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Albemarle Tradewinds November 2016 Web Final

November 2016

Medicines And Medical

Medicines And Medical Procedures During The War Between The States (Continued from last month) Ironically the person who launched the era of modern prosthetics was also the first documented amputee of the war. He was Confederate soldier James Edward Hanger. Hanger lost his leg above the knee to a Yankee cannon ball, he was first fitted with a wooden peg leg by bungling Yankee surgeons. Unhappy with the cumbersome appendage, Hanger eventually designed and built a new lightweight leg from whittled barrel staves. Hanger’s innovative leg had hinges at the knee and foot, which helped him sit more comfortably and to walk with a more natural gait. Hanger won the contract to make limbs for Confederate veterans. The company he founded Hanger INC. remains a key player in prosthetics and orthotics today. The same commitment to support veterans continues today through programs of the VA and Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency to ensure ongoing progress in prosthetics design. Lincoln’s war marked the end of the era of wooden peg legs and simple hooks. That war set the prosthetics industry on a course that would ultimately lead to today’s Quasi-Bionic limbs that look like the real thing and can often perform some tasks even better. By the time the war of northern aggression broke out in 1861, both ether and chloroform had been in use for several years as methods of surgical anesthesia. Though both anesthetics agents were developed around the same time (the 1840’s), chloroform soon emerged as the more widely used, as it took action faster and was nonflammable. During that war ether and particularly chloroform became indispensable tools for military doctors, who performed tens of thousands of amputations and other types of procedures for wounded soldiers. Before ether was developed as a surgical anesthetic. Throughout the history of medicine, including as a treatment for ailments such as scurvy or pulmonary inflammation, a pleasant smelling colorless and highly flammable liquid, ether can be vaporized into a gas that numbs pain The Chowanoke Indians November is North Carolina American Indian Heritage Month and will be celebrated by American Indians and tribal organizations across the state. Having a population of more than 180,000, North Carolina has the largest American Indian population east of the Mississippi and the eight largest in the United States. Traditionally, the Governor recognizes the significance of North Carolina’s indigenous people with a proclamation each year. Recognition for American Indians on a national level began in 1914. However it was not until 1990, when President Bush signed a congressional resolution, that November was declared National American Indian Heritage Month. Archaeological studies show that American Indians have lived in North Carolina for over 12,000 years. At the time of English contact, there were three different Native linguistic groups in NC. The eastern shores and coastal plains areas of NC were populated by the Algonquian Indians, the southern coastal plains to the piedmont areas were inhabited by the Siouan Indians and the piedmont to the western areas were inhabited primarily by the Iroquois. The Chowanoke Indians were the largest Algonquian tribe in North Carolina By: Dr. Dave and Gary Riggs but leaves patients conscious. In 1842 Georgia physician Crawford Williamson Long became the first doctor to use ether as a general anesthetic during surgery when he used it to remove a tumor from the neck of his patient James M. Venable. In 1848 Longs results of his experiments were published. In 1864 after viewing ether demonstrations physicians suggested the word anesthesia to describe the process of making a patient unconscious in order to free them of surgical pain; it was based on the Greek word Anaisthesis which means insensibility or loss of sensation. Chloroform also called Trichloromethane, chloroform is prepared through the chlorination of methane gas. It was first prepared in 1831 when combined whiskey with chlorinated lime in an attempt to produce a cheap pesticide. In 1847, the Scottish physician Sir James Young Simpson first used the sweet smelling colorless nonflammable liquid as an anesthetic. When administered by dripping the liquid onto a sponge or cloth held so that the patient inhaled the vapors, chloroform was seen to have narcotic effects on the central nervous system and produced these effects relatively quickly. On the other hand, there were higher risks associated with chloroform that with ether, and its administration required greater physician skills. There were early reports of fatalities due to chloroform, beginning with a fifteen-year-old girl in 1848. skill and care were required to differentiate between an effective dose (enough to make patient insensible during surgery). And one that paralyzed the lungs causing death, fatalities were widely publicized and the risks involved led some patients facing surgery to decline anesthesia and brave the pain. Still, use of chloroform spread quickly and in 1853 it was famously administered to Britain’s Queen Victoria during the birth of her eighth child, Prince Leopold. American military doctors began using ether as an anesthetic on the battlefield during the Mexican- American War (1846-1848) and by 1849 it was officially issued by the army. By Duvonya Chavis during the precolonial era. They were also among one of the first Indian groups to come in contact with the settlers. While much of their population declined due to war, disease, and other illnesses, they were not decimated. The Chowanokes persisted and remain to tell their story. This month is a time to celebrate the richness of Native culture and to educate the public on the history of our country’s Native inhabitants. Chowanoke Indians will celebrate their heritage during American Indian Heritage Month at Merchants Millpond State Park on November 5, 2016 with a history event and social. History on the pre- and post- reservation periods, the reclamation of a part of the historic Chowanoke reservation, recognition for the Chowanoke Indians, and the documentary film currently being produced on the Chowanoke Indians of Gates County will be discussed. The public is invited to attend. Part 7 Next Month Sons of Confederate Veterans We meet at Vickie’s Villa in Elizabeth City the 4th Tuesday every month at 7pm Though many doctors and nurses had experience with using ether by the time of the war between the states chloroform became more popular during the conflict, due to its fasteracting nature and a large number of positive reports of its usage during the Crimean War in the 1850’s. During the war of northern aggression chloroform was used whenever it was available to reduce the pain and trauma of amputation or other procedures. Usage of ether and chloroform later declined after the development of safer, more effective inhalation anesthetics and they are no longer used in surgery today. Chloroform, in particular, came under attack in the 20th century and was shown to be carcinogenic by ingestion in laboratory mice and rats. It is now used mainly in the preparation of fluorocarbons, used in aerosol propellants and refrigerants, it is also found in some cough and cold medicines, dental products (including toothpaste and mouthwashes), topical liniments and other products. Techniques developed in response to sick and wounded soldiers led to advances in pain management. The war between the states saw the birth of organized triage, which directly influenced the modern ambulance system. Dr. Dave is an Ivy League Trained Executive Chef and Early American Historian Mention this Ad and get a free Hot Dog when you purchase a Hot Dog. 34 Albemarle Tradewinds November 2016 albemarletradewinds.com

Northeast North Carolina Family History – Thankful for modern technology… By: Irene Hampton - nencfamilyhistory@gmail.com I was looking through some family history thinking about this column when I realized that my grandparents were married 100 years ago this month. Although we know the date of their marriage, it occurred to me that I’ve never seen a picture. My computer tree indicated I had a copy of their marriage registration, so I dug it out to check for more information. My grandfather was a 31 year old bachelor, a farmer, born in Quebec. And bless those French-Canadian Catholic records, they included parents’ full names with the mother’s maiden name. My grandmother was 20, born in Manitoba and the reference to a single woman at the time was spinster. It indicates they were both Catholic and that the banns had been read. Oddly enough, the copy of the registration from 1916 and a copy of a certificate from 1965 that I’m guessing my parents requested, have different witnesses listed… But those details don’t tell me about the family and friends who were there. What was the reception like? What about the hundreds of details that went in to making that occasion happen? Do you have the same problem with family events? For our son’s wedding reception last month (see Lexi and Seth on Youtube if you are interested) I was asked to send pictures from our wedding and our parents’ wedding day. There is no picture for my husband’s parents or either of the grandparents that we are aware of. Details are slim as well. It is truly sad that such important, relatively recent events are already lost to memory. What about your own important occasions? Have you recorded them in some way? Are there pictures that are saved in a manner that they will be available to future generations? Or even if you had a fire or disaster like the recent flooding so many people experienced? I do know that our son’s wedding and reception are so well documented through social media that I’m pretty confident they will be available in perpetuity! Do you know the circumstances or marriage customs of your ancestors? Early in North Carolina’s history, circuit riders would go through their districts and marry individuals in the block of time they were in that area. Those records may or may not have ended up recorded at the state level. Were there specific religious or cultural traditions that your ancestors would have followed? I know when my mother got married 65 years ago, there was a wedding dress trend for a type of hoop around the hip that she wished wasn’t recorded in all their photographs. Whenever we saw those pictures she commented on how much she disliked that style. We do have photos of her dressed to leave after the reception with all her sisters and her parents. And I know that they went to Seattle for their honeymoon where she got sick on seafood which has genetically predisposed me to not care for it – well, that’s my best reason… I can feel for my mom as I didn’t care for the way my hat and attached veil looked in most of my wedding pictures – in a few it was great. I just check with my husband and he does remember how I felt about it but I doubt my sons Irene Hampton earned cerrtificate in Genealogy from Brigham Young University and worked as the Genealogical/Local history Researcher for the Pasquotank-Camden Library for over 12 years. She has also abstracted and published “Widow’s Years Provisions, 1881-1899, Pasquotank County, North Carolina”; “1840 Currituck, North Carolina Federal Census” and “Record of Marriages, Book A (1851-1867) Currituck County, North Carolina”. You may contact her at nencfamilyhistory@gmail.com. have any idea. Just a little detail I could share. My husband did add he always thought it looked very nice – good man! I don’t even remember the food that was served at our reception. We do have a picture of us cutting the cake, so I know what that looked like. I have a picture of what looks like a hotel room where my parents’ reception was, but not one of the cake! My point being how scattered my information is and with all the people I need to speak to no longer living, I can’t even ask about the food for my own reception. Not earth shattering, but details I have lost. My in-laws got married during WWII when they were both 19. They were married in South Mills in Camden County which became the hot spot for courthouse marriages during the war for couples up and down the east coast. We have an outdoor picture we believe was taken around the time they got married, but that’s about it. That’s so sad. If you are interested in some great local wedding pictures, clothes and customs, check out the Museum of the Albemarle’s “I DO! Weddings in the Albemarle” exhibit. If you can’t get there in person they have a great link at http:// vowbride.com/news/i-do-weddings-in-albermarle/ With the holiday season fast approaching PLEASE take the time at ANY family get-together to talk about and record in some manner family memories. They really are precious and sadly have an expiration date. Don’t lose them. Halstead @ GAATS, You Relax, We do the Tax el CinoCa MCCartHur eHringHaus Mall 1502 Ehringhaus St. Bookkeeping, Payroll Services Income Tax, IFTA, etc. Free ITIN # w/paid Tax Return “LIBRE ITIN” 10% DIScouNT GAATS, LLC Godwin and Associates Tax Service, LLC TAX SERVICE 252-331-5859 Did you know the Albemarle Tradewinds is located in more than 250 locations in NENC and Chesapeake? facebook.com/AlbemarleTradingPost Albemarle Tradewinds November 2016 35