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Discover Jacksonville 2017

WELCOME Seven links to

WELCOME Seven links to the city There are seven vehicle bridges that cross the St. Johns River at Jacksonville — Florida’s river city by the sea and gateway to the state’s interior. Sometimes we don’t call our bridges by their given names, so we’ve compiled a list to help you navigate the city’s connectors. Official name: John T. Alsop Jr. Bridge Type: Steel-truss — centerlift span Date opened: July 18, 1941 Cost: $1.5 million Annual average daily traffic: 18,300 Length: 1,700 feet Main Street Bridge John T. Alsop Jr. earned so much respect of the people of Jacksonville as a multi-term mayor, the Main Street Bridge was renamed in his honor nearly 16 years after it opened. Alsop, who came to Florida as one of Teddy Roosevelt’s Rough Riders, served 14 consecutive years before leaving office in 1937 (he returned four years later). He died at 83, about a month after the bridge was renamed for him on April 12, 1957. In 2014, the Florida Department of Transportation put $11.1 million into a project to make maintenance and safety repairs. From 2016 to 2017, a $10.8 million project is being done to rehabilitate the bridge, mainly for electrical and mechanical. The bridge is considered one of the most recognizable features in downtown Jacksonville. Fuller Warren Bridge The latest downtown bridge and the St. Johns River’s most expensive, it replaced a 1954 double-leaf bascule drawbridge that often saw long lines of stalled traffic. Officials, including Florida Gov. Fuller Warren, wanted to name it for J. Turner Butler, a former Duval County attorney and 30-year member of the Florida Legislature. But Butler thought that public structures should not be named for living individuals, so the span honors Fuller Warren instead. The bridge continues to experience an increase in traffic since it is at the merge point of Interstates 95 and 10, necessitating more interchange improvements starting in 2017, near the same time the I-95 Overland Bridge replacement project is finished at the south end of the Fuller Warren Bridge. Official name: Fuller Warren Bridge Type: Pre-stressed concrete beam Date opened: Nov. 17, 2002 Cost: $97.5 million (estimated) Annual average daily traffic: 155,000 Length: 2,533 feet Official name: Henry Holland Buckman Bridge Type: Steel multi-beam girder Date opened: May 1, 1970; expansion opened January 1997 Cost: $12.5 million; expansion $79 million Annual average daily traffic: 131,000 Length: 16,300 feet Buckman Bridge While this bridge was in the planning stage, former U.S. Rep. Charles E. Bennett suggested it be named for Henry Holland Buckman, who had been a prominent legislator instrumental in establishing a state road system and developing the St. Johns River channel. In 1905, he authored the Buckman Act, which laid the foundation for higher education in Florida. The expansion project, necessary because average daily traffic use increased nearly 11-fold in 20 years, added two travel lanes and two safety lanes to each of the twin spans. A protection and rehabilitation project was completed in 2016, primarily underneath the bridge. 16 | 2017 DISCOVER JACKSONVILLE

WELCOME Official name: St. Elmo W. Acosta Bridge Type: Cast-in-place segmental Opened: Aug. 7, 1994 Cost: $95.4 million Annual average daily traffic: 30,000 Length: 1,645 feet Acosta Bridge The Acosta replaced a center-lift span that had opened in 1921 and carried the name of Jacksonville city councilman and state legislator, St. Elmo “Chic” Acosta. Acosta’s daughter, Florence Acosta Flynn, 82, participated in groundbreaking ceremonies on Jan. 19, 1990, using the same shovel she saw her father hoist in 1919 before construction of the first bridge. Chunks of that bridge are now spawning a fishing reef 13 miles off Mayport. Mathews Bridge Little wonder that this bridge to Arlington was named for John E. Mathews even before construction began. The fiery redhead had waged a 20-year battle for the span, including during his tenure as a member of the Florida House of Representatives. For nearly 20 years after the bridge opened, Arlington was the fastest-growing area in Duval County. In September 2013, a Military Sealift Command ship collided with the bridge and caused enough damage to close the bridge until October 2013. The bridge is scheduled for cleaning and painting in 2017. Official name: John E. Mathews Bridge Type: Cantilever steel truss Date opened: April 15, 1953 Cost: $53 million Annual average daily traffic: 67,000 Length: 7,375 feet Official name: Napoleon Bonaparte Broward Bridge Type: Cable-stayed concrete Opened: March 10, 1989 Cost: $117 million Annual average daily traffic: 72,000 Length: 10,686 ft. Dames Point Bridge The Napoleon Bonaparte Broward Bridge, named in honor of Florida’s governor from 1905 until 1909, is the second longest concrete cable-stayed bridge in the western hemisphere. The name, Dames Point, originated in the mid-1800s, when the wives of seafaring men would gather at the site to welcome home their husbands after months of separation. The bridge is undergoing maintenance work in 2016 and 2017 that includes work underneath, such as fenders for boating traffic and navigational lights. Hart Bridge In 1822, Isaiah D. Hart pursued the idea of establishing a town on the north bank of the St. Johns River at the “cow ford,” a shallow crossing point. He persuaded neighbors to join him in donating land and a surveyor laid out the streets of the town in a 20-block area. He is thus credited as the founder of Jacksonville. The bridge is undergoing maintenance work, such as surface protection and cable replacement in 2016 and 2017. Source: Florida Department of Transportation Official name: Isaiah D. Hart Bridge Type: Steel arch with suspended deck Date opened: Nov. 2, 1967 Cost: $8.8 million Annual average daily traffic: 51,500 Length: 3,844 feet 2017 DISCOVER JACKSONVILLE | 17