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DESIGNING TERRITORIAL METABOLISM

978-3-86859-489-8 https://www.jovis.de/de/buecher/product/designing_territorial_metabolism.html

207 ENERGY OPPORTUNITIES

207 ENERGY OPPORTUNITIES IN POST-OIL SCENARIOS IN TARRAGONA PORT Nils Fischer and Lars Wüstemann (Heating and Cooling District) / Asier Ovejas (Coldport) Studio Carles Crosas and Jorge Perea (ETSAB) The urban area Tarragona-Reus is an emerging small metropolis one hundred kilometers outside of Barcelona, with remarkable economic and urban attributes. One rather exceptional characteristic of the area is the accumulation of large elements of infrastructure: one of the five most important ports in Spain, a high-speed train connection, the third Catalan airport, and the highways of the Mediterranean Corridor that cross the area. The territory is further characterized by a double bipolarization: two towns—Tarragona and Reus—with more than 100,000 inhabitants spread over a traditional network of smaller settlements; and two major distinct economies—the petrochemical industry and tourism—overlapping on a historically agriculture-based economy. The mixture of all these elements creates very special conditions for a an unconventional urbanity. The nature of this metropolitan territory offers an enormous scope of opportunity from the perspective of urban metabolism. Flows of energy and goods around the port, specialized industry, and logistics areas invite us to understand current dynamics and explore new options for making the systems more efficient. In spite of the fact that the petrochemical industry is the most characteristic activity in the area, there is also a wide range of uses from automotive logistics to agro-foodtransportation, industrial material processing, logistics, etc. Nowadays, the port authorities intend to achieve a greater economic diversification in the years to come, as they are conscious of the unknowns that come with post-oil scenarios. At this point, an updated reflection on the economy of the port and the petrochemical area should also be linked to social and geographical issues, in order to improve interaction between the city and the territory. Regarding the infrastructure, the more connected the port and city become, the more likely it will be possible to achieve a situation in which both city and port can benefit from each other to a greater extent. Furthermore, the Francolí River—which touches the historical city of Tarragona, with the port placed just in the mouth of the river—will also be one of the main actors on this new stage. The river, with its typical Mediterranean torrential water flow, has historically acted as a border between the central residential city and a peripheral area for industrial and logistic uses. As a city with dynamic growth, it’s time for Tarragona to reimagine how to sew the city around the river and to explore new programs to take advantage of this excellently located area with strong national and international connections.