OTTO LINNE PREIS - luchterhandt

OTTO LINNE PREIS - luchterhandt

OTTO LINNE PREIS - luchterhandt


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<strong>OTTO</strong> <strong>LINNE</strong> <strong>PREIS</strong><br />

für urbane Landschaftsarchitektur<br />

Otto Linne Award for Urban Landscape Architecture<br />

Strategies for the mouth of the Bille - Competition brief

Table of Contents<br />

Competion brief<br />

Single-stage, International Design Competition for Students and Young Graduates in Landscape<br />

Architecture<br />

1. Introductions and aims 4<br />

2. Otto Linne Award: aspirations and perspectives 5<br />

3. Sponsors<br />

4. Information about the review area 8<br />

4.1 City districts/usages 10<br />

4.2 Traffic flows and structures 18<br />

4.3 Water bodies 20<br />

4.4 Green areas/spaces 22<br />

4.5 Current plans/prospects 28<br />

5. Project brief 44<br />

6. Otto Linne - one of Hamburgs`s major landscape gardeners and architects 48<br />

7. Photo documentation 50<br />

8. Procedure 58<br />


1. Introduction and Aims<br />

The intention behind the Otto Linne Award is to reward designs which develop a forward-looking attitude<br />

to urban landscape architecture. Following the reinstatement of the award in 2009, for which<br />

young landscape architects were required to come to grips with a complex situation where Hamburg-<br />

Altona slopes down to the Elbe, the brief for the 2011 Otto Linne Award calls into question the classic<br />

limitations of landscape architecture and focuses on Rothenburgsort district’s “Stadttor Südost” (the<br />

south-east ‘gateway’ to the city) and the area round the mouth of the Bille river - a site where there is<br />

a massive overlapping of issues involving traffic planning, the built environment, urban development<br />

and, of course, open space planning.<br />

More than hitherto, it is hoped that the Otto Linne Award will encourage designers to take a long, hard<br />

look at the principles and conceivable perspectives of urban landscape architecture. The intention is<br />

that work on the issues raised by this part of Hamburg will spark a high-calibre debate in professional<br />

circles, stimulate controversial ideas and find new images which make the process clear.<br />

To “provoke” those entering for Otto Linne Award into producing innovative, surprising approaches to<br />

a solution, the issues and project brief have not been closely defined. Specifically, the jury is not looking<br />

for feasible designs which must correspond with the stated objectives. Rather it is the task of the<br />

competition entrants to identify the challenges of this location themselves and to develop their own<br />

project brief – relating to the specific place selected and with a view to stating a general position on the<br />

profession of “landscape architect” now and in future.<br />

The challenge of the 2011 Otto Linne Award<br />

For the Otto Linne Award in 2011 the sponsors have deliberately chosen not to narrowly define the issues<br />

to be addressed or the associated review area, in order to promote entrants’ creativity. Competitors<br />

should enter into a dialogue with the location, soak up its atmosphere and at the same time reflect on<br />

the nature of forward-looking, urban landscape architecture and how it might be adopted for the area<br />

around the mouth of the Bille. Just as Otto Linne, himself a pioneer accustomed to thinking outside the<br />

box, would have liked. The sponsors are convinced that the entrants will submit forward-looking, creative<br />

answers which will allow them to embark on a fresh debate about urban landscape architecture.<br />


2. Otto Linne Award: aspirations and perspectives<br />

Following questions are intended to illustrate the goal to which the Otto Linne Award for Urban Landscape<br />

Architecture aspires and describe the perspectives:<br />

• What issues are currently associated with future-oriented landscape and open space planning?<br />

• Which methods and procedures seem likely, from the landscape architect’s point of view, to provide<br />

convincing answers to the recognized challenges of climate change, consumption of resources,<br />

information overload, rapid obsolescence, an aging population and an increasing diversity<br />

of lifestyles?<br />

• In what direction could and should the professional profile of the modern landscape architect<br />

develop? What role/position might planners take?<br />

• Which media seem to offer suitable ways of communicating contemporary landscape architecture<br />

to a range of different actors and encouraging them to contribute or become involved?<br />

The Otto Linne Award invites a debate on the perspectives adopted by professional landscape architects.<br />

It is hoped that the entries will spark a debate about the ways in which the job of the urban landscape<br />

architect has changed over the last few decades and how the profession should or must develop.<br />


3. Sponsors<br />

Ministry of Urban Development and the Environment (BSU) -<br />

management of Otto Linne’s legacy of parks and gardens<br />

As a consequence of the Greater Hamburg Law of 1937 the various gardens departments of what had<br />

been independent towns and municipalities were grouped together and centralized. After 1949 Hamburg<br />

became a single municipality with seven boroughs. The BSU has its own specialists for urban green<br />

spaces and, together with the garden departments in the boroughs, sees itself as heir to a tradition of<br />

parks and gardens management which originated in places such as Harburg, Wandsbek, Altona, and<br />

historic Hamburg.<br />

igs internationale gartenschau hamburg 2013<br />

From April to October of the year 2013 Hamburg will once again be the venue of an international garden<br />

show. The goal is to create a park for the 21st century on the Elbe island of Wilhelmsburg, Europe’s<br />

largest river island. The location itself already suggests that here too the attractive Hamburg mixture of<br />

water and greenery will be playing a leading role. This blend will be enriched by modern themes such<br />

as open-air fitness programmes, and recreation and exercise in pleasant surroundings. Apart from its<br />

waterfront situation, Wilhelmsburg’s chief characteristics are an international population and its closeness<br />

to the port. This inspired the igs 2013 to choose “Around the world in 80 gardens” as its motto.<br />

The design of the gardens, stimulating play areas and a wide variety of food and drink will reflect the<br />

cultural diversity of this Elbe island. The igs 2013 will spread its wings beyond Wilhelmsburg. Cooperation<br />

projects are being initiated in the metropolitan region of Hamburg too. The igs 2013 sees the Otto Linne<br />

Award as a way to foster a fundamental debate among the students and young graduates of schools of<br />

landscape architecture about current urban landscape architecture issues – by encouraging participants<br />

from many countries to work on solutions for Hamburg’s areas of future development.<br />


“The mouth of the Bille is a<br />

transit space, inner city periph-<br />

ery, disjointed infrastructure,<br />

workplace and home at one and<br />

the same time. Over the course<br />

of time, changing uses, land-<br />

scape and architectural<br />

interventions<br />

and migration patterns of the<br />

local populace will once again<br />

reveal the potential of natural<br />

spaces in the area round the<br />

mouth of the Bille.”<br />

Hans Gabányi, Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg, Minis-<br />

try of Urban Development and the Environment

4. Information about the review area<br />

The review area is fringed by neighbourhoods with diversified structures and uses and differing characters.<br />

Areas mainly given over to light industry abut residential quarters, which in turn rub shoulders<br />

with office blocks; this variety of usages is then criss-crossed by roads, railways and waterways.<br />

The mouth of the Bille is like a hinge linking the various types of use and it is already apparent that the<br />

effect is both to divide and to connect.<br />

The city neighbourhoods which give the review area its face are described below.<br />

8<br />

review area<br />

review area

Wholesale Market<br />

Oberhafen<br />

Lock<br />

City South<br />

B 4<br />

Flood control basin<br />

Bille<br />

Piggyback rail station<br />

(Huckepackbahnhof)<br />

9<br />

review area

4.1 City districts/usages<br />

Hammerbrook<br />

(Hamburg urban development forum 1993)<br />

Hammerbrook is north of the Bille, next to the flood control basin. Historically, Hammerbrook developed<br />

in three separate stages:<br />

Marshlands until 1850<br />

Regulating the flow of the Bille in the 13th century created the cultivated landscape of Hammerbrook.<br />

Dykes and drainage systems permitted agricultural use. In the 14th century the area was brought within<br />

the city boundaries. The process of splitting inner from outer Hammerbrook began in the 17th century<br />

with the completion of Hamburg’s defensive ring wall which ran where Heidenkampsweg now is. In the<br />

first half of the 19th century Hamburg‘s systematic development plan led to the growth of an early industrial<br />

era mixed-use area in inner Hammerbrook. In 1842 the Hamburg-Bergedorf railway was opened<br />

and extended to Berlin in following years.<br />

The eastern or outer Hammerbrook district, which directly adjoined the newly created flood control<br />

basin, become increasingly popular with craftsmen and farmers and as a place for bourgeois pleasure<br />

gardens, creating a unique environment within the meadow landscape.<br />

Gruenderzeit developments and reformed architecture prior to the 2nd World War<br />

From 1880 onwards, the expansion of industrial production and the opening up of new markets<br />

thanks to improved transport infrastructure resulted in the redevelopment of outer Hammerbrook in<br />

the Gruenderzeit style. Along the continuation of Middle and South Canals, the practice of Hamburg<br />

merchants to have access to their buildings from both road and waterway was adopted for sites being<br />

developed for industry, and the Bille was canalized accordingly.<br />


Deutsche Grundkarte<br />


The preferred uses for plots of land with street-only access were multi-storey residential block developments.<br />

At the same time a comprehensive infrastructure was created, including schools, churches,<br />

bathing facilities, municipal utilities and parks.<br />

The no-frills Reform architecture of the 1920s particularly made its mark in the east of the district and<br />

remains in evidence to this day.<br />

The Nazi dictatorship planned to systematically clear Hammerbrook of its residential population. Especially<br />

large numbers of Communist voters lived in the area, and it was decided to reserve this section<br />

of the city exclusively for port and industry use in the “Greater Hamburg” that was to arise after “final<br />

victory” had been won. Housing in the marshland, the lowlands by the Elbe, was deemed detrimental<br />

to the “Health of the Nation” and declared a planning taboo for urban developers.<br />

The area was almost totally destroyed in the 2nd World War. Before July 1943 40,000 residents lived<br />

here; after 10 days of bombing raids only a few hundred were left. The SS forced the survivors out of the<br />

district and sealed it off hermetically. And so a gigantic city of the dead lay in the heart of Hamburg.<br />

The destruction was cynically called a “fortunate happening” that would allow buildings reflecting<br />

Nazi town-planning ideology to be put up instead. This historical shock brought changes that are still<br />

felt today, because the general plan developed at the time later became the foundation for post-war<br />

rebuilding plans.<br />

Development up to 2010<br />

Large parts of Hammerbrook remained uninhabited ruins. Based on the rebuilding plan (1948/54) the<br />

area was designated a zone of predominantly industrial use. A residential population persisted only<br />

in the east, huddled together in temporary housing. Picking up the threads of pre-war life, business<br />

restarted in the stimulants-making industry, vehicle trading & repair, forwarding, wholesaling and<br />

warehousing and the provision of public utilities. The new comprehensive plan (UK equivalent, local<br />

development framework) of 1973 and the draft programme plans of 1977 cemented the development of<br />

a monostructure which started with the 1948/54 designation as industrial zone where people work but<br />

do not live.<br />


Not until the regional landscape programme of 1990 was drafted, was the proposal made to use larger<br />

swathes of “outer Hammerbrook” for a mix of homes and workplaces. There were also plans, in the<br />

context of “environmental redevelopment”, to reduce existing pollution and to extend the green finger<br />

connections already in the area and develop possible new options for such wedges, especially along the<br />

edge of the Bille.<br />

City South<br />

Until 1943 City South, a neighbourhood in the Hammerbrook district, was a densely populated area with<br />

good infrastructure where most of the residents were working class families. After the Second World War<br />

the authorities decided against rebuilding the housing areas, and as a result the site remained derelict<br />

for many years. In the 1980s plans were developed, and later implemented, to build offices in west<br />

Hammerbrook in order to satisfy rising demand for office space and relieve some of the pressure on<br />

Hamburg city centre. In 1995 the City South advocacy group was founded and set itself the task of trying<br />

to make the location, which is ideally served by a local train service, more attractive. For example a supermarket<br />

was opened in the area, there is now a twice-weekly street market, public spaces have been<br />

made more attractive and the lighting in the train station improved in the interests of greater safety.<br />

Today, central City South offers around 1 million m² of office space, covering a total area of 82 ha. Some<br />

27,000 people work here, but only 700 live in the area.<br />


Outer Hammerbrook<br />

To the east the outer Hammerbrook neighbourhood of Hammerbrook borders on the flood control basin<br />

and its salient feature is a very heterogeneous structure.<br />

Usage<br />

• Housing in the eastern third only<br />

• In the west: mixed use comprising manufacturing, wholesale, retail and services<br />

• Large area where utilities and waste disposal businesses operate next to the flood control basin<br />

• Sports fields next to the flood control basin, planned by Otto Linne<br />

Green spaces/water bodies<br />

• Green spaces along the sides of the flood control basin and isolated pockets on the bank of the Bille<br />

• In general consisting only of roadside trees<br />

• Allotments in the east<br />

• In the east between Bille and Süderstrasse there is a large conglomeration of public and private<br />

green space, most of it lawns<br />

HafenCity<br />

HafenCity is currently the biggest inner city development project in Europe. The 157-ha-site is being developed<br />

into a new waterfront city district, to be used for a mix of workplaces and homes, retail outlets,<br />

leisure pursuits, gastronomy and culture. Size alone is not all that makes this project unusual. Unlike<br />

similarly dimensioned urban development projects, it occupies a central inner-city location.<br />

HafenCity’s distinguishing features are the high quality of the architecture and open space design plus<br />

a wide variety of relationships with the water.<br />

HafenCity is steadily taking shape and maturing into a distinctive district in Hamburg’s central city. Almost<br />

half of the construction volume underlying the master plan that was adopted in 2000 has either<br />

been completed, is now being built or is guaranteed by deed of sale and an undertaking to build on<br />

the land purchased.<br />


Rothenburgsort<br />

Hamburg’s Rothenburgsort is a classic working<br />

class neighbourhood covering about 7.6 square<br />

km. This area is home to 8,938 people, for a population<br />

density of 1,176 inhabitants/km². Manufacturing<br />

dominates the district, which is situated<br />

at the point where the Bille empties into the<br />

Elbe; it has widely varying structures: Billhuder<br />

Island with allotments (38 ha), an industrial estate<br />

(Billwerder Ausschlag Island) which is cut<br />

through the middle by Bullenhuser Canal, railway<br />

facilities and local rail stations, a residential<br />

neighbourhood and Entenwerder Park.<br />

The Entenwerder Elbe Park opened in 1997 on<br />

the derelict Entenwerder peninsula where port<br />

activities had been discontinued; together with<br />

Trauns Park on its eastern border, it offers a recreation<br />

area for the local populace of Rothenburgsort.<br />

Trauns Park was created by Otto Linne<br />

between 1923 and 1925.<br />

Billwerder Ausschlag<br />

Billwerder Ausschlag is a river island in the Elbe<br />

belonging to Billwerder Island. The name “Ausschlag”<br />

refers to its position outside the areas<br />

protected by dykes. This district became part of<br />

Rothenburgsort in 1970. It covers an area of 4.5<br />

km² and stretches for 3.1 km from east to west.<br />

Existing use study<br />

hamburg urban development forum 1993<br />

Master Plan HafenCity East<br />

March 2011<br />


“It could be that intermediate spaces,<br />

disjunctions, confusion and jagged edges should not be swept aside. Perhaps we<br />

must instead see them as hidden chances to revitalize and re-invent this piece of<br />

urban no man’s land.”<br />

Bertel Kahlet Bruun, landscape architect, Hamburg<br />

“The mouth of the Bille is a non-place! Why? – after all, it seems to have a Mediter-<br />

ranean character, or why else do a ristorante, pizzeria and trattoria survive here … and<br />

that in the open air, too,<br />

Is that a contradiction? Everyone wants Mediterranean style! Or do a lot a people mean<br />

despite noise, dust and dirt.<br />

something else by Mediterranean?<br />

I think this place is exciting, a real challenge for a city that is proud of its greenery and<br />

wants to be a metropolis at the same time!”<br />

Hanns-Jürgen Redeker, Bundesverband Garten-, Landschafts- und Sportplatzbau e.V., Hamburg (Federal association for creators<br />

of gardens, landscapes and outdoor sports facilities)

Cleared piggyback rail station<br />

(Huckepackbahnhof) at Billhorner Brückenstraße<br />


4.2 Traffic Flows and Structures<br />

Road traffic<br />

Four-lane thoroughfares intersect in the review area and degrade the south east entrance to the city by<br />

making it one of Hamburg’s biggest traffic junctions. Travelling south, two Federal trunk roads, the B4<br />

(Amsinckstraße) and the B75 (Heidenkampsweg) merge here into the Billhorner Brückenstrasse which<br />

then crosses the Elbe.<br />

The daily volume of traffic on these roads is: Amsinckstraße 62,000 vehicles/24 hrs, Heidenkampsweg<br />

57,000 veh./24 hrs, Billhorner Brückenstrasse/Neue Elbbrücken 100,000 veh./24 hrs (numbers at:<br />

27.1.2009, Ministry of Urban Development and the Environment, traffic figures)<br />

Rail traffic<br />

From east to west and from north to south main-line trains cross the area around the mouth of the Bille<br />

on elevated tracks.<br />

In Hammerbrook and Rothenburgsort there are two central stops for the local S-train service in the immediate<br />

vicinity of the review area. Every ten minutes S21 trains to Bergedorf/Aumühle and S3 trains to<br />

Neugraben leave Hamburg main station heading for a stop at one of these stations.<br />

The S3 is elevated (about 20m high) and passes directly over the mouth of the Bille area before crossing<br />

the Elbe. Starting from Hamburg main station the ICE route to Berlin passes between the wholesale<br />

market and Hammerbrook and traverses the centre of Rothenburgsort parallel with the S-train lines.<br />

There is a train once an hour and the trip to Berlin main station takes an hour and a half.<br />


Trafficplan<br />

Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg, 2008<br />


4.3 Water bodies<br />

The Elbe<br />

The Elbe, whose source is in the Krkoknose Mountains of the Czech Republic, flows through Germany on<br />

its way to the North Sea and a central section of the river flows through Hamburg. It is Hamburg’s major<br />

transport waterway, bringing 140.4m tonnes of cargo to or from Hamburg port every year.<br />

The Elbe is 1,091.5 km long, its first 364 km are in the Czech Republic and 727 are in Germany, where it<br />

flows through major cities such as Dresden, Magdeburg and Hamburg.<br />

The Bille<br />

The Bille flows into the Elbe from the north-east, having travelled 65 km from its source near Trittau,<br />

east of Hahnheide nature reserve. The first 42 km flow through Schleswig-Holstein, the remaining 23 km<br />

through Hamburg.<br />

Approaching from the east, the Bille snakes between Hammerbrook and Rothenburgsort, through<br />

Brandshofer lock into Oberhafen and from thence into the Elbe.<br />

Although some stretches are used for industrial purposes, the Bille is mainly the domain of pleasure<br />

boats which either travel upstream to the north-east or use the lock to enter the Elbe.<br />

The area around the Bille varies a great deal, depending on whether it is being used for industry or<br />

private purposes. Industrial buildings, power stations, waste incineration plants and a container rail<br />

station stand in contrast to weekend homes and allotments.<br />

Two of east Hamburg’s nature reserves are on the banks of the Bille, low-lying Boberger Niederung and<br />

Billetal valley. Features of Boberger Niederung, in the Hamburg district of Bergedorf, are moors and<br />

bogs, fen woodland, damp meadows, sand dunes and heath.<br />


“By the Alster, by<br />

the Elbe, by the Bill,<br />

everyone can do just<br />

whatever he will.<br />

That is the refrain of a Low German folk song from<br />

Hamburg.<br />

The rhyme contains two core messages:<br />

Hamburg lies on three rivers! The third, the Bille,<br />

is barely recognizable as a river, at least not in the<br />

review area.<br />

In the past, people did do whatever they wanted<br />

with and around the Bille, most alterations being<br />

dictated by the demands of trade and industry.<br />

Towards the objective of re-casting the Bille as being, as it were, part of a “Gateway to the City” the following impressions<br />

need to be countered:<br />

• The natural scenery of the Bille is no longer recognizable. But it still, as in the past, flows<br />

through Hammerbrook (brook is a Low German word for the low-lying area surrounding<br />

water), in front of the northern Horner Geest. The Bille is used mostly for transportation or for<br />

supplying trade and industrial sites from the water.<br />

• Very few parts of its banks still offer public access and can be used for leisure pursuits.<br />

The space is characterized and dominated by roads, most of them several lanes wide, traffic intersections<br />

and the mainline railway.<br />

Currently a green space corridor is being developed from the north along the side of the flood control basin. However<br />

there is no bridge over the Bille apart from on the roads.<br />

An important part of the riverbank where the flood control basin empties into the Bille is occupied by the recycling<br />

centre and thus closed to the public. There is considerable noise nuisance.<br />

Note:<br />

The green finger along the flood control basin on the northern edge used to be a park; called the “Stoltenpark”, it<br />

was laid out in 1920 by Hamburg’s director of gardens Otto Linne and until the night bombing raids in the 2nd World<br />

War was a recreation spot for the residents of the housing areas then situated to the east.”<br />

Dieter Schramm, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gartenkunst und Landschaftskultur e.V. Hamburg / Schleswig-Holstein section (German society for gardens<br />

and landscapes)

4.4 Green Areas/Spaces<br />

The review area’s place in the landscape programme<br />

Overall development planning for natural areas and landscape in the built and unbuilt areas of the Free<br />

and Hanseatic City of Hamburg is set down in the landscape programme. In tandem with the revised<br />

version of the comprehensive plan, it was adopted by the House of Burgesses in 1997 as a binding official<br />

planning instrument. The legal foundation for the landscape programme is the Federal Nature Conservation<br />

Act and the corresponding Hamburg State law (see section 4 HmbBNatSchAG on the Hamburg landscape<br />

programme and sections 9, 10, 11 of the federal law BNatSchG). Apart from planning statements<br />

concerning species and biotope conservation, natural systems and the visual quality of landscape, the<br />

landscape programme is chiefly concerned with statements on the structures of the integrated open<br />

space system in Hamburg. The integrated open space system called “Hamburg’s Green Network” consists<br />

of landscape axes, green rings and green finger connections and, above all, a variety of green<br />

areas, and has been singled out as a separate technical concept. Its overriding goal is to network parks,<br />

playgrounds and sports grounds, allotments and cemeteries with wide green space corridors and narrow<br />

green finger connections and in the process, apart from providing open space for the populace, to<br />

contribute to organizing and structuring the city.<br />

In the review area for the Otto Linne Award 2011 the landscape programme defines a landscape axis<br />

along the Bille. This landscape axis, the Bille axis, includes the entire course of the Bille and the open<br />

space on its banks from the eastern section of the Bille in Bergedorf up to its mouth. The objective of<br />

the landscape axis is to network the open spaces and biotopes in an east-westerly direction and it is<br />

thus the major organizing structural element in the large expanse of the industrial estates of Billbrook-<br />

Hammerbrook-Billwerder Ausschlag-Rothenburgsort. The particularly important “intersections” here<br />

are where the Bille axis crosses the green space corridors running north-south along the flood control<br />

basin via Rothenburgsort to Entenwerder and through Billhafen and Oberhafen basins around the<br />

mouth of the Bille; these form part of the Elbe landscape axis and facilitate integration with the western<br />

section. In the context of the conversion areas in the eastern HafenCity and the Brandshof area up to Billebecken,<br />

this section of the lower reach of the Bille is the backbone for fresh ideas on how to restructure<br />

the townscape of this area.<br />


“Grünes Netz Hamburg“<br />

landscape programme Hamburg, June 2010<br />


Since 1997 the landscape programme has designated a green strip on both banks of the Bille, either as<br />

public park or as a garden with limited use. On the map a dotted strip denotes the edge of the landscape<br />

axis and thus where it is separated from built-up space. This is to bring attention to the transitional<br />

space between landscape axis and built-up area which demands especially high standards of<br />

design in order to accomplish said transition. In the area around the north bank of the Bille basin (south<br />

of Hammer Dyke/west of Billwerder Steindamm) plans are currently being drafted for the development<br />

of a mixed use area with improved qualities of open space.<br />

Moreover, in the review area the landscape programme describes the opening and completion of an<br />

uninterrupted walkway along the flood control facility, in front of the wholesale market via Brandshofer<br />

lock to Billhorner Brückenstrasse. The creation of this public pathway is seen as an urgent priority in order<br />

to connect the inner city, which is expanding into the HafenCity, with Rothenburgsort and, progressing<br />

east along the Elbe axis, with the important local recreation area of Vierlanden and Marschlanden.<br />

In some sections plans are already being made to improve these pathways along the Elbe. Likewise the<br />

area formerly occupied by the piggyback rail freight station Rothenburgsort is marked as a site still in<br />

need of a clearly defined purpose. Here it is especially important to create a green finger connection<br />

between the flood control basin and Rothenburgsort/Entenwerder/Elbe.<br />

The area around the Bille mouth between the lock and where the Heidenkampsweg crosses over is<br />

fringed by trees and bushes which are entered in the landscape programme as green space with limited<br />

utility. In the area of the junction where the major roads Amsinckstraße/Heidenkampsweg diverge the<br />

lay-out of the intersection has produced extensive areas of lawn which are in a reasonably good condition<br />

but are very underutilized due to their location and the noise levels.<br />

The trees standing parallel with the Amsinckstraße are laid out in highly structured manner, whereas<br />

the trees growing around the Billhornerbrückenstrasse/Röhrdamm traffic junction seem to have been<br />

planted without much planning. Renewal and redesign work on the Billhorner Brückenstrasse began<br />

in 2010. Part of this task involves replanting and this will be done in accordance with the “Master Plan<br />

Hamburg Elbe Bridges” adopted by the Senate.<br />


“This is a place that has been completely<br />

alienated and altered by typical<br />

urban developments and infrastructure planning. The historic, natural structures<br />

of the mouth of a river – where the Bille empties into the Elbe – are no<br />

longer visible and barely imaginable. This place is a typical example of dynamic<br />

change in a big city: a variety of traffic routes with differing importance in the<br />

historic context overlap in this place, and while they form its characteristic face,<br />

they also call out for change and development. The Italian restaurant is pioneering<br />

the re-invention of this place; on the one hand it seems rather lost<br />

between heavy traffic and industry, on the other hand, however, it signalizes<br />

hope for new moves to reclaim this isolated area for the general public.<br />

The place communicates an image of contradiction and challenge: creativity<br />

and dynamism in the context of an ideas competition for the mouth of the Bille<br />

can present the area from a new perspective, however it will never achieve ultimate<br />

perfection but remain in a state of permanent evolution.<br />

The potential of this place has yet to be invented.”<br />

Heiner Baumgarten, managing director, internationale gartenschau hamburg 2013

Open space planning competition for a green<br />

space corridor along the flood control basin in<br />

Hamburg-Hammerbrook<br />

(From the explanatory text of landscape architects<br />

lohrer, hochrein, Munich)<br />

In the summer of 2009 the Ministry of Urban<br />

Development and the Environment initiated an<br />

open space planning competition for a green<br />

space corridor along the flood control basin,<br />

which was won by landscape architects lohrer.<br />

hochrein landschaftsarchitekte. This design is<br />

currently being revised. The first section, between<br />

Süderstrasse and Bullerdeich, is to be completed<br />

by the final presentation year of Hamburg International<br />

Building Exhibition in 2013. The building<br />

start is scheduled for the spring of 2011. The<br />

design is derived from the following planning<br />

concepts:<br />

The new park by the basin is to act as an overarching<br />

link between Alster and Elbe, while at<br />

the same time spurring developments that will<br />

help local residents identify with the area.<br />

Sequence of spaces<br />

The backbone of the park is an extensive, treelined<br />

boulevard, running like a transparent<br />

green curtain parallel with the basin. This provides<br />

forecourts to the houseboat jetties. The in-<br />

26<br />

Winner open space planning competition<br />

“Grünzug am Hochwasserbassin“ 2009

terplay of light and shade, the sparkle of the water and the greenery overhead are the natural design<br />

elements of a promenade that has pleasantly minimalist furniture.<br />

Size matters: A broad axis has been chosen in order to communicate the expansiveness of a contiguous<br />

park lay-out and to provide enough space for people to stroll or cycle through. From beneath this<br />

green canopy there is a view to the west of urban waterfront areas and small canals. To the east, the<br />

functional “inlays” of the green space corridor dock onto the boulevard. In the direction of the railway<br />

embankment there are open spaces which can be used for a variety of activities and are framed by a<br />

path that is slightly elevated above the ground This path offers a circular tour round the park. It will<br />

especially please walkers and joggers.<br />

Inlays<br />

The various uses that already exist here and the proposed areas between boulevard and walkway are<br />

set into the design of the park as windows of opportunity. The stable framework of built pathways, the<br />

structuring qualities of vegetation and the sequence of places combine to allow for possible changes in<br />

future, e.g. swapping one sporting use for another.<br />

At its southern tip the outer edge will be a kind of urban stage created by the sculpturing and functional<br />

modelling of the terrain, offering a far-ranging vista of the park. An expanse of lawn at the intersection<br />

of the waters with a gradient oriented to catch the sun will create a sense of wide open space and offer<br />

a lot of scope for extensive use of the park, such as sunbathing, picnicking or even open air concerts.<br />

Copyright Floating Homes GmbH, www.floatinghomes.de<br />


4.5 Current Plans/Prospects<br />

Study on “Creative milieus and open spaces in Hamburg”<br />

The purpose of this study commissioned by the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg’s Ministry of Urban<br />

Development and the Environment is to add the dimension of urban space to the city’s economic prospects.<br />

Part of this study included outline solutions and targeted ways in which the cultural and creative<br />

economy could be advanced.<br />

The urban space and socio-economic aspects of creative milieus in Hamburg were examined and some<br />

examples presented in case studies. In order to implement the overriding objective, six fields of action<br />

were defined: new land use policy, user-oriented infrastructure, dynamic development procedures,<br />

legal framework, finance/grants and communication/cooperation.<br />

Analysis of types of milieu and locations in the case of Brandshof<br />

The industrial and commercial area between Bille and Billhorner Brückenstrasse, known as “Brandshof”<br />

is labelled an area that is changing radically. It is home to inspirational projects such as Kubik 2009,<br />

the existing atelier of Marc v.d. Broek und the Oelfrue gallery. The Brandshof Festiv, which is held once<br />

a year during the summer months, has its roots in the area of the Elbe bridges and features temporary<br />

happenings and events.<br />

The narrow strip around Brandshofer Dyke is a collection of commercially used and empty buildings. The<br />

former inland shipping headquarters, a centrally situated building complex, was bought by an investor<br />

after subculture activities had put it on the map, and is now being steadily redeveloped as a residential<br />

and cultural site.<br />


Scenario: “Creative image building – Oberhafen area”<br />

• Potential of Oberhafen set in the triangle formed by opposing forces of the inner city, HafenCity and<br />

Brandshof<br />

• Continuation of the “Art Mile” towards the south east, linking it to an urban space that is already<br />

used by creative people<br />

• The potential axis from west to east would run through: Oberhafen bridge/quarter – Oberhafen/<br />

wholesale market – Bille mouth – Brandshofer Dyke<br />

Scenario:<br />

“Creative image building – Oberhafen area”<br />


Scenario: “Office city 2.0.” - Hammerbrook<br />

• Presents itself as an urban space that will be important for urban future development due to its<br />

central location in the immediate neighbourhood of the inner city and HafenCity, its good traffic<br />

infrastructure, its proximity to the Elbe bridges and the motorway and the large number of waterfront<br />

sites<br />

• The current monostructural pattern of use does not accord with what is needed of locations that are<br />

potentially key to the city<br />

• Potential of the location: good quality of life on the waterfront, central location for experimenting<br />

with water sites, access via waterways, reasonably priced area with vacancies<br />

The study identified the area around Brandshofer Dyke as currently being a satellite in the cultural and<br />

creative heavens. But when HafenCity has been completed, its eastern edge will come very close to<br />

Brandshofer lock, meaning there is a great deal of potential for this area.<br />

30<br />

Scenario: “Office city 2.0.” - Hammerbrook

Piggyback rail station (Huckepackbahnhof)<br />

The roughly 10.6 ha site of the former piggyback freight station Rothenburgsort (south of Billstrasse, east<br />

of the S-train station Rothenburgsort), where trucks used to be loaded onto trains up to the 1990s, is<br />

designated for commercial use. In April 2002 the Senate Commission for Urban Development and the<br />

Environment therefore decided to use the former rail facility for the “provision, securing and development<br />

of commercial building sites”. In 2007 the site was declared no longer required for the operation<br />

of rail services and it was bought by the city.<br />

The “Master Plan Elbe Bridges” from 2007 describes development perspectives for the south east access<br />

to Hamburg from Veddel up to Heidenkampsweg. Large parts of Rothenburgsort, including the piggyback<br />

station, were included in the deliberations. In the area surrounding the old piggyback station it is<br />

planned to designate a roughly 60 m wide strip east of the Billhorner Brückenstrasse as a core business<br />

district (CBD). The development aim of designating this CBD is to make Billhorner Brückenstrasse an urban<br />

road space with correspondingly high buildings put to appropriate uses. The intended height (six to<br />

seven stories, a few ten-story buildings) is not suitable for industrial purposes.<br />

Another aim of the master plans for the site of the old piggyback station is to lengthen the Alster-Elbe<br />

green axis, by creating a green finger connection leading through a cutting in the railway embankment<br />

in the south and, as an extension of Billhorner Mühlenweg, arching through to Entenwerder Elbe Park.<br />

The printed matter “Master Plan Elbe Bridges” was presented to the Senate in November 2007 which<br />

adopted the objectives described.<br />

Following various preliminary talks between the department for urban and landscape planning at Hamburg-Mitte<br />

borough council offices and the other specialist departments of government involved, and<br />

when the survey of the site had been completed, the borough council commissioned a preliminary traffic<br />

survey in October 2010. The competent department for urban and landscape planning will initiate the<br />

procedures to arrive at a legally binding land use plan in May/June 2011.<br />


The site of the piggyback rail station has just been cleared of interim uses (used car dealer). In the course<br />

of 2011 what remains of the facility (rails, ties, points, gravel etc.) will be removed by the prior owner. At<br />

the end of 2011/early 2012 work is due to start on unexploded ordnance (UXO) clearance and the cleaning<br />

up of inherited pollution.<br />

Costly traffic infrastructure measures will be needed to facilitate site development (including cutting<br />

through the south rail line) so that it is predicted that the site will not be ready for construction work in<br />

terms of planning permission and feasability until about 2016.<br />


Master plan city gateway south east<br />

The Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg has had<br />

a master plan drafted for the development of the<br />

area around the bridges across the Norderelbe<br />

(north arm of Elbe). The objective of this urabn<br />

development concept is to create a more structured<br />

space out of the heterogeneous and fragmentary<br />

environs of Billhorner Brückenstrasse<br />

and give it an aspect that better reflects its role<br />

as a major entry into Hamburg.<br />

Chicago Square in HafenCity<br />

The completion of Chicago Square in the eastern<br />

part of HafenCity will create a new urban meeting<br />

point. Similar to the more westerly squares<br />

it will have various levels, and numerous cafés,<br />

restaurants, bars and shops will move into the<br />

neighbouring buildings.<br />

Master Plan Elbbrücken<br />

Urban planning concept, 31.10.2007<br />


“… what remains!<br />

It is spring. May, to be precise. The trees and bushes are still decked in fresh green.<br />

Light green. Delicate. Not yet covered by the dust of the summer and exhaust fumes<br />

from the four hundred thousand cars registered in Hamburg. A mighty backdrop of<br />

noise mingles with the freshness of spring where the Bille meets the Elbe. And the ten,<br />

eleven members of the Otto Linne advisory committee add their voices and motion to<br />

the scene.<br />

We look at this space. Try to understand it. Grasp its essence. We want to determine<br />

whether it can be a suitable space for the Otto Linne competition 2011. Next to the carpark,<br />

immediately alongside this unspectacular confluence of the Bille with Hamburg’s<br />

larger, more important river, there is a pizzeria. With an energetic owner. With tables<br />

and benches outside.<br />

Is this place suitable only for diners with no wish to talk or communicate? Or is eating<br />

here a pleasure only to those who appreciate the place, wish to concentrate on it and<br />

make an effort to experience it more deliberately than all other alternatives in Hamburg?<br />

Or is it just the Italian character of the place? Like the noise and hustle-bustle of<br />

the Via Celio Vibenna next to the Colosseum in Rome? Where locals and tourists – who<br />

are often crazy anyway, sit right next to the road, eating, drinking and shouting above<br />

the noise.

At any rate this restaurant on the Bille is busy. In summer people sit outside. Or is it this<br />

magic location, on the periphery of Hamburg. At the entrance to the city, where a tourist<br />

has to decide in a split second whether to fork to the north or west of Hamburg.<br />

This is one of the busiest intersections in the city. For decades people have been talking<br />

about what a “welcome to Hamburg” should look like. Green surrrounds this junction, still<br />

very close to the mouth of the Bille, Hamburg’s second biggest river, which comes into the<br />

city from the east, creeps almost unnoticed through the industrial areas and then, with a<br />

total lack of drama, disappears into the Elbe. The Bille simply vanishes in this rich, succulent<br />

and lush expanse of green. For years some of Hamburg’s most special fans have been<br />

hiding in their dachas on the verdant edge of the river. And some of the city’s vagrants<br />

sometimes doze the summer away here. A countryside vacation. A holiday between roads,<br />

commuter trains, freight tracks and industrial relics.<br />

The decision to choose this place is clear-cut. Because the place is so difficult, being neither<br />

one thing nor the other, being unable to decide wither it is the gateway to Hamburg,<br />

a refuge for animals, plants and people who need little to be satisfied, it does in fact offer<br />

a wealth of opportunity. This is something for young people, because we older ones always<br />

know in advance why it won’t work here. The care-free attitude of the stranger is needed.<br />

The creativity of the unyielding. The innovative will of people who have not yet given in to<br />

routine. This is a place for competitions.”<br />

Werner Steinke, Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg, Ministry of Urban Development and the Environment

5. Project Brief<br />

There has been a deliberate decision to define no specific project brief for the Otto-Linne Award 2011.<br />

Competitors’ task is to form their own opinions about the planning area described above. By closely<br />

examining the place and how it is linked with the rest of the city, entrants are to identify for themselves<br />

what the development of this place involves in terms of themes and challenges and present their plans<br />

for answers to the problem. Contestants are called upon to develop creative concepts which will express<br />

a convincing and forward-looking attitude in terms of urban landscape architecture.<br />

The most important concern is to create an integrated overall strategy for the open space planning of<br />

the review area of the south-east gateway to the city/Bille mouth in the Hamburg-Mitte borough of<br />

the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg. From now on it is left to the contestants’ discretion whether<br />

they examine a large, contiguous area or concentrate on a part area or place within an area, or on an<br />

exemplary detail.<br />

Thematic fields<br />

All entrants are invited to discuss the challenges currently facing landscape architects and open space<br />

planners as they relate to this site and to help develop solutions. The following themes seem unavoidable:<br />

Spatial unit of the landscape; Bille mouth - Elbe<br />

Many Hamburg residents are unfamiliar with the Bille as a spatial unit of the landscape. And yet it is an<br />

important part of Hamburg’s watercourse topography, even if, in the process of industrialization, the<br />

place where it empties into the Elbe has been remoulded and relocated so that it is now barely visible or<br />

tangible - neither as a waterway, nor as a place for sports and leisure. Although it is still a strong presence<br />

in the eastern district of Hamburg-Allermöhe, where many appreciate the attractive open space it<br />

provides, the mouth of the river has been obscured by buildings, is overgrown, inaccessible and hidden.<br />

Moreover, its relationship with or connection to the Elbe and other nearby waters (flood control basin)<br />

seems unclear and unresolved. History and present significance, use and usefulness, environment and<br />

accessibility, the aesthetics and atmosphere of this water (space): these are the keywords indicating<br />

which aspects should be treated in greater depth.<br />


Brandshofer Lock<br />

private boat jetty<br />


South-east entrance to the city<br />

The review area embraces something that for many years has repeatedly been a discussion point in<br />

Hamburg, the “south-east gateway to the city”. Everyone travelling the road over the Elbe bridges has<br />

to arrive in this space – and is surprised by the infrastructure-heavy aura of the area, coming so soon<br />

after the far more emotional act of crossing the Elbe. In the past many planners have produced their<br />

concepts for turning this place into a worthy entrance into Hamburg. In the process, special attention<br />

was concentrated on the great hopes for developing the former piggyback station, which, being a large,<br />

continuous stretch of derelict space, has enormous potential for the redevelopment of Rothenburgsort.<br />

The following keywords point to issues regarding development based on urban planning for the built<br />

environment and open spaces: inner periphery and backyard view, concision in urban development and<br />

imposing open space in the metropolis, fundamental rearrangement of space or incremental strategy,<br />

townscape and architectural measures or distinctively planned open spaces?<br />

Homogeneous or heterogeneous pattern of use<br />

In the review area a variety of uses and “no-uses” clash with each other. It is a production site (National<br />

Starch), a trading site (wholesale market and commerce), a place to live, eat out and offer services. A<br />

neighbourhood of old warehouses, buildings worth preserving and worthless storage halls is now gaining<br />

a reputation as an up and coming creative quarter. At present it seems underused, although is has<br />

already been officially discovered and is part of a municipal strategy of developing quarters for creative<br />

people in Hamburg. There are a few options on the market for using the water – from workplaces to<br />

houses to sports and tourism. Asking what the location’s use profile is raises a core question: which uses<br />

might – unlike today – be more compatible with each other in future? Is it possible to achieve a new<br />

coexistence between hitherto incompatible uses and users? What principles would apply? Which use<br />

would have priority? Can one use displace another? Are certain uses no longer appropriate these days?<br />

What new uses are conceivable? What role is played by infrastructure which is put to varyingly intensive<br />

use, or by air and noise pollution?<br />


New ways to create urban infrastructures<br />

Infrastructure has an enormous influence on the look of this area: roads, railtracks, waterways, bridges,<br />

underpasses, public and private transport, freight and people. A derelict rail freight station. Infrastructure<br />

creates links and also erects barriers in the urban space. And that is especially true of this place.<br />

Infrastructure creates all kinds of tensions which become an issue – raising not only the question of how<br />

traffic is organized but of its compatibility with other uses, of the aesthetics of the place, the quality of<br />

the supply of utilities to the place and the entire city. What spatial qualities seem desirable: a place to<br />

linger or simply a transit space? A link or a barrier?<br />

No place/non-place<br />

• The review area is full of contradictions and opposites. It lies between city districts, is known throughout<br />

the city without possessing its own identity. It has excellent connections, but everyone just wants<br />

to pass through quickly. From here attractive places like Billebecken, Entenwerder, Veddel and HafenCity<br />

seem quick and easy to reach. Do places like these actually need their own identity? Who would think<br />

that important? Can its identity not remain as this “no place/non-place” and work concentrate simply<br />

on how it is perceived?<br />

Framework conditions<br />

Overall strategies<br />

The place seems hard to grasp in its entirety. The complexes of themes listed above are suggestions to<br />

help stimulate the finding of solutions tailored to the place and also general approaches to urban landscape<br />

architecture: what open space, urban development, artistic plans and strategies can help to end<br />

the lack of orientation found here or in similar places.<br />

Review area<br />

The stipulated review area is not delineated by a designated planning area. It should rather be understood<br />

as a space for exploring the themes described. Therefore every entrant is free to choose the limits<br />

and size of the space he/she addresses. This will be connected with the chosen focus theme and the<br />


40<br />

Mouth of the Bille

overriding overall strategy. It is possible, depending on where the thematic focus lies, to show how the<br />

proposals fit into a larger or smaller spatial context. What is essential is that, in terms of scale and coverage,<br />

entrants have a convincing reason for making their chosen spatial demarcation. Every entrant is<br />

called upon to focus their themes and approaches to a fine point. It is certainly not required that every<br />

draft should cover and process every possible aspect and theme. It is far more important to concentrate<br />

on the idea and statement (and at the same time do justice to the complex situation) and to do everything<br />

possible to make the entry lucid and powerfully convincing.<br />

Interdisciplinary work<br />

The participants are expected to produce entries which show, by the way the communication has been<br />

prepared, perhaps even in the methodology, a clearly defined attitude to the perspective of the professional<br />

landscape architect in relation to architecture and urban planning, traffic planning and art, communication<br />

design and process management. To obtain checks and balances, participants are urgently<br />

recommended to form interdisciplinary teams in which completely differing viewpoints and approaches<br />

to action can be discussed and drafted across disciplinary borders. The jury would explicitly like to see<br />

landscape architects heading teams which include, for example, town planners and architects, traffic<br />

planners and sociologists, communication designers and artists.<br />

Communicate imaginatively, stimulate discussion<br />

In keeping with the way the project brief has been left open-ended, creative, unconventional, debateprovoking<br />

forms of presentation should be developed in line with the theme(s) on which the entry has<br />

focussed. It is hoped that the entrants will be stimulated into adding other forms of expression such as<br />

comics, newspapers, films or art installations to the customary preparation of plans and models. Great<br />

importance will be attached to a transparent, logical connection between form and content, i.e. the<br />

medium should be chosen carefully for the specific theme. The entries must be capable of being presented<br />

and judged at a jury meeting. All entrants must also provide a sheet with a summary of the core<br />

contents of their work inasmuch as they use media other than drawings.<br />


6. Otto Linne - One of Hamburg`s major landscape<br />

gardeners and architects<br />

42<br />

Otto Linne<br />

Otto Linne, born on 2 December 1869 in Bremen,<br />

learned gardening at the Royal Gardens in Dresden.<br />

After his military service in Rostock he attended<br />

the Gardening Instruction and Research Institute<br />

at the Game Park in Potsdam. Brief stints<br />

followed as a gardening technician at the municipal<br />

gardens departments in Berlin-Treptow,<br />

Lübeck and Dresden-Blasewitz. In 1894 Linne<br />

became chief municipal gardener in Magdeburg.<br />

Five years later the 29-year-old was appointed<br />

director of gardens in Erfurt. Here he completely<br />

reformed the administration of gardens and created<br />

numerous new facilities. After nine years,<br />

he left for Essen, where he worked in the same<br />

capacity. As the last large German city to do so,<br />

Hamburg established its own gardens department<br />

at the beginning of the year 1914. Up until<br />

then, gardening and cemetery management had<br />

been the responsibility of the engineering department<br />

of the building authority. Otto Linne<br />

was chosen as Hamburg’s first director of gardens.<br />

Under Linne’s stewardship the plans for<br />

Hammer Park were advanced and Hamburg Municipal<br />

Park (Stadtpark) opened to the public.

Otto Linne’s work in Hamburg was interrupted by the outbreak of the First World War. After the end of<br />

the war he dedicated himself to restructuring the parks and gardens in Hamburg. As a result of postwar<br />

changes in society, the vast majority of people were unable to make much use of the existing parks and<br />

green spaces. The poorer sections of the population in particular lacked both time and money to visit<br />

the more distant parks. Thus Linne’s main priority was to create a dense network of numerous smaller<br />

parks in direct proximity to the heavily populated housing areas where, instead of purely decorative<br />

gardens, local residents would have space for recreation, games and sports. An office was set up to deal<br />

with allotments; it was tasked with the provision of assistance to allotment gardeners, fair allocation<br />

of the gardening land and the designation of additional sites. Under Linne’s management numerous<br />

open air facilities, some of them quite considerable, were created in Hamburg between 1914 and 1929:<br />

6 parks, including the transformation and replanting of Horner Park, Wehbers Park, Trauns gardens<br />

Hayns gardens and Hammer park,<br />

3 green space corridors<br />

13 grass playgrounds and sun-bathing lawns<br />

78 children’s playgrounds (including the first adventure playground in Jungiusstrasse)<br />

42 sand pits and 15 paddling pools<br />

9 gardens for senior citizens<br />

38 sports grounds<br />

91 permanent lease gardens<br />

Otto Linne’s artistic design for the Municipal Park and his extension to Ohlsdorf cemetery were much<br />

admired (1914-1920).<br />

On 31.12.1933 Otto Linne retired and died three and a half years later in Klein Flottbek. Linne’s garden<br />

design was typical of the “New Garden Architecture” of the opening decades of the 20th century. Otto<br />

Linne was a pioneer of designing public gardens so as to develop and cleverly utilize existing open<br />

spaces in ways that benefited the people while attaching great importance to leaving the elements of<br />

the landscape intact.<br />


7. Photo Documentation<br />

44<br />

1<br />

2 3<br />

5 4<br />

Branshofer Deich

1 Brandshofer Lock bridge, view of the lock<br />

2 Brandshofer Lock bridge,looking north 3 Private boat jetty<br />

4 View of the Bille 5 View under the ariele elevated<br />


46<br />

13<br />

6<br />

7<br />

Amsinckstraße and traffic junktion<br />

Amsinckstraße/Billhorner Brückenstraße<br />

10<br />

9<br />

8<br />

11<br />


6 View of Amsinckstraße bridge 7 Amsinckstraße bridge,lookib north<br />

8 Traffic junktion<br />

11 View of Billhorner<br />

Brückenstraße bridge<br />

9 Mercedes high-rise building<br />

12 Piggyback rail station<br />

(Huckepackbahnhof)<br />

10 Billhorner Brückenstraße bridge<br />

13 Amsinckstraße, looking west<br />


48<br />

16<br />

19<br />

Brandshofer Deich and<br />

Billhorner Brückenstraße/Elbbrücken<br />

15<br />

17<br />

14<br />

18<br />


14 former inland shipping headquarter 15 Brandshofer Deich 16 Brandshofer Deich<br />

17 Construction material depot at Billhorner Brückenstraße<br />

18 Billhorner Brückenstraße<br />

19 View from the Elbbrücken 20 Billhorner Brückenstraße,<br />

Holiday Inn<br />


50<br />

CitySouth in the city district of Hammerbrook<br />

and the float control basin (Hochwasserbassin)<br />

23<br />

24<br />

26<br />

25<br />

21<br />


21 View of Bullerdeich bridge 22 View from Bullerdeich bridge<br />

23 View of a boat jetty 24 View of “Berliner Bogen”<br />

25 View from the bridge at Süderstraße 26 View over Mittelkanal looking<br />

west<br />


8. Procedure<br />

1. Sponsors<br />

igs internationale gartenschau hamburg 2013 gmbh<br />

Pollhornbogen 18<br />

21107 Hamburg<br />

Contact: Dr. Hanna Bornholdt<br />

Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg<br />

Ministry of Urban Development and the Environment<br />

Stadthausbrücke 8<br />

20355 Hamburg<br />

Contact: Werner Steinke<br />

in agreement with the borough council Hamburg-Mitte<br />

2. Procedural support<br />

büro <strong>luchterhandt</strong><br />

stadtplanung.stadtforschung.stadtreisen<br />

Wrangelstrasse 18<br />

20253 Hamburg<br />

Tel: +49 (0) 40/707080-70<br />

Fax: +49 (0) 40/707080-780<br />

buero@<strong>luchterhandt</strong>.de<br />

www.<strong>luchterhandt</strong>.de<br />

contact: Daniel Luchterhandt, Lena Schüttken<br />


3. Occasion, purpose of the competition<br />

The Otto Linne Award, sponsored by the internationale gartenschau hamburg 2013 gmbh and the Free<br />

and Hanseatic City of Hamburg, will go to the winners of an international ideas competition dedicated<br />

to urban landscape architecture. The competition is addressed to students and young graduates (up to<br />

39) of landscape architecture. It is recommended that landscape architects head working groups composed<br />

of town planners, architects, traffic planners and artists etc.<br />

The award is named after Hamburg’s first director of gardens, Otto Linne (2 Dec. 1869 - 4 June 1937); a<br />

man with progressive ideas, plans and designs for all aspects of municipal green space, he played a key<br />

role in determining the pace and nature of developments in Hamburg.<br />

In presenting this award, igs 2013 and the City of Hamburg wish to act in the spirit of Otto Linne by<br />

promoting the development of students and young landscape architects and honouring excellent design,<br />

scientific and artistic achievements in the field of landscape gardening and green space planning.<br />

Moreover, it is hoped that the public perception of landscape gardening and architecture can<br />

be heightened when good examples of the art are honoured in the shape of competition awards.<br />

Municipal projects for open and green areas will be examined in the light of the “Hamburg Quality of<br />

Open Space Campaign” and discussed in the public arena. Public awareness of Hamburg’s landscape<br />

architecture will be promoted by publications in the national and international press.<br />

Additionally, the large number of proposals submitted in a competition process facilitates the process<br />

of optimizing objectives and concepts for the principal/borough in a way that would not be possible if<br />

a single planner were commissioned with the task. This competition could make it easier and faster to<br />

implement a good idea in a difficult place.<br />


4. Type of procedure<br />

The competition is being organized as a single-stage, international ideas competition for open space planning,<br />

addressed to students and young landscape architecture graduates. The procedure is anonymous.<br />

5. The task<br />

The object of the competition is to create an integrated overall strategy for the open space planning of the<br />

review area, i.e. the south-east gateway to the city/Bille mouth in the Hamburg-Mitte borough of the Free<br />

and Hanseatic City of Hamburg. It is left to the contestants’ discretion whether they treat a large, contiguous<br />

area, or concentrate on part of an area, a place within an area, or on an exemplary detail.<br />

6. Eligibility<br />

Students and young graduates from schools of landscape architecture are eligible to participate if, at the time<br />

the competition is announced, they are no older than 39. Students and graduates from other fields will be<br />

admitted only if they are part of a working group with landscape architects. Only students and graduates are<br />

eligible whose 40th birthday falls after the date of the announcement of the competition (date of birth on<br />

or after 1st March 1971).<br />

The participants will be registered when they request the competition documents and when they submit<br />

their entries. A record will be made of name, date of birth, address, telephone number, e-mail address<br />

and current occupation plus proof of subjects studied and/or academic degree. In order to participate in the<br />

competition contestants are required to register online at www.<strong>luchterhandt</strong>.de on or after 16 February 2011.<br />

Together with confirmation of registration, each entrant will receive details of how to access and download<br />

the competition documents. The competition brief and planning principles are available from 1st March 2011<br />

and may be downloaded free of charge.<br />


It is the responsibility of every entrant to check whether he/she is eligible. Contestants participate on<br />

their own responsibility. The declaration of authorship supplied on submission of each competition entry<br />

shall state first name and surname of everyone involved with the work. In the case of group works,<br />

one member (with a landscape architecture background) is to be named group leader. A copy of the<br />

student identification card or of the diploma/bachelor‘s or master‘s degree certificate or similar qualification<br />

and a copy of the identity card/passport are to be included with the declaration of authorship on<br />

submission of the competition entry. No contestant may submit more than one entry to the competition.<br />

7. Eligible countries and competition language<br />

The competition is open to every country in the world. Competition languages are German and English.<br />

8. Jury<br />

Members of the jury:<br />

• Heiner Baumgarten, managing director, internationale gartenschau hamburg 2013 gmbh<br />

• Hans Gabanyi, head of the regional and landscape planning department at the Ministry of Urban<br />

Development and the Environment, Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg<br />

• Bodo Hafke, head of the economics, construction and environment department, office for the<br />

management of public space, Hamburg-Mitte borough council<br />

• Henri Bavar, landscape architect, Karlsruhe (enquired)<br />

• Christa Reicher, town planner, Aachen<br />

• Mania Lohrengel, landscape architect, Berlin<br />

• Birgiit Schmidt, University Weihenstephan-Triesdorf<br />


Substitute members:<br />

• Uli Hellweg, managing director of IBA Hamburg GmbH.<br />

• Dr. Heike Tiedemann, regional and landscape planning department at the Ministry of Urban<br />

Development and the Environment, Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg<br />

• Gerd Baum, head of the urban green spaces department, office of urban and landscape planning,<br />

Hamburg-Mitte borough council<br />

• Johannes Böttger, jbbug büro urbane gestalt, Cologne (enquired)<br />

• Maria T. Wagener, Regionalverband Ruhr, Essen<br />

• Sophie Holz, landscape architect, Berlin<br />

• Luca Gilic, landscape architect, Berlin<br />

Guests<br />

• N.n, a politician<br />

• N.n, a politician<br />

• N.n, a politician<br />

• Horst von Bassewitz, arts forum Freie Akademie der Künste in Hamburg e.V, chairman of the<br />

architecture section<br />

• Kerstin Berg, BDLA – Hamburg section, Bielfeldt + Berg<br />

• Jan Michael Runge, Hamburg Chamber of Architects<br />

• Dieter Schramm, DGGL e.V., Meyer – Schramm - Bontrup<br />

• Hanns-Jürgen Redeker, Bundesverband Garten-, Landschafts- und Sportplatzbau e.V., Hamburg<br />

(Federal association for creators of gardens, landscapes and outdoor sports facilities)<br />

• Dr. Lutz Spandau, Allianz environment trust<br />

• Katharina von Ehren, German arboriculture association,<br />

• Robert Schäfer, publishing house Callwey Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, gardens + landscaping editor<br />

• Prof. Dr. Martin Prominski, Leibniz University Hannover, Institute for landscape architecture<br />

• Dipl.-Ing. Martin Kohler, HafenCity University Hamburg, town planning<br />

• Prof. Ariane Röntz, Dipl.-Ing., University of Kassel, FB 6–Architecture, town/landscape planning<br />


• Bertel Kehlet Bruun, Breimann & Bruun Garten- und Landschaftsarchitekten MAA (landscape<br />

gardeners and architects), Hamburg<br />

• Peter Köster, landscape architect, arbos Landschaftsarchitekten GbR<br />

• Hans Gabányi, Ministry of Urban Development and the Environment, Free and Hanseatic City<br />

of Hamburg<br />

9. Experts<br />

• Heiner Baumgarten, managing director, internationale gartenschau hamburg 2013<br />

• Hanna Bornholdt, internationale gartenschau hamburg 2013 gmbh<br />

• Werner Steinke, regional and landscape planning department at the Ministry of Urban<br />

Development and the Environment, Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg<br />

• Sylvia Wiegers, borough council Hamburg-Mitte, economics, construction and environment<br />

department, office for the management of public space<br />

• Olaf Bahr, regional and landscape planning department, landscape and green space<br />

planning section, at the Ministry of Urban Development and the Environment, Free and<br />

Hanseatic City of Hamburg<br />

The sponsors reserve the right to appoint further experts.<br />

10. Preliminary examination<br />

The preliminary examination will be conducted by büro <strong>luchterhandt</strong>, Hamburg, in cooperation with<br />

igs 2013 gmbh, the Ministry of Urban Development and the Environment of the Free and Hanseatic City<br />

of Hamburg and Hamburg-Mitte borough council. The sponsors reserve the right to appoint additional<br />

experts and preliminary examiners.<br />


11. Announcement of the competition result<br />

All entrants and members of the jury will be notified of the results when the jury has completed its<br />

deliberations. The sponsors will display to the public all competition entries, naming the author(s) of<br />

each. The exact exhibition dates and sites will be announced in due time.<br />

12. Documents<br />

58<br />

• Competition brief<br />

• Aerial photo<br />

• Plans showing historical development<br />

• Digital municipal property maps DSGK 1:5000<br />

• Excerpts from legally binding land use plan<br />

• Excerpt from comprehensive (LDF) plan<br />

• Basic cadastral info (dwg/dxf)<br />

• Excerpt from the landscape programme<br />

• Standing trees<br />

• Map of sealed surfaces<br />

• Map of traffic volumes<br />

• Layout plan City South<br />

• Competition “Green space corridor along the flood control basin” layout plan<br />

• Master Plan Elbe Bridges Redevelopment (urban planning concept, building structures and<br />

typology, uses, landscape concept)<br />

• HafenCity layout plan<br />

• Photos of the photographic documentation<br />

13. To be provided by entrants<br />

To be provided by entrants<br />

• A free representation of the principal design idea<br />

• Outline drawing clarifying how the project would be integrated into the urban setting and

open spaces with reference to the current and future situation, representation of the functional<br />

spaces in the green corridor and how project connects with the surrounding urban and landscape<br />

structures, proposal of a concept for future land-use<br />

• Structural plan on a scale of 1:5,000 (including elevations)<br />

• Design presented on a scale chosen by the entrant<br />

• Explanation of the landscape architecture design idea through optional use of detail drawings,<br />

sketches, perspectives or topographic sections<br />

• Explanatory report with the reasoning behind the design concept<br />

All plans and documents are to be submitted in digital form on a CD (plans as dxf files and tif format<br />

without compression, CMYK, 150 dpi in the original size).<br />

• Declaration of authorship (printed form)<br />

• Copy of student identification card or diploma/bachelor’s or master’s degree certification or<br />

similar qualification<br />

• Copy of identity card/passport<br />

• Declaration of commitment for the use of digital data<br />

Formal specifications:<br />

• At least 1 plan DIN A0 portrait format (118.9cm x 84.1cm) rolled up; max. 3 plans DIN A0 portrait<br />

format (presentation plans)<br />

• Explanatory report (max. 2 DIN A4 pages),<br />

• One set of preliminary examination plans (may be submitted folded),<br />

• CD with digital version of the complete work (dwg/dxf files, tif format im CMYK mode, explanatory<br />

report in pdf format)<br />

The use of presentation media (videos, artworks, photos, other objects, digital media etc.) is explicitly<br />

welcomed and permitted for the judging process, inasmuch as they do not occupy more than 3 m²<br />

(equivalent to 3 DIN A0 sheets) of wall or floor space. Films may not run for longer than 3 minutes. No<br />

more than one screen/projector may be used for each entry.<br />


14. Assessment criteria<br />

60<br />

• Originality of the design idea<br />

• Artistic design and spatial quality<br />

• Landscape architecture quality<br />

• Procedural quality<br />

• Innovative content<br />

• Originality of the presentation<br />

• Interdisciplinary quality<br />

• Have current issues regarding a forward-looking landscape and open space planning process<br />

been identified and addressed?<br />

• Were new methods/approaches developed in order to supply answers to the challenges?<br />

• Were new media used? Which contemporary media appear to offer suitable ways of<br />

communicating to a range of actors the kind of landscape architecture that is appropriate to<br />

our times?<br />

Further criteria:<br />

• Development of an overall strategy/ quality of the strategy/ future viability of the strategy<br />

• Treatment of/highlighting the landscape space at the mouth of the Bille<br />

• Integration/emphasizing the city entry/traffic junction in the south east<br />

• New infrastructure concepts<br />

• Treatment of contradictions and opposites at this no place/non-place

15. Prize and purchase money<br />

Total available prize money for the competition is 12,000 EUR (net).<br />

1st prize 5,000.00 euros<br />

2nd prize 3,000.00 euros<br />

3rd prize 2,000.00 euros<br />

4th prize 1,200.00 euros<br />

5th prize 800.00 euros<br />

The jury may unanimously decide to allocate the prize money in different manner.<br />

16. Further queries and colloquium<br />

Queries must be addressed in writing to büro <strong>luchterhandt</strong> (buero@<strong>luchterhandt</strong>.de) no later than 13<br />

April 2011. Answers will be given at the queries colloquium to be held on 28 April 2011. The minutes of<br />

the queries colloquium will become part of the competition brief and be sent to all entrants.<br />

17. Identifying the works<br />

Competition entries are to be submitted anonymously. Plans and all other documents will be marked<br />

with a six-figure code number in the top right-hand corner, any objects submitted will also be marked<br />

with the code in clearly visible manner (inside a frame of no more than 6 cm wide by 2 cm high). The<br />

code number must also be marked on the CD. The declaration of authorship and proofs of eligibility are<br />

to be submitted in a separate, closed, non see-through envelope marked with the code number.<br />


18. Deadline for submission<br />

Works clearly marked “Otto Linne Award” may be delivered personally to the offices of büro <strong>luchterhandt</strong>,<br />

Wrangelstraße 18, 20253 Hamburg. Deadline for submission is 8 Sep. 2011. Work submitted by<br />

post or by any other carrier shall be deemed to have met the deadline if the date stamp shows the date<br />

indicated above. If the mailed item does not have a date stamp, then proof of delivery shall be provided<br />

by means of an appropriate postal receipt.<br />

19. Invoice address for prize money and fees<br />

igs internationale gartenschau hamburg 2013 gmbh, Pollhornbogen 18, 21107 Hamburg<br />

Invoices made out to the above named recipient are to be sent to büro <strong>luchterhandt</strong>. When the invoice<br />

has been checked this competition support office will forward it to igs 2013 gmbh.<br />

20. Copyright<br />

All works distinguished with prizes and purchases shall become property of the sponsors. The designers<br />

of the drafts shall retain the copyright and the right to publish the designs. The sponsors are entitled<br />

to use, for the envisaged purpose, the competition works submitted by the designers who will be asked<br />

to undertake further planning work. The designers and their legal successors shall be obliged to permit<br />

deviations from their competition works. Section 14 of the 2nd Law on Copyrights and Related Industrial<br />

Property Rights (German copyright law) of 9 Sep.1965 (Federal Gazette I p.1273) shall remain unaffected.<br />

Prior to any substantial alteration in the execution of the work, the designers are to be consulted, inasmuch<br />

as such is reasonable. Suggestions from the designers shall be taken into consideration unless<br />

the sponsors are of the opinion that economic or functional concerns, which are to be communicated,<br />

stand in the way of implementation.<br />

Minor partial solutions belonging to any other work that is not specified for execution shall be considered<br />

compensated and may be used by the sponsors. The sponsors shall have the right to publish first.<br />


They shall be entitled to publish the entries submitted to the competition without any further remuneration.<br />

The designers and their co-workers are to be named.<br />

The sponsors shall be liable for damage to or loss of works submitted to the competition only if they<br />

have acted with gross negligence.<br />

21. Competition schedule<br />

1st Feb. 2011 Registration starts<br />

1st Mar. 2011 Planning principles and competition brief made available<br />

1st Mar. 2011 Start of the competition<br />

13 Apr. 2011 Deadline for queries<br />

28 Apr. 2011 Colloquium on queries received<br />

08 Sep. 2011 Submission of competition entries<br />

20 Oct. 2011 Jury meets<br />

02 Dec. 2011 Awards ceremony and exhibition start<br />


Imprint<br />

Editor<br />

igs internationale gartenschau hamburg 2013 gmbh<br />

Pollhornbogen 18 · 21107 Hamburg<br />

www.igs-hamburg.de<br />

Koordination: Dr. Hanna Bornholdt<br />

Conception<br />

büro <strong>luchterhandt</strong><br />

stadtplanung.stadtforschung.stadtreisen<br />

Daniel Luchterhandt, Lena Schüttken<br />

Wrangelstraße 18 · 20253 Hamburg<br />

www.<strong>luchterhandt</strong>.de<br />

Text<br />

igs internationale gartenschau hamburg 2013 gmbh<br />

Behörde für Stadtentwicklung und Umwelt<br />

büro <strong>luchterhandt</strong><br />

Corporate Design<br />


Lokstedter Steindamm 31<br />

22529 Hamburg<br />

www.kameko.de<br />

Translation<br />

Angela Weckler<br />


List of illustrations<br />

Regional and landscape planning department at the Ministry of Urban Development and the Environment:<br />

pages 19, 23, 26, 29, 30, 33, 42<br />

Borough council Hamburg-Mitte: pages 2, 9, 11, 15, 19, 44, 46, 48, 50<br />

HafenCity Hamburg GmbH: page 15<br />

lohrer hochrein landschaftsarchitekten: page 26<br />

Machleid + Partner: page 33<br />

Floating Homes GmbH: page 27<br />

Interessensgemeinschaft CitySüd: page 15<br />

Study on “Creative milieus and open spaces in Hamburg”: pages 29, 30<br />

büro <strong>luchterhandt</strong>: pages 2, 8, 17, 37, 40, 45, 47, 49, 51<br />


igs internationale gartenschau hamburg 2013 gmbh<br />

Pollhornbogen 18 · 21107 Hamburg<br />


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