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environment and other

environment and other people. This low level of reinforcement results in pessimistic thinking and emotional outbursts. In this way, people may learn to act in a self-defeating manner that prevents them from getting positive reinforcement. Behaviour change is based on extinguishing "bad" habits or responses, learning new behaviours and desensitising peoples' fear of specific behaviours or situations. Chapter 15: Test your knowledge Instructions: We have worked through the chapter and now we will test how much you understand from the content. Please test your knowledge on Chapter 15 by: • Completing the MCQs in your prescribed book • Completing the self-assessment on myUnisa for Chapter 15 - feedback on submission • Completing the additional exercises in Additional Resources on myUnisa on Chapter 15 • The feedback for the additional resources will be added once we start with exam revision Please note: These activities are for your own assessment; no formal marks will be awarded. 8 Week 5: Work through Chapter 16 Instructions: Work through Chapter 16 in prescribed book and complete the MCQs. After this, complete the Self-assessments and Additional Resources on myUnisa for Chapter 16. Discuss any content issues on the Discussion Forum. 28

IOP1601/001 Chapter 16: Learning outcomes Instructions: After studying this chapter you should be able to: • define the concept of a trait and cite examples of traits • use a definition to explain the assumptions of the trait approaches • describe personality structure by using concepts from one or more trait approaches • list personality traits and fit them into a model of personality traits • identify traits in people and classify them as different types of traits • explain someone's motivation by using different trait concepts • explain personality development using the trait concept • give evidence of why traits are believed to be consistent in people, across time and in situations • explain psychological adjustment according to trait approaches • demonstrate the trait concept's utility in human-resources practices. Chapter 16: Key Concepts Instructions: You need to understand these key terms for Chapter 16. Please allow pop-ups to see the PDF. Chapter 16 KEY CONCEPTS.pdf (available online) Chapter 16: Introduction Instructions: This chapter concentrates on the description and assessment of personality by means of traits, which refer to certain attributes and associated behaviour in people. 29