August-2019

kenyaairwaysltd

August 2019 - Issue

August 2019

ENJOY YOUR FLIGHT / 9

“Protecting endangered

species is a priority

at Kenya Airways”

August 2019 edition 160 kenya-airways.com

Summit

to Sea

Breathtaking


Tanzania

Larger

Than Life

Elephant

conservation

FREE

to Take

Home!

Bangkok

And

Beyond

Kenya Airways’ World

Travel Awards

• Winner Africa’s Leading Airline:

2016, 2017

• Winner Africa’s Leading Airline,

Business Class: 2013, 2014, 2015,

2016, 2017, 2018, 2019

• Winner Africa’s Leading Airline,

Economy Class: 2011, 2018, 2019

Dear guests,

Protecting endangered species is a priority

at Kenya Airways, so we fully support

the African Elephant Coalition. This

group of 30 African countries will make

several proposals at the CITES CoP18

meeting later this month, to ensure that

elephants are given maximum protection.

The coalition aims to stop the reopening

of the ivory trade, which five African

countries are proposing, close legal ivory

markets and strengthen the management

of ivory stockpiles.

In support of these efforts – and to

coincide with World Elephant Day on

12 August – our wildlife story (page 62)

looks at the plight of the elephant and

what we can do about it. The article also

explains why elephants are vital to the

environment, which is yet another reason

to protect them.

As consumer banking in many parts of

the world begins to recover from a

downturn, all eyes are on Africa because

its consumer banking sector is way

ahead. Much of the continent’s growth

is due to mobile banking services that

enable users to make payments and

borrow or save money easily with a

basic mobile phone. Our trend story

(page 44) looks into what many see as a

banking revolution in Africa.

Banking is not the only industry that’s

thriving on the continent. Artificial

intelligence (AI), which has so far given

us tools that make our lives easier, such

as Apple’s virtual assistant, Siri, is

entering a new research and development

phase and Africa is the focal

point. Foreign companies have

gravitated to countries such as Kenya

and Nigeria to take advantage of a

young, educated population. IBM,

Google and Microsoft are among the

higher profile firms that have established

AI research labs in Africa. Our

business story (page 52) gives you the

details of this exciting development.

Thank you for choosing Kenya Airways,

I wish you an enjoyable flight.

Sebastian Mikosz,

Group Managing Director and CEO

Kenya Airways

Image: Jeroen van Loon


CONTENTS / 11

Travel & Nature

14 Ethereal Chasm

Victoria Falls

24 From Summit to Sea

Breathtaking Tanzania

42 Movers And Shakers

Maasai Mara travel tips

49 Travel Essentials

Packing for Bangkok

56 Way of The Elders

Exploring Bangkok and beyond

00

24

Arts & Culture

17 Habari

Kenya & the world

36 Thought Leaders

Africa’s influencers

62 Larger Than Life

Elephant conservation

52

Publisher Kenya Airways | Director Communications and Public Affairs Dennis Kashero Corporate Communications Executive Mercy Agnes Mwamba Advertising MediaEdge Interactive

Ltd. | Managing Director Esther Ngomeli Head of Media Rose Kagori Concept, Content & Production Hearst Create | Hearst Netherlands CEO Luc van Os Managing Editor Irene Bauer

Senior Designer Gaby Walther Subeditor Ben Clark Client Partner Inger Waijers Proofreader Julia Gorodecky Photo Editor Monique Kolmeijer Design Concept Sabine Verschueren

Production Manager Hans Koedijker Contributors Cedric Arnold, Mukarram Bakirali, Yvette Bax, Jackson Biko, Sarah Coghill, Matteo Colombo, Andrea Dijkstra, Eromo Egbejule, Emma van

Egmond, CJ Eklund, Sally Van Es, Philip Lee Harvey, Annemarie Hoeve, Joseph Maina, David Messiha, Sioe Sin Khoe, Annette Lavrijsen, Dewi Leming, Gijsje Ribbens, Anthea Rowan, Jerry

Riley, Martha Shardalow, Jackie Snow, Kristel Steenbergen, Eva de Vries, Chantal van Wessel/Vizualism, Hanna Wieslander, David Yarrow Lithography Ready4Print Printer Walstead CE,

Kraków, Poland


12 / CONTENTS

Fly Guide

69 Highlights

Inflight entertainment guide

81 Safari Njema

News & service

85 Flying Blue News

87 SkyTeam News

88 Route Maps

93 Cargo

94 Get Comfortable

56

Business

34 Aircraft Facts

The nose

44 Bank on It

Africa’s banking revolution

52 Out of Your Mind

AI development in Africa

62

Contact details Kenya Airways Communications & Public Affairs, Nairobi, Kenya, +254 20 642 2000, msafiri@kenya-airways.com Website kenya-airways.com, msafiri-magazine.com

Facebook Kenya Airways Twitter @kenyaAirways Instagram @officialkenyaairways Mediaedge Interactive Ltd. Nairobi, Kenya, +254 20 420 5000 / +254 723 140187 / +254 734 271488,

msafiri@mediaedgeke.comHearst Magazines Netherlands BV, Moermanskkade 500, 1013 BC Amsterdam, the Netherlands +31 20 5353942, Website hearstcreate.nl.

No part of the contents may be reproduced without prior written permission. While every care is taken to ensure accuracy in preparing the magazine, the publisher and Kenya Airways assume

no responsibility for mistakes and effects arising therefrom. The publisher has made every effort to arrange copyright in according with existing legislation. Msafiri is available on all KQ flights

and at select hotels and businesses in Nairobi. A digital copy is available for free at kenya-airways.com.


14 / NATURE / Views

NATURE / 15

Ethereal

Chasm

Living on the edge

feels decidedly more

serene when dancing

with the Devil at the

tip of VICTORIA

FALLS. Visit one of

the planet’s most

famous natural wonders

in autumn for a

heavenly experience.

text Martha Shardalow

NOT FOR the faint-hearted, peering

over the brim of the largest curtain of

falling water on the planet is exhilarating

to say the least.

Disappearing into the billowing,

iridescent mist, this epitome of wild

water descends 108 m to the bottom.

Victoria Falls straddles two countries

(Zambia and Zimbabwe). Visitors can

swim in the Zambezi River – on the

Zambian side – to seemingly defy the

laws of physics in an unorthodox infinity

pool called Devil’s Pool. The only thing

stopping you from partaking in the

plummet is a jagged rock formation.

From September to December, the

flow of the mighty Zambezi River subsides

and the water level drops, allowing

the more stalwart to (relatively) easily

fight the current. If the Devil’s grips

leave you woozy, turn your head towards

the lush emerald sprawl of surrounding

rainforest. Alternatively, embrace the

dizziness and wave at the day-trippers

assembling their tripods in Zimbabwe.

Kenya Airways flies to Harry Mwanga Nkumbula

International Airport in Livingstone, Zambia,

from Nairobi’s Jomo Kenyatta International

Airport. The Zambia side of Victoria Falls is 20

minutes from there by car.

Hollandse Hoogte


60%

Rwanda holds the

world record for the

highest representation

of women in parliament:

more than 60 percent of

its members are women.

Habari

HABARI / 17

The Sossusvlei sand dunes in

Namibia are some of the highest

(and most beautiful) in the world.

Creative class

Multifaceted

Talent

South African artist and

multi-talent Wesley van

Eeden works as an illustrator,

graphic designer and painter

for clients all over the world.

Among many other things, he

designs murals, apparel and

skateboards, all characterised

by a great sense of creativity

and an eye for detail. Check

out his work at resoborg.com.

~ Instagram @resoborg


18 / HABARI

HABARI / 19

The Côte d'Ivoire is the

world’s largest cocoa

producer.

Nairobi

The African Nile crocodile is

found in rivers, lakes and ponds

throughout Burkina Faso.

The name Burkina Faso means

“Land of Incorruptable People”.

What’s On

Cameroon is home to

revitalising thermal springs.

Wild side

River Rush

Restaurant

About Thyme

Festival

Lake of Stars Shines

Looking for an adrenaline

rush? Head to Tana River for

some wild whitewater rafting

in the rapids, or try a heartstopping

freefall down a 12-m

waterfall. Rapids Camp Sagana

offers kayaking and rafting,

rock climbing, river trekking,

camping and more. And if

adrenaline’s not your thing,

you can always just relax with

a book on their manicured

lawns while you enjoy a luxurious

breakfast or lunch.

~ raftinginkenya.com

iStock

Jerry Riley

Creative hub

Kitengela Hot

Glass

In the late 1970s, Nani Croze

visited the Athi-Kapiti Maasailand

plains and fell in love

with its outstanding beauty. It

was only natural, then, that in

1981 she started the Kitengela

Hot Glass Studio there. Today,

as well as being a training centre

for artisans – who create

artforms such as stained glass,

mosaics, sculpture and pottery

– the studio holds a range of

regular activities.

Everybody who loves love enjoys a romantic dinner (think candlelight

and soft music). But for it to be truly romantic, the setting

can’t be too obvious; it should look natural and be subtly

beautiful. And the food should be great. So if you’re looking to

create some romance, consider the magical ambience of About

Thyme restaurant at night: its low, leafy canopies make you feel

like you’re dining in the woods. Of course, if you don’t do love,

then brunch it is. Either way, you’ll have a fantastic time at About

Thyme.

~ about-thyme.com

Textiles

Heart on Her

Sleeve

Nigerian designer Ify Ojo

specialises in Afro-infused

fabrics for men’s and women’s

apparel. Her stunning designs

highlight a traditional African

way of storytelling.

~ stelatextiledesignstudio.com

This year, the Lake of Stars festival takes on an exciting new

format, bringing a unique lineup of music, talks, poetry, theatre,

film, art and wellness activities from Malawi and beyond; all in an

intimate, remote and inspiring setting. The three-day celebration

will take place from 27 to 29 September at Kachere Castle, on the

shores of beautiful Lake Malawi.

~ lakeofstars.org

Alamy

Shopping

Next-Gen Design

Everything produced by new

African brand Ziyanda is

striking. Designed by South

African entrepreneur Zonke

Ndaba, this collection of highend

appliances includes smart

kettles, toasters and stand

mixers, all with a sleek look

and feel combined with a traditional

African touch.

~ ziyandappliances.com

Cultural visit

Karen Blixen Museum

Did you know that Danish author Karen Blixen, of film, Out of

Africa, fame, lived in a farmhouse in Nairobi from 1917 until

1931? This beautiful 19th-century farmhouse, which once housed

love and eventually heartbreak, is now the Karen Blixen Museum.

It’s also the place where the film adaptation of Blixen’s life

was shot; Out of Africa went on to win seven Academy Awards in

1986, including Best Picture and Best Director. The museum and

its tranquil garden surroundings are open every day to visitors.

~ museums.or.ke/karen-blixen

~ kitengelaglassart.com

Alamy

“If you want

peace, you don’t

talk to your

friends. You talk

to your enemies”

– Desmond Tutu

Nairobi page text: Jackson Biko

Habari text: Eva de Vries

Sport

Sanlam Cape Town

Marathon

This world-class running event takes place on 15

September and features a marathon, peace trail and a

10km run/walk through Cape Town. The marathon

starts at the famous V&A Waterfront and takes runners

along a scenic route past landmarks such as

District Six and the Castle of Good Hope.

~ capetownmarathon.com

Nature

Purple Reign

Holland has its fields of tulips, Japan has its cherry blossoms and Africa has

its famous jacaranda trees, which explode into vivid purple flowers from September

to November. That means that the streets of Harare and Pretoria –

and everywhere in between – will soon be covered in a carpet of violet. Legend

has it that if a flower falls on your head, you’ll have good fortune.

iStock


20 / HABARI

HABARI / 21

Addis Ababa lies at an

elevation of 2,300 m, and

rises as high as 3,000 m at

the northern

Entoto Mountains.

Column

The Zanzibar Archipelago is made up of

many islands. The larger islands include

Unguja, with beautiful beaches,

and Pemba, with unspoiled reefs.

The Udzungwa Mountains

National Park is Tanzania’s

first national park. It was

created primarily to protect

flora rather than fauna.

Arts & Culture

Sibebe Rock in eSwatini is the

world’s second-largest monolith

(after Australia’s Uluru).

Not to miss in…

Addis Ababa |

Ethiopia

Addis Ababa

Most visitors head straight for

Ethiopia’s mountains or ancient

churches as soon as they land

in Addis Ababa, but it’s definitely

worth spending some time getting

to know the fascinating capital for

a couple of days.

Innovation

Bottoms Up

Young entrepreneur Daniella

Ekwueme is filling a gap in the

Nigeria spirits market with her

bottled palm wine company

‘Pamii’. Not only is the wine

delicious, the bottles’ labels

look fabulous, too.

~ passthepamii.com

If you fly with Kenya Airways frequently, you may have

read that I joined a Muay Thai boxing class earlier this year.

And that the class had fellows half my age (I’m 41) who would

continuously, savagely and happily kick my behind. But I promised

myself that I wouldn’t quit. That I would break all the

bones in my body before I waved the white flag and flatlined.

Two months after joining, however, I developed a muscle spasm

in my lower back and it was a wrap for me and Muay Thai. My

only regret was that I wasn’t around to show those young-uns

the stuff I’m made of. They dodged a beating.

Anyway, because I’m a man, I didn’t see a doctor for my

back; I consulted some loudmouths in a bar, instead. They

gave me the number of a physiotherapist, who worked on my

back for two months without success. Then I consulted more

men in more bars, and they put me on to another sports physiotherapist

who wasted another three weeks of my time. At

this point, I decided that being a man wasn’t working for my

back, so I saw an orthopedic surgeon, who was always in a

crisp, well-cut suit. (The back business must be good.) I had

an MRI (it’s loud in that tube) and Snazzy Suits said that I

had a muscle spasm and that I needed 10 rounds of physiotherapy,

which, by the seventh one, hadn’t done the trick.

Then someone (not in a bar, this time) suggested that I see

an osteopath. I hadn’t heard of such a person; it sounded like

someone who drained fluids from lungs. Osteopathy, Google

told me, is a form of alternative medicine that emphasises

readjustments and manipulation of muscle and bone.

Mr Alternative Medicine had his practice in his apartment,

where he’d turned one of the bedrooms into a clinic. He

suggested five sessions, which weren’t cheap. But by this time I

had a back that felt like a gangplank, so I had no choice.

The first session was weird. I lay down and he proceeded

to stare at the soles of my feet for a long while, as if he was

admiring them. (I have lovely soles, in case you’re wondering).

Then he started prodding, pressing and kneading them with

his fingers, while asking me odd questions: “Have you been

Jackson Biko

Sole Man

“I didn’t see a doctor for

my back; I consulted

some loudmouths in a

bar, instead”

near a pregnant woman lately?” (Errm, not knowingly, why?)

“Wait, there’s something here on your throat.” (You mean my

feet?) “No, your throat...but it’s something I don’t like. When

you laugh hard, do you produce phlegm?” (I couldn’t remember

when I last laughed hard. I’m not that kind of person.) “Do

you have a problem with constipation?” (That information is

private, no?) “You’re due to see an optician.” (My optician, a

German missionary fella, died last year. God rest his soul.)

He kept prodding the soles of my feet and asking these

terrifying questions. He seemed to want to know everything

about my organs, but he never commented on my soul. I guess

you don’t wear your soul on your feet. Then he started pressing

my back and spine, with his head cocked sideways, as if

my spine was the string of a musical instrument. Then he

suggested that I buy a gym ball. So now I have a bouncy blue

gym ball in my house. I sit on it at times, or lie on it to stretch

my back. Sometimes – when I’m bored – I kick it against the

wall. My visitors have taken to autographing it as if it’s a cast.

They write things about old age that they imagine to be funny.

I’ve now finished my sessions and I have to admit, I feel

much better. I keep telling people to be kind to the soles of

their feet. That the eyes might be the window to the soul, but

the soles are the windows to every other place in the body.

Illustration: Hannah Wieslander

Zoma Museum

This refurbished contemporary art

museum is built with wattle and

daub; its design was inspired by

traditional Ethiopian construction

techniques, expressed through

a modern interpretation. Open

Tuesday to Sunday.

~ zomamuseum.org

Mount Entoto

Want to escape the urban

jungle and enjoy the city from

above? Then take a hike up the

3,200-m-high Mount Entoto.

Along the way, you’ll pass through

a refreshing eucalyptus forest

and encounter a former imperial

palace, as well as numerous

monasteries and churches.

Coffee at Tomoca

This cosy little café in the Piazza

neighbourhood has been around

since 1953, and it serves some

of Addis Ababa’s best coffee. The

beans are roasted onsite, and

the delicious black gold is served

in small cups to patrons at high

wooden tables.

~ tomocacoffee.com


Alamy

Architecture

Peak Perfection

Renowned Burkinabé architect Francis Kéré designed the

remarkable installation Sarabalé ke – “the House of Celebration”

– for this year’s Coachella Festival in California, US. The

12 colourful towers are inspired by the baobab trees in Kéré’s

home village of Gando in Burkina Faso.

~ kere-architecture.com

“A family tie

is like a tree;

it can bend

but it cannot

break”

– African proverb

Getty Images

Shopping

Sustainable Style

New Kenyan brand Lokol

creates beautiful leatherworks

from small, leftover pieces of

hide. Their product line includes

a range of wallets,

pouches, sandals and bags in a

variety of locally sourced animal

hides.

~ Instagram: @wearelokol


24 / TRAVEL / Tanzania

TRAVEL / 25

FROM SUMMIT

TO SEA

From Mt. Kilimanjaro to the famous

archipelago of Zanzibar, TANZANIA is a

land of breathtaking variety.

text Anthea Rowan

Marangu Hotel Kilimanjaro

Sarah Coghill


26 / TRAVEL / Tanzania

TRAVEL / 27

Previous pages

Left: Mt. Kilimanjaro seen

from Marangu Hotel.

Right: A sandbank viewed

from a dhow boat cruise

near Fumba Beach Lodge,

Zanzibar.

AT 5,895 m above sea level, Mt. Kilimanjaro is one of the

highest free-standing mountains in the world. It rises suddenly

and spectacularly from the dusty Maasai Steppe. Tanzania

ripples with mountains: the Great Rift Valley, which runs for

6,000 km from Lebanon to Mozambique, cuts a scar through

northern Tanzania, and in the south, the Eastern Arc Mountains,

an ancient chain of peaks and summits, unravel.

A WALK IN THE CLOUDS

When early explorers espied Mt. Kilimanjaro, they rubbed

their eyes, thinking they were seeing things: a snow cap hovering

like a mirage over an equatorial savannah.

Growing up on one side of the mountain (in Kenya) and

living for years on the other side (in Tanzania), I’m ashamed

to admit that I’ve never climbed it. Fear of heights, and a

brush with altitude sickness – at much less impressive altitudes

– are my excuses. But it’s been my lifelong landmark: Mt.

Kilimanjaro has always been a beacon, an exclamation of

“you’re home!” I can pick it out from miles away. I point it out

to a visitor; it appears suspended above the plains, like a

ghost.

“See it?” I ask.

“No,” they say, frowning.

I lean in towards them and point, arm outstretched.

“There,” I say. “See, there?”

My visitor tilts forward, eyes squinting, palm to brow.

“Maybe?” they offer hesitantly.

“There,” I say, trying not to sound impatient. “Look. Between

those hills, to the right of the big tree.”

And then, Mt. Kilimanjaro finally reveals herself, rippling

forward, an icy head thrown back, blue shoulders shrugging;

she doesn’t care if my visitor sees her or not. The frill of cloud

about her middle is what gives her away.

“Oh wow! I see her.” And in the setting sun, Africa’s highest

mountain blushes with the attention. Even seeming to be invisible,

it’s glorious, especially from the security of thousands of

metres below.

According to Seamus Brice-Bennett of Marangu Hotel,

standing at the summit of the mountain is even more impressive.

“It gives one a great sense of privilege,” he says. “The

view outwards is not so different to the view from an aircraft

window, but the view of the crater is magnificent. A little over

2 km in diameter, one realises that only a very small percentage

of the Earth’s population has ever seen that view.”

Brice-Bennett’s family has run mountain trips since the 1950s;

he himself has climbed the mountain 25 times.

HIGH SOCIETY

To climb Mt. Kilimanjaro is to retrace thousands of

historical footsteps. The indigenous Maasai and Chagga

clans, among many others, once had their own strictly defined

territories on the southern and eastern slopes of the mountain.

Today, indigenous people from all over Tanzania live

and work peacefully together on the mountain. >

“It rises suddenly and spectacularly from the dusty

Maasai Steppe”

Where to stay

MT. KILIMANJARO

Marangu Hotel features rustic

cottages on its grounds, and the

hotel can arrange daytrips.

maranguhotel.com

Tranquil Aishi Machame Hotel offers

an inspiring view of the mountain.

aishi-machame.com

Rooms at Babylon Lodge are

surrounded by lush gardens.

babylonlodge.com

The atmospheric Ameg Lodge, close

to Moshi town centre, offers a wide

range of excursions.

ameglodge.com

Above: A resting porter

on Mt. Kilimanjaro’s

Machame Route (top

left); A tent on Mt.

Kilimanjaro (top right); A

group of Dendrosenecio

plants on the slopes of

Mt. Kilimanjaro (bottom).

Right page: Mt.

Kilimanjaro seen from

Moshi, Tanzania (top);

Vegetation in Arusha

National Park, Tanzania

(bottom left); Amboseli

National Park in southern

Kenya (bottom right).

Stocksy, Alamy, Unsplash, Getty Images, eStock Photo, Ian Cumming


28 / TRAVEL / Tanzania

TRAVEL / 29

Hikers at

sunset on Mt.

Kilimanjaro

“When early explorers espied

Mt. Kilimanjaro, they rubbed

their eyes, thinking they were

seeing things”

Stocksy


30 / TRAVEL / Tanzania

TRAVEL / 31

Left page: Coming into

Stone Town by boat (top);

A crab on the beach in

Zanzibar (bottom left);

Outrigger sailing canoes in

Zanzibar (bottom right).

Right: The Rock

restaurant, Zanzibar

ander beeld

Stocksy, Alamy, CJ Eklund, Sarah Coghill

In Western literature, the mountain was first described in

the second century by Ptolemy, the Alexandrian astronomer,

who referred to a great snowy mountain on the coast of “Azania”.

And 700 years ago, Arab and Chinese traders mentioned

a mountain west of Zanzibar, while in 1519, the Portuguese

noted a high mountain, west of Mombasa. But it was not until

the 19th century, with the arrival of explorers and missionaries,

that these allusions were confirmed to the outside world.

Hans Meyer, a German geographer, was the first European

to reach the mountain’s summit, Kibo, successfully. He did it

in 1889 with Ludwig Purtscheller, his Austrian guide and the

foremost alpinist of his day. The final ascent involved roping

up and cutting steps into the ice for three hours to reach the

crater rim. The effects of erosion and global warming mean

that, today, you can just hike up.

Some 30,000 people climb Mt. Kilimanjaro each year,

using one of a choice of six routes. “No route is better than

another; they’re just different,” says Brice-Bennett, who first

climbed the Machame route in 1993. “My little climbing party

was the only one on the mountain. Now, Machame is the

busiest route. It’s spectacular, with great deep valleys and

views of Kibo’s Western Breach when it’s clear. But the

Mawenzi side of the mountain – the Marangu and Rongai

routes – are so beautiful because that side has had less recent

volcanic activity, so the soil has had time to become fertile,

producing an abundance of vegetation.”

BACK ON THE GROUND

For those of us who are happier at sea level, Zanzibar is a

far less angst-inducing option.

This island, which is part of an archipelago, is around 50

km from Tanzania’s mainland, and is reachable by air or fast

ferry. Just 96 km at its longest and 32 km at its widest, Zanzibar

is laced with beautiful salt-white beaches, of which Nungwi,

Matemwe, Jambiani and Bwejuu are considered the loveliest.

Zanzibar boasts much more than sea, sand and sun, however.

It also bears a colourful and sometimes cruel history.

Seyyid Said bin Sultan was the ruler of Oman, but moved his

capital from Muscat to Zanzibar’s Stone Town in 1840. During

his reign, Zanzibar was the most important town in the region,

and was famous for its spices. In 1890, at the request of the

sultan, the island was placed under British protection, and a

year later, it was proclaimed a British protectorate, eventually

becoming an independent state in 1963. The following year, the

sitting sultan was deposed in the violent Zanzibar Revolution:

the government was overthrown and Zanzibar was declared a

republic.

This condensed and chaotic period in history is headily

evident in the capital, Stone Town, which was declared a

UNESCO Cultural Heritage Centre in 2000. It’s imbued with

an Arab flavour that exceeds the African; don’t head to the

island’s beaches without at least one night here. It’s steeped

in history: from the sultans of old to more recently; Freddie

Mercury of rock band Queen was born here in 1946. >

“Zanzibar boasts much more than sea, sand

and sun, however. It also bears a colourful and

sometimes cruel history”

Climbing Mt.

Kilimanjaro

The key to the climb is to be prepared,

and to go slowly, allowing

yourself time to acclimatise.

Top gear

Source a reputable outfitter for your climb; there

are more than 300 to choose from. Marangu

Hotel (maranguhotel.com) is among the most

seasoned, and SENE (Summit Expeditions &

Nomadic Experience; nomadicexperience.com)

is well-regarded. Or check with the Kilimanjaro

Porters Assistance Project (kiliporters.org).

Head in the clouds

Climbers should have a moderate-to-good

level of fitness, since you’re hiking for up to

eight hours each day. Altitude sickness is quite

common, but medications are readily available

to alleviate symptoms.

Dress for success

Dressing in layers for the climb is advised.

During the first two days, shorts and T-shirts

are fine, but by the third day of the climb, it can

be very windy, with the temperature falling to

freezing at night. And high-quality, waterproof

hiking boots are essential.


32 / TRAVEL / Tanzania

TRAVEL / 33

Left: Men playing a game

called bao, in Mkokotoni

village, Zanzibar (top);

Bungalows in Coral

Rag Forest on Chumbe

Island, Zanzibar (bottom

left); Boats on Stone

Town beach, Zanzibar

(bottom right).

Right: Local women

collecting seaweed near

Nungwi, Zanzibar (top);

Fresh peas on a market

stall (bottom left); A

cyclist in Stone Town,

Zanzibar (bottom right).

“A fleet of ngalawas – local fishing boats – goes out

every day; my favourite moment is when at twilight,

like a host of white butterflies, they sail back”

Where to stay

ZANZIBAR

Luxurious Matemwe Retreat at the top end

of a beach has villas among the palm trees.

asiliaafrica.com

Laid-back Kendwa Rocks in the north is

famous for its full-moon parties.

kendwarocks.com

Family-run Flame Tree Cottages in Nungwi

provides yoga retreats.

flametreecottages.com

In the southeast, high-end Upendo Lodge

offers glorious private villas.

upendozanzibar.com

STONE TOWN

The high-end Hyatt offers a great breakfast.

hyatt.com

Atmospheric Emerson Spice is the former

home of a spice merchant.

emersonspice.com

Stone Town Cafe B&B is cheap and cheerful.

stonetowncafe.com

Once you have experienced Stone Town’s colourful chaos,

discover the lush depths of the island, where you’ll find exotic

fruits such as tart soursop, jackfruit, blood-red spiky rambutan,

soft-fleshed Zanzibar apples, as well as trees strung with

vanilla and pepper vines, running amok. They say that if you

stand still here for long enough, a black pepper vine (pilipili

manga) will attach itself to you.

ISLAND PARADISE

And then you can escape to the beach. Zanzibar’s beaches

are all very different, depending on where on the island you are.

Kendwa and Nungwi, at the island’s northern tip, offer beautiful

white beaches that are great for swimming and water sports;

and as a result can be very busy with tourists and beach vendors.

Not far away, Matemwe, which is home to a traditional

fishing village vibe, maybe not be as pretty as Kendwa but it’s

still relatively untouched by tourism. A little further down, the

Michamvi Peninsula also boasts powder-white beaches and is

perfect for both sunrises and sunsets.

Island insiders, though, tout Jambiani – in the southeast

– as the loveliest. The beaches are long, wide and white but

quieter because they’re subject to the tides; swimming and

water sports are restricted during low water. According to a

local, because it’s still a village, islanders come out to enjoy the

beach every evening: they dance and play football. “A fleet of

ngalawas – local fishing boats – goes out every day; my favourite

moment is when at twilight, like a host of white butterflies,

they sail back,” he says.

DAY TRIPPING

A number of islands off Zanzibar – Prison, Bawe and

Chumbe – can be visited as day trips. But, if you want to see

Chapwani, a private, five-hectare island northwest of Zanzibar

town, or the tiny, romantic Mnemba, famous for its marine

conservation, you’ll need to be staying on them.

Award-winning Chumbe is a favourite. It embraces the

world’s first privately managed marine conservation area and

features an award-winning eco lodge. Coupled with the island’s

history, the enormous coconut crabs that inhabit this

little place and the rare, forest-dwelling Aders duiker, and

you’ve got an incredible experience. Chumbe is characterised

by Chumbe Lighthouse. Built in 1904 by the British, it has a

place in the annals of maritime history, witnessing events such

as the famous sea battle between the Königsberg and HMS

Pegasus in 1914. Fitted with gas in 1926, the lighthouse still

works today and winks encouragingly all night long at the

dhows that ply these island-filled waters.


Plan your trip

Book your flight to Tanzania

on kenya-airways.com

Sarah Coghill, Alamy, Stocksy, Stocksy


34 / TRAVEL / Facts

They say not to judge a book by

its cover, so next time you look at

an aircraft’s nose remember the

amount of data collection and

processing it does.

The Nose

The nose is important for

streamlining the aircraft so it can

fly through the relative airflow.

The nose of an aircraft is

often called a radome.

The cone of a

commercial airliner,

which is made of

strong materials, is

normally dielectric

with a slightly

concave shape.

There are six protruding

probes on the external

part of the nose that

sense airspeed and

altitude, and send this

information to the flight

computer for monitoring.

“It may not be as obvious as the landing gear or the wings, but the

nose is very important,” says First Officer Maria Barmao. “For example,

it streamlines the aircraft so it can travel through the relative airflow

efficiently, and it houses the weather radar system’s antenna, which helps

the pilots to avoid bad weather.”

Also called a radome, the nose has an aerodynamic cone shape that

reduces drag, allowing the aircraft to push through the air around it, just

like the bow enables a ship to move through water. This improves fuel

efficiency and engine life since you need less power to acquire the same

lift as you would with a square-shaped one. “The nose comes in different

shapes depending on the required performance,” says Barmao. “For

instance, there’s the sandwich shape, which is more pointed and is used

on military aircraft for high speed and better performance, or the dielectric

cone, which is more concave and is mostly used by airliners. Both are

made up of strong materials that can withstand extreme temperatures at

cruising altitudes, survive flights through heavy rain or hail, withstand bird

strikes and maintain safety through a lightning strike.”

Barmao explains that the tough structure can include a pressurised upper

zone, where the flight deck is situated, and a lower unpressurised zone,

which houses the nose landing gear that retracts during take-off and

extends during landing; on the ground, the nose steering wheel controls

the movement of the nose. Mid-flight, the rudder, which is a component

in the tail section, helps the nose to turn in the direction commanded

by the pilot or autopilot. “The lower zone also contains the avionics, or

aviation electronics, which control the navigation, communication, weather

monitoring – of up to hundreds of kilometres – as well as the Traffic

Collision Avoidance System, which is used by modern airliners to prevent

collision with other aircraft, especially in busy airspace,” adds Barmao.

text: Annette Lavrijsen image: Mukarram Bakirali


36 / PEOPLE / Influencers

PEOPLE / 37

Thought

Leaders

Speaking with substance is winning hearts and

minds on social channels. Meet the media

mavens who are giving a whole new definition

to the term INFLUENCER.

text Eromo Egbejule

Nancy

Kacungira

Age

32

Born

Arusha, Tanzania

Hometown

Nairobi, Kenya

Achievements

BBC World News Komla Dumor Award

(2015)

Online

@kacungira

@nkacungira

kacungira.com

Ace broadcaster Nancy Kacungira had stints

working at NTV Uganda and KTN News Kenya,

but now she’s a BBC News journalist based in

Nairobi.

Kacungira uses her skyrocketing social media

status to write about travel experiences, women’s

rights, and racism. In 2015, she won the inaugural

edition of the BBC World News Komla Dumor

Award, an initiative to honour the most outstanding

African journalist of the year, named after the late

Ghanaian broadcaster who died in 2014.

The self-proclaimed Pan-Africanist has risen to

become one of East Africa’s most noticeable characters

in the social stratosphere, despite having a

relatively modest following on Twitter, Facebook

and Instagram (100,000+). She regularly posts with

an air of no-nonsense sanguinity spanning topics

such as the rights of women and girls, the reality of

working in your dream job every day and Africans

achieving great things; all while shining a light on

continental challenges. “On social media, I find

myself channelling African perspectives that breed

positive activism and optimism because those are

values I’m passionate about,” says Kacungira.

“I don’t want to be famous, I want to be useful.”

Kacungira runs a mentorship programme for

young women in Uganda, and offers a series of

training workshops on a volunteer basis. She’s also

an avid supporter of the Bless A Child Foundation

in Kampala, which provides free accommodation,

food and specialised care for children living in rural

areas who visit the city to get cancer treatment.

“I don’t want to

be famous, I want

to be useful”


38 / PEOPLE / Influencers

PEOPLE / 39

Japheth “JJ”

Omojuwa

Age

34

Born

Lagos, Nigeria

Hometown

Lagos/Abuja, Nigeria

Achievements

His book, Digital: The New Code of

Wealth, which was published in July;

received a Chevening Scholarship to

study Behaviour Change at University

College London (2019);

Best Twitter Personality in Africa at

the African Blogger Awards (2016);

selected for the International Visitors

Leadership Program (2016).

Online

@Omojuwa

@JJomojuwa

omojuwa.com

Anuel Modebe

Mukhatshelwa

“Katchie”

Nzama

Age

30

Born

Venda, South Africa

Hometown

Johannesburg, South Africa

Achievements

Among the Mail & Guardian’s 200 Most Influential

Youths (2016) and the Top 100 Women in Tourism

(2017)

Online

@TheSoloWandera

travelwithkatchie.com

“When you’re defending or fighting for a cause,

it’s rarely a tea party”

“Honestly, if we knew each other better,

we’d be so much further ahead”

JAPHETH OMOJUWA’S disposition on social media is one

of a feisty firebrand who riles governments, and campaigns for

change with the backing of his 680,000+ Twitter followers.

The Nigerian blogger and public speaker uses his social

media platforms and website to promote youth empowerment,

sports, political debate and philanthropy, but he rejects the

“activist” label.

“I generally just don’t like labels because once people fit

you into a box, you have a hard time fighting to get out of that

box,” says Omojuwa. “But whatever I’m up to at any time, I

will always be a change advocate...‘Behaviour change’ is my

next career.” And true to his word, Omojuwa was one of the

spearheads of the prevalent #OccupyNigeria protests against a

fuel subsidy scam and corruption in Nigeria’s oil sector in 2012.

A veteran of digital interaction, Omojuwa admits that he’s

learnt to be discerning, but he appreciates that great advocacy

sometimes comes with towing the line. “There are some

advocacies that don’t allow for you to mince your words.

When you’re defending or fighting for a cause, it’s rarely a

tea party…you get some people angry, but you aren’t going

to stop because you’re also aware that the essence of your

quest benefits more people than those who are angry. I don’t

need anyone’s permission to set sail once I believe it’s time to

move.”

Omojuwa’s life offline supports his robust online persona.

He once lectured for six months at Freie Universität Berlin,

sharing his wisdom on democracy in Africa. He’s also the

founder and chief strategist at Alpha Reach – a digital media

consultancy – and founder of the Omojuwa Foundation,

through which he disburses grants to small-business owners.

ONE OF the best-known travel bloggers in Africa,

Mukhatshelwa Nzama has valiantly wandered solo across 35

African countries; forever curious about her home continent.

A few years ago, she embarked on her most daring backpacking

escapade yet, travelling all the way from Cape Town to

Cairo in order to highlight the blessings and curses of intra-

Africa travel.

Nzama is known for her provocative and honest take on

African travel issues – such as internal visa costs – that are

usually clouded in secrecy, making her both loved and hated

(in equal measure) on social media platforms. She remains

habitually indifferent, tweeting about cuisine, music and other

aspects of culture in several languages.

Her incessant wanderlust, need to tweet and experimental

tendencies while roaming in Africa – particularly where it’s

difficult to do so – comes from a deep-seated desire to decolonise

African travel. “I’m rewriting how we, as Africans,

change and document our country…promoting Africa to

Africans and hoping to inspire more Africans to travel Africa

and learn more about each other, so we’re not ignorant sods

about each other anymore. Honestly, if we knew each other

better, we’d be so much further ahead as a continent.”

Currently exploring South Africa’s novel craft breweries,

Nzama finds it hard to pick a stand-out travel experience. “I

have so many: the absolute unconditional love I got from

strangers as I travelled alone, and from those who housed me,

fed me, and protected and stood up for me.”


40 / PEOPLE / Influencers

PEOPLE / 41

Rebecca

Enonchong

Larry

Madowo

Age

52

Age

32

Born

Yaounde, Cameroon

Born

Siaya, Kenya

Hometown

Douala, Cameroon & Washington D.C., US

Hometown

Nairobi, Kenya & London, UK

Achievements

Judge (Africa Prize for Engineering Innovation);

named a Global Leader for Tomorrow by the World

Economic Forum of Davos (2002); one of Forbes’ 10

Female Tech Founders To Watch In Africa (2014);

one of New African magazine’s 50 Leading Women in

Business (2014 & 2013)

Achievements

Among New African’s 100 Most Influential Africans of

the Year (2018)

Online

@LarryMadowo

Online

@africatechie

@techiefoodie

Jean Marc Ferré

Armstrong Kweyu Kiprotich

“Hopefully, young people, especially women and girls, will see

that being a tech entrepreneur is both desirable and attainable”

“Our job as reporters is to record history,

whether the government of the day approves it or not”

IN 2019, the World Bank called her a “heavyweight in

African tech”. Rebecca Enonchong, who’s the founder and

CEO of AppsTech, an enterprise application solutions provider,

is also one of the judges of the Africa Prize for Engineering

Innovation and a member of the UK government’s Department

for International Development’s Digital Advisory Panel.

Born and raised in Cameroon but educated abroad – with

two degrees from The Catholic University of America in Washington

D.C. – Enonchong is keen to pass on the mantle of

knowledge to her compatriots at home. She uses her social

channels to bring topics such as education for girls, African

tech and Cameroon’s anglophone crisis to the table. “I’m

passionate about tech and its potential in helping to build our

continent. I use Twitter to share this passion and exchange with

others,” she says. The “others” being her 84,000+ followers.

Beyond the Internet, she’s also heavily involved in

mentoring and offline advocacy, in a drive to get more young

people into tech entrepreneurship, as well as science, technology,

engineering and mathematics subjects. Enonchong

has also cofounded Cameroon Angels – a network of angel

investors supporting startups in her homeland – and African

Business Angels Network, a continental equivalent. “All

these organisations promote and support tech entrepreneurship

in Africa,” she says.

In her (not so) spare time she also chairs the boards of

ActivSpaces incubator and coworking space in Cameroon

as well as being an active member of iamtheCODE, an

African-led global movement that supports girls in – among

other things – learning how to code.

LARRY MADOWO is the crème de la crème of digital

superstars (even by Kenya’s glistening standards), packing a

healthy 1.7 million+ followers on Twitter alone. Still, he refuses

to be categorised as a social media influencer, with the capacity

to boost advocacy campaigns (as he usually does). “I’m a digital

native,” he says.

The BBC Africa Business Editor and contributing columnist

for The Washington Post consistently tweets his views on

politics, culture, business and food – including eating a mouse

recently in Malawi – sharing his journeys in English, Swahili,

French, Luo and Kikuyu. His work has appeared on various

media platforms, including CNN International, Al Jazeera

English, BBC World, Channel 4 News, Forbes, The Guardian,

Financial Times, Public Radio International, ABC News Australia

and Ireland’s RTÉ.

Madowo has reported from more than 40 countries, and

he’s interviewed some of the world’s most prominent business,

political and cultural leaders. Earlier this year, he hosted the

Global Mobile Awards and the Mobile World Congress 2019

in Barcelona. In the process, he rubbed shoulders with worldfamous

social humanoid robot, Sophia.

Madowo is now considered to be one of Africa’s most

popular journalists. It’s a far cry from the days when he was

forced to ditch university because he couldn’t pay the fees.

Having returned to complete his degree in 2014, this summer

he’s returning to school again because he has been chosen as

one of 10 fellows of Columbia Journalism School’s 2019

Knight-Bagehot Fellowship: a prestigious global journalism

programme created in response to the growing demand for

reporters to cover the fields of business and economics.


42 / TRAVEL / Tips

Bird’s-eye view

What could be more thrilling than

taking your safari to the skies in

a hot-air balloon, 300 m up? For

this once-in-a-lifetime experience,

there are no half measures: think

sunrise over the savannah, a

Champagne touchdown and plenty

of local charm.

River-crossing camp

Undeniably the most theatrical

moment on the migration, watch

some 1.7 million wildebeest

go head-to-head with the lethal

Nile crocodiles at they cross the

the Maasai Mara River. Postshowdown,

retreat to your luxury

tent at Sala’s Camp in Kenya,

where your welcoming shelter will

leave you supremely serene.

Horseback adventure

The Serengeti-Maasai Mara

ecosystem is vast, spanning some

40,000 sq km across the border

between Kenya and Tanzania. Its

inhabitants include every kind

of predator imaginable, from

cheetahs and hyenas to lions,

leopards and crocodiles. Blend in

with the hoofed crowd and gallop

on horseback through Maasai

territory, where nomadic tribes

have embraced a unique existence

for centuries.

Front-row seats

Surrounded by a lush spread of

sun-drenched plains, Keekorok

Lodge is a breathtaking place to

spend the night. Situated in the

direct path of the amazing animal

migration, the lodge opened

in 1962, making it the oldest

property in the Maasai Mara

National Reserve. Enjoy rooms

that have private balconies with

views of the surrounding wildlife.

There's also an outdoor swimming

pool at the lodge.

Movers And

Shakers

One of the greatest shows on Earth,

the annual wildebeest migration

– from the Serengeti to the Maasai Mara –

calls for a spectacular vantage point.

Here are four of the best.

Text: Martha Shardalow, Emma van Egmond Image: Getty images


44 / TREND / Consumer banking

TREND / 45

Bank on It

As the global CONSUMER BANKING

industry begins to recover from a

widespread slow down, all eyes are on

Africa because it’s ahead and

accelerating.

text Andrea Dijkstra

ACCORDING TO the 2018 McKinsey report, Roaring to

life: Growth and innovation in African retail banking, Africa’s

consumer banking market was the world’s second-fastest

growing and second-most profitable last year. The key statistic

here is return on equity (a surefire measure of success), which is

nearly 15 percent for banks in Africa, more than double that of

banks in developed markets across Asia, Europe and the US. If

that’s not enough to salute the underdog, Africa’s retail banking

industry is predicted to grow at an annual rate of 8.5 percent

over the next five years, compared to 4.5 percent for banks in

developed countries.

With what would seem like a wealth of immovable challenges

in Africa – including heavy use of cash, low levels of banking

penetration, sparse credit bureau coverage and limited branch

and ATM networks – you’d be forgiven for asking if the numbers

are wrong. That’s where things get interesting. What if these

same weak spots could reveal the answer to the problem, result in

a shift in numbers, and ultimately forge a new worldwide trend?

AFRICA’S BANKING REVOLUTION

Amid new technologies that have changed the way consumers

manage their money and pay for things, the traditional bank

in the US has – until last year – been in decline. In fact, branches

have been closing at a rapid pace, with 1,771 closing in 2017

alone. Africa, in contrast, is in the midst of a historic acceleration

– foot on the gas, hand in the pocket – that’s creating an

emerging consumer class while propelling economic growth. And

the figures speak for themselves: the number of people becoming

banked has grown from 170 million in 2012 to 300 million in

2017. So Africa is doing something right. But what? >

Five financial services to watch

• Mowali is a continent-wide mobile money

infrastructure, founded by MTN and Orange,

It allows users to send money between any

mobile money providers in Africa, including

banks, money transfer operators and other

financial service providers.

• Fuliza (Kenya) is an overdraft facility from

M-PESA in partnership with Commercial

Bank of Africa (CBA) that funds the deficit

in case you want to buy an item but your

M-PESA account does not have sufficient

funds. Fuliza deducts the loan plus interest

as soon as your account is loaded again.

• Paystack (Nigeria) is an online payment

gateway that you can install on your

website, so anyone anywhere in the world

can pay you via credit card, debit card,

money transfer or mobile money.

• UbaPesa (Kenya) is a peer-to-peer money

market app that provides an automated

matching of borrowing and lending

requests with money being disbursed within

seconds to a borrower’s M-PESA account.

• Geopay (South Africa) is First National

Bank’s geo payments app, which allows

payments between any users within

500 m of one another, and it has gained

1.5 million+ active users since its launch

in 2012.

Alamy


46 / TREND / Consumer banking

TREND / 47

Stocksy

13

The volume of cashless transactions in

Africa grew by 13% per annum

between 2014 and 2016

86

Africa’s banking market earns approx.

US$86 billion in revenue

100

In Africa today, there are 100 million active

mobile money accounts

129

The revenue from consumer banking in

Africa is expected to reach US$129 billion

in a recent interview with Techmoran. It’s a sign that international

banks are jumping on the bandwagon; in this case, with the help

of YUP, another mobile alternative to the traditional banking

model. “We want to be part of this revolution by offering a simple

transactional tool that’s accessible to all citizens, including the

80 percent who don’t have bank accounts.”

HOT ON THEIR HEELS

A number of the continent’s leading banks have been making

progress through end-to-end digital transformation, sales

productivity and back-office optimisation. A few others have

even launched fully digital banks, such as ALAT bank in Nigeria,

which targets younger customers who are an underserved

segment in Africa’s largest economy, where more than half of

the population is under 30. Some international banks are also

going digital in Africa. The UK’s Standard Chartered Bank, for

example, has opened digital banks in Côte d’Ivoire, Uganda,

Tanzania, Ghana and Kenya. The freshly introduced, fully

digital online banking solution enables customers to open their

own accounts in 15 minutes without ever having to step into a

banking hall.

With fierce competition from non-bank lenders – think

smartphone apps like Saida in Kenya and Aella Credit in Nigeria

– there’s no doubt that the banks still have work to do. This is

good news for African consumers who are finally getting access

to a wide variety of affordable and easily accessible mobile and

digital financial products, not only in payments and deposits,

but across the full spectrum of financial services. It’s fair to

conclude – as Managing Executive, Consumer Banking at Nedbank

Mutsa Chironga does – that today, “Africa’s banking

markets are among the most exciting in the world.”

“In Kenya, international banks were the leading players in

the market for a long time,” says Jared Osoro, Director of the

Kenya Bankers Association Centre for Research on Financial

Markets and Policy. “They used an international lens to simultaneously

look at local and economic dynamics therefore missing

crucial opportunities.”

Yet, in the last 15 years, the local banks have made a comeback.

“They better understand the behaviour of local people,

are quick to embrace mobile money technology [an area in

which Africa is a global leader] and are never short of clever

solutions that fit the market,” adds Osoro, before pointing to a

telling example: the partnership between Kenya’s Commercial

Bank of Africa (CBA) and Safaricom.

MOBILE LOANS

One of the country’s top performing banks in recent years,

CBA knows where the business opportunities lie. By joining

forces with the Nairobi-based telecom giant, the CBA was able

to roll out M-Shwari: a low-cost mobile phone service for micro

loans and savings. Made possible via Safaricom’s ubiquitous

mobile money service M-PESA, customers can borrow between

US$1 and US$500 at a flat rate of 7.5 percent. CBA offers

better interest rates – and higher credits – to customers who

exhibit good savings and loan repayment behaviour. And how

do they keep track of all of this? Through nifty telecommunications

data, of course.

In response, other banks are launching mobile solutions in

cooperation with Mobile Network Operators, such as KCB

Mobi loan from Kenya Commercial Bank (KCB), Eazzy

Loans from Equity Bank, Y’ello from Nigeria’s Diamond

Bank, MoMo Kash from Bridge Bank in Côte d’Ivoire, and

Pan-African banking leader Ecobank, which offers mobile

“Africa is inventing

the future of banking”

– Alexandre Maymat –

Société Générale

banking in many African countries through an arrangement

with the French telco, Orange. “Thanks to the sharp rise of

mobile financial services, millions of low-income, previously

un-banked Africans are suddenly getting access to affordable

banking products, and they’re starting to appreciate the essence

of acting in the financial market,” says Osoro.

THE FUTURE IS DIGITAL

Off the back of M-Shwari and other digital services, CBA

has rapidly expanded its customer base while launching comparable

mobile banking platforms in Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda

and Côte d’Ivoire. KCB Group – a banking institution turned

holding company – has attracted more than 10 million new

customers through its mobile banking platforms in the past five

years, with an 84 percent growth in mobile loans and advances.

“Africa is inventing the future of banking,” said Head of

Africa International Retail Banking for Africa, the Mediterranean

Basin & Overseas at Société Générale Alexandre Maymat

by 2022

282

Over half of the 282 mobile money

services operating worldwide are located in

Sub-Saharan Africa

300

The number of people becoming

banked grew by from 170 million in 2012

to 300 million in 2017

450

By 2022, 450 million Africans will be

banked, which will be close to half the

population of Africa

“What if these same weak

spots could reveal the answer

to the problem?”

ANP


48 / BUSINESS / Book review

Essentials / TRAVEL / 49

Thailand, which was called

Siam until 1939, was never

colonised by Europeans.

Packing for Bangkok

Bangkok has a population of over

eight million people.

Disrupt It Yourself:

Eight Ways To Hack

A Better Business

– Before The

Competition Does

Author

Simone Bhan Ahuja

“The only way

to win is to invent

the future”

Companies such as Amazon, Netflix and

Uber have created entire new industries

seemingly overnight. The best way to stay

on top? Innovate from within. Disrupt It

Yourself pinpoints how. Check out these

excerpts from the book.

The most fashionable

travellers never leave

without these city

guides by famous

fashion house,

Louis Vuitton.

US$37.

Rubber flipflops

by the

legendary

Havaianas.

US$26.

5-in-1 box travel

adapter: possibly

the world’s most

comprehensive

charging device.

Flight 001,

US$35.

Silk necklace with

a metal pendant

resembling a beachy

souvenir. Rixo

US$140.

Publisher

Harper Collins Leadership

Bio

Innovation specialist Dr. Simone Ahuja

has served as an advisor to the Centre

for India & Global Business at Judge

Business School and the University

of Cambridge. She provides advisory

services to Fortune 100 companies,

including PepsiCo and Procter &

Gamble.

Pages

256

Summary

Modern companies need to learn how

to disrupt themselves, reinventing

their business as needed before some

fast-moving startup does. Drawing

on extensive research, this new book

reveals eight principles that help

innovation to flourish, harnessing the

creativity and knowledge of employees

at every level.

#1 Keep It Frugal

“Many successful Disrupt It Yourself

initiatives have been pet projects

pursued on shoestring budgets, if any

budget at all.” Funding constraints

stimulate creativity, forcing people to

be more resourceful, and a large budget

can actually hamper innovation

because, “Well-resourced projects invite

more scrutiny…are subject to more

interference.” For maximum agility, go

for, “Simple tools, small budgets and

human ingenuity.”

#2 Don’t Ask for Permission

“Ask for forgiveness, not for permission”

is the classic motto for every

“intrapreneur”. Intrapreneurs are

people who, “Despite being employees,

behave in many ways like entrepreneurs.”

Modern companies need to

support such behaviour. “I see the

companies most focused on innovative

disruption bending their own rules

to allow people to take their ideas

further.” Training managers to say

“yes” to new initiatives more often,

and organising regular “hackathons”

helps.

#3 Let Customers Lead

Are customers invited into your innovation

process? If not, make it happen.

“One of the greatest advantages that

intrapreneurs have over entrepreneurs

is access to a large base of customers.”

This is incredibly important because,

“The insights a team can gain by interacting

with real potential buyers and

beneficiaries of its solution make all

the difference to whether that solution

will prove valuable.”

Executive Scorecard

At the end of every chapter of

the book, there’s an Executive

Scorecard, comprising of a

series of questions that you

can ask yourself to determine

to what extent you facilitate

innovation in your business. Is

there room for improvement?

Text: Annemarie Hoeve

Selection: Gijsje Ribbens

Polyester and cotton backpack Abisko

Hike 35 by the cult backpack brand:

Fjällräven. US$150.

Waterproof compact camera FinePix

XP140 takes the best underwater shots

of the Gulf of Thailand. Fujifilm, US$199.

Be the best-dressed

and best-camouflaged

person in Bangkok with

this viscose Kaftan

dress. H&M, US$35.

This 3rd Generation

Travel Padlock will

keep your beloved

goods private.

eGeeTouch, US$37.

Defy the Thai sun with these

pitch-black Pete sunglasses.

Ace & Tate, US$110.

These swimming shorts,

which are called “the

Lagoons”, are available

in several colours. Mr

Marvis, US$89.


50 / BUSINESS / Country at a glance BUSINESS /51

At a glance

Mali

Have a closer look at the potential of Mali.

The most relevant FACTS AND FIGURES,

touristic attractions and social trends of today.

text Yvette Bax infographics Chantal van Wessel/Vizualism


52 / BUSINESS / Artificial intelligence

BUSINESS / 53

OUT OF

YOUR MIND

Having emerged in technologies that make our

lives easier, artificial intelligence (AI) has now

entered its next development phase, and Africa is

the focal point.

text Jackie Snow

Istock

MOST PEOPLE go to the cinema to

be entertained and perhaps “suspend

their disbelief” for a while. But, when

Irving Amukasa went to see the film,

Avengers: Age of Ultron, rather than

escape the real world, he was inspired to

take action in it. As he left the theatre,

Amukasa had an idea: he wanted to

build chatbots. The 2015 superhero film’s

chatty AI character was unlike anything

he’d ever seen before, and still only 19

years old at the time, Amukasa wanted

to find out if he could build something

even remotely like it.

WEIRD SCIENCE

After a couple of experiments, in

2017 he built SophieBot: a chatbot that

uses natural language processing (NLP)

to answer sexual health questions that

young people might be embarrassed to

ask humans. While SophieBot isn’t

groundbreaking as a technology (it’s

known as the “Siri for sexual and reproductive

health information”) the chatbot’s

success in terms of its practical use

of NLP is impressive. Hitting on a niche

in the market and providing a robust

body of knowledge (SophieBot can now

answer 30,000 queries) has turned the

chatbot into an early success story. Even

though Amukasa was inspired to create

it for his native Kenya, he said that people

from India, Germany and the US are

also using SophieBot. “This problem is

bigger than just the people we are building

it for, and has implications for all

over the world,” says Amukasa. With

more advanced AI technology in the

works that would make it even better at

answering questions, the future looks

bright for the chatbot.

AI is transforming the world. This

technology is different from past computer

programs, where a programmer

uses code to tell a computer explicitly

what to do. AI strives to let machines

learn on their own, mimicking human

intelligence. Currently, most AI needs

millions of data points, advanced algorithms,

and fast computer processors

that can crunch information to come up

with answers and predictions. Although

this can be a complicated process to pull

off, a report by the World Wide Web

Foundation found that, on the continent,

“AI is being used to circumvent existing

economic inefficiencies and to improve

access to public and private services.”

BRAIN RAIN

Due to a shortage of AI workers,

companies worldwide are on the hunt.

And much of the potential comes from

Africa, where a young population – 60

percent of its 1.2 billion residents under

age 24 – is coinciding with new AI education

programmes. For example, the Center

for Artificial Intelligence Research in

South Africa operates a research network

with “nodes” at five universities across

the country, and last year, the University

of Lagos (in Nigeria) launched its AI

Hub, which will concentrate on deep

learning: one of the most advanced types

of AI. Furthermore, Nairobi’s Strathmore

University has established the @

iLabAfrica, a research centre that focusses

on cutting-edge research in AI. Brian

Njogholo, a consultant and part-time

professor at @iLabAfrica, helped launch

an AI course after he saw the enthusiasm

for the technology in his own day-to-day

work. “We had to turn some students

down,” he says. “There’s a lot of room to

grow and a lot of opportunity.”

Owing to Africa’s rich source of

manpower, Google recently opened its

first African AI Research Lab in Accra,

Ghana, while IBM Research Africa has

locations in Kenya and South Africa that

will work on both applied technology

and research. Microsoft plans to spend

US$100 million over the next five years

on African Development Centers in

Nairobi and Lagos that will have a significant

focus on AI. The Netherlandsbased

AI firm SingularityNET has also

been drawn to Africa; it has an office in

Ethiopia and its CEO, Ben Goertzel, says

that the company wants to make more

connections across African tech hubs

after the success of the first office.

Conferences are coming to Africa as

well. Organisers for the International

Conference on Learning Representations,

one of the premier AI gatherings,

announced that the 2020 event will be

in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. It’s an effort

to collaborate and make it easier for >

“AI is being used to circumvent existing

economic inefficiencies and improve access to

public and private services”

Kenyan AI projects

Vital Signs analyses pixels from satellite imagery data to estimate rainfall and droughts for better

risk management in the agriculture sector.

Arifu sends personalised advice via free text messages on topics such as entrepreneurship,

financial management and nutrition.

FarmDrive offers credit to

M shule

farmers after analysing data,

such as the size of property,

location and crops to come

up with the risk score and

appropriate interest rates.

Maramoja is an Uber-like

transportation company

that builds trust with users

by partnering them with

drivers who share their social

connections.

M-Shule is a mobile learning

management platform

that uses AI to improve

performance for primaryschool

students across Africa.


54 / BUSINESS / Artificial intelligence

“Google recently

opened its first

African AI Research

Lab in Accra”

researchers that might have a hard time

getting visas for Western countries, a

problem for African researchers at recent

Canada and US meetings. Another

remedy for this is a homegrown event

called Deep Learning Indaba, which will

have its third annual conference in Nairobi

this month. One of its primary

goals is to build a community and create

opportunities to strengthen the local AI

scene. “AI is booming in Africa, but it’s

booming from the grassroots,” says

Ulrich Paquet, one of Deep Learning

Indaba’s organisers and a research scientist

at DeepMind, a world leader in AI

research that’s based in London.

Investors are taking notice, too.

According to one report, African tech

startups got a record-breaking US$725

million from venture investment funds in

2018, up from US$277 million in 2015.

The report doesn’t stipulate how much is

for AI startups, but the interest is so

great that the continent just got Cortex

Ventures, its first venture capital firm

dedicated to funding AI startups.

AHEAD OF ITS TIME

The technology is so new that much

of its potential is still not well understood,

leaving countries and companies

across the globe figuring out foundational

issues – such as developing best

practices and crafting national policies

– to make sure that AI can flourish.

So far, two African countries have

revealed plans for national strategies:

Kenya and Tunisia. At the beginning of

2018, Kenya’s government announced

that its new task force will come up with

ways to support AI. The task force is

meant to provide recommendations on

how the government can find ways to

leverage these two new technologies in

the next five years and provide roadmaps

for the future. Tunisia announced

that it has a National AI Strategy with

Istock

AI BY THE NUMBERS

• In a survey of African researchers, 97% said

that they believe AI will be a change for the

better.

• There has been a 14-fold increase in the

number of active AI startups across the globe

since 2000.

• In 2018, the second annual Deep Learning

Indaba conference drew over 500 participants

from more than 20 African countries.

the goal to help bring on the emergence

of an AI ecosystem that focusses on

equitable and sustainable development,

as well as job creation.

Besides establishing national policies,

African countries also need to tackle

problems, such as poor Internet connectivity,

limited sources of finance and

frequently inadequate infrastructure,

especially the electricity grid and roads.

Despite those hurdles, however, there are

unique opportunities.

Africa is already developing AI tools

that not only meet the needs of Africans,

but are also suitable for markets abroad.

For example, Makerere University’s

computer science department won

US$1.3 million from Google AI Impact

Challenge 2019 for a project that tracks

and predicts air pollution in major cities.

The project, called AirQo, focusses on

low-cost tools and methods that urban

cities with limited budgets could implement.“These

solutions can be exported

• Google is supporting more than 60 African

startups through its Launchpad Accelerator

Africa programme.

• In total, 16% of African companies are using

machine learning.

• The value of AI in Sub-Saharan Africa is

forecasted to expand 30 fold over the next 7

years to almost US$50 billion.

to the rest of the world,” says Dina

Machuve, a professor at Nelson Mandela

African Institute of Science and

Technology in Tanzania, who organises

Data Science Africa.

Mirroring the way the continent

skipped personal computers by going

directly to mobile, African researchers

could bypass some of the earliest AI

tools and work with more advanced

ones instead, including “edge” devices

that can do AI without relying on cloud

computing

Indeed, at no point in history has

Africa had so much access to technology;

it could bring the continent to new

heights. “This is the first time in history

that we’ve seen this even out,” says

Daniel Mutembesa, a researcher at

Makerere University’s AI Research Lab.

“We’re going to see more of that.”


56 / TRAVEL / Bangkok

TRAVEL / 57

5

1

2

Way

of

The

Elders

6

Beyond Bangkok, you’ll find Thailand’s

HOMAGE TO TRADITION,

where monastic rituals and

structural grandeur prevail.

text David Messiha

3

4

7

Evan Krause, agefotostock, Javier Graterol, Cedric Arnold, Wizemark@Stocksy,

THAILAND’S CAPITAL city carries itself with restless magnetism,

humming with activity and otherworldliness from every corner. From the

billowing Chao Phraya River to a metropolis of ancient temples, extravagant

shopping centres and effortlessly warm locals, the city beckons you

in, daring to exceed all expectations. And yet there is more…

Away from the bustling City of Angels, the country’s thoughtful

tradition and Theravada Buddhism comes to life. Escape to the Tantra

shrines and turquoise oases for a trip down imagination lane.

AYUTTHAYA OFFERINGS

Despite being subject to periods of conflict, Thailand has a wealth of

locations with well-preserved ancient architecture, making its history >

1. Monks in front of an altar 2. Hua Hin Beach 3. Asiatique: The Riverfront, Bangkok

4. Stone buddha statue, Ayutthaya 5. Buddha head in a tree at Temple of the Great Relic

6. A Chinese opera performer in Chinatown, Bangkok 7. Amphawa Floating Market


58 / TRAVEL / Bangkok

TRAVEL / 59

ever-present; and the ancient city of Ayutthaya – an hour and a half’s

drive north of Bangkok – is one of the country’s best examples. Once the

capital of the Kingdom of Siam and a centre of commerce (it was a major

trading port), Ayutthaya is now an archaeological treasure trove filled

with relics of the past. This is fortunate considering that much of the city

was destroyed during the Burmese-Siamese War (1765-67). Ayutthaya’s

preserved monuments, which include more than 400 temples, transport

you back to a time of quiet grandeur and architectural magnificence. The

city’s most famous landmarks include Wat Phu Khao Thong (Golden

Mountain) and Wat Phanan Choeng’s twinkling Buddha (a casual 19-m

tall). It’s no wonder that the city is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Don’t miss a chance to whisper along the waterfront at the majestic

Bang Pa-In Royal Palace. The former summer residence of Thai kings is

nestled in acres of lush gardens that also feature ponds and pavilions. If

Buddha heads embedded in tree trunks interest you, check out the Temple

of the Great Relic, which is tucked away in central Wasukri. Shrines

drenched in colour complement the headquarters of Thailand’s largest

Vipassana Meditation centre.

THE WATERWAY EXCHANGE

At the outer edges of Bangkok, you can experience the riverine lifestyle

by taking a leisurely cruise on the Chao Phraya River, or (if you’re

feeling feisty) a detour along one of its khlongs (canals). If you like glitzy

palaces, there’s an array of them for you to admire there.

Relive an age-old tradition by gliding through murky waters to the

Amphawa Floating Market, which is arguably one of the world’s most

unique markets. It’s roughly an hour and half by car (50 km) from the

city, and unlike other markets, it’s open at the weekend from noon until 8

p.m. Shop for souvenirs, tropical fruits (including Thai favourite, durian),

spices, seafood and Khanom Thai (desserts). Experience the surrounding

sights and sounds as you get attuned to life by boat. If you’re sold on boat

wares and bona fide street food, continue your waterway escapade at

Damnoen Saduak, Taling Chan and Bang Noi, where you’ll find plenty

of them.

FOREVER EVERGREEN

Some of the most breathtaking scenes Mother Nature has to offer can

be found in Khao Yai National Park. Located in Nakhon Ratchasima

province, it’s a bumpy three-hour drive from Bangkok. As a UNESCO

World Heritage Site, this national park has no shortage of wildlife,

including elephants, macaques, deer and tigers, roaming in 2,000 sq-km

of forest and grassland. It’s also a great spot for bird-watchers, attracting

the largest population of hornbills in the country. It also features

picturesque waterfalls, such as Haew Suwat, Haew Narok and Nang

Rong, that have turquoise pools and tropical evergreen forests in common.

At Haew Suwat, which is popular because it’s easier to get to than

the others, water topples from a 20-m cliff, making for some wonderful

photo opportunities.

There are several tour operators offering excursions to Khao Yai

National Park, but it’s also possible to get there by private car or motorcycle.

The best time to visit is from November to February when >

1. Heo Narok Waterfall in Khao Yai National Park 2. Cottages on Sichang Island

3. A northern pig-tailed macaque 4. Sichang Island harbour 5. Yaowarat Road, Bangkok

6. A food vendor in Chinatown, Bangkok 7. A vendor at Bangkok’s Paak Klong Talad

Market 8. A kitesurfer 9. Seafood at Amphawa Floating Market, Bangkok

“Preserved

monuments transport

you back to a time of

quiet grandeur”

EAT, DRINK AND SLEEP

AYUTTHAYA

Sala Ayutthaya Hotel

This ethereal oasis offers

tantalising temple views and a

number of luxurious amenities,

including a pool suite.

salahospitality.com/ayutthaya

Baan Thai House

Twelve individually themed

villas, nestled in a lush tropical

landscape, offer Thai hospitality

at its best. This resort has a

swimming pool, and a spa that

offers traditional Thai massage

and aromatherapy services by

qualified therapists.

baanthaihouse.com

Seven Seas Riverside Ayutthaya

There’s an abundance of

authentic Thai restaurants in

this area. Try the Seven Seas

Riverside Ayutthaya, a lively spot

opposite the main railway station

that serves delicious Thai food,

grilled steaks, fresh baguettes

and lots more.

BANGKOK

The Mandarin Oriental Hotel

Located along the banks of

the Chao Phraya River, within

walking distance of the Skytrain

and Grand Palace, this hotel

epitomises luxury.

mandarinoriental.com/bangkok

Blue Elephant Restaurant

For a truly remarkable experience

head to Blue Elephant, an awardwinning

Michelin restaurant that

only uses local ingredients.

blueelephant.com/bangkok

David Messiha, Shutterstock, ANP, Waranont Joe, Cedric Arnold, agefotostock,Matteo Colombo

2

1 3 4

8

5

6 7 9


60 / TRAVEL / Bangkok

TRAVEL / 61

EAT, DRINK AND SLEEP

2 3

1 4

5

8

6 7 9

Matteo Colombo, Hollandse Hoogte, Cedric Arnold, Max Bender, Marcin Czerniawski, Stocksy

KHAO YAI NATIONAL PARK

Muthi Maya Forest Pool Villa Resort

This resort has an open architecture concept

that captures the essence of natural living. Enjoy

breathtaking panoramas of Khao Yai National

Park, which is close by.

kirimaya.com

La Purinée

This luxurious resort, which is on a hill in Khao

Yai National Park, is in the style of a European

village. Benefit from spectacular views as you

bathe in the outdoor swimming pool.

lapurinee.com

Sala Hilltop Restaurant and Bar

This open-air establishment has a natural

ambience and overlooks the lush green

landscape of Khao Yai National Park.

salahospitality.com/khaoyai

HUA HIN

Centara Grand Beach Resort & Villas Hua Hin

This luxurious resort is equipped with modern

amenities including golf courses, swimming pools,

tennis courts, a snooker room, a fitness centre and

a luxurious spa.

centarahotelsresorts.com/centaragrand/chbr

Supatra by the Sea

Located at the heart of Hua Hin Beach, close

to the Khao Takiab hills, this restaurant serves

sumptuous Thai dishes with lots of seafood

options in an open garden setting.

supatrabythesea.com

KOH SICHANG

Paree Hut Koh Sichang

A dreamlike experience awaits you here. Each

hut has a different design, but all of them have a

private bathroom with a shower, and an outdoor

pool. Guests can enjoy activities such as canoeing,

hiking and swimming.

pareehutresort.com

A variety of seafood restaurants are available

on the island. The dishes are authentic and

reasonably priced. Some of the local favourites

include iThalay Sea View Thai & Seafood

Restaurant, and Pan & David, which serves local

and western dishes.

Kenya Airways operates non-stop daily flights to

Suvarnabhumi International Airport in Bangkok

from Nairobi’s Jomo Kenyatta International

Airport.

daytime temperatures are more tolerable than they are during the summer

months. In terms of accommodation, there’s a number of hotels

and guesthouses in the city of Pak Chong. Alternatively, if you prefer a

rugged experience you can camp inside the park for an additional fee.

MAMMAL ESCAPISM

Bypass the city hustle and head to Hua Hin for a relaxing time out.

Renowned for its golf and family-oriented atmosphere, this seaside

resort is an hour’s drive from Bangkok, in the Gulf of Thailand. Hua

Hin isn’t a typical palm-fringed getaway, but its lively markets, luxury

accommodation and modern golf courses make it popular with city

dwellers. There’s no shortage of things to do here. For instance, you can

tour Maruekhathaiyawan Palace (built during the reign of King Rama

VI), visit the town’s oldest railway station, or revel in a shopping spree at

the night market.

The nearby Cha-am Beach is packed with activities for all ages, such

as water-skiing, parasailing, windsurfing and banana-boat rides. There

are also pony rides for children. You can enjoy a traditional Thai massage

on the beach or opt for a special spa treatment in one of the many highend

resorts and hotels here.

For an authentic cultural experience, head 6 km south of Hua Hin to

Khao Takiab, which is popular with locals and tourists alike. Stop by

Monkey Mountain, which, boasting the best views of the area and a lot

of monkeys, has a reputation that precedes it. Ditch the selfie stick and

explore the striking Buddha temple overlooking the bay.

ROYAL VIBRATIONS

A unique tropical paradise awaits you on Koh Sichang, an island that

has spectacular sunsets, is replete with white-sand beaches and offers an

array of outdoor activities, including snorkelling and kayaking. Having

been a haven for the monarchy in the past, Koh Sichang has the sort of

allure that makes it the ideal honeymoon destination. To get to the island,

take a bus or a taxi to Sri Racha Koh Loi pier, and then hop on a ferry.

There are plenty of things to see and do here. Traffic is light, and

strolling is the preferred method of transport, along with the traditional

tuk-tuk (a three-wheeled motor vehicle). After a long day kicking back

in the crystal waters, visit the Royal Palace, which was built by King

Chulalongkorn in 1890. After the island was occupied by the French in

1893, the palace was left deserted. Now open to the public, it provides

an envy-inducing look into the life of Thailand’s royal family. Ostentatious

mansions, halls and pavilions are positioned amid rolling gardens

and walkways; don’t forget to peak at the private beach to end your

jaunt.

Other attractions on Koh Sichang include caves, temples and the old

stone bell: a natural rock formation that emits a resonating ring when

struck. It’s a marvel to see and hear.

So, there you have it. If you visit Thailand, dive beyond the popular

locations made famous by Instagram and you’ll find yourself deep in the

heart of ancient folklore, where you’ll discover Thailand’s real glitz and

glamour.

1. Statue at Temple of The Emerald Buddha, Bangkok 2. BTS Sky Train, Bangkok 3. Hua

Hin Beach 4. Office workers at Soi Convent’s famed Tom Yum Noodle stand, Bangkok

5. A tuk-tuk 6. Fresh fish at Amphawa Floating Market, Bangkok 7. Hua Hin Beach

8. A child leaning against a scooter in Bangkok 9. Buddhist prayer candles


62 / WILDLIFE / Conservation

WILDLIFE / 63

LARGER

THAN LIFE

WORLD ELEPHANT DAY draws attention to

the plight of Asian and African elephants. Their

populations have reduced significantly, but the

solution could be simple if we take action now.

text Joseph Maina

David Yarrow


64 / WILDLIFE / Conservation

WILDLIFE / 65

Philip Lee Harvey

leaves and fruit. Females become sexually

mature from 11 to 13 years of age. And

despite the fact that elephant families

live apart from the males for so long,

they all know each other as individuals.

“Elephants communicate using infrasonic

vocalisations that can carry over

10 km and in this way distant herds can

stay in touch with each other. This

means they can coordinate their movements

away from trouble and

towards good feeding areas.”

Every year, the female groups and

mature males congregate in a gathering

that’s similar to a Maasai celebration

when warriors return to meet their families:

the elephants greet each other in

noisy celebration.

VITAL FOR OUR ENVIRONMENT

Dr Kahumbu explains that elephants

are some of the most important animals

in African ecology. “They move tremendous

amounts of nutrients around and

shed seeds, which germinate in their

pie-sized dung. This makes them ecosystem

engineers vital for the ecological

health of our savannahs and woodlands.”

Sadly, elephant populations have

dwindled over the decades as a result of

human activities that threatened their

existence. This problem is compounded

by elephants’ long gestation period.

“They have longer pregnancies than

almost any other mammal,” says Dr

Kahumbu. They carry their calves for

about 22 months, with cows usually bearing

only one calf every 3 to 6 years; and

their regeneration rate averages 5 to 6

percent annually, compared to the 8 to 9

percent poaching rates, resulting in a net

loss in population numbers. Elephants

are threatened with extinction as they’re

unable to sustain current population

numbers if the high rate of poaching

continues unabated.”

The African elephant population

reduced dramatically during a >

Hands off

In addition to the strategic Hands Off

Our Elephants partnership between

WildlifeDirect and the country’s First

Lady, Kenya is enjoying growing

corporate support for various elephant

conservation campaigns.

The Sheldrick Wildlife Trust, established

more than 40 years ago, is best

known for its Orphans’ Project: a

pioneering elephant orphan rescue and

rehabilitation programme. Through this

project, the Trust raises orphaned, milkdependent

elephants and reintegrates

them back into the wild.

Through its elephant conservation

programme, the World Wide Fund for

Nature Kenya has helped to develop

the National Elephant Conservation and

Management Strategy 2012-2021 to

address the threats facing elephants.

Ultimately, the programme seeks to

ensure that, in 25 years, elephants and

people live and thrive side by side in the

Serengeti–Masaai Mara area.

“Kenya’s elephant numbers

plummeted from 168,000 to 18,000

between the 1960s and 1980s”

“ONE OF the greatest challenges

facing elephants is no longer poaching

for ivory, but the killing of elephants due

to human-elephant conflict,” says Dr

Paula Kahumbu, one of Africa’s pre-eminent

conservationists. “This is caused by

people encroaching onto elephant ranges,

and elephants moving out of parks and

into farms. To protect elephants, we must

focus on supporting the people who live

in the same landscapes with them.”

On 12 August, everyone on Earth

will have the opportunity to make a difference

thanks to the awareness drive

that is World Elephant Day. All you have

to do is experience elephants in nonexploitive

and sustainable environments

where they can thrive under care and

protection.

BET YOU DIDN’T KNOW

According to Dr Kahumbu, elephants

are exceptionally gifted animals

that enjoy a fairly long lifespan, coexist

in tightknit social units and exhibit a

level of compassion that humanity can

learn from. “Elephants live until about

75 years old,” says Dr Kahumbu. “They

have enormous brains and are extremely

intelligent. They know how to navigate

vast landscapes and how to stay safe.

They’re also compassionate and will

support each other through childbirth

and injuries, and they will stay and

mourn the dead returning to the skeletons

of their relatives. How they can

know the identity of the skeleton is a

mystery to us.”

Elephants are the world’s largest land

animals, with male African elephants

attaining a height of 3 m and weighing

4,000-7,500 kg. Asian elephants are

slightly smaller, reaching a height of 2.7

m and weighing 3,000-6,000 kg. There

are two types of elephants found in Africa:

the savannah elephant – found across

East and Southern Africa – and the forest

elephant, which is only found in the

Congo Basin. Forest elephants look

similar to savannah elephants but are

smaller, have straighter tusks and live in

smaller groups.

Like humans, elephants live in families

but, uniquely, the females lead these

families. Males leave their families at the

age of 14 to join bachelor groups, which

move away from the breeding herds and

into wooded areas where they feed and

grow. They return to the family territories

when they’re in their 30s and in

breeding condition. Of particular note is

the leadership model among elephants.

“Leadership in elephants is gentle and

yet assertive,” says Dr Kahumbu. “The

matriarch always keeps her family out

of harm’s way and will fight to protect

every individual in the family. We need

wise, compassionate leaders too.”

Elephants occupy every habitat

except marine environments and tops

of icy mountains, and they can feed on

everything from grass to a tree’s bark,

David Yarrow

Philip Lee Harvey


66 / WILDLIFE / Conservation

WILDLIFE / 67

“Elephants

move nutrients

around and shed

seeds. They are

ecosystem

engineers”

20-year period beginning in the 1960s.

“Kenya’s elephant numbers plummeted

from 168,000 to 18,000 between the

1960s and 1980s as a result of poaching

for the ivory trade,” says Dr Kahumbu.

“When Kenya burned the ivory in 1989,

it inspired the world to ban ivory trade

and elephant populations began to

recover.”

In July 1989, Kenya’s then President,

Daniel arap Moi, set a pile of elephant

tusks – weighing an estimated 12 tons

– on fire in a gesture that was meant to

further fuel the global crusade against

ivory trade. But Dr Kahumbu recalls a

period in 2009, when four countries in

Southern Africa sold ivory to China and

Japan, triggering catastrophic poaching

across the continent. Tanzania was losing

1,000 elephants per month for some

years; and as a result, the country lost

over 44,000 elephants in the course of 4

years, reducing their herds by nearly 70

percent before the government admitted

that there was a crisis.

“The US, China and Britain banned

David Yarrow

Philip Lee Harvey

Shutterstock

the ivory trade in solidarity with countries

in Africa, which led to a significant

drop in the price of ivory in just one

year,” says Dr Kahumbu. “Unfortunately

Botswana, South Africa, Namibia,

Zambia and Zimbabwe are now seeking

to reopen ivory trade and Kenya is fighting

this move, which we believe will have

a catastrophic impact on elephants

across Africa. Botswana has already

lifted an elephant-hunting ban and has

been discussing opening elephant culling.

These moves will be strongly debated at

the next CITES meeting in early 2020. In

Kenya, we responded quickly with a

campaign called Hands Off Our

Elephants, which was patroned by Her

Excellency Margaret Kenyatta, the First

Lady of the Republic of Kenya. The

First Lady’s involvement was a strong

demonstration of political support; no

other country’s First Lady has ever been

at the forefront of an animal campaign.”

EMPOWERING COMMUNITIES

As part of its conservation agenda,

WildlifeDirect – an organisation that

has been at the forefront in wildlife

conservation – runs empowerment

programmes in which grassroots communities

participate in conservation

projects. “Most Kenyans have never

seen an elephant, and much of the

science and knowledge remains locked

in scientific papers and government

reports,” says Dr Kahumbu, who’s CEO

of WildlifeDirect. “At WildlifeDirect,

we’re committed to bringing information

about our wildlife out of the shadows

and into the spotlight through our television

and classroom programmes called

Wildlife Warriors. The TV shows shine a

light on conservation heroes at the front

line, like Norah Njiraini and Katito

Saiyalel who are studying elephants in

Amboseli National Park. The stories of

how these women chose this career have

inspired many young people to begin

exploring research, conservation and

environmental studies as their careers.”

Besides broadcasting the Wildlife

Warriors series on a local channel, the

organisation also produces animal fact

books and activity books for children,

to deepen their knowledge. “We train

teachers and support them with computers,

films, modems and phones to

enable them to research further, show

our films to children and work through

lesson plans,” adds Dr Kahumbu.

These magnificent creatures are key

players in our global ecosystem, and the

concerted effort of all stakeholders is

required if elephants are to survive. The

onus is, therefore, on you and I to

support positive moves that are geared

towards conserving the elephant, so

future generations can enjoy this jungle

jumbo’s majesty.

Education pack

Kenya Airways, in conjunction with

the United Nations Environment

Program (UNEP), is raising

awareness about the need for

better wildlife conservation by

distributing a special children’s

education pack to passengers. It

comprises of a tote bag, a comic

book, postcards, stickers and

temporary tattoos that relate to

wildlife conservation and the illegal

wildlife trade.


ENTERTAINMENT / 69

Kenya Airways

offers its passengers

complimentary inflight

entertainment.

The programme will

vary in different aircraft

types. Check your

screen to view the

selection on your flight.

Relax & Enjoy

Discover our complimentary blockbusters, new releases,

African films, all-time favourites, Bollywood films, TV, audio and

games during your flight. These are this season’s highlights.

Aquaman

(read more on the next page)

“My parents were of two different worlds,

and I was a product of the love that they shared.

A son of land and a son of the seas”

– Arthur Curry –

Aquaman

MOVIE RATINGS

G Suitable for all ages PG Some material may not be suitable or children PG-13 Some material may be inapproriate for children under 13

R Under-17s should watch only with parental approval NR Not rated Please note: at certain periods of the month the programming may differ from that shown.


70 / ENTERTAINMENT

ENTERTAINMENT / 71

New Releases

New Releases

Aquaman

ACTION

Aquaman is the sixth instalment

in the DC Extended Universe.

It’s also the first feature-length

film to be based on the character

of Aquaman and boasts the

accolade of highest grossing DC

release.

The Lego Movie 2: The Second Part (2019) ANIMATION

It’s been five years since everything was awesome and the citizens are facing a

new threat: Lego Duplo invaders from outer space who destroy everything.

Chris Pratt, Elizabeth Banks. PG, 107 mins, Director: Mike Mitchell

The Hate U Give (2018) CRIME

Starr witnesses the fatal shooting of her best friend, Khalil, at the hands of

a police officer.

Amandla Stenberg. PG-13, 133 mins, Director: George Tillman Jr.

Head Full of Honey (2018) COMEDY

A man suffering from Alzheimer’s embarks on a final road trip with his

granddaughter.

Emily Mortimer, Matt Dillon. PG-13, 128 mins, Director: Til Schweiger

A star-studded cast and spectacular

visual effects make this film an aquatic

adventure of epic proportions.

Thomas Curry’s life is forever altered

when he unwittingly rescues Atlanna,

the queen of Atlantis, during a storm.

Charmed by her ethereal beauty and

strange customs, Thomas falls for

Atlanna and she for him. They have a

son soon after, whom they name

Arthur. The boy inherits his mother’s

aquatic powers and her ability to

commune with marine life forms.

While Arthur is still a child, Atlanna

is forced to abandon her family and

return to the ocean. Arthur grows up

to be a powerful and skilled warrior,

but renounces his Atlantean heritage

when he learns of his mother’s execution

by her own people.

Arthur can’t escape his destiny, however,

and in time he reluctantly takes

up the mantle of hero in order to

protect his people.

Dive in with Aquaman on board

Kenya Airways now!

Crazy Rich Asians (2018) COMEDY

This contemporary romantic comedy, based on the global bestseller, follows

New Yorker Rachel Chu to Singapore to meet her boyfriend’s family.

Constance Wu, Michelle Yeoh. PG-13, 120 mins, Director: Jon M. Chu

Stan & Ollie (2018) BIOGRAPHY

Laurel and Hardy, the world’s most famous comedy duo, attempt to reignite

their film careers as they embark on a gruelling theatre tour.

John C. Reilly, Steve Coogan. PG, 98 mins, Director: Jon S. Baird

Second Act (2018) COMEDY

A big-box store worker reinvents her life and shows Madison Avenue what

street smarts can do.

Jennifer Lopez, Vanessa Hudgens. PG-13, 103 mins, Director: Peter Segal

Jason Momoa, Amber Heard. PG-13,

143 mins, Director: James Wan

Did you know?

~ Jason Momoa specifically requested Temuera Morrison for the role

of Arthur’s father because Morrison is one of Momoa’s acting idols.

~ Director Jason Wan revealed that he had a choice between

directing The Flash and Aquaman but chose the latter because

Aquaman is an underdog.

Indian Horse (2017) DRAMA

Follows the life of Canadian First Nations boy Saul Indian Horse as he survives

school and life amid the racism of the 1970s.

Sladen Peltier. PG-13, 101 mins, Director: Stephen S. Campanelli

The Mule (2018) CRIME

A 90-year-old horticulturist and Korean War veteran turns drug mule for a

Mexican cartel.

Clint Eastwood, Bradley Cooper. R, 116 mins, Director: Clint Eastwood

The Kid Who Would Be King (2019) ADVENTURE

A band of kids embark on an epic quest to thwart a medieval menace.

Louis Ashbourne Serkis, Tom Taylor, Rebecca Ferguson. PG, 120 mins,

Director: Joe Cornish


72 / ENTERTAINMENT

ENTERTAINMENT / 73

African Highlights

Adventure

Jackie and the Genie

Love, Food and Everything In Between

Batman (1989)

Batman meets his most dangerous foe, the Joker, who is wreaking havoc

throughout Gotham City and posing a threat of worldwide destruction.

Michael Keaton, Jack Nicholson. PG-13, 126 mins, Director: Tim Burton

Godzilla (2014)

The world is beset by the appearance of monstrous creatures, but one of

them may be the only one who can save humanity.

Aaron Taylor-Johnson. PG-13, 115 mins, Director: Gareth Edwards

What the Heart Sees

A Lot Like Love

Film

Picks from

the continent

We’ve selected the best of current African cinema,

including drama and comedy.

A Lot Like Love (2018) ROMANCE

A great career, wealth, beauty and brains; Jasmine seems to have it all. But

she’s missing one thing - a man!

Annie Macaulay-Idibia, Lilian Esoro. NR, 95 mins, Director: Tissy Nnachi

Breaking Rules (2018) DRAMA

Martins and Vivian fall captive to their emotions, laying down their guards

as they begin a relationship. This leads to a series of events that will

define them forever.

Seun Akindele, Yvonne Jegede Fawole, Olakunle Fawole. PG-13, 102

mins. Director: Biodun Stephen.

Fantastic Beasts And Where To Find Them (2016)

The adventures of Newt Scamander in New York’s secret community of

witches and wizards 70 years before Harry Potter reads his book.

Eddie Redmayne. PG-13, 133 mins, Director: David Yates

Harry Potter And The Chamber Of Secrets (2002)

Harry ignores warnings not to return to Hogwarts, only to find the school

plagued by mysterious attacks and a strange voice haunting him.

Daniel Radcliffe, Rupert Grint. PG, 87 mins, Director: Chris Columbus

Jackie and the Genie (2018) COMEDY

A young girl with a difficult life in Uganda meets a genie who gives her

magic powers that change her life.

Mutebi Farouke, Yasin Lubowa, Patricia Nabakooza. NR, 120 mins,

Director: Andrew Wagaba

Ehi’s Bitters (2018) DRAMA

It is said that time heals all wounds, but the same cannot be said for

Ehisoje. Can she find her way through all the chaos?

Deyemi Okanlawon, Joshua Richard, Enado Odigie. PG-13, 115 mins.

Director: Biodun Stephen.

Love, Food and Everything in Between (2018)

DRAMA

Trapped in a metaphysical plane, an ambitious young man gets a vantage

view of his life as he struggles to make sense of his predicament.

Yemi Blaq, Mofe Duncan, Deyemi Okanlawon. NR, 78 mins, Director:

Remi Ibinola

Baby Palaver (2018) DRAMA

For a girl who had shut out love for a long time, one and a half men is too

much to let in all at once.

Desmond Elliot, Uche Jombo Rodriguez, Selassie Ibrahim. PG-13, 85

mins. Director: Desmond Elliot.

What the Heart Sees (2018) ROMANCE

A love story set in the 1970s in which a spinster who, against the social

norm, falls in love with a charming, much younger man.

Francis Duru, Eucharia Anunobi, Joshua Richard. NR, 119 mins, Director:

Chris Eneaji Eneng

The Village (2018) DRAMA

An old family rivalry over a land dispute becomes a hindrance between

John and Olanna. But an act of love might put an end to the dispute.

Cassandra Odita, Emma Ayalogu, Eddie Watson. PG-13, 137 mins.

Director: Akin-Tijani Balogun.

Charlie And The Chocolate Factory (2005)

A young boy wins a tour through the most magnificent chocolate factory in

the world, led by the world’s most unusual candy maker.

Johnny Depp, Freddie Highmore. PG, 116 mins, Director: Tim Burton

The Lord Of The Rings: The Fellowship Of The Ring (2001)

A meek Hobbit from the Shire and eight companions set out on a journey to

destroy the powerful One Ring and save Middle-earth.

Elijah Wood, Ian McKellan. PG-13, 178 mins, Director: Peter Jackson


74 / ENTERTAINMENT

ENTERTAINMENT / 75

TV

Music Channel explained: The Channel number for

your favourite music programmes is shown at the end

of each description. It’s determined by the aircraft type,

so you will need to know what type of aircraft you’re on.

Please check the safety card in front of you.

Spotlight on

David

Bowie

The musician, actor and artist

was one of the most innovative

and influential minds of all time.

Audio

Ghosted

Africa’s Hunters

In a career spanning over 50 years,

David Bowie never stopped creating.

Songs such as Life on Mars?, Rebel

Rebel and Ashes to Ashes are just a few

examples of an endlessly original output.

We can only hope that his alien

rockstar alter-ego, Ziggy Stardust, is

watching over us from above.

Fight Stars World News, Brilliant Ideas Riverdale

Small Screen

Programmes

& Series

We’ve selected the best TV comedies, drama, sports

and lifestyle programmes for your entertainment.

Comedy

Ghosted, Season 1, Episodes 1 & 2 Leroy and Max are recruited by the

Bureau Underground, a top-secret government agency, to find a missing agent.

Young Sheldon, Season 1, Episodes 3 & 4 When George Sr is rushed to the

hospital, Meemaw comes to babysit.

Powerless, Season 1, Episodes 3 & 4 When Van’s incompetence costs the

team a client, Emily hopes to make a deal with the people of Atlantis. Meanwhile

Van’s father sets him on a path of redemption.

Last Man Standing, Season 6, Episodes 1 & 2 Kyle leaves the loading dock

door open, allowing a bear to wander into Outdoor Man.

Sports

Up Close With, Season 1, Episode 46 Upbeat, glamorous

documentary series exploring the luxurious lifestyle of the world’s

biggest sports stars.

Pure Outdoor, Season 1, Episode 1 A look at the eco-sports that some

people embrace in their leisure time.

Fight Stars, Season 1, Episode 2 The best combat-sport stars in the ring,

including boxer Anthony Joshua and UFC’s Ronda Rousey.

Discovery

My First Trip: New York City Lonely Planet Destination Editor MaSovaida

Morgan talks through her first-ever trip to New York City as a 4th-grade

student.

Welcome To Lake Geneva & Vaud Lonely Planet’s guide to Lake Geneva

and Vaud.

Welcome To Rome Lonely Planet’s guide to Rome.

Africa’s Hunters, Season 2, Episode 1 In the heart of Zambia’s Luangwa

Valley lies one of the best leopard territories going. It's also the domain of an

audacious young female called Olimba.

News

The Immortals, Season 1, Episode 6 The careers of sport’s greatest icons

are celebrated in this stunning 52-part series.

World News, Brilliant Ideas A winner of the Hugo Boss Prize for contemporary

art, Rirkrit Tiravanija is seen as one of the world’s most influential artists.

The David Rubenstein Show: Peer To Peer Conversations Steve Ballmer,

former CEO of Microsoft, talks about meeting Bill Gates at Harvard, his early

years at Microsoft and subsequent rise to CEO in 2000.

Drama

Bones, Season 12, Episodes 1 & 9 Brennan has been kidnapped by her old

assistant Zack, so Booth and the rest of the team have to find her.

Major Crimes, Season 6, Episodes 1 & 2 Three 15-year-old boys vanish

during a school field trip causing Asstistant Chief Mason to consider the

case a critical missing for Major Crimes.

Riverdale, Season 2, Episodes 3 & 4 Archie takes matters into his own

hands and an unexpected turn of events leads the town to realise their

darkest chapter may be far from over.

The Flash, Season 3, Episodes 4 & 5 Mirror Master joins his old partner,

Top, and looks to even the score with Snart.

KQ Radio (with guest DJ)

Our guest DJs bring you some of Kenya’s biggest

hits. B737 CH. 3

African Classics

The best tunes from classic African artists, from

Davido to DJ Maphorisa. B737 CH. 4

Jazz

With stunning tracks from Van Morrison to Billie

Holiday, this highly diverse collection is a mustlisten

for the discerning jazz fan. B737 CH. 7

Pop

The biggest pop hits of the moment, with catchy

favourites from Noah Cyrus and many more.

B737 CH. 8

Dancehall/Reggae

Enjoy a fusion of dancehall and reggae sounds,

featuring a range of diverse artists such as Ziggy

Marley and Prince Buster. B737 CH. 6

Classical

Sit back and relax with the awe-inspiring

compositions of Martin Stadtfeld and Lang Lang

in this classical collection. B737 CH. 5

Easy Listening

Unwind and take it easy with laid-back sounds

from Frank Sinatra, Céline Dion and many more.

B737 CH. 10

Classic Rock

Rock out to classics from David Bowie, The

Kinks, Bruce Springsteen and many more. B787

“I don’t know where I’m

going from here, but I promise

it won’t be boring.”

– David Bowie –

At Madison Square Garden on his 50th birthday

Getty Images


76 / ENTERTAINMENT

Kids

Animation

THE LEGO MOVIE 2:

The Second

Part

The Lego Movie 2: The Second

Part is the fourth movie in the

LEGO Movie franchise and sequel

to global box-office phenomenon

The Lego Movie.

Chris Pratt and Elizabeth Banks reprise

their roles from the previous film and are

joined by new cast members including

Stephanie Beatriz and Maya Rudolph.

This computer-animated adventure

follows our heroes as they embark on a

quest to save their town.

Film and TV

The Ones to Watch

These are the most popular films from our selection.

If you’ve already seen these, take your pick

from this season’s selection of 35 family and kids’ films.

X-Men: Evolution

Boom Boom flirts with Nightcrawler,

and then gets a visit from her criminal

father who wants her to commit

a crime for him.

Season 2, Episode 2

New Looney Tunes

Sir Littlechin the Knight is on a

quest to capture a dragon, but not if

Bugs has anything to do with it.

Season 1, Episodes 3 & 4

Lippy The Lion &

Hardy Har Har

The cartoon adventures of a lion

(Lippy) and his hyena friend (Hardy

Har Har).

Season 1, Episodes 9, 10 & 11

Tinga Tinga Tales

Hen borrows Eagle’s needle to show

Peacock she can be more than plain

brown.

Season 1, Episodes 5 & 6


SAFARI NJEMA / 79

The African bush elephant is

3.3-m tall and has a lifespan of

60-70 years.

✈ To book direct flights to Geneva,

go to kenya-airways.com.

Safari Njema

Conservation

Save The

Elephants

A coalition of African countries is

campaigning to stop the reopening of

the ivory trade.

xxxxxxx


SAFARI NJEMA / 81

Kenya Airways

launched a carbonoffset

programme in

2011. It was the first

African airline to do so.

News

✈ Kenya Airways’ routes from Nairobi to

New York and Geneva, where the UN has

offices, makes travelling convenient

for diplomats.

Elephant conservation

Group Opposes

Ivory Trade

Together with 30 African countries, Kenya is

demanding maximum protection for the African

elephant by submitting a proposal to the 18th meeting

of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on

International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild

Fauna and Flora (CITES CoP18).

Constituting the African Elephant Coalition, these countries

want the African elephant to be listed in Appendix I of CITES,

which protects species that are threatened with extinction. They

are also proposing to close all legal ivory markets and strengthen

the management of ivory stockpiles.

The illegal ivory trade continues to be a problem across the

African elephant range, and any opening of the trade, as being

proposed by Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Zimbabwe and

Zambia, is likely to drive the African elephant into imminent

extinction. The African Elephant Coalition therefore calls upon

all countries and Parties to CITES CoP18 to support their position

at the upcoming meeting, which takes place from 17-28

August in Geneva.

In their own right, Botswana, Namibia and Zimbabwe have

jointly submitted a proposal to amend current CITES provisions

restricting them to trade in elephant ivory, and instead,

increase the scope to allow them to trade in ivory internationally

for commercial purposes. The Government of Zambia has submitted

a proposal to transfer their population to Appendix II,

with an annotation that would permit trade in registered raw

ivory (tusks and pieces) for commercial purposes, trade in hunting

trophies for non-commercial purposes and trade in hides

and leather goods.

Kenya and the rest of the African Elephant Coalition members

commend the five Southern African countries for their conservation

efforts, and acknowledge that there are challenges that

relate to the management of large populations of elephants,

especially in such landscapes that constitute both protected

areas and private lands. Key among those challenges is humanelephant

conflict, which has an impact on the livelihoods of

rural communities. The African Elephant Coalition is, however,

concerned that these Southern African countries have continued

to push for a reopening of the international trade in ivory since

1997, a factor that has resulted in more threats to the elephant

populations across the species range, including Southern

African populations.

It should be observed that, conscious of the risks the international

trade in ivory has put to the elephant populations, China

and other parties have already or are in the process of closing

their domestic ivory markets in response to the provisions of

Resolution Conf. 10.10 of the CITES Convention. This move is

an acknowledgement by those parties that any legal ivory trade

would trigger poaching and ivory trafficking, further risking the

already threatened elephant populations.

Sustainability

Responsible Catering

In August last year, Kenya Airways introduced a new catering

service that uses mostly recyclable boxes and reusable baskets

on short-sector flights.

“We consider ourselves to be the biggest restaurant in Kenya,

serving over 10,000 meals daily to over 12,000 onboard,” said

Head of Corporate Social Responsibility, Kenya Airways Jacquie

Muhati. “Inevitably, anyone who’s serving four million

meals a year will sometimes be able to make a big difference just

by making a few minor adjustments.”

Kenya Airways has taken this approach on its journey to

making its on-board catering more sustainable. Recyclable

packaging is one such adjustment. Not only does it reduce

waste, it also reduces the weight on board, which lowers CO2

emissions substantially. Lightweight, recyclable materials –

catering boxes, light dishes and cutlery – decrease environmental

impact compared to reusable dishes and metal cutlery.

“It’s better to take many

small steps in the right

direction than to make a

great leap forward only

to stumble backward”

― Old Chinese Proverb ―


82 / SAFARI NJEMA

Want to know the carbon

emission of your flight?

Visit climatecare.org

and click on the

carbon calculator.

News

✈ Kenya Airways now flies to

Geneva and Rome.

New routes

Kenya Airways

Expands in Europe

New routes to Rome and Geneva

will grow Kenya Airways’revenues,

boost tourism and attract

investments.

The introduction of these routes is part

of Kenya Airways’ (KQ) network expansion

strategy, which is steered towards

growing its market share, increasing

revenues and financial turnaround.

“These new routes will play an important

role in facilitating more business

and tourism opportunities and strengthening

Nairobi as the top business hub,”

said Group Managing Director and

CEO, Kenya Airways Sebastian Mikosz.

“With 5 European destinations and 55

worldwide from Nairobi, KQ offers

Africa the best connectivity to the rest

of the world and vice versa.”

Geneva is renowned as a global hub for

diplomacy and banking as it hosts a

number of international organisations

in the world including the UN. This

complements Nairobi, which is Africa’s

hub for the UN and other international

agencies. The launch of this direct route

completes the circuit of UN locations

(in New York, Nairobi and Geneva),

making logistics and connectivity easier

for travellers.

“Nairobi is in many ways the ‘thinktank

city’ of the African continent with

many NGOs and universities. Kenyan

human rights NGOs will need just a few

hours to be in Geneva and participate in

sessions of the Human Rights Council.

Geneva is the headquarters of the UN

High Commissioner for Refugees, the

International Committee of the Red

Cross, the World Trade Organization

and the World Health Organization. All

these are organisations with active links

to Kenyan institutions. Therefore, I

expect more conference tourism in Geneva

and in Nairobi. I expect new partnerships

and collaboration. I expect more

trade and investment. I expect a bright

bilateral future. I expect a wonderful

flight to Geneva,” said Swiss Ambassador

to Kenya Dr Ralf Heckner.

The Geneva flights will be connected to

Nairobi as circular flights with Rome,

Italy, which is one of Kenya’s top source

markets for corporate and leisure travellers.

Over 65,000 tourists from Italy

visited Kenya in 2018.

As part of the strategy to capture these

travellers and boost Kenya’s tourism

industry, KQ this week commenced direct

fights between Nairobi and Malindi,

the primary destination for most Italian

tourists and also home to a large proportion

of the Italian community in Kenya.


84 / SAFARI NJEMA

SAFARI NJEMA / 85

Want to know the carbon

emission of your flight?

Visit climatecare.org

and click on the

carbon calculator.

News

✈ Kenya Airways is working

with USAID to prevent the trafficking

of endangered species.

How many Miles did you

earn while flying to your

current destination? Find out

online with the Flying Blue

Miles Calculator.

Flying Blue

✈ There are new discounted reward

tickets, or Promo Awards, available

every month, saving you up

to 50 percent on Reward Miles.

Protecting elephants

Kasigau

Corridor

Getty Images

Membership levels

Redeem

Your

Miles!

1

Easy Does It

Five steps to make

the most of your Miles.

Exchange

Reward Miles can be redeemed for a flight to

any Kenya Airways destination or an upgrade to

Business Class.

Turnaround strategy

Digital Tools to Improve Efficiency

Kenya Airways is adopting General Electric (GE)

Aviation’s Flight Operations suite of digital products

across its fleet of Boeing 737, 787 and Embraer

E190 aircraft.

The Flight Operations suite integrates various operational

data including flight details, weather forecast and navigation,

among others. The technology will enable KQ to monitor its

operations and fuel consumption in order to close the gap that

drives up fuel and aircraft maintenance costs.

While signing the partnership agreement in Paris, Director of

Operations, Kenya Airways Paul Njoroge said the agreement

with GE Aviation was an integral part of the Airlines’ turnaround

strategy to reduce costs. “The realisation of KQ’s

agreement with GE Aviation will enable us to optimise fuel

costs and excel in flight operations. GE brings in a wealth of

knowledge and the latest cutting-edge digital technology to

help KQ to fast track efficiencies as well as improve on operations

and customer experience,” said Njoroge.

Implementation of the digital Flight Operations solutions is

currently underway with completion set for later this year. The

partnership adds KQ’s fleet to the over 15,000 unique aircraft

assets that are connected to GE Aviation’s digital solutions.

“Kenya Airways has been looking for ways to monitor performance

of its fleet and initiatives to track fuel saving and improve

efficiency. The Flight Operations suite provides these insights

and can be scaled up to provide additional functionality,” said

Chief Digital Officer for GE Aviation John Mansfield. “The

fidelity in our flight analytics, together with the team’s experience

from analyzing more than 175 million flights, will enable

Kenya Airways to better manage operations with data-driven

solutions.”

Chief Information Officer, Kenya Airways Clare Ward noted

that the airline chose GE Aviation because of its innovative

flight analytics and overall leadership in aviation technology.

“By partnering with GE, Kenya Airways is accelerating the

move to leading-edge technologies in analytics and machine

learning,” she said.

Wildlife Works, Kenya Airways’ carbon offsetting

partner, works with the Elephant Protection Trust to

safeguard 500,000 acres of forests through the

Kasigau Corridor REDD+ Project, which is home

to thousands of elephants.

Elephant populations in the world are approaching a critical

point, with thousands falling victim to poachers annually even

with increasing bans on the ivory trade across the world.

In response to this problem, Wildlife Works’ ranger team conducts

ground patrols, tracking animal movement and recording

incident data. The aerial surveillance team acts as an eye in the

sky, keeping track of the elephant herds as well as looking for

carcasses and illegal activities.

The UN’s Sustainable Development Goal 15 calls for the world

to protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial

ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification,

halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

Thanks to the combined efforts of the Wildlife Works team,

their rangers and the aerial surveillance team, elephants and

other threatened species are free to roam in their natural habitat

in the Kasigau Corridor.

If you would like to contribute to the protection of elephants,

offset your carbon footprint with Wildlife Works by visiting

www.wildlifeworks.com/shopcarbon

~ Offset your carbon: With your Kenya Airways’ flight, you can help

to protect the environment. Simply tick a box when booking to offset

carbon emissions per journey. Funds go to initiatives in conjunction with

Wildlife Works. Visit wildlifeworks.com to find out more.

The Flying Blue frequent flyer programme allows you to earn

Miles for every flight you take with Kenya Airways, Air France,

KLM, Joon, HOP!, Transavia, Aircalin, TAROM, SkyTeam

members, or other airline partners. You can redeem your Miles

to fly with Kenya Airways or upgrade your seats to Business

Class.

There are four membership levels in Flying Blue, and with each qualifying

flight you take, you gain XP (Experience Points). When you first enrol,

you will be awarded Explorer status, which progresses to Silver, Gold and

ultimately Platinum. The more you travel with Kenya Airways or one of

our partner airlines, the higher your level becomes, which results in you

earning more Miles and enjoying more benefits.

Miles can be redeemed for flights to destinations operated by Kenya

Airways or our partner airlines. Go for an upgrade of your seat or pay

for your hotel stay or car rental with Miles. Your accumulated Miles are

valid for life as long as you take an eligible flight at least once every two

years. The total number of Miles credited to your account on Kenya Airways-marketed

flights is based on distance, the booking class earning

percentage, and the Elite bonus earning percentage, if applicable.

~ Enrol now and start to enjoy the benefits Flying Blue has to offer.

Go to flyingblue.com for more information and to sign up.

2

Check

Your choice of destination determines the

number of Miles required for your Reward ticket.

Log on to flyingblue.com to check if you have

sufficient Miles for your choice. It is advisable

to have flexible date options in case your initial

choice is not available.

3

Redeem

Once you have made your choice, you can

redeem your Reward Miles by two methods:

A. Call the Kenya Airways contact centre in Nairobi

on +254 20 327 4747; +254 734 104747

or +254 711 024747.

B. Visit kenya-airways.com and go to Loyalty Program,

Flying Blue, Earn and Spend.

For further information, you can always contact us at

kenya-airways.custhelp.com.

4

Tax

Reward Miles do not cover tax charges. These

will need to be paid for separately and this can be

done so via credit card, M-Pesa or a cash payment

at any Kenya Airways office.

5

Ticket

Once payment has been received, your e-ticket

will be sent to you by email.

~ Reward tickets are subject to seat availability. The

number of Miles required varies depending on available

booking class.

~ Miles can be used for flights, baggage and

upgrades to Business Class when you have already

purchased an Economy Class Kenya Airways ticket on

Y,B,M,U,K,H,L,Q,T,R,N, E & V classes for all routes. All

upgrades are subject to seat availability in Business Class.


SAFARI NJEMA / 87

SkyTeam operates more than

17,000 departures a day to 1,150+

destinations in 175+ countries, and

offers SkyTeam members 750+

lounges in airports worldwide.

SkyTeam

✈ Founded in June 2000, SkyTeam is a

major airline alliance that consists of 19

carriers from 5 continents.

us, we recognise and reward contributors.

In the app, you’ll find the “Your

Contribution” ratings system, where

you can see how many reviews you’ve

submitted, collect badges for reaching

targets and compare yourself to other

frequent flyers.

The SkyPriority Panel app also gives

you access to exclusive services at more

than 1,000 airports worldwide. Services

include priority check-in, priority bag

drop, dedicated security lanes, priority

boarding, your bag first on the belt and

transfers where applicable. You can also

be fast-tracked through immigration as

a SkyPriority member.

With so many benefits, what are you

waiting for? The app is free and quick to

download: simply head to your preferred

app store and search for the SkyPriority

Panel app. Join us and help change the

future of flying for the better.

Your Priorities Are

Our Priority

No one experiences travel better than SkyTeam travellers,

so who better to help us offer the most streamlined service

we can? Easily shape your experience by rating your journey

through the airport via the SkyPriority Panel app.

SkyTeam is an airline alliance of 19

members working together across an

extensive global network to welcome

customers on more than 17,000 daily

flights to 1,150+ destinations in 175+

countries.

If you’re not familiar with the app,

allow us to take you through the finer

points. Available in 16 languages, the

SkyPriority Panel app collects your

feedback so we can make SkyTeam’s

priority service more seamless for all

our First-Class, Business-Class and

Elite Plus passengers.

Sign in via Facebook and become an

observer in three simple clicks on the

app. Add photos, comments and suggestions,

and we’ll get the information in

real-time, allowing us to work with our

members to find solutions and make

improvements as quickly as possible.

Because your feedback is so valuable to

~ Find out more about news, services and

upcoming events at skyteam.com

or find us on Instagram: @skyteamalliance.


88 / SAFARI NJEMA

SAFARI NJEMA / 89

Global Network

Kenya Airways Fleet

UNITED

STATES

London

GREAT-BRITAIN

THE NETHERLANDS

Amsterdam

Paris

FRANCE

Geneva

SWITZERLAND

ITALY

Rome

Boeing 787 Dreamliner

Aircraft 7; Seats Economy 204, Premier 30; Crew 14;

Seat pitch Economy 32”; Premier 75”; Max. take-off weight

227,930kg; Fuel capacity 126,903 litres; Range 14,500km;

Typical cruising speed at 35,000ft Mach 0.85; Thrust per

engine at sea level 69,800lbs; Wing span 60.1m; Length

56.7m; Interior cabin width 5.49m

New York

SENEGAL

Dakar

Bamako

Freetown

SIERRA LEONE

Monrovia

LIBERIA

MALI

COTE

BENIN

D'IVOIRE

GHANA

Lagos

Abidjan

Accra

Cotonou

SUDAN

Khartoum

NIGERIA

UNITED

ARAB

EMIRATES

Dubai

Djibouti

DJIBOUTI

Addis

Ababa

SOMALIA

CENTRAL

SOUTH SUDAN

ETHIOPIA

CAMEROON

AFRICAN REPUBLIC

Juba

Douala

Yaoundé

Mogadishu

Bangui

UGANDA

KENYA

Entebbe/Kampala

Libreville

Kisumu

GABON

Kigali

NAIROBI

RWANDA

Brazzaville

DEMOCRATIC

Malindi

REPUBLIC OF

Bujumbura

Kilimanjaro

Mombasa

Kinshasa

THE CONGO

BURUNDI

TANZANIA

Mahé

SEYCHELLES

Dar es Salaam

Luanda

Moroni/COMOROS

ANGOLA

Lubumbashi

MALAWI

Dzaoudzi/MAYOTTE

Ndola

Lilongwe

ZAMBIA

Lusaka

Blantyre

Nampula

Livingstone

Victoria

Harare

Falls

ZIMBABWE

Antananarivo

MAURITIUS

MOZAMBIQUE

MADAGASCAR

Mumbai

INDIA

Bangkok

THAILAND

CHINA

Guangzhou

Boeing 737-800

Aircraft 8; Seats Economy 129, Premier 16; Crew 8;

Seat pitch Economy 32”, Premier 47”; Max. take-off weight

79,015kg; Fuel capacity 26,020 litres; Range 5,665km; Typical

cruising speed at 35,000ft Mach 0.78; Thrust per engine at

sea level 26,400lbs; Wing span 34.3m; Length 39.5m;

Interior cabin width 3.53m

Boeing 737-700

Aircraft 2; Seats Economy 100, Premier 16; Crew 7;

Seat pitch Economy 32”, Premier 40”; Max. take-off weight

70,080kg; Fuel capacity 26,020 litres; Range 6,225km;

Typical cruising speed at 35,000ft Mach 0.785;

Thrust per engine at sea level 26,400lbs; Wing span 34.3m;

Length 33.6m; Interior cabin width 3.53m

Johannesburg

Maputo

Chantal van Wessel/Vizualism

SOUTH

AFRICA

Cape Town

Embraer 190

Aircraft 15; Seats Economy 84, Premier 12; Crew 7;

Seat pitch Economy 31”, Premier 38”; Max. take-off weight

51,800kg; Fuel capacity 16,153 litres; Range 2,935km;

Typical cruising speed at 35,000ft Mach 0.82; Thrust per

engine at sea level 20,000lbs; Wing span 28.72m;

Length 36.24m; Interior cabin width 2.74m


90 / SAFARI NJEMA

SAFARI NJEMA / 91

The Nairobi National Park

stopover package allows guests

to take a safari break while on

business, leisure or connecting

to your next flight.

Welcome to Kenya

✈ Passengers travelling in

a group of at least ten

(economy cabin) or five

(business cabin), can

request for a group fare.

SOUTH-

SUD A N

E T HIOPIA

Practical tips

Getty Images

Getting around

On Arrival

TO THE CITY Jomo Kenyatta International Airport is about a 30-minute

drive away from Nairobi city. Moi International Airport, Mombasa is a

20-minute drive to Mombasa city. More time is needed during rush hour.

VISA Most visitors to Kenya require a visa. Multiple and single entry

visas are available. You can apply at any Kenya High Commission or

Embassy prior to travelling. The single entry visa (obtainable upon arrival

at the airport) is US$50 (correct at time of print) or the equivalent in

local currency. You will also require a passport that is valid for three

months from the moment of entry.

DOMESTIC TRANSFERS AT JKIA If transferring to domestic, follow the

signs to Immigration, clear with Immigration, proceed to collect your

bags and follow exit signs to the outside of the airport and Proceed to

Terminal 1D (Domestic Terminal). From Terminal 1A to Terminal 1D.

(Follow directions or ask Kenya Airways Uniform staff once you land).

TERMINAL 1B

TERMINAL 1A

Kenya Airways

International

arrival Terminal

Airport Shuttle

Picking Point

CENTRAL SQUARE

PARKING SILO

P CLOSED

P 8B

P CLOSED

TERMINAL 1C

TERMINAL 1D

Kenya Airways Domestic

Transfers Terminal

TERMINAL 1E

P 9 P 10 P 11

TERMINAL 2

Health

Emergency services

Dial 999. Note that

ambulance services are

mostly private. Services

include: St Johns

Ambulance +254 72 161

1555 or Kenya Red

Cross Ambulance

+254 71 771 4938.

Hospitals

Nairobi and Mombasa

have good hospitals.

Medical expenses

Make sure you have

adequate travel health

insurance and accessible

funds to cover the cost of

any medical treatment.

Consultations and

treatments will have to

be paid for at the time,

and the costs claimed

back later.

General

Voltage

240 volts AC, using

three-square-pin,

13-amp-type plugs.

Security

It is advisable not to walk

alone in isolated areas

in towns or on beaches,

particularly after dark.

Tipping

Tips are appreciated. Most

hotels/restaurants add a

10 percent service charge.

Water

It is wise to drink or use

only boiled or bottled water,

and to avoid ice in drinks.

Self-drive

Traffic adheres to the lefthand

side of the road, and

most cars are right-hand

drive. A current driving

licence with photograph is

accepted for up to a threemonth

stay.

Public transport

Nairobi is the only city with

an effective municipal bus

What & How

service. Local (private)

matatus are the main

means of getting around.

Taxi service Uber operates

in Nairobi and Mombasa.

Photography

Taking photographs of

official buildings, including

embassies, can lead to

detention. Photography is

also prohibited at airports.

Embassies & consulates

All embassies are

located in Nairobi.

ID

You must carry a valid form

of ID with you at all times.

Post office

Open 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.,

Mondays to Fridays; and 9

a.m. to 12 noon Saturdays.

Telephone/internet

Phone cards may be

bought from post offices

or international call

offices. Emails can be sent

from most hotels.

Money matters

Currency

Kenyan shilling (KES)

Currency regulations

There are no restrictions on

the movement of currency

into or out of Kenya for

currency transactions.

Banking

Banks are generally open

from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m.,

Mondays to Fridays;

and 9 a.m. to 12 noon

Saturdays. Banks in

coastal towns open

and close half an hour

earlier. Most ATMs accept

international VISA cards.

Credit cards

Visa and MasterCard are

widely accepted.

Hotel bill payment

Pay in Kenyan shillings or

convertible currency.

Most hotels also accept

credit cards.

Gulu

UGA N D A

Lokichokio

Sibiloi

Central

National

Songot 1755 m

Island

Park

National

Park

Namoratunga

Muruasigar

Stones

2149 m

LAKE

TURKANA

Lodwar

Nasolot

National

Reserve

Maralal

Saiwa

National

Matthew’s Peak

Swamp

Sanctuary

2375 m

Mt Elgon

National

National Park

Kaisungua

Maralal

Reserve

Kitale

3167 m

Samburu

National

Mt Elgon

Kerio Valley

Reserve

Shaba National

4322 m

National Reserve

Reserve

ELDORET

Archer’s Post

LAKE BARING O

Kakamega

Buffalo Springs

Forest Reserve

Lake Bogoria Isiolo

National

Meru

Reserve

National Reserve

National

Kakamega

Park

Ndere Island

Nanyuki

National Park

KISUMU

Meru

Mt Londiani

Rusinga Island

Kericho

3000 m

North

Nakuru

Mt Kenya

Kitu

Lake Nakuru

5199 m

National

Mfangango

National

Park

Nyerri

Embu

Reserve

Island

Kisii

Muranga’a

Mwea

Ruma

Hell’s Gate

National

LAKE

National

National Park

Mt Longonot 2777 m

Reserve

Park

RIFT VALLEY

VICTORIA

Longonot National Park

Thika

Migori

Narok

NAIROBI

Oi Donyo National Park

Masai Mara

Nairobi

National Reserve

National

Park

Chantal van Wessel

TA NZANIA

South

Turkana

National

Reserve

South

Island

National

Park

RIFT VALLEY

LAKE

MAGADI

Shompole

Conservancy

CHALBI DESERT

Loiyangalani

Mt Kulal 2285 m

OFFICES & AGENTS

Head Office Airport North Road, Embakasi

P.O. Box: 19002 – 00501 Nairobi, Kenya, Tel +254 (0)20 6422000,

Safaricom +254 0711 02 2000, Airtel +254 0734 10 2000

Contact Centre (24 hours) Tel +254 (0)20 3274747

Safaricom +254 0711 02 4747, Airtel +254 0734 10 4747

Email: customer.relations@kenya-airways.com

JKIA Sales Office Terminal 1C – International Departures

Tel +254 (0)20 6423506/8,

Terminal 1D – Domestic Departures Tel +254 (0)20 6423570

Baggage Services Tel +254 0741 33 3954

Email: delayedbaggage.nbo@kenya-airways.com

Kajiado

West

Chyulu Game

Conservation

Area

Amboseli

National Park

Mt Kilimanjaro 5895 m

Marsabit

National

Reserve

Losai

National

Reserve

Marsabit

Marsabit

National

Park

Tsavo West

National

Park

K ENYA

Tsavo

East

National

Park

Voi

Kora

National

Park

Moyale

Rahole

National

Reserve

Mwaluganje

Elephant

Sanctuary

Shimba Hills

National

Reserve

Garissa

MOMBASA

Wajir

Tana River

Primate National

Reserve

Malka Mari

National

Reserve

Arabuko

Malindi Marine

Sokoke

National Park

National

Park

MALINDI

Watamu Marine

National Park

Diani

Kisite Marine National Park

Kisite Marine National Park

Boni

National

Arawale

Reserve

National

Reserve

Dodori

National

Reserve

SOMALIA

INDIAN

OCEAN

100 km


SAFARI NJEMA / 93

Cargo

Text: Emma van Egmond Images: Getty Images

Road transportation

Crossing Borders

Thanks to a smart road transportation

strategy, KQ Cargo’s

freight can now be delivered

beyond South Africa’s borders.

How? Large trucks drive the cargo to

destinations beyond the Kenya Airways

(KQ) airfreight network or to destinations

with constrained capacity, such as

Blantyre in Malawi.

This trucking method has enabled KQ

Cargo to expand its network reach and

increase capacity on routes that are

mostly served by narrow body aircraft.

KQ Cargo uses gateways in Africa,

Europe (London and Amsterdam) and

the US (New York) to deliver cargo

beyond its network.

Trucking is part of the intermodal

freight transport system, which includes

alternatives to air transport, namely

road and sea, without any handling of

the freight when changing modes.

The method improves security, reduces

damage and loss, and allows freight to

be transported seamlessly.

The Trucking Solution

The gateways in Southern Africa

are Lilongwe in Malawi, to

connect cargo to Blantyre, and

Johannesburg in South Africa, to

connect cargo to the following.

Within South Africa

Cape town

Port Elizabeth

East London

Durban

Pretoria

Beyond South Africa

Manzini

Maputo

Walvis Bay

Windhoek

Maseru

Gaborone

Blantyre


94 / SAFARI NJEMA

KQ won the Best

Business Class in

Africa for five years

in a row from World

Travel Awards.

Get Comfortable

✈ KQ received an International

Safety Award in 2016 and 2017

from the British Safety Council.

What you need to know

Flight Mode

Safety

Please watch the safety demonstration before

take-off and refer to the leaflet in your seat

pocket. Smoking is prohibited on all flights.

Electronic devices including laptops, tablets

and mobile phones may not be used during

take-off and landing.

Hand luggage

Place hand luggage in the overhead storage

or beneath the seat in front of you. Cabin crew

will remove hand luggage from passengers

seated in exit rows for take-off and landing.

1 Get a good night’s sleep, eat a light

meal and get some gentle exercise

before your flight.

Travel

On The Move

Six top tips for a healthy and comfortable journey

2 Wear comfortable clothing and shoes.

3 Keep your circulation going by standing

up and walking in the aisle when

possible. Flex muscles in your feet, arms,

shoulders and neck.

4 Low cabin humidity on longer

journeys can cause dry eyes, nose and

throat. Remove contact lenses and apply

“To get lost is to

learn the way”

– African proverb –

moisturiser and lip balm. Avoid salt,

drink plenty of water and moderate

your intake of alcohol, tea and coffee.

5 When travelling across time zones

your body’s sleep rhythms can become

disrupted, leading to insomnia, loss of

appetite and fatigue. Try to give yourself

some time to adjust to new night and

day cycles when you arrive.

6 On arrival spend as much time as

possible outside. Sunlight helps your

body to adjust to a new time zone.

Seat adjustments

Ensure your seat is upright for take-off and

landing.

Infants

Baby-changing tables can be found in

selected toilets. The crew will help prepare

baby food. Cots are available on some flights.

Inflight service

A hot meal is normally served during longhaul

flights. Special-diet or vegetarian meals

are available when pre-ordered. There is a

courtesy inflight bar service for wine, beer,

spirits and soft drinks.

Entertainment

Seat-back entertainment featuring a range of

movies and music is available on our long- and

medium-haul flights. Please refer to the IFE

guide in Msafiri.

Take-off

The aircraft climbs steeply immediately after

take-off. Shortly afterwards you will hear

a reduction in the engine sound, while the

aircraft continues to climb. All aircraft cabins

are pressurised. Due to a change in pressure

during take-off and landing, some passengers

may experience slight discomfort in their ears.

Relieve this by swallowing, yawning or pinching

the nostrils gently, while keeping lips sealed.

Landing

After touchdown you may hear an increase in

engine noise due to the reverse thrust applied

to assist braking. Remain seated until the

engines are off and the doors are open.

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