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Albemarle Tradewinds October 2016 Final

October 2016

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The Chowanoke Indians By Duvonya Chavis The Chowanoke War took place from 1675 to 1677. This war ended a treaty that the Chowanoke Indians previously had with the English, one that had been in effect for nearly a decade. During the first year of the war, the Chowanokes had initial success. However, in 1676 it was fate that enabled the English settlers to regroup and gain strength as unexpected aide came to their side. They were supplied with firearms and ammunition and with this, were able to overcome and defeat the Chowanokes. After this defeat, the Chowanoke Indians were relegated to a designated area in Gates County along Bennett’s Creek. This became known as the Chowanoke Reservation and was the first reservation to be formed in North Carolina. It was also possibly the first reservation that had been established in America after the United States was formed. This reservation started out initially with 12 square miles but eventually dwindled to 400 acres. This downward spiral was unrelenting due to continued settler encroachment or mishap until finally the Chowanoke lost all of their land and no longer had their reservation. In spite of earlier pleas by the Chowanoke Chiefmen to the North Carolina council to have their land surveyed in order to prevent continued encroachment, it was not until about 120 years later that a survey and deed was recorded which outlined the boundaries of the Chowanoke reservation. By then, it was too late for the Chowanoke Indians as most of the land had either been encroached upon and taken or had been negotiated to be sold. Duvonya, a Chowanoke Indian descendant, is President of Roanoke-Chowan Native American Association, a non-profit organization whose mission is to help American Indians in Northeastern NC and Southeastern VA. She currently sits on the council of the Chowanoke Tribe. In partnership with another Chowanoke descendant, she is currently developing Chowanoke Reservation for tribal descendants to gather and hold cultural events. Loft Gardens Book you Christmas and corporate parties Book now before Nov 15th and get a 15% discount Call Doris 252-338-0048 Footprints - Christian Resources now has Media Burn Bar! MEDIA BurnBar allows Footprints to burn on demand, songs, albums, playlists, performance tracks, audio books, software and games in store for their customers, usually in 5 minutes or less. Footprints can now offer a huge music selection. Discovery of what you want is easy and the quality is superb. facebook.com/AlbemarleTradingPost Albemarle Tradewinds October 2016 43