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Newsletter No - Blue Mountains Association of Cultural Heritage ...

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HERITAGENEWSLETTER OF THE BLUE MOUNTAINS ASSOCIATIONOF CULTURAL HERITAGE ORGANISATIONS INC.JULY - AUGUST 2012 ISSUE <strong>No</strong>. 22Governor opens ‘The Red Admiral’exhibition at Mt WilsonGOVERNOR <strong>of</strong> NSW, Pr<strong>of</strong>essorMarie Bashir, AC CVO <strong>of</strong>ficiallyopened “The Red Admiral” – anexhibition <strong>of</strong> Patrick White’s yearsat Mount Wilson last monthMt Wilson and Mt Irvine HistoricalSociety celebrated the centenary <strong>of</strong>Patrick White’s May 28, 1912 birthdate with the opening <strong>of</strong> anexhibition that examines the writer’searly years at Mt Wilson.It highlights the impact <strong>of</strong> both theAustralian natural environment andthe influence <strong>of</strong> working class andwealthy society individuals andfamilies that were to strongly shapeWhite for the remainder <strong>of</strong> his life.“He [White] was one <strong>of</strong> our greatestwriters and this exhibition enrichesour understanding <strong>of</strong> him,” saidPr<strong>of</strong>essor Bashir .“The hidden yearnings <strong>of</strong> White’scharacters are what I have mostenjoyed and now I am inspired torevisit them,” Pr<strong>of</strong>essor Bashirsaid.David Marr and Barbara Mobbs,White’s biographer and literaryexecutor respectively, were alsoguests <strong>of</strong> the society at the opening.A specially commissioned 25minute DVD <strong>of</strong> White, and hisrelationship to Mt Wilson, premieredat the exhibition.The film featured interviews withthree Mt Wilson residents, PeterValder, Mary Reynolds and LibbyRaines. Another three localresidents – Rachael Kohn(interviewer), Huw Evans (narrator)and Fiona Carruthers (producer) –also made significant contributionsto the film.Mary Reynolds, OAM , the Governor <strong>of</strong> NSW Pr<strong>of</strong>essor MarieBashir AC CVO and Des Barrett at the exhibition openingDr Bernadette Brennan and DrSusan Lever, two respectedacademics from the University <strong>of</strong>Sydney and the <strong>Association</strong> for theStudy <strong>of</strong> Australian Literature(ASAL), and David Marr were alsointerviewed in the video and exploreMt Wilson’s influence on White’sworks.Both the video and the exhibitionmaterial were enthusiasticallyreceived by attendees.Most people were genuinelysurprised at the deep affectionWhite had for his childhood homeand the pr<strong>of</strong>ound influence it had onhis work.At the conclusion <strong>of</strong> the openingformalities, Des Barrett, president <strong>of</strong>the Mt Wilson and Mt IrvineHistorical Society, presented $5,000to ASAL for the purpose <strong>of</strong> study atpost-graduate level (MA or PhD) <strong>of</strong>the literary work <strong>of</strong> Patrick White.ASAL have nominated that thescholarship would be jointly sharedby Georgina Loveridge from theUniversity <strong>of</strong> Sydney and LorraineBurdett from the University <strong>of</strong> NSW.Both Georgina and Lorraineattended the opening and werepresented to the audience byBernadette Brennan, ASAL’spresident.The exhibition is now in winterrecess and will move to the MtWilson Turkish Bath in Septemberthrough to May 2013.Details <strong>of</strong> opening hours during thisperiod will be announced at a laterdate.The DVD can be obtained bycontacting Tim Gow athistoricalsociety@mtwilson.com.auor on (02) 4756 2032. A donation tothe Society <strong>of</strong> $15 to cover postageand copying costs is suggested.HERITAGE 1July - August 2012


Crisis for regional touristicon Zig Zag RailwayONE <strong>of</strong> the region’s premier touristattractions the heritage Zig ZagRailway at Clarence suddenlyclosed last month and could be <strong>of</strong>fthe rails for months after its boardreceived notice to cease operationsfrom the Independent TransportSafety Regulator (ITSR)Larry Zanker, chairman, Zig ZagRailways issued the followingstatement: “Zig Zag railway hasbeen operating both steam anddiesel rail motor trains seven days aweek for many years now.“Unfortunately this intensive runningschedule is taking its toll <strong>of</strong> ourlocomotives and carriages.“Zig Zag Railway is currentlydeveloping a whole new set <strong>of</strong>procedures to ensure that we will beable to return to the services we<strong>of</strong>fered before.”An ITSR spokesperson said theregulatory body did not considerthere was an immediate threat tosafety at the attraction but actionhad been forced by “systemic andmanagement difficulties.”NSW Transport Minister GladysBerejiklian has <strong>of</strong>fered to providethe Zig Zag Railway’s managementwith the advice, expertise andassistance it needs to update itsoperational systems to ensurecompliance with regulatoryrequirements.The Zig Zag Ralway is a 19thcentury engineering masterpieceand a renowned tourist attraction.The Zig Zag is a full size, narrowgauge tourist railway located atClarence, 10km east <strong>of</strong> Lithgow.Built in the 1860s, the line wasconstructed to transport people andproduce from the western plains <strong>of</strong>NSW to Sydney.John Whitton, chief engineer <strong>of</strong> theNSW Government Railways,designed a ‘Zig-Zag’ line - a series<strong>of</strong> gently sloping ramps in the form<strong>of</strong> a letter ‘Z’ - which alternatelypush and pull trains down theescarpment.The Zig Zag Railway, passes overthree wonderful sandstone viaductsand through two hand-hewn tunnelsplus a cutting. The views during itsdescent from the <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong>into the Lithgow Valley are striking.By the beginning <strong>of</strong> the 20th centuryrail traffic over the <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong>was heavy and the single track wasinadequate.A ten-tunnel line was constructedthrough the escarpment andcompleted in 1910 bypassing thezig-zag line.The trains, track and rolling stockare maintained and operated by theZig Zag Railway Co-op Ltd, avoluntary, “not for pr<strong>of</strong>it’ cooperative.The Zig Zag Railway appeals tochildren and adults alike, especiallythose who once rode behind steamlocomotives on the way to school oron holidays.An early photograph <strong>of</strong> the heritage Zig Zag railwayA BMACHO memberZig Zag Railway is an inauguralmember <strong>of</strong> BMACHO and itsmembers wish the railway’smanagement and volunteers aspeedy return <strong>of</strong> this greatattraction steeped in the heritage<strong>of</strong> this regionHERITAGE 3July - August 2012


Historians and friends congratulateJohn Low on Order <strong>of</strong> Australia awardMANY will have privatelycongratulated John Low on beingrecognised with an Order <strong>of</strong>Australia Medal (OAM) for hisservice to the <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> as ahistorian, author and librarianHERITAGE in a salute to John anindividual member <strong>of</strong> BMACHO, hasinvited a number <strong>of</strong> people tocomment on the work <strong>of</strong> this trulyquiet achiever.Former president <strong>of</strong> BMACHO JohnLeary, OAM has written:“Communities throughout Australiahave men and women researchingand chronicling local history, theimmense product <strong>of</strong> which is andwill be <strong>of</strong> immeasurable value t<strong>of</strong>uture students and those interestedin our heritage. Most <strong>of</strong> these goodpeople will go unheralded and JohnLow in his humble way might wellsay, ‘Why me’.“Simply … using the hackneyedphrase, ‘his award is well deserved.’He has served his community well.He has been a doer, a giver and the<strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> has been a betterplace for his coming.“John Low has a quality whichmarks him out as a person who isnot only interesting but alsointerested.“John as a historian, while alwayskeen to discover the facts <strong>of</strong> ourheritage portrays history in aninteresting manner almost as if araconteur.“<strong>No</strong>t only is John interesting but heis also interested as a spectator <strong>of</strong>what is going on around him.“I’ve learnt a greatdeal in my time aslocal studies librarianand my life in the <strong>Blue</strong><strong>Mountains</strong> has beenthe richer for it. <strong>No</strong>wit’s time to retire andlet someone elseenjoy it.”- John Low July 2, 2007John Low, OAM --- Historian, gentleman and friend to many.Photograph courtesy <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> Gazette“Wild Ephemera a collection <strong>of</strong>some his poems is indicative <strong>of</strong> hisability and skill as an unbiasedobserver <strong>of</strong> the natural and humanhistory <strong>of</strong> the <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong>.“The opening stanza <strong>of</strong> his poemLISTENING,With cries like breaking glassfive rosellas,blue and scarlet dartsfire themselvesat a hidden targetsomewherein the canopy’s confusion.My daughter is startled, butexcited.She loves the bush innocently,pointingto where the birds have gone…evokes an image which has beenpart <strong>of</strong> <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> heritagesince time immemorial.“One <strong>of</strong> the most refreshing <strong>of</strong> mymemories <strong>of</strong> John was in the earlyyears <strong>of</strong> this millennium when aschairman <strong>of</strong> the Friends <strong>of</strong>Woodford Academy; I invited anumber <strong>of</strong> local poets includingJohn Low and Deb Westbury toread poetry as a fund raiser for theNational Trust <strong>of</strong> Australia (NSW).“The day had been a success, butfor me the jewel in the crown <strong>of</strong> theday was to quietly talk and listen toJohn about Woodford Academy.“I listened enthralled to John quietlytell me what he knew about theproperty. He told me in a quitehumble manner what he knewabout the property encapsulating ina very short time more than I couldhave ever hoped to haveresearched on my own. John hascontinued to give me this sort <strong>of</strong>advice and support for more than adecade and particularly as theeditor <strong>of</strong> HERITAGE.“His advice is highly valued by allthat come in contact with him notonly in the <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> but in amuch wider sphere.“His pleasing personality andunassuming manner allows thoseseeking the benefit <strong>of</strong> hisexperience to gain access to atreasure trove <strong>of</strong> knowledge.“Others will speak and write moreeloquently than I <strong>of</strong> this giant <strong>of</strong> aman in the field <strong>of</strong> <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong>heritage and whose love <strong>of</strong> localhistory seems to know no bounds,”--- John Leary, OAMHERITAGE 4July - August 2012


“I d<strong>of</strong>f my cap to John Low, OAM”President <strong>of</strong> the <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong>Historical Society, GrahamWarmbath writes, “I d<strong>of</strong>f my cap toJohn Low, OAM”“As a boy in war time Britain,chortling over Sir David Lowcartoons <strong>of</strong> Hitler and Musollini, ifsomeone had told me that one day Ishould meet a relative, how could Ihave believed that? Yet it’shappened.“If Sir David ‘damaged Anglo-German relations’, John hascharmed us all from his ‘head full <strong>of</strong>secrets’.“Did I really think that the soldiers <strong>of</strong>the 4 th King’s Own Regiment <strong>of</strong> Footwould lead as harsh a life as those<strong>of</strong> the convicts? I could go on!“John Low is a prominent member<strong>of</strong> <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> Historical Societyand <strong>of</strong> its management committee,taking responsibility for a program<strong>of</strong> ‘walks and talks’ which hasattracted a community and grownmembership <strong>of</strong> the society.“Formerly, John was <strong>Blue</strong><strong>Mountains</strong> City Council’s localstudies librarian, based atSpringwood library. I first met Johnthere, a genial mercurial figure withwhom I felt at ease.“Fast forward to Monday June, 11last: The Sydney Morning Heraldpublishes the Queen’s BirthdayHonours List 2012… John CarlisleLow has been awarded the Order <strong>of</strong>Australia Medal ‘for service to the<strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> as a historian,author and librarian’… news thatmelted all composure.“Well done, friend. Hurrah from the<strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> Historical Society.”--- Graham WarmbathEncyclopaedic knowledgeVice president <strong>of</strong> the <strong>Blue</strong><strong>Mountains</strong> Historical Society JudyBaham writes: “As a comparativenewcomer to the <strong>Mountains</strong>, I havealways found John’s encyclopaedicknowledge <strong>of</strong> the area inspiring.“Little snippets <strong>of</strong> information givenfreely come at most unexpectedtimes.“I enjoy the lectures he gives. Theyare <strong>of</strong>ten on obscure events <strong>of</strong> localhistory which he turns into anabsorbing tale.“As <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> HistoricalSociety’s librarian, I can always turnto John for advice andrecommendations for new booksand know that what he says issound advice.“I can never hope to acquire hisknowledge <strong>of</strong> <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong>authors and their works.”--- Judy BarhamJohn Low on the verandah <strong>of</strong> “Braemar”, Springwood 1987, a buildingin which he spent considerable time as a local studies librarian.Photograph <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> City Library collection.John’s train tripsto foster localhistoryFormer president <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong>Histoical Society and currenteditor <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> HistoryJournal Dr Peter Rickwoodwrites: “It is pleasing that thecontributions <strong>of</strong> the pre-eminenthistorian in the <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong>have at last been recognised withthe award <strong>of</strong> an OAM.“One aspect <strong>of</strong> John’s activitiesthat has not been covered byothers is his willingness to travelin the interest <strong>of</strong> fostering localhistory.“For some years John madeweekly train journeys from Leurato <strong>No</strong>rth Sydney to work as avolunteer at the Don BankMuseum.“But although that is his usualmode <strong>of</strong> transport he is notrestricted to the rail corridor asone <strong>of</strong> his passions is forwalking.“Thus he has been known toattend ceremonies etc. all overthe <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> irrespective<strong>of</strong> their location and theprevailing weather conditions,and his presence is alwaysappreciated.“Congratulations John.”--- Peter Rickwood.A man unstinting<strong>of</strong> his timePresident <strong>of</strong> BMACHO and c<strong>of</strong>ounderSpringwood Historians,Pamela Smith writes: “Johndeserves the award for all the hardwork and dedication he put intobuilding up the local studiescollection from virtually nothing to avery valuable asset <strong>of</strong> BMCC.“He was always unstinting in thetime he gave to local schools,service organisations and peoplethat frequented local studies(including myself) and as a resultJohn has gained wide recognitionand respect from all thosewith whom he came into contact.”--- Pamela SmithHERITAGE 6July - August 2012


Miles and her matesin the <strong>Mountains</strong>A prolific writer and biographer <strong>of</strong> Miles Franklin,Pr<strong>of</strong>essor Emerita, Jill Roe, AO (at right) will be one <strong>of</strong> aline up <strong>of</strong> first class speakers at the <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong>History conference in October this year.Pr<strong>of</strong>essor Roe has chosen the title Miles and her mates inthe <strong>Mountains</strong> for her ‘talk’Jill is pr<strong>of</strong>essor emerita in modern history at MacquarieUniversity, Sydney.She is the author <strong>of</strong> the prize-winning Stella Miles Franklin— A Biography (2008, now available in paperback and asan e-book), and editor <strong>of</strong> selections <strong>of</strong> Miles Franklin’sletters (My Congenials, 2nd edition, 2010) and her topicalwritings (A Gregarious Culture, 2001, with MargaretBettison).She is a long-standing member <strong>of</strong> the editorial board <strong>of</strong>the Australian Dictionary <strong>of</strong> Biography. At present she isworking on aspects <strong>of</strong> regional historyAt Macquarie University, Sydney, she has most recentlyserved as Director <strong>of</strong> the Macquarie PEN Anthology <strong>of</strong> theAustralian Literature Centre.She has published books on urbanand social policy history inAustralia; also on the history <strong>of</strong>alternative religious movements,and is now a leading authority onthe life and works <strong>of</strong> Australianwriter Stella Miles Franklin.Pr<strong>of</strong>essor Roe was visitingPr<strong>of</strong>essor <strong>of</strong> Australian Studies atHarvard University from 1994-1995,and an honorary visiting fellow atthe Schlesinger Library, RadcliffCollege in 1999. She was chair <strong>of</strong>the editorial board <strong>of</strong> the AustralianDictionary <strong>of</strong> Biography from 1996-2006, an associate editor <strong>of</strong> aSupplementary Volume (2005), andis an ongoing member <strong>of</strong> the ADB’sNSW Working Party.From 1998-2002 she was president<strong>of</strong> the Australian Historical<strong>Association</strong> and is a life member.Her biography <strong>of</strong> Miles Franklin wasawarded the Queensland Premier’sHistory Book prize 2009, and theSouth Australian Premier’s nonfictionprize and the MagareyMedal for Biography in 2010.Pr<strong>of</strong>essor Jill Roe AO the author<strong>of</strong> the prize-winning Stella MilesFranklin — A BiographyMajor sponsors come on boardfor conferenceIN another boost to the <strong>Blue</strong><strong>Mountains</strong> History conference,<strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> City Council hasdonated $600 from itsCommunity Donations Program.This amount and the $500 fromthe Katoomba and Upper <strong>Blue</strong><strong>Mountains</strong> Community Bank(Bendigo Bank) will assist indefraying some <strong>of</strong> theadministrative costs associatedwith organising this importantinaugural event.who arranged for the printing <strong>of</strong>invitations for supporting theconference at no cost.“Other sponsors are also beingsought to keep the fee forparticipants within reasonablelimits,” Pamela said.See comment by Robert Stock,chairman <strong>of</strong> Upper <strong>Blue</strong><strong>Mountains</strong> Community Bank(Bendigo Bank) on page 13From 2005 to 2008 she held leadingpositions in the NSW HistoryCouncil. She has been a member <strong>of</strong>the Australian <strong>No</strong>minatingCommittee, Harvard Chair <strong>of</strong>Australian Studies since 2005, andin 2009 was appointed a member <strong>of</strong>the editorial board <strong>of</strong> HistoryAustralia.BMACHO president, PamelaSmith said government grantfunds are becoming particularlydifficult to obtain in this currentclimate.“In addition to the two majorsponsors already commit tedBMACHO would like to thank<strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> City Councillibrary, the Federal Member forMacquarie, Louise Markus MP,Thanks to Louise Markus, MP -Member for MacquarieHERITAGE 7July - August 2012


World War 2 in the <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong>By Joan EdwardsHOW did mountains people liveduring WW2?The common view was that warwould be repeat <strong>of</strong> 1914-1918; anexpeditionary force would beformed, go overseas, women wouldsend knitted socks and foodparcels, and war would be “overthere”.The Commonwealth enactedseveral pieces <strong>of</strong> legislation in thefirst week including banning certainimports, price controls andregulation <strong>of</strong> enemy aliens.Within the background <strong>of</strong>international politics and events, amere 7 million Australians occupiedthis island nation, many <strong>of</strong> whomstill called Britain “home” eventhough they had never been there.The Commonwealth Governmentdeclared the narrow coastal beltfrom Newcastle to Wollongong asthe priority area, ignoring the smallmountain settlements with dairies,poultry farms and piggeries, theholiday destinations <strong>of</strong> the uppermountains and the Lithgow Valleyindustrial area yet to recover fromthe depression.The significance <strong>of</strong> the area was notfully realised until 1942.Censorship determined what thepublic was allowed to know as wellas what the government wantedthem to believe – not necessarilythe facts.Many variations <strong>of</strong> the facts haveemerged over the years so it hasbeen necessary to rely on Trove’sdigitised major metropolitannewspapers for the wartime versionto which I have been able to addreleased information, extantnewspapers and records, oralhistories, reminiscences andunexpected, once restricted,archival material.There are several recurring themesall <strong>of</strong> which relate to the political,military, social and economicconditions at the time.Rationing was in force, some itemswere on the coupon system, othersProviding an escort to Wentworth Falls station for a patient allowed togo homewhen shopkeepers eked out theirsupplies to regular customers.Creativity and ingenuity wereparamount as local ladies driedused tea leaves to bulk out the<strong>of</strong>ficial supply sufficient for two cupsper day, or use golden syrup whenno egg was available to bind acake.Similarly they could dodge the holesin Dad’s worn out trousers, turnthem inside out and create newtrousers for the son.One pre-war development at theSmall Arms Factory, Lithgow was torevert from peacetime orders suchas golf club heads and handcuffsback to guns for which they werefamed in WW1.The output <strong>of</strong> Bren guns wasoutstanding especially in view <strong>of</strong>strikes, not receiving full set <strong>of</strong> blueprints or tools and under trainedworkforce.Lithgow’s coal mines, electricitygeneration, woollen mills, potteryworks and nearby Portland CementWorks all contributed to the wareffort.Goods to and from these locationscrossed the mountains by the onedirect road or rail line through the<strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong>.Lithgow could not house the everincreasing workforce so shantycamps developed.Secondary medical screening usingX-rays identified tuberculosis inmany recently enlisted personnel.In numerous cases it was two orthree weeks after attestation so theywere discharged into the care <strong>of</strong> theRed Cross at Bodington Sanatoriumat Wentworth Falls.Medical advances in T.B. treatmentwere in their infancy and Bodingtonbecame recognised for its care.Other male TB patients were nearbyat the Queen Victoria Homes withfewer amenities.Activity increased in the desperatedays <strong>of</strong> 1942. Brownouts were inforce, and all signage removed fromstreets and railway stations.Street lighting and vehicleheadlights were hooded.In addition to usual voluntarysupport services, volunteersundertook roles within the NationalEmergency Services (NES) aswardens, first aiders, ambulancedrivers and filled any other positionsas required.Several centres produced hundreds<strong>of</strong> camouflage nets, while otherstook up the challenge and joinedthe Volunteer Air Observers Corps(plane spotters) and provided 24hour service at Wentworth Falls andBlackheath.Continued page 9HERITAGE 8July - August 2012


Volunteer Defence Force lostits “dad’s Army imageContinued from page 8The Volunteer Defence Force lostits Dad’s Army image as it cameunder military control.They were readied for possibleinvasion, prepared for sabotage ifrequired. Gun emplacements wereestablished to defend Lithgowindustries. The route across themountains was vital.Hundreds <strong>of</strong> SAF workers werehoused in the upper <strong>Blue</strong><strong>Mountains</strong>. The workers weretransported by rail, later by buses.It is difficult to imagine the men andwomen, working 12 and 8 hourshifts respectively, travelling bybuses limited to 20 miles per hourdue to brownout regulations, oreven loaded buses travelling upVictoria Pass at that speed.The impact <strong>of</strong> voluntaryevacuations to the mountains in1942 is difficult to comprehend.Katoomba school (K to 3 rd yearhigh) had 830 pupils in 1941, andan extra 500 turned up on the firstschool day in 1942.Up to 70 extras turned up atprimary schools. Mountain boardingschools were filled to capacity andseveral Sydney boarding schoolsset up temporary boarding houses.Teachers were called up, retireesand married women taught inclassrooms or hallways or openlunch sheds or any other availablespace.Victoria Barracks needed a lessvulnerable location andrequisitioned Burnside Homes at<strong>No</strong>rth Parramatta and so buildingsto house another 500 had to berequisitioned in Springwood.Leura’s large bus depot was takento store emergency food suppliesand the Hydro Majestic Hotel for aU.S. army hospital.The pros and cons <strong>of</strong> obtainingchemical weapons for retaliatorypurposes was discussed from themid 1930s as it was known theJapanese were using them inChina.It was not until the 1990s thatcitizens knew about Glenbrooktunnel storage, even then the extent<strong>of</strong> chemical weapon storage was notrevealed. Of course, spies andenemy aliens are essential in warstories and, yes, we had them too.All this went on within mountains lifeas we know it. Droughts, storms,weddings, thefts, sporting activities,movies, bushfires, late trains, lostbushwalkers, golf results and morebushfires as well as fears,uncertainty and the stress <strong>of</strong> familyand friends serving overseas, theever increasing lists <strong>of</strong> casualtiesand the dreaded telegramannouncing missing or killed inaction.About the authorJoan Edwards is an historicalgeographer with a particular interestin people and events within theirtotal environment – physical, built,social, economic and political.This research results from Joan’sdesire to place her childhoodmemories in the environmentalcontext.Joan has produced numerouspublications over the years includingeducational texts for OxfordUniversity Press and others.Joan is the past president <strong>of</strong> the<strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> Family HistorySocity Inc.and currently its vicepresident.World War 2 in the <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong>will be published by <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong>Family History Society in 2013.DAFFODILSAT THEIR BESTMOUNT TOMAHAUGUST 18-26<strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> Botanic Garden,Mount Tomah will be supporting theCancer Council’s Daffodil Day onFriday, August 24 as part <strong>of</strong> a weeklong festival celebrating the beauty<strong>of</strong> daffodils and in anticipation <strong>of</strong> thestart <strong>of</strong> spring. For detailS see page13.Managing yourcollection workshopState Records in partnership withRAHS will conduct a regionalworkshop, Managing YourCollection on Saturday,<strong>No</strong>vember 24.Being organised by BMACHO,the workshop will be held atHobby’s Reach the property <strong>of</strong><strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> HistoricalSociety, 101 Blaxland Road,Wentworth Falls.The workshop will commence at10.30am and a cup <strong>of</strong> tea orc<strong>of</strong>fee will be available from10am.Morning tea will be providedhalfway through the workshopand a light lunch will be providedat 1.30pm.Bookings are essential by e-mailto: j.koperberg@bigpond.com orphone to Jan Koperberg 902)4754 1544.HERITAGE 9July - August 2012


SAVE 10% on early bird bookingsBLUE MOUNTAINS HISTORY CONFERENCETo be held at the historic Carrington Hotel, Katoombaon, Saturday, October 20, 2012Conference theme: “Colonial Society”with a great line-up <strong>of</strong> speakers and presentersConference tobe opened byformerpresidentRAHS, Pr<strong>of</strong> IanJack.The earlyyears <strong>of</strong> thecolony bykeynotespeaker, Pr<strong>of</strong>Paul Ashton,co-directorAustralianCentre forPublic History.Prolific writerand biographer<strong>of</strong> Miles FranklinPr<strong>of</strong>essorEmerita, Jill Roe,AO has chosenthe title Milesand her mates inthe <strong>Mountains</strong>for her ‘talk’The CarringtonHotel - a returnto the era <strong>of</strong>grace,elegance andcharm. A tourguided by PaulInnes.PROGRAMColonialdress byGlynis Jones,curatorfashion &dress design& society,Powerhouse Museum.Nature androle <strong>of</strong>gardens inthe earlysettlementperiod bySilas Cliford-Smith archivist atthe <strong>Heritage</strong> Centre, UNEMusical interlude Jim Low, folk singer, historian and writer.Bookings with full payment before August 20 will bediscounted to $45 per person ---Cost includesmorning andafternoon tea as wellas lunch in thehistoric grand diningroom <strong>of</strong> CarringtonHotel.For further information andearly bookings (capacitylimited to 120 participants)contact Jan Koperberg atj.koperberg@bigpond.comorbmacho.heritage@gmail.comHERITAGE 10July - August 2012


Paddy Ryan left his mark in stone, butmuch <strong>of</strong> his life is an enigmaPADDY Ryan, the local <strong>Blue</strong><strong>Mountains</strong> stonemason, remainssomewhat <strong>of</strong> an enigma. <strong>No</strong>t agreat deal is known about his life ororigins despite being described asan ‘early character <strong>of</strong> the district.’It appears that he did not belong toany association or group inSpringwood because when hisname was mentioned periodically inthe newspapers it was only inrelation to his pr<strong>of</strong>ession.The earliest <strong>of</strong>ficial record <strong>of</strong> Paddyis documented on the 1891 census,where it was said that Patrick Ryanlived in a private house on GroseRoad, Faulconbridge.by Pamela Smith - Springwood HistoriansA few years later the 1894-5electoral roll confirmed again thathe was still residing atFaulconbridge.His occupation had changed, andwas noted then as being a ‘farmer’.Andrew Ryan, a labourer <strong>of</strong>Springwood was also listed on thesame roll, but it is not known if thetwo were related.It is not clear how much land heowned because his name does notappear on any early maps.However, it appears that theproperty he held was located in thevicinity <strong>of</strong> Grose Road andChapman Parade.The road that is currently ChapmanParade was known initially as GroseRoad, and the present dayextension <strong>of</strong> Grose Road past thehigh school was known then asLinks Road. More specifically, itwould seem that Paddy owned theproperty where the <strong>No</strong>rman LindsayGallery is currently located.That home, along with severalothers in the district, attests to thehigh quality and enduring nature <strong>of</strong>his workmanship. Some years priorto the 1890s he is believed to havebeen responsible for the erection <strong>of</strong>several other buildings in the area.At Faulconbridge/Linden he isthought to have built Lady Martin’sBath, Martin’s Folly and a home forSir Alfred Stephen.Everton built by Paddy Ryan for the Hon John Meeks in 1875-7 is stillstanding,Around c1882-3, in the same area,he was the stonemason who builtEurama/Weemala for AndrewHardie McCulloch MP, to a designsupplied by colonial architectGeorge Mansfield.Paddy was employed again c1885-7 for the building <strong>of</strong> Everton for theHon. John Meeks. Everton stillexists. Paddy was most fortunate tohave a ‘moneyed local’ clientele.According to the Nepean Times(June 2, 1894), the skill <strong>of</strong> localstonemason Paddy Ryan was indemand again.This time he was erecting a stonecottage for Mrs Quarry (formerlyGibbes). The Times mentioned thatthe home was being built on landthat lay along Lomatia Park Road.A paper written many years ago byMrs Quarry’s grandson, Mr HBGibbes, stated that ‘severalattempts’ were made at building thecottage from stone that wasquarried from a site nearby.Unfortunately Mr Gibbes did notelaborate on what the problem was.The home later becameStonehaven, a home for boys,which was demolished 1966-7 forthe Great Western highwaydeviation.Several years later the NepeanTimes (June 18, 1898) related thatP Ryan, contractor, was about to‘finish <strong>of</strong>f’ the home that stood onproperty he had subsequently soldto Francis Foy <strong>of</strong> Mark Foy fame.Paddy had long been in the process<strong>of</strong> building the home, dubbed Eringo Brangh ---but according to thenewspaper the home stoodunfinished for many years.We have no way <strong>of</strong> knowing howFoy came to know about theproperty because it is so far <strong>of</strong>f themain road as to make it invisible toanyone passing.Perhaps Paddy advertised it for salein the paper but, if he did, we haveno record.Foy subsequently owned portions 4(80 acres), 108 (42 acres) and 110(50 acres) along the present dayChapman Parade.But it is not clear if Paddy Ryan wasthe original owner <strong>of</strong> all three lots.Continued page 12HERITAGE 11July - August 2012


Paddy before the court for having “too much“powder on the job”In March 1898 John Lawler, aSydney bedding manufacturer,employed Paddy Ryan to build hisstone cottage on a rather unevenpiece <strong>of</strong> property that he owned inRailway Parade, Springwood.The home still stands today and isone <strong>of</strong> the finest in the district. It islisted on the <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> CityCouncil heritage register.The erection <strong>of</strong> Lawler’s home didnot pass without its share <strong>of</strong> drama.The quarryman (Paddy?) who wasworking on the project was servedwith a fine for having ‘too muchpowder on the job’, with insufficientmeans <strong>of</strong> storage.He was obliged to appear beforethe bench at Penrith Court Housewhere he was duly fined. The name<strong>of</strong> Lawler’s home, Eringah, likePaddy Ryan’s unfinished home(Erin go brah), would suggest theyboth had Irish connections.In August 1903 the Nepean Timescorrespondent mentioned that ‘Mr PRyan was doing some good work asa stonemason at Mr Lawler’s newbuildings’.Unfortunately, the reporter failed tospecify where these buildings were!Almost a year went by withoutfurther news, and in July 1904readers were told by the NepeanTimes that Mr P Ryan <strong>of</strong> Vale <strong>of</strong>Avoca had lately started in thepoultry farming line.An amazing tale was told <strong>of</strong> anOrpington hen he had purchasedfrom a Rooty Hill poultry farm thathad laid 66 eggs without a break.The poor hen rested for a weekbefore she started this amazing featall over again! He was reported tobe very pleased with his purchase.Paddy had a stern warning given tohim via the pages <strong>of</strong> the samepaper in 1906, which said that itwould be advisable for Mr Ryan tokeep his pigs and poultry wellprotected with the rifle clubmembers so anxious to startshooting.The exact location <strong>of</strong> Vale <strong>of</strong> Avocais unclear, however a paperbackentitled Exploring the <strong>Blue</strong><strong>Mountains</strong> mentions a place withthis name as being downstream <strong>of</strong>the Grose Valley.The first explorer into the narrowvalley was William Paterson whothought it might be a gateway to thewest. However, it is not known if thisrefers to the place <strong>of</strong> residence <strong>of</strong>our Paddy Ryan.Paddy is known to have marriedKathleen (Kate) but no details areavailable as to where or when thisevent occurred.They had a son Patrick junior whowas a contemporary <strong>of</strong> William andPercy Croucher.About the author......Pamela Smith, the author <strong>of</strong> thisbiography <strong>of</strong> Paddy Ryan is aregular contributor to HERITAGE.She has an Advanced Diploma inLocal, Family & Applied History, aBachelor <strong>of</strong> Arts (Hons.) in Historyand is currently studying for aMasters in History all through theUniversity <strong>of</strong> New EnglandArmidale.She has studied Australian andinternational history, museumpractices, and conservation. Herspecial interests are women’shistory, the history <strong>of</strong> educationand politics and social history ingeneral.She is currently working through aunit on crime, punishment andservitude which encompasses theconvict era, the architecture andfunction <strong>of</strong> early prisons, WorldWar internment in Australia andthe current day internment <strong>of</strong>asylum seekers.She is also currently president <strong>of</strong>the <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> <strong>Association</strong> <strong>of</strong>The three made a return trip on footto Jenolan Caves in 1895.Paddy died in 1917, and proctorJames CJ Ryan administered hisestate. Kate was his beneficiary.The 1920 electoral roll mentionsThomas George Ryan, railwayemployee, Tyneside Faulconbridge,Kathleen Ryan, St Martha’s HomeLeichhardt, and Martin Ryan,Avoca, Archer Street, Chatswood,as owners <strong>of</strong> allotments <strong>of</strong> land atFaulconbridge.It seems safe to assume thatKathleen (his wife?) and Martinwere relatives <strong>of</strong> Paddy but moreresearch would be required toconfirm if all three shared kinship.<strong>Cultural</strong> <strong>Heritage</strong> Organisations Incand a founding member <strong>of</strong>Springwood Historians. She alsoserves on <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> CityCouncil’s heritage advisorycommittee.An avid local history researcherand author she has been publishedon a wide range <strong>of</strong> subjects.This article was first published onSpringwood Historians blog http://springwood historians.blogspot.com.au/Book before 20 August and save 10%<strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> History Conference20 October, 2012 at Carrington HotelKatoombaContact Jan Koperberg at j.koperberg@bigpond.comHERITAGE 12July - August 2012


Magnificent old giants at Mount TomahSchool children measuring the girth <strong>of</strong> a giant Eucalyptus fastigata(Brown Barrels) tree trunk at Mount TomahTHE <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> BotanicGarden at Mount Tomah willcelebrate National Tree Day as afamily day with displays and walks.National Tree Day this year is onSunday, July 29 and activities areplanned in the garden from10.30am to 2.30pm.Visitors to the <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong>Botanic Garden can discover themagnificent old giants <strong>of</strong> MountTomah.They can be guided through theancient hollows <strong>of</strong> Eucalyptusfastigata (Brown Barrels) and meetdinosaur trees - the tallest livingspecies in the world!The Waratah Education Centre willopen its doors to showcase ourwonderful world <strong>of</strong> trees.Images, barks, fruits, seeds,amazing facts about trees and theirlife giving properties can be seen.Since 1996 National Tree Day hasrecorded over 2.8 million volunteersplanting over 17 million native treesand shrubs.National Tree Day includes a wholerange <strong>of</strong> different activities aroundAustralia including planting treesand native plants and bushes,caring for trees and plants byremoving weeds, informationsessions, bushwalks and more.Most <strong>of</strong> all it is lots <strong>of</strong> fun!The <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> BotanicGarden, Mount Tomah sits on abasalt peak 1,000 metres abovesea level in the World <strong>Heritage</strong>listed Greater <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong>.Bendigo Bank supports <strong>Blue</strong><strong>Mountains</strong> history conferenceBENDIGO Bank through its localbranch, Katoomba and Upper <strong>Blue</strong><strong>Mountains</strong> Community Bank hasdonated $600 towards theadministration costs <strong>of</strong> the <strong>Blue</strong><strong>Mountains</strong> History ConferenceChairman <strong>of</strong> the Katoomba andUpper <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> CommunityBank, local resident Robert Stockannouncing the donation said, “Thebank is very pleased to have theopportunity to <strong>of</strong>fer support to the<strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> <strong>Association</strong> <strong>of</strong><strong>Cultural</strong> <strong>Heritage</strong> Organisations Incwith a contribution towards the cost<strong>of</strong> the annual history conference inOctober.“It is clear that much <strong>of</strong> our culturalheritage is lost over the years astechnologies change and our builtenvironment is redeveloped.“Hopefully with advocacy andeducation provided by organisationssuch as BMACHO, whereredevelopment is necessary, it canbe done sensitively and in such away that evidence <strong>of</strong> the past is notlost.The garden is home to thousands <strong>of</strong>species <strong>of</strong> cool climate andsouthern hemisphere plantsDaffodil festivalThe early bulbs are starting toappear and once again the <strong>Blue</strong><strong>Mountains</strong> Botanic Garden willsupport the Cancer Council theDaffodil Festival from August 18-26.With optimum growing conditions,the garden will be transformed by asea <strong>of</strong> golden hues as additionalplantings <strong>of</strong> daffodils erupt in bloom.Enjoy a picnic, take somephotographs or simply enjoy themass plantings. Cut flowers andCancer Council merchandise will beavailable for sale.Contact details for all events:Call: 02 4567 3000 / RestaurantTomah 02 4567 2060Email: tomah@rbgsyd.nsw.gov.auFind us on Facebookwww.mounttomahbotanicgarden.com.auEntry to the <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> BotanicGarden, Mount Tomah is free.“Maintaining this cultural heritageadds interest and quality to life uphere in the mountains.“It is <strong>of</strong> course also a significanttheme with our local tourismindustry.As such BMACHO’s efforts tounderstand and preserve ourcultural heritage are applauded.“We wish BMACHO every successwith its conference later this year,”Mr Stock saidRobert StockHERITAGE 13July - August 2012


Lithgow Small Arms Factory to celebratecentenaryLITHGOW Small Arms FactoryMuseum will celebrate thecentenary <strong>of</strong> the establishment <strong>of</strong>the factory which went on to be thesource <strong>of</strong> much <strong>of</strong> Australia’sdefence equipment for World War 1and 2.An exhibition <strong>of</strong> pre-federationcolonial weapons will be presentedby the Lithgow Small Arms FactoryMuseum in conjunction with theAntique Arms Collectors Society <strong>of</strong>Australia from September 20 toOctober 27.A series <strong>of</strong> centenary workshoptalks will be conducted over theweekend October 20-21.For more information on theseactivities contact the Lithgow SmallArms Factory Museum by e-mail tolithgowsafmusesum@ozemail.com.auor by telephone to (02) 6351 4452.BRIEF HISTORY OF THESMALL ARMS FACTORYThe Federation <strong>of</strong> the Australianstates in 1901 resulted in a uniformdefence and armed services policybeing implemented.When the British Army adopted the.303 calibre short, magazine Lee-Enfield rifle for general issue to itsforces colonial governments were“asked” to standardise and submitorders to the UK for the newweapons.It was proposed in Australia that thecountry should be more selfsufficient and manufacture its owndefence needs in its own arsenaland a number <strong>of</strong> sites wereconsidered for Australia’s first riflemanufacturing facility.The government received an <strong>of</strong>fer in1904 by Mr W Sandford <strong>of</strong> EskbankIronworks to lease land, supplycheap coal and prepare his plant toproduce the steel required for themanufacture <strong>of</strong> rifles if Lithgow waschosen.The Lithgow Progress <strong>Association</strong>also made representation to theHonorable Sir Joseph Cook MP onLithgow’s behalf.After considerable investigations bythe defence department andinspection by Lord Kitchener in1909, Lithgow was chosen as thesite to establish a small armsfactory.The ready supply <strong>of</strong> steel and coalfor power were the main factors butit was also believed that Lithgowwas beyond the range <strong>of</strong> the navalguns <strong>of</strong> the day.Engineer Commander WilliamClarkson <strong>of</strong> the Royal AustralianNavy was seconded by the defencedepartment to supervise alloperations.A suitable parcel <strong>of</strong> land waspurchased and the contract to erectthe factory buildings was let to thefirm <strong>of</strong> Jones and Allman early in1910.The contract for the power plantwas given to the State GovernmentDockyard.World wide tenders were called forthe supply <strong>of</strong> suitable plant tomanufacture 1,500 rifles perannum. Despite there being threeBritish tenders, the contract wasawarded to the Pratt & WhitneyCompany <strong>of</strong> Hartford Connecticut.,USA because <strong>of</strong> its assurance itsmachinery was designed for the“American method <strong>of</strong> repetitionmanufacture” which is now knownas “high precision massproduction”. Included in the contractwas the supply <strong>of</strong> machine tools,tooling and gauges as well as thetraining <strong>of</strong> six craftsmen in America.The factory was <strong>of</strong>ficially opened bythe Governor General, BaronDenman on June 8, 1912.The level <strong>of</strong> employment grewrapidly from 25 to 300 in 1913 andthe onset <strong>of</strong> war in 1914 broughtincreased production, extra shiftsand a labour force which reached1,150 by the end <strong>of</strong> hostilities in1918. The factory was the largestemployer in Lithgow and continuedpioneering the techniques <strong>of</strong> massproduction with precision tools andhighly trained personnel whichenabled it to produce all <strong>of</strong>Australia’s weapon needs.Rifle production declined in the1920’s with a resulting reduction inthe work-force but production <strong>of</strong> the.303" Vickers machine guncommenced in a newly erectedbuilding circa 1924 and staffnumbers began to rise.The 1930s’ depression causedmore reductions in staff with thefigure reduced to around 250employees. Despite muchopposition from the private sectorthe factory began to undertakecommercial production in anattempt to retain its workforce andkeep the factory operational.A rifle fan display at the Small Arms Factory, LithgowThis work included the manufacture<strong>of</strong> Western Electric ‘talkie’projectors, reverse engineeredsheep shearing hand-sets,Slazenger golf clubs, spanners,sewing machines, police handcuffsand many other non-military items.Continued page 18HERITAGE 14July - August 2012


Tribute to Bills horse troughsPatsy Moppett an individual member <strong>of</strong> BMACHO and a heritage consultant at Yethome whocontributed this article writes: ‘Following up on previous articles in HERITAGE about Bills horsetroughs, I would like to add a little more information. Having developed an interest in them elsewherein NSW and Victoria, I began to notice them a little closer to home’BILLS horse troughs are located inmostly in country towns throughoutNSW and Victoria, although thereare some to be found in themetropolitan area.They were a feature <strong>of</strong> theDepression years, and none weremade after 1940.Many had a small dog drinkingtrough attached to the side. Theaverage daily drinking waterrequirement for a horse is said to beabout 50 litres.Other troughs are showing signs <strong>of</strong>wear, and with most people notbeing aware <strong>of</strong> their significancethey are sometimes inadvertentlydestroyed.Some are still in pristine condition intheir original locations, and othershave been relocated to sites nearmuseums etc.Many <strong>of</strong> the troughs have had to bemoved to make way for road works,and many were destroyed ordumped in rubbish tips.Many were saved from this fate andhave found their way into privateownership and with tender lovingcare are still preserved today.They are very much sort after itemsfor features in gardensSome have been relocated tosporting grounds and are used fortheir original purpose for wateringhorses, or for garden beds.The two at Narrandra are classicexamples, being located at the ponyclub grounds as a flower trough,and at the show ground, possiblystill being used as a drinking trough.Within the <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> there areseveral, at Medlow Bath,Glenbrook, Warrimoo andWentworth Falls.Another unrelated trough is locatedat Lawson, being donated by Mrs. RD Meagher to “The dumb friends <strong>of</strong>man” presented to the <strong>Blue</strong><strong>Mountains</strong> Shire Council in 1921.The Glenbrook trough has beenwell documented by John Low,historian, in the March-April 2011edition <strong>of</strong> HERITAGE.The history <strong>of</strong> their troughs andtheir origins with George and AnnisBills was related admirably by JohnLeary, OAM in the January-February 2010 edition <strong>of</strong>HERITAGE.The troughs at Medlow Bath andWentworth Falls are <strong>of</strong> standarddesign.A Bills horse trough at Wentworth FallsThey are mostly a water area, acistern with an iron lid being at oneend.There is the additional small watertrough for dogs and cats at the righthand end.The pedimented section at the rearhas the usual terrazzo panelnearing the Bills’ name.The trough at Warrimoo is the sameusual characteristic design, butlacking the small side trough forsmall animals.The trough was relocated in 1999from the highway frontage, and nowsits within a small park, where itssignificance is somewhat lost, awayfrom where horses would normallyhave passed through.Much <strong>of</strong> the wider research into Billstroughs can be attributed to thework <strong>of</strong> George Gemmill, who hastravelled all over with his dogHamish, recording andphotographing them.George is the” keeper <strong>of</strong> thememories” and has recorded over310 locations where the troughsmay be found in NSW, Victoria,Western Australia and from GreatBritain. He has yet to find any inSouth Australia or Tasmania.As a young boy and growing up inNewport, Melbourne Australia,George sold papers on theWilliamstown short road ferry. Hecan remember a Bills trough whichwas in a park over the road from theNewport Hotel near the bus stop.As lads they used to meet aroundthis spot, and the trough was usedby the few horses which were stillbeing used to deliver bread, milk,ice and wood around Newport. Thiswould have been about 1948.HERITAGE 15July - August 2012


Compassion for animals duringthe depressionContinued from page 15George has dedicated a web site tothe memories <strong>of</strong> Annis and GeorgeBills, who showed such compassionfor animals during the Depression.From his travels he has collected alarge library <strong>of</strong> photographs, andhas displayed the images and theirlocations on his web site.He has received photographs <strong>of</strong>Bills troughs from places as faraway as London Ireland and<strong>No</strong>rthcliffe in Western Australia, andhe is always open to add in itemsthat others find.The trough is in reasonablecondition with clear lettering,painted yellow, mostly flaked <strong>of</strong>f. Itno longer functions as a refilltrough, containing rainwater only.The trough has a plaque on eachend which reads “The DumbFriends <strong>of</strong> Man. Presented to the<strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> Shire Council byMrs RD Meagher, Lawson 1921”.A review <strong>of</strong> the trough’s history waspresented by John Low in theSeptember-October 2011 issue <strong>of</strong>HERITAGE.References:Conservation Management Plan forHonour Avenue Gardens, Lawson,for <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> City Council2007http://billshorsetroughs.spaces.live.comwww.webdotwiz.com/billshorsetroughsNSW <strong>Heritage</strong> Office Listingse-mailsarebouncingIN recent times a number <strong>of</strong>members <strong>of</strong> the <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong><strong>Association</strong> <strong>of</strong> <strong>Cultural</strong> <strong>Heritage</strong>Organisations Inc. (BMACHO)may have been missing out one-mailed advice <strong>of</strong> activities andother information.Secretaries <strong>of</strong> organisations areparticularly asked to provide thisupdated information as <strong>of</strong>ten thesecretary or contact person forthe society also changes fromtime to time..Email addresses with the contactname and telephone number <strong>of</strong>all individual and organisationalmembers should be e-mailed toBMACHO’s secretary atj.koperberg@gmail.com .A Bills horse trough at WarimooThe Webmaster <strong>of</strong> his site can becontacted atbillshorsetroughs@hotmail.com andGeorge always welcomes inquiries,and additions to the library.There are still some to be found.Any new ones I find, I relate theinformation to George Gemmill, asdo other people from across theglobe.He would love to hear <strong>of</strong> any othersthrough the <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> andelsewhere that are hidden away insome back street or in a rear yardgathering moss.As an aside, the other water troughlocated at Lawson at the HonourAvenue Gardens, was originallyinstalled in the 1920s in DouglassSquare and relocated to its currentsetting in Honour Avenue near theremnant steps <strong>of</strong> the Grand Hotel(prior to the hotel’s destruction byfire) during earlier refurbishments.The trough has a recessed troughbeneath, probably for use by dogs.It has a timber post and rail bufferplank to the road, with a plate andlock fixed to the plank to preventaccess.Bendigo Community Bank helpsEverglades prepare for fireA dontaion <strong>of</strong> $1500 from BendigoCommunity Bank will be used byEverglades Historic House andGardens to purchase a pump tobetter equip the property forfirefighting.President <strong>of</strong> the Everglades fundraisingcommittee, sandy Luxfordapproached the Katoomba bankasking for a dontaion for theequipment and within a short timethe board approved the donation.This is the second time the BendigoCommunity Bank has supportedEverglades, last year sponsoring theinaugural Vintage and Retroweekend.The National Trust propertyEverglades which adjoins vaststretches <strong>of</strong> national park bushlandhas been lucky since the 1930s toescape from bushfires.The 2011 fire reached to within 500metres <strong>of</strong> the property and theGordon Creek area has not beenburnt since the 1957 bushfires.Head gardner, Guy McIlrath hasalways been aware <strong>of</strong> the issue andpointed out the need for a firefightingpump.Everglades at Leura is set in one <strong>of</strong>Australia’s foremost heritagegardens.The house and gardens weredesigned in the 1930s as a weekendretreat by Danish-born architectPaul Sorensen.The property sits on the edge <strong>of</strong> theJamison Valley and <strong>of</strong>fersbreathtaking views across the <strong>Blue</strong><strong>Mountains</strong> National Park.The gardens themselves covermore than 12 acres and featureboth European and nativeAustralian flora.Everglades is open from 10am to5pm in spring and summer andfrom 10am to 4pm in autumn andwinter.HERITAGE 16July - August 2012


Cemetery walk remembers Gallipoli heroA cemetery walk at the LithgowCemetery to mark ANZAC day 2012was held by the Lithgow & DistrictFamily History Society Inc.The walk started with morning tea inthe car park and the sharing <strong>of</strong>ANZAC biscuits made by memberCecily McCarten where participantsalso had a discussion aboutreturned service men and women.This was followed by the playing <strong>of</strong>the Last Post and one-minutesilence before commencing thewalk.Each visitor was given a mapshowing the graves <strong>of</strong> 12 returnedservicemen.It was very fitting to see SandraHaley able to lay the card on herown father Alfred Piggott’s graveand Cecily McCarten lay the cardon her grandfather Cecil Ford’sgrave.Members visited the grave <strong>of</strong>Private Joseph Peter King who wasa Gallipoli hero.Joseph King was born in 1891 inOmaru, New Zealand and was theson <strong>of</strong> Frederick and Margaret King.He enlisted at Rosehill, Sydney onOctober 2, 1914 in the 13thBattalion.His occupation prior to enlisting wasthat <strong>of</strong> a coach painter.Joseph proceeded to Gallipoliaboard the Alexandria arriving April12, 1915. He suffered from shellshock when he was in Rest Gullyand a shell exploded just behind hisdugout. He and two <strong>of</strong> his mateswere buried.He was dazed at the time and wasunconscious for 3 hours andsuffered concussion, but did notreport sick until 5 days later, whenhe was sent to Lemnos where heremained for 4 months beforereturning to Gallipoli, although hehad become very nervous whileresting at Lemnos.Joseph was returned to Australiasuffering from shell shock and wasdischarged from service on August24, 1916 as medically unfit sufferingfrom epileptic fits.He never returned to New Zealandbut was admitted to LithgowHospital in 1917 suffering fromEpilepsy and his address was givenas The Lansdowne Hotel. Hepassed away on October 2, 1917just 26 years <strong>of</strong> age.After hearing the story <strong>of</strong> PrivateKing it has been decided by somemembers <strong>of</strong> the society to have aworking bee and do somerestoration and cleaning <strong>of</strong> hisgrave.Lithgow Family History Society willmake this an annual event.National Trust luminary diesJOHN FISHER who recentlypassed way will be rememberedfor his contribution to the NationalTrust <strong>of</strong> Australia (NSW) in itsformative years from 1960 into the1980s.A member <strong>of</strong> the Trust Council for20 years, he founded and was thefirst chairman <strong>of</strong> the Trust’s historicbuilding’s committee.Here he worked with suchluminaries as Helen Blaxland, MaxFreeland, Leslie Wilkinson, RachelRoxburgh, Morton Herman, JohnMansfield, Cedric Flower, DanielThomas and Ted Farmer, thegovernment architect, producing alist <strong>of</strong> significant buildings worthpreserving.John also worked on many Trustproperties as an honorary architect,and worked on most <strong>of</strong> the Trustadvisory committees on both builtand natural heritage.In 1959 he prepared a plan topreserve The Rocks, and in 1966represented the Trust in advisingthe government on preserving HillEnd.Cecily McCarten laying the cardon her grandfather Cecil Ford’sgraveSandra Halley laying a card on thegrave <strong>of</strong> her father Alfred PiggottText and photographscontributed by Helen TaylorHigh tea atEvergladesHIGH tea will be served atEverglades historic house andgarden on Saturday, July 28Enjoy the ambience <strong>of</strong> the Art Decodining room at the recently restored1930’s property at Leura.A scrumptious home made high teafollows a welcome punch andnibbles. Leaf tea and plunger c<strong>of</strong>feewill be served.Wander around the garden beforeor after the tea.Bookings essential by telephoningAnita on 4784 1974 or Liz on0418206899.Cost: $25 for National Trustmembers, $30 for adults and $10for a child.HERITAGE 17July - August 2012


Western crossing commemoration 2013-15great ideas - thoughts - just being talked about or it’s really going to happenNewchairDr Anne-Maree Whitaker, seniorvice president <strong>of</strong> the RAHS(pictured above) will take over aschair <strong>of</strong> the Western Crossingcommittee at its August meeting.She replaces Pr<strong>of</strong> David Carmentwho has been the inauguralchairman for a number <strong>of</strong> years.As a descendant <strong>of</strong> William Cox theroad builder, she has a personalinterest in the 2013-15commemorations.Anne-Maree is an independentpr<strong>of</strong>essional historian whoundertakes research in a widerange <strong>of</strong> topics.She is the author <strong>of</strong> several booksincluding histories <strong>of</strong> Marrickville,South Sydney, Appin and StVincent’s Hospital.Her biography Joseph Foveaux:power and patronage in early NSWwas short-listed for the NSWPremier’s Literary awards in 2001.She won the National Trust <strong>Heritage</strong>award for the Sydney Parks Projectin 2010.***** Commemorative postagestamps are to be launched after theWestern Crossing meeting at <strong>Blue</strong><strong>Mountains</strong> City Council chamberson August 17. The BMCC CrossingsCommittee had argued that the$1.20 stamp was not appropriate,not as widely used, and so it wasdecided to issue a 60c stamp.***** Andrew Tink would be willing togive talks pertaining to his book theBiography <strong>of</strong> William CharlesWentworth. (A number <strong>of</strong> localsocieties and organisations havehad Andrew Tink as their guestspeaker since the book waspublished.)***** Lithgow City Council had putaside $10,000 for the WesternCrossings and a further $20,000 forinterpretive signage for Cox’s Road.***** William Cox and WilliamGeorge Evans had both lived in theHawkesbury area and theHawkesbury Historical Society inconjunction with Hawkesbury CityCouncil has indicated they wouldlike to be involved in the WesternCrossing Committeecommemorations.***** Richard Cox a great greatgrandson <strong>of</strong> William Cox whorecently published a book will speakabout the work and significance <strong>of</strong>the crossings at the August 17meeting <strong>of</strong> the HawkesburyHistorical Society.***** Graham Hunt a member <strong>of</strong> theSeniors Group, Institution <strong>of</strong>Surveyors NSW, the group whichmaintains the Pillars in Timemonuments, had received $10,000for restoration work.***** The BMCC Crossingscommittee has received a grant <strong>of</strong>$23,000 for the Mt York interpretivesignage.Australian actor Jack Thompson willbe the face <strong>of</strong> the Penrith crossingcelebrations.He recently joined members <strong>of</strong> thePenrith District Historical Societyand St Marys and District HistoricalSociety and descendents <strong>of</strong> theoriginal three explorers on thebanks <strong>of</strong> the Nepean River tolaunch next year’s program <strong>of</strong>events marking 200 years sinceBlaxland, Wentworth and Lawsontrekked across the <strong>Mountains</strong>.The two descendents <strong>of</strong> GregoryBlaxland, Gregory Blaxland andWendy Blaxland were present at thelaunch as were the <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong>mayor and Penrith mayor GregDavies.Pictured at right are members <strong>of</strong> theSt Marys and Nepean DistrictHistorical SocietiesPhotographs courtesy <strong>of</strong>Rosemary Weaver - Penrith andDistrict Historical SocietyPENRITHLAUNCH OFCELEBRATIONSJohn Kelaher and Craig Werner(NDHS) with Jack ThompsonHERITAGE 19July - August 2012


Timbuktu World <strong>Heritage</strong> shrine under attackTIMBUKTU’S fabled shrines listedby UNESCO as endagered sitesonly days before have been attackedby Islamic fundamentalists.The gunmen reported to be from amilitant group with ties to al-Qaedahad attacked tombs and vowed todestroy every last shrine standing inan act similar to the 2001 destruction<strong>of</strong> the ancient giant Buddah <strong>of</strong>the Bamiyan Valley in Afghanistan.Timbuktu is thought to have beenfounded towards the end <strong>of</strong> the 5thcentury.Legend has it a temporary campwas established guarded by an oldwoman, Buktu.Gradually Tim-Buktu (the place <strong>of</strong>Buktu) became a small sedentaryvillage at the crossroads <strong>of</strong> severaltrade routes. Quickly converted toIslam, the market city <strong>of</strong> Timbuktureached its apex under the reign <strong>of</strong>Askia (1493-1591).BLUE MOUNTAINS ASSOCIATION OF CULTURALHERITAGE ORGANISATIONS INC.REGISTERED OFFICE 14 Bunnal Ave, Winmalee 2777E-mail: j.koperberg@bigpond.com orbmacho.heritage@gmail.comWebsite: www.bluemountains.heritage.comABN 53 994 839 952THE ORGANISATION <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> <strong>Association</strong> <strong>of</strong><strong>Cultural</strong> Organisations Inc. (BMACHO) was establishedin April 2006 following a unanimous response to aproposal from Pr<strong>of</strong>essor Barrie Reynolds at the 2004<strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> Local History Conference which soughtfrom <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> City Council the creation <strong>of</strong> acultural heritage strategy for the city.BMACHO in its constitution uses the definition: “<strong>Cultural</strong>heritage is all aspects <strong>of</strong> life <strong>of</strong> the peoples <strong>of</strong> the <strong>Blue</strong><strong>Mountains</strong> which was later changed to cover Lithgow andthe villages along the Bell’s Line <strong>of</strong> Roads. It thereforeinvolves the recording, preserving and interpreting <strong>of</strong>information in whatever form: documents, objects,recorded memories as well as buildings and sites.”The objectives <strong>of</strong> the organisation are:i. To raise public consciousness <strong>of</strong>the value <strong>of</strong> cultural heritage.ii. To encourage and assist culturalheritage activities <strong>of</strong> member organisations.iii. To initiate and support culturalheritage activities not already covered bymember organisations. One <strong>of</strong> the aims <strong>of</strong>BMACHO is to bring the various bodies into closercontact, to encourage them to work more closelytogether and to provide a combined voice on matters <strong>of</strong>importance within the heritage sector.AFFILIATIONS BMACHO is a member <strong>of</strong> the RoyalAustralian Historical Society Inc.HERITAGE BMACHO’s <strong>of</strong>ficial newsletter is edited byJohn Leary, OAM.<strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> History Journal is edited byDr Peter Rickwood.It then became an important centre<strong>of</strong> Koranic culture with the University<strong>of</strong> Sankore and numerous schoolsattended, it is said by some 25,000students.As an intellectual and spiritualcapital, its three great mosques,Djingareyber (1325), Sankore(1578-1582)and Sid Yahia (circa.1400), recall Timbuktu’s golden age.In the 16th century Moroccaninvaders began to drive scholarsout, and trade routes slowly shiftedto the coast The city’s importanceand prestige waned and scholarsdrifted elsewhere.French colonisation at the close <strong>of</strong>the 19th century dealt anotherserious blow to the former glories <strong>of</strong>Timbuktu. Source: UNESCO World<strong>Heritage</strong> CommitteeMEMBERSHIP The following organisations are members <strong>of</strong>BMACHO: <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> Botanic Garden, Mount Tomah,<strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> City Library, <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> <strong>Cultural</strong> <strong>Heritage</strong>Centre, <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> Historical Society Inc., <strong>Blue</strong><strong>Mountains</strong> Family History Society Inc., <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong>,Lithgow and Oberon Tourism Limited, <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> World<strong>Heritage</strong> Institute, Cudgegong Museums Group Inc., EskbankRail <strong>Heritage</strong> Centre, Everglades Historic House & Gardens,Friends <strong>of</strong> <strong>No</strong>rman Lindsay Gallery, Glenbrook & DistrictHistorical Society Inc., Hartley Valley District Progress<strong>Association</strong>, Kurrajong-Comleroy Historical Society Inc,Lilianfels <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> Resort, Lithgow and District FamilyHistory Society Inc., Lithgow Mining Museum Inc., LithgowRegional Library – Local Studies, Lithgow Small Arms FactoryMuseum Inc, Mt Victoria and District Historical Society Inc.,Mt Wilson and Mt Irvine History Society Inc. (including TurkishBath Museum), Mudgee Historical Society Inc., MudgeeRegional Library, National Trust <strong>of</strong> Australia (NSW) - <strong>Blue</strong><strong>Mountains</strong> Branch, National Trust <strong>of</strong> Australia (NSW) -Lithgow Branch, Scenic World – <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> Limited,Springwood & District Historical Society Inc., SpringwoodHistorians Inc., Transport Signal and Communication MuseumInc., The Darnell Collection Pty Ltd, Valley HeightsLocomotive Depot and Museum, Woodford AcademyManagement Committee, Zig Zag Railway Co-op Ltd. Thefollowing are individual members: Ray Christison, AssociatePr<strong>of</strong>essor Ian Jack, Joan Kent, John Leary OAM,John Low OAM, Ian Milliss, Pastsy Moppett, Pr<strong>of</strong>essor BarrieReynolds, Dr Peter Rickwood and Dr Peter Stanbury OAM.COMMITTEE The committee for 2012-13 is: Pamela Smith(president), Ian Jack (vice president), Jan Koperberg(secretary), Judy Barham, Joan Kent, Doug Knowles, JohnLeary, Dick Morony (public <strong>of</strong>ficer), and Scott Pollock. .DISCLAIMER Views and opinions expressed in HERITAGEoriginate from many sources and contributors. Every effort istaken to ensure accuracy <strong>of</strong> material. Content does notnecessarily represent or reflect the views and opinions <strong>of</strong>BMACHO, its committee or members. If errors are foundfeedback is most welcome.HERITAGE 20July - August 2012

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