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DAP AVENTURA 2016 - 2017

Los invitamos a conocer nuestra mirada, a través de esta nueva edición digital de revista "AVENTURA: Al Fin del Mundo", temporada 2015-2016. Cuéntanos qué te parece en facebook.com/grupodap _______/________ We invite you to know our world, in this new digital edition of "ADVENTURE: At the End of the World" 2015-2016 season. Tell us what you think on facebook.com/grupodap Enjoy!

Aventura al fin del

Aventura al fin del mundo 2016 - 2017 structures test previously in warehouses at the Vega Central, located in Santiago, and capable of withstanding the strong Antarctic winds. After 29 hard days of work, “Soberanía” was ready to be populated. By that time, “Angamos” ship had arrived as well, and the base would be inaugurated on February 6th of 1947. Oscar Pinochet de la Barra wrote about these efforts: “I have seen sons of Chile raise a base almost without elements, working 15 hours a day, until dropping down exhausted. Showing off those virile Chilean virtues that are not legend but instead are real. Intense struggle with a hostile and rough environment that will not surrender but to a truly heroic and perseverant effort. There were no differences by uniform, rank, age or social background. Men went back to primitive times, forgot about the quarrels with which civilization has poisoned their lives, and joined each other to face the advances of their traditional enemies: wind and cold. And amongst them all, Julio Ripamonti, the architect –apostle of the Antarctic faith, speaking with his silence upon the land of silence, rocking the storms with his creative passion in the continent of storms itself”. But other milestones were reached in those days. On February 15th, Squadron Commander Enrique Byer and Lieutenant Arturo Parodi of the Chilean Air Force carried out the first Chilean or Southamerican flight in such territories, on board a Vought-Sikorski 308 hydroplane. And a group from the Army, sent by the Military Geographic Institute of Chile and commanded by Mayor Pablo Ihl, entered the areas of the island that had not yet been mapped. In the process, they lost one expedition member in the middle of a dense fog, but luckily the man found his way back to the camp by his own means. But this expedition was also very important for the newly born Chilean Antarctic Science. Its Geology team, led by Naturalist Carlos Oliver Schneider from the University of Concepción, found evidence that the Antarctic mountains are actually a part of the Andes Mountain Range, giving them the name of Antartandes. On the other hand, the Marine Biology team, led by Dr. Parmenio Yáñez Andrade from the University of Chile, took upon studies of the seaweeds of Greenwich Island, Desolation Island and Margarita Bay, discovering new species. Dr. Guillermo Mann, from the Department of Parasitology from the Agriculture Ministry of Chile, developed studies on different species of the Antarctic fauna. The information he collected was the base for his book “Biología de la Antártica Sudamericana” (1948), one of the first works in Spanish about ecology in the white continent. Finally, on March 15th 1947, frigate “Angamos” leaves “Soberanía” base to a group of 6 marines commanded by First Lieutenant Boris Kopaitic. The last words this man said to his colleagues leaving towards the continent was: “If you don’t pick me up in the summer of 1948, I will gladly stay for two years”. These men, only communicated with the continent by radio, were the first Chileans to withstand the harshness of the Antarctic winter. A storm with 150km/h wind gusts destroyed their only boat, as well as the dock. The latter had to be built again by moving several tons of stones in freezing temperatures to the site. They would be relieved safely a year later. But this First Chilean Antarctic Expedition produced more than the building of a base. The event itself awakened a powerful spirit of national pride in the public, as it was such an impressive logistic endeavor, in which Chileans of different skills, origins and even political backgrounds had collaborated within a common goal. Commodore Guesalaga was elevated to the rank of a true popular hero, was later was Lieutenant Kopaitic. Today both are remembered with place names in Antarctica. The abundant material filmed on 8mm by Hans Helfritz was put together in a movie exhibited in Santiago’s theaters at the time. Recently, this material has been recovered, as well as registers from later expeditions, and put together in the movie “El Continente de la Luz” (2012), a production supported by the Chilean Antarctic Institute (INACH), with the edition and musicalization by Magellan electronic duo LLUVIA ÁCIDA. A new era was opened for Chilean Antarctic History. One that has carried on to this day, giving Chile a horizon, not only in scientific and geopolitical themes, but also as the affirmation of an identity as people from the South of the South. But the best summary of this event and the mark that it left on its participants is found in Oscar Pinochet de la Barra’s words: “Continent of extremes, Antarctica left us, upon our return, with the melancholy of someone who has seen something wonderful, and is certain nothing else will satisfy him in the future”. Sources: - “Base Soberanía y otros recuerdos antárticos (1947 – 1949)”, Oscar Pinochet de la Barra, Editorial Francisco de Aguirre, Buenos Aires – Santiago de Chile, 1977. - “Antártica Chilena”, Oscar Pinochet de la Barra, Editorial Zigzag, Santiago de Chile, Editorial Andrés Bello, 1976. Adventure at the End of the World 5

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