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METRO DETROIT CHALDEAN COMMUNITY VOL. 21 ISSUE IV <strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong><br />

PRIME<br />

TIME<br />

IRAQI PRIME MINISTER<br />

MOHAMMED SHIA’<br />

AL SUDANI MAKES<br />

HISTORIC VISIT TO THE<br />

CHALDEAN COMMUNITY<br />

Featuring:<br />

Rising Above Addiction<br />

What’s In a Name?<br />

Honoring Mom


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<strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 3


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4 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>


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<strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 5


6 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>


METRO DETROIT CHALDEAN COMMUNITY | <strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> | VOL. 21 ISSUE IV<br />

ON THE COVER<br />

18 Prime Time<br />

Entertaining the Iraqi prime minister<br />

By Sarah Kittle<br />

FEATURES<br />

22 Teaming Up to Fight Crime<br />

Detroit community business partnership<br />

By Cal Abbo<br />

25 Rising Above<br />

Addiction in the community<br />

By Cal Abbo<br />

28 May Memories<br />

May covers through the years<br />

By Sarah Kittle<br />

30 Culture & History<br />

Middle Eastern Folklore<br />

By Dr. Adhid Miri & Sarah Kittle<br />

DEPARTMENTS<br />

7 From the Editor<br />

Welcome to Prime Time<br />

By Sarah Kittle<br />

44 Sports<br />

Chaldean Hockey League<br />

By Steve Stein<br />

18<br />

What’s in a Name?<br />

By Dr. Adhid Miri<br />

40 Arts + Entertainment<br />

Omar Jarbo Music Man<br />

By Weam Namou<br />

Sister Cabrini<br />

By N. Peter Antone<br />

10 Guest Column<br />

Merchants to Entrepreneurs<br />

Caitlyn Hakim<br />

12 Foundation Update<br />

National Civics Bee, Summer Camp,<br />

Women’s Health<br />

14 Chaldean Digest<br />

Sylvan Learning, Statement of Faith<br />

16 Iraq Today<br />

Alqosh Bazaar<br />

By Hanan Qia<br />

46 Health + Wellness<br />

Heart Smart<br />

By Dr. Rena Daiza & Dr. Paul Nona<br />

48 In Memoriam<br />

48 Obituary<br />

Sabah Shaou Pattah<br />

50 From the Archives<br />

Honoring Mom<br />

25<br />

<strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 7


FROM THE EDITOR<br />

PUBLISHED BY<br />

Chaldean News, LLC<br />

Chaldean Community Foundation<br />

EDITORIAL<br />

EDITOR IN CHIEF<br />

Sarah Kittle<br />

CONTRIBUTING WRITERS<br />

Cal Abbo<br />

N. Peter Antone<br />

Dr. Rena Daiza<br />

Caitlyn Hakim<br />

Sarah Kittle<br />

Dr. Adhid Miri<br />

Weam Namou<br />

Dr. Paul Nona<br />

Steve Stein<br />

Hanan Qia<br />

ART & PRODUCTION<br />

CREATIVE DIRECTOR<br />

Alex Lumelsky with SKY Creative<br />

GRAPHIC DESIGNER<br />

Zina Lumelsky with SKY Creative<br />

PHOTOGRAPHERS<br />

Brandon Abro<br />

Matthew Gordon<br />

Alex Lumelsky<br />

SALES<br />

Interlink Media<br />

Sana Navarrette<br />

CLASSIFIEDS<br />

Sana Navarrette<br />

Subscriptions: $35 per year<br />

CONTACT INFORMATION<br />

Story ideas: edit@chaldeannews.com<br />

Advertisements: ads@chaldeannews.com<br />

Subscription and all other inquiries:<br />

info@chaldeannews.com<br />

Chaldean News<br />

30095 Northwestern Hwy, Suite 101<br />

Farmington Hills, MI 48334<br />

www.chaldeannews.com<br />

Phone: (248) 851-8600<br />

Publication: The Chaldean News (P-6);<br />

Published monthly; Issue Date: May <strong>2024</strong><br />

Subscriptions: 12 months, $35.<br />

Publication Address:<br />

30095 Northwestern Hwy., Suite 101,<br />

Farmington Hills, MI 48334;<br />

Permit to mail at periodicals postage rates<br />

is on file at Farmington Hills Post Office<br />

Postmaster: Send address changes to<br />

“The Chaldean News 30095 Northwestern<br />

Hwy., Suite 101, Farmington Hills, MI 48334”<br />

Welcome to Prime Time<br />

SARAH KITTLE<br />

EDITOR<br />

IN CHIEF<br />

April has been a crazy month in the CN<br />

offices. The Iraqi Prime Minster’s visit included<br />

a whirlwind of pre-activity, planning,<br />

logistics, and protocol – all for a few hours<br />

of time spent with him. It was a historic visit, and<br />

we were lucky enough to have a front row seat. We<br />

hope you enjoy the photos and story.<br />

The community has been busy in other ways<br />

as well. Cal Abbo shares a few “feel good’ stories,<br />

one about a business partnership that the Chaldean<br />

American Chamber’s Sharkey Haddad is helping<br />

create between Detroit store owners and local<br />

police and community leaders, and another<br />

about a community member, Anthony Elia, who<br />

had a firsthand experience with addiction and is<br />

using what he has learned to help others.<br />

Again, we bring you all the cover stories<br />

from the month. It has been a learning experience<br />

for me to review these articles and they<br />

still hold so much value for the reader. If you<br />

have never read old issues, or if it has been a<br />

while since you read them, you may want to visit the archives<br />

on the Chaldean News website and browse through them.<br />

As part of the continuing Michigan Humanities Grant<br />

initiative, we are bringing you the history of Middle Eastern<br />

folklore and introducing you to modern day storytellers in<br />

the community. From the Epic of Gilgamesh, the oldest recorded<br />

saga in history, to “Sweet Dreams Habibi,” a modern<br />

bedtime story for all American immigrants, we are weaving a<br />

narrative to entertain and inspire future readers.<br />

In a second Culture + History feature, Dr. Miri explores<br />

the history of Chaldean names and surnames. Deriving from<br />

occupations, place names, religious names, and terms of endearment,<br />

the origin of these names is fascinating.<br />

In Arts + Entertainment, we bring you Omar Jarbo, zurna<br />

player extraordinaire, and his thoughts on music and music<br />

making. This is part of our Great Michigan Stories initiative, one<br />

that allows us to tell the community’s story to everyone else.<br />

A second Arts + Entertainment article is a review of the movie<br />

“Sister Cabrini.” In it, author N. Peter Antone shares his reaction<br />

and the feelings that the movie stirred in him.<br />

Our guest columnist, Caitlyn Hakim, introduces<br />

us to the Young Adult Committee (YAC) at Shenandoah<br />

Country Club and writes about a recent event<br />

with guest speakers who shared their “pearls of<br />

wisdom” with the event attendees.<br />

A returning event is highlighted in the Iraq<br />

Today section, with photos from the Old Alqosh<br />

Bazaar Festival submitted by Hanan Qia. The energy<br />

and excitement of the participants is conveyed<br />

through the photos.<br />

The Chaldean Chamber’s Sharkey<br />

Haddad is helping create a business<br />

partnership between Detroit store owners<br />

and local police and community leaders.<br />

Sportswriter Steve Stein interviewed the teams in the<br />

Chaldean Hockey League and covered their season, including<br />

the triumphant win of Team Gold, who skated away with<br />

the Telga Cup.<br />

Dr. Rena Daiza and Dr. Paul Nona have a conversation<br />

about heart health and share tips with us. If you think about<br />

it, heart health is about more than just diet and exercise.<br />

There are also new tests and screenings that indicate problems<br />

before symptoms even arise.<br />

And the beautiful historical photos featured in ‘From<br />

the Archive’ showcase our mothers, the ones who shaped<br />

us with their unconditional love and devotion. None of us<br />

would be here without Mom.<br />

Happy Mother’s Day to all the moms among our readers!<br />

Sarah Kittle<br />

Editor in Chief<br />

8 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>


PUBLISHER'S CIRCLE<br />

As the publication of record for<br />

Michigan’s Chaldean community,<br />

the mission of the Chaldean News<br />

is to preserve and archive Chaldean<br />

heritage and history, and to tell the<br />

ongoing story of Chaldean contributions to<br />

the communities in which we live and work – in<br />

Michigan and around the world.<br />

In the last 5 years the Chaldean News has<br />

substantially increased its readership and social<br />

media following, introduced new digital and website<br />

content and expanded storytelling and video offerings<br />

with the help of small grant funding.<br />

The Publisher’s Circle is a unique opportunity for community<br />

members to support the Chaldean News and its continuing<br />

mission to be a voice for the community, wherever they<br />

may be. With the warmhearted help of individual and<br />

organizational supporters we can ensure that this important<br />

resource remains to educate and connect the community<br />

while evolving to meet the needs of future generations.<br />

The Chaldean News has recently launched a CN app<br />

and will continue to expand into new media such<br />

as radio and TV, all with the goal of preserving our<br />

culture and telling the story of our people. You can<br />

take part in helping to preserve your Chaldean<br />

heritage by joining the Publisher’s Circle today.<br />

Jibran “Jim” Manna<br />

Martin and Tamara Manna<br />

We are grateful for the overwhelmingly<br />

generous support of our community.<br />

To learn more, visit chaldeannews.com<br />

or contact us at 248-851-8600<br />

Let’s grow the circle.<br />

APRIL <strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 9


GUEST COLUMN<br />

From Merchants to Entrepreneurs<br />

Pearls of wisdom from prominent leaders of the Chaldean Community<br />

The Shenandoah Young<br />

Adult Committee (YAC)<br />

was established three<br />

years ago by the Shenandoah<br />

Executive Board, with Anthony<br />

Shallal serving as chairman<br />

for the first two years,<br />

alongside Annie Acho Tartoni<br />

and Nicholas Anton.<br />

Over time, the YAC has<br />

grown with additional volunteer<br />

members who organize<br />

professional development<br />

and networking events. These<br />

events aim to connect young adults and<br />

emerging leaders within the Chaldean<br />

community with seasoned entrepreneurs,<br />

paving the way for their success.<br />

The YAC kicked off the Spring season<br />

with a professional development<br />

and networking event held on the evening<br />

of Thursday, April 11, at Shenandoah<br />

Country Club. The event was<br />

moderated by the charming and witty<br />

Paul Jonna, a real estate and business<br />

attorney and former COO of the Chaldean<br />

Community Foundation. The<br />

panel was comprised of four successful<br />

leaders from the Chaldean community:<br />

Johny Kello (MatchRX), Ron Boji<br />

(Boji Group), Saber Ammori (Wireless<br />

Vision), and Zaid Elia (Elia Group).<br />

While their businesses differ, the<br />

same basic principles apply. These leaders<br />

all share the values of a strong work<br />

ethic, perseverance, and entrepreneurship<br />

that continue to be a staple in the<br />

upbringing of the Chaldeans today. A key<br />

takeaway is the importance of company<br />

CAITLYN NORMA<br />

HAKIM, MPA<br />

SPECIAL<br />

TO THE<br />

CHALDEAN<br />

NEWS<br />

culture, people and processes,<br />

and how entrepreneurs must<br />

keep their employees fulfilled<br />

so it can translate into higher<br />

retention and customer satisfaction.<br />

It is essential to be<br />

able to know where to apply<br />

the learnings as it is dependent<br />

on the circumstances; it’s not<br />

black and white.<br />

Back when Chaldeans first<br />

came to America, they had<br />

to build a foundation from<br />

ground zero. Over the years,<br />

technology has advanced at an exponential<br />

rate, resulting in the need for<br />

high adaptability to survive. Ron Boji<br />

emphasized that “times have changed”<br />

with younger generations now having<br />

a “choice” that didn’t exist in his youth.<br />

Saber Ammori emphasized the importance<br />

of young professionals maximizing<br />

accessible tools and resources<br />

for personal growth instead of relying<br />

solely on companies to train them. It’s<br />

predicted that artificial intelligence (AI)<br />

will dominate, particularly in certain industries<br />

such as Johny Kello’s MatchRX.<br />

Zaid Elia, who works in the entertainment<br />

industry, underscores the enduring<br />

value of face-to-face interaction. Social<br />

connection is a strong pillar of our<br />

overall culture and community.<br />

Overall, AI is reshaping the workforce<br />

by augmenting human capabilities<br />

and creating new job roles.<br />

Adaptation, upskilling, and ethical<br />

considerations are key in navigating<br />

this evolving landscape, allowing for<br />

further mental development.<br />

One common norm discussed among<br />

the panel was succession planning.<br />

Chaldean entrepreneurs, having built<br />

their companies from the ground up,<br />

emphasize strategies like politics, creating<br />

opportunities, and forging relationships,<br />

especially with banking institutions,<br />

all while cultivating an esteemed<br />

reputation. Their goal is for the younger<br />

generations to expand on what has been<br />

built and continue the legacy of success.<br />

Johny Kello encouraged younger<br />

generations to lead by focusing on their<br />

strengths and learning without feeling<br />

compelled to take the entrepreneurial<br />

route. Zaid Elia stressed the importance<br />

of leverage along with being focused on<br />

achieving the goal, not on the money,<br />

or else you’ll never win. The hard work<br />

and hurdles these entrepreneurs had<br />

to undergo are often overlooked; most<br />

only see you where you are.<br />

A key takeaway is never giving up,<br />

paired with the power of persistence<br />

and delivering value with the confidence<br />

that one day you will reach your<br />

goal. Leaders will always recognize employee<br />

commitment through consistent<br />

presence; the trend Elia’s witnessed has<br />

been higher growth for reliable middle<br />

performers versus the high performers.<br />

The entrepreneurs touched on their<br />

personal journeys and the mindset required<br />

to overcome the myriad challenges<br />

they encountered. Zaid Elia recounted<br />

a pivotal moment where he faced a<br />

seemingly insurmountable dilemma,<br />

showcasing his ability to navigate adversity<br />

and make decisions that transformed<br />

him into a respected role model.<br />

Saber Ammori expressed the importance<br />

of learning from failures, saying,<br />

“it’s only a mistake if it happens twice.”<br />

Paul Jonna highlighted how everyone<br />

can relate to the troubles of facing challenges<br />

with the panel sharing how a<br />

strong support system and partner serve<br />

as a substantial contribution to their<br />

ongoing success, making past sacrifices<br />

worthwhile and resulting in the freedom<br />

and flexibility to do “what you want<br />

when you want,” which is how Johny<br />

Kello and Zaid Elia define success.<br />

Zaid Elia emphasized that everyone<br />

has their own version of success and<br />

at the end of the day, it’s never about<br />

money. Ron Boji, with a touch of humor,<br />

articulated that it is not a “dictionary,”<br />

there is not one central formula<br />

to success. “Success is not based upon<br />

dollars generated or the generational<br />

wealth, success is based upon the<br />

team that you bring yourself around as<br />

a businessman and the happiness to<br />

come to work every day,” Ron Boji explained.<br />

Saber Ammori ended with the<br />

notion that it is rewarding when you’ve<br />

had enough experiences to share and<br />

foster growth in others while continuing<br />

to rise in your own endeavors.<br />

We are so very proud to have such<br />

inspiring leaders in our community<br />

who take part in sharing their expertise,<br />

mentoring others, and continuing<br />

to grow while being humble.<br />

As Zaid Elia said, “There’s always<br />

another mountain to climb.”<br />

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10 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>


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Oakland County Executive Elite 40 Under 40<br />

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) 1<br />

10/20/23 10:20 AM<br />

<strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 11


FOUNDATION UPDATE<br />

Preserving the<br />

Chaldean Culture<br />

The Chaldean Community Foundation and the Chaldean News<br />

are honored to be selected by the Library of Congress to preserve<br />

the Chaldean culture and contribute to the archival collections to<br />

be preserved at the American Folklife Center in Washington, DC.<br />

As the largest library in the world, the Library of Congress<br />

awarded ten grantees from across the U.S. to document cultural<br />

traditions, practices, and experiences, while enhancing the library’s<br />

holdings with materials featuring creativity and knowledge<br />

found at the local level. This work will ultimately be included<br />

in the library’s various permanent collections.<br />

A 12-month project called Chaldeans: Portrait of an Evolving<br />

Community will capture video footage, contributing photos, audio<br />

recordings and community interviews to be made publicly available<br />

for future documentary makers and story tellers to access.<br />

Local National Civics Bee winners pose with their big checks and the Civics Bee judges.<br />

Tomorrow’s Future Leaders<br />

On April 13, the CCF hosted its inaugural National Civics Bee local competition in Sterling Heights.<br />

Middle school students from around southeast Michigan showcased their civics knowledge in a<br />

groundbreaking competition.<br />

Macomb County Executive Mark Hackel was the host of the event. CCF’s own Martin Manna, Sue<br />

Kattula, and Sterling Heights Police Department Chief Dale Dwojakowski served as judges.<br />

Twelve students, selected through insightful 500-word essays on civics-based ideas, competed<br />

in two rounds of multiple-choice questions. The top three finalists then faced a challenging Q&A<br />

session with our judges. A huge round of applause to our top 3 winners: Arkita D. from Baker Middle<br />

School (first place); Holdon K. from Wilkinson Middle School (second place); and Mariam K. from<br />

Davis Jr. High School (third place).<br />

Protecting<br />

Women’s Health<br />

The partnership with the Anthony L.<br />

Soave Family Mobile Mammography and<br />

Health Screening Center helps provide accessible<br />

breast health services for all women,<br />

regardless of their financial situation.<br />

The “Because We Care” program by<br />

Ascension, St. John Hospital is dedicated<br />

to supporting uninsured and underinsured<br />

individuals, ensuring no one is<br />

left behind in breast care.<br />

Driving Through Barriers<br />

The CCF’s H.E.A.L. (Hard of Hearing, E.S.L., American Sign<br />

Language, Life Skills) Project is hitting the road in a new<br />

direction. The first two participants in the Drivers’ Training<br />

program have passed both written and road tests, officially<br />

becoming licensed drivers in Michigan.<br />

Thanks to the generous support from Auto Club Group<br />

Foundation, our H.E.A.L. program is revolutionizing driver education<br />

with a cutting-edge driving simulator. The program participants<br />

undergo an 8-week training course, complete with incourse<br />

instruction and simulated driving practices, providing a<br />

safe and immersive experience before hitting the road.<br />

Nurses from the Anthony L. Soave Family Mobile<br />

Mammography and Health Screening Center visited<br />

the CCF on April 16 to provide breast cancer screenings<br />

to uninsured women.<br />

Girls volleyball camp starts July 29.<br />

CCF to Host Youth<br />

Summer Sports Camps<br />

The Chaldean Community Foundation will be hosting additional<br />

sports sampling camps for both boys and girls this summer.<br />

Camps include Boys and Girls Basketball, Boys and Girls Futsal,<br />

Boys and Girls Pickleball and Girls Volleyball.<br />

The camps are open to 6th and 7th grade students and participants<br />

can choose up to 2 sports upon registration. Registration<br />

for the program ends May 30, <strong>2024</strong>. For more information, you<br />

can visit the CCF’s website or social media page.<br />

Session Dates:<br />

REGISTER<br />

June 17 – July 2<br />

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12 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>


<strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 13


CHALDEAN DIGEST<br />

Sylvan Learning Awards 13 Territories in Michigan<br />

Baltimore — <strong>2024</strong> — Sylvan Learning,<br />

the leading provider of supplemental<br />

and enrichment education for K–12<br />

students with more than 710 locations<br />

worldwide, awarded 10 new and three<br />

existing territories in the greater Detroit,<br />

Michigan area to new franchise<br />

owners and cousins Ed Bahoura and<br />

Natalie Yasso.<br />

Bahoura and Yasso have been business<br />

partners for almost three decades.<br />

They signed for 10 new territories with<br />

plans to open two centers every year<br />

over the next five years. The multi-unit<br />

deal, one of Sylvan’s largest to date,<br />

also includes an acquisition of three<br />

territories with four existing centers.<br />

“We’re proudly committed to introducing<br />

Sylvan to communities and<br />

school districts across the greater Detroit<br />

area,” said Yasso. “We see a desperate<br />

need for supplemental education resources,<br />

and there’s no brand better than<br />

Sylvan to meet that growing demand.”<br />

Ed has owned nearly 20 businesses<br />

over the last 40 years, including supermarkets,<br />

liquor stores, and video stores<br />

as well as being a licensed builder and<br />

Realtor. Ed is very active in his church<br />

and is a Fourth-Degree member of his<br />

local Knights of Columbus chapter.<br />

He has served as past chairman of the<br />

board of Gleaners Community Foodbank<br />

of Southeastern Michigan, one<br />

of the largest food banks in the country.<br />

He also supports many causes and<br />

organizations that support children,<br />

seniors, and veterans.<br />

“There is nothing more important<br />

than educating the next generation,”<br />

said Bahoura. “Sylvan is a great way<br />

to diversify our business portfolio and<br />

scale our operations, all while making<br />

a lasting impact in our community.”<br />

The new territories will be located<br />

across the Detroit metro area, with<br />

resale territories located in Dearborn,<br />

Livonia, and West Bloomfield.<br />

Sylvan Learning has produced<br />

proven results for over four decades<br />

and uses one of the most advanced<br />

technology-based curriculums that<br />

provides trackable progress.<br />

“Ed and Natalie are savvy businesspeople<br />

with caring hearts for their<br />

community,” said Jeff Stephenson,<br />

Vice President of Franchise Development<br />

at Sylvan. “Their strong partnership<br />

is a leading indicator that these<br />

centers will be successful, and we look<br />

forward to supporting them in their<br />

growth as franchise owners.”<br />

For more information on franchising<br />

with Sylvan Learning, visit<br />

SylvanFranchise.com.<br />

Statement of faith leaders following attack in Sydney<br />

After the attack on Bishop Mar Mari Emmanuel and<br />

others at Christ the Good Shepherd in Sydney Australia<br />

on April 15, more than 20 faith leaders across the<br />

area joined together to prepare a public statement,<br />

which was supported by Archbishop Amel Shamon<br />

Nona, head of Catholic Chaldeans in Australia.<br />

The statement reads:<br />

‘Places of worship are places of peace and prayer.<br />

The people who gather there should never feel<br />

threatened or unsafe, no matter what religion they<br />

follow. As faith leaders representing the diverse religious<br />

communities of New South Wales, we stand<br />

united against all forms of hate and violence.<br />

‘Our prayers are with the victims, and we call on<br />

our communities to extend our message of care and<br />

compassion to all.<br />

‘We have trust in our police and first responders<br />

and full confidence in their work. Police should<br />

never be attacked for keeping our communities safe.<br />

The scenes we witnessed after the attack are unacceptable<br />

to anyone, and especially to people of faith.<br />

‘For people of faith, religion is never a justification<br />

for violence. It has been a very difficult week,<br />

but we are a strong community in New South Wales.<br />

We call on everyone to act with kindness and respect<br />

for each other. Now is the time to show that we are a<br />

caring and united community.’<br />

– The Echo<br />

Flowers sit on a fence outside the Christ the Good Shepherd Church in suburban Wakely in western<br />

Sydney, Australia, Tuesday, April 16, <strong>2024</strong>. A 16-year-old has been arrested after reportedly stabbing<br />

Bishop Mar Mari Emmanuel, Father Isaac, and multiple churchgoers during a televised service in Sydney<br />

Monday, April 15, <strong>2024</strong>. There were no reports of life-threatening injuries and all, including the Bishop,<br />

are expected to make a full recovery.<br />

14 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>


<strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 15


IRAQ TODAY<br />

The Alqosh Bazaar brought crowds<br />

to the streets.<br />

Old Alqosh<br />

Bazaar<br />

Festival<br />

On March 27, the second edition of<br />

the Old Alqosh Bazaar Festival was<br />

inaugurated by the bishop and a group<br />

of residents in Alqosh. This festival’s<br />

mission is to uphold and preserve the<br />

rich traditions, culture, and ancient<br />

crafts of the region. Participants engage<br />

in traditional dances and patronize traditional<br />

food and handcrafted items,<br />

contributing to the rehabilitation efforts<br />

of this historic bazaar, once a vital<br />

commercial center in the area.<br />

Media coverage was also present<br />

at the latest festival, capturing the essence<br />

of the event, with some locals<br />

dressed in traditional garments. Bishop<br />

Thabit emphasized the significance<br />

of this festival to the Chaldean News<br />

reporters on hand.<br />

16 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>


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<strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 17


COVER STORY<br />

PHOTOS BY ALEX LUMELSKY<br />

Prime Time<br />

Entertaining the Iraqi Prime Minister<br />

BY SARAH KITTLE<br />

The motorcade stretched a mile<br />

long down Walnut Lake Road to<br />

Shenandoah Country Club (SCC)<br />

on Thursday, April 18. Iraqi Prime Minister<br />

Mohammed Shia’ Al Sudani was<br />

in town to speak with the Iraqi American<br />

community and its leaders, having<br />

first traveled to Houston to speak with<br />

Iraqi immigrants there and visiting the<br />

Islamic Institute in Dearborn before<br />

coming to West Bloomfield.<br />

The prime minister arrived at the<br />

country club around 9:45 pm and was<br />

received by a delegation including<br />

Chaldean American Chamber of Commerce<br />

(CACC) and Chaldean Community<br />

Foundation (CCF) president Martin<br />

Manna, Bishop Francis Kalabat, head of<br />

the Chaldean Church in Michigan, and<br />

Bishop Emmanuel Shaleta, head of the<br />

Chaldean Church in California, along<br />

with Iraqi American businessman Shakir<br />

Alkhafaji, Shenandoah Country Club<br />

president Neb Mekani, and former SCC<br />

president, Raad Kathawa.<br />

His arrival at Shenandoah was orchestrated<br />

with efficiency. Those waiting<br />

to greet him in the lobby were instructed<br />

where to stand and who could<br />

shake his hand. Bishop Francis Kalabat,<br />

the spiritual leader of the community,<br />

was permitted to greet the prime<br />

minister. The atmosphere was festive<br />

and reminiscent of a small-scale version<br />

of the Pope’s visit to Iraq.<br />

The Chaldean Community Foundation<br />

even had employees and volunteers<br />

dressed in historical Iraqi<br />

Chaldean village dress calling out the<br />

traditional halhole greeting, which Al<br />

Sudani seemed to enjoy. Security was<br />

so stringent that the girl who presented<br />

the prime minister with flowers,<br />

Caitlyn Hakim, had to use Manna as<br />

the go-between.<br />

Prime Minister Al Sudani had a<br />

quick tour of the Chaldean Cultural Center<br />

(30 seconds per exhibit) guided by<br />

CCC staff Mary Romaya, Weam Namou<br />

and Judy Jonna and aided by SCC board<br />

member Raad Kathawa. Some observers<br />

made note that the prime minster<br />

defied Islamic tradition and shook the<br />

hands of the three women who run the<br />

Cultural Center, showing them respect<br />

and even asking questions about the<br />

center’s exhibits to better understand<br />

the immigrant Chaldean Catholic community<br />

here in Michigan.<br />

Al Sudani is the most modern and<br />

secular prime minister Iraq has ever<br />

had, and it is the hope of many that he<br />

will be the one to bring Iraq into the<br />

21st century. He was instrumental in<br />

returning Cardinal Louis Sako, who<br />

had been exiled in Erbil following the<br />

stripping of his title by the Iraqi president,<br />

to Baghdad, and is known for his<br />

support and protection of Christians<br />

and other minority groups in Iraq.<br />

The prime minister received a<br />

very warm welcome when he finally<br />

18 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>


entered the ballroom. The energy in<br />

the room was palpable as the crowd<br />

of hundreds rose for a standing ovation.<br />

They had waited for the prime<br />

minister for hours, parked in overflow<br />

parking, stood in long lines, passed<br />

through tight security involving metal<br />

detectors and a physical pat down,<br />

and surrendered their mobile phones<br />

to attend this dinner, which notably<br />

included no alcohol.<br />

This was an historic occasion and<br />

was seen as such, suggested by the<br />

fact that some people brought their<br />

children to witness it. Martin Manna<br />

welcomed the audience and thanked<br />

the prime minister for his consideration<br />

and the myriad planners for<br />

making the important visit happen.<br />

Manna then outlined the various<br />

points that the Chaldean Community<br />

Foundation has engaged with the<br />

prime minister about, including but<br />

not limited to the restoration of Cardinal<br />

Sako to his rightful position, the<br />

implementation of Article #125 of the<br />

Iraqi constitution, which upholds the<br />

rights of minorities, a call for the formation<br />

of a committee to investigate<br />

the illegal confiscation of Christian<br />

properties and land, a lift of the discriminatory<br />

alcohol ban, and efforts<br />

to resolve outstanding issues with the<br />

Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG)<br />

and disputed territories.<br />

Bishop Francis Kalabat spoke following<br />

Manna and before introducing<br />

the prime minister, delivering a heartfelt<br />

speech in Arabic that focused on<br />

unity, faith, hope and loyalty to both<br />

Iraq and the United States of America.<br />

The Chaldean American community<br />

has thrived here because of the freedoms<br />

and rights bestowed upon them<br />

as US citizens.<br />

Al Sudani, for his part, expressed<br />

gratitude for the $30 million contribution<br />

from Iraqi Americans to retore villages<br />

in the Nineveh Plain and voiced<br />

his pride in Iraqi communities in the<br />

United States and worldwide. He<br />

stressed that Iraq is for all Iraqis and<br />

that the country needs the expertise,<br />

experience, opportunities and initiatives<br />

of Iraqi leaders in America, saying,<br />

“The Chaldeans and Iraqis outside<br />

Iraq are a precious fortune.”<br />

The prime minister mentioned his<br />

visit to Washington, DC, where he had<br />

previously met with Manna as well as<br />

with President Biden. He said that it<br />

comes at a time of “delicate and sensitive<br />

circumstance” indicating the situation<br />

in the region. He discussed the<br />

conditions with President Biden and<br />

the escalation of conflict as well as<br />

each other’s role in deflating the tensions<br />

and working to achieve stability<br />

for all countries involved and affected<br />

by the hostilities.<br />

Al Sudani stated that the objective<br />

of his visit was to “move relations with<br />

the United States to a new stage, which<br />

includes activating the provisions of<br />

the Strategic Framework Agreement.”<br />

According to the US Embassy website,<br />

“The Strategic Framework Agreement<br />

(SFA) for a Relationship of Friendship<br />

and Cooperation between the United<br />

States and the Republic of Iraq guides<br />

our overall political, economic, cultural,<br />

and security ties with Iraq. The SFA normalizes<br />

the US-Iraqi relationship with<br />

strong economic, diplomatic, cultural,<br />

and security cooperation and serves as<br />

the foundation for a long-term bilateral<br />

relationship based on mutual goals.”<br />

An additional aim was to review the<br />

work of the Supreme Military Committee<br />

between Iraq and the International<br />

Coalition and to set a timetable for actionable<br />

items. The prime minister’s<br />

calendar also included meetings with<br />

the US Secretary of State, the Secretary<br />

of Defense, the Secretary of Treasury,<br />

the National Security Advisor, the US<br />

Chamber of Commerce and senior officials<br />

in the oil and gas industry.<br />

Of course, his main priority is Iraq<br />

and Iraqis. Unlike his predecessors, Al<br />

Sudani was born and raised in Iraq. He<br />

is well educated, holding a bachelor’s<br />

degree in agricultural science and a<br />

master’s in project management from<br />

the University of Baghdad. He’s young<br />

for a leader (54), married, with four sons.<br />

His political journey began as the<br />

mayor of Amarah, an appointed position<br />

which provided him a close understanding<br />

of the myriad issues facing<br />

Iraqi leadership and from which<br />

he rose up the political ladder. His<br />

government’s agenda has prioritized<br />

delivery to ordinary citizens and has<br />

shown commitment to addressing critical<br />

issues with the KRG.<br />

That is why the event was so important<br />

to the people in that room.<br />

During dinner there was discussion,<br />

in which the prime minister noted<br />

the permanence of the Chaldean<br />

American community in Michigan as<br />

evidenced by the Chaldean Cultural<br />

Center and Shenandoah itself.<br />

After dinner, he met with highranking<br />

members of the community<br />

for a business roundtable. Al Sudani<br />

extended a personal invitation to community<br />

business owners and investors<br />

to visit Iraq and meet their counterparts.<br />

He stated that Iraq has a growing<br />

economy and cited projects in<br />

industries such as hotel/hospitality,<br />

housing, pharmaceuticals, manufacturing,<br />

education and tourism.<br />

It was said that the hotels in Baghdad<br />

always operate at a 90% capacity<br />

and that there is a real opportunity for<br />

investors in the hospitality sector. With<br />

Raad Kathawa presents to Weam Namou, Prime Minister Al Sudani and others at the Chaldean Cultural Center.<br />

so many Chaldean American Chamber<br />

of Commerce members in the hospitality<br />

industry, investment in Iraq appears<br />

to be a unique prospect with the makings<br />

of becoming a mutually beneficial<br />

long-time arrangement. That was likely<br />

what the prime minister hoped for.<br />

Al Sudani expressed his admiration<br />

of the Chaldean community in<br />

Michigan and his desire to emulate the<br />

same framework in Iraq. He makes the<br />

claim that Iraq has the best investment<br />

law in the region and that they have reduced<br />

the amount of bureaucracy that<br />

has plagued government procedures<br />

PRIME MINISTER<br />

continued on page 20<br />

PHOTOS BY ALEX LUMELSKY<br />

<strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 19


COVER STORY<br />

PRIME MINISTER<br />

continued from page 19<br />

for decades. He said that they had also<br />

refined the banking sector and were actively<br />

monitoring for corruption, making<br />

it safer and more reliable for investors<br />

and others to do business in Iraq.<br />

The prime minister had a warning<br />

as well, speaking about the untold billions<br />

that countries like Russia, China<br />

and Qatar are investing into the region.<br />

“We welcome partnership with US<br />

countries,” stated Al Sudani, “small<br />

and large and in all sectors.”<br />

After the prime minister was back<br />

home in Iraq, his press agents posted<br />

a video showing highlights of the<br />

Shenandoah event, incorrectly identifying<br />

The Chaldean Iraqi American<br />

Association of Michigan (Shenandoah)<br />

as the “Iraqi Chaldean Center in<br />

Detroit, Michigan, USA.”<br />

The event was sponsored and paid<br />

for by the Chaldean American Chamber<br />

of Commerce.<br />

Apr 19, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Statement from the<br />

Prime Minister’s Media Office<br />

Prime Minister Mohammed Shia<br />

Al-Sudani met at dawn on Friday<br />

(Baghdad time) with a number of<br />

members of the Iraqi community,<br />

who met at the Iraqi Chaldean<br />

Center in Detroit, Michigan, USA.<br />

His Excellency reiterated the<br />

government’s pride in all members<br />

of Iraqi communities everywhere,<br />

including their belonging<br />

to their homeland, Iraq in all their<br />

sects, and their initiatives in order<br />

to build the state, which pushes<br />

the government to communicate<br />

more with the community, especially<br />

as it carries a lot of competencies,<br />

capabilities and human<br />

potential, and in various scientific<br />

and humanitarian disciplines.<br />

Mr. Al-Sudani pointed out that<br />

the growth in Iraq continues to<br />

achieve the priorities identified by<br />

the Government in its program,<br />

many of which have been achieved<br />

during the year and a half of the<br />

Government’s life, in addition to adhering<br />

to the democratic system and<br />

the principles of freedoms and human<br />

rights that are protected by the<br />

Constitution in many of its articles.<br />

20 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>


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<strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 21


FEATURE<br />

Teaming Up to Fight Crime<br />

Detroit Community Business Partnership<br />

BY CAL ABBO<br />

Above: Commander Starks exchanges her cell phone number<br />

with Chaldean retailers in Detroit. Right: Reva Mammole, Sharkey<br />

Haddad, Commander Starks, Fadi Ayar, Danny Denha.<br />

The Detroit Police Department’s<br />

10th precinct is partnering with<br />

the Chaldean American Chamber<br />

of Commerce to network with store<br />

owners and discuss new strategies to<br />

reduce crime, ethnic tension, and negative<br />

perceptions.<br />

The project involves lots of different<br />

people and organizations including<br />

officers from DPD, representatives<br />

from the CACC, individuals from<br />

Project Green Light, and store owners<br />

and employees located in the 10th precinct.<br />

Sharkey Haddad, who works on<br />

special projects for the CACC, hosted<br />

the initial meeting at Sahara Restaurant<br />

and Grill in Oak Park.<br />

The meeting, held on March 26,<br />

was well-attended by about a dozen<br />

store owners and another dozen police<br />

officers and representatives of Project<br />

Green Light. The two groups mingled<br />

and discussed how they can collaborate<br />

to keep Detroit and<br />

Chaldean businesses safe.<br />

Most notably, the 10th precinct’s<br />

new leader, Commander<br />

Shanda Starks attended the<br />

meeting and spoke to the group about<br />

her role and goals in the position. She<br />

also introduced each Neighborhood Police<br />

Officer (NPO) in her precinct as well<br />

as the areas they patrol.<br />

The NPO program was designed<br />

by the City of Detroit to divide and<br />

conquer each precinct by establishing<br />

long-term ties to the community and<br />

businesses in a certain area. Each NPO<br />

patrols their designated area with the<br />

goal of building relationships with the<br />

community and its businesses rather<br />

than simply finding and arresting<br />

criminals.<br />

Sharkey also spoke on the importance<br />

of Chaldean-owned businesses<br />

establishing connections with the<br />

police department as well as the local<br />

community. In his mind, this kind<br />

of relationship building is a relatively<br />

simple thing that can lead to lasting<br />

change in Detroit and prevent unnecessary<br />

violence between the community<br />

and the businesses that operate<br />

there.<br />

Finally, Green Light Program Managers<br />

Sheila Young and LaMonica Williams<br />

spoke about the program, its importance<br />

for the city, and how to join if<br />

a business is interested.<br />

Project Green Light began in 2016<br />

when a group of Chaldean store owners<br />

met with Detroit Mayor Mike Duggan<br />

to find a way to make the community<br />

safer and reduce crime in their<br />

businesses. The city came up with<br />

Project Green Light, which established<br />

a protocol for participating businesses<br />

to install cameras and share live video<br />

feed to the Detroit Police’s Real-Time<br />

Crime Center.<br />

When it began, the program had<br />

only eight gas stations signed up. Today,<br />

900 businesses participate in the<br />

program, and the unmistakable green<br />

light shines throughout Detroit, alerting<br />

potential criminals to police surveillance<br />

and allowing the Detroit Police<br />

an unprecedented response time<br />

at locations that use Green Light.<br />

The program has ballooned tremendously<br />

and has also added new<br />

technology. All the video footage is<br />

embedded with License Plate Recognition<br />

(LPR), which helps officers track<br />

criminals. Even if they can’t be caught<br />

in the act, the license plate<br />

goes into the police system<br />

and the vehicle can be identified<br />

and pulled over later.<br />

In addition, the Detroit Police<br />

has an entire team dedicated<br />

to live-monitoring the<br />

Green Light cameras. Since<br />

there are 900 participating<br />

businesses, each with several<br />

cameras, it’s impossible to<br />

monitor everything at once.<br />

Instead, officers conduct<br />

“virtual patrols” and look for<br />

suspicious or criminal activity.<br />

Now that there are so many participants,<br />

officers can watch entire blocks<br />

at a time.<br />

While the city does not charge for<br />

the program directly, businesses are<br />

responsible for buying or leasing cameras<br />

from an approved vendor list,<br />

installing them, and then purchasing<br />

and installing the famous flashing<br />

green light and signage indicating<br />

the business’ participation in the program.<br />

The CACC, the Chaldean community,<br />

and the City of Detroit will continue<br />

to strengthen their partnership and<br />

connect with one another to improve<br />

crime and ethnic tensions, and cultural<br />

understanding within the city.<br />

22 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>


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<strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 23


FEATURE<br />

24 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>


Rising Above<br />

Addiction in the Chaldean Community<br />

BY CAL ABBO<br />

For Anthony Elia, it all started<br />

as a teenager in school. Around<br />

certain friends, he began to<br />

drink alcohol and party until it became<br />

something he did every day.<br />

Once Elia graduated, he worked<br />

hard to support his family. It was this<br />

goal that led to his downfall. He was<br />

introduced to Adderall, which he<br />

used to stay awake and alert through<br />

his long days at school and multiple<br />

jobs. “That’s what our culture is, we<br />

work hard and try to help each other<br />

and support one another,” Elia said<br />

about the Chaldean community. “I did<br />

not realize that I would chase that one<br />

high for so long.”<br />

Immediately, he said, he was<br />

hooked on the endorphins the drug<br />

was releasing in his body. It allowed<br />

him to work, go to school, and continue<br />

spending time with his friends with<br />

minimal sleep. “For a while, nobody<br />

noticed what was going on,” he said,<br />

addressing one of many difficulties for<br />

his parents since they weren’t from the<br />

United States.<br />

Elia moved on to more dangerous<br />

drugs as a result of his Adderall use.<br />

When you’re awake for a long time and<br />

constantly dehydrated, he said, you feel<br />

pain all over. Elia started taking opiates<br />

to address the problem. Before long,<br />

he was taking 40-60 pills per day, even<br />

while functioning as a normal adult.<br />

“Things started to get out of control<br />

soon after that,” Elia said. “The price tag<br />

of these substances started to really hurt<br />

my pocket. Then I started doing things<br />

like stealing or writing bad checks.”<br />

Elia described his experience as doing<br />

whatever he could to feel normal,<br />

which for him meant using substances.<br />

Finally, he started using cheaper<br />

drugs, and his life spiraled out of control.<br />

He went from being a successful<br />

and reliable person who worked hard<br />

for his career and his family’s sake to<br />

being non-functional.<br />

Substance Use Disorder (SUD),<br />

the name for Elia’s condition, is fairly<br />

common across the world. Many are<br />

susceptible to it if they are exposed to<br />

the wrong substances. It’s technically<br />

defined by an uncontrolled use of a<br />

substance despite the harmful consequences<br />

and to the point where the person’s<br />

ability to function in day-to-day<br />

life is impaired. The substance could be<br />

tobacco, alcohol, or any illicit drug.<br />

Dunya Kilano works as the Director<br />

of Operations for Families Against<br />

Narcotics (FAN), a community-based<br />

organization that helps those struggling<br />

with substance abuse as well as<br />

their families. “FAN seeks to change<br />

the face of addiction, dispel the stigma<br />

of addiction, and educate the community,”<br />

according to its website.<br />

Kilano, who grew up in the metro<br />

Detroit Chaldean community and<br />

speaks Sureth, has seen firsthand in<br />

both her work and her own family the<br />

difficulty and damage that SUD can<br />

cause for individuals and their families.<br />

Her work with FAN assists thousands<br />

of people every year with getting<br />

help in their journey to conquer SUD.<br />

In 2017, the same year she graduated<br />

from Oakland University, according<br />

to Kilano, the community experienced<br />

a serious increase in overdoses. “A few<br />

people in our community lost some of<br />

their children,” she said, adding that<br />

these families were open about what<br />

happened to their loved ones. “That<br />

summer, it started to hit our community<br />

in a different way.”<br />

What’s different about the Chaldean<br />

community? It’s something<br />

Kilano thinks about a lot in her work,<br />

and she identified both positive and<br />

negative aspects.<br />

“In the Chaldean community, we<br />

have a lot of protective factors,” she<br />

said. “Most of us are lucky to have<br />

family in some form who really care<br />

about us. It’s a value in our culture,<br />

that sense of family.”<br />

This family care can help tremendously<br />

in someone’s recovery journey,<br />

but for many suffering from substance<br />

use disorder, it’s also a challenge to<br />

overcome in the beginning, as Chaldeans<br />

feel a strong sense of pride in<br />

themselves as well as their families<br />

and don’t want to let them down by<br />

admitting they have a problem. This<br />

can also have a positive effect by preventing<br />

potential users from ever trying<br />

narcotics in the first place.<br />

Kilano contrasts this attitude with<br />

the traditionally American values of<br />

individualism and independence. “In<br />

the Chaldean culture, you represent<br />

your family,” she said. “Sometimes,<br />

you can’t meet their expectations, and<br />

it’s hard to ask for help.”<br />

In her experience, however, whenever<br />

someone does go to their family<br />

for help, they were loved and supported.<br />

FAN has numerous programs to<br />

help counsel families, teaching them<br />

about substance use disorder and how<br />

they can best help their loved one.<br />

In a different way, it can be just as<br />

hard on them as on the individual who’s<br />

using. “Families can also feel very isolated<br />

when they find out a loved one has an<br />

issue with substances,” Kilano said. “A<br />

lot of times, family members can present<br />

with very similar symptoms as the person<br />

with addiction. They’re addicted to<br />

getting that person better, which can be<br />

equally as chaotic.”<br />

Elia can testify from his own experience<br />

how difficult it is for families to<br />

understand SUD without proper counseling.<br />

“My parents were terrified, and<br />

Families can feel very isolated when they find out a loved one has an<br />

issue with substances. A lot of times, family members can present<br />

with very similar symptoms as the person with addiction. They’re addicted<br />

to getting that person better, which can be equally chaotic.”<br />

they didn’t know what to do,” he said.<br />

“We had a lot of sit-down conversations<br />

and they tried to detox me at home.”<br />

For about six months, Elia was<br />

mostly sober, with members of his family<br />

supervising him around the clock. He<br />

soon found a way to bypass them and<br />

start using again by having people drop<br />

things off outside the house. “That’s<br />

what substance abuse does to you,” he<br />

said. “By any means possible, I’m going<br />

to find what I need to feel okay.”<br />

At that point, Elia ran away from<br />

home. For the first time, he truly experienced<br />

homelessness, albeit by<br />

choice, and ended up sleeping mostly<br />

on friends’ couches. When he returned<br />

home, his family welcomed him back,<br />

trying the same strategy as before:<br />

24/7 supervision.<br />

ADDICTION continued on page 26<br />

<strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 25


FEATURE<br />

ADDICTION continued from page 25<br />

Eventually, his family realized he<br />

was lying to them and stealing their<br />

jewelry to fund his addiction. This led<br />

them to approach the problem with<br />

tough love, and they removed Elia<br />

from the family home. This was his<br />

second experience of homelessness as<br />

a result of SUD.<br />

These years of substance use are often<br />

a blur for Elia. There are many more<br />

parts to his story, including an extremely<br />

close overdose, Narcan injection,<br />

cardiac arrest and flatline. “They had<br />

to bring me back to life,” he said. “Even<br />

through that, I was still using.”<br />

Finally, after a brief 7-hour stint at<br />

a treatment center, it was Michigan’s<br />

weather that brought Elia back to us.<br />

“There was a winter storm outside,” he<br />

said, “and I had no idea where to turn.<br />

I had nowhere to stay. I had burnt every<br />

bridge, become so destructive and<br />

such a nuisance to be around. I could<br />

either freeze and die or call a friend<br />

and hope they get me into treatment.”<br />

At this moment, Elia went back<br />

to the same center he was in a few<br />

months prior, completed the program,<br />

and took his recovery very seriously.<br />

“You think to yourself, is there a way<br />

back from the shame and guilt and all<br />

of the chaos I’ve caused in my family’s<br />

life? It was like a tornado, the mess I<br />

have to clean up,” he said. “How do I<br />

deal with these feelings and my poor<br />

mother crying every single day.”<br />

Elia believes prayer is what got him<br />

out. God heard his family’s prayers, he<br />

said, and brought him all the way back<br />

to the light. “I found my faith again<br />

and got back my relationship with my<br />

parents,” he said. “Now that I’ve been<br />

through all this, I was able to explain<br />

what substance abuse is and how addiction<br />

isn’t a choice.”<br />

While Elia’s parents invited him<br />

back into their home, he refused the<br />

help and decided to go his own way,<br />

working and getting his own apartment.<br />

Elia went through the whole<br />

program, and after one year of sobriety,<br />

went to work as a behavioral technician<br />

at the center that treated him.<br />

“I supported and helped guide the<br />

people who were there seeking recovery,”<br />

he said. “I gave them advice from<br />

the perspective of someone in recovery.<br />

I held small groups and would<br />

teach them about addiction and what<br />

it does to our body. It’s very powerful<br />

Anthony Elia at work.<br />

when we educate ourselves and offer<br />

hope, a light at the end of the tunnel.”<br />

For many narcotics users, getting<br />

help is a touchy subject, often because<br />

they don’t know where to turn. Going to<br />

the police in particular feels daunting<br />

when someone is using and in possession<br />

of illegal narcotics. Users have a<br />

legitimate fear that there will be repercussions<br />

if they go to a police station.<br />

Commander Jason Abro works at<br />

the Macomb County Sheriff’s Office<br />

and was the first Chaldean-American<br />

hired there when he began his career<br />

in 2001. He shared his perspective on<br />

addiction and his desire to see that everyone<br />

who needs help gets it.<br />

“Everyone in the community<br />

knows someone who’s suffering from<br />

some type of substance abuse,” Abro<br />

said. “There’s nothing to be embarrassed<br />

about. It’s something to get in<br />

front of and prevent.”<br />

Looking back in history, Abro said,<br />

families would try to keep things quiet.<br />

Now, he suggests being open about<br />

the situation with family and friends<br />

as well as educating your kids on the<br />

issue before any situation arises.<br />

“Sometimes it’s difficult in the<br />

Chaldean community because the parents<br />

are working long hours,” Abro<br />

said. “We always say to look at your<br />

kids, their phones, their social media,<br />

and who they spend time with. Meet<br />

the parents of their friends. Have open<br />

communication and talk about things<br />

that are right and wrong.”<br />

Police officers themselves are<br />

learning and evolving to accommodate<br />

new issues in the modern world. Their<br />

perspectives, according to Abro, have<br />

changed to understand mental health<br />

issues in a deeper way. The Macomb<br />

County Jail, for example, is building<br />

its new Central Intake and Assessment<br />

Center, which will focus on addressing<br />

the mental health needs of inmates<br />

who come through the system.<br />

Abro added that there are plenty<br />

of programs for people who come to<br />

the police looking for help. Many police<br />

and sheriff offices in Michigan are<br />

partnered with FAN as a part of their<br />

Hope Not Handcuffs program, which<br />

provides a good alternative for substance<br />

users who want treatment but<br />

end up at a police station.<br />

FAN started in 2007 in the basement<br />

of a church, according to Kilano.<br />

“A few families in Fraser recognized<br />

that something was happening in their<br />

community and young people were<br />

dying,” she said. “It was kind of the<br />

peak of the opioid epidemic, when you<br />

started to see the overprescribing of<br />

opioids and increased access to them<br />

in the community.”<br />

Since that fateful meeting, FAN has<br />

expanded exponentially. In total the<br />

organization has about 60 employees<br />

and 70 contractual employees working<br />

to help people with SUD. Importantly,<br />

FAN serves the entire state of Michigan<br />

and can offer treatment options no<br />

matter where someone lives.<br />

FAN is funded by the State of Michigan<br />

as well as the Federal government<br />

through various grant programs.<br />

“There’s a myth and a barrier for<br />

some people because they think they<br />

don’t have options,” Kilano said, referring<br />

to the cost and hassle of going<br />

into treatment. “There are treatment<br />

PHOTOS BY ALEX LUMELSKY<br />

options that are free for people with or<br />

without insurance. There are ways to<br />

get services. There are options for inpatient<br />

treatment or others that aren’t<br />

so uprooted, depending on someone’s<br />

commitment and life situation.”<br />

At the same time as Elia worked at<br />

his old treatment center, he also started<br />

volunteering for FAN, specifically<br />

with the Hope Not Handcuffs program.<br />

When someone goes to a police station<br />

and asks to get into treatment, they<br />

station would call Elia to take care of<br />

them, explain their options, and find<br />

the right treatment plan.<br />

“People saw I was active and I was<br />

offered an opportunity to work in the<br />

call center at FAN,” Elia said. “Now, I<br />

help coordinate care for people that<br />

are looking for treatment or connecting<br />

them with other community resources.”<br />

Since it began in 2017, Hope Not<br />

Handcuffs has helped connect more<br />

than 12,000 active users with treatment.<br />

Elia estimates he’s helped many<br />

hundreds of people get connected to<br />

a treatment plan even in the 3.5 years<br />

that he’s been sober. In total, FAN’s<br />

call center receives close to 3,000 calls<br />

per month, which underscores just<br />

how big the issue is.<br />

Elia also noted some important<br />

factors about the Chaldean community<br />

that helped him in his journey. “I<br />

had tremendous family support and<br />

prayer,” he said. “They catered to me<br />

through this entire journey. I’m very<br />

blessed and a lot of people don’t have<br />

what I have.”<br />

It wasn’t only Elia’s immediate<br />

family who reached out and tried to<br />

help him at various points in his journey.<br />

His cousins also made an effort to<br />

help him. In one particular instance,<br />

he remembers feeling annoyed and<br />

irritated when his cousin, whom he<br />

hadn’t talked with in a while, reached<br />

out, but grateful at the same time that<br />

someone still wanted to help him.<br />

If Elia could change one thing<br />

about how the community looks at<br />

SUD, it would be to eliminate secrecy<br />

and shame surrounding the disorder.<br />

“Talk about it, seek advice, and know<br />

that there are resources. Please reach<br />

out for help,” he said. “To the families,<br />

be supportive for that loved one who’s<br />

struggling. Be supportive in the best<br />

way you know how to and try not to<br />

look at it through an angry lens.”<br />

26 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>


CITIZENSHIP PREPARATION<br />

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To register please call CCF at 586-722-7253<br />

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NOVEMBER<br />

<strong>MAY</strong><br />

2023<br />

<strong>2024</strong> NEWS 33 27<br />

CHALDEAN COMMUNITY FOUNDATION 3601 15 MILE ROAD, STERLING HEIGHTS, MI 48310 586-722-7253 CHALDEANFOUNDATION.ORG


May Memories<br />

BY SARAH KITTLE<br />

May is a favorite month for<br />

many people. The weather<br />

is warming, everything is<br />

green, flower shoots are peeping out of<br />

the ground and tree buds are popping<br />

out all around us. It is the month of<br />

hope, of promise, of new beginnings.<br />

Let’s look back at May cover stories<br />

over the last two decades.<br />

The very first May cover, in 2004,<br />

celebrated Mother’s Day by covering<br />

the many changes that having a child<br />

makes in one’s life. Featuring a new<br />

mom in her forties, a mother of two<br />

kids in diapers, and a work-from-home<br />

mom of three who was juggling it all,<br />

the focus of the story was family. You<br />

don’t have to be perfect to be a mom,<br />

you just have to do your best. The rest,<br />

as my mom used to say, “will come out<br />

in the wash.”<br />

The cover of May 2005 featured the<br />

new Pope, Benedict XVI, who brought<br />

a fresh perspective to the papacy. He<br />

certainly had some forward-thinking<br />

views, including allowing the clergy to<br />

marry and women to be ordained, that<br />

had us “Pondering the Future” as the<br />

title told.<br />

The 2006 cover story, “How We<br />

Mourn” addressed changes to Chaldean<br />

funeral customs proposed by<br />

Chaldean clergy and community leaders.<br />

New guidelines were drawn up<br />

that outlined the changes, including<br />

eliminating the funeral procession,<br />

limiting visitation at the funeral home<br />

to one day only, and doing away with<br />

luncheons after the funeral Mass. The<br />

aim was to free up the clergy’s time<br />

to serve the community better and<br />

remove any undue strain on the deceased’s<br />

family.<br />

In May of 2007, the community celebrated<br />

a Silver Anniversary of Bishop<br />

Ibrahim Ibrahim’s life in the Church.<br />

The first bishop of the Chaldean Catholic<br />

Diocese in the United States, Ibrahim<br />

was only 14 when he went to seminary.<br />

The next year, May 2008, must<br />

have been a busy month as it featured<br />

several events, including a fundraiser<br />

for refugees organized by Steve Acho.<br />

In 2009, Chaldean Town businesses<br />

were singing the “Seven Mile Blues;”<br />

families were moving up and out of<br />

town and businesses were struggling.<br />

The Chaldean News covered it then and<br />

more recently covered the “last man<br />

standing” in the area. Interestingly,<br />

the Michigan Historical Commission<br />

has granted the neighborhood historical<br />

status, and a marker will soon be<br />

erected in honor of the people and businesses<br />

that put the area on the map.<br />

(Seriously, it’s still on Google Maps and<br />

in Trulia’s Neighborhood Guide).<br />

In 2010, we were covering both national<br />

and local politics in the cover<br />

story, “Where Will It Lead? US National<br />

Health Care Act & Michigan Smoking<br />

Ban.” Who knew we’d be talking about<br />

legal marijuana in less than a decade?<br />

“Soaring to New Heights” in 2011<br />

celebrated the organizations that uplift<br />

the community such as the Chaldean<br />

Community Foundation, the<br />

Chaldean Cultural Center, Chaldean<br />

American Ladies of Charity, Chaldean<br />

Federation of America, and Chaldean<br />

Outreach and Community Hope. Many<br />

of these organizations still exist and<br />

still serve the community.<br />

In 2012, “The Ultimate Gift,” we<br />

told the story of Vivian Yaldo, who donated<br />

one of her kidneys to daughter<br />

Lorraina and gave again the gift of life.<br />

May being Spring, and Spring being<br />

a time of rebirth, a few stories over the<br />

decades focused on health and wellness,<br />

including 2013’s “Resizing their<br />

Lives” which followed three individuals<br />

on their weight loss journey, 2015’s<br />

“Spring into Shape” featuring Knevyr<br />

Kathawa, a personal trainer in San Diego,<br />

and 2019’s “Guide to Good Health.”<br />

Other health-related issues include<br />

2020’s “Healthcare Heroes” highlighting<br />

the everyday heroes in the healthcare<br />

industry and 2021’s “A Good Shot in the<br />

Arm,” about the newly developed and<br />

controversial COVID vaccine.<br />

2014 had us “Remembering Mar<br />

Delly” and in 2016, we were “Checking<br />

in with Bishop Yaldo” in Baghdad. In<br />

2017, we were worrying about family<br />

members being deported with “Deportation<br />

Fears” and in 2018, we interviewed<br />

mothers who had faced the ultimate<br />

fear – losing their children – in<br />

“Surviving Loss.”<br />

May 2022 was a contentious cover<br />

as we featured a photo essay of Akitu,<br />

the Assyrian New Year. Historically,<br />

the festival served to establish harmony<br />

with nature, upon which the people<br />

were dependent, and to re-establish<br />

the bond between the king and his<br />

subjects.<br />

Last year, May of 2023, we wrote<br />

about “Building for the Future” and<br />

the new Chaldean center being built,<br />

referred to as the West Side Campus,<br />

CCF West, or Chaldean Town 2.0. I am<br />

happy to report that construction is underway,<br />

and the project is on time to be<br />

completed in late <strong>2024</strong> or early 2025.<br />

28 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>


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WHAT WE DO<br />

The Career Services Department at the Chaldean Community Foundation offers one-on-one assistance to help<br />

clients identify goals and develop careers.<br />

• Career Fairs<br />

• Employer Referrals<br />

• Job Application Completion<br />

• Training Opportunities<br />

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• Mock Interviews<br />

• Cover Letter Writing<br />

• FAFSA Completion<br />

To inquire about adding your open positions to our job bank and hiring one of our<br />

clients, please call or email Elias at 586.722.7253<br />

or elias.kattoula@chaldeanfoundation.org<br />

Chaldean Community Foundation | 3601 15 Mile Rd., Sterling Heights, MI 48310<br />

<strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 29


CULTURE & HISTORY<br />

Weaving a Narrative<br />

The Rich Complexity of Middle Eastern Folklore<br />

BY DR. ADHID MIRI & SARAH KITTLE<br />

“<br />

Forget death and seek life!”<br />

With these encouraging<br />

words, Gilgamesh, the star<br />

of the 4,000-year-old epic poem, coins<br />

the world’s first heroic catchphrase.<br />

Dating back to ancient Mesopotamia,<br />

the Epic of Gilgamesh stands<br />

as one of the oldest known works of<br />

literature in human history. This epic<br />

poem, written on clay tablets in cuneiform<br />

script, tells the story of Gilgamesh,<br />

the legendary half-god king<br />

of Uruk, and his quest for immortality.<br />

Through its portrayal of heroic deeds,<br />

friendship, and the inevitability of<br />

mortality, the Epic of Gilgamesh reflects<br />

the concerns and values of society<br />

in ancient Mesopotamia.<br />

At the heart of the epic lies the<br />

friendship between Gilgamesh and<br />

Enkidu, a wild man created by the god<br />

Aruru to challenge Gilgamesh’s tyranny,<br />

which was reported by his own<br />

subjects. The bond between Gilgamesh<br />

and Enkidu transcends the boundaries<br />

of social status and power, offering<br />

a reflective exploration of companionship<br />

and human experience.<br />

As Gilgamesh embarks on his journey<br />

to seek eternal life, he encounters<br />

obstacles that force him to confront the<br />

limits of his own mortality. Ultimately,<br />

he learns that true immortality lies not<br />

in physical longevity, but in the legacy<br />

one leaves behind.<br />

The ancient cuneiform tablet<br />

known as the Gilgamesh Dream Tablet<br />

is one of the world’s oldest surviving<br />

works of literature and one of the oldest<br />

religious texts. It was found in 1853<br />

as part of a 12-tablet collection in the<br />

rubble of the library of Assyrian King<br />

Assur Banipal.<br />

The Gilgamesh Dream Tablet was<br />

looted from an Iraqi museum during<br />

the Gulf War in 1991. The tablet reappeared<br />

in the UK in 2001. An American<br />

art dealer bought it from a Londonbased<br />

Jordanian family in 2003 before<br />

sending the piece to the US without<br />

declaring its true nature to customs.<br />

It was then sold to antique dealers<br />

in 2007 for $50,000, under a false certificate<br />

of origin. The tablet was sold<br />

once again in 2014 for $1.67 million to<br />

the owners of Hobby Lobby, the Green<br />

family, conservative Christians who<br />

wanted to display it at their Museum<br />

of the Bible in Washington.<br />

On September 23, 2021, the rare<br />

Sumerian poem on cuneiform tablet<br />

was returned to its rightful owners and<br />

country of origin, Iraq.<br />

Storytelling throughout history<br />

Middle Eastern folklore is a treasure<br />

trove of tales that have been<br />

passed down through generations,<br />

often orally, weaving together history,<br />

culture, and imagination. However,<br />

within this vast expanse of stories,<br />

Iraqi folklore holds a unique position,<br />

offering insights into the country’s<br />

rich and diverse heritage and the enduring<br />

spirit of its people.<br />

Moving forward in time, we encounter<br />

another cornerstone of Middle<br />

Eastern folklore: One Thousand and<br />

One Nights, also known as Arabian<br />

Nights. This collection of tales, framed<br />

within the narrative of Scheherazade,<br />

a clever storyteller who captivates<br />

King Shahryar with her stories to save<br />

her own life, offers a kaleidoscopic<br />

Top of page: A carving of Gilgamesh conquering the lion. Above: CCF staff and volunteers dressed in traditional<br />

village folk dress.<br />

view of the cultural mosaic of the Islamic<br />

Golden Age. From the adventures<br />

of Aladdin and Sinbad to the<br />

moral fables of animals and jinn, One<br />

Thousand and One Nights showcases<br />

the creativity and ingenuity of Middle<br />

Eastern storytelling.<br />

Iraqi tales occupy a distinctive<br />

place, reflecting the country’s rich history<br />

and diverse cultural heritage. The<br />

folklore encompasses a wide array of<br />

stories, legends, and myths that have<br />

been passed down orally from generation<br />

to generation. These tales often<br />

blend elements of ancient Mesopotamian<br />

mythology with influences from<br />

Islamic, Persian, and Kurdish traditions,<br />

resulting in a tapestry of narratives<br />

that is uniquely Iraqi.<br />

Western audiences have grown<br />

used to the marauding heroes of Arabic<br />

folklore. Characters like Sinbad the<br />

Sailor and Ali Baba instantly conjure<br />

images of hidden treasure and desperate<br />

sword fights. But in the Middle<br />

East itself, many people prefer a more<br />

down-to-earth figure: Juha, a wise old<br />

fool, and his long-suffering donkey.<br />

Whether outwitting his adversaries<br />

or offering sage advice in the guise of<br />

folly, Juha represents the wisdom of<br />

the common people and the resilience<br />

of the human spirit in the face of adversity.<br />

Another prominent figure in Iraqi<br />

folklore is the legendary Abu Zayd al-<br />

Hilali, whose adventures have been<br />

immortalized in poetry and folk songs.<br />

Known for his courage, wit, and chivalry,<br />

Abu Zayd embodies the ideals of<br />

honor and bravery that resonate deeply<br />

within Iraqi culture. His exploits,<br />

which often involve encounters with<br />

supernatural beings and epic battles,<br />

serve as a source of inspiration and<br />

pride for Iraqis across generations.<br />

FOLKLORE continued on page 32<br />

30 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>


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FOLKLORE continued from page 30<br />

Iraqi folklore also encompasses<br />

a rich tradition of mystical tales and<br />

legends, such as the story of the Seven<br />

Sleepers of Ephesus, which has roots<br />

in Christian, Islamic, and Jewish mythology.<br />

This tale, which tells of seven<br />

Christian youths who miraculously<br />

slept for centuries in a cave, reflects<br />

the varied nature of Iraqi culture and<br />

its ability to assimilate diverse religious<br />

influences.<br />

Modern day storytellers<br />

Honoring the enduring legacy of<br />

the past while embracing the diversity<br />

and creativity of the present, modern<br />

day Iraqi American story tellers use<br />

new formats to reach their audience.<br />

Jacquelyn Santo, author of the children’s<br />

book, “Sweet Dreams, Habibi,”<br />

said, “It has been wonderful to be able<br />

to use social media to connect with<br />

other moms and see photos of children<br />

enjoying the book.” She added, “Being<br />

able to share snippets of the book has<br />

been a great way to allow parents to<br />

get a little preview before buying.”<br />

Assyrian Chaldean author Christina<br />

Salem shared a story about her trip<br />

to Iraq and encounter with a sculpture<br />

of the popular mythical creature,<br />

the Lamassu. She explained how the<br />

creature was a symbol of the Assyrian<br />

kings’ power and was meant to protect<br />

it. “I captured a photo in a landmark<br />

home in Erbil and accompanied it with<br />

this as the caption [the definition from<br />

Britannica].” Salem goes on to say,<br />

“Many westerners were visiting at the<br />

time, and I feel this inspired and set<br />

the tone for many to capture the same<br />

moment I saw echoed on social media<br />

during my stay there.”<br />

Weam Namou, author and executive<br />

director of the Chaldean Cultural<br />

Center, says, “I integrate words, foods,<br />

traditions, real-life characters, and<br />

even songs to tell modern Chaldean<br />

stories.” She explains further, “Using<br />

contemporary language that is concise<br />

and relatable allows readers from diverse<br />

backgrounds to connect with and<br />

immerse themselves in the narratives.”<br />

Namou, an award-winning author of<br />

ten books, says she was influenced by<br />

her homeland’s folklore including the<br />

Epic of Gilgamesh, which has a flood<br />

story like that of Noah in the Bible, and<br />

the story of Sargon the Great, whose account<br />

mirrors that of the biblical Moses.<br />

She shows how she uses tradition<br />

to create new stories, such as that of<br />

Pomegranate, her novel that was made<br />

into a feature film. “The main character,<br />

Niran, is a poet who channels<br />

Enheduanna, King Sargon’s daughter<br />

and the first credited writer in history.”<br />

She explains, “By immersing herself in<br />

Enheduanna’s poetry, Niran breathes<br />

life into her spirit, making her an active<br />

participant in the film.<br />

“My storytelling predominantly revolves<br />

around nonfiction and memoir<br />

genres. It incorporates a rich tapestry<br />

of history, culture and heritage. Even<br />

within my novels, I often interweave<br />

true stories that provide readers with<br />

a profound understanding of the Chaldean<br />

people, their contemporary challenges,<br />

and their way of life.”<br />

Christina Salem, an activist who selfpublished<br />

a book called “#TGIMITB - the<br />

girl I met in the bathroom,” says, “When<br />

storytelling I try to incorporate as many<br />

layers that attribute to the story as I can<br />

in whatever portrayal I’m using.” She<br />

explains, “I enjoy putting together as<br />

many pieces of art in various forms into<br />

every masterpiece I create.”<br />

Santo says, “Throughout the book<br />

[“Sweet Dreams, Habibi”], I include<br />

many traditional elements. For example,<br />

on the first page, I have Assyrian<br />

inspired art in the background and<br />

32 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>


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Middle Eastern food represented on<br />

another page.<br />

“I also wanted to celebrate the diversity<br />

of Iraq.” She goes on. “On one<br />

of my favorite pages, all the adults are<br />

sitting around a table playing cards<br />

and drinking chai. One of the women<br />

has a hajib on.”<br />

Honoring the diversity and creativeness<br />

of their people, Chaldean<br />

storytelling not only preserves the past<br />

but also serves as a guiding light for<br />

future generations, imparting invaluable<br />

lessons of resilience, wisdom,<br />

and interconnectedness.<br />

As the world continues to evolve,<br />

the tales of the Chaldean people remain<br />

a source of inspiration, reminding<br />

us of the profound impact that<br />

stories have in shaping our understanding<br />

of ourselves and the world<br />

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<strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 33


CULTURE & HISTORY<br />

What’s in a Name?<br />

Chaldean family names contain nuggets of history<br />

BY ADHID MIRI, PhD<br />

There certainly are a lot of important<br />

names in history. Have you<br />

ever wondered where all these<br />

names came from? How did you get<br />

yours? It may have come from your parents.<br />

But where did they get it from?<br />

People haven’t always had last<br />

names. China was one of the earliest civilizations<br />

to use surnames. People there<br />

reportedly took on family names over<br />

three thousand years ago to help improve<br />

their census. For many years, surnames<br />

were passed down by mothers. Today,<br />

though, in much of the world most children<br />

take their father’s last name.<br />

Surnames may have originated from<br />

personal characteristics, locations,<br />

events, or family associations. The<br />

use of surnames was not common in<br />

Europe before the Middle Ages. As cities<br />

became larger and more populous,<br />

additional names were added to make<br />

them stylish, or to help people specify<br />

which “Tom” was being talked about.<br />

Surnames sometimes changed within<br />

a person’s lifespan or were sometimes<br />

imposed by other people or by law.<br />

For historical Chaldeans, choosing<br />

a name for a newborn in the villages<br />

was influenced by religion; it was always<br />

derived from the Aramaic language.<br />

Some babies were named after<br />

a famous or influential person, some<br />

after an elder family member, and others<br />

followed whatever was in style.<br />

However, certain names are perpetually<br />

popular, regardless of trends.<br />

This article is meant to inform the<br />

readers about Chaldean and Christian<br />

family names. It is not an exhaustive<br />

list of everything in the Chaldean<br />

Church’s libraries, catalogs, records,<br />

or birth records, but it prompts a call<br />

for further research.<br />

The Chaldean names collected here<br />

may contain modern Arabic names,<br />

followed mostly by Aramaic or biblical<br />

names such as the name of the author of<br />

this article (Adhid Yousif Mansour Franci<br />

Yousif Francis Gorgees Mary/Miri).<br />

Note that you may find some duplicate<br />

names because there are many ways to<br />

write, spell, or translate the same name.<br />

Names and Cultures<br />

The most common last names in the<br />

world vary by region and culture. It is<br />

important to note that the popularity<br />

of last names can change over time<br />

due to factors like migration and cultural<br />

shifts.<br />

Names and naming practices in<br />

other cultural areas show a strong<br />

similarity in basic trends. Among<br />

the ancient Babylonians and Assyrians,<br />

names are theophoric designations<br />

(having the name of a god embedded<br />

in something, such as a name)<br />

such as Nebuchadrezzar of the Bible,<br />

translated as “Nabu (a god) protected<br />

the estate.” And Ashurbanipal, meaning<br />

“Ashur (a god) created a son (heir).”<br />

Christianity gave the Middle East<br />

a host of Aramaic names, well beyond<br />

the area where Arabic is spoken. The<br />

last name of Arabic families either refers<br />

to the name of the tribe the person<br />

belongs to, or to the region, city, or<br />

town he/she originates from as a representation<br />

of the purity of blood and to<br />

show the pride one has for his ancestry.<br />

Al- means “the.” It often prefixes<br />

Arabic proper nouns, especially place<br />

names; an example is Al-Jazīrah (Arabic:<br />

“The Island”). Family names can<br />

relate to places, like al-Mousli (“from<br />

Mosul”) jobs, such as Haddad (“blacksmith”),<br />

or tribes, like al-Timmimi<br />

(“from the Timmimi tribe”). They usually<br />

end with i, e, or y such as Anni,<br />

Rawi, Rubaie, Shakarchi, Pachachi,<br />

Janabbi, Hillawy, and Dewany.<br />

In most Middle Eastern countries,<br />

people are called by their first names.<br />

In official documents, they always<br />

have three- or four-part names (i.e.<br />

first name, father’s name, grandfather’s<br />

name, and surname).<br />

In the countries that still maintain<br />

tribal structures, such as Yemen, Jordan,<br />

and the Gulf States, surnames are always<br />

used. In the early seventies in Iraq, the<br />

last names were removed by the Baath<br />

regime. This was part of a movement decreed<br />

by the socialist-Ba’athist party at<br />

the time aimed at treating people equally,<br />

stating no one should be preferred<br />

or privileged based on their tribal roots.<br />

The real reason was to camouflage the<br />

fact that most prominent Ba’athist officials<br />

had names like Al-Tikriti, Al-Douri,<br />

and Al-Sammarai.<br />

Origins of Chaldean names<br />

The study of the history and origin of<br />

family names in the village of Tilkepe<br />

was comprehensively documented by<br />

Father Michael Jajjo Bazzi in his book,<br />

“Tilkepe Past & Present,” published<br />

in 1969. His investigation included<br />

baptismal records from the Church of<br />

Tilkepe dating to the year 1790.<br />

The last names in Chaldean villages<br />

can be traced to the Middle Ages. At<br />

that time, they lived in small villages<br />

separated by large areas of farmland.<br />

People rarely met those from other areas.<br />

Everyone knew all the others who<br />

lived in their village, so there wasn’t a<br />

need for last names.<br />

Over time, though, these villages<br />

and populations grew. People traveled<br />

more. They traded with other places.<br />

Soon, they needed a way to tell the difference<br />

between people with the same<br />

name. Last names served to separate<br />

one “Jajjo” from another “Jajjo.”<br />

Christians and Chaldeans started to<br />

use Arabic names at the beginning of the<br />

20th century. Many of the Arabic names<br />

adopted by Chaldeans have meanings as<br />

ordinary adjectives and nouns. For example,<br />

the Arabic name Azziz means “dear,”<br />

Habib means “beloved,” Saeed means<br />

NAMES continued on page 36<br />

34 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>


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CULTURE & HISTORY<br />

NAMES continued from page 34<br />

“happy,” Khalid means “immortal,” and<br />

Essa is a variation of “Yasuo,” or Christ.<br />

Some Chaldean names have religious<br />

associations. For example, Putrus<br />

(Peter), Hanna (John), Mikha (Michael),<br />

Toma (Thomas), Matti (Matta,<br />

Matthew), Tobia (Tobias), etc. The most<br />

common Chaldean names are perhaps<br />

Mikha or Jajjo because of St. Mikhael<br />

and St. Gorgies, the patron saints of<br />

several Nineveh Plain villages.<br />

Over time, Chaldean surnames<br />

were derived from a few different attributes<br />

or characteristics, including<br />

occupation, nickname, place name, or<br />

religious sources.<br />

One way to distinguish between<br />

individuals was to specify their occupation.<br />

This gave rise to names like<br />

Kathawa (writer), Naggara (carpenter),<br />

Qassawa (butcher), Qinaya or Kinaya<br />

(goldsmith), Hakim (physician or wise<br />

man), and Hallaq (barber).<br />

Some surnames are nicknames<br />

that reflect careers, physical traits, or<br />

places that may have been imposed by<br />

friends or foes, including names like<br />

Asmar, Bahhora, Qarana, Hannona,<br />

Kharsa, Miskayna, Marzoq, Sulaqa,<br />

Yatooma, and Yono.<br />

People were also named after place<br />

names like Aaqrawi, Zibari, and Batnawi.<br />

Then there are clergy and compound<br />

names such as Abbona, Qasha, Qas-<br />

Korkies, Qas Mikha, Qas Youhanna,<br />

Qas Maroogi, Shamasha- Kacho, Al-Qas<br />

Matti, Al-Qas Oddish, Al-Qas Maroogi,<br />

Al- Qas Paulis, Al-Qas Shamoun, and Al-<br />

Qas Mikha, for example.<br />

Short Names<br />

Shortened names are the trend of all<br />

cultures and times. We find that Arabic<br />

names are replaced by other names;<br />

Abdullah is called “Aboudi,” Zainab is<br />

called “Zizi,” Khadija is called “Didi,”<br />

Shaker, they call him “Shoshu,” Hickmat<br />

is called “Hakommi,” and so on.<br />

This phenomenon is not limited to<br />

our Middle Eastern societies. Rather,<br />

we find in the West those who call<br />

someone named Robert “Bob,” and<br />

use “Pat” for Patricia.<br />

A similar pattern occurs with Chaldean/Aramaic<br />

names but with an Akkadian<br />

twist. Calling people by names<br />

other than their legal name is common<br />

among Chaldeans. For men, Azziz becomes<br />

“Azzo,” Elias becomes “Allo,”<br />

Fouad is “Fa’aoo,” Safa Is “Safo,” and<br />

Luay becomes “LuLu.” In the case of<br />

women’s names, Afaf becomes “Affo,”<br />

Hanaa is “Hanno,” Rand is “Ranno,”<br />

Regina is “Rajjo,” and Habboba becomes<br />

“Habbo.” The list goes on.<br />

Digital Family Tree Project<br />

Onomastics (the study of the history<br />

and origin of proper names) can<br />

be a very useful tool in genealogical<br />

research as it is one of many ways to<br />

build family trees and provide insight<br />

into the identities of one’s ancestors.<br />

The Chaldean News and Chaldean<br />

Cultural Center plan to research and<br />

document information into the Chaldean<br />

Community Digital Family Tree<br />

project. The idea is to include the<br />

ancestry of Chaldean families in the<br />

US and elsewhere in the diaspora by<br />

using documentation such as correspondence,<br />

photos, and personal interviews.<br />

The project will include family-name<br />

studies to locate and organize<br />

information about everyone who has<br />

had a specific Chaldean family name<br />

as far back in time as possible.<br />

Comprehensive, accurate, updated<br />

research and careful tracking is needed<br />

to learn where specific name elements<br />

came from, and to identify specific<br />

sources, double-check the work to verify<br />

spellings, also expand the descriptions<br />

of the various name elements and<br />

illustrations of common name forms<br />

with actual period examples of each.<br />

As a result, rigorous research is<br />

needed to complete this article. The<br />

names list in this article consists of<br />

names from the church records of<br />

one village, Tilkepe only. To help our<br />

research, please message any family<br />

name information or family tree data<br />

to edit@chaldeannews.com.<br />

Together, we can grow the family<br />

tree for future generations to study<br />

and learn where they came from.<br />

Common Tilkepe<br />

Family Names<br />

(In Surath)<br />

Abbaso, Abbo, Abro, Abs’so,<br />

Acho, Arabo, Asso, Atto, Attu,<br />

Babbo, Bachou, Baho, Bajjo,<br />

Bakaloo, Bakkaio, Bashou, Batto,<br />

Bazido, Becho, Beebu, Besto,<br />

Binno, Bodo, Brikho<br />

Dadoo, Dakko, Dallou, Danno,<br />

Darboo, Dawiethko, Da’ako,<br />

Deeko, Dikho, Duddo,<br />

Eesso<br />

Fajjo, Faranso, Faroo,<br />

Gaggo, Gammo, Gamsho, Gannou,<br />

Garmo, Gasso, Gatho,<br />

Gathro, Gathrou, Gatto, Genju,<br />

Gidoo, Gishou, Goro<br />

Habboo, Habso, Haddou, Haido,<br />

Hailo, Halabu, Hammo, Hanko,<br />

Hasseno, Hasyno, Hatanou,<br />

Haydo, Hayoo, Hilanto, Hindo<br />

Jaboro, Jalabo, Jallou, Jammo,<br />

Jarango, Jarbo, Jibbo, Jiddou,<br />

Jindou<br />

Kako, Kalasho, Kamanno, Kametto,<br />

Kammo, Kandro, Kanounu,<br />

Karcho, Karmo, Kashjo, Kasho,<br />

Katcho, Katto, Khamirko, Khamoro,<br />

Khoshko, Kilano, Killo,<br />

Kinno, Kitto, Kriko<br />

Mahoo, Makhoo, Mammo, Manjo,<br />

Margo, Mayzo, Ma’ano, Minio,<br />

Mio, Mizo, Mukhito, Mukko<br />

Nafsu, Nano, Na’alo, Na’amo<br />

Odesho, Oodo, Oro, Osmano,<br />

Osso, Oujjo<br />

Patto<br />

Qarcho, Qatto, Qesto, Qieppo,<br />

Qijbou, Qiracho, Qiryo, Qiyo,<br />

Qourino<br />

Rashoo<br />

Saco, Saffo, Salmou, Salmou,<br />

Shaffou, Shammo, Shango,<br />

Sheeto, Sheikho, Shinno, Sir-<br />

Kindo, Sitto, Sivi- Mammo, Somo,<br />

Soro, Sotta-Mikko, Stanithou<br />

Tamtemo<br />

Yaldoo, Yasso, Yono<br />

Zakko, Zetto<br />

SOURCES: FATHER MICHAEL JAJJO BAZZI‘S “TILKEPE<br />

PAST & PRESENT” PUBLISHED IN 1969; DIRECTORY<br />

OF CHALDEAN IRAQI ASSOCIATION OF MICHIGAN<br />

C.I.A.A.M.; THE HISTORY OF THE IRAQI COMMUNITY<br />

IN AMERICA BY DEACON SHAMOUN (SAM) DABISH;<br />

WIKIPEDIA; AND ENCYCLOPEDIA BRITANNICA.<br />

36 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>


3601 15 Mile Rd., Sterling Heights, MI 48310<br />

<strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 37


تجعل العديد من هذه األسامء ذات أصول آرامية<br />

وأكادية وكلدانية مشرتكة ، وهذا نجده شائع بني<br />

أألسامء الكلدانية واألشورية واليزيدية يف منطقة<br />

سهل نينوى وشامل العراق فقط وليس يف محافظات<br />

الجنوب واألهوار.‏<br />

أصل األسامء الكلدانية<br />

ميكن إرجاع األسامء األخرية يف القرى الكلدانية إىل<br />

العصور الوسطى.‏ إذ يف ذلك الوقت،‏ كانوا مزارعني<br />

يعيشون يف قرى صغرية تفصلها مساحات واسعة من<br />

األرايض الزراعية ونادرا ما يلتقى الناس بأشخاص من<br />

مناطق أخرى،‏ وكان الجميع يعرفون اآلخرين الذين<br />

يعيشون يف قريتهم،‏ لذلك مل تكن هناك حاجة ألسامء<br />

العائلة،‏ وإمنا فقط أسامء املحالت التي ينتمون اليها.‏<br />

ومع مرور الوقت،‏ منت هذه القرى والسكان،‏<br />

وانتقل ورحل وسافر واندمج الناس وتواصلوا مع<br />

أماكن أخرى،‏ ورسعان ما احتاجوا إىل طريقة لتعريف<br />

األشخاص الذين يحملون نفس االسم األول،‏ وبدأت<br />

األسامء األخرية كوسيلة لفصل ‏“ججو”‏ عن ‏“ججو”‏<br />

آخر.‏<br />

وتعتمد األسامء الكلدانية والعربية تقليديًا عىل<br />

نظام تسمية طويل.‏ عىل عكس األسامء األمريكية،‏<br />

عىل سبيل املثال،‏ ميكن أن تتكون األسامء العربية من<br />

أربعة أسامء أو أكرث،‏ تحدد اسم الشخص،‏ واسم األب،‏<br />

واسم الجد،‏ وأخريا اسم العائلة كام يف ‏)كامل بطرس<br />

منصور مريي(.‏<br />

بدأ املسيحيون والكلدانيون باستخدام األسامء<br />

العربية يف بداية القرن العرشين،‏ والعديد من األسامء<br />

العربية التي اعتمدها الكلدانيون لها معاين كصفات<br />

وأسامء أو ارتباطات دينية،‏ عىل سبيل املثال،‏ بيرت<br />

‏)بطرس(،‏ حنا ‏)يوحنا(،‏ ميخا ‏)مايكل(،‏ توما ‏)توماس(،‏<br />

متي ‏)متا،‏ ماثيو(،‏ طوبيا ‏)توبياس(،‏ إلخ.‏ وتعترب بعض<br />

األسامء الكلدانية األكرث شيوعًا مثل ‏)ميخا(‏ أو ‏)ججو(‏<br />

بسبب القديسني ميخائيل أو كوركيس شفيعي عدة<br />

قرى يف سهل نينوى.‏<br />

ومع مرور الوقت،‏ تم اشتقاق األلقاب الكلدانية<br />

من السامت أو الخصائص التالية:‏<br />

املهنة - إحدى الطرق للتمييز بني األفراد هي<br />

تحديد مهنتهم.‏ أدى هذا إىل ظهور أسامء مثل:‏ كثاوا<br />

‏)كاتب(،‏ نكًارا ‏)نجار(،‏ قصاوة ‏)جزار(،‏ قينايا ‏)صائغ(،‏<br />

حكيم ‏)طبيب أو مفكر(،‏ وغريها.‏<br />

ألسامت-‏ مثل:‏ ‏)أسمر،‏ قرانه،‏ حنونة،‏ خرسا،‏<br />

مسكينة،‏ يتوما(.‏<br />

أسامء األماكن أو املواقع الجغرافية – يتم<br />

تسمية األشخاص عىل اسم األماكن التي أتوا منها مثل<br />

‏)عقراوي،‏ زيباري،‏ بطناوي(.‏<br />

أسامء امرأة:‏ ديل،‏ داليل،‏ زيتو،‏ حاممة،‏ رشو،‏ شفو،‏<br />

زيتونة.‏<br />

أسامء دينية:‏ أبونا،‏ قاشا،‏ قس كًوركًيس،‏ قس<br />

ميخا،‏ قس يوحنا،‏ قس مرويًكً‏ ، شامشا-‏ كجو،‏ شامشا-‏<br />

بيش.‏<br />

أسامء عوائل سورثية ‏-كلدانية شهرية<br />

تم توثيق أصول ودراسة تاريخ وأصل أسامء العائالت<br />

لقرية تلكيف بشكل شامل من قبل األب ميخائيل<br />

ججو بزي يف كتابه ‏“بلدة تلكيف ماضيها وحارضها<br />

“ الصادر عام 1969” وأعتمد يف مصادره واسانيده<br />

ومعلوماته اىل سجالت العامذ من كنيسة تلكيف لعام<br />

1901 ومنها يعود إىل عام 1790.<br />

وبالتأكيد هناك حاجة إىل مزيد من اإلضافات<br />

والبحث الدقيق إلكامل هذه املقالة،‏ من الصعب تذكر<br />

الكثري من التواريخ وكل بلدات وسجالت بلداتنا وكنائسنا<br />

وكل ما ورد من أسامء هو من سجالت الكنيسة لقرية<br />

واحدة فقط ‏)تلكيف(‏ وبالطبع هذا غري كافٍ‏ . وليس<br />

من الصدفة أن نجد فيام بينها مجموعة كبرية من أسامء<br />

العوائل التي جرى تسجيلها ومتثل أغلبية سكان البلدة<br />

وتنتهي بحرف الواو كام يف أدناه:‏<br />

‏)أودو،‏ أورو،‏ أوسامنو،‏ أسو،‏ أوديشو،‏ أوجو(‏<br />

- ‏)بابو،‏ بجو،‏ بحو،‏ باجو،‏ باكالو،‏ باكايو،‏ بشو،‏ بتو،‏<br />

بازيدو،‏ بكو،‏ بيبو،‏ بيستو،‏ بنو،‏ بودو،‏ بريخو(‏ - ‏)دادو،‏<br />

دكو،‏ دلو،‏ دانو،‏ داربو،‏ داويثكو،‏ ديكو،‏ دخو،‏ دودو(‏<br />

- ‏)جابرو،‏ جاالبو،‏ جلو،‏ جمو،‏ جارنجو،‏ جربو،‏ جبو،‏<br />

جدو،‏ جندو،‏ جينجو،‏ جيدو(‏ ‏-)خمورو،‏ خمركو،‏<br />

خوشو ) - ‏)حبو،‏ حبصو،‏ حدو،‏ حيدو،‏ حلبو ، حمو،‏<br />

حنكو،‏ حسينو،‏ حسانو،‏ حيو(‏ - ‏)همو،‏ هيلو،‏ هيالنتو،‏<br />

هندو(‏ ‏-)كاكو،‏ كًسو ‏،كلشو،‏ كلو،،‏ كمنو،‏ كاميتو،‏ كمو،‏<br />

كندرو،‏ كانونو،‏ كًرمو،‏ كشجو،‏ ، كجو،‏ كاتو ، كيالنو،‏<br />

كَنو،‏ كِتو،‏ كركو(‏ – ‏)كًكًو،‏ كًمو،‏ كًمشو،‏ كًنو،‏ كًسو،‏<br />

كًاثو،‏ كًاثرو،‏ جاثرو،‏ كًاتو،‏ كًشو،‏ كًورو(‏ ‏-)فجو،‏ فرانسو،‏<br />

فرو(‏ - ‏)محو،‏ مخو،‏ ممو،‏ منجو،‏ مركًو،‏ ميزو،‏ معنّو،‏<br />

مينو،‏ ميو،‏ ميزو،‏ موخيتو،‏ مكو(‏ - ‏)نانو،‏ نفسو،‏ نعلو،‏<br />

نعمو(‏ - ‏)عبو،‏ عربو،‏ عباسو،‏ عبسو،‏ عجو،‏ عربو،‏ عتو،‏<br />

عطّو،‏ عيسو(‏ - ‏)صبو،‏ صفو،‏ صومو،‏ صورو(‏ - ‏)ساكو،‏<br />

سلمو،‏ ستو،‏ رس كندو،‏ سيفي ممو ، سوتا مكو،‏<br />

سطانيثو(‏ - ‏)شفو،‏ شمو،‏ شنكًو،‏ شيتو،‏ شيخو،‏ شينو(‏ -<br />

‏)قاطو،‏ قجبو،‏ قرجو ، قريو،‏ قسطو،‏ قيبو،‏ قيو،‏ قرياجو،‏<br />

قورينو(‏ - ‏)رشو،‏ رمو(–‏ ( زكو،‏ زيتو(‏ -- ‏)متتيمو(‏ -<br />

‏)يلدو،‏ يسو،‏ يونو(.‏<br />

املرشوع الرقمي لشجرة<br />

العائلة الكلدانية<br />

ميكن أن يكون لعلم التسميات ‏)دراسة تاريخ وأصل<br />

أسامء األعالم(‏ أداة مفيدة جدًا يف أبحاث األنساب ألنه<br />

أحد الطرق العديدة لبناء شجرة العائلة،‏ وتوفري طرق<br />

لاللتفاف حول املوانع التقليدية وتوفري نظرة ثاقبة<br />

لهويات أسالف الفرد والعائلة.‏<br />

وهناك حاجة ماسة بني افراد الجيل الجديد وسط<br />

جاليتنا النامية ملعرفة الروابط العائلية واصول اباءهم<br />

وأمهاتهم خاصة يف مناسبات التعارف والزواج وهذا<br />

يتطلب بحث شامل ودقيق وتحديثات دورية ملعرفة<br />

مصادر املعلومات والتأكد من مقاربات تهجئة وترجمة<br />

األسامء التي نجدها تكتب بثالثة أنواع أو اكرث ،<br />

وكذلك توسيع أوصاف عنارص االسم املختلفة،‏ والرسوم<br />

التوضيحية لنامذج األسامء الشائعة مع أمثلة الفرتة<br />

الزمنية لكل منهام.‏<br />

ومن اجل ذلك تخطط مجلة أخبار الكلدان<br />

‏)كالديان نيوز(‏ واملركز الثقايف الكلداين يف بناية الجالية<br />

الجديدة يف مدينة ويست بلومفيلد ‏)تقاطع شارعي<br />

إنكسرت وامليل السادس عش ‏-وولنت ليك روود(‏ لدعم<br />

وبحث وتوثيق املرشوع الرقمي للمجتمع الكلداين<br />

الذي سيشمل أشجار العائالت للعائالت الكلدانية<br />

يف الواليات املتحدة األمريكية وأماكن أخرى.‏ يهدف<br />

املرشوع إىل إنشاء دراسات حول أسامء العائلة لتحديد<br />

وتنظيم املعلومات،‏ ونتطلع مشاركة كل من لديه<br />

شجرة العائلة ومعلومات عن األسامء من اجل إمتام<br />

وانجاح الربنامج قدر اإلمكان.‏<br />

وتأسيساً‏ عىل ذلك،‏ إذا كنتم تحبون الدراسات<br />

االجتامعية واملشاركة الطوعية ، فان تعلّم املايض ميكن<br />

أن يكون ممتعًا للغاية وإنه ألمر رائع أن نتعلم أين<br />

كنا وأين أصبحنا وكيف يجوهر املايض صيغة الحارض<br />

واملستقبل.‏<br />

وللمساعدة يف بحوثنا ومساعينا يرجى منكم<br />

إرسال أملعلومات عن اسامء أو بيانات شجرة العائلة<br />

إىل العنوان التايل:‏ edit@chaldeannews.com<br />

املصادر:‏ كتاب بلدة تلكيف ماضيها وحارضها<br />

لألب ميخائيل ججو بزي الصادر عام 1969. دليل<br />

الجمعية الكلدانية العراقية يف ميشيغان لعام 2002،<br />

كتاب تاريخ الجالية العراقية يف امريكا بقلم الشامس<br />

شمعون ‏)سام(‏ دابش الصادر عام 1975 وويكيبيديا<br />

املوسوعة الربيطانية.‏<br />

38 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>


CULTURE & HISTORY<br />

أصول أسامء العائالت الكلدانية<br />

بقلم د عضيد مريي،‏<br />

مقدمة<br />

من املؤكد أن هناك الكثري من األسامء التأريخية<br />

والقاب شهرية لعامة الناس للعوائل يف العراق وعادةً‏<br />

ما يتم مترير االسم األخري،‏ واملعروف أيضً‏ ا باسم العائلة<br />

أو اللقب من جيل إىل جيل.‏ ولكن هل تساءلتم يوما<br />

من أين جاءت كل هذه األسامء؟ وكيف حصلتم عىل<br />

اسم ولقب عائلتكم؟ رمبا التسمية جاءت من والديك،‏<br />

ولكن من أين حصلوا عليه؟<br />

ميكن أن توفر األلقاب نظرة ثاقبة ألصل الشخص<br />

أو خلفيته الثقافية أو أصله الجغرايف،‏ وميكن اشتقاق<br />

األسامء األخرية من املهن عىل سبيل املثال،‏ ‏)النجار(،‏<br />

أو املوقع ‏)عقراوي(،‏ أو الخصائص الشخصية ‏)قصري(،‏<br />

أو النسب األبوي عىل سبيل املثال،‏ ‏)ابن سينا(‏ ومع<br />

مرور الوقت تطورت مامرسات التسمية هذه وتأثرت<br />

بالعوامل التاريخية،‏ والثقافية،‏ واللغوية،‏ وقد تكون<br />

األلقاب قد نشأت من الخصائص الشخصية،‏ أو املواقع<br />

الجغرافية،‏ أو األحداث،‏ أو االرتباطات العائلية.‏<br />

مل يكن استخدام األلقاب شائعًا يف أوروبا قبل<br />

العصور الوسطى،‏ ولكن بعدما أصبحت املدن أكرب<br />

وأكرث اكتظاظا بالسكان،‏ متت إضافة أسامء إضافية<br />

لجعلها أنيقة،‏ أو ملساعدة الناس عىل تحديد الشخص<br />

الذي يتم الحديث عنه.‏ كام وقد تتغري األلقاب يف<br />

بعض األحيان خالل عمر الشخص أو يتم فرضها يف<br />

بعض األحيان من قبل أشخاص آخرين أو مبوجب<br />

تغيريات يف قوانني البالد.‏<br />

تهدف هذه املقالة إىل تعريف القراء بأسامء العائالت<br />

الكلدانية واملسيحية،‏ وهي ليست شاملة لكل ما هو<br />

مدرج يف مكتبات الكنائس الكلدانية،‏ واألديرة أو الفهارس،‏<br />

أو سجالت الوالدات،‏ ولكنها اجتهاد معريف ودعوة إلجراء<br />

املزيد من البحث األكادميي واللغوي والتأريخي.‏<br />

وقد تحتوي األسامء الكلدانية املُجمعة عىل أسامء<br />

عربية حديثة،‏ تليها يف الغالب أسامء آرامية أو كلدانية<br />

كام يف مثل اسم كاتب هذا املقالة ‏)عضيد يوسف<br />

منصور فرنيس يوسف فرنسيس كًوركًيس من أل مريي/‏<br />

ماري(،‏ واملالحظ أن بعض األسامء املكررة لها أكرث من<br />

طريقة لكتابة االسم أو تهجئته أو ترجمته.‏<br />

األسامء والثقافات<br />

تختلف األسامء األخرية واألكرث شيوعًا يف العامل حسب<br />

املنطقة والثقافة.‏ ومن املهم مالحظة أن شعبية<br />

األسامء األخرية ميكن أن تتغري مبرور الوقت بسبب<br />

عوامل مثل الهجرة والتحوالت الثقافية والرتجمة من<br />

لغة اىل أخرى بل وحتى املرتجم.‏<br />

يف البدء مل يكن لدى الناس دامئًا أسامء أخرية<br />

ولسنوات عديدة،‏ كان يتم تناقل األلقاب من األمهات،‏<br />

ولكن اليوم،‏ يأخذ معظم األطفال يف معظم أنحاء<br />

العامل االسم األخري لوالدهم.‏ وتعترب الصني واحدة من<br />

أقدم الحضارات التي استخدمت األلقاب واخذ الناس<br />

هناك أسامء عائالتهم منذ أكرث من ثالثة آالف عام<br />

للمساعدة يف تحسني تعدادهم السكاين.‏<br />

ويف أوروبا،‏ نشأ استخدام أسامء العائالت يف األرس<br />

األرستقراطية ويف املدن الكربى أوالً،‏ حيث تطورت من<br />

األلقاب الفردية األصلية ثم أصبحت األخرية وراثية<br />

وأكرث شيوعًا خالل العصور الوسطى مع منو السكان<br />

وحاجة األفراد إىل مُعرفات إضافية لغرض التمييز .<br />

ويف العراق،‏ تعترب الديانة املسيحية واألديان<br />

األخرى أحد العوامل املحفزة الكبريةعند اختيار األسم.‏<br />

فعندما يكون لديك ديانات كبرية ذات تقاليد كتابية<br />

قوية غالبًا ما يختار الناس أسامء من هذه الكتب<br />

املقدسة.‏ ففي عامل األرسة الكلدانية قديم الزمان كان<br />

اختيار اسم املولود الجديد يف القرى يتأثر بالدين،‏ أي<br />

أنه يكون مشتقا من اسم قديس او قديسة ‏)مثل ميخا<br />

وحنا ومريم وحنة(،‏ أو يتبع اسم شخص مشهور أو<br />

مؤثر ‏)أيزن ‏-الرئيس أيزنهاور(‏ أو ‏)ريجينة/‏ رجو - كام<br />

يف لقب ملكة إنكلرتا اليزابيث ريجينا(،‏ أو عىل اسم<br />

أحد أفراد األرسة األكرب سنا،‏ والبعض اآلخر يتبع ما هو<br />

عىل املوضة الحديثة.‏ ومع ذلك،‏ فإن بعض األسامء<br />

تحظى بشعبية دامئة،‏ بغض النظر عن االتجاهات<br />

الدينية والحراك االجتامعي.‏<br />

أعطت املسيحية الرشق األوسط مجموعة من<br />

األسامء اآلرامية أبعد بكثري من املنطقة التي يتحدث<br />

بها السكان باللغة العربية،‏ حيث يشري االسم األخري<br />

للعائالت العربية إما إىل اسم القبيلة التي ينتمي إليها<br />

الشخص،‏ أو املنطقة،‏ أو املدينة،‏ أو البلدة التي نشأ<br />

منها،‏ وذلك متثيالً‏ لنقاء الدم وإظهار الفخر الذي يكنه<br />

املرء لوطنه.‏<br />

وتُظهر األسامء ومامرسات التسمية يف الثقافات<br />

والحضارات القدمية يف بالد الرافدين تشابهًا قويًا<br />

يف االتجاهات األساسية واملعتقدات الدينية،‏ فعند<br />

البابليني واآلشوريني القدماء،‏ كانت األسامء هي<br />

تسميات ثيوفورية ‏)أي مرُكبّة وتحمل اسم إله<br />

مُدمجًا يف يشء اخر كمثل االسم نبوخذ نُرّصّ‏ يف<br />

الكتاب املقدس(،‏ ‏“نابو”‏ تعني إله الحكمة والكتابة<br />

و ‏“إله يحمي الرتكة”‏ وخذنُرّصّ‏ ‏“حامي الحدود”‏<br />

وهناك بعض االلقاب امللكية كالذي حملها امللك<br />

اشور بانيبال فيكون معنى االسم ‏)االله اشور خالق<br />

االبن(‏ او ‏)االله اشور خالق االبن الوريث(.‏ وهناك<br />

أيضً‏ ا أسامء غري ثيوفورية مثل اللقب اآلرامي للصياد<br />

سيمون/‏ كيبا،‏ وتعني ‏“الحجر او الصخرة”،‏ وقد<br />

اشتهر يف العهد الجديد باسم بيرتوس ‏)بطرس(‏ من<br />

الرتجمة اليونانية لالسم ‏)برتا ‏“صخرة،‏ حجر”(.‏<br />

ترتيب االسم<br />

يف معظم دول الرشق األوسط،‏ يتم استدعاء األشخاص<br />

بأسامئهم األوىل.‏ ويف الوثائق الرسمية،‏ يكون لديهم<br />

دامئًا أسامء مكونة من ثالثة أو أربعة أجزاء،‏ أي االسم<br />

األول واسم األب واسم الجد واللقب بالعربية.‏ ويف<br />

البلدان التي ال تزال تحافظ عىل الهياكل القبلية،‏ مثل<br />

اليمن واألردن ودول الخليج،‏ يتم استخدام األلقاب<br />

دامئًا.‏<br />

ويف أوائل السبعينيات أزال نظام البعث األلقاب يف<br />

العراق ، وكان ذلك جزءًا من حركة أصدرها الحزب البعثي<br />

االشرتايًك يف ذلك الوقت بهدف معاملة الناس عىل قدم<br />

املساواة،‏ أي ال ينبغي تفضيل أو امتياز أحد عىل أساس<br />

جذوره القبلية.‏ ولكن السبب الحقيقي كان لغرض التمويه<br />

عىل أسامء أبرز املسؤولني البعثيني يحملون أسامء مثل<br />

التكريتي والدوري والسامرايئ والشاوي.‏<br />

أل التعريف<br />

تستخدم اللفظة ‏)آل(‏ يف اللغة العربية للداللة عىل<br />

أسامء العلم،‏ ويف حالة االسم،‏ تستخدم للداللة<br />

عىل ساللة أو عائلة معروفة.‏ و)آل(‏ غالباً‏ ما تسبق<br />

أسامء األعالم العربية،‏ وخاصة أسامء األماكن،‏ عىل<br />

سبيل املثال ‏)الجزيرة،‏ العربية(،‏ أو األسامء التي<br />

تتعلق بأماكن العائلة املوصيل ‏)من املوصل(،‏ الحيل<br />

‏)من الحلة(،‏ العاين ‏)من عانه(‏ او الوظيفة ‏)الحداد،‏<br />

القصاب،‏ الكاتب(،‏ او القبيلة والعشرية ‏)التميمي،‏<br />

الربيعي،‏ الجبوري(.‏ وعادة ما تنتهي بحرف الياء ‏)ي(‏<br />

مثل ‏)الراوي،‏ القييس،‏ الشكرجي،‏ الباجةجي،‏ الجنايب(.‏<br />

االتصال باللغة األكادية<br />

األكادية،‏ لغة قدمية استخدمت يف الدبلوماسية<br />

والتجارة يف أواخر العرّص الربونزي،‏ وهي لغة كان<br />

من املمكن أن يعرفها أي عضو يف الحضارات القدمية<br />

والشعوب السامية.‏ واألكدية كانت مكتوبة بالخط<br />

املسامري الذي تم تطويره من الخط السنسكريتي<br />

السومري،‏ ويحتوي عىل حوايل 600 كلمة ومقطع<br />

لفظي.‏ وتفرعت منه فيام بعد السامية ‏)رشق وغرب(‏<br />

ثم إىل اآلرامية )22 أبجدية(‏ ثم البابلية،‏ الكلدانية<br />

،)22( اآلشورية ،)22( العربية ،)22( النبطية ،)22(<br />

املندائية )22(، والكنعانية )22( والعربية )28(.<br />

وكانت اللغة اآلرامية هي لغة الشعب اآلرامي،‏<br />

الذي استوطن حوايل عام 1000 قبل امليالد يف شامل<br />

الهالل الخصيب،‏ بني سوريا وبالد ما بني النهرين.‏<br />

وخالل الفرتة اآلشورية الجديدة )911-605 قبل<br />

امليالد(‏ وتحت التأثري السيايس،‏ أصبحت اآلرامية لغة<br />

الطبقات الرائدة وانترشت يف جميع أنحاء بالد الشام،‏<br />

مع وجود متغريات محلية يف اللفظ والكتابة.‏<br />

وتعترب لغتنا الكلدانية املحكية ‏)سورث(‏ من<br />

لغات بالد ما بني النهرين وتأيت أصولها من سومر وأكد<br />

وبابل ووطن الكلدان،‏ حيث بنى الكلدانيون حضارة<br />

إمرباطورية ولغة ذات تأثري عاملي،‏ أبجديتها أكرث<br />

حداثة من الحروف اآلرامية الكالسيكية.‏<br />

حرف الواو<br />

واجهت اآلرامية والسورثية تحوالت لغوية حدثت<br />

للسكان املسيحيني عندما كانوا مشتتني يف جميع أنحاء<br />

الرشق األوسط،‏ فالكلدان الذين عاشوا يف وقت مبكر بني<br />

العرب والفرس وجدوا أن اللغات املضيفة حلت محلها<br />

احياناً‏ الحروف الخاصة بهم.‏ وهذا أدى مع مرور الوقت<br />

إىل تعديل ونطق كثري من الحروف ومنها حرف الواو.‏<br />

فالواو هو حرف العلة الطويل،‏ وهو الحرف<br />

السابع والعرشون من األبجدية.‏ وهو أيضً‏ ا الحرف<br />

السادس يف الرتتيب األبجدي التقليدي ‏)أبجد هوز(‏<br />

الذي يستخدم بدالً‏ من األرقام للرتقيم.‏ وعندما يتم<br />

استخدام الواو لتمثيل حرف العلة الطويل،‏ يظهر<br />

ك)ضمة(‏ فوق الحروف.‏<br />

وحرف الواو من الحروف املهمة يف اللغات<br />

السامية،‏ ويوجد عادة يف نهاية الكلامت األكدية،‏ وهو<br />

مثري لالهتامم بشكل خاص،‏ حيث ميكن مالحظة تأثري<br />

اللغتني اآلرامية واألكادية عىل اللهجات وأسامء الناس<br />

يف بلدات سهل نينوى.‏ إذ كان األكاديون يختمون<br />

كالمهم واسامءهم ‏)بالضمة – واو صغرية(.‏ وهو نفس<br />

اليشء باللغة العربية والسورثية.‏ مثال ذلك)‏ إنكيدو،‏<br />

حمو ، حاتو،‏ نبشتو،‏ أور-نامو،‏ آنو،‏ نبو ) وغريها.‏ وإلن<br />

املرتجمني من األكادية إىل اإلنجليزية واللغات الالتينية<br />

األخرى ليس لديهم ‏)ضمه(‏ يف لغاتهم،‏ فهم يكتبونها<br />

‏)واو(‏ أو ‏)يو(‏ أو ‏)دبليو(.‏<br />

O/U/W<br />

األسامء القصرية<br />

األسامء القصرية املحببة والتي تشري اىل الدالل هي<br />

سائدة يف جميع الثقافات واألزمنة.‏ ولذلك نجد أن<br />

األسامء العربية الصلبة يتم استبدالها بأسامء أخرى،‏<br />

فمثالً‏ عبد الله يصبح ‏“عبودي”،‏ وزينب ‏“زيزي او<br />

زوزو”،‏ وسهام ‏“سوسو”،‏ ونبيل ‏“نونو”،‏ وليث ‏“لولو”‏<br />

وحكمت ‏“حكومي”،‏ وسمري ‏“سموري”‏ وهكذا.‏ وال<br />

تقترّص هذه الظاهرة عىل مجتمعاتنا العربية،‏ بل<br />

نجدها يف الغرب ومن يطلق عىل شخص اسمه روبرت<br />

‏“بوب”،‏ ويصبح جون ‏“جاك”‏ ، وريتشارد ‏“دك”،‏<br />

وباتريك ‏“بات”‏ .<br />

ولدينا منط مامثل مع األسامء الكلدانية/اآلرامية،‏<br />

ولكن مع ملسة أكادية،‏ إذ تسمية األشخاص بأسامء<br />

أخرى غري أسامئهم القانونية أمر شائع،‏ فعند الرجال<br />

عزيز يصبح ‏)عزو(،‏ إلياس ‏)آللو(،‏ يوسف ‏)أسو(،‏<br />

فؤاد ‏)فاؤو(،‏ صفاء ‏)صفو(،‏ وجورج/جرجيس ‏)ججو(.‏<br />

ويف حالة النساء/اإلناث،‏ هناء ‏)هنو(،‏ وعفاف ‏)عفو(،‏<br />

ووفاء ‏)وفو(،‏ ورند ‏)رنوودة او رندو(،‏ وتغريد ‏)تغو<br />

او توتو(،‏ وريجينا ‏)رجو(،‏ وحبوبا ‏)حبو(‏ ومارثا /<br />

مروشة ‏)مرو(،‏ إلخ.‏<br />

فالروابط الجغرافية والتاريخية والدينية واللغوية<br />

<strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 39


ARTS&ENTERTAINMENT<br />

Omar Jarbo<br />

Music man<br />

BY WEAM NAMOU<br />

At the young age of four, Omar<br />

Jarbo began playing the zurna,<br />

following in his father’s footsteps.<br />

It’s a woodwind instrument with a double<br />

reed, just like an oboe. Different versions<br />

of it are widely played in the Middle East,<br />

Central Asia, and the Balkans.<br />

When Jarbo was only eleven years old,<br />

he entertained audiences in Tel Keppe<br />

during events, even at weddings that went<br />

on for two to three days. “We would travel<br />

from store to store, home to home, playing<br />

music,” he explained with emotion. “Life<br />

there was absolutely beautiful.”<br />

The zurna and tubel (davul) are often<br />

played in unison, with the tubel acting as<br />

a prominent bass drum. The traditional<br />

ensemble of zurna and tubel is commonly<br />

seen in celebrations, festivals, and folk<br />

performances in these regions. The zurna<br />

player brings lively melodies and ornamentations,<br />

while the tubel player provides<br />

rhythmic accompaniment with the drum.<br />

Jarbo’s family made the decision to<br />

leave Iraq due to the political and religious<br />

environment, but he couldn’t accompany<br />

them initially. His enrollment<br />

in the army made any attempt to leave<br />

raise suspicion of fleeing to America. By a<br />

stroke of luck, he narrowly avoided being<br />

part of the Iraq-Iraq war due to his birth<br />

year, 1955. It took years, but he finally<br />

made it to America on December 24, 1981.<br />

“Since the day I set foot in America<br />

with three zurnas from Iraq,” he said, “I<br />

have never taken a break from playing the<br />

zurna, not even for a single day.”<br />

Jabro loved playing the zurna despite<br />

his mother’s disapproval. Concerned<br />

about his health, she believed that playing<br />

the zurna could be detrimental to his<br />

lungs, particularly when she observed him holding<br />

his breath for extended periods.<br />

“I can play for two hours,” he said. “It’s my passion.”<br />

It is a passion that Jarbo turned into a career. He<br />

has received invitations to perform at various celebrations<br />

worldwide. He wanted to learn how to read<br />

music in college, but he never had the chance. Hussam<br />

Al Rassam, the renowned Iraqi singer, expressed<br />

admiration for his talent and commented, “You could<br />

have achieved greater success if you had learned to<br />

read notes.”<br />

“I didn’t read notes or get lessons or anything<br />

Celebrating Chaldean Culture<br />

with a Free Community Event<br />

The Chaldean News has been awarded a grant to tell “Great Michigan Stories”<br />

through the Michigan Humanities Grants Initiative. As part of that grant, we<br />

are telling the story of the Chaldean community here in Michigan, through<br />

informative articles, personal interviews, and events highlighting culture.<br />

On Thursday, May 9, one such event will take place at the Chaldean Community<br />

Foundation in Sterling Heights. DJ Joe Sesi will spin traditional music<br />

and the event will also feature a Zeffa by Omar Jarbo, music by singer Danny<br />

Butrus and keyboardist Tony Barkho, traditional dance, food, storytelling<br />

and more. Register for this free event at chaldeannews.com/celebrate.<br />

like that,” said Jabro. “I just picked up the zurna and<br />

played. I’m self-taught.”<br />

He had simply picked up the instrument and<br />

played to his heart’s delight. Through practice, he<br />

became a master of the instrument.<br />

“In the U.S., singers depend more on written<br />

music, while in Iraq, musicians develop their skills<br />

through practice and an oral tradition,” he explained.<br />

The zurna has a long-standing connection with folk<br />

music, specifically during festive occasions like weddings,<br />

religious ceremonies, and community gatherings.<br />

Its loud and vibrant sound can easily be heard in<br />

outdoor settings, making it perfect for such occasions.<br />

Above and left: Omar playing the zurna.<br />

When they appear at the bride’s house,<br />

they play a crucial role in weddings, escorting<br />

her and her entourage. In previous<br />

times, in towns of northern Iraq, she would<br />

be ceremoniously paraded around, though<br />

this tradition is less common now. In the<br />

U.S., she heads towards the vehicle that<br />

will drive her to the church. In some cases,<br />

the groom wants to walk about to the beat<br />

of the zurna as well. Apart from that, they<br />

are primarily recognized for their grand entrances<br />

and the chobia dances.<br />

Even after getting married and having<br />

four boys, Jarbo kept playing the zurna.<br />

He’s saddened that he lost his wife seven<br />

years ago and finds it challenging to take<br />

care of their beautiful spacious home in<br />

Birmingham. But he keeps his spirits up<br />

through music, cooking elaborate Middle<br />

Eastern foods and spending time with<br />

family and friends. He is thrilled that his<br />

eldest son is a DJ. They have played together<br />

at parties and are now set to perform<br />

at a wedding in Cancun. Already, his<br />

baby grandson can play this instrument.<br />

“The ones made from apricot bark are<br />

considered the best zurnas,” Jarbo stated.<br />

Ancient Mesopotamia is believed to<br />

be the birthplace of zurnas, which eventually<br />

spread to surrounding areas. Depictions<br />

of the instrument can be found<br />

in Sumerian art, and it is also mentioned<br />

in ancient texts. Through the years, the<br />

zurna went through transformations and<br />

acquired various names in different cultures. In Turkey,<br />

for example, it is known as the zurna, while<br />

in Armenia it is called the duduk. In Azerbaijan, it<br />

is known as the balaban, and in the Balkans, it is<br />

called the zurla or zurlashka. Each location has its<br />

individual playing style and collection of songs.<br />

The zurna holds a significant place in Chaldean folk<br />

music, serving as an integral part of the musical traditions<br />

and cultural heritage. The zurna and tubel combination<br />

create a lively and vibrant musical tradition,<br />

and their collaboration adds a distinctive and energetic<br />

element to the folk music of Chaldean communities.<br />

40 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>


PHOTOS BY ALEX LUMELSKY<br />

“Since the day I set<br />

foot in America with<br />

three zurnas from<br />

Iraq, I have never<br />

taken a break from<br />

playing the zurna, not<br />

even for a single day.”<br />

– Omar Jarbo<br />

CHALDEAN<br />

STORY<br />

This report is made possible with generous support from<br />

Michigan Stories, a Michigan Humanities Grants initiative.<br />

<strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 41


ARTS&ENTERTAINMENT<br />

What Sister Cabrini Can Teach Us<br />

BY N. PETER ANTONE<br />

Until I watched the movie “Sister<br />

Cabrini,” I never thought a<br />

story could capture the issues<br />

of humanity and immigration so well<br />

as to rank among the best movies I<br />

have watched in my lifetime.<br />

The movie is the true story of a<br />

girl, Cabrini, living in the 19th century<br />

with poor health, envisioning missionary<br />

work to open orphanages, hospitals,<br />

and accommodations for the<br />

poor world-wide, long before anyone<br />

thought of social services.<br />

Cabrini was so frail in her youth<br />

that her first application to be a nun<br />

was denied as being too weak to withstand<br />

the pressure of a nun’s life.<br />

Eventually, after she convinced the<br />

order to accept her, she founded an orphanage<br />

in Italy that was so successful<br />

it attracted the attention of the Pope at<br />

the time. From there, she repeatedly<br />

applied for permission to start a missionary<br />

in China but was denied.<br />

Sr. Cabrini finally insisted on seeing<br />

Pope Leo XIII and convinced him,<br />

against the advice of his cardinals, to<br />

allow her to start missionary work outside<br />

Italy. However, he asked her to do<br />

so in the U.S., where new Italian immigrants<br />

were suffering. Upon her arrival<br />

to New York, she encountered an<br />

immigrant community consumed by<br />

disease, poverty, crime, and discrimination<br />

by the public.<br />

Despite incredible odds against<br />

her, Sr. Cabrini was able to open orphanages,<br />

hospitals, and accommodation<br />

centers for poor immigrants not<br />

only in New York, but throughout the<br />

entire United States. After her death,<br />

her mission was expanded worldwide<br />

until it reached China. She was canonized,<br />

making her the first American<br />

saint (the Patron Saint of Immigrants).<br />

At its core, Sr. Cabrini is a story of<br />

determination to do good against all<br />

odds and succeed beyond any imagination.<br />

But it is also a story of immigrants,<br />

not too different from our Chaldean immigration<br />

story. Ultimately, it is a story<br />

of the potential good in mankind as reflected<br />

in our American experience.<br />

The movie brings to life the suffering<br />

of new Italian immigrants in the<br />

last nineteenth century, not unlike the<br />

suffering of new Chaldeans who immigrated<br />

here in early twentieth century.<br />

Like the first Italian immigrants,<br />

the first Chaldean refugees lacked U.S.<br />

education, language, and connection<br />

to the networks of power. However,<br />

Chaldeans—through hard work, family<br />

love, persistence, and unwavering<br />

ambition—were able to establish small<br />

businesses. Now, their second-generation<br />

floods U.S. universities and occupies<br />

many professions in the business<br />

world with ever-expanding success.<br />

The Sister Cabrini story is also a testament<br />

to the many benefits of accepting<br />

immigrants, from humanitarian<br />

gestures to economic benefits, cultural<br />

enrichment and economic vitality, as<br />

evidenced by the huge contributions<br />

made to our American society by Italian<br />

immigrants who were shunned by<br />

locals when they first arrived.<br />

Her story is also one of compassion,<br />

inclusion and acceptance. It<br />

inspires immigrants and native-born<br />

Americans to work together towards<br />

creating a more inclusive and peaceful<br />

society of people from all backgrounds.<br />

America is a story of melting<br />

pot, where diverse cultures accept, integrate,<br />

and interconnect with people<br />

from different backgrounds.<br />

I often wonder how communities<br />

that arrive poor and hopeless to the<br />

U.S. can thrive within a generation,<br />

while many of those left in the old<br />

country are still embroiled in the same<br />

stagnant cycle of life their ancestors<br />

experienced many years ago. What is<br />

it in the U.S. that motivates people to<br />

create genius from the ashes of a history<br />

of impoverishment?<br />

The world ought to be inspired by<br />

the U.S. experience. Here, communities<br />

of different cultures, backgrounds,<br />

languages, and experiences live and<br />

prosper in peace. I believe that the<br />

American experiment can be a universal<br />

reflection of the goodness in the<br />

human soul enabling different people<br />

to co-exist in peace together.<br />

While Sister Cabrini’s story is that<br />

of a courageous nun helping others,<br />

her bigger story is an example to the<br />

world of how we can all enrich our<br />

small planet with love to each other<br />

regardless of who our neighbor is or<br />

where they came from.<br />

A TTORNEYS & C O UNSELORS AT LAW<br />

42 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>


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<strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 43


SPORTS<br />

PHOTOS BY BRANDON ABRO<br />

Worth the Wait<br />

Team Gold skates away<br />

with the Telga Cup<br />

BY STEVE STEIN<br />

Each Chaldean Hockey League season concludes<br />

with the crowning of the league champion<br />

and produces a treasure trove of interesting<br />

personal stories. One of the major story lines this<br />

season in the six-team league was written by Team<br />

Gold star and captain Andrew Roye.<br />

Playing in his first Telga Cup championship series,<br />

Roye led Team Gold to the title and was named<br />

the Most Valuable Player of the playoffs. He had five<br />

goals and four assists in six playoff games.<br />

Roye, 29, played in the CHL for two years when<br />

he was a teenager. He left the league while he played<br />

junior hockey for teams across the country and pursued<br />

his dream to play hockey at the Division I collegiate<br />

level.<br />

He received offers to walk on at Division I collegiate<br />

programs on the East Coast after he reached the<br />

age limit for junior hockey, but he decided against<br />

it because of concerns about playing time and went<br />

into the work world. The Orchard Lake resident is<br />

now a commercial real estate broker.<br />

Roye returned to the CHL in the 2019-20 season as<br />

the Team Gold captain. He led the team to the Telga<br />

Cup championship series against Team Black, but before<br />

the series started, the COVID-19 pandemic shut<br />

down the league and ended the season.<br />

Four years later, still as the Team Gold captain,<br />

Roye finally was back in the Telga Cup championship<br />

series, and he took full advantage of the opportunity.<br />

Roye was on the Birmingham Brother Rice High<br />

School hockey team that won the Division 2 state championship<br />

in 2012. He played top-level junior hockey.<br />

How do those accomplishments rank with winning the<br />

Telga Cup? “It’s right up there,” he said. “This isn’t just<br />

another beer league. It’s very competitive and everyone<br />

gives 110% on the ice, but we hang out together afterwards.<br />

We’re all close. You play with and against family<br />

members, friends, guys you go to church with ...”<br />

Team Gold finished in first place and Team Green<br />

finished in second place this year in the CHL’s regular-season<br />

standings. Each team earned a coveted<br />

first-round bye in the playoffs. The other four league<br />

teams needed to play a tense first-round win-or-else<br />

playoff game. No. 3 seed Team Red beat No. 6 seed<br />

Team White 4-1 and No. 5 seed Team Blue beat No. 4<br />

seed Team Black 5-4 in overtime. It was Team Gold vs.<br />

Team Blue in a best-of-three semifinal series.<br />

Kyle Kassa’s goal in the first minute of overtime<br />

gave Team Gold a 5-4 win in Game 1. Team Blue won<br />

the second game 7-4. Team Gold’s 5-1 win in Game 3<br />

sent it into the Telga Cup championship series.<br />

Team Green and Team Red met in the other bestof-three<br />

semifinal series in a rematch of last year’s<br />

Telga Cup championship series, won by Team Red.<br />

Team Red won the opener of this year’s series 5-4,<br />

scoring four unanswered goals in the third period to<br />

Clockwise from top left: Team Gold gathers after<br />

winning the Chaldean Hockey League playoff<br />

championship; Andrew Najor (left), who scored the<br />

winning goal for Team Gold in the Chaldean Hockey<br />

League playoff championship game, and Team Gold<br />

captain Andrew Roye hold the Telga Cup; Team<br />

Gold goalie Alec Roye celebrates with the Telga<br />

Cup; Team Gold assistant captain Kyle Kassa (left)<br />

and captain Andrew Roye hoist the Telga Cup<br />

tie the game before Daniel Kassab’s game-winner in<br />

overtime. Team Green, the 2022 Telga Cup champion,<br />

won 3-0 in Game 2. Team Red bounced back with a<br />

4-2 win in Game 3.<br />

It was Team Gold vs. Team Red for the Telga Cup.<br />

It was Team Red’s second straight appearance in the<br />

best-of-three league championship series. Team Gold<br />

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won 5-3 in Game 1. Team Red benefitted from the return<br />

of star defenseman Joseph Shina in Game 2 and<br />

won 5-1. That set up what every sports fan wants to<br />

see, a game to decide a league championship. Game 3<br />

for the CHL championship did not disappoint.<br />

Roye put Team Gold in front with a goal early in<br />

the first period, but Josh Garmo, the 2023 playoffs<br />

Most Valuable Player, scored on a breakaway for<br />

Team Red in the final seconds of the second period.<br />

Andrew Najor scored the winning goal in the third<br />

period, giving Team Gold a 2-1 win and the Telga Cup.<br />

Team Gold’s roster included forwards Roye, Najor,<br />

Tommy Bagnasso, Brian Kassa, PJ Jonna, Ben Yono,<br />

Hunter Atchoo and Liam Hansen, defensemen Kyle<br />

Kassa, Nick Seman, Kyle Azzo and Donny MacIntyre<br />

and goalie Alec Roye. For Kyle Kassa and Atchoo, it<br />

was their third Telga Cup championship in four years.<br />

Team Red’s roster included forwards Jacob Garmo,<br />

Jonathan Kello, Shina, Anthony Hakim, Josh<br />

Garmo, Daniel Kassab and Michael Yaldoo, defensemen<br />

Joey Sheena, Dom Kassab, Brandon Kassab, Jon<br />

Kouza and Kenny Kouza and goalie Isaac Garmo.<br />

Here are the top five scorers in the playoffs: Kyle Kassa<br />

(Team Gold) 1 goal and 10 assists for 11 points; Josh<br />

Garmo (Team Red) 6 goals and 4 assists for 10 points;<br />

Roye (Team Gold) 5 goals and 4 assists for 9 points; Najor<br />

(Team Gold) 6 goals and 3 assists for 9 points; and<br />

Kello (Team Red) 6 goals and 3 assists for 9 points.<br />

The playoffs took place mostly at the Detroit Skating<br />

Club in Bloomfield Hills on Sunday nights.<br />

The league’s 10th annual charity fundraiser night<br />

was held during the February 24 playoffs at Orchard<br />

Lake St. Mary’s Ice Arena. The night included an<br />

open skating session for family, friends and fans.<br />

League commissioner Kyle Kassa said about 250 to<br />

300 people attended the event, which raised $14,956<br />

for the Help Iraq Foundation. “A ton of businesses<br />

donated food, money, and items to raffle,” he said.<br />

Regular-season league games were played on<br />

Sunday mornings at the Novi Ice Arena.<br />

Here are the final regular-season standings (winslosses-overtime<br />

losses): 1. Team Gold 11-3-2 for 24<br />

points; 2. Team Green 11-4-1 for 23 points; 3. Team Red<br />

10-5-1 for 21 points; 4. Team Black 8-7-1 for 17 points;<br />

5. Team Blue 4-10-2 for 10 points; and Team White<br />

4-11-1 for 9 points.<br />

The regular-season statistical leaders were Roye<br />

(Team Gold) 41 points and 28 goals; Jack Abbo (Team<br />

Black) 18 assists; Drake Danou (Team Green) 2.77<br />

goal-against average and 11 goalie wins; and Isaac<br />

Garmo (Team Red) 3 shutouts.<br />

<strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 45


HEALTH & WELLNESS<br />

Heart Smart<br />

Navigating preventive medicine for a stronger, healthier heart<br />

BY DR. RENA DAIZA & DR. PAUL NONA<br />

Heart disease has consistently<br />

been the leading cause of death<br />

in the United States for several<br />

decades. As a primary care physician<br />

deeply invested in patient well-being,<br />

I’ve seen the toll it takes on patients.<br />

But here is the good news: preventive<br />

measures can truly make a difference.<br />

In this article, I’ll be chatting with cardiologist<br />

Dr. Paul Nona to discuss why<br />

preventing heart disease matters and<br />

share some easy strategies for keeping<br />

our hearts healthy. Join us as we explain<br />

how looking after our hearts can<br />

lead to a happier and longer life.<br />

Dr. Daiza: What is preventive cardiology,<br />

and why is it crucial for heart health?<br />

Dr. Nona: Preventive cardiology focuses<br />

on spotting and tackling heart disease<br />

risks before they become serious issues.<br />

By making lifestyle changes and<br />

catching problems early, we aim to keep<br />

hearts healthier for longer and provide<br />

patients with a better quality of life.<br />

Dr. Daiza: How do lifestyle factors such<br />

as diet and exercise impact heart health?<br />

Dr. Nona: Diet and exercise are key<br />

for heart health. A balanced diet low<br />

in saturated fats, cholesterol, and sodium,<br />

and high in fruits, vegetables,<br />

whole grains, and lean proteins and<br />

regular aerobic exercise can help<br />

maintain healthy cholesterol levels,<br />

blood pressure, and weight, all of<br />

which are crucial for a healthy heart.<br />

Dr. Daiza: What are the primary risk<br />

factors for heart disease, and how can<br />

individuals manage them?<br />

Dr. Nona: To keep your heart in good<br />

shape, it’s important to manage risk<br />

factors like high blood pressure, high<br />

cholesterol, diabetes, smoking, obesity,<br />

and an unhealthy diet. Lifestyle<br />

changes, like eating well and staying<br />

active, can make a big difference.<br />

As a cardiologist, I work closely<br />

with my patients to develop personalized<br />

treatment plans that not only<br />

target their cardiovascular health but<br />

also support their overall well-being.<br />

Dr. Daiza: What role do screenings<br />

and tests play in assessing heart<br />

health, and when should individuals<br />

consider them?<br />

Dr. Nona: Screenings and tests are vital<br />

components in assessing heart health.<br />

These assessments encompass a range<br />

of procedures, including blood pressure<br />

measurement, cholesterol level checks,<br />

electrocardiograms (ECG), stress tests,<br />

and various imaging studies such as<br />

echocardiograms or CT scans.<br />

One particularly important screening<br />

method is coronary calcium scoring,<br />

which evaluates the amount of calcium<br />

buildup in the coronary arteries. This<br />

test helps identify individuals at higher<br />

risk of coronary artery disease and can<br />

guide preventive measures and treatment<br />

strategies. Individuals should<br />

consider undergoing these screenings<br />

and tests as part of their routine health<br />

check-ups, particularly if they have risk<br />

factors for heart disease.<br />

Dr. Daiza: What are some key warning<br />

signs of heart problems, and when<br />

should someone seek medical attention?<br />

Dr. Nona: Warning signs of heart issues<br />

include chest pain on exertion,<br />

shortness of breath, and fatigue. Swelling<br />

in the legs and difficulty lying flat<br />

can suggest a weak heart. If you experience<br />

these symptoms, it’s important<br />

to seek medical help immediately.<br />

Dr. Daiza: How does stress affect heart<br />

health, and what are some effective<br />

stress management techniques?<br />

Dr. Nona: Chronic stress can elevate<br />

blood pressure, putting additional<br />

strain on the heart. Prolonged stress<br />

triggers the release of stress hormones<br />

which can lead to arterial stiffness,<br />

worsening blood pressure.<br />

Additionally, chronic stress promotes<br />

inflammation throughout the<br />

body, including within the walls of<br />

blood vessels. Persistent inflammation<br />

contributes to the development of<br />

the buildup of plaque in the arteries,<br />

which can ultimately lead to heart attacks<br />

and strokes.<br />

Dr. Daiza: Are there any medications<br />

or supplements that can help prevent<br />

heart disease?<br />

Dr. Nona: Several medications can<br />

help prevent heart disease, including<br />

statins to lower cholesterol, antihypertensive<br />

drugs to control blood<br />

pressure, anti-platelet medications to<br />

prevent blood clots, and medications<br />

to manage diabetes. Some supplements,<br />

such as omega-3 fatty acids<br />

and certain vitamins like vitamin D,<br />

may also have cardiovascular benefits,<br />

but individuals should consult with<br />

their healthcare provider before starting<br />

any supplement regimen.<br />

One particularly<br />

important screening<br />

method is coronary<br />

calcium scoring,<br />

which evaluates the<br />

amount of calcium<br />

buildup in the<br />

coronary arteries.<br />

Dr. Daiza: What advice do you have for<br />

individuals looking to proactively protect<br />

their heart health, especially those<br />

with a family history of heart disease?<br />

Dr. Nona: The key to good cardiac<br />

health is mainly in establishing regular<br />

care with a primary care provider<br />

or cardiologist you trust. By having<br />

regular check-ups and open communication<br />

with your doctor, you can take<br />

steps to protect your heart.<br />

Many of my patients express concerns<br />

about their own heart health<br />

based on their relatives’ experiences.<br />

In such cases, we conduct comprehensive<br />

tests to assess their risk factors.<br />

The goal is to provide a thorough assessment<br />

and personalized care to help<br />

patients manage their overall health.<br />

Dr. Daiza: What are some other ways<br />

to prevent heart disease?<br />

Dr. Nona: If you’re at risk for heart disease,<br />

prioritizing immediate lifestyle<br />

changes is essential. These changes<br />

should focus on adopting a healthier<br />

diet and increasing physical activity<br />

each week. Reduce intake of red meat,<br />

carbohydrates, and processed foods,<br />

opting instead for lean protein sources<br />

like chicken and fish, along with plenty<br />

of fresh fruits and vegetables. Additionally,<br />

quitting tobacco products is<br />

crucial, especially if you currently use<br />

them. Whether it’s cigarettes, vapes, or<br />

any other form, these products significantly<br />

increase the risk of heart disease.<br />

Shockingly, 25 percent of cardiovascular<br />

disease-related deaths are directly<br />

linked to smoking. Tobacco use poses<br />

a substantial threat not only to overall<br />

health but particularly to heart health.<br />

Dr. Daiza: Is there anything else you’d<br />

like patients to know?<br />

Dr. Nona: As I always say, it’s easier<br />

to be proactive than reactive, because<br />

there are times when you can’t even react<br />

until something bad happens. Having<br />

a reliable physician is crucial not<br />

only for longevity but also for maintaining<br />

optimal health.<br />

Understanding and addressing<br />

heart disease and its risk factors early<br />

is essential for our well-being. By<br />

prioritizing preventive measures and<br />

making healthy choices now, we empower<br />

ourselves to protect our hearts<br />

and enjoy longer, healthier lives.<br />

Dr. Paul Nona is a board-certified cardiologist<br />

who manages a diverse range<br />

of cardiac and vascular conditions.<br />

With an emphasis on preventive care,<br />

he is dedicated to treating existing cardiac<br />

issues while proactively addressing<br />

and mitigating potential health<br />

risks. Dr. Nona sees patients in both<br />

Livonia and Brighton and is affiliated<br />

with Trinity Health, a mission-driven<br />

innovative health organization committed<br />

to serving communities guided by<br />

the spirit of the Gospel.<br />

46 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>


<strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 47


IN MEMORIAM<br />

OBITUARY<br />

Najma Hirmiz Balyous<br />

Jul 1, 1940 –<br />

Mar 22, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Victoria Aziz<br />

Kada Dabool<br />

Jul 1, 1929 –<br />

Mar 22, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Bernadette Dabish<br />

Cholagh<br />

Jul 5, 1949 –<br />

Mar 24, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Bahnam Toma<br />

Hirmiz<br />

Jul 1, 1947 –<br />

Mar 24, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Julia Zia Abbo Najor<br />

Sep 5, 1941 –<br />

Mar 26, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Sabah Shaou Pattah<br />

Mary<br />

Mansour Oram<br />

May 4, 1929 –<br />

Mar 26, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Arkan Mekha Karana<br />

Oct 16, 1973 –<br />

Apr 3, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Nazhat Challangoe<br />

Mar 1, 1932 –<br />

Mar 28, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Kalila Alisho<br />

Jul 1, 1943 –<br />

Apr 4, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Koria (Gillu)<br />

Khammo Mattia<br />

Jul 1, 1929 –<br />

Mar 28, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Wadia Azzo Konja<br />

Sep 5, 1943 –<br />

Apr 4, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Mary Jo Al-Maleh<br />

Jul 12, 1949 –<br />

Apr 1, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Jessica T. Hanna<br />

Mar 8, 1983 –<br />

Apr 6, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Auny Aziz<br />

Iskander Kejbo<br />

Jul 1, 1937 –<br />

Apr 1, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Sabriya Jamil<br />

Jul 1, 1933 –<br />

Apr 6, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Sabah Shaou Pattah was born in 1938<br />

and passed on March 30, <strong>2024</strong>. Sabah<br />

was the loving son of the late Shaou<br />

and Hannia Pattah, and the beloved<br />

husband of Haifa Pattah. He was the<br />

cherished brother of the late Tawitha<br />

(the late Mikhail) Hami, Sam (Bushra)<br />

Pattah, Sabiha Pattah, Mark (Shatha)<br />

Pattah, and Jerry (Niran) Pattah. Sabah<br />

was a devoted father to Sudad (Salam)<br />

Hami, Kais (Linda) Pattah, Layla<br />

(Amil) Yono, the late Zuhair Pattah,<br />

Lana Pattah, and Anthony Pattah and<br />

the humble grandfather of Michael,<br />

Michelle, Ashley, Felicity, Antonio,<br />

Marcus, Faith, Alexa, Angel, Miranda,<br />

Adriana, and Ashton.<br />

Mari Jabro Khamis<br />

Jul 1, 1936 –<br />

Apr 7, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Nafa Saleem Barash<br />

Nov 30, 1963 –<br />

Apr 8, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Sanaa Butrus<br />

Shamoon Deesha<br />

Feb 23, 1963 –<br />

Apr 8, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Wardi Khames Towma<br />

Jul 1, 1938 –<br />

Apr 9, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Mikheel<br />

Shamoun Dado<br />

Jul 1, 1943 –<br />

Apr 10, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Salem Rouel<br />

Khemmoro<br />

Sep 25, 1948 –<br />

Apr 10, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Josephine<br />

Marie Sliwa<br />

May 13, 1986 –<br />

Apr 10, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Yalda Yonan<br />

Daneel<br />

Jul 1, 1945 –<br />

Apr 11, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Ghassan “Gary”<br />

Zaia Shango<br />

Sep14, 1957 –<br />

Apr 11, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Habiba<br />

Khader Azir<br />

Jul 1, 1946 –<br />

Apr 13, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Mushreq<br />

Naseer Salim<br />

Dec 17, 1996 –<br />

Apr 15, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Khairiya<br />

Shaou Sitto<br />

Apr 1, 1941 –<br />

Apr 15, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Badie Toma<br />

Shaouni<br />

Mar 16, 1940 –<br />

Apr 16, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Faik Hanna Marogy<br />

Boady<br />

Jul 1, 1939 –<br />

Apr 18, <strong>2024</strong><br />

48 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>


Right to Life - LIFESPAN<br />

Celebration of Life Dinner &<br />

Silent Auction <strong>2024</strong><br />

Tuesday, May 7, <strong>2024</strong><br />

San Marino Club in Troy<br />

Auction Opens at 5:30 pm<br />

Dinner Begins after 7:00 pm<br />

GUEST SPEAKER:<br />

FRANK PAVONE<br />

National Director, Priests for Life &<br />

Pastoral Director, Rachel’s Vineyard &<br />

Silent No More<br />

There is no charge for this event, but please remember that this fundraising dinner marks<br />

a milestone of our efforts to protect all human life. Please join us in this effort.<br />

Visit miLIFESPAN.org/Events<br />

for more information and<br />

Call 248-816-1546 to register.<br />

Photos/Video may be taken at this event and may be<br />

used on the web, in publications and/or other media.<br />

If you would prefer that your image not be included,<br />

please contact the Main Office at 734-524-0162.<br />

<strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 49


FROM THE ARCHIVE<br />

PHOTO COURTESY OF NADINE RABBAN<br />

Honoring Mom<br />

We believe that mothers should be honored every day. In these archival<br />

photos provided by the Chaldean Cultural Center, we celebrate the<br />

countless moments of tenderness, sacrifice, and resilience that define<br />

the journey of motherhood. In every look etched upon their faces<br />

and every wrinkle that tells a story, we find an unwavering source of<br />

strength and inspiration. This May, let us pause to honor the extraordinary<br />

women who shape our lives with their unconditional love and<br />

unwavering devotion – our beloved mothers.<br />

Clockwise from top left: Women and children from an unidentified<br />

Iraqi village; The Matti family, location unknown;<br />

Shamamta Dickow with her daughter, Christine, in Detroit,<br />

1950; Hanah and grandchildren making bread.<br />

The Chaldean Cultural Center and Museum owns a collection of<br />

captivating images from our vibrant community that we are delighted to<br />

share with the Chaldean News. If you have photographs that you would<br />

like us to incorporate into our archive, kindly reach out to us at<br />

info@chaldeanculturalcenter.org or call 248-681-5050.<br />

50 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>MAY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>

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