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PhD thesis

PhD thesis

PhD

  • Page 2 and 3: Protective bacteria and attractive
  • Page 5: “We are symbionts on a symbiotic
  • Page 8 and 9: CHAPTER 4: MORPHOLOGY AND ULTRASTRU
  • Page 10 and 11: 8.4 Results........................
  • Page 13: LIST OF PUBLICATIONS This thesis is
  • Page 16 and 17: major factor driving speciation and
  • Page 18 and 19: et al. 2002; Gil et al. 2003; Rio e
  • Page 20 and 21: eetles use for protection against p
  • Page 22 and 23: either benefit directly, if males v
  • Page 24 and 25: (Arnold 1925; Erlandsson 1962; Boha
  • Page 26 and 27: changing the direction of their bod
  • Page 28 and 29: Therefore, “bad” genes from the
  • Page 30 and 31: allow the assessment of male reprod
  • Page 32 and 33: Currie, C.R., Mueller, U.G. & Mallo
  • Page 34 and 35: Herzner, G., Schmitt, T., Linsenmai
  • Page 36 and 37: Mueller, U.G., Rehner, S.A. & Schul
  • Page 38 and 39: Stouthamer, R., Breeuwer, J.A.J. &
  • Page 41 and 42: CHAPTER 2 SYMBIOTIC BACTERIA PROTEC
  • Page 43 and 44: A promising candidate for such a pr
  • Page 45 and 46: actinomycete bacteria of the family
  • Page 47 and 48: unlikely that this association is l
  • Page 49 and 50: unspecific eubacterial probe EUB 33
  • Page 51: Strohm, E. 1995. Allokation elterli
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    3.3 ERGEBNISSE UND DISKUSSION Der B

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    Aus evolutionären und ökologische

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    CHAPTER 4 MORPHOLOGY AND ULTRASTRUC

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    gland secretions are applied onto f

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    gland cell units (according to Noir

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    (fl) covering the reservoir opening

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    4.4.2 Ultrastructure Scanning elect

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    (C) Plasma membrane invaginations (

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    e sequestered from the hemolymph, a

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    Herzner, G., Schmitt, T., Linsenmai

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    5.2 INTRODUCTION Many insects have

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    5.3.3 DNA extraction, PCR and seque

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    glands from which they are secreted

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    The bacteria were clearly stained b

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    actinomycete primers (Act-S20 and A

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    endosymbionts are needed to confirm

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    µg/ml), and beewolf cocoon agar (a

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    CaCl2 MgCl2 0.15 g 0.05 g KCl 0.2 g

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    Nyholm, S.V., Stabb, E.V., Ruby, E.

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    6.2 INTRODUCTION Many insects harbo

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    6.3.2 Gas chromatography - mass spe

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    eewolf individuals (Fig. 6.2; Wilk

  • Page 100 and 101:

    Discriminant function 2 2 1 0 -1 -2

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    6.5 DISCUSSION GC-MS analyses of th

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    6.6 REFERENCES Aitchison, J. 1986.

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    100

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    7.2 INTRODUCTION Hymenoptera posses

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    Cuticular hydrocarbons were obtaine

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    Table 7.1: List of compounds in the

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    (notably pentacosene and heptacosen

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    unicellular epithelium (Strohm et a

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    Dahbi, A., Cerda, X. & Lenoir, A. 1

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    114

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    8.2 INTRODUCTION Senescence is a pr

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    heavily depends on her “quality

  • Page 126 and 127:

    transformed absolute amounts of the

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    (S)-2,3-Dihydrofarnesoic acid acid

  • Page 130 and 131:

    Dihydrofarnesoic acid, nonadecenone

  • Page 132 and 133:

    Jones, T.M. & Hamilton, J.G.C. 1998

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    9.2 INTRODUCTION Male sexual signal

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    al. 2003; Kroiss et al. submitted).

  • Page 138 and 139:

    and kept in small polystyrol vials

  • Page 140 and 141:

    heptacosene > 0.55) (Fig. 9.1) (Kro

  • Page 142 and 143:

    pentacosen-8-one (C25one); a mixtur

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    Populations in both data sets and,

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    Table 9.2: Relative effects of fami

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    9.5 DISCUSSION In the present study

  • Page 150 and 151:

    If female beewolves use the informa

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    Herzner, G., Goettler, W., Kroiss,

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    Strohm, E., Laurien-Kehnen, C. & Bo

  • Page 156 and 157:

    within their territory that is like

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    to 0.900 (Table 10.1). Thus, there

  • Page 160 and 161:

    154

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    Bin 1995; Bin et al. 1999; Isidoro

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    symbionts are transmitted verticall

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    vitamins and in sexual maturation o

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    Additionally, the genome sequence o

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    Optimal outbreeding The degree of k

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    investigate the importance of in- a

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    Age has an effect on both the amoun

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    to confirm these results, a connect

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    Baumann, L. & Baumann, P. 2005. Cos

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    endosymbiont Streptomyces anulatus

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    Lopez, P., Aragon, P. & Martin, J.

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    Sagvik, J., Uller, T. & Olsson, M.

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    180

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    could be detected in closely relate

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    184

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    Genetische Analysen zeigen, dass di

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    188

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    Der Arbeitsgruppe Gadau/Feldhaar da

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    192

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    WS2005/06 Fortgeschrittenen-Praktik

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    196

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