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TROUBLED WATERS - Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society

TROUBLED WATERS - Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society

Contents List of

Contents List of contributors II Foreword IV ONE Introductory section 1 Chapter 1 Executive summary 2 Chapter 2 A background to whaling 6 Chapter 3 An introduction to animal welfare 13 Chapter 4 Whales – individuals, societies and cultures 15 Chapter 5 The IWC and whale welfare 30 TWO Whale killing 37 Chapter 6 Commercial and Aboriginal subsistence whaling 38 Chapter 7 The small cetacean dimension 54 Chapter 8 Weather, sea condition and ship motions affecting accuracy in whaling 63 Chapter 9 The potential stress effects of whaling and the welfare implications for hunted cetaceans 69 Chapter 10 Euthanasia of cetaceans 78 Chapter 11 Review of criteria for determining death and insensibility in cetacea 84 THREE Whaling in the twenty-first century 91 Chapter 12 A comparison between slaughterhouse standards and methods used during whaling 92 Chapter 13 Ethics and whaling under special permit 104 Chapter 14 Legal precedents for whale protection 111 FOUR Conclusions 123 Chapter 15 Whaling and welfare 124 Chapter 16 Summary of conclusions 134 Glossary 136 Appendix I Global coalition members 137 Appendix II Colour plates 140 CONTENTS III

IV A REVIEW OF THE WELFARE IMPLICATIONS OF MODERN WHALING ACTIVITIES Foreword Whales are highly evolved animals with all the sensitivities that that statement implies. They have a complex social life. They call to one another across the vast expanses of the oceans. They are the largest animals that have ever existed, far larger than any dinosaur. There is nothing in the body of a whale, which is of use to us, for which we cannot find equivalents elsewhere. The following pages contain hard scientific dispassionate evidence that there is no humane way to kill a whale at sea. Dr Harry Lillie, who worked as a ship’s physician on a whaling trip in the Antarctic half a century ago, wrote this: “If we can imagine a horse having two or three explosive spears stuck in its stomach and being made to pull a butcher’s truck through the streets of London while it pours blood into the gutter, we shall have an idea of the method of killing. The gunners themselves admit that if whales could scream, the industry would stop for nobody would be able to stand it.” The use of harpoons with explosive grenade heads is still the main technique used by whalers today. I hope you will read the following pages and decide for yourself whether the hunting of whales in this way should still be tolerated by a civilized society. Sir David Attenborough, November 2003. © BBC

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