Know the facts about
What is heart disease?
Each year, more than 600,000 Americans
die of heart disease. It is the leading cause
of death in the United States. The term
“heart disease” refers to several types of
heart conditions. Coronary artery disease
(CAD), when a substance called plaque
builds up in your arteries, is the most
common. Other kinds of heart disease
involve the valves in the heart or make
the heart unable to pump well.
Are you at risk?
Anyone, including children, can develop
heart disease. Factors that contribute to
• Eating an unhealthy diet
• Not getting enough exercise
• Having high cholesterol
• Having high blood pressure
• Having diabetes
How is heart disease diagnosed?
Your doctor can perform several tests
to diagnose heart disease, including
chest X-rays, coronary angiograms,
electrocardiograms and exercise stress tests.
How is heart disease treated?
If you have heart disease, lifestyle changes
can lower your risk for complications. Your
doctor also may prescribe medication to
treat the disease.
If you think
is having a
What are the signs and symptoms?
Symptoms of heart disease vary depending
on the type of heart disease. For many people,
chest discomfort or a heart attack are the first
signs. Someone having a heart attack may
experience several symptoms, including:
• Chest pain or discomfort that doesn’t go
away after a few minutes.
• Pain or discomfort in the jaw, neck or back.
• Shortness of breath.
• Pain or discomfort in the arms or shoulder.
• Weakness, light-headedness, nausea (feeling
sick to your stomach), or a cold sweat.
Can heart disease be prevented?
You can reduce your risk of heart disease:
• Don’t smoke.
• Maintain a healthy weight.
• Eat a healthy diet.
• Exercise regularly.
• Prevent or treat your other health
conditions, especially high blood pressure,
high cholesterol and diabetes.
Meet Our Case Manager
Kim Booth, RN, BSN,CCM
“I help our
about the tools
that are available
Kim, a BlueAdvantage
Arkansas case manager,
has eight years of
nursing experience in
oncology. Kim’s goal
is to provide each
member she talks to
with the resources
and educational tools
they need to optimize
their health care
benefits. She enjoys
telling members that
case management is
available to them, and
then being available to
help them when they
need it. When she isn’t
at work, Kim is boating,
gardening or cooking.