ROCK ‘N ROLL
Chuck Berry made it possible.
— Page 9
Chicago Street Journal
Open Call For Artwork
and Essays From Chicago
High School Students.
— Page 3
— Page 13
$1 Donation Requested
PRO / TRUMP /CON
April 14, 2017
Volume 23 No. 1
Got an event coming
up? CSJ Chicago
— Page 4
45th President of the United States Donald J. Trump
My maternal grandpa, James Franklin King, grew up in
the breathtaking mountains of West Virginia. They are
now to be removed for the coal beneath them. To trade
the prettiest looking countryside on the Earth just to burn
the rock beneath and blanket the blue sky with carbondioxide
that heats up the planet is stupidity multiplied by
the power of greed. POTUS 45 signifies both of these
While other successful economies like China’s and Germany’s
backed their solar power and wind efforts, each
nudging the other’s lead in photovoltaic production, the
home of the solar cell, USA, is now lead by a solar illiterate.
There are even photovoltaic cells made with carbon
graphene and batteries, that instead of burning carbon
nano-engineer the material to yield non-polluting
energy. You can’t obtain graphene from the carbon of
coal if you burn it!
The 21st century is passing by the USA, which is imprisoned
in Trumpland. Trumped voters are awakening to
the dumbest ballot they’ve ever tossed. Thuggery and
non-empathetic emotionalism will be all they will be
known for. Reality is always stated in reverse, while
science education is ditched. In single strokes of his
weaponized pen, POTUS 45 has destroyed education,
solutions to homelessness, made the country sick again,
destroyed the work of scientists and technicians dedicated
to renewable energy, derailed our future, and
drowned his wealthy friends in tax-breaks they don’t
need or deserve.
For a city-dweller like me, technically homeless, dependent
on Obamacare, SSI and what few government
programs that are left, it’s like living in Madrid back
when Generalissimo Franco had it surrounded with four
fascist columns, and I’m wondering where’s the fifth.
Dread and shock of Trump’s awesome blunders and
brutality haunt me in my 65th spin around the sun.
National Federation of Federal Employees
I have been representing federal employees of the executive
office for over 35 year, as an officer of the National
Federation of Federal Employees, and must express
alarm over the personnel policies and practices under
consideration by President Trump, to be applied nationwide.
The federal government, it should be noted, is not a TV
At one time the federal government was considered to be
the premiere employer in the country. Positions are
competitively sourced, and it takes three years for someone
to achieve full career status. This appears to be
changing under Trump.
While the federal workforce is accustomed to changes
with a new President in office, this White House has
distinguished itself by declaring itself at war with it’s
own personnel. References to civil service as some sort
of “swamp” is not a professional assessment of agency
At the same time the White House operation is riven
with disorder, President Trump has appointed his son-inlaw
to “fix government,” who promises to “run it like a
company.” This implies that federal agencies are presently
dysfunctional, staffed by the incompetent, and that
private sector firms are the common standard of achievement.
One of the initial recommendations is that employees
ask for a cut in pay in order to keep their jobs.
One can engage in criticism of how government is run at
the federal (and state and local levels), and cite examples.
But, for every example, there is a counterexample,
and one never arrives at the truth. Seniors get
their checks each month, food is safe to eat and passports
issued, millions of times, month after month, without
Continued on Page 4
Nickel Bags or is that
— Page 6
The Real Organizer of the
— Page 7
— Page 9
Frances Beth Harris
— Page 10
Get delivery right to your inbox. Visit CSJ at Issuu.com/ChicagoStreetJournal
Call 773-998-1925 to be in the NEXT issue.
2 April February 2017 2017
Chicago Street Journal
February Chicago Street Journal April 2017
On March 30 Colony 5 launched its Civic Tech
Initiative with a breakfast at Chicago’s Microsoft
Technology Center located in the AON facility
on Randolph with more than 150 people in
attendance. The speakers included Corliss King
one of the Co-founders of Colony 5, Danielle
DuMerer, Chief Technology Officer, City of
Chicago and Adam Hecktman, Director of Technology
& Civic Innovation at Microsoft.
The theme for Colony 5’s 2017 campaign is
“Giving Distressed Communities a Seat at the
High Tech Table.”
According to Steven C.
Philpott, CEO XtraMedium
and Colony 5 Cofounder,
benefits when we reach
into distressed communities, develop the talent
found there and bring them to the table able to
compete in the marketplace on their own terms.”
During the event, under the direction of Cofounder
Philip Fairweather, attendees were
asked “How can high-tech initiatives best connect
and work with distressed communities?”
Their responses were filmed in preparation for
an upcoming documentary to be produced by
Colony 5 has created a Civic Tech Entrepreneurship
strategy capable of building and supporting
a robust pipeline of tech-enabled businesses led
by residents of Chicago’s distressed communities.
The event was sponsored by Reyes Technologies,
Comcast NBC Universal and Microsoft.
They’ve recently launched their website at:
www.ColonyFive.com. Subscribe for information
on their upcoming CivicTech Challenge and
the Colony 5 Incubator Initiative.
Top Salaries 2016: City of Chicago
Here's a look at top individual salaries for
the city of Chicago from 2016. You can dig
deeper into various agencies on the BGA's
Payroll Database, a free portal that includes
salary information on public-sector employees
$300,000: Aviation commissioner
$260,000: Police superintendent
$197,724: First deputy superintendent
$185,364: Police chiefs
$170,112: Deputy chief
$202,728: Fire commissioner
$197,736: Deputy fire commissioner
$250,000: CPS Chief executive officer
$225,000: CPS Senior vice president
$195,000: CPS Chief administrative
$195,000: Chief education officer —
$183,859: Chief financial officer
$178,607: Executive vice chancellor —
$202,728: Fire commissioner
$197,736: FIRST Deputy fire commissioner
$187,680: Deputy FIRE commissionerS
$185,352: Assistant deputy fire commissioners
Comments at City Council Meetings
Circuit Court Judge Diane J. Larsen ruled in December
that you, yes, YOU Chicago, will have
the “Right to Speak” at full City Council meetings.
The lawsuit was filed last July by Andy Thayer
and Rick Garcia citing the city’s violation of the
Open Meetings Act.
The Mayor and Aldermen, who were elected to
serve the citizens of this city, will now be required
to listen to the public’s input on decisions
that affect their well-being and futures.
Stay tuned. We predict that things are about to
get very interesting at those City Council meetings.
Will you be there?
Remember being a high school senior and how it was then the most
exciting time of your life? Well, it’s the same for high school seniors today
across the city of Chicago. And Chicago Street Journal (CSJ) is excited to
announce that it will dedicate and entire issue to the city’s most important
citizens. Our youth!
In that last CSJ publication for July 2017, we will feature the original,
unpublished art and essays of high school students from the Chicagoland
Theme: “How I see myself and my city in 10 years.” After all, they are the
future leaders of this city. So why not let them have some input on the
future of the city.
The rules for submission:
Call for entries May 1, 2017 to June 15, 2017.
Submissions must be made by a public or private school teacher.
(This includes those who are home-schooled. No student submissions
will be accepted.)
Students of any age are welcomed to submit their work.
Essays are limited to 800 words and must be submitted in Microsoft
Word form, ready for publication. (Student’s image should be
included.) Art pieces may be of any media or style. (Cameraready
Only one submission will be accepted.
Follow CSJ on Twitter @ChicagoStreetJo and watch for details.
We’re looking forward to the participation of our most gifted writers and
artists. Please spread the word.
For the 2019 Mayor election word is the
west side will be driving a Ford down
Madison Street to City Hall or the south
side will be Dunkin toward the loop,
and even having summer in the winter
election with City Treasurer Kurt
Summers. However, there is a petition
being circulated that states William
Calloway For Mayor! The 26 year-old film student at
the Illinois Institute of Art-Chicago, who had been organizing, heard
about the Laquan McDonald video, and was determined
to uncover the account executed by CPD. Calloway lives
in the South Shore neighborhood. If not
for the efforts of Calloway and journalist
Brandon Smith, video of Chicago Police
Officer Jason Van Dyke firing 16 fatal
shots at Laquan might still be in the hands
of investigators and attorneys, and not
F or those who remember Beauty Turner of the
Ghetto Tours, will Jeff Baker soon be picking up the
torch of the legendary “Hey Love” and “I am a writer
and a fighter” Turner spirit with Black Beauty Tours?
Word is that he is targeting the tourism industry.
Chicago Street Journal
Advertising Sales Rep
This is an outstanding opportunity,
selling advertising (print, online):
• Initiate sales and marketing calls to prospective or current clients
and documents sales efforts •
Our ideal candidate must be a self-motivated overachiever with a
strong desire to succeed.
• Prior sales experience, developing both new accounts and servicing
existing accounts is preferred.
• Highly disciplined, independent, entrepreneurial, confident,
well organized self-starter
• Compensation, Base Salary Negotiable.
Call 773 595 5229
Publisher and Editor: Ron Carter
Associate Publisher: Sonja Cassandra Perdue
Chicago Street Journal
8036 S. Cottage Grove, Chicago, IL 60619. E-mail:
For delivery direct to your inbox.
Columbia University South Street Journal archive:
Archived by Columbia University’s Urban Research
Workshop (URW), back issues from 1993 to 2006 of
Chicago Street Journal’s predecessor, the South Street
Journal, were donated to provide material for URW
students to collaboratively research themes such as
gentrification, racism, political affairs, and youth
CSJ is free, except special request drop offs and street
sales where a $1 donation is requested.
Copyright 2014. All rights reserved. CSJ assumes no
responsibility to return unsolicited editorial or graphic
material. All rights in letters and unsolicited editorial
or graphic material will
be treated as unconditionally
publication and copyright
may be printed without
written permission, upon
credit given to CSJ.
Ron Carter, Publisher and Editor
4 April 2017
Chicago Street Journal
Continued from Page 1
PRO /TRUMP /CON
Statistically, the total number of federal
employees is about what it was when Eisenhower
was President. During that period,
many new functions have been undertaken,
while the workforce has remained the
same. In Illinois, for example, the number
of federal employees in fact has gone down
During my career, I have worked with many
newly elected officials and political appointees
from the “outside” or private sector
who were intelligent individuals, but who
often totally lacked any government experience,
and were somewhat lost or overwhelmed
when it came to their administrative
duties. Some acclimated quickly, while
others never did. Fortunately, there was a
core of "insiders" who were able to keep the
agencies operating without incident. President
Trump should perhaps value the individuals
who can efficiently operate this
Be careful what you ask for. Voters asked
for Donald Trump and they got the reality
star and business man. Trump’s time in
office is nearing 100 days, leaving voters
scratching their heads and wondering what
the hell happened. During the campaign,
Mr. Trump talked a good game. He had
starry eyed Conservatives, die hard Republicans
and a few disillusioned Liberals believing
he was their great white hope; the
only man who could single handedly make
America great again. He was going to replace
and repeal Obamacare and provide a
more affordable healthcare option that
would work for all of America’s people.
The bill was ill prepared by an over confident
speaker of the house, Paul Ryan. For
seven years, Republicans had been talking
the talk and when time came to deliver, they
failed to walk the walk.
Exactly what has president Donald Trump
accomplished within the span of his 100
days? He’s detained legal Immigrants at
airports and separated children from their
parents. He’s insulted blacks in inner city
communities, taken away important funding
to women and children health, taken ceremonial
lands from the legacy of Indian nations,
for the sake of a pipeline, rebuked
environmental changes, told lies about former
president Barack Obama, placed fear
into the minds of journalists, selected
known racists to head important his governmental
offices and thinks Putin is his next
best friend. This president keeps his tax
returns hidden, hands out governmental
positions to clueless family members, takes
food out of underprivileged school children
mouths and threaten to take away much
needed funding of cities that provide sanctuary
to illegal immigrants, if they fail to
comply with government demands.
Donald Trump holds the office of our 45 th
President. Sadly, this isn’t Saturday Night
Live and I’m not laughing.
Abortion is a heavy subject, for the last
sixty years or so we’ve seen great strides in
the right for women to choose like Roe
v.Wade and Planned Parenthood. However,
in recent years there has been a more popular
movement that strings from the right:
defunding Planned Parenthood so that taxpayers
do not subsidize an organization that
provides abortions. Now, while anyone who
does a small amount of research will find
that technically Planned Parenthood is not
allowed to use tax payers' money to fund
the abortions they provide, it is being argued
that Christian taxpayers are nonetheless
providing a space where abortion can
be performed without any say in the matter,
which is problematic due to their pro-life
I am a female, I believe in liberty and freedom,
and I believe women have the right to
choose. It is not the job of the government
to dictate what a woman can do with her
body, whether she wants to prostitute or
terminate her pregnancy. The government,
in all aspects of life, should play a very
limited role. Keep the government out of
my uterus or bring the government into
foster care. Whether or not we like to think
about it, babies who aren’t aborted could
very well end up in an abusive foster home
or living a life of desperation, not to say that
plenty don’t end up just fine though. Having
a child is a big responsibility, and many
cannot handle it. There is no shame in that,
but who is Big Brother to tell us that we
have no other choice but to try and do so?
With that being said, I do not believe that
Planned Parenthood should be subsidized
by taxpayers. To start with, it’s important
for people to understand that the tax-payer
money that goes to Planned Parenthood is
not specifically designated for them. Rather,
Planned Parenthood, which is still nonetheless
provided money by the government,
gets reimbursements from Medicaid and
Title X, which then pays for its services.
However, Medicaid is funded by the taxpayers,
just as every single other government
program is. I don’t think most Conservatives
have an issue with their money being
used to have HIV tests done or STD
checks performed, however there is an issue
when their money is being used for something
that goes against their religious beliefs.
For some Christians, birth control is
basically a means of abortion, as it stops the
conception of life. It is not fair for people to
forcefully have to pay for something that
directly contradicts their religious beliefs, I
mean isn’t that what we have a first amendment
for? While Planned Parenthood is
legally not allowed to use tax payers money
to provide abortions, without Medicaid
reimbursing them for all their other service
they’d likely never have enough money to
stay open. According to Planned Parenthood’s
2013-2014 Annual Report, they
receive upwards of five-hundred million
dollars, a collection of federal, state, and
local government money. Conservatives,
like myself, have a hard time understanding
why we have to bear the responsibility of
paying for an organization that provides
services that completely contradict what
Christians believe in. There should be religious
exemptions at this point, if you’re a
Christian who is pro-life then you should be
afforded the right to choose whether or not
your hard earned money is paying for something
that you would never pay for.
I support Christians in their fight to defund
Planned Parenthood, and I support Mike
Pence. I also support the women who
choose to have an abortion, I support the
doctors that perform this procedure, and I
emotionally support organizations that help
to provide such care. However, economically
speaking, I do not support these organizations
nor doctors. It’s morals vs. politics.
I lean right, while I personally don’t
like abortions, I have no right to tell someone
what they can or can’t do with their
body, which is why I am pro-choice. I side
with the Constitution, our first amendment,
and our religious freedom. Abortion goes
against the teachings of the Church, and if
followers of said Church don’t want to be
part of something that directly contradicts
their morals and beliefs then I stand beside
them, using the first amendment as their
Send all of your PRO /TRUMP /
CON editorials to CSJ at ChicagoSt-
In Chicago and
across the country,
Saturday, April 22
is Red, Black,
Clean and Green
Justice Or Else
you, to be the mean
on your block. Join
one of your community
such as The
Black Star Project
or gather together
your neighbors and
get mean and green.
When we look
around our communities
on the day
after, we should see
a difference in our
efforts. MAKE US
TOWN. Why? Because
that’s how we
Get ready to
save lives! Advocacy
Day At The
May 10. Join
the march on
Springfield to save
Rauner has proposed
to cut 50% of
the funding for
breast and cervical
and treatments for
uninsured and underinsured
NOT be the determining
needed life or death
Not in Chicago, the
State of Illinois or
the world! Visit
Friendly presents a
Way… We Age!
On Saturday, May
20. 10 AM to 3
PM. Blocking off
the blocks at 63 rd
and Halsted from
Union to Sangamon
. Come celebrate.
4863 or send an
email to EnglewoodVillage63@g
mail.com for info.
February Chicago Street Journal April 2017
Alderman Dowell Celebrates
Historic Grand Opening of the
Rosenwald Courts Apartments.
Fulfilling a promise she made when
first elected, Alderman Pat Dowell
hosted the historic grand opening of
the new Rosenwald Courts Apartments
located on 47th Street between
Michigan Ave. and Wabash
Ave. Vacant since 2000, the Rosenwald
was home to such African-
American luminaries as the poet
Gwendolyn Brooks, boxer Joe Lewis,
music producer Quincy Jones and
singer Nat "King" Cole.
The building was originally developed
in 1929 by Julius Rosenwald,
President of Sears Roebuck & Company,
as housing for African-
American residents during the time
of strict segregation. The renovated
Rosenwald Courts Apartments now
boasts 239 updated one- and twobedroom
units for seniors and families.
Additionally, the building contains
thousands of square feet of retail
space on the first floor, with prospective
tenants including: Sip and
Savor, Illinois Service Federal Bank,
Michelle's Old Fashioned Ice Cream
and a small grocery store.
Thank you to everyone who made
this wonderful project possible.
Thank you to Mayor Rahm Emanuel
and the entire team at the Department
of Planning and Development
for their hard work, Eugene Jones
CEO of the CHA, David Roos and
Jim Bergman - the developers of this
great building - and their development
teams at Iceberg Development,
Evercore Cos, RCAP LP, the Lightengale
Group and Roos Enterprises
Inc., community activist Bobbie
Johnson and the countless others
who made this dream a reality.
6 April 2017
Chicago Street Journal
Black Owned Ride-
Sharing App to Compete
with Uber, Lyft in U.S.
With the immense success of companies like Uber and Lyft, ridesharing
technology has boomed into a multi-billion dollar industry
within the past decade.
Now a new platform is looking to stake its claim in the marketplace.
Moovn is a ride-hailing mobile application founded by Godwin
Gabriel. The app currently operates in 7 U.S. cities (Washington,
DC, Chicago, IL, Boston, MA, Portland, OR, Seattle, WA, San
Francisco, CA, New York, NY) and 1 city in Africa (Dar-Es-
Salaam, TZ), with plans to rapidly expand in both Western and
In a recent interview with UrbanGeekz, Gabriel explains how he
taught himself how to code, in order to launch the beta version of
his app. Saying his beta launch was “amateurish at best,” he goes on
to explain how the platform transformed into what it is today:
“It wasn’t until we received investor backing that I was able to hire
and collaborate with a team of seasoned developers to transform the
platform into what we have today.”
When asked what his biggest challenges are, he says, “The market,
for the most part, is currently being dominated by Uber and Lyft
with these companies enjoying the benefits of having first mover
advantage with the transportation technology space. However,
we’re confident that the global market remains sizable enough for
all of us to fit in and play.”
Considering the rise of smartphone usage across the continent of
Africa, operating there seems to be a good business strategy. It’s
also a market that hasn’t been explored by the big brands in the
CHICAGO — The city of Chicago has begin charging
people a tax for each bag they use to haul groceries and
other items purchased at retailers in the city. But while
the tax will produce income for the city, it remains to be
seen how much the tax will actually do to reduce the
number of plastic bags Chicagoans use - a major selling
point for such taxes in Chicago and other locales.
Some of the biggest cities in the United States
have taken it upon themselves to wage a war on
plastic bags under the guise of environmentalism.
Plastic bag fees are merely a stealth tax hike that
disproportionately hits families that go grocery
shopping more frequently.
Reusable bags tend to be unsanitary, which
causes major problems when they’re being used to
tote fresh produce and other groceries. A study in
the journal Food Protection Trends found that food
-borne illnesses could skyrocket with the increased
adoption of reusable bags.
The study found that 99 percent of reusable bags
tested contained bacteria; the figure was 0 percent
in new bags, or single-use plastic bags. These bacteria
were frequently dangerous, with E. Coli being
shockingly common in reusable bags.
So Chicago’s bag nannies are taking your money
under false pretenses, spending it on something
unrelated to its stated purposes, failing to solve the
problem they claim they’re addressing, and possibly
making you sick in the process.
Mayor Rahm Emanuel’s $8.2 billion budget passed
with unanimous support of the Chicago City Council on
Nov. 16, including a tax on consumers for paper and
The 7-cent bag tax on plastic and paper bags at the
grocery store — or at any Chicago store without reusable
bags — follows efforts around the country to change
consumer behavior and reduce waste and harmful environmental
impact. Consumers can avoid paying the tax
by bringing their own reusable bags, thereby keeping
plastic and paper substitutes out of landfills.
At the same time, retailers receive 2 cents every time
the tax is levied and the rest goes to the city. The average
Chicago resident uses 500 plastic bags a year, totaling
1.3 billion for the whole city, according to environmental
The tax reverses a partial ban that went into effect
more than a year ago. The ban required large retailers to
replace thin plastic bags with thicker ones that are designed
to be reused. But consumers weren’t reusing the
bags, which are more expensive to make.
some policy experts aren’t convinced the new measure
will be any more effective than the last one.
Kevin Glass, policy director for the Franklin Center
for Government and Public Integrity, told the Cook
County Record that assessments of plastic bag taxes in
other cities have shown they may not have the environmental
impact public officials hope for.
“I have no doubt that they’re put forward with good
intentions, but, you know, the numbers show that they’re
largely ineffective on the environmental aspect of their
justification,” Glass said, citing a Washington Post review
of the Washington, D.C.’s 5-cent tax heralded as a
way to clean up the Anacostia River. The review found
that more of the money put in the Anacostia River Clean
Up and Protection Fund was used for school field trips
and worker salaries than for cleanup projects on the
Additionally, taxes that have been put in place on
various levels in states like California, Texas and Virginia,
among others, haven’t proven to change consumer
behavior, Glass said. Another unexpected downside
could be the reusable bags encouraged as substitutes,
which public health experts have said could pose a risk
because of the germs they carry.
Tax rates vary among http://s3.amazonaws.com/ssu
s a / c o m p a n i e s / M z Q y M z Q 1 s w Q A / u p l o a d s /
AC_Green_Logo.jpgthose who have put them in place.
Washington, D.C., charges less than the new rate in Chicago,
but some charge much more. Some, like the Better
Government Association, have publicly criticized the
few cents the city of Chicago settled on because it’s
unlikely to actually deter shoppers from using plastic
bags, making the tax just another revenue stream for the
city. The city expects to bring in $12.9 million from the
tax next year.
Glass said he thinks the mayor’s intentions are genuine,
but he said the few cents per bag will add up for low
-income shoppers, who may be disproportionately affected
by the charge. He said he believes neither a ban
nor a tax has enough of an upside to be worthwhile.
“It’s a surprisingly complicated issue, but the downsides,
I think, across the board, really outweigh the upsides,”
Glass said. “This is an evolution of what Chicago
has been trying to do. And they’ve obviously failed multiple
times before at what they’re aiming for. I just worry
that they’re going to try over and over again to restructure
or reorient how they’re either taxing or prohibiting
bags and none of it’s going to see the upside they’re
really searching for.”
Sources: http://watchdog.org, cookcountyrecord.com
According to Forbes Magazine in 2016 there were 1,810
billionaires with a net worth of $6.5 trillion.
February Chicago Street Journal April 2017
The Real organizer of the Bus Boycott
E.D. Nixon: The Forgotten Hero
Edgar Daniel Nixon (July 12, 1899 – February
25, 1987), known as E. D. Nixon, was a
civil rights leader and union organizer in Alabama
who played a crucial role in organizing
the landmark Montgomery Bus Boycott there
in 1955. The boycott highlighted the issues of
segregation in the South, was upheld for more
than a year by black residents, and nearly
brought the city-owned bus system to bankruptcy.
It ended in December 1956, after the
United States Supreme Court ruled in the
related case, Browder v. Gayle (1956), that the
local and state laws were unconstitutional, and
ordered the state to end bus segregation.
Nixon was president of the local chapter of
the National Association for the Advancement
of Colored People (NAACP), the Montgomery
Welfare League, and the Montgomery
Voters League. At the time, Nixon already led
the Montgomery branch of the Brotherhood of
Sleeping Car Porters union, known as the
Pullman Porters Union, which he had helped
Martin Luther King Jr. described Nixon as
"one of the chief voices of the Negro community
in the area of civil rights," and "a symbol
of the hopes and aspirations of the long oppressed
people of the State of Alabama." 
Edgar D. Nixon was born to Wesley M.
Nixon and Sue Ann Chappell Nixon. As a
child, Nixon received 16 months of formal
education, as black students were ill-served in
the segregated public school system. His
mother died when he was young, and he and
his seven siblings were reared among extended
family in Montgomery.  His father
was a Baptist minister. 
After working in a train station baggage
room, Nixon rose to become a Pullman car
porter, which was a well-respected position
with good pay. He was able to travel around
the country and worked steadily. He worked
with them until 1964. In 1928, he joined the
new union, the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car
Porters, helping organize its branch in Montgomery.
He also served as its president for
many years. 
Marriage and family
Nixon married Alease (who died in 1934),
and they had a son, E. D. Nixon, Jr. (1928–
2011). He became an actor known by the
stage name of Nick La Tour. His son Lionel
Nixon ________________________ 
Nixon later married Arlette Nixon, who
was with him during many of the civil rights
Civil rights activism
Years before the bus boycott,
Nixon had worked for voting
rights and civil rights for African
Americans in Montgomery. Like
other blacks in the state, they had
been essentially disenfranchised
since the start of the 20th century
by changes in the Alabama state
constitution and electoral laws. He
also served as an unelected advocate
for the African-American
community, helping individuals
negotiate with white office holders,
policemen, and civil servants.
Nixon joined the National Association
for the Advancement of Colored People
(NAACP), becoming president of the
Montgomery chapter and, within two years,
president of the state organization.
In 1940, Nixon organized 750 African
Americans to march to the Montgomery
County courthouse and attempt to register to
vote. They were unsuccessful, as the white
Democrats used subjective rules to exclude
In 1954, he was the first black to run for a
seat on the county Democratic Executive
Challenging bus segregation
In the early 1950s, Nixon and Jo Ann Robinson,
president of the Women's Political
Council, decided to mount a court challenge
to the discriminatory seating practices on
Montgomery's municipal buses, along with a
boycott of the bus company. A Montgomery
ordinance reserved the front seats on these
buses for white passengers only, forcing African-American
riders to sit in the back. The
middle section was available to blacks unless
the bus became so crowded that white passengers
were standing; in that case, blacks were
supposed to give up their seats and stand if
necessary. Blacks constituted the majority of
riders on the city-owned bus system.
Before the activists could mount
the court challenge, they needed
someone to voluntarily violate the
bus seating law and be arrested for
it. Nixon carefully searched for a
suitable plaintiff. The final choice
was Rosa Parks, the elected secretary
of the Montgomery NAACP.
Nixon had been her boss, although
he said, "Women don't need to be
nowhere but in the kitchen." When
she asked, "Well, what about me?",
he replied, "I need a secretary and
you are a good one."\
On December 1, 1955, Parks entered a
Montgomery bus, refused to give up her seat
for a white passenger, and was arrested. After
being called about Parks' arrest, Nixon went to
bail her out of jail. After years of working
with Parks, Nixon was certain that she was the
ideal candidate to challenge the discriminatory
seating policy. Even so, Nixon had to
persuade Parks to lead the fight. After consulting
with her mother and husband, Parks accepted
Organizing the boycott
After Parks' arrest, Nixon called a number
of local ministers to organize support for the
boycott; the third man he called was Martin
Luther King Jr., a young minister who was
newly arrived from Atlanta, Georgia. King
said he would think about it and call back.
When King responded, he said that he would
participate in the boycott
Nixon met with Rev. Ralph David Abernathy
and Rev. E.N. French to plan the program
for the next boycott meeting. They came
up with a list of demands for the bus company,
named the new organization the Montgomery
Improvement Association (MIA), and
discussed candidates for president of the association.
Nixon recommended King to Abernathy
and French because Nixon believed that
King had not been compromised by dealing
with the local white power structure.
Nixon shared his labor and civil rights contacts
with the MIA, organizing financial and
other resources to help manage and support
the boycott. These were critical to its success.
What was expected to be a short boycott
lasted 381 days. Despite fierce political opposition,
police coercion, personal threats, and
their own sacrifices, the he boycott continued.
Bus ridership plummeted, as blacks were the
majority riders in the system, and the bus
company was on the verge of financial ruin.
In late January a bomb was set off near the
home of Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., and on
February 1, 1956, a bomb exploded in front of
On June 5, 1956, a three-judge panel of the
US District Court ruled on Browder v. Gayle
and determined that Montgomery's segregation
law was unconstitutional, violating the
Fourteenth Amendment of the US Constitution.
On November 13, 1956, the US Supreme
Court upheld the lower court's ruling. On
December 17, 1956 the Supreme Court rejected
appeals by the city and state to reconsider
At a later rally at New York City's Madison
Square Garden, Nixon talked about the symbolism
of the boycott to an audience of supporters:
“I'm from Montgomery, Alabama, a
city that's known as the Cradle of the Confederacy,
that had stood still for more than ninety
-three years until Rosa L. Parks was arrested
and thrown in jail like a common criminal....
Fifty thousand people rose up and caught hold
to the Cradle of the Confederacy and began to
rock it till the Jim Crow rockers began to reel
and the segregated slats began to fall out.”
After the boycott
Nixon's relationship with the MIA frequently
had sharp disagreements with others
in the group and competed for leadership. He
expressed resentment that King and Abernathy
had received most of the credit for the
boycott, as opposed to the local activists who
had already spent years organizing against
racism. But King admired Nixon, describing
him as "one of the chief voices of the Negro
community in the area of civil rights," and "a
symbol of the hopes and aspirations of the
long oppressed people of the State of Alabama."
Nixon resigned his post as MIA treasurer in
1957, writing a bitter letter to King complaining
that he had been treated as a child and a
"newcomer." Nixon continued to feud with
Montgomery's Black middle class community
for the next decade.
By the late 1960s, through a series of political
defeats, his leadership role in the MIA was
eliminated. After retiring from the railroad,
Nixon worked as the recreation director of a
public housing project. He continued to work
for civil rights, especially to improve housing
and education for blacks in Montgomery.
1985, Nixon received the Walter White
Award from the NAACP. In 1986, a year
before his death, Nixon’s house in Montgomery
was placed on the Alabama Register of
Landmarks and Heritage, in recognition of his
leadership in the state. 
Nixon died at the age of 87 in Montgomery
on February 25, 1987.
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8 April February 2017 2017
Chicago Street Journal
Chuck Berry 1926– 2017
February Chicago Street Journal April 2017
Talking about the passing of Chuck Berry Sr., would not be news. A
tribute to him would be to dance and sing and wonder what it would be
like to live the life of a legend. We have so few true ones. And, Mr.
Berry was one. Even in his last days, at age 90, he had spent time producing
and making plans to release an album later this year. (I bet you
dream about being able to swing like that in your 90’s.)
Born on October 18, 1926, into a middle-class family in St Louis Missouri
– his father a Baptist deacon, his mother a school principal. Chuck
started rolling and he didn’t stop.
It might be true that he left here, headed elsewhere on March 18, 2017
but I believe that somewhere out there a new rock ‘n roller is picking
“Maybelline” or “Johnny B. Goode” on his guitar. Because Rock ‘n Roll
I’m sure you’ve noticed
that there has been a tremendous
amount of film
work that has come to
Chicago in recent years.
Never before has there
been so many productions and so much work
available for extras in Chicago.
I started in this business in 2010, working as an
extra on various film projects. As a child, like
many others, my dream was to move to Los
Angeles and “make it” as an actor. The universe
has a way of working things out. For
those studying and aspiring actors and actresses;
pursuing a film career now -- no moving
to LA because it’s a reality in our city.
A question I get asked frequently is, “How did
you become an extra?” Breaking into the business
of becoming a background actor can be
much harder than it appears, but with proper
research, it can be done on a regular basis.
Browsing the web for extra’s casting agencies
in your town or city is a great way to start.
Select those that have good online reputations.
Most casting agencies need you to register.
Registration is typically done through e-mail
and the information is listed on their web-sites.
Registering is painless but it requires you to
send in photos of yourself, which discourages
many people. Many don’t have professional
photos and luckily they are not necessary. (Of
course, as you move up in your career the right
head-shot and resume become more important.)
But, for now, don’t let that stop you. You
just need some nice images.
Many casting websites have Facebook pages,
where their castings calls are listed. It is crucial
to follow those notices. If you fit the criteria
posted you can freely submit the required information
for those jobs. If you are lucky
enough to get booked you will be notified.
When you are called, they will tell you what
type of clothing to bring, along with your call
time and location. Wardrobe is important because
as an extra it’s your job to enhance the
scenes with a certain dimension. There are
people on the set who will assist in making
sure you have the correct look. (Or dimension.)
But it is not something to rely on every time
you work. You need to bring something to the
Being on set can be a big waiting game so
prepare yourself. Bring snacks, reading material,
etc., to help pass the time. You could have
a long wait before you are called to be in a
Speaking from personal experience, it pays to
be professional. This means don’t have conversations
with the talent, don’t approach them for
photos, or ask to leave the set early. Be courteous
to everyone. Taking set “conduct” seriously
can set you apart in a positive way and
determine if you’ll ever get called back. Above
all, treat it as you would any other regular job
and remain humble and realistic.
Following these basic rules can be the difference
between being upgraded to a principle
role on set or remaining in the background.
Extras don’t get upgraded often, so don’t go to
the set thinking that you are going to get discovered
and become a star. But it does happen.
I’ve seen it happen and you’ve got to be in the
right place at the right time to make it happen.
So for those still interested in getting involved
in becoming a background actor, there is no
better time than now, so get out there and
grow! You may never have this opportunity
again in your lifetime.
Andre Bellos—is an up and coming Chicago
actor who has appeared as an extra in Chi-raq
10 April 2017
Chicago Street Journal
“I will tell of your name to my brothers; in the
midst of the congregation I will sing your praise.”
The Hebrew word for “sanctuary” is mikdash,
which comes from the root word kadash, “to be set
apart as sacred.” Other words that share this root
include kedushah (holiness), kiddushin (betrothal),
kaddish (sanctification), kiddush
(marking sacred time and so forth).
The Tabernacle, called the mishkan,
presented a form of “mediation” that
provided symbols to help bring
“heaven down to earth.” It was a “set
apart place” intended for rest and
intimacy. Note that the gematria of
the word mishkan is the same as the
word shema, “heart” or “listen”. The word
“ekklesia” is the Greek translation of the original
Hebrew word “qahal”, which is an assembly, congregation
and company - The assembly of God’s
people are being gathered and assembled together
into an unseen structure, unseen company, and
unseen family by our unseen Father (not immediately
visible to the earthly – see Ez. 37:26). In W.
Tyndale’s translation of the Bible into English, he
translated the word “ekklesia” as “congregation”
even though there were churches around when
Tyndale was alive. He completed his translation in
1525 (86 years before the King James version) and
he associated a church with idolatry and pagan
religions. He used the word “church” in his translation;
in relation to pagans and their places of
worship as in Acts. 19:37 “For ye have brough
hyther these me whiche are nether robbers of
churches nor yet despisers of you’re goddes.” King
James translation is ‘you have brought here these
men, who are neither robbers of temples, nor yet
blasphemers of your goddess”). Not once did Tyndale
interpret “qahal” or ekklesia” as a building or
“church”. “Ekklesia” is a composite noun made
up of two Greek works: “ek” meaning “out of” or
“away from”, and “Kaleo” meaning “called”. But
as the community (ha’edah) gathered (bahiqahel)
against them, Moses and Aaron turned toward the
Tent of Meeting; the cloud had covered it and the
Presence of Yehovah appeared (Num. 17:7).
the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem,
and to innumerable angels in festal gathering, and
to the assembly of the firstborn who are enrolled
in heaven… and to the sprinkled blood that speaks
a better word than the blood of Abel (see Heb.
12:18,19,22,23a, 24)”. Note: Jesus is called the
‘firstborn’ (see Heb. 1:6, 7, 14 the splendor of angels)
and His followers are granted His inheritance
as firstborn sons. “Therefore, since we are surrounded
by so great a cloud of witnesses, let us
also lay aside every weight, and sin which clings
so closely, and let us run with endurance the race
that is set before us (Heb. 12:1)”. “For He who
sanctifies and those who are sanctified all have
one source. That is why He is not ashamed to
call them brothers (Heb. 2:11).”
When Yahushua (Jesus) asked his talmidim
(disciples) who they understood him to be,
Shim’on Petros (Simon Peter) answered him,
“Atah hu, haMashiach, ben El Chai” _ “You are
he, the Messiah, Son of the Mighty One who
lives.” And Yahushua (Jesus) replied, _flesh and
blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father
who is in heaven. “And I tell you, you are Peter,
and on the Rock I will build my Ekklesia (a following,
assembly, congregation) – and the powers
of Death shall not prevail against it (Matt. 16:18)”.
The present True Congregation of the Almighty
should bear witness of that ‘QAHAL’ empowered
by the Ruach HaQodesh. “Therefore let us be
grateful for receiving a kingdom that cannot be
shaken, and thus let us offer to God acceptable
worship, with reverence and awe, for our God is a
consuming fire (Heb. 12:28, 29)”.
“We are not abandoning our being gathered together
in one Place as is the custom and rite of
some in their institutions and religions that take the
place of Christ but we enter the great assembly...as
we see the Day approaching” (see Heb. 10:25).
The Greek word used in this verse for “assemble
together” is not “ekklesia”, but “episynagoge”.
This word means “gathering together in one
place”, “gathered with others already assembled”.
The word is used only in one other verse of scripture,
2Thess. 2:1-3 which is not about attending a
place physically here on earth, but of being gathered
in One Place spiritually. It must be an assembling,
a gathering together that is brought about
by, and for, Christ and as such may not look like
what we would expect.
Art from CSJ publisher of the Great Migration, before on the Cliff Kelley
WVON show guest addressing the business of the Great Migration
included Arness Dancy of the Black Chamber of Commerce, Normal
Williams formerly of Illinois Service Federal and Ron Carter, chairman
“Then all the children of Israel went out, and the
congregation was gathered together as one man,
from Dan even to Beer-sheba, with the land of
Gilead, unto YHVH in Mizpah (Judges 20:1). We
are not called out to be individual “ones” isolated
and alone; we are called out to be together in a
heavenly company and community that is being
assembled and gathered together in Christ, “who
died for us so that whether we are awake or asleep
we might live with him” (1 Thes. 5:10). “For you
have not come to what may be touched, a blazing
fire and darkness and gloom and a tempest and the
sound of a trumpet and a voice whose words made
the hearers beg that no further messages be spoken
to them. But you have come to Mount Zion and to
About the Spiritual Editor:
Frances Beth Harris, as a Florida native enjoys
early morning bike, beach and park trails. She is a
committee member at the Quaker House of the
Palm Beaches and a host on four different shows
at: www.blogtalkradio.com/soulpurposehealing on
Thursdays. In 2003, she founded Beth International
Ministries. A contemplative community that
reveals the active presence of Christ through intercessory
prayer, Scripture, music and spiritual mentoring,
to advance our efforts against sexism, economic
exploitation, complex childhood trauma and
human trafficking. You may email or text Beth at:
firstname.lastname@example.org or 561.907.6671.
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Chicago Street Journal April 2017
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12 April 2017
Chicago Street Journal
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Chicago Street Journal April 2017
Ron Carter – THE ARTIST – has been
the Publisher and Editor of South Street
Journal (SSJ) now Chicago Street Journal
(CSJ) for almost 24 years. He has ran for office,
been a community organizer, been in the
military and is a former Black Panther. Yet,
the thing that is mentioned least of all about
him is his creative side. The artist in him.
So, on this page and the proceeding you can
preview just a few of the pieces from his collection.
All are available for purchase. In addition,
you may even request portraits for
Mother’s Day, graduation and wedding gifts.
Look for other pieces in future editions.
THE ARTIST can be reached at 773-595-
5229 or send an email to ChicagoStJournal@aol.com.
14 April 2017
Chicago Street Journal
southern masters. Therefore, we have to live with the notion that only black life matters. Not that
others don't, because they do. But in terms of where we live, or even work, if you are surrounded
by others, you have to build within those confines.
Blacks have to unapologetically act as though black life matters most, and at all times. Respectfully,
that's the way other races conduct themselves. And it's nothing wrong with that. Your race
is like your family. You should always take care of your family, first. That's why during these
black days of history, I'll salute my heroes. People, who even through their controversial lives,
have inspired millions, and have made a significant impact on their communities.
Leaders like Malcolm X, Carter G. Woodson, Dr. Martin King, Ghandi, Frederick Douglass,
Sojourner Truth, Ida B. Wells, Robert Johnson, Gwendolyn Brooks, John H. Johnson, Madame
C.J. Walker, Oprah, Steve Jobs, Haki Madhubuti, Bill Garth, Henry English, Don
Starks, Barack Obama, Melody Spann-Cooper, Dr. Eric Whitaker, Charlie Rose, Michael
Everyday is Black History
Black history is my history. I live it everyday. Therefore, outside of the symbolic gesture that was
granted to US by old southern masters, I recommend we show our strength
by rejecting Black History Month as the only celebrated month for black
Demand that black culture be saluted each and everyday. But that requires
that all negroes, even the ones who love old southern masters better than
they love themselves, to shut up and step aside. Because they will perform
like the Samuel Jackson character in DJango Unchained, and express how
his southern boss knows what's best for US colored people.
No, really, I don't like the fact that black people get overly excited when
Black History Month comes around each year, as though they actually can't embrace black accomplishments
outside of the month of February. It's absolutely shocking! This goes with what I
stated a few days ago in one of my Works of Words, that black folks need an image make-over. A
new definition. A new purpose. WE need a new direction. Because we have lost our way. We are
confused to what is expected of US from the southern master.
Now, when I say (WE), of course I don't mean all. Half of US understand this country very well
and what they've done to brainwash the Negro race. We know that nothing we do or say, or no
matter how much we rise, blacks will always be considered less than by the majority of the old
Bloomberg, Father Pfleger, Merry Green, Thurgood Marshall, A. Phillip Randolph, Sidney
Poitier, Harry Belafonte, Bill Cosby, Don Cornelius, Louis Farrakhan, Rev. Jesse Jackson.
There are others. I'll name more of my inspired heroes as this month continues to honor personalities
who transformed lives.
I love the underdog. I love people who take risks and go against the grain.
I also love smart and innovative people who understand their chosen profession--who've
built something from nothing. These are every day individuals,
like myself, who had dreams and sacrificed their names and
brand to keep the lights on and stay committed to their vision even when
the 'background noise' was against US!
This is one of the main reasons that I founded MG Media. This is my
publishing and marketing company, through which I've created three
different magazines over the nearly last two decades, along with the news
service. I wanted to profile emerging leaders, the best and brightest of my community. I grew-up
seeing too many negative images of black folks. I knew there was more to my race than gangs,
drugs and violent stereotypes.
I'm the kind of dude who just doesn't complain. I'm about action, every day, not just 28 days in
February. I deserve more than a few days to have my story told. WE deserve and have earned
more than that! Make sure that we recognize black history as America's history 365. Until the
next edition..... Peace and One Love. I Write to Differ.....Carl West—
TBTNewsService.com/ MG Media
Chicago Street Journal April 2017
16 April February 2017
Chicago Street Journal