British Breeder Magazine May 2021

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<strong>May</strong> <strong>2021</strong><br />

The Brexit effect on foal<br />

registrations –<br />

what does it mean?<br />

Futurity, Auction and<br />

Equine Bridge<br />

An introduction to DNA<br />

Vet insight:<br />

Ultrasound scanning<br />

<strong>Breeder</strong> Spotlight:<br />

Breen Equestrian<br />

Feature: PSSM2 –<br />

New studies into<br />

muscle disease<br />


TRIED &<br />




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Backed by unique hands-on practical knowledge and nutritional support<br />

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MADE IN<br />

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BAILEYS HORSE FEEDS - Racing Specialist - Simon Venner 07977 441 571 Tel: 01371 850 247<br />

www.baileyshorsefeeds.co.uk<br />


EXPERTS IN STUD NUTRITION. For problem solving advice<br />

Tel: +44 (0)1371 850247 (option 2) nutrition@baileyshorsefeeds.co.uk www.baileyshorsefeeds.co.uk

<strong>May</strong> Issue - Index<br />

Welcome from the editor<br />

Cover<br />

RFW U-Got-The-Look (by U-Genius, out<br />

of Wioletta), bred by Ruth Warrington.<br />

Production<br />

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Legal Notice<br />

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time of going to print the information in this<br />

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otherwise circulated in any form or binding or cover<br />

other than that in which it is published.<br />

Welcome to the <strong>May</strong> issue.<br />

This issue would not be complete<br />

without paying tribute to Prince Philip,<br />

Duke of Edinburgh. He was, without<br />

doubt, a true horseman whose<br />

achievements have been widely<br />

reported, but he also understood the<br />

need for progress in equestrian sport<br />

and was influential as former president<br />

of the FEI. His love of equestrian sport<br />

lives on through the endeavours and<br />

achievements of younger generations of<br />

royals, and the horse world is the better<br />

for it.<br />

As we closed the magazine, we were<br />

shocked to learn of the passing of Tim<br />

Holderness-Roddam, a great supporter<br />

of eventing and sport horse breeding<br />

and a huge loss to the equestrian world.<br />

We offer our sympathies to Jane, his<br />

family and the team at West Kington<br />

Stud.<br />

As the country is relaxing from Covid<br />

restrictions, many of our number are<br />

engrossed in the important business of<br />

delivering this year’s crop of new born<br />

foals and planning the next generation<br />

of sport horses. Our recent webinars on<br />

Foaling the Mare, along with our<br />

successful Virtual Stallion Event are a<br />

great reference, especially for those less<br />

Contents<br />

4-6<br />

8-11<br />

12-14<br />

16-17<br />

18-29<br />

32<br />

34-35<br />

37-39<br />

43-45<br />

46-47<br />

48<br />

50-51<br />

53<br />

54<br />

56-57<br />

Discipline and Breeding News<br />

Obituries<br />

Brexit News & National Equine Forum<br />

Baileys <strong>British</strong> Breeding Futurity & Equine Bridge<br />

Studbook News<br />

Feature - Inside Nasta<br />

Feature - Preparing For Foaling<br />

<strong>Breeder</strong> Spotlight - Breen Equestrian<br />

Feature - DNA: Testing in Breeding<br />

Feature - PSSM2: Muscle disease<br />

Product Feature - Stable Shield<br />

Nutrition Feature - Spillers Feeds<br />

Feature - Westgate Labs<br />

Product News<br />

Vet Feature - Ultrasound of the broodmare<br />

experienced breeders, and the<br />

webinars can all be watched again on<br />

our website.<br />

Having bred your beautiful youngster,<br />

your next step will be to think about<br />

entering this year’s Baileys Horse Feeds<br />

<strong>British</strong> Breeding Futurity Evaluations.<br />

With both physical venues and virtual<br />

options available this year, it has never<br />

been easier to get your youngsters<br />

assessed by our panel of renowned<br />

international evaluators and veterinary<br />

and nutrition team. Full details of plans<br />

for the <strong>British</strong> Breeding Futurity and<br />

Equine Bridge <strong>2021</strong> are in this issue.<br />

Dr Jonathan Pycock offers us more<br />

advice on preparing your mare for<br />

foaling in this issue, along with timely<br />

advice on scanning your mare from<br />

Rossdales. We also take a look behind<br />

the scenes at Breen Equestrian in<br />

our breeder profile. Dr Eva Broomer<br />

explains the complexities of the current<br />

situation regarding foal registrations<br />

with European Studbooks. We also get<br />

an introduction to DNA and explore the<br />

current situation with the muscle disease<br />

PSSM2.<br />

We wish you well this breeding season,<br />

and look forward to seeing you in<br />

person before too long.<br />


News<br />

Leadership appointments at <strong>British</strong> Equestrian<br />

<strong>British</strong> Equestrian has appointed Jim<br />

Eyre as new Chief Executive to lead the<br />

organisation, while Malcom Wharton<br />

has been formally appointed Chairman<br />

for a four year term.<br />

Jim Eyre joins equestrian sport from the<br />

elite world of rugby, where he spent<br />

over five years with Premiership team<br />

Harlequins FC, initially as Commercial<br />

Operations Director before promotion to<br />

Chief Operating Officer, a position he<br />

held for three years. Responsible for a<br />

large core staff and a key member of the<br />

Senior Management Team, Jim oversaw<br />

the operational delivery of all aspects of<br />

the club’s stadium with significant<br />

budgetary responsibility. He was<br />

instrumental in successfully delivering<br />

key projects including building the<br />

Community Department, developing The<br />

Harlequins Foundation, delivering an IT<br />

and digital strategy, building the club’s<br />

woman and girls programme to create a<br />

pathway from grassroots to elite<br />

international rugby, and diversification of<br />

the venue to drive revenue.<br />

Prior to joining Harlequins, Jim spent 25<br />

years in the military, in a variety of roles<br />

including Squadron Leader of the Blues<br />

and Royals Mounted Squadron and<br />

Commanding Officer of The Household<br />

Cavalry Regiment. His current role is with<br />

England Rugby as a Project Officer to<br />

spearhead the sport’s COVID recovery<br />

programme and help Premiership clubs<br />

to comply with guidance and legislation<br />

in order for the sport to continue.<br />

Having grown up in Lambourn Valley,<br />

equestrian pursuits featured heavily in<br />

Jim’s youth and he was an avid Pony<br />

Club member, taking part in a wide<br />

variety of disciplines. He went on to join<br />

the Army, where his horsemanship focus<br />

changed considerably and<br />

leadership skills flourished with<br />

responsibility for various sized teams,<br />

regularly in complex and high-pressure<br />

operational environments.<br />

“I am thrilled and honoured to have<br />

been appointed as Chief Executive of<br />

<strong>British</strong> Equestrian, and I look forward to<br />

working with the BEF team and all the<br />

member bodies to help grow<br />

equestrianism and horse welfare in the<br />

UK. It is clear that there are as many<br />

challenges as there are opportunities,<br />

and a key focus must be to help the<br />

sector recover from COVID-19, as well<br />

as to minimise the impact of Brexit.<br />

Looking forward to the summer, with the<br />

pandemic hopefully behind us and the<br />

delayed Tokyo Games underway, it<br />

should be a hugely exciting time for the<br />

sport and industry.” Jim will formally start<br />

his role on 6 April and Iain Graham,<br />

who has been acting as Interim Chief<br />

Executive since October 2019, will continue<br />

to provide overarching support for<br />

the World Class Programme. Iain<br />

Jim Eyre, new Chief Executive<br />

will work with Performance Director<br />

Richard Waygood and his team to best<br />

prepare our athletes to compete at the<br />

Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic Games<br />

alongside his role as CEO for <strong>British</strong><br />

Showjumping. Malcolm Wharton CBE<br />

has been confirmed formally in the<br />

position of Chairman of the <strong>British</strong><br />

Equestrian Board for a four-year term<br />

with full support from UK Sport.<br />

Malcolm, working closely with Iain, has<br />

provided strong leadership and direction<br />

for <strong>British</strong> Equestrian since he took over<br />

the role on an interim basis in October<br />

2019 and has managed the<br />

organisation through the COVID crisis,<br />

providing stability and playing an<br />

essential part of securing our funding for<br />

the Paris Olympic and Paralympic cycle.<br />

FEI enhances horse<br />

traceability in EHV-1<br />

Return to Competition<br />

measures<br />

The FEI has added new modules to the<br />

FEI HorseApp to monitor key mandatory<br />

requirements in the Return To<br />

Competition measures that allowed for a<br />

safe resumption of international sport in<br />

mainland Europe from 12 April.<br />

Key areas covered by the Return to<br />

Competition protocols, which were<br />

launched on 30 March, include<br />

advance PCR testing (for certain<br />

designated events only), temperature<br />

monitoring of horses as well as<br />

enhanced Examination on Arrival<br />

procedures. Stringent biosecurity<br />

measures and mitigation plans, in line<br />

with the FEI Veterinary Regulations, also<br />

form part of the Return To Competition<br />

measures.<br />

The measures include a number of<br />

temporary provisions that will remain in<br />

place until 30 <strong>May</strong> <strong>2021</strong>, providing a<br />

science-based safety margin to allow<br />

for monitoring of any further related<br />

outbreaks. This date can be extended if<br />

required.<br />

The FEI Veterinary Epidemiology<br />

Working Group had already agreed that<br />

there was no current evidence indicating<br />

that it would be unsafe to return to<br />

international competition in mainland<br />

Europe as planned from 12 April,<br />

provided the mandated enhanced<br />

preventive measures were implemented.<br />

However, the Group will continue to<br />

monitor the evolution of the outbreaks on<br />

a daily basis.<br />

“The recent EHV-1 outbreak has<br />

underscored the importance of early<br />

detection and prevention in disease<br />

transmission,” FEI Veterinary Director<br />

Göran Åkerströmsaid. “The FEI<br />

HorseApp is a crucial tool to facilitate<br />

the traceability of horses attending FEI<br />

Events, as well as for data gathering to<br />

allow for better risk assessment analysis<br />

and informed decision-making. It is a<br />

key element in ensuring a safe return to<br />

competition and in minimising the impact<br />

of a disease outbreak in the future.”<br />

The FEI HorseApp is being used for<br />

uploading negative PCR results for<br />

designated events. In addition, the FEI<br />

Veterinarian conducting the Examination<br />

on Arrival will scan the horse’s microchip<br />

with a reader connected via Bluetooth to<br />

the FEI HorseApp, and also record the<br />

horse’s temperature in the FEI HorseApp.<br />

Under the Return To Competition<br />

measures, it is also compulsory for all<br />

horses to be officially checked out at the<br />

Show Office using the FEI HorseApp.<br />

This ensures traceability should a disease<br />

outbreak occur.<br />


News<br />

<strong>British</strong> Equestrian<br />

EHV-1 update<br />

Following the successful implementation<br />

of protocols for horses returning to the<br />

UK who might potentially have been<br />

impacted by the EHV-1 outbreak in<br />

Europe, <strong>British</strong> Equestrian reported that<br />

the disease risk in the UK was nearing<br />

normal l evels in early April. However,<br />

the recommendation on the use of a<br />

revised health self-certification form for<br />

UK equine gatherings remains in place<br />

as an ongoing biosecurity measure to<br />

help manage the risk.<br />

<strong>British</strong> Equestrian’s Equine Infectious<br />

Diseases Action Group (EIDAG) has<br />

considered data on the prevalence of<br />

EHV-1 diagnosis in UK over the last<br />

three years and concluded that, while<br />

EHV-1 remains a persistent and<br />

ever-present threat, the mildly increased<br />

disease risk level announced on 18<br />

March is now dropping towards the<br />

baseline number of cases seen in any<br />

other year.<br />

The process of monitoring and<br />

laboratory testing, which was imposed<br />

on horses that had been in direct contact<br />

with EHV-1 outbreaks at competitions in<br />

the Iberian peninsula and subsequently<br />

across Europe, went extremely well.<br />

Horses returning from these areas were<br />

suspended from competition until they<br />

had completed the protocols that<br />

enabled them to compete in the UK.<br />

As part of the measures put in place to<br />

mitigate the risk of the current European<br />

FEI Eventing<br />

European<br />

Championships for<br />

<strong>2021</strong> & 2023<br />

allocated<br />

Avenches in Switzerland will host this<br />

year’s FEI Eventing European<br />

Championship, with the 2023 edition<br />

allocated to Haras du Pin (FRA).<br />

Host venues for these two important<br />

Championships and other key events<br />

were made by the FEI Board by video<br />

conference recently, with the full support<br />

of the FEI Eventing Committee and the<br />

European Equestrian Federation (EEF).<br />

“We are pleased to have the Swiss<br />

venue of Avenches hosting the <strong>2021</strong><br />

Championships,” FEI Secretary<br />

General Sabrina Ibáñez said.<br />

“Following last year’s postponement of<br />

the Tokyo Games, the FEI had originally<br />

EHV outbreak reaching our equine<br />

population, <strong>British</strong> Equestrian and its<br />

member bodies introduced an equine<br />

health self-certification form on 18<br />

March under the advisement of the<br />

EIDAG. The process was implemented<br />

at short notice and was mandated for<br />

all <strong>British</strong> Dressage, <strong>British</strong> Eventing and<br />

<strong>British</strong> Showjumping competitions up to<br />

12 April. Organisers, secretaries and<br />

competitors readily embraced the<br />

process and made it work so<br />

successfully.<br />

The EIDAG has recommended that the<br />

EHV-1 risk level is dropping to a low/<br />

normal level, but as an endemic disease<br />

the risk it poses to the UK equine<br />

population is continuous. While the<br />

mandate to use the self-certification<br />

forms has now ended, <strong>British</strong> Equestrian<br />

and the EIDAG are recommending to<br />

member bodies and their organisers<br />

that a revised version of the form be<br />

introduced as an ongoing biosecurity<br />

measure to protect our equines and<br />

mitigate the risk of spreading infectious<br />

conditions. Forms can be downloaded<br />

from the <strong>British</strong> Equestrian website.<br />

EIDAG chair Celia Marr commented;<br />

“Recent events have shown what can be<br />

achieved when we work collectively to<br />

implement effective biosecurity measures<br />

such as self-certification. We actively<br />

encourage all member bodies, event<br />

organisers and horse owners to<br />

continue to make use of a<br />

self-certification process to ensure that<br />

horses coming to gatherings are as<br />

healthy as possible, in order to reduce<br />

cancelled European Championships in<br />

all three Olympic and Paralympic<br />

disciplines so that the focus could remain<br />

on the Games in <strong>2021</strong>, but our<br />

community encouraged us to review that<br />

decision and we listened to those voices.<br />

“After carefully reviewing three strong<br />

bids, which also included Boekelo in<br />

the Netherlands and Montelibretti in<br />

Italy, the FEI Board voted to allocate this<br />

year’s FEI Eventing European<br />

Championship to Avenches.<br />

“We are happy to be able to give our<br />

community something to look forward to<br />

during these difficult days as we tackle<br />

the EHV-1 outbreak and work to put in<br />

place protocols to get our horses and<br />

athletes back to competing again.”<br />

The <strong>2021</strong> edition of the FEI Eventing<br />

European Championship will run from<br />

23-26 September.<br />

Haras du Pin (FRA) was named as host<br />

risk of disease spread. Infectious disease<br />

management is a collective responsibility<br />

which everyone shares.”<br />

The <strong>British</strong> Equestrian Veterinary<br />

Association has also urged horse<br />

owners, particularly returning<br />

competitors, to do all they can to<br />

prevent the spread of this fatal disease.<br />

EHV-1 is a highly contagious virus that<br />

spreads between horses that are in<br />

close contact with one another. It can<br />

spread on people or objects but is more<br />

likely to spread horse to horse within the<br />

stable environment, and particularly in<br />

enclosed buildings such as American<br />

barns with shared air spaces. It does not<br />

spread over long distances in the air and<br />

is unlikely to spread between different<br />

buildings or yards without movement of<br />

horses, people or objects.<br />

EHV-1, capable of causing neurological<br />

disease, was spreading at showjumping<br />

events in Valencia in March. The<br />

movement of horses away from these<br />

events resulted in the spread of virus to<br />

other premises in Europe and the Middle<br />

East.<br />

“The consequences of this outbreak have<br />

been devastating and understandably,<br />

there was anxiety that horses returning to<br />

the UK may be carrying the virus and<br />

infection may spread back in the UK,”<br />

said David Rendle, Chair of BEVA’s<br />

Health and Medicines Committee. “To<br />

prevent this from happening, it is<br />

essential that returning competitors<br />

comply with the quarantine plans that<br />

have been put in place by <strong>British</strong><br />

Showjumping”.<br />

for the FEI Eventing European<br />

Championship in 2023. The FEI Board<br />

had originally allocated the <strong>2021</strong><br />

Championship to the French venue and,<br />

when there were discussions last year<br />

about the possibility of rescheduling the<br />

event away from the Olympic Games<br />

period, the Haras du Pin organisers<br />

were unfortunately unable to find an<br />

alternative date in <strong>2021</strong>. However, they<br />

put forward a proposal to the FEI to host<br />

the Championships in 2023 and this<br />

was agreed by the FEI Board this week.<br />

Dates for the Championship in 2023 are<br />

yet be confirmed.<br />

The FEI Board also allocated the FEI<br />

Jumping Ponies Trophy Final <strong>2021</strong> to<br />

Mechelen (BEL). An experienced<br />

Organiser of the Longines FEI<br />

Jumping World Cup Western<br />

European League, the Belgian city will<br />

hold the Trophy Final from 26-30<br />

December. Kronenberg (NED) will host<br />

the FEI Jumping Nations Cup Youth<br />

Final <strong>2021</strong> from 23-26 September.<br />


News<br />

NEXGEN Series<br />

announced for<br />

<strong>2021</strong><br />

NEXGEN Champs return for <strong>2021</strong><br />

The <strong>2021</strong> NEXGEN Young Horse Series<br />

has announced an increased prize fund<br />

of over £52,000 for <strong>2021</strong>. In addition<br />

there are several new qualifying<br />

venues, all of which will be<br />

live-streamed on clipmyhorse.tv, and a<br />

showcase auction for horses who have<br />

qualified for the Young Horse Series<br />

final.<br />

The NEXGEN Series provides talented<br />

4 – 7 year old young horses of any<br />

breed the chance to compete against<br />

each other in their respective discipline,<br />

enabling them to grow and progress to<br />

the top levels of sport.<br />

Now with 18 qualifying venues being<br />

used around the UK, the series begins<br />

on 27th <strong>May</strong> at Houghton<br />

International Horse Trials and offers<br />

pathways for performance horses in<br />

dressage, eventing and<br />

showjumping, culminating in the final<br />

at the All England Jumping Course,<br />

Hickstead on 23rd-25th<br />

September <strong>2021</strong>.<br />

Proceeding the Young Horse Finals,<br />

NEXGEN are offering selected horses<br />

the chance to showcase in their<br />

performance auction which will take<br />

place on October 6 <strong>2021</strong> at The<br />

Loungfield in Nottinghamshire. The<br />

NEXGEN auction will deliver a format<br />

never seen before, giving potential<br />

buyers the opportunity to see the horses<br />

live in the competition arena.<br />

Victoria Wright, Director of NEXGEN<br />

said, “NEXGEN are pioneers for the<br />

Sport Horse Breeding Industry,<br />

providing UK breeders and young<br />

horse producers with a reliable<br />

showcasing platform to reach buyers<br />

across the globe. Our aim is to<br />

successfully connect the highest calibre<br />

vendors and buyers together, whilst<br />

ensuring that the stars of the future are<br />

produced in the right environment to<br />

achieve their full potential on the world<br />

stage. Entries for the <strong>2021</strong> series are<br />

now open via Equipe as are auction<br />

applications.<br />

For more information and to enter go<br />

to www.nexgenhorses.com or for the<br />

auction go to www.nexgenauction.com<br />

Breeding the best<br />

Breen Equestrian<br />

opens state-ofthe-art<br />

stud<br />

Showjumping team Breen Equestrian has<br />

expanded their business by launching a<br />

luxurious new breeding facility close to<br />

their base at Hickstead in West Sussex.<br />

Pook Bourne Stud is a state-of-the-art<br />

breeding premises with space to<br />

accommodate up to 85 mares and<br />

young horses. Nine stallions will stand at<br />

the stud, including prolific showjumping<br />

winners Golden Hawk, Can Ya<br />

Makan and Clyde VA. The aim is to<br />

breed around a dozen foals each year<br />

under the Breen Equestrian prefix, while<br />

A summerlong series of elite sport is<br />

scheduled at Bolesworth for <strong>2021</strong>.<br />

Synonymous with world-class<br />

showjumping and outstanding<br />

equestrian facilities, Nina Barbour and<br />

the team are bringing sport back to<br />

Bolesworth with an extensive calendar<br />

of dates including the Bolesworth<br />

International Horse Show, now<br />

confirmed to run on 7th-11th July.<br />

In addition to the new dates, Bolesworth<br />

are delighted to welcome title sponsors<br />

Dodson & Horrell. Sam Horrell,<br />

Managing Director of Dodson & Horrell<br />

commented, “We are very pleased to<br />

join Bolesworth International as their<br />

new title sponsor to celebrate<br />

showjumping and the dedication,<br />

passion and talent of all the<br />

competitors and their horses. Set against<br />

the iconic backdrop of Bolesworth<br />

Castle, the prestigious International<br />

Arena will host headline classes<br />

climaxing with the CSI*** Grand Prix<br />

the stud will also cater to clients who<br />

wish to send their mares to the stud with<br />

the aim of breeding their own potential<br />

superstars.<br />

Breen Equestrian is run by Irish<br />

international showjumper Shane Breen<br />

and his wife Chloe, who already have a<br />

superb reputation for breeding,<br />

producing and selling top class sport<br />

horses. Fellow showjumper Greg Le<br />

Gear, a qualified AI technician, is the<br />

Stud Manager at Pook Bourne Stud and<br />

is in charge of the day-to-day running of<br />

the breeding side of the business.<br />

Shane Breen commented: “I’m very<br />

proud and excited that Breen Equestrian<br />

can offer some of the world’s best<br />

stallions, as well as facilities that are<br />

second to none.”<br />

www.breenequestrian.com<br />


on Sunday 11th July. The busy schedule,<br />

all set to run under FEI rules will<br />

include CSI3*, CSI1*, CSIAm, CSIP<br />

and CSIYH classes, with the aim to<br />

provide a platform for a huge range of<br />

competitors and horses to compete.<br />

The Bolesworth experience is highlighted<br />

for many by the renowned Elite Auction.<br />

On Friday, 9th July, a special collection<br />

of Elite Yearlings will be auctioned live.<br />

All lots will have close links to 1.60m<br />

performers on the dam side with a<br />

line-up that promise to include some of<br />

the most famous equine names in<br />

showjumping. There will also be three<br />

affiliated training shows, on the 7th &<br />

21st April, and the 5th <strong>May</strong>, and the<br />

brand new Bolesworth National Horse<br />

Show will take place from 20th – 23rd<br />

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News - Obituries<br />

TIM HOLDERNESS-RODDAM 1942-<strong>2021</strong><br />

It was with great sadness that we<br />

learned of the sudden death of Tim<br />

Holderness-Roddam on Thursday 15<br />

April <strong>2021</strong>, aged 78.<br />

Tim was married to Equestrian Olympic<br />

Gold Medallist and current <strong>British</strong><br />

Eventing President, Jane<br />

Holderness-Roddam. Together they<br />

owned and ran West Kington Farms and<br />

Stud in Wiltshire, standing numerous<br />

outstanding stallions and specialising in<br />

breeding top competition horses. Tim’s<br />

experience in agriculture and<br />

international trading complimented<br />

Jane’s equestrian activities and led to the<br />

development of West Kington Stud,<br />

Stallion Centre, Competition Yard and<br />

Farm.<br />

Tim was a passionate and<br />

knowledgeable advocate of eventing for<br />

many years. He gave his time freely to<br />

support, advise and promote the sport,<br />

including roles with <strong>British</strong> Eventing,<br />

<strong>British</strong> Equestrian, The Horse Trials<br />

Support Group and both Blenheim and<br />

Burghley Horse Trials. In 2010 Tim was<br />

presented with the <strong>British</strong> Equestrian<br />

Federation Medal of Honour in<br />

recognition of his outstanding<br />

achievement and contribution to the<br />

international equestrian world.<br />

Tim was educated at Radley College,<br />

followed by military service in the King’s<br />

Royal Hussars. His successful 30-year<br />

career at Tate & Lyle plc (UM Group)<br />

culminated in the role of MD of the<br />

United Molasses Group, where he was<br />

responsible for the worldwide trading,<br />

storage and distribution business.<br />

Since retiring from the City in 2000,<br />

Tim held a number of consultancy and<br />

non-executive roles, including senior<br />

consultant to Bristol Port Company,<br />

which handles much of the import/<br />

export trade for the west of England;<br />

and a consultant to and former director<br />

of Abercrombie & Kent, the luxury and<br />

tailor-made travel business. Tim was<br />

formerly a trustee of the pension fund of<br />

Countrywide Farmers plc and Deputy<br />

Chair of Friends of Conservation, an<br />

international charity operating mainly in<br />

Africa and the Indian sub-continent.<br />

Tim’s equestrian roles include Chair of<br />

the <strong>British</strong> Equestrian Federation Fund,<br />

which he was involved with for nearly<br />

20 years, Chair of Blenheim Palace<br />

International Horse Trials, former Chair<br />

of The Horse Trials Support Group<br />

(HTSG), Director and former Chair of the<br />

Finance Committee of <strong>British</strong> Eventing.<br />

More recently he has been involved as a<br />

Director of <strong>British</strong> Equestrian; a member<br />

of the <strong>British</strong> Eventing Finance and<br />

Commercial Committee; and a member<br />

of the Burghley Horse Trials Committee.<br />

Tim will be greatly missed in the<br />

breeding and eventing community,<br />

where he was a popular and much<br />

respected colleague and friend.<br />

Our thoughts and best wishes are with<br />

his family and friends.<br />

In Memory to Pat<br />

Campbell<br />

The <strong>British</strong> Horse Society former<br />

Chairman, Pat Campbell, has passed<br />

away. Pat was a true equestrian with an<br />

unparalleled dedication to horses, and<br />

her loss will be felt by all who knew her.<br />

She was a recipient of Her Majesty The<br />

Queen’s Award for Equestrianism and<br />

was also a past President of The<br />

National Pony Society and Ponies (UK)<br />

and past Chairman of The<br />

Dartmoor Pony Society as well as<br />

having a longstanding link with the<br />

Ashford Valley Branch of the Pony Club.<br />

Pat’s dedication to ponies and<br />

encouraging others to enjoy and respect<br />

them was renowned.<br />

Pat was also a gracious, lovely and<br />

generous, knowledgeable personal<br />

friend to many of us. As well as all the<br />

organisations already mentioned, she<br />

was also the chair of both the Central<br />

Prefix Register and the BHS Horse and<br />

Pony Breeds Committee (which was the<br />

body from which the 826 Equine<br />

Studbooks Association developed).<br />

On behalf of both those organizations I<br />

pass on our sincerest condolences and<br />

thoughts to her family and a sincere and<br />

grateful reflection on all the many good<br />

acts she performed for the whole<br />

equestrian world over the years.<br />

A lady of principle and a great loss to<br />

the equine world.<br />

By Celia Clarke<br />


News - Obituries<br />

Prince Philip, Duke<br />

of Edinburgh<br />

1921–<strong>2021</strong><br />

The passing of Prince Philip, the Duke of<br />

Edinburgh, peacefully at Windsor Castle<br />

on Friday 9th April, is a great loss for<br />

equestrian sport, but his legacy will live<br />

on for many decades to come.<br />

He was the longest serving FEI President<br />

(1964-1986) and was succeeded in this<br />

role by his daughter Princess Anne, the<br />

Princess Royal, for the following eight<br />

years.<br />

Prince Philip was a highly accomplished<br />

equestrian and some of his greatest<br />

sporting achievements came in the sport<br />

of Driving which he introduced as a new<br />

discipline in the FEI and helped to<br />

develop during his FEI Presidency. He<br />

became a hugely successful<br />

competitor himself, winning team gold at<br />

the 1980 World Driving Championship<br />

and bronze in 1978, 1982 and 1984.<br />

He also placed sixth individually in<br />

1982.<br />

Prince Philip strongly supported the FEI<br />

Jumping Nations Cup series, which<br />

is now one of the crown jewels in the<br />

Jumping calendar, and was hugely<br />

supportive of the launch of the FEI<br />

Jumping World Cup in the 1970s. He<br />

was also instrumental in the creation of<br />

the FEI World Equestrian Games,<br />

having lobbied for such a competition<br />

for many years before it was finally<br />

staged for the first time in Stockholm<br />

(SWE) in 1990.<br />

President of the Royal Windsor Horse<br />

Show since 1991, Prince Philip was<br />

integral to the development of the show.<br />

Regularly seen ringside, he never missed<br />

the Pony Club Games Final and was the<br />

creator of the Prince Philip Pony Club<br />

Games which culminate at Horse of the<br />

Year Show.<br />

Despite racing being the Queen’s great<br />

passion, her racing and bloodstock<br />

adviser John Warren recalled Prince<br />

Philip taking a fulsome interest in the<br />

horses and breeding.<br />

He said: “Prince Philip was a much<br />

greater support to the Queen in her<br />

racing endeavours than many people<br />

realize. His Royal Highness followed<br />

Her Majesty’s involvement as an owner<br />

and breeder very closely, and willingly<br />

accompanied the Queen to the Derby<br />

and Royal Ascot every year.<br />

“Whenever I visited Sandringham to<br />

look at horses with the Queen, Prince<br />

Philip always asked on our return how<br />

the yearlings and foals were<br />

developing.<br />

He was also a man of impeccable<br />

manners”.<br />

An all-round horseman, he played polo<br />

during his time in the Royal Navy in<br />

the 1940s and became one of Britain’s<br />

top-10 players. His passion for all things<br />

equestrian was shared by the Queen<br />

and passed on to their children,<br />

particularly Prince Charles who was also<br />

a keen polo player, and Princess Anne,<br />

who claimed individual gold at the FEI<br />

European Eventing Championships in<br />

1971, and individual and team silver four<br />

years later, before becoming the first<br />

<strong>British</strong> Royal to compete at an<br />

Olympic Games when she rode in<br />

Montreal 1976.<br />

Prince Philip’s grandchildren have also<br />

inherited a love of horse sport. Zara<br />

Tindall took the Eventing world title in<br />

2006 and was a member of the <strong>British</strong><br />

silver medal at the London 2012<br />

Olympic Games.<br />

Born in Corfu, Greece and educated in<br />

France, Germany and Great Britain, he<br />

was just 18 years old when he joined the<br />

Royal Navy in 1939. During World War<br />

ll he served with the Mediterranean and<br />

Pacific fleets, and by the time he left the<br />

service in 1952 he had reached the rank<br />

of Commander. At the age 26 years,<br />

he married the then Princess Elizabeth<br />

(Queen Elizabeth ll) in November 1947.<br />

He lived a life of relentless royal duty,<br />

immersing himself wholeheartedly in<br />

national life, carving out a unique public<br />

role and remaining the Queen’s ‘strength<br />

and stay’ for 73 years. Prince Philip was<br />

the longest serving consort in <strong>British</strong><br />

history and was only months away from<br />

his 100th birthday in June.<br />

FEI President Ingmar De Vos said. “I first<br />

met Prince Philip in London at the FEI<br />

General Assembly in 2005, and again<br />

at the FEI Eventing European<br />

Championships in Blair Castle in 2015.<br />

He was a man of incredible energy and<br />

a great sense of humour and the FEI was<br />

honoured to have him as our longest<br />

serving President.<br />

“His dedication to equestrian sports<br />

cannot be underestimated and will never<br />

be forgotten, especially in the Driving<br />

community. He was born in the same<br />

year the FEI was founded and sadly he<br />

will not be with us to celebrate his own<br />

and the FEI’s centenary this year. We will<br />

celebrate his life and remember him as a<br />

great ambassador of our sport.”<br />

<strong>British</strong> Breeding extends its deepest<br />

sympathy to the <strong>British</strong> Royal Family and<br />

joins the entire equestrian community<br />

in mourning the loss of this remarkable<br />

man.<br />


News - Obituries<br />

Heartbreaker<br />

At 32 years old, Heartbreaker<br />

(Nimmerdor x Silvano) died, simply of<br />

old age on 10 April.<br />

He made his debut with Grant Wilson<br />

while he was riding in Belgium for Louis<br />

Lenaerts. Because it was thought that he<br />

would not be favored by the KWPN at<br />

the time, he was presented to and<br />

accepted by the BWP. He nevertheless<br />

moved to Holland and joined the Nijhof<br />

team stables, where he performed under<br />

the saddle of Peter Geerink at the highest<br />

level.<br />

After performing at the highest level,<br />

Heartbreaker proved to be an<br />

outstanding sire. He leaves behind<br />

impressive offspring, with many stallion<br />

sons who will continue to maintain his<br />

legend. Heartbreaker was crowned<br />

‘KWPN Horse of the Year’ in 2016.<br />

He was already declared ‘Preferent’ in<br />

2009 because of his successful offspring<br />

in the international scene.<br />

Heartbreaker himself was successful at<br />

Grand Prix level and is placed number 12<br />

on the 2016 WBFSH-ranking for jumping<br />

sires.<br />

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News - Obituries<br />

Sir Shutterfly<br />

Leading sire, Sir Shutterfly, has died<br />

aged 19. One of the most reliable and<br />

consistent sires of performance<br />

horses available in the UK, Sir Shutterfly<br />

featured strongly in both the eventing<br />

and show jumping sections of the <strong>British</strong><br />

Breeding Virtual Stallion event, and his<br />

loss will be felt throughout the breeding<br />

community.<br />

Sir Shutterfly, by Silvio I out of a Forrest<br />

XX mare, was a full brother to Meredith<br />

Michaels-Beerbaum’s legendary ride<br />

Shutterfly. He qualified for Germany’s<br />

Bundeschampionate for five-year-olds<br />

and went on to compete to 1.50m in<br />

showjumping, before moving to a career<br />

as a breeding stallion.<br />

Fairlight Stud owner Jo Sholls-Evan told<br />

<strong>British</strong> Breeding why the loss of “Fly” will<br />

be felt by the stud.<br />

“Fly was a HUGE character as well as<br />

being extremely beautiful to look at.<br />

He always had a great sense of fun<br />

about him and an immense love for life,<br />

especially if it involved being ridden and<br />

jumped. It was easy to forget he was a<br />

stallion because he was so<br />

straightforward to handle. He was<br />

always a very kind chap and loved any<br />

attention. Our young daughters were<br />

completely safe with him in the stable,<br />

even when they could only reach the top<br />

of his legs! He would stand still whilst<br />

they brushed him and then remain very<br />

quiet when they wanted to sit on his back<br />

after the novelty of grooming him had<br />

worn off.<br />

“My husband, Martin, would often take<br />

him for a hack round the lanes where<br />

we live because he was good fun to ride<br />

and extremely reliable. Apart from his<br />

awesome ability to produce very smart<br />

foals, we were delighted to see his older<br />

offspring doing really well in bigger<br />

classes and on the international circuit<br />

both in showjumping and eventing. We<br />

have recently sold some of the older<br />

youngsters we bred here to professional<br />

riders, which has been very encouraging<br />

for us as breeders.<br />

“One of Fly’s other characteristics was<br />

his endless energy, something which<br />

makes the yard very quiet now he has<br />

gone. We were devastated to lose him<br />

and it’s not been easy to have to rethink<br />

a whole year’s business planning in such<br />

a short space of time but we are now<br />

very much looking to the future with him<br />

living on through his offspring and the<br />

future is where we are focussing. The first<br />

of our mares will be inseminated with<br />

his frozen semen over the next couple<br />

of weeks and his first mare of the year is<br />

already in foal from one dose of frozen<br />

semen.<br />

“It was an absolute privilege to have<br />

owned and cared for him and a dream<br />

for us as breeders to have been able to<br />

add something so important to <strong>British</strong><br />

Breeding.<br />


News - Brexit<br />

The Effect<br />

of Brexit<br />

on <strong>British</strong><br />

breeding<br />

This spring, <strong>British</strong> breeders who used<br />

to register their foals with non-UK<br />

studbooks, such as the German<br />

Oldenburg Society and the German<br />

Hanoverians found out that as of 30<br />

June <strong>2021</strong>, they would no longer be<br />

able to register their foals in the UK.<br />

This has some harsh consequences for<br />

breeders who will have already paid<br />

hundreds of Euros in membership and<br />

mare contributions for the year and<br />

whose business model is based on<br />

selling to the European market, and to<br />

clients who wish to participate in the<br />

German “Bundeschampionat”, which<br />

only admits horses with German UELN’s.<br />

While this means that Continental<br />

studbooks lose out on an opportunity,<br />

the obverse is also true for UK studbooks<br />

who have previously been active in<br />

EU member states, such as the Anglo<br />

European Studbook, about half of<br />

whose now 3000 foals per annum have<br />

been registered in Europe. These foals<br />

will now have to be registered with an<br />

AES daughter society set up in the<br />

Netherlands. We thought it might be<br />

useful to give you an overview of the<br />

relevant EU legislation, which, in order to<br />

enable us to continue to trade with<br />

Europe, was adopted by the UK<br />

government.<br />

Registering Foals: “Extension of<br />

Breeding Territory”:<br />

Historically, many European studbooks<br />

had casual arrangements, by which they<br />

would register foals across various EU<br />

member states. This suited the<br />

development of breeding, which is<br />

becoming an increasingly globalised<br />

industry. For the studbooks, it was<br />

convenient to operate in this manner, for<br />

cost reasons, as well as in view of the<br />

WBFSH Studbook rankings. The larger<br />

the studbook, the larger the chance of<br />

doing well in those rankings, which<br />

effectively penalised those studbooks<br />

who instead opted to set up daughter<br />

societies and split their breeding<br />

population.<br />

2013 saw the infamous Lasagne meat<br />

scandal, and with it came a realisation<br />

by the authorities that they had a serious<br />

issue with food safety. It was not only an<br />

issue that horse meat was found in<br />

various processed meat products, but<br />

that some of those horses may well<br />

have been treated with medication that<br />

rendered them entirely unsuitable, and in<br />

fact dangerous, for human consumption.<br />

To tackle this problem, a new Animal<br />

Health Law was created, to tighten up<br />

the identification and trade in all<br />

animals, including horses. Part of the<br />

Animal Health Law requirements was the<br />

creation of National Equine Databases<br />

(in the UK, this is the Central Equine<br />

Database, the CED), in which all horses<br />

in the country were to be registered in<br />

order to provide traceability, promote<br />

biosecurity and guarantee food chain<br />

safety.<br />

The mechanism by which horses in the<br />

UK are recorded on the central database<br />

is through the UK studbooks. This is either<br />

done through their first registrations, or,<br />

in the case of imports or foals registered<br />

with foreign studbooks, through overstamping.<br />

This process has not<br />

always been working very well, as<br />

owners and breeders saw this as an<br />

unnecessary hassle, and above all an<br />

additional cost to try and avoid.<br />

In recognition of the importance of<br />

horses being registered on the right<br />

central equine database to ensure<br />

biosecurity and traceability, the EU<br />

tightened up the regulations of cross<br />

border registrations, requiring every<br />

studbook wishing to do so to notify their<br />

competent authority, and then to work<br />

with that authority in the relevant country<br />

to ensure the recording of the foals on<br />

their CED, a process called “extension of<br />

breeding territory”.<br />

While the EU made it very clear that this<br />

option is only open to studbooks from EU<br />

member states, thus excluding UK based<br />

studbooks from being able to register<br />

foals in Europe, Defra took the view that<br />

EU studbooks could apply for an<br />

“extension of breeding territory” into the<br />

UK. Some have done so, and have, it<br />

appears, been turned down.<br />


News - Brexit<br />

Receiving Semen from Europe: Third<br />

Country und Third Country Studbook<br />

Status<br />

While extensions of breeding territories<br />

to and from the UK are now curtailed,<br />

the trade in horses, semen, embryos and<br />

oocytes is governed by a separate part<br />

of the legislation, the zootechnics<br />

regulations, which were also adopted<br />

into UK law as part of the Brexit<br />

arrangements. To understand the impact<br />

of the zootechnics legislation, we must<br />

first consider the distinction drawn by<br />

the legislation between “registered” and<br />

“unregistered” animals.<br />

“Unregistered” is a slightly misleading<br />

term, as this does not refer to horses that<br />

do not have a passport, but to horses<br />

that are not covered by the zootechnics<br />

arrangements. “Unregistered” horses<br />

can still be imported into the UK and<br />

exported from the UK to Europe, but they<br />

are classified as non-breeding animals,<br />

which fall into a different tax category,<br />

leading to higher charges on imports<br />

and exports. They also have a lower<br />

health status, which means a lot of extra<br />

paperwork when travelling and<br />

competing these horses.<br />

“Germinal Products” (i.e. semen,<br />

oocytes, embryos) from “unregistered”<br />

horses can no longer be traded. In<br />

order to be classified as a “registered”<br />

horse (or a germinal product from a<br />

“registered” horse), the horse must be<br />

registered with a breed society that has<br />

been granted “Third Country Studbook”<br />

recognition. In order for that to happen,<br />

the country in which the studbook<br />

is located needs to have been given<br />

“Third Country” status. Following the<br />

Brexit vote, Defra and the UK studbooks<br />

were notified by the EU in November<br />

2017 that it was necessary for the UK<br />

and its breed societies to apply for this<br />

status and demonstrate that they were<br />

compliant with the EU animal health law<br />

regulations. Just in time before the 01<br />

January <strong>2021</strong> deadline, this status was<br />

granted to the UK studbooks,<br />

ensuring that we can continue to sell<br />

semen and embryos, as well as<br />

“registered” status horses into the EU.<br />

In return, and as part of their process of<br />

adopting the EU legislation, Defra wrote<br />

to the competent authorities of the EU<br />

member states in January <strong>2021</strong>, advising<br />

them that they now also have to apply<br />

for third country status, and that their<br />

breed societies need to apply for third<br />

country studbooks status, which has to<br />

be granted by 30 June <strong>2021</strong> in order<br />

for the trade in “registered” horses and<br />

their germinal products from the EU into<br />

Britain to continue.<br />

As the continuity of semen trade beyond<br />

30 June is vital to our breeders, we have<br />

contacted Defra to do whatever we<br />

can to support the process. The World<br />

Breeding Federation has contacted all<br />

its members across Europe to explain<br />

the process, and to offer support and<br />

advice.<br />

Defra assures us that they will deal with<br />

all applications as quickly and efficiently<br />

as possible, and everyone is hoping that<br />

this process will go smoothly.<br />

We must work<br />

together to overcome<br />

Brexit hurdles<br />

conclude speakers<br />

at NEF<br />

All parts of the equine industry must<br />

work together in efforts to remove the<br />

hurdles impeding the transport of horses<br />

and equestrian goods between Britain<br />

and the European Union, according to<br />

speakers at the 29th National Equine<br />

Forum on 4 March <strong>2021</strong>.<br />

The changed arrangements since the UK<br />

left the trading bloc on 1 January are<br />

causing delays and increased costs that<br />

threaten the domestic industry’s biggest<br />

overseas market. But if these<br />

problems continue, they may also<br />

produce unacceptable equine welfare<br />

issues and cause irreparable damage<br />

to the future of UK equestrian sport, the<br />

speakers suggested.<br />

Three speakers, representing different<br />

parts of the equine sector, described the<br />

effects of the post Brexit arrangements<br />

on their businesses. Claire Williams,<br />

executive director of the <strong>British</strong> Equestrian<br />

Trade Association, suggested that<br />

the Trade and Cooperation Agreement<br />

signed between the UK and EU at the<br />

end of December 2020 was “not the<br />

Christmas present that our people were<br />

wishing for”.<br />

Brexit: government, trade, transport,<br />

events and welfare<br />

The export trade in equine equipment,<br />

feed etc is worth around £500,000 a<br />

year with half of that revenue coming<br />

from the EU. But the new arrangements<br />

impose a massive increase in<br />

bureaucracy for exports to Europe and<br />

she feared that higher costs along with<br />

the unreliability of deliveries may force<br />

many customers to look elsewhere.<br />

Henry Bullen is a director of Peden<br />

Bloodstock which manages the<br />

transport of sporting horses to events<br />

across the globe. He said the UK’s<br />

departure has produced a huge increase<br />

in the paperwork needed to import and<br />

export horses and there is often<br />

confusion between different officials over<br />

these requirements. Delays of several<br />

hours while horses are held at the<br />

dockside have become commonplace<br />

– this situation is unsatisfactory now but<br />

could imperil the welfare of the animals<br />

later in the year when temperatures are<br />

higher, he warned.<br />


News<br />

Simon Brooks-Ward, chief executive of<br />

events organiser the HPower Group said<br />

international sporting events provided<br />

a shop window for the UK’s £8 billion<br />

equine industry. If the problems already<br />

described are not addressed, it is<br />

unlikely that European competitors will<br />

want to appear at UK events and<br />

talented <strong>British</strong> riders may decide to<br />

move their horses permanently abroad.<br />

He urged the UK equine industry to<br />

come together to campaign for more<br />

seamless export arrangements and to<br />

hire professional lobbyists to persuade<br />

UK and EU ministers to treat the equine<br />

sector as a political priority.<br />

Lord Gardiner of Kimble, parliamentary<br />

under secretary of state, Defra, insisted<br />

that Brexit has provided opportunities<br />

to improve welfare standards for all<br />

domestic livestock. One key government<br />

priority will be to end the trade in live<br />

animals for slaughter abroad. The 2020<br />

Agriculture Act, which he guided through<br />

the House of Lords, included provisions<br />

for safeguarding the future of Britain’s<br />

native breeds.<br />

Digital data collection<br />

This year’s NEF also looked at the<br />

increasing influence of digital data<br />

collection and storage on all owners<br />

of livestock. Britain has developed a<br />

world leading system for recording data<br />

on cattle, sheep and pigs, Simon Hall,<br />

programme director of the Livestock<br />

Information Programme told the meeting.<br />

Equine Register (provider of the Central<br />

Equine Database) has been assisting<br />

with delivery of the Livestock Information<br />

Programme. Equine Register’s chief<br />

executive Stewart Everett explained the<br />

benefits to horse owners of being able to<br />

keep their information up to date through<br />

the Digital Stable using its smartphone<br />

app.<br />

Continuing the work of the AHT<br />

Since the last NEF meeting the equine<br />

sector has lost one of its most valuable<br />

and trusted sources of information on<br />

animal disease with the closure of the<br />

Animal Health Trust in Newmarket. In his<br />

round up of the current activities of the<br />

<strong>British</strong> Horse Council, its chairman David<br />

Mountford said that his organisation was<br />

working with various other equine<br />

bodies in the UK and abroad to ensure<br />

that the vital services provided by the<br />

AHT would continue in some form. This<br />

was particularly urgent in view of the<br />

concerns about the rapid spread of<br />

equine herpesvirus 1 (EHV-1) in Europe.<br />

The event’s patron HRH The Princess<br />

Royal provided a summary of the day.<br />

In her concluding remarks, The Princess<br />

Royal noted the potential health and<br />

welfare issues that might have arisen in<br />

horses as a result of the efforts to contain<br />

the human disease: “What has been<br />

hugely encouraging from today was that<br />

there is so much going on … and people<br />

have understood what was needed<br />

and tried to make sure that as far as the<br />

animals are concerned, their lives have<br />

continued pretty well unaltered.”<br />

Special Covid-19 Sir Colin Spedding<br />

award<br />

The meeting closed with the<br />

announcement of the winner of the<br />

Special Covid-19 Sir Colin Spedding<br />

award to Claire Williams for her tireless<br />

efforts which helped equine merchants<br />

to stay open and continue providing a<br />

service during the pandemic.<br />

A number of additional special awards<br />

were made and <strong>British</strong> Breeding were<br />

proud to be Highly Commended for their<br />

outstanding effort during the Covid-19<br />

pandemic.<br />

ehorses seeks<br />

instructors/horse<br />

professionals<br />

Europe’s leading horses for sale platform<br />

is now launching in the UK at<br />

www.ehorses.co.uk. ehorses is a<br />

German-owned sales platform with a<br />

huge reach.<br />

According to their spokesperson ehorses<br />

had over 41 million views during 2020,<br />

with a horse sold every 20 minutes and<br />

over 250 new ads going on the site<br />

each day.<br />

ehorses.co.uk is looking for yard owners<br />

and other horse professionals who<br />

regularly advertise, buy or help clients<br />

to buy/ sell horses who would like free<br />

Premium Plus membership of the site<br />

(worth £470) for six months in return for<br />

answering a couple of questionnaires<br />

about their experience.<br />

To apply for a free premium<br />

seller account for six months visit<br />

www.bit.ly/2OaZFh4<br />


START<br />


BIRTH<br />






1 1 1 2 3<br />

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Competitors price comparisons correct as of 23 Nov 2020. For full details on these comparisons please visit the website.<br />


Where the UK buys Cavalor

<strong>British</strong> Breeding - Futurity & Equine Bridge<br />

Exciting Plans for the<br />

Baileys <strong>British</strong> Breeding<br />

Futurity <strong>2021</strong><br />

For <strong>2021</strong>, the Baileys<br />

<strong>British</strong> Breeding Futurity<br />

is set to return with a full<br />

range of activities and<br />

services, including virtual<br />

and physical evaluations<br />

and many extras to offer<br />

a state-of-the-art series to<br />

be proud of.<br />

Virtual Evaluations Will Continue<br />

Following their roaring success in 2020,<br />

we are delighted to be able to continue<br />

a virtual evaluations option as part of<br />

our range of activities. Initially conceived<br />

as a pragmatic solution to the Covid 19<br />

Challenge, studbooks all over the world<br />

have soon come to realise that virtual<br />

evaluations offer significant possibilities<br />

and advantages, making evaluations<br />

accessible for breeders in remote<br />

locations, and reducing the need to<br />

travel foals and youngstock.<br />

In fact, we also learned that video<br />

footage can be a very interesting and<br />

valuable tool for evaluations, as<br />

assessors can slow footage down, pause<br />

it, zoom in, and replay it. Using videos<br />

and zoom conferencing has enabled<br />

us to continue to offer one of the great<br />

benefits of the Futurity, which is to have<br />

<strong>British</strong> bred youngstock evaluated by a<br />

panel of senior and highly experienced<br />

and respected international evaluators.<br />

<strong>Breeder</strong>s found that the virtual futurity<br />

enabled them to choose the best moment<br />

for presentation, as foals and youngsters<br />

can change from one day to the next.<br />

Virtual Evaluations will again cost £55<br />

per entry, £5 of which will go into our<br />

special <strong>Breeder</strong>s’ Prize Fund, awarded<br />

to the top entries in each category at the<br />

end of the season. They will start from<br />

mid-July and will run until the middle of<br />

August.<br />

Virtual Evaluations in Loose Jumping<br />

For safety reasons, we were unable to<br />

offer virtual loose jumping evaluations of<br />

videos taken at home last year. In order<br />

to work around this problem, this year<br />

we will be working with several<br />

appropriate, well equipped indoor<br />

venues around the country where you<br />

can bring your youngster for a safe<br />

video session. We will publish their<br />

relevant contact details nearer to the<br />

time and would encourage you to get in<br />

touch.<br />

Physical Evaluations Are Planned to<br />

Return<br />

As we are seeing a loosening of<br />

lockdown restrictions, we are looking<br />

forward to a return of physical<br />

evaluations in our popular locations, as<br />

long as it is legal and safe to do so.<br />

Our plan is to offer physical evaluation<br />

days on the following dates and at the<br />

following venues:<br />

23rd August <strong>2021</strong> – Richmond<br />

Equestrian Centre, Richmond, Richmond<br />

DL10 7PL<br />

24th August <strong>2021</strong> – Home Farm,<br />

Hothorpe, Teddingworth, LE17 6QX<br />

25th August <strong>2021</strong> – Addington<br />

Equestrian, Buckinghamshire, MK18 2JR<br />

26th August <strong>2021</strong> – Glebe Farm,<br />

Whitestone, Exeter, EX4 2HP<br />

Physical evaluations cost £65 per entry,<br />

including a £5 contribution to our<br />

<strong>Breeder</strong>s’ Prize Fund. Entries will be<br />

restricted in numbers, so be sure to book<br />

early to avoid disappointment.<br />

Bookings will open on 1 July <strong>2021</strong><br />

via our website.<br />

Futurity Auction<br />

Following its excellent reception last<br />

year, we are again planning to organise<br />

an online auction for the very best<br />

Futurity entries. The auction will be<br />

hosted again on the Clip My Horse<br />

platform, and we are confident that we<br />

will be able to build on our success in<br />

2020, with a full plan of exciting<br />

promotional activities to bring our<br />


<strong>British</strong> Breeding - Futurity & Equine Bridge<br />

wonderful <strong>British</strong> bred Futurity foals<br />

and youngsters to the widest possible<br />

audience.<br />

Like last year, entries wanting to be<br />

considered for auction selection have to<br />

obtain an overall score of 8 or above<br />

either in the virtual or in the physical<br />

Futurity evaluation.<br />

Different from last year, all auction<br />

candidates must also attend a<br />

photography and videography sessions<br />

to produce high quality promotional<br />

materials. These will be offered at the<br />

physical Futurity evaluation venues and<br />

open to candidates who have attended<br />

and scored highly at either the virtual or<br />

physical Futurity.<br />

Equine Bridge<br />

<strong>British</strong> bred youngsters aged 3-5 are<br />

again invited to come forward for<br />

evaluation for the Equine Bridge.<br />

3-year-olds will be able to qualify loose,<br />

4-year-olds will be able to qualify loose<br />

or under saddle, and 5-year-olds will<br />

have to qualify under saddle.<br />

To qualify, they must achieve a score of<br />

8.0 or above.<br />

The evaluation will consist of a<br />

veterinary evaluation, to be carried out<br />

either virtually or at the physical<br />

evaluation venues, and an evaluation of<br />

gaits and conformation by the<br />

international panel. For loose evaluation,<br />

candidates are invited to submit videos<br />

or attend one of the physical evaluation<br />

venues. For ridden evaluation, we invite<br />

videos taken at affiliated competitions<br />

with <strong>British</strong> Dressage, <strong>British</strong><br />

Showjumping or <strong>British</strong> Eventing or the<br />

NexGen Series.<br />

Please ensure that the videos show<br />

competition footage in walk, trot, canter,<br />

as well as jump for eventers and<br />

showjumpers.<br />

All Bridge candidates who qualified<br />

loose must have experience of<br />

competing under saddle prior to coming<br />

to the bridge, and need to have<br />

completed a minimum of two<br />

competitions, either at affiliated<br />

competitions with <strong>British</strong> Dressage, <strong>British</strong><br />

Showjumping or <strong>British</strong> Eventing or the<br />

NexGen Series.<br />

The next Equine Bridge event is planned<br />

as a two-day performance test at Home<br />

Farm, on 25th – 26th October <strong>2021</strong>.<br />

The top scoring Bridge entries in each<br />

discipline will be awarded with a £1000<br />

bursary aimed at supporting the horse’s<br />

or pony’s training and production for the<br />

sport.<br />

Training and Other Opportunities<br />

As always, we extend a warm welcome<br />

to everybody wishing to participate<br />

in the Futurity to come and learn more<br />

about young horse evaluations and lend<br />

a hand. This year, we will be delighted<br />

again to offer all <strong>British</strong> studbooks the<br />

opportunity to carry out mare gradings<br />

at our venues.<br />

Young <strong>Breeder</strong>s are welcome to come<br />

and shadow our evaluators and become<br />

involved in helping with the presentations<br />

for our auction videos and photographs.<br />

Together, we can continue to make<br />

the Baileys <strong>British</strong> Breeding Futurity the<br />

event we all love: a world class series,<br />

organised by breeders, for breeders and<br />

extending a warm welcome to everyone.<br />


Studbook - News<br />

Photo - HorsePower Creative<br />

The Anglo European Studbook<br />

Launch Select Studbook and<br />

Premium Programme<br />

As part of our continued investment in<br />

people and technologies, we are proud<br />

and delighted to launch our brand-new<br />

AES Select Studbook and Premium<br />

Programme aimed at providing an<br />

exceptional service and recognition to<br />

those breeders who go above and<br />

beyond in aiming to breed the very<br />

highest quality horses for the future.<br />

The purpose of the select programme is<br />

to lay a solid foundation for the future, as<br />

the studbook continues to grow, and to<br />

provide a comprehensive state-of-the-art<br />

programme of evaluation to support our<br />

breeders.<br />

Who is eligible?<br />

To participate in the Premium<br />

Programme, horses and foals must be<br />

entered in the AES Select Studbook.<br />

Mares and Stallions can enter the<br />

programme via grading, and foals can<br />

enter the programme via registration.<br />

This special section of the main studbook<br />

is reserved for horses who have<br />

full three generation pedigrees and are<br />

by a stallion who is fully licensed by a<br />

WBFSH member studbook. In addition,<br />

outcrosses are permitted, for example to<br />

full Thoroughbreds or Arabs. Please<br />

contact the AES team in those cases.<br />

DNA samples must be submitted for<br />

pedigree verification.<br />

To be registered into the AES Select<br />

Studbook, foals need to be out of AES<br />

graded mares, and submit DNA samples<br />

for full parentage verification.<br />

The programme is open foals born from<br />

<strong>2021</strong> and to older AES registered horses<br />

who can apply for an upgrade.<br />

How much does it cost?<br />

The cost of entry into the select studbook<br />

for foals in £70, which includes their<br />

passport and full DNA test. The cost of<br />

upgrading your already registered AES<br />

horse or youngster into the select<br />

studbook is £50.<br />

How can I grade my mare with<br />

the AES?<br />

To be eligible for grading for the<br />

purpose of her offspring to be entered<br />

into the AES Select Studbook, your<br />

mare needs to have main studbook, full<br />

pedigree papers with the AES or another<br />

WBFSH member studbook.<br />


Studbook - News<br />

Thoroughbred and Arab mares are also<br />

eligible to enter the programme for the<br />

purpose of adding blood into the<br />

programme. To enquire about<br />

outcrosses, please talk to our AES team<br />

who will be able to advise you.<br />

Your mare needs to be inspected on hard<br />

and soft ground by our evaluation team.<br />

On the hard, we assess conformation,<br />

soundness and correctness, and on the<br />

soft we assess walk, trot and canter, with<br />

jump optional, if it is safe to do so and<br />

does not conflict with the welfare of the<br />

mare.<br />

During ongoing Covid restrictions, we<br />

will continue to offer virtual evaluations<br />

for mares, and we are planning to offer<br />

physical options later on in the season.<br />

Virtual mare gradings cost £40 per<br />

mare, physical mare gradings start at<br />

£50 plus travel costs, which can be<br />

shared.<br />

What is the AES Select Premium<br />

Programme?<br />

The AES Select Premium Programme is<br />

reserved for horses entered into the AES<br />

Select Studbook. It offers special<br />

recognition and rewards for its very best<br />

and highest achieving foals and<br />

horses. Not only will this provide<br />

valuable feedback to breeders and<br />

owners, this will also help to build<br />

potential buyers’ confidence in our foals,<br />

knowing that they and their mothers have<br />

been through a thorough and<br />

comprehensive evaluation programme<br />

and achieved certain accolades.<br />

To participate in the premium<br />

programme, your foal or horse needs to<br />

be entered in the select studbook. Please<br />

ask your vet to take a DNA sample when<br />

they microchip your foal and complete<br />

the markings diagram.<br />

Your foal or youngster needs to be<br />

inspected on hard and soft ground by<br />

our evaluators, undergoing the same<br />

stages as a mare grading. Jump will only<br />

be assessed in horses aged 2 or older.<br />

The highest scoring candidates in the<br />

different categories will be awarded one<br />

or several of the following premiums:<br />

The AES Select Type Premium<br />

This Premium is awarded to foals and<br />

horses who particularly impress with<br />

exceptional conformation and<br />

movement and have gained an average<br />

mark of 8 or higher for this element of<br />

their inspection.<br />

The AES Select Health Premium<br />

This Premium is awarded to foals and<br />

horses whose soundness and<br />

conformation has been evaluated by<br />

a veterinarian, and who have gained<br />

a mark of 8 or higher for this element<br />

of their inspection. In addition, to gain<br />

this premium, a DNA sample must be<br />

submitted for a WFFS test, which will be<br />

recorded on the AES Database.<br />

There is an additional cost of applying<br />

for the Health Premium, which is £50,<br />

including the WFFS test.<br />

The AES Select Performance<br />

Premium<br />

This Premium is available to the older<br />

horses in the Select Studbook, and it<br />

will be awarded based on national and<br />

international performance records. If you<br />

would like to check if your horse is<br />

eligible, please submit their full<br />

performance record for review.<br />

The AES Select Legacy Premium<br />

This Premium recognises the<br />

achievements and contributions of horses<br />

in breeding exceptional offspring. It is<br />

awarded at the discretion of the<br />

evaluation panel for achievements of a<br />

horse’s offspring, including their<br />

studbook evaluations, gradings, shows<br />

and affiliated competitions.<br />

How can my horse participate<br />

in the Premium Programme?<br />

As with the mare gradings, we will offer<br />

a virtual option this year in response to<br />

the covid situation. We are planning<br />

physical inspection events, as soon as<br />

we are permitted to hold public events<br />

and travel across the UK.<br />

Virtual foal and youngstock gradings<br />

cost £40 per horse, physical foal and<br />

youngstock gradings start at £50 plus<br />

travel costs, which can be shared.<br />

The AES also fully recognises the <strong>British</strong><br />

Breeding Futurity results, and the results,<br />

including linear scores of the Futurity are<br />

fully compatible with the Select<br />

Studbook system, which means that<br />

Futurity foals and youngsters require<br />

no additional AES inspection, but their<br />

mothers must still be presented.<br />

To find out more, do not hesitate to get in<br />

touch and email:-<br />

eva@angloeuropeanstudbook.co.uk<br />

or lucy@angloeuropeanstudbook.co.uk<br />

We look forward to hearing from you!<br />


Studbook - News<br />

What is <strong>British</strong><br />

Rhineland?<br />

<strong>British</strong> Rhineland Premium mare GF Sezuki<br />

(Sezuan x Sherlock Holmes x Consul)<br />

Photo - Kevin Sparrow<br />

The Rhineland Studbook is a second<br />

Studbook alongside the Hanoverian<br />

Studbook.<br />

The regulations of the Rhineland<br />

Studbook differ from the Hanoverian<br />

Studbook rules regarding the<br />

requirements for mares and stallions. The<br />

Rhineland Studbook is more liberal and<br />

accepts mares and stallions from most<br />

major Studbooks whereas the<br />

Hanoverian Studbook, as one of the<br />

world’s leading Studbooks, is more<br />

selective. Therefore, cases will occur<br />

where it will be possible to register foals<br />

with the Rhineland Studbook which are<br />

by stallions who are not approved for the<br />

Hanoverian breeding programme.<br />

These benefits are derived from the fact<br />

that the Rhineland Studbook offers more<br />

liberal breeding criteria in the inspection,<br />

approval and licensing of breeding stock<br />

than the Hanoverian Studbook does.<br />

In addition, the Rhineland Studbook<br />

accepts breeding stock from a wider<br />

breeding population, recognizing most<br />

WBFSH studbook/registry members,<br />

provided certain pedigree and<br />

performance requirements are met.<br />

Hanoverian breeders will benefit from<br />

having increased options in their stallion<br />

choices, with the ability to use the<br />

Rhineland Studbook to register foals<br />

resulting from breeding to stallions not<br />

licensed/approved for Hanoverian<br />

breeding. In addition, breeders with<br />

mares ineligible for approval by the<br />

Hanoverian Studbook, due to pedigree<br />

or inspection criteria, may now find those<br />

mares eligible to be approved under<br />

Rhineland Studbook criteria, with the<br />

resulting offspring eligible for registration<br />

with that studbook. Furthermore, since<br />

Rhineland-registered stock may meet the<br />

requirements for Hanoverian eligibility,<br />

breeders will have the additional option<br />

of registering future generations of such<br />

stock with the Hanoverian Studbook.<br />

The Studbook is named after the<br />

Rhineland region, which is the very<br />

southern part of Nordrhein-Westfalen. It<br />

is on the very western part of Germany<br />

in direct neighbourhood of the countries<br />

Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg.<br />

The biggest cities in the region are<br />

Cologne, Duesseldorf and Aachen, site<br />

of the world famous Aachen horse show.<br />

Genetically the Rhenish riding horse has<br />

been closely related to Hanover from the<br />

beginning when the Studbook was<br />

started in the 1950’s mainly using<br />

Belissimo M<br />

Trakehner, Westphalian (who again are<br />

based on Hanoverian genes) and<br />

Hanoverian bloodlines.<br />

Famous stallions like Florestan and<br />

Belissimo M were/are Rhineland riding<br />

horses bred with a high percentage of<br />

Hanoverian blood.<br />

The Rhineland Studbook offers significant<br />

benefits for current Hanoverian and<br />

Rhineland breeders, as well as<br />

opportunities for non-Hanoverian,<br />

non-Rhineland and new breeders.<br />

For more information please contact<br />

the BHHS, www.hanoverian-gb.org.uk<br />

bhhsuk@gmail.com<br />



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Feeds are committed<br />

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Studbook - News<br />

The National Pony Society (NPS)<br />

celebrated the winners of the 2020<br />

Derby House <strong>British</strong> Riding Pony<br />

Performance Scheme at our AGM.<br />

These awards celebrate the diversity<br />

of the <strong>British</strong> Riding Pony. The scheme<br />

was designed by Sacha Shaw to<br />

identify and reward <strong>British</strong> Riding Ponies<br />

competing in different spheres. Points<br />

can be accumulated in your chosen<br />

sport, with additional points for affiliated<br />

competitions. This year’s winners were:<br />

Claire Elliott’s Song of the Stars (Diptford<br />

Star Attraction x Lyrical Air ) - Showing<br />

Song of the Stars was sent to Claire<br />

Elliott to be started under and, by<br />

chance, he and Claire were reunited<br />

when he was 15. The pair have enjoyed<br />

a very happy and successful last few<br />

years. Sensitive but very kind, Song<br />

of the Stars re-ignited Claire’s interest<br />

in showing with wins including Reserve<br />

Champion PBA at Devon County and<br />

Reserve Supreme at the AHS show at<br />

Bicton in 2019, SSADL Champion at<br />

Wiltshire and Champion at the VHS<br />

Championship Shows in 2019 and<br />

2020. The pair introduced themselves<br />

to dressage in the last season, qualifying<br />

for the BD Prelim and Novice finals.<br />

Ridden by Australian team member<br />

Kayla Moore at the NPS tri-nation team<br />

challenge in 2019 Claire describes Song<br />

of the Stars as “ a lovely person, enjoyed<br />

by the whole family” and a win in the<br />

Performance Scheme is a fitting swan<br />

song for him.<br />

Romanno Spotless (Stanley Grange<br />

Regal Heights x Chiddock Spot On) –<br />

Show jumping and Eventing<br />

Ness’s dam Chiddock Spot On enjoyed<br />

a stellar show hunter pony career<br />

culminating in winning the 2001 HOYS<br />

Supreme title. Deborah Walton-Smith<br />

followed her career and then followed<br />

her move to the Romanno Stud to<br />

breed. After purchasing a filly foal by<br />

Deanhills Royal Portrait in 2009 Debby<br />

decided that one Romanno pony was<br />

not enough, and asked Jennie Gilchrist<br />

if she could purchase Spoty’s next filly<br />

foal by Stanley Grange Regal Heights.<br />

Knowing that many of the Chiddock<br />

ponies had been top class workers,<br />

Debby hoped that with careful training<br />

Ness might become a useful event pony.<br />

Last year Ness qualified for the NPS<br />

Dressage Finals and also came 3rd in<br />

the 100cm at Ascott-Under-Wychwood<br />

Horse Trails – only her second outing at<br />

that height. The aim for <strong>2021</strong> is to<br />

compete more regularly at 100cm and<br />

if all goes well, aim for some Novice BE<br />

events towards the end of the season.<br />

Currently being brought on by rider<br />

Dibby Brown, Debby’s ultimate aim is<br />

to find a talented young rider to partner<br />

Ness on her journey towards becoming<br />

an FEI team pony.<br />

Talponciau Last Symphony (Borderland<br />

Cello x Talponciau Jyst Heavenly) -<br />

Dressage<br />

Jo Baker’s Talponciau Last Symphony<br />

beat last year’s winner, Rachel Bullock’s<br />

Stanley Grange Overture, into second<br />

place in the dressage section and was<br />

also the overall points winner this year.<br />

Due to the restricted competition season<br />

in 2020, points were awarded for<br />

accredited training for the first time, and<br />

Last Symphony attended sessions with<br />

Victoria Powell and Beth Hobbs and<br />

qualified for the BD Regionals Freestyle<br />

Novice and Freestyle Elementary. They<br />

have also pushed on to medium at<br />

unaffiliated level.<br />

The scheme offers another platform<br />

that can be used to showcase talents of<br />

the <strong>British</strong> Riding Pony and the NPS is<br />

keen to champion their versatility to a<br />

wider audience. This year’s Performance<br />

Scheme winners are all registered in<br />

the main Stud Book but since the early<br />

1990s the <strong>British</strong> Riding Pony Studbook<br />

has had a special registration option<br />

for ponies whose pedigree includes<br />

sport horse, sport pony or warmblood<br />

influence. These ponies may be<br />

registered in the <strong>British</strong> Riding Pony<br />

Sport Category as long as part of their<br />

ancestry is registered in the <strong>British</strong> Riding<br />

Pony Stud Book or Register or in the<br />

main section of one of the Mountain and<br />

Moorland stud books, the General Stud<br />

Book, or the Arab or Anglo Arab Stud<br />

Book. Ponies registered or over-stamped<br />

into the Sport Category are able to<br />

compete in both ridden and in hand<br />

<strong>British</strong> Riding Pony championships run<br />

by the NPS and many of these ponies<br />

also compete successfully in sport. BRP<br />

Sport Category ponies such as Pony<br />

European Eventing Gold medallist<br />

Catherston Nutsafe, CSI show jumper<br />

Catherston Bobby Bright, 2015 Cuddy<br />

Pony of the Year Kellythorpes Strikea-Pose<br />

and <strong>British</strong> Breeding Futurity<br />

Champion Larkhaven Half-a-Crown are<br />

all examples of the quality and prowess<br />

of ponies in the NPS Sport Category<br />

studbook. The BRP Sport Category is an<br />

exciting option for breeders wanting to<br />

utilise performance blood into their pony<br />

breeding programme.<br />

NPS Premium Stallion Scheme <strong>2021</strong><br />

The NPS Stud Book is pleased to be<br />

launching a new premium scheme for<br />

stallions in the <strong>2021</strong> season. The scheme<br />

is free and accessible to any registered<br />

and licensed BRP stallion owner and<br />

is intended to recognise and reward<br />

stallions consistently siring correct<br />

progeny. To obtain a premium ranking,<br />

a stallion will need to have sired 3<br />

different animals who have won at a BRP<br />

premium show in one season. To obtain<br />

a Super Premium ranking, a stallion<br />

will need to have obtained a premium<br />

ranking for 3 years, not necessarily<br />

concurrently. A Young Stallion Premium,<br />

for stallions 8 years and under, siring 2<br />

different animals who have won at a BRP<br />

Premium Show in one season will also be<br />

awarded.<br />


Main photo Romanno Spotless - Jasmine Punter Photography | Dressage photo Talponciau Last Symphony

Studbook - News<br />

Sport Horse Breeding<br />

of Great Britiain<br />

Whilst it seemed last winter would<br />

never end we have finally come<br />

through to spring and can now look<br />

forward to longer days though at the<br />

time of writing not seemingly warmer.<br />

Hopefully as restrictions are eased, we<br />

can all begin to prepare for getting<br />

out and about again with our horses.<br />

Throughout lockdown SHB(GB) office<br />

staff have been occupied with passport<br />

registrations and are now getting<br />

busier with horse registrations for the<br />

anticipated if belated showing season.<br />

Fingers crossed that we can all get<br />

through the summer without further<br />

cancellations.<br />

Mixology - Nick Gill Photography<br />

The Thoroughbred has long been the<br />

mainstay of The Society albeit demand<br />

faltered as specialised sport horse<br />

breeding became more widespread.<br />

The good news for those looking to<br />

add speed, refinement and quality to<br />

heavier and native type mares is that the<br />

Thoroughbred is back. Where it has been<br />

possible and working within guidelines,<br />

we have since the beginning of the year,<br />

graded five Thoroughbred stallions and<br />

recently added Mixology, Langaller<br />

Kings Manna and Oasis Boy to the<br />

studbook. The eight-year-old former<br />

winning racehorse Mixology standing<br />

at End House Stud near Clitheroe in<br />

Lancashire, is another by the successful<br />

sire Cape Cross (Green<br />

Desert-Ahonoora). He is out of<br />

Margarita by Marju, a full sister to the<br />

Group 1 winner Soviet Song. As a<br />

two-year-old Irish-bred Mixology joined<br />

Mark Johnson’s Yorkshire yard winning<br />

eight races and 18 places during his time<br />

there before relocating to Italy where in<br />

2019 he won the listed Coppa D’Oro di<br />

Milano. Contact Trudy Goulding at End<br />

House Stud www.endhousestud.co.uk<br />

As his name suggests four-year-old<br />

Langaller Kings Manna was bred by<br />

The Langaller Stud in Devon where he<br />

Langaller Kings Manna<br />

stands. He is by the successful National<br />

Hunt sire Arvico (Pistolet<br />

Bleu-Baillamont) out of Kingston Black<br />

by the well-known event sire Shaab.<br />

www.langallerfarm.co.uk<br />

The most recent to pass and the youngest<br />

of the trio is the three-year-old Oasis<br />

Boy who impressed judges with his style<br />

over a fence. By Brazen Beau (AUS)<br />

he is out of Midnight Fantasy by Oasis<br />

Dream and is now standing at Jane<br />

Townshend’d Classictop Stud in Sussex.<br />

www.classictopstud.com<br />

If you would like to grade a stallion with<br />

SHB(GB) then please contact Marian in<br />

the office.<br />


At the time of writing we are planning<br />

and preparing for our summer<br />

championship show which we hope<br />

will be able to go ahead on July (7<br />

& 8 July at Addington EC). There are<br />

plenty of classes for all, mares and<br />

youngstock in-hand as well as ridden<br />

and working hunter classes all offering<br />

great prizes and trophies to the winners<br />

and champions. Download schedules<br />

from the SHB(GB) website. We are also<br />

setting out dates and venues for mare<br />

grading and our popular conformation<br />

clinics. We were unable to run any<br />

last year so we look forward to being<br />

able to go forward with these this year.<br />

Conformation clinics present the ideal<br />

opportunity to brush up on conformation<br />

with listed judges in an informal<br />

environment. Ideal for those hoping to<br />

become judges. Please keep an eye on<br />

the website and the Face Book page<br />

for further dates and venues. If you are<br />

willing to host either a mare grading<br />

or organise a conformation clinic then<br />

please contact the office.<br />


8th <strong>May</strong> Bicton Arena: SHB(GB) South<br />

West is running an in-hand and ridden<br />

showing clinic, followed by a ridden and<br />

in-hand show. Jayne Ross will be taking<br />

the clinic starting at 10am. For more<br />

information keep an eye on the Face<br />

Book page, SHB(GB) South West, or<br />

email, southwestshbgb@gmail.com<br />

Sunday 30th & Monday 31st <strong>May</strong><br />

SHB(GB) Southern Regional Show,<br />

Brook Farm EC, Stapleford Abbotts,<br />

Romford, Essex RM4 1EJ<br />

Showing classes including RIHS<br />

Hunter qualifiers, SEIB Your Horse Live<br />

qualifiers, plus unaffiliated Novice,<br />

Amateur & Home Produced classes<br />

for Hacks, Cobs, Riding Horses, Show,<br />

Show Hunter & Intermediate Ponies.<br />

Part-bred Ara b and Coloured classes.<br />

Mare grading available on the Sunday<br />

www.katiejerram.co.uk<br />

shbsouthernregionalshow@hotmail.com<br />



SHB(GB) Grading, Conformation<br />

Clinic and Open Stud visit<br />

Saturday <strong>May</strong> 15th Mare Grading<br />

and Conformation Clinic<br />

Sunday <strong>May</strong> 16th Open Day;<br />

Stallion Viewing, Mares, foals and<br />

cream teas. Open to all members<br />

and non-members.<br />

Times and charges on the website<br />


Sunday <strong>May</strong> 30th, Brook Farm EC<br />

Stapleford Abbotts, RM4 1EJ<br />

Please download the SHB(GB) Mare<br />

Grading Entry Form, available from the<br />

website www.sporthorsegb.co.uk, under<br />

“Downloads” and submit the completed<br />

form, together with the entry fee of £65<br />

to SHB(GB) office by 21st <strong>May</strong> <strong>2021</strong><br />

Saturday <strong>May</strong> 15th Langaller Farm,<br />

Bovey Tracey, Devon TQ13 9JP<br />

Tuesday June 22nd West Kington Stud,<br />

nr Chippenham, Wilts SN14 7JE<br />

Saturday June 26th Millbry Hill Stud,<br />

Great Ayton, North Yorks, TS9 6QD<br />

For Mare Grading info & booking<br />

forms visit theSHB(GB) website. For<br />

any questions then please contact our<br />

stud book manager Marian Eydmann<br />

(marian@sporthorsegb.co.uk).<br />

T: 01732 866277<br />

E: info@sporthorsegb.co.uk<br />

W: www.sporthorsegb.co.uk<br />


Studbook - News<br />

Ada Marson riding Tullibards Clover - Photo John Cole<br />

The Sports Pony Studbook Society<br />

Team Work<br />

Makes the<br />

Dream Work<br />

Yes, it’s a cliché – but from the smallest<br />

team of just the pony/horse and rider<br />

to the wider team of family, trainer,<br />

farrier, vet (hopefully not too often!)<br />

and more, all need to work together to<br />

bring sports pony breeders’ dreams to<br />

reality. The SPSS team prides itself on<br />

working to support all SPSS passported,<br />

graded or overstamped equines from<br />

issuing pedigree passports through to<br />

celebrating their success – and we are<br />

delighted that, even though at the time<br />

of writing the <strong>2021</strong> competition season<br />

has only just been able to start, we are<br />

already seeing SPSS ponies and their<br />

riders out competing and achieving.<br />

We’ve spotted 6 year old SPSS<br />

passported SOS Stevie Pink (by SOS<br />

Kantje’s Unicolor out of a part-bred<br />

Connemara) getting placed in <strong>British</strong><br />

Showjumping classes with Megan Trott<br />

who is giving him valuable experience<br />

and hopes to have some fun times with<br />

him this year with the short term goal<br />

of jumping him in a Newcomer second<br />

round or a JC Royal International<br />

Hickstead qualifier. Their plan is that<br />

Megan will produce Stevie in her time<br />

left in juniors for her sister Kaitlin to then<br />

take him on for a couple of years.<br />

Out eventing with good results at the top<br />

pony level, we’ve seen SPSS registered<br />

Irish-bred Tullibards Clover & Ada<br />

Marson win one of the first Pony Trials,<br />

SPSS passported Miss Winifred Wilde<br />

(by Up With The Lark) & Emily Worsdale<br />

place 8th in the same class and SPSS<br />

passported Just Paddington (by SPSS<br />

Elite Laban out of a Welsh Sec C<br />

mare) & Ada Marson finish on their<br />

dressage score. Also that weekend,<br />

SPSS passported Buzz Lightyear (by<br />

Romulus) & Maisy Spratt were 6th in the<br />

other Pony Trial. We’re very excited to<br />

see how the rest of the Pony Trials go for<br />

these (and other) combinations as they<br />

pursue their dreams of Pony Euros Team<br />

selection.<br />

Miss Winifred Wilde<br />

Image by Qorum Photos<br />


Studbook - News<br />

Buzz Lightyear (in the April snow!)<br />

Image Qorum Photos<br />

In the dressage arena, we’re delighted<br />

that SPSS passported & graded and past<br />

Pony Euros GB Team Pony LE Chiffre has<br />

a new rider, 14 year old Libby Hart, who<br />

has a popular Facebook page (Libby<br />

Hart Dressage) which we can all follow<br />

their progress on – and we can also get<br />

a parental view of the pony dressage<br />

scene through her father’s “Skint<br />

Dressage Daddy” page! LE Chiffre is<br />

by SPSS Elite graded Caesar 171, who<br />

celebrated his 32nd birthday recently<br />

and, with another two of his other<br />

<strong>British</strong>-bred progeny (SPSS graded Ella<br />

& SPSS registered George Clooney B.S.)<br />

having also been to the Pony Euros with<br />

previous riders, maybe Caesar’s owners<br />

(and LE Chiffre’s breeders), Bev and<br />

Samantha Brown, will see their dream of<br />

a team of Caesar’s progeny representing<br />

GB at the Pony Euros become reality….<br />

Meanwhile, we’re very much hoping that<br />

the proven, European Silver and Gold<br />

Medal winning, combination of SPSS<br />

passported Midnight (by Hilkens Black<br />

Delight out of Broomwich Cassandra)<br />

maintain that form and get selected for<br />

the delayed Tokyo Paralympics which<br />

are now scheduled for late August.<br />

<strong>2021</strong> Grading & Evaluation<br />

News<br />

Planning is now well underway for a<br />

blended approach to SPSS Gradings<br />

& Evaluation in <strong>2021</strong>. We have once<br />

again “teamed up” with the <strong>British</strong><br />

Breeding Futurity, so will be running full<br />

in-person stallion & mare gradings at<br />

ALL the Futurity events in late August<br />

SOS Stevie Pink - Photo Dan Trott<br />

(COVID restrictions & God willing!).<br />

In addition, we will once again offer<br />

online Mare eGradings over the summer<br />

and virtual Stallion eAssessment is an<br />

option throughout this year to allow<br />

stallion owners, pony breeders and<br />

SPSS members even greater flexibility.<br />

SPSS Youngstock Evaluations will be<br />

conducted, as for the previous two years,<br />

alongside the <strong>British</strong> Breeding Futurity<br />

evaluation series, again with the option<br />

of virtual or in person assessments.<br />

So now all we need are fair winds and<br />

following seas! Look out for date/<br />

venue announcements very soon on our<br />

Facebook page - Sports Pony Studbook<br />

Society (SPSS) and website.<br />

NEW Special Offer for <strong>2021</strong><br />

To encourage sports pony breeders to<br />


for their foals, we are now able to offer<br />

these at the absolutely incredible price<br />

of JUST £95 including all DNA testing,<br />

provided that at least one parent is SPSS<br />

graded and the passport application<br />

arrives at the Studbook Office by 1st<br />

November in year of birth.<br />

Tel: 07703 566066<br />

Email: sportsponies@gmail.com<br />

www.sportpony.org.uk<br />


Studbook - News<br />

The Trakehners <strong>Breeder</strong>s Fraternity are<br />

pleased to announce their annual mare<br />

and stallion grading will be held this<br />

year on Tuesday 24th August at Solihull<br />

Riding Centre in the West Midlands.<br />

We are working in partnership with The<br />

National Stallion Association (NASTA)<br />

who will be running their Performance<br />

Tests over the same days.<br />

Entries will open shortly but in the<br />

meantime we ask all owners who are<br />

interested in sending their mare or<br />

stallion forward for grading to contact<br />

the Show Organiser Sacha Shaw on<br />

show-organiser@trakehners.uk.com or<br />

message the Trakehners UK FaceBook<br />

page so we can start to plan for the<br />

expected numbers.<br />

As usual we will be inviting a judge<br />

from the Trakehner Verband to join our<br />

<strong>British</strong> judges in assessing the mares<br />

and stallions that come forward.<br />

Prominent riders in the UK continue<br />

to discover the quality the Trakehner<br />

horse can offer them as their partners<br />

in sport. International Grand Prix rider<br />

Sonnar Murray-Brown already has a<br />

tremendous partnership with his Latimer<br />

gelding Erlentanz TSF and has now<br />

added three new Trakehners to his<br />

string.<br />

The 4 year old Samba by Millennium<br />

, St.Pr.u.Pr.St. Herbstrot by All Inklusive<br />

and the licensed stallion Sinatra by<br />

Honoré du Soir have all arrived in<br />

Gloucestershire and we are very<br />

excited to follow their progress.<br />

Although the competition season has<br />

only just got underway within the last<br />

week, Godington Stud have already<br />

got some dressage wins under their<br />

belts with licensed stallion Godington<br />

Utah winning at Elementary and<br />

Godington Ultimo at Novice.<br />

www.trakehners.uk.com<br />

Sonnar Murray-Brown und Erlentanz<br />

Photo - www.jess-photography.co.uk<br />


Avant Techno (UK) Ltd<br />

sales@avant.co.uk<br />

The perfect little helper for any task<br />

avant.co.uk<br />


Studbook - News<br />

Endurance Riding – Lumahla Gold ridden by Mary<br />

Chowne – Photo Eric Jones<br />

Arabian Stallions at the famous Crabbet Arabian<br />

Stud in Sussex – Photo Crabbet Archives<br />

death adventures. They made a plan<br />

after a few weeks of arriving in Syria.<br />

Originally, they were going in search of<br />

descendants of the Darley Arabian but<br />

their plans changed and they decided to<br />

bring back Arabian horses to preserve<br />

the blood and start a stud at Crabbet<br />

Park, Worth, Sussex, England. In 1887<br />

this plan became reality as the first<br />

Arabians arrived at last.<br />

When the Blunt’s daughter, Lady<br />

Wentworth took over the stud, it<br />

flourished. Horses were sold all over the<br />

world, including the Americas, Russia,<br />

Australia and South Africa. The Blunts<br />

also had a stud in Cairo called Sheikh<br />

Obeyd. They were very fortunate to be<br />

able to purchase many horses from Ali<br />

Pasha Sherif which were highly sought<br />

after. The horses were bred to be ridden<br />

and conformation and endurance were<br />

important criteria. If the horses did not<br />

breed to standard, they were sold on.<br />

So, the Arabian horse is found<br />

world-wide with lines from Crabbet,<br />

Egypt, Russia, Spain and Poland. The<br />

Polish Government studs played a huge<br />

part in the Arabian breed and were<br />

renowned for fine moving and beautiful<br />

mares. The Russian State Studs also had<br />

a huge influence in performance horses.<br />

Egyptian Arabians trace back to the<br />

Egyptian Agricultural Stud. Interestingly<br />

the EAO purchased many of the horses<br />

from the Blunts Sheikh Obeyd stud.<br />

Bio-diversity in the Arabian Horse<br />

By Caroline Sussex<br />

The Arabian horse has a unique origin<br />

and history. Not only is it one of the<br />

founding breeds of the Thoroughbred<br />

but it has its own history steeped in the<br />

Middle East. It was the horse used in<br />

gazu raids between the tribes of the<br />

desert and the Arabian was renowned<br />

for its speed and agility together with<br />

endurance. The Arabian Horse is the<br />

horse of the Middle East and it is from<br />

there that the breed was purchased and<br />

is now world renowned. A few Arabians<br />

were imported to the UK in the 1700’s<br />

and 1800’s.<br />

However, it was a chance journey to the<br />

Middle East by Lady Anne and Wilfrid<br />

Scawen Blunt that the history of the<br />

Arabian really took shape.<br />

The Blunts were an intrepid and colourful<br />

couple. Wilfrid with his impetuous<br />

character and good looks got involved<br />

with politics and Lady Anne with her<br />

amazing mind, grand-daughter of Byron<br />

and gentle nature had many talents<br />

including being able to speak fluent<br />

Arabic. Their journeys into the desert in<br />

the 1800’s were fraught with life and<br />

The UK Arab Horse Society was<br />

formed in 1918 and the first President<br />

was Wilfrid Scawen Blunt. The Society<br />

started their own stud book to register<br />

the Arabian Horse as the GSB, who had<br />

been registering Arabians, closed this<br />

section of their stud book to any new<br />

horses. However, descendants of the<br />

original entries were maintained in the<br />

GSB until 1966. The Arab Horse Society<br />

promotes the cross breeding of Arabians<br />

into light horse breeding. Many famous<br />

horses and ponies carry Arabian blood<br />

to name just a few: Tamarillo, Rex the<br />

Robber and Pretty Polly (the feature<br />

article in the 28th March edition of<br />

Horse and Hound).<br />

In 1970, a group of Arabian enthusiasts<br />

from around the world, including some<br />

from the UK held a historic meeting in<br />

London. Here the World Arabian Horse<br />


Studbook - News<br />

Organisation (WAHO) was founded.<br />

Today, there are 82 countries affiliated<br />

to WAHO as registering Authority<br />

Members, either in their own right or in<br />

the care of a neighbouring studbook<br />

authority. WAHO is responsible for<br />

ensuring that standards acceptable<br />

to all Registering Authority Members<br />

are established and maintained in<br />

the matters of regulations, methods of<br />

registration and production of Stud<br />

Books. The basic objectives of WAHO<br />

are:<br />

• To preserve, improve and maintain<br />

the purity of the blood of horses of<br />

the Arabian breed and to promote<br />

public interest in the breeding of<br />

Arabian horses;<br />

• To promote and facilitate the<br />

acquisition and distribution of the<br />

knowledge in all Countries of the<br />

history, care and treatment of horses<br />

of the Arabian breed;<br />

• To advise and co-ordinate the<br />

policies and activities of Members<br />

of the Organization;<br />

• To co-operate with any person<br />

or body of persons domiciled<br />

throughout the world in an<br />

endeavour to promote uniformity<br />

in terminology, definitions and<br />

procedures relative to the breed of<br />

Arabian horses;<br />

• To act in a consultative capacity<br />

in discussion and negotiation with<br />

International, National and other<br />

authorities on matters concerning<br />

horses of the Arabian breed.<br />

At the historic 1970 meeting in London<br />

Major Ian Hedley said something which<br />

the Executive Committee of WAHO still<br />

believe in to this day. He said the world<br />

saw the Arabian horse in the beginning<br />

as a war horse, but he hoped that it<br />

would finally become an instrument of<br />

peace and understanding.<br />

All the members of WAHO Executive<br />

have to be thanked for the tremendous<br />

contribution they have made over the<br />

years, as they worked together to turn<br />

this hope into a reality, in the interest<br />

of the Arabian horse. With its strong<br />

commitment to protecting the integrity<br />

of the world’s Arabian studbooks, to<br />

education and to equine welfare issues<br />

especially those which affect our breed,<br />

WAHO’s achievements over the past<br />

forty years have laid a solid foundation<br />

on which to build for the future, as we<br />

face the many challenges facing horse<br />

breeders and owners everywhere,<br />

and the scientific and communication<br />

innovations that lie ahead.<br />

WAHO Conferences are held around<br />

the world bi-annually. Delegates and<br />

Observers join together to listen to<br />

exceptional talks and demonstrations.<br />

They are able to see Arabian horses<br />

in different countries and discuss and<br />

debate issues affecting all Registries.<br />

There is a Registrars meeting to kick<br />

off the Conferences whilst Observers<br />

may enjoy special guided tours of the<br />

cities and areas before and after the<br />

Conference Events.<br />

The Arabian Mare, a true friend. Aliha and Emma<br />

Maxwell – photo Sweet Photography<br />

Following the very interesting webinars<br />

from <strong>British</strong> Breeding, it seems that<br />

worldwide organisations are now being<br />

encouraged to help in the preservation<br />

of breeds and to increase the gene pools<br />

– for instance the Thoroughbreds and the<br />

Cleveland Bays.<br />

Perhaps Arabian breeders have<br />

already more knowledge of what<br />

can go wrong with science through<br />

worldwide experience. There are<br />

mandatory WAHO registration rules<br />

which are written into every country’s<br />

own registration rules together with some<br />

recommendations which each country<br />

can decide whether to adopt or not.<br />

Votes are taken on whether to accept<br />

these rules at the Conferences with each<br />

country having 2 votes.<br />

Prior to the use of AI, horses were sold<br />

and transported around the world. AI<br />

changed many things. First, popular<br />

stallions were able to breed more<br />

mares. Stallions of lower fertility were<br />

also able to breed by AI. The number of<br />

stallions available started to shrink and<br />

the use of popular in hand show horses<br />

focussed people’s attention around the<br />

world, using similar popular bloodlines<br />

in many countries. Before AI a distinct<br />

difference of Arabian horse was found in<br />

different countries depending on which<br />

bloodlines were imported. <strong>Breeder</strong>s<br />

set up groups of horses, for instance,<br />

Crabbet, Pure Egyptian, Polish and<br />

Spanish.<br />

Now most of these groups have bred<br />

together so limiting outcrosses. The<br />

result is a smaller, not larger gene pool.<br />

The late Rosemary Archer, author and<br />

breeder, constantly reminded people<br />

that upsetting the equilibrium would<br />

cause serious harm to the breed. Other<br />

people also believe that the Arabian is<br />

seen by many as a hot-blooded horse<br />

which is not the case. Most Arabians<br />

are the kindest, friendliest and smartest<br />

horse there is. Once you have ridden<br />

an Arabian, many are hooked for life.<br />

They are your best friend and there for<br />

you. As a family riding horse, they are<br />

perfect, neither too big nor too small<br />

and able to carry weight. So how do we<br />

use this knowledge today? In the light of<br />

the many interesting webinars that have<br />

been held during lockdown, perhaps we<br />

can learn a few things. The Arabian gene<br />

pool is shrinking fast despite bloodlines<br />

available in so many countries. In this<br />

country, particularly, there are not many<br />

people who are able to keep a stallion.<br />

As a result, many good and talented<br />

colts end up as geldings.<br />

One scenario needs to be looked at.<br />

Semen can be collected once a horse<br />

is 3 years old. If people are able to<br />

keep their colts entire until this age, then<br />

these colts can be collected and their<br />

semen frozen. This way more stallions<br />

can be available and the gene pool<br />

can be increased. I believe storing<br />

frozen semen, is cheaper than owning a<br />

stallion. The stallion can then be gelded<br />

and take up a competition career. It is<br />

more and more difficult getting help to<br />

stand stallions at stud, having visiting<br />

mares can be hard work especially with<br />

vet’s visits and other issues. The cost of<br />

sending a mare to an AI Centre is not so<br />

high in comparison.<br />

Sadly, it has been seen that accepting<br />

new forms of science can start off as a<br />

benefit to breeding but unfortunately<br />

can then be abused. It has been seen<br />

that AI and Embryo Transfer have two<br />

downsides. With AI a stallion can<br />

inseminate far more mares with one<br />

collection and with embryo transfer in<br />

some countries it is so normal that mares<br />

are flushed numerous times and even<br />

as maidens, and never have their own<br />

foal. One Arabian registry in Europe<br />

has 25% of its registered foals annually<br />

by embryo transfer. We do not yet know<br />

the full affect all this has on mares, but<br />

some people are concerned about the<br />

welfare of the donor mares. Science can<br />

help but how far do we go?<br />

With the new post Covid era beginning,<br />

I believe the Arabian and its derivative<br />

can give a rider the wonderful feeling of<br />

freedom and fun. Whatever equestrian<br />

sport you want to do, the Arabian can<br />

compete in or riders can just enjoy this<br />

beautiful country of ours riding a horse.<br />

However, we need to secure the future of<br />

this gracious breed or it may be lost and<br />

it will also be on the critical list.<br />












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Features - Nasta<br />

Inside NaStA<br />

by Victoria von Wachter<br />

The National Stallion Association<br />

(NaStA) was formed in 1981 to maintain<br />

and improve stallion approval standards<br />

when Ministry of Agriculture Stallion<br />

Licensing was abolished by repealing<br />

parts of the 1958 Horse Breeding Act.<br />

The Association sets a minimum standard<br />

of stallion vetting to which all its member<br />

societies adhere, and since 1991 has<br />

organised a Stallion Performance Test<br />

open to all breeds. Since that time over<br />

150 candidates - stallions, mares and<br />

breeding geldings - from 20 breeds<br />

have been forward for the Test<br />

The system operates through a process<br />

of qualification at home during the<br />

spring and summer with candidates only<br />

being allowed forward for the Final<br />

Days in August having completed three<br />

qualification certificates indicating a<br />

sufficient standard in dressage, show<br />

jumping and XC jumping. Qualification<br />

certificates are endorsed by BHSIs or<br />

any rider/competitor with senior level<br />

international experience.<br />

The Final Days run over two days to<br />

allow younger horses to conserve<br />

energy; they are not equivalent to a ODE<br />

– they are more demanding comprising<br />

eight phases consisting of assessment of:<br />

• Flat work<br />

• Judge’s ridden work<br />

• Free jumping<br />

• Show jumping<br />

• Paces<br />

• Cross Country<br />

• Gallop<br />

• Ending with veterinary inspections<br />

Full detail of the phases can be found on<br />

the NaStA website.<br />

The marking system is comprehensive<br />

and creates a final result designated<br />

Class 3 (70 – 99) Class 2 (100 – 119)<br />

Class 1 (120 – 139) and Class 1Elite<br />

(140+) from a total possible mark of<br />

200.<br />

The test is primarily intended for young<br />

stallions so handicaps are made for<br />

horses over 5 years old. Having said this<br />

the list is full of older stallions who have<br />

performed extremely well even with<br />

the score reductions. Further analyses<br />

of the scores produce indices for<br />

dressage, jumping and rideability. These<br />

are extremely useful for mare owners<br />

seeking stallions particularly talented in<br />

a particular area.<br />


Features - Nasta<br />

This year we move to a new venue at Solihull Riding Club<br />

which we hope will prove to be as long term as our previous<br />

excellent site, Milton Keynes. This year our assessors will be<br />

Martyne Galland (BD List 3), Pauline Ricketts (BS) and Tom<br />

Rowlands (CCI). Our VS as always will be Jane Nixon.<br />

On preparation it is very important to note that you cannot<br />

drag your stallion out of the field, find an obliging International<br />

to sign off your qualification certificates a couple of weeks<br />

before the Final Days and then turn up and expect to do well.<br />

Final Days are not a competition that can be entered again –<br />

candidates only get one ‘go’ at it.<br />

With Britain having left the EU our domestic Performance<br />

Test is of growing importance and we hope that numbers will<br />

continue to increase.<br />

We look forward to welcoming participants and spectators<br />

on 24 and 25 August at Solihull Riding Club. Keep an eye<br />

on our FB page for more specific detail of timings. Interested<br />

owners should visit the NaStA website to learn more about the<br />

test. Telephone assistance is also available from the NaStA<br />

Secretary or the Performance Test Director on<br />

telephone 01869 277562.<br />

<br />

The <strong>2021</strong> Performance Test Qualification window<br />

is now open. Final Days set for 24/25 August at<br />

Solihull Riding Club, Bentley Heath, Solihull B93 8QE.<br />

All breeds of horse and pony stallions and mares<br />

and – since 2016 – breeding geldings are eligible.<br />

Entries close 1 August.<br />

Stallion Owners – let your young stallion join the<br />

ranks of such stars as Catherston Decipher,<br />

Godington Hannibal and All That Jazz.<br />

If you want to promote your young stallion as a<br />

competition sire then the NASTA Performance Test<br />

is a must. Also useful for the older stallion who<br />

has not had a chance to compete.<br />

For full details call 01869 277562 or see<br />

<br />


Studbook - News<br />


Features - Foaling the Mare<br />

Preparation<br />

for foaling<br />

By Dr Jonathan Pycock<br />

BVetMed PhD DESM MRCVS<br />

Following on from the popular<br />

webinars held recently in association<br />

with Twemlows Stud, Dr Jonathan<br />

Pycock shares his notes on preparing<br />

for foaling to provide breeders with<br />

some guidance and to hopefully<br />

ensure the foaling goes as smoothly as<br />

possible.<br />

Mares should be well cared for during<br />

pregnancy to ensure the birth of a<br />

normal, healthy foal. This includes:<br />

(1) Adequate but not excessive<br />

feeding<br />

(2) Proper parasite control.<br />

(3) Vaccinating the mare 1 month<br />

before foaling to ensure that<br />

her colostrum has the necessary<br />

antibodies. Vaccination of the<br />

pregnant mare has the dual purpose of<br />

protecting the dam and also the foal.<br />

(4) Moving the mare into the<br />

environment where she is going to<br />

foal 6 weeks before she is due, so<br />

that the mare can get used to her new<br />

environment and the handling<br />

procedures. It will also ensure that her<br />

colostrum will contain the protective<br />

antibodies against infections there.<br />

Ideally mares should foal in special<br />

housing called a foaling box. The<br />

foaling box should be at least 4 x<br />

4m for an average 500-kg mare<br />

and be well-ventilated but free from<br />

draughts. Bedding should be dust-free,<br />

preferably comprising plenty of highquality<br />

straw.<br />

Monitoring the mare for<br />

foaling<br />

A mare should be observed closely<br />

late in pregnancy. Physical changes<br />

indicating impending delivery include:<br />

(1) Development of the udder or<br />

mammary gland. There is an increase<br />

in the size of the mammary gland in<br />

the last month of pregnancy and this is<br />

particularly noticeable in the 2 weeks<br />

before birth. Once this increase is<br />

noted, the mare should be moved to a<br />

foaling box where she can be watched<br />

easily during the night.<br />

(2) Relaxation of the pelvic ligaments.<br />

(3) Lengthening of the vulva.<br />

(4) Just before foaling the udder<br />

typically becomes very swollen and<br />

there is a waxy secretion noticeable on<br />

the teat ends. This is known as ‘waxing’<br />

and is usually a sign that foaling will<br />

be within 1–4 days. Sometimes milk<br />

can run from the udder ahead of<br />

foaling and lose the colostrum.<br />

Such foals can be at risk from not<br />

getting enough colostrum and must be<br />

given extra care in the first few days<br />

after foaling.<br />


The best approach to managing a<br />

foaling mare is to watch her very closely<br />

but without disturbing her. Having an<br />

experienced attendant watching the<br />

mare and assisting if necessary is the<br />

best way of reducing the risk of problems<br />

at foaling. However, mares vary<br />

tremendously in the signs of impending<br />

foaling that they actually show, hence it<br />

is possible to waste much time waiting<br />

for a mare to foal. To avoid this, options<br />

include:<br />

(1) Measuring the electrolyte<br />

concentrations in prefoaling udder<br />

secretions using kits that are available<br />

commercially. These kits measure<br />

electrolyte levels in a sample of udder<br />

secretion. When the amount of calcium in<br />

the milk increases above a certain level,<br />

over 95% of mares will foal within 72h.<br />

(2) Foaling alarm systems, such as a<br />

small transmitter lightly stitched to the<br />

mare’s vulva. When she pushes the<br />

fetal membranes through the vulva<br />

at the beginning of foaling, a pin in<br />

the transmitter is pushed out. This then<br />

sets an alarm off, which activates the<br />

attendant’s pager. The disadvantage is<br />

that the alarm only alerts you once the<br />

mare starts to deliver, so you need to be<br />

nearby.<br />

(3) Foaling alarm systems that strap<br />

around the whole mare and sound an<br />

alarm if or when she sweats during<br />

delivery. The disadvantage of this is that<br />

if the mare does not sweat it does not go<br />

off. Closed-circuit TV is also commonly<br />

used. Because parturition is very rapid<br />

in mares, it is important to monitor them<br />

very closely.<br />

Nursing/management checks<br />

before foaling - It is important to<br />

check if the vulva has been stitched<br />

(Caslick’s operation). If she has been<br />

‘stitched’ it is important to ‘open’ the<br />

vulva before foaling. It is not enough<br />

just to remove the stitches that were put<br />

in when the mare was ‘Caslicked’, and<br />

in any case these should have been<br />

removed 2 weeks after the procedure.<br />

The stitched area must be cut open<br />

before the foal emerges. If this is not<br />

done, at best the tissue of that area will<br />

tear and bruise severely, making future<br />

repair difficult; at worst, the foal will<br />

suffocate. It is also an important hygiene<br />

measure to wash and dry the mare’s<br />

udder.<br />

Parturition<br />

Parturition is the term used to describe<br />

the expul-sion of the fetus (and its<br />

membranes) from the uterus through the<br />

maternal passages by natural forces.<br />

The most important initiating factor for<br />

parturition is the maturation of the fetal<br />

hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis.<br />

The production of cortisol from the fetal<br />

adrenal gland may be the ultimate<br />

trigger of the process of parturition.<br />

This increase in cortisol indicates the<br />

foal’s ‘readiness for birth’. Oxytocin is<br />

the hormone produced by the dam and<br />

plays a key role in all stages of labour.<br />

In the mare oxytocin release can be<br />

blocked by external stimuli, which allows<br />

the mare, at least temporarily, to resist<br />

the fetal signals for birth, e.g. if she is<br />

disturbed. The act of parturition is a<br />

continuous process but it is customary<br />

to divide it into three stages, as in other<br />

species.<br />

First Stage - This lasts for 1–4h<br />

and begins with the onset of uterine<br />

contractions. The changes are not visible<br />

externally but they prepare the birth<br />

canal and fetus for expulsion. During this<br />

stage the muscles of the uterus begin to<br />

contract and push the fetus against the<br />

cervix. This helps the cervix to dilate. The<br />

foal begins to move of its own accord,<br />

rotating itself and extending the front legs<br />

and head. The increasing myometrial<br />

activity, together with spontaneous fetal<br />

movements, will result in rotation of the<br />

cranial part of the fetal body into a<br />

dorsosacral position. The front legs and<br />

head are extended. These processes<br />

usually result in discomfort in the mare<br />

and the following signs:<br />

• Becoming restless and exhibiting<br />

colic-like signs (looking at flanks, tail<br />

switching, frequently getting up and<br />

down).<br />

• Exhibiting patchy sweating (flanks,<br />

neck, behind elbows).<br />

• Yawning.<br />

• When the cervix is fully dilated<br />

the allantoic membrane ruptures<br />

and several litres of allantoic fluid<br />

escape from the genital tract. This<br />

is popularly called ‘the waters<br />

breaking’ and indicates the end of<br />

the first stage.<br />

As the mare approaches the end of the<br />

first stage of labour her tail should be<br />

bandaged and her vulval area cleaned<br />

and dried. Mares do not normally strain<br />

during the first stage of parturition.<br />

Second Stage - The onset of the<br />

second stage occurs abruptly and<br />

commences with the onset of forcible<br />

abdominal straining and/or the<br />

appearance of the amnion. These<br />

two features usually occur almost<br />

Features - Foaling the Mare<br />

simultaneously. During stage two, actual<br />

delivery of the foal takes place. The<br />

mare usually lies down and goes into<br />

lateral recumbency until the foal is born.<br />

The outer red membrane ruptures and<br />

the amnion (transparent bluish-white<br />

membrane) is quickly visible at the vulva<br />

and fluid and a fetal foot should be<br />

visible. Straining occurs regularly and<br />

both front feet should soon appear. As<br />

the amnion emerges at the vulva, one<br />

foreleg is in front of the other by some<br />

10cm. Shortly the nose should appear<br />

also. The greatest effort is associated<br />

with delivering the head, with the<br />

passage of the chest and hips usually<br />

occurring relatively easily. As the head<br />

and shoulders pass through the pelvis,<br />

the amnion should rupture. If necessary,<br />

the mare can be assisted by gentle<br />

pulling on the foal’s front legs.<br />

The foal has a relatively long umbilical<br />

cord, which is still intact after delivery.<br />

When possible, the cord should be<br />

left intact for a few minutes to help<br />

the circulation of the newborn foal.<br />

Care should be taken not to disturb<br />

the mare at this stage or she may rise<br />

and rupture the cord. The cord usually<br />

ruptures at a predetermined place<br />

due to movements of the mare and/<br />

or foal several minutes (up to 15min)<br />

after birth. Once the umbilical cord has<br />

ruptured, the stump should be checked<br />

for haemorrhage and disinfected with<br />

dilute chlorhexidine. This disinfection of<br />

the navel needs to be repeated several<br />

times during the first few days of life. If<br />

the mare is still lying down, the foal can<br />

be moved towards the mare’s head to try<br />

to reduce the chance of the foal being<br />

stood on when the mare attempts to get<br />

up. All disturbances should be kept to a<br />

minimum during this stage. The second<br />

stage of labour usually occurs at night;<br />

the average duration is about 15min and<br />

normally it should not exceed 1h.<br />

Third stage - This involves passage<br />

of the fetal membranes, often termed<br />

‘delivery of the afterbirth’, and<br />

usually occurs within 1h on average<br />

and should not take more than 2h.<br />

Continuing myometrial activity plays<br />

an important role during this process.<br />

There is controversy with respect to the<br />

time interval for placental expulsion.<br />

Recognition of the precise time at which<br />

the process has become pathological if<br />

the membranes have not been passed<br />

is difficult.The placenta initially should<br />

be tied up so that it hangs just above<br />

the hocks. This should avoid it being<br />

stepped on before it is passed. If the<br />

placenta is not passed within 3h, the vet<br />

should be contacted. The uterus contracts<br />

very quickly after foaling and this<br />

process carries on for several days until<br />

the uterus is almost as small as it was<br />

before the mare became pregnant. This<br />

process of becoming smaller is known as<br />

‘involution’.<br />



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• BEVA accredited practice for AI - fresh, chilled & frozen<br />

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• Mares boarded at the hospital<br />

• Subfertility investigations of mares and stallions<br />

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For further information, please contact us at:<br />

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<strong>Breeder</strong> Spotlight - Breen Equestrian<br />

Shane Breen & Can Ya Makan<br />

Photo Nigel Goddard<br />

Breen Equestrian<br />

By Victoria Goff<br />

Talk about getting off to a good start.<br />

Back when showjumper Shane Breen<br />

was based in his native County<br />

Tipperary, he invested in some<br />

broodmares with his cousin John Griffin,<br />

and one of the first foals he bred was<br />

Cos I Can (Olympic Lux x Carel View<br />

Lass). “He ended up being a wonderful<br />

horse to me,” says Shane. “By eight he<br />

was jumping in five-star Grands Prix,<br />

and at 10 he jumped double clear at<br />

Hickstead to win the Nations Cup.”<br />

Shane’s passion for sport horse breeding<br />

has only increased in the two decades<br />

then, and he has recently expanded<br />

his business with the opening of Pook<br />

Bourne Stud, sited just across the A23<br />

from his Hickstead base. Originally just<br />

green fields, Shane and his wife Chloe<br />

have spent the winter having it<br />

transformed into a state-of-the-art<br />

breeding facility, including stabling for<br />

up to 85 horses, a 50x25m barn with<br />

eight large youngstock pens, and a<br />

purpose-built AI lab. Starting the place<br />

from a blank canvas has allowed them to<br />

design it specifically for the stud’s needs,<br />

and the finishing touches are being put<br />

in place just as the busiest period of the<br />

season gets underway.<br />

Shane married Chloe (nee Bunn) in<br />

2007, and together they have built Breen<br />

Equestrian into a huge showjumping<br />

operation. They have continued to<br />

develop the breeding side of the<br />

business both here in the UK and in<br />

Shane’s native Ireland, with some mares<br />

based with John Griffin and others kept<br />

with one of Shane’s friends and owners,<br />

Konstantin Pysarenko in the Ukraine. In<br />

total, they’re aiming for around 30 foals<br />

each year, with around half of those due<br />

to be born at Pook Bourne Stud.<br />

Originally the breeding side of the<br />

business was run at Hickstead<br />

alongside the competition yard, but with<br />

the sheer number of horses it made sense<br />

to separate the two. It has had benefits<br />

for the stallions, says Shane, who<br />

understand they have a job to do at<br />

each site. “Keeping it separate means<br />

the stallions can be based at Hickstead<br />

for work, but go over to Pook Bourne<br />

Stud for collection. They have different<br />

grooms for each job, so the person who<br />

handles them during their collection is<br />

not the person who looks after them<br />

at shows. They go in a two-horse truck<br />

to the stud, but go to shows in a large<br />

horsebox so they can identify when<br />

they’re travelling for business or<br />

pleasure! It makes it much easier for<br />

myself to ride them, and for the grooms<br />

to look after them.”<br />

Breen Equestrian has become renowned<br />

for turning out top class riders as well<br />

as horses, with many top showjumpers<br />

including David Simpson, Michael Duffy<br />

and Jack Ryan working for the team<br />

before setting up on their own. Another<br />

alumnus is Greg Le Gear, who worked<br />

for them as a rider before changing<br />

focus and taking on the role of Stud<br />

Manager. “Greg looks after the<br />

breeding side of the business, he was<br />

always very interested in breeding and<br />

AI, so it’s worked out really well,” says<br />

Shane. “He does an excellent job and<br />

has a good understanding of the<br />

stallions and how to market them. He<br />

rode some of our top stallions as<br />

youngsters, so he knows them inside<br />

out.”<br />


<strong>Breeder</strong> Spotlight - Breen Equestrian<br />

Mares at Breen’s new Pook Bourne Stud<br />

Photo Ellie Birch/Boots and Hooves Photography<br />

Greg is a qualified AI technician and<br />

does the on-site collection, working<br />

alongside vet Ed Lyall from the Sussex<br />

Equine Hospital, which has a specialist<br />

reproductive team; while Stallion<br />

AI Services handle the storage and<br />

distribution of the frozen semen. Le<br />

Gear also helps Shane and Chloe with<br />

choosing which mare will go to which<br />

stallion. “It’s a fascinating process,<br />

seeing the resulting youngstock in the<br />

field, noticing their characteristics come<br />

out,” adds Shane.<br />

He hopes the rise of technology in<br />

breeding, plus easier access to the<br />

best stallions, is going to lead to further<br />

improvement in <strong>British</strong> breeding.<br />

“Currently there isn’t as much breeding<br />

here compared to Ireland, even though<br />

there’s lot of good mares in the UK.<br />

But I think this is changing – these<br />

days it’s easy to do embryo transfer,<br />

there are some great stallions on the<br />

market and frozen semen is available<br />

worldwide, which gives people a greater<br />

opportunity to use the best stallions.”<br />

Pook Bourne Stud currently stands 10<br />

sires, of whom the flagship stallion is<br />

the prolific Grand Prix winner Golden<br />

Hawk (Vigo D Arsouilles x Ta Belle Van<br />

Sombeke). The three-part brother to the<br />

aptly-named 2012 Olympic star London,<br />


Shane Breen & Golden Hawk - Photo by Nigel Goddard

<strong>Breeder</strong> Spotlight - Breen Equestrian<br />

“He is an absolute<br />

pleasure to ride and<br />

look after, with a<br />

great temperament.<br />

He throws a lovely<br />

type with great<br />

attitude, great<br />

balance and lovely<br />

characters”<br />

Says Shane<br />

Z7 Can Ya Makan (Canturo x Aroma) is<br />

another stallion familiar to anyone who<br />

follows Shane’s career in the ring, with<br />

wins at five-star level and victories in<br />

both the Hamburg and Hickstead Derby<br />

Trials, showing his scope and versatility.<br />

The 11-year-old Clyde VA (Caretino II x<br />

Valentina VA) is a rising star in the ring,<br />

having already clocked up a win in the<br />

Olympia Masters. “We have started<br />

using him as a stallion more from this<br />

year so his offspring are few on the<br />

ground but are very nice,” Shane adds.<br />

The grey Colmar (Colestus x Piritta) is<br />

a grandson of Cornet Obolensky, and<br />

has a lot of his traits. “He has a beautiful<br />

technique, he’s scopey and very careful.<br />

His progeny have a lot of blood and<br />

tend to be great movers, so lots of<br />

eventers have taken a shine to Colmar.”<br />

The younger sires include Cuick Star<br />

Kervec, Z7 Regal Don, BE Reverent, Z7<br />

Dubai Castlefield and KWPN champion<br />

Lucky Luck, while stalwart Z7 Accorad<br />

3 is still going strong at the age of 20.<br />

Shane is fortunate to have a strong<br />

line-up of proven competition stallions,<br />

but he also spends a lot of time<br />

considering which mares to use.<br />

“Someone who was influential to me at<br />

the start was Don Hadden, who has bred<br />

a lot of top racehorses, show horses and<br />

showjumpers, as well as pedigree cattle.<br />

His philosophy was you need to look<br />

back through several generations of a<br />

family, on both sides. So now I not only<br />

consider the mare’s breeding, but also<br />

her mother’s and grand-dam’s. If I have<br />

a top competition mare, I might use her<br />

sister or half-sister – she could produce<br />

really good foals even if she hasn’t been<br />

particularly successful in the ring. We’ll<br />

take embryos from the top mares who<br />

are out competing at Grand Prix levels,<br />

and perhaps take an embryo from some<br />

of their three- to four-year-old daughters<br />

who are showing potential too. We’re<br />

lucky that we have some superb<br />

broodmares who have competed at<br />

Clyde VA - Photo Ahmedd Photography<br />

Shane Breen & Golden Hawk<br />

1.60m Grand Prix level, and aside from<br />

a few rising stars all of our broodmare<br />

herd have competed at 1.40m level and<br />

above.<br />

I would always put more emphasis on<br />

the mare, as I think they bring that little<br />

bit more to the table,”<br />

he adds.<br />

Like every breeder, Shane wants to<br />

produce future medal winners – and<br />

with his current crop of young horses, he<br />

might be on track to achieving that goal.<br />

www.breenequestrian.com<br />

“I have some young ones<br />

who, if they get produced the<br />

right way, have every chance<br />

of reaching the top,” he says.<br />

“But equally as a breeder I<br />

love it when people tell me<br />

they’re delighted with the<br />

foal their mare has produced,<br />

or when a young horse<br />

I’ve sold has a successful<br />

competition career and has<br />

made someone really happy.<br />

That excites me just as much.”<br />


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The Oaklands, Oakham Road, Somerby<br />

Melton Mowbry, Leicestershire, LE14 2QF<br />

www.thegeministud.com<br />

01664 454 929<br />

Gemini Stud<br />

Stallions | Breeding | Research


Comfort<br />

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Loundfield Farm, Lound, Nottinghamshire, DN22 8RW

Feature Article - DNA<br />

DNA-Testing in Breeding<br />

Unlocking the Potential<br />

In recent years, DNA profiling has<br />

become an increasingly integral part of<br />

equine breeding, as many studbooks<br />

now require testing for parentage<br />

verification as part of their registration<br />

process. However, parentage<br />

verification is only a very small part of<br />

what DNA testing has to offer, and a<br />

fresh look at opportunities is needed<br />

to unlock its considerable potential for<br />

supporting equine health and welfare,<br />

and for improving breeding decisions for<br />

the future.<br />

How does it work?<br />

Parentage Verification using STR Markers<br />

The genetic code of an individual equine<br />

is a unique combination of genetic<br />

information from the dam and the sire.<br />

There are certain parts of the equine<br />

genome that are highly variable, and<br />

that can therefore be used as “genetic<br />

markers”. The way they are put together<br />

is characteristic for the individual equine.<br />

For the purpose of parentage testing,<br />

information on this relatively low number<br />

of genetic markers is therefore enough to<br />

either confirm or reject a supposed dam<br />

and sire for a given horse. These are<br />

known as Microsatellite markers, also<br />

often referred to as STRs (short tandem<br />

repeats), and are a specific type of large<br />

genetic marker currently used for routine<br />

parentage testing. Because of high<br />

variation (many possible appearances<br />

or different alleles) and accordingly<br />

high information content of each single<br />

marker, approximately twenty STRs or<br />

even fewer are usually enough to check<br />

whether or not an indicated parentage<br />

of an individual can be confirmed.<br />

These types of tests are what most<br />

studbooks in the UK are using at the<br />

moment, usually with a profile of 17<br />

markers. However, while this type of<br />

STR allele data can reliably be used for<br />

parentage testing, that it all such a test<br />

can deliver.<br />

SNP Testing and Genomics<br />

It might be useful to think of an<br />

individual horse or pony’s genetic profile<br />

as a book, in which the STR’s are the<br />

chapter headings. If you want to drill<br />

down to read the words and sentences<br />

that make up these chapters, you need<br />

a more detailed kind of testing, using<br />

Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs).<br />

These are the smallest possible type<br />

of genetic markers, looking at single<br />

positions in the genome. This allows SNP<br />

allele data to be used for a much wider<br />

range of purposes, as tests can provide<br />

information on large numbers of SNPs -<br />

in the order of thousands to<br />

ten-thousands – which provides us with<br />

a much more detailed understanding of<br />

an equine’s genetic make-up. We can<br />

then start to analyse this data and<br />

compare it to the physical equines in<br />

front of us (what we call their “<br />

phenotype”) to identify patterns, spot<br />

potential problems, but also identify<br />

genes that are linked to attributes we<br />

actively desire in our horses and ponies.<br />

What is the Potential?<br />

Disease Control and Genetic<br />

Conditions<br />

Diagnostic testing for known genetic<br />

conditions has been part of equine<br />

breeding for a long time. It is<br />

particularly useful in detecting recessive<br />

genetic mutations, which can be carried<br />

without expressing themselves physically,<br />

unless one – unwittingly – crosses two<br />


Feature Article - DNA<br />

carriers, which brings a 25% chance of<br />

breeding an affected foal. These tests<br />

look for a specific single gene that is<br />

responsible for the problem. Recently,<br />

Warmblood Fragile Foal Syndrome<br />

(WFFS) has received much attention<br />

in the press. It is caused by a mutation<br />

in the gene responsible for collagen<br />

biosynthesis. WFFS causes lesions and<br />

malformations of the skin in neonatal<br />

foals, who are unable to survive. To find<br />

this mutation, testing needs to drill down<br />

to SNP level. It will not show up in the<br />

STR parentage tests currently performed<br />

as part of equine passporting.<br />

While diagnostic tests are reliable in<br />

testing for an individual disease, by<br />

telling us if a horse or pony is or is not a<br />

carrier of a particular mutation, it is quite<br />

cumbersome, and expensive, to have to<br />

run individual additional tests for each<br />

possibly relevant genetic mutation that<br />

could affect our breeding programmes.<br />

SNP profiles – depending on their<br />

design – can, on the other hand, show<br />

tens of thousands of pieces of<br />

information at once, thus providing<br />

parentage verification and all this<br />

additional information in one test.<br />

The potential of SNP profiles goes<br />

further. Not only can they be used for<br />

showing up known conditions, but they<br />

could also help us identify further<br />

correlations between genetics and<br />

known problems that can affect a breed<br />

in future by allowing us to identify<br />

patterns between the occurrence of the<br />

problem and commonalities and<br />

differences in SNP profiles of affected<br />

and not affected animals.<br />

Experienced breeders already know,<br />

for example, that laminitis and EMS<br />

seem to be running in particular families,<br />

with some ponies affected, when others<br />

develop no issues, with the same<br />

management. Studies are already<br />

underway to help us identify which<br />

genes may be responsible for a<br />

predisposition for this problem, but much<br />

more work, and much more SNP data,<br />

is needed. The potential for welfare<br />

improvement is obvious: if we know<br />

that a pony is genetically more likely to<br />

contract laminitis, we can prevent the<br />

problem occurring through management.<br />

One word of caution: While the potential<br />

of this is very exciting, we need to be<br />

very careful about how we use the<br />

information it provides. For a start, in<br />

diseases like laminitis, the genetic<br />

component is always going to be only<br />

one of a range of factors. There is a<br />

danger that owners and keepers would<br />

think themselves “safe” from laminitis if<br />

their pony tested free from the genetic<br />

component, and as a result take their eye<br />

off the ball. Secondly, we may<br />

experience unintended consequences,<br />

such as a narrowing of the gene pool, if<br />

certain, otherwise valuable lines, are less<br />

likely to be used due to an<br />

association with laminitis. Quite often,<br />

problems occur because we unwittingly<br />

selected for them over the centuries,<br />

because they were also associated with<br />

desirable attributes.<br />

What this tells us that while DNA testing<br />

and genomic selections can be powerful<br />

tools in battling disease and improving<br />

welfare, we need to use them<br />

responsibly and ensure breeders and<br />

owners are well informed about their<br />

potential, but also about their limitations.<br />

Selection for Desirable Attributes<br />

While the benefit of screening against<br />

potential diseases and conditions is<br />

obvious, we can also think about<br />

Genetic Analysis in terms of<br />

specifically selecting for positive<br />

attributes. This can be achieved by<br />

comparing our physical observations of<br />

equines (their “phenotypes”) with their<br />

SNP profiles, and again by looking for<br />

patterns and correlations.<br />

In horseracing this has famously already<br />

been achieved in the identification of the<br />

“speed gene” Myostatin. Admittedly,<br />

racing is a sport in which success can<br />

easily attributed to quite a narrow range<br />

of factors (speed, distance), whereas<br />

other equestrian sports have a more<br />

complex range of requirements.<br />


Feature Article - DNA<br />

Nevertheless, the potential for breeders<br />

looking for specific attributes from a<br />

mating is considerable by adding more<br />

predictability.<br />

In this country especially, we are still in<br />

the very early stages of unlocking the<br />

potential of genomic selection in<br />

breeding. To start with, breeding<br />

programmes driven by genomics need<br />

a large amount of data, not only in the<br />

form of detailed SNP profiles, but also<br />

in the form of reliable data on physical<br />

attributes that these profiles can be<br />

related to. In horseracing, this is<br />

relatively simple. Racehorses perform<br />

already at a very young age, the<br />

measurements of performance are very<br />

easy to standardise and therefore<br />

compare (speed over set distances), and<br />

it is a very large sport with thousands of<br />

animals, providing a large volume of<br />

data relatively quickly. In showing,<br />

driving, leisure or in the Olympic<br />

Disciplines, the story is a bit more<br />

complicated.<br />

The number of successful equines in<br />

some of these areas is far smaller than<br />

in racing. For reliable studies of genetic<br />

correlations, however, we need as much<br />

data as possible. Secondly, in some<br />

disciplines it can take a long time for<br />

equines to reach the top of their sport,<br />

slowing down potential studies quite<br />

significantly.<br />

Thirdly, performance data is perhaps not<br />

as reliable as it seems. Environmental<br />

factors no doubt play a hugely important<br />

role, and increasingly, so the older the<br />

horse or pony is. Sometimes<br />

performance is down to sheer luck, in<br />

terms of a horse or pony finding the<br />

right owner or rider at the right time.<br />

Performance data might not always<br />

be objective. While in horseracing and<br />

showjumping, the goal is very easily<br />

defined, in others, such as showing, or<br />

dressage, the human eye and subjective<br />

likes and dislikes may be more important<br />

and more difficult to quantify objectively.<br />

But, above all, our equestrian sports and<br />

activities are complex, and rely on the<br />

interplay of a wide range of attributes.<br />

Just as it is important to “drill down”<br />

in terms of SNP profiling, perhaps we<br />

equally need to look more specifically at<br />

individual, specific traits that as<br />

experienced breeders we know to be<br />

associated with the performance<br />

attributes we want.<br />

In the right hands, and<br />

with the right systems<br />

and infrastructure to<br />

support, however, the<br />

potential of SNP<br />

profiling is very<br />

exciting, and far<br />

exceeds the current,<br />

rather limited,<br />

approaches focusing<br />

merely on parentage<br />

verification.<br />

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Feature Article - PSSM2<br />

PSSM2 - Muscle<br />

disease may<br />

explain ‘difficult’<br />

behaviour<br />

Have you ever owned or ridden a<br />

warmblood horse that turned “difficult”<br />

or “sour”, perhaps so much so, that he<br />

or she became practically unrideable?<br />

Perhaps you even had a diagnosis that<br />

the horse had “tied up”, but apart from<br />

that, no x-rays, flexion tests, nerve blocks<br />

or other investigations revealed any<br />

obvious issues that would explain the<br />

behaviour?<br />

Chances are, your horse was not being<br />

“difficult”. He or she was in severe pain,<br />

caused by a condition now labelled<br />

PSSM2 (PolySaccharide Storage<br />

Myopathy). PSSM2 has caused some<br />

controversy in recent months, following<br />

heartbreaking social media posts by the<br />

rider Sofie Pedersen whose story about<br />

her mare TwinHors Don’a Ballerina (by<br />

Blue Hors Don Olymbrio) was<br />

promptly picked up by the Danish<br />

<strong>Magazine</strong> Ridehesten.<br />

The condition typically shows up<br />

between the ages of 7-10, with horses<br />

showing no signs of any issues prior<br />

to that and often enjoying a successful<br />

start to their ridden career up to that<br />

point. There is no cure, although careful<br />

management can alleviate some of the<br />

symptoms to a degree.<br />

Recent reporting suggests that PSSM2<br />

is not only a genetic condition that can<br />

be identified by DNA test, but that it<br />

is a semi-dominant trait, which means<br />

that even if you cross a carrier with a<br />

non-carrier, the offspring will carry the<br />

gene and has a strong chance of being<br />

affected later on in life.<br />

The stakes are, of course, high: IF PSSM2<br />

is caused by a semi-dominant genetic<br />

trait identifiable by DNA test, then the<br />

obvious conclusion is that all breeding<br />

stock needs to be tested, and carriers<br />

need to be eliminated from our breeding<br />

programmes.<br />

However, it is not yet proven that the<br />

DNA test is really a reliable means of<br />

identifying the condition, and an article<br />

by a research group led by Dr<br />

Steaphanie Valberg of Michigan<br />

University published in BEVA’s Equine<br />

Veterinary Journal in September 2020<br />

concludes that the current DNA tests<br />

‘cannot [be] recommend[ed] […] for<br />

selection and breeding, prepurchase<br />

examination or diagnosis of a<br />

myopathy.’<br />

The Background and Diagnosis<br />

In the 1990s, Dr Valberg identified the<br />

muscle disease PSSM1 and the<br />

associated gene. Horses with PSSM1<br />

suffer from an abnormal amount of<br />

glycogen build up in the muscle tissue,<br />

leading to severe laminitis. PSSM1<br />

cannot be cured, but controlled by a low<br />

sugar diet, and can be passed on to the<br />

next generation via the discovered gene.<br />

During Dr Valberg’s study, there were<br />

also horses with similar symptoms<br />

and abnormal sugar accumulation in<br />

the muscles, which did not carry the<br />

abnormal PSSM1 gene. To designate<br />

and distinguish this group from horses<br />

with PSSM1, the umbrella term PSSM2<br />

was introduced. Symptoms attributed to<br />

PSSM2 are: poor muscle build or even<br />

muscle atrophy, drifting gait, difficulty<br />

with canter, unclear lameness,<br />

acidification, high muscle tension,<br />

laminitis and an overload of the liver.<br />

PSSM2 therefore appears to encompass<br />

multiple conditions and variants, all<br />

related to the breakdown of muscle<br />

tissue.<br />

Up to now, the most reliable diagnosis<br />

of the condition has been available via<br />

muscle biopsy, used to determine sugar<br />

accumulation in the muscle tissue.<br />

However, as multiple biological<br />

processes are involved in the diseases<br />

that fall under PSSM2, the outward<br />

manifestations of PSSM2 are the result<br />

of various diseases. Not all horses with<br />

PSSM-like symptoms show glycogen<br />

accumulation in their muscle biopsies.<br />

Those who do not are more likely to have<br />

a condition called Myofibrillar<br />

myopathy (MFM). Its symptoms are<br />

similar to PSSM2, but MFM is not related<br />

to sugar metabolism and does not lead<br />

to visible glycogen overload.<br />

A Genetic Condition?<br />

The potential advantages of diagnosis<br />

via DNA test would be not only that they<br />

are a lot cheaper and less invasive than<br />

muscle biopsies. They would also be<br />

able to pick up the condition much<br />

earlier, before it became symptomatic,<br />

and could inform pre-purchase<br />

veterinary exams, and even assist in<br />

eliminating the disease through<br />

screening of broodmares and stallions.<br />

The US based company EquiSeq<br />

developed hair tests for gene mutations<br />

in recent years that they say represent<br />

different variants of PSSM2. Tests are<br />


Feature Article - PSSM2<br />

available for the variants P2, P3, P4 and<br />

Px, which occur in riding horse breeds,<br />

and for P8 (Arabian thoroughbreds) and<br />

K1 (Icelanders). The German Generatio<br />

has the rights for these tests in Europe.<br />

However, questions still loom large<br />

about the reliability of these tests. Dr<br />

Valberg’s small scale study in Equine<br />

Veterinary Journal found no<br />

relationship between muscle biopsies<br />

showing glycogen accumulation and the<br />

various mutations found.<br />

The challenge remains that PSSM2 is<br />

a multifactorial disorder, with several<br />

genes involved and management also<br />

playing a role in the expression of the<br />

genes. To determine reliably which piece<br />

of DNA is responsible, further<br />

investigations are necessary.<br />

A Genetic Condition?<br />

The University of Minnesota has started<br />

a long-term study into muscle diseases<br />

in horses, aided by videos, photos and<br />

questionnaires about management and<br />

ration, as well as DNA tests. The plan<br />

is to examine 3,000 samples using the<br />

PSSM2 variants identified by EquiSeq,<br />

as well as looking for the known DNA<br />

markers for PSSM1 and the muscle<br />

diseases HYPP, MH, IMM and GBED.<br />

The research also aims to identify the<br />

best diet and exercise regime for<br />

affected horses.<br />

Entrants may also submit videos and hair<br />

of an unsuspected control horse, of the<br />

same breed, approximately the same<br />

age and kept at the same location. In this<br />

way, the researchers hope to be able to<br />

say more about the relationship between<br />

the genetic variants of PSSM2 and<br />

the symptoms. Kendall Blanchard who<br />

leads the research project recently told<br />

the Dutch publication De Paardenkrant:<br />

“When it is said on the wrong grounds<br />

that certain genes cause a disease and<br />

commercial tests are sold that have not<br />

been sufficiently validated, this can have<br />

major consequences. It can lead to<br />

misdiagnoses and prognoses, incorrect<br />

treatment and management of sick animals<br />

and poor breeding decisions. […]<br />

Adjusting management early can make<br />

a big difference in muscle myopathies. In<br />

any case, have your horse tested on the<br />

validated variants. Muscle diseases are<br />

extremely limiting and painful for most<br />

horses.”<br />

At the end of March, the International<br />

Association of Future Horse Breeding<br />

(IAFH) announced that several German<br />

studbooks are going to collaborate<br />

with the commercial Generatio GmbH<br />

to allow for a large-scale study. The<br />

studbooks are making their genome data<br />

available to test a large<br />

population of riding horses and<br />

determine how often the mutations occur<br />

in the general population.<br />

Generatio representative Melissa Cox<br />

told De Paardenkrant: “We work with<br />

horse owners and veterinarians to keep<br />

an eye on horses that have certain<br />

variants, but do not show any symptoms.<br />

The differences between individual<br />

horses are very large. Some become<br />

very ill, while others show little or no<br />

symptoms. We want to know how horses<br />

that perform at top sport level, but do<br />

carry one of the mutations, are<br />

managed. It seems that sometimes it<br />

goes well for a long time with a high<br />

protein diet and very regular training, but<br />

that these horses suddenly start showing<br />

symptoms after retirement or after an<br />

injury that changes nutrition and<br />

exercise. Vets tell us that correctly built<br />

horses appear to be less sensitive,<br />

probably because a good conformation<br />

requires less muscle. What you should<br />

keep in mind is that mild symptoms such<br />

as difficulties in muscle development or<br />

a lot of tension, are not always seen, or<br />

are dismissed as temperament issues.”<br />

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News - Product feature<br />

Spring<br />

Cleaning?<br />

confident that you are taking all possible steps to ensure you<br />

don’t introduce disease, or allow it to spread within your yard.<br />

Good biosecurity practices on your part also contribute to the<br />

protection of the equine population as a whole, helping to<br />

prevent outbreaks of disease such as EHV.<br />

Spring is well and truly here and if you haven’t started already,<br />

now is the time to drag out those rubber mats, dust off the<br />

jet-wash and fish out the paint brushes.<br />

It’s fairly standard practice to give the yard a decent clean and<br />

a fresh lick of paint once a year, but there are a couple of easy<br />

steps you can take to maximise those spring cleans:<br />

• Look at the ceiling. Perhaps you occasionally tackle<br />

the cobwebs, but mould (Aspergillus) tends to grow<br />

in damp areas and can often be found on the<br />

ceiling. Extend your jet-washing to the ceiling and<br />

your horses will thank you for it – Aspergillus can<br />

be directly linked to Equine Asthma and poor<br />

performance.<br />

• In between jet-washing and painting, disinfect the<br />

whole yard (walls, floors, mats, stable bars,<br />

drinkers, etc). Using a sprayer, this is a quick step<br />

and ensures you’ve eliminated any harmful<br />

micro-organisms from the environment before you<br />

paint.<br />

AD-breeding-stableshield-90x134-FINAL-V1.pdf 1 26/03/21 12:35<br />

• Use antibacterial paint. This is becoming more<br />

common practice, as it provides an active barrier<br />

against the growth or spread of micro-organisms,<br />

therefore helping to protect horses where they<br />

spend the most of their time.<br />

Let’s talk about biosecurity<br />

Whether you have a professional yard or a small<br />

home-breeding set-up, a thorough spring-clean is a great start,<br />

but sensible year-round biosecurity practices can help minimise<br />

the risk of diseases such as Ringworm, Strangles and Influenza,<br />

not to mention the ever-present threat of EHV.<br />

Home Environment: Biosecurity should start with regular<br />

disinfection, particularly before and after foaling or when<br />

moving horses to new stables. Some paints can withstand<br />

jet-washing and this is an effective preventative measure, as<br />

even where anti-bacterial paint has been used, dirt on walls<br />

can harbour pathogens.<br />

New Arrivals: Check all vaccinations are up to date, test for<br />

strangles and obtain a faecal egg count prior to arrival. Whilst<br />

not always possible, new horses should ideally be isolated for a<br />

minimum of two weeks.<br />

Travelling: Avoid shared troughs and grazing areas where<br />

possible and if you do need to share tack or equipment, ensure<br />

you disinfect thoroughly. You can also use a sprayer to disinfect<br />

the inside of your lorry upon your return and it’s good practice<br />

to disinfect any saddle pads, boots or rugs that have been<br />

off-site by adding disinfectant to your washes.<br />

Whilst these measures may seem overwhelming or extreme<br />

initially, they will soon become routine and you can be<br />


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Nutrition Feature - Spillers Feeds<br />

The aim for any breeder is<br />

to maintain healthy, fertile<br />

breeding stock that go on to<br />

produce sound and healthy<br />

off-spring. Although body<br />

condition is just one element<br />

of good health, it is one that<br />

requires close attention and<br />

importantly, one that you can<br />

directly influence.<br />

What is ‘ideal’ condition?<br />

The how and why of<br />

keeping mares, stallions<br />

and youngstock in tip top<br />

condition.<br />

What may be considered as an<br />

‘ideal’ bodyweight varies between<br />

individuals and is affected by multiple<br />

factors including breed, height,<br />

muscle development and in the case<br />

of broodmares, the stage of gestation.<br />

In fact, over 60% of feotal growth<br />

occurs during the third trimester,<br />

during which the mare’s bodyweight<br />

will increase by approximately<br />

10-15%. However the horse’s<br />

bodyweight alone, much like our<br />

own, is just a number and therefore<br />

body condition score (BCS: an<br />

assessment of external fat<br />

coverage) is equally, if not<br />

more important than weight.<br />

Mares and stallions should ideally<br />

be maintained at a BCS of 5-6/9.<br />

Why is body condition<br />

important?<br />

Excess weight gain presents a number<br />

of health risks for any adult horse<br />

including increased joint strain and<br />

respiratory stress, heat intolerance<br />

and an increased risk of laminitis<br />

and insulin dysregulation. Obesity<br />

can also lead to reduced fertility and<br />

exacerbate age related decreases in<br />

immunity referred to as<br />

‘inflamm-aging’. Foals born to<br />

obese mares may show an<br />

increase in low grade<br />

inflammation, reduced insulin<br />

sensitivity and be at an<br />

increased risk of<br />

developing osteochondrosis<br />

as yearlings. Excess mammary<br />

fat and a subsequent reduction in<br />

milk production may lead to reduced<br />

growth rates in foals and/ or<br />

increases in compensatory growth<br />

post weaning.<br />


Nutrition Feature - Spillers Feeds<br />

Whilst much attention is paid to obesity,<br />

it is important to remember that excess<br />

weight loss is not without health<br />

implications either. Body condition is the<br />

variable most likely to affect the mare’s<br />

fertility. Mares with a BCS of


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Feature Article - Westgate Labs<br />

Why Proactive Parasite Control<br />

for Foals Is Important<br />

Claire Shand, Reg Animal Medicines Advisor Westgate Labs.<br />

A horse’s immune health plays a big part in their ability to resist<br />

parasite infection - much of this is developed at an early age.<br />

Horses who haven’t had good worming support during their first<br />

year of life often go on to have more parasite problems than<br />

those that have proactive help. Foals should be wormed<br />

regularly from 8 weeks old, incorporating treatment with<br />

fenbendazole and pyrantel where necessary to cover the<br />

potential ascarid infection that youngsters are particularly prone<br />

to. Worm for encysted redworm in the winter and EquiSal<br />

tapeworm test once weaned. From a year old they can move<br />

to a targeted programme, carrying out worm egg counts every<br />

eight weeks initially. Without this we set a horse up for potential<br />

problems. Meet Dales Pony Fern who arrived as a weanling at<br />

11 months old with no known worming history. She<br />

clearly demonstrates a low level of immunity and as a yearling<br />

struggled to overcome a persistent redworm infection. Without<br />

regular testing and veterinary support her outcome may not<br />

have been so favourable.<br />

Fern; A Young Horse With a Challenging<br />

Redworm Problem<br />

Fern arrived with a medium redworm count of 1000 eggs per<br />

gram that were successfully treated with a 5 day fenbendazole<br />

(Panacur). It was only after this that the first of the real problems<br />

began! We’ve documented her test results and treatments over<br />

this time in the table right. Fern was turned out on to previously<br />

grazed pasture and almost immediately her worm egg counts<br />

began to rise again as her immune system was challenged by<br />

small redworm present here.<br />

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Test date Result Wormer Comments<br />

20/04/2018 1000 epg Fenbendazole<br />

5 day<br />

Arrived as a poor<br />

looking weanling<br />

having had no<br />

worming treatment.<br />

17/05/2018 50 epg Fern had a worm<br />

count when tested<br />

but this responded<br />

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21/05/2018 100 epg<br />

01/06/2018 200 epg Ivermectin<br />

11/07/2018 700 epg Moxidectin<br />

30/08/2018 1700 epg Panacur 5 day The worm egg<br />

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The innovative design of their new lab testing kits transforms the<br />

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Trickle Net launch<br />

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Feature Article - Rossdales<br />

Ultrasound of the<br />

broodmare: what is<br />

your vet looking for?<br />

By Camilla Scott BVetMed,<br />


Recognised Specialist in Veterinary<br />

Reproduction (Equine), Rossdales<br />

Veterinary Surgeons<br />

The major indication for transrectal<br />

ultrasound examination of your<br />

broodmare is for monitoring follicular<br />

development during oestrus to<br />

determine the optimum time for breeding<br />

and subsequent pregnancy diagnosis.<br />

However, ultrasound also provides rapid<br />

and accurate diagnosis of many other<br />

conditions in the mare.<br />

Growth and development of<br />

ovarian follicles<br />

In conjunction with palpation, ultrasound<br />

examination of the ovaries to track<br />

follicular growth and development is<br />

vital to determine the best time to breed<br />

for maximal fertility. Follicles will<br />

typically increase in diameter by 3-5mm<br />

per day, reaching maximal diameter 1 to<br />

2 days prior to ovulation (release of the<br />

oocyte/egg for subsequent fertilisation).<br />

The size of an ovulatory follicle will vary<br />

depending on the mare’s breed and<br />

age, the time of year and the number of<br />

dominant follicles present, but ranges<br />

between 30-50mm. In the hours before<br />

ovulation, the dominant follicle changes<br />

from a regular spherical structure to an<br />

irregular shape and becomes softer with<br />

a thickened wall. More recently, the use<br />

of colour-doppler ultrasound can<br />

determine blood flow and perfusion<br />

changes in the maturing follicle, giving us<br />

further information to help predict<br />

ovulation. These ultrasound<br />

characteristics of the dominant follicle in<br />

the hours prior to ovulation are<br />

particularly critical when lining mares<br />

up for frozen semen breeding, to ensure<br />

insemination is performed within 6 hours<br />

of ovulation to maximize the chances of<br />

conception.<br />

A percentage of follicles will not ovulate<br />

appropriately but instead fill with blood.<br />

These follicles are termed hemorrhagic<br />

anovulatory follicles and are reported<br />

to occur in 5-20% of cycles in the early<br />

and late breeding season respectively.<br />

Ultrasound characteristics of these<br />

follicles initially include an excessive<br />

amount of free-floating bright white<br />

particles in the follicular fluid and then<br />

progresses as blood clots and fibrin<br />

strands develop, giving the anovulatory<br />

follicle a cobweb like appearance.<br />

Figure 1: Ultrasound examination of a<br />

mare lining up for breeding with a large<br />

dominant follicle.<br />

Figure 2: Ultrasonographic image of a<br />

dominant follicle with an irregular shape<br />

and thick wall prior to ovulation.<br />

Figure 3: Ultrasonographic image of a<br />

hemorrhagic anovulatory follicle filled<br />

with blood clots and fibrin strands.<br />

Is the degree of uterine<br />

oedema appropriate?<br />

Uterine edema is a normal response to<br />

hormone (oestradiol) secretion when<br />

a mare is in season and will gradually<br />

increase in line with development of the<br />

dominant follicle. Mares in oestrus will<br />

display a characteristic ‘sliced orange’<br />

or ‘spoke wheel’ appearance on<br />

cross-sectional ultrasound<br />

examination of the uterus. Scoring<br />

systems have been developed to monitor<br />

the degree of uterine edema, typically<br />

ranging from 0 (typical of mares not in<br />

season) to 3 (peak uterine edema seen<br />

during oestrus). Estradiol secretion and<br />

maximal uterine edema usually peak 1<br />

to 2 days prior to ovulation, with a<br />

subsequent decrease in estradiol<br />

reflected by a synchronous decrease in<br />

uterine edema on ultrasound<br />

examination, both of which help guide<br />

timings for administration of an ovulation<br />

induction agent and an appropriate time<br />

for breeding.<br />

Excessive or inappropriate uterine<br />

edema patterns may indicate an<br />

underlying inflammatory or infectious<br />

process. Mares with excessive uterine<br />

edema prior to breeding are at risk of<br />

subsequent intrauterine fluid<br />

accumulation and are likely to require<br />

further treatment such as uterine lavage<br />

and drugs to aid uterine clearance, such<br />

as oxytocin.<br />

Figure 4: Ultrasonographic image of<br />

a cross-section of the uterus depicting<br />

mild uterine edema (note characteristic<br />

appearance similar to a sliced orange<br />

segment), consistent with a mare in early<br />

estrus.<br />

Inadequate uterine drainage<br />

There are numerous potential causes for<br />

inappropriate intrauterine fluid<br />

accumulation in the mare. Risk factors<br />

include older multiparous mares with<br />

poor perineal conformation, older<br />

maiden mares with failure of cervical<br />

dilation, mares with an inadequate<br />

immune response and the use of frozen<br />

semen insemination. It is normal for all<br />

mares to have a degree of inflammation<br />

following breeding, but this transient<br />

endometritis should resolve within 24h in<br />

resistant mares, so any fluid beyond 36h<br />

is abnormal and needs attention.<br />

Ultrasound evaluation of uterine fluid<br />

accumulation in the problem mare is<br />

incredibly useful for both diagnosis and<br />

monitoring response to treatment.<br />

Figure 5: Ultrasonographic image of<br />

abnormal fluid accumulation within the<br />

uterus.<br />


Corpus Luteum<br />

Following collapse of the dominant<br />

follicle and release of the oocyte/egg, a<br />

corpus luteum (CL) forms. The CL secretes<br />

progesterone, the dominant hormone of<br />

dioestrus (14 day period when the mare<br />

is not in season). If the mare becomes<br />

pregnant, progesterone secretion from<br />

the primary and secondary CLs will<br />

prevent the mare coming back into<br />

season and maintain the pregnancy until<br />

placental takeover at around 100-120<br />

days of gestation. Ultrasound<br />

examination provides visual and<br />

objective evaluation of both the structural<br />

and functional aspects of development<br />

of the CL from maturation to regression.<br />

Evaluating and ageing the CL gives us<br />

essential information regarding the stage<br />

of the mare’s cycle, and more recently<br />

has been used for selection of recipient<br />

mares for embryo transfer both of fresh<br />

and ICSI produced embryos, when<br />

knowing the exact age of the CL/<br />

number of days post ovulation is<br />

essential for a successful transfer.<br />

Figure 6: Ultrasonographic image of an<br />

ovary depicting two corpus luteum (CLs)<br />

following double ovulation.<br />

Uterine cysts<br />

Whilst the majority of uterine cysts are<br />

insignificant findings in older mares,<br />

their presence in the uterus may signify<br />

underlying issues. In addition, large or<br />

numerous cysts or those located at the<br />

base of the uterine horns may physically<br />

inhibit embryo mobility and fixation,<br />

resulting in failure of maternal<br />

recognition of pregnancy and early<br />

embryonic loss. Noting the size, number<br />

and location of cysts on ultrasound<br />

examination will help determine their<br />

potential significance; furthermore,<br />

mapping of cysts will also prevent any<br />

confusion over subsequent pregnancy<br />

diagnosis.<br />

Figure 7: Ultrasonographic image of a<br />

uterine cyst - note the irregular outline<br />

and fluid-filled centre.<br />

Early pregnancy diagnosis<br />

Ultrasound examination is pivotal for<br />

pregnancy diagnosis in mares. The<br />

equine embryo enters the uterus on day<br />

5.5-6 post ovulation and can be<br />

detected via ultrasound examination<br />

from as early as 10 days post ovulation.<br />

Since, however, at this stage the<br />

embryonic vesicle measures only<br />

between 3-5mm, most first pregnancy<br />

scans are performed at 14 days post<br />

Feature Article - Rossdales<br />

ovulation, at which stage the embryonic<br />

vesicle typically measures between<br />

16-20 mm, making it much easier to<br />

identify. Due to the unique equine<br />

embryonic capsule, the pregnancy will<br />

be perfectly spherical at this stage and<br />

ultrasonically generated specular<br />

reflections (bright white spots on the<br />

upper and lower surface of the embryo;<br />

see image) help differentiate embryos<br />

from uterine cysts or fluid, which are<br />

rarely perfectly spherical. Since mares<br />

are not able to carry twin pregnancies<br />

successfully to term, the diagnosis of twin<br />

pregnancies and subsequent reduction<br />

to a singleton pregnancy is performed<br />

most successfully at this early pregnancy<br />

scan, between 14-16 days post<br />

ovulation. Further pregnancy<br />

examinations are performed at regular<br />

intervals to monitor growth and<br />

development of the embryo/foetus. By<br />

day 21 the embryo proper can be<br />

visualised and at 28 days an embryonic<br />

heartbeat will be detectable. From 40<br />

days onwards, the pregnancy enters the<br />

foetal stage of development (the term<br />

embryo is used until day 39), at a 42<br />

day scan the start of the umbilical cord<br />

formation and the beginning of foetal<br />

activity can be detected. For those of<br />

you wanting to determine the gender of<br />

your foal, this can be reliably performed<br />

by transrectal ultrasound examination<br />

between 58-70 days post ovulation.<br />

Ultrasound detection of the genital<br />

tubercle, the precursor to the penis in the<br />

male and clitoris in the female is either<br />

detected under the tail in the case of a<br />

filly foal or behind the umbilicus with a<br />

colt foal.<br />

www.rossdales.com<br />




✔ Artificial insemination with fresh, chilled and frozen semen<br />

✔ Embryo transfer<br />

✔ OPU and shipping for ICSI<br />

✔ Infertility Investigations<br />

✔ Semen collection, evaluation, distribution and freezing<br />

✔ World class hospital facilities and specialist expertise<br />

✔ Neonatal intensive care unit<br />

✔ State of the art laboratory, HBLB approved for CEM testing<br />

Contact our BEVA approved team of dedicated stud vets to discuss your requirements<br />

on 01638 663150, or practice@rossdales.com<br />

ROSSDALES VETERINARY SURGEONS, Beaufort Cottage Stables, High Street, Newmarket, CB8 8JS<br />

www.rossdales.com<br />


Lorem Ipsum<br />



Royaldik x Headley Britannia x Jumbo<br />

16.2hh Intermediate Eventing Stallion, liver chestnut (2013)<br />

Premium Graded with SHB(GB)<br />

Annabel Blake 07870 358944 Britannia Royal<br />

www.britanniaroyal.co.uk<br />

Not all stallions are created equal<br />

and<br />

neither is their sperm<br />

Equine Reproduction Centre<br />

Artificial Insemination<br />

Embryo Transfer<br />

EquiPure<br />

Density Gradient product designed to separates good from bad sperm<br />

and increases the quality and viability of equine sperm.<br />

BotuSemen Extenders<br />

Flexible extenders for fresh, cold transportation and pre freeze<br />

centrifugation. Choose the right extender based on the needs of your<br />

stallion.<br />

BotuCrio<br />

A freezing medium for equine sperm, with a novel and innovative<br />

formulation.<br />

Flöjelbergsgatan 16 B, SE-431 37 Mölndal,<br />

Sweden<br />

Tel: +46-31-703 06 30, Fax: +46-31-40 54 15<br />

E-mail: contact@nidacon.com, www.nidacon.com<br />

Transported Embryo Service<br />

OPU/ICSI<br />

Infertility Investigations<br />

Foaling Unit<br />

Resident Specialist Stud Vets<br />

STUD OPEN DAY 17 APRIL <strong>2021</strong><br />

For further information contact Twemlows Stud Farm<br />

Whitchurch, Shropshire, SY13 2EZ, UK<br />

Tel: +44 (0) 1948 664966<br />

office@twemlows.co.uk<br />

www.twemlows.co.uk | www.facebook.com/twemlows<br />





Horsepower P lates · Solariums<br />

Horse Walker with Round Fence | Key Features<br />

- As standard 10, 12, 15, 16, 18 and 20 meters but larger<br />

diameter models are also available on request.<br />

ensuring your horses exercise safely and securely.<br />

- Manufactured to allow enough width for the exercising<br />

horses to turn round, you can preset the walker to<br />

change direction to distribute pressure on the horses<br />

body.<br />

- The Molenkoning Safeguard Pusher Gate is our best<br />

seller; inclusive of flexible, safe & long-lasting 2000mm<br />

long dividers with 14 PVC rods they encourage your<br />

horses to walk successfully and comfortably.<br />



GROUP<br />

T: 01490 413 152<br />

E: sales_uk@molenkoning.com<br />

W: www.molenkoning.com<br />


In a class of its own…<br />

• Safe & secure<br />

• Strong & durable<br />

UP TO<br />

30<br />

YEARS<br />

Limited<br />

Manufacturer’s<br />

Warranty<br />

• Low maintenance<br />

• Fence Electrifiable choice for Owners & <strong>Breeder</strong>s<br />

Suitable for all fencing applications:<br />

Paddocks • Arenas • Horse Walkers • Gallops<br />

• Lunging Rings • Stallion Pens and more…<br />

Tired of spending lots of money replacing fencing every few years?<br />

Has your horse been injured in traditional wooden or wire fencing?<br />

Contact us for information and/or free quote!<br />

www.horserail.co.uk<br />

info@horserail.co.uk<br />

P: 0808 2344766 | P: 07785 986645<br />

Horserail is the future of fencing!

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