OGL Oil and Gas Extraction 101

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E D I T O R ‘ S N O T E

The process of natural

gas extraction has been

around for many years

and is nothing new. So

what’s the fuss about natural

gas extraction? Some say

that the process of hydraulic

fracturing, or fracking, used to

extract natural gas from shale

formations deep underground,

can cause earthquakes,

contaminate drinking water,

and pollute the air. However,

there is little evidence to

support these claims.

The Process: How Is It


Oil and gas extraction is

the process of removing

these natural resources from

the ground. It is a complex

process that involves drilling,

pumps, and pipelines. The

extracted oil and gas are then

transported to refineries, where

they are processed into usable


Oil and gas extraction

techniques have been

happening for centuries, but

they have only become more

widespread and industrialized

in recent years. This has led to

environmental concerns, as the

process can cause water and

air pollution.

The Benefits: Why Do

We Do It?

Natural gas extraction is vital

to our economy and way of life.

Here are the top five benefits of

natural gas extraction:

1. Natural gas is a cleaner

burning fossil fuel than coal or

oil, emitting less carbon dioxide

into the atmosphere.

2. It is a domestic energy

source, which reduces our

What’s The Fuss About

Natural Gas Extraction?

dependence on foreign oil.

3. Natural gas extraction creates

jobs – both in the extraction

process and in manufacturing

industries that use natural gas

as a feedstock.

Natural gas extraction comes

with a number of benefits. First

and foremost, natural gas is

a domestic energy source,

which reduces our reliance on

foreign oil. Additionally, natural

gas is a clean-burning fuel,

emitting less carbon dioxide

and other pollutants than coal

or oil. Furthermore, natural gas

extraction creates jobs in the

United States and generates

revenue for state and local


The Costs: What Are

The Environmental


Natural gas is becoming

increasingly popular as

an energy source due to

its relatively low cost and

emissions. However, natural

gas extraction can have

significant environmental

impacts, including water and air

pollution, methane emissions,

and habitat destruction. These

impacts must be considered

when weighing the costs

and benefits of natural gas


The Future: Where Do

We Go From Here?

With the world’s oil and gas

resources running low, it is

becoming increasingly difficult

and expensive to extract

these fossil fuels. As a result,

there is a growing need to find

alternative sources of energy.

One potential solution is to

extract oil and gas from shale

formations. This process,

known as fracking, has already

been used extensively in the

United States and is now being

used in other countries as well.

However, fracking is not without

its problems.




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The CBK Hardware

Development Trend for

More Than 100 Years

How CBK Hardware Development Has Changed Over 100 Years

For more than 100 years, Co Ban Kiat (CBK) Hardware Inc. has been the most

reliable distributor of hardware and home improvement items in the Philippines.

Headed by Johnny Cobankiat, the company aims to make the lives of Filipinos

better with a continuous supply of top-of-the-line home and hardware solutions.

Co Ban Kiat Hardware Inc. started as a humble store in 1920 in the heart of

Binondo, Manila’s Chinatown, with the belief to provide Filipinos access to quality

products. Through the years, it transformed into a huge corporation that is now

dubbed the “House of Home Improvements.”

Thanks to CBK Hardware, Filipinos no longer have to settle for cheap and lowquality

products when it comes to meeting their needs at home or in the office.

While the branded items they sell are expensive, the company wants more

Filipinos to add more value to their money with high-quality products from the

world’s most trusted brands. With this, you no longer need to buy the same

product over and over again.

But how did CBK Hardware Inc., who had the modest beginnings turn into one of

the prime suppliers of first-rate, life-improving hardware and home improvement

materials in the Philippines? Let’s look back in the Philippines’ history and how it

molded CBK Hardware’s mission through time.

It was on December 08, 1941, when Japan made a surprise attack in the Philippines

right after 10 hours of Pearl Harbor bombing. Began with an aerial strike, the

arrival, and the attack of Japanese ground troops on the north and south sides

of Manila. Because of the inability of the Philippine and American troops to fight

back and protect the city, the Japanese occupied Manila on January 2, 1942.


The war between the Japanese troops and the United States-Philippine forces in

the country lasted for several years until Japan’s formal surrender on September 2,

1945. By the time the fight was over, the Philippines suffered great loss with massive

physical destruction and an estimated million Filipinos were killed during the postwar

era and Manila was severely destroyed.




every day

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Despite 3. Lincoln the tremendous Electric damage caused

by World War II, CBK Hardware managed

to recover in 1948, rebuilding a storefront

on Lincoln the exact Electric location is the world where leader it served in the design, development, and

Filipinos manufacture for three of arc decades. welding And products, around robotic arc-welding systems, plasma,

this and time, oxyfuel they cutting introduced equipment a new business and has a leading global market share in the

concept brazing and in the soldering hardware alloys market—the market. Headquartered in Cleveland, Ohio,

retail Lincoln concept, Electric The has Hardware 64 manufacturing Workshop locations, including operations and joint

Store. ventures in 19 countries, and a worldwide network of distributors and sales

offices covering more than 160 countries.

The Hardware Workshop Store was first

introduced in the 1990s with Atilano

Cobankiat’s mission to help Filipinos

rebuild their homes and establishment

Products showcased at Worldbex

with its world-class hardware and home

improvement products to the Filipino Click here to view all products


• LINK 42731


CBK Hardware expanded its distribution

channel with the establishment of Coby’s

Design Center in Edsa Shangri La in

1996. Offering a wide range of innovative

products to meet the trend in interior

design with its luxurious architectural


hardware can be found products in over 40 for countries. the modern In the

Filipino Philippines, homes. CBK Hardware is the authorized

distributor throughout the country.

With its devoted and innovative team of

professionals, EZSET has been a leader and

Products showcased at Worldbex

pioneer in mechanical locks and electronic

remote access solutions for over 60 years.

Click here to view all products

Spectrum Brands bought EZSET’s parent firm,

A Tong year Lung later, Metal, the in 2012. business Spectrum developed Brands, a further with the leadership of Johnny

publicly traded corporation (NYSE: SPB) and

• Ezset Knobset Entrance Devon Grade 3 Satin

Cobankiat, the son of Atilano Cobankiat. He brought ACE Hardware USA to the

one of the top 500 firms in the United States,

Stainless Steel

Philippines and consigned CBK Hardware as one of its direct suppliers.

offers its products in over 120 countries and

over 1 million retail locations globally.

• Ezset Leverset Entrance Hawthorn Grade 3 Satin

Since then, Co Ban Kiat Hardware Inc. consistently Nickel expanded its products by

partnering Tong Lung Metal with is more pleased global that their brands. EZSET The company is currently the authorized

dealer brand is and a part distributor of Spectrum of Brands’ a total of Hardware 72 renowned • Ezset brands Knobset of Entrance builders’ Bala hardware Grade 3 Satin and

home and Home improvement Improvement products team, in which the world. also Stainless Among Steel them are Lincoln Electric, Yale,

Ridgid, includes Pelican, industry heavyweights Nilfisk, Stanley, like Baldwin, 3M, Interdesign, Shop-Vac, Westinghouse, KEF,

Kwikset, Weiser, Pfister, National Hardware, • Ezset Knobset Entrance Bala Grade 3 Antique

Bosch, Gateman, and Master Lock.

and Fanal. Customers consider Tong Lung Brass

Metal a world leader in mechanical and

These electronic brands door are lock all hardware, being distributed door closers, across • Ezset the Deadbolt Philippines Single Cylinder to meet Zinc the Cylinder needs

of hinges, customers and door in terms accessories. of home Their and goods facility Hous improvement, Satin Stainless Steel D.I.Y projects, energy

conservation, security and safety, cleaning solutions, and others.

At present, CBK Hardware supplies more

than 3,500 corporations, 2,000 partners

in wholesale trade, and some 200 mallbased

modern retail stores offering home

improvement products such as ceiling

fans, drain cleaning machines, and

vacuum cleaners.

Moreover, the company has over 6,000

active SKUs, and a regular client network

• Ezset Combination Set 1c Dbolt Bala Knobset Satin Stainless Steel

of more than 1,500 industrial organizations,

1,600 • Ezset traditional Combination Set community 1 Cylinder Deadbolt hardware Bala Knobset Antique Brass

stores, and 584 home-building specialty

chain • Ezset stores Leverset scattered Entrance Queen in Luzon, Grade Visayas, 3 Antique Brass

and Mindanao.

Today, 5. Yale the emergence of different online selling Products platforms showcased paved at Worldbex the way for CBK

Hardware Inc., a 102-year-old company, to revolutionize the hardware market in

People around the world are actively

the safeguarding digital platform their homes, by strengthening families, personal its presence Click here on to Lazada view all products Lazmall, Shopee Mall,

Facebook, belongings, Instagram, and businesses and with Viber Yale, communities. the Also, they made their products and

brand which is synonymous with quality and • YLHYDM7116

services available with their online website- www.shop.cbkhardware.com with the

safety. This is why Yale is “the most popular • Yale Door Lock Digital Deadlatch Essential

same-day lock in the delivery world.” options in different apps like • Yale Grabmart, Door Lock Digital Pick A Roo and Metromart.

Even after 100 years, Co Ban Kiat Hardware • YLHYR222NR619

Inc. is more than just the “House of

Home Yale began Improvements,” as a mechanical by providing lock company global brands and innovative home solutions

180 years ago and has since driven the

which makes everything better to every Filipino.

growth of connected smart locks and home


In over 125 countries, Yale is the brand behind

locks of every style and function.

Yale, one of the oldest global brands, is the most

well-known and respected name in the door lock

industry, with millions of Yale locks in use across

the world.

Yale door locks are a simple and effective way to

secure your home. It is easy to install and use, and

it provides a high level of security.



Co Ban Kiat Hardware, Inc.

Ground Floor, Cobankiat Building II

231 Juan Luna St. Binondo Manila, Philippines.

Phone +632 8243-1931

Phone +632 8242-6925

Phone +632 8894-6561 & +638-272-931-981

Email info@cobankiat.com.ph;


Coby’s Design Center

Unit 467 level 4 Shangri-La Plaza

Edsa Corner Shaw Boulevard

Mandaluyong City, Philippines

Phone +632 86364895

CBK Online and Store

For over 100 years, Co Ban Kiat Hardware Inc. has been the most trusted distributor

of home improvement and hardware items in the Philippines.

#StayAtHome and conveniently shop and order online!

Visit us on the following sites and enjoy deals, discounts, and more!

Lazada Store:

Website: https://shop.cbkhardware.com/

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/cbkhardware/

Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/cbkhardware

Join our Fast-Growing Viber Community https://bit.ly/39Lngjg


About CBK Hardware

For over one hundred years, a family’s surname has become synonymous with the country’s

biggest hardware supply company. Co Ban Kiat Hardware Incorporated of the Cobankiat family

has a regular client network of more than 1,500 industrial organizations, 1,600 traditional

community hardware stores, and 584 home building specialty chains of stores across Luzon

Visayas and Mindanao. This ever-growing conglomerate traces its humble roots to Manila

Chinatown, as a pioneer enterprise started by the family’s patriarch, Mr. Cobankiat, in 1920.

Despite the ruins of World War II, they got back in the business in 1948, rebuilding a storefront

from the very same spot where it was known for three decades.

While the Filipinos continued to rebuild their lives post-war, CBK Hardware saw the opportunity

to introduce the retail concept once unheard of in the hardware industry. Cobankiat Hardware

brought the first DIY business in Asia. The Hardware Workshop Store is the fruit of this endeavor.

CBK Hardware further cemented its legendary distribution channel with the creation of Coby’

Design Center in Edsa Shangri La in 1996, a specialty store that caters to the discriminating taste

of modern Filipinos.

In 1997, Mr. Johnny Cobankiat, the 4th generation Cobankiat leader, set another milestone for

the company when he brought the franchise of Ace Hardware USA to the Philippines and signed

up CBK Hardware as one of its major suppliers. This further expanded into delivering quality

world-class products nearer to families of Filipino overseas workers in the countryside.

A century’s excellence can quickly pass and guided by the vision to be the largest network

supplier of the biggest global brands in the hardware industry, CBK Hardware resolves to source

the best products to supply its customers anytime and every time.



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the showroom is also a great place to check out all the products’ stylish designs to see how they match

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LG HVAC Virtual Experience is an open, engaging online resource that will give visi-tors a thorough

understanding of LG’s latest, optimized HVAC solutions for all kinds of spaces, helping them figure out

which products are best suited to their specific needs.

Visit LG Virtual HVAC Experience to discover the company’s latest indoor environ-mental comfort

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The LG Home Appliance & Air Solution Company is a global leader in home appliances, smart home

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Oil and gas extraction is a process of removing these materials from beneath the earth’s

surface. It can be done through different methods, including drilling, fracking, and tar

sands mining. The process has been around for over a century, but it has only become

more prevalent in recent decades as our dependency on fossil fuels has grown. There

are many pros and cons to this process, which we will explore in this article.





What Is Oil And Gas Extraction?

Oil and gas extraction refers to the process

of extracting these natural resources from the

ground. This can be done through various

means, such as drilling, fracking, or tar sands


Oil and gas extraction has been a controversial

topic in recent years, as there are many

environmental concerns associated with the

practice. Some worry that extracting these

fossil fuels will hasten climate change, while

others believe that using them is necessary for

our modern way of life.

Despite the controversy, oil and gas extraction

is likely to continue in many parts of the world.

As our population grows and the demand for

energy increases, we will need to find new

ways to extract these valuable resources from

the ground.

There are many different opinions on oil and

gas extraction, but one thing is certain: it is a

complex and important issue that affects us all.

Brief History Of The Oil And Gas

Extraction Industry

Oil and gas extraction has a long and

complicated history. The industry has been

shaped by geopolitical factors, technological

advances, and the ever-changing price of

these vital commodities.

The modern oil and gas industry began in

the 19th century with the drilling of the first

commercial wells in Pennsylvania and Ohio.

The industry then expanded to other parts of

the United States and then to Europe, Russia,

and the Middle East. The development of new

technologies like hydraulic fracturing (fracking)

has allowed companies to tap into previously

inaccessible reserves of oil and gas.

The oil and gas extraction industry is currently

facing challenges from renewable energy

sources like wind and solar power. These

sources are becoming increasingly competitive

as their costs continue to fall. In addition, public

concern about climate change is leading to

calls for greater regulation of the oil and gas


The Process Of Oil And Gas

Extraction: How Is It Done?

Oil and gas are two of the most important

natural resources in the world. They are used

to power our homes, businesses, and vehicles.

But how are they extracted from the ground?

The process of oil and gas extraction begins

with exploration. Companies use seismic

surveys and other methods to find areas where

there is a high likelihood of finding these natural

resources. Once a potential site is identified, a

well is drilled.

The drilling process can be quite complicated,

but essentially it involves using a drill bit to

create a hole in the ground that is several

miles deep. Once the hole is drilled, extraction

workers insert a pipe into it. This pipe is called

a casing.

The casing helps to support the well as it is

being drilled and also prevents contaminants

from entering the well.

Oil Sands Extraction And


Oil sands are a type of petroleum deposit

found in certain countries, including Canada.

The oil is mixed with sand and other materials.

Extracting and processing the oil from oil

sands is more expensive and energy-intensive

than traditional methods of drilling and refining

crude oil.

Despite the higher costs, oil companies are

increasingly looking to exploit oil sand deposits

as traditional sources of crude petroleum

become depleted. In Canada, the majority of

oil sands are located in the province of Alberta.

The process of extracting and processing oil

from oil sands typically involves strip mining

or drilling oil and gas operations to remove

the sand and bitumen from the ground. The

bitumen is then processed to produce synthetic

crude oil.

Extracting and processing oil from oil sands

is generally considered to have a significantly

higher environmental impact than traditional

methods of drilling for crude oil extraction.

Upstream: Oil And Gas Extraction

Oil and gas or hydrocarbon extraction is a

process of accessing and removing these

natural resources from the earth. There are










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many different methods of oil and gas extraction,

each with its own benefits and drawbacks. The

most common method of oil and gas extraction

is drilling, which can be done both onshore and

offshore. Other methods of oil and gas extraction

include fracking, mining, and tar sands mining.

The process of oil and gas extraction has a

significant impact on the environment. It can

cause air pollution, water pollution, noise

pollution, and habitat destruction. It can also lead

to climate change. The environmental impact of

oil and gas extraction varies depending on the

method used. Drilling is generally considered to

be the most harmful to the environment, while

fracking has a lower environmental impact but

is still controversial due to its potential for water


Coalbed Methane: Oil And Gas


Coalbed in oil and gas extraction is a type of

sedimentary rock that is found underground.

This rock is made up of organic material, such

as plant remains, that has been compressed

over time. The pressure from the overlying rock

creates methane gas, which can be extracted

through drilling.

Coalbed methane is a clean-burning fuel source

that has been used for centuries in Asia. In

recent years, it has become more popular in

the United States as a way to produce energy

without emitting greenhouse gases. Coalbed

methane drilling and extraction can have a

negative impact on the environment, however, if

not done carefully.

When coalbed methane is extracted from the

ground, water must also be pumped out of the

rock formations. This water can contain toxic

chemicals that can contaminate groundwater if

it is not properly treated.

The Process Of Fracking: Oil And

Gas Extraction

Fracking, or hydraulic fracturing, is a process

used to extract oil and gas from shale rock. It

involves drilling a hole in the rock and injecting

high-pressure fluid into it to fracture the rock and

release the oil and natural gas trapped in it.

The fluid used in fracking is typically water mixed

with sand and chemicals. The sand particles

act as proppants, keeping the fractures open so

that the oil and gas can flow out. The chemicals


help to reduce friction and prevent corrosion of

the equipment.

Fracking generally takes place at geological

depths of several thousand feet, where the

shale formations are located. The process can

be quite loud due to the high-pressure fluids

being injected into the rock.

Fracking has been used for decades to extract

oil and gas from shale formations. Still, it has

only become widely used in recent years as

technological advances have made it more


Pros And Cons Of Oil And Gas


Oil and gas extraction is a vital part of the

economy, providing energy and raw materials

for industry. However, it also has a number of

drawbacks, including environmental damage

and health risks.

One of the main advantages of oil and gas

extraction is that it provides jobs for millions

of people around the world. It is also a major

source of revenue for many countries, helping to

fund public services and infrastructure.

However, there are also significant disadvantages

to unconventional oil and gas extraction. One of

the most serious is the environmental damage

caused by drilling methods and fracking. This

can include water contamination, air pollution,

and seismic activity. Another major concern is

the health risks posed by exposure to chemicals

used in drilling and fracking. These can cause

cancer, respiratory problems, and birth defects.

The Advantages of Oil and Gas

Extraction: why do we do it?

Oil and gas extraction has been a controversial

topic in recent years. Some people argue that

the advantages of tight oil and gas extraction

outweigh the disadvantages, while others believe

that the disadvantages are more significant.

Here, we will explore both sides of the argument

to help you make your own decision.

The advantages of oil and gas extraction include

the following:

1. Oil and gas extraction can provide energy

security for a country.

2. It can create jobs and economic opportunities

for local communities.

3. It can generate revenue for governments,

which can be used to fund public services and

infrastructure projects.

4. It can help to reduce dependence on imported

energy sources.

5. It can provide access to energy resources

that would otherwise be inaccessible.

The Disadvantages Of Oil And Gas

Extraction: Risks And Dangers?

Oil and gas extraction comes with a number of

disadvantages that can have an impact on both

the environment and human health.

One of the biggest disadvantages is the pollution

that can be caused by oil and gas extraction.

This can include water pollution from chemicals

used in the extraction process; air pollution

from emissions released during drilling, and soil

contamination from spilled oil or gas.

Another downside is the potential for accidents

and spills. These can occur during both drilling

and transportation and can lead to environmental

damage as well as injuries or even deaths. They

can also cause financial losses for companies

and communities affected by them.

Finally, oil and gas extraction takes up a lot

of lands, which can be disruptive to local

ecosystems. It also requires large amounts of

water, which could put a strain on local water


The Equipment Used In Oil And

Gas Extraction

Oil and gas extraction typically uses a wide

range of equipment. This can include everything

from massive offshore oil drilling rigs to small

onshore pumps.

The type of equipment used in oil and gas

extraction depends on the size and scope of the

project. For example, large offshore drilling rigs

are used to extract oil and gas from beneath the

sea, while smaller onshore pumps are used to

extract oil and gas from onshore deposits.

The equipment used in oil and gas extraction

must be able to withstand harsh conditions,

such as high temperatures, high pressures,

and corrosive materials. This requires that the

equipment is made from durable materials, such

as stainless steel or titanium.

The Latest Technologies In Oil

And Gas Extraction

The oil and gas industry has seen a lot of changes

in the last few years. The biggest change has

been the introduction of new technologies that

have made extraction easier and more efficient.

Here are some of the latest technologies that are

being used in oil and gas extraction:

1. Hydraulic fracturing: This is a process that

involves injecting water and chemicals into rock


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formations to create fractures. This allows oil

and gas to be released from the rock so it can

be collected.

2. Horizontal drilling: This is a type of drilling that

is done horizontally rather than vertically. This

allows for more area to be covered and makes

it easier to reach reserves that are difficult to

access with traditional methods.

3. Advanced seismic imaging: Seismic imaging

is used to map out underground formations.

This helps to identify potential areas where oil

and gas may be located.

4. Seawater extraction: This is a process that

uses the pressure of seawater to extract oil and

gas from deposits deep below the ocean floor.

5. Coalbed methane: This involves collecting

natural gas that has been trapped in coal beds.

Safety In Oil And Gas Extraction

Safety is a top priority in the oil and gas

extraction industry. Operators are constantly

working to identify and mitigate risks and

hazards throughout the life cycle of a project,

from exploration and production development to

gas and oil production and decommissioning.

Recent advances in occupational safety and

health, technology, and safety management

systems have helped to improve safety in

the industry, but there is always room for

improvement. Operators need to continue to

invest in safety initiatives and training programs

to ensure that workers are safe on the job.

The oil and gas extraction industry has made

great strides in improving safety over the years,

but there is always more that can be done.

Operators need to focus on identifying and

mitigating risks at every stage of a project, from

exploration through decommissioning.

The Future Of Oil And Gas


The future of oil and gas extraction is shrouded

in uncertainty. The world is moving away from

fossil fuels, but it is unclear how quickly this

transition will occur. Oil and gas companies

are facing increasing pressure to reduce their

environmental impact. In the future, it is likely

that oil and gas extraction will become more

expensive and difficult as companies are

forced to operate in more remote and hostile


The oil and gas industry is in a state of transition.

The world is moving away from fossil fuels, but

it is unclear how quickly this transition will occur.

Oil and gas companies are facing increasing

pressure to reduce their environmental impact.

In the future, it is likely that oil and gas extraction

will become more expensive and difficult as

companies are forced to operate in more remote

and hostile environments.

It is difficult to predict the future of oil and gas


Workers’ Occupation And

Engineers Behind Oil And Gas


In the United States, oil and gas extraction is

a multibillion-dollar industry that employs

thousands of workers. The people who work in

the oil and gas field are dedicated to providing

the energy that powers our economy.

The workers in the oil and gas extraction

industry come from all walks of life. They are

skilled laborers, engineers, and scientists. They

work in offices, on rigs, and in laboratories. They

are united by their commitment to providing the

energy that fuels our nation.

The oil and gas extraction industry are essential

to the American economy. It provides jobs for

American workers and generates billions of

dollars in revenue. The people who work in this

industry are essential to keeping our economy


The oil and gas industry is a complex one, with

many different players involved in the extraction,

production of natural gas, and distribution of

these fossil fuels. From the workers in the fields

to the executives in the boardroom, there are

many people who play a role in this important


The workers who extract oil and natural gas from

the ground are the backbone of the industry.

These men and women work long hours in

sometimes difficult conditions to get these vital

resources out of the earth. Without their hard

work, the oil and gas industry would not be able

to function.

The executives who run the companies that

make up the oil and natural gas industry are

also key players. They make decisions that

affect not only their own businesses but also the

entire industry. These leaders must always be

thinking about how to improve efficiency and

increase profits while also ensuring safety and

environmental responsibility.

Oil And Gas Extraction Projection

In the United States, producing oil and natural

gas extraction are projected to grow significantly

in the next decade. The number of rigs drilling

for oil and gas is expected to increase from

about 1,900 in 2020 to nearly 2,700 in 2025. The

total number of oil wells drilled is projected to

increase from about 27,000 in 2020 to nearly

38,000 in 2025.

The growth in oil and gas extraction is being

driven by a combination of factors. First, the

price of crude petroleum and natural gas

has risen sharply in recent years, making it

more profitable for companies to extract these

resources. Second, advances in technology

have made it possible to extract oil and gas

from previously inaccessible areas. Third, the

Trump administration has taken steps to reduce

regulations on the oil and natural gas industry.

The growth in oil and gas extraction is likely to

have a number of impacts on the economy and


According to the United States Geological

Survey, the world’s oil and gas resources are

rapidly being depleted. In 2010, the world

consumed an estimated 87 million barrels of oil

per day. By 2025, that number is expected to rise

to 98 million barrels per day. The majority of this

increase will come from developing countries,

where demand is projected to grow by nearly


As oil and gas resources become increasingly

scarce, the cost of extraction will continue to

rise. In order to meet future demand, companies

will need to invest heavily in new technology and

infrastructure. The global oil and gas industry

is expected to invest trillions of dollars in the

coming years.

Despite the challenges, the prospects for

the oil and gas industry remain strong. Rising

demand and high prices will continue to attract

investment and drive innovation.

Takeaway: Oil And Gas Extraction


In conclusion, oil and gas extraction can be

a complicated process, but it is essential to

our everyday lives. We must be mindful of the

environmental impact of this industry and work

to reduce its footprint. With proper regulation

and a commitment to sustainability, we can

continue to extract the fossil fuels we need while

protecting our planet.

Oil and gas extraction can be done safely and

efficiently by following the proper procedures.

With the right precautions in place, oil and gas

extraction can be a boon to the economy and



Applying The Engineer’s

Mindset To Running A


There are many great things that can come from applying an engineer’s mindset to

something, and of course this is something that a keen engineer already knows - as

does an engineering student. But when it comes to running a business, this too is

something that can improve a great deal with this kind of approach, so that is something

that you might want to bear in mind. In this post, we are going to look in detail at what applying

the engineer’s mindset to running a business can achieve, and how it can be done effectively

and powerfully.

Everything In Its Place

One of the primary things that we can learn from an engineer’s approach is that everything has

its proper place, and that when it is in that place, the entire structural system improves and

can work as effectively as possible. To ensure that this is happening, a business leader should

figure out the exact position of all the relevant parts of the business - which includes individuals

and so on too - to ensure that everything is where it should be. Only then can the business be

expected to work as perfectly as one would hope, so it’s vital to look into this.


Outside Help Where Necessary

No system is ever completely perfect as it

is, which is why there is very often a need for

outside help to come and give a hand too. This

can be seen in so many ways, from the way

that there is often a requirement for outsourced

staff for accounting firms and so on to the way

in which contractors often need to come in to

give a helping hand. There is nothing wrong with

this, and in fact it can be a really important part

of ensuring that a business is working as fluently

as possible, so that is something to think about


The Never-ending Quest For


Your average engineer firmly believes that things

can always work better. This is a very hopeful

and positive way of looking at things, and yet

it is not something that all business leaders

automatically do in their own thinking. As such,

it is definitely worth thinking about this the next

time you are looking at how you run a business,

as it could be worth trying to take this on board.

The quest for improvement means that you are

always seeking innovation in how you do things,

and that is one of those things that can really

make a huge difference.


Finally, an engineer understands intuitively and

deeply the importance of something having

good leadership. If there is not a good leader in

a business, then it means that nothing is going

to work quite as it should, so this is something

that should always be considered deeply as

well. Good leadership is all about ensuring that

everything’s made to work how an engineer

would want it working: in order, in the right

manner, and without waste. If that is achieved,

all is well.


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Choosing the Right

Maintenance Group for

Your Property

If you are an owner of a municipal or commercial property, there are many things

to consider when choosing the right maintenance group to handle the major and

minor projects on the horizon. When you find a comprehensive service group

that can handle any scale of project, you will be able to knock out products

with promptness and ease. In this article, we will share things to consider when

choosing a trustworthy maintenance group for your space.

What Should I Look for When Choosing a Maintenance Group?

Every property is different, and so is its maintenance cycle. When considering a

new group to manage your territory, there are four primary factors that should stay

top of mind.

The first thing to keep in mind is level of experience. Does the manager have

enough experience to handle your property’s needs? In addition, have they

worked in territories that are similar to yours? If they have experience handling

small residential projects, they are likely not prepared to take on a commercial or

municipal project. If they typically work in landscape, they are likely not equipped

to work in construction. By dissecting the experience, you can determine who is

the right manager for you.


The second factor to consider is project knowledge. Does this individual and their

team know how to fully implement projects from start to finish? Are they able to quickly

understand the nuances of the project that you are describing? Try asking questions

to the property group to see what ideas they can bring to the table based on their

knowledge and experience. There are many trustworthy property maintenance

groups that are able to execute projects successfully from start to finish.

Another thing to look at when choosing a group to work with is their available reporting

and communications techniques. Do their typical reporting processes contain all

of the information you are looking for? Can you get reports by email, or is it a situation

that requires you to have meetings with the manager. This is not something that

should be pushed off. You want to have the ability to access the property data when

you need to. In addition, there must be a process in place so that you can ensure that

things are staying on task as they should be.

Lastly, you must carefully consider cost. Will their services fit into your allocated

budget? There are some well-known maintenance groups that cost a fortune. There

are smaller groups that are more experienced while also being more affordable to

employ. Make sure to get multiple quotes to determine which group can accommodate

your needs.


Choosing the right property maintenance group is a process, and there are many

factors to consider. Make sure you get all of your proposals and sit down with each

property manager to determine which one can handle your needs from start to

finish. In addition, it is important that there is an open line of communication between

you and the manager. By considering the three key elements - experience, project

knowledge, and cost - you will be able to choose the right person for the job.


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4 Requirements to Keep in

Mind for All Engineering

Products this Year

The engineering world is constantly changing. If you are operating in this

industry, it is critical that you do understand the latest trends. This will

help ensure that your projects do match the requirements of modern

clients. Here are some of the key trends that you should keep in mind

when you begin work on your next engineering project.


First, it’s important to ensure that any engineering product reaches the right

standards of sustainability. This is crucial because it’s a key requirement for

clients these days. They want to ensure that any properties that they invest in or

develop are built for the future. Do be aware that projects which are sustainable

are also more likely to rise in value over the next few years. There are lots of steps


that you can take to incorporate sustainability into an engineering project. For

instance, you might want to think about utilizing high quality timber products

that are produced and processed with sustainability firmly in mind.


Next, it’s critical that engineering projects are designed to be robust. They must

be built to withstand the elements and stand against significant pressure from

storm weather. Research suggests that the climate will change rapidly over the

next decade. It is likely that issues such as tropical storms, earthquakes and

tornadoes will become more common. Engineers need to focus on ensuring that

any future buildings are going to last in the wake of this type of pressure. This

must be a requirement, even if it does increase the overall cost of the project.

Green Focused

As well as ensuring that engineering projects are sustainable, you should also

think about ensuring that your projects are designed to be green focused. Of

course, these two things can be one in the same. But there are options now

to ensure that green living is seamlessly integrated into modern engineering

projects. An example would certainly be solar panels. In the past, solar panels

were a rare occurrence on private buildings. Today, it’s quite common for new

builds to be created with solar panels as a standard. Engineers and contractors

should expect trends like this to only become more significant in the future.


Finally, it is of the utmost importance that any engineering project does reach

the right standards of safety. Failing to meet the necessary safety standards

will certainly leave companies open to significiant lawsuits that could bring

tremendous amounts of damages. If you are concerned about this, then we

recommend that you think about appointing a health and safety officer to ensure

that any processes surrounding a project do meet the right requirements. You

could also consider hiring a legal advisor to ensure that there are no significant

issues that have remained unnoticed.

It’s clear then that there are challenges on the horizon in the engineering industry.

Some of these will become more significant over the next few years. However,

by taking the right steps, you can guarantee that your projects do match the

requirements of modern clients on the market today.




Urethane vs Plastic: Material

of Strength

As finite resources become more expensive, manufacturers are looking for ways

to improve their products with reusable materials. This begs the question about

whether manufacturers should look to urethane or plastic for their products. Plastics

are made of carbon and hydrogen molecules, while urethane is a bit more complex.

Urethanes are often referred to as plastics, but they are not.

How Plastics and Urethanes Differ

Stated by a urethane manufacturer, plastics include commonly used materials like

polyethylene, nylon, and PVC. Meanwhile, urethanes use a flexible polymer molecule that

makes the material an elastomer. This is why plastics must be injection molded, and urethane

can be cast molded or reaction injection molded. Because of their chemical makeup, plastics

will break when pushed beyond their limitations. But, urethanes usually return to their cast or

injected forms.


Durability and Flexibility

Urethane is a more durable and flexible product than any plastic. While plastics do last a long

time, products made of plastic will wear out before a urethane product does. They are also

more likely to break, abrade, or deteriorate before urethanes will.

One of the most unique aspects of urethane is the material’s elastomeric ability. This means

that urethanes can be stretched or extended significantly. And when released, they will return

to their present size. Plastics cannot do this. In fact, if you attempt to stretch or extend a plastic

piece, it will remain stretched, or it will break.

Abrasion Resistance

Another impressive quality of urethane is the material’s resistance to abrasion. Urethane wheels

and rollers will last significantly longer than the same parts made of plastic. Manufacturers

who use urethane parts in their machines are satisfied with the lifespan of the urethane parts

because they do not break down when friction breaks down other materials.

Cost Similarities

Making parts from plastic or urethane have relatively similar costs. But, what cost less is making

the casts for urethane products. Most of the casts are made out of silicon, which is inexpensive.

However, plastic injection molding is not expensive, but the parts made this way do not last as

long as urethane ones do. So, in the long run, urethane parts are more cost-effective simply

because they have a longer lifespan than their plastic counterparts.

Load Bearing

Urethanes have incredible load-bearing performances. Plastics tend to break when they are

pushed to their limits, but urethanes often surprise engineers with home much they can tolerate.

Their elastomer quality gives them better shock absorption when impacts reach higher levels.

Temperature and Friction

When urethane is put under the stress of heat and friction, it continues to perform. Of course,

like all products, there are temperature limits. One of those is the low-temperature threshold,

and urethanes will continue to respond in temperatures that reach -60°F and more.

Sound and Noise

Urethanes are frequently used to dampen noise. For example, polyurethane foam is often

injected into car doors to reduce road noise. While plastic isn’t necessarily a noisy material,

urethanes are generally quiet because they absorb noise. Plastic can be noisy, especially

crinkly bags and rigid toys made from the material.



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A Hypercar Beyond

Hypercars: Project Chaos

And The Visionary Engineer

At The Helm

The first hypercar to be made in Greece has been unveiled. Spyros Panopoulos

is preparing to launch Project Chaos, a car so powerful that he claims it goes a

step beyond the hypercar: this, he says, is an ‘ultracar’. Supercars, hypercars,

megacars and ultracars are all impressive feats of engineering that help shape the

future, but what’s special about Panopoulos’ vision, and why is Project Chaos different.

Introducing Project Chaos

Project Chaos will be available in two versions. Both models have a 4 liter V10 engine

made up of 40 valves and 20 injectors, and heavily featuring titanium in their design.

The first variant will contain two 68mm carbon turbos reaching 2000 hp and a limit of

11.000 rpm. The second will be paired with two 78mm carbon turbos, which will reach a

staggering 3000 hp and have a limit of 12.000 rpm. The connecting rods and pistons in


the first variant will be made from titanium; in

the second variant, these components will be

carbon fiber. This version is expected to reach

a speed of 500+ kmh, placing it in competition

with the leading models for speed.

Perhaps what’s most surprising about Project

Chaos, however, is that Panopoulos intends it

to be not a racing car, but an everyday city

car. “We want it to be suitable for the everyday

commute and for all categories of drivers,” he

said. This is potentially a game-changer for the

auto industry, and customers could see cars

like this on professional industry analysis

pages and review sites when searching for

everyday vehicles in the future.

A Visionary Engineer

Spyros Panopoulos has an impressive back

catalog, holding records in dragster racing

with his own custom-built cars. He has built

a 2000 hp Lamborghini and, most recently,

completely rebuilt an EVO entirely on his own.

The initial vision behind Project Chaos was to

create a car for himself — he had no intention

of marketing a hypercar. His view that the

term ‘hypercar’ is widely misunderstood and

his belief that current hypercars are lacking,

however, led him to build a car that would show

the world the true potential of the hypercar.

A Dedicated Team

Project Chaos is entirely built by nine engineers,

using parts custom-made in house. The

majority of auto manufacturers use parts from

other companies, but Panopoulos’ company,

Spyros Panopoulos Automotive, prides itself

on its engineering capabilities. Every part, from

the exhaust to the turbos is made in-house.

The entire Spyros Panopoulos Automotive

team is currently just 22 people strong, with

nine engineers entirely dedicated to Project

Chaos. However, once production of the car

begins, it is expected that the company will

expand significantly.

A number of extreme hypercars have been

unveiled in recent years, but Project Chaos

stands out from the crowd. Not only is it

a spectacular feat of engineering, but it

represents a respect for craftsmanship and

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Training Engineering Interns

to Be Productive Members of

Your Company

Internships have long been seen as a way for companies to get cheap labor. Unfortunately,

this abuse of the system has been called out many times and it’s starting to scare away new

recruits that have a lot of potential. Engineering and manufacturing firms of all sizes need to

look for ways to establish a healthy company culture and a team that meshes well together,

and the best way to achieve this level of cooperation is to introduce engineering interns to your

team and have them learn as they meld with the team.

So here are a couple of tips on how to train an engineering intern to be productive member of

your company from the very first day.

Develop a strong internship program

A strong internship program will help attract talented individuals from across the country.

From offering accommodation such as dorms to giving them employee-like benefits, a strong

internship program is a must if you want to attract the best of the best.


Transparency is important to gain their trust

During the internship, it’s vital that you remain as transparent as possible to help establish a

sense of trust between you and your engineering interns. You shouldn’t hide things from them

and you should be clear about their position in your workplace and the opportunities that you

can offer them. Hiding anything will remove any sense of trust and will be problematic in the


Invest in their skills and education if they show promise

Investing in your employees is a must for any productive business, but you should also

consider investing in interns that show promise. Online universities such as KUO offer fantastic

technical degrees that can help teach your employees practical skills. Investing in these types

of courses improves the technical skill of your engineering interns while also solidifying their

loyalty to your brand.

Don’t hesitate to give them homework

Homework can sound a little demeaning, but for an engineering or manufacturing-focused

business, it’s important to give interns “homework” to help them understand your workflow and

processes so they can easily integrate with your team.

Understand their skills and what they bring to the table

Engineering interns can come from a variety of different backgrounds and it’s your responsibility

as an employer to understand what they excel at. By understanding their history, you can

assign them a role that best suits their experience, but can also help them grow their skills to

become a productive member of your team.

Focus on both cultural immersion and their technical skills

At the end of the day, skills can be taught to an intern which makes them more valuable to a

company. However, their personality and attitude are two things which cannot easily be altered.

That’s why it’s important to hold on to the engineering interns that you feel can contribute to

your company and teach them skills later on. However, you should also be looking at their

potential and ability to learn new things at an accelerated pace. The perfect intern should

show promise in both fields, not just one.



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The Main Principles To

Adhere To When Moving


If you have made a decision to start a new life elsewhere, your mind may be

spiralling out of control with all the regulations and rules that may come with

finding a new life. Moving to another country often takes thorough checks and

immigration papers. You may want to consider an indefinite leave to remain

application or whatever suits your current situation; again there are always

people who can assist you. Here are some principles that you should adhere to

in order to make your transition a much smoother one.

About a month or two in advance, preparations for the transition

should begin. These preparations include:

Health, life and travel insurance: One of the considerations that arises in

any transition is the issue of health. Medical insurance is different from travel

insurance, it contains extensive and comprehensive coverage in routine and

emergencies. The health services used abroad are usually different from the

public health system used in your own country. The difference is reflected in

the perception of the service, the costs of medical treatments, their availability

and the need to receive service from providers who speak a foreign language

(if needed). They may have different mentalities and priorities than the country

you now live in.


Medical examinations and vaccines: There are some countries that require

vaccinations to enter. Of course currently there are no laws that state a Covid-19

vaccine is needed, but vaccinations such as yellow fever and typhoid may occur

in certain countries. The decision is made on the basis of the passenger’s immune

status, destination country, travel conditions and length of stay. It is advisable to

contact a travelers’ clinic as soon as possible at least 6 weeks before the trip. It is

also recommended to perform a comprehensive medical examination before the trip

for the whole family and to keep the test sheet handy.

Passports and residence visas: Make sure that the passports of all family members

are valid and are not likely to run out within the first year abroad. It is worthwhile to

evaluate the renewal of passports whose expiration date is close in order to avoid

running around in the destination country, certainly during the initial adjustment period.

It is also recommended to leave the country when you have legal residence visas for

the whole family - it is not enough to settle for a tourist visa. It is also recommended

to check the location of the renewal of passports and visas in advance and to verify

the existence of all the required documents in advance.

Bank account in the destination country: It is likely that you will be able to open

a bank account upon arrival in the destination country, but you must still have full

access to your money. It is recommended to check this first to ensure you do not

encounter any issues.

Moving abroad can be stressful but if you ensure that you are prepared, then things

should be much smoother running and you can learn to enjoy the change much

quicker, with less fuss.




Maintenance Tips To Enhance

Productivity For Your

Manufacturing Business


Regardless of how big or small your manufacturing business is, you

probably already know that even one day of plant unavailability due to

machinery breakdowns can be a massive cost loss. What’s more, you

may even lose substantial sales as customers are likely to go elsewhere,

and they may not return. So, to ensure your business is never down, we have

listed a few essential maintenance tips that will keep your machinery operating

while also boosting overall productivity.

Replace Components With Higher Quality Materials

Regardless of the specific type of machinery, all machinery is built from various

components; you can replace some parts to enhance overall quality and durability.

Therefore, you could consider switching to round carbon fiber tubing in place of

steel as steel is heavier and might weigh down machines, slowing them down

and causing more wear and tear. However, before pulling machinery apart, it

is best to have a professional service evaluate the best approach to upgrading

your machinery to enhance performance and productivity.

Schedule Ongoing Maintenance

Instead of waiting for your machinery to break down and hoping that it doesn’t,

you should create a scheduled maintenance plan. Ongoing maintenance is the

best method of avoiding a breakdown

as a maintenance team will be able to

identify issues that you and your workers

would not be able to. You should also

consider the recommended timeline

for maintenance when creating your

schedule. When creating a maintenance

schedule, you should also be sure to opt

for a reliable maintenance service with an

excellent service rating.

Clean And Lubricate All Equipment


The vast majority of heavy machinery

should be cleaned and appropriately

lubricated daily. All the moving parts will

need proper lubrication to work as they

should, so your team of workers should

know that cleaning and lubrication is a

big part of the everyday work schedule.

It is also wise to also invest in quality

lubrication, as quality lubricants will

prevent damage to your machines. Some

machinery requires specific lubricants,

so be sure that you are always using the

right products to keep your machines in

pristine condition.

Maintain Workplace Cleanliness

And Organization

Manufacturing is an industry often noted

as a high-risk work environment due

to the specifics of the workplace. While

maintaining a clean and organized

workplace will reduce injuries and

enhance your health and safety rating,

the effort will also ensure your machinery

is less likely to break down. Because a

messy workplace means that debris and

contagions could become issues for

your machinery, keeping things clean

and organized will protect both your

employees and your machinery while

also enhancing overall productivity.

Workplace layout is also important

for cleanliness, organization, and


Preventative and proactive maintenance

measures are the best way to avoid

unplanned downtime that can significantly

cost your business sales and profits.

What’s more, manufacturing machinery

and most heavy-duty machinery is not

exactly the most affordable types of

machines out there. Keeping up with

preventative and proactive maintenance

should be a priority as it will also help you

avoid the costly issue of replacing your

machines if they are damaged beyond





The Benefits of Having

a STEM Tutor Blog

Top-notch bloggers are earning their living by writing on different niches

such as buying guides, health and fitness, gadgets and tech, and whatnot.

Likewise, your passion for teaching can further help you and the students

as well by initiating a tutor blog. Nowadays every single piece of information

is being accessed at the fingertips so why not bridge the gap between tutors and

students in the digital world? Whether you’re a tutor in Melbourne, California,

London, or any part of the world, your very own tutor blog can help you reach a

broader audience.

Thus, the following advantages of blogging in science, engineering, technology

and maths can help clear up your confusion:

Reach an International Audience

Let’s shed a light on the point we just mentioned above, starting up your tutor

blog can help you reach a broader and international audience. You can spread


your knowledge around the globe and have fun simultaneously. Interacting

with students of different nationalities will give you exposure to their culture,

customs, and values. You can also earn in the international currency which will

benefit you even more if they have a stable economy.

Be the Owner of Your Content

Be it Chemistry, Maths, Physics, and so on, I have seen a plethora of content

of teachers taking a nice journey around the social media platforms without

acknowledging the rights to its owners. You simply lose ownership and control

of your content this way.

Having a tutor blog gives you your personal space where you are the owner,

and you can post however you like. Such kind of platform also allows you to

keep an eye on the analytics such as which of your content performed well in

comparison to the others. This helps you to improve your writing, content and

keep you motivated as well.

Market Your Services and Skills

By using the right and relevant keywords, you can market your services.

Providing valuable and easy-to-read information to the students on different

subjects is also going to give a perspective to them on your teaching methods

and content. Everyone’s first step to their problem is to Google it, especially the

students, and if your tutor blog ranks on Google or any other search engine,

you have the chance to be recognized in the marketplace.

Also, ensure to keep your readers engaged, so they don’t drift away. Use a

simple yet engaging writing style to keep them interested and before posting

the final draft, look out if there’s any room for improvement.

Get Instant and Unfiltered Feedback

Blogging is such a platform that allows different readers to post their comments

to let the writer know about their thoughts. Most blogs also let you post

comments anonymously if a regular reader is too shy to get in the spotlight.

Overall, this allows your readers to give instant and straightforward feedback

on your content quality and writing skills and some of them even ask you to

create content of their choice.

This can also help you to tailor your content according to the needs and

preference of your readers, so they know you care about them, and they can

become your regular students.




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Tel: 306-634-5504


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