Africa Automotive May-June digital issue 2019

Africa Automotive prides itself to be the ONLY Africa’s leading and MOST authoritative magazine for the automotive industry in Africa with printed copies for the automotive industry decision makers in both government, NGO’s and private sector. The Bi-monthly magazine offers cost effective advertising services that get results and improves growth in the auto B2C and B2B sector, keeping an eye on latest technologies in Africa and across the world, the magazine predominately covers the developments in the Africa auto industry.

Africa Automotive prides itself to be the ONLY Africa’s leading and MOST authoritative magazine for the automotive industry in Africa with printed copies for the automotive industry decision makers in both government, NGO’s and private sector. The Bi-monthly magazine offers cost effective advertising services that get results and improves growth in the auto B2C and B2B sector, keeping an eye on latest technologies in Africa and across the world, the magazine predominately covers the developments in the Africa auto industry.


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<strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> <strong>2019</strong> Volume 3 <strong>issue</strong> no. 3<br />

<strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong><br />

Vehicle Tracking<br />

in Fleet management<br />

GPS vehicle tracking can be the pivotal edge over your business<br />

In this <strong>issue</strong>......<br />

The role of additives<br />

in motor oil performance....pg<br />

26<br />

<strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong><br />

Apollo unveils new Aspire<br />

XP summer tyre....pg 10<br />

Modern tire technology<br />

the technological innovations<br />

of the modern tire era....pg 31<br />

<strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> 1

2 <strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> <strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong>

Managing Editor<br />

Francis David<br />

Contents<br />

Editor-in-Chief<br />

Augustine Rang’ondi<br />

Editor<br />

Dorcas Kang’ereha<br />

Writer<br />

Violet Ambale<br />

Harriet Mkhaye<br />

Irene Joseph<br />

Innocent Momanyi<br />

Sales Executives<br />

East <strong>Africa</strong><br />

Jimmy Mudasia<br />

Lydia Kamonya<br />

Caiser Momanyi<br />

Vincent Murono<br />

Sheila Ing’ayitsa<br />

South <strong>Africa</strong><br />

Paul Nyakeri<br />

Sean Masangwanyi<br />

Lisa Brown<br />

Thembisa Ndlovu<br />

Nigeria<br />

Emelda Njomboro<br />

Uche Maxwel<br />

NEWS PG 4-9<br />

Kenya suspends age limit law for imported<br />

second-hand cars<br />

Isuzu inks vehicle financing deal with Gulf<br />

<strong>Africa</strong>n Bank<br />

Auto-Springs East <strong>Africa</strong> opens factory in<br />

Limuru<br />

KEBS bans import of used car parts<br />

Mercedes-Benz has plans to expand C-Class<br />

production in SA<br />

Component manufacturing demand<br />

AUTOSHOW PG 18-19<br />

AUTOEXPO <strong>Africa</strong> <strong>2019</strong><br />

Testing Expo China<br />

Autonomous Vehicle Technology Expo<br />


Apollo unveils new Aspire XP summer tyre<br />

CASE Construction Equipment unveils<br />

methane-powered wheel loader concept<br />

Continental’s Cutting-Edge Tyres<br />


Vehicle tracking devices market in <strong>Africa</strong><br />

Big adoption curve in Auto safety technology<br />


Importance of GPS (Cover story)<br />

The role of additives in motor oil performance<br />

Modern tire technology<br />

REVIEW<br />

2020 Range Rover Gets Mild-Hybrid<br />

Toyota Kenya launchesfifth generation<br />

Rav4<br />

Peugeot 3008 SUV Emerges ‘New Car Of<br />

The Year’ In Europe<br />


Regularly check your tire pressure and<br />

inspect your tire tread and sidewalls<br />

Driving safety tips every driver should know<br />

Also check Motorbike News<br />

pg 42-43<br />

Published by:<br />

Nailex <strong>Africa</strong> Publishing<br />

P.O. Box 10109, 00100<br />

Nairobi, Kenya.<br />

The Editor accepts letter and manuscripts for publication from readers<br />

all over the world. Include your name and address as a sign of<br />

good faith although you may request your name to be withheld from<br />

publication. We can reserve the right to edit any material submitted.<br />

Send your letters to: info@africaautomotivenews.com<br />

Disclaimer:<br />

Nailex <strong>Africa</strong> Publishing makes every effort to ensure the accuracy of the contents of its publications,<br />

but no warranty is made to such accuracy and no responsibility will be borne by the publisher for the<br />

consequences of actions based on information so published. Further, opinions expressed on interviews<br />

are not necessarily shared by Nailex <strong>Africa</strong> Publisher.<br />

<strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong><br />

<strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> 3

NEWS<br />

Kenya suspends age<br />

limit law for imported<br />

second-hand cars<br />

It was a relief for importers of<br />

second hand vehicles after the<br />

government suspended plans<br />

to cap the age limit for imported<br />

second-hand cars at five<br />

years from the current 8. While<br />

appearing before the Trade and<br />

Industries committee of the National<br />

Assembly, Trade CS Peter<br />

Munya the cap was a proposal. “It<br />

is still in its draft form and yet to<br />

undergo public participation,” said<br />

CS Munya.<br />

This was after the legislators aired<br />

concerns that the ministry was<br />

making policies without involving<br />

them. They even termed CS Munya’s<br />

pronouncement as roadside<br />

declaration.<br />

He however assured the lawmakers<br />

that the status quo remains until<br />

all stakeholders are involved and<br />

the policy is passed in Parliament.<br />

The new set of regulations seeks<br />

to cap importation of used cars<br />

from 8 to five years starting this<br />

July. In 2021, the limit is proposed<br />

to be three years and finally<br />

zero by the year 2024.<br />

The Kenyan government further<br />

wants restriction on importation<br />

of second hand vehicles of over<br />

1500cc and exceeding five years<br />

from date of manufacturing.<br />

The plan has since been met by<br />

strong opposition from dealers<br />

who say the business is the economic<br />

mainstay for over 2 million<br />

people, directly and indirectly.<br />

Some even told off the Kenya Bureau<br />

of Standards KeBS technical<br />

team saying the proposed national<br />

automotive policy is punitive and<br />

inconsiderate of their grievances.<br />

4 <strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> <strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong>

From Left: Isuzu EA CFO Charles Kariuki and Gulf <strong>Africa</strong>n Bank MD Abdalla Abdulkhalik after signing the asset finance deal in<br />

Nairobi<br />

Isuzu inks vehicle financing<br />

deal with Gulf <strong>Africa</strong>n Bank<br />

Financial deal has been signed<br />

between the Islamic lender<br />

Gulf <strong>Africa</strong>n Bank and the<br />

Isuzu East <strong>Africa</strong> to finance<br />

customers’ purchase of a wide<br />

range of trucks sold by the Japanese<br />

motor vehicle dealer.<br />

Gulf <strong>Africa</strong>n Bank Managing<br />

Director Abdalla Abdulkhalik said<br />

under the one-year deal the lender<br />

would provide up to 95% of<br />

funding while the customer would<br />

provide the remaining 5%. The<br />

financing arrangement targets both<br />

Muslim and non-Muslim clientele<br />

as Isuzu seeks to sell 1,000 units.<br />

“The financing is open to everybody,<br />

it is not limited to the<br />

Muslim faith but we are looking at<br />

the entire country to help people<br />

acquire the vehicles for their businesses,”<br />

said Mr. Abdulkhalik.<br />

Customers will enjoy a two-month<br />

grace period before they start making<br />

the monthly installments over<br />

a five-year duration to service the<br />

loans for the models that include<br />

Isuzu D-max, N series trucks and F<br />

series trucks.<br />

Increase sales<br />

Isuzu Finance and Strategy Director<br />

Charles Kariuki said the<br />

funds would be released within<br />

72-hours of an application under<br />

the deal as the firm seeks to<br />

increase sales.<br />

Isuzu was the only major dealer<br />

to grow sales in the first quarter<br />

ended March in what is attributed<br />

to special financing deals with<br />

lenders such as Co-op Bank.<br />

The dealer’s unit sales in the<br />

review period rose to 1,019 from<br />

891 a year earlier while orders in<br />

the overall industry fell 14.5% to<br />

2,741 units.<br />

Most dealers including Toyota<br />

Kenya and Simba Corporation<br />

recorded significant sales decline.<br />

Unit sales at Isuzu rose to 1,019<br />

from 891 while those of Toyota<br />

declined to 672 from 812. Simba<br />

Corp’s sales also fell to 487 from<br />

514.<br />

<strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong><br />

<strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> 5

“We are trying to reduce the level<br />

of imports of goods that can be made<br />

by companies like ASL without compromising<br />

on quality,” said Industrialization<br />

secretary Adan Mohamed.<br />

Mr. Mohamed said locally manufactured<br />

goods benefit local businesses,<br />

boosting the manufacturing sector’s<br />

contribution to the economy. The<br />

auto parts firm currently produces<br />

150 tonnes of springs each month.<br />

It has set its eyes on hitting a monthly<br />

production of 450 tonnes, its<br />

maximum capacity. The says it is in<br />

advanced talks with Japanese manufacturer,<br />

Honda, to supply its local<br />

operations.<br />

About Auto Springs East <strong>Africa</strong> (PLC)<br />

Auto Springs East <strong>Africa</strong> PLC newly opened factory in Limuru<br />

Auto-Springs<br />

East <strong>Africa</strong> opens<br />

factory in Limuru<br />

Car parts manufacturer Auto-Springs<br />

East <strong>Africa</strong> opens<br />

a new manufacturing plant<br />

in Limuru. The plant is set<br />

to create 600 additional jobs. The<br />

auto parts firm, which has moved its<br />

operations from Athi River to the new<br />

plant, already has about 200 employees<br />

on its payroll.<br />

The newly opened Sh.500 million<br />

plant will be hiring both skilled and<br />

semi-skilled workers. The new jobs<br />

projection is, however, partly dependent<br />

on the government’s resolve<br />

in implementing a legal notice that<br />

requires car manufacturers to source<br />

more than a third of their inputs<br />

locally.<br />

“If the government enforces Legal Notice<br />

489 which requires automotive<br />

assemblers to have 40% local content<br />

in their vehicle assemblies, then we<br />

can increase our production to three<br />

shifts that would require a workforce<br />

of 800 persons,” said Kevin Kihara,<br />

the Auto-Springs East <strong>Africa</strong> board<br />

chairman. The company produces<br />

wiring harness, leaf springs, bolts and<br />

nuts and agricultural machinery.<br />

According to the Economic Survey<br />

report, Kenya imported car parts<br />

and accessories worth Sh. 2 billion<br />

last year an increase from the Sh.1.7<br />

billion purchased in 2016 but lower<br />

than the Sh.3.6 bn peak recorded in<br />

2014.<br />

Its current market stretches across<br />

East, Central and Southern <strong>Africa</strong>n<br />

countries of Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia<br />

and the Democratic Republic of<br />

Congo. Among its biggest customers<br />

are Isuzu and Mitsubishi who order<br />

wiring harness for both buses and<br />

trucks. Toyota Kenya is also on its<br />

clients list.<br />

Auto-Springs East <strong>Africa</strong> got funding<br />

for the expansion from Mauritius-based<br />

SME financier, SFC Finance.<br />

The expansion loan comes months<br />

after Ascent Rift Valley Fund, a private<br />

equity firm, acquired a majority stake<br />

in the company in February this year.<br />

Auto Springs East <strong>Africa</strong> (PLC) is<br />

Kenya’s largest original equipment<br />

manufacturer to the Kenyan motor<br />

vehicle assembly sector. Auto Springs<br />

was established in the year 1979 and<br />

has been producing a wide range of<br />

products for motor vehicles specifically<br />

leaf springs, nuts and bolts (centre<br />

bolts, U bolts, wheel studs, shackle<br />

pins etc.) and wiring harnesses for various<br />

models of commercial vehicles.<br />

In addition to the above, the company<br />

manufactures a wide range of<br />

agricultural equipment including sugar<br />

Mill components. It is also involved<br />

in a wide range of chassis reinforcements,<br />

extensions and modification<br />

of springs to make them suitable for<br />

Kenyan roads.<br />

The factory is located in Limuru<br />

near the interchange of Kamandura<br />

Mai Mahiu Narok road and Eldoret<br />

Malaba road. The factory has modern<br />

and automated machinery to ensure<br />

quality and efficiency in production<br />

to meet the market demand. The<br />

factory has a strong technical team<br />

that is able to develop new products<br />

to meet the changes in technology in<br />

the motor vehicle industry. Our major<br />

customers in the assembly business<br />

are Isuzu East <strong>Africa</strong>, Simba Colt motors,<br />

Toyota Kenya and other industry<br />

players who distribute to garages<br />

and spare parts shops across the East<br />

<strong>Africa</strong> region.<br />

6 <strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> <strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong>

KEBS bans<br />

import of<br />

used car<br />

parts<br />

Thousands of second-hand<br />

motor vehicle spare parts<br />

dealers are staring at a bleak<br />

future after the Kenya Bureau<br />

of Standards (Kebs) moved to enforce<br />

a tough restriction on the importation<br />

of used car parts.<br />

The standards agency, in a notice sent<br />

out to pre-shipment cargo inspectors,<br />

has specified 17 categories of second-hand<br />

spare parts that are banned<br />

from entry into the country in a<br />

policy shift intended to rid the market<br />

of the used car parts.<br />

The policy change is part of the government’s<br />

agenda to gradually phase<br />

out second-hand vehicles with the<br />

ultimate aim of creating substantial<br />

demand for new, locally-assembled<br />

vehicles.<br />

The Ministry of Industrialisation has<br />

been developing regulations in the<br />

controversial National <strong>Automotive</strong><br />

Policy intended to restrict import<br />

of used cars that are older than five<br />

years, arguing that this will boost<br />

local manufacturers and create<br />

high-quality jobs in the long run.<br />

The law currently allows import of<br />

second-hand vehicles that are up to<br />

eight years old. Kebs Corporate Communications<br />

Manager Phoebe Gituku<br />

said the restriction applies only to<br />

used car parts and does not put any<br />

barriers for importers of new spares.<br />

List of items<br />

The Kebs notice is pegged on the<br />

agency’s standard KS2190:2013.<br />

This requires that parts like tyres, tierod-ends,<br />

bearings, spark plugs, clutch<br />

plates, brake pads, tubes, brake hose<br />

pipes, rubber bushes, filters, pressure<br />

plates, rack ends, ball joints, break<br />

and clutch cables among others are<br />

to be imported only as new.<br />

“The used motor vehicle spare parts<br />

are not to be imported. This is outlined<br />

in the Standard and implementation<br />

began in March 2018. Kebs<br />

has only restricted the used spare<br />

parts, not new ones,” said Ms Gituku.<br />

The move could be a blow to the<br />

hundreds of thousands of motorists<br />

who heavily rely on used motor vehicle<br />

spares, which are relatively cheaper<br />

and of better quality than new<br />

imports that mainly come from China,<br />

Taiwan, India and Indonesia.<br />

Tens of thousands of Kenyans are<br />

engaged in the used parts trade,<br />

mainly based in Nairobi’s Kirinyaga<br />

Road, Grogon and industrial areas<br />

with others scattered across major<br />

towns around the country. The used<br />

parts are mainly imported from Japan<br />

and Dubai.<br />

The Economic Survey <strong>2019</strong> shows<br />

that Kenyans spent Sh10.1 billion last<br />

year on importation of motor vehicle<br />

spare parts, most of which were<br />

second-hand, based on motorists’<br />

preference.<br />

Vehicle industry stakeholders<br />

Several motor vehicle industry stakeholders<br />

said the ban was retrogressive<br />

and it will only deny motorists the<br />

‘better quality’ used spares.<br />

Others saw the ban as a concealed<br />

effort to start implementing recommendations<br />

in the draft National<br />

<strong>Automotive</strong> Policy that is yet to be<br />

agreed on by all stakeholders.<br />

The Kenya Auto Bazaar Association<br />

secretary-general, Charles Munyori,<br />

said the proposal will unfairly punish<br />

users of second-hand spare parts.<br />

“I don’t think they are being genuine<br />

and you can see the whole conspiracy<br />

from the new motor vehicle dealers<br />

to take over the spares market as<br />

well. The government is not likely<br />

to achieve much because even the<br />

salvage motor vehicles still generate a<br />

significant portion of the second-hand<br />

parts. Some of the so called new parts<br />

are fake and break down very fast,”<br />

said Mr Munyori.<br />

A source within Kebs said the ban<br />

was originally intended to target<br />

parts with fast wear and tear but was<br />

expanded to target others that the<br />

government felt could be sourced<br />

locally.<br />

The Kenya Used Motor Parts Importers<br />

Association (KUMPIA), a lobby<br />

group of used car parts dealers, said<br />

members stand to suffer huge losses<br />

from the proposed policy changes.<br />

Continue reading online<br />

www.africaautomotivenews.com<br />

<strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong><br />

<strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> 7

Mercedes-Benz has plans to<br />

expand C-Class production in SA<br />

A<br />

fresh report suggests<br />

Mercedes-Benz is considering<br />

scrapping production<br />

of its C-Class<br />

in the United States, leading to<br />

speculation the German firm’s<br />

plant in South <strong>Africa</strong> could pick<br />

up the slack.<br />

The Stuttgart-based firm is mulling<br />

the end of C-Class sedan production<br />

in the US (despite having<br />

produced the model there for only<br />

the past five years), with a plan to<br />

build more SUVs instead.<br />

It quotes industry forecaster LMC<br />

<strong>Automotive</strong> as saying production<br />

of the C-Class sedan in Alabama<br />

will cease in the final quarter of<br />

2020.<br />

“The SUV has really expanded<br />

from a consumer standpoint,” said<br />

Jeff Schuster, president of global<br />

forecasting at LMC. “That’s where<br />

the volume is; that’s where the<br />

future is.”<br />

This could leave the door open for<br />

the automaker’s East London plant<br />

to increase its output (it apparently<br />

has 25% production capacity<br />

available), since the South <strong>Africa</strong>n<br />

operation already produces the<br />

vehicle in right- and left-handdrive<br />

form.<br />

In addition to Alabama and East<br />

London, the C-Class is built in<br />

Bremen (Germany) and Beijing<br />

(China).<br />

In <strong>June</strong> 2018, Mercedes-Benz<br />

announced the investment of an<br />

additional €600-million in the<br />

brand’s facilities in East London,<br />

effectively confirming the next generation<br />

of the C-Class would be<br />

built in SA. And in March <strong>2019</strong>,<br />

the 500 000th W205-generation<br />

C-Class rolled off the assembly<br />

line at its East London plant.<br />

8 <strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> <strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong>

Component<br />

manufacturing<br />

demand<br />

a good sign for South <strong>Africa</strong>’s<br />

automotive industry<br />

After 2021 South <strong>Africa</strong>’s<br />

automotive industry<br />

growth is set to be<br />

bigger when government<br />

policy demanding more than 50%<br />

local content kicks in. Promising<br />

growth in demand by vehicle manufacturers<br />

for South <strong>Africa</strong>n made<br />

automotive components cannot<br />

hide underlying challenges faced<br />

by the local components industry.<br />

According to the National Association<br />

of <strong>Automotive</strong> Component<br />

and Allied Manufacturers (Naacam),<br />

South <strong>Africa</strong>n component<br />

suppliers grew average rand sales<br />

by 10.7% in real terms between<br />

2016 and 2018.<br />

This is well ahead of vehicle<br />

production growth. The top 25%<br />

of suppliers grew sales by 16.5%.<br />

Average job numbers grew 3.5%<br />

over the period. Among leading<br />

companies, the figure for 2018<br />

alone was 6.4%. Average supplier<br />

operating profits rose 6.2% in<br />

2017 and 4.3% in 2018. Productivity<br />

also improved.<br />

The problem with these positive<br />

numbers is that many of them lag<br />

behind growth rates in rival supplier<br />

industries in developed and<br />

developing markets. Put simply,<br />

these markets are improving faster<br />

than South <strong>Africa</strong> meaning local<br />

suppliers risk becoming less globally<br />

competitive.<br />

That’s not good news in an industry<br />

where component-sourcing<br />

decisions are taken in Europe, Asia<br />

and the US.<br />

Michael Sacke, CEO of Commercial<br />

Vehicle Manufacturer Isuzu<br />

SA, said: “We are all part of global<br />

ecosystems and purchasing decisions<br />

are made elsewhere, for the<br />

good of the group.”<br />

Also concerning is that, according<br />

to the B&M report, fewer motor<br />

companies believe there are opportunities<br />

to increase purchases<br />

from current direct suppliers, or<br />

to commit to longer-term relationships.<br />

Despite this, Naacam<br />

Director Renai Moothilal said:<br />

“Opportunities exist in the areas of<br />

supplying more of current products,<br />

supplying additional products<br />

in the existing range, and supplying<br />

newly developed products.”<br />

Some good news<br />

The good news for South <strong>Africa</strong>n<br />

suppliers is that, from 2021, the<br />

government automotive policy<br />

will require motor companies to<br />

increase the value of local content<br />

in their vehicles by at least 50%.<br />

The current industry average of<br />

38% must reach 42% by 2023,<br />

then 60% by 2035.<br />

Some in the industry want this<br />

target to be imposed individually<br />

on each vehicle manufacturer.<br />

“Why should I have to exceed 60%<br />

and drag up the average because<br />

someone else is lagging?” said<br />

one MD – but Sacke said the idea<br />

is not feasible for his company,<br />

which bought the Port Elizabeth<br />

vehicle assembly assets of General<br />

Motors when the US company<br />

divested at the end of 2017.<br />

Isuzu SA, which produces bakkies<br />

and trucks, expects to build<br />

about 24 000 vehicles in <strong>2019</strong>,<br />

the smallest number, by some<br />

distance, of South <strong>Africa</strong>’s seven<br />

major manufacturers.<br />

“We simply don’t have the volumes<br />

that would make it feasible to<br />

undertake wholesale localisation,”<br />

Sacke said. “Realistically, we’ll never<br />

get local content above 30% to<br />

40%.” He accepts this means Isuzu<br />

SA won’t receive some incentives<br />

from the updated <strong>Automotive</strong><br />

Production and Development Programme<br />

(APDP).<br />

However, he says the company has<br />

an important role to play in the<br />

economy.<br />

“We employ 1 000 people in the<br />

assembly plant and another 4 000<br />

in our dealer network. We support<br />

430 service and component suppliers<br />

and spend billions of rand<br />

every year. We may be small in<br />

motor industry terms but we are a<br />

significant player in the economy,<br />

particularly in the Eastern Cape.”<br />

<strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong><br />

<strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> 9

Product<br />

Apollo unveils new Aspire<br />

XP summer tyre<br />

Apollo is launching a<br />

brand-new summer tyre<br />

onto the market called<br />

the Apollo Aspire XP.<br />

Leveraging on the very latest developments<br />

in terms of construction<br />

and material technologies, the<br />

Aspire XP combines outstanding<br />

levels of on-road comfort with a<br />

high degree of safety.<br />

Featuring a total line-up of 52<br />

SKUs, the Aspire XP replaces<br />

Apollo’s range of Aspire 4G and<br />

Apterra HP tyres. The brand is also<br />

increasing its market coverage in<br />

the 17”, 18” and 19” segment by<br />

adding 20 new sizes in both the<br />

car and SUV segments.<br />

Extensive research & development<br />

The new Aspire XP summer tyre<br />

ensures an outstanding driving<br />

experience for cars and SUV´s on<br />

both dry and wet roads. Safety<br />

and comfort were given an absolute<br />

priority during the research<br />

and development phase. An<br />

improved silica tread compound<br />

enhances handling on wet roads<br />

by 22% compared to the Aspire<br />

XP’s predecessors, while braking<br />

distance in wet road conditions<br />

has been improved by 7%.<br />

A similar picture emerges in<br />

terms of performance on dry<br />

roads. The Aspire XP’s stiffer outer<br />

shoulder blocks and central<br />

lane reduce the braking distance<br />

by 4% and ensure a higher<br />

degree of steering response<br />

accuracy. Superior comfort is<br />

also guaranteed: sipes placed<br />

on the inside shoulder of the<br />

tyre reduce interior noise and<br />

the use of more flexible sidewall<br />

materials has improved shock<br />

absorption.<br />

The Aspire XP will go on sale<br />

at the beginning of March and<br />

was first launched at the Geneva<br />

International Motor Show held<br />

from 8 to 18 March. The Apollo<br />

Aspire XP is being manufactured<br />

in Europe at the Apollo Vredestein<br />

plants in the Netherlands and<br />

Hungary<br />

10 <strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> <strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong>

CASE Construction Equipment unveils methane-powered<br />

wheel loader concept<br />

CASE Construction Equipment,<br />

a brand of CNH<br />

Industrial N.V. (:CNHI /<br />

MI:CHI) has announced<br />

an insight into a sustainable,<br />

connected and technologically<br />

advanced future of construction at<br />

the Bauma trade show in Munich,<br />

Germany, with the unveiling of its<br />

methane-powered wheel loader<br />

concept – ProjectTETRA.<br />

Jointly developed by the CNH<br />

Industrial international design and<br />

CASE engineering teams, this concept<br />

is a clear departure from anything<br />

seen to date in the construction<br />

industry. The concept reflects<br />

both the increasing importance of<br />

alternative fuels, and demonstrates<br />

their viability in the construction<br />

environment: the concept wheel<br />

loader is powered by a proven<br />

methane engine, produced by<br />

sister brand FPT Industrial, and<br />

delivers exactly the same performance<br />

as its diesel equivalent.<br />

This is combined with cutting edge<br />

styling and an advanced operator<br />

environment, which makes<br />

extensive use of touchscreen<br />

and voice control technologies.<br />

Furthermore, innovative<br />

safety features include biometric<br />

technologies together with<br />

an obstacle detection system,<br />

which is derived from CNH<br />

Industrial’s autonomous vehicle<br />

research and development<br />

program.<br />

CASE has demonstrated the<br />

feasibility of this concept in a<br />

range of real-world construction<br />

environments as well as<br />

proving the business case, in<br />

terms of sustainability, reduced<br />

overall total cost of ownership<br />

and operational viability.<br />

The CASE methane-powered<br />

wheel loader concept is<br />

testament to CNH Industrial’s<br />

longstanding commitment to<br />

alternative fuel technologies,<br />

and is further proof of the<br />

practicability and flexibility<br />

of natural gas, demonstrating its<br />

viability in both on and off road<br />

applications.<br />

CNH Industrial N.V. (: CNHI /MI:<br />

CNHI) is a global leader in the<br />

capital goods sector with established<br />

industrial experience, a wide<br />

range of products and a worldwide<br />

presence. Each of the individual<br />

brands belonging to the Company<br />

is a major international force in<br />

its specific industrial sector: Case<br />

IH, New Holland Agriculture and<br />

Steyr for tractors and agricultural<br />

machinery; Case and New Holland<br />

Construction for earth moving<br />

equipment; Iveco for commercial<br />

vehicles; Iveco Bus and Heuliez<br />

Bus for buses and coaches; Iveco<br />

Astra for quarry and construction<br />

vehicles; Magirus for firefighting<br />

vehicles; Iveco Defence Vehicles<br />

for defence and civil protection;<br />

and FPT Industrial for engines and<br />

transmissions. More information<br />

can be found on the corporate<br />

website: www.cnhindustrial.com<br />

<strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong><br />

<strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> 11

Continental’s Cutting-Edge Tyres<br />

Continental’s latest and most<br />

advanced passenger car tyres<br />

provide unparalleled safety<br />

and performance, according<br />

to the latest independent tyre tests<br />

conducted in Germany.<br />

In a recent summer tyre test conducted<br />

by German car magazine, Auto<br />

Zeitung, the PremiumContact 6 from<br />

Continental led the field by a comfortable<br />

margin compared to eight<br />

competitor summer tyres and one<br />

all-season tyre. The test was conducted<br />

using 235/45 R18 tyres, fitted to<br />

a Skoda Superb station wagon.<br />

Scoring a total of 277 points out of<br />

300 and earning first place on the<br />

wet and dry road tests, the Continental<br />

tyre finished a clear 25 points<br />

ahead of its nearest rival. “Maximum<br />

safety, a high level of comfort and<br />

superior dynamic handling,” summed<br />

up the Auto Zeitung testers.<br />

The PremiumContact 6 is a passenger<br />

car and SUV summer tire for compact-class<br />

models and above. It is approved<br />

for speeds of up to 300 km/h.<br />

It is original equipment (OE) fitment<br />

for a wide range of vehicles and is<br />

approved by numerous renowned<br />

automakers for fitting ex-works.<br />

The winning streak continued for<br />

the PremiumContact 6 in AutoBild<br />

magazine’s big summer tyre test,<br />

where it was awarded the top “exemplary”<br />

rating, as well as being named<br />

“Eco-Champion.” The journalists<br />

tested a total of 50 different 225/45<br />

R17 tyres from European, American<br />

and Asian manufacturers fitted to a<br />

BMW 1-Series.<br />

The AutoBild experts from Hamburg<br />

described the PremiumContact 6 as<br />

“a premium tyre that offers balanced,<br />

safe handling on wet roads, short wet<br />

and dry braking distances, fuel-saving<br />

rolling resistance, high mileage and<br />

good economy.”<br />

Specialist 4×4 magazine AutoBild Allrad<br />

also praised the PremiumContact<br />

6 based on the outcome of its test<br />

of 10 different 225/55 R 17 tyres,<br />

a size suitable for compact SUVs.<br />

Amongst the offerings from Europe,<br />

America and Asia, the Continental<br />

tyre scored the highest rating: “exemplary”.<br />

“Top handling properties on<br />

dry roads; short wet and dry braking<br />

distances,” the magazine commented.<br />

While AutoBild Allrad accredited<br />

most of the models tested with good<br />

safety-relevant properties, there were<br />

critical words for one product from<br />

Asia: “Cheap tyre from the Far East<br />

with marked weaknesses in the wet.<br />

Understeer on dry and wet roads,<br />

dangerously long braking distances,”<br />

was the conclusion as the magazine<br />

handed out a “not recommended”<br />

rating.<br />

set the benchmark for safety<br />

and performance<br />

12 <strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> <strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong>

Under the heading “Pitstop”, Auto-<br />

Bild Sportscars reported on its latest<br />

summer tyre test, which evaluated<br />

11 tyres in the 245/45 R 18 size.<br />

Once again, the PremiumContact 6<br />

from Continental was awarded the<br />

best possible rating: “exemplary”. “A<br />

balanced peak performer delivering<br />

impressive dynamic performance on<br />

wet and dry roads, steady and safe<br />

handling in the wet and dry, a precision<br />

steering response in the wet, and<br />

short wet and dry braking distances,”<br />

was how the journalists summed up<br />

their findings.<br />

The PremiumContact 6 recorded<br />

high scores for safety-relevant criteria<br />

in particular: In the dry braking,<br />

aquaplaning and wet handling tests,<br />

for example, it scored good and very<br />

good marks as it laid the foundations<br />

for the best rating that the magazine<br />

awards.<br />

The ultra-high-performance Continental<br />

SportContact 6 also earned the<br />

highest accolades, winning the tyre<br />

test published by sportauto magazine<br />

by a substantial margin. The sports<br />

tyre from Hanover was the only one<br />

of nine contenders to score the top<br />

“highly recommended” rating.<br />

Responsible for delivering this fine<br />

result were the tyre’s balanced, sporty<br />

characteristics on wet and dry surfaces,<br />

as the Continental tyre turned<br />

in the best performance of all the<br />

products on test in both test segments.<br />

Summing up their verdict, the<br />

testers from Stuttgart wrote: “Shortest<br />

stopping distances and safe understeer<br />

in the wet; sporty, direct steering<br />

response and high dynamic stability<br />

in the dry; crystal clear feedback,<br />

outstanding directional stability and<br />

unequivocal vehicle reactions.”<br />

The test line-up included nine size<br />

245/30 R 20 Y tires from European,<br />

American and Asian manufacturers.<br />

The test vehicle was a Honda Civic<br />

Type R. While the SportContact 6<br />

scored the top “highly recommended”<br />

rating, one competitor was awarded<br />

“recommended” status and all the<br />

other products were rated “moderately<br />

recommended”.<br />

With the SportContact 6, Continental<br />

has a super sports tyre for the ultra-high-performance<br />

segment in its<br />

portfolio that demonstrates substantial<br />

improvements over its predecessor,<br />

primarily in terms of handling,<br />

precision steering response and highspeed<br />

capability.<br />

To put this tyre’s superior performance<br />

onto the road, Continental’s<br />

development engineers reformulated<br />

the chemical composition of the tread<br />

strip, redesigned the tread pattern,<br />

and revamped the construction of the<br />

tyre. The SportContact 6 is approved<br />

for speeds of up to 350 km/h and is<br />

fitted ex-works by numerous manufacturers<br />

of sports and super sports<br />

cars.<br />

<strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong><br />

<strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> 13

Interview<br />

Kassim Hassanali Operations Director NAJ TRACKING LIMITED<br />

Vehicle tracking devices<br />

NAJ Tracking Ltd, offers Fleet<br />

Tracking, Fuel management<br />

and 24Hrs vehicle recovery<br />

solutions. They are created<br />

by Family and corporate values,<br />

demonstrated by motor security personnel,<br />

24Hrs surveillance solutions.<br />

<strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News conducted<br />

an interview with Kassim Hassanali,<br />

NAJ Tracking Ltd Operations Director<br />

in regards to tracking devices market<br />

in <strong>Africa</strong>.<br />

How is Naj Tracking Limited performance<br />

since its inventory?<br />

NAJ Tracking has grown progressively<br />

from car <strong>digital</strong> accessories enterprise<br />

to undisputed FLEET & FUEL<br />


over 10 technology and innovation<br />

Awards in the last 2 years. And as<br />

the CEO I have won 3 awards including<br />

top 40 Under 40 MEN in Kenya.<br />

market in <strong>Africa</strong><br />

How is the <strong>Africa</strong>n market in<br />

regards to tracking devices and<br />

software development?<br />

Tracking in most <strong>Africa</strong>n countries<br />

lags behind due to limited GSM/<br />

GPRS coverage on which most<br />

devices relies on for data upload,<br />

but in countries with better coverage<br />

like Kenyan market where Tracking is<br />

picking up, Another important factor<br />

is software wise in terms of functionality<br />

& performance –The European<br />

developed software’s are still most<br />

preferred compared to locally developed<br />

Systems because of their prowess<br />

in Fleet reporting capabilities.<br />

As a car tracker developer, are<br />

there challenges in the market<br />

industry in <strong>Africa</strong>?<br />

The <strong>Africa</strong>n market is being saturated<br />

with cheap, unlicensed poor performance<br />

software’s from Asia, which<br />

is affecting ability of offering <strong>Africa</strong>n<br />

market with state of the art quality<br />

systems, other underlying <strong>issue</strong> is lack<br />

of access to software’s development<br />

tools, to allow developers to come<br />

up with a functional effective systems<br />

that are user friendly and on point.<br />

If yes, what do you think can be<br />

done to address the challenges?<br />

Critical Tracking information is held<br />

by these systems, with millions of<br />

automotive data fleet reports being<br />

generated, and thus the government<br />

should deal with quarks, operating<br />

as Vehicle tracking service providers.<br />

With unlicensed software’s used in<br />

transport industries to enhance <strong>Africa</strong><br />

development of high quality systems.<br />

Any, considerations of partnership<br />

with other car tracking developers?<br />

14 <strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> <strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong>

Yes, we are looking forward to partner<br />

with other developers mostly in our<br />

neighboring borders of Uganda, Tanzania<br />

and Rwanda; this is to give us a<br />

position to venture in the untapped<br />

market in these countries.<br />

In terms of developing products,<br />

what is your expansion strategy?<br />

Our number one priority is to have<br />

the very best products in the telematics<br />

industry today and especially<br />

maintaining our core in Fuel Management.<br />

Naj Tracking has also partnered<br />

with Banks & Asset finance institutions,<br />

Transport industries, Parastatals,<br />

vehicle leasing companies, Taxis and<br />

Tours companies.<br />

Having Branches has made it easier<br />

for our clients to get quality service<br />

country wide & establishment of mini<br />

control rooms within the East <strong>Africa</strong><br />

region to monitor and recover vehicles<br />

fast and timely in motor security<br />

operations.<br />

NAJ Tracking Ltd:<br />

The award winning<br />

<strong>digital</strong> motor security<br />

company<br />

Uniquely pronounced with<br />

10 awards, including the<br />

East <strong>Africa</strong> maritime awards<br />

in Vehicle tracking and Fuel<br />

management by their European<br />

Technology<br />

The award winning <strong>digital</strong><br />

motor security company,<br />

NAJ Tracking Ltd, offers Fleet<br />

Tracking, Fuel management<br />

and 24Hrs vehicle recovery solutions.<br />

They are created by Family and corporate<br />

values, demonstrated by motor<br />

security personnel, 24Hrs surveillance<br />

solutions.<br />

Uniquely pronounced with 10<br />

awards, including the East <strong>Africa</strong> maritime<br />

awards in Vehicle tracking and<br />

Fuel management by their European<br />

Technology. Since their establishment<br />

they have grown with branches county<br />

wide in Kenya.<br />

Success rate<br />

Having partnered with the very best<br />

in Europe for Fleet & Fuel tracking<br />

hardware manufactures & software<br />

developers, their system enjoy a success<br />

rate of 99-100% accuracy, with<br />

an integrated system capability hence<br />

it can take over 30 add ons.<br />

Eg, Driver behavior & identification,<br />

driver rating, Sos panic buttons, voice<br />

monitoring, temperature sensors,GPS/<br />

GPRS/Glonass satellite receiver capability<br />

with critical accuracy in Fuel<br />

tank, Fuel consumption, Refuel and<br />

Fuel theft in real time reports. Also<br />

their system offers Fleet management<br />

& maintenance capable of managing<br />

fleet events of next service, insurance<br />

expiry, spare parts & batteries warranties<br />

etc<br />

Market coverage<br />

Outside Kenya NAJ Tracking Ltd is<br />

currently working with logistics companies<br />

in Uganda, Southern Sudan &<br />

Rwanda with their award winning NAJ<br />

PRO 4 Fuel Tracking system. Plans are<br />

in pipeline to venture into East <strong>Africa</strong><br />

market.<br />

Meeting customers’ needs<br />

Their sole responsibility is to listen,<br />

understand and identify the particular<br />

need of their Fleet customers thereafter<br />

offer them unique tailor made<br />

solution in terms of:-<br />

• Functionality-They need their<br />

products or services to function<br />

the way the customer need in<br />

order to solve their problem or<br />

desire.<br />

• Price-Customers have unique<br />

budgets with which they can<br />

purchase a product or service.<br />

Thus they offer different varieties<br />

of products in Fleet and Fuel<br />

Tracking.<br />

• Convenience-Naj Tracking Ltd<br />

strive best that their products are<br />

convenient solution to the function<br />

their customers are trying to<br />

meet.<br />

• Design-Along the lines of<br />

experience, the product or service<br />

needs to be slick to make it relatively<br />

easy and intuitive to use.<br />

This include Android/ios Apps &<br />

web applications.<br />

• Compatibility– Through their<br />

Technical Support they try as<br />

much as possible to fabricate<br />

their product and make it compatible<br />

with other products their<br />

customer is already using<br />

• Performance– correct Fleet<br />

accurate performance enables<br />

their customers to achieve their<br />

goals and places their products<br />

are superior.<br />

• Efficiency-the key element in<br />

efficiency is to streamline an otherwise<br />

time-consuming process<br />

for their client through process<br />

automation.<br />

Product range<br />

In addition to products and services<br />

they are offering they are looking<br />

and in the process of expanding their<br />

operation but not limited to, Speed<br />

limiters, Dashcams With Gps, Container<br />

locking to make NAJ Tracking<br />

Ltd ,a one stop shop <strong>digital</strong> solution<br />

provider for logistics companies.<br />

<strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong><br />

<strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> 15

David Paja,<br />

president of advanced safety, Aptiv<br />

Big adoption curve<br />

in Auto safety technology<br />

The European Union reached a<br />

decision to implement tougher<br />

safety regulations, which will<br />

have implications for vehicle<br />

connectivity technology. The so-called<br />

General Safety Regulation (GSR) still<br />

requires final approval by ministers of<br />

the 28 EU member states, but many<br />

automotive suppliers expect that,<br />

once it takes effect in 2022, advanced<br />

safety technology will quickly<br />

spread from mostly premium vehicles<br />

today to lower market segments as<br />

well.<br />

In an interview with automotive IT<br />

International, David Paja, President,<br />

Advanced Safety and User Experience,<br />

at automotive supplier Aptiv,<br />

discussed the impact of the EU rules<br />

and the role of safety technologies<br />

in a changing industry. Paja’s division<br />

makes components and systems for<br />

infotainment and connectivity, body<br />

controls and security systems, as well<br />

as active and passive safety electronics<br />

and autonomous driving software.<br />

With autonomous vehicles likely to<br />

become the norm in the next 20<br />

years or so, how long will we still<br />

need active safety technology? After<br />

all, these systems are designed to<br />

compensate for the shortcomings of a<br />

driver, who may not be at the wheel<br />

a few years from now?<br />

In many ways these are building<br />

blocks. In robo-taxis you won’t need<br />

these systems, but in Level 3 vehicles<br />

the driver still takes over control once<br />

in a while. Driver-assistance systems<br />

such as radar and cameras are<br />

building blocks toward full automated<br />

solutions. There will be a lot of re-use<br />

of these technologies in fully automated<br />

vehicles. Also, bear in mind<br />

that not all vehicles will become autonomous<br />

in the near future. From a<br />

business-case point of view, it makes<br />

more sense, for example, to automate<br />

16 <strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> <strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong>

a taxi than a privately owned vehicle.<br />

2. Is regulation a big factor in the<br />

adoption of safety technology?<br />

As a technology provider, we tend<br />

to stay away from judging political<br />

decisions. Instead, we focus on the<br />

technology. From our point of view,<br />

many technologies exist in premium<br />

vehicles that can be deployed in<br />

volume cars as well. Europe tends to<br />

be slightly ahead when it comes to<br />

regulation and that has been driving<br />

the adoption of driver assistance<br />

features at a bit faster pace than<br />

elsewhere, but it’s not a big difference.<br />

With the new Brussels regulations,<br />

we’re likely to see a slight acceleration<br />

in adoption.<br />

3. <strong>Automotive</strong> safety is a good area<br />

to be in for an automotive supplier.<br />

We started investing in this technology<br />

20 years ago and there was no<br />

big revenue back then. But we’ve seen<br />

a big adoption curve in the last five<br />

years. Aptiv is committed to the space<br />

and we believe safety technologies<br />

bring value to the end customers.<br />

We’ve seen 60 percent annual growth<br />

in active safety sales over the past two<br />

years and we’re at 1 billion dollars<br />

a year today. We expect our sales<br />

volume to double by 2022.<br />

4. You have a broad portfolio of<br />

safety technologies. Can you pick a<br />

few that you think are more important<br />

than others?<br />

First, I would mention our scalable<br />

Automated Driving Satellite Compute<br />

Platform, which allows you to do your<br />

computations away from the sensors<br />

in one safety controller. Each sensor<br />

now has its own control unit. Our<br />

technology is more cost-effective<br />

and allows the adoption of technology<br />

into entry-level vehicles. We first<br />

launched this on the Audi A8 three<br />

years ago and it’s now in several cars.<br />

The second technology is interior<br />

sensing and driver monitoring, which<br />

is being rolled out across BMW’s<br />

vehicle range. It’s important to know<br />

whether a driver is distracted and we<br />

can monitor, for example, the way<br />

his head is pointed or the direction<br />

of his gaze. We use machine learning<br />

here, too. It’s important because half<br />

a second of improved reaction time<br />

prevents 60% of all accidents.<br />

5. You mentioned machine learning.<br />

How does Aptiv use artificial intelligence<br />

in general?<br />

We are increasing our capabilities in<br />

this domain and use machine learning<br />

for sensing, classifying things and understanding<br />

what sensors see. We also<br />

use it in sensor fusion and in defining<br />

how a car should react to a particular<br />

situation.<br />

6. How big is your team?<br />

We have around 3,000 engineers<br />

in the active safety domain globally.<br />

That’s double the number two years<br />

ago. About 70% of those engineers<br />

are systems and software engineers,<br />

and that includes machine-learning<br />

and data experts.<br />

7. Do you have trouble hiring people<br />

with the <strong>digital</strong> skills that you<br />

need?<br />

There’s obviously a big fight for talent<br />

going one. It’s one of the reasons we<br />

acquired (autonomous driving specialist)<br />

nuTonomy in 2017. That company<br />

offered a way to get talent and<br />

expertise in robotics and more depth<br />

in machine learning.<br />

<strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong><br />

<strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> 17

Auto<br />

Show<br />

AUTOEXPO AFRICA <strong>2019</strong><br />

The rapid industrialization<br />

and<br />

modernization<br />

currently<br />

sweeping through<br />

many <strong>Africa</strong>n countries<br />

has resulted in<br />

an increased demand<br />

for capital goods such<br />

as machinery, lubricants,<br />

spare parts, ball<br />

bearings and other<br />

automotive mechanical<br />

goods and accessories.<br />

The market for automobile<br />

spare parts, in<br />

particular, has been<br />

an attractive sector for<br />

global exporters, as<br />

<strong>Africa</strong> has witnessed a<br />

remarkable increase in<br />

imports by 30%.<br />

For 21 years, AU-<br />

TOEXPO <strong>Africa</strong> has<br />

been chosen by global<br />

manufacturers and exporters<br />

as the precise<br />

platform to enter the<br />

market of the millennium<br />

<strong>Africa</strong>.<br />

22st AUTOEXPO<br />

<strong>Africa</strong> – the largest<br />

automobiles, spares<br />

and accessories exhibition<br />

in the entire<br />

east <strong>Africa</strong>n region is<br />

scheduled to be held<br />

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Celebrating its 22nd<br />

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automobile, truck and<br />

bus parts, equipments,<br />

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I<br />

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product failures, you<br />

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and attracting over<br />

10,000 attendees.<br />

Visitors can expect to<br />

see the latest in vehicle<br />

and component development-tools<br />

such as ADAS<br />

testing, NVH measurement<br />

tools, test rigs, simulation<br />

packages, durability testing<br />

technologies, crash testing<br />

know-how, dynamometers,<br />

emission measurement<br />

systems and dynamic<br />

assessment tools, as well as<br />

countless service providers<br />

such as proving grounds<br />

and test facilities.<br />

The path to reduced product<br />

development cycles,<br />

more efficiency and better<br />

durability starts at Testing<br />

Expo China – <strong>Automotive</strong>!<br />

18 <strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> <strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong>

T<br />

he Expo in Europe for advanced technologies for<br />

autonomous vehicle development – around 90<br />

companies will showcase essential building blocks<br />

and systems, including AI learning and virtual<br />

environments, deep learning systems, validation of autonomous<br />

systems and more.<br />

As the event is co-located with <strong>Automotive</strong> Testing Expo<br />

(the world’s largest vehicle test and development technologies<br />

exhibition), visitors to Autonomous Vehicle<br />

Technology Expo will also see countless ADAS validation<br />

systems and service providers. Furthermore, the exhibition<br />

is co-located with <strong>Automotive</strong> Interiors Expo, which<br />

showcases everything from vehicle materials and fastening<br />

solutions, to lighting technologies, safety systems, and so<br />

much more!<br />

Over 800 automotive exhibitors will participate in Stuttgart<br />

and those exhibiting exclusively at Autonomous Vehicle<br />

Technology Expo will only showcase systems that are<br />

specifically for ADAS technologies and the path towards<br />

autonomous vehicles.<br />

S o i f y o u a r e w o r k i n g o n A DA S<br />

t e c h n o l o g i e s o r f u l l y a u t o n o m o u s<br />

vehicles, you need to attend<br />

A u t o n o m o u s Ve h i c l e Te c h n o l o g y<br />

Expo!<br />

<strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong><br />

<strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> 19

Features<br />

Importance of GPS<br />

Vehicle Tracking in Fleet management<br />

There is no smartphone, tablet<br />

or computer that is not<br />

integrated with GPS tracking<br />

technology. Nowadays, GPS<br />

tracking technology is widely used in<br />

personal households and businesses.<br />

The GPS tracking market is rapidly<br />

growing and has an amazing potential<br />

in the future. Many apps implement<br />

navigation systems for mapping and<br />

transport information, but also for<br />

fleet monitoring.<br />

GPS vehicle tracking can be the pivotal<br />

edge over your business competitors<br />

and therefore, investing in a<br />

good vehicle tracking device can help<br />

you monitor your employees, keeping<br />

track of your cargo thus ensuring<br />

timely delivery of your products and<br />

services. Vehicle tracking is defined as<br />

getting information about the vehicle<br />

on map, speed and distance traveled<br />

using internet or other software. In<br />

general GPS (Global Positioning<br />

System) or GLONASS are used to<br />

locate the vehicle. The automobiles<br />

are provided with modernized feature<br />

which works to find the path of them.<br />

Other functions include vehicle<br />

tracking performance and maintenance,<br />

driver’s performance, but<br />

also facilitates fuel management and<br />

dispatching, sends alerts and notifications,<br />

prevents thefts and provides<br />

reports and enables analysis of these<br />

reports. More functionalities are possible,<br />

however, that depends on the<br />

company offering fleet management<br />

solutions.<br />

The role of GPS Tracking<br />

Vehicle tracking is defined as getting<br />

information about the vehicle on<br />

map, speed and distance traveled using<br />

internet or other software. STrack<br />

Kenya Limited highlights below the<br />

merits of tracking your vehicle.<br />

i). Security. Tracking devices come<br />

with an immobilizer meaning that in<br />

the unfortunate event that your vehicle<br />

is stolen you can stop it remotely<br />

through the click of a button or a<br />

simple SMS.<br />

ii). Quick recovery. It is crucial that<br />

a vehicle is found within 24 hours<br />

before it is disassembled. GPS devices<br />

always upload their location to<br />

servers in real time allowing the quick<br />

recovery of vehicles.<br />

iii). Diverse array of features. Through<br />

vehicle management platform customers<br />

can access a wide array of reports<br />

such as trips, distance, speed, parking/<br />

idle time, fuel etc.<br />

iv). Alerts. Customers can also subscribe<br />

to SMS or Email alerts which<br />

will be triggered when a vehicle sets<br />

of an alarms. For example a customer<br />

20 <strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> <strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong>

can get an SMS when their vehicle<br />

crosses the border of a given place, or<br />

when the vehicle is refueled or fuel is<br />

siphoned.<br />

v). Integration. System is built to be<br />

integrated with other systems for<br />

example courier companies can offer<br />

real time tracking to their customers.<br />

STrack specializes in provision of<br />

advanced vehicle tracking, fleet management<br />

and <strong>digital</strong> fuel monitoring<br />

services for motor vehicles, motorcycles,<br />

and assets using GSM/GPS<br />

technologies, supported by thoroughly<br />

tested and certified devices, online<br />

tracking, fleet and driver management<br />

software based on various online<br />

Maps and a Linux server environment<br />

for enhanced reliability and user security.<br />

The company is licensed by the<br />

Communications Authority of Kenya<br />

(CA) and is also a founding member<br />

of Kenya <strong>Automotive</strong> Security Association<br />

(KASA).<br />

“Tracking devices offers Fleet management<br />

& maintenance capable of<br />

managing fleet events of next service,<br />

insurance expiry, spare parts &<br />

batteries warranties etc,” says Kassim<br />

Hassanali, NAJ Tracking Ltd, Operations<br />

Director.<br />

NAJ Tracking Ltd is an award winning<br />

<strong>digital</strong> motor security company,<br />

dealing with Fleet Tracking, Fuel<br />

management and 24Hrs vehicle<br />

recovery solutions. They are created<br />

by Family and corporate values,<br />

demonstrated bywww motor security<br />

personnel, 24Hrs surveillance solutions.<br />

Uniquely pronounced with 10<br />

awards, including the East <strong>Africa</strong> maritime<br />

awards in Vehicle tracking and<br />

Fuel management by their European<br />

Technology. Since their establishment<br />

they have grown with branches county<br />

wide in Kenya.<br />

According to Trackimo, GPS has<br />

revolutionized our daily lives. GPS or<br />

Global Positioning System provides<br />

satellite tracking services that are<br />

useful in a variety of commercial and<br />

personal applications. Most companies<br />

now realize the importance of<br />

GPS technology for achieving greater<br />

efficiency. And, thus provide better<br />

benefits to people. PEACE OF MIND.<br />

Trackimo represents a new GPS tracking<br />

device to locate the things that<br />

matter most from anywhere in the<br />

world. Trackimo devices are 3G, with<br />

100% US coverage, most other GPS<br />

devices in the market are 2G with<br />

only 10% US coverage. Revolutionary,<br />

uses 5 different technologies to<br />

accurately Locate anything Worldwide<br />

Indoor & outdoor. Trackimo also has<br />

SOS panic button sending email and<br />

SMS text alerts.<br />

“It is important for vehicle owners<br />

to protect their vehicles from theft.<br />

Installing a car track device helps in<br />

the recovery of a vehicle in case of<br />

theft. Transport and Haulage companies<br />

can fit vehicle tracking systems<br />

in their fleet vehicles transporting<br />

goods and cargo worth millions and<br />

they can know where their vehicles as<br />

well as their prized goods are at any<br />

time from our phone tracking app or<br />

our online web based vehicle tracking<br />

<strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong><br />

<strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> 21

platform. Car track not only tracks the<br />

vehicles but the transit goods as well,”<br />

says Anthony Waikwa, of Shield Car<br />

Track.<br />

Shield Car Track Fleet Tracking technology<br />

provides GPS+LBS tracking<br />

and asset management solutions tailor<br />

made to fit wide range of business<br />

customers from startup companies,<br />

to mid size companies and to the<br />

transport and haulage giants – our<br />

internet based fleet tracking system<br />

gives entrepreneurs full access, full<br />

control from anywhere in Kenya and<br />

from their phone and any computer<br />

that is connected to the internet.<br />

“Through Shield Car Track phone app<br />

or online vehicle tracking platform<br />

our customers can track their vehicle<br />

through their mobile phones, by using<br />

our vehicle tracking app or through<br />

our online GPS car tracking website.<br />

Our vehicle tracking technology updates<br />

the location of the tracked vehicle<br />

every 10 seconds so as to provide<br />

24 hours vehicle surveillance,” adds<br />

Mr. Waikwa.<br />

Leon Mynhardt Technical Manager<br />

– South <strong>Africa</strong> Electronic Tracking<br />

Systems Ltd, says, apart from the<br />

obvious theft recovery aspect of using<br />

tracking devices, they have many<br />

other features through their telemetry<br />

information that make them essential<br />

in today’s commercial applications.<br />

Safety: By getting live GPS speeding<br />

reports from the system, fleet controllers<br />

can react immediately to speeding<br />

alerts generated, ensuring drivers<br />

are driving safely. Fleet Managers can<br />

also receive daily, weekly or monthly<br />

speeding reports with this information<br />

target and train repeat offenders<br />

ensuring the safety of the drivers and<br />

other road users.<br />

Reduce vehicle maintenance: Tracking<br />

devices give Fleet Managers<br />

vital driver behavior telemetry like<br />

harsh-braking, harsh-acceleration,<br />

harsh-cornering and excessive idling<br />

events. By monitoring these events<br />

live or historically thought reports,<br />

fleet owners can train specific drivers<br />

to reduce these events and as such<br />

reduce overall maintenance and fuel<br />

costs on their fleet. The system also<br />

provides for a driver scoring system<br />

based on these exceptions and<br />

makes it very easy to see who are the<br />

problem drivers and who might need<br />

additional training and in what areas<br />

they need help.<br />

Increase productivity: By being able<br />

to monitor the where about of your<br />

entire fleet live at all times is essential<br />

to make sure your vehicles<br />

are where they are supposed to be<br />

and are productive. There are also a<br />

whole host of reports which allows<br />

fleet managers to ensure their fleet is<br />

being utilized to its full potential and<br />

then identify possible problem areas<br />

that are affecting productivity. One<br />

example is our Zone Report, which<br />

details which vehicles have entered<br />

22 <strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> <strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong>

which Customer Zones (customized<br />

polygon zones created by the client),<br />

when they entered, how long they are<br />

there for and then when they leave<br />

again. This makes it easy to see at a<br />

glance where there might be zones<br />

where the vehicles are taking too<br />

long to either pickup or drop-off. The<br />

processes at these zones can then be<br />

assessed and fixed to ensure productivity<br />

is increased.<br />

Mtrack provides world-class products,<br />

and a complete tracking and<br />

asset recovery service. Mtrack have<br />

two main product lines, MtrackFleet<br />

and MtrackWireless. MtrackFleet is<br />

focused on fleet management and<br />

assisting companies and fleet owners<br />

with their vehicle’s day to day operations.<br />

MtrackWireless focuses on asset<br />

management and recovery. Because<br />

the devices are completely wireless,<br />

they can be placed on to any asset<br />

which needs to be tracked.<br />

The growing number of commercial<br />

vehicles, such as trucks, buses, and<br />

vans, drive the market for GPS tracking<br />

devices. Vehicles engaged in the<br />

timely transportation of men, material,<br />

machinery, or money-where on<br />

time delivery can make a significant<br />

difference in cost and productivity-are<br />

prompting players to adopt GPS<br />

tracking devices. School buses, city<br />

and state transport buses, cash vans,<br />

cargo vans, police petrol vans, radio<br />

taxis, courier pickup and delivery vans,<br />

and others are prospects for vehicle<br />

tracking systems. The increasing sales<br />

of commercial vehicles would increase<br />

the adoption of GPS tracking<br />

devices.<br />

Gerrie Van Wyk of Pulsit Electronics<br />

says that, “The transport and logistics<br />

industry has become a very<br />

competitive and lean industry which<br />

necessitates that fleet owners and<br />

operators aligns themselves with a<br />

tracking partner that understands their<br />

business, able to meet the demand<br />

for service and provide them with not<br />

only a dot on the screen but also real-time<br />

information and telemetry that<br />

has an effect on their bottom line as<br />

well as looking after their reputation<br />

by providing them with tools to protect<br />

their clients cargo in transit and<br />

prevent losses as a result of hijackings<br />

and theft.”<br />

Pulsit Electronics is a South <strong>Africa</strong>n<br />

based Telematics Solutions Provider<br />

established in 2002 with specific<br />

focus on Tracking, Fleet Management<br />

and Risk Mitigation Solutions in the<br />

transport and logistics industries. Pulsit<br />

is VESA/ABS Accredited and meets<br />

with SAIA (South <strong>Africa</strong>n Insurance<br />

Association) standards. Pulsit works<br />

with TAPA (Transporters Asset Protection<br />

Association) a global organization<br />

that regulates standards and<br />

employ best practices for the protection<br />

of high value cargo in warehouse<br />

as well as in transit.<br />

According to International Organization<br />

of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers<br />

(OICA), sales of commercial vehicles<br />

is on an uptrend. By tracking and<br />

managing these vehicles in real time,<br />

enterprises can efficiently utilize their<br />

resources. GPS tracking devices also<br />

ensure the safety of vehicles. In case<br />

of an emergency, GPS devices help<br />

locate the ambulance and show the<br />

exact location from where a distress<br />

signal was received.<br />

"GPS vehicle tracking can be the pivotal edge over your business<br />

competitors and therefore, investing in a good vehicle tracking<br />

device can help you monitor your employees, thus ensuring timely<br />

delivery of your products and services."<br />

<strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong><br />

<strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> 23

HP NEOSYNTH 5W 30 is<br />

a high quality synthetic<br />

engine oil specifically<br />

designed for modern cars<br />

running on Petrol/Diesel/LPG/<br />

CNG/Bio-Diesel.<br />

HP NEOSYNTH 5W 30 is manufactured<br />

from finest API Group III<br />

base stocks and state of the art<br />

additive technology to meet the<br />

most stringent requirements of API<br />

SN, ACEA A5/B5 thus making it<br />

suitable for modern cars running<br />

on petrol or diesel fuels.<br />

HP NEOSYNTH 5W 30 provides<br />

exemplary benefits in reduction<br />

of piston deposits, improved fuel<br />

economy benefits and after treatment<br />

compatibility. The product is<br />

also designed to exhibit improved<br />

performance in bio-diesel fueled<br />

vehicles.<br />

Application<br />

HP NEOSYNTH 5W 30 is recommended<br />

for various models<br />

of Tata Motors, Maruti-Suzuki,<br />

Hyundai Motors, Renault, Nissan,<br />

Datsun, Chevrolet, Toyota, BMW,<br />

GM and Ford etc. requiring a 5W-<br />

30 engine oil, running on Petrol/<br />

Diesel/LPG/CNG/Bio-Diesel etc.<br />

Features and Benefits<br />

• High fuel efficiency<br />

• Unmatched reduction in piston<br />

deposits<br />

• Improved after-treatment<br />

compatibility<br />

• Improved protection against<br />

Sludge<br />

• Improved bio-diesel compatibility<br />

• Low oil top-up<br />

• Longer engine life<br />

24 <strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> <strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong>

Meets or Exceeds Requirement<br />

Of<br />

• API SN<br />

• ACEA A5/B5-12<br />

About HP Lubricants<br />

HP Lubricants is Hindustan<br />

Petroleum Corporation<br />

Limited’s (HPCL) umbrella<br />

brand for manufacturing<br />

and marketing various lubricants<br />

and specialty products.<br />

A vital part of HPCL, HP Lubricants<br />

is India’s largest lubricant marketer,<br />

which markets more than 350<br />

grades of lubricants, specialties<br />

and greases manufactured in stateof-the-art<br />

blending plants spread<br />

across India. The grades manufactured<br />

by HP Lubricants find applications<br />

in automotive, industrial, mining<br />

and construction, agriculture,<br />

fishing, defence and railways among<br />

others. HP Lubricants is especially<br />

dominant in industrial oils, and has<br />

the highest market share in this<br />

segment, comprising all industrial<br />

oil applications.<br />

HP Lubricants has a robust marketing<br />

network that spreads across<br />

the country through warehouses,<br />

distributors, CFAs and offices with<br />

highly qualified sales and technical<br />

personnel. These teams and offices<br />

make HP Lubricants a dependable<br />

brand providing energy and<br />

fuelling growth in every significant<br />

area of development in India.<br />

Innovative R&D and robust quality<br />

assurance are a hallmark of HP<br />

Lubricants’ processes which ensure<br />

development and consistent<br />

supply of world-class products to<br />

support this growth.<br />

Flagship brands such as Racer for<br />

two and three wheelers, Milcy for<br />

commercial vehicles (diesel engines),<br />

Neosynth for the passenger<br />

car segment and Enklo for hydraulic<br />

oils among other, make HP<br />

Lubricants a leading brand across<br />

all segments.<br />

<strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong><br />

<strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> 25

The role of additives<br />

Oil additives are chemical<br />

compounds that<br />

improve the lubricant<br />

performance of base<br />

oil. Manufacturer of many different<br />

oils can utilize the same base<br />

oil for each formulation and can<br />

choose different additives for<br />

each specific application. Nearly<br />

all commercial motor oils contain<br />

additives, whether the oils are synthetic<br />

or petroleum based, additives<br />

comprise up to 5% by weight<br />

of some oils.<br />

Oil additives are vital for the proper<br />

lubrication and prolonged use<br />

of motor oil in modern internal<br />

combustion engines. Without many<br />

of these, the oil would become<br />

contaminated, break down, leak<br />

out, or not properly protect engine<br />

parts at all operating temperatures.<br />

Some of the most important<br />

additives include those used for<br />

viscosity and lubricity, contaminant<br />

control, for the control of chemical<br />

breakdown, and for seal conditioning.<br />

Some additives permit<br />

lubricants to perform better under<br />

severe conditions, such as extreme<br />

pressures and temperatures and<br />

high levels of contamination.<br />

Role of additives in motor oil<br />

Andrew Dziuba of UAB SCT LU-<br />

BRICANTS says that, “The main<br />

role of additives is to reduce<br />

engine wear and increase fuel<br />

efficiency.”<br />

UAB SCT Lubricants is a leading<br />

manufacturer of high-quality<br />

engine oils and automotive fluids<br />

located in Klaipeda, Lithuania.<br />

“An additive is a chemical added<br />

in small quantities to a product to<br />

improve certain properties. Motor<br />

oil typically contains a Perfor-<br />

26 <strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> <strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong>

in motor oil<br />

performance<br />

mance Additive Package that can<br />

make up 5% to 15% of its composition.<br />

The remaining percentage<br />

is base oil. The additives help to<br />

enhance the performance and<br />

viscosity of the motor oil,” says<br />

Erik Vermeer, Commercial Director<br />


Rymax Products<br />

Rymax is an international lubricants<br />

brand from the Netherlands.<br />

The company specialize in automotive<br />

and industrial lubricants.<br />

According to DANA LUBRICANTS<br />

FACTORY LLC, one of the leading<br />

manufacturers of lubricants<br />

in UAE, additives help lubricants<br />

withstand extreme operating<br />

environments. Even the best base<br />

oil cannot protect as well against<br />

the effects of heat, shearing forces,<br />

chemical and water dilution, corrosion<br />

and wear particles. In short,<br />

additives make good base oils better.<br />

They give good base oils the<br />

performance benefits consumers<br />

expect, such as multi intervals and<br />

extreme-pressure performance.<br />

DANA Lubes<br />

“Additives help lubricants withstand<br />

extreme operating environments.<br />

Even the best base<br />

oil cannot protect as well against<br />

the effects of heat, shearing forces,<br />

chemical and water dilution, corrosion<br />

and wear particles. In short,<br />

additives make good base oils<br />

better. They give good base oils<br />

the performance benefits consumers<br />

expect, such as multi-grade<br />

performance, extended drain intervals<br />

and extreme-pressure performance,”<br />

says DANA Lubricants.<br />

Oliver Kuhn, Deputy Head of the<br />

Oil Laboratory at LIQUI MOLY<br />

GmbH, says, “Additives deliver<br />

the performance of the motor oil.<br />

<strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong><br />

<strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> 27

Motor oil consists of two main<br />

components: base oil (the actual<br />

oil) and the additive composition.<br />

In the latest motor oils, the role<br />

of the base oil is more or less<br />

reduced to a carrier fluid for the<br />

additives. Even lubrication is provided<br />

rather by the additives than<br />

by the base oil.” Liqui Moly GmbH<br />

is a German company specializing<br />

in oils, lubricants and additives.<br />

Liqui Moly oil production<br />

“In former times, lubrication has<br />

been the main job of an engine<br />

oil. Today, there are lot of additional<br />

tasks an engine oil is<br />

required to do: it needs to keep<br />

the oil system clean by removing<br />

contaminants and transporting<br />

them to the oil filter. It needs to<br />

protect the oil system from corrosion<br />

by neutralizing acids which<br />

may form in the oil. It needs to<br />

keep the viscosity stable over a<br />

wide temperature range. It needs<br />

to suppress foaming. It needs<br />

to remain liquid enough at low<br />

temperatures to quickly reach and<br />

lubricate moving parts after the engine<br />

is started. And it needs to be<br />

capable of overcoming even very<br />

high engine temperatures. It is the<br />

additive packages which take care<br />

of all these tasks. If you use motor<br />

oil without additives, i.e. just base<br />

oil, in a modern car, the engine<br />

would survive this only for a few<br />

kilometers,” adds Kuhn.<br />

Dmitry Tsyplyaev, Executive Director<br />

– Suprotec EU s.r.o. (ATOMI-<br />

UM Brand) says, automotive additives<br />

and lubricants aim to protect<br />

car motor, to restore friction knots,<br />

to prolong the lifecycle of internal<br />

combustion engines, mechanisms,<br />

gear boxes.<br />

Atomium tribo-technology is<br />

unique, because the base of our<br />

Atomium products – is mineral<br />

(natural product) with neutral pH<br />

level and doesn’t affects on the<br />

oil and sealings, our products<br />

works only on the metal (friction<br />

pairs) and provides conditions to<br />

building up new surface on the<br />

friction pairs. By our products we<br />

are restoring the friction pairs of<br />

the cars units (engine, gearbox,<br />

hydraulic power steering unit, high<br />

pressure fuel pump). So, everywhere<br />

we have friction pairs and<br />

restore them to the new condition.<br />

And at the end – this provides<br />

all effects of application for Engine<br />

like increasing compression<br />

up to the nominal, reducing fuel<br />

consumption by 6-10%, reducing<br />

oil burning by 80%, decreases<br />

vibration and noise level, decrease<br />

CO/CH emission, protect during<br />

active driving, protect in extreme<br />

working conditions, restores and<br />

functionality of hydro-compensators,<br />

and what is more important<br />

prolong life-time of the engine. For<br />

28 <strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> <strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong>

gearbox – gearshift facilitation, reduces<br />

noise and vibration, gearbox<br />

wear protection. Same effects for<br />

the other car units – for Reducer,<br />

HPS (hydraulic power steering),<br />

HPFP (high pressure fuel pump).<br />

So, everywhere we have friction<br />

pairs – our products works and<br />

prolong the life time of the cars<br />

units.<br />

Atomium provide lubricants and<br />

motor oil additives, fuel additives,<br />

transmission oil additives, hydraulic<br />

liquid additives for cars and<br />

industrial equipment, designed for<br />

diesel, petrol and LPG engines,<br />

passenger cars, trucks and buses,<br />

motorbikes, and small technics.<br />

The specific role of additives in<br />

motor oil are:<br />

• Oxidation inhibitors. (antioxidants),<br />

Oxidation is the<br />

general attack of the weakest<br />

components of the base<br />

oil by oxygen in the air. It<br />

occurs at all temperatures all<br />

time but accelerates at higher<br />

temperatures due to presence<br />

of water, wear metals<br />

and other contaminants. under<br />

conditions of high temperatures<br />

in the engine, the<br />

motor oil can oxidize when<br />

reacting with oxygen. If that<br />

happens, the motor oil ages<br />

quickly, thickens and forms<br />

sludge. Antioxidants work<br />

to slow down this oxidation<br />

and the forming of deposits.<br />

They also help to keep the<br />

engine clean and prolong<br />

the life of the motor oil.<br />

• Rust and corrosion<br />

inhibitors. These additives<br />

reduce or eliminate internal<br />

rust and corrosion by neutralizing<br />

acids and forming<br />

a chemical protective barrier<br />

to repel moisture from metal<br />

surfaces to protect lubricated<br />

surfaces against rusting and<br />

corrosion. The internal parts<br />

of the engine can rust and<br />

corrode because of exposure<br />

to moisture and acids. These<br />

additives create a film over<br />

the parts and protect them<br />

against damage from these<br />

hazards.<br />

• Anti-wear agents and/ or<br />

extreme pressure (EP) agents.<br />

These additives are typically<br />

used to protect machine<br />

parts from wear and loss of<br />

metal during boundary lubrication<br />

conditions. They are<br />

polar additives that attach<br />

to frictional metal surfaces.<br />

They react chemically with<br />

the metal surfaces when<br />

metal conditions of mixed<br />

and boundary lubrication to<br />

protect parts of the engine<br />

that are susceptible<br />

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<strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> 29

to high temperatures such as cylinder<br />

walls, piston rings, lifters and<br />

cams. These additives form a protective<br />

layer on these components<br />

and prevent the friction that can<br />

occur because of metal-to-metal<br />

contact. They also act as antioxidants<br />

and are used up over time.<br />

They also help protect the base oil<br />

from oxidation and the metal from<br />

damage by corrosive acids<br />

• Demulsifiers to promote<br />

oil-water separation.<br />

• Viscosity Index (VI) Improvers<br />

are very large polymer<br />

additives that partially<br />

prevent the oil from thinning<br />

out (losing viscosity) as<br />

the temperature increases.<br />

The long-chain polymers<br />

help control the viscosity<br />

of multi-grade motor oils.<br />

They expand and contract as<br />

temperatures vary. High temperatures<br />

cause VI improvers<br />

to expand and reduce oil<br />

thinning; low temperatures<br />

cause VI improvers to contract<br />

and have little impact<br />

on oil viscosity. They are<br />

also responsible for better<br />

oil flow at low temperatures,<br />

resulting in reduction in wear<br />

and improved fuel economy.<br />

• Pour-point depressants to<br />

lower the cold temperature<br />

fluidity of petroleum products.<br />

These additives work<br />

to prevent the hardening of<br />

wax particles in the motor<br />

oil under cold conditions. As<br />

a result, the motor oil flows<br />

freely even at low temperatures<br />

and does not need<br />

the engine to work harder<br />

to pump it. In this way, the<br />

engine continues to function<br />

effectively despite fluctuations<br />

in the outside temperature.<br />

• Detergents and dispersants.<br />

Detergents perform<br />

two functions, they help<br />

(clean) and neutralize acids<br />

that form in the oil. Detergents<br />

are primarily used in<br />

engine oils and are alkaline<br />

or basic in nature to keep<br />

hot metal components free<br />

of deposits and to maintain<br />

cleanliness of lubricated<br />

parts by taking care of the<br />

soot present in the lubricant.<br />

They are typically materials<br />

of calcium and magnesium<br />

chemistry. A detergent<br />

additive is normally used in<br />

conjunction with a dispersant<br />

additive. Dispersants<br />

are mainly found in engine<br />

oil with detergents to help<br />

keep engines clean and free<br />

of deposits. The combination<br />

of detergent/dispersant<br />

additives allows more acid<br />

compounds to be neutralized<br />

and more contaminant<br />

particles to stay suspended<br />

• Anti-foam agents. The<br />

chemicals in this additive<br />

group possess low interfacial<br />

tension, which weakens the<br />

oil bubble wall and allows<br />

the foam bubbles to burst<br />

more readily. They have an<br />

indirect effect on oxidation<br />

by reducing the amount of<br />

oil air contact to reduce<br />

foaming tendencies. If the<br />

motor oil foams and forms<br />

bubbles, it is unable to coat<br />

all the important parts of the<br />

engine and keep it cool.<br />

• Tackiness agents. These<br />

additives increase the adhesive<br />

properties of a lubricant,<br />

improve retention, and prevent<br />

dripping or spattering.<br />

• Friction modifier. This<br />

additives alter coefficient<br />

of friction, and can be used<br />

to give oil more ‘slippery’<br />

characteristics. In motor oils,<br />

friction modifiers are used<br />

to increase the oil’s lubricity<br />

for the purpose of reducing<br />

friction and improving fuel<br />

economy.<br />

"Oil additives are<br />

vital for the proper<br />

lubrication and<br />

prolonged use of<br />

motor oil in modern<br />

internal combustion<br />

engines'''<br />

30 <strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> <strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong>

Modern tire technology<br />

One of the most comprehensive<br />

technological innovations of the<br />

modern tire era is run-flat tire<br />

technology<br />

From the early days of the automobile<br />

until now, tires have<br />

seen many technological<br />

advancements. Improvements<br />

in raw materials and chemical<br />

compounds have led to tires that<br />

perform more effectively.<br />

Whether it’s compounds offering<br />

better grip in snow and ice or<br />

compounds providing improved<br />

wet handling, technology continues<br />

to enhance tire performance.<br />

Innovations in tread patterns,<br />

sidewall design and overall tire<br />

construction have made today’s<br />

higher-performing tires more reliable<br />

than ever before. Tire manufacturers<br />

work hand in hand with<br />

vehicle designers to engineer tires<br />

for the future.<br />

One of the most comprehensive<br />

technological innovations of the<br />

modern tire era is run-flat tire<br />

technology. Run-flat technology<br />

allows drivers who sustain air<br />

loss due to a puncture or cut in<br />

their tire to drive approximately<br />

50 miles at 50 m.p.h. so they can<br />

reach a safe location to change<br />

the tire.<br />

Elements contributing to modern<br />

tire technology<br />

Rubber is the main raw material<br />

used in manufacturing tires, and<br />

both natural and synthetic rubber<br />

are used. Natural rubber is found<br />

as a milky liquid in the bark of the<br />

rubber tree, Hevea Brasiliensis.<br />

The other primary ingredient in<br />

tire rubber is carbon black. Carbon<br />

black is a fine, soft powder created<br />

when crude oil or natural gas<br />

is burned with a limited amount<br />

of oxygen, causing incomplete<br />

combustion and creating a large<br />

amount of fine soot. So much carbon<br />

black is required for manufacturing<br />

tires that rail cars transport<br />

it and huge silos store the carbon<br />

black at the tire factory until it is<br />

needed.<br />

Sulfur and other chemicals are<br />

also used in tires. Specific chemicals,<br />

when mixed with rubber and<br />

then heated, produce specific tire<br />

<strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong><br />

<strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> 31

characteristics such as high friction<br />

(but low mileage) for a racing tire<br />

or high mileage (but lower friction)<br />

for a passenger car tire. Some<br />

chemicals keep the rubber flexible<br />

while it is being shaped into a tire<br />

while other chemicals protect the<br />

rubber from the ultraviolet radiation<br />

in sunshine.<br />

However, constant improvements<br />

in rubber chemistry and tire design<br />

are creating exciting new tires that<br />

offer greater mileage and improved<br />

performance in extreme weather<br />

conditions. Manufacturers now<br />

offer tires estimated to last up to<br />

80,000 miles. Treads, designed<br />

and tested by computer, now<br />

feature unique asymmetrical bands<br />

for improved traction and safety<br />

on wet or snowy roads.<br />

Tire design engineers are also<br />

experimenting with non-pneumatic<br />

tires that can never go flat because<br />

they don’t contain air under<br />

pressure. One such non-pneumatic<br />

tire is simply one slab of thick<br />

plastic attached to the wheel rim.<br />

The plastic curves out from the rim<br />

to a point where a rubber tread is<br />

secured to the plastic for contact<br />

with the road. Such a tire offers<br />

lower rolling resistance for greater<br />

fuel economy and superior handling<br />

because of a greater area of<br />

contact between tread and road.<br />

According to Mallesh Kumar at<br />

ZAFCO Low Rolling resistance,<br />

higher fuel efficiency, less carbon<br />

emission, low cost per kilo meter<br />

are among the elements contribut-<br />

32 <strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> <strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong>

ing to the modern tire technology.<br />

Zafco Tires<br />

ZAFCO is one of the leading<br />

importers and exporters of automotive<br />

tires, batteries, and lubricants<br />

and operates internationally<br />

to cater the needs of hundreds<br />

of customers spread across all six<br />

continents.<br />

Tire challenges in the <strong>Africa</strong>n<br />

roads<br />

When it comes to tires, the <strong>Africa</strong>n<br />

continent is one of the fastest<br />

growing markets for the global<br />

tire industry. The rapid growth of<br />

the middle class in many <strong>Africa</strong>n<br />

countries has pushed demand for<br />

automobiles to an all-time high –<br />

in turn creating a growing market<br />

for all kinds of tires: passenger car<br />

tires, off-the-road tires, industrial<br />

tires, agricultural tires, truck, bus<br />

and trailer tires as well as motorcycle<br />

and bicycle tires.<br />

Even so, tire industry is faced with<br />

one great obstacle called roads.<br />

<strong>Africa</strong>’s roads are notorious and<br />

more than half of them are unpaved.<br />

This has greatly hinder tire<br />

growth in <strong>Africa</strong> given that manufacturing<br />

process improvements<br />

have largely been spurred on by<br />

environmental concerns. Moreover,<br />

growing demand has resulted in<br />

the setting up of new manufacturing<br />

units that are more capable<br />

of handling technology and new<br />

equipment. Automation advances<br />

have also helped to a significant<br />

extent.<br />

“Road conditions, terrain, maintenance<br />

practices, lack of surveillance<br />

on the health of tires,” says<br />

Mallesh Kumar highlighting major<br />

challenges in tire industry<br />

Overcoming these challenges.<br />

“Government authorities should<br />

have a periodic inspection on tires,<br />

tires more than five-year-old and<br />

with minimum tread depth (1.6mm<br />

for PCR) are not to be used, resale<br />

of old/used tires should not be<br />

encouraged, tires with cuts and<br />

injuries (which are not safe) are to<br />

be removed,” suggests Kumar.<br />

“When it comes to tires,<br />

the <strong>Africa</strong>n continent is<br />

one of the fastest growing<br />

markets for the global tire<br />

industry.<br />

<strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong><br />

<strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> 33

Review<br />

2020 Range Rover Gets<br />

Mild-Hybrid<br />

In a move meant to bring a<br />

breath of fresh air to the Range<br />

Rover lineup, Land Rover<br />

announced the availability of<br />

a new powertrain option for the<br />

American market.<br />

The 2020 model year Range Rover<br />

gets updated with the introduction<br />

of a new mild-hybrid 3.0-liter<br />

inline six-cylinder gasoline engine,<br />

which will come in two power<br />

outputs, namely 355 and 395 hp,<br />

and 406 lb-ft of torque.<br />

The new engine is capable of pulling<br />

the car from a standstill to 60<br />

mph in 5.9 seconds, while giving<br />

34 <strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> <strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong>

it a top speed of 130 mph (209<br />

kph. The two new powertrains will<br />

make their way into the P360 and<br />

P400 variants of the Range Rover,<br />

the latter being exclusive to the<br />

HSE trim level.<br />

Land Rover says the order books<br />

for the new engine options are already<br />

open. The P360 has become<br />

the entry level of the Range Rover<br />

lineup, priced from $90,900, while<br />

the P400 joins the list somewhere<br />

in the middle, priced from<br />

$96,150.<br />

With the addition of these two<br />

new versions, the carmaker has<br />

increased the number of available<br />

Range Rover SUVs to twelve,<br />

including the Autobiography<br />

series. The most expensive Range<br />

Rover on the American market is<br />

the SVAutobiography LWB, priced<br />

from $209,500.<br />

Aside for launching the P360<br />

and P400, Land Rover will refresh<br />

the 2020 lineup with the introduction<br />

of two new colors, Eiger<br />

Grey and Portofino Blue, replacing<br />

the current Corris Grey and<br />

Loire Blue. New 22-inch Gloss<br />

Black wheels are also available for<br />

the SUV.<br />

The Range Rover is one of the<br />

British carmaker’s most important<br />

models in the U.S. On the<br />

American market, the nameplate<br />

enjoys above-average<br />

success in its segment, selling<br />

well in excess of 15,000 units<br />

per year since 2015, according<br />

to Car Sales Base.<br />

In 2018, 19,000 Range Rovers<br />

were sold in the States, making<br />

for the best year of the nameplate’s<br />

history there.<br />

<strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong><br />

<strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> 35

Toyota Kenya launches<br />

fifth generation Rav4<br />

Motor vehicle distributor, Toyota<br />

Kenya, has launched the fifth generation<br />

RAV4 in the Kenyan market.<br />

Speaking during the launch on<br />

Thursday, Toyota Kenya Managing<br />

Director Mr. Arvinder Reel said<br />

the new RAV4 offers customers<br />

an opportunity to try something<br />

new and to experience the joy of<br />

driving anywhere, anytime, and as<br />

far as they want.<br />

“The RAV4 has been a long-time<br />

market leader in the urban passenger<br />

SUV market and it remains<br />

one of our key mass production<br />

models. With the fifth generation<br />

of our RAV4 model, the vehicle<br />

has come full circle and we can<br />

confidently say that the all-new<br />

RAV4 is indeed evolved and ready<br />

for anything that the future holds,”<br />

said Mr. Reel.<br />

The all-new <strong>2019</strong> RAV4 banks<br />

on its upgraded, more premium<br />

design paired with better performance<br />

and capability.<br />

Based on creating a “Robust Accurate<br />

Vehicle with 4 Wheel Drive,”<br />

the new RAV4 development<br />

concept blends the power and<br />

sophistication of an SUV, achieving<br />

top-class generous rear cargo<br />

space and outstanding driving<br />

performance realized by a new<br />

4WD system.<br />

The new Toyota RAV4 comes<br />

with a variety of updates including<br />

a stylish new look, a new engine<br />

and added safety and technolgy<br />

features. The fifth generation RAV4<br />

also comes with a 2.5-liter engine<br />

that produces 207 horsepower.<br />

The vehicle’s new engine plus a<br />

lighter curb weight compared to<br />

previous versions help the new<br />

RAV4 achieve the most fuel-efficient<br />

performance among its peers.<br />

Styled with a sportier design, the<br />

RAV4 allows the driver to bravely<br />

take on the exciting roads at any<br />

time.<br />

Noting that customer safety<br />

plays a major role in the Toyota<br />

The fifth generation RAV4 unveiled in the Kenyan market<br />

business, the new vehicle comes<br />

equipped with Dynamic Torque<br />

Vectoring AWD system which<br />

automatically senses what the<br />

terrain the vehicle is on and how<br />

much torque is needed to wheels<br />

to ensure stability, achievement of<br />

high 4WD handling, stability, and<br />

off-road performance and this resulting<br />

in improved fuel efficiency.<br />

It also has Stability control which<br />

automatically senses when the<br />

vehicle’s handling limits have been<br />

exceeded and reduces engine<br />

power and/or applies select brakes<br />

to help prevent the driver from<br />

losing control of the vehicle.<br />

For passenger safety, the RAV4<br />

comes with front-impact airbags,<br />

side impact airbags and overhead<br />

airbags as well. It also has a<br />

Security system and the vehicle is<br />

36 <strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> <strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong>

equipped with an ignition disable<br />

device that will prevent the engine<br />

from starting if the correct original<br />

manufacturer key is not used.<br />

The first-generation RAV4 debuted<br />

in 1994, when body-on-frame<br />

four-wheel drive vehicles were<br />

positioned as off-road vehicles.<br />

Since then, the RAV4 has played<br />

a pivotal role in the development<br />

of a new market for the passenger-friendly<br />

sport utility vehicle<br />

(SUV/crossover SUV).<br />

“The launch of the <strong>2019</strong> model is<br />

a show of Toyota Kenya’s continued<br />

efforts towards changing<br />

the SUV landscape in Kenya with<br />

better technology and increased<br />

driver comfort,” added Mr. Reel.<br />

Toyota Kenya Managing Director, Arvinder Reel (right), explains to the motor dealer’s Chairman, Amb. Dennis Awori,<br />

new features of the fifth generation RAV4 shortly after it was launched at the Toyota Kenya showroom<br />

<strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong><br />

<strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> 37

Peugeot 3008<br />

SUV Emerges<br />

‘New Car<br />

Of The Year’<br />

In Europe<br />

Sleek Peugeot 3008 Sports<br />

Utility Vehicle (SUV) has<br />

won the ‘New Car of the<br />

Year’ at the annual Auto<br />

Trader New Car Awards ceremony<br />

held in London recently. The accolade<br />

endorsed recently by over 63,<br />

000 UK drivers who voted for the<br />

impressive SUV to beat key rivals<br />

in that segment is coming about<br />

one year after the assembler of<br />

Peugeot vehicles in Nigeria, PAN<br />

Nigeria Limited, unveiled the midsize<br />

people’s choice at a well-attended<br />

launch in Lagos.<br />

The win is the 66th award for the<br />

Peugeot 3008 SUV, making it<br />

one of Peugeot’s most successful<br />

models. Unlike many other awards<br />

which rely on editorial judging<br />

panels, the Auto Trader New Car<br />

Awards are decided by more than<br />

63,000 real car owners who voted<br />

via a survey. Drivers review vehicles<br />

in 16 different criteria, ranging<br />

from reliability and performance<br />

to running costs, to give potential<br />

buyers a complete picture of<br />

ownership.<br />

3008 SUV highly in a range of<br />

areas, including its design, interior<br />

practicality and its innovative tech,<br />

including the Peugeot i-Cockpit®<br />

infotainment system.<br />

Commenting on the win, Erin Baker,<br />

Auto Trader’s New Car Editorial<br />

Director, said, “The PEUGEOT<br />

3008 SUV was a stand-out winner<br />

and has been highly commended<br />

for how comfortable and safe<br />

it feels when driving, as well as<br />

the quality of its interior and it’s<br />

good”.<br />

According to Baker, “Owners were<br />

quick to highlight the quality of<br />

the technology that comes as standard<br />

and its features and accessories.<br />

It’s a fantastic all-rounder and<br />

a wholly worthy winner of New<br />

Car of the Year.” In his remark,<br />

Peugeot UK managing director,<br />

David Peel, said, “Certain awards<br />

stand out for us in the industry.<br />

Any award based on owner feedback<br />

is extremely important for us<br />

and it’s fantastic to see so many<br />

owners praise their PEUGEOT<br />

3008 SUV. Our commitment to<br />

building vehicles that feature uncompromising<br />

quality, an instinctive<br />

driving experience and sharp<br />

design is clearly paying off.” The<br />

New Car of the Year award is just<br />

the latest in a range of accolades<br />

won by the Peugeot 3008 SUV,<br />

including Carbuyer’s ‘Best Medium<br />

SUV’, ‘Mid-Size SUV of the Year’ in<br />

the <strong>2019</strong> Fleet News Awards and<br />

‘Best Mid-Sized SUV’ in the <strong>2019</strong><br />

Driver Power survey.<br />

"Owners rated the<br />

Peugeot 3008 SUV<br />

highly in a range<br />

of areas, including<br />

its design, interior<br />

practicality and its<br />

innovative tech, including<br />

the Peugeot<br />

i-Cockpit infotain<br />

ment system<br />

Consumers are also asked about<br />

their overall satisfaction with their<br />

car and how likely they would<br />

be to recommend the model to<br />

others. Owners rated the Peugeot<br />

38 <strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> <strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong>

The Peugeot 3008 was officially<br />

unveiled to the local market by<br />

PAN Nigeria Limited at a launch<br />

held in Lagos in the first quarter<br />

of 2018, an event that attracted<br />

crème-d-la crème of the nation’s<br />

automotive industry. Reacting to<br />

Peugeot 3008’s latest award, the<br />

Managing Director of PAN, Ibrahim<br />

Boyi, said the SUV’s string of honours<br />

is a confirmation that all the<br />

attractive technological, safety<br />

and luxury features the company<br />

highlighted at the launch last<br />

year, were no marketing gimmicks,<br />

but true attributes of the<br />

car.<br />

<strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong><br />

<strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> 39

Motorbike<br />

Samsung and Energicar<br />

evolutionize the world<br />

of two wheels<br />

Innovating to improve people’s<br />

lives, expand their experiences<br />

and support their passions<br />

by letting them do things that<br />

they could not do before. Setting<br />

out on a path that has not been<br />

explored to date, this innovation<br />

meets and revolutionizes mobility<br />

on two wheels. Samsung Electronics<br />

Italia, in collaboration with<br />

Energica Motor Company S.p.A.,<br />

announces Smart Ride, a project<br />

that has as its aim a completely<br />

new riding experience.<br />

developing a solution of great<br />

importance and quality, we wanted<br />

to work with a valued brand in the<br />

world of two wheels like Energica<br />

which, thanks to its experience and<br />

innovative approach, represents a<br />

partner of excellence to start out<br />

on this journey with the creation<br />

of the Smart Ride project.”<br />

“We are proud to be at the side<br />

of a global leader like Samsung in<br />

In Italy, a country where motorbike<br />

market is growing (with a 4.3%<br />

increase in registrations during the<br />

first half of 2018), urban mobility<br />

on two wheels is a crucial subject,<br />

not only with a view to reducing<br />

emissions and easing traffic, but<br />

also in terms of technological<br />

development for the introduction<br />

of innovative solutions for motorcyclists.<br />

The collaboration between Samsung<br />

and Energica, the first Italian<br />

manufacturer of electric motorbikes,<br />

fits into this scenario. This<br />

partnership originated from the<br />

companies’ shared values, such as<br />

great attention to quality, research<br />

and technological innovation. All<br />

these elements have allowed the<br />

development of a cutting-edge<br />

project, Smart Ride, which offers<br />

a new way of experiencing motorbikes.<br />

It is a solution which<br />

perfectly reflects the Do What You<br />

Can’t philosophy of Samsung: at<br />

the service of people and their<br />

passions, innovation lets them<br />

achieve objectives which otherwise<br />

would be completely out of reach.<br />

“At Samsung, we are aware that<br />

innovation can play a key role<br />

because it enables revolutionary<br />

projects with direct impact on everyday<br />

life. This is exactly the reason<br />

why we are committed to continue<br />

exploring new sectors, where<br />

ideas can be transformed into real<br />

projects thanks to technology,”<br />

explains Francesco Cordani, Head<br />

of Marcom at Samsung Electronics<br />

Italia. “With the objective of<br />

the Smart Ride project,” emphasizes<br />

Livia Cevolini, CEO at Energica<br />

Motor Company S.p.A. “Our<br />

corporate idea is firmly rooted in<br />

the well-known Italian Motor Valley:<br />

engines and innovation have<br />

always been in our DNA. Over the<br />

past few years, we have interpreted<br />

the market’s need by anticipating<br />

products and solutions that are<br />

unique in the world. We have gone<br />

beyond the status quo offered by<br />

current technology, creating a new<br />

know-how. By creating innovation.<br />

I hope that the Energica and<br />

Samsung visions connected in this<br />

new Smart Ride project can be an<br />

inspiration for electric mobility in<br />

Italy and beyond its borders.”<br />

40 <strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> <strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong>


TOTYPE<br />

The prototype conceived by Energica<br />

Motor Company for Smart<br />

Ride has been designed starting<br />

from the electric old-style Eva<br />

EsseEsse9, the newly proclaimed<br />

Best Electric Bike of the Year<br />

2018. The result is “Bolid-E”, a<br />

speed machine which exalts the<br />

concept of speed as an emotion: a<br />

futuristic motorbike in which Samsung<br />

technologies and Energica<br />

expertise come together. The logo<br />

takes up this concept, showing, in<br />

the second letter, the graphic design<br />

of the headlights which, with<br />

their hollow profile, emphasize the<br />

sensation of speed and getting<br />

permeated by the wind. Bolid-E is<br />

the evolution of the key concept<br />

of Eva EsseEsse9: an alchemy of<br />

passion and tradition projected<br />

towards future at high speed.<br />


Smart Ride, a project managed and<br />

developed in all its phases in Italy<br />

by Samsung and Energica, aims at<br />

making possible the interaction<br />

– through NFC and Bluetooth<br />

connectivity – between Samsung<br />

Galaxy Watch and the Energica<br />

motorbike, guaranteeing a brand<br />

new riding experience. The Energica<br />

motorbike is also fitted with<br />

intelligent mirrors. The Head-up<br />

Displays consist of two Samsung<br />

Galaxy A series devices integrated<br />

into mirrors which, thanks to<br />

the videos generated by the two<br />

cameras – one rear and one front<br />

– on the motorbike, revolutionize<br />

road safety, analyzing images in<br />

real time and warning the rider of<br />

any hazards and obstacles ahead.<br />


Thanks to the interaction with<br />

<strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong><br />

the Samsung smartwatch through<br />

the dedicated “Energica” app, the<br />

rider can control her/his Energica<br />

motorbike via Bluetooth, checking<br />

battery level and related autonomy,<br />

and displaying the position of<br />

the bike on a map (based on the<br />

integrated GPS module on the vehicle).<br />

It is also possible to display<br />

in real time the average consumption,<br />

the power supplied, information<br />

on the journey such as total<br />

and partial (TRIP) odometer and<br />

performance of the vehicle (Speed,<br />

Torque, Power, RPM). Through the<br />

Horn function, riders can sound<br />

the horn directly from the Samsung<br />

smartwatch to be able to<br />

locate their bikes or as a deterrent<br />

for criminals.<br />


Samsung and Energica are also<br />

revolutionizing the way the motorbike<br />

is started: through the interaction<br />

(NFC) between the Galaxy<br />

Watch and the vehicle, a virtual<br />

key can be created which allows,<br />

merely by putting the smartwatch<br />

near the tank, starting the motorbike.<br />

In addition, owners can share<br />

their virtual key with a selection of<br />

contacts from their address book.<br />

Before setting off, you can also set<br />

your destination and start recording<br />

the journey.<br />

ON THE WAY<br />

Smart Ride is a project that not<br />

only aims at innovating the riding<br />

experience, but also at guaranteeing<br />

a high level of safety on<br />

the road. Thanks to the intelligent<br />

mirrors – the Samsung Head‐up<br />

Displays – it is possible to see,<br />

without any distraction, useful<br />

information on the journey, such<br />

as possible obstacles, the presence<br />

of vehicles in blind corners or<br />

pedestrians on the road. Furthermore,<br />

while travelling it is possible<br />

to check the availability of AC or<br />

DC type charging stations nearby,<br />

thanks to the GPS module integrated<br />

in the Samsung Galaxy<br />

Watch.<br />



The Energica riding experience is<br />

characterized by speed and performance:<br />

by activating the Track<br />

Recording function, it is possible<br />

to virtually relive the emotions<br />

of the journey on your Samsung<br />

Smart TV thanks to videos recorded<br />

by the built-in cameras on the<br />

motorbike and data captured by<br />

the smartwatch. In addition, using<br />

Smart Ride, the Energica riders can<br />

share their passion with friends<br />

through the Track Sharing and<br />

Key Sharing features. With a view<br />

to guaranteeing safety that is as<br />

effective as possible, Samsung<br />

and Energica have implemented a<br />

remote monitoring system to track<br />

the motorbike when it is used by<br />

several people. It is possible to display<br />

on a map the current position<br />

of the user and her/his Energica<br />

motorbike, define a range within<br />

which the motorbike can be used<br />

and get notified when it goes too<br />

far away.<br />

"This partnership<br />

originated from<br />

the companies'<br />

shared values, such<br />

as great attention<br />

to quality, research<br />

and technological<br />

innovation.<br />

<strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> 41

Chinese<br />

firm set<br />

to pilot<br />

electric<br />

motorbikes<br />

in Kenya<br />

the United Nations Environment<br />

Assembly in Nairobi.<br />

Jayson said that motorbikes will<br />

contribute to the reduction of<br />

carbon dioxide as part of efforts to<br />

eliminate greenhouse gas emissions.<br />

He said the company that is collaborating<br />

with the UN Environment<br />

Programme (UNEP) will be<br />

sending technicians to Kenya to<br />

help fix the equipment required.<br />

The company that has plants in<br />

Chinese cities, including Dongguan,<br />

Wuxi, and Tianjin, plans to<br />

expand to Ethiopia and Uganda<br />

after setting base in Kenya.<br />

Anyang Nyong’o, Governor for<br />

Kisumu County welcomed the<br />

company, adding that the project<br />

will help reduce pollution in the<br />

city.<br />

Nyong’o said that such initiatives<br />

should be taken up as they help<br />

solve pollution and electricity<br />

Chinese electric vehicle<br />

manufacturer TAILG<br />

Group said that it is set<br />

to pilot electric motorbikes<br />

in Kenya as art of its entry<br />

in the local market. Jayson Huang,<br />

an official with the group, said that<br />

the introduction will take place<br />

in the western inland port city of<br />

Kisumu in July.<br />

“We intend to pilot 50 motorbikes<br />

in the city as part of our entry<br />

into the Kenyan market,” Jayson<br />

told journalists on the sidelines<br />

of the ongoing fourth session of<br />

problems and keep people healthy.<br />

“The program comes at a time<br />

when we are working on a modern<br />

transport system that will help us<br />

decongest the city,” he added.<br />

Rob De Jong, head of mobility unit<br />

at UNEP, said that the UN agency<br />

is currently working on a project<br />

that aims at integrating electric two<br />

wheelers and three wheelers into<br />

existing urban transport modes in<br />

developing countries.<br />

“We are piloting and developing a<br />

comprehensive policy framework<br />

in Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Philippines,<br />

Thailand and Vietnam,” he<br />

added.<br />

42 <strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> <strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong>

Upcoming<br />

electric motorcycle<br />

Pune-based startup Tork<br />

Motorcycles introduced its<br />

first concept T6X a couple<br />

of years ago. It received<br />

tremendous appreciation, but it<br />

wasn’t until this year that Tork<br />

finally announced the launch of<br />

the much-awaited e-bike. With its<br />

launch expected this year, here’s<br />

what you should know about the<br />

Tork T6X.<br />

Tork T6X Engine<br />

As the T6X is an all-electric bike,<br />

it will be powered by a 6 kW or 8<br />

BHP electric motor, which churns<br />

out a peak of 27 Nm of torque.<br />

This will be mated to an automatic<br />

transmission.<br />

Tork T6X Chassis<br />

The e-bike is built on the sturdy<br />

yet light-weight trellis frame, which<br />

incorporates its battery pack,<br />

among other electronics. It is also<br />

expected to have telescopic front<br />

forks and a monoshock at the rear.<br />

Tork T6X Range<br />

With a juiced-up battery, the Tork<br />

T6X has a claimed range of over<br />

100 km. That coupled with a<br />

claim of up to 80% charging in<br />

just an hour, could be a severe<br />

threat to the current 200cc motorcycles.<br />

Tork T6X Performance<br />

As an 8 BHP motor powers the<br />

e-bike, it has a claimed top speed<br />

of 100 kmph, though actual roadtests<br />

are yet to be conducted. The<br />

bike is also equipped with Tork’s<br />

latest technology, TIROS (Tork<br />

Intuitive Response Operating System).<br />

This will allow the selection<br />

of riding modes that will alter the<br />

power delivery.<br />

Tork T6X Pricing<br />

When the bike was first revealed<br />

as a concept, it was slated to be<br />

priced around the Rs 1.25 lakh<br />

mark. Now, though the company<br />

has maintained the price figures, it<br />

would be safe to assume that the<br />

after sales service and availability<br />

of spares would not be an <strong>issue</strong>.<br />

<strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong><br />

<strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> 43

Safety<br />

Tips<br />

Regularly check your<br />

tire pressure and inspect<br />

your tire tread<br />

and sidewalls<br />

In addition to maintaining proper inflation<br />

pressure, regularly inspect the tire<br />

tread and sidewalls for irregular tread<br />

wear, cracking, scrapes, bulges, cuts,<br />

snags, foreign objects or other damage resulting<br />

from use. Remove any stones, glass,<br />

foreign objects, etc. embedded in the tread<br />

to prevent further damage. Even minor damage<br />

can lead to further injury and eventual<br />

tire failure. Tires with excessive cracking on<br />

the tread or sidewall(s) should be removed<br />

from service. This is typically caused by under<br />

inflation, over loading, improper storage,<br />

and/or improper long-term parking.<br />

Consumers should check their tire tread<br />

and sidewall areas during monthly inflation<br />

pressure checks, looking for uneven or irregular<br />

tread wear or other conditions as noted<br />

above. It is recommended that tires, including<br />

the spare, be periodically inspected by<br />

a tire service professional during routine<br />

maintenance intervals such as oil changes<br />

and tire rotations.<br />


FOR:<br />

Uneven tread wear – This can include more<br />

wear on one tread edge than the other, a<br />

rippled pattern of high and low wear, or<br />

exposed steel wire. Uneven wear can be<br />

caused by problems such as under inflation,<br />

vehicle misalignment and improper<br />

balancing.<br />

Shallow tread – Well worn or bald tires can<br />

result in hydroplaning, loss of traction and<br />

are more likely to be damaged by potholes<br />

and other road hazards. Replace tires when<br />

worn to 2/32 inch (1.6 mm) tread depth<br />

anywhere on the tread face. To help you<br />

see when the tread is worn out, tires have<br />

a built in “tread wear indicators.” These<br />

are narrow bars of smooth rubber that run<br />

across the tread. When the tread is even<br />

with the bars, a tire is worn down to 2/32<br />

inch and the tire must be replaced immediately.<br />

You can also try the penny test: place<br />

a penny in the tire’s most worn groove with<br />

Lincoln’s head facing down. If you can see<br />

the top of Lincoln’s head, the tire should be<br />

replaced.<br />

Troublemakers – Check for small stones,<br />

pieces of glass, bits of metal and other foreign<br />

objects that might be wedged into the<br />

tread and carefully remove them. They can<br />

cause serious problems if they are pushed<br />

farther into your tire as you drive.<br />

Damaged areas – Cracks, cuts, splits,<br />

punctures, holes and bulges in the tread<br />

or on the sidewalls of the tire can indicate<br />

serious problems, and the tire may need to<br />

be replaced.<br />

Slow leaks – Remember that tires lose<br />

inflation pressure when the air temperature<br />

gets colder (about 1 psi or 7 kPa for every<br />

10°F drop in temperature). Tires may also<br />

lose a certain amount of inflation pressure<br />

due to their permeability (about 2 psi or 14<br />

kPa per month). However, if you find that<br />

you have to add inflation pressure every few<br />

days, have the tire, wheel and valve checked<br />

by a tire service professional – and if necessary,<br />

repair or replace the tire.<br />

Valve caps – Those little caps on your tire’s<br />

valve stem keep moisture and dirt out, so<br />

make sure they are on all your tires. Also,<br />

when you have a tire replaced, have a new<br />

valve stem assembly installed at the same<br />

time.<br />

Driving on a damaged tire can be dangerous.<br />

If you see something you’re not<br />

sure about during your inspection, have it<br />

examined by your tire service professional.<br />

Any time you see damage to a tire, don’t<br />

drive on it – use a spare if you need to go<br />

somewhere. And finally, pay attention to<br />

the “feel” of your tires as you drive. A rough<br />

ride may indicate tire damage or excessive<br />

wear.<br />

If you notice vibrations or other disturbances<br />

while driving, and/or you suspect possible<br />

damage to your tire or vehicle, immediately<br />

reduce speed, drive with caution until<br />

you can safely pull off the road and stop,<br />

and inspect our tires. If a tire is damaged,<br />

deflate it and replace it with your spare. If<br />

you do not see any tire damage and cannot<br />

identify the source of the vibration, have the<br />

vehicle towed to a mechanic or tire dealer<br />

for a thorough inspection.<br />

44 <strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> <strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong>

Driving safety tips<br />

every driver should know<br />

When you’re behind the<br />

wheel of a car whether<br />

alone or with passengers<br />

– driving safely<br />

should always be your top concern.<br />

We’re more distracted than<br />

ever, so it’s crucial to know the<br />

basics of safe driving and practice<br />

them every time you’re on the<br />

road. Here are some safe driving<br />

tips:<br />

Top 4 driving safety tips<br />

• Focus on driving<br />

Keep 100% of your attention<br />

on driving at all times – no<br />

multi-tasking.<br />

Don’t use your phone or any other<br />

electronic device while driving.<br />

Slow down. Speeding gives you<br />

less time to react and increases the<br />

severity of an accident.<br />

• Drive “defensively”<br />

Be aware of what other drivers<br />

around you are doing, and expect<br />

the unexpected.<br />

Assume other motorists will do<br />

something crazy, and always be<br />

prepared to avoid it. Keep a 2-second<br />

cushion between you and the<br />

car in front of you. Make that 4<br />

seconds if the weather is bad.<br />

• Make a safe driving plan<br />

Build time into your trip schedule<br />

to stop for food, rest breaks,<br />

phone calls or other business.<br />

Adjust your seat, mirrors and<br />

climate controls before putting<br />

the car in gear. Pull over to eat or<br />

drink. It takes only a few minutes.<br />

• Practice safety<br />

Secure cargo that may move<br />

around while the vehicle is in<br />

motion.<br />

Don’t attempt to retrieve items that<br />

fall to the floor.<br />

Have items needed within easy<br />

reach – such as toll fees, toll cards<br />

and garage passes.<br />

Always wear your seat belt and<br />

drive sober and drug-free. Don’t<br />

allow children to fight or climb<br />

around in your car – they should<br />

be buckled in their seats at all<br />

times. Too much noise can easily<br />

distract you from focus on the<br />

road.<br />

Avoid driving when you’re tired.<br />

Be aware that some medications<br />

cause drowsiness and make operating<br />

a vehicle very dangerous.<br />

Learn more about drowsy driving.<br />

Always use caution when changing<br />

lanes. Cutting in front of someone,<br />

changing lanes too fast or not<br />

using your signals may cause an<br />

accident or upset other drivers.<br />

Be extra careful while driving<br />

during deer season.<br />

<strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong><br />

<strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> 45

Advertiser’s Index<br />

1. 3M........................................................................................................................................................................................<br />

2. Asuki Automobiles.................................................................................................................................................<br />

3. ARB Bearings................................................................................................................................................................<br />

4. Castrol...............................................................................................................................................................................<br />

5. Globbat............................................................................................................................................................................<br />

6. Good Year......................................................................................................................................................................<br />

7. Hp Lubricants..............................................................................................................................................................<br />

8. Mintex...............................................................................................................................................................................<br />

9. Motorol............................................................................................................................................................................<br />

10. Voltronic..................................................................................................................................................................<br />

Pg....IBC<br />

Pg....IFC<br />

Pg....33<br />

Pg....17<br />

Pg....19<br />

Pg....33<br />

Pg....24<br />

Pg....IBC<br />

Pg...OBC<br />

Pg....28<br />

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46 <strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> <strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong>

<strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong><br />

<strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> 47

48 <strong>Africa</strong> <strong>Automotive</strong> News l <strong>2019</strong> <strong>May</strong>-<strong>June</strong> <strong>issue</strong> l <strong>2019</strong>

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