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HERITAGENEWSLETTER OF THE BLUE MOUNTAINS ASSOCIATIONOF CULTURAL HERITAGE ORGANISATIONS INC.NOVEMBER - DECEMBER 2010 ISSUE <strong>No</strong>. <strong>12</strong>STATE GOVERNOR OPENS NEW WINGAT HOBBY’S REACHThe Governor <strong>of</strong> NSW, Pr<strong>of</strong>essorMarie Bashir, AC, CVO recently<strong>of</strong>ficially opened the Sadler Wing atHobby’s Reach Centre, the home <strong>of</strong><strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> Historical Society.Building <strong>of</strong> the new wing was madepossible because <strong>of</strong> a bequest fromthe late Ge<strong>of</strong>f Sadler, a formertreasurer, membership secretaryand public <strong>of</strong>ficer with theassistance <strong>of</strong> ArtsNSW.The new wing contains Ge<strong>of</strong>f’sextensive book collection also giftedto the society.Speaking at the opening, societypresident, Graham Warmbath, said:“<strong>No</strong>w we have a lending library aswell as a dedicated researchcollection and interpretation <strong>of</strong>historical information.“Hobby’s Reach research centrehouses local, personal andbusiness histories, books,photographs, maps and providesinformation for authors, historians,students and community groups.“It is open to the public every week<strong>of</strong> the year and is attended by aresearch <strong>of</strong>ficer and librarian, bothvolunteers,” said Mr Warmbath.Among the new acquisitions for thesociety’s library are three bookspublished as part <strong>of</strong> the celebration<strong>of</strong> 150 years <strong>of</strong> self-government inNSW.Pictured is Pr<strong>of</strong>essor Bashirunveiling a commemorativeplaque with former Mayor, CrAdam Searle in the background.For contents <strong>of</strong> thisedition <strong>of</strong> HERITAGEsee page 2Council’s <strong>Heritage</strong> Review<strong>of</strong> LEP 1991Firstly, I would like to introducemyself as a new team member <strong>of</strong>the City Planning Branch <strong>of</strong> <strong>Blue</strong><strong>Mountains</strong> City Council (BMCC)to your organisation and otherhistorical societies in the <strong>Blue</strong><strong>Mountains</strong> who may read thisnewsletter.I commenced with council inFebruary this year as a seniorstrategic planner and have beenworking in local government forthe past 10 years in variouspositions including bothdevelopment assessment andstrategic planning roles. Sincejoining BMCC I have becomemore involved with heritagerelated projects such as thereview <strong>of</strong> heritage items underby Felicity Blaxland - SeniorStrategic Planner, BMCCLEP 1991 and the investigationsinto the formation <strong>of</strong> a heritageadvisory committee.Council staff have been progressinga heritage review to support aproposed Amendment to LEP 1991.A number <strong>of</strong> items and conservationareas have been recommended tobe listed as having local heritagesignificance through heritagestudies undertaken by AssociatePr<strong>of</strong>essor Ian Jack and Associates.Further research on othersignificant areas has beencompleted this year by Dr JimSmith. A grant received from the<strong>Heritage</strong> Office <strong>of</strong> the Department <strong>of</strong>Planning has assisted funding <strong>of</strong>this work. Continued page <strong>12</strong>HERITAGE 1<strong>No</strong>vember - December 2010


Contents.........HERITAGE<strong>No</strong>vember-December2010*1 State Governor opensnew wing at Hobby’sReach*1 Council’s <strong>Heritage</strong>Review*2 We remember thosewho were slaugthered inbattles planned by stupidgenerals*3 ‘Only in Australia canmen read their name on awar memorial’*4 The Light HorseInterchange*4 Woodford Academystudent survivedBeersheba charge*5 ‘The rainy season hasbegun and the cold cutsus through’*7 Their names are on thehonour roll at GlenbrookPrimary School*8 A Springwood soldierlaid to rest at Fromelles 94years later*9 One man’sdedication*10 Two Woodfordbrothers killed*11 More than just an oldbuilding*13 The Cambodianexhibition -- Hurry, Hurry,Hurry, <strong>No</strong> time to lose*15 Welcome to newmember soon to celebrate25 years existence*15 Obituary - HughBickford*16 Doug Knowles electedto lead GlenbrookHistorical Society*16 History <strong>of</strong> Lawson Hallshould not be ignored*17 Honorary life membershipfor two at Mt Wilson*17 Pr<strong>of</strong>esssor Reynoldstakes leave*18 Glen Davis*18 Book launched at Irishgaol*19 Elevating theempancipistFrom the president’s pen......We remember those whowere slaughtered in battlesplanned by stupid generalsWar is abhorrent to most decenthuman beings. Down through the agesthere has always been and mostprobably always will be war.There should never be any futureattempts to glorify war.However, we must honour those whomade the supreme sacrifice on thebattlefields, <strong>of</strong>ten in foreign lands.We must also respect the wishes <strong>of</strong>those loved ones left behind and theirdescendants who may wish torecognise these heroes and ordinarysoldiers with Remembrance services,marches, wreath laying ceremoniesand other activities on special days.This edition <strong>of</strong> HERITAGE featuresarticles about World War 1.These articles are not so much aboutthe battlefields, but rather about localmen who served – some came backand others now lay buried in foreignfields.These articles are published near toRemembrance Day observed aroundthe world by those nations whoparticipated in this horrific conflict.Traditionally these services areconducted on the 11 th hour, <strong>of</strong> the 11 thmonth <strong>of</strong> the year, the Armistice as itwas then known having been signed atthat time in 1918.These well researched stories alsotouch on the anguish <strong>of</strong> those leftbehind – mothers, wives and girlfriends; the emotions– the pain <strong>of</strong>separation, the grief <strong>of</strong> loss and thegreat joy <strong>of</strong> reunion.They touch on the discovery <strong>of</strong> themass grave, pinpointed through theresearch <strong>of</strong> a Victorian school teacher,Lambis Englezos.The work <strong>of</strong> Englezos an amateurhistorian, was confirmed in 2008 by ateam <strong>of</strong> archaeologists led by Dr TonyPollard <strong>of</strong> Glasgow University.The excavation would later provide avivid and startling glimpse into thehorror <strong>of</strong> World War 1 as the bodieshad been preserved in the sameposition they were thrown into themass grave.World War 1 was a military conflictcentered on Europe that began in thesummer <strong>of</strong> 1914. The fighting endedin late 1918.More than 70 million militarypersonnel, including 60 millionEuropeans, were mobilised in one <strong>of</strong>the largest wars in history.More than 9 million combatants werekilled, due largely to greattechnological advances in firepowerwithout corresponding ones inmobility.A generation <strong>of</strong> innocent young men,their heads full <strong>of</strong> high abstractionslike Honour, Glory and Country, went<strong>of</strong>f to war to make the world safe fordemocracy.They were slaughtered in stupidbattles planned by stupid generals atthe behest <strong>of</strong> egotistical politicians.Those who survived were shocked,disillusioned and embittered by theirwar experiences, and saw that theirreal enemies were not the Germans,but the old men at home who had liedto them.They rejected the values <strong>of</strong> thesociety that had sent them to war, andin doing so separated their owngeneration from the past and fromtheir cultural inheritance.Unlike many <strong>of</strong> its Allies, in World War1, Australia did not conscript itssoldiers to fight in the Great War - allAustralian soldiers were volunteers.It was to be the war to end all wars.John Leary, OAMPresident, <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong><strong>Association</strong> <strong>of</strong> <strong>Cultural</strong> <strong>Heritage</strong>Organisations Inc.HERITAGE 2<strong>No</strong>vember - December 2010


‘Only in Australia can men read theirname on a war memorial’This article is an extract from a presentation by, Arthur Delbridge at the 2007Remembrance Day memorial service held at the war memorial in Mt Wilson. Arthur isa former president <strong>of</strong> Mt Wilson and Mt Irvine Historical Society and early this yearwas awarded honorary life membership <strong>of</strong> that organisation.Pr<strong>of</strong>essor Delbridge in 1987 was made an Officer <strong>of</strong> the Order <strong>of</strong> Australia (AO) inrecognition <strong>of</strong> his service to education particularly in the field <strong>of</strong> linguistics and aseditor-in chief <strong>of</strong> the Macquarie Dictionary.The Mt Wilson, Mt Irvine and BellSoldiers Memorial was erected inMt Wilson in 1919 and in 2001 twosocieties the village’s Progress andHistorical, began a series <strong>of</strong>services <strong>of</strong> remembrance.Mt Wilson resident, ArthurDelbridge, AO presented theaddresses for the first years whileAlison Halliday is carrying on inArthur’s tradition. The following isan extract from Mr Delbridge’saddress in 2007.“I believe it was a response to afeeling shared around the Australiancommunity that war and the otherfaces <strong>of</strong> terror were necessarily nowbulking larger and more urgently inour consciousness than they hadfor some time past.“As a result the national <strong>of</strong>ficialmemorial services in our cities werebecoming ever better attended, andthe marches more sombre, andoverseas the memorial services atANZAC Cove and many othermilitary cemeteries were attractingmore and more visitors, withincreasing numbers <strong>of</strong> youngAustralians making the long journeyto them.“Possibly also revisitings, especiallyby old soldiers, to war sites wherethey had fought and their matesbeen killed.“Today I thought I would speakabout two <strong>of</strong> our local soldiers, whodid come back when the war wasover.“What effects, if any, did their warexperience have on the rest <strong>of</strong> theirlives? Perhaps this is, for them (andfor us) an unanswerable question.Maybe no visible effect.“But I have vivid memories <strong>of</strong> beingtaught Latin in high school by areturned soldier, a notable classicalscholar who had been gassed in theGreat War.“He had the most cracked voice, themost awful fits <strong>of</strong> coughing, theworst temper and the sweetestsmile at unexpected moments –hewas a post-war wreck physically, areturned soldier who never got overhis experience <strong>of</strong> war.“Fred Mann and George Valder bothcame back to Mt Wilson. Both <strong>of</strong>them could have read their ownnames on our memorial, andpossibly did.“But Pr<strong>of</strong>essor Inglis, in SacredPlaces stated quite firmly that ‘Onlyin Australia could most men, homefrom the war, read their own nameson its memorials’. Elsewhere,especially in Europe memorialswere exclusively to the dead andthe “missing”.“And in Australia at first thatseemed to be right and fair. Butthen a strong movement emerged infavour <strong>of</strong> listing also the names <strong>of</strong>returned soldiers. Sir John Monash,who commanded the Australiandivisions in France, declared ‘Wewere all men <strong>of</strong> one nation—and allvolunteers!’ That was the key to it.“Of course not all volunteers wereaccepted when they had tried toenlist, for either health oroccupation reasons. Andvolunteering didn’t necessarily getyou into the front line, where mostcasualties occur.“Behind the front lines are manylines <strong>of</strong> command and supportessential to any engagement. Forexample, in WW1, 1800 graduatesand undergrads <strong>of</strong> SydneyUniversity went on active serviceand 197 <strong>of</strong> these were killed inaction.“Comparatively a smallish number.But it reflects the fact that a highproportion <strong>of</strong> those volunteers camefrom the faculties <strong>of</strong> medicine andengineering: they were directed toserve where their special skills wereneeded.“When in the early 1920s SydneyUniversity began to plan itsmemorial it was ‘for those who havegiven their lives...as well as forthose who have voluntarily engagedin active military or naval service’.“What the university finished up withfor its WW1 memorial was a carillon<strong>of</strong> 47 bells fitted into its clock towerto be played from a rather specialsort <strong>of</strong> keyboard.“I could speak at length about thevarious ways, from that day to this,that the carillon has kept alive thememorial function it was intended toachieve from its first appearance.“It’s enough now to say that itsbiggest bell weighs 4.2 tons, thesmallest bell just a few pounds. Acarillonist can play on it virtually anytune or theme, and harmonise it intotwo or three parts, with bells playingsimultaneously. Its principal functionis memorial.“In 1938 I took lessons in playingthis great instrument and became amember <strong>of</strong> the carillon family, asmall group <strong>of</strong> appointed playerswho between them provided carillonmusic for occasions in the universityyear, particularly celebrations <strong>of</strong>national days <strong>of</strong> the allied countries<strong>of</strong> World War 1.“So there is no limit to the structuresthat can serve as war memorial, bethey hospital, club, park, plaque,pillar or post—or carillon! Inglissays that there are 4000+ warmemorials in Australia.Continued page 4HERITAGE 3<strong>No</strong>vember - December 2010


The Light Horse InterchangeThe Australian Light Horse hasmade a rich and continuingcontribution to our sense <strong>of</strong> nationalheritage.Perhaps the latest example <strong>of</strong> this isthe Light Horse Interchange, thepoint at which the Westlink M7motorway intersects with the M4,west <strong>of</strong> Sydney.The steel plumage at the top <strong>of</strong>each pole represents the emufeathers <strong>of</strong> the troopers’ slouch hat.The symbolism is rich in detail,even to the significant absence <strong>of</strong>any figure <strong>of</strong> a horse, reminding usthat quarantine regulationsprevented the return <strong>of</strong> any <strong>of</strong> thetroopers’ horses.Here a great sculpture is revealedto motorists as they flash by at 100kph: four sets <strong>of</strong> red steel poles,radiating from a tall central mast, allrepresenting the Australian LightHorse on parade. The red colour <strong>of</strong>the poles is for sacrifice.MT WILSONWARMEMORIALContinued from page 3“Ours [at Mt Wilson] is one <strong>of</strong> thesimplest sort, but none the worsefor that. Many <strong>of</strong> them take the form<strong>of</strong> utilities — a hospital, acommunity hall, a church, a sportsground, that could be undertaken inthe expectation <strong>of</strong> getting agovernment grant in terms <strong>of</strong>subsidies and tax concessions forthe donors.“But no such thing happened here.The local impetus was fromgenerous gifts <strong>of</strong> land and material,plus determined community effort.The crucial gift was the piece <strong>of</strong>land cut <strong>of</strong>f from the Dennarqueestate, given for just this purpose byFlora Mann, the mother <strong>of</strong> the FredMann whose name is with others,engraved on our memorial.”But why put the sculpture righthere? Research has established thesignificance <strong>of</strong> the local area in thehistory and recruitment and training<strong>of</strong> light horsemen. In World War IIthey were based at a major trainingcamp at nearby Wallgrove.A spokesperson for ConybeareMorrison, designers <strong>of</strong> the sculptureexplained that it is designed “to letpeople know they are approachinga major intersection but also tospark their interest so they want t<strong>of</strong>ind out more about what thesculpture represents.Source: Sydney Morning Herald,May 2, 2006.The men who made the last great wartime cavalrycharge [Beersheba] were mounted infantry –Australian light horsemen. As “Bushmen” at the BoerWar they had won high praise. At Gallipoli,dismounted, they fought gallantly and diedtragically… The Australian Light Horseman by Ian JonesWoodford Academy studentsurvived Beersheba chargeA former Woodford Academystudent John Lyons was at theBeersheba charge and survived(see story page 5).The charge at Beersheba onOctober 31, 1917 is <strong>of</strong>ten reportedas ‘the last cavalary charge inhistory’ although cavalary such asthe Polish cavalary continued toexist into the early phases <strong>of</strong> WorldWar 2 and took place in operationsbefore being rendered obsolete.The charge at Beersheba tookplace as part <strong>of</strong> the Sinai andPalestine campaign during WorldWar 1.The battle at Beersheba was thecritical element <strong>of</strong> a wider British<strong>of</strong>fensive as the Third Battle <strong>of</strong>Gaza aimed at breaking theTurkish defences from Gaza on theMediterranian shore to Beershebaan outpost 30 miles inland.Earlier in 1917, two previousattempts to breach this line hadfailed.Since the earlier failures the Britishforces in Palestine had undergonea major uphreaval with thereplacement <strong>of</strong> General Murraywith the distinguished cavalarycommander General Allenby.Mt Wilson, Mt Irvine & BellSoldiers Memorial with GregsonMemorial Obelisk to the left.The Australian 4th Light HorseBrigade under Brigadier WilliamGrant charged more than 4 miles atthe Turkish trenches, overran themand captured the water wells atBeersheba.The Australian force was led byLieutenant General Sir HarryChauvel who went on to be one <strong>of</strong>Australia’s most distinguishedsoldiersJohn Leary, OAMHERITAGE 4<strong>No</strong>vember - December 2010


“The rainy season has begun andthe cold cuts us through...”by Neryl Medcalfa past volunteer and member <strong>of</strong> the former Friends <strong>of</strong> Woodford AcademyThe words used in the headlinesabove were in a letter written onDecember <strong>12</strong>, 1917 from Palestineby Private John Lyons Gray <strong>of</strong> the6 th Light Horse Regiment to MrsEdgeworth David <strong>of</strong> Woodford. 1John was a former student <strong>of</strong>Woodford Academy, a privateventure boys’ boarding school in the<strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong>.He had just survived the battle <strong>of</strong>Beersheba at not quite 19 years <strong>of</strong>age, and was one <strong>of</strong> 48 studentsfrom Woodford Academy identifiedas servicemen during WWI.Many <strong>of</strong> those students’ names areon the roll <strong>of</strong> honour that is stilldisplayed over the door to theschoolrooms.Headmaster John MacManameyaccepted boarders at the schoolfrom Sydney or from country areasmainly on the Western rail line,while others were day studentsliving in the <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong>.Some boys intending to becomedoctors or lawyers came toWoodford Academy to be assistedwith Latin or Greek, necessary atthe time for Matriculation. BasilKennedy, a student in 1907,matriculated, became a doctor,joined the Australian Army MedicalCorps, served on Karoola theAustralian hospital ship, then at afield ambulance hospital and by1918 was senior medical <strong>of</strong>ficerwith the rank <strong>of</strong> lieutenant colonel atHurdcott Military Hospital inEngland. 2Likewise, Dr George Hay (1907) 3from Katoomba and Sid Rosenthal(1909) - whose family changed theirname to Rosebery in 1915 4 - andmedical student William H Ward(1908) 5 <strong>of</strong> Springwood who with 5 thField Ambulance served as astretcher bearer in Egypt andFrance before returning to Australiaand completing his medical studies.Dr Ward also served in WWII.Indeed, at least eleven formerstudents on the roll <strong>of</strong> honour wenton to serve again in WW2.The Woodford Academy World War 1 Honour Roll restored severalyears ago and returned to its place above the doorwayto the schoolrooms.There is evidence <strong>of</strong> army cadettraining at Woodford Academy andstudents were quite aware <strong>of</strong> thewar situation. Corporal Reg Lewin<strong>of</strong> Katoomba, was killed in action atLone Pine Gallipoli in August 1915.Schoolboy Bert Tom from Parkeswrote to his father “ We saw by thepapers that there had been threeboys killed from Parkes and severalwounded including Russel Watts.Evidently the Parkes boys musthave been in that great push inFrance or Palestine. My word it istime they brought Conscription inisn’t it?” 6Alan Giles 7 (1913) was another boyfrom Parkes who not only made hismark on the desks <strong>of</strong> WoodfordAcademy, but also made his markas a stretcher bearer on theWestern Front at Villers Bretonneuxin April 1918 and was awarded aMilitary Cross for his effort... “..hedressed and carried woundedcontinually for four days throughextremely heavy shell and machinegun fire,”He went on to add a bar to his MC3 months later at Ville Sur Ancre“Private Giles volunteered to swimacross the river with a dispatch,under an intense artillery andmachine gun barrage, returningthrough the same barrage with ananswer...”A second Military Cross winner wasFred Brown <strong>of</strong> Sydney 8 (1907) whowas wounded in France, became alieutenant served as an intelligence<strong>of</strong>ficer , was mentioned indispatches then won his MC atAmiens in August 1918.The MilitaryCrossawardedfor braveryHERITAGE 5<strong>No</strong>vember - December 2010


<strong>No</strong>t all the Woodford boys won medals,but many were wounded or killedFred Brown’s brother, Douglas <strong>of</strong>18 th Battalion had died <strong>of</strong> woundsthe year before.A third award winner, SecondLieutenant Robert Murray <strong>of</strong>Wentworth Falls 9 (1907), left a copy<strong>of</strong> his will in his pay book, in whichhe bequeathed his microscope andfive pounds to Keith Faulkiner Potts,his mate from Woodford.Robert won a Military Cross on theSomme in February 1917, but waskilled at Messines in June <strong>of</strong> thatyear. Keith returned safely toAustralia in January 1918.Other boys whose names appearon the school roll <strong>of</strong> honour may nothave won special medals, but theyvolunteered and performed theirvarious duties in the army asbombardiers, gunners, bicyclecouriers and sappers.Many were wounded, sometimestwice, some were gassed, manyspent time in hospital, some wentAWOL, some caught sexuallytransmitted diseases, and at war’send were discharged on their returnto Australia to take up civilian lifeonce more, after serving theircountry well.Only one former student, GeorgeShaw, a radio operator in civilianlife, is known to have joined theAustralian Flying Corps as an airmechanic.Walter Carroll from Katoomba,private in the 45 th Battalion, wasreturned to Australia early in 1917,having been so affected by the coldand exposure in the trenches thatWOODFORD ACADEMY FOOTBALL TEAM 1909Back: K Potts, D Stuart, D Kilpatrick, Principal J MacManamey, V Hay,R Peacock, GE Botting.Middle: B Paravacini, R Howard, S Rosenthal, K Mackey, R Lewin,A Hannam, H Hart.Front: C Storm, K Bowden, A Harkness, W Ward. (Underlinedidentified as having enlisted in WW1.)he was invalided to hospital in John Gray, the letter writer, whoEngland where both <strong>of</strong> his legs survived at Beersheba returned towere amputated. 10Australia and joined up once againin WWII - as major, ending his war‘Old Boys’ kept in touch with their service in 1947 after a stint in theheadmaster sending himwarmer Pacific waters <strong>of</strong> Morotaiphotographs <strong>of</strong> themselves in and Balikpapan. <strong>12</strong>uniform.Considering the war experiences <strong>of</strong>Frank Berry a student in 1910 froma group <strong>of</strong> boys who shared someout west at Trundle, became a<strong>of</strong> their schooling in the <strong>Blue</strong>Sapper in the 10 th Field Engineers<strong>Mountains</strong> in the years before 1914and was one <strong>of</strong> six former studentsfocuses us on the disruption,still able to attend an Old Boysadventure, accidents, courage,reunion in 1982 at Woodfordmateship and the futility and wasteAcademy with Gertrude<strong>of</strong> war.MacManamey, daughter <strong>of</strong> theirHeadmaster. 11 (End notes)1Woodford Academy archives, WoodfordNSW.2National Archives <strong>of</strong> Australia:B2455,7363478.3NAA:B2455,4736559.4WA Archives: Corr.with Mark Maddox,2005.5AIF project,UNSW@ADFA2003-20056WA Archives,student file: donated byMr W Tom <strong>of</strong> Parkes,2003.7NAA:B2455,50083058NAA:B2455,1796303.9NAA:B2455,7990599.10NAA:B2455,3210405.11WA Archives.<strong>12</strong>NAA:B883,6137452.An old boys reunion at Woodford Academy in 1982.HERITAGE 6<strong>No</strong>vember - December 2010


Their names are on the honour roll atGlenbrook Primary SchoolIn his book Comrades in Arms thelate Walter J Venn wrote: “Whenwriting the stories <strong>of</strong> these 1914 -18soldiers I have been reminded thatthe exigencies <strong>of</strong> the serviceinfluence the chance <strong>of</strong> one’ssurvival. One simple decision at adesk in Sydney could, in somecircumstances, result in the degree<strong>of</strong> a soldier’s exposure to danger”.WJ Venn’s research providesinformation about those on a WorldWar 1 honour roll at GlenbrookPublic School. The following areextracts from his publication:Private Alexander Dick – He wasassigned to the 19 th Battalion. InApril and June 1916 the battaliontook part in the operations in andaround Armentieres.In July they played a central role inthe bloody fighting at Pozieres andlater that month in the attacks onPozieres Heights.The battalion’s casualties duringthis period were 13 <strong>of</strong>ficers and 440other ranks. Alexander Dick waskilled on August 1 and is buried atthe Sunken Road Cemetery,Contalmaison, France.Lieutenant Cecil Beaumont Mills– His unit the 23 rd Infantry Battaliontook part in a joint raid on enemylines near Armentieres in late June1916.Cecil was killed in action. Some <strong>of</strong>his personal possessions wererecovered the next day and placedin a tin in a nearby trench, but werenever seen again.His body, if ever found, was notidentified and his name wasincluded on the long list <strong>of</strong>casualties suffered by his brigade.Private Howard KeithMacpherson – A draughtsman inthe Land Titles Office, NSW heenlisted in the Australian ArmyMedical Corps served on thehospital ships Kanowna, andKaroola, then serving in casualtyclearing stations in France beforetransferring to the Air Flying Corps.He arrived back in Australia inAugust 1920.Pictured above, courtesy Australian War Memorial is the church atVillers-Bretonneux which was all but destroyed in fighting on theWestern Front.Private Keith Douglas Robinson –Assigned to the 18 th Battalion hejoined his unit at Gallipoli on August16, 1915 suffering a gun shotwound to the head six days later inthe battalion’s very first operation.Surviving the wound he was sent tothe Western Front, where hereported sick with a carbuncle onhis neck. On July 22 he died in <strong>No</strong>.14 Stationary Hospital at Boulogne<strong>of</strong> spinal meningitis.Corporal Edward Hugh Oprey –He had served his apprenticeshipas a blacksmith and was with theNSW Railways Commission atGlenbrook when he enlisted andwas assigned to the 6 th Light HorseRegiment, training in the MiddleEast.Hugh ran foul <strong>of</strong> the authorities forbeing out <strong>of</strong> bounds (twice) and forusing threatening language to thesergeant <strong>of</strong> the guard.In March 1918 he was attached tothe Desert Corps as an acting lancecorporal only to be reprimandedagain for filling a water bottle from astream. A common enough practicefor any Australian boy, but a <strong>No</strong>! <strong>No</strong>!in Egypt.He was discharged in Sydney inOctober 1919.Lieutenant Clarence Hansby Read– Born in 1879 he appears to havejoined the Royal Australian navy asa boy in 1897 possibly as amidshipman. He was a lieutenant inthe RAN Reserve when he servedin the Australian Naval and MilitaryExpeditionary Force in 1914-15. InSeptember 1914 he was incommand <strong>of</strong> the naval detachmentat Madang in Kaiser-Wilhelmland(German New Guinea).In January-February 1915 he wasexecutive <strong>of</strong>ficer at Herbertshohe,the former German capital <strong>of</strong> NuPommern (Great Britain) on theBismarck Archipelago.In March 1916 he embarked on theHMAT Ballarat for the voyage to theSuez Canal where his unit the RANBridging Train carried out work inseveral tugs and lighters for bridgebuilding, building <strong>of</strong> piers andwharvesFor some time he was attached tothe 29th Battalion, but rejoined theRAN and appears to have survivedthe war..HERITAGE 7<strong>No</strong>vember - December 2010


A Springwood soldier laid to restat Fromelles 94 years laterPamela Smith and I attended thelaunch <strong>of</strong> Glenbrook HistoricalSociety’s Comrades in Arms whichwas composed <strong>of</strong> short biographies<strong>of</strong> Glenbrook men who had servedin World War I.We were inspired to beginresearching and writing about themen who were listed on theSpringwood District World War IHonor Roll.by Shirley Evans, Springwood HistorianThis proved to be very much moredifficult than we had thought, but inthe five years it took to complete thetask we became very close to ourWorld War I veterans and mournedthose who had died in that dreadfulwar.In his introduction to our book,Remembrance: Springwood DistrictHonor Roll 1914-1919 John Lowwrote: “Their research has rescuedthe men recorded here from thecreeping anonymity that would havebeen their fate and given them backto their community as individualswho lived and breathed their ownspecial human uniqueness.”These men (and they were all men,no women) were certainly to adegree anonymous with the boardhung inconspicuously on a side wallin the Springwood Civic Centre, andwith many <strong>of</strong> the men proving quitedifficult to identify.A very few <strong>of</strong> them bore names werecognised from our research forThe Making <strong>of</strong> a MountainCommunity: a BiographicalDictionary <strong>of</strong> the SpringwoodDistrict, but quite a number wediscovered in the Nepean Timesreports <strong>of</strong> Springwood in the waryears.One <strong>of</strong> these names was Ed Hope(proved to be Edward James Hope),born and reared in Kingswood. Hewas employed by the railway as afettler at the time <strong>of</strong> his enlistmentand we found that his nameappeared on the St Mary’s Roll <strong>of</strong>Honour in Victoria Park and also onthe <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> District WarMemorial Hospital, Katoomba.The last <strong>of</strong> the exhumed soldiers being carried to his last restingplace at Fromelles.In October, 1915 the Nepean Timesreported a farewell to new enlistees,J. Reddall and E. Hope. They wereboth presented with wristlet watchesfrom the Springwood people.Part way through our research theNational Archives <strong>of</strong> Australiadigitised the World War Iservicemen’s records making it verymuch easier and less expensive toaccess and check as they were nowavailable on the internet.Prior to that, we sometimes wastedtime and money purchasing recordsfor the wrong men. With only aninitial for the first name shown onthe honour roll it was easy to makea mistake.Private Edward HopeEdward was one <strong>of</strong> 17 railwayemployees on the Springwood Roll(by far the largest occupationgroup) and, as a fettler, he musthave worked in various parts <strong>of</strong> the<strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong>.He was born in Kingswood in 1887and was orphaned in 1898 when hismother, father and infant sister alldied within a few months <strong>of</strong> oneanother.A young sister, Florence, and hewere presumably cared for byrelatives. He named Florence ashis next <strong>of</strong> kin when he enlisted.Edward was allotted to the 54 thBattalion which was predominantlycomposed <strong>of</strong> men from NSW. Half<strong>of</strong> them were Gallipoli veterans .The new recruits left Australia onthe Aeneas on December 20, 1915joining the rest <strong>of</strong> the battalion atTel-El-Kebir for training on February16, 1916.They embarked on the Caledonianfor Marseilles in June, fighting theirfirst major battle on July 19, 1916 atFromelles. They suffered casualtiesequivalent to 65 per cent <strong>of</strong> thebattalion’s fighting strength. It washere that Edward died either on the19 th or 20 th . 1,547 British and 5,533Australians were either killed,wounded, taken prisoner orreported missing. This wasAustralia’s bloodiest day in militaryhistory. Continued page 9HERITAGE 8<strong>No</strong>vember - December 2010


False hope that brother may not have been killedContinued from page 8Florence, Edward’s sister, wasnotified that her brother had beentaken prisoner. This informationcame from a Red Crosscommunication resulting frominformation provided by theGermans.Later the Royal Prussian War OfficeMedical Section corrected this andFlorence was informed <strong>of</strong> Ed’sdeath and probable burial in theneighbourhood <strong>of</strong> Fromelles.Florence, like many grieving andbereaved relatives wrote to theArmy Base Records in Melbourne:Dear Sir -My brother <strong>No</strong> 4188 Private EdwardJames Hope, 54th Batt. Is Officallyreported to have been Killed inAction on July 20th (previouslyreported missing) – He was mynearest Relative and if you couldforward me some details <strong>of</strong> themanner <strong>of</strong> his Death I would begrateful.& ObligeMiss F.M. HopeKingswoodNr PenrithN.S.WalesThe Australian Red Cross Societyendeavoured to record eye-witnessaccounts <strong>of</strong> deaths and woundingsand Private J. Freehan, 4775recorded the following at Etaples on<strong>No</strong>vember 4, 1916: “Hope was <strong>of</strong>my Co.[company] He was seenkilled by several <strong>of</strong> the Co. whoreported the fact at roll-call in myhearing.”Early in 1917 the “effects” <strong>of</strong>Edward Hope were sent toFlorence. They consisted <strong>of</strong> a wristwatch and cover. She wrote thefollowing to the Officer in Charge,Base Records:Dear Sir –In connection with the wrist watchforwarded to me as Next-<strong>of</strong>-Kin tothe Late 4188 Pte E.J. Hope 54 thBattalion I have to inform you thatthis watch did not belong to myBrother – He had a Presentationsilver wrist watch with his nameinscribed on back. The one Ireceived was a gunmetal. Imanaged to clean some <strong>of</strong> the rust<strong>of</strong>f the back <strong>of</strong> watch – it has aninscription not very distinct, butplain enough for me to see that itbelongs elsewhere. I will forwardthis watch to you per post.I was so disappointed to get thewrong watch and having receivednothing at all up to the present time.Yours faithfully,F.M. Hope (Miss)KingswoodVia PenrithN. S. WalesIt was very important to the wives,parents and siblings to receivesomething <strong>of</strong> their loved ones backfrom the war – something personal,not just an <strong>of</strong>ficial medal. We canassume that Edward’s “Presentationsilver wrist watch” was the onepresented to him at Springwood atthe time <strong>of</strong> his enlistment.Florence was required to confirmthat she was Edward’s closest livingrelative before she received hismedals and that seemed to be that.However, in 2009 through theefforts <strong>of</strong> descendants <strong>of</strong> Fromellessoldiers lost in the battle, and withthe support <strong>of</strong> the British andAustralian governments and theencouragement <strong>of</strong> the French, amassive initiative began toinvestigate known burial trenches atFromelles and exhume the remains<strong>of</strong> British and Australian troops,identify them by modern scientificmethods and rebury them in aspecial military cemetery.The Sydney Morning Heraldpublished photographs <strong>of</strong> the first85 diggers identified in theWeekend Edition, <strong>No</strong>vember 7 - 8,2009 and Private Edward Hope wasone <strong>of</strong> these. The last <strong>of</strong> theseexhumed soldiers, one who had notbeen identified, was buried on July19, 2010.His remains were transported in agun carriage drawn by horses andaccompanied by military personnel,Australia’s Governor General,Quentin Bryce, and Britain’s PrinceCharles, both <strong>of</strong> whom deliveredmoving addresses.But the most moving were the shortaddresses given by descendants <strong>of</strong>those fallen British and Australiansoldiers.They read letters very similar tothose written by Florence Hope,expressing the fears and wishes <strong>of</strong>both the soldiers and those whowaited at home.There has not been universalapproval <strong>of</strong> the reburial <strong>of</strong> menburied in mass graves at battlesites.In The Sydney Morning Herald,February 5, 2010, Neil McDonald,historian and film critic, stated that“Exhuming and reinterring the wardead in more ‘suitable”’sites alwaysrisks distorting history”. But I feelthat still grieving relatives will gaingreat comfort from knowing thattheir lost loved ones have been laidreverently to rest in a beautifulplace, close to where they can bevisited and remembered.REFERENCESAustralian War Memorialwww.awm.gov.auAustralian Red Cross Society Woundedand Missing Enquiry Bureau Files,1914-1918 War Battalion Histories.Evans, Shirley and Smith, PamelaRemembrance: the Springwood andDistrict Honour Rolls 1914-1919.National Archives <strong>of</strong> AustraliaWorld War I service records.Nepean Times.NSW Register <strong>of</strong> Births Deaths andMarriages.Springwood Historians The Making <strong>of</strong> aMountain Community: a BiographicalDictionary <strong>of</strong> the Springwood District.Sydney Morning Herald.ONE MAN’SDEDICATIONDetermined to honour those whodied on that faraway battlefield,94 years ago, the Melbourneteacher and amateur historian,Lambis Englezos, AM set out toresearch documents and records<strong>of</strong> authorities around the world.But little has been said or writtenabout Lambis Englezos, AMwhose tenacity saw him gopublic with his theory <strong>of</strong> amissing mass Allied grave. TheFromelles story began to emergefrom the fog <strong>of</strong> history in 2002when Englezos went public withhis theory. Evidence fromGerman archives, documentingsuch a burial ground, convincedAustralian authorities a searchwas worthwhile.It is one <strong>of</strong> the darkest, mostheroic days in Australian history.Yet it barely rates a mention inour history books. .... John Leary, OAMHERITAGE 9<strong>No</strong>vember - December 2010


Two Woodford brothers killedCuriosity has lead Woodfordresidents <strong>of</strong> 10 years, Rhonda andTerry Flowers to research details <strong>of</strong>the four soldiers listed as killed inWorld War 1 on the Woodford WarMemorial and HERITAGE thanksthem for the following contribution.“During the past ten years webecame aware <strong>of</strong> a structuremarooned between the railway lineand the Great Western Highway atWoodford.“We were curious but neverseemed to find the time to inspectthe site.“As the juggernaut <strong>of</strong> the currenthighway widening was imminent wewere afraid that the structure mightdisappear forever before we coulddiscover what was its purpose.“Our motivation to visit the site wascuriosity and we were more thansurprised to find the structure was awar memorial initially constructedby Thomas Thomas and others <strong>of</strong>the village <strong>of</strong> Woodford as acommemoration.‘’On the east face <strong>of</strong> the memorial wefound the following names <strong>of</strong> thosewho died IN World War 1: CHDakin, C Fiddling, J Fiddling andlJ Wheeler.In The Sydney Morning HeraldSaturday, August 25, 1916 underthe heading MEMORIAL SERVICEAT WOODFORD the followingappeared:Woodford War Memorial - To those who for King and Empire enlistedfrom this village for service in the Great War 1914 - 1919.been fighting at ANZAC, BeauchopeHill, Fisherman’s Hut, Suvla Bay,and Hill 60, the farthest pointreached by the expedition,performed the ceremony <strong>of</strong>unveiling the Woodford roll <strong>of</strong>honour.’The Australian War Memorialwebsite reveals that Private JohnFiddling (Jack) was killed in actionon June 6, 1916 and his brotherPrivate Charles Fiddling died <strong>of</strong>wounds in France the followingmonth July 19, 1916.Private John Fiddling is buried inFrance, 83 Brewery OrchardCemetery Bois-Grenier.Private Charles Fiddling is buriedFrance, 768 Estaires CommunalCemetery.A cablegram has been receivedstating that Lieutenant ClarenceHerbert Dakin has been killed inFrance.The deceased was the only son <strong>of</strong>Captain H. Dakin, secretary <strong>of</strong> theNational Rifle <strong>Association</strong> <strong>of</strong> N SW(NRA), who is at present engagedin the Riverina enrolling recruits forthe NRA. 150 unit <strong>of</strong>reinforcements, which he proposedto take to the front.The young <strong>of</strong>ficer, who was 22years old, enlisted as a private twoyears ago, saw service at Gallipoli,and won his commission in France.’“In all there are over twenty names<strong>of</strong> those who served in WW1recorded on Woodford WarMemorial. They are not just names.The memorial service for thebrothers Privates Jack and CharlesFiddling, sons <strong>of</strong> Mr and Mrs WFiddling, <strong>of</strong> Woodford, was held inthe grounds <strong>of</strong> the Woodford RedCross Convalescent Home recently,about 200 being present.Every town from Katoomba toValley Heightswas represented.The service wasconducted by theRev EC Robison,<strong>of</strong> Wentworth Falls.Captain ChaplainParker read thelesson, andCaptain McKoan, areturned woundedsoldier, who hasLieutenant Clarence Herbert waskilled in action on April 14, 1917near <strong>No</strong>reuil, France and wasburied where he fell. <strong>No</strong> trace <strong>of</strong> hisgravesite has been found and he iscommemorated on the Villers-Bretonneux Memorial, France.Private John Edward Wheeler waskilled in action October 5, 1916 andis buried Belgium <strong>12</strong>7 RailwayDugouts Burial Ground (TransportFarm) Zillebeke.Private John Edward Wheelerbrothers Stanley and Frederick alsoserved in WW1 but returned.In The Sydney Morning Herald onThursday, May 3, 1917 the followingappeared:“They were once the living youth <strong>of</strong>the tiny village <strong>of</strong> Woodford whoworked in dairies and orchards andwalked the same streets we walktoday.“In researching each name, on theWoodford War Memorial, throughthe National Archives <strong>of</strong> Australia,National Library <strong>of</strong> Australia onlinenewspapers and the Australian WarMemorial we hope to ensure that ifone day Woodford War Memorial isdestroyed by an ever wideninghighway the names <strong>of</strong> the youths <strong>of</strong>Woodford who served in WW1 arenever lost,” Rhonda and Terry said.HERITAGE 10<strong>No</strong>vember - December 2010


More than just an old buildingBy John LowTravelling by train, I’ve alwaysenjoyed charting the progress <strong>of</strong> myjourney to and from the flat lands bythe familiar natural and historicallandmarks along the way.In recent times, however, under therelentless ‘up-grade’ <strong>of</strong> the GreatWestern Highway, the familiar hasbeen subjected to seriousdisturbance. Demolition, removaland erasure have muddied meaningand context, <strong>of</strong>ten beyond retrieval,and it has all been very disturbing.Decisions to alter the historicallandscape, no matter what benefitsmay result, always bring loss.Lawson especially has beenaffected, losing almost completelyits old commercial centre and all theintangible associations these oldshops had with the village andpeople who worked and lived there.This is not a matter to be takenlightly. Buildings, even largelyuncelebrated ones, become part <strong>of</strong>a place and when they die morethan just the bricks and mortar dieswith them. I think it was JohnRuskin who, speaking <strong>of</strong> oldbuildings, said something to theeffect ‘that we may be able to livewithout them but we can’tremember without them.’Many <strong>of</strong> us would probably feel wecan live without such an old andoutwardly unprepossessing buildingas that which bore the name <strong>of</strong>Macbrair and, until recently,accommodated several shops onthe highway opposite LawsonRailway Station.Yet, while its plain, commerciallyfunctional design may not be causefor architectural excitement, I doregret its passing and when my trainpulls in to Lawson I feel its absence.As its façade proudly declared, thebuilding was built in 1923 forLawrence Macbrair, a successfulbusinessman who, following theFirst World War in which his twoyounger sons were killed, sold uphis interests in <strong>No</strong>rth Queenslandand came south with his grief.In Lawson he found solace and arenewed zest for life throughThe Macbrair Building a plain, commercially functional design whichmay not be cause for architectural excitement now a victim <strong>of</strong> theGreat Western Highway road widening.business and community service,being elected with a large vote tothe <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> Shire Council in1922 and purchasing that sameyear the block <strong>of</strong> vacant landfronting the highway.Interestingly, when the land cameinto his possession it appears tohave not been completely empty forthe council rate books <strong>of</strong> the dayrecord it as “vacant land and ruin”.This “ruin” adds an extra layer <strong>of</strong>historical meaning that links the siteto the earliest days <strong>of</strong> the town.The recorded history <strong>of</strong> the placewe know today as Lawson began onThursday, May 20, 1813 whenthree gentleman farmers turnedexplorers – Gregory Blaxland,William Lawson and WilliamCharles Wentworth – accompaniedby four assistants, three horses andfive dogs, “… encamped at <strong>12</strong>o’clock at the head <strong>of</strong> a swamp <strong>of</strong>about three acres covered withrushy coarse grass with waterrunning through the middle <strong>of</strong> it.”“The horses”, wrote Blaxland, “bynecessity lived on the coarseswamp grass or rush. <strong>No</strong>thing elsecould be got for them”.It was as a source <strong>of</strong> water and feedthat ‘Christmas Swamp’ (so namedby Surveyor-General John Oxley in1817, probably because <strong>of</strong> a localpr<strong>of</strong>usion <strong>of</strong> native Christmas Bells),became one <strong>of</strong> the principalstopping places for travelers andstock using the road that wasconstructed across the <strong>Blue</strong><strong>Mountains</strong> in the wake <strong>of</strong> the 1813expedition.As these watering places began tobe named according to theirdistances from the Nepean River,Christmas Swamp became ‘24 MileHollow’ and from the late 1820s anillegal ‘hut’ servicing the needs <strong>of</strong>weary travelers prospered for anumber <strong>of</strong> years.When legal inn-keepers, Henry andSarah Wilson, formerly <strong>of</strong> theScotch Thistle Inn at Blackheathand the Welcome Inn at The Valleynear Springwood, acquired a 100acre portion <strong>of</strong> land at 24 MileHollow in 1843 they built apermanent hostelry and weregranted a license to operate underthe sign <strong>of</strong> ‘<strong>Blue</strong> Mountain’.Such early inns became landmarksalong the Western Road thatmeasured the progress <strong>of</strong> a journeyand the <strong>Blue</strong> Mountain Inn becamewell known to travelers.Indeed, the location <strong>of</strong> 24 MileHollow was soon being referred toas ‘<strong>Blue</strong> Mountain’, a name itretained until the town that laterevolved became Lawson in 1879.Continued page <strong>12</strong>HERITAGE 11<strong>No</strong>vember - December 2010


‘The <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> Parrot’ a popular local identityContinued from page 11The building itself survived until1917 and was located in what isnow the playground <strong>of</strong> the publicschool.For a period in the 1850s and1860s the Wilson family leasedtheir inn at <strong>Blue</strong> Mountain and livedelsewhere but, astute businesspeople that they were, returnedwhen the Western Railway linearrived in 1867 and a small platformwas constructed a short distanceaway.Within a few years (1875) they hadbuilt another inn closer to theplatform, transferring both thelicense and the ‘<strong>Blue</strong> Mountain’name. It was located on the blocklater purchased by LaurenceMacbrair.Unlike most <strong>of</strong> the Western Roadinns, the <strong>Blue</strong> Mountain prosperedin association with the railway.Trains stopped opposite to take onwater and passengers were glad <strong>of</strong>the opportunity for refreshmentswhile they waited.The Wilson’s youngest daughterAdelaide would be waiting on thestation to welcome them andsuggest a walk across the road tothe inn or the purchase <strong>of</strong> c<strong>of</strong>fee,tea and sandwiches from her stallon the platform.She became a popular localidentity, known to all as “the <strong>Blue</strong>Mountain Parrot”. Whether thisrelated to her verbal facility orcolourful dress I’m not sure!Her brother Affriat, who lived in thede-licensed inn up the road, alsoattracted attention as a naturalist,being especially skilled in thecapture and handling <strong>of</strong> snakes. Hisclients included a number <strong>of</strong>museums.On Henry Wilson’s death in 1880the inn’s license passed to Sarahwho subsequently transferred it to anew <strong>Blue</strong> Mountain Hotel built nextdoor by the end <strong>of</strong> the decade.The 1875 inn ceased to trade andits condition gradually deteriorated.It was eventually demolished in1906, though the rate book entryquoted earlier suggests thatsomething at least, perhaps itsfoundations, still survived when theland was acquired by Macbrair in1922.Described by the local newspaper in1923 as “one <strong>of</strong> the town’s finest”,the new building sadly was not longin Macbrair’s hands. Aged 74, hepassed away in 1925 and wasmourned by the town in which, hisobituary recorded, “he displayed somuch practical faith”.The plain, business-like architecture<strong>of</strong> the Macbrair Building spoke <strong>of</strong>more than just small towncommerce and its demolitionremoves another ‘footprint’ leadingback to connect us with our past.A plaque on a ‘heritage’ sandstoneplinth can never be more than amakeshift recognition <strong>of</strong> what hasgone but, done properly, it canpreserve the significance <strong>of</strong> a siteand alert passers-by to the layers <strong>of</strong>community memory that exist there.While other lost Lawson buildingsequally deserve their stories to betold in this way, I hope some suchmarker will eventually be erectedwhere the Wilsons and LaurenceMacbrair (and many others) didbusiness all those years ago.<strong>No</strong>te: While no referencing forquotes etc. has been includedthis can be supplied on request.Council’s <strong>Heritage</strong> ReviewContinued from page 1Council staff are currently workingwith council’s heritage advisor,Christo Aitken, to completeinformation required to inform thisheritage review.The proposed Draft LEPAmendment will comprise threemain elements being the deletion <strong>of</strong>some items from the LEP Schedule2 (due to the fact that they are nolonger considered to hold heritagesignificance); insertion <strong>of</strong> new itemsinto the LEP Schedule 2 assupported by the heritage studies;and consolidation <strong>of</strong> separate sitesinto conservation areas in key areassuch as Mt York.The new items proposed to be listedin the Draft LEP Amendmentinclude private residential houses,historic monuments and items <strong>of</strong>heritage significance located innatural areas such as historicwalking tracks. Further detailsregarding the precise nature <strong>of</strong> allproposed heritage items will beprovided to historical societies bycouncil in due course.Initially council staff will beconsulting with land owners on theinformation developed to supportthe proposed listing <strong>of</strong> sites to seektheir support. This includes privateland owners (a small number), andstate government agencies. Anumber <strong>of</strong> council owned and /ormanaged areas are also proposedfor heritage listing.Council staff will then be consultingwith the various historical societies<strong>of</strong> the <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> on theproposed heritage items under thereview.A workshop will be scheduled in duecourse to be held at council toinform all historical societies <strong>of</strong> thereview process and what input thehistorical societies may wish tocontribute to this process. Once adate and time for the workshop areset, invitations will be forwarded tohistorical societies.The extent <strong>of</strong> the review is currentlylimited to areas identified underLEP 1991 and does not includeareas covered under LEP 2005(main village and town areas). Areview <strong>of</strong> heritage items located inLEP 2005 will be undertaken in thefuture, after progression <strong>of</strong> theReview <strong>of</strong> LEP 1991 items.The Draft LEP Amendment forheritage is currently beingundertaken as part <strong>of</strong> the new Part3 ‘Gateway’ process. The cityplanning team is currently workingwith the Department <strong>of</strong> Planning inprogressing this LEP through therequired planning process.I look forward to working with thevarious historical societies on thisheritage project. Should you requireany further information on theheritage review, I am available onMon- Wed on (02) 4780 5774 oremail fblaxland@bmcc.nsw.gov.auHERITAGE <strong>12</strong><strong>No</strong>vember - December 2010


The Cambodian exhibitionHurry, Hurry, Hurry, <strong>No</strong> Time to LoseBy Peter Stanbury, OAM, Phd.Force <strong>of</strong> circumstances is apowerful master. It sometimeshappens that normal planning is notan option and an exhibition needsto be up and running in animpossibly short time. How to do it?Faced with such a situation oneneeds confidence and a list <strong>of</strong>logical steps. The confidence isnecessary to give others confidenceand the list <strong>of</strong> logical steps enablesone to delete a step or two withoutcausing undue panic.I recently undertook five weeksvoluntary work at the NationalMuseum <strong>of</strong> Cambodia. The workwas arranged through AustralianBusiness Volunteers, anorganisation in Canberra thatprovides opportunities forAustralians to exchange skills indeveloping Asian countries. Thevolunteer contributes time andexpertise, the organisationcontributes the airfare,accommodation and $20 per day forsubsistence. For more detailsplease see www.abv.org.au/.)I was expecting in early July tochange some textiles that had beenon display for too long, to advise onsuitable storage space for somerecent donations and to discusshealth and safety issues. I had it allworked out - a leisurely, informativemonth away from the usual routineand winter weather back in AustraliaOn arrival in Phnom Penh theassignment suddenly changed:please would I set up an exhibition<strong>of</strong> temple hangings (pidans).But not just yet, because all staffwere busy on an internationaltravelling exhibition that was due toopen in three weeks – all staffwould be busy with that so therewould be only a week or so to setup the temple hangings before theexhibition was to open at the end <strong>of</strong>the month.And as there was no money left,consequently funds would need tobe found. And another thing, staffhad been working so hard on themajor exhibition, some would be onAdvertise your exhibition outside the Museum.leave immediately after and only alimited few would be available forthe second exhibition.So there were three weeks to planand find funds (no staff to help) andone week (with some limited help)to refurbish the exhibition space,physically mount the exhibition,arrange publicity and have anopening.Pidan means ceiling in Khmer.Complex pictorial woven silktextiles, <strong>of</strong>ten depicting scenes inthe life <strong>of</strong> the Buddha, are hung orpainted above or near the principalBuddha <strong>of</strong> a temple, hence theceiling reference.Pidans are never worn but aredesigned and woven todemonstrate skill and to acquiremerit by the donation.They require months to weave andwere becoming rare even before thePol Pot regime destroyed muchtradition. Very gradually NGOs andothers are trying to re-aquaintweavers with the necessary skills toweave and market both wearablesilk goods and items <strong>of</strong> religious ortraditional significance.I was very lucky to find a Japanesegroup <strong>of</strong> friends <strong>of</strong> an NGO thatwere prepared to invest around$1,000 in the exhibition.The rest <strong>of</strong> the preparation time wasspent planning.It is important to plan becausewithout a written plan it is difficult todetermine which items can beomitted at a moment’s noticebecause <strong>of</strong> resource limitations(time, availability, funding).I hope my list <strong>of</strong> notes may be <strong>of</strong>use to others planning in a similarhurry. Don’t expect to be able to doeverything on the list, but at leastrecognise that you are skippingsome items rather than forgettingthem.Items to be exhibitedAvailabilitySize and shapeGroup compatible itemsHanging or display mechanismConservation requirementsRoomHanging or display contextSecurityDoes room need repainting?LightingArrangement <strong>of</strong> items and scope<strong>of</strong> storyHow best to tell the storyPlacement <strong>of</strong> primary labelsSecondary labelsTake away information leafletsBrochure or bookletPosters, handouts, bannerWill you need carpet or arrows todirect visitors?Continued page 14HERITAGE 13<strong>No</strong>vember - December 2010


The Cambodian exhibitionContinued from page 13ResearchWhat is the main idea behind theexhibition?Who has told a similar story andhow?Research and writingFocus <strong>of</strong> exhibition (in the room andvisitors)Contact those who may be able tocontribute and invite participationEducationDoes the exhibition relate toprimary, secondary tertiary studies?Can the exhibition be related tospecial interest groups?Is written program for such groupsappropriate?Advise groups; invite participationOpeningWho will open – firm commitment?Who will be invited?Speeches: MC, director, openerRefreshmentsGift for openerGift for guests (good publicity)Invitation lists and mail outSource tables, glasses, plates,cups, napkins for openingPublicityPrepare photographs and pressreleaseLocal press and radio (photographs/gift/novelty angle)National press and electronic media(photographs/gift/novelty angle)Local inhabitants, similar institutionsFree ‘what’s on’ listingsPostersBanner outside museumActual workClean spaceHang or mount objectsMount and carefully position labelsSort lighting (rememberconservation issues)Ring or visit journalistsPosition / distribute postersHang bannerBuy flowers and food for openingDay beforeArrange microphoneWrap present for openerDouble check labelsRemind journalistsAsk director and opener if theyrequire anythingArrange cleaning <strong>of</strong> areaTwo hours beforeCheck entrance tomuseumCheck museumCheck director andopenerCheck exhibition,flowers, foodChange intoappropriate clothesIf raining haveumbrellas, towels,receptacles for wetgear handyCalm othersinvolved in theexhibition and allowthem time to getdressed.As pidans are <strong>of</strong>ten found on theceiling, we used the ceiling fordisplay as well as the walls.The authorDr Peter Stanbury, OAM (pictured at right) wholast month returned from Cambodia has been avolunteer in various organisations for many yearsand has been an executive member <strong>of</strong> BMACHOsince its inception. He has been a volunteer withAustralian Business Volunteers (ABV) for anumber <strong>of</strong> years and has worked as a volunteerin many countries including Egypt, Cambodia andPeru. He was formerly the director <strong>of</strong> MacleayMuseum at Sydney University. He was awardedthe ABV’s annual Altruism Award for 2009.Mediterranean diet for World<strong>Heritage</strong> List!!!There is a tendency to only think <strong>of</strong>heritage buildings, wildernessareas, magnificent landscapes,ancient castles, Greek temples andmonoliths such as Egypt’s pyramidswhen one thinks <strong>of</strong> UNESCO’sWorld <strong>Heritage</strong> List.But the World <strong>Heritage</strong> List includessites ranging from the birthplace <strong>of</strong>Buddha to the Tower <strong>of</strong> London andlesser-known list <strong>of</strong> “intangible”cultural heritage covering oralExplain how your objects are made or arrived atthe museum.Explain the exhibition to childrenand devise activities.traditions, performing arts, socialpractice, rituals rock art andfestivals.Among other nominations, asubmission from the Italians isbeing considered for listing this year<strong>of</strong> the Mediterranean diet, with itsmix <strong>of</strong> fresh fruit and vegetables,grilled fish and lashings <strong>of</strong> olive oilfavoured in Greece, Italy and Spain.Guardian News & MediaHERITAGE 14<strong>No</strong>vember - December 2010


WELCOME TO NEW MEMBER SOON TOCELEBRATE 25 YEARS EXISTENCEThe Lithgow and District FamilyHistory Society Inc. which willcelebrate its 25 th anniversary nextyear is the latest group to joinBMACHO.President <strong>of</strong> the society, EleanorMartin said the group wasestablished in 1986 to allow localpeople and others to researchtheir family lines and to learn theirfamily stories.The society <strong>of</strong> volunteers hasestablished a library, now situatedat the Corner <strong>of</strong> Tank and UnionStreets to store the extensiveresources <strong>of</strong> local cemeteryrecords, local and family histories,journals from international andnational sources, manyphotographs, copies <strong>of</strong>Governments Gazettes and localnewspapers as well as IGAs andBirth, Death and Marriage recordson CDs, Fiche and reels. Convict,shipping, immigration and censusrecords are also held.Social gatherings and bus trips tocemeteries and archives as well asworkshops and seminars arearranged to assist people toresearch and store theirinformation, source identificationand display their family trees.Some records are available for saleupon request and the societyproduces a Journal “LithgowPioneer Press” three times a year.Researchers can attend the libraryduring open hours and receiveassistance to work through theextensive indexes <strong>of</strong> much <strong>of</strong> theresources for a small fee.Opentimes are every Friday 10am -4pm. Tuesday 6pm - 9pm and firstSaturday 10am - 4pm <strong>of</strong> eachmonth except JanuaryContact number is (02) 6353 1089during open hours e-mail:ldfhs@lisp.com.au website http://www.lisp.com.au/~ldfhs P.O. Box516 Lithgow NSW. 2790Vale -- Hugh Manners Bickford (1927-2010)Sadly, long-time member and public<strong>of</strong>ficer <strong>of</strong> <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> HistoricalSociety Inc., Hugh Bickford, passedaway in Katoomba HospitalSeptember 13, 2010; he was aged83.Hugh was cremated at Leura onSeptember 21, 2010 and the <strong>Blue</strong><strong>Mountains</strong> Historical Society wasstrongly represented at the funeralservice.Condolences were extended to hiswife Janet, who is well known tomany, and to his sons Mike and Timand their families.Hugh had a long and distinguishedcareer working for CSR, latterly asproperty manager and companyvaluer, and after retirement in 1986he was asked to return as aconsultant which he did for a furtherdecade.In 1984, while Hugh and Janet livedin West Pymble, they purchasedland at Wentworth Falls – theproperty adjacent to Hobby’s Reachand a home was built which theythen used as a weekender.In 1988 they changed the location<strong>of</strong> their Sydney residence toPennant Hills, but in 1996, afterHugh’s second retirement, theymoved permanently to WentworthFalls.In the mountains, Hugh was activein the Wentworth Falls Probus Clubbecoming president as he also wasfor the Wentworth Falls AutumnGarden Festival.But in recent years it has been therestoration <strong>of</strong> his treasured veteranAustin car that has consumed much<strong>of</strong> his time, that vehicle having beenopportunistically acquired for thesecond time after a long period inthe hands <strong>of</strong> another motorist.Of his own accord, from 1986 Hughkindly started to mow the lowerslopes <strong>of</strong> Hobby’s Reach, initiallywith a hand mower but from 1988using a ride-on mower which heeven drove until he suffered astroke earlier this year.However it was not until 2001 thathe joined the <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong>Historical Society, becoming amember <strong>of</strong> the managementcommittee in 2004 and thenpresident for two years between2005 and 2007.In 2008 he became the public<strong>of</strong>ficer and in August that year hewas awarded an honorary lifemembership <strong>of</strong> the society.For many years Hugh informallyacted as a caretaker, responding tosudden activations <strong>of</strong> the securitylighting and being available to admittradesmen.Hugh was the speaker in July 2001when his topic was “The Wreck <strong>of</strong>the Admella”, an event whichoccurred in 1859; the gist <strong>of</strong> his talkwas reported in Hobby’s Outreach(Aug/Sept. 2001, p.4).Two years later, in June 2003, Hughaddressed the society on thesubject <strong>of</strong> “Cockatoo IslandDockyard Wartime Industrial Role”being a place which he had visitedfrequently whilst his father was incharge <strong>of</strong> Cockatoo Island.Hugh was a s<strong>of</strong>tly spoken personwith a wealth <strong>of</strong> knowledge whichhe willingly shared with others. Hewas a most delightful gentlemanwhom all shall miss greatly.Contributed by Peter Rickwood.Text approved by Mrs JanetBickford.Kung fu heritageShaolin temple, the Buddhistmonastery that is also the birthplace<strong>of</strong> Chinese kung fu, hasbeen added to the United Nations’list <strong>of</strong> World <strong>Heritage</strong> sitesUNESCO has named historicalmonuments near Dengfeng cityincluding the Shaolin.HERITAGE 15<strong>No</strong>vember - December 2010


Doug Knowles elected to lead GlenbrookHistorical Society.........The new president <strong>of</strong> Glenbrookand District Historical Society Inc.,Doug Knowles can claim that hisassociation with Glenbrook could besaid to start back in 1924 more thana decade before he was born.His grandmother, Vera Dare cameto Glenbrook on a holiday in 1924and later purchased land and acottage in the town.However, Doug did not come toGlenbrook until 1946 when hisparents built a new house in themountains village.He started his schooling atGlenbrook Primary School and wenton to finish his secondary educationat Hurlstone Agricultural HighSchool, Glenfield before taking upan apprenticeship to Hazelwood’sNursery at Epping.Completing his apprenticeship hesoon found there was plenty <strong>of</strong> workin landscape construction andgreen keeping in the Lower <strong>Blue</strong><strong>Mountains</strong>. In his spare time he didgeneral cartage including bags <strong>of</strong>flour from the Glenbrook RailwayStation to McCall’s bakery.Doug recalls, “clearing and loppingtrees in the 1950s which providedlots <strong>of</strong> firewood which he sold for£3/10/- per ton for stove wood[people still cooked on fuel stovesin those days].”Doug also recalls that in 1957 treesto the north <strong>of</strong> the GlenbrookBowling Club (established a fewyears earlier) were casting shadowson the turf bowling greens.As a horticulturist, he wascontracted to lop the trees andsettled his account when insufficientfunds were available by acceptingdebentures in the club. He claims tobe possibly the only person to havedebentures in the club and not be amember.In 1976, needing more space for hisnursery at Glenbrook he purchaseda 5 acre block at Valley Heights,selling his Glenbrook propertyending 50 years association withthe village <strong>of</strong> GlenbrookAfter being involved in landscapeconstruction for about 30 years, hemade a career change accepting ajob with TAFE, teaching horticulturalskills including plant propagation,plant recognition and botany. Dougsays this was probably the mostrewarding and interesting 20 yearsleading up to his retirement.Doug says he has always beeninterested in local history and joinedthe Glenbrook and District HistoricalSociety about 8 years ago.“I especially enjoy the society’sregular ‘Walks & Talks’ to historicsites in Glenbrook and relating theplaces and events to the individualsinvolved; many <strong>of</strong> the people havingchildren, grandchildren or greatgrandchildren living in the area.“The society is currently negotiatingwith Caltex management to securecommunity use <strong>of</strong> the Pointsman’sCottage,” Mr Knowles said.The Pointsman’s Cottage -Photograph by John Leary, OAMMid <strong>Mountains</strong> Historical SocietyInc. has written to <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong>City Council expressing the strongopinion that the past history <strong>of</strong> theOld Community Hall at Lawsonmust not be ignored whendetermining its future.In her letter, society presidentNance Cooper stated it becomesevident that for the major part <strong>of</strong> itshistory since its opening in 1903, ithas been a centre for communityactivities.“There had been 98 years <strong>of</strong>vigorous community life before itsDoug Knowles“The property would be an idealvenue to stage exhibitions such asthe display <strong>of</strong> railway heritagephotographs. Many <strong>of</strong> the society’sphotographs are from the <strong>No</strong>lanfamily collection and were takenbefore 1920.“The society is also currentlypromoting Whitton Park as the‘village green’ and fighting <strong>of</strong>fattempts to have the land fenced forselective group use.”Doug Knowles takes over thepresidency <strong>of</strong> Glenbrook andDistrict Historical Society from TimMiers who has held the positionsince the society was formed duringthe Glenbrook Primary Schoolcentenary in 1992.Doug is also a managementcommittee member <strong>of</strong> the <strong>Blue</strong><strong>Mountains</strong> <strong>Association</strong> <strong>of</strong> <strong>Cultural</strong><strong>Heritage</strong> Organisations Inc.HISTORY OF LAWSON HALLSHOULD NOT BE IGNOREDfunction was narrowed forapproximately 3 years to that <strong>of</strong> ayouth centre before its regrettableclosure in 2004.“The closure <strong>of</strong> the hall deprivedsocieties and community groupssuch as the Mid <strong>Mountains</strong>Historical Society <strong>of</strong> an importantconference venue.“It has been impossible, forexample, for this society to take apart in the annual History Weekconducted by the History Council<strong>of</strong> NSW,” said Nance Cooper.HERITAGE 16<strong>No</strong>vember - December 2010


Honorary life membershipfor two at Mt WilsonPr<strong>of</strong>essorReynolds takesleavePr<strong>of</strong>essor Barrie Reynolds who atthe annual general meetingearlier this year stood down fromthe position <strong>of</strong> secretary, aposition he has held sinceBMACHO was formed, has taken6 months leave from theorganisation until the end <strong>of</strong>March 2011.This follows his hospitalisationlast month for emergencysurgery. Barrie has asked that henot be contacted concerningBMACHO matters until he returnsfrom leave.He had accepted an executiverole on BMACHO’s managementcommittee and was involved in anumber <strong>of</strong> new initiatives at thetime <strong>of</strong> his illness.Pictured are Mt Wilson & Mt Irvine Historical Society president, DesBarrett, honorary life member, Arthur Delbridge, AO and vice president,Darell Conybeare. Pictured below is Bruce Wright who now lives inWest Australia and was unable to be at the presentation.Bruce WrightArthur Delbridge, AO and BruceWhite were honoured at a recentannual general meeting <strong>of</strong> the MtWilson & Mt Irvine historicalSociety.Darrell Conybeare was on hand topresent Arthur with his framedcertificate.The citation for Arthur stated: Inrecognition and appreciation <strong>of</strong> hismany years and dedicated supportfor the founding and continueddevelopment <strong>of</strong> the societyHis leadership and direction overseveral years set the society’sstanding in the community, ensuredthe preservation <strong>of</strong> significantheritage sites and establishedregular avenues for widedistribution <strong>of</strong> historical information.Bruce Wright was not able to be atthe meeting to receive his award.In his absence research <strong>of</strong>ficer,Mary Reynolds spoke warmly <strong>of</strong>Bruce’s many contributions to thedevelopment <strong>of</strong> the society and theTurkish Bath Museum over thesociety’s first 10 years.The citation on Bruce’s certificatestated: In recognition andappreciation <strong>of</strong> his many years <strong>of</strong>dedicated support for therestoration and establishment <strong>of</strong> theTurkish Bath Museum.His pr<strong>of</strong>essional skill andcommitment to archaeologicalresearch and development at theTurkish Bath building and precinctand to the administration <strong>of</strong> thesociety in the early years wereinvaluable.The idea <strong>of</strong> BMACHO wasconceived by Barrie andenthusiastically embraced bythose who attended the 2004<strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> Local HistoryConference at the CarringtonHotel in Katoomba at which hewas stressing the importance <strong>of</strong>having a cultural heritagestrategy for the city.Barrie has had the ability togather around him individuals,both pr<strong>of</strong>essional and amateur aswell as heritage organisations toprovide a voice for culturalheritage and to encourage andassist cultural heritage activities<strong>of</strong> member organisations.Barrie has worked tirelessly forthe recognition <strong>of</strong> culturalheritage; it has been themotivation, contagiousenthusiasm, academic expertiseand pr<strong>of</strong>essional acumendisplayed by Barrie that hasdriven much <strong>of</strong> what has beenachieved by BMACHO in itsformative years.Members <strong>of</strong> BMACHO will wishBarrie a speedy recovery and willrespect his wish not to becontacted concerning BMACHOmatters until he returns fromleave.HERITAGE 17<strong>No</strong>vember - December 2010


GLEN DAVISRenowned mining historian andformer Glen Davis resident LeonieKnapman has launched her muchawaited history <strong>of</strong> Glen Davis.Leonie lived at Glen Davis in the <strong>Blue</strong><strong>Mountains</strong> from 1940 until it wasauctioned <strong>of</strong>f and removed by 1954.Leonie has presented papers on thehistory <strong>of</strong> the township to groups andmining conferences around Australia,Tasmania, and in 2010 Greymouth inNew Zealand.After leaving Glen Davis inDecember 1954 Leonie thought <strong>of</strong>ten<strong>of</strong> the first 14 years <strong>of</strong> her life spent inthe beautiful Capertee Valley and thethousands <strong>of</strong> people who lived andworked in the town.Most <strong>of</strong> the hard times <strong>of</strong> the town’sresidents passed over the heads <strong>of</strong>their children and it was afterresearching the history <strong>of</strong> Glen Davisto write a book that Leonieappreciated their frustrations.Families were coming out <strong>of</strong> thedepression into a wartime situationand a life <strong>of</strong> rationing <strong>of</strong> petrol, tyres,food and clothing. This was furthercompounded by drought followed byalmost 30 floods.Leonie looked at what makes peoplechoose the mining life and live inremote areas foregoing the comforts<strong>of</strong> life in the larger towns or cities.Men came from all walks <strong>of</strong> lifesearching for work and not all werefamiliar with the physical grind <strong>of</strong> themining industry and its drawbacks.The shale oil ghost town <strong>of</strong> National OilPty Ltd. Glen Davis and its peopleIn spite <strong>of</strong> the efforts <strong>of</strong> theCommonwealth authorities to shutdown the retorts they mysteriouslykept working to prevent theirdismantling. The authorities removedthe power fuses to force the retortsout <strong>of</strong> action but they were replacedjust as quickly and shale for theretorts seemed to appear fromnowhere.The day the strike ended was anemotional one. A large crowd <strong>of</strong>families and visiting miners waited asthe men emerged on electric locohauled transports. Unfortunately theirefforts and discomfort were in vain.The closure still took place. It was thelast straw for the residents whothought their homes and jobs weresecure.Today, over 50 years later, the valleyhas returned to farming and grazingas it had been since the 1800s, a farcry from the turbulent fourteen years<strong>of</strong> National Oil Pty Ltd.Glen Davis has been stripped <strong>of</strong> itstown status. It is as if the governmenthad tried to wipe it <strong>of</strong>f the face <strong>of</strong> theearth.Book launched at Irish gaolWhile the Glen Davis works waspartly a response to theunemployment <strong>of</strong> the depressionyears <strong>of</strong> the 1930s the works took ona greater significance with the onset<strong>of</strong> war when the vulnerability <strong>of</strong>Australia’s oil supplies was clearlydemonstrated. After the war GlenDavis was living on borrowed time.When the government mootedclosure <strong>of</strong> the company it sparkedstate wide controversy and workerstook matters into their own hands.On the night <strong>of</strong> June <strong>12</strong>, 1952fifty two miners began a stay-downstrike lasting 26 days. It was thelongest stay in strike in Australianhistory.Lord Mayor <strong>of</strong> Cork, Michael O’Connell, Suzanne Voytas, ChristinaHenri, Roses from the Heart and Australian Ambassador to Ireland,Bruce Davis at the launch.<strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> Family HistorySociety president, researcher andauthor, Suzanne Voytas hasrecently returned from Ireland,where her book Elizabeth 1828,the worst and most turbulent waslaunched at Cork City Gaol.The book details the lives <strong>of</strong> the194 Irish convict women, whotogether with 16 <strong>of</strong> their childrenwere transported on the shipElizabeth, which sailed from Cobb,County Cork on August 28, 1827.The biographies <strong>of</strong> the women,detail their achievements, theirstruggles to live in a foreign landand to be part <strong>of</strong> a new socialstructure while raising their colonychildren.Copies <strong>of</strong> the book can beobtained from Suzanne Voytas,details on the website:www.elizabeth1828.com RRP $35plus $10 postage.HERITAGE 18<strong>No</strong>vember - December 2010


Elevating the emancipist ......While Macquarie believed in thepunishment <strong>of</strong> convicts he alsobelieved in their reformation.He saw no reason why emancipists(convicts who had served their timeor been pardoned) should not bereadmitted to their former rank insociety if they were <strong>of</strong> goodcharacter and standing.In fact he came to the conclusionthat some <strong>of</strong> the most meritoriousand public-spirited men in thecolony were emancipists.In adopting this radical policy heappointed emancipists to positions<strong>of</strong> authority and trust and eveninvited them to dine with him atGovernment House.Although receiving qualified supportfrom Lord Bathurst, the newSecretary <strong>of</strong> State for the Colonies,he aroused the hostility <strong>of</strong> a group<strong>of</strong> influential landholders andmilitary <strong>of</strong>ficers.BLUE MOUNTAINS ASSOCIATION OF CULTURALHERITAGE ORGANISATIONS INC.REGISTERED OFFICE 14 Bunnal Ave, Winmalee 2777E-mail: jank@eftel.com.au or bmacho.heritage@gmail.comWebsite: www.bluemountains.heritage.comTHE ORGANISATION <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> <strong>Association</strong> <strong>of</strong><strong>Cultural</strong> Organisations Inc. (BMACHO) was establishedin April 2006 following a unanimous response to aproposal from Pr<strong>of</strong>essor Barrie Reynolds at the 2004<strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> Local History Conference which soughtfrom <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> City Council the creation <strong>of</strong> acultural heritage strategy for the city.BMACHO in its constitution uses the definition: “<strong>Cultural</strong>heritage is all aspects <strong>of</strong> life <strong>of</strong> the peoples <strong>of</strong> the <strong>Blue</strong><strong>Mountains</strong> which was later changed to cover Lithgow andthe villages along the Bell’s Line <strong>of</strong> Roads. It thereforeinvolves the recording, preserving and interpreting <strong>of</strong>information in whatever form: documents, objects,recorded memories as well as buildings and sites.”The objectives <strong>of</strong> the organisation are:i. To raise public consciousness <strong>of</strong>the value <strong>of</strong> cultural heritage.ii. To encourage and assist culturalheritage activities <strong>of</strong> member organisations.iii. To initiate and support culturalheritage activities not already covered bymember organisations.One <strong>of</strong> the aims <strong>of</strong> BMACHO is to bring the variousbodies into closer contact, to encourage them to workmore closely together and to provide a combined voiceon matters <strong>of</strong> importance within the heritage sector.Known as the exclusives, theybelieved convicts, even whenemancipated, had no place inrespectable society and to readmitthem would upset the existing socialorderThe rising number <strong>of</strong> pardons by theGovernor, and his injunction tomagistrates to limit flogging asmuch as possible, increased theiralarm.So scandalised were the <strong>of</strong>ficers <strong>of</strong>the 46 th Regiment that they entereda pact not to fraternise with anyonewho had arrived in the colony undersentence <strong>of</strong> transportation.Macquarie would not back down.In 1813 he told Lord Bathurst thatwhile most <strong>of</strong> the free settlers wouldundoubtedly prefer never to admitemancipists to equality withthemselves, it was after all a convictcolony and if they were too proud toassociate with convicts they shouldmove to another country. 1The first to benefit from Macquarie’sliberal measures were Simeon Lordand Andrew Thompson whom hemade magistrates in 1810.Others included William Redfernwho was made assistant principalsurgeon, James Meehan, whobecame acting surveyor and IsaacNichols who was appointedsuperintendent <strong>of</strong> convicts.Extract from The Governor. Lachlan Macquarie1810 to 1821, a State Library <strong>of</strong> NSWpublication. ISBN 0 7313 7203 4.1Macquarie to Bathurst, 28 June 1813,Historical Records <strong>of</strong> Australia 1/7, p.775MEMBERSHIP The following organisations are members <strong>of</strong>BMACHO: <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> City Library, <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong><strong>Cultural</strong> <strong>Heritage</strong> Centre, <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> Historical SocietyInc., <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> Family History Society Inc., <strong>Blue</strong><strong>Mountains</strong> Tourism Limited, <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> World <strong>Heritage</strong>Institute, Cudgegong Museums Group Inc., EvergladesHistoric House & Gardens, Friends <strong>of</strong> <strong>No</strong>rman LindsayGallery, Glenbrook & District Historical Society Inc.,Kurrajong-Comleroy Historical Society Inc, Lilianfels <strong>Blue</strong><strong>Mountains</strong> Resort, Lithgow and District Family History SocietyInc., Lithgow Mining Museum Inc., Lithgow Regional Library –Local Studies, Lithgow Small Arms Factory Museum Inc, Mid-<strong>Mountains</strong> Historical Society Inc, Mid Western RegionalCouncil Library, Mt Tomah Botanic Gardens, Mt Victoria andDistrict Historical Society Inc., Mt Wilson and Mt Irvine HistorySociety Inc. (including Turkish Bath Museum), MudgeeHistorical Society Inc., Mudgee Regional Library, NationalTrust <strong>of</strong> Australia (NSW) - <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> Branch (includingWoodford Academy), National Trust <strong>of</strong> Australia (NSW) -Lithgow Branch, Scenic World – <strong>Blue</strong> <strong>Mountains</strong> Limited,Springwood & District Historical Society Inc.., SpringwoodHistorians Inc., Transport Signal and Communication MuseumInc., The Darnell Collection Pty Ltd, Valley HeightsLocomotive Depot and Museum, Zig Zag Railway Co-op Ltd.The following are individual members: Ray Christison,Associate Pr<strong>of</strong>essor Ian Jack, Joan Kent, John Leary OAM,John Low, Ian Milliss, Pr<strong>of</strong>essor Barrie Reynolds, and Dr PeterStanbury OAM.COMMITTEE The committee for 2010-11 is: John Leary(president), Ian Jack (vice president), Jan Koperberg(secretary), Kathie McMahon-<strong>No</strong>lf (treasurer), Jean Arthur,Joan Kent, Doug Knowles, Dick Morony (public <strong>of</strong>ficer),Barrie Reynolds and Peter Stanbury.HERITAGE is BMACHO’s <strong>of</strong>ficial newsletter.HONORARY AUDITOR: Sue McMahon, B Comm CPA.AFFILIATIONS BMACHO is a member <strong>of</strong> the RoyalAustralian Historical Society Inc.HERITAGE 19<strong>No</strong>vember - December 2010

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