Question 4 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points Without experimentation: A. no conclusions can be drawn. B. strong causal conclusions can still be drawn. C. drawing strong conclusions is difficult. D. drawing strong conclusions is easy. Question 5 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points In both case study and naturalistic research, the investigator: A. does not manipulate independent variables. B. does not care about dependent variables. C. manipulates independent variables. D. manipulates dependent variables. Question 6 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points A researcher wants to study the effects of attention on ability to perform a task. The participant's attention is recorded by a research assistant that the participant knows is watching. A problem with this design is: A. measurement reactivity. B. participant observer bias. C. unobtrusive measurement. D. obtrusive participant measurement. Question 7 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points Carrying out a survey by interviewing the first 100 people coming out of a movie theater would be an example of: A. a status survey. B. nonprobability sampling. C. probability sampling. D. simple random sampling. Question 8 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points A survey is most useful in gathering data on the: A. knowledge base of participants. B. attitudes of participants. C. causes of participants' behavior. D. Both A and B Question 9 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points A researcher wants to study bonding behavior in chimpanzees. Unfortunately, the researcher has
no real knowledge about chimpanzees, and there is no information on bonding in the literature. Which of the following would be the most appropriate way to begin to study the topic? A. Archival research B. Ex post facto methodology C. Experimental research D. Naturalistic observation Question 10 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points A researcher wants to examine flirting behavior in young adults. To do this she goes to a bar and observes participants from behind a one-way mirror. This is an example of __________ observation. A. unobtrusive participant B. unobtrusive C. semi-obtrusive D. participant Question 11 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points Low-constraint research enables us to obtain useful information about: A. techniques for manipulating variables. B. causality. C. relationships among variables. D. making and testing predictions. Question 12 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points A probability statement such as "given that event X occurred, then the probability of event Y occurring is high" is referred to as a(n): A. event notation. B. corollary. C. certainty statement. D. contingency. Question 13 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points In selecting a sample of participants for a study, our main goal of the research is to: A. keep observations limited in order to insure accuracy of the data in at least one setting. B. make sure observations are always representative. C. allow confident generalization of findings. D. rule out any behavior that was different from expected patterns. Question 14 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points In a study of the development of noun usage, an investigator is interested in the relationship of the number of nouns in a child's vocabulary to the number of adults in the household. This type of project is: A. correlational in nature. B. experimental in nature. C. naturalistic. D. high-constraint research. Question 15 of 40 0.0/ 2.5 Points Asking participants in a survey a question such as, "What is your opinion of the way the economy is being handled by the president?" is an example of a(n) __________ question.