19.02.2021 Views

Proposal for Auroville City Center. Anupama Kundoo architects. 2007

This proposal for Auroville City Center, was produced in 2007 by Anupama Kundoo and her team under the supervision of Roger Anger. It is based upon the Chief Architect's city plan for Auroville as envisioned by Mirra Alfassa, aka the Mother, with which Auroville was founded on 28 February 1968 in Tamil Nadu, India. This document was produced in order to initiate the development of the City Center with a population of 5000 inhabitants and take the first urban step towards realising Auroville. It serves as the basis to invite technical inputs and strategies for mobility, energy, water and other infrastructure in the direction of Auroville's defined vision and aims. The next phase would integrate technical inputs and propose the detail development plans. Documents referred to: Auroville Masterplan. Project proposal by Roger Anger, 1968 Auroville Universal Township Masterplan: Perspective 2025, Jointly prepared by Auroville Foundation and Town and Country Planning Organisation, Government of India, Ministry of Urban Development and Poverty Alleviation, 2001(approved by HRD Ministry on 12.04.2001) Guidelines for Integrated Urban and Rural Lanscaping in Auroville, Helge Jung, May 2001 Auroville Mobility Concept, Planungsbüro Billinger, August 2001 Auroville Universal Township Masterplan 2004: Directions for Growth Project proposal part of “Auroville Innovative Urban Management” project No. IND-015 of the AsiaUrbs project of the European Commission, 2003 Prefeasibility study on Water Supply, Storm Water Management for the City of Auroville. Study by Harald Kraft, Feb 2003 C.I.R.H.U. Auroville’s Future, 2003 Auroville City Center Proposal by Anupama Kundoo, February 2004 Auroville City Center Proposal by Auroville’s Future, 2005 Auroville Mobility, Auroville’s Future, February 2005 Administrative Area, Auroville. Project proposal by Anupama Kundoo, 01.02.2006 Auroville Townhall. Project proposal by Anupama Kundoo, 15.02.2007 sources

This proposal for Auroville City Center, was produced in 2007 by Anupama Kundoo and her team under the supervision of Roger Anger. It is based upon the Chief Architect's city plan for Auroville as envisioned by Mirra Alfassa, aka the Mother, with which Auroville was founded on 28 February 1968 in Tamil Nadu, India. This document was produced in order to initiate the development of the City Center with a population of 5000 inhabitants and take the first urban step towards realising Auroville. It serves as the basis to invite technical inputs and strategies for mobility, energy, water and other infrastructure in the direction of Auroville's defined vision and aims. The next phase would integrate technical inputs and propose the detail development plans.

Documents referred to:
Auroville Masterplan. Project proposal by Roger Anger, 1968
Auroville Universal Township Masterplan: Perspective 2025, Jointly prepared by Auroville Foundation and Town and Country Planning Organisation, Government of India, Ministry of Urban Development and Poverty Alleviation, 2001(approved by HRD Ministry on 12.04.2001)
Guidelines for Integrated Urban and Rural Lanscaping in Auroville, Helge Jung, May 2001
Auroville Mobility Concept, Planungsbüro Billinger, August 2001
Auroville Universal Township Masterplan 2004: Directions for Growth
Project proposal part of “Auroville Innovative Urban Management” project No. IND-015 of the AsiaUrbs project of the European Commission, 2003
Prefeasibility study on Water Supply, Storm Water Management for the City of Auroville. Study by Harald Kraft, Feb 2003
C.I.R.H.U. Auroville’s Future, 2003
Auroville City Center Proposal by Anupama Kundoo, February 2004
Auroville City Center Proposal by Auroville’s Future, 2005
Auroville Mobility, Auroville’s Future, February 2005
Administrative Area, Auroville. Project proposal by Anupama Kundoo, 01.02.2006
Auroville Townhall. Project proposal by Anupama Kundoo, 15.02.2007
sources

SHOW MORE
SHOW LESS

Create successful ePaper yourself

Turn your PDF publications into a flip-book with our unique Google optimized e-Paper software.

Auroville, a city-in-the-making, is located

150 kms south of Chennai, Tamil Nadu, South India,

envisaged for a population of 50,000,

with the aim of achieving human unity.

Innaugurated on 28.02.1968,

Auroville has presently more than 1500 residents from 35

countries.

CITY CENTRE

AUROVILLE


contents

01 introduction p. 03

02 components of the city centre p. 11

03 access and mobility p. 15

04 distibution of volumes, population and services p. 23

05 parks and gardens p. 29

06 matrimandir area p. 35

07 lake p. 39

08 green network p. 43

09 crown buildings p. 47

10 administrative belt p. 57

11 habitat belt p. 71

12 CIRHU p. 81

13 vocational training area p. 85

14 offices of the industrial zone p. 93

15 international zone p. 101

16 residential zone p. 105

17 cultural zone p. 113

18 references p. 121


01 introduction


extent and location

Auroville, a city-in-the-making, is located 150 kms

south of Chennai, Tamil Nadu, South India, envisaged

for a population of 50,000, with the aim of achieving

human unity.

Innaugurated on 28.02.1968, Auroville has presently

more than 1500 residents from 35 countries.

The City Centre of Auroville covers a surface of 384

acres with a radius of 690 meters around Auroville’s

centre.

Chennai

Auroville

Pondicherry

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


ackground

Due to the scattered land situation & stewardship in

the early years of Auroville; the development had

grown very haphazard.

Further, the cost of infrastructure in proportion to the

cost of structures is far too high if this trend continues.

Today, however, most of the land is purchased in the

city centre area and it is very feasible to concentrate

the development around Matrimandir, which is now

nearing completion.

lands owned by Auroville

(Masterplan 2001)


AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


aims

The city centre development aims:

To manifest urban tissue, density and architectural

quality

To learn urban management in accordance to The Auroville

Charter

To target a financially sustainable development

To propose a coherent and understandable project

To lay common and permanent infrastructure

To provide immediately large areas for parks and gardens

To implement the first phase of traffic pollution free

area within the town

To simplify access to services and public facilities

To provide access to international, residential, cultural

and industrial activities at walking distances

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


the potential

Being still quite a virgin area, the City Centre offers

the possibility to develop according to the highest

aims and objectives of Auroville.

The small scale of the project provides the testing

ground for innovative infrastructural systems and

buildings and for learning how to manage the finances

in a collective way. 10 10 of the total population of

Auroville i.e.5000 inhabitants will be provided residential

accommodation in the city centre area.

A concentrated development of Auroville’s City Centre

is not only urgent for Auroville’s collective focus,

but also a very feasible, practical and economically

advantageous option.

The actual physical realisation of this ‘City Centre’ will

be a model example to experiment at a small scale,

the future developments for the whole of Auroville.


AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


context of the 4 zones

The city centre of Auroville is located in the context

of Auroville‘s masterplan consisting of four principle

zones namely; International, Residential, Cultural &

Industrial; which radiate from the centre in a spiraling

movement accomodating a total population of 50,000

inhabitants.

INDUSTRIAL ZONE

A circular ring road called `the crown´goes along a diameter

of 1.25 kilometers and is the main spine of this

city, seen as a lively ´street´which will accomodate all

the principle services distributed according to the zone

that it cuts through.

INTERNATIONAL ZONE

CULTURAL ZONE

Within the crown each of the above mentioned zones

fuse together, overlap and interpenetrate each other.

The City Centre is the area within this Crown Road,

where the essence of each zone is located but without

segregation from the other as a unified whole, and

from which outside of the crown the zone proper can

radiate.

RESIDENTIAL ZONE

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


02 components of the city centre


components

Matrimandir area

Lake

Green Network

Crown Development

Administrative Belt

Habitat Belt

CIRHU

Vocational Training Centre

Industrial Zone

International Zone

Residential Zone

Cultural Zone

12

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


city centre map

The following are the components of the City Centre:

1. Matrimandir Area

2. Lake

3. Green Network

4. Crown Development

5. Administrative Belt

6. Habitat Belt

7. CIRHU

(Center for International Research

in Human Unity)

8. Vocational Training Centre

9. Offices of the Industrial Zone

10. International Zone

11. Residential Zone

12. Cultural Zone

INDUSTRIAL ZONE

CULTURAL ZONE

INTERNATIONAL ZONE

RESIDENTIAL ZONE

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 13


03 access and mobility


oad network hierarchy

Preference for non-polluting movements

The proposed layout of Auroville is ideal to develop a

motor-free city. From the Outer Ring Road Matrimandir

Area can be reached within 12 minutes walking time

(or 4 minutes by cycle). The longest possible distance,

i.e., to cross the City Area diagonally requires 36

minutes. In a motor-free city, preference is given to

pedestrians, cyclists and to non-polluting movement

resulting in a peaceful mix of all traffic participants

on street spaces that are non-exclusive and common

for all. An environment free of noise and other traffichazards

befits a “peace area”. Children and the elderly

can move freely.

Therefore for the city area of Auroville it is recommended

to create a zone where pedestrians take priority.

Cyclists will be allowed where they do not disturb.

Cars and motorbikes will be permitted only when necessary

for emergencies, or for delivery and removal.

Only those with walking problems will be allowed to

use motorised vehicles in the pedestrian zone. Access

for vehicles for delivery and removal can be restricted

to certain times of the day. All motor-vehicles will have

to adjust their speed to the pedestrians. Public transport

buses are permitted to use the streets and pathways

of the city area. 15 km/h is appropriate as the

maximum speed. This results in an average speed of

10 km/h for a bus-line, including the time for stops.

road

service road

pedestrian

train for children

underground road

recreational pathway

forest pathway

16

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


distances

The centre of Auroville is formed by Matrimandir, Amphitheatre

and Banyan Tree. In the Master Plan, according

to the Galaxy concept, green network (containing

pedestrian lanes and cycle paths) radiates out

from the centre.

Within 5 minutes walking distance of Matrimandir Area

lies the Crown Road, which encircles the inner city area.

The Crown Road is conceived as a circle with a radius

of about 700 m. Within approximately 7 minutes walking

distance of the Crown Road, the Outer Ring Road

is located with a radius of about 1.25 km.

The boundary of the township is also defined in the

form of a circle. With a radius of 2.5 km, it encloses an

area of about 20 sq.km. (2000 ha.)

Billinger sketch (Mobility Report 2005)

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 17


vehicular circulation

The crown road is a circular street which surrounds the

city centre and which is fed by radial streets, forming

a connection to the outer ring road. Vehicular acces

stops here and is permitted via service roads only for

specific timings.

An underground road connects the crown road with

the administrative belt and several parking facilities in

the habitat belt.

crown road

service and delivery road

18

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


vehicular circulation

underground access and parking

train for children

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 19


pedestrian criculation

Inside the crown road, pedestrian movement has an

absolute priority. partially shaded walkways, promenades

and bridges connect the buildings, while pathways

with different types of pavings give access to

the gardens and the green network, useable for byciclists,

skaters and hikers.

pedestrian streets

recreational pathways

20

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


atmosphere

pathways of the green network

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 21


04 distribution of volumes, population and services


uilding heights

Most of the buildings follow a height restriction of

ground +1 or ground +2 levels. Only important buildings

like the Matrimandir, the CIRHU or the townhall

gain more height, in addition to that the so called

„lines of force“ are also allowed to grow higher. The

ones that touch the vocational training centre in the

north have their highest point towards the city centre,

whereas the ones in the residential zone grow higher

towards the crown road.

G +11

G +10

G +8

G +7

G +6

G +5

G +4

G +3

G +2

G +1

24

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


distribution of population

5.4

5.3

5.2

5.1

The city centre will accommodate residential units for

a population of 5,000 inhabitants, and while the residential

zone does enter the city center, the population

will be distributed throughout the area as follows:

4

1. residential zone: 1,250

2. habitat belt: 1,500

2

3. crown: 1,900

4.vocational training centre: 100

3

5. offices of the industrial zone

5.1 Block 1: 60

5.2 Block 2: 30

5.3 Block 3: 35

5.4 Block 4: 25

total: 150

7

6.2

6. cultural zone

6.1 Kindergarten: 20

6.2 Faculties: 30

total: 50

7. international zone: 50

1

6.1

3

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 25


distribution of service buildings

Social infrastructure will be distributed appropriately

according to the Table provided in Page 66 of the Perspective

Plan 2025 to serve the needs of 5000 residents

of the City Centre.

Over and above there will be a higher proportion of

services in the crown area as the crown is the main

service area for the rest of the city.

other

service

26

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


distribution of service buildings

Tab le 18: S o c i a l I n f r ast r u ct u r e r e q u i r e m e n t f o r a P o p u l at i o n o f 15 , 000

( N o . o f fac i l i t i es at va r i o u s l eve l s)

I n f r ast r u ct u r e

Total

a rea

( ha.)

C o m m u n i t y

L eve l

Sect o r

L eve l

N e i g h b o u r h o o d

L eve l

D i st r i ct

/

C i ty

L eve l

P o p u l at i o n Se r ve d 250 1 ,000 5 ,000 15 ,000

H ea l t h 8

E mergen c y 1

C lini c 1

Pol y c l ini c 1

Hospital 1

Alternati v e health

1 1 1

F a c ilities

E d u cat i o n 80

C rè c he & Kindergarten 1

S chool (age 6-10) 1

S chool (age 11-19) 1

U ni v e r s it y 1

R ec r eat i o n

C o m m unit y p ar k s &

pla y g round s

1

Se ctor par k s &

1

pla y g round s

N eighbourhood par k s

1

&

pla y g round s

C it y l e v e l pla y g round 1

C o m m e r c i a l 30

Shopping 5 s hop s 10 shop s 25 s hop s store

Gue sthouses 2 8

T ouri st c entre 3

C u l t u r e 10

E x h ibition s pa c e 1

C ine m a 1( mini- c ine m a) 1

Auditorium 1

U t i l i ty & Se r v i ces 25

M aintenance c entres 1 1

Z onal offices 1

C it y l e v e l offices &

1

T o w n ad m ini stration

Burial & c re m ation s ite 1

Water di stribution 1

Waste w ater treatment 1

Solid w a ste re c y c l ing 1 1

Se rvice n o d es 32

T raffic & v i l lage

interface facilities

source: Master Plan Perspective 2025, p. 66

8

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 27


05 parks and gardens


distribution of parks

The principle parks and gardens throughout Autoville

will be connceted to from a green network through

which an alternative and nonpolluting mobility will be

provided to the city.

This means that starting from the rnatrimandir gardens,

the four principal parks and the green network

and all other green city areas as well as the green belt

are to be seen as one living green body.

Mahakali Park

The city area will be structured by four major parks

which spread out from the centre to the green belt

separating the 4 zones of the city. They will act as

green lungs for the city, improving the climate with the

air circulation, providing recreation for the residents

and connecting the city centre to the green belt by

means of pedestrian and cycle paths.

Mahasaraswati Park

In different areas of the park there will be smaller

gardens with special site themes to create a diversity

of spaces within the park, yet all being harmoniously

connected. There will be recreational facilities

like playgrounds, resting places, jogging paths, picnic

sites, and educational facilities for nature awareness,

green houses and arboretums.

Since 55 of the city will be open spaces or permeable

surface, in order to prevent it from becoming residual

space or concrete deserts as in other towns and

cities, it has been planned to accommodate greenery

of an organized nature.

Maheswari Park

Mahalakshmi Park

30

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


distribution of gardens

The distribution of gardens in the City Centre follows

a radiating logic and has three major components:

the core (Matrimandir gardens), a ring in the middle

(Cultural zone A and the gardens between the administrative

and the habitat belt), and a further ring of

gardens which is directly connected to the buildings of

the crown road.

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 31


components

4

core middle ring outer ring

32

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


circulation

jogging track

Some of the gardens are intertwined with different systems

of circulation, e.g. the recreational pathway in

the the gardens of the cultural zone A, which connects

the buildings of the Kindergarten in a playful way, or

the jogging track between the administrative- and the

habitat belt.

recreational pathway

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 33


06 matrimandir area


matrimandir area

The Matrimandir Area is at the heart of the city and

contains the following elements:

1. The Matrimandir: place for concentration.

2. The Banyan Tree: the geographical centre of Auroville

and the only tree standing in the area at Auroville’s

inception, symbolizing unity.

3. The Urn and Amphitheatre: This was the site of

the inauguration of Auroville on 28th February 1968

where a lotus bud shaped urn still stands containing

the soil of 121 nations and 23 Indian states, brought

by youth and combined ceremoniously in a demonstration

of the unity aspired by Auroville. The amphitheatre

serves as a very special gathering place for

Aurovilians.

2. Banyan Tree

4. The Matrimandir gardens

1. Matrimandir

3. Urn and Amphitheatre

4. Matrimandir gardens

36

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


matrimandir gardens

6

7

5

8

4

9

3

10

2

11

1

12

Surrounding the Matrimandir, and amidst the lake,

an oval is planned containing twelve distinct gardens.

Beginning from the western pillar of Matrimandir and

moving counter-clockwise they will develop the following

themes:

1. Existence

2. Consciousness

3. Bliss

4. Light

5. Life

6. Power

7. Wealth

8. Utility

9. Progress

10. Youth

11. Harmony

12. Perfection

In their choice of plants, these gardens will represent

some qualities related to the overall theme through

the meanings the Mother gave to certain flowers. So

the entire planting will enhance the special garden

theme.

More than in the outer parks and green corridors, there

will be experimentation with a diversity of colours,

textures and shapes within a very small area, the average

area of the gardens being about 500 to 1300

sq.metres. Separated by radial paths between them,

and closed up, they continue the twelve circle sectors

and the radial lines of the Matrimandir itself. Together

with the Banyan tree, the Amphitheatre and a rose

garden they form the central Peace area with its surrounding

lake.

There should be an atmosphere of tranquility and

contemplation in this area, which cannot be disturbed

by any busy traffic. In other words they will be a

unique feature of the townscape, radiating their energy

throughout the city area surroundings.

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 37


07 lake


the lake

The lake surrounding the oval of the Matrimandir Gardens

will serve a dual purpose: first, to help create an

atmosphere of calm and serenity at the heart of the

city, and second, to act as a significant groundwater

recharge area, by acting as a reservoir for rainwater

and allowing if to percolate into the underlying aquifer.

40

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


concept of rain water harvesting

Harvested rain water from the city will be used to fill

the central lake having a surface area of 181,000 m²,

a maximum depth of 10 m, and a slope of the embankment

of 1 : 3, the average depth would be 7,60

m, and the storage volume would be 1,376,000 m³.

sketch form Ingenieur Büro Kraft, Berlin

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 41


08 green network


green network

The interconnection of various parks in the city area

will make it possible to provide green routes for mobility

within Auroville for those using bicycles or walking,

the distances between zones being very small.

44

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


green network

The parks in the city centre are connected to other

green areas, altogether constituting the green network.

Between the crown road and the outer ring road there

is an already existing structure of green spaces, which

will be absorbed; outside of the outer ring road the

green network enlarges into a ring of almost continuosly

green space.

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 45


09 crown buildings


crown buildings

The crown is the main service ring of Auroville, where

the principle service facilities if each zone are situated.

The ring, cutting through the 4 zones, also links and

provides continuity between the zones. Thus it will be

the main hub, the spine, the very heart of Auroville’s

city life.

study model Roger Anger

48

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


circulation

Along the crown road there will also be the main traffic

of the city. On the external face of the buildings will

be located the main vehicular traffic while on the inner

face of the buildings will be the gardens of the crown

buildings facing the Matrimandir.

Between these two faces a pedestrian street will contain

the street life, expanding and contracting in width

to accommodate other necessary and significant outdoor

public space. Walkways and bridges will further

link neighbouring buildings to create a unified pedestrian

circulation also vertically and horizontally on the

upper levels.

Through the buildings and between them, at places it

will be possible to cut through the building mass and

to enter the gardens and the other sub zones of the

city center for pedestrians. At few points the radial

roads will penetrate the crown buildings to serve the

required built areas. Another kind of penetration will

be the 4 principal parks that will continue into the city

center also containing pedestrian and bicycle traffic.

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 49


distribution of built spaces

2

1

Service buildings:

The crown is primarily for service buildings and facilities

according to the zone that it serves. These are

listed below.

Residential spaces:

In addition the crown will absorb a residential population

of 1900 inhabitants distributed throughout the

ring uniformly.

The crown in the International Zone (1)

As the service area for the International Zone, there

will be the crown restaurants, hotels guest-houses, exhibition

halls, meeting rooms, infomation center, world

news center, post-office, bank, restaurants and various

facilities selectively open to visitors and participants in

the various activities organized in Auroville (seminars,

conferences, sports events, cultural festivals etc.)

One main element in the crown will be a projected

International Centre/Unity Pavilion which will provide

specific facilities such as guest rooms, office space,

restaurants to the various pavilions so as to foster

contacts between guests from many countries and

common spaces for co-ordination.

The crown in the Industrial Zone (2)

The main activities in this part of the Industrial Zone

will include vocational training-centers, administrative

buildings of the city, workshops, studios, social centers,

health and emergency centers, security- centre,.

post-office, telecommunication centre, bank etc.

50

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


distribution of built spaces

The crown in the Residential Zone (3)

In the residential zone the principal function of the

crown will be to provide for the daily needs of the

residents in terms of restaurants, collective kitchens,

food distribution centers, community dining, various

shops and services, coffee - shops, cinemas, theatres,

exhibition spaces, book stores,recreation centers,

art-galleries, nature-cure centers, post-offices

etc.

The crown in the Cultural Zone (4)

The main elements here will consist of art studios, audio-visual

studios, cinemas, theatres, exhibition spaces,

laboratories, institutes of research, museum, hall

of culture, auditorium, gymnasiums, swimming pools,

student residences, health centres, libraries, youth

hostels, Sri Aurobindo International institute of Educational

Research, Centre of Research on Indian Culture

etc.

4

3

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 51


oad sections

drawings from „Auroville Mobility“ 2005

52

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


concept of pedestrian streets

The buildings of the crown are alle linked through a

pedestrian pathway. The schematic examples below

show some possible interactions between the buildings

and the pathway.

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 53


design guidelines

The following design guidelines and architectural features

are recommended for this area:

1. Massing

The crown buildings will be readable as unified mass

that is permeable and transparent at places. Green

areas such as the principal parks and other corridors

of the green network should not cut or delink the continuity

of the crown pedestrian path. They could be

made to pass in some creative and imaginative ways

2. Heights

The crown buildings will have 1 to 2 levels above the

ground floor. The ground floor of the building to be 3.5

m and the total building height not to exceed 10m. The

ground floor may also be only connected with bridges

at 3.5m.

5. Distribution of spaces

Most of the infrastructure and services is to be located

towards the crown road and to be avoided from the

inner side of the crown to protect the adjacent green

areas.

No parking or such services may be located on the

inner side.

Some parking (underground) could be integrated within

the crown building but without disturbing the pedestrian

path. Temporarily some parking can be organised

across the road

6. Other architectural requirements

Building materials should be selected with a view to

project a consistent language to the crown building

Proposal should include for a minimum 0.1 hectareacre

area of development.

3. Building Edges and Setbacks

Buildings will extend to touch the plot line on the edge

facing the vehicular road. Although recesses and setbacks

may be also provided at places.In order to be

able to maintain the curvature of the crown, the uninterrupted

running length of the building to be restricted

to a maximum of 20m if the face is a straight

edge, or alternatively the building face may be designed

in accordance with the curvature of the crown

building plot.

4. Horizontal and Vertical connections of the pede

strian street

The ground floor should have space for continuous circulation

in the form of colonnades, porticos etc. for the

pedestrians. The inner street thus created, will be completely

continuous and mostly covered running parallel

to the crown road and sandwiched between the buildings,

will be free of motorised transport. The width of

the path can be varying (from 2m to 10m even) with

levels and steps but with barrier-free access

Every building is to be visually and physically connected

to the next buildings so as to create a harmonious

continuity and impart an urban language to the

whole crown. Provision for suitable connection of further

crown buildings adjacent to a building proposed,

must be an integral part of the proposal

54

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


area calculations

total plot: 146,451 sqm

International Zone

Total Plot Area

23,562 sqm

Cultural Zone

Total Plot Area

25,410 sqm

Primary area (60 of plot area)

(20m wide outer circle)

14,137 sqm

Primary area (60 of plot area)

(20m wide outer circle)

15,246 sqm

Secondary area (40 of plot area)

(15m wide inner cricle)

9,424 sqm

Secondary area (40 of plot area)

(15m wide inner cricle)

10,164 sqm

Ground Coverage Primary area

(60 of primary plot area)

Ground Coverage Secondary area

(20 of secondary plot area)

8,482 sqm

1,885 sqm

Ground Coverage Primary area 9,148 sqm

(60 of primary plot area)

Ground Coverage Secondary area 2,033 sqm

(20 of secondary plot area)

Maximum Total Building footprint

10,367 sqm

Maximum Total Building footprint

11,181 sqm

Useable area per floor

(65 of footprint)

Total useable area

(over an average of 2.5 floors)

Residential Zone

Total Plot Area

Primary area (60 of plot area)

(20m wide outer circle)

Secondary area (40 of plot area)

(15m wide inner cricle)

Ground Coverage Primary area

(60 of primary plot area)

6,739 sqm

16,846 sqm

58,538 sqm

35,122 sqm

23,415 sqm

21,073sqm

Ground Coverage Secondary area 4,683 sqm

(20 of secondary plot area)

Maximum Total Building footprint

25,756 sqm

Useable area per floor (65% of footprint) 16,741 sqm

Total useable area (2.5 floors)

41,853 sqm

Useable area per floor (65% of footprint) 7,267 sqm

Total useable area

(over an average of 2.5 floors)

Industrial Zone

Total Plot Area

Primary area (60 of plot area)

(20m wide outer circle)

Secondary area (40 of plot area)

(15m wide inner cricle)

Ground Coverage Primary area

(60 of primary plot area)

18,169 sqm

38,941 sqm

23,365 sqm

15,576 sqm

14,019 sqm

Ground Coverage Secondary area 3,115 sqm

(20 of secondary plot area)

Maximum Total Building footprint

17,134 sqm

Useable area per floor (65% of footprint) 11,137 sqm

Total useable area (2.5 floors)

27,842 sqm

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 55


10 administrative belt


administrative belt

The administrative belt has been assigned 7 hectares,

1.4 of the city area and is to accommodate

all the city administrative offices, their supporting

facilities(Administrative Area)and housing for 1500

persons(Habitat).

The Administrative Area curves around the Matrimandir

so that all the main functions of collective organization

are directly in contact with Auroville’s centre,

and its influence. The curved belt has public buildings

partly inter-connected to each other, along the inner

side facing Matrimandir.

The administrative buildings will be visually connected

as a comprehensive whole. The ground floor façade

will provide a continuous covered walk-way/ promenade

for public circulation, with the Matrimandir on one

side and the reception/exhibition areas of each main

building on the other side.

58

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


circulation

underground parking

delivery road during specific timings

An underground vehicular access will penetrate into

the city-center area from the crown road leading to

the common basement parking for the administrative

belt located under the main townhall building.

A service road for deliveries is located in the outer layer

of the administrative belt adjacent to the park, it

will allow vehicular movement during certain times of

the day. At other times it will be used by bicycles and

pedestrian movement.

The administrative buildings will be internally served

through a lively street with buildings on either side

and spilling on to public open spaces.

Along the front facade is a raised walkway connecting

the buildings which is protected under roofoverhangs

of various buildings. This walkway would

connect various exhibition spaces open to the public

located in each building.

The buildings will be also connected on the upper level

through bridges along the front facade.

Finally a lake promenade will allow pedestrian movement

at the lake edge through landscaped gardens

and artworks.

internal street connecting buildings and public spaces

shaded and raised walkway

lake promenade

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 59


distribution of spaces

There will be distinct prominent buildings for the main

functions of administration and efficient organization

of Auroville, and there will be intermediate buildings

accommodating the supporting facilities that are

common to the administration zone as a whole, such

as cafeteria, exhibition spaces, photocopying, binding

and telecommunication facilities.

20

60

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


distribution of spaces

main buildings common buildings service buildings

CUR an example of a main building,

the multimedia-center an example of a common building

the various buildings of the administrative zone are a compact

mass interspersed with courtyards

the main townhall is higher than the

other buildings

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 61


area statements

8

2

1

12

4

10

9

5

11

3

1 main townhall 8.565 sqm

2 municipal services 522 sqm

3 economy 364 sqm

4 planning/construction 683 sqm

5 education 706 sqm

6 unity/mediation 364 sqm

7 matrimandir office 321 sqm

8 scientific research 341 sqm

9 village relations/bioregion 432 sqm

10 internal/external relations 413 sqm

11 art & culture 783 sqm

12 auroville foundation office 167 sqm

6

7

7

62

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


space calculations

administration area

total plot area

max. groundcoverage

total building footprint

footprint main buildings

footprint common &

service buildings

25,766 sqm

50

12,883 sqm

7,700 sqm (60 of total)

5,183 sqm (40 of total)

main buildings

height townhall ground +3 or +4

height others ground +2

useable area per floor

total useable area over

3 levels

additional area for the

townhall due to height

total useable area for

main buildings

5,005 sqm (65% of footprint)

15,015 sqm

5000 sqm

20,015 sqm

common buildings

height ground + 1

useable area per floor

total useable area over

2 levels

3,369 sqm (65% of footprint)

6,738 sqm

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 63


sections

townhall:

ground floor +4

administrative area:

ground floor +1/+2

64

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


design guidelines

The following urban design guidelines and architectural

features common to all buildings in this area are

recommended:

1 - massing

The buildings of the administrative area should be readable

as a compact mass rather than single standing

buildings. For this it is recommended to have a ground

coverage of 50. The unbuilt spaces should form positive

outdoor public spaces instead of being mere left

over spaces. They would appear to be punctures in

this compact mass.

the administrative buildings have a direct contact

to the matrimandir

service buildings such as cafeteria

2 - heights

Main buildings will be ground + 2 floors and standout

as important with the exception of the main townhall

building which could go up by two more floors. Common

buildings could be ground + 1 with an occasional

second floor. Service buildings could be groundfloor

only or ground + 1.

3 - building edges and setbacks

Along the side facing the Matrimandir the buildings

must touch the plot edge whereas on the side facing

the park the buildings maybe setback if necessary.

walkways on the upper level between buildings

positive unbuilt public spaces puncture the compact

mass of administrative buildings

4 - bridges/walkways

The buildings would be preferably interconnected

as much as possible through various bridges and

walkways on the upper level, while simultaneously

providing shade to walkways on the ground floor. This

is particulary important along the front facade connecting

main buildings.

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 65


views / vistas

66

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


views / vistas

The access ways into the Matrimandir are extended visually

through the administrative belt to elongate the

visual openings into the landscape. These ways provide

transparency to the park and further beyond into

the habitat belt. The residents from the habitat belt

can easily access these vistas through the triangular

common facility spaces.

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 67


concept of open spaces

Between buildings are well framed open spaces that

contain outdoor activity and public life.

Wherever possible, walkway bridges will be provided,

even on upper floors, for easy circulation and further

enhancement of the visual continuity of the whole.

The innermost row of buildings is proposed to be a

series of closely connected buildings for visual continuity,

not higher than ground plus two stores with

the exception of the main town hall. The main administrative

buildings could be built up to the maximum

height ,whereas the supporting ancillary functions

common to the whole could be ground plus one, lower

and less important structures that could be interspersed

between the main buildings.

68

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


concept of green spaces

The administrative belt has along it´s entire length a

contact to the urban landscape. On the inner side is

the lake and the Matrimandir gardens.

On the outer side is a park.

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 69


11 habitat belt


habitat belt

Administrative zone is to accommodate housing for

1500 persons(Habitat)

to prevent deserted areas of the city at night.

Between the two belts of ground plus two and occasionally

three floor high buildings, there is a wide and

continuous relief space of green. This space will also

accommodate the necessary common infrastructural

support for both sides, the Administartive Area and

the Habitat, such as waste water treatment plants

etc. but in such a way that the spirit remains to be

like a public park or garden.

72

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


components

housing areas

service buildings

An underground vehicular access will penetrate into

the city-center area from the crown road leading to

common basement parking points for the habitat belt

located under each of the areas assigned for common

facilities of the habitat buildings .

The habitat buildings will be internally served through

a lively street with buildings on either side and spilling

on to public open spaces.

Smaller gardens will occur between buildings of an intimate

scale while the two parks on either side of the

habitat belts will take care of green spaces common to

the entire residential area.

There will be 4 sectors of housing areas which will be

ground + 2 and occationally 3.

In between these sectors are triangular spaces that accomodate

the common facility buildings for the above

sectors. For example parking , provisions, laundries,

and cafeteria.

green and open spaces extend from the street on

either side between buildings as public spaces

points of underground parkings

internal street providing access to houses

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 73


area statements

D

C

B

A

74

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


space calculations

A

B

C

D

plotarea

5,342.46 sqm

10,409.44 sqm

13,294.00 sqm

14,890.10 sqm

groundcoverage 50

2,671.23 sqm

5,204.70 sqm

6,647.00 sqm

7,445.05 sqm

usable area 65% per floor

1,736.30 sqm

3,383.10 sqm

4,310.60 sqm

4,839.30 sqm

usable area over 3.5 floors

6,077.00 sqm

11,841.00 sqm

15,122.00 sqm

16,938.00 sqm

common facilities within cluster

8 sqm/person

1,519.00 sqm

2,960.00 sqm

3,781.00 sqm

4,235.00 sqm

available residencial usable area

4,558.00 sqm

8,881.00 sqm

11,341.00 sqm

12,703.00 sqm

couples: 60 sqm/apartment,

40 of area

1,519 sqm (26 apartments)

2,960 sqm (50 apartments)

3,780 sqm (63 apartments)

4,234 sqm (70 apartments)

singles: 30 sqm/apartment,

40 of area

1,519 sqm (51 apartments)

2,960 sqm (100 apartments)

3,780 sqm (126 apartments)

4,234 sqm (140 apartments)

families: 90 sqm/apartment,

20 of area

1,823 sqm (20 apartments)

3,552 sqm (40 apartments)

4,536 sqm (51 apartments)

5,081 sqm (57 apartments)

number of residents

183

360

456

508

TOTAL NUMBER OF RESIDENTS

1,507 PEOPLE

37

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 75


design guidelines

habitat belt:

ground floor +1/+2

76

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


design guidelines

The following urban design guidelines and architectural

features common to all buildings in this area are

recommended:

1 - massing

The buildings of the habitat area should be readable as

a coherent and unified mass rather than single standing

buil dings. For this it is recommended to

have a ground coverage of 50. The unbuilt spaces

should form positive outdoor public spaces instead of

being mere left over spaces.

2 - heights

Habitat buildings will be ground + 2 floors or 3 floors

uniformly distributed. Basement spaces may be provided

for services if found necessary. Common facility

buildings could be groundfloor only or ground + 1.

3 - building edges and setbacks

Along both edges of the length of the plot, buildings

must touch the plot edge, whereas on the side facing

the inner street the buildings maybe setback from the

street if desired.

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 77


views / vistas

The access ways into the Matrimandir are extended visually

through the administrative belt to elongate the

visual openings into the landscape.

These ways provide transparency to the park and further

beyond into the habitat belt. The residents from

the habitat belt can easily access these vistas through

the triangular common facility spaces.

78

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


concept of green and open spaces

The habitat belt has along it´s entire length a contact

to the urban landscape on both sides. On the inner

side is the park of the administrative area and on the

outer side is a park framed by the vocational training

buildings and the habitat.

Between buildings are well framed open spaces that

contain outdoor activity and public life.

green spaces

open spaces

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 79


12 cirhu


C.I.R.H.U

At one end of the Administrative Area is located the

Centre for International Research in Human Unity

(CIRHU) complex, which itself is seen as the concentration

of research done within Auroville (Cultural

Zone), and relevant research done in the rest of the

world (International Zone). Thus CIRHU, envisaged

as the interface between Auroville and the world, is

located at the convergence of the two above-mentioned

zones.

Legend:

A1

A2

B

C

D

82

section ‘analysis and action’

section ‘research and experimantation’

Auroville international zone

Auroville cultural zone

international centres

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


concept

CIRHU presents itself as a centre of work of exchange

and of permanent meetings. All the participants of

the concerned countries and of the NGO’s will meet

regularly an the occasion of different symposia or

conferences and the annual plenary meetings.

Program of the buildings:

- conference room to seat 2500 persons

- 2 multi-purpose conference rooms of 300 seats

each

- exhibition space

- library and a centre of documentation

- workshop room for the section “analysis and ac

tion”

- 4 rooms for the section “research and experimenta

tion” with spaces reserved for the study centers

and their laboratories.

- coordinating space

- cafeteria

- hotel for 100 persons.

- “press” centre

- administrative quarter

- technical services and parking

19

4

6 7

5

8

9

12

14

14

10

15

18

11

9 12

16

1. Arrival 10. Restaurant

2. Information 11. Auditorium service

3. Entrance 12. Lounge

4. Panoramic promenade 13. Exhibition

5. Hotel 14. Cafe

6. Hall 15. Main cascade

7. Lift 16. Small cascade

8. Auditorium Entrance/cafe 17. Fountain

9. Auditorium 2000 people 18. Panoramic Terrace

1 Arrival

2 Information

3 Entrance

10 Restaurant

11 Auditorium service

12 Lounge

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 83


13 vocational training area


vocational training area

The vocational training area is planned to be an holistic

school cum industry where students and teachers

would live and work together in an uplifting environ

as in the earlier days of education in India.

Assigned 6,7 hectares having research institutions

including laboratories , it will not be a dead zone in

the evenings as in the case of some cities where such

zones are strictly unipurpose. The residences and

other services and activities will give life to this part

even after its actual active hours.

86

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


circulation

underground parking

delivery road during specific timings

An underground vehicular access penetrates into the

city centre from the crown road leading to a common

basement parking for the vocational training area.

3 radial service roads enters below the high rise buildings

of the industrial zone of which one will continue

onwards further into the city centre’s administrative

area.

The buildings of the vocational training area are internally

served through a lively pedestrian ‘street’ with

buildings on each side, and occasionally spilling on to

open public spaces.

In addition shaded and occasionally raised walkways

and ramps provide vertical connection to the ‘streets’

on the upper levels.

The vocational training area is well linked to the city’s

green network so that all buildings are also provided

direct access to pedestrian and bicyclists who prefer to

use these routes.

internal street connecting buildings and public spaces

shaded and raised walkway

connection to the cities green network

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 87


distribution of spaces

1. Service buildings- There are distinct spaces ear

marked for service buildings which will contain storage

rooms, parking for bicycles, gardening and building

maintenance tools, etc will be well located close

to the streets.

2. Large scale uses- Buildings for large scale spaces

such as large workshops, auditoriums, lecture halls,

cafeteria, recreational areas etc, are distributed along

the internal ‘street’ that passes through the vocational

training belt. They are connected well to large scale

courtyards and the green areas.

3. Small scale uses- Such buildings, will accommodate

the quieter spaces needed for creative work such as

libraries, design studios and individual research areas.

On one side they will have contact to the street but on

the other side they will overlook the large park.

Residential spaces: Hostel accommodation will be provided

for 80 students studying here as well 20 staff

members will be integrated in the upper floors of the

large scale buildings.

1

3 2

88

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


space calculations

vocational training centre

total plot area 67,082 sqm

max. groundcoverage 45

total building footprint 30,186 sqm

service buildings

footprint

6,037 sqm

(20 of total building footprint)

useable area per floor 4,925 sqm

(65 of footprint)

pedestrian spaces

green open spaces

20,125 sqm

(30 of plot area)

16,770 sqm

(25 of plot area)

total useable area over 11,775 sqm

an average of 3 floors

large scale uses

service buildings

footprint

10,565 sqm

(35 of total building footprint)

useable area per floor 6,867 sqm

(65 of footprint)

total useable area over 20,601 sqm

an average of 3 floors

small scale uses

footprint

13,583 sqm

(45 of total building footprint)

useable area per floor 8,829 sqm

(65 of footprint)

large scale use / common work spaces

small scale use / individual work spaces

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 89


design guidelines

The following urban design guidelines and architectural

features common to all buildings in this area are

recommended:

1 - massing

The buildings of the vocational training area should be

readable as a compact mass rather than single-standing

buildings. For this it is recommended to have a

ground coverage of 45. The unbuilt spaces should

form positive outdoor public spaces instead of being

mere leftover spaces. They would rather appear to be

punctures in this compact mass.

2 - heights

The buildings will have an average height of ground +2

floors. This means that there will be a varying height

from ground + 1 to ground + 3. The western part

towards the CIRHU will tend to be low rise and low

impact (here is less connection to the road) and areas

on the east towards the high rise office buildings will

tend to be higher.

3 - building edges and setbacks

The buildings will touch the plot limits approximately

50 of the plot boundary facing edges. The rest of the

building edges maybe setback to form positive outdoor

pedestrian or green spaces as the case may be.

4 - bridges/walkways

The buildings maybe interconnected in places through

ramps, bridges and walkways linking them to the interior

pedestrian streets. Walkways may sometimes be

shaded as necessary or possible for encourage interbuilding

circulation.

section through vocational training centre

(office block of industrial zone in the background)

90

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


concept of green and open spaces

On the south side the area will be facing the park

through its entire length.

On the north side, the buildings would face the gardens

enclosed on their other sides by the crown buildings

and the offices of the industrial zone.

Between the gardens and the park there will be a combination

of paved outdoor spaces and gardens for serving

the recreational needs of the vocational training

area.

green spaces

open spaces

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 91


14 offices of the industrial zone


“the lines of force“ office blocks

The office buildings in the industrial zones are located

in 4 oblong structures, originally named „The Lines Of

Force“ in the Masterplan from 1968. These structures

combine the outer zone with the city centre by bridging

the crown road and partially penetrating the vocational

training centre.

In the following description the single structures are

referred to as no. 1-4. All design statements concentrate

on the part of the buildings which lie within the

borders of the city centre.

3

2

1

4

94

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


circulation

service roads on ground level

pedestrian space on ground level

Circulation: 3 radial service roads enter below the high

rise office buildings of the industrial zone of which one

will continue onwards further into the city centre’s administrative

area. These roads will connect to collective

parking areas and service areas that need access

to a road.

Internal pedestrian streets alongside the service roads

will connect the public space of the office area to the

public space of the vocational training area. Along these

streets cafes, exhibition spaces and other recreational

spaces will be provided to take care of the social

needs of the users of both areas together. These will

also be well linked to the green spaces enclosed within

the office blocks, the crown and the vocational training

buildings.

In addition upper level connections will be provided

from various levels of the office buildings to the roof

terraces of the vocational training buildings through

walkways and bridges in such a way that these terraces

are also sometimes directly accessible from the

street with in the vocational block.

The office blocks are well linked to the city’s green

network on the southern side so that all buildings are

also provided direct access to pedestrian and bicyclists

who prefer to use these routes.

public facilities on ground level

roof terraces linked to office buildings 1-3

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 95


distribution of built spaces

level -1

Basements will accommodate storage rooms, parking,

gardening and building maintenance rooms, etc.

Residential accommodation

Each office block will provide some residential units to

accommodate 150 residents as follows:

level ground

Public spaces which provide services for the area as a

whole and not only to the office block. For example:

cafes, auditoriums, exhibition spaces, shops, restaurants

etc.

Block 1: 60 people

Block 2: 30 people

Block 3: 35 people

Block 4: 25 people

4

3

2

1

level +1

Common facilities and Reception Areas on the first

floor: Office buildings will house their own large scale

spaces such as auditoriums, lecture halls, seminar

rooms, cafeteria, and recreational areas etc, on the

first floor. They may spill on to terraces at the roof of

the vocational buildings.

level +2

Offices spaces and floor level facilities: will be housed

second floor onwards

level -1 level ground level +1 level +2

96

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


design guidelines

The following design guidelines and architectural features

are recommended for this area:

1. Massing:

The office buildings of the industrial zone within the

city center will be readable as vertical blocks that are

higher towards the city center and reduce progressively

towards the crown continuing even further reducing

as they radiate out into the industrial zone proper to

progressively diminish and scatter into ground floor

large scale spaces for manufacturing. These will tower

over the much lower vocational training block and intersect

through the crown building facilities. A ground

coverage percentage of 75 is considered to permit

the necessary light and ventilation in the upper levels.

Hanging gardens, and terraces must intersperse the

blocks providing due relief while maintaining the urban

form.

2. Heights:

The 4 blocks contained within the city center area will

have an average heights of 8,6,7, and 5 levels respectively

spread over the entire ‘Line of Force’ blocks envisaged

in the Industrial Area. At the highest points it is

presently projected to have 12,11,9, and respectively

8 for the 4 office blocks. As the city develops and better

data is available of the required space for offices,

the building heights must be reviewed and adjusted.

3. Building Edges and Setbacks:

Buildings will extend to touch the plot line mostly except

for the relief provided by ventilation courtyards

as per the architectural concept.

sketches from Roger Anger

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 97


total plot area: 21,739 sqm total plot area: 21,739 sqm

plot area city centre: 6,716 sqm plot area city centre: 6,716 sqm

plot area industrial zone:15,023 plot sqm area industrial zone:15,023 sqm

(inc. crown road) (inc. crown road)

total plot area: 18.971 sqm total plot area: 18.971 sqm

plot area city centre: 4.511 sqm plot area city centre: 4.511 sqm

plot area industrial zone:14.460 plot sqm area industrial zone:14.460 sqm

(inc. crown road) (inc. crown road)

space calculations

ground floor

ground floor

top view

top view

1,121 sqm

2,415 sqm

3,893 sqm

5,565 sqm

6,716 sqm

section

647 sqm

1,590 sqm

2,836 sqm

4,511 sqm

section

total plot area

21,739 sqm

plot area city centre: 6,716 sqm

plot area industrial zone: 15,023 sqm

(inc. crown road)

total plot area

18,971 sqm

plot area city centre: 4,511 sqm

plot area industrial zone: 14,460 sqm

(inc. crown road)

Office Block 1

average 8 levels, 12 levels at the highest point

1.121 sqm

2.415 sqm

3.893 sqm

1.121 sqm

5.565 sqm

2.415 sqm

6.716 sqm (x8)

total plot area city centre

service roads (18 of plot area)

pedestrian spaces (52 of plot area)

public service spaces (30 of plot area)

maximum ground coverage

total building footprint

3.893 sqm

5.565 sqm

6.716 sqm (x8)

built up areas

useable area ground floor (65% of 2,015)

useable area per floor (65% of footprint)

useable area over 7 upper floors of full foot print

useable area on 8th floor (65% of 75% of 5,565 sqm)

useable area on 9th floor (65% of 75% of 3,893 sqm)

useable area on 10th floor (65% of 75% of 2,415 sqm)

useable area on 11th floor (65% of 75% of 1,121 sqm)

6,716 sqm

1,208 sqm

3,492 sqm

2,015 sqm

75

5,037 sqm

1,309 sqm

4,925 sqm

34,475 sqm

2,711 sqm

1,897 sqm

1,177 sqm

546 sqm

647 sqm

1.590 sqm

Office Block 2

average 7 levels, 11 levels at the highest point

647 sqm

1.590 sqm

2.836 sqm 2.836 sqm

1.238 sqm

4.511 sqm (x8) 4.511 sqm (x8)

2.782

total plot area city centre

4,511 sqm

service roads (20 of plot area)

971 sqm

pedestrian spaces (50 of plot area)

2,255 sqm

public service spaces (30 of plot area)

1,353 sqm

maximum ground coverage

75

total building footprint

3,383 sqm

built up areas

useable area ground floor (65% of 1,353)

879 sqm

useable area per floor (65% of footprint)

2,199 sqm

useable area over 7 upper floors of full foot print

15,393 sqm

useable area on 8th floor (65% of 75% of 2,836 sqm) 1,382 sqm

useable area on 9th floor (65% of 75% of 1,590 sqm) 775 sqm

useable area on 10th floor (65% of 75% of 647 sqm) 315 sqm

total useable area

42,115 sqm

total useable area

18,744 sqm

98

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


(inc. crown road)

(inc. crown road)

plot area city centre: plot 1.400 area sqm city centre: 1.400 sqm

plot area industrial zone:8.199 plot area industrial sqm zone:8.199 sqm

(inc. crown road) (inc. crown road)

space calculations

ground floor

ground floor

top view

top view

1,238 sqm

2,782 sqm

4,714 sqm

5,948 sqm

section

911 sqm

1,400 sqm

section

total plot area

plot area city centre:

plot area industrial zone:

(inc. crown road)

23,143 sqm

5,948 sqm

17,194 sqm

total plot area

9,599 sqm

plot area city centre: 1,400 sqm

plot area industrial zone: 8,199 sqm

(inc. crown road)

1.238 sqm

Office Block 3

1.238 sqm

2.782 sqm

2.782 sqm

4.714sqm

4.714sqm

5.948 sqm (x6)

5.948 sqm (x6)

average 6 levels, 9 levels at the highest point

total plot area

service roads (18 of plot area)

pedestrian spaces (52 of plot area)

public service spaces (30 of plot area)

maximum ground coverage

total building footprint

5,948sqm

1,070 sqm

3,092 sqm

1,784 sqm

75

4,461 sqm

911 sqm

1.400 sqm (x7)

911 sqm

1.400 sqm (x7)

Office Block 4

average 5 levels, 8 levels at the highest point

total plot area city centre

pedestrian spaces (50 of plot area)

public service spaces (50 of plot area)

1,400sqm

700 sqm

700 sqm

built up areas

useable area ground floor (65% of 1,784)

useable area per floor (65% of footprint)

useable area over 5 upper floors of full foot print

useable area on 7th floor (65% of 75% of 4,714 sqm)

useable area on 8th floor (65% of 75% of 2,782 sqm)

useable area on 9th floor (65% of 75% of 1,238 sqm)

1,160 sqm

2,899 sqm

14,498 sqm

2,298 sqm

1,356 sqm

603 sqm

maximum ground coverage

total building footprint

built up areas

useable area ground floor (65% of 700)

useable area per floor (65% of footprint)

useable area over 6 upper floors of full foot print

useable area on 7th floor (65% of 75% of 911 sqm)

75

1,050 sqm

455 sqm

682 sqm

4,095 sqm

444 sqm

total useable area

19,915 sqm

total useable area

4,994 sqm

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 99


15 international zone


international zone

102

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


circulation and pavilion areas

Circulation: a radial service road enters the international

zone from the west and connects the crown road

with the CIRHU. During a specific timing it is open for

delivery vehicles, the other time it can be used as a

pedestrian entrance to the CIRHU.

A pedestrian spine connects all the buildings in the

international zone.

The international zone inside the crown is divided into

an american (1) and an australian sector (2).

service road pedestrian spine pavilions

2

1

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 103


16 residential zone


esidential area

This area will be a site of material and social research

in sustainable and collective living. Building and infrastructure

technologies aimed at cutting down energy

consumption, both in the production of the building

materials and of the building themselves, as well as

wastewater recycling and rainwater catchment will

be devised and tested.

A population of 1250 residents is envisaged in the

residential zone falling within the city centre area although

residents will also be accommodated in other

areas of the city centre in keeping with the mixed use

concept of the city.

The complete population will be clustered in 2 ‘Line

of Force’ blocks that penetrate the city centre after

crossing the crown. The residential blocks that are

high towards the outer ring road, progressively reduce

to meet the ground as they approach the Matrimandir

Area. As such the terraces of these blocks

overlook the Matrimandir and the surrounding lake,

and in the innermost area, they are only ground floor

high.

The development policies will include:

-Limiting living space per person to a maximum of 30

sqm

-A range of densities and parameters for architectural

language and layout for site planning

-The total built space to be not more than 45 of the

total area leaving 55% for green spaces viz: parks,

gardens

-Use of eco-friendly practices in water and waste management

recycling and re-use of resources

-Design of local access roads primarily for pedestrian

and cycle

-Landscape around the built spaces to be inaccordance

with the green parameters specially designated

for the area

106

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


circulation

A radial service road enters below the Block 1 and

ends in a service area where parking and other facilities

are located.

Internally the units are served through a lively pedestrian

‘street’ with buildings on each side, and occasionally

spilling on to open public spaces.

In addition shaded and occasionally raised walkways

and ramps provide horizontal and vertical connection

to the facilities of adjacent blocks and the ‘streets’ on

the upper levels.

The residential area is well linked to the city’s green

network on all three sides except the side that is interrupted

by the crown, so that all buildings are also

provided direct access to pedestrian and bicyclists who

prefer to use these routes.

service road pedestrian space connection to green space

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 107


distribution of built spaces

2

1

legend

common facilities

residential units

108

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


space calculations

Block 1

total plot area

service road(10 of plot area)

pedestrian spaces (20 of plot area)

green open spaces (20 of plot area)

maximum ground coverage

total building footprint

built up areas

common facilities

footprint (20 of total building footprint)

useable area per floor (65% of footprint)

total useable area over an average of 3 floors

residential units

footprint (80 of total building footprint)

useable area per floor (65% of footprint)

total useable area over an average of 3 floors

number of residents considering 30 sqm per

person for singles and couples and

22.5 for families of 4

26,585 sqm

2,658 sqm

5,317 sqm

5,317 sqm

60

15,951 sqm

3,190 sqm

2,073 sqm

6,220 sqm

12,760 sqm

8,294 sqm

24,882 sqm

995 persons

Block 2

total plot area

pedestrian spaces (30 of plot area)

green open spaces (20 of plot area)

maximum ground coverage

total building footprint

built up areas

common facilities

footprint (20 of total building footprint)

useable area per floor (65% of footprint)

total useable area over an average of 3 floors

residential units

footprint (80 of total building footprint)

useable area per floor (65% of footprint)

total useable area over an average of 3 floors

number of residents considering 30 sqm per

person for singles and couples and

22.5 for families of 4

9,082 sqm

2,725 sqm

1,817 sqm

50

4,541 sqm

908 sqm

590 sqm

1,770 sqm

3,632 sqm

2,361 sqm

7,082 sqm

283 persons

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 109


model study

110

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


design guidelines

The following urban design guidelines and architectural

features common to all buildings in this area are

recommended:

1 - massing

The residential buildings of the residential zone within

the city center will be readable as unified blocks that

are low towards the city center and increase progressively

towards the crown continuing even further as

they radiate out into the residential zone proper.

2 - heights

The 2 blocks contained within the city center area will

have an average heights of 2 and 3 levels respectively.

Toward the crown they will reach maximum heights of

3 and 4 levels respectively.

3 - building edges and setbacks

Buildings will extend to touch the plot line mostly except

for the relief provided by ventilation courtyards

as per the architectural concept.

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 111


17 cultural zone


cultural zone

The Cultural Area in the City Centre is planned for 93

hectares, situated to the east Matrimandir Area and

bounded north and south by Mahakali and Mahalakshmi

parks.

114

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


circulation

access roads

toy train

One short access road penetrates into the city centre

from the crown road leading to a pavilion and waiting

area for 300 children aged 4 to 7 years going to the

15 kindergartens situated here. This is where they will

be brought and thereafter there will be no vehicular

traffic inside the kindergarten campus. Three other

access roads enter the area of the faculties and stop

at parking areas that restrict vehicular traffic in the

campus, even if the vehicles are non polluting. A fifth

short access road enters the schools in the B zone of

the cultural zone within the crown.

A toy train will bring the 300 children to the different

kindergartens on the campus and will be a special

slow moving, safe and fun transport exclusively for the

children. Staff will use bicycles or park vehicles in the

closest part of the crown area parking and enter directly

through the green network. In the case of emergencies

slow electric vehicles will be permitted along

the pedestrian ways.

A recreational pathway winds around the theme gardens

of the kindergarten and meet with the lake promenade.

Each of the distinct gardens will be thus linked

and shared by all children.

Pedestrian streets will closely interconnect the faculty

buildings and the school buildings through the collective

urban public spaces and gardens.

The buildings of the cultural area are well linked to

the city’s green network so that all buildings are also

provided direct access to pedestrian and bicyclists who

prefer to use these routes.

recreational pathway

pedestrian streets

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 115


distribution of built spaces

The subzones of the cultural zone in the context of the

educational concept foreseen

The cultural zone will focus on educational development

of Auroville’s residents which will be distributed

in the city according to the following concept.

Creches: 2 to 4 years

Creches will be distributed throughout the city adjacent

to the residences and accommodate 20 children

each. 1 creche will be provided per 1000 residents and

40 creches will accordingly be spread in the residential

zone.

The habitat belt in the administrative area will have a

crèche for 30 children.

Kindergartens: 4 to 7 years

30 of the kindergartens, with 35 children capacity

each will be located in area A of the cultural zone falling

within the city, and 70 spread over the residential

zone. Thus there will be 15 kindergartens of 35

children capacity within the city center area.

E

B

C

D

Schools: 7 to 15 years

All the schools will be located in area B of the cultural

zone. A small part of B lies within the city center and

the younger children will be accommodated

F3

F4

Faculties: 15 or 17 to 25 years

Faculties of further study and research will be grouped

according to the following:

1. Psychic

2. Mental

3. Vital

4. Physical

F1

F2

While they will each have their focus, they will be convey

an integrated campus for higher education.

Residences: Staff quarters will be accommodated and

distributed through out the cultural zone. Zone A for

kindergartens will house 20 people and the faculties

will provide accommodation for 30 persons.

A

Subzones of Education in the City Center

A: Kinder gartens

B: Schools

F: Faculties

(F1- Psychic, F2 Mental, F3 Vital, F4 Physical)

E: Vocational training

116

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


space calculations

The cultural zone lying with in the city center occupies 93 hectares

and is situated to the east and south of the Matrimandir amidst the

Mahakali and Mahalakshmi parks.

Total Plot Area

Sub Zone A

plot area

maximum ground coverage

total buildings footprint

useable area per floor (65% of footprint)

total useable area over an average of 2 floors

Sub Zone Faculty 1

plot area

maximum ground coverage

total buildings footprint

useable area per floor (65% of footprint)

total useable area over an average of 2 floors

Sub Zone Faculty 2

plot area

maximum ground coverage

total buildings footprint

useable area per floor (65% of footprint)

total useable area over an average of 2 floors

Sub Zone Faculty 3

plot area

maximum ground coverage

total buildings footprint

useable area per floor (65% of footprint)

total useable area over an average of 3 floors

Sub Zone B

plot area

maximum ground coverage

total buildings footprint

useable area per floor (65% of footprint)

total useable area over an average of 2 floors

242,000 sqm

125,000 sqm

20

25,000 sqm

16,250 sqm

32,500 sqm

27,000 sqm

20

5,400 sqm

3,510 sqm

7,200 sqm

44,000 sqm

20

8,800 sqm

5,720 sqm

11,440 sqm

20,000 sqm

10

2,000 sqm

1,300 sqm

3,900 sqm

26,000 sqm

20

5,200 sqm

3,380 sqm

6,760 sqm

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 117


concept of open and green spaces

Kindergarten in Sub Zone A:

The kindergartens will be spread out generously along

the lake edge. They will be contained within the parks

of the city and the city’s green network will therefore

directly reach each building from all sides.

Each kindergarten will be situated with a theme garden

so that children can recognise the identity of each

building and its distinct garden. These gardens are a

very important component of this zone, in order to

hold together the widespread buildings in a unified

campus. The scale of the garden will keep always the

scale of the child in mind and there will be street furniture

and trees to their scale throughout.

The themes explored will be rich in stimulating sensory

perceptions while being simultaneously educational.

The themes will be for example: Garden of Smell,

focussing on fragrances of distinct plants, Garden of

Touch: focussing on textures of plants and pavings,

Garden of Food with edible plants, Garden of Medicinal

Plants, Garden of Water and Water plants, Garden of

Sounds with installations and different fountains etc.

F2

F3

Faculties in Sub Zone F:

The faculties will be surrounded by the green network

on all three sides with the crown on the east side. The

children will be able therefore to access all buildings

safely through the green network either on foot or bicycles.

Structured gardens between buildings will hold

together the campus.

F1

A

118

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


design guidelines

The following design guidelines and architectural features

are recommended for this area:

1. Massing: The buildings of the cultural area are

stand alone buildings situated in structured gardens

so that they appear to have the feeling of very low

density, particularly the buildings of the kinder garten.

The structured gardens maintain the unity and connection

to other buildings on the campus.

2. Heights: Buildings will have an average height

of Ground +1 floors. This means that there will be a

varying height from ground only to ground + 1om the

kindergarten area to ground + 2 in the area of faculties

and schools towards the crown.

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 119


eferences and project team


18 references


sources

Auroville Masterplan

Project proposal by Roger Anger, 1968

Auroville Universal Township Masterplan: Perspective

2025

Jointly prepared by Auroville Foundation and Town and

Country Planning Organisation, Government of India,

Ministry of Urban Development and Poverty Alleviation,

2001(approved by HRD Ministry on 12.04.2001)

Guidelines for Integrated Urban and Rural Lanscaping

in Auroville

Helge Jung, May 2001

Auroville Mobility Concept

Planungsbüro Billinger, August 2001

Auroville Universal Township Masterplan 2004: Directions

for Growth

Project proposal part of “Auroville Innovative Urban

Management” project No. IND-015 of the Asia Urbs

project of the European Commission, 2003

Prefeasibility study on Water Supply, Storm Water Management

for the City of Auroville

Study by Harald Kraft, Feb 2003

C.I.R.H.U.

Auroville’s Future, 2003

Auroville City Center

Proposal by Anupama Kundoo, February 2004

Auroville City Center

Proposal by Auroville’s Future, 2005

Auroville Mobility

Auroville’s Future, February 2005

Administrative Area, Auroville

Project proposal by Anupama Kundoo, 01.02.2006

Auroville Townhall

Project proposal by Anupama Kundoo, 15.02.2007

122

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007


project team

Project Proposal by: Anupama Kundoo, Architect

Petite Ferme, Auroville 605101, India

Hufeland Str. 33, 10407 Berlin, Germany

Project Team:

Anne Pind

Isabel Martinez Abascal

Josephine Hansen

Martin Schliefer

Submitted on: 25.08.07

AUROVILLE CITY CENTRE_PROPOSAL 2007 123

Hooray! Your file is uploaded and ready to be published.

Saved successfully!

Ooh no, something went wrong!