Prospectus Master's in Photographic Studies 2009-2010 Leiden 2009

Prospectus Master's in Photographic Studies 2009-2010 Leiden 2009


Master’s in Photographic Studies


Leiden 2009

Master’s in Photographic Studies

Rapenburg 38

2311 EX Leiden

Post Box 9500

2300 RA Leiden | The Netherlands

T 071 527 18 05

F 071 527 18 08



This prospectus has been prepared with all possible care. However, no legal claims can be

based upon the text. Information subject to change.


1. Master’s in Photographic Studies 5

1.1 Introduction 5

1.2 The collaborating partners 5

1.3 Purpose and organisation of the programme 5

2. The programme as organisation 7

2.1 Institutes 7

2.2 Staff of the Master’s in Photographic Studies 8

2.3 Governance 10

2.3.1 Master’s in Photographic Studies (MaPS) 10

2.3.2 Faculty of Humanities 11

2.4 Course and student administration 11

3. Course and Examination Regulations (OER) and Student Charter 14

4. Admission and achievement levels 15

4.1 Master’s programme 15

4.2 Admission requirements 15

4.3 Achievement levels 16

5. The educational programme 18

5.1 Programme 18

5.2 Electives and internships 27

5.3 Other activities 31

5.4 The Master’s thesis 31

5.5 Graduation 32

6. Supplementary information 34

6.1 Libraries in Leiden 34

6.2 Course-related activities 35

6.3 Important photography institutions and training programmes 36

6.4 Recommended readings for preparation and orientation 37

7. Schedule 39

8. Other sources of information 40

1. Master’s in Photographic Studies

1.1 Introduction

Photography is at the centre of interest today. Photography museums have been

established in Rotterdam, The Hague and Amsterdam, and art museums are paying more

attention to their own photo collections. There are now specialised photography galleries,

and articles on photography regularly appear in the art pages of leading newspapers. As a

result of this increasing attention – both national and international – there is a growing

need for well-trained individuals with specific knowledge who can approach and analyse

photography both as an independent medium and in relation to other disciplines and

media. There is no other programme that focuses so specifically on photography while

maintaining interdisciplinarity, as well as providing academic (intellectual) and curatorial

(practical) training, as the Master’s in Photographic Studies at Leiden University.

1.2 The collaborating partners

The Master’s in Photographic Studies is a special programme within the Faculty of

Humanities. A high degree of cross-disciplinary thinking is encouraged furthermore by

close collaboration with the Department of Art History and other departments of Leiden

University, as well as with the Print Room (Prentenkabinet)/Division of Special Collections

(University Library), which has an important photography collection, and the Royal

Academy of Fine in The Hague. This is expressed in the educational programme, which

strives for integration and the exploration of mutual connections between art and science.

1.3 Purpose and organisation of the programme

The Master’s in Photographic Studies aims to give students a broad academic and socially

engaged orientation on photography. Particular areas of attention are the interdisciplinary

methods of academic study of photography; art historical theories and theories of

photography; the significance of photography as a means of communication and a mass

medium with specific underlying strategies; the interconnections among photography,

visual culture and other forms of visual art; the forms of presentation for photography

(exhibitions, internet, publications, reviews, etc.); photographic practice as research; and

strategies in the field of collecting, conservation and management. As a result of the

increased interest in photography and the growing role that photography plays in society,

there are ever more environments (‘photography worlds’) in which photography can be

investigated. Developments such as digital photography and new media will also be dealt

with in the programme.

The topics listed above will be addressed during lectures, seminars and as part of

independent study, based on various types of objects such as photographs and

photographic objects; historic and contemporary photographic sources; the history of


photography and photo criticism. The outcome of this study will be reflected in term

papers and other written projects, discussions, case studies, portfolios, exhibition and

website proposals, and photo-historical essays.

This foundation of knowledge, skills and insight will enable the student to formulate and

seek answers to new questions, and to function with academic integrity within the

professional field (for instance as a photo historian, curator, photographer, visual historian,

critic, photo agency manager, picture editor, or exhibition maker).


2. The programme as organisation

2.1 Institutes

Master’s in Photographic Studies

Faculty of Humanities

Rapenburg 38, 2311 EX Leiden

Post Box 9500, 2300 RA Leiden

Study coordinator: t.b.a.

Secretariat: Marijke Hamel

Telephone: +31 (0)71 527 18 05, e-mail:

Hours: Monday through Friday, 9:00 a.m.-2:00 p.m.


Department of Art History

Dr. Kitty Zijlmans (Professor of modern visual art and photography)

Doelensteeg 16, 2311 VL Leiden (room: 1174-214)

Telephone: +31 (0)71 527 26 48, e-mail: and


Royal Academy of Fine Arts

Prinsessegracht 4, 2514 AN The Hague

Telephone: +31 (0)70 315 47 77


Print Room (Prentenkabinet)/Division of Special Collections, University Library

Maartje van den Heuvel MA (Curator of the photography collection)

Telephone: +31 (0)71 527 27 92, e-mail:

Joke Pronk (assistant curator)

Telephone: +31 (0)71 527 27 95, e-mail:

Witte Singel 27, 2311 BG Leiden

Internet: (> Bijzondere Collecties)

2.2 Staff of the Master’s in Photographic Studies

- Prof. Dr. Susan Meiselas

Professor in Photography

256 Mott Street

NY 10012 New York, USA



Susan Meiselas received her Master’s in Visual Education from Harvard University (USA)

in 1971. Her first photo book, Carnival Strippers, appeared in 1976. She became a member

of the photographers’ collective Magnum Photos in that same year, and has worked as a

freelance photographer since then. She is well known for her photographs of the

Nicaraguan insurrection, her documentation of human rights issues in Latin America, and

her projects Kurdistan: In the Shadow of History (1997, reprinted 2008) and Encounters

with the Dani (2003). In addition to her work as an editor and her contributions to

numerous photo books, Meiselas has had various solo exhibitions in Rotterdam, Paris,

Madrid, Amsterdam, Los Angeles, London, Chicago and New York. She has taught at the

University of California, Berkeley and has received two honorary doctorates. Her

photographs are included in several international collections and she has received a

number of renowned prizes. Her chair at Leiden is sponsored by the Nederlands

Fotomuseum in Rotterdam.

- Dr. Rachel Esner

Lecturer in Photography

Chair of the Master’s in Photographic Studies

Rapenburg 38, 2311 EX Leiden

Telephone: +31 (0)71 527 30 35/18 05


Rachel Esner is an art historian lecturing in modern art and the history of photography. Her

interests focus on the history and theory of documentary photography from the

nineteenth century to today, on questions of the relationship between photography and

art, and on issues of the institutionalization of photography through museum and

curatorial practice.

- Tineke de Ruiter, MA

Lecturer in Photography and Applied Arts

Doelensteeg 16, 2311 VL Leiden (room: 1174-220b)

Telephone: +31 (0)71 527 27 52


Tineke de Ruiter is an art historian and is affiliated with the Department of Art History and

the Master’s in Photographic Studies as a lecturer in Modern Visual Arts and Photography.

She is researching the photographic oeuvre of the painter George Hendrik Breitner. De

Ruiter is a board member of the Stichting Fonds Anna Cornelis (chair) as well as FOAM,


- Bas Vroege

Coordinator Curatorial Training Programme

KABK, Prinsessegracht 4, 2514 AN The Hague

Telephone: +31 (0)70 315 47 77/(0)299 31 50 83


Bas Vroege studied economics at Erasmus University Rotterdam and photography at St.

Joost Academy in Breda. From 1981-1993 he was director of Perspektief, centre for


photography in Rotterdam and the Fotografie Biënnale Rotterdam (1988-1992). Since 1993

he is director of Paradox, which produces photography-related projects driven by a social

agenda. As a curator, Bas Vroege has been responsible for a number of cross-media festivals

and exhibitions. As an advisor he has worked for several institutions such as the

Mondriaan Foundation (1993-1995) and the MFA photography programme at St. Joost

Academy in Breda (1999-2002). He is a member of the Supervisory Board of World Press

Photo, Amsterdam, and member of the Advisory Board of Three Shadows Photography Art

Centre, Beijing. He has recently taken up photography again and is currently working on

the collaborative project Oswiecim Now, dealing with the post-war period of the Polish

town of Oswiecim (Auschwitz), to be published early 2010.

- Dr. Helen Westgeest

Lecturer in Modern Visual Art and Photography

Doelensteeg 16, 2311 VL Leiden (room: 1174-215a)

Telephone: +31 (0)71 527 27 44


Helen Westgeest is an art historian and is affiliated with the Department of Art History and

the Master’s in Photographic Studies as a lecturer in Modern and Contemporary Art

History and Theories of Photography. Since receiving her doctorate in 1996 her

investigations have shifted via the work of the Japanese photographer Miyamoto Ryuji to

the theory of photography and especially the role and nature of photography in

multimedia works of art. She participates in several international research projects. She has

(co-)edited and contributed to numerous publications on photography, including

Photography between Poetry and Politics (2008); Take Place. Photography and the Concept

of Place from a Multimedial Perspective (2009); and The Photographic Medium in

Contemporary Art. Theories in Historical Perspective (forthcoming 2010).

Study coordinator: t.b.a.

Rapenburg 38, 2311 EX Leiden

Telephone: +31 (0)71 527 18 05


2.3 Governance

2.3.1 Master’s in Photographic Studies (MaPS)

The Master’s in Photographic Studies is part of the Faculty of Humanities. The department

has a Departmental Administration (OLB) of three members, one of whom is a student. In

addition there is also an admissions committee, an examination committee and a teaching

committee (OLC).

Departmental Administration (OLB)

The Departmental Administration is charged with the organisation of the department’s

educational programme and is responsible for the smooth operation of the department in


general. The chairman is named by the Faculty Board; the Departmental Administration

chooses a secretary from its own members.

Chairperson: Dr. Rachel Esner.

Member from academic staff: Dr. Helen Westgeest.

Student member: changes annually.

Admissions committee

The admissions committee is concerned with the admission of students. Members of the

academic staff: Dr. Rachel Esner, Tineke de Ruiter, MA, Bas Vroege, Dr. Helen Westgeest.

Advisory member: Study coordinator, t.b.a.

Examination committee

The examination committee is charged with organising preliminary and final

examinations. In addition the committee handles complaints about preliminary

examinations and other requests from students (regulations, exemptions, etc.). All the

lecturers involved in the department are part of the examination committee.

Members from the academic staff: Dr. Rachel Esner, Tineke de Ruiter, MA, Bas Vroege, Dr.

Helen Westgeest.

Advisory member: Study coordinator, t.b.a.

Teaching committee (OLC)

For students, the OLC, half of which is composed of students, is the most important

advisory body. Through the OLC they can exercise influence on all aspects of the

educational process, such as implementation, structure, evaluation, etc. Constructive

criticism and complaints brought to the OLC can lead to the requisite improvements. The

student members of the OLC are elected for one year. Their term of office runs from

October 15 th through October 14 th the following year. Students may both run and vote in

the elections.

The committee has four members: a maximum of two staff members and a maximum of

two student members.

Members from the academic staff: Dr. Rachel Esner and Tineke de Ruiter MA.

Student members: membership changes annually (October 15 th to October 14 th ).

Advisory member: Study coordinator, t.b.a.

2.3.2 Faculty of Humanities

Faculty board

The board of the Faculty of Humanities is responsible for the general direction of the

programme. The faculty board is comprised of Prof. Dr. Wim van den Doel, Dr. Arie

Verhagen, Jolanda Riel, MA, and a student member (changes annually). The secretary of the

board is Sander Bos, MA.

The student member can be reached by e-mail at:

2.4 Course and student administration



The study load is expressed with the aid of the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS). At

all universities students receive ECTS for successfully completing courses in the

programme of studies.

Study load

Students devote 42 weeks per year to their studies, at forty hours per week. A study year

thus comes to 1680 study hours, which equals 60 ECTS. One ECTS represents 28 study-load

hours. For a course of 10 ECTS, a full time student will work for seven weeks of 40 hours

per week, preparing for and participating in seminars, reading literature, gaining workstudy

experience or preparing assignments, and studying for tests. The preparation time

per contact hour for a formal lecture is one hour per contact hour, for a seminar two hours

per contact hour. A student is assumed to study 5-15 pages of specialist literature per hour,

depending on its difficulty; thus 28 hours of study load, or 1 ECTS, is about 140-300 pages of

specialist literature.


The student’s knowledge will be tested by means of in-class or take-home exams, written

papers, practical assignments and term papers.

Records of test results

All study results are included in the computerised study progress registration system ISIS/

S&S. The department makes use of a number of fixed subject codes that correspond to the

classes completed. Students can view their results via U-Twist:

Papers and other written assignments are dated on the day that the instructors or thesis

supervisors award the grade. Instructors are required to perform their corrections in a

timely manner (within fifteen workdays) and pass the results on directly to the office of the

secretary. Until thirty days after announcement of the result of the written exams students

can see judged work at their request.

Students who take electives at other Dutch or foreign universities as part of their Master’s

(only with the approval of the Examination committee) should request their marks

themselves and forward these as quickly as possible to the secretariat of the Master’s in

Photographic Studies.


The Master’s in Photographic Studies makes use of the electronic learning environment

Blackboard. Students and instructors can communicate with one another through this

platform, via the internet. The home page for Blackboard is: The Study coordinator of the Master’s programme reports

the identity of all students and lecturers involved to Blackboard, and with the use of a

password students can visit the website. The use of Blackboard will differ from one part of

the programme to another and depends on the instructor involved and the subject matter.


E-mail correspondence among instructors, the Study coordinator and students takes place

via U-mail. Each student at Leiden University has an U-mail account, consisting of their

own initials and last name, followed by On the home page,, you can forward your U-mail on to your own e-mail address via


mailforwarding. Please note: staff and instructors will only communicate with you

through U-mail. No private addresses will be used.

Student obligation

In case of a structural set-back in health or because of other special personal circumstances,

a student has the obligation to inform the Study coordinator.

Costs 2009-2010

Tuition Fees for Dutch, EU/EEA, Swiss and Surinamese nationals:

statutory tuition fees for students aged under 30: € 1.620,- (2009-2010)

institutional fee for students aged 30 and over: circa € 2.150,- (2009-2010).

Tuition Fees for International Students who are not from EU/EEA/Switzerland/Surinam:

€ 13,750 p/y (2009-2010).

Statutory tuition fees

* The Dutch Ministry of Education regulates the tuition fees for Dutch students under the

age of 30 for all programmes that have been approved for government funding. Under

Dutch law the age of the student on September 1 st (start of the academic year) determines

the fee to be paid by the student for that academic year. A student who reaches the age of

30 on September 1 st (2009) is required to pay the amount of (circa) € 2.150,- for the

academic year 2009-2010.

Other costs

- Costs of the admission package (containing 2 CD-ROMS with assignments): € 49, 95.

- Costs of material(s) for the practical part of the programme (e.g. workshops with Susan

Meiselas): € 30,- to € 70,-. This amount includes a facility card of the Royal Academy of Fine

Arts to borrow a camera (without memory card!), laptop or other materials at the Uitleen

or to make photocopies.

Books and other study materials: € 250,- to € 300,-.


3. Course and Examination Regulations (OER) and Student Charter

Every course of study has a Course and Examination Regulations (an OER) that is drawn up

for it in accordance with Article 7.13 of the Higher Education and Scientific Research Act

(WHW). Among the issues described in it are the purpose and achievement levels of the

course, the educational programme, the regulations surrounding tests and final

examinations, admission requirements and the supervision for students. In the appendices

to the OER one also finds the rules governing the Master’s thesis, examination results and

honours, evaluation, etc. The Course and Examination Regulations for the course of study

can be found at

The Student Charter informs students at Leiden of what they can expect from the

University and what the University expects of them. This Charter is essentially a collection

of all the rights and obligations of students, but also indicates what University facilities

there are for students. Moreover, it includes a summary of the legal protections students


Organisation of the charter

The Charter consists of two parts. The institutional part, which is the same for every

student, is found on The departmental section,

which is intended for students in a particular course of study, is published on the website.


The Student Charter applies exclusively to students at Leiden University.

Relation with the WHW and University regulations

This Charter is the Student Charter as intended in Art. 7.59 of the Higher Education and

Scientific Research Act (WHW).

The University is obligated to carry out the provisions of the Student Charter. To an extent,

it lists rights and obligations that are stipulated by law. An overview of the relevant legal

and University regulations can be found in the first chapter. The University regulations are

also available for examination at the Plexus Informatie Trefpunt Studenten (PITSstop) in

the Student Information Centre.

If necessary, compliance to the regulations can be enforced by complaint and appeals



Student Centre Plexus

Kaiserstraat 25, Leiden

Telephone: +31 (0)71 527 80 25, e-mail:



4. Admission and achievement levels

4.1 Master’s programme

As a result of their methodological foundation in a particular branch of knowledge and

anchorage in academic research, Master’s programmes have an academic character. A

Master’s can be broad or highly specialised in nature. However, in terms of the end level it

brings the student to the forefront of his or her field. This implies that the student will be

acquainted with the latest advances in scholarly thinking.

The Master’s in Photographic Studies combines this academic orientation with

professional practice. The title obtained upon its completion is that of Master’s in

Photographic Studies: Master of Arts (MA), with, as the specialised field, Photographic

Studies. On the basis of the completed Master’s course, the student can qualify for a

doctoral programme. The instructors can provide more information on this.

4.2 Admission requirements

A bachelor’s degree in art history, cultural studies, visual anthropology, media studies or a

related academic discipline or a degree from an arts academy (BFA or MFA) is required in

order to be considered for the programme. See also:

It is expected of aspiring students that they have insight into the medium, that they are

able to deal with information in a scholarly manner, and that they have some personal

experience with photography. For the admission procedure candidates must do the


1. submit a CV and a letter explaining their motivation and reasons for wishing to join the

Master’s programme;

2. write an essay based on a reader with academic articles on photography assembled by

the lecturers in the Master’s in Photographic Studies programme so that the

Admissions committee can assess whether the aspiring student has achieved an

adequate academic level;

3. choose from a CD-ROM file of over ninety photographs and assemble a photographic

visual account according to his or her own insights. The selection should be

accompanied by a short written justification explaining the criteria that were employed

in the process.

On the basis of the application materials students may be selected for an interview. This

interview represents a continuation of the application process; if you are not invited, your

application has been rejected. Final admission is based on the quality of the essay and

photo selection, and the interview with the admission committee, in which the aspiring

student also presents the visual account he or she put together. Interviews will be held in

March, June and August 2009.


Please note that it is possible to start the MA programme in February as well as September.

Should you choose to begin in February, please contact the programme chair, Dr. Rachel

Esner, at an early stage, as a special programme will have to be developed for you.

4.3 Achievement levels

The Master’s in Photographic Studies has the following objectives:

- broadening and deepening of knowledge, insight, skills and use of methodology in the

area of Photographic Studies;

- furtherance of academic and professional training;

- preparation for an academic career and/or post-graduate education;

- preparation for a professional career as a photo historian, visual historian, curator,

critic, photographer, photo agency manager, editor or exhibition maker.

The following achievement levels apply with regard to the Master’s in Photographic


The Master in Photographic Studies has gained knowledge of and insight into:

- the contextualization and principles of photography as a part of art history, visual

culture, and media studies;

- the analysis and interpretation of form, function and content of artefacts (in particular,

photographs, photographic objects) and of the environments in which photography is


- insight into the function of photography, also in relation to the transformations in art

and culture and the processes of commercialisation, digitisation, and the

institutionalisation of the medium;

- the social relevance and cultural history of the profession;

- the methodologies and research methods employed in the academic study of


- the methods and evolution of theory in the history of photography;

- the history of professionalism and the changing professional notions on photography,

and the most important theoretical approaches;

- the use and application of methods and theories;

- the methodological positioning of one’s own research;

- the materials and techniques used in professional photographic practice.

The Master in Photographic Studies possesses the following academic and professional


- is able to visually analyse and, on the basis of academic insights and concepts, able to

describe, arrange and compare photographs, photographic objects and environments

in which photography is presented;

- with minimal supervision, is able to independently plan and carry out a research

project (formulating a research question, establishing the phases of research, and



- is able to carry out independent academic study and to interpret artefacts with the aid

of relevant sources, specialist literature and the language specific to the field; and to

reflect critically on the knowledge and insights incorporated in this;

- is able to present research results clearly, orally or in writing, with accompanying


- has knowledge of, and is able to work independently within the art and photohistorical

apparatus, such as libraries, photo and slide collections, archives,

computerised information systems an other documentation resources;

- has practical experience with photography (both analogue and digital), assembling

exhibitions, writing reviews of various forms of photographic expression, writing up

project proposals for grant requests. This hands-on experience is aimed at achieving a

real integration of the historical, theoretical, methodological, museological and medial

thought in the field of photographic research.

Summarised in general academic achievement levels, the following elements elucidate the

academic character of the Master’s programme:

Academic knowledge

The student has insight into the manner in which academic knowledge is acquired and is

well informed about most recent advances in at least one aspect of the discipline of

Photographic Studies, and, on the basis of these insights, has learned the skills for

independently keeping up with progress in this discipline.

Research methods

During the course of study the student engages in exercises in scholarly research methods

in the field of study involved. The Master’s thesis serves to demonstrate that the student

has mastered the required steps in an academic exercise and the application of scholarly

methods in the discipline of Photographic Studies. That is to say: in independent research

on a sub-problem, he or she can apply the knowledge acquired and the analytical methods

of the discipline to a question, bring the research to a successful result, and defend the


Academic skills

The student is trained in academic skills such as analysing complex problems; critically

evaluating academic publications; carrying out theoretical and empirical research and

reporting in written form; the oral presentation of research; the extraction and formulation

of research questions; and the generation of new points of view in existing discussions.


5. The educational programme

5.1 Programme

The educational programme in the Master’s in Photographic Studies is divided over two

semesters (see chart).

N.B. Language of instruction in all courses is English. Students may write their papers,

thesis, etc. in English or Dutch.

Course ECTS level

First semester

Workshop 1 P/F 400

(Lecture) Histories and Theories of Photography 5 500

(Seminar) The Photograph as Document 5 500

(Seminar) Historiographies of Photography 5 500

(Seminar) Theories of Photography 5 500

Curatorial Training Program 9 400

Second semester

Workshop 2 3 400

Critical Writing 3 400

Elective or internship or collaborative project 10 400

Thesis 15 600


Course code: KPS0901

Title: Workshop 1

Description: The student will gain skills in techniques and material used in

photographic practice. Project based learning how to describe, select

and sequence photographs and create narrative structures with selfmade

images and found photographs. This production workshop is

about engagement through making pictures, editing and sequencing


Instructor: Prof. Dr. Susan Meiselas.

Method of Group guidance and individual supervision.


Level: 400.




Depending on the chosen topic.




Time table:


A series of sequenced photographs and text or sound fully presented in

design suitable for projection, publication or presentation in an

exhibition space.

Please note that students will be awarded a pass/fail for this class rather

than ECTS.

First term. Starting August 31st (five days in total), followed by

reflection on the workshop, discussion and a series of individual initial

talks on internship and pre-thesis work in the Fall.

Study coordinator, t.b.a.

Telephone: +31 (0)71 527 18 05, e-mail:

Course code: KPS0802


Histories and Theories of Photography

Description: This series of lectures will provide students with an introduction to the

histories and theories of photography from its invention to today.

Upon completion of this module, students will be able to identify not

only individual photographers and photographic projects, but also

major issues in photography history and theory. Among the questions

addressed will be the photograph as document and the photograph as

art form; photography’s medium specificity and self-reflexivity;

problems of truth and representation; the photograph as object; and

the uses and functions of photography. Students will become aware of

the intrinsically interdisciplinary nature of photography and its

relation to fields such as art, sciences, literature and film.

Instructors: Dr. Rachel Esner; Tineke de Ruiter, MA; Dr. Helen Westgeest

Method of Lectures. The course is divided into three blocks of four lectures, each

instruction: given by one of the instructors: The Photograph as Document (Dr.

Rachel Esner); The Photograph and/as Art (Tineke de Ruiter, MA);

Theories of Photography (Dr. Helen Westgeest).

Level: 500.




- Mary Warner Marien, Photography: A Cultural History,.2nd ed.,

material: Upper Saddle River, New York: Pearson Prentice Hall 2006.

- Alan Trachtenberg, Classic Essays on Photography. New Haven, Conn:

Leet’s Island Books 1981.

- Purchased reader

Examination: Final (in-class) exam.

Time table: First term. Classes will begin on 8 September and run until 15

December (11 a.m. – 1 p.m.). Room to be announced.

Information: Dr. Rachel Esner, telephone: +31 (0) 71 527 30 35, e-mail:

Course code:




The Photograph as Document

Each of the four seminar meetings will look closely at one aspect

treated in the lecture series Histories and Theories of Photography

(Course code: KPS0802). The focus of this seminar will be the role of



Method of


Level: 500.





Time table:


photography in the formation and maintenance of ideologies and

power relations, the function of photography, and issues of

representation, the media and the archive.

Dr. Rachel Esner



- Purchased reader

Written and/or oral interim assignments, final assignment. For the

assignments and specific instructions see the syllabus supplied by the


8 September-29 September (2:00-4:00 p.m.). Print Room

(Prentenkabinet), University Library.

Dr. Rachel Esner, telephone: +31 (0) 71 527 30 35, e-mail:

Course code: KPS0803


Historiographies of Photography

Content: Each of the four seminar meetings will look closely at one aspect

treated in the lecture series Histories and Theories of Photography

(Course code: KPS0802). The focus of this seminar will be the origins

and development of the historiography of photography. Students will

become acquainted with the most important historiographic

approaches to photography.

Instructor: Tineke de Ruiter, MA

Method of Seminar.


Level: 500.



- Purchased reader




Time table:


Written and/or oral interim assignments, final assignment. For the

assignments and specific instructions see the syllabus supplied by the


13 October-10 November (2:00-4:00 p.m.). Print Room (Prentenkabinet),

University Library.

Tineke de Ruiter, MA, telephone: +31(0)71 527 27 52, e-mail:

Course code:




Theories of photography

The four seminar sessions will deal more in-depth with the texts

discussed in the lecture series Histories and Theories of Photography

(Course code: KPS0802). On the basis of these texts, research questions

will be formulated by the participants in order to gain practice in the

use of texts and theories as research tools and material.


Instructor: Dr. Helen Westgeest

Method of Seminar.


Level: 500.



- Purchased reader




Time table:


Written and/or oral interim assignments, final assignment. For the

assignments and specific instructions see the syllabus supplied by the


24 November-15 December (2:00-4:00 p.m.). Print Room

(Prentenkabinet), University Library.

Dr. Helen Westgeest, telephone: +31 (0) 71 527 27 44, e-mail:

Course code: KPS0806


Curatorial Training Programme

Content: The Curatorial Training Programme (CTP) introduces students to the

current practice of museum curators and exhibition makers in the field

of photography. Meetings with photographers, curators, designers and

funders will provide insight into diverse aspects of curatorial work in a

variety of platforms and media (museums, internet, book production).

Practical knowledge will be gained through interim projects and

assignments focusing on the curator’s many but integrated tasks.

Instructors: Bas Vroege

Method of Seminar and practicum.


Level: 400.




- Henk van Os , ‘Slechts drie maanden de Nachtwacht. De hamster, de

material: exhibitionist, de demonstrator, de smaakbevestiger en de vertoner: een

typologie van de makers van tentoonstellingen voor musea’, in: De

Groene Amsterdammer, November 26, 2004 (


- Bas Vroege, ‘The future of photography – the future looks bright / the

future looks cumbersome’, in: Roberta Valtorta (ed.), È contemporanea

la fotografia? Milan: Museo di Fotografia Contemporanea, 2004


- Mary Anne Staniszewski, The power of display. A history of

exhibition installations at the Museum of Modern Art, Cambridge:

MIT Press, 1998. (Chapters 1, 2 & 4).

- Additional literature: to be announced.

Examination: Analysis of photographers’ portfolios and recommendations for

presentation (4 ECTS); presentation of a project for which the

Mondriaan Foundation’s grant conditions and procedures will be taken

as the guidelines. The course requirements are fulfilled by a

presentation of the project (both orally and in written form), comprised

of a comprehensive description of the project, worked out to include


Time table:


the presentation platforms (5 ECTS).

First term. First seminar: Wednesday, September 9 th (10:oo-12:30 a.m.,

2:00-4:30 p.m.) at the building of the Royal Academy of Fine Arts,

Prinsessegracht 4, The Hague.

Bas Vroege, e-mail:

Course code: KPS0808


Critical writing

Content: The writing of short notices and reviews of current events and issues

(exhibitions, festivals, discussions, policy) and publications (photo

books, websites). Articles, journalistic in nature, with the intention of

shaping the opinions of a specific audience, are discussed in individual

and group settings.

Instructor: Dr. Rachel Esner

Method of Seminar.


Level: 400.




To be announced


Examination: The final mark is based on the results of the individual written


Time table: Second term. First meeting: Tuesday, February 9 th 2010 (10:00 a.m.-

13:00 p.m.) at the Print Room (Prentenkabinet), University Library.

Information: Dr. Rachel Esner, telephone: +31 (0) 71 527 30 35, e-mail:

Course code: KPS0902


Workshop 2

Content: Project-based learning. Students prepare a concept, content and model

based on photographic documentation, either originated or archival.

Encouraging cross discipline thinking, interacting with institutions

and colleagues and engagement with the subject is a major focus in the

workshop. Students in this manner become acquainted with the

notion of ‘collaboration’. This workshop may evolve into the elective

spring independent collaborative project. The content may be related

to an internship or be part of pre-thesis work.

Instructor: Prof. Dr. Susan Meiselas.

Method of Instructional group meetings and individual consultations. The

instruction: approach of Workshop 2 is comparable with that of Workshop 1, the

Curatorial Training Programme, the Collaborative project and is

intended to serve as preparation for a visual thesis.

Level: 400.




Graeme Sullivan, Art practice as research: inquiry in the visual arts.

material: Thousands Oaks (CA): Sage Publications, 2005.

Additional literature: to be announced.

Examination: The final work consists of a presentation along with a written concept


Time table:


identifying a model that should include photographs and other visual

materials prepared and designed in a digital form or maquette for a

book. The document should be approximately 600-900 words.

Second term. Starting February 1 st 2010 (five days in total), followed by

reflection on the workshop, discussion and a series of individual

consultations on a collaborative project and/or pre-thesis work in

March and April.

Study coordinator, t.b.a.

Telephone: +31 (0)71 527 18 05, e-mail:

The second semester includes 10 elective ECTS; students are allowed to choose:

1. a collaborative project with Susan Meiselas or

2. an internship or

3. elective courses.

Course code: KPS0809a


Collaborative project

Content: With a collaborative project students are to become acquainted with

the working method of Susan Meiselas, photographer and visual

historian. Regarding the content of the collaborative project, it may be

related to an internship or be part of pre-thesis work. Relevant imageoriented

disciplines and institutions are to take part in the project.

Susan Meiselas will visit The Netherlands two times during the

programme with regard to the collaborative project and discuss:

- proposals and models regarding photographic documentation and the

photo essay;

- work in progress; individual consultations with students;

- final version of collaborative project and assessment.

Instructor: Prof. Dr. Susan Meiselas.

Method of Instructional group meetings and individual. The approach of the

instruction: collaborative project is comparable with that of a workshop and is

intended to serve as preparation for a visual thesis.

Level: 400.


10 ECTS.


Relevant for the chosen topic.


Examination: The examination of this collaborative project consists of a final

presentation and a written document that should include photographs

and prepared and designed in a manner suitable for publication in

either print or digital form. The document should be approximately

4000 words and contain a minimum of 40 images.

Information: Study coordinator, t.b.a.

Telephone: +31 (0)71 527 18 05, e-mail:

Course code:


Aims and




- Acquiring knowledge about and insight into the performance of tasks

and the accompanying personnel functions carried out in the practice



Arranging an





Level: 400.


10 ECTS.



of photography, for instance as a photo historian, curator, critic,

photographic agent, editor or exhibition maker. The purpose is to

initiate and develop contact with the professional field; an internship

helps the student to concretely orient him/herself to professional

practice, but preferably also serves to bring the student into contact

with a research topic for his/her thesis.

Supervision by a member of the staff.

The programme seeks positions for interns in the Netherlands and

other countries, and maintains contact with employers from the art

and cultural sector. A number of intern positions are offered each

academic year, but you may also approach an institution and seek an

internship on your own initiative.

Having found a position, you must then find a staff supervisor and fill

in the required forms, which may be obtained from the Study

coordinator or Programme chair. You will also be required to submit a

detailed internship plan, which has been worked out with the

employing institution. These documents will then need to be approved

by your staff supervisor and/or the Programme chair. If, through any

circumstances, the internship is not applied for and approved in

advance, the Examination committee retains the right to reject the

internship position on grounds of content.

You will be expected to report periodically to your staff supervisor,

with other arrangements for supervision made on an individual basis.

The final evaluation of the internship will be based on the intern’s final

report (see below) and an assessment by the supervisor from the


Students conclude their internship with a report which provides

sufficient insight into the work performed. The report will contain:

- a characterization of the intern’s place of work;

- the motivation for having chosen this internship position;

- daily or weekly reports (maintaining a diary as background for the

preparation of the report is strongly advised);

- an evaluation of the internship: the original plan compared with the

practice and the ultimate results, including an answer to the question

what you have learned during the internship. The work produced or

representative parts thereof should appear as an appendix/appendices.

The internship report must be sent to the institution where the

internship took place and to the staff supervisor. The institution also

produces a written evaluation on the basis of a standardised evaluation

formula, which can be obtained from the Study coordinator or

Programme chair.

Study coordinator, t.b.a.

Telephone: +31 (0)71 527 18 05, e-mail:

Course code:






See 5.2 (Electives) for more information.

Course code: KPS0810


Textual thesis

Content: The programme maintains close contacts with Dutch photography

institutions, publishers and media. They can suggest questions that

require academic research. It is conceivable that the development and

realisation of a project could be done in cooperation with, or on behalf

of an existing organisation. An internship or collaborative project

could be part of the fulfilling of this requirement.

Aims and The general educational aim of a Master’s thesis is to train a student in

objectives: independently organising, carrying out, analysing and reporting on a

theoretical and/or empirical research project involving a subject

relevant to Photographic Studies, making use of relevant publications.

This should add new insights to existing knowledge, and stimulate

innovative research.

The Master’s in Photographic Studies requires preparation of a thesis of

approximately 17.000 words (excluding the notes and bibliography). It

is advisable that the student starts thinking about the thesis topic at an

early stage. In the first semester the choice of a subject will be discussed

during one or more of the group meetings.

Early in the second semester the student is expected to start to work on

the thesis. The thesis should be completed by the end of the second


The Master’s thesis needs to comply to the highest standards of

academic research and scholarship. In various courses offered in the

Master’s programme the student will learn how to conduct research

and to write academic papers. Among the criteria used to evaluate the

thesis are originality, theoretical framework, methodology,

argumentation and scholarly presentation.

Instructor(s): Individual supervision by staff members (depending on research topic).

Method of Tutorial sessions in the form of group guidance (first and second

instruction: semester) and individual supervision by one or more staff members.

Supervision: The instructor should possess expertise in the field of the chosen thesis

subject. The instructor (first reader) has principal responsibility for

guiding the progress of the thesis. A second reader reviews and assesses

the first final draft of the thesis and will work with the supervisor to

determine whether the candidate may begin the graduation procedure.

The final grade will be based on the definitive version of the thesis and

the assessment of both the supervisor and second reader.

Level: 600.


15 ECTS.


Depending on the chosen topic.


Examination: Thesis of approximately 17.000 words (excluding notes and

bibliography). A summary of the thesis (in English, 400 words) should

be added to the actual thesis.

Time table: First and second term.


Course code:



Aims and



Method of




Visual thesis

Students are to write a comprehensive project proposal and attendant

research question, supplemented by a literature review of relevant

work in any discipline related to the topic. This proposal should

demonstrate understanding of the photographic issues related to the

research question.

Scholarly positioning requires continuous dialogue with artistic

practice. In many respects this will result in higher quality, more

collaboration and increased insight. Stimulating interdisciplinary

thinking is an objective of the programme, particularly with regard to

visual anthropology, media studies, visual culture, journalism and


Individual supervision by staff members (depending on research topic).

Individual supervision.

The supervisors (minimum of two) possess expertise in the field into

which the thesis subject falls. The supervisors have joint responsibility

for guiding the progress of the thesis. Together they will review and

assess the final version of the thesis.

Level: 600.


15 ECTS.


Depending on the chosen topic.



Time table:

Criteria for evaluating the visual thesis include: originality, choice of

adequate artistic framework, social relevance, quality of data

collection, sequencing and analysis, and the integration of images and


The final visual thesis should have photographs and texts fully

presented in a design suitable for publication in either print or digital

media. The thesis should include a text of approximately 8,000 words

(excluding notes and bibliography) and a minimum of 40 images, any

specially prepared field notes, a review of relevant literature, and the

original project proposal. A summary of the thesis (in English, 400

words) should be added to the actual thesis.

First and second term.


The level indications of the courses listed above have the following significance:

- level 400: specialised course, characterised by: basic and specialised literature (academic

articles); tested (in part) by means of a written examination, a small research project, a

paper presented orally by the student, or a written term paper;

- level 500: an academically oriented course, characterised by: study of advanced academic

literature in the field, intended for researchers; testing oriented to problem solving, by

means of an oral or written presentation of the student’s own research, with independent

critical handling of the material;


- level 600: highly specialised course, characterised by: current scholarly articles; latest

advances in thinking in the field; independent contribution in which a previously

unresolved problem is dealt with, with oral presentation.

Forms of teaching

The programme consists of a number of modules in which the conveyance of information

takes place in different ways. In general, teaching at the university level takes these forms:

lectures, seminars, practical lessons.


Lectures are intended as an introduction to a specific, often wide-ranging topic, and to

independent research.


In seminars the students are expected to study the subjects largely independently. Students

are expected to take an active part in discussions during the seminar. The testing consists

of preparing a written paper and/or giving a presentation.

Practical lessons

Students become acquainted with the practice of various segments of the profession. They

develop their portfolio or dossier, write articles and/or produce own photographic work,

evaluated by the instructor.


Students are required to be present at all classes, at all levels of study! Missing a class once

without a specific reason is permitted. A second absence is only permitted with a valid

reason, such as illness or pressing family circumstances. In this case, the student should

contact the Study coordinator.

5.2 Electives and internship


The elective option of 10 ECTS can be fulfilled in three ways, namely by participation in a

collaborative project, by taking on an internship, or by taking elective classes. In the latter

case, the student’s choice must be approved by the Examination committee of

Photographic Studies. Give yourself adequate time to consider the content of the elective

option. By doing this, you can make preparations at an early stage, and prevent

disappointment (for example because a class that you wished to take is already full).

You may take elective classes at Leiden University, but also at universities elsewhere in The

Netherlands. Elective classes at art academies may only be taken in addition to the regular

programme of studies, and cannot be considered for fulfilling the elective option.

Electives within the Master’s in Photographic Studies must fulfil a number of



- The electives must be at least at the 400 level. If a class is at the 300 level, but you are

convinced that it fits well with your thesis subject or is highly relevant to your research,

contact the Examination committee of the Master’s in Photographic Studies.

- Electives may only be taken at another university if there is no class on the same subject

offered at Leiden.

- The Examination committee decides if your proposed elective is relevant and fits with the

Master’s programme.

- Taking two electives of 5 ECTS each is permitted, provided the classes are on the 400


Electives at Leiden University

The Keuzevakkengids (Guide to electives) offers an overview of hundreds of elective

classes at Leiden. The 2009-2010 edition can be found at:

Electives outside Leiden University

Search the internet for courses which appear to be of interest. Look, for example, at the

University of Amsterdam’s programme in Art History or Communications Sciences, or

Erasmus University Rotterdam’s Department of Arts and Culture Studies (FHKW). See for

more information: or e-mail: (Prof. Frits Gierstberg,


For advice and guidance contact the Study coordinator.


Taking on an internship is encouraged and can, for example, serve as a preliminary step to

formulating a research project for the Master’s thesis.

Each academic year there are a number of internships offered by the programme, but you

can also seek out an internship on your own initiative by approaching a specific

institution. A selection of Dutch institutions offering internships are listed below. If you

are interested in one of these internships, make contact with the Study coordinator of the

Master’s programme, and make an appointment with the contact person of the institute

involved for an interview. There are only a limited number of places, so don’t delay too


If you have found an internship on your own, be sure the Study coordinator or the

Programme chair regarding the procedures for approval.

Photography Collection of the Print Room (Prentenkabinet)/

Division of Special Collections, University Library Leiden

The photography collection of the Leiden Print Room (Prentenkabinet) is the oldest public

photography collection in the Netherlands. Being an academic collection, it still has a

special position amongst the diverse Dutch photography collections and archives. It

houses the earliest photographic experiments from the times of the invention of

photography, as well as daguerreotypes, ambrotypes and many other intriguing processes.

Themes and currents of twentieth-century photography are also represented, and the


esearch and acquisitions of the Print Room focus also on work of contemporary


Interns in the Print Room are offered the chance to work with rare original historical prints

and objects, but also to research and assist the work of contemporary photographers and

artists. They become acquainted with various museological tasks and responsibilities of the

photography curator. These include collecting, restoration, conservation, executing

inventories, evaluating photographs for content and financial value, and dealing with

rights and loans. Creating access to the collection by appointing meaning to images and

digitisation are also dealt with, as well as initiating research, exhibitions and publications

with the collection as starting point.

For a comprehensive description of the intern’s responsibilities and upcoming projects,

contact: Maartje van den Heuvel MA (Photography curator), telephone: +31 (0)71 527 27 92,


The Hague Museum of Photography (Fotomuseum Den Haag)

The Hague Museum of Photography offers consecutive internships for students from the

Master’s in Photographic Studies.

For a comprehensive description of the intern’s responsibilities and upcoming projects,

contact Wim van Sinderen, telephone: +31 (0)70 338 11 39, e-mail:

Nederlands Fotomuseum

The Nederlands Fotomuseum, located in Rotterdam, is a national centre of excellence for

photography. The museum regards photography as a medium with social and artistic

functions. As a result, the museum works in a broad and varied field, which includes

contemporary and historic photography, professional and amateur photography, through

to photography as a component of visual culture. With its collections, the Nederlands

Fotomuseum administers an important part of the Fotocollectie Nederland. The museum

offers knowledge of, insight into and experience with the countless branches of

photography, both to the interested public and professionals. With its programme of

presentations, education, discussions, research, making its collections accessible,

conservation and restoration and other activities, the museum seeks to: spot and highlight

current developments in photography; deepen thinking about the medium; fill in blank

spaces in the history of photography, and increase knowledge about the management and

administration of photography.

For a comprehensive description of the intern’s responsibilities and upcoming projects,

contact Gerda Mulder (head, General Affairs), Wilhelminakade 332, 3072 AR Rotterdam, e-


Spaarnestad Photo

Spaarnestad Photo in Haarlem is the biggest photo archive in the Netherlands. With over

240 different collections and 11 million items, Spaarnestad Photo concentrates on Dutch

press photo archives that have now become redundant. The collection is unique, not only

because it contains (inter)national (news) photography dating from the late nineteenth to

the twenty-first century from all kinds of sources, but also because of the vastness of the

subjects it covers. Research into the collections is still in its infancy, so there are many

opportunities for interns.


For a comprehensive description of the intern’s responsibilities and upcoming projects,

contact Freek Baars (chief curator of the collections): +31 (0)23 518 51 54, e-mail: .

In the past internships have also taken place at: National Museum of Ethnology in Leiden

(contact: Linda Roodenburg,; Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam

(contact: Hripsimé Visser, telephone: +31 (0)20 573 29 11, e-mail:;

FOAM Amsterdam; Noor Images (contact Claudia Hinterseer, telephone +31 (0)20 616

4040, e-mail:; Victoria & Albert Museum, London; Fotomuseum

Winterthur; and International Centre of Photography, New York. Other possibilities are:

Fotomuseum Antwerp, World Press Photo and Paradox in Edam (production, research;

contact: Bas Vroege, e-mail: Susan Meiselas also offers consecutive

internships in the USA (information:

5.3 Other activities

Over the course of the academic year some extra time is scheduled for meetings and

excursions alongside the regular programme. These are important for students in

providing them with an orientation to the research and writing of the thesis and to

professional practice. Students do not receive credits for this component.

Activities may include

- Visits to important photography institutions such as museums, collections and libraries.

- One or two meeting to discuss the research and writing of the thesis.

- One or two meetings in which students will be asked to present their ideas for the thesis

and their preliminary research and findings.

5.4 The Master’s thesis

The subject of the Master’s thesis is chosen in consultation with one of the supervising

instructors. It is a test of the student’s ability to carry out independent academic research,

under the guidance of an instructor. It is advised that you begin to think about a subject

from the very beginning of the Master’s programme.


For the Master’s thesis it is expected that the student will undertake the research in a

manner as autonomous as possible. Efficient independent work also means that the

information and expertise available in the research field will be well used, and that the

experience of writing the thesis will encourage the student’s maximum development.

The Master’s thesis

Because academic positioning requires continuous dialogue with artistic practice, the

student has a choice between a textual or a visual thesis. Select a topic which can be


ealised within the period available. Good delimitation of the subject is critical for the

success of the undertaking.


Begin your actual research project with ample time before the date it must be submitted.

Do not postpone the writing too long: begin your writing even while your research is ongoing.

Make sound working agreements with your supervisor. If problems should arise

with the supervision for which a solution cannot be quickly found, contact the Study



In addition to the primary supervisor (first reader), a second reader reviews and assesses the

first final draft of the thesis and will work with the supervisor to determine whether the

candidate may begin the graduation procedure. The final grade will be based on the

definitive version of the thesis and the assessment of both the supervisor and second


Literature on writing a thesis

Literature about writing a thesis, and a number of tips on the steps that one must go

through in writing a thesis, can be found at: (in Dutch).

5.5 Graduation

The intention is that students in the Master’s in Photographic Studies will complete their

Master’s examination (the final interview with the supervisor and second reader regarding

the Master’s thesis) at the end of August, followed by graduation. The presentation of the

diploma would thus take place in the month of September.

If you do not graduate at the end of August, the examination regarding the Master’s thesis

takes place on the same day the diploma is awarded. As a rule, this Master’s examination

lasts about forty-five minutes. The diploma is only presented after a positive evaluation.

In either case – whether you graduate in September, or in another month – the thesis is

evaluated by the supervisor and a second reader. In principle, the second reader is chosen

by the student, after discussion with the supervisor.

If you wish to graduate at the end of August, the first version of your thesis (including

notes, bibliography, illustrations and other possible appendices) should be submitted in

June of the 2009-2010 academic year. This date can only be postponed with the permission

of the supervisor.

If you are graduating in a different month, you must take into account a period of one

month, minimum, between the improved first version and the completion of the definitive

version of the Master’s thesis. After the completion of the definitive version it will take a

minimum of three weeks before the diploma can be presented.

The thesis supervisor receives three copies of the graduation thesis, one for him/herself,

one for the thesis archive of the department (in the Print Room, in the University Library),


and one for the faculty. The student is responsible for delivering the second and third

copies to the secretariat.

Application for the Master’s examination

You apply for the examination through the Study coordinator of the Master’s in

Photographic Studies by filling in the examination request form. The form must include

the full and definitive title of the thesis. Once it has been determined that all the

requirements of the Master’s have been fulfilled, and all elements of the programme have

been completed, the Study coordinator will see to it that a letter of permission for the

graduation is issued by the Examination committee.

The graduation committee is comprised of at least two members. These are generally the

supervisor and the second reader for the Master’s thesis. The date and time of the

graduation will be determined in consultation with these committee members. In

connection with the availability of space where the examination can take place, the

candidate should report to the Registrar’s Office (Bureau van de Pedel), Rapenburg 32,

Leiden, at least three full weeks before the planned date. Those graduating at the end of

August must report to the Registrar’s Office no later than the last work day in August.

In all cases students must submit the following to the Registrar’s Office:

- a copy of the written permission from the thesis supervisor;

- the letter of permission from the Examination committee for holding the examination.

All those completing the Master’s examination successfully receive a diploma and the

supplement which accompanies it. The supplement lists all the courses which were

completed during the Master’s in Photographic Studies, the number of credits, and the

grade obtained. Other elements which have been completed within the allotted time are

also included.


6. Supplementary information

6.1 Libraries in Leiden

University Library, Leiden

Department of Art History Library

Location: Doelensteeg 16, Huizinga Building (until September 2009)

After September 2009: University Library, Witte Singel 25

Mon-Fri: 08:30 a.m.-22:00 p.m. (the circulation desk closes at 17:00 on Fridays) .

Telephone circulation desk: +31 (0)71 527 28 14.

Print Room (Prentenkabinet)

Location: University Library, Witte Singel 27, Leiden (2 nd floor)

Opening hours:

- Photography Library Print Room: Monday to Friday, 9:30 a.m.-4:45 p.m.

- Special Collections Reading Room (to view prints and objects from the photography

collection): on appointment Monday to Friday 9:30 a.m.-4:45 p.m.

Telephone: +31 (0)71 527 27 00/28 57.

Digital Slide Library: DigiBeeld

A part of the slide library collection has been made available via internet. You can use your

ULCN name + password to log in to this digital image collection (DigiBeeld). A user’s guide

can be called up from the homepage of DigiBeeld. An expansion of the basic files is

presently being worked on. Consult: DigiBeeld via

6.2 Course-related activities

Photo techniques: Identifying Course

The purpose of the Identifying Course is to permit participants to gain knowledge about

photographic processes. They learn to recognise a wide range of these techniques, from

historic photographic processes through printing techniques to contemporary digital


With regard to the basic knowledge, participants are expected to know the basic

techniques of taking photographs and printing negatives.

The course offers its participants:

1. basic knowledge of conservation materials, handling and preservation of prints;

2. knowledge of how to identify historic and contemporary photographic and

photomechanical processes in theory and in practice, with special attention to:

- photographic materials (negatives, positives, film types, etc.)


- silver processes

- non-silver processes (carbon prints, gum processes)

- photomechanical processes

- digital prints.

The study of the qualities, characteristics and expected future possibilities of recent digital

image production follows the block dealing with historic analogue procedures. In this

second block attention is devoted to all sorts of printing from digital image files (inkjet,

pigment, iris, lambda, etc.), but also to aspects of interactive digital production and their

environments (cd-rom, websites). Particularly in the field of the digital productions this has

led to radically different debates about the ‘why and how’ of the material to be conserved.

In addition, insight into the necessary hardware and software is also required, so that

material preserved digitally can in the future also be shown in the form in which it was

intended to appear.

The participation costs for students (including a copy of the reader) are: € 350,-

(considerably less expensive than for non-students). Participants can register during the

period November-December (2007). The course will be held from March through June

(2009). For an informational brochure and registration, contact the photography curator of

the Print Room, Maartje van den Heuvel MA, e-mail: or assistant curator Joke Pronk, e-mail:


Friends of the Print Room of Leiden University

The Leiden Print Room houses an extensive and multifaceted collection of photographs,

prints and drawings which are intensively used in the education and research in the

department. Students study the material from the collection and regularly assist in the

preparation of exhibitions.

The Friends of the Print Room sets for itself the goal of furthering the interests of the

Leiden Print Room in the widest sense and, among other things, making it possible to

expand the collection with new acquisitions.

Students at Leiden can support the work of the Friends by becoming a donor. You can sign

up with Nelke Bartelings MA, Department of Art History, Doelensteeg 16, 2311 VL Leiden,

telephone: +31 (0)71 527 27 56, e-mail:

6.3 Important photography institutions and training programmes

Below is a selection of important museums, foundations, collections and training

programmes in the field of photography in the Netherlands. The list is not exhaustive, but

offers websites with links to photography-related subjects such as current exhibitions,

photographers, international collections and ongoing research.

Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam

Ruud Visschedijk (director)

Wilhelminakade 332, 3072 AR Rotterdam

Telephone: +31 (0)10 213 20 11, e-mail:


Fotomuseum Den Haag

Wim van Sinderen (chief curator)

Stadhouderslaan 43, 2517 HV The Hague

Telephone: +31 (0)70 338 11 44, e-mail:

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR)

Department of Arts and Culture Studies (FHKW),

Frits Gierstberg

Telephone: +31 (0)10-408 2487, e-mail:


Keizersgracht 609, 1017 DS Amsterdam

Telephone: 31 (0)20 55 16 500, e-mail:

De Hallen

Grote Markt 16, 2011 RD Haarlem

Telephone: + 31 (0)23 511 57 75, e-mail:

Het Rijksprentenkabinet/Rijksmuseum

Mattie Boom

Frans van Mierisstraat 92, 1071 RZ Amsterdam

Telephone: +31 (0)20 674 70 00, e-mail:

Huis Marseille

Foundation for photography

Keizersgracht 401, 1016 EK Amsterdam

Telephone: +31 (0)20 531 89 89, e-mail:

Instituut voor Concrete Materie (ICM)

Nieuwe Kruisstraat 19, 2011 RN Haarlem

Maria Austria Instituut (MAI)

Gemeentearchief, Amsteldijk 67, 1074 HZ Amsterdam

Telephone: +31 (0)20 673 25 06, e-mail:

Nederlands Fotogenootschap (NFg)

Information about Dutch photo collections

Post-St. Joost, Breda

Post-academic training for photography


Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam

Hripsimé Visser

Telephone: +31 (0)20 573 29 11, e-mail:

Stichting PhotoQ

Current news about photography

University of Amsterdam (UvA)

Faculty of Humanities

History and theory of photography

6.4 Recommended readings for preparation and orientation

We strongly recommend you read the following books before beginning the Master’s in

Photographic Studies.

- Roland Barthes, Camera lucida. Reflections on photography. New York: Hill and Wang,


- Geoffrey Batchen, Each wild idea. Writing photography history. Cambridge [etc.]: MIT

Press, 2001

- Gisele Freund, Photography and society. London: Gordon Fraser, 1980.

- Michel Frizot, A new history of photography. Cologne: Konemann, 1998.

- Susan Sontag, On photography, London: Picador 2001

- Liz Wells, Photography: A critical introduction. London: Routledge, 1997.


7. Schedule

Division of the year

The academic year consists of two semesters. Each semester ends with a break in

educational activities; that is to say, there are no contact hours. Students will be

responsible for carrying out on his or her own any assignments that run over this period,

the. The first semester runs from August 31 st (2009) through December 20 th (2009); the

second semester from February 1 st (2010) through May 3o th (2010).

Opening academic year

The opening of the academic year takes place on August 31 st (2009).

Holidays and required free days

- Lifting of the Siege of Leiden: October 3 rd (2009)

- Christmas and New Year’s Holiday: December 25 th (2009) – January 1 st (2010)

- Anniversary of the founding of the University: February 8 th (2010; no classes after 1:00


- Good Friday: April 2 nd (2010)

- Easter: April 4 th and 5 th (2010)

- Queen’s Birthday: April 30 th (2010)

- Liberation Day (WW II): May 5 th (2010)

- Ascension: May 13 th and 14 th (2010)

- Pentecost: May 23 rd and 24 th (2010)

- El Cid: August 160 th through 20 th (2010)

Class periods

The class periods always cover 16 weeks, but this does not obligate the lecturer to 16 weeks

of contact hours. The periods rather give the instructors the opportunity to distribute the

educational activities as ideally as possible.

Education-free periods

Christmas, Easter and summer vacation are education-free periods; final examinations are

also not possible. Other tests are also not taken during these times, unless by mutual

agreement between the instructor and student.


Before the beginning of the academic year the schedule will be distributed to all students in

the programme.


8. Other sources of information

ICS information desk

The information desk is the first stop for all kinds of information that does not involve the

content of the study programme – for instance, about registering and deregistration,

tuition fees, study financing, special admissions, etc. There are also all sorts of brochures

available. If necessary, you can be referred to other staff.

Address: Student Centre Plexus

Kaiserstraat 25, Leiden

Telephone: +31 (0)71 527 80 11, e-mail:

Internet: or

Open: Monday, Wednesday and Friday 9:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m.

Tuesday and Thursday 9:00 a.m.-9:00 p.m.

Change of address

Moving? Let the University know about your new address through the central student

administration. You can do that in various ways: via U-Twist, by mailing a change of

address card to Student Administration, Post Box 9500, 2300 RA Leiden, or by dropping it

off at the information desk. Don’t forget to include your student number. University mail

will only be redirected to your new address if you report your move centrally; sending a

change of address to your department is not enough!


You can find catalogues from other universities in The Netherlands at PITSstop (Plexus

Informatie Trefpunt voor Studenten). There you will also find information on studying in

other countries – (including tourist reports), the job market, job application procedures

and university regulations. The International Office has someone available for

consultation in the Trefpunt every Monday and Thursday from 1:00 to 5:00 p.m. Students

can also take a study choice and career choice test at PITSstop. On the PITSstop site you can

also find a selection of other handy websites.

Student Centre Plexus

Kaiserstraat 25, Leiden

Telephone: +31 (0)71 527 80 25, e-mail:


BUL – Study choice and career service

Study choice

Students can go to the study choice/career advisors of BUL if they have doubts about their

present choice of study, if they are finding it difficult to choose a new study, and/or don’t

know how to approach the process of choosing.

For only € 3,50 you can take a study choice test. This test can then be discussed with one of

the study choice/career advisors.


Career, job applications and the job market

You’ve graduated – and then what? What are the possibilities on the job market? How can

you go about preparing for the job market in the best way? What happens in a job hunting

procedure, and what is important when writing your letter of application, and in doing a

job interview?

Career guidance takes place in the form of individual consultations, one or more

workshops and/or the workbook Op zoek naar werk (Looking for work).

Workshops: Career orientation, CV and letters of application, Job interviews and the

solicitation procedure; Psychological tests and Assessment centres.

More information about the activities of BUL can be found at

Student Centre Plexus

Kaiserstraat 25, Leiden

Telephone: +31 (0)71 527 80 11, e-mail:

Appointments possible.

Walk-in consultation: Tuesday: 10:00-11:00 a.m. (discussing study choice test results/discussing

CV and application letters).

Student counsellors

The student counsellors can offer advice in all sorts of areas: financial problems, problems

with making progress in your studies through personal or other circumstances, lack of

clarity about one’s legal status with visas, etc. They also offer support to students on sports

scholarships and students with a handicap.

Walk-in consultation: Monday through Friday 3:30-4:30 p.m. in Plexus.

Student Centre Plexus

Kaiserstraat 25, Leiden

Telephone: +31 (0)71 527 80 26 and +31 (0)71 527 80 11, e-mail:

Internet: or

Student psychologists

You may go to the student psychologists with problems that are adversely affecting your

studies, such as family problems, dissatisfaction about social contacts, depression and

relational problems. They also have courses and training programmes that help with, for

example, problems with concentration, anxiety about exams, study stress, problems in

planning and deferment neurosis. There is also extensive advice on their website regarding

writing a thesis, and other matters. Problems? Don’t just keep slogging through, but look at

the website, and if necessary make an appointment.

Walk-in consultation: Monday through Friday 11:00 a.m.- noon in Plexus, Kaiserstraat 25.

Appointments possible: Monday through Friday 9:00 a.m.- 5:00 p.m.

Rapenburg 70, Leiden

Telephone: +31 (0)71 527 80 26, e-mail:

Internet: or



Students with complaints about the conduct of a staff member or an administrative body

of Leiden University can go to the office of the ombudsperson. This is prof. dr. Tineke


The ombudsperson handles complaints in an independent and strictly confidential

manner. Anonymous complaints, however, will not be dealt with.

Post Box 9500, 2300 RA Leiden

Telephone: +31 (0)71 527 36 57 (Monday through Friday 10:00 a.m.-12:30 p.m.) , e-mail:


Harassment and sexual intimidation

There are specialist confidential counsellors appointed to deal with cases of sexual

intimidation, harassment in the workplace, aggression, violence and discrimination. If you

are confronted with any of these, make an appointment, so that you and your studies do

not suffer needlessly from the situation.

Gemeenschappelijke Bedrijfsgezondheidsdienst (GBGD), Poortgebouw Zuid (3 rd floor)

Rijnsburgerweg 10, Leiden

Telephone: +31 (0)71 527 80 15

Informatie Beheer Groep (IBG)

Regiokantoor IBG

Koninginnegracht 12b/13, 2514 AA Den Haag

Telephone: +31 (0)50 599 77 55, e-mail:


Open: Monday through Friday 9:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m.

For questions about the merit grant, student public transit pass, earnings while on study

grants and other financial matters, students can go to a regional office of the IBG. It is

recommended that you make notes of conversations with the IBG representative: note the

name of the person and the time of the discussion. In the unlikely event of problems, it is

then easier to refer back to the discussion that took place and possible claims that can be

derived from it.


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