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Devonshire February March 17

Devon's Countryside, Wildlife, History and Events

An important map

An important map covering Devonshire in its entirety. A £100 award was offered for a large scale, one inch to the mile map of any English county. Benjamin Donn stepped up to the mark. He reckoned it cost him nearly £2,000 Benjamin Donn's map of 1765 70 This map was reproduced from copies at Devon Rural Archive, Shilstone

Black Torrington & Lifton Interesting Facts: 1. Holsworthy - derived from Old English, "Heald" or "Healda" - a personal name, and "worpig" - an enclosure, estate or farm. 2. Holsworthy was part of the Black Torrington Hundred (Hundred being a Germanic term, which was described by Tacitus in about AD 98 - essentially it meant and adminsitrative division). Black Torrington was one of thirty two ancient administrative units across Devon. 3. Holsworthy had a WWII prisoner of war camp situated north of the town. German and Italian prisoners were employed as farm labourers. 4. The population in Holsworthy in 1891 was 1,960 and a hundred years later in 1991 it was lower at 1,892. In 2011 it increased to 2,651. 5. Holsworthy has an anaerobic digestion facility, the only centralised one in the UK, turning dairy and farm slurry into biogas, which is used to generate power. 6. Note the windmill on the map at Holsworthy. 7. Werrington used to lie in the county of Devon, now Cornwall following boundary changes in 1966. 9. It's said that actor John Nettles is a resident of Pyworthy. 10. Newton St Petrock was the home to Prudence Abbott Potter, England's first female physician. 11. Shipwash - you wouldn't think they'd wash ships so far inland, but was actually Schepewast (as documented in 1166), meaning a place where sheep were washed prior to shearing. The river is the Torridge. 12. Dunsland (just west of Cookbury), an historic manor house (showing Bickford Esq as owner) is said to have passed in an unbroken line from the time of the Norman Conquest. The house was destroyed by fire in 1967, just after extensive restoration by the National Trust. 13. Old Tetcott House at Tetcott was a Queen Ann style building built by the Arscott family in about 1700, later demolished in 1831. The Arscotts were a family of ancient freeholders that rose through the ranks, apparently, mostly through marriage. John Arscott (1613-1675) was Sheriff of Devon. 14. John Arscott of Tetcott (1719-1788) died without issue (children). He kept a dwarf jester as a member of the household, in grand mediaeval style. 8. Pyworthy's St Swithin's Church is rare in that it has a clerestory, which is a high section of wall that contains windows above eye level to let in additional light. EXPLANATION Market and Borough Towns in Capitals as Tiverton Annexed to a Town denotes it a Borough which retains its Privilege of sending Representativesl to Parliament. Villages. Churches; but in the Plan of a Town where the Elevation cannot be conveniently shewn, thus Seats or Noted Houses. Farms or Cottages. Copper or Tin mines. Roman or Danish Forts or Encampments. Parks. Turnpike Roads or intended to be made such. Inclosed Roads. Open Roads over Commons or Downs. Distance (example Exeter to Topsham, 3 Miles, 3 Furlongs & 20 Poles) Old Tetcott House, marked on the house as Arscott Esq - image from a book by Sabine Baring-Gould - Devonshire Characters Devon Rural Archive, Shilstone The archive and document access is available as follows: Open to the public on these days: Mon, Tue & Thur 11am - 3pm Admission is free, there is no requirement to book The lovely Lewtrenchard Manor (map bottom right) now a luxury hotel - see STAYCATION on the Devonshire magazine website www.devonruralarchive.com 71

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