2007 Issue 2 - Raytheon


2007 Issue 2 - Raytheon

Continued from page 23

and control echelon levels, but it also provides

significant opportunities to the individual

on the front line. Furthermore, net

centricity provides unprecedented capabilities

to validate the operational utility of

these same technologies and emergent

methodologies prior to deployment. Thus,

it validates Mission Assurance and the

effectiveness of solutions, from the frontline

warfighters’ environment through all

levels of upper command operations.

The recent Cooperative Research and

Development Agreement (CRADA) between

JFCOM and Raytheon is oriented toward

establishing the framework and supporting

mechanisms to allow just such a RDT&E

capability for urban environments. This

CRADA, titled Networked Urban Operations

Test Bed (NUOTB), is establishing an open

access framework to capitalize on existing

sites through the exploitation of networks.

By networking training environments,

acquisition authorities, and technology

providers into a cohesive environment and

process, complex system solutions can be

quickly evaluated, operationally validated

and readied for deployment to the by the

using customer throughout the RDT&E evolution.

By embedding technology testing,

evaluation and product evolution as part of

the existing training skills development of

the end user community, the operational

utility is aligned with the evolution of the

conflict area. And by embedding the

acquisition process up front in the other

areas, the customers DOTMLPF (Doctrine,

Organization, Training, Materiel,

Leadership, Personnel, Facilities) concerns

are addressed early, and therefore the

“Need” to “Deployed Solution” cycle can

be shortened significantly. Furthermore,

solutions in this environment can be scrutinized

not only for tactical effectiveness, but

for operations and strategic levels of effectiveness

as well.

Although challenges still exist and continue

to evolve, our nation is developing solutions

to meet these challenges at the technology

level, the employment level, the effect level

and the timeliness level. The real challenge

is expending enough effort to bring these

solutions to bear. •

Timothy R. Morris





After Solid Success

Raytheon Presses Forward With MDA

Model-driven architecture (MDA ® ) is an

established software development methodology

put into practice across Raytheon’s

businesses. Raytheon Missile Systems (MS)

has been using MDA for more than 10

years; Integrated Defense Systems (IDS) has

a half-dozen projects where contractually

delivered software has been developed

from MDA (each at a greater productivity

level than traditional software methods);

and Network Centric Systems (NCS) has an

initiative to have MDA deployed at each of

their sites across the country.

As such, Raytheon engineers and other

experts have authored a number of papers

and presentations touting the benefits of

MDA. These benefits include:

• An increase in productivity

• A decrease in defects

• Better communication between systems

and software engineering

• Better communication with our customers

• An increase in reuse and product line


• Portability

For these reasons, the adoption of MDA

may be inevitable. The most compelling

argument for its adoption, though, might

be that our customers are beginning to

demand it.

As the value and maturity of MDA is

increasingly recognized, the larger question

becomes: “Should the government make

the delivery of compilable models a contractual

requirement?” Based on Raytheon’s

MDA briefings to Pentagon representatives

and the Office of Naval Research, the message

is now clear. The acquisition offices of

the DoD are seriously considering the productivity

improvement, the software quality



Transportation Health Care



Space Model-Driven Telecom


and the potential for reuse that represent

the promise of MDA.

From a business perspective, an argument

can be made that the industry transition

from current software development

practices to MDA is similar in nature to

the adoption of the Capability Maturity

Model (CMM ® ).

When the CMM was first released in the

early 1990s by the Software Engineering

Institute (SEI) at Carnegie-Mellon University,

acceptance ranged from total buy-in to outright

hostility. The norm may have been

somewhere in the middle, between cautious

optimism and mindful skepticism. All

arguments were settled when various government

factions required CMM certification

as part of the acquisition process.

As the customer community explores the

possibility of requiring MDA products as

deliverables, Raytheon will continue to

expand the use of this technology.

Our continued success with model-driven

architecture is based on a practical strategy.

After pathfinding the new technology on

several internal research and development

projects in IDS, MS and NCS, we started

Y E S T E R D A Y … T O D A Y … T O M O R R O W

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