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Capturing the Zeitgeist Native German Loanwords in ... - Skemman

Capturing the Zeitgeist Native German Loanwords in ... - Skemman

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46 Þorsteinn Hjaltason 190. hornblende n Amphibole. Mineral. 10 6 4 191. horst n A block of the earth's surface which has been raised relative to the surrounding land and is bounded by faults on some or all sides. Geol. 2 1 4 192. hummel n A drone. Zool. 1 2 2 193. Innigkeit n Sincerity and warmth. Music 0 2 3 194. jaeger / jager /yager / jäger n Hunter. Mil. 29 17 4 195. Judenrat n A council representing a Jewish community in a locality controlled by the Germans during the war of 1939–45. Politics 0 6 3 196. judenrein n Of a society or organization: without Jewish members, out of which Jews have been expelled. Politics 1 6 3 197. Jugendstil n The German equivalent of art nouveau. Art, Archit. 3 15 3 198. Junggrammatiker n A name given to members of a late 19thcentury school of historical linguists who held that phonetic changes (sound laws) operated without exceptions. Ling. 1 0 3 199. Junker n A young German noble; as a term of reproach, a narrow-minded, overbearing (younger) member of the aristocracy of Prussia, etc. Politics 91 26 4 200. kafer n Chafer, a beetle. Zool. 0 1 2 201. kaffeeklatsch n Gossip over coffee. Miscellany 0 12 4 202. kaiser n The ruler of Germany, 1871-1918. Politics 143 367 4 203. kaiserin n The wife of the German Kaiser. Politics 1 6 4 204. Kapellmeister / capellmeister n Bandmaster. Music 29 7 4 205. karren n The furrows, fissures, or grikes of a limestone surface. Geol. 7 0 3 206. katzenjammer n A hangover, or a symptom of one. Miscellany 0 16 4 207. kegler n A participant in a bowling game. Sports 0 1 4 208. kegling n Bowling. Sports 0 1 3

47 Þorsteinn Hjaltason 209. kern n Nucleus. Metor. 0 1 3 210. keuper n The name given in Germany, and thence by English geologists, to the upper member of the Triassic system (OED). Geol. 6 0 3 211. kibble n A hoisting bucket used in mining. Mining 28 3 3 212. kieselguhr / kieselgur n Diotomaceous earth. Geol. 0 3 4 213. kindergarten n Ed. 99 3932 4 214. kindergartner n Ed. 0 344 4 215. kirsch(wasser) n A dry, colourless brandy made from black cherries. Beverages 28 18 4 216. kish / keesh n An impure graphite that separates on slow cooling of molten cast iron. Metall. 1 2 3 217. kitsch n Art, Lit. 89 477 4 218. klangfarbe n Music quality of a note. Music 1 0 2 219. klatsch / klatch n A coffee party. Beverages 3 53 4 220. kleindeutsch n Referring to or favouring a United Germany, excluding Austria. Politics 1 2 2 221. kloster n A convent or monastery in Germany. Theol. 24 15 3 222. knackwurst / n A type of German Food 3 23 4 knockwurst sausage. 223. Kneipe / Knipe / n A convivial meeting of Miscellany 0 8 3 Kneip German university students (and the like) at a tavern or restaurant. 224. kobold n A goblin. Myth. 15 5 4 225. kraft (paper) n A tough brown wrapping paper or board. Industry 2 50 4 226. krapfen n A Bismarck, fritter. Food 0 1 3 227. krausen v To add newly fermenting wort to beer to effect natural carbonation. Beverages 0 1 3 228. kraut n short. of Sauerkraut Food 0 13 4 229. Kraut n derogatory about Germans. Mil. 17 110 4 230. kreis n A unit of G. local government. Politics 1 2 3 231. kreutzer / kreuzer n A small coin formerly current in parts of Germany and in Austria. Currency 0 2 4 232. Krieg n War. Mil. 0 2 2 233. kriegsspiel n War game, a form of chess. Mil. 0 1 3 234. Kristallnacht n The night of the pogrom against the Jews of Germany on Nov. 9, 1938. Politics 16 71 1