Historic Bonneville County

An illustrated history of Bonneville County area, paired with the histories of companies, families and organizations that make the region great.

An illustrated history of Bonneville County area, paired with the histories of companies, families and organizations that make the region great.


You also want an ePaper? Increase the reach of your titles

YUMPU automatically turns print PDFs into web optimized ePapers that Google loves.

Thank you for your interest in this HPNbooks publication.<br />

For more information about other HPNbooks publications, or information about<br />

producing your own book with us, please visit www.hpnbooks.com.



A Centennial History<br />

by Mary Jane Fritzen<br />

A publication of the Greater Idaho Falls<br />

Chamber of Commerce<br />

HPNbooks<br />

A division of Lammert Incorporated<br />

San Antonio, Texas

✧<br />

The Falls.<br />



First Edition<br />

Copyright © 2012 HPNbooks<br />

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, without permission in writing<br />

from the publisher. All inquiries should be addressed to HPNbooks, 11535 Galm Road, Suite 101, San Antonio, Texas, 78254, (800) 749-9790, www.hpnbooks.com.<br />

ISBN: 978-1-935377-98-6<br />

Library of Congress Card Catalog Number: 2012951377<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>: A Centennial History<br />

author: Mary Jane Fritzen<br />

photograph editor: Scott Moss<br />

contributing writers for sharing the heritage: Brenda Thompson, Joe Goodpasture, Garnette Bane<br />

HPNbooks<br />

president: Ron Lammert<br />

project manager: Bart Barica<br />

administration: Donna M. Mata, Melissa G. Quinn<br />

book sales: Dee Steidle<br />

production: Colin Hart, Evelyn Hart, Glenda Tarazon Krouse, Tony Quinn<br />

2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y



5 INTRODUCTION Purpose of the book<br />

6 SEASONS OF TIMELESS BEAUTY Photographs courtesy of Scott Moss<br />

10 CHAPTER 1 Before the Bridge<br />

12 CHAPTER 2 Taylor’s Bridge<br />

15 CHAPTER 3 Railroad and Agriculture, 1879-1889<br />

19 CHAPTER 4 Idaho Falls Begins, 1891-1910<br />

30 CHAPTER 5 <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> Formed, 1911<br />

34 CHAPTER 6 City Expands Downtown, 1911-1930<br />

38 CHAPTER 7 City Growth Highlights to 1945<br />

42 CHAPTER 8 Atomic Energy Arrives and Culture Thrives<br />

46 CHAPTER 9 Irrigation and Palisades Dam<br />

49 CHAPTER 10 Ammon<br />

51 CHAPTER 11 Bone<br />

52 CHAPTER 12 Coltman<br />

54 CHAPTER 13 Dehlin<br />

55 CHAPTER 14 Iona<br />

57 CHAPTER 15 Grays Lake and Caribou Mountain<br />

61 CHAPTER 16 Lincoln<br />

63 CHAPTER 17 New Sweden<br />

65 CHAPTER 18 Osgood<br />

67 CHAPTER 19 Ozone<br />

69 CHAPTER 20 Ririe, Shelton, Poplar, Antelope<br />

73 CHAPTER 21 Swan Valley<br />

75 CHAPTER 22 Taylor<br />

78 CHAPTER 23 Ucon<br />

80 CHAPTER 24 York<br />

82 CHAPTER 25 <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>: Celebrating 100 Years<br />

84 ENDNOTES<br />


167 SPONSORS<br />



C o n t e n t s ✦ 3


Many hands make an illustrated county history possible.<br />

For the first chapters, which chronicle a history of <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> and Idaho Falls, I relied on initial encouragement from my<br />

brothers Joe and Dick Groberg, as well as lifetime experiences from my father, Delbert V. Groberg. Dad and I earlier worked with<br />

historians Edith Haroldsen Lovell, Merrill D. Beal, and Leonard J. Arrington (each now deceased), and I have since studied their<br />

writings. The Post-Register has recorded our local history from its beginning. David Pennock and the Museum of Idaho’s archivists<br />

LaDean Harmston and Judy House have given unselfish service to answer local history questions. Dave Radford, county<br />

commissioner; Ann Rydalch, county centennial event chair; historians Joseph Stewart, Susan Mardis and others have assisted me<br />

for several years to commemorate our centennial. Paul Jenkins produced a much-valued DVD containing interviews and short<br />

community histories, which was shown at our celebration. Lavon Reed has video-taped our history programs for the Museum’s<br />

Reading and Reference room. Photographs of county officials past and present were collected by Joseph Stewart and others; they are<br />

displayed in the county courthouse rotunda.<br />

Scott Moss, photo editor, has provided pictures from many sources, and Davidjohn Stosich, maps. Connie Otteson, Earline Reid,<br />

and Bruce Bash have given editorial assistance. We acknowledge use of writing by Cheryl Cox, Harold Forbush, D. V. Groberg,<br />

Margaret Hawkes Lindsley, Monte A. Mason, Jolyn Wyatt, Barbara Watson, Ron Harker, Jim Bennett, Bradley P. Bugger (INL), and<br />

Chesbro Music Company.<br />

For the short histories of the many communities which compose our county, I acknowledge work of the following local historians:<br />

Aleen Jensen (Ammon); Reed Moss (Antelope), Amy McClellan (Bone), Frank Randall, Ina Rasmussen, Kathy Moore, Lee Wilkins<br />

(Coltman); Jean Schwieder (Dehlin); Ellen Carney Nelson and Dave Radford (Grays Lake and Caribou Mountain); Zo Ann Simmons,<br />

Linden Bateman and Betty McKinlay (Iona); Jack Scott and Ron Harker (Lincoln); Susan Mardis (New Sweden); Joseph Stewart<br />

(Osgood); John P. Martinson and Helen McMullin (Palisades Dam); Connie Otteson (Ozone); Becky Freeman (Ririe); Afton Bitton<br />

(Swan Valley area); Bob and Jane Hoff, Lynn Clapp, and Doyle Arave (Taylor); Caroline Mackay, Bruce Bash, Sherrol and Karen Landon<br />

(Ucon); Gordon Moir and Nancy Moir (York).<br />

We also thank Helen McMullin, Rachel Robbins, Emily Murdock and others for their assistance. Rob Chiles, president CEO of<br />

Idaho Falls Chamber of Commerce, and the C of C will be responsible for book sales.<br />

Among previous county histories consulted are <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> in the Making (1941) by Barzilla Clark; Captain <strong>Bonneville</strong>’s<br />

<strong>County</strong> (1963) by Edith Haroldsen Lovell; and Beautiful <strong>Bonneville</strong> (1989), edited by a committee headed by Alice Horton [Crockett].<br />

Edith Lovell has also researched and published a valuable history of Captain <strong>Bonneville</strong>, Benjamin <strong>Bonneville</strong>, Soldier of the American<br />

Frontier (1992).<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> Heritage Association published a county history book for use in fourth grade Idaho History classes. It is<br />

George Brunt, Young Pioneer of Eagle Rock (2009) by Connie Otteson. Our BCHA committee of fourth grade teachers headed by<br />

Todd Brown selected the author and supervised the writing and publication of this award-winning and recommended historical<br />

story book. They also produced a useful teacher’s supplement by Deanna Hovey of BYU-Idaho faculty. (For more information,<br />

see <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> Heritage Association, www.bonnevilleheritage.org.)<br />

Our year-long centennial celebration would not have been possible without the help from our Centennial Sponsors and Supporters:<br />

Delbert V. & Jennie H. Groberg Family Trust, Eastern Idaho Regional Medical Center, Farr Candy Company, Idaho National<br />

Laboratory, Intermountain Film & Video Productions Company, Idaho Travertine Corporation, Melaleuca, Inc., Museum of Idaho,<br />

Post-Register, Rocky Mountain Power, The Smith Group, U.S. Department of Energy Idaho Operations Office, Jim’s Trophy Room,<br />

Kris Burnham, Lori McNamara, Richard H. Groberg, and William & Jeanne Rigby.<br />

4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


“Family Friendly” describes <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>. Even the toll bridge enterprise included a family as revealed in the 1870 census<br />

of Eagle Rock Post Office, Snake River District, Oneida <strong>County</strong>, Idaho. Although the elements of weather and location were harshly<br />

unfriendly, Matt Taylor, the bridge-builder, brought his young family here for a few years. While most residents of this outpost were<br />

men who worked at mining or for the stage, yet the household of James Taylor, age 41, included his wife, J. L. (Jane LeGrand), 38,<br />

and their four children—Mary, 14; Oliver, 11; Robert, 4, and Jennie, 1. Several other relatives of Taylor and Anderson also settled<br />

in Eagle Rock, later named Idaho Falls. 1 After about 1871, when Matt Taylor and his family returned to Missouri, 2 Robert Anderson,<br />

Taylor’s brother-in-law, became responsible for the bridge and the business. Robert and his brother Jack founded the Anderson<br />

Brothers bank and mercantile business.<br />

Robert Anderson deserves the title of “first citizen” of Idaho Falls. He was first postmaster in 1866, started the first bank and store<br />

and conducted business here most of his life. He had to “go it” alone for several years at first until his brother Jack joined in the<br />

Idaho enterprise, enabling Robert to return to Missouri, where Robert was married when he was about 48. The newlyweds returned<br />

to Idaho, but also kept a farm in Missouri. His Idaho Falls household in the 1900 census included his wife, Alice; his married brother<br />

Jack, their aunt, Jane Holt, 77; and a servant, Ellis Van Winkle, 30. Robert died in a buggy accident in Missouri in 1904.<br />

Eagle Rock, also known as Taylor’s bridge, was principally a toll bridge river crossing until the railroad came in 1879. From then<br />

on hundreds of second generation Mormon families from Utah homesteaded and organized communities in the area. 3 Other settlers<br />

came from mid-western states, for example, the Swedish-speaking settlers of New Sweden. From its beginning Eagle Rock fostered<br />

schools and churches for Mormons, Protestants and Catholics. People looked after their old folks, who often came to live with their<br />

children and grandchildren.<br />

P U R P O S E O F T H E B O O K<br />

I appreciated a friend’s sympathy when she asked me why I accepted this job. Writing a history of <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> is<br />

heavy duty; its weight must be shared by many. You may be interested in my answer. When Bart Barica called me last fall for<br />

recommendations of possible writers for a county history for his client, <strong>Historic</strong>al Publications Network, I exempted myself. As chair<br />

of <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> Heritage Association, engaged in its centennial celebration, I knew of various other qualified writers.<br />

Later, when Bart offered me the job, I chose to reconsider it because of one special asset—the Power Point presentations given<br />

by about twenty community historians during the past several years. These presentations had been shortened with the help of<br />

Joe Stewart for a DVD produced for Ann Rydalch by Paul Jenkins. We could use these capsule histories. Sure we had the DVD, an<br />

Internet site [<strong>Bonneville</strong>heritage.org], and interested audiences had attended our lectures; but now an attractive coffee-table book<br />

could further preserve our heritage.<br />

HPN’s method was to obtain a local author and sponsoring organization, and to sell business profile pages, showing contributions<br />

of specific businesses. These “paid” pages would be prepared separately from the body of the book and would pay for the<br />

publication. As author, I had no role in the “profiles.” This system left marketing up to the local sponsor, The Idaho Falls Chamber<br />

of Commerce. With a six-months’ deadline and limitations on both words and photos, I became the author and enlisted Scott Moss<br />

to be photo editor.<br />

This concise history begins with some photos of timeless<br />

beauties. Its first seven chapters chronologically summarize some<br />

highlights of our county’s development from the 1800s until about<br />

1945. Chapters 8 and 9 add the nuclear laboratory and the Palisade<br />

Dam, which came later. Short histories of each community comprise<br />

the second part of the book; they are arranged alphabetically as<br />

chapters 10-24. The concluding chapter describes our centennial<br />

celebration in 2011. Hopefully readers will find additional stories<br />

and interest in their heritage beyond the pages of this book.<br />

Short on words but well-illustrated, this book can help preserve<br />

our pioneer heritage and transmit essential values to our youth.<br />

I n t r o d u c t i o n ✦ 5

Spring<br />

✧ Balsam Root on Pine Creek Pass.<br />

✧ Wildflowers in Southeastern Idaho.<br />

✧ Wildflower at Grays Lake.<br />

✧ Tulips in Idaho Falls.<br />

✧ Spring flower on forest floor.<br />

✧ Wildflowers along Palisades Creek Trail.<br />

6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


✧ Floating the Snake River below Heise.<br />

✧ Blue Angels Air Show in Idaho Falls.<br />

✧ Japanese lantern at Sportsman Park.<br />

✧ View of Rainey Creek in Swan Valley.<br />

Summer<br />

✧ Monument at Taylor’s Crossing.<br />

✧ Abandoned International truck near Dehlin.<br />

S e a s o n s o f T i m e l e s s B e a u t y ✦ 7

Fall<br />

✧ Fall rainbow near Antelope Flats.<br />

✧ Aspen leaves in Swan Valley.<br />

✧ Fall hillside in Skyline Ridge.<br />


✧ Fall colors on Palisades Creek.<br />

✧ Old home near Antelope Flats.<br />

8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

✧ Christmas time on the Green Belt.<br />

✧ First snow in Idaho Falls.<br />

✧ Diamond dust on Palisades Creek.<br />

✧ Winter farm scene south of Idaho Falls.<br />

Winter<br />

✧ Frosty morning in Swan Valley.<br />

✧ Winter in Tautphaus Park.<br />

S e a s o n s o f T i m e l e s s B e a u t y ✦ 9

CHAPTER 1<br />

B E F O R E T H E B R I D G E<br />

✧<br />

Above: Eagle Rock ferry site about<br />

nine miles north of Broadway Bridge.<br />


Captain Benjamin L. E. <strong>Bonneville</strong> deserved to have a county named for him. Ever since Lewis<br />

and Clark first experienced this western country in 1805, the land beckoned explorers. John Jacob<br />

Astor, Wilson Price Hunt, and Andrew Henry were probably the first-known white men to camp in<br />

the Upper Snake River valley in about 1811. Nathaniel Wyeth established Fort Hall in 1834.<br />

Although trappers found rich rewards in beaver skins in the early 1800s, it was not until after<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong>’s expeditions in 1832-34 that the land was fully explored. It was another forty years until<br />

anyone seriously considered settlement in what is now <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>.<br />

Edith Lovell, county historian and Captain <strong>Bonneville</strong> biographer, verified Washington Irving’s<br />

image of him as an earnest, friendly and courteous man, whose persistent faith in human rights “was<br />

equaled only by his appreciation of nature’s boundless wonders. In his old age perhaps [his] best<br />

[memories] were of his years in the fur-trade and Indian world of the Rockies, living with ambition,<br />

eagerness, and a splendid dream.” 4<br />

Idaho Falls began with Taylor’s Bridge, but before the bridge, native Americans (Shoshoni and<br />

Northern Paiute or Bannock), frequented the area. Explorers, trappers, missionaries, and freighters<br />

all preceded any permanent settlement.<br />

Idaho was a late bloomer. It has a varied geography. While most of the state is mountainous,<br />

southeast Idaho is on the Snake River plains, the largest non-mountainous area on the state map. 5<br />

In the 1840s it seemed a hopeless sagebrush desert to John C. Fremont, whose maps helped open<br />

up the west to settlement. Beginning in 1847, Utah was settled by the Mormons. Several years<br />

later their leader Brigham Young, called missionaries to go north into Idaho to live with the Indians<br />

1 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

and teach them Christianity and farming skills.<br />

The location they chose was in the Salmon<br />

River country, just a few miles from Lewis<br />

and Clark’s famous Seventy-Mile Camp of<br />

1805, the first campground of white people<br />

in Idaho. 6 Fort Lemhi was Idaho’s first white<br />

farming community. It lasted just three years<br />

until difficulties forced its abandonment in<br />

1858. Nevertheless those missionaries had<br />

become acquainted with the country, and<br />

some later returned to settle in what is now<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>.<br />

Permanent settlement in Idaho began during<br />

the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln signed a bill<br />

creating Idaho Territory in 1863. It included<br />

Montana and most of Wyoming and was at first<br />

larger than Texas but was soon carved down to<br />

near its present size. Its settlement was influenced<br />

by people fleeing the war. Thousands had<br />

trekked through the area on their way to Oregon<br />

or California when Idaho was part of the<br />

Oregon Territory, and they crossed it heading<br />

for the California gold rush in 1849, but the<br />

story changed when gold was discovered in<br />

Idaho and Montana. “Idaho gained its reputation<br />

as a mining territory in the 1860s and drew<br />

thousands of adventurers to its mountain-fast<br />

treasures.” 7 Placer mining and panning for gold<br />

were the norm. Hundreds of young unmarried<br />

men were attracted to this kind of mining<br />

because it required only simple tools, devices<br />

and hard work. “The typical picture of a mining<br />

district is not one of shooting up saloons<br />

and robbing the stage and express companies,<br />

but of hundreds of men toiling in the hot<br />

sun to earn a worthwhile pouch of dust.” 8<br />

Mt. Caribou, located in the southeastern part<br />

of present <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>, produced about<br />

$1.2 million in gold beginning in 1870. The<br />

peak of Idaho’s mining was in the 1880s.<br />

It was the Montana mines that brought<br />

freighting through eastern Idaho. Montana<br />

mining camps relied on food supplies from<br />

Utah. 9 Ben Holladay stage lines received a<br />

contract for tri-weekly mail deliveries from<br />

Salt Lake City to Virginia City, Montana, by way<br />

of Cache Valley, Fort Hall, Eagle Rock and<br />

Beaver Canyon (Spencer). In January 1864 the<br />

state legislature incorporated this large area<br />

into the new Oneida <strong>County</strong>. Its county seat<br />

was Soda Springs, then later Malad—both a<br />

long journey from Eagle Rock.<br />

Freighting was a lucrative business. “Discovery<br />

of gold at Grasshopper Creek in Western Montana<br />

led to a flood of traffic from Northern Utah<br />

through Eastern Idaho to Montana.” 10 About half<br />

of Montana’s imports of food and supplies came<br />

by ox and mule team over this route. Freighters<br />

were sometimes from Cache Valley but more<br />

often from Nevada or the Great Plains states.<br />

Freight loads included flour, eggs, butter,<br />

potatoes and salt. Oneida Salt Works, located<br />

85 miles southeast of Eagle Rock, shipped a<br />

huge amount of salt. Tea, coffee, tobacco and<br />

mining supplies came from Corrine, Utah, after<br />

the transcontinental railroad was completed<br />

there in May 1869.<br />

A major obstacle to freighting was crossing<br />

the Snake River. There were only a few shallow<br />

places where travelers could ford the river.<br />

Several ferries were built for crossing. Eagle<br />

Rock Ferry was built in 1863 and chartered<br />

by the territorial legislature, which also set its<br />

tolls. It was just nine miles north of present<br />

✧<br />

Captain B. L. E. <strong>Bonneville</strong>, army<br />

officer and explorer for whom the<br />

county was named.<br />



Idaho Falls. 11 C h a p t e r 1 ✦ 1 1

CHAPTER 2<br />

T A Y L O R ’ S<br />

B R I D G E<br />

✧<br />

Above: Taylor Toll Bridge. Photograph<br />

taken by William Jackson with the<br />

Hayden Party around 1871.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

Below: James Madison Taylor.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

James Madison (Matt) Taylor envisioned and built the first bridge across the Snake River. He was<br />

born in Kentucky in 1825 and married Jane LeGrand Anderson in Lexington, Missouri, in 1853. He was<br />

a freighter who hauled goods in Colorado, Utah, Idaho and Montana. While freighting, he selected the<br />

Snake River bridge site at “Black Rock Canyon.” He then organized the Oneida Road, Bridge and Ferry<br />

Company, which was chartered in December 1864 by the territorial legislature. The company was<br />

responsible for building and maintaining the road, bridge and ferry. The charter was good for twenty<br />

years. As wagon traffic was active and river crossings were needed, the toll business was very profitable.<br />

He advertised in the Daily Telegraph, Great Salt Lake City, April 12, 1865:<br />

Eagle Rock Ferry Snake River.<br />

Best and Shortest Route to the Gold Fields of Montana.<br />

The above-named ferry is furnished with a good substantial boat and two excellent strong ropes and<br />

is now in splendid running order. In the connection with the ferry we have a general store.<br />

We are now constructing a good and substantial bridge across Snake River in the vicinity of the ferry,<br />

which will be opened for the passage of teams about the end of May next.<br />

-J. M. Taylor, E. M. Morgan, W. F. Bartlit<br />

Matt set out to build the bridge then sent for his wife’s brother, Robert Anderson, to be his<br />

business partner. Robert, who was working in New York, responded and brought Matt’s wife and<br />

two children to Idaho with him. Later, after living many years in Idaho, Robert wrote an account of<br />

the bridge and its business: 12<br />

The bridge timbers were cut and hewn out at Beaver Canyon and in six feet of snow, then hauled<br />

eighty miles over the road which Ben Holliday’s stage mules could not keep open. In the spring of<br />

1866 the wagon bridge was opened and the ferry people moved down from the Ferry and brought the<br />

name of Eagle Rock with them. A small dwelling house was built of driftwood. A little storeroom and a<br />

blacksmith shop were made of some boards and old ferry-boat timbers, and the station of Eagle Rock had<br />

been started. All prices were high.<br />

Indians lounged about the store and a few trappers, including Beaver Dick (Richard Leigh), came<br />

for their supplies.<br />

1 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

✧<br />

Left: Taylor Bridge after 1889 when it<br />

was condemned. The flour mill on the<br />

west side of the river was destroyed by<br />

fire in the early 1900s.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

Below: Robert Anderson.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

Jennie Reno, an early resident and historian,<br />

wrote in 1916:<br />

The next spring [1865 or 1866] Mr. Taylor’s<br />

family and brother-in-law, Robert Anderson,<br />

came out, moving down where Idaho Falls now<br />

is and opening up a store and bank or trading<br />

post, receiving gold dust, skins, etc. in return<br />

for guns, clothing and groceries; trappers,<br />

freighters and settlers depositing their earnings<br />

with them. The bridge was entirely of logs<br />

except for the bolts and irons taken from old<br />

freight wagons, converted to the use by Morgan,<br />

a blacksmith, and it was known as Taylor’s<br />

Bridge for several years. It was too low and<br />

washed out during high water in June 1867.<br />

They succeeded in…saving most of it and<br />

rebuilt it that winter. During high water, it was<br />

a common sight to see Mr. Taylor standing on<br />

the bridge with a prod pole pushing driftwood<br />

down stream.<br />

the others were young men working at mines<br />

or the stage station. Ten had wives keeping<br />

house, and there were nineteen little children.<br />

Of those, four belonged to James Taylor and his<br />

wife LeGrand. Shortly after 1870 the Taylors<br />

would return to live in Missouri. Although the<br />

Civil War had devastated her father’s family and<br />

property, LeGrand Taylor no longer needed to<br />

endure the cold windy winters and primitive<br />

frontier conditions of Idaho. According to the<br />

census, their daughter Jennie, aged one, had<br />

been born in Idaho; Robert, 4, in Utah; Oliver,<br />

11 and Mary 14, in Missouri. Only one ever<br />

came back to Eagle Rock. Barzilla Clark, who<br />

later wrote a history of the making of<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>, recalled that Jennie Taylor<br />

came back and was his first and favorite school<br />

teacher in early Idaho Falls. She later returned<br />

to Missouri.<br />

Bottom: Richard Leigh “Beaver Dick”<br />

with his Indian wife Jennie and<br />

their children.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

Nearly all business in Southeast Idaho<br />

depended on freighting. During the season long<br />

trains of ox wagons were constantly on the<br />

road. Stage hands cut, hauled and stacked hay<br />

at the stations. The bridge often brought in<br />

from one thousand to two thousand dollars a<br />

day with twenty-five to fifty freight teams and<br />

other traffic crossing.<br />

From the 1870 census of the Eagle Rock<br />

Post Office, Upper Snake River District, Oneida<br />

<strong>County</strong>, Idaho Territory, we learn that pioneer<br />

Eagle Rock had a population of 75. Only three<br />

owned real estate—John M. Taylor (likely a<br />

relative), James Taylor, and Robert Anderson.<br />

Only these three were merchants and had<br />

personal estates of more than $1,000. Most of<br />

C h a p t e r 2 ✦ 1 3

✧<br />

Top: C. C. Hayes, undertaker,<br />

at Sam Taylor’s Livery.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

Above: Jack Anderson.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

Both the founding families, Taylors and<br />

Andersons, had strong American heritages.<br />

James Madison earned his name as a relative of<br />

two presidents of the United States, James<br />

Madison and Zachary Taylor. Robert and<br />

LeGrand were children of Oliver Anderson,<br />

who had moved from Kentucky to Lexington,<br />

Missouri, in 1851. He owned a successful<br />

hemp-production business and built a beautiful<br />

home beside the Missouri River. A prominent<br />

Southern-sympathizer in the Civil War, he<br />

was later jailed and banished from Missouri.<br />

Today, because a Civil War battle was fought<br />

there, the Anderson House is a Missouri State<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Site.<br />

Other Taylors and Andersons were among<br />

Eagle Rock’s founders. Matt Taylor enlisted<br />

his cousin Sam Taylor to come from Missouri<br />

and bring herds of cattle. In 1871 Robert<br />

Anderson sent for his brother John C. (Jack)<br />

Anderson, to be a business partner in 1871.<br />

Robert and Jack remained in Eagle Rock<br />

(Idaho Falls) for most of the rest of their<br />

lives, as did Sam Taylor. Robert wrote of<br />

his experience:<br />

Often only a single man was at Eagle Rock<br />

where there were hundreds of Indians camped<br />

around. At times [I] was left entirely alone, acting<br />

as stage agent, operator, postmaster, storekeeper.<br />

Fort Hall Indian reservation was laid out<br />

[1868]. Oneida <strong>County</strong> was organized [1864]<br />

with Malad as the county seat, 120 miles south<br />

of Eagle Rock, the northern boundary of the<br />

county being the Montana line. 13<br />

After about fifteen years of pioneering here,<br />

Robert turned the business over to Jack and<br />

returned to his farm in Missouri. While there he<br />

married a widow named Alice then returned<br />

with her to live in Eagle Rock. As the bridge<br />

now belonged to the Anderson brothers, it was<br />

called Anderson’s Bridge. They collected tolls<br />

until 1889, when Bingham <strong>County</strong> commissioners<br />

finally denied their application for<br />

license renewal. The bridge became a public<br />

highway and was replaced in 1890 by a new<br />

steel bridge.<br />

By 1889, Bingham <strong>County</strong> had been formed<br />

from the north portion of Oneida <strong>County</strong> with<br />

Blackfoot as county seat. Idaho statehood was<br />

nearing. Robert Anderson and Sam Taylor<br />

were elected to represent Bingham <strong>County</strong> as<br />

delegates to the state constitution convention in<br />

1889. Anderson Brothers Bank and Anderson<br />

Brothers Mercantile store were important to<br />

early Idaho Falls. The bank continued until<br />

1933 when it became First Security Bank.<br />

While rightly considered Idaho Falls’ “first<br />

citizen,” Robert also maintained a successful<br />

farm in Lafayette <strong>County</strong>, Missouri, where he<br />

died in 1904 as a result of a buggy accident.<br />

He was honored and mourned both there and<br />

in newly-named Idaho Falls.<br />

1 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

CHAPTER 3<br />

R A I L R O A D A N D A G R I C U L T U R E , 1 8 7 9 - 1 8 8 9<br />

Before the railroad came, 250,000 emigrants had crossed Idaho territory by wagon en route to<br />

Oregon or California, 14 yet Southeast Idaho remained an unsettled desert wilderness. In the spring<br />

of 1879, the Utah and Northern Railroad Line constructed by Cache Valley Mormon pioneers<br />

bridged the Snake River at Eagle Rock. It set the stage for an explosion of migration from northern<br />

Utah to the Upper Snake River valley in the 1880s.<br />

The transcontinental railroad had joined the nation at Promontory Point May 10, 1869. The<br />

terminus at Corinne, Utah, was several miles northwest of Ogden. Brigham Young built railroad lines<br />

to connect Salt Lake City and Ogden. His son, John W. Young, who had assisted in the Union Pacific<br />

construction, negotiated with New York City businessmen to construct the railroad further north. He<br />

became president of the Utah and Northern Railroad Company, which was chartered to build the line<br />

to Logan in Cache Valley, then north to Montana. In March 1873 Congress granted the Utah and<br />

Northern the right-of-way to connect with the Northern Pacific Railroad in Montana. 15 It reached<br />

Franklin on May 2, 1874. The Utah-Idaho boundary survey of 1872 had determined that Franklin<br />

was not in Utah, as had been supposed, but was part of Idaho. Thus this railroad was Idaho’s first.<br />

Franklin then became a major terminus for about 600 freighters who hauled goods from Franklin<br />

to Montana in 1874 with a daily average of about eighty wagons on the road. Wagon freighting<br />

continued through the 1880s, but the railroad opened the way for settlement. With Mormon<br />

ecclesiastic and business leaders directing the work, Mormons living along the route provided labor<br />

to build the roadbeds and lay the tracks. Construction reached Pocatello in August 1878; it went<br />

through Fort Hall Indian reservation, reached Blackfoot in December, and Eagle Rock in April 1879.<br />

From there it went to Camas in July and reached Butte, Montana, in December 1881. About 206<br />

miles of Utah and Northern Railroad track were in Oneida <strong>County</strong>, Idaho, which at that time<br />

included Eagle Rock. Mariner W. Merrill, bishop of the northern Cache Valley LDS Ward of<br />

Richmond, was general construction superintendent. Thomas E. Ricks and William D. Hendricks<br />

were in charge of grading and track-laying. Many workmen took along their wives as cooks and<br />

their sons as laborers; they also brought cows for milk. Motivated by overcrowding in Utah, they<br />

experienced new opportunities in Idaho. Thus the way was opened for families from Cache Valley,<br />

Utah, to push north into Southeastern Idaho.<br />

✧<br />

Utah and Northern Railroad engine<br />

crossing railroad bridge at<br />

Eagle Rock.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

C h a p t e r 3 ✦ 1 5

✧<br />

Above: Looking south at newer<br />

railroad bridge with the flour mill.<br />

The original site can be seen<br />

in foreground.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

Below: Railroad coach shop, c. 1886.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

Eagle Rock was an important and profitable<br />

toll bridge river crossing, but the Anderson<br />

brothers donated 104 acres plus one hundred<br />

feet on each side of the track to the railroad<br />

company when it arrived in April to build its<br />

own bridge. In return, the railroad company<br />

agreed to carry no freight or passengers across<br />

the river until July 1, 1879. 16 Wagon freighting<br />

continued as an important business through the<br />

1880s. Not until 1889 did Bingham <strong>County</strong><br />

commissioners close the toll bridge.<br />

During the 1870s and ’80s business in Eagle<br />

Rock grew. In addition to the toll bridge it<br />

provided the telegraph and post office for the<br />

Upper Snake River Valley. Surrounded by<br />

gold, it was a center for miners. But farming<br />

had to wait for the future. A few families had<br />

tried farming as well as ranching—the Orville<br />

Buck family from Indiana, George Heath,<br />

Joseph Fisher and John Poole families from<br />

Utah. Most supplies had to be shipped in.<br />

Irrigation was needed.<br />

Eagle Rock grew when the<br />

railroad shops were located there.<br />

William E. Wheeler, editor of The<br />

Idaho Register, then in Blackfoot,<br />

reported on November 6, 1880:<br />

We spent one day at Eagle<br />

Rock this week. A large number of<br />

men are at work there, some grading<br />

the new tracks to the round<br />

house and machine shops, and<br />

another gang is engaged getting<br />

out rock for the latter, while a<br />

force of carpenters are putting up<br />

new buildings. A large two-story<br />

boarding house is nearly completed<br />

and six or eight dwellings<br />

will soon be commenced. The<br />

shops…will employ from 35 to 50<br />

men in connection with section<br />

men, track men, etc. [to] make an<br />

average of about 60 men.<br />

1 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

And on February 12, 1881:<br />

The round house which has ten stalls is nearly<br />

completed. The machine shop is nearly ready<br />

for setting the machinery. This building is<br />

60 x 100…but the largest building will be the<br />

car shop…its size is 60 x 200. In this shop all<br />

kinds of cars will be made from a flat car to a<br />

fine coach. An office for the master mechanic<br />

20 x 40 is nearly completed; another the same<br />

size for the foreman. An ice house 24 x 60 is<br />

furnished and filled with ice. Several other<br />

buildings such as store-house, oil house, sand<br />

drying house, will be put up.<br />

With additional boarding houses and smaller<br />

tenement houses, he estimated that:<br />

When the shops are running nearly two<br />

hundred men will find work.<br />

4 lawyers, 1 doctor; lodges of Knights of Labor,<br />

Masons and IOOF. A neat and commodious Baptist<br />

church has been built and the Episcopalians and<br />

Catholics are contemplating building.<br />

The 1880 census shows an increase of<br />

farmers in the Willow Creek country, which<br />

comprised rural areas north and east of Eagle<br />

Rock, later known as Ucon, Milo and Shelton.<br />

In 1884 homesteaders settled on farms which<br />

have since become the communities of Iona,<br />

St. Leon, Ucon, Milo, Taylor, Poplar, Coltman<br />

and Fairview. The next year Bingham <strong>County</strong><br />

was formed from the large northern portion<br />

of Oneida <strong>County</strong>. Eagle Rock’s population<br />

in 1885 was about 1,500. Among newcomers<br />

were the family of Joseph A. Clark from<br />

Indiana. They would become leaders in local<br />

✧<br />

First Baptist Church in Idaho Falls<br />

built in 1884 on the corner of<br />

Ash Street and Eastern Avenue.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

In spite of wind and snow, Eagle Rock settlers<br />

began building homes, churches and schools.<br />

At first church services and Sunday schools<br />

were held in homes. During the 1880s, Baptist,<br />

Methodist, and The Church of Jesus Christ<br />

of Latter-day Saints buildings were erected.<br />

Catholic and other Protestant churches were<br />

built within a few years. The influence of good<br />

music is shown in an article by Wheeler in 1883:<br />

Eagle Rock has four organs, five pianos, one<br />

cornet band of twelve pieces, besides violins and<br />

accordions. What town of but 600 inhabitants can<br />

make a better showing?<br />

Alma Marker, a violinist who operated a stationery<br />

and music store, played for dances held<br />

in the large room above the ZCMI, a large rock<br />

building built about 1882. Wheeler not only<br />

persuaded new homeseekers to move to Idaho<br />

Falls, but he moved his bride and his newspaper<br />

to Eagle Rock in early 1884.<br />

Wheeler described the local industry in 1885:<br />

Eagle Rock has 5 general merchandising<br />

stores, 2 large hotels, 4 restaurants, a dozen<br />

boarding houses, 1 drug store, 2 tailor shops,<br />

2 newspapers, 1 brewery, 1 market, 1 book<br />

store, 1 music store, 6 saloons, 2 barber shops,<br />

1 watch maker, 1 livery stable, 2 lumber yards,<br />

C h a p t e r 3 ✦ 1 7

✧<br />

4-4-0 Eight Wheeler Narrow Gauge<br />

Train. The Utah and Northern Line<br />

prospered to the point it could not<br />

handle the freight being shipped over<br />

the narrow gauge line. Preparation to<br />

widen the line to standard gauge<br />

tracks required upgrading the bridge<br />

across Snake River at Eagle Rock.<br />

Then the 246 miles of railroad line<br />

between Pocatello, Idaho to Butte,<br />

Montana, were widened in one day,<br />

July 24, 1887. Ten men were assigned<br />

to each six-mile long section of track.<br />



and state government—Joseph being the first<br />

mayor of Idaho Falls, and his sons Chase and<br />

Barzilla both serving as mayors of Idaho Falls<br />

and governors of Idaho. The city’s water works<br />

were commenced in 1885.<br />

Because of the influx of families to the area,<br />

the Idaho Territorial legislature passed a bill to<br />

locate the University of Idaho in Eagle Rock.<br />

However, in a political move to preserve Idaho<br />

intact instead of ceding the north part of its<br />

territory to Washington, the University of Idaho<br />

was instead located in Moscow, Idaho, in 1889.<br />

This was a strategy to obtain state admission,<br />

which was granted by Congress and became<br />

effective July 3, 1890. In the meantime the<br />

territorial governor had called for an Idaho<br />

Constitutional convention to be assembled<br />

July 4 to August 6, 1889. Robert Anderson and<br />

Sam Taylor were among Bingham <strong>County</strong>’s delegation.<br />

Based on fears that the growing<br />

Mormon population would vote as a block,<br />

delegates adopted an anti-Mormon test oath,<br />

which excluded Mormons from voting, serving<br />

on juries or holding public office. Belief in<br />

polygamy was also an issue, although only<br />

about 150 of the 25,000 LDS population<br />

were practicing plural marriage. 17 This test<br />

oath, enforced since 1885 during territorial<br />

days, was not effectively repealed until 1895.<br />

Then as now Mormons made up about<br />

one-fourth of the state’s population. (The test<br />

oath was finally removed from the Idaho<br />

Constitution by vote in 1982.) Notwithstanding<br />

the disfranchisement, Eagle Rock citizens<br />

got along well sharing their frontier life.<br />

According to memories of Eunice (Mrs. Joseph<br />

A.) Clark, as reported in The Post-Register,<br />

in September, 1934:<br />

In the early days here there were no class<br />

distinctions—the members of the three churches,<br />

Catholic, Baptist, and LDS. were the best<br />

of friends and frequently held their socials<br />

together. Neighbors made a practice of calling<br />

on one another, and strangers were given a<br />

hospitable welcome. 18<br />

Although the railroad shops were an asset to<br />

the local community, they were not indispensable.<br />

On May 22, 1886, a severe wind toppled the<br />

round house. Fortunately none of the 53 workers<br />

inside was injured, but the round house was<br />

never rebuilt. Due to business decisions by the<br />

railroad to change its terminal to Pocatello, the<br />

shops were removed to Pocatello, and the population<br />

of Eagle Rock decreased in a nose dive.<br />

But this setback did not destroy the optimism of<br />

such founders as Robert and Jack Anderson and<br />

William E. Wheeler, who continued to live here<br />

and promote the town to homeseekers.<br />

Irrigation was the motivation for future settlers.<br />

The Snake River, which flows through<br />

Idaho, is the state’s most unifying feature.<br />

Considering the Boise River as a tributary of the<br />

Snake, two-thirds of Idaho’s population now<br />

live within the fertile Snake River Valley. 19 “But<br />

how was the water to be got from the river?”<br />

pioneer Robert Anderson asked. The First<br />

irrigation system was the Eagle Rock and<br />

Willow Creek Canal Co., formed June 11, 1880,<br />

to serve farming in the Menan area. Since<br />

then irrigation projects developed in quick<br />

succession. Although government irrigation<br />

districts would later be instituted, the Mormons<br />

began with cooperative irrigation companies.<br />

By 1885, there were twenty-eight farmer-built,<br />

locally owned, cooperative canal systems.<br />

1 8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

CHAPTER 4<br />

I D A H O F A L L S B E G I N S , 1 8 9 1 - 1 9 1 0<br />

Many of the institutions of Idaho Falls, county seat of <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>, began with pioneers<br />

who came to the area from various places and backgrounds. Their stories illustrate the cultural<br />

fabric of our community.<br />

W I L L I A M<br />

E . W H E E L E R<br />

✧<br />

William E. Wheeler, editor,<br />

Idaho Register.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

William E. Wheeler, who recorded our early history in his newspaper, The Idaho Register, was<br />

influential in the growth of Idaho Falls. Born in Vermont in 1843 to native New Englanders, he had<br />

moved with his family to Illinois when aged fifteen. He enlisted in the Union army and became a<br />

lifelong supporter of the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR ). After the Civil War he began traveling<br />

west for Bluff City, [Iowa,] Printing Co. He published a newspaper in Evanston, Wyoming, for<br />

several years, then moved to Blackfoot in 1880 and renamed it The Blackfoot Register. His beat<br />

included Eagle Rock. He married Elizabeth Dougherty of Denver at Christmastime in 1883, then<br />

took his newspaper to Eagle Rock and renamed it The Idaho Register.<br />

C h a p t e r 4 ✦ 1 9

Wheeler was named postmaster when<br />

Eagle Rock was incorporated in 1889. Edith<br />

Lovell wrote,<br />

Wheelers had no children, but over the years<br />

quietly sponsored youth projects. Boys from the<br />

country lived with the Wheelers to go to school<br />

and help out at the newspaper office. Good<br />

study habits and church attendance were<br />

required of them. 20<br />

In 1909, Wheeler, 66, who was a justice of<br />

the peace, sold the newspaper to his associate<br />

publisher, M. B. Yeaman. When Wheeler died<br />

in 1919, Idaho Falls had three newspapers—<br />

The Times, The Post and The Register. (They later<br />

merged into The Post-Register.) The following<br />

excerpt from fellow journalist, Sam Dennis,<br />

who established The Times in 1890, eulogizes<br />

Wheeler, and summarizes his role in our history:<br />

In writing anything concerning the passing<br />

of Wm. E. Wheeler it would be hard to<br />

disconnect his name with that of the<br />

development of the country. He gave his<br />

time and his energy and the best part of his<br />

life to the upbuilding of the Upper Snake<br />

River Valley. He came to Idaho at an early<br />

date; an honest man, a courageous man and a<br />

man who never forgot that he was a gentleman.<br />

The West in those early days coarsened and<br />

roughened many from the East, but never<br />

William. E. Wheeler.<br />

Mr. Wheeler came to Idaho with the railroad.<br />

He came first to Blackfoot and established<br />

The Blackfoot Register. Idaho was then a territory,<br />

the whole southeast being one county, old<br />

Oneida, which extended from Utah on the<br />

south to Montana on the north. His territory<br />

extended from the Sawtooth range on the west<br />

to Wyoming on the east, and we imagine it<br />

was hard pickings for a newspaper in those<br />

days. He often made trips either by stage or<br />

horseback to Salmon and other small camps to<br />

the west rustling for business in order to keep<br />

the payroll going. After remaining in Blackfoot<br />

three years Mr. Wheeler moved his printing<br />

office and whatever personal effects he<br />

happened to possess to Idaho Falls, or rather<br />

then, Eagle Rock, and called his paper The Idaho<br />

Register, the title under which it still exists.<br />

The railroad shops were here then and business<br />

no doubt was pretty good. However, in ’86 the<br />

company moved its shops to Pocatello with a<br />

goodly portion of the town’s dwellings and<br />

Eagle Rock for the time being became a deserted<br />

western town.<br />

At the time of the departure of the shops<br />

from Eagle Rock farming in this country did<br />

not amount to very much. Settlers were<br />

scarce and things were pretty much in the<br />

experimental stage. However, in 1890 a<br />

number of enterprising citizens commenced<br />

the building of the Idaho canal and a small<br />

group of men generally called the “boomers”<br />

came to town and among one of their<br />

enterprises was the construction of the Great<br />

Western canal, now known as the New Sweden<br />

property. These two systems of canals provided<br />

water for about eighty thousand acres of<br />

land and Idaho Falls commenced to reach out<br />

for settlers to occupy these lands. At this<br />

time W. E. Wheeler commenced his real life<br />

work for the upbuilding of the country. He<br />

printed columns and columns of booster<br />

articles in his paper and he never let up on<br />

this work or failed to join in any and every<br />

effort made to induce new settlers to come<br />

in. He was the author of an article printed in<br />

an agricultural magazine at St. Louis which<br />

had a large circulation in the middle western<br />

states and there are no doubt many citizens<br />

here today who were induced to come<br />

through the medium of this article. In short,<br />

practically all the matter which has been used<br />

in advertising this country either eminated<br />

[sic] from his office or was a rehash or<br />

enlargement of something that had previously<br />

been originated by him.<br />

One thing which probably did more to<br />

encourage agriculture here than anything else<br />

in which Mr. Wheeler took a leading part was<br />

the organization of a county fair association<br />

which gave exhibitions during the middle<br />

and latter ’80s. That was a big undertaking<br />

at that time for the people were few, settlements<br />

were scatter[ed] and everybody was poor.<br />

But it started Idaho Falls as the center of<br />

attraction in this part of the state and she has<br />

21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29<br />

held the lead ever since.<br />

-Idaho Falls Times, May 22, 1919<br />

2 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

J O H N L I N G R E N<br />

by Connie Otteson<br />

Another pioneer who came with the first<br />

railroad to Blackfoot, then on to Eagle Rock,<br />

was Swedish emigrant, John Lingren, founder<br />

of Highland Park, which is now best known<br />

as home of baseball’s Melaleuca Field.<br />

Lingren, who had come to Utah with a<br />

Mormon emigrant company from Malmo,<br />

Sweden, in 1863, at the age of 18, wrote in<br />

his journal:<br />

I arrived in Eagle Rock afoot with my<br />

blankets on my shoulder, March 25, 1879, with<br />

five dollars in my pocket. I worked for Jack<br />

Anderson after I had looked for a job for nearly<br />

a month in this town of three houses—a<br />

boarding house, hotel, and blacksmith shop.<br />

At this time the [Utah and Northern Railroad]<br />

was building the abutment for the iron [railroad<br />

bridge to cross the Snake River.]<br />

I started to work for Mr. Anderson April<br />

20th for a dollar a day and board, then $40 a<br />

month as gatekeeper of his toll bridge. By May<br />

27th, the terminus of the railroad got here.<br />

Great freighting outfits would pass through to<br />

Montana. In less than a week a mushroom town<br />

[sprang up] with some 100 houses, tents and<br />

wagons. I went one day and counted 2,700<br />

freight wagons, and I would take an average of<br />

$400 in tolls per day, it being $1.50 a span with<br />

wagon for crossing the bridge.<br />

By the spring of 1881 John had saved<br />

enough money to visit his family in Sweden.<br />

He was reunited with his family then returned<br />

to Idaho in late 1881 with two sisters and<br />

one brother. He purchased 160 acres north of<br />

Eagle Rock on Willow Creek for $750. He<br />

cleared sagebrush, built a cabin, dug ditches<br />

from the creek to water his garden, and<br />

began raising vegetables for market. He was<br />

then thirty-eight years old and still single. His<br />

siblings lived in the little adobe brick cabin<br />

with him until the brother and a sister married<br />

local residents. The other sister, Johanna,<br />

continued to keep house for John and ran a<br />

boarding house for eight workers from the<br />

railroad shops. She died in 1892 after surgery<br />

in Salt Lake City.<br />

Alone again, John started a tree nursery on<br />

his homestead, where he planted hundreds of<br />

evergreen, shade, fruit and ornamental trees, as<br />

well as lilacs and other shrubs. He often sold<br />

trees and plants to local residents, along with<br />

fresh vegetables and fruits, as well as honey,<br />

milk and eggs.<br />

During the hot summers, locals often asked<br />

to hold their picnics and outdoor meetings at<br />

Lingren’s tree farm, which he named Highland<br />

Park in honor of his Swedish homeland. In<br />

order to pay taxes he deeded lots to the City of<br />

Idaho Falls. He added picnic grounds, swings,<br />

hammocks, a dance pavilion, bandstand,<br />

and baseball diamond to the park. He also<br />

maintained a large mud-bottomed lake that was<br />

used as a swimming hole, canoe pond, and<br />

winter skating rink.<br />

In 1895 John married Sara Lettie Wilson in<br />

the Salt Lake LDS Temple, only two months<br />

after they had met in Blackfoot. He was 50 and<br />

she was 24 years old. They reared three children<br />

to maturity. He died in 1915 at age 71.<br />

✧<br />

John Lingren, Highland Park founder.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

C h a p t e r 4 ✦ 2 1

C H A R L E S C . A N D S A R A H<br />

T A U T P H A U S<br />

by Jim Bennet<br />

Charles C. Tautphaus from Germany and Sarah<br />

Kane from Ireland immigrated to New York as children.<br />

Each sailed separately around the tip of South<br />

America to California where they met, married, and<br />

had five daughters. In 1882 the family moved to<br />

Butte City, Montana, where Tautphaus had a butcher<br />

shop and also bought and sold livestock. He was<br />

also involved in freighting, mining and farming.<br />

✧<br />

Top, left: Charles Tautphaus.<br />


Top, right: Sarah Tautphaus.<br />

After his death in 1906, the Idaho Falls<br />

Boosters Club purchased the 160-acre Tautphaus<br />

Ranch from Sarah Tautphaus in 1910 to convert<br />

it into a place for the residents of the area to<br />


Below: Joseph Clark, first mayor of<br />

Idaho Falls; father of future mayors<br />

and governors.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

In 1884, they purchased two sections of<br />

government land in the Eagle Rock area. In 1886,<br />

Tautphaus moved his family to their land in Eagle<br />

Rock, where he also operated a meat market.<br />

Using horse-drawn equipment and crews,<br />

they transformed the desert into a farm which<br />

included a wooded hillside, tree-lined drives,<br />

an apple orchard, and a lake with a waterfall.<br />

The lake became a center of social activity, with<br />

picnicking, boating, and swimming in the<br />

summer and ice skating in the winter. (It is now<br />

the sunken baseball diamond and handicapped<br />

playground in today’s Tautphaus Park)<br />

To bring water to his lake and land and for<br />

others, Tautphaus helped form the Idaho Canal<br />

Company in 1889 and designed a thirty-mile<br />

canal from the Snake River to waste into the<br />

Blackfoot River.<br />

2 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

the municipal hydroelectric plant No. 1, just<br />

below the Broadway Bridge.<br />

Eunice Clark, a gifted elocutionist, was<br />

an energetic supporter of the Women’s Christian<br />

Temperance Union (W. C. T. U.), and reared a<br />

family of community leaders.<br />

W. H . B . A N D S A R A C R O W<br />

enjoy. The name of Tautphaus Park was retained<br />

to honor the family. Improvements were added,<br />

including a grandstand, race track, bandstand,<br />

fountains and rest rooms. The grand opening of<br />

the new facility was held on July 25, 1910, in<br />

conjunction with Pioneer Day, when thousands<br />

attended the double celebration, enjoying horse<br />

races, speeches and athletic programs. Charles<br />

(1841-1906) and Sarah (1840-1917) are buried<br />

in the cemetery next to their park in a plot<br />

marked with a large stone cross.<br />

J O S E P H<br />

A . C L A R K<br />

The family of Joseph Addison and Eunice<br />

Hadley Clark were Quaker settlers of Indiana.<br />

The Clarks came to Eagle Rock on the railroad<br />

in 1885. A surveyor and civil engineer, he<br />

helped lay out the town site. He later helped<br />

establish the newspaper, The Times, and served<br />

on the school board. He envisioned a municipally-owned<br />

water system and served as mayor<br />

(1900-1902) when the city built its first power<br />

plant. Two sons, Barzilla and Chase, also served<br />

as mayors of Idaho Falls and were elected Idaho<br />

governors. During the terms of Barzilla Clark<br />

on the city council and as mayor, the city built<br />

After a courtship begun on a transcontinental<br />

train heading west, William Henry Byron<br />

Crow was married to Sara Ellen Murphy in<br />

Illinois in 1882. Both had taught school in<br />

Nebraska and continued to develop education<br />

in Eagle Rock. When Eagle Rock Water Works<br />

Company was organized in 1885, utilizing a<br />

windmill to generate electricity from water<br />

power, W. H. B. Crow was secretary of the<br />

company. Afterwards he purchased the plant. In<br />

1888 the Eagle Rock and Willow Creek Water<br />

Company purchased the Anderson Canal.<br />

Sara Crow brought her grand piano to<br />

Eagle Rock and taught music lessons. She rode<br />

horseback to teach students in the rural<br />

country. She was organist for Rebecca Mitchell’s<br />

Sunday school and was a charter member of<br />

the Trinity Methodist Church in Eagle Rock.<br />

✧<br />

Left: Sara Murphy Crow.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

Right: William Henry Byron Crow.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

C h a p t e r 4 ✦ 2 3

W. W. A N D E L D O R A K E E F E R<br />

P I O N E E R<br />

W O M E N<br />

✧<br />

William Keefer family, about 1918.<br />


W. W. Keefer was one of several young carpenters<br />

who came from Omaha to work in railroad<br />

building construction. He built homes,<br />

business buildings, bridges and dams. His<br />

wife Eldora Shoemaker Keefer wrote a history<br />

of Eagle Rock in 1933 for the Daughters of<br />

American Revolution. A few excerpts follow:<br />

Until the year 1880, Eagle Rock was little<br />

more than a good trading post and a stage station.<br />

When the narrow railroad was built, Eagle<br />

Rock became a very busy place. In the early days<br />

it was a very common sight to see men sitting<br />

along the bank of Snake River with pans filled<br />

with sand in their hands, sifting out the small<br />

particles of gold dust. [Before there was a public<br />

cemetery,] the alley back of South Capital Avenue<br />

along the river bank was used as a burial place.<br />

Pioneer women figured importantly in<br />

village improvements. One of the best known<br />

was Rebecca Mitchell, revered as an early<br />

Sunday School teacher, librarian, and founder<br />

of a pioneer school. 30 As a Baptist missionary<br />

from Illinois, Rebecca Mitchell traveled by<br />

rail as far as Eagle Rock, Idaho, in 1882 with<br />

her daughter Bessie. Describing their journey<br />

through “this wild country, the home of the<br />

Redman, with a few trappers and hunters who<br />

were largely squaw men,” she wrote:<br />

The town was a row of company houses,<br />

built by railroad employees, with shanties<br />

here and there, besides a few business houses<br />

and the ever-present saloon plying its trade.<br />

It was on the morning of June 5, 1882, that<br />

I stepped from the train and into a new world.<br />

2 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

Not hotel or furnished room could be found<br />

where I could find shelter and rest, all day long<br />

I waded the sand shoe-top deep in some places,<br />

going from house to house, where I found a<br />

welcome, but not room. Late in the afternoon<br />

I found a shanty that I could rent which had<br />

been used for a saloon, into which my daughter<br />

and I gladly moved our trunks and were at<br />

home. I bought a candle, and for a candlestick<br />

used an empty beer bottle.<br />

Early in November winter set in, with<br />

deep snow and severe cold, which made it<br />

impossible to longer live in the shanty, but<br />

by this time a better place, though very small,<br />

was secured, which served me to the end of the<br />

first year’s work, after which reasonably good<br />

accommodations were opened for my school<br />

and home. 31<br />

Mrs. Mitchell organized the local W. C. T. U.<br />

and later became chaplain for the Idaho legislature<br />

in Boise.<br />

Minnie Hitt was a well-known and respected<br />

banker, who learned the banking business<br />

from the Anderson brothers beginning when<br />

she was seventeen. She became the cashier<br />

of the Anderson Bros. Bank and later retired<br />

as manager of the First Security Bank of<br />

Idaho, which had purchased the Anderson<br />

Bros. Bank. In 1946 the Idaho Falls Chamber<br />

of Commerce presented her with an honorary<br />

lifetime membership for her “singular influence<br />

in the development of this area,” particularly<br />

in developing property and enterprises over<br />

East Idaho.<br />

Kate Curley was organizer and first president<br />

of the Village Improvement Society (VIS)<br />

formed in 1898 to promote “public convenience<br />

and health and render the town more desirable<br />

as a place of residence.” Mrs. A. V. Scott was<br />

first vice president. Forty women, mainly wives<br />

of community leaders, met regularly for the<br />

next twenty years to carry out projects to clean<br />

and beautify the village.For example, they built<br />

fifty trash boxes to place around town; they<br />

successfully petitioned the town council to<br />

restrict cattle and other livestock to fenced<br />

yards; they planted trees along the streets, and<br />

started a hospital, library, and a house-numbering<br />

campaign to facilitate free mail delivery.<br />

In order to get rid of an undesirable red light<br />

✧<br />

Above: Rebecca Mitchell,<br />

Baptist missionary.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

Below: Minnie Hitt, banker.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

C h a p t e r 4 ✦ 2 5

✧<br />

Below: The Anderson Bros. Bank<br />

and Mercantile.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

Opposite, top: The Cooperative<br />

Wagon and Machine Company,<br />

established 1889.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

Opposite, bottom: Sugar Factory at<br />

Lincoln operated from 1903-1978;<br />

this photograph was taken in 1909.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

district, they bought the property where it was<br />

located along the river and ousted the tenants,<br />

then later returned the property to the city.<br />

It would become Sportsmen’s Park.<br />

Kate Curley served on the Idaho Falls School<br />

board and her last public appearance was<br />

speaking at the commencement of Idaho Falls<br />

High School. After Kate’s untimely death in<br />

1903, her husband Bowen Curley and the<br />

VIS planted trees for Kate Curley Park,<br />

located between Ninth and Tenth Streets in<br />

Idaho Falls.<br />

Adelia Duggan Scott was elected Justice of<br />

the Peace in 1896. She became president of the<br />

32, 33<br />

VIS and continued its beautification projects.<br />

B U S I N E S S<br />

Anderson Bros. Bank remained until the early<br />

1940s. From the beginning of Eagle Rock,<br />

Anderson Bros. Bank helped develop local business<br />

and Anderson Bros. Mercantile provided<br />

goods. As Mormon settlement increased in the<br />

rural areas, Utah-based businesses came to serve<br />

the community: Zion’s Commercial Mercantile<br />

Institution (Z. C. M. I.), Cooperative Wagon and<br />

Machine Company (C. W. & M.), and the Utah-<br />

Idaho Sugar plant.<br />

Horse-drawn wagons loaded with sacks of<br />

grain fill the streets in certain old photos of<br />

downtown Idaho Falls. Farmers and their<br />

families could obtain supplies at C. W. & M.,<br />

established by 1889 in Eagle Rock by Mormon<br />

businessmen as Cooperative Wagon and Machine<br />

Company. It consolidated with its new name<br />

in 1902. G. G. Wright came from Utah to be<br />

manager. Wright, who also established a flour<br />

mill, was a leading source of credit for farmers<br />

needing to buy machinery and other supplies.<br />

A large two-story brick building was opened<br />

on the corner of Main (Broadway) and Capital<br />

Streets in 1905, as well as an implement<br />

building and repair storehouse which operated<br />

on West Broadway. Not until 1944 did the<br />

automobile bring C. W. & M.’s demise.<br />

Utah Sugar joined with Idaho Sugar to<br />

incorporate Utah-Idaho Sugar Company, which<br />

built its sugar plant in the future community of<br />

Lincoln in 1903. It provided much needed<br />

employment, both for sugar beet growers and<br />

2 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

for factory workers. The Lincoln plant was one<br />

of the most efficient in the country, beginning<br />

with daily production of 600 tons of beets<br />

and increasing to 4,400 tons before it closed in<br />

1978 due to nationwide economic factors after<br />

seventy-five years of successful operation.<br />

C h a p t e r 4 ✦ 2 7

✧<br />

Wheat field, 1909.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

A G R I C U L T U R E<br />

From the mid-1880s, <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>’s<br />

economy has relied on agriculture, and agriculture<br />

has relied on irrigation.<br />

One of the earliest farms was planted by<br />

Orville and Helen Buck with George Heath on<br />

Willow Creek in the spring of 1874. Buck<br />

planted and irrigated some hay and wheat, and<br />

the family raised some garden vegetables as<br />

well as cattle, sheep, pigs and ducks.<br />

Russet potatoes were first planted here in<br />

about 1909 and developed into a world-famous<br />

Idaho industry. Sugar beets were raised to supply<br />

the sugar plant. Tools to clear the sagebrush<br />

were manufactured here. The Miskin Scraper<br />

Company, begun in pioneer Ucon, continues<br />

today as an exporter of its scraper.<br />

W. L. Shattuck, who helped develop Osgood,<br />

a community west of the river, wrote the following<br />

history of irrigation in <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong><br />

for The Post-Register’s “Golden Jubilee Edition,”<br />

September 10, 1934:<br />

Farming Played Small Part 1884<br />

In 1884, just fifty years ago, the sturdy<br />

pioneer who came to Eagle Rock found but<br />

little, from the agricultural standpoint, to<br />

encourage him unless he had great foresight<br />

and ambition.<br />

On January 1, 1884, the development of the<br />

agricultural resources in this vicinity was so<br />

slight that but 31,726 inches of water had been<br />

filed on in Snake river, and only a very small<br />

portion of this had been utilized. In those days<br />

the famous Idaho potato was unheard of; the<br />

sugar beet industry had not been thought of and<br />

the seed pea industry was unknown in the west.<br />

The market for the limited amount of grain produced<br />

was equally limited. Livestock was<br />

the only industry that had attained sufficient<br />

proportions to be at all recognized.<br />

Settlers who possibly had a vision of vast<br />

acres of land under irrigation and producing<br />

bountiful crops began moving in. They started<br />

clearing the land of the sagebrush. After this<br />

laborious task was completed, it was still a<br />

greater job to level the land for proper irrigation,<br />

as there was no machinery available for<br />

leveling land except for the small slip scraper,<br />

and that proved to be a very slow method.<br />

That we may get some idea of the magnitude<br />

of this picture, let us remember that the combined<br />

length of the different canal systems and<br />

their main laterals is more than 8,500 miles<br />

long. That this might be more clearly understood,<br />

imagine a canal sixty feet wide at the<br />

bottom and four feet in depth being started in<br />

New York City, extended across the American<br />

continent to San Francisco, returning to New<br />

York and then back westward as far as Chicago<br />

before it tapers out to a small ditch—then we<br />

have a picture of the greatest amount of labor<br />

and expense in constructing the canal system of<br />

this valley.<br />

2 8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

B O O M I N G<br />

In January 1891 Wheeler wrote in The Register:<br />

Idaho Falls Town Company,<br />

What They Have Done and What Is Being Done<br />

A Grand Opportunity for Profitable Investment, etc.<br />

When the year 1890 was ushered into existence,<br />

Idaho Falls had not begun to assume semblance<br />

or shape. Eagle Rock, that erstwhile had<br />

sprang into existence almost like the mushroom<br />

growth of a night only to shrink and wilt under<br />

the glare of the morning sun, was plodding along,<br />

seemingly content with a steady and prosperous<br />

growth, until in a few years it might aspire to<br />

become the leading town or city in Eastern Idaho.<br />

During…March [1890] Mr. J. H. Holmes<br />

dropped in, and remained a few days. No one<br />

knew why he was here, nor what he was looking<br />

after. He kept his own counsels. He engaged<br />

a team and drove over the country and made<br />

some inquiries concerning land, took a look at<br />

the vast water power, and went his way.<br />

On the 23rd of April following he returned,<br />

bringing with him Honorable Willis G. Emerson.<br />

He showed him the river, the water power, and<br />

drove him into the country…and…[explained]<br />

the proposed canal.<br />

‘This is the place,’ said they, with one accord,<br />

and before leaving they had contracted for the<br />

purchase of the canal and all its rights and privileges.<br />

On May 27, they returned, bringing with<br />

them I. R. Holmes, A. M. York, D. W. Higbee, and<br />

other parties, members of the Interior Land and<br />

Immigration Co., of Denver. They remained several<br />

days, and contracted for the purchase of all<br />

the old townsite of Eagle Rock, and several large<br />

tracts of land adjoining the town on the south,<br />

east and north. At that time they concluded. they<br />

would endeavor to change the name of the town<br />

from Eagle Rock to Idaho Falls, and with that<br />

idea…they organized the Idaho Falls Town Co.,<br />

composed of the following: The Interior Land<br />

and Immigration Co. of Denver, J. H. Holmes,<br />

W. G. Emerson, D. W. Higbee, and B. McCaffrey.<br />

On July 31 the Idaho Falls Canal and Irrigation<br />

Company was organized. [They began work on<br />

the big canal.] Excursionists from Chicago,<br />

Denver, Portland, and other cities, in special cars<br />

came in, and made filings of thousands of acres<br />

of choice lands along the route of the new canal.<br />

In connection with parties from Chicago, another<br />

canal project was developed on the west side of<br />

the river, and within fifteen miles of Idaho Falls.<br />

The Town company has closed the contracts<br />

for the old town site, and all the tracts of land<br />

adjacent thereto, and have platted them, and in<br />

one tract known as Crow’s addition.<br />

Portland, Tacoma, and Olympia capitalists<br />

have purchased over $75,000 worth of town<br />

property and canal stock. Other Chicago parties<br />

have organized the Idaho Falls Power and<br />

Lumber Company.<br />

Valuable sandstone quarries furnishing the<br />

finest quality of building rock are being opened,<br />

and in the spring a large number of business<br />

blocks, a magnificent hotel and many residences<br />

will be built. Hundreds of teams and men will<br />

find employment on the irrigating canals<br />

and…the ringing sound of the carpenters’ hammer<br />

and masons’ trowel will fill the air with<br />

music, in the new city of destiny and progress.<br />

✧<br />

The Idaho Register, about 1893.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

C h a p t e r 4 ✦ 2 9

CHAPTER 5<br />

B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y F O R M E D , 1 9 1 1<br />

Idaho Falls rejoiced when it was named county seat of <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> formed in 1911. This area<br />

had previously been part of Oneida and Bingham Counties. In territorial days we were in Oneida<br />

<strong>County</strong> with Malad as its county seat most of that time. When Oneida was split in 1885, we were<br />

part of Bingham <strong>County</strong> with Blackfoot as the county seat. Idaho became a state in 1890 and the<br />

state legislature formed <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> from the northern portion of Bingham <strong>County</strong> in 1911.<br />

The Idaho Register of Idaho Falls reported on February 10, 1911:<br />

✧<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>’s natural features.<br />


<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>, with Idaho Falls the county seat is a reality after one of the most notable efforts<br />

for county division ever made in the legislative body of the state. The signing of the bill on last Tuesday<br />

afternoon by Governor Hawley put an end to a fight for county division which has occupied the attention<br />

of the legislature for each term for a number of years. Idaho Falls has attained an ambition long sought,<br />

and is now the county seat of the most prominent and prosperous county of the state of Idaho.<br />

The original bill designated the name of Snake River county which, however, met with some opposition<br />

and the more euphonious name of <strong>Bonneville</strong>, in honor of the famous explorer, was given.<br />

Senator St. Clair, who authored the bill, was presented with the pen with which the governor<br />

signed the bill. Although opposition had persisted for several years, during the 1911 session things<br />

went smoothly for the new county. The bill passed with just three dissenting votes in the senate, and<br />

only one “nay” in the house. Newly appointed county officers went immediately to work, selecting<br />

their temporary meeting location, and the city dreamed of future prosperity as county seat.<br />

Commissioners selected in 1911 were W. D. Huffaker, District 1; John Empey, District 2, and<br />

Robert L. Bybee, District 3.<br />

3 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

The Idaho Falls Times in February 1911 summarized<br />

the political procedure of dividing the<br />

county, eventually effected by cooperation of<br />

Clubs of Commerce of Idaho Falls and Blackfoot:<br />

Thursday last the house passed the Bingham<br />

county division bill, creating the county of<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong>, with Idaho Falls as the county<br />

seat, by a vote of 58 to one. And thereby has<br />

Idaho Falls come to a realization of her hopes<br />

and aims after years of work and effort.<br />

At one time considerable opposition developed<br />

against the bill, but that practically withdrew<br />

from the field and left the coast clear.<br />

But slight changes were made in the bill as<br />

it was originally drawn up. The principal<br />

changes were changing the name from<br />

Snake River county to <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>, and<br />

making it a county of the second class instead<br />

of third.<br />

The county derives its name from Captain<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong>, a soldier and explorer who came<br />

to the southwest in 1833 and remained two<br />

years, crossing the territory embraced in old<br />

Bingham county a number of times, spending<br />

part of one winter at Tilden. After the war<br />

with Mexico…he served for a long time…in<br />

Oregon and Washington.<br />

A number of attempts have been made to<br />

divide Bingham county, but in every instance<br />

those in charge could not agree on what would<br />

be considered an equitable division; one that<br />

would be agreeable to a majority of the people<br />

of both the north and south parts of the county.<br />

When the question was agitated this winter,<br />

the Club of Commerce took hold of the matter<br />

and appointed a committee to meet a like<br />

committee from Blackfoot. The latter part of<br />

December these two committees met in this<br />

city and proceeded to get together to come plan<br />

for division.<br />

That would be the Caribou National Forest and<br />

the Gray’s Lake area in the southern part of the<br />

county. Familiar names of the past are connected<br />

here: Nathaniel Wyeth, Peter Skene Ogden<br />

and the Hudson Bay Company. Gold was discovered<br />

on the slopes of the highest mountain<br />

east of Gray’s Lake. The romance of the Caribou<br />

gold discoveries in the 1870s includes exciting<br />

tales of the miners—white men and Chinese. By<br />

the mid-1880s, Caribou City’s population was<br />

close to that of Eagle Rock—about 1500. The<br />

mining yield was at least one million dollars.<br />

✧<br />

Map of Idaho showing changes of our<br />

county borders, 1885-1911.<br />


The following descriptive history is adapted<br />

from one prepared for <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong><br />

<strong>Historic</strong>al Society in 1980 by Mildred Hoggan,<br />

Jim Hoggan, June Oler, Quincy Jensen, and<br />

Edith Haroldsen Lovell:<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> is the shape of a pistol—<br />

aiming west. To get a feel of the county,<br />

let’s take the grip of the pistol and explore it.<br />

C h a p t e r 5 ✦ 3 1

✧<br />

The intersection of Broadway and<br />

Capital Streets, this photograph was<br />

taken after 1905 when the streets<br />

were paved.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

Today Caribou City is a ghost town site,<br />

with silent gulches, muted hillside, and rickety<br />

broken-down sluices hidden in the grass. Its<br />

rotting rough boards, heaps of burned-over<br />

rubble, corroded square nails, bits of crockery<br />

and iron from old stoves beckon the curious.<br />

Each summer one can find historically-minded<br />

visitors wandering through the dusty area<br />

envisioning those colorful years of long ago,<br />

some wondering whether there is more gold<br />

“in them thar hills.” From Mt. Caribou one can<br />

view the magnificent Teton Range in Wyoming,<br />

a two-hour drive from Idaho Falls.<br />

Gray’s Lake, named after a Scottish-Iroquois<br />

trapper, John Gray, is today not a lake at all, but<br />

miles of whispering marshes. The flash-backs<br />

echo of beaver trappers, battles with bears and<br />

the Lander Trail. At Gray’s Lake one can presently<br />

enjoy the National Wildlife Refuge, which is<br />

a bird-watcher’s paradise. Here thousands of<br />

elegant, graceful sandhill cranes summer in the<br />

marshes and lay their eggs.<br />

Moving up the grip of the pistol, the eastern<br />

boundary, forty-one miles long, we reach<br />

forested lands, lakes and rivers of indescribable<br />

beauty, known as Palisades. When snowfall<br />

was great, the run-off of the South Fork of<br />

the Snake River used to flood the lands<br />

between Heise and Roberts; yet after a dry year,<br />

there was considerable crop loss. Therefore<br />

dedicated men united their efforts for a dam<br />

site on the river fifty miles east of Idaho Falls<br />

to provide supplemental water storage for dry<br />

years. Sacrificing some loss of homes and other<br />

property, they realized success when Palisades<br />

Dam was begun in 1952 and completed in<br />

1957. At that time it was the largest earthfilled<br />

dam built by the Department of<br />

Interior, and contained 1,400,000 acre feet<br />

of water. Now summer homes dot the perimeter<br />

of Palisades Reservoir, where many enjoy<br />

outdoor sports activities. Most important, it<br />

provides water, electricity, and much useful<br />

farm land.<br />

3 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

Swan Valley, forty-five miles east of Idaho<br />

Falls, is nestled between the snow-capped<br />

slopes of the Targhee and Caribou Ranges and<br />

is said to resemble Switzerland. It includes<br />

the towns of Alpine, Palisades, Irwin and Swan<br />

Valley. The thousands of beautiful swan, for<br />

which the valley was named, decreased until<br />

today none are generally seen there.<br />

Probably the first white visitor was John<br />

Coulter in 1808. In the early 1800s horse thieves<br />

and renegades sought cover in this region, where<br />

Bannack and Shoshone Indians also ranged. In<br />

1879 the Ross and Higham brothers moved into<br />

Swan Valley, bringing over 1,000 head of cattle<br />

to forage on the abundant feed. However, transporting<br />

supplies in and out was dangerous due<br />

to the treacherous waters of the South Fork of<br />

the Snake River. Imagine having to dismantle a<br />

wagon, mower or other implement, then row it<br />

across piece by piece, then reassemble it. So in<br />

1885 the Higham brothers built a ferry. When<br />

sheep men from Nevada and Utah began bringing<br />

in their huge sheep herds, the ranchers in<br />

Swan Valley, who objected to sharing their land,<br />

released their own ferry so that neither man nor<br />

beast could cross the turbulent waters of the<br />

South Fork.<br />

North and West Borders. Traveling seventyfive<br />

miles due west, we see rich farm lands of<br />

potatoes, grains and alfalfa hay. We approach<br />

the muzzle of the pistol, the western boundary<br />

of <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>, only fourteen miles in<br />

length, a vast expanse of lava and sagebrush.<br />

Agnes Just Reid, one of Idaho’s beloved authors,<br />

living only a few miles from Idaho Falls, wrote<br />

four lines entitled “Fellowship”:<br />

The Irish have their shamrock,<br />

The Scott his bonny heather.<br />

In Idaho, it’s the sagebrush<br />

That holds us all together.<br />

Lava formations in the foothills of Eastern<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> form an impermeable basement<br />

floor on which the ground water moves.<br />

Black basalt eruptions are distinctive features of<br />

our landscape.<br />

Idaho Falls, the hub of the great Upper<br />

Snake River valley, seems the trigger to make the<br />

pistol click.<br />

✧<br />

Sagebrush covered Eagle Rock.<br />


C h a p t e r 5 ✦ 3 3

CHAPTER 6<br />

I D A H O F A L L S E X P A N D S D O W N T O W N , 1 9 1 1 - 1 9 3 0<br />

✧<br />

The Oregon Shortline Railroad opened<br />

its new Idaho Falls depot downtown<br />

in 1911, on present Yellowstone<br />

Avenue facing C Street, now<br />

Constitution Way. Grass was planted<br />

in the C Street median. The depot was<br />

torn down in 1964 because its use<br />

was declining and the street in front of<br />

the depot, Yellowstone Avenue was<br />

being widened.<br />



Important buildings were built between 1911 and 1930 on and near C Street (Constitution Way),<br />

which stretched from the railroad tracks on the east nearly to the river on the west. Among these<br />

were the railroad passenger depot (1910-11), the Federal Building with Post Office (1914), the<br />

Courthouse (1919), and City Hall (1930).<br />

R A I L R O A D<br />

D E P O T<br />

In 1910-1911 Oregon Short Line Railway built a new passenger depot at Cottage Street (North<br />

Yellowstone Avenue) and C Street (Constitution Way). The large wooden and brick structure was<br />

part of a major line relocation through Idaho Falls. North of the Depot an underpass was<br />

constructed for Birch Street, with a lava rock pump house for the underpass. The freight depot a<br />

block to the south was also expanded.<br />

F E D E R A L B U I L D I N G , P O S T O F F I C E<br />

U. S. Secretary of the Treasury William G. McAdoo laid the cornerstone for the Federal Building<br />

on Park Avenue and C Street in 1914, drawing a huge crowd. Prior to 1914 the Postal Service<br />

had moved from at least three locations, including the stage station, the southwest corner of<br />

Broadway Street and Capital Avenue and at 360 A Street.<br />

Later, in 1957, the Main Post Office was moved to Fourth and Freeman Streets, with the<br />

downtown location remaining as a station until operations were moved to a new site at Memorial<br />

Drive and F Street.<br />

3 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y<br />

C O U R T H O U S E<br />

Property for the courthouse site was<br />

purchased in July of 1912, with building<br />

plans approved by the commissioners on<br />

August 12, 1919. The courthouse was formally<br />

opened on March 16, 1921, and still houses<br />

most county offices. The City-<strong>County</strong> Law<br />

Enforcement Building, opened in 1978,<br />

now houses city and county law enforcement<br />

departments, courts, and the jail. The courthouse<br />

is now listed on the National Register of<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Places as an example of neo-classical<br />

public architecture. I D A H O F A L L S C I T Y H A L L<br />

In 1928 the city council purchased property<br />

and discussed plans for a new fire station. In<br />

October, bids were opened for excavation of the<br />

basement, and the plans were extended to include<br />

a police station and city hall. In August 1929<br />

the city council decided to move city offices to<br />

the new fire station building. Construction on<br />

the city hall unit was begun on May 2, 1930,<br />

with the formal opening on November 16, 1930.<br />

The building continues to serve with no major<br />

structural changes, although some services have<br />

been moved to other locations.<br />

✧<br />

Top: <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> Court House.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

Above: Idaho Falls City Building.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

Left: Federal Building on Park<br />

Avenue, Post Office, 1914-1957.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

C h a p t e r 6 ✦ 3 5

T H E A T R E S<br />

✧<br />

Above: Construction of the Idaho Falls<br />

Carnegie Library, which later housed<br />

the county museum.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

Below: World War I Memorial<br />

Fountain on Memorial Drive.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

C A R N E G I E<br />

L I B R A R Y<br />

The City of Idaho Falls received a $15,000<br />

grant in 1909 from the Carnegie Foundation<br />

to construct a library. The cornerstone was laid<br />

in 1914 and the building completed in 1916.<br />

By the 1970s the city had outgrown its library,<br />

and a new facility was built to replace it. The<br />

Carnegie Library is now a part of the Museum<br />

of Idaho complex and is listed on the National<br />

Register of <strong>Historic</strong> Places.<br />

In 1908 the first motion picture theater, the<br />

Dime Theater, was opened on Broadway Street.<br />

Two more theaters soon followed—the Scenic<br />

on Broadway Street and the Star on Park Avenue.<br />

The American Theater, later known as the Gayety,<br />

opened on A Street in 1915. That same year<br />

the Rex Theater opened on Park Avenue, near<br />

B Street, where it is now known as the Centre<br />

Theatre. In 1919 the Colonial Theater (later<br />

changed to the Paramount Theater) was built at<br />

a cost of $50,000, with 696 seats downstairs<br />

and 331 in the balcony. It hosted traveling<br />

vaudeville acts, minstrel shows, dance revues,<br />

etc. Today it is part of the Willard Arts Center.<br />

M E M O R I A L<br />

D R I V E<br />

Memorial Drive was begun as a memorial<br />

to honor twenty-six servicemen who gave<br />

their lives during World War I. Twenty-six<br />

Norwegian maple trees were planted in the<br />

center of the drive, along with a memorial<br />

fountain and flagpole. At the foot of each tree<br />

3 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

was a bronze tablet on a granite base bearing<br />

the name of one of these valiant men. The site<br />

was dedicated on Armistice Day 1922.<br />

In 1959 the plaques were removed and<br />

reinstalled in a rose garden plot south of the<br />

LDS Hospital, which was south of the present<br />

Idaho Falls LDS Temple.<br />

The LDS Hospital filled an increasing need<br />

for medical services when it was opened on<br />

September 22, 1923. It went through many<br />

expansions in the ensuing years. After Eastern<br />

Idaho Regional Medical Center was opened in<br />

the city’s southeast area, the LDS Hospital and<br />

Nursing Home were razed in 1987.<br />

✧<br />

Above: The south side of Broadway<br />

and Shoup Streets. The building in the<br />

center was built in 1905; the Scenic<br />

Theatre is beside it.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

Below: Latter-day Saints Hospital<br />

south of the temple on<br />

Memorial Drive.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

C h a p t e r 6 ✦ 3 7

CHAPTER 7<br />

C I T Y G R O W T H H I G H L I G H T S T O 1 9 4 5<br />

C H U R C H E S<br />

✧<br />

The interior of Trinity<br />

Methodist Church.<br />


Idaho Falls people have welcomed churches and filled them. Pioneers met in homes, then shared<br />

their early meetinghouses. Beginning in the 1880s Protestants and Church of Jesus Christ of<br />

Latter-day Saints built churches.<br />

Trinity United Methodist Church with its pipe organ and stained glass windows was built in<br />

1917 on Elm and Water Streets.<br />

The First Presbyterian Church was built downtown at the corner of Shoup and A Streets in<br />

the early 1880s. The present church was built in the Greek classic style at Ridge and Elm Streets<br />

and dedicated in 1920.<br />

Churches in rural communities often served also at first for school and recreation, as did the<br />

Swedish-speaking Mission Church in early New Sweden.<br />

Catholics worshipped at Holy Rosary Parish on Eastern Avenue until they dedicated their new<br />

church at Ninth and Lee Streets in 1920; the Holy Rosary School opened there the next year.<br />

The city celebrated with the Mormons when the Idaho Falls Temple was dedicated in 1945 at<br />

the end of World War II. This first LDS temple in Idaho was reflected in the Snake River and<br />

beautified the north end of Memorial Drive.<br />

3 8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

✧<br />

Top: Idaho Falls Temple, Church of<br />

Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints,<br />

about 1945.<br />


Middle: First Presbyterian Church,<br />

this building was dedicated in 1920.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

Bottom: Holy Rosary Catholic Church<br />

on Ninth Street.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

C h a p t e r 7 ✦ 3 9

✧<br />

Pinecrest Golf Course clubhouse.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

P A R K S A N D R E C R E A T I O N<br />

Idaho Falls was planned so that anyone<br />

can be within walking distance of either a<br />

school playground or a park. The Snake River<br />

Geenbelt now appeals to many with its beautiful<br />

walking paths.<br />

G O L F<br />

The city purchased the municipal golf<br />

course on East Elva from the I. F. Country Club<br />

in 1935 and developed it into a beautiful<br />

18-hole all-grass golf course, complete with<br />

trees and a clubhouse. George Orullian was<br />

hired in 1936 as golf professional and served<br />

thirty-eight years. In 1964 the golf course<br />

was renamed Pinecrest and remains popular.<br />

The city has since developed three other<br />

courses, in addition to Country Club’s private<br />

golf course.<br />

B A S E B A L L<br />

In 1902 Rube Grimm organized a team<br />

that played on a diamond between C and D<br />

Streets, across from the future railroad<br />

depot. In 1904 the ball park was moved<br />

across the river south of the railroad bridge.<br />

In 1917 the city bought a field adjoining<br />

Highland Park to add a baseball field to the<br />

park. Idaho Falls played in the Utah-Idaho<br />

League in the 1920s; in 1940 Pioneer League<br />

came to Highland Park. After fire destroyed<br />

the main grandstand in 1975, McDermott<br />

Field was built at the same location in 1976.<br />

The team has had various names and affiliations<br />

and loyal fans. In 2006 the ballpark was<br />

renamed Melaleuca Field.<br />

T O U R I S M A N D H O T E L S<br />

Because of its location on the path to<br />

Yellowstone Park, Idaho Falls has long<br />

accommodated tourists. Idaho Falls’ Club of<br />

Commerce published a promotional brochure<br />

in 1910, which read:<br />

No centralized business region in America is<br />

so conveniently situated with respect to nature’s<br />

great playgrounds as is this region of the<br />

Upper Snake River Valley. One hundred eight<br />

miles northeast of Idaho Falls on the Park<br />

Branch of the Oregon Shortline Railroad lies<br />

the west entrance to the Yellowstone National<br />

Park, the greatest region of natural wonders to<br />

be found on earth. Thousands pass through<br />

Idaho Falls each season, while during the park<br />

visiting season scores of parties in commodious<br />

and comfortable camp wagons are seen moving<br />

along the country roads all directed toward the<br />

Park, or homeward bound.<br />

4 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

As early as 1865 stage passengers could find<br />

a place to rest at the Eagle Rock stage station, a<br />

crude two-room log cabin operated by the<br />

Anderson brothers. “Uncle Dick” Chamberlain<br />

built a two-story saloon which had rooms<br />

available as well as food and drink, but it was<br />

George Heath who built the real hotel in 1886,<br />

an adobe structure named the Burgess House<br />

on Eagle Rock Street and South Capital Avenue.<br />

Later called the Brooks Hotel, it served for a<br />

few years.<br />

A series of hotels closer to the heart of town<br />

followed. Mr. and Mrs. A. V. Scott built the<br />

Scott Hotel on a small hill on Lava Street. It<br />

opened in January 1892, but was destroyed by<br />

fire in August, so the Scotts took over management<br />

of the Graehl Hotel, a one-story stone<br />

building on Broadway Street, built about the<br />

same time as Scott’s. N. D. Porter took over<br />

the hotel in about 1901 until 1930 and<br />

renamed it the Porter Hotel. Its upper parts<br />

were then converted into twenty-four apartments<br />

and it was sold and reopened in 1930<br />

as the New Porter Hotel. Newer good hotels,<br />

such as the Hotel Idaho, were built downtown,<br />

clustering on C Street between the courthouse<br />

and railroad depot.<br />

B O N N E V I L L E<br />

H O T E L<br />

By the mid-1920s the community needed a<br />

bigger and more luxurious hotel, so, as a cooperative<br />

effort of 481 citizens of the city, <strong>Bonneville</strong><br />

Hotel was conceived in 1926 and built in<br />

1927. The Community Hotel Corporation was<br />

headed by local attorney O. A. Johannesen and<br />

financed through the Hockenbury System of<br />

Pennsylvania. <strong>Bonneville</strong> Hotel was designed<br />

and built by the H. L. Stevens Company of<br />

San Francisco in less than a year at a cost of<br />

$335,000. Located at the corner of C Street and<br />

Park Avenue, the impressive five-story building<br />

was designed in the Italian Renaissance style<br />

with a brick facade in a range of brown tones,<br />

ornamental iron balconies and Spanish tile<br />

grooves. Originally under jurisdiction of Hotel<br />

Utah, it soon became the meeting area the<br />

community residents had envisioned. Along<br />

with seventy-six guest rooms, it housed a cafeteria,<br />

club room and banquet room to seat 300.<br />

The Rogers Hotel was opened in 1937 by<br />

B. M. “Brunt” Rogers on the corner of Shoup<br />

and B Streets. Since then the motel business has<br />

replaced hotels; motels now line the western<br />

banks of the Snake River.<br />

✧<br />

Hotel <strong>Bonneville</strong>.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

C h a p t e r 7 ✦ 4 1

CHAPTER 8<br />

A T O M I C E N E R G Y A R R I V E S A N D C U L T U R E T H R I V E S<br />

✧<br />

Atomic Energy Commission site.<br />



Nuclear energy broadened and enlivened <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> when scientists and their families<br />

relocated here from many states to work at “the site.” This influx of scientists, construction workers<br />

and others spurred home-building and improved all aspects of the community, beginning in 1949.<br />

Locals were employed, schools were built and improved, fine arts were nourished with talented<br />

newcomers, and the county developed educationally, economically, and artistically.<br />

H I S T O R Y O F T H E I D A H O N A T I O N A L L A B O R A T O R Y<br />

by Bradley P. Bugger<br />

When most people think about nuclear power and the end of World War II, they think about the<br />

atomic bombing of Japan, which finally brought an end to the Second World War—and the<br />

beginning of the “Cold War” race to build nuclear weaponry between the U. S. and the Communist<br />

bloc. But in the middle of the eastern Idaho desert, atomic scientists were quietly shifting their focus<br />

away from military uses of the atom and towards more peaceful endeavors. After the end of WWII,<br />

the U. S. government realized that nuclear power had a lot of potential—but government scientists<br />

weren’t exactly sure where that potential would lead. So they started looking for a place to<br />

experiment with the new-found power of the atom, and their search led them to a former Naval<br />

Proving Ground about fifty miles west of Idaho Falls.<br />

4 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

On February 18, 1949, the Atomic Energy<br />

Commission announced it was going to build<br />

the National Reactor Testing Station on<br />

government property that had already been<br />

battered with ammunition from Navy guns<br />

and thousands of pounds of TNT from Army<br />

ordnance testing. Leonard E. Johnston was<br />

chosen by the AEC to manage a field office near<br />

the testing station. His job was to adapt the<br />

old Naval Proving Grounds to its new use: to<br />

construct, operate and test nuclear reactors.<br />

Thus began a spirited competition for the<br />

prize of hosting the AEC’s new field office<br />

between the four towns closest to the new<br />

test site: Arco, Blackfoot, Pocatello and Idaho<br />

Falls. Each city offered its own advantages<br />

and had to overcome its own disadvantages.<br />

In the end, Idaho Falls won out, and on<br />

May 18, 1949, Johnston announced that<br />

the AEC would be leasing the Rogers Hotel<br />

in downtown Idaho Falls as its “Idaho<br />

headquarters.” Even though the AEC announced<br />

that initial hiring would probably be limited to<br />

about fifty people over the first year, “winning”<br />

the AEC headquarters designation was a<br />

huge, long-term achievement for Idaho Falls<br />

and <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>. Now some sixtytwo<br />

years later, the economic benefits of<br />

what eventually became the Idaho National<br />

Laboratory are impressive indeed.<br />

Of course, <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> is not the only<br />

beneficiary of the INL. All of Idaho benefits, as a<br />

recent study by Boise State University illustrates:<br />

when the study was performed in 2009, the<br />

INL generated a total economic impact exceeding<br />

$3.5 billion, boosted personal income in Idaho<br />

by nearly $2 billion, and was responsible for<br />

more than 24,000 jobs in the state.<br />

During its humble beginnings in the early<br />

1950s, however, the government managers of<br />

the NRTS were not nearly as concerned about<br />

the positive impacts the site would have on the<br />

local economy as they were on performing their<br />

assigned mission of testing and developing<br />

nuclear power. Their first “tool” in carrying<br />

out that mission was completed in 1951:<br />

Experimental Breeder Reactor 1. Designed and<br />

developed by Argonne National Laboratory, an<br />

arm of the University of Chicago and the primary<br />

“brains” behind the Manhattan Project, EBR-1<br />

was designed to demonstrate that a nuclear<br />

reactor could “breed” more fuel than it<br />

consumed. The reactor core, which was made of<br />

fissionable uranium-235 fuel rods, was encased<br />

in “blanket fuel” made of uranium-238. When<br />

the reactor went “critical,” the neutrons generated<br />

by the fission process would be absorbed by the<br />

non-fissionable uranium-238 and “transmute”<br />

into plutonium-239—a fissionable element that<br />

could be re-used as reactor fuel.<br />

✧<br />

Good News, May 18, 1949.<br />



C h a p t e r 8 ✦ 4 3

✧<br />

Early photograph of the<br />

Idaho Falls Greenbelt.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

Of course, another primary goal of the<br />

reactor was to produce useable quantities of<br />

electricity—something no other reactor had<br />

done to this point. On August 24, 1951—a<br />

little more than two years after the decision<br />

was made to site NRTS in Idaho—EBR-1<br />

went “critical” for the first time. After some<br />

adjustments to the fuel load and the reactor<br />

design, EBR-1 generated the first useable<br />

quantities of nuclear power on December 20,<br />

1951. The reactor was connected via generator<br />

to four light bulbs, which were lighted at<br />

1:23 p.m. Laboratory Director Walter Zinn<br />

captured the moment in his log book thusly:<br />

“Electricity flows from atomic energy. Rough<br />

estimate indicates 45 kw.”<br />

EBR-1 would be the first of fifty-two<br />

nuclear reactors to be constructed at the<br />

NRTS (now the Idaho National Laboratory<br />

or INL) over the years. The reactors were<br />

basically divided into two different categories:<br />

materials reactors, which tested different<br />

kinds of materials for use in reactor fuels<br />

and components; and experimental reactors,<br />

which were used to establish operating and<br />

safety parameters for different reactor designs.<br />

Nearly every power reactor in operation in<br />

the world today can trace its materials and/<br />

or design back to research performed at<br />

the INL.<br />

At the same time as the INL was leading the<br />

world in nuclear power research, the lab was also<br />

serving a number of defense customers. Chief<br />

among these was the nuclear Navy, which used<br />

the INL site to develop designs and continue<br />

research into materials for nuclear-powered<br />

warships. Thousands of sailors also trained on<br />

three prototype reactors located at the INL’s<br />

Naval Reactors Facility until it was shut down<br />

in the early 1990s. Spent fuel from Navy ships<br />

and other government sources was reprocessed<br />

at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant from<br />

the 1950s until the early 1990s, in order to<br />

recover reusable highly-enriched uranium.<br />

The INL has hosted a wide range of research<br />

and production initiatives over the years. Some,<br />

such as work on a nuclear-powered airplane in<br />

the 1950s, might seem like pure folly these days.<br />

Yet research on nuclear airplane engines yielded<br />

a great deal of knowledge about materials. A<br />

formerly unused airplane hangar is used today<br />

to manufacture super-strong armor for the U. S.<br />

Army’s main battle tanks. Generations of eastern<br />

Idahoans have worked at the INL over its sixtytwo-year<br />

history, and many have made significant<br />

contributions to <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> communities<br />

during that time. The INL remains a world<br />

leader in nuclear energy and national security<br />

research and development and a significant<br />

contributor to the <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> way of life.<br />

4 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

F I N E A R T S T H R I V E<br />

The Idaho Falls Arts Council, organized in<br />

1990, was an outgrowth of years of interest<br />

in the fine arts—music, dancing, theater, and<br />

visual arts. Idaho Falls Music Club, formed in<br />

1912, begat later organizations, such as Idaho<br />

Falls Symphony and Idaho Falls Opera Theater.<br />

IFMC still encourages thousands of local music<br />

students. Chesbro Music, which still operates<br />

on Broadway, began with Horace Chesbro<br />

selling pianos in 1915. Still a family-owned and<br />

operated business, it is a major wholesaler of<br />

musical products in the U.S. and abroad.<br />

Chesbro encouraged school bands; A. L. Gifford<br />

was a popular bandmaster in Idaho Falls<br />

schools, where he taught for forty years. Idaho<br />

Falls Symphony began with rehearsals for<br />

Handel’s Messiah in 1949, and presented its first<br />

concert, conducted by Marcel Bird, in 1950 in<br />

the O. E. Bell Junior High School auditorium.<br />

It is a well-respected local symphony.<br />

Eastern Idaho Museum of Art, located beside<br />

the river on Capital Avenue, and other<br />

downtown galleries represent the community’s<br />

interest in visual arts. Idaho Falls Opera<br />

Theatre has performed major operas and other<br />

programs since 1977. Theater and dancing<br />

continue to entertain. Since 1953 the Idaho<br />

Falls Civic Auditorium has hosted many of<br />

these events. Since 2003 Museum of Idaho has<br />

brought premium exhibits and educational<br />

opportunities to the public. It is housed in an<br />

expansion of the old Carnegie Library.<br />

Of nature’s art, nothing is more beautiful or<br />

frequently used than the Snake River Greenbelt.<br />

E A S T E R N I D A H O R E G I O N A L<br />

M E D I C A L C E N T E R<br />

Eastern Idaho Regional Medical Center opened<br />

in 1986 as an outgrowth of a consolidation then<br />

closing of the previous hospitals, earlier operated<br />

by Catholic and LDS churches. An asset to the<br />

region, it serves a population of 300,000 with<br />

its staff of more than 1,000 degreed/certified/<br />

licensed employees.<br />

E D U C A T I O N<br />

Idaho Falls High School with its Civic<br />

Auditorium was opened in 1953 at the edge of<br />

the city development. Since then neighborhoods<br />

and business areas have developed in all<br />

directions. New high schools were built on the<br />

west—Skyline High School, and on the east—<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> High School and Hillcrest High<br />

School (<strong>Bonneville</strong> School District 93) in<br />

Ammon. Many elementary, middle, and junior<br />

high schools, as well as private and charter<br />

schools, serve our youth.<br />

✧<br />

Top: Idaho Falls Civic Auditorium.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

Above: Horace Chesbro.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

Left: A. L. Gifford, bandmaster.<br />


C h a p t e r 8 ✦ 4 5

CHAPTER 9<br />

I R R I G A T I O N A N D P A L I S A D E S D A M<br />

✧<br />

Groundbreaking ceremony for the<br />

construction of Palisades Dam.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

Irrigation was promised in 1871 when Professor Hayden, a geologist, visited and reported the<br />

soil was “composed of a rich sandy loam that needs but the addition of water to make it excellent<br />

farming land.” He said the water in the Snake River could irrigate nearly a thousand square miles<br />

of land in the valley. Irrigation would enable farming to flourish.<br />

During the settlement of the area from 1882 to 1900 many families migrating from Utah and<br />

other states dug canals from the Snake River. When they found that canals connected to the South<br />

Channel became dry in the summer, farmers cooperatively decided in 1894 to cut a large canal<br />

further upstream (north) to carry water through the flat sagebrush-covered land to fill the dry<br />

channel, which was called the “dry bed.” They thus created the Great Feeder, so named because it<br />

fed many other canals. The Great Feeder Canal was made 100 feet wide in the bottom with a large<br />

stone head-gate to control the flow of irrigation water. This head-gate, 116 feet from end to end,<br />

was considered in 1955 to be the largest in the United States. It has nine big piers, a bridge on top,<br />

is a mile in length, and connects the main river with the dry bed (the formerly dry channel). Located<br />

five miles northeast of Ririe in Jefferson <strong>County</strong>, The Great Feeder was dedicated in 1895. 34<br />

4 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

D A M S<br />

In about 1900 the Idaho Canal Company and<br />

Great Western Canal Companies formed into irrigation<br />

districts, and soon built a dam across the<br />

Snake River 12 miles north of Idaho Falls. Later,<br />

in 1912, a modern reinforced concrete dam was<br />

built behind the old wood dam to replace it. But<br />

the old dam remains as a tribute to early irrigation<br />

and to retain the honor of being the first dam<br />

to span the Snake River for irrigation purposes.<br />

During the summer of 1901 a second dam<br />

was constructed across the river, about two miles<br />

north of Idaho Falls, at the head of the old Porter<br />

Canal on the west side of the river. It was built<br />

for the Great Western Canal Company, which<br />

later became the New Sweden Irrigation District.<br />

Two more dams were built not only for irrigation<br />

purposes but also to supply power and control<br />

flooding. These were the Palisades Dam in the<br />

1950s and the Ririe Dam in the 1960s.<br />

P A L I S A D E S D A M<br />

by Helen McMullin<br />

Pioneer farmers settling near Rexburg and<br />

Blackfoot in the early 1870s developed the first<br />

irrigation in the Upper Snake River Valley. By<br />

1900, more than 500,000 acres were irrigated.<br />

But a more reliable system for storing water,<br />

reducing flood damage and providing electricity<br />

was needed to sustain further growth.<br />

The Minidoka Project, established in 1904,<br />

provided part of that stability by building five<br />

dams in Wyoming and Idaho for water storage<br />

and electricity. However, an unusually long<br />

drought in the early 1930s proved that another<br />

reservoir was needed, and the search for a suitable<br />

dam site on the Upper Snake River started in 1932.<br />

Twenty-seven sites were originally investigated.<br />

Of those, thirteen were found to be geologically<br />

unsuited while others were eliminated for<br />

various other reasons. The site finally chosen in<br />

1939 was at Calamity Point on the Snake River,<br />

about fifty-five miles east of Idaho Falls. Originally<br />

called “Grand Valley,” the name was changed in<br />

1941 to the Palisades Project to avoid confusion<br />

with the Grand Valley Project in Colorado.<br />

The Bureau of Reclamation received authorization<br />

for the Palisades Project in 1941, but<br />

World War II delayed all progress on the project<br />

In 1956, Daughters of Utah Pioneers erected a monument painted by<br />

Elaine Lingren [McChesney] on the greenbelt near Memorial Drive and<br />

D Street to honor irrigation pioneers. It reads:<br />

U P P E R S N A K E R I V E R V A L L E Y I R R I G A T I O N<br />

The fertile soil and abundance of water in this valley lured pioneer<br />

settlers. With small slip scrapers, hand plows, picks and shovels, they<br />

cleared sagebrush, built log homes, made canals, ditches and dams to put<br />

water on the land. One of the first canals was built in 1879-1880. Rock<br />

and brush dams were built to divert water into headgates. Men lost their<br />

lives in this work. Later canals were enlarged and better dams built.<br />

The largest dam, known as the “Great Feeder”, completed June 22, 1895,<br />

diverts water from South Fork into a network of canals. Through<br />

consolidation of canal systems, 700,000 acres of irrigated land with 100<br />

canals, known as the Upper Portion of District No. 36, are using 4,150,000<br />

acre feet of water from the river and its tributaries each irrigation season.<br />

Here the dream of reclaimed desert has been brought to full fruition.<br />

This is the legacy left by those pioneers to present and future generations.<br />

until 1945. Between 1945 and 1951, offices and<br />

housing were erected and preconstruction work<br />

done on the dam site, including the rerouting of<br />

fifty miles of road and construction of transmission<br />

lines which would eventually carry electricity<br />

from the dam. Work stopped each year when<br />

severe winter weather hit. Congress reauthorized<br />

the project in September 1950 and actual work<br />

on the dam began in 1951. Palisades Dam was<br />

completed in 1957 with the generating plant<br />

coming online in 1958.<br />

✧<br />

Irrigation Monument on Memorial<br />

Drive greenbelt.<br />


C h a p t e r 9 ✦ 4 7

✧<br />

Right: Completed Palisades Dam.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

Below: Map of <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong><br />

irrigation system showing three major<br />

canal sources:<br />

1. Idaho & Great Western Canals<br />

Diversion Dam in the Snake River.<br />

2. Porter Canal Diversion Dam in<br />

the Snake River.<br />

3. The Great Feeder Canal and<br />

Head Gates at the Snake River.<br />

11. Palisade Dam and Lake<br />

on the Snake River.<br />

12. Ririe Dam and Lake on<br />

Willow Creek.<br />



Official dedication of the dam took place<br />

on July 24, 1952, with Idaho Senator Henry<br />

Dworshak as the keynote speaker. Idaho’s other<br />

senator, Herman Welker, Idaho Congressman<br />

Hamer Budge, Idaho Governor Len Jordan,<br />

and Idaho Falls Mayor E. W. Fanning were<br />

among the speakers at the ceremony. Idaho<br />

Falls attorney W. S. Holden served as master of<br />

ceremonies for the event.<br />

B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y I R R I G A T I O N S Y S T E M<br />

On February 16, 1957, a ceremony marking<br />

the official start of power generation was held at<br />

the dam, with Wilbur Dexheimer, commissioner<br />

of reclamation, as the keynote speaker.<br />

The earth fill dam is 270 feet high and 2,100<br />

feet long and at the time was the largest earth<br />

fill dam built by the Bureau of Reclamation.<br />

Palisades Reservoir, formed behind the dam,<br />

holds approximately 1.2 million acre feet of<br />

water and is twenty-one miles long.<br />

While the dam was constructed primarily<br />

for irrigation, flood control and water storage<br />

needs, it also produces hydroelectric power,<br />

which is primarily used to meet large irrigation<br />

pumping power requirements on and near the<br />

Minidoka Project.<br />

For sportsmen and outdoor enthusiasts,<br />

Palisades Reservoir offers some 16,000 acres of<br />

water surface with a seventy mile shoreline, and<br />

provides fishing, boating, water skiing, camping,<br />

picnicking and sightseeing opportunities<br />

for thousands of local residents and tourists<br />

each year.<br />

No miracle ever wrought, more gracious,<br />

more marvelous seems,<br />

Than the passing of the sage-brush gray,<br />

Receding from sight with the yesterday. 35<br />

4 8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

CHAPTER 10<br />

A M M O N<br />

Ammon was first called South Iona when early Mormon settlers began to file claims on 160-<br />

acre parcels in the area east of Sand Creek in 1883-1885. John Empey and Albert Owen were<br />

among the first. Their challenges were to “grub”, or clear, the sagebrush, dig ditches, and build<br />

head gates for irrigation. In 1889 a branch of the LDS Church was organized with Arthur M. Rawson<br />

as presiding elder. “Old Hall” became the place for church, school, and recreation. On January 23,<br />

1899, the Ammon town-site, named for a Book of Mormon missionary, was dedicated by the<br />

Owen family.<br />

First homes were built of logs, clay and straw, but settlers worked hard for better homes.<br />

Settlers hauled logs for the first public building. The new school was made of bricks and had a bell<br />

tower. On October 10, 1905, the village of Ammon was incorporated. As the town grew, the red<br />

church was built. It faithfully served the community for fifty years. In 1915 a permit was obtained<br />

for a store on the corner of Sunnyside and Ammon Road to replace the old Mercantile. It still<br />

serves the community.<br />

Until about 1949 Ammon was a farming community. But during the next two decades things<br />

began to change. Hillview Village was annexed, and in 1961 the Village of Ammon became<br />

the City of Ammon. No longer rural, but home to over 13,000 residents, it is still a familyoriented<br />

community.<br />

✧<br />

Old Ammon Hall.<br />


C h a p t e r 1 0 ✦ 4 9

✧<br />

Above: Ammon’s first public building.<br />


Right: Home by Ammon-Lincoln Road<br />

and Sunnyside Road.<br />


5 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

CHAPTER 11<br />

B O N E<br />

Bone is a hill community still used by ranchers for horses, cattle and sheep. About twenty miles<br />

southeast of Idaho Falls on the Bone Road, its history is remembered by Miranda Stringham, who<br />

wrote in People of the Hills,<br />

Not all left the hills, a few remained…part of a new era with powerful machinery,<br />

electric lights, modern cars…forgotten are those sulky plows, the horse power threshers,<br />

the hand churns, cream separators, horse-drawn vehicles, the cisterns, oil lanterns and the<br />

buggies. Gone, too, are the people who used them, but not forgotten.<br />

The Bone Store is still a landmark.<br />

A descendant of pioneers William Henry and Elza Elkington, Laverne Elkington<br />

Harker remembers fondly the dances. The dance floor was waxed with corn meal for<br />

smoothness because it had large cracks. It was in the building which was also used<br />

for school and church. Little children rested or slept on the benches at the sides.<br />

Everyone danced with everyone; very fast music. Orchestra provided by the Daniels family—violin,<br />

organ, accordion, drum. Dances were from 8 p.m. until midnight.<br />

The Elkingtons, Laverne’s parents, bought their ranch in 1924. The name “Bone” is likely derived<br />

from Orin Bone, the first postmaster, or else from early rancher Julius Bone. In her youth, she heard<br />

lots of coyotes and an occasional cougar crying at night.<br />

✧<br />

Top: Farming in Bone.<br />

Above: The Bone Store.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

We had about 400 acres fenced. In the morning we opened the gates to let the cows out. My job was to<br />

bring the cows and sheep in at night. I rode a horse and carried a gun for protection, but didn’t need to use it.<br />

The community endured a drought in about 1926, but the animals survived on sprouts.<br />

Family names persisting through the years include Barzee, Elkington, Judy, Empey, Stanger and<br />

Shurtliff and others. Tom Loertscher, whose family began ranching in Bone in about 1970, served<br />

as a county commissioner and state legislator. Formerly schooled in Bone, children now are bused<br />

to schools in <strong>Bonneville</strong> District 93. From the early 1900s for most of that century the Bone Rodeo<br />

was site of much excitement and camaraderie during the summer months. Bone was in the news in<br />

1982 when residents received their first telephone service as part of a television reality show.<br />

C h a p t e r 1 1 ✦ 5 1

CHAPTER 12<br />

C O L T M A N<br />

✧<br />

Jesse Wilkin’s homestead painted by<br />

Greg Sievers.<br />


Coltman is located in the northern part of the county next to the Jefferson <strong>County</strong> line with the<br />

Snake River on the west and Ucon on the east.<br />

When hardy pioneers came in the late 1800s, they found tall sagebrush and the mighty Snake<br />

River. They had to find a way to clear the land and bring water from the river to their crops without<br />

the aid of heavy equipment. They usually cleared a few acres each year. Some used a rail from the<br />

railroad, and with a team of horses on each end, drug it across the sagebrush in one direction and<br />

then in the other direction. That would usually break off the sagebrush, which they would pile up<br />

and burn with huge bonfires. Digging ditches and canals was also a monumental task, but over the<br />

years the area became productive.<br />

Originally the area was called “Poverty Flats.” People first lived mostly in tents or wagon boxes<br />

until they were able to build crude log cabins. Pioneer homes were usually two rooms with<br />

a fireplace of rocks at one end. Fuel was sagebrush, willows, or scrub cedar hauled from the lavas<br />

south of Idaho Falls. The logs were chinked with mud, and the windows made of oiled muslin.<br />

Beds were large bags filled with straw.<br />

5 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

These hard-working people made time for<br />

entertainment—parties, picnics, plays, dances,<br />

ball games. For plays they made a stage in<br />

the frame school house by laying planks<br />

on some sawhorses, devising a curtain, and<br />

using kerosene lamp footlights. The well-loved<br />

Nelson family orchestra played for dances for<br />

over twenty-two years.<br />

Today only a few residents farm; most work<br />

in the city. Many new homes have been built.<br />

Coltman still has a store, a church, a school, and<br />

lots of great people.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Coltman LDS Church was<br />

dedicated in 1929.<br />


Below: Coltman monument of<br />

Eagle Rock Ferry crossing.<br />


C h a p t e r 1 2 ✦ 5 3

CHAPTER 13<br />

D E H L I N<br />

by Jean Schwieder<br />

✧<br />

Dehlin school house, c. 1920.<br />


Homestead opportunities brought many families from Utah to the foothills in the early 1900s.<br />

Traveling to their homesteads in wagons and buggies, they settled in Taylor, Dehlin, Ozone, Bone,<br />

and Grays Lake areas.<br />

Women and children worked alongside men building, preparing land for crops and gardens,<br />

digging wells or hauling water from nearby springs, and caring for livestock, along with their<br />

household chores. Many of the men traveled to the valley and worked in the Lincoln sugar factory<br />

during the fall in order to make ends meet. This left the women and children to take care of the<br />

livestock and farm chores.<br />

Education and religion were priorities. As soon as they could, they constructed buildings<br />

for school and church. Schools were built in Taylorsville, Gray’s Lake, Wayan, Williamsburg, Bridge<br />

Creek, Herman, Eagle Creek, Glennore (Bone), Dehlin, Bulls Fork, Rock and Birch Creek, Deer<br />

Creek, Guyaz, Tipperary or Henry Creek, Enterprize, and probably other areas. Due to severe winters<br />

and busy times for the young and old, getting the farm ground ready to plant and harvest in spring<br />

and fall was a challenge. However, families tried to get their children to school as often as possible.<br />

Religion was an important part of their lives, and many LDS branches, wards, and Sunday<br />

Schools were established in the hills. Patriotism was something they all felt. Many young men<br />

served in the military in World War I, and some gave their lives. July Fourth was a big celebration<br />

in these communities, and everyone knew why they were celebrating.<br />

As the kids reached high school age, many families moved away from the hills. When the<br />

depression came after World War I, followed by a three year drought, most homesteaders had to<br />

move because they could no longer pay for their mortgages.<br />

People had to give up their dreams of owning land in the foothills beyond Idaho Falls, but they<br />

left behind a legacy of hard work and heartbreak.<br />

5 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

CHAPTER 14<br />

I O N A<br />

E A R L Y H I S T O R Y<br />

by Linden Bateman<br />

One hundred [and thirty] years ago a handful of hardy pioneers launched the first lonely assault<br />

on the stretch of sagebrush wilderness which would become the community of Iona. The year was<br />

1883, only twenty years after President Abraham Lincoln established the territory of Idaho and<br />

seven years before Idaho became a state.<br />

These men coming from Utah filed homestead entries in 1883 on land about two miles west of<br />

the present town site of Iona, in east <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>. They were Rufus Norton, Joseph Mulliner,<br />

and James Stewart. They moved with their families to the area in 1884 and were joined by the<br />

families of Chris Olsen, C. J. Owens, John Norton, Ted Cox, Hans Hansen, Leander Norton, and<br />

James Reynolds. They were soon to be followed by George Ward, James E. Steele, the Longhurst<br />

brothers, and in the next several years by the families of Henry Denning, Ole Olsen, W. H. Rushton,<br />

H. Dahlstrom, A. J. Stanger, and the Rockwoods.<br />

And what did they find? Sagebrush, nothing but sagebrush. No trees, just a few willows along<br />

Sand Creek. The sagebrush was high, however, indicating rich soil, and they planted the first<br />

grain ever in the soil by June 1884. The settlers were discouraged by cold, windy spring weather<br />

and the bleak landscape. It wasn’t until they were urged to remain by Wilford Woodruff and<br />

Heber J. Grant, Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints that they committed to<br />

put down their roots.<br />

How did the first settlers live? Some lived underground in dugouts; others built small sod-roofed<br />

cabins from logs they hauled from many miles or from mud and stone they quarried and cut by<br />

themselves. One such cabin is still found on the Reed Olsen farm, east of the town site.<br />

✧<br />

Quarry stones for the Iona<br />

Mercantile Company.<br />


C h a p t e r 1 4 ✦ 5 5

Davis Bitton, historian, wrote of Steele:<br />

James Steele was named [LDS] bishop of Iona.<br />

Later he became a counselor in the presidency of<br />

the Bannock [LDS] Stake and then president of<br />

Bingham Stake. For many years President Steele<br />

provided leadership…in the Snake River Valley.<br />

And he lived to see his dream come true as<br />

canals were dug and sage brush was replaced by<br />

fertile farms. 38<br />

D A N C I N G<br />

A T T H E I O N A M E R C<br />

✧<br />

Above: Iona Merc on Main Street.<br />


Below: James E. Steele.<br />

The Side Hill Canal, which brought the<br />

first irrigation water to the Iona area, was<br />

dug starting at a junction of Sand Creek and<br />

Willow Creek. It was dug with hand plows and<br />

scrapers, all the families taking their turns to<br />

work on the canal, often camping at the work<br />

site for one or two weeks at a time.<br />

James F. Shelley was the first school teacher<br />

in Iona. School was held in a log cabin. He<br />

also started the first store in Iona, the Iona<br />

Mercantile. The Merc was [later] housed in a<br />

handsome stone structure built in 1897. The<br />

building still stands as a proud landmark. For<br />

many years dances were held and basketball<br />

games played on the top floor.<br />

In 1888 a stone structure was begun which<br />

would eventually serve as a church house and<br />

a school. The building still stands, restored<br />

by the <strong>Bonneville</strong> Art Association. [The Stanger<br />

Memorial Building] is possibly the oldest<br />

major building still in use in <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong><br />

and restored in its historic setting for future<br />

generations to enjoy. 36<br />

James E. Steele purchased the 160 acres<br />

which would become the Iona town site for<br />

$200. He had the site surveyed and the streets<br />

laid out and then sold plots [at cost] to the<br />

settlers. Electricity reached the town in 1908.<br />

Although much work was left to be done, Iona<br />

could be described then as settled—she even<br />

had a brass band! 37<br />

For those too young to remember, the Merc<br />

was the community Walmart in the little towns<br />

across the American West. The earliest Merc<br />

buildings were undoubtedly simple wooden<br />

structures and the later ones might be of local<br />

brick or stone. Many commercial buildings in<br />

the West had a second floor with independent<br />

access by stairway most typically at the side<br />

of the building. The second floor usually had<br />

a great open space dedicated to community<br />

gatherings and dancing. The square dance had<br />

a caller. 39 I O N A H I S T O R I C<br />

P R E S E R V A T I O N<br />

Collecting history and housing it in restored<br />

buildings has been a work of Iona historian ZoAnn<br />

Simmons and her committee, who have published<br />

two volumes of Iona’s centennial history.<br />

Craig Rockwood, mayor of Iona, summarized<br />

Iona’s development during the twenty<br />

years since its centennial. He wrote in 2004,<br />

It has been interesting to witness the transformation<br />

of Iona from the small, independent<br />

farming community of my youth to a larger city<br />

much more dependent on the economy of the<br />

entire region. Our goals as city leaders are to<br />

preserve our rich heritage and to maintain as<br />

much as possible the rural lifestyle that has<br />

defined this community since its beginning.<br />

In 1992 the old LDS church building that<br />

had also been an elementary school was transformed<br />

into the Community Center. Each year<br />

they celebrate “Iona Days” on or near July 24.<br />

5 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

CHAPTER 15<br />

G R A Y S L A K E A N D C A R I B O U M O U N T A I N<br />

by Ellen Carney<br />

Grays Lake 40 lies in the southeastern tip of <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>, a 40,000-acre marshland bordered<br />

by meadow land in a valley about twenty-five miles long. The county line between <strong>Bonneville</strong> and<br />

Caribou counties divides the valley. The large marsh provides habitat for muskrats, geese, ducks,<br />

cranes, and numerous other species of birds and animals. In early years, it was one of the great<br />

beaver and muskrat districts of the country. Western influence in the area began with the fur<br />

trappers in 1817 or 1818. Grays Lake Valley, formerly known as Gray’s Hole, was named for its<br />

founder—John Gray, a half-breed Scottish-Iroquois, trapping with Donald McKenzie for Northwest<br />

Company’s Snake River Brigade.<br />

Early journals spoke of deer, elk, numerous buffalo, antelope, and other game animals, some no<br />

longer found in the area, as well as grizzly bears and hostile Indians. Thousands of travelers on their<br />

way to Oregon or California passed by the south end of Grays Lake marsh, along the Lander Trail.<br />

No one stopped to settle in Grays Lake at that time.<br />

In 1870, gold was discovered on the mountain (nearly 10,000 feet high) which dominated those<br />

surrounding the Grays Lake Valley. The discovery precipitated a minor gold rush. Jesse Fairchilds,<br />

F. S. Babcock, John Keenan and Frank McCoy are usually credited with the discovery. The mountain<br />

was then called Mt. Pisgah. The find became known as “Carriboo’s Diggins,” named for Fairchilds,<br />

who had become known as “Carriboo Jack” because of his frequent bragging about his mining<br />

at Carriboo, British Columbia. He said of himself,<br />

✧<br />

Caribou Mountain.<br />


I was born in a blizzard snowdrift in the worst damn storm to ever hit Canada. I was bathed in a gold<br />

pan, suckled by a caribou, wrapped in a buffalo rug, and could whip any grizzly going before I was<br />

thirteen. That’s when I left home.<br />

Carriboo City, Caribou Mountain, Caribou National Forest and Caribou <strong>County</strong> were all named<br />

after Carriboo Jack. The spelling was eventually changed to Caribou though animals in the area did<br />

not include the caribou.<br />

C h a p t e r 1 5 ✦ 5 7

✧<br />

Water duct at Caribou Mountain<br />

mine area.<br />


Another colorful character on the mountain<br />

was William “Billy” Clemens—cousin of Samuel<br />

Clemens who was known as “Mark Twain.”<br />

Clemens was an early miner and the postmaster<br />

at Carriboo City. Over the post office hung a sign<br />

which proclaimed “Carriboo City Post Office,<br />

Bill Clemens—Boss.” Clemens was instrumental<br />

in bringing in Chinese to work at the mines. This<br />

area had the distinction of having Chinese work<br />

during the peak of mining activity instead of<br />

coming later, after whites had taken out the easy<br />

gold, as was the usual practice.<br />

Hydraulic mining with “water guns” was in<br />

use within a couple of years after the discovery<br />

of gold on the mountain. Boom towns appeared:<br />

Keenan City, Iowa Bar and Carriboo City. Iowa<br />

Bar was located slightly below Caribou City and<br />

later became part of it. Keenan City and Keenan<br />

Creek were named for John Keenan and McCoy<br />

Creek for Frank McCoy.<br />

The mines brought settlers to the Grays Lake<br />

Valley. Some miners homesteaded there, others<br />

came to support the mines. The settlements of<br />

Herman, Eagle Creek and Gray grew up in the<br />

north end of the valley, providing hotels,<br />

saloons, stores, schools and other services for the<br />

area. The town of Herman at the base of Caribou<br />

Mountain came into existence about 1875 to<br />

serve as a supply center for the gold camps. It<br />

was named after Herman Wakeman who built a<br />

store, saloon, boarding house and his home<br />

there. Early prominent citizens of Herman, who<br />

remained in the area, also included the Bell,<br />

Skinner, Collins, Madsen and Brenziger families.<br />

A community of black ranchers who raised<br />

cattle and furnished beef for the miners<br />

emerged. On early <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> maps, the<br />

area was labeled “Nigger Flats.” A Black-Indian<br />

midwife known as Mother George ranched<br />

and served as a midwife, nurse and unofficial<br />

doctor. When Mother George died, people were<br />

shocked to discover she was a man, not a<br />

woman as she had posed to be. Black families<br />

included LeFlohics, Leggroans, Shirleys, Clarks,<br />

Stephens, Flakes, Greens, Posey Oglesby, John<br />

Bircher and Dan Brockman. Most Blacks left<br />

after the terrible winter of 1898 when over<br />

ninety percent of Idaho’s cattle died.<br />

The first permanent white settlers to Gray<br />

included the James and Amanda Almeda<br />

Sibbett family, James’s brother Sam, David<br />

Robison, Gideon Murphy, William C. Simmons,<br />

and H. B. Simmons. Cattle and sheep men followed<br />

the miners. During the 1870s huge herds<br />

of cattle, numbering from 2,000 to 3,000 head,<br />

were driven from Oregon and Washington to<br />

railroad points in Wyoming. Many crossed the<br />

Snake River at Eagle Rock, trailed along the<br />

Old Salt Road to Grays Lake, then followed the<br />

Lander Trail into Wyoming. Some settlers got<br />

their start in livestock from those animals lost,<br />

crippled or too weak to keep up with the herd.<br />

Local people were encouraged to round up and<br />

care for these strays. Sheep became common<br />

on the ranges in the 1890s. By 1907, when the<br />

U. S. Forest Service was established, summer<br />

time found over a million sheep grazing<br />

north of Soda Springs. When the area became<br />

over-grazed, the Forest Service had to limit<br />

the number of sheep allowed on the Forest.<br />

Today, several bands of sheep still summer on<br />

the Caribou National Forest. Tingeys, Muirs,<br />

Sodermans, Stoors, Petersens, Morgans, and<br />

others had sheep in the early days. By the 1940s<br />

most residents raised cattle.<br />

The area was largely populated by members<br />

of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day<br />

Saints who located in the valley. In May 1887<br />

a company of people left Davis <strong>County</strong>, Utah.<br />

They desired homes in a country where there<br />

was more room and an opportunity for more<br />

farming land. They included George H. Muir,<br />

John L. Fackrell, George L. Lincoln, David<br />

Lewis and William Lewis. The Tingeys were<br />

also early settlers at Grays Lake.<br />

5 8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

Grays Lake is noted as John Day’s Lake on<br />

some maps of the late 1800s. Albert A. Dewey<br />

applied for a post office in the spring of 1888,<br />

designating the area “John Day’s Lake.” The<br />

post office was approved on April 10, restoring<br />

the older name of “Grays” which was officially<br />

changed to “Gray” in 1892. Then the valley had<br />

sawmills, a church, a couple of stores and a<br />

school with a belfry and a bell that could heard<br />

almost across the valley. Other little settlements<br />

in or near the valley had schools at various times,<br />

including Herman, Williamsburg, and Wayan.<br />

Wayan offered not only elementary school but<br />

two years of high school in the 1930s.<br />

Many of the ranchers remained solvent by<br />

trapping muskrats from the Grays Lake marsh<br />

during the ten-day season in early spring. They<br />

often made more money from this than they<br />

could bring in all year on their ranches.<br />

Muskrat pelts gradually rose from ten cents<br />

each to as high as $2.35. Over $44,000 earned<br />

by trappers in Grays Lake went through the<br />

Largilliere Company bank in Soda Springs one<br />

season. Trapping continued until 1965 when<br />

the Grays Lake National Wildlife Refuge was<br />

established to benefit both water fowl and sand<br />

hill and whooping cranes.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Grays Lake marshes.<br />


Left: Whooping Cranes painted by<br />

Martha West.<br />


C h a p t e r 1 5 ✦ 5 9

✧<br />

Coyote Pelts trapped in the<br />

Grays Lake area.<br />


The main entertainment in the valley consisted<br />

of small home parties with neighbors and<br />

the weekly Saturday night dances, which nearly<br />

everyone in the valley attended. Music was<br />

furnished by local people who played the<br />

piano, the fiddle, the mouth organ (harmonica),<br />

the accordion or the guitar. The Farm Bureau<br />

was organized in Grays Lake about 1947 and<br />

sponsored meetings, picnics, an annual talent<br />

show, swimming lessons and the summer dances.<br />

Covered sleds, bobsleds and hay wagons<br />

provided winter transportation in early days.<br />

By the 1920s Grays Lake families enjoyed cars.<br />

By the 1930s ranchers in the area were growing<br />

wheat, oats, and barley. Most had a few cows,<br />

sheep, chickens, and pigs, and sent their milk<br />

to the cheese factory at the south end of the<br />

valley. In 1934 the counties purchased rightof-ways<br />

through the valley and graveled the<br />

roads. The road to Soda Springs was paved in<br />

1955. The telephone party line and old crank<br />

phones were replaced in the 1950s and electricity<br />

came to the valley in 1952. Over the years<br />

the valley has had a number of stores; several of<br />

which burned down.<br />

Grays Lake produced not only miners, ranchers<br />

and farmers, but men and women who<br />

excelled in business and industry, education, science,<br />

the military, the judicial system, and in other<br />

areas. Women of the valley became expert at quilting<br />

and crafts and produced beautiful heirlooms.<br />

Today the valley is losing its year-around<br />

population because of few work opportunities.<br />

Summer homes dot the area. Most ranchers no<br />

longer keep cattle year around but buy them in<br />

the spring and sell them in the fall or lease their<br />

land to non-local cattle owners. In 1990, the last<br />

store in the valley, the Wayan Cash Store, closed<br />

its doors. In 2008, the Wayan School, the only<br />

one left in the valley, closed. At that time attendance<br />

was down to three students. In October,<br />

2009, the last post office in the valley closed.<br />

The Grays Lake Rodeo, after thirty-four years of<br />

providing the “big event” of the year, closed in<br />

2011. Fishing and hunting remain popular in<br />

the area as do snowmobiling and four-wheeling.<br />

6 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

CHAPTER 16<br />

L I N C O L N<br />

The community of Lincoln began in 1903 when the Lincoln Sugar Factory was built, the first<br />

sugar producing plant in Idaho. Utah Sugar Company, whose principal shareholders were officials<br />

of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, had developed a successful beet sugar production<br />

in Lehi, Utah, and were ready to expand into Idaho, where citizens enthusiastically welcomed the<br />

new industry which would employ hundreds and enrich the area’s economy. Utah Sugar purchased<br />

610 acres of good land centrally located between Idaho Falls, Iona, and Ammon, for the plant,<br />

farms, and housing.<br />

The dedication of the “sugar factory” on April 14, 1903, was a major event for Bingham <strong>County</strong>.<br />

Gala ceremonies brought 4,500 people to the dedication. Local and state officials were invited.<br />

President Joseph F. Smith of the LDS Church spoke and dedicated the cornerstone.<br />

Mark Austin and his brother, Heber C. Austin, leaders in the Lehi, Utah, operation, were brought<br />

to supervise the Idaho plant. Heber Austin remained to be the superintendent. The company built<br />

four boarding houses and a club house. These were soon replaced by individual homes as families<br />

moved in to work at the factory or to grow beets. Soon an LDS Church and a school were provided.<br />

These were upgraded as the community grew rapidly. First called Centerville, the town was briefly<br />

renamed Austin, but at Austin’s suggestion, its name was changed to Lincoln, in honor of President<br />

Abraham Lincoln.<br />

✧<br />

The Lincoln Sugar Plant.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

C h a p t e r 1 6 ✦ 6 1

✧<br />

Lincoln School.<br />


OF IDAHO.<br />

This newly-developed agricultural industry<br />

combined the best of science and enterprise.<br />

In its first season the company contracted<br />

with 628 local growers for 5,274 acres of<br />

beets, and produced 73,304 bags of sugar. The<br />

first campaign employed 200 persons, mainly<br />

the local farmers who had grown the beets.<br />

In 1907 Utah Sugar merged with American<br />

Sugar Refining Company to form the Utah-<br />

Idaho Sugar Company. U & I Sugar purchased<br />

the Osgood project in 1920 41 , which it developed<br />

and leased to farm families who would<br />

grow sugar beets.<br />

For seventy-five years the Lincoln plant contributed<br />

strongly to the economy of <strong>Bonneville</strong><br />

<strong>County</strong>. It was closed in 1978, when U. S. tariffs<br />

favored imported sugar.<br />

As well as providing jobs and industry,<br />

the sugar plant has provided leadership in<br />

both government and church. Heber C. Austin<br />

became an early Idaho Falls LDS stake president.<br />

Another plant superintendent, William<br />

Jack O’Bryant, was elected mayor of Idaho Falls<br />

(1959-1964); he also served as Idaho Falls LDS<br />

stake president.<br />

Although only the smokestack remains of the<br />

once-productive plant, the Eagle Rock Chapter<br />

of Sons of Utah Pioneers have restored its<br />

old steam engine and placed it as a monument<br />

beside the former factory. 42 Among Lincoln’s<br />

assets today are its beautiful cemetery and<br />

its schools. The Lincoln School, built in 1904,<br />

now an alternative high school, is the oldest<br />

continuous operating school in Idaho.<br />

6 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

CHAPTER 17<br />

N E W<br />

S W E D E N<br />

New Sweden was named for the settlers from Sweden who first shaped the desert west of the<br />

river into farmland.<br />

Lured by land promoters in 1893-’95, they came from America’s mid-west, which was suffering<br />

a drought. Recognizing the courage and tenacity of these Swedish immigrants, these promoters<br />

advertised in Swedish-language newspapers, contrasting the benefits of irrigated farmland to the<br />

rain-dependent agriculture in the mid-west. Having built the Great Western and Porter canals,<br />

under Arthur D. Morrison’s superintendence, they promised irrigated land to the Swedish farmers.<br />

Railroad excursions to Idaho Falls were free for homeseekers who bought eighty acres or more.<br />

Enthusiastic full-page advertisements by editor William Wheeler announced “large irrigating<br />

canals.” Foreseeing the future, they advertised that Idaho Falls “has the greatest water power of any<br />

inland city in the United States.” When prospective buyers arrived by train, they were escorted by<br />

horse-drawn bus to the Great Western Land and Irrigation Company’s fine hotel, which is now the<br />

Allen Thiel home. The two-story hotel provided housing until families could build their own<br />

homes. Prospective settlers were shown the company’s test farm, with its successful grain harvest.<br />

Pioneer families, such as Swansons and Ericksons, shared their homes with other newcomers.<br />

Early settlers included families of A. E. Fast, Andrew Burkman, Pete Anderson, Fred Anderson,<br />

P. A. Lundblade, and Andrew Melquist. In all, 143 Swedish families settled and called the area<br />

New Sweden. They built homes as fast as time and money would allow and dug ditches to connect<br />

their land to the canals. Domestic water was hauled, heated, and, if necessary, melted. They built<br />

a Church in 1895, which served as school until they built their New Sweden school in 1901.<br />

Miss Huldah Lundblade was their first teacher. Soon these thrifty west-side families realized that<br />

they were paying twice as much as people on the east side of the river, so they successfully protested<br />

to have their mortgages reduced in 1898. Settlers built a mill and store, which are among the<br />

heritage treasures of New Sweden.<br />

New Sweden Irrigation District, Idaho’s first irrigation district, was formed in 1900 and<br />

purchased the Great Western Canal system. Soon thereafter the first dam breached the Snake River.<br />

Headgates to the canal still remain. Settlers built a mill and store. To remember the people who<br />

sacrificed for future prosperity, the New Sweden Pioneer Association was formed in 1919. It still<br />

sponsors an annual picnic.<br />

✧<br />

Great Western Canal headgates.<br />



C h a p t e r 1 7 ✦ 6 3

✧<br />

Right: New Sweden Irrigation<br />

District Office.<br />


Below: New Sweden church<br />

and school.<br />


6 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

CHAPTER 18<br />

O S G O O D<br />

In 1904 Osgood was begun on 7,000 acres of desert land a few miles north and west of<br />

Idaho Falls as an experimental Idaho Falls Dry Farm Agriculture (IFDFA) project. In 1914 six<br />

Idaho Falls businessmen and bankers decided to convert this dry farm land to irrigation farm land;<br />

they were George Brunt, Louis A. Hartert, Oscar A. Johannesen, James L. Milner, Alvin T. Shane,<br />

and W. L. Shattuck.<br />

They surveyed the land to lay out a canal and ditch systems. Because of the ascending elevation,<br />

a pump plant with four irrigation pumps was constructed near the Great Western canal to lift the<br />

water 550 feet above the canal water source input.<br />

In the spring of 1916 the project was sold to Dr. C. F. Osgood, a physician and investor from<br />

Ogden, Utah. On May 2, 1916, Dr. Osgood was shot and killed by one of his patients. The IFDFA<br />

farm reverted back to the original owners, who re-named it the Osgood Land and Livestock Co.,<br />

later shortened to Osgood.<br />

In 1920 the Osgood project was sold to the Utah Idaho Sugar Company, who increased its size to<br />

about 12,000 acres. Osgood was divided into 40- to 80-acre farms, and leased to farm families under a<br />

share crop lease agreement. It became a community of about ninety-six farm families with homes built<br />

by the sugar company. Soon a church, school, and store were added. Over the next few years, utilities<br />

upgraded the living standard of the farmers. Osgood families developed a close bond of community.<br />

✧<br />

Osgood Canal, 2005.<br />


C h a p t e r 1 8 ✦ 6 5

✧<br />

Above: Irrigation pumps in Osgood,<br />

October 2005.<br />


Right: Typical Osgood home.<br />


6 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

CHAPTER 19<br />

O Z O N E<br />

E C H O E S I N T I M E : T H E H I L L C O M M U N I T I E S<br />

by Connie Otteson<br />

Ozone was homesteaded in the foothills fourteen miles southeast of Idaho Falls in about 1908 as<br />

a dry farming area. Between 1912 and 1925 Ozone served as the rural shopping center for Dehlin,<br />

Bone, Henry Creek, Tipperary, and other nearby farming communities. Ozone boasted the largest<br />

school and church, two cafes, a store and post office, boarding house, feed barn, garage, blacksmith<br />

shop, a Red Cross chapter, and an active Farm Bureau. At one time anything from buttons to<br />

harnesses could be purchased at Ozone. Today Ozone is gone and nearly forgotten.<br />

Nephi Otteson was among the first to file for a homestead on 160 acres. In 1908 he moved his<br />

family up to the homestead; they lived in a tent for two years while they cleared sagebrush, began<br />

farming, put up outbuildings and fences, and worked on improving and establishing roads.<br />

According to family lore, Nephi named the place Ozone because it means “pure air.” He built his<br />

first two-room house out of rough lumber and made space in the front room for a small post<br />

office when his wife Lenore was appointed postmistress by Woodrow Wilson on December 8, 1911.<br />

It was officially named the Ozone Post Office, and they received mail three times a week from<br />

Idaho Falls.<br />

✧<br />

Harvester at Nephi Otteson<br />

dry farm, 1916.<br />


C h a p t e r 1 9 ✦ 6 7

✧<br />

Above: The Nephi Otteson home was<br />

the first building in Ozone. The home<br />

was also used as a post office. This<br />

photograph shows the Otteson family<br />

around 1913.<br />


Below: The Ozone School was taken<br />

down in 1926 and moved to Ammon<br />

school yard where it serves as a lunch<br />

room and space for extra classrooms.<br />


In 1912, the citizens hauled logs to build<br />

a school for the forty school-age children in<br />

the vicinity. It was one large room with a potbellied<br />

stove in the middle and a tiny library in<br />

the corner and became the community center<br />

where many activities were held.<br />

A modern frame schoolhouse was constructed<br />

in 1919 with bathrooms, a kitchen, library,<br />

recreation hall, cloak room, and school room.<br />

After 1925, the last year for school there,<br />

the building was dismantled and moved to<br />

Ammon, where it is still used as supplementary<br />

space beside Ammon Elementary school.<br />

During World War I commodity prices<br />

skyrocketed when the government urged<br />

farmers to increase production for the war<br />

effort. Many families mortgaged their farms<br />

to expand their acreage and buy modern<br />

equipment. Then the war ended and prices<br />

plummeted. Added to this, an extended<br />

drought hit Ozone from 1919 through<br />

1923, and the dry farms lived up to their<br />

names. Nearly every homestead failed, and<br />

foothill families started moving out by the<br />

dozens, defaulting on their loans. By 1930 the<br />

population shrank to twelve.<br />

To see the townsite of<br />

Ozone today, drive southeast<br />

on Sunnyside Road to its<br />

end. Turn right on the Bone<br />

Road; in a hundred yards or<br />

so on the west you will see<br />

a few outbuildings and a summer<br />

home set back from the<br />

road. The homestead is owned<br />

today by Nephi Otteson’s<br />

grandson Doyle Judy. There is<br />

no indication whatsoever that<br />

this place was once a thriving<br />

village. Like Ozone, other surrounding<br />

settlements became<br />

only faint memories for a few<br />

who still remember.<br />

6 8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

CHAPTER 20<br />

R I R I E , S H E L T O N , P O P L A R , A N T E L O P E<br />

R I R I E H I S T O R Y<br />

by Becky Freeman<br />

Ririe, a beautiful part of eastern <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>, was the first area to be farmed. George Heath,<br />

who settled on the Willow Creek watershed in 1874, and Orville Buck, who brought his family<br />

the next year, grew the first acre of grain in the area, thus proving that it was possible to grow crops.<br />

Other settlers followed.<br />

In 1878 George and Robert Smith settled east of Shelton in the area they named Poplar.<br />

The Smith brothers dug the first ditch out of the Snake River. Poplar was a day’s ride by wagon<br />

from Eagle Rock, so it became a good stopping point for travelers coming from Wyoming. To meet<br />

the needs of these travelers, two boarding houses were established, along with a store, two schools,<br />

and two churches—one for the Mormons and one in 1895 for the Presbyterians.<br />

By about 1884 many pioneer families had settled to the west of the current township of Ririe,<br />

in the area known as Shelton. Shelton boasted a community building, a church, a school and a<br />

store. In the early 1900s they requested a post office to be located in the store. The postal<br />

department didn’t approve the name of Shelton but gave the post office the name of Prospect.<br />

In about 1911 the post office was closed when rural free delivery was begun. The name Shelton<br />

was revived.<br />

On August 8, 1883, siblings Ephraim Miller, Robert Miller, Mary Miller Hewitt, Annie Miller, and<br />

Margaret Miller McIntosh filed homestead claims side by side in the area that would become Ririe.<br />

Robert built a cabin and lived on the homestead. The rest of the family stayed in Pocatello but came<br />

in the summer to help run cattle and prove up on their homestead claims. Mary Miller was married<br />

to Joseph Hewitt. Their property on the east side of the Miller claims later became the town site of<br />

Ririe. In 1885 George and Sarah Miller Goodwin filed a homestead claim on the west of the Hewitt<br />

claim. They built a two-room log cabin, but sold their claim to David Ririe of Weber <strong>County</strong>, Utah,<br />

for $880.00. Ririe moved into the cabin and began farming and ranching.<br />

By 1912 land on the foothills was opened for homesteading. Hundreds of settlers flocked to<br />

Antelope for the nearly free land. By the 1920s Antelope was a thriving community with a church,<br />

a store, two schools, and even a small cemetery named Melba. Severe weather forced people off their<br />

claims during winter. Many moved to Shelton or Poplar till spring. Large crops of grain were grown<br />

in the fertile soil, and at one time, more wheat was shipped from Ririe than from any other place in<br />

the United States.<br />

✧<br />

The Ririe Hotel, 1921.<br />


C h a p t e r 2 0 ✦ 6 9

✧<br />

Above: Ririe homestead.<br />


Below: Map of Ririe area.<br />


At first farmers had to take their crops to<br />

Idaho Falls for shipment and pay shipping<br />

agents a fee. But they felt that they could<br />

do better if they could ship from their own<br />

depot. When the Utah and Northern Railroad<br />

was looking for places to put spur lines, David<br />

Ririe led a delegation to request they bring a<br />

spur line to the Shelton-Poplar area. In 1913<br />

he introduced the railroad officials to Joseph<br />

and Mary Hewitt, who owned the property<br />

next to his. Joseph recognized the advantage of<br />

bringing in the railroad, so agreed to donate<br />

five acres of land for the railroad tracks and<br />

a depot.<br />

David and Leah Ririe, who had a large brick<br />

home, offered to provide room and board for<br />

railroad workers. Leah served three meals a<br />

day to as many as twenty hard-working men<br />

for nine months until a hotel was completed.<br />

Her daughter Elizabeth and her niece Vivian<br />

Dutson stayed out of school for the year to<br />

help feed the men. They often had to bake<br />

twenty-two loaves of bread a day. When the<br />

rails were laid and the depot completed, it<br />

was time to name the depot. Many names<br />

were considered, but the railroad workers<br />

suggested the town be named Ririe because of<br />

David’s and Leah’s hospitality, and particularly<br />

7 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

Leah’s good food. The railroad agreed because<br />

of David’s influence in getting them the rightof-ways<br />

through the land and across the many<br />

canals, so the depot was named Ririe. And the<br />

town took that name.<br />

By 1919 Ririe had several general stores,<br />

one drug store, two hotels, two stables, two<br />

lumber yards, three blacksmith shops, two<br />

grain elevators, and the passenger and freight<br />

depot. During the night of July 4, 1919, a<br />

fire started in or near a hotel and spread<br />

rapidly. In spite of efforts of fire departments<br />

from Rigby and Idaho Falls, along with many<br />

volunteers, more than half of the town’s<br />

businesses were burned before the wind<br />

changed direction in the early morning and<br />

the fire was controlled. The town was soon<br />

rebuilt, but never regained the size it was before<br />

the fire.<br />

When Orville Buck moved into Southeastern<br />

Idaho, he hired Miss Jennie Beam from Eagle<br />

Rock to live in his home and teach his children.<br />

In 1880 he traveled to Malad, the Oneida <strong>County</strong><br />

seat, and petitioned the county commissioners<br />

for a school district. Because of his efforts, the<br />

first school district in eastern Idaho, Oneida<br />

School District #1, was formed near his home.<br />

When Joseph Hewitt laid out the town, he<br />

established a place for an elementary school<br />

and built a small frame school house. The town<br />

grew rapidly and a larger school was needed.<br />

In 1919 a large four-room brick school was<br />

built on Main Street. Gradually the schools<br />

at Shelton, Poplar, Perry, and Antelope were<br />

closed and the students all went to Ririe for<br />

their education.<br />

Students could go to the eighth grade in<br />

Ririe, but if they wanted to go on, they had<br />

to go to Idaho Falls, Rigby, or Rexburg. A group<br />

of Ririe citizens decided it would be cheaper<br />

to have their own high school. They raised<br />

enough money to purchase a large brick building<br />

formerly used as a garage. With volunteer<br />

labor they converted the building into a high<br />

school. In 1934 Ririe High opened its doors.<br />

The <strong>Bonneville</strong>-Jefferson county line bisects the<br />

town, but Ririe still has its elementary, middle<br />

school, and high school.<br />

Businesses have come and gone. Few remain<br />

in Ririe as people can easily travel to other areas<br />

to shop. But the town is thriving and growing<br />

as people recognize the value of living in a<br />

small friendly community with nearby outdoor<br />

recreation opportunities.<br />

✧<br />

Buck School.<br />


C h a p t e r 2 0 ✦ 7 1

agricultural lands on the north<br />

and rolling hills on the south. So<br />

deep is the top soil that sagebrush<br />

used to grow as high as ten feet.<br />

Settlers built homesteads in the<br />

early 1900s, but electricity did not<br />

come until the early 1950s. Until<br />

then coal-oil lamps illuminated<br />

their homes. Farmers relied on<br />

water from Snake River creeks as<br />

well as precipitation to produce<br />

wheat and other crops. Prominent<br />

author, Vardis Fisher, grew up<br />

there. Small farms are now consolidated<br />

into larger enterprises.<br />

T A K I N G T H E F E R R Y<br />

T O H E I S E<br />

✧<br />

Above: Antelope store.<br />


Below: Crossing the river on the ferry<br />

to Heise.<br />


A N T E L O P E F L A T S<br />

by Reed Moss<br />

Lying in the eastern portions of <strong>Bonneville</strong><br />

and Jefferson counties, Antelope has fairly flat<br />

Richard C. Heise, a German<br />

immigrant, brought his family<br />

to Idaho shortly after 1890. As a<br />

traveling salesman in Idaho Falls and Poplar, he<br />

learned about the healing hot springs just three<br />

miles northeast of Ririe. He developed it into a<br />

popular resort. Some of us remember crossing<br />

the river on the ferry to get to Heise.<br />

7 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

CHAPTER 21<br />

O U T E R F O R C E S C H A N G E S W A N V A L L E Y<br />

by Afton Bitton<br />

Of course, every <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> Community has undergone obvious changes since homesteading<br />

days, but probably none more than Swan Valley. Greater Swan Valley includes Conant Valley,<br />

the West Bank, Pine Creek benches, Baldy Bench, the Palisades valley and two villages, Irwin and<br />

Swan Valley proper. The residences of Greater Swan Valley lie in one of three jurisdictions—<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>, the city of Irwin, or the city of Swan Valley. All pay taxes to <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>.<br />

Each of the two cities has its own mayor, city council and governing ordinances.<br />

The valley’s civic development started about 1885 when the Higham brothers brought a large<br />

cattle herd into Conant Valley and the Ross brothers herded about 200 horses into Swan Valley’s<br />

village area, as land patents verify. Both stockmen and land tillers soon took up plots under the<br />

Homesteading Act, and the need for civilizing influences inspired socialization.<br />

Far-reaching grasslands and forest foliage provided nourishment for cattle, horses and later sheep<br />

herds. Elk, deer and other game animals, including for a time wild sheep and goats, often eked<br />

out the larders of the first pioneer families—as did fish and wild game birds. Moose in the late<br />

twentieth century joined the mix. They have liked especially to hang around the river islands and<br />

the marshes.<br />

Streams—including some thirteen creeks falling into the river—two mountain lakes, the Palisades<br />

Reservoir and the wandering South Fork of the Snake River all supply the irrigation ditches, the<br />

near-the-surface aquifer and the underground wells. This prevalence of scenic streams has facilitated<br />

the recreational appeals such as boating, water skiing, swimming, fishing and water bird hunting.<br />

Swan Valley has a varied geological and geographical nature as it lies somewhat serenely between<br />

the Snake River Range (also called the Big Hole Mountains) on the northward and the Caribou<br />

Range on the southward side of the river. Fence lines are about the only lines that observe strict<br />

geographical directions. Mountains in eastern Swan Valley merge into the mountains of western<br />

Wyoming. Two Wyoming towns supply phone and electrical service to Greater Swan Valley.<br />

✧<br />

Swans, the valley’s patron birds,<br />

sometimes show up on Rainey Creek.<br />


C h a p t e r 2 1 ✦ 7 3

✧<br />

On the south side of the South Fork,<br />

Fall Creek plunges into the river<br />

about a mile east of the Snake<br />

River bridge.<br />



Alpine eastward, Driggs northward, and Ririe<br />

northwestward are all about thirty miles away.<br />

Idaho Falls, nearly forty-five miles west (and<br />

sometimes Driggs,) has most often supplied bigger<br />

grocery items and major supplies and services.<br />

As the outer world has discovered Swan<br />

Valley’s recreational and scenic merits, agricultural<br />

pursuits and stock raising have waned.<br />

Then, too, many children of pioneers have<br />

sought to make their living elsewhere. At the<br />

same time, developers have sold “city folks” on<br />

the benefits of investing in a vacation home in<br />

a valley that provides both scenic beauty and<br />

recreational opportunities.<br />

Before the recent economic downturn that<br />

put the real estate investment into the dubious,<br />

if not the no-no, column, farmers on hillsides<br />

and river banks affording unusual scopes could<br />

sell one acre for as much as $50,000. Multiple<br />

acres provided more money than a farmer could<br />

make in a life time.<br />

By 2012, developers and investors had toned<br />

down or even withdrawn their efforts. So those<br />

who built large urban-looking homes can<br />

choose to live in them several months a year or<br />

try to sell them in a depressed market. At any<br />

rate, Swan Valley will continue to supply superb<br />

views and recreational opportunities.<br />

For those who have ancestral roots in Swan<br />

Valley and/or choose to live there all year round,<br />

there is at least one store, one or two cafes,<br />

one or two public garages, two post offices, and<br />

a number of lodging facilities that stay open<br />

all year. In addition, there is one elementary<br />

school, two churches and one American Legion<br />

Hall that serves many social purposes including<br />

a weekly luncheon for senior citizens.<br />

Two main bars provide a place for many<br />

residents to kick back, play pool or pinochle or<br />

just to nosh and visit.<br />

The tourist influence has given rise to two bed<br />

and breakfast institutions, Hansen’s Guest Ranch,<br />

Sleepy J Cabins and other cabins and hook-ups.<br />

Some dry farming and valley floor crop and<br />

stock raising “promises” to continue providing a<br />

rural aspect. Vacation dwellers will bring the<br />

suburban ambience. Trail guides and river<br />

guides will continue to try to divert their clients<br />

to “forgetting it all.”<br />

As the identity of Swan Valley persists, shop<br />

keepers and service providers will continue to join<br />

other residents in advertising its many wonders.<br />

7 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

CHAPTER 22<br />

T A Y L O R<br />

Taylor began in 1885 when second generation Utah pioneers homesteaded southeast of<br />

Eagle Rock. First to come were six men from Hooper, Utah—John, Edward and William Priest,<br />

Smith Johnson, and Edwin and Abiah Wadsworth, Jr. Each built a log house on their claim before<br />

returning to Utah for their families. In 1886 Apostle John W. Taylor of the LDS Church was sent to<br />

organize the group into a branch, which became a ward in 1888. It was named Taylor in his honor,<br />

although the nearby Taylor Mountain was named for Eagle Rock pioneer Sam Taylor. To water this<br />

arid land, the pioneers dug a ten-mile-long irrigation canal from Eagle Rock. Hay and grain were<br />

first grown in 1890.<br />

Taylor Cemetery was established in 1887, when Abiah Wadsworth Jr. and William Arave purchased<br />

five acres of land for $65 to bury Ellen, the infant daughter of Sarah and Abiah Wadsworth, Jr.<br />

For more than a century Taylor was rural with both irrigated and dry farms. Its deep fertile soil<br />

produced the first Idaho russet potatoes. Joseph Allen Taylor, who came in 1889 from Weber <strong>County</strong>,<br />

Utah, built an early potato cellar and became the biggest potato shipper in Idaho. Sons of Utah<br />

Pioneers placed a monument on the Jack Taylor property in 2009, honoring Taylor’s contribution:<br />

✧<br />

Sarah and Abiah Wadsworth, Jr.,<br />

and family.<br />


The potato cellar made marketing possible throughout the fall to spring season. From that humble<br />

beginning in 1909, the potato industry has grown to make Idaho the potato capital of the world.<br />

Taylor Community Park honors the pioneers on the site of the first homestead. When Lynn Clapp<br />

learned that the property was for sale in 1992, he formed a non-profit organization called the Taylor<br />

Park Society and obtained donations to buy the property at auction. Various Eagle Scout projects and<br />

other donations enhanced the park. Daughters of Utah Pioneers placed a monument in the park.<br />

C h a p t e r 2 2 ✦ 7 5

H O F F ’ S R A I N B O W R A N C H<br />

✧<br />

Right: Rasmus and Jennie Hoff,<br />

c. 1886.<br />


Below: Potatoes from Taylor shipped<br />

by train.<br />


Rainbow Ranch, built on property of Eagle<br />

Rock pioneer, Sam Taylor, is now operated<br />

by the fifth generation of the Hoff family.<br />

Norwegian-born Rasmus Hoff and his wife<br />

Jenny Cecelia Lindahl purchased Sam Taylor’s<br />

ranch at the mouth of Henry Creek and Taylor<br />

Creek in 1903 and renamed it Rainbow Ranch.<br />

Robert “Bob” Hoff, present owner, found the<br />

early abstract showing a price of $17,000,<br />

which included about 450 horses. One of<br />

Taylor’s race horses won the grand circuit in<br />

1895, setting a trotting record unbroken for<br />

twenty-seven years.<br />

Rasmus Hoff put the ranch under the plow in<br />

1905 using a new 110 hp steam tractor, which<br />

took four men to operate. He tried digging<br />

ditches to bring water onto the bench land and<br />

in 1905 diverted Taylor Creek to water it.<br />

Bob Hoff writes:<br />

Jenny and Rasmus had three children, my<br />

father John Marcus (1897), Phillip Winfield<br />

(1900) and Helen Lulu (1902). They grew up<br />

under the guidance of a father who was never<br />

known to swear or spank his children.<br />

When Rasmus suffered a heart attack while<br />

crossing a flood-swollen Taylor Creek, the<br />

family moved to California, but he died in<br />

1916, leaving the widow and sons to handle<br />

his various businesses and debts.<br />

7 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

By 1918 they moved back to Rainbow Ranch<br />

still owing $23,000. Without livestock or virtually<br />

any equipment it was like starting all over<br />

again for the brothers.<br />

Helen became acquainted with several of the<br />

Shoshone Bannock people that still frequented<br />

the ranch hills and creeks in those days. This<br />

relationship lasted through the years and<br />

brought her to record their beautiful rituals<br />

with her paintings. Helen married Donald<br />

Aupperle in 1939 and became a well-known<br />

art teacher and artist. In the late summer of<br />

1934 Jenny Hoff made the last payment on<br />

the debt she owed. Coming back to the farm<br />

with the ‘paid’ stamp on the mortgage, her<br />

sons promised each other never to borrow<br />

again. Neither ever did. Mark had married a<br />

southern California girl, Onita. Phillip built a<br />

new home on the hill above Taylor Creek with<br />

his mother Jenny.<br />

During World War II Mark built two-way<br />

radios, operated aircraft, and later adapted<br />

mechanization to the farm, including a prototype<br />

potato digger. A large potato storage was<br />

built in 1910 measuring 40 x 150 feet so that a<br />

wagon and team could be driven all the way<br />

through. In 1912 an even larger cellar was<br />

built alongside it. The earth-covered roof of the<br />

larger one lasted forty-nine years. Both storages<br />

are still in use, with new roofs, of course.<br />

In 1951 a major change made Rainbow<br />

Ranch truly a ranch again. Much of the land<br />

was put into permanent pasture and Hereford<br />

cattle acquired for calf production. Part of one<br />

pasture was designated as a runway for the<br />

family’s Cessna 120. From the early’30s George<br />

Thompson wintered his sheep in the mouth of<br />

Taylor Creek. Eventually seven bands filled the<br />

little valley on the ranch. The sound of baying<br />

sheep with smell of smoke from the camps and<br />

cookhouse is now gone, traded for a reservoir<br />

used to regulate irrigation water.<br />

The third generation of the family reintroduced<br />

potatoes on the ranch. By 1969 the livestock<br />

were gone and Rainbow Ranch became<br />

essentially a farm again, operated by James Hoff<br />

of the fourth generation.<br />

✧<br />

Rasmus Hoff’s steam tractor, below<br />

Arrowhead Hill. Hoff purchased the<br />

tractor for $5,000.<br />


C h a p t e r 2 2 ✦ 7 7

CHAPTER 23<br />

U C O N<br />

✧<br />

Above: Ucon settlers.<br />


Bottom, left: Arthur A. Miskin,<br />

age twenty-seven.<br />


Bottom, right: Miskin’s horsedrawn<br />

scraper.<br />


Ucon, a community about six-and-a-half miles northeast of Idaho Falls, was known as Willow<br />

Creek in the 1880s when families from Utah first settled as homesteaders. By 1911 its name was<br />

officially Ucon. 43<br />

Fighting sagebrush and other pioneer hardships, settlers succeeded in some farming even before<br />

irrigating. They also fished and hunted to provide food for their families. Willow Creek, about three<br />

miles southeast of present Ucon, was an inadequate water source. Farmers and other citizens pooled<br />

their resources to form the Great Feeder Canal Company in order to divert water back into the<br />

Snake River’s dry channel. After two months of cooperative labor, on June 22, 1895, hundreds<br />

witnessed an explosion of dynamite that sent churning water from the river into the canal, enough<br />

to irrigate 100,000 acres. The Great Feeder also fed other tributary canals to supply Ucon.<br />

Removing sagebrush required hard labor and innovation. Meeting the need, Arthur A. Miskin<br />

designed a scraper which he modified to seat a man behind his team. Miskin’s scraper still is<br />

marketed worldwide.<br />

Not only did Willow Creek settlers<br />

harness the river, but they also<br />

courted the railroad, which built<br />

a spur line, Yellowstone Branch, to<br />

Ucon, from which farmers shipped<br />

their produce. The railroad complex<br />

was enlarged to include a<br />

water tower and pump house, an<br />

ice shed, coal yard, tool shop, and<br />

stock yard. Downtown businesses<br />

prospered. With more recent highway<br />

developments, the railroad’s<br />

importance has decreased.<br />

7 8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

Music has played a major social role since<br />

pioneer days, when singing and dancing were<br />

popular entertainments. Willow Creek band<br />

was organized in 1895, and a dance hall was<br />

built shortly afterwards.<br />

Schools were also high priority. Hardscrabble<br />

School, located on Willow Creek, two miles<br />

south of Ucon, was started in 1890. For many<br />

years from 1892 a one-room log school functioned<br />

both for church and school. In 1888<br />

residents were organized into the Willow Creek<br />

LDS Ward. They completed building their<br />

rock church in 1904 with rocks quarried at<br />

Miskin Quarry. Eggs gathered on Sundays were<br />

sold to buy nails to build the rock church<br />

which housed the congregation for fifty years.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Simmons, Woolf and Company<br />

General Merchandise Store.<br />


Below: Hardscrabble School.<br />



C h a p t e r 2 3 ✦ 7 9

CHAPTER 24<br />

Y O R K<br />

by Gordon Moir<br />

✧<br />

First grade, in York.<br />


The York area is south of Idaho Falls from Sunnyside Road to the present Bingham <strong>County</strong> line,<br />

and east from the Snake River to the main Idaho canal. When first settled it was desert, with the<br />

Snake River to the west and Sand Creek to the east separated by four miles. Until the Snake River<br />

was harnessed with small dams to create canal systems, the York area was suited only for dry land<br />

crops. With the coming of the canals, A. M. York and others acquired farmland and thus gave the<br />

area its name.<br />

The first York School was two miles north of the present Bingham-<strong>Bonneville</strong> county line<br />

in 1898, but the site was changed in 1906 when W. W. Keefer built a school which became<br />

the community center. As time went on, a playground, horse barn, car garage, and teacher’s<br />

cottage were added. In 1937, York Grange members built the Grange Hall just east of the school<br />

grounds. In 1938 the school district contracted to use the Grange Hall for school while a new<br />

school and well system were being built. This brick building was funded by the Works Progress<br />

Administration (WPA), part of President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal program. The agreement<br />

also provided water to the cottage and Grange. The Grange provided use of its hall for school and<br />

community activities. When the York School District was consolidated with Idaho Falls School<br />

District #91, classes ended, and the site is now used as bus parking and dispatch, and for storage<br />

of records.<br />

8 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

Over the past century the<br />

York area has been changed.<br />

Land has been cleared, leveled,<br />

and built up to raise many<br />

different crops. Potato processing<br />

firms, large light-industrial<br />

business and warehouse complexes<br />

have been developed.<br />

A seed pea and grain experiment<br />

farm was located near the<br />

Fielding Memorial Cemetery.<br />

Three gravel processing firms<br />

and two barley plants are<br />

now there.<br />

Three fur farms have come and gone. A<br />

fox farm once adjoined Tautphaus Park zoo,<br />

where the <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> Fair Grounds and<br />

Extension offices are now located. Two miles<br />

south of it was one of the largest chinchilla<br />

breeding and fur businesses in the nation. Now<br />

an elk breeding farm is just another mile south<br />

on the same road. It supplies the trophy bull<br />

elk hunting ranch in the Bone area. A mink fur<br />

farm used to be at the present location of the<br />

Anheuser Busch barley malting plant grounds<br />

until the end of World War II.<br />

Very early the city of Idaho Falls built the<br />

electrical power producing plant on the east<br />

side of Snake River. Since that time the<br />

Gem Lake and Power Dam have been built in<br />

the river bordering the southwest corner of the<br />

York area and Bingham <strong>County</strong>. In the early<br />

years some of the canals were named for<br />

people. These include the Koester ditch, the<br />

Gustafson Canal, the Strate ditch and road, the<br />

Schaum Ditch for the Schaumleffel farms,<br />

and the Quigg Canal. The German Canal is<br />

so-named because of German families in the<br />

area—the Meierottos, Cenells, Meppen, Weber,<br />

Knudsen and Seyfert families. Other families<br />

who owned or lived in the York area before<br />

1960 and still are represented there are<br />

Kelsch, Mulberry, Clapp, Crumley, Hughes,<br />

Miller, Daunt, Moir, Smith, Gray, Farnes,<br />

Breiter, Bennett, Weise, Wagoner, Heyrend,<br />

Nelson, Curtis, Bitter, Jordin, and Walquist.<br />

✧<br />

Above: York Grange Hall.<br />


Below: Schaumleffel Barn, York.<br />


C h a p t e r 2 4 ✦ 8 1

CHAPTER 25<br />

B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y : C E L E B R A T I N G 1 0 0 Y E A R S<br />

by Ann Rydalch, Centennial Celebration Chairman<br />

✧<br />

Above: <strong>County</strong> Centennial Insignia.<br />

Below: Ann Rydalch,<br />

Gala Celebration chair.<br />

The year 2011 was historic for <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>. A year-long centennial celebration kicked off<br />

on February 7, with a program in the Centennial Court Room of the <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> Courthouse.<br />

On that day The Idaho Legislature passed a resolution presented by Senator Bart Davis and<br />

Representative Linden Bateman, commemorating the forming of our county on February 7, 1911.<br />

This kickoff program was highlighted with the posting of the colors and Pledge of Allegiance<br />

by the Idaho Falls Firefighters Pipes and Drums and the Idaho Falls Fire Department Honor<br />

Guard. Our resident judges were honored during the program: Judges Mark Riddoch, Earl Blower,<br />

Joel E. Tingey, Dane H. Watkins, Jr., Steven Gardner, Jon Shindurling and Linda Cook. The six area<br />

mayors were honored—Jared Fuhriman, Idaho Falls; Brad Andersen, Iona; Steve Fuhriman,<br />

Ammon; David Blain, Ucon; Dave Sargent, Swan Valley; and Rhett Bradford, Irwin. Our <strong>Bonneville</strong><br />

<strong>County</strong> elected officials were also honored—Commissioners Roger Christensen, Dave Radford,<br />

Lee Staker; Assessor Blake Mueller, Clerk Ron Longmore, Coroner Johnathon Walker, Prosecuting<br />

Attorney Bruce Pickett, Sheriff Paul Wilde and Treasurer Mark Hansen.<br />

Many local authors wrote and presented histories throughout the year about communities and<br />

other favorite topics in <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>. The public was included in selecting <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>’s<br />

Top 100 Treasures, as coordinated by Joe Stewart and Richard Kenney.<br />

The final event in this year-long centennial celebration was the Gala Program held November 10-12<br />

in the Idaho Falls Civic Auditorium. <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> is the shape of a pistol aiming west, and an<br />

original video which portrays the history of <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>: Celebrating<br />

100 Years was produced by Paul Jenkins of Intermountain Film & Video Productions and shown<br />

each night of the Gala; the DVD was made available for purchase. The souvenir program, a historical<br />

keepsake of pictures and messages, was designed and produced by Lori McNamara and<br />

Kris Burnham.<br />

At the Gala event on Veterans Day, 11-11-11, we paid a special tribute to our county military and<br />

veterans, coordinated by Bob Skinner. <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> Veterans Memorial Team Color Guard<br />

posted the colors. This event featured a tribute by Brigadier General Alan Gayhart, Commander of<br />

the Idaho Army National Guard and the Assistant Adjutant General for the State of Idaho.<br />

8 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

Unique to the Gala Program was the performance<br />

by the <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> Centennial<br />

High School Choir which included 177 choir<br />

students from <strong>Bonneville</strong>, Hillcrest, Idaho Falls<br />

and Skyline High Schools under the direction<br />

of Camille Blackburn, Steve Dresen, Zola<br />

Jensen, and Mark Anderson—choir directors<br />

from the area high schools. Also providing<br />

music and entertainment were The Decades,<br />

the Eastern Idaho Technical College Wind<br />

Ensemble directed by Doug Wareing, and the<br />

Idaho Falls Old Time Fiddlers.<br />

We also had special messages and proclamations<br />

from Senator Davis and Representative<br />

Bateman, Lt. Governor Brad Little, U.S. Senators<br />

Mike Crapo and Jim Risch, and Congressman<br />

Mike Simpson, as well as Department of<br />

Energy Idaho Operations Office Manager<br />

Richard Provencher, and Juan Alvarez from<br />

Battelle Energy Alliance, and our <strong>County</strong><br />

Commissioners. The Idaho Falls Firefighters<br />

Pipes & Drums led the processionals followed<br />

by the <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> Sheriff’s Office<br />

Color Guard.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Left to right, <strong>County</strong><br />

Commissioners Roger Christensen,<br />

Lee Staker, and Dave Radford, 2011.<br />


Below: Combined choir from four high<br />

schools: <strong>Bonneville</strong>, Hillcrest, Skyline<br />

and Idaho Falls.<br />


C h a p t e r 2 5 ✦ 8 3


Introduction<br />

1 United States Census, Eagle Rock Post Office, Snake<br />

River District, Oneida <strong>County</strong>, Territory of Idaho, 1870.<br />

2 Mary Jane Fritzen, “Taylor’s Bridge and Founders of<br />

Eagle Rock,” published by the author for <strong>Bonneville</strong><br />

<strong>County</strong> Heritage Association and Museum of Idaho,<br />

2006. See Bibliographic essay.<br />

3 Davis Bitton. “Peopling the Upper Snake: the Second<br />

wave of Mormon Settlement in Idaho.” Idaho Yesterdays,<br />

Summer 1979, pp. 47-52. Leonard J. Arrington. “The<br />

Promise of Eagle Rock: Idaho Falls, Idaho, 1863-1980.”<br />

Rendezvous: Special Issue: Perspectives on Western History,<br />

Vol. 18, Spring 1983, Nos. 1 & 2; pp. 2-6.<br />

Chapter 1<br />

4 Lovell, Edith Haroldson. Benjamin <strong>Bonneville</strong>, Soldier of the<br />

American Frontier (Salt Lake City: Horizon Publishers,<br />

1992), pages 254-255.<br />

5 For map see this link: http://geology.com/state-map/idaho.<br />

shtml#elevation<br />

6 Leonard J. Arrington, History of Idaho, Vol. 1 (Moscow,<br />

Idaho: University of Idaho Press, 1994), page 168.<br />

7 Arrington, page 249.<br />

8 Arrington, page 199.<br />

9 Arrington, page 249.<br />

10 Arrington, page 314.<br />

11 Lovell, Edith Haroldson. Captain <strong>Bonneville</strong>’s <strong>County</strong>,<br />

(Idaho Falls: 1963), page 119. Lovell shows a facsimile<br />

drawing of the ferry. Adjoining property on both sides<br />

of the river is now farmed and access to the ferry site is<br />

only through cultivated fields.<br />

Chapter 2<br />

12 An Illustrated History of the State of Idaho (Chicago: Lewis<br />

Publishers, 1899), 96-100. See Mary Jane Fritzen,<br />

“Taylor’s Bridge and Founders of Eagle Rock,” (Idaho<br />

Falls, Idaho: <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> Heritage Association<br />

and Museum of Idaho, 2006).<br />

13 Ibid.<br />

Chapter 3<br />

14 Arrington, page 152.<br />

15 Arrington, page 316.<br />

16 Lovell, Edith Haroldson. Captain <strong>Bonneville</strong>’s <strong>County</strong>, page 188.<br />

17 Joseph H. Groberg, “The Mormon Disfranchisements of<br />

1882 to 1892,” in Brigham Young University Studies, Vol. 16,<br />

Spring 1976, page 405.<br />

18 Clark, Eunice, The Post-Register, interview, September 1934.<br />

See also Lovell, 227.<br />

19 Arrington, page 10.<br />

Chapter 4<br />

20 Lovell, 252.<br />

21 www.familysearch.org<br />

22 Idaho Register, April, May 1891; 18 June, 1909; 24 August<br />

1909; 21 May 1918; 16 May 1919; 20 May 1919.<br />

23 www.rootsweb.com/~ilcivilw/county/winnebago<br />

24 Idaho Falls Times, 22 May 1919.<br />

25 Lovell, Edith Haroldson. Captain <strong>Bonneville</strong>’s <strong>County</strong>.<br />

26 The Post-Register, 8 April 1946.<br />

27 U. S. 1880 Federal Census: Wyoming Territory.<br />

28 Fritzen, Mary Jane. Sesquicentennial Memories. Idaho Falls,<br />

Idaho, 1997<br />

29 Idaho Falls Daily Post, 18 May 1919<br />

30 Lovell, 202-203.<br />

31 See pamphlet found at Idaho Falls Public Library.<br />

32, 33 See Cheryl A. Cox, Second Stories Revisited (Idaho Falls, 2006).<br />

Chapter 9<br />

34 For more information, see The Great Feeder monument<br />

erected by Daughters of Utah Pioneers at Ririe City Hall<br />

on Main Street, Ririe.<br />

35 Irene Welch Grissom, The Passing of the Sage-Brush, Idaho<br />

Register, 2 November 1909, page 5, excerpted.<br />

Chapter 14<br />

36 See cover photograph of painting by Kathryn Browning of<br />

old building now restored as Stanger Memorial Art Building.<br />

37 Early history of Iona prepared by Linden Bateman for<br />

Iona’s Sunday Centennial Service, July 24, 1983.<br />

38 Deseret News Church News, November 22, 1980.<br />

39 Memories of Alice and Ken Rohde, who danced there for<br />

a remarkable square dance in the 1970s.<br />

8 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

✧<br />

Whosoever Drinketh of This Water.<br />


Chapter 15<br />

40 Grays Lake historian Ellen Carney explains that in her<br />

experience the name of Grays Lake post office had no<br />

apostrophe. Carriboo or Cariboo was the spelling used for<br />

the post office for the historic mining camp, until the<br />

Forest Service came in about 1907, when the spelling was<br />

changed to Caribou.<br />

Chapter 16<br />

41 See Chapter 18, Osgood.<br />

42 Restored steam engine and history of Osgood sugar<br />

growers provided by Ron Harker.<br />

Chapter 23<br />

43 Name changes of Ucon: Before 1901 and sometimes<br />

thereafter it was known as Willow Creek; from 1901-1908:<br />

Ako; 1908-1911: Elva. Since then, Ucon.<br />

E n d n o t e s ✦ 8 5

8 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


H i s t o r i c p r o f i l e s o f b u s i n e s s e s ,<br />

o r g a n i z a t i o n s , a n d f a m i l i e s t h a t h a v e<br />

c o n t r i b u t e d t o t h e d e v e l o p m e n t a n d<br />

e c o n o m i c b a s e o f B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y<br />

Quality of Life ..........................................................8 8<br />

The Marketplace ......................................................1 0 6<br />

Building a Greater <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> ..........................1 3 4<br />

S h a r i n g t h e H e r i t a g e ✦ 8 7

8 8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


H e a l t h c a r e p r o v i d e r s , s c h o o l d i s t r i c t s ,<br />

u n i v e r s i t i e s , a n d o t h e r i n s t i t u t i o n s t h a t c o n t r i b u t e<br />

t o t h e q u a l i t y o f l i f e i n B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y<br />

Eastern Idaho Technical College . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 0<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> Joint School District No. 93 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2<br />

War Bonnet Rodeo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 4<br />

American Legion Post 56 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 5<br />

Idaho Falls School District #91 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 6<br />

Fairwinds-Sandcreek Retirement Community . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 8<br />

Creekside Home Health & Hospice/Encompass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0 0<br />

Eastern Idaho Regional Medical Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0 1<br />

Development Workshop, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0 2<br />

Peak Performance Therapy Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0 3<br />

Colonial Theater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0 4<br />

Idaho Falls Symphony . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0 5<br />

Q u a l i t y o f L i f e ✦ 8 9




✧<br />

Above: Governor Samuelson signs<br />

HB #474 creating the Eastern Idaho<br />

Vocational School. Legislators<br />

witnessing the signing are left to right:<br />

Senator Richard A. Egbert;<br />

Representative John O. Sessions;<br />

Senator J. Marsden Williams;<br />

Representative Aden Hyde;<br />

Representative Russel Fogg;<br />

Senator Fisher Ellsworth;<br />

Representative Terry Crapo; and<br />

Representative Kurt L. Johnson,<br />

March 2, 1970.<br />

Below: The John O. Sessions<br />

Mechanical Building was the first<br />

campus building, 1972. Wayne<br />

Rodgers, the first director, stands<br />

in front of rented offices/<br />

classrooms, 1970.<br />

Real Education. Real<br />

Jobs. Real Life. That is<br />

the motto of Eastern<br />

Idaho Technical College<br />

and is a fitting description<br />

of the type of education<br />

that this Idaho<br />

Falls school offers—a<br />

real education not left<br />

behind in the classroom<br />

or within the covers of<br />

a textbook, but instead<br />

one that is taken into<br />

the real world.<br />

Often called by its<br />

acronym, EITC—pronounced “Eye-Tech”—<br />

Eastern Idaho Technical College has served citizens<br />

and businesses in a nine county area in<br />

eastern Idaho for more than four decades. Now<br />

the largest college in Idaho Falls, it was officially<br />

established as Eastern Idaho Vocational School<br />

by the 40th Idaho Legislature in 1969; and, by<br />

August 1970—while building plans fueled<br />

by a $65,000 donation from Idaho Nuclear<br />

Corporation got underway—129 students began<br />

attending inaugural classes in rented facilities<br />

throughout the city.<br />

Phase I of the school’s first building—the<br />

John O. Sessions Mechanical Building—was<br />

completed in 1972, the same year that the 42nd<br />

Legislature changed the name to Eastern Idaho<br />

Vocational-Technical School to better describe<br />

the broader scope of programs being proposed.<br />

This name stayed in place until 1989 when the<br />

school was given its current name.<br />

By the mid-1970s, Phases II and III of the<br />

Mechanical Building—an additional 45,000<br />

square feet of learning and office space—was<br />

completed. With enrollment skyrocketing, however,<br />

even more space was soon needed and, in<br />

1976, the Idaho Legislature appropriated funds<br />

for the design of a new technology building.<br />

A collaborative effort between the federal and<br />

state governments, the $2.4 million Technical<br />

Building was completed in 1979. Within the<br />

next eight years, both buildings were also filled<br />

to capacity and the 1986 Idaho Legislature<br />

appropriated $800,000 for yet another. Thanks<br />

to matching funds from the Economic<br />

Development Association and a major community<br />

fund drive, the $2.4 million John E.<br />

Christofferson Multipurpose Building was<br />

completed in 1988. Next came the Maintenance<br />

Building in 1991; a distance learning center<br />

in 1995; the Alexander D. Creek Classroom-<br />

Laboratory Building in 1996; and the Richard<br />

and Lila J. Jordan Library in 2001. A new<br />

state-of-the-art Health Care Education Building<br />

officially opened for classes in 2007.<br />

Today, EITC is fully accredited by the<br />

Northwest Commission on Colleges and<br />

Universities. It remains state supported and<br />

focuses on being a minimal cost, open door<br />

institution that champions technical programs,<br />

customized industry training, basic skills<br />

instruction, workforce and community education,<br />

online distance education and student<br />

services. Its programs are concentrated on the<br />

business and healthcare professions as well as<br />

mechanical trades. Program graduates may be<br />

awarded a Post Secondary Technical Certificate,<br />

Technical Certificate, Advance Technical<br />

Certificate and/or the Associate of Applied<br />

Science Degree.<br />

9 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

In addition, EITC also houses a Regional<br />

Adult Learning Center at which adult basic skills<br />

and computer skills are taught; GED or High<br />

School Equivalency Certificate preparation and<br />

testing are administered and English as a<br />

Second Language is offered. The Center for New<br />

Directions prepares underprepared adults, single<br />

parents and displaced homemakers for educational<br />

and work success, and Workforce Training<br />

and Community Education programs offer specially<br />

designed short-term training courses to<br />

adults interested in upgrading their work skills<br />

or exploring new areas of employment. EITC<br />

also offers area companies cost-effective, highquality<br />

customized training, with all programs<br />

designed to not only improve the labor pool,<br />

but to, consequently, improve the chances of<br />

success for area business and industry.<br />

An important contributor to the school’s<br />

success is the Eastern Idaho Technical College<br />

Foundation. Founded and incorporated as a<br />

501(c) (3) in 1992, the Foundation assists<br />

students with scholarships, supports institutional<br />

initiatives and serves as a positive<br />

community partner. Like the college it has<br />

grown tremendously throughout its existence,<br />

thanks to generous donors—such as the<br />

J. A. and Kathryn Albertson Foundation, which<br />

in 2010 donated over $1 million for student<br />

scholarships as well as successful fundraising<br />

efforts such as the Great Race for Education, a<br />

large-scale, community-wide scavenger hunt,<br />

which in 2011 raised more than $40,000 for<br />

additional scholarships. The Foundation also<br />

publishes INVEST, an annual magazine which<br />

chronicles the achievements made by the staff,<br />

faculty and students of EITC.<br />

For more information, visit www.eitc.edu<br />

and www.eitcfoundation.org.<br />

✧<br />

Above: The state-of-the-art Health<br />

Care Education Building opened for<br />

classes in 2007.<br />

Below: “Eye Your Future at EITC”<br />

2004 campaign focused on the various<br />

technical programs at EITC.<br />

Q u a l i t y o f L i f e ✦ 9 1



DISTRICT NO. 93<br />

✧<br />

Left: Lincoln School was built in<br />

1905 with a current enrollment of<br />

182 students.<br />

Right: Fairview-Coltman Elementary<br />

was built in 1927 with a current<br />

enrollment of 315 students.<br />

Though many residents and citizens were<br />

opposed to a combined school district in the<br />

beginning, <strong>Bonneville</strong> Joint School District<br />

Number 93 has flourished since it was first<br />

founded on March 16, 1950, and is, in fact,<br />

today the fifth largest school district in the state<br />

and fourth largest employer in the area.<br />

Passionate opposition mounted when the<br />

Idaho State Legislature mandated with its 1947<br />

School Reorganization Act #59 that all Idaho<br />

school districts consolidate as far as possible on<br />

county lines. <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> residents resisted<br />

not only because the county covered such a<br />

vast area, but because the early settlers had<br />

already established their own schools and independent<br />

districts in each farming community<br />

and town site. Parents were reluctant to have<br />

strangers educating their children and feared<br />

having schools located a greater distance from<br />

home. They were also afraid that a centralized<br />

school system would negatively affect their<br />

children in other ways such as value structure<br />

and work ethics. City and county children, they<br />

felt, were unique in their needs and rural<br />

parents feared their children would be less<br />

appreciated than those of the more influential<br />

and wealthy citizens residing within the city<br />

limits of Idaho Falls.<br />

Despite local opposition, a <strong>Bonneville</strong><br />

<strong>County</strong> Reorganization Committee was elected<br />

on June 2, 1947, and proposed that all of<br />

the county’s independent school districts<br />

consolidate with the Idaho Falls School District<br />

No. 91, a suburban district whose values<br />

were standard for the day, but quite different<br />

from the rural districts. The proposal was<br />

overwhelmingly defeated in a special election<br />

held on March 1, 1948, and leaders headed<br />

back to the drawing board.<br />

After eighteen general meetings and many<br />

smaller district meetings, a second reorganization<br />

proposal was finally sent to the state<br />

committee for approval on January 14, 1950,<br />

and was ratified in a special election three<br />

months later creating what is still known<br />

today as <strong>Bonneville</strong> Joint School District No.<br />

93. The newly organized independent district,<br />

made up of ten local districts located mainly<br />

in the rural areas outside of Idaho Falls,<br />

included the former Buck School District #1,<br />

Milo School District #31, Crowley School<br />

District #316, Fairview School District #11<br />

at Ucon, Independent School District #35 at<br />

Lincoln, Independent School District #5<br />

at Iona, and Independent School District #9 at<br />

Ammon. Louis L. Wolz was hired as the<br />

first superintendent and the original board<br />

of trustees included Chairman Robert E. Hill,<br />

Treasurer LeRoy H. Hansen, and Board<br />

Members Oscar W. Johnson, Herman Sargent,<br />

and Derrald Ricks.<br />

The new school system grew swiftly. In fact,<br />

between 1954 and 1962 the number of students<br />

more than doubled from approximately<br />

1,500 to more than 3,000 and the assessed<br />

value increased from $7.5 million to over<br />

$9 million. A new <strong>Bonneville</strong> High School was<br />

built and began serving grades seventh through<br />

twelfth in 1957. During the 1970s, a major<br />

growth spurt took root and, by 1983, the district<br />

had more than doubled again to more than<br />

6,500 students with an assessed valuation of<br />

9 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

over $39 million. Between 1990 and 2004,<br />

enrollment seemed to plateau with an average<br />

of 7,500 students, but hit another growth<br />

spurt around the 2004-2005 school year and,<br />

in 2012, enrollment topped 10,500.<br />

Today’s record-breaking student roster is<br />

served by more than 1,300 classified and<br />

certified staff members at 13 elementary<br />

schools, 2 middle schools, 1 online home<br />

school, 2 comprehensive high schools and<br />

1 online high school. Specialized education<br />

occurs at nineteen locations and includes<br />

programs such as early childhood intervention<br />

classrooms; a developmentally<br />

delayed kindergarten unit and<br />

developmentally delayed resource<br />

classrooms; units for autistic and<br />

severely emotionally disturbed<br />

students; extended resource<br />

classrooms, “Title One” all-day<br />

kindergarten classrooms; a district<br />

wide Limited English<br />

Proficiency program; supervised<br />

school detention; and alternative<br />

education locations for grades<br />

seventh through twelfth, as well<br />

as a behavioral health center for<br />

kindergarten through twelfth<br />

grade students. Approximately<br />

sixty-five percent of all students are transported<br />

to and from school. All schools and programs<br />

are fully accredited.<br />

“Our vision statement of ‘Achieving Each<br />

Individual’s Highest Potential’ symbolizes our<br />

commitment to provide the finest educational<br />

opportunities for every student and every<br />

employee,” said School Superintendent<br />

Dr. Charles Shackett. “We are proud of our<br />

school district and proud to call <strong>Bonneville</strong><br />

<strong>County</strong> home.”<br />

For more information on <strong>Bonneville</strong> Joint<br />

School District No. 93, visit www.d93.k12.id.us.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Ammon Elementary was built<br />

in 1936 with a current enrollment of<br />

395 students.<br />

Below: Rimrock Elementary was built<br />

in 2006 with a current enrollment of<br />

415 students.<br />

Q u a l i t y o f L i f e ✦ 9 3


RODEO<br />

✧<br />

Above, left: The War Bonnet Roundup<br />

Rodeo emblem is trademarked with<br />

the state and has been the emblem of<br />

our rodeo for over a hundred years.<br />

Above, right: Early image of<br />

Reno Park during a War Bonnet<br />

Roundup Rodeo.<br />




Below: Making ’im Ride, War Bonnet<br />

Roundup Rodeo, 1916.<br />





American Legion Post 56 in Idaho Falls has<br />

been a center of community activity in<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> since the World War I era.<br />

In addition to honoring veterans and providing<br />

a convivial place for veterans to gather and<br />

work on civic projects, the Post is known<br />

throughout the region for its sponsorship of the<br />

War Bonnet Roundup Rodeo, one of the oldest<br />

and most successful rodeos in the nation.<br />

There is no doubt that the War Bonnet<br />

Roundup is Idaho’s oldest and longest running<br />

rodeo. However there is some dispute about its<br />

anniversary. The idea of holding a rodeo in<br />

Idaho Falls developed after a rodeo was held in<br />

Jackson Hole, Wyoming in the early 1900s.<br />

When Idaho Falls became the county seat of the<br />

newly created <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> in 1911, business<br />

leaders wanted to sponsor an event that<br />

would draw people in from surrounding areas<br />

and show then what Idaho Falls had to offer.<br />

The first rodeo performance was held in<br />

September 1912.<br />

The War Bonnet Roundup Rodeo has now<br />

been a fixture in Idaho Falls for 100 years and<br />

has been a source of exciting entertainment,<br />

sporting achievement and western heritage since<br />

its beginning. Tom Ogawa<br />

was Rodeo chairman for<br />

many years and, after his<br />

twenty-sixth year, he was<br />

presented with a laserengraved<br />

30-30 Winchester<br />

Saddle Rifle.<br />

There were a few<br />

years during the 1930s<br />

and 1940s when the<br />

Roundup could not be<br />

staged because of the<br />

Great Depression and<br />

World War II, and, in<br />

recent years, a lack of<br />

sponsorships caused cancellation<br />

of the event in<br />

2009 and 2010. However,<br />

under the leadership and<br />

direction of American<br />

Legion Post 56, the War<br />

Bonnet Roundup Rodeo<br />

has now entered its second<br />

century and is bigger<br />

and better than ever.<br />

9 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

The Rodeo has become a part of Idaho Falls<br />

history. The event started in Reno Park (now<br />

known as Tautphaus Park), and later moved to<br />

Sandy Downs where it continues to be a major<br />

summer attraction. In recent years, American<br />

Legion Post 56 has changed the rodeo arena<br />

and made many improvements to the rodeo<br />

grounds and facilities, including a big screen<br />

replay board that allows spectators to see<br />

instant replays of the action.<br />

Partnering with the Legion is Judd<br />

Mortensen, a local cowboy who is now retired<br />

from bull riding but lends his knowledge and<br />

expertise to rodeo and bull riding events<br />

throughout the country.<br />

Legion Boys State and supports the American<br />

Legion Oratorical Contest. Members visit fifth<br />

grade classrooms to present a flag education<br />

program and present certificates to students<br />

who complete the program.<br />

In addition, the Legion has a float in<br />

the annual Fourth of July parade, presents<br />

several programs for Veterans Day, retires<br />

and burns flags on Flag Day, and honors<br />

policemen, firemen, state patrolmen and<br />

sheriff’s deputies each year. Members also<br />

conduct programs for churches, civic<br />

organizations, scouts, nursing homes and<br />

others who request programs about the flag<br />

or veterans.<br />


LEGION POST 56<br />

In addition to its work with the War Bonnet<br />

Roundup Rodeo, American Legion Post 56,<br />

commanded by Robert L. Skinner, is involved<br />

in a number of other activities.<br />

The Legion’s Idaho Honor Guard is<br />

considered one of the best in the state and<br />

conducts graveside honors for any veteran. In<br />

2011 the Honor Guard conducted 113 such<br />

graveside ceremonies.<br />

The organization sponsors four American<br />

Legion baseball teams, sponsors the American<br />

In 1949, H. L. Baxter donated a building<br />

in downtown Idaho Falls to the American Legion<br />

and, in 1960; the <strong>County</strong> Commissioners agreed<br />

to fund operation of the building with county<br />

tax money.<br />

American Legion Post 56 meets at 7:00 pm<br />

the first and third Monday of each month at the<br />

Veterans Memorial Building at 485 Constitution<br />

Way in Idaho Falls. The Legion is an active,<br />

growing organization and always welcomes<br />

new members.<br />

✧<br />

Above: The memorial team during<br />

military graveside honors.<br />

Q u a l i t y o f L i f e ✦ 9 5

✧<br />

Above: The first school in Idaho Falls<br />

School District #91 was the Rebecca<br />

Mitchell School, a one-room school<br />

that opened in 1882 on Eastern<br />

Avenue at Elm Street in what was<br />

then School District No. 9,<br />

Oneida <strong>County</strong>.<br />

Below: With recent passage of a<br />

$53 million bond, Idaho Falls School<br />

District #91 is making upgrades to<br />

schools throughout the district. Four<br />

of the district’s aged elementary<br />

schools—Dora Erickson, Edgemont,<br />

Ethel Boyes, and Longfellow—will be<br />

replaced with new buildings that can<br />

support twenty-first century learning.<br />


Idaho Falls School District #91 was actually<br />

born in the summer of 1882 when teacher<br />

Rebecca Mitchell set up a temporary classroom<br />

in an abandoned saloon on Eagle Rock Street.<br />

Old boxes served as desks for the first students<br />

of the new school district, which was initially<br />

named School District No. 9 of Oneida <strong>County</strong><br />

and included almost all of the Snake River Valley.<br />

The makeshift classroom was only used for<br />

about six months before the first official schoolhouse<br />

was opened in December 1882—a<br />

one-room building located on Elm Street just<br />

south of what is today the Museum of Idaho. In<br />

1892, a new eight-room school was opened and<br />

dubbed Central School. An annex was added in<br />

1903 to serve students in grades one through<br />

twelve. At this point, the school employed 19<br />

teachers and boasted an enrollment of 738<br />

students, 73 of which were high school students.<br />

Other schools soon followed. Riverside School,<br />

for example, was opened on Idaho Avenue in<br />

1908 and Eastside Elementary located between<br />

Thirteenth and Fourteenth Streets opened in<br />

1911. Eagle Rock Elementary on Chamberlain<br />

Avenue opened in 1913. In 1916, Idaho Falls<br />

Central High School opened on Seventh and<br />

Boulevard and served high school students for<br />

more than three decades before Idaho Falls High<br />

School was opened in 1952 on Holmes and John<br />

Adams Parkway. The old Central High facility<br />

was then used for various grades until it burned<br />

down in 1973. O. E. Bell Junior High School was<br />

built in 1930 on Ridge Avenue, on the site of the<br />

original Central School. It was closed down in<br />

1980 and is today a renovated office building.<br />

In the 1940s, approximately forty schools in<br />

the Upper Snake River Valley were reorganized<br />

into two school districts—Idaho Falls School<br />

District #91 and <strong>Bonneville</strong> School District #93.<br />

Several schools joined District #91 at that time.<br />

Eleven new schools—2 high schools, 1 junior<br />

high and 8 elementary schools—were built<br />

in the 1950 and 1960s to accommodate the<br />

explosive population growth fueled primarily by<br />

what is now Idaho National Laboratory.<br />

The district is currently the state’s fifth<br />

largest with approximately 10,400 students<br />

and a recently commissioned demographics<br />

study predicts that enrollment will continue<br />

to grow. The district has approximately<br />

940 full-time equivalent employees, more than<br />

600 of which are certified teachers, principals,<br />

counselors and nurses and all of whom<br />

work diligently with the community to fulfill<br />

the school system’s mission “to develop the<br />

whole child in an atmosphere of excellence<br />

characterized by a comprehensive curriculum,<br />

quality instruction, mutual respect and shared<br />

responsibility for learning.”<br />

9 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

In 2012, the district had<br />

18 schools—12 elementary<br />

schools to serve kindergarten<br />

through sixth grade; 2 middle<br />

schools for students in<br />

seventh and eighth grades;<br />

and 4 high schools for grades<br />

nine through twelve. Of the 4<br />

high schools, one is an alternative<br />

school for students<br />

who have not been successful<br />

in a traditional high<br />

school setting and the other<br />

is a new magnet high school,<br />

Compass Academy. With the<br />

passage of a $53 million bond in 2012, the<br />

district is in the process of rebuilding four of<br />

its elementary schools, renovating science<br />

classrooms at two high schools, and upgrading<br />

the Clair E. Gale Building to accommodate<br />

both the new Compass Academy and many of<br />

the district’s professional-technical programs.<br />

The upgrades are part of the district’s vision<br />

of creating schools that have a culture that<br />

empowers, instruction that engages and technology<br />

that enables students to be competitive<br />

in the twenty-first century. The district is in<br />

the process of aligning its curriculum to the<br />

Common Core Standards, which are aligned to<br />

college and work expectations.<br />

Another focus is on integrating<br />

technology into classrooms in<br />

ways that will truly transform<br />

education so students develop the<br />

skills of creativity, collaboration,<br />

critical thinking and communication,<br />

which are so critical today.<br />

The district has a number of<br />

special programs serving students’<br />

needs including advanced placement<br />

and dual credit classes;<br />

an online academy; a host of programs<br />

for special needs students;<br />

a summer school for students in<br />

grades seven through twelve; a<br />

gifted program; programs to help<br />

students with limited proficiency<br />

in the English language; and a<br />

number of professional-technical<br />

programs that allow students to<br />

earn college credits and certifications<br />

in programs such as nursing<br />

assistant training, emergency<br />

medical technician training, and<br />

automotive technology.<br />

For more information on Idaho<br />

Falls School District #91, visit<br />

www.ifschools.org.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Technology is changing<br />

education. In Idaho Falls School<br />

District #91, technology is used to<br />

enrich instruction, engage students<br />

and help them master the twenty-first<br />

century skills of communication,<br />

collaboration, critical thinking, and<br />

creativity that are critical to success in<br />

college and the world of work.<br />

Left: In Idaho Falls School District<br />

#91, the focus is on individual student<br />

achievement and ensuring that every<br />

child meets their potential. In our<br />

elementary schools, the emphasis is on<br />

reading, writing, and math so students<br />

have the strong foundation they need<br />

to be successful in high school, college,<br />

and the world of work.<br />

Q u a l i t y o f L i f e ✦ 9 7





✧<br />

Bottom, left: Dan Madsen, Ken<br />

Madsen and the farmer that sold the<br />

land to the Fairwinds-Sandcreek<br />

Retirement Community project.<br />

Bottom, center and right: Stages of<br />

construction for the Fairwinds<br />

Retirement Community project.<br />

Fairwinds-Sandcreek Retirement Community<br />

in Idaho Falls is a community in the truest<br />

sense. And not just any community, but one that<br />

focuses on continuously providing everything<br />

its residents need, all parceled in an atmosphere<br />

of “Five-Star Fun.”<br />

“The industry often calls communities<br />

such as ours ‘facilities’ and refer to those<br />

who live here as ‘patients’ instead of residents,<br />

but here at Fairwinds-Sandcreek that could not<br />

be further from reality,” General Manager and<br />

Administrator Kelly Martin says. “As a matter<br />

of fact, we are often likened to a luxurious<br />

and lively cruise ship. We’re just grounded in<br />

beautiful Idaho Falls.”<br />

The first community in Idaho Falls to cater<br />

to both assisted living and independent living<br />

residents, Fairwinds-Sandcreek Retirement<br />

Community has been open since the fall of<br />

2000. It is owned by Leisure Care, one of the<br />

nation’s largest privately-held retirement and<br />

assisted living companies since 1976, and its<br />

parent company, One Eighty. Both companies<br />

are known for their innovative and fun<br />

approaches to the business. The community<br />

offers 120 various-sized apartments anchored<br />

by an array of common areas that are far from<br />

common and great activities to bring it all to life.<br />

Residents, for example, can enjoy a scrumptious<br />

restaurant-style, dietician-approved meal<br />

9 8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

prepared by a full-time executive chef seven days<br />

a week. There is also an onsite library, a spa,<br />

salon and host of other useful facilities and<br />

comfortable common areas as well as beautifully<br />

landscaped courtyards. Located nearby are the<br />

Sand Creek Golf Course, tennis courts, and<br />

theaters, museums and shopping malls, not to<br />

mention Yellowstone, the Grand Teton National<br />

Parks, Jackson Hole and the Snake River. For<br />

peace of mind, Eastern Idaho Regional Medical<br />

Center and Mountain View Hospital are also<br />

close at hand. The atmosphere is lively and fun,<br />

cozy and tranquil, all at the same time, and there<br />

are always a plethora of activities to explore.<br />

“You won’t find any boring elevator music<br />

here. We play good seventies music and rock<br />

and roll. The smell of freshly popped popcorn<br />

from our lobby bistro is a favorite by everyone<br />

that enters and it’s always fun to witness the<br />

extremely competitive putting contest that<br />

happens in the lobby twice a week. Just off<br />

the lobby, you may see our Wii Bowling Team<br />

practicing for an upcoming tournament or,<br />

upstairs, an intense billiard tournament in<br />

play. Across the room, a group of residents<br />

take part in a low impact ‘sittercise’ workout or<br />

participate in a course of brain aerobics,”<br />

Martin says, describing a typical day in the<br />

Fairwinds-Sandcreek community. “But, that’s<br />

just skimming the surface. There’s also bingo,<br />

fashion shows, poker, the opportunity to watch<br />

a professional baseball game from box seats just<br />

behind home plate or join other residents for a<br />

night with the Idaho Falls Symphony.”<br />

Additionally, residents can enjoy a walking<br />

club, weekly shopping trips, transportation to<br />

and from appointments, monthly candlelight<br />

dinners, scenic drives, concierge services, trip<br />

planning through the company’s own Travel by<br />

Leisure Care program and many customized<br />

annual events, such as golf tournaments, car<br />

shows and an annual contest for residents who<br />

have been married for fifty or more years whereby<br />

contestants enter to win a trip by submitting<br />

an essay expressing why their significant other is<br />

still the one.<br />

“The stories are amazing,” Martin said with a<br />

smile, adding that local officials and celebrities<br />

join the previous year’s contest winners as judges<br />

and announce the winner at a special dinner for<br />

the top fifteen couples and family members.<br />

“The bottom line is that our residents can do<br />

what they want, when they want, all the while<br />

having the peace of mind of knowing that<br />

our highly-trained staff is always available<br />

and every apartment is equipped with an<br />

emergency communication system. And, if<br />

they ever need assistance, our staff is available<br />

within minutes twenty-four hours a day<br />

seven days a week,” Martin said, adding that<br />

Fairwinds-Sandcreek follows closely the lead of<br />

its ownership companies in all that it does,<br />

including carefully selecting and maintaining<br />

a high-energy and dedicated staff and basing<br />

day-to-day operational decisions on always<br />

“doing the right thing.”<br />

“We know that our success starts with our<br />

staff and we are diligent about hiring happy,<br />

fun, innovative, dedicated and high-energy<br />

people who, by their very nature, add sincerity,<br />

warmth, character and heart to our community,”<br />

concluded Martin.<br />

For more information, visit the Internet at<br />

http://www.leisurecare.com/fairwinds-sandcreek/.<br />

Q u a l i t y o f L i f e ✦ 9 9


HEALTH &<br />

HOSPICE/<br />


✧<br />

Right: Left to right,<br />

Hospice Director Sandy Herrera,<br />

Home Health Director Yvette Blake,<br />

and Area Manager Delsy Phillips.<br />

There is a reason why<br />

Creekside Home Health and<br />

Hospice is one of the largest<br />

such providers in Idaho Falls<br />

area and it is the same reason<br />

that in November 2011<br />

Encompass Home Health—<br />

one of the most respected<br />

and recognized home health<br />

companies in the nation—<br />

selected the company to join<br />

its growing network.<br />

“Over the past decade<br />

since Creekside Home Health<br />

and Hospice was founded in<br />

2002, the company has earned a stellar<br />

reputation of providing competent,<br />

courteous and compassionate care to<br />

patients and their families and the<br />

community at large,” said Area Manager<br />

Delsy Phillips, proudly adding that<br />

these were the very qualities that<br />

attracted the new owners.<br />

Recognized as a Top Health Company<br />

on Inc. Magazine’s Inc. 5000 list for 2011<br />

as well as a “Best Place to Work in<br />

Healthcare” by weekly magazine Modern<br />

Healthcare, Encompass Home Health is<br />

a Medicare-certified home health, hospice<br />

and pediatric home care network<br />

with more than 100 locations located<br />

across Colorado, New Mexico, Oklahoma,<br />

Oregon, Texas, Utah and now Idaho.<br />

With a simply-stated, but quite powerful<br />

mission to provide “A Better Way to Care,”<br />

the staff of Creekside Home Health & Hospice/<br />

Encompass is committed to delivering superior,<br />

compassionate and individualized care in the<br />

comfort of the patient’s home or in the least<br />

restrictive alternative setting in which the<br />

patient’s needs can be fully met. To further<br />

improve the quality of care offered, Creekside<br />

Home Health & Hospice/Encompass utilizes a<br />

sophisticated software program—an electronic<br />

medical records system called Homecare<br />

Homebase—which provides real-time information<br />

to caregivers and physicians.<br />

Creekside Home Health & Hospice/Encompass<br />

now has six locations in Idaho and Oregon. For<br />

more information, visit online at www.ehhi.com.<br />

1 0 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y




CENTER<br />

Eastern Idaho Regional Medical Center<br />

(EIRMC) has been at the very heart of the<br />

region’s healthcare since opening more than a<br />

quarter of a century ago.<br />

The year was 1986 and the staff spent a<br />

chilly December moving both equipment and<br />

patients from Park View and River View<br />

Hospitals into a brand new $42 million facility<br />

located at 3100 Channing Way in Idaho Falls.<br />

Since opening, the initial capital investment has<br />

grown to well over $200 million and today—<br />

with 5 locations, 331 licensed beds and a staff<br />

of more than 225 physicians and 1,300-plus<br />

employees—EIRMC is the largest medical facility<br />

and the very hub of healthcare in the region.<br />

Truly a beacon in healthcare, it is a member<br />

of the HCA family and is fully accredited by the<br />

Joint Commission. EIRMC offers leading edge<br />

healthcare to an average of 439 patients per day,<br />

nearly forty percent of whom travel from outside<br />

of <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>. The hospital is home<br />

to Idaho’s only Level 1 Intensive Care Unit.<br />

The hospital is one of just over 100 hospitals<br />

in the nation that features a Level II Trauma<br />

Center and also has a Cancer Center, which<br />

holds a rare “Comprehensive” ranking by the<br />

ACS Commission on Cancer as well as a leading<br />

edge Heart Center. EIRMC’s Heart Center<br />

provides the majority of its coronary bypass<br />

surgeries using the “beating heart” or off-pump<br />

method, which is proven to significantly<br />

decrease mortality rates, and its state-of-the-art<br />

catheterization labs offer the full complement<br />

of diagnostic and treatment services.<br />

EIRMC is furthermore home to the Air Idaho<br />

Rescue, which averages more than 800 air and<br />

ground rescues annually and is one of just 136<br />

nationally accredited air emergency transport<br />

services. Additionally, the hospital features<br />

a seventy-two bed Behavioral Health Center;<br />

is designated as a Primary Stroke Center by<br />

the Joint Commission; offers New U, a national<br />

bariatric center of excellence; provides regionleading<br />

care for high risk mothers and<br />

infants via impressive sub-specialization in<br />

perinatology and neonatology; and provides<br />

the region’s health safety net in its award<br />

winning Emergency Department, serving over<br />

38,000 patients per year.<br />

Complementing its leading role in the area’s<br />

healthcare, EIRMC is also an active and<br />

involved corporate citizen, donating time,<br />

money and sponsorship to a rich variety of<br />

community causes.<br />

For more information, visit www.eirmc.com.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Since opening its doors in<br />

1986, Eastern Idaho Regional Medical<br />

Center has grown into a “medical<br />

destination” for patients residing as<br />

far as from Idaho Falls as southern<br />

Montana, western Wyoming and<br />

northern Utah.<br />

Below: As the second largest employer<br />

in Idaho Falls, EIRMC’s payroll has<br />

an impressive ripple effect into other<br />

area businesses, and the taxes paid by<br />

the hospital are a critical source of<br />

funds for infrastructure and other<br />

state and local services.<br />

Q u a l i t y o f L i f e ✦ 1 0 1



INC.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Many people were employed<br />

onsite. This photograph shows one of<br />

the first contracts—manufacturing<br />

survey stakes.<br />

Below: Today, Development<br />

Workshop, Inc., helps hundreds of<br />

individuals land jobs with<br />

area employers.<br />

As recently as the 1960s, many people with<br />

disabilities were seldom seen. Hidden away or<br />

institutionalized, opportunities to contribute to<br />

society or lead a normal life were nonexistent.<br />

Many could not dream of a future.<br />

Development Workshop, Inc., was born out<br />

of local efforts in response to a national movement<br />

to establish services for people with<br />

disabilities. They dreamed of services would<br />

allow individuals to remain in their homes and<br />

successfully integrate into their communities;<br />

to achieve their chosen level of economic and<br />

social independence.<br />

Beginning in 1971, serving just twelve<br />

clients with a staff of three, and a budget of<br />

$40,000, Development Workshop, Inc., was<br />

one of the pioneers in the United States to<br />

provide community-based vocational services.<br />

Today, the organization operates three manufacturing<br />

facilities in eastern Idaho where<br />

people with disabilities are able to receive vocational<br />

training and strive toward independence.<br />

The company manufactures products for a<br />

wide variety of customers, providing injection<br />

molding of plastics, industrial sewing, and<br />

assembly and packaging services. Additional<br />

opportunities exist through contracts like<br />

administrative support and janitorial services.<br />

In 2011, Development Workshop, Inc.,<br />

served 638 clients, helped 157 people find<br />

competitive employment and earned nearly<br />

$5 million. Development Workshop, Inc., continues<br />

to live the mission “to assist individuals<br />

who have a disability or who are disadvantaged<br />

to recognize and to achieve their chosen level of<br />

economic and social independence.”<br />

Development Workshop, Inc., strives for<br />

the day when people will be valued for their<br />

contributions and their character and it is the<br />

disability that is no longer seen.<br />

Celebrating those who dare to dream—forty<br />

years of Development Workshop, Inc. To learn<br />

more about Development Workshop, Inc., visit<br />

them online at www.dwinc.org.<br />

1 0 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

PEAK<br />




Briggs Horman, physical therapist and<br />

owner of Peak Performance Therapy Services,<br />

PC—a local business, has been a provider and<br />

leader in the rehabilitative therapy market in<br />

Idaho Falls since 1993.<br />

After graduating from Chicago’s Northwestern<br />

University, Horman took a job at the Back<br />

Institute with Intermountain Health Care in<br />

Salt Lake City, Utah. Later, while in private<br />

practice in northern California, he was<br />

recruited by Eastern Idaho Regional Medical<br />

Center (EIRMC) where he became the director<br />

of physical therapy, occupation therapy, speech<br />

therapy, cardiac rehabilitation, audiology,<br />

industrial medicine, and therapy services for<br />

home health, TCU and the rehabilitation unit<br />

on the sixth floor. He also started Functional<br />

Capacity Testing for injured workers, which<br />

he still performs today.<br />

In 1998, Horman became the owner of<br />

Body Works Therapy Services, which quickly<br />

flourished and led to the formation of Peak<br />

Performance Therapy Services, PC. He was key<br />

in the design and implementation of rehabilitate<br />

services and contracted all inpatient and<br />

outpatient services with the construction and<br />

startup of Mountain View Hospital. Briggs has<br />

been an invited lecturer for industrial safety<br />

and other health-related topics for organizations<br />

such as Idaho National Laboratory and<br />

the Idaho Industrial Commission. He was also a<br />

monthly guest speaker on KIDK Radio AM 590<br />

for many years and a member of the American<br />

Physical Therapy Association since 1989. He<br />

served as chairman of the Physical Therapy<br />

Advisory Committee to the Idaho State Board<br />

of Medicine and is also a past Idaho delegate<br />

to the Federation of State Boards of Physical<br />

Therapists and district chairman for the Idaho<br />

Physical Therapy Association.<br />

Briggs’ wife, Wendy, has been on D93 School<br />

Board since 2002 and recently won the primary<br />

election for Idaho State Representative. They<br />

and their five children reside in Ammon, where<br />

Horman operates Ammon’s first physical therapy<br />

practice. On a personal level, he is active<br />

in the Boy Scouts; has coached youth sports;<br />

participates in men’s, co-ed, and recreational<br />

leagues; and is a member of the Sounds Choir<br />

in Idaho Falls.<br />

Q u a l i t y o f L i f e ✦ 1 0 3



In 1919 three local men—C. A. Spath of the<br />

Farmers and Merchant Bank, Dr. C. M. Cline, and<br />

S. K. Mittry, a local contractor—put up $175,000<br />

to build a “proper” theater. The Colonial featured a<br />

handsome ivory-colored terra cotta face in a neoclassical<br />

Greek style and was billed as the largest<br />

and finest theater in the state of Idaho when it<br />

opened on November 10, 1919. It had the largest<br />

stage in the Intermountain West, an orchestra pit,<br />

eight dressing rooms, 1,400 luxurious mahogany<br />

seats upholstered in leather; and a “modern” ramp<br />

to the balcony. Because the theater was designed<br />

in the era before modern electronic amplification,<br />

the acoustics were (and still are) superb.<br />

war bonds. Through the 1960s and 1970s the<br />

Paramount continued showing the latest in<br />

motion pictures. However, by 1990 it was in<br />

such disrepair that it was closed, presumably<br />

forever. There was talk about tearing the old<br />

theater down and building a parking garage. But<br />

a few fans saw the beauty and potential of<br />

the great old place underneath the decaying<br />

façade. In 1990 the Idaho Falls Arts Council was<br />

formed, with a mission to promote, advocate,<br />

and present a broad spectrum of visual and<br />

performing arts in Eastern Idaho. The restoration<br />

of the Colonial Theater was their first task. In<br />

November 1994 the then-owners of the old theater,<br />

Dick Clayton, Sr., and his son Steve, donated<br />

it to the Idaho Falls Arts Council. It took the<br />

Arts Council three years to raise $4.5 million and<br />

renovate the building, returning it to the beautiful<br />

visual and performing arts center it is today.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Paramount Theater.<br />


Right: Interior Colonial Theater.<br />


The first performance in the new theater was<br />

the play John Ferguson. C. H. Lewis was the first<br />

theater manager, presenting vaudeville, dramatic<br />

plays, road shows and some early moving<br />

pictures. The Great Depression severely impacted<br />

attendance as people could no longer afford<br />

the one or two dollar ticket prices for live<br />

performances, hence the ten cent ticket to the<br />

motion pictures, some of which were “talkies,”<br />

was much more affordable. The theater subsequently<br />

underwent a bit of a conversion; a<br />

projection screen was installed and the theater<br />

name was changed to the Paramount Theater.<br />

The first moving picture shown in the Paramount<br />

in November 1929 was Welcome Danger.<br />

The Paramount still hosted the occasional<br />

live stage performance into the 1940s and<br />

1950s, most of which were local productions.<br />

Celebrities occasionally visited, including the<br />

famous comedy team Abbott and Costello, selling<br />

On March 13, 1999, the beautifully renovated<br />

Colonial Theater celebrated its Grand<br />

Opening with blues and jazz legend Ray Charles.<br />

Currently, the theater hosts between sixteen and<br />

eighteen live professional performances a year as<br />

well as dozens of local and other performances<br />

presented by local groups who rent the theater.<br />

The Colonial Theater stands proudly in<br />

downtown Idaho Falls, its classic charm of a<br />

bygone time proving a beautiful setting for the<br />

best of contemporary performing arts.<br />

1 0 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

For over sixty years, the Idaho Falls<br />

Symphony has provided quality live orchestral<br />

experiences for the enjoyment, enrichment, and<br />

education of audiences and musicians alike. The<br />

Symphony presents an annual concert series<br />

that brings the best of classical music to a<br />

variety of local venues, including Freeman Park,<br />

the Colonial Theater, and the Civic Auditorium.<br />

Established in 1949, the Symphony was<br />

originally presented by the Idaho Falls Music<br />

Club and the Community Concerts Association.<br />

The Symphony redefined itself in 1961 when the<br />

Idaho Falls Symphony Society was incorporated,<br />

by-laws were formulated, and a board of directors<br />

was elected with Lowell Jobe as president.<br />

The Symphony Society has since partnered with<br />

many local sponsors to promote a vibrant and<br />

nationally recognized symphony orchestra.<br />

of whom bring an extraordinary<br />

dedication to the organization.<br />

Today the orchestra’s growing reputation<br />

has attracted musicians<br />

from throughout the Eastern<br />

Idaho region, which has brought<br />

increased professionalism to the<br />

volunteer spirit of the ensemble.<br />

Education and outreach efforts<br />

are central to the Symphony’s role<br />

in the community. Thousands of<br />

children experience the Symphony<br />

every year through Children’s<br />

Concerts, Family Concerts, and<br />

the in-school presentations of the<br />

Ambassador Program. The Idaho<br />

Falls Youth Symphony provides an<br />

engaging orchestral opportunity for area music<br />

students, and the Masterclasses offered by the<br />

Symphony’s world-renowned guest artists have<br />

inspired generations of emerging musicians.<br />

✧<br />







The Symphony draws musicians from all<br />

walks of life. Symphony members include<br />

professional musicians, music teachers, engineers,<br />

medical doctors and many others, all<br />

After an extensive search in 2010, conductor<br />

Thomas Heuser was named the Symphony’s<br />

tenth Music Director, following a line of directors<br />

that has included Dr. George Adams, John<br />

LoPiccolo, Carl Eberl, LaMar Barrus and Harold<br />

Mealy among others. The administrative staff of<br />

dedicated employees and volunteers is located<br />

in the Idaho Falls Symphony office at the<br />

Willard Arts Center in downtown Idaho Falls.<br />

For additional information about the Idaho Falls<br />

Symphony, please visit www.ifsymphony.org.<br />

Q u a l i t y o f L i f e ✦ 1 0 5

1 0 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ’ s r e t a i l a n d<br />

c o m m e r c i a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o f f e r<br />

a n i m p r e s s i v e v a r i e t y o f c h o i c e s<br />



InteGrow Malt TM LLC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0 8<br />

Carpet One Floor & Home<br />

Westergard Moving and Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 2<br />

Candlewood Suites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 4<br />

Chesbro Music Company . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 6<br />

The Cellar Restaurant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 8<br />

Grow Idaho Falls, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 9<br />

East Idaho Credit Union . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 0<br />

Bill’s Bike Shop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 1<br />

North Hi-Way Café . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 2<br />

The Bank of Commerce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 3<br />

Nelson Hall Parry Tucker, P.A. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 4<br />

Tobin Cleaning & Restoration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 5<br />

Cornerstone Financial Advisors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 6<br />

The Legacy Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 7<br />

C-A-L Farm & Ranch Stores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 8<br />

The Greater Idaho Falls Chamber of Commerce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 9<br />

Merrill-Lynch Idaho Falls Branch Office . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3 0<br />

North American Brewer’s Association . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3 1<br />

Cox, Ohman & Brandstetter, Chartered . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3 2<br />

Control System<br />

Technology, Inc.<br />

The Smith Group<br />

T h e M a r k e t p l a c e ✦ 1 0 7


LLC<br />

✧<br />

Above: InteGrow Malt TM LLC<br />

management team, left to right:<br />

Pat Hovis, controller; Alfredo Avila,<br />

general manager; John Zietz, barley<br />

supply chain manager; Gregg Smith,<br />

plant engineer; Martin Perez, senior<br />

maltster and Mike Patten,<br />

HR/ES&H manager.<br />

Below: InteGrow Malt TM LLC’s plant<br />

sits on twenty-six acres and includes a<br />

host of metal and concrete silos,<br />

a cleaning and classification tower,<br />

a malting house, a power house and a<br />

support building, which hosts a state<br />

of the art laboratory.<br />

Grupo Modelo, S.A. de C.V., a leader in the<br />

production and marketing of beer in Mexico<br />

and throughout the world, and Cargill, a worldwide<br />

agricultural company, are successful<br />

companies in their own rights. But, just like<br />

the right recipe leads to a good brew of beer,<br />

unifying the knowledge and expertise of each<br />

of these companies in a joint venture is proving<br />

to be a true recipe for success.<br />

Though InteGrow Malt TM LLC has only been<br />

in existence since April of 2010 when the two<br />

companies joined forces to blend and capitalize<br />

on their individual and unique abilities in grain<br />

marketing, malting and brewing, InteGrow is<br />

actually the new, improved version of Grupo<br />

Modelo’s GModelo Agriculture, Inc., which<br />

formed in Idaho almost a decade earlier.<br />

Grupo Modelo—Mexico’s leading brewer<br />

and the distributor of thirteen beer brands, six<br />

of which are export brands and including<br />

Corona Extra, the world’s number one sold<br />

Mexican beer currently available in more than<br />

180 countries around the world—obviously<br />

understands what makes good beer. It understands<br />

that the whole process hinges on good<br />

malt and good malt starts with good barley,<br />

different varieties creating different tastes, colors,<br />

aromas as well as mellowness and head retention<br />

of the resulting beer. Among the barley varieties<br />

are two-row and six-row variations, rows<br />

referring to the number of seeds on the barley<br />

stalk, which impacts the starch-to-husk ratio as<br />

well as the desired malty flavor. Two-row barley<br />

has become an indispensable staple for Modelo<br />

1 0 8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

ews, and it is the primary reason the brewer<br />

ventured to Idaho Falls from its home country<br />

where only six-row barley is produced.<br />

The second largest barley producer in the<br />

United States, the largest malting barley<br />

producer in the western part of the country<br />

and, even more importantly, a place where that<br />

barley comes in a wide selection of two-row<br />

malting varieties, Idaho Falls was exactly what<br />

Grupo Modelo was looking for. However, a<br />

plentiful two-row barley supply was only part<br />

of the equation as the corporation also desired<br />

to have better control over the quality of both<br />

the purchase and processing of barley used in<br />

its beer. Additionally, as malt prices are heavily<br />

influenced by underlying costs of barley and<br />

transportation, building a malting plant close to<br />

a barley production area was also important.<br />

Idaho Falls and <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> offered the<br />

ideal location not only because of its proximity<br />

to production areas, but also because the state<br />

is home to the only federally-supported barley<br />

breeding program in the United States and the<br />

area is home to a strong labor force and existing<br />

infrastructure which offered unrivaled support<br />

for a malting plant.<br />

“Though Canada and North Dakota were<br />

being considered for our operation, Grupo<br />

Modelo was captivated by Idaho’s advantages,”<br />

said InteGrow Malt General Manager Alfredo<br />

Avila of Idaho Falls.<br />

Designed in Spain in 2002, construction<br />

started on the InteGrow plant in the spring of<br />

2003 and it received its first shipment of barley<br />

in September 2004. Its three production lines<br />

fired up in consecutive fashion, one each in July,<br />

August and October of 2005 and it shipped its<br />

first batch of malt in August of 2005. In 2009,<br />

Grupo Modelo decided to further strengthen its<br />

position in terms of barley supply by taking on<br />

a partner with expertise in the grain markets.<br />

Cargill—an international producer and marketer<br />

of food, agricultural, financial and industrial<br />

products and services with a presence in 65<br />

countries—became that partner and now owns<br />

49 percent of InteGrow Malt. Grupo Modelo<br />

maintains ownership of the other 51 percent.<br />

The name InteGrow Malt was created to<br />

convey the concepts of integrity and an interrelationship<br />

of collaboration with employees,<br />

growers and the Idaho Falls community. On the<br />

business operations side, the word “InteGrow”<br />

represents growth and integration. Physically,<br />

the plant sits on approximately twenty-six acres<br />

and includes a host of metal and concrete silos<br />

as well as several interstitials or combination<br />

silos, all combined with a storage capacity of<br />

114,700 tons of barley and 10,535 tons of malt.<br />

The plant’s 3 production lines each contain<br />

2 steeping tanks, 4 germinators and 2 kilns.<br />

✧<br />

Above: GModelo Agriculture, LLC,<br />

was incorporated as an Idaho<br />

Company on October 18, 2001.<br />

Roger Christensen, <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong><br />

Commissioner District 1, Idaho<br />

Governor Dick Kempthorne,<br />

City Mayor Linda Milam and Grupo<br />

Modelo’s CEO, Carlos Fernandez<br />

presided over the Ground Breaking<br />

Ceremony which was held on<br />

April 7, 2003.<br />

Left: There are twenty concrete silos,<br />

each capable of holding 6,504,000<br />

pounds of barley. They rise 150 feet<br />

above the ground.<br />

T h e M a r k e t p l a c e ✦ 1 0 9

✧<br />

Above: Both germination and kilning<br />

vessels are quite unique. The bottom<br />

of the vessels rotates according to<br />

a specific program to allow even<br />

germination and toasting of<br />

every grain.<br />

Below: Inside a germination vessel.<br />

The spiral helixes allow the grain at<br />

the bottom to come to the top and<br />

breathe. The vessel is filled and<br />

emptied using a fixed central auger.<br />

The company has four superheated, natural gas<br />

fed water boilers to heat-up the air used in<br />

processes. The main purpose of malting is to<br />

transform the food reserves of raw barley into a<br />

substrate capable of dissolution and extraction<br />

by hot water during a mashing stage, which<br />

leads to the production of wort, an aqueous<br />

solution of fermentable carbohydrates or sugar<br />

and soluble protein. Wort then becomes beer<br />

after yeast converts the sugar into alcohol and<br />

carbon dioxide.<br />

The malting process itself includes several<br />

steps, all of which are performed at the<br />

InteGrow plant. The first and most critical step<br />

is steeping, which cleans the grain’s surface<br />

and increases the barley moisture content.<br />

Germination follows and is an extension of<br />

what was started during steeping—only accelerated.<br />

Embryo germination is obtained within<br />

the germination vessel, which controls humidity,<br />

air and temperature and causes enzymes to<br />

break down the cell walls of the endosperm<br />

and transforms the barley into green malt. The<br />

third step is kilning, a process by which heated<br />

air passes through the grain’s bed stopping<br />

germination, retaining active enzymes and producing<br />

a stable product, which can be stored<br />

and transported. Before malt is transported to<br />

the customer, a final process called “polishing”<br />

takes place, freeing the malt from any attached<br />

dirt particles or split-open husk fragments.<br />

Among the board members who incorporated<br />

the original GModelo Company were then<br />

GModelo Chairman of the Board Antonino<br />

Fernandez and Grupo Modelo CEO Carlos<br />

Fernandez. The company’s general manager<br />

from the time of incorporation in 2001 until the<br />

joint venture with Cargill in 2010 was Luis<br />

Miguel Alvarez, an industrial engineer and longtime<br />

employee of Grupo Modelo. The construction<br />

manager was Jose Serrano, an electronics<br />

engineer who had worked in the operations<br />

division of Grupo Modelo’s home office for<br />

sixteen years, and the administrative manager<br />

was Alfredo Avila, an industrial engineer who<br />

not only launched Grupo Modelo’s Mexico<br />

retail convenience store chain, Extra, but<br />

who also became an integral part of<br />

GModelo Agriculture’s operations from<br />

start-up. Avila became general manager<br />

when GModelo Agriculture became<br />

InteGrow Malt and still serves in that<br />

capacity. The all-important role of barleypurchaser<br />

is now handled by John Zietz,<br />

a three decade plus employee of Cargill.<br />

Also on the current management team<br />

is Controller Pat Hovis and Plant Manager<br />

Gregg Smith, both of who joined the<br />

company in 2004 each with thirty plus<br />

years of experience. Martin Perez, Grupo<br />

Modelo’s most experienced maltster, now<br />

serves as InteGrow’s senior maltster.<br />

Mike Patten, the company’s first human<br />

resource manager who came on board in<br />

1 1 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

2010, has been instrumental in helping<br />

the new company develop its own distinct<br />

culture apart from both parent companies<br />

while still upholding the values of both.<br />

Today, InteGrow Malt has become a<br />

major part of the Idaho Falls business<br />

landscape. It is responsible for the<br />

creation of nearly fifty full-time jobs as<br />

well as additional seasonal jobs. It has<br />

contributed more than $15 million in<br />

taxes in less than a decade of operation<br />

and has paid an estimated $8.1 million to<br />

the City of Idaho Falls for utilities. Since<br />

2004 when production started, more than<br />

250 Idaho farmers have done business<br />

with the company and approximately 200<br />

continue to sell barley to the company on<br />

an annual basis. Total barley purchased in<br />

Idaho to date is valued at $170,575,000 with<br />

an additional $38,000,000 bought from large<br />

barley companies outside of Idaho. The plant<br />

produces enough malt to fill approximately<br />

4.6 million cans or bottles of beer daily.<br />

In addition, InteGrow makes a concerted<br />

effort to utilize local businesses and has<br />

ongoing relationships with hotels, travel<br />

agencies and local retail stores and industrial<br />

supply companies at which they have purchasing<br />

accounts, not to mention restaurants<br />

and local service providers. The company’s<br />

customer base is mostly comprised of Grupo<br />

Modelo’s Breweries in Mexico.<br />

Beyond the business aspect, InteGrow Malt<br />

is also invested in the Idaho Falls community,<br />

collaborating with local charities for projects<br />

such as providing holiday dinners and gifts<br />

to families in need. The company and its<br />

employees also take part in a host of other<br />

community events and charitable causes and<br />

are, of course, huge supporters of events such<br />

as the Idaho Falls BeerFest—the single largest<br />

one day beer festival in the United States.<br />

Participation in this event is aimed at further<br />

developing the industry and helping to develop<br />

markets for the local grain producers.<br />

For more information on InteGrow Malt TM LLC,<br />

please visit www.integrowmalt.com.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Malting is the controlled<br />

germination of a cereal grain to<br />

produce enzymes and to cause defined<br />

changes in its chemical constituents.<br />

At a certain point germination is<br />

arrested through the kilning process,<br />

in which dry air—in increasing<br />

temperature ranges —is circulated<br />

through the green malt.<br />

Below: Since 2004 when production<br />

started, more than 250 Idaho farmers<br />

have done business with the company.<br />

InteGrow Malt TM LLC is proud to<br />

export Idaho barley to the world,<br />

through Modelo’s fine beers.<br />

T h e M a r k e t p l a c e ✦ 1 1 1


FLOOR &<br />

HOME<br />

Like his grandfather who founded Westergard<br />

Mayflower Moving and Storage, Steve Westergard<br />

and his wife, Judy, have built their successful<br />

business—Carpet One Floor & Home in Idaho<br />

Falls—essentially from scratch.<br />

“In the beginning, in 1983, we had just a<br />

small storage building to store our carpet and<br />

our only advertising was a small ad in the classified<br />

section,” Steve said recently, recounting<br />

the first couple of years after a friend convinced<br />

them to buy into a Mr. Carpet franchise. “We<br />

had an old green station wagon packed with<br />

carpet samples and we traveled from Ashton to<br />

Pocatello and everyplace in between.”<br />

By 1985, however, the Westergards had<br />

opened a 3,500 square foot headquarters facility<br />

and, within just two more years, had moved<br />

again into an even larger facility. Though almost<br />

double in size from the first, they outgrew that<br />

facility as well and in 1992 purchased a former<br />

IGA grocery store, which family and friends<br />

spent three months helping<br />

convert into a sustainable floor<br />

covering store.<br />

Shortly after the husband<br />

and wife team incorporated the<br />

company and in 1995 joined<br />

Carpet One, the largest co-op of<br />

retail flooring in the nation.<br />

In 2007 they added a new<br />

retail area and additional warehouse<br />

space making the total<br />

facility a whopping 13,000<br />

square feet. It is here at 405<br />

West Seventeenth Street that the<br />

company remains today.<br />

Again just like his grandfather’s<br />

business, the Westergards’<br />

business has become a true<br />

family business with sons and<br />

daughters, nieces and nephews<br />

joining in along the way, several<br />

of whom are still on the team.<br />

The Westergards do not hesitate<br />

to give credit where credit is due.<br />

“We are very appreciative and proud of our<br />

employees, our children, our extended family<br />

and our installers,” Steve said. “We are also very<br />

proud to be a member of the Carpet One Floor<br />

& Home family as it provides us with national<br />

buying power, allowing us to pass along great<br />

savings on the best assortment of name brands<br />

in carpet, vinyl, ceramic tile, hardwood and<br />

laminate flooring.”<br />

For more information, call 208-529-1951 or<br />

visit online at www.carpetoneidahofalls.com.<br />

1 1 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


MOVING<br />


Although the company closed in 2000,<br />

Westergard Moving and Storage was not only<br />

an important fixture in Idaho Falls for almost a<br />

century, it was also the bedrock on which three<br />

generations of Westergards made their living.<br />

It was a business that became a family legacy.<br />

Founded by James Christian “J. C.” Westergard,<br />

Idaho Falls Transfer and Storage opened its<br />

doors on March 12, 1912, with one team of<br />

horses, a single wagon and a small twelve by<br />

twelve foot tin building. In the beginning,<br />

Westergard had a trio of business partners,<br />

but eventually bought them out, growing the<br />

company and breaking new ground as he<br />

went. In fact, in 1916, it was Westergard who<br />

purchased Idaho Falls’ first semi-truck and<br />

trailer and soon after had an entire fleet of<br />

semis as well as pickups and flatbeds.<br />

He changed the business name to Westergard<br />

Transfer and Storage in 1926, about the same<br />

time his son—James Christian Westergard, Jr.,<br />

or Jay—started helping out part-time while still<br />

in high school. Jay later became full time and<br />

soon welcomed his brother—David Lloyd or<br />

D. L.—and sister, Ruth, into what was now a<br />

full-fledged family business.<br />

In 1947 the Westergards became agents for<br />

nationwide moving company Aero-Mayflower<br />

and began moving people to and from all parts<br />

of the United States. In 1955, D. L.’s son, Jim,<br />

became the third generation to join the business,<br />

by now known simply as Westergard<br />

Mayflower. Like his father and uncle, he also<br />

worked part time while in high school and later<br />

became full time. Jay’s son, Steve, also joined<br />

in, working part-time while in high school and<br />

college, becoming full time in 1972 upon his<br />

graduation from Boise State. In March 1983,<br />

however, Steve and his wife, Judy, branched<br />

out to start a new business—Carpet One Floor<br />

& Home in Idaho Falls—which remains in<br />

business today.<br />

The senior Westergard passed away in 1968<br />

at the age of eighty-seven, followed by Jay<br />

Westergard in 1979 and, finally, D. L. in 1998,<br />

the same year that Westergard Mayflower<br />

celebrated its eighty-fifth year in business.<br />

Though the company was closed in 2000, its<br />

legacy lives on in the hearts of the Westergard<br />

family and the many clients they served in their<br />

eight-plus decades in business.<br />

T h e M a r k e t p l a c e ✦ 1 1 3


SUITES<br />

✧<br />

Opposite, top: Our awards are many:<br />

the 2009 Newcomer Award, the 2009<br />

Intercontinental Hotels Group Priority<br />

Club Excellence Award, the 2010<br />

Intercontinental Hotels Group<br />

Torchbearer Award, the 2010 Best of<br />

the Best Lead Housekeeper of the<br />

Year, Janet Earnest, the 2011<br />

Intercontinental Hotels Torchbearer<br />

Award, the 2011 Best of the Best<br />

Maintenance Engineer of the Year,<br />

Brent Kirkham and the 2011 Best of<br />

the Best General Manager of the Year,<br />

Laura Ballard. We have also won<br />

awards for our fundraising for<br />

Give Kids the World and Habitat<br />

for Humanity.<br />

On the outside, Candlewood Suites in Idaho<br />

Falls, Idaho is a beautiful riverfront property,<br />

which casts a striking reflection upon the<br />

tranquil flowing waters of the Snake River.<br />

On the inside, it exudes a relaxing, casual<br />

atmosphere reflective of home.<br />

“The Candlewood Suites’ trademark slogan,<br />

‘Consider Us Home,’ is more than just advertising<br />

jargon, it is who we are,” said General<br />

Manager Laura Ballard. “Everything we do is<br />

about helping our guests feel at home while<br />

they are on the road.”<br />

Owned and operated by Marotel, LLC—a<br />

local company that also owns and operates<br />

the Holiday Inn Express and the Hampton Inn<br />

on Channing Way in Idaho Falls—Candlewood<br />

Suites is an award-winning, pet-friendly<br />

extended stay hotel located at 665 Pancheri<br />

Drive, next to the Scenic Snake River. It<br />

is ideally located just minutes from an<br />

array of local attractions and businesses<br />

including the Snake River Greenbelt,<br />

the Falls and a variety of local parks<br />

great for exploring nature as well as<br />

the Museum of Idaho, the Idaho Falls<br />

LDS Temple Visitor’s Center and the<br />

Tautphaus Park Zoo, just to name a few.<br />

For those who love to shop and dine<br />

out, downtown local shopping and the<br />

Grand Teton Mall as well as a smorgasbord<br />

of unique and exceptional restaurants<br />

are just a short drive away. Major<br />

businesses nearby include Nature’s<br />

Path, Mountain View Hospital, Eastern<br />

Idaho Regional Medical Center, Idaho<br />

Falls Surgical Center and many more.<br />

1 1 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

The hotel itself has four floors with eightyone<br />

spacious suites, all of which feature full<br />

private kitchens with refrigerators, microwaves,<br />

stove tops and dishwashers and are fully<br />

stocked with cookware and dishes. Additionally,<br />

each guest suite has a thirty-two inch LCD television<br />

with DVD player, a recliner, an executive<br />

work desk and free high-speed Internet access.<br />

Select suites also feature river-view balconies.<br />

Business services available to guests include<br />

copying, courier services, facsimile, high-speed<br />

and wireless Internet access in public spaces<br />

and access to a computer and printer at the<br />

front desk. The hotel also offers complimentary<br />

onsite laundry facilities and The Candlewood<br />

Cupboard, located in the hotel’s lobby, offers a<br />

variety of food and sundry items for purchase.<br />

Weekly housekeeping services, dry cleaning<br />

and laundry pick-up services are also available.<br />

Onsite parking is complimentary for guests.<br />

To stay in shape while on the road, guests<br />

have full access to an onsite, twenty-four hour<br />

fitness center equipped with high quality Star<br />

Trac equipment to include two treadmills, a<br />

bicycle and an elliptical machine as well as an<br />

Instinct weight system with bench, two exercise<br />

balls, mats and scales. For those who enjoy<br />

outdoor grilling, the hotel has a river view BBQ<br />

Pavilion with two grills and tables<br />

and chairs; and for those looking<br />

forward to a little downtime with<br />

music, a movie or a book, the hotel<br />

has a well-stocked Lending Library<br />

featuring a vast array of DVDs,<br />

books and CDs which can be<br />

checked out free of charge.<br />

The hotel’s dedication to service<br />

excellence is rewarded by the return<br />

visits of many of its guests as well as<br />

a trophy case brimming with awards<br />

and special recognition, including<br />

the 2009 Newcomer Award, the<br />

2009 Intercontinental Hotels Group<br />

Priority Club Excellence Award and<br />

the Intercontinental Hotels Group<br />

Torchbearer Award for both 2010<br />

and 2011. The Best of the Best<br />

Lead Housekeeper of the Year<br />

Award was earned by associate<br />

Janet Earnest in 2010, while Brent<br />

Kirkham was named 2011 Best of<br />

the Best Maintenance Engineer of the Year and<br />

Laura Ballard, 2011 Best of the Best General<br />

Manager of the Year. The hotel and its staff have<br />

also won several awards for fundraising efforts<br />

for such charities as Give Kids the World and<br />

Habitat for Humanity.<br />

For more information or to book a reservation<br />

at Candlewood Suites in Idaho Falls, call<br />

208-525-9800 or 1-800-496-7630 or visit<br />

online at www.candlewoodsuites.com.<br />

T h e M a r k e t p l a c e ✦ 1 1 5



✧<br />

Top: Horace Chesbro (left), at the<br />

Broadway location in 1927.<br />

Above: Henry Chesbro, second<br />

generation owner, 1924.<br />

With the motto “Service and Quality Since<br />

1911,” Chesbro Music Company has grown to<br />

become a staple to musicians in Southeast<br />

Idaho, while also serving as one of the largest<br />

distributors of sheet music, instruments, and<br />

accessories to over 1,500 dealers throughout the<br />

United States and some foreign countries.<br />

Chesbro even has agreements with foreign<br />

suppliers to produce their own trademarked<br />

acoustic and electric guitars, drums, accessories,<br />

and music-themed gift items.<br />

While Chesbro Music was officially founded<br />

in Idaho in 1911, the company actually started<br />

earlier in Seattle, Washington. The founder,<br />

Horace Chesbro, was the son of a traveling<br />

spiritualist minister and quit school at age<br />

twelve to work as an apprentice in a Seattle<br />

music store. Because of his musical abilities,<br />

his employer sent him to complete a two year<br />

program at Valparaiso Conservatory of Music.<br />

Chesbro later returned to Seattle to take<br />

over his employer’s music business. Though<br />

the business did not succeed, Chesbro did<br />

not give up. He paid his creditors and moved<br />

to St. Anthony, Idaho, in 1911 where he had<br />

heard farmers were doing well financially.<br />

There he set up shop again before finally<br />

moving to the growing Idaho Falls area in<br />

1915. In 1924 he moved one more time to<br />

327 Broadway in Idaho Falls where the business<br />

remains today.<br />

Indeed, it was Chesbro’s financial accountability<br />

and his negotiation ability with vendors<br />

that helped him grow the business and<br />

survive the lean years. He sold and serviced<br />

pianos door-to-door and established the first<br />

school band programs in eastern Idaho creating<br />

a demand for music. He funded the school<br />

programs by hiring band teachers and renting<br />

instruments to the students. His wife, Ella,<br />

worked alongside him in the business.<br />

During the Depression, Chesbro expanded<br />

from retail store to distributor. He consigned<br />

music products to drug and variety stores, with<br />

the music racks named “Chesbro’s Little Music<br />

Store.” The consignment program is still a<br />

part of Chesbro’s business today. He also hired<br />

traveling salesmen to sell wholesale products<br />

to music stores in Utah, Idaho, Montana,<br />

and Wyoming. The territory eventually expanded<br />

to fifteen western states including Alaska<br />

and Hawaii.<br />

In 1940, Horace and Ella retired and their<br />

son, Henry, took over the business. Horace<br />

passed away in 1951 and—two years later—<br />

tragedy struck as Henry, his wife Mary Jane,<br />

and their son Paul were all killed when their<br />

corporate airplane crashed. This left their<br />

daughter Joan and Grandma Ella as the only<br />

surviving members of the Chesbro family. Joan<br />

had just graduated from Stanford University<br />

and both she and her grandmother returned to<br />

run the business.<br />

As a woman, Joan was a pioneer in the<br />

business world where credit was not generally<br />

given to women. She, however, was given six<br />

months by the creditors and bank to see if she<br />

could run the business. She succeeded.<br />

1 1 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

One of Chesbro Music’s key expansion<br />

opportunities came in the 1970s when Chesbro<br />

became a distributor for a Japanese music<br />

company. This gave the company opportunity<br />

to expand and grow throughout the west. Joan<br />

passed away in 1999 leaving the business to<br />

her three children—Scott Chesbro Griggs,<br />

Tana Jane Stahn, and Vanetta Chesbro Wilson,<br />

the latter two of which actively run the<br />

business today as the CFO and<br />

CEO, respectively.<br />

Today, Chesbro operates a<br />

wholesale division and two<br />

retail stores in Idaho Falls and<br />

Rexburg. The company is fully<br />

automated in order to serve<br />

more customers. All orders,<br />

including Internet orders, are<br />

shipped the same day received.<br />

The successful formula for<br />

Chesbro Music Company has<br />

been to implement sound<br />

financial management, hire<br />

great employees, give back to<br />

the community, and to look for<br />

new opportunities. Chesbro<br />

supports music organizations,<br />

events, and schools. The owners<br />

and managers have been<br />

active in civic groups including<br />

Soroptimist, Zonta, Civitan,<br />

Kiwanis, Rotary, and church organizations.<br />

When Rotary International expanded the<br />

opportunity for women to become Rotarians,<br />

Joan became the first woman Rotarian in Idaho.<br />

The company has remained in the Chesbro<br />

family, with each generation growing up in<br />

the business at the side of their parents and<br />

keeping to the core values established by<br />

Horace and Ella more than a century ago.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Exterior of the current<br />

building at 327 Broadway.<br />

Below: Interior of the retail<br />

store, 1961.<br />

T h e M a r k e t p l a c e ✦ 1 1 7

THE<br />

CELLAR<br />


The Cellar, a casual fine dining restaurant<br />

located in Ammon, Idaho, is a three-generation<br />

dream come true.<br />

It started out as his father’s dream. Then<br />

one night, over a nice dinner at a quaint little<br />

French restaurant—a treat from his parents<br />

in celebration of his college graduation—it<br />

became Scott Hinschberger’s dream, too. Still,<br />

it was not until almost three decades later when<br />

his own son discovered a passion for cooking<br />

that the dream finally sprouted wings.<br />

“Even though we all envisioned a place where<br />

exceptional people could enjoy exceptional<br />

food, it wasn’t until our son Bryan started<br />

creating amazing recipes that things really<br />

began to fall in place,” said Scott, who with his<br />

wife Michele, opened The Cellar in 2004.<br />

With a mantra of “Taste Life, It’s Delicious,”<br />

The Cellar is located in a historical house<br />

that has adorned the southeast corner of<br />

Seventeenth Street and Ammon since the early<br />

1900s when the area was known as Casey’s<br />

Corner. Careful to maintain the century-old<br />

house’s historical flavor, the Hinschbergers<br />

named the restaurant’s lounge “Casey’s Bar.”<br />

Another of the rooms in the restaurant is<br />

still called “The Captain’s Quarters” as it was<br />

dubbed by Fred Karford who owned and added<br />

on to the property in the 1960s.<br />

It was not long after Hinschberger and his<br />

partners purchased the property that the idea to<br />

convert the house into a restaurant took root.<br />

Hundreds of hours were spent formulating a<br />

business plan and securing financing. Then a<br />

host of local contractors and individuals helped<br />

transform the old house into a unique restaurant<br />

with a variety of dining rooms, a full bar<br />

and an enclosed patio with breathtaking<br />

views of the ancient pines which garnish<br />

the homestead. The restaurant seats more than<br />

100 for in-house dining and also provides both<br />

on-site and off-site banquet and catering services<br />

for weddings, receptions, parties and other<br />

life celebrations. The Cellar’s executive chef uses<br />

fresh, local or regional ingredients whenever<br />

possible to create menu items, sauces, and<br />

nightly specials that amuse the palate, and customers<br />

are often treated to live music while they<br />

share a meal and celebrate each other’s lives.<br />

For more information on The Cellar, visit<br />

www.thecellar.biz.<br />

1 1 8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

Since World War II, Idaho Falls has had a<br />

long history in the development of nuclear<br />

energy, and defense. After the Cold War ended,<br />

the community faced a challenge as peaceful<br />

times led to the decommissioning of defenserelated<br />

activities and considerable downsizing<br />

of the business at its very heart—Idaho<br />

National Engineering Laboratory (INEL).<br />

In 1992, a group of approximately sixty citizens<br />

and leaders of Eastern Idaho and Idaho<br />

Falls began working to form a partnership<br />

among local businesses, governments, and<br />

concerned individuals. Their mission was to<br />

first coordinate and focus existing resources<br />

and, second, to add new elements to diversify<br />

Eastern Idaho’s economy. The end result was the<br />

regional Eastern Idaho Economic Development<br />

Council, Inc., the precursor of what is today<br />

Grow Idaho Falls, Inc.<br />

Today, INEEL has evolved into the Idaho<br />

National Laboratory, the Lead Nuclear Lab for<br />

the U.S. Department of Energy, and is engaged<br />

in new and expanded missions for energy,<br />

research, and development. Grow Idaho Falls,<br />

Inc. has become a nonprofit, public-private economic<br />

development agency, incorporated in<br />

2000, which retains and expands existing companies,<br />

attracts new industries, and advocates<br />

for a friendly business climate in Idaho Falls,<br />

Ammon, <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>,<br />

and Idaho. Investors, partners<br />

and members of the board of<br />

directors are among the<br />

“Who’s Who” of area businesses<br />

and governmental agencies.<br />

GIFI deserves a great deal of<br />

credit for the area’s continued<br />

industry diversification, an<br />

increase in population (twentysix<br />

percent, 2010 census),<br />

increased prosperity, and promotion<br />

of cultural, educational,<br />

and recreational opportunities.<br />

The community is recognized in national<br />

and international rankings. For example,<br />

The Boomtown “10 Real Estate Markets Poised<br />

for Rapid Growth–2010 to 2020”, the “Top 10<br />

Micro-Cities of the Future” (2011-12, fDI<br />

Magazine), one of the “Best Places to Raise<br />

Your Kids” (BusinessWeek.com, 2010), “Top<br />

100 Best Small Places for Business & Careers”<br />

(Forbes.com, 2010), and the “Top 100 Cities<br />

for 2010” (Money.CNN.com).<br />

For more information, please visit online at<br />

www.growidahofall.org or call toll-free at<br />

1-800-900-2014.<br />

GROW<br />


INC.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Linda Martin, CEO Grow<br />

Idaho Falls.<br />

Left: Left to right, Roger Christensen,<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>; Bob Poyser, vice<br />

president; Sam Shakir, president,<br />

Areva Enrichment Services LLC;<br />

Amy Lientz, GIFI president; and<br />

Mayor Jared Fuhriman.<br />

Bottom, left: 1950 Post Register.<br />

Bottom, right: Now Idaho Falls<br />

Downtown Development Corporation.<br />

T h e M a r k e t p l a c e ✦ 1 1 9



In 1935, in the midst of the Great Depression,<br />

two dozen members collectively deposited<br />

$52.75 into the newly-formed Idaho Falls U.S.<br />

Government Employees Federal Credit Union, a<br />

financial seed that would eventually blossom<br />

into a very successful member-owned cooperative<br />

with more than 30,000 members and assets<br />

in excess of a quarter of a billion dollars.<br />

East Idaho Credit Union, as it is now known,<br />

is a full-service financial institution which operates<br />

under both a community charter and an<br />

expanded charter based on occupation. It provides<br />

local services to small and underserved<br />

communities in Eastern Idaho with ten branch<br />

locations—three in Idaho Falls and one each<br />

in Salmon, Arco, St. Anthony, Rexburg, Dubois,<br />

Shelley and Challis. It is one of the oldest<br />

credit unions in the state.<br />

“Not only are we the oldest in the Idaho Falls<br />

area, we are also one of only a few that remain<br />

from sixteen that were organized in 1935,” said<br />

President and CEO LaMont Hanson. “I fully<br />

believe that a big part of our sustainability<br />

is that we are a member owned cooperative.<br />

We support the motto of ‘members helping<br />

members’; with everything that we do being<br />

guided by the credit union philosophy of<br />

‘not for profit, not for charity, but for service’.”<br />

Providing the top notch service for which<br />

the credit union is known is a dedicated staff<br />

of more than 100—many whom have served the<br />

cooperative for more than twenty years. “This<br />

stability and longevity is often cited as one of<br />

the cooperative’s key strengths,” says Hanson,<br />

who himself has been with the institution since<br />

1978. Hanson joins two other past managers<br />

whose leadership stint stretched<br />

past two decades—Reed Olsen<br />

who served from 1938 to 1962<br />

and Arlene Walker who served<br />

1962 until 1987.<br />

Members of East Idaho Credit<br />

Union are employees or family<br />

members of employees, of an<br />

array of occupational categories<br />

and/or who reside or work within<br />

twenty-five miles of the city<br />

of Shelley or in the counties<br />

of <strong>Bonneville</strong>, Bingham, Butte,<br />

Custer, Lemhi, Clark, Fremont,<br />

Madison, Teton, and Jefferson.<br />

For more information on<br />

East Idaho Credit Union, visit<br />

www.eastidahocu.org.<br />

1 2 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

BILL’S<br />


For sixty-five years, cycle enthusiasts<br />

throughout the southeast Idaho region and into<br />

Wyoming have relied on Bill’s Bike Shop for<br />

excellent service, quality products and bicycle<br />

expertise. A fixture in Idaho Falls since 1947,<br />

Bill’s Bike Shop started when local residents<br />

Bill and Alice Murdock began selling bicycles<br />

and motorcycles on West Broadway. Bill and<br />

Alice’s son, Stan Murdock, moved Bill’s Bike<br />

Shop to its Holmes Avenue location where<br />

it has been for twenty-five years. Gary Wight<br />

purchased the business in 2010 and in 2012<br />

announced Snake River Landing as the new<br />

home of Bill’s Bike Shop on Pier View Drive<br />

with an anticipated opening date in early 2013.<br />

General Manager Brandon Fell and Service<br />

Manager Troy Scott assist Wight in heading up<br />

the state-of-the-art, spacious location of over<br />

10,000 square feet. Bill’s Bike Shop is well known<br />

among cycling enthusiasts as the only location<br />

in the area to shop for the<br />

four major cycling brands in<br />

one location: Trek, Raleigh,<br />

Specialized and Giant. During<br />

peak season, Bill’s Bike Shop<br />

services over 600 bicycles per<br />

month with a guaranteed seventy-two<br />

hour turnaround.<br />

In addition to sales, service<br />

and rentals, Bill’s Bike<br />

Shop is actively involved in<br />

giving back to its patrons<br />

and the community. For the<br />

last nine years, they have<br />

been able to give away several<br />

hundred restored bikes<br />

to underprivileged youth with help from Shop with<br />

Cops, the Salvation Army, St. Vincent’s de Paul<br />

and Christmas for Families. Bill’s is also a major<br />

sponsor for the Heart of Idaho Century Ride,<br />

which happens in August each year at Snake<br />

River Landing and the Criterium Series that runs<br />

throughout the summer season.<br />

“Bill’s Bike Shop enjoys being involved in<br />

the community and being at Snake River<br />

Landing helps allow for that. The planners of<br />

Snake River Landing had the foresight to lay<br />

the infrastructure for a bicycle, pedestrian and<br />

family-friendly community within Idaho Falls,”<br />

says Wight.<br />

Bill’s Bike Shop features a world-class mix of<br />

brands and a variety of products but also will<br />

offer virtual spin classes, large seminar and<br />

classroom space, a large service area and convenient<br />

rental center. For more information,<br />

visit www.billsbike.com.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Owner of Bill’s Bike Shop,<br />

Gary Wight and his employees in<br />

June 2012.<br />

Below: A rendering of Bill’s Bike<br />

Shop’s new location on Pier View<br />

Drive in Snake River Landing.<br />

T h e M a r k e t p l a c e ✦ 1 2 1

NORTH<br />


Owner Roxanne Smith loves that the North<br />

Hi-Way Café is a beloved local landmark and<br />

particularly enjoys hearing the accounts of<br />

the many generations that have frequented the<br />

café even before she and her husband, Wes,<br />

bought it in 2002. She is especially enthralled<br />

by the story of how the place got its start as an<br />

automotive shop.<br />

Back then known as a “flivver” shop, shop<br />

owner Aaron Jones set up tables inside the<br />

garage so that customers could have a bite to<br />

eat while waiting for their Model A’s to be fixed.<br />

Over time, the garage evolved into a full-time<br />

eatery that spanned the tests of time, wars<br />

and depressions to eventually be proclaimed<br />

Idaho’s oldest continually running café as<br />

officially noted by researchers at the state<br />

capital and celebrated by city proclamation on<br />

June 17, 2009.<br />

According to the Boise researchers, archives<br />

show the café opened on June 17, 1934 and,<br />

though some of the exact timeline is a bit<br />

blurred, there have been three<br />

primary owners including partners<br />

Everett and Edna Morgan<br />

and Loren and Louise Schultz;<br />

Evan and Theo Cropper who<br />

purchased the Schultz’s interest<br />

in 1949 and became sole owners<br />

in 1952; Lavar “Butch” and<br />

Darlene Warren who purchased<br />

it in 1972, running it for three<br />

decades before finally selling to<br />

Roxanne and Wesley Smith.<br />

Today, the café is still a local<br />

gathering place, but its charm<br />

and incredible “everything-fromscratch”<br />

menu also brings in<br />

visitors from near and far,<br />

including many famous people<br />

from former United States<br />

President Ronald Reagan to stars<br />

of the silver screen.<br />

Although the official hours<br />

are 5 a.m. until 10 p.m., baking<br />

starts at 3:30 a.m. with a continual<br />

flow of patrons coming into<br />

the seventy seat diner, breakfast<br />

flowing into lunch and lunch<br />

into dinner. In addition, North<br />

Hi-Way is also well-known for<br />

its outside catering. The Smiths<br />

employ an average of fifty people,<br />

many of whom have been<br />

with the café for several decades.<br />

Many patrons have been coming<br />

in for just as long or longer.<br />

“And that is where our real<br />

treasure lies,” said Smith. For<br />

more information, please visit<br />

www.northhiwaycafe.com on the<br />

Internet or just stop by.<br />

1 2 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

THE BANK<br />


The Bank of Commerce’s motto is “The Bank of<br />

a Lifetime” and is a most fitting description for a<br />

bank that has become a fixture in Idaho Falls<br />

since first opening its doors on September 3, 1959.<br />

“More than a half century ago, a group of<br />

businessmen saw a need for a community bank<br />

that would serve small businesses and the<br />

agricultural industry,” said President and CEO<br />

Thomas Romrell. “They pooled $8 million in<br />

capital to fund their vision and The Bank of<br />

Commerce has been growing ever since.”<br />

In fact today The Bank of Commerce has<br />

grown a hundredfold to $800 million in assets<br />

and has over 200 employees serving more than<br />

47,000 customers. Including the main administrative<br />

branch at 3113 South Twenty-fifth Street<br />

in Idaho Falls, there are fourteen<br />

other branches in the bank’s system—five<br />

in Idaho Falls, two in<br />

neighboring Rexburg and one each in<br />

eight other nearby towns and cities<br />

including American Falls, Blackfoot,<br />

Driggs, Mud Lake, Pocatello, Rigby,<br />

Ririe and Shelley.<br />

Since its inception, the bank has<br />

strived to meet the credit needs of its<br />

community as is reflected in its loan<br />

portfolio with one third of loans being<br />

agricultural-based, one third being<br />

commercial and real estate based and<br />

one third small business and consumer<br />

loans. It is because of this diversity<br />

that the bank is considered to be one<br />

of the safest and soundest banks in<br />

Idaho and the nation, says Romrell.<br />

In addition to credit and lending services,<br />

individuals and businesses can choose from a<br />

full slate of banking options from checking,<br />

savings and certificates of deposit to individual<br />

retirement and health savings accounts and<br />

trust services, just to name a few. Customers<br />

also enjoy the most up-to-date services in the<br />

industry including online banking, bill pay and<br />

even text banking.<br />

“We at the Bank of Commerce are always<br />

proud to offer the best banking services and<br />

competitive rates, but the true credit for our<br />

success lies with our experienced, friendly staff<br />

and many loyal customers,” Romrell said.<br />

For more information on The Bank of<br />

Commerce, visit www.bankofcommerce.org.<br />

T h e M a r k e t p l a c e ✦ 1 2 3



P.A.<br />

✧<br />

Below: Front row, left to right,<br />

Brian Tucker, Doug Nelson,<br />

Blake Hall, and Wiley Dennert.<br />

Back row, left to right,<br />

Weston Davis, Scott Hall, Sam Angell,<br />

Nathan Starnes, and Steve Parry.<br />

Nelson Hall Parry Tucker, P.A. (NHPT), a<br />

professional association of attorneys and counselors<br />

in Idaho Falls, serves the Southern Idaho<br />

area. The firm’s offices are located adjacent to<br />

the Snake River and the water falls that gave<br />

Idaho Falls its name.<br />

NHPT has been an active member of the<br />

community for decades, originating in 1959 as<br />

Anderson Sharp and Bush.<br />

W. Joe Anderson, one of the founding members,<br />

was a dedicated veteran of World War II<br />

who received the Prisoner of War Medal.<br />

Following his military service, Anderson was<br />

involved in the State Bar Association and was a<br />

founding member and president of the Eastern<br />

Idaho Estate Planning Council. He was also<br />

active in a number of civic organizations.<br />

John M. Sharp was a special agent working<br />

in Idaho Falls and a former <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong><br />

Prosecuting Attorney when he joined Anderson<br />

to form a law partnership in 1959. Sharp was<br />

later elected President of the Idaho State Bar<br />

Commission and served in many community<br />

organizations until his passing in 2009.<br />

Eugene L. Bush, also a former prosecutor and<br />

a member of the Idaho legislature, became a<br />

partner shortly thereafter.<br />

Today, NHPT continues its founders’ tradition<br />

of service and excellence. It is one of<br />

the largest law firms in the area with a reservoir<br />

of experience and expertise in representing<br />

both individuals and businesses. Committed to<br />

providing the highest standards of professional<br />

legal services at a fair and reasonable cost, the<br />

firm takes pride in knowing and understanding<br />

its clients’ needs. The firm has continued to<br />

grow and expand as community and business<br />

leaders have recognized the quality of its work.<br />

The firms’ attorneys represent many government<br />

entities, including counties, cities, school<br />

districts, and other taxing authorities. In 1961,<br />

the firm helped charter a regional community<br />

bank and has provided services to many lenders<br />

for more than fifty years.<br />

Community and volunteer service has been a<br />

tradition for members of the firm and numerous<br />

political and charitable organizations have been<br />

led by firm members over the years. Currently,<br />

the firm provides facilities for the Idaho<br />

Community Foundation and assists the foundation<br />

in its mission to enhance the quality of life<br />

throughout Idaho.<br />

1 2 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

TOBIN<br />

CLEANING &<br />


When disaster strikes, residents of eastern<br />

Idaho know they can depend on Tobin Cleaning<br />

& Restoration to restore their homes or businesses<br />

to original condition as quickly as possible.<br />

Tobin Cleaning & Restoration began as a<br />

small, family-operated janitorial and carpet<br />

cleaning firm in 1973. The company was founded<br />

by Harold Tobin, who formerly was in the<br />

dry cleaning business, and his son, Hal, who had<br />

worked for another cleaning service. In the early<br />

days, the entire family, including Hal’s mother<br />

and siblings, helped clean homes and offices.<br />

The company’s very first job was cleaning<br />

some rental property on a Saturday. Within a<br />

week, the new cleaning service had acquired a<br />

dozen customers, including banks, loan offices<br />

and construction firms. The fee in those early<br />

days was ten dollars an hour, which covered<br />

labor and supplies.<br />

A major breakthrough came when the firm<br />

began performing clean-up work for insurance<br />

companies following a fire, flood, wind storm<br />

or other natural disaster. Tobin Cleaning &<br />

Restoration soon became specialists in clean-up<br />

and restoration work and today ninety-five percent<br />

of its work is for insurance companies.<br />

To dry homes and businesses inundated by<br />

flood waters, Tobin has three truck-mounted<br />

extractors to remove the water and sophisticated<br />

drying equipment that can heat an interior to<br />

110 degrees for quick drying. “We disassemble<br />

the property if necessary, then clean and deodorize,”<br />

explains Tobin “Drying the structure is the<br />

key to avoid mold issues.”<br />

If a structure has been damaged, Tobin<br />

Restoration is a licensed residential and commercial<br />

general contractor and works with<br />

experienced plumbing and electrical subcontractors.<br />

Most other work is performed with<br />

Tobin’s highly qualified in-house employees.<br />

“We were the first cleaning company that could<br />

handle everything from shingles to carpet with<br />

one phone call,” comments Tobin.<br />

Tobin Cleaning worked from home offices and<br />

rented storage space in its early years, but built<br />

its current facility at 1535 Sunnyside Road in<br />

Idaho Falls in 1984. The firm currently has fifteen<br />

employees, including<br />

several who have<br />

been with the company<br />

twenty years or<br />

longer. Gary Welker,<br />

an expert on reconstruction,<br />

has been<br />

with the company<br />

thirty-seven years,<br />

and Secretary Julie<br />

Severson has been<br />

with the company<br />

twenty-seven years.<br />

Tobin retired in<br />

2012 and sold the business to Rhett Judy, an<br />

experienced cleaning contractor who had worked<br />

with Tobin for five years.<br />

The firm will continue to provide the same<br />

fine services under the same name. For additional<br />

information on Tobin Cleaning & Restoration,<br />

visit www.tobinrestoration.com.<br />

T h e M a r k e t p l a c e ✦ 1 2 5




✧<br />

Darren Josephson.<br />

The cornerstone is the first stone set in a<br />

masonry foundation—a rock-solid stone that<br />

determines the entire position of a structure<br />

and a most fitting namesake for Cornerstone<br />

Financial Advisors in Idaho Falls, Idaho.<br />

Cornerstone Financial is a full-service financial<br />

consulting firm dedicated to helping clients<br />

build wealth and protect their hard-earned<br />

assets. Cornerstone Financial actually got its legs<br />

in June 1983 when founder Parke Josephson<br />

used his own to hoof it door-to-door selling<br />

Prudential Life policies. As life insurance was<br />

its primary focus, the company was founded<br />

as Josephson Insurance Agency, Inc. and Parke<br />

Josephson sat at its helm until 1992 when he<br />

retired and handed the reins over to his son,<br />

Darren, who had been an agent with the<br />

company since the beginning. Shortly after,<br />

the name of the company was changed<br />

to Cornerstone Financial Advisors to more<br />

adequately reflect the broader spectrum of<br />

services the company began to offer.<br />

Today, Darren remains president and continues<br />

to lead the fully independent company as<br />

it offers not just life insurance, but retirement,<br />

estate and investment planning, tax and risk<br />

management as well as education funding and<br />

employee and executive benefits.<br />

“As financial professionals we strive to help<br />

our clients plan for financial security by<br />

providing them with three key tools—a clear<br />

understanding of their financial goals; a<br />

well-defined roadmap from which to work<br />

toward those goals; and ongoing advice to help<br />

adjust that roadmap when needs change,”<br />

Darren says. “We never want our clients to have<br />

to worry about outliving their incomes.”<br />

Cornerstone currently has two offices, the<br />

headquarters offices in Idaho Falls and a<br />

satellite office in nearby Pocatella. The Pocatella<br />

office formerly conducted business under<br />

the name Idaho Planning. In addition to the<br />

experienced and seasoned agents and personnel<br />

who work out of these offices, the company<br />

also has a strong presence on the internet.<br />

On the company’s website, www.cfaidaho.net,<br />

clients will find valuable information such as<br />

educational articles and advice as well as tools<br />

for evaluating and assessing both current and<br />

future needs.<br />

Securities offered through The O.N. Equity<br />

Sales Company.<br />

Investment Advisory Services offered through<br />

O.N. Investment Management Company.<br />

Member FINRA/SIPC One Financial Way,<br />

Cincinnati, OH 45242 (513) 794-6794.<br />

1 2 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y



The Legacy Network, it might be said,<br />

follows its own lead. Since 1976 the financial<br />

services company has been helping families<br />

build for future generations. Lately, it has been<br />

doing some generational building of its own.<br />

Now, the founder, Rand Robison, has been<br />

joined as partners by his sons, Russell in 1999<br />

and Joel in 2003 and by his daughter, Moria<br />

Westenskow in 2009. On Joel’s to-do list was a<br />

big merger item, the operational integration of<br />

other agencies acquired by the former Robison<br />

Insurance and Financial Services, Inc. Joel has<br />

been entrusted with expansion of the vital internal<br />

sales force, and Moria is commissioned with<br />

growing the exciting health side of the business.<br />

“There are only three things you can do<br />

with your wealth at your death,” says Rand.<br />

“You can give it to your family, to charity or<br />

to the government. At TLN, we have developed<br />

a process that guides our clientele through to<br />

the finish line and helps them keep as much of<br />

their estate in their family as possible.”<br />

Thirty-six years later, and after the addition of<br />

the three partners, The Legacy Network is now<br />

licensed to sell insurance in forty-eight states.<br />

Its four divisions include two wholesale operations—TLN<br />

Brokerage and TLN Direct—and two<br />

retail entities—TLN Service Network and Elite<br />

Advisors Group. The group includes an online<br />

interactive known as LegacyLifeQuote.com,<br />

which has spurred considerable growth since it<br />

began in 2007.<br />

Representing the ten largest life insurance<br />

carriers in the United States, including Met<br />

Life, John Hancock, Lincoln National, AXA,<br />

Prudential, ING and an additional twenty<br />

major companies, The Legacy Network offers<br />

life, health, annuity long-term care and<br />

disability products. The company works<br />

through more than 100 agencies across the<br />

United States.<br />

“The Legacy Network is the face of Idaho to<br />

those insurance advisors around the country,”<br />

says Russell, “and our plan is to sign up more<br />

good people, to the benefit of those agencies<br />

and the people here at home.”<br />

For more information on this growing family<br />

firm, visit www.TLNnet.com.<br />

✧<br />

Back row, left to right: A true family<br />

business, company founder Rand<br />

Robison poses with his children and<br />

TLN business partners, Russell<br />

Robison, Joel Robison and Moria<br />

Westenskow. Front row, left to right:<br />

The up and coming third generation<br />

of Robisons include Russell’s son,<br />

Adrian Robison, and Joel’s son,<br />

Jack Robison.<br />

T h e M a r k e t p l a c e ✦ 1 2 7

C-A-L<br />

FARM &<br />


It was not an easy decision for Clinton<br />

Murphy and his two sons, Allen and Laurel<br />

“Wayne,” to leave the little town of Clarissa,<br />

Minnesota, population 500 and head west to<br />

seek their destiny.<br />

tires, batteries and oil filters. If a farmer<br />

or rancher had five or more motorized<br />

vehicles, they could get a “Fleet” card,<br />

which entitled them to a discount on<br />

their purchases.<br />

✧<br />

The Murphy brothers are very<br />

grateful for the awesome support the<br />

residents of <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> have<br />

extended over the years. In this<br />

vintage photo, Allen (left) and Wayne<br />

(right) Murphy pose in front of their<br />

storefront with hometown friends who<br />

were passing through Idaho Falls.<br />

They loved their home, but they were<br />

looking for more—specifically a town<br />

with plenty of farms and ranches where<br />

they could open a retail farm and ranch<br />

supply store. They passed through Montana<br />

as far west as Missoula. Not finding what<br />

they were looking for there, they turned<br />

south. Their intent was to head to Texas, but<br />

as they drove through the fertile Idaho Falls<br />

valley—an area teeming with farms—they<br />

knew right away they had found their<br />

new home.<br />

With $30,000, most of which was borrowed<br />

from their father, Allen and Wayne opened<br />

their new store on the corner of Curtis and<br />

West Eighteenth Street in Idaho Falls in<br />

August 1959. They named it C-A-L Farm<br />

& Ranch Store—the C for Clinton, the<br />

A for Allen and the L for Laurel. The bulk of<br />

their product line included tools, spark plugs,<br />

Area farmers responded with full support<br />

and the Murphy’s quickly outgrew their<br />

1,800 square foot building. After just one<br />

year they moved into a new building in front<br />

of the stockyards on Yellowstone Highway.<br />

Twelve years later, they built a new 33,000<br />

square foot store at 665 East Anderson in Idaho<br />

Falls. A second store was opened in 1963 in<br />

neighboring Rexburg with additional stores<br />

opening in Blackfoot, Pocatello and Burley<br />

in 1967.<br />

In 1988, C-A-L Ranch Stores was sold to<br />

longtime employee and general manager,<br />

Howard Johnston, and in 2006 was sold again,<br />

this time to three other long-term employees.<br />

Today, Jerry Ward, Bill Wallace and Tom<br />

Yearsley own the company and operate<br />

eighteen stores in four states.<br />

For more information on C-A-L Ranch<br />

Stores, visit online at www.calranch.com.<br />

1 2 8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

The chamber of commerce has been a part of<br />

the Idaho Falls scene for over 100 years, helping<br />

to forge the business community forward.<br />

Although the message content has changed over<br />

the years, the chamber has been and always<br />

will be dedicated to telling the Idaho Falls story.<br />

Information is readily provided to the business<br />

world and others seeking information about<br />

regional shopping, cultural interests, medical and<br />

healthcare, recreation, transportation and other<br />

businesses and organizations in Eastern Idaho.<br />

In June 1904 as businessmen came to realize<br />

that their own prosperity depended on the<br />

development of a prosperous, healthy, happy<br />

community, a group of business leaders formed the<br />

first business organization called the Idaho Falls<br />

Commercial Club. In 1907 the group was reorganized<br />

as the Idaho Falls Club of Commerce, as their<br />

primary focus shifted to attracting new industries<br />

and commercial development to Idaho Falls.<br />

The name changed April 28, 1919 to<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> Commercial Club and again<br />

April 5, 1922 when the chamber of commerce<br />

name came into existence. In the late 1950s,<br />

it was recognized that whatever affected the<br />

businesses of Idaho Falls had a profound impact<br />

on the surrounding communities, so the name<br />

was changed to The Greater Idaho Falls Chamber<br />

of Commerce, its present designation.<br />

As one of the largest and most active chambers<br />

of commerce in the state of Idaho, The Greater<br />

Idaho Falls Chamber has taken pride in the fact<br />

that it has played the vital role in the business<br />

community of being the advocate and leader for<br />

business interests in Eastern Idaho.<br />

From the early 1900s, Innovative projects have<br />

shaped the future of Idaho Falls as an icon in<br />

the development of energy sources. The chamber<br />

has played an instrumental role in such projects<br />

as the development of the city’s first power plant<br />

by taming the Snake River’s rapids and diverting<br />

the waters through hydroelectric turbines.<br />

When the state of Idaho was originally selected<br />

to become the home of the atomic energy site<br />

in 1948, our neighbors to the south, the city of<br />

Pocatello, was expected to be chosen to house<br />

the headquarters. Although agriculture has<br />

always been the predominant industry in Idaho<br />

Falls, our chamber business leaders, through<br />

clever planning and lobbying, managed to sway<br />

the Washington D.C. decision makers to select<br />

Idaho Falls instead and led to the development<br />

of the first experimental Breeder Reactor,<br />

which chalked up one of the most historic<br />

achievements of the century in producing<br />

the first use of nuclear fission electricity at the<br />

Idaho National Laboratory.<br />

In the 1970s the chamber initiated construction<br />

of a new environmental education center on<br />

the northern edge of Russ Freeman Park that led<br />

to the creation of University Place, a duel enrollment<br />

satellite campus for Idaho State University<br />

and the University of Idaho and played a critical<br />

role in lobbying the state legislature to create a<br />

vocational technical college in Eastern Idaho,<br />

now know as Eastern Idaho Technical College.<br />

While the list of activities and projects the<br />

chamber has been involved with during the<br />

development of Idaho Falls is long, one thing is<br />

for certain, the chamber has played a critical role<br />

in improving the economic welfare<br />

of the community. Whether<br />

it is creating a business friendly<br />

atmosphere, to providing a<br />

skilled and stable workforce,<br />

to helping businesses run more<br />

efficiently and reduce costs<br />

of operation. The chamber is<br />

fighting many battles, on many<br />

fronts, on businesses behalf.<br />

For more information visit<br />

www.idahofallschamber.com or<br />

call 208-523-1010.<br />





T h e M a r k e t p l a c e ✦ 1 2 9




Merrill Lynch—the brokerage and investment<br />

firm renowned for bringing “Wall Street to Main<br />

Street” nearly a century ago—has also played a<br />

key role in Idaho Falls’ growth and recognition<br />

as a regional business hub. The firm originally<br />

opened a downtown Idaho Falls office in 1981<br />

and has held a consistent position in the community<br />

ever since. Today, Merrill Lynch has<br />

expanded to help meet the needs of its growing<br />

client base by moving to modern offices at 560<br />

South Woodruff Avenue. Anchored by approximately<br />

a dozen Financial Advisors and five service-oriented<br />

Client Associates, the Idaho Falls<br />

branch office focuses on helping affluent individuals,<br />

families and business owners pursue<br />

their financial dreams. Everyone in the office<br />

aspires every day to honor Charles Merrill’s commitment<br />

to putting clients’ interests first.<br />

Merrill Lynch offers the experience, continuity<br />

and perspective that few in the industry can<br />

match. From educating prospects about investing<br />

in the 1930s and 1940s—including special<br />

programs for women—to leading Wall Street<br />

globalization in the 1960s, to introducing the<br />

revolutionary Cash Management Account ® in the<br />

1970s; from being the first financial firm ever to<br />

exceed $1 trillion in client assets, which happened<br />

in the 1990s, to launching a comprehensive<br />

wealth management platform and joining<br />

Bank of America in the twenty-first century,<br />

Merrill Lynch has been a leader in bringing individuals<br />

into the investment process in the United<br />

States and around the world.<br />

Although the firm offers access to the vast<br />

global resources of both Merrill Lynch and Bank<br />

of America, our Financial Advisors try to give<br />

each client meeting the feel of an intimate family<br />

gathering. We believe that when we connect<br />

on a “local” level, there is a net gain in understanding,<br />

support and achievement. And our<br />

role goes beyond advising on stocks and bonds.<br />

We also assist individuals, families and businesses<br />

in areas such as retirement, cash management<br />

and financing, often working closely with clients’<br />

other professionals, such as attorneys and<br />

accountants, as needed.<br />

The principles by which we conduct ourselves<br />

are: focusing on clients, respecting each individual,<br />

working as a team, being responsible citizens<br />

and demonstrating integrity at all times. And our<br />

employees are actively involved in the communities<br />

in which they serve and live, devoting time,<br />

energy and resources to create positive change.<br />

Please contact us at 208-525-5211 to learn<br />

more about how The Power of the Right Advisor ®<br />

can make a positive impact on your financial life.<br />

Merrill Lynch Wealth Management makes<br />

available products and services offered by Merrill<br />

Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith Incorporated,<br />

a registered broker-dealer and member SIPC,<br />

and other subsidiaries of Bank of America<br />

Corporation (BAC).<br />

Investment products are not FDIC Issued,<br />

are not bank guaranteed and may lose value.<br />

1 3 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

The mission of the North American Brewers<br />

Association (NABA) has been the same since the<br />

day it was founded: To secure the role of beer in<br />

today’s culture and society through the advancement<br />

of brewing quality and consumer education.<br />

The idea for the association began brewing<br />

shortly after the first cup of suds was poured<br />

at the first-ever Mountain Brewers Beer Fest in<br />

May 1995. Created as a fun way to introduce<br />

craft and microbrewed beer to eastern Idaho,<br />

this first festival not only attracted 700 people,<br />

but also became the catalyst for the association.<br />

NABA was actually founded in late 1996<br />

and incorporated in 1999. It is a nonprofit,<br />

all-volunteer organization with members from<br />

throughout the North American brewing industry.<br />

Founders and key individuals credited<br />

with getting it all started include Lisa Smith,<br />

Rich Gelok, Bruce<br />

Steege, Bob Beckwith,<br />

Jay Newkirk, Ron<br />

Leanna, Tom Hartwell<br />

and Dine Smith as well<br />

as local attorney John<br />

“Mick” Ohman and<br />

current NABA President<br />

Gregg Smith.<br />

In addition to organizational<br />

tasks such<br />

as the development<br />

of corporate policies,<br />

procedures and membership,<br />

NABA also<br />

sanctions beer awards<br />

and festivals such as the Mountain Brewers Fest<br />

and North American Beer Awards as well as a<br />

judging and evaluation course.<br />

Held on the first Saturday in June at Sandy<br />

Downs in Idaho Falls, the Mountain Brewers<br />

Fest has grown immensely over the years and<br />

now attracts people from more than twenty<br />

states and several foreign countries. The 2011<br />

edition hosted a record-breaking 6,000 attendees<br />

and was named a winner of the governor’s<br />

tourism event award. It regularly features<br />

samplings from more than 100 breweries as<br />

well as food and live music.<br />

All revenue goes to charities<br />

and nonprofits with selected<br />

groups receiving more<br />

than $620,000 since the<br />

festival’s inception.<br />

Held in conjunction<br />

with the festival since 1997,<br />

the North American Beer<br />

Awards is a prestigious<br />

and professional three-day<br />

brewing competition judged<br />

by brewmasters from major<br />

national and small independent<br />

breweries as well<br />

as beer journalists and<br />

certified judges. The gold,<br />

silver and bronze medals awarded are so<br />

coveted that it is not uncommon to see them<br />

heralded in the winning brewer’s national<br />

advertising campaigns.<br />

Visit www.northamericanbrewers.org or<br />

www.mbbf.org for more information.<br />

NORTH<br />


BREWER’S<br />


T h e M a r k e t p l a c e ✦ 1 3 1

COX, OHMAN &<br />



✧<br />

Above: Left to right, Dean<br />

Brandstetter, Amy Kingston,<br />

and John Ohman.<br />

Below: Left to right, Lori Freeman,<br />

Sheila Cooper, Pat Cox, Becki<br />

Thompson, and Kris Purcell.<br />

For more than three decades, the attorneys<br />

of what is now Cox, Ohman & Brandstetter,<br />

Chartered in Idaho Falls have stood behind<br />

clients as they faced judge and jury in an array<br />

of litigation-related matters from cases of<br />

wrongful death, family law, criminal defense,<br />

probate and estates, real estate matters, and<br />

business and employment law to just about any<br />

other legal matter, civil or criminal.<br />

A full-service law firm, COB Law—as it is<br />

often referred—is committed to upholding<br />

the highest standards of professionalism and<br />

ethics and pledges to always provide the<br />

highest quality representation. One of the ways<br />

they do this is by getting to know each client on<br />

an individual basis.<br />

“By using a one-on-one approach we are able<br />

to effectively assess each client’s needs and<br />

requirements,” said John M. Ohman, one of the<br />

two original founding partners. “In many cases,<br />

an out-of-court agreement can be reached<br />

through smart negotiation, but, sometimes,<br />

aggressive litigation is necessary. Our expertise<br />

is in knowing how to best meet each client’s<br />

individual challenge.”<br />

A certified trial specialist with a consistent<br />

“A” rating in the Martindale-Hubbell Legal<br />

Directory, Ohman began practicing with Idaho<br />

Falls native Roger D. Cox in December 1978<br />

and the two formed Cox and Ohman,<br />

Chartered in May 1981. In April 1990 they<br />

brought in Dean C. Brandstetter of Idaho Falls<br />

and rebranded the firm Cox, Ohman &<br />

Brandstetter, Chartered.<br />

Also heralded by Martindale-Hubbell,<br />

Brandstetter specializes in family, commercial<br />

and criminal law with extensive experience<br />

in trial and appellate matters. Cox retired in<br />

2007 after practicing law for forty years and<br />

attorney Amy Kingston joined in 2009. Also<br />

from Idaho Falls and with Federal Tax Court<br />

experience, Kingston specializes in tax planning<br />

and issues arising from business operations,<br />

property transactions, estate planning,<br />

probate matters, tax exempt organizations,<br />

wills or trusts, business formation, and mergers,<br />

consolidations and acquisitions.<br />

In addition to the attorneys, the firm has<br />

a staff of five highly-skilled employees. All<br />

pride themselves not only in their professions,<br />

but in their community as well through<br />

involvement in numerous civic, charitable and<br />

social organizations and events.<br />

For more information, please visit<br />

www.coblawidahofalls.com.<br />

1 3 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

✧<br />

Grays Lake marshes.<br />


T h e M a r k e t p l a c e ✦ 1 3 3

✧<br />

New school in Ammon, 1904.<br />

1 3 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y



B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ’ s r e a l e s t a t e d e v e l o p e r s ,<br />

c o n s t r u c t i o n c o m p a n i e s , h e a v y i n d u s t r i e s ,<br />

a n d m a n u f a c t u r e r s p r o v i d e<br />

t h e e c o n o m i c f o u n d a t i o n o f t h e c o u n t y<br />

Idaho Falls Power<br />

City of Idaho Falls Electric Light Division . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3 6<br />

B&B Custom, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3 8<br />

Anheuser-Busch Idaho Barley and Malting Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4 0<br />

HK Contractors, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4 2<br />

Idaho National Laboratory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4 4<br />

Johnson Brothers Planing Mill, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4 6<br />

The Watkins Company . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4 8<br />

Ball Ventures, LLC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5 0<br />

Morgan Construction, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5 2<br />

Custom Land Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5 3<br />

Eagle Rock Specialties, LLC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5 4<br />

Idaho Steel Products, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5 5<br />

Pacific West Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5 6<br />

Venture One Properties<br />

Java Espress ® and Juice Jungle ® . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5 7<br />

Wheeler Electric, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5 8<br />

NBW Architects, P.A. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5 9<br />

D. V. Groberg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6 0<br />

Holst Tr uck Parts<br />

Holst Collision Center, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6 1<br />

J. R. Simplot Company . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6 2<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> Industrial Supply Co., Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6 3<br />

Doug Andrus Distributing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6 4<br />

B u i l d i n g a G r e a t e r B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ✦ 1 3 5


POWER<br />

CITY OF<br />




✧<br />

Above: Diversion dam on Snake River<br />

for City Plant, 1962. The structure<br />

provides the “falls” for Idaho Falls.<br />

Below: Substation and Lower Plant<br />

building, 1955.<br />

Joseph A. Clark, the first mayor of Idaho Falls,<br />

campaigned for office on a promise to bring<br />

electric power to the town. He made good on his<br />

campaign promise and a tiny electric generator<br />

was installed on an irrigation canal in the fall of<br />

1900, establishing the city’s electric utility.<br />

The original power plant was located near what<br />

is now a small park on the west side of boulevard<br />

where Tenth Street connects. The fan-belt generator<br />

had a capacity of 125 horsepower and most of<br />

the initial demand for the plant was for street<br />

lighting. However, electric power was not<br />

supplied twenty-four hours a day. The generating<br />

plant was started around 4:00 p.m. on cloudy<br />

days and 4:30 p.m. on clear days in the winter.<br />

It was often turned off on bright, moonlit nights.<br />

Demand for electricity grew quickly, leading<br />

to an increase in the plant’s capacity in 1902.<br />

Residents paid $1 per month for two incandescent<br />

lights, 40 cents each for the next two lights,<br />

and 30 cents per month for each additional light.<br />

By 1912 additional generating power was<br />

needed and voters approved a $95,000 bond<br />

issue to build a dam and powerhouse on the river<br />

between the Broadway Avenue Bridge and the<br />

hospital. Within weeks, electric rates dropped to<br />

seven cents per kilowatt-hour, one of the lowest<br />

residential rates in the state. Commercial customers<br />

paid a rate of four cents per kilowatt-hour.<br />

Demand for electricity continued to grow,<br />

and Idaho Falls was forced to purchase surplus<br />

power from Utah Power & Light, which had<br />

purchased a hydroelectric dam and powerhouse<br />

on the Snake River, four miles south of Idaho<br />

Falls. City officials also felt the pressure to find<br />

a second generating unit for the City Plant and,<br />

in 1917, $35,000 in new bonds was issued to<br />

pay for a waterwheel and generator at the City<br />

Plant. A number of additions and improvements<br />

helped the city keep pace with demand through<br />

the 1930s. Although the Great Depression<br />

devastated southeastern Idaho, peak load continued<br />

to increase at approximately ten percent<br />

through the first half of the 1930s.<br />

Like other utilities across the nation, Idaho<br />

Falls Power had to ‘make do’ with shortages of<br />

water, manpower and materials during World<br />

War II. The war effort also created a shortage of<br />

steel, copper and aluminum, all essential for<br />

maintaining the city’s electric system. The war<br />

era also saw completion of two massive dams on<br />

1 3 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

the Columbia River, a significant event that led<br />

to creation of a vast public power system for the<br />

Pacific Northwest.<br />

Until 1950, Idaho Falls Power operated in<br />

essentially the same manner as it had for fifty<br />

years. However, by the early 1960s, peak<br />

demand was approaching 40,000 kilowatts and<br />

Idaho Falls signed an agreement with the<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> Power Administration (BPA) for what<br />

appeared at the time to be a limitless supply of<br />

inexpensive hydroelectric power. The agreement<br />

allowed Idaho Falls Power to lower its rates and<br />

more aggressively market electricity.<br />

The utility survived a major disaster in June<br />

1976 when the Teton Dam, a storage reservoir<br />

on the upper Snake River, suddenly failed and<br />

more than 80 billion gallons of water spilled<br />

out of the reservoir. The flood killed six people<br />

and caused hundreds of millions of dollars in<br />

damage. The utility’s City Plant was a total loss<br />

and damage to other facilities was extensive.<br />

A $48 million bond issue was approved by<br />

voters to rebuild the hydroelectric plants, using<br />

bulb turbine technology that dramatically<br />

increased the performance of the city’s hydroelectric<br />

plants.<br />

As demand continued to grow, the Gem State<br />

project—a 22.4-megawatt plant—was built on<br />

the Snake River below Idaho Falls in 1987. In<br />

addition to supplying the area’s electric power<br />

needs, Gem State has become one of the area’s<br />

prime recreation spots.<br />

Idaho Falls Power has enjoyed an annual<br />

growth rate of just under two percent over<br />

the last forty years and annual retail revenues<br />

now total $42.6 million on sales of 698,300,000<br />

kilowatt hours. The utility serves more than<br />

26,000 customers and employs more than<br />

sixty-five people.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Intake structure for City Plant<br />

after Teton Dam flood, 1976.<br />

Below: Crews replacing downtown<br />

transformer racks, 1965.<br />

B u i l d i n g a G r e a t e r B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ✦ 1 3 7

B&B CUSTOM,<br />

INC.<br />

✧<br />

Left to right, Cory, Dave, and Tracy<br />

Bingham are ready to begin another<br />

day at their custom crop-protection<br />

business in Idaho Falls.<br />

“The ‘Idaho’ hangtag in the produce section<br />

of the supermarket may not be a big deal<br />

for some; but, for the potato growers of that<br />

state, it is their pledge of quality to consumers,”<br />

says David Bingham, president and CEO of<br />

B&B Custom, Inc.<br />

Before B&B Custom, a crop-production, custom-application<br />

business, was founded in 1988,<br />

the family operated a 360 acre farm where they<br />

raised hay, grain and potatoes. With the potato<br />

growing operation, Dave used a four-row planter<br />

equipped with a 150-gallon fertilizer tank to<br />

spray liquid fertilizer into the soil through<br />

the planter shoe. While the treatment of soil<br />

was vital to a healthy crop, he soon learned<br />

the method he used was not adequate because<br />

the spray mixed with<br />

the dry disease control<br />

chemical, resulting in<br />

inefficient application<br />

of expensive materials.<br />

He agrees that<br />

“necessity” is the Mother<br />

of Invention. With the<br />

help of his team (sons<br />

Cory and Tracy, and<br />

David’s wife, Jeanie),<br />

they designed and built<br />

equipment to allow<br />

simultaneous potato<br />

row mark-out and<br />

chemical applications.<br />

The idea worked, and they expanded the number<br />

of rows from four to eight, redesigning the injector<br />

shoes; thereby, eliminating cross-mixing of<br />

chemicals, and more than doubling the capacity of<br />

chemical tanks. These improvements greatly<br />

increased the efficiency, reducing the maintenance<br />

during application. The initial enhancements<br />

prompted Bingham to seek other improvements,<br />

not only increasing the overall operation of his<br />

farm, but revolutionized the potato-growing<br />

industry in Idaho.<br />

In 1992, B&B Custom designed a two-layer<br />

injector shoe for the new Vapam ® application<br />

system, which enables the fumigation chemical<br />

to be distributed more evenly and efficiently in<br />

the soil while minimizing waste. B&B’s chemical<br />

suppliers took note, testing the placement of the<br />

product in the soil. It was not long until word<br />

spread among suppliers and dealers; and, B&B’s<br />

process became the new industry standard.<br />

During the start-up years, B&B continued<br />

utilizing the initial design modifications to<br />

improve chemical applications and row markouts.<br />

Further research and testing methods<br />

proved that single-layer Vapam ® application and<br />

water overlay was more efficient than the<br />

previously used two-layer application because it<br />

prevented chemical escape into the atmosphere.<br />

When the Potato Growers of Idaho learned<br />

about the application, B&B Custom was asked to<br />

demonstrate the new technique to the U.S.<br />

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Idaho<br />

1 3 8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

State Legislature and AG Company officials. Again,<br />

B&B Custom established a new industry baseline.<br />

Since 1990, B&B’s growth and inventions have<br />

been phenomenal. They designed and built 8-row,<br />

markers; 12-row markers, and, eventually, 18-row<br />

markers. Each time, the tractors’ horsepower was<br />

dramatically increased. The company made<br />

improvements to the injector shoe in 1993; and,<br />

in 2004, it was the first to incorporate a satellite<br />

positioning system (GPS) to assist tractor<br />

operators during the mark-out and chemical<br />

application process. Improvements have been<br />

made to the technology, using BeeLine © GPS, to<br />

keep the tractor on a straight path within a<br />

tolerance of +/- one inch. “The GPS system is<br />

accurate, automated position tracking that allows<br />

farmers and agricultural service providers to<br />

record data and apply variable rates of inputs to<br />

smaller areas within larger fields,” he says.<br />

In 2000, B&B made major changes by<br />

replacing their standard wheeled tractors with<br />

new rubber caterpillar tract tractors. This<br />

change limited the soil compaction damage<br />

caused by large tractor footprints.<br />

When the Pale Cyst Nematode soil disease<br />

was discovered in the Shelley area, B&B<br />

Custom’s team used its innovative equipment<br />

and application system to apply Telone ® , a deep<br />

treatment commercial chemical, to eliminate the<br />

destructive pest from the soil and prevent loss of<br />

entire crops. It also eliminated the threat of the<br />

disease spreading to nearby fields.<br />

During 2011 the B&B Custom team<br />

expanded into the Burley, Idaho, area. They<br />

were invited by a local fertilizer company to use<br />

their innovative systems to apply Telone ® soil<br />

fumigant to two fields totaling 1,100 acres. This<br />

application was used for the 2012 sugar beet<br />

crop season. The purpose of this application<br />

was to eliminate the nematode disease to<br />

improve the productivity of the sugar beet crop.<br />

Since the company was founded, another<br />

son, Tim, and daughter, Michelle, were added as<br />

tractor operators. Otherwise, there have been no<br />

major changes to key personnel or organization<br />

of the family-run business. It takes pride in<br />

purchasing all equipment, supplies, and<br />

materials from local dealers and suppliers.<br />

B&B Custom, Inc. is located in the New<br />

Sweden area in Idaho Falls.<br />

B u i l d i n g a G r e a t e r B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ✦ 1 3 9



and high quality barley seed to local Idaho<br />

farmers. The barley varieties grown in Idaho<br />

have been hand selected by Anheuser-Busch<br />

brewmasters to provide a barley malt supply of<br />

the highest quality for beer production.<br />

The staff at the Barley Elevator contracts<br />

with local Idaho farmers (many of whom<br />

have grown barley for Anheuser-Busch for<br />

generations) to ensure a dependable supply<br />

of high quality malting barley. Currently<br />

Anheuser-Busch contracts approximately twenty<br />

million bushels of Idaho barley. The elevator<br />

receives barley direct from the local farmers,<br />

making sure it conforms to strict quality<br />

standards before accepting and then ships the<br />

barley to the malt plant where it is cleaned in<br />

preparation for malt production.<br />

✧<br />

Above: The Anheuser-Busch<br />

Malt Plant in Idaho Falls,<br />

prior to expansion.<br />

Right: An Idaho barley field.<br />

Malted barley is arguably the most important<br />

ingredient in any beer and forms the flavor<br />

base for the Anheuser-Busch family of beers<br />

including Budweiser and Bud Light, the two of<br />

the best selling beers in the world.<br />

Anheuser-Busch began contracting barley in<br />

Idaho in the mid-1960s after the company<br />

deemed Idaho and the barley grown here to<br />

be of the ideal quality for its beers. Idaho is<br />

currently the largest barley producing state in<br />

the nation. Today the company’s Idaho barley<br />

and malting operations directly employs more<br />

than sixty people and indirectly provides<br />

employment for thousands more ultimately<br />

contributing over $100 million dollars annually<br />

to the local economy.<br />

The company’s malt plant located just<br />

south of downtown Idaho Falls and Barley<br />

Elevator located north of the city along<br />

Interstate I-15 were both constructed in 1990<br />

and then expanded in 2002, effectively<br />

doubling the size of both facilities. Both are<br />

notable local landmarks with their Budweiser<br />

and Anheuser-Busch logos being visible for<br />

miles around. In addition to these two facilities,<br />

Anheuser-Busch also operates a Barley Seed<br />

Plant just east of the Barley Elevator.<br />

Growing malting quality barley for beer production<br />

is a complex operation that begins at the<br />

Barley Seed Plant, which supplies a high purity<br />

After the barley has been cleaned at the malt<br />

plant, it is “malted” through a seven day, three<br />

step process of steeping, germination and<br />

kilning. The finished malt is then tasted and<br />

analyzed for quality before being shipped to<br />

any of the company’s twelve domestic breweries<br />

for beer production.<br />

Anheuser-Busch as a company traces its<br />

origins back to the Bavarian Brewery, established<br />

in 1852 in St. Louis. Eberhard Anheuser<br />

acquired the Bavarian Brewery in 1869 and<br />

renamed it E. Anheuser & Co. In 1864, his<br />

son-in-law, Adolphus Busch, joined the company<br />

that would later become Anheuser-Busch.<br />

1 4 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

While the company’s early years were<br />

demanding, Adolphus proved up to the<br />

challenge. His keen vision, bold initiative,<br />

marketing savvy and passionate commitment<br />

to quality were his legacy to those who followed<br />

and the high standards he established have<br />

been adhered to by each succeeding generation.<br />

Philanthropic outreach is at the core of<br />

Anheuser-Busch’s business philosophy and has<br />

been since 1906, when the company donated<br />

money to the American Red Cross to support<br />

those impacted by the San<br />

Francisco earthquake.<br />

Since 1997, Anheuser-<br />

Busch and its foundation<br />

have invested in local communities<br />

through donations<br />

of nearly $475 million<br />

to charitable organizations.<br />

The company has also<br />

provided more than 71<br />

million cans of drinking<br />

water to people impacted by<br />

natural or other disasters<br />

since 1988.<br />

In addition to the company’s contributions,<br />

Anheuser-Busch’s workforce is dedicated to<br />

making a difference through volunteerism.<br />

Many employees give countless hours to help<br />

worthy organizations.<br />

Anheuser-Busch and its employees build<br />

on a legacy of corporate social responsibility<br />

by focusing on three key areas: promoting<br />

alcohol responsibility, preserving and protecting<br />

the environment and making a difference<br />

in local communities.<br />

✧<br />

Above: The Anheuser-Busch<br />

Barley Elevator near Osgood.<br />

Below: The Anheuser-Busch<br />

Malt Plant, post expansion.<br />

B u i l d i n g a G r e a t e r B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ✦ 1 4 1

HK<br />


INC.<br />

From its humble beginnings as Hartwell<br />

Excavating to its current status as eastern<br />

Idaho’s largest road construction company,<br />

HK Contractors, Inc., of Idaho Falls has literally<br />

paved its way to success.<br />

Indeed, the company’s impressive reputation<br />

has been forged over six-plus decades. Starting<br />

in 1952—when George Hartwell began construction<br />

and excavating operations with little<br />

more than a backhoe, a dump truck and a<br />

dream; later joining forces with John Kennaday<br />

of Kennaday Paving; and then finally merging<br />

the two companies to become HK Contractors,<br />

Inc., on July 25, 1975, HK has certainly earned<br />

its designation as one of the most respected<br />

and successful general contracting firms in the<br />

Rocky Mountain West.<br />

Although the newly-merged company’s compounded<br />

expertise and assets enabled it to earn<br />

larger and more varied projects, the new HK<br />

Contractors put everything on the back burner<br />

to help its community back to its feet following<br />

the catastrophic Teton Dam Flood in 1976.<br />

Workers spent six months moving mud and<br />

debris and rebuilding roads before resuming<br />

normal duties and plunging headfirst into<br />

massive projects such as the paving of major<br />

highways for the Federal Highway Division and<br />

Transportation Departments for Idaho, Utah,<br />

Wyoming, Nevada, and Montana, as well an<br />

array of other projects for a diverse roster<br />

of residential, commercial and government<br />

clients. The company adopted the motto<br />

“Everything from Highways to Driveways” and<br />

that motto stands today.<br />

In addition to highways, today’s HK workforce<br />

of 250-plus multi-skilled, experienced<br />

workers uses a fleet of more than 350 pieces of<br />

major equipment to perform everything from<br />

city and local paving, underground utilities,<br />

turnkey subdivisions, mining, and specialty<br />

construction such as airports and dams to<br />

smaller, more routine driveway paving and<br />

maintenance, snow removal and even gravel<br />

and topsoil sales and delivery.<br />

✧<br />

Above: HK Contractors, Inc. was<br />

founded and operated in the early<br />

days by (top) John Kennaday,<br />

(from left to right) Gene Ranstrom,<br />

Clyde Charles, George Hartwell,<br />

and Leonard Foster.<br />

Right: HK has invested in the latest<br />

in low emission warm mix asphalt<br />

technology by installing an energy<br />

efficient and eco-friendly warm mix<br />

asphalt plant.<br />

1 4 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

A self-sufficient company with annual sales<br />

often surpassing $100 million, HK owns multiple<br />

gravel sources, aggregate crushing operations<br />

and asphalt plants and was purchased<br />

in 2007 by Oldcastle, Inc.,—one of the world’s<br />

leading building products and materials companies.<br />

With operations in more than 1,900<br />

locations across the U.S. and Canada, this new<br />

parent company further escalated HK’s selfsufficiency<br />

by providing even more abundant<br />

resources and increased purchasing leverage.<br />

Some major local projects that bear the HK<br />

stamp include the 2007 reconstruction of Idaho<br />

Falls’ Sunnyside Road; and the 2010-2011<br />

reconstruction of U.S. Highway 20 from Menan<br />

to Lorenzo. HK was also a major contractor at<br />

many Brigham Young University-Idaho sites as<br />

the university transitioned from a two year to a<br />

four year school.<br />

Additionally, the company has been awarded<br />

major multiyear, multimillion dollar projects<br />

in Yellowstone and Glacier National Parks.<br />

Sprawling over preserved land in Idaho,<br />

Wyoming and Montana, Yellowstone has been<br />

the beneficiary of HK work over the past three<br />

decades to include major excavation, bridge<br />

construction, masonry, mechanically stabilized<br />

earth walls, soil nail walls, aggregate production,<br />

plant mix paving and the total reconstruction of<br />

old roadway. HK employees—working primarily<br />

at night so as not to disrupt tourist traffic were<br />

often visited by buffalo herds, moose and the<br />

occasional grizzly bear—are always careful to<br />

protect the environmental and historical features<br />

of the parks in which they are chosen to work.<br />

Superb work in Yellowstone led to a ten plus<br />

year, $140 million undertaking at Montana’s<br />

Glacier National Park which began in 2007.<br />

This project involves the rehabilitation of<br />

Going-to-the-Sun Road, which is not only one<br />

of the nation’s most scenic highways, but also<br />

one that—at only twenty feet wide with cliffs<br />

above and steep drop-offs below—makes HK’s<br />

award-winning expertise and safety crucial.<br />

As for awards, HK has received numerous<br />

local, state and national awards for work<br />

quality, performance and safety, including the<br />

“Best Construction Project” awarded by the<br />

Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) in<br />

1998 and 2004 for projects in Yellowstone and<br />

in Grand Teton National Park in 2005. In 2003<br />

the company was awarded the FHWA’s “Highest<br />

Environmental Complexity” for its work on<br />

Yellowstone’s Grand Loop Road and, in 2008, the<br />

National Asphalt Pavement Association presented<br />

its esteemed Quality in Construction Award to<br />

the company after its completion of Yellowstone’s<br />

first warm-mix asphalt road project.<br />

The company also boasts an award winning<br />

safety record with more than one million hours<br />

worked without a lost time injury as well as<br />

recognition for their loyal participation in<br />

community and charitable activities.<br />

For more on HK Contractors, please visit<br />

www.hkcontractors.com<br />

✧<br />

Above: HK Contractors, Inc., has<br />

constructed hundreds of private,<br />

municipal, and state sponsored jobs<br />

throughout the Mountain West.<br />

Below: HK’s motto “Everything from<br />

Highways to Driveways” stands for<br />

quality and integrity, and still rings<br />

true today.<br />

B u i l d i n g a G r e a t e r B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ✦ 1 4 3



✧<br />

Below: The prototype for the<br />

U.S. Navy’s first nuclear submarine,<br />

the USS Nautilus, was built and<br />

tested at Idaho National Laboratory.<br />

Bottom: A team of reactor<br />

operators and engineers stands near<br />

Experimental Breeder Reactor-I a few<br />

weeks after the facility became the<br />

first reactor in the world to generate<br />

usable electricity.<br />

Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has called<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> home since 1949, when the<br />

National Reactor Testing Station was established<br />

by the Atomic Energy Commission (now the<br />

Department of Energy) in the Arco Desert. Idaho<br />

Falls and <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> were chosen over<br />

several surrounding communities to house the<br />

Idaho offices that would oversee the newly formed<br />

research institution. The decision has brought<br />

cultural and economic growth to the region for<br />

more than sixty years. Today, exceptional expertise,<br />

unique infrastructure, nuclear materials and<br />

strategic partnerships converge at INL to form the<br />

national nuclear energy laboratory.<br />

As one of only ten multi-program national<br />

laboratories in the U.S. Department of Energy’s<br />

laboratory complex, INL was originally<br />

established to conduct nuclear<br />

demonstration and testing for the<br />

nation, with the expectation that the<br />

mission would last no more than<br />

fifteen years. More than six decades<br />

later, INL remains the leading laboratory<br />

for U.S. nuclear research and<br />

development, and has expanded<br />

the breadth of its programs and projects,<br />

attracting top engineers and<br />

researchers from across the country<br />

and around the world. The laboratory’s<br />

geography and physical infrastructure<br />

provide unique capabilities<br />

to test and deploy new technologies<br />

that help protect the nation’s resources and<br />

advance energy security.<br />

Over the years, fifty-two nuclear reactors<br />

have been built at INL, many of them firstof-a-kind<br />

designs that were constructed to<br />

prove or disprove nuclear theories. Some of<br />

these reactors have become world famous for<br />

their accomplishments.<br />

• On December 20, 1951, Experimental Breeder<br />

Reactor-I became the first reactor in the world<br />

to generate a usable amount of electricity.<br />

Only two years later, it proved that a nuclear<br />

reactor, while generating electricity, could also<br />

create more reactor fuel than it was consuming.<br />

EBR-I was decommissioned in 1964, and<br />

two years later was designated a Registered<br />

National <strong>Historic</strong> Landmark. Today, EBR-I is<br />

an atomic museum open to the public during<br />

the summer.<br />

• The Materials Test Reactor (MTR) was also<br />

built and operated at INL. This reactor has<br />

been credited with starting materials research<br />

for nuclear energy facilities around the<br />

world. It also began a tradition of materials<br />

research that continues today at INL’s<br />

Advanced Test Reactor, the world’s largest<br />

and most versatile materials testing reactor.<br />

• The Loss of Fluid Test Reactor (LOFT) operated<br />

from 1973 until 1985 with the primary<br />

intent of improving reactor safety. Information<br />

gathered from the LOFT experiments has<br />

been an integral part of developing computer<br />

codes to enhance reactor safety in nuclear<br />

energy facilities and research reactors around<br />

the world.<br />

The U.S. nuclear Navy was also born in<br />

Idaho. In fact, the first nuclear submarine<br />

prototype was built and operated at INL,<br />

proving the concept that a nuclear reactor<br />

could supply a submarine with electrical power<br />

and propulsion over extended periods of time.<br />

This momentous accomplishment led to the<br />

launching of the USS Nautilus, the first nuclear<br />

vessel in the United States, and the construction<br />

of additional prototype systems that<br />

became training platforms for thousands of<br />

naval sailors who trained at INL and lived in<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>.<br />

Today, the laboratory supports the safe<br />

operation of the nation’s 104 nuclear energy<br />

facilities and performs cutting-edge research for<br />

1 4 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

next generation nuclear reactors that emphasize<br />

inherent safety features and high-temperature<br />

designs. INL also performs vital research for<br />

national security, alternative energy, biotechnology,<br />

modeling and simulation, and numerous<br />

other energy fields.<br />

As the world confronts the complexities of<br />

energy challenges and choices, INL promises to<br />

use research innovation, testing and evaluation,<br />

and expertise to help industry and academia<br />

apply new solutions to safely, securely and<br />

sustainably expand energy supply and improve<br />

efficiency. With a strong partnership and a<br />

bright future, both the laboratory and<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> are destined to celebrate<br />

many more milestones and anniversaries.<br />

✧<br />

Above: An interior view of the fuel<br />

storage canal at Idaho National<br />

Laboratory’s Advanced Test<br />

Reactor complex.<br />

Below: A researcher uses a Computer<br />

Assisted Virtual Environment to better<br />

visualize the internal components of<br />

Idaho National Laboratory’s<br />

Advanced Test Reactor.<br />

B u i l d i n g a G r e a t e r B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ✦ 1 4 5


✧<br />

Above: The old water wheel drive<br />

shaft for belt-driven equipment is<br />

still located in the basement at<br />

211 Cliff Street in Idaho Falls.<br />

This shaft is one of the highlights<br />

of a Johnson Brothers tour.<br />

Below: Johnson family and original<br />

owners in early 1900s. Back row,<br />

left to right: Oscar, Robert, Adolph,<br />

Emil, and Eno. Front row, left to<br />

right: Ernest, Alfreda, Carl Alfred,<br />

Maria Sophia, and Frederick.<br />

Like the skilled hands that have planed, sanded,<br />

turned and molded fine woodwork bearing<br />

the Johnson Brothers name for more than<br />

100 years, passion and hard work have finetuned<br />

and polished this family business into<br />

one of the most progressive woodworking and<br />

casework facilities in the Intermountain West<br />

and have succeeded in expanding its operations<br />

to include sales and distribution divisions.<br />

Founded in 1905, in the days when roughsawn<br />

lumber found its way from forest floor<br />

to planing mill by horse and wagon, Johnson<br />

Brothers was born when husband and wife<br />

Carl Alfred and Maria Sophia Johnson, their<br />

daughter, Alfreda, and seven sons—Robert,<br />

Oscar, Fred, Adolph, Ernest, Eno and Emil—<br />

migrated from Elkhart, Indiana to Idaho searching<br />

for prosperity. They settled in Idaho Falls<br />

where they not only found prosperity for their<br />

generation, but for future generations of family<br />

members as well.<br />

Soon after they arrived, the Johnsons purchased<br />

Idaho Falls Planing Mill, one of only<br />

two lumber planing mills in the area. As was<br />

common in those days, a water wheel powered<br />

the mill and continued to do so for almost a<br />

decade. The shaft was then transferred to the<br />

company’s present headquarters on Cliff Street.<br />

It was converted to a 15-horsepower electric<br />

motor powering all the woodworking equipment<br />

until the early 1960s. The original shaft<br />

with drive wheels is still located in the Cliff<br />

Street building’s basement and is available for<br />

public viewing.<br />

The first Johnson brothers learned the planing<br />

mill business from the ground up, manufacturing<br />

products like sashes, doors, windows,<br />

mouldings and cabinets which were used in<br />

their residential contracting business. Johnson<br />

Brothers constructed many of the homes on<br />

Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Streets in the Crow’s<br />

Addition of Idaho Falls. A true family business,<br />

Eno and wife Lelah, spent the first six months of<br />

their marriage living in a tent on an Arco jobsite<br />

while company crews built the Butte <strong>County</strong><br />

Courthouse and Arco Masonic Temple. Lelah<br />

not only washed workers’<br />

clothes in the nearby creek,<br />

but also cooked three hearty<br />

meals for them each day.<br />

The Johnson Brothers survived<br />

the Great Depression<br />

by negotiating government<br />

contracts and building several<br />

schools, churches and<br />

service stations. In the mid<br />

to late 1930s, management<br />

was transferred from Eno,<br />

Adolph and Ernie Johnson<br />

to Eno and Gene (Frederick’s<br />

son) Johnson. By the 1950s,<br />

architectural woodworking<br />

became the company’s mainstay,<br />

with its first major millwork<br />

project being the Idaho<br />

1 4 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

Falls High School and Idaho<br />

Falls Civic Auditorium. These<br />

cabinets and millwork are still<br />

in use today more than a half<br />

century later.<br />

In the early 1970s, Johnson<br />

Brothers became the distributor<br />

for Formica Brand plastic<br />

laminate, prompting the establishment<br />

of the sales and distribution<br />

division. This division<br />

grew so quickly that it was<br />

soon moved from a small area<br />

in the millwork building to its<br />

own building on Basalt Street.<br />

In 2000, an additional 7,000<br />

square foot showroom was<br />

constructed dedicated to<br />

featuring products such as<br />

doors, windows, mouldings, plastic laminate<br />

and hardware. A second sales and distribution<br />

center in Boise followed in 2005.<br />

Additional expansions to the planing mill<br />

have resulted in divisions devoted to countertops,<br />

wood moulding and wood and hollow<br />

metal doors. Johnson Brothers Planing Mill<br />

continues to produce architectural woodwork<br />

and casework throughout Idaho, Utah,<br />

Wyoming, Montana, Nevada and Oregon for<br />

church facilities, primary and secondary school<br />

projects, financial, hospitals,<br />

government facilities<br />

and medical and<br />

dental offices. Some of<br />

the largest projects<br />

have been the McKay<br />

Dee Hospital in Ogden,<br />

Utah; the Portneuf<br />

Regional Medical Center<br />

in Pocatello, Idaho; and<br />

the Church of Jesus<br />

Christ of Latter Day<br />

Saints Temple in<br />

Portland, Oregon.<br />

The company continues<br />

to be headquartered<br />

in Idaho Falls and is in its<br />

fifth generation of being<br />

family owned and operated.<br />

The current generation<br />

descends from Eno<br />

and Lelah and their daughter, Bernice. Bernice<br />

married Dave Sargis in 1941 and had five children,<br />

all of whom spent many afterschool hours<br />

and vacations sweeping floors and shoveling sawdust.<br />

Three of those children—E. J, David and<br />

Lindsay—own and operate the company today,<br />

with yet another generation already moving up<br />

through the ranks. Johnson Brothers employs<br />

more than fifty people, over half of whom have<br />

been with the company for a decade or more.<br />

For more information, visit www.jbros.com.<br />

✧<br />

Above: The moulding department is<br />

just one of the manufacturing areas<br />

of Johnson Brothers. Computerized<br />

equipment is now used extensively.<br />

Below: The showroom in Idaho Falls<br />

was designed to showcase many of the<br />

products in actual application.<br />

B u i l d i n g a G r e a t e r B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ✦ 1 4 7



✧<br />

Top, left: George Watkins, Sr.<br />

Top, right: The founder’s son<br />

Dane Watkins.<br />

“The more things change, the more they<br />

stay the same.” The same could be said of the<br />

property along the greenbelt in Idaho Falls over<br />

the course of the last 100 years. At the turn of the<br />

century, people traveled for miles to cross the<br />

Snake River at Taylor’s Toll Bridge—a gathering<br />

place for those crossing the river as well as the<br />

territorial geese that rose out of the water to<br />

join the gaggle on the shore. There were no falls<br />

then, just the slow moving “Great Snake” and a<br />

settlement called Eagle Rock.<br />

But, as the settlement of Eagle Rock grew<br />

and changed, so did the property along the<br />

river. In fact, Eagle Rock eventually became<br />

Idaho Falls, with significant changes occurring<br />

on both sides of the river. For example, on the<br />

east side, the <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> Courthouse<br />

was built in 1921 followed by the L.D.S.<br />

Temple in 1945. Both remain today. On the<br />

west side of the river, Salt Lake City, Utah<br />

resident George Watkins, Sr., and his wife Hope<br />

started Snake River Equipment Company—a<br />

full-line International Harvester dealership that<br />

serviced southeastern Idaho—in 1941.<br />

Over the next forty years, though there was<br />

little emphasis on the river in the beginning, the<br />

founding Watkins and his family acquired fifteen<br />

acres of rock and sagebrush along the river’s west<br />

bank and grew the business adding real estate,<br />

farming, industrial and irrigation divisions.<br />

“During the early years, there was a gravel road<br />

and a German concentration camp during<br />

World War II. That was pretty much it,” says<br />

Dane Watkins, the founder’s son, a fifteen year<br />

veteran of the Idaho State Senate, and principal<br />

of the present-day Watkins Company. “I have to<br />

give my Dad a lot of credit for his foresight. He<br />

provided the foundation for generations to come.”<br />

In 1981, however, tragedy struck when the<br />

founding Watkins was thrown from a horse<br />

and killed at the family cabin at Hebgen Lake,<br />

Montana. The loss caused the family to consider<br />

other uses for the property along the river. “We<br />

decided to develop the property to take advantage<br />

of such beauty,” Watkins said. “Located just<br />

across from the beautiful falls, we knew it was<br />

a wonderful opportunity to attract businesses.”<br />

They named the development Eagle Rock<br />

Station in honor of the history of the city and,<br />

instead of tearing down the old farm implement<br />

buildings, they cleared out the grease and<br />

remodeled several buildings, which now sit<br />

1 4 8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

upon the very foundations that his father built<br />

in the 1940s. “Our goal was to keep as much of<br />

what Dad started as possible,” says Watkins.<br />

“<strong>Historic</strong>ally a gathering place, it is an ideal location<br />

for restaurants, office space and retail space.”<br />

At the north end of the property is the microbrewery,<br />

Snow Eagle, the very place where George<br />

Watkins used to have his office. Today, whether<br />

winter or summer, it is a fantastic place to eat, shop<br />

and watch the falls. In the summer, in fact, you<br />

can sit at tables on the sidewalk and listen to the<br />

powerful roll of the falls. The Idaho Falls Chamber<br />

of Commerce is at the south end of the development,<br />

facing Broadway. In between the two, there<br />

are a number of other restaurants, offices and shops.<br />

As interest in the river has grown, so has<br />

the development. Behind Eagle Rock Station, the<br />

Watkins family has developed Chili’s, Applebee’s,<br />

Hampton Inn and Commercial Tire. “This is<br />

a perfect continuation of the Eagle Rock development.<br />

The river will always be here.”<br />

Others in the community have come to<br />

appreciate the value of the river. Over the<br />

years, development to the south of Eagle<br />

Rock Station has taken place, specifically<br />

Taylor’s Crossing and more recently, Snake<br />

River Landing. “We were here long before<br />

there was a greenbelt. It is wonderful to see the<br />

community rediscover the river.” Today, the<br />

greenbelt stretches from Freeman Park several<br />

miles south to Ryder Park.<br />

“We love this community, and it has been<br />

good to our family. We remain committed to<br />

ensuring the river remains a gathering place.<br />

Just as in the past, both the geese and people<br />

still come and we are convinced that both<br />

will continue to gather here for many more<br />

generations to come.”<br />

Watkins is married to the former Sherry<br />

McNamara (a former Miss Idaho Falls). They<br />

are the parents of seven children: Tory, Tracey,<br />

Dane, Jr., Damond, Taryn, David and Tiffany.<br />

✧<br />

Above and below: Improvements<br />

to Eagle Rock Station from 1941<br />

to 2012. Eagle Rock Station is<br />

located at 349 River Parkway,<br />

Box 50781, Idaho Falls 83405.<br />

Telephone: 208-523-0800,<br />

Fax: 208-523-0801,<br />

email: thewatkinsco@cs.com.<br />

B u i l d i n g a G r e a t e r B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ✦ 1 4 9


LLC<br />

✧<br />

Connie and Allen Ball.<br />

Not many people have the ability to visualize<br />

the potential of a gravel pit located on the Snake<br />

River and develop a vision for a premiere riverfront<br />

destination, but that is exactly what happened<br />

with Allen Ball, chairman and founder of<br />

Ball Ventures, LLC and CEO Cortney Liddiard.<br />

“It really wasn’t something you would think<br />

anyone would look at and see potential,” Eric<br />

Isom, Ball Ventures’ chief development officer,<br />

said of the company’s flagship project. “In fact,<br />

a lot of people worked at that gravel pit or<br />

drove by it every single day, but they either<br />

didn’t have the vision nor the ability to do<br />

anything about it.” Ball, however, had both.<br />

In 2001, Ball’s vision led him to purchase<br />

approximately 400 acres, most of it formerly<br />

owned by the concrete and gravel company,<br />

Monroc, Incorporated. Located in the heart of<br />

Idaho Falls where Ball was born, settled with<br />

his wife, Connie, and chose to raise his family,<br />

Ball’s vision was to clean up and develop the<br />

area into an aesthetically pleasing masterplanned<br />

riverfront community where people<br />

could live, work, shop and play, integrating<br />

the elements of daily life into one convenient<br />

location near Interstate 15 and on the beautiful<br />

Snake River.<br />

Liddiard was an integral part of taking Ball’s<br />

vision to a reality, along with a skilled management<br />

team including a talented development<br />

division, construction management, marketing<br />

and an expert legal team. Liddiard led the new<br />

company in demolishing the Monroc structures<br />

and creating the new development’s infrastructure<br />

and roads, the first road completed being<br />

Snake River Parkway, connecting Sunnyside<br />

Road near the Interstate 15 interchange to<br />

Pancheri Drive and the rest of downtown Idaho<br />

Falls. Official groundbreaking ceremonies for<br />

the project took place in 2007 and today, the<br />

area continues to be transformed into a blend<br />

of restaurants, retail space, Class A offices,<br />

recreational amenities and residential homes,<br />

all woven together by more than six miles of<br />

trail, handsome architecture and stunning<br />

waterfalls and landscaping.<br />

Firm believers that strong community is<br />

based on human connectivity, the Balls are<br />

especially proud of the aesthetic and recreation<br />

elements that punctuate the business and<br />

1 5 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

esidential areas. Residents and visitors are<br />

invited to take a leisurely stroll amidst the<br />

water features and trails or attend one of many<br />

events sponsored or hosted by Snake River<br />

Landing. For many of the events, Snake River<br />

Landing partners with various educational,<br />

charitable and not-for-profit organizations<br />

such as the Art Museum of Eastern Idaho,<br />

Eastern Idaho Technical College, the Greater<br />

Idaho Falls Chamber of Commerce and others.<br />

The Balls will continue the Greenbelt Trail,<br />

including Milligan Park and The Pier, a 4,000<br />

square foot pier overlooking the Snake River;<br />

two areas that became dedicated City of<br />

Idaho Falls space in 2008. In 2010 the Snake<br />

River Landing community was selected as<br />

the location of the Idaho Falls multipurpose<br />

event center. A longtime supporter of the<br />

idea, the Balls offered to donate more than<br />

twenty acres within the development for the<br />

anticipated facility.<br />

While considered the company’s flagship<br />

project, Snake River Landing is only one of<br />

many projects completed or underway for<br />

Ball Ventures, LLC. The company, a privatelyheld<br />

real estate investment, lending, and<br />

development company headquartered at<br />

901 Pier View Drive, Suite 201 within Snake<br />

River Landing, has a proven track record of<br />

successful ventures in twelve states across<br />

the nation. In 2012, it employed approximately<br />

thirty direct employees and up to 500 through<br />

the ownership of various operating companies.<br />

Developments have primarily focused on<br />

office and commercial space as well as hospitality<br />

facilities and include the Hilton Garden Inn<br />

in Idaho Falls, Rail Crossings Shopping Center<br />

in Pocatello, Idaho and Skyway Regional<br />

Shopping Center in Helena, Montana, just to<br />

name a few.<br />

To learn more, visit www.ballventures.com<br />

or www.snakeriverlanding.com.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Snake River Landing Pier<br />

ribbon cutting ceremony July 2008.<br />

Below: Ball Ventures corporate office<br />

building in Snake River Landing.<br />

B u i l d i n g a G r e a t e r B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ✦ 1 5 1

MORGAN<br />


INC.<br />

“At the end of the day, we want to make our<br />

customer’s dream property a reality and we<br />

strive to do that while spending less of their<br />

time and money,” says Matt Morgan, founder<br />

and president of Morgan Construction, Inc.—a<br />

Design Build-Value Engineering Contractor with<br />

locations in Boise and Idaho Falls.<br />

Established in 1989, this Idaho-based company<br />

originally specialized solely in the construction<br />

of high-end custom homes, but as its reputation<br />

grew, so did its offerings. In fact, before Morgan<br />

Construction could even celebrate its tenth birthday,<br />

it had already evolved into a true turnkey<br />

operation and, in 1997, officially adopted the title<br />

of Design Build-Value Engineering Contractor.<br />

“This business model, which combines the<br />

efforts of the contractor, the architect, engineers<br />

and specialists under one contract not only provides<br />

substantial savings for our clients, but it<br />

creates a lot less stress for them as well,” says<br />

Morgan, adding that his company completes in<br />

thirty to sixty days what takes four to six<br />

months using conventional approaches. “We<br />

strive to build complete trust from start to finish<br />

and are proud to have those who start out as<br />

clients end as valued friends.”<br />

Morgan Construction has designed, constructed,<br />

renovated or remodeled everything<br />

from large corporate offices, call centers and<br />

heavy equipment storage facilities to intricately-planned<br />

office park developments and more<br />

than 200 medical, dental and commercial<br />

buildings all across Southern Idaho. A thorough<br />

understanding of lease and lease-purchase<br />

programs further assists clients in discovering<br />

preferred locations for their projects and positive<br />

relationships with an extensive network of<br />

financial institutions can help them uncover the<br />

best lending deal possible.<br />

The recipient of multiple awards and the<br />

subject of a host of magazine features, the<br />

company stands behind its work with a 100<br />

percent guarantee. This has allowed Morgan<br />

Construction to withstand the ups and downs<br />

of the varying economy. The company is proud<br />

to call <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> its home and looks<br />

forward to future decades of success.<br />

Please visit www.morgan-construction.com<br />

for more information.<br />

1 5 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

Their business is gaining ground—in the<br />

most literal sense. Founded by two successful<br />

building contractors with a passion and vision<br />

for identifying, purchasing and readying<br />

land for future construction, Custom Land<br />

Development has spent almost a half century<br />

developing and improving Idaho Falls and<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>.<br />

Jack Jensen of Jack Jensen Construction and<br />

Richard “Dick” Skidmore of Skidmore, Inc., both<br />

started businesses in the 1950s before teaming<br />

up in 1965 to add land development to their<br />

menu of services. Their first purchase included<br />

seventy acres from longtime Idaho Falls resident<br />

Rose Nielsen who became the namesake for<br />

what is now an expansive 327 acre subdivision<br />

bordered by Seventeenth Street to the north,<br />

Sunnyside Road to the south, Hitt Road to the<br />

east and Woodruff Avenue to the west.<br />

Though their plans were to continue the<br />

development of residential neighborhoods and<br />

the occasional commercial property, an employee<br />

of the City of Idaho Falls had another idea.<br />

Having just returned from a seminar on the<br />

development of regional malls, the city engineer<br />

suggested that the company’s property on Hitt<br />

Road and Seventeenth Street would be a prime<br />

location for such a mall. Fully embracing the<br />

idea, the duo obtained commercial zoning and<br />

went to work on securing interest from potential<br />

anchors such as JCPenney as well as a purchaser<br />

who shared the vision. The Grand Teton Mall<br />

was built in 1984 and is today the centerpiece of<br />

a booming retail area.<br />

Jensen and Skidmore were both involved in<br />

other developments as well. Jensen, for example,<br />

was a partner in the development of the<br />

Idaho Falls Country Club Golf Course. He<br />

passed away in 1990, but his daughter Linda<br />

Hill immediately assumed his share of the<br />

company. She and Skidmore continue to grow<br />

the business today.<br />

Other developments in Skidmore’s portfolio<br />

include the 4,000-plus acre Comore Loma<br />

and Summerfield subdivisions in Idaho Falls;<br />

Fox Hollow in Ammon; and Deer Creek in<br />

Swan Valley. Current projects under development<br />

are Kingswood Subdivision in Idaho<br />

Falls. Skidmore is still active in the original<br />

Skidmore, Inc., which just recently celebrated<br />

its fifty-fourth anniversary. He proudly works<br />

alongside his sons Randy, Dave and Brett,<br />

in designing and constructing custom homes<br />

and commercial buildings. They also lease<br />

commercial properties and office space.<br />



B u i l d i n g a G r e a t e r B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ✦ 1 5 3



LLC<br />

Established in April 2009, Eagle Rock<br />

Specialties, LLC, in Idaho Falls is a<br />

wholesale distributor of industrial supplies.<br />

Day or night, the company stands ready<br />

with useful and in-demand parts such as<br />

high strength fasteners, pipe and piping<br />

products, plumbing items, valves, gauges,<br />

instrumentation, actuation, lab supplies,<br />

pumps, railroad and automotive supplies,<br />

raw metals safety supplies and equipment,<br />

gaskets, fire equipment and supplies as well<br />

as air and water filtration supplies.<br />

“If we do not have<br />

what a client needs in our<br />

warehouse, chances are<br />

we have the connections<br />

to get it, no matter how<br />

rare or hard to find,” said<br />

Owner and President Mike<br />

Hendrickson. “On top of<br />

that, we have time definite<br />

delivery options and offer<br />

same day deliveries on<br />

most anything from anywhere<br />

in the country.”<br />

Though Eagle Rock Specialties, LLC, itself<br />

was not established until 2009, its foundation<br />

started more than two decades ago when<br />

Hendrickson began working in the industrial<br />

supply field and then decided that he could<br />

better serve his customers with his own<br />

business. He pulled his family together and<br />

they launched Eagle Rock Specialties, LLC—<br />

his wife Bonnie, son Tony and daughter<br />

Ashley Quiroz as co-owners.<br />

“At Eagle Rock Specialties, we understand<br />

the importance of ‘up-time’; of keeping the job<br />

or piece of equipment up and running,”<br />

Hendrickson says. “Our mission is to help<br />

our client’s minimized costly and frustrating<br />

down-time by supplying the parts they need to<br />

meet their own business goals and demands.”<br />

Primary clients served by Eagle Rock<br />

Specialties, LLC, include Idaho National Lab,<br />

the City of Idaho Falls and other government<br />

agencies, Yellowstone and Glacier National<br />

Parks and a host of industrial contractors<br />

from the Idaho Falls area in addition to a<br />

major industrial contracting firm in Hawaii.<br />

Eagle Rock Specialties, LLC, is in business<br />

to keep other businesses running.<br />

For more information on Eagle Rock<br />

Specialties, LLC, call 208-523-0283 or visit<br />

online at www.eaglerockspecialties.com.<br />

1 5 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y



INC.<br />

The potato—in all its delicious forms—has<br />

become a staple of the American diet. Idaho<br />

Steel Products specializes in manufacturing<br />

stainless steel food processing equipment for<br />

the potato processing industry, so the next time<br />

you enjoy a tater tot you can thank the Idaho<br />

Steel equipment that made it possible.<br />

The Lortz family founded the business in<br />

Idaho Falls in 1918 and Don Lortz and his<br />

company were instrumental in development<br />

of the potato processing industry. One of<br />

the key developments during this ownership<br />

was the rotary former, which is used throughout<br />

the world to produce tater tots, hash<br />

brown patties and other shapes and flavors of<br />

formed potatoes.<br />

Much of the equipment designed and manufactured<br />

by Idaho Steel is still in operation<br />

decades later, a tribute to the skill and care that<br />

goes into the creation of each product.<br />

In 1991, Idaho Steel was sold to Lynn<br />

Bradshaw, a local businessman from Shelley with<br />

experience in potato dehydration. Bradshaw saw<br />

a need for an improved drum dryer for the<br />

industry and his idea for a larger, all stainless<br />

steel drum revolutionized the industry and<br />

opened up new opportunities for the company.<br />

Also during this period, Idaho Steel became a<br />

specialist in potato flake equipment.<br />

Bradshaw also took the company international,<br />

forging a strategic partnership with<br />

Kiremko, a firm in Holland.<br />

Bradshaw retired in 2008 and sold the business<br />

to his sons, Delynn Bradshaw and Alan<br />

Bradshaw, and son-in-law Davis Christensen.<br />

Under their leadership, Idaho Steel purchased<br />

Reyco Systems of Boise and strengthened its ties<br />

with Kiremko.<br />

Idaho Steel Products, including Reyco,<br />

currently employs 165 people and produces<br />

annual revenues of $35 million. Its loyal<br />

customer base includes the top names in the<br />

potato industry worldwide.<br />

Idaho Steel has long been a supporter of<br />

the Eastern Idaho Technical College and also<br />

supports its employees and their causes.<br />

For additional information about Idaho Steel<br />

Products, Inc., visit www.idahosteel.com.<br />

B u i l d i n g a G r e a t e r B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ✦ 1 5 5



✧<br />

Below: Idaho Falls LEED Platinum<br />

Apartment project. Pictured from left<br />

to right: Jason, Malia, Lynden, Janice,<br />

Julie and Justin Kunde.<br />

With a great passion for the construction<br />

industry and a desire to bring true quality to<br />

every project, Lynden Kunde has built Pacific<br />

West Construction (PWC) in Idaho Falls into<br />

a family-owned and operated business with a<br />

solid foundation.<br />

“And that foundation is our dedication to<br />

quality and our customer’s complete satisfaction,”<br />

says Kunde. “We love and demand quality<br />

for our customers and it is our one goal for every<br />

project we take on.”<br />

Being a true family business, Kunde’s sons,<br />

Jason and Justin, are both following in their<br />

father’s footsteps. Having grown up around<br />

and worked in the construction industry all<br />

their lives, they have become an integral part<br />

of the company alongside their father. Both<br />

serve as project managers running office<br />

operations and working closely with their core<br />

members in the field.<br />

Pacific West Construction was founded in<br />

1989 when Kunde—at the time a highlyregarded<br />

and respected estimator in Idaho<br />

Falls—began to recognize the demand for a<br />

contractor Dedicated to Quality. Though work<br />

was scarce at first, the PWC reputation grew<br />

quickly. Today, PWC has completed more than<br />

$200 million worth of work on a broad range of<br />

projects to include hospitals, churches, lodges,<br />

libraries, schools, hotels, multifamily dwellings<br />

and magnificent custom log homes.<br />

The company’s flagship project as a custom<br />

builder was Flagg Ranch Resort Lodge—a<br />

breath-taking resort in northwestern Wyoming.<br />

This project further fueled Pacific West’s reputation<br />

and popularity throughout Wyoming,<br />

Idaho, and Montana making custom-built,<br />

multimillion dollar homes<br />

and residential developments<br />

the company’s specialty.<br />

The past two years<br />

they have been involved in<br />

remodeling and preserving<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Downtown Idaho<br />

Falls, including the Earl<br />

Building, Pachangas, and<br />

Idahoan. They have taken<br />

an active approach specializing<br />

in Leadership in<br />

Energy and Environmental<br />

Design or LEED development<br />

projects, building<br />

two multifamily projects<br />

in Idaho Falls and having<br />

received the highest<br />

award of LEED Platinum<br />

Certification, making them<br />

Idaho’s first LEED developer.<br />

They continue to be a<br />

leader in this field.<br />

For more information on<br />

Pacific West Construction,<br />

call 208-525-2645 or visit<br />

www.pwcquality.com.<br />

1 5 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y




AND<br />


With his finger on the pulse of the Eastern<br />

Idaho real estate market since 2001, Principal<br />

Broker and Owner Shane Murphy has made<br />

Venture One Properties the area’s leading<br />

provider for commercial real estate.<br />

By fully understanding the market, knowing<br />

how to coordinate multimarket expansions, dispositions<br />

and investment properties, cultivating<br />

relationships with and between property owners,<br />

major tenants, and government agencies,<br />

Venture One is essentially a one-stop-shop for<br />

clients locating in Eastern Idaho—clients such<br />

as Red Robin, UPS, Gold’s Gym, Walgreens and<br />

GSA. The company specializes in local retail,<br />

industrial, professional office, investment and<br />

land development transactions; is an avid supporter<br />

and member of Grow Idaho Falls, Inc.,<br />

Eastern Idaho’s economic development council,<br />

ICSC International Council of Shopping Centers<br />

and other local and national associations; and<br />

also manages multimillion dollar retail and office<br />

land projects in Pocatello and Idaho Falls as well.<br />

For more information on Venture One<br />

Properties, call 208-542-7979 or visit online at<br />

www.ventureoneproperties.com.<br />

Recognizing that specialty coffee was fast<br />

becoming one of the hottest commodities in the<br />

food service market, entrepreneur and Chief<br />

Executive Officer Shane Murphy founded Java<br />

Espress ® —a drive-thru coffee beverage chain—<br />

in 1993 in Idaho Falls.<br />

In 2004, Juice Jungle was added to the mix to<br />

serve up gourmet fresh fruit smoothies, and today<br />

the combined business—Java Espress ® and Juice<br />

Jungle ® —have proven to be “The Perfect Blend,”<br />

the perfect blend of Specialty Coffee Blends as well<br />

as the perfect addition of real fresh fruit and coffee<br />

smoothies. With its unique building design, flow,<br />

recipes second to none, and the continued development<br />

of products and efficiency, it has not only<br />

become one of the most successful drive-thru gourmet<br />

beverage establishments in Idaho, but is also<br />

developing franchise opportunities for others to be<br />

successful branching out into six western states.<br />

The Java Espress ® and Juice Jungle ® franchise<br />

opportunity has been developed and is offered by<br />

Murphy and parent company, KoolBeanz, Inc.<br />

For more information, call (208) 529-4552<br />

or visit online at www.javaespress.com and<br />

http://www.facebook.com/JavaEspress.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Shane Murphy.<br />

B u i l d i n g a G r e a t e r B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ✦ 1 5 7



✧<br />

Above: Doug, Dick and Jeff Wheeler.<br />

Below: Current office building in<br />

Idaho Falls, Idaho.<br />

If there was ever a business wired for success,<br />

it is most certainly Wheeler Electric, Inc. in<br />

Idaho Falls, Idaho.<br />

Founded by John Richard “Dick” Wheeler a<br />

half century ago, Wheeler Electric is, in fact,<br />

Eastern Idaho’s largest electrical contracting<br />

firm. A new, but talented electrician, Dick<br />

Wheeler started out in 1962 with little more<br />

than a dream and plenty of encouragement,<br />

particularly from neighbor, friend and former<br />

Department of Energy coworker Vic Owens.<br />

His first contract earned him a whopping $450<br />

for wiring a small<br />

post office in Arco,<br />

Idaho, and his second<br />

contract—a remodeling<br />

job for a local<br />

junior high school—<br />

not only earned him<br />

more than $14,000,<br />

but also ignited a<br />

momentum of electrifying<br />

magnitude<br />

that continues today.<br />

Wheeler Electric<br />

provides award-winning services to a broad range<br />

of clients—from residential to multimillion dollar<br />

commercial and industrial projects, not just in<br />

Idaho Falls, but throughout the state and nation.<br />

Indeed, whether hooking up a clothes dryer,<br />

working on a 290 foot tall windmill, installing<br />

the lights that illuminate the streets or a ball<br />

field such as Idaho Falls’ own Melaleuca Field;<br />

whether wiring a luxury ski resort or other commercial<br />

property or institutional facility, such<br />

as BYU-I Manwaring Center or ISU Stephens<br />

Performing Arts Center; whether performing<br />

highly technical work at a malting plant,<br />

Wheeler Electric tackles every job the same—<br />

with experience, pride, excellent workmanship<br />

and a commitment to customer service. It is<br />

no wonder that annual revenues are consistently<br />

in the eight digit range despite characteristic<br />

fluctuations in the construction industry.<br />

A true family business, Wheeler’s wife,<br />

LaRae, spent many years taking care of the<br />

company’s books and both of their sons also<br />

joined their parents in the business—Doug in<br />

1978 and Jeff just one year later. Today, yet a<br />

third generation of Wheelers are moving up<br />

the ranks, with Jeff’s sons Jeremy and Cody<br />

and Doug’s son Josh all learning the ropes. In<br />

addition to biological family, Wheeler Electric<br />

also has an extended family of dedicated<br />

employees—a dozen office employees and<br />

approximately ninety electricians—many of<br />

who have worked alongside the Wheelers for<br />

more than two decades.<br />

Please visit www.wheelerelectric.com for<br />

more information.<br />

1 5 8 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

NBW<br />


P.A.<br />

NBW Architects, P.A., a full-service architectural<br />

firm, was established more than fifty years<br />

ago by Architect Max L. Call, who opened his<br />

practice in a small office on Second Street in<br />

Idaho Falls. Call then designed a new office on<br />

John Adams Parkway that remains the firm’s<br />

location today.<br />

Originally established in 1959 as a sole proprietorship,<br />

the firm incorporated in 1980 with<br />

long-time associates Scott L. Nielson and Kevin<br />

R. Bodily joining Call in ownership of the firm.<br />

Call retired from active practice in December<br />

1993, and the firm became Nielson Bodily and<br />

Associates, P.A. in January 1995. James H. Wyatt<br />

joined the firm in 2003 and, in 2009; the name<br />

was changed to NBW Architects, P.A.<br />

NBW Architects, P.A., has an outstanding<br />

reputation for design and has been involved in<br />

many fine building projects in the region,<br />

including new buildings, additions and remodeling<br />

projects of various sizes for schools,<br />

business offices, churches and institutional<br />

organizations. The firm’s emphasis is on strong<br />

client relationships and sound, conservative<br />

design. The firm’s objectives for each project are<br />

to be within budget, within schedule, to be<br />

functional and to be aesthetically pleasing.<br />

NBW projects have included Kenworth Sales<br />

Company in Salt Lake City, Melaleuca Field,<br />

Bank of Commerce, Sunrise Elementary School<br />

New Rigby High School and the Stephens<br />

Performing Arts Center at Idaho State University.<br />

NBW has completed projects for most of the<br />

school districts in the area, Idaho State<br />

University and BYU-Idaho. Over the years, NBW<br />

Architects have worked on about every LDS<br />

church and school building in <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong><br />

and throughout south east Idaho.<br />

The firm currently employs twelve people<br />

including an interior designer and several<br />

licensed architects.<br />

For more information about NBW Architects,<br />

P.A., visit www.nbwarchitects.com.<br />

✧<br />

Above: Melaleuca Field.<br />

Below: NBW projects include<br />

The Broadway Branch of The Bank<br />

of Commerce.<br />

B u i l d i n g a G r e a t e r B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ✦ 1 5 9

D.V. GROBERG<br />

✧<br />

Above: Delbert and Jennie Groberg.<br />

Delbert V. Groberg started his company in<br />

downtown Idaho Falls in 1929 at the age of<br />

twenty-three, one year before he married his<br />

wife of seventy-four years, Jennie Holbrook. He<br />

started out in insurance, but then branched<br />

out into real estate development and became a<br />

pioneer in real estate appraising.<br />

Born in Idaho Falls<br />

in 1906, Groberg was<br />

orphaned just three<br />

years later and—<br />

although relatives in<br />

Utah took him in with<br />

open arms—Idaho was<br />

always his home. He<br />

returned to <strong>Bonneville</strong><br />

<strong>County</strong> in 1928, both<br />

to raise his family as<br />

well as help build up<br />

the community.<br />

With boundless energy<br />

and interest in<br />

growing and enriching<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>,<br />

Groberg was instrumental<br />

in bringing Idaho<br />

National Laboratory<br />

(INL) and helped found<br />

the KID Broadcasting<br />

Corporation, the Land Title Company and the<br />

Bank of Commerce in Idaho Falls, as well as<br />

many real estate projects. He served as president<br />

or chairman of various local organizations<br />

and his wife, Jennie, served in many school,<br />

community and music organizations.<br />

Groberg also chaired many committees that<br />

established Idaho Falls as a leader in patriotic<br />

activities. As a matter of fact, during the<br />

Bicentennial of the U. S. Constitution, radio<br />

commentator Paul Harvey announced on the<br />

air that “<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> in Idaho is a place<br />

to go for a major celebration” and the Idaho 7th<br />

District Bar Association chose Groberg for their<br />

Liberty Bell award.<br />

And even though he was blessed financially,<br />

Groberg never strove to become wealthy. He<br />

shared liberally and always encouraged others<br />

to invest in the area to make <strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong><br />

a great place to raise a family. He and Jennie<br />

truly loved the Idaho Falls valley and the many<br />

friends they made there. They presided over the<br />

Idaho Falls Temple and reared eleven children,<br />

seven of whom returned to Idaho Falls to work<br />

and raise families of their own.<br />

Passing along his love for community to his<br />

family, Groberg had a son who served for many<br />

years on the Idaho Falls City council and,<br />

today, three of his sons own and three of his<br />

grandsons work in the business that he started<br />

more than eight decades ago. Presently, the<br />

business concentrates on real estate developments<br />

and financial management.<br />

1 6 0 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

HOLST<br />


When a young Ted Holst hopped a Seattlebound<br />

freight train in the early 1930s just so he<br />

could attend mechanical school, no one knew<br />

that the business he would return to Idaho Falls<br />

to build would still be alive, well and growing<br />

some eight decades later.<br />

Founded by Holst in 1932—a time when the<br />

Great Depression had the nation gridlocked—<br />

Holst Truck Parts started out as a shop from<br />

which the young mechanic built and repaired<br />

farm machinery from salvaged cars and trucks.<br />

Raw materials were scarce and struggling farmers<br />

depended on Holst for their equipment needs.<br />

They depended on him so much, in fact, that<br />

when he was drafted into World War II, they<br />

complained until he was granted a deferment.<br />

After the war, when Holst realized that people<br />

seemed more interested in the spare parts he<br />

had thrown out behind the shop, he turned the<br />

business focus to vehicle parts. And, in the early<br />

1970s—just before he decided to retire and turn<br />

the business over to his son—pick-ups and<br />

trucks were added to the company’s specialties.<br />

Though fresh out of high school when he<br />

took over, Jon Holst had already been working<br />

alongside his parents for many years and, in<br />

1975, he and his wife, Shauna, also the company<br />

bookkeeper, officially bought the business.<br />

Together, they grew the company as well as their<br />

family. They had six children, four of which were<br />

boys who all gladly joined the family business.<br />

Today, Christopher, Jon Casey, Dennis and<br />

Michael Holst all still work in the business,<br />

which not only includes Holst Truck Parts,<br />

but also Holst Collision Center, Inc., a division<br />

added in 2009. With twenty-six employees on<br />

the payroll, the company specializes in selling<br />

new, used and rebuilt truck and pickup parts<br />

as well as trucks and trailers for a diversified<br />

clientele such as farmers, ranchers, truckers,<br />

city maintenance departments, school districts<br />

and oil and natural gas companies. In addition<br />

to the parts and collision center operations, the<br />

Holst umbrella also includes full service truck<br />

and transmission repair shops and specializes in<br />

the sale and installation of vacuum and crude oil<br />

pumps as well as in the sale of vacuum trailers.<br />

For more, visit www.holsttruck.com.<br />

HOLST<br />


CENTER, INC.<br />

B u i l d i n g a G r e a t e r B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ✦ 1 6 1

J. R. SIMPLOT<br />


✧<br />

Right: J. R. Simplot, who loved<br />

promoting Idaho and its signature<br />

product, posed for this 1944<br />

photograph as part of a publicity<br />

campaign. He established potato<br />

fresh-pack operations at places all<br />

along the Snake River, including<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>. J. R. passed away<br />

in 2008, but the memory of his life<br />

and legacy will endure, thanks in part<br />

to pictures like this and many other<br />

shots of him that were published over<br />

the years.<br />

J. R. “Jack” Simplot left his Declo, Idaho, home<br />

at age fourteen in 1923 to start what would<br />

become one of the largest privately held food<br />

and agribusiness companies in the United States.<br />

As part of his business ventures during the<br />

early years, Jack opened a string of potato freshpack<br />

sheds all along the Snake River, including<br />

one at Idaho Falls in the 1930s.<br />

In the late 1940s, he opened a Simplot<br />

Soilbuilder retail store in Idaho Falls, making it<br />

one of the first units in a burgeoning organization<br />

that was designed to sell the products being produced<br />

at the new Simplot fertilizer manufacturing<br />

plant in Pocatello. In the late 1980s, the Idaho<br />

Falls store and another unit that had been started<br />

years earlier in Roberts were consolidated into a<br />

new Soilbuilder operation in Osgood. That unit<br />

is still in business today and the organization<br />

has been renamed Simplot Grower Solutions.<br />

In 1989, Simplot dramatically expanded its<br />

potato operations by acquiring Idaho Falls<br />

Bonded Produce and Supply Company, one of<br />

Idaho’s largest fresh packers. That business<br />

was sold in 2002 as Simplot cut back on its<br />

involvement in fresh pack, but the company is<br />

still big in potatoes. Simplot produces and sells<br />

about 3 billion pounds of fries and formed<br />

potato products as well as more than a<br />

thousand other specialty food items.<br />

Worldwide, Simplot employs 10,000 people<br />

and does business in 14 countries on 4 continents.<br />

Annual revenue in fiscal 2012 was $5.6<br />

billion. The company’s headquarters building is<br />

located in Boise, with major operations in North<br />

America, Australia, New Zealand, and China.<br />

The firm specializes in food processing, fertilizer<br />

manufacturing, livestock production, farming,<br />

and other enterprises related to agriculture.<br />

The Simplot pillars—Passion for People, Spirit<br />

of Innovation, and Respect for Resources—are<br />

as relevant today as they were when young Jack<br />

Simplot started his journey toward remarkable<br />

success. As stated in the company mission<br />

statement, Simplot is committed to Bringing<br />

Earth’s Resources to Life.<br />

Visit www.simplot.com for more information.<br />

1 6 2 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y

At Industrial Supply, we do so much more<br />

than offer supplies. We reduce costs. We keep<br />

you stocked with materials that improve your<br />

productivity and increase your return on<br />

investment. We bring you specialized services<br />

and expert training. We do whatever it takes to<br />

help you tool your business for success.<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> Industrial Supply Company (BISCO)<br />

has been in the general industrial supply business<br />

since 1964. After beginning operations on<br />

a small scale, the Idaho Falls store has been<br />

able to grow steadily through decades of up<br />

and down economies. We believe our ability to<br />

provide consistent service, react to market<br />

changes quickly, and meet customers needs and<br />

requirements have been an essential asset to<br />

our growth. In 1986 we built a 30,000 square<br />

foot store, warehouse, and office complex in<br />

Idaho Falls, Idaho. We have branch operations<br />

in Soda Springs, Pocatello and Boise, Idaho.<br />

BISCO is an established and well financed<br />

corporation. All of our facilities maintain similar<br />

inventories, solicit the same type of trade,<br />

and provide excellent backup inventories.<br />

Through our history we have been confronted<br />

with numerous changes in the industry. The<br />

end result has improved our efficiency and ability<br />

to provide customers with a system adapted<br />

to fit their needs. The BISCO Online Store<br />

(www.biscoif.com) is our latest addition to meet<br />


these needs. The Online Store is integrated into<br />

our Idaho Falls computer system to provide<br />

pricing and availability in the various branch<br />

locations. We are beginning the Online Store<br />

inventories with several thousand selected items<br />

and will be making additions to the Online<br />

Store almost on a daily basis. We currently have<br />

over 45,000 inventory line items available in the<br />

four Idaho stores and are always willing to help<br />

wherever we can. Please contact us directly at<br />

208-523-6220 if you cannot locate what you are<br />

looking for on the BISCO Online Store.<br />

B u i l d i n g a G r e a t e r B o n n e v i l l e C o u n t y ✦ 1 6 3



Though the country was still in the grips of<br />

the Great Depression with almost twenty<br />

percent of Americans unemployed, Doug and<br />

Veatrice Andrus were determined to make their<br />

own way and in 1937 launched a company<br />

that would not only see them through the lean<br />

years, but would become a legacy that would<br />

provide for future generations of family to come<br />

as well.<br />

Celebrating its seventy-fifth anniversary in<br />

2012, Doug Andrus Distributing—for-hire<br />

trucking company headquartered at 6300<br />

South Forty-Fifth West in Idaho Falls, Idaho—<br />

was first passed from Doug and Veatrice to<br />

sons, Heber and Doug, Jr., when the two purchased<br />

the business and its six trucks in the<br />

mid-1970s. The brothers immediately adopted<br />

their parents’ philosophy that “hard work,<br />

integrity and being surrounded by quality<br />

people could bring success<br />

even in the toughest<br />

of times” and, as a result,<br />

grew the company substantially.<br />

In 2006, Doug<br />

Andrus, Jr., retired, selling<br />

his share of the business<br />

to his son-in-law Clay<br />

Murdoch and Heber’s son,<br />

Jason Andrus. Andrus, Jr.,<br />

has since passed away,<br />

but Clay and Jason continue<br />

to run the company<br />

alongside Heber.<br />

And, like those whose<br />

footsteps they follow, these<br />

second and third generation<br />

family members,<br />

proudly stand behind the<br />

company motto “Always<br />

Ready to Serve You” which the founding<br />

Andrus’ established more than three-quarters<br />

of a century ago. It is this dedication to service<br />

excellence that has resulted in a host of awards<br />

for outstanding service and safety over the years<br />

as well as continuing growth.<br />

Doug Andrus Distributing today employs<br />

300 people and boasts a vast fleet of 270 trucks<br />

and 470 trailers, including both refrigerated<br />

and dry van trailers as well as flatbed and bulk<br />

trailers. It offers its truck transportation services<br />

throughout the forty-eight states and western<br />

Canada and additionally specializes in providing<br />

and delivering a host of salt products<br />

from bulk road and water conditioning salts to<br />

food-grade, agricultural and livestock salts.<br />

For more information on Doug Andrus<br />

Distributing, call toll-free at (800) 336-1034 or<br />

visit online at www.dougandrusdistributing.com.<br />

1 6 4 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


American Legion Post 56..............................................................................................................................................................95<br />

Anheuser-Busch Idaho Barley and Malting Operations................................................................................................................140<br />

B&B Custom, Inc. ......................................................................................................................................................................138<br />

Ball Ventures, LLC......................................................................................................................................................................150<br />

Bill’s Bike Shop...........................................................................................................................................................................121<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> Industrial Supply Co., Inc. ........................................................................................................................................163<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> Joint School District No. 93 ........................................................................................................................................92<br />

C-A-L Farm & Ranch Stores.......................................................................................................................................................128<br />

Candlewood Suites.....................................................................................................................................................................114<br />

Carpet One Floor & Home/Westergard Moving and Storage .......................................................................................................112<br />

Chesbro Music Company............................................................................................................................................................116<br />

Colonial Theater.........................................................................................................................................................................104<br />

Cornerstone Financial Advisors ..................................................................................................................................................126<br />

Cox, Ohman & Brandstetter, Chartered......................................................................................................................................132<br />

Creekside Home Health & Hospice/Encompass..........................................................................................................................100<br />

Custom Land Development ........................................................................................................................................................153<br />

Development Workshop, Inc. .....................................................................................................................................................102<br />

Doug Andrus Distributing ..........................................................................................................................................................164<br />

D. V. Groberg .............................................................................................................................................................................160<br />

Eagle Rock Specialties, LLC ........................................................................................................................................................154<br />

East Idaho Credit Union.............................................................................................................................................................120<br />

Eastern Idaho Regional Medical Center.......................................................................................................................................101<br />

Eastern Idaho Technical College ...................................................................................................................................................90<br />

Fairwinds-Sandcreek Retirement Community ...............................................................................................................................98<br />

Grow Idaho Falls, Inc.................................................................................................................................................................119<br />

HK Contractors, Inc. ..................................................................................................................................................................142<br />

Holst Truck Parts/Holst Collision Center, Inc..............................................................................................................................161<br />

Idaho Falls Power/City of Idaho Falls Electric Light Division......................................................................................................136<br />

Idaho Falls School District #91.....................................................................................................................................................96<br />

Idaho Falls Symphony................................................................................................................................................................105<br />

Idaho National Laboratory..........................................................................................................................................................144<br />

Idaho Steel Products, Inc............................................................................................................................................................155<br />

InteGrow MaltTM LLC ...............................................................................................................................................................108<br />

Johnson Brothers Planing Mill, Inc. ............................................................................................................................................146<br />

J. R. Simplot Company ...............................................................................................................................................................162<br />

Merrill-Lynch Idaho Falls Branch Office .....................................................................................................................................130<br />

Morgan Construction, Inc...........................................................................................................................................................152<br />

NBW Architects, P.A. ..................................................................................................................................................................159<br />

Nelson Hall Parry Tucker, P.A. ....................................................................................................................................................124<br />

North American Brewer’s Association..........................................................................................................................................131<br />

North Hi-Way Café.....................................................................................................................................................................122<br />

Pacific West Construction...........................................................................................................................................................156<br />

Peak Performance Therapy Services............................................................................................................................................103<br />

The Bank of Commerce ..............................................................................................................................................................123<br />

The Cellar Restaurant .................................................................................................................................................................118<br />

The Greater Idaho Falls Chamber of Commerce .........................................................................................................................129<br />

The Legacy Network...................................................................................................................................................................127<br />

The Watkins Company ...............................................................................................................................................................148<br />

Tobin Cleaning & Restoration ....................................................................................................................................................125<br />

Venture One Properties/Java Espress ® and Juice Jungle ® ...........................................................................................................157<br />

War Bonnet Rodeo .......................................................................................................................................................................94<br />

Wheeler Electric, Inc. .................................................................................................................................................................158<br />

S p o n s o r s ✦ 1 6 5


M A R Y J A N E F R I T Z E N<br />

Finding others interested in passing along our heritage to younger generations, the author, Mary Jane Fritzen, organized the<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong> Heritage Association in 2004. BCHA partnered with the county commission to celebrate the centennial of<br />

<strong>Bonneville</strong> <strong>County</strong>–1911-2011. Ann Rydalch, who chaired the year’s end celebration, continued in 2012 as BCHA board chair.<br />

Born in Idaho Falls to Delbert V. and Jennie Holbrook Groberg, Mary Jane grew up with the city during the 1930s. Her dad had<br />

been born in Idaho Falls and her mother in Provo, Utah. Mary Jane graduated from Idaho Falls High School, Brigham Young<br />

University in Provo, and University of Utah (MA). She worked for the Church News department of Deseret News in Salt Lake City<br />

and taught school in Salt Lake City and Idaho Falls. She was married to Achim Fritzen, a native German school teacher at Skyline<br />

High School in Idaho Falls. Their two daughters, Anny and Rosalee, now live in Spokane, Washington, and Sandpoint, Idaho.<br />

Her interest in local history was generated as she assisted her father in the 1980s to write a history of the Idaho Falls LDS Temple.<br />

She has written several family histories and local histories.<br />

1 6 6 ✦ H I S T O R I C B O N N E V I L L E C O U N T Y


S C O T T<br />

M O S S<br />

Born and raised in Southeastern Idaho, Scott Moss, photo editor, has been an avid outdoorsman and has been photographing the<br />

scenes and wildlife as a hobbyist for the last twenty plus years.<br />

A b o u t t h e P h o t o E d i t o r ✦ 1 6 7

For more information about the following publications or about publishing your own book, please call<br />

<strong>Historic</strong>al Publishing Network at 800-749-9790 or visit www.hpnbooks.com.<br />

Albemarle & Charlottesville:<br />

An Illustrated History of the First 150 Years<br />

Black Gold: The Story of Texas Oil & Gas<br />

Ector <strong>County</strong>, Texas: 125 Years of History<br />

Garland: A Contemporary History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Abilene: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Alamance <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Albuquerque: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Amarillo: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Anchorage: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Austin: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Baldwin <strong>County</strong>: A Bicentennial History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Baton Rouge: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Beaufort <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Beaumont: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Bexar <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Birmingham: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Brazoria <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Brownsville: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Charlotte:<br />

An Illustrated History of Charlotte and Mecklenburg <strong>County</strong><br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Chautauqua <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Cheyenne: A History of the Magic City<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Clayton <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Columbus: A Bicentennial History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Comal <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Corpus Christi: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> DeKalb <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Denton <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Edmond: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> El Paso: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Erie <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Fayette <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Fairbanks: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Gainesville & Hall <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Gregg <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Hampton Roads: Where America Began<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Hancock <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Henry <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Hood <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Houston: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Hunt <strong>County</strong>: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Illinois: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Kern <strong>County</strong>:<br />

An Illustrated History of Bakersfield and Kern <strong>County</strong><br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Lafayette:<br />

An Illustrated History of Lafayette & Lafayette Parish<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Laredo:<br />

An Illustrated History of Laredo & Webb <strong>County</strong><br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Las Cruces: The Story of Las Cruces & The Mesilla Valley<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Lee <strong>County</strong>: The Story of Fort Myers & Lee <strong>County</strong><br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Louisiana: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Mansfield: A Bicentennial History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Midland: An Illustrated History<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Mobile:<br />

An Illustrated History of the Mobile Bay Region<br />

<strong>Historic</strong> Montgomery <strong>County</strong>:<br />

An Illustrated History of Montgomery <strong>County</strong