9 months ago

September 2015 Web Final

September 2015

Quakers, Manumission,

Quakers, Manumission, and the Underground Railroad by Wanda E. Hunt McLean December 15, 1796 TEN DOLLARS REWARD. MADE his escape, on the 16th instant, near Hertford, in Perquimans, my negro fellow JOB; he is about 5 feet 6 inches, rather black, has remarkable small feet and hands, 25 or 30 years of age; he was bred in Perquimans, and probably he my be lurking about there, as he has a mother and other relations not far from Hertford; he was one of the negroes emancipated by the Quakers, and taken up and sold by order of court; it is more than probable that they may wish to secret him; all those who offend that way, may rely on being dealt with in the utmost severity of the law. The above reward will be given to any person that will deliver said negro to me, or confine him in goal [jail] so that I get him again, together with all reasonable expences. Pasquotank, Nov. 28, 1796 THOMAS POOL The above slave runaway ad was published in the State Gazette of North Carolina (Edenton), 1791-1799, and it represents Quakers and the manumission of their slaves, which was very prevalent in northeastern North Carolina. Quakers believed in peace, a simple life, equality, and integrity. They also believed that slavery caused idleness in their children. The leaders of their religion finally ruled that one could not remain in the sect if they owned African or American Indian slaves. The Quakers tried to find ways to free their slaves. Because of this law in their religion they involved themselves in manumission, or to free somebody from slavery. In 1777 the North Carolina General Assembly passed a law to stop manumission entitled “An Act to Prevent Domestic Insurrection.” In Perquimans the Quakers were freeing their slaves. They were captured by the sheriff and resold back into slavery. This activity happened over and over again. Finally in 1786 a group of Quakers presented a petition to the General Assembly requesting that freed slaves not be captured and sold back into slavery. This petition was denied. Quakers were against breaking the law, but this did not stop their Underground Railroad activities. The legal avenue was not working and as a result the Quakers developed a strong secretive network of conductors and stations throughout the South. For North Carolina I have seen references for a network of Underground Railroad activity between the towns of Goldsboro, New Bern, and Rich Square. A large operation of activity took place at the home of Henry and Dorothy Copeland, Quakers originally from Perquimans, and Chowan counties. It is documented on file in the Friends Historical Collection at Guilford College that this couple was instrumental in safely hiding and guiding over 300 runaway slaves to freedom through their house in Rich Square. This couple’s work has been recognized and designated as part of the Underground Railroad story through the National Underground Railroad Network to Freedom Program-National Park Service. This does not even touch on the work of Levi Coffin and the New Garden Friends Meeting in Greensboro, Guilford County. “The Underground Railroad and the Manumission and Colonization Society of North Carolina were both tools of Guilford County Quakers. Settlement of freed slaves was made in Haiti and Liberia, with Guilford Quakers involved all the time. The Elizabeth City-Pasquotank County Senior Center “Serving the Young at Heart, Adults 55 or Older” The Senior Center offers a wide variety of exciting programs, trips and activities for the senior citizens of Elizabeth City and Pasquotank County. We strive to create a “family” atmosphere that promotes social, mental, physical and emotional overall well-being. Lauren Turner Senior Center Coordinator Phone: (252)337-6661 or One shipload of freedmen was diverted to New Orleans by a greedy captain, who sold them back into slavery. One of the slaves had been taught to write by the Quakers, and he succeeded in sending back a letter. Thereafter, a representative of the Quakers was on every ship until the people were landed in a safe port.” (New Garden Friends Meeting by Hiram Hilty, 1983, pp. 48-49) To NE, NC’s credit, Piney Woods Meeting in Belvidere is the oldest Quaker congregation in North Carolina. Not far away is the Up River Friends Meeting. Both are constituent meetings in Eastern Quarterly Meeting of Friends established in 1680. ( Free 24 hour news at 22 Albemarle Tradewinds September 2015 (252)337-6662 Thank you Virginia Pilot for your news feed.

Master Bowhunter Program Guidelines This program was approved by the Executive Council in June, 1992. The rules and requirements governing the awarding of the “Master Bowhunter Award” are as follows: 1. Status of Master Bowhunter A. The status of Master Bowhunter shall be for the purpose of recognizing the individual efforts of bowhunters whose pursuit of big game in North Carolina has taken them far beyond that of the average bowhunter. B. To reach this status and be recognized by the NCBA, a bowhunter must take ONE each of the FOUR species of big game in N.C. This shall hereafter be referred to as North Carolina’s “Grand Slam” of bowhunting. C. The FOUR species of big game in N.C. are: Black Bear, Whitetail Deer, Wild Turkey, and Wild Boar. 2. Minimum Requirements A. The minimum requirements for each entry are the same as for entry into the Records System “All-Time Records Listings”. (See Trophy Class Minimum Requirements under Section II-B- 1.) Successful candidates for the “Master Bowhunter Award” must take ONE each of the following which meets “NCBA Trophy Class Minimum Requirements”: ONE - Whitetail Deer (Typical, Non-Typical, Typical Velvet, or Non-Typical Velvet) ONE - Black Bear ONE - Wild Turkey (Typical or Non-Typical) ONE - Wild Boar B. All entries must be taken in North Carolina C. Past entries are eligible IF the bowhunter was a member of NCBA at the time of the harvest. D. Entries must be taken in accordance with NCBA and Pope & Young Club Rules of Fair Chase. E. All entries must be taken with Bow and Arrow, as defined in the NCBA Records System Rules; and by definition of a “Bow, Arrow and Broadhead” by the Pope and Young Club. F. A “Master Bowhunter All-Time List” shall be maintained by the Records Chairman. G. A plaque, a “Green Jacket”, and/or other concessions, will be presented to those who have successfully completed the “Grand Slam” requirements at the annual awards banquet. Albemarle Tradewinds September2015 23