CosBeauty Magazine #85

CosBeauty is the #BeautyAddict's guide to lifestyle, health and beauty in Australia. In this issue: - The Breast Report - your guide to augmentation - Put an end to bad hair days - 24 hour makeup, products that last - Sex appeal - do you have it?

CosBeauty is the #BeautyAddict's guide to lifestyle, health and beauty in Australia.
In this issue:
- The Breast Report - your guide to augmentation
- Put an end to bad hair days
- 24 hour makeup, products that last
- Sex appeal - do you have it?


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ISSUE 85 AUG-OCT 2019<br />

24 hour<br />

makeup<br />



sex<br />

appeal<br />

DO YOU<br />

HAVE IT?<br />

put an<br />

end to<br />

bad hair<br />

days<br />

9 771833 383011<br />

ISSN 1834-383X<br />

04<br />

the<br />

breast<br />

report<br />







Our breakthrough molecule, retinyl retinoate,<br />

EXPERIENCE is now available THE in PINNACLE NEW r-Retinoate OF VITAMIN Day & Night A TECHNOLOGY<br />

Eye Serum.<br />

Discover now at medik8.com.au<br />

Our breakthrough molecule, retinyl retinoate,<br />

1800 242 011 #BEYONDRETINOL @medik8australia<br />

is now available in NEW r-Retinoate Day & Night Eye Serum.

&<br />

Radiate<br />

beauty<br />

confidence<br />

Using the latest technologies, our team of experts<br />

is committed to help you achieve natural-looking<br />

results in a relaxed and friendly setting.<br />

Come in and experience the Skin Renu difference.<br />

Our comprehensive treatment menu includes:<br />

world-class wrinkle reduction and<br />

lip enhancement<br />

laser skin rejuvenation<br />

CoolSculpting non-surgical fat reduction<br />

Thermage non-surgical face lifting<br />

medical peels<br />

clinic-only premium skincare<br />

Call us to book a complimentary consultation<br />

02 9555 9506<br />

www.skinrenu.com.au<br />

16B Beattie St, Balmain, Sydney

Specialised<br />

Depigmentation<br />

Centres<br />

Pigmentation is seen as the 3rd most<br />

important skin problem after wrinkles<br />

and sagging. Today, depigmenting<br />

treatments represent over 20% of the<br />

total cosmetic market.<br />

Global leader in topical depigmentation,<br />

mesoestetic continues an international campaign<br />

to exclusively train and certify specialised centres<br />

as pigmentation experts.<br />

Before<br />

After<br />

+<br />

select Australian<br />

clinics<br />

are now exclusively<br />

trained and certified by<br />

mesoesetetic as Specialised<br />

Depigmentation Centres.<br />

Before<br />

After<br />

Advanced Cosmeceuticals<br />

1800 242 011 | www.advancedcosmeceuticals.com.au

egulars<br />

8 Editor’s Letter<br />

10 Beauty Insider<br />

116 Ed’s Faves<br />

features<br />

22 Celebrity Bust Out<br />

It’s hard to tell these days who<br />

has real breasts and who has<br />

implants. You be the judge.<br />

36 Sex Appeal: Do You Have It?<br />

Animal magnetism. That certain<br />

je ne sais quoi. Whatever you<br />

call it, sex appeal has some<br />

serious scientific backing.<br />

54 Boost your mental health<br />

& well being<br />

While the bulk of our wellness<br />

focus typically involves working<br />

out and losing weight, not<br />

enough importance is placed<br />

on improving our mental<br />

health.<br />

98 The Breast Report<br />

Everything you need to know<br />

about breast augmentation.<br />

BEAUTY<br />

26 24 Hour Makeup<br />

Here are our picks of the long<br />

lasting, smudge proof and water<br />

resistant products that we can<br />

rely on to have as much staying<br />

power as we do.<br />

42 Back To Base<br />

Choosing the right foundation<br />

can be a daunting beauty<br />

aCtivity. here are our tips to<br />

relieving your stress when<br />

searching for the perfect<br />

foundation fit.<br />

68 Skincare Essentials<br />

When it comes to beauty,<br />

routine is key to having glowing<br />

healthy skin.<br />

90 Bad Hair Day Hacks<br />

Everyone has a bad hair day,<br />

so here are our tips for some<br />

serious hair pampering to get<br />

your mane back on track.<br />

98 Nail It<br />

With so many nail trend options<br />

to try, there’s one to suit<br />



60 When Harry Met Sally<br />

No need to fake it. Gynaecologist<br />

Dr Oseka Onuma talks orgasms<br />

and sexual health for women.<br />

84 Intermittent Fasting:<br />

Benefits & Risks<br />

Fasting is becoming an accepted<br />

means of weight loss by both<br />

the scientific community and the<br />

general public.<br />

102 Should We Quit Sugar?<br />

Sugar. It’s been described as toxic,<br />

poisonous and addictive, but<br />

should we quit it completely?<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 7

From the<br />

Editor<br />

Being a beach lover, I’m a happy girl because finally the days are<br />

getting shorter and there is light at the end of the tunnel…<br />

warmer weather is on its way. While I welcome this, it usually<br />

sends me into a spin about the extra few kilos I’ve added over<br />

winter and I regret all those mornings I hit the snooze button<br />

because it was just too chilly to get out of bed to train. So now<br />

is the perfect time to start eating more healthily and starting those long walks to<br />

get into shape for summer.<br />

On page 110 we have a feature that outlines the benefits of decreasing sugar in<br />

our diets – not just to look good but also for the accompanying health benefits.<br />

Health benefits are not only physical, so turn to page 54 for some tips on how to<br />

improve our mental health and wellbeing. We also have an article on intermittent<br />

fasting (page 84), which has now been shown to be an effective way to both lose<br />

weight and to keep it off. If we start now, we should be bikini-ready by summer.<br />

Yeah, right...<br />

We also have a special feature on breast enhancement surgery on page 98.<br />

While this is a comprehensive guide to all the important things you need to know,<br />

it is still imperative to do thorough research and to consult at least two surgeons<br />

before making any decisions. We also have a fun article showcasing different<br />

celebrities who may – or may not – have had breast augmentation. You decide!<br />

Our article on 24 hour makeup on page 26 highlights some of the best products<br />

for a long lasting finish, and the Back to Base story on page 42 explains the<br />

different types of foundations and some of our faves from each group.<br />

We have all suffered from a bad hair day, so our article on Bad Hair Day Hacks<br />

(page 90) is a must-read – who knew there were so many fab products out there<br />

to help us through? Our Born to be Wild article (page 32) features some products<br />

that are not only effective but also have the looks – the jungle and animal print<br />

wild theming we all love.<br />

If you’ve ever wondered what ‘sex appeal’ actually is, turn to page 36 to read<br />

our article that outlines the actual science behind physical attraction and ‘animal<br />

magnetism’, with input from many experts including researchers, scientists and an<br />

evolutionary anthropologist.<br />

This issue gives us all plenty of impetus to start looking and feeling our best –<br />

now we just have to stop making excuses and do it.<br />

Michelle Kearney<br />

Editor-in-Chief<br />

michelle@bellamedia.com.au<br />

Read the online edition<br />

plus more great aRTicles @<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au<br />

Issue 85<br />

August 2019 - October 2019<br />

Editor-in-Chief<br />

Michelle Kearney<br />

Art Director<br />

Debbie Pilarinos<br />

Writers<br />

Catherine Hale, David Hickie,<br />

Maria Leahy, Aimée Rodrigues<br />

Photographers<br />

Debbie Pilarinos, ShutterStock<br />

Distribution &<br />

Subscription Enquiries<br />

Bill Dunk<br />

Phone 02 8095 6265 Mob 0410 528 582<br />

Email bill@bellamedia.com.au<br />

Advertising Enquiries<br />

Michelle Kearney<br />

Phone 02 8095 6265 Mob 0419 624 246<br />

Email michelle@bellamedia.com.au<br />

Editorial Enquiries<br />

Michelle Kearney<br />

Phone 02 8095 6265 Mob 0419 624 246<br />

Email michelle@bellamedia.com.au<br />

Produced & Published by Bella Media<br />

ABN 86 082 157 695<br />

Managing Director<br />

Michelle Kearney<br />

Chief Operating Officer<br />

Bill Dunk<br />

Public Relations, Marketing<br />

& Event Organisation<br />

Phone 02 8095 6265<br />

Office address<br />

Suite 2201, Level 22 Westfield Tower 2<br />

101 Grafton St,<br />

Bondi Junction NSW, 2022<br />

Phone +61 2 8095 6265<br />

www.bellamedia.com.au<br />

find us on Facebook<br />

cosbeauty<br />

follow us on Instagram<br />

cosbeauty<br />

Reproduction in whole or in part is not permitted without the<br />

written authorisation of the publisher. All reasonable efforts have<br />

been made to trace copyright holders. All manuscripts and articles<br />

submitted for publication remain the property of The Bella Media<br />

Group. This magazine contains general information only and<br />

does not purport to be a substitute for medical advice. All readers<br />

are advised to seek medical advice from a doctor if considering<br />

cosmetic surgery. The publisher and the authors do not accept<br />

any liability whatsoever in respect of an action taken by readers in<br />

reliance on the recommendations set out in this magazine. Except<br />

where specified in captions, photographs depict models who have<br />

not necessarily received treatments described in this magazine.<br />

Any ‘before and after’ photographs in <strong>CosBeauty</strong> <strong>Magazine</strong><br />

articles are of genuine patients. It is important to understand<br />

that they represent one person’s experience and there is<br />

no guarantee that any other patient will experience similar results.

world’s leading professional<br />

depigmentation method<br />

radiance DNA<br />

global anti-ageing solution by<br />

mesoestetic<br />

ampoules<br />

treating a range of skin<br />

concerns<br />

mesopeels<br />

accelerated and controlled skin<br />

regeneration<br />


Advanced Cosmeceuticals<br />

1800 242 011 | www.advancedcosmeceuticals.com.au

@cosbeauty<br />

Beauty insider<br />


Lady Gaga’s New Electric Beauty Range<br />

Lady Gaga has just announced her brand new beauty<br />

partnership with major online retailer, Amazon. The name<br />

of her new range is Haus Laboratories and it will be the<br />

first ever major cosmetics brand exclusive to Amazon.<br />

Expect Haus Laboratories to incorporate lip glosses,<br />

liners and eye shadow pallets that embrace all things<br />

bold, downtown and metallic.<br />

The range is ready for drop in September – with presale<br />

opening on July 15 – and will only be released in<br />

nine countries around the world including, the UK, US,<br />

Japan, France and Germany. Hopefully, it will expand to<br />

Australia in the not-too-distant future.

@cosbeauty<br />



Aus Medic Co is the newest<br />

premium skincare range to launch in<br />

Priceline. Promoted as being born<br />

from a synergy between functionality<br />

of science and creative execution,<br />

the new dermatologically tested sixstage<br />

range claims to offer botoxlike<br />

results.<br />

Designed in collaboration<br />

with neuroscientists, its peptide<br />

Munapsys, together with an array<br />

of active botanicals encourages<br />

collagen growth, is said to improve<br />

the visible signs of expression lines<br />

and fine lines.<br />

Aus Medic Co’s Manager<br />

Director, Alanna Hinds, says “We<br />

are excited to be producing the<br />

next generation of skincare. We<br />

knew that contemporary women<br />

live busy complicated lives, and we<br />

wanted a numbered skincare system<br />

that aimed at creating simplicity in<br />

the bathroom.”<br />

Aus Medic Co has also signed<br />

Australian sweetheart Sophie Monk<br />

as the face of the brand.<br />

Alanna says, “Right from the getgo,<br />

we knew Sophie was the perfect<br />

fit. She loves the product because<br />

it fits easily into her routine. She<br />

radiates beauty from inside and out,<br />

but what we love most about her<br />

is that she is real and authentic in<br />

ugg boots or high heels. She’s never<br />

been anyone but herself.”<br />

Aus Medic Co’s commitment<br />

to both the environment and your<br />

skin is reflected in its recyclable<br />

and environmentally-friendly<br />

glass bottles.<br />

The glass also ensures the<br />

peptides and actives are being<br />

kept stable and with no risk of<br />

contamination from plastics.<br />



The appointment of makeup artist Australian ‘beauty scape’. Michael’s<br />

Michael Brown as their Southeast celebrity clients have included<br />

Asia regional artistry ambassador Gisele Bundchen, Miranda Kerr,<br />

has just been announced by Marc Sofia Richie, Jennifer Hawkins,<br />

Jacobs Beauty. He brings to the role Jesinta Franklin and many more.<br />

two decades of experience in the “I have always loved working with<br />

beauty industry as a professional Marc Jacobs Beauty,” said Brown.<br />

make-up artist, presenter, host, “The products are exceptional and<br />

media personality and he is an consistently inspire me – they have<br />

iconic and respected figure in the been a staple in my kit for years.”<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 11

@cosbeauty<br />

Elizabeth ARden VITAMIN C<br />



In 1990, Elizabeth Arden forever<br />

changed the skincare industry<br />

with the introduction of Ceramide<br />

Capsules, a legacy continued<br />

with the launch of Vitamin C<br />

Ceramide Capsules Radiance<br />

Renewal Serum. This dry oil<br />

serum combines two powerhouse<br />

ingredients in one capsule:<br />

Vitamin C for its brightening<br />

superpowers and Ceramides,<br />

to prolong skin’s youthful glow.<br />

Together, these complementary<br />

ingredient technologies create<br />

a fusion of results that help<br />

visibly brighten, fight hyperpigmentation<br />

and protect skin<br />

from free radical damage.<br />

Vitamin C Ceramide Capsules<br />

offer maximum efficacy and<br />

protection against external skin<br />

aggressors, to instantly brighten the<br />

appearance of th skin.<br />

Sisley Paris launchES<br />

LA Maison Sisley<br />

Internationally renowned skin and<br />

cosmetics brand Sisley Paris has<br />

opened La Maison Sisley, a luxurious<br />

Parisian house of beauty where care<br />

and well-being reign supreme.<br />

Located near the Arc de Triomphe<br />

and the Champs-Élysées in the heart<br />

of Paris, and inspired by the beauty<br />

and authenticity of its Art Deco<br />

building in which it lies, the 360m2<br />

space is home to the brand’s first<br />

Paris flagship boutique as well as a<br />

spa, offering a unique experience<br />

and an immersion into the heart<br />

of beauty.<br />

Designed to reflect the spirit<br />

of the brand and the artistic and<br />

cultural inspiration of the d’Ornano<br />

family, Maison Sisley was decorated<br />

by matriarch Madame d’Ornano,<br />

boasting modern, elegant and<br />

refined interiors, divided into four<br />

areas to appear like a private house.<br />

Treatments begin with a<br />

consultation in the spa’s lounge,<br />

decorated with a mirrored<br />

sideboard, stylised leaves and<br />

lamps, complemented by the

@cosbeauty<br />

perfect ‘jet-lag’ sofa crafted by India<br />

Mahdavi specifically for the space.<br />

Rich with various influences, a moon<br />

light fixture hangs from the ceiling,<br />

highlighting walls proudly adorned<br />

with international coverage.<br />

Sculpted by Polish artist, Bronislaw<br />

Krzysztof, the door’s handle leading<br />

to the treatment room, is shaped<br />

like the silhouette of a woman.<br />

A haven of calm and relaxation,<br />

the spa offers the full Sisley<br />

experience featuring five treatment<br />

rooms each with suspended lit<br />

ceilings depicting Ginkgo biloba<br />

leaves, an emblematic ingredient<br />

used in many cult products, walls<br />

covered with wallpaper created in<br />

1874 by Atelier d’Offard in Tours,<br />

chosen for its cell-like silky silver<br />

tone and pastel Italian mosaics.<br />

Combining artistic creativity with<br />

first class savoir-faire, the luxury<br />

spa offers high-quality products<br />

and bespoke treatments designed<br />

for maximum effectiveness and<br />

pleasure with a range of indulgent<br />

facials, massages and full-scale body<br />

experiences to awaken the senses<br />

and rejuvenate. Devoted to wellness<br />

and beauty, with a treatment for<br />

every age and skin type, both<br />

men and women can address<br />

specific needs including hydration,<br />

nutrition, anti-ageing, repair, vitality,<br />

relaxation, serenity and slimming.<br />

In homage to the true Parisienne,<br />

Sisley has crafted an antidote to<br />

city life with four treatments, ‘The<br />

Paris Exclusives’ formulated to<br />

address the needs of the elegant<br />

and effervescent; stress, fatigue,<br />

pollution and heavy legs.<br />

Treatments are finished in the<br />

intimate cosy secret café, reserved<br />

exclusively for Sisley clients.<br />

Opening onto a small terrace,<br />

the café offers simple and fresh<br />

healthy meal options. Mimicking the<br />

brand’s makeup cases, each table<br />

is adorned with chequers and the<br />

famous black-and-white zebra motif.<br />

Furnishings echo a mural painted<br />

by children from South Sudan and<br />

botanical wallpaper inspired by the<br />

tropics. Light fixtures by Spanish<br />

artist Alvaro Catalán de Ocón, made<br />

from recycled plastic bottles woven<br />

by Colombian women, hang from<br />

the ceiling in a variety of designs,<br />

shapes, and colours.<br />

Home to the first Sisley boutique<br />

in Paris, traditional and modern<br />

accents are complemented by<br />

animated and luminous wall<br />

displays, eccentric furnishings and<br />

an exclusive fragrance bar. The<br />

flagship boutique will house limited<br />

edition accessories and objects<br />

as well as inspired ephemeral<br />

collections chosen specifically by the<br />

d’Ornano family.<br />

Visit www.sisley-paris.com/en-AU/<br />

for more information.<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 13

Imperfect<br />

beauty<br />

‘We all have our<br />

imperfections. But I’m<br />

human and you know,<br />

it’s important to<br />

concentrate on other<br />

qualities besides<br />

outer beauty.’<br />



Monroe<br />

‘Imperfection is<br />

beauty, madness<br />

is genius and it’s<br />

better to be<br />

absolutely ridiculous<br />

than absolutely<br />


‘I don’t like<br />

standard<br />

beauty.<br />

There is no<br />

beauty without<br />

strangeness.’<br />

Karl Lagerfeld

High<br />

Performance<br />

SKIN<br />

Ethics<br />





More and more customers globally are demanding<br />

transparency as they take an increasing interest<br />

in the ethical practices of the companies they buy<br />

from. ‘Conscious consumption’ is the new buzzword.<br />

It is a movement of people who seek out ways to<br />

make positive decisions about what to buy as they<br />

look for solutions to the negative environmental<br />

impact consumerism could have on our world.<br />

Environmental welfare is a cause close to Medik8’s<br />

heart and it is a company committed to reducing its<br />

environmental footprint at every opportunity. The<br />

management philosophy is based on ethical practices<br />

and behaviour, so leaders within the company can<br />

direct employees by example and guide them in<br />

making decisions that are not only benefi cial to them<br />

as individuals, but also to the company as a whole.<br />

Sustainability is absolutely key in the beauty<br />

industry and Medik8 strives to fi nd a balance. For<br />

example, in 2018 it removed all plastic inserts from<br />

its cartons and replaced them with 100% recycled<br />

card, making its cartons completely recyclable and<br />

saving over 3 tonnes of plastic every year. Plus, all of<br />

Medik8’s serum bottles and pipettes are made from<br />

glass and, since 2018, its glass bottles have contained<br />

40% recycled glass, a fi gure it is looking to increase in<br />

the near future. Medik8 has also pledged to be 100%<br />

vegan by the end of 2019 and it is very much on track<br />

to meet this goal.<br />

Medik8 uses only the highest quality ingredients and<br />

if there is a scientifi c ingredient that provides effective<br />

results and is backed by clinical data then Medik8 will<br />

use it; but if there is a natural alternative that has the<br />

same effects, it will always choose the latter.


Medik8 is a British company, which manufactures in the UK, yet complies with<br />

European standards. It is a brand rooted in science and nature and follows a combination<br />

of eight core principles.<br />

WHERE<br />

TO GET IT<br />

For stockists call 1800 242 011<br />

or visit www.medik8.com.au<br />

1. SIMPLE<br />

Medik8 is on a mission to demystify antiageing<br />

skincare. The company believes<br />

looking 40 when you’re 50 is as simple as<br />

following its anti-ageing philosophy ‘vitamin<br />

C plus sunscreen by day, vitamin A by night’.<br />

2. TAILORED<br />

While anti-ageing is at its core, Medik8 also<br />

provides solution specifi c skincare for a range<br />

of skin concerns. It understands customers<br />

often want their skincare to do more than one<br />

job for them. That’s why its products can help<br />

clear blemishes or pigmentation while also<br />

helping to prevent premature skin ageing.<br />

3. CLEAN<br />

Formulations are important and Medik8<br />

knows what to add in and what to keep out.<br />

No fads or fashions. No parabens, phthalates<br />

or sulphates, no microbeads. It may sound<br />

contradictory, but some ingredients get<br />

weaker when more concentrated so Medik8<br />

researchers work tirelessly to fi nd the sweet<br />

spot in every formulation - the concentration<br />

that delivers the best results with minimal<br />

irritation. Sometimes that means less is more.<br />

Medik8 uses clinically proven ingredients with<br />

original research behind them.<br />

4. ARTISAN<br />

Many active ingredients in professional<br />

skincare are incredibly unstable and diffi cult<br />

to work with. Medik8 promises to deliver<br />

professional strength products to the market as<br />

freshly as possible. Its serums are handmade in<br />

small batches by the master blender at its own<br />

UK-based ISO certifi ed labs. This helps ensure<br />

the products are still powerful and effective<br />

when they reach its clients.<br />


Medik8 is an independent company and<br />

this allows it to be totally free in product<br />

development with fresh ideas and swift<br />

new product creation. Medik8 develops all<br />

its ideas and products in-house in its own<br />

state-of-the-art labs.<br />


You’ll only fi nd Medik8 in professionally<br />

trained clinics, spas and specialist<br />

websites. This ensures clients will receive<br />

the attention, care and tailored skincare<br />

advice they deserve.<br />


It is important that active ingredients can<br />

reach the correct location within the skin<br />

to provide results. Medik8 uses liposome<br />

and micro-emulsion technologies that<br />

work like protective ‘bubbles’ around<br />

the molecules to ensure ingredients can<br />

reach the right place; avoiding being<br />

stuck in the upper layers of the skin<br />

and causing irritation. The company<br />

develops and frequently patents its own<br />

original research, often collaborating with<br />

universities and academics.<br />

8. ETHICAL<br />

Of course, Medik8 products are 100%<br />

animal cruelty-free. The company is<br />

dedicated to minimising its impact on<br />

the environment whenever possible.<br />

The manufacturing processes are energy<br />

effi cient, without interfering with results.<br />

Medik8 uses recycled paper for all of its<br />

packaging and 40% recycled glass in its<br />

serum bottles. Even its buildings are run<br />

from 100% renewable energy sources.

Celebrity<br />

feature<br />

bust<br />

out<br />

With fashion tape, push-up bras and<br />

Photoshop, it’s hard to tell these<br />

days who has real breasts and who<br />

has implants. Even if implants are<br />

the case, with breast augmentation<br />

such a commonly performed<br />

procedure, most enlargements<br />

can look and feel as natural<br />

as real breasts. And with more<br />

women choosing conservative,<br />

more natural looking implants, it<br />

becomes even harder to tell.<br />

who isn’t a voyeur deep down and<br />

we all love conjecture. so here’s<br />

a selection of celebrities whose<br />

breasts size and shape seem to have<br />

changed over the years. We will<br />

leave the final say up to you!<br />

Blake Lively

Niki Minaj<br />

Cameron Diaz<br />

Rita Ora<br />

have they<br />

or haven’t<br />

they?<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 23

have they or<br />

haven’t they?<br />

Fergie<br />

Cardi B

Giselle Bundchen<br />

Agelina Jolie<br />

Salma Hayek<br />

Kate Hudson<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 25


24 HOUR MAKEUP<br />




















EUP<br />

AKE<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 27

MAC Studio Fix 24 Hour<br />

Smooth Wear, $38<br />

BEAUTY<br />

FACE<br />

1. Beauty Blender Bouce Liquid Long<br />

Wear Foundation 30ml, $60, 2. Skinstitut<br />

High Definition Foundation, $59, 3. Nude<br />

by Nature Flawless Liquid Foundation,<br />

$39.95, 4. Sisley Sisleya Le Teint 30ml,<br />

$190, 5. beautyblender RE-DEW Set &<br />

Refresh Spray 50ml, $45, 6. Skindinavia<br />

Makeup Finishing Spray 118ml, $39.95,<br />

7. MAC Pro Longwear Nourishing<br />

Waterproof Foundation, $58.<br />

1. 2. 3.<br />

4. 5.<br />

6. 7.

Freezeframe<br />

MAGNALASH Magnetic<br />

False Eyelashes, $29.95<br />

Eyes<br />

11.<br />

8.<br />

9.<br />

10.<br />

12. 13.<br />

14.<br />

8. Marc Jacobs O!mega Shadow Gel Powder Eyeshadow,<br />

$42, 9. Sisley So Volume Mascara, $80, 10. Jane Iredale<br />

Mystikol® Powdered Eyeliner, $52, 11. Kat Von D Tattoo<br />

Liner in Trooper, $28, 12. MODELROCK Rock Chic Wings<br />

Out Loud Brush Tip Eyeliner, $19.95, 13. Bobbi Brown<br />

Long Wear Cream Shadow Stick in Violet Plum, $47, 14.<br />

MODELROCK Rock Chic Eye Shadow Palette Vol 1, $89.<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 29

2.<br />

3.<br />

BEAUTY<br />

Lips<br />

1.<br />

1. Marc Jacobs (P)outliner Longwear Lip<br />

Liner Pencil, $36, 2. Kat Von D lipliner in<br />

Vampira, $29, 3. Kat Von D liquid lipstick in<br />

Miss Argentina, $28, 4. Bobbi Brown Luxe<br />

Liquid Lip Color in Uber Pink, $56, 5. MAC<br />

Retro Matte Lipstick in Ruby Woo, $36, 6.<br />

Sisley Paris Le Phyto in 41 rouge miami, $68,<br />

7. Bite Beauty Outburst Longwear Lip Stain in<br />

Strawberry, $37, 8. Model Rock ROCK CHIC<br />

Liquid Lipstick in Atomic Blonde, $28, 9. Nude<br />

by Nature Creamy Matte Lipstick in 07 Red<br />

Blossom, $22.95.

4. 5. 6.<br />

7.<br />

8.<br />

9.<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 31

Born to be<br />

beauty<br />

We have to<br />

agree with Diana<br />

Vreeland when<br />

she said ‘I’ve never<br />

met a leopard<br />

print I didn’t like.’<br />

We all have a<br />

touch of the wild<br />

in us, so appease<br />

your inner<br />

seductress with<br />

these amazingly<br />

styled products.<br />

Christian Siriano Spring Summer 2019<br />


1.<br />

Sephora Collection<br />

Feline Instinct<br />

Eyeshadow Palette in<br />

Gold Edition, $33<br />

DIOR Diorshow 5<br />

Couleurs Eye Palette<br />

in Expose, $107<br />


leopard print<br />

cross body bag,<br />

$1,126<br />

Tory Burch<br />

Penelope snakeprint<br />

pumps, $630<br />

DOLCE &<br />


EYEWEAR,<br />

leopard print<br />

sunglasses, $289<br />

Guerlain<br />

Rouge G<br />

Custom<br />

Series Case<br />

in Exotic<br />

Safari, $33<br />

Cartier La<br />

Panthere EDP<br />

50ml, $140<br />

Marc Jacobs<br />

Beauty Le Marc<br />

Lip Frost Lipstick<br />

in Diva 502, $45<br />

Marc Jacobs<br />

Beauty Eye-Conic<br />

Frost Eyeshadow<br />

Palette - Flam(boy)<br />

ant (Limited<br />

Edition) $68<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 33

BEAUTY<br />

Sisley<br />

Phyto-Blush<br />

Twist in<br />

Passion, $80<br />

Valentino<br />

Garavani<br />

Rockrunner<br />

sneakers,<br />

$1,050<br />

Sisley Phyto-Poudre<br />

Compact, $125<br />

Yves Saint Laurent<br />

Mascara Vinyl Couture<br />

in Green, $57<br />


DENONA<br />

Safari All Matte<br />

Eyeshadow<br />

Palette, $201<br />

Versace Pre-Fall 2019 Collection

Bvlgari Serpenti<br />

Rings, $26.200,00<br />

Tarte Tartelette<br />

Amazonian Clay Matte<br />

Eyeshadow Palette, $55<br />

Giorgio<br />

Armani Eyes<br />

To Kill Eye Tint<br />

in Shade 4, $53<br />

Tadashi Shoji Spring Summer 2019<br />

Sephora Collection<br />

Outrageous Eyeshadow<br />

in fearless khaki, $15<br />

Tom Ford Spring Summer 2019<br />

Benefit<br />

Cosmetics<br />

CORALista<br />

Coral Blush,<br />

$52<br />

EVY<br />


iQ OneGlide, $299<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 35

feature<br />

sex<br />

appeal:<br />

do you<br />

have it?<br />

Animal magnetism. That certain je ne sais<br />

quoi. Whatever you call it, sex appeal<br />

has some serious scientific backing.<br />

words by Aimeé rodrigues<br />

No matter which branch of science you<br />

subscribe to, we have it on good authority<br />

that sexual attraction comes down to a<br />

primal human quest: to reproduce and nurture healthy<br />

offspring. Levels of attractiveness, and what both men<br />

and women consider attractive in each other, appear<br />

to be a function of both evolution and psychology.<br />

Of course, every man and woman has their unique<br />

taste, but an overwhelming number of studies show<br />

that our biological need to procreate leads most of<br />

us to pick mates who have certain physical traits<br />

over those who don’t. These physical characteristics<br />

stimulate the brain’s hypothalamus, leading to elevated<br />

heart rate, perspiration and feelings of sexual arousal.<br />

It is also a chemical state, with six or seven<br />

hormones at play. ‘Being on drugs is like falling in<br />

love (or vice versa),’ says Prof Rob Brooks, Professor<br />

of Evolutionary Biology at the University of NSW<br />

and author of Sex, Genes and Rock ‘n’ Roll: How<br />

Evolution Has Shaped The Modern World.<br />

Perhaps the most obvious physical trait that arouses

www.cosbeauty.com.au 37

feature<br />

attraction is a youthful appearance,<br />

which is linked to reproductive<br />

capacity. In humans, mate ‘value’<br />

therefore declines with age, beginning<br />

in early adulthood. It follows, then,<br />

that we are naturally inclined to<br />

enhance our appearance.<br />

But what attracts a man to a<br />

woman fundamentally differs<br />

from what women seek in a male<br />

partner. ‘In virtually all of the<br />

human populations sampled, males<br />

rated physical attractiveness<br />

(usually associated with youth)<br />

significantly more important in<br />

mate choice than females did,’<br />

says Australian evolutionary<br />

anthropologist Sean McBride.<br />

‘Females, by contrast, mostly rated<br />

earning potential and ambition-cumindustriousness<br />

as more important<br />

factors when choosing a mate.’ In<br />

other words, the attractiveness of the<br />

man is directly linked to his skills and<br />

prowess rather than his looks.<br />

‘An evolutionary perspective<br />

on human behaviour suggests that<br />

human beings, like members of other<br />

animal species, are likely to have<br />

adaptations for assessing the “value”

of potential sexual partners, using<br />

visual and other cues, and that our<br />

standards of physical attractiveness<br />

arise from these adaptations,’<br />

McBride continues.<br />

Regardless of culture or country<br />

of origin, men find similar female<br />

traits attractive. Their preferences<br />

are biologically and evolutionarily<br />

programmed to find signs of youth<br />

and health attractive, so as to seek<br />

females that are best suited to carry<br />

on their genes.<br />

Studies have found that female<br />

figures with slender bodies, a low<br />

waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) and<br />

large breasts are rated as the most<br />

attractive, healthy, feminine-looking<br />

and desirable for both casual and<br />

long-term romantic relationships.<br />

‘Large breasts consistently enhance<br />

the attractiveness rating of both<br />

slender and heavy figures, so long as<br />

they have a low WHR,’ says McBride.<br />

‘Polish research has shown that<br />

women with large breasts and a small<br />

waist had larger amounts of female<br />

hormones than women with a broad<br />

waist and large hips; narrow waist<br />

and small breasts; or broad waist and<br />

small breasts.’<br />

The significance of the WHR is<br />

directly linked to fertility, as a low<br />

WHR is believed to correspond to<br />

the optimal fat distribution for high<br />

fertility. If a woman is seen to be<br />

more fertile, she is also seen to be<br />

more attractive.<br />

‘Women with a low WHR may also<br />

be healthier, given that a high WHR<br />

resulting from a bloated abdomen<br />

can be a sign of parasite infection.<br />

A high WHR in a female can also<br />

predict menstrual irregularity,<br />

hirsutism (excess hairiness), elevated<br />

plasma triglycerides, diabetes,<br />

hypertension, cardiovascular disease,<br />

gall bladder disease and cancer of the<br />

endometrium, ovaries and breast,’<br />

McBride explains.<br />

But large breasts and a small waist<br />

aren’t the only physical assets men are<br />

drawn to. Other characteristics said<br />

to be prized by our male ancestors in<br />

Scents appeal<br />

Scientists have also discovered<br />

that scent plays an important role<br />

in the sexual attraction of males<br />

to females. At certain points<br />

during the menstrual cycle, women<br />

produce more or less oestrogen and,<br />

accordingly, their scent becomes more<br />

or less appealing to men. Research<br />

indicates that oestrogen triggers blood<br />

flow to the hypothalamus in the male,<br />

but not the female, brain.<br />

In fact, research into our sense of<br />

smell has determined that a simple<br />

kiss has evolved in the Western world<br />

from the universal human greeting of<br />

smelling one another’s hands or faces.<br />

Although such smells are not blatant,<br />

and may not register in the conscious<br />

mind, such smells influence mood and<br />

sexual mating preferences.<br />

Unlike pheromones, which are<br />

long-distance chemical messengers<br />

in the Animal Kingdom, these are<br />

subtle protein secretions detected<br />

at close quarters. ‘They enable<br />

humans to determine whether they<br />

are genetically similar or different,’<br />

says Prof Rob Brooks. ‘Opposites do<br />

attract,’ he says. ‘It’s like an internal<br />

communications system.’<br />

their potential mates were full<br />

red lips, clear and smooth skin, clear<br />

eyes, lustrous hair and good muscle<br />

tone; all indications of a healthy,<br />

youthful woman.<br />

‘These in-built preferences seem<br />

to be aimed at ensuring males find<br />

suitably fertile females who are<br />

healthy enough to reproduce and,<br />

in turn, produce healthy children,’<br />

says McBride. ‘These mechanisms<br />

are instinctual and generally<br />

subconscious. Men don’t think to<br />

themselves: “I must find a woman<br />

with a WHR of 0.7 and smooth skin”.<br />

We just find these characteristics<br />

appealing and they are almost<br />

universally sought after,’ he adds.<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 39




Could being attractive be less in the eye<br />

of the beholder and more to do with a<br />

mathematical equation involving our<br />

waist and hip measurements?<br />

It’s human nature to want to<br />

know whether we’re attractive and<br />

how we can make ourselves more<br />

appealing. But a new study suggests<br />

that to sum our real assets all we need<br />

to do is an easy sum.<br />

So perhaps beauty isn’t in the eye of<br />

the beholder, it comes down the far less<br />

subjective mathematical equation.<br />

It has been found a woman’s<br />

attractiveness relates to the size of<br />

her waist compared with her hips.<br />

Scientists have discovered the ratio<br />

they say makes for the perfect fi gure.<br />

A waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) of 0.7,<br />

or a waist measurement at 70 per<br />

cent of the hip circumference, is the<br />

magic number.<br />

New Zealand anthropologist<br />

Barnaby Dixson set out to fi nd what<br />

makes a woman attractive to men. A<br />

group of volunteers were presented<br />

with various pictures of a woman in<br />

which her bust, waist and hips had<br />

been digitally altered and asked to rate<br />

the image for attractiveness. Infra-red<br />

cameras tracked their eyes as they<br />

looked at the photos.<br />

Although most were initially drawn<br />

to the woman’s cleavage, her hips and<br />

waist were key to attraction.<br />

Perennially curvy beauties like<br />

Marilyn Monroe, Sophia Loren, Jessica<br />

Alba and Victoria’s Secret model<br />

Alessandra Ambrosio are all examples<br />

of the perfect ratio. Interestingly<br />

though, it isn’t a ratio dependent on<br />

curves or lack there of, it’s all simply<br />

proportion of the waist to hips. (So<br />

interestingly waif-like Kate Moss also<br />

matches up to the ideal WHR of 0.7.<br />

The concept and signifi cance of<br />

WHR as an indicator of attractiveness<br />

was fi rst theorised by psychologist<br />

Devendra Singh in 1993, who argued<br />

that the WHR was a consistent<br />

oestrogen marker.<br />

Some researchers have found that<br />

the waist-hip ratio is a signifi cant<br />

measure of female attractiveness,<br />

although this has been found to be<br />

dependent on cultural values. Women<br />

with a 0.7 WHR are usually rated as<br />

more attractive by men from European<br />

cultures, while China favours a WHR<br />

of 0.6 which rose to 0.8 or 0.9 in parts<br />

of South America and Africa.<br />

However, the attractiveness of<br />

the hourglass fi gure holds true across<br />

countries and cultures. Research shows.<br />

Men across the world can all agree –<br />

from the UK, Cameroon, Germany<br />

and China, to New Zealand. German<br />

research released last year indicated an<br />

hourglass fi gure to be more attractive<br />

than even athletic types or long-legged,<br />

big-chested ‘Barbies’.<br />

It is thought that a small waist-to-hip<br />

ratio is equated in the mind with good<br />

health and high fertility. ‘It is likely<br />

that perfect 0.7 ratio sends a biological<br />

signal to men that this woman is most<br />

fertile and most likely to produce a<br />

healthy offspring, no matter what size<br />

that woman is,’ says Dr Dixson. ‘It is all<br />

about the distribution of fat which is<br />

directly linked to fertility.’<br />

In fact, it looks like we’re all<br />

encouraged to celebrate our curvy<br />

bits according to the research data.<br />

Dr Dixson says men were wasting<br />

their time pumping iron in the gym<br />

because women have indicated they<br />

invariably prefer a leaner, less<br />

muscle-bound physique.<br />

‘On a biological level, women<br />

are more likely to pick a leaner,<br />

even slightly more effeminate man as<br />

they equate those physical traits with<br />

being more caring and gentle and<br />

therefore a better prospect as a partner,’<br />

he explains. ‘Humans simply do not<br />

mate randomly.’

Blonde vs brunette<br />

It’s an age-old debate that had even Charles<br />

Darwin stumped – he couldn’t find any<br />

acceptable reason men might prefer blondes.<br />

Since Darwin’s time, however, there have<br />

been a few advancements in the science behind<br />

hair preference.<br />

Blonde hair is thought to be an indicator of<br />

youth and sexual vitality, but a recent study,<br />

which attempted to determine the most beautiful<br />

woman in the world, picked a brunette, and<br />

a 2011 study in the Scandinavian Journal<br />

of Psychology found brunettes are generally<br />

considered more attractive.<br />

Makeup &<br />

attraction<br />

Women who wear makeup appear<br />

more trustworthy, likeable and<br />

competent – not to mention<br />

attractive – to those around them, or<br />

so a relatively recent study tells us.<br />

‘As we have evolved, the brain has<br />

become capable of making complex<br />

social judgments on some very basic<br />

visual cues,’ says Dr Arnaud Aubert,<br />

an experimental psychologist and<br />

associate professor in the department<br />

of neurosciences at the Universitè<br />

François-Rabelais, France.<br />

These visual cues typically revolve<br />

around the idea of attractiveness and<br />

trustworthiness, elements that the<br />

right style of makeup can certainly<br />

assist with. ‘First you see the face and<br />

then, after a quick visual decoding,<br />

a signal is relayed to the limbic area<br />

of the brain where an emotional<br />

level is assigned to what you have<br />

seen – either pleasant or unpleasant,’<br />

Dr Aubert says. ‘This information<br />

is then translated to the forebrain<br />

where it’s decided whether the face<br />

is trustworthy or untrustworthy.<br />

The whole process is carried out<br />

almost instantaneously.’<br />

By minimising flaws and enhancing<br />

our best features, makeup – when<br />

applied effectively – can make for a<br />

more “pleasant” translation process.<br />

Highlighter and illuminator, for<br />

instance, can detract from a larger<br />

nose, while the right shade of lip<br />

colour can go a long way in boosting<br />

that first impression.<br />

‘All the social information is in<br />

the centre of the face,’ Dr Aubert<br />

explains. ‘If the brain is distracted by<br />

imperfections, it processes less and so<br />

has a weaker social assessment of the<br />

person it is looking at.’<br />

A study conducted by Harvard<br />

University with Proctor and<br />

Gamble supports Aubert’s findings.<br />

Participants of the study were asked<br />

to rate how likeable, trustworthy and<br />

competent particular women were,<br />

based on their makeup. They were<br />

presented with images of women<br />

with no makeup, and then the same<br />

women made up in different ways –<br />

natural, professional and glamorous.<br />

One participant group was shown<br />

the images for a couple of seconds<br />

and the other group could inspect the<br />

images for as long as they liked.<br />

Lead author and assistant clinical<br />

professor of psychology at Harvard<br />

University, Nancy Etcoff explains<br />

the effects of makeup were the same,<br />

regardless of length of exposure.<br />

‘When flashed quickly, every<br />

cosmetic look significantly increased<br />

how attractive, competent, likeable<br />

and trustworthy the faces appeared to<br />

the same faces without makeup,’ she<br />

says. ‘When people could look at the<br />

faces as long as they wanted to, all<br />

makeup looks increased competence<br />

and attractiveness once again.’ CBM<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 41

eauty<br />

to<br />

base<br />

back<br />

Choosing the<br />

right foundation<br />

can be a daunting<br />

beauty aCtivity.<br />

here are our tips to<br />

relieving your stress<br />

when searching<br />

for the perfect<br />

foundation fit.<br />

It’s the canvas of every beauty look<br />

and the go-to confidence booster<br />

when our skin has decided to go<br />

haywire: foundation. But, as with all<br />

other beauty products, there are a million<br />

and one different foundation options on<br />

the market and it can get just a wee bit<br />

confusing for a gal.<br />

Besides finding a foundation that<br />

matches your skin colour, you need to<br />

find one that is best for your skin type.<br />

Knowing your skin type and your desired<br />

level of coverage will be the key to<br />

finding your perfect match.<br />

Foundation comes in a variety of<br />

forms, with the four main types being<br />

liquid, cream, stick and powder. The<br />

right foundation can even out your skin<br />

tone, give you a healthy complexion and<br />

conceal flaws and pigmentation. With<br />

each type comes a different finish and<br />

level of coverage.<br />

The correct shade of foundation<br />

will mesh well with your skin and<br />

complement your complexion. If there’s<br />

an obvious un-blendable line between<br />

your foundation and your natural colour,<br />

you know you have chosen the wrong<br />

shade (#floatingwhiteface, anyone?).

www.cosbeauty.com.au 43

BEAUTY<br />

LIQUID<br />

One of the most popular types of foundation due to its ability to<br />

provide sheer coverage and an au natural look, a liquid foundation is<br />

easy to apply and fits like a ‘second skin’.<br />

The coverage has different levels and can vary from light to<br />

heavy. Liquid foundation is also usually suited for both dry skin and<br />

combination skin. If you have oily skin, look for the oil-free options.<br />

Liquid foundation can be applied with a sponge, brush or can even<br />

be dabbed on with your fingertips and worked in a circular motion.<br />

OUR<br />

PICK<br />

Lycogel Breathable<br />

Camouflage in Beige<br />

20ml, $108<br />

1.<br />

5.<br />

Bobbi Brown Skin Long-Wear Weightless<br />

Foundation SPF15, $70, Burberry Beauty<br />

Fresh Glow Luminous Fluid Foundation in<br />

34 Warm Nude, $86<br />

Cream<br />

A heavier base, cream is renowned for providing good coverage<br />

and is the number-one choice for makeup artists (it must be doing<br />

something right!). Due to its thick texture, which provides a creamy<br />

and flawless finish, it’s great to wear on a night out.<br />

There are many specialised versions on the market for different<br />

skin types, including oil-based and 24-hour long-wearing coverage.<br />

It works great on dry skin; however it’s best to avoid cream if you<br />

have oily skin – no one has time for high-shine!<br />

Cream foundation usually comes in a compact case and can be<br />

applied with a sponge.

Stick<br />

A duo gem, stick foundation can also be used as a<br />

concealer. The coverage tends to be heavier, making<br />

stick foundations perfect for covering up those niggling<br />

blemishes and imperfections! As well as wearing the hero<br />

cape for bad skin, the heavier coverage can also cover up<br />

scars, redness and dark under-eye circles. Bonus!<br />

Stick foundation is usually small and portable,<br />

meaning no risk of a messy purse. Because of the heavier<br />

consistency, stick foundations may not be suitable for<br />

everyday use if you’re prone to blemishes.<br />

This formula is best for normal to oily skin. However if<br />

you have dry skin, make sure to apply a bit of moisturiser<br />

first to avoid that ‘cakey’ look.<br />

OUR<br />

PICK<br />

Marc Jacobs<br />

Beauty accomplice<br />

Concealer &<br />

Touch-Up Stick, $44<br />

Nude by Nature Touch of Glow<br />

Highlight Stick, $24.95<br />

POWDER<br />

A great on-the-go foundation,<br />

powder truly is a touchup hero.<br />

Lightweight and non-clogging,<br />

powder applies evenly and<br />

blends easily to achieve a radiant,<br />

natural looking complexion.<br />

Mineral powder is becoming<br />

a very popular alternative and<br />

is a great bet for people with<br />

sensitive skin or allergies. Powder<br />

is suitable for those with oily skin;<br />

however be cautious not to apply<br />

it too frequently, to avoid drying<br />

out your skin.<br />

Powder comes in compact<br />

form (usually with a handy little<br />

mirror) and is best applied using<br />

a big ol’ fluffy brush.<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 45

BEAUTY<br />

Fenty Beauty<br />

Pro Filt’r Instant<br />

Retouch Primer<br />

15ml, $23,<br />

Bobbi Brown<br />

Vitamin Enriched<br />

Face Base, $85<br />

OUR<br />

PICK<br />

PRIME!<br />

Primer is one of the most powerful tools for filling in fine lines<br />

as well as smoothing out complexions to create a flawless face.<br />

We’re talking prime time! .<br />

Beauty Blender Opal<br />

Essence Serum<br />

Primer 30ml, $32<br />

Highlight<br />

Daytime makeup should look soft and natural, but as the light fades<br />

you want your face to glow in its place. Steal the limelight from the<br />

candles in restaurants and bars with an illuminating product. This can<br />

be a dusting of highlighting loose powder, an illuminiser stick or even<br />

an illuminating concealer. Applied to the brow bones under the brows,<br />

top of the cheekbones, bridge of the nose, inner corners of the eyes<br />

and on the lip contour for added fullness; it will both smooth and<br />

highlight. Don’t forget to blend, blend, blend.<br />

Zoeva Heritage Highlighter<br />

(Limited Edition), $26

BRONZE<br />

While a highlighted and natural radiance is the<br />

way to go for daytime, after the sun goes down<br />

it’s prime time to show some sun-kissed skin and<br />

get your glow on.<br />

To get that tanned radiant look, apply bronzer or<br />

shimmer powder on key areas — the brow bone,<br />

cheekbones, and décolletage. Remember to<br />

adjust your application to the darkness of your<br />

surroundings, but be careful not to overdo it!<br />

BECCA x Chrissy Teigen<br />

Endless Bronze & Glow<br />

(Limited Edition), $58<br />

OUR<br />

PICK<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 47

BEAUTY<br />


4.<br />

2.<br />

3.<br />

5.<br />

6.<br />


Sisley Phyto-<br />

Blanc Cushion<br />

Foundation, $150<br />

8.<br />

Marc Jacobs<br />

Under(cover)<br />

Blurring Coconut<br />

Face Primer<br />

30ml, $53<br />

7.<br />

9.<br />

10.<br />

1. asap pure skin perfecting mineral foundation 30ml, $65, 2. Sisley Instant Eclat 30ml, $105, 3. Ole Henriksen<br />

Banana Bright Primer, $48, 4. Bobbi Brown Highlighting Powder in Sunkissed Glow, $80, 5. Charlotte Tilbury<br />

Lightgasm Face Palette, $120, 6. Skinstitut Loose Mineral Powder, $59, 7. Iconic London Illuminator 13ml, $68,<br />

8. MAC Strobe Cream, $54, 9. La Mer The Hydrating Illuminator 40ml, $100, 10. Jane Iredale Sunbeam Bronzer<br />

& Compact, $130, 11. Clarins Skin Illusion SPF 15 in Cashew 30ml, $52, 12. Dior Diorskin Forever Skin Glow<br />

Foundation $89, 13. Marc Jacobs Dew Drops Coconut Gel Highlighter 24ml, $64, 14. MAC Studio Fix Fluid<br />

Foundation, $54, 15. Peter Thomas Roth Skin To Die For Mineral-Matte CC Cream 30ml, $59, 16. Skindinavia<br />

Makeup Primer Spray 118ml, $49.<br />

11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 49


for your skin<br />

Gaia Retreat & Spa has a global reputation<br />

as the world’s best luxury spa and wellness<br />

retreat. It was only natural it launched its own<br />

skincare. we chat to Retreatment Botanics brand<br />

developer Trudi Jaye about the luxe line.<br />

For most skincare brands, winning a swag of prestigious<br />

international awards six months after release is unheard<br />

of, but that is exactly what Retreatment Botanics, the<br />

new skincare range released by superstar Olivia Newton-John<br />

and her experts at Gaia Retreat & Spa in Byron Bay, has done.<br />

It recently won seven awards at The Beauty Shortlist<br />

Best Loved 2019 Mama and Baby Awards, including Best<br />

International Natural/Organic Brand. Not only that, since its<br />

release in February this year, the range of 10 natural, Certified<br />

Cruelty-Free and Vegan and Certified Palm Oil Free products<br />

has been warmly embraced by beauty media, influencers, and<br />

consumers alike.<br />

Little wonder, really. The look and feel of the beautiful<br />

recyclable packaging, the all-natural aromas, the feel of the<br />

products when they first touch the skin and the almostimmediate<br />

results make Retreatment Botanics a stand-out,<br />

Aussie-made skincare line-up.<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 51


Leading Olivia’s expert skincare<br />

team is General Manager and<br />

Brand Developer of Retreatment<br />

Botanics, Trudi Jaye, who<br />

worked alongside Olivia, the<br />

Gaia Directors, Gaia therapists<br />

and green skincare scientists to<br />

perfect the finished product.<br />

Here, we speak with her about<br />

the brand’s journey.<br />




We have these amazing treatments<br />

and incredibly skilled therapists at<br />

Gaia. When the Retreat fi rst opened,<br />

we would externally source skincare<br />

to use in our treatments. At times,<br />

the therapists would even source<br />

organic ingredients themselves, often<br />

from our own garden!<br />

As Gaia grew and became this<br />

amazing destination for health,<br />

wellness and natural beauty<br />

treatments, Olivia said, “you know,<br />

we have this extraordinary wealth of<br />

knowledge in our team, why don’t we<br />

create our own skincare, where we<br />

have control over the ingredients and<br />

the integrity of the products.”<br />

We wanted to create and use a<br />

skincare brand that refl ects Gaia and<br />

all we stand for. We believe we have<br />

achieved this.<br />

Retreatment Botanics is a way<br />

for people to take the rituals and<br />

experience of Gaia home with<br />

them, to continue their self-care and<br />

soul-care journey with the beautiful<br />

herbs and essentials oils, which<br />

evoke the feeling of Gaia, as well as<br />

being really effective. This was so<br />

important for us. Olivia is passionate<br />

that something really works as well as<br />

being lovely to use.<br />

Trudi Jaye












Absolutely! These were nonnegotiables.<br />

Olivia, myself and the<br />

entire team at Gaia believe that<br />

there is no need to harm an animal<br />

or Mother Earth to create effective<br />

skincare. We are really proud of these<br />

certifi cations and believe they are a<br />

truly unique aspect of our brand.<br />






It’s a super-advanced extraction<br />

method that captures the powerful<br />

phyto-compounds within the<br />

Australian plants we use as they<br />

exist in nature.<br />

To survive in the harshest places<br />

on earth, these Australian native<br />

plants intelligently store high<br />

concentrations of antioxidants<br />

and vitamins. This new Cellular<br />

Extraction allows for delivery of<br />

their molecular profi le to help target<br />

skincare concerns and deliver visible<br />

results from the very fi rst application.<br />






We wanted the entire experience<br />

of Retreatment Botanics to refl ect a<br />

Gaia treatment, including the aromas<br />

we use in the spa itself, natural scents<br />

of the beautiful land that Gaia sits<br />

on, and the trees, bushes and shrubs<br />

that grow from it.<br />

Each product has its own unique<br />

scent made from pure essential<br />

oils that evokes the experience of<br />

being at Gaia. For example, our<br />

Calm Essential Oil Blend – with<br />

sandalwood, ylang ylang, lemon<br />

myrtle, mandarin and lime, is the<br />

signature scent of Gaia Spa. Our<br />

therapists use it to guide you into<br />

deep relaxation at the beginning of<br />

every treatment.<br />

Wild Kakadu Hand and Body<br />

Cream is scented with rose,<br />

geranium, citrus, rosemary leaf and<br />

lavender to deliver an uplifting but<br />

calming hand and body massage at<br />

home. A third example is Radiance<br />

Cream Cleanser, which uses a<br />

refreshing blend of citrus oils with<br />

bergamot and rose. This is a beautiful<br />

way to begin and end the day –<br />

cleansing the skin as you inhale the<br />

exquisite blend!<br />

And of course, Olivia just loves<br />

the stunning yet delicate aromas<br />

in our serums – they smell so good,<br />

lifting the spirit as you apply them<br />

to your skin.<br />



It was important to Olivia, the Gaia<br />

Directors, me and the entire team<br />

that we create a pure performance<br />

range that delivers results from the<br />

very fi rst application. So, what you<br />

will see is softer, calmer and more<br />

radiant skin from your fi rst use.<br />

These results will only improve with<br />

continued use. The skin renews itself<br />

around every four weeks or so. After<br />

four to six weeks, you will notice<br />

really incredible results. CBM<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 53

Boost<br />

feature<br />

your<br />

mental<br />

health<br />

& well<br />


While the bulk of our wellness focus<br />

typically involves working out and<br />

losing weight, not enough importance is<br />

placed on improving our mental health.<br />

you have nothing if you don’t have your health.<br />

According to the World Health Organisation<br />

(WHO): ‘Mental health is an integral part to health;<br />

indeed, there is no health without mental health.’<br />

But when was the last time you thought of<br />

improving your mental health?<br />

Mental health refers to the state of our cognitive<br />

and/or emotional wellbeing – it’s all about how you<br />

think, feel and behave. Mental health not only<br />

enables you to cope with the stresses of everyday life<br />

but it can also mean an absence of a mental disorder.<br />

Your mental health can affect your daily life,<br />

relationships and even your physical health. A<br />

study from 2012 published in The BMJ found that<br />

individuals with poor mental health are at increased<br />

risk of death from cardiovascular disease and cancer.<br />

Other research has recently linked mental illness to a<br />

higher risk of heart disease and stroke.<br />

Boost your wellbeing and stay mentally healthy by<br />

following a few steps, so you can be prepared to take<br />

on any challenges life may throw at you.<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 55

feature<br />

Eat healthy<br />

A healthy, balanced diet is not only<br />

beneficial for physical health but it<br />

also has benefits for mental wellbeing.<br />

While it can stave off a range of illnesses<br />

including heart disease, diabetes and<br />

cancer, a healthy diet assists in providing<br />

a range of nutrients for your brain to stay<br />

healthy and function well.<br />

Following a Mediterranean-style diet,<br />

which incorporates high consumption of<br />

beans, nuts, cereals, seeds, plant-based<br />

foods and fruits has, in a 2012 study, been<br />

proven to be beneficial for mental wellbeing.<br />

The diet is also low in saturated<br />

fat and includes moderate consumption<br />

of fish, poultry and dairy and low<br />

consumption of meats and sugary foods.<br />

Furthermore, a 2013 study of<br />

almost 11,000 middle-aged women<br />

found that those who followed a<br />

Mediterranean diet not only lived<br />

longer than control participants, but<br />

they also exhibited better cognitive<br />

function and mental health.<br />

In September 2014 a UK study was<br />

published in The BMJ Open suggesting<br />

that eating five portions of fruits and<br />

vegetables a day is good for mental<br />

wellbeing. The research found that<br />

out of 14,000 adults, 35.5 percent of<br />

participants who ate five or more portions<br />

of fruits and vegetables a day had good<br />

mental wellbeing, compared with 6.8<br />

percent of participants who ate less than<br />

one portion a day.<br />

The study was led by Dr Saverio<br />

Stranges of the University of Warwick<br />

Medical School, who said, ‘These<br />

novel findings suggest that fruit and<br />

vegetable intake may play a potential<br />

role as a driver, not just of physical,<br />

but also of mental wellbeing in the<br />

general population.’<br />

There are a number of foods and<br />

drinks that have been associated with<br />

poor mental health. The high intake of<br />

alcohol has been linked to anxiety and<br />

depression, with mental health experts<br />

recommending limiting alcohol intake.<br />

Get more sleep<br />

A lack of sleep can affect<br />

metabolism, reducing the rate at<br />

which we burn kilojoules. Chronic<br />

sleep deprivation has been linked<br />

to increased rates of obesity and<br />

diabetes, according to research<br />

at the UK’s University of<br />

Warwick, which found that adults<br />

who get less than seven hours of<br />

sleep a night are twice as likely<br />

to become obese.<br />

A 2014 study by researchers from<br />

the George Institute on Global<br />

Health in Australia, found that<br />

people who have less than 5 hours<br />

sleep a night might be at higher<br />

risk of mental illness. According<br />

to a study at the University of<br />

Michigan in the US, depression<br />

rates are 40 times higher for<br />

patients with insomnia and an<br />

extra hour of sleep does more for<br />

our happiness than a pay rise.<br />

There are lots of things you<br />

can do to improve your chances<br />

of getting a good night’s sleep.<br />

Going to bed and waking up at the<br />

same time every day (even at the<br />

weekends and during the holidays)<br />

as a routine can boost the body’s<br />

sleep-wake cycle, promoting a<br />

better night’s sleep.<br />

Television, computers, tablets<br />

and phones all stimulate your<br />

brain, making it hard to relax, so<br />

it’s recommended to switch them<br />

off in advance. It’s also suggested to<br />

limit the intake of alcohol, caffeine<br />

and sugary foods in the evening.<br />

A warm bath before bed or<br />

reading a book may help you fall<br />

into a bedtime ritual, which will<br />

tell the body that it’s time to<br />

wind down.

Regular<br />

exercise<br />

Regular physical activity is an<br />

important key to help decrease<br />

depression and anxiety.<br />

The Australian Department of<br />

Health recommends 150 to 300<br />

minutes (2.5 to 5 hours) of moderate<br />

to intense physical activity or 75 to<br />

150 minutes (1¼ to 2½ hours) of<br />

vigorous intensity physical activity<br />

each week (for adults 18-64 years).<br />

However, exercise doesn’t mean<br />

you have to spend hours in the<br />

gym or engage in long sessions on<br />

the treadmill to reap the mental<br />

health benefits of exercise. Research<br />

has found that joining an outdoor<br />

walking group may not only improve<br />

your daily positive emotions<br />

but may also contribute a nonpharmacological<br />

approach to serious<br />

conditions such as depression.<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 57

feature<br />

Manage<br />

stress<br />

Stress seems to be an inevitable part<br />

of adulthood that most of us will<br />

experience at some point in our lives.<br />

It’s been proven that whether it’s<br />

through work, relationships or money<br />

problems, stress can make the brain<br />

more susceptible to mental illness.<br />

However, there are ways in which<br />

we can reduce or manage stress to<br />

promote a sense of mindfulness and<br />

relaxation. Yoga and meditation are<br />

known to have many stress-reducing<br />

benefits and have been found to<br />

reduce the risk of anxiety and<br />

depression in expectant mothers.<br />

Above all, retaining a positive<br />

outlook during difficult times may<br />

also reduce stress. It could be as<br />

simple as smiling. The journal of<br />

Psychological Science published<br />

a study in 2012, which found that<br />

smiling during stressful periods could<br />

lower the body’s stress response,<br />

regardless of whether a person is<br />

feeling happy or sad.<br />

Find a hobby<br />

While employment may cause stress, unemployment is linked with poor<br />

physical and mental health.<br />

Being employed brings more than a way of earning a living; it provides<br />

a sense of identity and belonging, as well as offering structure to your life<br />

as you strive to meet goals.<br />

According to the Mental Health Foundation, finding a hobby or<br />

taking up voluntary work may promote good mental health. Building<br />

relationships and having interaction with other people is rewarding and<br />

can significantly improve mental wellbeing.

spend time in<br />

nature<br />

It seems 120 minutes a week in<br />

nature is associated with benefits to<br />

our health and wellbeing, according<br />

to new research.<br />

The authors of this new study,<br />

published in Scientific Reports in 2019,<br />

said theirs is the first large-scale research<br />

to quantify how much time is needed to<br />

feel the effects. The study used survey<br />

data from more than 19,000 participants<br />

in the United Kingdom, who were<br />

quizzed about their contact with nature.<br />

‘This applies to old and young, males<br />

and females and the rich and the poor,’<br />

said lead researcher Dr White from the<br />

University of Exeter.<br />

Nature, as defined by the study, did<br />

not have to be pristine wilderness or<br />

spectacular national parks - beaches, city<br />

parks or farmland were all included as<br />

natural environments.<br />

So going for a surf or cycle might be<br />

a great way to pair outdoor time with<br />

getting active, but physical activity<br />

wasn’t necessary to feel the benefits of<br />

being in nature – just being out there<br />

was enough.<br />

Improving your mental health is a<br />

rewarding experience and changes can<br />

be made at any time. They help you<br />

handle life’s challenges and recover<br />

from setbacks, boosting your mood and<br />

building your resilience.<br />

It’s important to remember that<br />

seeking help is a sign of strength, not a<br />

weakness. Receiving appropriate care<br />

from a professional can help encourage<br />

us to do things we may not be able to do<br />

on our own. cbm<br />

Snapshot<br />

statistics<br />

behind<br />

mental<br />

health<br />

Each year around one in<br />

five Australians will experience<br />

a mental illness<br />

One in seven Australians<br />

will experience depression<br />

in their lifetime<br />

About 4% of people will<br />

experience a major depressive<br />

episode in a 12-month period,<br />

with 5% of women and 3% of<br />

men affected<br />

Approximately 14% of<br />

Australians will be affected<br />

by an anxiety disorder in any<br />

12-month period<br />

Women are more likely than<br />

men to seek help for anxiety<br />

disorders (18% compared with<br />

11%) and mood disorders<br />

(7.1% compared with 5.3%)<br />

*Mindframe and Blackdog<br />

statistics<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 59


When Harry<br />

met Sally<br />

No need to fake it. gynaecologist Dr Oseka Onuma<br />

talks orgasms and sexual health for women.<br />

I<br />

n the famous scene from ‘When Harry Met Sally’, at<br />

least half the female population could relate. This<br />

is the percentage of women who experience some<br />

sort of problem with their sex life and, while faking an<br />

orgasm may be more common than you think, lack of<br />

sexual gratification shouldn’t be hidden under the covers.<br />

It’s widely accepted these days for a woman to have<br />

anti-wrinkle injections to erase wrinkles, or surgery to<br />

refine her nose or enlarge her breasts. Likewise, more<br />

women than ever are concerned with the appearance of<br />

their genitals or lack of sexual gratification.<br />

Despite this, there continues to be a lot of negative<br />

talk in mainstream media about the rising popularity of<br />

the so-called ‘designer vagina’. Indeed, the vast majority<br />

of vaginal rejuvenation patients are motivated by painful<br />

intercourse, discomfort doing everyday activities and<br />

sexual dysfunction.<br />

‘Whilst there are significant advances taking place in<br />

the understanding and treatment of female pelvic floor<br />

and sexual dysfunction, discrimination of women, by<br />

both men and women, lay people and medical, remains<br />

a significant issue,’ says Adelaide gynaecologist and<br />

pelvic reconstructive surgeon Dr Oseka Onuma. ‘This<br />

continues to surprise me every working day when I<br />

listen to patients and medical colleagues, but I cannot<br />

understand why changes in attitude are so slow.’<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 61

wellness<br />

Did<br />

you<br />

know?<br />

Orgasms can relieve pain<br />

Up to 30% of women have trouble<br />

reaching orgasm<br />

Condom use doesn’t affect<br />

orgasm quality<br />

Orgasm gets better with age<br />

A woman’s sexual self-esteem<br />

can affect the quality of<br />

her orgasms<br />

There is such a thing as an<br />

orgasm ‘gap’ – women orgasm<br />

less than men<br />

In rare cases, orgasm can happen<br />

without genital stimulation<br />

For most women, it takes<br />

at least 20 minutes of sexual<br />

activity to climax<br />

Am I normal?<br />

If you’ve ever had trouble climaxing, you’re not alone.<br />

It’s been reported that a whopping 43% of women have<br />

some sort of problem with their sex lives. Female sexual<br />

dysfunction (anything that interferes with a woman’s<br />

sexual satisfaction) is so common that the very idea that<br />

it is a medical disorder has come under attack.<br />

Many women never have orgasms during intercourse<br />

and some also cannot have them through masturbation.<br />

‘Women, much more than men, are answerable to<br />

their hormonal, emotional and social circumstances in<br />

the achievement of orgasm. That means that for many<br />

women to achieve orgasm, their hormonal and emotional<br />

health must be optimal, their social circumstance allows<br />

them to be relaxed and there needs to be appropriate<br />

stimulation of the organ(s) that facilitate orgasm,’<br />

says Dr Onuma.<br />

‘Women can enhance their orgasms by making sure<br />

that they are healthy, physically fit, emotionally wellbalanced<br />

with a hormonal status that is in equilibrium.<br />

They also need the right social circumstances when<br />

attempting to achieve orgasm with or without a partner.’<br />

However, Dr Onuma says that some women will<br />

never be able to achieve orgasm even if all the parameters<br />

above appear to be ‘normal’ and optimised. There is no<br />

clear reason.<br />

‘Anorgasmia is the medical term used to describe this<br />

and it is defined as a psychiatric disorder. Unfortunately,<br />

there is no psychiatric treatment that appears to<br />

consistently benefit women in this group, although some<br />

women may respond to psychological counselling,’<br />

says Dr Onuma.<br />

‘It may be that these women simply represent a group<br />

of ‘normal’ women. Within this group, there will be some<br />

who obtain no pleasure at all through sexual activity and<br />

those who do achieve great pleasure without achieving<br />

orgasm. Should these women really be considered to be<br />

‘abnormal’? I think not.’<br />

Why can’t I orgasm?<br />

With the effects of childbirth and age, many women can<br />

suffer from problems with their genitalia that can make<br />

them feel very self-conscious and unhappy, often affecting<br />

relationships with sexual partners.<br />

The kinds of problems are as varied as the women<br />

who suffer from them. ‘Female sexual dysfunction is<br />

complex and can be a result of hormonal, psychological,<br />

psychiatric, physical, neurological, environmental and<br />

social causes,’ says Dr Onuma.<br />

‘Often, some of these causes co-exist. One factor<br />

can result in another; for example, painful intercourse<br />

(dyspareunia) may result in a fear of intercourse

The Australian Centre for Female<br />

Pelvic & Vaginal Rejuvenation<br />

Feature<br />

resulting in psychological sequelae. Hormonal changes<br />

of menopause can result in loss of libido or physical<br />

alterations that can result in difficult or painful<br />

intercourse,’ he says.<br />

Other causes can relate to scar tissue or tears at the<br />

entrance of the vagina, prolapse of the walls of the vagina,<br />

prolapse of the uterus, endometriosis or elongated labia<br />

minora tissues (which can cause irritation and discomfort).<br />

In addition, loose or weak vaginal muscles, mainly caused<br />

through the muscles stretching during childbirth, can<br />

cause problems for some women and their sexual partners<br />

during intercourse.<br />

Another problem may be female stress urinary<br />

incontinence, caused predominantly by an improperly<br />

functioning urethra.<br />

But for many women with sexual dysfunction, the issue<br />

is psychological, not physical. Although we all know<br />

there is no ‘perfect’ way for a vagina to look, being shy or<br />

embarrassed by your genital appearance can often result<br />

in the avoidance of intimacy or lack of orgasm. ‘Most<br />

commonly this is the woman’s own perception resulting<br />

from a perceived change or long-standing issue. Much less<br />

commonly, this results from adverse comments from an<br />

intimate partner,’ says Dr Onuma.<br />

What are the options?<br />

Because female sexual dysfunction has many possible<br />

symptoms and causes, treatment varies. It’s important for<br />

women to communicate their concerns and understand<br />

their body and its normal sexual response. Also, a woman’s<br />

goals for her sex life are important in determining<br />

treatment and evaluating progress.<br />

‘Surgery for female sexual dysfunction should only be<br />

contemplated when a physical cause for that dysfunction<br />

has been clearly identified,’ stresses Dr Onuma.<br />

There is a range of surgical and non-surgical options<br />

available that can address and hopefully resolve these<br />

problems. For example both surgical or laser reduction<br />

labioplasty can sculpt the elongated or unequal labial<br />

minora as desired. The vulvar structures (including<br />

the labia minora, labia majora, mons pubis, perineum,<br />

entrance to the vagina and hymen) can be surgically<br />

enhanced, both functionally and aesthetically.<br />

Non-surgical laser vaginal rejuvenation can effectively<br />

enhance vaginal muscle tone, strength and control. For<br />

example a non-surgical treatment can be used to treat<br />

prolapse and/or relaxation of the vaginal walls, which<br />

results in dyspareunia or reduced sensation.<br />

‘Female sexual dysfunction is complex and does not<br />

always imply abnormality. Affected women should seek<br />

help – women should never accept that it’s ‘just part of<br />

being a woman’,’ Dr Onuma concludes. CBM<br />





Gynaecologist and Pelvic<br />

Reconstructive Surgeon<br />

BSc. (Hons), MJur., CCST,<br />


4 Robe Terrace,<br />

Medindie SA 5081<br />

08 8344 6085<br />

reception@dronuma.com.au<br />

www.dronuma.com.au<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 63<br />



A<br />

whiter<br />

shade<br />

of pale<br />




It might surprise you that<br />

hyperpigmentation is perceived<br />

as the third most important skin<br />

problem after wrinkles and sagging. It<br />

is a common skin condition in which<br />

patches of skin are darker in colour<br />

than the surrounding skin tissue and<br />

can be very upsetting for those who<br />

suffer from it. It includes freckles,<br />

sun spots, melasma, and other spots<br />

caused mainly by sun exposure or skin<br />

ageing. These occur where there is an<br />

excess of melanin, the body’s pigment<br />

that produces natural skin colouring.<br />

It is such a widespread condition<br />

that today, depigmenting treatments<br />

represent over 20% of the total<br />

cosmetic market, with over 90%<br />

of caucasians experiencing skin<br />

blemishes at some stage.<br />

If you are considering having such<br />

a treatment, mesoestetic ® has 30<br />

years experience developing effective<br />

solutions to treat skin pigmentation<br />

and is recognised as a global leader<br />

in topical depigmentation. Its<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 65

Hyperpigmentation is perceived as<br />

the third most important skin problem<br />

after wrinkles and sagging.<br />

Skin<br />

pigmentation treatments, notably<br />

cosmelan ® and dermamelan ® ,<br />

are world-renowned for their<br />

effectiveness. However, it’s not only<br />

the quality of the treatment that’s<br />

important, it’s also the experience<br />

and expertise of the professional<br />

administering it.<br />

The mesoestetic ® Pharma Group<br />

recently held its third in a series<br />

of Specialised Depigmentation<br />

seminars in Australia as part of a<br />

global initiative. This worldwide<br />

program is for clinics seeking a<br />

cutting-edge advantage, by becoming<br />

a mesoestetic ® Certified Specialised<br />

Depigmentation Centre.<br />

What does that mean for you?<br />

Well, the comprehensive course,<br />

which was lectured by mesoestetic ®<br />

International Trainer, Sabine Wallez,<br />

resulted in a total of 51 Specialised<br />

Depigmentation Centres certified<br />

across Australia. Therefore you can<br />

be confident that the staff members<br />

at these clinics are trained to ensure<br />

you will attain the best possible<br />

results with your procedure and for<br />

your condition.<br />

The topics covered in the<br />

course included the importance<br />

of the diagnostic component in<br />

hyperpigmentation treatments such<br />

as melasma, PIH, solar and senile<br />

lentigos and ephelides, as well as antiageing<br />

solutions and the importance<br />

of sun protection.<br />

According to Catherine<br />

Biedermann, Managing Director<br />

of Advanced Cosmeceuticals, the<br />

course was an incredible opportunity<br />

for Australian skin professionals to<br />

learn first-hand about depigmentation<br />

from Sabine Wallez and to hone<br />

their specific skills for treating<br />

hyperpigmentation. CBM<br />

cosmelan: what is it?<br />

Cosmelan is a one-time, professional skin<br />

brightening treatment developed by mesoestetic ® to<br />

help reduce the appearance of pigmentation spots<br />

and even out skin tone in a matter of weeks with<br />

minimal side effects. The clinically proven results<br />

are truly impressive, achieving up to 95 per cent<br />

improvement in the majority of cases. Treatments<br />

with the cosmelan topical solution are tailored to<br />

each individual and the results are long lasting.<br />

What to expect<br />

The cosmelan treatment consists of two<br />

phases and it is imperative that you follow the<br />

directions given by the treating professional to<br />

achieve complete success.<br />

Phase 1 – in the clinic<br />

The cosmelan 1 Mask is applied in the clinic<br />

and left on the skin for a period of time which<br />

is determined by the medical professional<br />

according to your skin colour and type. This is<br />

usually around 8 hours.<br />

Phase 2 – at home maintenance<br />

The mask is removed at home with mesoestetic ®<br />

hydra milk cleanser and followed by an application<br />

of hydra-vital factor k cream. Cosmelan 2<br />

maintenance cream is applied at home according<br />

to the recommended protocol of the medical<br />

professional. The objective of this highly effective<br />

maintenance cream is to ensure the continued<br />

brightening of the complexion and fading of skin<br />

discolourations while restoring luminosity.<br />

After applying the cosmelan 2, follow daily with<br />

hydra-vital factor k and hydrating moisturiser<br />

with sun protection.<br />

Peeling of the treated skin begins in<br />

approximately 48-72 hours and lasts about<br />

three days; hydra-vital factor k is provided for<br />

multiple applications during the day and evening.<br />

Follow-up is in 7-10 days at which point a marked<br />

reduction in major discolouration will be evident.<br />

Pigment reduction continues with the at-home<br />

application of the cosmelan 2 product over the<br />

next six months.

WHERE<br />

TO GET IT<br />

For stockists, visit<br />

www.advancedcosmeceuticals.com.au<br />

or call 1800 242 011<br />

dermamelan<br />

Hyperpigmentation affects more than 80% of<br />

women over the age of 25 and dermamelan ® signifies<br />

an accessible, effective and minimally invasive<br />

solution provided by medical professionals only. The<br />

treatment combines in-clinc treatments and home<br />

care prodcuts to target the mechanisms responsible<br />

for skin pigmentation, thereby helping to lighten<br />

unsightly blemishes and spots. It has a dual corrective<br />

and controlling action, achieving short and long-term<br />

results by keeping hyperpigmentation under control.<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 67

skincare<br />

beauty<br />

When it comes<br />

to beauty,<br />

routine is key to<br />

having glowing<br />

healthy skin.<br />

The essentials for a simplified<br />

yet effective skincare routine<br />

include a gentle cleanser to<br />

prep skin for penetration of<br />

active ingredients, a good<br />

exfoliator to buff away dead<br />

skin cells and an SPF moisturiser<br />

to protect your skin from those<br />

harsh UV rays.<br />

Understanding skincare<br />

products and how to use them<br />

is the first step in implementing<br />

an effective skincare regimen.<br />

With the myriad of products<br />

on the market, it’s helpful to<br />

get the basics right first, and<br />

then venture to more targeted<br />

skincare solutions.

essentials<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 69

BEAUTY<br />

cleanse<br />

Cleansers are an essential part of a<br />

basic skincare routine. They wash off<br />

makeup, dirt and oil and leave the<br />

skin feeling clean, smooth and oil<br />

free. Your skin should be cleansed<br />

preferably twice a day – in the<br />

morning and in the evening. There<br />

are cleansers for every skin type:<br />

if you’re prone to blocked pores,<br />

use gel formulations; for delicate<br />

skin, use milky products. Both gels<br />

and milky products usually can be<br />

washed off. For dry skin, use cream<br />

products, which generally are wiped<br />

off. If using a cream cleanser, you<br />

probably will need to use a toner<br />

afterwards.<br />

1.<br />

2.<br />

3.<br />

4.<br />

5.<br />

1. Ella Baché Botanical Cleansing<br />

Oil 200ml, $69, 2. Neutrogena<br />

Deep Clean Cleansing Oil Normal<br />

and Hydrating, $18.99, 3. Synergie<br />

BioCleanse, $72, 4. Skinstitut<br />

Gentle Cleanser, $49, 5. Alpha-H<br />

Clear Skin Daily Face and Body<br />

Wash 185ml, $45, 6. The Ordinary<br />

Squalane Cleanser, $13.90.<br />


exfoliate<br />

Exfoliation removes the dead<br />

surface cells which contribute both<br />

to dryness and oiliness and can<br />

cause blocked pores and problems<br />

like acne. Exfoliation also stimulates<br />

the circulation.<br />

Scrubs treat the surface of the<br />

skin and help unclog pores, while<br />

exfoliants remove surface cell debris<br />

and leave skin fresher and looking<br />

brighter. Common types contain<br />

alpha hydroxy acids and glycolic<br />

acids, found in plant extracts.<br />

It is essential to exfoliate regularly<br />

at home, but nothing beats a<br />

professional treatment which will<br />

leave your skin glowing and fresh -<br />

well worth the expense.<br />

7. endota spa organics Atmica<br />

& Menthol Recovery Scrub 250g,<br />

$40, 8. endota spa organics Daily<br />

Renewal Exfoliant 90ml, $45, 9. PCA<br />

Skin ® Daily Exfoliant, $79.20, 10.<br />

Synergie Mediscrub, $79.<br />

8.<br />

7.<br />

9.<br />

10.<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 71

moisturise<br />

BEAUTY<br />

Moisturise morning and night to help retain your skin’s<br />

natural moisture and to provide a physical barrier<br />

against environmental pollutants.<br />

While you can use a single product, it is advisable<br />

to use a richer moisturiser at night as the skin<br />

absorbs products more effectively while you sleep,<br />

undisturbed by environmental factors such as the sun<br />

and wind. During the day, it is recommended to use a<br />

moisturiser with a sun protection factor.<br />

Which type of moisturiser suits you is personal – it’s<br />

worth getting samples to try them out. Your clinician<br />

can help you establish if you have dry, normal,<br />

combination or oily skin. If skin is dry, you want<br />

humectants and ingredients such as plumping lipids.<br />

For sensitive skin, look for anti-inflammatories.<br />

For combination or oily skin, you also want antiinflammatories<br />

as well as ingredients that prevent<br />

oil slicks from breaking out. There are also firming<br />

moisturisers to help with sagging tissues.<br />

Formulations vary from emulsions (water-based and<br />

better for oily skin) to dense creams (oil-based, better<br />

for dry skin).<br />

Make sure to protect your skin all year round and<br />

opt for moisturisers that include SPF.<br />

1.<br />

3.<br />

2.<br />

1. Sisley Ecological Compound 125ml, $295, 2.<br />

Medik8 Advanced Day Total 50ml, $119, 3. Aspect Sun<br />

Hydrating Face SPF50+ 75ml, $59, 4. Skeyndor Power<br />

Retinol Intensive Repairing Retinol Cream, 50ml, $98, 5.<br />

Dermalogica Redness Relief Essence 150ml, $64, 6. La<br />

Roche-Posay Toleriane Ultra 40ml, $41.95,<br />

7. Olehenriksen Phat Glow Facial, $68, 8. Jergens<br />

NEW Oil Infused Skin Firming Moisturiser 496ml, $11.99,<br />

9. Mavala Anti Age Pro Day Serum for Face and Eyes<br />

30ml, $64.95, 10. Bioderma Sebium Mat Control | 30mL,<br />

$30.99, 11. CeraVe Moisturising Cream 170g, $12.99,<br />

12. Bangn Body Firming Body Lotion, 150ml, $48,<br />

13. Medik8 Nourishing Body Cream 250ml, $66, 14.<br />

Retreatment Botanics Ultra Rich Moisturiser 100ml, $89,<br />

15. Medik8 r-Retinoate ® Youth Activating Cream 50ml,<br />

$298, 16. Arbonne RE9 Advanced Prepwork Overnight<br />

Face Jelly, RRP $59, 17. Babor Ampoule Concentrates,<br />

Glow Addict: 4 x Hydra Plus, 3 x Perfect Glow, $57, 18.<br />

Vida Glow Cosmetics Emollient Moisturiser, $64.95, 19.<br />

Clinique Take the Day Off Cleansing Balm 125ml, $56,<br />

20. Guinot Lift Summum Cream 50ml, $223, 21. Jurlique<br />

Moisture Plus Rare Rose Cream 50mL, $59, 22. Ella Baché<br />

Spirulines Firming Day Cream 50ml, $125, 23. Ella Baché<br />

Spirulines Firming Night Cream 50ml, $125, 24. Peter<br />

Thomas Roth Potent-C Bright & Plump Moisturizer $106.<br />

4. 5.<br />

6. 7.<br />

8. 9.<br />

10. 11.

13.<br />

12.<br />

14.<br />

15.<br />

20.<br />

19.<br />

23.<br />

17.<br />

21.<br />

18.<br />

22.<br />

24.<br />

16.<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 73

BEAUTY<br />

masks<br />

Using a facial mask can soothe and nourish skin,<br />

oxygenate, improve the circulation, help clear up<br />

blemishes and even reduce the appearance of fine<br />

lines and wrinkles. Tightening masks help firm and tone<br />

sagging skin, and moisturising masks add moisture to<br />

dehydrated skin. For oily or acne-prone skin, a purifying<br />

mask can deep-cleanse skin and absorb excess oil. The<br />

benefits of masks are often underestimated but they can<br />

give the complexion a real boost. Generally, they should<br />

be used weekly after exfoliating.<br />

Alpha-H Clear Skin Blemish Control Mask 100ml, $39.95,<br />

Antipodes Aura Manuka Honey Mask 75ml, $54, La<br />

Roche-Posay Effaclar Sebo-controlling mask 100ml,<br />

$27.95, Sisley Black Rose Cream Mask 60ml, $180,<br />

Société Eye Peptide Gel Mask 10 pairs per box 12g each,<br />

$165, DNA Restoring Mask 60ml, $89, Naturally Serious<br />

Maskimum Revival Hydra-Plumping Mask 100ml, $42,<br />

Peter Thomas Roth 24k Gold Mask 150ml, $124,<br />

Vida Glow Cosmetics Antioxidant Rich Hydration Mask,<br />

$64.95, Image Skincare Mask Purifying Masque, $89.95.<br />

1. 2. 3.<br />

4.<br />


8. 9.<br />

10.<br />

6. 7.<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 75

3.<br />

BEAUTY<br />

4.<br />

1.<br />

2.<br />

serums<br />

Serums are lightweight moisturisers<br />

that penetrate deep into the skin to<br />

deliver a concentrated dose of antiageing<br />

goodness. Depending on the<br />

product being used, serums can be<br />

applied in the morning, at night or<br />

both. They are typically worn beneath<br />

cream moisturisers. Because serums are<br />

designed to be highly concentrated, a<br />

little goes a long way.<br />

Traditional serums are water-based, but<br />

many now come in oil form. Anti-ageing<br />

serums deal primarily with fine lines,<br />

wrinkles and dehydration, but also tone,<br />

texture and dark spots. The ingredients<br />

to look out for in a serum are similar to<br />

those of day and night creams (vitamin<br />

C, retinol and hyaluronic acid to name a<br />

few); but, as with any skincare product,<br />

choose those which best align with your<br />

individual needs.<br />

6.<br />

1. mesoestetic aox ferulic 30ml,<br />

$199, 2. mesoestetic stemCell<br />

Nanofiller Lip Contour 15ml, $121.40,<br />

3. mesoestetic collagen 360 essence<br />

30ml, $129, 4. asap radiance serum<br />

30ml, $89, asap super A+ serum<br />

30ml, $89, asap super B Complex<br />

30ml, $95, asap super C serum 30ml,<br />

$89, 5. Prevage Progressive Renewal<br />

Treatment including Polyhydroxy<br />

Acid (PHA), Alpha Hydroxy Acid<br />

(AHA), Idebenone, and a pH Buffer,<br />

$205, 6. Dermalogica AGE Bright<br />

Clearing Serum 30ml, $98, 7. Alpha-H<br />

Hyaluronic 8 with Primalhyal Ultrafiller<br />

25ml, $69.95, 8. Priori Q+SOD fx220<br />

Brightening Serum 30ml, $165, 9.<br />

SALT By Hendrix Mermaid Facial Oil<br />

30ml, $39.95, 10. Maaemo Vitalize<br />

Face Elixir, $59.95,11. Vida Glow<br />

Cosmetics Active Vitamin C Serum,<br />

$69.95, 12. Cosmedix ® Clarity Skinclarifying<br />

Serum, $76.50.<br />

7.<br />

5.<br />

8.<br />

9.<br />

10.<br />

10.<br />


OTHER<br />

hydraters<br />

18. Ella Baché Daily<br />

Hydration Mist 100ml,<br />

$130, 19.endotaspa<br />

organics Hydrate Me Mist,<br />

120ml, $30, 20. Jurlique<br />

Sweet Violet & Grapefruit<br />

Hydrating Mist, 50ml, $37<br />

18.<br />

19.<br />

20.<br />

Bite Beauty<br />

Agave+ Nighttime<br />

Lip Therapy, $30<br />

14.<br />

Dermalogica AGE<br />

Bright Spot Fader,<br />

15ml, $68<br />

16.<br />

17.<br />

13. Peter Thomas Roth 24K Gold Pure<br />

Luxury Lift & Firm Hydra-Gel Eye Patches,<br />

$98, 14. Medik8 r-Retinoate ® Eye Serum<br />

Day & Night 15ml, $198, 15. Biologi<br />

Rejuvenation Eye Serum, $79.95, 16.<br />

Alpha-H Liquid Gold Firming Eye Cream,<br />

$99, 17 Retreatment Botanics Firming<br />

Eye Contour Cream 15ml, $65.<br />

13.<br />

15.<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 77

eauty<br />

78 www.cosbeauty.com.au

nail it<br />

With so many nail<br />

trend options to<br />

try, there’s one<br />

to suit everybody.<br />

Whether you prefer<br />

the understated<br />

look or the<br />

stop-the-traffic<br />

look, short and<br />

neat or almond<br />

shape, metallic<br />

or embellished,<br />

the choices are<br />

endless. Here<br />

are some of our<br />

fave 2019 fashion<br />

forward nail trend<br />

statement picks!<br />

Grey Is the<br />

New Black<br />

Perfect for every occasion. Grey<br />

can be calming and subtle or it<br />

can be exhilarating and edgy.<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 79

eauty<br />

seeing red<br />

Exude confidence<br />

and style with this bold<br />

and slick classic.<br />

Nail the<br />

neutrals<br />

Works whether off to work<br />

or out to play! Add some<br />

glitter and stripes for a little<br />

bit of oomph!

shape up<br />

Anything goes! Short and natural,<br />

oval, stilletto or square. Almond<br />

shaped nails are big right now –<br />

for a ‘point’ of difference!<br />

Pretty<br />

in Pink<br />

Always a fave<br />

Top tips for<br />

strong nails<br />

Never seesaw with a file on the<br />

natural nail. This will encourage<br />

splitting and chipping of the nail<br />

plate, upsetting the nail-plate layers.<br />

It’s also important to file your nails<br />

when they are dry, not after you have<br />

just had a shower or washed your<br />

hands.<br />

Try not to use nail polish remover<br />

too often.<br />

Get<br />

creative<br />

Gems & metallic<br />

pattern to glam up, or<br />

matt and wax look for<br />

a touch of elegance.<br />

We love<br />

the new<br />

french<br />

manicure.<br />

Dark polishes can discolour nails,<br />

so you should always wear a base<br />

coat under them and never leave the<br />

colour on for more than a week.<br />

Avoid household cleaners and<br />

put gloves on when dealing with<br />

harsh chemicals.<br />

Hand lotion is your friend! Keep<br />

hands and cuticles moisturised to<br />

restore damaged nails and increase<br />

blood circulation.<br />

In rare cases, brittle nails can<br />

be caused by protein or vitamin<br />

deficiencies. Hair, skin and nail<br />

vitamins are good for strengthening<br />

brittle nails and reducing breaking<br />

or splitting.<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 81

our picks<br />

BEAUTY<br />

1. Dior Rouge Dior VernisRouge Dior<br />

Vernis, Tra la la, $41, 2. Mavala Mini<br />

Nail Polish in 97 Wichita, $8.50, 3. Tom<br />

Ford Nail Lacquer, Scarlet Chinois,<br />

$52, 4. Givenchy Le Vernis Nail Polish<br />

No5, $37, 5. Giorgio Armani Nail<br />

Lacquer, 105 Taupe Greige, $40, 6.<br />

Sephora Collection Color Hit Nail<br />

Polish in L192 Winter Spirit and L62<br />

Full Moon Party, $7 each, 7. Dior<br />

Diorific Top Coat Midnight Wish -<br />

Limited Edition $43, 8. Smith & Cult<br />

Nailed Lacquer Nail Polish in Glass<br />

Souls, $32, 9. Nails Inc. Nail Lacquer<br />

- Leather Effects, $11, 10. Opi Infinite<br />

Shine Grease Collection, $12.86, 11.<br />

Bobbi Brown Nail Polish KhakiNail<br />

Polish Khaki, $25.<br />

Rihanna<br />

Dua Lipa<br />

1.<br />

2.<br />

3.<br />


5.<br />

Cardi B<br />

6. 7.<br />

Jennifer Lopez<br />

8.<br />

11.<br />

Rita Ora<br />

9.<br />

10.<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 83

Intermittent<br />

feature<br />

Benefits<br />

& Risks<br />

fasting is becoming<br />

an accepted means<br />

of weight loss by<br />

both the scientific<br />

community and the<br />

general public.<br />

In recent years, various intermittent<br />

fasting plans have become popular<br />

with people seeking to lose weight or<br />

improve their health.<br />

The most popular regimens generally<br />

involve very low or no calorie intake<br />

on certain days per week, then eating<br />

normally on non-fasting days.

Fasting<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 85

feature<br />

Alternate Day<br />

Fasting<br />

Professor Krista Varady created the<br />

Every-Other-Day Diet, based on<br />

her groundbreaking research into<br />

‘alternate-day modified fasting’ at<br />

the University of Illinois in Chicago.<br />

Proponents describe it as ‘the diet<br />

that lets you eat all you want (half<br />

the time) and keep the weight off!’<br />

The plan involves alternate<br />

‘fast’ and ‘feast’ days. Fasting days<br />

consist of a single 500 calorie meal<br />

at lunchtime. But then there is no<br />

restriction on what, when or how<br />

much is eaten on feasting days.<br />

The two key attractions are:<br />

• The promise that ‘you’ll lose<br />

weight and improve your health<br />

– while eating anything you want<br />

and all you want, every other day’;<br />

• Where most diets include a<br />

daunting set of rules to be obeyed<br />

– what you can eat and can’t eat,<br />

how much you can and can’t eat,<br />

when you can and can’t eat – here<br />

there is only one rule: eat no more<br />

than 500 calories on Diet Day,<br />

eat anything you want and as<br />

much as you want on Feast Day.<br />

That’s it. No counting calories,<br />

carbs, fat or protein. No avoiding<br />

any particular food; all foods<br />

are allowed. No complex meal<br />

preparations and plans.<br />

Two Days Per<br />

Week Fasting<br />

Developed by popular UK TV<br />

medico Dr Michael Mosley, the Fast<br />

Diet involves fasting for two days<br />

per week. People maintain their<br />

usual eating routines for the other<br />

five days. Dr Mosley sums up: ‘If we<br />

were to distil the Fast Diet into a<br />

single soundbite, it would all come<br />

down to 5:2. That’s five days of<br />

normal eating, with little thought<br />

to calorie control and a slice of pie<br />

for pudding if that’s what you<br />

want. Then, on the other two days,<br />

you reduce your calorie intake to<br />

500 calories for women and 600<br />

calories for men.’<br />

Proponents claim that since you<br />

are only fasting for two days of your<br />

choice each week – and eating<br />

normally on the other five days –<br />

there is always something new and<br />

tasty on the horizon. In short, it’s<br />

easy to comply with a regime that<br />

only asks you to restrict your calorie<br />

intake occasionally. It ‘recalibrates<br />

the diet equation, and stacks the<br />

odds in your favour’.<br />

Importantly, the plan is designed<br />

as a ‘well-signposted path towards a<br />

longer, healthier life’; weight<br />

loss is ‘simply a happy adjunct to<br />

all of that’.<br />

Hence, according to Dr Mosley,<br />

this eating plan can not only help<br />

people lose weight, but offers an<br />

array of other health benefits:<br />

‘Studies of intermittent fasting<br />

show that not only do people see<br />

improvements in blood pressure and<br />

their cholesterol levels, but also in<br />

their insulin sensitivity.’<br />

And how did he come up with<br />

the recommendation that women<br />

have 500 calories and men have<br />

600 calories on a Fast Day?<br />

Dr Mosley explains: ‘We used<br />

the rule of thumb that women need<br />

2,000 calories and men need 2,400<br />

calories per day and on a Fast Day<br />

you should eat a quarter of a normal<br />

day’s recommended calories.’

FAQs<br />

Medical News Today assessed the<br />

most common FAQs for beginners<br />

to fasting routines.<br />

Can I still exercise?<br />

In an interview with US magazine The<br />

Atlantic, Professor Krista Varady (creator<br />

of the Every-Other-Day Diet) noted<br />

that for people beginning her regimen,<br />

after the first 10 days ‘their activity<br />

levels were similar to people following a<br />

traditional diet or an unrestricted eating<br />

plan’. It may also be most beneficial<br />

for exercise sessions to end one hour<br />

before mealtime.<br />

Daily Intermittent<br />

Fasting<br />

Daily intermittent fasting limits<br />

eating to a certain number of hours<br />

each day. The 16:8 Diet is an<br />

increasingly popular method, which<br />

involves fasting for 16 hours per<br />

day, leaving an eight-hour window<br />

for eating.<br />

There are various forms of<br />

this plan, with the most popular<br />

advocating that the ‘fasting’ phase<br />

should last through the night and<br />

during the morning hours. Ideally the<br />

‘fast’ should then be broken around<br />

midday, with the last food for the<br />

evening being consumed around<br />

7pm or 8pm.<br />

Alternately for those with a<br />

personal preference for later daily<br />

routines, the food window may be<br />

between 2pm and 10pm.<br />

Periodic Fasting<br />

Medical News Today has reported<br />

on a study suggesting periodic fasting<br />

– defined as ‘one day of water-only<br />

fasting a week’ – may reduce the risk<br />

of diabetes among people at high risk<br />

for the condition.<br />

Another study, conducted by Dr<br />

Valter Longo at the University of<br />

Southern California found longer<br />

periods of fasting (two to four days)<br />

may even ‘reboot’ the immune<br />

system, clearing out old immune<br />

cells and regenerating new ones – a<br />

process they say could protect against<br />

cell damage caused by factors such as<br />

ageing and chemotherapy.<br />

Won’t I eat too much on feast days?<br />

According to Professor Varady, people<br />

do eat more than their estimated<br />

calorie needs on ‘feast’ days. However<br />

they do not eat enough to make up<br />

the deficit from fast days. And other UK<br />

researchers (at University Hospital in<br />

Manchester) have reported that people<br />

unintentionally eat less on non-fasting<br />

days as well.<br />

Will I be hungry on fasting days?<br />

Professor Varady reports that the first<br />

10 days on the Every-Other-Day Diet<br />

are the most challenging. Calorie-free<br />

beverages, such as unsweetened tea,<br />

may help offset hunger.<br />

Do I still fast once I’m ready<br />

to maintain my weight?<br />

Some plans, such as the Every-Other-<br />

Day Diet, also include a weight<br />

maintenance phase, which involves<br />

increasing the number of calories<br />

consumed on fasting days from 500<br />

to 1,000. Other plans recommend<br />

decreasing the number of fasting days<br />

each week.<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 87

feature<br />

Potential health<br />

Benefits<br />

A comprehensive survey by US<br />

newsletter Medical News Today<br />

found advocates of intermittent<br />

fasting ‘say the following benefits can<br />

be achieved’:<br />

Weight loss<br />

Since the body is unable to draw<br />

its energy from food during fasting,<br />

it dips into glucose that is stored in<br />

the liver and muscles. This begins<br />

around eight hours after the last<br />

meal is consumed. When the stored<br />

glucose has been used up, the body<br />

then begins to burn fat as a source<br />

of energy, which can result in<br />

weight loss.<br />

Reduce cholesterol<br />

As well as aiding weight loss, Dr<br />

Razeen Mahroof at the University of<br />

Oxford in the UK explains the use<br />

of fat for energy can help preserve<br />

muscle and reduce cholesterol levels.<br />

Regenerate<br />

immune cells<br />

The study by Dr Longo noted above<br />

suggests prolonged fasting may<br />

also be effective for regenerating<br />

immune cells.<br />

‘When you starve, the system tries<br />

to save energy, and one of the things<br />

it can do to save energy is to recycle<br />

a lot of the immune cells that are not<br />

needed, especially those that may be<br />

damaged,’ he explains.<br />

In the study, published in the<br />

journal Stem Cell, his team found<br />

repeated cycles of two-to-four days<br />

without food over a six month period<br />

destroyed the old and damaged<br />

immune cells in mice and generated<br />

new ones.<br />

What is more, the team found<br />

cancer patients who fasted for three<br />

days prior to chemotherapy were<br />

protected against immune system<br />

damage that can be caused by the<br />

treatment, which they attribute to<br />

immune cell regeneration.<br />

‘The good news is that the body<br />

got rid of the parts of the system<br />

that might be damaged or old, the<br />

inefficient parts, during the fasting,’<br />

says Dr Longo. ‘Now, if you start<br />

with a system heavily damaged by<br />

chemotherapy or ageing, fasting<br />

cycles can generate, literally, a new<br />

immune system.’<br />

Longevity<br />

Some researchers report years of<br />

animal studies have shown a link<br />

between restriction of calories,<br />

fewer diseases and longer life.<br />

Scientists have studied the<br />

mechanisms behind those benefits<br />

and their translation to humans.<br />

Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-<br />

1) is a hormone linked to certain<br />

diseases that affect lifespan, such as<br />

cancer and type 2 diabetes. Some<br />

experts report eating increases IGF-1<br />

production. Fasting may be a way to<br />

decrease IGF-1 levels, which could<br />

potentially lower the risk of chronic<br />

diseases and extend lifespan.<br />

Cancer<br />

Studies have reported that restricting<br />

calories decreases IGF-1 levels, which<br />

results in slower tumour development.<br />

A very small study in people with<br />

cancer found that fasting reduced<br />

some of the side effects of<br />

chemotherapy, including fatigue,<br />

nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea.<br />

Due to potential negative effects,<br />

long-term calorie restriction is not<br />

recommended for people with cancer.<br />

Short-term calorie restriction, such<br />

as intermittent fasting, may be an<br />

option for this group of people.<br />

Neurological<br />

diseases<br />

Intermittent fasting may also impact<br />

cognition. In a study of mice with<br />

genes for Alzheimer’s disease,<br />

intermittent fasting improved<br />

performance on measures of cognitive<br />

decline associated with ageing.<br />

Blood sugar<br />

Some studies have shown that<br />

intermittent fasting improves insulin<br />

sensitivity more than traditional<br />

diets, but others have not found the<br />

same advantage. Researchers have<br />

also reported intermittent fasting and<br />

traditional diets lead to comparable<br />

decreases in haemoglobin A1c.<br />

Potential health<br />

Risks<br />

According to the UK’s National<br />

Health Service, there are numerous<br />

health risks associated with<br />

intermittent fasting.<br />

People who fast commonly<br />

experience dehydration, largely<br />

because their body is not getting any<br />

fluid from food. If you are used to<br />

having breakfast, lunch, dinner<br />

and snacks in between, fasting periods<br />

can be a major challenge. As such,<br />

fasting can increase stress levels and<br />

disrupt sleep. Dehydration, hunger or<br />

lack of sleep during a fasting period<br />

can also lead to headaches.<br />

Fasting can also cause heartburn;<br />

lack of food leads to a reduction in

Fasting ‘easier than<br />

traditional dieting’<br />

stomach acid, which digests food and<br />

destroys bacteria. But smelling food or<br />

even thinking about it during fasting<br />

periods can trigger the brain into<br />

telling the stomach to produce more<br />

acid, leading to heartburn.<br />

According to 5:2 Diet advocate<br />

Dr Michael Mosley, intermittent<br />

fasting is not recommended for people<br />

with the following conditions:<br />

• Being underweight<br />

• Eating disorders<br />

• Type 1 diabetes<br />

• Type 2 diabetes that is controlled<br />

by medication<br />

• Pregnancy (or women<br />

breastfeeding)<br />

• Recent surgery<br />

• Mental heath conditions<br />

• Fever or illness<br />

• Conditions where Warfarin<br />

is prescribed<br />

Negative feelings and behaviours<br />

reported by Dr John Berardi in his<br />

book Experiments with Intermittent<br />

Fasting include:<br />

• Changes in mood<br />

• Extreme hunger<br />

• Low energy<br />

• Obsessive thoughts about food<br />

• Binge eating behaviour<br />

And Medical News Today<br />

noted people interested in trying<br />

intermittent fasting ‘should consider<br />

whether or not it will work with their<br />

lifestyle. Fasting stresses the body, so<br />

it may not be beneficial for people<br />

already dealing with significant<br />

stressors’. CBM<br />

US nutritionist Dr John Berardi<br />

tried six different intermittent<br />

fasting plans over six months<br />

and published his results in<br />

the book Experiments with<br />

Intermittent Fasting.<br />

Over those six months he:<br />

• Dropped 20 pounds of weight<br />

(from 190 pounds to 170 pounds);<br />

• Reduced his body fat from 10<br />

per cent to four per cent (while<br />

maintaining most of his lean<br />

muscle mass).<br />

Importantly, he noted:<br />

‘I accomplished the goals<br />

I set for myself in a way that was<br />

easier and less time consuming than<br />

“traditional” dieting.’<br />

Berardi summed up his four<br />

key findings:<br />

1. Trial fasting is a great way to<br />

practice managing hunger. ‘This<br />

is an essential skill for anyone who<br />

wants to get in shape and stay<br />

healthy and fit.’<br />

2. More regular fasting isn’t<br />

objectively better for losing body<br />

fat. ‘While my IF experiments<br />

worked quite well, the<br />

intermittent fasting approach<br />

(bigger meals, less frequently)<br />

didn’t produce better fat loss<br />

than a more conventional diet<br />

approach (smaller meals, more<br />

frequently) might have.’<br />

3. More regular fasting did make it<br />

easier to maintain a lower body<br />

fat percentage. ‘Intermittent<br />

fasting isn’t easy. However, I did<br />

find that using this approach<br />

made it easier for me to maintain<br />

a low body weight and a very<br />

low body fat percentage vs more<br />

conventional diets.’<br />

4. Intermittent fasting can work, but<br />

it’s not for everyone, nor does<br />

it need to be. ‘In the end, IF is<br />

just one approach, among many<br />

effective ones, for improving<br />

health, performance, and body<br />

composition.’<br />

Berardi says his results found<br />

that ‘intermittent fasting can<br />

be helpful for in-shape people<br />

who want to really get lean<br />

without following conventional<br />

bodybuilding diets, or for<br />

anyone who needs to learn the<br />

difference between body hunger<br />

and mental hunger.’<br />

However he also explains that<br />

successful nutrition plans,<br />

‘whether they use smaller, more<br />

frequent meals or larger, less<br />

frequent meals all share a few<br />

commonalities’.<br />

These include:<br />

• Controlling calories. When<br />

calories are controlled, progress is<br />

made. ‘Whether you control them<br />

by eating frequent small meals or<br />

infrequent larger meals is<br />

up to you.’<br />

• Focusing on food quality. Fresh,<br />

unprocessed, nutrient-dense food<br />

is a must, regardless of which<br />

eating style you adopt.<br />

• Regular exercise. Exercise is a<br />

critical part of the equation.<br />

Berardi concludes: ‘Once those<br />

three have been taken care of, it’s a<br />

matter of personal preference and<br />

lifestyle considerations.’<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 89

Bad<br />

feature<br />

hair<br />

day<br />


Everyone has a<br />

bad hair day, so<br />

here are our tips<br />

for some serious<br />

hair pampering<br />

to get your mane<br />

back on track.<br />

From salon-only brands to<br />

organic, sulphate-free, siliconefree,<br />

oil-free, there are hundreds<br />

of haircare products out there.<br />

Everyone’s hair is different, whether<br />

it’s frizz city or thin lizzy – we’re all<br />

just trying to snaffle a good hair day!<br />

Rest assured, we have done all<br />

the hard work to bring you the best<br />

options to suit your hair type, so<br />

you can get your mane looking and<br />

smelling ah-mazing.<br />

Thankfully, hair responds well to<br />

a little TLC and it’s not too late to<br />

restore your crowning glory to its best<br />

condition. So, let’s begin!<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 91

SHAMPOO &<br />


Often some shampoos can be too heavy<br />

for certain types of hair, and contain<br />

ingredients designed to nourish dry<br />

hair, tame curls or get rid of frizz. Oils<br />

are often to blame, but silicones can<br />

sometimes also be a culprit in weighing<br />

your hair down.<br />

It’s good to switch up your hair routine<br />

every once in a while – don’t be afraid<br />

to do a little cross training for hair (even<br />

if you revert back to your old favourite).<br />

So sud up and reap the benefi ts of more<br />

volume, hydration and strength with the<br />

hottest shampoos around town.<br />

The other half of the dynamic duo<br />

is here to ensure you get soft, shiny,<br />

manageable hair. Whether your hair is<br />

dry, frizzy or curly, the top conditioners<br />

are guaranteed to nourish, repair and<br />

volumise even the neediest hair.<br />

Keep in mind that the same<br />

conditioner won’t work for everyone –<br />

choosing the right one can be diffi cult,<br />

but the best way to decide is to consider<br />

the texture of your hair. If you have<br />

thin hair, try a volumising conditioner<br />

and if you have thick, greasy hair,<br />

choose a conditioner formulated with<br />

less oil. Picking the perfect formula can<br />

drastically change your hair.<br />


1.<br />

1. ECOCOCO Shampoo &<br />

Conditioner, $35.95 each, 2. TIGI<br />

copyright Custom Care Moisture<br />

Shampoo and Conditioner, $32<br />

each, 3. Stockholm Sweden REF<br />

Ultimate Repair Shampoo 285ml and<br />

Conditioner 245ml, $33.50 each, 4.<br />

e-smooth Shampoo and Conditioner<br />

250ml, $39.95 each, 5. Aveda damage<br />

remedy restructuring shampoo<br />

250ml and Conditoner 200ml, $50<br />

each, 6. Aveda Cherry Almond<br />

Softening Leave-in Conditioner 200ml,<br />

$30, 7. Schwarzkopf Blonde Purple<br />

Shampoo amd Conditioner, $13<br />

each, 8. Schwarzkopf Q10+ Time<br />

Restore Micellar Shampoo, $27.95,<br />

9. Schwarzkopf Waves Light Splash<br />

Conditioner, $31.95<br />

2.<br />

3.<br />


5.<br />

6.<br />

7.<br />

8.<br />

9.<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 93

feature<br />

Extra Care

4.<br />

1.<br />

5.<br />

8.<br />

9.<br />

2.<br />

3.<br />

10.<br />

7.<br />

11.<br />

6.<br />

1. Jo Malone London Hair Mists<br />

in Wild Bluebell, $75, 2. John<br />

Frieda Frizz Ease Dream Curls<br />

Curl Defining Crème, $16.99, 3.<br />

Hair Rituel by Sisley Volumizing<br />

Spray 150ml, $120, 4. Hair<br />

Rituel by Sisley Precious Hair<br />

Care Oil 100ml, $130, 5. Aveda<br />

Rinseless Refresh Micellar Hair<br />

& Scalp Refresher 200ml, $32,<br />

6. Frank Body Caffeinated Hair<br />

Mask, 125ml, $16.95, 7. Frank<br />

Body Caffeinated Scalp Scrub,<br />

125ml, $18.95, 8. Sachajuan<br />

Straight and Shine Spray<br />

200ml,$40, 9. White Sands<br />

Infinity Finishing Spray, $39.95,<br />

10. White Sands Liquid Texture<br />

Firm Hold Extreme Hairspray,<br />

$39.95, 11. TIGI copyright<br />

Custom Care Volume Finishing<br />

Spray, $27, 12. Pure Elements<br />

Lavender Softening Mask<br />

250ml, $33.50, 13. KhairPep<br />

Transforme Treatment Masque<br />

50ml, $85, 14. Olaplex No.6<br />

Bond Smoother 100ml, $49.95,<br />

15. Davines Oi Oil Hair Butter<br />

250ml, $49.95, 16. Daily<br />

Naturals Detangler 200ml,<br />

$15.95, 17. Apotecari Mane<br />

Event, 60 capsules, $54.95<br />

14.<br />

17.<br />

12.<br />

13.<br />

15.<br />

16.<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 95

TOOLS<br />


THE JOB<br />

With any task, it pays to have the right tools for the job.<br />

To create an individual style quickly and precisely, without<br />

damaging your hair, it pays to invest in quality. Always go<br />

for the top of the range (or the top of your budget!)when<br />

buying hairdryers, curling wands or styling irons – and the<br />

new devices are feats of precise engineering, combining<br />

advanced plates, fusion tecnology and mineral infusion,<br />

just to name a few.<br />


Leave-in conditioners and masks can sometimes be like<br />

those second cousins you don’t know very well. But trust<br />

me, you all can be such good friends! So, damaged hair,<br />

meet leave-in conditioner.<br />

Supplementing your hair care regime with regular<br />

intensive treatments will help to keep hair in good shape.<br />

Leave-in conditioner locks in moisture and as a result,<br />

your hair not only becomes stronger, but more fl exible.<br />

Investing in a weekly hair repair treatment leads to less<br />

breakage and more shine, helping to keep those nasty split<br />

ends in tow. Hurrah!<br />

1.<br />

1. EVY PROFESSIONAL Infusalite<br />

Dryer, $210, 2. VS SASSOON Digital<br />

Sensor Hot Air Styler, RRP $99.95,<br />

3. EVY PROFESSIONAL iQ OneGlide,<br />

$299, 4. True Me Original, ceramic<br />

plate hair stylers, $179.<br />

2.<br />

3.<br />


3 extra<br />

ways<br />




LAYERS<br />

Fine, limp hair can look even more fine and<br />

limp if you have too many layers in your hair.<br />

Instead opt for a blunt cut to create a more<br />

voluminous look to your hair.<br />


For an instant root booster on the run,<br />

simply switch sides of where you naturally<br />

part your hair. To build the most height, try a<br />

deep side part on the opposite side on dry<br />

hair, and fix with a light hairspray.<br />


Lightening hair can make locks look thicker<br />

as it “roughs up” the hair cuticle, plumping<br />

the individual hair shafts. Be careful though;<br />

bleaching your hair too much can make it<br />

prone to breakage and split ends, which<br />

makes hair look thinner. Strategically placed<br />

lowlights and highlights are really effective<br />

in adding dimension and texture to hair,<br />

making it look thicker, fuller and healthier.<br />

We’re all about creating a style that needs to last for as<br />

long as possible and Dry Shampoo does an awesome<br />

job of making dirty hair look clean! Great for in-between<br />

washes, especially if you have a fringe, these beauties<br />

remove excess oil and can be a reassuring option if<br />

you’re anxious about breaking the once-a-day washing<br />

habit. It’s also a fave styling product for adding a surefire<br />

volume boost!<br />

Batiste Dry Shampoo Limited Edition Tempt, $12.95<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 97

feature<br />

the<br />

breast<br />

Everything you need to know<br />

about breast augmentation.<br />

Words by Aimée Rodrigues

eport<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 99

feature<br />

B<br />

reasts have been cultural, political and fashion icons, helped launch social<br />

movements and started showbiz careers. They come in all sorts of shapes<br />

and sizes, and thanks to the marvels of modern cosmetic surgery, breast<br />

implant surgery can give you the breasts Mother Nature did not.<br />

Breast implants are available to suit the needs and preferences of<br />

just about every patient. Some women seek implant surgery to correct<br />

congenital or developmental anatomical abnormalities, while others are<br />

striving to repair the toll of age or breastfeeding by restoring their breasts to<br />

a more youthful and upright position. Other women simply want to have a<br />

larger size bust, which is more proportionate to their overall body size.<br />

Implants may also be required to reconstruct a damaged or missing<br />

breast, which has sustained injury, illness or mastectomy. There are<br />

countless reasons women undergo breast augmentation and each one has<br />

unique importance to the individual.<br />

Careful discussion of your expectations and concerns with your chosen<br />

surgeon, along with planning and assessment, can help to achieve a<br />

successful outcome and natural-looking results. You should thoroughly<br />

discuss your goals and motivations with a surgeon you trust and with whom<br />

you feel comfortable.<br />

Listening to your surgeon’s feedback and advice will go a long way in<br />

ensuring expectations and motivations are realistic. Satisfaction with<br />

breast augmentation results ultimately depends on your understanding of<br />

the capabilities and limitations of the procedure.


The assessment of physical beauty varies<br />

enormously across both time and cultures.<br />

What one person considers sexy or beautiful<br />

might be far removed from what another<br />

perceives as attractive. However, there<br />

remain widely held standards of physical<br />

attractiveness, and achieving a positive<br />

aesthetic outcome is crucial to the success of<br />

cosmetic procedures.<br />

When it comes to assessing the breasts,<br />

you may be forgiven for thinking it’s all about<br />

size. Indeed, breast augmentation involves<br />

adding volume to the bust, but a satisfactory<br />

augmentation is about a whole lot more than<br />

just adding volume.<br />

‘There is no such thing as the ‘perfect’<br />

breast,’ says British plastic surgeon Dr Paul<br />

Banwell. ‘However, there are four aesthetic<br />

guidelines that can help surgeons deliver a<br />

beautiful-looking breast.’<br />

These guidelines, which refer to the<br />

proportions of the upper and lower breast,<br />

their slope as well as the position of the<br />

nipple were investigated by a group of London<br />

Plastic Surgeons at the University College<br />

and Royal Free Hospitals. In a study entitled<br />

‘Concepts in Aesthetic Breast Dimensions:<br />

Analysis of the Ideal Breast’, Mallucci et al<br />

used computer measurements to examine<br />

the dimensions and proportions of 100 pairs<br />

of natural (non-enhanced) breasts deemed<br />

attractive, and identifi ed four features<br />

common to all.<br />

‘The study revealed that in all cases the<br />

level of the nipple lay at a point 20 degrees<br />

above the horizontal where, on average, the<br />

proportion of the breast below it represented<br />

55 per cent of overall volume of the breast and<br />

above it 45 per cent,’ explains Dr Banwell.<br />

‘In most cases, the upper pole was either<br />

concave or straight, and the lower pole of the<br />

breast was convex, creating a full curve.’<br />

The UK group also analysed images of the<br />

breasts of ordinary women both before and<br />

after implant surgery to establish whether, if<br />

a breast deviates from these measurements,<br />

it becomes less attractive. The answer, they<br />

found, was that it does, regardless of size.<br />

However, Dr Banwell is keen to reinforce the<br />

importance of tailoring breast shape and size to<br />

the individual proportions and circumstances<br />

of each patient.<br />

‘A one-size-fi ts all approach is not<br />

appropriate,’ he says. ‘We have a way of<br />

assessing the aesthetics we’re trying to achieve<br />

with a breast augmentation, but it’s important<br />

to do that via a tailor-made approach.’<br />

This involves detailed measurement, careful<br />

discussion with each patient and judicious<br />

selection of the optimal implant shape, texture<br />

and method of placement.<br />

‘Every breast is different in terms of its shape<br />

and size and in terms of its characteristics,’<br />

says Dr Banwell. ‘The surgeon has to assess<br />

that and then needs to make a judgement<br />

based upon the patient’s wishes in terms of<br />

what they want to achieve versus what can<br />

actually be achieved.’<br />

With so many media infl uences, today it is<br />

even more important to marry your wishes,<br />

as the patient, with what is both realistic<br />

and achievable. ‘It’s all about having realistic<br />

expectations of improvement,’ he says.<br />

‘Communication with the patient is therefore<br />

so important. The patient needs to fully<br />

understand what’s involved, and if there is any<br />

discrepancy between what they want and what<br />

can actually be achieved, it’s the responsibility<br />

of the surgeon to point that out.’<br />

The education and knowledge of patients<br />

has changed in the past decade or so, and they<br />

are becoming increasingly discerning about<br />

the shape and type of implants they want.<br />

However, the most common request remains:<br />

for breasts to be ‘natural-looking’.<br />

With an experienced and skilled surgeon<br />

and the right expectations, you can look<br />

forward to the most natural-looking,<br />

aesthetically pleasing breast augmentations<br />

for your individual requirements.<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 101

east implant<br />

feature<br />

1. Implant shape<br />

Choosing the right implant<br />

is dependent on your existing<br />

breast size, shape, symmetry and<br />

projection, body type, and your<br />

personal preferences.<br />

There is no one breast implant<br />

shape that is best for everyone.<br />

Your surgeon is the best resource<br />

for determining what breast<br />

implant is best for you and your<br />

body type.<br />

Round implants<br />

Round implants are circular with<br />

an even projection of volume.<br />

They are a good choice for those<br />

who want more fullness in the<br />

upper part of the breast and<br />

tend to give greater cleavage.<br />

Many surgeons agree that round<br />

implants are typically the best<br />

choice for those patients with<br />

well-shaped natural breasts who<br />

desire a straightforward breast<br />

enhancement.<br />

Teardrop implants<br />

Teardrop, or anatomical, implants<br />

more closely resemble the natural<br />

shape of a breast, gradually<br />

sloping downwards to produce an<br />

attractive straight line from the<br />

collarbone to the nipple. Teardrop<br />

implants tend not to be as full as<br />

round implants but because they<br />

are fuller in the lower half they can<br />

also provide greater projection in<br />

proportion to the size of the base,<br />

making them particularly suitable<br />

for women with little natural<br />

breast tissue. Mild elevation of the<br />

breast and the nipple can also be<br />

achieved, making them particularly<br />

suitable for women who have mild<br />

droopy or tuberous breasts.<br />

2. Implant size<br />

Breast implant sizes are designated by<br />

their volume, typically ranging from<br />

90 to 900 cubic centimetres (cc), or<br />

by their weight. One gram of silicone<br />

is equivalent to slightly less than 1ml<br />

(1cc). The higher the number, the<br />

larger the implant.<br />

They are also made with different<br />

diameter bases to suit different widths of<br />

chest wall and with low to high profiles<br />

(amount of forward projection). For this<br />

reason, each manufacturer produces a<br />

number of ‘styles’.<br />

It’s important to take your natural<br />

breast width into consideration. Your<br />

surgeon will measure the base diameter<br />

of your chest to determine the ideal<br />

width of implant. If the implant is<br />

too wide for your chest, you may<br />

get ‘webbing’ between your breasts<br />

(symmastia) or too much ‘side boob’. If<br />

the implant is too narrow, it will not fill<br />

the chest appropriately and be difficult<br />

to create a shapely cleavage.<br />

The choice of implant projection is to<br />

a large extent a personal one. A woman<br />

with adequate breast tissue and a shape<br />

she is happy with may opt for a lowprofile<br />

implant that will simply increase<br />

the size of her breasts. Another patient<br />

seeking to create cleavage, or a patient<br />

with some degree of sag, may prefer<br />

a high-profile implant that can help<br />

achieve these results.<br />

Your surgeon will take into<br />

consideration the width of your chest<br />

and breast tissue and advise you on the<br />

most suitable implant size and style for<br />

your individual anatomy.

essentials<br />

3. Implant material<br />

This next crucial factor looks at the<br />

type of fill (saline or silicone) as<br />

well as the shell of the implant wall<br />

(smooth or textured).<br />

Silicone vs saline<br />

Saline and silicone breast implants<br />

both have an outer silicone shell;<br />

however they differ in material,<br />

consistency and techniques used for<br />

placement. Both types of implants<br />

have their own advantages and risks.<br />

Silicone gel-filled implants are<br />

used more commonly in Australia.<br />

Silicone implants contain a cohesive<br />

gel, designed to mimic real breast<br />

tissue. It has a slightly firm, nonrunny<br />

consistency, which can give<br />

a more natural feel. As the gel is<br />

not liquid, the risk of dispersal if the<br />

implant ruptures is minimised. It also<br />

typically maintains its shape better<br />

than a saline implant, especially in<br />

the upper part of the implant.<br />

Saline-filled implants use a<br />

medical-grade saltwater solution,<br />

which makes the implant feel like a<br />

water-bed. This can be controlled to<br />

an extent by the volume of fill in the<br />

implant. If implant rupture occurs,<br />

the saline is absorbed by the body.<br />

However, saline implants feel firmer<br />

than silicone implants and have a<br />

higher risk of visible folds and ripples.<br />

Unlike silicone gel implants,<br />

saline implants can be filled<br />

through a valve during surgery.<br />

Because of this, the insertion of the<br />

implants generally requires a smaller<br />

incision than that associated with<br />

silicone gel implants. The amount<br />

of fill can also be adjusted after<br />

surgery, which is not possible with<br />

fixed silicone gel implants.<br />

Smooth vs textured<br />

Implant shells can be smooth or<br />

textured. Smooth-shelled implants<br />

are easy to insert and may make the<br />

breast move and feel more natural<br />

than a textured shell in certain<br />

patients. However, they have<br />

increased risk of capsular contracture<br />

(hardening of the breast), which is a<br />

common reason for re-operation.<br />

Textured implants have a thicker<br />

shell and the very nature of their<br />

surface means they can grab onto<br />

and adhere to the surrounding<br />

tissue, causing less friction between<br />

the implant and breast pocket and<br />

therefore helping to reduce the risk<br />

of capsular contracture. Many<br />

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feature<br />

surgeons also believe it offers them<br />

greater control over the ultimate shape<br />

of the breast.<br />

Round implants come in smooth and<br />

textured shells, but anatomical implants<br />

have textured surfaces only to allow for<br />

better integration with the surrounding<br />

breast tissue. The implant may still flip<br />

or move and distort the appearance<br />

of the breast, so the surgeon must be<br />

experienced with this type of implant.<br />

The polyurethane foam coated<br />

implant provides a texture specifically<br />

designed to reduce rates of capsular<br />

contracture. The foam coating means<br />

the collagen fibres around the implant<br />

do not line up, and are less likely to<br />

slide over each other and contract.<br />

Instead, the fibres assemble in a circular<br />

pattern around the foam and are unable<br />

to form a hardened capsule. There are<br />

some differences in the surgical plan of<br />

foam-coated implants; for example the<br />

pocket size generally needs to be bigger<br />

than usual.<br />

Regardless of the type of implant<br />

women choose, the shape, texture and<br />

size can be customised to reflect her<br />

individual body type and aesthetic goals.<br />

4. Incision site<br />

The three main incision options are the<br />

inframammary crease (under the breast<br />

where it meets the chest), periareolar<br />

(around the nipple) and transaxillary<br />

(inside the armpit).<br />

Inframammary<br />

The inframammary incision is by far<br />

the most common breast augmentation<br />

incision used today, made in the<br />

crease under the breast close to the<br />

inframammary fold. The surgeon creates<br />

a pocket for the breast implant, which<br />

is slid up through the incision, then<br />

positioned behind the nipple.<br />

This incision offers the best exposure<br />

for visualisation and allows the implant<br />

to be placed over, partially under or<br />

completely under the chest wall muscle.<br />

The scar is hidden in the crease under<br />

the breast.<br />

Periareolar<br />

For the periareolar incision, an incision<br />

is made just beyond the areola, which<br />

is the darker area of skin surrounding<br />

the nipple. The incision should be<br />

made at the very edge of the areola<br />

where the dark tissue meets the lighter<br />

breast tissue, which makes the scar<br />

least visible.<br />

Similar to the inframammary incision,<br />

the periareolar incision allows the<br />

surgeon to work close to the breast.<br />

It is possible for the surgeon to easily<br />

and precisely place the breast implants<br />

in various positions in relation to the<br />

chest muscle. However, this is the only<br />

incision that involves cutting through<br />

breast tissue and ducts, and sensitivity<br />

in the nipple may be reduced.<br />

Transaxillary<br />

The transaxillary incision is made<br />

in the natural crease of the armpit<br />

and a channel is created down to the<br />

breast. This may be performed with an<br />

endoscope (a small tube with a surgical<br />

light and camera in the end) to provide<br />

visibility. The implant is inserted and<br />

moved through the channel into a<br />

prepared pocket.<br />

The greatest advantage of an<br />

underarm breast augmentation incision<br />

is that no scar is left on the breasts. The<br />

scar is virtually invisible in the armpit<br />

fold and lack of tension generally makes<br />

for straightforward healing.<br />

The transaxillary site is relatively<br />

far from the breast, where the surgeon<br />

needs to create a pocket for the implant,<br />

so visibility is limited. There is also a<br />

higher incidence of the implant being<br />

positioned too high and a greater risk of<br />

breast asymmetry after surgery.

5. Implant placement<br />

The placement of breast implants has a<br />

significant impact on the final outcome<br />

of breast augmentation and therefore it<br />

requires individual consideration.<br />

Experienced surgeons base their<br />

implant placement decisions on factors<br />

such as the patient’s quantity of breast<br />

tissue, natural breast size and symmetry,<br />

dimension and shape of the chest wall,<br />

amount of subcutaneous fat and quality<br />

of breast skin.<br />

Generally, there are three placement<br />

options: subglandular (in front of the<br />

muscle), submuscular (behind the muscle)<br />

and dual plane (partially under the<br />

muscle). There are pros and cons for<br />

each position.<br />

Subglandular<br />

The subglandular pocket is created<br />

between the breast tissue and the pectoral<br />

muscle. This position resembles the<br />

plane of normal breast tissue and the<br />

implant is placed in front of the muscle.<br />

Sometimes the implant is covered by a<br />

thin membrane, the fascia, which lies<br />

on top of the muscle. This is called<br />

subfascial placement.<br />

This position is suited to patients<br />

who have sufficient breast tissue to<br />

cover the top of the implant. This<br />

procedure is typically faster and may be<br />

more comfortable for the patient than<br />

submuscular placement. There is generally<br />

less post-operative pain and a shorter<br />

recovery period because the chest muscles<br />

have not been disturbed during surgery.<br />

The implant also tends to move more<br />

naturally in this position.<br />

However, subglandular breast implants<br />

may be more visible, especially if the<br />

patient has little breast tissue, little body<br />

fat and thin skin.<br />

With subglandular implants, there<br />

tends to be more of a pronounced<br />

‘roundness’ to the breasts, which may<br />

look less natural than those placed<br />

under the muscle, but this is a matter<br />

of personal preference.<br />

Submuscular<br />

The implant is placed under the pectoralis<br />

major muscle after some release of the<br />

inferior muscular attachments. Most of the<br />

implant is positioned under the muscle.<br />

This position can create a natural-looking<br />

contour at the top of the breast in thin<br />

patients and those with very little breast<br />

tissue. The implant is fully covered, which<br />

helps to camouflage the edges of the implant,<br />

as well as rippling. With this placement, data<br />

has shown there is less chance of capsular<br />

contracture occurring.<br />

There may be more post-operative<br />

discomfort and a longer recovery period. The<br />

implants may appear high at first and take<br />

longer to ‘drop’.<br />

Dual plane<br />

This is where the implant is placed partially<br />

beneath the pectoral muscle in the upper<br />

pole, where the implant edges tend to be<br />

most visible, while the lower half of the<br />

implant is in the subglandular plane. This<br />

placement is best suited to patients who<br />

have insufficient tissue to cover the implant<br />

at the top of the breast but who need the<br />

bottom of the implant to fully expand the<br />

lower half of the breast due to sag or a tight<br />

crease under the breast.<br />

This position minimises the rippling and<br />

edge effect in thin patients while avoiding<br />

abnormal contours in the lower half of the<br />

breast. Generally, this placement is able to<br />

achieve a more natural shape to the upper<br />

portion of the breast instead of the ‘upper<br />

roundness’ that can be more common<br />

with subglandular implants. However, it<br />

involves more complex surgery, which if<br />

not performed correctly may result in<br />

visible deformities when the pectoral<br />

muscles are contracted.<br />

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what are the risks?<br />

feature<br />

While breast augmentation is<br />

typically a predictable procedure,<br />

all surgery carries some level of<br />

risk. Complications arising from<br />

breast augmentation can include<br />

the following.<br />



Capsular contracture, or hardening<br />

of the breast, is thought to be the<br />

most common complication of breast<br />

implant surgery. It can occur at any<br />

time but more commonly in the<br />

months immediately after surgery.<br />

During surgery, a pocket is made<br />

for the implant in the breast tissue.<br />

After the implant has been inserted,<br />

the body naturally forms a capsule<br />

of fibrous tissue around the implant.<br />

This lining, or capsule, is formed by<br />

the body’s living tissue, and is the<br />

body’s natural response. The capsule<br />

allows the implant to look and feel<br />

quite natural. In some cases, however,<br />

the capsule begins to tighten, causing<br />

a shrink-wrap effect and squeezing the<br />

implant that it surrounds. Depending<br />

on the severity, the breast can feel<br />

firm or hard, become distorted and<br />

cause pain.<br />

It is not actually the implant that<br />

has hardened – the shrinking of<br />

the capsule compresses the implant<br />

and causes it to feel hard, but if the<br />

implant is removed it is still in its<br />

original soft state.<br />

Though the exact causes of<br />

capsular contracture are unknown,<br />

there are factors that may lead to<br />

this complication, including seroma<br />

(the development of extra fluid<br />

around the implant), haematoma,<br />

infection and smoking. Another<br />

contributing factor is the placement<br />

of the implant above the chest<br />

muscle. When the implant is<br />

placed below the muscle, capsular<br />

contracture is said to be typically less<br />

likely to occur.<br />

To treat capsular contracture, there<br />

are both surgical and non-surgical<br />

options, although generally most<br />

cases of capsular contracture will<br />

require secondary surgery to remove<br />

the implant. If the implants are<br />

replaced, to prevent reoccurrence a<br />

new pocket should be made as fresh<br />

tissue needs to be in contact with<br />

the implant.<br />


It’s important to understand that<br />

breast implants have a limited life<br />

span and, before going ahead with<br />

breast augmentation, patients must<br />

accept that more surgery may be<br />

required initially or in the future to<br />

address complications, remove or<br />

replace the implants.<br />

Additionally, the size of the original<br />

implants may become less suited to<br />

a woman’s body over time, due to<br />

hormones, pregnancies, weight gain<br />

and menopause.<br />


Infection is a serious risk of any<br />

surgery and occurs when wounds<br />

become contaminated with<br />

microorganisms, such as bacteria<br />

or fungi. When infection occurs, it<br />

generally appears within six weeks<br />

of the procedure. Most infections<br />

can be treated with antibiotics,<br />

but in the worst cases the implant<br />

may need to be removed and the<br />

infection eliminated before the<br />

implant is replaced.<br />

It’s important to keep an eye out for<br />

signs of infection, which may include<br />

redness at the site, fatigue and fever.<br />

Increased pain and swelling are also<br />

typical signs of infection but, because<br />

these symptoms are typical of all<br />

breast surgeries, they can be difficult<br />

to detect.<br />


Rippling occurs when the filling<br />

inside the breast implant moves,<br />

creating a winkle or fold on the outer<br />

shell of the implant which then<br />

can be felt by the patient, or which<br />

becomes outwardly visible. Rippling<br />

can also occur when adhesion to the<br />

envelope restricts its movement.<br />

Various factors govern the<br />

likelihood of rippling, including the<br />

implant type, texture and position.<br />

It occurs less with silicone gel-filled<br />

implants, smooth-surfaced implants<br />

and those that are positioned under<br />

the chest muscle.<br />

If it occurs, the appearance of<br />

rippling is dependent on the patient<br />

– their physique and the thickness<br />

and quality of their skin. If there is<br />

little muscle or fatty tissue to cover<br />

the implant, any rippling that results<br />

will be more noticeable. Rippling<br />

generally appears on the outer and<br />

bottom sides of the breast and in<br />

the cleavage.<br />



Displacement refers to the implants<br />

moving out of their desired position,<br />

and is more prone in women who<br />

have teardrop-shaped or very<br />

high-profile implants. Displacement<br />

may occur due to the implant being<br />

misplaced in the tissue pocket, or<br />

from excessively stretched tissue,<br />

or trauma. Displacement can occur<br />

at any time after the procedure,<br />

and will generally need to be<br />

surgically corrected.



Depending on where the implant<br />

is placed, breast augmentation may<br />

interfere with the ability of an x-ray<br />

to ‘see’ all the breast tissue, and<br />

therefore can hinder the success<br />

of a mammogram. Women with<br />

breast implants should therefore<br />

choose a facility that has technicians<br />

experienced in obtaining reliable<br />

mammograms from those who have<br />

had breast augmentation.<br />

Repeated studies have shown<br />

there is no delay in the diagnosis<br />

of breast cancer in women with<br />

breast implants compared to women<br />

without implants.<br />

Women should inform technicians<br />

of the age of their implants before<br />

mammography, as the age of the<br />

implant increases the risk of rupture<br />

during mammography.<br />

Recently, there have been media<br />

reports about a rare type of cancer<br />

linked to breast implants: anaplastic<br />

large cell carcinoma (ALCL).<br />

Breast-implant associated ALCL<br />

is not the same as breast cancer;<br />

it is a rare type of lymphoma that<br />

develops in the fluid surrounding<br />

breast implants, not in the breast<br />

tissue itself.<br />

Current expert opinion is that the<br />

risk of contracting breast-implant<br />

associated ALCL is about one in<br />

5,000 women with implants. By<br />

comparison, the risk of breast cancer<br />

is one in eight.<br />

The majority of cases are cured<br />

with the removal of implants and<br />

the fibrous capsule around them from<br />

both breasts.<br />

If there are changes in your breasts<br />

associated with breast implants, and<br />

especially if there is general swelling<br />

or a lump, contact your specialist for<br />

further investigation.<br />

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feature<br />

is breast implant<br />

surgery right for you<br />

The psychology behind the decision to have breast implants<br />

is one of the most important aspects of the procedure. A<br />

good candidate for breast augmentation is mentally and<br />

physically stable and understands the reality of what this<br />

surgery can achieve.<br />

Often women seek cosmetic surgery as a means of fulfilling<br />

emotional needs or resolving problematic body image issues. Any<br />

cosmetic procedure affects the patient on a psychological level<br />

just as much as on a physical one and it is important to remember<br />

that if a woman with low self-esteem elects to undergo surgery<br />

in the hope she will feel better about herself, she is likely to feel<br />

disappointed with her surgery. While breast augmentation can<br />

help boost a woman’s confidence, she will not benefit from surgery<br />

if she thinks it is the cure-all for every aspect of her life.<br />

Many women view their breasts as a vital component of their<br />

gender identity, as the female breast is one of the prime symbols<br />

of femininity, motherhood and sensuality. However, women are<br />

notoriously critical of their bodies and some may be especially so<br />

of their breasts. When contemplating breast augmentation, ensure<br />

it’s for the right reasons. CBM<br />


?<br />


Breast augmentation has increased by more than 200% since<br />

1997, according to stats from the American Society for<br />

Aesthetic Plastic Surgery.<br />

Possibly the earliest representation of breasts in art is the Venus<br />

of Willendorf, a tiny 11.1cm limestone statuette thought to date<br />

from 24,000-22,000 BC. She was found in 1908 by archaeologist<br />

Josef Szombathy at a Paleolithic site near Willendorf.<br />

Human breasts function differently to those of other primates.<br />

In other primates, the breasts grow only when the female is<br />

producing milk. When the non-human primate has weaned her<br />

young, her breasts flatten back down. In humans, the breasts<br />

develop during a female’s adolescence, usually well before<br />

pregnancy, and stay enlarged throughout her life.<br />

Legend says that Hercules became immortal after he drank the<br />

milk of the divine goddess Hera while she was sleeping. When<br />

she woke, and realised he was not her own child, she drew her<br />

breast away with such force that the milk spurted into the heavens<br />

and created the Milky Way.<br />

A fourth century prostitute was said to have been spared the<br />

death penalty by baring her breasts. When it seemed the verdict<br />

of her trial would be unfavourable, she removed her clothing. The<br />

judges were so impressed by their beauty that they acquitted her.<br />

It is believed the word ‘Amazon’ was derived from the Greek<br />

‘a-mazos’, which means ‘without breast’. In Greek mythology, it<br />

is said that the Amazons had their right breast removed so they<br />

would be able to use a bow and arrow more freely and throw<br />

spears without the physical limitation and obstruction.<br />

No two breasts are exactly the same size; usually the left is larger.<br />

From infancy to just before puberty, there is no difference<br />

between the female and male breasts.<br />

Although unusual, extra or ‘supernumerary’ nipples are not really<br />

that rare, occurring in one out of 18 people. Pop stars Carrie<br />

Underwood and Lily Allen and actor Mark Wahlberg all have a<br />

third nipple. Anne Boleyn, the wife of King Henry VIII, is said to<br />

have had a third nipple or even a third breast.<br />

When it comes to milk production, size doesn’t matter. The milkproducing<br />

structures are the same in all women. Just because one<br />

woman’s breasts are bigger doesn’t necessarily mean she would<br />

have or make more milk.<br />

?<br />

Questions to<br />

ask yourself<br />

before surgery<br />

By answering these questions honestly<br />

and reviewing them with your doctor,<br />

you will become much clearer about<br />

whether breast surgery is a good choice<br />

for you psychologically and emotionally.<br />

Why do you want to have<br />

breast augmentation surgery?<br />

How do you feel about your<br />

body image right now?<br />

Is anyone prompting you to<br />

have the surgery?<br />

Do you suffer from an emotional<br />

or psychological disorder?<br />

Did you recently experience a<br />

stressful event or crisis, like a<br />

divorce or the loss of a loved one?<br />

Are you a perfectionist, and do you<br />

find minor flaws with many parts of<br />

your body and with your life?<br />

Would you be prepared to handle<br />

a complication if something goes<br />

wrong after surgery?<br />

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should<br />


we<br />


SUGAR<br />







Sugar is the villain of the day in the health<br />

and wellness sector. Slowly but surely fats<br />

are shedding their bad-boy status, and<br />

sugar is taking over as the most detrimental<br />

dietary ingredient to our waistlines, health and<br />

general wellbeing.<br />

We outline the bad rap sugar has been<br />

attracting and look into the question on<br />

everybody’s taste buds – should we banish it<br />

from our diet once and for all?<br />

The book Sweet Poison: Why Sugar is<br />

Making Us Fat by David Gillespie, published<br />

in 2008, marked a turning point in the way<br />

we consider sugar consumption. In the book,<br />

Gillespie investigated the relationship between<br />

sugar, the ever-increasing obesity rates of the<br />

Western world and the most prevalent diseases<br />

in the 21st century.<br />

It was Gillespie’s personal story, however,<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 111

feature<br />

that set people on the path of quitting<br />

sugar. From being 40kg overweight,<br />

he immediately started losing weight,<br />

and kept it off, by cutting sugar<br />

(specifically fructose) from his diet.<br />

He claims sugar is addictive – a fact<br />

exploited by food manufacturers –<br />

and a rare resource to which we don’t<br />

have an in-built ‘off switch’, meaning<br />

we can keep eating it without feeling<br />

full, leading to weight gain and a<br />

myriad of health effects.<br />

One study by Nicole Avena,<br />

Pedro Rada and Bartley Hoebel<br />

(2008) looked into the addictive<br />

properties of sugar. It examined the<br />

physiological response to sugar intake<br />

in rats, and how the rats behaved<br />

when ‘on’ and ‘off’ sugar.<br />

‘Food addiction seems plausible<br />

because brain pathways that evolved<br />

to respond to natural rewards are also<br />

activated by addictive drugs,’ the<br />

report states. ‘Sugar is noteworthy as<br />

a substance that releases opioids and<br />

dopamine and thus might be expected<br />

to have addictive potential.’<br />

After a month ‘on’ sugar, the<br />

animals showed a series of behaviours<br />

similar to the signs of drug abuse.<br />

‘These are categorised as ‘bingeing’,<br />

meaning unusually large bouts of<br />

intake, opiate-like ‘withdrawal’<br />

indicated by signs of anxiety and<br />

behavioural depression and ‘craving’<br />

measured during sugar abstinence as<br />

enhanced responding for sugar.’<br />

Is it really<br />

that bad?<br />

Sugar has been linked to high<br />

blood sugar, cardiovascular<br />

disease mortality, diabetes and<br />

cellular ageing.<br />

An article published in the<br />

online journal Open Heart<br />

found sugars are probably more<br />

instrumental in increasing the<br />

risk of hypertension (high blood<br />

pressure) and cardiovascular<br />

disease (CVD), as compared to<br />

dietary sodium (salt).<br />

‘Compelling evidence from basic<br />

science, population studies, and<br />

clinical trials implicate sugars, and<br />

particularly the monosaccharide<br />

fructose, as playing a major role in<br />

the development of hypertension,’<br />

the researchers state. ‘Moreover,<br />

evidence suggests that sugars in<br />

general and fructose in particular<br />

may contribute to overall<br />

cardiovascular risk through a<br />

variety of mechanisms.’<br />

Furthermore, a study published<br />

in the JAMA Internal Medicine<br />

journal, conducted by researchers<br />

at the Division for Heart Disease<br />

and Stroke Prevention at the<br />

Centers for Disease Control<br />

and Prevention, associated a<br />

high added sugar intake with a<br />

heightened risk of CVD.<br />

The study found that people<br />

who consumed between 17 and 21<br />

per cent of their daily calories from<br />

added sugar exhibited a 38 percent<br />

higher risk of CVD mortality,<br />

compared to those whose added<br />

sugar intake was maintained at<br />

around eight percent. For those<br />

whose daily intake of added sugar<br />

was more than 21 percent of their<br />

daily calories, they had double<br />

the risk of CVD mortality. And,<br />

in participants who consumed 25<br />

percent of their daily calories from<br />

added sugar, their risk of CVD<br />

mortality was tripled.<br />

Cellular ageing<br />

The anti-ageing world is full of<br />

talk about telomeres – or the<br />

protective DNA that caps the end<br />

of cell chromosomes. The common<br />

consensus is the longer the telomeres,<br />

the longer the quality of life. The<br />

trick? Telomeres continuously shorten<br />

as our cells replicate, getting shorter<br />

and shorter as we age.<br />

Ongoing research is furiously<br />

exploring the possibilities in<br />

lengthening telomeres to reduce the<br />

rate of ageing or ways to prevent<br />

their ever-persistent shortening. But<br />

sugar, according to scientists from<br />

the University of California-San<br />

Francisco, is one sure-fire way to<br />

shorten your telomeres before their<br />

time. The research, led by Prof. Elissa<br />

Epel, assessed 5,309 participants<br />

and found those who drank larger<br />

amounts of sugary soda tended to<br />

have shorter telomeres in their white<br />

blood cells, making them susceptible<br />

to inflammation and chronic disease.<br />

‘Regular consumption of sugarsweetened<br />

sodas might influence<br />

disease development,’ says Epel. ‘Not<br />

only by straining the body’s metabolic<br />

control of sugars but also through<br />

accelerated cellular ageing of tissues.’

What<br />

is sugar?<br />

At a molecular level, sugar is a<br />

crystalline carbohydrate. There are<br />

many different types of sugar –<br />

glucose, fructose, lactose, maltose<br />

and sucrose (sucrose is your typical<br />

table sugar, and is composed of<br />

glucose and fructose).<br />

Some of these sugars occur<br />

naturally in fruits, vegetables and<br />

other food groups. However, it’s<br />

the added sugars, used to enhance<br />

flavour and add sweetness, that<br />

have been blamed as a culprit in<br />

a myriad of health issues. These<br />

sugars are usually delivered in the<br />

form of sucrose or fructose corn<br />

syrup, and it is fructose, more than<br />

glucose, that is receiving the most<br />

negative attention.<br />

The highest quantities of added<br />

sugars are found in soft drinks,<br />

fruit juices, cakes, chocolate and<br />

desserts. According to Medical<br />

News Today, just a single can<br />

of cola can contain up to seven<br />

teaspoons of added sugar, while<br />

an average-sized chocolate bar can<br />

contain up to six teaspoons.<br />

At present, the World<br />

Health Organisation’s (WHO)<br />

recommended daily dose of sugar<br />

is less than 10 percent of your<br />

daily total energy intake. WHO<br />

suggests a further reduction to<br />

less than five percent for beneficial<br />

health outcomes.<br />

Many nutritionists recommend<br />

against consuming more than 13<br />

teaspoons a day.<br />

www.cosbeauty.com.au 113

feature<br />

So, are we all junkies?<br />

According to the Harvard School of Public Health, the average American<br />

consumes 22 teaspoons of added sugar a day, equating to an extra 350<br />

calories. Scarily, these 22 mouthfuls of sweetness are easily consumed –<br />

added sugar is difficult to avoid.<br />

Gillespie claims food manufacturers are taking advantage of our<br />

collective sugar addiction and are ‘lacing’ non-sweet products – such<br />

as bread, sauces, soups and cereals – with the poison to ensure we stay<br />

hooked. And he’s not alone in this thinking.<br />

Dr Robert Lustig, a paediatric endocrinologist at the University of<br />

California-San Francisco and author of the book Fat Chance: The Hidden<br />

Truth About Sugar, says the food industry is purposefully sweetening up<br />

our diets.<br />

‘The food industry has made sugar into a diet staple because they know<br />

when they do, you buy more,’ he told The Guardian in 2013. ‘This is their<br />

hook. If some unscrupulous cereal manufacturer went out and laced your<br />

breakfast cereal with morphine to get you to buy more, what would you<br />

think of that? They do it with sugar instead.’

Should<br />

we quit<br />

sugar?<br />

Myth busting:<br />

raw vs white vs brown sugars<br />

Hopeful sugar lovers have ventured the suggestion that brown sugar or<br />

raw sugar might indeed by healthier than the super-refined white sugar<br />

seen on most coffee-shop tables. Unfortunately, their hopes are dashed.<br />

Although they go through slightly different processes, raw, white and<br />

brown sugar are derived from the same source and hold very little<br />

nutritional difference – ie, all are equally bad for you.<br />

Sugar crystals are made from the juice of sugar cane or sugar beet.<br />

The juice is filtered, evaporated, boiled – which produces molasses<br />

– centrifuged and dried to yield raw sugar. White, or refined sugar,<br />

undergoes further washing, bleaching, filtering, processing and drying.<br />

Brown sugar is created through the addition of molasses to refined<br />

white sugar.<br />

Certainly, the myriad of health<br />

problems associated with<br />

high sugar intake is enough to<br />

quieten anyone’s sugar cravings,<br />

but is it healthy to eliminate<br />

sugar from our diet completely?<br />

Sugar is found naturally in fruits,<br />

vegetables and dairy products,<br />

which means that to eradicate it<br />

completely from our diet would<br />

leave us with little other than<br />

meat and fats.<br />

‘I am quite comfortable with<br />

dietary sugars if they come from<br />

whole foods such as fresh fruits<br />

and vegetables, as the sugar<br />

is diluted with water, fibre and<br />

other nutrients,’ health expert<br />

Professor Kerin O’Dea from<br />

the Sansom Institute for Health<br />

Research told the ABC.<br />

As for added sugar, the<br />

alternative options – in the form<br />

of artificial sweeteners – are not<br />

necessarily any better for you.<br />

A recent study published in the<br />

journal Nature found artificial<br />

sweeteners interfere with gut<br />

bacteria, increasing the chances<br />

of obesity and diabetes.<br />

‘Our findings suggest that<br />

artificial sweeteners may<br />

have directly contributed<br />

to enhancing the exact<br />

epidemic that they themselves<br />

were intended to fight,’<br />

the researchers from the<br />

Department of Immunology<br />

at the Weizmann Institute of<br />

Science in Israel state.<br />

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