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Untitled

ogor gavzardoT mogebis Sansi

avtoris gamocemuli wignebi: `bediswera~

(romani), `legendebi~ (leqsebi), `generali

goridan~ (monografia), `bolo vagonis leqsebi~,

`mxiaruli riTmebi~, `ixareT~ (sabavSvo

leqsebi), `xsovnis wigni~ (sam nawilad), `siTbo

Cemken da Cemgan~ (leqsebi), `kibis 75 safexuri~

(leqsebi), `almasa~ (moTxrobebi, novelebi),

`ajafsandali~, `miniaturebis aRlumi~,

`telepaTiuri Tavgadasavlebi~, `igav-arakebi~,

`mtevnis naJuri~ (leqsebi), `nostalgia~

(leqsebi, novelebi), `publicistika~ (pirveli

nawili), `aba gamoicani~ (sabavSvo leqsebi),

`Tikunebi~, `gvelebis sasaflao~ (novelebi),

`rogor gavzardoT mogebis Sansi~.

redaqtori Tamaz klimiaSvili

dizaineri Salva muradaSvili


vaxtang WankotaZe 3

winasityvaoba

bolo 15-20 wlis ganmavlobaSi saqarTveloSi myarad

moikida fexi saTamaSo (kazino, internet-kafe, loto,

toto, totalizatori) biznesis qselma.

gamomdinare qarTveli kacis (zogadad ki kavkasielebis)

azartuli xasiaTidan, mosalodneli iyo, rom saTamaSo biznesis

dawesebulebebs miawydeboda aseulaTasobiT, ioladgamdidrebis

msurveli da asec moxda.

rom ityvian, Tavpiriswyvetaa fsonebis mimRebebTan.

kompiuterebTan momuSave operatorebs mZime Sromis Sesruleba

uwevT, radgan moTamaSeTa raodenoba dRiTidRe

izrdeba.

SedarebiT wynari samuSao aqvT mogebebis gacemis dros,

radgan (ase iyo, aris da iqneba) mogebulTa ricxvi sakmaod

mcirea.

aRsaniSnavia, rom moTamaSeTa absoluturi umravlesoba

_ axalgazrdobaa, romelsac (Tavi rom davaneboT azartul

xasiaTs) ZiriTadad, dausaqmeblobam ubiZga da CarTo

sabediswero (azartul TamaSebs Waobisa da narkotikebis

buneba aqvs. Tu erTi CagiTria _ Zneli xdeba Tavis daRweva)

TamaSebSi, ramac araerTxel miiyvana adamianebi savalalo

Sedegebamde. wagebasTan Segueba uWirs qarTvel

kacs da Waobic iTrevs da iTrevs.

am patara wignis saSualebiT avtors surs, dakvirvebis

safuZvelze, gaakeTos mcire mimoxilva im meTodebis, xe-


4

rogor gavzardoT mogebis Sansi

rxebisa da niuansebis Sesaxeb, romelic yoveldRiurad

xvdeba TamaSis procesSi CarTul moTamaSes, iqneba axalgazrda

Tu asakovani, kaci Tu qali (SeiniSneba, rom

qalbatonebi masiurad arian CarTulni _ gansakuTrebiT

lotos TamaSSi).

saubari iqneba mxolod fexburTis Sesaxeb, Tumca

vfiqrob, rom yvelaferi is, rac am wignSi iqneba naTqvami

(zogadi saxiT), Tanabrad exeba CogburTs, kalaTburTs,

hokeis da a.S.

imedia, wignSi motanili mosazrebebi, rCevebi da

daskvnebi, SesaZleblobas miscems moTamaSeebs odnav mainc

gaaumjobeson piradi miRwevebi da minimalurad mainc gazardon

mogebis Sansi, Tumca vityviT, rom mogebis asprocentiani

varianti (recepti) ar arsebobs da sasurveli

Sedegis miRweva bevr SemTxveviT faqtorTan aris dakav-

Sirebuli.

avtori


vaxtang WankotaZe 5

ris codna da

gaTvaliswinebaa saWiro

erTxel kidev aRvniSnavT, rom asprocentiani mogebis Sansi

praqtikulad ar arsebobs, magram moTamaSe, raRa Tqma unda,

cdilobs rac SeiZleba miuaxlovdes momgebian Sedegs.

nebismieri TamaSis Sedegze gavlenas axdens uamravi `xiluli~

da aSkara da aseve, mravali `uxilavi~ da SemTxveviTi

faqtori Tu mizezi.

SemTxveviTi sidideebisa da faqtorebis amaTuim mosalodnel

Sedegze zegavlenis Teorias swavlobs maTematikuri

statistikisa da albaTobis Teoriis esaTuis kanoni

Tu debuleba, magram yvelas ver movTxovT amis codnas

(Tumca arc am sakiTxebis sruli codna iZleva mogebis

asprocentian garantias). miuxedavad naTqvamisa, moTamaSe

mainc cdilobs, rom amaTuim TamaSis Sedegis gamocnobisas

daeyrdnos raRac logikas da ukve cnobil raRac winaswar

informacias da ise gaakeTos fsoni.

mainc ra unda icodes moTamaSem (fexburTis SemTxvevaSi)

da ris maqsimalurad gamoyenebas unda cdilobdes igi fsonis

dadebis dros?

SevecdebiT gavamaxviloT yuradReba faqtorTa jgufze,

romelic pirdapir Tu iribad axdens gavlenas amaTuim

Sedegze: (raRa Tqma unda, es CamonaTvali ar aris sruli

da srulyofili, Tumca misi gaTvaliswineba aucileblad

axlos migviyvans (magram ver uzrunvelyofs) sasurvel

mogebasTan. (uamravia SemTxveviTi faqtori, romelTa gaTvaliswineba

ubralod SeuZlebelia).

1. saturniro cxrilSi romel adgilebze imyofebian


6

rogor gavzardoT mogebis Sansi

gundebi, ra ambiciebi da Sansebi aqvT (CempionTa ligis an

evroligis gaTamaSebaSi moxvedra Tu saxifaTo-gasavardni

zonidan Tavis daRweva da a. S.)

2. ramdeni turi darCa, vis visTan aqvs saTamaSo da ra

Sansebi aqvT.

3. moTamaSe (mopaeqre) gundebis urTierTSexvedrebis

Sedegebi, Tundac bolo 1-2 wlis periodSi.

4. tradiciulad vin visTvis aris Zneli da arasasiamovno

metoqe (xom gagvigia: am gunds is gundi daCagruli

hyavs, yvelgan yovelTvis amwarebso. aseTi iyo Tavis droze

quTaisis `torpedo~ moskovis xuTive gundisaTvis (moskovSic

ugebda da quTaisSic).

5. rogor Sedegebs aRwevs esaTuis gundi sakuTar moedanze

da stumrad.

6. rogoria TiToeuli gundis Semadgenloba konkretuli

TamaSis dros (tramvirebulebi, diskvalificirebulebi, erT

yviTelbaraTianebi, gripiT daavadebulebi, mwvrTnelTan gar-

Tulebuli damokidebulebis mqoneni, saqorwilo mogzaurobaSi

myofni, ojaxuri tragediiT damZimebulebi, axalbedebi,

debiutantebi, xom ar aris mwvrTneli axladdaniSnuli,

romelmac jer ver aawyo wesieri gundi da a.S. da a.S.

7. saSualod vis ramdeni burTi gaaqvs metoqis karSi

`Sin~ da `gareT~ da rogor gamoiyureba es monacemebi

mopaeqre gundebis SemTxvevaSi.

8. rogori amindia mosalodneli (cnobilia, rom samxre-

Telebs uWirT TamaSi CrdiloeTis regionebSi da piriqiT,

rom aRaraferi vTqvaT autanel sicxeze an kokispirul

wvimebze an Tovlze da yinvaze).

9. vin aris mTavari msaji, ra pirovnuli TvisebebiT


vaxtang WankotaZe 7

an rogori reputaciiT sargeblobs (aris: obieqturi,

arasamarTliani, mkacri Tu liberali, moqmedebs Tu ara

masze maspinZelTa stadionis tribunebi da a.S.).

aqve unda SevexoT erT ybadaRebul faqtorsac, rasac

iRbali hqvia.

aravisTvis ar warmoadgens saidumloebas, rom arseboben

SedarebiT iRbliani da naklebadiRbliani (an uiRblo)

adamianebi. am faqtoris gaTvaliswinebasac SeuZlia, Tundac

umniSvnelo, magram mainc sargeblobis motana. (Tu vinmes

Tavisi Tavi uiRblod miaCnia, man an Tavi unda daanebos

azartul TamaSebs, an unda iTamaSos gansakuTrebuli sifrTxiliT).

raRa Tqma unda, yvelafris gaTvaliswineba (ra faqtorebic

CamoTvlilia da rac ar aris moxsenebuli) Zalian

Znelia (sruli informaciis flobis SemTxvevaSic ki) da

amitom aris mogebac Zneli.

TamaSis Sedegze moqmedebs aseve (albaTobis Teoriis

terminologiiT Tu visargeblebT) e. w. `SemTxveviTi faqtorebi~.

`SemTxveviToba~ Zneladprognozirebadi fenomenia da

mniSvnelovan gavlenas axdens adamianis pirad cxovrebaze

Tu sazogadoebaSi mimdinare mravalferovan procesebze da

movlenebze. mxolod Teoriuli codniTa da praqtikuli

dakvirvebiTa da analizis unariT dajildoebul adamianebs

`uadvildebaT~ mis winaaRmdeg `brZola~ da SedarebiT

mokrZalebuli warmatebis miRweva.

bevri ram damokidebulia moTamaSis fsiqologiur gunebaganwyobaze:

ramdenad mSvidi xarT, Tavi xom ar gaqvT damZimebuli

guSindeli Rvinis smiT, sicxe xom ar gaqvT, nasvami


8

rogor gavzardoT mogebis Sansi

xom ar xarT, meuRlesTan

Cxubis Semdeg xom ar waxvediT

saTamaSod da saer-

Tod, ramdenad azartuli

xarT da SegiZliaT Tu

ara `civi gonebiT~ gansja

da amaTuim TamaSTan dakavSirebiT

mkacri logikuri

msjeloba.

saWiroa moTamaSe ganewyos

erTi saocari da evropis Tasis mflobeli

marTlac WeSmariti mc- Tbilisis `dinamo~. 1981 w.

nebis aRiarebisaTvis,

rom `wageba da mogeba Zmebi arian~.

Tu mtkivneulad da ufro metic, tragikulad ganicdi

wagebas, maSin uari unda Tqva azartul TamaSebze.

moTamaSem zogjer isic ki unda gaiTvaliswinos, Tu ra

Sedegia mosalodneli paralelurad mimdinare SexvedraSi

da ra roli SeiZleba Seasrulos am Sedegma mis mier Ser-

Ceuli Sexvedris mosalodnel Sedegze.

seriozul gavlenas axdens SexvedraTa Sedegze e.w. `uxilavi

faqtori, rogoricaa azartuli TamaSebis `Sidalaboratoriuli~

xrikebi da niuansebi, romelTa Sesaxebac

moTamaSem an araferi icis (da es marTlac asea), an Tu icis

_ Zalian cota ram.

zemoTnaTqvamidan gamomdinare, cxadi xdeba (da amas praqtikac

aCvenebs), rom mogeba Zalian Znelia, magram ara Seu-

Zlebeli. am principzea agebuli saTamaSo `industriis~

Senoba.


vaxtang WankotaZe 9

is, rac SeiZleba

gamogadgeT

totalizatorSi moTamaSes sistematurad uxdeba kavSiri

ricxvebTan (koeficientebTan, e.w. `kuSebTan), maT

namravlTan, jamTan da a.S.

logikuria, rom mogebis msurvelebi arCeven im totalizators,

sadac amaTuim TamaSis Sedegis Sesabamisi koeficienti

(`kuSi~) ufro metia, Tundac meaTediT an ramdenime

measediTac ki. erTidaigive TamaSis Sedegis Sesabamisi koeficientebis

(`kuSebis~) gansxvavebac aseve logikuri da

bunebrivia totalizatorebs Soris arsebuli konkurenciidan

gamomdinare (moTamaSeTa mizidvis mcdeloba da dasaSvebi

da xelsayreli sidideebis SerCeva).

mcire ricxvebis sistematuri manipulaciis aucileblobidan

gamomdinare ,sasargeblo unda iyos, rom moTamaSeebma

icodnen elementaruli (martivi) ariTmetikuli

WeSmariteba (gansakuTrebiT ki maSin, roca moTamaSe

irCevs e. w. `minusaoi~ sistemiT TamaSis meTods. amaze

ufro detalurad vimsjelebT qvemoT). kerZod ki is,

rom: 2-amde sididis ricxvebis jami ufro metia, vidre

maTi namravli da rom am movlenaSi (erTi SexedviT ucnaurSi)

aris mogebis gazrdis SesaZleblobis erTgvari

niuansi. magaliTad:

1,3+1,3=2,60

xolo

1,3X1,3=1,69.


10

qarTuli fexburTis ori legenda:

avTandil RoRoberiZe (`basa~) da

boris paiWaZe

rogor gavzardoT mogebis Sansi

rogorc vxedavT,

sxvaoba (0,91) sakmaod

mniSvnelovania

(jamuri koeficientis

miRebis TvalsazrisiT)

da igi

metyvelebs Sekrebis

sasargeblod.

axla vnaxoT

SemTxveva, rodesac

saqme gvaqvs 2-ze

meti ricxvebis ma-

nipulaciasTan.

magaliTad:

2,4+2,4=4,80

xolo

2,4X2,4=5,76

rogorc vxedavT, 2-ze meti mniSvnelobis ricxvebis

jami naklebia amave ricxvebis namravlze.

vfiqrobT, es `aRmoCena~ mcire sargeblobas mainc moutans

moTamaSeebs, raTa gazardon mogebis Sansi, gansakuTrebiT

e. w. `minusaoi~ sistemiT TamaSis dros.

Tu raime sasargeblos dainaxavT zemoTnaTqvamSi, SegiZliaT

isargebloT TandarTuli cxrilebiT (#1 da

#2).


vaxtang WankotaZe 11

2-mde sididis ricxvebis jami

cxrili #1

striqonisa da svetis gadakveTaze mocemulia Sesbamisi ricxvebis jami.


12

1) maCveneblebi damrgvalebulia 0,01 sizustiT.

2) striqonisa da svetis gadakveTaze mocemulia Sesabamisi ricxvebis namravli.

rogor gavzardoT mogebis Sansi

cxrili #2

2-mde sididis ricxvebis namravli


vaxtang WankotaZe 13

mravalferovneba

Tu satyuara

adamiani dabadebidanve did interess iCens yovelive

imis mimarT, rac mis garSemo aris da xdeba. imavdroulad

adamianebis umravlesoba (zogierTi gamonaklisis garda)

yovelTvis iswrafoda da iswrafis mravalferovnebisken

_ es misi bunebrivi moTxovnilebaa. mravalferovnebisken

ltolva Tavis mxriv iwvevs adamianis SesaZleblobebis da

yuradRebis iZulebiT gadanawilebas mraval mimarTulebaze,

movlenaze Tu faqtze, rac Tavis mxriv gvikargavs

SesaZleblobas Rrmad da safuZvlianad (didi yuradRebiT)

CavwvdeT romelime konkretul sakiTxs.

raRa Tqma unda, totalizatoris mesveurebma kargad

ician adamianis fsiqologia da erTidaigive TamaSis Sesaxeb

gvTavazoben Sedegis aTeulobiT variantis gamocnobis

SesaZleblobas. ubralo maTi CamoTvlac ki gamaognebelia

da damabneveli, rac pirdapir emsaxureba moTamaSis yuradRebis

gafantvas. erTi SexedviT mogvwons kidec es

garemoeba da vfiqrobT: `xedavT, ramden rames gvTavazoben.

midi da airCie, meti raRa ginda?!~ Cvenc xan iqiT vecemiT

da xan aqeT; isic gvinda da esec. xan erTi SemoTavazeba

mogvwons da xan maore; vkamaTobT, varCevT, vfiqrobT,

vwvalobT da bolosdabolos varCevT, rogorc Cven gvgonia,

ukeTes variants (kombinacias).

fsiqologiuri testebi da ubralod praqtikuli

(cxovrebiseuli) dakvirveba gvkarnaxobs, rom maRali

Sedegis miReba, anu warmatebis miRweva SesaZlebelia


14

rogor gavzardoT mogebis Sansi

(didi albaTobiT) im SemTxvevaSi, Tu mTeli Cveni codna,

energia da praqtikidan miRebuli gamocdileba mimarTuli

iqneba erTi sakiTxisaken (movlenisken, variantisken) da

igi yovelmxriv iqneba gaanalizebuli.

aba daakvirdiT, ramden gamosacnob sakiTxs gvTavazobs

totalizatori:

1. mogeba-wageba;

2. fre;

3. pirveli taimis Sedegi;

4. golebis raodenoba _ kenti Tu luwi;

5. romel taimSi gava meti goli, Tu iqneba Tanabari

Sedegi;

6. `handikapi~;

7. orive gundi gaitans gols Tu ara (`ki~-`ara~);

8. taimboli;

9. romeli gundi daiwyebs TamaSs;

10. wiTel-yviTeli baraTebis raodenoba;;

11. kuTxurebis raodenoba;

12. autebis raodenoba;

13. rodis (taimebis romel monakveTSi) gava pirveli goli;

14. karSi dartymebis raodenoba;

15. burTis flobis procenti;

16. romeli gundi Camoawvdis pirvel kuTxurs;

17. romeli gundi Camoawvdis met kuTxurs;

18. jarimebis saerTo raodenoba;

da a. S. da a. S.

mokled, zixar da iWylitav tvins, Tu ra SearCio,

ras endo mogebis Sansi rom gazardo. mosalodneli Sede-


vaxtang WankotaZe 15

gis gamocnoba xom Zneli

saqmea _ es yvelas kargad

moexseneba, Tanac SemoTavazebaTa

warmoudgenlad did

simravleSi.

rogor davaRwioT Tavi

Cvens win gadaSlil qaoss

da rogor SevZloT mogebis

Sansis gazrda?!

Setevazea mixeil mesxi

sanam am sakiTxze Cems

mosazrebas gagiziarebT, gavakeTeb

patara lirikul gadaxvevas.

bevri sirTule da siZnele xvdeba adamians yoveldRiur

cxovrebaSi. davuSvaT, rom mogviwia aTi raime (sxvadasxva)

siZnelis gadalaxvis aucileblobam. dakvirvebuli adamiani

SeamCnevs, rom am aT siZneleTa Soris aucileblad

iqneba iseTebi, romelTa gadawyveta Zalian Znelia (Tumca

SesaZlebeli). iseTebic iqneba, romelTa mogvareba (gadawyveta)

aris SedarebiT advili. dabolos iqneba iseTi

kategoriis siZnelec, romelic SeiZleba rom miekuTvnos

saSualo siZnelis problemaTa jgufs. normalurad moazrovne

adamians unda SeeZlos metadZnelis garCeva naklebadZnelisgan.

Tu es ar SeuZlia moTamaSes, maSin mas

gauWirdeba totalizatoris meqanizmSi Cadebuli maxeebis

gverdis avla.

asidan asive adamiani ityvis, rom ormetriani ormos

amoTxra ufro Znelia, vidre, vTqvaT, erTi lursmnis xeSi

CarWoba; RviniT savse yanwis dacla ufro Znelia, vidre


16

rogor gavzardoT mogebis Sansi

RviniT galiplipebuli fialisa da a.S. asea im SemTxveva-

Sic, roca arCev mosageb variantebs _ nu miadgebiT (nu

amoiCemeb) yvelaze rTul da SedarebiT Zneladgamosacnob

variants. eZebeT, Tqveni azriT, ufro naklebadZneli (SedarebiT

ioli) varianti.

axla erTxel kidev gadavxedoT totalizatorebis mier

SemoTavazebul gamosacnob Sedegebis zemoTCamoTvlil monacemebs.

Tu kargad daakvirdebiT da gaakeTebT ubralo

analizs _ mixvdebiT, rom aqac SeiZleba metadZnelisa da

SedarebiT naklebadZnelis povna.

Cemi Rrma rwmeniT, amaTuim TamaSis saboloo Sedegis

gamocnoba SedarebiT iolia, vidre `taimbolis~, an Tundac

`vin moawvdis pirvel (an met) kuTxurs da a.S.

Tu am elementarul daskvnaSi xedavT WeSmaritebis marcvals,

maSin scadeT gaiTvaliswinoT es mosazreba, riTac

SesZlebT mogebis Sansis gazrdas. vimeoreb _ `Sansis gazrdas~

da ara asprocentian mogebas.

zemodnaTqvamis sasargeblod metyvelebs koeficientebis

(e.w. `kuSebis~) sidideebic: `taimbols~ aqvs yvelaze meti

`kuSi~ imitom, rom yvelaze Zneli gamosacnobia. yvelaze

naklebi `kuSi~ aqvs SedarebiT Zlier maspinZel gunds

imitom, rom ufro adviladgamosacnobia, Tumca `iaRliSi~

aqac xdeba, magram SedarebiT iSviaTad.

mjera, rom moTamaSeebma yvelaferi es kargad ician, magram

`raRac~ uSliT xels, rom gaakeTon SedarebiT momgebian

arCevani da es `raRac~, Cemi azriT, aris sixarbe, anu

(am SemTxvevaSi) bevris mogeba patara fsoniT, rac, umetes

SemTxvevaSi TiTqmis SeuZlebelia.


vaxtang WankotaZe 17

sixarbe amcirebs mogebis

Sanss

gasagebia, rom adamianebi totalizatorebSi TamaSoben

mosagebad. es bunebrivia da logikuric. ver naxavT pirovnebas,

romelic wasagebad iyos ganwyobili, magram umetes

SemTxvevaSi mainc agebs. es aris azartuli TamaSebis Sidasamzareulos

arsi da `filosofia~.

albaT damerwmunebiT, rom saTamaSo baraTis Sedgenis

Semdeg yvelas gvrCeba daukmayofileblobis SegrZneba; ar

gvyofnis is jamuri koeficienti (`kuSi~), romelic Seadgina

Cvens mier SerCeulma koeficientebma, gvecotaveba,

ufro meti gvinda. xSirad gvZlevs cduneba da SerCeul

kombinacias kidev vamatebT, Cveni azriT `naRd~ Sedegs. da

es keTdeba erTaderTi mizniT _ minimaluri fsoniT mivi-

RoT maqsimaluri mogeba.

xSirad Sevswrebivar da minaxavs Tu esaTuis moTamaSe,

romelsac ar akmayofilebs jamuri koeficienti, cdilobs

mis gazrdas (`gasuqebas~) da amatebs kidev erTi an ramdenime

TamaSis mosalodneli Sedegis Sesabamis koeficients.

zustad aq xdeba is, rac unda momxdariyo. Tavisebur sixarbes

mivyavarT wagebis Sansis gazrdasTan da aseTi ram

xSirad momxdara. meore dRes ki sinanuliT gviTqvams: `ra

Zala madga, ratom davamate es TamaSi~-o da ase Semdeg.

ar vapireb imis mtkicebas, rom ukve SerCeul kombinaciaze

kidev erTi Sedegis mimateba (`gasuqeba~) aucileblad


18

migviyvans wagebamde,

magram unda

kargad gvaxsovdes,

rom rac ufro met

TamaSs movuyriT

Tavs erT saTamaSo

baraTSi, miT ufro

naklebia mogebis

Sansi.

ityviT albaT _

es xom Cvenc kargad

viciTo. ki batono,

rogor gavzardoT mogebis Sansi

1964 w. Tbilisis `dinamo~ pirvelad

gaxda yofili sabWoTa kavSiris

Cempioni (q. taSkenti).

viciT, magram raRac gviSlis xels da Cemi Rrma rwmeniT

es `raRac~ aris sixarbe, diax Cveulebrivi adamianuri

sixarbe.

sayofacxovrebo filosofiis sferos ganekuTvneba albaT

aseTi banaluri WeSmariteba, rom `mcire garjiT didi

Sedegis miRweva TiTqmis SeuZlebelia~, rom `patara saqmis

gakeTebasac ki didi garja da saxsrebi sWirdeba~ da a.S.

Tu am cxovrebiseul WeSmaritebas gavavrcelebT azartul

TamaSebze da kerZod ki totalizatorSi mosalodnel

Sedegze, SegviZlia, Zalian didi miaxloebiT,

vamtkicoT, rom mcire fsoniT didi mogebis miReba metad

Znelia, piriqiT ki, anu didi fsoniT patara mogebis Sansi

_ gacilebiT advilad misaRwevi gaxlavT.

maS, iqneb virwmunoT is, rom mogebis Sansis gasazrdelad

mizanSewonilia SevCerdeT TamaSebis raodenobis minim-


vaxtang WankotaZe 19

alur raodenobaze da maqsimalurad SesaZlebel fsonze.

gvaxsovdes, rom didi mogebis molodinSi yoveldRiur

wagebas namdvilad jobia yoveldRiuri mcire mogeba. amis

miRwevis Sansis gazrda ki sixarbis daZlevaSi mdgomareobs.

aqve, ar iqneba cudi, Tu xazs gavusvamT cxovrebiT dadasturebul

kidev ramdenime WeSmaritebas:

_ iSviaTia azartuli TamaSebiT gamdidrebuli kaci;

_ vinc totalizatorebSi eZebs arsebobis saSualebis

mopovebas, igi, umetes SemTxvevaSi ganwirulia marcxisTvis;

_ totalizatorebSi mogebulebi xSirad arian adamianebi,

romlebsac uxvad gaaCniaT e. w. `Tavisufali Tanxebi~.

aRvniSnavT, rom daskvnebi, mosazrebebi da rekomendaciebi,

rasac am wignSi SexvdebiT, sulac ar iZleva

mogebis asprocentian garantias da isini ubralod

warmoadgens saTamaSo biznesze dakvirvebis, maTematikuri

statistikis, albaTobis Teoriis principebisa da e. w.

`SemTxveviT sidideTa~ Sidabunebis, farTo sazogadoebisaTvis

naklebadcnobil postulatebis, cxovrebiseul

ganzogadoebas.


20

rogor gavzardoT mogebis Sansi

ybadaRebuli `erTi gundis~

mudmivi problema

totalizatoris moTamaSeebis mxridan xSirad

gaigonebT aseT sityvebs: `erTma gundma gamifuWa bileTi~,

`erTma gundma damirxia~, `erTma gundma gamisxa~

da a.S.

yovelive am gamonaTqvamSi igulisxmeba is, rom moTamaSis

mier Sedgenil bileTSi erT-erTi TamaSis Sedegi

misTvis ar iyo sasurveli, anu `im erTi~ TamaSis Sedegad

igi wagebuli darCa da axla isRa darCenia, rom Tavi Seacodos

kolegebs (moTamaSeebs) _ naxeT, ra miyo mavanma

gundma, me imis ...... da miayolebs ginebas.

marTlac gulsatkenia is faqti, roca, vTqvaT, bileTSi

aTi TamaSis Sedegs gamoicnob da meTerTmete ki `Cag-

Wris~.

aq, patara fsiqologiur momentTanac gvaqvs saqme, ker-

Zod _ Tu ori an sami TamaSis Sedegs ver gamoicnob, es

did tragediad ar geCveneba da arc aravis Seacodeb Tavs,

magram Tu erTi TamaSis Sedegi arasasurvelia, gangaSis

zarebs SemovkravT xolme.

mTavari ki is aris, rom moTamaSem waago totalizatoris

monstrTan da damerwmuneT, araviTari gansxvaveba

ar aris imaSi Tu ramdeni Sedegis vergamocnobiT waage _

erTis, oris Tu metis.

erT-erTi moTamaSe yoveldRiurad TamaSobda da ram-


vaxtang WankotaZe 21

denime bileTs avsebda. TiToeul bileTSi 8-12 TamaSze

hqonda dadebuli fsoni da meore dRes moTamaSeebs cxvirwin

ufrialebda bileTebs _ naxeT, xalxo, yvela bileT-

Si `erTma gundma gamisxa~, me imis kargio da mamapapuri

ginebiT iqaurobas iklebda. Semcodebeli aravin Canda, ise

ki sityvierad TanaugrZnobdnen da xumrobiTac ki eubnebodnen:

`Senc adeqi da im `erT gunds~ Seelie da masze

fsons nu dadebo~.

saqme ki imaSi gaxlavT, rom ramdeni TamaSiTac ar unda

Seamciro SerCeuli TamaSebis raodenoba, is `erTi gundi~

mainc arsebobs (erT anekdots SegaxsenebT. viRacam Ses-

Civla viRacas: `...kaco, ra vuyoT am qurdebs da yaCaRebs,

Semadgenlobidan bolo vagons xsnian da Zarcvaveno~. mere,

adges mTavroba da nuRar Caubams Semadgenlobas im bolo

vagonso _ upasuxa `aRmoCenis~ mignebiT kmayofilma mopasuxem.

asec rom moxdes, mere ra, im axal SemadgenlobaSi

aRar iqneba bolo vagoni?! _ gaikvirva saubris damwyebma).

Tumca, rac naklebia SerCeuli TamaSebis raodenoba, miT

ufro mcirdeba im `erTi gundis~ faqtoris gavlena da

Sesabamisad izrdeba mogebis Sansic.

aseTia albaTobis Teoriis principebi da moTamaSec unda

cdilobdes gaiTvaliswinos aRniSnuli garemoeba.

Tu irwmunebT, rom TamaSebis raodenobis Semcirebas

mivyavarT mogebis Sansis gazrdamde, maSin gagiadvildebaT

`erTi gundis~ faqtoris nawilobrivi ignorireba.

gavarCioT erTi konkretuli magaliTi. davuSvaT moTamaSes

aqvs gadawyvetili, rom moigos daaxloebiT aTi


22

rogor gavzardoT mogebis Sansi

lari. zogi am problemas gadawyvets oTxi, zogi xuTi,

zogi ki ufro meti TamaSis SerCeviT.

davuSvaT, moTamaSem SearCia 5 TamaSi, romelTa Sedegis

koeficientebia: 1,4; 1,4; 1,7; 1,7 da 1,95. am koeficientebis

erTmaneTze namravli tolia 11-is, anu Tu moTamaSe

dadebs erT lars da yvela Sedegi gaumarTlebs,

mogeba Seadgens 10 lars da mizanic miRweulia. magram

arsebobs `erTi gundis~ problema da misi zegavlenis

(anu misi faqtad dadgomis SesaZleblobis) Semcireba (da

ara sruli mousvleloba, ardadgoma) SeiZleba mxolod

da mxolod TamaSebis raodenobis SemcirebiT. magram ra

qnas moTamaSem, romelsac mtkiced aqvs gadawyvetili 10

laris mogeba?!

ra unda qnas da unda Seamcridos TamaSebis raodenoba

da vTqvaT, aiRos pirveli oTxi TamaSi (1,4; 1,4: 1,7 da

1,7). axla mas (moTamaSes) 10 laris mosagebad dasWirdeba

fsonis gazrda 2 larsa da 15 TeTramde. fsonis raodenoba

gaizarda, magram aseve gaizarda mogebis Sansic,

radgan Semcirda `erTi gundis~ dadgomis SesaZleblobis

albaToba.

mogebis gazrda SeiZleba Sesabamisi koeficientebis Ser-

CeviTac; anu aviRebT TamaSebis mcire raodenobas, oRond

didi koeficientebiT, magaliTad: Tu gvinda erTi lariT

movigoT sufTa 10 lari, SeiZleba SeirCes oTxi iseTi

TamaSi, romlebic mogcemen koeficientebis namravls 11-is

raodenobiT.

magaliTad: 1,8; 1,8; 1,8 da 1,9 _ maTi namravli gvaZlevs


vaxtang WankotaZe 23

11-s anu sufTa 10 laris mogebas.

1,8 da 1,9 miekuTvneba e.w.

`saxifaTo~ koeficientebis kategorias.

umjobesia patara koeficientze

`dayrdnoba~ (ndoba).

moTamaSe gasaWirSia: 10 laris

mogebis uzrunvelyofisaTvis aqvs

sami varianti:

1) Seamciros TamaSebis raodenoba

da gazardos fsoni;

2) SearCios didkoeficientebiani

TamaSebi fsonis SemcirebiT, magram am dros saqme

eqneba `saxifaTo~ koeficientebTan da aqedan gamomdinare

mogebis Sansis mosalodnel SemcirebasTan;

3) gazardos TamaSebis raodenoba mcire (ufro `naRdi~)

koeficientebiT, Tumca TamaSebis raodenobis zrdas

mivyavarT `erTi gundis~ faqtoris zrdasTan, anu mogebis

Sansis mosalodnel SemcirebsTan.

ismis SekiTxva: maS ra qnas, ra moimoqmedos moTamaSem

imisaTvis, rom gazardos mogebis Sansi?

Cveni azriT saWiroa TamaSebis raodenobis maqsimalurad

Semcireba da fsonis SesaZleblobis mixedviT gazrda.


24

rogor gavzardoT mogebis Sansi

cnobili karikaturistis

gigla fircxalavas

megobruli SarJebi.

nodar axalkaci kaxi asaTiani sergo kutivaZe

vladimer gucaevi daTo yifiani ramaz Sengelia


vaxtang WankotaZe 25

boris paiWaZe

firuz kanTelaZe SoTa xinCagaSvili

goCa maCaiZe vitali daraselia vaxtang qoriZe

manuCar maCaiZe daviT gogia Tamaz kostava


26

rogor gavzardoT mogebis Sansi

* * *

bajaRlo oqrobiWebo,

Cempionobas gilocavT

da gaisadac gisurvebT

aseT mSvenier Sinmosvlas!

daizepireT damarcvliT:

CvenTvis, axlandel droSia,

fexburTi marto TamaSi

da marto burTi rodia!..

ukve msoflios moedo

da aRar aris maluli,

rom sajarimo moednis

xelaa Tqveni mamuli!..

am moednisTvis ibrZoleT!

ajobeT Semtev grigalebs!

gamoiyeneT burTisa

da dedamiwis simrgvale!

ra vuyoT, zogi arbitri

Tu zogjer naRd gols ar giTvliT,

sul ase xom ar iqneba,

xom Seicvleba amindi!

qarTulad unda iquxoT,

qarTulad unda iWeqoT,

saqarTvelo dgas Tqvens ukan!

aba, Tqven iciT, biWebo!

zaur bolqvaZe


vaxtang WankotaZe 27

motivacia mniSvnelovani faqtoria,

magram ara sakmarisi

totalizatoris moTamaSeebisaTvis, vfiqrob, sasargeblo

unda iyos moTamaSe gundebis motivaciis arsebobis

gaTvaliswineba. TamaSi mosalodnel Sedegze, TiTqmis, gadamwyvet

rols TamaSobs motivacia, anu is Tu: aucileblad

sWirdeba mogeba; yofnis erTi qulac (fre); ar sWirdeba

aucilebeli mogeba da a.S.

arsebobs iseTi variantic, rodesac gunds ar sWirdeba

qulebi, magram stumrad samarcxvino wagebis Semdeg, surs

sakuTari mayureblis winaSe Tavis gamoCena, reabilitacia,

samagieros gadaxda da a.S. arian iseTi gundebic, romlebsac

erTmaneTis e.w. `zubi~ aqvT. aq ukve saturniro motivacia

gadadis ukana planze, radgan sWirdeba Tu ar sWirdeba

qulebi _ imarTeba samkvdro-sasicocxlo `brZola~.

asea, Tu ise, Tu moTamaSes surs mogebis Sansis gazrda,

aucileblad unda dauTmos gansakuTrebuli yuradReba motivaciis

faqtors, Tumca arc es iZleva asprocentiani

mogebis Sanss. saTaurSi aRvniSneT, rom motivaciis gaTvaliswineba

aucileblad migvaCnia, magram mogebis uzrunvelsayofad

_ arasakmarisad.

vTqvaT moTamaSe mivida daskvnamde, rom amaTuim gunds

aucileblad sWirdeba mogeba, anu aqvs Sesabamisi motivacia.

amis Semdeg dgeba SekiTxva _ moigebs ki?! aqvs mogebis

potencialuri SesaZlebloba?! es ukve TiToeuli moTamaSis

informaciulobis donesa da misi analitikuri azrovnebis,

Tu gnebavT, gamWriaxobis unarzea damokidebuli,

Tumca iRbalic TamaSobs garkveul rols.


28

rogor gavzardoT mogebis Sansi

sistemebi X-iT

sistemuri dakvirvebisa da ariTmetikis (maTematikis)

SedarebiT martivi elementebis codnis safuZvelze advilad

davaskvniT, rom amaTuim Sexvedris sami mosalodneli

Sedegidan (wageba, mogeba, fre) oris `xelSi daWera~

(oris Sen sasargeblod kontroli) sagrZnoblad zrdis

mogebis Sanss.

albaTobis Teoriis fuZemdebluri principebidan gamomdinare,

mosalodneli Sedegis sami variantidan (mogeba,

wageba, fre) erT-erTze aqcentis gakeTeba (erT-erTis Ser-

Ceva) niSnavs imas, rom Tqveni mogebis Sansi aris 33,33%,

anu garantirebuli mogebis mxolod mesamedi; 66,66%-Si

ki (or mesamedSi) Casafrebulia wageba. sxvanairad rom

vTqvaT _ sami variantidan igeb erTSi, xolo ageb orSi.

axla aviRoT SemTxveva, rodesac vTamaSobT e.w. daz-

RveviT, anu erTi variantis nacvlad fsons vdebT erTdroulad

or varianze: an 1X-ze, an X2-ze, an1/2-ze. am

SemTxvevaSi mogebis Sansi Seadgens 66,66%-s, xolo wageba

gvelodeba mxolod 33,33%-iT, rac gacilebiT ukeTesia,

vidre is SemTxveva, rodesac fsons vdebT erT romelime

mosalodnel Sedegze.

es Zalian kargad moexsenebaT totalizatoris `mamebs~

da amitomac aris, rom or Sedegze erTdroulad dadebuli

fsonis SemTxvevaSi Sesabamisi koeficienti (`kuSi~) gacilebiT

naklebia, vidre calkeulad aRebuli (fre, wageba,

mogeba) SedegisaTvis, Tumca mainc 1-ze meti (1,1-1,15-1,20-


vaxtang WankotaZe

29

1,25-1,30 da a.S.).

anu, erT SemTxvevaSi totalizatori

gaZlevs SesaZleblobas,

rom gazardo

mogebis Sansi 33,33%-dan

66,66%-mde, magram iqve

gimcirebs mosagebi Tanxis

moculobas, Tumca gitovebs

Sanss, rom moigo dadebul

fsonze meti.

ganvixiloT aseTi magali-

Ti. vTqvaT, rom maspinZels

mogebaze koeficientad aqvs

2, xolo 1X-ze _ 1,2 (fsonis

sidide 10 lari). Tu

SevCerdebiT mogebaze da bileTSi CavwerT 1-ans, maSin

33%-is (CamovaSoroT measedebi, msjelobis gamartivebis

mizniT) albaTobiT SeiZleba movigoT 10 lari Tavnis

gamoklebiT. xolo, Tu fsoni davdeT erTdroulad or

Sedegze anu 1X-ze, maSin ukve mogebis Sanss vzrdiT 66%mde,

anu 2 laramde.

anu, rogorc vxedavT, erT Sedegze Tu vakeTebT fsons,

SesaZloa (33%-is albaTobiT movigoT erTi-erTze (radgan

koeficienti iyo 2), xolo or Sedegze fsonis erTdroulad

dadebis SemTxvevaSi vigebT (66%-is albaTobiT) fsonis

me-5-s, anu 2 lars.

ismis SekiTxva _ romeli sjobia: 33%-is albaTobiT


30

rogor gavzardoT mogebis Sansi

moigo meti, Tu 66%-is albaTobiT

moigo naklebi.

damerwmuneT, rom pasuxis gacema

arc Tu ise advilia. yvelaferi

damokidebulia moTamaSis gemovnebaze,

azartis xarisxze, finansur

SesaZleblobaze da a.S.

pragmatuli (praqtikuli) mosazrebebidan

gamomdinare vfiqrob,

rom moTamaSem kursi unda aiRos

SedarebiT mcire mogebaze Sansis

66%-mde gazrdis SesaZleblobis gamoyenebiT, anu iTamaSos

X-is sistemiT an 1/2-is kategoriiT. yvela am Sem-

TxvevaSi koeficienti 1-ze metia, anu raRac mogebis Sansi

(66%-s albaTobiT) mainc arsebobs.

yvela damerwmuneba elementarul WeSmaritebaSi, rom

SedarebiT didi albaTobiT (66%) wagebas, gacilebiT

jobia SedarebiT didi albaTobiT (66%) mogeba, Tumca

ukanasknel SemTxvevaSi mogebuli Tanxa iqneba naklebi.

vZlevT ki sixarbes?! _ es ukve TiToeuli moTamaSis

gadasayveti gaxlavT.

aqve, kidev erTxel gavusvamT xazs isevdaisev banalur

WeSmaritebas, rom mainc nebismieri mogeba (rogori mcirec

ar unda iyos is) jobia wagebas.


vaxtang WankotaZe

`monusaois~ niuansebi

miuxedavad totalizatoris `drakonuli~ wesebisa da

kanonebisa, moTamaSeebs mainc sTavazoben mogebis Sansis

gazrdis raRac SesaZleblobebs (gvamarageben sainformacio

masalebiT, telemimoxilvebiT, gasuli sezonebisa da

wlebis statistikuri monacamebiT, yoveldRiuri TamaSebis

SedegebiT, gundebis `SidasamzareuloSi~ mimdinare mdgomareobis

Sesaxeb analiziT da a.S.).

am SemoTavazebaTa Soris (erT-erTze, kerZod X-ebiT

TamaSze Cven ukve visaubreT) mniSvnelovnad SeiZleba

CaiTvalos e.w. `minusaoi~ sistemiT TamaSi, rac iTvaliswinebs

mogebis Sansis gazrdis SesaZleblobas mosalodneli

Sedegis e.w. dazRveviT.

es sistema rTulia X-ebiT TamaSis sistemasTan SedarebiT,

magram, vfiqrob, rom qmnis mogebis gazrdis ufro

met Sanss, Tumca moiTxovs fsonebis mniSvnelovan gazrdasac.

sxvanairad rom vTqvaT, es sistema iZleva saSualebas,

moigo (bevri an cota) im SemTxvevaSic ki Tu SerCeuli

TamaSebis saerTo raodenobidan ar gaamarTla erTma, orma,

samma da a.S. Sedegmac ki.

#3 cxrilidan kargad Cans, Tu ramdeni varianti arsebobs

e.w. `minusaoi~ sistemaSi da romel SemTxvevaSi

(variantSi) SeiZleba mogebis Sansis gazrda. dasanania,

rom moTamaSeTa umravlesoba ar TamaSobs am sistemiT,

radgan am sistemaSi ufro metia arwagebis (Sesabamisad

mogebis) Sansi.

31


32

rogor gavzardoT mogebis Sansi

cxrili #3


vaxtang WankotaZe 33

imisaTvis, rom SedarebiT naTeli gaxdes am sistemiT

TamaSis niuansebi _ ukeTesi iqneba ganvixiloT konkretuli

magaliTebi.

msjelobisa da angariSis gamartivebis mizniT saTamaSo

koeficientad SevarCioT ricxvi `2~ (damerwmuneT, rom

sxva sididis koeficientebis, anu `kuSebis~ SemTxvevaSi

saerTo daksvnebi da Sedegebi iqneba analogiuri _ gansxvaveba

iqneba mxolod mogeba-wagebis absolutur sidide-

Si.

varianti (3-1)

anu virCevT sam TamaSs da Sesabamisi wesiT vavsebT

(vadgenT) baraTs (bileTs).

#3 cxrilis mixedviT fsonis minimaluri Tanxa aris

sami (an misi jeradi) lari. Tumca Tanamedrove kompiuteruli

programebi iZlevian nebismieri sididis fsonis

dadebis saSualebas da mogebis saboloo Sedegic mis

mixedviT iangariSeba. unda gvaxsovdes, rom TamaSSi `muSaobs~

dadebuli fsonis mxolod mesamedi anu Cven SemTxvevaSi

1 lari (Tu fsons davdebT 6 lars, imuSavebs 2

lari, 12 laris SemTxvevaSi _ 4 lari da a.S.).

Tu samive Sedegi gamovicaniT, maSin baraTi uzrunvelyofs,

am SemTxvevisaTvis, maqsimalur mogebas. raki `samuSaod~ avir-

CieT koeficienti `2~, maSin bileTi (baraTi) igebs:

(2X2)+(2X2)+(2X2)=12 lars


34

rogor gavzardoT mogebis Sansi

Tu Tavns gamovaklebT, maSin sufTa mogeba Seadgens 9

lars, anu dadebul fsonze samjer mets.

SerCeuli bileTi im SemTxvevaSic igebs, roca gamocnobilia

ori Sedegi, erTma ki ar gaamarTla.

Cvens mier pirobiTad SerCeuli koeficientis (2) Sem-

TxvevaSi bileTi (baraTi) igebs:

2X2=4 lars

anu Tavnis gamoklebiT sufTa mogeba Seadgens erT lars,

Tumca aq ukve drouli iqneba gavakeToT miniSneba koeficientebis

(kuSebis~) sidideze. ori Sedegis gamocnobis

dros bileTi iZleva sufTa mogebas (sxvadasxva odenobiT)

im SemTxvevaSi, Tu koeficientebis namravli metia samze.

Tu ori koeficientis namravli naklebia `3~-ze, maSin

bileTi marTalia igebs, magram igebs dadebul fsonze naklebs.

magaliTad, Tu koeficientebia 1,7 da 1,6 maSin bileTi

igebs 2,72 lars, anu dadebul fsonze naklebs, magram

sagulisxmoa is garemoeba, rom moTamaSe srulad ar aris

wagebuli da raRac Tanxas mainc ibrunebs.

varianti (3-1)+1

am SemTxvevaSic sami TamaSis Sedegi monawileobs, oRond

fsonis sidide ganisazRvreba 4 (an misi jeradi) lariT da

Sesabamisad izrdeba mosalodneli mogebis sididec.


vaxtang WankotaZe 35

Tu (3-1)-is SemTxvevaSi mogeba (roca samive Sedegia

gamocnobili) iangariSeba ase:

(2X2)+(2X2)+(2X2)=

(3-1)+1-is SemTxvevaSi mogeba iTvleba Semdegnairad:

(2X2)+(2X2)+(2X2)+(2X2X2)=

emateba e.w. `sruli~ (2X2X2).

aqve saWirod migvaCnia aRvniSnoT, rom (3-1)+1 sistemiT

TamaSis dros Tu mxolod ori Sedegia gamocnobili, ma-

Sin e.w. `sruli~ aRar emateba mogebas da iangariSeba ise,

rogorc (3-1)-is SemTxvevaSi. anu (3-1)+1 sistemiT TamaSi

mniSvnelovan efeqts iZleva samive Sedegis gamocnobis

dros.

axla vnaxoT, Tu ras iZleva (3-1)+1 sistema (isev vi-

RebT koeficientebad `2~-s).

vimeorebT _ fsonis sididea 4.

samive Sedegis gamocnobisas gveqneba:

(2X2)+(2X2)+(2X2)+(2X2X2)=20

ori Sedegis gamocnobisas ki gveqneba

2X2=4


36

rogor gavzardoT mogebis Sansi

anu miviRebT imas, rac davdeT fsonis saxiT, rac imas

niSnavs, rom ar wavageT, Tumca aqac didi mniSvneloba aqvs

SerCeuli koeficientebis sidideebs (SeiZleba wavagoT,

mxolod nawilobriv).

gTavazobT cxrils, romelic naTel warmodgenas qmnis

imis Sesaxeb, Tu romeli `minusaoi~ sistemiT jobia

TamaSi _ (3-1)-iT, Tu (3-1)+1-iT (koeficientebad viRebT

isev `2~-s).

cxrili #4

gamocnobili

Sedegebis

raodenoba

1) gamocnobilia 2

2) gamocnobilia 3

3) gamocnobilia 1

mogeba

(3-1)

fsoni 3

4

12

0

mogeba

(3-1)+1

fsoni 4

raRa Tqma unda, mogeba _ nawilobriv wagebis odenoba

damokidebulia koeficientebis (`kuSebis~) mniSvnelobaze

da isini unda SearCios moTamaSem, Tumca cxrilis mixedviT

Tu vimsjelebT, advilad davaskvniT, rom

a) Tu gamovicnobT or Sedegs, maSin jobia viTamaSoT

sistemiT (3-1);

b) Tu darwmunebuli varT, rom gamovicnobT samive

Sedegs, maSin jobia TamaSi (3-1)+1 sistemiT.

4

20

0


vaxtang WankotaZe

varianti (3-2)

cnobilia, rom aseTi sistemiT (aseve 4-3, 5-4, 6-5 da

a.S. sistemebiT) TamaSis dros koeficientebi ikribeba, gansxvavebiT

(3-1) an (4-2), (5-1) da a.S. sistemebisgan, sadac

koeficientebi mravldeba erTmaneTze da mere ikribeba.

zemoT Cven aRvniSneT, rom `2~-ze naklebi sidideebis

jami ufro metia amave sidideebis namravlze da es marTlac

asea. gamoviyenoT ricxvebis es Tviseba da kidev erTi

Sansi CavayenoT mogebis samsaxurSi.

`2~-ze nakleb koeficientad SevarCioT, magaliTad 1,5.

gamocnobili

Sedegebis raodenoba

1

2

3

(3-1)

Sedegi

0,00

2,25

6,75

cxrili #5

(3-2)

Sedegi

1,50

3.00

4.50

rogorc cxrilidan Cans 1,5 (`2~-ze naklebi) koeficientis

SerCevis or SemTxvevaSi upiratesoba eniWeba (3-2)

variants, xolo erT SemTxvevaSi (3-1) variants. Tum-

37


38

rogor gavzardoT mogebis Sansi

ca `2~-ze nakleb koeficientTa Soris moiZebneba iseTi

`kuSic~, roca suraTi icvleba, Tumca (3-2) variantis

nawilobrivi upiratesoba mainc ZalaSi rCeba.

avirCioT 1,2 koeficienti (`kuSi~).

gamocnobili

Sedegebis raodenoba

1

2

3

(3-1)

Sedegi

0,00

1,44

4,32

cxrili #6

(3-2)

Sedegi

1,20

2,40

3,60

rogorc vxedavT 1,2 koeficientis SerCevis SemTxveva-

Si (3-2) varianti inarCunebs upiratesobas or poziciaSi

_ roca gamovicnobT erT an or Sedegs. sami Sedegis gamocnobis

SemTxvevaSi ki upiratesoba eniWeba (3-1) variants,

iseve rogorc wina SemTxvevaSi.

asea Tu ise, yovel konkretul SemTxvevaSi (roca vTamaSobT

`2~-ze naklebi koeficientebiT da e.w. `minusaoi~

sistemiT), yvelaferi damokidebulia moTamaSis gemovnebaze.


vaxtang WankotaZe

variantebi (5-2) da (5-3)

aseTi variantebiT TamaSi SedarebiT rTulia, vidre (3-

1) an (3-1)+1, magram seriozulad izrdeba rogorc fsonis

odenoba, ise SedarebiT metis mogebis Sansic.

(5-2) da (5-3) variantebiT TamaSis dros fsonis raodenoba

erTidaigivea da udris 10-s.

cnobilia, rom (5-2) variantis SemTxvevaSi minimaluri mogebisaTvis

aucilebelia sami Sedegis gamocnoba mainc, maSin

roca (5-3) variantiT TamaSis dros sakmarisia 2 Sedegis gamocnoba

mainc, raTa moTamaSe ar darCes srulad wagebuli.

imis gasarkvevad, Tu romeli variantia umjobesi, moviyvanT

cxrils, saidanac kargad gamoCndeba maTi `minuspliusebi~.

angariSis gasaadvileblad koeficientad gamoviyenoT

isev `2~.

gamocnobili

Sedegebis raodenoba

1

2

3

4

5

(5-2)

Sedegi

0

0

8

32

80

cxrili #7

(5-3)

Sedegi

0

4

12

24

40

39


40

rogor gavzardoT mogebis Sansi

rogorc moyvanili cxrilidan Cans, orive variants

aqvs Tavisi naklic da upiratesobac. kerZod, ori da sami

Sedegis gamocnobis SemTxvevaSi upiratesoba aqvs (5-3)

variants, xolo oTxi da xuTi gamocnobili Sedegis Sem-

TxvevaSi sruli upiratesoba aqvs (5-2) variants. aqedan

gamomdinare, Tu myarad gjeraT, rom gamoicnobT samze met

Sedegs, bunebrivia Tqveni arCevani gaakeToT (5-2) variantze.

aRsaniSnavia, rom sxva koeficientebis SerCevis SemTxvevaSi

konkretuli cifrebi da ricxvebi Seicvleba, magram

am variantebisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli minus-pliusebi

ZalaSi rCeba.

rogorc zemoT aRvniSneT (cxrili #4), `minusaoi~

sistemas gaaCnia uamravi varianti, romelTa detaluri

garCeva zedmetad migvaCnia. ise ki vityviT, rom sxva yvela

danarCeni varianti bevri arafriT gansxvavdeba ukve

ganxiluli variantebisagan, Tumca sagrZnoblad izrdeba

fsonisa da wageba-mogebis Tanxebis odenoba.

Cven SevexeT yvelaze ufro popularul variantebs, danarCeni

ki warmoadgens TiToeuli moTamaSis tvinis Wyletis

sagans.

elementaruli daskvnis gakeTeba ki (am paragrafis

mixedviT) SeiZleba imasTan dakavSirebiT, rom e.w. `minusaoi~

sistemiT TamaSi ufro met Sanss iZleva mogebis (iseve,

rogroc X-ebiT TamaSi) misaRwevad, vidre e.w. `gadabmuli~

sistemiT TamaSi.


vaxtang WankotaZe

e. w. `piramida~

wina paragrafebSi mokled aRvniSneT adamianis erT

sisusteze, rasac sixarbe hqvia. gvinda, rom rac SeiZleba

bevri movigoT da zogjer, saamisod, yovladgaumarTlebel

riskze mivdivarT.

erT-erTi aseTi sarisko variantad migvaCnia e.w. `piramidis~

sistemiT TamaSi, anu rodesac erT romelime

gunds `misdev~ manamde, sanam ar iTamaSebs fred, romel

Sedegsac yovelTvis aqvs didi koeficienti (`kuSi~).

yovel axal turSi (fres molodinSi) giwevs fsonis

gaormageba (minimum). Zneli warmosadgeni sulac ar aris,

Tu ra raodenibis fsonis dadebamde unda mivides moTamaSe,

Tu arCeulma gundma 10-15 turis ganmavlobaSi ar

iTamaSa fred.

aravis vusurvebT am sistemiT TamaSs. Tumca arian adamianebi,

romlebsac bevri e.w. Tavisufali fuli aqvT da

Tavs uflebas SeiZleba aZlevdnen amgvari `garTobis~.

azartic albaT garkveul sazRvrebSi SeiZleba iyos

met-naklebad gamarTlebuli, radgan azartis gareSe arsebobasac

gahkravs uferuli elferi.

41


42

rogor gavzardoT mogebis Sansi

daskvnebi, rekomendaciebi,

mosazrebebi

1 iTamaSe e.w. `Tavisufali TanxiT~, romlis dakargvac

mniSvnelovnad ar daazaralebs ojaxis biujets;

2. patara TanxiT (fsoniT) didi Tanxis mogeba

praqtikulad Zalian Znelia. ufro advilia SedarebiT

didi TanxiT, SedarebiT patara Tanxis

mogeba;

3. rac ufro meti raodenobis TamaSebs mouyri Tavs

erT baraTSi (bileTSi), miT ufro naklebia mogebis

Sansi da piriqiT;

4. mravalnair ZalianZnelad gamosacnob Sedegs Soris

SedarebiT naklebadZneli gamosacnobia erT-erTi

gundis mogeba;

5. sZlie Sen TavSi ucbad, erTi xelis dakvriT didi

mogebis macdunebel survils, anu sixarbes;

6. mogebis SemTxvevaSi ucbaTve nu gavardebi da nu daetakebi

totalizators axali aucilebeli `gamar-

Tlebis~ molodiniT;

7 ar gamoiyeno sxvadasxva baraTSi erTidaigive Tama-

Sis mosalodneli Sedegi;

8. kargad unda gaxsovdes, rom `wageba da mogeba Zmebia

arian~ da erTma an Tundac orma-samma wagebam

ar unda migiyvanos sasowarkveTamde;


vaxtang WankotaZe 43

9. igebs is (umetes SemTxvevaSi), vinc gasarTobad TamaSobs;

10. wagebuli iyo, aris da iqneba is, vinc totalizatorSi

eZebs gamdidrebis wyaros;

11. erTjeradi didi mogebis molodinSi yoveldRiur

wagebas gacilebiT jobia yoveldRiuri mcire mogebis

mcdeloba;

12. mogebis Sansis gasazrdelad sasurvelia baraTSi

TamaSebis raodenobis maqsimalurad Semcireba da

fsonis SeZlebisdagvarad gazrda;

13. sasurvelia `daspecialistde~ 4-5 qveynis safexburTo

`industriaSi~, rac dagexmareba mosalodneli

Sedegebis amocnobis SesaZleblobis gazrdaSi;

14. patara koeficientebis kombinaciiT (e.w. `blokebi~)

didi ricxvebis miRebis mcdeloba iwvevs SerCeuli

TamaSebis raodenobis zrdas, rac Tavis mxriv amcirebs

mogebis Sanss;

15. SeimuSave Seni `sakuTari `stili~, `meTodi~ da

iyavi misi erTguli. Tu ki viRacam moigo raRaca

meTodiT, im wuTSive nu mibaZav mas da nu Seecdebi

`kopirebas~;

16. mosalodneli e.w. alogikuri Sedegi, xSirad SeniRbulia

koeficientebis (`kuSebis~) saSualebiT;

17. mogebis Sansis gasazrdelad sasurvelia moTamaSem

airCios X-ebiTa da e.w. `minusaoiT~ TamaSis variantebi,

rac garkveulwilad anxorcielebs garkveuli

dazRvevis funqcias;


44

rogor gavzardoT mogebis Sansi

18. mogebis saqmeSi dadebiTi rolis TamaSi SeuZlia

momdevno dRis romelime TamaSis Sedegis gamomxatvel

SedarebiT dabal koeficients (1,2-1,3-1,35),

romlis sapirispiro koeficientis mniSvneloba

iqneba didi da misi dazRvevis mizniT gamoyeneba

mogvcems varirebis saSualebas;

19. gaxsovdes, rom motivacia did gavlenas axdens mosalodnel

TamaSis Sedegze;

20. nu dagaviwydeba, rom asprocentiani mogebis recepti

(panacea) ar arsebobs _ mogebis gazrdis Sansi

ki uamravia;

21. SeecadeT aqcenti gaakeToT maspinZel gundze.

gaxsovdeT, rom Sexvedrebis daaxloebiT samocdaa-

Ti procenti mTavrdeba maTTvis sasurveli SedegiT.

dabolos, mkiTxveli albaT ityvis _ am patara wignSi

rac weria, es xom mec kargad vicodio.

geTanxmebiT, rom kargad iciT, magram samwuxaroa da

dasanani, rom ucbad da didi mogebis survili xSirad

gvaviwyebs praqtikiT dadasturebul elementarul WeSmaritebebs.

mTavari ki mainc is aris, rom TamaSi yvelas SeuZlia,

sixarbis Zleva ki mxolod erTeulebs.

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