teqstis mxatvruli analizisTvis

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teqstis mxatvruli analizisTvis

qarTuli ena da literaturaXII klasimoswavlis wigniavtorebi:redaqtoriTaia cxadaia, darejan kvanWiani, nana kucia,Tamar RonRaZe, nana RonRaZenino ToduadizaineridaviT kutubiZeISBNgamomcemloba `meridiani~,Tbilisi, al. yazbegis gamz., #47. ( 2 30-96-14; 2 14-77-11599 541 707 kaxaber rusiZeE-mail: davideku1@mail.ru, info@meridianpub.com© gamomcemloba `meridiani~, 2012© T. cxadaia, d. kvanWiani, n. kucia, T. RonRaZe, n. RonRaZeT. Tskhadaia, D. Kvanchiani, N. Kutsia, T. Ghonghadze, N. Ghonghadze„Georgian language and literature~, textbook grade 12, in Georgian„Meridiani~ Publishing, Tbilisi _ 2012


sarCevidaviT kldiaSvilisamaniSvilis dedinacvali.............................................................................................9riunoske akutagavarasiomonis karibWe ...........................................................................................................30servantesidon kixoti..............................................................................................................................36mixeil javaxiSvilijayos xiznebi.........................................................................................................................49riunoske akutagavaxina Tojinebi........................................................................................................................85uiliam Seqspirisoneti 66..................................................................................................................................94polikarpe kakabaZeyvaryvare TuTaberi...........................................................................................................96niko lorTqifaniZeSelocva radioTi................................................................................................................127Sarl bodleriTroba.........................................................................................................................................167eduard heiliusamSoblo kaci....................................................................................................................169galaktion tabiZeTovli........................................................................................................................................194hiugoZen daideZiniiaponuri poeziidan...........................................................................................................198galaktion tabiZemTawmindis mTvare...............................................................................................................198stefan malarmegedi.............................................................................................................................................203mSobliuri efemera............................................................................................................204galaktion tabiZeSerigeba....................................................................................................................................207horaciusipoeturi xelovneba............................................................................................................209galaktion tabiZeme da Rame..................................................................................................................................211silaJvarde anu vardi silaSi.......................................................................................214qebaTa qeba nikorwmindas.................................................................................................217tomas sternz eliotklde...........................................................................................................................................220konstantine gamsaxurdiadidostatis konstantines marjvena.........................................................................225nugzar SataiZesveticxoveli........................................................................................................................250manana CitiSvilisaRamo jvris monasterTan............................................................................................250givi gegeWkoriistoriuli saxelebiT Troba.......................................................................................251tician tabiZeleqsi mewyeri.........................................................................................................................2574


pirobiTi niSnebi:wigniT muSaobisas yuradReba miaqcieT Semdeg pirobiT niSnebs:gavigoT, gaviazroT, SevafasoT:am pirobiTi niSnebiT aRniSnulia sxvadasxva tipis kiTxvebi, romlebic dalagebuliaTanmimdevrobiT da dagexmarebaT wakiTxuli teqstis gaanalizebaSi.teqstis mxatvruli analizisTvis:werisa da metyvelebis kultura:Tvalsazrisiam rubrikiT moswavleebi gaecnobian amonaridebs cnobili kritikosebisnaazrevidan.davalebagulisxmobs enobrivi xasiaTis savarjiSoebs.es sainteresoa:am rubrikaSi gaecnobiT Seswavlil masalasTan dakavSirebul damatebiTinformacias.es simbolo moswavleebs mianiSnebs, damoukideblad Seadginon(SeTxzan) miTiTebuli teqsti.am simboloTi aRniSnulia `sadiskusio klubi~, romlismizania, moswavleTa mier sakuTari mosazrebebis gamoTqma daargumentireba.6


daviT kldiaSvili (1864 _ 1931)`siTbo, siyvaruli Tan axlda Cems literaturul Sromas.arasodes dahklebia igi da amitom Cem mier ganvlili literaturuligza bednier gzad mimaCnia~.daviT kldiaSvili`daviT kldiaSvilis moTxrobebis moyola ar SeiZlebaiseve, rogorc yvela namdvili mwerlis moTxrobisa. jer bolomdear gangvicdia misi Semoqmedebis qveteqstis poezia~.Tamaz WilaZe`TiTqos TviTon istoria wers kldiaSvilis xeliT~...tician tabiZe`garemoeba aRviZebs rogorc cuds, ise kargs mxares adamianis bunebisas. usargebloaadamianis ise sinjva, TiTqos igi iyos damTavrebuli tipi~, _ werdadaviT kldiaSvili.nawarmoebebi, ZiriTadad, me-19 saukunis 90-ian wlebSi Seqmna mweralma, magrames avtori iTvleba meoce aswleulis qarTuli mwerlobis erT-erT mesaZirkvled.misi Semoqmedebis umTavresi Tema igivea, rac Tema servantesis,dikensis, gogolis, buninisa _ `b e d i w a r m a v a l T a~.Temas ganavrcobs sulieri memkvidre daviT kldiaSvilisa _ niko lorTqifaniZe.Txrobis kldiaSviliseul stils `cremlnarev sicilad~ gansazRvraven.kita abaSiZe wers: `daviT kldiaSvili poetia, soflis dacarielebis sevdiTaRmweri, qalaqis gabatonebis sevdiT aRmniSnavi~.daviT kldiaSvili werda avtobiografiis SesavalSi: `naSroms vuZRvni maTxsovnas, vinc guli siyvaruliT gamiTbo, maswavla adamianTa pativiscema dandoba. mokle monagonebSi araferi Seferadebuli ar iqneba, mxolod s i n a m d -v i l e , sinamdvile, romelsac ganuxrelad vemsaxurebodi mTeli Cemi mwerlobisganmavlobaSi~.kldiaSvilma avtobiografias `Cemi cxovrebis gzaze~ uwoda. Txzuleba aramxolod Tavad mwerlis cxovrebas aRwers, aramed _ saqarTvelos yofas XIX_XXs.s. mijnasa da meoce aswleulis pirvel wlebSi.kldiaSvilTa winaprebi _ mesxeTis mkvidri SalikaSvilebi _ meomrebi dadiplomatebi yofilan.daviTi daibada 1864 wlis 29 agvistos (11 seqtembers).deda _ kesaria _ SeZlebuli xomuleli (wyaltubos r-ni) aznauris, nikoRoRoberiZis erTaderTi asuli iyo. papas Zalze hyvarebia SviliSvili. ruseTSiganaTlebamiRebuls alersiT dascinoda, rusoo.mama _ samsoni _ Terjolis raionis sofel simoneTis mkvidri, Raribi aznaurismemkvidre, adre daoblebuli, aRuzrdia mezobels, uSvilo daTika giorgaZes,romelsac bavSvisaTvis namdvili mamoba gauwevia.samsons orklasiani saswavlebeli daumTavrebia quTaisSi, samazro sammarTveloSigadamwerad dauwyia muSaoba, ulamazesi xelrTva (kaligrafia) hqonia.7


mamobilma aCuqa samsons samosaxlo miwa, sayane, saqoneli, augo saxli. samsoniquTaisSi msaxurobda, mis ojaxs ki simoneTSi daTika giorgaZe uvlida.mogvianebiT daviT kldiaSvilma daTika `soflis mSvenebad~ monaTla.sofelSi yvelas uyvarda saTno kesaria, deda daviTisa. es siyvaruli bavSvzecgadaitanes Tanasoflelebma.wera-kiTxva yrmas dedisagan uswavlia, rusulSi quTaisSi, `lekar~ (rus.eqimi)ivanovis ojaxSi gawafula.patara daviTi swavlobda mrevlovis mosamzadebel saswavlebelSi. saRv-To sjulis umkacresi maswavlebeli, zebedovi, moswavleebs saxazaviT scemda(araferi Secvliliyo akakis gimnazistobis Jamidan).`yovel wlobiT mTavrobas mihyavda Tbilisisa da quTaisis guberniebidanTavad-aznaurTa 40-40 bavSvi samxedro saswavlebelSi, im mizniT, rom gaerusebinaTda kidevac mizans aRwevda xolme, radgan ruseTSi samSoblos mowyvetilibavSvi iviwyebda qarTul enas, znes. dabrundeboda qarTuli gvariT, magram er-Tianad, Tavidan fexebamde garusebuli. Tavadaznauroba didi xalisiT aZlevdabavSvebs mTavrobas, radgan is zrdida Tavis xarjze~.daviTi, sxva moswavleebTan erTad, gemiT CauyvaniaT odesaSi, iqidan _ kievs,ganuwesebiaT miliutinis samxedro gimnaziaSi. gansakuTrebuli siyvaruliT igonebsmwerali maswavlebel esikorskis, romelsac qarTveli bavSvebi Sin mihyavda,mSoblebis siTbos iqnebian danatrulnio. sZulda pedagogi kurbatovi,romelic qarTvelebs, uZveles qristianebs, `tatarCukebs~ eZaxda.1875 w. ardadegebze soflad Camosuli TerTmeti wlis daviTi qarTuladveRar saubrobda. mezobels uxumria, dasamunjeblad raRa ruseTs agzavnidiT,aqve dagemwyvdiaT oTaxSio. ucxoeTs mimavals akaki gaxumrebia, garusebis`dasaTaveblad~ midixaro. kievs dabrunebuls qarTuli wignebis kiTxviT moubrunebiasuli...1880 w. kievis gimnaziis damTavrebis Semdeg, swavla ganagrZo moskovissamxedro saswavlebelSi, kvlav saxelmwifo xarjze, radgan gimnazia `pirvelixarisxiT~ hqonda damTavrebuli.problemebi Seeqmna xelmZRvanelobasTan, radgan generali samoxvalovi veritanda kievis saswavleblis kursdamTavrebulebs. moskovis akademia 1882w.daamTavra daviT kldiaSvilma, baTumSi gaanawiles. samsaxuri podporuCikisCiniT daiwyo.imxanad aWaraSi aRmSenebloba mimdinareobda: igeboda rotSildis navTisqarxnis Senobebi, gahyavdaT Tbilisi-baTumis rkinigza, Sendeboda Caisa damandarinis plantaciebi... magram es yvelaferi `xdeboda mkvidri mosaxleobisuflebebis SelaxviT... imperiis mizani iyo sanapiro zolis rusebiT dasaxleba.oci versis manZilze, maxinjauridan qobuleTamdis gaSenebul agarakTa SoriserTaderTi ekuTvnoda qarTvels.daviTi xSirad stumrobda qalaqis policmaisteris, durmiSxan Jurulis,meuRlis salons, sadac Tavs iyrida baTumis aristokratia. qeTevan JurulsdedaSvilurad usayvedurebia daviTisaTvis qarTuli enis daviwyeba. rodesacsalonSi giorgi erisTavis `gayras~ dgamdnen, qeTevani calke, damatebiT amecadinebdaTurme daviTs.germaneli resleri bulvars aSenebda qviSaze, baTumSi.soflebi carieldeboda, yvela qalaqs etaneboda, qarxnebSi muSaoba `eocnebebodaT~guSindel glexebs (saarsebo saxsris mosapoveblad).cxare kamaTi gaimarTa amis gamo iliasa da noe Jordanias Soris. ukanasknelimiesalmeboda soflis dacarielebas, qalaqis rolis zrdas, ilias ki, erisupirveles Wirisufals, es yovelive qveynisaTvis damRupvelad miaCnda.baTumis olqis ufrosma, slavoCinskim, uamravi rusi Camoasaxla, magram Ca-8


mosaxlebulTa umravlesoba ciebam imsxverpla. `gorodokSi~ araruss dasaxlebisufleba ar hqonda. dokerTa artelSic samuSaod mxolod ruseTidan gadmosaxlebulTiwvevdnen. .qarTvelebs mtrobdnen `Cernomorski vestnikis~ redaqtori palmi, rot-Sildis navTis qarxnis direqtori zrdilovski.muSaTa gamosvlebis CamxSobad gangeb niSnavdnen daviT kldiaSvils, qarTvels,raTa ukanaskneli SarSi gaxveuliyo. muSebi daviTs Tavisianad aRiqvamdnenda, misi morigeobis dReebSi, gangeb dumdnen. rodesac erTxel demonstrantTadaxvreta ubrZanes, kldiaSvilma uari ganacxada, `me jer sindisis xmas vusmenda mxolod Semdeg _ ugunur brZanebebso~.axali mefisnacvlis, voroncov-daSkovis moadgile, qarTvelTmoZule griaznovidaviTs `arakeTilsaimedoobis~ gamo daRestanSi (deSlagarSi) upirebdagadasrolas, magram ar dascalda _ guriis damrbevi arsena jorjiaSvilma mokla(griaznovis gegmiT, 20 000 kazaks kavkasiaSi `wesrigi unda daemyarebina~).Tanapolkel ivanickisTan konfliqtis gamo daviT kldiaSvilma samxedrosamsaxurs Tavi aneba, simoneTSi dabrunda.mSobliur sofels `imereTis sataxtos~ eZaxda. muSaobda quTaisis qalaqissabWoSi.daviT kldiaSvils saqarTvelos saxalxo mwerlis wodeba mianiWes.xandazmuls mexsiereba warTmevia. rodesac erT-erTi moTxrobis pasaJiwaukiTxes, Tavisi Txzuleba veRarc ucnia. uTqvams, `ucnouri ambaviao~.gardaicvala simoneTSi, 1931 wlis 24 aprils. ambobda Turme, sikvdili Sinmijobso.dakrZalulia mTawmindaze.daviT kldiaSvilisamaniSvilis dedinacvaliIbekina samaniSvili, rasakvirvelia, Raribi aznauri iyo, gvariani Raribic.aba, ra simdidres moaswavebda is ocdaaTi uremi simindi, ormoci Cafi Rvino daaTiode baTmani lobio, mis mamuls rom Semohqonda da riTac Tavs irCenda wlidan-wlamdisbekinas ojaxi. magram bekinas ki Tavisi Tavi mdidrebSi mohqonda davin iqneboda, rom Tavis siRaribeze erTi sityva wamoecdevinebina bekinasTvis?rogorc imereTSi amboben, erTob gadapranWuli iyo Cveni bekina.roca SinaurobaSiac laparaks gaabamda bekina Tavis gamoulevel sarCoze,Ronier lukmaze, misi erTaderTi colSviliani vaJiSvili platoni, Tumca trabaxobadmiaCnda moxucebuli mamis aseTi sityva, mainc aras eubneboda sawinaaRmdegosda mxolod pirjvris gamosaxviT ityoda xolme:amazedac gmadlob, ufalo! amazedac gmadlob, ufalo!am wamoZaxiliT platoni Tavis guliTad madlobas ucxadebda zecier mamas,rom Semcilebeli aravin gauCina mas Rarib lukmaSi. Tavis cotazedac kmayofili,am Tavis mcirediTac bednieri, igi gulmodginebiT urtyamda Toxs miwasda ojaxSi sruli kmayofileba sufevda.Tu ram sawyenad hqonda am ojaxs, es iyo platonis colis melanos xSiriSvilosnoba. yovel saojaxo saqmeSi marjve melanom SvilosnobaSiac ar daagdo9


Tavisi simarjve da sul mokle xanSi oTxi Svili SesZina ojaxs. xSirad uxumriaamaze rZlisaTvis bekinas da uTqvams RimiliT:_ Se qalo, zog saqmeSi simarjve margebeli ki ara, mavnebelicaa... e Seniqmari Seibrale, Se kargo qalo! _ da amasTan bekina gulianad gadixarxarebdaxolme._ araferia... SiSs gulSi nu SouSob... RmerTi mowyalea, Tavis gaCenilsumowyalod ar daagdebs, venacvale mis Zlierebas, yorifeli misi nebaa. albaT,surs, rom samaniSvilebi moamravlos. masac qveynad mxolod rCeulebi unda romhyavdes! xa, xa, xa!..arc platons hqonda sasiamovnod, rasakvirvelia, bevri Svili, magram rasizamda, mxolod Tavs gaaqnevda, roca maT Tvals gadaavlebda xolme.am garemoebis garda sxvebr swored bednierad sTvlidnen samaniSvilebi TavianTTavs. droebam ise moitana, rom maTi mcire qonebac ki simdidred iTvleboda,da mis mqonebels ara Tu akmayofilebda, aramed bednierad agrZnobinebdaTavisTavs da madlobas warmoaTqmevinebda uflisadmi.ra SesaSurebeli unda yofiliyo ase cotaze damyarebuli kmayofileba dabedniereba?! ra saxarbielo unda yofiliyo kacis mouTxovnelobiT mopovebuligulis simSvide?! magram bedniereba, ragvaric unda iyos, vis SerCeniabolomdis, rom samaniSvilisas fexi moedga mWidrod? an ki ra safiqrebeli iyo,rom ase cotaTi Semotyuebuli bedniereba isev cota mizeziTve xelidan argamoeclebodaT, sust safuZvelze damyarebuli kmayofileba ar moespobodaT!..ubedurebis dasawyisad bedma mouspo dRe sawyal marikas, bekinas cols.dedis sikvdili TavisTavadac mware iyo SvilisaTvis, rom sxvafrivac samwuxaroar yofiliyo. bekina metad Warmagi moxucebuli iyo da amis gamo saSi-Sari iyo, ucnauri survili meore colis SerTvisa gulSi ar gavleboda. dedinacvlisdanaxvis SiSi da dedinacvalTan ”Tan-momyolisa” Tavzarsa scemdaaqamdis guldamSvidebiT mcxovrebel aznaurs. ai, maSin iqneboda swored ”ZmaZmisTviso _ Savi dRisTviso”.colmac da qmarmac gaaorkeces moxucebuli mamis pativiscema da movla;oriveni gafacicebiT Tavs dastrialebdnen daqvrivebul bekinas da TavgamodebiTemsaxurebodnen, TvalSi Sehyurebdnen, rom yovel mis survilsa dasawadels misgan gamoTqmamdis mimxvdariyvnen da imwamsve aesrulebinaT. erTisityviT, platonic da melanoc dRedaRam imis mecadineobaSi iyvnen, rom moxucebulisguli moegoT da TavianTi Tavi SeeyvarebinaT, rac SeiZleboda, metad.amaSi kidevac miaRwies Tavis wadils. bekina didad afasebda rZal-SvilisaganyuradRebas, metad madlieri iyo maTi da gulaCvilebuli, kidevac ityoda xolmemaTTanac da sxvebTanac:_ eh, erTi Cems marikasac dascloda amisTana yofna, amaTTana RvTisnieriSvilebis mzera! hei, hei! _ Tan amoioxrebda xolme am sityvebTan erTad bekina.amis gamgon col-qmars imedi eZleoda, rom bekina metad daSorebuli undayofiliyo raime maT sawyen saqciels da bolos kidec sruliad guli daimSvides.magram bekinas am kmayofilebasa da gancxromaSi, Svilebis siyvarulTan erTad,sxvadasxvanairi natvrac gulSi epareboda da droTa ganmavlobaSi ejineboda...im sasiamovno mdgomareobaSi, mas rom eRirsa, ufro siamovnebiT, ufro tkbiladigrZnobda TavisTavs, Tavisi Sesaferisi amxanagic rom hyoloda vinme...ase fiqrobda gunebaSi bekina da es azri, Semdeg survilad gadaqceuli, bolosaucilebel wadilad gadaeqca; mis gunebaSi, ase rom moagvaros, bednierTaubednieresi kaci iqneboda. misi azriT eg misi wadili mis mosiyvarule Svilebsarc ki unda swyenodaT._ gana Cems kargad yofnaze ar mecadineoben?!. rasakvirvelia, ar ewyinebaT!_ ajerebda TavisTavs bekina. _ an ki raze unda ewyinoT?.. cudi mama viyavi10


maTTvis Tu?.. sacxovrebeli ara aqvT Cemgan Cabarebuli Tu? sul maT xom verSevwirav Cems Tavs, Tumca, RmerTia mowame, rarigad mageni me miyvaran?.. arcewyinebaT, ara... ar SeiZleba, rom ewyinoT!.. me rom imaT vuyvarvar!..ase fiqrobda bekina da imiT gaaTava, rom erT dRes kaci miugzavna Svils dagamoucxada Tavisi survili colis Txovisa.advili warmosadgenia, rarigad moxvdeboda platonis guls amis gagoneba._ mRupav, mama? _ mivida igi bekinasTan. _ mRupav? danas miyri yelSi?.. ratommimeteb, Seni Wirime?! _ Zlivs warmosTqva platonma da, xmaCawyvetilma, unugeSodxelebi gaSala._ gRupav?!. raTa, Svilo, raTa?.. SenisTana Svili unda daRupos mamam?!_ aba raa?.. _ da isev sityva gauSra platons._ kargi, Tu giyvarde, kargi! _ mxiarulad SesZaxa bekinam. _ Se kargo kaco,me erTi bebruxana movaTrio, Sen ratom unda daiRupo, Svilo?! ra dagRupavs,Tu giyvarde?_ Svili geyoleba..._ xa, xa, xa! _ gadixarxara bekinam da sityva gaawyvetina platons. _ Sviligeyolebao... xa, xa, xa!.. raRa dros Cemi Svilia, Se kaco!.. xa, xa, xa!_ mama... Sen nu momikvdebi, sikvdilis msgavs saqmes mipireb!.._ erTi Sen! dajinebulad laparakob dRes, platon!.. dedaberma rava undaSegaSinos, Se glaxako? ase ratom unda Sewuxde?!. eg Seni SiSi, mamaSvilobam,sruliad usafuZvloa... rame gevnebaT ki ara, Tu damijereb, sasargebloc iqneba;sawyal melanos cota SeRavaTi mainc miecema, Tvara aRaraa qali!.. uWirserT adamians, Teli ojaxi kiserze awevs!.._ batono, melanos jafas ras deeZeb, Sen nu..._ ratom ras deveZeb?! _ gaawyvetina sityva bekinam. _ ratom ar deveZeb...isic Svili araa Cemi?_ batono, Sen sxvebr Segvibrale da Cvens jafas nu kiTxulob, nu dardob...RmerTs jafisaTvis vyavarT gaCenili!.. _ eubneboda platoni. _ mama, Seni Wirime,gadaTqvi colis Txova da ra ginda Cemgan!.._ nu xar jiniani, Svilo!.. _ Seutia bekinam. _ marto Sens Tavze ki ar undaifiqro adamianma!platons ewyina es ukanaskneli sityva mamisagan da kuStad uTxra:_ batono, droc ki aRaraa Seni colis Txovis!bekinam qoriviT gadaxeda Svils da welSi gaimarTa._ eriha!! _ SesZaxa man, _ eriha, ra davardnili me mnaxe?! TqvenisTana axalgazrdebskidev erT aTs erTad vajobeb janiTac, simrTeliTac, SexedulebiTacda vaJkacobiTac!.. ara, Svilo, magi sul tyvilia, sul tyvilia!.. raSiSematyve daZabuneba!.. hm!.. _ da bekinam marjvena xeliT Seibertya Tavisi gr-Zeli gaWaRaravebuli wveri da mere TavmowonebiT gadigrixa lamazi ulvaSebi._ ara, Svilo! _ miuaxlovda bekina Svils da mxarze xeli daado. _ ara, Svilo,magisTana laparaks Tavi daanebe... RmerTma ise Cemi suli Seiyvaros, ravarc meTqven miyvardeT da man icodes Tu me TqvenTvis cudi rame gulSi medos... arcifiqroT, rom CemgniT Tqven, rame danaklisi ki ara, ubralo wyenac SegxvdeT!..magram nurc Tqven gajindebiT, Svilebo!.. RmerTma icis da yvelac xedavs, romara giWirT-ra: miwac sakmaod gaqvT, Tu sxvaze meti ara. wyalic, saxlic, karic...tyec da velic!.. (es ki meti wamoscda bekinas _ tye sruliad ara hqonebia).samwuxaro ra gaqvT?! RmerTi ufro met mowyalebas mogcemsT, ufro giwinamZ-RvrebT, Tu mec momxedavT, SeminaxavT da Cemi ukanaskneli dReebis gamwarebasar indomebT... ra vqna, Svilo, mec kaci var, mec adamiani var!.. myoleboda dedaSenicocxali, hei, Svilo, CemisTana bednieri qveyanaze kaci ar iqneboda!..magram ras izam... ufalma ase ineba da dRes nu amitydebiT, nu ameSlebiT. Tqven11


gavigoT, gaviazroT, SevafasoT:• romeli istoriuli epoqaa areklili daviT kldiaSvilis `samaniSvilisdedinacvalSi~?• ra gansxvavebaa istoriulad or formacias _ feodalizmsa da kapitalizmsSoris?• teqstSi vkiTxulobT: `bedniereba, ragvaric unda iyos, vis SerCenia bolomdis,rom samaniSvilisas fexi moedga mWidrod?~ gavixsenoT msgavsipasaJi sxva Txzulebidan.• gaaanalizeT darikos sityvebi: `vin unda SemoaTrios dediCemis magiermag Wkuadakargulma, vin?~• ratom aSinebs platons `Zma ZmisTviso _ Savi dRisTviso~ da ratom igebsandazas pirdapiri mniSvnelobiT?• tician tabiZem samaniSvilis cxens `imereTis rosinanti~ uwoda. didi mwerlebidetals saguldagulod amuSaveben. daakvirdiT am sabralo arsebasTanplatonis damokidebulebis aRmwer pasaJebs teqstSi. gaixseneTilias personaJi, romelic gawamebul pirutyvs gamoesarCla. ratom aqcevsd. kldiaSvili am detalebs ase saguldagulod yuradRebas?• miaqcieT yuradReba platonis gverdevaniZisadmi damokidebulebismetamorfozas: ratom usvams xazs mwerali Semdeg detalebs: `(platons)axla yoveli moxucebuli kacis danaxva ejavreboda Tavisi mamis gamo~;`(platoni) TavmoZulebiT miaCindrikebda enagadmogdebul cxens, smenadgadaqceuli, egeb am dalocvil kacs kvlav dascdenoda misTvis gamosadegiram sityva~?• gaiazreT kiriles sityvebi: `samwuxaro jojoxeTSiac ar mogvakldeba daaq mainc molxeniT viyoT~. `SuSanikis wamebaSi~ vkiTxulobT: `ganvisajneTme da varsqen pitiaxSi mun~... imsjeleT, ra gansxvavebaa cnebaTa `aq~ da`mun~ (iq) SuSanikisa da kirileseul gaazrebas Soris.• gaiazreT aristos sityvebi: `dRes kaci kacs ise ver axsenebs, rom misigineba da cudad moxseneba Tanve ar daatanos~. ra qceula sazogadoebiskidev erT mankier Tvisebad?V _ VI _ VII _ VII _ VIII TavebifanCaturi _ 1. `foTlis derefani~ (saba), cocxali mcenaris totebiTa dafoTlebiT gadaxuruli saCrdilobeli, talaveri, Talari. 2. msubuqi gadaxurulinageboba baRSi (dasasveneblad).cmacuri _ aq _ moCvenebiTi fusfusi.staqani (rus.) _ Wiqa.manqaneba _ xerxi, mcdeloba, xriki.zala (rus.) _ sastumro oTaxi, darbazi.TqrSiali _ xmauri.manqaneba _ xerxi, mcdeloba, xriki.zala (rus.) _ sastumro oTaxi, darbazi.13


gavigoT, gaviazroT, SevafasoT:• ramdenad gulwrfelia teqstis dasawyisSi aRwerili ojaxuri siamtkbiloba?• ratom veras aklebs axali formacia jimSer saloberiZis ojaxs?• ra `manqanebiT~ axerxebs aznauri sulieri da materialuri wonasworobisSenarCunebas?• SeadareT arCilisa da kesos da luarsabis ojaxebi saloberiZisas;• gaanalizeT fraza: `jimSers sainteresod hqonda (ainteresebda)yovelisazogado saqme~. rogor axasiaTebs es pasaJi saloberiZes?• gaixseneT SafaTaZis qorwilis epizodi, SeadareT qarTuli literaturissxva ZeglebSi aRweril qorwilebs. ra icvleba an ra rCeba ucvleli?Tvalsazrisi`saxl-karis daqceva simbolurad yofierebis safuZvlis moSlas niSnavs.saxl-kari samyaroa, uromlisodac ar arsebobs adamiani, didi kosmosis pataranawili. Tu adamians saxl-kari ar gaaCnia, qonebrivad bogano xdeba da sulierad_ beCavi. iRupeba saxl-kari, iRupeba adamianic. iRupeba adamiani, iRupeba saxlkaric.amis gamoa, rom XIX saukunis qarTul mwerlobaSi saxl-karis problemasgansakuTrebuli yuradReba eqceva~.akaki baqraZe `XIX saukune~.• SeadareT saloberiZis saxls aristosa da bregaZeebis saxlebi. imsjeleT,ra mniSvneloba aqvs adamianisTvis saxl-kars?XIImagram imedi ar sruldeboda. xani gadioda da sazareli arseba zrdaSi Sedioda.kidev cota xani da platons TvaliTac daenaxveboda TviTon da Tavisxmasac gaagonebda.es garemoeba SeSliliviT xdida platons. am kacma sruliad goneba dahkarga,gaWirveulda, daekarga yovelive moTmineba. iseTi xasiaTi daiWira, rom kaciveRar cnobda. xsnas, sxva saSvels rom veras xedavda Tavis mawuxeblis mosaSoreblad,igi ucnauri winadadebiT mivida Tavis mamasTan. bekinam iyvira, rocaSvilis naTqvami gaigona. moxucebuli kaci kinaRam gadairia:_ RmerTi deiviwye, Se ubeduro?.. RmerTi aRar gagaxsenda, magisTana azrebirom TavSi mogivida?! moxucebul kacs maZaleb sulis wasawymedi saqme Cevidino?..RvTis Casaxuli kaci movkla?.. gagiJdi, Se RmerTgamwyralo? rava meubnebi,dedakacs muceli movaSlevino?! ram gafiqrebia amnairi uRvTo saqme, ram?_ yviroda bekina Svilis naTqvamiT gacecxlebuli. platoni ki warbebSexrili,saxedaRvremili idga erT adgilas gayuCebuli jiutad da dabla imzireboda._ ra iqna, RmerTmani, ra gaqvT amdeni sadavidarabo, rom kacma TqvenganerTi tkbili sityva veRar geigona am bolo dros?! sul mobRuSva, sul usiam-14

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