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Historic Bonneville County

An illustrated history of Bonneville County area, paired with the histories of companies, families and organizations that make the region great.

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HISTORIC<br />

BONNEVILLE COUNTY<br />

A Centennial History<br />

by Mary Jane Fritzen<br />

A publication of the Greater Idaho Falls<br />

Chamber of Commerce<br />

HPNbooks<br />

A division of Lammert Incorporated<br />

San Antonio, Texas


✧<br />

The Falls.<br />

PAINTING COURTESY OF<br />

MARJORIE CLEARWATER, ARTIST.<br />

First Edition<br />

Copyright © 2012 HPNbooks<br />

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, without permission in writing<br />

from the publisher. All inquiries should be addressed to HPNbooks, 11535 Galm Road, Suite 101, San Antonio, Texas, 78254, (800) 749-9790, www.hpnbooks.com.<br />

ISBN: 978-1-935377-98-6<br />

Library of Congress Card Catalog Number: 2012951377<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>: A Centennial History<br />

author: Mary Jane Fritzen<br />

photograph editor: Scott Moss<br />

contributing writers for sharing the heritage: Brenda Thompson, Joe Goodpasture, Garnette Bane<br />

HPNbooks<br />

president: Ron Lammert<br />

project manager: Bart Barica<br />

administration: Donna M. Mata, Melissa G. Quinn<br />

book sales: Dee Steidle<br />

production: Colin Hart, Evelyn Hart, Glenda Tarazon Krouse, Tony Quinn<br />

2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


4 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS<br />

CONTENTS<br />

5 INTRODUCTION Purpose of the book<br />

6 SEASONS OF TIMELESS BEAUTY Photographs courtesy of Scott Moss<br />

10 CHAPTER 1 Before the Bridge<br />

12 CHAPTER 2 Taylor’s Bridge<br />

15 CHAPTER 3 Railroad and Agriculture, 1879-1889<br />

19 CHAPTER 4 Idaho Falls Begins, 1891-1910<br />

30 CHAPTER 5 <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> Formed, 1911<br />

34 CHAPTER 6 City Expands Downtown, 1911-1930<br />

38 CHAPTER 7 City Growth Highlights to 1945<br />

42 CHAPTER 8 Atomic Energy Arrives and Culture Thrives<br />

46 CHAPTER 9 Irrigation and Palisades Dam<br />

49 CHAPTER 10 Ammon<br />

51 CHAPTER 11 Bone<br />

52 CHAPTER 12 Coltman<br />

54 CHAPTER 13 Dehlin<br />

55 CHAPTER 14 Iona<br />

57 CHAPTER 15 Grays Lake and Caribou Mountain<br />

61 CHAPTER 16 Lincoln<br />

63 CHAPTER 17 New Sweden<br />

65 CHAPTER 18 Osgood<br />

67 CHAPTER 19 Ozone<br />

69 CHAPTER 20 Ririe, Shelton, Poplar, Antelope<br />

73 CHAPTER 21 Swan Valley<br />

75 CHAPTER 22 Taylor<br />

78 CHAPTER 23 Ucon<br />

80 CHAPTER 24 York<br />

82 CHAPTER 25 <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>: Celebrating 100 Years<br />

84 ENDNOTES<br />

86 SHARING THE HERITAGE<br />

167 SPONSORS<br />

168 ABOUT THE AUTHOR<br />

168 ABOUT THE PHOTO EDITOR<br />

C o n t e n t s ✦ 3


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS<br />

Many hands make an illustrated county history possible.<br />

For the first chapters, which chronicle a history of <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> and Idaho Falls, I relied on initial encouragement from my<br />

brothers Joe and Dick Groberg, as well as lifetime experiences from my father, Delbert V. Groberg. Dad and I earlier worked with<br />

historians Edith Haroldsen Lovell, Merrill D. Beal, and Leonard J. Arrington (each now deceased), and I have since studied their<br />

writings. The Post-Register has recorded our local history from its beginning. David Pennock and the Museum of Idaho’s archivists<br />

LaDean Harmston and Judy House have given unselfish service to answer local history questions. Dave Radford, county<br />

commissioner; Ann Rydalch, county centennial event chair; historians Joseph Stewart, Susan Mardis and others have assisted me<br />

for several years to commemorate our centennial. Paul Jenkins produced a much-valued DVD containing interviews and short<br />

community histories, which was shown at our celebration. Lavon Reed has video-taped our history programs for the Museum’s<br />

Reading and Reference room. Photographs of county officials past and present were collected by Joseph Stewart and others; they are<br />

displayed in the county courthouse rotunda.<br />

Scott Moss, photo editor, has provided pictures from many sources, and Davidjohn Stosich, maps. Connie Otteson, Earline Reid,<br />

and Bruce Bash have given editorial assistance. We acknowledge use of writing by Cheryl Cox, Harold Forbush, D. V. Groberg,<br />

Margaret Hawkes Lindsley, Monte A. Mason, Jolyn Wyatt, Barbara Watson, Ron Harker, Jim Bennett, Bradley P. Bugger (INL), and<br />

Chesbro Music Company.<br />

For the short histories of the many communities which compose our county, I acknowledge work of the following local historians:<br />

Aleen Jensen (Ammon); Reed Moss (Antelope), Amy McClellan (Bone), Frank Randall, Ina Rasmussen, Kathy Moore, Lee Wilkins<br />

(Coltman); Jean Schwieder (Dehlin); Ellen Carney Nelson and Dave Radford (Grays Lake and Caribou Mountain); Zo Ann Simmons,<br />

Linden Bateman and Betty McKinlay (Iona); Jack Scott and Ron Harker (Lincoln); Susan Mardis (New Sweden); Joseph Stewart<br />

(Osgood); John P. Martinson and Helen McMullin (Palisades Dam); Connie Otteson (Ozone); Becky Freeman (Ririe); Afton Bitton<br />

(Swan Valley area); Bob and Jane Hoff, Lynn Clapp, and Doyle Arave (Taylor); Caroline Mackay, Bruce Bash, Sherrol and Karen Landon<br />

(Ucon); Gordon Moir and Nancy Moir (York).<br />

We also thank Helen McMullin, Rachel Robbins, Emily Murdock and others for their assistance. Rob Chiles, president CEO of<br />

Idaho Falls Chamber of Commerce, and the C of C will be responsible for book sales.<br />

Among previous county histories consulted are <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> in the Making (1941) by Barzilla Clark; Captain <strong>Bonneville</strong>’s<br />

<strong>County</strong> (1963) by Edith Haroldsen Lovell; and Beautiful <strong>Bonneville</strong> (1989), edited by a committee headed by Alice Horton [Crockett].<br />

Edith Lovell has also researched and published a valuable history of Captain <strong>Bonneville</strong>, Benjamin <strong>Bonneville</strong>, Soldier of the American<br />

Frontier (1992).<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> Heritage Association published a county history book for use in fourth grade Idaho History classes. It is<br />

George Brunt, Young Pioneer of Eagle Rock (2009) by Connie Otteson. Our BCHA committee of fourth grade teachers headed by<br />

Todd Brown selected the author and supervised the writing and publication of this award-winning and recommended historical<br />

story book. They also produced a useful teacher’s supplement by Deanna Hovey of BYU-Idaho faculty. (For more information,<br />

see <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> Heritage Association, www.bonnevilleheritage.org.)<br />

Our year-long centennial celebration would not have been possible without the help from our Centennial Sponsors and Supporters:<br />

Delbert V. & Jennie H. Groberg Family Trust, Eastern Idaho Regional Medical Center, Farr Candy Company, Idaho National<br />

Laboratory, Intermountain Film & Video Productions Company, Idaho Travertine Corporation, Melaleuca, Inc., Museum of Idaho,<br />

Post-Register, Rocky Mountain Power, The Smith Group, U.S. Department of Energy Idaho Operations Office, Jim’s Trophy Room,<br />

Kris Burnham, Lori McNamara, Richard H. Groberg, and William & Jeanne Rigby.<br />

4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


INTRODUCTION<br />

“Family Friendly” describes <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>. Even the toll bridge enterprise included a family as revealed in the 1870 census<br />

of Eagle Rock Post Office, Snake River District, Oneida <strong>County</strong>, Idaho. Although the elements of weather and location were harshly<br />

unfriendly, Matt Taylor, the bridge-builder, brought his young family here for a few years. While most residents of this outpost were<br />

men who worked at mining or for the stage, yet the household of James Taylor, age 41, included his wife, J. L. (Jane LeGrand), 38,<br />

and their four children—Mary, 14; Oliver, 11; Robert, 4, and Jennie, 1. Several other relatives of Taylor and Anderson also settled<br />

in Eagle Rock, later named Idaho Falls. 1 After about 1871, when Matt Taylor and his family returned to Missouri, 2 Robert Anderson,<br />

Taylor’s brother-in-law, became responsible for the bridge and the business. Robert and his brother Jack founded the Anderson<br />

Brothers bank and mercantile business.<br />

Robert Anderson deserves the title of “first citizen” of Idaho Falls. He was first postmaster in 1866, started the first bank and store<br />

and conducted business here most of his life. He had to “go it” alone for several years at first until his brother Jack joined in the<br />

Idaho enterprise, enabling Robert to return to Missouri, where Robert was married when he was about 48. The newlyweds returned<br />

to Idaho, but also kept a farm in Missouri. His Idaho Falls household in the 1900 census included his wife, Alice; his married brother<br />

Jack, their aunt, Jane Holt, 77; and a servant, Ellis Van Winkle, 30. Robert died in a buggy accident in Missouri in 1904.<br />

Eagle Rock, also known as Taylor’s bridge, was principally a toll bridge river crossing until the railroad came in 1879. From then<br />

on hundreds of second generation Mormon families from Utah homesteaded and organized communities in the area. 3 Other settlers<br />

came from mid-western states, for example, the Swedish-speaking settlers of New Sweden. From its beginning Eagle Rock fostered<br />

schools and churches for Mormons, Protestants and Catholics. People looked after their old folks, who often came to live with their<br />

children and grandchildren.<br />

P U R P O S E O F T H E B O O K<br />

I appreciated a friend’s sympathy when she asked me why I accepted this job. Writing a history of <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> is<br />

heavy duty; its weight must be shared by many. You may be interested in my answer. When Bart Barica called me last fall for<br />

recommendations of possible writers for a county history for his client, <strong>Historic</strong>al Publications Network, I exempted myself. As chair<br />

of <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> Heritage Association, engaged in its centennial celebration, I knew of various other qualified writers.<br />

Later, when Bart offered me the job, I chose to reconsider it because of one special asset—the Power Point presentations given<br />

by about twenty community historians during the past several years. These presentations had been shortened with the help of<br />

Joe Stewart for a DVD produced for Ann Rydalch by Paul Jenkins. We could use these capsule histories. Sure we had the DVD, an<br />

Internet site [<strong>Bonneville</strong>heritage.org], and interested audiences had attended our lectures; but now an attractive coffee-table book<br />

could further preserve our heritage.<br />

HPN’s method was to obtain a local author and sponsoring organization, and to sell business profile pages, showing contributions<br />

of specific businesses. These “paid” pages would be prepared separately from the body of the book and would pay for the<br />

publication. As author, I had no role in the “profiles.” This system left marketing up to the local sponsor, The Idaho Falls Chamber<br />

of Commerce. With a six-months’ deadline and limitations on both words and photos, I became the author and enlisted Scott Moss<br />

to be photo editor.<br />

This concise history begins with some photos of timeless<br />

beauties. Its first seven chapters chronologically summarize some<br />

highlights of our county’s development from the 1800s until about<br />

1945. Chapters 8 and 9 add the nuclear laboratory and the Palisade<br />

Dam, which came later. Short histories of each community comprise<br />

the second part of the book; they are arranged alphabetically as<br />

chapters 10-24. The concluding chapter describes our centennial<br />

celebration in 2011. Hopefully readers will find additional stories<br />

and interest in their heritage beyond the pages of this book.<br />

Short on words but well-illustrated, this book can help preserve<br />

our pioneer heritage and transmit essential values to our youth.<br />

I n t r o d u c t i o n ✦ 5


Spring<br />

✧ Balsam Root on Pine Creek Pass.<br />

✧ Wildflowers in Southeastern Idaho.<br />

✧ Wildflower at Grays Lake.<br />

✧ Tulips in Idaho Falls.<br />

✧ Spring flower on forest floor.<br />

✧ Wildflowers along Palisades Creek Trail.<br />

6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


SEASONS OF TIMELESS BEAUTY<br />

✧ Floating the Snake River below Heise.<br />

✧ Blue Angels Air Show in Idaho Falls.<br />

✧ Japanese lantern at Sportsman Park.<br />

✧ View of Rainey Creek in Swan Valley.<br />

Summer<br />

✧ Monument at Taylor’s Crossing.<br />

✧ Abandoned International truck near Dehlin.<br />

S e a s o n s o f T i m e l e s s B e a u t y ✦ 7


Fall<br />

✧ Fall rainbow near Antelope Flats.<br />

✧ Aspen leaves in Swan Valley.<br />

✧ Fall hillside in Skyline Ridge.<br />

PHOTOGRAPHS OF THE SEASONS COURTESY OF SCOTT MOSS.<br />

✧ Fall colors on Palisades Creek.<br />

✧ Old home near Antelope Flats.<br />

8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


✧ Christmas time on the Green Belt.<br />

✧ First snow in Idaho Falls.<br />

✧ Diamond dust on Palisades Creek.<br />

✧ Winter farm scene south of Idaho Falls.<br />

Winter<br />

✧ Frosty morning in Swan Valley.<br />

✧ Winter in Tautphaus Park.<br />

S e a s o n s o f T i m e l e s s B e a u t y ✦ 9


CHAPTER 1<br />

B E F O R E T H E B R I D G E<br />

✧<br />

Above: Eagle Rock ferry site about<br />

nine miles north of Broadway Bridge.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF CONNIE OTTESON.<br />

Captain Benjamin L. E. <strong>Bonneville</strong> deserved to have a county named for him. Ever since Lewis<br />

and Clark first experienced this western country in 1805, the land beckoned explorers. John Jacob<br />

Astor, Wilson Price Hunt, and Andrew Henry were probably the first-known white men to camp in<br />

the Upper Snake River valley in about 1811. Nathaniel Wyeth established Fort Hall in 1834.<br />

Although trappers found rich rewards in beaver skins in the early 1800s, it was not until after<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong>’s expeditions in 1832-34 that the land was fully explored. It was another forty years until<br />

anyone seriously considered settlement in what is now <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>.<br />

Edith Lovell, county historian and Captain <strong>Bonneville</strong> biographer, verified Washington Irving’s<br />

image of him as an earnest, friendly and courteous man, whose persistent faith in human rights “was<br />

equaled only by his appreciation of nature’s boundless wonders. In his old age perhaps [his] best<br />

[memories] were of his years in the fur-trade and Indian world of the Rockies, living with ambition,<br />

eagerness, and a splendid dream.” 4<br />

Idaho Falls began with Taylor’s Bridge, but before the bridge, native Americans (Shoshoni and<br />

Northern Paiute or Bannock), frequented the area. Explorers, trappers, missionaries, and freighters<br />

all preceded any permanent settlement.<br />

Idaho was a late bloomer. It has a varied geography. While most of the state is mountainous,<br />

southeast Idaho is on the Snake River plains, the largest non-mountainous area on the state map. 5<br />

In the 1840s it seemed a hopeless sagebrush desert to John C. Fremont, whose maps helped open<br />

up the west to settlement. Beginning in 1847, Utah was settled by the Mormons. Several years<br />

later their leader Brigham Young, called missionaries to go north into Idaho to live with the Indians<br />

1 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


and teach them Christianity and farming skills.<br />

The location they chose was in the Salmon<br />

River country, just a few miles from Lewis<br />

and Clark’s famous Seventy-Mile Camp of<br />

1805, the first campground of white people<br />

in Idaho. 6 Fort Lemhi was Idaho’s first white<br />

farming community. It lasted just three years<br />

until difficulties forced its abandonment in<br />

1858. Nevertheless those missionaries had<br />

become acquainted with the country, and<br />

some later returned to settle in what is now<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>.<br />

Permanent settlement in Idaho began during<br />

the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln signed a bill<br />

creating Idaho Territory in 1863. It included<br />

Montana and most of Wyoming and was at first<br />

larger than Texas but was soon carved down to<br />

near its present size. Its settlement was influenced<br />

by people fleeing the war. Thousands had<br />

trekked through the area on their way to Oregon<br />

or California when Idaho was part of the<br />

Oregon Territory, and they crossed it heading<br />

for the California gold rush in 1849, but the<br />

story changed when gold was discovered in<br />

Idaho and Montana. “Idaho gained its reputation<br />

as a mining territory in the 1860s and drew<br />

thousands of adventurers to its mountain-fast<br />

treasures.” 7 Placer mining and panning for gold<br />

were the norm. Hundreds of young unmarried<br />

men were attracted to this kind of mining<br />

because it required only simple tools, devices<br />

and hard work. “The typical picture of a mining<br />

district is not one of shooting up saloons<br />

and robbing the stage and express companies,<br />

but of hundreds of men toiling in the hot<br />

sun to earn a worthwhile pouch of dust.” 8<br />

Mt. Caribou, located in the southeastern part<br />

of present <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>, produced about<br />

$1.2 million in gold beginning in 1870. The<br />

peak of Idaho’s mining was in the 1880s.<br />

It was the Montana mines that brought<br />

freighting through eastern Idaho. Montana<br />

mining camps relied on food supplies from<br />

Utah. 9 Ben Holladay stage lines received a<br />

contract for tri-weekly mail deliveries from<br />

Salt Lake City to Virginia City, Montana, by way<br />

of Cache Valley, Fort Hall, Eagle Rock and<br />

Beaver Canyon (Spencer). In January 1864 the<br />

state legislature incorporated this large area<br />

into the new Oneida <strong>County</strong>. Its county seat<br />

was Soda Springs, then later Malad—both a<br />

long journey from Eagle Rock.<br />

Freighting was a lucrative business. “Discovery<br />

of gold at Grasshopper Creek in Western Montana<br />

led to a flood of traffic from Northern Utah<br />

through Eastern Idaho to Montana.” 10 About half<br />

of Montana’s imports of food and supplies came<br />

by ox and mule team over this route. Freighters<br />

were sometimes from Cache Valley but more<br />

often from Nevada or the Great Plains states.<br />

Freight loads included flour, eggs, butter,<br />

potatoes and salt. Oneida Salt Works, located<br />

85 miles southeast of Eagle Rock, shipped a<br />

huge amount of salt. Tea, coffee, tobacco and<br />

mining supplies came from Corrine, Utah, after<br />

the transcontinental railroad was completed<br />

there in May 1869.<br />

A major obstacle to freighting was crossing<br />

the Snake River. There were only a few shallow<br />

places where travelers could ford the river.<br />

Several ferries were built for crossing. Eagle<br />

Rock Ferry was built in 1863 and chartered<br />

by the territorial legislature, which also set its<br />

tolls. It was just nine miles north of present<br />

✧<br />

Captain B. L. E. <strong>Bonneville</strong>, army<br />

officer and explorer for whom the<br />

county was named.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE U.S. ARMY<br />

HISTORY INSTITUTE IN CARLISLE, PENNSYLVANIA.<br />

Idaho Falls. 11 C h a p t e r 1 ✦ 1 1


CHAPTER 2<br />

T A Y L O R ’ S<br />

B R I D G E<br />

✧<br />

Above: Taylor Toll Bridge. Photograph<br />

taken by William Jackson with the<br />

Hayden Party around 1871.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

Below: James Madison Taylor.<br />

PHOTOGRAPHY COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

James Madison (Matt) Taylor envisioned and built the first bridge across the Snake River. He was<br />

born in Kentucky in 1825 and married Jane LeGrand Anderson in Lexington, Missouri, in 1853. He was<br />

a freighter who hauled goods in Colorado, Utah, Idaho and Montana. While freighting, he selected the<br />

Snake River bridge site at “Black Rock Canyon.” He then organized the Oneida Road, Bridge and Ferry<br />

Company, which was chartered in December 1864 by the territorial legislature. The company was<br />

responsible for building and maintaining the road, bridge and ferry. The charter was good for twenty<br />

years. As wagon traffic was active and river crossings were needed, the toll business was very profitable.<br />

He advertised in the Daily Telegraph, Great Salt Lake City, April 12, 1865:<br />

Eagle Rock Ferry Snake River.<br />

Best and Shortest Route to the Gold Fields of Montana.<br />

The above-named ferry is furnished with a good substantial boat and two excellent strong ropes and<br />

is now in splendid running order. In the connection with the ferry we have a general store.<br />

We are now constructing a good and substantial bridge across Snake River in the vicinity of the ferry,<br />

which will be opened for the passage of teams about the end of May next.<br />

-J. M. Taylor, E. M. Morgan, W. F. Bartlit<br />

Matt set out to build the bridge then sent for his wife’s brother, Robert Anderson, to be his<br />

business partner. Robert, who was working in New York, responded and brought Matt’s wife and<br />

two children to Idaho with him. Later, after living many years in Idaho, Robert wrote an account of<br />

the bridge and its business: 12<br />

The bridge timbers were cut and hewn out at Beaver Canyon and in six feet of snow, then hauled<br />

eighty miles over the road which Ben Holliday’s stage mules could not keep open. In the spring of<br />

1866 the wagon bridge was opened and the ferry people moved down from the Ferry and brought the<br />

name of Eagle Rock with them. A small dwelling house was built of driftwood. A little storeroom and a<br />

blacksmith shop were made of some boards and old ferry-boat timbers, and the station of Eagle Rock had<br />

been started. All prices were high.<br />

Indians lounged about the store and a few trappers, including Beaver Dick (Richard Leigh), came<br />

for their supplies.<br />

1 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


✧<br />

Left: Taylor Bridge after 1889 when it<br />

was condemned. The flour mill on the<br />

west side of the river was destroyed by<br />

fire in the early 1900s.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

Below: Robert Anderson.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

Jennie Reno, an early resident and historian,<br />

wrote in 1916:<br />

The next spring [1865 or 1866] Mr. Taylor’s<br />

family and brother-in-law, Robert Anderson,<br />

came out, moving down where Idaho Falls now<br />

is and opening up a store and bank or trading<br />

post, receiving gold dust, skins, etc. in return<br />

for guns, clothing and groceries; trappers,<br />

freighters and settlers depositing their earnings<br />

with them. The bridge was entirely of logs<br />

except for the bolts and irons taken from old<br />

freight wagons, converted to the use by Morgan,<br />

a blacksmith, and it was known as Taylor’s<br />

Bridge for several years. It was too low and<br />

washed out during high water in June 1867.<br />

They succeeded in…saving most of it and<br />

rebuilt it that winter. During high water, it was<br />

a common sight to see Mr. Taylor standing on<br />

the bridge with a prod pole pushing driftwood<br />

down stream.<br />

the others were young men working at mines<br />

or the stage station. Ten had wives keeping<br />

house, and there were nineteen little children.<br />

Of those, four belonged to James Taylor and his<br />

wife LeGrand. Shortly after 1870 the Taylors<br />

would return to live in Missouri. Although the<br />

Civil War had devastated her father’s family and<br />

property, LeGrand Taylor no longer needed to<br />

endure the cold windy winters and primitive<br />

frontier conditions of Idaho. According to the<br />

census, their daughter Jennie, aged one, had<br />

been born in Idaho; Robert, 4, in Utah; Oliver,<br />

11 and Mary 14, in Missouri. Only one ever<br />

came back to Eagle Rock. Barzilla Clark, who<br />

later wrote a history of the making of<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>, recalled that Jennie Taylor<br />

came back and was his first and favorite school<br />

teacher in early Idaho Falls. She later returned<br />

to Missouri.<br />

Bottom: Richard Leigh “Beaver Dick”<br />

with his Indian wife Jennie and<br />

their children.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

Nearly all business in Southeast Idaho<br />

depended on freighting. During the season long<br />

trains of ox wagons were constantly on the<br />

road. Stage hands cut, hauled and stacked hay<br />

at the stations. The bridge often brought in<br />

from one thousand to two thousand dollars a<br />

day with twenty-five to fifty freight teams and<br />

other traffic crossing.<br />

From the 1870 census of the Eagle Rock<br />

Post Office, Upper Snake River District, Oneida<br />

<strong>County</strong>, Idaho Territory, we learn that pioneer<br />

Eagle Rock had a population of 75. Only three<br />

owned real estate—John M. Taylor (likely a<br />

relative), James Taylor, and Robert Anderson.<br />

Only these three were merchants and had<br />

personal estates of more than $1,000. Most of<br />

C h a p t e r 2 ✦ 1 3


✧<br />

Top: C. C. Hayes, undertaker,<br />

at Sam Taylor’s Livery.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

Above: Jack Anderson.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

Both the founding families, Taylors and<br />

Andersons, had strong American heritages.<br />

James Madison earned his name as a relative of<br />

two presidents of the United States, James<br />

Madison and Zachary Taylor. Robert and<br />

LeGrand were children of Oliver Anderson,<br />

who had moved from Kentucky to Lexington,<br />

Missouri, in 1851. He owned a successful<br />

hemp-production business and built a beautiful<br />

home beside the Missouri River. A prominent<br />

Southern-sympathizer in the Civil War, he<br />

was later jailed and banished from Missouri.<br />

Today, because a Civil War battle was fought<br />

there, the Anderson House is a Missouri State<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Site.<br />

Other Taylors and Andersons were among<br />

Eagle Rock’s founders. Matt Taylor enlisted<br />

his cousin Sam Taylor to come from Missouri<br />

and bring herds of cattle. In 1871 Robert<br />

Anderson sent for his brother John C. (Jack)<br />

Anderson, to be a business partner in 1871.<br />

Robert and Jack remained in Eagle Rock<br />

(Idaho Falls) for most of the rest of their<br />

lives, as did Sam Taylor. Robert wrote of<br />

his experience:<br />

Often only a single man was at Eagle Rock<br />

where there were hundreds of Indians camped<br />

around. At times [I] was left entirely alone, acting<br />

as stage agent, operator, postmaster, storekeeper.<br />

Fort Hall Indian reservation was laid out<br />

[1868]. Oneida <strong>County</strong> was organized [1864]<br />

with Malad as the county seat, 120 miles south<br />

of Eagle Rock, the northern boundary of the<br />

county being the Montana line. 13<br />

After about fifteen years of pioneering here,<br />

Robert turned the business over to Jack and<br />

returned to his farm in Missouri. While there he<br />

married a widow named Alice then returned<br />

with her to live in Eagle Rock. As the bridge<br />

now belonged to the Anderson brothers, it was<br />

called Anderson’s Bridge. They collected tolls<br />

until 1889, when Bingham <strong>County</strong> commissioners<br />

finally denied their application for<br />

license renewal. The bridge became a public<br />

highway and was replaced in 1890 by a new<br />

steel bridge.<br />

By 1889, Bingham <strong>County</strong> had been formed<br />

from the north portion of Oneida <strong>County</strong> with<br />

Blackfoot as county seat. Idaho statehood was<br />

nearing. Robert Anderson and Sam Taylor<br />

were elected to represent Bingham <strong>County</strong> as<br />

delegates to the state constitution convention in<br />

1889. Anderson Brothers Bank and Anderson<br />

Brothers Mercantile store were important to<br />

early Idaho Falls. The bank continued until<br />

1933 when it became First Security Bank.<br />

While rightly considered Idaho Falls’ “first<br />

citizen,” Robert also maintained a successful<br />

farm in Lafayette <strong>County</strong>, Missouri, where he<br />

died in 1904 as a result of a buggy accident.<br />

He was honored and mourned both there and<br />

in newly-named Idaho Falls.<br />

1 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


CHAPTER 3<br />

R A I L R O A D A N D A G R I C U L T U R E , 1 8 7 9 - 1 8 8 9<br />

Before the railroad came, 250,000 emigrants had crossed Idaho territory by wagon en route to<br />

Oregon or California, 14 yet Southeast Idaho remained an unsettled desert wilderness. In the spring<br />

of 1879, the Utah and Northern Railroad Line constructed by Cache Valley Mormon pioneers<br />

bridged the Snake River at Eagle Rock. It set the stage for an explosion of migration from northern<br />

Utah to the Upper Snake River valley in the 1880s.<br />

The transcontinental railroad had joined the nation at Promontory Point May 10, 1869. The<br />

terminus at Corinne, Utah, was several miles northwest of Ogden. Brigham Young built railroad lines<br />

to connect Salt Lake City and Ogden. His son, John W. Young, who had assisted in the Union Pacific<br />

construction, negotiated with New York City businessmen to construct the railroad further north. He<br />

became president of the Utah and Northern Railroad Company, which was chartered to build the line<br />

to Logan in Cache Valley, then north to Montana. In March 1873 Congress granted the Utah and<br />

Northern the right-of-way to connect with the Northern Pacific Railroad in Montana. 15 It reached<br />

Franklin on May 2, 1874. The Utah-Idaho boundary survey of 1872 had determined that Franklin<br />

was not in Utah, as had been supposed, but was part of Idaho. Thus this railroad was Idaho’s first.<br />

Franklin then became a major terminus for about 600 freighters who hauled goods from Franklin<br />

to Montana in 1874 with a daily average of about eighty wagons on the road. Wagon freighting<br />

continued through the 1880s, but the railroad opened the way for settlement. With Mormon<br />

ecclesiastic and business leaders directing the work, Mormons living along the route provided labor<br />

to build the roadbeds and lay the tracks. Construction reached Pocatello in August 1878; it went<br />

through Fort Hall Indian reservation, reached Blackfoot in December, and Eagle Rock in April 1879.<br />

From there it went to Camas in July and reached Butte, Montana, in December 1881. About 206<br />

miles of Utah and Northern Railroad track were in Oneida <strong>County</strong>, Idaho, which at that time<br />

included Eagle Rock. Mariner W. Merrill, bishop of the northern Cache Valley LDS Ward of<br />

Richmond, was general construction superintendent. Thomas E. Ricks and William D. Hendricks<br />

were in charge of grading and track-laying. Many workmen took along their wives as cooks and<br />

their sons as laborers; they also brought cows for milk. Motivated by overcrowding in Utah, they<br />

experienced new opportunities in Idaho. Thus the way was opened for families from Cache Valley,<br />

Utah, to push north into Southeastern Idaho.<br />

✧<br />

Utah and Northern Railroad engine<br />

crossing railroad bridge at<br />

Eagle Rock.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

C h a p t e r 3 ✦ 1 5


✧<br />

Above: Looking south at newer<br />

railroad bridge with the flour mill.<br />

The original site can be seen<br />

in foreground.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

Below: Railroad coach shop, c. 1886.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

Eagle Rock was an important and profitable<br />

toll bridge river crossing, but the Anderson<br />

brothers donated 104 acres plus one hundred<br />

feet on each side of the track to the railroad<br />

company when it arrived in April to build its<br />

own bridge. In return, the railroad company<br />

agreed to carry no freight or passengers across<br />

the river until July 1, 1879. 16 Wagon freighting<br />

continued as an important business through the<br />

1880s. Not until 1889 did Bingham <strong>County</strong><br />

commissioners close the toll bridge.<br />

During the 1870s and ’80s business in Eagle<br />

Rock grew. In addition to the toll bridge it<br />

provided the telegraph and post office for the<br />

Upper Snake River Valley. Surrounded by<br />

gold, it was a center for miners. But farming<br />

had to wait for the future. A few families had<br />

tried farming as well as ranching—the Orville<br />

Buck family from Indiana, George Heath,<br />

Joseph Fisher and John Poole families from<br />

Utah. Most supplies had to be shipped in.<br />

Irrigation was needed.<br />

Eagle Rock grew when the<br />

railroad shops were located there.<br />

William E. Wheeler, editor of The<br />

Idaho Register, then in Blackfoot,<br />

reported on November 6, 1880:<br />

We spent one day at Eagle<br />

Rock this week. A large number of<br />

men are at work there, some grading<br />

the new tracks to the round<br />

house and machine shops, and<br />

another gang is engaged getting<br />

out rock for the latter, while a<br />

force of carpenters are putting up<br />

new buildings. A large two-story<br />

boarding house is nearly completed<br />

and six or eight dwellings<br />

will soon be commenced. The<br />

shops…will employ from 35 to 50<br />

men in connection with section<br />

men, track men, etc. [to] make an<br />

average of about 60 men.<br />

1 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


And on February 12, 1881:<br />

The round house which has ten stalls is nearly<br />

completed. The machine shop is nearly ready<br />

for setting the machinery. This building is<br />

60 x 100…but the largest building will be the<br />

car shop…its size is 60 x 200. In this shop all<br />

kinds of cars will be made from a flat car to a<br />

fine coach. An office for the master mechanic<br />

20 x 40 is nearly completed; another the same<br />

size for the foreman. An ice house 24 x 60 is<br />

furnished and filled with ice. Several other<br />

buildings such as store-house, oil house, sand<br />

drying house, will be put up.<br />

With additional boarding houses and smaller<br />

tenement houses, he estimated that:<br />

When the shops are running nearly two<br />

hundred men will find work.<br />

4 lawyers, 1 doctor; lodges of Knights of Labor,<br />

Masons and IOOF. A neat and commodious Baptist<br />

church has been built and the Episcopalians and<br />

Catholics are contemplating building.<br />

The 1880 census shows an increase of<br />

farmers in the Willow Creek country, which<br />

comprised rural areas north and east of Eagle<br />

Rock, later known as Ucon, Milo and Shelton.<br />

In 1884 homesteaders settled on farms which<br />

have since become the communities of Iona,<br />

St. Leon, Ucon, Milo, Taylor, Poplar, Coltman<br />

and Fairview. The next year Bingham <strong>County</strong><br />

was formed from the large northern portion<br />

of Oneida <strong>County</strong>. Eagle Rock’s population<br />

in 1885 was about 1,500. Among newcomers<br />

were the family of Joseph A. Clark from<br />

Indiana. They would become leaders in local<br />

✧<br />

First Baptist Church in Idaho Falls<br />

built in 1884 on the corner of<br />

Ash Street and Eastern Avenue.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

In spite of wind and snow, Eagle Rock settlers<br />

began building homes, churches and schools.<br />

At first church services and Sunday schools<br />

were held in homes. During the 1880s, Baptist,<br />

Methodist, and The Church of Jesus Christ<br />

of Latter-day Saints buildings were erected.<br />

Catholic and other Protestant churches were<br />

built within a few years. The influence of good<br />

music is shown in an article by Wheeler in 1883:<br />

Eagle Rock has four organs, five pianos, one<br />

cornet band of twelve pieces, besides violins and<br />

accordions. What town of but 600 inhabitants can<br />

make a better showing?<br />

Alma Marker, a violinist who operated a stationery<br />

and music store, played for dances held<br />

in the large room above the ZCMI, a large rock<br />

building built about 1882. Wheeler not only<br />

persuaded new homeseekers to move to Idaho<br />

Falls, but he moved his bride and his newspaper<br />

to Eagle Rock in early 1884.<br />

Wheeler described the local industry in 1885:<br />

Eagle Rock has 5 general merchandising<br />

stores, 2 large hotels, 4 restaurants, a dozen<br />

boarding houses, 1 drug store, 2 tailor shops,<br />

2 newspapers, 1 brewery, 1 market, 1 book<br />

store, 1 music store, 6 saloons, 2 barber shops,<br />

1 watch maker, 1 livery stable, 2 lumber yards,<br />

C h a p t e r 3 ✦ 1 7


✧<br />

4-4-0 Eight Wheeler Narrow Gauge<br />

Train. The Utah and Northern Line<br />

prospered to the point it could not<br />

handle the freight being shipped over<br />

the narrow gauge line. Preparation to<br />

widen the line to standard gauge<br />

tracks required upgrading the bridge<br />

across Snake River at Eagle Rock.<br />

Then the 246 miles of railroad line<br />

between Pocatello, Idaho to Butte,<br />

Montana, were widened in one day,<br />

July 24, 1887. Ten men were assigned<br />

to each six-mile long section of track.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THORNTON WAITE:<br />

CLIFFORD PEAKE COLLECTION.<br />

and state government—Joseph being the first<br />

mayor of Idaho Falls, and his sons Chase and<br />

Barzilla both serving as mayors of Idaho Falls<br />

and governors of Idaho. The city’s water works<br />

were commenced in 1885.<br />

Because of the influx of families to the area,<br />

the Idaho Territorial legislature passed a bill to<br />

locate the University of Idaho in Eagle Rock.<br />

However, in a political move to preserve Idaho<br />

intact instead of ceding the north part of its<br />

territory to Washington, the University of Idaho<br />

was instead located in Moscow, Idaho, in 1889.<br />

This was a strategy to obtain state admission,<br />

which was granted by Congress and became<br />

effective July 3, 1890. In the meantime the<br />

territorial governor had called for an Idaho<br />

Constitutional convention to be assembled<br />

July 4 to August 6, 1889. Robert Anderson and<br />

Sam Taylor were among Bingham <strong>County</strong>’s delegation.<br />

Based on fears that the growing<br />

Mormon population would vote as a block,<br />

delegates adopted an anti-Mormon test oath,<br />

which excluded Mormons from voting, serving<br />

on juries or holding public office. Belief in<br />

polygamy was also an issue, although only<br />

about 150 of the 25,000 LDS population<br />

were practicing plural marriage. 17 This test<br />

oath, enforced since 1885 during territorial<br />

days, was not effectively repealed until 1895.<br />

Then as now Mormons made up about<br />

one-fourth of the state’s population. (The test<br />

oath was finally removed from the Idaho<br />

Constitution by vote in 1982.) Notwithstanding<br />

the disfranchisement, Eagle Rock citizens<br />

got along well sharing their frontier life.<br />

According to memories of Eunice (Mrs. Joseph<br />

A.) Clark, as reported in The Post-Register,<br />

in September, 1934:<br />

In the early days here there were no class<br />

distinctions—the members of the three churches,<br />

Catholic, Baptist, and LDS. were the best<br />

of friends and frequently held their socials<br />

together. Neighbors made a practice of calling<br />

on one another, and strangers were given a<br />

hospitable welcome. 18<br />

Although the railroad shops were an asset to<br />

the local community, they were not indispensable.<br />

On May 22, 1886, a severe wind toppled the<br />

round house. Fortunately none of the 53 workers<br />

inside was injured, but the round house was<br />

never rebuilt. Due to business decisions by the<br />

railroad to change its terminal to Pocatello, the<br />

shops were removed to Pocatello, and the population<br />

of Eagle Rock decreased in a nose dive.<br />

But this setback did not destroy the optimism of<br />

such founders as Robert and Jack Anderson and<br />

William E. Wheeler, who continued to live here<br />

and promote the town to homeseekers.<br />

Irrigation was the motivation for future settlers.<br />

The Snake River, which flows through<br />

Idaho, is the state’s most unifying feature.<br />

Considering the Boise River as a tributary of the<br />

Snake, two-thirds of Idaho’s population now<br />

live within the fertile Snake River Valley. 19 “But<br />

how was the water to be got from the river?”<br />

pioneer Robert Anderson asked. The First<br />

irrigation system was the Eagle Rock and<br />

Willow Creek Canal Co., formed June 11, 1880,<br />

to serve farming in the Menan area. Since<br />

then irrigation projects developed in quick<br />

succession. Although government irrigation<br />

districts would later be instituted, the Mormons<br />

began with cooperative irrigation companies.<br />

By 1885, there were twenty-eight farmer-built,<br />

locally owned, cooperative canal systems.<br />

1 8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


CHAPTER 4<br />

I D A H O F A L L S B E G I N S , 1 8 9 1 - 1 9 1 0<br />

Many of the institutions of Idaho Falls, county seat of <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>, began with pioneers<br />

who came to the area from various places and backgrounds. Their stories illustrate the cultural<br />

fabric of our community.<br />

W I L L I A M<br />

E . W H E E L E R<br />

✧<br />

William E. Wheeler, editor,<br />

Idaho Register.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

William E. Wheeler, who recorded our early history in his newspaper, The Idaho Register, was<br />

influential in the growth of Idaho Falls. Born in Vermont in 1843 to native New Englanders, he had<br />

moved with his family to Illinois when aged fifteen. He enlisted in the Union army and became a<br />

lifelong supporter of the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR ). After the Civil War he began traveling<br />

west for Bluff City, [Iowa,] Printing Co. He published a newspaper in Evanston, Wyoming, for<br />

several years, then moved to Blackfoot in 1880 and renamed it The Blackfoot Register. His beat<br />

included Eagle Rock. He married Elizabeth Dougherty of Denver at Christmastime in 1883, then<br />

took his newspaper to Eagle Rock and renamed it The Idaho Register.<br />

C h a p t e r 4 ✦ 1 9


Wheeler was named postmaster when<br />

Eagle Rock was incorporated in 1889. Edith<br />

Lovell wrote,<br />

Wheelers had no children, but over the years<br />

quietly sponsored youth projects. Boys from the<br />

country lived with the Wheelers to go to school<br />

and help out at the newspaper office. Good<br />

study habits and church attendance were<br />

required of them. 20<br />

In 1909, Wheeler, 66, who was a justice of<br />

the peace, sold the newspaper to his associate<br />

publisher, M. B. Yeaman. When Wheeler died<br />

in 1919, Idaho Falls had three newspapers—<br />

The Times, The Post and The Register. (They later<br />

merged into The Post-Register.) The following<br />

excerpt from fellow journalist, Sam Dennis,<br />

who established The Times in 1890, eulogizes<br />

Wheeler, and summarizes his role in our history:<br />

In writing anything concerning the passing<br />

of Wm. E. Wheeler it would be hard to<br />

disconnect his name with that of the<br />

development of the country. He gave his<br />

time and his energy and the best part of his<br />

life to the upbuilding of the Upper Snake<br />

River Valley. He came to Idaho at an early<br />

date; an honest man, a courageous man and a<br />

man who never forgot that he was a gentleman.<br />

The West in those early days coarsened and<br />

roughened many from the East, but never<br />

William. E. Wheeler.<br />

Mr. Wheeler came to Idaho with the railroad.<br />

He came first to Blackfoot and established<br />

The Blackfoot Register. Idaho was then a territory,<br />

the whole southeast being one county, old<br />

Oneida, which extended from Utah on the<br />

south to Montana on the north. His territory<br />

extended from the Sawtooth range on the west<br />

to Wyoming on the east, and we imagine it<br />

was hard pickings for a newspaper in those<br />

days. He often made trips either by stage or<br />

horseback to Salmon and other small camps to<br />

the west rustling for business in order to keep<br />

the payroll going. After remaining in Blackfoot<br />

three years Mr. Wheeler moved his printing<br />

office and whatever personal effects he<br />

happened to possess to Idaho Falls, or rather<br />

then, Eagle Rock, and called his paper The Idaho<br />

Register, the title under which it still exists.<br />

The railroad shops were here then and business<br />

no doubt was pretty good. However, in ’86 the<br />

company moved its shops to Pocatello with a<br />

goodly portion of the town’s dwellings and<br />

Eagle Rock for the time being became a deserted<br />

western town.<br />

At the time of the departure of the shops<br />

from Eagle Rock farming in this country did<br />

not amount to very much. Settlers were<br />

scarce and things were pretty much in the<br />

experimental stage. However, in 1890 a<br />

number of enterprising citizens commenced<br />

the building of the Idaho canal and a small<br />

group of men generally called the “boomers”<br />

came to town and among one of their<br />

enterprises was the construction of the Great<br />

Western canal, now known as the New Sweden<br />

property. These two systems of canals provided<br />

water for about eighty thousand acres of<br />

land and Idaho Falls commenced to reach out<br />

for settlers to occupy these lands. At this<br />

time W. E. Wheeler commenced his real life<br />

work for the upbuilding of the country. He<br />

printed columns and columns of booster<br />

articles in his paper and he never let up on<br />

this work or failed to join in any and every<br />

effort made to induce new settlers to come<br />

in. He was the author of an article printed in<br />

an agricultural magazine at St. Louis which<br />

had a large circulation in the middle western<br />

states and there are no doubt many citizens<br />

here today who were induced to come<br />

through the medium of this article. In short,<br />

practically all the matter which has been used<br />

in advertising this country either eminated<br />

[sic] from his office or was a rehash or<br />

enlargement of something that had previously<br />

been originated by him.<br />

One thing which probably did more to<br />

encourage agriculture here than anything else<br />

in which Mr. Wheeler took a leading part was<br />

the organization of a county fair association<br />

which gave exhibitions during the middle<br />

and latter ’80s. That was a big undertaking<br />

at that time for the people were few, settlements<br />

were scatter[ed] and everybody was poor.<br />

But it started Idaho Falls as the center of<br />

attraction in this part of the state and she has<br />

21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29<br />

held the lead ever since.<br />

-Idaho Falls Times, May 22, 1919<br />

2 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


J O H N L I N G R E N<br />

by Connie Otteson<br />

Another pioneer who came with the first<br />

railroad to Blackfoot, then on to Eagle Rock,<br />

was Swedish emigrant, John Lingren, founder<br />

of Highland Park, which is now best known<br />

as home of baseball’s Melaleuca Field.<br />

Lingren, who had come to Utah with a<br />

Mormon emigrant company from Malmo,<br />

Sweden, in 1863, at the age of 18, wrote in<br />

his journal:<br />

I arrived in Eagle Rock afoot with my<br />

blankets on my shoulder, March 25, 1879, with<br />

five dollars in my pocket. I worked for Jack<br />

Anderson after I had looked for a job for nearly<br />

a month in this town of three houses—a<br />

boarding house, hotel, and blacksmith shop.<br />

At this time the [Utah and Northern Railroad]<br />

was building the abutment for the iron [railroad<br />

bridge to cross the Snake River.]<br />

I started to work for Mr. Anderson April<br />

20th for a dollar a day and board, then $40 a<br />

month as gatekeeper of his toll bridge. By May<br />

27th, the terminus of the railroad got here.<br />

Great freighting outfits would pass through to<br />

Montana. In less than a week a mushroom town<br />

[sprang up] with some 100 houses, tents and<br />

wagons. I went one day and counted 2,700<br />

freight wagons, and I would take an average of<br />

$400 in tolls per day, it being $1.50 a span with<br />

wagon for crossing the bridge.<br />

By the spring of 1881 John had saved<br />

enough money to visit his family in Sweden.<br />

He was reunited with his family then returned<br />

to Idaho in late 1881 with two sisters and<br />

one brother. He purchased 160 acres north of<br />

Eagle Rock on Willow Creek for $750. He<br />

cleared sagebrush, built a cabin, dug ditches<br />

from the creek to water his garden, and<br />

began raising vegetables for market. He was<br />

then thirty-eight years old and still single. His<br />

siblings lived in the little adobe brick cabin<br />

with him until the brother and a sister married<br />

local residents. The other sister, Johanna,<br />

continued to keep house for John and ran a<br />

boarding house for eight workers from the<br />

railroad shops. She died in 1892 after surgery<br />

in Salt Lake City.<br />

Alone again, John started a tree nursery on<br />

his homestead, where he planted hundreds of<br />

evergreen, shade, fruit and ornamental trees, as<br />

well as lilacs and other shrubs. He often sold<br />

trees and plants to local residents, along with<br />

fresh vegetables and fruits, as well as honey,<br />

milk and eggs.<br />

During the hot summers, locals often asked<br />

to hold their picnics and outdoor meetings at<br />

Lingren’s tree farm, which he named Highland<br />

Park in honor of his Swedish homeland. In<br />

order to pay taxes he deeded lots to the City of<br />

Idaho Falls. He added picnic grounds, swings,<br />

hammocks, a dance pavilion, bandstand,<br />

and baseball diamond to the park. He also<br />

maintained a large mud-bottomed lake that was<br />

used as a swimming hole, canoe pond, and<br />

winter skating rink.<br />

In 1895 John married Sara Lettie Wilson in<br />

the Salt Lake LDS Temple, only two months<br />

after they had met in Blackfoot. He was 50 and<br />

she was 24 years old. They reared three children<br />

to maturity. He died in 1915 at age 71.<br />

✧<br />

John Lingren, Highland Park founder.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

C h a p t e r 4 ✦ 2 1


C H A R L E S C . A N D S A R A H<br />

T A U T P H A U S<br />

by Jim Bennet<br />

Charles C. Tautphaus from Germany and Sarah<br />

Kane from Ireland immigrated to New York as children.<br />

Each sailed separately around the tip of South<br />

America to California where they met, married, and<br />

had five daughters. In 1882 the family moved to<br />

Butte City, Montana, where Tautphaus had a butcher<br />

shop and also bought and sold livestock. He was<br />

also involved in freighting, mining and farming.<br />

✧<br />

Top, left: Charles Tautphaus.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF JIM BENNETT.<br />

Top, right: Sarah Tautphaus.<br />

After his death in 1906, the Idaho Falls<br />

Boosters Club purchased the 160-acre Tautphaus<br />

Ranch from Sarah Tautphaus in 1910 to convert<br />

it into a place for the residents of the area to<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF JIM BENNETT.<br />

Below: Joseph Clark, first mayor of<br />

Idaho Falls; father of future mayors<br />

and governors.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

In 1884, they purchased two sections of<br />

government land in the Eagle Rock area. In 1886,<br />

Tautphaus moved his family to their land in Eagle<br />

Rock, where he also operated a meat market.<br />

Using horse-drawn equipment and crews,<br />

they transformed the desert into a farm which<br />

included a wooded hillside, tree-lined drives,<br />

an apple orchard, and a lake with a waterfall.<br />

The lake became a center of social activity, with<br />

picnicking, boating, and swimming in the<br />

summer and ice skating in the winter. (It is now<br />

the sunken baseball diamond and handicapped<br />

playground in today’s Tautphaus Park)<br />

To bring water to his lake and land and for<br />

others, Tautphaus helped form the Idaho Canal<br />

Company in 1889 and designed a thirty-mile<br />

canal from the Snake River to waste into the<br />

Blackfoot River.<br />

2 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


the municipal hydroelectric plant No. 1, just<br />

below the Broadway Bridge.<br />

Eunice Clark, a gifted elocutionist, was<br />

an energetic supporter of the Women’s Christian<br />

Temperance Union (W. C. T. U.), and reared a<br />

family of community leaders.<br />

W. H . B . A N D S A R A C R O W<br />

enjoy. The name of Tautphaus Park was retained<br />

to honor the family. Improvements were added,<br />

including a grandstand, race track, bandstand,<br />

fountains and rest rooms. The grand opening of<br />

the new facility was held on July 25, 1910, in<br />

conjunction with Pioneer Day, when thousands<br />

attended the double celebration, enjoying horse<br />

races, speeches and athletic programs. Charles<br />

(1841-1906) and Sarah (1840-1917) are buried<br />

in the cemetery next to their park in a plot<br />

marked with a large stone cross.<br />

J O S E P H<br />

A . C L A R K<br />

The family of Joseph Addison and Eunice<br />

Hadley Clark were Quaker settlers of Indiana.<br />

The Clarks came to Eagle Rock on the railroad<br />

in 1885. A surveyor and civil engineer, he<br />

helped lay out the town site. He later helped<br />

establish the newspaper, The Times, and served<br />

on the school board. He envisioned a municipally-owned<br />

water system and served as mayor<br />

(1900-1902) when the city built its first power<br />

plant. Two sons, Barzilla and Chase, also served<br />

as mayors of Idaho Falls and were elected Idaho<br />

governors. During the terms of Barzilla Clark<br />

on the city council and as mayor, the city built<br />

After a courtship begun on a transcontinental<br />

train heading west, William Henry Byron<br />

Crow was married to Sara Ellen Murphy in<br />

Illinois in 1882. Both had taught school in<br />

Nebraska and continued to develop education<br />

in Eagle Rock. When Eagle Rock Water Works<br />

Company was organized in 1885, utilizing a<br />

windmill to generate electricity from water<br />

power, W. H. B. Crow was secretary of the<br />

company. Afterwards he purchased the plant. In<br />

1888 the Eagle Rock and Willow Creek Water<br />

Company purchased the Anderson Canal.<br />

Sara Crow brought her grand piano to<br />

Eagle Rock and taught music lessons. She rode<br />

horseback to teach students in the rural<br />

country. She was organist for Rebecca Mitchell’s<br />

Sunday school and was a charter member of<br />

the Trinity Methodist Church in Eagle Rock.<br />

✧<br />

Left: Sara Murphy Crow.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

Right: William Henry Byron Crow.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

C h a p t e r 4 ✦ 2 3


W. W. A N D E L D O R A K E E F E R<br />

P I O N E E R<br />

W O M E N<br />

✧<br />

William Keefer family, about 1918.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE POST-REGISTER.<br />

W. W. Keefer was one of several young carpenters<br />

who came from Omaha to work in railroad<br />

building construction. He built homes,<br />

business buildings, bridges and dams. His<br />

wife Eldora Shoemaker Keefer wrote a history<br />

of Eagle Rock in 1933 for the Daughters of<br />

American Revolution. A few excerpts follow:<br />

Until the year 1880, Eagle Rock was little<br />

more than a good trading post and a stage station.<br />

When the narrow railroad was built, Eagle<br />

Rock became a very busy place. In the early days<br />

it was a very common sight to see men sitting<br />

along the bank of Snake River with pans filled<br />

with sand in their hands, sifting out the small<br />

particles of gold dust. [Before there was a public<br />

cemetery,] the alley back of South Capital Avenue<br />

along the river bank was used as a burial place.<br />

Pioneer women figured importantly in<br />

village improvements. One of the best known<br />

was Rebecca Mitchell, revered as an early<br />

Sunday School teacher, librarian, and founder<br />

of a pioneer school. 30 As a Baptist missionary<br />

from Illinois, Rebecca Mitchell traveled by<br />

rail as far as Eagle Rock, Idaho, in 1882 with<br />

her daughter Bessie. Describing their journey<br />

through “this wild country, the home of the<br />

Redman, with a few trappers and hunters who<br />

were largely squaw men,” she wrote:<br />

The town was a row of company houses,<br />

built by railroad employees, with shanties<br />

here and there, besides a few business houses<br />

and the ever-present saloon plying its trade.<br />

It was on the morning of June 5, 1882, that<br />

I stepped from the train and into a new world.<br />

2 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


Not hotel or furnished room could be found<br />

where I could find shelter and rest, all day long<br />

I waded the sand shoe-top deep in some places,<br />

going from house to house, where I found a<br />

welcome, but not room. Late in the afternoon<br />

I found a shanty that I could rent which had<br />

been used for a saloon, into which my daughter<br />

and I gladly moved our trunks and were at<br />

home. I bought a candle, and for a candlestick<br />

used an empty beer bottle.<br />

Early in November winter set in, with<br />

deep snow and severe cold, which made it<br />

impossible to longer live in the shanty, but<br />

by this time a better place, though very small,<br />

was secured, which served me to the end of the<br />

first year’s work, after which reasonably good<br />

accommodations were opened for my school<br />

and home. 31<br />

Mrs. Mitchell organized the local W. C. T. U.<br />

and later became chaplain for the Idaho legislature<br />

in Boise.<br />

Minnie Hitt was a well-known and respected<br />

banker, who learned the banking business<br />

from the Anderson brothers beginning when<br />

she was seventeen. She became the cashier<br />

of the Anderson Bros. Bank and later retired<br />

as manager of the First Security Bank of<br />

Idaho, which had purchased the Anderson<br />

Bros. Bank. In 1946 the Idaho Falls Chamber<br />

of Commerce presented her with an honorary<br />

lifetime membership for her “singular influence<br />

in the development of this area,” particularly<br />

in developing property and enterprises over<br />

East Idaho.<br />

Kate Curley was organizer and first president<br />

of the Village Improvement Society (VIS)<br />

formed in 1898 to promote “public convenience<br />

and health and render the town more desirable<br />

as a place of residence.” Mrs. A. V. Scott was<br />

first vice president. Forty women, mainly wives<br />

of community leaders, met regularly for the<br />

next twenty years to carry out projects to clean<br />

and beautify the village.For example, they built<br />

fifty trash boxes to place around town; they<br />

successfully petitioned the town council to<br />

restrict cattle and other livestock to fenced<br />

yards; they planted trees along the streets, and<br />

started a hospital, library, and a house-numbering<br />

campaign to facilitate free mail delivery.<br />

In order to get rid of an undesirable red light<br />

✧<br />

Above: Rebecca Mitchell,<br />

Baptist missionary.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

Below: Minnie Hitt, banker.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

C h a p t e r 4 ✦ 2 5


✧<br />

Below: The Anderson Bros. Bank<br />

and Mercantile.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

Opposite, top: The Cooperative<br />

Wagon and Machine Company,<br />

established 1889.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

Opposite, bottom: Sugar Factory at<br />

Lincoln operated from 1903-1978;<br />

this photograph was taken in 1909.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

district, they bought the property where it was<br />

located along the river and ousted the tenants,<br />

then later returned the property to the city.<br />

It would become Sportsmen’s Park.<br />

Kate Curley served on the Idaho Falls School<br />

board and her last public appearance was<br />

speaking at the commencement of Idaho Falls<br />

High School. After Kate’s untimely death in<br />

1903, her husband Bowen Curley and the<br />

VIS planted trees for Kate Curley Park,<br />

located between Ninth and Tenth Streets in<br />

Idaho Falls.<br />

Adelia Duggan Scott was elected Justice of<br />

the Peace in 1896. She became president of the<br />

32, 33<br />

VIS and continued its beautification projects.<br />

B U S I N E S S<br />

Anderson Bros. Bank remained until the early<br />

1940s. From the beginning of Eagle Rock,<br />

Anderson Bros. Bank helped develop local business<br />

and Anderson Bros. Mercantile provided<br />

goods. As Mormon settlement increased in the<br />

rural areas, Utah-based businesses came to serve<br />

the community: Zion’s Commercial Mercantile<br />

Institution (Z. C. M. I.), Cooperative Wagon and<br />

Machine Company (C. W. & M.), and the Utah-<br />

Idaho Sugar plant.<br />

Horse-drawn wagons loaded with sacks of<br />

grain fill the streets in certain old photos of<br />

downtown Idaho Falls. Farmers and their<br />

families could obtain supplies at C. W. & M.,<br />

established by 1889 in Eagle Rock by Mormon<br />

businessmen as Cooperative Wagon and Machine<br />

Company. It consolidated with its new name<br />

in 1902. G. G. Wright came from Utah to be<br />

manager. Wright, who also established a flour<br />

mill, was a leading source of credit for farmers<br />

needing to buy machinery and other supplies.<br />

A large two-story brick building was opened<br />

on the corner of Main (Broadway) and Capital<br />

Streets in 1905, as well as an implement<br />

building and repair storehouse which operated<br />

on West Broadway. Not until 1944 did the<br />

automobile bring C. W. & M.’s demise.<br />

Utah Sugar joined with Idaho Sugar to<br />

incorporate Utah-Idaho Sugar Company, which<br />

built its sugar plant in the future community of<br />

Lincoln in 1903. It provided much needed<br />

employment, both for sugar beet growers and<br />

2 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


for factory workers. The Lincoln plant was one<br />

of the most efficient in the country, beginning<br />

with daily production of 600 tons of beets<br />

and increasing to 4,400 tons before it closed in<br />

1978 due to nationwide economic factors after<br />

seventy-five years of successful operation.<br />

C h a p t e r 4 ✦ 2 7


✧<br />

Wheat field, 1909.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

A G R I C U L T U R E<br />

From the mid-1880s, <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>’s<br />

economy has relied on agriculture, and agriculture<br />

has relied on irrigation.<br />

One of the earliest farms was planted by<br />

Orville and Helen Buck with George Heath on<br />

Willow Creek in the spring of 1874. Buck<br />

planted and irrigated some hay and wheat, and<br />

the family raised some garden vegetables as<br />

well as cattle, sheep, pigs and ducks.<br />

Russet potatoes were first planted here in<br />

about 1909 and developed into a world-famous<br />

Idaho industry. Sugar beets were raised to supply<br />

the sugar plant. Tools to clear the sagebrush<br />

were manufactured here. The Miskin Scraper<br />

Company, begun in pioneer Ucon, continues<br />

today as an exporter of its scraper.<br />

W. L. Shattuck, who helped develop Osgood,<br />

a community west of the river, wrote the following<br />

history of irrigation in <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong><br />

for The Post-Register’s “Golden Jubilee Edition,”<br />

September 10, 1934:<br />

Farming Played Small Part 1884<br />

In 1884, just fifty years ago, the sturdy<br />

pioneer who came to Eagle Rock found but<br />

little, from the agricultural standpoint, to<br />

encourage him unless he had great foresight<br />

and ambition.<br />

On January 1, 1884, the development of the<br />

agricultural resources in this vicinity was so<br />

slight that but 31,726 inches of water had been<br />

filed on in Snake river, and only a very small<br />

portion of this had been utilized. In those days<br />

the famous Idaho potato was unheard of; the<br />

sugar beet industry had not been thought of and<br />

the seed pea industry was unknown in the west.<br />

The market for the limited amount of grain produced<br />

was equally limited. Livestock was<br />

the only industry that had attained sufficient<br />

proportions to be at all recognized.<br />

Settlers who possibly had a vision of vast<br />

acres of land under irrigation and producing<br />

bountiful crops began moving in. They started<br />

clearing the land of the sagebrush. After this<br />

laborious task was completed, it was still a<br />

greater job to level the land for proper irrigation,<br />

as there was no machinery available for<br />

leveling land except for the small slip scraper,<br />

and that proved to be a very slow method.<br />

That we may get some idea of the magnitude<br />

of this picture, let us remember that the combined<br />

length of the different canal systems and<br />

their main laterals is more than 8,500 miles<br />

long. That this might be more clearly understood,<br />

imagine a canal sixty feet wide at the<br />

bottom and four feet in depth being started in<br />

New York City, extended across the American<br />

continent to San Francisco, returning to New<br />

York and then back westward as far as Chicago<br />

before it tapers out to a small ditch—then we<br />

have a picture of the greatest amount of labor<br />

and expense in constructing the canal system of<br />

this valley.<br />

2 8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


B O O M I N G<br />

In January 1891 Wheeler wrote in The Register:<br />

Idaho Falls Town Company,<br />

What They Have Done and What Is Being Done<br />

A Grand Opportunity for Profitable Investment, etc.<br />

When the year 1890 was ushered into existence,<br />

Idaho Falls had not begun to assume semblance<br />

or shape. Eagle Rock, that erstwhile had<br />

sprang into existence almost like the mushroom<br />

growth of a night only to shrink and wilt under<br />

the glare of the morning sun, was plodding along,<br />

seemingly content with a steady and prosperous<br />

growth, until in a few years it might aspire to<br />

become the leading town or city in Eastern Idaho.<br />

During…March [1890] Mr. J. H. Holmes<br />

dropped in, and remained a few days. No one<br />

knew why he was here, nor what he was looking<br />

after. He kept his own counsels. He engaged<br />

a team and drove over the country and made<br />

some inquiries concerning land, took a look at<br />

the vast water power, and went his way.<br />

On the 23rd of April following he returned,<br />

bringing with him Honorable Willis G. Emerson.<br />

He showed him the river, the water power, and<br />

drove him into the country…and…[explained]<br />

the proposed canal.<br />

‘This is the place,’ said they, with one accord,<br />

and before leaving they had contracted for the<br />

purchase of the canal and all its rights and privileges.<br />

On May 27, they returned, bringing with<br />

them I. R. Holmes, A. M. York, D. W. Higbee, and<br />

other parties, members of the Interior Land and<br />

Immigration Co., of Denver. They remained several<br />

days, and contracted for the purchase of all<br />

the old townsite of Eagle Rock, and several large<br />

tracts of land adjoining the town on the south,<br />

east and north. At that time they concluded. they<br />

would endeavor to change the name of the town<br />

from Eagle Rock to Idaho Falls, and with that<br />

idea…they organized the Idaho Falls Town Co.,<br />

composed of the following: The Interior Land<br />

and Immigration Co. of Denver, J. H. Holmes,<br />

W. G. Emerson, D. W. Higbee, and B. McCaffrey.<br />

On July 31 the Idaho Falls Canal and Irrigation<br />

Company was organized. [They began work on<br />

the big canal.] Excursionists from Chicago,<br />

Denver, Portland, and other cities, in special cars<br />

came in, and made filings of thousands of acres<br />

of choice lands along the route of the new canal.<br />

In connection with parties from Chicago, another<br />

canal project was developed on the west side of<br />

the river, and within fifteen miles of Idaho Falls.<br />

The Town company has closed the contracts<br />

for the old town site, and all the tracts of land<br />

adjacent thereto, and have platted them, and in<br />

one tract known as Crow’s addition.<br />

Portland, Tacoma, and Olympia capitalists<br />

have purchased over $75,000 worth of town<br />

property and canal stock. Other Chicago parties<br />

have organized the Idaho Falls Power and<br />

Lumber Company.<br />

Valuable sandstone quarries furnishing the<br />

finest quality of building rock are being opened,<br />

and in the spring a large number of business<br />

blocks, a magnificent hotel and many residences<br />

will be built. Hundreds of teams and men will<br />

find employment on the irrigating canals<br />

and…the ringing sound of the carpenters’ hammer<br />

and masons’ trowel will fill the air with<br />

music, in the new city of destiny and progress.<br />

✧<br />

The Idaho Register, about 1893.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

C h a p t e r 4 ✦ 2 9


CHAPTER 5<br />

B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y F O R M E D , 1 9 1 1<br />

Idaho Falls rejoiced when it was named county seat of <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> formed in 1911. This area<br />

had previously been part of Oneida and Bingham Counties. In territorial days we were in Oneida<br />

<strong>County</strong> with Malad as its county seat most of that time. When Oneida was split in 1885, we were<br />

part of Bingham <strong>County</strong> with Blackfoot as the county seat. Idaho became a state in 1890 and the<br />

state legislature formed <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> from the northern portion of Bingham <strong>County</strong> in 1911.<br />

The Idaho Register of Idaho Falls reported on February 10, 1911:<br />

✧<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>’s natural features.<br />

MAP COURTESY OF CONNIE OTTESON.<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>, with Idaho Falls the county seat is a reality after one of the most notable efforts<br />

for county division ever made in the legislative body of the state. The signing of the bill on last Tuesday<br />

afternoon by Governor Hawley put an end to a fight for county division which has occupied the attention<br />

of the legislature for each term for a number of years. Idaho Falls has attained an ambition long sought,<br />

and is now the county seat of the most prominent and prosperous county of the state of Idaho.<br />

The original bill designated the name of Snake River county which, however, met with some opposition<br />

and the more euphonious name of <strong>Bonneville</strong>, in honor of the famous explorer, was given.<br />

Senator St. Clair, who authored the bill, was presented with the pen with which the governor<br />

signed the bill. Although opposition had persisted for several years, during the 1911 session things<br />

went smoothly for the new county. The bill passed with just three dissenting votes in the senate, and<br />

only one “nay” in the house. Newly appointed county officers went immediately to work, selecting<br />

their temporary meeting location, and the city dreamed of future prosperity as county seat.<br />

Commissioners selected in 1911 were W. D. Huffaker, District 1; John Empey, District 2, and<br />

Robert L. Bybee, District 3.<br />

3 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


The Idaho Falls Times in February 1911 summarized<br />

the political procedure of dividing the<br />

county, eventually effected by cooperation of<br />

Clubs of Commerce of Idaho Falls and Blackfoot:<br />

Thursday last the house passed the Bingham<br />

county division bill, creating the county of<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong>, with Idaho Falls as the county<br />

seat, by a vote of 58 to one. And thereby has<br />

Idaho Falls come to a realization of her hopes<br />

and aims after years of work and effort.<br />

At one time considerable opposition developed<br />

against the bill, but that practically withdrew<br />

from the field and left the coast clear.<br />

But slight changes were made in the bill as<br />

it was originally drawn up. The principal<br />

changes were changing the name from<br />

Snake River county to <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>, and<br />

making it a county of the second class instead<br />

of third.<br />

The county derives its name from Captain<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong>, a soldier and explorer who came<br />

to the southwest in 1833 and remained two<br />

years, crossing the territory embraced in old<br />

Bingham county a number of times, spending<br />

part of one winter at Tilden. After the war<br />

with Mexico…he served for a long time…in<br />

Oregon and Washington.<br />

A number of attempts have been made to<br />

divide Bingham county, but in every instance<br />

those in charge could not agree on what would<br />

be considered an equitable division; one that<br />

would be agreeable to a majority of the people<br />

of both the north and south parts of the county.<br />

When the question was agitated this winter,<br />

the Club of Commerce took hold of the matter<br />

and appointed a committee to meet a like<br />

committee from Blackfoot. The latter part of<br />

December these two committees met in this<br />

city and proceeded to get together to come plan<br />

for division.<br />

That would be the Caribou National Forest and<br />

the Gray’s Lake area in the southern part of the<br />

county. Familiar names of the past are connected<br />

here: Nathaniel Wyeth, Peter Skene Ogden<br />

and the Hudson Bay Company. Gold was discovered<br />

on the slopes of the highest mountain<br />

east of Gray’s Lake. The romance of the Caribou<br />

gold discoveries in the 1870s includes exciting<br />

tales of the miners—white men and Chinese. By<br />

the mid-1880s, Caribou City’s population was<br />

close to that of Eagle Rock—about 1500. The<br />

mining yield was at least one million dollars.<br />

✧<br />

Map of Idaho showing changes of our<br />

county borders, 1885-1911.<br />

MAP COURTESY OF CONNIE OTTESON.<br />

The following descriptive history is adapted<br />

from one prepared for <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong><br />

<strong>Historic</strong>al Society in 1980 by Mildred Hoggan,<br />

Jim Hoggan, June Oler, Quincy Jensen, and<br />

Edith Haroldsen Lovell:<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> is the shape of a pistol—<br />

aiming west. To get a feel of the county,<br />

let’s take the grip of the pistol and explore it.<br />

C h a p t e r 5 ✦ 3 1


✧<br />

The intersection of Broadway and<br />

Capital Streets, this photograph was<br />

taken after 1905 when the streets<br />

were paved.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

Today Caribou City is a ghost town site,<br />

with silent gulches, muted hillside, and rickety<br />

broken-down sluices hidden in the grass. Its<br />

rotting rough boards, heaps of burned-over<br />

rubble, corroded square nails, bits of crockery<br />

and iron from old stoves beckon the curious.<br />

Each summer one can find historically-minded<br />

visitors wandering through the dusty area<br />

envisioning those colorful years of long ago,<br />

some wondering whether there is more gold<br />

“in them thar hills.” From Mt. Caribou one can<br />

view the magnificent Teton Range in Wyoming,<br />

a two-hour drive from Idaho Falls.<br />

Gray’s Lake, named after a Scottish-Iroquois<br />

trapper, John Gray, is today not a lake at all, but<br />

miles of whispering marshes. The flash-backs<br />

echo of beaver trappers, battles with bears and<br />

the Lander Trail. At Gray’s Lake one can presently<br />

enjoy the National Wildlife Refuge, which is<br />

a bird-watcher’s paradise. Here thousands of<br />

elegant, graceful sandhill cranes summer in the<br />

marshes and lay their eggs.<br />

Moving up the grip of the pistol, the eastern<br />

boundary, forty-one miles long, we reach<br />

forested lands, lakes and rivers of indescribable<br />

beauty, known as Palisades. When snowfall<br />

was great, the run-off of the South Fork of<br />

the Snake River used to flood the lands<br />

between Heise and Roberts; yet after a dry year,<br />

there was considerable crop loss. Therefore<br />

dedicated men united their efforts for a dam<br />

site on the river fifty miles east of Idaho Falls<br />

to provide supplemental water storage for dry<br />

years. Sacrificing some loss of homes and other<br />

property, they realized success when Palisades<br />

Dam was begun in 1952 and completed in<br />

1957. At that time it was the largest earthfilled<br />

dam built by the Department of<br />

Interior, and contained 1,400,000 acre feet<br />

of water. Now summer homes dot the perimeter<br />

of Palisades Reservoir, where many enjoy<br />

outdoor sports activities. Most important, it<br />

provides water, electricity, and much useful<br />

farm land.<br />

3 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


Swan Valley, forty-five miles east of Idaho<br />

Falls, is nestled between the snow-capped<br />

slopes of the Targhee and Caribou Ranges and<br />

is said to resemble Switzerland. It includes<br />

the towns of Alpine, Palisades, Irwin and Swan<br />

Valley. The thousands of beautiful swan, for<br />

which the valley was named, decreased until<br />

today none are generally seen there.<br />

Probably the first white visitor was John<br />

Coulter in 1808. In the early 1800s horse thieves<br />

and renegades sought cover in this region, where<br />

Bannack and Shoshone Indians also ranged. In<br />

1879 the Ross and Higham brothers moved into<br />

Swan Valley, bringing over 1,000 head of cattle<br />

to forage on the abundant feed. However, transporting<br />

supplies in and out was dangerous due<br />

to the treacherous waters of the South Fork of<br />

the Snake River. Imagine having to dismantle a<br />

wagon, mower or other implement, then row it<br />

across piece by piece, then reassemble it. So in<br />

1885 the Higham brothers built a ferry. When<br />

sheep men from Nevada and Utah began bringing<br />

in their huge sheep herds, the ranchers in<br />

Swan Valley, who objected to sharing their land,<br />

released their own ferry so that neither man nor<br />

beast could cross the turbulent waters of the<br />

South Fork.<br />

North and West Borders. Traveling seventyfive<br />

miles due west, we see rich farm lands of<br />

potatoes, grains and alfalfa hay. We approach<br />

the muzzle of the pistol, the western boundary<br />

of <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>, only fourteen miles in<br />

length, a vast expanse of lava and sagebrush.<br />

Agnes Just Reid, one of Idaho’s beloved authors,<br />

living only a few miles from Idaho Falls, wrote<br />

four lines entitled “Fellowship”:<br />

The Irish have their shamrock,<br />

The Scott his bonny heather.<br />

In Idaho, it’s the sagebrush<br />

That holds us all together.<br />

Lava formations in the foothills of Eastern<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> form an impermeable basement<br />

floor on which the ground water moves.<br />

Black basalt eruptions are distinctive features of<br />

our landscape.<br />

Idaho Falls, the hub of the great Upper<br />

Snake River valley, seems the trigger to make the<br />

pistol click.<br />

✧<br />

Sagebrush covered Eagle Rock.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF SUSAN MARDIS.<br />

C h a p t e r 5 ✦ 3 3


CHAPTER 6<br />

I D A H O F A L L S E X P A N D S D O W N T O W N , 1 9 1 1 - 1 9 3 0<br />

✧<br />

The Oregon Shortline Railroad opened<br />

its new Idaho Falls depot downtown<br />

in 1911, on present Yellowstone<br />

Avenue facing C Street, now<br />

Constitution Way. Grass was planted<br />

in the C Street median. The depot was<br />

torn down in 1964 because its use<br />

was declining and the street in front of<br />

the depot, Yellowstone Avenue was<br />

being widened.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THORNTON WAITE:<br />

JOHN AGUIRRE COLLECTION.<br />

Important buildings were built between 1911 and 1930 on and near C Street (Constitution Way),<br />

which stretched from the railroad tracks on the east nearly to the river on the west. Among these<br />

were the railroad passenger depot (1910-11), the Federal Building with Post Office (1914), the<br />

Courthouse (1919), and City Hall (1930).<br />

R A I L R O A D<br />

D E P O T<br />

In 1910-1911 Oregon Short Line Railway built a new passenger depot at Cottage Street (North<br />

Yellowstone Avenue) and C Street (Constitution Way). The large wooden and brick structure was<br />

part of a major line relocation through Idaho Falls. North of the Depot an underpass was<br />

constructed for Birch Street, with a lava rock pump house for the underpass. The freight depot a<br />

block to the south was also expanded.<br />

F E D E R A L B U I L D I N G , P O S T O F F I C E<br />

U. S. Secretary of the Treasury William G. McAdoo laid the cornerstone for the Federal Building<br />

on Park Avenue and C Street in 1914, drawing a huge crowd. Prior to 1914 the Postal Service<br />

had moved from at least three locations, including the stage station, the southwest corner of<br />

Broadway Street and Capital Avenue and at 360 A Street.<br />

Later, in 1957, the Main Post Office was moved to Fourth and Freeman Streets, with the<br />

downtown location remaining as a station until operations were moved to a new site at Memorial<br />

Drive and F Street.<br />

3 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y<br />

C O U R T H O U S E<br />

Property for the courthouse site was<br />

purchased in July of 1912, with building<br />

plans approved by the commissioners on<br />

August 12, 1919. The courthouse was formally<br />

opened on March 16, 1921, and still houses<br />

most county offices. The City-<strong>County</strong> Law<br />

Enforcement Building, opened in 1978,<br />

now houses city and county law enforcement<br />

departments, courts, and the jail. The courthouse<br />

is now listed on the National Register of<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Places as an example of neo-classical<br />

public architecture. I D A H O F A L L S C I T Y H A L L<br />

In 1928 the city council purchased property<br />

and discussed plans for a new fire station. In<br />

October, bids were opened for excavation of the<br />

basement, and the plans were extended to include<br />

a police station and city hall. In August 1929<br />

the city council decided to move city offices to<br />

the new fire station building. Construction on<br />

the city hall unit was begun on May 2, 1930,<br />

with the formal opening on November 16, 1930.<br />

The building continues to serve with no major<br />

structural changes, although some services have<br />

been moved to other locations.<br />

✧<br />

Top: <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> Court House.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

Above: Idaho Falls City Building.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

Left: Federal Building on Park<br />

Avenue, Post Office, 1914-1957.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

C h a p t e r 6 ✦ 3 5


T H E A T R E S<br />

✧<br />

Above: Construction of the Idaho Falls<br />

Carnegie Library, which later housed<br />

the county museum.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

Below: World War I Memorial<br />

Fountain on Memorial Drive.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

C A R N E G I E<br />

L I B R A R Y<br />

The City of Idaho Falls received a $15,000<br />

grant in 1909 from the Carnegie Foundation<br />

to construct a library. The cornerstone was laid<br />

in 1914 and the building completed in 1916.<br />

By the 1970s the city had outgrown its library,<br />

and a new facility was built to replace it. The<br />

Carnegie Library is now a part of the Museum<br />

of Idaho complex and is listed on the National<br />

Register of <strong>Historic</strong> Places.<br />

In 1908 the first motion picture theater, the<br />

Dime Theater, was opened on Broadway Street.<br />

Two more theaters soon followed—the Scenic<br />

on Broadway Street and the Star on Park Avenue.<br />

The American Theater, later known as the Gayety,<br />

opened on A Street in 1915. That same year<br />

the Rex Theater opened on Park Avenue, near<br />

B Street, where it is now known as the Centre<br />

Theatre. In 1919 the Colonial Theater (later<br />

changed to the Paramount Theater) was built at<br />

a cost of $50,000, with 696 seats downstairs<br />

and 331 in the balcony. It hosted traveling<br />

vaudeville acts, minstrel shows, dance revues,<br />

etc. Today it is part of the Willard Arts Center.<br />

M E M O R I A L<br />

D R I V E<br />

Memorial Drive was begun as a memorial<br />

to honor twenty-six servicemen who gave<br />

their lives during World War I. Twenty-six<br />

Norwegian maple trees were planted in the<br />

center of the drive, along with a memorial<br />

fountain and flagpole. At the foot of each tree<br />

3 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


was a bronze tablet on a granite base bearing<br />

the name of one of these valiant men. The site<br />

was dedicated on Armistice Day 1922.<br />

In 1959 the plaques were removed and<br />

reinstalled in a rose garden plot south of the<br />

LDS Hospital, which was south of the present<br />

Idaho Falls LDS Temple.<br />

The LDS Hospital filled an increasing need<br />

for medical services when it was opened on<br />

September 22, 1923. It went through many<br />

expansions in the ensuing years. After Eastern<br />

Idaho Regional Medical Center was opened in<br />

the city’s southeast area, the LDS Hospital and<br />

Nursing Home were razed in 1987.<br />

✧<br />

Above: The south side of Broadway<br />

and Shoup Streets. The building in the<br />

center was built in 1905; the Scenic<br />

Theatre is beside it.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

Below: Latter-day Saints Hospital<br />

south of the temple on<br />

Memorial Drive.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

C h a p t e r 6 ✦ 3 7


CHAPTER 7<br />

C I T Y G R O W T H H I G H L I G H T S T O 1 9 4 5<br />

C H U R C H E S<br />

✧<br />

The interior of Trinity<br />

Methodist Church.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF SCOTT MOSS.<br />

Idaho Falls people have welcomed churches and filled them. Pioneers met in homes, then shared<br />

their early meetinghouses. Beginning in the 1880s Protestants and Church of Jesus Christ of<br />

Latter-day Saints built churches.<br />

Trinity United Methodist Church with its pipe organ and stained glass windows was built in<br />

1917 on Elm and Water Streets.<br />

The First Presbyterian Church was built downtown at the corner of Shoup and A Streets in<br />

the early 1880s. The present church was built in the Greek classic style at Ridge and Elm Streets<br />

and dedicated in 1920.<br />

Churches in rural communities often served also at first for school and recreation, as did the<br />

Swedish-speaking Mission Church in early New Sweden.<br />

Catholics worshipped at Holy Rosary Parish on Eastern Avenue until they dedicated their new<br />

church at Ninth and Lee Streets in 1920; the Holy Rosary School opened there the next year.<br />

The city celebrated with the Mormons when the Idaho Falls Temple was dedicated in 1945 at<br />

the end of World War II. This first LDS temple in Idaho was reflected in the Snake River and<br />

beautified the north end of Memorial Drive.<br />

3 8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


✧<br />

Top: Idaho Falls Temple, Church of<br />

Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints,<br />

about 1945.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF M. J. FRITZEN.<br />

Middle: First Presbyterian Church,<br />

this building was dedicated in 1920.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

Bottom: Holy Rosary Catholic Church<br />

on Ninth Street.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

C h a p t e r 7 ✦ 3 9


✧<br />

Pinecrest Golf Course clubhouse.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

P A R K S A N D R E C R E A T I O N<br />

Idaho Falls was planned so that anyone<br />

can be within walking distance of either a<br />

school playground or a park. The Snake River<br />

Geenbelt now appeals to many with its beautiful<br />

walking paths.<br />

G O L F<br />

The city purchased the municipal golf<br />

course on East Elva from the I. F. Country Club<br />

in 1935 and developed it into a beautiful<br />

18-hole all-grass golf course, complete with<br />

trees and a clubhouse. George Orullian was<br />

hired in 1936 as golf professional and served<br />

thirty-eight years. In 1964 the golf course<br />

was renamed Pinecrest and remains popular.<br />

The city has since developed three other<br />

courses, in addition to Country Club’s private<br />

golf course.<br />

B A S E B A L L<br />

In 1902 Rube Grimm organized a team<br />

that played on a diamond between C and D<br />

Streets, across from the future railroad<br />

depot. In 1904 the ball park was moved<br />

across the river south of the railroad bridge.<br />

In 1917 the city bought a field adjoining<br />

Highland Park to add a baseball field to the<br />

park. Idaho Falls played in the Utah-Idaho<br />

League in the 1920s; in 1940 Pioneer League<br />

came to Highland Park. After fire destroyed<br />

the main grandstand in 1975, McDermott<br />

Field was built at the same location in 1976.<br />

The team has had various names and affiliations<br />

and loyal fans. In 2006 the ballpark was<br />

renamed Melaleuca Field.<br />

T O U R I S M A N D H O T E L S<br />

Because of its location on the path to<br />

Yellowstone Park, Idaho Falls has long<br />

accommodated tourists. Idaho Falls’ Club of<br />

Commerce published a promotional brochure<br />

in 1910, which read:<br />

No centralized business region in America is<br />

so conveniently situated with respect to nature’s<br />

great playgrounds as is this region of the<br />

Upper Snake River Valley. One hundred eight<br />

miles northeast of Idaho Falls on the Park<br />

Branch of the Oregon Shortline Railroad lies<br />

the west entrance to the Yellowstone National<br />

Park, the greatest region of natural wonders to<br />

be found on earth. Thousands pass through<br />

Idaho Falls each season, while during the park<br />

visiting season scores of parties in commodious<br />

and comfortable camp wagons are seen moving<br />

along the country roads all directed toward the<br />

Park, or homeward bound.<br />

4 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


As early as 1865 stage passengers could find<br />

a place to rest at the Eagle Rock stage station, a<br />

crude two-room log cabin operated by the<br />

Anderson brothers. “Uncle Dick” Chamberlain<br />

built a two-story saloon which had rooms<br />

available as well as food and drink, but it was<br />

George Heath who built the real hotel in 1886,<br />

an adobe structure named the Burgess House<br />

on Eagle Rock Street and South Capital Avenue.<br />

Later called the Brooks Hotel, it served for a<br />

few years.<br />

A series of hotels closer to the heart of town<br />

followed. Mr. and Mrs. A. V. Scott built the<br />

Scott Hotel on a small hill on Lava Street. It<br />

opened in January 1892, but was destroyed by<br />

fire in August, so the Scotts took over management<br />

of the Graehl Hotel, a one-story stone<br />

building on Broadway Street, built about the<br />

same time as Scott’s. N. D. Porter took over<br />

the hotel in about 1901 until 1930 and<br />

renamed it the Porter Hotel. Its upper parts<br />

were then converted into twenty-four apartments<br />

and it was sold and reopened in 1930<br />

as the New Porter Hotel. Newer good hotels,<br />

such as the Hotel Idaho, were built downtown,<br />

clustering on C Street between the courthouse<br />

and railroad depot.<br />

B O N N E V I L L E<br />

H O T E L<br />

By the mid-1920s the community needed a<br />

bigger and more luxurious hotel, so, as a cooperative<br />

effort of 481 citizens of the city, <strong>Bonneville</strong><br />

Hotel was conceived in 1926 and built in<br />

1927. The Community Hotel Corporation was<br />

headed by local attorney O. A. Johannesen and<br />

financed through the Hockenbury System of<br />

Pennsylvania. <strong>Bonneville</strong> Hotel was designed<br />

and built by the H. L. Stevens Company of<br />

San Francisco in less than a year at a cost of<br />

$335,000. Located at the corner of C Street and<br />

Park Avenue, the impressive five-story building<br />

was designed in the Italian Renaissance style<br />

with a brick facade in a range of brown tones,<br />

ornamental iron balconies and Spanish tile<br />

grooves. Originally under jurisdiction of Hotel<br />

Utah, it soon became the meeting area the<br />

community residents had envisioned. Along<br />

with seventy-six guest rooms, it housed a cafeteria,<br />

club room and banquet room to seat 300.<br />

The Rogers Hotel was opened in 1937 by<br />

B. M. “Brunt” Rogers on the corner of Shoup<br />

and B Streets. Since then the motel business has<br />

replaced hotels; motels now line the western<br />

banks of the Snake River.<br />

✧<br />

Hotel <strong>Bonneville</strong>.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

C h a p t e r 7 ✦ 4 1


CHAPTER 8<br />

A T O M I C E N E R G Y A R R I V E S A N D C U L T U R E T H R I V E S<br />

✧<br />

Atomic Energy Commission site.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE<br />

IDAHO NATIONAL LABORATORY.<br />

Nuclear energy broadened and enlivened <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> when scientists and their families<br />

relocated here from many states to work at “the site.” This influx of scientists, construction workers<br />

and others spurred home-building and improved all aspects of the community, beginning in 1949.<br />

Locals were employed, schools were built and improved, fine arts were nourished with talented<br />

newcomers, and the county developed educationally, economically, and artistically.<br />

H I S T O R Y O F T H E I D A H O N A T I O N A L L A B O R A T O R Y<br />

by Bradley P. Bugger<br />

When most people think about nuclear power and the end of World War II, they think about the<br />

atomic bombing of Japan, which finally brought an end to the Second World War—and the<br />

beginning of the “Cold War” race to build nuclear weaponry between the U. S. and the Communist<br />

bloc. But in the middle of the eastern Idaho desert, atomic scientists were quietly shifting their focus<br />

away from military uses of the atom and towards more peaceful endeavors. After the end of WWII,<br />

the U. S. government realized that nuclear power had a lot of potential—but government scientists<br />

weren’t exactly sure where that potential would lead. So they started looking for a place to<br />

experiment with the new-found power of the atom, and their search led them to a former Naval<br />

Proving Ground about fifty miles west of Idaho Falls.<br />

4 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


On February 18, 1949, the Atomic Energy<br />

Commission announced it was going to build<br />

the National Reactor Testing Station on<br />

government property that had already been<br />

battered with ammunition from Navy guns<br />

and thousands of pounds of TNT from Army<br />

ordnance testing. Leonard E. Johnston was<br />

chosen by the AEC to manage a field office near<br />

the testing station. His job was to adapt the<br />

old Naval Proving Grounds to its new use: to<br />

construct, operate and test nuclear reactors.<br />

Thus began a spirited competition for the<br />

prize of hosting the AEC’s new field office<br />

between the four towns closest to the new<br />

test site: Arco, Blackfoot, Pocatello and Idaho<br />

Falls. Each city offered its own advantages<br />

and had to overcome its own disadvantages.<br />

In the end, Idaho Falls won out, and on<br />

May 18, 1949, Johnston announced that<br />

the AEC would be leasing the Rogers Hotel<br />

in downtown Idaho Falls as its “Idaho<br />

headquarters.” Even though the AEC announced<br />

that initial hiring would probably be limited to<br />

about fifty people over the first year, “winning”<br />

the AEC headquarters designation was a<br />

huge, long-term achievement for Idaho Falls<br />

and <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>. Now some sixtytwo<br />

years later, the economic benefits of<br />

what eventually became the Idaho National<br />

Laboratory are impressive indeed.<br />

Of course, <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> is not the only<br />

beneficiary of the INL. All of Idaho benefits, as a<br />

recent study by Boise State University illustrates:<br />

when the study was performed in 2009, the<br />

INL generated a total economic impact exceeding<br />

$3.5 billion, boosted personal income in Idaho<br />

by nearly $2 billion, and was responsible for<br />

more than 24,000 jobs in the state.<br />

During its humble beginnings in the early<br />

1950s, however, the government managers of<br />

the NRTS were not nearly as concerned about<br />

the positive impacts the site would have on the<br />

local economy as they were on performing their<br />

assigned mission of testing and developing<br />

nuclear power. Their first “tool” in carrying<br />

out that mission was completed in 1951:<br />

Experimental Breeder Reactor 1. Designed and<br />

developed by Argonne National Laboratory, an<br />

arm of the University of Chicago and the primary<br />

“brains” behind the Manhattan Project, EBR-1<br />

was designed to demonstrate that a nuclear<br />

reactor could “breed” more fuel than it<br />

consumed. The reactor core, which was made of<br />

fissionable uranium-235 fuel rods, was encased<br />

in “blanket fuel” made of uranium-238. When<br />

the reactor went “critical,” the neutrons generated<br />

by the fission process would be absorbed by the<br />

non-fissionable uranium-238 and “transmute”<br />

into plutonium-239—a fissionable element that<br />

could be re-used as reactor fuel.<br />

✧<br />

Good News, May 18, 1949.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE<br />

IDAHO NATIONAL LABORATORY.<br />

C h a p t e r 8 ✦ 4 3


✧<br />

Early photograph of the<br />

Idaho Falls Greenbelt.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

Of course, another primary goal of the<br />

reactor was to produce useable quantities of<br />

electricity—something no other reactor had<br />

done to this point. On August 24, 1951—a<br />

little more than two years after the decision<br />

was made to site NRTS in Idaho—EBR-1<br />

went “critical” for the first time. After some<br />

adjustments to the fuel load and the reactor<br />

design, EBR-1 generated the first useable<br />

quantities of nuclear power on December 20,<br />

1951. The reactor was connected via generator<br />

to four light bulbs, which were lighted at<br />

1:23 p.m. Laboratory Director Walter Zinn<br />

captured the moment in his log book thusly:<br />

“Electricity flows from atomic energy. Rough<br />

estimate indicates 45 kw.”<br />

EBR-1 would be the first of fifty-two<br />

nuclear reactors to be constructed at the<br />

NRTS (now the Idaho National Laboratory<br />

or INL) over the years. The reactors were<br />

basically divided into two different categories:<br />

materials reactors, which tested different<br />

kinds of materials for use in reactor fuels<br />

and components; and experimental reactors,<br />

which were used to establish operating and<br />

safety parameters for different reactor designs.<br />

Nearly every power reactor in operation in<br />

the world today can trace its materials and/<br />

or design back to research performed at<br />

the INL.<br />

At the same time as the INL was leading the<br />

world in nuclear power research, the lab was also<br />

serving a number of defense customers. Chief<br />

among these was the nuclear Navy, which used<br />

the INL site to develop designs and continue<br />

research into materials for nuclear-powered<br />

warships. Thousands of sailors also trained on<br />

three prototype reactors located at the INL’s<br />

Naval Reactors Facility until it was shut down<br />

in the early 1990s. Spent fuel from Navy ships<br />

and other government sources was reprocessed<br />

at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant from<br />

the 1950s until the early 1990s, in order to<br />

recover reusable highly-enriched uranium.<br />

The INL has hosted a wide range of research<br />

and production initiatives over the years. Some,<br />

such as work on a nuclear-powered airplane in<br />

the 1950s, might seem like pure folly these days.<br />

Yet research on nuclear airplane engines yielded<br />

a great deal of knowledge about materials. A<br />

formerly unused airplane hangar is used today<br />

to manufacture super-strong armor for the U. S.<br />

Army’s main battle tanks. Generations of eastern<br />

Idahoans have worked at the INL over its sixtytwo-year<br />

history, and many have made significant<br />

contributions to <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> communities<br />

during that time. The INL remains a world<br />

leader in nuclear energy and national security<br />

research and development and a significant<br />

contributor to the <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> way of life.<br />

4 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


F I N E A R T S T H R I V E<br />

The Idaho Falls Arts Council, organized in<br />

1990, was an outgrowth of years of interest<br />

in the fine arts—music, dancing, theater, and<br />

visual arts. Idaho Falls Music Club, formed in<br />

1912, begat later organizations, such as Idaho<br />

Falls Symphony and Idaho Falls Opera Theater.<br />

IFMC still encourages thousands of local music<br />

students. Chesbro Music, which still operates<br />

on Broadway, began with Horace Chesbro<br />

selling pianos in 1915. Still a family-owned and<br />

operated business, it is a major wholesaler of<br />

musical products in the U.S. and abroad.<br />

Chesbro encouraged school bands; A. L. Gifford<br />

was a popular bandmaster in Idaho Falls<br />

schools, where he taught for forty years. Idaho<br />

Falls Symphony began with rehearsals for<br />

Handel’s Messiah in 1949, and presented its first<br />

concert, conducted by Marcel Bird, in 1950 in<br />

the O. E. Bell Junior High School auditorium.<br />

It is a well-respected local symphony.<br />

Eastern Idaho Museum of Art, located beside<br />

the river on Capital Avenue, and other<br />

downtown galleries represent the community’s<br />

interest in visual arts. Idaho Falls Opera<br />

Theatre has performed major operas and other<br />

programs since 1977. Theater and dancing<br />

continue to entertain. Since 1953 the Idaho<br />

Falls Civic Auditorium has hosted many of<br />

these events. Since 2003 Museum of Idaho has<br />

brought premium exhibits and educational<br />

opportunities to the public. It is housed in an<br />

expansion of the old Carnegie Library.<br />

Of nature’s art, nothing is more beautiful or<br />

frequently used than the Snake River Greenbelt.<br />

E A S T E R N I D A H O R E G I O N A L<br />

M E D I C A L C E N T E R<br />

Eastern Idaho Regional Medical Center opened<br />

in 1986 as an outgrowth of a consolidation then<br />

closing of the previous hospitals, earlier operated<br />

by Catholic and LDS churches. An asset to the<br />

region, it serves a population of 300,000 with<br />

its staff of more than 1,000 degreed/certified/<br />

licensed employees.<br />

E D U C A T I O N<br />

Idaho Falls High School with its Civic<br />

Auditorium was opened in 1953 at the edge of<br />

the city development. Since then neighborhoods<br />

and business areas have developed in all<br />

directions. New high schools were built on the<br />

west—Skyline High School, and on the east—<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> High School and Hillcrest High<br />

School (<strong>Bonneville</strong> School District 93) in<br />

Ammon. Many elementary, middle, and junior<br />

high schools, as well as private and charter<br />

schools, serve our youth.<br />

✧<br />

Top: Idaho Falls Civic Auditorium.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

Above: Horace Chesbro.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

Left: A. L. Gifford, bandmaster.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF M. J. FRITZEN.<br />

C h a p t e r 8 ✦ 4 5


CHAPTER 9<br />

I R R I G A T I O N A N D P A L I S A D E S D A M<br />

✧<br />

Groundbreaking ceremony for the<br />

construction of Palisades Dam.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

Irrigation was promised in 1871 when Professor Hayden, a geologist, visited and reported the<br />

soil was “composed of a rich sandy loam that needs but the addition of water to make it excellent<br />

farming land.” He said the water in the Snake River could irrigate nearly a thousand square miles<br />

of land in the valley. Irrigation would enable farming to flourish.<br />

During the settlement of the area from 1882 to 1900 many families migrating from Utah and<br />

other states dug canals from the Snake River. When they found that canals connected to the South<br />

Channel became dry in the summer, farmers cooperatively decided in 1894 to cut a large canal<br />

further upstream (north) to carry water through the flat sagebrush-covered land to fill the dry<br />

channel, which was called the “dry bed.” They thus created the Great Feeder, so named because it<br />

fed many other canals. The Great Feeder Canal was made 100 feet wide in the bottom with a large<br />

stone head-gate to control the flow of irrigation water. This head-gate, 116 feet from end to end,<br />

was considered in 1955 to be the largest in the United States. It has nine big piers, a bridge on top,<br />

is a mile in length, and connects the main river with the dry bed (the formerly dry channel). Located<br />

five miles northeast of Ririe in Jefferson <strong>County</strong>, The Great Feeder was dedicated in 1895. 34<br />

4 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


D A M S<br />

In about 1900 the Idaho Canal Company and<br />

Great Western Canal Companies formed into irrigation<br />

districts, and soon built a dam across the<br />

Snake River 12 miles north of Idaho Falls. Later,<br />

in 1912, a modern reinforced concrete dam was<br />

built behind the old wood dam to replace it. But<br />

the old dam remains as a tribute to early irrigation<br />

and to retain the honor of being the first dam<br />

to span the Snake River for irrigation purposes.<br />

During the summer of 1901 a second dam<br />

was constructed across the river, about two miles<br />

north of Idaho Falls, at the head of the old Porter<br />

Canal on the west side of the river. It was built<br />

for the Great Western Canal Company, which<br />

later became the New Sweden Irrigation District.<br />

Two more dams were built not only for irrigation<br />

purposes but also to supply power and control<br />

flooding. These were the Palisades Dam in the<br />

1950s and the Ririe Dam in the 1960s.<br />

P A L I S A D E S D A M<br />

by Helen McMullin<br />

Pioneer farmers settling near Rexburg and<br />

Blackfoot in the early 1870s developed the first<br />

irrigation in the Upper Snake River Valley. By<br />

1900, more than 500,000 acres were irrigated.<br />

But a more reliable system for storing water,<br />

reducing flood damage and providing electricity<br />

was needed to sustain further growth.<br />

The Minidoka Project, established in 1904,<br />

provided part of that stability by building five<br />

dams in Wyoming and Idaho for water storage<br />

and electricity. However, an unusually long<br />

drought in the early 1930s proved that another<br />

reservoir was needed, and the search for a suitable<br />

dam site on the Upper Snake River started in 1932.<br />

Twenty-seven sites were originally investigated.<br />

Of those, thirteen were found to be geologically<br />

unsuited while others were eliminated for<br />

various other reasons. The site finally chosen in<br />

1939 was at Calamity Point on the Snake River,<br />

about fifty-five miles east of Idaho Falls. Originally<br />

called “Grand Valley,” the name was changed in<br />

1941 to the Palisades Project to avoid confusion<br />

with the Grand Valley Project in Colorado.<br />

The Bureau of Reclamation received authorization<br />

for the Palisades Project in 1941, but<br />

World War II delayed all progress on the project<br />

In 1956, Daughters of Utah Pioneers erected a monument painted by<br />

Elaine Lingren [McChesney] on the greenbelt near Memorial Drive and<br />

D Street to honor irrigation pioneers. It reads:<br />

U P P E R S N A K E R I V E R V A L L E Y I R R I G A T I O N<br />

The fertile soil and abundance of water in this valley lured pioneer<br />

settlers. With small slip scrapers, hand plows, picks and shovels, they<br />

cleared sagebrush, built log homes, made canals, ditches and dams to put<br />

water on the land. One of the first canals was built in 1879-1880. Rock<br />

and brush dams were built to divert water into headgates. Men lost their<br />

lives in this work. Later canals were enlarged and better dams built.<br />

The largest dam, known as the “Great Feeder”, completed June 22, 1895,<br />

diverts water from South Fork into a network of canals. Through<br />

consolidation of canal systems, 700,000 acres of irrigated land with 100<br />

canals, known as the Upper Portion of District No. 36, are using 4,150,000<br />

acre feet of water from the river and its tributaries each irrigation season.<br />

Here the dream of reclaimed desert has been brought to full fruition.<br />

This is the legacy left by those pioneers to present and future generations.<br />

until 1945. Between 1945 and 1951, offices and<br />

housing were erected and preconstruction work<br />

done on the dam site, including the rerouting of<br />

fifty miles of road and construction of transmission<br />

lines which would eventually carry electricity<br />

from the dam. Work stopped each year when<br />

severe winter weather hit. Congress reauthorized<br />

the project in September 1950 and actual work<br />

on the dam began in 1951. Palisades Dam was<br />

completed in 1957 with the generating plant<br />

coming online in 1958.<br />

✧<br />

Irrigation Monument on Memorial<br />

Drive greenbelt.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF SCOTT MOSS.<br />

C h a p t e r 9 ✦ 4 7


✧<br />

Right: Completed Palisades Dam.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

Below: Map of <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong><br />

irrigation system showing three major<br />

canal sources:<br />

1. Idaho & Great Western Canals<br />

Diversion Dam in the Snake River.<br />

2. Porter Canal Diversion Dam in<br />

the Snake River.<br />

3. The Great Feeder Canal and<br />

Head Gates at the Snake River.<br />

11. Palisade Dam and Lake<br />

on the Snake River.<br />

12. Ririe Dam and Lake on<br />

Willow Creek.<br />

MAP COURTESY OF DAVIDJOHN STOSICH<br />

AND JOSEPH STEWART, BONNEVILLE COUNTY.<br />

Official dedication of the dam took place<br />

on July 24, 1952, with Idaho Senator Henry<br />

Dworshak as the keynote speaker. Idaho’s other<br />

senator, Herman Welker, Idaho Congressman<br />

Hamer Budge, Idaho Governor Len Jordan,<br />

and Idaho Falls Mayor E. W. Fanning were<br />

among the speakers at the ceremony. Idaho<br />

Falls attorney W. S. Holden served as master of<br />

ceremonies for the event.<br />

B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y I R R I G A T I O N S Y S T E M<br />

On February 16, 1957, a ceremony marking<br />

the official start of power generation was held at<br />

the dam, with Wilbur Dexheimer, commissioner<br />

of reclamation, as the keynote speaker.<br />

The earth fill dam is 270 feet high and 2,100<br />

feet long and at the time was the largest earth<br />

fill dam built by the Bureau of Reclamation.<br />

Palisades Reservoir, formed behind the dam,<br />

holds approximately 1.2 million acre feet of<br />

water and is twenty-one miles long.<br />

While the dam was constructed primarily<br />

for irrigation, flood control and water storage<br />

needs, it also produces hydroelectric power,<br />

which is primarily used to meet large irrigation<br />

pumping power requirements on and near the<br />

Minidoka Project.<br />

For sportsmen and outdoor enthusiasts,<br />

Palisades Reservoir offers some 16,000 acres of<br />

water surface with a seventy mile shoreline, and<br />

provides fishing, boating, water skiing, camping,<br />

picnicking and sightseeing opportunities<br />

for thousands of local residents and tourists<br />

each year.<br />

No miracle ever wrought, more gracious,<br />

more marvelous seems,<br />

Than the passing of the sage-brush gray,<br />

Receding from sight with the yesterday. 35<br />

4 8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


CHAPTER 10<br />

A M M O N<br />

Ammon was first called South Iona when early Mormon settlers began to file claims on 160-<br />

acre parcels in the area east of Sand Creek in 1883-1885. John Empey and Albert Owen were<br />

among the first. Their challenges were to “grub”, or clear, the sagebrush, dig ditches, and build<br />

head gates for irrigation. In 1889 a branch of the LDS Church was organized with Arthur M. Rawson<br />

as presiding elder. “Old Hall” became the place for church, school, and recreation. On January 23,<br />

1899, the Ammon town-site, named for a Book of Mormon missionary, was dedicated by the<br />

Owen family.<br />

First homes were built of logs, clay and straw, but settlers worked hard for better homes.<br />

Settlers hauled logs for the first public building. The new school was made of bricks and had a bell<br />

tower. On October 10, 1905, the village of Ammon was incorporated. As the town grew, the red<br />

church was built. It faithfully served the community for fifty years. In 1915 a permit was obtained<br />

for a store on the corner of Sunnyside and Ammon Road to replace the old Mercantile. It still<br />

serves the community.<br />

Until about 1949 Ammon was a farming community. But during the next two decades things<br />

began to change. Hillview Village was annexed, and in 1961 the Village of Ammon became<br />

the City of Ammon. No longer rural, but home to over 13,000 residents, it is still a familyoriented<br />

community.<br />

✧<br />

Old Ammon Hall.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF ALEEN JENSEN.<br />

C h a p t e r 1 0 ✦ 4 9


✧<br />

Above: Ammon’s first public building.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF ALEEN JENSEN.<br />

Right: Home by Ammon-Lincoln Road<br />

and Sunnyside Road.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF ALEEN JENSEN.<br />

5 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


CHAPTER 11<br />

B O N E<br />

Bone is a hill community still used by ranchers for horses, cattle and sheep. About twenty miles<br />

southeast of Idaho Falls on the Bone Road, its history is remembered by Miranda Stringham, who<br />

wrote in People of the Hills,<br />

Not all left the hills, a few remained…part of a new era with powerful machinery,<br />

electric lights, modern cars…forgotten are those sulky plows, the horse power threshers,<br />

the hand churns, cream separators, horse-drawn vehicles, the cisterns, oil lanterns and the<br />

buggies. Gone, too, are the people who used them, but not forgotten.<br />

The Bone Store is still a landmark.<br />

A descendant of pioneers William Henry and Elza Elkington, Laverne Elkington<br />

Harker remembers fondly the dances. The dance floor was waxed with corn meal for<br />

smoothness because it had large cracks. It was in the building which was also used<br />

for school and church. Little children rested or slept on the benches at the sides.<br />

Everyone danced with everyone; very fast music. Orchestra provided by the Daniels family—violin,<br />

organ, accordion, drum. Dances were from 8 p.m. until midnight.<br />

The Elkingtons, Laverne’s parents, bought their ranch in 1924. The name “Bone” is likely derived<br />

from Orin Bone, the first postmaster, or else from early rancher Julius Bone. In her youth, she heard<br />

lots of coyotes and an occasional cougar crying at night.<br />

✧<br />

Top: Farming in Bone.<br />

Above: The Bone Store.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

We had about 400 acres fenced. In the morning we opened the gates to let the cows out. My job was to<br />

bring the cows and sheep in at night. I rode a horse and carried a gun for protection, but didn’t need to use it.<br />

The community endured a drought in about 1926, but the animals survived on sprouts.<br />

Family names persisting through the years include Barzee, Elkington, Judy, Empey, Stanger and<br />

Shurtliff and others. Tom Loertscher, whose family began ranching in Bone in about 1970, served<br />

as a county commissioner and state legislator. Formerly schooled in Bone, children now are bused<br />

to schools in <strong>Bonneville</strong> District 93. From the early 1900s for most of that century the Bone Rodeo<br />

was site of much excitement and camaraderie during the summer months. Bone was in the news in<br />

1982 when residents received their first telephone service as part of a television reality show.<br />

C h a p t e r 1 1 ✦ 5 1


CHAPTER 12<br />

C O L T M A N<br />

✧<br />

Jesse Wilkin’s homestead painted by<br />

Greg Sievers.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF LEE WILKINS.<br />

Coltman is located in the northern part of the county next to the Jefferson <strong>County</strong> line with the<br />

Snake River on the west and Ucon on the east.<br />

When hardy pioneers came in the late 1800s, they found tall sagebrush and the mighty Snake<br />

River. They had to find a way to clear the land and bring water from the river to their crops without<br />

the aid of heavy equipment. They usually cleared a few acres each year. Some used a rail from the<br />

railroad, and with a team of horses on each end, drug it across the sagebrush in one direction and<br />

then in the other direction. That would usually break off the sagebrush, which they would pile up<br />

and burn with huge bonfires. Digging ditches and canals was also a monumental task, but over the<br />

years the area became productive.<br />

Originally the area was called “Poverty Flats.” People first lived mostly in tents or wagon boxes<br />

until they were able to build crude log cabins. Pioneer homes were usually two rooms with<br />

a fireplace of rocks at one end. Fuel was sagebrush, willows, or scrub cedar hauled from the lavas<br />

south of Idaho Falls. The logs were chinked with mud, and the windows made of oiled muslin.<br />

Beds were large bags filled with straw.<br />

5 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


These hard-working people made time for<br />

entertainment—parties, picnics, plays, dances,<br />

ball games. For plays they made a stage in<br />

the frame school house by laying planks<br />

on some sawhorses, devising a curtain, and<br />

using kerosene lamp footlights. The well-loved<br />

Nelson family orchestra played for dances for<br />

over twenty-two years.<br />

Today only a few residents farm; most work<br />

in the city. Many new homes have been built.<br />

Coltman still has a store, a church, a school, and<br />

lots of great people.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Coltman LDS Church was<br />

dedicated in 1929.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF FRANK RANDALL.<br />

Below: Coltman monument of<br />

Eagle Rock Ferry crossing.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF JOSEPH STEWART.<br />

C h a p t e r 1 2 ✦ 5 3


CHAPTER 13<br />

D E H L I N<br />

by Jean Schwieder<br />

✧<br />

Dehlin school house, c. 1920.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF JEAN SCHWIEDER.<br />

Homestead opportunities brought many families from Utah to the foothills in the early 1900s.<br />

Traveling to their homesteads in wagons and buggies, they settled in Taylor, Dehlin, Ozone, Bone,<br />

and Grays Lake areas.<br />

Women and children worked alongside men building, preparing land for crops and gardens,<br />

digging wells or hauling water from nearby springs, and caring for livestock, along with their<br />

household chores. Many of the men traveled to the valley and worked in the Lincoln sugar factory<br />

during the fall in order to make ends meet. This left the women and children to take care of the<br />

livestock and farm chores.<br />

Education and religion were priorities. As soon as they could, they constructed buildings<br />

for school and church. Schools were built in Taylorsville, Gray’s Lake, Wayan, Williamsburg, Bridge<br />

Creek, Herman, Eagle Creek, Glennore (Bone), Dehlin, Bulls Fork, Rock and Birch Creek, Deer<br />

Creek, Guyaz, Tipperary or Henry Creek, Enterprize, and probably other areas. Due to severe winters<br />

and busy times for the young and old, getting the farm ground ready to plant and harvest in spring<br />

and fall was a challenge. However, families tried to get their children to school as often as possible.<br />

Religion was an important part of their lives, and many LDS branches, wards, and Sunday<br />

Schools were established in the hills. Patriotism was something they all felt. Many young men<br />

served in the military in World War I, and some gave their lives. July Fourth was a big celebration<br />

in these communities, and everyone knew why they were celebrating.<br />

As the kids reached high school age, many families moved away from the hills. When the<br />

depression came after World War I, followed by a three year drought, most homesteaders had to<br />

move because they could no longer pay for their mortgages.<br />

People had to give up their dreams of owning land in the foothills beyond Idaho Falls, but they<br />

left behind a legacy of hard work and heartbreak.<br />

5 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


CHAPTER 14<br />

I O N A<br />

E A R L Y H I S T O R Y<br />

by Linden Bateman<br />

One hundred [and thirty] years ago a handful of hardy pioneers launched the first lonely assault<br />

on the stretch of sagebrush wilderness which would become the community of Iona. The year was<br />

1883, only twenty years after President Abraham Lincoln established the territory of Idaho and<br />

seven years before Idaho became a state.<br />

These men coming from Utah filed homestead entries in 1883 on land about two miles west of<br />

the present town site of Iona, in east <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>. They were Rufus Norton, Joseph Mulliner,<br />

and James Stewart. They moved with their families to the area in 1884 and were joined by the<br />

families of Chris Olsen, C. J. Owens, John Norton, Ted Cox, Hans Hansen, Leander Norton, and<br />

James Reynolds. They were soon to be followed by George Ward, James E. Steele, the Longhurst<br />

brothers, and in the next several years by the families of Henry Denning, Ole Olsen, W. H. Rushton,<br />

H. Dahlstrom, A. J. Stanger, and the Rockwoods.<br />

And what did they find? Sagebrush, nothing but sagebrush. No trees, just a few willows along<br />

Sand Creek. The sagebrush was high, however, indicating rich soil, and they planted the first<br />

grain ever in the soil by June 1884. The settlers were discouraged by cold, windy spring weather<br />

and the bleak landscape. It wasn’t until they were urged to remain by Wilford Woodruff and<br />

Heber J. Grant, Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints that they committed to<br />

put down their roots.<br />

How did the first settlers live? Some lived underground in dugouts; others built small sod-roofed<br />

cabins from logs they hauled from many miles or from mud and stone they quarried and cut by<br />

themselves. One such cabin is still found on the Reed Olsen farm, east of the town site.<br />

✧<br />

Quarry stones for the Iona<br />

Mercantile Company.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF ZOANN SIMMONS.<br />

C h a p t e r 1 4 ✦ 5 5


Davis Bitton, historian, wrote of Steele:<br />

James Steele was named [LDS] bishop of Iona.<br />

Later he became a counselor in the presidency of<br />

the Bannock [LDS] Stake and then president of<br />

Bingham Stake. For many years President Steele<br />

provided leadership…in the Snake River Valley.<br />

And he lived to see his dream come true as<br />

canals were dug and sage brush was replaced by<br />

fertile farms. 38<br />

D A N C I N G<br />

A T T H E I O N A M E R C<br />

✧<br />

Above: Iona Merc on Main Street.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF ZOANN SIMMONS.<br />

Below: James E. Steele.<br />

The Side Hill Canal, which brought the<br />

first irrigation water to the Iona area, was<br />

dug starting at a junction of Sand Creek and<br />

Willow Creek. It was dug with hand plows and<br />

scrapers, all the families taking their turns to<br />

work on the canal, often camping at the work<br />

site for one or two weeks at a time.<br />

James F. Shelley was the first school teacher<br />

in Iona. School was held in a log cabin. He<br />

also started the first store in Iona, the Iona<br />

Mercantile. The Merc was [later] housed in a<br />

handsome stone structure built in 1897. The<br />

building still stands as a proud landmark. For<br />

many years dances were held and basketball<br />

games played on the top floor.<br />

In 1888 a stone structure was begun which<br />

would eventually serve as a church house and<br />

a school. The building still stands, restored<br />

by the <strong>Bonneville</strong> Art Association. [The Stanger<br />

Memorial Building] is possibly the oldest<br />

major building still in use in <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong><br />

and restored in its historic setting for future<br />

generations to enjoy. 36<br />

James E. Steele purchased the 160 acres<br />

which would become the Iona town site for<br />

$200. He had the site surveyed and the streets<br />

laid out and then sold plots [at cost] to the<br />

settlers. Electricity reached the town in 1908.<br />

Although much work was left to be done, Iona<br />

could be described then as settled—she even<br />

had a brass band! 37<br />

For those too young to remember, the Merc<br />

was the community Walmart in the little towns<br />

across the American West. The earliest Merc<br />

buildings were undoubtedly simple wooden<br />

structures and the later ones might be of local<br />

brick or stone. Many commercial buildings in<br />

the West had a second floor with independent<br />

access by stairway most typically at the side<br />

of the building. The second floor usually had<br />

a great open space dedicated to community<br />

gatherings and dancing. The square dance had<br />

a caller. 39 I O N A H I S T O R I C<br />

P R E S E R V A T I O N<br />

Collecting history and housing it in restored<br />

buildings has been a work of Iona historian ZoAnn<br />

Simmons and her committee, who have published<br />

two volumes of Iona’s centennial history.<br />

Craig Rockwood, mayor of Iona, summarized<br />

Iona’s development during the twenty<br />

years since its centennial. He wrote in 2004,<br />

It has been interesting to witness the transformation<br />

of Iona from the small, independent<br />

farming community of my youth to a larger city<br />

much more dependent on the economy of the<br />

entire region. Our goals as city leaders are to<br />

preserve our rich heritage and to maintain as<br />

much as possible the rural lifestyle that has<br />

defined this community since its beginning.<br />

In 1992 the old LDS church building that<br />

had also been an elementary school was transformed<br />

into the Community Center. Each year<br />

they celebrate “Iona Days” on or near July 24.<br />

5 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


CHAPTER 15<br />

G R A Y S L A K E A N D C A R I B O U M O U N T A I N<br />

by Ellen Carney<br />

Grays Lake 40 lies in the southeastern tip of <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>, a 40,000-acre marshland bordered<br />

by meadow land in a valley about twenty-five miles long. The county line between <strong>Bonneville</strong> and<br />

Caribou counties divides the valley. The large marsh provides habitat for muskrats, geese, ducks,<br />

cranes, and numerous other species of birds and animals. In early years, it was one of the great<br />

beaver and muskrat districts of the country. Western influence in the area began with the fur<br />

trappers in 1817 or 1818. Grays Lake Valley, formerly known as Gray’s Hole, was named for its<br />

founder—John Gray, a half-breed Scottish-Iroquois, trapping with Donald McKenzie for Northwest<br />

Company’s Snake River Brigade.<br />

Early journals spoke of deer, elk, numerous buffalo, antelope, and other game animals, some no<br />

longer found in the area, as well as grizzly bears and hostile Indians. Thousands of travelers on their<br />

way to Oregon or California passed by the south end of Grays Lake marsh, along the Lander Trail.<br />

No one stopped to settle in Grays Lake at that time.<br />

In 1870, gold was discovered on the mountain (nearly 10,000 feet high) which dominated those<br />

surrounding the Grays Lake Valley. The discovery precipitated a minor gold rush. Jesse Fairchilds,<br />

F. S. Babcock, John Keenan and Frank McCoy are usually credited with the discovery. The mountain<br />

was then called Mt. Pisgah. The find became known as “Carriboo’s Diggins,” named for Fairchilds,<br />

who had become known as “Carriboo Jack” because of his frequent bragging about his mining<br />

at Carriboo, British Columbia. He said of himself,<br />

✧<br />

Caribou Mountain.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF ELLEN CARNEY.<br />

I was born in a blizzard snowdrift in the worst damn storm to ever hit Canada. I was bathed in a gold<br />

pan, suckled by a caribou, wrapped in a buffalo rug, and could whip any grizzly going before I was<br />

thirteen. That’s when I left home.<br />

Carriboo City, Caribou Mountain, Caribou National Forest and Caribou <strong>County</strong> were all named<br />

after Carriboo Jack. The spelling was eventually changed to Caribou though animals in the area did<br />

not include the caribou.<br />

C h a p t e r 1 5 ✦ 5 7


✧<br />

Water duct at Caribou Mountain<br />

mine area.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF DAVE RADFORD.<br />

Another colorful character on the mountain<br />

was William “Billy” Clemens—cousin of Samuel<br />

Clemens who was known as “Mark Twain.”<br />

Clemens was an early miner and the postmaster<br />

at Carriboo City. Over the post office hung a sign<br />

which proclaimed “Carriboo City Post Office,<br />

Bill Clemens—Boss.” Clemens was instrumental<br />

in bringing in Chinese to work at the mines. This<br />

area had the distinction of having Chinese work<br />

during the peak of mining activity instead of<br />

coming later, after whites had taken out the easy<br />

gold, as was the usual practice.<br />

Hydraulic mining with “water guns” was in<br />

use within a couple of years after the discovery<br />

of gold on the mountain. Boom towns appeared:<br />

Keenan City, Iowa Bar and Carriboo City. Iowa<br />

Bar was located slightly below Caribou City and<br />

later became part of it. Keenan City and Keenan<br />

Creek were named for John Keenan and McCoy<br />

Creek for Frank McCoy.<br />

The mines brought settlers to the Grays Lake<br />

Valley. Some miners homesteaded there, others<br />

came to support the mines. The settlements of<br />

Herman, Eagle Creek and Gray grew up in the<br />

north end of the valley, providing hotels,<br />

saloons, stores, schools and other services for the<br />

area. The town of Herman at the base of Caribou<br />

Mountain came into existence about 1875 to<br />

serve as a supply center for the gold camps. It<br />

was named after Herman Wakeman who built a<br />

store, saloon, boarding house and his home<br />

there. Early prominent citizens of Herman, who<br />

remained in the area, also included the Bell,<br />

Skinner, Collins, Madsen and Brenziger families.<br />

A community of black ranchers who raised<br />

cattle and furnished beef for the miners<br />

emerged. On early <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> maps, the<br />

area was labeled “Nigger Flats.” A Black-Indian<br />

midwife known as Mother George ranched<br />

and served as a midwife, nurse and unofficial<br />

doctor. When Mother George died, people were<br />

shocked to discover she was a man, not a<br />

woman as she had posed to be. Black families<br />

included LeFlohics, Leggroans, Shirleys, Clarks,<br />

Stephens, Flakes, Greens, Posey Oglesby, John<br />

Bircher and Dan Brockman. Most Blacks left<br />

after the terrible winter of 1898 when over<br />

ninety percent of Idaho’s cattle died.<br />

The first permanent white settlers to Gray<br />

included the James and Amanda Almeda<br />

Sibbett family, James’s brother Sam, David<br />

Robison, Gideon Murphy, William C. Simmons,<br />

and H. B. Simmons. Cattle and sheep men followed<br />

the miners. During the 1870s huge herds<br />

of cattle, numbering from 2,000 to 3,000 head,<br />

were driven from Oregon and Washington to<br />

railroad points in Wyoming. Many crossed the<br />

Snake River at Eagle Rock, trailed along the<br />

Old Salt Road to Grays Lake, then followed the<br />

Lander Trail into Wyoming. Some settlers got<br />

their start in livestock from those animals lost,<br />

crippled or too weak to keep up with the herd.<br />

Local people were encouraged to round up and<br />

care for these strays. Sheep became common<br />

on the ranges in the 1890s. By 1907, when the<br />

U. S. Forest Service was established, summer<br />

time found over a million sheep grazing<br />

north of Soda Springs. When the area became<br />

over-grazed, the Forest Service had to limit<br />

the number of sheep allowed on the Forest.<br />

Today, several bands of sheep still summer on<br />

the Caribou National Forest. Tingeys, Muirs,<br />

Sodermans, Stoors, Petersens, Morgans, and<br />

others had sheep in the early days. By the 1940s<br />

most residents raised cattle.<br />

The area was largely populated by members<br />

of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day<br />

Saints who located in the valley. In May 1887<br />

a company of people left Davis <strong>County</strong>, Utah.<br />

They desired homes in a country where there<br />

was more room and an opportunity for more<br />

farming land. They included George H. Muir,<br />

John L. Fackrell, George L. Lincoln, David<br />

Lewis and William Lewis. The Tingeys were<br />

also early settlers at Grays Lake.<br />

5 8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


Grays Lake is noted as John Day’s Lake on<br />

some maps of the late 1800s. Albert A. Dewey<br />

applied for a post office in the spring of 1888,<br />

designating the area “John Day’s Lake.” The<br />

post office was approved on April 10, restoring<br />

the older name of “Grays” which was officially<br />

changed to “Gray” in 1892. Then the valley had<br />

sawmills, a church, a couple of stores and a<br />

school with a belfry and a bell that could heard<br />

almost across the valley. Other little settlements<br />

in or near the valley had schools at various times,<br />

including Herman, Williamsburg, and Wayan.<br />

Wayan offered not only elementary school but<br />

two years of high school in the 1930s.<br />

Many of the ranchers remained solvent by<br />

trapping muskrats from the Grays Lake marsh<br />

during the ten-day season in early spring. They<br />

often made more money from this than they<br />

could bring in all year on their ranches.<br />

Muskrat pelts gradually rose from ten cents<br />

each to as high as $2.35. Over $44,000 earned<br />

by trappers in Grays Lake went through the<br />

Largilliere Company bank in Soda Springs one<br />

season. Trapping continued until 1965 when<br />

the Grays Lake National Wildlife Refuge was<br />

established to benefit both water fowl and sand<br />

hill and whooping cranes.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Grays Lake marshes.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF ELLEN CARNEY.<br />

Left: Whooping Cranes painted by<br />

Martha West.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF ELLEN CARNEY.<br />

C h a p t e r 1 5 ✦ 5 9


✧<br />

Coyote Pelts trapped in the<br />

Grays Lake area.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF ELLEN CARNEY.<br />

The main entertainment in the valley consisted<br />

of small home parties with neighbors and<br />

the weekly Saturday night dances, which nearly<br />

everyone in the valley attended. Music was<br />

furnished by local people who played the<br />

piano, the fiddle, the mouth organ (harmonica),<br />

the accordion or the guitar. The Farm Bureau<br />

was organized in Grays Lake about 1947 and<br />

sponsored meetings, picnics, an annual talent<br />

show, swimming lessons and the summer dances.<br />

Covered sleds, bobsleds and hay wagons<br />

provided winter transportation in early days.<br />

By the 1920s Grays Lake families enjoyed cars.<br />

By the 1930s ranchers in the area were growing<br />

wheat, oats, and barley. Most had a few cows,<br />

sheep, chickens, and pigs, and sent their milk<br />

to the cheese factory at the south end of the<br />

valley. In 1934 the counties purchased rightof-ways<br />

through the valley and graveled the<br />

roads. The road to Soda Springs was paved in<br />

1955. The telephone party line and old crank<br />

phones were replaced in the 1950s and electricity<br />

came to the valley in 1952. Over the years<br />

the valley has had a number of stores; several of<br />

which burned down.<br />

Grays Lake produced not only miners, ranchers<br />

and farmers, but men and women who<br />

excelled in business and industry, education, science,<br />

the military, the judicial system, and in other<br />

areas. Women of the valley became expert at quilting<br />

and crafts and produced beautiful heirlooms.<br />

Today the valley is losing its year-around<br />

population because of few work opportunities.<br />

Summer homes dot the area. Most ranchers no<br />

longer keep cattle year around but buy them in<br />

the spring and sell them in the fall or lease their<br />

land to non-local cattle owners. In 1990, the last<br />

store in the valley, the Wayan Cash Store, closed<br />

its doors. In 2008, the Wayan School, the only<br />

one left in the valley, closed. At that time attendance<br />

was down to three students. In October,<br />

2009, the last post office in the valley closed.<br />

The Grays Lake Rodeo, after thirty-four years of<br />

providing the “big event” of the year, closed in<br />

2011. Fishing and hunting remain popular in<br />

the area as do snowmobiling and four-wheeling.<br />

6 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


CHAPTER 16<br />

L I N C O L N<br />

The community of Lincoln began in 1903 when the Lincoln Sugar Factory was built, the first<br />

sugar producing plant in Idaho. Utah Sugar Company, whose principal shareholders were officials<br />

of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, had developed a successful beet sugar production<br />

in Lehi, Utah, and were ready to expand into Idaho, where citizens enthusiastically welcomed the<br />

new industry which would employ hundreds and enrich the area’s economy. Utah Sugar purchased<br />

610 acres of good land centrally located between Idaho Falls, Iona, and Ammon, for the plant,<br />

farms, and housing.<br />

The dedication of the “sugar factory” on April 14, 1903, was a major event for Bingham <strong>County</strong>.<br />

Gala ceremonies brought 4,500 people to the dedication. Local and state officials were invited.<br />

President Joseph F. Smith of the LDS Church spoke and dedicated the cornerstone.<br />

Mark Austin and his brother, Heber C. Austin, leaders in the Lehi, Utah, operation, were brought<br />

to supervise the Idaho plant. Heber Austin remained to be the superintendent. The company built<br />

four boarding houses and a club house. These were soon replaced by individual homes as families<br />

moved in to work at the factory or to grow beets. Soon an LDS Church and a school were provided.<br />

These were upgraded as the community grew rapidly. First called Centerville, the town was briefly<br />

renamed Austin, but at Austin’s suggestion, its name was changed to Lincoln, in honor of President<br />

Abraham Lincoln.<br />

✧<br />

The Lincoln Sugar Plant.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

C h a p t e r 1 6 ✦ 6 1


✧<br />

Lincoln School.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM<br />

OF IDAHO.<br />

This newly-developed agricultural industry<br />

combined the best of science and enterprise.<br />

In its first season the company contracted<br />

with 628 local growers for 5,274 acres of<br />

beets, and produced 73,304 bags of sugar. The<br />

first campaign employed 200 persons, mainly<br />

the local farmers who had grown the beets.<br />

In 1907 Utah Sugar merged with American<br />

Sugar Refining Company to form the Utah-<br />

Idaho Sugar Company. U & I Sugar purchased<br />

the Osgood project in 1920 41 , which it developed<br />

and leased to farm families who would<br />

grow sugar beets.<br />

For seventy-five years the Lincoln plant contributed<br />

strongly to the economy of <strong>Bonneville</strong><br />

<strong>County</strong>. It was closed in 1978, when U. S. tariffs<br />

favored imported sugar.<br />

As well as providing jobs and industry,<br />

the sugar plant has provided leadership in<br />

both government and church. Heber C. Austin<br />

became an early Idaho Falls LDS stake president.<br />

Another plant superintendent, William<br />

Jack O’Bryant, was elected mayor of Idaho Falls<br />

(1959-1964); he also served as Idaho Falls LDS<br />

stake president.<br />

Although only the smokestack remains of the<br />

once-productive plant, the Eagle Rock Chapter<br />

of Sons of Utah Pioneers have restored its<br />

old steam engine and placed it as a monument<br />

beside the former factory. 42 Among Lincoln’s<br />

assets today are its beautiful cemetery and<br />

its schools. The Lincoln School, built in 1904,<br />

now an alternative high school, is the oldest<br />

continuous operating school in Idaho.<br />

6 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


CHAPTER 17<br />

N E W<br />

S W E D E N<br />

New Sweden was named for the settlers from Sweden who first shaped the desert west of the<br />

river into farmland.<br />

Lured by land promoters in 1893-’95, they came from America’s mid-west, which was suffering<br />

a drought. Recognizing the courage and tenacity of these Swedish immigrants, these promoters<br />

advertised in Swedish-language newspapers, contrasting the benefits of irrigated farmland to the<br />

rain-dependent agriculture in the mid-west. Having built the Great Western and Porter canals,<br />

under Arthur D. Morrison’s superintendence, they promised irrigated land to the Swedish farmers.<br />

Railroad excursions to Idaho Falls were free for homeseekers who bought eighty acres or more.<br />

Enthusiastic full-page advertisements by editor William Wheeler announced “large irrigating<br />

canals.” Foreseeing the future, they advertised that Idaho Falls “has the greatest water power of any<br />

inland city in the United States.” When prospective buyers arrived by train, they were escorted by<br />

horse-drawn bus to the Great Western Land and Irrigation Company’s fine hotel, which is now the<br />

Allen Thiel home. The two-story hotel provided housing until families could build their own<br />

homes. Prospective settlers were shown the company’s test farm, with its successful grain harvest.<br />

Pioneer families, such as Swansons and Ericksons, shared their homes with other newcomers.<br />

Early settlers included families of A. E. Fast, Andrew Burkman, Pete Anderson, Fred Anderson,<br />

P. A. Lundblade, and Andrew Melquist. In all, 143 Swedish families settled and called the area<br />

New Sweden. They built homes as fast as time and money would allow and dug ditches to connect<br />

their land to the canals. Domestic water was hauled, heated, and, if necessary, melted. They built<br />

a Church in 1895, which served as school until they built their New Sweden school in 1901.<br />

Miss Huldah Lundblade was their first teacher. Soon these thrifty west-side families realized that<br />

they were paying twice as much as people on the east side of the river, so they successfully protested<br />

to have their mortgages reduced in 1898. Settlers built a mill and store, which are among the<br />

heritage treasures of New Sweden.<br />

New Sweden Irrigation District, Idaho’s first irrigation district, was formed in 1900 and<br />

purchased the Great Western Canal system. Soon thereafter the first dam breached the Snake River.<br />

Headgates to the canal still remain. Settlers built a mill and store. To remember the people who<br />

sacrificed for future prosperity, the New Sweden Pioneer Association was formed in 1919. It still<br />

sponsors an annual picnic.<br />

✧<br />

Great Western Canal headgates.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF<br />

JANET JENSEN FULLMER.<br />

C h a p t e r 1 7 ✦ 6 3


✧<br />

Right: New Sweden Irrigation<br />

District Office.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF SUSAN MARDIS.<br />

Below: New Sweden church<br />

and school.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF SUSAN MARDIS.<br />

6 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


CHAPTER 18<br />

O S G O O D<br />

In 1904 Osgood was begun on 7,000 acres of desert land a few miles north and west of<br />

Idaho Falls as an experimental Idaho Falls Dry Farm Agriculture (IFDFA) project. In 1914 six<br />

Idaho Falls businessmen and bankers decided to convert this dry farm land to irrigation farm land;<br />

they were George Brunt, Louis A. Hartert, Oscar A. Johannesen, James L. Milner, Alvin T. Shane,<br />

and W. L. Shattuck.<br />

They surveyed the land to lay out a canal and ditch systems. Because of the ascending elevation,<br />

a pump plant with four irrigation pumps was constructed near the Great Western canal to lift the<br />

water 550 feet above the canal water source input.<br />

In the spring of 1916 the project was sold to Dr. C. F. Osgood, a physician and investor from<br />

Ogden, Utah. On May 2, 1916, Dr. Osgood was shot and killed by one of his patients. The IFDFA<br />

farm reverted back to the original owners, who re-named it the Osgood Land and Livestock Co.,<br />

later shortened to Osgood.<br />

In 1920 the Osgood project was sold to the Utah Idaho Sugar Company, who increased its size to<br />

about 12,000 acres. Osgood was divided into 40- to 80-acre farms, and leased to farm families under a<br />

share crop lease agreement. It became a community of about ninety-six farm families with homes built<br />

by the sugar company. Soon a church, school, and store were added. Over the next few years, utilities<br />

upgraded the living standard of the farmers. Osgood families developed a close bond of community.<br />

✧<br />

Osgood Canal, 2005.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF JOSEPH STEWART.<br />

C h a p t e r 1 8 ✦ 6 5


✧<br />

Above: Irrigation pumps in Osgood,<br />

October 2005.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF JOSEPH STEWART.<br />

Right: Typical Osgood home.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF JOSEPH STEWART.<br />

6 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


CHAPTER 19<br />

O Z O N E<br />

E C H O E S I N T I M E : T H E H I L L C O M M U N I T I E S<br />

by Connie Otteson<br />

Ozone was homesteaded in the foothills fourteen miles southeast of Idaho Falls in about 1908 as<br />

a dry farming area. Between 1912 and 1925 Ozone served as the rural shopping center for Dehlin,<br />

Bone, Henry Creek, Tipperary, and other nearby farming communities. Ozone boasted the largest<br />

school and church, two cafes, a store and post office, boarding house, feed barn, garage, blacksmith<br />

shop, a Red Cross chapter, and an active Farm Bureau. At one time anything from buttons to<br />

harnesses could be purchased at Ozone. Today Ozone is gone and nearly forgotten.<br />

Nephi Otteson was among the first to file for a homestead on 160 acres. In 1908 he moved his<br />

family up to the homestead; they lived in a tent for two years while they cleared sagebrush, began<br />

farming, put up outbuildings and fences, and worked on improving and establishing roads.<br />

According to family lore, Nephi named the place Ozone because it means “pure air.” He built his<br />

first two-room house out of rough lumber and made space in the front room for a small post<br />

office when his wife Lenore was appointed postmistress by Woodrow Wilson on December 8, 1911.<br />

It was officially named the Ozone Post Office, and they received mail three times a week from<br />

Idaho Falls.<br />

✧<br />

Harvester at Nephi Otteson<br />

dry farm, 1916.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF CONNIE OTTESON.<br />

C h a p t e r 1 9 ✦ 6 7


✧<br />

Above: The Nephi Otteson home was<br />

the first building in Ozone. The home<br />

was also used as a post office. This<br />

photograph shows the Otteson family<br />

around 1913.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF CONNIE OTTESON.<br />

Below: The Ozone School was taken<br />

down in 1926 and moved to Ammon<br />

school yard where it serves as a lunch<br />

room and space for extra classrooms.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF CONNIE OTTESON.<br />

In 1912, the citizens hauled logs to build<br />

a school for the forty school-age children in<br />

the vicinity. It was one large room with a potbellied<br />

stove in the middle and a tiny library in<br />

the corner and became the community center<br />

where many activities were held.<br />

A modern frame schoolhouse was constructed<br />

in 1919 with bathrooms, a kitchen, library,<br />

recreation hall, cloak room, and school room.<br />

After 1925, the last year for school there,<br />

the building was dismantled and moved to<br />

Ammon, where it is still used as supplementary<br />

space beside Ammon Elementary school.<br />

During World War I commodity prices<br />

skyrocketed when the government urged<br />

farmers to increase production for the war<br />

effort. Many families mortgaged their farms<br />

to expand their acreage and buy modern<br />

equipment. Then the war ended and prices<br />

plummeted. Added to this, an extended<br />

drought hit Ozone from 1919 through<br />

1923, and the dry farms lived up to their<br />

names. Nearly every homestead failed, and<br />

foothill families started moving out by the<br />

dozens, defaulting on their loans. By 1930 the<br />

population shrank to twelve.<br />

To see the townsite of<br />

Ozone today, drive southeast<br />

on Sunnyside Road to its<br />

end. Turn right on the Bone<br />

Road; in a hundred yards or<br />

so on the west you will see<br />

a few outbuildings and a summer<br />

home set back from the<br />

road. The homestead is owned<br />

today by Nephi Otteson’s<br />

grandson Doyle Judy. There is<br />

no indication whatsoever that<br />

this place was once a thriving<br />

village. Like Ozone, other surrounding<br />

settlements became<br />

only faint memories for a few<br />

who still remember.<br />

6 8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


CHAPTER 20<br />

R I R I E , S H E L T O N , P O P L A R , A N T E L O P E<br />

R I R I E H I S T O R Y<br />

by Becky Freeman<br />

Ririe, a beautiful part of eastern <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>, was the first area to be farmed. George Heath,<br />

who settled on the Willow Creek watershed in 1874, and Orville Buck, who brought his family<br />

the next year, grew the first acre of grain in the area, thus proving that it was possible to grow crops.<br />

Other settlers followed.<br />

In 1878 George and Robert Smith settled east of Shelton in the area they named Poplar.<br />

The Smith brothers dug the first ditch out of the Snake River. Poplar was a day’s ride by wagon<br />

from Eagle Rock, so it became a good stopping point for travelers coming from Wyoming. To meet<br />

the needs of these travelers, two boarding houses were established, along with a store, two schools,<br />

and two churches—one for the Mormons and one in 1895 for the Presbyterians.<br />

By about 1884 many pioneer families had settled to the west of the current township of Ririe,<br />

in the area known as Shelton. Shelton boasted a community building, a church, a school and a<br />

store. In the early 1900s they requested a post office to be located in the store. The postal<br />

department didn’t approve the name of Shelton but gave the post office the name of Prospect.<br />

In about 1911 the post office was closed when rural free delivery was begun. The name Shelton<br />

was revived.<br />

On August 8, 1883, siblings Ephraim Miller, Robert Miller, Mary Miller Hewitt, Annie Miller, and<br />

Margaret Miller McIntosh filed homestead claims side by side in the area that would become Ririe.<br />

Robert built a cabin and lived on the homestead. The rest of the family stayed in Pocatello but came<br />

in the summer to help run cattle and prove up on their homestead claims. Mary Miller was married<br />

to Joseph Hewitt. Their property on the east side of the Miller claims later became the town site of<br />

Ririe. In 1885 George and Sarah Miller Goodwin filed a homestead claim on the west of the Hewitt<br />

claim. They built a two-room log cabin, but sold their claim to David Ririe of Weber <strong>County</strong>, Utah,<br />

for $880.00. Ririe moved into the cabin and began farming and ranching.<br />

By 1912 land on the foothills was opened for homesteading. Hundreds of settlers flocked to<br />

Antelope for the nearly free land. By the 1920s Antelope was a thriving community with a church,<br />

a store, two schools, and even a small cemetery named Melba. Severe weather forced people off their<br />

claims during winter. Many moved to Shelton or Poplar till spring. Large crops of grain were grown<br />

in the fertile soil, and at one time, more wheat was shipped from Ririe than from any other place in<br />

the United States.<br />

✧<br />

The Ririe Hotel, 1921.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF BECKY FREEMAN.<br />

C h a p t e r 2 0 ✦ 6 9


✧<br />

Above: Ririe homestead.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF BECKY FREEMAN.<br />

Below: Map of Ririe area.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF BECKY FREEMAN.<br />

At first farmers had to take their crops to<br />

Idaho Falls for shipment and pay shipping<br />

agents a fee. But they felt that they could<br />

do better if they could ship from their own<br />

depot. When the Utah and Northern Railroad<br />

was looking for places to put spur lines, David<br />

Ririe led a delegation to request they bring a<br />

spur line to the Shelton-Poplar area. In 1913<br />

he introduced the railroad officials to Joseph<br />

and Mary Hewitt, who owned the property<br />

next to his. Joseph recognized the advantage of<br />

bringing in the railroad, so agreed to donate<br />

five acres of land for the railroad tracks and<br />

a depot.<br />

David and Leah Ririe, who had a large brick<br />

home, offered to provide room and board for<br />

railroad workers. Leah served three meals a<br />

day to as many as twenty hard-working men<br />

for nine months until a hotel was completed.<br />

Her daughter Elizabeth and her niece Vivian<br />

Dutson stayed out of school for the year to<br />

help feed the men. They often had to bake<br />

twenty-two loaves of bread a day. When the<br />

rails were laid and the depot completed, it<br />

was time to name the depot. Many names<br />

were considered, but the railroad workers<br />

suggested the town be named Ririe because of<br />

David’s and Leah’s hospitality, and particularly<br />

7 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


Leah’s good food. The railroad agreed because<br />

of David’s influence in getting them the rightof-ways<br />

through the land and across the many<br />

canals, so the depot was named Ririe. And the<br />

town took that name.<br />

By 1919 Ririe had several general stores,<br />

one drug store, two hotels, two stables, two<br />

lumber yards, three blacksmith shops, two<br />

grain elevators, and the passenger and freight<br />

depot. During the night of July 4, 1919, a<br />

fire started in or near a hotel and spread<br />

rapidly. In spite of efforts of fire departments<br />

from Rigby and Idaho Falls, along with many<br />

volunteers, more than half of the town’s<br />

businesses were burned before the wind<br />

changed direction in the early morning and<br />

the fire was controlled. The town was soon<br />

rebuilt, but never regained the size it was before<br />

the fire.<br />

When Orville Buck moved into Southeastern<br />

Idaho, he hired Miss Jennie Beam from Eagle<br />

Rock to live in his home and teach his children.<br />

In 1880 he traveled to Malad, the Oneida <strong>County</strong><br />

seat, and petitioned the county commissioners<br />

for a school district. Because of his efforts, the<br />

first school district in eastern Idaho, Oneida<br />

School District #1, was formed near his home.<br />

When Joseph Hewitt laid out the town, he<br />

established a place for an elementary school<br />

and built a small frame school house. The town<br />

grew rapidly and a larger school was needed.<br />

In 1919 a large four-room brick school was<br />

built on Main Street. Gradually the schools<br />

at Shelton, Poplar, Perry, and Antelope were<br />

closed and the students all went to Ririe for<br />

their education.<br />

Students could go to the eighth grade in<br />

Ririe, but if they wanted to go on, they had<br />

to go to Idaho Falls, Rigby, or Rexburg. A group<br />

of Ririe citizens decided it would be cheaper<br />

to have their own high school. They raised<br />

enough money to purchase a large brick building<br />

formerly used as a garage. With volunteer<br />

labor they converted the building into a high<br />

school. In 1934 Ririe High opened its doors.<br />

The <strong>Bonneville</strong>-Jefferson county line bisects the<br />

town, but Ririe still has its elementary, middle<br />

school, and high school.<br />

Businesses have come and gone. Few remain<br />

in Ririe as people can easily travel to other areas<br />

to shop. But the town is thriving and growing<br />

as people recognize the value of living in a<br />

small friendly community with nearby outdoor<br />

recreation opportunities.<br />

✧<br />

Buck School.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF BECKY FREEMAN.<br />

C h a p t e r 2 0 ✦ 7 1


agricultural lands on the north<br />

and rolling hills on the south. So<br />

deep is the top soil that sagebrush<br />

used to grow as high as ten feet.<br />

Settlers built homesteads in the<br />

early 1900s, but electricity did not<br />

come until the early 1950s. Until<br />

then coal-oil lamps illuminated<br />

their homes. Farmers relied on<br />

water from Snake River creeks as<br />

well as precipitation to produce<br />

wheat and other crops. Prominent<br />

author, Vardis Fisher, grew up<br />

there. Small farms are now consolidated<br />

into larger enterprises.<br />

T A K I N G T H E F E R R Y<br />

T O H E I S E<br />

✧<br />

Above: Antelope store.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF BECKY FREEMAN.<br />

Below: Crossing the river on the ferry<br />

to Heise.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF RICHARD ADAMS.<br />

A N T E L O P E F L A T S<br />

by Reed Moss<br />

Lying in the eastern portions of <strong>Bonneville</strong><br />

and Jefferson counties, Antelope has fairly flat<br />

Richard C. Heise, a German<br />

immigrant, brought his family<br />

to Idaho shortly after 1890. As a<br />

traveling salesman in Idaho Falls and Poplar, he<br />

learned about the healing hot springs just three<br />

miles northeast of Ririe. He developed it into a<br />

popular resort. Some of us remember crossing<br />

the river on the ferry to get to Heise.<br />

7 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


CHAPTER 21<br />

O U T E R F O R C E S C H A N G E S W A N V A L L E Y<br />

by Afton Bitton<br />

Of course, every <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> Community has undergone obvious changes since homesteading<br />

days, but probably none more than Swan Valley. Greater Swan Valley includes Conant Valley,<br />

the West Bank, Pine Creek benches, Baldy Bench, the Palisades valley and two villages, Irwin and<br />

Swan Valley proper. The residences of Greater Swan Valley lie in one of three jurisdictions—<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>, the city of Irwin, or the city of Swan Valley. All pay taxes to <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>.<br />

Each of the two cities has its own mayor, city council and governing ordinances.<br />

The valley’s civic development started about 1885 when the Higham brothers brought a large<br />

cattle herd into Conant Valley and the Ross brothers herded about 200 horses into Swan Valley’s<br />

village area, as land patents verify. Both stockmen and land tillers soon took up plots under the<br />

Homesteading Act, and the need for civilizing influences inspired socialization.<br />

Far-reaching grasslands and forest foliage provided nourishment for cattle, horses and later sheep<br />

herds. Elk, deer and other game animals, including for a time wild sheep and goats, often eked<br />

out the larders of the first pioneer families—as did fish and wild game birds. Moose in the late<br />

twentieth century joined the mix. They have liked especially to hang around the river islands and<br />

the marshes.<br />

Streams—including some thirteen creeks falling into the river—two mountain lakes, the Palisades<br />

Reservoir and the wandering South Fork of the Snake River all supply the irrigation ditches, the<br />

near-the-surface aquifer and the underground wells. This prevalence of scenic streams has facilitated<br />

the recreational appeals such as boating, water skiing, swimming, fishing and water bird hunting.<br />

Swan Valley has a varied geological and geographical nature as it lies somewhat serenely between<br />

the Snake River Range (also called the Big Hole Mountains) on the northward and the Caribou<br />

Range on the southward side of the river. Fence lines are about the only lines that observe strict<br />

geographical directions. Mountains in eastern Swan Valley merge into the mountains of western<br />

Wyoming. Two Wyoming towns supply phone and electrical service to Greater Swan Valley.<br />

✧<br />

Swans, the valley’s patron birds,<br />

sometimes show up on Rainey Creek.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF SCOTT MOSS.<br />

C h a p t e r 2 1 ✦ 7 3


✧<br />

On the south side of the South Fork,<br />

Fall Creek plunges into the river<br />

about a mile east of the Snake<br />

River bridge.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF TRUMPETER’S DELL<br />

BY AFTON BITTON.<br />

Alpine eastward, Driggs northward, and Ririe<br />

northwestward are all about thirty miles away.<br />

Idaho Falls, nearly forty-five miles west (and<br />

sometimes Driggs,) has most often supplied bigger<br />

grocery items and major supplies and services.<br />

As the outer world has discovered Swan<br />

Valley’s recreational and scenic merits, agricultural<br />

pursuits and stock raising have waned.<br />

Then, too, many children of pioneers have<br />

sought to make their living elsewhere. At the<br />

same time, developers have sold “city folks” on<br />

the benefits of investing in a vacation home in<br />

a valley that provides both scenic beauty and<br />

recreational opportunities.<br />

Before the recent economic downturn that<br />

put the real estate investment into the dubious,<br />

if not the no-no, column, farmers on hillsides<br />

and river banks affording unusual scopes could<br />

sell one acre for as much as $50,000. Multiple<br />

acres provided more money than a farmer could<br />

make in a life time.<br />

By 2012, developers and investors had toned<br />

down or even withdrawn their efforts. So those<br />

who built large urban-looking homes can<br />

choose to live in them several months a year or<br />

try to sell them in a depressed market. At any<br />

rate, Swan Valley will continue to supply superb<br />

views and recreational opportunities.<br />

For those who have ancestral roots in Swan<br />

Valley and/or choose to live there all year round,<br />

there is at least one store, one or two cafes,<br />

one or two public garages, two post offices, and<br />

a number of lodging facilities that stay open<br />

all year. In addition, there is one elementary<br />

school, two churches and one American Legion<br />

Hall that serves many social purposes including<br />

a weekly luncheon for senior citizens.<br />

Two main bars provide a place for many<br />

residents to kick back, play pool or pinochle or<br />

just to nosh and visit.<br />

The tourist influence has given rise to two bed<br />

and breakfast institutions, Hansen’s Guest Ranch,<br />

Sleepy J Cabins and other cabins and hook-ups.<br />

Some dry farming and valley floor crop and<br />

stock raising “promises” to continue providing a<br />

rural aspect. Vacation dwellers will bring the<br />

suburban ambience. Trail guides and river<br />

guides will continue to try to divert their clients<br />

to “forgetting it all.”<br />

As the identity of Swan Valley persists, shop<br />

keepers and service providers will continue to join<br />

other residents in advertising its many wonders.<br />

7 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


CHAPTER 22<br />

T A Y L O R<br />

Taylor began in 1885 when second generation Utah pioneers homesteaded southeast of<br />

Eagle Rock. First to come were six men from Hooper, Utah—John, Edward and William Priest,<br />

Smith Johnson, and Edwin and Abiah Wadsworth, Jr. Each built a log house on their claim before<br />

returning to Utah for their families. In 1886 Apostle John W. Taylor of the LDS Church was sent to<br />

organize the group into a branch, which became a ward in 1888. It was named Taylor in his honor,<br />

although the nearby Taylor Mountain was named for Eagle Rock pioneer Sam Taylor. To water this<br />

arid land, the pioneers dug a ten-mile-long irrigation canal from Eagle Rock. Hay and grain were<br />

first grown in 1890.<br />

Taylor Cemetery was established in 1887, when Abiah Wadsworth Jr. and William Arave purchased<br />

five acres of land for $65 to bury Ellen, the infant daughter of Sarah and Abiah Wadsworth, Jr.<br />

For more than a century Taylor was rural with both irrigated and dry farms. Its deep fertile soil<br />

produced the first Idaho russet potatoes. Joseph Allen Taylor, who came in 1889 from Weber <strong>County</strong>,<br />

Utah, built an early potato cellar and became the biggest potato shipper in Idaho. Sons of Utah<br />

Pioneers placed a monument on the Jack Taylor property in 2009, honoring Taylor’s contribution:<br />

✧<br />

Sarah and Abiah Wadsworth, Jr.,<br />

and family.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF DOYLE ARAVE.<br />

The potato cellar made marketing possible throughout the fall to spring season. From that humble<br />

beginning in 1909, the potato industry has grown to make Idaho the potato capital of the world.<br />

Taylor Community Park honors the pioneers on the site of the first homestead. When Lynn Clapp<br />

learned that the property was for sale in 1992, he formed a non-profit organization called the Taylor<br />

Park Society and obtained donations to buy the property at auction. Various Eagle Scout projects and<br />

other donations enhanced the park. Daughters of Utah Pioneers placed a monument in the park.<br />

C h a p t e r 2 2 ✦ 7 5


H O F F ’ S R A I N B O W R A N C H<br />

✧<br />

Right: Rasmus and Jennie Hoff,<br />

c. 1886.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF BOB HOFF.<br />

Below: Potatoes from Taylor shipped<br />

by train.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF DOYLE ARAVE.<br />

Rainbow Ranch, built on property of Eagle<br />

Rock pioneer, Sam Taylor, is now operated<br />

by the fifth generation of the Hoff family.<br />

Norwegian-born Rasmus Hoff and his wife<br />

Jenny Cecelia Lindahl purchased Sam Taylor’s<br />

ranch at the mouth of Henry Creek and Taylor<br />

Creek in 1903 and renamed it Rainbow Ranch.<br />

Robert “Bob” Hoff, present owner, found the<br />

early abstract showing a price of $17,000,<br />

which included about 450 horses. One of<br />

Taylor’s race horses won the grand circuit in<br />

1895, setting a trotting record unbroken for<br />

twenty-seven years.<br />

Rasmus Hoff put the ranch under the plow in<br />

1905 using a new 110 hp steam tractor, which<br />

took four men to operate. He tried digging<br />

ditches to bring water onto the bench land and<br />

in 1905 diverted Taylor Creek to water it.<br />

Bob Hoff writes:<br />

Jenny and Rasmus had three children, my<br />

father John Marcus (1897), Phillip Winfield<br />

(1900) and Helen Lulu (1902). They grew up<br />

under the guidance of a father who was never<br />

known to swear or spank his children.<br />

When Rasmus suffered a heart attack while<br />

crossing a flood-swollen Taylor Creek, the<br />

family moved to California, but he died in<br />

1916, leaving the widow and sons to handle<br />

his various businesses and debts.<br />

7 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


By 1918 they moved back to Rainbow Ranch<br />

still owing $23,000. Without livestock or virtually<br />

any equipment it was like starting all over<br />

again for the brothers.<br />

Helen became acquainted with several of the<br />

Shoshone Bannock people that still frequented<br />

the ranch hills and creeks in those days. This<br />

relationship lasted through the years and<br />

brought her to record their beautiful rituals<br />

with her paintings. Helen married Donald<br />

Aupperle in 1939 and became a well-known<br />

art teacher and artist. In the late summer of<br />

1934 Jenny Hoff made the last payment on<br />

the debt she owed. Coming back to the farm<br />

with the ‘paid’ stamp on the mortgage, her<br />

sons promised each other never to borrow<br />

again. Neither ever did. Mark had married a<br />

southern California girl, Onita. Phillip built a<br />

new home on the hill above Taylor Creek with<br />

his mother Jenny.<br />

During World War II Mark built two-way<br />

radios, operated aircraft, and later adapted<br />

mechanization to the farm, including a prototype<br />

potato digger. A large potato storage was<br />

built in 1910 measuring 40 x 150 feet so that a<br />

wagon and team could be driven all the way<br />

through. In 1912 an even larger cellar was<br />

built alongside it. The earth-covered roof of the<br />

larger one lasted forty-nine years. Both storages<br />

are still in use, with new roofs, of course.<br />

In 1951 a major change made Rainbow<br />

Ranch truly a ranch again. Much of the land<br />

was put into permanent pasture and Hereford<br />

cattle acquired for calf production. Part of one<br />

pasture was designated as a runway for the<br />

family’s Cessna 120. From the early’30s George<br />

Thompson wintered his sheep in the mouth of<br />

Taylor Creek. Eventually seven bands filled the<br />

little valley on the ranch. The sound of baying<br />

sheep with smell of smoke from the camps and<br />

cookhouse is now gone, traded for a reservoir<br />

used to regulate irrigation water.<br />

The third generation of the family reintroduced<br />

potatoes on the ranch. By 1969 the livestock<br />

were gone and Rainbow Ranch became<br />

essentially a farm again, operated by James Hoff<br />

of the fourth generation.<br />

✧<br />

Rasmus Hoff’s steam tractor, below<br />

Arrowhead Hill. Hoff purchased the<br />

tractor for $5,000.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF BOB HOFF.<br />

C h a p t e r 2 2 ✦ 7 7


CHAPTER 23<br />

U C O N<br />

✧<br />

Above: Ucon settlers.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF KAREN LANDON.<br />

Bottom, left: Arthur A. Miskin,<br />

age twenty-seven.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF MARK MISKIN.<br />

Bottom, right: Miskin’s horsedrawn<br />

scraper.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF MARK MISKIN.<br />

Ucon, a community about six-and-a-half miles northeast of Idaho Falls, was known as Willow<br />

Creek in the 1880s when families from Utah first settled as homesteaders. By 1911 its name was<br />

officially Ucon. 43<br />

Fighting sagebrush and other pioneer hardships, settlers succeeded in some farming even before<br />

irrigating. They also fished and hunted to provide food for their families. Willow Creek, about three<br />

miles southeast of present Ucon, was an inadequate water source. Farmers and other citizens pooled<br />

their resources to form the Great Feeder Canal Company in order to divert water back into the<br />

Snake River’s dry channel. After two months of cooperative labor, on June 22, 1895, hundreds<br />

witnessed an explosion of dynamite that sent churning water from the river into the canal, enough<br />

to irrigate 100,000 acres. The Great Feeder also fed other tributary canals to supply Ucon.<br />

Removing sagebrush required hard labor and innovation. Meeting the need, Arthur A. Miskin<br />

designed a scraper which he modified to seat a man behind his team. Miskin’s scraper still is<br />

marketed worldwide.<br />

Not only did Willow Creek settlers<br />

harness the river, but they also<br />

courted the railroad, which built<br />

a spur line, Yellowstone Branch, to<br />

Ucon, from which farmers shipped<br />

their produce. The railroad complex<br />

was enlarged to include a<br />

water tower and pump house, an<br />

ice shed, coal yard, tool shop, and<br />

stock yard. Downtown businesses<br />

prospered. With more recent highway<br />

developments, the railroad’s<br />

importance has decreased.<br />

7 8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


Music has played a major social role since<br />

pioneer days, when singing and dancing were<br />

popular entertainments. Willow Creek band<br />

was organized in 1895, and a dance hall was<br />

built shortly afterwards.<br />

Schools were also high priority. Hardscrabble<br />

School, located on Willow Creek, two miles<br />

south of Ucon, was started in 1890. For many<br />

years from 1892 a one-room log school functioned<br />

both for church and school. In 1888<br />

residents were organized into the Willow Creek<br />

LDS Ward. They completed building their<br />

rock church in 1904 with rocks quarried at<br />

Miskin Quarry. Eggs gathered on Sundays were<br />

sold to buy nails to build the rock church<br />

which housed the congregation for fifty years.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Simmons, Woolf and Company<br />

General Merchandise Store.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF CAROLINE MACKAY.<br />

Below: Hardscrabble School.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF SHERROL AND<br />

KAREN LANDON.<br />

C h a p t e r 2 3 ✦ 7 9


CHAPTER 24<br />

Y O R K<br />

by Gordon Moir<br />

✧<br />

First grade, in York.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF GORDON MOIR.<br />

The York area is south of Idaho Falls from Sunnyside Road to the present Bingham <strong>County</strong> line,<br />

and east from the Snake River to the main Idaho canal. When first settled it was desert, with the<br />

Snake River to the west and Sand Creek to the east separated by four miles. Until the Snake River<br />

was harnessed with small dams to create canal systems, the York area was suited only for dry land<br />

crops. With the coming of the canals, A. M. York and others acquired farmland and thus gave the<br />

area its name.<br />

The first York School was two miles north of the present Bingham-<strong>Bonneville</strong> county line<br />

in 1898, but the site was changed in 1906 when W. W. Keefer built a school which became<br />

the community center. As time went on, a playground, horse barn, car garage, and teacher’s<br />

cottage were added. In 1937, York Grange members built the Grange Hall just east of the school<br />

grounds. In 1938 the school district contracted to use the Grange Hall for school while a new<br />

school and well system were being built. This brick building was funded by the Works Progress<br />

Administration (WPA), part of President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal program. The agreement<br />

also provided water to the cottage and Grange. The Grange provided use of its hall for school and<br />

community activities. When the York School District was consolidated with Idaho Falls School<br />

District #91, classes ended, and the site is now used as bus parking and dispatch, and for storage<br />

of records.<br />

8 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


Over the past century the<br />

York area has been changed.<br />

Land has been cleared, leveled,<br />

and built up to raise many<br />

different crops. Potato processing<br />

firms, large light-industrial<br />

business and warehouse complexes<br />

have been developed.<br />

A seed pea and grain experiment<br />

farm was located near the<br />

Fielding Memorial Cemetery.<br />

Three gravel processing firms<br />

and two barley plants are<br />

now there.<br />

Three fur farms have come and gone. A<br />

fox farm once adjoined Tautphaus Park zoo,<br />

where the <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> Fair Grounds and<br />

Extension offices are now located. Two miles<br />

south of it was one of the largest chinchilla<br />

breeding and fur businesses in the nation. Now<br />

an elk breeding farm is just another mile south<br />

on the same road. It supplies the trophy bull<br />

elk hunting ranch in the Bone area. A mink fur<br />

farm used to be at the present location of the<br />

Anheuser Busch barley malting plant grounds<br />

until the end of World War II.<br />

Very early the city of Idaho Falls built the<br />

electrical power producing plant on the east<br />

side of Snake River. Since that time the<br />

Gem Lake and Power Dam have been built in<br />

the river bordering the southwest corner of the<br />

York area and Bingham <strong>County</strong>. In the early<br />

years some of the canals were named for<br />

people. These include the Koester ditch, the<br />

Gustafson Canal, the Strate ditch and road, the<br />

Schaum Ditch for the Schaumleffel farms,<br />

and the Quigg Canal. The German Canal is<br />

so-named because of German families in the<br />

area—the Meierottos, Cenells, Meppen, Weber,<br />

Knudsen and Seyfert families. Other families<br />

who owned or lived in the York area before<br />

1960 and still are represented there are<br />

Kelsch, Mulberry, Clapp, Crumley, Hughes,<br />

Miller, Daunt, Moir, Smith, Gray, Farnes,<br />

Breiter, Bennett, Weise, Wagoner, Heyrend,<br />

Nelson, Curtis, Bitter, Jordin, and Walquist.<br />

✧<br />

Above: York Grange Hall.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF GORDON MOIR.<br />

Below: Schaumleffel Barn, York.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF GORDON MOIR.<br />

C h a p t e r 2 4 ✦ 8 1


CHAPTER 25<br />

B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y : C E L E B R A T I N G 1 0 0 Y E A R S<br />

by Ann Rydalch, Centennial Celebration Chairman<br />

✧<br />

Above: <strong>County</strong> Centennial Insignia.<br />

Below: Ann Rydalch,<br />

Gala Celebration chair.<br />

The year 2011 was historic for <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>. A year-long centennial celebration kicked off<br />

on February 7, with a program in the Centennial Court Room of the <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> Courthouse.<br />

On that day The Idaho Legislature passed a resolution presented by Senator Bart Davis and<br />

Representative Linden Bateman, commemorating the forming of our county on February 7, 1911.<br />

This kickoff program was highlighted with the posting of the colors and Pledge of Allegiance<br />

by the Idaho Falls Firefighters Pipes and Drums and the Idaho Falls Fire Department Honor<br />

Guard. Our resident judges were honored during the program: Judges Mark Riddoch, Earl Blower,<br />

Joel E. Tingey, Dane H. Watkins, Jr., Steven Gardner, Jon Shindurling and Linda Cook. The six area<br />

mayors were honored—Jared Fuhriman, Idaho Falls; Brad Andersen, Iona; Steve Fuhriman,<br />

Ammon; David Blain, Ucon; Dave Sargent, Swan Valley; and Rhett Bradford, Irwin. Our <strong>Bonneville</strong><br />

<strong>County</strong> elected officials were also honored—Commissioners Roger Christensen, Dave Radford,<br />

Lee Staker; Assessor Blake Mueller, Clerk Ron Longmore, Coroner Johnathon Walker, Prosecuting<br />

Attorney Bruce Pickett, Sheriff Paul Wilde and Treasurer Mark Hansen.<br />

Many local authors wrote and presented histories throughout the year about communities and<br />

other favorite topics in <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>. The public was included in selecting <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>’s<br />

Top 100 Treasures, as coordinated by Joe Stewart and Richard Kenney.<br />

The final event in this year-long centennial celebration was the Gala Program held November 10-12<br />

in the Idaho Falls Civic Auditorium. <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> is the shape of a pistol aiming west, and an<br />

original video which portrays the history of <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>: Celebrating<br />

100 Years was produced by Paul Jenkins of Intermountain Film & Video Productions and shown<br />

each night of the Gala; the DVD was made available for purchase. The souvenir program, a historical<br />

keepsake of pictures and messages, was designed and produced by Lori McNamara and<br />

Kris Burnham.<br />

At the Gala event on Veterans Day, 11-11-11, we paid a special tribute to our county military and<br />

veterans, coordinated by Bob Skinner. <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> Veterans Memorial Team Color Guard<br />

posted the colors. This event featured a tribute by Brigadier General Alan Gayhart, Commander of<br />

the Idaho Army National Guard and the Assistant Adjutant General for the State of Idaho.<br />

8 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


Unique to the Gala Program was the performance<br />

by the <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> Centennial<br />

High School Choir which included 177 choir<br />

students from <strong>Bonneville</strong>, Hillcrest, Idaho Falls<br />

and Skyline High Schools under the direction<br />

of Camille Blackburn, Steve Dresen, Zola<br />

Jensen, and Mark Anderson—choir directors<br />

from the area high schools. Also providing<br />

music and entertainment were The Decades,<br />

the Eastern Idaho Technical College Wind<br />

Ensemble directed by Doug Wareing, and the<br />

Idaho Falls Old Time Fiddlers.<br />

We also had special messages and proclamations<br />

from Senator Davis and Representative<br />

Bateman, Lt. Governor Brad Little, U.S. Senators<br />

Mike Crapo and Jim Risch, and Congressman<br />

Mike Simpson, as well as Department of<br />

Energy Idaho Operations Office Manager<br />

Richard Provencher, and Juan Alvarez from<br />

Battelle Energy Alliance, and our <strong>County</strong><br />

Commissioners. The Idaho Falls Firefighters<br />

Pipes & Drums led the processionals followed<br />

by the <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> Sheriff’s Office<br />

Color Guard.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Left to right, <strong>County</strong><br />

Commissioners Roger Christensen,<br />

Lee Staker, and Dave Radford, 2011.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF LAVON REED.<br />

Below: Combined choir from four high<br />

schools: <strong>Bonneville</strong>, Hillcrest, Skyline<br />

and Idaho Falls.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF LAVON REED.<br />

C h a p t e r 2 5 ✦ 8 3


ENDNOTES<br />

Introduction<br />

1 United States Census, Eagle Rock Post Office, Snake<br />

River District, Oneida <strong>County</strong>, Territory of Idaho, 1870.<br />

2 Mary Jane Fritzen, “Taylor’s Bridge and Founders of<br />

Eagle Rock,” published by the author for <strong>Bonneville</strong><br />

<strong>County</strong> Heritage Association and Museum of Idaho,<br />

2006. See Bibliographic essay.<br />

3 Davis Bitton. “Peopling the Upper Snake: the Second<br />

wave of Mormon Settlement in Idaho.” Idaho Yesterdays,<br />

Summer 1979, pp. 47-52. Leonard J. Arrington. “The<br />

Promise of Eagle Rock: Idaho Falls, Idaho, 1863-1980.”<br />

Rendezvous: Special Issue: Perspectives on Western History,<br />

Vol. 18, Spring 1983, Nos. 1 & 2; pp. 2-6.<br />

Chapter 1<br />

4 Lovell, Edith Haroldson. Benjamin <strong>Bonneville</strong>, Soldier of the<br />

American Frontier (Salt Lake City: Horizon Publishers,<br />

1992), pages 254-255.<br />

5 For map see this link: http://geology.com/state-map/idaho.<br />

shtml#elevation<br />

6 Leonard J. Arrington, History of Idaho, Vol. 1 (Moscow,<br />

Idaho: University of Idaho Press, 1994), page 168.<br />

7 Arrington, page 249.<br />

8 Arrington, page 199.<br />

9 Arrington, page 249.<br />

10 Arrington, page 314.<br />

11 Lovell, Edith Haroldson. Captain <strong>Bonneville</strong>’s <strong>County</strong>,<br />

(Idaho Falls: 1963), page 119. Lovell shows a facsimile<br />

drawing of the ferry. Adjoining property on both sides<br />

of the river is now farmed and access to the ferry site is<br />

only through cultivated fields.<br />

Chapter 2<br />

12 An Illustrated History of the State of Idaho (Chicago: Lewis<br />

Publishers, 1899), 96-100. See Mary Jane Fritzen,<br />

“Taylor’s Bridge and Founders of Eagle Rock,” (Idaho<br />

Falls, Idaho: <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> Heritage Association<br />

and Museum of Idaho, 2006).<br />

13 Ibid.<br />

Chapter 3<br />

14 Arrington, page 152.<br />

15 Arrington, page 316.<br />

16 Lovell, Edith Haroldson. Captain <strong>Bonneville</strong>’s <strong>County</strong>, page 188.<br />

17 Joseph H. Groberg, “The Mormon Disfranchisements of<br />

1882 to 1892,” in Brigham Young University Studies, Vol. 16,<br />

Spring 1976, page 405.<br />

18 Clark, Eunice, The Post-Register, interview, September 1934.<br />

See also Lovell, 227.<br />

19 Arrington, page 10.<br />

Chapter 4<br />

20 Lovell, 252.<br />

21 www.familysearch.org<br />

22 Idaho Register, April, May 1891; 18 June, 1909; 24 August<br />

1909; 21 May 1918; 16 May 1919; 20 May 1919.<br />

23 www.rootsweb.com/~ilcivilw/county/winnebago<br />

24 Idaho Falls Times, 22 May 1919.<br />

25 Lovell, Edith Haroldson. Captain <strong>Bonneville</strong>’s <strong>County</strong>.<br />

26 The Post-Register, 8 April 1946.<br />

27 U. S. 1880 Federal Census: Wyoming Territory.<br />

28 Fritzen, Mary Jane. Sesquicentennial Memories. Idaho Falls,<br />

Idaho, 1997<br />

29 Idaho Falls Daily Post, 18 May 1919<br />

30 Lovell, 202-203.<br />

31 See pamphlet found at Idaho Falls Public Library.<br />

32, 33 See Cheryl A. Cox, Second Stories Revisited (Idaho Falls, 2006).<br />

Chapter 9<br />

34 For more information, see The Great Feeder monument<br />

erected by Daughters of Utah Pioneers at Ririe City Hall<br />

on Main Street, Ririe.<br />

35 Irene Welch Grissom, The Passing of the Sage-Brush, Idaho<br />

Register, 2 November 1909, page 5, excerpted.<br />

Chapter 14<br />

36 See cover photograph of painting by Kathryn Browning of<br />

old building now restored as Stanger Memorial Art Building.<br />

37 Early history of Iona prepared by Linden Bateman for<br />

Iona’s Sunday Centennial Service, July 24, 1983.<br />

38 Deseret News Church News, November 22, 1980.<br />

39 Memories of Alice and Ken Rohde, who danced there for<br />

a remarkable square dance in the 1970s.<br />

8 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


✧<br />

Whosoever Drinketh of This Water.<br />

PAINTING COURTESY OF GREGORY SIEVERS, ARTIST.<br />

Chapter 15<br />

40 Grays Lake historian Ellen Carney explains that in her<br />

experience the name of Grays Lake post office had no<br />

apostrophe. Carriboo or Cariboo was the spelling used for<br />

the post office for the historic mining camp, until the<br />

Forest Service came in about 1907, when the spelling was<br />

changed to Caribou.<br />

Chapter 16<br />

41 See Chapter 18, Osgood.<br />

42 Restored steam engine and history of Osgood sugar<br />

growers provided by Ron Harker.<br />

Chapter 23<br />

43 Name changes of Ucon: Before 1901 and sometimes<br />

thereafter it was known as Willow Creek; from 1901-1908:<br />

Ako; 1908-1911: Elva. Since then, Ucon.<br />

E n d n o t e s ✦ 8 5


8 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


SHARING THE HERITAGE<br />

H i s t o r i c p r o f i l e s o f b u s i n e s s e s ,<br />

o r g a n i z a t i o n s , a n d f a m i l i e s t h a t h a v e<br />

c o n t r i b u t e d t o t h e d e v e l o p m e n t a n d<br />

e c o n o m i c b a s e o f B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y<br />

Quality of Life ..........................................................8 8<br />

The Marketplace ......................................................1 0 6<br />

Building a Greater <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> ..........................1 3 4<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e ✦ 8 7


8 8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


QUALITY OF LIFE<br />

H e a l t h c a r e p r o v i d e r s , s c h o o l d i s t r i c t s ,<br />

u n i v e r s i t i e s , a n d o t h e r i n s t i t u t i o n s t h a t c o n t r i b u t e<br />

t o t h e q u a l i t y o f l i f e i n B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y<br />

Eastern Idaho Technical College . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 0<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> Joint School District No. 93 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2<br />

War Bonnet Rodeo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 4<br />

American Legion Post 56 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 5<br />

Idaho Falls School District #91 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 6<br />

Fairwinds-Sandcreek Retirement Community . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 8<br />

Creekside Home Health & Hospice/Encompass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0 0<br />

Eastern Idaho Regional Medical Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0 1<br />

Development Workshop, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0 2<br />

Peak Performance Therapy Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0 3<br />

Colonial Theater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0 4<br />

Idaho Falls Symphony . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0 5<br />

Q u a l i t y o f L i f e ✦ 8 9


EASTERN IDAHO<br />

TECHNICAL<br />

COLLEGE<br />

✧<br />

Above: Governor Samuelson signs<br />

HB #474 creating the Eastern Idaho<br />

Vocational School. Legislators<br />

witnessing the signing are left to right:<br />

Senator Richard A. Egbert;<br />

Representative John O. Sessions;<br />

Senator J. Marsden Williams;<br />

Representative Aden Hyde;<br />

Representative Russel Fogg;<br />

Senator Fisher Ellsworth;<br />

Representative Terry Crapo; and<br />

Representative Kurt L. Johnson,<br />

March 2, 1970.<br />

Below: The John O. Sessions<br />

Mechanical Building was the first<br />

campus building, 1972. Wayne<br />

Rodgers, the first director, stands<br />

in front of rented offices/<br />

classrooms, 1970.<br />

Real Education. Real<br />

Jobs. Real Life. That is<br />

the motto of Eastern<br />

Idaho Technical College<br />

and is a fitting description<br />

of the type of education<br />

that this Idaho<br />

Falls school offers—a<br />

real education not left<br />

behind in the classroom<br />

or within the covers of<br />

a textbook, but instead<br />

one that is taken into<br />

the real world.<br />

Often called by its<br />

acronym, EITC—pronounced “Eye-Tech”—<br />

Eastern Idaho Technical College has served citizens<br />

and businesses in a nine county area in<br />

eastern Idaho for more than four decades. Now<br />

the largest college in Idaho Falls, it was officially<br />

established as Eastern Idaho Vocational School<br />

by the 40th Idaho Legislature in 1969; and, by<br />

August 1970—while building plans fueled<br />

by a $65,000 donation from Idaho Nuclear<br />

Corporation got underway—129 students began<br />

attending inaugural classes in rented facilities<br />

throughout the city.<br />

Phase I of the school’s first building—the<br />

John O. Sessions Mechanical Building—was<br />

completed in 1972, the same year that the 42nd<br />

Legislature changed the name to Eastern Idaho<br />

Vocational-Technical School to better describe<br />

the broader scope of programs being proposed.<br />

This name stayed in place until 1989 when the<br />

school was given its current name.<br />

By the mid-1970s, Phases II and III of the<br />

Mechanical Building—an additional 45,000<br />

square feet of learning and office space—was<br />

completed. With enrollment skyrocketing, however,<br />

even more space was soon needed and, in<br />

1976, the Idaho Legislature appropriated funds<br />

for the design of a new technology building.<br />

A collaborative effort between the federal and<br />

state governments, the $2.4 million Technical<br />

Building was completed in 1979. Within the<br />

next eight years, both buildings were also filled<br />

to capacity and the 1986 Idaho Legislature<br />

appropriated $800,000 for yet another. Thanks<br />

to matching funds from the Economic<br />

Development Association and a major community<br />

fund drive, the $2.4 million John E.<br />

Christofferson Multipurpose Building was<br />

completed in 1988. Next came the Maintenance<br />

Building in 1991; a distance learning center<br />

in 1995; the Alexander D. Creek Classroom-<br />

Laboratory Building in 1996; and the Richard<br />

and Lila J. Jordan Library in 2001. A new<br />

state-of-the-art Health Care Education Building<br />

officially opened for classes in 2007.<br />

Today, EITC is fully accredited by the<br />

Northwest Commission on Colleges and<br />

Universities. It remains state supported and<br />

focuses on being a minimal cost, open door<br />

institution that champions technical programs,<br />

customized industry training, basic skills<br />

instruction, workforce and community education,<br />

online distance education and student<br />

services. Its programs are concentrated on the<br />

business and healthcare professions as well as<br />

mechanical trades. Program graduates may be<br />

awarded a Post Secondary Technical Certificate,<br />

Technical Certificate, Advance Technical<br />

Certificate and/or the Associate of Applied<br />

Science Degree.<br />

9 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


In addition, EITC also houses a Regional<br />

Adult Learning Center at which adult basic skills<br />

and computer skills are taught; GED or High<br />

School Equivalency Certificate preparation and<br />

testing are administered and English as a<br />

Second Language is offered. The Center for New<br />

Directions prepares underprepared adults, single<br />

parents and displaced homemakers for educational<br />

and work success, and Workforce Training<br />

and Community Education programs offer specially<br />

designed short-term training courses to<br />

adults interested in upgrading their work skills<br />

or exploring new areas of employment. EITC<br />

also offers area companies cost-effective, highquality<br />

customized training, with all programs<br />

designed to not only improve the labor pool,<br />

but to, consequently, improve the chances of<br />

success for area business and industry.<br />

An important contributor to the school’s<br />

success is the Eastern Idaho Technical College<br />

Foundation. Founded and incorporated as a<br />

501(c) (3) in 1992, the Foundation assists<br />

students with scholarships, supports institutional<br />

initiatives and serves as a positive<br />

community partner. Like the college it has<br />

grown tremendously throughout its existence,<br />

thanks to generous donors—such as the<br />

J. A. and Kathryn Albertson Foundation, which<br />

in 2010 donated over $1 million for student<br />

scholarships as well as successful fundraising<br />

efforts such as the Great Race for Education, a<br />

large-scale, community-wide scavenger hunt,<br />

which in 2011 raised more than $40,000 for<br />

additional scholarships. The Foundation also<br />

publishes INVEST, an annual magazine which<br />

chronicles the achievements made by the staff,<br />

faculty and students of EITC.<br />

For more information, visit www.eitc.edu<br />

and www.eitcfoundation.org.<br />

✧<br />

Above: The state-of-the-art Health<br />

Care Education Building opened for<br />

classes in 2007.<br />

Below: “Eye Your Future at EITC”<br />

2004 campaign focused on the various<br />

technical programs at EITC.<br />

Q u a l i t y o f L i f e ✦ 9 1


BONNEVILLE<br />

JOINT SCHOOL<br />

DISTRICT NO. 93<br />

✧<br />

Left: Lincoln School was built in<br />

1905 with a current enrollment of<br />

182 students.<br />

Right: Fairview-Coltman Elementary<br />

was built in 1927 with a current<br />

enrollment of 315 students.<br />

Though many residents and citizens were<br />

opposed to a combined school district in the<br />

beginning, <strong>Bonneville</strong> Joint School District<br />

Number 93 has flourished since it was first<br />

founded on March 16, 1950, and is, in fact,<br />

today the fifth largest school district in the state<br />

and fourth largest employer in the area.<br />

Passionate opposition mounted when the<br />

Idaho State Legislature mandated with its 1947<br />

School Reorganization Act #59 that all Idaho<br />

school districts consolidate as far as possible on<br />

county lines. <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> residents resisted<br />

not only because the county covered such a<br />

vast area, but because the early settlers had<br />

already established their own schools and independent<br />

districts in each farming community<br />

and town site. Parents were reluctant to have<br />

strangers educating their children and feared<br />

having schools located a greater distance from<br />

home. They were also afraid that a centralized<br />

school system would negatively affect their<br />

children in other ways such as value structure<br />

and work ethics. City and county children, they<br />

felt, were unique in their needs and rural<br />

parents feared their children would be less<br />

appreciated than those of the more influential<br />

and wealthy citizens residing within the city<br />

limits of Idaho Falls.<br />

Despite local opposition, a <strong>Bonneville</strong><br />

<strong>County</strong> Reorganization Committee was elected<br />

on June 2, 1947, and proposed that all of<br />

the county’s independent school districts<br />

consolidate with the Idaho Falls School District<br />

No. 91, a suburban district whose values<br />

were standard for the day, but quite different<br />

from the rural districts. The proposal was<br />

overwhelmingly defeated in a special election<br />

held on March 1, 1948, and leaders headed<br />

back to the drawing board.<br />

After eighteen general meetings and many<br />

smaller district meetings, a second reorganization<br />

proposal was finally sent to the state<br />

committee for approval on January 14, 1950,<br />

and was ratified in a special election three<br />

months later creating what is still known<br />

today as <strong>Bonneville</strong> Joint School District No.<br />

93. The newly organized independent district,<br />

made up of ten local districts located mainly<br />

in the rural areas outside of Idaho Falls,<br />

included the former Buck School District #1,<br />

Milo School District #31, Crowley School<br />

District #316, Fairview School District #11<br />

at Ucon, Independent School District #35 at<br />

Lincoln, Independent School District #5<br />

at Iona, and Independent School District #9 at<br />

Ammon. Louis L. Wolz was hired as the<br />

first superintendent and the original board<br />

of trustees included Chairman Robert E. Hill,<br />

Treasurer LeRoy H. Hansen, and Board<br />

Members Oscar W. Johnson, Herman Sargent,<br />

and Derrald Ricks.<br />

The new school system grew swiftly. In fact,<br />

between 1954 and 1962 the number of students<br />

more than doubled from approximately<br />

1,500 to more than 3,000 and the assessed<br />

value increased from $7.5 million to over<br />

$9 million. A new <strong>Bonneville</strong> High School was<br />

built and began serving grades seventh through<br />

twelfth in 1957. During the 1970s, a major<br />

growth spurt took root and, by 1983, the district<br />

had more than doubled again to more than<br />

6,500 students with an assessed valuation of<br />

9 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


over $39 million. Between 1990 and 2004,<br />

enrollment seemed to plateau with an average<br />

of 7,500 students, but hit another growth<br />

spurt around the 2004-2005 school year and,<br />

in 2012, enrollment topped 10,500.<br />

Today’s record-breaking student roster is<br />

served by more than 1,300 classified and<br />

certified staff members at 13 elementary<br />

schools, 2 middle schools, 1 online home<br />

school, 2 comprehensive high schools and<br />

1 online high school. Specialized education<br />

occurs at nineteen locations and includes<br />

programs such as early childhood intervention<br />

classrooms; a developmentally<br />

delayed kindergarten unit and<br />

developmentally delayed resource<br />

classrooms; units for autistic and<br />

severely emotionally disturbed<br />

students; extended resource<br />

classrooms, “Title One” all-day<br />

kindergarten classrooms; a district<br />

wide Limited English<br />

Proficiency program; supervised<br />

school detention; and alternative<br />

education locations for grades<br />

seventh through twelfth, as well<br />

as a behavioral health center for<br />

kindergarten through twelfth<br />

grade students. Approximately<br />

sixty-five percent of all students are transported<br />

to and from school. All schools and programs<br />

are fully accredited.<br />

“Our vision statement of ‘Achieving Each<br />

Individual’s Highest Potential’ symbolizes our<br />

commitment to provide the finest educational<br />

opportunities for every student and every<br />

employee,” said School Superintendent<br />

Dr. Charles Shackett. “We are proud of our<br />

school district and proud to call <strong>Bonneville</strong><br />

<strong>County</strong> home.”<br />

For more information on <strong>Bonneville</strong> Joint<br />

School District No. 93, visit www.d93.k12.id.us.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Ammon Elementary was built<br />

in 1936 with a current enrollment of<br />

395 students.<br />

Below: Rimrock Elementary was built<br />

in 2006 with a current enrollment of<br />

415 students.<br />

Q u a l i t y o f L i f e ✦ 9 3


WAR BONNET<br />

RODEO<br />

✧<br />

Above, left: The War Bonnet Roundup<br />

Rodeo emblem is trademarked with<br />

the state and has been the emblem of<br />

our rodeo for over a hundred years.<br />

Above, right: Early image of<br />

Reno Park during a War Bonnet<br />

Roundup Rodeo.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF MAKE ’EM BUCK:<br />

100 YEARS OF THE WAR BONNET ROUNDUP AND<br />

THE RENO FAMILY.<br />

Below: Making ’im Ride, War Bonnet<br />

Roundup Rodeo, 1916.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF MAKE ’EM BUCK:<br />

100 YEARS OF THE WAR BONNET ROUNDUP AND<br />

THE RENO FAMILY. PHOTOGRAPH ORIGINALLY<br />

TAKEN BY G. E. RUSSELL.<br />

American Legion Post 56 in Idaho Falls has<br />

been a center of community activity in<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> since the World War I era.<br />

In addition to honoring veterans and providing<br />

a convivial place for veterans to gather and<br />

work on civic projects, the Post is known<br />

throughout the region for its sponsorship of the<br />

War Bonnet Roundup Rodeo, one of the oldest<br />

and most successful rodeos in the nation.<br />

There is no doubt that the War Bonnet<br />

Roundup is Idaho’s oldest and longest running<br />

rodeo. However there is some dispute about its<br />

anniversary. The idea of holding a rodeo in<br />

Idaho Falls developed after a rodeo was held in<br />

Jackson Hole, Wyoming in the early 1900s.<br />

When Idaho Falls became the county seat of the<br />

newly created <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> in 1911, business<br />

leaders wanted to sponsor an event that<br />

would draw people in from surrounding areas<br />

and show then what Idaho Falls had to offer.<br />

The first rodeo performance was held in<br />

September 1912.<br />

The War Bonnet Roundup Rodeo has now<br />

been a fixture in Idaho Falls for 100 years and<br />

has been a source of exciting entertainment,<br />

sporting achievement and western heritage since<br />

its beginning. Tom Ogawa<br />

was Rodeo chairman for<br />

many years and, after his<br />

twenty-sixth year, he was<br />

presented with a laserengraved<br />

30-30 Winchester<br />

Saddle Rifle.<br />

There were a few<br />

years during the 1930s<br />

and 1940s when the<br />

Roundup could not be<br />

staged because of the<br />

Great Depression and<br />

World War II, and, in<br />

recent years, a lack of<br />

sponsorships caused cancellation<br />

of the event in<br />

2009 and 2010. However,<br />

under the leadership and<br />

direction of American<br />

Legion Post 56, the War<br />

Bonnet Roundup Rodeo<br />

has now entered its second<br />

century and is bigger<br />

and better than ever.<br />

9 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


The Rodeo has become a part of Idaho Falls<br />

history. The event started in Reno Park (now<br />

known as Tautphaus Park), and later moved to<br />

Sandy Downs where it continues to be a major<br />

summer attraction. In recent years, American<br />

Legion Post 56 has changed the rodeo arena<br />

and made many improvements to the rodeo<br />

grounds and facilities, including a big screen<br />

replay board that allows spectators to see<br />

instant replays of the action.<br />

Partnering with the Legion is Judd<br />

Mortensen, a local cowboy who is now retired<br />

from bull riding but lends his knowledge and<br />

expertise to rodeo and bull riding events<br />

throughout the country.<br />

Legion Boys State and supports the American<br />

Legion Oratorical Contest. Members visit fifth<br />

grade classrooms to present a flag education<br />

program and present certificates to students<br />

who complete the program.<br />

In addition, the Legion has a float in<br />

the annual Fourth of July parade, presents<br />

several programs for Veterans Day, retires<br />

and burns flags on Flag Day, and honors<br />

policemen, firemen, state patrolmen and<br />

sheriff’s deputies each year. Members also<br />

conduct programs for churches, civic<br />

organizations, scouts, nursing homes and<br />

others who request programs about the flag<br />

or veterans.<br />

AMERICAN<br />

LEGION POST 56<br />

In addition to its work with the War Bonnet<br />

Roundup Rodeo, American Legion Post 56,<br />

commanded by Robert L. Skinner, is involved<br />

in a number of other activities.<br />

The Legion’s Idaho Honor Guard is<br />

considered one of the best in the state and<br />

conducts graveside honors for any veteran. In<br />

2011 the Honor Guard conducted 113 such<br />

graveside ceremonies.<br />

The organization sponsors four American<br />

Legion baseball teams, sponsors the American<br />

In 1949, H. L. Baxter donated a building<br />

in downtown Idaho Falls to the American Legion<br />

and, in 1960; the <strong>County</strong> Commissioners agreed<br />

to fund operation of the building with county<br />

tax money.<br />

American Legion Post 56 meets at 7:00 pm<br />

the first and third Monday of each month at the<br />

Veterans Memorial Building at 485 Constitution<br />

Way in Idaho Falls. The Legion is an active,<br />

growing organization and always welcomes<br />

new members.<br />

✧<br />

Above: The memorial team during<br />

military graveside honors.<br />

Q u a l i t y o f L i f e ✦ 9 5


✧<br />

Above: The first school in Idaho Falls<br />

School District #91 was the Rebecca<br />

Mitchell School, a one-room school<br />

that opened in 1882 on Eastern<br />

Avenue at Elm Street in what was<br />

then School District No. 9,<br />

Oneida <strong>County</strong>.<br />

Below: With recent passage of a<br />

$53 million bond, Idaho Falls School<br />

District #91 is making upgrades to<br />

schools throughout the district. Four<br />

of the district’s aged elementary<br />

schools—Dora Erickson, Edgemont,<br />

Ethel Boyes, and Longfellow—will be<br />

replaced with new buildings that can<br />

support twenty-first century learning.<br />

IDAHO FALLS SCHOOL DISTRICT #91<br />

Idaho Falls School District #91 was actually<br />

born in the summer of 1882 when teacher<br />

Rebecca Mitchell set up a temporary classroom<br />

in an abandoned saloon on Eagle Rock Street.<br />

Old boxes served as desks for the first students<br />

of the new school district, which was initially<br />

named School District No. 9 of Oneida <strong>County</strong><br />

and included almost all of the Snake River Valley.<br />

The makeshift classroom was only used for<br />

about six months before the first official schoolhouse<br />

was opened in December 1882—a<br />

one-room building located on Elm Street just<br />

south of what is today the Museum of Idaho. In<br />

1892, a new eight-room school was opened and<br />

dubbed Central School. An annex was added in<br />

1903 to serve students in grades one through<br />

twelve. At this point, the school employed 19<br />

teachers and boasted an enrollment of 738<br />

students, 73 of which were high school students.<br />

Other schools soon followed. Riverside School,<br />

for example, was opened on Idaho Avenue in<br />

1908 and Eastside Elementary located between<br />

Thirteenth and Fourteenth Streets opened in<br />

1911. Eagle Rock Elementary on Chamberlain<br />

Avenue opened in 1913. In 1916, Idaho Falls<br />

Central High School opened on Seventh and<br />

Boulevard and served high school students for<br />

more than three decades before Idaho Falls High<br />

School was opened in 1952 on Holmes and John<br />

Adams Parkway. The old Central High facility<br />

was then used for various grades until it burned<br />

down in 1973. O. E. Bell Junior High School was<br />

built in 1930 on Ridge Avenue, on the site of the<br />

original Central School. It was closed down in<br />

1980 and is today a renovated office building.<br />

In the 1940s, approximately forty schools in<br />

the Upper Snake River Valley were reorganized<br />

into two school districts—Idaho Falls School<br />

District #91 and <strong>Bonneville</strong> School District #93.<br />

Several schools joined District #91 at that time.<br />

Eleven new schools—2 high schools, 1 junior<br />

high and 8 elementary schools—were built<br />

in the 1950 and 1960s to accommodate the<br />

explosive population growth fueled primarily by<br />

what is now Idaho National Laboratory.<br />

The district is currently the state’s fifth<br />

largest with approximately 10,400 students<br />

and a recently commissioned demographics<br />

study predicts that enrollment will continue<br />

to grow. The district has approximately<br />

940 full-time equivalent employees, more than<br />

600 of which are certified teachers, principals,<br />

counselors and nurses and all of whom<br />

work diligently with the community to fulfill<br />

the school system’s mission “to develop the<br />

whole child in an atmosphere of excellence<br />

characterized by a comprehensive curriculum,<br />

quality instruction, mutual respect and shared<br />

responsibility for learning.”<br />

9 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


In 2012, the district had<br />

18 schools—12 elementary<br />

schools to serve kindergarten<br />

through sixth grade; 2 middle<br />

schools for students in<br />

seventh and eighth grades;<br />

and 4 high schools for grades<br />

nine through twelve. Of the 4<br />

high schools, one is an alternative<br />

school for students<br />

who have not been successful<br />

in a traditional high<br />

school setting and the other<br />

is a new magnet high school,<br />

Compass Academy. With the<br />

passage of a $53 million bond in 2012, the<br />

district is in the process of rebuilding four of<br />

its elementary schools, renovating science<br />

classrooms at two high schools, and upgrading<br />

the Clair E. Gale Building to accommodate<br />

both the new Compass Academy and many of<br />

the district’s professional-technical programs.<br />

The upgrades are part of the district’s vision<br />

of creating schools that have a culture that<br />

empowers, instruction that engages and technology<br />

that enables students to be competitive<br />

in the twenty-first century. The district is in<br />

the process of aligning its curriculum to the<br />

Common Core Standards, which are aligned to<br />

college and work expectations.<br />

Another focus is on integrating<br />

technology into classrooms in<br />

ways that will truly transform<br />

education so students develop the<br />

skills of creativity, collaboration,<br />

critical thinking and communication,<br />

which are so critical today.<br />

The district has a number of<br />

special programs serving students’<br />

needs including advanced placement<br />

and dual credit classes;<br />

an online academy; a host of programs<br />

for special needs students;<br />

a summer school for students in<br />

grades seven through twelve; a<br />

gifted program; programs to help<br />

students with limited proficiency<br />

in the English language; and a<br />

number of professional-technical<br />

programs that allow students to<br />

earn college credits and certifications<br />

in programs such as nursing<br />

assistant training, emergency<br />

medical technician training, and<br />

automotive technology.<br />

For more information on Idaho<br />

Falls School District #91, visit<br />

www.ifschools.org.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Technology is changing<br />

education. In Idaho Falls School<br />

District #91, technology is used to<br />

enrich instruction, engage students<br />

and help them master the twenty-first<br />

century skills of communication,<br />

collaboration, critical thinking, and<br />

creativity that are critical to success in<br />

college and the world of work.<br />

Left: In Idaho Falls School District<br />

#91, the focus is on individual student<br />

achievement and ensuring that every<br />

child meets their potential. In our<br />

elementary schools, the emphasis is on<br />

reading, writing, and math so students<br />

have the strong foundation they need<br />

to be successful in high school, college,<br />

and the world of work.<br />

Q u a l i t y o f L i f e ✦ 9 7


FAIRWINDS-<br />

SANDCREEK<br />

RETIREMENT<br />

COMMUNITY<br />

✧<br />

Bottom, left: Dan Madsen, Ken<br />

Madsen and the farmer that sold the<br />

land to the Fairwinds-Sandcreek<br />

Retirement Community project.<br />

Bottom, center and right: Stages of<br />

construction for the Fairwinds<br />

Retirement Community project.<br />

Fairwinds-Sandcreek Retirement Community<br />

in Idaho Falls is a community in the truest<br />

sense. And not just any community, but one that<br />

focuses on continuously providing everything<br />

its residents need, all parceled in an atmosphere<br />

of “Five-Star Fun.”<br />

“The industry often calls communities<br />

such as ours ‘facilities’ and refer to those<br />

who live here as ‘patients’ instead of residents,<br />

but here at Fairwinds-Sandcreek that could not<br />

be further from reality,” General Manager and<br />

Administrator Kelly Martin says. “As a matter<br />

of fact, we are often likened to a luxurious<br />

and lively cruise ship. We’re just grounded in<br />

beautiful Idaho Falls.”<br />

The first community in Idaho Falls to cater<br />

to both assisted living and independent living<br />

residents, Fairwinds-Sandcreek Retirement<br />

Community has been open since the fall of<br />

2000. It is owned by Leisure Care, one of the<br />

nation’s largest privately-held retirement and<br />

assisted living companies since 1976, and its<br />

parent company, One Eighty. Both companies<br />

are known for their innovative and fun<br />

approaches to the business. The community<br />

offers 120 various-sized apartments anchored<br />

by an array of common areas that are far from<br />

common and great activities to bring it all to life.<br />

Residents, for example, can enjoy a scrumptious<br />

restaurant-style, dietician-approved meal<br />

9 8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


prepared by a full-time executive chef seven days<br />

a week. There is also an onsite library, a spa,<br />

salon and host of other useful facilities and<br />

comfortable common areas as well as beautifully<br />

landscaped courtyards. Located nearby are the<br />

Sand Creek Golf Course, tennis courts, and<br />

theaters, museums and shopping malls, not to<br />

mention Yellowstone, the Grand Teton National<br />

Parks, Jackson Hole and the Snake River. For<br />

peace of mind, Eastern Idaho Regional Medical<br />

Center and Mountain View Hospital are also<br />

close at hand. The atmosphere is lively and fun,<br />

cozy and tranquil, all at the same time, and there<br />

are always a plethora of activities to explore.<br />

“You won’t find any boring elevator music<br />

here. We play good seventies music and rock<br />

and roll. The smell of freshly popped popcorn<br />

from our lobby bistro is a favorite by everyone<br />

that enters and it’s always fun to witness the<br />

extremely competitive putting contest that<br />

happens in the lobby twice a week. Just off<br />

the lobby, you may see our Wii Bowling Team<br />

practicing for an upcoming tournament or,<br />

upstairs, an intense billiard tournament in<br />

play. Across the room, a group of residents<br />

take part in a low impact ‘sittercise’ workout or<br />

participate in a course of brain aerobics,”<br />

Martin says, describing a typical day in the<br />

Fairwinds-Sandcreek community. “But, that’s<br />

just skimming the surface. There’s also bingo,<br />

fashion shows, poker, the opportunity to watch<br />

a professional baseball game from box seats just<br />

behind home plate or join other residents for a<br />

night with the Idaho Falls Symphony.”<br />

Additionally, residents can enjoy a walking<br />

club, weekly shopping trips, transportation to<br />

and from appointments, monthly candlelight<br />

dinners, scenic drives, concierge services, trip<br />

planning through the company’s own Travel by<br />

Leisure Care program and many customized<br />

annual events, such as golf tournaments, car<br />

shows and an annual contest for residents who<br />

have been married for fifty or more years whereby<br />

contestants enter to win a trip by submitting<br />

an essay expressing why their significant other is<br />

still the one.<br />

“The stories are amazing,” Martin said with a<br />

smile, adding that local officials and celebrities<br />

join the previous year’s contest winners as judges<br />

and announce the winner at a special dinner for<br />

the top fifteen couples and family members.<br />

“The bottom line is that our residents can do<br />

what they want, when they want, all the while<br />

having the peace of mind of knowing that<br />

our highly-trained staff is always available<br />

and every apartment is equipped with an<br />

emergency communication system. And, if<br />

they ever need assistance, our staff is available<br />

within minutes twenty-four hours a day<br />

seven days a week,” Martin said, adding that<br />

Fairwinds-Sandcreek follows closely the lead of<br />

its ownership companies in all that it does,<br />

including carefully selecting and maintaining<br />

a high-energy and dedicated staff and basing<br />

day-to-day operational decisions on always<br />

“doing the right thing.”<br />

“We know that our success starts with our<br />

staff and we are diligent about hiring happy,<br />

fun, innovative, dedicated and high-energy<br />

people who, by their very nature, add sincerity,<br />

warmth, character and heart to our community,”<br />

concluded Martin.<br />

For more information, visit the Internet at<br />

http://www.leisurecare.com/fairwinds-sandcreek/.<br />

Q u a l i t y o f L i f e ✦ 9 9


CREEKSIDE HOME<br />

HEALTH &<br />

HOSPICE/<br />

ENCOMPASS<br />

✧<br />

Right: Left to right,<br />

Hospice Director Sandy Herrera,<br />

Home Health Director Yvette Blake,<br />

and Area Manager Delsy Phillips.<br />

There is a reason why<br />

Creekside Home Health and<br />

Hospice is one of the largest<br />

such providers in Idaho Falls<br />

area and it is the same reason<br />

that in November 2011<br />

Encompass Home Health—<br />

one of the most respected<br />

and recognized home health<br />

companies in the nation—<br />

selected the company to join<br />

its growing network.<br />

“Over the past decade<br />

since Creekside Home Health<br />

and Hospice was founded in<br />

2002, the company has earned a stellar<br />

reputation of providing competent,<br />

courteous and compassionate care to<br />

patients and their families and the<br />

community at large,” said Area Manager<br />

Delsy Phillips, proudly adding that<br />

these were the very qualities that<br />

attracted the new owners.<br />

Recognized as a Top Health Company<br />

on Inc. Magazine’s Inc. 5000 list for 2011<br />

as well as a “Best Place to Work in<br />

Healthcare” by weekly magazine Modern<br />

Healthcare, Encompass Home Health is<br />

a Medicare-certified home health, hospice<br />

and pediatric home care network<br />

with more than 100 locations located<br />

across Colorado, New Mexico, Oklahoma,<br />

Oregon, Texas, Utah and now Idaho.<br />

With a simply-stated, but quite powerful<br />

mission to provide “A Better Way to Care,”<br />

the staff of Creekside Home Health & Hospice/<br />

Encompass is committed to delivering superior,<br />

compassionate and individualized care in the<br />

comfort of the patient’s home or in the least<br />

restrictive alternative setting in which the<br />

patient’s needs can be fully met. To further<br />

improve the quality of care offered, Creekside<br />

Home Health & Hospice/Encompass utilizes a<br />

sophisticated software program—an electronic<br />

medical records system called Homecare<br />

Homebase—which provides real-time information<br />

to caregivers and physicians.<br />

Creekside Home Health & Hospice/Encompass<br />

now has six locations in Idaho and Oregon. For<br />

more information, visit online at www.ehhi.com.<br />

1 0 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


EASTERN IDAHO<br />

REGIONAL<br />

MEDICAL<br />

CENTER<br />

Eastern Idaho Regional Medical Center<br />

(EIRMC) has been at the very heart of the<br />

region’s healthcare since opening more than a<br />

quarter of a century ago.<br />

The year was 1986 and the staff spent a<br />

chilly December moving both equipment and<br />

patients from Park View and River View<br />

Hospitals into a brand new $42 million facility<br />

located at 3100 Channing Way in Idaho Falls.<br />

Since opening, the initial capital investment has<br />

grown to well over $200 million and today—<br />

with 5 locations, 331 licensed beds and a staff<br />

of more than 225 physicians and 1,300-plus<br />

employees—EIRMC is the largest medical facility<br />

and the very hub of healthcare in the region.<br />

Truly a beacon in healthcare, it is a member<br />

of the HCA family and is fully accredited by the<br />

Joint Commission. EIRMC offers leading edge<br />

healthcare to an average of 439 patients per day,<br />

nearly forty percent of whom travel from outside<br />

of <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>. The hospital is home<br />

to Idaho’s only Level 1 Intensive Care Unit.<br />

The hospital is one of just over 100 hospitals<br />

in the nation that features a Level II Trauma<br />

Center and also has a Cancer Center, which<br />

holds a rare “Comprehensive” ranking by the<br />

ACS Commission on Cancer as well as a leading<br />

edge Heart Center. EIRMC’s Heart Center<br />

provides the majority of its coronary bypass<br />

surgeries using the “beating heart” or off-pump<br />

method, which is proven to significantly<br />

decrease mortality rates, and its state-of-the-art<br />

catheterization labs offer the full complement<br />

of diagnostic and treatment services.<br />

EIRMC is furthermore home to the Air Idaho<br />

Rescue, which averages more than 800 air and<br />

ground rescues annually and is one of just 136<br />

nationally accredited air emergency transport<br />

services. Additionally, the hospital features<br />

a seventy-two bed Behavioral Health Center;<br />

is designated as a Primary Stroke Center by<br />

the Joint Commission; offers New U, a national<br />

bariatric center of excellence; provides regionleading<br />

care for high risk mothers and<br />

infants via impressive sub-specialization in<br />

perinatology and neonatology; and provides<br />

the region’s health safety net in its award<br />

winning Emergency Department, serving over<br />

38,000 patients per year.<br />

Complementing its leading role in the area’s<br />

healthcare, EIRMC is also an active and<br />

involved corporate citizen, donating time,<br />

money and sponsorship to a rich variety of<br />

community causes.<br />

For more information, visit www.eirmc.com.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Since opening its doors in<br />

1986, Eastern Idaho Regional Medical<br />

Center has grown into a “medical<br />

destination” for patients residing as<br />

far as from Idaho Falls as southern<br />

Montana, western Wyoming and<br />

northern Utah.<br />

Below: As the second largest employer<br />

in Idaho Falls, EIRMC’s payroll has<br />

an impressive ripple effect into other<br />

area businesses, and the taxes paid by<br />

the hospital are a critical source of<br />

funds for infrastructure and other<br />

state and local services.<br />

Q u a l i t y o f L i f e ✦ 1 0 1


DEVELOPMENT<br />

WORKSHOP,<br />

INC.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Many people were employed<br />

onsite. This photograph shows one of<br />

the first contracts—manufacturing<br />

survey stakes.<br />

Below: Today, Development<br />

Workshop, Inc., helps hundreds of<br />

individuals land jobs with<br />

area employers.<br />

As recently as the 1960s, many people with<br />

disabilities were seldom seen. Hidden away or<br />

institutionalized, opportunities to contribute to<br />

society or lead a normal life were nonexistent.<br />

Many could not dream of a future.<br />

Development Workshop, Inc., was born out<br />

of local efforts in response to a national movement<br />

to establish services for people with<br />

disabilities. They dreamed of services would<br />

allow individuals to remain in their homes and<br />

successfully integrate into their communities;<br />

to achieve their chosen level of economic and<br />

social independence.<br />

Beginning in 1971, serving just twelve<br />

clients with a staff of three, and a budget of<br />

$40,000, Development Workshop, Inc., was<br />

one of the pioneers in the United States to<br />

provide community-based vocational services.<br />

Today, the organization operates three manufacturing<br />

facilities in eastern Idaho where<br />

people with disabilities are able to receive vocational<br />

training and strive toward independence.<br />

The company manufactures products for a<br />

wide variety of customers, providing injection<br />

molding of plastics, industrial sewing, and<br />

assembly and packaging services. Additional<br />

opportunities exist through contracts like<br />

administrative support and janitorial services.<br />

In 2011, Development Workshop, Inc.,<br />

served 638 clients, helped 157 people find<br />

competitive employment and earned nearly<br />

$5 million. Development Workshop, Inc., continues<br />

to live the mission “to assist individuals<br />

who have a disability or who are disadvantaged<br />

to recognize and to achieve their chosen level of<br />

economic and social independence.”<br />

Development Workshop, Inc., strives for<br />

the day when people will be valued for their<br />

contributions and their character and it is the<br />

disability that is no longer seen.<br />

Celebrating those who dare to dream—forty<br />

years of Development Workshop, Inc. To learn<br />

more about Development Workshop, Inc., visit<br />

them online at www.dwinc.org.<br />

1 0 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


PEAK<br />

PERFORMANCE<br />

THERAPY<br />

SERVICES<br />

Briggs Horman, physical therapist and<br />

owner of Peak Performance Therapy Services,<br />

PC—a local business, has been a provider and<br />

leader in the rehabilitative therapy market in<br />

Idaho Falls since 1993.<br />

After graduating from Chicago’s Northwestern<br />

University, Horman took a job at the Back<br />

Institute with Intermountain Health Care in<br />

Salt Lake City, Utah. Later, while in private<br />

practice in northern California, he was<br />

recruited by Eastern Idaho Regional Medical<br />

Center (EIRMC) where he became the director<br />

of physical therapy, occupation therapy, speech<br />

therapy, cardiac rehabilitation, audiology,<br />

industrial medicine, and therapy services for<br />

home health, TCU and the rehabilitation unit<br />

on the sixth floor. He also started Functional<br />

Capacity Testing for injured workers, which<br />

he still performs today.<br />

In 1998, Horman became the owner of<br />

Body Works Therapy Services, which quickly<br />

flourished and led to the formation of Peak<br />

Performance Therapy Services, PC. He was key<br />

in the design and implementation of rehabilitate<br />

services and contracted all inpatient and<br />

outpatient services with the construction and<br />

startup of Mountain View Hospital. Briggs has<br />

been an invited lecturer for industrial safety<br />

and other health-related topics for organizations<br />

such as Idaho National Laboratory and<br />

the Idaho Industrial Commission. He was also a<br />

monthly guest speaker on KIDK Radio AM 590<br />

for many years and a member of the American<br />

Physical Therapy Association since 1989. He<br />

served as chairman of the Physical Therapy<br />

Advisory Committee to the Idaho State Board<br />

of Medicine and is also a past Idaho delegate<br />

to the Federation of State Boards of Physical<br />

Therapists and district chairman for the Idaho<br />

Physical Therapy Association.<br />

Briggs’ wife, Wendy, has been on D93 School<br />

Board since 2002 and recently won the primary<br />

election for Idaho State Representative. They<br />

and their five children reside in Ammon, where<br />

Horman operates Ammon’s first physical therapy<br />

practice. On a personal level, he is active<br />

in the Boy Scouts; has coached youth sports;<br />

participates in men’s, co-ed, and recreational<br />

leagues; and is a member of the Sounds Choir<br />

in Idaho Falls.<br />

Q u a l i t y o f L i f e ✦ 1 0 3


COLONIAL<br />

THEATER<br />

In 1919 three local men—C. A. Spath of the<br />

Farmers and Merchant Bank, Dr. C. M. Cline, and<br />

S. K. Mittry, a local contractor—put up $175,000<br />

to build a “proper” theater. The Colonial featured a<br />

handsome ivory-colored terra cotta face in a neoclassical<br />

Greek style and was billed as the largest<br />

and finest theater in the state of Idaho when it<br />

opened on November 10, 1919. It had the largest<br />

stage in the Intermountain West, an orchestra pit,<br />

eight dressing rooms, 1,400 luxurious mahogany<br />

seats upholstered in leather; and a “modern” ramp<br />

to the balcony. Because the theater was designed<br />

in the era before modern electronic amplification,<br />

the acoustics were (and still are) superb.<br />

war bonds. Through the 1960s and 1970s the<br />

Paramount continued showing the latest in<br />

motion pictures. However, by 1990 it was in<br />

such disrepair that it was closed, presumably<br />

forever. There was talk about tearing the old<br />

theater down and building a parking garage. But<br />

a few fans saw the beauty and potential of<br />

the great old place underneath the decaying<br />

façade. In 1990 the Idaho Falls Arts Council was<br />

formed, with a mission to promote, advocate,<br />

and present a broad spectrum of visual and<br />

performing arts in Eastern Idaho. The restoration<br />

of the Colonial Theater was their first task. In<br />

November 1994 the then-owners of the old theater,<br />

Dick Clayton, Sr., and his son Steve, donated<br />

it to the Idaho Falls Arts Council. It took the<br />

Arts Council three years to raise $4.5 million and<br />

renovate the building, returning it to the beautiful<br />

visual and performing arts center it is today.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Paramount Theater.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF MUSEUM OF IDAHO.<br />

Right: Interior Colonial Theater.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF STEVE SMEDE.<br />

The first performance in the new theater was<br />

the play John Ferguson. C. H. Lewis was the first<br />

theater manager, presenting vaudeville, dramatic<br />

plays, road shows and some early moving<br />

pictures. The Great Depression severely impacted<br />

attendance as people could no longer afford<br />

the one or two dollar ticket prices for live<br />

performances, hence the ten cent ticket to the<br />

motion pictures, some of which were “talkies,”<br />

was much more affordable. The theater subsequently<br />

underwent a bit of a conversion; a<br />

projection screen was installed and the theater<br />

name was changed to the Paramount Theater.<br />

The first moving picture shown in the Paramount<br />

in November 1929 was Welcome Danger.<br />

The Paramount still hosted the occasional<br />

live stage performance into the 1940s and<br />

1950s, most of which were local productions.<br />

Celebrities occasionally visited, including the<br />

famous comedy team Abbott and Costello, selling<br />

On March 13, 1999, the beautifully renovated<br />

Colonial Theater celebrated its Grand<br />

Opening with blues and jazz legend Ray Charles.<br />

Currently, the theater hosts between sixteen and<br />

eighteen live professional performances a year as<br />

well as dozens of local and other performances<br />

presented by local groups who rent the theater.<br />

The Colonial Theater stands proudly in<br />

downtown Idaho Falls, its classic charm of a<br />

bygone time proving a beautiful setting for the<br />

best of contemporary performing arts.<br />

1 0 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


For over sixty years, the Idaho Falls<br />

Symphony has provided quality live orchestral<br />

experiences for the enjoyment, enrichment, and<br />

education of audiences and musicians alike. The<br />

Symphony presents an annual concert series<br />

that brings the best of classical music to a<br />

variety of local venues, including Freeman Park,<br />

the Colonial Theater, and the Civic Auditorium.<br />

Established in 1949, the Symphony was<br />

originally presented by the Idaho Falls Music<br />

Club and the Community Concerts Association.<br />

The Symphony redefined itself in 1961 when the<br />

Idaho Falls Symphony Society was incorporated,<br />

by-laws were formulated, and a board of directors<br />

was elected with Lowell Jobe as president.<br />

The Symphony Society has since partnered with<br />

many local sponsors to promote a vibrant and<br />

nationally recognized symphony orchestra.<br />

of whom bring an extraordinary<br />

dedication to the organization.<br />

Today the orchestra’s growing reputation<br />

has attracted musicians<br />

from throughout the Eastern<br />

Idaho region, which has brought<br />

increased professionalism to the<br />

volunteer spirit of the ensemble.<br />

Education and outreach efforts<br />

are central to the Symphony’s role<br />

in the community. Thousands of<br />

children experience the Symphony<br />

every year through Children’s<br />

Concerts, Family Concerts, and<br />

the in-school presentations of the<br />

Ambassador Program. The Idaho<br />

Falls Youth Symphony provides an<br />

engaging orchestral opportunity for area music<br />

students, and the Masterclasses offered by the<br />

Symphony’s world-renowned guest artists have<br />

inspired generations of emerging musicians.<br />

✧<br />

IDAHO FALLS<br />

SYMPHONY<br />

ABOVE: PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF<br />

DENNIS HAMMON.<br />

BELOW AND BOTTOM: PHOTOGRAPHS COURTESY<br />

OF ROBERT BOWER, POST REGISTER.<br />

The Symphony draws musicians from all<br />

walks of life. Symphony members include<br />

professional musicians, music teachers, engineers,<br />

medical doctors and many others, all<br />

After an extensive search in 2010, conductor<br />

Thomas Heuser was named the Symphony’s<br />

tenth Music Director, following a line of directors<br />

that has included Dr. George Adams, John<br />

LoPiccolo, Carl Eberl, LaMar Barrus and Harold<br />

Mealy among others. The administrative staff of<br />

dedicated employees and volunteers is located<br />

in the Idaho Falls Symphony office at the<br />

Willard Arts Center in downtown Idaho Falls.<br />

For additional information about the Idaho Falls<br />

Symphony, please visit www.ifsymphony.org.<br />

Q u a l i t y o f L i f e ✦ 1 0 5


1 0 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


THE MARKETPLACE<br />

B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ’ s r e t a i l a n d<br />

c o m m e r c i a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o f f e r<br />

a n i m p r e s s i v e v a r i e t y o f c h o i c e s<br />

SPECIAL<br />

THANKS TO<br />

InteGrow Malt TM LLC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0 8<br />

Carpet One Floor & Home<br />

Westergard Moving and Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 2<br />

Candlewood Suites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 4<br />

Chesbro Music Company . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 6<br />

The Cellar Restaurant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 8<br />

Grow Idaho Falls, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 9<br />

East Idaho Credit Union . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 0<br />

Bill’s Bike Shop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 1<br />

North Hi-Way Café . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 2<br />

The Bank of Commerce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 3<br />

Nelson Hall Parry Tucker, P.A. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 4<br />

Tobin Cleaning & Restoration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 5<br />

Cornerstone Financial Advisors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 6<br />

The Legacy Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 7<br />

C-A-L Farm & Ranch Stores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 8<br />

The Greater Idaho Falls Chamber of Commerce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 9<br />

Merrill-Lynch Idaho Falls Branch Office . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3 0<br />

North American Brewer’s Association . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3 1<br />

Cox, Ohman & Brandstetter, Chartered . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3 2<br />

Control System<br />

Technology, Inc.<br />

The Smith Group<br />

T h e M a r k e t p l a c e ✦ 1 0 7


INTEGROW MALT TM<br />

LLC<br />

✧<br />

Above: InteGrow Malt TM LLC<br />

management team, left to right:<br />

Pat Hovis, controller; Alfredo Avila,<br />

general manager; John Zietz, barley<br />

supply chain manager; Gregg Smith,<br />

plant engineer; Martin Perez, senior<br />

maltster and Mike Patten,<br />

HR/ES&H manager.<br />

Below: InteGrow Malt TM LLC’s plant<br />

sits on twenty-six acres and includes a<br />

host of metal and concrete silos,<br />

a cleaning and classification tower,<br />

a malting house, a power house and a<br />

support building, which hosts a state<br />

of the art laboratory.<br />

Grupo Modelo, S.A. de C.V., a leader in the<br />

production and marketing of beer in Mexico<br />

and throughout the world, and Cargill, a worldwide<br />

agricultural company, are successful<br />

companies in their own rights. But, just like<br />

the right recipe leads to a good brew of beer,<br />

unifying the knowledge and expertise of each<br />

of these companies in a joint venture is proving<br />

to be a true recipe for success.<br />

Though InteGrow Malt TM LLC has only been<br />

in existence since April of 2010 when the two<br />

companies joined forces to blend and capitalize<br />

on their individual and unique abilities in grain<br />

marketing, malting and brewing, InteGrow is<br />

actually the new, improved version of Grupo<br />

Modelo’s GModelo Agriculture, Inc., which<br />

formed in Idaho almost a decade earlier.<br />

Grupo Modelo—Mexico’s leading brewer<br />

and the distributor of thirteen beer brands, six<br />

of which are export brands and including<br />

Corona Extra, the world’s number one sold<br />

Mexican beer currently available in more than<br />

180 countries around the world—obviously<br />

understands what makes good beer. It understands<br />

that the whole process hinges on good<br />

malt and good malt starts with good barley,<br />

different varieties creating different tastes, colors,<br />

aromas as well as mellowness and head retention<br />

of the resulting beer. Among the barley varieties<br />

are two-row and six-row variations, rows<br />

referring to the number of seeds on the barley<br />

stalk, which impacts the starch-to-husk ratio as<br />

well as the desired malty flavor. Two-row barley<br />

has become an indispensable staple for Modelo<br />

1 0 8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


ews, and it is the primary reason the brewer<br />

ventured to Idaho Falls from its home country<br />

where only six-row barley is produced.<br />

The second largest barley producer in the<br />

United States, the largest malting barley<br />

producer in the western part of the country<br />

and, even more importantly, a place where that<br />

barley comes in a wide selection of two-row<br />

malting varieties, Idaho Falls was exactly what<br />

Grupo Modelo was looking for. However, a<br />

plentiful two-row barley supply was only part<br />

of the equation as the corporation also desired<br />

to have better control over the quality of both<br />

the purchase and processing of barley used in<br />

its beer. Additionally, as malt prices are heavily<br />

influenced by underlying costs of barley and<br />

transportation, building a malting plant close to<br />

a barley production area was also important.<br />

Idaho Falls and <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> offered the<br />

ideal location not only because of its proximity<br />

to production areas, but also because the state<br />

is home to the only federally-supported barley<br />

breeding program in the United States and the<br />

area is home to a strong labor force and existing<br />

infrastructure which offered unrivaled support<br />

for a malting plant.<br />

“Though Canada and North Dakota were<br />

being considered for our operation, Grupo<br />

Modelo was captivated by Idaho’s advantages,”<br />

said InteGrow Malt General Manager Alfredo<br />

Avila of Idaho Falls.<br />

Designed in Spain in 2002, construction<br />

started on the InteGrow plant in the spring of<br />

2003 and it received its first shipment of barley<br />

in September 2004. Its three production lines<br />

fired up in consecutive fashion, one each in July,<br />

August and October of 2005 and it shipped its<br />

first batch of malt in August of 2005. In 2009,<br />

Grupo Modelo decided to further strengthen its<br />

position in terms of barley supply by taking on<br />

a partner with expertise in the grain markets.<br />

Cargill—an international producer and marketer<br />

of food, agricultural, financial and industrial<br />

products and services with a presence in 65<br />

countries—became that partner and now owns<br />

49 percent of InteGrow Malt. Grupo Modelo<br />

maintains ownership of the other 51 percent.<br />

The name InteGrow Malt was created to<br />

convey the concepts of integrity and an interrelationship<br />

of collaboration with employees,<br />

growers and the Idaho Falls community. On the<br />

business operations side, the word “InteGrow”<br />

represents growth and integration. Physically,<br />

the plant sits on approximately twenty-six acres<br />

and includes a host of metal and concrete silos<br />

as well as several interstitials or combination<br />

silos, all combined with a storage capacity of<br />

114,700 tons of barley and 10,535 tons of malt.<br />

The plant’s 3 production lines each contain<br />

2 steeping tanks, 4 germinators and 2 kilns.<br />

✧<br />

Above: GModelo Agriculture, LLC,<br />

was incorporated as an Idaho<br />

Company on October 18, 2001.<br />

Roger Christensen, <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong><br />

Commissioner District 1, Idaho<br />

Governor Dick Kempthorne,<br />

City Mayor Linda Milam and Grupo<br />

Modelo’s CEO, Carlos Fernandez<br />

presided over the Ground Breaking<br />

Ceremony which was held on<br />

April 7, 2003.<br />

Left: There are twenty concrete silos,<br />

each capable of holding 6,504,000<br />

pounds of barley. They rise 150 feet<br />

above the ground.<br />

T h e M a r k e t p l a c e ✦ 1 0 9


✧<br />

Above: Both germination and kilning<br />

vessels are quite unique. The bottom<br />

of the vessels rotates according to<br />

a specific program to allow even<br />

germination and toasting of<br />

every grain.<br />

Below: Inside a germination vessel.<br />

The spiral helixes allow the grain at<br />

the bottom to come to the top and<br />

breathe. The vessel is filled and<br />

emptied using a fixed central auger.<br />

The company has four superheated, natural gas<br />

fed water boilers to heat-up the air used in<br />

processes. The main purpose of malting is to<br />

transform the food reserves of raw barley into a<br />

substrate capable of dissolution and extraction<br />

by hot water during a mashing stage, which<br />

leads to the production of wort, an aqueous<br />

solution of fermentable carbohydrates or sugar<br />

and soluble protein. Wort then becomes beer<br />

after yeast converts the sugar into alcohol and<br />

carbon dioxide.<br />

The malting process itself includes several<br />

steps, all of which are performed at the<br />

InteGrow plant. The first and most critical step<br />

is steeping, which cleans the grain’s surface<br />

and increases the barley moisture content.<br />

Germination follows and is an extension of<br />

what was started during steeping—only accelerated.<br />

Embryo germination is obtained within<br />

the germination vessel, which controls humidity,<br />

air and temperature and causes enzymes to<br />

break down the cell walls of the endosperm<br />

and transforms the barley into green malt. The<br />

third step is kilning, a process by which heated<br />

air passes through the grain’s bed stopping<br />

germination, retaining active enzymes and producing<br />

a stable product, which can be stored<br />

and transported. Before malt is transported to<br />

the customer, a final process called “polishing”<br />

takes place, freeing the malt from any attached<br />

dirt particles or split-open husk fragments.<br />

Among the board members who incorporated<br />

the original GModelo Company were then<br />

GModelo Chairman of the Board Antonino<br />

Fernandez and Grupo Modelo CEO Carlos<br />

Fernandez. The company’s general manager<br />

from the time of incorporation in 2001 until the<br />

joint venture with Cargill in 2010 was Luis<br />

Miguel Alvarez, an industrial engineer and longtime<br />

employee of Grupo Modelo. The construction<br />

manager was Jose Serrano, an electronics<br />

engineer who had worked in the operations<br />

division of Grupo Modelo’s home office for<br />

sixteen years, and the administrative manager<br />

was Alfredo Avila, an industrial engineer who<br />

not only launched Grupo Modelo’s Mexico<br />

retail convenience store chain, Extra, but<br />

who also became an integral part of<br />

GModelo Agriculture’s operations from<br />

start-up. Avila became general manager<br />

when GModelo Agriculture became<br />

InteGrow Malt and still serves in that<br />

capacity. The all-important role of barleypurchaser<br />

is now handled by John Zietz,<br />

a three decade plus employee of Cargill.<br />

Also on the current management team<br />

is Controller Pat Hovis and Plant Manager<br />

Gregg Smith, both of who joined the<br />

company in 2004 each with thirty plus<br />

years of experience. Martin Perez, Grupo<br />

Modelo’s most experienced maltster, now<br />

serves as InteGrow’s senior maltster.<br />

Mike Patten, the company’s first human<br />

resource manager who came on board in<br />

1 1 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


2010, has been instrumental in helping<br />

the new company develop its own distinct<br />

culture apart from both parent companies<br />

while still upholding the values of both.<br />

Today, InteGrow Malt has become a<br />

major part of the Idaho Falls business<br />

landscape. It is responsible for the<br />

creation of nearly fifty full-time jobs as<br />

well as additional seasonal jobs. It has<br />

contributed more than $15 million in<br />

taxes in less than a decade of operation<br />

and has paid an estimated $8.1 million to<br />

the City of Idaho Falls for utilities. Since<br />

2004 when production started, more than<br />

250 Idaho farmers have done business<br />

with the company and approximately 200<br />

continue to sell barley to the company on<br />

an annual basis. Total barley purchased in<br />

Idaho to date is valued at $170,575,000 with<br />

an additional $38,000,000 bought from large<br />

barley companies outside of Idaho. The plant<br />

produces enough malt to fill approximately<br />

4.6 million cans or bottles of beer daily.<br />

In addition, InteGrow makes a concerted<br />

effort to utilize local businesses and has<br />

ongoing relationships with hotels, travel<br />

agencies and local retail stores and industrial<br />

supply companies at which they have purchasing<br />

accounts, not to mention restaurants<br />

and local service providers. The company’s<br />

customer base is mostly comprised of Grupo<br />

Modelo’s Breweries in Mexico.<br />

Beyond the business aspect, InteGrow Malt<br />

is also invested in the Idaho Falls community,<br />

collaborating with local charities for projects<br />

such as providing holiday dinners and gifts<br />

to families in need. The company and its<br />

employees also take part in a host of other<br />

community events and charitable causes and<br />

are, of course, huge supporters of events such<br />

as the Idaho Falls BeerFest—the single largest<br />

one day beer festival in the United States.<br />

Participation in this event is aimed at further<br />

developing the industry and helping to develop<br />

markets for the local grain producers.<br />

For more information on InteGrow Malt TM LLC,<br />

please visit www.integrowmalt.com.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Malting is the controlled<br />

germination of a cereal grain to<br />

produce enzymes and to cause defined<br />

changes in its chemical constituents.<br />

At a certain point germination is<br />

arrested through the kilning process,<br />

in which dry air—in increasing<br />

temperature ranges —is circulated<br />

through the green malt.<br />

Below: Since 2004 when production<br />

started, more than 250 Idaho farmers<br />

have done business with the company.<br />

InteGrow Malt TM LLC is proud to<br />

export Idaho barley to the world,<br />

through Modelo’s fine beers.<br />

T h e M a r k e t p l a c e ✦ 1 1 1


CARPET ONE<br />

FLOOR &<br />

HOME<br />

Like his grandfather who founded Westergard<br />

Mayflower Moving and Storage, Steve Westergard<br />

and his wife, Judy, have built their successful<br />

business—Carpet One Floor & Home in Idaho<br />

Falls—essentially from scratch.<br />

“In the beginning, in 1983, we had just a<br />

small storage building to store our carpet and<br />

our only advertising was a small ad in the classified<br />

section,” Steve said recently, recounting<br />

the first couple of years after a friend convinced<br />

them to buy into a Mr. Carpet franchise. “We<br />

had an old green station wagon packed with<br />

carpet samples and we traveled from Ashton to<br />

Pocatello and everyplace in between.”<br />

By 1985, however, the Westergards had<br />

opened a 3,500 square foot headquarters facility<br />

and, within just two more years, had moved<br />

again into an even larger facility. Though almost<br />

double in size from the first, they outgrew that<br />

facility as well and in 1992 purchased a former<br />

IGA grocery store, which family and friends<br />

spent three months helping<br />

convert into a sustainable floor<br />

covering store.<br />

Shortly after the husband<br />

and wife team incorporated the<br />

company and in 1995 joined<br />

Carpet One, the largest co-op of<br />

retail flooring in the nation.<br />

In 2007 they added a new<br />

retail area and additional warehouse<br />

space making the total<br />

facility a whopping 13,000<br />

square feet. It is here at 405<br />

West Seventeenth Street that the<br />

company remains today.<br />

Again just like his grandfather’s<br />

business, the Westergards’<br />

business has become a true<br />

family business with sons and<br />

daughters, nieces and nephews<br />

joining in along the way, several<br />

of whom are still on the team.<br />

The Westergards do not hesitate<br />

to give credit where credit is due.<br />

“We are very appreciative and proud of our<br />

employees, our children, our extended family<br />

and our installers,” Steve said. “We are also very<br />

proud to be a member of the Carpet One Floor<br />

& Home family as it provides us with national<br />

buying power, allowing us to pass along great<br />

savings on the best assortment of name brands<br />

in carpet, vinyl, ceramic tile, hardwood and<br />

laminate flooring.”<br />

For more information, call 208-529-1951 or<br />

visit online at www.carpetoneidahofalls.com.<br />

1 1 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


WESTERGARD<br />

MOVING<br />

AND STORAGE<br />

Although the company closed in 2000,<br />

Westergard Moving and Storage was not only<br />

an important fixture in Idaho Falls for almost a<br />

century, it was also the bedrock on which three<br />

generations of Westergards made their living.<br />

It was a business that became a family legacy.<br />

Founded by James Christian “J. C.” Westergard,<br />

Idaho Falls Transfer and Storage opened its<br />

doors on March 12, 1912, with one team of<br />

horses, a single wagon and a small twelve by<br />

twelve foot tin building. In the beginning,<br />

Westergard had a trio of business partners,<br />

but eventually bought them out, growing the<br />

company and breaking new ground as he<br />

went. In fact, in 1916, it was Westergard who<br />

purchased Idaho Falls’ first semi-truck and<br />

trailer and soon after had an entire fleet of<br />

semis as well as pickups and flatbeds.<br />

He changed the business name to Westergard<br />

Transfer and Storage in 1926, about the same<br />

time his son—James Christian Westergard, Jr.,<br />

or Jay—started helping out part-time while still<br />

in high school. Jay later became full time and<br />

soon welcomed his brother—David Lloyd or<br />

D. L.—and sister, Ruth, into what was now a<br />

full-fledged family business.<br />

In 1947 the Westergards became agents for<br />

nationwide moving company Aero-Mayflower<br />

and began moving people to and from all parts<br />

of the United States. In 1955, D. L.’s son, Jim,<br />

became the third generation to join the business,<br />

by now known simply as Westergard<br />

Mayflower. Like his father and uncle, he also<br />

worked part time while in high school and later<br />

became full time. Jay’s son, Steve, also joined<br />

in, working part-time while in high school and<br />

college, becoming full time in 1972 upon his<br />

graduation from Boise State. In March 1983,<br />

however, Steve and his wife, Judy, branched<br />

out to start a new business—Carpet One Floor<br />

& Home in Idaho Falls—which remains in<br />

business today.<br />

The senior Westergard passed away in 1968<br />

at the age of eighty-seven, followed by Jay<br />

Westergard in 1979 and, finally, D. L. in 1998,<br />

the same year that Westergard Mayflower<br />

celebrated its eighty-fifth year in business.<br />

Though the company was closed in 2000, its<br />

legacy lives on in the hearts of the Westergard<br />

family and the many clients they served in their<br />

eight-plus decades in business.<br />

T h e M a r k e t p l a c e ✦ 1 1 3


CANDLEWOOD<br />

SUITES<br />

✧<br />

Opposite, top: Our awards are many:<br />

the 2009 Newcomer Award, the 2009<br />

Intercontinental Hotels Group Priority<br />

Club Excellence Award, the 2010<br />

Intercontinental Hotels Group<br />

Torchbearer Award, the 2010 Best of<br />

the Best Lead Housekeeper of the<br />

Year, Janet Earnest, the 2011<br />

Intercontinental Hotels Torchbearer<br />

Award, the 2011 Best of the Best<br />

Maintenance Engineer of the Year,<br />

Brent Kirkham and the 2011 Best of<br />

the Best General Manager of the Year,<br />

Laura Ballard. We have also won<br />

awards for our fundraising for<br />

Give Kids the World and Habitat<br />

for Humanity.<br />

On the outside, Candlewood Suites in Idaho<br />

Falls, Idaho is a beautiful riverfront property,<br />

which casts a striking reflection upon the<br />

tranquil flowing waters of the Snake River.<br />

On the inside, it exudes a relaxing, casual<br />

atmosphere reflective of home.<br />

“The Candlewood Suites’ trademark slogan,<br />

‘Consider Us Home,’ is more than just advertising<br />

jargon, it is who we are,” said General<br />

Manager Laura Ballard. “Everything we do is<br />

about helping our guests feel at home while<br />

they are on the road.”<br />

Owned and operated by Marotel, LLC—a<br />

local company that also owns and operates<br />

the Holiday Inn Express and the Hampton Inn<br />

on Channing Way in Idaho Falls—Candlewood<br />

Suites is an award-winning, pet-friendly<br />

extended stay hotel located at 665 Pancheri<br />

Drive, next to the Scenic Snake River. It<br />

is ideally located just minutes from an<br />

array of local attractions and businesses<br />

including the Snake River Greenbelt,<br />

the Falls and a variety of local parks<br />

great for exploring nature as well as<br />

the Museum of Idaho, the Idaho Falls<br />

LDS Temple Visitor’s Center and the<br />

Tautphaus Park Zoo, just to name a few.<br />

For those who love to shop and dine<br />

out, downtown local shopping and the<br />

Grand Teton Mall as well as a smorgasbord<br />

of unique and exceptional restaurants<br />

are just a short drive away. Major<br />

businesses nearby include Nature’s<br />

Path, Mountain View Hospital, Eastern<br />

Idaho Regional Medical Center, Idaho<br />

Falls Surgical Center and many more.<br />

1 1 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


The hotel itself has four floors with eightyone<br />

spacious suites, all of which feature full<br />

private kitchens with refrigerators, microwaves,<br />

stove tops and dishwashers and are fully<br />

stocked with cookware and dishes. Additionally,<br />

each guest suite has a thirty-two inch LCD television<br />

with DVD player, a recliner, an executive<br />

work desk and free high-speed Internet access.<br />

Select suites also feature river-view balconies.<br />

Business services available to guests include<br />

copying, courier services, facsimile, high-speed<br />

and wireless Internet access in public spaces<br />

and access to a computer and printer at the<br />

front desk. The hotel also offers complimentary<br />

onsite laundry facilities and The Candlewood<br />

Cupboard, located in the hotel’s lobby, offers a<br />

variety of food and sundry items for purchase.<br />

Weekly housekeeping services, dry cleaning<br />

and laundry pick-up services are also available.<br />

Onsite parking is complimentary for guests.<br />

To stay in shape while on the road, guests<br />

have full access to an onsite, twenty-four hour<br />

fitness center equipped with high quality Star<br />

Trac equipment to include two treadmills, a<br />

bicycle and an elliptical machine as well as an<br />

Instinct weight system with bench, two exercise<br />

balls, mats and scales. For those who enjoy<br />

outdoor grilling, the hotel has a river view BBQ<br />

Pavilion with two grills and tables<br />

and chairs; and for those looking<br />

forward to a little downtime with<br />

music, a movie or a book, the hotel<br />

has a well-stocked Lending Library<br />

featuring a vast array of DVDs,<br />

books and CDs which can be<br />

checked out free of charge.<br />

The hotel’s dedication to service<br />

excellence is rewarded by the return<br />

visits of many of its guests as well as<br />

a trophy case brimming with awards<br />

and special recognition, including<br />

the 2009 Newcomer Award, the<br />

2009 Intercontinental Hotels Group<br />

Priority Club Excellence Award and<br />

the Intercontinental Hotels Group<br />

Torchbearer Award for both 2010<br />

and 2011. The Best of the Best<br />

Lead Housekeeper of the Year<br />

Award was earned by associate<br />

Janet Earnest in 2010, while Brent<br />

Kirkham was named 2011 Best of<br />

the Best Maintenance Engineer of the Year and<br />

Laura Ballard, 2011 Best of the Best General<br />

Manager of the Year. The hotel and its staff have<br />

also won several awards for fundraising efforts<br />

for such charities as Give Kids the World and<br />

Habitat for Humanity.<br />

For more information or to book a reservation<br />

at Candlewood Suites in Idaho Falls, call<br />

208-525-9800 or 1-800-496-7630 or visit<br />

online at www.candlewoodsuites.com.<br />

T h e M a r k e t p l a c e ✦ 1 1 5


CHESBRO MUSIC<br />

COMPANY<br />

✧<br />

Top: Horace Chesbro (left), at the<br />

Broadway location in 1927.<br />

Above: Henry Chesbro, second<br />

generation owner, 1924.<br />

With the motto “Service and Quality Since<br />

1911,” Chesbro Music Company has grown to<br />

become a staple to musicians in Southeast<br />

Idaho, while also serving as one of the largest<br />

distributors of sheet music, instruments, and<br />

accessories to over 1,500 dealers throughout the<br />

United States and some foreign countries.<br />

Chesbro even has agreements with foreign<br />

suppliers to produce their own trademarked<br />

acoustic and electric guitars, drums, accessories,<br />

and music-themed gift items.<br />

While Chesbro Music was officially founded<br />

in Idaho in 1911, the company actually started<br />

earlier in Seattle, Washington. The founder,<br />

Horace Chesbro, was the son of a traveling<br />

spiritualist minister and quit school at age<br />

twelve to work as an apprentice in a Seattle<br />

music store. Because of his musical abilities,<br />

his employer sent him to complete a two year<br />

program at Valparaiso Conservatory of Music.<br />

Chesbro later returned to Seattle to take<br />

over his employer’s music business. Though<br />

the business did not succeed, Chesbro did<br />

not give up. He paid his creditors and moved<br />

to St. Anthony, Idaho, in 1911 where he had<br />

heard farmers were doing well financially.<br />

There he set up shop again before finally<br />

moving to the growing Idaho Falls area in<br />

1915. In 1924 he moved one more time to<br />

327 Broadway in Idaho Falls where the business<br />

remains today.<br />

Indeed, it was Chesbro’s financial accountability<br />

and his negotiation ability with vendors<br />

that helped him grow the business and<br />

survive the lean years. He sold and serviced<br />

pianos door-to-door and established the first<br />

school band programs in eastern Idaho creating<br />

a demand for music. He funded the school<br />

programs by hiring band teachers and renting<br />

instruments to the students. His wife, Ella,<br />

worked alongside him in the business.<br />

During the Depression, Chesbro expanded<br />

from retail store to distributor. He consigned<br />

music products to drug and variety stores, with<br />

the music racks named “Chesbro’s Little Music<br />

Store.” The consignment program is still a<br />

part of Chesbro’s business today. He also hired<br />

traveling salesmen to sell wholesale products<br />

to music stores in Utah, Idaho, Montana,<br />

and Wyoming. The territory eventually expanded<br />

to fifteen western states including Alaska<br />

and Hawaii.<br />

In 1940, Horace and Ella retired and their<br />

son, Henry, took over the business. Horace<br />

passed away in 1951 and—two years later—<br />

tragedy struck as Henry, his wife Mary Jane,<br />

and their son Paul were all killed when their<br />

corporate airplane crashed. This left their<br />

daughter Joan and Grandma Ella as the only<br />

surviving members of the Chesbro family. Joan<br />

had just graduated from Stanford University<br />

and both she and her grandmother returned to<br />

run the business.<br />

As a woman, Joan was a pioneer in the<br />

business world where credit was not generally<br />

given to women. She, however, was given six<br />

months by the creditors and bank to see if she<br />

could run the business. She succeeded.<br />

1 1 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


One of Chesbro Music’s key expansion<br />

opportunities came in the 1970s when Chesbro<br />

became a distributor for a Japanese music<br />

company. This gave the company opportunity<br />

to expand and grow throughout the west. Joan<br />

passed away in 1999 leaving the business to<br />

her three children—Scott Chesbro Griggs,<br />

Tana Jane Stahn, and Vanetta Chesbro Wilson,<br />

the latter two of which actively run the<br />

business today as the CFO and<br />

CEO, respectively.<br />

Today, Chesbro operates a<br />

wholesale division and two<br />

retail stores in Idaho Falls and<br />

Rexburg. The company is fully<br />

automated in order to serve<br />

more customers. All orders,<br />

including Internet orders, are<br />

shipped the same day received.<br />

The successful formula for<br />

Chesbro Music Company has<br />

been to implement sound<br />

financial management, hire<br />

great employees, give back to<br />

the community, and to look for<br />

new opportunities. Chesbro<br />

supports music organizations,<br />

events, and schools. The owners<br />

and managers have been<br />

active in civic groups including<br />

Soroptimist, Zonta, Civitan,<br />

Kiwanis, Rotary, and church organizations.<br />

When Rotary International expanded the<br />

opportunity for women to become Rotarians,<br />

Joan became the first woman Rotarian in Idaho.<br />

The company has remained in the Chesbro<br />

family, with each generation growing up in<br />

the business at the side of their parents and<br />

keeping to the core values established by<br />

Horace and Ella more than a century ago.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Exterior of the current<br />

building at 327 Broadway.<br />

Below: Interior of the retail<br />

store, 1961.<br />

T h e M a r k e t p l a c e ✦ 1 1 7


THE<br />

CELLAR<br />

RESTAURANT<br />

The Cellar, a casual fine dining restaurant<br />

located in Ammon, Idaho, is a three-generation<br />

dream come true.<br />

It started out as his father’s dream. Then<br />

one night, over a nice dinner at a quaint little<br />

French restaurant—a treat from his parents<br />

in celebration of his college graduation—it<br />

became Scott Hinschberger’s dream, too. Still,<br />

it was not until almost three decades later when<br />

his own son discovered a passion for cooking<br />

that the dream finally sprouted wings.<br />

“Even though we all envisioned a place where<br />

exceptional people could enjoy exceptional<br />

food, it wasn’t until our son Bryan started<br />

creating amazing recipes that things really<br />

began to fall in place,” said Scott, who with his<br />

wife Michele, opened The Cellar in 2004.<br />

With a mantra of “Taste Life, It’s Delicious,”<br />

The Cellar is located in a historical house<br />

that has adorned the southeast corner of<br />

Seventeenth Street and Ammon since the early<br />

1900s when the area was known as Casey’s<br />

Corner. Careful to maintain the century-old<br />

house’s historical flavor, the Hinschbergers<br />

named the restaurant’s lounge “Casey’s Bar.”<br />

Another of the rooms in the restaurant is<br />

still called “The Captain’s Quarters” as it was<br />

dubbed by Fred Karford who owned and added<br />

on to the property in the 1960s.<br />

It was not long after Hinschberger and his<br />

partners purchased the property that the idea to<br />

convert the house into a restaurant took root.<br />

Hundreds of hours were spent formulating a<br />

business plan and securing financing. Then a<br />

host of local contractors and individuals helped<br />

transform the old house into a unique restaurant<br />

with a variety of dining rooms, a full bar<br />

and an enclosed patio with breathtaking<br />

views of the ancient pines which garnish<br />

the homestead. The restaurant seats more than<br />

100 for in-house dining and also provides both<br />

on-site and off-site banquet and catering services<br />

for weddings, receptions, parties and other<br />

life celebrations. The Cellar’s executive chef uses<br />

fresh, local or regional ingredients whenever<br />

possible to create menu items, sauces, and<br />

nightly specials that amuse the palate, and customers<br />

are often treated to live music while they<br />

share a meal and celebrate each other’s lives.<br />

For more information on The Cellar, visit<br />

www.thecellar.biz.<br />

1 1 8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


Since World War II, Idaho Falls has had a<br />

long history in the development of nuclear<br />

energy, and defense. After the Cold War ended,<br />

the community faced a challenge as peaceful<br />

times led to the decommissioning of defenserelated<br />

activities and considerable downsizing<br />

of the business at its very heart—Idaho<br />

National Engineering Laboratory (INEL).<br />

In 1992, a group of approximately sixty citizens<br />

and leaders of Eastern Idaho and Idaho<br />

Falls began working to form a partnership<br />

among local businesses, governments, and<br />

concerned individuals. Their mission was to<br />

first coordinate and focus existing resources<br />

and, second, to add new elements to diversify<br />

Eastern Idaho’s economy. The end result was the<br />

regional Eastern Idaho Economic Development<br />

Council, Inc., the precursor of what is today<br />

Grow Idaho Falls, Inc.<br />

Today, INEEL has evolved into the Idaho<br />

National Laboratory, the Lead Nuclear Lab for<br />

the U.S. Department of Energy, and is engaged<br />

in new and expanded missions for energy,<br />

research, and development. Grow Idaho Falls,<br />

Inc. has become a nonprofit, public-private economic<br />

development agency, incorporated in<br />

2000, which retains and expands existing companies,<br />

attracts new industries, and advocates<br />

for a friendly business climate in Idaho Falls,<br />

Ammon, <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>,<br />

and Idaho. Investors, partners<br />

and members of the board of<br />

directors are among the<br />

“Who’s Who” of area businesses<br />

and governmental agencies.<br />

GIFI deserves a great deal of<br />

credit for the area’s continued<br />

industry diversification, an<br />

increase in population (twentysix<br />

percent, 2010 census),<br />

increased prosperity, and promotion<br />

of cultural, educational,<br />

and recreational opportunities.<br />

The community is recognized in national<br />

and international rankings. For example,<br />

The Boomtown “10 Real Estate Markets Poised<br />

for Rapid Growth–2010 to 2020”, the “Top 10<br />

Micro-Cities of the Future” (2011-12, fDI<br />

Magazine), one of the “Best Places to Raise<br />

Your Kids” (BusinessWeek.com, 2010), “Top<br />

100 Best Small Places for Business & Careers”<br />

(Forbes.com, 2010), and the “Top 100 Cities<br />

for 2010” (Money.CNN.com).<br />

For more information, please visit online at<br />

www.growidahofall.org or call toll-free at<br />

1-800-900-2014.<br />

GROW<br />

IDAHO FALLS,<br />

INC.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Linda Martin, CEO Grow<br />

Idaho Falls.<br />

Left: Left to right, Roger Christensen,<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>; Bob Poyser, vice<br />

president; Sam Shakir, president,<br />

Areva Enrichment Services LLC;<br />

Amy Lientz, GIFI president; and<br />

Mayor Jared Fuhriman.<br />

Bottom, left: 1950 Post Register.<br />

Bottom, right: Now Idaho Falls<br />

Downtown Development Corporation.<br />

T h e M a r k e t p l a c e ✦ 1 1 9


EAST IDAHO<br />

CREDIT UNION<br />

In 1935, in the midst of the Great Depression,<br />

two dozen members collectively deposited<br />

$52.75 into the newly-formed Idaho Falls U.S.<br />

Government Employees Federal Credit Union, a<br />

financial seed that would eventually blossom<br />

into a very successful member-owned cooperative<br />

with more than 30,000 members and assets<br />

in excess of a quarter of a billion dollars.<br />

East Idaho Credit Union, as it is now known,<br />

is a full-service financial institution which operates<br />

under both a community charter and an<br />

expanded charter based on occupation. It provides<br />

local services to small and underserved<br />

communities in Eastern Idaho with ten branch<br />

locations—three in Idaho Falls and one each<br />

in Salmon, Arco, St. Anthony, Rexburg, Dubois,<br />

Shelley and Challis. It is one of the oldest<br />

credit unions in the state.<br />

“Not only are we the oldest in the Idaho Falls<br />

area, we are also one of only a few that remain<br />

from sixteen that were organized in 1935,” said<br />

President and CEO LaMont Hanson. “I fully<br />

believe that a big part of our sustainability<br />

is that we are a member owned cooperative.<br />

We support the motto of ‘members helping<br />

members’; with everything that we do being<br />

guided by the credit union philosophy of<br />

‘not for profit, not for charity, but for service’.”<br />

Providing the top notch service for which<br />

the credit union is known is a dedicated staff<br />

of more than 100—many whom have served the<br />

cooperative for more than twenty years. “This<br />

stability and longevity is often cited as one of<br />

the cooperative’s key strengths,” says Hanson,<br />

who himself has been with the institution since<br />

1978. Hanson joins two other past managers<br />

whose leadership stint stretched<br />

past two decades—Reed Olsen<br />

who served from 1938 to 1962<br />

and Arlene Walker who served<br />

1962 until 1987.<br />

Members of East Idaho Credit<br />

Union are employees or family<br />

members of employees, of an<br />

array of occupational categories<br />

and/or who reside or work within<br />

twenty-five miles of the city<br />

of Shelley or in the counties<br />

of <strong>Bonneville</strong>, Bingham, Butte,<br />

Custer, Lemhi, Clark, Fremont,<br />

Madison, Teton, and Jefferson.<br />

For more information on<br />

East Idaho Credit Union, visit<br />

www.eastidahocu.org.<br />

1 2 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


BILL’S<br />

BIKE SHOP<br />

For sixty-five years, cycle enthusiasts<br />

throughout the southeast Idaho region and into<br />

Wyoming have relied on Bill’s Bike Shop for<br />

excellent service, quality products and bicycle<br />

expertise. A fixture in Idaho Falls since 1947,<br />

Bill’s Bike Shop started when local residents<br />

Bill and Alice Murdock began selling bicycles<br />

and motorcycles on West Broadway. Bill and<br />

Alice’s son, Stan Murdock, moved Bill’s Bike<br />

Shop to its Holmes Avenue location where<br />

it has been for twenty-five years. Gary Wight<br />

purchased the business in 2010 and in 2012<br />

announced Snake River Landing as the new<br />

home of Bill’s Bike Shop on Pier View Drive<br />

with an anticipated opening date in early 2013.<br />

General Manager Brandon Fell and Service<br />

Manager Troy Scott assist Wight in heading up<br />

the state-of-the-art, spacious location of over<br />

10,000 square feet. Bill’s Bike Shop is well known<br />

among cycling enthusiasts as the only location<br />

in the area to shop for the<br />

four major cycling brands in<br />

one location: Trek, Raleigh,<br />

Specialized and Giant. During<br />

peak season, Bill’s Bike Shop<br />

services over 600 bicycles per<br />

month with a guaranteed seventy-two<br />

hour turnaround.<br />

In addition to sales, service<br />

and rentals, Bill’s Bike<br />

Shop is actively involved in<br />

giving back to its patrons<br />

and the community. For the<br />

last nine years, they have<br />

been able to give away several<br />

hundred restored bikes<br />

to underprivileged youth with help from Shop with<br />

Cops, the Salvation Army, St. Vincent’s de Paul<br />

and Christmas for Families. Bill’s is also a major<br />

sponsor for the Heart of Idaho Century Ride,<br />

which happens in August each year at Snake<br />

River Landing and the Criterium Series that runs<br />

throughout the summer season.<br />

“Bill’s Bike Shop enjoys being involved in<br />

the community and being at Snake River<br />

Landing helps allow for that. The planners of<br />

Snake River Landing had the foresight to lay<br />

the infrastructure for a bicycle, pedestrian and<br />

family-friendly community within Idaho Falls,”<br />

says Wight.<br />

Bill’s Bike Shop features a world-class mix of<br />

brands and a variety of products but also will<br />

offer virtual spin classes, large seminar and<br />

classroom space, a large service area and convenient<br />

rental center. For more information,<br />

visit www.billsbike.com.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Owner of Bill’s Bike Shop,<br />

Gary Wight and his employees in<br />

June 2012.<br />

Below: A rendering of Bill’s Bike<br />

Shop’s new location on Pier View<br />

Drive in Snake River Landing.<br />

T h e M a r k e t p l a c e ✦ 1 2 1


NORTH<br />

HI-WAY CAFÉ<br />

Owner Roxanne Smith loves that the North<br />

Hi-Way Café is a beloved local landmark and<br />

particularly enjoys hearing the accounts of<br />

the many generations that have frequented the<br />

café even before she and her husband, Wes,<br />

bought it in 2002. She is especially enthralled<br />

by the story of how the place got its start as an<br />

automotive shop.<br />

Back then known as a “flivver” shop, shop<br />

owner Aaron Jones set up tables inside the<br />

garage so that customers could have a bite to<br />

eat while waiting for their Model A’s to be fixed.<br />

Over time, the garage evolved into a full-time<br />

eatery that spanned the tests of time, wars<br />

and depressions to eventually be proclaimed<br />

Idaho’s oldest continually running café as<br />

officially noted by researchers at the state<br />

capital and celebrated by city proclamation on<br />

June 17, 2009.<br />

According to the Boise researchers, archives<br />

show the café opened on June 17, 1934 and,<br />

though some of the exact timeline is a bit<br />

blurred, there have been three<br />

primary owners including partners<br />

Everett and Edna Morgan<br />

and Loren and Louise Schultz;<br />

Evan and Theo Cropper who<br />

purchased the Schultz’s interest<br />

in 1949 and became sole owners<br />

in 1952; Lavar “Butch” and<br />

Darlene Warren who purchased<br />

it in 1972, running it for three<br />

decades before finally selling to<br />

Roxanne and Wesley Smith.<br />

Today, the café is still a local<br />

gathering place, but its charm<br />

and incredible “everything-fromscratch”<br />

menu also brings in<br />

visitors from near and far,<br />

including many famous people<br />

from former United States<br />

President Ronald Reagan to stars<br />

of the silver screen.<br />

Although the official hours<br />

are 5 a.m. until 10 p.m., baking<br />

starts at 3:30 a.m. with a continual<br />

flow of patrons coming into<br />

the seventy seat diner, breakfast<br />

flowing into lunch and lunch<br />

into dinner. In addition, North<br />

Hi-Way is also well-known for<br />

its outside catering. The Smiths<br />

employ an average of fifty people,<br />

many of whom have been<br />

with the café for several decades.<br />

Many patrons have been coming<br />

in for just as long or longer.<br />

“And that is where our real<br />

treasure lies,” said Smith. For<br />

more information, please visit<br />

www.northhiwaycafe.com on the<br />

Internet or just stop by.<br />

1 2 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


THE BANK<br />

OF COMMERCE<br />

The Bank of Commerce’s motto is “The Bank of<br />

a Lifetime” and is a most fitting description for a<br />

bank that has become a fixture in Idaho Falls<br />

since first opening its doors on September 3, 1959.<br />

“More than a half century ago, a group of<br />

businessmen saw a need for a community bank<br />

that would serve small businesses and the<br />

agricultural industry,” said President and CEO<br />

Thomas Romrell. “They pooled $8 million in<br />

capital to fund their vision and The Bank of<br />

Commerce has been growing ever since.”<br />

In fact today The Bank of Commerce has<br />

grown a hundredfold to $800 million in assets<br />

and has over 200 employees serving more than<br />

47,000 customers. Including the main administrative<br />

branch at 3113 South Twenty-fifth Street<br />

in Idaho Falls, there are fourteen<br />

other branches in the bank’s system—five<br />

in Idaho Falls, two in<br />

neighboring Rexburg and one each in<br />

eight other nearby towns and cities<br />

including American Falls, Blackfoot,<br />

Driggs, Mud Lake, Pocatello, Rigby,<br />

Ririe and Shelley.<br />

Since its inception, the bank has<br />

strived to meet the credit needs of its<br />

community as is reflected in its loan<br />

portfolio with one third of loans being<br />

agricultural-based, one third being<br />

commercial and real estate based and<br />

one third small business and consumer<br />

loans. It is because of this diversity<br />

that the bank is considered to be one<br />

of the safest and soundest banks in<br />

Idaho and the nation, says Romrell.<br />

In addition to credit and lending services,<br />

individuals and businesses can choose from a<br />

full slate of banking options from checking,<br />

savings and certificates of deposit to individual<br />

retirement and health savings accounts and<br />

trust services, just to name a few. Customers<br />

also enjoy the most up-to-date services in the<br />

industry including online banking, bill pay and<br />

even text banking.<br />

“We at the Bank of Commerce are always<br />

proud to offer the best banking services and<br />

competitive rates, but the true credit for our<br />

success lies with our experienced, friendly staff<br />

and many loyal customers,” Romrell said.<br />

For more information on The Bank of<br />

Commerce, visit www.bankofcommerce.org.<br />

T h e M a r k e t p l a c e ✦ 1 2 3


NELSON HALL<br />

PARRY TUCKER,<br />

P.A.<br />

✧<br />

Below: Front row, left to right,<br />

Brian Tucker, Doug Nelson,<br />

Blake Hall, and Wiley Dennert.<br />

Back row, left to right,<br />

Weston Davis, Scott Hall, Sam Angell,<br />

Nathan Starnes, and Steve Parry.<br />

Nelson Hall Parry Tucker, P.A. (NHPT), a<br />

professional association of attorneys and counselors<br />

in Idaho Falls, serves the Southern Idaho<br />

area. The firm’s offices are located adjacent to<br />

the Snake River and the water falls that gave<br />

Idaho Falls its name.<br />

NHPT has been an active member of the<br />

community for decades, originating in 1959 as<br />

Anderson Sharp and Bush.<br />

W. Joe Anderson, one of the founding members,<br />

was a dedicated veteran of World War II<br />

who received the Prisoner of War Medal.<br />

Following his military service, Anderson was<br />

involved in the State Bar Association and was a<br />

founding member and president of the Eastern<br />

Idaho Estate Planning Council. He was also<br />

active in a number of civic organizations.<br />

John M. Sharp was a special agent working<br />

in Idaho Falls and a former <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong><br />

Prosecuting Attorney when he joined Anderson<br />

to form a law partnership in 1959. Sharp was<br />

later elected President of the Idaho State Bar<br />

Commission and served in many community<br />

organizations until his passing in 2009.<br />

Eugene L. Bush, also a former prosecutor and<br />

a member of the Idaho legislature, became a<br />

partner shortly thereafter.<br />

Today, NHPT continues its founders’ tradition<br />

of service and excellence. It is one of<br />

the largest law firms in the area with a reservoir<br />

of experience and expertise in representing<br />

both individuals and businesses. Committed to<br />

providing the highest standards of professional<br />

legal services at a fair and reasonable cost, the<br />

firm takes pride in knowing and understanding<br />

its clients’ needs. The firm has continued to<br />

grow and expand as community and business<br />

leaders have recognized the quality of its work.<br />

The firms’ attorneys represent many government<br />

entities, including counties, cities, school<br />

districts, and other taxing authorities. In 1961,<br />

the firm helped charter a regional community<br />

bank and has provided services to many lenders<br />

for more than fifty years.<br />

Community and volunteer service has been a<br />

tradition for members of the firm and numerous<br />

political and charitable organizations have been<br />

led by firm members over the years. Currently,<br />

the firm provides facilities for the Idaho<br />

Community Foundation and assists the foundation<br />

in its mission to enhance the quality of life<br />

throughout Idaho.<br />

1 2 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


TOBIN<br />

CLEANING &<br />

RESTORATION<br />

When disaster strikes, residents of eastern<br />

Idaho know they can depend on Tobin Cleaning<br />

& Restoration to restore their homes or businesses<br />

to original condition as quickly as possible.<br />

Tobin Cleaning & Restoration began as a<br />

small, family-operated janitorial and carpet<br />

cleaning firm in 1973. The company was founded<br />

by Harold Tobin, who formerly was in the<br />

dry cleaning business, and his son, Hal, who had<br />

worked for another cleaning service. In the early<br />

days, the entire family, including Hal’s mother<br />

and siblings, helped clean homes and offices.<br />

The company’s very first job was cleaning<br />

some rental property on a Saturday. Within a<br />

week, the new cleaning service had acquired a<br />

dozen customers, including banks, loan offices<br />

and construction firms. The fee in those early<br />

days was ten dollars an hour, which covered<br />

labor and supplies.<br />

A major breakthrough came when the firm<br />

began performing clean-up work for insurance<br />

companies following a fire, flood, wind storm<br />

or other natural disaster. Tobin Cleaning &<br />

Restoration soon became specialists in clean-up<br />

and restoration work and today ninety-five percent<br />

of its work is for insurance companies.<br />

To dry homes and businesses inundated by<br />

flood waters, Tobin has three truck-mounted<br />

extractors to remove the water and sophisticated<br />

drying equipment that can heat an interior to<br />

110 degrees for quick drying. “We disassemble<br />

the property if necessary, then clean and deodorize,”<br />

explains Tobin “Drying the structure is the<br />

key to avoid mold issues.”<br />

If a structure has been damaged, Tobin<br />

Restoration is a licensed residential and commercial<br />

general contractor and works with<br />

experienced plumbing and electrical subcontractors.<br />

Most other work is performed with<br />

Tobin’s highly qualified in-house employees.<br />

“We were the first cleaning company that could<br />

handle everything from shingles to carpet with<br />

one phone call,” comments Tobin.<br />

Tobin Cleaning worked from home offices and<br />

rented storage space in its early years, but built<br />

its current facility at 1535 Sunnyside Road in<br />

Idaho Falls in 1984. The firm currently has fifteen<br />

employees, including<br />

several who have<br />

been with the company<br />

twenty years or<br />

longer. Gary Welker,<br />

an expert on reconstruction,<br />

has been<br />

with the company<br />

thirty-seven years,<br />

and Secretary Julie<br />

Severson has been<br />

with the company<br />

twenty-seven years.<br />

Tobin retired in<br />

2012 and sold the business to Rhett Judy, an<br />

experienced cleaning contractor who had worked<br />

with Tobin for five years.<br />

The firm will continue to provide the same<br />

fine services under the same name. For additional<br />

information on Tobin Cleaning & Restoration,<br />

visit www.tobinrestoration.com.<br />

T h e M a r k e t p l a c e ✦ 1 2 5


CORNERSTONE<br />

FINANCIAL<br />

ADVISORS<br />

✧<br />

Darren Josephson.<br />

The cornerstone is the first stone set in a<br />

masonry foundation—a rock-solid stone that<br />

determines the entire position of a structure<br />

and a most fitting namesake for Cornerstone<br />

Financial Advisors in Idaho Falls, Idaho.<br />

Cornerstone Financial is a full-service financial<br />

consulting firm dedicated to helping clients<br />

build wealth and protect their hard-earned<br />

assets. Cornerstone Financial actually got its legs<br />

in June 1983 when founder Parke Josephson<br />

used his own to hoof it door-to-door selling<br />

Prudential Life policies. As life insurance was<br />

its primary focus, the company was founded<br />

as Josephson Insurance Agency, Inc. and Parke<br />

Josephson sat at its helm until 1992 when he<br />

retired and handed the reins over to his son,<br />

Darren, who had been an agent with the<br />

company since the beginning. Shortly after,<br />

the name of the company was changed<br />

to Cornerstone Financial Advisors to more<br />

adequately reflect the broader spectrum of<br />

services the company began to offer.<br />

Today, Darren remains president and continues<br />

to lead the fully independent company as<br />

it offers not just life insurance, but retirement,<br />

estate and investment planning, tax and risk<br />

management as well as education funding and<br />

employee and executive benefits.<br />

“As financial professionals we strive to help<br />

our clients plan for financial security by<br />

providing them with three key tools—a clear<br />

understanding of their financial goals; a<br />

well-defined roadmap from which to work<br />

toward those goals; and ongoing advice to help<br />

adjust that roadmap when needs change,”<br />

Darren says. “We never want our clients to have<br />

to worry about outliving their incomes.”<br />

Cornerstone currently has two offices, the<br />

headquarters offices in Idaho Falls and a<br />

satellite office in nearby Pocatella. The Pocatella<br />

office formerly conducted business under<br />

the name Idaho Planning. In addition to the<br />

experienced and seasoned agents and personnel<br />

who work out of these offices, the company<br />

also has a strong presence on the internet.<br />

On the company’s website, www.cfaidaho.net,<br />

clients will find valuable information such as<br />

educational articles and advice as well as tools<br />

for evaluating and assessing both current and<br />

future needs.<br />

Securities offered through The O.N. Equity<br />

Sales Company.<br />

Investment Advisory Services offered through<br />

O.N. Investment Management Company.<br />

Member FINRA/SIPC One Financial Way,<br />

Cincinnati, OH 45242 (513) 794-6794.<br />

1 2 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


THE LEGACY<br />

NETWORK<br />

The Legacy Network, it might be said,<br />

follows its own lead. Since 1976 the financial<br />

services company has been helping families<br />

build for future generations. Lately, it has been<br />

doing some generational building of its own.<br />

Now, the founder, Rand Robison, has been<br />

joined as partners by his sons, Russell in 1999<br />

and Joel in 2003 and by his daughter, Moria<br />

Westenskow in 2009. On Joel’s to-do list was a<br />

big merger item, the operational integration of<br />

other agencies acquired by the former Robison<br />

Insurance and Financial Services, Inc. Joel has<br />

been entrusted with expansion of the vital internal<br />

sales force, and Moria is commissioned with<br />

growing the exciting health side of the business.<br />

“There are only three things you can do<br />

with your wealth at your death,” says Rand.<br />

“You can give it to your family, to charity or<br />

to the government. At TLN, we have developed<br />

a process that guides our clientele through to<br />

the finish line and helps them keep as much of<br />

their estate in their family as possible.”<br />

Thirty-six years later, and after the addition of<br />

the three partners, The Legacy Network is now<br />

licensed to sell insurance in forty-eight states.<br />

Its four divisions include two wholesale operations—TLN<br />

Brokerage and TLN Direct—and two<br />

retail entities—TLN Service Network and Elite<br />

Advisors Group. The group includes an online<br />

interactive known as LegacyLifeQuote.com,<br />

which has spurred considerable growth since it<br />

began in 2007.<br />

Representing the ten largest life insurance<br />

carriers in the United States, including Met<br />

Life, John Hancock, Lincoln National, AXA,<br />

Prudential, ING and an additional twenty<br />

major companies, The Legacy Network offers<br />

life, health, annuity long-term care and<br />

disability products. The company works<br />

through more than 100 agencies across the<br />

United States.<br />

“The Legacy Network is the face of Idaho to<br />

those insurance advisors around the country,”<br />

says Russell, “and our plan is to sign up more<br />

good people, to the benefit of those agencies<br />

and the people here at home.”<br />

For more information on this growing family<br />

firm, visit www.TLNnet.com.<br />

✧<br />

Back row, left to right: A true family<br />

business, company founder Rand<br />

Robison poses with his children and<br />

TLN business partners, Russell<br />

Robison, Joel Robison and Moria<br />

Westenskow. Front row, left to right:<br />

The up and coming third generation<br />

of Robisons include Russell’s son,<br />

Adrian Robison, and Joel’s son,<br />

Jack Robison.<br />

T h e M a r k e t p l a c e ✦ 1 2 7


C-A-L<br />

FARM &<br />

RANCH STORES<br />

It was not an easy decision for Clinton<br />

Murphy and his two sons, Allen and Laurel<br />

“Wayne,” to leave the little town of Clarissa,<br />

Minnesota, population 500 and head west to<br />

seek their destiny.<br />

tires, batteries and oil filters. If a farmer<br />

or rancher had five or more motorized<br />

vehicles, they could get a “Fleet” card,<br />

which entitled them to a discount on<br />

their purchases.<br />

✧<br />

The Murphy brothers are very<br />

grateful for the awesome support the<br />

residents of <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> have<br />

extended over the years. In this<br />

vintage photo, Allen (left) and Wayne<br />

(right) Murphy pose in front of their<br />

storefront with hometown friends who<br />

were passing through Idaho Falls.<br />

They loved their home, but they were<br />

looking for more—specifically a town<br />

with plenty of farms and ranches where<br />

they could open a retail farm and ranch<br />

supply store. They passed through Montana<br />

as far west as Missoula. Not finding what<br />

they were looking for there, they turned<br />

south. Their intent was to head to Texas, but<br />

as they drove through the fertile Idaho Falls<br />

valley—an area teeming with farms—they<br />

knew right away they had found their<br />

new home.<br />

With $30,000, most of which was borrowed<br />

from their father, Allen and Wayne opened<br />

their new store on the corner of Curtis and<br />

West Eighteenth Street in Idaho Falls in<br />

August 1959. They named it C-A-L Farm<br />

& Ranch Store—the C for Clinton, the<br />

A for Allen and the L for Laurel. The bulk of<br />

their product line included tools, spark plugs,<br />

Area farmers responded with full support<br />

and the Murphy’s quickly outgrew their<br />

1,800 square foot building. After just one<br />

year they moved into a new building in front<br />

of the stockyards on Yellowstone Highway.<br />

Twelve years later, they built a new 33,000<br />

square foot store at 665 East Anderson in Idaho<br />

Falls. A second store was opened in 1963 in<br />

neighboring Rexburg with additional stores<br />

opening in Blackfoot, Pocatello and Burley<br />

in 1967.<br />

In 1988, C-A-L Ranch Stores was sold to<br />

longtime employee and general manager,<br />

Howard Johnston, and in 2006 was sold again,<br />

this time to three other long-term employees.<br />

Today, Jerry Ward, Bill Wallace and Tom<br />

Yearsley own the company and operate<br />

eighteen stores in four states.<br />

For more information on C-A-L Ranch<br />

Stores, visit online at www.calranch.com.<br />

1 2 8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


The chamber of commerce has been a part of<br />

the Idaho Falls scene for over 100 years, helping<br />

to forge the business community forward.<br />

Although the message content has changed over<br />

the years, the chamber has been and always<br />

will be dedicated to telling the Idaho Falls story.<br />

Information is readily provided to the business<br />

world and others seeking information about<br />

regional shopping, cultural interests, medical and<br />

healthcare, recreation, transportation and other<br />

businesses and organizations in Eastern Idaho.<br />

In June 1904 as businessmen came to realize<br />

that their own prosperity depended on the<br />

development of a prosperous, healthy, happy<br />

community, a group of business leaders formed the<br />

first business organization called the Idaho Falls<br />

Commercial Club. In 1907 the group was reorganized<br />

as the Idaho Falls Club of Commerce, as their<br />

primary focus shifted to attracting new industries<br />

and commercial development to Idaho Falls.<br />

The name changed April 28, 1919 to<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> Commercial Club and again<br />

April 5, 1922 when the chamber of commerce<br />

name came into existence. In the late 1950s,<br />

it was recognized that whatever affected the<br />

businesses of Idaho Falls had a profound impact<br />

on the surrounding communities, so the name<br />

was changed to The Greater Idaho Falls Chamber<br />

of Commerce, its present designation.<br />

As one of the largest and most active chambers<br />

of commerce in the state of Idaho, The Greater<br />

Idaho Falls Chamber has taken pride in the fact<br />

that it has played the vital role in the business<br />

community of being the advocate and leader for<br />

business interests in Eastern Idaho.<br />

From the early 1900s, Innovative projects have<br />

shaped the future of Idaho Falls as an icon in<br />

the development of energy sources. The chamber<br />

has played an instrumental role in such projects<br />

as the development of the city’s first power plant<br />

by taming the Snake River’s rapids and diverting<br />

the waters through hydroelectric turbines.<br />

When the state of Idaho was originally selected<br />

to become the home of the atomic energy site<br />

in 1948, our neighbors to the south, the city of<br />

Pocatello, was expected to be chosen to house<br />

the headquarters. Although agriculture has<br />

always been the predominant industry in Idaho<br />

Falls, our chamber business leaders, through<br />

clever planning and lobbying, managed to sway<br />

the Washington D.C. decision makers to select<br />

Idaho Falls instead and led to the development<br />

of the first experimental Breeder Reactor,<br />

which chalked up one of the most historic<br />

achievements of the century in producing<br />

the first use of nuclear fission electricity at the<br />

Idaho National Laboratory.<br />

In the 1970s the chamber initiated construction<br />

of a new environmental education center on<br />

the northern edge of Russ Freeman Park that led<br />

to the creation of University Place, a duel enrollment<br />

satellite campus for Idaho State University<br />

and the University of Idaho and played a critical<br />

role in lobbying the state legislature to create a<br />

vocational technical college in Eastern Idaho,<br />

now know as Eastern Idaho Technical College.<br />

While the list of activities and projects the<br />

chamber has been involved with during the<br />

development of Idaho Falls is long, one thing is<br />

for certain, the chamber has played a critical role<br />

in improving the economic welfare<br />

of the community. Whether<br />

it is creating a business friendly<br />

atmosphere, to providing a<br />

skilled and stable workforce,<br />

to helping businesses run more<br />

efficiently and reduce costs<br />

of operation. The chamber is<br />

fighting many battles, on many<br />

fronts, on businesses behalf.<br />

For more information visit<br />

www.idahofallschamber.com or<br />

call 208-523-1010.<br />

THE GREATER<br />

IDAHO FALLS<br />

CHAMBER OF<br />

COMMERCE<br />

T h e M a r k e t p l a c e ✦ 1 2 9


MERRILL LYNCH–<br />

IDAHO FALLS<br />

BRANCH OFFICE<br />

Merrill Lynch—the brokerage and investment<br />

firm renowned for bringing “Wall Street to Main<br />

Street” nearly a century ago—has also played a<br />

key role in Idaho Falls’ growth and recognition<br />

as a regional business hub. The firm originally<br />

opened a downtown Idaho Falls office in 1981<br />

and has held a consistent position in the community<br />

ever since. Today, Merrill Lynch has<br />

expanded to help meet the needs of its growing<br />

client base by moving to modern offices at 560<br />

South Woodruff Avenue. Anchored by approximately<br />

a dozen Financial Advisors and five service-oriented<br />

Client Associates, the Idaho Falls<br />

branch office focuses on helping affluent individuals,<br />

families and business owners pursue<br />

their financial dreams. Everyone in the office<br />

aspires every day to honor Charles Merrill’s commitment<br />

to putting clients’ interests first.<br />

Merrill Lynch offers the experience, continuity<br />

and perspective that few in the industry can<br />

match. From educating prospects about investing<br />

in the 1930s and 1940s—including special<br />

programs for women—to leading Wall Street<br />

globalization in the 1960s, to introducing the<br />

revolutionary Cash Management Account ® in the<br />

1970s; from being the first financial firm ever to<br />

exceed $1 trillion in client assets, which happened<br />

in the 1990s, to launching a comprehensive<br />

wealth management platform and joining<br />

Bank of America in the twenty-first century,<br />

Merrill Lynch has been a leader in bringing individuals<br />

into the investment process in the United<br />

States and around the world.<br />

Although the firm offers access to the vast<br />

global resources of both Merrill Lynch and Bank<br />

of America, our Financial Advisors try to give<br />

each client meeting the feel of an intimate family<br />

gathering. We believe that when we connect<br />

on a “local” level, there is a net gain in understanding,<br />

support and achievement. And our<br />

role goes beyond advising on stocks and bonds.<br />

We also assist individuals, families and businesses<br />

in areas such as retirement, cash management<br />

and financing, often working closely with clients’<br />

other professionals, such as attorneys and<br />

accountants, as needed.<br />

The principles by which we conduct ourselves<br />

are: focusing on clients, respecting each individual,<br />

working as a team, being responsible citizens<br />

and demonstrating integrity at all times. And our<br />

employees are actively involved in the communities<br />

in which they serve and live, devoting time,<br />

energy and resources to create positive change.<br />

Please contact us at 208-525-5211 to learn<br />

more about how The Power of the Right Advisor ®<br />

can make a positive impact on your financial life.<br />

Merrill Lynch Wealth Management makes<br />

available products and services offered by Merrill<br />

Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith Incorporated,<br />

a registered broker-dealer and member SIPC,<br />

and other subsidiaries of Bank of America<br />

Corporation (BAC).<br />

Investment products are not FDIC Issued,<br />

are not bank guaranteed and may lose value.<br />

1 3 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


The mission of the North American Brewers<br />

Association (NABA) has been the same since the<br />

day it was founded: To secure the role of beer in<br />

today’s culture and society through the advancement<br />

of brewing quality and consumer education.<br />

The idea for the association began brewing<br />

shortly after the first cup of suds was poured<br />

at the first-ever Mountain Brewers Beer Fest in<br />

May 1995. Created as a fun way to introduce<br />

craft and microbrewed beer to eastern Idaho,<br />

this first festival not only attracted 700 people,<br />

but also became the catalyst for the association.<br />

NABA was actually founded in late 1996<br />

and incorporated in 1999. It is a nonprofit,<br />

all-volunteer organization with members from<br />

throughout the North American brewing industry.<br />

Founders and key individuals credited<br />

with getting it all started include Lisa Smith,<br />

Rich Gelok, Bruce<br />

Steege, Bob Beckwith,<br />

Jay Newkirk, Ron<br />

Leanna, Tom Hartwell<br />

and Dine Smith as well<br />

as local attorney John<br />

“Mick” Ohman and<br />

current NABA President<br />

Gregg Smith.<br />

In addition to organizational<br />

tasks such<br />

as the development<br />

of corporate policies,<br />

procedures and membership,<br />

NABA also<br />

sanctions beer awards<br />

and festivals such as the Mountain Brewers Fest<br />

and North American Beer Awards as well as a<br />

judging and evaluation course.<br />

Held on the first Saturday in June at Sandy<br />

Downs in Idaho Falls, the Mountain Brewers<br />

Fest has grown immensely over the years and<br />

now attracts people from more than twenty<br />

states and several foreign countries. The 2011<br />

edition hosted a record-breaking 6,000 attendees<br />

and was named a winner of the governor’s<br />

tourism event award. It regularly features<br />

samplings from more than 100 breweries as<br />

well as food and live music.<br />

All revenue goes to charities<br />

and nonprofits with selected<br />

groups receiving more<br />

than $620,000 since the<br />

festival’s inception.<br />

Held in conjunction<br />

with the festival since 1997,<br />

the North American Beer<br />

Awards is a prestigious<br />

and professional three-day<br />

brewing competition judged<br />

by brewmasters from major<br />

national and small independent<br />

breweries as well<br />

as beer journalists and<br />

certified judges. The gold,<br />

silver and bronze medals awarded are so<br />

coveted that it is not uncommon to see them<br />

heralded in the winning brewer’s national<br />

advertising campaigns.<br />

Visit www.northamericanbrewers.org or<br />

www.mbbf.org for more information.<br />

NORTH<br />

AMERICAN<br />

BREWER’S<br />

ASSOCIATION<br />

T h e M a r k e t p l a c e ✦ 1 3 1


COX, OHMAN &<br />

BRANDSTETTER,<br />

CHARTERED<br />

✧<br />

Above: Left to right, Dean<br />

Brandstetter, Amy Kingston,<br />

and John Ohman.<br />

Below: Left to right, Lori Freeman,<br />

Sheila Cooper, Pat Cox, Becki<br />

Thompson, and Kris Purcell.<br />

For more than three decades, the attorneys<br />

of what is now Cox, Ohman & Brandstetter,<br />

Chartered in Idaho Falls have stood behind<br />

clients as they faced judge and jury in an array<br />

of litigation-related matters from cases of<br />

wrongful death, family law, criminal defense,<br />

probate and estates, real estate matters, and<br />

business and employment law to just about any<br />

other legal matter, civil or criminal.<br />

A full-service law firm, COB Law—as it is<br />

often referred—is committed to upholding<br />

the highest standards of professionalism and<br />

ethics and pledges to always provide the<br />

highest quality representation. One of the ways<br />

they do this is by getting to know each client on<br />

an individual basis.<br />

“By using a one-on-one approach we are able<br />

to effectively assess each client’s needs and<br />

requirements,” said John M. Ohman, one of the<br />

two original founding partners. “In many cases,<br />

an out-of-court agreement can be reached<br />

through smart negotiation, but, sometimes,<br />

aggressive litigation is necessary. Our expertise<br />

is in knowing how to best meet each client’s<br />

individual challenge.”<br />

A certified trial specialist with a consistent<br />

“A” rating in the Martindale-Hubbell Legal<br />

Directory, Ohman began practicing with Idaho<br />

Falls native Roger D. Cox in December 1978<br />

and the two formed Cox and Ohman,<br />

Chartered in May 1981. In April 1990 they<br />

brought in Dean C. Brandstetter of Idaho Falls<br />

and rebranded the firm Cox, Ohman &<br />

Brandstetter, Chartered.<br />

Also heralded by Martindale-Hubbell,<br />

Brandstetter specializes in family, commercial<br />

and criminal law with extensive experience<br />

in trial and appellate matters. Cox retired in<br />

2007 after practicing law for forty years and<br />

attorney Amy Kingston joined in 2009. Also<br />

from Idaho Falls and with Federal Tax Court<br />

experience, Kingston specializes in tax planning<br />

and issues arising from business operations,<br />

property transactions, estate planning,<br />

probate matters, tax exempt organizations,<br />

wills or trusts, business formation, and mergers,<br />

consolidations and acquisitions.<br />

In addition to the attorneys, the firm has<br />

a staff of five highly-skilled employees. All<br />

pride themselves not only in their professions,<br />

but in their community as well through<br />

involvement in numerous civic, charitable and<br />

social organizations and events.<br />

For more information, please visit<br />

www.coblawidahofalls.com.<br />

1 3 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


✧<br />

Grays Lake marshes.<br />

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF ELLEN CARNEY.<br />

T h e M a r k e t p l a c e ✦ 1 3 3


✧<br />

New school in Ammon, 1904.<br />

1 3 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


BUILDING A GREATER<br />

BONNEVILLE COUNTY<br />

B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ’ s r e a l e s t a t e d e v e l o p e r s ,<br />

c o n s t r u c t i o n c o m p a n i e s , h e a v y i n d u s t r i e s ,<br />

a n d m a n u f a c t u r e r s p r o v i d e<br />

t h e e c o n o m i c f o u n d a t i o n o f t h e c o u n t y<br />

Idaho Falls Power<br />

City of Idaho Falls Electric Light Division . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3 6<br />

B&B Custom, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3 8<br />

Anheuser-Busch Idaho Barley and Malting Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4 0<br />

HK Contractors, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4 2<br />

Idaho National Laboratory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4 4<br />

Johnson Brothers Planing Mill, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4 6<br />

The Watkins Company . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4 8<br />

Ball Ventures, LLC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5 0<br />

Morgan Construction, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5 2<br />

Custom Land Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5 3<br />

Eagle Rock Specialties, LLC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5 4<br />

Idaho Steel Products, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5 5<br />

Pacific West Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5 6<br />

Venture One Properties<br />

Java Espress ® and Juice Jungle ® . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5 7<br />

Wheeler Electric, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5 8<br />

NBW Architects, P.A. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5 9<br />

D. V. Groberg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6 0<br />

Holst Tr uck Parts<br />

Holst Collision Center, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6 1<br />

J. R. Simplot Company . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6 2<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> Industrial Supply Co., Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6 3<br />

Doug Andrus Distributing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6 4<br />

B u i l d i n g a G r e a t e r B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ✦ 1 3 5


IDAHO FALLS<br />

POWER<br />

CITY OF<br />

IDAHO FALLS<br />

ELECTRIC LIGHT<br />

DIVISION<br />

✧<br />

Above: Diversion dam on Snake River<br />

for City Plant, 1962. The structure<br />

provides the “falls” for Idaho Falls.<br />

Below: Substation and Lower Plant<br />

building, 1955.<br />

Joseph A. Clark, the first mayor of Idaho Falls,<br />

campaigned for office on a promise to bring<br />

electric power to the town. He made good on his<br />

campaign promise and a tiny electric generator<br />

was installed on an irrigation canal in the fall of<br />

1900, establishing the city’s electric utility.<br />

The original power plant was located near what<br />

is now a small park on the west side of boulevard<br />

where Tenth Street connects. The fan-belt generator<br />

had a capacity of 125 horsepower and most of<br />

the initial demand for the plant was for street<br />

lighting. However, electric power was not<br />

supplied twenty-four hours a day. The generating<br />

plant was started around 4:00 p.m. on cloudy<br />

days and 4:30 p.m. on clear days in the winter.<br />

It was often turned off on bright, moonlit nights.<br />

Demand for electricity grew quickly, leading<br />

to an increase in the plant’s capacity in 1902.<br />

Residents paid $1 per month for two incandescent<br />

lights, 40 cents each for the next two lights,<br />

and 30 cents per month for each additional light.<br />

By 1912 additional generating power was<br />

needed and voters approved a $95,000 bond<br />

issue to build a dam and powerhouse on the river<br />

between the Broadway Avenue Bridge and the<br />

hospital. Within weeks, electric rates dropped to<br />

seven cents per kilowatt-hour, one of the lowest<br />

residential rates in the state. Commercial customers<br />

paid a rate of four cents per kilowatt-hour.<br />

Demand for electricity continued to grow,<br />

and Idaho Falls was forced to purchase surplus<br />

power from Utah Power & Light, which had<br />

purchased a hydroelectric dam and powerhouse<br />

on the Snake River, four miles south of Idaho<br />

Falls. City officials also felt the pressure to find<br />

a second generating unit for the City Plant and,<br />

in 1917, $35,000 in new bonds was issued to<br />

pay for a waterwheel and generator at the City<br />

Plant. A number of additions and improvements<br />

helped the city keep pace with demand through<br />

the 1930s. Although the Great Depression<br />

devastated southeastern Idaho, peak load continued<br />

to increase at approximately ten percent<br />

through the first half of the 1930s.<br />

Like other utilities across the nation, Idaho<br />

Falls Power had to ‘make do’ with shortages of<br />

water, manpower and materials during World<br />

War II. The war effort also created a shortage of<br />

steel, copper and aluminum, all essential for<br />

maintaining the city’s electric system. The war<br />

era also saw completion of two massive dams on<br />

1 3 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


the Columbia River, a significant event that led<br />

to creation of a vast public power system for the<br />

Pacific Northwest.<br />

Until 1950, Idaho Falls Power operated in<br />

essentially the same manner as it had for fifty<br />

years. However, by the early 1960s, peak<br />

demand was approaching 40,000 kilowatts and<br />

Idaho Falls signed an agreement with the<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> Power Administration (BPA) for what<br />

appeared at the time to be a limitless supply of<br />

inexpensive hydroelectric power. The agreement<br />

allowed Idaho Falls Power to lower its rates and<br />

more aggressively market electricity.<br />

The utility survived a major disaster in June<br />

1976 when the Teton Dam, a storage reservoir<br />

on the upper Snake River, suddenly failed and<br />

more than 80 billion gallons of water spilled<br />

out of the reservoir. The flood killed six people<br />

and caused hundreds of millions of dollars in<br />

damage. The utility’s City Plant was a total loss<br />

and damage to other facilities was extensive.<br />

A $48 million bond issue was approved by<br />

voters to rebuild the hydroelectric plants, using<br />

bulb turbine technology that dramatically<br />

increased the performance of the city’s hydroelectric<br />

plants.<br />

As demand continued to grow, the Gem State<br />

project—a 22.4-megawatt plant—was built on<br />

the Snake River below Idaho Falls in 1987. In<br />

addition to supplying the area’s electric power<br />

needs, Gem State has become one of the area’s<br />

prime recreation spots.<br />

Idaho Falls Power has enjoyed an annual<br />

growth rate of just under two percent over<br />

the last forty years and annual retail revenues<br />

now total $42.6 million on sales of 698,300,000<br />

kilowatt hours. The utility serves more than<br />

26,000 customers and employs more than<br />

sixty-five people.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Intake structure for City Plant<br />

after Teton Dam flood, 1976.<br />

Below: Crews replacing downtown<br />

transformer racks, 1965.<br />

B u i l d i n g a G r e a t e r B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ✦ 1 3 7


B&B CUSTOM,<br />

INC.<br />

✧<br />

Left to right, Cory, Dave, and Tracy<br />

Bingham are ready to begin another<br />

day at their custom crop-protection<br />

business in Idaho Falls.<br />

“The ‘Idaho’ hangtag in the produce section<br />

of the supermarket may not be a big deal<br />

for some; but, for the potato growers of that<br />

state, it is their pledge of quality to consumers,”<br />

says David Bingham, president and CEO of<br />

B&B Custom, Inc.<br />

Before B&B Custom, a crop-production, custom-application<br />

business, was founded in 1988,<br />

the family operated a 360 acre farm where they<br />

raised hay, grain and potatoes. With the potato<br />

growing operation, Dave used a four-row planter<br />

equipped with a 150-gallon fertilizer tank to<br />

spray liquid fertilizer into the soil through<br />

the planter shoe. While the treatment of soil<br />

was vital to a healthy crop, he soon learned<br />

the method he used was not adequate because<br />

the spray mixed with<br />

the dry disease control<br />

chemical, resulting in<br />

inefficient application<br />

of expensive materials.<br />

He agrees that<br />

“necessity” is the Mother<br />

of Invention. With the<br />

help of his team (sons<br />

Cory and Tracy, and<br />

David’s wife, Jeanie),<br />

they designed and built<br />

equipment to allow<br />

simultaneous potato<br />

row mark-out and<br />

chemical applications.<br />

The idea worked, and they expanded the number<br />

of rows from four to eight, redesigning the injector<br />

shoes; thereby, eliminating cross-mixing of<br />

chemicals, and more than doubling the capacity of<br />

chemical tanks. These improvements greatly<br />

increased the efficiency, reducing the maintenance<br />

during application. The initial enhancements<br />

prompted Bingham to seek other improvements,<br />

not only increasing the overall operation of his<br />

farm, but revolutionized the potato-growing<br />

industry in Idaho.<br />

In 1992, B&B Custom designed a two-layer<br />

injector shoe for the new Vapam ® application<br />

system, which enables the fumigation chemical<br />

to be distributed more evenly and efficiently in<br />

the soil while minimizing waste. B&B’s chemical<br />

suppliers took note, testing the placement of the<br />

product in the soil. It was not long until word<br />

spread among suppliers and dealers; and, B&B’s<br />

process became the new industry standard.<br />

During the start-up years, B&B continued<br />

utilizing the initial design modifications to<br />

improve chemical applications and row markouts.<br />

Further research and testing methods<br />

proved that single-layer Vapam ® application and<br />

water overlay was more efficient than the<br />

previously used two-layer application because it<br />

prevented chemical escape into the atmosphere.<br />

When the Potato Growers of Idaho learned<br />

about the application, B&B Custom was asked to<br />

demonstrate the new technique to the U.S.<br />

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Idaho<br />

1 3 8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


State Legislature and AG Company officials. Again,<br />

B&B Custom established a new industry baseline.<br />

Since 1990, B&B’s growth and inventions have<br />

been phenomenal. They designed and built 8-row,<br />

markers; 12-row markers, and, eventually, 18-row<br />

markers. Each time, the tractors’ horsepower was<br />

dramatically increased. The company made<br />

improvements to the injector shoe in 1993; and,<br />

in 2004, it was the first to incorporate a satellite<br />

positioning system (GPS) to assist tractor<br />

operators during the mark-out and chemical<br />

application process. Improvements have been<br />

made to the technology, using BeeLine © GPS, to<br />

keep the tractor on a straight path within a<br />

tolerance of +/- one inch. “The GPS system is<br />

accurate, automated position tracking that allows<br />

farmers and agricultural service providers to<br />

record data and apply variable rates of inputs to<br />

smaller areas within larger fields,” he says.<br />

In 2000, B&B made major changes by<br />

replacing their standard wheeled tractors with<br />

new rubber caterpillar tract tractors. This<br />

change limited the soil compaction damage<br />

caused by large tractor footprints.<br />

When the Pale Cyst Nematode soil disease<br />

was discovered in the Shelley area, B&B<br />

Custom’s team used its innovative equipment<br />

and application system to apply Telone ® , a deep<br />

treatment commercial chemical, to eliminate the<br />

destructive pest from the soil and prevent loss of<br />

entire crops. It also eliminated the threat of the<br />

disease spreading to nearby fields.<br />

During 2011 the B&B Custom team<br />

expanded into the Burley, Idaho, area. They<br />

were invited by a local fertilizer company to use<br />

their innovative systems to apply Telone ® soil<br />

fumigant to two fields totaling 1,100 acres. This<br />

application was used for the 2012 sugar beet<br />

crop season. The purpose of this application<br />

was to eliminate the nematode disease to<br />

improve the productivity of the sugar beet crop.<br />

Since the company was founded, another<br />

son, Tim, and daughter, Michelle, were added as<br />

tractor operators. Otherwise, there have been no<br />

major changes to key personnel or organization<br />

of the family-run business. It takes pride in<br />

purchasing all equipment, supplies, and<br />

materials from local dealers and suppliers.<br />

B&B Custom, Inc. is located in the New<br />

Sweden area in Idaho Falls.<br />

B u i l d i n g a G r e a t e r B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ✦ 1 3 9


ANHEUSER-BUSCH IDAHO BARLEY AND<br />

MALTING OPERATIONS<br />

and high quality barley seed to local Idaho<br />

farmers. The barley varieties grown in Idaho<br />

have been hand selected by Anheuser-Busch<br />

brewmasters to provide a barley malt supply of<br />

the highest quality for beer production.<br />

The staff at the Barley Elevator contracts<br />

with local Idaho farmers (many of whom<br />

have grown barley for Anheuser-Busch for<br />

generations) to ensure a dependable supply<br />

of high quality malting barley. Currently<br />

Anheuser-Busch contracts approximately twenty<br />

million bushels of Idaho barley. The elevator<br />

receives barley direct from the local farmers,<br />

making sure it conforms to strict quality<br />

standards before accepting and then ships the<br />

barley to the malt plant where it is cleaned in<br />

preparation for malt production.<br />

✧<br />

Above: The Anheuser-Busch<br />

Malt Plant in Idaho Falls,<br />

prior to expansion.<br />

Right: An Idaho barley field.<br />

Malted barley is arguably the most important<br />

ingredient in any beer and forms the flavor<br />

base for the Anheuser-Busch family of beers<br />

including Budweiser and Bud Light, the two of<br />

the best selling beers in the world.<br />

Anheuser-Busch began contracting barley in<br />

Idaho in the mid-1960s after the company<br />

deemed Idaho and the barley grown here to<br />

be of the ideal quality for its beers. Idaho is<br />

currently the largest barley producing state in<br />

the nation. Today the company’s Idaho barley<br />

and malting operations directly employs more<br />

than sixty people and indirectly provides<br />

employment for thousands more ultimately<br />

contributing over $100 million dollars annually<br />

to the local economy.<br />

The company’s malt plant located just<br />

south of downtown Idaho Falls and Barley<br />

Elevator located north of the city along<br />

Interstate I-15 were both constructed in 1990<br />

and then expanded in 2002, effectively<br />

doubling the size of both facilities. Both are<br />

notable local landmarks with their Budweiser<br />

and Anheuser-Busch logos being visible for<br />

miles around. In addition to these two facilities,<br />

Anheuser-Busch also operates a Barley Seed<br />

Plant just east of the Barley Elevator.<br />

Growing malting quality barley for beer production<br />

is a complex operation that begins at the<br />

Barley Seed Plant, which supplies a high purity<br />

After the barley has been cleaned at the malt<br />

plant, it is “malted” through a seven day, three<br />

step process of steeping, germination and<br />

kilning. The finished malt is then tasted and<br />

analyzed for quality before being shipped to<br />

any of the company’s twelve domestic breweries<br />

for beer production.<br />

Anheuser-Busch as a company traces its<br />

origins back to the Bavarian Brewery, established<br />

in 1852 in St. Louis. Eberhard Anheuser<br />

acquired the Bavarian Brewery in 1869 and<br />

renamed it E. Anheuser & Co. In 1864, his<br />

son-in-law, Adolphus Busch, joined the company<br />

that would later become Anheuser-Busch.<br />

1 4 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


While the company’s early years were<br />

demanding, Adolphus proved up to the<br />

challenge. His keen vision, bold initiative,<br />

marketing savvy and passionate commitment<br />

to quality were his legacy to those who followed<br />

and the high standards he established have<br />

been adhered to by each succeeding generation.<br />

Philanthropic outreach is at the core of<br />

Anheuser-Busch’s business philosophy and has<br />

been since 1906, when the company donated<br />

money to the American Red Cross to support<br />

those impacted by the San<br />

Francisco earthquake.<br />

Since 1997, Anheuser-<br />

Busch and its foundation<br />

have invested in local communities<br />

through donations<br />

of nearly $475 million<br />

to charitable organizations.<br />

The company has also<br />

provided more than 71<br />

million cans of drinking<br />

water to people impacted by<br />

natural or other disasters<br />

since 1988.<br />

In addition to the company’s contributions,<br />

Anheuser-Busch’s workforce is dedicated to<br />

making a difference through volunteerism.<br />

Many employees give countless hours to help<br />

worthy organizations.<br />

Anheuser-Busch and its employees build<br />

on a legacy of corporate social responsibility<br />

by focusing on three key areas: promoting<br />

alcohol responsibility, preserving and protecting<br />

the environment and making a difference<br />

in local communities.<br />

✧<br />

Above: The Anheuser-Busch<br />

Barley Elevator near Osgood.<br />

Below: The Anheuser-Busch<br />

Malt Plant, post expansion.<br />

B u i l d i n g a G r e a t e r B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ✦ 1 4 1


HK<br />

CONTRACTORS,<br />

INC.<br />

From its humble beginnings as Hartwell<br />

Excavating to its current status as eastern<br />

Idaho’s largest road construction company,<br />

HK Contractors, Inc., of Idaho Falls has literally<br />

paved its way to success.<br />

Indeed, the company’s impressive reputation<br />

has been forged over six-plus decades. Starting<br />

in 1952—when George Hartwell began construction<br />

and excavating operations with little<br />

more than a backhoe, a dump truck and a<br />

dream; later joining forces with John Kennaday<br />

of Kennaday Paving; and then finally merging<br />

the two companies to become HK Contractors,<br />

Inc., on July 25, 1975, HK has certainly earned<br />

its designation as one of the most respected<br />

and successful general contracting firms in the<br />

Rocky Mountain West.<br />

Although the newly-merged company’s compounded<br />

expertise and assets enabled it to earn<br />

larger and more varied projects, the new HK<br />

Contractors put everything on the back burner<br />

to help its community back to its feet following<br />

the catastrophic Teton Dam Flood in 1976.<br />

Workers spent six months moving mud and<br />

debris and rebuilding roads before resuming<br />

normal duties and plunging headfirst into<br />

massive projects such as the paving of major<br />

highways for the Federal Highway Division and<br />

Transportation Departments for Idaho, Utah,<br />

Wyoming, Nevada, and Montana, as well an<br />

array of other projects for a diverse roster<br />

of residential, commercial and government<br />

clients. The company adopted the motto<br />

“Everything from Highways to Driveways” and<br />

that motto stands today.<br />

In addition to highways, today’s HK workforce<br />

of 250-plus multi-skilled, experienced<br />

workers uses a fleet of more than 350 pieces of<br />

major equipment to perform everything from<br />

city and local paving, underground utilities,<br />

turnkey subdivisions, mining, and specialty<br />

construction such as airports and dams to<br />

smaller, more routine driveway paving and<br />

maintenance, snow removal and even gravel<br />

and topsoil sales and delivery.<br />

✧<br />

Above: HK Contractors, Inc. was<br />

founded and operated in the early<br />

days by (top) John Kennaday,<br />

(from left to right) Gene Ranstrom,<br />

Clyde Charles, George Hartwell,<br />

and Leonard Foster.<br />

Right: HK has invested in the latest<br />

in low emission warm mix asphalt<br />

technology by installing an energy<br />

efficient and eco-friendly warm mix<br />

asphalt plant.<br />

1 4 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


A self-sufficient company with annual sales<br />

often surpassing $100 million, HK owns multiple<br />

gravel sources, aggregate crushing operations<br />

and asphalt plants and was purchased<br />

in 2007 by Oldcastle, Inc.,—one of the world’s<br />

leading building products and materials companies.<br />

With operations in more than 1,900<br />

locations across the U.S. and Canada, this new<br />

parent company further escalated HK’s selfsufficiency<br />

by providing even more abundant<br />

resources and increased purchasing leverage.<br />

Some major local projects that bear the HK<br />

stamp include the 2007 reconstruction of Idaho<br />

Falls’ Sunnyside Road; and the 2010-2011<br />

reconstruction of U.S. Highway 20 from Menan<br />

to Lorenzo. HK was also a major contractor at<br />

many Brigham Young University-Idaho sites as<br />

the university transitioned from a two year to a<br />

four year school.<br />

Additionally, the company has been awarded<br />

major multiyear, multimillion dollar projects<br />

in Yellowstone and Glacier National Parks.<br />

Sprawling over preserved land in Idaho,<br />

Wyoming and Montana, Yellowstone has been<br />

the beneficiary of HK work over the past three<br />

decades to include major excavation, bridge<br />

construction, masonry, mechanically stabilized<br />

earth walls, soil nail walls, aggregate production,<br />

plant mix paving and the total reconstruction of<br />

old roadway. HK employees—working primarily<br />

at night so as not to disrupt tourist traffic were<br />

often visited by buffalo herds, moose and the<br />

occasional grizzly bear—are always careful to<br />

protect the environmental and historical features<br />

of the parks in which they are chosen to work.<br />

Superb work in Yellowstone led to a ten plus<br />

year, $140 million undertaking at Montana’s<br />

Glacier National Park which began in 2007.<br />

This project involves the rehabilitation of<br />

Going-to-the-Sun Road, which is not only one<br />

of the nation’s most scenic highways, but also<br />

one that—at only twenty feet wide with cliffs<br />

above and steep drop-offs below—makes HK’s<br />

award-winning expertise and safety crucial.<br />

As for awards, HK has received numerous<br />

local, state and national awards for work<br />

quality, performance and safety, including the<br />

“Best Construction Project” awarded by the<br />

Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) in<br />

1998 and 2004 for projects in Yellowstone and<br />

in Grand Teton National Park in 2005. In 2003<br />

the company was awarded the FHWA’s “Highest<br />

Environmental Complexity” for its work on<br />

Yellowstone’s Grand Loop Road and, in 2008, the<br />

National Asphalt Pavement Association presented<br />

its esteemed Quality in Construction Award to<br />

the company after its completion of Yellowstone’s<br />

first warm-mix asphalt road project.<br />

The company also boasts an award winning<br />

safety record with more than one million hours<br />

worked without a lost time injury as well as<br />

recognition for their loyal participation in<br />

community and charitable activities.<br />

For more on HK Contractors, please visit<br />

www.hkcontractors.com<br />

✧<br />

Above: HK Contractors, Inc., has<br />

constructed hundreds of private,<br />

municipal, and state sponsored jobs<br />

throughout the Mountain West.<br />

Below: HK’s motto “Everything from<br />

Highways to Driveways” stands for<br />

quality and integrity, and still rings<br />

true today.<br />

B u i l d i n g a G r e a t e r B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ✦ 1 4 3


IDAHO NATIONAL<br />

LABORATORY<br />

✧<br />

Below: The prototype for the<br />

U.S. Navy’s first nuclear submarine,<br />

the USS Nautilus, was built and<br />

tested at Idaho National Laboratory.<br />

Bottom: A team of reactor<br />

operators and engineers stands near<br />

Experimental Breeder Reactor-I a few<br />

weeks after the facility became the<br />

first reactor in the world to generate<br />

usable electricity.<br />

Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has called<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> home since 1949, when the<br />

National Reactor Testing Station was established<br />

by the Atomic Energy Commission (now the<br />

Department of Energy) in the Arco Desert. Idaho<br />

Falls and <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> were chosen over<br />

several surrounding communities to house the<br />

Idaho offices that would oversee the newly formed<br />

research institution. The decision has brought<br />

cultural and economic growth to the region for<br />

more than sixty years. Today, exceptional expertise,<br />

unique infrastructure, nuclear materials and<br />

strategic partnerships converge at INL to form the<br />

national nuclear energy laboratory.<br />

As one of only ten multi-program national<br />

laboratories in the U.S. Department of Energy’s<br />

laboratory complex, INL was originally<br />

established to conduct nuclear<br />

demonstration and testing for the<br />

nation, with the expectation that the<br />

mission would last no more than<br />

fifteen years. More than six decades<br />

later, INL remains the leading laboratory<br />

for U.S. nuclear research and<br />

development, and has expanded<br />

the breadth of its programs and projects,<br />

attracting top engineers and<br />

researchers from across the country<br />

and around the world. The laboratory’s<br />

geography and physical infrastructure<br />

provide unique capabilities<br />

to test and deploy new technologies<br />

that help protect the nation’s resources and<br />

advance energy security.<br />

Over the years, fifty-two nuclear reactors<br />

have been built at INL, many of them firstof-a-kind<br />

designs that were constructed to<br />

prove or disprove nuclear theories. Some of<br />

these reactors have become world famous for<br />

their accomplishments.<br />

• On December 20, 1951, Experimental Breeder<br />

Reactor-I became the first reactor in the world<br />

to generate a usable amount of electricity.<br />

Only two years later, it proved that a nuclear<br />

reactor, while generating electricity, could also<br />

create more reactor fuel than it was consuming.<br />

EBR-I was decommissioned in 1964, and<br />

two years later was designated a Registered<br />

National <strong>Historic</strong> Landmark. Today, EBR-I is<br />

an atomic museum open to the public during<br />

the summer.<br />

• The Materials Test Reactor (MTR) was also<br />

built and operated at INL. This reactor has<br />

been credited with starting materials research<br />

for nuclear energy facilities around the<br />

world. It also began a tradition of materials<br />

research that continues today at INL’s<br />

Advanced Test Reactor, the world’s largest<br />

and most versatile materials testing reactor.<br />

• The Loss of Fluid Test Reactor (LOFT) operated<br />

from 1973 until 1985 with the primary<br />

intent of improving reactor safety. Information<br />

gathered from the LOFT experiments has<br />

been an integral part of developing computer<br />

codes to enhance reactor safety in nuclear<br />

energy facilities and research reactors around<br />

the world.<br />

The U.S. nuclear Navy was also born in<br />

Idaho. In fact, the first nuclear submarine<br />

prototype was built and operated at INL,<br />

proving the concept that a nuclear reactor<br />

could supply a submarine with electrical power<br />

and propulsion over extended periods of time.<br />

This momentous accomplishment led to the<br />

launching of the USS Nautilus, the first nuclear<br />

vessel in the United States, and the construction<br />

of additional prototype systems that<br />

became training platforms for thousands of<br />

naval sailors who trained at INL and lived in<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>.<br />

Today, the laboratory supports the safe<br />

operation of the nation’s 104 nuclear energy<br />

facilities and performs cutting-edge research for<br />

1 4 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


next generation nuclear reactors that emphasize<br />

inherent safety features and high-temperature<br />

designs. INL also performs vital research for<br />

national security, alternative energy, biotechnology,<br />

modeling and simulation, and numerous<br />

other energy fields.<br />

As the world confronts the complexities of<br />

energy challenges and choices, INL promises to<br />

use research innovation, testing and evaluation,<br />

and expertise to help industry and academia<br />

apply new solutions to safely, securely and<br />

sustainably expand energy supply and improve<br />

efficiency. With a strong partnership and a<br />

bright future, both the laboratory and<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> are destined to celebrate<br />

many more milestones and anniversaries.<br />

✧<br />

Above: An interior view of the fuel<br />

storage canal at Idaho National<br />

Laboratory’s Advanced Test<br />

Reactor complex.<br />

Below: A researcher uses a Computer<br />

Assisted Virtual Environment to better<br />

visualize the internal components of<br />

Idaho National Laboratory’s<br />

Advanced Test Reactor.<br />

B u i l d i n g a G r e a t e r B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ✦ 1 4 5


JOHNSON BROTHERS PLANING MILL, INC.<br />

✧<br />

Above: The old water wheel drive<br />

shaft for belt-driven equipment is<br />

still located in the basement at<br />

211 Cliff Street in Idaho Falls.<br />

This shaft is one of the highlights<br />

of a Johnson Brothers tour.<br />

Below: Johnson family and original<br />

owners in early 1900s. Back row,<br />

left to right: Oscar, Robert, Adolph,<br />

Emil, and Eno. Front row, left to<br />

right: Ernest, Alfreda, Carl Alfred,<br />

Maria Sophia, and Frederick.<br />

Like the skilled hands that have planed, sanded,<br />

turned and molded fine woodwork bearing<br />

the Johnson Brothers name for more than<br />

100 years, passion and hard work have finetuned<br />

and polished this family business into<br />

one of the most progressive woodworking and<br />

casework facilities in the Intermountain West<br />

and have succeeded in expanding its operations<br />

to include sales and distribution divisions.<br />

Founded in 1905, in the days when roughsawn<br />

lumber found its way from forest floor<br />

to planing mill by horse and wagon, Johnson<br />

Brothers was born when husband and wife<br />

Carl Alfred and Maria Sophia Johnson, their<br />

daughter, Alfreda, and seven sons—Robert,<br />

Oscar, Fred, Adolph, Ernest, Eno and Emil—<br />

migrated from Elkhart, Indiana to Idaho searching<br />

for prosperity. They settled in Idaho Falls<br />

where they not only found prosperity for their<br />

generation, but for future generations of family<br />

members as well.<br />

Soon after they arrived, the Johnsons purchased<br />

Idaho Falls Planing Mill, one of only<br />

two lumber planing mills in the area. As was<br />

common in those days, a water wheel powered<br />

the mill and continued to do so for almost a<br />

decade. The shaft was then transferred to the<br />

company’s present headquarters on Cliff Street.<br />

It was converted to a 15-horsepower electric<br />

motor powering all the woodworking equipment<br />

until the early 1960s. The original shaft<br />

with drive wheels is still located in the Cliff<br />

Street building’s basement and is available for<br />

public viewing.<br />

The first Johnson brothers learned the planing<br />

mill business from the ground up, manufacturing<br />

products like sashes, doors, windows,<br />

mouldings and cabinets which were used in<br />

their residential contracting business. Johnson<br />

Brothers constructed many of the homes on<br />

Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Streets in the Crow’s<br />

Addition of Idaho Falls. A true family business,<br />

Eno and wife Lelah, spent the first six months of<br />

their marriage living in a tent on an Arco jobsite<br />

while company crews built the Butte <strong>County</strong><br />

Courthouse and Arco Masonic Temple. Lelah<br />

not only washed workers’<br />

clothes in the nearby creek,<br />

but also cooked three hearty<br />

meals for them each day.<br />

The Johnson Brothers survived<br />

the Great Depression<br />

by negotiating government<br />

contracts and building several<br />

schools, churches and<br />

service stations. In the mid<br />

to late 1930s, management<br />

was transferred from Eno,<br />

Adolph and Ernie Johnson<br />

to Eno and Gene (Frederick’s<br />

son) Johnson. By the 1950s,<br />

architectural woodworking<br />

became the company’s mainstay,<br />

with its first major millwork<br />

project being the Idaho<br />

1 4 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


Falls High School and Idaho<br />

Falls Civic Auditorium. These<br />

cabinets and millwork are still<br />

in use today more than a half<br />

century later.<br />

In the early 1970s, Johnson<br />

Brothers became the distributor<br />

for Formica Brand plastic<br />

laminate, prompting the establishment<br />

of the sales and distribution<br />

division. This division<br />

grew so quickly that it was<br />

soon moved from a small area<br />

in the millwork building to its<br />

own building on Basalt Street.<br />

In 2000, an additional 7,000<br />

square foot showroom was<br />

constructed dedicated to<br />

featuring products such as<br />

doors, windows, mouldings, plastic laminate<br />

and hardware. A second sales and distribution<br />

center in Boise followed in 2005.<br />

Additional expansions to the planing mill<br />

have resulted in divisions devoted to countertops,<br />

wood moulding and wood and hollow<br />

metal doors. Johnson Brothers Planing Mill<br />

continues to produce architectural woodwork<br />

and casework throughout Idaho, Utah,<br />

Wyoming, Montana, Nevada and Oregon for<br />

church facilities, primary and secondary school<br />

projects, financial, hospitals,<br />

government facilities<br />

and medical and<br />

dental offices. Some of<br />

the largest projects<br />

have been the McKay<br />

Dee Hospital in Ogden,<br />

Utah; the Portneuf<br />

Regional Medical Center<br />

in Pocatello, Idaho; and<br />

the Church of Jesus<br />

Christ of Latter Day<br />

Saints Temple in<br />

Portland, Oregon.<br />

The company continues<br />

to be headquartered<br />

in Idaho Falls and is in its<br />

fifth generation of being<br />

family owned and operated.<br />

The current generation<br />

descends from Eno<br />

and Lelah and their daughter, Bernice. Bernice<br />

married Dave Sargis in 1941 and had five children,<br />

all of whom spent many afterschool hours<br />

and vacations sweeping floors and shoveling sawdust.<br />

Three of those children—E. J, David and<br />

Lindsay—own and operate the company today,<br />

with yet another generation already moving up<br />

through the ranks. Johnson Brothers employs<br />

more than fifty people, over half of whom have<br />

been with the company for a decade or more.<br />

For more information, visit www.jbros.com.<br />

✧<br />

Above: The moulding department is<br />

just one of the manufacturing areas<br />

of Johnson Brothers. Computerized<br />

equipment is now used extensively.<br />

Below: The showroom in Idaho Falls<br />

was designed to showcase many of the<br />

products in actual application.<br />

B u i l d i n g a G r e a t e r B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ✦ 1 4 7


THE WATKINS<br />

COMPANY<br />

✧<br />

Top, left: George Watkins, Sr.<br />

Top, right: The founder’s son<br />

Dane Watkins.<br />

“The more things change, the more they<br />

stay the same.” The same could be said of the<br />

property along the greenbelt in Idaho Falls over<br />

the course of the last 100 years. At the turn of the<br />

century, people traveled for miles to cross the<br />

Snake River at Taylor’s Toll Bridge—a gathering<br />

place for those crossing the river as well as the<br />

territorial geese that rose out of the water to<br />

join the gaggle on the shore. There were no falls<br />

then, just the slow moving “Great Snake” and a<br />

settlement called Eagle Rock.<br />

But, as the settlement of Eagle Rock grew<br />

and changed, so did the property along the<br />

river. In fact, Eagle Rock eventually became<br />

Idaho Falls, with significant changes occurring<br />

on both sides of the river. For example, on the<br />

east side, the <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> Courthouse<br />

was built in 1921 followed by the L.D.S.<br />

Temple in 1945. Both remain today. On the<br />

west side of the river, Salt Lake City, Utah<br />

resident George Watkins, Sr., and his wife Hope<br />

started Snake River Equipment Company—a<br />

full-line International Harvester dealership that<br />

serviced southeastern Idaho—in 1941.<br />

Over the next forty years, though there was<br />

little emphasis on the river in the beginning, the<br />

founding Watkins and his family acquired fifteen<br />

acres of rock and sagebrush along the river’s west<br />

bank and grew the business adding real estate,<br />

farming, industrial and irrigation divisions.<br />

“During the early years, there was a gravel road<br />

and a German concentration camp during<br />

World War II. That was pretty much it,” says<br />

Dane Watkins, the founder’s son, a fifteen year<br />

veteran of the Idaho State Senate, and principal<br />

of the present-day Watkins Company. “I have to<br />

give my Dad a lot of credit for his foresight. He<br />

provided the foundation for generations to come.”<br />

In 1981, however, tragedy struck when the<br />

founding Watkins was thrown from a horse<br />

and killed at the family cabin at Hebgen Lake,<br />

Montana. The loss caused the family to consider<br />

other uses for the property along the river. “We<br />

decided to develop the property to take advantage<br />

of such beauty,” Watkins said. “Located just<br />

across from the beautiful falls, we knew it was<br />

a wonderful opportunity to attract businesses.”<br />

They named the development Eagle Rock<br />

Station in honor of the history of the city and,<br />

instead of tearing down the old farm implement<br />

buildings, they cleared out the grease and<br />

remodeled several buildings, which now sit<br />

1 4 8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


upon the very foundations that his father built<br />

in the 1940s. “Our goal was to keep as much of<br />

what Dad started as possible,” says Watkins.<br />

“<strong>Historic</strong>ally a gathering place, it is an ideal location<br />

for restaurants, office space and retail space.”<br />

At the north end of the property is the microbrewery,<br />

Snow Eagle, the very place where George<br />

Watkins used to have his office. Today, whether<br />

winter or summer, it is a fantastic place to eat, shop<br />

and watch the falls. In the summer, in fact, you<br />

can sit at tables on the sidewalk and listen to the<br />

powerful roll of the falls. The Idaho Falls Chamber<br />

of Commerce is at the south end of the development,<br />

facing Broadway. In between the two, there<br />

are a number of other restaurants, offices and shops.<br />

As interest in the river has grown, so has<br />

the development. Behind Eagle Rock Station, the<br />

Watkins family has developed Chili’s, Applebee’s,<br />

Hampton Inn and Commercial Tire. “This is<br />

a perfect continuation of the Eagle Rock development.<br />

The river will always be here.”<br />

Others in the community have come to<br />

appreciate the value of the river. Over the<br />

years, development to the south of Eagle<br />

Rock Station has taken place, specifically<br />

Taylor’s Crossing and more recently, Snake<br />

River Landing. “We were here long before<br />

there was a greenbelt. It is wonderful to see the<br />

community rediscover the river.” Today, the<br />

greenbelt stretches from Freeman Park several<br />

miles south to Ryder Park.<br />

“We love this community, and it has been<br />

good to our family. We remain committed to<br />

ensuring the river remains a gathering place.<br />

Just as in the past, both the geese and people<br />

still come and we are convinced that both<br />

will continue to gather here for many more<br />

generations to come.”<br />

Watkins is married to the former Sherry<br />

McNamara (a former Miss Idaho Falls). They<br />

are the parents of seven children: Tory, Tracey,<br />

Dane, Jr., Damond, Taryn, David and Tiffany.<br />

✧<br />

Above and below: Improvements<br />

to Eagle Rock Station from 1941<br />

to 2012. Eagle Rock Station is<br />

located at 349 River Parkway,<br />

Box 50781, Idaho Falls 83405.<br />

Telephone: 208-523-0800,<br />

Fax: 208-523-0801,<br />

email: thewatkinsco@cs.com.<br />

B u i l d i n g a G r e a t e r B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ✦ 1 4 9


BALL VENTURES,<br />

LLC<br />

✧<br />

Connie and Allen Ball.<br />

Not many people have the ability to visualize<br />

the potential of a gravel pit located on the Snake<br />

River and develop a vision for a premiere riverfront<br />

destination, but that is exactly what happened<br />

with Allen Ball, chairman and founder of<br />

Ball Ventures, LLC and CEO Cortney Liddiard.<br />

“It really wasn’t something you would think<br />

anyone would look at and see potential,” Eric<br />

Isom, Ball Ventures’ chief development officer,<br />

said of the company’s flagship project. “In fact,<br />

a lot of people worked at that gravel pit or<br />

drove by it every single day, but they either<br />

didn’t have the vision nor the ability to do<br />

anything about it.” Ball, however, had both.<br />

In 2001, Ball’s vision led him to purchase<br />

approximately 400 acres, most of it formerly<br />

owned by the concrete and gravel company,<br />

Monroc, Incorporated. Located in the heart of<br />

Idaho Falls where Ball was born, settled with<br />

his wife, Connie, and chose to raise his family,<br />

Ball’s vision was to clean up and develop the<br />

area into an aesthetically pleasing masterplanned<br />

riverfront community where people<br />

could live, work, shop and play, integrating<br />

the elements of daily life into one convenient<br />

location near Interstate 15 and on the beautiful<br />

Snake River.<br />

Liddiard was an integral part of taking Ball’s<br />

vision to a reality, along with a skilled management<br />

team including a talented development<br />

division, construction management, marketing<br />

and an expert legal team. Liddiard led the new<br />

company in demolishing the Monroc structures<br />

and creating the new development’s infrastructure<br />

and roads, the first road completed being<br />

Snake River Parkway, connecting Sunnyside<br />

Road near the Interstate 15 interchange to<br />

Pancheri Drive and the rest of downtown Idaho<br />

Falls. Official groundbreaking ceremonies for<br />

the project took place in 2007 and today, the<br />

area continues to be transformed into a blend<br />

of restaurants, retail space, Class A offices,<br />

recreational amenities and residential homes,<br />

all woven together by more than six miles of<br />

trail, handsome architecture and stunning<br />

waterfalls and landscaping.<br />

Firm believers that strong community is<br />

based on human connectivity, the Balls are<br />

especially proud of the aesthetic and recreation<br />

elements that punctuate the business and<br />

1 5 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


esidential areas. Residents and visitors are<br />

invited to take a leisurely stroll amidst the<br />

water features and trails or attend one of many<br />

events sponsored or hosted by Snake River<br />

Landing. For many of the events, Snake River<br />

Landing partners with various educational,<br />

charitable and not-for-profit organizations<br />

such as the Art Museum of Eastern Idaho,<br />

Eastern Idaho Technical College, the Greater<br />

Idaho Falls Chamber of Commerce and others.<br />

The Balls will continue the Greenbelt Trail,<br />

including Milligan Park and The Pier, a 4,000<br />

square foot pier overlooking the Snake River;<br />

two areas that became dedicated City of<br />

Idaho Falls space in 2008. In 2010 the Snake<br />

River Landing community was selected as<br />

the location of the Idaho Falls multipurpose<br />

event center. A longtime supporter of the<br />

idea, the Balls offered to donate more than<br />

twenty acres within the development for the<br />

anticipated facility.<br />

While considered the company’s flagship<br />

project, Snake River Landing is only one of<br />

many projects completed or underway for<br />

Ball Ventures, LLC. The company, a privatelyheld<br />

real estate investment, lending, and<br />

development company headquartered at<br />

901 Pier View Drive, Suite 201 within Snake<br />

River Landing, has a proven track record of<br />

successful ventures in twelve states across<br />

the nation. In 2012, it employed approximately<br />

thirty direct employees and up to 500 through<br />

the ownership of various operating companies.<br />

Developments have primarily focused on<br />

office and commercial space as well as hospitality<br />

facilities and include the Hilton Garden Inn<br />

in Idaho Falls, Rail Crossings Shopping Center<br />

in Pocatello, Idaho and Skyway Regional<br />

Shopping Center in Helena, Montana, just to<br />

name a few.<br />

To learn more, visit www.ballventures.com<br />

or www.snakeriverlanding.com.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Snake River Landing Pier<br />

ribbon cutting ceremony July 2008.<br />

Below: Ball Ventures corporate office<br />

building in Snake River Landing.<br />

B u i l d i n g a G r e a t e r B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ✦ 1 5 1


MORGAN<br />

CONSTRUCTION,<br />

INC.<br />

“At the end of the day, we want to make our<br />

customer’s dream property a reality and we<br />

strive to do that while spending less of their<br />

time and money,” says Matt Morgan, founder<br />

and president of Morgan Construction, Inc.—a<br />

Design Build-Value Engineering Contractor with<br />

locations in Boise and Idaho Falls.<br />

Established in 1989, this Idaho-based company<br />

originally specialized solely in the construction<br />

of high-end custom homes, but as its reputation<br />

grew, so did its offerings. In fact, before Morgan<br />

Construction could even celebrate its tenth birthday,<br />

it had already evolved into a true turnkey<br />

operation and, in 1997, officially adopted the title<br />

of Design Build-Value Engineering Contractor.<br />

“This business model, which combines the<br />

efforts of the contractor, the architect, engineers<br />

and specialists under one contract not only provides<br />

substantial savings for our clients, but it<br />

creates a lot less stress for them as well,” says<br />

Morgan, adding that his company completes in<br />

thirty to sixty days what takes four to six<br />

months using conventional approaches. “We<br />

strive to build complete trust from start to finish<br />

and are proud to have those who start out as<br />

clients end as valued friends.”<br />

Morgan Construction has designed, constructed,<br />

renovated or remodeled everything<br />

from large corporate offices, call centers and<br />

heavy equipment storage facilities to intricately-planned<br />

office park developments and more<br />

than 200 medical, dental and commercial<br />

buildings all across Southern Idaho. A thorough<br />

understanding of lease and lease-purchase<br />

programs further assists clients in discovering<br />

preferred locations for their projects and positive<br />

relationships with an extensive network of<br />

financial institutions can help them uncover the<br />

best lending deal possible.<br />

The recipient of multiple awards and the<br />

subject of a host of magazine features, the<br />

company stands behind its work with a 100<br />

percent guarantee. This has allowed Morgan<br />

Construction to withstand the ups and downs<br />

of the varying economy. The company is proud<br />

to call <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> its home and looks<br />

forward to future decades of success.<br />

Please visit www.morgan-construction.com<br />

for more information.<br />

1 5 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


Their business is gaining ground—in the<br />

most literal sense. Founded by two successful<br />

building contractors with a passion and vision<br />

for identifying, purchasing and readying<br />

land for future construction, Custom Land<br />

Development has spent almost a half century<br />

developing and improving Idaho Falls and<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>.<br />

Jack Jensen of Jack Jensen Construction and<br />

Richard “Dick” Skidmore of Skidmore, Inc., both<br />

started businesses in the 1950s before teaming<br />

up in 1965 to add land development to their<br />

menu of services. Their first purchase included<br />

seventy acres from longtime Idaho Falls resident<br />

Rose Nielsen who became the namesake for<br />

what is now an expansive 327 acre subdivision<br />

bordered by Seventeenth Street to the north,<br />

Sunnyside Road to the south, Hitt Road to the<br />

east and Woodruff Avenue to the west.<br />

Though their plans were to continue the<br />

development of residential neighborhoods and<br />

the occasional commercial property, an employee<br />

of the City of Idaho Falls had another idea.<br />

Having just returned from a seminar on the<br />

development of regional malls, the city engineer<br />

suggested that the company’s property on Hitt<br />

Road and Seventeenth Street would be a prime<br />

location for such a mall. Fully embracing the<br />

idea, the duo obtained commercial zoning and<br />

went to work on securing interest from potential<br />

anchors such as JCPenney as well as a purchaser<br />

who shared the vision. The Grand Teton Mall<br />

was built in 1984 and is today the centerpiece of<br />

a booming retail area.<br />

Jensen and Skidmore were both involved in<br />

other developments as well. Jensen, for example,<br />

was a partner in the development of the<br />

Idaho Falls Country Club Golf Course. He<br />

passed away in 1990, but his daughter Linda<br />

Hill immediately assumed his share of the<br />

company. She and Skidmore continue to grow<br />

the business today.<br />

Other developments in Skidmore’s portfolio<br />

include the 4,000-plus acre Comore Loma<br />

and Summerfield subdivisions in Idaho Falls;<br />

Fox Hollow in Ammon; and Deer Creek in<br />

Swan Valley. Current projects under development<br />

are Kingswood Subdivision in Idaho<br />

Falls. Skidmore is still active in the original<br />

Skidmore, Inc., which just recently celebrated<br />

its fifty-fourth anniversary. He proudly works<br />

alongside his sons Randy, Dave and Brett,<br />

in designing and constructing custom homes<br />

and commercial buildings. They also lease<br />

commercial properties and office space.<br />

CUSTOM LAND<br />

DEVELOPMENT<br />

B u i l d i n g a G r e a t e r B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ✦ 1 5 3


EAGLE ROCK<br />

SPECIALTIES,<br />

LLC<br />

Established in April 2009, Eagle Rock<br />

Specialties, LLC, in Idaho Falls is a<br />

wholesale distributor of industrial supplies.<br />

Day or night, the company stands ready<br />

with useful and in-demand parts such as<br />

high strength fasteners, pipe and piping<br />

products, plumbing items, valves, gauges,<br />

instrumentation, actuation, lab supplies,<br />

pumps, railroad and automotive supplies,<br />

raw metals safety supplies and equipment,<br />

gaskets, fire equipment and supplies as well<br />

as air and water filtration supplies.<br />

“If we do not have<br />

what a client needs in our<br />

warehouse, chances are<br />

we have the connections<br />

to get it, no matter how<br />

rare or hard to find,” said<br />

Owner and President Mike<br />

Hendrickson. “On top of<br />

that, we have time definite<br />

delivery options and offer<br />

same day deliveries on<br />

most anything from anywhere<br />

in the country.”<br />

Though Eagle Rock Specialties, LLC, itself<br />

was not established until 2009, its foundation<br />

started more than two decades ago when<br />

Hendrickson began working in the industrial<br />

supply field and then decided that he could<br />

better serve his customers with his own<br />

business. He pulled his family together and<br />

they launched Eagle Rock Specialties, LLC—<br />

his wife Bonnie, son Tony and daughter<br />

Ashley Quiroz as co-owners.<br />

“At Eagle Rock Specialties, we understand<br />

the importance of ‘up-time’; of keeping the job<br />

or piece of equipment up and running,”<br />

Hendrickson says. “Our mission is to help<br />

our client’s minimized costly and frustrating<br />

down-time by supplying the parts they need to<br />

meet their own business goals and demands.”<br />

Primary clients served by Eagle Rock<br />

Specialties, LLC, include Idaho National Lab,<br />

the City of Idaho Falls and other government<br />

agencies, Yellowstone and Glacier National<br />

Parks and a host of industrial contractors<br />

from the Idaho Falls area in addition to a<br />

major industrial contracting firm in Hawaii.<br />

Eagle Rock Specialties, LLC, is in business<br />

to keep other businesses running.<br />

For more information on Eagle Rock<br />

Specialties, LLC, call 208-523-0283 or visit<br />

online at www.eaglerockspecialties.com.<br />

1 5 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


IDAHO STEEL<br />

PRODUCTS,<br />

INC.<br />

The potato—in all its delicious forms—has<br />

become a staple of the American diet. Idaho<br />

Steel Products specializes in manufacturing<br />

stainless steel food processing equipment for<br />

the potato processing industry, so the next time<br />

you enjoy a tater tot you can thank the Idaho<br />

Steel equipment that made it possible.<br />

The Lortz family founded the business in<br />

Idaho Falls in 1918 and Don Lortz and his<br />

company were instrumental in development<br />

of the potato processing industry. One of<br />

the key developments during this ownership<br />

was the rotary former, which is used throughout<br />

the world to produce tater tots, hash<br />

brown patties and other shapes and flavors of<br />

formed potatoes.<br />

Much of the equipment designed and manufactured<br />

by Idaho Steel is still in operation<br />

decades later, a tribute to the skill and care that<br />

goes into the creation of each product.<br />

In 1991, Idaho Steel was sold to Lynn<br />

Bradshaw, a local businessman from Shelley with<br />

experience in potato dehydration. Bradshaw saw<br />

a need for an improved drum dryer for the<br />

industry and his idea for a larger, all stainless<br />

steel drum revolutionized the industry and<br />

opened up new opportunities for the company.<br />

Also during this period, Idaho Steel became a<br />

specialist in potato flake equipment.<br />

Bradshaw also took the company international,<br />

forging a strategic partnership with<br />

Kiremko, a firm in Holland.<br />

Bradshaw retired in 2008 and sold the business<br />

to his sons, Delynn Bradshaw and Alan<br />

Bradshaw, and son-in-law Davis Christensen.<br />

Under their leadership, Idaho Steel purchased<br />

Reyco Systems of Boise and strengthened its ties<br />

with Kiremko.<br />

Idaho Steel Products, including Reyco,<br />

currently employs 165 people and produces<br />

annual revenues of $35 million. Its loyal<br />

customer base includes the top names in the<br />

potato industry worldwide.<br />

Idaho Steel has long been a supporter of<br />

the Eastern Idaho Technical College and also<br />

supports its employees and their causes.<br />

For additional information about Idaho Steel<br />

Products, Inc., visit www.idahosteel.com.<br />

B u i l d i n g a G r e a t e r B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ✦ 1 5 5


PACIFIC WEST<br />

CONSTRUCTION<br />

✧<br />

Below: Idaho Falls LEED Platinum<br />

Apartment project. Pictured from left<br />

to right: Jason, Malia, Lynden, Janice,<br />

Julie and Justin Kunde.<br />

With a great passion for the construction<br />

industry and a desire to bring true quality to<br />

every project, Lynden Kunde has built Pacific<br />

West Construction (PWC) in Idaho Falls into<br />

a family-owned and operated business with a<br />

solid foundation.<br />

“And that foundation is our dedication to<br />

quality and our customer’s complete satisfaction,”<br />

says Kunde. “We love and demand quality<br />

for our customers and it is our one goal for every<br />

project we take on.”<br />

Being a true family business, Kunde’s sons,<br />

Jason and Justin, are both following in their<br />

father’s footsteps. Having grown up around<br />

and worked in the construction industry all<br />

their lives, they have become an integral part<br />

of the company alongside their father. Both<br />

serve as project managers running office<br />

operations and working closely with their core<br />

members in the field.<br />

Pacific West Construction was founded in<br />

1989 when Kunde—at the time a highlyregarded<br />

and respected estimator in Idaho<br />

Falls—began to recognize the demand for a<br />

contractor Dedicated to Quality. Though work<br />

was scarce at first, the PWC reputation grew<br />

quickly. Today, PWC has completed more than<br />

$200 million worth of work on a broad range of<br />

projects to include hospitals, churches, lodges,<br />

libraries, schools, hotels, multifamily dwellings<br />

and magnificent custom log homes.<br />

The company’s flagship project as a custom<br />

builder was Flagg Ranch Resort Lodge—a<br />

breath-taking resort in northwestern Wyoming.<br />

This project further fueled Pacific West’s reputation<br />

and popularity throughout Wyoming,<br />

Idaho, and Montana making custom-built,<br />

multimillion dollar homes<br />

and residential developments<br />

the company’s specialty.<br />

The past two years<br />

they have been involved in<br />

remodeling and preserving<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Downtown Idaho<br />

Falls, including the Earl<br />

Building, Pachangas, and<br />

Idahoan. They have taken<br />

an active approach specializing<br />

in Leadership in<br />

Energy and Environmental<br />

Design or LEED development<br />

projects, building<br />

two multifamily projects<br />

in Idaho Falls and having<br />

received the highest<br />

award of LEED Platinum<br />

Certification, making them<br />

Idaho’s first LEED developer.<br />

They continue to be a<br />

leader in this field.<br />

For more information on<br />

Pacific West Construction,<br />

call 208-525-2645 or visit<br />

www.pwcquality.com.<br />

1 5 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


VENTURE ONE<br />

PROPERTIES<br />

JAVA ESPRESS ®<br />

AND<br />

JUICE JUNGLE ®<br />

With his finger on the pulse of the Eastern<br />

Idaho real estate market since 2001, Principal<br />

Broker and Owner Shane Murphy has made<br />

Venture One Properties the area’s leading<br />

provider for commercial real estate.<br />

By fully understanding the market, knowing<br />

how to coordinate multimarket expansions, dispositions<br />

and investment properties, cultivating<br />

relationships with and between property owners,<br />

major tenants, and government agencies,<br />

Venture One is essentially a one-stop-shop for<br />

clients locating in Eastern Idaho—clients such<br />

as Red Robin, UPS, Gold’s Gym, Walgreens and<br />

GSA. The company specializes in local retail,<br />

industrial, professional office, investment and<br />

land development transactions; is an avid supporter<br />

and member of Grow Idaho Falls, Inc.,<br />

Eastern Idaho’s economic development council,<br />

ICSC International Council of Shopping Centers<br />

and other local and national associations; and<br />

also manages multimillion dollar retail and office<br />

land projects in Pocatello and Idaho Falls as well.<br />

For more information on Venture One<br />

Properties, call 208-542-7979 or visit online at<br />

www.ventureoneproperties.com.<br />

Recognizing that specialty coffee was fast<br />

becoming one of the hottest commodities in the<br />

food service market, entrepreneur and Chief<br />

Executive Officer Shane Murphy founded Java<br />

Espress ® —a drive-thru coffee beverage chain—<br />

in 1993 in Idaho Falls.<br />

In 2004, Juice Jungle was added to the mix to<br />

serve up gourmet fresh fruit smoothies, and today<br />

the combined business—Java Espress ® and Juice<br />

Jungle ® —have proven to be “The Perfect Blend,”<br />

the perfect blend of Specialty Coffee Blends as well<br />

as the perfect addition of real fresh fruit and coffee<br />

smoothies. With its unique building design, flow,<br />

recipes second to none, and the continued development<br />

of products and efficiency, it has not only<br />

become one of the most successful drive-thru gourmet<br />

beverage establishments in Idaho, but is also<br />

developing franchise opportunities for others to be<br />

successful branching out into six western states.<br />

The Java Espress ® and Juice Jungle ® franchise<br />

opportunity has been developed and is offered by<br />

Murphy and parent company, KoolBeanz, Inc.<br />

For more information, call (208) 529-4552<br />

or visit online at www.javaespress.com and<br />

http://www.facebook.com/JavaEspress.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Shane Murphy.<br />

B u i l d i n g a G r e a t e r B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ✦ 1 5 7


WHEELER<br />

ELECTRIC, INC.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Doug, Dick and Jeff Wheeler.<br />

Below: Current office building in<br />

Idaho Falls, Idaho.<br />

If there was ever a business wired for success,<br />

it is most certainly Wheeler Electric, Inc. in<br />

Idaho Falls, Idaho.<br />

Founded by John Richard “Dick” Wheeler a<br />

half century ago, Wheeler Electric is, in fact,<br />

Eastern Idaho’s largest electrical contracting<br />

firm. A new, but talented electrician, Dick<br />

Wheeler started out in 1962 with little more<br />

than a dream and plenty of encouragement,<br />

particularly from neighbor, friend and former<br />

Department of Energy coworker Vic Owens.<br />

His first contract earned him a whopping $450<br />

for wiring a small<br />

post office in Arco,<br />

Idaho, and his second<br />

contract—a remodeling<br />

job for a local<br />

junior high school—<br />

not only earned him<br />

more than $14,000,<br />

but also ignited a<br />

momentum of electrifying<br />

magnitude<br />

that continues today.<br />

Wheeler Electric<br />

provides award-winning services to a broad range<br />

of clients—from residential to multimillion dollar<br />

commercial and industrial projects, not just in<br />

Idaho Falls, but throughout the state and nation.<br />

Indeed, whether hooking up a clothes dryer,<br />

working on a 290 foot tall windmill, installing<br />

the lights that illuminate the streets or a ball<br />

field such as Idaho Falls’ own Melaleuca Field;<br />

whether wiring a luxury ski resort or other commercial<br />

property or institutional facility, such<br />

as BYU-I Manwaring Center or ISU Stephens<br />

Performing Arts Center; whether performing<br />

highly technical work at a malting plant,<br />

Wheeler Electric tackles every job the same—<br />

with experience, pride, excellent workmanship<br />

and a commitment to customer service. It is<br />

no wonder that annual revenues are consistently<br />

in the eight digit range despite characteristic<br />

fluctuations in the construction industry.<br />

A true family business, Wheeler’s wife,<br />

LaRae, spent many years taking care of the<br />

company’s books and both of their sons also<br />

joined their parents in the business—Doug in<br />

1978 and Jeff just one year later. Today, yet a<br />

third generation of Wheelers are moving up<br />

the ranks, with Jeff’s sons Jeremy and Cody<br />

and Doug’s son Josh all learning the ropes. In<br />

addition to biological family, Wheeler Electric<br />

also has an extended family of dedicated<br />

employees—a dozen office employees and<br />

approximately ninety electricians—many of<br />

who have worked alongside the Wheelers for<br />

more than two decades.<br />

Please visit www.wheelerelectric.com for<br />

more information.<br />

1 5 8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


NBW<br />

ARCHITECTS,<br />

P.A.<br />

NBW Architects, P.A., a full-service architectural<br />

firm, was established more than fifty years<br />

ago by Architect Max L. Call, who opened his<br />

practice in a small office on Second Street in<br />

Idaho Falls. Call then designed a new office on<br />

John Adams Parkway that remains the firm’s<br />

location today.<br />

Originally established in 1959 as a sole proprietorship,<br />

the firm incorporated in 1980 with<br />

long-time associates Scott L. Nielson and Kevin<br />

R. Bodily joining Call in ownership of the firm.<br />

Call retired from active practice in December<br />

1993, and the firm became Nielson Bodily and<br />

Associates, P.A. in January 1995. James H. Wyatt<br />

joined the firm in 2003 and, in 2009; the name<br />

was changed to NBW Architects, P.A.<br />

NBW Architects, P.A., has an outstanding<br />

reputation for design and has been involved in<br />

many fine building projects in the region,<br />

including new buildings, additions and remodeling<br />

projects of various sizes for schools,<br />

business offices, churches and institutional<br />

organizations. The firm’s emphasis is on strong<br />

client relationships and sound, conservative<br />

design. The firm’s objectives for each project are<br />

to be within budget, within schedule, to be<br />

functional and to be aesthetically pleasing.<br />

NBW projects have included Kenworth Sales<br />

Company in Salt Lake City, Melaleuca Field,<br />

Bank of Commerce, Sunrise Elementary School<br />

New Rigby High School and the Stephens<br />

Performing Arts Center at Idaho State University.<br />

NBW has completed projects for most of the<br />

school districts in the area, Idaho State<br />

University and BYU-Idaho. Over the years, NBW<br />

Architects have worked on about every LDS<br />

church and school building in <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong><br />

and throughout south east Idaho.<br />

The firm currently employs twelve people<br />

including an interior designer and several<br />

licensed architects.<br />

For more information about NBW Architects,<br />

P.A., visit www.nbwarchitects.com.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Melaleuca Field.<br />

Below: NBW projects include<br />

The Broadway Branch of The Bank<br />

of Commerce.<br />

B u i l d i n g a G r e a t e r B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ✦ 1 5 9


D.V. GROBERG<br />

✧<br />

Above: Delbert and Jennie Groberg.<br />

Delbert V. Groberg started his company in<br />

downtown Idaho Falls in 1929 at the age of<br />

twenty-three, one year before he married his<br />

wife of seventy-four years, Jennie Holbrook. He<br />

started out in insurance, but then branched<br />

out into real estate development and became a<br />

pioneer in real estate appraising.<br />

Born in Idaho Falls<br />

in 1906, Groberg was<br />

orphaned just three<br />

years later and—<br />

although relatives in<br />

Utah took him in with<br />

open arms—Idaho was<br />

always his home. He<br />

returned to <strong>Bonneville</strong><br />

<strong>County</strong> in 1928, both<br />

to raise his family as<br />

well as help build up<br />

the community.<br />

With boundless energy<br />

and interest in<br />

growing and enriching<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>,<br />

Groberg was instrumental<br />

in bringing Idaho<br />

National Laboratory<br />

(INL) and helped found<br />

the KID Broadcasting<br />

Corporation, the Land Title Company and the<br />

Bank of Commerce in Idaho Falls, as well as<br />

many real estate projects. He served as president<br />

or chairman of various local organizations<br />

and his wife, Jennie, served in many school,<br />

community and music organizations.<br />

Groberg also chaired many committees that<br />

established Idaho Falls as a leader in patriotic<br />

activities. As a matter of fact, during the<br />

Bicentennial of the U. S. Constitution, radio<br />

commentator Paul Harvey announced on the<br />

air that “<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> in Idaho is a place<br />

to go for a major celebration” and the Idaho 7th<br />

District Bar Association chose Groberg for their<br />

Liberty Bell award.<br />

And even though he was blessed financially,<br />

Groberg never strove to become wealthy. He<br />

shared liberally and always encouraged others<br />

to invest in the area to make <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong><br />

a great place to raise a family. He and Jennie<br />

truly loved the Idaho Falls valley and the many<br />

friends they made there. They presided over the<br />

Idaho Falls Temple and reared eleven children,<br />

seven of whom returned to Idaho Falls to work<br />

and raise families of their own.<br />

Passing along his love for community to his<br />

family, Groberg had a son who served for many<br />

years on the Idaho Falls City council and,<br />

today, three of his sons own and three of his<br />

grandsons work in the business that he started<br />

more than eight decades ago. Presently, the<br />

business concentrates on real estate developments<br />

and financial management.<br />

1 6 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


HOLST<br />

TRUCK PARTS<br />

When a young Ted Holst hopped a Seattlebound<br />

freight train in the early 1930s just so he<br />

could attend mechanical school, no one knew<br />

that the business he would return to Idaho Falls<br />

to build would still be alive, well and growing<br />

some eight decades later.<br />

Founded by Holst in 1932—a time when the<br />

Great Depression had the nation gridlocked—<br />

Holst Truck Parts started out as a shop from<br />

which the young mechanic built and repaired<br />

farm machinery from salvaged cars and trucks.<br />

Raw materials were scarce and struggling farmers<br />

depended on Holst for their equipment needs.<br />

They depended on him so much, in fact, that<br />

when he was drafted into World War II, they<br />

complained until he was granted a deferment.<br />

After the war, when Holst realized that people<br />

seemed more interested in the spare parts he<br />

had thrown out behind the shop, he turned the<br />

business focus to vehicle parts. And, in the early<br />

1970s—just before he decided to retire and turn<br />

the business over to his son—pick-ups and<br />

trucks were added to the company’s specialties.<br />

Though fresh out of high school when he<br />

took over, Jon Holst had already been working<br />

alongside his parents for many years and, in<br />

1975, he and his wife, Shauna, also the company<br />

bookkeeper, officially bought the business.<br />

Together, they grew the company as well as their<br />

family. They had six children, four of which were<br />

boys who all gladly joined the family business.<br />

Today, Christopher, Jon Casey, Dennis and<br />

Michael Holst all still work in the business,<br />

which not only includes Holst Truck Parts,<br />

but also Holst Collision Center, Inc., a division<br />

added in 2009. With twenty-six employees on<br />

the payroll, the company specializes in selling<br />

new, used and rebuilt truck and pickup parts<br />

as well as trucks and trailers for a diversified<br />

clientele such as farmers, ranchers, truckers,<br />

city maintenance departments, school districts<br />

and oil and natural gas companies. In addition<br />

to the parts and collision center operations, the<br />

Holst umbrella also includes full service truck<br />

and transmission repair shops and specializes in<br />

the sale and installation of vacuum and crude oil<br />

pumps as well as in the sale of vacuum trailers.<br />

For more, visit www.holsttruck.com.<br />

HOLST<br />

COLLISION<br />

CENTER, INC.<br />

B u i l d i n g a G r e a t e r B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ✦ 1 6 1


J. R. SIMPLOT<br />

COMPANY<br />

✧<br />

Right: J. R. Simplot, who loved<br />

promoting Idaho and its signature<br />

product, posed for this 1944<br />

photograph as part of a publicity<br />

campaign. He established potato<br />

fresh-pack operations at places all<br />

along the Snake River, including<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>. J. R. passed away<br />

in 2008, but the memory of his life<br />

and legacy will endure, thanks in part<br />

to pictures like this and many other<br />

shots of him that were published over<br />

the years.<br />

J. R. “Jack” Simplot left his Declo, Idaho, home<br />

at age fourteen in 1923 to start what would<br />

become one of the largest privately held food<br />

and agribusiness companies in the United States.<br />

As part of his business ventures during the<br />

early years, Jack opened a string of potato freshpack<br />

sheds all along the Snake River, including<br />

one at Idaho Falls in the 1930s.<br />

In the late 1940s, he opened a Simplot<br />

Soilbuilder retail store in Idaho Falls, making it<br />

one of the first units in a burgeoning organization<br />

that was designed to sell the products being produced<br />

at the new Simplot fertilizer manufacturing<br />

plant in Pocatello. In the late 1980s, the Idaho<br />

Falls store and another unit that had been started<br />

years earlier in Roberts were consolidated into a<br />

new Soilbuilder operation in Osgood. That unit<br />

is still in business today and the organization<br />

has been renamed Simplot Grower Solutions.<br />

In 1989, Simplot dramatically expanded its<br />

potato operations by acquiring Idaho Falls<br />

Bonded Produce and Supply Company, one of<br />

Idaho’s largest fresh packers. That business<br />

was sold in 2002 as Simplot cut back on its<br />

involvement in fresh pack, but the company is<br />

still big in potatoes. Simplot produces and sells<br />

about 3 billion pounds of fries and formed<br />

potato products as well as more than a<br />

thousand other specialty food items.<br />

Worldwide, Simplot employs 10,000 people<br />

and does business in 14 countries on 4 continents.<br />

Annual revenue in fiscal 2012 was $5.6<br />

billion. The company’s headquarters building is<br />

located in Boise, with major operations in North<br />

America, Australia, New Zealand, and China.<br />

The firm specializes in food processing, fertilizer<br />

manufacturing, livestock production, farming,<br />

and other enterprises related to agriculture.<br />

The Simplot pillars—Passion for People, Spirit<br />

of Innovation, and Respect for Resources—are<br />

as relevant today as they were when young Jack<br />

Simplot started his journey toward remarkable<br />

success. As stated in the company mission<br />

statement, Simplot is committed to Bringing<br />

Earth’s Resources to Life.<br />

Visit www.simplot.com for more information.<br />

1 6 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


At Industrial Supply, we do so much more<br />

than offer supplies. We reduce costs. We keep<br />

you stocked with materials that improve your<br />

productivity and increase your return on<br />

investment. We bring you specialized services<br />

and expert training. We do whatever it takes to<br />

help you tool your business for success.<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> Industrial Supply Company (BISCO)<br />

has been in the general industrial supply business<br />

since 1964. After beginning operations on<br />

a small scale, the Idaho Falls store has been<br />

able to grow steadily through decades of up<br />

and down economies. We believe our ability to<br />

provide consistent service, react to market<br />

changes quickly, and meet customers needs and<br />

requirements have been an essential asset to<br />

our growth. In 1986 we built a 30,000 square<br />

foot store, warehouse, and office complex in<br />

Idaho Falls, Idaho. We have branch operations<br />

in Soda Springs, Pocatello and Boise, Idaho.<br />

BISCO is an established and well financed<br />

corporation. All of our facilities maintain similar<br />

inventories, solicit the same type of trade,<br />

and provide excellent backup inventories.<br />

Through our history we have been confronted<br />

with numerous changes in the industry. The<br />

end result has improved our efficiency and ability<br />

to provide customers with a system adapted<br />

to fit their needs. The BISCO Online Store<br />

(www.biscoif.com) is our latest addition to meet<br />

BONNEVILLE INDUSTRIAL SUPPLY CO., INC.<br />

these needs. The Online Store is integrated into<br />

our Idaho Falls computer system to provide<br />

pricing and availability in the various branch<br />

locations. We are beginning the Online Store<br />

inventories with several thousand selected items<br />

and will be making additions to the Online<br />

Store almost on a daily basis. We currently have<br />

over 45,000 inventory line items available in the<br />

four Idaho stores and are always willing to help<br />

wherever we can. Please contact us directly at<br />

208-523-6220 if you cannot locate what you are<br />

looking for on the BISCO Online Store.<br />

B u i l d i n g a G r e a t e r B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ✦ 1 6 3


DOUG ANDRUS<br />

DISTRIBUTING<br />

Though the country was still in the grips of<br />

the Great Depression with almost twenty<br />

percent of Americans unemployed, Doug and<br />

Veatrice Andrus were determined to make their<br />

own way and in 1937 launched a company<br />

that would not only see them through the lean<br />

years, but would become a legacy that would<br />

provide for future generations of family to come<br />

as well.<br />

Celebrating its seventy-fifth anniversary in<br />

2012, Doug Andrus Distributing—for-hire<br />

trucking company headquartered at 6300<br />

South Forty-Fifth West in Idaho Falls, Idaho—<br />

was first passed from Doug and Veatrice to<br />

sons, Heber and Doug, Jr., when the two purchased<br />

the business and its six trucks in the<br />

mid-1970s. The brothers immediately adopted<br />

their parents’ philosophy that “hard work,<br />

integrity and being surrounded by quality<br />

people could bring success<br />

even in the toughest<br />

of times” and, as a result,<br />

grew the company substantially.<br />

In 2006, Doug<br />

Andrus, Jr., retired, selling<br />

his share of the business<br />

to his son-in-law Clay<br />

Murdoch and Heber’s son,<br />

Jason Andrus. Andrus, Jr.,<br />

has since passed away,<br />

but Clay and Jason continue<br />

to run the company<br />

alongside Heber.<br />

And, like those whose<br />

footsteps they follow, these<br />

second and third generation<br />

family members,<br />

proudly stand behind the<br />

company motto “Always<br />

Ready to Serve You” which the founding<br />

Andrus’ established more than three-quarters<br />

of a century ago. It is this dedication to service<br />

excellence that has resulted in a host of awards<br />

for outstanding service and safety over the years<br />

as well as continuing growth.<br />

Doug Andrus Distributing today employs<br />

300 people and boasts a vast fleet of 270 trucks<br />

and 470 trailers, including both refrigerated<br />

and dry van trailers as well as flatbed and bulk<br />

trailers. It offers its truck transportation services<br />

throughout the forty-eight states and western<br />

Canada and additionally specializes in providing<br />

and delivering a host of salt products<br />

from bulk road and water conditioning salts to<br />

food-grade, agricultural and livestock salts.<br />

For more information on Doug Andrus<br />

Distributing, call toll-free at (800) 336-1034 or<br />

visit online at www.dougandrusdistributing.com.<br />

1 6 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


SPONSORS<br />

American Legion Post 56..............................................................................................................................................................95<br />

Anheuser-Busch Idaho Barley and Malting Operations................................................................................................................140<br />

B&B Custom, Inc. ......................................................................................................................................................................138<br />

Ball Ventures, LLC......................................................................................................................................................................150<br />

Bill’s Bike Shop...........................................................................................................................................................................121<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> Industrial Supply Co., Inc. ........................................................................................................................................163<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> Joint School District No. 93 ........................................................................................................................................92<br />

C-A-L Farm & Ranch Stores.......................................................................................................................................................128<br />

Candlewood Suites.....................................................................................................................................................................114<br />

Carpet One Floor & Home/Westergard Moving and Storage .......................................................................................................112<br />

Chesbro Music Company............................................................................................................................................................116<br />

Colonial Theater.........................................................................................................................................................................104<br />

Cornerstone Financial Advisors ..................................................................................................................................................126<br />

Cox, Ohman & Brandstetter, Chartered......................................................................................................................................132<br />

Creekside Home Health & Hospice/Encompass..........................................................................................................................100<br />

Custom Land Development ........................................................................................................................................................153<br />

Development Workshop, Inc. .....................................................................................................................................................102<br />

Doug Andrus Distributing ..........................................................................................................................................................164<br />

D. V. Groberg .............................................................................................................................................................................160<br />

Eagle Rock Specialties, LLC ........................................................................................................................................................154<br />

East Idaho Credit Union.............................................................................................................................................................120<br />

Eastern Idaho Regional Medical Center.......................................................................................................................................101<br />

Eastern Idaho Technical College ...................................................................................................................................................90<br />

Fairwinds-Sandcreek Retirement Community ...............................................................................................................................98<br />

Grow Idaho Falls, Inc.................................................................................................................................................................119<br />

HK Contractors, Inc. ..................................................................................................................................................................142<br />

Holst Truck Parts/Holst Collision Center, Inc..............................................................................................................................161<br />

Idaho Falls Power/City of Idaho Falls Electric Light Division......................................................................................................136<br />

Idaho Falls School District #91.....................................................................................................................................................96<br />

Idaho Falls Symphony................................................................................................................................................................105<br />

Idaho National Laboratory..........................................................................................................................................................144<br />

Idaho Steel Products, Inc............................................................................................................................................................155<br />

InteGrow MaltTM LLC ...............................................................................................................................................................108<br />

Johnson Brothers Planing Mill, Inc. ............................................................................................................................................146<br />

J. R. Simplot Company ...............................................................................................................................................................162<br />

Merrill-Lynch Idaho Falls Branch Office .....................................................................................................................................130<br />

Morgan Construction, Inc...........................................................................................................................................................152<br />

NBW Architects, P.A. ..................................................................................................................................................................159<br />

Nelson Hall Parry Tucker, P.A. ....................................................................................................................................................124<br />

North American Brewer’s Association..........................................................................................................................................131<br />

North Hi-Way Café.....................................................................................................................................................................122<br />

Pacific West Construction...........................................................................................................................................................156<br />

Peak Performance Therapy Services............................................................................................................................................103<br />

The Bank of Commerce ..............................................................................................................................................................123<br />

The Cellar Restaurant .................................................................................................................................................................118<br />

The Greater Idaho Falls Chamber of Commerce .........................................................................................................................129<br />

The Legacy Network...................................................................................................................................................................127<br />

The Watkins Company ...............................................................................................................................................................148<br />

Tobin Cleaning & Restoration ....................................................................................................................................................125<br />

Venture One Properties/Java Espress ® and Juice Jungle ® ...........................................................................................................157<br />

War Bonnet Rodeo .......................................................................................................................................................................94<br />

Wheeler Electric, Inc. .................................................................................................................................................................158<br />

S p o n s o r s ✦ 1 6 5


ABOUT THE AUTHOR<br />

M A R Y J A N E F R I T Z E N<br />

Finding others interested in passing along our heritage to younger generations, the author, Mary Jane Fritzen, organized the<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> Heritage Association in 2004. BCHA partnered with the county commission to celebrate the centennial of<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>–1911-2011. Ann Rydalch, who chaired the year’s end celebration, continued in 2012 as BCHA board chair.<br />

Born in Idaho Falls to Delbert V. and Jennie Holbrook Groberg, Mary Jane grew up with the city during the 1930s. Her dad had<br />

been born in Idaho Falls and her mother in Provo, Utah. Mary Jane graduated from Idaho Falls High School, Brigham Young<br />

University in Provo, and University of Utah (MA). She worked for the Church News department of Deseret News in Salt Lake City<br />

and taught school in Salt Lake City and Idaho Falls. She was married to Achim Fritzen, a native German school teacher at Skyline<br />

High School in Idaho Falls. Their two daughters, Anny and Rosalee, now live in Spokane, Washington, and Sandpoint, Idaho.<br />

Her interest in local history was generated as she assisted her father in the 1980s to write a history of the Idaho Falls LDS Temple.<br />

She has written several family histories and local histories.<br />

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ABOUT THE PHOTO EDITOR<br />

S C O T T<br />

M O S S<br />

Born and raised in Southeastern Idaho, Scott Moss, photo editor, has been an avid outdoorsman and has been photographing the<br />

scenes and wildlife as a hobbyist for the last twenty plus years.<br />

A b o u t t h e P h o t o E d i t o r ✦ 1 6 7


For more information about the following publications or about publishing your own book, please call<br />

<strong>Historic</strong>al Publishing Network at 800-749-9790 or visit www.hpnbooks.com.<br />

Albemarle & Charlottesville:<br />

An Illustrated History of the First 150 Years<br />

Black Gold: The Story of Texas Oil & Gas<br />

Ector <strong>County</strong>, Texas: 125 Years of History<br />

Garland: A Contemporary History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Abilene: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Alamance <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Albuquerque: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Amarillo: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Anchorage: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Austin: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Baldwin <strong>County</strong>: A Bicentennial History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Baton Rouge: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Beaufort <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Beaumont: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Bexar <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Birmingham: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Brazoria <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Brownsville: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Charlotte:<br />

An Illustrated History of Charlotte and Mecklenburg <strong>County</strong><br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Chautauqua <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Cheyenne: A History of the Magic City<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Clayton <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Columbus: A Bicentennial History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Comal <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Corpus Christi: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> DeKalb <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Denton <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Edmond: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> El Paso: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Erie <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Fayette <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Fairbanks: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Gainesville & Hall <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Gregg <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Hampton Roads: Where America Began<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Hancock <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Henry <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Hood <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Houston: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Hunt <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Illinois: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Kern <strong>County</strong>:<br />

An Illustrated History of Bakersfield and Kern <strong>County</strong><br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Lafayette:<br />

An Illustrated History of Lafayette & Lafayette Parish<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Laredo:<br />

An Illustrated History of Laredo & Webb <strong>County</strong><br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Las Cruces: The Story of Las Cruces & The Mesilla Valley<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Lee <strong>County</strong>: The Story of Fort Myers & Lee <strong>County</strong><br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Louisiana: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Mansfield: A Bicentennial History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Midland: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Mobile:<br />

An Illustrated History of the Mobile Bay Region<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Montgomery <strong>County</strong>:<br />

An Illustrated History of Montgomery <strong>County</strong