Amendment of the COM Proposal on the list of ... - Kura River Basin

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Amendment of the COM Proposal on the list of ... - Kura River Basin

Common Implementation Strategy for ong>theong>

Water Framework Directive(2000/60/EC)

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Guidance Document No 3

ANALYSIS OF PRESSURES AND IMPACTS

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Translation from English

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EU Project Trans-Boundary River Management Phase II

for ong>theong> Kura River basin - Armenia Georgia Azerbaijan

trans-sasazRvro mdinaris – mtkvris auzis menejmentis II faza

– somxeTi, saqarTvelo, azerbaijani

(TACIS/2007/134-398)


1

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

PREFACE

Georgia is looking for an enhanced cooperation with ong>theong> European Union. The priority areas for cooperation have been

agreed by ong>theong> Georgian Government and ong>theong> European Commission in ong>theong> country Strategy Paper for 2007-2013 under

ong>theong> European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument. The mutually agreed EU/Georgia Action Plan shows Georgia’s

commitment to implement jointly agreed priorities in compliance with international and European norms and principles.

The plan identified priority actions for key environmental sectors including water management. In ong>theong> European Union

ong>theong> most important piece ong>ofong> legislation covering protection ong>ofong> water environment is ong>theong> Water Framework Directive,

which defines ong>theong> key principles as well as ong>theong> key objectives and ong>theong> implementation plan for ong>theong> management ong>ofong> water

resources in ong>theong> European Union.

A common strategy for supporting ong>theong> implementation ong>ofong> ong>theong> Directive has been developed by ong>theong> European Union. One

ong>ofong> ong>theong> objectives ong>ofong> ong>theong> strategy is development ong>ofong> non-legally binding technical Guidance Documents on key

implementation issues. This Guidance Document is intended to water management prong>ofong>essionals dealing with ong>theong> analysis

ong>ofong> pressures and impacts within ong>theong> characterization ong>ofong> water bodies according to Article 5 ong>ofong> ong>theong> Directive in ong>theong> broader

context ong>ofong> ong>theong> development ong>ofong> integrated river basin management plans.

We hope that publication ong>ofong> this Guidance Document in ong>theong> Georgian language will help decision makers to better

understand ong>theong> European approach to water management and will facilitate integration ong>ofong> ong>theong> European methodologies

into water management legislation and practices in Georgia.

The publication is prepared under ong>theong> European Union funded regional project Trans-boundary River Management Phase

II for ong>theong> Kura River basin (TACIS/2007/134-398). The Project Partner is ong>theong> Ministry ong>ofong> Environmental Protection and

Natural Resources, ong>theong> leading government body in setting environment and water management policies in Georgia

April 2009

Tbilisi

winasityvaoba

saqarTvelo iswrafvis evrokavSirTan TanamSromlobis garRmavebisken. am TanamSromlobis

priorotetuli sferoebi SeTanxmebul iqna saqarTvelos xelisuflebas da evrokomisias

Soris, rac aisaxa qveynis 2007-2013 wlebis strategiaSi, romelic SemuSavda evropuli

samezoblo da partniorobis dokumentis farglebSi. urTierTSeTanxmebis safuZvelze

SemuSavebuli evrokavSir/saqarTvelos samoqmedo gegma asaxavs saqarTvelos valdebulebas

ganaxorcielos erToblivad SeTanxmebuli prioritetebi saerTaSoriso da evropul

standartebTan SesabamisobaSi. gegmaSi ganisazRvra prioritetuli RonisZiebebi, rac unda

ganxorcieldes sakvanZo garemosdacviT sferoebSi, wylis marTvis CaTvliT. evrokavSiris

yvelaze mniSvnelovani sakanonmdeblo dokumenti wylis garemos mimarTebiT aris wylis

CarCo direqtiva, romelic ZiriTad principebTan erTad gansazRvravs ZiriTad amocanebs da

aRsrulebis gegmasac wylis resursebis marTvis sferoSi evrokavSiris masStabiT.

evrokavSiris mier SemuSavda direqtivis aRsasruleblad mowodebuli erToblivi strategia.

am strategiis erT-erTi amocana miznad isaxavs samarTleblivad arasavaldebulo teqnikuri

saxelmZRvanelo dokumentaciis Seqmnas ZiriTad gansaxorcielebel sakiTxebze. es

saxelmZRvanelo dokumenti gamiznulia wylis marTvis specialistebisaTvis, romlebic

muSaoben wnevaTa da zemoqmedebaTa analizze wyalsatevebis daxasiaTebis farglebSi

direqtivis 5 muxlis Sesabamisad mdinaris auzis erToblivi marTvis SemuSavebis farTo

konteqstSi.

vimedovnebT, rom am saxelmZvanelo dokumentis publikacia qarTul enaze daexmareba

gadawyvetilebebis mimReb saxelmwifo moxeleebs ukeT gaerkvnen evropul midgomaSi wylis

marTvisadmi da amvdroulad xels Seuwyobs evropuli meTodologiebis integrirebas

saqarTvelos wylis marTvis kanonmdeblobasa da praqtikaSi.

publikacia momzadda evrokavSiris mier dafinansebuli regionuli proeqtis, “mtkvris auzis

sazRvarTSorisi mdinaris marTvis II faza” (TACIS/2007/134-398) farglebSi. proeqtis

partnioria garemos dacvisa da bunebrivi resursebis saministro, romelic wamyvan uwyebas

warmoadgens garemosdacviTi da wylis marTvis politikis gansazRvraSi saqarTveloSi.

aprili, 2009 w.

Tbilisi

The project is funded by ong>theong> European Union

and implemented by Eptisa & 1Grontmij-CarlBro consortium


2

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

wylis CarCo direqtivis ganxorcielebis zogadi strategia

(2000/60/EC)

CarCo dokumenti #3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

SemuSavebulia samuSao jgufis 2.1-IMPRESS mier

pasuxismgeblobis uaryong>ofong>a:

es teqnikuri dokumenti SemuSavebulia TanamSromlobis programiT, romelic moicavs

evropis komisias, yvela wevr qveyanas, axlad Sematebul qveynebs, norvegias da sxva

monawile qveynebs da arasamTavrobo organizaciebs. amasTan, dokumenti unda ganxilul

iqnas, rogorc erTiani SeTanxmebuli pozicia saukeTeso praqtikaze, romelsac iwonebs

yvela monawile. ase rom, dokumentSi gamoTqmuli Sexedulebani ar warmoadgens

aucileblad evrikomisiis Tvalsazriss.

evropis direqtoria aris momsaxureoba, romelic gexmarebaT ipovoT pasuxebi Tqvens

kiTxvebze evrogaerTianebis Sesaxeb.

axali ufaso telefonis nomeria:

00 800 67891011

evropis gaerTianebis Sesaxeb damatebiTi informaciis didi nawili

xelmisawvdomia internetiT. is SesaZloa movipovoT evropa serveris meSveobiT

(http:⁄⁄europa.eu.int).

luqsemburgi: evropis sazogadoebaTa ong>ofong>icialuri publikaciebis samsaxuri, 2003

ISEBN 92-894-5123-8

ISSN 1725-1087

evropis sazogadoebebi, 2003

reproduqcia nebadarTulia, mowodebuli wyaro aRiarebulia

2


3

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

winasityvaoba

evrogaerTianebis wevrma qveynebma, norvegiam da evropis komisiam, erToblivad SeimuSaves

saerTo strategia direqtivis 2000/60/EC

mxardasaWerad, romelic awesebs wylis politikis sferoSi sazogadoebrivi moqmedebis

CarCoebs. (wylis CarCo direqtiva). am strategiis ZiriTadi amocanaa moxdes am direqtivis

Tanmimdevruli da harmoniuli ganxorcieleba. aqcenti keTdeba meTodologiur sakiTxebze,

romelic dakavSirebulia wylis CarCo direqtivis teqnikuri da samecniero aspeqtebis

saerTo gaazrebasTan.

am strategiis erT-erTi moklevadiani amocanaa kanonis Zalis ara mqone,

saxelmZRvanelo-praqtikuli dokumentaciis Seqmna direqtivis teqnikur sakiTxebze. es

instruqcia gamiznulia eqspertebisaTvis, romelnic pirdapir an arapirdapir axorcieleben

wylis CarCo direqtivas mdinareTa auzebSi. struqtura, wardgena da terminologia

adaptirebulia am eqspertebis saWiroebebze da formaluri, ong>ofong>icialuri ena mocilebulia,

sadac es SesaZlebelia.

zemoTnaxsenebi strategiis konteqstiT, araformaluri samuSao jgufi mimarTulia

daadginos zewola da Seafasos zegavlena wylis obieqtebis daxasiaTebisas direqtivis me-5

muxlis mixedviT, romelic Sedgenilia 2001 wlis oqtomberSi da wodebulia IMPRESS –ad.

germanias da gaerTianebul samefos gaaCniaT saerTo pasuxismgebloba proeqtis menejmentze

da samuSao jgufis samdivnoze, romelic Sedgeba samTavrobo da arasamTavrobo

organizaciebis teqnikuri eqspertebisgan.

arsebuli instruqcia aris am samuSao jgufis mier Sedgenili. is Seicavs IMPRESS –

jgufis saqmianobisa da diskusiebis Sejamebis sinTezs, romelic SemuSavda IMPRESS –

jgufis ong>ofong>icialuri daarsebis Semdgom 2001 wlis oqtombers. is dafuZnebulia eqspertebis

farTo jgufis mier Setanil wvlilze, ukureagirebaze da mowileebze, romelnic CarTulni

arian orientaciis SemuSavebis procesSi mitingebis, samuSao Sexvedrebis, eleqtronuli

komunikaciis saSualebebis meSveobiT, ise rom ar arian nebismieri SemTxvevaSi misi

SinaarsiT Semong>ofong>arglulni.

Cven, evrogaerTianebis wylis direqtoratma, norvegiam, Sveicariam, da qveynebma

romelnic apelireben evrogaerTianebaSi Sesasvlelad, ganvixileT da davamtkiceT es

instruqcia kopendagenSi, daniis xelmZRvanelobiT mimdinare araformaluri Sexvedris dros

(2002 wlis 21/22 noemberi). Cven gvinda rom madloba gadavuxadoT samuSao jgufis

monawileebs, kerZod liderebs, isobel austins da volker mohaupts aseTi maRali xarisxis

mqone dokumentis SemuSavebisaTvis.

Cven Rrmad varT darwmunebulni, rom es da sxva instruqciebi SemuSavebulni saerTo

strategiis realizaciisaTvis gadamwyvet rols Seasruleben wylis CarCo direqtivis

ganxorcilebis procesSi.

es instruqcia warmoadgens cocxal dokuments, romelic saWiroebs gangrZobil

Zalisxmevas da gaumjobesebas, rogorc gviCvenebs misi gamoyeneba da gamocdileba, romelic

miiReba evrogaerTianebis yvela qveyanaSi da mis gareT. amasTan, Cven veTanxmebiT, rom es

dokumenti misi amJamindeli formiT xelmisawvdomi iyos sazogadod, raTa ufro farTo

sazogadoebriobas warvudginoT, rogorc etapobrivad mimdinare samuSaos realizaciis

safuZveli.

ufro metic, Cven mivesalmebiT, rom zogma moxalisem Tavis Tavze aiRo am da sxva

dokumentebis Semowmeba da Sefaseba egreT wodebul pilotur mdinareTa auzebSi evropis

gaswvriv 2003 da 2004 wlebSi, raTa darwmunebuliyvnen rom instruqcia gamoyenebadia

praqtikaSi.

Cven aseve movaled CvTvaleT Tavi, Segvefasebina da gadagvewyvita am dokumentis gadaxedvis

aucilebloba piloturi savarjiSo Semowmebebis Semdgom da pirveli gamocdilebis miRebis

Sedegad, proeqtis ganxorcielebis sawyis etapebze.

3


4

winasityvaoba

mimoxilva/ mokle Sejameba

Sinaarsis CamonaTvali

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

1. direqtivis ganxorcieleba: scenaris Sedgena

dekemberi 2000: ZiriTadi dabrkoleba wylis politikisaTvis

wylis CarCo direqtiva: axali gamowvevebi evrogaerTianebis wylis politikaSi

ra unda gakeTdes, rom xeli SevuwyoT ganxorcielebas?

2. wlis CarCo direqtivis zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi –erTiani gageba.

2.1 WFD moTxovnaTa gamoZaxili

2.1.1. moTxovnilebani zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizTan

dakavSirebiT.

2.1.2. kavSirebi sxva Sesatyvis moTxovnebTan da Sesabamisi drois

farglebi

2.2 ZiriTadi terminebi

2.3. Sesatyvisi ganxilva

2.3.1. wylis infrastruturis gansazRvrebebi

2.3.2. CarCoebis dawesebis sakiTxebi

2.3.3. dawyebis sxvadasxva wertilebi

2.3.4. wlis obieqtebis dajgufeba

2.3.5 gaurkvevlobebis gaTvaliswineba

2.3.6 amocanebis gaazreba

2.3.7 gruntis wylebi

2.4 procesis mokle Sinaarsi da saWiro moqmedebebi

2.3. ZiriTadi midgoma zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa procesis analiziTan

3.1. Sesavali

3.1.1 vin unda iyos CarTuli zewolis da zegavlenaTa procesis analizSi.

3.2. xelSemwyobi Zalebis da winaaRmdegobebis identificireba

3.3. mniSvnelovani zewolis dadgena

3.4 zegavlenaTa Sefaseba

3.5 mdinareTa auzebis doneze Sesabamisi dambinZureblebis SerCeva

3.5.1 Sesavali

3.5.2. zogadi midgoma

3.6 amocanebis Seusruleblobis riskis Sefaseba

3.7 midgoma konceptualuri modeliT

3.8 analogiuri wylis obietebis gamoyeneba

3.9 specifikuri ganxilvebi gruntis wylebis obieqtebis daxasiaTebisaTvis

3.10 rekomendaciebi zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizis mosaxseneblad

3.11. zedapiruli wylebis ganxilva

3.12 gruntis wylebis ganxilva

4. saSualebani (iaraRebi) winaaRmdeobis da zegavlenis analizis dasaxmareblad

4.1 Sesavali da mimoxilva

4.2 winaaRmdegobaTa CamonaTvali

4.3 midgomaTa skriningi ZiriTadi midgomis farglebSi

4.4 ricxobrivi modelebis gamoyenebis sabaziso ganxilva

4.5 saSualebaTa (iaraRebis) identifikacia: saWiroebis Sedareba arsebulTan da

magaliTebTan

4.5.1 saSualebebi mdinareebisaTvis

4.5.2 saSualebebi tbebisaTvis da sagubrebisaTvis

4


5

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

4.5.3 saSualebebi gruntis wylebisaTvis

4.5.4 saSualebebi gamavali wylebisaTvis

4.5 Sejameba, daskvnebi

5. informaciis saWirobani da monacemTa wyaroebi

5.1 zogadi informacia

5.1.1 aRwerilobiTi informacia, romelic Sesatyviseba wylis obieqtebs

5.1.2. mTavari mowileebi, romelnic SesaZloa CarTulni iyvnen IMPRESS analizSi

5.2 informacia zewolebze

5.2.1 informacia dabinZurebis wyaroTa adgilebze

5.2.2informacia dabinZurebis difuzur wyaroebze

5.2.3 informacia wylis gadinebaze

5.2.4 informacia wylis dinebis regulaciaze

5.2.5 informacia morfologiur zewolebze

5.2.6 informaciazewolebze xmeleTis gamoyenebis magaliTebidan

5.2.7 informacia sxva zewolebze

5.3 informacia zegavlenebze

5.3.1 informacia mgrZnobelobaze/wylis obieqtebix daucveloba

5.3.2 garemos monacemebi

6. mimdinare praqtikis magaliTebi romelic Seesabameba FzewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizs

7. Semajamebeli SeniSvnebi

8. damowmebani

danarTi I ganxorcielebis zogadi strategia da misi samuSao jgufi

danarTi II terminebis leqsikoni

danarTi III IMPRESS samuSao jgufis monawileni da sxva sasargeblo kontaqtebi

danarTi IV magaliTebis moyvana saSualebebisaTvis (danarTi Tavi 4-ze).

danarTi V SemTxvevaTa Seswavla

mimoxilva / gaweuli samuSaos Sejameba

ra aris am instruqcias mizani?

am dokumentis mizania megzuroba gauwios eqspertebs da mewileebs direqtiva 2000/60/EC

ganxorcielebaSi, romelic awesebs CarCos sazogadoebrivi qmedebisaTvis wylis politikis

sferoSi (wylis CarCo direqtiva - ,,direqtiva”). is mimarTulia moaxdinos zewolaTa da

zegavlenaTa analizi wylis obieqtebis daxasiaTebis dros muxli 5 –is Sesabamisad,

mdinareTa auzebis menejmentis erTiani gegmis ganviTarebis farTo konteqstiT, rogorc amas

moiTxovs direqtiva.

visken aris mimarTuli es instruqcia?

Tu es Tqveni movaleobaa, gvjera rom es instruqcia dagexmarebaT samuSaos SesrulebaSi,

Tu Tqven:

• axdenT zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizs;

• xarT wamyvani da mmarTveli eqspertebi, romelnic axdenT zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa

analizs.

• monawileobT rogorc mewileebi Sefasebis procesSi;

• iyenebT zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizis Sedegebs gadawyvetilebis misaRebad da

mdinareTa auzebis menejmentis gegmis SemuSavebis xelSesawyobad;

• an

• moaxsenebT zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizis Sesaxeb evrokomisias, rogorc amas

moiTxovs direqtiva.

ra SegiZliaT aRmoaCinoT am instruqciaSi

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa zogadi gaazreba wlis CarCo direqtivaSi (Tavi 2)

5


6

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

• rogoria zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizis roli direqtivis ganxorcielebis

procesSi?

• rogor Seuwyobs xels analizi wlis obieqtebis daxasiaTebas, romelic unda

Sesruldes direqtivis me-5 muxlis mixedviT, rogor gaamdidrebs es analizi

monitoringis programis, mdinareTa auzebis menejmentis gegmis SemuSavebas da

SefasebaTa programebs;

• ra aris analizis ZiriTadi terminebi (magaliTad, mniSvnelovani zewolebi, wylis

obieqtebi, romelnic direqtivis amocanebis CaSlis safrTxis risks atareben)?

• ra aris direqtivis amocanebi?

ZiriTadi midgoma zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizis mimarT (Tavi 3)

• rogoria mTliani midgoma, ra ZiriTadi samuSao nabijebia mowodebuli analizis

Casatareblad?

• romeli meTodebia mowodebuli zedapiruli wylebisaTvis, rom

&ganisazRvros xelSemwyobi Zalebi, zewolebi da mniSvnelovani zewolebi?

& Semowmdes wlis obieqtebis mgrZnobiaroba zewolebis da zegavlenaTa

simwvavis mimarT?

& Sefasdes amocanaTa Seusruleblobis riski?

romelia meTodebia mowodebuli gruntis wylebisaTvis, rom:

& moxdes sawyisi daxasiaTeba?

& moxdes Semdgomi daxasiaTeba ,,riskis mtarebel “ gruntis

wylis obieqtebze da obieqtebze, romelnic kveTaven wevri

qveynebis sazRvrebs?

saSualebebis krebuli (Tavi 4)

• romeli specifikuri saSualebebi (rogoricaa monacemebi, klasifikaciis sistemebi da

modelebi) aris xelmisawvdomi zewolisa da zegavlenis analizis xelSesawyobad?

monacemebisa da informaciis wyaroebi (Tavi 5)

• sad moiZiebT informacias da monacemebs romelic saWiroa seqcia 3-Si mocemuli

analizis Casatareblad an me-4 seqciaSi naxsenebi saSualebebis xelSesawyobad?

mimdinare praqtikis magaliTi (Tavi 6)

• kargi praqtikis romeli Tanamedrove magaliTebia xelmisawvdomi analizis sul cota

erT aspeqtTan mimarTebaSi?

am saorientacio dokumentis meTodologia morgebuli unda iyos regionalur da

nacionalur pirobebTan.

instruqcia gansazRvravs mTlian process da asocirebul, ZiriTad nabijebs.

evrogaerTianebis SigniT pirobebis sxvadasxvaobis gamo, analizis Catarebis meTodi icvleba

erTi mdinaris auzidan meoremde. mowodebuli meTodologia unda morgebul iqnas

specifikur pirobebTan..

frTxilad!

ras ver aRmoaCenT am instruqciaSi.

instruqcia #3

instruqcia fokusirdeba ,,mimoixilos adamianis moqmedebis zegavlena zedapiruli da

gruntis wylebis mdgomareobaze “ muxli 5-is da damateba II-is (1.2,1.5 da 2.) mixedviT. es

Semdgom exmareba SemuSavdes mdinareTa auzebis menejmentis gegmebi da gazomvaTa

programebi. instruqcia specifikurad fokusirdeba direqtivis 2004 moTxovnilebaze.

saorientacio dokumenti ar fokusirdeba:

6


7

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

• rogor Camoweros Zlierad Secvlili wylis obieqtebi( ixileT WED CIS

saorientacio dokumenti #4, xelovnuri da Zlierad Secvlili (modificirebuli)

wylis obieqtebis Camoweris Sesaxeb;

• rogor moawyos monitoringis programebi (ixileT WED CIS saorientacio dokumenti

#, monitoringis Sesaxeb;

• rogor miviRoT zomebi direqtivis miznebis misaRwevad (ixileT WED CIS

saorientacio dokumenti # 9, saukeTeso praqtikis Sesaxeb mdinareTa auzebis

dagegmarebaze;

1. direqtevis ganxorcieleba: scenaris dadgma

es seqcia warmogvidgens wylis CarCo direqtivis (WFD) ganxorcielebis mTlian konteqsts

da iniciativebs, romelTac mivyavarT am instruqciis Seqmnisaken.

2000 dekemberi: dabrkolebebi wlis politikaSi.

xangrZlivi molaparakebis procesi

22 dekemberi, 2000, darCeba dabrkolebad wylis politikis istoriaSi, evropaSi. am TariRis

dros, WFD ( an 2000/60/EC evropis parlamentis da 2000 wlis 23 oqtombris sabWos direqtiva

romelic afuZnebs CarCoebs sazogadoebrivi qmedebisaTvis wylis politikis sferoSi.)

daibeWda evropis sazogadoebaTa ong>ofong>icialur JurnalSi da amgvarad Sevida ZalaSi

WFD warmoadgens xuT welze meti xnis diskusiis da molaparakebebis procesis Sedegs

eqspertTa mravalricxovan jgufs, mowileebsa da politikis Semqmnelebs Soris. am procesma

xazi gausva farTo SeTanxmebas wylis Tanamedrove menejmentis wamyvani principebis Sesaxeb,

romelic dRes safuZvels uyris WFD-s daarsebas.

wylis CarCo direqtiva: axa;li gamowvevebi evrogaerTianebis wlis politikaSi.

ra aris am direqtivis mizani?

WFD safuZvels udebs infrastruqturas wylis yvela obieqtis dasacavad ( zedapiruli

wylebis, gamavali wylebis, sanapiro wylebis da gruntis wylebis CaTvliT), romelnic 1

muxlis mixedviT:

• icavs Semdgomi dabinZurebisagan, icavs da afarToebs wlis wyaroebis statuss;

• xels uwyobs wylis safuZvlian gamoyenebas, romelic damyarebulia wylis

rezervuarebis grZelvadian dacvaze.

• miznad isaxavs specifikuri zomebis meSveobiT wliani garemos dacvasa da

gaumjobesebas, raTa Semcirdes gadineba, progresuli gadineba da ZiriTadi

nivTierebebis kargva da Sewydes an Semcirdes dacla, gadineba da ZiriTadi

gasafrTxilebeli nivTierebebis kargva;

• uzrunvelyong>ofong>s gruntis wylebis dabunZurebis progresul Semcirebas,

da icavs Semdgomi dabinZurebisagan; da

• xels uwobs wyaldidobisa da gvalvis efeqtebis Semcirebas.

da ra aris ZiriTadi mizani?

mTlianobaSi, direqtiva mizanad isaxavs miaRwios wlis karg mdgomareobas yvela

wylebisaTvis 2015 wlisaTvis.

ra ZiriTadi zomebi unda miiRos wevrma qveynebma?

• gansazRvros calkeuli mdinareTa auzebi, romelnic gadian maT nacionalur

teretoriaze da miekuTvnos isini mdinareTa auzebis individualur raionebs (RBDs)

da ganisazRvros 2003 wlis kompetenturi avtoritetebi (muxli 3, muxli 4.)

• daxasiaTdes mdinareTa auzebis raionebi wylis gamoyenebis ekonomiis, zewolisa da

zegavlenebis pirobebis mixedviT. daculi areebis registraciiT, romelic gadis

mdinareTa auzebis raionze 2004 wlisaTvis.

(muxli 5, muxli 6, damateba II, damateba III).

7


8

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

• evrokomisiasTan erTad da gaerTianebulad moxdes ekologiuri mdgomareobis

klasifikaciis sistemis Camoyalibeba (muxli 2 (22), damateba V);

• amoqmeddes monitoringis sistemebi 2006 wlisaTvis (muxli 5).

• sarwmuno monitoringze da da mdinareTa auzebis maxasiaTeblebze dayrdnobiT, WFD-s

garemos dacvis miznebis misaRwevad misaRebi zomebis gansazRvra optimaluri

danaxarjebiT 2009 wlisaTvis (muxli II, damateba III).

• mdinareTa auzebis menejmentis gegmebis Seqmna da gamoqveyneba (RBMPs)

TiToeuli RBD-sTvis da Zlier modificirebuli wlis obieqtebis

aRniSvna 2009 wlisaTvis (muxli 13, muxli 4.3).

• wylis fasebis politikis Camoyalibeba, rac aZlierebs wylis wyaroebis

uwyvetobas (simyares) 2010 wlisaTvis (muxli 9).

• programuli zomebis amoqmedeba 2012 wlisaTvis (muxli 11).

• programuli zomebis ganxorcieleba da garemos miznebis miRweva 2015 wlisaTvis

(muxli 4).

wevri qveynebi yovelTvis ver SeZleben yvela wylis obieqtze miaRwion wylis karg

mdgomareobas RBD-s farglebSi 2015 wlisaTvis

SesaZleblobaTa mizezebiT, bunebrivi pirobebis an araproporciuli xarjebis gamo. aseTi

pirobebis dros, romelic specifikurad unda iqnas ganmartebuli Sesatyvis RBMP-Si, WFD

wevr qveynebs sTavazobs SesaZleblobas, rom

CaerTon dagegmarebisa da zomebis ganxorcielebis or, Semdgom 6 wlian ciklSi ( 2007

wlamde). rodesac miznebis miuRwevloba gansazRvrulia garemos pirobebiT, es periodi

SesaZloa gagrZeldes 2027 wlis Semdgomac.

menejmentis procesis cvlileba – informacia, konsultaciebi da monawileoba

direqtivis me-14 muxli azustebs, rom wevrma qveynebma unda waaxalison yvela

dainteresebuli mxaris Cabma direqtivis ganxorcielebaSi da mdinareTa auzebis menejmentis

gegmebSi. agreTve, wevri qveynebi miawvdian informacias da konsultaciebs gaivlian

sazoagadoebasTan momxmareblebis CaTvliT, kerZod:

• drois ganrigi da samuSao programa mdinareTa auzebis menejmentis gegmebis

Sesaqmnelad da konsultaciebis roli araugvianes 2006 wlisaTvis.

• mdinareTa auzebis mniSvnelovani wylis sakiTxebis menejmentis mimoxilva

araugvianes 2007 wlisaTvis.

• mdinareTa auzebis gegmis proeqti araugvianes 2008 wlisaTvis.

integracia: ZiriTadi koncefcia, romelic safuZvlad udevs wylis CarCo direqtivas.

wylis CarCo direqtivis mTavari koncefcia aris integraciis koncefcia, romelic wamyvania

wlis dacvis menejmentisaTvis mdinaris auzebis regionSi.:

* garemos miznebis integracia: xarixis, ekologiuri da raodenobrivi amocanebis

kombinireba wylis maRali Rirebulebis ekosistemebis dasacavad da sxva wylebis zogadi,

kargi mdgomareobis uzrunvelyong>ofong>a.

• wylis yvela resursebis integracia: mtknari zedapiruli wylebis da gruntis

wylebis obieqtebis, sveli niadagebis, sanapiro wylis resursebis gaerTianeba

mdinareTa auzebis farglebSi.

• yvela saxis wylis gamoyenebis, funqciis da Rirebulebis saerTo politikis

CarCoebSi gaerTianeba. e.i wylis gamokvleva garemosaTvis,

• janmrTelobisa da adamianebis mier moxmarebisaTvis, wyali ekonomikuri

seqtorisaTvis, transportisaTvis, dasvenebisaTvis, wyali rogorc socialuri sikeTe

(moxmarebis sagani).

• dargebis integracia, gamocdilebis analizi, hidrologiis, hidravlikis, ekologiis,

qimiis, niadagmcodneobis, teqnologiis inJineriis da ekonomikis gaerTianeba raTa

gaanalizdes mimdinare zewola da zemoqmedebani wylis resursebze da dadgindes

saWiro zomebi dirqtiviT gaTvaliswinebuli garemos amocanebis gadasawyvetad

saxsrebis maqsimalurad efeqturi gamoyenebiT.

8


9

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

• wylis kanonmdeblobis integracia saerTo Tanmimdevrul CarCoSi. wylis zogierTi

Zveli dadgenilebis moTxovnilebani ( e.w. Tevzisa da wylis direqtiva) gadakeTebul

iqna wylis CarCo direqtivad Tanamedrove ekologiuri azrovnebis Sesabamisad.

gardamavali periodis Semdgom es Zveli direqtivebi gauqmdeba. kanonmdeblobis sxva

nawilebi (nitratebis direqtiva, da urbanuli uvargisi wylis gajansaRebis direqtiva)

unda koordinirebul iqnas mdinareTa auzebis menejmentis gegmaSi, sadac isini qmnian

programebis da RonisZiebebis safuZvels.

• yvela mniSvnelovani menejmentisa da ekologiuri aspeqtis integracia mdinareTa

auzebis myari gegmis Sesabamisad, imaTi CaTvliT, romelnic scildebian wylis CarCo

direqtivis farglebs, rogoricaa wyaldidobisagan dacva da prevencia.

• mTeli rigi RonisZiebebis integracia, fasebis dadgenis, ekonomikuri da finansuri

instrumentebis CaTvliT, marTvis erTiani midgomaSi, direqtiviT gaTvalsiwinebuli

garemos amocanebis Sesasruleblad. RonisZiebaTa programebi gansazRvrulia

mdinareTa auzebis menejmentis gegmiT, romelic SemuSavebuli mdinareTa auzebis

TiToeuli regionisaTvis.

• mewileTa da samoqalaqo sazogadoebis gaerTianeba gadawyvetilebis miRebaSi

gamWvirvalobiT da informaciis miwodebiT sazoagadoebisaTvis, da mewileebisaTvis

unikaluri SesaZleblobis SeTavazebiT CaerTon mdinareTa auzebis marTvis gegmebis

SemuSavebaSi.

• wylis resursebze da wylis mdgomareobaze zegavlenis mqone,

gadawyvetilebis mimRebi sxvadasxva doneebis integracia, iqnebian isini

adgilobrivi, regionaluri Tu nacionaluri, yvela saxis wylebis

efeqtur menjmentSi.

• sxvadasxva wevri qveynebis integracia ramodenime qveynisTvis saerTo

mdinareTa auzebis wylebis menejmentSi, evrogaerTianebaSi arsebuli da/an momavali

wevri qveynebis CaTvliT.

1.3. ra gakeTda ganxorcielebis xelSesawyobad?

WFD –s ganxorcielebis xelSesawyobi moqmedebani amJamad mimdinareobs orive wevr

qveyanaSi da qveynebSi, romelnic arian evrogaerTianebis wevrobis kandidatebi. qmedebaTa

magaliTebi moicaven sazogadoebis gaTviTcnobierebas, erovnuli orientirebis

SemuSavebas, pilotur qmedebebs, romelnic direqtivis da mTliani dagegmvis procesis

specifikuri elementebis gamocdas warmoadgens. ganxilvebs sainstitucio CarCoebSi an

kvleviTi programebis wamowyebas, romelic eZRvneba WFD-s.

2001 wlis maisi-Svecia: wevri qveynebi, norvegia da evropis komisia SeTanxmda saerTo

strategiis ganxorcielebaze (CIS).

am strategiis mTavari amocanaa xeli Seuwyon WFD-s ganxorcielebas saerTo da

Tanmimdevruli gagebisa da orienteris SemuSavebiT direqticis ZiriTad elementebze. am

saerTo strategiis mTavari principebi moicavs informaciisa da gamocdilebis gaziarebas,

saerTo meTodologiis da midgomis SemuSavebas, kandidati qveynebis eqspertebis CarTvas da

mewileebis CarTvas wylis sferos warmomadgenlobidan.

saerTo gansaxorcielebeli strategiis konteqstidan gamomdinare Sedga mTeli rigi

samuSao jgufebi da daiwyo gaerTianebuli Zalisxmeva kanonis Zalis aramqone instruqciis

(ix. damateba 1) amoqmedebisa da testirebisaTvis. strategiuli sakoordinacio jgufi

zedamxedvelobs am samuSao jgufebs da angariSs abarebs pirdapir evrogaerTianebis wylis

direqtorats da komisias, romelnic asruleben CIS gadawyvetilebaTa mimRebi ZiriTadi

organos funqcias

IMPRESS samuSao jgufi.

Aam strategiis konteqstiT, Camoyalibda samuSao jgufi romelic direqtivis me-5 muxlis

mixedviT gankuTvnilia zewolebis dasadgenad da zemoqmedebaTa Sesafaseblad wylis

obieqtebis daxasiaTebisas. Aam samuSao jgufis ZiriTadi moklevadiani amocana gaxldaT

9


10

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

WFD-s farglebSi, mocemul sakiTxze kanonis Zalis ara mqone praqtikuli instruqciis

SemuSaveba romelic daiwyo 2001 wlis oqtomberSi da saxeldebul iqna rogorc IMPRESS.

Ggermanias da gaerTianebul samefos gaaCniaT saerTo pasuxismgebloba proeqtis menejmentze

da samuSao jgufis samdivnoze, romelic Sedgeba samTavrobo da arasamTavrobo

organizaciebis teqnikuri eqspertebisgan.

imisaTvis, rom uzrunvelyong>ofong>il iqnas adeqvaturi Zalisxmeva da ukugeba orientiris

Sesrulebis fazaSi ufro farTo reviziis meSveobiT, da instruqciis adreuli versiis

Sesafaseblad, IMPRESS jgufma moawyo ramodenime ganxilva da ukugebis diskusiebi

mitingebisa da samuSao Sexvedrebis saxiT.

saorientacio dokumentis SemuSaveba: interaqtiuli procesi

drois xanmokle periodis ganmavlobaSi, eqspertebis didi raodenoba da mewileebi

sxvadasxva xarisxiT iyvnen CarTulni instruqciis SemuSavebaSi. maTi CarTulobis procesi

moicavda Semdeg qmedebebs:

• IMPRESS 40- plius eqspertebisa da mewile wevrebis regularuli

Sexvedrebi

• Mmudmivi urTierTobebi saerTo gansaxorcielebeli strategiis sxva

samuSao jgufebTan, ZiriTadad maTTan, visac saqme hqonda ekonomiur

analizTan, Zlier modificirebuli wylis obieqtebis dagegmarebasTan,

saCvenebel pirobebTan da monitoringTan.

Tqven SegiZliaT daukavSirdeT eqspetrebs, romelnic Cabmulni arian

IMPRESS saqmianobaSi

IMPRESS wevrebis CamonaTvali sruli sakontaqto detalebiT SesaZlebelia moiZebnos am

instruqciis damateba III-Si.

Tu Tqven gWirdebaT daxmareba Tqvens saqmianobaSi, daukavSirdiT IMPRESS warmomadgenels

Tqvens qveyanaSi.

2. wylis CarCo direqtivaSi zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi – erTiani gageba

2.1. WFD moTxovnilebaTa gamoZaxili

2.1.1 zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analiziTan dakavSirebuli moTxovnilebani

wina TavSi naTeli gaxda WFD-s mizani, da gaerTianebis mniSvneloba am miznebis misaRwevad.

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizis aucilebloba gancxadebulia WFD-s me-5 muxlSi ,

romelic moiTxovs mdinareTa auzebis TiToeuli regionisaTvis:

• misi maxasiaTeblebis analizs.

• zedapirul da gruntis wylebze adamianTa saqmianobis zemoqmedebis

mimoxilvas

• wylis moxmarebis ekonomikur analizs.

instruqcia eZRvneba am moTxovnilebebidan meores, magram mTlianad unda iyos Serwymuli

ekonomikur analizTan, risTvisac orientiri SemuSavda ekonomikuri analizis samuSao

jgufis mier (WATECO) (ixileT WFD instruqcia #1). WFD adgens amocanebs romelnic

gansazRvrulia muxli 5-iT, romelic dasrulda 2004 wlisaTvis. SemdgomSi isini gadaixedeba

2013 wlisaTvis da Semdeg yovels 6 weliwadSi (2019, 2025). Camoyalibda ra WFD-s sruli

mizani, 2004 wels Catarebuli analizis dros gaTvaliswinebul iqna, TiToeuli wylis

obieqtis mimdinare mdgomareoba da gakeTda prognozi 2015 wlisaTvis. Aamgvarad,

WFD iwyebs Sefasebis, ganmeorebisa da gaumjobesebis uwyvet process.

zegavlenaTa mimoxilvis dazusteba mocemulia WFD-s damateba II, seqcia 1 –Si zedapiruli

wylebisTvis, da damateba II seqcia q, kerZod:

1. zedapiruli wylis obieqtebis tipebis daxasiaTeba

10


11

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

2. ekoregionebi da zedapiruli wylebis obieqtebis tipebi

3. tip-specifikuri sarekomendacio pirobebis dadgena zedapiruli wylis

obieqtebisaTvis;

4. zewolaTa dadgena

5. zegavlenaTa Sefaseba

es instruqcia eZRvneba am procesis bolo or nawils, magram naTelia, rom mWidro kavSirSia

daxasiaTebaTan da sarekomendacio(saCvenebeli) pirobebis dadgenasTan.

CIS ori calkeuli samuSao jgufi gvawvdis orientirs sarekomendacio pirobebze miwis

zedapirul wylebTan mimarTebaSi (REFCOND) da topologiasa da klasifikaciis sistemebze

gamdinare da sanapiro wylebTan mimarTebaSi (COAST) (ixileT WFD CIS instruqcia #10 da 5.,

Sesatyvisad).

WFD moiTxovs inforaciis Sekrebas da Senaxvas mniSvnelovani antrong>ofong>ogenuri zewolebis

tipze da simZlavreze, da migviTiTebs zewolebis farTo kategorizaciaze Semdegnairad:

• dabinZurebis wertilovani wyaroebi

• dinebis reJimis modificirebis efeqtebi regulaciis danawilebiT

• morfologiuri cvlilebebi

• aseve unda ganisazRvros nebismieri sxva zewola anu iseTi, romelic ar

jdeba am kategoriaSi.

• Aamas garda, aris moTxovna gaTvaliswinebul iqnas xmeleTze gamoyenebis

paternebi (magaliTad dasaxlebebis, industriuli, sasong>ofong>lo-sameurneo,

tyis meurneobis da sxva) radgan es SesaZloa gamosadegi iyos im

adgilebis misaTiTeblad, sadac arsebobs specifikuri zewolebi.

zegavlenaTa Sefasebisas unda gamoyenebul iqnas orive, informacia zewolebis Sesaxeb da

nebismieri sxva informacia, magaliTad garemos monitoringis monacemebi, albaTobis

gansazRvra, rom zedapiruli wylis obieqtis xarisxi ar Seesabameba garemos amocanebs. Oim

obieqtebisaTvis, romelnic atareben specifikur amocanaTa Seusruleblobis risks,

aucilebelia gaTvalisiwinebul iqnas damatebiTi monitoringisa da programuli

RonisZiebebis ganxorcieleba.

Ggruntis wylebi

gansxvavebuli procesia aRwerili WFD-s damateba II, seqcia 2-Si, da Sedgeba xuTi

nawilisagan, kerZod:

1. sawyisi daxasiaTeba, romelic moicavs zewolaTa gansazRvras da amocanebis

Seusruleblobis riskebis dadgenas.

2. riskis qveS myong>ofong>i gruntis wylebis Semdgom daxasiaTebas.

3. gruntis wylebze adamianTa moqmedebis zegavlenis mimoxilvas sazRvrebs gadamkveTi

da riskis qveS myong>ofong>i gruntis wylebisaTvis.

4. gruntis wylebis doneTa cvlilebebis zegavlenis mimoxilva gruntis wylebis

obieqtebisaTvis, romelTaTvisac pirveladi amocanebi dgindeba 4,5. muxlebis mixedviT

da,

5. dabinZurebis zegavlenis ganxilva gruntis wylebis xarisxze, romelTaTvisac

pirveladi amocanebi unda dadgindes;

instruqcia exeba am procesis yvela mxares. zewolebi gansazRvruli WFD-s damateba II, qveseqcia

2.1-Si Seesatyviseba zedapiruli wylebisaTvis dadgenil pirvel sam kategorias,

kerZod:

• dabinZurebis wertilovani wyaroebi

• dabinZurebis Sereuli wyaroebi; da

• wylis doneebisa da dinebis cvlilebebi, romelic gamowveulia gamoyong>ofong>iT

• instruqcia #3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

11


12

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

2.1.2 kavSirebi sxva specifikur moTxovnebTan da asocirebuli drois farglebi

wnevebisa da zegavlenaTa analizi warmoadgens dagegmarebis procesis mxolod erT

elements, Tanxlebuls sxva elementebiT romelnic amdidrebdnen mimoxilvas, an

damokidebulni arian mis gamosavalze (grafiki 2.2).

amocanebi


adamianTa moqmedebis

analizi

ekonomikuri

analizi


monitoringis

programis

mimoxilva


arsebuli

informacia

da monacemebi


wnevaTa da

zegavlenaTa

analizi


RonisZiebaTa

programa

grafiki 2.2 dagegmvis procesis elementebi

am didi procesis erT-erTi yvelaze fundamenturi elementia garemos amocanebis dadgena

(muxli 4) radgan zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa mimoxilvis procesma unda gamoavlinos wylis

obieqtebi, romelnic ver asruleben an sariskoa, rom ver Seasruleben gansazRvrul

12


13

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

amocanas. amocanebi damokidebulni arian mTlian mizanze miRweul iqnas kargi mdgomareoba

2015 wlisaTvis, da SesaZlebelia damatebiT specifikur amocanaze, romelic ganekuTvneba

dacul areebs da gansazRvrulia sxva kanonmdeblobiT. amocanebi aseve damokidebulni arian

wylis obieqtis mimdinare mdgomareobaze, ise rom wevrma qveynebma, ZiriTadad, unda

moaxdinon maTi mdgomareobis gauaresebis prong>ofong>ilaqtika.

amocanebi SemdgomSi ganxilulia seqcia 2.3.-Si.

grZelvadian farglebSi, Tu ramdenad miRweulia miznebi, Sefasdeba wylis obieqtebis

qimiuri da ekologiuri mdgomareobis mixedviT. pirveli mimoxilvis yvelaze mniSvnelovani

amocana 2004 wlisaTvis aris wylis menejmentis sakiTxebis gaazreba mdinaris TiToeuli

auzisaTvis da rogor zemoqmedebas axdenen isini TiToeul, individualur wylis obieqtze.

es SesaZloa ganxilul iqnas, rogorc mogvianebiT stadiaze damatebiTi ganxilvisa da

analizis winaswari skriningi. aRniSnuli skriningi gamokveTavs sakiTxebs, romelnic

ganxilul unda iqnas mdinareTa auzis menejmentis gegmis Sedgenisas

(RBMP), da is aseve gamoavlens monacemebisa da codnis garkveul deficits , romelic unda

Seivsos RBMP-s da monitoringis programis Sedgenis procesSi.

faqtori, romelic zegavlenas axdens amocanebis dadgenaze gulisxmobs wylis obieqtis

Camoweras, rogorc xelovnurs an Zlier modificirebuls (muxli 4). orienteri aseTi

CamowerisaTvis mocemulia, xelmisawvdomia WFD CIS saorientacio dokumentSi #4. amasaTan,

sanam 2009 wlamde HMWBs Camowera ar damTavrdeba, HMWBs orientiris ZiriTadi principebi

gaTvaliswinebul unda iqnas zewolebis da zegavlenebis sawyisi gaanalizebis dros.

WeSmaritad, es ori procesi danaxul unda iqnas, rogorc mWidrod urTierTmoqmedi

paraleluri procesi, da ara damoukidebeli moqmedebani.

WFD awesebs amocanebis garkveul ricxvs zedapiruli da gruntis wylebisTvis

da wnevebisa da zegavlenaTa analiziT unda Sefasdes TiToeuli amocanis Cavardnis riski.

amocanebi moicaven axal ekologiur miznebs, romelTa miRweva SesaZloa komprometirebul

iyos mTeli rigizewolebiT, romelnic moicaven wertilovani wyaroebis daclas, difuzuri

wyaroebis daclas, wylis gadinebas, wylis dinebis regulacias, morfologiur cvlilebebs,

da gruntis wylebis xelovnur gadaclas. Es da sxva nebismieri zewola, romelTac

SesaZloa zemoqmedeba moaxdinon wylis ekosistemebis mdgomareobaze gaTvaliswinebul unda

iqnas analizisaTvis.

WFD moiTxovs misi ZiriTdi amocanebis Sesrulebas; zedapiruli wylis karg mdgomareobas

da gruntis wylebis karg mdgomareobas yvelaze gvian 2015 wlis bolosaTvis;, sanam muxlebi

4.3-4.7 moqmedebaSia. Sesatyvisad, zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi unda iTvaliswinebdes,

Tu rogor unda ganviTardes zewolebi 2015 wlamde ise, rom wylis obieqtebi riskis qveS

aRmoCndnen, rom ver miaRwion karg mdgomareobas, Tu Sesatyvisi programuli RonisZiebebi ar

daigegmeba da ganxorcieldeba. es moiTxovs gaTvaliswinebul iqnas arsebuli

kanonmdeblobis da prognozebis efeqtebi da rogor CairTvebian droTa ganmavlobaSi is

ZiriTadi ekonimikuri faqtorebi, romelnic moqmedeben wylis moxmarebaze, da rogor

SeiZleba zemoqmedebdnen wylis garemos zewolebze es cvlilebani (ixileT WFD CIS instruqcia

#3). aseTi prognozebi unda mowodebul iqnas wylis moxmarebis ekonomikuri analizis

Sedegad, rasac moiTxovs muxli 5.

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizis dros aucilebelia dadgindes WFD-s amocanebis

romeli riskebi unda iqnas ganxiluli RonisZiebaTa ganxorcielebisas, romelnic

dakonkretebulia sazogadoebrivi kanonmdeblobiT. es informacia saSualebas iZleva, rom

ekonimikur analizis Sedegad Sefasdes da SemuSavdes rCevebi RonisZiebaTa kombinaciaze

yvelaze

efeqturi danaxarjebiT, romelnic SesaZlebelia gamoyenebul iqnas sxva riskebTan

mimarTebaSi WFD-s miznebis misaRwevad.

WFD-s amocana, rom Seamciros an daicvas gruntis wylebi damabinZurebelebisagan {muxli

4.(b)(i)

ar akonkretebs romeli damabinZureblebis SeWris prevencia unda ganxorcieldes da ra

ramdenad unda SeizRudos sxva damabinZureblebi. ase rom ar aris naTeli rogor Sefasdes

am amocanaTa Seusruleblobis riskebi sanam ar moxdeba maTi miznebis ganmarteba.

aseTi ganmarteba SeiZleba mogvces Svileulma direqtivam romelic dafuZndeba muxli 17 –is

mixedviT. aseT Svileul direqtivas moeTxoveba aseve daadginos kriteriumebi

13


14

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

mniSvnelovani da myar, aRmavali tendenciebis identifikaciisaTvis { muxli 4.1 (b) (iii). sanam

es kriteriumebi dadgindeba, wevrma qveynebma unda gadawyviton ra Seadgens mniSvnelovan da

myar, aRmaval tendenciebs maTi sakuTari kriteriumebis mixedviT.

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa mimoxilva saWiroa monitoringis programis Sesadgenad, romelic

unda amoqmeddes 2006 wlisaTvis (muxli 8) da aseve

RonisZiebaTa programis SesamuSaveblad, romelnic unda dadgindes 2009 wlisaTvis da

amoqmeddes 2012 wlisaTvis (muxli 11). muxli 14 amxnevebs

yvela dainteresebuli mxares aqtiurad Caebas WFD-s SerulebaSi da sTxovs wevr qveynebs

moaxdinos sazogadoebis informireba da konsultireba. amgvarad,

wlis saagentoebma da mmarTvelobam unda gaxados es mimoxilva rac SeiZleba gamWvirvale.

es muxli specifikurad moiTxovs sazogadoebis konsultirebas RBMP-s Seqmnisas, rasac

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi mniSvnelovnad Seuwyobs xels.

informaciis gaziareba, sazogadoebis konsultireba da monawileoba direqtivis

moTxovnilebebia da misi ganxorcielebis efeqturobas uwyobs xels. instruqcia,,

sazogadoebis monawileobaze” gvawvdis Semdgom informacias monawileobis im formebze

(WFD CIS instruqcia #8).

mowileTa monawileoba mniSvnelovania, radgan is asrulebs mraval funqcias,

romelnic moicaven:

• yvelas mier mowonebuli procesis ganviTareba zrdis misi gamosavlis

kanonierebas da amgvarad aadvilebs mis qmediT da efeqtur

ganxorcielebas.

• mewileebi SeiZleba warmoadgendnen informaciis sasargeblo

wyaros da flobdnen gamocdilebas zewolaTa da zemoqmedebaTa

analizSi (ixileT cxrilebi me-5 TavSi).

• sazogadoebis mimoxilva sasargebloa imis gasagebad, Tu rogor afasebs

xalxi garemo pirobebis gaumjobesebas da Cveni wylebis xarisxs da

ramdenad arian isini mzad gadaixadon garemos gasaumjobeseblad.

sazogadoebis CarTva d partniorebis qseli, romelic Camoyalibda maTi monawileobis

Sedegad, sasargebloa sakuTrebis SegrZnebis gamosamuSaveblad mdinareTa auzebis

menejmentis gegmebze da SeuZlia gazardos RonisZiebaTa

efeqturoba, romelic saWiroa direqtivis amocanebis Sesasruleblad.

direqtiva mxolod adgens ZiriTad TariRebs konsultaciebisaTvis, magram swored rom

iTqvas ar azustebs TariRebs monawileobis procesisaTvis, radgan es damokidebulia

adgilobriv dawesebulebebze da arsebuli sociumis pirobebze, amasTan rekomendirebulia

adreulad daiwyos monawileobis procesi

(magaliTad, mdinareTa auzebis daxasiaTebis nawili 2004 wlamde) efeqturobis

gasaumjobeseblad.

ixileT aseve am dokumentis Tavi 5, romelic gviCvenebs vin unda iyos Cabmuli

IMPRESS analizis Catarebasa da gamoyenebaSi.

me-15 muxli azustebs muxli 5 –is mixedviT Catarebuli mimoxilvis moxsenebis mimarT

moTxovnilebebs. wevr qveynebs moeTxovebaT warmoadginon

mimoxilvaTa Semajamebeli moxsenebebi maTi dasrulebidan 3 Tvis ganmavlobaSi. ( pirveli

mimoxilvidan yvelaze gvian 2005 wlis martisaTvis). SemdgomSi, es mimoxilviTi moxsenebani

Sevlen RBMP-s SemadgenlobaSi, romelTa gamoqveyneba pirvelad unda moxdes pirvelad 2009

wlisaTvis, da Semdgom yovel eqvs weliwadSi (2015, 1021 . . . .). amgvarad, 2009 wlidan Sedgeba

6 wliani ciklebis cxrili, zewolaTa da zemoqmedebaTa mimoxilviT, romelic RBMP –s

gamoqveynebamde 2 wliT adre moxdeba.

muxli 6 moiTxovs, rom daculi arealebis registri dadgindes 2004 wlisaTvis, magram es

informacia saWiroa ufro adrec, raTa SesaZlebeli gaxdes zewolaTa da zemoqmedebaTa

analizi. drois farglebi da asocirebuli kavSirebi Sejamebulia cxrilSi 2.1.

cxrili 2.1 qmedebebi da TariRebi, rodesac es amocanebi unda miRwevadi

gaxdes …(yuradRevba miaqcieT, rom praqtikaSi mravali qmedeba

unda damTavrdes fiqsirebuli drois periodSi, romelic

gamiznulia winamdebare amocanis dasamTavreblad.

moqmedeba

TariRi

zegavlenaTa mimoxilva Sesrulebuli wevri qveynebis mier 2004

14


15

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

(muxli 5,muxli 15, damateba II)

dadgenili daculi arealebis registri(muxli 6) 2004

zegavlenaTa mimoxilvis jamuri moxseneba komisiis mimarT (muxli 15) 2005

samoqmedo programis monitoringi (muxli 8) 2006

mdinareTa auzebis menejmentis pirveli dasrulebuli gegma

2009

(muxli 15)

RonisZebaTa dadgenili gegma (muxli 11) 2009

samoqmedo RonisZiebaTa programa (muxli 11) 2012

2.2 ZiriTadi terminebi

maSin, rodesac WFD –dan naTeli xdeba, rom zegavlena aris zewolaTa Sedegi, arcerTi

termini ar aris zustad gansazRvruli. amisaTvis unda SemuSavdes am terminebis erTiani

gansazRvrebebi da yvelaze efeqturi midgomebi. am instruqciaSi farTod gamoyenebadi

gamwevi, zewola, mdgomareoba, zegavlena, pasuxi (DPSIR) analitikuri CarCo miRebulia

Tavisi gansazRvrebebiT

instruqcia #3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(definiciebiT),

rogorc es mocemulia cxrilSi 2.2. da ilustrirebulia cxrili 2.3 magaliTis gamoyenebiT.

cxrili 2.2

termini

wamyvani

zewola

mdgomareoba

zegavlena

pasuxi

DPSIR CarCo rogorc is gamoiyeneba zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa

analizSi

gansazRvreba

antrong>ofong>ogenuri qmedeba, romelsac SesaZloa zegavlenas axdens garemoze

(mag. song>ofong>lis meurneobaze, industriaze)

wamyvani Zalis pirdapiri efeqti (magaliTad, efeqti, romelic iwvevs wylis

dinebis an qimiuri Semadgenlobis cvlilebas).

wylis obieqtis mdgomareoba romelic gamomdinareobs rogorc bunebrivi,

aseve antrifigenuri faqtorebidan (magaliTad fizikuri, qimiuri, da

biologiuri maxasiaTeblebidan).

zewolis zegavlena garemoze

zomebi, romelni miRebulia wylis obieqtebis mdgomareobis

gasaumjobeseblad (magaliTad, daclis SeCereba, wertilovan wyaroTa

gadaclis SeCereba, saukeTeso praqtikis orientiris SemuSaveba song>ofong>lis

meurneobisaTvis)

am gansazRvrebebidan naTeli xdeba, rom zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa ama analizSi

aucilebelia informaciis Setana wamyvan Zalebze, mdgomareobaTa cvlilebebze da sapasuxo

reqciaTa gaTvaliswinebaze. gansxvaveba, romelic gakeTebulia mdgomareobasa da zegavlenas

Soris acalkevebs efeqtebs, romelnic zogjer kombinirebulia, an areulia erTmaneTSi. erTerTi

mizezi amisa aris is, rom zegavlenaTagan mravali advilad ar izomeba. statusi

xSirad gamoiyeneba rogorc indikatori an surogati zegavlenisaTvis. es naCvenebia mraval

arsebul meTodologiaSi ( magaliTad xarisxis samzineebi da klasifikaciis sistemebi),

sadac fiziko-qimiuri parametrebi gamoiyeneba ekologiuri statusis Sesafaseblad. vinaidan

es meTodebi gulisxmoben kargi urTierTgagebis damokidebulebas mdgomareobasa da

zegavlenas Soris, praqtikaSi isini ar gamoiyeneba da mimdinare samecniero kvlevis sagans

warmoadgenen. am gaurkvevlobis garda, parametrebi, romelnic gansazRvraven ekologiur

statuss sabolood ver dadgindeba, sanam ar dasruldeba zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa

pirveli mimoxilva. midgoma, romelic miRebulia am instruqciaSi gvawvdis CarCos

analizisaTvis, romelic asaxavs Tanamedrove gagebas, Tu rogor funqcionireben wylis

ekosistemebi da SesaZlebels xdis specifikuri ekologiuri kriteriumebis momaval

integracias.

15


16

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

aRsaniSnavia DPSIR CarCos konteqstSi, rogorc es zemoTaa aRwerili, miznebi romelnic

gansazRvrulia WFD-Ti ukavSirdeba orTaves, mdgomareobas da zegavlenas, radgan

standartebi evropis wylis xarisxis miznis sxva kanonmdeblobidan ukavSirdeba wylis

obieqtebze damabinZureblebis koncentracias ( anu maT mdgomareobas), maSin rodesac WFD-s

biologiuri elementebi naTlad migviTiTebs zegavlenebze.

nomenklaturis am problemis miuxedavad, WFD-s mniSvneloba naTelia. Tu wylis obieqti ver

asrulebs mis mizans, maSin am Cavardnis mizezi ( zewola an zewolaTa kombinacia) unda

gamokvleul iqnas. amgvarad, rodesac direqtiva acxadebs, rom mniSvnelovani zewolebi

gamokvleul unda iqnas, aq igulisxmeba, rom es unda gakeTdes yvela zewolisaTvis

gancalkevebulad, an kombinaciaSi sxva zewolebTan, ramac SesaZloa Seaferxos specifikuri

amocanis Sesruleba. aseT interpretacias Semoaqvs damokidebulebis sazRvrebi, romelic

gaTvalswinebulia seqcia 2.3.2-Si. aseve aRniSvnis Rirsia, rom moqmedi kriteriumebi,

romelnic gamoiyeneba mniSvnelovani zewolebis Sesafaseblad zedapiruli da gruntis

wylebisaTvis, riskis qveS arian, rom ver Seasruleben dasaxul amocanebs. zewolebis da

misi Sedegebis analizi warmoadgens ,,riskis Sefasebis” process, magram es orientirebi

yovelTvis ganixileboda, rogorc zewilaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi.

sxva terminebi gansazRvrulia terminologiis leqsikonSi damateba II-Si.

2.3. saTanado gaTvaliswinebebi

2.3.1 wylis obieqtis gansazRvreba

zemoTaRwerili moTxovnebi ukavSirdeba zedapiruli wylis obieqtebs an gruntis wylis

obieqtebs. WFD gansazRvravs orive am pirobas, da rogorc gansazRvrebis nawili aRniSnavs,

zedapiruli wylebi unda iyos diskretuli, magram ar aris saWiro iyos, magaliTad mTeli

mdinare, maSin roca gruntis wylis obieqtebi unda gancalkevebulni iyvnen. instruqciis

Savi nimuSi momzadebulia CIS farglebSi calkeuli gansxvavebuli wlis obieqtebis

dasadgenad: horizontaluri orientiri terminis gamoyenebaze ,,wylis obieqti” wylis CarCo

direqtivis konteqstSi (WFD) instruqcia #2 . es exeba masStabebis sakiTxebs da wylis

obieqtebis gansazRvris mniSvnelobas, miniSnebiT ara mxolod wylis obieqtis tipze, da

morfologiur cvlilebebze, aramed aseve zewolebsa da zegavlenebze. wylis obieqtebis

saboloo gansazRvrebebis ar arsebobisas, es instruqcia exeba zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa

16


17

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

analizs, romelnic damoukidebelni unda iyvnen nebismieri gamorCeuli sakiTxidan, rac

dakavSirebulia wylis obieqtebis gansazRvrasTan.

2.3.2 maStabebis sakiTxebi

sxvadasxva saxis zewolebi zegavlenas ar axdenen gansxvavebul wylis obieqtebze igive

sivrcisa da drois farglebSi. Tumca, zewolaTa analizi unda Catardes, rom uzrunvelyos

: a) saboloo moxseneba, romelic Seqmnilia Segrovili informaciiT SesatyvisobaSi WFD

amocanebTan da b) monacemebis Segroveba SesaZlebelia grZelvadianad.

zegavlenaTa umetesobaze monitoringi ver xerxdeba da pirdapir verc ki mowmdeba. bevr

SemTxvevaSi, FmaTi dadgena xdeba mdgomareobis cvlilebebze dakvirvebiT da am

cvlilebaTa SesaZlebloba gamowveulia cnobili zewolebiT. zewolaTa da mdgomareobaTa

monacemebis koleqciis swori dro da sivrce aris yvelaze mniSvnelovani topikebi,

romelnic SesaZlebels xdian damyardes safuZvliani (amgvarad, aRiarebuli WeSmaritad)

damokidebulebani, da SemdgomSi RonisZiebaTa Sesatyvisi programa. Sesabamisi drois da

sivrcis farglebis SerCeva ufro advildeba, rodesac zewola Sedegia datvirTvisa

romelic xdeba garkveul droSi garkveul samizneze, rasac aqvs garkveuli farglebi.

magaliTad, wylis garkveuli moculobis amoRebas SesaZloa ar hqondes zegavlena Tu

amotumbulia mTeli wlis manZilze, magram mniSvnelovania zewola,Tu mdinaridanaa

amoRebuli mxolod zafxulis TveebSi.

zewolaTa swori dadgena moiTxovs Sesatyvisi samizneebis Sesabamis identifikacias, da

zegavlenaTa sididisa da mgrZnobiarobis gansazRvras. sivrcobrivi farglebi

gamomdinareobs am identifikaciidan. praqtikuli mosazrebebiT, kompromisebi unda gakeTdes

monacemebis koleqciis tvirTis minimumade dasayvanad. viTvalsiwinebT ra monacemTa mraval

wyaros, romelTac SeuZliaT damatebiTi informaciis mowodeba zewolaTa Sesafaseblad,

rac SeiZleba gamoviyenoT zedapiruli an gruntis wylebis zemoqmedebaTa analizisaTvis,

zogierTi saerTo wesi mowodebulia.

rac Seexeba droebiT masStabebs, mniSvnelovania rom miviRoT Sesatyvisi droebiTi

masStabebi zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizze, radgan zogierTi zewolis Sedegi iqneba

zegavlena mravali wlis Semdgom momavalSi. xolo zogierTi momavali zegavlena

dakavSirebuli iqneba zewolebTan warsulSi, romelnic ukve aRar arseboben. amasTan,

monacemTa umetesi wyaro gvawvdis wliur monacemebs. drois es farglebi SeiZleba xSirad

damakmayong>ofong>ilebeli aRmoCndes, rom Seexos grZelvadian zegavlenebs. magaliTad, did tbebze

an gruntis wlis obieqtebze zegavlenas axdens kumulaciuri Cadenebi, romelic grZeldeba

aTeulobiT wlebi. amis sapirispirod, mdinaris an zRvis napiris dabinZureba, turizmi da

song>ofong>lis meurneobis narCenebis zegavlena gamomdinareobs ukiduresi moTxovnilebidan mwir

resursebze. ukanasknel SemTxvevaSi, wliuri monacemebi ar gvawvdis informacias

mniSvnelovan zewolebze drois ufro mokle periodze.

swored mimarTuli yvela zegavlena drois farglebTan mimarTebaSi moiTxovs:

• erT wlis monacemebi, wliuri paternis miTiTebiT moicavs sul cota

saSualo mniSvnelobas, kidura mniSvnelobas da mis xangrZlivobas,

optimumia erTi Tvis mniSbneloba

• grZelvadiani, mravalwliani monacemebi, Tu marTebulia, mdinareTa

Sereuli wyaroebis CaTvliT (magaliTad, adre arsebuli sawarmoo

saqmianobisas gamorecxili toqsiuri nivTierebebis naleqidan

gamoTavisufleba).

rac Seexeba sivrcis sazRvrebs, monacemTa mniSvnelovani maxasiaTebelia mdebareoba,

gansakuTrebiT maSin Tu wylis obieqti moicavs Zalian gansxvavebul komponentebs

(magaliTad, mdinaris ZiriTadi arxi da misi Senakadebi, SemosazRvruli gruntis wylebis

datvirTvis arealebi da a.S.), romelnic gansxvavebulad reagireben zewlebze. zewolis

adgili SesaZloa gaanalizdes, rogorc dazustebuli informacia an rogorc cru

informacia (informacia xvedriTi wonis Sesaxeb) pirvel rigSi, dgindeba wylis obieqtis

Sesatyvisi komponenti. mogvianebiT, unda dadgindes areali, romelic zewolas ganicdis da

sul cota, SesaZlebeli gaxdes zewolis dakavSireba mis samiznesTan. magaliTad,

SemosazRvruli gruntis wylebis Sesaxeb mniSvnelovani monacemia gamodineba mxolod

datvirTvis adgilidan, da ara mTeli wylis obieqtidan.

17


18

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

es principiebi ufro naTladaa garCeulia momdevno TavebSi.

1.2.2. gansxvavebuli sastarto wertilebi.

drois ganrigi pirveli zewolebis da zemoqmedebis analizis dasrulebisaTvis da misi

Sedegebis moxsenebisaTvis Zalian xanmoklea. pirveli analizi safuZvlianad eyrdnoba

arsebul informacias zewolebsa da zemoqmedebebze da Sefasebis arsebul meTodebs.

vinaidan sazogadoebrivi wylis wina kanonmdebloba fokusirdeboda dabinZurebaze,

informacia da gamocdileba sxva zewolebze da zemoqmdebebze Zalian gansxvavebulia

wever qveynebs Soris da TviT qveynis SigniTac, erovnul kanonmdeblobasa da politikaze

damokidebulebiT.

2.3.4. wylis obieqtebis dajgufeba

wylis obieqtebis dajgufeba, romelic warmoebs maRal samecniero safuZvelze, aseve

mniSvnelovani iqneba yvelaze efeqturi Rirebulebis mqone midgomis uzrunvelyong>ofong>isaTvis

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizis mimarT. wylis obieqtebis dajgufebis SesaZlebloba

damokidebulia mdinaris auzis raionis maxasiaTeblebze da maTze arsebul zewolaTa

sidideze.

2.3.5. gaurkvevlobis gaTvaliswineba

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa pirveli analizi unda dasruldes 2004 wlis bolomde. amasaTan,

am droisaTvis mtkiced ver ganisazRvreba direqtivis amocanebis SesrulebisaTvis

aucilebeli garemos pirobebi. magaliTad, ekologiur mdgomarebaTa klasebs Soris

sazRvrebis mniSvnelobebi zedapiruli wylebisaTvis ar aris mosalodneli, rom sabolood

ganisazRvros interkalibraciuli savarjiSoebis dasrulebamde (WFD damateba V1.4) da

monitoringis programebis dawyebamde 2006 wlisaTvis (muxli 8) . prioritetuli

substanciebis garemos xarisxis standartebi, romelnic ayalibeben zedapiruli wylebis

kargi qimiuri statusis

gansazRvrebis nawils, ar iqneba dasrulebuli me-16 muxlis Svileuli direqtivebis

18


19

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

SeTanxmebamde. gruntis wylis amocanebis elementebi, aseve elian klasificirebas me-17

muxlis Svileul direqtivaSi.

Sefasebuli garemos efeqtebis sizuste da sarwmunooba sxvadasxva zewolaTa tipebis dros

aseve Zalian cvalebadia, da didadaa damokidebuli nacionaluri da lokaluri informaciis

xarisxze da Sefasebis kompetenturobaze. amitomacaa, rom zewolaTa da zegavlenaTagan

mravalis gaTvaliswineba, romelnic SesabamisobaSi arian wylis CarCo direqtivasTan,

adre ar iyo moTxovnili sazogadoebrivi wylis kanonmdeblobiT.

wevr qveynebs dasWirdebaT pirveli analizis dasruleba zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa

Sesatyvisi Sefasebebis gamoyenebiT, magram direqtivis amocanebis Sesasruleblad, isini

saqmis kursSi unda iyvnen da gaiTvaliswinon gaurkvevlobebi garemos pirobebSi da

gaurkvevlobebi Sefasebul zegavlenebSi. am gaurkvevlobebis Sedegia is, rom wevri

qveynebis Tvalsazrisi, Tu romeli obieqtebi arian riskis qveS da romeli- ara, savaraudod

Seicavs ufro met Secdomebs zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa Sesaxeb pirvel moxsenebaSi

(IMPRESS moxseneba), vidre es moxdeba momdevno dagegmil ciklebSi. wevri qveynebisTvis

mniSvnelovania, rom saqmis yurSi iyvnen gaurkvevlobaTa Sesaxeb, raTa maTi monitoringis

programebi awyobili da mizanmimarTuli iyos SefasebaTa sarwmunoobis gaumjobesebisaTvis

saWiro informaciis mosawodeblad. is wylis obieqtebi, sadac Sefaseba Seicavs

mniSvnelovan gaurkvevlobas, unda dajgufdnen, rogorc amocanebis Seuusruleblobis

riskis qveS myong>ofong>ni. zewolaTa Sefasebis TvalsaCino uunaroba ar warmoadgens

gaurkvevlobas.

2.3.6. amocanebis gageba

amas winaT aRiniSna, rom zewolebi, romelnic Setanil unda iqnas analizSi,

damoukideblad an kombinaciaSi iwveven zegavlenebs, romelnic xels uSlian amocanebis

Sesrulebas. amis gakeTeba naTlad moiTxovs amocanebis garkveul gagebas da es sakiTxia

ganxiluli am seqciaSi. rom SevajamoT, adamianTa moqmedebebis zegavlenis mimoxilva

moicavs muxli 4 WFD-s garemos yvela amocanas, romelicaa:

• kargi ekologiuri statusis da zedapiruli wylebis kargi qimiuri

statusis miRweva;

• kargi ekologiuri potencialis da zedapiruli wylebis kargi qimiuri

statusis miRweva xelovnuri wylis obieqtebisaTvis.

• gruntis wylebis kargi mdgomareobis miRweva (mag. gruntis wylis kargi

qimiuri statusi da gruntis wylis kargi raodenobrivi statusi);

da, Tu maT mivyavarT ufro zusti amocanebisaken:

• zedapiruli da gruntis wylebis mdgomareobis gauaresebis prevencia;

• amocanebis da standartebis miRweva daculi arealebisaTvis;

• nebismieri mniSvnelovani da xangrZlivad Semonaxuli tendenciis

Semobruneba gruntis wylebSi damabinZureblebis koncentraciaTa Sesaxeb;

da

• zedapirul wylebSi gansakuTrebulad saSiSi substanciebis gamoyong>ofong>is

SeCereba;

da 2013 wlis meore mimoxilvisTvis da yoveli SemdgomisTvis:

• kargi ekologiuri potencialis da zedapiruli wylis kargi qimiuri

statusis miRweva Zlier modificirebulTaTvis (HMWBs).

WFD gansazRvravs oTxi tipis amocanas: ekologiur statuss, ekologiur potencials,

qimiur statuss, da raodenobriv statuss, magram es yvelaferi ar miesadageba yvela wylis

obieqts (ix. cxrili 2.3). gruntis wylebs gamokveTilad gaaCniaT gansxvavebuli amocanebi; ar

arsebobs ekologiuri statusis koncefcia, qimiuri statusis gansazRvreba Zalian

gansxvavebulia zedapiruli wylebisaTvis da erTmniSvnelovnad gruntis wylebisaTvis

arsebobs raodenobrivi statusis damoukidebeli Sefaseba. amasTan, rogorc es Semoxazulia

qvemoT zedapiruli wylebisTvis, raodenobrivi informacia

saWiroa, rogorc hidromorfologiuri Sefasebis nawili. ekologiuri potenciali

gamoyenebadia mxolod zedapiruli wylebisTvis, romelnic aRniSnulia rogorc xelovnuri

an Zlier modificirebuli. aseT aRniSvnamde, romelic saWiroa dasruldes 2009 wlisaTvis,

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi yvelaze Cveulebriv gulisxmobs kriteriums bunebrivi

wylis obieqtebisaTvis (mag. ekologiuri statusi). amocanebis buneba calcalkea

19


20

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

ganxiluli zedapiruli da gruntis wylebisTvis momdevno seqciebSi. unda aRiniSnos

ramodenime ZiriTadi sakiTxi, romelic esadageba yvela wylis obieqts:

I. TiToeuli misadagebuli amocanis mizania, ZiriTadad, ,,kargi

statusis” miRweva 2015 wlisaTvis. pasuxi kiTxvaze aris Tu ara wylis obieqti am amocanis

Seusruleblobis riskis qveS moicavs or gansazRvrebas: Tavidan unda Sefasdes wylis

obieqtis mimdinare mdgomareoba, rasac unda mosdevdes Sefaseba, savaraudod, miaRwevs Tu

ara is Tavis miznebs 2015 wlisaTvis. zedapiruli wylebisTvis 2015 wlamde periodis

arseboba iZleva zewolaTa dadgenis SesaZleblobas, amocanebis Sesrulebis misaRwevad

zomebis SemoRebas da monitoringis warmoebas, raTa warmoCindes, rom miznebi miRweulia.

magram es aseve niSnavs, rom garkveul wilad gaTvaliswinebul iqnas zewolaTa cvlilebebi,

romelTac adgili eqnebaT am periodSi.

maSin rodesac es aseve WeSmaritia gruntis wylebisTvis, wylis xangrZlivi arseboba mraval

miwisqveSa auzSi, niSnavs rom zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi unda iTvaliswinebdes

dRevandel zewolebs, romelnic gamoiwveven problemebs momavalSi. es sakiTxi

specialuradaa ganxiluli gruntis wylebis seqciaSi qvemoT.

II. danarCeni amocanebi SesaZlebelia mivusadagoT, Tu sxva sazogadoebrivi kanonmdeblobiT

wylis obieqti aRiniSneba, rogorc dacul arealSi myong>ofong>i; es aseve ganxilulia SemdgomSi,

qvemoT.

III. jer-jerobiT ar aris dawesebuli ricxvobrivi farglebi, rom ganisazRvros statusis

TiToeuli gansxvavebuli elementis sazRvrebi, magram es sabolood dawesdeba, daefuZneba

ra saCvenebeli pirobebis samuSao jgufis saxelmZRvanelos da interkalibraciul kvlevas

(WFD CIS instruqcia # 10 da 6 Sesatyvisad). amasobaSi, gamoyenebul unda iqnas saeqsperto

Sefaseba kompetenturi xelmZRvanelobis farglebSi, raTa dawesdes SefasebaTa pirvel

raundSi gamosayenebeli Sualeduri mniSvnelobebi. rekomendirebulia, rom sadac

SesaZlebelia, Sualeduri mniSvnelobebi warmoadgendnen saboloo mniSvnelobaTa

racionalur Sefasebebs.

adaptirebulma mniSvnelobebma, romelnic Zalian mkacradaa gansazRvruli,

SeiZleba migviyvanon arasaWiro minitoringTan da zomebTan, maSin rodesac adaptirebuli

mniSvnelobebi, romelnic Zalian zogadia, gamoiwveven aucilebeli qmedebebis dagvianebas.

eqspertebis Sefasebis gamoyeneba unda iyos Ria da gamWvirvale.

IV. maSin roca es instruqcia aRwers zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizis process am

amocanebTan mimarTebaSi, unda aRiniSnos rom WFD

agreTve gvawvdis pirobebs, rodesac arsebobs gamonaklisebi an dadgenilebaTa Sesusteba

(muxli 4, nawili 6 da 7). mTlianobaSi, aRniSnuli migviTiTebs statusis droebiT

gauaresebaze, da gauaresebaze romelic gamowveulia axali mdgradi movlenebis gamo,

Sesatyvisad. amasTan, aseTi pirobebi unda ganisazRvros, rogorc zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa

analizis nawili, da ar unda iqnas aRebuli rogorc ZiriTadi argumentacia analizis

Tavidan asacileblad.

cxrili 2.3. amocanebi romelnic miesadageba sxvadasxva wylis obieqtis tipebs.

mdinare tba gamavali

wyali

sanapiro

wyali

Zlier

modificirebuli

an xelovnuri

gruntis

wyali

ekologiuri

statusi

ekologiuri

potenciali

zedapiruli

wylis

qimiuri

statusi

gruntis

wylis

X X

X X X X X


X X X X X

20


21

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

qimiuri

statusi

gruntis

wylis

raodenobrivi

statusi

X X X X X

amocanebi zedapiruli wylebisTvis

ekologiuri statusi da ekologiuri potenciali, orive, Seicavs sam elements;

esenia biologiuri, qimiuri da fizikuri (an fiziko-qimiuri), da hidromorfologiuri.

mTliani ekologiuri statusi ganisazRvreba ufro dabali biologiuri da qimiuri

komponentebiT. yuradReba miaqcieT, rom zedapiruli wylebis amocana ar aris mxolod

kargi mdgomareobis miRweva, magram aseve is, rom ar moxdes xarisxis gauareseba. amgvarad,

Tu wylis obieqtis mimdinare ekologiuri statusi Sefasda rogorc ,,maRali”, is ar unda

gauaresdes momavalSi, rogorc ,,kargi”.

biologiuri elementebi

aRniSnuli kvlav iyong>ofong>a sam komponentad; flora, benTosis uxerxemloebi, da Tevzebis fauna

(es komponenti gamoricxulia sanapiro wylebSi). yvela es gamoiyeneba wylis obieqtis

mosaTavseblad xuTi klasidan erT-erTSi; maRali, kargi, saSualo, arasaxarbielo da cudi.

procesi, romlis meSveobiTac miRweulia es klasifikacia mowodebulia REFCOND –mier (

mimarTeT WFD CIS instruqcias #10) da interkalibraciuli samuSao jgufis mier ( mimarTeT

WFD CIS instruqcias #6). zogadad, maRali aris ,,Seuxebeli” an ,,TiTqmis Seuxebeli”, kargi

migviTiTebs ,, mcire Sexebaze”, saSualo migviTiTebs ,,saSualo cvlilebebze” ,

arasaxarbielo migviTiTebs ,,did cvlilebebze”, da cudi migviTiTebs ,,mwvave cvlilebebze”.

rodesac procesi gansazRvrulia, monitorirebuli monacemebis analizi wylis obieqtis

klasifikaciis saSualebas iZleva da SeiZleba aRZras moTxovna gamoikvlion, Tu ratom ver

asrulebs wylis obieqti Tavis amocanas. aRniSnuli savaraudod miRwevadia, xolo amis

sawinaaRmdego

gacilebiT ufro problematuria. sCans, gacilebiT Znelia imis Tqma,

rom qimiuri da hidromorfologiuri mdgomareobis cvlilebebi iwveven biologiuri

mdgomareobis xarisxis daqveiTebas (magaliTad sakvebis mdgomareobasa da Tevzebis

simravles Soris kavSiri zogadad kargad gaazrebuli ar aris). erT-erTi gamonaklisia

prioritetuli nivTierebebis sazRvrebis masiuri gadaWarbeba (usafrTxoebis faqtorebis

zRvarze gacilebiT meti), romelTac pirdapiri toqsikuri efeqti aqvT

saCvenebel saxeobebze, romelTac iyeneben biologiuri Sefasebisas.

Q

qimiuri da fiziko-qimiuri elementebi.

cnobilia Oori komponenti, zogadi da specifikuri damabinZureblebi (ix. cxrili 2.4).

specifikuri damabinZureblebisTvis SesaZlebelia dawesdes garemos xarisxis standartebi (

WFD gvawvdis orientirs), xolo zogadi komponentebisaTvis ricxobrivi sazRvrebi ar

21


22

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

arsebobs. rogorc aRiniSna, biologiuri elementebisTvis damokidebuleba wylis xarisxis

am zogad aspeqtebsa da biologiur statuss Soris Znelad gasagebia.

cxrili 2.4 ekologiuri Sefasebis qimiuri da fiziko-qimiuri elementebis komponentebi

komponentebi qve-komponentebi klasi gansazRvreba

zogadi

Temperaturuli

pirobebi.

JangbadiT gajerebis

pirobebi.

Mmarilianoba.

mJavianobis statusi.

Nnutrientebis

statusi.

gamWvirvaloba

(mxolod tbebi)

maRali

kargi

saSualo

mTlianad an TiTqmis

mTlianad dauzianebeli.

doneebi, romelnic

dadgenilia, rom

uzrunvelyong>ofong>en

ekosistemebis

funqcionirebas

biologiuri elementebis

misaRwevad.

Mmdgomareobebi, romelnic

Seesabameba miRwevebs,

gansazRvruls

biologiuri

specifikuri

damabinZureblebi,

prioritetuli

nivTierebebi da sxva

nivTierebebi,

romlebic

gansazRvrulia

rogorc gamdinare

mniSvnelovani

raodenobiT.

sinTetikuri

Aara sinTetikuri

Hhidromorfologiuri elementebi

22

maRali

kargi

saSualo

maRali

kargi

saSualo

elementebisaTvis

Ddeteqcis sazRvrebs

qvemoT. EQS sazRvrebSi.

Ppirobebi, romelnic

Seesabameba biologiuri

elementebisaTvis

gansazRvrul Sesrulebas.

normaluri, sabaziso

donis qvemoT. EQS

sazRvrebSi. biologiuri

elementebisaTvis

gansazRvruli Sesrulebis

Sesabamisi pirobebi

Kkomponentebi, romelnic gamoyenebulia am SefasebaSi, gansxvavebulia wylis obieqtebis

sxvadasxva tipebisTvis, magram klasifikacia ganekuTvneba ZiriTad qimiur elementebs (mag.

maRali, kargi, da saSualo), klasis erTnairi gansazRvrebiT (cxrili 2.3).

hidromorfologiuri elementebi ar gamoiyeneba ekologiuri statusis gansazRvrebaSi,

magram SesaZloa iqcnen kargi an maRali ekologiuri statusis miuRwevlobis mizezad.

zewolisa da zegavlenis analizis mniSvnelobebi zedapiruli wylebisaTvis.

radgan analizisaTvis aucilebelia gaTvaliswinebul iqnas biologiur elementebze

zewolaTa efeqtebi, arsebobs gaurkvevlobebi biologiis, qimiis da hidromorfologiis

elementebs Soris kavSirebSi. wevrma qveynebma unda gaiTvaliswinon es gaurkvevlobebi

Sefasebis dros, radgan qimiuri da hidromorfologiuri elementebis klasifikacia

dakavSirebulia biologiur pirobebTan (ixileT cxrili 2.3), magram kritikuli

mniSvnelobebis gansazRvris gareSe. saWiroa ZiriTadi qimiuri komponentebis ricxobrivi

mniSvnelobebis dadgena mcire droSi (rac eqspertTa SefasebiT damakmayong>ofong>ilebelia kerZo

regionSi an eko-regionSi) imis misaTiTeblad, rom arsebobs kargi ekologiuri statusis

miuRwevlobis riski. Ees instruqcia ar gvkarnaxobs am mniSvnelobebs, Tumca varaudobs ra,

rom isini arseboben, miuTiTebs analizis meTodebis aRweris SesaZlebelobebze, da

yuradRebas amaxvilebs aseTi klasifikaciebis arsebul magaliTebze.


23

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

Zlier modificirebuli wylis obieqtebi da drois CarCoebi

wylis obieqtebisTvis, romelnic aRniSnulia, rogorc xelovnuri an Zlier

modificirebuli, ZiriTadi mizania kargi ekologiuri potencialis miRweva, vidre kargi

ekologiuri mdgomareobisa. wylis obieqtebi, romelTac apireben uwodon Zlier

modificirebuli, unda iqcnen ori riskis Sefasebis sagnad:

(1) fizikuri cvlilebebis gamo kargi ekologiuri statusis miuRwevlobis riskis Sefaseba,

da

(2) kargi ekologiuri potencialis miuRwevlobis riskis Sefaseba.

amasTan, arsebobs seriozuli praqtikuli siZneleebi am orive Sefasebis dasrulebisa yvela,

potenciurad Zlier modificirebuli wylis obieqtebisaTvis 2004 wlis bolomde.

gaiTvaliswineT, rom wylis obieqtebi, romelnic ver akmayong>ofong>ileben karg ekologiur

statuss mniSvnelovani fizikuri cvlilebebis gamo, SeiZleba ganixilon aRniSvnisTvis,

rogorc Zlier modificirebuli wylis obieqtebi muxli 4.3-is mixedviT. zewolaTa da

zegavlenaTa pirveli analizi moaxdens potenciurad Zlier modificirebul wylis

ovbieqtebis identifikacias.

Ggruntis wylebisaTvis ZiriTadi amocanebia:

1. zomebis miReba gruntis wylebSi damabinZureblebis Sesvlis prevenciisa da

SezRudvisaTvis da gruntis wylis obieqtebis statusis gauaresebis prevencia

(gruntis wylebis statusi moicavs or nawils; raodenobrivi statusi da qimiuri

statusi da gruntis wylebis mTliani statusi aRebulia, rogorc am orze uaresi);

2. gruntis wylebis yvela obieqtebis dacva, gafarToeba da aRdgena, da

gruntis wylis daclisa da avsebis balansis uzrunvelyong>ofong>a, wylis kargi

mdgomareobis miRwevis mizniT 2015 wlisaTvis im dadgenilebaTa Sesabamisad, romelic

micemulia damateba V-Si.

3. nebismieri mniSvnelovani da SemorCenili, xandazmuli tendenciis Semobruneba

nebismier damabinZurebelis koncentraciasTan mimarTebaSi, romelic adamianis

moqmedebis zegavlenis Sedegia, raTa progresulad Seamciron gruntis wylebis

dabinZureba.

Tu gruntis wylis obieqts mimdinare periodSi aqvs kargi mdgomareoba, magram navaraudevia

rom zewolaTa Sedegad es mdgomareoba gauaresdeba 2015 wlisaTvis, maSin obieqti ,, riskis

qveSaa” da moiTxovs Semdgom daxasiaTebas. Uunda aRiniSnos, rom obieqti, romelic

mimdinare periodSi gansazRvrulia, rogorc cudi mdgomareobis mqone, avtomaturad

iqneba ,,riskis qveS”.

WFD-s me-17 muxli moiTxovs komisias gruntis wylebis Sesaxeb Svileuli direqtivis

SemosaTavazeblad, romlisganac elodebian damabiZureblebis koncentraciebis Sesaxeb

mniSvnelovani tendenciebis kriteriumebis dawesebas, da damatebiT kriteriums gruntis

wylis kargi qimiuri statusis gansazRvrisaTvis. Svileuli direqtiva aseve ganmartavs

M,,gruntis wylebSi damabinZureblebis Sesvlis SezRudvis an prevenciis” moTxovnix

mniSvnelobas (1 zemoT).

Mmiznebi daculi arealebisaTvis.

Ggarda im amocanebisa, romelic mocemulia cxril 2.3 –Si, aucilebelia, rom

sazogadoebrivi dadgenilebebiT dawesebuli miznebi, gankuTvnili daculi arealebisaTvis,

aseve Sesruldes. magaliTad, Tu wylis obieqti xvdeba nitratebis mgrZobiarobis zonaSi,

maSin direqtiviT (1991/676/EEC) gansazRvruli amocanebi nitratebisaTvis unda Sesruldes.

magaliTad, gruntis wylebisTvis nitratebis direqtiva iZleva kriteriums, rogorc


24

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

WFD-s muxli 7 wevri qveynebisgan moiTxovs daadginon sasmeli wylis daculi arealebi

gruntis da zedapiruli wylebis obieqtebisaTvis, romelnic awodeben saSualod 10 m 3 –ze

mets dRis ganmavlobaSi, anda emsaxurebian 50 adamianze mets, an obieqtebs romelnic

momavalSi gamiznulni arian aseTi moxmarebisaTvis. aseTi arealebis amocanebia Tavidan

aicilon xarisxis gauareseba imisTvis, rom Seamciron saWiro gamwmendi RonisZebebis done.

cxrili 2.5

arsebuli sazogadoebrivi kanonmdebloba moniSnuli, daculi arealebisaTvis

direqtiva

2000.60/EC (wylis CarCo direqtiva)

76/160/EEC (sabanao wylis direqtiva)

78/559/EEC (mtknari wylis Tevzis

direqtiva)

79/923/EEC (moluskebis wylis direqtiva)

79/409/EEC (frinvelebis direqtiva)

92/43/EEC (mcxovrebTa direqtiva)

91/271/EEC (urbanuli gaxarjuli wylis

direqtiva)

91/676/EEC (nitratebis direqtiva)

wylebis dacvis mizezi

sasmeli wylis daculi areebi

sabanao wylebi

Mmtknari wylebi, romelTac sWirdebaT

dacva, Tevzebis sicocxlis

SesanarCuneblad.

Mmoluskebis wyali

frinvelebis sicocxlis dacva

veluri faunisa da floris bunebrivi

mcxovreblebi

Nnutrientebis (sakvebi elementebi) mimarT

mgrZnobiare arealebi

nitratebiT dabinZurebisagan dacva

WFD-s moTxovniT, Sefasebis am elementebis miRebis pirveli safexuri warmoadgens

winsvlas, radgan erTaderTi saWiro informaciaa, aris Tu ara wylis obieqti dacul

arealSi. Tu asea, saWiro analizi Catardeba da moxsendeba. Tu ara, aranairi moqmedeba ar

aris saWiro. Aarsebuli kanonmdebloba, romelic Semdeg gansazRvravs dacul arealebs,

CamoTvlilia cxrilSi 2.5. ukve aRiniSna, rom aseTi daculi arealebis registris Sedgena

WFD-s moTxovnas warmoadgens.

amasTan, zogierTi daculi arealisaTvis, kerZod imaTTvis, romelnic aRiniSnen, rogorc

buneba 2000-is saitebi mcxovrebTa direqtiviT, moTxovnaa Seasrulon wyalTan

dakavSirebuli biologiuri kriteriumebi yovel kerZo mcxovrebTan mimarTebaSi. naTelia,

rom es ufro kompleqsuri wamowyebaa, vidre zRvrul mniSvnelobebTan maTi Sedareba,

rogorc zemoTaa warmodgenili nitratebis direqtivisaTvis, magram kvlav unda aRiniSnos,

rom arsebuli moxsenebebi direqtivis pirobebis dacviT, safuZvels unda qmnides saWiro

analizisaTvis.

Aamocanebis Sejameba

Ggaremo pirobebi, romelnic unda Seesabamebodnen miznebs, wylis obieqtisTvis gamosadegia

mis tipze damokidebulebiT, da gansazRvrulia garkveuli raodenobiT wyaroebze

dayrdnobiT. ASesaZlebelia amocana gaxldeT fiqsirebuli ricxobrivi sazRvrebis arseboba,

an gamomdinareobdes ,,kargi statusis” koncefciidan, romelic moiTxovs ufro rTul

gansazRvrebas. zewolisa da zegavlenis yoveli kerZo analizisaTvis aucilebelia aseTi

ricxobrivi sazRvrebis arseboba ZiriTadi qimiuri elementebisaTvis (mag. Gganzavebuli

Jangbadi), magram arcerTi aseTi sazRvari ar arsebobs WFD-Si. Ees mniSvnelobebi unda

ganisazRvros eqspertebis msjelobiT kompetenturi mmarTvelobis CarCoebSi.

rekomendirebulia, rom aseTi msjelobiT winaswar gansazRvrul iqnas mniSvnelobebi,

romelnic miRebuli iqneba xangrZlivi droiT.

2.3.7. WanWyobebi

WanWyobebis ekosistemebi ekologiurad da funqciurad warmoadgenen wyliani garemos

nawilsPpotenciurad mniSvnelovani roliT, mdinareTa auzebis stabiluri menejmentis

misaRwevad. wylis CarCo direqtiva ar awesebs garemos amocanebs WanWyobebisaTvis. amasTan

WanWyobebi, romelic damokidebulni arian gruntis wylis obieqtebze, ayalibeben

zedapiruli wylis obieqtebis nawils, an arian dacul arealebSi, sargebloben ra WFD

dadgenilebebiT daicvan da aRadginon wylis statusi. Sesatyvisi gansazRvrebebi

SemuSavebulia CIS horizontalur instruqciaSi wylis obieqtebis Sesaxeb (WFD instruqcia

#2), WanWyobebis Sesaxeb instruqciis Semdgomi ganxilva mimdinareobs amJamad.

24


25

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

WanWyobebze zewolebi ( magaliTad fizikuri modifikacia an dabinZureba) zemoqmedebas

axdens wylis obieqtebis ekologiur statusze. aseTi zewolebis samarTavi zomebi

saWiroeben ganxilvas, rogorc mdinareTa auzebis menejmentis gegmis nawilisa, sadac maT

moeTxovebaT Seasrulon direqtiviT gansazRvruli garemos amocanebi.

WanWyobebis Seqmna da gafarToeba Sesatyisi pirobebis dros, gvTavazobs grZelvadian,

efeqturi Rirebulebis da socialurad misaReb meqanizmebs, direqtiviT gansazRvruli

garemos amocanebis Sesrulebis xelSesawyobad.

Gfaqtiurad, WanWyobi gvexmareba dazianebis zegavlenis SemcirebaSi, xels uwyobs gvalvisa

da wyaldidobis efeqtebis Serbilebas, exmareba safuZvliani sanapiro menejmentis

dafuZnebas da uzrunvelyong>ofong>s gruntis wylebis Sevsebas. WanWyobebis Sesabamisoba

programisa da RonisZiebebis farglebSi gamokvleulia SemdegSi, calke arsebul

horizontalur instruqciaSi WanWyobebis Sesaxeb, romelic amJamad momzadebis procesSia.

2.4. saWiro procesisa da moqmedebebis Sejameba

idealSi, zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi iqneba oTx safexuriani procesi: 1.

,,xelSemwyobi Zalebis” aRwera, kerZod xmeleTis gamoyeneba, urbanuli ganviTareba,

industria, song>ofong>lis meurneoba da sxva RonisZiebebi, romelTac mivyavarT zewolebamde, maT

faqtiur zegavlenebTan mimarTebis gareSe.

2. wylis obieqtebze da wylis moxmarebaze zewolebis identifikacia SesaZlo zegavlenebis

gansazRvriT, zewolaTa sididis da wylis obieqtis mgrZnobiarobis gaTvaliswinebiT.

3. zegavlenaTa Sefaseba, romelnic zewolaTa Sedegia;

4. miznis Seusruleblobis albaTobis Sefaseba.

Ppirvel rigSi (2004 wlisaTvis) wylis obieqtze, da SesaZloa, aRmaval da daRmaval

dinebaze ganlagebul wylis obieqtebze zewolaTa CamonaTvali da zegavlenaTa Sefaseba

uzrunvelyong>ofong>s yvela potenciurad mniSvnelovani problemis identifikacias. TiToeuli

zewolis Sedegad warmoqmnil, SesaZlo zegavlenaTa Sefaseba, qmnis CamonaTvals, romelic

gamoyenebul iqneba im wertilebis saidentifikaciod, romelTa monitoringi aucilebelia

ukeT gasagebad, atarebs Tu ara wylis obieqti kargi mdgomareobis miuRwevlobis risks. Ees

CamonaTvali SemdgomSi qmnis RonisZiebaTa programis SemuSavebis safuZvels, romelic

SesaZloa Catardes kargi statusis misaRwevad.

Ppirveli etapisaTvis (2004 wlisaTvis) skriningiT midgoma wylis obieqtze albaT

gaamartivebs amocanas, radgan es niSnavs am arealebze zewolaTa identifikaciaze

fokusirebas da zewolaTa tipebis dadgenas, romelnic savaraudod xels uSlian miznebis

Serulebas. amasTan, es mniSvnelovani amocanaa adamianTa moqmedebiT gamowveuli zegavlenis

pirveli mimoxilvisas, da wevri qveynebi miznad unda isaxavdnen mniSvnelovan zewolaTa

saukeTeso Sefasebis miRwevas mocemul droSi.

codnis gasaumjobeseblad, zewolaTa sididis da tipis Sefaseba jvaredinad unda

gadamowmdes monacemTa monitoringiT, da informaciiT zewolaTa ZiriTadi gamomwvevebis

Sesaxeb. magaliTad, wertilovani wyaroebidan organuli nivTierebebis Setanis Sefaseba

urbanuli gaxarjuli wylis gamajansaRebeli sistemebidan, romelic eyrdnoba informacias

gadenis Sesaxeb, SeiZleba jvaredinad gadamowmdes monacemebiT populaciis sidideze da

erT adamianze saSualo Senatanze imis Sesafaseblad, Tu ramdenadaa dadgenili Sesatyvisi

gadenis didi nawili.

mniSvnelovani zewolebis identifikacia moicavs monitoringis monacemebisadmi

kombinirebul midgomas, modelis gamoyenebas da eqspertTa msjelobas. unda dadgindes da

moxsendes is zewolebi da ufro metad wylis obieqtebi, romelnic atareben garemos

amocanaTa Seusruleblobis risks. Mmoxsenebis es procesi winaswar ganWvretili unda iyos

wevri qveynebis mier, magram aseve warmodgenili unda iyos wevri qveynebis gadawyvetilebaTa

miRebis procesis gamWvirvaloba (magaliTad, maTi eqspertebis msjelobaTa Semowmeba).

3. zogadi midgoma zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizis mimarT

3.1. Sesavali

25


26

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

wina TavebSi aRweril iqna WFD-s miznebis nakrebi, da gadawyvetili sakiTxebi, romelic

exeba zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizis Catarebis ZiriTad moTxovnebs. instruqciis

darCenili nawili gvawvdis rCevas, Tu rogor unda moxerxdes amis ganxorcieleba. Ees Tavi

ganmartavs ZiriTad midgomebs, romelic unda ganxorcieldes wylis obieqtis tipis da

xelmisawvdomi monacemebis mixedviT. aRniSnulis Sesrulebisas ZiriTadi mizania imis

Cveneba, Tu sad aris procesi da rogoria zogadi moTxovnilebani monacemebis mimarT

sxvadasxva wylis obieqtisaTvis mdinaris auzis farglebSi.

WFD-Si Camoyalibebuli zogadi midgomis ZiriTadi safexurebia:

• xelSemwyobi Zalebis da zewolebis identifikacia

• mniSvnelovan zewolaTa identifikacia

• zegavlenaTa Sefaseba; da

• amocanebis Seusruleblobis albaTobis Sefaseba

es sakiTxebi ganxilulia momdevno nawilebSi (3.2 dan 3.6-mde) da warmodgenilia grafikSi 3.1.

4. ZiriTadi safexuris Sesasruleblad gasaTvaliswinebelia sami xelSemwyobi elementi

(naCvenebia grafiki 3.1 –is marcxena mxares). wylis obieqtis aRweriloba da misi sadrenaJo

auzi

xels Seuwyobs zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizs, da arsebobs mravali tipis informacia,

romelic SeiZleba sasargeblo aRmoCndes, magaliTad klimatis, geologiis, niadagis da

xmeleTis gamoyeneba. Pprocesis dros monitoringis monacemebi, romelnic Seesatyviseba

wylis obieqts aseve SeiZleba warmodgenil iqnas, da Tu rogor aris es gamoyenebuli,

ganxiluli iqneba zegavlenaTa Sefasebis seqciaSi (seqcia 3.4). monitoringis monacemebis

Sedareba xelSemwyob ZalebTan daexmareba skrinings, Tu sad iwvevs zewola amocanaTa

Seusruleblobas. Aaseve aucilebelia im amocanaTa gageba, romelTac unda Seadaron

arsebuli mdgomareoba (ix. seqcia 2.3.6).

moiZebneba mravali instancia, sadac es ZiriTadi safexurebi Sesrulebuli ar unda iqnas

wrfivi danayong>ofong>ebis saxiT. aseTi SemTxvevis magaliTi SesaZloa yong>ofong>iliyo wylis obieqtis

monitoringis monacemebi, romelnic gansazRvraven zegavlenas, gamosadegs mniSvnelovan

zewolaTa identifikaciis dasaxvewad. maSin, rodesac is SesaZloa Seesabamebodes

gansxvavebuli danayong>ofong>ebis aTvisebas analizisaTvis, saWiroa rom yvela ZiriTadi safexuri

Sesrulebul iqnas.

26


27

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

wylis obieqtis da

sadrenaJo auzis

aRwera

Mmonacemebis

monitoringi

xelSemwyobi

Zalebis da

zewolebis

dadgena

zegavlenaTa

Sefaseba

Ppotenciurad

mniSvnelovani

zewolebis

dadgena

Mmiznebi

Aamocanebis

Seusruleblobis

albaTobis Sefaseba

G

grafiki 3.1 zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizis ZiriTadi komponentebi. Ees komponentebi,

mocemuli lurj fonze marjvena mxares, arian analizis ZiriTadi komponentebi, da

detalurad aRwerilia instruqciaSi, xolo elementebi TeTr fonze marcxena mxares

damxmarea da instruqciaSi aRwerilia mxolod mokled.

zogadad, es instruqcia cdilobs erTnairad ganixilos zedapiruli da gruntis wylebi.

amasTan, seqcia 3.9. ganixilavs sakiTxebs, romelnic konkretulad eZRvneba gruntis wylebs,

da seqcia 3.11 da 3.12 gvawvdis amocanebis mimoxilvas, romelic Sesatyvisad saWiroa

zedapiruli wylebis da gruntis wylebis gasaanalizeblad. isini SesaZloa ganxilul iqnas

rogorc sakontrolo CamonaTvali procesisaTvis, romelsac ar mohyveba Tavisi axsnaganmarteba,

gamarTleba da safuZveli. seqcia 3.10 aRwers zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa

analizis mimarT moxseniebul moTxovnebs.

Semdgomi Tavebi ufro detalur informacias gvawvdian saSualebebze (Tavi 4), monacemebze

(Tavi 5), da ilustraciebze romelnic damyarebulia SemTxvevaTa Seswavlaze (Tavi 6).

3.1.1. vin unda iyos CarTuli zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizis Catarebasa da gamoyenebaSi.

imis Sefaseba ,,Tu vin unda iyos CarTuli” moiTxovs zogierTi sakiTxis garkvevas:

• vis SeuZlia an vin Cadebs ZiriTad da damatebiT Zalisxevas IMPRESS analizSi?

• vin gamoiyenebs zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizis Sedegebs?, da

• visze moaxdens zegavlenas IMPRESS analizis Sedegebze prospeqtuli dakvirveba?

Ppasuxebi am ,,vin?” kiTxvebze, sCans rom moicavs organizaciaTa farTo rigs, mowileebs

da sxvadasxva pirovnebebs sakiTxebis mixedviT.

magaliTad,Eeqspertebs garemos dacvis saministrodan an sxva saministroebidan (miwis

dagegmareba, bunebis dacvis danayong>ofong>ebi, GIS danayong>ofong>ebi, song>ofong>lis meurneoba da sxva),

eqspertebs mdinareTa auzebis saagentoebidan, an regionaluri mmarTvelobidan,

menejerebs, romelnic mdinareTa auzebis ganviTarebis gegmis saqmis yurSi arian, wylis

departmentebis samsaxuris ufrosebs, mkvlevarebs da konsultantebs, istorikosebs,

sazogadoebas da mewileTa farTo rigs, romelnic dainteresebulni arian da /an

gamocdilni arian specifikur sferoebSi (ix. cxrilebi me-5 TavSi) da Cabmulni arian

RBMP-s SeqmnaSi.

27


28

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

MmewileTa monawileoba analizSi, ZiriTadi mewileebis CarTviT analizis procesSi

SesaZloa warmoadgendes Sesatyvis nabijs am kiTxvebze pasuxis mosaZebnad (ixileT ,,

sazogadoebrivi monawileoba” WFD CIS instruqcia #8, damateba 1). is aseve gvexmareba

ZiriTadi nabijebis gansazRvraSi analizis procesSi, rodesac saWiroa specifikuri

mewileebis CarTva an maTi Zalisxmeva (sxvadasxva ,,vin” sxvadasxva nabijisaTvis).

Aam instruqciis adgilebi 3.2 da 3.3. gvawvdian damokidebulebis

ufro detalur AaRweras garkveul xelSemwyob Zalebsa da Sesatyvis zewolebs Soris,

romelnic dadgenilia dainteresebul mewileTa meSveobiT.

3.2. mamoZravebeli Zalebisa da zewolebis identifikacia

wylis obieqtis zogadi aRwerilobis garda, aucilebelia mamoZravebeli Zalebis dadgena,

romelTac SeuZliaT zewolis ganxorcieleba wylis obieqtze. mamoZravebeli Zalebis farTo

CamonaTvali mocemulia cxril 3.1-Si. Eis gaSlilia mamoZravebeli Zalebisa da zewolebis

ufro srul

CamonaTvalSi me-4 TavSi, romelic SeiZleba gamoyenebul iqnas, rogorc sakontrolo

CamonaTvali Sesatyvisi zewolebis aRwerilobis Camosayalibleblad. Aam sakontrolo

CamonaTvalis gamoyenebisas xelsayrelia, rom aRiniSnos yvela zewola maTi mniSvnelobis

xsenebis gareSe.

cxrili 3.1. zewolaTa mamoZravebeli Zalebis farTo kategorizaciis CamonaTvali

(gaiTvaliswineT rom es ganvrcobilia, rogorc zewolaTa sruli CamonaTvali cxrilSi 4.1)

DSereuli wyaro

wertilovani wyaro

Mqmedebebi specifikuri substanciebis

gamoyenebiT

dacla

xelovnuri Sevseba

Mmorfologiuri

(mimarTeT aseve WFD instruqcias #4

HMWB-s Sesaxeb)

sxva anTropogenuri

Uurbanuli drenaJi (moicavs Camowerilsac)

sasong>ofong>lo sameurneo, Sereuli satyeo

meurneobis, sxva Sereuli

Canarecxi (uvargisi) wyali

industriuli

maRaroelTa,

dabinZurebuli xmeleTis,

sasong>ofong>lo sameurneo obieqtis,

gamousadegi wylis menejmenti,

wylis kultura

warmoeba, gamoyeneba da gadineba yvela

industriuli/sasong>ofong>lo sameurneo

seqtoridan

Nnakadis Semcireba

Ggruntis wylebis Sevseba

Ddinebis regulacia,

Mmdinaris menejmenti,

Ggamavali wylebis da sanapiro menejmenti,

sxva morfologiuri

sxvadasxva

mamoZravebeli Zalebi (DF) warmoadgenen qmedebaTa seqtorebs, romelTac SeuZliaT

zewolaTa seriebis warmoqmna. skriningis maCveneblebiDricxobrivad Sefasebulia dagrovili

monacemebis mixedviT, romelnic martivia mosapoveblad. magaliTad, saxnavi miwebis

heqtrebis ricxvi, mosaxleobis simWidrove garkveul arealebze. Aam monacemebis Sedareba

monitoringis Sesabamisad dagrovil informaciasTan swrafad ganapiroebebs albaTobis

Sefasebas imis Sesaxeb, rom gaTvaliswinebuli DF dakavSirebulia garemos zewolebTan.

Aam SemTxvevaSi, mxolod mosalodneli zewolebi unda iqnas gamokvleuli ufro

detalurad.

skriningis procedura ar warmoadgens monacemebis dagrovebis daCqarebis erTaderT gzas im

zewolebze fokusirebiT, romelnic safuZvlianadaa mosalodneli. is gvawvdis zewolaTa

da zegavlenaTa damokidebulebis damoukidebel Sefasebas, romelic Rirebulia,

gansakuTrebiT Tu gadinebis da daclis registrebi sustadaa dasaxlebuli.

28


29

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

inforacia, romelic aRwers mamoZravebel Zalebs da zewolebs saWiroa rogorc

zedapiruli wylis, aseve gruntis wylis obieqtebisaTvis. rogorc, magaliTad sasong>ofong>lo

sameurneo aqtivobas SeuZlia zewola zedapiruli wylis, da aseve gruntis wylis

obieqtebze. Mmsgavsad, moqmedebam SeiZleba gamoiwvios zewola garkveuli raodenobiT

kaSxalis qveda wylis obieqtebze. Aam mizezebis gamo, azrs moklebuli ar aris monacemebis

Segroveba mdinareTa auzebis bazisze, an mdinareTa auzebis raionebze, da aqedan gamotanil

iqnas kerZo informacia, romelic Seesatyviseba nebismier individualur wylis obieqts.

naTelia, rom CIS gamoyeneba gaamartivebs am process. amasTan, instruqcia ar exeba am

informaciis menejments, vinaidan es exeba geografiuli sainformacio sistemebis samuSao

jgufs, CIS farglebSi (ixileT WFD CIS instruqcia #9).

3.3. mniSvnelovani zewolebis identifikacia

3.3..1 Sesavali

zewolaTa aRweriloba albaT Seicavs mravals, romelTac ara aqvT, an

Zalian mcire zegavlena aqvT wylis obieqtze. zedapiruli wylebis SemTxvevaSi, WFD

aRiarebs amas mxolod mniSvnelovan zewolaTa identifikaciis moTxovniT. am instruqciSi

mniSvnelovani axsnilia, rogorc zewola, romelic xels uwyobs iseT zegavlenas, romlis

Sedegia amocanis Seusrulebloba. Ggruntis wylebisTvis sawyisi daxasiaTeba moiTxovs

zewolaTa ZiriTad analizs, romelic Seesabameba seqcia 3.2-Si aRwerils, magram kvlav

ganxiluls amocanaTa Seusruleblobis riskis Sefasebis konteqstiT. Aamgvarad, miuxedavad

imisa, rom procesebi cal-calke da gansxvavebuladaa aRwerili zedapiruli da gruntis

wylebisTvis, SeiZleba SemoRebuli iqnas msgavsi zogadi midgoma mniSvnelovani zewolebis

saidentifikaciod, romelic moiTxovs Semdgom gamokvlevas.

amisaTvs saWiroa gagebul iqnas zegavlenis buneba, romelic zewolis Sedegia, da aseve

Sesatyvisi meTodebisa, romelTa meSveobiT xdeba zegavlenasa da zewolas Soris

damokidebulebis monitoringi an Sefaseba. SesaZlebeli zegavlena ganxilulia qvemoT,

did zewolaTa saTaurebis gamoyenebiT cxrili 3.1.-dan.

dabinZurebiT gamowveuli zewola Sereuli da wertilovani wyaroebidan.

dabinZurebiT gamowveuli zewola gamomdinareobs qmedebebidan, romelnic pirdapir iwveven

wylis obieqtis mdgomareobis gauaresebas.

umetes SemTxvevaSi aseTi zewola dakavSirebulia garemodan nivTierebaTa damatebasTan an

gamoyong>ofong>asTan. es SesaZlebelia gamoiwvios narCeni produqtis Cadenam, magram aseve SeiZleba

iyos romelime sxva saqmianobis narCeni produqtis gverdiTi efeqti, magaliTad

nutrientebis (niadagis gamamdidreblebi) gamoJona sasong>ofong>lo sameurneo niadagidan.

dabinZurebiT gamowveuli zewola aseve SeiZleba ganpirobebuli iyos modificirebuli

danaleqis gamodeniT iseTi qmedebebis gamo, rogoricaa niadagis gamoyenebis cvlileba,

magaliTad urbanizaciiT, satyeo meurneobiT, da cvlilebiT zamTrisa da gazafxulis

marcvleulis naTesebSi. dabinZurebiT gamwveuli zewolis yvelaze Cveulebrivi dajgufeba

unda gairCes Sereul da wertilovan wyaroebs Soris (ix. cxrili 3,2 da 3.3.)

amasTan gansxvaveba wertilovan da Sereul wyaroebs Soris yovelTvis naTeli ar aris, da

SeiZleba dakavSirebuli iyos sivrcobriv sazRvrebTan. magaliTad, dabinZurebuli niadagis

arealebi SesaZloa ganxilul iyos, rogorc dabinZurebis Sereuli an wertilovani

wyaroebi.

Sereuli dabinZurebis dros mamoZravebeli Zalebi Cveulebriv pirdapir kavSirSi ar arian

zewolebTan, magram dabinZureba aRwevs wylis obieqtebs hidrologiuri gzebiT.

cxrili 3.2. zewolaTa Sereuli wyaroebis magaliTebi da maTi zegavlenani

mamoZravebeli Zalis qmedeba dabinZurebis gamomwvevi gza

SesaZlo cvlileba

mdgomareobaSi an

zegavlenaSi

29


30

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

song>ofong>lis meurneoba

sasong>ofong>lo sameurneo sakvebi

elementis (nutrientis)

kargva gamowveuli:

* zedapiridan CamodeniT

* niadagis eroziiT

*xelovnuri drenaJis

dinebiT

*gamoJonviT (Senakadi,

wyaros wyali da gruntis

wyali)

(Warbad moicavs niadagis

gamamdidreblebs, nakels,

da narCenebis mineralebs)

zemoTnaxsenebi gzebiT

pesticidebis kargva

sakvebi elementebis

(nutrientebis) mier

ekosistemis modificirebiT

toqsiuroba, sasmeli da

teqnikuri wylis

danadgarebis dabinZureba

naleqis kargva niadagis,

plastebis da

mdinaris kalapotis

eroziiT

kalapotis daxSoba,

uxerxemloTa erTobliobis

cvlilebebi, sakvebi

niadagebis kargva

industriuli gamonabolqvi

atmosferoSi

transportireba

azotis da gogirdis

SenaerTebis daleqva

damabinZureblis gadena

marilis gamoyeneba

yinulisaTvis

herbicidebis gamoyeneba

danadgarebis mwyobridan

gamosvla

zedapiruli da gruntis

wylebis obieqtebis

mJavianobis gazrda, wylis

obieqtis wyalmcenareebiT

dabinZureba (eutrong>ofong>ikacia)

wylis obieqtebis didi

dabinZureba

qloridebis gazrdili

koncentracia

mJavianobis gamzredeli

qimikatebis momateba

atmosferoSi, Semdgomi

depoziciiT.

cxrili 3.3. wertilovani wyaroebis zewolisa da zegavlenis magaliTebi

mamoZravebeli Zalis

moqmedeba

industriuli

(IPPC) da ara-IPPC

urbanuli saqmianoba

nagavsayreli

zewola

Txevadi narCenebis

ganlageba zedapirul da

gruntis wylebSi

Txevadi narCenebis

ganlageba zedapirul da

gruntis wylebSi

qimiuri gamonadeni

filtratSi

mdgomareobis an zegavlenis

SesaZlo cvlileba

pirdapiri zemoqmedebis

toqsikuri substanciebi,

maRal Sewonili

(suspendirebuli)

gamonaleqi

rogorc zemoT

rogorc zemoT

30


31

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

cxovelTa dasamarxi

ormoebi

(mag. epidemiis Semdgomi)

dabinZurebuli filtrati

rogorc zemoT

yong>ofong>ili xmeleTis gamoyeneba dabinZurebuli xmeleTi sxvadasxva

Termuli energiis warmoqmna grili wylebis dabruneba

iwvevs Termuli reJimis

cvlilebas

biocidebi gril wyalSi

aweuli temperaturebi,

gaxsnili Jangbadis

Semcireba, cvlilebebi

bioqimiuri procesebis

xarisxSi

pirdapiri toqsikuri

efeqtebi wylian faunaze

gruntis samuSaoebi

Tevzebis moSeneba

naleqis ganlageba

substratis mocileba

kveba, mkurnaloba,

izolireba

kalapotis daxSoba,

uxerxemloTa erTobliobis

cvlilebebi

sacxovrebeli garemos

kargva

sakvebi elementebi

(nutrientebi), daavadebebi,

veterinaruli produqtebi,

xelovnuri TevzsaSenebi,

kvebis modificirebuli

qseli

raodenobrivi resursebis zewolebi

raodenobrivi statusi specifikurad miTiTebulia WFD-s farglebSi mxolod gruntis

wylebisTvis, magram raodenobrivi zewolebi unda Sefasdes yvela tipis wylis

obieqtisaTvis. zedapiruli wylebisTvis es zewolebi gamoiyeneba hidromorfologiuri

statusis SefasebisTvis. wylis yvela obieqtisaTvis raodenobrivi zewolebi aseve

mniSvnelovania, radgan maT aqvT zemoqmedeba xsnadobaze, sicocxlis xangrZlivobaze, da

Senaxvaze.

raodenobrivi zewolebis magaliTebi mocemulia cxril 3.4-Si.

cxrili 3. 4. raodenobrivi zewolis da maTi zegavlenis magaliTebi

mamoZravebeli Zalis

moqmedeba

song>ofong>lis meurneobis da

miwis gamoyenebis cvlileba

wylis amoReba sairigaciod,

sazogadoebrivi/kerZo

danadgarebi

zewola

mcenareuli safaris mier

modificirebuli wylis

gamoyeneba, xmeleTis

izolireba GAMOYENEBA

dinebis Semcireba an wylis

koleqtoris Senaxva

mdgomareobis an zegavlenis

SesaZlo cvlileba

gruntis wylis obieqtis

cvalebadi Sevseba

qimiuri gamonaJonebis

Semcirebuli xsnadoba,

Semcirebuli Senaxva,

modificirebuli nakadi da

ekologiuri reJimebi,

mariliani wylis SeRweva,

modificirebuli,

damokidebuli, xmeleTis

ekosistemebi

xelovnuri Sevseba gazrdili Senaxva gazrdili gamodineba

gruntis wylis dabinZureba

wylis gadacema

gazrdili nakadi wylis

miRebisaTvis

modificirebuli Termuli,

dinebis da ekologiuri

reJimebi

31


32

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

hidromorfologiuri procesi

raodenobriv statusze zegavlenis garda, hidromorfologiur zewolebs SeuZliaT

pirdapiri zemoqmedeba moaxdinon zedapirul wylebze. magaliTebi moyvanilia cxril 3.5-Si.

cxrili 3.5

hidromorfologiuri zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa magaliTebi

mamoZravebeli Zalis

moqmedeba

gruntis samuSaoebi

fizikuri barierebi

(dambebi, jebiri )

arxis modifikacia (e.w.

gamarTva)

zewola

danaleqis ganlageba

substratebis mocileba

wylis donis cvlileba

dinebis maxasiaTeblebis

cvalebadoba (moculoba,

siCqare, siRrme). barieris

aRma da DdaRma nakadi.

dinebis maxasiaTeblebis

cvalebadoba (moculoba,

siCqare, siRrme).

biologiuri zewolebi

mdgomareobis an zegavlenis

SesaZlo cvlileba

kalapotis Seviwroeba,

uxerxemloebis krebulis

cvlilebebi

sacxovreblis dakargva

wylis cxrilis

cvlilebebi, Waobiani

adgilebis kargva,

gamravlebis adgilebis

kargva

cvalebadi dinebis reJimi

da sacxovrebeli garemo

cvalebadi dinebis reJimi

da sacxovrebeli garemo

biologiuri zewolebis aris iseTi, romelTac pirdapiri zegavlena aqvT

cocxal resursebze, rogorc raodenobrivze, ise xarisxobrivze.

cxrili 3.6

biologiuri zewolis da maTi zegavlenis magaliTebi

mamoZravebeli Zalis

moqmedeba

meTevzeoba

Sesavali ucxo

saxeobebisaTvis

zewola

TevzWera

Tevzis maragebi

konkurencia Tevzis

adgilobriv saxeobebTan

3.3.2 meTodebi

mdgomareobis an zegavlenis

SesaZlo cvlileba

TevziT Raribi fauna,

gansakuTrebiT migrirebadi

da xmeleTTTan axlo

binadari (amfibioturi)

TevzebisaTvis

veluri populaciebis

genetikuri dabinZureba

populaciaTa Canacvleba,

sacxovrebeli garemos

destruqcia, konkurencia

sakvebze

Sefaseba, Tu ramdenad mniSvnelovania zewola wylis obieqtze unda efuZnebodes zewolaTa

codnas wylis mocemul arealze, aseve wylis dinebis, qimiuri Canadenis, biologiuri

funqcionirebis konceptualuri gaazrebis garkveul formas wylis obieqtze mocemuli

arealis farglebSi. sxva sityvebiT, unda arsebobdes garkveuli codna imisa, rom zewola

gamoiwvevs zegavlenas wylis mocemuli arealis funqcionirebis

garkveuli tipis gamo. aseTi codna, zewolaTa yvela cnobili formebis CamonaTvalTan da

wylis mocemuli arealis dawvrilebiT daxasiaTebasTan erTad, mniSvnelovani zewolebis

identificirebis saSualebas iZleva. AamasTan, aseTi midgoma xSirad iTvalsiwinebs or

safexurs. pirvel safexurze, SesaZlebelia korelaciebis Sefaseba. amas gaaCnia

monitorirebuli monacemebis gamoyenebis upiratesoba da ar sWirdeba rTuli hopoTezebi.

32


33

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

rodesac aucilebeli da saWiroa, SesaZloa moiTxoven gamoyenebul iqnas mizezobriobis

mkacri Sefaseba. magaliTad ricxobrivi modelireba, rac moaxdens uamravi zewolisagan

gamowveuli zegavlenebis simulacias. miuxedavad amisa, aseTi saSualebebi iSviaTadaa

saimedo, radgan isini efuZnebian ekosistemis funqcionirebis hipoTezas. zogierTi

albaTobis Sefaseba da modelebi ganxilulia zegavlenaTa Sefasebis seqciaSi.

alternativa isaa, rom konceptualuri gaazreba CarTulia martivi wesebis krebulSi,

romelic pirdapir migviTiTebs, aris Tu ara mniSvnelovani zewola. am tipis erT-erTi

midgomaa zewolis sididis Sedareba wylis obieqtis Sesatyvis kriteriumTan, da

zRurblTan. aseTi midgoma ar CaiTvleba validurad, iyenebs ra zRurblebis erT rigs

evropaSi, radgan ase ver dgindeba wylis obieqtis kerZo maxasiaTeblebi da misi

mgrZnobiaroba zewolis mimarT. es midgoma axdens zewolis identifikaciis efeqtur

kombinirebas zegavlenis analizTan, da Tu romelime zRurbli momatebulia, wylis obieqti

fasdeba, rogorc uunaro Seasrulos dakisrebuli amocana. simartivis gamo aseTi

meTodikebi eqspertebis msjelobis Semong>ofong>argvlis efeqturi saSualebaa da damyarebulia

seriozul mecnierebaze. es meTodebi aRwerilia ufro detalurad da magaliTebis moyvaniT

seqcia 4.3-Si. is ufri efeqturia, Tu

dawyvilebulia statusis monitoringTan, rogorc es mowodebulia magaliTebSi.

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa warmatebuli Seswavla ver iqneba is, rac mosdevs winaswar

ganmsazRvrel instruqcias.

is iqneba kvleva, sadac mocemulia amocanaTa swori gaazreba, wylis obieqtis da mis

irgvliv myong>ofong>i arealis kargi aRwera (monitoringis monacemebis CaTvliT), da codna Tu

rogor funqcionirebs wyalTan asocirebuli sistema (grafiki 3.2). gaTviTcnobierebaa

saWiro, rogoria wylis obieqtebs Soris damokidebuleba mdinaris auzis raionSi,

damokidebulebebi exeba dabinZurebas daRmavali nakadis tbebSi da sanapiro wylebSi

(wyalmcenareebiT dabinZureba (eutrong>ofong>ikacia), danaleqiT dabinZureba, bionarCenebis

dagroveba) an aRmavali nakadis mdinareebis uwyvetobis sakiTxebs. aseT SemTxvevebSi

zewolebi, romelnic iwveven zegavlenebs mxolod wylis obieqtidan daSorebiT, TavisTavad

aseve unda CairTos analizSi.

3.3.3. cvlilebebi zewolebsa da zegavlenebSi

33


34

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

gansazRvrebis mixedviT zewolebi wertilovani wyaroebidan ar SeiZleba sivrcobrivad

erTiani iyos, magram savaraudod aseve simarTlea, rom zewolebi Sereuli wyaroebidan,

raodenobrivi zewolebi wylis obieqtis mimdebare arealze sivrcobrivad cvalebadia.

rogorc vaxseneT, aseve simarTlea rom specifikuri zewola yovelTvis ar iwvevs

garkveul zegavlenas. sazRvrebi, rogorc droebiTi, aseve sivrcobrivi aris erT-erTi

sakiTxi, romelic gansazRvravs zewolis zegavlenas. wylis obieqtis mimdebare arealis

sxva gansazRvrebebs aseve SeiZleba hqondeT zegavlena da cxadia rom kerZo maxasiaTebeli

dakavSirebuli iqneba zewolis bunebasTan. magaliTad, mJave wvimis zegavlena ufro didi

iqneba mimdebare arealze, moTavsebulze granitis geologiaze Txeli niadagiT, romelsac

aqvs mJavas neitralizaciis mcire SesaZlebloba, vidre mimdebare arealze kiris geologiiT

(kiqva an carci) da niadagiT mJavis maRali neitralizaciis SesaZleblobiT.

es efeqtebi damaxasiaTebelia sxva zewilebisTvisac, magaliTad nitratebis kerZo

problemebi nitratebis mimarT mgrZnobiare zonebSi,

da koncefcia gruntis wylebis mgrZnobiarobaze dabinZurebis mimarT, romelic ikvlevs

gruntis wylis obieqtebTan dakavSirebul mraval maxasiaTebels.

mravalferovnebis aRiarebas mivyavarT or daskvnamde. pirveli, ufro advilia Seiqmnas

instruqcia, romelic adgens yvela saxis zewolas

(e.w potenciuri zewolebi) vidre mniSvnelovan zewolebs (isini, romelTac SeuZliaT

zegavlenis gamowveva, iseve rogorc obieqtis miznis Cagdeba). ukanaskneli ZiriTadad

moiTxovs SemTxvevidan SemTxvevamde Sefasebas, romelic iTvaliswinebs kerZo wylis

obieqtis da misi mimdebare arealis maxasiaTeblebs.

meorec, situaciebSi sadac zewolaTa mravalferovnebam SesaZlebelia ganapirobos

zegavlena sxvadasxva statusis mqone wylis obieqtis sxvadasxva nawilSi, mizanSewonili

iqneba Tavidan dadgindes wylis obieqtis sazRvrebi, imisaTvis rom SemuSavdes RonisZiebebis

praqtikuli programa TiToeuli maTganisaTvis. sadac es gakeTebulia, aRniSvna

dasawyisSive mosdevs wylis obieqtis gamosayong>ofong> ,,wesebs” , romelic dadgenilia komisiis

instruqciiT (d’eugenio, 2002).

3.4. zegavlenaTa Sefaseba

zegavlenaTa Sefaseba wylis obieqtze moiTxovs garkveul raodenobriv informacias TviT

wylis obieqtis mdgomareobis aRwerisTvis, da /an zewolisa, romelic masze moqmedebs.

analizis tipi imazea damokidebuli, Tu ra monacemebia xelmisawvdomi. garda gansazRvruli,

asaTvisebeli procesisa, da mniSvnelovan zewolaTa identifikaciisa, ise rogorc zemoTaa

aRwerili, Sefaseba moiTxovs imis konceptualur gagebas, Tu ra iwvevs zegavlenebs.

magaliTad, yvelaze martivad SesaZlebelia, rom gamonadeni Caedinos mdinareSi, tbaSi an

sanapiro wyalSi, da savaraudoa rom iyos wylis xarisxis lokaluri cvlileba mainc,

romelic adeqvaturad SeiZleba Sefasdes konservatiuli, Sereuli modeliT. bevr

situaciaSi, aseTi tipis martivi midgoma SeiZleba mTlianad misaRebi iyos zewolaTa

zegavlenis Sesafaseblad. amasTan, realur situaciaSi, iarsebebs wylis mimdebare arealTa

mravali tipi, wylis obieqtebis tipi, urTierTqmedi zewolebi, procesis

konceptualizaciebi, monacemebis saWiroebani da SesaZlo zegavlenani, da aseTi martivi

modelis aTviseba yvela SemTxvevaSi SesaZloa miamiturad CaiTvalos.

aseve naTelia, rom rac dasawyisSi martiv Sefasebad iTvleba, SeiZleba Seicavdes damalul

sirTuleebs. magaliTad, amoRebiT gamowveuli zewoliT gruntis wylis obieqtis

raodenobrivi statusis zegavlena SeiZleba gamokvleul iqnas martivi wylis wonasworobis

modeliT, sadac cvlileba SenaxvaSi warmodgenilia gansxvavebiT Sevsebis xarisxsa da

gadenis jams Soris, amoRebis damatebiT. kargi raodenobrivi statusis ganmsazRvreli

erT-erTi kriteriumi aris is, rom gadena da amoReba SeiZleba mimdinareobdes xangrZlivi

drois ganmavlobaSi. done, romelzec unda SenarCundes gadena aris is, romelzec kargi

ekologiuri statusi miiRweva nebismier asocirebul zedapirul wylebSi. Aamgvarad, rac

warmoadgens gruntis wylis obieqtis martiv wylis balanss, sinamdvileSi moiTxovs

ekologiuri da asocirebuli zedapiruli wylis obieqtis ekologiuri dinebis moTxovnebis

statusis codnas da gagebas.

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizisTvis ar SeiZleba daskvnis gamotana, rom es analizi

SeiZleba miRwevadi gaxdes mxolod detaluri, procesze damyarebuli, ricxobrivi

kompiuteruli modelis SedgeniT erTianad dakavSirebuli zedapiruli da gruntis wylis

obieqtebisaTvis. am tipis midgoma SesaZlebelia, zogierT situaciasa da magaliTze,

romelic aRwerilia saSualebaTa TavSi (seqcia 4). praqtikaSi, informacia romelic saWiroa

modelirebis midgomis asaTviseblad, naklebad xelmisawvdomia amJamad da savaraudod,

34


35

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

ZiriTadad ar iqneba xelmisawvdomi winaswargansazRvrul momavalSi. sagulisxmoa, rom

sawyisi analizi Cveulebriv damyarebulia naklebad momTxovn meTodebze, romelTa saWiro

monacemebi xelmisawvdomia, magaliTad, wnevis skriningis saSualebebi (ixileT seqcia 4.2 da

4.3). aseTi analizi moiTxovs daxvewas,

radgan Semdgomi analizi saWiroa riskis dasadgenad, Sesatyvisi monacemebis mosapoveblad

da gamosadegi saSualebebis SesamuSaveblad.

dakvirvebis monacemebis gamoyeneba zegavlenaTa Sesafaseblad

situaciebSi, roca monacemebi xelmisawvdomia Tavad wylis obieqtisaTvis, SesaZlebelia

moxdes zegavlenis pirdapiri Sefaseba. monacemebis tipebi, romelnic SesaZloa gamoyenebul

iyvnen imdenad gansxvavebulni arian, ramdenadac TviT zegavlenani (ix. cxrili 3.7).

Tavad monacemebi ar aris sakmarisi SesaZlo zegavlenaTa Sesafaseblad: mosalodneli

zegavlenis swori maCvenebeli unda Sedgenil iqnas. metic, unda davimaxsovroT, rom

zewolaTa umravlesoba ar iwvevs gamokveTil zegavlenas, magram mniSvnelovnad cvlis mavne

pirobebis albaTobas. amis magaliTia, gadaadgilebebi hidrologiur reJimSi: bunebrivi

hidrologiuri reJimi ar aris saxarbielo Tevzebis sicocxlisaTvis drois 100%-Si.

zegavlenaTa Sefaseba amowmebs imis gansazRvras, saxarbielo pirobebis alabaTobis romeli

cvlileba warmoadgens muqaras ekosistemisaTvis. zogadad xelmisawvdomi hidrologiuri

maCveneblebi ar arian gamosadegi. magaliTad, Tevzis trapi sakmarisia, Tu avseba garkveul

farglebSia, garkveul droSia da wlis garkveuli momentisTvisaa, rodesac migrirebadi

Tevzebi warmodgenilni arian. aRniSnuli moiTxovs specifikur gaangariSebas, damyarebuls

dRiuri Sevsebis statistikaze da eqspertebis Tvalsazrisze ( avsebis ra monacemia da ra

droisTvis).

wylis xarisxis statistika aseve qmnis specifikur siZneelebs. mdgomareobis Sedareba (aris

zegavlena?) moiTxovs rigi monacemebis Sedarebas. safuZvliani Sedarebis Casatareblad,

gaTvaliswinebul unda iqnas monacemebis Sinagani struqtura, raTa xelmisawvdomi iyos

normaluri cvalebadoba. wliuri monacemebis sezonuri da hidrologiuri komponentis

mocileba, mniSvnelovnad amcirebs gamoTvlis cvalebadobas da drois mokle SualedSi

monitorirebuli monacemebis nakrebebs Soris Sedarebis saSualebas iZleva. es daxvewili

statistikuri teqnika ar aris familiaruli evropeli wylis eqspertebisaTvis.

cxrili 3.7. SesaZlo zegavlenani an statusis cvlilebebi, romelnic SesaZloa dadgindnen

monitoringis monacemebiT

biologiuri xarisxis elementebi

makrong>ofong>itebi

fitoplanqtoni

planqtonuri yvavili

zRvis flora-faunis uxerxemloebi

Tevzi

wyalmcenareebiT dabinZureba

(eutrong>ofong>ikacia)

hidromorfologiuri xarisxis elementebi

hidrologiuri reJimi

moqcevis reJimi

mdinaris uwyvetoba

morfologia

Semadgenlobis simravle

biomasis Semadgenlobis simravle

sixSiris intensiuroba

Semadgenlobis simravle

Semadgenlobis simravle, asakis struqtura

qlorong>ofong>ilis koncentracia

wylis dinebis dinamika da raodenoba,

kavSiri gruntis wylebTan, arsebobis dro

mtknari wylis dineba, dominanturi

dinebis mimarTuleba, talRis

gamoxatuleba

siRrmis da siganis cvalebadoba,

raodenoba, sanapiro zolis kalapotis

struqtura da substrati, tbis napiri an

moqcevaTa Sorisi zona

qimiuri da fiziko-qimiuri xarisxis elementebi

gamWvirvaloba

mTlianad suspendirebuli SenaerTebis

35


36

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

koncentracia, SemRvreva, gamWvirvaloba

TeTri diskis mixedviT (m)

Termuli pirobebi

temperatura (C°)

Jangvis (oqsigenaciis) pirobebi

koncentracia

gamtarebloba

gamtarianoba

totalurad gaxsnili SenaerTebis

gardaqmna koncentrirebulad

marilianoba

koncentracia

sakvebi elementebis (nutrientebis)

azotis da fosforis koncentracia,

mdgomareoba

datvirTva zRvis dacvis TvalsazrisiT

qimiuri da fiziko-qimiuri xarisxis elementebi

mJavianobis mdgomareoba

pH

tutianoba

mJavis neitralizaciis SesaZlebloba (ANC)

prioritetuli substanciebi

sxva damabinZureblebi

koncentracia

koncentracia

modelirebis midgoma

modelirebis midgoma iZleva zegavlenaTa Sefasebis saSualebas, da amis gamo unda

gaTvaliswindes rogorc daqvemdebarebuli, aseve damatebiTi, wylis obieqtis monitoringis

monacemebi. mdinareTa qselisaTvis SemuSavebulia uamravi modelirebis teqnika

originaluri namuSevridan gaxsnil Jangbadze da BOD-idan, romelic daibeWda 1925 wels

Streeter da Phelips-is mier. am tipis martivi modelebi farTodaa xelmisawvdomi, magram

gansxvavdebian modelirebuli qimiuri determinantebis rigiT, warmodgenili procesiT, da

maTi ricxobrivi CarCoebiT. aseTi modelebi, sworad gamoyenebis SemTxvevaSi, ZiriTadad

kargia wylis xarisxis warmosadgenad mdinaris gaswvriv, sadac gamodena wertilovani

wyaroebidan da Senakadebidan kargadaa cnobili an SesaZloa jerovnad Sefasdes.

magaliTis gamoyeneba mocemulia TavSi saSualebebis Sesaxeb.

mdinareTa aseTi modelebis naklovaneba aris is, rom isini Sereuli wyaroebis Semotanils

warmoadgenen, rogorc calkeul wertilovan wyaroebs, da modelis asamoqmedeblad es unda

ganisazRvros an monacemebis gamoyenebiT, an Sereuli ( asocirebuli arealis) modeliT.

Sereuli modeli TavisTavad SeiZleba martivi iyos, magaliTad nutrientebis kargva

SeiZleba daeyrdnos eqsportis koeficientebs, romelnic warmoadgenen aqtivobebs wyalTan

asocirebul arealze. aseTi modeli faqtiurad raodenobrivad gansazRvravs difuzuri

wyaroebidan gamomdinare zewolas, vidre zegavlenas wylis obieqtze, da am saxiT is

aRwerilia saSualebebis Sesaxeb TavSi (seqcia 4). am seqciaSi aseve aRwerilia saSualebebi,

romelnic afaseben wertilovani wyaroebis datvirTvas mimReb wylis obieqtebze.

martivi da sando modelirebis midgomebi xelmisawvdomia yvela tipis wylis obieqtisaTvis,

romelic aRiarebulia WFD-s mier. es modelebi SesaZloa warmoadgendnen erTeul domens (

mag. mdinares, tbas, gamaval

wyals, sanapiro wyals an gruntis wyals) an moicavdes mraval da, yvela domens erTi

CarCos farglebSi. es modelebi warmoadgenen dinebis reJimis mravalferovan aspeqtebs,

hidromorfologias, wylis obieqtis hidroqimias, damoukideblad an integrirebuli CarCos

farglebSi. wylis obieqtis modelebis magaliTebi moyvanilia seqcia 4.4.-Si.

cxadia, rom am gansxvavebuli domenebis modelebis kompleqsuroba SeiZleba Zalian

gaizardos zemoT aRwerili SedarebiT martivi ganxorcielebidan. magram, cxadia es ar

niSnavs imas, rom martivi modeli yovelTvis nakleb zusti iqneba, vidre kompleqsuri

(rTuli ) modeli.

modelebi aseve arseboben wylis nakadis garemo pirobebis daxasiaTebisaTvis, mravali

maTgani gamoiyeneba dasaxlebuli garemos pirobebis winaswar gansazRvrisaTvis dinebis

sxvadasxva pirobebis dros.

am tipis modelis mosalodneli Sedegi SeiZleba meryeobdes nakadis dinebis fizikuri

Sablonis cudad daxasiaTebidan, biologiuri SefasebisaTvis garkveuli gamoyenebamde.

36


37

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

fizikuri aRwerilobis modelebi SemuSavebulia mocemuli wylis arxis nakadis cvlilebis

xarisxis Sesafaseblad, zogierT saCvenebel pirobebTan kavSirSi.

biologiaze damyarebuli modelebi SemuSavebulia, rom gansazRvros saxeobebis arsebuli

maragi mocemuli wylis nakadis fizikuri maxasiaTeblebidan. amasTan, am or kides Soris

arsebobs sacxovrebeli garemos rigi modelebi gamiznuli sxva SedegebisaTvis, rogoricaa

saxeobaTa mier sacxovrebeli garemos gamoyeneba, sacxovrebeli garemos xarisxi (e.w.

ekologiuri potenciali ZiriTadi saxeobebisaTvis) an garemo pirobebis vargisianobis

xangrZlivobis periodi.

dakvirvebis monacemebis gamoyeneba zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa Sefasebis dasaxvewad.

minitoringis monacemebma SeuZlia miuTiTon, rom ar arsebobs mimdinare zegavlenebi. es

informacia TavisTavad aCvenebs rom aranairi zewola, dadgenili sawyisi skriningis

procesSi, ar aris mniSvnelovani, an drois Sualedi romelic saWiroa imisTvis, rom

zewolam warmoSvas zegavlena, romelsac jer ar Cauvlia. ukanasknels aqvs gansakuTrebuli

mniSvneloba rodesac xdeba gruntis wylis obieqtebis Sefaseba, sadac damabinZureblebi

Zalian nela mogzauroben. aseTi monacemebis gamoyeneba SesaZlebelia modelis

Sesamowmeblad, rom Canadenis, da SigniT arsebuli procesis modelireba sworad axdens

dakvirvebis monacemebis reproduqcias.

rodesac wylis obieqtebze dakvirvebis monacemebi ar migviTiTeben rom zewola iwvevs

zegavlenas, SesaZloa arsebobdes mizezobrivi kavSiri zegavleniT sxva wylis obieqtebze,

igive mdinaris auzis raionSi. magaliTad, garemos amocanebis Sesruleba aRmavali dinebis

arealebSi ar aris sakmarisi igive amocanebis SeTavsebisaTvis daRmavali nakadis

arealebSi. aRniSnuli moiTxovs kavSirs da TanamSromlobas mdinaris auzis raionis

sxvadasxva nawilebs Soris.

situaciebSi, sadac dakvirvebis monacemebi miuTiTeben zegavlenis arsebobas, codna

zegavlenis bunebis Sesaxeb xels Seuwyobs zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizs.

gasaTvaliswinebelia sami SemTxveva:

1. tradiciuli situaciebi, sadac raodenobrivad gansazRvruli zegavlena qimiuri da

fiziko-qimiuri parametrebis terminebiT, aWarbebs zRurbls. es SeiZleba garkveulwilad

mimarTul iqnas martivi konceptualuri modelis, an cnobili qmedebebis da

asocirebuli zewolebis gamoyenebisaken. analizi msgavsia zemoTaRwerili midgomebisa im

gansxvavebiT, rom Sedegi cnobilia da ZiriTadad emsaxureba procesis dros gamoTqmuli

sxvadasxva mosazrebebis Sefasebas.

1. zegavlena raodenobrivad fasdeba biologiuri efeqtis terminebiT, Tumca gamomwvevi

fiziko-qimiuri da hidromorfologiuri zewola gasagebi ar aris. am SemTxvevaSi

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi SeiZleba Catardes im molodiniT, rom mizezi

dadgindeba, da saWiro zoma miRebul iqneba maSinac ki, Tu kavSiri mTlianad ar aris

gaazrebuli. es albaT Tanxlebuli iqneba SesaZlo mizezebis Semdgomi biologiuri

kvlevebiT; da

2. am or mizezs Soris iarsebebda biologiuri efeqti, sadac SesaZlo fiziko-qimiuri

da hidromorfologiuri efeqti sul cota nawilobriv maincaa gagebuli. am aspeqtSi,

analizi unda Catardes rogorc pirvel-Si, magram naklebad gaazrebuli informaciiT,

rom gaaTviTcnobieron procesis Rirebuleba.

am situaciebidan ukanaskneli oris gaazreba didadaa damokidebuli informaciaze, romelic

modis REFCOND samuSao jgufidan, da CIS interkalibraciuli kvlevidan (miniSneba WFD CIS

instruqciaze # 10 da 6, Sesabamisad).

am situaciebidan samiveSi, albaT ufro advilia imis gageba, Tu rogor iwvevs dabinZurebis

zewola fiziko-qimiur statusis cvlilebebs, romelmac SeiZleba ganapirobos zegavlena

biologiur statusze, da gaTvaliswinebul iqnas kavSirebi zewolodan zegavlenaze da

piriqiT, zegavlenidan zewolaze. hidromorfologiuri zewolebisaTvis kavSirebi naklebad

naTelia.

HMWB instruqcia gvTavazobs garkveul daxmarebas sxvadasxva tipis biologiur

indikatorebTan an hidromorfologiur zewolasTan dakavSirebiT (cxrili 3.8).

37


38

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

cxrili 3.8

morfologiur zewolaTa biologiuri indikatorebi

(aRebulia WFD CIS instruqciidan #4 HMWB-ze).

indikatori

Waobiani adgilebis uxerxemloTa fauna da

Tevzebi

grZel distanciebze migrirebadi Tevzebis

jiSebi

makrong>ofong>itebi

Waobis uxerxemloebi da

makrong>ofong>itebi.fitobenTosi

zewola

wylis Zalis generaciis zegavlena

mtknari wylis sistemebze

mdinaris uwyvetobis aRweriloba, romelic

iwvevs dagvianebas migraciul procesSi

dineba rezervuarebidan

regulirebuli tbebi (cvlilebebi dinebis

reJimSi)

wrfivi fizikuri cvlilebebi, rogoricaa

wyaldidobis moqmedeba

Sesatyvisi damabinZureblebis SerCeva mdinareTa auzebis doneze

3.5.1 Sesavali

instruqciis seqcia 2.3.6 –Si, Sesavali mocemulia rogorc kompleqsuri midgoma qimiuri

damabinZureblebis mimarT WFD-s ,,kargi ekologiuri statusis “ da ,,kargi qimiuri

statusis” koncefciis farglebSi. maSin rodesac ,,prioritetuli substanciebi “ naTladaa

dadgenili damateba X-Si, erT-erTi ZiriTadi SekiTxva zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizis

konteqstiT aris specfikuri damabinZureblebis SerCeva (gansxvavebuli prioritetuli

substanciebisgan), risTvisac monacemebi zewolaTa Sesaxeb unda Segrovdes imis dasadgenad,

arsebobs Tu ara zegavlenebi mdinaris auzis (raionis) sxvadasxva wylis obieqtisaTvis.

Semdgomi muxlebi gvaZlevs ZiriTad midgomas, romelic SeiZleba gamoyenebul iqnas wylis

obieqtebis specifikuri damabinZureblebis Sesatyvisi CamonaTvalis SesarCevad mdinaris

auzis farglebSi.

(naxsenebia rogorc ,,Sesatyvisi damabinZureblebi”). ufro meti specifikuri magaliTebi

mowodebulia am instruqciis damateba IV-Si.

naTelia, rom aseTi midgoma aTvisebul da daxvewil unda iqnas specifikuri

situaciebisaTvis TiToeuli mdinaris auzze.

am SemTxvevaSi, unda ganimartos rom WFD-s moTxovnebi dakavSirebulia zogierT amocanasTan

individualuri damabinZureblisaTvis wylis obieqtze. amasTan, aucilebeli iqneba mivsdioT

sam (an met) safexurian midgomas raTa mxedvelobaSi iqnas miRebuli wyliani garemos

dabinZurebis problemebis gansxvavebuli farglebi:

1. evropis done: ,,prioritetuli substanciebi” (damateba X) warmoadgens evropisaTvis

Sesatyvis CamonaTvals. es substanciebi gaTvaliswinebul unda iqnas zewolaTa da

zegavlenaTa analizSi da ,,amocanaTa Seusruleblobis riski” gamokvleul unda

iqnas wylis yvela obieqtisaTvis.

2. mdinaris auzis (raionis) done: am Sesatyvisi damabinZureblebis CamonaTvali

SesaZloa dadgindes, romelnic atareben ,,amocanaTa Seusruleblobis risks” didi

raodenobiT wylis obieqtebze auzis farglebSi da sadac daRmavali wylis efeqtebi

(zRvis garemos CaTvliT) gaTvaliswinebul unda iqnas. aseT substanciebs SeiZleba

ewodos ,,mdinaris auzis Sesatyvisi damabinZureblebi”.

3. qve-mdinaris auzis wylis obieqtis done: damabinZureblebi, romelnic zegavlenas

iwveven mniSvnelovani regionuli da lokaluri zewolebiT, magaliTad, erT an

ramodenime wylis obieqtze, unda gaTvaliswinebul iqnas zemoT naxseneb doneebze

damatebiT.

38


39

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

amgvarad, sakiTxebi, Tu rogor SevarCioT Sesatyvisi damabinZureblebis CamonaTvali,

dakavSirebulia mniSvnelovan zewolebTan da zegavlenebTan.

idealur SemTxvevaSi, SesaZloa arsebobdes aSkara damokidebuleba garemoSi

gamoTavisuflebul damabinZureblebs Soris garkveuli raodenobiT kargad cnobili

wyaroebidan da iwvevdes TvalsaCino an Sefasebad efeqtebs wylis obieqtis biologiaze.

aRniSnuli varaudobs sul cota karg codnas gamoyenebaze, an zewolis saitis dabinZurebis

wyaroebze, damabinZureblis gaCenaze statusis mixedviT da/an efeqtebze zegavlenaTa

mxares. amasTan, mocemulia ra damabinZureblebis didi ricxvi, arsebobs informaciis da

monacemebis mniSvnelovani ukmarisoba mravali damabinZureblisaTvis, kerZod:

• bevr SemTxvevaSi da mravali damabinZureblisaTvis, zewolebi ar ukavSirdeba

statuss an zegavlenas monacemebis simwiris gamo

• damabinZureblebis mxolod SezRuduli raodenoba monitorirdeba uwyvetad da

regularulad.

• damokidebulevba damabinZureblebs da zegavlenas Soris faravs ekotoqsikologiis

mTel sferos. magaliTad, mwvave/qronikuli an kombinirebuli efeqtebi unda

moxsendes?

miuxedavad amisa, zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi aris pirveli mniSvnelovani nabiji

im damabinZureblebis saidentifikaciod romelnic SemdgomSi regulirdebian WFD-s

konteqstiT, anu inter alia monitoringi da RonisZiebaTa programa.

EFD-s amosavali wertili aris ,,ZiriTadi damabinZureblebis“ CamonaTvali, romelic

naxsenebia damateba VIII-Si. es CamonaTvali SeiZleba CaiTvalos ,,qimikatebis samyaros”

eqvivalenturad, ise rom arcerTi qimiuri substancia da damabinZurebeli ar iqnas

amoRebuli dasawyisSive.

gamowvevaa, rom SemuSavdes ganmeorebadi midgoma, romelic Seamcirebs nivTierebaTa

daumTavrebel CamonaTvals damabinZureblebis marTvad raodenobamde, pragmatul da

miznobriv nabij-nabiji gziT (,, uxeSidan daxvewilamde”). saboloo mizania daigegmos

RonisZiebebi da moxdes pirvelad im substanciaTa monitoringi, romelnic yvelaze metad

zemoqmedeben wylian garemos sxvadasxva doneze, rogorc zemoTaa naxsenebi. am kuTxiT,

,,garemos xarisxis standarti: (EQS) romelic dadgenilia damateba V—is 1.2.6.-is mixedviT

aris yvelaze mniSvnelovani orientiri, radgan warmoadgens sazRvars ,,kargsa” da

,,saSualo” mdgomareobas Soris. amasTan, arsebobs rigi sxva amocanebisa, romelnic unda

Sefasdes zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizis konteqstiT, rogoricaa ,,ar aris

gauareseba”, anu dabinZurebis Semcireba rogorc tendencia da kargi statusis

Seusruleblobis Tavidan acileba.

Sesatyvisi damabinZureblebis CamonaTvali SeiZleba Seicvalos WFD-s ganxorcielebis

sxvadasxva safexurze ZiriTadad, analizisa da Sefasebis daxvewis dros.

pirvel rigSi, saWiroa dadgindes damabinZureblebis CamonaTvali, risTvisac tardeba

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi (damTavrebuli 2004 wels). mxolod, Tu

gansazRvruli ,,kandidati substanciebis CamonaTvali” dadginda, SesaZleblia, rom

Segrovdes monacemebi zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa Sesaxeb.

am pirveli analizisTvis, ar iqneba SesaZlebeli EQSs-is mopoveba yvela kandidati

substanciebisaTvis. am SemTxvevaSi, alternatiuli skriningis saniSneebi misaRebia.

meorec, saWiroa im damabinZureblebis SerCeva, romelTaTvisac Segrovilia damatebiTi

informacia ,,gadarCenis monitoringis” meSveobiT (2006 wlisaTvis). es substanciebi

SeiZleba warmoadgendnen damabinZureblebis qve-CamonaTvals, romelTaTvisac

garkveulobis done

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizis dros sakmarisi ar aris.

sabolood, unda dadgindes romeli zomebis misaRebadaa momzadebuli Sesatyvisi

damabinZureblebis CamonaTvali ( 2007/2008 wlisaTvis).

am procesis dros, mniSvnelovania rom Sesatyvisi damabinZureblebis evolucia

gamWvirvaled darCes da aSkarad iyos dakavSirebuli WFD-s miznebTan da moTxovnebTan.

39


40

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

rogorc sabolooo SeniSvna, unda aRiniSnos rom WFD-s damateba V askvnis rom unda

dadgindes prioritetuli, da sxva substanciebi, romelnic ,,gamoiyong>ofong>ian” wylis

obieqtze. saubedurod, termini gamoyong>ofong>a WFD-SI ar aris gansazRvruli, magram mxolod

saSiSi substanciebis direqtivaSi (sabWos direqtiva 76/464/EEC), anu zogadi

terminologiiT, saxelwodebiT ,,Sesavali wylebSi” . sapirispirod termini ,gamoyong>ofong>a”

xSirad gamoiyeneba gamonaJonis wertilovani wyaroebisTvis. damateba II naTlad

moiTxovs yvela zewolis (mniSvnelovani) identifikacias wertilovani da Sereuli

wyaroebidan da mocemulia, rom WFD ZiriTadad saubrobs ,,gamoyong>ofong>aze, gamoJonaze da

kargvaze”, TvalsaCinoa, rom farTo interpretacia, romelic faravs yvela wyaros da

gzebs wylian garemoSi gaTvaliswinebul unda iqnas WFD-s farglebSi.

3.5.2 saerTo midgoma

saerTo midgoma dazustebulia cxrilSi 3.9. da ilustrirebulia grafikSi 3.3. miqcieT

yuradReba, rom safexurebi warmodgenilia wrfivad, magram urTierTqmedeben erTmaneTTan

ufro kompleqsuri gziT (rogorc miTiTebulia isrebiT grafik 3.3-Si).

cxrili 3.9 zogadi midgoma specifikuri damabinZureblebis identifikaciisaTvis

1. sawyisi wertili

ZiriTadi damabinZureblebis mimaniSnebeli CamonaTvali dadgenili direqtivis VIII

damatebaSi. mxolod 1- =dan 9=mde dasaxelebis qveS arsebuli damabinZureblebi

saWiroeben Semdeg ganxilvas, rogorc potenciurad specifikuri damabinZureblebi.

damabinZureblebi damateba 10,11 da 12 niSnis qveS, arian zogadad fiziko-qimiuri

xarisxis elementebi da calke ganixilebian.

2. skriningi

mTeli xelmisawvdomi informaciis skriningi dabinZurebis wyaroebze, damabinZureblebis

zemoqmedeba, damabinZureblebis warmoqmna da gamoyeneba im damabinZureblebis

dasadgenad, romelnic gamoiyong>ofong>ian wylis obieqtebze mdinaris auzis raionSi.

skriningis safexuris dros, SeiZleba gamovarCioT ori qve-safexuri: a) informaciis

dagroveba, da b) damabinZureblebis CamonaTvalis mopoveba.

2ª. informaciis Segroveba

monacemebi:

• wyaro/seqtoruli analizi: warmoebis procesi, gamoyeneba, mkurnaloba, gamoJonva..

• zegavlenani: wylis obieqtze damabinZureblebis gaCenis cvlileba (wylis

xarisxis monitoringis monacemebi, specialuri mimoxilvebi;

• damabinZureblebi: damabinZureblebis Sinagani Tvisebebi, romelnic zegavlenas

axdenen wylian garemoSi Camaval savaraudo gzebze.

informacia arsebuli davalebebidan da programebidan:

• prioritetuli substanciebi;

• 76/464

• UNEP POPs CamonaTvali

• EPER

ong>COMong>PPS

• 793/93-is Sedegebi, momxmareblebis CamonaTvali, a.S.

2b. damabinZureblebis CamonaTvalis mopoveba

informaciis Segroveba, romelic mopovebulia 2ª safexuris dros, Sedegad iZleva im

damabinZureblebis samuSao CamonaTvals, romelnic dadgenilia, rom gamoiyong>ofong>a wylis

obieqtze. am damabinZureblebis umetesoba arCeuli iqneba mwvervali- qvemoT da fskerizemoT

midgomiT ( ix. Semdgom Tavi 6, WRc-s magaliTi ,,Sesatyvisi damabinZureblebis

seleqcia (mdinaris auzis substanciebi) gamocdileba sabWos direqtividan 76/464.)

damabinZureblebi, romelTa Sesaxebac arsebobs rwmuneba, rom isini ar gamoiyong>ofong>ian

wylis obieqtebze SesaZloa gamoiricxon Semdgomi ganxilvidan.

3. testi Sesabamisobaze

safexuri 2 moicavs wylis obieqtebze CaRvril damabinZureblebis identifikacias.

safexuri 3 gamoyong>ofong>s am damabinZureblebisgan imaT, romelTac SeuZliaT miayenon, an

40


41

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

ukve zians ayeneben garemos. es damokidebulia damabinZureblebis Sinagan Tvisebebze,

maT qcevasa da bedze garemoSi, da maTi CaRvris raodenobaze. idealSi, seleqcia

emyareba koncentraciebis mniSvnelobas garemosaTvis ( da koncentraciebis tendenciebs),

rac fasdeba damabinZureblebis an maTi daSlis priduqtebisaTvis wylis obieqtze.

amasTan, efeqtebis monacemebi an winaswargansazRvruli datvirTvebi SeiZleba aseve

Sesatyvisi aRmoCndes seleqciis procesisaTvis.

ori qve-safexuri gaTvaliswinebulia Sesabamisobis testSi a) koncentraciebis

gansazRvra wylis obieqtebze, da b) Sefasebuli koncentraciebis Sedareba Sesabamis

,,saniSneebTan”.

3ª. koncentraciebis Sesaxeb monacemebis mopoveba, da datvirTvebi zedapirul wylis

obieqtebze.

monitoringiT: gazomili monacemebi;

modelirebiT: Sefasebuli monacemebi (mopovebuli modelebidan, dawyebuli martivi

kalkulaciiT kompleqsur modelebamde, rogorc es naxsenebia me-4 TavSi, saSualebebi.

koncentraciebiis Sedareba saniSneebTan.

damabinZureblebi, romelnic dadgenilia me-2 safexurze, SesaZloa gamoiricxos,

rodesac maTi koncentraciebi SefasebiT ufro dabalia, vidre Sesatyvisi kritikuli

mniSvnelobebis umetesoba, rogorc es Sefasebulia LC50, NOEC,PNEC,EQS an kritikuli

datvirTva.

EQSs: asaxavs wylis obieqtis karg mdgomareobas. isini unda miRebul iqnas

ekotoqsikologiuri monacemebidan. EQSs: monacemebis gadaWarbeba CaiTvleba zianis

momtanad garemosaTvis. sadac SesaZlebelia, monitorirebuli an Sefasebuli

koncentraciebi unda Sedarebul iqnas Sesatyvis EQS-Tan.

kritikuli datvirTvebi: identificireba zogierT Sesamcirebel programaSi (e.w.

CrdiloeTis zRvis programa) moiTxovs datvirTvis Semcirebas zogierTi

damabinZureblisaTvis. saWiroa, rom mxolod kritikuli (garemosaTvis mniSvnelovani)

datvirTvebi iqnas gaTvaliswinebul specifikuri damabinZureblebis dadgenisas.

SeniSvnebi:

arsebuli EQS-yovelTvis ar asaxavs koncentraciebis faqtiur efeqtebs.

amas garda, EQS ar aris mopovebuli yvela specifikuri potenciuri

damabinZureblisaTvis. saukeTeso Sefaseba EQS-isaTvis unda gamoyenebul iqnas

ekotoqsikologiis uaxles monacemebze dafuZnebiT. monitoringis programebidan

miRebuli efeqtebis monacemebi unda gaTvaliswinebul iqnas, sadac es SesaZlebelia.

bunebrivi sabaziso koncentraciebi SesaZloa aRematebodes EQSs-s ara-sinTezuri

damabinZureblebisaTvis.

gaTvaliswinebul unda iqnas naleqis an bionarCenebis potenciuri dagroveba.

deteqciis sazRvrebi unda ugulvebelyong>ofong>ili iqnas, Tu maT ara aqvT ganmasxvavebeli

safuZveli garemosaTvis mniSvnelobis konteqstSi.

4. usafrTxoebis qseli

usafrTxoebis qseli saWiroa dasarwmuneblad, rom garemosaTvis mniSvnelobis ara mqone

damabinZureblebi ar arian arasworad amoRebulni specifikuri damabinZureblebis

CamonaTvalidan zemoTaRwerili me-3 safexuris dros. magaliTad, usafrTxoeba ar

iTvaliswinebs:

• aqvs Tu ara dabinZurebis mcire wyaroebs (individualurad mcire) mniSvnelovani

kombinirebuli efeqti.

• tendenciebi, romelnic miuTiTeben damabinZureblis mzard mniSvnelobaze, isinic

ki, romelnic mocemul momentSi ar aWarbeben

EQS-s.

• damabinZureblebis arseboba toqsikuri moqmedebis msgavsi modusiT da SesaZlo

damatebiTi efeqtebiT.

zogierTi damabinZureblisaTvis Sefaseba, romelic gakeTda me-2 da me-3

safexurze, ar iZleva adeqvatur rwmunebas, rom damabinZurebeli an Caedina, an ar

warmoadgens garemosaTvis mniSvnelovan risks. magaliTad, rwmuneba dabalia Tu testebi

garemosaTvis mniSvnelobaze me-3 safexuris dros damyarebulia EQS-ze, romelic

mopovebulia arasakmarisi an araadeqvaturi ekotoqsikologiuri monacemebis

41


42

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

gamoyenebiT. aseT SemTxvevebSi, gaurkvevloba gaTvaliswinebul unda iqnas imis

gadasawyvetad, saWiroa Tu ara damabinZureblis identificireba, rogorc specifikuri

damabinZureblisa, da unda Catardes Semdgomi Sesabamisi kvlevebi rwmunebis

gasaumjobeseblad seleqciis proceduris dros.

5. saboloo gamosavali

saboloo gamosavali unda iyos specifikuri damabinZureblebis CamonaTvali Sesatyvisi

mdinaris auzis raionisTvis an kerZo wylis obieqtebisTvis mdinaris auzis raionSi.

1. sawyisi wertili

damabinZureblebis samyaro=

danarTi VIII WFD


monacemebis Segroveba

2. skriningi

3. testi Sesabamisobaze

4. usafrTxoebis qseli,

damabinZureblebis dadgena,

romelnic

SesaZloa gamoiyos wylis

obieqtebze


wylis obieqtebze SesaZlo

koncentraciebis

gansazRvra

Sefasebuli koncentraciebis

Sedareba ,,saniSneebTan”.


Semowmeba ramdenad adekvaturia

Sefasebis sarwmunoeba


4. saboloo gamosavali,

konkretuli damabnZureblebis

CamonaTvali,

romelTaTvisac saWiroa specifikuri

zomebis

miReba

grafiki 3.3

safexurebi, romelnic saWiroa damabinZureblebis arCeviTi CamonaTvalis

mosapoveblad

3.6. miznebis Seusruleblobis riskis Sefaseba

Teoriulad, miznebis Seusruleblobis riskis Sefaseba unda iyos wylis obieqtis

mdgomareobis winaswari Sedareba zRurblovan doneebTan, romelnic gansazRvraven

mizans. es instruqcia gvTavazobs zogierT ZiriTad midgomas wylis obieqtis

42


43

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

mdgomareobis SefasebasTan, da ufro niSandoblivad elementebTan, romelnic

dakavSirebulia fizikur da qimiur maxasiaTeblebTan. amJamad zRurblovani

mniSvnelobebi cnobilia mdgomareobis damaxasiaTebel im elementebisaTvis, romelnic

dakavSirebulia dacul arealebTan da saSiS substanciebTan (sabWos direqtiva

76/464/EEC). mdgomareobis sxva aspeqtebisaTvis es mniSvnelobebi jer ar aris cnobili.

magaliTad, zRurblovani mniSvnelobebi romelnic gansazRvraven karg qimiur statuss.

Ddrois periodSi, sanam dadgindeba es zRurblebi, aucilebelia gamoviyenoT zogierTi

pirobiTi zRurbli, gansazRvruli eqspertebis msjelobiT, da gamoviyenoT ekoregionebSi da

ufro mcire geografiul erTeulebze. zedapiruli da gruntis wylebisTvis, sadac

asocirebuli zedapiruli wylis ekologiuri statusi gasaTvaliswinebelia, kerZo sakiTxia

damyardes gageba biologiur statussa da fiziko-qimiur mdgomareobas Soris. es

nawilobriv Sesrulebulia klasifikaciis sistemebiT, romelic arsebobs wevr qveynebSi,

magram amJamad isini aRebul unda iqnas rogorc mimaniSnebelni pirobebze, romelnic

Seesabameba nebismier kerZo biologiuri mdgomareobas. maSin roca klasifikaciis es

sistemebi gansxvavdebian detalebSi, klasebi xSirad moniSnulia statusis mTliani

Sefasebis Sesabamisad. magaliTad, saukeTeso klasi SeiZleba iyos bunebrivi, sabaziso an

SesaniSnavi. amis qvemoT, Cveulebriv aris diferenciacia mcired dazianebul klass Soris,

romelsac ZiriTadad misaRebi mdgomareoba aqvs (albaT moniSnulia, rogorc kargi), da

klasi ufro didi zegavleniT, romelic CaTvlilia miuReblad ( moniSnulia, rogorc

damakmayong>ofong>ilebeli an kargi). es gansxvavebaa kargsa da saSualos Soris arsebul sqemaSi

gamoyenebul iqneba analizisTvis 2004 wlamde, raTa gancalkeves wylis obieqtebi, romelnic

ar atareben risks, im obieqtebisagan romelnic WFD-s amocanebis Seusruleblobis risks

atareben.

Uunda aRiniSnos, rom aseTi klasifikaciis sqemebi ZiriTadad Seicaven mxolod fizikoqimiur

elementebs da amgvarad pirdapir ar Seicaven morfologiur zewolebs. Aamitomac

aseTi sqemebi SeiZleba sworad asaxavdnen wylis obieqtis mdgomareobas, ramac SesaZloa

dafaros mizezi,Aanu cvlileba wylis qimiaSi SesaZloa gamowveuli iyos dinebis reJimiT.

Ggamosayeneblad, es nacionaluri sqemebi unda asrulebdnen WFD-s miznebTan dakavSirebul,

CamoTvlil moTxovnebidan erTs an mets:

• klasifikaciisaTvis gamoyenebuli statusis monacemebi unda:

zedapiruli wylisTvis (ekologiuri statusi):

- mWidrod unda ukavSirdebodes damateba V-Si aRweril biologiur elementebs;

- warmoadgendes Sesatyvis damabinZurebels mdinaris auzis doneze;

zedapiruli wylisTvis (qimiuri statusi):

- warmoadgendnen WFD damateba X-is substancebs;

gruntis wylebisTvis:

-statusis aRwera (qimiuri da raodenobrivi)

Kklasifikacias unda hqondes klasebi imisTvis rom:

-safuZveli/bunebrivi mdgomareoba zedapiruli wylebisTvis;

-samizne mdgomareoba (e.w. ,,kargi statusi”), romlis qvemoTac wylis obieqti riskis

qveSaa.

- im klasebs qvemoT, romelnic veRar asruleben mizans.

* gamoyenebuli xarisxis samizneebi unda aRebul iqnas EU- kanonmdeblobidan da /an

xarisxis Sefasebuli standartebidan WFD-s damateba V-Si dawesebuli proceduris

mixedviT.

43


44

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

am sqemaTa magaliTebi zegavlenaTa Sesafaseblad warmodgenilia damateba IV, 4-Si.

gruntis wylebisTvis, monitoringis monacemebis gamoyeneba kargi qimiuri statusis miRwevis

riskis SefasebisaTvis saWiroebs dakvirvebiT ganxilvas, garemos specifikur miznebTan

mimarTebaSi, romelTac mivyavarT kargi statusis miRwevis Seusruleblobamde.

NnaTelia, rom Seusruleblobis riskis Sefasebis procesi garkveuli xarisxiT aris

ganmeorebadi TanamSromloba maT Soris, vinc atarebs

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizs, da maT Soris vinc gansazRvravs zRurblebs, rogorc

statusis ganusazRvrel elementebs (grafiki 3.4.).

3.7. midgoma konceptualuri modelis meSveobiT

(SeniSvna: modeli gamoyenebulia am TavSi, rogorc ,,gagebis” sinonimi da Cveulebriv ar

niSnavs ,,ricxobriv models”).

wylis mimoqcevis sistemis konceptualuri gageba, qimiuri, da zedapiruli wylis

SemTxvevaSi, ekologiuri variaciebi wylis obieqtis farglebSi, da uerTierTqmedeba

gruntis wylebsa da zedapirul ekosistemebs Soris aucilebelia maTi daxasiaTebisaTvis.

midgomis mniSvnelovani siZliere imaSia, rom saSualebas iZleva monacemTa tipebis farTo

sxvadasxvaoba (magaliTad, fizikuri, biologiuri da qimiuri monacemebis CaTvliT)

integrirebul iqnas sistemis Tanmimdevrul gagebaSi. axali monacemebis mopoveba exmareba

modelis daxvewas an Secvlas. piriqiTac, modelma SesaZloa miuTiTos Secdomebze da

Seusabamobebze monacemebSi.

konceptualuri modeli dinamiuria, icvleba ra droTa ganmavlobaSi, axali monacemebis

mopovebasTan da modelis SemowmebasTan erTad.

misi ganviTareba da daxvewa unda moxdes Tanmimdevruli midgomis aTvisebis Sedegad. aseTi

midgoma iTvleba, rogorc kargi, codnis sxvadasxva donesTan erTad WFD-s sxvadasxva

safexurze. magaliTad, sabaziso modeli Sesatyvisad CaiTvleba sawyisis daxasiaTebisaTvis.

es (Tu Sesatyvisia) daixveweba da gaumjobesdeba Semdgomi daxasiaTebisas, da RBMP-s

ganmeorebiT Semowmebis ciklis dros.

sabaziso konceptualuri modelebis Seqmna gruntis wylis mimoqcevaze da qimiur

sistemebze, da Semdeg gruntis wylis obieqtebze unda moxdes

gruntis wylebis sawyisi daxasiaTebis adreuli procesis dros.

aRniSnuli moicavs gruntis wylis obieqtebis sazRvrebis gansazRvras,

44


45

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

wylis mimoqcevis bunebis da geoqimiuri sistemis sawyis gaazrebas,

urTierTqmedebebs zedapiruli wylis obieqtebTan da ekosistemebTan. es aseve moicavs

informacias wylis xarisxis Sesaxeb, da zewolaTa adreul Sefasebas. Ziriradad modeli

unda emsaxurebodes wylis sistemebis bunebis aRweras, rogorc raodenobrivi, aseve

xarisxobrivi maCveneblebiT, da zewolaTa savaraudo Sedegebis aRweras.

es sasicocxlo mniSvnelobisaa, gruntis wylis obieqtis sazRvrebis dadgenis drosac ki,

raTa miRweul iqnas obieqtis Tanmimdevruli gaazreba. mTeli monacemebi gruntis wylis

obieqtis Sesaxeb Segrovebuli daxasiaTebis procesis dros unda gadamowmdes

konceptualur modelTan SedarebiT, imisTvis rom moxdes modelis daxvewa da Semowmdes

Secdomebis arseboba monacemebSi.

3.8. wylis obieqtebis analogebis gamoyeneba

situaciebSi, sadac ar arsebobs dakvirvebis monacemebi, erT-erTi SesaZlo saSualeba

mdgomareobis Sesafaseblad aris msgavsi analogiuri saitis gamoyeneba, romlis Sesaxeb

monacemebic xelmisawvdomia, da CavTvaloT rom dakvirvebis monacemebis Sefaseba sarwmunod

gamosadegia orive saitisTvis. yvelaze sargebliani WFD-s zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa

analizisTvis, aris is rom saits, romlis monacemebic xelmisawvdomia unda hqondes kargi

ekologiuri mdgomareoba, xolo warumateblobisas saWiroa ufro detaluri gamokvleva.

wylis obieqtebis dajgufebis SesaZlebloba zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizis da

monitoringis Casatareblad naCvenebia ,,wylis obieqtebis” horizontalur instruqciaSi

(WFD instruqcia #2).

magaliTad, obieqtebi, romelnic eqvemdebarebian erTnair zewolebs da aqvT erTnairi

maxasiaTeblebi, SesaZlebelia erTad dajgufdnen.

mTavari dasafiqrebeli imis Sesaxeb, SeiZleba Tu ara monacemebiani saiti aRebul iqnas

Sesaswavli saitis analogad aris ganvrcobadobis mniSvneloba. ganvrcobadoba TavisTavad

xSirad migviTiTebs, rom ori wylis mimdebare arealis Tvisebebi erTmaneTis msgavsi iqneba

(mag. ekologia, topografia, geologia, klimati, arxebis daxasiaTeba da xmeleTis

gamoyeneba). amasTan, radgan es monacemebic SesaZebelia moulodnelad Seicvalos,

ganvrcobadoba TavisTavad ar SeiZleba aRebul iqnas msgavsebis maCveneblad. WeSmaritad,

SesaZlebelia, rom ufro daSorebuli wylis mimdebare areali faqtiurad gvawvdides ukeTes

analogs, vidre mezobeli areali.

msgavsebis Sefaseba savaraudod yvelaze kargad xerxdeba ZiriTadi maxasiaTeblebis Sesaxeb

eqspertTa gamWvirvale da safuZvliani msjelobis safuZvelze. amasTan, SesaZlebelia am

procesis formalurad qceva, TiToeuli maxasiaTeblis Sesaxeb uamravi Sefasebis

arsebobisas da maTi kombinirebisas, raTa garkveuli forma mieces msgavsebis Sefasebis

amocanas. aseTi sqema moiTxovs aRebuli maxasiaTeblebis lokalur awon-dawonas, da

amgvarad regionalur ganviTarebas evropaSi.

didi wertilovani wyaroebidan gamonadeni, an sxva antrong>ofong>ogenuri modifikaciebi, romelTac

efeqti aqvT romelime kerZo adgilas

( magaliTad, dacla an Sevseba) kvlevisas, an potenciurad analogiur wylis mimdebare

arealze, TiTqmis yovelTvis dazustebiT niSnavs imas, rom am midgomis gamoyeneba ar

SeiZleba, radgan wertilivani wyaros zegavlenis kerZo maxasiaTeblebi damokidebulia

mdebareobaze wylis mimdebare arealze.

3.9. specifikuri gaTvaliswinebebi gruntis wylebis daxasiaTebisaTvis

gruntis wylis obieqtebze zewolas SeiZleba hqondes zegavlena, an masze gamovlinebuli

gazomvadi efeqti. zegavlenis buneba damokidebulia iseT faqtorebze, rogoricaa

zegavlenis tipi da simwvave, da xarisxi, romliTac gruntis wylis obieqti mgrZnobiarea

zewilis mimarT. amas garda, geografiuli farglebi (magaliTad, zewolis ganawileba da

simkvrive) da drois farglebis efeqtebi (e.w. drois Sualedi damabinZureblebisTvis,

romelnic gamoiyong>ofong>a xmeleTis zedapirze wylis grafikis misaRwevad an

gadaadgilebisaTvis wylis arealSi) mniSvnelovanad gasaTvaliswinebelia gruntis

wylis sruli riskebis Sesafaseblad drois ganmavlobaSi. zewolis Sedegebi, romelnic

iwveven zegavlenebs xSirad SeiZleba gamovlindes monacemebis monitoringiT

mniSvnelovani dagvianebis Semdeg. magaliTad, pesticidebis gamoyenebas xmeleTis

45


46

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

zedapiris farTo arealze gruntis wylis obieqtis zemoT, mivyavarT pesticidebis

koncentraciis zrdamde gruntis wyalSi misi gamoyong>ofong>is Semdgom mravali wlis manZilze.

minitorirebuli informacia gamoyenebul unda iqnas, sadac es xelmisawvdomia, raTa

dadgindes zegavlenaTa Sefasebis validuroba, romelic miRebulia zewolaTa analizis

Sedegad.

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa Sefaseba

mas Semdgom moqmedebani damabinZureblebTan dakavSirebiT, romelnic amoRebulia an an

gamoyong>ofong>ilia gruntis wylebidan dadgenilia, problema mdgomareobs am informacias

gadayvanaSi ,,zewolis” sazomSi.

arsebobs ori ZiriTadi sakiTxi, romelic unda gaTvalsiwinebul iqnas:

• mocemuli aqtivobisaTvis, romelsac SeuZlia potenciuri damabinZureblis warmoqmna,

rogoraa SesaZlebeli aqtivobis intensiurobis da ganawilebis gadaTargmna

zewolaSi? da

• rogor SeiZleba zewolebi, Sefasebulni sxvadasxva aqtivobebidan kombnirebul

iqnen, rom Seqmnan sazomi totaluri zewolisaTvis gruntis wylis obieqtze.

gruntis wylis obieqtebze zewolaTa Sefaseba - sawyisi daxasiaTeba

gamoTqmulia mosazreba, rom ,,potenciuri zemoqmedebis’ koncefcia Semotanilia zewoliT

gamowveuli efeqtebis aRwerisaTvis, romelic savaraudod xorcieldeba gruntis wylis

obieqtze, da potenciuri zegavlena gamoiyeneba imis Sesafaseblad, dgas Tu ara wylis

obieqti me-4 muxliT gansazRvruli amocanebis Seusruleblobis winaSe. es koncefcia

aRiarebs, rom daxasiaTebis procesis SemosazRvrasTan erTad, yovelTvis ar iqneba

SesaZlebeli maRali sizustiT gaizomos zegavlena, gruntis wylebis donisa da xarisxis

monitoringis meSveobiT. dabinZurebis zewolebisTvis potenciuri zegavlenaze msjeloben

dabinZurebis zewolis gaTvaliswinebiT (sadac es xdeba miwis zedapirze) dabinZurebis

mimarT gruntis wylis obieqtis mgrZnobiarobis gazomvasTan kombinaciaSi (grafiki 3.6).

ase rom, magaliTad, dabinZurebis didi zewola, gamowveuli antrong>ofong>ogenuri aqtivobebiT

gruntis wylebis zedapirze wylis arealis zemoT, SeiZleba amJRavnebdes mcire efeqts

gruntis wylis obieqtze wylis arealSi, Tu obieqti daculia dabali gamtarunarianobis

zedatvirTvis mniSvnelovani sisqiT. raodenobrivi zewolebisTvis, rogoricaa dacla,

obieqtze zewolis potenciuri zegavlena savaraudod moicavs wylis donis daqveiTebas da

Semcirebul gamodinebebs. es SeiZleba Sefasdes wylis nakadis sistemis konceptualuri

modelis gamoyenebiT, da gruntis wylis obieqtis wylis balansis SedgeniT.

zrdadi zegavlena zrdadi zewola

zrdadi mgrZnobiaroba

dabinZurebis mimarT

zrdadi zegavlena

daqveiTebuli wyalgacema/

SesaZlo debeti

46


47

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

grafiki 3.6. zegavlena aris Sedegi rogorc dabinZurebis sididis, an

winaRobis zewolis, aseve gruntis wylis mgrZnobiarobisa zewolis mimarT.

Sefaseba tipiurad SeiZleba gakeTdes konceptualuri modelis daxvewis Sedegad.

konceptualuri modelis gamoyenebisas, miRebul unda iqnas gadawyvetilebani, SesaZlebelia

Tu ara gruntis wylis obieqtma ver miaRwios karg qimiur statuss da calke, karg

raodenobriv statuss.

mTliani Sefaseba gruntis wylis obieqti riskis qveS, iZens Tu ara ufro cud SesaZlo

statuss, gansxvavebulia.

zewolaTa Sedegad gamowveuli potenciur zegavlenaTa Sefasebebi, unda dadasturdes im

arealebSi, sadac monitoringis monacemebi xelmisawvdomia. monacemebi aseve gamoyenebul

unda iqnas nebismieri tendenciebis dasazusteblad wylis qimiaSi.

gruntis wylebze zewolebis Sefaseba – Semdgomi daxasiaTeba.

,,adamianTa aqtivobis zemoqmedebis mimoxilva” ,,riskis qveS myong>ofong>i” gruntis wylis

obieqtebisaTvis da maTTvis, romelnic kveTen wevri qveynebis sazRvrebs dawvrilebiTia

moTxovnili WFD-s damateba II-Si, seqcia 2.3.

rekomendirebuli midgoma mosdevs sawyisi daxasiaTebis mimoxilvas, magram moiTxovs ufro

detaluri informaciis da monacemebis Segrovebas, rogorc es dazustebulia damateba II, 2,3

–Si.

damateba II-Si mocemuli formulireba miuTiTebs, rom dazustebuli informacia unda

CarTuli iyos ,,sadac Sesatyvisia”. am konteqstiT

,,Sesatyvisi” niSnavs muxli 4-iT gaTvaliswinebuli amocanebis Seusruleblobis riskis

Sesatyviss. is ar iZleva informaciis Segrovebis Tavidan acilebis licenzias.

,,Sesatyvisobis” koncefcia aseve moicavs sakiTxebs detalizaciis doneze, romelic unda

moiazrebodes da, adamianTa aqtivobisTvis, drois farglebs, romlis ganmavlobaSic

aqtivobis efeqtebi SeiZleba CaiTvalos Sesatyvisad.

am sakiTxevis gadawyvetisas mniSvnelovania mivmarToT ukan miznebs an Semdgom daxasiaTebas

–riskis Sefasebis gasaumjobeseblad da RinisZiebebis dasadgenad, romelTac moiTxovs

muxli 11. amgvarad, Tu garkveuli tipis ufro detaluri informaciis Segrovebam SeiZleba

sakmarisad gaaumjobesos konceptualuri modeli, raTa gafarTovdes riskis Sefasebis

SesaZlebloba, da Tu eqstra detalebi SesaZloa mopovebuli iqnas, maSin aseTi monacemebi

unda Segrovdes.

3.10. rekomendaciebi zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizis moxsenebisTvis.

muxli 15 (2) moiTxovs wevri qveynebisgan zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa Sefasebis jamuri

moxsenebis wardgenas komisiasTan maTi damTavrebidan 3 Tvis ganmavlobaSi (mag. pirveli

moxseneba unda wardgenil iqnas 2005 wlis martisTvis).

mocemuli seqcia gvawvdis sawyis rekomendaciebs jamuri moxsenebis Sinaarsis da wardgenis

Sesaxeb, imisaTvis rom sazogadoebaSi mxardaWeril iqnas Sedegebis Sesatyvisoba da

SeTavsebadoba. yvela rekomendacia ganxilul iqneba EAF moxsenebaSi, romelic mogvawvdis

saboloo instruqciis yvela moxseniebul qmedebebze.

jamur moxsenebas aqvs ramodenime mizani:

• is asrulebs direqtiviT moxseniebul movaleobebs zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa

analizTan dakavSirebiT wevri qveynebis mier.

• Tu gamoiyeneba zogadi formati, is mogvcems wylis menejmentis SedarebiTi

harmonizaciis safuZvels qveynebs Soris mdinareTa auzis farglebSi, saerTaSoriso

RBDs-Si.

• gvawvdis analizis Sedegebis gamWvirvale mimoxilvas & mTavrobasTan, mewileebTan da

sazogadoebasTan urTierTobisaTvis.

komisiaSi gagzavnili jamuri moxseneba unda iyos yovlismomcveli da iZleodes wylis

obieqtebis mimoxilvas, maT mimdinare mdgomareobas da RBD-s specifikur pirobebs. jamuri

47


48

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

moxseneba Seivseba movaleobaTa moxsenebiT Sesatyvisi RBSs is farglebSi. 2005 wlisaTvis

moTxovnili moxsenebisaTvis nakarnaxebi elementebi mocemulia cxrilSi 3.9.

cxrili 3.9. moxsenebis elementebi muxli 15-is mixedviT ,,adamianTa moqmedebis zegavlenis

mimoxilva zedapiruli wylebis da gruntis wylebis mdgomareobaze.

• RBD-s Sesatyvisis maxasiaTeblebis mokle Sejameba ((mdinaris auzis raionis ruka,

daculi arealebi, ZiriTadi wylis obieqtebi, xmeleTis gamoyenebis ruka);

• gamoyenebuli meTodebis Sejameba (saSualebebi, zRurblebi, klasifikaciebi) da

varaudebi gakeTebuli analizis farglebSi.

• jvaredini miniSneba sxva moxseniebul movaleobebze ( muxli 5).

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa moxseneba:

rekomendirebulia, rom moxsenebuli iqnas Semdegi:

• wylis obieqtebis sruli ruka, romelnic Sefasebulia riskis mqoned, rom ver

Seasruleben garemos amocanebs;

• jamuri ruka TiToeul ZiriTad zewolis tipze, dadgenilze damateba II-Si, romelic

gansazRvravs sad (romel wylis obieqtebze)

aris am tipis zewola identificirebuli, rogorc erT-erTi im ZiriTadi mizezebidan,

romelnic iwveven garemos amocanebis Seusruleblobis risks (magaliTad, romlisTvis

warmoadgens zewola mniSvnelovan zewolas);

• jamuri ruka unda Seicavdes aseve miTiTebas gaurkvevlobis donis cvalebadobaze,

romelic miRweulia zewolaTa analizis Sedegad;

• es rukebi SesaZlebelia warmodgenil iqnan GIS formatSi. es ganxilul iqneba GIS

samuSao jgufTan erTad.

rogorc alternativa, unda ganxorcieldes Semdegi:

• wylis im obieqtebis sruli ruka, romelnic Sefasdnen rogorc garemos amocanebis

Seusruleblobis riskis mtarebelni;

• damatebiTi cxrili, romelic uCvenebs zewolaTa mTavar wyaroebs (mag. substanciebs);

• jamuri cxrili wylis obieqtebis areals /procentebs Sesaxeb, romelnic arian

garemos amocanebis Seusruleblobis riskis mtarebelni;

• mdinaris auzis raionSi didi sakiTxebis/zewolebis Sejameba;

miuxedavad moxsenebis formatisa, jamuri moxseneba aseve unda Seicavdes informacias:

• meTodebis, saSualebebis, zRurblebis, garemos xarisxis amocanebis, klasifikaciis

sqemebis, da a.S. Sesaxeb, romelTa gamoyeneba xdeba analizis dros;

• gaurkvevlobis moculoba analizSi da SedegebSi. detaluri RDB moxseneba SeiZleba

Seicavdes Semdgom informacias monitoringis monacemebis SedarebiTi wvlilis

Sesaxeb, modelebs da eqspertTa mosazrebebs TiToeuli analizis dros.

Semdgom, ufro detaluri informacia xelmisawvdomi iqneba moTxonisTanave sazogadoebis da

mewileTa konsultirebisaTvis. mosalodnelia, rom es informacia Seicavdes:

• wylis obieqtebis namdvili mdgomareobis Sesaxeb xelmisawvdomi monacemebis

mimoxilvas (qimiuri, ekologiuri mdgomareoba) dakavSirebuli garemos amocanebTan

(wylis obieqtebis CamonaTvali romelnic amJamad ver asruleben maTze dakisrebul

garemos amocanebs);

• mniSvnelovani zewolebis CamonaTvali raionSi, romelic qve-dayong>ofong>ilia damateba

II.1.4.-is mixedviT.

• zegavlenaTa aRwera da maTi kavSiri zewolebTan.

• zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizis Sedegebis gamosaxva rukebis meSveobiT:

48


49

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

• mdinaris auzis raionis rukis mimoxilva, wylis obieqtebis mdebareoba da sazRvrebi;

• mniSvnelovani zewolebis ruka mdinaris auzis raionSi.

• wylis obieqtebis rukebi, romelnic Sefasdnen, rogorc amocanebis Seusruleblobis

riskis mtarebelni 2015 wlisaTvis.

• am informaciis Senaxvis saxe da xelmisawvdomoba cxadia damokidebuli iqneba

monacemTa nacionalur gamoyenebaze da moxsenebis saSualebebze.

moxsenebis Semdgomi moTxovnebi SeiZleba warmoiSvan RBMPs ganviTarebis procesidan WFD-s

muxli 13-is Sesabamisad.

3.11 zedapiruli wylebis mimoxilva

zedapiruli wylebisTvis WFD Seicavs bevr specifikur moTxovnas zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa

analizis mimarT, maSin roca sxva garkveuli

aspeqtebi saWiroeben axsnas da warmarTvas. roca zogierTi kerZo substancia da moqmedebebi

dadgenilia, Riad rCeba sakiTxi, Tu ra Seadgens mniSvnelovan zewolas. Tu CavTvliT, rom

es niSnavs nebismier zewolas, romelmac SeiZleba xeli Seuwyos amocanis Seusruleblobas,

naTelia rom wylis obieqtebTan dakavSirebuli amocanebis gageba warmoadgens zewolaTa da

zegavlenaTa analizis safuZvels. analizis dawyebidan ar aris cnobili SeuZlia Tu ara

qmedebam xeli Seuwyos warumateblobas, saWiroa garkveuli codna yvela qmedebaTa Sesaxeb

wylis mimdebare arealze. Analizi, Semdgom dagvexmareba imaT dadgenaSi, romelnic

mniSvnelovania, da unda daefuZnos konceptualuri gagebis garkveul formas, an models, Tu

rogor qmnis qmedeba zewolas, romelic iwvevs zegavlenas. DRSIP CarCo gvawvdis am

procesis gamosadeg struqturas.

konceptualuri gagebis buneba dawyvilebuli wylis obieqtis maxasiaTeblebis Sesaxeb

codnasTan, gansazRvravs zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizis tips, romelic SeiZleba

Catardes. praqtikaSi, mTeli rigi analizebi iqneba gamoyenebuli, dawyebuli martividan

kompleqsuramde. zog SemTxvevaSi martivi meTodebi warmoadgenen erTaderT xelmisawvdom

arCevans, magram isini aseve SeiZleba gamoiyenon rogorc skriningis saSualeba imis

gadasawyvetad, saWiroa Tu ara ufro rTuli meTodebi, an rogorc pirveli etapi

ganmeorebadi procesis dros.

es ZiriTadi elementebi SeiZleba daiyos ZiriTadi amocanebis CamonaTvalad da is

warmodgenilia rogorc jamuri sia qvemoT moyvanil teqstSi.

ZiriTadi amocanebis Sejameba zedapiruli wylebisTvis

Segrovili monacemebi mdinaris auzisTvis ( winapiroba zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa

analizisaTvis):

• mdinaris auzis raionis farglebSi ganxorcielebul aqtivobaTa monacemTa bazis an

monacemebis marTvis sitemebis mimarT midgoma an maTi dafuZneba da monitoringis

arsebuli monacemebi.

wylis obieqtisTvis specifikuri sabaziso informacia;

• abstraqtuli informacia mamoZravebel Zalebze wylis obieqtis mimdebare arealze.

• mamoZravebeli Zalebis mier gamowveuli zewolebis dadgena, gansakuTrebuli

damokidebulebiT im zewolebTan, romelnic CamoTvlialia damateba II. 1.4.-Si.

• abstraqtuli monacemebi specifikuri wylis obieqtisTvis, romelic moicavs

raodenobriv, hidromorfologiur, fizikur, qimiur da biologiur monacemebs.

• damokidebuli wylis obieqtebis dadgena da gansaxilveli wylis obieqtebisa,

romelnic iseve damokidebulni arian, rogorc maTi mdinareTa auzebi.

• Tu saWiroa, dinebis sawinaaRmdego da dinebis mimarTulebis wylis obieqtebs Soris

kavSirebis uzrunvelyong>ofong>a, ucxo organizaciebis CaTvliT.

damatebiT arsebuli informacia da analizi:

• wylis monitoringis arsebuli analizis mimoxilva, mdgomareoba, marTvis gegemebi da

sxva.

49


50

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

• informacia, romelic Segrovilia evropis komisiis arsebuli kanonmdeblobiT

(registirebuli an daculi arealebis gamoyeneba, muxli 6) da nacionaluri

kanonmdeblobiT.

• mimoxilva, ramdenad unariania xelmisawvdomi meTodebi saWiro Sefasebebis

Casatareblad.

amocanebi (muxli 4)

• amocanebis gansazRvra romelic miesadageba wylis obieqts.

• monitoringis arsebuli monacemebis Sefaseba (biologiuri, fiziko-qimiuri da

hidromorfologiuri), garemos amocanebTan mimarTebaSi, an savaraudo eqvivalentur

amocanebTan mimarTebaSi.

• gaazreba, ramdenad damxmarea midgoma wylis mimdebare arealis analogis gamoyenebiT.

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi, romelic unda dasruldes 2004 wlisTvis.

• Sesabamisi konceptualuri gagebas SemuSaveba wylis obieqtis maxasiaTeblebis

gaTvaliswinebiT, mimdebare arealis, qmedebebis, mamoZravebeli Zalebis, zewolebis da

amocanebis;

• Sesabamisi saSualebebis SerCeva, monacemebis xelnisawvdomobaze da konceptualur

gagebaze dayrdnobiT.

• wylis obieqtis mgrZnobiarobis Sefaseba da damokidebuli wylis obieqtebis dadgena,

romelnic zegavlenis qveS arian identificirebuli zewolebis Sedegad; Sefaseba,

aris Tu ara wylis obieqti amocanis Seusruleblobis riskis mtarebeli.

• zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa mravalferovnebis gamokvleva wylis obieqtis mimdebare

arealze – mravalferovnebam SeiZleba migviTiTos, rom SesaZloa sasargeblo

armoCndes wylis obietis qve-dayong>ofong>a RonisZiebebis praqtikuli programis SemuSavebis

mizniT.

• darwmuneba, rom mravalferovneba ar aris gamowveuli gaurkvevlobiT monacemebis

wyarosa da meTodebSi.

• analizis warmoeba cvlilebebis da tendenciebis gamokvleviT qmedebebsa da

zewolebSi, romelnic mosalodnelia 2015 wlisaTvis da mis Semdeg;

• Tu warumatebloba savaraudoa, gamonaklisebis mimoxilva, romelTa gamoyeneba

SesaZlebelia( dadgenilebiT gansazRvra, rogorc mZimed modificirebuli muxli 4.3.,

droebiTi gauareseba muxli 4.6);

• zemoTaRwerili yvela nabijis gadamowmeba rogorc (i) meti, an ukeTesi, monacemebi

gaxda xelmisawvdomi (ii) Sefasebis axali saSualebebi gaxda xelmisawvdomi da (iii)

ramdenadac gamocdileba da codna viTardeba.

produqciebi:

• zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizis Sesaxeb moxseneba 3 Tvis manZilze dasrulebidan

( muxli 15, Tavi 3.10);

• riskis qveS myong>ofong>i wylis obieqtebis pirveli CamonaTvali;

• analizis Sedegebis gamoyeneba informirebisaTvis minitoringis programis

gansaviTareblad. (muxli 8) da RonisZiebaTa programa (muxli 11).

3.12 gruntis wylebis mimoxilva

ZiriTadi amocanebis Semajamebeli CamonaTvali gruntis wylebis obieqtebis

daxasiaTebisTvis sCans qvemoTmoyvanili teqstidan.

sawyisi daxasiaTeba

arsebuli monacemebis gamoyenebiT:

gruntis wylebis ZiriTadi amocanebis Sejameba

• dagrovili monacemebi zewolebze gruntis wylis obieqtebze, gansakuTrebuli

yuradRebiT im zewolebis mimarT, romelic CamoTvlilia damateba 11, 2, 2.1.

50


51

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

• dagrovili monacemebi zemoqmedebebze gruntis wylis obieqtebze, gansakuTrebuli

yuradRebiT im zewolebis mimarT, romelic CamoTvlilia damateba 11, 2, 2.1., da

gansakuTrebuli mimarTebiT bunebrivi pirobebis mimarT.

• Ggruntis wylebis monitoringis monacemebis mimoxilva (qimiuri da wylis done) da

monacemebi damokidebul zedapirul wylebze da ekosistemebze, yuradRebiT cnobil

zewolebis da zegavlenebis mimarT gruntis wylis obieqtze, da garemos amocanebis

mimarT, romelnic Seesabamebian obieqts .(muxli 4).

• Ggruntis wylis mimoqcevis konceptualuri modelis ganviTareba, romelic aseve

ierTebs nakads asocirebuli zedapiruli wylis obieqtebisken da obieqtebidan, da

qimiuri sistemis modeli rekomendirebulia, rogorc safuZveli gruntis wylis

obieqtis gagebisa da dokumentirebisaTvis, da gadawyvetilebis miRebis

xelSesawyobad.

G * gruntis wylis mgrZnobiarobis Sefaseba dabinZurebis mimarT

dabinZurebis aRricxuli zewolebisaTvis, da imis Semowmeba,

aris Tu ara gruntis wylis obieqti kargi qimiuri statusis

miuRwevlobis savaraudo riskis qveS.

• gruntis wlis obieqtis wylis balansis Sefaseba, yuradRebis

miqceviT aRricxuli raodenobrivi zewolebis mimarT, da imis

Semowmeba, aris Tu ara gruntis wylis obieqti kargi raodenobrivi

statusis miuRwevlobis savaraudo riskis qveS.

* SesaZlo damokidebulebebis gaTvaliswineba gruntis wylis obieqtsa

da dakavSirebul wylian garemos Soris.

• qimiuri da raodenobrivi statusis gaTvaliswineba imas gadasawyvetad, aris Tu ara

gruntis wylis obieqti kargi mdgomareobis miuRwevlobis savaraudo riskis qveS,

wylian garemoSi damabinZureblebis arsebobis drois Sualedis gansazRvris CaTvliT.

• Ggruntis wylis obieqtis daxasiaTebis mimoxilva SesaZloa Catardes Tu monacemebi

zewolebsa da zegavlenebze migviTiTeben, rom SesaZloa sasargeblo iyos obieqtebis

qve-dayong>ofong>a RonisZiebaTa praqtikuli programis SemuSavebisaTvis. AamasTan nebismieri

qvedayong>ofong>a unda uTavsdebodes gruntis wylebis obieqtis gansazRvrebis ,wesebs’,

romelic Sedis komisiis instruqciaSi.

sadac ara arsebobs monitoringis monacemebi gruntis wylis obieqtisTvis, zewolaTa da

zegavlenaTa savaraudo arseboba da ararseboba unda gaTvaliswinebul iqnas gruntis wylis

obieqtis savaraudo mdgomareobis Sefasebisas. sadac, monitoringis monacemebidan

naTelia, rom gruntis wylis obieqti riskis qveSaa, an sadac ar aris adeqvaturi monacemebi

damarwmunebeli gadawyvetilebis misaRebad, rom gruntis wylis obieqti riskis qveSaa,

procesi unda gagrZeldes Semdgomi daxasiaTebiT.

Semdgomi daxasiaTeba

ZiriTadi safexurebi aormagebs daxasiaTebas, romelic garda amisa emyareba damatebiT

monacemebs da analizis ufro daxvewil teqnikas.

5. saSualebebi, romelnic exmarebian zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizs

Sesavali da mimoxilva

Ees Tavi fokusirebulia saSualebebze, romelnic saWiroa ZiriTadi midgomis

ganxorcielebisaTvis, rogorc es moxazulia me-3 TavSi, da sadac naxsenebia, rom zogierTi

am saSualebaTagan ukve xelmisawvdomia.

amJamad ar arsebobs erTi saSualeba, romelsac unari aqvs awarmoos yvela tipis wylis

obieqtebze zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa sruli analizi, da Zalian saeWvoa rom aseTi

saSualeba SemTxveviT gamoCndes. Aamitomac, es instruqcia aRwers specifikur saSualebebs,

romelic iTvaliswinebs procesis an garemos erT kerZo komponents (mag. zewolis Sefaseba,

zedapiruli wyali, gruntis wyali, biologia). Sedegebi erT saSualebaze metis gamoyenebiT

SesaZloa integrirebul iqnas wylis obieqtze zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa sruli analizis

Casatareblad.

sanam gamoiyenebT romelime saSualebas unda darwmundeT rom is Seesabameba im mizans

romlisTvisac mas iyenebT. Tqven unda gqondeT naTlad gansazRvruli amocana, ra

51


52

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

SekiTxvebs unda upasuxoT, Tu unda SearCioT saSualeba, romelsac SeuZlia gansaxilveli

zewolebis da zegavlenebis simulacia da saWiro Sedegebis mowodeba. Tqven unda

gaTviTcnobierebuli iyoT TiToeuli saSualebis SesaZleblobasa da naklovanebebSi.

instruqcia iZleva miniSnebebs aseTi gadawyvetilebebisaTvis.

TiToeul seqciaSi da damateba IV-Si aRwerilia saSualebaTa an modelebis erTi an meti

aseTi magaliTi, magram aucilebelia xazgasmiT iTqvas, rom es magaliTebi ar aris IMPRESS

rekomendirebuli an dadasturebuli saSualebebi. aRweril saSualebaTa umetesoba amJamad

gamoiyeneba wevri qveynebis mier msgavsi da albaT, identuri funqciebisTvis, romelTac

moiTxovs WFD- da, zogadad aseTi gamoyeneba aucilebelia saSualebis CasarTavad. Aarsebobs

bevri sxva saSualebac, da eWvi ar aris rom isini xelmisawvdomni gaxdebian momavalSi.

Aam instruqciaSi CasarTavad saSualeba raRac xarisxiT formaluri unda gaxdes garkveul

wesebsa da procedurebSi. amasTan, es unda daefuZnos eqspertTa msjelobis garkveul

formas, albaT konsesusis formiT, romelic farTodaa miRebuli praqtikosebs Soris,

samecniero codnis mimdinare mdgomareobas, an pirovnul gamocdilebas da codnas.

Aaraswori iqneba, iTqvas, rom rom aq aRwerili saSualebebi aucileblad ukeTesia, vidre

zewolTa da zegavlenaTa analizis Camtarebeli pirovnebis saeqsperto msjeloba.

Aadgilobrivi codnisa da gamocdilebis Rirebuleba gadametebiT ar unda Sefasdes, an

ugulvebel yong>ofong>il iqnas ufro formaluri procesis sasargeblod, romelic saidanRacaa

Semotanili. aseTi analizis Catareba unda iTvaliswinebdes mewileTa CarTvas, radgan isini

savaraudod warmoadgenen damatebiT codnas da gamocdilebas.

saSualebaTa cxrili ganixilavs zewolaTa CamonaTvals. (seqcia 4.2) da skriningiT midgomas

(seqcia 4,.3.). zewolaTa CamonaTvali Seicavs im zewolaTa daumTavrebel sias, romelnic

unda CaiTvalos zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa Sefasebis nawilad. skriningis teqnikis

gamoyeneba CaTvlilia yvelaze sasargeblod direqtivis mokle droSi ganxorcielebisaTvis.

Mmomdevno seqcia fokusirebulia magalitebze, Tu rogor unda iqnas gamoyenebuli

garkveuli teqnologiebi analizTan midgomis gamartivebis mizniT.

zogadi midgoma damyarebulia ZiriTadi safexurebis logikur monacvleobaze, romelTa

realizacia moiTxovs monacemebis da saSualebebis srul xelmisawvdomobas.

sapirispirod, seqcia 4.4. aseve ganixilavs mimdinare mdgomareobas, sadac am saWiro

saSualebaTa didi nawili ar aris xelmisawvdomi, an ar aris dadgenili. Aase, rom is

fokusirebulia saSualebebze, romelnic saWiroa specifikur kiTxebze sapasuxod. aseTi

identifikacia tardeba zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa Soris damokidebulebis analiziT da

mdgomareobasa da zegavlenaTa Soris damokidebulebis analiziT, rogorc moiTxovs

direqtivis amocanebi.

seqcia 4.4.-Si saSualebaTa saWiroeba Sedarebuli maT arsebobasTan. is dayong>ofong>ilia sam

kategoriad:

1. mTlianad xelmisawvdomi saSualebebi, romelnic garkveulwilad formaluria

wesebisa da procedurebis krebulSi. Ees saSualebebi, rodesac SesaZlebelia,

magaliTadaa moyvanili maTi aqtualuri gamoyenebis procesSi, romelic moicavs

pirobebs, romelTa drosac SesaZlebelia maTi gamoyeneba. aseT SemTxvevaSi, sruli

aRweriloba warmodgenilia damateba IV-Si.

2. saSualebebi, romelnic jer kidev laboratoriis donezea an sawyisi gamocdis

safexurzea. Ees kategoria moicavs gansazRvrul meTodebs, romelnic jer ar aris

danergili moqmed sistemaSi. maT sWirdebaT Semdgomi ganviTareba da awyoba raTa

daiwyon moqmedeba.

amasTan zogi saSualeba SeiZleba Canacvlebul iqnas eqspertTa msjelobis

garkveuli formiT.

3. ar arsebuli saSualebebi. Aam SemTxvevaSi, ganviTarebis aucilebeloba, savaraudod

kvlevis CarTviT naCvenebia SesaZlo sicarieleebis misaTiTeblad gamoyenebisas.

damateba V Seicavs 4 seqcias, romelnic dakavSirebulni arian saSualebaTa tipebTan,

dadgenilTan zogadi midgomis dros. aseTi tipebia:

• zewolaTa skriningi da Sefaseba;

• dabiZurebis zewolis raodenobrivi gansazRvra

52


53

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

• saSualebebi zewolaTa kombinirebisaTvis zemoqmedebis SefasebasTan-wylis obieqtebis

modelebi;’

da

• zemoqmedebis Sefaseba

4.2. zewolaTa cnobari

zewolaTa cnobari Seicavs zewolaTa daumTavrebel CamonaTvals, romelnic unda ganxilul

iqnan, rogorc WFD-s zewolaTa nawili da zegavlenaTa Sefaseba. es CamonaTvali SeiZleba

ganixilon, rogorc mamoZravebeli Zalebis da zewolebis Semaxsenebeli, romelic

warmoadgens winamorbeds faqtiur zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizisTvis. cxrilSi

mocemuli mamoZravebeli Zalebi da zewolebi CamoTvlilni arian Sereulad da

damoukideblad, saidanac arian naxsenebi gzebi, an substabciaTa Sesavali wyaroebi da sxva.

zewolaTa cnobari warmodgenilia or safexurad. pirveli, cxrili 4.1-Si zewolebi

dajgufebulia mamoZravebeli Zalebis 4 ZiriTad klasad, romelTac SeiZleba zegavlena

moaxdinon wylis obieqtebis gansxvavebul kategoriebze da xeli SeuSalon maT amocanaTa

SesrulebaSi. sasinji miTiTeba am savaraudo damokidebulebebze moxseniebulia cxrilSi

4.2., sadac ricxvebi pirvel svetSi cxrilSi 4.2. mianiSneben Sesatyvis wrfeebze cxril 4.2-Si.

gTxovT, gaiTvaliswinoT, rom cxrili 4.2. ireklavs cxrili 3.1. struqturas.

cxrili 4.1. zewola, romelic unda gaiTvaliswinon, ixileT cxrili 4.2. meti detalebisTvis

mamoZravebeli

Zalebi

wylis obieqtis kategoria

amocanebi


mdinareebi

tbebi

sanapiro/gruntis

wylebi

gamavali wylebi

WFD (biota)

onkanis wyali, NO3

banaoba, dasveneba

arealSi mcxovrebni,

frinvelebi

moluskebis/Tevzebis

moSeneba

10. dabinZureba

11. ojaxi

12 warmoeba (moqmedi,

istoriuli)

13. song>ofong>lis meurneoba

14. wylis kultura, TevzSeneba

15. satyeo meurneoba

16. gauvali areebi

17. maRaroebi, samtexloebi

18. nagavsayreliSenaxvis adgilebi

19. transporti

20. hidrologiuri

reJimis cvlilebebi

21. amoReba (song>ofong>lis meurneoba,

warmoeba,ojaxi)

22. nakadis regulaciis samuSaobi

23. wylis simZlavreTa samuSaoebi

24. Tevzis moSeneba

25. gagrileba

26. nakadis gafarToeba (gadacema)

X X X X

X X X X

X X X X

X X X X

X X X

X X X

X

X

X X X

X

X

X X X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X X X

X X

X X X X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X X X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

53


54

30. morfologia (Siga

cvlilebebi)

31. sasong>ofong>lo sameurneo aqtivobebi

32. urbanuli dasaxlebebi

33. warmoebis areebi

34. wyaldidobisgan dacva

35. moqmedeba, SenarCuneba

36. navigacia

X X X

X X X

X X X

X

X

X

X

X

X

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

X X X

X X X

X

X

X

X

X

40. biologia

41. Tevzaoba/mebaduroba

42. Tevzis/moluskebis moSeneba

43. wyalsatevebis gamoyeneba

X X X

X X X

X X

X

X

X

X

X

11

16

19

19

19

13

13

cxrili 4.2. gasaTvaliswinebeli zewolebis dausrulebeli CamonaTvali

n° wyaro wyaro wyaros tipis SigniT

10 Sereuli wyaro

12 urbanuli drenaJi (gamodinebis

CaTvliT)

13

13

13

15

15

15

15

15

25

Sereuli song>ofong>lis meurneoba

metyeveoba

industriuli/komerciuli mamulebi

urbanuli areebi (kanalizaciis qselis CaTvliT)

aeroportebi

samagistralo gzebi

rkinigza, liandagebi, mowyobilobebi

portebi

xnulebi ,gaumjobesebuli saTburebi, Sereuli fermeroba

naTesebi intensiuri nutrientebis da pesticidebis

gamoyenebiT an grZelvadiani SeSveli niadagis periodebi

(marcvali, kartong>ofong>ili, Saqris Warxali,

Rvino, svia, xili, bostneuli)

mesaqonleoba,-eroziis CaTvliT

mebaReoba, oranJereebis CaTvliT

song>ofong>lis meurneobis narCenebis gamoyeneba niadagisTvis

torfis mopoveba

nargavebi/niadagis momzadeba

xisWra

pesticidebis gamoyeneba

sasuqis gamoyeneba

n wyaro wyaro wyaros tipis SigniT

22

19

drenaJi

zeTiT dabinZureba

11 sxva Sereuli

19

19

11

11

11

wertilovani wyaro

Carecxili wyali

Camdinare wylebis WuWyis xmeleTze dabruneba

atmosferuli danaleqebi

gafuWebuli miwis ganlageba zedapirul wylebSi

menaveoba/navigacia

municipaluri Carecxili wyali pirvel rigSi saSinao

municipaluri Carecxili wyali, didi industriuli

komponentiT

Stormis wyali da kritikuli wyaldidobebi

privatuli Carecxili wyali, pirvel rigSi saSinao

privatuli Carecxili wyali, didi industriuli

54


55

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

11

11

19

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

12

25

12

19

12

17

17

17

15

17

27

17

18

18

18

18

industria

meSaxteoba

dabinZurebuli xmeleTi

komponentiT

navsadgurebi

gazi/benzini

qimikatebi (organuli da araorganuli)

merqnis masa, qaRaldi, &ficrebi

matyli/teqstili

rkina da foladi

sakvebis gadamuSaveba

daduReba/gamoxda

eleqtronika da sxva daqlorili gamxsnelebis

momxmareblebi

tyis masivebi /xe-tyis mkurnaloba

konstruqcia

energiis warmoeba

tyavis moTrTilva

navsaSenebi

sxva manufaqturis procesi

aqtiuri Rrma meSaxteoba

aqtiuri Ria qvanaxSiris saiti/karieri

gazis da navTis Zieba da produqcia

torfis amoReba

uxvi qvanaxSiri(da sxva) maRaroebi

uxvi qvanaxSiri (da sxva) sabados gafuWebuli grova

(arsebebi)

Zveli miwayrilis adgilebi

urbanuli industriuli saitebi(organuli da

araorganuli)

song>ofong>lis saitebi

samxedro saitebi

13

13

13

13

12

19

19

sasong>ofong>lo

wertebi

saameurneo

gaurkveveli

salosi da sxva sakvebi

cxvris farTo gamoyeneba da ganlageba

nakelis depoebi

fermis qimikatebi

song>ofong>lis meurneobis sawvavi zeTebi

song>ofong>lis meurneobis warmoebebi

18

18

18

14

14

12

12

12

21

21

21

24

narCenebis menejmenti moqmedi miwayrilis adgilebi

narCenebis gatanis moqmedi sadgurebi, nagavsayrelebi da

sxva.

ara sasong>ofong>lo narCenebis gamoyeneba niadagisTvis

wylis kultura xmeleTze dafuZnebuli TevzsaSenebi,

/wyalmcenareebi/wylis kultura

manufaqtura, gamoyeneba da

gamodineba

yvela

industriuli/ song>ofong>lis

meurneobis seqtoridan

abstraqcia

nakadis Semcireba

Tevzis moSeneba zRvis wylis rezervuarebSi

prioritetuli substanciebi

prioritetuli saxifaTo substanciebi

sxva Sesatyvisi substanciebi

dacla song>ofong>lis meurneobisTvis

dacla wyalgamyvani danadgarebisTvis

dacla industriisTvis

dacla TevzsaSenebisTvis

55


56

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

23

21

22

dacla wylis energiisTvis

dacla karierebisTvis/Ria maRaros saitebi

dacla navigaciisTvis (ew. mommaragebeli arxebi)

20 xelovnuri avseba

26 gruntis wylebis avseba

30 morfologiuri

22

21

22

nakadis regulacia

hidroeleqtruli kaSxlebi

wylis momaragebis rezervuarebi

wyaldidobisgan damcavi kaSxlebi

n wyaro wyaro wyaros tipis SigniT

22

22

wylis gadagdeba

jebirebi

36

35

31

31

32

mdinaris menejmenti

arxis fizikuri cvlileba

sainJinro aqtivobebi

song>ofong>lis meurbeobis gafarToeba

meTevzeobis gafarToeba

xmeleTis infrastruqtura (gzis/xidis konstruqcia)

miwis amoTxra

36

36

36

gardamavali da sanapiro

menejmenti

31

50

30 sxva morfologiuri barierebi

sxva antrong>ofong>ogenuri

zRvis toti (estuari) /sanapiro miwisTxra

zRvis konstruqciebi, gemTsaSenebi da navsadgurebi

xmeleTis melioracia da polderebi

xmeleTis qviSis momarageba (usafrTxoeba) (usafrTxoeba)

12

11

33

40

10

41

40

40

10

31

nagavi/gamdinare nagavi

WuWyiani naleqis ganlageba zRvaSi (istoriuli)

maRaros Sesasvlelebi/gvirabebi, romelnic zemoqmedeben

gruntis wylis dinebaze

eqsploatacia/ sxva cxovelebis mocileba/ mcenareebis

dasveneba

meTevzeoba/ mebaduroba

Semotanili jiSebi

Semotanili daavadebebi

klimatis cvlileba

xmeleTis drenaJi

skriningiT midgoma zogadi midgomis farglebSi

skriningis midgomis amocanaa, miuTiTon martivi SefasebebiT wylis im obieqtebze

romelnic gamokveTilad arian ,,riskis qveS” an ,,ar arian riskis qveS” , rom ver

Seasruleben miznebs 1015 wlisaTvis. es SeiZleba moxdes, Tu mimdinare mdgomareoba sakmaod

kargia an Zalian cudia, an Tu ar aris mosalodneli cvlilebebi zewolebSi. zogad

modgomasTan SedarebiT, skriningiT midgoma SeiZleba Catardes yvela SemTxvevaSi

(mdgomareobis Sefaseba, zegavlenis uqonlobis an garkveulobis Sefaseba) mamoZravebeli

Zalis SefasebiT, rogorc zewolaTa Camnacvleblisa. SemdgomSi, skriningiT midgoma

upiratesad emyareba arsebul monacemebs, da ara modelirebas; sxvagvarad, aseTi midgomis

gamWvirvalobis moTxovna ver Sesruldeba.

56


57

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

skriningis teqnikis sami magaliTi unda axsenon Semdegi SemTxevevebisTvis:

1. Tu mxolod zewolaTa monacemebia xelmisawvdomi, es skriningi SeiZleba gamoyenebul

iqnas amocanis Seusruleblobis riskis xelSesaSlelad.

2. Tu mamoZravebeli Zala sworadaa Sefasebuli da gaTvlili patara arealebze,

SesaZloa gamoiyenon dakvirvebis monacemebis klasificirebisTvis.

3. Tu mxolod dakvirvebis monacemebi (mdgomareoba) aris xelmisawvdomi, am SemTxvevaSi,

zewolaTa analizi savaraudoa gamoiyenon iq, sadac dakvirvebiT arasasurveli

mdgomareobaa.

magaliTebi pirveli SemTxvevisTvis 1 : im SemTxvevaSi Tu monacemebis ar aris sakmarisi

rom Sefasdes faqtiuri zegavlena, unda gamoyenebul iqnas teqnologiebi, romelic

gamoiyenebs mxolod zewolaTa monacemebs. LAWA zewolis skriningis procedura

SemuSavebul iqna mniSvnelovani zewolebis dasadgenad, romelnic miuTiTeben wylis romeli

obieqtebi arian riskis qveS da statusis romeli elementebi (biologiuri,substanciebi)

unda gaiTvaliswinon monitoringis programiT. zog SemTxvevaSi, monacemebi romelnic ukve

Segrovda sxva direqtivebis safuZvelze (mag. urbanuli Canarecxi wylis direqtiva)

gamoyenebul unda iqnas. es procedura aris sasargeblo sarCevi Tu savaraudod ras SeuZlia

zemoqmedebis gamowveva.

LAWA skriningis proceduris meore nawili naxsenebia damatebaSi, romelic exeba

zegavlenaTa Sefasebas.

cxrili 4.3. kriteriumebis magaliTebi mniSvnelovani zewolebisTvis: germanuli

zewolaTa skriningis saSualeba

LAWA

zewolebi: wertilovani wyaroebi

sazogadoebrivi Camdinare wylebis –

gamajansaRebeli sadgurebi >2000PE

(aRebulia urbanuli Canarecxi wylis

gajansaRebis direqtividan)

pirdapiri industriuli gamoyong>ofong>a

Stormis wyali/kobinirebuli Carecxili

wylis gamodineba

kriteriumebi

- wylis gadenis wliuri moculoba

-mosaxleoba (P) da mosaxleobis

eqvivalentebi (PE);

-substanciebis tvirTi germanuli Carecxili

wylis direqtivis damateba 1-is mixedviT;

-prioritetuli nivTierebebis wliuri

tvirTi, xarisxis substanciebi;

amocanis direqtiva, da mdinaris auzisTvis

specifikuri substanciebi, Tu rogor arian

es substanciebi SemosazRvrulni wylis

direqtivebiT.

- sistemaTa dadgenileba IPPC direqtivis

mixedviT=

damabinZureblebi EPER mixedviT;

-qarxnebis wliuri datvirTva movaleoba

gaakeTdes moxseneba IPPC direqtivis mixedviT.

- konkretuli sididis zRurblis

gaTvaliswineba 26 substanciis wliuri

datvirTvisTvis(ix. cxrili 1:zomis

zRurblebi;EPER);

-prioritetuli substanciebis wliuri

datvirTva, xarisxis substanciebis

amocanebis direqtiva, da mdinaris auzis

specifikuri substanciebi, Tu rogor arian

es substanciebi SemosazRvruli wylis

direqtiviT;

sakvebi industriis danadgarebi>4000EP.

-Carecxili wylis gamodineba urbanuli

arealidan >10km 2 ;

-urbanuli arealebi SeiZleba Sefades mag.

57


58

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

dafuZnebuli CORINE –miwis safarze,

gamravlebuli gamodinebis koeficientze,

Ggamonadenebi temperaturuli datvirTviT gamonadenebi temperaturuli

datvirTviT>10MW

zewolaTa Sereuli wyaroebi

kriteriumebi

Sereuli wyaroebi zogadad mimoixileba gruntis wylebis gamokvlevisas. normalurad es

monacemebi SeiZleba aseve gamoiyenon zedapiruli wylis obieqtebis aRwerisaTvis (es ar

gamoiyeneba zedapiridan eroziisTvis gradientiT >2%-ze. Tu gruntis wylis aRweris

Sedegebi ar aris xelmisawvdomi, Semdegi sidideebi SeiZleba gamoviyenoT Sereuli

zewolebis SefasebisaTvis:

-dasaxlebuli miwa >15%-ze;

-song>ofong>lis meurneoba=40%;

- Saqris Warxali, kartong>ofong>ili da

marcvleuli=sasong>ofong>lo sameurneo miwis 20% -

s;

-specialuri naTesebis miwa (venaxebi, xili,

bostneuli)= sasong>ofong>lo sameurneo miwis 5%-s.

-dabinZurebuli xmeleTi =individualuri

SemTxveva

wylisgan dacla

kriteriumebi

dacla recirkulaciis gareSe >501/s

wylis mimoqcevis regulacia

kriteriumebi

antrong>ofong>ogenuri barierebi parametri ,,antrong>ofong>ogenuri

barierebi” (nakadis dasaxlebis mimoxilva) ≥

6

morfologiuri cvlilebebi

morfologiuri cvlilebebi

parametri ,,dabrunebuli wyali” (nakadis

dasaxlebis mimoxilva) =7

gadaxris manZili >Xkm

kriteriumebi

nakadis dasaxlebis mimoxilva da SedarebiTi

monacemebi

OECD –volenveideris midgoma tbebis klasifikacize SemuSavebuul iqna Sesafaseblad, rom

tba miaRwevs garkveul trong>ofong>ikul mdgomareobas nutrientebis Setanis Sedegad (ZiriTadad

fosforis). is SesaZlebelia gamoyenebul iqnas rogorc skriningis saSualeba,

gansakuTrebiT roca aqtualuri mdgomareoba SeiZleba Seadaron SesaZlo bunebrivs.

procedura ar aris aRwerili am instruqciaSi, radgan is SeiZleba napovni iqnes

literaturaSi da nacionalur klasifikaciis sitemebSi tbebisaTvis.

SemTxveva 2-is magaliTi: evropis wylis qseli (EEA, ixileT Tavi 6 da damateba V) iyenebs

mamoZravebel Zalebs, rom dayong>ofong>il iqnas mdinaris monitoringis sadgurebis auzebi.

warmomadgenlobiTi dakvirvebis monacemebi

aCvenebs mkveTrad gamoyong>ofong>il gansxvavebebs wylis xarisxsSi wnevebis albaTobasTan

dakavSirebiT, romelnic Sedegia mamoZravebeli Zalebis arsebobisa wylis mimdebare

arealebze. stratifikaciis (Sreebad dayong>ofong>is) mowodebuli safuZveli Sedgeba mcire

elementaruli areebisgan (mag.safrangeTSi, saSualo zomaa 90km 2) isini qmnian populaciis

statistikuri sarwmunoebas wylis obieqtis mimdebare areebze.

dakvirvebis warmomadgelobiTi monacemebi gamoiyeneba drois tendenciebis Sesafaseblad

(nitratebisTvis, amoniumisTvis da sxva). martivi filtraciis teqnikis gamoyeneba iZleva

SesaZleblobas mocilebul iqnas wliuri cvlilebebi mdinaris gamodinebaSi da amgvarad

gvawvdis tendenciis statistikur Sefasebas, ,,biznesi, rogorc Cveulebriv” scenaris

mixedviT.

es midgoma iyenebs mxolod monitorirebul monacemebs da mamoZravebeli Zalis martiv

monacemebs, saxeldobr CORNE xmeleTis dafarvas da populaciis aRnusxvas.

58


59

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

magaliTi mesame SemTxvevisTvis 3 im SemTxvevaSi, roca mxolod monitoringis monacemebia

xelmisawvdomi, wylis xarisxis klasifikaciis Sedegebi gamoyenebadia, rogorc skriningis

saSualeba. momxmareblebma unda gaiTvaliswinon am sqemaTa SezRudvebi direqtivis

amocanebis nakrebTan dakavSirebiT. moTxovneba CamoTvlilia Tavi 3.5-Si. magaliTebi Sesulia

Tavi 4-is damatebaSi.

erTi magaliTi – germanuli LAWA zemoqmedebis Sesafasebeli saSualeba- gvTavazobs

gamoyenebul iqnas zRurblebi, rogorc skriningi saSualebebi wylis obieqtis

klasifikaciis Sedegebis Sesajameblad.

meore magaliTi - wylis xarisxi iTvaliswinebs (WQA) teqnologias, (ix. Tavi 6)-romelic

exmareba imis dadgenas, savaraudod ra saxis zewlebi arian CarTulni. WQA procesis

xarisxis maCveneblebi gazomili koncentraciebidan,

iZlevian gansxvavebuli wylis xarisxis sakiTxebis Sedarebis saSualebas, Tu gamoyenebuli

klasifikaciebis Sedareba SesaZlebelia. sakiTxebi romelnic gansazRvraven wylis obieqtis

srul statuss, SesaZloa gansazRvrul iqnan wylis xarisxis sakiTxebis SedarebiT.

Mmiuxedavad imisa, rom WQA da evrowylis qseli iwyeba igive monacemebiT (minitoringis

wertilebidan) maT SemuSavebuli aqvT mdinaris xarisxis sakiTxebis damatebiT Sefasebebi,

rac iZleva problematuri wylis obieqtebis Zlieri skriningis saSualebas.

HMWB instruqcia gvTavazobs zogierT saSualebas hidromorfologiuri zewolebis da

maTi zegavlenebis Sesafaseblad ( ixileT (WFD CIS instruqcia #4 Zlier modificirebuli

wylis obieqtebis Sesaxeb/HMWB). Tavi 3.4 da Tavi 4-is damateba ajamebs codnas fizikuri

cvlilebebisa da zegavlenebis kavSiris ZiriTad Ggamoyenebaze (mamoZravebeli Zalebis).

sabaziso sakiTxebi ricxobrivi modelebis gamoyenebis Sesaxeb

ekologiuri, hidrogeologiuri da geoqimiuri sistemebis maTematikuri modelebi

gamoyenebul unda iqnas wylis moZraobis stimulaciisaTvis, da damabinZureblebis bedisa da

gadaadgilebis gansazRvrisaTvis wylis obieqtze. Mmodeli iRebs mravalferovan formebs

da warmoSobs kiTxvebs, romelsac pasuxi unda gaeces (mag savaraudod rogori SeiZleba

iyos gruntis wylis qimiuri statusi?), monacemebis, drois da fondebis xelmisawvdomoba

Sesatyvisad gasaTvaliswinebelia imis gadasawyvetad, Tu ra sirTulis modelia

gamosayenebeli. zogadad, rac ufro kompleqsuria modeli, moTxovnebi monacemebis mimarT

da xarjebi ufro maRalia, da ufro didi droa saWiro mis dasasruleblad. Aamis Sedegad,

rTuli ricxobrivi modelis sizuste albaT ufro maRalia, vidre es miiRweva ufro martivi

modelis gamoyenebiT. amasTan, WFD-s mixedviT wylis obieqtis daxasiaTebis konteqstiT

arsebobs bevri kiTxvebi romelTac adeqvaturi pasuxi SeiZleba gaeces martivi modelis

meSveobiT.

rekomendirebulia mravaljeradi midgoma, sadac Semfaseblebi iwyeben martivi

konceptualuri gagebiT an analitikuri modelebiT da gadadian maTematikur modelebze,

mxolod sadac wylis obieqtebi savaraudo riskis qveS arian, an sadac RonisZiebaTa

detaluri programebia SemuSavebiuli. Mbevr SemTxvevaSi martivi analitikuri modeli

adeqvaturia, rom Seafasos damabinZureblis qcevebi, amasTan garkveul situaciebSi ufro

rTuli ricxobrivi modelebis gamoyenebaa saWiro.

Semfaseblebma SeiZleba gamoiyenon ricxobrivi modelebi dabinZurebis wertilovani da

Sereuli wyaroebis efeqtebis winaswargansazRvrisaTvis ufro farTo gruntis wylis

obieqtze da damokidebul ekosistemebze da zedapirul wylebze, aseve iwinaswarmetyvelon

wylis resursebis daclisa da xelovnuri Sevsebis efeqtebi. Amas garda, ricxobrivi

modelebis ganviTareba exmareba Semfaseblebs:

• dadginon monacemebis da codnis naklovanebebi;

• winaswargansazRvron garkveuli raodenobiT dabinZurebis zewolebis zemoqmedebebi

daSorebul receptorebze;

• iwinaswarmetyvelon garkveuli raodenobiT daclisa da xelovnuri Sevsebis

zewolebis zemoqmedeba wylis resursebze, nebismieri zemoqmedebis CaTvliT

zedapiruli wylis obieqtebze da damokidebul wylis ekosistemebze;

• damabinZureblebis bedisa da gadaadgilebis winaswargansazRvra;

59


60

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

• modeliT winaswargansazRvrisas sivrculi da droebiTi cvalebadobis dadgena (rac

xSirad SeuZlebelia martivi analitikuri modelebiT).

saSualebaTa identifikacia: saWiros da arsebulis Sedareba da magaliTebi

IMPRESS orientiri exeba zemoqmedebebsa da zewolebs. amasTan dakavSirebuli saSualebebi

identificirebulia ori mimarTulebiT: isini an SesaZlebels xdian raodenobrivad

ganisazRvros zewola, romelic savaraudod iwvevs zegavlenas an SesaZlebels xdian

Sefasdes mdgomareoba (zegavlenis Sefaseba mdgomareobis cvlilebis Sedegad) .

Ees identifikacia tardeba wylis obieqtebis ZiriTadi kategoriebisaTvis, mag. Mmdinareebis,

tbebis, da wyalsatevebisTvis, gruntis wylebis da gamavali wylebisTvis. zogierTi

saSualeba TvalsaCinod saerToa garkveuli kategoriebisTvis. Ziebis gasamartiveblad,

zewolebi dajgufebulni arian identuri funqciebis mixedviT (nutrientebis gamoyong>ofong>a),

Tavad wyaroebis gauTvaliswineblad.

saSualebaTa identifikacia gamosaxulia oTxi formis konstruqciiT, TiToeuli TiToeul

wylis obieqtis kategoriaze. Yyvela cxrils aqvs erTnairi struqtura: amocanebi mocemulia

svetebis TavSi, da zewolebi –wrfeebSi. TiToeuli ujra warmoadgens ,,saSualebaTa jgufs”

romelnic aRqmulni arian rogorc mosalodnel informaciis momwodebelni. Uujredis feris

kodi adasturebs sul cota erTi saSualebis arsebobas, romelsac SeuZlia zewolis

raodenobrivi gansazRvra da dakavSirebul zegavlenaTa Sefaseba. mniSvnelobis aramqone

ujredebi miTiTebuli arian, rogorc ,,NA” anu ,,ar gamoyenebadi”. mdgomareobis Sefaseba

ganixileba rogorc kategoriis komponentebTan dakavSirebuli ZiriTadi saSualeba, da

moxseniebulia TiToeuli formis pirvel xazze.

4.5.1. saSualebebi mdinareebisTvis

cxrili 4.4. mdinaris wylis mobieqtebisaTvis saWiro saSualebebis xelmisawvdomobis

Sefaseba

mdinareebi WFD Ddaculi arealebi

saSualebaTa kategoriebi :

1. xelmisawvdomi da

danergili

saSualebebi

2. xelmisawvdomi

magram

saSualebebi

3. araxelmisawvdomi

saSualebebi

daunergavi

Ffiziko-qimia

Flora

Uuxerxemloebi

Tevzebi

zewolis kvalifikacia ToToeuli zewolis jgufze

dabinZureba

Nnutrientebi

zogadi pirobebi

60

Sasmeli wyali,

nitratebi

Bbanaoba, dasveneba

Mobinadreebi, Tevzebi

SeniSvnebi meTodebze

da saWiro monacemebze

Moneris, Nopolu, evrowylis qseli

toqsinebi

mxolod nawilobrivi Sefaseba

paTogenebi

wylis reJimi

Ddacla, amoReba, Senaxva saSualebebi, romelnic ar moicaven

yvela mizans

wyaldidobis

cvlileba

reJimis

bevri maCvenebeli, arc mTliani

procedura da arc adgilobrivi

mimaniSnebeli monacemebi


61

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

cvlileba wylis dinebis

reJimSi

61

Mmxolod qimiasTan urTierTobebia

dokumentirebuli, sxvagvarad lokaluri

eqspertizaa saWiro

mZime cvlileba gamodinebaSi gansazRvrebebi, romelnic unda

formalurni gaxdnen

morfologia

xangrZlivi kursis gaxleCa

Kkalapotis xelovnuri

Seqmna

SenarCuneba, kalapotis

samuSaoebi

cvlileba

mdinaris

mimarTulebaSi

Fformis (facias) cvlileba

Nnapirebis xelovnuri Seqmna

Ddestruqcia/damatebebis

blokireba

biologia

Ppirdapiri STanTqva

maCveneblebi ar aris xelmisawvdomi

Nnawilobrivi STanTqvis statistika

TevzWeris menejmenti

jiSebis Semotana kavSirebi bunebrivi konservaciis

mimoxilvebis SeqmnasTan

daavadebaTa Semotana

Mmdgomareobis Sefaseba

cudi dokumentacia

magaliTad LAWA, finuri Sefasebis

saSualeba, E&W cxaurebi, SEQ-eau

(garemos Sefasebis erTeuli). wylis

angariSebi da eurowylis qseli

Sedegebis dasagroveblad.

SeniSvna, rom arsebuli klasifikaciebi Cveulebriv ar afaseben biologiuri elementebis

gansxavebebs bunebrivi statusisgan, rogorc amas moiTxovs WFD.

Ddamateba V.1.2. amgvarad, maTi Sedegebi SemosazRvruli miSvnelobisaa, magram gamoyenebulni

unda iyvnen pirveli Sefasebisas 2004w. (Semdgomi axsna TavSi 3.6.)

zewolis da zegavlenis raodenobrivi Sefasebis saSualebebi xelmisawvdomia

mxolod SemosazRvruli raodenobis zewolaTa tipebisaTvis, ZiriTadad,

romelnic exeba organul da nutrientebiT gamowveul dabinZurebis tvirTs.

saSualebaTa jgufis gaTvaliswinebiT, am jgufebis mxolod 10% SeiZleba magaliTad iqces

danergili saSualebebis meSveobiT. sapirispirod, jgufebis didi nawili (45%-mde

TiToeuli) kvlav saWiroebs Zalisxmevas an ganxorcielebis an samecniero

ganviTarebisaTvis, ZiriTadad morfologiasTan dakavSirebul SefasebebSi.

zewolaTa raodenobrivi Sefaseba idealurad SiZleba moxdes monitoringis monacemebis

gamoyenebiT. amasTan, aseTi monacemebi ar arseboben mravali pirobebis dros, an ar arian

minitorirebulni. Tumca, arsebuli saSualebebi

iyeneben alternatiul informacias zewolis raodenobrivi SefasebisTvis. sasong>ofong>lo

sameurneo zewolis informaciisaTvis niadagis tipze, sasong>ofong>lo sameurneo aqtivobaze da

menejmentis strategiaze damuSavebulia, maSin roca Canarecxi wylis gamonadenis

zewolisaTvis saWiroa dadgindes populaciis Senatanis eqvivalenti mcenareebisaTvis da

gadamuSavebis tipi.

saSualebis gamoyenebis Sedegi unda gaerTiandes sxva saSualebasTan, romelic

akombinirebs informacias zewolebze, mimRebi wylis obieqtis warmoCinebiT. Aase, magaliTad,

zewola daclis Sedegad pirvelad raodenobrivad fasdeba, da Semdeg kombinirdeba

informaciasTan mdinaris sistemaze aqtualuri zegavlenis dasadgenad.

amJamad danergili saSualebebi, romelic exeba dabinZurebis zewolebs (magaliTebi aRebuli

MONERIS-dan, NOPOLU, SENTWA, ix. Ddamateba IV) ar aris fundamenturad gansxvavebuli.

qveynis moTxovnebis Sesabamisad, da moxsenebis saWirobebisaTvis, zogierTi procesi metad


62

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

Tu naklebad detalizebulia, rogorc es naCvenebia qvemoT (ufro detaluri prezentacia da

miniSnebebi mocemulia damateba IV-Si.);

• germanuli MONERS (nutrientebis gamonaJonis modelireba mdinareTa sistemebSi)

sxvadasxva gzebiT afasebs nutrientebis Setanas germaniis baltiis zRvis mimdebare

arealis mdinaris auzebSi. Mmodeli damyarebulia geografiul sainformacio

sistemebze (CIS), romelic Seicavs cifrul rukebs iseve rogorc farTo statisikur

informacias da monitoringis monacemebs mdinareebSi, gruntis wylebSi, drenaJze da

wertilovani wyaroebidan gamonadenze. wylis dabinZurebis ZiriTadi gzebi

gaTvaliswinebulia da teqnikuri informaciis da codnis ararsebobis SemTxvevaSi,

isini damuSavebulia zusti koeficientebis meSveobiT. Mmodelis SemuSavebis erTi

gansakuTrebuli maxasiaTebelia, rom gansxvavebuli qve-modelebi validurad

CaTvlilia damoukidebeli monacemebis gamoyenebiT, magaliTad gruntis wylis

modeli SemuSavebuli iqna gruntis wylebSi nanax azotis koncentraciebze

dakvirvebiT, da ara mdinareSi nutrientebis tvirTze dakvirvebaze dayrdnobiT;

• NOPOLU sistema moicavs nebismieri teretoriis wyalTan dakavSirebuli

maxasiaTeblebis srul aRwerilobas, magaliTad safrangeTis qalaqebis dasaxlebebs,

sadac is progresulad inergeba. hidrologiuri da administraciuli ganawilebis

damokidebulebebi imarTeba sistemis specifikuri kavSirebis meSveobiT (didi

qalaqebis gamonayong>ofong>i daSorebul mdinareSi) an jvaredini informaciiT, romelic

amoRebulia CIS cxrilebidan, rogoricaa CORINE xmeleTis safari. sistemis

mniSvnelovani maxasiaTeblebia Sedegebis SeerTebis da daSlis SesaZlebloba

nebismier farglebSi, rac pasuxobs moxsenebis specifikur moTxovnebs. sistema

orientirebulia statusis Sefasebaze, zewolis kvalificirebasa da zegavlenaTa

analizze, fokusirebulia ra dakvirvebebis monacemTa gamokvlevaze. Ggamonadenebis

gamoTvla miznad isaxavs datvirTvis dadgenas, didi wyaroebis monitoringis

monacemebis da arealis wyaroebis statistikuri monacemebis Sejamebas;

• SENTWA modeli ,,nutrientebis gadatanis Sefasebis sistema zedapirul wylebSi “

astimulirebs nutrientebis gamodenas song>ofong>lis meurneobidan (,,nakelis sasuqiT

gamdidreba) zedapirul wylebSi. Ees aris naxevrad empiriuli modeli, romelic

raodeobrivad afasebs nutrientebis gamodenis sidides. is raodenobrivad

gansazRvravs totaluri N-is da totaluri P-s datvirTvas (kg an tona N/P kg an tona

N/P TiTo heqtarze) wliur an Tviur bazisze da mdinaris ToToeul mimdebare

arealze belgiis flandriaSi.

instruqcia #3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

62


63

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

mimdinare Zalisxmeva, rom Sedarebul iqnas nutrientebiT gamowveuli dabiZurebis modelebi,

tardeba EUROHARPiniciativiT (detalebi xelmisawvdomia vebsaitze hrrp://www.euroharp.org.site).

saubedurod, samuSaos grafiki ar Seesabameba 2004 wlis moxsenebas, magram sasargeblo

iqneba direqtivis ganxorcielebis mogvianebiTi fazebis dros.

mdinareze zewolebis modelirebis saSualebebis didi raodenoba, romelTa magaliTia

SIMCAT (ixileT damateba), SemuSavebulia da daxarisxebulia. Ees modelebi SemuSavebulia

upiratesad fiziko-qimiuri zewolebis meqanizmebis simulaciisaTvis, da ar gvexmareba

direqtivis mier Semotanili axali sakiTxebis Sesafaseblad.

Ddanergili saSualeba, romelsac unari aqvs Seafasos hidrologiuri reJimis da

morfologiis cvlilebaTa zegavlena, ar aris identificirebuli. Mmiuxedavad amisa, adre

xelmisawvdomi monacemebi gamodinebis da wylis donis amaRlebis Sesaxeb SeiZleba

gamoyenebul iqnas specialuri maCveneblebis Sesaqmnelad. magaliTad, loqos gamravlebis

pirobebi, Tevzis gadasatani trapis efeqturoba, kaSxlis avsebis zemoqmedeba da sxva.

SesaZloa Sefasdes dRiuri gamodinebis monacemebis da martivi amaRleba-gadineba

damokidebulebebis statistikis gamoTvliT. mTavari warumateblobaa, mimdinare saCvenebli

monacemebis ar arseboba, romelic SeiZleba miesadagos TiToeul ganxilul wylis obieqts:

ras niSnavs wylis donis amaRleba Waobian mindorze, ra niSnavs gamodineba aRWurvili

kaSxalidan, ramdeni ,,mcire” wyaldidobaa aq?

Mmdgomareobis Sesafasebeli saSualebebi, Cveulebriv kargad dokumentirebuli da

xelmisawvdomia. isini iyeneben monitoringis monacemebs, romelnic SeiZleba gamoiyenon da

savaraudo zegavlenebi aqedan gamoiyvanon.

Qqveynebis umetesobam SeimuSava Tavisi sakuTari klasifikaciis sistemebi,

romelnTac garkveuli gansxvavebebi gaaCniaT koncefciaSi. Ffinuri wylis xarisxis

klasifikaciis sistema (damateba IV) SemuSavda informaciis gasacemad wylis gamoyenebaze

adamianTa miznebisaTvis. is iTvaliswinebs mxolod ekologiuri xarisxis elementebs,

romelTac pirdapiri zemoqmedeba aqvT wylis gamoyenebis SesaZleblobaze. is erTnairad

eqceva

wylis yvela obieqts, da ar ansxvavebs wylis sxvadasxva kategoriebs an wylis obieqtebis

tipebs. Kklasifikacia ZiriTadad damyarebulia qimiuri xarisxis elementebze, magram aseve

zog biologiur elementze, rogoricaa higienis maCveneblebi, qlorong>ofong>ili da

wyalmcenareebi. Kkriteriumebi da zRurblis maCveneblebi mocemulia damatebaSi.

inglisisa da uelsis mdinareTa ekosistemebis klasifikaciis sqema, romelTa zRurblebi

mocemulia damatebaSi, iyenebs rva fiziko-qimiuri determinantis cxrils, romelic

miesadageba monitoringis wertilebs.

G gamoyenebuli fiziko-qimiuri raodenobebi SeiZleba mopovebul iqnas dakvirvebis

monacemebidan an Seqmnili modelidan. Kklasebi 1 da 2 iTvleba oragulis da kobris jiSis

Tevzebis populaciebisTvis xelsayreli pirobebis warmomdgenad.

Ggermanuli Sefasebis saSualeba, dadgenili LAWA-s mier (wyalze momuSave saxelmwifo

jgufi) afasebs wylis obieqtis mdgomareobas garemos xelmisawvdomi monitoringis

meSveobiT. sxva saSualebebisgan gansxvavebiT is iTvaliswinebs dagrovil kriteriumebs,

mdinaris qselis trong>ofong>ikuli mdgomareobis CaTvliT. albaTobis Sefaseba, rom kargi

ekologiuri an qimiuri mdgomareoba ver miiRweva dakvirvebis periodis manZilze, romelic

Catarebulia damatebaSi dazustebuli wesis mixedviT.

Ffranguli SEQ miznad isaxavs gaiTvaliswinos wylis sistemis yvela Semadgeneli (

mdinareebi, tbebi, gruntis wylebi, gamavali ) da maTi komponentebi (wyali, biologia,

morfologia). Mmdgomareoba fasdeba

zRurblis doneebis SedarebiT, romelic dadgenilia determinantebis Sesatyvisi

jgufebisTvis gamoyenebis tipis gaTvaliswinebiT. aseTi midgoma ajamebs yvela xelmisawvdom

informacias da dadgenilebas, sirTulis garkveuli xarisxis xarjze. Mmeti detalebi

warmodgenilia damateba IV-Si.

Sejameba, romelic exeba mdinareebisTvis gamosadeg saSualebebs

Mmravali saSualebaa xelmisawvdomi, magram saubedurod isini fokusirebulni arian

klasikur dabinZurebaze, romelic SeiZleba gamoiTvalos da modelirebul iqnas.

Hhidrologiuri zewolebisTvis mravali siaxlis SemuSavebaa saWiro. Aam SemTxvevaSi, unda

63


64

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

ganisazRvros maCveneblebis Cveulebrivi rigi, kopirebuli Sesatyvisi zRurblis

maCveneblebis lokaluri gansazRvriT. morfologia da biologiuri zewolebi, romelnic

kargad ar arian gagebulni, saWiroben

saSualebebis ganviTarebas ekologiuri statusis Sesafaseblad, garemos damsaxleblebis da

frinvelebis CaTvliT wylis midebare arealebze.

4.5.2. saSualebebi tbebisa da wyalsatevebisTvis

cxrili 4.5.

tbebis wylis obieqtebisTvis saWiro saSualebebis

xelmisawvdomobis xarisxis Sefaseba

tbebi

saSualebaTa

kategoriebi:

1.xelmisawvdomi da

danergili

saSualebebi

2. xelmisawvdomi,

magram jer ar

danergili

saSualebebi

3.

araxelmisawvdomi

saSualebebi

EFWFD D daculi areebi

SeniSvnebi

meTodebze da

saWiro monacemebi

Ffiziko-qimiuri

flora

uxerxemloebi

Tevzebi

sasmeli wyali, nitratebi

Ddabana, dasveneba

Mmcxovrebni, frinvelebi

zewolis raodenobrivi gansazRvra TiToeuli zewolis jgufisTvis,

dabinZurebebi

Nnutrientebi

OECD, Moneris, Nopolu

zogadi pirobebi

toqsinebi

mikrobebi

wylis reJimi

dacla

cvlilebebi wylis

zogierTi

maRali periodis

maCvenebeli

dros

clilebebi wylis

dabali periodis

dros

amoRebis

menejmenti

morfologia

Nnapirebis

xelovnuri Seqmna

sanapiro zolis

ganadgureba

biologia

Ppirdapiri daWera

Tevzaobis marTva

saxeobebis

Semotana

daavadebaTa

Semotana

Mmdgomareobis

Sefaseba

Llokaluri

modelebi

Ffinuri Sefasebis

saSualeba, SEQ-lacs

64


65

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

zewolisa da zegavlenis raodenobrivi Sefasebis saSualebebi, romelnic

raodenobrivad adgenen dabinZurebis tvirTs, ar gansxvavdebian maTgan, romelnic esadagebian

mdinareebs da isini ar ganixilebian ganmeorebiT.

YzegavlenaTa Sefasebis yvelaze zogadi saSualeba aris OECD modeli (cnobili, rogorc

Vollenweider-is modeli), ukve naxsenebi ,,skriningis seqciaSi”. isini SeiZleba gamoyenebul

iqnas ufro detaluri SefasebisTvis, vidre skriningia, radgan ufro zustad gvawvdis

Setanil datvirTvebs da ganaxlebis droc xelmisawvdomia.

radgan bevri tba kaSxalebis aSenebis Sedegia, wylis xarisxze amoRebis zewola

gamokvleulia bevr qveyanaSi. arCeviTi amoRebis modelebi gamoiyeneboda 1980 wels

kaSxlebis marTvis wesebis dasanergad, romelTac SeeZloT SeecvalaT wylis maragebis

Termuli dajgufeba da SeemcirebinaT wyalmcenareebiT dabinZureba (eutrong>ofong>ikacia).

Pparalelurad, mravali kvleva mieZRvna damokidebulebaTa gagebas wylis donis cvlilebasa

(wylis gamoyenebis gamo) da napirebis biologiur funqcionirebas Soris. Mmizani ormagi

gaxldaT: wylis obieqtis moxerxebulobis gazrda; gansakuTrebiT turizmis sezonisTvis,

da rezervuaris konstruqciis mavne efeqtebis Semcireba;

im faqtis miuxedavad rom aseTi midgomis Sedegebi ar SeiZleba ganixilon, rogorc

mTlianad danergili saSualebebi, isini SeiZleba gamoyenebul iqnan kvlevis safuZvlad,

gansakuTrebiT Tu eqspertebi, romelnic muSaobdnen am wylis obieqtebze kvlav iseT

adgilebze arian, rom SeZleben daexmaron direqtivis ganxorcielebas.

saxelmwifo Sefasebis saSualebebi rutinul safuZvelze inergeba mxolod SezRuduli

raodenobis qveynebSi, romelnic akvirdebian am wylebs. Uumetesobas saqme aqvs ZiriTadad

eutrong>ofong>kaciis sakiTxebTan, rac farTodaa asaxuli literaturaSi. Mmiznebis

Seusruleblobis riskebis Sefasebisas sasmel da sabanao wylebTan mimarTebaSi, unda

gamoyenebul iyos monacemebi, romelnic SesabamisobaSia EU-direqtivebTan 75/440/EEC

(zedapiruli wyali, romelic gamiznulia sasmeli wylis amosaRebad) da

76/160/EWG (sabanao wylebi).

Sejameba, romelic ukavSirdeba tbebisTvis gamosadeg saSualebebs

Tu gaviTvaliswinebT saSualebaTa jgufs, virtualurad verc erT maTgans ver moviyvanT

ganxorcielebuli saSualebis magaliTad. maTgan daaxloebiT naxevari kvlav saWiroebs

Zalisxmevas ganxorcielebisaTvis,

danarCeni saWiroebs samecniero ganviTarebas, ZiriTadad hidrologiuri reJimTan

dakavSirebuli Sefasebebi. Kkvlav, aRiniSneba saSualebaTa nakleboba, romelnic aRweren

zegavlenebs saxeobaTa Semadgenlobis sxvaobaze da biologiuri elementebis bunebriv

mdgomareobaTa siuxveze.

4.5.3. saSualebebi gruntis wylebisTvis

Ggruntis wylebis mgrZnobiarobis rukebi da maCveneblebi warmoadgenen sasargeblo

saSualebebs, dabinZurebis savaraudo zegavlenebis daxasiaTebis procesSi. Tu

gaviTvaliswinebT garkveuli faqtorebis jgufs, gruntis wylebis mgrZnobiaroba

dabinZurebis mimarT SeiZleba daxarisxdes dabinZurebis zewolis mixedviT xeleTis

zedapirze.

tipiurad, mgrZnobiarobis ranJirebis meTodebi iTvaliswneben rig parametrebs, rogoricaa:

* fekaluri Canarecxebis arseboba, buneba da sisqe, Semarbilebeli Tvisebebis CaTvliT,

* zedapiruli (danaleqebis) depozitebis arseboba, buneba da sisqe, Semarbilebeli

Tvisebebis CaTvliT

* gruntis wylebis dinebis meqanizmi wylian midamoSi (mag. Mmatriqsi, naxleCi, Warbi ormagi

forianoba)

* wylis fskeris siRrme

Ggruntis wylebis mgrZobiarobis rukebi, romelnic emyareba regionul Sefasebebs

maCveneblebze dafuZnebuli sistemis gamoyenebiT, SeiZleba gamoyenebul iqnas rogorc

skriningis saSualeba zewolebiT gamowveuli zegavlenebis SedarebiTi farglebis

dasadgenad.

65


66

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

isini SesaZloa sasargeblo aRmoCndnen SefasebisTvis, arian Tu ara gruntis wylis

obieqtebi dabinZurebis wyaroebidan riskis qveS, sawyisi daxasiaTebis dros.

gruntis wylebis mgrZnobiarobis Sefaseba SeiZleba kombinirebul iqnas difuzuri

dabinZurebis wyaroebis qcevis modelirebasTan, rogorc maTTvis, romelic SemuSavebulia

nitratebisaTvis niderlandebSi (STONE);

detalebi xelmisawvdomia saitze http://www.riza.nl/projection_nl.html site) an pesticidebisTvis

gaerTianebul samefoSi (POPPIE); detalebi xelmisawvdomia saitze http://www.meds-sdmm.dfompo.gc.ca/meds/prog_Int/ECES/ICES_e.htm

site), gruntis wylebis farglebSi wylis xarisxis mTliani

riskis gasaTvaliswineblad.

Txeli Canarecxebi

(araa gadaadgileba)

sqeli, Tixis Canarecxebi

Txeli ujeri zona

maRali wylis done

dabali gamtarianoba

danaleqebi

wylis Rrma horizonti

nabzari kirqva

maRali mowyvladoba

qviSa da riye

dabali mowyvladoba

grafiki 4.1. maRali da dabali mowyvladobis gruntis wylebi (UK gruntis wylebis forumis

privilegia)

gruntis wylebis modelebi: gruntis wylebis dinebis modelireba

66


67

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

sasargebloa sami ZiriTadi miznis gamo. is SesaZloa sasargeblo iyos gruntis wylebis

obieqtebis da asocirebuli wylis obieqtebis daclisa da xelovnuri avsebis savaraudo

zegavlenaTa winaswargansazRvrisTvis, da Semdgomi SefasebisaTvis savaraudod miaRwevs Tu

ara gruntis wylis obieqti karg raodenobriv statuss. Mmeorec, gruntis wylis dinebis

myari modelis SemuSaveba warmoadgens nebismieri dabinZurebis gadatanis modelirebis

aucilebel winapirobas, romelic Catarebulia rogorc dabinZurebis zewolaTa analizis

nawili wylis am obieqtze. sabolood, modeli Zvirfasi xdeba mogvianebiT, WFD

RonisZiebaTa efeqturi programis SemuSavebis procesSi da wylis obieqtis marTvisas.

Ggruntis wylis mimoqcevis modelebi aseve, tipiurad, axdenen gruntis wylis

urTierTqmedebis simulacias hidrologiuri ciklis sxva nawilebTan. urTierTqmedebebi

gruntis da zedapirul wylebs Soris da Waobian miwebs Soris SesaZloa simulirebul

iqnas, rac sasicocxlo mniSvnelobisaa urTierTqmedebebis winaswar ganmsazRvrisaTvis

zedapiruli wylis obieqtebs da maTze mikuTvnebul gruntis wylis obieqtebs Soris.

Ggruntis wylis wyaroebis modelebi iReben mraval formas, martividan, normalur,

analitikur wylis balansis modelebidan gruntis wylis obieqtSi Setanili da gamotanili

wylis raodenobis Sesaxeb, obieqtis SigniT gruntis wylis mimoqcevis sistemis rTul

ricxobriv modelebamde.

Mmartivi modelebi Seicaven standartul analitikur gadawyvetebs, wylis donis awevisas

amoRebaTa efeqtebis Sesaxeb. zogadad xelmisawvdomi saSualebebi, rogoricaa Aqufer Win 32

(detalebi mocemulia vebsaiteze http://www. aquiferanalysis.com/modelsum.thm site) da ukve

xelmisawvdomia P-testi,

romelic iZleva tumboTi burRviTi samuSaobis monacemebis analizis saSualebas wylis

doneTa zegavlenebis winaswar gansazRvrisaTvis.

regionuli kvlevebisTvis, an sadac ufro rTuli analizia saWiro gamoiyeneba MODEFLOW

(detalebi mocemulia vebsaiteze: http://water.usgs.gov/song>ofong>tware/modflow.html site), romelic

warmoadgens farTod gamoyenebad gruntis wylis mimoqcevis cifrul models, Seqmnils

AaSS-s geologiuri mimoxilviTi kvlevis Sedegad, romelic ufulodaa xelmisawvdomi.

Aalternatiuli kodi, rogoricaa MIKE -SHE (detalebi mocemulia vebsaiteze: http://www.

dhisong>ofong>tware.com/mikeshe/site) aseve gamoiyeneba wevri qveynebis nawilSi gruntis wylis momoqcevis

simulaciisaTvis wylis mimdebare arealze.

sadac gruntis wylis mimoqcevis reJimi gasagebia, Semdgom SesaZlebelia dabinZurebis

zewolaTa efeqtebis gaTvaliswineba. Uukve arsebobs saSualebaTa rigi, romelic albaT

gamosadegia ConSim CaTvliT (detalebi mocemulia vebsaiteze: http://www.environmentagency.gov.uk/subjects/waters/groundwater

site ) analitikuri modeli, romelic Seqmnilia garemos

saagentos mier (inglisi & uelsi) da iyenebs albaTobis saSualebebs, rom winaswar

gansazRvros Carecxili kanalizaciis wyliT da zedapiruli gamonayong>ofong>ebiT, dabinZurebis

zegavlenis dasadgenad gruntis wylis xarisxze. sadac ufro rTuli kodebia Sesatyvisi,

MODEFLOW (detalebi mocemulia vebsaiteze: (http://water.usgs.gov/song>ofong>tware/modflow.html site

)SesaZlebelia kombinirebul iqnas

Tavisufal (gadaxdis gareSe) dabinZurebis satransporto kodebTan, MT3D Aan MT3DMS

(detalebi mocemulia vebsaiteze: (http://hydro.geo.ua.edu/mt3d/site) wertilovani wyaroebidan

wamosuli dabinZurebis zegavlenaTa winaswar gansazRvrisaTvis. Ppatentirebuli winaswari

damuSavebis programebi aseve xelmisawvdomia MODEFLOW-ze.

Sereuli dabinZurebisaTvis, arsebuli cifrobrivi modelebi naklebad

Ddamxmarea, amasTan gruntis wylebis daucvelobis Semowmeba warmoadgens Zvirfas

saSualebas gruntis wylis xarisxis riskebis Sesafaseblad aseT pirobebSi. wylis CarCo

direqtiva ar akeTebs gansxvavebebs gruntis wylebs Soris sxvadasxva SreebSi. yvela

gruntis wyali moiTxovs erTnairi xarisxis dacvas dabinZurebisagan. amasTan, zegavlena

romelic SesaZloa gamoiwvios dabinZurebis zewolam cvalebadobs saitidan saitamde,

qvemdebare niadagis hidrogeologiur Tvisebebze, gadaadgilebaze da geologiuri plastis

simyareze damokidebulebiT.

Sedegad, dabinZurebis mocemuli zewolisTvis, gruntis wylis obieqtis mdgomareobaze

zegavlena, da RonisZiebaTa potenciuri programa cvalebadobs wylis sxvadasxva garemoSi.

4.5.4. saSualebebi gamavali wylebisTvis

67


68

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

Mmdgomareobis Sesafasebeli saSualebebi bolomde ar arian SemuSavebuli, da albaT ar

arian srulad gansazRvruli, radgan ar arsebobs sruli SeTanxmeba samecniero

sazogadoebaSi.

Yyvelaze ukeT Seswavlili sakiTxebi ukavSirdebian eutrong>ofong>ikaciis (mcenareebiT

dabinZureba) mizezebs da sazogadoebriv jandacvasTan mimarTebaSi myong>ofong>i movaleobebis

warmatebul gamoyenebas.

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa raodenobrivi gansazRvris saSualebebi dakavSirebuli

nutrientebis gamodinebasTan aRwerilia mdinareTa seqciaSi. yvelaze gamokveTili

gansxvaveba HARP/Nut and HARP/Haz gaidlainebSi mowonebulia Ospar konvenciiT, gamonaklisia

Harp/Nut GL6,

romelic amJamad Sefasda adre naxsenebi Euroharp programiT (ixileT damateba).

Harp/Nut gaidlainebi ar aris ,,saSualeba” , magram isini gvawvdian Tanmimdevrul CarCos,

nutrientebis tvirTis raodenobrivi SefasebisTvis (organuli nivTiereba), romelic

gamoiyong>ofong>a zRvaSi da gamdinare wylebSi, da maTi SefasebisaTvis da dajgufebisaTvis

mdinareTa napirebze, sadac gamoiyeneba es Sedareba.

Ees sakiTxi saxseneblad mniSvnelovania, radgan Sedegebi Zalze gamWvirvalea da advildeba

informaciis miwodeba sazogadoebisaTvis.

winaT naxsenebi dabinZurebis Semafasebeli saSualebebi, amorCeviTad miuTiTeben am

orientirebze da gamoTvlil Sedegebze, romelnic gaidlainebis moTxovnaTa formats

Seesabameba: saSualebebiT (kanalizaciis sistema, wylis gamwmendi sadgurebi, da sxva) da

wyaroebiT (saSinao, industriuli, da sxva) da amgvarad, amzadeben gansazRvrebas gaTvlili

programebisaTvis, dabinZurebis dasamarcxeblad.

MamasTan, Casatarebelia zogierTi cvlileba, raTa moxseneba gakeTdes

TiToeul wylis obieqtze, radgan Ospar moiTxovs informacias mxolod zRvaSi Cadinebebis

Sesaxeb.

cxrili 4.6.

sanapiro &gamdinare wylis obieqtebisaTvis saWiro

saSualebebis xelmisawvdomobis xarisxis Sefaseba

sanapiro-

WFD

Ddaculi arealebi

gamdinare

saSualebaTa kategoriebi:

1. xelmisawvdomi da

danergili

saSualebebi

2. xelmisawvdomi,

magram jer

gamouyenebeli

saSualebebi

SeniSvnebi

meTodebze da

saWiro

3. ara xelmisawvdomi

saSualebebi

monacemebze

zewolis raodenobrivi gansazRvra zewolaTa TiToeul jgufze

dabinZurebebi

Nnutrientebi

Moneris, Nopolu, Harp.Nut

zogadi pirobebi

toqsinebi

Harp/Haz

Mmikrobebi

wylis reJimi

cvlileba wylis moqcevis

Nnavigaciis samuSaobi, didi

reJimSi

wyalsacavebis modifikacia

cvlileba dinebis

gadaadgilebis

ganawilebaSi

nakadis Zlieri cvlilebebi

morfologia

Ffiziko-qimiuri

flora

uxerxemloebi

68

Tevzebi

Mmoluskebis

moSeneba

Bbanaoba/dasveneba

macxovreblebi/frin

velebi

jebiris gamoyeneba wyalsacavze


69

grZelvadiani kursis

gaxleCa

SenarCuneba, wylis

kalapotis modifikacia

sanapiro zolis cvlileba

xmeleTis da napiris

xelovnuri cvlileba

cvlileba/

hidro/danaleqebSi

moqcevaTa Soris arealis

blokireba

biologia

Ppidapiri dakaveba

saxeobaTa Semotana

daavadebaTa Semotana

Mmdgomareobis Sefaseba

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

Eerozia in dev.

Eerozia in dev.

CIEM/CES

magaliTad, SEQ-ETM

Ggamaval wylebze mniSvnelovani zewolebi dakavSirebulia cvlilebebTan hidrologiur da

moqcevaTa reJimebSi, romelic mdinareze an wyalsacavze kaSxlebis Senebis Sedegia da

navsadgurebis da sanavigacio samuSaobisa. eqspertTa msjelobis erTi magaliTi

zegavlenaTa SefasebisTvis Setanilia me-6 Tavis damtebaSi.

saSualebebTan dakavSirebuli Sejameba, romelic miesadageba sanapiro da gamaval wylebs

am tipis wylis obieqtebTan mimarTebaSi aRiniSneba zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa Semafasebeli

saSualebebis simwire. saSualebaTa jgufis naxevarze meti moxvda mesame magaliTSi, sadac

saWiroa kvlevebi, meore naxevari ki saWiroebs ganxorcielebas.

4.5. jamuri daskvnebi

Mmiuxedavad imisa, rom xelmisawvdomi saSualebebis identifikacia ver

damTavrda, naTlad gamoCnda rom direqtivis mravali moTxovna ver iqneba

Sesrulebuli mxolod Sesyiduli kompiuteruli programis SerCeviT da

Dda ganxorcielebiT.

dadebiTi daskvnebia, is rom skriningis saSualebebi faraven wylis obieqtis kategoriebis

safuZvlian speqtrs, zewolebs da amocanebs. zogierTi maTgani unarmosilia Caataros

tendenciebis analizi, ZiriTadi scenaris mixedviT. maSin mosalodnelia, rom 2004

wlisaTvis moTxovnili analizi umetesad Sesruldeba arsebuli saSualebebis safuZvelze.

uaryong>ofong>iTi daskvnebia, is rom direqtivis originaluri sakiTxebi, romelnic afaseben

biologiur da ekologiur mdgomareobaze zegavlenis gamomwvev zewolebs, ar arian

dafarulni xelmisawvdomi saSualebebiT da maTi ganviTarebisaTvis saWiroa mravali

SemTxvevis gamokvleva da ara mxolod inJineria.

sakiTxebi, romelic ganxilulia am TavSi imsaxureben Semdgom kvlevebs.

naCvenebia, rom samuSao jgufma unda SeinarCunos kavSirebi, raTa gauziaron erTmaneTs

programis ganxorcilebis gamocdileba. es saSualebas iZleva, rom uwyvetad xdebodes

saWiroebaTa dadgena, da gaidlainebis ganxorcelebisaTvis aucilebel saSualebaTa

xelmisawvdomobisa da praqtikulobis gansazRvra.

5. informaciis saWiroebebi da monacemebis wyaroebi

zogadi midgomis aRwera, romelic saWiroa zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizisTvis

aRniSnavs mravali saxis informacias da monacemebs, romelic moTxovnil iqneba. isini

SeiZleba daiyos iseTad, romelnic axdenen sadrenaJo auzis da misi wylis obieqtebis

zogad aRwerilobas (isini ar arian gansakuTrebulad damokidebulni zewolebTan an

zegavlenebTan), monacemebi, romelnic aRweren zewolebs, da monacemebi romelnic aRweren

zegavlenebs.

ase rom monacemebis moTxovnebi dazustebulia ZiriTadad zedapiruli wylebisTvis, ufro

meti detalizaciiT gruntis wylebisTvis.

69


70

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

mTel infomaciasa da monacemebTan mimarTebaSi albaT yvelaze advilad xelmisawvdomi

wyaroebia nacionaluri da regionuli monacemTa qseli wevr qveynebs SigniT. es instruqcia

ar apirebs mTeli am wyaroebis CamoTvlas. instruqcia migviTiTiTebs, ra tipis monacemebi

iqneba sasargeblo zewolaTa da zrgavlenaTa analizisTvis, ratom SeiZleba monacemi

sasargeblo aRmoCndes, da iZleva informaciis wyaros evropis farglebSi. amgvarad sveti

,,wyaro” momdevno cxrilebSi srulad ar aris Sevsebuli, kompetenturi avtoritetebi,

romelnic atareben zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizs saWiroeben inovaciebs sakmarisi

monacemebis Sesagroveblad. magaliTad, ekiTxebian dainteresebul pirTa jgufebs, vis

SeiZleba hqondes sasargeblo Canawerebi (magaliTad, meTevzeebis da mebadurTa jgufebs

eqnebaT monacemebi TevzWeraze; adgilobrivi veluri garemos jgufebs eqnebaT sasargeblo

ekologiuri monacemebi.).

rekomendirebulia, rom sadac SesaZlebelia, monacemebi grovdeba cifruli formiT da

gamoiyeneba CIS farglebSi.

damateba II, 1,1, ,, zedapiruli wylis obieqtebis tipebis daxasiaTeba da 1.2. ,,ekoregionebi da

zedapiruli wlis obieqtebis tipebi” CaTvlilia damTavrebulad, sanam daiwyeba zewolaTa

da zegavlenaTa analizi. amgvarad es Tavi fokusirdeba 1.4.-is Sesatyvis informaciis

wyaroebze, zewolaTa identifikaciaze, da 1.5. zegavlenaTa Sefasebaze.

monacemebis tipebi, romelic Segrovilia, pirvelad unda moicavdes monacemebs wylis

obieqtebis Sesaxeb (tipi, morfologia, geografiuli da meteorologiuri pirobebi,

biologiuri da fiziko-qimiuri pirobebi), vinaidan es aris sawyisi wertili zewolaTa da

zegavlenaTa analizisaTvis.

amas garda monacemebi arsebul gamoyenebaTa Sesaxeb (monacemebi zewolebze urbanuli,

industriuli da song>ofong>lis meurneobis wertilovani da Sereuli wyaroebidan, wylis

amoRebebze, wylis dinebis regulaciaze, morfologiaze da xmeleTis gamoyenebaze ) da

wylis obieqtis mdgomareobaze aucilebelia.

mokle drois CarCoebis gamo zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa pirveli analizis dasamTavreblad,

unda gamoyenebul iqnas arsebuli monacemebi, Segrovili Sesrulebis Sesatyvisi

kriteriumebis safuZvelze, da sadac es saWiroa, axlad Segrovili informaciuli SevsebiT.

Segrovili monacemebi SeiZleba gamoyenebul iqnas me-4 Tavis mixedviT (saSualebebi)

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizisTvis, raTa Sefasdes garemos obieqtebis Sefasebis

Cavardnis riski, ekologiuri statusi da amgvarad, biologiuri da qimiuri statusi da

wylis obieqtis daucveloba. unda Segrovdes monacemebi wylis obieqtis aRwerilobaze da

mis mimdebare arealze, antrong>ofong>ogenuri zewolebis identifikaciaze, da zegavlenaTa

Sefaseba monitorirebul biologiasa da qimiis bazaze. TiToeul wevr qveyanas eqneba

gansxvavebuli tipis, wyaroebis da moculobis informacia. SesaZlebelia monacemebis

garkveuli raodenobiT kategoriebis identifikacia, romelic saerTo iqneba yvela wevri

qveynisTvis. mniSvnelovani kategoriebia sxva arsebuli EC direqtivebi, romelnic

nawilobriv naxsenebia WFD-Si, damateba II, 1.4.

es direqtivebi gvawvdian informacias zewolis kerZo tipze (mag. urbanuli naxmari wylis

direqtiva) an isini moicaven garemos standartebs (mag. nitratebis direqtiva). aseTi

direqtivebi gvawvdian informacias sxvadasxva zewolebze. informaciis sxva tipebi SeiZleba

iyos nacionaluri moTxovnilebani, rogoricaa nacionaluri klasifikaciis sqemebi,

inventari romelsac moiTxovs nacionaluri kanonmdebloba, da sxva.

cxril 5.2.1. ,,informacia zewolebze” da cxrili 5.2.2. ,,informacia zegavlenebze”

direqtivebi, romelnic naxsenebia WFD damateba II, 1,4,-Si da amgvarad gaTvalisiwnebul unda

iqnan pirvel rigSi.

5.1. zogadi informacia

5.1.1. aRwerilobiTi informacia romelic Seesatyviseba wylis obieqtebs

Mmonacemebis tipi gamoyeneba wyaro

wylis obieqtebi

70


71

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

wylis obieqtis tipi

sivrcobrivi

gavrceleba

zewolaTa da

zegavlenaTa analizis

sawyisi

wertili

meteorologia

wvimianoba wylis balansi Eerovnuli

meteorologiuri

samsaxuri, EEsxva

evropuli

temperatura

geografiuli

topografiuli

Qmyari danaleqebis

geologia

Ggadaadgilebis

geologia

niadagi

Ggruntis

daxriloba(%)

Aarxis morfologia,

wylis zedapiris

buneba

xmeleTis gamoyeneba

Uurbanuli areebi

song>ofong>lis meurneoba

industriuli

xmeleTi

maRaros/madneulis

samuSaoebi

wylis obieqtebis

drenaJis areebis

gansazRvra

wylis arealis

maxasiaTeblebi, wylis

qimiuri Semadgenloba

qveS mdebare wylis

arealis daucveloba.

wylis arealidan

gamodinebis da drenaJis

maxasiaTeblebi

qveS mdebare wylis

arealis daucveloba.

wylis arealidan

gamodinebis da drenaJis

maxasiaTeblebi

wylis arealidan

gamodinebis da drenaJis

maxasiaTeblebi

wylis obieqtis

statusis da

mgrZnobiarobis

gansazRvra an zewolebis

Sefaseba.

winaswari skriningi

wertilovani

dabinZurebis

wyaroebisTvis

winaswari skriningi

wertilovani

dabinZurebis

wyaroebisTvis

winaswari skriningi

wertilovani

dabinZurebis

wyaroebisTvis

winaswari skriningi

wertilovani

dabinZurebis

wyaroebisTvis

71

ruqebis samsaxuri,

EEA, sxva evropuli

Nnacionaluri

ekologiuri

mimoxilva da

institutebi

Nnacionaluri

ekologiuri

mimoxilva da

institutebi

Nnacionaluri

niadagis mimoxilva

da samsaxurebi

Nnacionaluri da

regionuli

statistikuri

samsaxurebi

CORINENE-Lmiwis

safari (EEA)

song>ofong>lis meurneobis

administracia,

nacionaluri da

song>ofong>lis meurneobis

samsaxurebi,

CORINE- Lmiwis

safari (EEA)

CORINE- Lmiwis

safari (EEA)

Kkomerciuli winaswari skriningi CORINE- Lmiwis


72

metyeveoba

wertilovani da

Sereuli dabinZurebis

wyaroebisTvis

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

safari (EEA)

Gmonacemebis

tipi

burusiT

dafaruli

miwebi

Ddasveneba, mag.

Ggolfis

kursebi

aTvisebis

magaliTi

gamoyeneba SW GW wyaro

winaswari skriningi

Sereuli dabinZurebis

wyaroebisTvis

winaswari skriningi

wertilovani da

Sereuli dabinZurebis

wyaroebisTvis

winaswari skriningi

wertilovani da

Sereuli dabinZurebis

wyaroebisTvis

CORINE- Lmiwis

safari (EEA)

mTavari mewileebi

Eeqspertebi

saministroebidan

(song>ofong>lis meurneoba,

transporti,

dagegmareba,

ekonomika…)

wylis momsaxureobis

momwodeblebi, wylis

gamoyenebis seqtorebi

& mewileebi

(fermerebi,

industrialistebi, da

sxva)

Ggaremos NGOs

sadac maT SeZleba daexmaron informaciiT da codniT

• daxasiaTebis monacemebis mowodeba (rogorc gruntis aseve

zedapiruli wylebisTvis):

• hidrologiuri codna gruntis wlis qcevebze

- mamoZravebeli Zalebi

- zewolebi;

- wylis obieqtis mdgomareobis cvlilebebi;

- zewolaTa zegavlena wylis statusze;

• ZiriTadi mewileebis (dainteresebuli pirebis) dadgena

• Aarsebuli sazogadoebrivi kanonmdeblobis ganxorcielebis

da efeqtis Sefaseba

• wylis gamoyenebis daxasiaTeba da misi mniSvneloba

zewolebTan mimarTebaSi;

• Tanmimdevruli meTodologiebis gansazRvra ZiriTadi

cvladebis dasadgenad wevri qveynebis doneze

• monacemebis mowodeba daxasiaTebisaTvis (ixileT zemoT);

• Zalisxmeva zewolaTa SefasebisaTvis

*Ggaremos ZiriTadi sakiTxebis dadgena;

* garemos zemoqmedebebis Sefaseba

Mmewileebi/samoqalaqo

sazogadoeba/

sazogadoebrioba

Mmkvlevarebi/eqspertebi

(Cveulebriv, rogorc

naxsenebi mewileebis

* specifiuri Zalisxmevis Cadeba zewolaTa SefasebisaTvis

* zewolaTa zegavlenebis gansazRvra wylis statusze (mag.

Modelirebis meSveobiT)

72


73

konsultantebi)

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

5.2. informacia zewolebze

5.2.1. informacia dabinZurebis wertilovan wyaroebze

Mmonacemebis tipi gamoyeneba wyaro

Uurbanuli Canarecxi

wylis direqtiva

(91/271/EEC) monacemebi da

moxsenebebi

integrirebuli

dabinZurebis prevenciis

direqtivis

(91.271/EEC)monacemebi da

moxsenebebi

M direqtivis miznebisTvis

uflebamosili qmedebebi

76/464/EEC-wylis

dabinZureba garkveuli

saSiSi substanciebis

gamoyong>ofong>iT

sasmeli wylis direqtiva

76/160/EEC

sabanao wylis

direqtiva76/160/EEC

Ddireqtiva 78/659/EEC

Mmtknari wylis xarisxze,

romelsac sWirdeba dacva

an gaumjobeseba Tevzebis

sicocxlis

SesanarCuneblad

Ddireqtiva 79/923/EEC

moluskebisTvis saWiro

wylis xarisxze

urbanuli Canarecxi wylis

saitebis da maTi gamonaJonebis

Sefaseba.

Mmonitorirebuli parametrebia

BOD5,COD, totaluri

suspendirebuli danaleqebi da

gamodineba mgrZnobiare areebSi,

romelnic eqvemdebarebian

eutrifikacias totaluri

fosforiT da totaluri azotiT

Kuflebamosili koleqciis

saitebi, IPPC direqtivis qveS da

maTi gamonadenebi.Semdgomi

daxasiaTebisTvis

gaTvalsiwinebuli qmedebis

detaluri daxasiaTeba

aqtivobaTa adgilmdebareobis

Sedareba, romelnic

uflebamosilia am direqtiviT.

Semdgomi daxasiaTebisTvis

gaiTvaliswineT aqtivobis buneba

informacia zedapiruli wylis

xarisxze, romelic gamoiyeneba

sasmelad

(fizikur, qimiur, da

mikrobiologiur parametrebze

dakvirveba regularuli

intervalebiT )

informacia wylis xarisxze

wylis obieqtebze, romelnic

gamoiyeneba

sabanaod(mikrobiologiuri,

fizikuri, qimiuri da sxva

parametrebi da sxva substanciebi,

romelnic migviTiTeben

dabinZurebaze

dakvirvebis qveSaa.

informacia mtknari wylis

xarisxze (dakvirveba fizikur da

qimiur parametrebze) Tevzebis

sicocxlesTan mimarTebaSi

Ddireqtiva awesebs xarisxis

minimalur kriteriumebs

moluskebisTvis saWiro

wylebisTvis (sanapiro da

naklebmariliani

wylebisTvis):fiziko-qimiuri da

mikrobiologiuri

parametrebi.aucilebeli

SezRudvis doneebi da am

parametrebis saorientacio

73

Nerovnuli monacemebis

Senaxva da moxsenebebi

Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

moxsenebebi, EPER

Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

moxsenebebi, EPER

Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

moxsenebebi

Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

moxsenebebi

Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

moxsenebebi

Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

moxsenebebi


74

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

Uuflebamosili qmedebebi

gruntis wylis

direqtivis miznebisTvis

(80/68/EEC)

sasong>ofong>lo sasuqebis

gamoyeneba/gayidvis

monacemebi. Mmonacemebis

gamoyeneba sadac advilad

xelmisawvdomia

Uuflebamosili qmedebebi

direqtiva 1999/31/EEC

miznebisTvis

saitebi, romelnic

imarTeba Zlier saSiSi

SemTxvevebis (Seveso)

direqtiviT(96/82/EC)

Nnitratebis direqtiva

(91/676/EEC)moniSnuli

areebi

maCveneblebi; sinjis minimaluri

sixSire da miTiTebuli meTodebi

am wylebis gasaanalizeblad.

aqtivobaTa adgilmdebareobis

Sedareba gruntis wylis

direqtivis qveS. Semdgomi

daxasiaTebisaTvis

gaiTvaliswineT aqtivobis

adgilmdebareobis detaluri

buneba.

narCenebis nagavsayrelze gatanis

direqtiva. Ddireqtiva iZleva

informacias narCenebis

moculobis Sesaxeb

nagavsayrelebis saitebamde.

Aaqtivobebis adgilmdebareobaTa

Sedareba, romelic

regulirdebaNnagvis gatanis

direqtivis mixedviT. Semdgomi

daxasiaTebisTvis gaiTvaliswineT

aqtivobis

detaluri buneba.

Ddireqtivis mizania didi

SemTxvevebis prevencia. Ees

moicavs saSiSi substanciebis

SezRudvas,

aqtivobaTa adgilmdebareobis

Sedareba, romelic regulirdeba

Zlier saSiSi SemTxvevebis

direqtiviT. Semdgomi

daxasiaTdeba iTvaliswinebs

aqtivobis detalur bunebas.

Nsasong>ofong>lo sameurneo nitratebis

gamoyong>ofong>is Sefaseba

Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

moxsenebebi, EPER

sasong>ofong>lo-sameurneo

gamoyeneba

Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

moxsenebebi, EPER

Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

moxsenebebi EPR

Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

moxsenebebi

OOSPAR gaidlainebi

Hharmonizebuli

raodenobrivi

SefasebisTvis da

moxsenebis procedurebi

nutrientebze ((HARP-NUT)

OOSPAR gaidlainebi

Hharmonizebuli

raodenobrivi

SefasebisTvis da

moxsenebis procedurebi

saSiSi substanciebze

(HARP-HAZ)

cxovelebis daavadebebi,

epidemiuri dasamarxi

ormoebi

nitratebis gamoyong>ofong>is Sefaseba

saSiSi substanciebis gamoyong>ofong>is

Sefaseba

mniSvnelovani raodenobiT

cxovelTa samarxebis (>50)

identifikacia daavadebaTa

74

Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

moxsenebebi

Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

moxsenebebi

veterinaruli gadarCena


75

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

cnobili wertilovani

wyaroebi dabinZurebuli

xmeleTidan

wyaldidobis wylis

gadmodineba kanalizaciis

sistemidan

miwisqveSa ganlageba

rkinigzis

xazebi(herbicidebi)

navTobsadeni milebi

gamwovi milebi didi

magistralebidan

potenciurad

damabinZurebeli qmedebebi

(mag. industria, Ria

Sesavalis maRaroebi,

benzinis sadgurebi)

miwaze gamodinebaTa

xarisxi

gamonadenebis qimiuri

Semadgenloba

kontrolis miznebiT

daavadebaTa kontrolis miznebi

ZiriTadi saitebis identifikacia,

romelnic saaraudod

wertilovani wyaroebia, magram ar

regulirdebian zemoTnaxsenebi

direqtivebiT

Stormis wyaldidobis

identifikacia, romelnic

gadmodian xmeleTze

regionebis identifikacia,

romelnic eqvemdebarebian

atmosferul cvlilebebs (mag.

mJave wvimebi)

sarkinigzo xazebis da

gamoyenebuli herbicidebis

identifikacia

miwisqveSa navTobsadebi milebis

identifikacia

didi gzatkecilebidan

(saavtomobilo) drenaJis dadgena

miwaze. Semdgomi daxasiaTebisas

dabinZurebis prevenciis

RonisZiebaTa gansazRvra.

areebis identificireba, sadac

uamravi potenciuri wertilovani

wyaroa

Semdgomi detalebi

zemoTaRweril gamodinebeze

(Semdgomi daxasiaTeba)

gamonaJonis Semadgenloba

(Semdgomi daxasiaTeba)

wylis menejmentis

marTva

5.2.2. informacia dabinZurebis Sereul wyaroebze

monacemebis tipi gamoyeneba wyaro

nitratebis direqtiva

(91/676/EEC )moniSnuli

areebi

pesticidebis licenzirebis

direqtiva (91/414/EC)

direqtiva 98/8/EC biocidur

produqtebze

sasmeli wylis direqtiva

75/440/EC

sabanao wylis direqtiva

direqtiva 76/464/EEC-wylis

dabinZureba garkveuli

wylis garemos arealebis

dadgena maRali an zrdadi

nitratebis koncentraciiT

informacia pesticidebis

gamoyenebaze

informacia biociduri

produqtebis gamoyenebaze

ixileT 5,2,1, ,,wertilovani

wyaroebi” (naxsenebi

monacemebis nawili awvdis

informacias gansxvavebul

zewolebsa da zegavlenebze,

ise rom isini savaraudod

mravladaa CamoTvlili

ixileT 5.2.1. ,,wertilovani

wyaroebi”.

ixileT 5.2.1. ,,wertilovani

wyaroebi”.

Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

moxsenebebi

pesticidebis licenzirebis

marTva

Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

moxsenebebi

Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

moxsenebebi

Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

moxsenebebi

Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

75


76

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

saSiSi substanciebis

gamoyong>ofong>isas

direqtiva 78/659/EEC mtknari

wylis xarisxis Sesaxeb,

romelsac sWirdeba dacva

an gaumjobeseba Tevzebis

sacxovrebeli pirobebis

Sesaqmnelad

direqtiva 79/923/EEC

moluskebisTvis saWiro

wylis xarisxze

song>ofong>lis meurneobis

sasuqebis

gamoyeneba/gayidvis

monacemebi. gamoiyeneT

monacemebi, sadac advilad

xelmisawvdomia

OOSPAR gaidlainebi

Hharmonizebuli

raodenobrivi SefasebisTvis

da moxsenebis procedurebi

nutrientebze ((HARP-NUT)

OOSPAR gaidlainebi

Hharmonizebuli

raodenobrivi SefasebisTvis

da moxsenebis procedurebi

saSiSi substanciebze

(HARP-HAZ)

miwisqveSa ganlageba

(EMER)

rkinigzis xazebi da gzebis

mijnebi (herbicidebi)

navTobis savse milsadenebi

ganodanebeis qimiuri

Semadgenloba

ixileT 5.2.1. ,,wertilovani

wyaroebi”.

ixileT 5.2.1. ,,wertilovani

wyaroebi”.

nitratebis gamoyong>ofong>is

Sefaseba

saSiSi substanciebis

gamoyong>ofong>is Sefaseba

ixileT 5.2.1. ,,wertilovani

wyaroebi”.

ixileT 5.2.1. ,,wertilovani

wyaroebi”.

ixileT 5.2.1. ,,wertilovani

wyaroebi”.

ixileT 5.2.1. ,,wertilovani

wyaroebi”.

moxsenebebi

Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

moxsenebebi

Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

moxsenebebi

song>ofong>lis meurneobis marTva

Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

moxsenebebi

Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

moxsenebebi

5.2.3. informacia wylis amoRebaze

monacemebis tipi gamoyeneba wyaro

wylis amoReba RBD -Si.

-amoRebis moculoba

sasualo dRiuri mimoqceva

da dabali nakadis

mdinarebidan gamodineba

-tbebis donis cvlileba

-fiziko-qimiuri pirobebi;

-daleqvis pirobebi, gruntis

wylebis xelovnuri avsebis

arsebuli an navaraudevi

sqemebi;

SeiZleba vivaraodoT rom

wylis amoReba

ukanonoa.

daadgine (an Seafase

ukanono amoRebisas)

amoRebebi mniSvnelovani

efeqtebiT wylis obieqtze

(wylis resursebi, qimiuri

statusi, morfologia)

wylis menejmentis marTva,

sasmeli wylis momwodebeli

kompaniebi

wylis amoReba RBD-Si,

sasmelad gamoyenebisTvis

daadgineT individualuri

amoReba sasmelad

gamoyenebisTvis

76

wylis menejmentis marTva,

sasmeli wylis momwodebeli

kompaniebi


77

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

sasmeli wylis direqtiva

75/440/EC

dadgenili aqtivobebi

direqtiva 80/68/EEC

miznebisTvis

amoRebebi>XX m 3 /d an

miwodeba >XX pirovnebaze.

saWiroa sasmeli wlis

daculi arealebis

gansazRvra

SesaZlo informacia

amoRebuli wylebis

adgilmdebareobaze

SeadareT aqtivobaTa

adgilmdebareobebi,

dadgenilni gruntis wylis

direqtiviT. Semdgomi

daxasiaTebisTvis

gaiTvaliswineT aqtivobis

buneba detalurad

Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

moxsenebebi

Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

moxsenebebi

5.2.4. informacia wylis dinebis regulaciaze

monacemebis tipi gamoyeneba wyaro

informavia bunebrivi

nakadis reJimis

cvlilebebze an gruntis

wylebis doneze

dadgenilebebis

identifikacia

mniSvnelovani efeqtiT

bunebrivi dinebis reJimze

wylis menejmentis marTva

jebirebis monacvleobis

raodenoba RDB-Si.

wyalsacavebis raodenoba da

tevadoba

RDB-Si

xelovnuri barierebi,

romelTa gadatana ar

xerxedeba e.w. jebirebi

ukudinebis wylebis

farglebi

mdinaris prong>ofong>ili, mdinaris

napiris struqtura, /nakadis

pirobebis mimoxilva

gruntis wylebis done

dinebis regulacia dinebis

gadagdebiT

wyaldidobisgan damcveli

struqturebi

an gruntis wylebis doneze

mdinareebis uwyvetobis

Sefaseba wylis

organizmisTvis

mdinareebis uwyvetobis

Sefaseba da bunebrivi

nakadis reJimi

5.2.5. informacia morfologiur zewolebze

mdinareebis uwyvetobis

Sefaseba wylis

organizmisTvis

mdinareebis uwyvetobis

Sefaseba wylis

organizmisTvis

morfologiis Sefaseba, da

SesaZlo zegavlena

biologiaze

morfologiis Sefaseba da

SesaZlo zegavlena

biologiaze

77

wylis menejmentis marTva,

navigaciis uflebamosili

pirebi

wylis menejmentis marTva

wylis menejmentis marTva

wylis menejmentis marTva

wylis menejmentis marTva

wylis menejmentis marTva

wylis menejmentis marTva

wylis menejmentis marTva

monacemebis tipi gamoyeneba wyaro

mdinaris napiris morfologiis Sefaseba da wylis menejmentis marTva


78

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

struqtura/nakadis

pirobebis mimoxilviTi

kvleva

ukudinebis wylebis

farglebi

ukudinebis wylebis

farglebi

xelovnuri barierebi,

romelTa gadatana ar

xerxedeba

mdinaris prong>ofong>ili

wyaldidobisgan damcveli

struqturebi

saSualebebi datborili

dablobebisTvis

SesaZlo zegavlena

biologiaze

ixileT 5.2.4. ,,wylis dinebis

regulacia”.

ixileT 5.2.4. ,,wylis dinebis

regulacia”.

ixileT 5.2.4. ,,wylis dinebis

regulacia”.

ixileT 5.2.4. ,,wylis dinebis

regulacia”.

ixileT 5.2.4. ,,wylis dinebis

regulacia”.

wylis menejmentis marTva,

navigaciis uflebamosili

pirebi

wylis menejmentis marTva

5.2.6. informacia zewolebze xmeleTis gamoyenebis magaliTebidan

monacemebis tipi gamoyeneba wyaro

urbanuli areebi

substanciebis Sesvlis

song>ofong>lis meurneobis

song>ofong>lis meurneoba (Tu Sefaseba, modificirebuli administracia, wylis

SesaZlebelia dayong>ofong>ilia : nakadis reJimebi, niadagis menejmentis marTva,

• kultivirebuli miwa erozia da a.S.

Nerovnuli

• Saqris Warxali

monacemebis Senaxva,

kartong>ofong>ili&marcvle

erovnuli da regionuli

uli

statistikuri mimoxilvebi,

• gansakuTrebuli

nacionaluri da song>ofong>lis

mosavalis miwebi

meurneobis samsaxurebi,

CORINE-xmeleTis safari

• cxovelebis erTeuli

TiTo heqtaris

eqvivalenturi

industriuli miwa

qvanaxSiris/madneulis

mopoveba

dasveneba, mag. golfis

kursi, wyliani parkebi

komerciuli tye-parkebi

yamiri miwebi, (aTvisebis

magaliTi)

5.2.7. informacia sxva zewolebze

monacemebis tipi gamoyeneba wyaro

sxva arsebuli EC

kanonmdebloba

PEWaobebi/ gasworebuli

miwebi

invaziuri saxeobebi

gruntis wylebis xelovnuri

avseba RDB-Si

xelovnuri avsebis sqemebis

identificireba gruntis

wylebis doneze

78

Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

moxsenebebi

bunebaze uflebamosili

pirebi, da veluri bunebis

jgufebi

wylis menejmentis marTva


79

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

zegavlenebis

dasazusteblad, gruntis

wylebis dabinZureba;

5.3. informacia zegavlenebze

5.3.1. informacia mgrZnobiarobaze/wylis obieqtebis daucveloba

monacemebis tipi gamoyeneba wyaro

klimatis statistikuri

monacemebi

informacia wylis

obieqtebis mgrZnobiarobis

Sesaxeb mag. substanciebTan

an sicxis wyaroebTan

klimaturi monacemebi

nakadis pirobebis mimoxilva

(mdinareebi)

siRrmis, jebirebis

raodenobis da sxva)

mimarTebaSi

mdinareebis daxasiaTeba

garemos monacemebi

nakadis siCqareebi

(mdinareebi)

morfologia (tbebi)

-wylis saSualo siRrme

-wylis saSualo sifarTe

-daxarisxebis tipi (Sereuli)

mdinareebis daxasiaTeba

tbebis daxasiaTeba

gamodinebis sazomebi

garemos monacemebi

monacemebis tipi gamoyeneba wyaro

-moculoba, arsebobis-dro

(Vollenweider modeli)

gruntis wylebis

daucvelobis monacemebi

direqtivebi sabanao wylebze

(76/160/EEC) da sasmel

wyalze (98/83/EC)

frinvelebis direqtiva

(79/409/EEC)

bunebrivi pirobebis da

veluri faunusa da fkoris

direqtiva (92/43/EEC)

wylis obieqtze SesaZlo

dambinZureblebis

koncentraciebis sazomebi

5.3.2. garemos monacemebi

monacemebis niadagis da

gadaadgilebis arsebobaze

da tipze, siRrme wlis

fskeramde. gruntis wylis

dinebis meqanizmi (gadagdeba

an ZiriTadi dinebis

upiratesi sistema)

mgrZobiaroba arsebuli

gamoyenebis gamo

SesaZlo informacia an

arealis daucveloba

informacia wylis obieqtis

mgrZnobiarobaze,

dambinZureblebis

gamoyong>ofong>asTan mimarTebaSi

monacemebis tipi gamoyeneba wyaro

direqtiva sabanao wyalze

(76/160/EEC) da sasmeli wyali

(98/83/EC)

statusis Semowmeba

kriteriumebi Tevzebis

sacxovrebeli direqtivis

dakvirveba qvemoT Sesatyvis

sicxis gamomyong>ofong>Tan,

nacionaluri geologiuri an

niadagis

mimoxilva/institutebi

Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

moxsenebebi

Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

moxsenebebi

Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

moxsenebebi

garemos monacemebi

Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

moxsenebebi

Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

79


80

mixedviT 78/83/EEC

fiziko-qimiuri substanciebi,

damateba VIII WFD-dan

kriteriumebi mocemuli

76/464/EEC

direqtividan

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

temperaturasTan mimarTebaSi moxsenebebi

qimiuri statusis Sefaseba Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

moxsenebebi

gruntis wyali monitoringis

monacemebi

-substanciebi me7 muxlidan

-standartebi

-gamtarianoba

-substanciebi, romelnic

Seesatyviseba

muxli 4-is damokidebul

sistemaTa amocanebs

wylis obieqtis qimiuri

statusis Sesaxeb informacia

mag. nacionaluri

klasifikaciis sqemebi,

,,garemos mdgomareobis”

tipis Sesaxeb moxseneba, da

sxva,

wylis obieqtis biologiuri

statusis Sesaxeb informacia

mag.

klasifikaciis erovnuli

sqemebi, garemos

mdgomareobis”

tipis Sesaxeb moxseneba, da

sxva.

informacia cxovelebis da

mcenareebis jiSebze,

saerTaSiriso konvenciebidan

rogoricaa Ramsar biuro,

Emerald qseli, Segrovili

informacia da sxva

klasifikaciebi, rogoricaa

UNESCO msong>ofong>lio

memkvidreobis saitebi,

biosferos rezervebi da

sxva.

fitoplanqtoni (damateba V,

WFD)-trong>ofong>ikuli statusi

makrong>ofong>itebi da fitobenTosi

(damateba V, WFD)

gruntis wylebis amoRebis

Sesaxeb arsebuli

monacemebis mimoxilva da

zegavlenaTa TvalsaCinoebis

simwiris monitoringi

qimiuri statusis Sefaseba

statusis Sefaseba

statusis Sefaseba

eutrong>ofong>ikaciis

(mcenareebiT dabinZureba)

Sefaseba

morfologiis da organuli

zewolebis Sefaseba

wylis xarisxis

monitoringis nacionaluri

programebi;. direqtivis 80/86

farglebSi aqtivobaTa

rekvizitebis

sicocxliunarianoba

Nerovnuli

monacemebis Senaxva da

moxsenebebi

garemos gadarCena, veluri

garemos jgufebis CaTvliT

monacemebis tipi gamoyeneba wyaro

benTosis uxerxemloTa fauna

(damateba V, WFD);

saprong>ofong>itebis statusi;

AQEM-Sefaseba

organuli zewolebis

Sefaseba

garemos gadarCena, veluri

garemos jgufebis CaTvliT

80


81

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

Tevzebis fauna:saxeobaTa

Semadgenloba da siuxve

nakadis pirobebis mimoxilva

mdinareTa uwyvetobis da

morfologiis Sefaseba

mdinareTa morfologiis

Sefaseba

garemos gadarCena, veluri

garemos jgufebis CaTvliT,

meTevzeebi, mebadurTa

jgufebi da sxva.

wylis menejmentis marTva

6. wylis CarCo direqtivisaTvis (WFD) relevanturi magaliTebi zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa

analizis Tanamedrove praqtikisa

danarTi V Seicavs SemTxvevaTa aRwerilobebs, romlebic wardgenilia IMPRESS samuSao

jgufis wevrebis mier, rogorc Tanamedrove praqtikis magaliTebi (Sejamebulia qvemoT

moyvanil cxrilSi 6.1). SemTxvevaTa wardgenisas jgufis wevrebs aRebuli aqvT

pasuxismgebloba, rom uzrunvelyong>ofong>en Semdgomi informaciis mowodebas imis Sesaxeb Tu ra

RonisZiebebi iyo gatarebuli am SemTxvevebSi, rogor ganviTarda es dasrulebis Semdeg da

rogor SeiZleba msgavsi meTodebi gamoyenebuli iyos sxvagan.

xazi unda gaesvas imas, rom es ar aris saukeTeso praqtikis magaliTebi, wylis CarCo

direqtivis mier moTxovnili winaaRmdegobaTa da zegavlenaTa analizis implementaciaSi.

amis mizezi oria. pirvel rigSi wylis CarCo direqtivis sapasuxod Catarda Zalian cota

(Tu saerTod Catarda) zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi. amitom, es SemTxvevebi

dafuZnebulia wina analizebze, romlebic Tumca nawilobriv mainc Seesabameba wylis CarCo

direqtivis moTxovnebs, magram maTgan ar gamomdinareobs. meorec, es magaliTebi ar iqna

Sefasebuli IMPRESS –is mier, rogorc wylis CarCo direqtivis kriteriumebis Sesabamisi.

isini mowodebulia imisaTvis, raTa asaxaxon Tu ra RonisZiebebi xorcieldeba wevr

qveynebSi da gaadvilon kontaqti moqmedi instruqciis momxmareblebs Soris msgavs teqnikur,

operacionalur da geografiul raionebSi.

imedia, rom aq moyvanili SemTxvevebi aris sawyisi cocxali dokumentisaTvis, romelic

gamdidrebulo iqneba wylis CarCo direqtivis mier moTxovnili realuri analizis

magaliTebiT. Sedegad, droTa ganmavlobaSi, Sinaarsi mimdinare praqtikis asaxvidan gadava

arsebul SemTxvevaTa aRweraze, romlebic namdvilad warmoadgenen saukeTeso praqtikas da

SeiZleba samagaliTod CaiTvalon yvela aspeqtSi. 76/464/EEC

1 Council Directive on pollution caused by certain dangerous substances discharged into ong>theong> aquatic environment ong>ofong> ong>theong>

Community.

instruqcia N3

winaaRmdegobaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

cxrili 6.1 Sejameba Tanamedrove praqtikis magaliTebisa, romlebsac Seicavs danarTi V

cxrili 6.1 danamatSi V moyvanili Tanamedrove praqtikis magaliTebis Sejameba

dasaxeleba kavSiri

instruqciasT

an

gamoyeneb

uli

teqnika

kavSiri

xelsawyo

ebTan

SemTxv

evis

Seswav

transfe

ris

SesaZleb

81

wylis

obieqti


82

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

1 specifiuri

polutantebi

s seleqcia

Council Directive

76/464/EEC 1 gam

oyenebiT

(saSiSi

nivTierebebis

ganadgureba –

DSD)

2 belgia flandriis

wylis

xarisxis

gegma (Water

Quality Plans in

3

safrange

Ti

4

espaneTi

5

portuga

lia

Flanders)

wylis

integrirebu

li emisiebis

reestri

kartografiu

li

modelireba

mdinare

guadianas

difuzuri

dabinZurebis

SemTxvevis

Seswavla

6 dania miwisqveSa

wylis

abstraqcia

7

norvegia

8

espaneTi

9niderla

ndebi

mdinare

maanaSi

garemodan

cadinebis

optimizacuii

saTvis

mdinaris

sistemis

simulatoris

gamoyeneba

rezervuarebi

T gamowveuli

mdinaris

wylis

nakadebis

cvlilebebis

Sefasebisadmi

midgoma

rogor

aRiweros

adamianis

relevanturi

dabinZurebis

identifikaci

a

dabinZurebis

zewolis

sakvalifikac

io

xelsawyoebi

(4.3)

zewolis

sakvalifikac

io

xelsawyoebi

(4.3)

wylis

moxmarebis

zewola

dabinZurebis

zewolis

raodenobrivi

gansazRvra

miwisqveSa

wylis zeda

sazRvris

daweva

nakadis

regulacia,

hidromorfo

logiuri

zewolebi

nakadis

regulacia

hidromorfo

logia

GIS

koeficie

ntis

modelebi

koeficie

ntis

modelebi

GIC

wylis

balansi

GIC

hidrolo

giuri

modeli

2 da 3D

modelebi

sxvadasxv

a

modelebi

modelir

eba

SENTWA

SIMCAT

Belgian

Biotics

Index/Prati

Index

la

loba

ara ki zedapir

uli

ara ki ki zedapir

uli

ara ki ki

ki ki mdinare

ara ki ki miwisqve

Sa

wyali

ENMAG

HEC-RAS

QUAL2E

RICE

HABITAT

ara ki ki

ki ki mdinare

ara ki ki gardama

vali

da

1 sabWos direqtiva Tanamegobrobis wylis garemoSi CaRvrili garkveuli saSiSi nivTierebebis mier

gamowveuli dabinZurebis Sesaxeb (OJ L 129, 18/05/1976, gv. 23)

82


83

10

safrange

Ti

zewolasTan

adkavSirebul

i

morfologiu

riuri

darRvevebi

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

sanapir

o

daskvniTi komentarebi

meoTxe ong>ofong>icialur Sexvedraze (lisaboni, 10-11 seqt 2002) IMPRESS jgufis mier ganxiluli

iqna gadauwyveteli sakiTxebi, SeuTanxmebeli sakiTxebi da Semdgomi aucilebeli samuSao.

am TavSi Sejamebulia aRniSnuli diskusiis Sedegebi.

gadauwyveteli sakiTxebi: ara

Semdgomi aucilebeli samuSao:

moklevadiani qmedebebi (2002-3):

kritikuli zewolis saskriningo kriteriumebi: Sefasdes unda iyos Tu ara kritikuli

kriteriumebi SemuSavebuli individualuri wevri qveynebis mier rom zewolebisa da

zegavlenaTa analizi Tanmimdevrulad gavrceldes evropaSi.

zewolisa da zegavlenaTa analizebis seminari: praqtikosebisaTvis sasargeblo iqneba

SesaZlebloba gauziaron erTmaneTs prong>ofong>esiuli codna da gamocdileba miRebuli pirveli

Catarebuli zewolisa da zegavlenebis analizis Sedegad. Ees SeiZleba SemdgomSi

gagrZeldes Sualeduri meore seminaris saxiT, rodesac sawyisi Sefaseba iqneba Catarebuli

da aRwerili.

aRwerilobis Sabloni: Tanmimdevruli aRweriloba SeiZleba miRweuli iyos am miznisaTvis

specialuri Sablonuri formis SemuSavebiT.

wakiTxvis saSualeba: IMPRESS jgufis mier miCneuli iqna, rom instruqciis ufro advilad

wasakiTxad saWiroa misi redaqtireba. Aamgvarma redaqtirebam ar unda Secvalos

instruqciis Sinaarsi.

Sualeduri qmedebebi (2004-2005):

IMPRESS situaciuri analizis sainformacio sistemis xelSewyoba: situaciuri analizebi,

romlebic moyvanilia instruqciaSi, unda asrulebdnen cnobaris rols praqtikosebisaTvis.

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instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

Aamis gansakuTrebeli sargeblianoba iqneba is, rom axali situaciuri analizebi SeZleben

asaxon direqtivis Sesrulebis saukeTeso praqtika, maSin rodesac amJamad Setanili

magaliTebi asaxaven amJamindel praqtikas romelic eTanxmeba direqtivis moTxovnebs.

meTodebis identifikacia: zewolebis da zegavlenaTa analizis procesSi iqneba mimdinare

saWiroeba saSualebaTa identifikaciisa da koordinirebisa.

kavSirebi gazomvis, sawyisi pirobebis, da monitoringis moTxovnebis programasTan: es

kavSirebi mniSvnelovania da isini koreqtulad unda funqcionirebdnen direqtivis, rogorc

erTi mTlianis, warmatebuli implementaciisaTvis, magram mimarTuli iyvnen calkeul CIS

samuSao jgufebSi. Aaseve saWiroa identificirebuli iyos sazomebi, romlebic yvelaze

gamosadegi iqneba zewolisa da zegavlenisaTvis, raTa moxdes xarj-efeqturi Serbileba

zegavlenebisa ekologiis aRdgenisaTvis.

7. gamoyenebuli literatura

WFD CIS instruqcia #1 (agvisto 2002) ekonomika da garemo – wylis CarCo direqtivis

implementaciis problemebi. gamoqveynebulia evrosabWos garemos generaluri direqtoratis

mier, briuseli, ISBN No. 92-894-4144-4, ISSN No. 1725-1087.

WFD CIS instruqcia #1 (dekemberi 2002) wylis obieqtebis identifikacia. gamoqveynebulia

evrosabWos garemos generaluri direqtoratis mier, briuseli, ISBN No. 92-894-5122-X, ISSN No.

1725-1087.

WFD CIS instruqcia #3 (dekemberi 2002) garegani zewolebis da zegavlenebis analizi.

gamoqveynebulia evrosabWos garemos generaluri direqtoratis mier, briuseli, ISBN No. 92-

894-5123-8, ISSN No. 1725-1087.

WFD CIS instruqcia #4 (ianvari 2003) artificialuri da mniSvnelovnad modificirebuli

wylis obieqtebis identifikacia da aRniSvna. gamoqveynebulia evrosabWos garemos

generaluri direqtoratis mier, briuseli, ISBN No. 92-894-5124-6, ISSN No. 1725-1087.

WFD CIS instruqcia #6 (dekemberi 2002) interkalibraciis qselis Seqmis saxelmZRvanelo da

interkalibraciis ganxorcielebis procesi. gamoqveynebulia garemos generaluri

direqtoratis mier, briuseli, ISBN No. 92-894-5126-2, ISSN No. 1725-1087.

WFD CIS instruqcia #7 (ianvari 2003) monitoringi wylis CarCo direqtivis pirobebSi.

gamoqveynebulia evrosabWos garemos generaluri direqtoratis mier, briuseli, ISBN No. 92-

894-5127-0, ISSN No. 1725-1087.

84


85

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

WFD CIS instruqcia #8 (dekemberi 2002) sajaro monawileoba wylis CarCo direqtivasTan

kavSirSi. gamoqveynebulia evrosabWos garemos generaluri direqtoratis mier, briuseli,

ISBN No. 92-894-5128-9, ISSN No. 1725-1087.

WFD CIS instruqcia #9 (dekemberi 2002) wylis CarCo direqtivis geografiuli

sainformacio sistemis (GIC) elementebis implementacia. gamoqveynebulia evrosabWos garemos

generaluri direqtoratis mier, briuseli, ISBN No. 92-894-5129-7, ISSN No. 1725-1087.

WFD CIS instruqcia #10 (marti 2003) mdinareebi da tbebi – tipologia, sawyisi pirobebi da

klasifikaciis sistemebi. gamoqveynebulia garemos generaluri direqtoratis mier,

briuseli, ISBN No. 92-894-5614-0, ISSN No. 1725-1087.

EC DG XI (1993): CORINE Land Cover – teqnikuri saxelmZRvanelo, luqsemburgi: evrokavSiris

ong>ofong>icialuri publikaciebis ong>ofong>isi

European commission, Fraunhong>ofong>er _IUCT, National Experts ong>ofong> member states ong>ofong> ong>theong> EU: xelaxali winadadeba

prioritetuli nivTierebebis CamonaTvalisa wylis CarCo direqtivis konteqstSi (ong>COMong>MPS

procedura)

Official journal ong>ofong> ong>theong> European Communities, No. L194:

zedapiruli wylebis xarisxisadmi moTxovnebTan dakavSirebiT 1975 wlis 16 ivnisis sabWos

direqtiva gankuTvnili wevr qveynebSi sasmeli wylis mopovebisaTvis (75/440/EEC)

Official journal ong>ofong> ong>theong> European Communities, No. L31:

1975 wlis 16 ivnisis sabWos direqtiva sabanao wyaltan dakavSirebiT (76/160/EEC)

Official journal ong>ofong> ong>theong> European Communities, No. L 129:

1976 wlis 4 maisis sabWos direqtiva gaerTianebis wylis garemoSi gamoyong>ofong>ili garkveuli

saxifaTo nivTierebebiT dabinZurebis Sesaxeb (76/464/EEC)

Official journal ong>ofong> ong>theong> European Communities, No. L 222:

1978 wlis 18 ivnisis sabWos direqtiva sufTa wylebis xarisxis Sesaxeb, rac saWiroebs

dacvas an gaumjobesebas Tevzebis sicocxlis SenarCunebisaTvis (78/659/EEC)

Official journal ong>ofong> ong>theong> European Communities, No. L 103:

1979 wlis 2 aprilis sabWos direqtiva gareuli frinvelebis konservaciaze (79/409/EEC)

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zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

Official journal ong>ofong> ong>theong> European Communities, No. L 281:

1979 wlis 30 oqtombris sabWos direqtiva moluskebis wylis xarisxisadmi moTxovnebis

Sesaxeb (79/923/EEC)

Official journal ong>ofong> ong>theong> European Communities, No. L 20:

1979 wlis 17 dekembris sabWos direqtiva miwisqveSa wylebis dacvaze (80/68/EEC)

Official journal ong>ofong> ong>theong> European Communities, No. L 135:

1991 wlis 21 maisis sabWos direqtiva qalaqis camdinare wylebis damusavebis Sesaxeb

(91/271/EEC)

Official journal ong>ofong> ong>theong> European Communities, No. L 230:

1991 wlis 15 ivlisis sabWos direqtiva bazarze mcenareTa dacvis produqtebis ganTavsebis

Sesaxeb (91/414/EEC)

Official journal ong>ofong> ong>theong> European Communities, No. L 375:

1991 wlis 12 dekembris sabWos direqtiva wylebis samiwaTmoqmedo nitratebiT

dabinZurebisagan dacvis Sesaxeb (91/676/EEC)

Official journal ong>ofong> ong>theong> European Communities, No. L 162:

1992 wlis 21 maisis sabWos direqtiva bunebrivi macxovreblebisa da gareuli florisa da

faunis konservaciaze (92/43/EEC)

Official journal ong>ofong> ong>theong> European Communities, No. L 257:

1976 wlis 4 maisis evroparlamentis da sabWos direqtiva dabinZuirebis erTobliv dacvasa

da kontrolze (IPPC) (96/61/EC)

Official journal ong>ofong> ong>theong> European Communities, No. L 010:

1996 wlis 9 dekembris evroparlamentisa da sabWos direqtiva saSiSi nivTierebebis Semcveli

didi avariebis kontrolze (96/82/EC)

Official journal ong>ofong> ong>theong> European Communities, No. L 123:

1998 wlis 6 Tebervlis evroparlamentisa da sabWos direqtiva biociduri nivTierebebis

bazarze ganTavsebaze (98/8/EC)

Official journal ong>ofong> ong>theong> European Communities, No. L 182:

evroparlamentisa da sabWos direqtiva narCenebis nagavsayrelebze (99/31/EC)

Official journal ong>ofong> ong>theong> European Communities, No. L 192:

86


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instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

2000 wlis 17 ivlisis komisiis gadawyvetileba damabinZurebeli nivTierebebis emisiuri

evropuli registris implementaciaze (EPER), sabWos 96/61/EC direqtivis me-15 statiis

Tanaxmad dabinZurebis integrirebul prevenciasa da kontrolze (IPPC) (2000/478/EC)

Official journal ong>ofong> ong>theong> European Communities, L 327:

2000 wlis 23 oqtombris evroparlamentisa da sabWos gadawyvetileba wylis politikasTan

dakavSirebiT gaerTianebis moqmedebis CarCo-gegmis SemoRebaze (2000/60/EC)

Streeter,H.W and Phelps,E.B.”A Study ong>ofong> Pollution and Natural Purification in Ohio River,III,Factors Concerned in ong>theong>

Phenomenon ong>ofong> Oxiodation and Raeration” , Public Health Bulletin No. 146, (1925)

United Nations Economic Comissions for Europe (gaeros ekonomikuri komisia evropaSi): sazRvris

gavliT xangrZlivi haeris dabinZurebis konvencia; Steering Body to ong>theong> Cooperative Programme for

Monitoring and Evaluation ong>ofong> ong>theong> Long-range Transmission ong>ofong> Air Pollutants in Europe - evropaSi xangrZlivi

haeris damabinZureblebis transmisiis monitoringisa da gamokvlevis xelmZRvaneli organos

erToblivi programa (EMEP), 1977

Vollenweider, R.A., and Kerekes, J. 1982. wylebis daWaobeba. monitoringi, Sefaseba da kontroli.

Organozation for Economic Co-operation and Development – ekonomikuri TanamSroblobis da

ganviTarebis organizacia (OECD), Paris. 156 p.

Working group ong>ofong> ong>theong> German States on Water – germanuli qveynebis wylis samuSao jgufi (LAWA)

(2002): “mniSvnelovan zewolaTa identifikaciis kriteriumebi, maTi zegavlenis Sefaseba da

CamonaTvali, gaazrebuli reportireba evrokomisiisadmi”., Strategy paper, 2002

Working group ong>ofong> ong>theong> German States on Water – germanuli qveynebis wylis samuSao jgufi (LAWA)

(2000): nakadis gavrcelebis mimoxilva – meTodi mcire da saSualo zomis wylebisaTvis

germaniaSi; Kulturbuch-Verlag GmbH, Berlin

danarTi I implementaciis saerTo strategia da misi samuSao jgufebi

CIS samuSao jgufi: zewolebis da zegavlenebis analizi; xelmZRvaneli: gaerTianebuli

samefo, germania

CIS samuSao jgufi: xmeleTis zedapiruli wylebis sawyisi pirobebi: xelmZRvaneli: SvedeTi

87


88

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

CIS samuSao jgufi: gardamavali, sanapiro wylebis tipologia da klasifikacia;

xelmZRvaneli: gaerTianebuli samefo, espaneTi, EEA

CIS samuSao jgufi: mniSvnelovnad modificirebuli wylis obieqtebi; xelmZRvaneli:

germania, gaerTianebuli samefo

CIS samuSao jgufi: geografiuli sainformacio sistemebi; xelmZRvaneli: JRC Ispra

CIS samuSao jgufi: interkalibracia; xelmZRvaneli: JRC Ispra

CIS samuSao jgufi: monitoringi; xelmZRvaneli: italia, EEA

CIS samuSao jgufi: ekonomikuri analizi; xelmZRvaneli: safrangeTi, komisia

CIS samuSao jgufi: miwisqveSa wylebis Sefasebis, klasifikaciis meTodebi; xelmZRvaneli:

avstria

CIS samuSao jgufi: mdinareTa auzis dagegmarebis saukeTeso praqtika; xelmZRvaneli:

espaneTi droebiTi

danarTi II leqsikoni

termini

gansazRvreba

abstraqcia wylis ganzrax mocileba zedapiruli an miwisqveSa wylis

obieqtidan

xelovnuri Sevseba adamianis mier wylis ganzrax Seyvana niadagqveS

sabaziso scenari faqtorebis arCeuli nakrebis ganviTarebis proeqtireba

politikuri intervenciebis ararsebobis pirobebSi

dabinZurebis

dabinZureba, romelic sxvadasxva aqtivobebis Sedegia, ar

difuzuri wyaro 2 gamomdinareobs erTi wyarodan, aramed warmoiSveba miwis

sivrceSi gavrcobili gamoyenebis Sedegad (mag. miwaTmoqmedeba,

dasaxlebebi, transporti, industria). difuzuri wyarodan

dabinZurebis magaliTebia atmosferuli depozicia,

samiwaTmoqmedo adgilebidan Cadineba, erozia, drenaJi, da

miwiswveSa wylebis dineba.

DPSIR (mzmzp)

mdinaris, zewolis, mggomareobis, zegavlenis da pasuxis CarCo

garemos analizisaTvis

draiveri

anTropogenuli aqtivoba, romelsac SeiZleba qondes gavlena

garemoze (mag. miwaTmoqmedeba, industria), aseve mamoZravebeli

Zala (driving force)

dineba (flux)

nivTierebebis gadatana garemos gavliT

hidromorfologia wylis obieqtis formis, kideebis da SigTavsis fizikuri

maxasiaTeblebi. ekologiuri statusis klasifikaciisaTvis

hidromorfologiuri xarisxis elementebi mocemulia danarTSi

V.1.1 da aseve xazgasmulia wylis CarCo direqtivis danarTSi

2 WFD samuSao definicia. danergvis konteqstSi masze msjeloba kvlav mimdinareobs.

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instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

V.1.2

zegavlena zewolis garemoze asaxuli efeqti (mag. Tevzebis daRupva,

ekosistemis modificireba)

gadatana (load) masalis gaxsnili an nawilakebis saxiT gadatana wylis

dinebiT

wertilovani wyarodan dabinZureba raime gancalkevebuli wyarodan, mag. gamoyong>ofong>a

dabinZureba

zewola 3

kanalizaciis SesakeTebeli samuSaoebisas

draiveris uSualo efeqti (mag. efeqti, romelic iwvevs nakadis

cvlilebas, an wylis qimiuri Semadgenlobis Secvlas

zedapirul da miwisqveSa wylebSi)

pasuxi zomebi, romlebic miRebulia wylis obieqtis mdgomareobis

gasaumjobeseblad (mag. abstraqciis SezRudva, wertilovani

wyaroebidan gamoyong>ofong>is SezRudva, miwaTmoqmedebis saukeTeso

praqtikis saxelmZRvanelos Seqmna)

mniSvnelovani zewola wylis CarCo direqtivis konteqstSi zewola, romelic

TavisTavad an sxva zewolebTan kombinaciaSi, aris garemos

dacvis miznebis miRwevis warumateblobis savaraudo mizezi

mdgomareoba wylis obieqtis bunebrivi da anTropogenuli faqtorebiT

ganpirobebuli Tvisebebi (mag. fizikuri, qimiuri da

biologiuri maxasiaTeblebi)

statusi

wylis obieqtis fizikuri, qimiuri, biologiuri an ekologiuri

reJimi (qceva)

danarTi III. IMPRESS samuSao jgufis monawileebi da sxva mniSvnelovani kontaqtebi

qveyana

organizacia

AT avstria

BEbelgia

CYkviprosi

GEgermania

DKdania

ESespaneTi

EEestoneTi

FRsafrangeTi

FIfineTi

GRsaberZneTi

an

saxeli E-mail faqsi telefoni

vilhelm vogeli

robert koneCni

iohan Llermiti

rudi vaneveli

stefanos

papartifonosi

volker mohaupti

ulrike frotCer-hufi

volfgang meieri

iren mozli

heike herata

martin skriveri

manuel varela

aleJandra puigi

migel angel marini

iaokin rodriges

Caparo

karin paCeli

ciril portalezi

filipe kuze

sepo rekolaineni

kimo silvo

gorgia gioni

anastasia lazaru

andreas andreadakisi

daniel mamaisi

spairos tasoglu

3 WFD samuSao definicia. danergvis konteqstSi masze msjeloba kvlav mimdinareobs.

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90

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

HUungreTi katalin zoteri

IRE irlandia kolon klenagani

IT italia -

LT litva neringa sakrauskiene

LU luqsemburgi Jan-mari risi

NOnorvegia sven batviki

andres iverseni

lars storseti

are lindegaardi

NL

niderlandebi

ono van de velde

fred vagemakeri

duve ionkersi

kis meijeri

PT portugalia mariafelisbina

kuadrado

fernanda gomesi

simone pio

RO rumineTi karmen toderi

elena tuCiu

SL slovenia natasa vodopiveCi

helena matozi

S SvedeTi andres videli

UK

gaerTianebuli

deiv fosteri

isobel austini (EA)

samefo

jenifer leonardi

(SEPA)

ingrid baberi (SEPA)

jonatan smiti (EA)

fil humble (EA)

peter polardi

evrokomisia ioakim d’eugenio

ftidrix barti

qveyana an saxeli E-mail faqsi telefoni

organizacia

evrostati maria pau-vali

(Eurostat)

EEA

dominik pro

gaerTianebuli

kvlevis centri

(Joint Research

Centre)

EEB

WWF

COPA-COGECA

ECPA

EUREAU

kaselis

universiteti

(germania)

ekologiisa da

hidrologiis

centri

andre boSe

ana Kristina kardozo

adelin kroli

kirsti levini (RSPBgaerTianebuli

semefo)

devid tikneri

kris taidmani

endriu klarki (NFUinglisi)

diter Seferi (Aventis

Crop Science)

andres finsoni

(Stockholm Vatten)

ditrih borCardti

sandra rixteri

helge emani

Devid burmani

90


91

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

(gaerTianebuli

samefo)

wylis kvlevis

centri

(gaerTianebuli

samefo)

ionne rees

Tomas zabeli

danarTi IV

meTodebis magaliTebis wardgena (danarTi me-4 TavisaTvis)

0. mimoxilva

danarTi Seicavs CamonaTvals meTodebisa, romlebic moyvanilia ZiriTad teqstSi, maTi

moqmedebis sferos da Tavad meTodebis mokle aRweriT.

meTodebi SeiZleba wardgenili iyos am danarTSi, aRniSnuli iyos me-6 TavSi (Tanamedrove

praqtikis magaliTebi) an moxseniebuli iyos mokle aRweris gareSe. es mocemulia qvemoT

moyvanil cxrilSi.

cxrilSi aRniSnulia meTodis moqmedebis sfero da is, Tu wylis obieqtis romeli

kategoriisaTvis gamoiyeneba igi. am danarTSi mneTodebi mocemulia iseTive TanmimdevrobiT,

rogorc cxrilSi.

cxrili danarTi V.1: meTodebis CamonaTvali, moqmedebis sfero da aRweris lokalizacia

meTodis

dasaxeleba

lokalizac

ia

moqmedebis sfero

91

wylis obieqtis kategoria

skrining zewola da mdgomareobi mdinar tb miwisqveS C

i

zegavlena s Sefaseba e a a wylebi

1) zewolis skriningisa da Sefasebis meTodebi

zewolaTa

sakontrol

o

CamonaTval

i

Tavi 4 X X X X X

HMWB es danarTi X morfologi

X

a

evrowylis

qseli

(EuroWaternet

)

saukeTeso

praqtikis

magaliTebi

X X X (X) (X)

LAWA

zewolis

skriningis

meTodi

wylis

xarisxis

angariSebi

Tavi 4 X X

saukeTeso

praqtikis

magaliTebi

ar aris

X X X

OECD

X zegavlena X

(tbebi) citirebuli

2) dabinZurebis zewolis sakvalifikacio meTodebi

OSPAR es danarTi dabinZureba X X

MONERIS es danarTi dabinZureba X X X


92

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

SENTIWA es danarTi dabinZureba X X

Nopolu es danarTi dabinZureba X X X X X

3) zewolebs zegavlenis SefasebasTan kombinirebis meTodebi – wylis obieqtis modelebi

SIMCAT es danarTi zegavlena X

miwisqveSa

wylis

modelebi

ix. Tavi 4

dabinZureba

,

transporti

4) zegavlenis Sefasebis meTodebi

finuri

Sefasebis

meTodi

es danarTi X X X

inglisi da

uelsi

LAWA

Sefasebis

meTodi

franguli

SEQ-“wylis

obieqtis

kategoria”

es danarTi X X

es danarTi X X

es danarTi X X X X X

romelime meTodis gamoyenebamde Tqven unda darwmundeT, rom igi Seesabameba im mizans,

romlisTvisac apirebT mis moxmarebas. Tqven unda gqondeT mkafiod gansazRvruli mizani,

anu icodeT ra SekiTxvebze gsurT pasuxis miReba; unda amoirCioT meTodi, romelsac

Seswevs unari savaraudo zewolisa da zegavlenis simulirebis da saWiro Sedegebis miRebis

uzrunvelyong>ofong>is. Tqven unda erkveodeT yoveli meTodis SesaZleblobebsa da SezRudvebSi.

momdevno nawilebSi aRwerilia samagaliTo xelsawyoebi da modelebi, Tumca aucilebelia

aRiniSnos, rom aRwerili meTodebis umetesoba amJamad gamoiyeneba wevr qveynebSi im

funqciebisaTvis, romlebic msgavsi, an SeiZleba identuria, imisa, rasac moiTxovs wylis

CarCo direqtiva. es aucilebelia imisaTvis, rom meTodi gamosayeneblad daSvebuli iyos.

arsebobs mravali sxva meTodi, romlebic ueWvelad momavalSi danergili iqnebian.

zewolis Sefasebis meTodebi miesadageba garemos elementebis umravlesobas da gamoiyeneba

ori ZiriTadi funqciis Sesasruleblad. pirvelia imis winaswari gansazRvra aris Tu ra

potenciuri zegavlenaa imdenad mniSvnelovani, rom Rirdes SemdgomSi misi gaTvaliswineba

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizisaTvis. savaraudod nebismieri aseTi Sefaseba ganxiluli

iqneba mogvianebiT analizSi, gansakuTrebiT Tu arsebuli zegavlenebi ar miekuTvneba

mTlianad im zewolebs, romlebic Tavidan CaTvlili iyo rogorc gasaTvaliswinebeli.

meore funqcia miesadageba mxolod iSviaT situaciebis, romlebzec sxva informacia ar

arsebobs. aseT SemTxvcevebSi zewolis Sefaseba SeiZleba iyos erTaderTi SesaZlabloba

warumateblobis riskis Sefasebisa. aseTi Sefaseba unda gaxdes sagani monacemTa

monitoringis sistemaSi ganxilvisa, romelic moTxovnilia wylis CarCo direqtiviT. yvelaze

savaraudoa, rom es SemTxvevebi exebodes miwisqveSa wylis obieqtebs, im drois intervalis

gamo, romelic gadis sanam zewolebi gamovlindeba garemoze SesamCnevi zegavlenis saxiT.

92


93

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

zewolis skriningis am meTodebis gamoyenebisas saWiroa yuradReba, radgan maT ar SeuZliaT

saTanadod gamoTvalon sxvadasxva wylis obieqtebis mowyvladoba, rac ganpirobebulia

rogorc masStabirebasTan dakavSirebuli sakiTxebiT aseve wylis obieqtis auzis

maxasiaTeblebiT.

1. zewolis skriningis da Sefasebis meTodebi

SeniSvna: zewolis meTodebis umravlesoba ukve aRwerilia mocemuli instruqciis sxva

nawilebSi, rac ganpirobebulia maTi mniSvnelobiT zogadi midgomisaTvis da pirveli

daxasiaTebisaTvis saWiro praqtikulobisaTvis.

HMBW zewolis identifikaciis meTodi

HMBW instruqcia gvTavazobs hidromorfologiuri zewolebisa da zegavlenebis

saidentifikacio zogierT meTods. cxrilSi danarTi IV.2 moyvanilia ZiriTadi gamoyenebis

sferoebi da fizikuri cvlilebebi.

specifiuri

gamoyeneba

cxrili danarTi IV.2: ZiriTadi specifiuri gamoyenebis sferoebis, fizikuri cvlilebebis da

hidromorfologiasa da biologiaze zegavlenebis mimoxilva

navigacia wyaldidobi

rekr

sgan dacva

eacia

fizikuri

cvlilebebi

(zewolebi)

kaSxalebi da

dambebi

Ggvirabis Senaxva/

dragireba/ masalis

gatana

sanaosno arxebi ×

arxis gayvana/

gasworeba

Nnapirebis

gamagreba/fiqsacia/g

adaRobva

hidroenerg

iis

generacia

miwaTmoqmedeba/sa

tyeo

meurneoba/Tevzis

fermebi

wyliT

momareg

eba

× × × × × ×

× × × ×

× × × × × ×

× × × ×

niadagis drenireba × ×

niadagis moTxovnebi × ×

damdgari wylis

Seqmna gadaRobvis

gziT

× × ×

zegavlenebi

hidromorfologias

a da biologiaze

mdinaris dinebis

uwyvetobisa da

daleqvis procesis

darRveva

mdinaris prong>ofong>ilis

Secvla

mdinaris damdgari

totebisa da

daWaobebuli

× × × × × ×

× × × × ×

× × × × × ×

urba

niza

cia

93


94

adgilebis gamoyong>ofong>a

Semcireba/gaqroba

sarwyavi velebis

dabali/Semcirebul

i dinebebi

faunis/floris

uSualo meqanikuri

dazianeba

daclis xelovnuri

reJimi

miwisqveSa wylis

donis daweva

niadagis

erozia/danagvianeba

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

× × × ×

× × ×

× × ×

× × × ×

× × ×

× × × ×

2. dabinZurebis zewolebis sakvalifiklacio meTodi

OSPAR raodenobrivi gansazRvris da aRweris harmonizebuli procedurebi sakvebi da saSiSi

nivTierebebisaTvis – Harmonised Quantification and Reporting Procedures for Nutrients and Hazardous

Substances (HARP-NUT da HARP-HAZ)

Sefasebis, raodenobrivi gansazRvris (kvantifikaciis) da aRweris wyaroebi azoturi,

fosforuli da saSiSi nivTierebebisaTvis SeTanxmebulia OSPAR da HARP-procesSi

(raodenobrivi Sefasebisa da aRweris harmonizebuli procedurebi).

sakvebi nivTierebebisaTvis arsebobs Semdegi gaidlainebi:

1. HARP CarCo da midgoma

2. akvakultura

3. industria

4. gamoyenebuli wylis damuSaveba da kanalizacia (saniaRvreebis CaTvliT)

5. kanalizaciasTan aradakavSirebuli sacxovrebeli saxli

6. sanapiro dasaxleba

7. wyalgayong>ofong>a

8. mdinaris drenirebis SenarCuneba

gaidlaini 6: raodenobrivi Sefaseba da aRwera gabneuli anTropogenuli produqtebisa da

fonuri danakargebisa aRniSnavs azoturi da fosforuli naerTebis gamoyong>ofong>is gzas

zedapiruli wylebisaken (ix. analoguri naxati 4.1)

- gamoyong>ofong>a zedapiruli CadinebiT (gaxsnili azoturi da fosforuli naerTebis

transporti)

- gamoyong>ofong>a niadagis eroziiT (transporti gansakuTrebuli, absorbirebuli azoturi

da fosforuli naerTebisa)

- napirisa da mdinaris kalapotis erozia

- gamoyong>ofong>a xelovnuri sadrenaJo nakadiT (sadrenaJo milebiT/qvis drenaJiT

- gamoyong>ofong>a gamorecxviT (gatutovnebiT) (mineralizacia, filtraciuli wyali, mag. Sida

nakadi, qvis drenirebuli nakadi, gazafxulis wyali da miwisqveSa wyali)

94


95

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

- uSualo atmosferuli depozicia Sida zedapirul wylebze

es gaidlaini aRwers principebs, romlebic safuZvlad udevs difuzuri anTropogenuri

warmoSobis da bunebriv fonur danakargebs. gaidlainze darTulia magaliTebi im

meTodebisa, romlebic gamoiyeneba SveicariaSi, germaniaSi, gaerTianebul samefoSi, daniaSi,

niderlandebSi da irlandiaSi.

saSiSi nivTierebebis gaidlaini moicavs Semdegs:

1. srul HARP-HAZ instruqcias

2. bromirebuli cecxlgamZle danamatebi

3. kadmiumi

4. dioqsinebi

5. spilenZi

6. lindani

7. vercxliswyali da vercxliswylis naerTebi

8. nonilfenolebi (NP) da nonifenoletoqsilatebi(NPE) da msgavsi nivTierebebi

9. policikluri aromatuli hidrokarbonatebi

10. arakontrolirebadi PCB-Semcveli produqtebi

mocemul gaidlainSi aris informacia aRniSnuli nivTierebebis warmoSobis Semdeg

wyaroebze:

- miwaTmoqmedeba (song>ofong>lis meurneoba)

- transporti/infrastruqtura

- saSeni masalebi

- saSinao meurneoba

- industria (IPPC)

- industria (ara_IPPC)

- narCenebis gadamuSaveba

- dabinZurebuli niadagi

- sxva pirdapiri difuziis wyaroebi.

arafers niSnavs is, rom HARP-NUT me-6 gaidlaini, sakvebi nifTierebebis difuziis

wyaroebze aris erTaderTi, romelic ar aris srulad SeTanxmebuli OSPAR CarCoebSi. am da

sxva meTodebis Sefaseba xdeba amJamad EUROHARP proeqtis farglebSi

(http://www.euroharp.org/index.htlm). EUROHARP Seadarebs cxra Tanamedrove sxvadasxva

meTodologias Nda P difuziuri kargvis raodenobrivi gansazRvrisa Cvidmet sakvlev auzSi

evropuli klimatis, niadagebis, topografiis, hidrologiisa da miwis gamoyenebis

gradientis gaTvaliswinebiT. arCeuli meTodologiebi gamosadegia auzebis

masStabirebisaTvis da dResdReobiT gamoiyeneba evropuli kvleviTi institutebis mier

nacionalur da saerTaSoriso doneze politikis SemqmnelTa informirebulobisaTvis.

95


96

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

EUROHARP pirveladi mizania saboloo momxmareblebis (nacionaluri da saerTaSoriso

evropuli garemos politikis Semqmnelebis) uzrunvelyong>ofong>a cxra Tanamedrove raodenobrivi

gansazRvris meTodis saguldagulo mecnieruli gamokvleviT da maTi unariT gamoTvalos

sakvebi nivTierebebis (azoti, fosfori) difuzia zedapiruli sufTa wyalSi da sanapiro

wylebSi; da Sedegad gaaadvilos wylis CarCo direqtivis implementacia.

aRniSnuli mimoxilvis dasrulebamde momxmareblebs urCeven airCion maTi situaciisaTvis

yvelaze Sesaferisi meTodologia. es moiTxovs garkveul Sefasebebs niadagSi azotis da

fosforis odenobisa da maTi niadagidan kargvis procesebsa da gzebSi garkvevas. azotis

da fosforis danakargebi SeiZleba mniSvnelovan farglebSi varirebdes, amitom

analizisaTvis aucilebelia monacemebi mcenareuli safarisa da miwis gamoyenebis Sesaxeb.

am informaciis SesaZlo wyaroebia evropuli farTod koordinirebuli monacemebi CORINE

mcenareuli safaris Sesaxeb (garemoze informaciis koordinacia) da NUTS (statistikuri

teritoriuli erTeulebis nomenklatura). atmosferuli depoziciis Sesaxeb monacemebis

moZieba SesaZlebelia EMEP –idan (gaerTianebuli monitoringisa da gamokvlevis programa

haeris damabinZureblebis gaxangrZlivebuli transmisiisa evropaSi).

meTodebi Cveulebriv iyeneben eqsportis koeficients, romelic dakavSirebulia erT an

ramodenimesTan CamoTvlilTagan: marcvleuli kulturebi, daTesvis simWidrove, niadagis

tipi, klimati, ekoregioni da daqaneba (daxra).

gamoyenebuli literatura

OSPAR zRvis garemos da Crdilo-aRmosavleTi atlantikis dacvis konvencia, raodebobrivi

gansazRvris da aRweris harmonizebuli gaidlainebi.

sakvebi nivTierebebisaTvis: Norwegian Pollution Control Autority (stf) 1759 1759/2000 (ISBN 82-7655-401-6)

http://www.ospar.org/eng/html/welcome.html (Measures ->Agreements -> List ong>ofong> Agreements (2000);

saSiSi nivTierebebisaTvis: stf 1789/2001(ISBN 82-7655-416-4)

http://www.stf.no/english/harphaz

MONERIS

germaniaSi gamoiyeneba modeli MONERIS (Modelling Nutrient Emissions in River Systems – sakvebi

nivTierebebis mdinareebis sistemaSi emisiis modelireba) germaniis baltiis zRvis auzis

mdinareebSi sakvebi nivTierebebis SeRwevis

sxvadasxva difuziuri gzebis gansazRvrisaTvis. modeli dafuZnebulia geografiul

sainformacio sistemaze (GIS), romelic Seicavs digitalur rukebs da mdinareebis, miwisqveSa

wylebis da organizebuli nakadebis vrcel statistikur informaciasa da monitorings.

germanuli emisiis yvela gzebis momcveli meTodis detaluri arwera mocemulia “Nutrient

Emissions into River Basins ong>ofong> Germany”, romelic gamoqveynebulia 2000 wels UBA Texte 23/00.

96


97

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

maSin rodesac wylis gamwmendi sadgurebi da warmoebebi uSualod mdinareebSi gamoyong>ofong>en

nivTierebebs, difuziuri emisia zedapirul wylebSi ganpirobebulia sumaciiT sxvadasxva

gzebisa, romlebic realizdeba nakadis calkeuli komponentebiT (ix. naxati danarTi IV.1).

difuziis wyaroebis komponentebis es gancalkeveba aucilebelia, radgan gzebSi sakvebi

nivTierebebis koncentracia da relevanturi procesebi umeteswilad Zalian gansxvavebulia

erTmaneTisagan. modelSi gaTvaliswinebulia difuziis eqvsi gza, romlebSic danakargebi

calcalke ganisazRvreba:

- atmosferuli depozicia

- erozia

- zedapiruli wyali (nakadi)

- miwisqveSa wyali

- qvis drenaJi

- qvafeniliani urbanuli teritoriebi.

emisiis wyarodan mdinaremde gzis garda nivTierebebi imarTeba transformaciis, retenciis

da kargvis procesebis erTobliobiT. transformaciisa da retenciis am procesebis codna

aucilebelia sakvebi nivTierebebis maT wyaroebTan dakavSirebul mdinareebSi

gamoyong>ofong>is/kargvis raodenobrivi gansazRvrisa da prediqciisaTvis. imis gamo, rom am

procesebis Sesaxeb codna da dResdReobiT arsebuli monacemTa baza gansakuTrebiT

saSualo da didi zomis mdinareebis auzebisaTvis arasrulia, am procesebis aRwera ver

gakeTdeba detalizebuli dinamiuri modeliT.

amis gamo, MONERIS gansazRvravs sxvadasxva gzebs amJamad arsebuli da axali

konceptualuri midgomebiT, romlebic SemuSavebulia specialurad saSualo da didi

sivrcobrivi masStabis modelirebisaTvis. modelis SemuSavebis sakiTxebia:

- GIS dadasturebuli meTodis SemuSaveba, regionuli diferencirebuli

gansazRvrisaTvis gamoyong>ofong>a/kargvebisa stacionaruli da difuzuri wyaroebidan 500

km² -ze meti farTobis auzis mqone mdinareebisaTvis.

- qvemodelebis SemuSaveba regionulad diferencirebuli gansazRvrisaTvis sakvebi

nivTierebebis gamoyong>ofong>isa wylis gamwmendi sadgurebidan da warmoebebidan, qveynis

wylis gamwmendi sadgurebisa da warmoebebis detaluri reestris saSualebiT

- qvemodelis Seqmna eroziiT gamowveuli sakvebi nivTierebebisa da Sewonili uxeSi

nawilakebis sawyisi komponentisa, romelic gamosadegi iqneba yvela gamokvleuli

mdinaris auzisaTvis. es modeli dafuZnebulia unificirebul nadagis danakargebis

gamoTvlis formulaze, magram iTvaliswinebs mxolod im adgilebs, romlebic

relevanturia mdinaris sistemaSi sawyisi komponentisaTvis. qvemodeli validizebuli

iqna Sewonili myari nawilakebis da daqucmacebuli fosforuli tvirTiT mdinareTa

auzebisaTvis.

- qvemodelis Seqmna, romelic saSualebas iZleva ganisazRvros miwisqveSa wylebSi

azotis koncentrireba azotis siWarbis gamo samiwaTmoqmedo teritoriebzwe

97


98

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

retenciis funqciis saSualebiT. es retenciis funqcia damokidebulia

hidrogeologiur pirobebze, miwisqveSa wylis Sevsebis doneze da TviT azotis

siWarbeze. retenciis modeli moicavs pirvel uxeS Sefasebas arasaturirebul

zonaSi wylis dayovnebis drois da mdinareTa auzis wylis horizontis

- GIS dadasturebuli qvemeTodis SemuSaveba drenaJiT modificirebuli

samiwaTmoqmedo teritoriebis regionulad diferencirebuli gansazRvrisaTvis. es

qvemodeli dafuZnebulia niadagis tipebze da niadagis wylis reJimTa klasifikaciaze

da validirebulia digitalizebuli rukiT qviT drenirebadi teritoriebisa niadagis

rukasTan erTad

- qvemodelis Seqmna sakvebi nivTierebebis gamoyong>ofong>is/kargvis sxvadasxva gzebisa

urbanul teritoriebze, sakanalizacio sistemis gansxvavebebis gaTvaliswinebiT da

Sesanaxi moculobis SeqmniT gansakuTrebiT kombinirebuli sakanalizacio

sistemebisaTvis

- qvemodelis Seqmna sakvebi nivTierebebis retenciisa da kargvisaTvis zedapirul

wylebSi, romelic gamosadegi iqneba yvela mdinaris auzisaTvis. es modeli emyareba

sakvebi nivTierebebis retenciis damokidebulebas mdinaris sistemis hidravlikur

datvirTvasa an specifiur zedapirul Camdinare wylebze. modeli saSualebas iZleva

mdinaris auzSi sakvebi nivTierebebis Cadinebis sakvebi nivTierebebis sawyisi

wyaroebidan. aqedan gamomdinare, SesaZlebelia pirdapiri Sedareba gamoTvlili da

gamovlenili sakvebi nivTierebebis Cadinebisa mdinaris auzis saTaveSi.

98


99

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

naxati danarTi IV.1 MONERIS gzebi da procesebi

samiwaTmoqmedo teritoriaze sakvebi nivTierebebis balansi. sakvebi nivTierebebis

siWarbe niadagis zeda fenaSi.

daleqva da retencia miwaSi erozia. sorbcia, desorbcia zedapiruli Camdinare wyali.

sakvebi nivTierebebis gamotutovneba fesvebis zonidan. gruntis nakadi. zedapirqveSa nakadi.

drenaJi. retencia da danakargebi arasaturirebul zonaSi. retencia da danakargebi

miwisqveSa wyalSi. atmosferuli depozicia. qvafeniliani urbanuli teritoriebi.

wertilovani wyaroebi. sakvebi nivTierebebis SeRweva mdinareebis sistemebSi. sakvebi

nivTierebebis retencia da kargva mdinareebis sistemebSi. sakvebi nivTierebebis Cadineba

mdinareebSi. sakvebi nivTierebebis Casvla zRvebSi.

modelebis SemuSavebis erTerTi specifiuri sakiTxia is, rom sxvadasxva qvemodelebi

validizebulia monacemTa damoukidebeli nakrebis gamoyenebiT. magaliTad, miwisqveSa

wylis modeli SemuSavebulia miwisqveSa wyalSi gamovlenili azotis koncentraciis

gamoyenebiT magram ara imis safuZvelze, Tu rogoria sakvebi nivTierebebis gamovlenili

Cadineba mdinareebSi.

GIS gamoyeneba saSualebas iZleva mdinaris sistemaSi sakvebi nivTierebebis

gamoyong>ofong>is/kargvis diferencirebuli raodenobrivi gansazRvrisa. aqedan gamomdinare,

gansazRvra ar xdeba mxolod didi mdinareeebis auzebisaTvis. MONERIS modeli

gamoyenebuli iyo germaniis 300 mdinaris auzisaTvis, romelTa zomebia 100-5000 km² 1985, 1995

da 2000 drois periodisaTvis.

SENTWA (System for ong>theong> evaluation ong>ofong> ong>theong> nutrient transport to surface water - sakvebi nivTierebebis

zedapiruli wylebisaken transportirebis Sefasebis sistema)

SENTWA modeli aris song>ofong>lis meurneobis (sasuqebis gamoyenebis) Sedegad sakvebi

nivTierebebis zedapiruli wylisaken emisiis simulirebis sistema. es modeli

formulirebulia miwaTmoqmedebis federaluri saministrosTan arsebuli CODA-s mier (Center

for research in veterinary medicine and agrochemicals – veterinaruli medicinisa da agroqimikatebis

kvlevis centri) 1993 wels, elbes regionis germanuli piloturi kvlevis safuZvelze. CODAm

moaxdina modelis adaptireba belgiisaTvis da daxvewa modeli kalibraciis da

validaciis gziT, regionebisaTvis “Zvalm” (qviSiani Tixnari), da “Mark” (qviSnari)

flandriaSi (belgia) (1997 wels) flamandiis garemos saagentos -Flemish Environment AgencY-

(VMM) SekveTiT.

99


100

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

es aris naxevrad empiriuli modeli, romelic Tvlis song>ofong>lis meurneobis Sedegad sakvebi

nivTierebebis (nutrientebis) emisiebis mniSvnelobaTa rigiTobas. igi Tvlis mdinaris

wyalSemkreb auzSi azotis da fosforis totalur wliur an Tviur gadatanas (azotis/

fosforis kg an tona; azotis/fosforis kg an tona erT heqtarze). flandriaSi aris 11

mdinaris wyalSemkrebi auzi.

modeli Seqmnilia rogorc meTodi song>ofong>lis meurneobis/ garemos strategiis xelSewyobisa

da SefasebisaTvis.

modeli Sedgeba emisiebis 7 nakrebisagan:

• atmosferuli danakargebi;

• pirdapiri danakargebi

- pirdapiri danakargebi fertilizatoris gamoyenebisas (qimiuri sasuqi)

- pirdapiri danakargebi saZovrebis tipis mecxoveleobidan (organuli sasuqi)

- pirdapiri danakargebi Tavlis tipis mecxoveleobidan (organuli sasuqi)

- pirdapiri danakargebi sasuqis siTxidan an silosidan

• drenaJuli danakargebi (es Cveulebrivi danakargebia sasong>ofong>losameurneo sasuqebis

gamoyenebisas)

• miwisqveSa wylebis danakargebi (es Cveulebrivi danakargebia sasong>ofong>losameurneo

sasuqebis gamoyenebisas)

• Warbi danakargebi (sasuqebis gadametebuli Setanisas)

• eroziuli danakargebi

• zedapiruli Cadinebis danakargebi

upirveles yovlisa, es danakargebi gamoTvlilia wliurad (municipalitetis masStabiT) da

Semdeg gadanawilebulia Tveebze sxvadasxva faqtorebis gaTvaliswinebiT, rogoricaa

precipitacia, fertilizatoris gamoyeneba, sasong>ofong>losameurneo aqtivoba da sxv.

romeli sawyisi komponentia aucilebeli?

monacemebi miwis saslong>ofong>losameurneo gamoyenebis da cxovelebis sxvadasxva saxeobaTa

Sesaxeb (msxvili rqosani pirutyvi);

monacemebi cxovelTa sxvadasxva saxeobis (msxvili rqosani pirutyvi) eqskreciis

koeficientis Sesaxeb;

monacemebi fertilizatorebis gamoyenebis Sesaxeb;

monacemebi sasuqis transportis Sesaxeb;

monacemebi precipitaciis Sesaxeb;

monacemebi sxvadasxva marcvleuli kulturis mosavlis aRebis Sesaxeb; monacemebi sasuqebis

gamoyenebis standartebis Sesaxeb.

100


101

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

es sawyisi faqtorebi arsebobs municipalitetis, an provinciebis, an sasong>ofong>losameurneo

erTeulebis masStabiT:

• 1999-2000 modeli iqna gadawerili, raTa gamxdariyo momxmareblisaTvis ufro advili

da gamoyenebuli iqna sxva programuli ena (DBASE-s magivrad DELPHI), VMM

instruqciebis Sesabamisad

• 2000-2001 ERM –s VMM mier mieniWa uflebamosileba, Seeswavla sxvadasxva

parametrebi, faqtorebi, koeficientebi, romlebic gamoiyeneba SENTWA-Si modelis

saWiroebisamebr gaumjobesebis mizniT.

• 2002 wlis zafxulSi, Catarda axali gamoTvlebi gaumjobesebuli modeliT;

• 2002 wlis Semodgomaze, modelis daxvewa drenaJuli danakargebis, miwisqveSa wylis

danakargebis da Warbi danakargebisaTvis iqna Catarebuli. kalibracia gakeTdeba

wylis (mag. zRvis ) daSrobis Sedegad miRebuli sasong>ofong>losameurneo regionebisaTvis.

• NOPOLU sistemis (magaliTad safrangeTSi EEA/ETC-W Sesamowmeblad gamoiyeneboda)

emisiebis Sefasebis meTodologia.

1993 wlidan, Ifen (EEA –s safrangeTis nacionaluri fokaluri erTeuli) iyenebs NOPOLU

sistemas NwyalSemkreb auzebTan dakavSirebuli monacemebis damuSavebisa da relevanturi

monacemebis producirebisaTvis.

sistema dafuZnebulia srul (Tumca progresulad implementirebad) aRweraze safrangeTis

municipalitetis hidrologiuri da administraciuli Taviseburebebisa. gaanalizeba xdeba

6210 poligonisa (romlebic gaerTianebulia wylis 6 saagentod/55 ZiriTad auzad), xolo

administraciuli erTeulebi gaanalizdeba 23 000 met municipalitetSi. orive gansazRvrebas

Soris urTierTkavSiri imarTeba sistemis mier, specifiuri kavSirebis gziT (didi qalaqebi,

romlebic gamoyong>ofong>en polutantebs moSorebiT mdebare mdinareSi), an reestriT, romelic

amoRebulia CORINE land cover-dan.

amJamad marTuli monacemebia mdinareSi gamoyong>ofong>a, mdinaris monitoringis monacemebi,

atmosferuli naleqebi (efeqturi naleqebis CaTvliT), wylis abstraqciebi, industriuli

aqtivobebi (produqciis, emisiis monacemebis, narCeni wylis gadamamuSavebeli danadgarebis

CaTvliT), urbanuli aqtivobebi (populacia, WWTPfunqcionireba, kanalizaciis sistema,

SeerTebuli industriuli obieqtebis CaTvliT).

mTavari maxasiaTebeli aris is, rom sistema maRalintegrirebulia Sedegebis jvaredini

Sefasebis gaadvilebisaTvis, OSPAR gaidlainis miznebis dasakmayong>ofong>ileblad, iseve rogorc

direqtivasTan SesabamisobisaTvis. meore mniSvnelovani Tviseba aris:

• sistema eZebs calkeul elementTan dakavSirebul individualur monacemebs (mag.

WWTP muSaobis parametrebi) da Tu isini ar arsebobs, igi Caanacvlebs maT

101


102

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

standartuli maCveneblebiT, romlebic Zlier regionalizebulia. es saWiroa

araobieqturi gamoTvlis prevenciisaTvis, radgan ukanaskneli ar aris mTlianad

“monacemTa miwodebaze damokidebuli”.

• GIS menejmentis mxolod erTi sistema aris gamoyenebaSi: erTi da igive monacemebi

gamoiyeneba igive areebSi wylis xarisxis SefasebisaTvis, EuroWaternet

reprezentatiuli qselebis, sasong>ofong>losameurneo narCenebis, industriuli emisiebis an

mdinaris mimdebare teritoriebze nakadebisaTvis.

zewolebis kvalifikaciis TvalsazrisiT, ZiriTadi produqcia aris polutantebis pirdapiri

da difuzuri gamoyong>ofong>is gamoangariSeba (urbanuli, industriuli, sasong>ofong>losameurneo), rac

momzadebuli da Semowmebuli iqna Llorie-bretanis wylis saagentos mier 1999 wels.

produqcia SeiZleba mowidebuli iyos nebismieri masStabiT da modalobiT. magaliTad,

industriuli emisiebi SeiZleba producirebuli iyos NACE saSualebiT (informacia aris

veb-gverdze: http://nace.org/nace/content/AboutNace/aboutnaceindex.aspnomenclature ), NUTS3 -iT da

dayong>ofong>ili iyos rogorc pirdapiri gamoyong>ofong>a, industriuli gadamamuSavebeli

danadgarebidan an urbanuli miwisqveSa kanalizaciuri koleqtorebidan gamoyong>ofong>a. isini

SeiZleba nebismier doneze wyalSemkrebi auzisa Sejamebuli iqnan, raTa Sedardnen

mdinarispira nakadebTan, rac aseve daTvlilia NOPOLU-Si, mdinareSi gamoyong>ofong>is da mdinaris

qimiuri monacemebis damuSavebis gziT.

sistemis struqtura orientirebulia srul transparentulobasa da disprovabelobaze,

Sualeduri Sedegebis wyalobiT. amitom, sasong>ofong>losameurneo dabinZurebis moduli pirvel

rigSi iTvlis narCenebs, rac SeiZleba Sedardes damoukidebel monacemebTan, da Semdeg

transfers, rac regulirdeba urbanuli da industriuli gamoyong>ofong>iTa da mdinarispira

dinebebiT.

NOPOLU Seqmnilia Access 2000 –iT (Riaa Oracle klientebis/serverebis) monacemTa bazebisaTvis,

procedurebis umravlesoba aris Visual Basik-Si, da mas SeuZlia nebismieri gare modulis

damuSaveba (APL CaTvliT). mas emsaxureba Beture-Cerec, JAAKKO POYRY Svileuli kompania.

3. zewolebis zegavlenis SefasebasTan kombinirebis meTodebi – wylis obieqtebis modelebi

mocemuli danarTis sxva nawilebSi aRwerili meTodebi iZlevian saSualebas savaraudo

zewolis savaraudo mniSvnelobis Sefasebisa, an imis pirdapir miTiTebiT, rom wylis

obieqti imyong>ofong>eba Tavisi funqciis Seusruleblobis riskis qveS, an imis gamoaSkaravebiT,

rom zewola saWiroebs Semdgom gamokvlevas.

xSirad am meTodebiT miRebuli daskvnebi SeiZleba kombinirebuli iyos sxva meTodTan,

romelic axdens zewolebis Sesaxeb informaciis kombinirebas mimRebi wylis obieqtis

gamosaxvasTan. amgvarad, magaliTad abstraqciiT gamowveuli zewola iTvleba

102


103

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

Tavdapirvelad da Semdeg kombinirdeba mdinaris sistemis Sesaxeb informaciasTan, raTa

ganisazRvros aqtualuri zegavlena.

arsebobs Zalian bevri modeli, romelic SeiZleba gamoyenebuli iyos zewolaTa da

zegavlenaTa analizisaTvis, romelsac moiTxovs wylis CarCo direqtiva. am instruqciaSi ar

aris warmodgenili am modelebis sruli katalogi an romelime modelis gamoyenebis

rekomendacia. Semdegi nawilebis mizania mkiTxvels miawodos informacia modelebis

sxvadasxva arsebuli tipebis Sesaxeb, da imaT Sesaxeb, romlebic SeiZleba praqtikul

situaciaSi gamosadegi iyvnen.

modelebi xSirad efuZneba adgils (anu saxasiaTo teritoriebs) da umravles SemTxvevaSi

es adgili dakavSirebulia wylis obieqtTan (mag. mdinare, tba, sanapiri wylebi). es

individualuri adgilebis modelebi SeiZleba SeerTebuli iyos erTmaneTTan

sxvadasxvagvarad raTa gamosaxos ufro didi sistema; magaliTad difuzuri modeli

(zewolis gaangariSebis meTodi aRwerili nawilSi 4.30) SeiZleba SeuerTdes mdinareebis

models da miwisqveSa wylebis models wyalSemkrebi auzis sruli hidrologiuri sistemis

gamosaxvisaTvis. sxva modelebi asaxaven mraval adgils erTi CarCos (infrastruqturis)

farglebSi.

bevri momdinare proeqtis, rogorc nacionaluri aseve evropuli masStabiT, mizania

uzrunvelyon modelirebis teqnikis Sesaxeb sruli informacia, wylis CarCo direqtivis

mxardasaWerad. erTerTi gamoCenili aris BMW (SedarebiTi analizis modelebi wylis CarCo

direqtivisaTvis Benchmarking Models for ong>theong> WFD, http://www.vyh.fi/eng/research/euproj/bmw/homepage.htm ).

miuxedavad imisa, rom am proeqtebis saboloo angariSi ar gamoqveyndeba sanam ar

damTavrdeba zegavlenaTa sawyisi analizi, maT SesaZloa mogvawodon saWiro informacia

modelirebis teqnikaze.

• monte-karlos hibriduli deterministuli modeli mdinareebisaTvis – SIMCAT

am tipis modelirebis meTodi aTavsebs transportirebisa da dinebis Sida procesebis

deterministul aRweras monte-karlos infrastruqturis (CarCos) SigniT. damoukidebeli

modelebis didi raodenoba gamoiyeneba wylis xarisxis ganawilebis generaciisaTvis

mdinaris qselSi. amis misaRwevad models esaWiroeba yvela sawyisi monacemi (Senakadebi,

gamoyong>ofong>a da abstraqciebi) raTa moaxdinos specifikacia mudmivi, normaluri,

logariTmulad normaluri, samparametriani wanacvlebuli logariTmulad normaluri, an

araparametruli ganawilebebisa wliurad an Tviurad. yoveli modeli iyenebs nimuSebs am

ganawilebebisa, an randomulad, an momxmareblis mier gansazRvruli korelaciebis

gamoyenebiT nakadsa da xarisxs Soris, gamoyong>ofong>is nakadsa da mimRebi mdinaris nakads Soris,

an Senakadebis nakadsa da ZiriTadi mdinaris nakads Soris. dadgenili distribuciebidan

(ganawilebebidan) SIMCAT axdens saSualo maCveneblis gamoyvanas 95% an 90% TiToeuli

determinantisaTvis. aseve mocemulia sarwmunoobis limiti.

103


104

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

SIMCAT ar xsnis adveqciur-dispersiul gantolebebs, amis magivrad iyenebs yovel radiusze

gadatanaTa martivi Sekrebis formulas, koncentraciis gamosaTvlelad da nakadi-siCqare

urTierTkavSirs dinebis mimarTulebiT moZraobis gamosaTvlelad. miCneulia, rom

polutantebi maSinve da erTgvarovnad Seereva mimReb wyals da gadaadgildeba imave

siCqariT, rogorc es wyali.

modeli moicavs qlorids, BOD, amoniums da DO, rogorc standartul determinantebs.

qimiuri procesebi moicavs reaeracias, BOD daSlas, da amoniumis nitrifikacias (striterfespis

modificirebuli formulis Tanaxmad). procesebi warmodgenilia temperaturisadmi

sensitiuri pirveli rigis daSliT. daSlisa da reaeraciis yvela parametris da siCqaris

urTierTkavSiri SeiZleba TiToeul radiusSi calcalke iyos specifizirebuli.

kalibracia SeiZleba moxdes manualurad an modelis Sida rutinuli kalibraciuli

xerxiT, romelic amTxvevs modelis produqcias gazomil monacemebs, parametrebis da

difuzuri nakadis SeTanawyobiT. TviTkalibraciisas SIMCAT iZleva mdinaris eqstra

nakadebs ise, rom Sedegebi emTxveva nakadebis kalibrs, iseve rogorc mdinaris sigrZis

Sedegi, da iTvlis xarisxis parametrebTan TanxvedraTa serias, raTa daemTxves xarisxis

samodelo ganawilebas romlebic aRniSnulia monitoringis sadgurebze.

avtokalibraciis Tanmimdevroba iseTia, rom samodeli Sedegebi jer dardeba monitoringis

sadguris monacemebs. xdeba daTvla parametrebis damTxvevebisa da siCqarisa, rac

saSualebas iZleva gazomil monacemebTan zusti Tanxvedrisa, da Semdeg modeli ubrundeba

dinebis zemoT mdebare monitoringis sadguris xarisxis monacemebs da imeorebs mis mier

dinebis mimarTulebiT ufro qvemoT Catarebul kalkulaciebs, parametrebis, nakadis da

siCqaris axali maCveneblebis gamoyenebiT. modelis axali Sedegebi dardeba monitoringis

sadguris monacemebs, da Tu aucilebelia, procesi meordeba.

‣ arsebuli gamoyeneba

SIMCAT aris modeli, romelic SemuSavda garemos saagentosaTvis (inglisSi da uelsSi) da

farTod gamoiyeneba wylis xarisxis dagegmarebaSi. rodesac modeli kalibrirebulia, misi

gamoyeneba SeuZlia SedarebiT naklebi gamocdilebis mqone personalsac, radgan modelis

muSaobis meTodi da misi produqcia martivi da gasagebia. miuxedavad amisa, wyalSemkrebi

auzis modeli yovelTvis kalibrirebuli unda iqnas kompetenturi teqnikuri personalis

mier, da iqnas yuradRebiT Semowmebuli, radgan sawyisi monacemebis interpretaciaSi

Secdomebi am tipis modelSi (sadac kalibracia efuZneba mxolod sawyis monacemebs) iwveven

SecdomiT kalibracias da amis gamo Sedegebis araswor interpretacias.

‣ relevantoba zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizisaTvis

104


105

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

am tipis meTodi pirveladad mowodebulia mdinareebis saerTo qimiur xarisxze dabinZurebis

wertilovani wyaroebis zegavlenis gamokvlevisaTvis. igi saSualebas iZleva yoveli

wyaros zewolis Sedegad warmoqmnili zegavlena Sefasebuli iyos rogorc

individualurad, aseve kombinirebulad. difuzuri gadatana aseve SeiZleba iyos miRebuli.

‣ literatura da dokumentacia

modelis saxelmZRvaneloSi modelis momzadebis procesi nabij-nabij aris axsnili. masSi

aris vrceli nawili modelis statistikuri safuZvlebis Sesaxeb. saxelmZRvaneloSi aris

aseve daSlis parametrebis yvela forma, romelic gamoiyeneba modelSi, aseve

gadaadgilebis drois formulebi da sarwmunoobis limitis Sefasebis meTodebi.

4. zegavlenis Sefasebis meTodebi

• fineTis nacionaluri wylis xarisxis klasifikacia

fineTis arsebuli wylis xarisxis klasifikaciis sistema SemuSavebuli iqna imisaTvis, rom

mocemuli iyos informacia wylis vargisianobisa adamianis mier gamoyenebisaTvis,

ekologiuri xarisxis mxolod im elementebis gaTvaliswinebiT, romlebsac pirdapiri

zegavlena aqvT wylis vargisianobaze. igi ganixilavs wylis yvela obieqts erTnairad, ar

akeTebs gansxvavebas wylis sxvadasxva kategoriebsa da wylis obieqtebis tipebs Soris.

klasifikacia ZiriTadad emyareba qimiuri xarisxis elementebs da aseve zogierT

biologiur elementsac (higienuri indikatorebi, qlorong>ofong>ili da “wylis yvaviloba”).

kriteriumebi da zRcvruli koncentraciebi moyvanilia cxrilSi danarTi IVb.3

cxrili danarTi IV.3: klasifikaciis finuri nacionaluri sistema

klasi klasis interpretacia cvladebi da maTi zRvruli

mniSvnelobebi

I saukeTeso

wyali bunebriv

mdgomareobaSia, Cveulebriv

oligotrong>ofong>ulia, gamWvirvale

an mciredi naleqiT.

gamoyenebis yvela formisaTvis

Sesaferisia.

feri < 50 mg Pt/l

gamWvirvaloba > 2.5 m

SemRvreva < 1.5 FTU

nawlavis kolibaqteriebi an nawlavuri

streptokokebi < 10 CFU/100 ml

totaluri fosfori < 12 μg/l

saSualo qlorong>ofong>ili –α zrdis

periodSi < 3 μg/l

II kargi

wyali bunebrivTan

miaxloebul mdgomareobaSia

an mcired eutrong>ofong>iuli. wyali

kvlav Sesaferisia gamoyenebis

sferoTa umravlesobisaTvis.

Jangbadis koncentracia epilimnionSi

80-100%

ar aris Jangbadis deficiti

hipolimnionSi

feri 50-100 mg Pt/l (< 200 bunebriv

huminur wylebSi)

gamWvirvaloba 1-2.5 m

fekaliis indikatori baqteria < 50

CFU/100 ml

totaluri fosfori < 30 μg/l

105


106

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

saSualo qlorong>ofong>ili –α zrdis

periodSi < 10 μg/l

III

damakmayong>ofong>ilebeli

IV misaRebi

wyalSi mcired Sereulia

narCeni (gamoyenebuli) wylebi,

arawertilovani gadatanis an

sxva aqtivobebis gamo, an aris

SesamCnevad eutrong>ofong>iuli

bunebrivi mizezebis gamo.

wyali Cveulebriv

damakmayong>ofong>ilebelia

gamoyenebis sferoTa

umetesobisaTvis

wyalSi mniSvnelovnad

Sereulia narCeni wylebi

arawertilovani gadatanis an

sxva aqtivobebis gamo. wyali

gamodgeba mxolod

gamoyenebis im sferoebisaTvis,

romelTac wylis xarisxisadmi

dabali moTxovnebi aqvT.

Jangbadis koncentracia epilimnionSi

70-120%, Jangbadis garkveuli

deficiti SeiZleba iyos hipolimnionSi

feri < 150 mg Pt/l

fekaliis indikatori baqteria < 100

CFU/100 ml

totaluri fosfori < 50 μg/l

saSualo qlorong>ofong>ili –α zrdis

periodSi < 20 μg/l

Jangbadis koncentracia epilimnionSi

40-150%, Jangbadis garkveuli

deficiti hipolimnionSi

fekaliis indikatori baqteria < 1000

CFU/100 ml

totaluri fosfori < 50-100 μg/l

saSualo qlorong>ofong>ili –α zrdis

periodSi < 20-50 μg/l

“wylis Yyvaviloba” xSiria

janmrTelobisaTvis saSiSi

elementebis koncentracia: As < 50 μg/l,

Hg < 2 μg/l, Cd < 5 μg/l, Cr < 50 μg/l, Pb < 50

μg/l, totaluri cianidi < 50 μg/l

V cudi

wyali Zlier dabinZurebulia

narCeni wylebiT

arawertilovani gadatanis an

sxva aqtivobebis gamo. ar

Seefereba wylis gamoyenebis

arcerT sferos.

wylis balansis did problemebi,

Jangbadis saturacia epilimnionSi

zafxulis ganmavlobaSi SeiZleba

aRematebodes 150%; meores mxriv,

SesaZloa Jangbadis totaluri

Semcireba zedapirze; stratifikaciis

sezonis bolos hipolimnioni

SesaZloa sruliad anaerobuli iyos.

fekaliis indikatori baqteria > 1000

CFU/100 ml

totaluri fosfori > 100 μg/l

saSualo qlorong>ofong>ili –α zrdis

periodSi > 50 μg/l

erTi an meti CamoTvlilidan aWarbebs

zRvrul limits specifiurs IV

klasisaTvis: As, Hg, CD, Cr, Pb an

totaluri cianidi.

vercxliswylis koncentracia

mtacebeli Tevzis saxeobebSi > 1 mg/kg

xSirad wylis zedapirze aris

zeTovani fena

• garemos saagentos (inglisi da uelsi) mdinaris ekosistemis klasifikacia

106


107

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

inglisis da uelsis mdinaris ekosistemis klasifikaciis sqema warmodgenilia cxrilSi

danarTi IV.4. fizikur-qimiuri parametrebi SeiZleba aRebuli iqnas gamovlenili

monacemebidan an modelirebuli produqciidan. iTvleba, rom klasebi 1 da 2 gamosaxaven

kondiciebs, Sesaferiss oragulisebri da kobrisebri Tevzebis populaciisaTvis.

cxrili danarTi IV.4: mdinaris ekosistemis klasifikacia, romelsac iyenebs inglisis da

uelsis garemos saagento

klasi gaxsnili

Jangbadi

%

saturaci

a 10th %ile

BOD

mg l¯¹

90th

%ile

totaluri

amoniumi

mg N l¯¹ 90th

%ile

UNionizirebul

i amoniumi

mg N l¯¹ 95th

%ile

pH qveda

limiti 5th

%ile zeda

limitamd

e 95th %ile

simyare

mg l¯¹

CaCO3

gaxsnili

spilenZi

μg l¯¹ 95th

%ile

totaluri

TuTia μg

l¯¹ 95th %ile

1 80 2.5 0.25 0.021 6.0-9.0 ≤ 10

>10 ≤ 50

>50 ≤100

>100

2 70 4.0 0.6 0.021 6.0-9.0 ≤ 10

>10 ≤ 50

>50 ≤100

>100

3 60 6.0 1.3 0.021 6.0-9.0 ≤ 10

>10 ≤ 50

>50 ≤100

>100

4 50 8.0 2.5 6.0-9.0 ≤ 10

>10 ≤ 50

>50 ≤100

>100

5 20 15.0 9.0

5

22

40

112

5

22

40

112

5

22

40

112

5

22

40

112

30

200

300

500

30

200

300

500

30

200

300

500

30

200

300

500

• zegavlenis Sefasebis germanuli modeli (LAWA)

gamokvleuli unda iyos monacemebi wylis obieqtis mdgomareobis Sesaxeb, romelic arsebobs

garemoze dakvirvebis Sedegad. wylis obieqtis mdgomareobis pirveladi monacemebi unda

gaTvaliswinebuli iyos zewolebis zegavlenis Sesafaseblad da unda iyos gansjili

xarisxisadmi moTxovnebis da agregaciis kriteriumebis mixedviT. Tu es arasakmarisia,

aucilebelia Sefaseba an gaTvaliswineba modelis dadgenili zewolebis safuZvelze. imis

albaTobis varaudi, rom kargi ekologiuri an qimiuri kondiciebi ar iqneba miRweuli

dakvirvebis periodis ganmavlobaSi, gakeTdeba kriteriumebis safuZvelze, romlebic

moyvanilia cxrilSi danarTi IV.5.

cxrili danarTi IV.5: zegavlenaTa SefasebisaTvis aucilebeli informacia (LAWA)

107


108

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

indikatori

zRvruli maCveneblebi

lpobis (saprobiuli)

statusi

trong>ofong>ikis statusi

fizikoqimiuri

nivTierebebi

gaTboba

marilianoba

> 30% nakadis CarCoSi > nacionaluri biologiuri xarisxis done

(aq: biologiuri xarisxis done II)

>30% nakadis CarCoSi > nacionaluri xarisxis done (aq: trong>ofong>ikis

klasi > II, Sefaseba emyareba nitratis (N > 6 mg/l) da fosfatis (P >

0,2 mg/l) koncentracias 50 %ile

aWarbebs xarisxis arsebul moTxovnebs an xarisxis kriteriumebs

evrogaerTianebis 76/464/EEC direqtivisa da codnas prioritetuli

nivTierebebis Semcvelobaze

evrogaerTianebis Tevzebis sicocxlis direqtivis mixedviT:

- maqs. wliuri temperatura: >21.5 ºC (oragulisebrTa

wylis obieqti), >28 ºC (kobrisebrTa wylis obieqti)

- maqs. zamTris temperatura >10 ºC (oragulisebrTa

wylis obieqti), >10 ºC (kobrisebrTa wylis obieqti)

- maqsimaluri dasaSvebi gaTboba: 1.5 K (oragulisebrTa

wylis obieqti), 3.0 K (kobrisebrTa wylis obieqti)

saSualo: Cl= 400 mg/l

morfologia • wylis arealis Seswavla – mimoxilvis meTodi: mdinaris

distanciis 30%-ze meti menejmentis erTeulis SigniT

mimoixileba struqturuli xarisxis klasebiT 6 an 7

nawilisaTvis “mdinaris kalapoti (rac Sedgeba Semdegi

parametrebisagan:

- daklakniloba

- napiris fiqsacia

- anTropogenuri barierebi

- wylis dinebis regulacia

- napiris mcenareuloba

• mdinaris uwyvetobis darRveva (anTropogenuri barierebi,

ukudineba) > 30% nakadis qselis

• franguli SEQ dafuZnebuli xarisxis Sefasebisadmi midgoma

safrangeTis midgoma emyareba ZiriTad koncefciebs, romelTagan yvela Seesatyviseba EEA da

Eurostat-is rekomendaciebs. es koncefciebi Semdegia:

‣ wylis xarisxis Sefasebis sqema (SEQ sistema)romelic moicavs wyals, bilogiur da

fizikur saSualebebs. igi gamoiyeneba mdinare (moZravi) wylisaTvis, damdgari,

Sualeduri da miwisqveSa wylisaTvis.

‣ procedura wylis xarisxis statistikuri gamosaxvisaTvis, danergili EEA da

EuroWaternet (evropis wylis qseli) sruli rekomendaciiT da procedura wylis xarisxis

gamoangariSebisaTvis, danergili Eurostst/UNECE zogadi meTodologiuri rekomendaciiT.

SEQ sistema axdens xarisxis Sefasebas TiToeuli monitoringis sakiTxisa gamovlenili

monacemebidan. igi moicavs sam samuSao meTods:

108


109

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

1. wylis xarisxis gamokvlevis sistema (SEQ-wyali) romelic afasebs wylis fizikurqimiur

xarisxs da romelic gamoiyeneba safrangeTSi 1999 wlidan

2. SEQ-bio, romelic afasebs nakadis biologiur xarisxs

3. SEQ-fizikuri, romelic afasebs nakadis artifikalizaciis dones

sabaziso principi romelic safuZvlad udevs SEQ midgomas, aris is, rom nebismieri wylis

obieqtis sxvadasxva gamoyeneba an funqcia SeiZleba erTi da imave saxis determinantebiT an

erTi da imave efeqtis saSualebiT Sefasdes. magaliTad, mdinare wylis xarisxis

SefasebisaTvis SEQ-wyali ganasxvavebs 15 deskriptors (sakvanZo sityvas) (“cvlilebas”),

romelTagan yoveli moicavs relevantur determinantebs.

Sefaseba tardeba zRvruli cxrilebis gamoyenebiT (ix. cxrili danarTi IV.6

magaliTisaTvis), romelic aRniSnavs klasis limits. indeqsis gamoangariSeba xdeba

algebruli funqciiT, romelic Seesatyviseba zRvrul mniSvnelobebs.

SEQ sistema gamoiTvlis indeqsebs (masStabi 0-100) wylis potenciuri biologiuri

SesaZleblobebisaTvis (rac mWidrodaa dakavSirebuli direqtivaSi aRweril ekologiuri

statusis fizikur-qimiur komponentebTan) da wylis gamoyenebis SesaZleblobis potenciur

indeqss (rogoricaa sasmeli wyali, sacurao wyali da sxv., saWiroebebis Sesabamisad).

indeqsi SeiZleba wardgenili iyos meore safexurze 5 klasad. es klasebi wardgenilia

xuTi feris saxiT (lurji, mwvane, yviTeli, narinjisferi, wiTeli). es klasebi gamosaxaven

wylis obieqtze zegavlenis erTsa da imave xarisxs. aqedan gamomdinare, klasebi SeiZleba

Sedarebuli iqnas aRwerebisa da funqciebis TvalsazrisiT, rac iZleva kompleqsuri

agregaciis meTodebis meore etapze gamoyenebis saSualebas.

109


110

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

cxrili danarTi IV.6: SEQ Sefasebis badis magaliTi, deskriptori “marilianoba”,

gamoyeneba: sasmeli wyali, saSualeba: miwisqveSa wyali (wyaro:

http://www.eaufrance.tm.fr/francais/etudes/pdf/etude80.pdf)

marilianobis da mineralizaciis cvlileba

parametrebi

erTeulebi

Ria lurji

muqi lurji

yviTeli

wiTeli

gamtarianoba

sixiste

pH

mSrali danaleqi

qloridebi

sulfatebi

kalciumi

ftoridebi

magniumi

kaliumi

natriumi

mTliani tuteoba

SEQ me-2 versia axali kompiuteruli meTodiT, male gamoqveyndeba. igi Seicavs yvela 33

prioritetul nivTierebas, romlebic gansazRvrulia direqtivis danarTSi X.

yvela detali PDF dokumentis saxiT SegiZliaT moipovoT misamarTze http://www.eaufrance.tm.fr

(am saitidan SesaZlebelia mxolod frangul enaze CamotvirTva).

danarTi V SemTxvevaTa analizi

Semdegi SemTxvevebis analizis Sejameba moyvanilia mTavari saxalmZRvanelo dokumentis me-6

TavSi.

dasaxeleba No: 1

specifiuri polutantebis SerCeva 76/464/EEC 4 sabWos direqtivis implementaciis mimdinare

samuSaos gamoyenebiT (saxifaTo nivTierebebis gamoyong>ofong>a - Discharge ong>ofong> Dangerous Substances- DSD)

4 sabWos direqtiva Tanamegobrobis wylis garemoSi CaRvrili garkveuli saSiSi nivTierebebis mier

gamowveuli dabinZurebis Sesaxeb (OJ L 129, 18/05/1976, gv. 23)

110


111

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

zegavlenis tipi:

qimikatebis gazrdili gadatana, toqsiuroba, ekotoqsiuroba, akumulacia da meoradi

mowamvla

zewolis tipi:

qimikatebis wertilovani da difuzuri wyaroebi

analizis tipi an meTodi:

wylis CarCo direqtiva moiTxovs dabinZurebis sawinaaRmdego RonisZiebebis SemuSavebas

miznebis miRwevisaTvis. erTis mxriv, prioritetuli nivTierebebi (danarTi X) regulirdeba

16 qveTavis Tanaxmad. meores mxriv, sxva specifiuri polutantebi saWiroeben

identificirebas mdinaris auzis (raionis) masStabiT (instruqciis nawili 3.5 ).

76/464/EEC sabWos direqtiva ukve flobs aseT meqanizms, rac aRwerilia me-7 TavSi, sadac

wevrma qveynebma unda warmoadginon dabinZurebis Semcirebis programebi relevanturi

polutantebisaTvis, romlebic miTiTebulia direqtivis siaSi II. e.w. “sia II-is nivTierebebi”

aseve unda amorCeuli iyon polutantebs im jgufebs Soris, romlebic arian msgavsi

CamoTvlilisa wylis CarCo direqtivisa VIII danarTSi.

rekomendebulia, rom (da garkveulwilad aucilebelicaa) 76/464/EEC am moTxovnis

saukeTeso implementacia zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa pirveli analizisaTvis wylis CarCo

direqtivis farglebSi, radgan:

droebiTi dadgenilebebi (cf.Art.22(2)-(6)), romelnic moiTxoven 76/464/EEC

implementacias, warmoadgenen moTxovnis minimums da rbili gadasvla unda iyos

uzrunvelyong>ofong>ili, radgan direqtivis moTxovnebi anulirebuli iqneba mxolod 2013

wels.

evropis samarTleblivi normebi, romlebic unda iyos daculi

eqspertiza da codna wevr qveynebSi da kendidat qveynebSi (romlebic amJamad axdenen

dabinZurebis Semcirebis programebis identificirebas, rogorc savaldebulis maTi

CarTulobisaTvis).

damatebiTi informacia 76/464/EEC Sesaxeb da wylis CarCo direqtivasTan dakavSirebiT

xelmisawvdomia (ix. literatura).

saWiro informacia da monacemebi:

gamoyenebuli midgomis mixedviT, Semdegi informacia iqneba saWiro:

sakuTari Tvisebebi (mag. fizikur-qimiuri Tvisebebi, persistentoba, (eko-toqsiuroba,

bioakumulacia);

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112

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

emisiis registrebi (mag. evropuli polutantebis emisiebis registri – European

Pollutants Emission register – EPER) 5 , 76/464 direqtivis statia 11);

marketinguli da gamoyenebuli monacemebi;

arsebuli monitoringis monacemebi (2006 wlamde);

Semowmebis, operacionaluri da gamosakvlevi monitoringis monacemebi (2006 wlis

Semdeg);

potenciuri wyaroebi da emisiis saxeebi;

gardaqmnis (fate) da qcevis modelebi.

mokle aRwera naxatebis CaTvliT

danarTSi VIII CamoTvlili polutantebis generiuli jgufi moicavs individualuri

nivTierebebis did raodenobas. wevri qveynebi Tavad adgenen “specifiuri polutantebis”

sias maTi reklevantobis Sesabamisad. Tumca, specifiuri polutantebis identificirebis

meTodologia direqtivaSi specifizebuli ar aris.

aqedan gamomdinare, rekomendebulia, rom specifiuri polutantebis identifikacia wylis

CarCo direqtivis egidiT SemdgomSi unda ganviTardes im midgomebidan, romlebic gamoiyeneba

direqtiviT 76/464/EEC da prioritetebis dadgenis procedura unda SemuSavdes

prioritetuli nivTierebebis SerCevisaTvis.

cxadia, rom 33 (jgufi) prioritetuli nivTierebebisa 6 da I siis rva nivTiereba 7 76/464/EECdan

ar aris Seyvanili wylis CarCo direqtivis danarTSi X zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa

analizisaTvis, radgan isini qmnian “qimiutr statuss”.

sxva specifiuri polutantebisaTvis, sawyisi wertili aris nivTierebebi identificirebuli

rogorc II siis nivTierebebi 76/464/EEC me-7 statiaSi. damatebiT, kandidati polutantebis

sia SeiZleba iyos SemuSavebuli, romelic iqneba amosavali wertili skriningisa da

prioritetebis dadgenis procesisaTvis, rac moicavs ramodenime nabijs.

da bolos, prioritetebis dadgenis procesma SemuSavebulma evropis doneze, e.w. ong>COMong>MPS 8

procesma, SesaZloa damatebiTi gamoyeneba hpovos specifiuri polutantebis saboloo

seleqciaSi mdinaris auzis masStabiT. ufro metic, eqspert mrCevelTa forumis mier

miRebuli gadawyvetileba prioritetul nivTierebebze, aseve SeiZleba gamosadegi iyos

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizisaTvis sxva specifiuri polutantebisaTvis.

5 komisiis gadawyvetileba 2000/479/EC17 ivlisi 2000 (OJ L 192, gv. 36)

6 gadawyvetileba 2455/2001/EC prioritetuli nivTierebebis siis dadgenaze (OJ L 331, 15 noemberi 2001,

gv.1)

7 I siis rva darCenili nivTierebaa: drinebi (aldrini, dieldrini, endrini da izodrini),

tetraqloroeTileni (PER), triqloroeTileni (RTI), karbonis tetraqloridi, DDT.

8 kombinirebuli modelze damyarebuli da monitoringze damyarebuli prioritetis dadgena

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113

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

76/464/EEC direqtivis implementaciis gamocdilebis safuZvelze , wevrma qveynebma gamoiyenes

sxvadasxvagvari midgomebi “II siis relevanturi nivTierebebis” identificirebisaTvis.

saboloo jamSi, mokled rom vTqvaT, aris ori generiuli midgoma, romelic SeiZleba

gamodges potenciurad relevanturi polutantebis identificirebisaTvis:

• zemodan-qvemoT midgoma – es midgoma iwyebs “qimikatebis samyarodan” da emyareba

yvela arsebul codnas nivTierebebis Sesaxeb im nivTierebebis skriningisaTvis,

romlebic relevanturi arian mdinaris auzSi (raionSi);

• qvemodan-zemoT midgoma – fokusirdeba im areebze, sadac arsebuli monitoringis

monacemebi (biologiuri da qimiuri) aSkarad axdenen identificirebas, rom mizani

ver miiRweva. amasTanave, specifiuri, mizanmimarTuli da droSi SezRuduli

skriningis monitoringi SeiZleba ematebodes arsebul informacias.

SemTxvevaTa umravlesobaSi wevri qveynebi iyeneben orive midgomas.

literatura

“wylis garemosaTvis prioritetuli saxifaTo nivTierebebis gansazRvris Seswavla”

evrogaerTianebis ong>ofong>icialuri publikaciebis ong>ofong>isi, 1999 (ISBN 92-828-7981-X) 9

evrokomisiis mier Semowmebuli kvlevis angariSi: sabWos 76/464/EEC direqtivis me-7 statiis

programebis Sefaseba (noemberi 2001) 10

Sejameba seminarisa “saSiSi nivTierebebis gamoyong>ofong>is direqtiva (76/464/EEC) – naswavli

gakveTilebi da gadasvla wylis CarCo direqtivaze” 1-2 ivlisi 2002 briuseli

(xelmisawvdomia moTxovnisas)

evrokomisiis mimdinare kvlevis proeqti “sabWos 76/464/EEC direqtivis droebiTi debulebebi

da direqtivebi wylis CarCo direqtivisaTvis 2000/60/EC” zemoT xsenebuli aspeqtebisaTvis

specifiur Sedegebs gamoiRebs. ufro metic, eqspert mrCevelTa forumi prioritetuli

nivTierebebis Sesaxeb Seqmnis ramodenime Sedegs, romlebic SeiZleba sasargeblo iyos sxva

specifiuri polutantebis seleqciisaTvis. es angariSi da zemoT moyvanili informacia aris

an iqneba misawvdomi DG garemos wylis veb-gverdze. www.europa.eu.int/comm/environment/water

kontaqti damatebiTi informaciisaTvis

Joachim D’Eugenio

c/o European Commission

Directorate-General Environment

9 http://europa.eu.int/comm/environment/water/water-dangersub/pri_substances.htm

10 http://europa.eu.int/comm/environment/water/water-dangersub/article7ong>ofong>directive77464eec.pdf

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114

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

Unit B.1: Water, Marine and Soil

Tel.+ 32-2-299.03.55

E-mail: joachim.d’eugenio@cec.eu.int

dasaxeleba No: 2

wylis xarisxTan dakavSirebuli gegmebi flandriaSi (belgia)

zegavlenis tipi:

wylis xarisxis statusi da cvlilebebi zedapirul wylebSi.

zewolis tipi:

wertilovani da difuzuri wyaroebi mcire meurneobebidan, industriidan da song>ofong>lis

meurneobidan (agreTve WWTP-dan).

analizis tipi an meTodi:

wertilovani wyaro - mcire meurneobebi: mosaxleTa raodenoba X dabinZurebis

faqtorze (PE).

wertilovani wyaro - industria (mxolod msxvili kompaniebi): Camonarecxis nimuSebis

Segrovebis Sedegebi.

wertilovani wyaro - song>ofong>lis meurneoba:

- mosaxleoba gaerTianebulia mcire meurneobebSi;

- cxovelebi: aRwera (cxovelebis raodenoba X eqskreciis faqtorebi).

wertilovani wyaro WWTP: Camonarecxis nimuSebis Segrovebis Sedegebi.

difuzuri wyaro - mcire meurneobebi: mosaxleTa raodenoba X dabinZurebis faqtorze

X Semcirebis faqtorze.

difuzuri wyaro - song>ofong>lis meurneoba: SENTWA-modeli (sakvebi masalebis danakargis

gaangariSeba).

gadatanis Semcireba: GWQP-masis balansi; SIMCAT-modeli (WRc - wylis xarisxis

modeli).

wylis obieqtebis statusi: biologiuri (belgiuri bioticuri indeqsi, Belgian Biotic

Index), fizikur - qimiuri (pratis indeqsi, Prati-index).

saWiro informacia da monacemebi

ZiriTadi informacia: wyalSemkrebi auzebis areebis ruka, PE-eqvivalenti, EQS,

ZiriTadi damabinZurebeli industriuli obieqtebis CamonaTvali.

sxvadasxva: mosaxleTa raodenoba, industriuli da WWTP -is Camonarecxebi, Sinauri

cxovelebis aRwera, biologiuri narCenebis transporti, mimdinare da dagegmili

sanitaruli proeqtebis aRwera, wylis xarisxis amsaxavi monacemebi, wylis dineba,

WWTP -is gadatanis da gawmendis normebi, WWTP -is naleqis warmoqmna da gawmenda,

daSvebuli industriuli datvirTvebi, sanitaruli proeqtebis xarjTaRricxva.

mokle aRweriloba naxatebis CaTvliT

114


115

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

ZiriTadi mamoZravebeli Zalebis garda midgomis arss warmoadgens DPSIR-CarCos

gamoyeneba wylis xarisxis uzrunvelyong>ofong>isTvis. wyalSemkrebi auzebis doneze

ganxorcielda zewolebis (Camonarecxi da Semavali nakadebi) da wylis obieqtebSi

wylis xarisxze maTi gavlenis Sefaseba mcire meurneobebis, industriis, song>ofong>lis

meurneobis da WWTP -is wertilovani da difuzuri dabinZurebis wyaroebis

arsebobis gaTvaliswinebiT. aRwerili iqna wylis obieqtebSi wylis xarisxis

mimdinare statusi da evoluciis procesi ukanaskneli aTwleulis ganmavlobaSi.

zewolis (Camonarecxi da Semavali nakadebi) da statusis doneze rigi fizikuri da

qimiuri damabinZurebeli faqtorebis (Q, BOD, COD, N, P, SM, O 2 da a.S.) (da zog

SemTxvevaSi agreTve mZime metalebis) arseboba daeqvemdebara Setyobinebas da

arsebuli datvirTvebis gaangariSebas. CamoTvlilTagan 3 parametrisTvis (COD,

azoti, fosfori) dabinZurebis gadatanis gaangariSebas Sedegad mohyva ‘gadatanis

balansebis’ Camoyalibeba. aRniSnuli SesaZlebels xdis (Camonarecxi da Semavali

nakadebis doneze) gadatanis Semcirebis gaangariSebas garemos dacvis standartebTan

(EQS) SesabamisobaSi mosayvanad (ix. naxati).

aRweril iqna strategiis gatarebis instrumentebi, rasac Sedegad mohyva mTeli rigi

sazomebis SemuSaveba, romelTa gamoyenebac SesaZlebelia dagegmarebisa da

xarjTaRricxvis analizisTvis (ix. naxati). ganxorcielda dagegmarebis analizis

pirveli mcdeloba da gegmebis gansazRvra mcire meurneobebisTvis, industriisaTvis

da song>ofong>lis meurneobisTvis. aRniSnuli miznis misaRwevad sazomebi aucileblad unda

iqnan gansazRvrulni raodenobrivad. mocemuli amocanis Sedegebi gamoavlenen,

ramdenadaa wardgenili sazomebi sakmarisi momavalSi EQS -is misaRwevad.

gamosavali Caeyara safuZvlad 2 tipis angariSis Seqmnas. Semajamebeli angariSi,

romelSic xazgasmulia gadatanis balansebi (da kerZod gadatanis Semcireba) da

gavrcobili mecnierul-teqnikuri dokumenti, romelSic moyvanilia wylis xarisxTan

dakavSirebuli yvela aspeqtis aRweriloba. aRniSnuli mecnierul-teqnikuri

dokumenti Seicavs instruqcias, romelSic aRwerilia CarCo da yvela gamoyenebuli

wyaro da meTodi, da agreTve yvela ZiriTadi informaciis, Sedegebis da daskvnebis

amsaxvel angariSs. danarTSi damatebulia cxrilebisa da naxatebis CamonaTvali.

aRwerili meTodi aris/iqneba gamoyenebuli daaxloebiT 260 nakaduri wyalSemkrebi

auzisTvis (hidrografiuli zonebisTvis) flandriis 11 regionaluri mdinaris

wyalSemkrebi auzis farglebSi. 34 cxrilSi moyvanili monacemebi warmoadgenen

yovlismomcvel informacias narCeni wylebis nimuSebis Segrovebis/monitorinis da

wylis xarisxis, gadatanebisa da gadatanis Semcirebis Sesaxeb, agreTve wyalSemkrebi

auzebis, WWTP -is infrastruqturis funqcionirebis aRwerilobas da wylis

moxmarebas da a. S. samizne jgufebTan kavSirSi.

mniSvnelovania da Rirebuli kerZod Semdegi:

• wylis xarisxis yvela aspeqtTan dakavSirebuli CarCo (ix. naxati blok-sqemis

saxiT). mocemuli CarCo dinamiuria, radgan iZleva gafarToebis saSualebas axali

Temebis CarTvis xarjze, mag. xarjT-efeqturobis analizi;

115


116

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

• zewolis indikatorebis (Sefardebebis) gamoyeneba, rac iZleva Sedegebis

Sedarebis saSualebas - erTis mxriv - dabinZurebis wyaroebidan Camonarecxi,

Semavali nakadebis doneze da sanitaruli RonisZiebebis dasrulebis Semdeg, da -

meores mxriv - dabinZurebis wyaroebs Soris (mcire meurneobebi, mrewveloba,

song>ofong>lis meurneeoba) dafaruli zedapiris sididis miuxedavad;

• informaciis xelmisawvdomoba wyalSemkrebi auzis doneze, raTa iqnas dajamebuli

nebismier ufro maral hidrografiul doneze (mag. mdinaris auzis doneze);

• gadatanis Semcirebis gaangariSeba (ix. suraTi: Semavali nakadis Semcireba),

romelic testirebulia sxvasxva EQS -sTan SesabamisobaSi. hidrografiuli

zonebi SesaZloa iqnan dajgufebuli Semcirebis prioritetebis mixedviT,

romelnic testirebulia COD, N da P- ze sxvadasxva kanonqvemdebare an

ekologiuri EQS -is mixedviT. magaliTi: testirebuli P -is 0.3 mg/l EQS -is

mixedviT, gadatanis Semcireba mdinare netes auzSi unda aRwevdes 85% -s an 1.924

kg/d -s; mcire meurneobebis wvlili aqedan Seadgens daaxlovebiT 25% -s an 481

kg/d -s; Semcireba specifiurad maRalia (>75% -ze) 10 hidrografiul zonaSi.

abreviaturebi: COD: Jangbadis qimiuri moTxovnileba, EQS: garemos dacvis xarisxis

standarti, GWQP: wylis xarisxis (generaluri) gegma, N: azoti, P: fosfori, PE:

mosaxleobis eqvivalenti, WWTP: narCeni wylebis gamwmendi sadguri.

naxati

116


117

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

maCveneblebi. scenaris analizi. gamoyong>ofong>a (emisia). Cadineba (imisia). saSinao meurneoba.

industria. difuzuri. sanitaruli infrastruqtura. begara. fasebi. wylis dineba. wylis

sveti. wylis baliSi. Sewonili myari nawilakebi. biota. biologiuri. fizikur-qimiuri.

baqteriologiuri. zegavlenis Sefaseba. standartuli Casvla. gazomili Casvla. Casvlis

Semcireba. zedapiruli wylis xarisxis statusi. gamoyong>ofong>is (emisiis) Semcireba. Cadinebis

(emisiis) Semcireba.

literatura

VMM, 2001 General Water Quality Plan Nete - wylis xarisxis generaluri gegma. nete. 61 gv.

(Semajamebeli aRwera inglisur enaze) /VMM, 2000. Plan General de la qualite de l’eau de l’Yser. 66 gv

(Semajamebeli aRwera frangul enaze)/(ufro detaluri versiebi GMQP aris CD-romze

mxolod holandiur enaze).

wylia xarisxis gegmebi flandriaSi (belgia) – midgoma da gamocdileba. Note. 25gv. (aris

CIRCA_ze)

kontaqti Semdgomi informaciisaTvis

Rudy VANNEVEL

Vlaamse Milieumaatscappij (VMM)/Flemish Environment Agency,

A.Van De Maelestraat 96,

B-9320 EREMBODEGEM,BELGIUM

Tel ++ 32 53 726 626/Fax ++ 32 53 726 630/ E-mail r.vaannevel@vmm.be

dasaxeleba No: 3

wylis integrirebuli emisiebis reestri (ECT-water) (safrangeTi)

zegavlenis tipi:

polutantebis gazrdili gadatana, daWaobeba (eutrong>ofong>ikacia)

zewolis tipi:

organuli nivTierebebis - fosforis da azotis wertilovani da difuzuri wyaroebi

sacxovrebeli saxlebidan, industriasa da miwaTmoqmedebidan.

analizis tipi an meTodi:

emisiebis kalkulaciisaTvis ukve arsebuli nacionaluri da saerTaSoriso statistikuri

wyaroebis gamoyeneba da organizeba.

saWiro informacia da monacemebi:

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118

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

NB: yvela monacemi SeiZleba ganxiluli iyos regionisa da drois gaTvaliswibeniT da

morgebuli iyos nebismieri aqtualori wyaros an wyaros tipze (wertilovani/difuzuri)

wertilovani wyaro – sacxovrebeli saxlebi: mosaxleebis ricxvi X damabinZurebel

faqtorze (PE)

wertilovani wyaros WWTP: gamoyong>ofong>is nimuSebis Sefasebis Sedegebi.

wertilovani wyaro – industria ((mxolod kompaniebi >400 fiskalur PE) : damabinZurebeli

faqtorebiT datvirTva da gamoyong>ofong>is nimuSebis Sedegebi.

wertilovani wyaro – miwaTmoqmedeba (song>ofong>lis meurneoba): cxovelebi: reestrebi (cxovelebis

raodenoba X eqskreciis faqtorebze), yovel saxeobaze, regionze.

difuzuri wyaro -sacxovrebeli saxlebi: mosaxleT raodenoba X dabinZurebis faqtorze X

reduqciis faqtorze, SeuRwevadi urbanuli teritoriebi.

difuzuri wyaro – industria: SeuRwevadi industriuli teritoriebi.

difuzuri wyaro – song>ofong>lis meurneoba: sasuqebis gamoyeneba; sakvebi nivTierebebis danakargis

kalkulaciis modeli.

mokle aRwera naxatebis CaTvliT

meTodologia

naxati 1: sabaziso moduli

sawyisi komponenti/produqcia

modulis sakani

gawmenda

transferi

gamoyong>ofong>a

118


119

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

naxati 2: modulebis erTi SesaZlo kombinacia

stadia 1 stadia 1

stadia 2 stadia 2

stadia 3 stadia 3

kalkulaciis sistematizaciisaTvis yvela emisia iTvleba rogorc elementaruli modulebis

qseli (nax.1)

moduli iRebs an gamoimuSavebs dabinZurebis garkveul odenobas, mis nawils wmindavs,

gamoyong>ofong>s meore nawils da gadaaqvs darCenili raodenoba modulis nakadSi (nax.2)

es sqematizeba saSualebas iZleva nebismieri tipis agregaciis da sabolo Sedegebis

prezentaciisa (mag: industriuli Camdinare wylebis gawmenda sayong>ofong>acxovrebo gamwmend

danadgarebSi).

sainformacio sistemis organizaciis mixedviT, yovel qveyanas aqvs Tavisi sakuTari

procedurebi, sxvadasxva monacenmebi da informacia. es SeiZleba aseve iyos nacionalur da

regionalur doneebzec. am siZneleebis gadasalaxad, meTodologia romelic SemuSavebulia

safrangeTSi Lorie Bretagne Basin mier, gvTavazobs arsebuli yvelaze detalizebuli,

savaraudod saukeTeso monacemebis gamoyenebas, xolo iq, sadac monacemebi ar arsebobs

koeficientebis gamoyenebas. amis mTavari upiratesoba mdgomareobs arsebuli sainformacio

sistemis mkafio mimoxilvis qonaSi. aRwera SeiZleba dasruldes da gaumjobesebuli iqnas

rodesac monacemebi gaCndeba an am monacemebis xarisxi gaumjobesdeba, magram igi iZleva

informacias maSinac ki Tu monacemebi daumuSavebelia da ar aris warmodgenili Sesaferisi

formiT.

es, rasakvirvelia, saWiroebs eqspertTa Sefasebas da aseve kalkulaciis safexurebis

mkafio warmodgenas. miuxedavad amisa, is iZleva sSualebas sxvadasxva organizaciebidan

momavali informaciis da monacemebis gamoyenebisa. es - saukeTeso arsebuli informaciisa

da arsebuli monacemebis gamoyeneba - aris aseve ekonomikurad saimedo.

meTodologiis meore ZiriTadi idea aris is, rom emisiis gansxvavebuli tipebi SeiZleba

aRwerili iyos erTi da imave konceptualuri modeliT. emisiis nebismieri procesi

gaanalizdeba rogorc modulebis an safexurebis kombinacia, da amiT iqmneba saSualeba

martivi monacemebis damuSavebis da mravalmiznobrivi reportirebisa.

gamoyeneba

119


120

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

am meTodologiis gamoyenebiT proeqti gamoyenebuli iqna e.w. “lorie-bretanis wylis

saagentos” - “Lorie-Bretagne Water Agency” –saTvis, romlis geografiuli erTeuli, drois

erTeuli, wyaroebi da nivTierebebi Semdegia.

teritoria, romelsac moicavs “lorie-bretanis wylis saagento” gadaWimulia 156,217 km².

wyalSemkrebi teritoriis TvalsazrisiT igi dayong>ofong>ilia 16 wyalSemkreb auzad: 12 mdinare

loriesaTvis, 3 bretanisaTvis da 1 vendesaTvis.

administraciuli TvalsazrisiT igi moicavs 10 regions (NUTS2) da 31 departaments (NUTS3),

romlebic mxolod nawilobriv arian CarTulebi wylis saagentos teritoriaSi. 7281

municipaluri erTeuli mTlianad aris CarTuli zemoxsenebul teritoriaSi da monacemebi

gaTvaliswinebulia am TvalsazrisiT.

song>ofong>lis meurneoba aris erT-erTi mTavari aqtivoba: safrangeTis mecxoveleobis obieqtebis

2/3 aris ganlagebuli am teritoriaze, iseve rogorc 2/3 sayasbo da xorcis gadamuSavebis

aqtivobebisa. rZis da rZis produqtebis nacionaluri warmoebis naxevari aseve modis am

teritoriidan.

wyalTan dakavSirebuli gazomvebi safrangeTSi emyareba maqsimaluri aqtivobis TveSi

saSualo maCvenebels da mocemulia erTeulSi tona/dReSi. miuxedavad amisa, zogierTi

statistikuri monacemi qveyndeba mxolod wliurad, kalendaruli weliwadis safuZvelze da

monacemebi ganixileba am doneze.

meTodilogias gaaCnia ambicia unikaluri sistemis Seqmnisa yvela wyaros gadafarviT. am

miznisaTvis Ifen-ma gadawyvita Seagrovos monacemebi im emisiebze, romlebic Sida wylebs

swrafad aRwevs. identificirebuli wyaroebi iyo sasong>ofong>losameurneo, industriuli da

sayong>ofong>acxovrebo.

sami nivTiereba, romelic Seswavlil iqna aris organuli nivTierebebi, da sakvebi

nivTierebebi (sasuqi) Ffosfori da azoti. gamoyenebul masalas aqvs sxvadasxva wyaroebi,

ZiriTadi kriteriumi aris potenciuri arseboba mTeli qveynis teritoriaze imave

organizaciiT.

meTodologiis mTavari interesia yvela ZiriTadi wyaros gaTvaliswineba da amasTan

dakavSirebuli yvela arsebuli monacemi. igi axdens mTeli arsebuli monacemebis

integrirebas da imis Sefasebas, Tu ra wvlili Seaqvs ToToeul wyaros saerTo

dabinZurebaSi. advili aris erTi hipoTezis an monacemTa nakrebis Secvla meoreTi da

Sedegebis xelaxali daTvla. garda amisa unda aRiniSnos, rom yvela hipoTeza da

kalkulacia aris transparentuli da SeiZleba adaptirebuli iyos specifiuri

kondiciisadmi an kalculaciis erTi specifiuri modelisadmi.

zogierTi Sedegi

naxatebze 3 da 4 asaxulia Sedegebi administraciul doneze, anu “departamentebSi”

(vardisferi xazebi da TiTo grafiki TiToeulisaTvis). am regionebis

administratorebisaTvis mniSvnelovania imis codna, Tu rogoria emisiebis proporcia an

120


121

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

daumuSavebeli dabinZureba wyaroebs Soris, ra aris TiToeuli nivTierebis ZiriTadi

wyaro. am magaliTSi organuli nivTierebebis mTavari wyaro aris sayong>ofong>acxovrebo.

Sefasebuli raodenobebis gaTvaliswinebiT, didi sxvaobaa daumuSavebel da globalur

dabinZurebas Soris: polutantis gadatanis procesSi misi wyarodan wylis im obieqtamde

sadac igi sabolood gamoiyong>ofong>a, mravali procesi mimdinareobs. midgomis moqniloba iZleva

saSualebas Sedegebis gamoyenebisa sxvadasxva adminstraciul doneze, rogoricaa regioni an

“departamenti”. es aseve SesaZlebelia hidrografiul doneze: lorie- bretanis wylis

saagentos 16 wyalSemkrebi auzi.

da bolos, aseve SesaZlebelia sxvadasxva wyaroebis agregacia an fokusireba mxolod erT

wyaroze da misi Sedareba zonebs Soris, wylebSi gamoyong>ofong>ili raodenobebis TvalsazrisiT.

am modelis erTaderTi SezRudva aris monacemTa originaluri masStabebi: Tu origilaluri

monacemebi arsebobs regionebis doneze, ar aris SesaZlebloba Sedegebis reprezentaciisa

ufro mcire geogrefiul masStabze, rogoricaa “komunis” done. aqedan gamomdinare, Zlier

mniSvnelovania disagregirebuli (gancalkevebuli) monacemebis gamoyeneba raTa maqsimaluri

moqniloba iqnas miRweuli.

naxati 3: organuli daumuSavebeli masalebiT dabinZurebis proporciuli ganawileba

departamentebs Soris (BOD5 erTeulia kg/dReSi)

song>ofong>lis meurneoba

arawertilovani urbanuli

arawertilovani industriuli

mosaxleobis dabali simWidrove

sayong>ofong>acxovrebo

121


122

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

aqtiuri industriuli adgilebi

100 000

50 000 10 000

naxati 4. organuli masalebiT globaluri dabinZurebis proporciuli ganawileba

departamentebs Soris (BOD5 erTeulia kg/dReSi)

song>ofong>lis meurneoba

arawertilovani urbanuli

arawertilovani industriuli

mosaxleobis dabali simWidrove

sayong>ofong>acxovrebo

aqtiuri industriuli adgilebi

50 000

25 000

5 000

literatura.

Fribourg-Blanc B. 2002 EUROWATERNET –emisiebi. wyalSi emisiebis evropuli reestri:

SeTavazebuli operirebis meTodologia, drafti 4, winaswari, medmenhami, Sida wylebis

evropuli topikuri centri, gv. 65. inglisis detaluri Sedegebi aris CD-romze (frangulad).

mimarTeT filip kruzes.

122


123

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

kontaqti damatebiTi informaciisaTvis

Philippe Crouzet

Institut Francais de l’Environnement

61,boulevard Alexandre Martin

Fn 45058 Orleans Cedex1 France

Tel: ++ 33 238 79 78 78/ Fax ++ 33 238 79 78 70/ E-mail: philippe.crouzet@ifen.fr

dasaxeleba

No:4

wylis gamoyenebis sistemis kartografiuli modeli

zewolis tipi: wylis abstraqcia

analizis tipi an meTodi: wylis balansis aRweris meTodebi (“xarjvisa da wylis

menejmentis indeqsebi”)

saWiro informacia da monacemebi: wylis bunebrivi resursebis, wylis moTxovnilebis

(urbanuli, industriuli, sasong>ofong>losameurneo), wylis gamtknarebis procesebis damatebiTi

wylis da auzisSida wylis transferebis rukebi.

mokle aRwera naxatebis CaTvliT.

am praqtikis mizania moaxdinos Sefaseba sivrceSi ganawilebis zewolis gavlenisa wylis

moTxovilebasa da wylis resursebze.

gavrcobili modeli Tvlis wylis ukmarisobis risks wylis bunebrivi resursebis da wylis

moTxovnilebebis informaciis safuZvelze. naxati 1 gviCvenebs modelis mier

ganxorcielebul proceduras TiToeuli seqtorisaTvis. modelSi gamoyenebuli

koordinatebis badis seqtoris farTi aris 1 km², rac mTlianad espaneTisaTvis iZleva

500 000 seqtors.

arsebuli potenciuri wylis resursebi (zedapiruli da miwisqveSa wylebi) ganisazRvreba

bunebrivi wyaroebidan (ganaxlebadi resursebi generirebuli espaneTSi), romlebic arian

wylis bunebrivi resursebis nawili, rac warmoadgens potenciurad totalur arsebul

wyals.

gansxvaveba totalur wylis resursebsa da potenciur wylis resursebs Soris gamoxatavs

garemos saWiroebebs. es resursebi ver uzrunvelyong>ofong>en sistemis produqtiulobis miznebs.

mxolod wylis resursebis danarCeni nawili (wylis potenciuri resursebi) SeiZleba iyos

123


124

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

gamoyenebuli sistemaSi da, Sesabamisad, mxolod isini arian CarTulni wylis balansSi

(wylis resursebsa da moTxovnilebebs Soris).

damatebiTi wyali gamtknarebis procesidan (naxati 2) unda daematos wylis potenciur

resursebs.

meore gasaTvaliswinebeli faqtoria aris Tu ara amJamad wylis transferebi moqmedebaSi.

wylis es transferebi ar zrdian wylis potenciur resursebs nacionalur doneze, magram

isini cvlian maT gavrcelebas (ganawilebas) (naxati 3).

totaluri moTxovnileba (wylis abstraqcia) aris jami urbanuli, industriuli da song>ofong>lis

meurneobis moTxovnilebebisa. MmxedvelobaSi unda iyos miRebuli wylis brunva, rodesac

wyali ubrundeba ukan bunebriv wylis sistemas da SeiZleba moxmarebuli iyos auzSi

dinebis mimarTulebiT ufro qveviT. am mizezis gamo saWiroa gancalkevebuli iqnas wylis

gamoyenebis konsumpciuri (moxmarebadi) da arakonsumpciuri (aramoxmarebadi) fraqciebi. am

gziT konsumpciuri da arakonsumpciuri wylis moTxovnileba wylis TiToeuli

gamoyenebisaTvis SeiZleba iyos daTvlili. am ori fraqciis jami qmnis totalur

moTxovnilebas (naxati 4).

koordinatTa badis TiToeuli seqtorisaTvis wylis balansi gamoiangariSeba wylis

potenciur resursebsa da totalur konsumpciur wylis moTxovnilebas Soris. es balansi

saSualebas iZleva wylis deficitis sivrceSi ganawilebis da wylis siWarbis rukebis

Sedgenisa (naxati 5 da naxati 6). es rukebi mxolod sailustracio xasiaTisaa, radgan

warmoadgenen problemisadmi mxolod pirvel midgomas. rogorc cnobilia, wylis moxmareba

ar xdeba calkeul seqtorSi izolirebulad.

aqedan gamomdinare, sivrciTi agregacia, rac damyarebulia wylis menejmentis erTeulebze,

romlebic gamoyong>ofong>ilia auzis wylis gegmebSi, saWiroa. es saSualebas iZleva, rom wylis

deficiti da wylis siWarbe identificirebuli iqnas menejmentis sxvadasxva erTeulebSi,

romlebsac moicavs TiToeuli auzi (naxati 7 da naxati 8). TiToeuli auzis koordinatTa

badis yvela seqciis agregacia asaxavs totalur balanss am auzSi (naxati 9 da naxati 10).

zemoT aRwerili procesebi uSvebs, rom sistemaSi generirebuli yvela potenciuri wylis

resursi da SesaZlo damatebiTi wyali gamtknarebis da/an wylis transferebis Sedegad,

srulad gamoiyeneba sistemaSi.

wina mtkiceba aseve uSvebs imas, rom yvela wylis resursebis gamoyenebisaTvis aucilebeli

infrastruqtura arsebobs da rom wyali TiToeuli gamoyenebisaTvis saWiro xarisxisaa.

Sesabamisad, wyliT momaragebis limitireba ganpirobebuli SeiZleba iyos mxolod arsebuli

wylis resursebis limitaciiT.

124


125

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

iTvleba, rom sistema deficituria, Tu igi ver akmayong>ofong>ilebs konsumpciuri moxmarebis

moTxovnilebas miuxedavad imisa, rom mas aqvs saWiro infrastruqtura da wylis

moTxovnili xarisxi. meores mxriv, siWarbis mqone sistema ar niSnavs, rom mas ara aqvs

wyliT momaragebis problemebi. es SeiZleba xdebodes Tu aucilebeli infrastruqtura ar

aris saTanado an ar aris miRweuli wylis moTxovnili xarisxi.

konsumpciuri moTxovnilebebisaTvis saWiro wylis dabalansebisaTvis, iTvleba, rom

SesaZleblobis maqsimumi aris wylis xelaxali gamoyeneba sistemaSi.

es deficiti da siWarbe sxvadasxva donisaa da aseve damokidebulia sistemebis zomaze.

wylis menejmentis indeqsisa da wylis konsumfciis indeqsis mkafio ilustrirebisaTvis

(Introduction a l’economie generale de leau Ehrard-Cassegrain and Margat, 1983), gamoiyeneboda wylis kargvis

riskis rukebi (naxati 11 da naxati 12).

wylis menejmentis indeqsi aris Sedegi wylis totaluri moTxovnilebis da potenciuri

wylis resursebis gancalkevebisa. unda aRiniSnos, rom wylis menejmentis indeqsi “1”-Tan

miaxloebuli an misi toli, SeiZleba zogierT SemTxvevaSi ar niSnavdes wylis kargvas. es

imitom xdeba, rom wylis abstraqcia ar aris koncentrirebuli specifiur adgilze, wylis

nawili SesaZloa dinebis mimarTulebiT auzis qveda nawilebs daubrundes.

wylis konsumpciis indeqsi miiReba konsumpciuri moTxovnilebis da wylis potenciuri

resursebis gancalkevebiT. Tanafardoba aseve SeiZleba kargvis riskis indikatorad

gamodges. 0,5-ze meti maCvenebeli SesaZloa niSnavdes “SesaZlebel” (aramudmiv) kargvas,

meores mxriv Tu maCvenebeli 1-s uaxlovdeba, es SeiZleba niSnavdes, rom kargva aris

“struqturuli”. wylis konsumfciis indeqsis dabali maCvenebeli niSnavs, rom wylis

resursebi Zalian mcired gamoiyeneba.

deficituri sistemisaTvis damaxasiaTebelia struqturuli tipis wylis kargva. aseT

sistemaSi wylis potenciuri resursi sistematurad ufro dabalia, vidre wylis

konsumfciis done, romlis miRwevasac igi cdilobs.

aris rigi sistemebisa romlebsac aqvT wylis siWarbe, magram aseve wylis SesaZlebeli

(aramudmivi) kargvis riski. amis mizezia is, rom maTi wylis konsumfciis doneebi SedarebiT

daaxlovebulia wylis potenciur resursebTan. aseT sistemebSi ramodenime Tanmimdevrulma

mSralma weliwadma SeiZleba Seqmnas wyliT momaragebis problemebi am wlebSi wylis

resursebis naklebobis gamo.

125


126

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

naxati

sivrceSi agregacia

RNA bunebrivi resursebi

DUR urbanuli moTxovnileba

DIN industriuli moTxovnileba

DAG sasong>ofong>losameurneo moTxovnileba

RAM garemos saWiroebebi

RPT potenciuri resursebi

RDS gamtknarebuli (desalinirebuli) wyali

RTV gadatanili (transferuli) wyali

DCO konsumfciuri moTxovnil;eba

DNC arakonsumfciuri moTxovnileba

DTO totaluri moTxovnileba

BAL balansi

DEF deficiti

SUP siWarbe

ICO konsumfciis indeqsi

IEX menejmentis indeqsi

RES kargvis riski

(A)damatebuli

naxati 1. wylis bunebrivi resursebi (mm/w)

naxati 2. gamtknarebuli wyali (mm³/w)

126


127

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

naxati 3. transferuli wyali (mm³/w)

naxati. 4 totaluri moTxovnilba (mm/w)

naxati 5. deficitis sivrceSi ganawileba (mm/w)

naxati 6. siWarbis sivrceSi ganawileba (mm/w)

naxati 7. deficitis agregacia wylis menejmentis erTeulebSi (mm³/w)

naxati 8. siWarbis agregacia wylis menejmentis erTeulebSi (mm³/w)

naxati 9. deficitis agregacia auzebSi (mm³/w)

naxati 10. siWarbis agregacia auzebSi (mm³/w)

naxati 11. wylis kargvis riski wylis menejmentis erTeulebSi

naxati 12. wylis kargvis riski auzebSi

literatura

MIMAM (2000), Libro Blanco des Agua an Espana (garemos saministro (2000), espaneTis wylis TeTri

wigni) ena: espanuri

kontaqti damatebiTi informaciisaTvis

Alejandra Piung. Ministerie de Medio Ambiente

127


128

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

Tel: +34915975695 Fax: +3495975947 e-mail: apuig@sgtcca.mma.es

Joaquin Rodriguez. CEDEX- Ministerio de Fomento

Tel: +34913357972 Fax: +34913357922. e-mail: joaquin.rodriguez@cedex.es

dasaxeleba

No:5

difuzuri dabinZurebis SemTxvevis Seswavla: mdinare guadianas wyalSemkrebi auzi

(portugalia)

zegavlenis tipi: sakvebi nivTierebebis gazrdili gadatana, ramac SeiZleba gamoiwvios

eutrong>ofong>ikaciuli (daWaobebis) problemebi

zewolis tipi: fosforis da azotis difuzuri wyaroebi miwis gamoyenebis Sedegad

analizis tipi an meTodi: martivi meTodologia SemuSavebuli iqna koordinatebis badeze

dafuZnebuli wylis raodebnobisa da xarisxis modelze, saSualo wliuri

maCveneblebisaTvis. Ggeografiuli sainformacio sistema (GIS) mniSvnelovani meTodia,

romelic saSualebas iZleva wyalSemkrebi auzis sivrcobrivi variabelobis daxasiaTebisa

sivrciTi analizis meTodis gamoyenebiT.

saWiro informacia da monacemebi: wyalSemkrebi auzis fizikuri maxasiaTeblebi, miwis

gamoyeneba da topografia, hidrologiuri maxasiaTeblebi, precipitacia/zedapiruli

Cadineba, sakvebi nivTierebebis gamovlenis maCveneblebiT.

mokle aRwera naxatebis CaTvliT

meTodologia

pirveli nabiji aris saSualo wliuri zedapiruli Cadinebis koordinatTa bade gavrcobili

hidrologiuri modelis safuZvelze. am samuSaoSi gamoyenebuli meTodologia aRwerilia

GOMES-Si (1997), romelic damyarebulia temzis agregaciul modelze, romelic seqtorseqtor

dainerga A.M.L. ena Arc/Info-Grid. am modelis formulebi, romlebic marTaven

evapotranspiracias (jamur aorTqlebas), wylis Sekavebas niadagSi, infiltraciis da

Cadinebis procesebs, gamoyenebuli iqna TiToeuli seqtorisaTvis. es modeli iyenebs

precipitacias (mm) da potenciur evapotranspiracias (mm) rogorc Sesayvan cvlads, da aqvs

sami parametri. dinebis parametri, niadagSi wylis maqsimaluri Sekaveba (mm) da maqsimaluri

infiltraciis xarisxi (mm).

zedapiruli Cadineba (mm/weliwadSi) = f (precipitacia, evapotranspiracia, parametrebi)

128


129

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

polutantis gadatana saWiroebs dadgenas calkeul seqtorSi raTa moxdes mdinaris

sistemaSi polutantis gadatanis gamoTvla. wyalSemkrebi auzis maxasiaTeblebis, kerZod

miwis gamoyenebisa da geologiis, gavrcobili rukebis kombinacia eqsportirebis

koeficientTan, iZleva saSualebas wylis dinebis zolamde miRweuli sakvebi nivTierebebis

Semadgenlobis gansazRvrisa (cxrili 1).

cxrili 1. fosforis Ep da azotis EN eqsportis maCveneblebi (mg m-² weliwadSi-¹) (Jorgensen

1980)

miwis gamoyeneba Ep EN

geologiuri klasifikacia geologiuri klasifikacia

vulkanuri danaleqi vulkanuri danaleqi

tye

farglebi 0.7-9.0 7.0-18.0 130-300 150-500

saSualo 4.7 11.7 200 340

tye+saZovari

farglebi 6.0-16.0 11.0-37.0 200-600 300-800

saSualo 10.2 23.3 400 600

sasong>ofong>losameurneo adgilebi

citrusi 18.0 2240

saZovari 15.0-75.0 100-850

saxnav-saTesi miwa 22.0-100.0 500-1200

nutrientebis (sakvebi nivTierebebis) koeficientebis dakavSireba miwis gamoyenebis

poligonur zonasTan konvertirdeba koordinatTa badeSi seqtorebis imave zomiT, rogorc

zedapiruli Cadinebis rukaSi: es iqneba gadatanis ruka. GIS sivrciTi meTodebis gamoyeneba

saSualebas iZleva gavrcobili zedapiruli Cadinebis rukis da wyalSemkrebi auzis

teritoriis digitaluri modelis (DTM) integraciisa, dinebis zolebSi akumulirebuli

nakadis misaRebad. igive Sesworeba aris Setanili fosforis gatanis rukaSi. Sedegad

miiReba dinebis nakadebSi fosforis wliuri koncentracia.

koncentracia (mg/l)= gadatana(mg/weliwadSi)/ nakadi (dm³/weliwadSi)

koncentraciis maCveneblebis gamoTvlis Semdeg SesaZlebelia maTi Sedareba nutrientebis

monacemebTan, rac izomeba wylis xarisxis nimuSebis Seswavlis sadgurebSi, am

meTodologiis validaciisaTvis. miuxedavad amisa, TiToeul sadgurSi gazomili

129


130

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

nutrientebi asaxaven totalur dabinZurebas dinebis nakadebSi, rogorc wertilovans iseve

arawertilovans.

gamoyeneba

meTodologia gamoyenebuli iyo mdinare guadianaze da mxolod fosforisaTvis, radgan igi

aris SemzRucavi faqtori romelic gansazRvravs eutrong>ofong>ikacias. am mdinaris auzi

internacionaluria da moicavs 66 860 km² da saTaveebi aqvs espaneTSi; am teritoriis mxolod

11 600 km² aris Cveni nacionaluri auzi.

am mdinares aqvs mniSvnelovani roli samxreT portugaliaSi, sadac problemas warmoadgens

gvalva. sasong>ofong>losameurneo aqtivobas da saZovrebze arsebul cxovelebs Zlieri zegavlena

aqvT am auzze, rogorc arawertilovani dabinZurebis wyaroebs, rac iwvevs nutrientebis

didi raodenobiT eqsportirebas (gadasvlas) wyalsa da niadagSi.

naxati 1- meTodologiis gamoyeneba mdinare guadianaze (portugaliuri auzi)

wylis raodenoba

hidrologiuri modeli

gavrcobili zedapiruli Cadineba

precipitacia

potenciuri evapotranspiracia

wylis xarisxi

miwis gadafarva eqsporti+fosforis koeficienti

fosforis gadatanis ruka

MDT

nakadis akumulacia

fosforis akumulacia

130


131

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

fosforis koncentracia dinebis nakadebSi

Sedegebi

Cadinebis rukis modelirebisaTvis aucilebelia naleqebis gadanawilebis da potenciuri

jamuri aorTqlebis rukebis qona. Cadinebis gaadanwilebis rukebis da fosforiT

datvirTvis gamoTvlis Semdeg (nax. 2) aucilebelia es ori cvladi gavaerTianoT dinebis

xazebSi. jamuri dineba da fosforiT jamuri datvirTva dinebis xazebSi gamoiTvleba

dinebaTa mimarTulebebis rukis mixedviT, adgilis cifruli modelis DTM Sesabamisad,

romelic gviCvenebs mimarTulebas TiToeul ubanSi, rasac Cadineba gaivlis dinebis xazis

miRwevis procesSi. koncentraciis sidideebi gamoiTvleba fosforis mg/litrebSi

datvirTvis sidideebis gayong>ofong>iT dinebis sidideebze.

naxati 2-zegavlenis gavrcobili rukebi fosforis koncentraciis dasaTvlelad

gavrcobili zedapiruli Cadineba mdinare guadianas auzSi

gavrcobili fosforis gadatana mdinare guadianas auzSi

wliuri zedapiruli Cadineba

fosforis gadatana

fosforis mosalodneli maCveneblebisa da gamovlenili maCveneblebis Sedareba keTdeboda

wylis nimuSebis xarisxis Semowmebis sadgurebSi mdinareebze (naxati 3). es naxati aseve

asaxavs dabinZurebas mTavari industriuli da sayong>ofong>acxovrebo wertilovani wyaroebidan.

isini gafantulia mTeli auzis farTobze, ufro meti koncentrirebiT CrdiloeT nawilSi.

am ori maCveneblis (gamovlenili da mosalodneli) Sedarebisas ar unda daviviwyoT, rom

mosalodneli maCvenebeli iTvaliswinebs mxolod difuzur dabinZurebas, gamowveuls miwis

moxmarebiT. masSi ar igulisxmeba saZovrebze arsebuli cxovelebis zegavlena da

wertilovani wyaroebidan dabinZureba saWiro imisaTvis, rom mdinareebSi fosforis

totaluri koncentracia ganisazRvros.

131


132

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

naxati 3- gamovlenili maCveneblebis Sedareba wylis xarisxis sadgurebze gansazRvrul

mosalodnelTan

Azena dos

gamovlenili mosalodneli

0.19 mg/l 0.11 mg/l

Azena dos Quilos

gamovlenili mosalodneli

0.40 mg/l 0.26 mg/l

Rocha da Gale

gamovlenili mosalodneli

0.16 mg/d 0.12 mg/l

Oeiras

gamovlenili mosalodneli

0.04 mg/d 0.02 mg/l

Rocha da Nora

gamovlenili mosalodneli

0.18 mg/l 0.11 mg/l

Arromches

gamovlenili mosalodneli

132


133

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

2.4 mg/l 0.51mg/l

Monte da Vinha

gamovlenili mosalodneli

0.46 mg/l 0.23mg/l

Moinho do Caneiro

gamovlenili mosalodneli

0.20 mg/l 0.15 mg/l

Pulo do Lobo

gamovlenili mosalodneli

0.12 mg/l 0.10 mg/l

Cais del Alcoutium

gamovlenili mosalodneli

0.10 mg/l 0.09 mg/l

Monte dos Fortes

gamovlenili mosalodneli

0.01 mg/l 0.008 mg/l

zogadad, SesaZlebelia imis dadastureba, rom fosforis koncentraciis yvelaze maRali

maCveneblebi aris auzis CrdiloeT nawilSi, xolo samxreT nawilSi gamovlenili

maCveneblebi mosalodnelTan yvelaze axloa. es SeiZleba aixsnas imiT, rom am zonaSi ufro

naklebi wertilovani wyaroebia, rac difuzur dabinZurebaze gavlenas axdens.

nimuSebis Seswavlis monacemTa mixedviT (naxati 4), SeiZleba davaskvnaT, rom fosforis

koncentraciis ganzaveba metia auzis samxreTi nawilisaken gadanacvlebisas. procentuli

maCveneblis mixedviT mosalodneli maCveneblebis kavSiri gamovlenilTan izrdeba auzis

samxreTi nawilisaken gadanacvlebisas, rac asaxavs dabinZurebis arawertilovani wyaroebis

met rols fosforis mTlian raodenobaSi.

133


134

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

naxati 4 – fosforis koncentraciis Sedareba (gamovlenilisa mosalodnelTan) da maTi

procentuli urTierTkavSiri

gamovlenili

mosalodneli

fosfori (mg/l)

literatura

Jorgensen SE, (1980) tbis menejmenti, Pergamont Press Ltd., UK

Gomes F (1997), Modelacao Hidrologia Distribuida: Aplicacao a bacia do Guadiana. Universidade Tecnica de Lisboa,

Instituto Superior Tecnico

Novotny V, Olem H (1994) wylis xarisxi. difuzuri dabinZurebis prevencia, idntifikacia da

menejmenti. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New-York

Olivera F, Maidment D R, Charbeneau R J (1996) qariSxlis zedapiruli Cadinebis da arawertilovani

wyaroebidan dabinZurebis sivrceSi ganawilebuli modelireba geografiuli sainformacio

sistemebis gamoyenebiT. University ong>ofong> Texas at Austin

Quadrado F, Gomes F et al. (1996), Programa de Despoluicao da bacia do rio Guadiana. INAG, DSRH

kontaqti damatebiTi informaciisaTvis

fernanda gomeSi (fernandag@inag.pt)

felisbina kuadrado (binac@inag.pt)

Instituto da agua, Direccao de Servicos de Recursos Hidricos

Av. Almirante Gago Countinho, 30 -1000 Lisbon, Portugal

Tel: ++ 351 21 8430352/92 Fax: ++ 351 21 8409218

dasaxeleba

No:6

miwisqveSa wylis abstraqcia (dania)

zewolis tipi: miwisqveSa wylis zedapiris (donis) daweva, wylis nakadis daqveiTeba

zegavlenis tipi: miwisqveSa wyalze: miwisqveSa wylis nakadis mimarTulebis cvlileba, rac

savaraudod iwvevs marilis intruzias. aseve miwisqveSa wylis xarisxis gauareseba rogorc

Sedegi e.w.

wylis donis awevisa (zeda SreebSi asvlisa), zeda fenebSi Jangvis da gazrdili

infiltraciisa.

134


135

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

zedapirul wylebze: Semcirebuli ganzaveba qimiuri moqcevebisa e.w gamoyenebuli (Camdinere)

wylidan, modificirebuli ekologiuri sistemebidan (rac gamowveulia parametrebis farTo

speqtris cvlilebebiT, rogoricaa wylis nakadebis temperaturis cvlileba miwisqveSa

wylebis Semcirebuli Sedinebis gamo!).

analizis tipi an meTodi:

monitoringi: miwisqveSa wylis doneebis cvlilebebis gazomva (zondireba), da miwisqveSa

wylis qimiuri Semadgenlobis (mag. qloridi, sulfati, rkina, nikeli) gansazRvra miwisqveSa

wylis abstraqciis efeqtis gamosaTvlelad.

samodelo midgoma: 2- an 3- ganzomilebiani hidrologiuri modelebi (cifruli

kompiuteruli modelebi) gamoiyeneba abstraqciis Sedegad miwisqveSa wylis nakadis

cvlilebis Sesafaseblad da aseve wylis balansis dasaTvlelad. ufro daxvewili 3-

ganzomilebiani modeli SeiZleba gamoyenebuli iyos zedapirul wylebTan urTierTqmedebis

Sesafaseblad da wylis nakadis cvlilebebis gamosaTvlelad.

saWiro informacia da monacemebi:

modelebis gamoyenebisaTvis sakmaod farTo moTxovnebi unda dakmayong>ofong>ildes Sesayvani

monacemebisaTvis. es monacemebi xSirad miiReba monitoringis arsebuli monacemebidan da

miwisqveSa wylis Webis dguSis testis Sedegad.

hidrologiuri sistemis adeqvaturi reprezentaciisaTvis Tqven gWirdebaT gavrcobili

maCveneblebi parametrebis farTo speqtrisaTvis (mag. hidravlikuri gamavloba da

forovneba), rac specifiuria modelirebuli hidrologiuri sistemisaTvis da aseve

geografiuli garemosaTvis, modelis Sedegebis validurobaSi dasarwmuneblad. rac ufro

kompleqsuri da zustia modeli, miT ufro mravalmxrivi monacemebi Wirdeba mas.

garda amisa, modelebis kalibraciisa da validaciisaTvis saWiro monacemebi unda iyos

wesrigSi imis Sesamowmeblad, SeuZlia Tu ara models zustad gamosaxos hidrologiuri

sistemis pasuxebi. es monacemebi xSirad SeiZleba amoRebuli iyos monitoringis

monacemebidan, ise rom monitoringis monacemTa erTi nawili gamoiyeneba modelis

momzadebis da kalibraciisas, xolo monacemTa meore nawili motovebulia modelis

Semdgomi validaciisaTvis.

mokle aRwera naxatebis CaTvliT

miuxedavad imisa, rom monitoringis Sedegad SeiZleba pirdapir dokumentirebuli iyos

zedapiruli da miwisqveSa wylis obieqtebis kargi statusis miRebis SeuZlebloba, xSirad,

gansakuTrebiT miwisqveSa wylis obieqtebisaTvis, saWiroa zegavlenebis damatebiTi Sefaseba

135


136

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

modelebis saSualebiT da kalkulacia momavali zegavlenebisa romlebic ganpirobebulia

miwisqveSa wylis obieqtebze zewolaTa droSi gaxangrZlivebuli gavleniT.

wylis balansis modelebi SeiZleba gamoyenebuli iyos wyalSemkrebi auzis masStabiT.

rogorc “martivi” konceptualiri modelebi, aseve ufro rTuli cifruli kompiuteruli

modelebi. maTi gamoyenebiT SesaZloa abstraqciis kubur metrebSi gamoTvla da aseve

zegavlenis raodenobrivi Sefaseba zedapirul wylebze, Cveulebriv nakadebze.

es farTodaa cnobili daniaSi, sadac hidrologiuri modelebi gamoiyeneba wylis

abstraqciis uflebis mosapoveblad, mariliani wylis intruziis riskisas da aseve

asocirebuli zedapiruli wylebis/ekosistemebis dazianebisas. aseve modelis saSualebiT

gamoiTvleba koreqciis aucilebloba, magaliTad wylis misaRebi nakadis

uzrunvelyong>ofong>isaTvis da aseve is, rogoria koreqciis saukeTeso xerxi (mag: unda moxdes

abstraqciis Semcireba Tu miwiqveSa wylis nakadisaken gadatumbva). qvemoT moyvanilia

magaliTi, romelSic wylis nakadi modelirebuli iqna roskildis sagrafoSi sxvadasxva

sadgurebze modelis kalibraciis mizniT da sistemis hidravlikuri da sxva parametrebis

gansazRvrisaTvis. modeli SemdgomSi gamoiyeneboda miwisqveSa wylis abstraqciis dasaSvebi

moculobis Sesafaseblad, garemosaTvis wylis nakadis mniSvnelobis gaTvaliswinebiT. am

TvalsazrisiT gansakuTrebiT kritikulia gamoyong>ofong>is dabali doneebi.

naxati 1: hidravlikuri modelis kalibracia wylis nakadis monacemebze. sqeli xazi:

modelis Sedegebi. wvrili wyvetili xazi: dafiqsirebuli gamoyong>ofong>a. marcxniv: cudad

kalibrirebuli/determinirebuli, da amitom naklebad zusti, modeli. marjvniv: kargad

kalibrirebuli/determinirebuli modeli.

gamoyong>ofong>a m²/s

gamoyong>ofong>a m²/s

dro (w)

dro (w)

136


137

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

(County ong>ofong> Roskild (2002):GGrundvandsmodel for Roskilde Amt by WaterTech a/s)

kompiuteruli modelebis gamoyeneba aseve SesaZlebels xdis kvalificiurad ganisazRvros

mocemuli zewola ramden xanSi gamovlindeba dabinZurebis formis zegavlenis saxiT. es

relevanturia e.w. wylis mosamaragebel Webze zegavlenis da miwisqveSa wylebis

dabinZurebis sxva SemTxvevebis SefasebisaTvis.

da bolos, hidrologiuri sistemebis kompiuteruli modelebi miwisqveSa wylebis

SemTxvevaSi gamoiyeneba miwisqveSa wylebis Sevsebis adgilebis gansasazRvrad. es

maRalrelevanturia mocemuli zewolis sawyisis da zewolis/moqmedebis siZlieris

warmosaCenad, da sivrciT dagegmarebaSi prevenciuli zomebis da sensitiuri adgilebis

damabinZurebeli aqtivobebisagan gansarideblad.

literatura

County ong>ofong> Roskild (2002):GGrundvandsmodel for Roskilde Amt by WaterTech a/s

proeqtis angariSi miwisqveSa wylebisa da zedapiruli wylebis kavSirebisa da

urTierTqmedebis (abstraqciis efeqtebis CaTvliT) codnis mdgomareobis Sesaxeb. teqsti

mocemulia daniur enaze, magram reziumeTi inglisur enaze:

http://www.mst.dk/udgiv/Publikationer/2002/87-7972-157-5/html/default.htm

kontaqti damatebiTi informaciisaTvis

daniis da grenlandiis geologiuri momoxilva (GEUS), Oster Voldgade 10, dk-1350. Copenhagen K,

Tel.: +45 38142000, Fax:+45 38142050, E-mail: geus@geus.dk, http://www.geus.dk/geuspage-uk.htm

dasaxeleba

No:7

mdinaris sistemis simulatoris gamoyeneba mdinare maanaSi (norvegia) garemo

faqtorebiT ganpirobebuli nakadis optimizaciis mizniT

zegavlenis tipi:

nakadis Secvlili reJimi

zewolis tipi:

wylis nakadis regulacia

analizis tipi an meTodi:

mocemul kvlevaSi gamoyenebuli iqna mdinaris sistemis simulatoris (Alfredsen et al

1995) Semdegi modelebi - ENMAG, HEC-RAS, QUAL2E, RICE da HABITAT.

modelirebis midgoma iTvaliswinebda mdinaris baipasur seqciebSi modelis Seqmnas

da kalibracias Tavisufali nakadis ararsebobis pirobebSi da Semdeg 1 m3/s, 2.5 m3/s, 5

m3/s da 10 m3/s gamoTavisuflebuli wylis, rogorc garemo faqtorebiT

ganpirobebuli nakadis, zegavlenis simulirebas.

rogor moxda modelze dafuZnebuli gadawyvetilebis miReba

137


138

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

yvela modelidan miRebuli Sedegi gansjili iqna mecnierebis mier manualurad, ris

Semdegac moxda gaerTianebuli integrirebuli rekomendirebuli nakadis

SemoTavazeba.

ramdenad Seesabameboda aplikaciis procesi teqnikis ganviTarebis Tanamedrove

dones?

sami kargad cnobili da srulad dokumentirebuli (ENMAG, HEC-RAS da QUAL2E) da

ori axlad SemuSavebuli modeli (RICE da HABITAT) iqna integrirebuli mdinaris

sistemas simulatorSi mimdinare monacemTa baziT da prezentaciis meTodebiT.

aRniSnuli integracia Seesabameba teqnikis ganviTarebis Tanamedrove dones.

komunikacia modelebis SemmuSavebelsa da saboloo momxmarebels Soris

proeqtis saboloo momxmarebelis, “aRmosavleT telemarkis mdinareTa regulirebis

asociaciis” mier (“The Eastern Telemark River Regulation Association”) Seqmnili iqna

warmomadgenlobiTi referaluri jgufi, romelSic gaerTiandnen lokaluri da

regonaluri masStabis pasuxismgebeli pirebi, hidrosamrewao kompaniebi da

adgilobrivi politikosebi. aRniSnul warmomadgenlobiT jgufs weliwadSi erTxel

misdis angariSi proeqtis mimdinareobis Sesaxeb. proeqtis sawyis fasaSi

organizebuli iyo ramdenime Sexvedra modelebis or SemmuSavebelsa da saboloo

momxmareblebs Soris. saboloo momxmareblebma Seqmnes referaluri jgufi. proeqtis

saboloo produqti aisaxa Svid mecnierul angariSSi da erT Semajamebel reportSi.

saWiro informacia da monacemebi

monacemTa Segrovebis strategia hidravlikis, bunebrivi arealis da Tevzebis

sakiTxebze iTvaliswinebda monacemTa Segrovebas intensiurad, drois mokle

periodSi, sanam moxdeba wylis ukuSebruneba mdinareSi. danarCeni monacemebis

Segroveba ki xdeboda uwyvetad, regularul (yovelTviur, dRiur da yovel 10-wuTian)

bazisze. aRniSnuli modelebidan ramdenime saWiroebs identuri Sesayvani monacemebis

arsebobas. Segrovebul iqna Semdegi monacemebi:

teqnikuri da hidrologiuri monacemebi sistemaSi arsebuli eleqtrosadgurebisa da

rezervuarebisTvis ENMAG modelis asamuSaveblad.

ganiv-kveTiani da wylis donis monacemebi HEC-RAS, RICE da HABITAT modelebis

asamuSaveblad.

mdinaris yinulovani safaris, wylis da haeris temperaturuli monacemebi RICE

modelisTvis.

monacemebi wylis xarisxis amsaxav parametrebze rogoricaa saerTo P, saerTo N,

baqteriebis raodenoba, koliformuli da Termo tolerantuli koliformuli

baqteriebi, pH, simRvrie da wylis temperatura Segrovebul iqna QUAL2E modelisTvis

mdinaris gayolebiT Tormet adgilze da ramdenime eleqtrosadguris gamomdinare

wylebidan. aRniSnuli monacemebis Segroveba xdeboda TveSi erTxel 14 Tvis

ganmavlobaSi da agreTve ramodenimejer mdinareSi testgavlili wylis Sebrunebisas.

monacemebi wylis siRrmeze, mimdinare siCqareze da substratis moculobaze

Segrovebul iqna HABITAT modelisTvis 5-12 ganivi kveTis gayolebiT Tevzebis

138


139

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

bunebrivi arealis xuT sadgurze. monacemebi Tevzebis bunebrivi arealis gamoyenebis

Sesaxeb grovdeboda myvinTavebis mier imave sadgurebze zafxulis situaciebis

ganmavlobaSi.

mokle aRweriloba naxatebis CaTvliT

mdinare maana samxreTi norvegiis centralur nawilSi oslodan dasavleTisken 150

(km) daSorebiT reegulirdeba mTebSi ganlagebuli didi kaSxaliT da amuSavebs

saerTo raodenobiT 5 hidroeleqtrosadgurs. regulaciis warmoebis licenzia

saWiroebda xelaxal licenzirebas, Sesabamisad kvleva iqna Catarebuli garemo

faqtorebiT ganpirobebuli nakadis moTxovnilebebis analizis mizniT specialuri

aqcentiT wyliT dafarul areze (esTetiuroba), oragulisebrTa gamravlebis

Taviseburebebze, wylis xarisxze, yinulis kondiciaze da eleqtroenergiis

produqciaze. mdinaris sistemis simulatori (Alfredsen 1995) iqna gamoyenebuli 1-10 m3/s

farglebSi ori yvelaze mZlavri daRmavali nakadis hidroeleqtrosadguris baipasur

seqciebSi gamosaTavisuflebeli garemo faqtorebiT ganpirobebuli nakadebis

zegavlenis simulaciisTvis da integraciisTvis.

zegavlenis qveS myong>ofong>i baipasuri seqciebis sigrZe daaxlovebiT warmoadgens 6 km-s da

8 km-s. Tevzebis bunebrivi arealis simulaciebi Catarda detalizirebulad 5

SerCeul monakveTze 25, 48, 59, 60 da 286 m-is sigrZeze. danarCeni sakiTxebis Seswavla

mimdinareobda mTeli mdinaris gayolebiT 14 km-iani monakveTis sigrZeze.

literatura

angariSgeba kvlevis Sesaxeb, Semajamebeli reportis CaTvliT, Seyvanilia Ria

norvegiul angariSSi:

Harby, A. (ed). (2000) Vassdragssimulatoren for Maana. Hovedrapport. SINTEF, Trondheim, Norway

(norvegiul enaze).

saerTaSoriso gamoqveynebisTvis gamzadebuli statia gadagzavnilia agreTve garemos

dacvis modelirebis programuli uzrunvelyong>ofong>isTvis. kvlevis Semadgeneli

calkeuli nawilebi gamoqveynebulia:

Harby, A and Alfredsen, K. (1999) Fish habitat simulation models and integrated assessment tools. International

workshop on Sustainable Riverine Fish Habitat, April 21-24, Victoria, B.C., Canada.

modelirebis meTodebTan dakavSirebuli literature:

Alfredsen K., Bakken T.H. and Killingtveit (eds) (1995) The River System Simulator. User’s Manual. SINTEF

NHL report 1995.

kontaqti damatebiTi informaciisaTvis

atle.harby@energy.sintef.no

dasaxeleba

No:8

139


140

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

mdinaris wylis nakadis rezervuarebis gavleniT ganpirobebuli cvlilebebis

Sefasebis midgomebi

zewolis tipi:

wylis nakadis regulacia

analizis tipi an meTodi:

wylis nakadis regulaciiT ganpirobebuli wylis naturaluri reJimis maqsimaluri

potenciuri cvlilebis amsaxavi indeqsi.

saWiro informacia da monacemebi

- hidrologiuri qselis nebismieri wertilidan dinebis sapirispirod

wyalsacavebis tevadobis amsaxavi ruka.

- wylis naturaluri namatis amsaxavi ruka.

mokle aRweriloba naxatebis CaTvliT

mocemuli praqtikis pirdapir amocanas warmoadgens wylis nakadis regulaciiT

ganpirobebuli maqsimaluri potenciuri cvlilebis amsaxavi indeqsis Seqmna.

wylis nakadis regulaciiT ganpirobebuli wylis naturaluri reJimis maqsimaluri

potenciuri cvlilebis amsaxavi ruka Seqmnili iqna wylis naturaluri namatis

amsaxav rukas da hidrologiuri qselis nebismieri wertilidan dinebis sapirispirod

wyalsacavebis tevadobis amsaxav rukas Soris arsebuli Tanafardobis gaangariSebis

safuZvelze GIS teqnikebis gamoyenebiT.

maregulirebel kaSxals gaaCnia wylis nakadis droSi asaxuli reJimis yvelaze meti

cvlilebis unari. ra Tqma unda, maregulirebeli kaSxlebi konstruirebulia

mdinaris naturaluri daclis modificirebis mizniT adamianebis moTxovnilebebis

Sesabamisad da amgvari aqtivoba cvlis wylis naturalur reJims. degradaciis

xarisxi mdinaris nebismier wertilSi damokidebulia sam parametrze: mocemuli

wertilidan dinebis sapirispirod regulirebuli wylis moculobaze, regulirebuli

wylis SedarebiT odenobaze mdinaris gayolebiT arsebul resursebTan kavSirSi (sxva

sityvebiT, wyalsacavis nakadTan Sefardebaze) da wyalsacavis operatiul

menejmentze.

wyalsacavis menejmentiT ganpirobebuli cvlilebebi SesaZloa iyos umniSvnelo, Tu

igi axorcielebs naturaluri reJimis reproduqcias, magram wyalsacavis

menejmentiT ganpirobebuli cvlilebebi SesaZloa gaxdes totaluri, Tu igi

axorcielebs yvela resursis Sevsebas da wylis aranairi gamoTavisufleba mdinareSi

ar xdeba. ukanaskneli varianti Seesabameba yvelaze uares efeqts, romelic kaSxalma

SeiZleba moaxdinos mdinaris nakadze, aqedan gamomdinare igi SesaZloa gamoyenebuli

iqnas wylis naturaluri reJimis potenciuri Secvlis raodenobrivi gansazRvrisTvis.

pirveli, wyalsacavebis tevadobis amsaxavi ruka uCvenebs wylis moculobas, romelic

SesaZloa regulirdebodes nebismieri wertilidan dinebis sapirispirod. amis Semdeg,

Tu wylis wliuri namatis amsaxavi ruka gaiyong>ofong>a wyalsacavebis tevadobis amsaxav

140


141

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

rukaze, miRebuli iqneba wylis nakadis regulaciiT ganpirobebuli wylis

naturaluri reJimis maqsimaluri potenciuri cvlilebis ruka.

naxati 1: wyalsacavebis tevadobis amsaxavi ruka aCvenebs did moculobebs, romelnic

aRemateba 5.000 Mm 3 -s da damaxasiaTebelia didi mdinareebis dinebis qveda doneze

(gvadalqviviri, ebro, taio, duero da guadiana), amave dros aCvenebs zogierT mcire

auzsac, romelic Zlivs aRwevs 1.000 Mm 3 -s (norte, sur, s.i. de katalunia, galicia

kosta da segura).

naxati 2: aCvenebs wylis wliuri namatis amsaxav rukas.

naxati 3: aCvenebs wylis nakadis regulaciis mier maqsimaluri potenciuri

cvlilebis amsaxav rukas. wyalsacavebis tevadobis amsaxav rukasTan SedarebiT igi

warmoadgens zlier gansxvavebul aspeqtebs. Zalian maRali absoluturi tevadobis

zogierT auzebs, rogoric gaaCnia ebros, axasiaTebT mcired Secvlili reJimi didi

naturaluri gavlenis gaTvaliswinebiT, maSin, rodesac sxva mdinareebs agreTve didi

gavleniT gaaCniaT cvlilebebis gacilebiT meti potenciali (taio an gvadalkviviri).

metic, aucileblad unda gvaxsovdes, rom Cven ganvixilavT maqsimalur potenciur

cvlilebebs, aqedan gamomdinare realuri cvlilebebi SesaZloa gacilebiT naklebad

iyvnen warmoadgenilni. magaliTisTvis, xSir SemTxvevaSi hidroeleqtrosadgurebis

maRali tevadobis sacavis mqone kaSxali, romelsac gaaCnia agreTve wylis

ukuSebrunebis maRali procentuli maCvenebeli, SesaZloa xasiaTdebodes wylis

naturaluri dinebis reJimis Zalian maRali potenciuri cvlilebis SesaZleblobiT,

magram amavdroulad realurad miRebuli cvlileba iyos Zalian mcire.

naxati 1: hidrologiuri qselis nebismieri wertilidan dinebis sapirispirod

wyalsacavebis tevadobis amsaxavi ruka (Mm 3 ).

141


142

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

naxati 2: wylis naturaluri namatis amsaxavi ruka (Mm 3/ weli), gasaSualoebuli (1940-

1996)

naxati 3: wylis nakadis regulaciiT ganpirobebuli maqsimaluri potenciuri

cvlilebebis amsaxavi ruka.

142


143

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

literatura

MIMAM (2000) Libro Blanco del Aqua en Espana. (Ministry ong>ofong> Environment (2000), White paper on Water in

Spain) (espanur enaze).

kontaqti damatebiTi informaciisaTvis

ALEJANDRA PUIG. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente

TEL: +34915975695 FAX: +3495975947. e-mail: apiug@sgtcca.mma.es

JOAQUIN RODRIGUEZ. CEDEX-Ministerio de Fomento.

TEL: +34913357972 FAX: +34913357922. e-mail: joaquin.rodriguez@cedex.es

dasaxeleba No: 9

rogor aRiweros adamianis zewolebTan dakavSirebuli morfologiuri cvlilebebi?

(niderlandebi)

zegavlenis tipi:

nakadis Secvlili reJimi iwvevs bunebrivi dinamikisa da gavrcelebis arealis mdgomareobis

mniSvnelovan cvlilebebs.

zewolis tipi:

estuaruli (SesarTavis) nakadis maxasiaTeblebis cvlileba iwvevs estuaris morfologiur

cvlilebebs.

(draiveri: naosnobis amJamindeli da momavali saWiroebebi moiTxovs sanavigacio arxebis

gaRrmavebas da gaganierebas vesterSeldtis SesarTavSi).

analizis tipi an meTodi:

analizis procesSi ar aris unificirebuli kriteriumebi an mocemuli pirobebi HMWB

jgufisagan an REFCOND-isagan gardamavali da sanapiro wylebisaTvis. Sesabamisad, miznebis

da indikatorebis nakrebi Long Term Vision –sagan Scheldt-isaTvis (TWG Scheldt Commission)

gamoiyeneba rogorc winaswari nakrebi mocemuli pirobebisa.

saWiro informacia da monacemebi:

monacemebi gavrcelebis arealis Sesaxeb (GIS), wylis siRrme, dinebis reJimi, naleqis

warmoqmna, da qviSis transporti.

mokle aRwera naxatebis CaTvliT

143


144

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

vesterSeldti aris yvelaze didi sanaosno arxi navsadgurebisaTvis antverpi da vlisingeni.

ekonomikuri saWiroebebisaTvis sanavigacio arxi iqna gaRrmavebuli, raTa SeZlos ufro

didi gemebis miReba da Semcirdes damokidebuleba miqceva-moqcevis procesze.

vesterSeldtis SesarTavSi (estuarSi) arxis gaRrmavebasTan dakavSirebulma xangrZlivma

miwis Txrisa da gadmotvirTvis samuSaoebma, moaxdines sistemis xarisxis statusze

mniSvnelovani gavlena. mniSvnelovani efeqtebia morfologiisa da gavrcelebis arealis

Semdgomi cvlilebebi SesarTavis SigniT. vesterSeldti SeiZleba daxasiaTebuli iqnas,

rogorc gardamavali wyali da savaraudod, rogorc “Zlier modificirebuli”. es niSnavs,

rom adamianis mier ganxorcielebuli cvlilebebis Sedegad miRebuli morfologiuri

mdgomareobis Secvla aris miCneuli Seuqcevadad. es cxadia asaxavs dambebis arsebobas

usafrTxoebis miznebisaTvis da aseve sanavigacio arxisaTvis ekonomikuri mniSvnelobis

gamo. es gulisxmobs, rom wylis am obieqtis xarisxis samizne aris kargi ekologiuri

potenciali, rac gulisxmobs Seuqcevadi cvlilebebis pirobebSi saukeTeso SesaZlebel

ekologiur mdgomareobas.

wylis CarCo direqtiva moiTxovs identifikaciasa da analizs mniSvnelovani adamianuri

zewolebisa, hidromorfologiaze adamianis gavlenis CaTvliT. analizis

struqturirebisaTvis gadadgmuli iqna 5 nabiji:

nabiji 1: sistemis daxasiaTeba

sistemis yvelaze mniSvnelovani maxasiaTeblebis parametrebi (danarTi II (naw.1.2.3., V (naw. 1.1.3

da 1.2.3) wylis CarCo direqtivisa gamoyenebuli iqna rogorc amosavali wertili am

aRwerisaTvis.

nabiji 2: mocemuli pirobebisa da morfologiuri xarisxis samizneebis dadgena

mocemuli pirobebi morfologiuri statusisaTvis, romlebic sakmarisad Seesabameboda

wylis CarCo direqtivis xarisxis samiznes, mocemuls GEP mier, saWiroebda aRweras. aseTi

mocemuli pirobebi ar iyo sakmarisad zustad gansazRvruli da gamoTvlili arsebul

literaturaSi. radgan statstikuri (geografiuli an istoriuli) mocemuli pirobebi ver

gamodgeba praqtikuli moxmarebisaTvis SesarTavis (estuaris) dinamiur sistemaSi,

gamoyenebuli iqna “Long-term vision ong>ofong> ong>theong> Scheldt estuary – Seldtis SesarTavis xangrZlivi xedvis

(LTV)” parametrebi mniSvnelovani zewolebisa da zegavlenebis misaRebad da sistemis

cvlilebebis monitoringis kriteriumebis misaRebad. LTV fokusirebulia SesarTavSi

esenciuri bunebrivi dinamikis SenarCunebaze. sistemis ori mTavaro parametri am miznisaTvis

aris: (1) mravalarxiani sistema unda SenarCunebuli iyos intaqturad; (2) saWiroa masSi iyos

sakmarisi adgili dinamiuri daleqvisaTvis/eroziuli procesebisa da gavrcelebis arealis

cvlilebebisaTvis.

nabiji 3: mniSvnelovani zewolebis identifikacia

144


145

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

imis Sefaseba aris Tu ara wylis obieqtze zewola mniSvnelovani, unda emyarebodes zogad

konceptualur gagebas zewolebisa (mag. wylis dineba) da maTi zegavlenebisa sistemaze (mag.

amasTan dakavSirebuli cvlilebebi morfologiaSi da ekologiur funqcionirebaSi da

sistemis gavrcelebis arealebSi). vesterSeldtis SemTxvevaSi saeqsperto codna

gamoyenebuli iyo pirvel rigSi yvela potenciurad relevanturi zewolis CamosaTvlelad,

da Semdeg etapze yvelaze mniSvnelovani zewolebis identifikaciisaTvis. mniSvneloba maSin

xdeba sayuradRebo, Tu determinirebulia samiznesaken an miocemuli (sawyisi) pirobebisaken.

prioritetebis dasadgeni kriteriumebi iyo zewolis relevantoba sistemis parametrebis

miRwevaSi, rogorc aRwerilia LTV-Si.

nabiji 4: zegavlenaTa Sefaseba

2004 wlis pirveli revius mniSvnelovani mizani iyo mTavari zewolebis da maTi

zegavlenebis inentificireba. zewola yvelaze Zlieri zegavleniT aris “sanavigacio arxis

gaRrmaveba da gafarToeba”. Sedegad, am aqtivobas aqvs yvelaze meti potenciali LTV-Si

formulirebuli momavali parametrebisadmi damTxvevis an ardamTxvevisa.

nabiji 5: zegavlenaTa monitoringisaTvis relevanturi indikatorebis identifikacia

zewolasa da zegavlenas Soris urTierTkavSiri gamoiyeneboda morfologiuri cvlilebebis

monitoringis relevanturi indikatoris identifikaciisaTvis. mraval arxiani relevanturi

indikatorebi savaraudod aris: miqceva-moqcevis zonis napirebis sigrZe, moqcevis Sida

zona, moqcevis/ wyaldidobis gavlena, naleqis transportireba, arxis pirveladi

transportis kavSiri arxis meorad transportTan. bunebrivi dinamikisaTvis sakmarisi

sivrcis parametris indikatorad unda moiazrebodes moqcevisSida zonis simaRle da

marilovani marSis yvelaze dabali zona.

samwuxarod, kavSiri zewola/zegavlenasa da morfologiur kriteriumebs Soris ar aris

dadgenili imdenad zustad, rom Seiqmnas operacionaluri klasifikaciis sistema, da

ZiriTadad damokidebulia saeqsperto codnaze. miuxedavad amisa, kargi ekologiuri

statusis miRwevis garda garkveuli tendenciebi ukve aSkarad aris identificirebuli am

indikatoruli parametrisaTvis. (ix. grafiki romelic asaxavs marilovani marSis areebis

zrdas, rac niSnavs, rom relevanturi ufro qveda marilovani marSi mkveTrad mcirdba).

pirveli reviu 2004 wels warmoadgenda saskriningo nabijs. igi aRniSnavs pirvelad

aspeqtebs, romlebic unda damuSavdes RBMP-Si. morfologiisaTvis igi avlens rig

relevantur sicarieleebs codnaSi, rac unda Seivsos RBMP-s mimarTulebT Semdgomi

nabijebis gadadgmisas.

145


146

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

grafiki: marilovani marSis ufro maRali areebi

literatura

• piloturi angariSi zewolebsa da zegavlenebze vesterSeldtis arealSi –RIZA &Royal

Haskoning, holandiur enaze (inglisur enaze reziume darTulia), amJamad momzadebis

procesSia (dasrulebulia 2002 seqtemberSi), angariSi iqneba misawvdomi misamarTze:

www.waterland.net/eu-water

• Seldtis SesarTavis xangrZlivi xedva –resursebis analizi (RA/00-445), ianvari 2001

kontaqti damatebiTi informaciisaTvis

Department ong>ofong> transport and public works RIKZ (National Institute ong>ofong> Coastal waters)

sakontaqto piri: B. Dauwe

Postbox 8039

NL-4330 EA Middelburg

The Nederlands

Department ong>ofong> transport and public works RIZA (National Institute ong>ofong> water management and waste water treatment)

sakontaqto piri: F.H.Wagemaker

Postbox 17

NL-8200-AA Lelystad

The Nederlands

dasaxeleba No: 10

146


147

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

skriningi da zegavlenaTa Sefaseba EUROWATERNET meTodologiis franguli midgomis

gamoyenebiT (safrangeTi)

zegavlenis tipi:

organuli masala, nutrientebi (sakvebi nivTierebebi), eutrong>ofong>ikacia mdinareebSi.

zewolis tipi:

OM, fosforis da azotis wertilovani da difuzuri wyaroebi gansazRvruli maTi

mamoZravebeli ZaliT

analizis tipi an meTodi:

statistikuri teqnika monitoringis monacemebis organizebuli gamoyenebisaTvis da

zewolebsa da zegavlenebs Soris sivrciTi da droSi urTierTkavSiri

saWiro informacia da monacemebi:

monitoringis sadgurebis da dakvirvebis sawyisi monacemebi

wyalSemkrebi auzis struqtura

CORINE land cover, administraciuli da wyalSemkrebi auzis sazRvrebi

porulacia NUTS5-ze

sxva informacia SeiZleba Setanili iyos stratifikaciis sistemaSi

mokle aRwera naxatebis CaTvliT

meTodologia

mcenareuli safari da populaciis simWidrove gansazRvraven ZiriTad mamoZravebel Zalebs,

romlebic gavlenas axdenen mdinaris xarisxze. mcenareuli safaris proporcia da

kombinacia da populaciis simWidrove gamoiyeneba raTa ganisazRvros potenciuri

zewolebis plastebi (strata), rac iZleva SesaZleblobas TiToeuli monitoringis sadguris

moniSvnisa. stratifikaciis procesi iTvaliswinebs qveauzisa da auzis zomas aseve

imisaTvis, rom amoarCios sadgurebi Tanabrad mTels teritoriaze.

stratifikacia miznad isaxavs monitoringis sadgurebi daajgufos identuri gamoyong>ofong>is

mixedviT. Tu plasti (stratumi) kargad aris gansazRvruli, maSin mosalodnelia, rom

dabinZurebis simWidrove (kg y¯¹ (km²)¯¹)erTis mxriv da standartuli gamoyong>ofong>a (m³ y¯¹ (km²)¯¹)

meores mxriv SeZleben gamoTvalon koncentraciis monacemi romelic ekuTvnis imave

statistikur populacias.

am hipoTezebis Tanaxmad, rom stratumis meryeoba SeiZleba gamoiTvalos, rogorc kombinacia

saSualo wertilebisa da meryeobebis. Sedegad, SesaZlebeli gaxdeba moxdes plastebis

Sedareba, plastis, wyalSemkrebi auzis da drois gadaxrebis kombinireba.

147


148

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

gamoyeneba

EuroWaternet-is implementacia safrangeTSi amJamad srulad operacionaluria. detaluri

statistikuri kvleva geostatistikuri procesebis gamoyenebiT (mravalaspeqtiani krijingi)

aCvenebs, rom 6 plasti (strata) (mWidro urbanuli, urbanuli, Sereuli

(urbanuli+intensiuri sasong>ofong>losameurneo), intensiuri sasong>ofong>losameurneo, zomierad

sasong>ofong>losameurneo, mcire zegavlena) aris sakmarisi mdinareebze zegavlenis mqone Zalebis

aRsawerad.

EuroWaternet moTxovnebis Sesabamisad, SerCeuli iqna 512 nimuSebis Semswavleli sadguri.

sayong>ofong>acxovrebo miznebisaTvis es ricxvi gazrdili iqna daaxloebiT 1500 sadguramde

(ricxvi mcired damokidebulia weliwadze), romlebic gamoiyeneba wylis xarisxis

sakiTxebis warmosadgenad, rodesac statistikuri indikatorebi aris CarTuli.

meore stadiaze, meTodologia gamoiyeneba raTa dadgindes sadgurebis optimaluri

ganawileba, auzze zewolebis Sesafaseblad. dadgenili iqna 2500 sadguris optimaluri

qseli, da is amJamad ufro detaluri Seswavlis procesSia. es Sedegi ar aris aq

warmodgenili, radgan isini ar Seesatyviseba zewolebsa da zegavlenebs. miuxedavad amisa,

xazgasmulia, rom monitoringis xarisxi mniSvnelovanwilad gansazRvravs zegavlenis

Sefasebis sizustes.

zogierTi Sedegi

stratifikacia SeiZleba mowodebuli iyos rogorc stratumis tipebis ruka elementarul

auzze (amJamad 6210). feris kodi TiToeuli auzisaTvis warmoadgens kumulaciur

mosalodnel zegavlenebs auzis dinebis ufro zeda nawilidan.

naxati 1. Tanamedrove EuroWaternet stratifikaciis tipebi romlebic gamoiyeneba safrangeTSi

148


149

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

stratumis tipi ukavSirdeba nebismier sadgurs romelic moTavsebulia mTavar arxze

mdinarisa, romelic axdens gamoyong>ofong>ili 6210 elementaruli auzidan romelimes drenirebas.

ruxi xazebiT aRniSnulia 55 operacionaluri auzi romlebic gamoiyeneba wertilovani

seleqciisaTvis safrangeTis municipalitetSi.

auzebis sazRvarsgareTa nawilebi kalkulaciebSi gaTvaliswinebulia.

stratumis saSualo maCveneblebi

grafiki.

mg/l nitrati

wlebi

sasong>ofong>losemeurneo

mcire zegavlena

urbanuli da sasong>ofong>losameurneo

urbanuli

mWidrod urbanuli

saSualo zegavlena

linearuli (sasong>ofong>losameurneo)

linearuli (saSualo zegavlena)

zemoTmoyvanil magaliTSi, nitrati TiToeul stratumze (am SemTxvevaSi damuSavebulia

mTeli safrangeTis EuroWaternet wertilebi) aCvenebs aSkara zemoTmimaval tendencias

intensiur sasong>ofong>losameurneo, Sereul da saSualo gavlenis qveS myong>ofong> (sasong>ofong>losameurneo)

stratumebSi. hidrologiuri efeqti ar aris moSorebuli saSualodan, es procedura xazs

usvams drois gadaxras, savaraudod aqtivobebTan dakavSirebiT.

149


150

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

grafiki

stratumis saSualo maCveneblebi (xsnadi P)

mg/l xsnadi P

wlebi

sasong>ofong>lo-semeurneo

mcire zegavlena

urbanuli da sasong>ofong>losameurneo

urbanuli

mWidrod urbanuli

saSualo zegavlena

zemoTmoyvanil magaliTSi, fosfori TiToeul stratumze (am SemTxvevaSi damuSavebulia

mTeli safrangeTis EuroWaternet wertilebi) aCvenebs aSkara qvemoTmimaval tendencias yvela

stratumSi. gaumjobeseba Zalian efeqturia yvelaze meti zegavlenis qveS myong>ofong> stratumebSi,

sakanalizacio sistemis gasufTavebasa da detergentSi fosforis SemcirebasTan

dakavSirebiT. hidrologiuri efeqti ar aris moSorebuli saSualodan. am SemTxvevaSi

urTierTkavSiris xarisxi saWiroebs gaumjobesebas, radgan fosforis saSualo maCveneblebi

mgrZnobiarea ganzavebisadmi.

magaliTad moyvanil orive SemTxvevaSi gadaxrebi SeiZleba advilad iyos gamoyvanili da

aCvenos romeli wylis obieqti aris da romeli ar aris riskis qveS, rom ver

akmayong>ofong>ilebdes moTxovnebs.

150


151

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

literatura

Leonard J, Crouzet P, 1999. Construction d’un reseau representatif. Contribution au reseau

“EUROWATERNET”/Qualite des cours d’eau de l’Agence Eupopeenne de l’Environment. Orleans. Institut francais de

l’environnement, 70p.(coll.Notes de methode, 13)

Beture-Cerec, ARMINES,2001.”Eurowaternet. Construction d’un reseau representative de qualite des cours

d’eau.Phase II-Rapport final”. (type du rapport: Final.redige par Chantal de Fouquet,Gullaume Le Gall, pour le compte

de’Ifen et Agences de l’eau”) Orleans, 233 p., (6 annexe(s), acces:total

EEA, 2001.”mimdinare Eurowaternet procesSi mdinaris xariosxis aRwweris sakiTxebTan

dakavSirebuli teqnikuri sakiTxebis revizia. axali Sexedulebebi seqtoruli strategiis

efeqturobis Sefasebaze”(Type du rapport:PDraft, redige par Philippe Crouzet, pour le compte de EEA/EIONET)

Copenhagen, 38 p., acces:limit

kontaqti damatebiTi informaciisaTvis

Philippe Crouzet

Institute Francais de l;Environnement

61, boulevard Alexandre Martin

F 45058 Orleans Cedex 1, FRANCE

Tel ++ 33 238 79 78 78/Fax ++33 238 79 78 70/E-mail philippe.crouzet@ifen.fr

dasaxeleba No: 11

zewolaTa zegavlenis gamoTvla da albaToba moTxovnebis dakmayong>ofong>ilebisa wylis daTvlis

meTodologiis saSualebiT (EUROSTAT). frenguli gamoyeneba (safrangeTi)

zegavlenis tipi:

organuli masala, nutrientebi (sakvebi nivTierebebi), eutrong>ofong>ikacia, pesticidebi,

biologiuri statusi mdinareebSi.

zewolis tipi:

OM, fosforis, azotis da sxv. wertilovani da difuzuri wyaroebi gansazRvruli maTi

mamoZravebeli ZaliT an aqtualuri zewolebiT.

analizis tipi an meTodi:

wylis daTvlis meTodologia anawilebs wylis xarisxis Sefasebebs (ara daumuSavebel

koncentraciebs) wylis obieqtis zomis proporciaSi. es meTodi iZleva xarisxis

151


152

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

raodenobriv gamoxatvas, rac SeiZleba Sedardes zewolebs (rogorc gadatanas) an fasebs

(rogorc fulis raodenobas).

saWiro informacia da monacemebi:

monitoringis sadgurebis lokalizacia da gamovlenili daumuSavebeli monacemebi

xarisxis Sefasebis meTodi xarisxis indeqsebis an klasebis dasaTvlelad

wyalSemkrebi auzis struqtura da mdinaris qselis struqtura

standartuli gamoyong>ofong>is maCveneblebi (saSualo, dabali nakadis maCveneblebi) tvirTis

monacemTa dasaTvlelad

mokle aRwera naxatebis CaTvliT

meTodologia

wylis daTvlis meTodologia Seiqmna pirvel rigSi observaciuli sistemis asaSeneblad,

romelic iqneboda magaliTi mdinaris qselis struqturisa (maSin rodesac EuroWaternet qmnis

nimuSebs monitoringis qselisa da pasuxobs sxvadasxva moTxovnebs).

ramodenime qveyanam, safrangeTis CaTvliT, moaxdina misi adaptireba Eurostst –is saxeliT.

mizani aris xarisxis mdgomareobaTa Sedareba wyalSemkreb auzebs Soris NUTS arealSi da

is, rom gaxdes SesaZlebeli xarisxis gaumjobesebis fasis dadgena.

meTodis safuZveli Zalian martivia: mdinaris TiToeul segments aqvs masa, gamoTvlili

rogorc standartuli gamoyong>ofong>is droebis xangrZlivoba. es raodenoba, kerZod SRU (Standart

River Unit/UMEC Unite de Mesure des Eaux Courantes) homologiur lokaluri energiis maragis

SeiZleba amgvarad daematos, Sedardes da qondes saboloo maCvenebeli, damoukideblad

rukis sizustisagan.

meore safexurze, Sefasebuli (an eqstrapolirebuli) monacemi TiToeuli segmetisaTvis

muSavdeba rogorc xarisxis raodenoba. radgan xarisxis klasifikaciis sqemebi mimarTavs

klasebs, SesaZlebeli xdeba rom nitratTan dakavSirebuli xarisxi daemTxves xarisxs

gamosaxuls, rogorc biologiuri indikatori, im pirobiT rom klasifikaciis sqema

Sinaganad ucvlelia.

meTodologia yvelaze ganviTarebulia amJamad, cota xnis winandeli franguli da EEA

samuSaos Semdeg, romelmac Seqmna a) sruli jaWvi produqciisa monacemTa monitoringidan

agregirebul indeqsebamde (auzi da NUTS) da b) srulyong>ofong>ili nakrebi indikatorebisa da

kvleva oTx qveyanaSi (irlandia, gaerTianebuli samefo, slovenia da safrangeTi).

gamoyeneba

dResdReobiT, yvelaze srulyong>ofong>ili gamoyeneba moxda safrangeTSi. miuxedavad amisa,

magaliTebi aris moyvanili sxva qveynebisaTvis meTodis moqnilobis demonstrirebisaTvis:

152


153

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

bolo damuSavebaTa wyalobiT Semdegi informacia iqna miRebuli arsebuli programuli

uzrunvelyong>ofong>is gamoyenebiT (safrangeTis NOPOLU-Si).

• SRU raodeniba, xarisxis klasze, Sefasebis sxvadasxva tipisaTvis, Tu relevanturia

mdinaris zolisaTvis, gaerTianebiT yovel auzSi (nebismieri zomis) an NUTS-Si. es

raodenobebi pirdapir dardeba sabazro erTeulebs: gamoyong>ofong>is moculobas, fulis

odenobas

• RQGI (River Quality Generalised Index – mdinaris xarisxis ganzogadebuli indeqsi),

romelic ganazogadebs wylis xarisxis klass moicavs ra agregaciul teritoriaze

xarisxis klasebis ganawilebas (qveynis yvela tipis mdinaridan auzis mdinaris zomis

klasamde)

• paternis indeqsi, romelic aRniSnavs ra aris xarisxis problemis prong>ofong>ili

agregaciis teritoriaze (saSualo xarisxis yvelgan, kargi “Savi laqebiT” da sxv)

• SedarebiTi mniSvnelobis indeqsi, miRebuli xarisxis sxvadasxva Sefasebebis SRU

SedarebiT, magaliTad, nitratisa da eutrong>ofong>ikaciis Sedareba. Cndeba raodenobrivi

informacia, agregaciis yvela erTeulisaTvis. ra Tqma unda, drois cvlilebebi aseve

dardeba erTmaneTs.

153


154

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

zogierTi Sedegebi (naxati ruka 1)

mdinaris dinebis xarisxis maCveneblebi

saukeTeso (8-10) (1)

kargi (6-8) (13)

saSualo (4-6) (30)

mokrZalebuli (2-4) (11)

154


155

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

cudi (0)

ver gamoiyeneba (0)

naxati ruka 2)

mdinaris dinebis xarisxis maCveneblebi

saukeTeso (8-10) (0)

kargi (6-8) (6)

saSualo (4-6) (20)

mokrZalebuli (2-4) (6)

cudi (0)

ver gamoiyeneba (23)

naxati ruka 3)

mdinaris dinebis xarisxis maCveneblebi

saukeTeso (8-10) (0)

kargi (6-8) (16)

saSualo (4-6) (21)

mokrZalebuli (2-4) (14)

cudi (1)

ver gamoiyeneba (3)

155


156

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

naxati ruka 4)

mdinaris dinebis xarisxis maCveneblebi

saukeTeso (8-10) (0)

kargi (6-8) (14)

saSualo (4-6) (27)

mokrZalebuli (2-4) (13)

cudi (0)

ver gamoiyeneba (1)

naxati ruka 5)

mdinaris dinebis xarisxis maCveneblebi

saukeTeso (8-10) (1)

kargi (6-8) (10)

saSualo (4-6) (25)

mokrZalebuli (2-4) (17)

cudi (0)

ver gamoiyeneba (2)

156


157

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

zemoTmoyvanili 5 ruka (2002 wlis safrangeTis garemos mdgomareobis angariSi) aCvenebs

agregirebul RQGI , yvela mdinareebs (marcxniv), 55 aRwerili auzisaTvis da RQGI dayong>ofong>ilia

oTxi zomis klasebad (marcxena, marjvena, zeda, qveda; udidesi, didi, saSualo da patara

mdinareebi).

qveda marjvena ruka gamoxatavs inglisSi da uelsSi wylis indeqsebis cvlilebas,

TiToeul auzze, wylebis fosforiT dabinZurebis gaTvaliswinebiT. ferebis speqtri asaxavs

gaumjobesebas (lurji) an degradacias (wiTeli).

rukebi

meore, marjvena naxati asaxavs mdinaris xarisxis paterns irlandiis respublikaSi, raSic

igulisxmeba biologiuri xarisxi. paternebi gulisxmobs, rom lokaluri danbinZureba aris

mizezi miRebuli Seusabamobisa kargi xarisxis maCveneblebTan. aman SeiZleba gaaadvilos

orientacia da Semdgomi moqmedebis gegmebi.

157


158

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

literatura

Heldal J, Osthal T. 1984 “wylis xarisxis da wylios resursebis sipnoptiuri monitoringi.

populaciuri da nimuSobrivi modgomis SeTavazeba”. Statistical Journal ong>ofong> ong>theong> United Nations. vol

ECE2.pp.393-406

Crouzet P., Germain C., Le gall G., 1999, Les Comptes de la qualite des cours d’eau. Mise en oeuvre d’une methode

somplifiee de calcul.developpements sn cours. Orleans. Institu francais de l’environnement, 70 p. (coll. Etudes et

Travaux, 25)

European Environment Agency, 2001. wylis daTvlis meTodologiis scdeli gamoyeneba mdinaris

xarisxis globaluri indeqsis dasaTvlelad, (inglisi da uelsi, safrangeTi, irlandiis

respublika, slovenia). kopenhageni, EEA aris: wylis daTvlis meTodologiis scdeli

gamoyeneba mdinaris xarisxis globaluri indeqsis dasaTvlelad. CDpRom par Beture-Cerec 2001.

kontaqti damatebiTi informaciisaTvis

Philippe Crouzet

Institute Francais de l;Environnement

61, boulevard Alexandre Martin

F 45058 Orleans Cedex 1, FRANCE

Tel ++ 33 238 79 78 78/Fax ++33 238 79 78 70/E-mail philippe.crouzet@ifen.fr

dasaxeleba No: 12

wylis xarisxis modelireba mdinare texoSi (portugalia)

zegavlenis tipi:

wylis xarisxis analizi ZiriTad mdinareSi

zewolis tipi:

wylis xarisxi SenakadebSi da gadatana wertilovani wyaroebidan

analizis tipi an meTodi:

wylis xarisxis modeli adaptirebuli mdinaris simulaciidan iyo nakadis wylis xarisxis

gaumjobesebuli modeli – Enhanced Stream Water Quality Model QUAL2E model (EPA,1987)

saWiro informacia da monacemebi:

dinebebisa da wylis xarisxis Sesaxeb informacia da monacemebi aRebulia Networks Monitoringdan.

gadatanebi wertilovani wyaroebidan (urbanuli narCeni wyali da ZiriTadi

industriebi).

158


159

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

mokle aRwera naxatebis CaTvliT

meTodologia da gamoyeneba

mdinare texos auzi erTerTi udidesia Iberian Peninsula_Si da moicavs 80629 km² farTobs;

aqedan 55 769 km² (69%) espaneTSia xolo 24 869 km² (31%) ki portugaliaSi. mdinaris sigrZea 230

km portugaliis teritoriaze da igi Caedineba atlantis okeaneSi, qalaq lisabonSi gavlis

Semdeg.

bolo wlebSi bunebrivi reJimi Seicvala da dineba espaneTidan mniSvnelovnad Semcirda

didi raodenobiT rezervuarebis aSenebisa da wylis gazrdili moTxovnilebis gamo. amis

Sedegad, wylis xarisxis maxasiaTeblebi auzis SigniT aseve mniSvnelovnad Seicvala axlo

warsulis ganmavlobaSi anTropogenuri qmedebebis Sedegad.

sasmeli wylis produqciis TvalsazrisiT lisabonis udidesi nawili da ramodenime

municipaliteti texos qvemo regionSi populaciiT 2 milionze meti adamiani, maragdeba

ramodenime wylis zedapiruli abstraqciiT. udidesi socialuri, ekologiuri da

ekonomikuri mniSvnelobis gamo, texos wyalSemkrebi auzi Seiswavleba dabinZurebis

relevanturi wertilovani da arawertilovani wyaroebis saidentifikaciod, raTa moxdes

wylis xarisxisa da misi sxvadasxva mizniT gamoyenebis adeqvaturobis Sefaseba. yvela am

informaciis arsebobisas SesaZlebelia wylis xarisxis evoluciis simulirebis modelis

kalibracia, sxvadasxva scenarebisa, hidrologiuri kondiciebis da polutantebis

gadatanisaTvis.

wylis xarisxis ramodenime modeli iyo gamokvleuli mdinare texosTan Sesaferisobaze.

wylis xarisxis modeli adaptirebuli mdinaris simulaciisaTvis aris QUAL2E modeli (EPA,

1987), romelic iTvleba ufro adeqvaturad programis miznebisa da arsebuli

monacemebisaTvis.

mdinaris kvleva Catarebulia Semdeg farglebSi: mdinaris saTave da misi SesarTavis

dasawyisi (sistemis bolo elementi), am monakverTis sigrZea 150 km. arCeuli iqna 2 km

sigrZis raodenobrivi erTeuli, sakmarisi mdinaris gaswvrivi sivrciTi detalebis

aRsawerad. mdinaris sakvlev nawilSi aris ori damba – frateli da belveri. maTi

hidravlikuri maxasiaTeblebis da operacionaluri kondiciebis gamo isini ganixileba

rogorc segmenti, sadac nakadi aris erTganzomilebiani da ar ganicdis stratifikacias.

fiziografiuli monacemebi emyareba gadamkveT prong>ofong>ilebs ganxiluls 1970 –ian wlebSi.

informacia da monacemebi nakadze miRebulia sasmeli wylis qselis monitoringidan

(Freshwater Network Monitoring). naxati 1 asaxavs mdinaris monakveTebs da gamosaTvlel

elementebs. aseve gamoxatulia ganxiluli 25 wertilovani gadatana da dambebis

lokalizacia.

159


160

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

naxati 1. mdinaris monakveTebi, gamosaTvleli elementebi da 25 ganxiluli wertilovani

gadatanis wyaro, dambebis lokalizacia.

amJamad texos wyalSemkreb auzSia ris 50 wylis nimuSebis xarisxis sadguri, romlebic

nimuSebs Seiswavlis yovelTviurad. mdinare texos modeli sawyis monacemad iyenebs

gamovlenil wylis xarisxs sagduridan, romelic ganlagebulia nacionalur sazRvarze

(modelSi SesarTavis wyali) da sistemis bolo elementis wyali (SesarTavis dasawyisi).

QUAL2E SeuZlia CarTos algoriTmSi fiqsirebuli dinebis mimarTulebis koncentraciis

komponentebi. rodesac pirdapiri dakvirvebis Sedegebi ar aris, ganisazRvreba Sida dinebebi

da wylis xarisxTan asocirebuli koncentraciebi. am dinebebis savaraudo maCveneblebi

Seqmnilia mdinaris nimuSebis sadgurebis lokalizaciaze dafuZnebuli segmentebis

hidrologiuri balansiT. nutrientebis koncentracia nakadebSi romlebic Sedian mdinareSi,

ganisazRvreba monacemTa arsebobisas.

mdinare texos modelis kalibracia iyenebs prototipul dakvirvebebs wylis xarisxisa

nimuSebis cxra sadgurze. wliuri saSualo da zafxulis saSualo maCveneblebi SeirCeva

hidrologiuri da klimaturi reJimebis gamosaxvisaTvis. xdeba simulireba zafxulis

maxasiaTeblebisa nakadis dabali kondiociebiT, rac saSualebas iZleva mdinaris qcevis

160


161

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

gaanalizebisa yvelaze cudi pirobebis SemTxvevaSi narCeni wylebis gamoyong>ofong>is da sistemaSi

polutantebis gazrdili gadatanis pirobebSi. kalibraciuli monacemebis ramodenime nakrebi

arsebobs, romelic Seesatyviseba sazafxulo specifiur maCveneblebs hidrologiuri

kondiciebis variabelobis warmosadgenad.

Sedegebi

gamoyenebuli iqna nakadis arxis hidravlikuri maxasiaTeblebis geometriuli gamosaxva.

nakadis siCqareebi da dinebebi determinirebuli modeliT, miCneuli iyo Sesaferisad

mdinare texos gamosaxvisaTvis. mdinaris pirveli 50 km farglebSi arsebuli ori damba

pasuxismgebelia gamovlenil dabal siCqareebze.

naxatebze 2 da 3 ilustrirebulia QUAL2E-s mdinare texoze gamoyenebis Sedegebi zafxulis

pirobebisaTvis. Sedegebi gaanalizebulia eqspluataciis procesSi gazomvebis, mdinaris

mTavari gamoyenebebis gaTvaliswinebiT da SedarebiT wylis xarisxis maCveneblebisa

nacionalur da saerTaSoriso kanonmdeblobasTan. kalibraciuli Tanmimdevroba xarisxis

cvladebisaTvis iyo temperatura, gaxsnili Jangbadi, BOD, fosfatebi, nitratebi, da

amoniumi. kalibraciis Sedegebi Cveulebriv kargi iyo, amoniumis gamoklebiT.

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162

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

naxati 2. QUAL2E produqciisa da texos samplingis (nimuSebis Seswavlis) sadgurebis

monacemebis Sedareba.

temperatura (ºC)

OD (mg/l)

BOD 5 (mg/l)

NH4_N mg/l)

NO3_N 9mg/l)

P2O5_P (mg/l)

distancia (km)

parametrebisaTvis miRebuli prong>ofong>ilebi (naxati 3) asaxavs aqtualur zegavlenas wylis

xarisxze dabinZurebis sxvadasxva wyaroebidan, romlebic moqmedeben mdinare texoze.

espaneTSi arsebuli didi rezervuarebi garkveul gavlenas axdenen BOD Semcirebis saxiT,

Tumca nutrientebis didi raodenoba uwineburad aRwevs sazRvars. amis Sedegad ziandeba

ori rezervuari nacionalur nawilSi, romelTac ukve aqvT eutrong>ofong>ikaciis problemebi.

meores mxriv, nacionalur auzSic aris garkveuli problemebi, gansakuTrebiT zegavlena

qaRaldis industriisa da mdinareebisa zezere da nabao, romelTac aqvT reprezentatiuli

nakadi. aseve, ori mniSvnelovani Senakadi – mdinareebi almonda da alvieda mniSvnelovan

wvlils amateben dabinZurebas romelic mdinare texos auzis ufro qveda nawilebs exeba.

naxati 3. QUAL2E prong>ofong>ilebi GIS rukebis gamoyenebiT

162


163

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

temperatura (ºC)

gaxsnili Jangbadi (mg/l)

NH4_N (mg/l)

BOD 5 (mg/l)

NO3_N 9mg/l)

P2O5_P (mg/l)

literatura

Cartaxpo L., (1987), Estimativa das cargas de Poluicao Produziadas pela Iindustria Transformadora n aAdministracao

da Regiao Hidrografica na Bacia do Tejo, Secretaria de Estado do Ambiene e dos Recursos Naturalis, Ministerio do

Plano e Admistracao do Territorio.

garemos dacvis saagento, (1987), wylis nakadis xarisxis gaumjobesebuli modelebi QUAL2E

da QUAL2E-UNCAS – dokumentacia da samomxmareblo modeli, aTeni. jorjia, aSS

INAG, Instituto da Agua (1994), INSB-Inventario Nacional de saneamento Basico (dados nao publicados), Direccao de

Servicos de Planeamento, Lisboa

INAG, Instituto da Agua (1995), Bacia Hidrografia Tejo – Avaliacao de Recursos Hidricos, vertsao preliminar, Direccao

Geral dos Recursos Hidricos, Lisboa

Orlob T. Gerald (1983) wylis xarisxis maTematikuri modelireba: nakadebi, tbebi da

rezervuarebi, Wiley-Interscience Publication, International Series on Applied Systems Analysis, John Wiley & Sons

kontaqti damatebiTi informaciisaTvis

felisbina kuadrado (binaq@inag.pt) da fernanda gomeSi (fernandag@inag.pt)

Instituto da Agua, Direccao de Servicos Recursos Hidricos

Av. Almirante Gago Coutinho, 30-1000, Lisbon, Portugal

Tel:++ 351 21 8430352/92 Fax: ++ 351 21 8409218

dasaxeleba No: 13

kriteriumebi mniSvnelovani zewolebis gamosakvlevad da maTi zegavlenis Sesafaseblad EU

komisiisadmi angariSis Cabarebis mizniT; - germaniis wylis mdgomareobis samuSao jgufis

strategiuli dokumenti (LAWA) –(germania)

zegavlenis tipi:

wylis xarisxis statusi da cvlileba (eutrong>ofong>ikuli da saprobiuli statusi, toqsiuroba,

gaTboba), arealis cvlileba, hidrologiuri reJimis cvlileba

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164

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

zewolis tipi:

wertilovani wyaroebi, difuzuri wyaroebi, wylis dinebis regulacia, morfologiuri

cvlilebebi, siTbos miReba

analizis tipi an meTodi:

emisiebis da wylis obieqtis statusis Sesaxeb arsebuli monacemebis analizi, zRvruli

maCveneblebi da difuzuri wyaroebisaTvis balansis modelebi; zegavlenaTa analizi

damyarebuli xarisxis maCveneblebze da zRvrul mniSvnelobebze, saeqsperto codna

saWiro informacia da monacemebi:

emisiebis Sesaxeb monacemebi (komunaluri narCeni wylis gamoyong>ofong>a, industriuli narCeni

wylis gamoyong>ofong>a), miwis moxmarebis maCveneblebi, wylis obieqtis statusis monacemebi

(fizikur-qimiuri gazomvebi, wylis xarisxis monacemebi da wylis obieqtis struqturebi),

monacemebi wylis abstraqciis Sesaxeb.

mokle aRwera naxatebis CaTvliT

mniSvnelovani zewolebis gamokvlevisa da maTi zegavlenebis Sefasebis mizniT germaniaSi,

wylis saxelmwifo samuSao jgufis mier (State Working Group on Water) SemuSavebuli iqna

strategiuli dokumenti (LAWA). mizani aris efeqturi procedura, romelzec aris

SeTanxmebuli qveyana, reestris SesamuSaveblad wylis CarCo direqtivis danarTi II-is

Sesabamisad, 2004 wlis bolosaTvis. pirveli aRwerisaTvis strategiuli dokumenti

orientirebulia azriani da stabiluri monacemebis arsebobaze. Tu ufro farTo aRwera

iqneba saWiro, ufro detaluri monacemebi iqneba sWiro da Tu saWiroa, Segrovdeba

lokalurad.

cxrili 1: monacemebi, romlebic unda Segrovdes sxvadasxva zewolebisaTvis

zewolebi

kriteriumebi

wertilovani wyaroebi

• narCeni wylebs gamwmendi saxelmwifo

danadgarebi >2000 PE (amoRebuli

urbanuli narCeni wylebis

damuSavebis direqtividan)

• industriuli pirdapiri gamoyong>ofong>a

wylis gamoyong>ofong>is wliuri moculoba

populacia (P) da populaciuri

eqvivalentebi (PE)

nivTierebebis gadatana germaniis

narCeni wylis direqtivis danarTi I

Tanaxmad

prioritetuli nivTierebebis wliuri

gadatana, xarisxis maCvenebelTa

direqtivis nivTierebebi, da mdinaris

auzisaTvis specifiuri nivTierebebi,

imdenad, ramdenadac es nivTierebebi

limitirebulia wylis direqtivebiT

sistemebis damtkiceba IPPC direqtivis

tanaxmad = polutantebs EPER Tanaxmad

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165

• wvimis wylis/kombinirebuli narCeni

wylis gamoyong>ofong>a

• gamoyong>ofong>a siTbos gacemiT

• marilis gamoyong>ofong>a

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

mcenareebis wliuri gadatana IPPC

direqtivis Tanaxmad angariSis

aucileblobiT: mosazreba zRvrul zomaze

26 nivTierebis wliuri gadatanisaTvis

(cxrili 1: zRvruli zomebi; EPER)

prioritetuli nivTierebebis wliuri

gadatana, xarisxis maCvenebelTa

direqtivis nivTierebebi, da mdinaris

auzisaTvis specifiuri nivTierebebi,

imdenad, ramdenadac es nivTierebebi

limitirebulia wylis direqtivebi

sakvebis industriis saSualebebi >4000 EP

narCeni wylis gamoyong>ofong>a urbanuli

zonebidan > 10 km²

gamoyong>ofong>a siTbos gacemiT > 10 MW

gamoyong>ofong>a > 1 kg/s chloride

difuzuri wyaroebi

ar aris jer sabolood

gansazRvruli, koordinireba

kriteriumebtan miwisqveSa wylis

obieqtebisaTvis safrTxis Sesaxeb

wylis abstraqcia abstraqcia recirkulaciis gareSe >

50 l/s

wylis nakadis regulacia

hidromorfologiuri darRvevebi

procedura mcire/ saSualo zomis

wylis obieqtebisaTvis:

- parametri”anTropogenuri

barierebi” (nakadis arealis

mimoxilva): ≥ 6

- parametri “ukudineba” =7

an zogadi proceduris Tanaxmad:

- gadaulaxavi anTropogenuri

barierebi da ukudineba

damyarebulia mdinaris arealis

mimoxilvis monacemebze an msgavs

kvlevebze:

“wylis obieqtis kalapotis dinamika”

struqturuli klasiT 6 da 7

mniSvnelovani zewolebis dadgenis mizniT, wylis CarCo direqtiva miuTiTebs, romeli

nivTierebebi da nivTierebaTa jgufebi unda iyos gaTvaliswinebuli. zogierT SemTxvevaSi

monacemebi, romlebic ukve Sevsebulia sxva direqtivebis safuZvelze (mag, komunaluri

narCeni wylis direqtivebi) SeiZleba iqnas gamoyenebuli. cxrili 1 aCvenebs ra informacia

unda Segrovdes ssvadasxva zewolebisaTvis.

emisiis monacemebis garda, unda iqnas Seswavlili monacemebi wylis obieqtis statusis

Sesaxeb, miRebuli garemos mimoxilvis Sedegad. pirveladi monacemevbi wylis obieqtis

statusis Sesaxeb unda iqnas gaTvaliswinebuli zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa Sefasebisas da

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166

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

unda iyos gansjili xarisxis moTxovnebis da agregaciis kriteriumebis Sesabamisad.

rogirc wesi, germaniaSi, es monacemebi warmodgenilia sivrciTi simWidroviT, romelic

emTxveva xarisxis aspeqtebs da zegavlenis adgils. Tu es arasakmarisia, aucilebelia

Sefaseba modeliT dadgenili zewolebisa. imis albaTobis gansazRvra, rom kargi

ekologiuri da qimiuri kondiciebis miRweva ver moxerxdeba dakvirvebis periodis

ganmavlobaSi, unda gakeTdes kriteriumebis Tanaxmad, romlebic warmodgenilia cxrilSi 2.

cxrili danarTi 2: zegavlenaTa SefasebisaTvis aucilebeli informacia

indikatori

zRvruli maCveneblebi

lpobis (saprobiuli)

statusi

trong>ofong>ikis statusi

fizikoqimiuri

nivTierebebi

gaTboba

marilianoba

> 30% nakadis CarCoSi > nacionaluri biologiuri xarisxis done

(aq: biologiuri xarisxis done II)

>30% nakadis CarCoSi > nacionaluri xarisxis done (aq: trong>ofong>ikis

klasi > II, Sefaseba emyareba nitratis (N > 6 mg/l) da fosfatis (P >

0,2 mg/l) koncentracias 50 %ile

aWarbebs xarisxis arsebul moTxovnebs an xarisxis kriteriumebs

evrogaerTianebis 76/464/EEC direqtivisa da codnas prioritetuli

nivTierebebis Semcvelobaze

evrogaerTianebis Tevzebis sicocxlis direqtivis mixedviT:

- maqs. wliuri temperatura: >21.5 ºC (oragulisebrTa

wylis obieqti), >28 ºC (kobrisebrTa wylis obieqti)

- maqs. zamTris temperatura >10 ºC (oragulisebrTa

wylis obieqti), >10 ºC (kobrisebrTa wylis obieqti)

- maqsimaluri dasaSvebi gaTboba: 1.5 K (oragulisebrTa

wylis obieqti), 3.0 K (kobrisebrTa wylis obieqti)

saSualo: Cl= 400 mg/l

morfologia • wylis arealis Seswavla – mimoxilvis meTodi: mdinaris

distanciis 30%-ze meti menejmentis erTeulis SigniT

mimoixileba struqturuli xarisxis klasebiT 6 an 7

nawilisaTvis “mdinaris kalapoti (rac Sedgeba Semdegi

parametrebisagan:

- daklakniloba

- napiris fiqsacia

- anTropogenuri barierebi

- wylis dinebis regulacia

- napiris mcenareuloba

• mdinaris uwyvetobis darRveva (anTropogenuri barierebi,

ukudineba) > 30% nakadis qselis

literatura

“Kriterien zur Ehrebung von signifikanten Belastungen und Beurteilung ihrer Auswirkungen und zur termingerschten und

aussagerkraftigen Berichterstattung an die EU-Kommission”, germaniis wylis mdgomareobis samuSao

jgufis strategiuli dokumenti (LAWA), 2002; ena: germanuli

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instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

kontaqti damatebiTi informaciisaTvis

Germany, Landerarbeitsgemeinschaft Wasser (www.lawa.de)

amJamad ong>ofong>isis misamarTia: Niedersachsisches Umweltministerium,Archivstraße 2,30169 Hannover

lawa@mu.niedersachsen.de

dasaxeleba No: 14

SemTxvevis ganxilva „Große Aue“ – mdinaris auzis menejmentis gegmis SemuSaveba

wyalSemkrebi auzisaTvis „Große Aue“ mdinare veseris auzis raionis SigniT

zewolis tipi:

urbanuli gamoyong>ofong>a, miwis gamoyeneba, wylis nakadis regulacia

zegavlenis tipi:

urbanuli gamoyong>ofong>a, miwis gamoyeneba: gazrdili gadatanebi, saprobiuli statusis cvlileba

wylis dinebis regulacia: morfologiuri cvlilebebi, migraciuli barierebi

analizis tipi an meTodi:

urbanuli gamoyong>ofong>a, miwis gamoyeneba: wylis gamwmendi danadgarebis da kombinirebuli

wvimis wylis gamoyong>ofong>is monitoringi, CORINE mcenareuli safaris monacemTa Sefaseba.

kombinirebuli Sefaseba wertilovani wyaroebis da difuzuri wyaroebis azotisa da

fosforis arsebobaze masis balansis modelis statistikur meTodad gamoyenebiT

(MOBINEG).

wylis dinebis regulacia: mdinaris arealis mimoxilvis ori gza.

saWiro informacia da monacemebi:

urbanuli gamoyong>ofong>a: monacemTa wyaroebi: StUA (garemos uflebamosili organo) MmindenSi

(CrdiloeT reini-vestfalia); mTavroba (regionaluri mTavroba) hanoverSi (qvemo saqsonia):

• TviTkontroli monacemTa nakrebiT romelic damokidebulia wylis gamwmendi

danadgarebis zomaze;

ong>ofong>icialurad kontroldeba weliwadSi 4-jer

miwis gamoyeneba: monacemTa wyaroebi: statistikis federaluri saagento, romelic emyareba

monacemebs:

• CrdiloeT reini-vestfaliis sasong>ofong>losameurneo administraciisa;

• qvemo saqsoniis sasong>ofong>losameurneo administraciisa.

wylis dinebis regulacia: mdinaris arealis mimoxilva

• mdinaris arealis mimoxilva CrdiloeT reini-vestfaliaSi: operacionaluri

detaluri Sefaseba; damyarebuli lokalizaciis codnaze; masStabi 100m

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instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

• mdinaris arealis mimoxilva qvemo saqsoniaSi: ganxilvis meTodi; damyarebulia

rukebze, haeridan xedze, Segrovebul monacemebze; masStabi:1000 m.

mokle aRwera naxatebis CaTvliT

wylis CarCo direqtivis implementaciis am piloturi proeqtis mizani iyo:

• mamoZravebeli Zalebisa da zewolebis gamokvleva wyalSemkreb auzSi „Große Aue“

(CrdiloeT germaniis dablobebi) zedapiruli da miwisqveSa wylis obieqtebisaTvis;

• gazomvis programis magaliTis Seqmna ekologiuri statusis samizne maCveneblebis

misaRwevad;

• monacemTa mowodebis, organizaciisa da interpretaciisaTvis saorientacio

instruqciis Seqmna.

mTavar zewolebad identificirebuli iqna urbanuli gamoyong>ofong>a (wertilovani wyaroebi),

miwis gamoyeneba (difuzuri wyaroebi) da wylis dinebis regulacia. wertilovani da

difuzuri wyaroebis rolis Sefaseba nutrientebis – azotis da fosforis SetanaSi

zedapirul wylebSi, gamoyenebuli iyo masis dabalansebuli modeli MOBINEG. am meTodiT

mkafiod SeiZleba gamoisaxos wyaroebis efeqtebi:

naxati 1. N-gadatana wertilovani da difuzuri wyaroebidan mdinaris „Große

Aue”wyalSemkreb auzSi

N-gadatana t/a

wertilovani wyaroebi

difuzuri wyaroebi

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169

instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

difuzuri gamoyong>ofong>is TvalsazrisiT miwis damuSavebuli teritoriebi warmoadgenen ZiriTad

wyaroebs. zedapiruli wylis obieqtebSi azotis difuzuri gamoyong>ofong>is 90% modis miwis

damuSavebul teritoriebze.

naxati 2. cnobili difuzuri wyaroebis procentuli ganawileba N-gadatanis TvalsazrisiT

mdinare „Große Aue”wyalSemkreb auzSi

damuSavebuli miwa 87%

mindvrebi 4%

tye 2%

song>ofong>lebi 0,22 %

pirdapiri gamoyong>ofong>a 2%

erozia 5%

„Große Aue” SemTxvevis Seswavlis procesSi Catarda mdinaris „Große Aue” florisa da faunis

gamokvlevebi da aseve sxva kvlevebic. arsebuli kompozicia saxeobebisa miuTiTebs garkveul

naklebobaze adgilobrivi saxeobebisa da migratori Tevzebisa, rac Sedegia mdinaris

uwyvetobis darRvevisa da hidromorfologiuri cvlilebebisa (nakadis regulacia,

wyaldidobebisagan dacva). mdinaris arealis mimoxilvis Sedegebi rukis saxiT aris

warmodgenili da Seicavs aseve informacias migraciuli barierebis Sesaxeb.

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instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

naxati 3. mdinaris arealis mimoxilvis Sedegebi

germaniaSi mniSvnelovani zewolebis Seswavlisa da maTi zegavlenebis Sefasebis mizniT

wylis saxelmwifo samuSao jgufma (LAWA) SeimuSava efeqturi strategiuli dokumenti.

mizani aris efeqturi procedura, romelic aris SeTanxmebuli yvela qveynis mier, reestris

SesamuSaveblad wylis CarCo direqtivis danarTi II-is Sesabamisad, 2004 wlis bolosaTvis.

pirveladi

monacemebi wylis obieqtis statusis Sesaxeb (saprobiuli statusi, trong>ofong>ikuli statusi,

fizikur-qimiuri nivTierebebi, wylis obieqtis struqtura) unda iqnas gaTvaliswinebuli

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa Sefasebisas da unda iyos gansjili xarisxis moTxovnebis da

agregaciis kriteriumebis Sesabamisad. strategiuli dokumentis sacdeli gamoyeneba ukve

moxda pilotur proeqtebSi “Große Aue”.

literatura

Kurzfassung “Modellhafte Erstellung eines Bewirtschaftungsplanes am Beispeil des Teileinzugsgebietes Große Aue im

Flussgebeit Wester. Tebervali 2001, ena: germanuli

http://www.bezirksregierung-hannover.de/0,,C40033_N5205_L20,00.html

kontaqti damatebiTi informaciisaTvis

Bezirksregierung Hannover, Lower saxony, Am Waterlooplatz 11; 30169

Hannover, GERMANY; e-mail: dezernatspostfach-502@br-h.niedersachen.de

sakontaqto pirebi: Hans-Wilhelm Thieding, phone: .. 49-(0)511-106-7792, Jens Becker, phone: .. 49-(0)511-106-

7784, Fax:.. 49-(0)511-106-7586

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instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

dasaxeleba No: 15

piloturi proeqti “Sua reini”: mdinaris auzis menejmentis gegmis SemuSaveba

zegavlenis tipi:

arealis cvlilebebi, hidrologiuri reJimis modong>ofong>ikaciebi

zewolis tipi:

difuzuri wyaroebi, wylis nakadis regulacia, morfologiuri cvlilebebi

analizis tipi an meTodi:

emisiis da wylis obieqtis statusis Sesaxeb arsebuli monacemebis analizi, dabalansebis

modelebi, zegavlenaTa analizi xarisxis maCveneblebze da zRvrul mniSvnelobebze

dayrdnobiT, saeqsperto codna.

saWiro informacia da monacemebi:

wylis obieqtis statusis monacemebi (fizikur-qimiuri sazomebi, wylis xarisxi da wylis

obieqtis struqtura), monacemebi wylis abstraqciaze, wylebis struqturuli statusi

mokle aRwera naxatebis CaTvliT

mniSvnelovani zewolebis Seswavlisa da maTi zegavlenebis Sefasebis mizniT LAWA –jgufma

germaniaSi SeimuSava efeqturi strategiuli dokumenti (ix. wina magaliTebi arsebuli

praqtikisa). LAWA –kriteriumebis Sesatyvisi “Sua reinis proeqti” germaniis federaluri

erTeulis Hesse-s da Rhineland-Palatinate-s magaliTze, reestris gamoyenebasTan dakavSirebuli

wylis CarCo direqtivis danarTi II mixedviT, iqneba mocemuli 2004 wlis bolosaTvis. naxati

1 asaxavs proeqtSi ganxilul wyalSemkreb teritorias.

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instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

naxati 1. “Sua reinis” wyalkSemkrebi auzi

arniSnul proeqtSi zogierTi LAWA kriteriumi da maTi kombinacia wertilovan da

difuzur wyaroebTan dakavSirebiT testirebuli iqna 10km2 erTeulebis bazaze. difuzuri

wyaroebis magaliTebi:

• damuSavebuli miwa > 50% (arsebuli monacemi ganxilvis procesSia)

• urbanuli mowa > 15%

• specialuri marcvleulis miwa >5%

• damuSavebuli miwa > 50% da urbanuli miwa > 15%

• damuSavebuli miwa > 50% da specialuri marcvleulis miwa > 5%

• specialuri marcvleulis miwa > 5% da urbanuli miwa > 15%

naxati 2 aCvenebs mniSvnelovan teritoriebs.

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instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

naxati 2. difuzuri wyaroebis TvalsazrisiT mniSvnelovani adgilebi “Sua reinis”

wyalSemkreb auzSi.

emisiis monacemebTan erTad ganixileboda sxva arsebuli monacemebi wylis obieqtis

statusis Sesaxeb (garemos kvlevisas miRebuli). zegavlenaTa Sesafaseblad pirveladi

monacemebi wylis obieqtis statusis Sesaxeb iqna gamoyenebuli. testirebuli iqna LAWA-s

wina kriteriumebi mdinaris ganxiluli distanciebis morfologiasTan mimarTebaSi (nakadis

arealis mimoxilva – germaniis mcire da saSualo zomis wylebis meTodi; LAWA 2000)):

• struqturuli xarisxis klasi > 4 Tavisufal landSaftze (adaptirebuli iqna 3-dan

4-mde)

• struqturuli xarisxis klasi > 5 urbanul adgilebSi.

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instruqcia No 3

zewolaTa da zegavlenaTa analizi

naxati 3: raodenoba mdinaris ganxiluli distanciebisa struqturuli xarisxis klasi > 4

Tavisufal landSaftze an struqturuli xarisxis klasi > 5 urbanul adgilebSi “Sua

reinis” wyalSemkreb auzSi.

literatura

piloturi proeqti “Sua reinis mdinaris auzis menejmenti”: germanuli federaluri

erTeulis Hesse da Rhineland-Palatinate, saerTo proeqtis angariSi, (drafti).

Pilotprojekt “Bewirtschaftungsplan Mittelrhein”, 2. Statusbericht, Teile A und B, Entwurf vom 30.04.2002.

Gemeinschaftsprojekt der Landen hessen und Rheinland-Pfalz, Federfuhrung: Regierungsprasidium Giessen,

Geschaftsstelle Pilotprojekt „Bewirtschaftungsplan Mittelrhein“. ena: germanuli

kontaqti damatebiTi informaciisaTvis

Germany, Regierungsprasidium Gießen, Abt. Staatliches Umweltamt Wetzlar

Geschaftsstelle Pilotprojekt „Bewirtschaftungsplan Mittelrhein“

Schanzenfeldstraße 10/12

D-35578 Wetzlar

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