TRUMP - April 14, 2017 Edition of Chicago Street Journal

Although this edition was first published in April 2017, it is still timely and we wanted to give our audience an opportunity to view some of our past editions of Chicago Street Journal. Don't forget to join us on Saturday, November 11 in Chicago to celebrate the 24th anniversary of CSJ. Free Admission. Grace Temple Holiness Church. 938 West 69th Street in Chicago. 10 AM to 3 PM.

Although this edition was first published in April 2017, it is still timely and we wanted to give our audience an opportunity to view some of our past editions of Chicago Street Journal.

Don't forget to join us on Saturday, November 11 in Chicago to celebrate the 24th anniversary of CSJ.

Free Admission.
Grace Temple Holiness Church.
938 West 69th Street in Chicago.
10 AM to 3 PM.


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Chuck Berry made it possible.

— Page 9

Chicago Street Journal

February 2017

Open Call For Artwork

and Essays From Chicago

High School Students.

— Page 3

Ron Carter

The Artist


— Page 13

$1 Donation Requested


Chicago Speaks!

April 14, 2017

Volume 23 No. 1

Got an event coming

up? CSJ Chicago

Event’s Calendar

— Page 4

45th President of the United States Donald J. Trump


My maternal grandpa, James Franklin King, grew up in

the breathtaking mountains of West Virginia. They are

now to be removed for the coal beneath them. To trade

the prettiest looking countryside on the Earth just to burn

the rock beneath and blanket the blue sky with carbondioxide

that heats up the planet is stupidity multiplied by

the power of greed. POTUS 45 signifies both of these


While other successful economies like China’s and Germany’s

backed their solar power and wind efforts, each

nudging the other’s lead in photovoltaic production, the

home of the solar cell, USA, is now lead by a solar illiterate.

There are even photovoltaic cells made with carbon

graphene and batteries, that instead of burning carbon

nano-engineer the material to yield non-polluting

energy. You can’t obtain graphene from the carbon of

coal if you burn it!

The 21st century is passing by the USA, which is imprisoned

in Trumpland. Trumped voters are awakening to

the dumbest ballot they’ve ever tossed. Thuggery and

non-empathetic emotionalism will be all they will be

known for. Reality is always stated in reverse, while

science education is ditched. In single strokes of his

weaponized pen, POTUS 45 has destroyed education,

solutions to homelessness, made the country sick again,

destroyed the work of scientists and technicians dedicated

to renewable energy, derailed our future, and

drowned his wealthy friends in tax-breaks they don’t

need or deserve.

For a city-dweller like me, technically homeless, dependent

on Obamacare, SSI and what few government

programs that are left, it’s like living in Madrid back

when Generalissimo Franco had it surrounded with four

fascist columns, and I’m wondering where’s the fifth.

Dread and shock of Trump’s awesome blunders and

brutality haunt me in my 65th spin around the sun.


Regional VP

National Federation of Federal Employees

I have been representing federal employees of the executive

office for over 35 year, as an officer of the National

Federation of Federal Employees, and must express

alarm over the personnel policies and practices under

consideration by President Trump, to be applied nationwide.

The federal government, it should be noted, is not a TV


At one time the federal government was considered to be

the premiere employer in the country. Positions are

competitively sourced, and it takes three years for someone

to achieve full career status. This appears to be

changing under Trump.

While the federal workforce is accustomed to changes

with a new President in office, this White House has

distinguished itself by declaring itself at war with it’s

own personnel. References to civil service as some sort

of “swamp” is not a professional assessment of agency


At the same time the White House operation is riven

with disorder, President Trump has appointed his son-inlaw

to “fix government,” who promises to “run it like a

company.” This implies that federal agencies are presently

dysfunctional, staffed by the incompetent, and that

private sector firms are the common standard of achievement.

One of the initial recommendations is that employees

ask for a cut in pay in order to keep their jobs.

One can engage in criticism of how government is run at

the federal (and state and local levels), and cite examples.

But, for every example, there is a counterexample,

and one never arrives at the truth. Seniors get

their checks each month, food is safe to eat and passports

issued, millions of times, month after month, without


Continued on Page 4

Nickel Bags or is that

Dime Bags?

— Page 6

The Real Organizer of the

Bus Boycott.

— Page 7

How to

become an

"extra" in




Andre Bellos

— Page 9

Frances Beth Harris

— Page 10

Get delivery right to your inbox. Visit CSJ at Issuu.com/ChicagoStreetJournal

Call 773-998-1925 to be in the NEXT issue.

2 April February 2017 2017

Chicago Street Journal

February Chicago Street Journal April 2017


Colony Five

On March 30 Colony 5 launched its Civic Tech

Initiative with a breakfast at Chicago’s Microsoft

Technology Center located in the AON facility

on Randolph with more than 150 people in

attendance. The speakers included Corliss King

one of the Co-founders of Colony 5, Danielle

DuMerer, Chief Technology Officer, City of

Chicago and Adam Hecktman, Director of Technology

& Civic Innovation at Microsoft.

The theme for Colony 5’s 2017 campaign is

“Giving Distressed Communities a Seat at the

High Tech Table.”

According to Steven C.

Philpott, CEO XtraMedium

and Colony 5 Cofounder,


benefits when we reach

into distressed communities, develop the talent

found there and bring them to the table able to

compete in the marketplace on their own terms.”

During the event, under the direction of Cofounder

Philip Fairweather, attendees were

asked “How can high-tech initiatives best connect

and work with distressed communities?”

Their responses were filmed in preparation for

an upcoming documentary to be produced by

Colony 5.

Colony 5 has created a Civic Tech Entrepreneurship

strategy capable of building and supporting

a robust pipeline of tech-enabled businesses led

by residents of Chicago’s distressed communities.

The event was sponsored by Reyes Technologies,

Comcast NBC Universal and Microsoft.

They’ve recently launched their website at:

www.ColonyFive.com. Subscribe for information

on their upcoming CivicTech Challenge and

the Colony 5 Incubator Initiative.

Top Salaries 2016: City of Chicago

Here's a look at top individual salaries for

the city of Chicago from 2016. You can dig

deeper into various agencies on the BGA's

Payroll Database, a free portal that includes

salary information on public-sector employees

throughout Illinois.

$300,000: Aviation commissioner

$216,210: Mayor

$260,000: Police superintendent

$197,724: First deputy superintendent

$185,364: Police chiefs

$170,112: Deputy chief

$202,728: Fire commissioner

$197,736: Deputy fire commissioner

$250,000: CPS Chief executive officer

$225,000: CPS Senior vice president

of finance

$195,000: CPS Chief administrative


$195,000: Chief education officer —

City colleges

$256,250: Chancellor

$183,859: Chief financial officer

$178,607: Executive vice chancellor —


$202,728: Fire commissioner

$197,736: FIRST Deputy fire commissioner

$187,680: Deputy FIRE commissionerS

$185,352: Assistant deputy fire commissioners

Comments at City Council Meetings

Circuit Court Judge Diane J. Larsen ruled in December

that you, yes, YOU Chicago, will have

the “Right to Speak” at full City Council meetings.

The lawsuit was filed last July by Andy Thayer

and Rick Garcia citing the city’s violation of the

Open Meetings Act.

The Mayor and Aldermen, who were elected to

serve the citizens of this city, will now be required

to listen to the public’s input on decisions

that affect their well-being and futures.

Stay tuned. We predict that things are about to

get very interesting at those City Council meetings.

Will you be there?

Remember being a high school senior and how it was then the most

exciting time of your life? Well, it’s the same for high school seniors today

across the city of Chicago. And Chicago Street Journal (CSJ) is excited to

announce that it will dedicate and entire issue to the city’s most important

citizens. Our youth!

In that last CSJ publication for July 2017, we will feature the original,

unpublished art and essays of high school students from the Chicagoland


Theme: “How I see myself and my city in 10 years.” After all, they are the

future leaders of this city. So why not let them have some input on the

future of the city.

The rules for submission:

Call for entries May 1, 2017 to June 15, 2017.

Submissions must be made by a public or private school teacher.

(This includes those who are home-schooled. No student submissions

will be accepted.)

Students of any age are welcomed to submit their work.

Essays are limited to 800 words and must be submitted in Microsoft

Word form, ready for publication. (Student’s image should be

included.) Art pieces may be of any media or style. (Cameraready

submissions only.)

Only one submission will be accepted.

Follow CSJ on Twitter @ChicagoStreetJo and watch for details.

We’re looking forward to the participation of our most gifted writers and

artists. Please spread the word.

For the 2019 Mayor election word is the

west side will be driving a Ford down

Madison Street to City Hall or the south

side will be Dunkin toward the loop,

and even having summer in the winter

election with City Treasurer Kurt

Summers. However, there is a petition

being circulated that states William

Calloway For Mayor! The 26 year-old film student at

the Illinois Institute of Art-Chicago, who had been organizing, heard

about the Laquan McDonald video, and was determined

to uncover the account executed by CPD. Calloway lives

in the South Shore neighborhood. If not

for the efforts of Calloway and journalist

Brandon Smith, video of Chicago Police

Officer Jason Van Dyke firing 16 fatal

shots at Laquan might still be in the hands

of investigators and attorneys, and not

the public.

F or those who remember Beauty Turner of the

Ghetto Tours, will Jeff Baker soon be picking up the

torch of the legendary “Hey Love” and “I am a writer

and a fighter” Turner spirit with Black Beauty Tours?

Word is that he is targeting the tourism industry.

Chicago Street Journal

Advertising Sales Rep

This is an outstanding opportunity,

selling advertising (print, online):

• Initiate sales and marketing calls to prospective or current clients

and documents sales efforts •

Our ideal candidate must be a self-motivated overachiever with a

strong desire to succeed.

• Prior sales experience, developing both new accounts and servicing

existing accounts is preferred.

• Highly disciplined, independent, entrepreneurial, confident,

well organized self-starter

• Compensation, Base Salary Negotiable.

Call 773 595 5229

Publisher and Editor: Ron Carter

Associate Publisher: Sonja Cassandra Perdue

Chicago Street Journal

8036 S. Cottage Grove, Chicago, IL 60619. E-mail:



For delivery direct to your inbox.


Columbia University South Street Journal archive:


Archived by Columbia University’s Urban Research

Workshop (URW), back issues from 1993 to 2006 of

Chicago Street Journal’s predecessor, the South Street

Journal, were donated to provide material for URW

students to collaboratively research themes such as

gentrification, racism, political affairs, and youth


CSJ is free, except special request drop offs and street

sales where a $1 donation is requested.

Copyright 2014. All rights reserved. CSJ assumes no

responsibility to return unsolicited editorial or graphic

material. All rights in letters and unsolicited editorial

or graphic material will

be treated as unconditionally

assigned for

publication and copyright

purposes. Material

may be printed without

written permission, upon

credit given to CSJ.

Ron Carter, Publisher and Editor

February 2017

4 April 2017

Chicago Street Journal

Continued from Page 1


Statistically, the total number of federal

employees is about what it was when Eisenhower

was President. During that period,

many new functions have been undertaken,

while the workforce has remained the

same. In Illinois, for example, the number

of federal employees in fact has gone down


During my career, I have worked with many

newly elected officials and political appointees

from the “outside” or private sector

who were intelligent individuals, but who

often totally lacked any government experience,

and were somewhat lost or overwhelmed

when it came to their administrative

duties. Some acclimated quickly, while

others never did. Fortunately, there was a

core of "insiders" who were able to keep the

agencies operating without incident. President

Trump should perhaps value the individuals

who can efficiently operate this



Be careful what you ask for. Voters asked

for Donald Trump and they got the reality

star and business man. Trump’s time in

office is nearing 100 days, leaving voters

scratching their heads and wondering what

the hell happened. During the campaign,

Mr. Trump talked a good game. He had

starry eyed Conservatives, die hard Republicans

and a few disillusioned Liberals believing

he was their great white hope; the

only man who could single handedly make

America great again. He was going to replace

and repeal Obamacare and provide a

more affordable healthcare option that

would work for all of America’s people.

The bill was ill prepared by an over confident

speaker of the house, Paul Ryan. For

seven years, Republicans had been talking

the talk and when time came to deliver, they

failed to walk the walk.

Exactly what has president Donald Trump

accomplished within the span of his 100

days? He’s detained legal Immigrants at

airports and separated children from their

parents. He’s insulted blacks in inner city

communities, taken away important funding

to women and children health, taken ceremonial

lands from the legacy of Indian nations,

for the sake of a pipeline, rebuked

environmental changes, told lies about former

president Barack Obama, placed fear

into the minds of journalists, selected

known racists to head important his governmental

offices and thinks Putin is his next

best friend. This president keeps his tax

returns hidden, hands out governmental

positions to clueless family members, takes

food out of underprivileged school children

mouths and threaten to take away much

needed funding of cities that provide sanctuary

to illegal immigrants, if they fail to

comply with government demands.

Donald Trump holds the office of our 45 th

President. Sadly, this isn’t Saturday Night

Live and I’m not laughing.


Abortion is a heavy subject, for the last

sixty years or so we’ve seen great strides in

the right for women to choose like Roe

v.Wade and Planned Parenthood. However,

in recent years there has been a more popular

movement that strings from the right:

defunding Planned Parenthood so that taxpayers

do not subsidize an organization that

provides abortions. Now, while anyone who

does a small amount of research will find

that technically Planned Parenthood is not

allowed to use tax payers' money to fund

the abortions they provide, it is being argued

that Christian taxpayers are nonetheless

providing a space where abortion can

be performed without any say in the matter,

which is problematic due to their pro-life


I am a female, I believe in liberty and freedom,

and I believe women have the right to

choose. It is not the job of the government

to dictate what a woman can do with her

body, whether she wants to prostitute or

terminate her pregnancy. The government,

in all aspects of life, should play a very

limited role. Keep the government out of

my uterus or bring the government into

foster care. Whether or not we like to think

about it, babies who aren’t aborted could

very well end up in an abusive foster home

or living a life of desperation, not to say that

plenty don’t end up just fine though. Having

a child is a big responsibility, and many

cannot handle it. There is no shame in that,

but who is Big Brother to tell us that we

have no other choice but to try and do so?

With that being said, I do not believe that

Planned Parenthood should be subsidized

by taxpayers. To start with, it’s important

for people to understand that the tax-payer

money that goes to Planned Parenthood is

not specifically designated for them. Rather,

Planned Parenthood, which is still nonetheless

provided money by the government,

gets reimbursements from Medicaid and

Title X, which then pays for its services.

However, Medicaid is funded by the taxpayers,

just as every single other government

program is. I don’t think most Conservatives

have an issue with their money being

used to have HIV tests done or STD

checks performed, however there is an issue

when their money is being used for something

that goes against their religious beliefs.

For some Christians, birth control is

basically a means of abortion, as it stops the

conception of life. It is not fair for people to

forcefully have to pay for something that

directly contradicts their religious beliefs, I

mean isn’t that what we have a first amendment

for? While Planned Parenthood is

legally not allowed to use tax payers money

to provide abortions, without Medicaid

reimbursing them for all their other service

they’d likely never have enough money to

stay open. According to Planned Parenthood’s

2013-2014 Annual Report, they

receive upwards of five-hundred million

dollars, a collection of federal, state, and

local government money. Conservatives,

like myself, have a hard time understanding

why we have to bear the responsibility of

paying for an organization that provides

services that completely contradict what

Christians believe in. There should be religious

exemptions at this point, if you’re a

Christian who is pro-life then you should be

afforded the right to choose whether or not

your hard earned money is paying for something

that you would never pay for.

I support Christians in their fight to defund

Planned Parenthood, and I support Mike

Pence. I also support the women who

choose to have an abortion, I support the

doctors that perform this procedure, and I

emotionally support organizations that help

to provide such care. However, economically

speaking, I do not support these organizations

nor doctors. It’s morals vs. politics.

I lean right, while I personally don’t

like abortions, I have no right to tell someone

what they can or can’t do with their

body, which is why I am pro-choice. I side

with the Constitution, our first amendment,

and our religious freedom. Abortion goes

against the teachings of the Church, and if

followers of said Church don’t want to be

part of something that directly contradicts

their morals and beliefs then I stand beside

them, using the first amendment as their


Send all of your PRO /TRUMP /

CON editorials to CSJ at ChicagoSt-


In Chicago and

across the country,

Saturday, April 22

is Red, Black,

Clean and Green

and Day.

Justice Or Else

Local Organizing

Committees invites

you, to be the mean

cleaning machine

on your block. Join

one of your community


such as The

Black Star Project

or gather together

your neighbors and

get mean and green.

When we look

around our communities

on the day

after, we should see

a difference in our

efforts. MAKE US


TOWN. Why? Because

that’s how we


Get ready to

save lives! Advocacy

Day At The

Capitol. Wednesday,

May 10. Join

the march on

Springfield to save

women’s lives.

Illinois Governor

Rauner has proposed

to cut 50% of

the funding for

breast and cervical

cancer screenings

and treatments for

uninsured and underinsured


Your financial

status SHOULD

NOT be the determining

factor in

needed life or death

medical treatments.

Not in Chicago, the

State of Illinois or

the world! Visit



AdvocacyDay/ or

call 312-942-0335

for information.


SENIORS. Exclusively

US Celebration!


Friendly presents a

Celebration of


“Changing the

Way… We Age!

On Saturday, May

20. 10 AM to 3

PM. Blocking off

the blocks at 63 rd

and Halsted from

Union to Sangamon

. Come celebrate.

Call 773-609-

4863 or send an

email to EnglewoodVillage63@g

mail.com for info.

February Chicago Street Journal April 2017




Alderman Dowell Celebrates

Historic Grand Opening of the

Rosenwald Courts Apartments.

Fulfilling a promise she made when

first elected, Alderman Pat Dowell

hosted the historic grand opening of

the new Rosenwald Courts Apartments

located on 47th Street between

Michigan Ave. and Wabash

Ave. Vacant since 2000, the Rosenwald

was home to such African-

American luminaries as the poet

Gwendolyn Brooks, boxer Joe Lewis,

music producer Quincy Jones and

singer Nat "King" Cole.

The building was originally developed

in 1929 by Julius Rosenwald,

President of Sears Roebuck & Company,

as housing for African-

American residents during the time

of strict segregation. The renovated

Rosenwald Courts Apartments now

boasts 239 updated one- and twobedroom

units for seniors and families.

Additionally, the building contains

thousands of square feet of retail

space on the first floor, with prospective

tenants including: Sip and

Savor, Illinois Service Federal Bank,

Michelle's Old Fashioned Ice Cream

and a small grocery store.

Thank you to everyone who made

this wonderful project possible.

Thank you to Mayor Rahm Emanuel

and the entire team at the Department

of Planning and Development

for their hard work, Eugene Jones

CEO of the CHA, David Roos and

Jim Bergman - the developers of this

great building - and their development

teams at Iceberg Development,

Evercore Cos, RCAP LP, the Lightengale

Group and Roos Enterprises

Inc., community activist Bobbie

Johnson and the countless others

who made this dream a reality.

February 2017

6 April 2017

Chicago Street Journal

Black Owned Ride-

Sharing App to Compete

with Uber, Lyft in U.S.

and Abroad

With the immense success of companies like Uber and Lyft, ridesharing

technology has boomed into a multi-billion dollar industry

within the past decade.

Now a new platform is looking to stake its claim in the marketplace.

Moovn is a ride-hailing mobile application founded by Godwin

Gabriel. The app currently operates in 7 U.S. cities (Washington,

DC, Chicago, IL, Boston, MA, Portland, OR, Seattle, WA, San

Francisco, CA, New York, NY) and 1 city in Africa (Dar-Es-

Salaam, TZ), with plans to rapidly expand in both Western and

emerging markets.

In a recent interview with UrbanGeekz, Gabriel explains how he

taught himself how to code, in order to launch the beta version of

his app. Saying his beta launch was “amateurish at best,” he goes on

to explain how the platform transformed into what it is today:

“It wasn’t until we received investor backing that I was able to hire

and collaborate with a team of seasoned developers to transform the

platform into what we have today.”

When asked what his biggest challenges are, he says, “The market,

for the most part, is currently being dominated by Uber and Lyft

with these companies enjoying the benefits of having first mover

advantage with the transportation technology space. However,

we’re confident that the global market remains sizable enough for

all of us to fit in and play.”

Considering the rise of smartphone usage across the continent of

Africa, operating there seems to be a good business strategy. It’s

also a market that hasn’t been explored by the big brands in the


CHICAGO — The city of Chicago has begin charging

people a tax for each bag they use to haul groceries and

other items purchased at retailers in the city. But while

the tax will produce income for the city, it remains to be

seen how much the tax will actually do to reduce the

number of plastic bags Chicagoans use - a major selling

point for such taxes in Chicago and other locales.

Some of the biggest cities in the United States

have taken it upon themselves to wage a war on

plastic bags under the guise of environmentalism.

Plastic bag fees are merely a stealth tax hike that

disproportionately hits families that go grocery

shopping more frequently.

Reusable bags tend to be unsanitary, which

causes major problems when they’re being used to

tote fresh produce and other groceries. A study in

the journal Food Protection Trends found that food

-borne illnesses could skyrocket with the increased

adoption of reusable bags.

The study found that 99 percent of reusable bags

tested contained bacteria; the figure was 0 percent

in new bags, or single-use plastic bags. These bacteria

were frequently dangerous, with E. Coli being

shockingly common in reusable bags.

So Chicago’s bag nannies are taking your money

under false pretenses, spending it on something

unrelated to its stated purposes, failing to solve the

problem they claim they’re addressing, and possibly

making you sick in the process.

Mayor Rahm Emanuel’s $8.2 billion budget passed

with unanimous support of the Chicago City Council on

Nov. 16, including a tax on consumers for paper and

plastic bags.

The 7-cent bag tax on plastic and paper bags at the

grocery store — or at any Chicago store without reusable

bags — follows efforts around the country to change

consumer behavior and reduce waste and harmful environmental

impact. Consumers can avoid paying the tax

by bringing their own reusable bags, thereby keeping

plastic and paper substitutes out of landfills.

At the same time, retailers receive 2 cents every time

the tax is levied and the rest goes to the city. The average

Chicago resident uses 500 plastic bags a year, totaling

1.3 billion for the whole city, according to environmental


The tax reverses a partial ban that went into effect

more than a year ago. The ban required large retailers to

replace thin plastic bags with thicker ones that are designed

to be reused. But consumers weren’t reusing the

bags, which are more expensive to make.


some policy experts aren’t convinced the new measure

will be any more effective than the last one.

Kevin Glass, policy director for the Franklin Center

for Government and Public Integrity, told the Cook

County Record that assessments of plastic bag taxes in

other cities have shown they may not have the environmental

impact public officials hope for.

“I have no doubt that they’re put forward with good

intentions, but, you know, the numbers show that they’re

largely ineffective on the environmental aspect of their

justification,” Glass said, citing a Washington Post review

of the Washington, D.C.’s 5-cent tax heralded as a

way to clean up the Anacostia River. The review found

that more of the money put in the Anacostia River Clean

Up and Protection Fund was used for school field trips

and worker salaries than for cleanup projects on the


Additionally, taxes that have been put in place on

various levels in states like California, Texas and Virginia,

among others, haven’t proven to change consumer

behavior, Glass said. Another unexpected downside

could be the reusable bags encouraged as substitutes,

which public health experts have said could pose a risk

because of the germs they carry.

Tax rates vary among http://s3.amazonaws.com/ssu

s a / c o m p a n i e s / M z Q y M z Q 1 s w Q A / u p l o a d s /

AC_Green_Logo.jpgthose who have put them in place.

Washington, D.C., charges less than the new rate in Chicago,

but some charge much more. Some, like the Better

Government Association, have publicly criticized the

few cents the city of Chicago settled on because it’s

unlikely to actually deter shoppers from using plastic

bags, making the tax just another revenue stream for the

city. The city expects to bring in $12.9 million from the

tax next year.

Glass said he thinks the mayor’s intentions are genuine,

but he said the few cents per bag will add up for low

-income shoppers, who may be disproportionately affected

by the charge. He said he believes neither a ban

nor a tax has enough of an upside to be worthwhile.

“It’s a surprisingly complicated issue, but the downsides,

I think, across the board, really outweigh the upsides,”

Glass said. “This is an evolution of what Chicago

has been trying to do. And they’ve obviously failed multiple

times before at what they’re aiming for. I just worry

that they’re going to try over and over again to restructure

or reorient how they’re either taxing or prohibiting

bags and none of it’s going to see the upside they’re

really searching for.”

Sources: http://watchdog.org, cookcountyrecord.com

According to Forbes Magazine in 2016 there were 1,810

billionaires with a net worth of $6.5 trillion.

February Chicago Street Journal April 2017


The Real organizer of the Bus Boycott

E.D. Nixon: The Forgotten Hero

Edgar Daniel Nixon (July 12, 1899 – February

25, 1987), known as E. D. Nixon, was a

civil rights leader and union organizer in Alabama

who played a crucial role in organizing

the landmark Montgomery Bus Boycott there

in 1955. The boycott highlighted the issues of

segregation in the South, was upheld for more

than a year by black residents, and nearly

brought the city-owned bus system to bankruptcy.

It ended in December 1956, after the

United States Supreme Court ruled in the

related case, Browder v. Gayle (1956), that the

local and state laws were unconstitutional, and

ordered the state to end bus segregation.

Nixon was president of the local chapter of

the National Association for the Advancement

of Colored People (NAACP), the Montgomery

Welfare League, and the Montgomery

Voters League. At the time, Nixon already led

the Montgomery branch of the Brotherhood of

Sleeping Car Porters union, known as the

Pullman Porters Union, which he had helped


Martin Luther King Jr. described Nixon as

"one of the chief voices of the Negro community

in the area of civil rights," and "a symbol

of the hopes and aspirations of the long oppressed

people of the State of Alabama." [1]

Edgar D. Nixon was born to Wesley M.

Nixon and Sue Ann Chappell Nixon. As a

child, Nixon received 16 months of formal

education, as black students were ill-served in

the segregated public school system. His

mother died when he was young, and he and

his seven siblings were reared among extended

family in Montgomery. [2] His father

was a Baptist minister. [1]

After working in a train station baggage

room, Nixon rose to become a Pullman car

porter, which was a well-respected position

with good pay. He was able to travel around

the country and worked steadily. He worked

with them until 1964. In 1928, he joined the

new union, the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car

Porters, helping organize its branch in Montgomery.

He also served as its president for

many years. [1]

Marriage and family

Nixon married Alease (who died in 1934),

and they had a son, E. D. Nixon, Jr. (1928–

2011). He became an actor known by the

stage name of Nick La Tour. His son Lionel

Nixon ________________________ [2]

Nixon later married Arlette Nixon, who

was with him during many of the civil rights

events. [2]

Civil rights activism

Years before the bus boycott,

Nixon had worked for voting

rights and civil rights for African

Americans in Montgomery. Like

other blacks in the state, they had

been essentially disenfranchised

since the start of the 20th century

by changes in the Alabama state

constitution and electoral laws. He

also served as an unelected advocate

for the African-American

community, helping individuals

negotiate with white office holders,

policemen, and civil servants.

Nixon joined the National Association

for the Advancement of Colored People

(NAACP), becoming president of the

Montgomery chapter and, within two years,

president of the state organization.

In 1940, Nixon organized 750 African

Americans to march to the Montgomery

County courthouse and attempt to register to

vote. They were unsuccessful, as the white

Democrats used subjective rules to exclude

them. [2]

In 1954, he was the first black to run for a

seat on the county Democratic Executive


Challenging bus segregation

In the early 1950s, Nixon and Jo Ann Robinson,

president of the Women's Political

Council, decided to mount a court challenge

to the discriminatory seating practices on

Montgomery's municipal buses, along with a

boycott of the bus company. A Montgomery

ordinance reserved the front seats on these

buses for white passengers only, forcing African-American

riders to sit in the back. The

middle section was available to blacks unless

the bus became so crowded that white passengers

were standing; in that case, blacks were

supposed to give up their seats and stand if

necessary. Blacks constituted the majority of

riders on the city-owned bus system.

Before the activists could mount

the court challenge, they needed

someone to voluntarily violate the

bus seating law and be arrested for

it. Nixon carefully searched for a

suitable plaintiff. The final choice

was Rosa Parks, the elected secretary

of the Montgomery NAACP.

Nixon had been her boss, although

he said, "Women don't need to be

nowhere but in the kitchen." When

she asked, "Well, what about me?",

he replied, "I need a secretary and

you are a good one."\

On December 1, 1955, Parks entered a

Montgomery bus, refused to give up her seat

for a white passenger, and was arrested. After

being called about Parks' arrest, Nixon went to

bail her out of jail. After years of working

with Parks, Nixon was certain that she was the

ideal candidate to challenge the discriminatory

seating policy. Even so, Nixon had to

persuade Parks to lead the fight. After consulting

with her mother and husband, Parks accepted

the challenge.

Organizing the boycott

After Parks' arrest, Nixon called a number

of local ministers to organize support for the

boycott; the third man he called was Martin

Luther King Jr., a young minister who was

newly arrived from Atlanta, Georgia. King

said he would think about it and call back.

When King responded, he said that he would

participate in the boycott

Nixon met with Rev. Ralph David Abernathy

and Rev. E.N. French to plan the program

for the next boycott meeting. They came

up with a list of demands for the bus company,

named the new organization the Montgomery

Improvement Association (MIA), and

discussed candidates for president of the association.

Nixon recommended King to Abernathy

and French because Nixon believed that

King had not been compromised by dealing

with the local white power structure.

Nixon shared his labor and civil rights contacts

with the MIA, organizing financial and

other resources to help manage and support

the boycott. These were critical to its success.

Successful boycott

What was expected to be a short boycott

lasted 381 days. Despite fierce political opposition,

police coercion, personal threats, and

their own sacrifices, the he boycott continued.

Bus ridership plummeted, as blacks were the

majority riders in the system, and the bus

company was on the verge of financial ruin.

In late January a bomb was set off near the

home of Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., and on

February 1, 1956, a bomb exploded in front of

Nixon's home.

On June 5, 1956, a three-judge panel of the

US District Court ruled on Browder v. Gayle

and determined that Montgomery's segregation

law was unconstitutional, violating the

Fourteenth Amendment of the US Constitution.

On November 13, 1956, the US Supreme

Court upheld the lower court's ruling. On

December 17, 1956 the Supreme Court rejected

appeals by the city and state to reconsider

its decision.

At a later rally at New York City's Madison

Square Garden, Nixon talked about the symbolism

of the boycott to an audience of supporters:

“I'm from Montgomery, Alabama, a

city that's known as the Cradle of the Confederacy,

that had stood still for more than ninety

-three years until Rosa L. Parks was arrested

and thrown in jail like a common criminal....

Fifty thousand people rose up and caught hold

to the Cradle of the Confederacy and began to

rock it till the Jim Crow rockers began to reel

and the segregated slats began to fall out.”

After the boycott

Nixon's relationship with the MIA frequently

had sharp disagreements with others

in the group and competed for leadership. He

expressed resentment that King and Abernathy

had received most of the credit for the

boycott, as opposed to the local activists who

had already spent years organizing against

racism. But King admired Nixon, describing

him as "one of the chief voices of the Negro

community in the area of civil rights," and "a

symbol of the hopes and aspirations of the

long oppressed people of the State of Alabama."

Nixon resigned his post as MIA treasurer in

1957, writing a bitter letter to King complaining

that he had been treated as a child and a

"newcomer." Nixon continued to feud with

Montgomery's Black middle class community

for the next decade.

By the late 1960s, through a series of political

defeats, his leadership role in the MIA was

eliminated. After retiring from the railroad,

Nixon worked as the recreation director of a

public housing project. He continued to work

for civil rights, especially to improve housing

and education for blacks in Montgomery.

1985, Nixon received the Walter White

Award from the NAACP. In 1986, a year

before his death, Nixon’s house in Montgomery

was placed on the Alabama Register of

Landmarks and Heritage, in recognition of his

leadership in the state. [1]

Nixon died at the age of 87 in Montgomery

on February 25, 1987.

Now Available at AskingOurselvesTheToughQuestions.com


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Chicago Street Journal

Chuck Berry 1926– 2017

February Chicago Street Journal April 2017


Talking about the passing of Chuck Berry Sr., would not be news. A

tribute to him would be to dance and sing and wonder what it would be

like to live the life of a legend. We have so few true ones. And, Mr.

Berry was one. Even in his last days, at age 90, he had spent time producing

and making plans to release an album later this year. (I bet you

dream about being able to swing like that in your 90’s.)

Born on October 18, 1926, into a middle-class family in St Louis Missouri

– his father a Baptist deacon, his mother a school principal. Chuck

started rolling and he didn’t stop.

It might be true that he left here, headed elsewhere on March 18, 2017

but I believe that somewhere out there a new rock ‘n roller is picking

“Maybelline” or “Johnny B. Goode” on his guitar. Because Rock ‘n Roll

lives forever.

I’m sure you’ve noticed

that there has been a tremendous

amount of film

work that has come to

Chicago in recent years.

Never before has there

been so many productions and so much work

available for extras in Chicago.

I started in this business in 2010, working as an

extra on various film projects. As a child, like

many others, my dream was to move to Los

Angeles and “make it” as an actor. The universe

has a way of working things out. For

those studying and aspiring actors and actresses;

pursuing a film career now -- no moving

to LA because it’s a reality in our city.

A question I get asked frequently is, “How did

you become an extra?” Breaking into the business

of becoming a background actor can be

much harder than it appears, but with proper

research, it can be done on a regular basis.

Browsing the web for extra’s casting agencies

in your town or city is a great way to start.

Select those that have good online reputations.

Most casting agencies need you to register.

Registration is typically done through e-mail

and the information is listed on their web-sites.

Registering is painless but it requires you to

send in photos of yourself, which discourages

many people. Many don’t have professional

photos and luckily they are not necessary. (Of

course, as you move up in your career the right

head-shot and resume become more important.)

But, for now, don’t let that stop you. You

just need some nice images.

Many casting websites have Facebook pages,

where their castings calls are listed. It is crucial

to follow those notices. If you fit the criteria

posted you can freely submit the required information

for those jobs. If you are lucky

enough to get booked you will be notified.

When you are called, they will tell you what

type of clothing to bring, along with your call

time and location. Wardrobe is important because

as an extra it’s your job to enhance the

scenes with a certain dimension. There are

people on the set who will assist in making

sure you have the correct look. (Or dimension.)

But it is not something to rely on every time

you work. You need to bring something to the


Being on set can be a big waiting game so

prepare yourself. Bring snacks, reading material,

etc., to help pass the time. You could have

a long wait before you are called to be in a


Speaking from personal experience, it pays to

be professional. This means don’t have conversations

with the talent, don’t approach them for

photos, or ask to leave the set early. Be courteous

to everyone. Taking set “conduct” seriously

can set you apart in a positive way and

determine if you’ll ever get called back. Above

all, treat it as you would any other regular job

and remain humble and realistic.

Following these basic rules can be the difference

between being upgraded to a principle

role on set or remaining in the background.

Extras don’t get upgraded often, so don’t go to

the set thinking that you are going to get discovered

and become a star. But it does happen.

I’ve seen it happen and you’ve got to be in the

right place at the right time to make it happen.

So for those still interested in getting involved

in becoming a background actor, there is no

better time than now, so get out there and

grow! You may never have this opportunity

again in your lifetime.

Andre Bellos—is an up and coming Chicago

actor who has appeared as an extra in Chi-raq

and Empire.

February 2017

10 April 2017

Chicago Street Journal

God’s Field

One Body

“I will tell of your name to my brothers; in the

midst of the congregation I will sing your praise.”

Heb. 2:22

The Hebrew word for “sanctuary” is mikdash,

which comes from the root word kadash, “to be set

apart as sacred.” Other words that share this root

include kedushah (holiness), kiddushin (betrothal),

kaddish (sanctification), kiddush

(marking sacred time and so forth).

The Tabernacle, called the mishkan,

presented a form of “mediation” that

provided symbols to help bring

“heaven down to earth.” It was a “set

apart place” intended for rest and

intimacy. Note that the gematria of

the word mishkan is the same as the

word shema, “heart” or “listen”. The word

“ekklesia” is the Greek translation of the original

Hebrew word “qahal”, which is an assembly, congregation

and company - The assembly of God’s

people are being gathered and assembled together

into an unseen structure, unseen company, and

unseen family by our unseen Father (not immediately

visible to the earthly – see Ez. 37:26). In W.

Tyndale’s translation of the Bible into English, he

translated the word “ekklesia” as “congregation”

even though there were churches around when

Tyndale was alive. He completed his translation in

1525 (86 years before the King James version) and

he associated a church with idolatry and pagan

religions. He used the word “church” in his translation;

in relation to pagans and their places of

worship as in Acts. 19:37 “For ye have brough

hyther these me whiche are nether robbers of

churches nor yet despisers of you’re goddes.” King

James translation is ‘you have brought here these

men, who are neither robbers of temples, nor yet

blasphemers of your goddess”). Not once did Tyndale

interpret “qahal” or ekklesia” as a building or

“church”. “Ekklesia” is a composite noun made

up of two Greek works: “ek” meaning “out of” or

“away from”, and “Kaleo” meaning “called”. But

as the community (ha’edah) gathered (bahiqahel)

against them, Moses and Aaron turned toward the

Tent of Meeting; the cloud had covered it and the

Presence of Yehovah appeared (Num. 17:7).

the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem,

and to innumerable angels in festal gathering, and

to the assembly of the firstborn who are enrolled

in heaven… and to the sprinkled blood that speaks

a better word than the blood of Abel (see Heb.

12:18,19,22,23a, 24)”. Note: Jesus is called the

‘firstborn’ (see Heb. 1:6, 7, 14 the splendor of angels)

and His followers are granted His inheritance

as firstborn sons. “Therefore, since we are surrounded

by so great a cloud of witnesses, let us

also lay aside every weight, and sin which clings

so closely, and let us run with endurance the race

that is set before us (Heb. 12:1)”. “For He who

sanctifies and those who are sanctified all have

one source. That is why He is not ashamed to

call them brothers (Heb. 2:11).”

When Yahushua (Jesus) asked his talmidim

(disciples) who they understood him to be,

Shim’on Petros (Simon Peter) answered him,

“Atah hu, haMashiach, ben El Chai” _ “You are

he, the Messiah, Son of the Mighty One who

lives.” And Yahushua (Jesus) replied, _flesh and

blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father

who is in heaven. “And I tell you, you are Peter,

and on the Rock I will build my Ekklesia (a following,

assembly, congregation) – and the powers

of Death shall not prevail against it (Matt. 16:18)”.

The present True Congregation of the Almighty

should bear witness of that ‘QAHAL’ empowered

by the Ruach HaQodesh. “Therefore let us be

grateful for receiving a kingdom that cannot be

shaken, and thus let us offer to God acceptable

worship, with reverence and awe, for our God is a

consuming fire (Heb. 12:28, 29)”.

“We are not abandoning our being gathered together

in one Place as is the custom and rite of

some in their institutions and religions that take the

place of Christ but we enter the great assembly...as

we see the Day approaching” (see Heb. 10:25).

The Greek word used in this verse for “assemble

together” is not “ekklesia”, but “episynagoge”.

This word means “gathering together in one

place”, “gathered with others already assembled”.

The word is used only in one other verse of scripture,

2Thess. 2:1-3 which is not about attending a

place physically here on earth, but of being gathered

in One Place spiritually. It must be an assembling,

a gathering together that is brought about

by, and for, Christ and as such may not look like

what we would expect.

Art from CSJ publisher of the Great Migration, before on the Cliff Kelley

WVON show guest addressing the business of the Great Migration

included Arness Dancy of the Black Chamber of Commerce, Normal

Williams formerly of Illinois Service Federal and Ron Carter, chairman

“Then all the children of Israel went out, and the

congregation was gathered together as one man,

from Dan even to Beer-sheba, with the land of

Gilead, unto YHVH in Mizpah (Judges 20:1). We

are not called out to be individual “ones” isolated

and alone; we are called out to be together in a

heavenly company and community that is being

assembled and gathered together in Christ, “who

died for us so that whether we are awake or asleep

we might live with him” (1 Thes. 5:10). “For you

have not come to what may be touched, a blazing

fire and darkness and gloom and a tempest and the

sound of a trumpet and a voice whose words made

the hearers beg that no further messages be spoken

to them. But you have come to Mount Zion and to

About the Spiritual Editor:

Frances Beth Harris, as a Florida native enjoys

early morning bike, beach and park trails. She is a

committee member at the Quaker House of the

Palm Beaches and a host on four different shows

at: www.blogtalkradio.com/soulpurposehealing on

Thursdays. In 2003, she founded Beth International

Ministries. A contemplative community that

reveals the active presence of Christ through intercessory

prayer, Scripture, music and spiritual mentoring,

to advance our efforts against sexism, economic

exploitation, complex childhood trauma and

human trafficking. You may email or text Beth at:

bethprayer@gmail.com or 561.907.6671.

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Contact Tina and request a FREE sample.

February 2017

Chicago Street Journal April 2017

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February 2017

12 April 2017

Chicago Street Journal



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February 2017

Chicago Street Journal April 2017

Ron Carter – THE ARTIST – has been

the Publisher and Editor of South Street

Journal (SSJ) now Chicago Street Journal

(CSJ) for almost 24 years. He has ran for office,

been a community organizer, been in the

military and is a former Black Panther. Yet,

the thing that is mentioned least of all about

him is his creative side. The artist in him.


So, on this page and the proceeding you can

preview just a few of the pieces from his collection.

All are available for purchase. In addition,

you may even request portraits for

Mother’s Day, graduation and wedding gifts.

Look for other pieces in future editions.

THE ARTIST can be reached at 773-595-

5229 or send an email to ChicagoStJournal@aol.com.

February 2017

14 April 2017

Chicago Street Journal

southern masters. Therefore, we have to live with the notion that only black life matters. Not that

others don't, because they do. But in terms of where we live, or even work, if you are surrounded

by others, you have to build within those confines.

Blacks have to unapologetically act as though black life matters most, and at all times. Respectfully,

that's the way other races conduct themselves. And it's nothing wrong with that. Your race

is like your family. You should always take care of your family, first. That's why during these

black days of history, I'll salute my heroes. People, who even through their controversial lives,

have inspired millions, and have made a significant impact on their communities.

Leaders like Malcolm X, Carter G. Woodson, Dr. Martin King, Ghandi, Frederick Douglass,

Sojourner Truth, Ida B. Wells, Robert Johnson, Gwendolyn Brooks, John H. Johnson, Madame

C.J. Walker, Oprah, Steve Jobs, Haki Madhubuti, Bill Garth, Henry English, Don

Starks, Barack Obama, Melody Spann-Cooper, Dr. Eric Whitaker, Charlie Rose, Michael

Everyday is Black History

Black history is my history. I live it everyday. Therefore, outside of the symbolic gesture that was

granted to US by old southern masters, I recommend we show our strength

by rejecting Black History Month as the only celebrated month for black


Demand that black culture be saluted each and everyday. But that requires

that all negroes, even the ones who love old southern masters better than

they love themselves, to shut up and step aside. Because they will perform

like the Samuel Jackson character in DJango Unchained, and express how

his southern boss knows what's best for US colored people.

No, really, I don't like the fact that black people get overly excited when

Black History Month comes around each year, as though they actually can't embrace black accomplishments

outside of the month of February. It's absolutely shocking! This goes with what I

stated a few days ago in one of my Works of Words, that black folks need an image make-over. A

new definition. A new purpose. WE need a new direction. Because we have lost our way. We are

confused to what is expected of US from the southern master.

Now, when I say (WE), of course I don't mean all. Half of US understand this country very well

and what they've done to brainwash the Negro race. We know that nothing we do or say, or no

matter how much we rise, blacks will always be considered less than by the majority of the old

Bloomberg, Father Pfleger, Merry Green, Thurgood Marshall, A. Phillip Randolph, Sidney

Poitier, Harry Belafonte, Bill Cosby, Don Cornelius, Louis Farrakhan, Rev. Jesse Jackson.

There are others. I'll name more of my inspired heroes as this month continues to honor personalities

who transformed lives.

I love the underdog. I love people who take risks and go against the grain.

I also love smart and innovative people who understand their chosen profession--who've

built something from nothing. These are every day individuals,

like myself, who had dreams and sacrificed their names and

brand to keep the lights on and stay committed to their vision even when

the 'background noise' was against US!

This is one of the main reasons that I founded MG Media. This is my

publishing and marketing company, through which I've created three

different magazines over the nearly last two decades, along with the news

service. I wanted to profile emerging leaders, the best and brightest of my community. I grew-up

seeing too many negative images of black folks. I knew there was more to my race than gangs,

drugs and violent stereotypes.

I'm the kind of dude who just doesn't complain. I'm about action, every day, not just 28 days in

February. I deserve more than a few days to have my story told. WE deserve and have earned

more than that! Make sure that we recognize black history as America's history 365. Until the

next edition..... Peace and One Love. I Write to Differ.....Carl West—

TBTNewsService.com/ MG Media

February 2017

Chicago Street Journal April 2017


16 April February 2017

Chicago Street Journal

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