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Lot’s <strong>Wife</strong><br />


ISSUE SIX - <strong>2015</strong>

What’s more<br />

brilliant then a<br />

Monash degree?<br />

Writing for Lot’s <strong>Wife</strong>!<br />

We’ll publish anyone.<br />

Lot’s <strong>Wife</strong> is a student-run<br />

publication, written by people<br />

just like you.<br />

If you’re a writer, artist, cartoonist,<br />

illustrator, or just a plain-old narcissist,<br />

we want to publish you! (First timers welcome)<br />

Drop by the Lot’s Office on the 1st<br />

floor of Campus Center, or send an<br />

email to: msa-lotswife@monash.edu

Monash Student Association (Clayton) Incorporated<br />


Monday 21 September - Thursday 25 September <strong>2015</strong><br />


Nominations for the following positions will open at<br />

9am on Wednesday 19 August <strong>2015</strong> and close at<br />

5pm on Friday 28 August <strong>2015</strong>.<br />

Positions to be elected<br />

Office Bearer positions:<br />

President<br />

Treasurer<br />

Secretary<br />

Disabilities and Carers Officer<br />

Education (Academic Affairs) Officer<br />

Education (Public Affairs) Officer<br />

Welfare Officer<br />

Women’s Officer<br />

Male Queer Officer<br />

Female Queer Officer<br />

Environment & Social Justice Officer<br />

Indigenous Officer<br />

Activities Officer<br />

Lot’s <strong>Wife</strong> Editor/s<br />

Monash Student Council and Committees:<br />

Monash Student Council (5 General Representatives)<br />

Women’s Affairs Collective (5 Members)<br />

Student Affairs Committee (10 Members)<br />

National Union of Students:<br />

7 Delegate positions<br />

These elections are conducted using optional preferential<br />

voting, and in accordance with other provisions as required<br />

under the MSA Election Regulations (eg. only women can vote<br />

for the Women’s Officer position).<br />

Nomination forms will be available at the MSA office, or by<br />

telephoning or writing to MSA, or via the internet at www.msa.<br />

monash.edu/elections<br />

Nominations open at 9am on Wednesday 19 August and<br />

close at 5pm Friday 28 August <strong>2015</strong>.<br />

Copies of the regulations governing the election are<br />

available from the MSA office or via the internet at<br />

www.msa.monash.edu/elections<br />

All students wishing to register for SMS and email alerts of<br />

matters relating to the elections should email their contact<br />

details to the Returning Officer from their student email<br />

account.<br />

Voting<br />

Polling for the MSA elections will be 21 – 24 September<br />

<strong>2015</strong>, with the polling times and places as follows:<br />

The main polling place will be open in the Campus Centre<br />

foyer<br />

Monday 21 September<br />

Tuesday 22 September<br />

Wednesday 23 September<br />

Thursday 24 September<br />

foyer<br />

Monday 21 September<br />

Thursday 24 September<br />

9.30am – 4.30pm<br />

9.30am – 6.00pm<br />

9.30am – 4.30pm<br />

9.30pm – 4.30pm<br />

Remote polling will be open in the Hargrave-Andrew Library<br />

11.30am – 2.30pm<br />

11.30am – 2.30pm<br />

And at the foyer 21 Ancora Imparo Way (Yulendj Indigenous<br />

Engagement Unit)<br />

Wednesday 23 September 11.30am – 2.30pm<br />

Postal votes are possible for those students unable to attend<br />

the election in person. Applications will be available online or<br />

at the MSA.<br />

Candidates’ Forum<br />

One or more Candidates’ Forums may be held in the<br />

lead up to the Annual Elections, in line with the Election<br />

Regulations.<br />

Expressions of Interest (EOI) for the position of Organiser<br />

for any Candidates’ Forum may be received by the Returning<br />

Officer in writing from 9am on Wednesday 19 August until<br />

5pm Friday 28 August <strong>2015</strong>. Any such EOI must include a<br />

student’s name, student number and contact details and<br />

should be submitted to the locked box at the MSA front<br />

counter.<br />

Gillian Davenport<br />

Returning Officer<br />

3 August <strong>2015</strong><br />


Editors<br />

Bill Molloy<br />

Claire Rowe<br />

Jarrod Verity<br />

Design<br />

danielle Natividad<br />

Timothy Newport<br />

Politics<br />

Bree Guthrie<br />

Hareesh Makam<br />

Kirsti Weisz<br />

Tom Clelland<br />

Student Affairs<br />

Julia Pillai<br />

Kristin Robertson<br />

Rosie Boyle<br />

Science & Engineering<br />

Alisoun Townsend<br />

Kathy Zhang<br />

Arts & Culture<br />

Emily Neilsen<br />

Kelly Pigram<br />

Lisa Healy<br />

Photography<br />

Carina Florea<br />

© Lot’s <strong>Wife</strong> <strong>2015</strong>, Monash University Clayton, Victoria<br />

As you read this paper you are on Aboriginal land.<br />

We at Lot’s <strong>Wife</strong> recognise the Wurundjeri and Boon<br />

Wurrung peoples of the Kulin Nations as the historical<br />

and rightful owners and custodians of the lands and<br />

waters on which this newspaper is produced. The land<br />

was stolen and sovereignty was never ceded.<br />

Lot’s <strong>Wife</strong> condemns and will not publish any material<br />

that is racist, sexist, queerphobic, ableist, or discriminatory<br />

in any nature. The views expressed herein are<br />

those of the attributed writers and do not necessarily<br />

reflect the views of the editors or the MSA. All writing<br />

and artwork remains the property of the producers and<br />

must not be reproduced without their written consent.<br />

Contents<br />

3<br />

Editorial<br />

4<br />

oB Reports<br />

Politics<br />

8<br />

Bronwyn Bishop<br />

9<br />

ALP National Conference<br />

10<br />

Your Political Correctness<br />

is Problematic<br />

12<br />

500 Word Challenge<br />

14<br />

Animal Welfare Laws<br />

15<br />

The Story of ‘Boat Politics’<br />

Student Affairs<br />

18<br />

Winter Blues<br />

19<br />

Electronic Cheating<br />

20<br />

Mental Illness at Uni<br />

21<br />

Fossil Free Monash<br />

22<br />

Protesters confront<br />

Christopher Pyne’s book<br />

launch<br />

24<br />

Some degree of<br />

Uncertainty<br />

25<br />

‘Cheap Eats’<br />

24<br />

Event Schedule<br />

Science &<br />

Engineering<br />

28<br />

Broken Hill Geological Field<br />

Camp<br />

30<br />

What’s Up doc?<br />

31<br />

Puzzles<br />

32<br />

Autonomous Weapons<br />

34<br />

Renewable Sources<br />

35<br />

Internships<br />

36<br />

Mysteries of the Human<br />

Body<br />

Arts & Culture<br />

38<br />

Education: Adam Goodes<br />

39<br />

Intersectionality &<br />

Feminism<br />

40<br />

Is it true love?<br />

41<br />

Cecil the Lion<br />

42<br />

Celebrities and Crime<br />

44<br />

Festival Guide<br />

46<br />

Gig Guide<br />

47<br />

Art Showcase

EdIToRIAL 3<br />

Editorial<br />

Imagine the shock as you touch down at Tullamarine Airport -<br />

fresh from a month-long trek in Europe - to find that you owe<br />

the government $848.85 because you forgot to pay tax for<br />

one of your jobs. This was the awful news that awaited Claire<br />

as she returned from her decadent trip that she couldn’t<br />

really afford. A couple of weeks later, Claire sat in the Lot’s<br />

<strong>Wife</strong> office eating her quinoa and roast vegetable salad and<br />

mused over how she was going to be ever able to repay her<br />

debt when she has to buy daily essentials such as craft<br />

beers, pay for her six monthly repair of her Italian boots and<br />

of course, buy her ‘ancient grains’.<br />

What a classic fuck wit of an Arts student. She probably<br />

deserved that slap in the face from the ATo.<br />

Unfortunately Claire’s predicament was not a particularly<br />

unique one, it is a well known fact that university students<br />

enjoy the following; a) backpacking in Europe and b) not<br />

paying taxes. over the mid year break the vast majority of<br />

university students have their newsfeeds clogged up with<br />

pictures of friends in Europe and when classes resume, have<br />

those same friends penning martyred posts about how they<br />

have no money or job.<br />

However Bill and Jarrod were an exception to this as they<br />

were far more savvy with their funds. For instance, Bill’s mum<br />

managed all of his money and Jarrod had invested a large<br />

proportion of his savings in various solar energy companies<br />

across Australia. It was for this that, in light of the financial<br />

demise of their co-editor, Bill and Jarrod decided to lend a<br />

hand of assistance to Claire.<br />

Throughout the weeks that followed, the editors spent<br />

an extensive amount of time devising ways in which funds<br />

could be raised to repay the debt. After a notable politician<br />

had recently released a book of his ‘achievements’, a belief<br />

was ignited that anybody can write a autobiographical book<br />

these days. A proposal for a memoir on the 21 years lived<br />

by Claire - ‘My Story: a tale of hardship, intelligence and<br />

finding myself’ - was devised but rejected by all of the major<br />

Australian publishers.<br />

Someone had also come up with the idea of offering<br />

helicopter rides between campus and the synchrotron for<br />

weary blue permit holders at, what they thought, was a<br />

reasonable price. However, given the high price already<br />

paid for these permits, students were unwilling to shell out<br />

any more money and were obviously a little nervous about<br />

being shamed in the mainstream media in light of recent<br />

controversies regarding air travel.<br />

Such controversies were among many of the issues tackled<br />

in the editors’ sixth edition of Lot’s <strong>Wife</strong>. Josh Zuzek examined<br />

the domino effect caused by Bronwyn Bishop’s travel<br />

expenses, Kathy Zhang explored the dangers and ethics of<br />

autonomous weapons, Julia Pillai explained why your political<br />

correctness is problematic, and Timothy Newport recounted<br />

his field trip to the Australian outback. Plus the regular<br />

puzzles, Art Showcase, and event listings were included.<br />

Anyway, the purpose of this rather self indulgent editorial<br />

unnecessarily written in the third person, in past tense, was<br />

for the editors to inform their readers as to a slight change<br />

in the nature of Lot’s <strong>Wife</strong>. After various fund raising ideas<br />

were tossed around and then rejected, one final decision was<br />

ultimately reached. Faced with no other options, the editors<br />

made a decision that is universally dreaded by all editors.<br />

After a ferocious bidding war between multiple interested<br />

parties, Lot’s <strong>Wife</strong> was sold in a split buy between two major<br />

corporations. For $848.80. So grab a cool, refreshing, Coke,<br />

and enjoy a copy of Lot’s <strong>Wife</strong>. Independent. Always.<br />

Afterword<br />

The ‘events’ stipulated above is both a combination of fact and<br />

fiction. Lot’s <strong>Wife</strong> has not actually been sold and remains to be in the<br />

tight grip of the Monash Student Association. Mr Molloy, Ms Rowe<br />

and Mr Verity never took any action in order to raise funds of any<br />

kind for any particular purpose. Ms Rowe did however go to Europe<br />

and it is to the belief of this author that she does in fact owe the<br />

Australian Taxation Office $848.80 and will never forget to pay her<br />

taxes again.

4<br />

oB REPoRTS<br />

OB Reports<br />

For every report not submitted, a picture<br />

of from Claire’s European holiday has been<br />

inserted for the enjoyment of our readers.<br />

We didn’t want to waste all that space.<br />

President<br />

Sinead Colee<br />

Looking for a healthy snack while on campus, but finding<br />

it to be of extreme difficulty? Its cool - the MSA has you<br />

covered! From now on the MSA will be bringing you Free Fruit<br />

Fridays each and every week during semester. Having study<br />

snacks that can sustain you through a long day of classes is<br />

important! You’ll be able to find a bunch of magical orange<br />

fruit bowls all throughout your MSA spaces very soon.<br />

There is plenty happening at the MSA at the moment. Just<br />

check out all of the reports that follow mine; the semester<br />

ahead is jam-packed! I’m especially looking forward to<br />

events such as Blue-Stockings week, Misfits Ball, Clubs and<br />

Societies Awards night, the Activities department’s Boat<br />

Cruise, Stress Less Week Puppies and the National Union of<br />

Students protest against cuts to Higher Education funding<br />

just to name a few!<br />

Lately I’ve been working on many different projects -<br />

namely organising Stationery Stations (stationery supply<br />

hot-spots around campus) and assisting the university in<br />

looking into better parking options for staff and students at<br />

the Clayton Campus.<br />

Got a suggestion for something you’d like to see happen on<br />

campus? No worries! Flick me an email at president.msa@<br />

monash.edu I’ll see what I can do. Have a great semester, y’all<br />

Education (Academic Affairs)<br />

Amelia Veronese<br />

Hi everyone!<br />

I hope the semester is going well for you all. Remember, if<br />

you feel like you should withdraw from a unit or more and<br />

that you would cope better with a reduced load you can do so<br />

before the initial census date on Monday the 31st of August.<br />

don’t forget! Peer Support has begun and will be running<br />

up until Week 12 this semester in the John Medley Library.<br />

Peer Support runs every Tuesday-Thursday from 10am-2pm<br />

for students who want to improve their English Language in<br />

assignments. So, if you have upcoming assessments and<br />

need assistance with English language proficiency or know<br />

someone who does, come along to a drop-in session. More<br />

information can be found on these websites:<br />

http://monash.edu/students/conversational-english/<br />

http://msa.monash.edu/peersupport<br />

Lately, the disabilities and Carers department and I<br />

have just submitted our proposal based on the support we<br />

received from the Equal Access campaign to the university.<br />

Thank you if you signed our petition, we are hoping that the<br />

university will adopt an opt-system of lecture recordings or<br />

a policy that makes exceptions for students with disabilities<br />

and student carers who do not have their lecture recorded.<br />

Stay tuned for the outcome of this campaign.<br />

Until next time, happy studying!<br />

Secretary<br />

Daniel King<br />

Treasurer<br />

Abby Stapleton<br />

Claire with Pimms at Trafalgar square.<br />

Brighton - weather was lovely, approx. 32 degrees<br />

Education (Public Affairs)<br />

Sarah Spivak & Mali Rea<br />

Mali and Sarah have been industriously preparing for the<br />

August 19 National day of Action as well as the Bluestockings<br />

Week panel and trivia night. For the panel, we’ve organised<br />

speakers Celeste Liddle the National Tertiary Education<br />

Union Indigenous and Torres Straight Islander officer , dr.<br />

Rae Frances the dean of Arts, Jeannie Rea the President<br />

of the NTEU and dr. Swati Parashar lecturer on feminist<br />

international relations. We’ve also held two successful<br />

Monash Education Action Groups where we planned<br />

strategies to tackle deregulation. Get involved and come to<br />

the NdA! Like our ‘MSA Education’ page for more information<br />

on how to get involved.

oB REPoRTS 5<br />

Environment & Social Justice Officers<br />

Lauren Goldsmith & David Power<br />

‘over the holidays the ESJ collective had an inspiring<br />

experience at the Students of Sustainability conference in<br />

Adelaide on Kaurna countriy, learning from environmental<br />

activists from all over Australia. Members also attended the<br />

southeast Fossil Free Universities convergence, in which<br />

every Fossil Free campaign in the state was represented,<br />

where activists honed their campaigning skills and learned<br />

from the successes of other groups.<br />

It’s an exciting time for the environmental movement,<br />

with the University of Warwick in the UK (Monash’s partner<br />

university), recently committing to fossil fuel divestment.<br />

With the movement growing globally at a fast pace, we’re<br />

hoping Monash will take the opportunity to become the first<br />

Australian University to take a stand and fully divest from<br />

the fossil fuel industry.’<br />

Queer Officers<br />

Viv Stewart & Jarvis Sparks<br />

Claire in Versailles, having fun.<br />

Welfare Officers<br />

Rebecca Adams & Jesse Cameron<br />

Heya Monash!!!<br />

Here is hoping that you are all settled back into the regular<br />

grind of the semester. We know that you have it in you to kick<br />

butt!<br />

Us Welfar-ians have been hard at work getting preped<br />

for the coming semester. After just rounding off the second<br />

semester book fair we are getting especially for week 4 of<br />

semester. Boy oh boy do we have some treats for you! Yoga!<br />

Free Food! Healthy Eating Workshops! More Free Food! Plus<br />

the return of the Welfare Ball, renamed as the Misfits Ball! It’s<br />

only $10, and you get a whole heap for it!<br />

Best of luck for the semester and we will see you around!<br />

Jesse + Bec<br />

Women’s Officers<br />

Ellen Flach & Sophie Vassallo<br />

As the semester rolls on we’re busy making things bigger<br />

and better as we continue through the second half of the<br />

year! We’ve been working on a whole range of eclectic things<br />

over the last few weeks. our discussion groups are back<br />

and running weekly in the women’s room, our consent<br />

campaign has started popping up around campus and Blue<br />

stocking week (by the time this is published) will have come<br />

and gone! But that doesn’t mean that we’re not working on<br />

more and more amazing projects! We are still accepting<br />

submissions for dissent, our annual department publication,<br />

with this year’s theme being ‘future’; somewhat apt as this<br />

year we’re moving to a completely digital format. We’re also<br />

currently promoting the National Union of Student’s ‘Talk<br />

About it Survey’ which aims to gather information about<br />

the experiences and hurdles of women students in higher<br />

education. on top of that we’re also working on bring back<br />

skill shares for semester two and have been working with<br />

the Queer department to bring back Q2 - a group for queer<br />

and questioning women - for semester two. There’s heaps to<br />

look forward to in the Women’s department :) As always, the<br />

women’s room, and all our events, are open to all people who<br />

identify as or with women and we hope that your uni days are<br />

going well!<br />

Disabilities and Carers Officer<br />

Andrew Day<br />

Well after a rejuvenating break we’re back at you with more<br />

this semester!<br />

We’re running a morning tea event on every Tuesday at<br />

10:30 so feel free to come along and help yourself to some<br />

free nibbles and drinks.<br />

We’ll also be hitting the pavement for the National Union of<br />

Students National day of Action on August 19 - we’ll be there<br />

to protest the Abbott Govt. and its plans for Higher Education<br />

which would see generations of student carers and students<br />

with disabilities locked out of the tertiary education system.<br />

Feel free to come along for the fun!<br />

If you’re interested in hearing more feel free to like the<br />

facebook page and send us a message, we’re always glad to<br />

hear from you.<br />

Activities Officers<br />

Tahnee Burgess & Jake Krelle<br />

Hey dudes,<br />

Looking forward to semester two, activities is back running<br />

hump days every Wednesday on the Lemon scented lawn<br />

feeding hungry students so come down and see us for a free<br />

snag! This semester you can look forward to our "boat that<br />

rocks" boat cruise in week 6 with drinks starting at $1.50, an<br />

intimate comedy evening later in semester, oktoberfest in<br />

week 7 and of course AXP which is coming back with more<br />

awesome drink specials, cocktails and fun! Keep your eyes<br />

peeled for a few on-campus activities such as box wars and<br />

jumping castles for some between class fun!<br />


6<br />


Bees? Bees!<br />

Cover artwork by<br />

Timothy Newport<br />

This cover was inspired by the striking exterior structure of the new<br />

Green Chemical Futures building in the Science precinct. It seems<br />

to have divided the community: half think it looks like a spaceship,<br />

the other like a beehive. Oh, and presumably someone out there<br />

appreciates the elegance of the design, but at this point I think<br />

they’re afraid to speak up.<br />

Compositionally, I took inspiration from classic sci-fi illustration,<br />

with panoramic views of hundreds of spaceships docking. The<br />

background was inspired somewhere between "Come Visit Sunny<br />

Whatever" and the propaganda posters of the post-war Soviet Union.<br />

I then proceeded to make an absolute mess of the whole thing, but<br />

hey, it turned out alright.<br />

The building itself really does look like a honeycomb structure: I<br />

wouldn’t be at all surprised if local bees did confuse the building for<br />

a giant hive!

7 7<br />

PoLITICS<br />

Politics<br />



Josh Zuzek<br />

George Kopelis<br />

Julia Pillai<br />

Kirsti Weisz<br />

Hareesh Makam

8<br />



(Insert witty BRONNY-related Headline here)<br />

(Insert Hilarious BRONNY-Related Meme/Memes Here)<br />

The unimaginatively named ‘Choppergate’ scandal has only<br />

served to highlight just how stupid politicians think we are.<br />

The now former Speaker Bronwyn Bishop chartered a<br />

helicopter for the 100km trip from Melbourne to Geelong at<br />

taxpayer expense in November 2014 for a Liberal Party event<br />

at the Clifton Springs Golf Club. The trip originally cost<br />

taxpayers $5,227, but the shambolic fallout cost Bishop her<br />

job as Speaker and has left her considering retirement from<br />

politics altogether.<br />

Bishop is renowned for her passion for politics, and is<br />

the longest-serving female politician in the history of the<br />

Australian Parliament. However, her conduct as Speaker<br />

did nothing to restore the reputation and standing of the<br />

Speaker following a tumultuous period for the office after the<br />

scandals surrounding Peter Slipper.<br />

Her refusal to apologise and repay the questionable<br />

expenses - insisting repeatedly that the charter was "within<br />

the rules" – stunk of hubris and arrogance, making the media<br />

portrayal of Bishop as self-entitled, and the Tony Abbott-led<br />

administration as increasingly out of touch all the more<br />

accurate as the days rolled by.<br />

Upon reflecting on Bishop’s reign as Speaker,<br />

commentators have struggled to name a more partisan<br />

speaker in the history of the Parliament. Indeed, she<br />

continued to attend Liberal party-room meetings, unlike<br />

many of the speakers who preceded her.<br />

"I mean to be impartial," she told the Parliament shortly<br />

after taking up the position. "The comments that I have made<br />

about attending party meetings is simply that I am a Liberal<br />

– but we don’t deal with tactics and I wouldn’t be part of that"<br />

in this chair I will act impartially."<br />

As of July, Bishop had booted 400 MPs from parliament<br />

– 393 of them Labor members. The number of ejections is<br />

a record, and could have easily been higher had the former<br />

Madame Speaker been as keen to throw out Coalition MPs as<br />

she was members of the Opposition.<br />

Furthermore, Bishop racked up a greater overseas travel<br />

expenses bill than any of the three previous Speakers in her<br />

first year in the job, tallying nearly $300,000 in expenses.<br />

She also ranked as one of the highest spenders in<br />

Parliament in the period from July 1 to December 31, 2014,<br />

with total expenses adding up to just under $400,000.<br />

During that period, Ms. Bishop spent more than Federal<br />

Opposition Leader Bill Shorten, and only $12,000 less than<br />

Barnaby Joyce, whose Agriculture portfolio obviously requires<br />

a lot of travel.<br />

The manner in which Bishop eventually fell on her sword –<br />

"Seemingly determined to<br />

simply say nothing until<br />

the problem went away – a<br />

popular tactic for the Coalition<br />

apparently – both Abbott and<br />

Bishop went to ground and left<br />

commenting on the brewing<br />

storm to other MPs."<br />

despite the best efforts of her and the Prime Minister to avoid<br />

the metaphorical sword altogether - only goes to further<br />

highlight the shortsighted nature of politics in our country<br />

today. Seemingly determined to simply say nothing until<br />

the problem went away – a popular tactic for the Coalition<br />

apparently – both Abbott and Bishop went to ground and left<br />

commenting on the brewing storm to other MPs. It was only<br />

after the controversy threatened to get out of control that<br />

Abbott voiced his displeasure, despite still supporting his<br />

political mentor.<br />

"She has been a strong servant of our country, she has<br />

been a good servant of the Coalition and so she does have my<br />

confidence but like everyone who has done something like<br />

this, inevitably, for a period of time, they are on probation," he<br />

said a week after news of the charter flight first came to light.<br />

Of course, Bronwyn Bishop isn’t the only politician to<br />

get caught cheating the system – a system that has come<br />

in for widespread criticism of late by commentators and<br />

politicians alike.<br />

Already this month has seen Tony Burke – one of Ms.<br />

Bishop’s most vocal Opposition critics – come under fire for<br />

claiming $6,500 to fly his family to Uluru in 2012, as well as<br />

Greens Senator Sarah Hansen-Young who claimed $3,000 for<br />

a party at the <strong>2015</strong> Sydney Mardi Gras.<br />

The difference between Bishop and the ever-growing<br />

number of other transgressing politicians is that while<br />

others realised their mistake, apologized and repaid the<br />

money promptly, Bishop continued to deny any wrongdoing,<br />

digging herself a deeper hole and ultimately forcing the hand<br />

of her strongest backer the Prime Minister.<br />

Politicians think we’re idiots. Maybe we are – after all, we<br />

did elect Tony Abbott.

POLITICS 9<br />

The ALP National<br />

Conference Explained<br />


Bill Shorten’s public approval rating may be at its lowest, but<br />

within the Labor Party he has never been stronger following<br />

July’s National Conference. The leader of the federal ALP<br />

negotiated between the numerous but disorganised Left<br />

factions and his traditional powerbase in the Right to pass<br />

some symbolic but politically important motions. In doing<br />

so he was able to cement his position as leader, while onetime<br />

leadership contender Anthony Albanese found himself<br />

leading the defeated motion to drop boat turn backs.<br />

Four policies Shorten will be congratulating himself for<br />

passing are:<br />

Supporting the Coalition’s asylum seeker boat turn back<br />

policy, while doubling (over 10 years) the humanitarian<br />

intake to 27,000 people each year.<br />

Reaction: The Asylum Seeker Resource Centre called for<br />

Labor to increase the humanitarian intake to<br />

27,000 immediately, close Manus Island and<br />

Nauru processing centres and drop turn backs,<br />

but welcomed its plan to abolish Temporary<br />

Protection Visas.<br />

Allowing Labor MPs a conscience vote on same sex<br />

marriage until after the 2016 election, when support for<br />

same sex marriage will become binding.<br />

Reaction: Australian Marriage Equality national director<br />

Rodney Croome said Labor’s policy of a free<br />

vote on same sex marriage would increase the<br />

pressure on Tony Abbott to provide the same<br />

guarantee for his own party.<br />

Aiming for 50% of Australia’s energy to come from<br />

renewable sources by 2030, through an emissions trading<br />

scheme.<br />

Reaction:<br />

The Clean Energy Council said the "ambitious"<br />

50% target was great news for the renewable<br />

energy sector, and that the industry looked<br />

forward to working through policy detail with<br />

Labor.<br />

A 50:50 gender balance in parliament by 2025.<br />

Reaction: Two female Liberal MPs said more women<br />

were needed in the Liberal Party, but proposed<br />

different ways to achieve this. Sharman Stone<br />

said the party needed to adopt similar quotas<br />

to the Labor Party in pre-selection contests,<br />

while Kelly O’Dwyer argued non-binding targets<br />

for female candidates would be more effective.<br />

Shorten’s opening speech to National Conference also<br />

outlined traditional Labor values around jobs. He promised to<br />

have the next generation of submarines built and maintained<br />

in Australia and also said the free trade agreement with<br />

China would maintain "Australian safety standards,<br />

Australian wages and Australian jobs".<br />

Predictably, Labor’s adoption of turn backs has been<br />

criticised by the Greens and dismissed by the Liberal Party.<br />

Greens Senator Sarah Hanson-Young said Labor was no<br />

better than the Coalition where asylum seekers were<br />

concerned.<br />

"Labor had an opportunity today to stand up against the<br />

cruelty of turn-backs and the suffering of refugees on Nauru<br />

and Manus Island, but sadly they failed," she said.<br />

The Liberal Party, on the other hand, seized on Labor’s public<br />

disunity over boat turn backs. Many Labor MPs had made<br />

public statements for or against the policy leading up to the<br />

National Conference.<br />

"It (the turn back motion) has not removed the baggage of<br />

the Rudd and Gillard era; if anything it has drifted further to<br />

the left," the party said in a media release.<br />

Bill Shorten would disagree with both assertions. He is<br />

attempting to position the Labor Party closer to the centre<br />

of political debate, still leading the way with progressive<br />

policies but with the political experiences to avoid more<br />

radical ideas.<br />

In renewable energy this is most apparent. Shorten has<br />

been mentioning Labor’s support for an emissions trading<br />

scheme, but has highlighted the 50% renewable energy target<br />

in recent weeks. This is his plan to reduce any Coalition<br />

smear campaigns about a resurgent carbon tax, and to<br />

encourage greater public support for mainstream policy.<br />

"If Mr Abbott wants to make the next election a contest about<br />

who has the best policy solution on climate change, I’ve got a<br />

three word slogan for him - bring it on!" Bill Shorten told the<br />

party faithful at National Conference.<br />

That’s not the only slogan Shorten used at National<br />

Conference. He finished his address by stating how Labor<br />

was ready to "advance Australia". Co-opting the national<br />

anthem isn’t a particularly original idea, but it shows Shorten<br />

is positioning himself as a progressive yet mainstream<br />

alternative Prime Minister.<br />

The Labor leader needs to act decisively to increase his<br />

approval rating from a dismal 27% in July’s Newspoll – Tony<br />

Abbott now has a higher rating (at 33%) than Shorten for the<br />

first time. He can take some satisfaction in seeing the Labor<br />

primary vote at 39%, which is usually an election-winning<br />

percentage. Leading up to the 2016 election, expect sustained<br />

promotion of the four main issues emerging from National<br />

Conference, but also traditional Labor campaigns based<br />

around safeguarding jobs.

10<br />



Your Political-Correctness<br />

Is Problematic.<br />

If you give me a sensible reason why I should<br />

say or do something in a different manner<br />

to ensure the safety and comfort of people<br />

of a minority group, I’d take heed. In fact,<br />

as a member of such groups, I understand<br />

how important these things can be. The term<br />

political correctness is somewhat jarring.<br />

It tends to be used by the far right to mock<br />

anyone with some form of human decency;<br />

and usually political correctness is just that -<br />

human decency. However I’m beginning to see<br />

how so called ‘political correctness’ deviates<br />

from protecting or ensuring the safety of a<br />

minority group, and more about moralitypolicing<br />

and agenda pushing in political<br />

spaces; ultimately undermining the actual<br />

purpose of using certain language or behaving<br />

in a certain way.

POLITICS 11<br />

The Tumblr page ‘Your Fave Is Problematic’ is a perfect<br />

example of how political correctness can be undermined.<br />

The blog’s purpose is to name celebrities who have done or<br />

said something that is offensive or inappropriate. Reading<br />

through the site, there were some outright awful things that<br />

celebrities have done which they should be accounted for.<br />

However, there were also cases where they called out actions<br />

that happened while an actor was in character, which may<br />

not be their actual opinions. There were also times where<br />

actions are perhaps in a bit of a grey area, or missteps that<br />

were likely to be a genuine mistake. We shouldn’t necessarily<br />

excuse them for such missteps, but I find the concept<br />

of labelling somebody as ‘problematic’ concerning. Sure,<br />

someone may do or say something that is inappropriate<br />

or problematic- does it make their entire existence<br />

‘problematic’- not necessarily.<br />

I also found myself asking, who are these people who run<br />

this Tumblr? What authority do they have to decide who<br />

is and who is not problematic? If it turns out that the 6<br />

anonymous individuals who run the site are all cis-gendered,<br />

white, straight, non-disabled, middle class, and otherwise<br />

‘privileged’ people, I’d be disappointed. Despite how much<br />

the blog stresses that they exist for the safety of minority<br />

groups it feels more like the moderators (and followers) of<br />

the blog are concerned more about their personal status,<br />

ensuring that they have some moral high-ground, rather than<br />

genuinely fighting for the safety of a minority group. And<br />

frankly, I’m not keen on these people fighting my fights for<br />

me.<br />

Cultural appropriation is a highly discussed issue, and we<br />

have a tendency to assume that there is a general consensus<br />

on issues, when there may not be. This can certainly be<br />

alienating for People of Colour who have ideas and opinions<br />

may vary to the mainstream. There are certainly cases of<br />

general consensus - Native American inspired headdresses is<br />

a great example. However there is discourse and dissent with<br />

many other issues in different communities- and this is not<br />

a bad thing. An example of where there may not be a general<br />

consensus is the Bindi. In her 2014 Huffington post article,<br />

Anjali Joshi argues;<br />

‘We can’t accuse non-Hindus of turning the bindi into a fashion<br />

accessory with little religious meaning because we [Hindu’s] have<br />

already done that... the 5,000 year old tradition of adorning my<br />

forehead with kumkuma [coloured powder traditionally used to<br />

adorn the forehead] just doesn’t seem to align with the current<br />

Bindi collection in my dresser designed to perfectly complement my<br />

outfit. I didn’t pick up these modern day Bindis at a hyper-hipster<br />

spot... This lot was brought from the motherland itself.’<br />

Furthermore, the debate is not just about who can and<br />

cannot wear a bindi- there are other arguments to factor<br />

in, and these arguments generate a range of questions;<br />

how do we define a Bindi? Is any kind of jewelled stick-on<br />

accessory worn on the forehead a Bindi? Is it possible to have<br />

any accessory on the forehead, without any appropriation?<br />

Are there different rules for non-Hindus wearing traditional<br />

Bindis (ie, kumkuma powder Bindis) and modern Bindis?<br />

This is not to say that the opinions of those who say that<br />

it’s inappropriate for non-Hindus to wear Bindis are invalid.<br />

However to say that there is a consensus on this issue, and<br />

every facet of this issue is incorrect, and it’s important to<br />

acknowledge that there is a wide range of issues in the<br />

community. Dissent about issues like this isn’t unhelpful<br />

either, these discussions are important for minority groups<br />

to discuss what is important, what is inappropriate and so<br />

forth. And let’s be honest- minority groups having general<br />

consensus on these issues, any minority and any issue, only<br />

favours members of privileged majorities who want to fit into<br />

a moral high-ground for the sake of their own political status.<br />

Finally, content or trigger warnings. Personally I think that<br />

these warnings when used correctly are fantastic. Not only for<br />

people who may have specific mental health triggers, but for<br />

mainstream audiences these warnings are helpful for people<br />

to choose what they want to read (if someone is having a<br />

bad day, they might not want to read an article with a trigger<br />

warning). However I have seen how these warnings have been<br />

misused or overused, which unfortunately renders these<br />

warnings meaningless.<br />

I feel that the key issue is context and audience- if you are<br />

sharing an article in a group that is a space for people who<br />

are affected by particular issues, or if it’s a group of people<br />

from a specific community, use as many trigger warnings as<br />

you want. If you are sharing something with a mainstream<br />

audience, use these warnings sparingly.<br />

Overuse is dangerous. I’ve definitely had times where I<br />

have read something that was perhaps more heavy than<br />

I thought it would be with a warning which I overlooked,<br />

because that warning had been overused. The issue is that<br />

the meaning behind particular warnings can be incredibly<br />

vague. For example, a warning for ‘murder’ could mean<br />

anything from someone saying that they were murdered, a<br />

vague discussion about murder the weapon and situation, or<br />

graphic details of a murder and possibly images of the crime<br />

scene. For mainstream audiences, the reactions to these<br />

discussions will vary from something they are desensitized<br />

by, to something that is completely shocking.<br />

The other concern (usually from right wingers) is if<br />

trigger warnings be used as a way to censor opinions; it’s<br />

an awful thing to admit, but at times they can. It is not the<br />

intent of such warnings, however these warnings can be<br />

misused- which does threaten unbiased reporting. Similarly,<br />

it’s about context and audience. It’s entirely appropriate to<br />

warn for homophobia and transphobia in a safe space for<br />

LBGTIQ people, or for a magazine or paper that particularly<br />

caters to that niche, however it pushes the censorship line<br />

a little when warnings for generally disgusting opinions<br />

(homophobia, sexism, racism, ableism) were to be used in<br />

the media more broadly, it would certainly threaten unbiased<br />

reporting, even if these opinions are generally, and rightfully<br />

rejected.<br />

So now you can ask yourself; is your political-correctness<br />

problematic? Political correctness done properly means<br />

ensuring that everyone can participate in discussions safely,<br />

that everyone has an informed choice to even join such a<br />

discussion, and that this discussion is diverse. Political<br />

correctness should be about human decency, and being kind<br />

to others, it should not be about political gain, or ensuring<br />

that you have a reputation of being a ‘nice person’.<br />


12<br />


500 Word Challenge<br />


For<br />

Essential to<br />

Australia’s<br />

Financial Woes<br />

Increases to income and corporate tax hurt, they can damage<br />

household budgets and they can leave citizens in precarious<br />

financial positions. However, the GST is a regressive tax and<br />

by that token does not nearly harm the spending patterns,<br />

investment and budgets of ordinary people and companies.<br />

Have you ever seen or spoken to someone who does not buy<br />

essential and non-essential goods or services because of a<br />

10% surcharge due to GST? No. It’s farcical to even ponder a<br />

world where anyone (poor or rich) would re-configure their<br />

spending patterns because of a 10% tax on the things they<br />

purchase. If you follow that logic, and most people do, then<br />

by extension a 5% increase in the GST and the broadening<br />

of its base to include all goods and services seems fair and<br />

harmless to any income earner on the street.<br />

First of all our budget predicament is to a large extent<br />

serious. Those who tell you that a AAA credit rating, and<br />

having the lowest debt to GDP ratio in the OECD are signs<br />

that our fiscal position is solid are gravely mistaken. This is<br />

because they have a lack of understanding of the Australian<br />

economy. Our economy is two speed – we rely on banking<br />

and finance industries to stabilize and hold our economy<br />

together while another industry stimulates private economic<br />

growth. However, in recent times we have seen mining dying<br />

out, manufacturing die while agriculture is decomposing in<br />

it’s grave. Furthermore, very few foreign investors want to<br />

confidently support a country in economic transition that<br />

promotes a weakening currency and houses high wages and<br />

taxes. We are becoming as Keating calls it an ‘industrial,<br />

economic graveyard’. As a consequence, government<br />

revenue has sharply fallen, debt has increased and we will be<br />

experiencing a fiscal crisis if we do nothing in the short-term.<br />

The solution in the short term is more government revenue<br />

– but more money for the states in particular.<br />

According to CPA Australia, broadening the base and<br />

increasing the GST to 15% would add $42.5 billion in the first<br />

year to state coffers and an extra $27 billion dollars every<br />

following year. The increase and broadening alone would<br />

offset the government’s $80 billion cut to schools and<br />

hospitals and provide more long-term economic stability<br />

"Have you ever seen or<br />

spoken to someone who does<br />

not buy essential and nonessential<br />

goods or services<br />

because of a 10% surcharge<br />

due to GST? No."<br />

to State budgets, which are also facing a hit. Moreover,<br />

this rise in the GST intake would allow the Commonwealth<br />

to reduce income and corporate taxes as the fall in<br />

government revenue (by this decision) would be offset by<br />

states becoming more fiscally independent. This will allow<br />

the Australian economy to be more competitive, encourage<br />

investment and stimulate job growth into the future because<br />

as has been previously mentioned non-regressive taxes hurt<br />

the finances of people the most and therefore lead to less<br />

confidence and growth in the market.<br />

Overall, the GST and its reform will provide us with $100<br />

billion a year (25% of federal government revenue) whilst<br />

staying regressive and harmless to household budgets and<br />

spending patterns. It is by virtue, a policy which herald’s<br />

great benefit for relatively little pain. That readers, is the<br />

fundamental essence of good public policy. But it is only the<br />

start of the tax debate.

POLITICS 13<br />

This month’s issue:<br />

Should we raise GST?<br />

Against<br />

The GST should not<br />

be increased<br />


The current state of the Goods and Services Tax in Australia<br />

is by no means perfect; there are still controversies over<br />

exemptions, and lack of exemptions (such as the GST on<br />

sanitary pads and tampons... grr) which seriously need to be<br />

fixed. Nonetheless, I think that a 10% tax on non-essential<br />

items is firm, but fair tax. Exceeding 10% however, is quite<br />

regressive.<br />

We must remember that the GST is a tax that everyone<br />

pays, regardless of age, income, if you are on welfare or if you<br />

aren’t on welfare. It is true that for some of us, an increase<br />

to 15% or even 20% is fair for our situations, but it probably<br />

isn’t fair for many others. While this tax is for non-essentials<br />

we must remember that things that are considered ‘non<br />

essential’ are still important. These include things like<br />

clothes, soap, shoes, fuel, Myki fares, laundry powder,<br />

tampons, gas and electricity bills, things that are far from<br />

luxury items. Obviously, an increase of GST will mean that<br />

these things will be at least 5% more expensive, and this does<br />

increase the cost of living for everyone including people who<br />

may already be struggling financially. This could mean more<br />

people on welfare, less people paying tax. We must also be<br />

aware of how the fear of the cost of living rising will affect<br />

consumers. When people have to pay at least 5% on many<br />

products- which as established earlier, are not necessarily<br />

luxuries, they have less money to spend on other products.<br />

Yes, I know that the ‘age of entitlement’ is over, however, in<br />

order for the economy to work, we do need people to spend<br />

money on non-essential things, perhaps not helicopter rides,<br />

but the more people buy things, the more people have jobs<br />

selling things, the bigger the economy, the more money<br />

the government has, the more the government can spend<br />

on helicopter rides industries that will build Australia, the<br />

more people get jobs, they get money, they spend the money,<br />

#capitalism. Retail therapy is important...for AUSTRALIA and<br />

a 5% increase on a sizeable amount of things people actually<br />

buy might make them spend less.<br />

Ultimately, the issue with a GST increase is that there are<br />

fairer ways to increase government revenue. It’s somewhat<br />

concerning that a GST increase is the first thing that the<br />

"While this tax is for nonessentials<br />

we must remember<br />

that things that are<br />

considered ‘non essential’ are<br />

still important. These include<br />

things like clothes, soap,<br />

shoes, fuel, Myki fares..."<br />

government is looking at- what about taxing corporations<br />

that ruin the environment, what about making sure that<br />

large companies don’t evade taxes (looking at you IKEA...I<br />

KNEW that diabolical flat-pack furniture wasn’t the only<br />

reason why you are so affordable... sneaky), and for the heck<br />

of it, perhaps making sure our mate Gina is paying her share<br />

too. Increasing the GST is a last case scenario; reviewing<br />

other taxes, and making sure that people are paying<br />

them is more important. Who knows after doing that, the<br />

government might have just enough money for us all to get<br />

helicopter rides, GST free. They are very essential.

14<br />



The conflict of interest<br />

plaguing animal welfare laws<br />

Harrowing stories from Australia’s live export trade often<br />

feature in the news or circulate via social media. These<br />

stories, which are usually presented in the form of heartwrenching<br />

images or ear-piercing videos, demonstrate an<br />

incomprehensible level of cruelty.<br />

One of the most recent clips from Vietnam, where<br />

Australian cattle were being slaughtered with<br />

sledgehammers, was deemed ‘too shocking’ to release<br />

publicly.<br />

Shatha Hamade, a live export investigator for Animals<br />

Australia, not only examines the evidence included in the<br />

formal complaints to the Australian government, but also<br />

witnesses the stories first-hand. She goes overseas to<br />

investigate whether exported animals are handled according<br />

to Australia’s regulations.<br />

In one particular investigation in Kuwait, Shatha was<br />

documenting the illegal sale of Australian sheep in a<br />

notorious livestock market. As she stood and documented<br />

two men putting trussed Australian sheep in the back of a<br />

van, she rested her elbow on the boot of a Toyota Camry to<br />

stable her focus. It was a stifling hot day.<br />

It wasn’t what she heard or saw that startled her, but what<br />

she felt. As she leaned on the boot, she felt frantic kicking.<br />

There were sheep stuffed in the boot.<br />

When asked how she handles witnessing animal cruelty,<br />

Shatha said “when you are in the field, you have to keep<br />

reminding yourself that you are there to document their<br />

plight, to give them a voice, so that their suffering will not be<br />

in vain.”<br />

Not too long ago, the Voices for Animals Bill <strong>2015</strong> was<br />

reintroduced into the Senate by Federal Greens Senator Lee<br />

Rhiannon.<br />

The bill proposes to establish an Independent Office of<br />

Animal Welfare that will, among other things, monitor and<br />

implement regulations concerning the live export trade.<br />

Currently, the Department of Agriculture is responsible<br />

for the welfare of animals exported overseas. However, an<br />

inherent conflict of interest exists as the Department is not<br />

only responsible for animal welfare but also for ensuring the<br />

interests of industries that use animals.<br />

The main animal welfare framework that regulates the live<br />

export trade is the Export Supply Chain Assurance System<br />

(ESCAS). It was implemented following the 2011 public outcry<br />

about the systematic cruelty occurring in Indonesia. ESCAS<br />

allow the Department of Agriculture to hold Australian<br />

exporters responsible for breaches such as when the animals<br />

are taken out of the supply chain.<br />

Now, four years later, very little has been done to<br />

penalise exporters or individuals for these breaches<br />

despite continuing cruelty. While blaming the industry for<br />

transgression may not be the ultimate solution, a greater<br />

focus on detecting and preventing breaches is needed.<br />

Animal welfare frameworks are often plagued by this conflict<br />

of interest, whether in the context of food, entertainment or<br />

science. But how can we enshrine an unbiased approach to<br />

animal welfare?<br />

Broadly speaking there are two main philosophical<br />

approaches to regulating animal welfare. The current<br />

approach aims at working within established systems to<br />

improve the treatment of animals because, like humans, they<br />

can experience pain and suffering. It attempts to balance the<br />

interests of animals and humans to ensure the best outcome<br />

is achieved. However, seeing as animals cannot voice their<br />

opinions, it can lead to their exploitation because an industry<br />

which uses animals may sacrifice animal welfare to ensure<br />

productivity.<br />

An alternative approach sees animals as autonomous<br />

beings that are subjects of rights and therefore cannot be<br />

used as a means to our ends. Adopting this perspective<br />

generally rules out the use of animals which means that the<br />

live export trade cannot continue.<br />

Exporting animals overseas not only contributes<br />

financially to Australia, with $1.4 billion revenue since 2013,<br />

but also employs approximately 10,000 people. So banning<br />

the trade is a massive step that may sacrifice the interests of<br />

the industries involved; a step we may not be ready for.<br />

So, what can be done to balance these interests?<br />

Great support has been shown in the 21st century for animal<br />

protection. It is often referred to as the :next social justice<br />

movement.: Having a system that isn’t properly enforced<br />

undermines its purpose. We know the reports from overseas<br />

reveal cruelty and our aim should at least be to alleviate<br />

it. However, instead of rectifying flaws in the system, the<br />

Department reduced the red tape in the processes to lessen<br />

the burden placed on relevant industries.<br />

We may not be able to find anyone who takes a completely<br />

objective view but perhaps an Independent Office for<br />

Animal Welfare - in charge of monitoring and reviewing<br />

these regulations - can provide a voice to the animals most<br />

vulnerable to our systems of law.

POLITICS 15<br />

The Past, Present and Future Problems:<br />

The story of ‘boat politics’ in Australia<br />


Since the turn of the century, the asylum seeker issue in<br />

Australia has become a controversial and gripping problem,<br />

which has for the most part created media frenzy. The<br />

international community has shown themselves to be<br />

incapable of addressing this issue and therefore it has<br />

fallen at the feet of many national governments which all<br />

adopt differing policies. Granted, it is a complicated topic<br />

for states mainly because of the difficulty countries face<br />

in balancing the humanitarian responsibility they have to<br />

legitimate refugees as well as the economic interests of<br />

controlling population growth and public welfare spending.<br />

However, in this country the politics of dealing with this issue<br />

has been both successful and disastrous. Therefore, it is<br />

only appropriate to discuss this by venturing into the past,<br />

analyzing the present and identifying future obstacles.<br />

To tackle the growing asylum seeker concern, the Howard<br />

government implemented the Pacific Solution, which<br />

involved defence forces intercepting refugee boats off the<br />

coast of Australia and placing them within detention centres<br />

in Nauru and Papua New Guinea, where they would await<br />

processing to determine their refugee status. According<br />

to government documents this policy led to a substantial<br />

decrease in boat arrivals. In the seven years, before the<br />

Pacific Solution there were 14,565 boat arrivals to Australia.<br />

In the seven years after, there were only 288 arrivals. This<br />

shows an 80% reduction in boats and possible deaths at<br />

sea. Furthermore, this policy allowed the number of people<br />

in detention to reduce because boat arrivals were drastically<br />

slowing down and processing was becoming quicker and<br />

more efficient. By the time Howard left office there were<br />

only 400 people in immigration detention compared to the<br />

more than 3000 who were there when the Pacific solution<br />

was implemented. Once Labor returned to government<br />

they scrapped these policies saying that they were ‘costly<br />

and ineffective.’ The ‘compassionate immigration policy’<br />

introduced by Labor was seen as being too weak and enticed<br />

people smugglers to send hundreds of asylum seekers on<br />

leaky, crudely constructed boats to Australia. By January<br />

2012, there were over 13,000 people in immigration detention<br />

in this country. It is estimated that 1,200 people died while<br />

attempting to reach Australia by boat. You could say that<br />

by repealing effective immigration policies the Labor<br />

government under Rudd and Gillard ‘encouraged’ the deaths<br />

of these people. If it wasn’t for parliamentary privilege, in<br />

normal circumstances, these governments would have been<br />

charged with more than a thousand counts of manslaughter.<br />

But alas, those who died will never receive justice.<br />

Enter, the Abbott era. The Liberal Party won the 2013 Federal<br />

election on the promise to ‘stop the boats’. Regardless of<br />

whether you agree with the policy or not, it is one of the few<br />

promises that Abbott has come through on in an otherwise<br />

torrid term that has seen his popularity plummet. The<br />

introduction of Operation sovereign borders has stopped<br />

boat arrivals into this country by dissuading people<br />

smugglers to send asylum seekers to this country. That has<br />

in turn stopped drowning and death at sea and has made it<br />

easier for offshore detention centers to process the existing<br />

asylum seekers on Nauru and Manus Island. As a result, the<br />

number of people in immigration detention in Australia and<br />

offshore has reduced by more than 50% to less than 6000<br />

and the number of children in detention has reduced by 90%.<br />

On paper, the government has seemingly solved this issue<br />

and it is almost a certainty that the number of people in<br />

detention will come to zero if these policies are retained by<br />

future governments. Should the Prime Minister be praised for<br />

this?<br />

The short answer is a resounding ‘no’. The media has<br />

continued to attack Abbott for his successes in regards<br />

to this issue because of the fact that he is desperately<br />

unpopular and has more or less become ‘the public punching<br />

bag.’ It even got to the point where the Human Rights<br />

Commission, in November 2014 introduced the National<br />

Inquiry into Immigration detention, which criticized the<br />

government for their handling of this issue.<br />

The past and present have been difficult times for Australia<br />

in regards to boat politics. However, by now we should have<br />

learnt that it is tough border laws, which stop drowning at<br />

sea and ensures that immigration into this country grows<br />

not through illegitimate but legal channels. That can only<br />

be beneficial for this country. However, media attacks stand<br />

in our way from achieving effective immigration laws. I’m<br />

fearful, that a government lacking in political will will repeal<br />

the Abbott government’s effective policies. If this happens<br />

then it will show that we have not learnt on this issue. It is<br />

time for us to start teaching the international community<br />

how to run effective immigration policies, instead of being<br />

lectured to by those with a political agenda.<br />

Hareesh Makam is a member of the Liberal Party

16<br />


Monash Student Association<br />

Student Rights<br />

When things go wrong...<br />

Level 1, Campus Centre<br />

(Next to MSA Reception)<br />

21 Chancellors Walk<br />

msa.monash.edu/studentrights<br />

• Unit Failure (Exclusion)<br />

• Discipline<br />

• Grievance<br />

• Special Consideration<br />

...and you need to understand your options.

17 17<br />

PoLITICS<br />

Student Affairs<br />



Carina Florea<br />

Matthew Edwards<br />

Rubee Dano<br />

Lauren Goldsmith & Rhyss Wyllie<br />

Mali Rea<br />

Georgia Cox

18<br />



Winter Blues<br />

on Campus<br />

As winter continued to unleash its<br />

relentless tirade of misery and rain on us,<br />

Monash’s inaugural Winterfest invited<br />

students, staff, friends and family to join<br />

together for a week of good food, music<br />

and entertainment which helped us<br />

through the cold winter nights.<br />

The first night of Winterfest opened with a wide selection<br />

of food trucks and music on display as Monash lit up with<br />

fairy lights and the warm, inviting glow of The Chalet that set<br />

the scene for the night’s fantastic line up of blues and jazz<br />

artists featuring Movement 9, Clare Bowditch and The Black<br />

Sorrows.<br />

Reworking the music of Amy Winehouse in their own<br />

twisted way, Movement 9 recreated popular songs such as<br />

‘Valerie’, ‘In my bed’ and ‘What is it about men’ giving us a<br />

taste of their new EP ‘May we never meet again: The music<br />

of Amy Winehouse’. Singer Elly Poletti’s soul drenched voice<br />

was supported by the talented sounds of former Monash<br />

music school graduates performing beautiful trumpets<br />

and saxophone solos and jazz harmonies. In a slowed down<br />

version of ‘Back to Black’, Movement 9 retained the bare<br />

bones of the original and moulded it into their own unique<br />

style, heavy with sorrow and passion.<br />

The night continued with a lively performance by ARIA<br />

award winner and Offspring star, Clare Bowditch. Stripped<br />

down from her usual 12 piece band, Bowditch was joined on<br />

stage by long-time friend and collaborator, Monique Donatina<br />

on piano, they took the time to feature the world debut of<br />

Bowditch’s new song ‘Don’t go’. Engaging the audience from<br />

the get go, Bowditch began by posing the question, "What<br />

was it when you were 5 years old that you wanted to be?" Be<br />

it an author, astronaut, receptionist or a spy, her set took<br />

those childhood dreams and created a set that spoke truths<br />

about love and war, of boredom and courage that urged the<br />

audience to choose their own life adventure and chase their<br />

dreams.<br />

To finish the night, The Black Sorrows took to the stage to<br />

deliver an energy packed set that got people up and dancing<br />

in the Chalet. The Black Sorrows are no stranger to the stage,<br />

as a band that has been together for 32 years counting, it<br />

was clear that after all this time, they still absolutely love<br />

performing and the joy was infectious as they delivered<br />

crowd favourite "Shape I’m In" and finished off the night with<br />

a cover of Van Morrisons "Bright Side of The Road" to end the<br />

nights festivities.<br />

Winter Blues was only the beginning of Winterfest, and was<br />

followed by more events like the mid-winter carnival on the<br />

Wednesday and a comedy night on the Thursday featuring<br />

Tommy Little and Nazeem Hussain. With food trucks, live<br />

music and a snow zone throughout the week, it proved to be<br />

an event not to be missed.


Electronic Cheating<br />

Universities are increasingly fearful of electronic cheating as<br />

desperate students strive for guaranteed results.<br />

Regulatory measures against plagiarising and cheating<br />

on assignments, essays and exams have increased<br />

after students were caught breaching academy integrity<br />

standards in the past year.<br />

The Age’s Glenn Mulcaster reported that Curtin University<br />

in Western Australia recorded 651 incidents of plagiarism last<br />

year – the equivalent of 2 plagiarism<br />

incidents per 1000 student unit<br />

enrolments.<br />

Deputy Vice-Chancellor of Education<br />

Jill Downie said it was difficult<br />

to judge whether plagiarism had<br />

increased or whether text analysis<br />

systems like Turnitin had made<br />

breaches easier to find.<br />

"There is a consistent pattern of an<br />

increasing numbers of plagiarism<br />

being reported each year... this trend<br />

may reflect continued improvements<br />

in the detection and reporting of<br />

cases," Professor Downie said.<br />

But as students become more<br />

desperate to succeed, and expanding<br />

digital networks make the flow of<br />

information more easily accessible,<br />

methods of cheating have become<br />

more sophisticated and difficult to detect.<br />

From using ‘spy kits’ to communicate with accomplices<br />

via Bluetooth during an exam to printing fake drink labels<br />

with answers or formulas, it may not be that students are<br />

actually cheating more – just the means in which they do it<br />

are becoming more devious and difficult to detect.<br />

There are even tips available from the suppliers of these<br />

devices, and thousands of YouTube tutorials, on how to cheat,<br />

and how to make sure you don’t get caught.<br />

Monash University Council Regulations states that<br />

possession of unauthorised materials is a discipline<br />

offence. These materials include electronic devices such as<br />

mobile phones, smart watches, electronic dictionaries and<br />

calculators for certain faculties.<br />

The current penalty for possession of these materials,<br />

attempting to cheat, or cheating ranges from a $300 fine to<br />

suspension or even exclusion.<br />

Anxiety and fear can rise to peak levels as deadlines and<br />

exams loom just around the corner. It’s the story of every<br />

university student’s life – and it often drives some to cheat in<br />

order to succeed.<br />

A report by Fairfax Media found that thousands of students<br />

last year enlisted a Sydney company called MyMaster to write<br />

essays and assignments, as well as sit online tests.<br />

"But as students<br />

become more<br />

desperate to succeed,<br />

and expanding<br />

digital networks<br />

make the flow of<br />

information more<br />

easily accessible,<br />

methods of cheating<br />

have become more<br />

sophisticated and<br />

difficult to detect."<br />

One request lodged was for a 6000-word human rights law<br />

research assignment at the University of New South Wales,<br />

worth 70 per cent of the student’s overall grade.<br />

The cheating occurred throughout the state’s university<br />

system, with almost 1000 assignments paid for by students<br />

studying courses from law and economics to philosophy and<br />

astronomy.<br />

Universities Australia Chief Executive Belinda Robinson<br />

said universities were aware of<br />

services like MyMaster looking to<br />

exploit students seeking an easy path<br />

to success.<br />

But how can universities stop online<br />

cheating?<br />

The MyMaster essay scandal has<br />

raised the profile of a new student<br />

society aimed to raise academic<br />

integrity standards at Sydney’s<br />

Macquarie University.<br />

The Academic Integrity Matters<br />

student group was set up last<br />

year as a chapter of the University<br />

of California San Diego’s AIM<br />

organisation.<br />

55 per cent of the students surveyed<br />

at Macquarie said academic integrity<br />

was a serious problem, and many<br />

agreed to join a student-led group to<br />

help renew trust in the system.<br />

One initiative the AIM ambassadors promoted was an online<br />

learning module, Academic Integrity for Students, which<br />

complements the support module that helps students plan<br />

study habits. The modules are not compulsory.<br />

Macquarie University is the first Australian university to<br />

have a student-led academic integrity campaign, and was<br />

also one of the universities that were most affected by the<br />

MyMaster scandal. Over 131 requests were made by students<br />

at Macquarie, with $25,815 spent on essays and assignments<br />

across the campus.<br />

Monash University students, however, spent $848 on the<br />

service – roughly equating to about 13 students among the<br />

65,006 students enrolled across all campuses.<br />

The problem isn’t as widespread at our university, but it<br />

is a problem nonetheless. It represents a group of reckless<br />

students who will do whatever it takes to pass their course.<br />

Universities are putting more effort into identifying and<br />

deterring plagiarism and online cheating, but more needs to<br />

be done to promote academic integrity among students at<br />

universities across Australia.<br />

And if you’re going that far to guarantee your success,<br />

you’re probably better off studying in the first place.<br />


20<br />


By Rubee Dano<br />

On Having a Mental<br />

Illness at Uni<br />

It’s not a big deal. I’ll deal with it. It’d sound stupid if I told<br />

anyone I was struggling; they don’t grant special consideration<br />

just because you’re feeling sad or because you’re stressed about<br />

assignments. It’s not worth telling anyone about it.<br />

These may be some of the thoughts that run through your<br />

head if you were suffering a mental illness. Mental illnesses<br />

such as depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, and others, can<br />

make everyday activities incredibly difficult, which means<br />

that a task like seeking help could seem impossible. It is not<br />

uncommon to downplay the seriousness of a mental illness,<br />

or to dismiss it and not recognise it as a problem, when in<br />

reality it is as real a medical condition as any other.<br />

According to the Australia Bureau of Statistics, every<br />

year, one in five Australians will experience a mental health<br />

condition. According to Beyond Blue, of those aged sixteen<br />

to twenty-four, one in sixteen will experience depression and<br />

one in six will experience an anxiety disorder, and one in<br />

four young people in Australia is currently suffering from a<br />

mental illness. These statistics are overwhelming, when you<br />

think of how many people are in your typical lecture cohort<br />

or even your weekly tutorial. The number of people, according<br />

to the stats, that are potentially suffering a mental illness<br />

is exceedingly high; it might be one of your classmates, or a<br />

friend, a family member, of even yourself.<br />

Mental illness has faced a lot of negative stigma in the<br />

past, however according to Beyond Blue, young people are<br />

now ranking mental illness as one of their highest concerns<br />

(outranking the environment, bullying, employment or<br />

education). Despite the soaring numbers in young people<br />

who suffer from a mental health problem, this development<br />

is a good thing. It means that we are wising up to the impact<br />

of mental illness, and the importance of treatment.<br />

At uni, it’s not as hard as you would think it is to get help.<br />

Whether it’s for yourself, or for a friend, there are plenty of<br />

options that might be able to help. The Better Health Victoria<br />

initiative suggests that while you can encourage a friend or<br />

family member to talk, you cannot solve their problems for<br />

them. It is important to remember that it isn’t your fault if<br />

somebody close to you has a mental illness. While you can<br />

help, but you can’t force them to seek help or get better, you<br />

just have to be a mate and help them as much as you can.<br />

If seeking help is something that they want to pursue, the<br />

Monash Disability Services office is a good place to start.<br />

The Disability Services office is responsible for handling<br />

long-term arrangements regarding any disability or health<br />

condition that impacts upon your studies. In the instance<br />

of mental health for instance, they can potentially provide<br />

you with more flexible deadlines and class attendance<br />

requirements, however every individual case is assessed<br />

independently. Their other services include counselling,<br />

which is available at the health centre on campus at no<br />

charge for students, the SMART program, which helps<br />

students cope with study and exams, and a mindfulness<br />

program aimed at reducing stress and anxiety. All of these<br />

options can provide a great environment for talking through<br />

issues and learning to cope with the difficulties of having<br />

a mental illness, as well as working towards overcoming it.<br />

Monash Health also provides students with free access to<br />

doctors, who might be able to recommend further treatment<br />

or assistance if needed.<br />

The Disability Services office stresses that each case is<br />

treated on an individual basis. This goes not only for how<br />

cases might be dealt with at university, but for mental illness<br />

in general. One person’s experiences of depression might<br />

be entirely different from someone else’s, and it does no<br />

good to compare yourself to others in terms of your mental<br />

health, because this can lead to downplaying a problem<br />

because ‘someone else has it worse’. Everyone is different,<br />

and everyone copes with difficult times in their own way,<br />

but one thing is consistent amongst everyone and it is that<br />

mental illness is a serious issue. It is a big deal, even though<br />

you might think it sounds stupid or that nobody would care,<br />

which are common thoughts to have.<br />

If you, or anyone you know, might be suffering from a<br />

mental illness, one of the first things that you can do is<br />

simply to talk to someone. This can be anyone, from a friend<br />

or family member, to a counsellor or a doctor. There are<br />

so many resources out there for people seeking help, and<br />

though deciding to get help is incredibly hard, it really is<br />

worth it.<br />

You can contact the Disability Services<br />

office at 9905 5704 or register online.<br />

Beyond Blue has an extensive list of ways to seek<br />

support on their website (www.beyondblue.org.au),<br />

from immediate support to planning long-term goals.<br />

If you need someone to talk to right away or if you<br />

feel like you might be in danger of harming yourself,<br />

Lifeline offers 24 hour counselling services at 13 11 14.


Fossil Fuels:<br />

Monash’s Dirty Habit<br />

Fossil Free Monash is a group on campus<br />

dedicated to ending Monash University’s<br />

investments in fossil fuels. We believe<br />

that as a leading university it is Monash’s<br />

responsibility to lead the way in divesting<br />

from fossil fuels.<br />


Who are we?<br />

We are a group of Monash students interested in making<br />

Monash the first Australian university to fully divest from<br />

fossil fuels. We range from undergrad to postgrad, from arts<br />

to engineering and are always looking for new people to<br />

join our crew. We’ve been around since first semester and<br />

are already more than halfway to one of our goals of getting<br />

2,000 student signatures supporting divestment. There is a<br />

fossil free group at most Australian universities so we’ve got<br />

a strong and friendly network to work with and bounce ideas<br />

off. our belief is that it is hypocritical for Monash to talk of<br />

‘greening up’ their act while still profiting from fossil fuels at<br />

the expense of the environment.<br />

Why fossil fuels?<br />

Fossil fuels have been the building block of the modern<br />

world’s development but cannot be part of our future if we<br />

want a livable planet. There are currently enough fossil fuel<br />

reserves on the books of the world’s major companies to<br />

raise global temperatures by 6 degrees by the year 2100<br />

which would be catastrophic for the economy, our society<br />

and particularly those most disadvantaged. This would mean<br />

our continent would be ravaged by more bushfires, heat<br />

waves and drought, many other smaller, poorer islands would<br />

be submerged and people’s livelihoods destroyed. Fossil<br />

fuels are the greatest threat to the earth’s survival and are<br />

part of a reckless attitude towards our use of the planet and<br />

its resources. While fossil fuel companies reap the profits<br />

of ruining the climate, we pay more in terms of preventable<br />

diseases, natural disasters and crop failures. They’ve<br />

privatized the profits and socialized the costs and they must<br />

be delegitimized and stopped. As coal prices drop below half<br />

of what they were 3 years ago it’s more important than ever<br />

to dismantle this damaging and selfish industry.<br />

What is divestment?<br />

Monash has a $1.2 billion endowment fund which it invests<br />

in many different industries including fossil fuels. The aim<br />

of our campaign is to pressure Monash University to divest<br />

from fossil fuels, which means taking its money out of the<br />

industry. divestment as a tactic is not purely designed to<br />

impact on the industry’s finances, but more importantly<br />

is directed at delegitimising the fossil fuel industry and<br />

removing their social license to pollute for free and destroy<br />

the climate. The global divestment campaign against fossil<br />

fuels has achieved some success, with more than $50<br />

billion divested by over 200 institutions. When institutions<br />

like universities, churches and cities say they will not profit<br />

from the fossil fuel industry and their destructive practices<br />

it sends a powerful message in support of climate action.<br />

divestment has been used against the tobacco industry<br />

and most famously against apartheid South Africa in the<br />

1980s. The latter campaign began on college campuses and<br />

in churches before being taken up by cities, foundations and<br />

finally the U.S. Government in 1986 with the Comprehensive<br />

Anti-Apartheid Act. The fossil fuel industry is immensely<br />

powerful and divestment aims to chip away at their social<br />

and economic power to allow for real, positive change<br />

towards a livable planet.<br />

If you’re interested in getting involved<br />

or want to find out more then chuck<br />

us a ‘like’ on facebook<br />

or email enviro-msa@monash.edu<br />

Lobbying and campaigning is not all we<br />

do so stay tuned to the FB page for fun<br />

events and opportunities throughout<br />

the semester.<br />

Lauren Goldsmith and Rhyss Wyllie are the<br />

Environment and Social Justice officers<br />

Illustration by Janet Zhu

22<br />


By Mali Rea<br />

Protesters Confront Education Minister<br />

Christopher Pyne at the Launch of His Book<br />

‘A Letter To My Children’<br />

Disclaimer: This article is the interpretation of the events that unfolded at<br />

Christopher Pyne’s recent book launch by a witness present on the day.<br />

In the midst of his attempts to push through some of the most<br />

unpopular legislation of the current Liberal government, Christopher<br />

Pyne thought it would be a good idea to write a book, launch it at a<br />

bank, and make tickets for the free event on the internet.<br />

Continuing the trend of confronting Liberal politicians<br />

whenever possible, the National Union of Students (NUS)<br />

organised a protest outside the event’s venue and many<br />

activists also registered to get a ticket. In an unpredictable<br />

turn of events, all the student activists who registered had<br />

their tickets ‘refunded’ in the days leading up to the launch.<br />

I presume, a Liberal staffer might have spent a few hours<br />

googling us all.<br />

It’s pretty obvious Pyne sees no difference between a<br />

private company and a public institution, going by his<br />

choice of location, NAB Bank. For him everything should be<br />

in the free market. The book launch reaffirmed the fact that<br />

they see no inherent value in education and are trying to rid<br />

himself of the responsibility of funding higher education.<br />

The protest began at the Bourke Street entrance of the<br />

NAB building, where we created a line to stop Liberals from<br />

attending the event. If they wouldn’t let us in, we weren’t<br />

going to allow anyone else in either. After hearing from many<br />

student activists and the National Tertiary Education Union<br />

(NTEU) National President, we decided to go up to the more<br />

prominent entrance near Southern Cross station. As we came<br />

up the stairs, some protesters ran towards the revolving<br />

doors attempting to get in to the event. In an act of collective<br />

strength the protesters filled the segments of the revolving<br />

door trying to get in. This is where the unnecessary police<br />

aggression began.<br />

Many of the students who attended the protest felt that<br />

mainstream media treated them unfairly. Elyse Walton,<br />

who appeared in many images accompanying news articles<br />

claimed that "We were not ‘rabid’ or ‘aggressive ...it wasn’t<br />

until the fleets of police arrived that the peaceful rally turned<br />

violent." She also felt that the police acted in a very hostile<br />

manner and said that they had sworn at the group.<br />

I felt that the unnecessary amount of police and their<br />

aggressive attitude made the situation quite confronting. It<br />

concerns me that this was the first protest many students<br />

would have attended and as a result, may be reluctant to<br />

engage in student activism again. The police reaction made<br />

you feel as if you were doing something wrong by trying to<br />

stand up to a government trying to destroy the Australian<br />

higher education system. I believe that police behaviour at<br />

the protest showed that the police were there to intimidate<br />

student protesters, instead of ‘keeping the peace’.<br />

When the mainstream media heard that a window had<br />

been broken, they immediately assumed it was protesters<br />

who broke it. However, from my memory of the day, by that<br />

point there were only police and a few protesters left in that<br />

particular door, while the other was full of protesters and<br />

police pushing both ways. One article suggested the police<br />

broke the window to get through and remove protesters.<br />

Having watched the situation unfold, this makes far more<br />

sense to me.<br />

There was only one arrest at the scene, a member of our<br />

very own Monash Education Action Group. It seemed to me<br />

like the police decided they should arrest someone as a<br />

warning to the protesters or some sort of power play. As far<br />

as I could tell, she was only chosen as she was one of the last<br />

protesters left in the revolving door after the police attempted<br />

to remove them. She was released later and charged with<br />

resisting arrest, a dubious claim by my opinion.<br />

This was not the only protest that interrupted Pyne’s visit<br />

to Melbourne. On the Thursday he had a public appearance at<br />

La Trobe University, where about 60 students staged a protest<br />

outside under severe surveillance by security there. The<br />

lecture theatre Pyne was speaking in was on the outside of<br />

the building, which meant you could peek through the blinds<br />

and hear him, so protesters made plenty of noise. As Pyne<br />

left, protesters chased his car away. However, the first car<br />

was a decoy! The protest at La Trobe was a great example of<br />

how quickly students can come together when they hear their<br />

number one enemy is on campus.<br />

Our next opportunity to protest Pyne is the August 19.<br />

The National Union of Students have organised a National<br />

Day of Action protest against the deregulation of fees,<br />

funding cuts and long waits for Newstart.<br />

Join fellow Monash students for a BBQ on Menzies Lawn<br />

at 12pm on the day before. We travel to the city via free<br />

buses provided by the MSA.<br />

Mali Rea is the Education (Public Affairs) Officer at the MSA.

24<br />


By Georgia Cox<br />

Some Degree of uncertainty?<br />

My dad still wants me to become an accountant, but I can’t<br />

count. In seeking the answer to one of the big questions in<br />

life - is my Arts degree worth it? - I went to the ‘Arts in the<br />

Real World’ held by Monash during July. Upon hearing of this<br />

event Dad laughed, "it’s funny, the name; Arts in the ‘Real<br />

World.’" Probing him I inquired "Why?" to which he responded,<br />

"because, well, is there really such thing as Arts in the real<br />

world?"<br />

So an arts degree is a waste of time, right? Monash held<br />

the event because, sadly, that is the overwhelming sentiment<br />

held in our society. While most Arts students tend to enjoy<br />

studying their discipline, many fear that they<br />

won’t find a decent career after 3 years of<br />

arduous study and paying back $20,000<br />

that they don’t actually have. Students<br />

of Law, Commerce, Engineering –<br />

pretty much any discipline other<br />

than Arts – laugh scornfully at the<br />

supposedly imminent demise of<br />

the Arts graduate.<br />

In response to this trend,<br />

Monash designed the conference<br />

to remind students that the<br />

world could not function solely<br />

with accountants, doctors, lawyers,<br />

bankers, computer technicians, and<br />

so forth. People tend to not only forget<br />

that the Arts are important, but also that<br />

we actually need the humanities disciplines<br />

in our society. It should seem obvious, really;<br />

humans need the study of humanity in order to progress<br />

as a community.<br />

Jan McGuinness a journalist, editor and news producer,<br />

as well as a professor at Monash’s school of Media, Film and<br />

Journalism, reminded students that we live in "a changing<br />

and ambiguous world" where we need to continue to make<br />

connections between humanities and contemporary issues.<br />

As an Arts graduate and the vice-president of the<br />

organisation Humanities 21 (humanities21.com.au), Jan<br />

advocates for people to "stop apologising for their Arts<br />

degrees". Humanities 21 aims to educate the corporate world<br />

about Arts graduates and seeks to build bridges between<br />

them and newly graduated Arts students. The not-for-profit<br />

organisation boasts a database of 150 academics, hosts<br />

events, exhibitions, seminars, and posts e-newsletters, to<br />

project to students, academics, and businesses what’s going<br />

on in the world of the humanities. Their underlying idea is<br />

that, "if businesses are on board, jobs will follow".<br />

Professor Rae Frances, the Dean of Arts at Monash,<br />

is also passionate about the Arts because people need<br />

to understand "what it means to be human in its many<br />

"People<br />

tend to forget not<br />

only that the Arts are<br />

important, but also that we<br />

actually need the humanities<br />

disciplines in our society. It<br />

should seem obvious, really;<br />

humans need the study<br />

of humanity in order<br />

to progress as a<br />

community."”<br />

dimensions". She highlights the necessity of understanding<br />

why humans "think and act the way they do; how they<br />

express themselves intellectually, artistically and socially;<br />

how they interact with each other and with technology and<br />

the natural environment."<br />

We tend to forget that an education in an Arts field teaches<br />

students to be analytical and flexible, which is so important<br />

because "almost every problem has a human dimension as<br />

well as a technical one," Professor Frances explains.<br />

An Arts degree offers breadth by delivering training in<br />

many skills including research, analysis, critical thinking<br />

and ultimately communication, which, according<br />

to the Dean, are "extremely useful in the<br />

modern workplace and highly valued by<br />

employers."<br />

Refreshingly, she envisions that<br />

the Bachelor of Arts qualification<br />

will become more popular in the<br />

near future. The generic and broad<br />

skills that the BA teaches are<br />

becoming increasingly soughtafter<br />

because the nature of<br />

work is changing so quickly, so<br />

adapting to new situations and<br />

workplaces is vital in order to apply<br />

knowledge in ever-changing contexts.<br />

It is exactly because the BA is such<br />

a broad degree that students can seek<br />

broad vocational experience. Rather than<br />

restricting you to one domain of work, an Arts<br />

education will widen your "Real World" prospects.<br />

As globalisation will continue to steadily advance thanks<br />

to the increasing rates of digitalisation, tourism and<br />

migration, students will need to adapt to participate in<br />

a global workforce in order to attain the best possible job<br />

prospects. The BA fills the gap of international experience<br />

and intercultural skills that is often lost in more vocationalfocused<br />

disciplines.<br />

So what should you do if, like me, you can’t count, fathom<br />

the idea of chemistry, or fall asleep at the idea of studying<br />

torts? Professor Frances encourages students to take<br />

advantage of Monash’s offerings of international study<br />

experience. Likewise, being such a large university, the<br />

networking opportunities at Monash are boundless. Whether<br />

you study another language, criminology, politics, literature,<br />

or behavioral studies within your Arts degree, "accessing<br />

another culture and world view", as Professor Frances puts it,<br />

will ultimately open your eyes to the world beyond university,<br />

and expand your version of the real world.<br />

In the meantime, at least my dad will continue to teach me<br />

all he knows about Excel spreadsheets.


‘Cheap’ eats<br />

Clayton campus<br />

edition<br />

of recent times, there has been murmurs amongst elite food<br />

circles that Melbourne’s Monash University’s Clayton campus<br />

is set to become the new ‘go to’ food destination akin to<br />

Lygon street and Smith street, due to the high quality in food<br />

types on offer to the staff and students at the campus. The<br />

university prides itself on the diversity within the cuisines on<br />

offer which range from gourmet Italian pizza to vegan curries<br />

to asian stir fries to fresh fruit. Renowned food critic Clarissa<br />

Williams ventured to the university’s beloved ‘campus centre’<br />

to explore the various cuisines on offer.<br />

Grain Express<br />

Grain Express, which prides itself on the healthy foods it<br />

offers (grains = good for you), is one of the last restaurants to<br />

close on campus each night. This makes it a perfect choice<br />

for those who enjoy spending their spare time hanging out<br />

in Clayton late at night by themselves and watching video<br />

games on youtube in the airport lounge. Walking through the<br />

entrance transports one to the serenity of Saigon, Bangkok,<br />

Singapore with the vast range of cuisines on display in a<br />

similar manner to those in oliver-Twist-orphanage-esque<br />

setting.<br />

Eftpos? No.<br />

Child friendly? No, Grain Express impose a similar Lynch’s<br />

style ‘strictly no child zone’<br />

Gluten free options? STAY AWAY IF GLUTEN INToLERANT.<br />

Wholefoods<br />

Nobody makes a wheatgrass infused chai macchiato with<br />

soy milk and honey quite like the baristas at wholefoods.<br />

The Wholefoods restaurant has been in the campus centre<br />

since the 1970’s but has recently witnessed a mass increase<br />

in their customer base after being vegan became cool. The<br />

restaurant is lined with the original furniture stained with<br />

dahl made in 1973 and you can always rely on Leonard Cohen,<br />

First Aid Kit or Tame Impala to be playing from the stereo.<br />

Eftpos? They pay in love.<br />

Child friendly? Naturally.<br />

Gluten free options? Cardboard is complimentary to all<br />

celiacs.<br />

Convenience Store<br />

A secret gem on campus for all your fresh foods needs. The<br />

existence of the Campus Centre convenience store renders<br />

the Vic Market completely redundant as the vast array of<br />

fresh produce would be sufficient enough to supply a family<br />

of five for an entire week. The best thing about the store is<br />

that you can always bet on your favourite fruit and vege being<br />

there everyday; exactly two rock hard avocados that should<br />

be ready to eat by the year 2030, four carrots and three<br />

‘juicing’ apples.<br />

Eftpos? Yes, minimum 150 dollars.<br />

Child friendly? Yes.<br />

Gluten free options? What’s gluten?<br />

Peri Peri<br />

Peri Peri’s quarter chicken and chips combo is to die for -<br />

literally. don’t let the constant rumored cases of salmonella<br />

deter you, Peri Peri is home to the best chips on campus. The<br />

secret is the chef’s light touch with adding flavour. Lightly<br />

dusted with enough salt to stave off an army of slugs.<br />

Eftpos? Yes.<br />

Child friendly? Yes.<br />

Gluten free options? Yes.<br />

The Kitchen<br />

Mysteriously closed since last semester either for mass<br />

renovations of interrogation by the department of Health and<br />

Human Services.<br />

Eftpos? N/A.<br />

Child friendly? N/A.<br />

Gluten free options? N/A.<br />

BY CLARISSA WILLIAMS This is, of course, satire. Nothing in<br />

this article is factual in anyway.

26<br />


Event Schedule<br />

Month Week Date Event Club Time Location<br />

Thu 20th Seminar MOVE 15:00 TBD<br />

Month Week Date Event<br />

Mon 24th<br />

Club<br />

Weekly Talk and Discussion<br />

Time<br />

MPS<br />

Location<br />

13:00 TBD<br />

Type<br />

AUG<br />

SEP<br />

AUG<br />

SEP<br />

4<br />

Mon 17th Weekly Talk and Discussion MPS 13:00 TBD Weekly Event<br />

Mon 17th Mon Weekly 24th Board Game Weekly Nights Board Game Nights MBS MBS 13:00 Engineering Hall 2, 23 College Walk 13:00 Engineering Weekly Hall Event 2, 23 College Walk<br />

Tue 18th Tue Gender 25th Equality in AGM Leadership + Trivia Seminar SNAPS MOVE 18:00 South 1 Lecture Theatre 17:00 TBD Academic Event (Guest Speaker/Networking)<br />

Wed 19th National Day of Action MSA -­‐ Education (Public Affairs) 12:00 Menzies Lawn, then State Library Other<br />

Thu 27th Pathways & Careers to Social Change (PCSC) EWB 17:30 16 Rainforest Walk Clayton (S1-­‐S4 Foyer)<br />

Wed 19th Trivia Night BIO 18:30 Sir John's Bar Trivia Night<br />

Fri 28th Corporate Dinner CCA 18:00 The Langham -­‐ Alto Room<br />

Thu 20th Seminar MOVE 15:00 TBD Academic Event (Guest Speaker/Networking)<br />

Mon 24th Sat Weekly 29th Talk and Discussion Cosplay Chaos MPS MPC 13:00 & SAMA TBD 11:00 16 Rainforest Weekly Walk Event (East side of Bld. 25)<br />

Mon 24th Weekly Board Game Nights MBS 13:00 Engineering Hall 2, 23 College Walk Weekly Event<br />

Sun 30th Robot Line Following Competition MECC, MAMEC & SMEE 12:00 Engineering Halls, 23 College Walk, Building 60<br />

Tue 25th AGM + Trivia MOVE 17:00 TBD Trivia Night<br />

5<br />

Mon 31st Weekly Talk and Discussion MPS 13:00 TBD<br />

Thu 27th Pathways & Careers to Social Change (PCSC) EWB 17:30 16 Rainforest Walk Clayton (S1-­‐S4 Foyer) Academic Event (Guest Speaker/Networking)<br />

Fri 28th Mon Corporate 31st Dinner Weekly Board Game Nights CCA MBS 18:00 The Langham -­‐ Alto Room 13:00 Engineering Academic Hall 2, Event 23 College (Guest Speaker/Networking)<br />

Walk<br />

6<br />

7<br />

8<br />

Mon 17th Weekly Talk and Discussion MPS 13:00 TBD<br />

Mon 17th Weekly Board Game Nights MBS 13:00 Engineering Hall 2, 23 College Walk<br />

4<br />

Tue 18th Gender Equality in Leadership Seminar SNAPS 18:00 South 1 Lecture Theatre<br />

Wed 19th National Day of Action MSA -­‐ Education (Public Affairs) 12:00 Menzies Lawn, then State Library<br />

Wed 19th Trivia Night BIO 18:30 Sir John's Bar<br />

5<br />

6<br />

Sat 29th Mon Cosplay 31st Chaos Poetry Slam MPC & SAMA MOVE 11:00 16 Rainforest Walk (East side of Bld. 25) 16:00 TBD Other<br />

Sun 30th Robot Line Following Competition MECC, MAMEC & SMEE 12:00 Engineering Halls, 23 College Walk, Building 60 Other<br />

Wed 2nd Yule Ball <strong>2015</strong> MM 19:00 Leonda by the Yarra, Hawthorn<br />

Mon 31st Weekly Talk and Discussion MPS 13:00 TBD Weekly Event<br />

Mon 31st Mon Weekly 7th Board Game Weekly Nights Talk and Discussion MBS MPS 13:00 Engineering Hall 2, 23 College Walk 13:00 TBD Weekly Event<br />

Mon 31st Mon Poetry 7th Slam Weekly Board Game Nights MOVE MBS 16:00 TBD 13:00 Engineering Performance/Arts Hall 2, 23 College Walk<br />

7Wed 2nd Yule Ball <strong>2015</strong> MM 19:00 Leonda by the Yarra, Hawthorn Ball/Cruise/Party<br />

Tue 8th Psychology Research Seminar SNAPS 18:00 Lecture Theatre S4, 16 Rainforest Walk<br />

Mon 7th Weekly Talk and Discussion MPS 13:00 TBD Weekly Event<br />

Mon 7th Wed Weekly 9th Board Game Boat Nights that Rocks Cruise MBS MSA 13:00 -­‐ Activites Engineering Hall 2, 23 College Walk 19:00 Dock 9, Central Weekly Pier, Event Victoria Harbour, Docklands<br />

Tue 8th Mon Psychology 14th Research Weekly Seminar Talk and Discussion SNAPS MPS 18:00 Lecture Theatre S4, 16 Rainforest Walk13:00 TBD Academic Event (Guest Speaker/Networking)<br />

8Wed 9th Boat that Rocks Cruise MSA -­‐ Activites 19:00 Dock 9, Central Pier, Victoria Harbour, Docklands Ball/Cruise/Party<br />

Mon 14th Weekly Board Game Nights MBS 13:00 Engineering Hall 2, 23 College Walk<br />

Mon 14th Weekly Talk and Discussion MPS 13:00 TBD Weekly Event<br />

Mon 14th Mon Weekly 21st Board Game Weekly Nights Talk and Discussion MBS MPS 13:00 Engineering Hall 2, 23 College Walk 13:00 TBD Weekly Event<br />

9<br />

Mon 21st Mon Weekly 21st Talk and Discussion Weekly Board Game Nights MPS MBS 13:00 TBD 13:00 Engineering Weekly Hall Event 2, 23 College Walk<br />

9 Mon 21st Weekly Board Game Nights MBS 13:00 Engineering Hall 2, 23 College Walk Weekly Event<br />

Thu 24th Disney Party <strong>2015</strong> Disney 20:00 Oakleigh Bowls Club<br />

Thu 24th Disney Party <strong>2015</strong> Disney 20:00 Oakleigh Bowls Club Ball/Cruise/Party<br />

Mon 28th Mon Monash 28th Model United Monash Nations Model Conference United Nations MIAS Conference MIAS 9:00 Menzies Building, 20 Chancellors Walk 9:00 Menzies Building, Academic Event 20 Chancellors (Guest Speaker/Networking) Walk<br />


Tue 29th Tue Monash 29th Model United Monash Nations Model Conference United Nations MIAS Conference MIAS 9:00 Menzies Building, 20 Chancellors Walk 9:00 Menzies Building, Academic Event 20 Chancellors (Guest Speaker/Networking) Walk<br />

Event Types<br />

BIO -­‐ Monash Biological Society<br />

& Commerce Association<br />

BIO -­‐ Monash Biological Society<br />

Ball/Cruise/Party<br />

CCA -­‐ Computing <br />

BBQ<br />

Disney -­‐ Monash Disney Society<br />

CCA -­‐ Computing & Commerce Association<br />

Without Borders<br />

Academic Event (Guest Speaker/Networking)<br />

EWB -­‐ Engineers <br />

MAMEC -­‐ Monash Aerospace Disney -­‐ & Monash Mechanical Disney Engineering Society Club <br />

Other<br />

BBQ<br />

MBS -­‐ Monash Boardgames EWB -­‐ Engineers Society Without Borders<br />

Weekly Event<br />

Mechatronics Engineering Clayton Club<br />

Performance/Arts<br />

MAMEC -­‐ Monash Aerospace & Mechanical Engineering Club <br />

Muggles<br />

Trivia Night<br />

Other<br />

MECC -­‐ <br />

MM -­‐ Monash <br />

MOVE -­‐ Monash Overseas MBS -­‐ & Monash Exchange Club Boardgames Society<br />

* Please double check event details with club in case of changes<br />

MPC -­‐ Monash Photography MECC -­‐ Club Mechatronics Engineering Clayton Club<br />

MPS -­‐ Monash Philosophical Society<br />

MM -­‐ Monash Muggles<br />

MUST -­‐ Monash Uni Student Theatre<br />

SAMA -­‐ Society of Anime MOVE and -­‐ Manga Monash Appreciation Overseas & Exchange Club<br />

Event Types<br />

Ball/Cruise/Party<br />

** To enter events in the Calendar for Semester 2 check club emails around late June!<br />

Academic Event (Guest Speaker/Networking)<br />

Weekly Event<br />

Performance/Arts<br />

Trivia Night<br />

* Please double check event details with club in case of changes<br />

SMEE -­‐ Society of Monash MPC -­‐ Electrical Monash Engineers Photography Club<br />

** To enter events in the Calendar for Semester 2 check club emails around late June!<br />

SNAPS -­‐ Students' Neuroscience & Psychology Society<br />

MPS -­‐ Monash Philosophical Society<br />

MUST -­‐ Monash Uni Student Theatre<br />

SAMA -­‐ Society of Anime and Manga Appreciation<br />

SMEE -­‐ Society of Monash Electrical Engineers<br />

SNAPS -­‐ Students' Neuroscience & Psychology Society

27 27<br />

PoLITICS<br />

Science & Engineering<br />



Timothy Newport<br />

Courtney Baker<br />

Kathy Zhang<br />

Farah Ibrahim<br />

Riana Samuel

28<br />


By Timothy Newport<br />

Broken Hill Geological<br />

Field Camp <strong>2015</strong><br />

Or How I Learned to<br />

Stop Worrying and<br />

Love the Rocks<br />

Full disclosure: I fucking hate rocks.<br />

I don’t like looking at them, I don’t like thinking about<br />

them, I don’t like learning about them.<br />

If I could get a card that would allow me to avoid any and<br />

all rocks for the entirety of my existence on this tragically<br />

rocky planet, I would gladly trade several digits (monetary or<br />

anatomical) for one.<br />

Which puts me in an awkward position of being a<br />

Geosciences major.<br />

I’ve stumbled into this ironic hell by means of shortsighted<br />

subject choices, trying too many times a subject I<br />

was fated to fail, and just plain-old laziness. Geology seemed<br />

the easiest subject to major in, or at the least the most fun<br />

(thanks Marion Anderson), so I stuck with it through to 3rd<br />

year.<br />

Barely scraping through 2nd year and first semester this<br />

year, I was utterly resigned to banging my head against a<br />

wall until graduation. The subject matter bored me to tears,<br />

the practicals were difficult and confusing, and I just didn’t<br />

care about my grades. If it weren’t for great lab partners and<br />

occasional field trips, I probably would have just dropped out<br />

altogether.<br />

I chose my 3rd years subjects by the following criteria:<br />

what combination of units allows me to graduate the fastest?<br />

Amongst the choices made was "ESC3180: Field Mapping", a<br />

winter semester subject composed of a 3 week field camp in<br />

the desert, looking at rocks.<br />

"Sure, whatever," I thought. I didn’t care what I did, as long<br />

as I didn’t have to come back for another semester.<br />

The day of reckoning arrives, and I show up to Robert


Blackwood Hall at 7am, collapsing under the weight of my<br />

own camping gear. I load my stuff on to the bus, and exist<br />

in a trance-like state for the next 14 hours, travelling to<br />

Silverton, NSW, where the camp was located.<br />

The first sign that I wasn’t in Kansas anymore was when I<br />

was informed that because the camp was so far west, it was<br />

actually on South Australian time. Finding my way back to<br />

consciousness, I somehow manage to change my watch.<br />

Getting blood back into my feet and hopping off the bus,<br />

I’m met with dark plains and moonlit hills, like I’m about to<br />

audition for the latest Wolf Creek sequel. Quickly pitching my<br />

tent and hopping into sleeping bags, I assure myself that this<br />

camp won’t be as bad as I think.<br />

I was... right? The next 19 days were a whirlwind of hiking,<br />

drinking, and to my surprise, learning! When I came back to<br />

camp after the first day, I was convinced that I’d spent the<br />

past 2 years under a rock, as opposed to learning about them.<br />

Within a week I was identifying minerals like I’d been doing it<br />

my entire life!<br />

"Tourmaline! Sillimanite! Another fucking QUARTZ!" I was<br />

having a blast. All of the things I’d learnt in my major up until<br />

now suddenly meant something and not only that, but I was<br />

building on and applying that knowledge to the real world<br />

too? This was not what I signed up for, but I was loving it.<br />

There may have been another contributing factor to my<br />

enjoyment: every night we... imbibed far more than was really<br />

necessary. I think my liver is still on strike, but when you’re<br />

looking at rocks for 8 hours a day, some distraction was<br />

appreciated. The campfire helped as well.<br />

When the time came to get back on the bus, I almost didn’t<br />

want to leave! Finally, it had all come together, and I actually<br />

understood geology! But on the bus I got, and I swear I got<br />

stupider for each kilometre we got closer to Melbourne.<br />

Pulling into Monash, I don’t think I’d know a quartz if it hit me<br />

in the eye.<br />

Now semester has started, and it’s back to learning about<br />

rocks in the lecture theatre. Now it’s even worse, though,<br />

because I know I understand this stuff! I know I can do it! But<br />

lectures are just so boring... If only we could just get out into<br />

the field again!<br />

It’s alright, though. At least I got to understand this stuff at<br />

least once before I graduate. Plus, I had a great time! I mean, I<br />

was hungover for lots of it, but that’s how you know it’s great,<br />

right?<br />

I suppose the take-home message here is that, sometimes,<br />

you just need to learn a different way. Or be supplied with<br />

copious amounts of alcohol, or something. Don’t ask me, I’m<br />

just a geologist.<br />

PS. I lied in the title: I still hate rocks.

30<br />



What’s Up Doc?<br />

Daniel Newman completed his undergraduate and<br />

Honours degree at the University of Queensland where<br />

his work studying attention in humans was awarded<br />

the McElwain Prize for the best research thesis in<br />

Psychology in the state. Currently doing a PhD in<br />

cognitive neuroscience at the Bellgrove Laboratory at Monash University, his research will<br />

add to our understanding of the neural systems governing spatial attention in humans.<br />

So tell me a bit about your field of research?<br />

I’m doing research on attention in humans. It’s in the field<br />

of cognitive neuroscience. We look at different explanations<br />

for different attention abilities in humans. So my Phd is<br />

about the ‘state vs trait’ influences on attention where state<br />

influences might be how much sleep you’ve had, whether<br />

you’ve had any stimulants like Ritalin or caffeine. Trait<br />

influences on attention include genes or connectivity in your<br />

brain, so white matter or structural connectivity.<br />

What got you into that field of research?<br />

In 2008 I started an undergrad in psychology at the<br />

University of Queensland and I loved that. I thought back<br />

then that I would become a clinical psychologist, but then<br />

throughout my degree I became more and more interested<br />

in neuroscience. I did my honours in the Queensland Brain<br />

Institute which was focused more on cognitive neuroscience<br />

with humans and so I decided to get into neuroscience with<br />

a Phd.<br />

What, in your opinion, makes psychology different to all<br />

other sciences?<br />

The fact that psychology is very broad. I’m doing biological<br />

psychology and I’m actually publishing in neuroscience<br />

journals. Something like molecular biology has certain<br />

boundaries whereas something like the studying the human<br />

brain might actually use something from molecular biology.<br />

Do you find that doing a PhD is quite stressful and if so<br />

how do you deal with that?<br />

Yeah it can be really stressful so my way of dealing with it is<br />

just working hard and getting the work done because once<br />

it’s done you’re not stressed anymore.<br />

But it’s not all work and no play, even with the all-consuming<br />

task of completing a Phd. daniel gets plenty of help from his<br />

colleagues in dublin where he has visited twice during his<br />

PhD.<br />

What was the purpose of going to Dublin?<br />

The project I’m working on is running here and at Trinity<br />

College in dublin. The purpose of me to go over there was<br />

actually to learn some analysis techniques from them<br />

that I couldn’t learn here. I did two stints in dublin; one for<br />

two weeks and the other for a month. The second trip was<br />

work for a month and then my girlfriend came over and we<br />

travelled around Europe.<br />

Do you have any advice for undergrad students going into<br />

postgrad?<br />

Firstly, you have to love it and the reason you have to love it is<br />

the limited number of spaces in research for a large number<br />

of people. So basically you’re going to have to work really hard<br />

doing long hours of difficult work for not as much money as<br />

you’d get in other fields. So if you’re going to do this you’ve<br />

got to love it because otherwise why would you do it?<br />

Do you feel like your Honours prepared you for a PhD?<br />

definitely, in my particular case it definitely did. I don’t think<br />

that’s always the case, the lab you’re in and the project you’ve<br />

got in your Honours varies a lot. In my case it prepared me<br />

well. I definitely recommend Honours to just get a little taste<br />

of research and then if you really love that then I recommend<br />

getting into research. But if you’re unsure then I would<br />

definitely advise against doing a Phd. You have to be fully<br />

sold on it and really motivated if you’re not fully sold and<br />

motivated at the start then you definitely won’t be by the end.<br />

What skills did you develop through Honours that<br />

prepared you for a PhD?<br />

Initiative, the ability to search for answers when you come up<br />

against a problem. Rather than waiting for someone to solve<br />

it for you you’ve really got to go and solve it yourself. That’s a<br />

big part of why I was successful in Honours. That’s the best<br />

thing I learnt from Honours is if you want to do well don’t<br />

wait for somebody else to do it for you, go and work it out for<br />

yourself. Actually, between the end of my third year and the<br />

start of Honours I also did a Summer Research Scholarship.<br />

That’s a great idea. They pay a little bit of money to take<br />

the pressure off so you can do that over summer instead of<br />

having a part-time job. I definitely recommend that.<br />

So according to daniel if you’re thinking you want to get into<br />

research a Summer Scholarship is the best way to ‘get a<br />

taste’. An Honours year is a great way to follow and if by this<br />

point you’re still hooked on research then a Phd is for you.


Puzzles<br />

Puzzle<br />

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Puzzle<br />

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Puzzle<br />

4<br />

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Honour Roll<br />

Success, fame and glamour can all be yours! Simply submit the<br />

answers to msa-lotswife@monash.edu and you’ll get your name<br />

published on this page in the next issue!<br />

Issue 3 Issue 4<br />

Max Zadnik<br />

Christopher E orrell<br />

William Molloy<br />

Sarah Spencer<br />

Christopher E orrell<br />

Max Zadnik<br />

Lucas Azzola<br />

Issue 5<br />

Christopher E orrell<br />

Max Zadnik

32<br />



Autonomous Weapons:<br />

A Call to Arms<br />

With special thanks to<br />

Gavin Kroeger and Jessie Crossman<br />

Honda’s ASIMO, a Humanoid AI<br />

Over 1,000 artificial intelligence (AI) experts, researchers<br />

and tech luminaries have signed an open letter calling for "a<br />

ban on offensive autonomous weapons beyond meaningful<br />

human control". Not to be confused with automatic<br />

weapons, these weapons are able to select and fire upon<br />

targets without any human intervention. Released at the<br />

International Joint Conferences on Artificial Intelligence on<br />

28 July, signatories include Professor Stephen Hawking,<br />

Tesla’s Elon Musk and Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak.<br />

The letter aimed to prevent a "global arms race" in the<br />

development and deployment of AI systems. Described<br />

as the "third revolution in warfare" and the "Kalashnikovs<br />

of tomorrow", autonomous weapons may be suited for<br />

assassinations, subduing populations or selective killing.<br />

The raw materials required for construction are cheap and<br />

easily obtainable, meaning it is possible for them to be massproduced.<br />

Experts suggest the technology may be mature<br />

within decades, but scientists and researchers involved<br />

have "no interest in building AI weapons" or "tarnish[ing]<br />

their field". While they may make battlefields safer for<br />

humans by negating the need for new weapons, the potential<br />

repercussions of autonomous weapons are profound.<br />

A weapons system is defined by four functions: trigger,<br />

targeting, navigation and mobility. Depending on the<br />

technology and programming, weapons are given varying<br />

degrees of autonomy. Precision-guided munitions like the<br />

Maverick missile include infrared, laser and television<br />

seekers. This affords them autonomous mobility, triggering<br />

and navigation. Targeting, however, may be decided using<br />

a preselected set of coordinates or data. Targeting and<br />

triggering often require some intervention by a human<br />

operator, such as programming targeting criteria or pulling<br />

the trigger.<br />

Currently, the US Department of Defence defines a semiautonomous<br />

weapon as one that "is intended only to engage<br />

individual targets or specific target groups that have been<br />

selected by a human operator". Yet this definition invites<br />

several questions. It does not define the identity and role<br />

of the operator, the target selection process and criteria,<br />

or the nature of engagement. The extent of the operator’s<br />

involvement must be considered, and how meaningful<br />

human control of the machine is.<br />

Furthermore, with current technology it is possible for<br />

semi-autonomous weapons to resemble something more


fully autonomous. They could easily have autonomous<br />

navigation and mobile capabilities. With advances in AI,<br />

targeting software could even be dynamic. Systems could<br />

use a set of training data and efficiently learn while deployed,<br />

then make their own decisions. Other targeting technologies<br />

include facial and image recognition software. But what of<br />

the triggering system? When, if ever, do we allow the machine<br />

to make the call?<br />

Take facial recognition software for instance. Facebook’s<br />

experimental DeepFace algorithm is able to identify human<br />

faces with 97.35% accuracy regardless of lighting or position.<br />

This is almost as accurate as the human capabilities, which<br />

score 97.5%. While this accuracy rate may seem high, we have<br />

to wonder if we can ever entrust a machine with the task of<br />

deciding whether someone should live or die if there is even a<br />

2.65% chance it will make the wrong call.<br />

Similar questions are currently being raised of the U.S.’s<br />

drone program. Created in the name of eliminating terrorism<br />

by Bush in 2001, Obama dramatically expanded the program.<br />

As autonomous weapons, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)<br />

have the advantage of replacing soldiers, risking fewer U.S.<br />

lives on the battlefield. However, the program is not only<br />

widely criticised for its lack of transparency but also the high<br />

number of civilian casualties. Since 2004, drones have killed<br />

approximately 4,000 Pakistani people alone, 1,000 of them<br />

civilians, including children.<br />

Drones reveal several other flaws in our use of autonomous<br />

weapons. Nobody knows how accurate the intelligence,<br />

the data, or the machines themselves are. Nobody knows<br />

whether or not the machine can then make the right call.<br />

Nobody knows whom the machine might kill. And if and when<br />

that happens, nobody will know whom to blame if meaningful<br />

levels of human intervention and control are not defined. It<br />

might be the programmers who select the targeting criteria,<br />

the operators responsible for the machine, or the one who<br />

signs off on the order. Whether it’s the judge, the jury, or<br />

the executioner, we have to ask ourselves: who will we hold<br />

personally accountable for the taking of a human life?<br />

The use of UAVs and assorted autonomous weapons leads<br />

us to question how they change the reality of warfare. While<br />

their use removes humans from the battlefield, this also<br />

removes the atrocities of war, allowing us to distance, excuse<br />

and desensitise ourselves from what should be recognised<br />

as a human tragedy. Additionally, some worry that machine<br />

initiated attacks will lower our threshold for warfare.<br />

"Personally, I believe warfare needs to stay horrific and<br />

brutal. We need it to be so to ensure we only fight wars<br />

as a last resort," says Toby Walsh, Professor of Artificial<br />

Intelligence at UNSW and NICTA, and fellow signatory to the<br />

letter. "Politicians have to see body bags coming home and<br />

be prepared to justify why they risk the lives of our sons and<br />

daughters."<br />

Without regulating these weapons we face dire<br />

consequences, perhaps even the ‘end of the human<br />

race’ as Stephen Hawking warns. We must maintain<br />

meaningful control. Experts are exploring the possibility<br />

that the weapons might be taught to differentiate between<br />

combatants and civilians. Lawmakers question whether they<br />

abide by international humanitarian and human rights laws,<br />

whether they can function ethically.<br />

Consequently, the possibility that this technology might<br />

be upon us within the coming decades necessitates such<br />

a letter and the consideration of pre-emptive policies.<br />

Campaign to Stop Killer Robots is one such group calling<br />

for prohibition. These issues were also discussed during a<br />

Human Rights Council session in April 2013, where questions<br />

such as: "in what situations are distinctively human traits,<br />

such as fear, hate, sense of honour and dignity, compassion<br />

and love desirable in combat?" and, "in what situations do<br />

machines lacking emotions offer distinct advantages over<br />

human combatants?" were considered.<br />

While many countries raised concerns, a ban was opposed<br />

by the UK. "Is a ban on technology which has yet to be full<br />

developed to maturity an appropriate course of action?<br />

I suggest not," said Dr William Boothby in a separate<br />

interview. A retired RAF air commodore and lawyer, Boothby<br />

was responsible for ensuring that newly acquired weapons<br />

conformed to the UK’s international humanitarian law<br />

obligations.<br />

Aside from weaponry however, AI has many more<br />

applications and moreover, benefits. While fully autonomous<br />

weapons rely on AI technologies, they are not one and the<br />

same. In the simplest terms, an autonomous weapon is<br />

able to make a decision. AI on the other hand, is far more<br />

dynamic, and able to emulate more complex human<br />

cognitive processes such as reasoning, problem solving and<br />

planning, among other things. While a mathematical model<br />

from the University of Wisconsin-Madison suggests that<br />

computers will be incapable of human consciousness and<br />

emotion, Hawking suggests that, "Humans, who are limited<br />

by slow biological evolution, couldn’t compete, and would be<br />

superseded."<br />

As of July, the Nao robot created by French company<br />

Aldebaran Robotics passed a self-awareness test. They<br />

were given a riddle, and in order to answer it, had to show<br />

understanding of the question, recognise its voice as distinct<br />

from other robots, and then link this back to the original<br />

question to show self-awareness. Additionally, in June,<br />

computer programme "Eugene Goostman" passed the Turing<br />

test, albeit mildly unconvincingly. The Turing Test assesses<br />

a robot’s capacity to mimic human thought and speech in<br />

a conversation. It should be noted that each of these tests<br />

are inherently flawed, however. A robot may be specifically<br />

programmed to emulate both of these functions.<br />

Robots may also be used to automate industrial processes,<br />

increase productivity and perform tasks too dangerous or<br />

impossible for people. AI technology from Honda’s humanoid<br />

robot ASIMO may be used in disaster response. Yet despite<br />

the increasing intelligence and application of robotics and<br />

AI, any responsible programmer will ensure their machine<br />

has safeguards. ASIMO is programmed to shut down should<br />

it attempt to build itself. Asimov’s laws of robotics stipulate<br />

that: "A robot may not harm humanity, or, by inaction, allow<br />

humanity to come to harm." So while robots may replace us<br />

and take our jobs, there’s no need to worry about them taking<br />

our lives.<br />

That is, unless they learn how to reprogram and control<br />


34<br />


By Farah Ibrahim<br />

Renewable Energy<br />

A Sector<br />

in Research<br />

and Development<br />

Because carbon emissions are causing climate change...<br />

Because we need to wean ourselves off foreign oil...<br />

Because fossil fuels are going to run out in the next hundred years...<br />

Because drilling for oil sometimes causes spills...<br />

What do the four statements have in common? They’re<br />

reasons for investing in renewable energy.<br />

On June 29th, Bill Gates announced he is going to invest $2<br />

billion over the next five years in renewable energy.<br />

Last year, worldwide investment in renewables increased<br />

17 per cent, according to the Frankfurt School-UNEP<br />

Collaborating Centre for Climate and Sustainable Energy<br />

Finance.<br />

The hunt for the energy of the future is on.<br />

Solar Energy<br />

"Solar Energy is most attractive because the sun will<br />

never disappear", says Professor Yibing Cheng from Monash<br />

University. He has been researching solar panels for the past<br />

10 years and believes that solar is the energy source of the<br />

future.<br />

It is abundant and can be used in land-locked countries.<br />

Solar energy is synonymous with silicon solar cells.<br />

However, the iconic, black panels we see atop rooftops and in<br />

solar power plants, are "not commercially competitive", says<br />

Professor Cheng.<br />

The production of silicon wafers and silica sand used<br />

in these panels are expensive. So is their installation and<br />

maintenance.<br />

The challenge of the solar energy sector is to make solar<br />

panels more economical. For Professor Cheng, this means a<br />

new type of solar energy - the printed thin film solar cells.<br />

Based on wet solvents and ink, these solar cells can be<br />

printed.<br />

Professor Cheng hopes this new technology will do for solar<br />

energy what the printing press did for newspapers: make<br />

them so cheap and easy to produce that solar panels would<br />

be as common place and accessible as your daily newspaper.<br />

Currently, silicon based solar cells dominate ninety per cent<br />

of the market. In order to compete with that, the new thin<br />

film solar cells would need to be more than three times more<br />

efficient.<br />

These new solar cells are not in their infant stages of<br />

development. Flexible, polymer solar cells are out in the<br />

market, but have the same problem- too expensive for mass<br />

production and not very efficient. Plus they’re not printed<br />

and would not bring about the revolution that Professor<br />

Cheng envisions.<br />

To make solar energy the powerhouse energy of the future<br />

that Professor Cheng has in mind, there would have to be<br />

a flurry of new technologies of printing, capsulation, solar<br />

panel materials and solar cell structures.<br />

Biofuels<br />

Biofuels, since they come in liquid form, are seen as an<br />

easier a substitute for fossil fuels.<br />

Bioethanol can be substituted for petrol and biodiesel for<br />

petroleum diesel.<br />

Biodiesel is available in blends, according to the Biofuel<br />

Association of Australia. B100 is biofuel on its own. B5 is five<br />

per cent biodiesel mixed with petrodiesel. It does not need<br />

to be labelled as a biofuel when sold. A blend of 20 per cent<br />

biodiesel with petrol diesel is not available for commercial<br />

use.<br />

However, biofuels have been criticised for taking resources<br />

away from agriculture. Land and water that could be used for<br />

food crops or for feedstock are diverted for biofuels.<br />

Algae-based biofuels remedy this, explains RMIT University<br />

professor Aidyn Mouradov. Algae grow in saline, brackish or<br />

wastewater. Thus, it doesn’t need agricultural land.<br />

It can also be produced quickly. Algae are fast growing and<br />

take eight to twelve hours to double their biomass.<br />

EADS Airbus has tested algae-based biofuels for jet-fuel.<br />

However, it is not yet currently available for commercial use.<br />

Commercially and practically, fossil fuels dominate the<br />

markets.<br />

In 2012-2013, about 72% of Australia’s electricity was<br />

produced by black and brown coal, according to the Energy<br />

Supply Association of Australia. Meanwhile, the renewable<br />

energy from wind and hydro sources took up 11 per cent.<br />

Despite this unfortunate fact, the future looks brighter, with<br />

investment in renewable energy overtaking investment in<br />

fossil fuels in that same period.<br />

Image Courtesy of:<br />



Internships<br />

Quite a few positions<br />

are open at the moment!<br />

Best of luck!<br />

Company Where When Looking For Length Paid? Apply<br />

PwC<br />

Adelaide, Brisbane,<br />

Canberra,<br />

Melbourne,<br />

Newcastle, Perth,<br />

Sydney<br />

Summer<br />

Engineering<br />

Students<br />

3-8 Weeks Unspecified before mid August<br />

Aurecon<br />

GE<br />

KPMG<br />

Hatch<br />

Suncorp Bank<br />

Deloitte<br />

Brisbane,<br />

Melbourne, Sydney<br />

Brisbane,<br />

Melbourne, Perth,<br />

Sydney<br />

Adelaide, Brisbane,<br />

Canberra, Hobart,<br />

Melbourne, Perth,<br />

Sydney,<br />

Wollongong<br />

Brisbane,<br />

Newcastle, Perth,<br />

Sydney, Townsville<br />

Brisbane,<br />

Melbourne, Sydney<br />

Adelaide, Alice<br />

Springs, Canberra,<br />

Darwin, Hobart,<br />

Melbourne, Perth,<br />

Sydney<br />

Summer<br />

Summer<br />

Summer & Grad<br />

Positions<br />

Summer<br />

Summer<br />

Grad Positions<br />

Engineering<br />

Students<br />

Engineering<br />

Students<br />

Engineering<br />

Students<br />

Engineering and<br />

Science Students<br />

Engineering<br />

Students<br />

Engineering<br />

Students<br />

3 Months Unspecified before mid August<br />

3 Months Unspecified before mid August<br />

8-12 Weeks Unspecified before August 23<br />

3 Months Yes before August 23<br />

10 Weeks Yes before September<br />

- Yes<br />

before September<br />

2<br />

CBA Sydney Summer All Students 10 Weeks Unspecified from July<br />

Orica<br />

Adelaide,<br />

Gladstone, Mackay,<br />

Melbourne,<br />

Newcastle, Sydney,<br />

Townville<br />

Summer<br />

Engineering<br />

Students<br />

3 Months Yes from October<br />

Jane Street<br />

Hong Kong,<br />

London, New York<br />

Northern<br />

Hemisphere Winter<br />

Eng/Science/IT<br />

Students<br />

2-4 Weeks Unspecified Unspecified

36<br />


By Riana Samuel<br />

Mysteries of the Human Body<br />

What causes bad breath?<br />

Bad breath, or halitosis as it is medically known, is an age<br />

old problem for almost everyone. 85% of cases are due to<br />

bacterial microflora of the mouth producing nasty smelling<br />

compounds such as hydrogen sulphide (think rotting eggs)<br />

and methyl mercaptan. Studies done on patients with<br />

halitosis found the types of bacteria in their mouths differed<br />

to those in the control patients. Even though these bacteria<br />

do not cause disease, a patient’s poor breath can have social<br />

or psychological effects on their health. Even though bacteria<br />

are the main cause, there are other factors such as eating<br />

or drinking certain foods such as garlic or alcohol, smoking<br />

and gastrointestinal or lung disorders. The best thing to do<br />

as a preventive measure is good oral hygiene or a suitable<br />

mouthwash.<br />

What causes body odour?<br />

Everyone’s sweat is actually odourless (I’ve tried telling my<br />

mum this fact but she doesn’t believe a word). What causes<br />

our own unique odour is a mixture of diet, gender, genetics,<br />

health, medication, and mood. These factors affect the type<br />

of substances that we excrete in our sweat, which are then<br />

metabolised by various bacteria on our skin surface. Now this<br />

may seem like an outlandish idea to anyone who has had a<br />

whiff of clothing worn during any form of physical activity,<br />

but our individual odours are actually a way for picking a<br />

suitable mate. The MHC class of proteins which are so critical<br />

to immunity have an effect on what odours we find attractive.<br />

Potential partners with immune systems most different to<br />

us will smell more attractive than one who has an immune<br />

system which is more similar. For those who want to improve<br />

their body odour, not much can be done except improving<br />

overall diet and hygiene.<br />

Why do pregnant women experience cravings?<br />

Pregnancy is one of the most important times in a woman’s<br />

life when many important changes are taking place, yet no<br />

change is more disconcerting than watching a pregnant<br />

woman wolfing down a bowl of ice cream and pickles or some<br />

other absurd combination of culinary delights. As to why<br />

women crave weird combinations of foods no one knows for<br />

sure, but there are a few theories. Firstly, scientists believe<br />

the fluctuation of female hormones such as oestrogen and<br />

progesterone cause cravings; based on the fact that women<br />

can crave foods they had no affinity for prior to pregnancy.<br />

The second major theory is that cravings are the body’s way<br />

of indicating that there is some nutrient deficiency present,<br />

and compensates through craving foods that will correct<br />

this deficiency regardless of their combination. There is<br />

also some research to suggest that a naturally occurring<br />

substance in the body, endogenous opioid peptides (EOPs),<br />

modulate our longings for food. Studies on pregnant women<br />

show heightened levels of these peptides. Normally, cravings<br />

during pregnancy are not harmful however some women do<br />

crave items that are not foods and could potentially cause<br />

damage. This is medically termed pica, and can include<br />

things like dirt, paper or coal.<br />

Why do you get a lump in your throat when you’re sad?<br />

We all know the feeling, watching a particular sad film or<br />

during a wedding when we get a sensation that something is<br />

lodged quite firmly in our throat. Scientists have a name for<br />

this phenomenon: globus sensation. The globus sensation<br />

is an exaggerated awareness of the muscle spasm of the<br />

oesophagus. For most of us it is a normal response to<br />

emotions such as sadness, panic or anxiety; however for<br />

some it can indicate underlying pathology like inflammation<br />

due to gastrointestinal reflux or depression.<br />

Why do most men go bald with age?<br />

Baldness in general is caused by a wide variety of factors, but<br />

for the purposes of this question the focus is on the type of<br />

hair loss that can reduce grown men to tears: male pattern<br />

baldness or androgenetic alopecia. Contrary to popular belief,<br />

baldness is actually caused by oversensitivity to circulating<br />

male hormones, in particular dihydrotestosterone (DHT).<br />

DHT is a powerful sex hormone and promoter of hair growth<br />

on the body and face, however it adversely affects hair on<br />

the head. This is done by the gradual process of follicular<br />

miniaturization, until eventually hair shaft width is so<br />

diminished that all that is left is fragile fuzz-like hair or even<br />

complete lack of it. There is some dispute as to why baldness<br />

actually occurs in an evolutionary sense, although one theory<br />

is generally accepted. This theory states that baldness is<br />

a sign of enhanced social status and maturity but with<br />

reduced physical threat, which could be more appealing to<br />

females searching for a long term partner to raise offspring<br />

until adulthood. Today baldness is seen as something quite<br />

the opposite, and although some men adapt to the change<br />

well, there are others for whom there are many social and<br />

psychological problems. However baldness will affect all<br />

of us, male or female, to some extent so we might as well<br />

embrace it!

37 37<br />

PoLITICS<br />

Arts & Culture<br />



Anna Zhang<br />

Cassie Spry<br />

Emily Neilsen<br />

Elyse Walton<br />

Lisa Healy<br />

Chloe Blythman<br />

Grace McKinnon<br />

Brodie Everist

38<br />


By Anna Zhang<br />

Education:<br />

An answer to the<br />

Goodes saga<br />

The situation with Adam Goodes has provided us with<br />

an opportunity to reflect on our cultural competence as<br />

a nation. Although Australia appears to pride itself on its<br />

multiculturalism, we have found ourselves at odds with<br />

the ideal because of the lack of a rigorous formal cultural<br />

education system.<br />

The response - and more concerning - the even split<br />

between those who view the booing as racist, and those who<br />

view it as part of the game, represent something far more<br />

disturbing; our state of affairs with regards to how we view,<br />

understand, and treat Australia’s first people.<br />

The Development Model of Intercultural Sensitivity,<br />

developed by Milton J. Bennett of the Intercultural<br />

Development Research Institute, helps us explain this issue.<br />

According to the scale, our responses to ‘difference’ are<br />

indicative of our cognitive evolution. At the beginning of this<br />

scale is "denial of difference" where individuals view their<br />

culture as the only ‘real’ one. As an individual’s cognitive<br />

abilities develops along the continuum, they move through<br />

the stages of defence, minimisation, acceptance, adaptation,<br />

and finally integration. Once, the individual reaches the stage<br />

of integration, they are able to develop empathy towards<br />

other cultures.<br />

When explained through this model, the curious element<br />

of a fairly even split between those who view the booing as<br />

racist, and those who view it as part of the game, becomes<br />

less than curious. In fact, it indicates that the majority of<br />

participants in the debate speak from a place of "denial",<br />

"defence" or "minimisation". This suggests that as a nation,<br />

we are still in the first three stages of cultural evolution.<br />

Therefore, it is an almost fruitless endeavour to find<br />

common ground on an issue of culture and race, especially<br />

as the majority of our population think from a place of<br />

cultural illiteracy.<br />

However, the identification of this issue provides us with<br />

an opportunity to tailor our education system to facilitate<br />

cultural competence.<br />

We could begin by looking to our neighbours for guidance.<br />

Although New Zealand’s system is far from perfect and has<br />

a long way to go with redressing the inequalities of the past<br />

and present, we can still learn a thing or two.<br />

Where New Zealand have succeeded is engaging in a<br />

rigorous formal cultural education from the time children<br />

begin school, what struck me the most when I arrived in<br />

Australia was the silence in everyday vernacular with regards<br />

to culture. It wasn’t that people were unwilling to discuss the<br />

issue of their missing history, but the fact that people were<br />

unaware of their missing history. The ignorance and genuine<br />

lack of care for Australia’s first people comes from a place of<br />

not knowing.<br />

By addressing this gap in our cultural education, we will be<br />

better equip to respond to cultural differences and move to a<br />

place of respect and empathy. So that when we find ourselves<br />

in the rapture and craze that is Australian football, and our<br />

fellow neighbour decides to express his cultural identity, we<br />

are able to respond to him with admiration, respect and a<br />

curiosity to learn.<br />

Sports, and in particular, Australian Football has<br />

historically been a vehicle that inspires social change. Think<br />

of the day in 1993 when Nicky Winmar drew the line against<br />

racism. He had the courage to not only stand up against the<br />

racial abuse that was directed at him, but symbolically, he<br />

also challenged the injustices that his people have been<br />

subjected to for generations. In response, the AFL instigated<br />

the Racial and Religious Vilification Act in 1995. It was the<br />

first of its kind in Australian sports, but more importantly,<br />

years later, the Victorian government followed suit and in<br />

2001 implemented the Racial and Religious Tolerance Act.<br />

So here we find ourselves a decade later in <strong>2015</strong> where<br />

sports has been used as a platform to discuss social<br />

change. Adam Goodes has provided us with an opportunity<br />

to truly reflect on the foundation on which our country is<br />

built – injustice and silence. Will we take this opportunity to<br />

reconcile with Australia’s first people, the oldest continuing<br />

culture on the planet? Do this, and we may find that our<br />

country’s culture will become richer for it.<br />

Would we continue booing if we truly understood the<br />

continuing racism and disadvantage experienced by<br />

Aboriginal Australians? Would we continue booing if we knew<br />

of our dark and uncomfortable past?<br />

As the late Nelson Mandela said, "Education is the most<br />

powerful tool which you can use to change the world."<br />

I am hoping that we have the humility to see our<br />

misgivings, the courage to stand for what’s right and the<br />

vision to create a future based on values of justice, empathy<br />

and community.

ARTS & CULTURE 39<br />

Intersectionality and Feminism<br />

The Taylor Swift/Nicki Minaj<br />

Twitter Debate<br />


"The intersection of forms of<br />

discrimination are important<br />

for all women to discuss as<br />

discrimination often does<br />

not happen in isolation. The<br />

problems that Minaj faces as<br />

a woman are not necessarily<br />

separate from the problems she<br />

faces as a person of colour."<br />

Taylor Swift’s response to Nicki Minaj’s tweets calling out<br />

racism in the VMAs sparked a fierce debate about which of<br />

the two feminists was in the wrong. All Swift accomplished<br />

was to derail Minaj’s valid points about discrimination in the<br />

music industry. This situation has shown the importance of<br />

intersectionality in feminism.<br />

The ‘feud’ started when Minaj tweeted her anger for being<br />

overlooked for many awards she believed she deserved<br />

nominations for in the <strong>2015</strong> VMAs. She said ‘If I were a<br />

different "kind" of artist, Anaconda would be nominated for<br />

best choreo and vid of the year as well’ and also tweeted<br />

‘When "other" girls drop a video that breaks records and<br />

impacts culture they get that nomination.’<br />

But when she tweeted "If your video celebrates women with<br />

very slim bodies, you will be nominated for vid of the year",<br />

Swift believed Minaj was personally attacking her and her<br />

video ‘Bad Blood’ rather than the racism and sizeism in the<br />

industry.<br />

Regardless of whether Minaj was talking about Swift or not<br />

(it’s more likely she was talking about Miley Cyrus’ infamous<br />

video ‘Wrecking Ball’), Swiff should not have made it all about<br />

her. Minaj was talking about something bigger than any<br />

one artist; she was talking about the structure of the music<br />

industry and how it rewards white women over women of<br />

colour.<br />

Taylor Swift demonstrated that she is a textbook white<br />

feminist by making the issue about women in general<br />

instead of engaging in how racism affects female artists.<br />

Many people feel personally attacked by the term white<br />

feminism, but it doesn’t refer to every feminist who is white,<br />

but rather to a method of feminism. It is the type of feminism<br />

that focuses on issues that affect white, middle-class,<br />

straight, abled, cis women, and ignores how different types of<br />

discrimination can intersect.<br />

In this instance, white feminism meant prioritising the<br />

experiences of sexism above the experiences of racism<br />

through Swift saying "maybe one of the men took your spot".<br />

Intersectional feminism looks at the experiences of people<br />

who face more than one form of discrimination and<br />

oppression; such as transwomen, disabled women, nonheterosexual<br />

women, religious women, and especially women<br />

of colour, and how they are often discriminated against<br />

differently because of their overlapping identities.<br />

This is crucial in a political discussion that has historically<br />

been dominated by cis white women who have purposely<br />

excluded women of colour for decades.<br />

In the fight for voting rights in Australia, white women<br />

fought for their own suffrage while still standing firmly<br />

against Aboriginal women’s (and men’s) right to vote.<br />

The Commonwealth Franchise Act (1902), which suffragettes<br />

celebrated so joyously had a clause specifically prohibiting<br />

"aboriginal native[s] of Australia Asia Africa or the Islands of<br />

the Pacific except New Zealand" from voting, unless they were<br />

already enrolled to vote in their state elections.<br />

Even in the cases where they could vote, it was strongly<br />

discouraged and many were kept ignorant of their rights.<br />

It was not until 1965 that Aboriginals across Australia<br />

had the right to vote. This could have been avoided if more<br />

suffragettes included indigenous women when they were<br />

advocating for their own rights.<br />

In light of a history of exclusion of women of colour in<br />

feminism, it is particularly important that they have a voice<br />

now and are not overshadowed by white women who insist<br />

in only discussing issues that affect all women and who<br />

use ‘solidarity’ to derail important discussions about the<br />

experiences and discrimination of women of colour.<br />

The intersection of forms of discrimination are important<br />

for all women to discuss as discrimination often does not<br />

happen in isolation. The problems that Minaj faces as a<br />

woman are not necessarily separate from the problems she<br />

faces as a person of colour. Discrimination can occur from<br />

both of these parts of her identity at once.<br />

By making the issue about her, Swift robbed Minaj of<br />

the opportunity to have a productive discussion on the<br />

discrimination that she faces in the music industry and she<br />

robbed her from being able to educate more people on how<br />

the intersection of race, gender, and body type affects her<br />

and many others.

40<br />


By Emily Neilsen<br />

Is it real love?<br />

The Bachelor is a show that takes 25 contestants (‘hot’, single<br />

females) who compete to win the love of one man who has<br />

been deemed a suitable and eligible bachelor. These females<br />

all live together and are gradually eliminated (read: dumped)<br />

not by text message, not in private, but on national TV in front<br />

of all the other contestants. The Bachelor gives everyone a<br />

rose except for the girls who failed to win his heart. The rose<br />

will deteriorate a few days later – a perfect symbol for the<br />

result of most relationships on The Bachelor. With Australia<br />

joining in on the fun, Network Ten is currently screening the<br />

third season and have announced the next season will be The<br />

Bachelorette. Hilariously, the Bachelorette will be a girl from<br />

the last season who was left broken hearted.<br />

Let’s examine what has made you get to the point of<br />

auditioning for this show. Going to bars, joining social groups<br />

and talking to strangers didn’t seem to work, so instead<br />

you’ve decided to be on a show where you will have a 1 in 25<br />

chance of winning the affection of a man you may not even<br />

be interested in. But with competition comes the need to win,<br />

and being in it for the long haul could see you go on some<br />

pretty amazing dates. Skydiving or a trip to Thailand? Any<br />

type of date you want is possible. While these could be the<br />

best fun of your life, any date after that probably won’t be<br />

the same. Once you’re away from the cameras and forced to<br />

deal with every day life together, that’s where the real drama<br />

happens. That’s what the show hasn’t quite figured out – how<br />

to keep the relationships going.<br />

The show draws comparisons to Playboy Mansion. You have<br />

the Bachelor, you have the hot girls who fawn over him, and<br />

you have the money. Is it wrong that the two are so similar?<br />

That’s up to you to decide.<br />

But one of the biggest similarities is, admittedly, it’s<br />

thoroughly entertaining. I get angry when I see the girls vying<br />

for the same guy. I want to throw things at the screen when<br />

they make the girls go through the rose ceremony, and I think<br />

it is a ridiculously unrealistic way to find love. But it’s the<br />

perfect excuse to hang with your pals, drink lots of wine, and<br />

complain about your love life and vow to never audition for a<br />

show to find love.<br />

It’s entertainment; it’s not real life. So if you plan on<br />

finding someone in real life, maybe stick to the good old<br />

simple dating tactics, unless you feel like a touch of drama<br />

is needed in your life. What would really make it interesting<br />

would be to see a bisexual person as The Bachelor/<br />

Bachelorette. We’d have to wait for Australia to legalise gay<br />

marriage for that to happen though, so that’s another battle<br />

in itself.<br />

Hey there sexy, I heard you’re<br />

still a single pringle and<br />

haven’t found your perfect<br />

someone yet. The television<br />

industry has a solution for<br />

you. The Bachelor.<br />

Before you do audition,<br />

please consider the side<br />

effects: extreme jealousy,<br />

feelings of insecurity,<br />

humiliation during and<br />

after the show has aired,<br />

a tarnished reputation (or<br />

sometimes a better one if you<br />

play your cards right) and<br />

low self-esteem... unless you<br />

win.<br />

Until then, we rely on Sam Wood, this season’s Australian<br />

bachelor. In terms of his love life, no one knows the result<br />

yet. In terms of the viewers, it has so far served as a reminder<br />

to not take love too seriously. Or at least the love we see on<br />

TV. Good luck Sam, and please don’t make me hurl another<br />

pillow at the screen for not eliminating Sandra.

ARTS & CULTURE 41<br />

Cecil the Lion and the<br />

Debate on Hunting<br />

BY Elyse Walton<br />

For the past couple of weeks, my newsfeed has been flooded<br />

with reports of the shooting of Zimbabwean Cecil the Lion by<br />

an American dentist and big-game hunting enthusiast. The<br />

controversy attracted international attention, resulting in<br />

major backlash from conservationists, celebrities, politicians<br />

and global and social media. Cecil’s story has reignited a<br />

debate on the flourishing business of African trophy hunting,<br />

the sport of killing wild game and keeping heads, antlers<br />

and pelts as souvenirs, and the industry’s effects on wildlife<br />

conservation.<br />

Walter Palmer allegedly paid $55,000 to professional<br />

hunter and guide Theo Bronkhorst for the opportunity to kill a<br />

lion. Cecil was lured a kilometer from Hwange National Park,<br />

Zimbabwe’s largest game park, and shot with a crossbow. On<br />

July 1, <strong>2015</strong>, 40 hours later, Cecil was tracked and killed with<br />

a rifle.<br />

Cecil’s ruthless killing has sparked global outrage.<br />

Palmer’s 1.1 million dollar Florida home has been vandalized.<br />

After having his personal details posted online and<br />

numerous hate messages and death threats, he has gone<br />

into hiding. The online petition "Justice for Cecil", demanding<br />

the Zimbabwean government cease issuing hunting permits<br />

for endangered animals, has over 900,000 signatures. The<br />

president of PETA, Ingrid Newkirk, has called for Palmer to be<br />

tried and hanged. Big name celebrities have been extremely<br />

vocal about the issue, from Jimmy Falon to Mia Farrow.<br />

Initially I was delighted to see a call for action for lion<br />

conservation. With less than 30,000 left in the wild, the lion<br />

population has dropped an estimated 30% to 50% in the past<br />

20 years alone. Over 665 lion carcasses are exported from<br />

Africa annually and the industry generates approximately<br />

$613 million to South African reserves. Multiple studies have<br />

concluded that trophy hunting negatively impacts African<br />

lion populations, including the Oxford University research<br />

study on the impact of hunting on Hwange National Park, of<br />

which Cecil was a subject. Of the 62 lions studied, 34 lions<br />

have died during the study period, 24 of those deaths as a<br />

result of sports hunting.<br />

Many hunters and researchers argue that trophy hunting<br />

is beneficial to wildlife conservation as its substantial<br />

revenue funds conservation initiatives and assists African<br />

communities. However, this argument was disproven by<br />

the International Fund for Animal Welfare’s 2013 report<br />

demonstrating that trophy hunting only accounts for 0.27<br />

percent or less of the GDP of each African country in which<br />

it’s conducted.<br />

The history of hunting runs deep with colonialism and it<br />

"The history of hunting<br />

runs deep with colonialism<br />

and it is a ritual of white<br />

dominance. When Britain<br />

invaded Africa around 1870,<br />

British sportsman often used<br />

their ideas of "fairness" to<br />

distinguish themselves from<br />

Indigenous hunters."<br />

is a ritual of white dominance. When Britain invaded Africa<br />

around 1870, British sportsman often used their ideas<br />

of "fairness" to distinguish themselves from Indigenous<br />

hunters. Imperialist American president Theodore Roosevelt,<br />

was an avid big-game hunter, and firm believer in eugenics.<br />

Cecil himself is named after Cecil Rhodes, the founder and<br />

colonizer of Rhodesia.<br />

Today, trophy hunting remains a "white man’s" sport<br />

throughout southern Africa. Professional hunters are<br />

often white men willing to pay thousands of dollars to kill<br />

endangered animals, which they are able to afford thanks<br />

to their large disposable income. With over 70% of the<br />

Zimbabwean population living below the poverty line, most<br />

aren’t able to afford the "luxury" of hunting. Many hadn’t even<br />

heard of Cecil at all, despite reports of him being the most<br />

famous lion in Africa.<br />

That’s when I realized the campaign to avenge Cecil was<br />

also displaying the presence of colonialism today. Why<br />

aren’t Westerners concerned about Zimbabwe’s staggering<br />

poverty rate? Why isn’t there continual media coverage about<br />

the human rights violations at the hands of Zimbabwe’s<br />

authoritarian president Robert Mugabe? Of all the issues to<br />

tackle in Zimbabwe, which one deserves the most attention?

42<br />



Celebrities and the<br />

Get Out of Jail Free card<br />

Content Warning: Sexual violence and sexual absue<br />

If you were asked, ‘What do Floyd Mayweather, Chris Brown,<br />

Bill Cosby, Roman Polanski and Sean Penn all have in<br />

common?’ what would you answer? No, the answer is not<br />

that they are all (assumedly) worth millions and drive cool<br />

cars and that their whole lives are well-documented for<br />

us mere peasants to constantly view. The correct answer<br />

is that each of these men, at some point in their careers,<br />

have allegedly committed acts of violence towards others,<br />

those being predominantly women. While we may remember<br />

Chris Brown’s vicious attack against Rihanna, have some<br />

inkling of an idea about just how crappy a human Floyd<br />

Mayweather is and are constantly being updated on the Bill<br />

Cosby saga, these men can still circulate in their glitzy and<br />

glamorous world. Many of them do not receive the scrutiny<br />

they deserve or are legally punished for their actions, and<br />

if they are, most earn a slap on the wrist in comparison to<br />

non-famous offenders and are sent back into the world of<br />

fame. This is not to say that fame is the be-all and end-all<br />

and I myself supporter of the ‘Just Say No’ campaign when it<br />

comes to poisonous aspects of the celebrity world. Yet, when<br />

these perpetrators’ actions are made public, society does not<br />

react in the way that it should or that it would if it was your<br />

average Joe committing the crime.<br />

This may be because we hold celebrities up on a pedestal<br />

and fail to view them negatively yet interestingly, if a celebrity<br />

does do something wrong, it is occasionally regarded as the<br />

utmost blasphemy and individuals outside the fame realm<br />

often personalise the issue by acting as if the consequences<br />

have somehow affect them. Going way back to the noughties,<br />

when news broke that Brad Pitt left Jennifer Aniston for<br />

Angelina Jolie there was widespread outrage; albeit mostly<br />

from gossip columnists. "HOW DARE Angelina steal Jennifer’s<br />

man? What must have gone on behind closed doors? How<br />

will Jennifer go on!?" And what has continued since is the<br />

10-year long weekly update on Jennifer’s romantic life, with<br />

important questions such as, ‘Will she ever find love? Is he<br />

the one? Does Jen want children? Is she truly happy!?!!??!’<br />

being asked. Celeb enthusiasts treated the divorce like Jen<br />

was their best friend and Angelina was the wench from work<br />

who was just so awful for stealing Brad. Of course, Brad didn’t<br />

really do anything wrong, y’know, being the one married and<br />

all. He just stood there looking pretty and that evil temptress<br />

just swooped in and dug her claws into him. So why do we<br />

‘pick and choose’ when it comes to what celebrity issues we<br />

truly care about and consider worth our time and attention<br />

and those that we are happy to sweep under the rug?<br />

The case regarding Bill Cosby has seen one cat come out<br />

of the bag, followed by another 46. People have come forward<br />

to relate their experiences of date rape, sexual harassment<br />

and abuse at the hands of the 77 year old pervert and his<br />

Quaaludes. Some cases even stretch back to over 40 years<br />

ago. Ex-America’s Next Top Model hard-ass judge Janice<br />

Dickinson came forward stating that Cosby assaulted her<br />

in 1982 and when she finally wanted to share the assault in<br />

her 2002 memoir, Cosby and his lawyers pressured her and<br />

the publishing company to remain hush-hush about the<br />

incident. With the first allegations arising in the mid-2000’s,<br />

it has been a long process for victims, who would presumably<br />

have felt alone, ashamed and isolated in their experiences, to<br />

finally speak out against someone who has been held in such<br />

high regard by the public. And because of his persona, it has<br />

been a long and arduous process for people to believe that<br />

perhaps ‘good ol’ Cosby’ did commit these crimes. Many have<br />

lampooned the alleged victims as money hungry nobodies,<br />

hoping to destroy his career. Big name celebrities like Whoopi<br />

Goldberg have stuck to their Cosby-supporting guns and<br />

preached of his greatness. While there has been a great deal<br />

of support for the alleged victims and celebrities and network<br />

channels have been pulling the plug on their support and<br />

airtime for the star, the Cosby debacle has shown a particular<br />

reluctance by many to take the victims’ word seriously.<br />

Then there is Floyd Mayweather, who actually likes<br />

to spend his days being physically violent. Whether it’s<br />

hitting a punching bag in training practice, trying to knock<br />

out one of his opponents in the ring, or brutally beating<br />

innocent women, it’s not a full day for the boxer unless he’s<br />

somehow released his aggression in an extremely negative<br />

fashion. Ruby Rose, who was once championed by people<br />

everywhere has recently come under fire for posting a photo<br />

on Instagram of her and Mayweather together, labelling<br />

him ‘the champ’ and clearly demonstrating her support for<br />

the boxer. While it is good we are having the conversation<br />

about how celebrity endorsements of other celebrities with<br />

disreputable histories (or present actions) can be extremely<br />

damaging, there is a string of celebrities who have flaunted<br />

support for Mayweather. Moreover, a surprising amount<br />

of these supporters are women. Beyonce, along with Jay Z<br />

both cheered for him at his game and Mariah Carey and<br />

Nicki Minaj haven’t been afraid to take a few snaps with<br />

him and act like bffls. What is most irritating is that all of

ARTS & CULTURE 43<br />

‘Is it then possible to separate the man from his work? And if<br />

we can, if we do decide to continue to support them and their<br />

work, is there a possibility to find a balance? Or is it simply<br />

unethical to demonstrate any support for these people who<br />

have shown that they are simply unworthy of it?’<br />

this completely contradicts these celebrities’ staunch and<br />

purported feminist positions. Did they not think that by<br />

showing support for this man they are then subsequently<br />

supporting his string of domestic violence, which has been<br />

public knowledge since 2002 and to which he has received<br />

comparatively light jail sentences? Yet, surprisingly, when<br />

the Mayweather v. Pacquiao boxing match took place earlier<br />

this year, the focus laid less on his crimes - such as beating<br />

his now ex-girlfriend in 2010 in front of their children - and<br />

more on how he shouldn’t have won and Pacquiao was more<br />

deserving. The boxing industry’s elevation of him, which<br />

passively condones his actions and normalises them to<br />

society, is just insulting to the people, and his children, who<br />

he has brought distress and harm upon, as well as to anyone<br />

else who has had to endure any similar form of abuse.<br />

Is it then possible to separate the man from his work?<br />

And if we can, if we do decide to continue to support them<br />

and their work, is there a possibility to find a balance? Or<br />

is it simply unethical to demonstrate any support for these<br />

people who have shown that they are simply unworthy of it?<br />

Because by being passive consumers and singing along to<br />

the charming lyrics of Brown’s that "these hoes ain’t loyal"<br />

is giving credence to these men and enforcing that as much<br />

as we, as a general populace, think they are a typically awful<br />

person, because they so happen to exist in the world of fame<br />

and fortune, their work-related efforts account for much<br />

more than their violent, abusive nature.<br />

Fiona McCormack, a guest speaker at the Human Rights<br />

Conference <strong>2015</strong> hosted by Monash’s Castan Centre for<br />

Human Rights Law, spoke about domestic violence and<br />

where this issue stems from. With 95% of domestic violence<br />

perpetrated by men, the issue is largely a gender-based one.<br />

Common factors listed by the media that are to blame for<br />

abuse in the home include mental health issues, economic<br />

stress, upbringing and environment, and alcohol and drug<br />

abuse. While these can play a part in some cases, they<br />

are not the ultimate driving force behind what is now one<br />

woman a week losing her life due to domestic violence. Rigid<br />

stereotypes, the status of women and violence supported<br />

attitudes are often the catalyst for these behaviours and<br />

if these perceptions of gender are not challenged, we are<br />

therefore supporting these attitudes and propagating<br />

ingrained beliefs and gender stereotypes. This mirrors our<br />

perception of these male celebrities who have caused harm<br />

to others. If we do not challenge their actions and if we<br />

continue to support them by buying their albums, liking<br />

their Instagram posts or simply ignoring their crimes, we are<br />

allowing them to continue forth, untouched and unscathed.<br />

Even the beacon of sagacity that is Pitbull has chipped<br />

in his two cents on the Rihanna and Chris Brown fiasco in<br />

2009, stating that "there’s her story, there’s his story, and<br />

then the truth." That doesn’t actually deter from the fact<br />

that the truth is not completely separate from their version<br />

of events and that his comments make as little sense as<br />

his vomit-inducing lyrics do. So their versions of the events<br />

cannot intertwine with the truth? So maybe Rihanna fell out<br />

of a moving car and that is how she came to look severely<br />

beaten and bruised? And maybe Chris Brown just drove<br />

his Lamborghini around town, flashing his high beams? By<br />

Pitbull excusing Brown for his actions by labelling him as<br />

a poor, young lad who "just finds trouble", the blame steers<br />

away from Brown and his actions are seen as the result of<br />

provocation from Rihanna.<br />

Whether people wish to admit it or not, the world of<br />

Hollywood and the like does have a profound effect on<br />

society with people often using celebrities as a measuring<br />

stick for their own actions. By demonstrating that men<br />

who commit wrongdoings, hold misogynistic and harmful<br />

attitudes towards women are allowed to succeed and have<br />

undue support in their lives serves only to normalise and<br />

perpetuate victim blaming.<br />

Celebrities are not perfectly invincible creatures whose<br />

worth transcends that of non-celebrities; they are humans<br />

who make mistakes and need to be held accountable to the<br />

same degree as anyone else. This belief that they are more<br />

worthy and outside of the rule of law disseminates an elitist<br />

attitude and is damaging to the outside community. We<br />

need to stop victimising the perpetrator and de-victimising<br />

the victim – it’s ignorant, offensive and destructive. It<br />

conditions women to think that if they are made to be a<br />

victim by the ‘uncontrollable whim’ or the blunt force of a<br />

man, she is somewhat to blame and equally responsible<br />

for his actions. We need to deconstruct the issue to<br />

highlight just who a victim is and who a perpetrator is and<br />

not cut corners about it. The more we build and generate<br />

a supportive discourse, showing women they are not to<br />

blame, the more we can work towards helping women who<br />

are in these situations to try and seek help and to not view<br />

themselves as the issue.

44<br />



Dank beats,<br />

Cheap eats<br />

Paradise<br />

Capacity: 2,000<br />

#<br />

Lake Mountain VIC - Nov 28th to 30th<br />

Camping - BYO - 18+<br />

Tickets $150+bf - Available 1st of September<br />

With over 56 acts over 3 days, performed in a luscious outdoor amphitheatre by day, and a<br />

trance lighted indoor setting at night Paradise Festival in the epiphany of new age music<br />

evolution. Perfect for those seeking a smaller camping festival with the electrifying energy of<br />

Melbourne latest music.<br />

Past artists: CC:disco, drunk Mums, Foreign/National, Rara<br />

Meredith Music<br />

Festival<br />

Capacity: 12,500<br />

@<br />

Meredith VIC, Dec 12th to 14th<br />

Camping, BYO<br />

Tickets $320 - Available 5th of September<br />

Meredith is all about ‘music, nature and nonsense’, built around a wildlife retreat this relaxing<br />

environment is a woodland wonderland. With an essential mix of relaxation meets wild,<br />

Meredith is the perfect opportunity to start your summer in the best possible way.<br />

Past artists: The War on drugs, de La Soul, Augie March and Cloud Nothings<br />

The New Year’s Holy Trinity<br />

Falls Music and Arts<br />

Festival @<br />

Lorne, Vic - Dec 28th to Jan 1st<br />

Capacity 15,000<br />

Camping - 18+<br />

Tickets $360 - Available September<br />

9th<br />

Falls Festival, need I say more? This jam<br />

packed grunge, hipster central event is<br />

home to Australia’s favourite local and<br />

international acts. With over 50 artists<br />

performing over 3 days this new year’s<br />

festival is guaranteed to set you up<br />

with a groovin’ year ahead.<br />

Past artists: every triple j artist ever...<br />

more specifically in 2014/15 we saw<br />

the likes of Alt J, Asgeir, Cloud Control,<br />

Milky Chance, La Roux, Kilter and<br />

Northeast Party House<br />

New Years On The Hill #<br />

South Gippsland VIC - Dec 30th to<br />

Jan 1st<br />

Capacity 2000<br />

Camping - BYO - 18+<br />

Tickets $100, Available August<br />

New years on the Hill encapsulated<br />

48 hours of freedom. Great music and<br />

great friends on a boutique farm“ who<br />

could ask for more. Greatly known for<br />

promoting upcoming artists, NYE on<br />

the Hill brings together a colourful<br />

bunch of people searching for ‘chill’<br />

experience away from massive<br />

crowds with the added benefit of new<br />

electronic, indie, folk artists.<br />

Past artists: The Smith Street Band,<br />

Jackie onassis, The delta Riggs, Money<br />

for Rope, Loon lake, Remi, Joelistics and<br />

The darjeelings<br />

Beyond the Valley @<br />

Phillip Island, Vic - Dec 29th to Jan 1st<br />

Capacity 5000+<br />

Camping - 18+<br />

Tickets $270 - Available October<br />

Replacing Pyramid Rock, Beyond<br />

the Valley brings together huge<br />

international artists at this non-stop<br />

festival. Perfect for you island goers<br />

looking for a close to home camping<br />

festival with same flare and excitement<br />

as Falls.<br />

Past artists: Rüfüs, Midnight<br />

Juggernauts, Allday, Ball Park Music,<br />

The Preatures and AlunaGeorge<br />

# Boutique Festival @ Prominent Festival

ARTS & CULTURE 45<br />

and Glitter Cheeks The definitive festival guide<br />

My picks: NYE on the Hill, Rainbow<br />

Serpent, Riverboat Music Festival<br />

Unify<br />

Capacity: 3,000<br />

#<br />

Gippsland VIC - Jan 10th to 11th - 18+<br />

Camping Festival - BYO<br />

Tickets $99, available October 2nd<br />

Just a 10 minute drive to the ocean this mid-size summer festival features the latest and<br />

greatest Heavy Metal acts. Not for the faint hearted, Unify provides the best of Punk, Metal and<br />

Hardcore music to satisfy every festival punter.<br />

Past artists: Thy Art Is Murder, Northlane, Amity Affliction.<br />

Cool Summer<br />

Festival<br />

#<br />

Mt Hotham VIC - Jan 15th to 17th<br />

Camping - available<br />

Tickets $82+bf, Kids under 16 free - available Nov 25th<br />

This stunning boutique festival is perfect for those looking for a picturesque holiday with the<br />

added bonus of an onsite music festival. Cool Summer is free from large commercial input<br />

and sponsorship, and prides themselves on remaining independent. Flooded with incredible<br />

unearthed acts you will be torn between sipping on cool craft beer, morning yoga, chairlift<br />

rides, and of course... listening to some of the best new music Australia has to offer.<br />

Past artists: delta Riggs, The Pierse Brothers and Bonjah<br />

Rainbow Serpent<br />

Festival<br />

Capacity: 10,000<br />

@<br />

Lexton, VIC - Jan 22nd to 25th<br />

Camping - BYO<br />

Tickets $220 - All age event - Available July 28th<br />

Rainbow Serpent is truly the home to the weird and wonderful. Freedom of expressions is<br />

encouraged in all matters of the festival, whether in outfit, performance, onsite art and<br />

collaborative projects. With over 10,000 punters, this intimate festival does not loose site of<br />

the intention of the festival - art and love. I could not imagine a more fantastic way to spend<br />

your hard earned cash at this exotic sensory mix spread over four days. Time to gather your<br />

friends and buy a tent!<br />

Past artists: Beats Antique, Amani Friend, desert dwellers and Christopher Lawrence<br />

St Kilda Festival<br />

Capacity: 45,000<br />

@<br />

Melb, Vic Jan 31st to Feb 8th<br />

All age event - FREE!!!<br />

Any Melburnian could tell you the iconic St Kilda Fest encompasses the essence that is the<br />

Melbourne experience. From henna to heroin the 30 year old festival has seen it all. With<br />

many shows suitable for families the event runs over a whole week to provide both local and<br />

international acts, workshops and kids entertainment. Perfect way to stay close to home and<br />

experience a diverse festival on the spectacular St Kilda foreshore.<br />

Past artists: Remi, Japanese Wallpaper and Thundamentals<br />

Riverboats Music<br />

Festival<br />

Capacity: 5000<br />

#<br />

Echuca, Vic - Feb 19th to 21st<br />

Tickets $60 - $120 - All Ages - Available September 14th<br />

don’t let this country festival fool you, Riverboats Music Festival hosts some of Australia’s<br />

biggest names. Taking place on the Murray, this has soon become one of Victoria’s best kept<br />

secrets.<br />

Past Artists: dan Sultan, Sarah Blasko, Aldalita, Fraser A Gorman and Raised by Eagles

46 arts & culture<br />

By brodie everist<br />

Gig Guide<br />

Want to have your gig advertised in the next gig guide?<br />

Send the details to bceve1@student.monash.edu<br />

Please include date, time, entry fee, address and a<br />

1-2 sentence description of the band/music.<br />

11<br />

Aug<br />

12<br />

Aug<br />

13<br />

Aug<br />

The Fabric<br />

The Toff in Town - 252 Swanston St.<br />

$11 entry<br />

9-piece soul/funk band The Fabric play for their August<br />

residency at The Toff. They are joined by Thando, Au Dre<br />

and Sex on Toast.<br />

The Jack Earle Big Band – Debut Album Launch<br />

The Spotted Mallard – 314 Sydney Rd, Brunswick<br />

Doors/dinner 6pm, showtime 8:30pm. $15/10.<br />

At long last, The Jack Earle Big Band’s debut, self titled<br />

album is ready to be released. Do not miss the exciting<br />

opportunity to hear one of Australia’s most exciting<br />

big bands, made up of some of Melbourne’s finest<br />

musicians, play an entire albums worth (and more!) of<br />

original compositions.<br />

Live jazz with The Rookies.<br />

The Rooks Return. 201 Brunswick Street, Fitzroy<br />

Free – 8:30pm every Wednesday<br />

The Rookies play jazz at Melbourne’s best speakeasy<br />

style residency at Melbourne’s best little bar - The Rooks<br />

Return.<br />

Mingus Thingus<br />

Paris Cat Jazz Club – 8 Goldie Place, Melbourne.<br />

8:30pm $15.<br />

Mingus Thingus return to the Paris Cat with their vibrant<br />

interpretations of the music of Charles Mingus. Featuring<br />

the musicality of great young jazz players such as Nick<br />

McCusker, Stephen Byth and Daniel Mougerman, this will<br />

be a swinging gig.<br />

22<br />

Aug<br />

26<br />

Aug<br />

27<br />

Aug<br />

Papa G and the Starcats Music Video Launch and<br />

Live Album Recording<br />

The Gasometer Hotel – 484 Smith St, Collingwood.<br />

A super huge event for soul and funk band Papa G<br />

and the Starcats: launching their music video and<br />

recording an album at the same time. Head to the<br />

Gasometer that Saturday to be an audience in a live<br />

album.<br />

Movement 9<br />

Paris Cat Jazz Club – 8 Goldie Place, Melbourne.<br />

8:30pm $20<br />

After the hugely successful release of their EP and<br />

interstate tour Movement 9 return to the Paris Cat<br />

for a night of their delicious blend of jazz, funk and<br />

latin music.<br />

Live jazz with The Rookies.<br />

The Rooks Return. 201 Brunswick Street, Fitzroy<br />

Free – 8:30pm every Wednesday<br />

Lazercatz 2000 + Tululah + Jamil Zachariah<br />

Evelyn Hotel – 351 Brunswick St, Fitzroy.<br />

8:00<br />

Three cinematic, jazz-influenced groups take<br />

to the stage at the Evelyn to bring a mixture of<br />

atmospheric improvisations and grooves coupled<br />

with contemporary electronic performance.<br />

18<br />

Aug<br />

The Fabric<br />

The Toff in Town, 252 Swanston St.<br />

$11 entry<br />

9-piece soul/funk band The Fabric play for their August<br />

residency at The Toff. They are joined by the Horns of Leroy<br />

and The Jungle Crooks.<br />

19<br />

Aug<br />

Live jazz with The Rookies.<br />

The Rooks Return. 201 Brunswick Street, Fitzroy<br />

Free – 8:30pm every Wednesday


47<br />

Chloe Blythman<br />


When it comes to my<br />

designs, I don’t have much<br />

of a system, mostly because<br />

I like to be able to see what<br />

my creativity can do. I like<br />

my work to speak for itself,<br />

so I generally don’t over<br />

cluttering works as I think it<br />

destroys it.<br />

I do have one rule that I<br />

stick by though, and it was<br />

something I was taught<br />

in year 11 by my Vis Comm<br />

teacher when I first started<br />

using illustrator. Start small<br />

and build it up. Break it<br />

down and define the shapes<br />

of what you are attempting<br />

to create. You can create<br />

something truly unique with<br />

this method.

48<br />





Peer Support offers one-on-one sessions with trained facilitators to help<br />

improve your English language in assignments<br />

Bring your assignments along and get feedback on areas to improve your English language skills<br />

Facilitators will provide you with tips and resources to improve your English language skills<br />

No appointment needed, just come along!<br />

The program will run throughout the semester,<br />

in the John Medley Library (Campus Centre) on the following days:<br />




10am – 2pm<br />

10am – 2pm<br />

10am – 2pm<br />

msa.monash.edu/peersupport<br />

EnglishLanguagePeerSupportProgram<br />

For more information from Monash:<br />


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