Protected Areas Master List - NRE

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Protected Areas Master List - NRE

My BioD 2012ProtectedAreas MasterListRoyale Chulan Hotel19 December 2012Surin SuksuwanSiti Zuraidah Abidin


1Methodology


Methodology• Review of existing literature providing lists of protected areas in Malaysia.• Circulation of datasheets for completion by protected area managementauthorities.• A specific search for the original State and Federal Gazette notifications forkey areas (including 36 areas listed by DWNP-DANCED 1996).• A specific search for all state Gazette notifications under the NationalForestry Act 1984 (1984-May 2012) and incomplete search of state Gazettenotifications under state forestry enactment before 1984.• A general review of State Gazette notifications from 1984 to May 2012.• Consultation with selected stakeholders on areas to be listed, assigningIUCN category, etc.• Procurement of available gazette/certified plans (maps), followed byscanning, digitising, and GIS analysis.


1. Name of protected area: Pulau AurExample of a data sheet2. Date gazetted: 22 August 1994 (PU(A) 401/94)3. Size of protected area (ha): 9, 745 ha4. Location (district state): Mersing5. Map reference: PW 2296. Management authority: Department of Marine Park Malaysia (DMPM)7. Specific management objective(s):i. Afford special protection to the aquatic flora and fauna of such area or part thereof andto protect, preserve and manage the natural breeding grounds and habitat of aquatic life,with particular regard to species of rare or endangered flora and faunaii. Allow for the natural regeneration of aquatic life in such area or part thereof where suchlife has been depletediii. Promote scientific study and research in respect of such area or part thereofiv. Preserve and enhance the pristine state and productivity of such area or part thereofv. Regulate recreational and other activities in such area or part thereof to avoid irreversibledamage to its environment8. Habitat types occurring in the PA (rank 1,2,3 according to area coverage)The Marine Environment Rank % CoverageCoral Reef 1 9.4*Sea grass bedsMudflatRocky shores 2 n/aSoft bottom habitatsOpen sea* Reference: Coral Cay Conservation, 2003. Status Report on the Coral Reefs of the East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia 2000.Kuala Lumpur: Department of Fisheries Malaysian/an/an/an/a


Summary of workshops, meetings & correspondencePenang State FD– 21/11/08MeetingsWorkshop:• April 2008• August 2008• October 2009Pahang State FD– 10/11/08Selangor State FD– 5/12/08DWNP – 6/2/09NS State FD –30/10/08 &14/09/09Terengganu StateFD – 11/12/08Melaka State FD– 30/10/08Correspondence:• Kedah State FD: Dec 2008• Sarawak Forestry: Oct 2009• MIMA: Apr 2009• Marine Parks: Apr 2009• DWNP: Jul-Sept 2009• FDPM: Sept 2009• Perak State FD: Dec 2009, March2010• Pahang State FD: Dec 2009, March2010Johor State FD - 21/01/09JNPC, State FD & DWNP - 20/06/11


Consensus• IUCN definition of protected areas are accepted.• Local classifications and terminologies for PAs retained but aligned to IUCN PAcategories.• Only gazetted PAs are included(areas under administrative orders andproposed PAs excluded).• Only areas with management objectivesrelated to biodiversity conservation areincluded (excluded areas include areasset aside for recreation and tourism).National Forestry Act(functional classes)Soil Protection ForestSoil Reclamation ForestWater Catchment ForestSanctuary for WildlifeVirgin Jungle ReserveAmenity ForestEducation ForestResearch ForestIUCNCategoriesI(b)IVVIIVI(a)VVI(a)


Spatial Data ConversionGazette Plan/Certified PlanCoastalChartScanGeo-referenceDigitiseSupporting Document:-•Topographical Map•Standard Sheet•Certified Plan•Forest Reserve boundary•Gazette notification (fordescriptive protected areaboundary)Shapefiles ofProtected Areas


Legislative categories of PAsIn general, PAs in Malaysia can be grouped according to the laws used for theirestablishment:• National parks and state parks under the park laws• Sanctuaries or reserves under the wildlife laws• Protection forests under the forestry laws• Marine parks and fisheries prohibited areas under the National Fisheries Act 1985• Areas reserved for a public purpose under the land laws


Data organisationAnnex I. Provisional Master List of Protected Areas in Malaysia


Post workshop (October 2009)After the last workshop, there were still substantial number of PAs without shapefile and effortswere made to obtain the relevant gazette plans or if not, to reconstruct the boundary.The areas are as listed below:Pulau Sibu Hujung Marine parkAlor Gajah Wildlife ReservePulau Besar Fisheries Prohibited AreasTanjung Tuan Fisheries Prohibited AreaGallah Water Catchment ForestPelangai Water Catchment ForestPort Dickson Island Bird SanctuarySepang Educational ForestSerting Water Catchment ForestSungai Menyala Educational ForestTanjung Tuan 1 Fisheries Prohibited AreasTanjung Tuan 2 Fisheries Prohibited AreasBukit Tinggi Water Catchment ForestGunong Tahan Wildlife ReserveKuala Pahang Wildlife ReserveRemeh Chereh Soil Protection ForestBerkelah Soil Protection ForestSungai Wi Water Catchment ForestSegari Turtle Hatching CentreTaman Alam Kuala Selangor Nature ParkBesul Water Catchment ForestBukit Bauk Water Catchment ForestBukit Kesing Water Catchment ForestBukit Palong Tuntung ReserveGunong Tebu Water Catchment ForestHulu Nerus Water Catchment ForestHulu Terengganu Water Catchment ForestJambu Bongkok Water Catchment ForestJengai Water Catchment ForestJerangau Water Catchment ForestMekelok Water Catchment ForestPasir Raja Water Catchment ForestPelagat Water Catchment ForestRasau Kertih Water Catchment ForestTasik Kenyir Water Catchment ForestPulau Pinang Marine ParkPulau Yu Besar Marine ParkPulau Yu Kecil Marine ParkRantau Abang Fisheries Prohibited Area


Method 1: Reconstructing the PA boundary• Relevant for areas without gazette plans• Areas include:a. Fisheries Prohibited Areas- Tanjung Tuan 1, Tanjung Tuan 2 (Negeri Sembilan)- Tanjung Tuan, Pulau Besar (Melaka)- Rantau Abang (Terengganu)b. Pahang Tua Wildlife Reservec. Kuala Pahang Wildlife Reserved. Kuala Selangor Hill Wildlife Reservee. Fraser’s Hill Wildlife Reserve (Selangor)


Legend:Pahang Tua Wildlife Reserve


Legend:Kuala Pahang Wildlife Reserve


Method 2: Digitized certified plans for resurveyed areas• Discrepancies in size for areas such as Tanjung Tuan Wildlife Reserve and Bukit KutuWildlife Reserve have been resolved through the certified plans available for theseresurveyed areas.• However, there are also areas that have been resurveyed in stages and therefore, a closedpolygon is not yet available (e.g. Tasik Bera Ramsar Site, Krau).


Bukit Kutu Wildlife Reserve


Tanjung Tuan Wildlife Reserve


Method 3: Digitized coastal charts• Overlapping areas between islands in groups of marine parks has been resolved by digitizing thecoastal charts which mark the boundary for the groups of marine parks. Also, marine parks inLabuan were only available in the updated edition of the sea charts.1. Wilayah Persekutuan Labuan• Pulau Kuraman, Pulau Rusukan Besar dan Pulau Rusukan Kecil – 9,288.3ha2. Johor• Pulau Hujung, Pulau Besar, Pulau Rawa, Pulau Tengah, Pulau Harimau, Pulau Gaol and PulauMensirip – 19,557.4ha• Pulau Tinggi, Pulau Mentinggi, Pulau Sibu, Pulau Sibu Hujung – 22,586.8ha• Pulau Pemanggil – 9,607.4ha• Pulau Aur – 10,118.2ha3. Kedah• Pulau Payar, Pulau Kaca, Pulau Lembu – 6,373.11ha• Pulau Segantang – 4,287.1ha


4. Pahang• Pulau Tioman, Pulau Tulai, Pulau Sepoi, Pulau Labas, Pulau Gut, Pulau Chebeh – 40,235.9ha• Pulau Tokong Bahara – 5,739.9ha• Pulau Seri Buat, Pulau Sembilang – 9,825.0ha5. Terengganu• Pulau Redang, Pulau Ekor Tebu, Pulau Limau, Pulau Pinang – 16,327.7ha• Pulau Lang Tengah – 6,157.9ha• Pulau Perhentian Besar, Pulau Perhentian Kecil, Pulau Susu Dara – 17,578.2ha• Pulau Tenggol, Pulau Nyirih – 9,900.6ha• Pulau Kapas – 2,397.9ha• Pulau Yu Besar, Pulau Yu Kecil – 6,346.5ha


Newly gazetted protected areas• Between November 2008 to May 2012, 22 new protected areas have been gazetted totaling toa size 38,005.1ha and it is unknown is there is any overlaps• The areas are as follows:Selangor1. Ayer Hitam Education Forest and Research Forest, G.N. 494-20092. Gading Water Catchment Forest, G.N. 2543-20093. Templer (State Park), G.N. 566-20104. Kota Damansara Amenity Forest, Education Forest, Research Forest, G.N. 402-20105. Ulu Gombak (Extension) (State Park), G.N. 403-20106. Ulu Gombak (Extension 1) (State Park), G.N. 404-2010Johor7. Seluyut Water Catchment Forest, G.N. 12045-2009Kedah8. Pulau Singa Besar (Sea Cucumber Protection Area), P.U. (A) 291/2010


Perak9. Pulau Sembilan State Park, G.N. 1887-2010Pahang10. Gunung Benum Amenity Forest11. Terenggun Amenity Forest12. Chini Amenity Forest13. Som FR and Jerantut (Addition) Amenity Forest14.Yong Amenity Forest15. Berkelah Amenity Forest16. Beserah Amenity Forest17. Menchali Amenity Forest18. Bertam Amenity Forest19. Jengka Amenity Forest20. Tekai Tembeling Amenity Forest21. Bukit Taching & Ulu Dong Amenity Forest(Note: all area above were gazetted under G.N. 125-2010)22. Sungai Ketir Water Catchment Forest, G.N. 648-2009


Pulau Sembilan State Park


Pulau Singa Besar (Sea Cucumber Protection Area)


2Results


Overall protected area coverage (terrestrial)Size (ha) Size PA (ha) Percentage (%)Peninsular Malaysia* 13,189,061 1,801,792 13.7Sabah 7,362,010 1,179,327 16.0Sarawak 12,444,951 529,120 4.3Malaysia 32,996,022 3,510,239 10.6*Inclusive of FT LabuanOverall protected area coverage (marine)Size EEZ (ha) Size PA (ha) Percentage (%)Peninsular Malaysia 29,880,000 245,042 0.8Sabah* 9,000,000 111,270 1.2Sarawak 16,000,000 217,220 1.4Malaysia 54,880,000 573,532 1.1*Inclusive of FT Labuan


Distribution of PAs in Peninsular Malaysia(terrestrial & marine)


Distribution of protected areas based on national categories2,000,000.01,800,000.01,600,000.0Size (hectare)1,400,000.01,200,000.01,000,000.0800,000.0NoteNP.SP.NR - National Park, StatePark, Nature ReserveWR.BS - Wildlife Reserve, BirdSanctuaryP-FR - Protection Forest ReserveMP - Marine ParksTS.FPA.SCPZ - Turtle Sanctuary,Fisheries Prohibited Areas, SeaCucumber Protection Zone600,000.0400,000.0200,000.00.0NP.SP.NR WR.BS P-FR MP TS.FPA.SCPZNational CategoriesPeninsular Malaysia Sabah Sarawak


Distribution of PAs in Peninsular Malaysia(national categories)


Distribution of PAs in Peninsular Malaysia(IUCN categories)


3Next Step


Immediate next steps1. Final review and endorsement of the report2. Printing and distribution of the report


Recommendations for further action1. Mapping of Sabah and Sarawak protected areas2. Deciding on the custodian of the Master List – hosting, maintaining & updating ofthe protected areas database; resolving outstanding issues etc.Recommendations from workshop participants: NRE as the custodian withregional focal points (DWNP, Sabah Parks, Sarawak Forestry Corporation)3. Establishing registration system for recording new protected areas and changes toexisting protected areas (including adoption of a uniform data sheet, access to andavailability of information, operational costs, and field verification of protectedareas)Recommendations from workshop participants: Real time updates but periodicreviews of the database (every 3-5 years)


Recommendations for further action4. Information on PA should be communicated by NRE to IUCN WCPA for inclusioninto the World Database on Protected Areas5. Achieving the Aichi Target Lobbying for the gazettement of proposed protected areas Identifying threatened ecosystems and its protected area coverage


Proposed protected areas1. Proposed state parks in the ECER (369,053ha)• Terengganu Hills State Park (40,360ha), Kenyir State Park (196,400ha), Setiu StatePark (7,252ha), Nenggiri State Park (103,881ha), Chior State Park (21,160ha)2. Proposed state parks in Kedah (64,995ha)• Ulu Muda Forest Reserve (27,196ha), Bujang Valley (11,636ha), Langkawi(26,163ha)3. Unprotected areas 1,000m and above for Peninsular Malaysia (291,105.1ha)4. Sabah• Protection forest reserve• Proposed Tun Mustapha Park (1.02 million ha)5. Proposed TPA in Sarawak (Gazetted proposed TPAs and proposed TPAs)• Terrestrial (1,075,029ha)• Marine (27,783ha)


Potential PA coverageTerrestrial MarineExisting Protected Areas:a. Total size (ha) 3,510,239 573,532b. Percentage of total size 10.64% 1.05%Proposed Protected Areas:c. Total size (ha) 1,800,182* 1,047,783**Potential Protected Area coverage:d. Total size (ha) [a+c] 5,310,421 1,621,315e. Percentage of total size 16.09% 2.95%*Not including Sabah protected forest reserve**Assumes that all areas within the proposed Tun Mustapha Park are marine area


Conclusion1. Protected areas are a key strategy in conserving biodiversity.2. As a signatory of the CBD, Malaysia has an obligation to contribute to globaltargets for protected areas.3. The national protected area system should have adequate representation ofdifferent ecosystem types (currently some ecosystems are under-represented).4. Protected areas should be integrated into the wider landscape and seascape –land use planning at all levels (National, State & Local) should incorporateprotected areas.5. Protected areas should be incorporated into cross-sectoral policies anddevelopment programmes, e.g. National Agricultural Policy, National ForestryPolicy, National Timber Industry Policy.


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