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Construction Magazine GineersNow - Civil Engineers vs Architects - The Battle of the Builders

There is a common misconception that civil engineers and architects are one and the same. However, these two professions are quite different, as evidenced by the different education requirements and job duties. Civil engineers are responsible for the design and construction of infrastructure projects such as bridges, roads, and dams. They must have a strong understanding of math and science in order to complete their designs. In contrast, architects are responsible for the design of buildings and other structures. They must have a strong understanding of aesthetics and engineering in order to create functional and beautiful buildings. Both civil engineers and architects play vital roles in the construction industry. Without either profession, our built environment would be very different.

There is a common misconception that civil engineers and architects are one and the same. However, these two professions are quite different, as evidenced by the different education requirements and job duties.

Civil engineers are responsible for the design and construction of infrastructure projects such as bridges, roads, and dams. They must have a strong understanding of math and science in order to complete their designs. In contrast, architects are responsible for the design of buildings and other structures. They must have a strong understanding of aesthetics and engineering in order to create functional and beautiful buildings.

Both civil engineers and architects play vital roles in the construction industry. Without either profession, our built environment would be very different.

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OCTOBER 2022

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E D I T O R ‘ S N O T E

There are two types of

builders in the world of

construction: those who

design the buildings,

and those who construct them.

The former are called architects,

the latter civil engineers. Both

groups are essential to the

building process, but there is a

big difference between the two.

Differences

The Battle of the Builders:

Architects vs Civil Engineers

Architecture is primarily

concerned with the aesthetics

of a structure, while civil

engineering focuses on the

function and stability of a

structure. Architects must

have a creative eye and an

understanding of how to design

a space that is both functional

and aesthetically pleasing. Civil

engineers, on the other hand,

must have strong technical skills

and be able to calculate things

like load-bearing capacity and

stress points.

While both architects and

civil engineers are essential

to the building process, their

different skill sets make them

complementary rather than

interchangeable.

Education requirements

There are many different types

of engineers, but the two main

groups are architects and civil

engineers. Architects typically

have a five-year degree in

architecture, while civil engineers

usually have a five-year degree

in engineering. Both require

a licensure examination to

become professional architects

and civil engineers.

Day-to-day

responsibilities

The day-to-day responsibilities

of an architect vs a civil

engineer can vary greatly. An

architect may be responsible

for the design of a building,

while a civil engineer may

be responsible for the

construction of that same

building. An architect may also

be responsible for ensuring

that a building meets all

safety and code requirements,

while a civil engineer may be

responsible for ensuring that

the building is structurally

sound.

Skills required

When it comes to the skills

required for each profession,

there are some key differences

between architects and

civil engineers. For starters,

architects need to be

creative and have a strong

understanding of aesthetics.

They also need to be good

at problem-solving and

have strong communication

skills. On the other hand,

civil engineers need to have

a strong understanding of

math and science. They also

need to be good at project

management and have strong

analytical skills.

Job outlook

When it comes to the job

outlook for each profession,

there is a clear winner:

architecture. The Bureau of

Labor Statistics projects that

employment of architects

will grow by 3% from 2018 to

2028, while employment of

civil engineers is projected

to grow by 7% over the same

period.

Salary

When it comes to the salaries

of architecture and civil

engineering, there is a clear

difference. Civil engineers’

salaries are typically much

higher than architects’ salaries.

According to Bureau of Labor

and Employment, the 2021

median pay of a civil engineer

is $88,050 per year, and the

hourly rate is $42.33 per hour.

While the 2021 median pay

of an architect is $80,180 per

year, and the hourly rate is

$38.55 per hour.



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FEATURE STORY

Revolutionary Hardware and Home

Improvement Solutions from CBK

Hardware Inc. at WORLDBEX 2022

CBK Hardware, the most respected hardware distributor and retailer in the Philippines,

recently showcased its flagship brands and products at the WORLDBEX exhibition in Manila.

WORLDBEX is one of the Philippines’ largest trade exhibitions for construction,

interior design, furniture, and home furnishing products, held annually in SMX

Manila. In celebration of Worldbex’s 25th year as the premier construction and

design expo, CBK Hardware was invited to showcase its world-class portfolio of

brands and high-quality products at the halls of SMX Convention Center.

During the exhibition, CBK Hardware highlighted some of the best global brands

in the construction and interior design industry. Here is the list of products and

brands that were presented to construction professionals, interior designers,

and consumers.

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1. RIDGID

RIDGID has been making reliable and durable

power tools since 1923. With a wide range

of products to choose from, RIDGID has the

right tool for any job. From cordless drills

and saws to pipe threaders and pressure

washers, RIDGID has a tool to help you get

the job done right.

If you’re in need of top-quality diagnostic and

inspection tools, look no further than RIDGID.

For over 80 years, RIDGID has been the go-to

brand for professional tradesmen worldwide.

From drain cleaning and wrenches to wet/

dry vacuums and electricians’ tools, RIDGID

has the right tool for the job. And with a

commitment to quality and innovation, you

can be confident that RIDGID tools will help

you get the job done right - every time. So

why wait? Visit www.shop.cbkhardware.com

today and see for yourself why RIDGID is the

world’s leading manufacturer of professionalgrade

tools.

Products showcased at Worldbex

Click here to view all products

• Ridgid Drain Cleaning Machine Powerclear

220v

2. Stanley

STANLEY Tools has been a trusted name in hand tools, power tools, and storage products

for over 170 years. Today, the STANLEY brand is well-known for its quality, durability, and

innovative design. From screwdrivers and hammers to saws and vacuums, STANLEY has the

right tool for any job. And with a wide range of storage solutions, STANLEY can help you keep

your workspace organized and clutter-free. Whether you’re a professional tradesman or a DIY

enthusiast, STANLEY has the tools you need to get the job done right.

Products showcased at Worldbex

Click here to view all products

• Stanley Powertools Chop Saw

355mm 2200 Watts

• Stanley Powertools Impact Drill

13mm 720 Watts

9



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FEATURE STORY

3. Lincoln Electric

Lincoln Electric is the world leader in the design, development, and

manufacture of arc welding products, robotic arc-welding systems, plasma,

and oxyfuel cutting equipment and has a leading global market share in the

brazing and soldering alloys market. Headquartered in Cleveland, Ohio,

Lincoln Electric has 64 manufacturing locations, including operations and joint

ventures in 19 countries, and a worldwide network of distributors and sales

offices covering more than 160 countries.

Products showcased at Worldbex

Click here to to view all products

• LINK 42731

4. EZSET

With its devoted and innovative team of of

professionals, EZSET has been a leader and

pioneer in in mechanical locks and electronic

remote access solutions for over 60 years.

Spectrum Brands bought EZSET’s parent firm,

Tong Lung Metal, in in 2012. Spectrum Brands, a

publicly traded corporation (NYSE: SPB) and

one of of the top 500 firms in in the United States,

offers its products in in over 120 countries and

over 1 million retail locations globally.

Tong Lung Metal is is pleased that their EZSET

brand is is a part of of Spectrum Brands’ Hardware

and Home Improvement team, which also

includes industry heavyweights like Baldwin,

Kwikset, Weiser, Pfister, National Hardware,

and Fanal. Customers consider Tong Lung

Metal a world leader in in mechanical and

electronic door lock hardware, door closers,

hinges, and door accessories. Their goods

can be found in in over 40 countries. In In the

Philippines, CBK Hardware is is the authorized

distributor throughout the country.

Products showcased at Worldbex

Click here to to view all products

• Ezset Knobset Entrance Devon Grade 3 Satin

Stainless Steel

• Ezset Leverset Entrance Hawthorn Grade 3 Satin

Nickel

• Ezset Knobset Entrance Bala Grade 3 Satin

Stainless Steel

• Ezset Knobset Entrance Bala Grade 3 Antique

Brass

• Ezset Deadbolt Single Cylinder Zinc Cylinder

Hous Satin Stainless Steel

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• Ezset Knobset Entrance Devon Grade 3 Satin Stainless Steel

• Ezset Leverset Entrance Hawthorn Grade 3 Satin Nickel

• Ezset Knobset Entrance Bala Grade 3 Satin Stainless Steel

• Ezset Knobset Entrance Bala Grade 3 Antique Brass

• Ezset Deadbolt Single Cylinder Zinc Cylinder Hous Satin Stainless Steel

• Ezset Combination Set 1c Dbolt Bala Knobset Satin Stainless Steel

• Ezset Combination Set 1 Cylinder Deadbolt Bala Knobset Antique Brass

• Ezset Combination Set 1c Dbolt Bala Knobset Satin Stainless Steel

• Ezset Leverset Entrance Queen Grade 3 Antique Brass

• Ezset Combination Set 1 Cylinder Deadbolt Bala Knobset Antique Brass

• Ezset Leverset Entrance Queen Grade 3 Antique Brass

5. Yale

People around the world are actively

safeguarding their homes, families, personal

belongings, and businesses with Yale, the

brand which is is synonymous with quality and

safety. This is is why Yale is is “the most popular

lock in in the world.”

Yale began as a mechanical lock company

180 years ago and has since driven the

growth of of connected smart locks and home

security.

Products showcased at Worldbex

Click here to to view all products

• YLHYDM7116

• Yale Door Lock Digital Deadlatch Essential

• Yale Door Lock Digital

• YLHYR222NR619

In In over 125 countries, Yale is is the brand behind

locks of of every style and function.

Yale, one of of the oldest global brands, is is the most

well-known and respected name in in the door lock

industry, with millions of of Yale locks in in use across

the world.

Yale door locks are a simple and effective way to to

secure your home. It It is is easy to to install and use, and

it it provides a high level of of security.

13




FEATURE STORY

6. Westinghouse

Westinghouse Electric Company is a leading

manufacturer of ceiling fans, electric fans,

floor fans, lighting fixtures, and LED light

bulbs. With over 100 years of experience

in the electrical industry, Westinghouse is a

trusted name when it comes to quality and

innovation.

Products showcased at Worldbex

Click here to view all products

• Westinghouse Contempra Trio Ceiling Fan

5-blades 42” Antique Brass [78510]

• Westinghouse Comet Matte Black

• Westinghouse Lighting [78078] Ceiling Fan

Swirl 5-blades 52” Satin Brass

Whether you’re looking for a ceiling fan to

keep your home cool during the summer

months or an electric fan to help circulate

the air in your office, Westinghouse has a

variety of options to choose from. And with

their wide selection of LED light bulbs, you

can rest assured that you’re getting the most

energy-efficient option available.

So, if you’re in the market for some new

ceiling fans or light bulbs, be sure to

check out Westinghouse – you won’t be

disappointed!

7. ACO

ACO is a manufacturer of consumer electronics and appliances with a wide range of

products that includes ceiling fans, air purifiers, massage guns, electric insect killers,

kettles, and more. ACO has a long history of providing quality products to consumers and

is committed to continued innovation and customer satisfaction. With a wide variety of home

and consumer electronic products available, ACO is sure to have something for everyone.

Products showcased at Worldbex

Click here to view all products

• Aco Electric Kettle White

• Aco Electric Insect Killer

• Aco Air Purifier 85w

• ACOL1Q123WHT


8. Argo

Argos is a trusted name in the construction and engineering industry. For over 60 years,

Argos has been manufacturing top-quality construction tools and engineering equipment.

Argos has the right tool for every job, from impact drills to angle grinders and jigsaws. Argos

products are built to last with a commitment to safety and durability. When you need reliable

construction tools and equipment, turn to Argos.

Products showcased at Worldbex

Click here to view all products

• Argo Impact Drill 13mm 0-3000rpm 500w

• Argo Angle Grinder 100mm 11000rpm 860w

9. Shop-Vac

There are several businesses that tout their products as the best wet/dry vacuums, but there

is one brand that stands out from the rest, Shop-Vac®.

Their innovative vacuums are being used by consumers, whether for houses, automobiles,

basements, patios, or driveways. A Shop-Vac’s quality performance and convenience make

it ideal for use at home and work. Shop-Vac has been manufacturing the best vacuums and

cleaning equipment since 1953.

Products showcased at Worldbex

Click here to view all products

• Shopvac Micro 16


Precision Cable-Stripping Tools

Quality made in Germany


SpecialiSt WORKWeaR


FEATURE STORY

10. EKO

Over the years, the EKO product range,

such as trash bins and garbage cans, has

expanded and been sold globally. With a

commitment to protecting the environment,

EKO ensures the safety of people and

enhances the quality and aesthetics of living

spaces.

Products showcased at Worldbex

Click here to view all products

• Eko Step Bin Artistic 12l Pp Liner

Fingerprint Proof Brass Stainless Steel

• Eko 12l Stella Square Step Bin

EKO trash bins are created with the

consumer in mind. The EKO design team

meticulously researches each and every

aspect of its product – what is the ideal

sensor range for each trash bin? Which

petal contour maximizes functionality and

aesthetics? EKO combines functionality,

beauty, and safety in every trash bin product.

11. Eurostream

Globe Union Industrial Group has been

building a reputation in Canada since 1990

under the brand name Eurostream. Its affiliate

Shenzhen Globe Union Industrial Corp.

manufactures most of its faucets in Shenzhen,

China. CBK Hardware is the official distributor

of these elegant faucets for toilets and

kitchens in the Philippines.

Products showcased at Worldbex

Click here to view all products

• Eurostream Kitchen Faucet Single Lever

Handle Chrome

• D2F822N2CP

The Eurostream bathroom and kitchen faucet

products are well-made, and the prices are

reasonable compared to other brands.

An independent US and Canadian laboratory’s

examination of Eurostream faucets revealed

that they met all dependability and safety

requirements governing the sale and

installation of drinking-water faucets in North

America.


12. Delta

DELTA is a leading manufacturer of quality faucets and accessories for bathrooms and

kitchens. DELTA products are known for their durability, style, and performance. DELTA

faucets and accessories are available in a wide range of styles to suit any taste.

Products showcased at Worldbex

Click here to view all products

• DT44075SQ

• DT44025LP

CBK Hardware showcased its products for home builders and designers at

Worldbex Exhibition 2022. The company’s products are of high quality and

meet the needs of customers. CBK Hardware is a trusted supplier of hardware

products for home builders and interior designers.

CBK Hardware’s participation at the 25th Worldbex Exhibition was a huge

success. They were able to gain new clients, increase sales from existing

clients, and get positive feedback on their products. Overall, the exhibition was

a great achievement in terms of marketing and sales for CBK Hardware


DRILLING AND

FASTENING

Product range

Tools for the toughest demands


LADIES WORKWEAR

“I won’t compromise on quality. Dickies delivers.”


FEATURE STORY

Co Ban Kiat Hardware, Inc.

Ground Floor, Cobankiat Building II

231 Juan Luna St. Binondo Manila, Philippines.

Phone +632 8243-1931

Phone +632 8242-6925

Phone +632 8894-6561 & +638-272-931-981

Email info@cobankiat.com.ph;

ind@cobankiat.com.ph

Coby’s Design Center

Unit 467 level 4 Shangri-La Plaza

Edsa Corner Shaw Boulevard

Mandaluyong City, Philippines

Phone +632 86364895

Where to Buy?

CBK Hardware Inc. is one of the Philippines’ pioneers in the hardware business since

1920. Known as the premier hardware and home improvement provider, CBK aims to make

everything better by bringing the world’s biggest brands to Filipino homes.

Visit us on the following sites and enjoy deals, discounts, and more!

Lazada Store:

Website: https://shop.cbkhardware.com/

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/cbkhardware/

Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/cbkhardware

Join our Fast-Growing Viber Community: https://bit.ly/39Lngjg

24


About CBK Hardware

For over one hundred years, a family’s surname has become synonymous with the country’s

biggest hardware supply company. Co Ban Kiat Hardware Incorporated of the Cobankiat family

has a regular client network of more than 1,500 industrial organizations, 1,600 traditional

community hardware stores, and 584 home building specialty chains of stores across Luzon

Visayas and Mindanao. This ever-growing conglomerate traces its humble roots to Manila

Chinatown, as a pioneer enterprise started by the family’s patriarch, Mr. Cobankiat, in 1920.

Despite the ruins of World War II, the business got back to its feet in 1948, rebuilding a storefront

from the very same spot where it was known for three decades.

While the Filipinos continued to rebuild their lives post-war, CBK Hardware saw the opportunity

to introduce the retail concept once unheard of in the hardware industry. Cobankiat Hardware

brought the first DIY business in Asia. The Hardware Workshop Store is the fruit of this endeavor.

CBK Hardware further cemented its legendary distribution channel with the creation of Coby’

Design Center in Edsa Shangri La in 1996, a specialty store that caters to the discriminating taste

of modern Filipinos.

In 1997, Mr. Johnny Cobankiat, the 4th generation Cobankiat leader, set another milestone for

the company when he brought the franchise of Ace Hardware USA to the Philippines and signed

up CBK Hardware as one of its major suppliers. This further expanded into delivering quality

world-class products nearer to families of Filipino overseas workers in the countryside.

A century’s excellence can quickly pass, and guided by the vision to be the largest network

supplier of the biggest global brands in the hardware industry, CBK Hardware resolves to source

the best products to supply its customers anytime and every time.

25




FEATURE STORY

LG Launches New Virtual

Platform For Air Solution

Technology

The LG HVAC Virtual Experience Provides Visitors with the Opportunity to Explore a Wide Range of

Residential and Commercial Solutions

As consumers and business have looked to online recourses to help influencer their purchase

decision, virtual experiences have become a key trend. In light of this, LG Electronics

(LG) Home Appliance & Air Solution Company has opened a new online showroom,

LG HVAC Virtual Experience. Utilizing the latest in digital technology, this interactive

online showroom lets visitors get to know LG’s diverse range of residential and commercial indoor

environmental solutions from the comfort and safety of their homes.

The showroom delivers an intuitive, virtual experience that lets visitors view the compa-ny’s latest

solutions in a variety of virtual environments to learn about the benefits they provide, such as greater

comfort, improved indoor air quality and seamless control, all important in helping customers make

informed and important decisions for the family or employees.

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Upon entering LG HVAC Virtual Experience, visitors can choose from a range of busi-ness and living

space categories: Residential Apartment, Residential Villa, Office Gen-eral, Office High-Rise, Retail

and Hotel. Customers can roam the 3D environments freely using their mouse or touchscreen. Menus

offer additional information on every model, including specifications, features, product videos and case

studies. Simple to use and navigate, LG’s new virtual platform is a great tool for consumers, industry

profes-sionals and partners looking to create healthier and more comfortable indoor spaces.

What’s more, the virtual showroom allows visitors to see the behind-the-scenes details and technologies.

Press the onscreen Airflow and Piping buttons to see how air travels in an air conditioner or air purifier

and how pipes direct water and refrigerant through a system. Virtually switch operational modes and

observe how airflow changes from one air conditioner to another. Beyond the technology and science,

the showroom is also a great place to check out all the products’ stylish designs to see how they match

various virtual interiors.

LG HVAC Virtual Experience is an open, engaging online resource that will give visi-tors a thorough

understanding of LG’s latest, optimized HVAC solutions for all kinds of spaces, helping them figure out

which products are best suited to their specific needs.

Visit LG Virtual HVAC Experience to discover the company’s latest indoor environ-mental comfort

technologies on your PC or smartphone.

About LG Electronics Home Appliance & Air Solution Company

The LG Home Appliance & Air Solution Company is a global leader in home appliances, smart home

solutions, air quality systems as well as visionary products featuring artificial intelligence. The company

is creating total solutions for the home with its industry leading core technologies and is committed

to making life better for consumers around the world by developing thoughtfully designed kitchen

appliances, living appliances and air solution products. Together, these products deliver enhanced

convenience, superb performance, efficient operation and compelling health benefits. For more

information, visit www.LG.com.

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31


There is a battle brewing between two of the world’s most popular

professions of architecture vs civil engineering. Both fields are

essential to the built environment, but which one is more important?

That is the question that has been debated for years, with no clear

winner in sight.

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C O V E R

S T O R Y

The debate between architects and

engineers is not new, but it has been

intensified in recent years as the two

professions have become more specialized.

The Battle of the Builders is a battle between

two groups of people who both claim to be

the best builders. The architects say that they

are the better builders because they design

the buildings and make sure that they are

structurally sound. The civil engineers say

that they are the better builders because

they build the actual foundation and make

sure that everything is up to code.

In the modern world, the terms “architect”

and “civil engineer” are often used

interchangeably. However, these two

professions are quite different, both in

terms of their training and the work they do.

Architects are primarily concerned with the

design of buildings, while civil engineers

are responsible for the construction and

maintenance of infrastructure such as roads,

bridges, and water systems.

These Fields are Structured Differently: Get to

Know the Differences Between Architecture

and Civil Engineering

The Pros and Cons of Each:

Architecture vs Civil Engineering

When it comes to the world of builders, there

is a continuous debate between those in

architecture and those in civil engineering.

There are pros and cons to each profession,

making it difficult to determine which one

is the best option. When trying to make a

decision, it is important to consider all

aspects of each job before making a final

decision.

For starters, let’s look at the education

required for both professions. An architect

typically needs a five-year Bachelor of

Architecture degree, whereas a civil

engineer needs a four-year Bachelor of

Science in Civil Engineering. However, this

does not mean that an architect is more

qualified than a civil engineer. In fact, many

argue that the extra year of schooling for an

architect is unnecessary and that they learn

more on-the-job than in school.

The next thing to consider is the job outlook

and salary.

The Salary of Architects vs Civil

Engineers

There’s no denying that both architects

and civil engineers are essential to the

construction industry. But when it comes to

earnings, these two professions are worlds

apart. According to the U.S. Bureau of

Labor Statistics, the median salary for civil

engineers is much higher compared to

architects.

PUT HERE THE CHART STATISTICS

So what explains this discrepancy? A big

part of it has to do with experience, a safe

environment, and hazard pay. While both

professions require passing a licensure

exam, civil engineers must complete a much

longer and more intensive construction site

process, safety, and hazard training.

But even with all these factors considered,

civil engineers still earn significantly more

than architects. One reason for this may be

that architects are often seen as the creative

behind a project, while civil engineers are

viewed as more of a mental and physical

intensive job in both offices and on

construction project sites.

The Job Outlook: Architects vs Civil

Engineering

There is a lot of debate between which

profession is better, architects or civil

engineers. There are many similarities

between the two, as they both deal with

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ads


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C O V E R

S T O R Y

48


designing and constructing buildings.

However, there are also some key differences

that set them apart.

When it comes to job outlook, both professions

are expected to grow in the coming years.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts that

employment of architects will grow by 3%

from 2018 to 2028, while employment of civil

engineers is projected to grow by 7% over the

same time period. So, while both professions

offer good job prospects, civil engineering

appears to be a more promising field in terms

of growth potential.

What the debate is about: Architecture

vs Civil Engineering

When it comes to the world of construction,

there are two main camps: those who study

architecture and those who study civil

engineering. The debate between these two

groups is one that has been around for years,

with no clear winner in sight.

So, what exactly is the difference between

these two disciplines? Architecture is more

concerned with the aesthetics of a construction

project, while civil engineering focuses on the

functionality and practicality. This means that

architects are often responsible for designing

buildings that are both beautiful and

structurally sound, while civil engineers must

ensure that all the systems within a building

work properly and can support the weight of

the structure.

There are arguments to be made for both

sides. Some people believe that architecture

is more important than civil engineering, as

buildings would be worthless if they collapsed

or were not easy to use.

The advantages of architecture vs

civil engineering

There are many advantages that architecture

has over civil engineering. For one, architecture

is a much more creative field. Architects are

able to design unique buildings that are

both functional and aesthetically pleasing.

They also have a better understanding of

how people use buildings and can therefore

design spaces that are more user-friendly.

Another advantage of architecture is that it is a

more sustainable field. Architects are always

looking for ways to incorporate green design

principles into their projects. This means that

buildings designed by architects are typically

more energy-efficient and have a smaller

environmental impact than those designed by

civil engineers.

Finally, architecture is a field that is constantly

evolving. New technologies and materials are

being developed all the time, and architects

need to be at the forefront of these changes

in order to create the best possible designs.

Arguably, civil engineering, on the other hand,

is a much more static field.

The advantages of civil engineering

over architecture

There are many advantages that civil

engineering has over architecture. One is

that civil engineers are more involved in

the construction process. They work with

contractors and other engineers to make

sure that the project is built according to

specifications. Another advantage is that

civil engineers have a better understanding

of how infrastructure works. This includes

things like water systems, sewer systems,

and roads. They also understand the impact

of construction on the environment and how

to minimize it.

Civil engineers must consider factors such as

safety, cost, and utility when designing these

projects. Architects typically design buildings

or residential homes. While they must also

consider factors such as safety and cost, their

designs are not required to be as functional

as those of civil engineers.

49




C O V E R

S T O R Y

Another advantage that civil engineering has

over architecture is that civil engineers often

have more job stability than architects. This is

because there is always a need for infrastructure

projects, even during economic downturns.

Architects may find themselves out of work

during these times if the construction industry

slows down.

Overall, civil engineering offers many advantages

over architecture.

The case for architecture: creativity,

artistry, etc.

When it comes to the design and construction of

our built environment, there is a battle brewing

between two very different camps: those who see

architecture as an art form, and those who view

it as a science. On one side are the architects,

with their focus on creativity, aesthetics, and

self-expression. On the other side are the

civil engineers, whose priority is functionality,

efficiency, and safety.

So, which side is right? Is architecture an art or

a science? The answer is: both.

At its core, architecture is the process of

creating functional spaces that meet the needs

of the people who will use them. But what sets

architecture apart from other disciplines that

deal with function is its attention to form. An

architect doesn’t just design buildings; they

create experiences.

The case for civil engineering:

functionality, practicality, etc.

The case for civil engineering is clear. It is

the engineers who design and oversee the

construction of the infrastructure that we all rely

on every day. From bridges and tunnels to roads

and railways, civil engineers are responsible for

making sure that our built environment is safe

and functional.

While architects may be more concerned with

the aesthetics of a project, civil engineers are

focused on making sure that it is practical and

safe. They use their expertise in mathematics

and physics to design structures that can

withstand the forces of nature and the weight of

traffic.

In recent years, there has been an increased

focus on sustainable design in the engineering

community. Civil engineers are working to find

ways to reduce the environmental impact of our

built infrastructure. By using materials that are

more environmentally friendly and designing

structures that use less energy, they are helping

to make our world a more sustainable place.

The two disciplines are not mutually

exclusive: Architecture vs Civil

engineering

There is a common misconception that architects

and civil engineers are in competition with each

other, but the truth is that these two disciplines

are not mutually exclusive. In fact, they often

work together to design and build the world

around us.

Architects are responsible for the aesthetic

design of a structure, as well as its function.

They take into account the needs of the people

who will be using the space and create a layout

that is both practical and visually appealing.

Civil engineers, on the other hand, focus on the

structural integrity of a building. They make sure

that it can support the weight of the materials

used and withstand external forces like wind

and earthquakes.

Both architects and civil engineers are essential

in the construction process. Without one or the

other, our buildings would either collapse or be

too ugly to look at!

The need for both: Architecture vs

Civil Engineering

There is a common misconception that

architects and civil engineers are one and

the same. Although both professions deal


with the design and construction of buildings,

there are distinct differences between the two.

Architects are responsible for the aesthetic

design of a structure, while civil engineers focus

on the practical aspects such as the stability,

functionality, and construction of a project.

Both professions are essential in the building

process. An architect may have a vision for an

aesthetically pleasing structure, but without the

expertise of a civil engineer, that vision may

not be possible to execute. Conversely, a civil

engineer may be able to come up with a stable

and functional design, but without an architect’s

touch, it may not be visually appealing.

The need for both architects and civil engineers

highlights the importance of collaboration in the

construction industry.

The Builder’s Battle: Architecture vs

Civil Engineering

There is a lot of debate in the world of builders

about which profession is better, architecture

or civil engineering. Architecture is the art and

science of designing and constructing buildings,

while civil engineering is the profession that deals

with the design, construction, and maintenance

of infrastructure projects like roads, bridges,

and dams. Both professions are essential to the

built environment, but they have different focus

areas.

Architects are concerned with the aesthetic

design of buildings, as well as their function.

They take into account things like a building’s

appearance, its impact on the surrounding

environment, and how it will be used by people.

Architects also need to be creative in order to

come up with innovative solutions to problems.

Civil engineers, on the other hand, are more

focused on making sure that infrastructure

projects are safe and efficient. In addition to

designing projects, they also make sure that

projects meet government regulations and

standards.

Education Requirements: Architects

vs Civil Engineers

Education Requirements for Architects

There are many different paths that one can take

to become an architect. The most common route

is to earn a professional degree in architecture,

which typically takes five years. Many architects

also have a master’s degree in architecture,

which can add an additional two to three years

of study.

In order to practice architecture, one must be

licensed by the state in which they wish to work.

To obtain a license, architects must complete a

rigorous education and training process, which

includes passing the Architect Registration

Examination.

The education requirements for architects vary

by state, but all states require completion of an

accredited professional degree in architecture

and passage of the ARE. Some states also

have experience requirements that must be met

before taking the ARE. Once licensed, architects

must maintain their license through continuing

education credits.

Education Requirements of Civil

Engineers

When it comes to the education requirements of

civil engineers, there is a lot of debate between

architecture and civil engineering. Some believe

that a civil engineer should have a degree in

civil engineering, while others believe that an

architect should have a degree in architecture.

There are many different opinions on this matter,

but the bottom line is that both professions require

a lot of education and training. A civil engineer

needs to have a strong understanding of math

and physics, as well as being able to design

and construct buildings and other structures. An

architect needs to be creative and have a good

eye for detail, as well as being able to plan and

oversee the construction of buildings.


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So, which profession is better suited for someone

with a degree in architecture or civil engineering?

That really depends on the person’s strengths

and interests.

The Winner is...: who takes the title?

When it comes to the title of “The Winner

is… who takes the title?”, there can be a few

different interpretations of architecture vs civil

engineering. These two professions are often

considered to be at odds with each other, but

which one is really the winner?

There are a few key differences between these

two professions. Architects are responsible for

the design of buildings, while civil engineers

are responsible for the construction and

maintenance of infrastructure. This means that

architects are more focused on the aesthetics of

a project, while civil engineers are more focused

on functionality.

So, who is the real winner in this battle? It

depends on what you value more – beauty or

function, safety or peace of mind, physical or

mental work, office or at the site. If you prefer

Function over Form, then it’s clear that civil

engineering is the superior profession.

Here are the data for you to decide who

is the clear winner of architecture vs civil

engineering

• Job Outlook: Civil Engineering wins

• Salary: Civil Engineering wins

• Education: Tie

• Experience: Tie

• Work-Life Balance: Architecture wins

• Low Work Stress: Architecture wins

Engineering Your Future: How to Choose

Between Architecture and Civil Engineering

When it comes to choosing between a career

in architecture or civil engineering, it can be

difficult to decide which one is right for you.

Both disciplines are essential in the construction

industry, but they each have their own unique

set of skills and knowledge.

Architects are responsible for the design of

buildings and other structures. They must have

a strong understanding of aesthetics and be

able to create designs that are both functional

and visually appealing. Architects also need to

be good at problem-solving, as they often have

to find creative solutions to challenges that arise

during the construction process.

Civil engineers, on the other hand, are

responsible for the planning and construction of

infrastructure projects such as roads, bridges,

and sewer systems. They need to have a strong

understanding of mathematics and physics, as

well as be skilled in project management.

Final Thoughts: Architecture vs Civil

Engineering

In conclusion, it is clear that architecture and civil

engineering are both important fields. They both

require a lot of careful planning and attention

to detail. However, it is also clear that they are

quite different. Architecture is more focused

on the aesthetic design of structures, while

civil engineering is more focused on the actual

construction and stability of those structures.

In conclusion, both architecture and civil

engineering are important disciplines that

contribute to the built environment. They both

require a high level of education and training,

and both offer exciting and challenging

career opportunities. However, they are

different disciplines with different focus areas.

Architecture focuses on the design of buildings

and other structures, while civil engineering

focuses on the planning, design, construction,

and maintenance of infrastructure.



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NEWS

$29.4 Bn Digital Map Global

Forecast: 3D Platforms and

Advanced Technologies for

Surveying Drives the Market

The Global Digital Map Market Size is Projected to Grow From USD 13.9 Billion in 2019 to USD

29.4 Billion by 2024, at a CAGR of 16.2% from 2019 to 2024.

A

significant growth driver for the

market is growing adoption of

mobile computing devices for

navigation, wide adoption of 3D

platforms, and advanced technologies

for surveying and digital map-making.

In the vertical segment, infrastructure

development and construction

segment to hold a larger market size

in 2019.

Digital map solutions play an essential

role in the construction and engineering

companies, as they support all phases

of the infrastructure life cycle. Also,

these solutions help construction

engineers manage and share data,

generate reports, and visualize territory

data, which can be analyzed and

communicated to others. Digital maps

help increase safety measures and

reduce the maintenance costs of the

network.

For instance, London created a digital

map of the underground infrastructure,

including gas and water pipes along

with electricity and telecommunication

cables, which helps safeguard workers’

lives and reduce the cost of damages to

utilities, such as pipes and cables.

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By Mapping type, indoor mapping to register a higher growth rate

during the forecast period

Indoor mapping is deployed primarily for big complexes, such as hospitals,

residential areas, townships, shopping malls, and warehouses. The methods

and techniques used in indoor location applications enable accurate 2D and 3D

mapping, and navigation. Vendors have started deploying digital maps for indoor

infrastructures, due to the growth in concentration in smart city infrastructures

and the surge in enhancing the digital experience.

Asia Pacific (APAC) to register the highest growth rate during the

forecast period

The APAC digital map market is experiencing a disruptive growth, owing to its

rapidly growing number of internet subscribers and consumption of internet over

smartphones and other portable devices. The market is expected to grow at an

even higher rate than present due to the ever-increasing consumption of content

in major APAC economies such as China, India, Australia, Japan, Singapore,

and Hong Kong are the major contributing factors for the growth of the digital

map market in this region.

Moreover, the massive growth in the agriculture, oil, and gas, and Other natural

resources industry have fueled the growth of the Digital Map market, making

APAC one of the fastest-growing regions in the Digital Map markets.

Market Dynamics

Drivers

Rising Adoption of Mobile Computing Devices for Navigation

Wide Adoption of 3D Platforms and Advanced Technologies for Surveying and

Digital Map-Making Drives the Market

Significant Growth in the use of Geospatial Information

Restraints

Legal and Regulatory Policies Limiting the Development of the Digital Mapping

Technology

Opportunities

Rising Demand for Real-Time Mapping of Data

Emergence of Cloud Technology and Big Data in Digital Mapping Solutions

Challenges

User Privacy and Security Concerns

Lack of Expertise and Skilled Professionals in Digital Mapping Solutions

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NEWS

Honeywell Expands Navigation

Offerings To Meet Evolving

Requirements For Industrial

Applications

New HGuide inertial measurement units offer high-performance and cost-efficient solutions

for reliable navigation data in challenging environments.

Honeywell (NYSE: HON) is introducing two new inertial measurement units

(IMUs) to provide world-class navigation in a small, lightweight package without

compromising on cost. Built to withstand almost any environment in the air, on

land or underwater, these small-but-mighty sensors can serve several markets,

including agriculture, robotics, survey/mapping, unmanned vehicles and transportation.

An IMU uses gyroscopes, accelerometers and electronics to give precise rotation and

acceleration data to a platform’s control system. The IMU enables the system to calculate

where it is, what direction it’s going and at what speed, even when GPS signals aren’t

available.

64


“Honeywell is committed to expanding our inertial sensor and navigation offerings to meet

the needs of new industrial customers with our HGuide i300 and HG4930 S-Class IMUs,”

said Chris Lund, senior director, HGuide Navigation and Sensors, Honeywell Aerospace.

“Our customers are always looking for IMUs with different performance capabilities and price

points to meet their companies’ needs, and we’re helping support them with the introduction

of our new IMUs.”

The HGuide i300 Micro-Electro-Mechanical System (MEMS) IMU can be used in several

industrial applications, such as autonomous vehicle testing, precision agriculture, surveying

and mapping, pipeline inspections, platform control, and motion compensation. The HG4930

S-Class IMU provides high bandwidth and high data rates for precision stabilization needs,

including optical sensors and satellite communication antennas. The HG4930 S-Class IMU is

also a smaller, lower-power and cost-effective replacement for Fiber Optic Gyro (FOG) IMUs.

Key advantages of the HGuide i300 MEMS IMU and HG4930 S-Class IMU

Both the HGuide i300 MEMS IMU and HG4930 S-Class IMU were created through rigorous

development and testing processes and are exposed to an extensive factory calibration and

compensation procedure. The units are available today as scalable, cost-effective solutions.

Other benefits include:

• A range of user-changeable options with selectable output data rates and filtering

• Multiple, configurable communication protocols

• Proven reliability, dependability and ruggedness throughout the life of the unit

• Best-in-class performance for unit size and price

Honeywell has been producing high-performance inertial sensors for decades and has

delivered more than 500,000 units to serve as navigation aids on an extensive list of air

and spacecraft flying today. As the industry evolves, Honeywell’s HGuide suite of IMUs

and navigators is a key enabler of emerging segments like urban air mobility, autonomous

vehicles, precision agriculture and robotics.

65


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NEWS

The Volvo Group Creates

New Business Area for

Autonomous Transport

Solutions

The new business area, Volvo Autonomous Solutions, will accelerate the development,

commercialization and sales of autonomous transport solutions. This will enable the

Volvo Group to meet a growing demand and to offer the best possible solutions

to customers in such segments as mining, ports and transport between logistics

centers, as a complement to today’s products and services.

With global developments that are characterized by higher demand for transportation,

increasingly congested roads and major environmental challenges, the industry needs to

provide transport solutions that are safer, have a lower environmental impact and are more

efficient.

68


Autonomous transport solutions, based on self-driving and connectivity technologies are wellsuited

for applications where there is a need to move large volumes of goods and material

on pre-defined routes, in repetitive flows. In such situations, autonomous transport solutions

can create value for customers by contributing to improved flexibility, delivery precision and

productivity.

“We have experienced a significant increase in inquiries from customers. With the Volvo

Group’s wide range of offerings and broad experience of different applications, we have a

unique opportunity to offer solutions that meet their specific needs. It is a logical next step for

us to gather expertise and resources in a new business area with profit and loss responsibility

to take autonomous transport solutions to the next level,” says Martin Lundstedt, President and

CEO.

The Volvo Group has already demonstrated a number of different

autonomous transport solutions.

In the Electric Site project, material handling in a quarry was automated and electrified. The

result was a safer working environment and a reduction of operator costs by 40 percent and of

carbon dioxide emissions by 98 percent.

At the Brønnøy Kalk mine in Norway, autonomous Volvo FH trucks will be used in commercial

operation to transport limestone along a five-kilometer stretch.

Another pioneering initiative is the self-driving, connected and electric vehicle Vera. In its first

assignment Vera will form part of an integrated solution to transport goods from a logistics

center to a port terminal in Gothenburg, Sweden.

Volvo Autonomous Solutions will constitute a new business area as of January 1, 2020. Its

financial results will be reported as part of the Truck segment. The recruitment process for the

position as Head of Volvo Autonomous Solutions has commenced.

69


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N E W S

S T O R I E S

An Employee Was Injured

Onsite, Now What?

Imagine walking into work and seeing one of your worst nightmares unfolding in front

of your eyes: one of your employees is injured, and it looks serious. As the business

owner, you spring into action, ensuring that an ambulance has been called and that

all other employees are safe. After the chaos dies down, you’re left to wonder—

what happens next?

To prepare for such scenarios, employers should learn more about the workers comp

settlement process and the specific provisions of their workers’ comp insurance

policy.

Breaking Down Workers’ Comp Coverage

This form of insurance is required for businesses in every U.S. state besides Texas.

Depending on where your company operates, you may have the option to purchase

a policy from a private insurance provider. Some states, however, require companies

to invest in coverage from a state fund.

72


When workplace incidents occur, workers’ comp covers the

following:

• Medical expenses related to a workplace injury or illness

• A portion of the wages lost by the employee due to their injury and recovery time

• Compensation for any permanent injuries

• The cost of retraining

• In the case of a workplace fatality, benefits to their survivors

• Some policies may also cover the employer’s legal fees or a portion of settlement

should the employee reject the workers’ comp compensation package.

After a workplace injury occurs and the injured employee has received care, the

compensation process begins:

Step 1: The Employee Files a Claim

If an onsite or work-related accident results in an injury, the injured employee must

report it to their employer.

Once the employer is informed about the injury or illness, the employee has suffered,

they will issue the appropriate forms. The paperwork includes forms that will be issued to

the company’s insurance provider and the state’s compensation board. The documents

also include information about the employee’s rights and the benefits the compensation

provides.

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Under what circumstances can an employee file a claim? For a worker to claim compensation

under this coverage, the following criteria must be met:

• The worker in question is an employee of the company, not a hired contractor.

• The injury or illness in question was suffered while on duty. The activity taking place when

the injury occurred must be clearly within the scope of their work-related tasks. These can

be activities that were being done offsite.

• The employer must have a workers’ comp policy.

Step 2: The Insurance Provider Responds

Once the paperwork is completed, the forms, along with a medical report from the employee’s

doctor, are sent to the insurance provider. Based on the information provided, the insurer

will decide whether to honor the claim or deny it. If a claim is denied, the employee can

pursue an appeal.


Each state has a different policy for how workers’ comp benefits are calculated. In general,

the compensation packages include payment for:

• Temporary total disability

• Temporary partial disability

• Permanent disability

• Reimbursement of medical expenses

Step 3: The Employee Accepts or Rejects the Insurance Offer

In most cases, the injured employee will accept the compensation package offered by the

insurance provider. However, if an employee feels that the compensation is inadequate,

they have the right to pursue a settlement from the employer. Their options include:

• Accepting the compensation offer as-is

• Negotiating a more substantial structured compensation- If the employee feels the value

of the compensation package offered will not adequately cover their medical care or their

loss of income, they can attempt to negotiate a payment plan with the employer.

• Negotiating a lump sum payoff- The employee can choose to pursue a one-off settlement

with the employer. This lump sum would include an estimation of total medical expenses

and disability payments.

If the two parties formally agree on a deal, the case is closed and cannot be revisited.

Protection for You, and Your Employees

Workplace injuries are unfortunate and difficult to deal with; however, they are not uncommon.

While you may not want to think of this reality, as an employer, it’s your responsibility to

prevent workplace injury, provide workers’ comp coverage, and to respond appropriately

should an accident occur.

Fortunately, workers’ compensation insurance provides a clear path forward when injuries

happen. The design of workers’ comp coverage is twofold: it protects employees by

guaranteeing compensation and care, and it protects employers from financial ruin should

a costly accident arise.

To secure the well-being of your business and employees, be sure to regularly review your

workers’ comp policy and consider an upgrade.


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S T O R I E S

Engineering Careers:

Coping with On the Job

Travel

For professional engineers, visiting all sorts of sites and locations worldwide can

be a regular fixture of their job. In fact, some end up spending so much time away

from home that they abandon having a central base of actions altogether. However,

as anyone that is regularly away from home will tell you, on the job travel can be

draining. The good news is that there are some smart tactics you can use to make the

experience go as smoothly as possible. Therefore, ensuring you are well-rested enough to

supply the accuracy and good judgment that working as an engineer requires.

Choose a carry on only.

It may seem simple, but opting to cake just a carry on can save you a great deal of time

and hassle when travelling by plane for work. In fact, it means that you don’t have to check

in your luggage beforehand. Also, you won’t have to suffer through the long wait until the

80


baggage carousel springs into motion once your flight is over. Therefore allowing you to meet

your clients or make your transport link to the sites on which you will be working much more

quickly and efficiently.

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You can also be sure that any valuable equipment or necessary plans and blueprints that you

are carrying are safe. After all, apart from a brief jaunt through the x-ray machine will remain

with you at all times.

Stay organised and in contact.

Next, if you find yourself travelling from one location to the next, it can be tough to stay in

contact with your clients and customers. Not to mention your nearest and dearest. In fact,

combine this with a situation where a client needs to send physical documents, and you can

have a real problem if you have no single physical base of operations.

Luckily, there is a tactic that you can use to work around such an issue. Is it to use a service

like the one physicaladdress offers. This is because it allows real-life mail to be sent to one

professional address. Then the contents are digitally scanned and forwarded to you online.

This means that no matter where your engineering work takes you, you can be sure you won’t

miss any critical client correspondence. In turn, that means you won’t have to deal with the

delay in projects that this can cause, either.

Opt for an upgrade where possible.

When it comes to engineering as a career, to operate effectively, you must be well-rested

enough to be accurate in your measurements and calculations. You also need to be alert

enough to truly hear what your client is saying to you concerning the problems you need to

solve.

Of course, being stuck on a cramped, a noisy, long haul flight isn’t conducive to these states in

any way. That is why, wherever possible, it’s best to upgrade to business class. At least then,

you will have the facilities to hand that you need to get a decent rest. Thus allowing you to be

on top of your game, as you touch down in your next location.

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N E W S

S T O R I E S

5 Tips for When You

Marry Military Engineer

Marrying someone in the military

means making sacrifices that a

traditional married person might

not have to make. That might

mean moving around a lot and being home

by yourself or with the children for months

at a time. Finding ways to cope with being a

military engineer spouse can help make the

transition from civilian life a little bit easier.

Here are five tips to take into consideration

when you marry someone in the military.

1. Learn to Cope During

Deployment Periods

You may have to go months without seeing

your spouse during deployment, so consider

how you’ll manage your home, bills and other

responsibilities on your own. You might be

living far away from your family, so you’ll have

to get used to doing things on your own, such

as cleaning the house, doing the laundry and

taking care of the children. On the plus side,

you’ll be able to enjoy military benefits, such

as military engineer pay, military engineer

spouse and family healthcare, a basic

allowance for housing (BAH), recreation

benefits and childcare benefits.

2. Get Used to Moving Around

It’s a well-known fact that military families

often move around a lot, which can be quite

a challenge, especially if you have children.

84


You’ll have to deal with helping them transition

from school to school and making new friends

all over again. You might get homesick when

moving to a new place, but on the positive

side of things, you’ll get to experience

different parts of the country (or maybe even

the world), which could mean you’ll always

have an interesting story to tell. Try to find the

silver lining and keep an open mind whenever

you move to a new place.

3. Find the Right Insurance

Coverage

The last thing you want is to break down on the

side of the road when your spouse and family

are miles away and can’t do anything to help

you, especially if you have your little ones in

the car with you. That’s why finding the right

insurance coverage is of utmost importance.

With USAA, you’ll get a comprehensive auto

insurance policy that saves you hundreds

of dollars each year compared to other

providers. You’ll also get accident forgiveness

and plenty of options based on your vehicle

and your driving record. You can also bundle

your homeowner’s or renter’s insurance to

save up to 10 percent.

4. Get Help Raising Your Family

Raising children in the military is different than

raising children in civilian life. You’ll have to

explain why your spouse is gone so often,

which might not be easy, depending on how

old your children are. You’ll also have the bulk

of parental responsibilities. Not to mention,

you’ll also have to deal with disciplining them

on your own and making sure their emotional

needs are met. You’ll be responsible for

teaching your children right from wrong and

how to care for themselves as they grow. All of

this can be overwhelming, especially during

deployment when the sole responsibility falls

in your lap. Get the help you need from family

members (if possible) or outside help from a

nanny using your military engineer benefits.

5. Continue to Pursue Your Own

Interests

Make time to get out and meet new people,

because being a military engineer spouse can

be lonely sometimes. Find your own interests

and hobbies to pursue so that you don’t

spend all of your time waiting for your spouse

to get back. It’s perfectly okay to have a life

of your own while your spouse is deployed.

Whether you decide to join a book club, learn

to play an instrument, take a writing class or

join an improv class, you can find something

that interests you outside of your marriage.

Get someone to watch the children at least

once a week so that you can take some time

for yourself to do what you enjoy doing.

Adjusting to Life as a Military

Engineer Spouse

Marrying someone in the military doesn’t mean

you’ll always be alone. It just means making

certain life adjustments. You’ll get to make

new friends all over the world, learn about

different cultures and enjoy all of the benefits

that come with being a military spouse. You’ll

also learn to be more independent and be

more inclined to pursue outside interests.

Marrying military also means finding ways to

care for and protect your loved ones, whether

that means hiring help or finding the right auto

insurance.

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N E W S

S T O R I E S

What is Operational

Definition

If you’re someone who is constantly working in quantifying different kinds of data, then

you’re going to want to know what operational definition is.

In essence, when the phrase “operational definition” is used in terms of data, it refers to a

concise and thorough definition of the measurement. To better explain this, it means that all

parts of your data collection will be explicitly explained.

Operational definition can be used for collecting a wide variety of data points and it can be

essential for knowing the true metrics of the data points. Operational definition can be most

usefill when there is a dispute after the data is collected about whether or not all of the data

points were collected correctly. It can even be used for visual data points and it can help with

visual checks if multiple data collectors are arguing about any points of confusion.

Operational definition is most helpful when it is fully outlined before any of the data collection

begins. Then there will be no confusion amongst team members about what data points

count for what.

When Can Operational Definition Be Used?

Operational definition can be used almost anytime that data is going to be collected. It will

save researchers a significant amount of time in the long run since everyone will be on the

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same page from the very beginning. It will also ensure that the results that come back from all of

the tests are accurate.

It is extremely important that the operational definition be as detailed as possible because everyone

has a different perception of the world, including each of your researchers. To avoid confusion,

you’ll want to make the instructions as detailed as humanly possible.

There are six key points to include in your operational definition to ensure that your instructions

are clear.

Steps To Create the Perfect Operational Definition

1) Determine What the Test Is Revolving Around

Your team will need to know what characteristic is being measured.

2) Select Your Measuring Instrument

The measuring instrument that you choose can be something physical such as a scale to measure

weight or a clock to determine the amount of time that has passed. However, the measuring

instrument can also be a visual test. If you’re ever going to use eyesight as the measuring tool of

choice, you’ll want to express if normal eyesight will work or if a magnifying glass will be needed

as well.

3) Explicitly Explain The Testing Method

This is the part where the actual test will be explained in depth so your researchers are fully aware

of what is going on. You’ll want to explain what measurements the tests are taking place in as well.

4) State How Decisions Should Be Made

Tell all of your researchers what they should be determining at the end of the test and how they

should be determining it. If this isn’t clearly defined, then the test won’t bring about accurate results.

5) Check That Your Researchers Understand The Operational Definition

Once you have all the other metrics in place, check with your researchers to make sure that they

understand all of the metrics as they should be taking place.

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N E W S

S T O R I E S

How to Choose Durable

Brown Work Boots Online

Work boots have been used for ages by various professionals mainly, outdoor

workers, laborers and farmers. Though the markets today are flooded with fancy

options, classic sturdy work boots have their takers. A good pair of boots is a

must-have for every stylish man. These stylish and versatile boots can be paired

with your semi-casual as well as casual wardrobe. If you’re looking for a comfortable pair of

shoes that’ll work well for an outdoor job and also look classy when dressed up, we’ve got you

covered. You can buy brown work boots online here.

Functional work boots today are not only used for outdoor work but can be paired with jeans and

a T-shirt for a casual look. To pick out your favorite pair of work boots, follow these suggestions

given below.

Tips on Choosing the Right Durable Brown Work Boots Online

1. Types of Work Boots: You can choose from the main types of work boots; lace up and pull

on work boots. Lace up boots give more support to the feet and the fit can be adjusted through

the lace. Pull on boots don’t have laces and are mostly waterproof. They are used by outdoor

workers like welders, construction workers and firefighters.

2. Good Quality: Since work boots never go out of style, buying a good quality and durable

pair of work boots can be a good investment. While choosing, look for the material of its

composition. Leather boots are extremely durable and since they tend to take on the shape

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of your feet, they are very comfortable too. For

best quality, go for the full grain leather boots.

These can be identified by their grainy, rugged

texture. Full grain leather is stronger and is likely

to last you for years to come. The craftsmanship

is another important factor that determines the

quality of boots. A well-crafted pair of shoes

tend to last longer.

3. Check the Soles: While buying work boots,

ensure that your shoes are well cushioned and

your feet are pain-free as you work through your

day. Look for cement constructed boots for

improved shelf life. Most work boots come with

replaceable insoles. A good arch supporting

insole not only keeps you comfortable but also

protects you from knee and joint pains. Outdoor

workers should opt for slip resistant soles to

avoid slipping in work areas.

4. Look out for the safety features: Given that

work boots are mostly worn by men who work

outdoors like engineers on a construction site,

most of them come with various safety features

like steel caps to provide safety. Features like

an anti-slip sole, water resistance and electric

shock resistance are some of the sought-after

features to look out. Choose a pair that provides

good protection to your feet.

5. Comfort: Comfort is one of the most important

things to look for, while buying work boots. Since

work boots may take a while to break in and fit

smoothly, to ensure maximum comfort, find a

work boot that fits you well. To buy the correct

fit online, measure your foot size in centimeters

and then match it to the size chart. In case, one

foot of yours is slightly bigger than the other, go

for the larger foot size. For a comfortable fit, the

toe cap should fit well and your arches should

be comfortable. Lace boots provide better foot

support and are easily adjustable.

Styling your Work Boots

Once worn primarily by workers, these chunky

boots have been fashionably adopted by

suave, fashion forward men. Most work boots

are versatile and can be styled in various ways.

Pair your tan work boots with heavy selvedge

denim for a casual look. Since these boots are

masculine, they go well with military inspired

jackets, flannel shirts and jumpers. Work boots

have a rugged look and shouldn’t be paired with

formals like formal trousers.

Conclusion

A good pair of work boots is durable and can

be used for ages. While buying a new pair,

look out for the quality of the material and its

craftsmanship to ensure you buy pair that stays.

Since work boots often take a while to break in,

it’s advisable to wear thick socks with it to avoid

discomfort and blisters. As work boots are low

maintenance, they just require cleaning once

in a while. When dirty, dust them off with a dry

piece of cloth.

Finally, if you plan to buy durable work boots

online, don’t just go for what looks good.

Additionally, make sure you know the material

composition, the type of sole, the safety features

and most importantly it fits you well!

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N E W S

S T O R I E S

Top 5 Things to Do

After an Accident

The aftermath of a car accident ranges from emotional to outright traumatic.

There’s a lot of adrenaline flowing, and that’s true even if no one is seriously

hurt. That’s why you need to know now what to do if you’re in a car wreck.

Here are the top 5 things to do after an auto accident. We’ll also explain

why these actions matter so much.

Check for Injuries

Once you’ve stopped, start checking yourself and others for injuries. If it is safe

to do so, check those in the other car for injuries. If anyone is seriously injured,

call 911 and request an ambulance. If it is necessary, you may need to get to

safety. For example, a car that’s been thrown into ongoing traffic may get hit

again. If you can, move the car out of the way of oncoming vehicles. However,

that’s a lower priority than taking care of anyone who is hurt.

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Document As Much As Possible Yourself

Don’t leave everything in the hands of the police. Take pictures of your car

from all sides. Take pictures of their car, as well. Don’t forget to get a picture

of their license plate in case they give you false information or are driving

someone else’s car. Take a picture of their driver’s license and insurance card,

because this is probably more accurate than hand-written notes. Capture the

current road conditions, in case this is relevant to determining fault later. Take

pictures of cross-streets to prove where you were. Ask everyone involved for

their contact information, in case you need them to make witness statements

later.

A side benefit of documenting all of this yourself is that it ensures you have

this information in case the other person leaves before a police report can be

made.

Call the Police

In some states, you’re required to report any accident, including fender benders,

to the police. This allows them to fill out an accident report and document the

scene. In the rest of the country, you want the police report so that you have a

neutral third party account of the accident. Furthermore, only a police officer

can prove one of the parties is drunk or otherwise in violation of the law. If

the police decide not to come out, you’ve already documented as much as

possible.

Wait for Help

Always wait until everyone’s needs have been tended to. Do not leave after

calling for an ambulance. You’re legally required to stay until first responders

have arrived take care of the injured. If you have asked police to come out, you

can’t leave even if you think you’re not at fault.

When the police arrive, get their names and badge numbers. Try to get a copy

of the police report. If that’s not possible, find out the police report number.

Your insurance company may ask for that information when you file the claim.

Notify Your Insurer

Notifying your insurer is among the last things to do after an accident. You

could call them while you’re at the accident scene. They may be able to tell

you what information they need to speed up the claims process. Or they could

explain the claims process to you. This could help you pass the time while

waiting for help to arrive.

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