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• discuss the

• discuss the construct “well-being” as applied in general and in the work context • discuss the construct “positive emotions” as applied in general and in the work context • demonstrate an understanding of salutogenesis and fortigenesis • explain the study field of positive psychology • give a historical overview of the development of positive psychology • critically discuss the assumptions underpinning positive psychology • identify and discuss constructs that conceptualise subjective well-being and positive emotions in positive psychology • critically analyse the implications of positive psychology for diagnosis and interventions in the work context. Chapter 19: Key concepts Instructions: Study the attached document which will enable you to understand they key concepts of this chapter. Chapter 19 KEY CONCEPTS.Pdf (Available online) Chapter 19: Introduction Instructions: This chapter deals with theory and concepts that denote the positive aspects of people's well-being and adjustment to achieve optimal functioning in all spheres of life. In the past many psychological theories and models focused on understanding and explaining the reasons why people develop abnormal behaviour or are maladjusted in the work context. This chapter, however, focuses on well-being or wellness and includes the theory and concepts that explain the positive aspects of well-being and adjustment. Chapter 19: Pathogenic and well-being orientations 52

IOP1601/001 Well-being and health refer to the actual physical health of individuals as well as the mental, psychological or emotional health of individuals under the impact of societal factors. As psychologists we are concerned with developing the wellness of individuals, the goal being the facilitation of optimal health. Optimal health can be defined as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. This implies that our task is not done when we have “treated” individuals and they have successfully worked through their problems. We need to continue our work and assist individuals to reach the highest possible level of functioning. You have already studied a number of psychological perspectives, including psychodynamics, behaviourism, humanism, etc. Health or well-being is presented from a positive psychological perspective in this chapter, which includes salutogenesis and psychofortology. Chapter 19: Conceptualisation of health and well-being Instructions: What are we talking about when we refer to "well-being" and "health'? According to Danna and Griffin (1999), “well-being” and “health” refer to the actual physical health of individuals, as well as to the mental, psychological or emotional health of individuals, as affected by societal factors. They do not simply imply the absence of disease but rather imply optimal health, a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being within all spheres of life. Subjective well-being As a starting point, psychological wellness can be studied with reference to different elements which can be classified into two broad categories: emotional well-being or positive psychological and social functioning. The role of positive emotions in subjective well-being Research has confirmed the role of positive emotions in the experience of subjective psychological wellbeing. Frederickson describes positive emotion as a brief positive reaction to some event that is personally meaningful. Positive emotions include emotions such as feelings of well-being, happiness, joy, interest, contentment and love. The Broad-and-Build Theory 53