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TROUBLED WATERS - Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society

TROUBLED WATERS - Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society

1996 UK proposes

1996 UK proposes guidelines for collecting data on the killing of whales as part of the Revised Management Scheme (RMS). 1997 Commission adopts resolution calling on aboriginal subsistence whalers to “do everything possible to reduce still further any unavoidable suffering caused to whales in such hunts”. Japan announces it will use rifles in place of the electric lance from the next whaling season. 1999 Workshop on WKM convened. The Humane Killing Working Group name is changed to ‘Working Group on Whale Killing Methods and Associated Welfare Issues’ (WKM&AWI) after objections to the word ‘humane’ are raised. Resolution adopted requesting data on instantaneous death rate, struck and lost rate, details of killing weapons used and criteria for determining unconsciousness or time to death. Also calling for aboriginal hunters to provide more data. Adoption of the ‘Revised Action Plan’ on WKM. 2001 Independent workshop held in London8 concludes that IWC criteria for determining death and insensibility in whales are inadequate. IWC Resolution adopted expresses disappointment that no data on the killing of sperm and Bryde’s whales during Japan’s special permit whaling is provided. Formal protocol for welfare data collection under RMS is proposed by UK 2003 Workshop on WKM&AWI convened – ‘Action plan’ again reviewed. Further calls made for data on killing times from Japan’s special permit whaling and from Aboriginal subsistence hunts. Minimum calibre rifles for secondary killing recommended. Calls made for further investigation into the criteria used for determining insensibility and death in cetaceans. Japan walks out of discussion on proposed collection of welfare data under the RMS. cruelty of whaling, which played a significant role in the decision to impose the moratorium, will remain unresolved for the foreseeable future. References Best, P.B. 1974. Death times for whales killed by explosive harpoons. Submitted to the IWC Scientific Committee. SC/26/24. International Whaling Conference 1937. Report of the International Whaling Conference, London 1937, PRO F0371/21079. IWC 1959. Report of the International Whaling Commission. IWC/10. p.7. IWC 1959. Chairman’s Report of the Tenth Annual Meeting. Rep.int.Whal.Commn 10:12-8. IWC 1961. Report of the International Whaling Commission. Appendix V: Report of Working Party on ‘Humane and Expeditious Methods of Killing Whales’ 32-35. IWC 1975a. Report of the Scientific Committee. IWC 1975b. Report of the Scientific Committee Annex R: ‘Death Times for Whales Killed by Explosive Harpoons’ (Best. P) Rep.int Whal. .Commn 25 :208-214. IWC 1977. Chairman’s Report of the Twenty-Seventh Annual Meeting. Rep.int.Whal.Commn 27: 6-15. THE IWC AND WHALE WELFARE 35

36 A REVIEW OF THE WELFARE IMPLICATIONS OF MODERN WHALING ACTIVITIES IWC 1979a. Chairman’s Report of the 30th Annual Meeting Appendix 4: Reporting data relative to Humane Killing. Rep. int. Whal. Commn 29 p.32. IWC 1979b. Report of the International Whaling Commission. Annex J: Report of the sub-committee on humane killing techniques 29:90-2. IWC 1980. Report of the Technical Committee Working Group on Humane Killing. IWC 1981.Report of the Workshop on Humane Killing Techniques. IWC/33/15. IWC1985. Chairman’s Report of the Thirty-Sixth Annual Meeting. Rep.int. Whal.Comm. 35:19-20. IWC 2001. UK Paper on Collection of Whale Killing Data. Submitted by the United Kingdom to the 2001 IWC Working Group on Whale Killing Methods and Associated Welfare Issues. IWC/53/WKM&AWI5. RSPCA 2003. Report of the International Scientific Workshop on Sentience and Potential for Suffering in Hunted Whales. Hosted by the RSPCA, 14-14th June 2001, London. Document submitted for information by the UK to the IWC Workshop on Whale Killing Methods, 7-9 June 2003, Berlin. Footnotes 1 Signatories comprising the governments of: the Union of South Africa, the US, the Argentine Republic, the Commonwealth of Australia, Germany, the UK, Northern Ireland, the Irish Free State, New Zealand and Norway. 2 Resolution V, United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea, 25th April 1958, Report of the Third Committee. 3 Article III, paragraph 6 of the Schedule to the ICRW. 4 The objections of Japan and the Russian Federation remain. 5 The Action Plan called for: details to be provided on equipment and methods used and for cooperation in improving methods, investigation into criteria for determining death, assessments of cause of death in relation to observed time to death (using post-mortem data), provision of data on time to death and struck and lost rates in all whaling operations, including ASW (particularly noting the need for data provision and the reduction of struck and lost rates in the Greenland beluga and narwhal hunts), and for the development of methods for determining stress indictors in hunted whales. 6 Calling for Denmark to provide all ‘additional information’ on the pilot whale hunt in the Faroe Islands to the next annual meeting and expressing concern about the adequacy of the implementation of existing Faroese legislation. 7 A resolution requesting further data on killing methods and a specific resolution referring to the killing methods employed during the pilot whale drive hunt. 8 Hosted by the RSPCA (RSPCA 2003).

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