Spotlight Otto in english (Vorschau)

You also want an ePaper? Increase the reach of your titles

YUMPU automatically turns print PDFs into web optimized ePapers that Google loves.

<strong>Spotlight</strong><br />

52014<br />

Deutschland € 6,90|CH sfr 12,40|A·E· I·L·SK: € 7,50<br />


Learn vocabulary:<br />

the words you<br />

need and where<br />

to f<strong>in</strong>d them<br />

Go to Glasgow:<br />

it’s a good time<br />

to visit Scotland’s<br />

coolest city<br />

Get your teeth<br />

<strong>in</strong>to this: the<br />

flavour and future<br />

of <strong>in</strong>-vitro meat<br />

OTTO IN<br />


Sprachen lernen<br />

und erleben.<br />

Ihre Sprachreise von zu Hause aus: Onl<strong>in</strong>e-Tra<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g<br />

mit Videos und Übungen. Jederzeit verfügbar.<br />

50%<br />

Rabatt<br />

att<br />

Bestellen Sie jetzt!<br />

+49 (0)89/8 56 81-16<br />

www.dalango.de/50rabatt<br />

Sonderpreis für Erstlaufzeit 6 Monate: EUR 9,97 pro Monat statt regulär EUR 19,95.<br />

Danach kann die Mitgliedschaft jederzeit gekündigt werden - E-Mail an <strong>in</strong>fo@dalango.de genügt.

EDITORIAL | May 2014<br />

The funny th<strong>in</strong>g<br />

about language<br />

Titelfoto: action press; Fotos Editorial: Hemera, iStock<br />

For many German-speakers, comedian <strong>Otto</strong><br />

Waalkes is the personification of humour. Start<br />

tell<strong>in</strong>g one of his jokes: “Peter, Paul and Mary<br />

are walk<strong>in</strong>g through the prairie…”, for example,<br />

and many Germans will not only complete<br />

Inez Sharp, editor-<strong>in</strong>-chief<br />

the joke, but have at least a dozen others perfectly memorized to tell you. So<br />

when Waalkes agreed to answer an extended version of our column “My Life<br />

<strong>in</strong> English”, we decided, just for once, to give the column some extra space.<br />

F<strong>in</strong>d out all about <strong>Otto</strong> Waalkes’s life <strong>in</strong> English on pages 24–27.<br />

How many words do you need to know to speak English well? And<br />

where do you check to make sure you have understood and used a new word<br />

correctly? We answer these two important questions <strong>in</strong> our language feature.<br />

Beg<strong>in</strong>n<strong>in</strong>g on page 14, language editor Joanna Westcombe looks at core vocabulary<br />

and how modern dictionaries — particularly the onl<strong>in</strong>e versions —<br />

help to make learn<strong>in</strong>g new words fun and effective.<br />

Today, Glasgow is Scotland’s capital of cool, but back <strong>in</strong> the 1970s, it<br />

was a city <strong>in</strong> a slump. It’s ma<strong>in</strong> <strong>in</strong>dustry, shipbuild<strong>in</strong>g, which had provided thousands<br />

of jobs, was dy<strong>in</strong>g, and there seemed to be noth<strong>in</strong>g to replace it. Over<br />

the past few decades, however, the city has been given an imag<strong>in</strong>ative<br />

makeover. Today, museums, parks and cafes — all with a unique flair — welcome<br />

visitors from around the world. <strong>Spotlight</strong> author Toby Sk<strong>in</strong>gsley takes you<br />

on a tour through Scotland’s biggest city, start<strong>in</strong>g on page 30.<br />

i.sharp@spotlight-verlag.de<br />

Glasgow: historical<br />

culture <strong>in</strong> a new light<br />

A creative-writ<strong>in</strong>g class was<br />

asked to write a short essay<br />

conta<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g the follow<strong>in</strong>g elements:<br />

religion, royalty, sex<br />

and mystery. The prize-w<strong>in</strong>n<strong>in</strong>g<br />

essay read: “‘My God!’ said<br />

the queen. ‘I’m pregnant.’”<br />

A creative-writ<strong>in</strong>g class was<br />

asked to write a short essay<br />

conta<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g the follow<strong>in</strong>g elements:<br />

religion, royalty, sex<br />

and mystery. The prize-w<strong>in</strong>n<strong>in</strong>g<br />

essay read: “‘My God!’ said<br />

the queen. ‘I’m pregnant.’”<br />

A creative-writ<strong>in</strong>g class was<br />

asked to write a short essay<br />

conta<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g the follow<strong>in</strong>g elements:<br />

religion, royalty, sex<br />

and mystery. The prize-w<strong>in</strong>n<strong>in</strong>g<br />

essay read: “‘My God!’ said<br />

the queen. ‘I’m pregnant.’”<br />


Ja, mit diesem Spiel, <strong>in</strong> dem die Spieler Witze,<br />

Reime, Zungenbrecher und lustige Zitate zum<br />

Besten geben. Und da Spielen ja e<strong>in</strong>e ernste<br />

Angelegenheit ist, versuchen alle sich das<br />

Lachen zu verkneifen, denn das gibt Extrapunkte.<br />

Für 3 – 8 Spieler ab 12 Jahren. Mit 400 Witzen,<br />

Zungenbrechern und Reimen, 252 Kärtchen<br />

mit 504 Vokabeln und 1 Spielanleitung mit<br />

ausführlichem Vokabelteil.<br />

In Zusammenarbeit mit:<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14<br />


www.sprachenshop.de/spiele<br />

oder im Buch- und Spielwarenhandel<br />

3 19,95 (UVP)<br />

Mehr Informationen auf<br />


CONTENTS | May 2014<br />

<strong>Otto</strong> Waalkes <strong>in</strong> English<br />

The comedian who makes you laugh until you cry<br />

can do it <strong>in</strong> English, too. An exclusive <strong>in</strong>terview.<br />

24 30<br />

Go<strong>in</strong>g to Glasgow<br />

Toby Sk<strong>in</strong>gsley takes us to Scotland’s most excit<strong>in</strong>g<br />

city, a “dear green place” where art meets <strong>in</strong>dustry.<br />

6 People<br />

Names and faces from around the world<br />

8 A Day <strong>in</strong> My Life<br />

A firefighter <strong>in</strong> Los Angeles<br />

10 World View<br />

What’s news and what’s hot<br />

13 Brita<strong>in</strong> Today<br />

Col<strong>in</strong> Beaven on <strong>in</strong>come <strong>in</strong>equality<br />

22 Food<br />

Animal-friendly ways of produc<strong>in</strong>g meat<br />

40 History<br />

F<strong>in</strong>d<strong>in</strong>g Anglo-Saxon treasures 75 years ago<br />

42 Press Gallery<br />

A look at the English-language media<br />

44 Arts<br />

Films, apps, books, culture and a short story<br />

66 The Lighter Side<br />

Jokes and cartoons<br />

67 American Life<br />

G<strong>in</strong>ger Kuenzel on small-town politics<br />

28 I Ask Myself<br />

Amy Argets<strong>in</strong>ger on the pass<strong>in</strong>g of a great actor<br />

36 Around Oz<br />

Peter Flynn on fairness for Aborig<strong>in</strong>es<br />

38 Debate<br />

Is pop culture try<strong>in</strong>g too hard to be sexy?<br />

People <strong>in</strong> Norwich, England, have their say<br />

68 Feedback & Impressum<br />

Your letters to <strong>Spotlight</strong> — and our responses<br />

69 Next Month<br />

What’s com<strong>in</strong>g next month <strong>in</strong> <strong>Spotlight</strong><br />

70 Humour Special<br />

A look at the differences <strong>in</strong> humour between<br />

German- and English-speak<strong>in</strong>g cultures<br />

Fotos: action press; Alamy; iStock; T. Sk<strong>in</strong>gsley<br />


<strong>Spotlight</strong> plus<br />

Every month, you can explore<br />

and practise the language and<br />

grammar of <strong>Spotlight</strong> with the<br />

exercise booklet plus.<br />

F<strong>in</strong>d out more at:<br />

www.spotlight-onl<strong>in</strong>e.de/plus<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong> Audio<br />

This monthly 60-m<strong>in</strong>ute CD/download<br />

br<strong>in</strong>gs the world of <strong>Spotlight</strong><br />

to your ears. Enjoy <strong>in</strong>terviews and<br />

travel stories and try the exercises.<br />

F<strong>in</strong>d out more at:<br />

www.spotlight-onl<strong>in</strong>e.de/audio<br />

new cover<br />

4 <strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14

14<br />

The words you need<br />

Discover where you can f<strong>in</strong>d the words that will serve<br />

you best and how you can build your vocabulary.<br />

37<br />

Easy English<br />

Don’t miss Green Light, the eight-page booklet for<br />

learn<strong>in</strong>g English <strong>in</strong> an easy, fun way.<br />


50 Vocabulary<br />

The language you need to talk about tea<br />

52 Travel Talk<br />

Travell<strong>in</strong>g by coach<br />

53 Language Cards<br />

Pull out and practise<br />

55 Everyday English<br />

Words and phrases for go<strong>in</strong>g to the dentist<br />

57 The Grammar Page<br />

Us<strong>in</strong>g the future perfect tense<br />

58 Peggy’s Place: The Soap<br />

The latest from a London pub<br />

59 English at Work<br />

Ken Taylor answers your questions<br />

60 Spoken English<br />

Ways to change the topic of a conversation<br />

61 Word Builder<br />

A focus on the words <strong>in</strong> <strong>Spotlight</strong><br />

62 Perfectionists Only!<br />

Nuances of English<br />

63 Crossword<br />

F<strong>in</strong>d the words and w<strong>in</strong> a prize<br />


<strong>Spotlight</strong> Audio: hear texts and <strong>in</strong>terviews on our CD or<br />

download. See www.spotlight-onl<strong>in</strong>e.de/hoeren<br />


The levels of difficulty <strong>in</strong> <strong>Spotlight</strong> magaz<strong>in</strong>e correspond roughly to<br />

The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages:<br />

A2 B1– B2 C1– C2<br />

To f<strong>in</strong>d your level, visit Sprachtest.de<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong> plus: 24 pages of language exercises related<br />

to the magaz<strong>in</strong>e. See www.spotlight-onl<strong>in</strong>e.de/ueben<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong> <strong>in</strong> the classroom: free of charge to teachers who<br />

subscribe to <strong>Spotlight</strong>. See www.spotlight-onl<strong>in</strong>e.de/teachers<br />

Readers’ service: abo@spotlight-verlag.de · www.spotlight-onl<strong>in</strong>e.de<br />

Tel.: +49 (0)89 / 85681-16 · Fax: +49 (0)89 / 85681-159<br />

www.SprachenShop.de: order products<br />

from our onl<strong>in</strong>e shop (see page 48).<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong><br />

<strong>in</strong> the classroom<br />

Teachers: if you use <strong>Spotlight</strong> <strong>in</strong><br />

your lessons, this six-page supplement<br />

will provide great ideas for<br />

classroom activities based on the<br />

magaz<strong>in</strong>e. Free for all teachers<br />

who subscribe to <strong>Spotlight</strong>.<br />

www.spotlight-onl<strong>in</strong>e.de<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong> Onl<strong>in</strong>e will help you to improve<br />

your English every day. Try our language<br />

exercises or read about current events<br />

and fasc<strong>in</strong>at<strong>in</strong>g places to visit. Subscribers<br />

will also f<strong>in</strong>d a list of all the glossed vocabulary<br />

from each issue of the magaz<strong>in</strong>e.<br />

5|14 <strong>Spotlight</strong><br />


PEOPLE | Names and Faces<br />

The actress<br />

Who exactly is…<br />

Leah Rem<strong>in</strong>i?<br />

For years, Leah Rem<strong>in</strong>i has been<br />

best known for her role as the<br />

outspoken Carrie Heffernan,<br />

play<strong>in</strong>g opposite Kev<strong>in</strong><br />

James on the TV show<br />

The K<strong>in</strong>g of Queens.<br />

Last summer, however,<br />

people started<br />

talk<strong>in</strong>g about her<br />

for a different reason:<br />

she had very<br />

publicly left the<br />

Church of Scientology,<br />

after<br />

be<strong>in</strong>g a member<br />

for more<br />

than 30 years.<br />

In a recent<br />

<strong>in</strong>terview with<br />

the social news<br />

website Buzz-<br />

Feed, Rem<strong>in</strong>i<br />

expla<strong>in</strong>ed that<br />

she had grown<br />

up <strong>in</strong> Scientology,<br />

even liv<strong>in</strong>g<br />

<strong>in</strong> one of the<br />

compounds of<br />

the church as a<br />

child. When<br />

she was 13,<br />

her mother<br />

moved the<br />

family out of the compound and <strong>in</strong>to<br />

Hollywood, but they rema<strong>in</strong>ed active<br />

<strong>in</strong> the church.<br />

Rem<strong>in</strong>i began act<strong>in</strong>g as a teenager<br />

and got her big break — the role of<br />

Carrie Heffernan — <strong>in</strong> 1998, when<br />

she was 28 years old. The show was a<br />

huge success: it ran for eight years<br />

and often had more than ten million<br />

viewers.<br />

In 2003, Rem<strong>in</strong>i married Angelo<br />

Pagán, an actor and producer. One<br />

year later, they had a daughter, Sofia.<br />

Rem<strong>in</strong>i told BuzzFeed that her<br />

daughter was her biggest motivation<br />

<strong>in</strong> leav<strong>in</strong>g Scientology last year: “She<br />

was gett<strong>in</strong>g to the age where the acclimation<br />

to the church would have<br />

to start.” And the actress had become<br />

disillusioned with the church: “They<br />

say they’re lov<strong>in</strong>g, car<strong>in</strong>g, nonjudgemental<br />

people, but secretly, they<br />

were judg<strong>in</strong>g the world for not believ<strong>in</strong>g<br />

what they believed.”<br />

Leav<strong>in</strong>g the church meant leav<strong>in</strong>g<br />

beh<strong>in</strong>d many old friends, but Rem<strong>in</strong>i’s<br />

family seems to be support<strong>in</strong>g<br />

her through the process.<br />

So what’s next? The actress has a<br />

role <strong>in</strong> the comedy series The Exes,<br />

about a group of divorced friends, and<br />

she is writ<strong>in</strong>g her memoirs — which<br />

are sure to be an <strong>in</strong>terest<strong>in</strong>g read.<br />

acclimation [)ÄklI(meIS&n] N. Am.<br />

Anpassung<br />

affection [E(fekS&n]<br />

Zuneigung<br />

appeal<strong>in</strong>g [E(pi:&lIN]<br />

ansprechend, reizvoll<br />

break [breIk]<br />

hier: Durchbruch<br />

compound [(kQmpaUnd]<br />

Gelände, Niederlassung<br />

factual [(fÄktSuEl]<br />

Realityhero<strong>in</strong>e<br />

[(herEUIn]<br />

Held<strong>in</strong><br />

horse-drawn carriage [)hO:s drO:n (kÄrIdZ] Pferdekutsche<br />

irreverence [I(rev&rEns]<br />

Respektlosigkeit, Sarkasmus<br />

mayor [meE]<br />

Bürgermeister(<strong>in</strong>)<br />

non-judgemental [)nQn dZVdZ(ment&l] unvore<strong>in</strong>genommen<br />

pissed off [pIst (Qf] N. Am. vulg.<br />

sauer, angepisst<br />

replica [(replIkE]<br />

Nachbildung<br />

rub [rVb] reiben (➝ p. 61)<br />

season [(si:z&n]<br />

hier: Staffel<br />

In the news<br />

When Jeremy Clarkson’s show<br />

about cars started its new season early<br />

this year, more than five million people<br />

<strong>in</strong> Brita<strong>in</strong> were watch<strong>in</strong>g. The Gu<strong>in</strong>ness<br />

Book of World Records says Top<br />

Gear is the most widely viewed factual<br />

TV show <strong>in</strong> the world — it runs <strong>in</strong> 214<br />

countries and territories. Last year, the<br />

BBC reported that<br />

the show has a<br />

large follow<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong><br />

Iran, say<strong>in</strong>g that<br />

Clarkson’s irreverence<br />

and “colourful”<br />

style make an<br />

appeal<strong>in</strong>g contrast<br />

to other Iranian TV<br />

shows.<br />

Shakespeare’s fictional character<br />

Juliet is real to many people. In<br />

Verona, a statue of the hero<strong>in</strong>e stands<br />

<strong>in</strong> the courtyard of what is known as<br />

“Juliet’s house”. The Telegraph reports<br />

that almost 250,000 tourists visit the<br />

house each year, and many of them<br />

rub the statue’s right breast,<br />

hop<strong>in</strong>g for luck <strong>in</strong> love.<br />

With so many people<br />

giv<strong>in</strong>g it their affection,<br />

however, the statue is<br />

show<strong>in</strong>g signs of damage.<br />

So the city has moved<br />

it to a museum — but<br />

promises to put a<br />

replica <strong>in</strong> its place.<br />

In his latest action film, Non-Stop,<br />

Liam Neeson fights bad guys on<br />

board an aeroplane. In real life, Neeson<br />

recently fought aga<strong>in</strong>st someone<br />

closer to home: Bill de Blasio, the<br />

mayor of New York City. De Blasio<br />

wanted to stop horse-drawn carriages<br />

from runn<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> the city. On The Daily<br />

Show, Neeson said he was “a little bit<br />

pissed off” about this. The actor, who<br />

lives <strong>in</strong> New York, knows several carriage<br />

drivers. “These guys treat their<br />

horses like their children,” he said.<br />

6<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14

Out of the ord<strong>in</strong>ary<br />

When he was given a school project<br />

about outer space, four-year-old<br />

Lucas Whiteley from West Yorkshire<br />

decided to ask for help from the<br />

experts. So he and his father sent<br />

three questions about stars, the moon<br />

and space travel to NASA. As the Daily<br />

Mail reports, a research eng<strong>in</strong>eer<br />

named Ted Garbeff surprised Lucas by Lucas: space magic<br />

respond<strong>in</strong>g with a ten-m<strong>in</strong>ute video. “It’s really a lot of fun be<strong>in</strong>g<br />

an eng<strong>in</strong>eer,” Garbeff said <strong>in</strong> the video, after answer<strong>in</strong>g Lucas’s<br />

questions. “You get to play with great toys all day, and most importantly,<br />

you get to learn about the world.”<br />

Orig<strong>in</strong>ally from New Zealand, Natalie Sisson has had no home<br />

for the past four years by choice. The New Zealand Herald expla<strong>in</strong>s<br />

that Sisson works onl<strong>in</strong>e — blogg<strong>in</strong>g, market<strong>in</strong>g digital products and<br />

provid<strong>in</strong>g coach<strong>in</strong>g through Skype — and that she has no permanent<br />

address. Last year, Sisson spent time <strong>in</strong> 15 different countries.<br />

“People th<strong>in</strong>k that I’m either crazy, a little bit strange, or they th<strong>in</strong>k<br />

it sounds fantastic,” she said. Her blog and book, both called The<br />

Suitcase Entrepreneur, aim to help other people enjoy a similar<br />

lifestyle as a “digital nomad”.<br />

The newcomer<br />

• Name: Andrew Mupuya<br />

• Age: 21<br />

• From: Uganda<br />

• Occupation: bus<strong>in</strong>essman<br />

• What he’s done: He started mak<strong>in</strong>g<br />

and sell<strong>in</strong>g paper bags while still at<br />

school. Today, he owns a company<br />

that employs 16 people and produces<br />

20,000 paper bags a week.<br />

• Why it matters: Old plastic<br />

bags are an environmental problem<br />

<strong>in</strong> Uganda. They block dra<strong>in</strong>age<br />

systems and collect along the road.<br />

• What he’s go<strong>in</strong>g to do: Mupuya<br />

now wants to expand his bus<strong>in</strong>ess and<br />

supply environmentally friendly paper<br />

bags across Africa. “My vision is to<br />

have a cleaner Africa by eradicat<strong>in</strong>g<br />

use of plastic bags and [putt<strong>in</strong>g more]<br />

emphasis on paper recycl<strong>in</strong>g,” he<br />

told the BBC.<br />

Fotos: action press; Dana Press; laif; Getty Images; PR<br />

freiwillig<br />

Beratung<br />

entschlossen<br />

hier: Turmspr<strong>in</strong>ger(<strong>in</strong>)<br />

Abwasser-<br />

(gänzlich) abschaffen<br />

Ehrlichkeit<br />

Weltraum<br />

Fe<strong>in</strong>heit<br />

Machover: sound of the city<br />

by choice [baI (tSOIs]<br />

coach<strong>in</strong>g [(kEUtSIN]<br />

determ<strong>in</strong>ed [di(t§:mInd]<br />

diver [(daIvE]<br />

dra<strong>in</strong>age [(dreInIdZ]<br />

eradicate [I(rÄdIkeIt]<br />

honesty [(QnEsti]<br />

outer space [)aUtE (speIs]<br />

subtlety [(sVt&lti]<br />

What does a city sound like?<br />

American Tod Machover<br />

is good at f<strong>in</strong>d<strong>in</strong>g out. He has<br />

composed symphonies for<br />

Toronto, Ed<strong>in</strong>burgh and, most<br />

recently, Perth. Machover creates<br />

the music by ask<strong>in</strong>g people<br />

to send him record<strong>in</strong>gs<br />

that they feel represent their<br />

city. Thousands of West Australians<br />

helped with the piece<br />

Between the Desert and the<br />

Deep Blue Sea: A Symphony<br />

for Perth. “I th<strong>in</strong>k that the ability<br />

to listen to the world, to<br />

hear the beauty, complexity<br />

and subtlety of what is already<br />

around us, will make each of<br />

our lives richer,” Machover<br />

told The Australian.<br />

Texts by RITA FORBES<br />

Happy birthday!<br />

One of Brita<strong>in</strong>’s star athletes is grow<strong>in</strong>g up. On 21 May,<br />

the diver Tom Daley will celebrate his 20th birthday.<br />

Daley became world famous when he competed <strong>in</strong><br />

the 2008 Beij<strong>in</strong>g Olympics. Just 14 years old, he was the<br />

youngest British Olympic athlete at the games. Four<br />

years later, <strong>in</strong> the London Olympics, he won a bronze<br />

medal.<br />

Daley recently began work<strong>in</strong>g with a new coach <strong>in</strong><br />

preparation for the Commonwealth Games <strong>in</strong> Glasgow<br />

this August, and he is determ<strong>in</strong>ed to w<strong>in</strong><br />

gold at the 2016 Olympics <strong>in</strong> Rio. “I’ve got a gold<br />

medal <strong>in</strong> every other major event except for<br />

that one,” he told The Guardian. “That’s the one<br />

I need to get.”<br />

In 2012, Daley wrote an autobiography called<br />

My Life. Last December, he opened up about<br />

his personal life <strong>in</strong> a new way by putt<strong>in</strong>g<br />

a video on YouTube. In the video, he<br />

talked about difficulties <strong>in</strong> his personal<br />

life, <strong>in</strong>clud<strong>in</strong>g his father’s death from<br />

cancer. Then he told his fans that he<br />

was <strong>in</strong> a relationship that made him<br />

very happy — with a man. “Honesty<br />

is someth<strong>in</strong>g that I really do<br />

believe <strong>in</strong>,” he said. “My friends<br />

and family are always there<br />

to support me. And I hope<br />

you guys will be, too.”

A DAY IN MY LIFE | United States<br />

Keep<strong>in</strong>g<br />

Los Angeles safe<br />

Vom Putzen der Station bis zum Leben retten – für e<strong>in</strong>en Feuerwehrmann gibt es immer etwas<br />

zu tun. TALITHA LINEHAN berichtet.<br />

Just<strong>in</strong> Furtado<br />

at the<br />

firehouse<br />

My name is Just<strong>in</strong><br />

Furtado, and I’m<br />

34 years old. I’m<br />

a firefighter / paramedic with<br />

the South Pasadena Fire Department,<br />

which covers an<br />

area of about three and a half<br />

square miles — roughly n<strong>in</strong>e<br />

square kilometers. We also<br />

work with firefighters from<br />

12 other cities <strong>in</strong> Los Angeles<br />

and on major disasters such<br />

as forest fires and earthquakes<br />

<strong>in</strong> the state of California.<br />

A typical shift lasts 48<br />

hours, and there are usually<br />

seven guys on a shift — five<br />

firefighters, a capta<strong>in</strong>, and a<br />

battalion chief. When we’re<br />

on a shift, we eat and sleep at<br />

the station. We get up at<br />

7 a.m., dr<strong>in</strong>k coffee, and<br />

watch the morn<strong>in</strong>g news. At<br />

7:30, we have a morn<strong>in</strong>g meet<strong>in</strong>g. That’s when the capta<strong>in</strong><br />

lets us know the plan for the day. We always have a daily<br />

schedule, although that gets <strong>in</strong>terrupted whenever a call<br />

comes <strong>in</strong>.<br />

After the meet<strong>in</strong>g, we take the time to clean the station.<br />

Each of us is given a certa<strong>in</strong> task. For example, my task is<br />

to clean the bathroom. Another person takes care of the<br />

floors, so he will do the mopp<strong>in</strong>g and vacuum<strong>in</strong>g. Then<br />

we check our equipment to make sure it’s ready for the<br />

day. If there’s time, some of us will work out for an hour<br />

before breakfast, which is always at 9:30. We all chip <strong>in</strong><br />

for food, to make sure that we have a well-stocked kitchen.<br />

Usually, we cook up someth<strong>in</strong>g like eggs or oatmeal.<br />

capta<strong>in</strong> [(kÄptEn]<br />

fire department<br />

[(faI&r di)pA:rtmEnt] N. Am.<br />

firefighter [(faI&rfaIt&r]<br />

mop [mA:p]<br />

oatmeal [(oUtmi:&l]<br />

paramedic [)pÄrE(medIk]<br />

vacuum [(vÄkjuEm]<br />

well-stocked [)wel (stA:kt]<br />

work out [w§:k (aUt]<br />

Ready to respond:<br />

firefighters work<br />

hard to save lives<br />

hier: Hauptmann, -frau<br />

Feuerwehr<br />

Feuerwehrmann, -frau<br />

feucht wischen<br />

Haferbrei<br />

Rettungssanitäter(<strong>in</strong>)<br />

staubsaugen<br />

gut bestückt.<br />


Fotos: J. Simpson; Corbis; F1 Onl<strong>in</strong>e; Th<strong>in</strong>kstock<br />

At 10, we start our workday. We might be go<strong>in</strong>g out<br />

to schools to do fire drills, visit<strong>in</strong>g bus<strong>in</strong>esses to check<br />

that they’re operat<strong>in</strong>g safely, or <strong>in</strong>spect<strong>in</strong>g fire hydrants.<br />

And we’re always do<strong>in</strong>g tra<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g. Today, we had a class<br />

on forcible entry. We learned how to open doors with<br />

our tools while creat<strong>in</strong>g m<strong>in</strong>imal damage. At noon, we<br />

have lunch, and some of the guys take a nap afterwards.<br />

Then we return to the scheduled rout<strong>in</strong>e between 1 and<br />

4 p.m.<br />

When a call comes <strong>in</strong>, we drop everyth<strong>in</strong>g. We get an<br />

average of five to six calls a day. Our most common call is<br />

a medical emergency. We also get a lot of accidents, because<br />

the 110 freeway is nearby. Our goal is to be out the<br />

door <strong>in</strong> 60 seconds. The first th<strong>in</strong>g we do is check the map<br />

so we know what route we’re tak<strong>in</strong>g. If it’s a fire or an accident,<br />

we put on full protective gear.<br />

When we get to the scene, we look at the situation and<br />

then prioritize. So we might be focus<strong>in</strong>g on patient care,<br />

or putt<strong>in</strong>g out a fire, or break<strong>in</strong>g down a door. We do<br />

whatever needs to be done, but sav<strong>in</strong>g lives always comes<br />

first. We see all k<strong>in</strong>ds of trauma on the job — people gett<strong>in</strong>g<br />

hit by cars, fall<strong>in</strong>g off roofs, drown<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> pools. When<br />

I’m work<strong>in</strong>g, I’m desensitized to it because I’m focused on<br />

what I can do to help.<br />

When we arrive back at the station, we get our equipment<br />

ready for the next call and then return to the schedule.<br />

D<strong>in</strong>ner is at 5, and the cook<strong>in</strong>g responsibility is passed<br />

from person to person. A lot of us enjoy cook<strong>in</strong>g, so we<br />

eat very well here. After d<strong>in</strong>ner, we play cards to decide<br />

who does the dishes. Then some of us work out aga<strong>in</strong>, or<br />

read, or watch TV. I’m prepar<strong>in</strong>g for the eng<strong>in</strong>eer’s exam,<br />

so I study for that.<br />

At 10, guys start gett<strong>in</strong>g ready for bed. Calls come <strong>in</strong><br />

dur<strong>in</strong>g the night, so our sleep is often <strong>in</strong>terrupted. Sometimes,<br />

we’re up three to four times a night. When that happens,<br />

the next day is rough, but you get used to it. My<br />

passion is firefight<strong>in</strong>g, and it’s all part of the job.<br />

alert [E(l§:t]<br />

desensitize [di:(sensEtaIz]<br />

do the dishes [)dU DE (dISIz]<br />

drop [drA:p]<br />

drown [draUn]<br />

fire drill [(faI&r drIl]<br />

forcible entry [)fO:rsEb&l (entri]<br />

freeway [(fri:weI] N. Am.<br />

prioritize [praI(O:rItaIz]<br />

protective gear [prE(tektIv gI&r]<br />

Answers: chip <strong>in</strong>: a) chip <strong>in</strong>; b) chipp<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong>; c) chipped <strong>in</strong><br />

roof: a) hit the roof; b) gone through the roof<br />

wach, ausgeschlafen<br />

desensibilisieren<br />

abspülen<br />

hier: alles stehen- und<br />

liegenlassen (➝ p. 61)<br />

ertr<strong>in</strong>ken<br />

Feuerwehrübung<br />

gewaltsamer Zutritt<br />

(gebührenfreie) Autobahn,<br />

auch: Schnellstraße<br />

Prioritäten setzen<br />

Schutzausrüstung,<br />

Schutzkleidung<br />

INFO TO GO<br />

chip <strong>in</strong><br />

In the text, Just<strong>in</strong> Furtado says, “We all chip <strong>in</strong> for food.”<br />

The expression “chip <strong>in</strong>” means “to contribute.” In this<br />

case, Furtado is say<strong>in</strong>g that he and his colleagues all<br />

give some money towards the cost of breakfast and<br />

other meals <strong>in</strong> the kitchen. S<strong>in</strong>ce the firefighters always<br />

eat together, “chipp<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong>” is a fair way of shar<strong>in</strong>g the<br />

shopp<strong>in</strong>g costs.<br />

Try us<strong>in</strong>g “chip <strong>in</strong>” <strong>in</strong> the follow<strong>in</strong>g sentences.<br />

a) Tom still needs to __________ for T<strong>in</strong>a’s birthday gift.<br />

b) We have a rout<strong>in</strong>e of __________ for ice cream at the<br />

office <strong>in</strong> summer.<br />

c) On my niece’s last birthday, I __________ for a new<br />

bike for her.<br />

take a nap<br />

In English, a “nap” is a short sleep that you have or<br />

“take” dur<strong>in</strong>g the day. Napp<strong>in</strong>g is normally considered<br />

a good th<strong>in</strong>g — except, perhaps, if you are caught<br />

“napp<strong>in</strong>g on the job.” If this has happened, it means<br />

you should have reacted to someth<strong>in</strong>g that required<br />

your attention, but <strong>in</strong>stead, you overlooked it — as if<br />

you’d been asleep. As described <strong>in</strong> the text, the firefighters<br />

take a nap after lunch, as part of their schedule,<br />

to make sure that they are alert afterwards and can<br />

respond effectively to emergencies. In their case, it’s<br />

OK to be caught napp<strong>in</strong>g on the job.<br />

roof<br />

Everyone knows the word “roof”: it means the top cover<strong>in</strong>g<br />

of a build<strong>in</strong>g. What’s fun about the word is how it<br />

is used <strong>in</strong> various idiomatic expressions. For example,<br />

when the price of someth<strong>in</strong>g, such as fuel, rises very<br />

quickly, people say: “The price has gone through the<br />

roof.” If you saw someone suddenly become very<br />

angry about someth<strong>in</strong>g, you can say that he or she “hit<br />

the roof”: “When she heard about the changes at the<br />

office, she hit the roof.” Complete the follow<strong>in</strong>g sentences,<br />

us<strong>in</strong>g the correct expression with “roof.”<br />

a) If you forget to buy milk aga<strong>in</strong>, Mom is go<strong>in</strong>g to<br />

_______________.<br />

b) Have you seen what coffee costs now? The price<br />

has _______________.<br />

5|14 <strong>Spotlight</strong><br />


WORLD VIEW | News <strong>in</strong> Brief<br />

History <strong>in</strong> motion:<br />

a v<strong>in</strong>tage aeroplane<br />

at Duxford’s show<br />

It’s a good month...<br />

for an air show<br />

BRITAIN Duxford is an excit<strong>in</strong>g dest<strong>in</strong>ation<br />

for both aeroplane fans and history buffs this month. On<br />

24 and 25 May, an air show will take place <strong>in</strong> this small<br />

English village close to Cambridge to commemorate the<br />

70th anniversary of the <strong>in</strong>vasion of Normandy.<br />

The aircraft to be seen <strong>in</strong> the skies <strong>in</strong>clude fighter,<br />

bomber and transport planes, and the event will be held<br />

at the Imperial War Museum Duxford, which is worth a<br />

visit at any time of the year. Located on an airfield used <strong>in</strong><br />

both world wars, the museum has more than 200 aircraft.<br />

This year, a number of special events and exhibits give<br />

visitors the chance to learn about the Normandy land<strong>in</strong>gs<br />

<strong>in</strong> the Second World War. About 13,000 British, US and<br />

Canadian troops parachuted beh<strong>in</strong>d enemy l<strong>in</strong>es as part<br />

of the <strong>in</strong>vasion on 6 June 1944, with 4,000 more storm<strong>in</strong>g<br />

the French coast <strong>in</strong> gliders.<br />

Tickets for the D-Day Anniversary Air Show cost<br />

£25.50 for adults and £18.15 for children. Admission to<br />

the museum is <strong>in</strong>cluded. For further <strong>in</strong>formation, see<br />

www.iwm.org.uk/exhibitions/iwm-duxford/air-shows<br />

airfield [(eEfi:&ld]<br />

air show [(eE SEU]<br />

Amur falcon [E(mUE )fO:lkEn]<br />

breed<strong>in</strong>g pair [(bri:dIN peE]<br />

buff [bVf] ifml.<br />

chief m<strong>in</strong>ister [)tSi:f (mInIstE]<br />

commemorate [kE(memEreIt]<br />

Flugplatz<br />

Flugschau<br />

Amurfalke<br />

Brutpaar<br />

hier: Fan<br />

M<strong>in</strong>isterpräsident(<strong>in</strong>)<br />

etw. gedenken<br />

On a w<strong>in</strong>g and a prayer<br />

INDIA May is the month of love for Amur falcons.<br />

Breed<strong>in</strong>g pairs produce up to four eggs between now and late<br />

June, then raise their young and leave Siberia to fly to <strong>in</strong>sect-rich<br />

Africa. The 20,000-kilometre journey is not an easy one: it <strong>in</strong>cludes<br />

a stop <strong>in</strong> Nagaland, where roasted falcon is a speciality.<br />

In this state <strong>in</strong> north-east India, some 150,000 of the birds have<br />

typically died <strong>in</strong> mass trapp<strong>in</strong>gs each year. The Guardian says the<br />

problem may now have been solved: last year, <strong>in</strong> a surprise proconservation<br />

decision, Nagaland <strong>in</strong>troduced a no-hunt<strong>in</strong>g policy,<br />

with f<strong>in</strong>es imposed on anyone caught kill<strong>in</strong>g the birds. Several villages<br />

jo<strong>in</strong>ed <strong>in</strong> the effort, concerned they might otherwise lose state<br />

f<strong>in</strong>ancial support — a threat made by Nagaland’s chief m<strong>in</strong>ister after<br />

D-Day [(di: deI]<br />

f<strong>in</strong>e [faIn]<br />

glider [(glaIdE]<br />

parachute [(pÄrESu:t]<br />

pro-conservation<br />

[prEU )kQnsE(veIS&n]<br />

trapp<strong>in</strong>g [(trÄpIN]<br />

Tag der alliierten Landung <strong>in</strong> der Normandie<br />

Geldstrafe<br />

Segelflugzeug<br />

mit dem Fallschirm abspr<strong>in</strong>gen<br />

für den Natur-, Tierschutz<br />

Falle<br />

media reports of bird massacres. “It is<br />

our duty to protect these wonderful<br />

birds while they are pass<strong>in</strong>g through<br />

Nagaland,” Neiphiu Rio told the press.<br />

The result has been good: several<br />

wildlife organizations reported no Falco<br />

amurensis kill<strong>in</strong>gs <strong>in</strong> 2013. As a result, says<br />

The Telegraph of Calcutta, Nagaland has<br />

been nom<strong>in</strong>ated for the India Biodiversity<br />

Awards. W<strong>in</strong>ners will be announced on 22 May.<br />

For the Amur falcon, migration<br />

is now less dangerous<br />

Fotos: Alamy; PR<br />

10 <strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14

Quiet, please<br />

UNITED STATES For many people, a good<br />

meal isn’t complete without stimulat<strong>in</strong>g conversation. But for<br />

those who would like to focus on their food, a restaurant <strong>in</strong> New<br />

York City has an <strong>in</strong>terest<strong>in</strong>g idea. At Eat, <strong>in</strong> the popular Brooklyn<br />

neighborhood of Greenpo<strong>in</strong>t, you can enjoy your d<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g experience<br />

<strong>in</strong> complete silence.<br />

Chef Nicholas Nauman borrowed the idea from Buddhist<br />

monks <strong>in</strong> India. Dur<strong>in</strong>g a visit to the city of Bodh Gaya, he saw<br />

them eat<strong>in</strong>g breakfast without say<strong>in</strong>g a word. He thought New<br />

Yorkers might benefit from a similar experience, especially s<strong>in</strong>ce<br />

restaurants <strong>in</strong> the city are often very loud. What’s more, a quiet<br />

atmosphere places the focus on the cook<strong>in</strong>g. “It’s just an opportunity<br />

to enjoy food <strong>in</strong> a way that you might not have otherwise,”<br />

Nauman told The New York Daily News. “There’s such a<br />

strong energy <strong>in</strong> the room.”<br />

Interested? The silent d<strong>in</strong>ners take place on the first Sunday<br />

of each month. The menu is fixed <strong>in</strong> advance, so you don’t have<br />

to worry about try<strong>in</strong>g to order the meal without speak<strong>in</strong>g. For<br />

more <strong>in</strong>formation, see http://eatgreenpo<strong>in</strong>t.com<br />

The beauty of silence: Buddhist monks show the way<br />

d<strong>in</strong>e [daIn]<br />

eager: be ~ to do sth. [US (i:g&r]<br />

hearken back to sth. [US )hA:rkEn (bÄk tE]<br />

mount [maUnt]<br />

speisen, essen<br />

auf etw. erpicht se<strong>in</strong>,<br />

etw. tun wollen<br />

auf etw. zurückgehen<br />

Reittier<br />

neighborhood [US (neIb&rhUd]<br />

ornery [US O:rnEri] N. Am. ifml.<br />

stimulat<strong>in</strong>g [US (stImjEleItIN]<br />

wide-open spaces<br />

[US )waId )oUpEn (speIsIz]<br />

Gegend, Viertel<br />

störrisch<br />

anregend<br />

weites flaches Land,<br />

riesige Weiten<br />

See<strong>in</strong>g Texas <strong>in</strong> style<br />

UNITED STATES “Ships of the desert”<br />

are back <strong>in</strong> service. Camels are be<strong>in</strong>g used to take visitors<br />

on tours of the wide-open spaces of Texas, a mode of<br />

transportation that hearkens back to the days of the<br />

Wild West.<br />

Guide Jason Mayfield says the threeday<br />

treks offered by the Texas Camel<br />

Corps are ga<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> popularity, thanks,<br />

<strong>in</strong> part, to the mounts’ lovely personalities.<br />

When asked how that could be —<br />

the animals are known for be<strong>in</strong>g rather<br />

ornery — he offered a sh<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g example:<br />

Butter.<br />

“There’s nobody that I would rather<br />

go hik<strong>in</strong>g or camp<strong>in</strong>g with,” Mayfield<br />

told National Public Radio of the camel<br />

he had raised from a newborn. “Butter<br />

never compla<strong>in</strong>s, is always eager to go,<br />

is always happy to see new places, new<br />

faces — and that’s what makes it excit<strong>in</strong>g<br />

for me.”<br />

These are not the first camels to<br />

work <strong>in</strong> the Big Bend region, which is<br />

on the Mexican border. Ancient camels lived <strong>in</strong> this part<br />

of West Texas 10,000 years ago. In the 1850s, the orig<strong>in</strong>al<br />

US Camel Corps moved supplies to soldiers <strong>in</strong> the<br />

area. Those camels lost their jobs when the railroad took<br />

over around the end of the 19th century.<br />

Comeback for camels:<br />

tak<strong>in</strong>g tourists<br />

to see the sights<br />

5|14 <strong>Spotlight</strong><br />


WORLD VIEW | News <strong>in</strong> Brief<br />

Why we stop work<strong>in</strong>g<br />

AUSTRALIA John Gray’s bestsell<strong>in</strong>g book about relationships<br />

taught us that men are from Mars and women are from Venus.<br />

Now, a researcher <strong>in</strong> Melbourne has uncovered yet another difference<br />

between the sexes.<br />

Diana Warren conducted an eight-year study of retirement trends<br />

and found that men and women have different reasons for decid<strong>in</strong>g<br />

when to retire. Men typically base this decision on their f<strong>in</strong>ancial<br />

well-be<strong>in</strong>g and their health. Poor health makes a man three times more<br />

likely to retire. Women usually retire to take care of loved ones, or because<br />

they want to spend<br />

When should we retire?<br />

The decision varies a lot<br />

BRITAIN Wild<br />

w<strong>in</strong>ds, heavy ra<strong>in</strong>s, tower<strong>in</strong>g<br />

waves, dramatic floods: Brita<strong>in</strong><br />

has experienced a lot of extreme<br />

weather recently. For example,<br />

last December may have<br />

been the stormiest December<br />

for more than 40 years — and<br />

the country’s storm chasers<br />

couldn’t be happier.<br />

There are about 300 storm<br />

chasers <strong>in</strong> Brita<strong>in</strong>. Paul Knightaddicted<br />

to sth.: be ~ [E(dIktId tE]<br />

anchor [(ÄNkE]<br />

batfish [(bÄtfIS]<br />

chaser [(tSeIsE]<br />

conduct [kEn(dVkt]<br />

footage [(fUtIdZ]<br />

octopus [(QktEpEs]<br />

off you go [(Qf ju )gEU]<br />

poor health [pO: (helT]<br />

predator [(predEtE]<br />

reef dweller [(ri:f )dwelE]<br />

thunderstorm [(TVndEstO:m]<br />

tower<strong>in</strong>g [(taUErIN]<br />

well-be<strong>in</strong>g [)wel (bi:IN]<br />

Waves<br />

hit southern<br />

England<br />

more time with their families.<br />

Among unmarried<br />

women, Warren learned,<br />

f<strong>in</strong>ances are the most important<br />

factor.<br />

More Australians are<br />

retir<strong>in</strong>g at a later age, accord<strong>in</strong>g<br />

to The Sydney<br />

Morn<strong>in</strong>g Herald. About a<br />

fifth of couples now plan<br />

to cont<strong>in</strong>ue work<strong>in</strong>g until<br />

at least the age of 70.<br />

nach etw. süchtig se<strong>in</strong><br />

verankern<br />

Fledermausfisch<br />

Jäger(<strong>in</strong>)<br />

durchführen, leiten<br />

Filmmaterial<br />

T<strong>in</strong>tenfisch<br />

los geht’s<br />

schlechter Gesundheitszustand<br />

Raubfisch<br />

Riffbewohner<br />

Gewitter<br />

gewaltig, turmhoch<br />

Wohlergehen<br />

Stormy weather<br />

WHAT’S HOT<br />

The room<br />

aquatic<br />

TANZANIA When an<br />

elegant hotel adds an extra room,<br />

it’s hardly the stuff of big <strong>in</strong>ternational<br />

headl<strong>in</strong>es — except when that<br />

space is located four metres below<br />

the waters of the Indian Ocean.<br />

One attraction of the “underwater<br />

room” at Manta Resort on Pemba<br />

Island is its isolation — a sure th<strong>in</strong>g<br />

anchored 250 metres away from the<br />

east coast of Africa. Its big glass w<strong>in</strong>dows<br />

are another attraction: when<br />

the sun goes down over the Zanzibar<br />

Archipelago, underwater spots<br />

light up, giv<strong>in</strong>g guests the opportunity<br />

to see octopus and other reef<br />

dwellers, such as the clever batfish,<br />

which a reporter from The Telegraph<br />

observed us<strong>in</strong>g the room’s walls to<br />

hide from predators.<br />

Just above the underwater bedroom,<br />

at sea level, is a stylish lounge<br />

that guests can use for read<strong>in</strong>g and<br />

relax<strong>in</strong>g. Another level up is a<br />

wooden terrace for watch<strong>in</strong>g the<br />

stars or ly<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> the sun.<br />

Life at sea:<br />

stylish<br />

and fun<br />

ley, head of the Tornado and Storm Research Organization, expla<strong>in</strong>ed<br />

that modern technology has made storm chas<strong>in</strong>g easier.<br />

“Now, with fast mobile <strong>in</strong>ternet, you can see where a thunderstorm<br />

is, look at your GPS [Global Position<strong>in</strong>g System], and off you go,” he<br />

told The Guardian. The hope is to witness beautiful displays of nature’s<br />

power, everyth<strong>in</strong>g from violent thunderstorms to tornados.<br />

Anyone who gets a good photograph or some video footage hopes<br />

to see it used <strong>in</strong> the newspapers or on television.<br />

Ian Michaelwaite, a storm chaser who helps to run a weather research<br />

company, has a theory about the grow<strong>in</strong>g popularity of the<br />

hobby: “I th<strong>in</strong>k, as a country, we are fasc<strong>in</strong>ated by the weather.<br />

I would say we are addicted to it.”<br />

Fotos: PR; Reuters; Wavebreak Media<br />

12 <strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14<br />


Brita<strong>in</strong> Today | COLIN BEAVEN<br />

Foto: Corbis<br />

For some years now, we’ve been<br />

hear<strong>in</strong>g a lot about Brita<strong>in</strong>’s<br />

economic problems, so better<br />

news recently has certa<strong>in</strong>ly been welcome.<br />

Inflation’s down: it’s about<br />

2 per cent. Unemployment’s down: it’s<br />

about 7 per cent. Everyth<strong>in</strong>g seems to<br />

have gone down. By the summer, this<br />

might even be true of the floodwater<br />

from last w<strong>in</strong>ter’s endless ra<strong>in</strong>fall.<br />

When th<strong>in</strong>gs improve, there are<br />

w<strong>in</strong>ners and losers, of course — even<br />

if that’s not the way the government<br />

sees it. “We’re all <strong>in</strong> this together,”<br />

George Osborne keeps say<strong>in</strong>g.<br />

As chancellor of the exchequer<br />

s<strong>in</strong>ce 2010, he’s had the job of try<strong>in</strong>g<br />

to sort out our economic crisis, so<br />

good news about the economy is no<br />

doubt music to his ears. But it doesn’t<br />

put an end to old debates about social<br />

<strong>in</strong>equality. Brita<strong>in</strong> is still a land of<br />

many qualities and many <strong>in</strong>equalities,<br />

it seems.<br />

Danny Dorl<strong>in</strong>g, professor of geography<br />

at the University of Oxford,<br />

billion [(bIljEn]<br />

chancellor of the exchequer<br />

[)tSA:nsElE Ev Di Iks(tSekE] UK<br />

debts [dets]<br />

generate money [)dZenEreIt (mVni]<br />

<strong>in</strong>equality [)Ini(kwQlEti]<br />

<strong>in</strong> turn [In (t§:n]<br />

matter [(mÄtE]<br />

no matter what [nEU )mÄtE (wQt]<br />

racetrack [(reIstrÄk]<br />

recategorize [)ri:(kÄtIgEraIz]<br />

social welfare system [)sEUS&l (welfeE )sIstEm]<br />

sort sth. out [sO:t (aUt]<br />

source [sO:s]<br />

squeeze [skwi:zd]<br />

university fee [)ju:nI(v§:sEti )fi:]<br />

vicious [(vISEs]<br />

vicious circle [)vISEs (s§:k&l]<br />

“<br />

We’re all<br />

<strong>in</strong> this<br />

together<br />

”<br />

A land of <strong>in</strong>equalities<br />

Trotz besserer Wirtschaftslage sche<strong>in</strong>t die soziale Ungleichheit<br />

immer weiter zuzunehmen. E<strong>in</strong> Teufelskreis?<br />

certa<strong>in</strong>ly th<strong>in</strong>ks so. He’s found<br />

plenty of evidence that <strong>in</strong>equality<br />

<strong>in</strong> Brita<strong>in</strong> is actually on the <strong>in</strong>crease.<br />

Does it matter? Different political<br />

parties have different views about<br />

this. The Labour Party has often<br />

talked about the need for social justice.<br />

Part of the reason why it brought<br />

<strong>in</strong> higher university fees <strong>in</strong> 2006 was<br />

to generate money that could be used<br />

to help students from poorer families.<br />

Meanwhile, the Conservative<br />

Party tends to worry that when you<br />

aim for equality, the standards you<br />

achieve are lower. The Conservativeled<br />

coalition brought <strong>in</strong> even higher<br />

university fees than Labour did.<br />

With large debts now the norm<br />

and an economy <strong>in</strong> trouble, families<br />

that aren’t poor suddenly feel a lot<br />

poorer if they have children at university.<br />

They’re the “squeezed middle<br />

class”, as the media call them.<br />

Feel<strong>in</strong>g poorer doesn’t mean you<br />

are poor. Spectacular evidence of <strong>in</strong>equality<br />

was shown on a recent BBC<br />

radio programme. It reported that<br />

some of the poorest <strong>in</strong> Brita<strong>in</strong> are hungry<br />

because they can’t afford to eat.<br />

Milliarde<br />

F<strong>in</strong>anzm<strong>in</strong>ister(<strong>in</strong>)<br />

Schulden<br />

E<strong>in</strong>nahmen erzielen<br />

Ungleichheit<br />

wiederum<br />

hier: e<strong>in</strong>e Rolle spielen, wichtig se<strong>in</strong><br />

egal, was<br />

Rennstrecke<br />

neu e<strong>in</strong>stufen<br />

Sozialhilfesystem<br />

etw. <strong>in</strong> Ordnung br<strong>in</strong>gen,<br />

etw. aus der Welt schaffen<br />

Quelle, Ursprung<br />

ausquetschen<br />

Studiengebühr<br />

bösartig<br />

Teufelskreis<br />

Col<strong>in</strong> Beaven is a freelance writer who lives and works <strong>in</strong> Southampton on the south coast of England.<br />

What is the source of this story?<br />

Bishops and other religious leaders<br />

who tell us their churches have to<br />

step <strong>in</strong> more and more with gifts of<br />

food, and who th<strong>in</strong>k a rich country<br />

like Brita<strong>in</strong> should do better.<br />

The bishops blame the government’s<br />

latest changes to the social<br />

welfare system. For example, some<br />

people who don’t work because of ill<br />

health have been recategorized;<br />

they’ve now been told they should<br />

work, and they receive less money.<br />

Others who get government help<br />

with their rent are now given less if<br />

their homes have empty bedrooms.<br />

The hope is that this will make them<br />

move to a smaller home, which <strong>in</strong><br />

turn will make room for those who<br />

need a larger place to live.<br />

The piece about the bishops was<br />

followed immediately by a report<br />

about Bernie Ecclestone (shown<br />

below), who, at the age of 83, was <strong>in</strong><br />

court because of a bus<strong>in</strong>ess dispute.<br />

He still controls Formula One motor<br />

rac<strong>in</strong>g more or less and, we’re told, is<br />

worth about two and a half billion<br />

pounds.<br />

The danger with reforms of the<br />

welfare system is that you create a<br />

vicious circle, where life gets worse<br />

and worse, no matter what you do.<br />

Motor rac<strong>in</strong>g is also a vicious<br />

circle, <strong>in</strong> a way. You<br />

drive round <strong>in</strong> a<br />

circle for hours<br />

and have to be<br />

vicious to w<strong>in</strong>.<br />

Apart from<br />

that, though,<br />

life on welfare<br />

payments and on<br />

the racetrack could<br />

hardly be more<br />

different.<br />

5|14 <strong>Spotlight</strong><br />


LANGUAGE | Vocabulary<br />

The words you need<br />

— and where to f<strong>in</strong>d them<br />

Wörterbücher haben e<strong>in</strong>e lange Geschichte und, was Lernende betrifft, e<strong>in</strong>e neue Zukunft.<br />

JOANNA WESTCOMBE berichtet, wo man das passende Wort f<strong>in</strong>det.<br />

What does “affair” mean? What’s another word for<br />

“bad”? Is “chat” a better word than “conversation”?<br />

As a language learner, you’ll<br />

probably have lots of your own questions<br />

about English — and they almost certa<strong>in</strong>ly<br />

won’t come <strong>in</strong> alphabetical order.<br />

To f<strong>in</strong>d the answers, a good place to<br />

look is <strong>in</strong> a dictionary, especially one of<br />

the new generation of onl<strong>in</strong>e learner’s<br />

dictionaries that make the most of the latest technology.<br />

These can help you to f<strong>in</strong>d the words you really<br />

need and to learn how to use them. We talk<br />

to Michael Rundell of Macmillan Dictionaries<br />

about the words that go <strong>in</strong>to this<br />

k<strong>in</strong>d of dictionary and what you as a<br />

learner can get out of them. We<br />

start, though, by look<strong>in</strong>g at the history<br />

of the English dictionary.<br />

14 <strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14

dictionary<br />

a book that lists the words of a language <strong>in</strong> alphabetical<br />

order and gives their mean<strong>in</strong>g...<br />

The above def<strong>in</strong>ition of the word from the Oxford Dictionary<br />

of English is a very short description of possibly<br />

the longest book on your bookshelf, a book that has had<br />

an extraord<strong>in</strong>ary journey <strong>in</strong> the English-speak<strong>in</strong>g world.<br />

The first major dictionary of English, the Dictionary of<br />

the English Language, was published <strong>in</strong> 1755. It had<br />

taken Dr Samuel Johnson (1709–84) eight years to<br />

write. It conta<strong>in</strong>ed 40,000 headwords, each with carefully<br />

def<strong>in</strong>ed mean<strong>in</strong>gs, as well as a huge collection of<br />

literary quotations. This dictionary became the authority<br />

on the English language for more than150 years.<br />

Johnson’s orig<strong>in</strong>al work<br />

Years of work: James Murray<br />

prepar<strong>in</strong>g his version<br />

In 1878, the Scottish<br />

l<strong>in</strong>guist James Murray<br />

(1837–1915) was<br />

<strong>in</strong>vited to Oxford to<br />

beg<strong>in</strong> work on a dictionary<br />

to replace Johnson’s<br />

— a project planned to start the follow<strong>in</strong>g year and<br />

take 10 years to complete. Murray asked the public for<br />

help with quotations to be <strong>in</strong>cluded <strong>in</strong> the dictionary,<br />

and he soon had his own red post box outside his house.<br />

Five years after start<strong>in</strong>g work on this New English<br />

Dictionary, however, Murray and his colleagues had got<br />

as far as “ant”. The editors came to realize that a language<br />

is not just what is found <strong>in</strong> historical documents. Old<br />

words develop new mean<strong>in</strong>gs, and new words are constantly<br />

enter<strong>in</strong>g the language. The l<strong>in</strong>guists cont<strong>in</strong>ued<br />

their work until 1928, when the dictionary was first<br />

published <strong>in</strong> its complete form, many years after Murray’s<br />

death. Updates were issued until 1933, when the<br />

work was published <strong>in</strong> 12 volumes and given the name<br />

it still has today — the Oxford English Dictionary.<br />

It wasn’t until 1989 that a second edition of the Oxford<br />

English Dictionary was published. Beh<strong>in</strong>d this edition,<br />

however, was a team consist<strong>in</strong>g not just of lexicographers,<br />

but of computer programmers. In 1992, a dictionary<br />

weigh<strong>in</strong>g 70 kilos and with a shelf length of more than a<br />

metre could be bought on a CD-ROM.<br />

The digital revolution has marked a turn<strong>in</strong>g po<strong>in</strong>t.<br />

Dr Johnson worked alone for years to become an authority<br />

on how English should be used. Today, you and other<br />

native and non-native speakers from around the world<br />

can add examples and comments to www.leo.org and<br />

other onl<strong>in</strong>e dictionary sites and be <strong>in</strong>volved <strong>in</strong> the mak<strong>in</strong>g<br />

of English dictionaries that show how words are used.<br />

Nowadays, of course, the Oxford English Dictionary<br />

is not the only dictionary of English. There are bil<strong>in</strong>gual<br />

and monol<strong>in</strong>gual dictionaries, dictionaries for native<br />

speakers and for learners, schoolchildren, students and<br />

adults. There are dictionaries that deal with specific topics<br />

such as idioms, collocations, quotations or topic<br />

areas such as bus<strong>in</strong>ess and law. There are paper dictionaries,<br />

electronic dictionaries and onl<strong>in</strong>e dictionaries like<br />

the Macmillan English Dictionary, from which the def<strong>in</strong>ition<br />

below is taken.<br />

dictionary<br />

a reference resource which provides <strong>in</strong>formation about<br />

words and their mean<strong>in</strong>gs, uses, and pronunciations.<br />

A dictionary may be published as a pr<strong>in</strong>ted book, or as a<br />

digital product such as a website or app, and it may be<br />

monol<strong>in</strong>gual, bil<strong>in</strong>gual, or multil<strong>in</strong>gual.<br />

Fotos: Alamy; iStock; Mauritius<br />

ant [Änt]<br />

bil<strong>in</strong>gual [baI(lINgwEl]<br />

headword [(hedw§:d]<br />

quotation [kwEU(teIS&n]<br />

volume [(vQlju:m]<br />

Ameise<br />

zweisprachig<br />

Schlagwort<br />

Zitat<br />

Band<br />

5|14 <strong>Spotlight</strong><br />


LANGUAGE | Vocabulary<br />

Words for learners<br />

If you want to understand more of what you read or listen<br />

to <strong>in</strong> English, and improve both your speak<strong>in</strong>g and writ<strong>in</strong>g<br />

abilities, many language experts would say that vocabulary<br />

is more important than grammar. In other words, you<br />

would probably ga<strong>in</strong> more from tak<strong>in</strong>g a dictionary or<br />

phrase book on holiday with you than a grammar book.<br />

But simply look<strong>in</strong>g at a new noun or verb and its translation<br />

a few times will neither help you to remember it, nor<br />

to use it correctly. To learn a word properly, you need to<br />

ask some important questions about it:<br />

Can I<br />

spell and say<br />

this word?<br />

Does this word<br />

have other<br />

mean<strong>in</strong>gs that I<br />

need to know?<br />

What other<br />

words can I<br />

use with it?<br />

Can I use this word<br />

<strong>in</strong> every situation,<br />

or does it have a<br />

better synonym?<br />

And the key question:<br />

Is this word<br />

important enough<br />

to be worth<br />

learn<strong>in</strong>g at all?<br />

What grammar do<br />

I need when I want<br />

to use this word <strong>in</strong><br />

a sentence?<br />

The answers to all of these questions can be found <strong>in</strong> one place — a good learner’s dictionary.<br />

Michael Rundell (right) has been <strong>in</strong> the dictionary bus<strong>in</strong>ess for more than<br />

30 years. He is editor-<strong>in</strong>-chief of Macmillan Dictionaries.<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong> <strong>in</strong>terviewed Rundell about the words learners need.<br />

What is the basic difference between a learner’s<br />

dictionary and other dictionaries?<br />

There are important differences between a learner’s dictionary<br />

and the standard dictionaries that are designed for<br />

native speakers of a language, or standard bil<strong>in</strong>gual dictionaries.<br />

Standard dictionaries basically tell you what<br />

th<strong>in</strong>gs mean, and perhaps give you one example of their<br />

usage. What you see <strong>in</strong> a learner’s dictionary is not just<br />

what words mean, but how they comb<strong>in</strong>e with each other,<br />

which is terribly important. Know<strong>in</strong>g what a word like<br />

“decision” means is only the start. You need to know what<br />

to do with it — you arrive at decisions, make decisions<br />

and so on. A common verb like “remember” has different<br />

grammar patterns which go with different mean<strong>in</strong>gs: you<br />

can remember do<strong>in</strong>g someth<strong>in</strong>g, or you can remember to<br />

do someth<strong>in</strong>g; and the change <strong>in</strong> the grammar fundamentally<br />

affects the mean<strong>in</strong>g. That’s the <strong>in</strong>formation you don’t<br />

get <strong>in</strong> a standard dictionary.<br />

Where do<br />

the words <strong>in</strong><br />

a learner’s<br />

dictionary<br />

come from?<br />

For those who create dictionaries, technology has had a huge<br />

impact beh<strong>in</strong>d the scenes. Certa<strong>in</strong>ly, the biggest change <strong>in</strong><br />

the past 25 years or so is <strong>in</strong> the use of corpora. The first<br />

corpus-based English learner’s dictionary came out <strong>in</strong> 1987.<br />

It was created us<strong>in</strong>g a body of seven million words. The corpus<br />

we use at Macmillan today conta<strong>in</strong>s 1.6 bn words.<br />

bn = billion [(bIljEn]<br />

editor-<strong>in</strong>-chief<br />

[)edItE In (tSi:f]<br />

grammar pattern [(grÄmE )pÄt&n]<br />

impact [(ImpÄkt]<br />

Milliarde<br />

Chefredakteur(<strong>in</strong>)<br />

grammatische<br />

Ersche<strong>in</strong>ungsform<br />

Auswirkungen, E<strong>in</strong>fluss<br />

Fotos: iStock<br />

16 <strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14

corpus<br />

(pl. corpora): newspapers, broadcasts, novels, conversations,<br />

bus<strong>in</strong>ess and the law — texts from all<br />

these areas and many more, from British, American,<br />

world English and learner English — form a corpus,<br />

a collection of texts from written and spoken language<br />

mak<strong>in</strong>g up millions of words stored on a computer.<br />

Dictionary writers and language researchers<br />

analyse corpora to f<strong>in</strong>d out how people use English<br />

when they communicate with each other: how frequently<br />

particular words are used, what their most<br />

important mean<strong>in</strong>gs are and how they comb<strong>in</strong>e with<br />

other words.<br />

Kern-<br />

hier: Merkmal<br />

hier: Kennzeichnungssystem<br />

nachschlagen<br />

core [kO:]<br />

feature [(fi:tSE]<br />

grad<strong>in</strong>g system [(greIdIN )sIstEm]<br />

look up [lUk (Vp]<br />

core vocabulary<br />

Although English speakers have about a million<br />

words to choose from, corpus research shows that<br />

people use just 7,500 of them most of the time.<br />

Around 93 per cent of most spoken or written communication<br />

consists of words from that core set —<br />

the most frequently used words <strong>in</strong> the language —<br />

and these are the words learners really need to know.<br />

How are the words <strong>in</strong> the dictionary selected?<br />

We select on the basis of frequency. There are hundreds of<br />

thousands of words <strong>in</strong> English, but some are very rare and<br />

may not be known even by native speakers. A learner’s dictionary<br />

focuses on the vocabulary that is used most frequently<br />

and that will be of greatest value for learners.<br />

What words are used to expla<strong>in</strong> the words <strong>in</strong> the<br />

dictionary?<br />

A feature of learner’s dictionaries is that they try to keep<br />

the def<strong>in</strong>itions as simple as possible. They have what is<br />

known as a “controlled def<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g vocabulary” — typically<br />

around 2,000–2,500 words that are used to write the<br />

def<strong>in</strong>itions.<br />

How does your dictionary help learners with the<br />

words they need?<br />

Let’s say I want to look up the word “smart”, because I<br />

want to know more about its different mean<strong>in</strong>gs. The first<br />

th<strong>in</strong>g you see is that the word is <strong>in</strong> red, not black like many<br />

of the other entries. This is because “smart”<br />

is part of what we call core vocabulary.<br />

You’ll see that “smart” has two red stars<br />

next to it. We have a three-star grad<strong>in</strong>g<br />

system for these red words. Those with<br />

three stars are the 2,500 most frequently<br />

used words <strong>in</strong> English — the words you<br />

absolutely have to know. Two-star<br />

words like “smart” are the next most<br />

common, between the 2,500 and<br />

5,000 most frequently used words.<br />

One-star words are still important,<br />

but less frequent.<br />

Entries for these 7,500 red words<br />

are generally longer than the others,<br />

and they give much more <strong>in</strong>formation<br />

about different mean<strong>in</strong>gs of<br />

the word, with several authentic<br />

example sentences shown for each.<br />

How do you choose your example sentences?<br />

Our aim is to show how words are used <strong>in</strong> authentic English.<br />

Corpus data can show us how a word is used <strong>in</strong> speech<br />

and writ<strong>in</strong>g, so we can see what the common patterns are.<br />

In the dictionary, we show these through examples that<br />

are taken from real texts <strong>in</strong> the corpus.<br />

What other help does<br />

a learner’s<br />

dictionary give?<br />

Under some entries, you<br />

may f<strong>in</strong>d <strong>in</strong>formation<br />

boxes. So at “advice”, the<br />

Macmillan dictionary<br />

gives a list of verbs that<br />

go with “advice” and<br />

types of adjective that<br />

modify it — common<br />

collocations. We also<br />

have “Get it right”<br />

boxes. These are based<br />

on research <strong>in</strong>to a corpus of texts produced by<br />

learners and focus on common<br />

types of error.<br />

5|14 <strong>Spotlight</strong><br />


LANGUAGE | Vocabulary<br />

Macmillan is phas<strong>in</strong>g out pr<strong>in</strong>ted dictionaries.<br />

What are the reasons beh<strong>in</strong>d this?<br />

We are beg<strong>in</strong>n<strong>in</strong>g the process of mov<strong>in</strong>g all our dictionary<br />

resources from paper to onl<strong>in</strong>e. Our ma<strong>in</strong> dictionary for<br />

advanced learners is now primarily available onl<strong>in</strong>e. Most<br />

of our other books are still <strong>in</strong> pr<strong>in</strong>t, but <strong>in</strong> three or four<br />

years’ time, they may no longer be available.<br />

The writer and philosopher Umberto Eco recently said:<br />

“The book is like the spoon, the hammer and the wheel.<br />

Once <strong>in</strong>vented, it cannot be improved.” But for once, I<br />

disagree with Professor Eco. For dictionaries and other reference<br />

material at least, the onl<strong>in</strong>e medium is ideal. You<br />

read a novel from cover to cover, but you consult a dictionary<br />

typically only when you need to know someth<strong>in</strong>g,<br />

while you are do<strong>in</strong>g someth<strong>in</strong>g else. These days, many of<br />

us use onl<strong>in</strong>e resources like Wikipedia rather than an encyclopedia,<br />

and the same is becom<strong>in</strong>g true of maps. Essentially,<br />

reference material of all k<strong>in</strong>ds is mov<strong>in</strong>g onl<strong>in</strong>e<br />

quite rapidly because of the great benefits it has for writers,<br />

developers and above all users.<br />

Does be<strong>in</strong>g onl<strong>in</strong>e make it easier to keep up with<br />

changes <strong>in</strong> the language?<br />

Absolutely! In the past, when you had to wait for a new<br />

edition of a dictionary, an enormous amount of language<br />

change would have taken place. Onl<strong>in</strong>e dictionaries can<br />

update at regular <strong>in</strong>tervals. We do this about four times a<br />

year at Macmillan, and one of the first places we look is at<br />

our Open Dictionary, to see whether there is material that<br />

deserves to be promoted to form part of the ma<strong>in</strong> dictionary.<br />

The Open Dictionary is an example of crowd-sourc<strong>in</strong>g<br />

on our site, where we ask people to tell us about words<br />

that are not yet <strong>in</strong> our dictionary. One of the nice th<strong>in</strong>gs<br />

about it is that people send us words from places such as<br />

India, Hong Kong and S<strong>in</strong>gapore that are genu<strong>in</strong>ely used<br />

<strong>in</strong> those parts of the English-speak<strong>in</strong>g world, but may not<br />

be known elsewhere.<br />

benefit [(benIfIt]<br />

bra<strong>in</strong>y [(breIni]<br />

broaden [(brO:d&n]<br />

crowd-sourc<strong>in</strong>g<br />

[(kraUd )sO:sIN]<br />

Vorteil, Nutzen<br />

gescheit, aufgeweckt<br />

sich erweitern<br />

Crowdsourc<strong>in</strong>g (Auslagerung <strong>in</strong>terner<br />

Aufgaben an e<strong>in</strong>e Gruppe freiwilliger User)<br />

What are the advantages to learners of all that<br />

digital space?<br />

There are unbelievable advantages for learners. One is<br />

audio. It means that as well as see<strong>in</strong>g how the word is pronounced,<br />

you can click on a button to hear what the word<br />

sounds like, either <strong>in</strong> British or American English. It also<br />

means that you can click on any word <strong>in</strong> an entry — say<br />

<strong>in</strong> one of the example sentences — to open up the entry<br />

for the word you’ve clicked on. In the case of “smart” and<br />

many other words, you’ll f<strong>in</strong>d a box on the right that<br />

shows all the words and phrases <strong>in</strong> which “smart” appears.<br />

In addition, under each entry, we have a thesaurus<br />

l<strong>in</strong>ked to each separate mean<strong>in</strong>g of a word or phrase. You<br />

click on the little “T” button to get a list of synonyms or<br />

related words. If you look at the thesaurus entry for<br />

“smart”, mean<strong>in</strong>g “<strong>in</strong>telligent”, you’ll get a list of words<br />

with similar mean<strong>in</strong>gs, <strong>in</strong>clud<strong>in</strong>g th<strong>in</strong>gs like “wise”,<br />

“bra<strong>in</strong>y” and “nobody’s fool”. If you look up “oak” (the<br />

tree), you’ll f<strong>in</strong>d all the other types of tree listed <strong>in</strong> the dictionary.<br />

This way of search<strong>in</strong>g is much more efficient than<br />

hav<strong>in</strong>g to look <strong>in</strong> two separate pr<strong>in</strong>ted books.<br />

Another advantage of endless space is that we no longer<br />

have to remove words. We do tweak some of the entries,<br />

though, for example, to <strong>in</strong>dicate that they are no longer<br />

current. We did that recently with “video recorder”. Dictionary<br />

users can still look the word up, but we can change<br />

the def<strong>in</strong>ition to <strong>in</strong>dicate that this is no longer a current<br />

technology.<br />

There is much more than a dictionary on your site.<br />

What else do you offer learners and teachers?<br />

The whole idea of what a dictionary is has broadened<br />

greatly from just giv<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong>formation about words and their<br />

mean<strong>in</strong>gs. Mov<strong>in</strong>g onl<strong>in</strong>e makes it possible for us to explore<br />

the bigger picture of how the language is chang<strong>in</strong>g,<br />

and how people use it.<br />

for once [fE (wVns]<br />

genu<strong>in</strong>ely [(dZenjuInli]<br />

keep up with sth. [ki:p (Vp wID]<br />

move onl<strong>in</strong>e<br />

[mu:v )Qn(laIn]<br />

nobody’s fool: be ~<br />

[)nEUbEdiz (fu:l]<br />

oak [EUk]<br />

phase sth. out [feIz (aUt]<br />

tweak sth. [twi:k] ifml.<br />

ausnahmsweise e<strong>in</strong>mal<br />

wirklich<br />

mit etw. Schritt halten,<br />

auf dem Laufenden bleiben<br />

hier: die Entscheidung,<br />

onl<strong>in</strong>e zu gehen<br />

nicht auf den Kopf gefallen<br />

se<strong>in</strong>, sich nichts vormachen<br />

lassen<br />

Eiche<br />

etw. aus dem Programm<br />

nehmen<br />

kle<strong>in</strong>e Veränderungen<br />

vornehmen, optimieren<br />

18 <strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14<br />

cont<strong>in</strong>ued on page 21

Sprachen lernen überall:<br />

Bis zu 65 % Preisvorteil!<br />

Schon ab<br />

€ 1,86<br />

im Monat<br />

Bestellen Sie jetzt!<br />

E-Paper, Audio-Download, Onl<strong>in</strong>e-Sprachtra<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g<br />

www.spotlight-verlag.de/digitalwochen<br />

+49(0)89/8 56 81-16 Stichwort „Digitalwochen“

Sprachen lernen –<br />

digital und überall<br />

Schon<br />

ab<br />

€ 1,86<br />

im Monat<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong> E-Paper Sprachmagaz<strong>in</strong> – digital<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong> Audio-Download Hörtra<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g – digital<br />

t<br />

dalango – Video-Sprachtra<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g – onl<strong>in</strong>e<br />

lt<br />

Angebot gilt<br />

für die Erstlaufzeit von 12 Monaten<br />

e/digitalwochen<br />

Bestellen Sie jetzt!<br />

E-Paper,<br />

Audio-Download, Onl<strong>in</strong>e-Sprachtra<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g<br />

www.spotlight-verlag.de/digitalwochen<br />

+49(0)89/8 56 81-16 Stichwort „Digitalwochen“

cont<strong>in</strong>ued from page 18<br />

So we can offer all sorts of additional material on the<br />

site. We have a language blog with four or five posts a week<br />

and an archive on different aspects of language and language<br />

learn<strong>in</strong>g, with material to help students, as well as<br />

ideas and lesson plans for teachers. Our weekly “buzzwords”<br />

column looks <strong>in</strong> detail at new words com<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong>to<br />

the language. We also have language games that are both<br />

fun and genu<strong>in</strong>ely useful for learners.<br />

One th<strong>in</strong>g we want to do is to br<strong>in</strong>g all our dictionary<br />

resources together, so that if you look up a word you’re <strong>in</strong>terested<br />

<strong>in</strong> and that word is also <strong>in</strong> our collocations dictionary,<br />

you can go straight to the entry <strong>in</strong> that dictionary.<br />

And we’ll just keep add<strong>in</strong>g useful material. Specialized<br />

areas such as medic<strong>in</strong>e, the law and eng<strong>in</strong>eer<strong>in</strong>g are also<br />

someth<strong>in</strong>g that we want to explore.<br />

For more <strong>in</strong>formation see: www.macmillandictionary.com<br />

Learn smart<br />

The English language is a liv<strong>in</strong>g, grow<strong>in</strong>g th<strong>in</strong>g,<br />

and today’s dictionaries live and grow with it. Modern<br />

technology is allow<strong>in</strong>g a new generation of learner’s dictionaries<br />

to help you focus on the high-frequency words<br />

that you really need <strong>in</strong> order to read, listen to, write and<br />

speak English.<br />

Remember, though: learn<strong>in</strong>g is often most successful<br />

when you are <strong>in</strong>terested, motivated or hav<strong>in</strong>g fun. Just because<br />

a word isn’t <strong>in</strong> the top 7,500 most frequently used<br />

words <strong>in</strong> the language doesn’t mean that you shouldn’t<br />

learn it — especially if it helps you to do the th<strong>in</strong>gs you<br />

want to do, such as gett<strong>in</strong>g a better job, read<strong>in</strong>g books by<br />

your favourite author <strong>in</strong> English or go<strong>in</strong>g on a sail<strong>in</strong>g holiday.<br />

You need these words as well. Make the most of smart<br />

dictionaries, however, and you can be part of a new generation<br />

of smart learners, too.<br />

adapt [E(dÄpt]<br />

benchmark [(bentSmA:k]<br />

buzzword [(bVzw§:d] ifml.<br />

collaborative [kE(lÄbErEtIv]<br />

comfort zone<br />

[(kVmfEt )zEUn]<br />

bearbeiten<br />

bewerten, e<strong>in</strong>stufen<br />

Modewort<br />

geme<strong>in</strong>schaftlich<br />

Bereich, <strong>in</strong> dem man sich<br />

sicher fühlt<br />

flash card [(flÄS kA:d]<br />

graded [(greIdId]<br />

rude [ru:d]<br />

subscribe [sEb(skraIb]<br />

widget [(wIdZIt] ifml.<br />

Lernkarte<br />

hier: an Ihr Niveau angepasst<br />

vulgär<br />

abonnieren<br />

hier etwa:<br />

(comp.) M<strong>in</strong>ianwendung<br />

Work<strong>in</strong>g with words<br />

In the <strong>in</strong>terview, Michael Rundell expla<strong>in</strong>s how a good learner’s<br />

dictionary can help you build a solid foundation for your learn<strong>in</strong>g<br />

by work<strong>in</strong>g on your core vocabulary. Here are some practical<br />

th<strong>in</strong>gs you can do both on- and offl<strong>in</strong>e that focus on build<strong>in</strong>g<br />

your vocabulary wisely and efficiently.<br />

• Turn to page 61. We choose the words <strong>in</strong> <strong>Spotlight</strong> ’s word<br />

boxes to help you understand our articles. Many of these<br />

words are not used very frequently, though. The Word Builder<br />

(page 61) takes words from these boxes that are used frequently<br />

and gives them a closer look. It’s like a m<strong>in</strong>i learner’s<br />

dictionary, with def<strong>in</strong>itions, examples, notes and exercises.<br />

• Work with vocabulary cards. Gett<strong>in</strong>g better at someth<strong>in</strong>g<br />

requires regular, mechanical practice. Us<strong>in</strong>g a card system<br />

to test yourself can build your vocabulary. You can buy<br />

packs of cards or write your own, and there are plenty of <strong>in</strong>teractive<br />

flash cards available on the <strong>in</strong>ternet and as apps.<br />

Try the British Council’s My WordBook 2.<br />

• Read at your level. Graded readers are specially written or<br />

adapted for different levels of English. We recommend one<br />

every month on page 47. Read<strong>in</strong>g with a controlled vocabulary<br />

<strong>in</strong>put helps you improve your English step by step.<br />

• Leave your comfort zone. If you f<strong>in</strong>d yourself us<strong>in</strong>g the<br />

same words (for example, “good” or “very”) when you speak<br />

or write, look <strong>in</strong> a learner’s dictionary for alternatives. You’ll<br />

soon notice that fluent speakers use these phrases, too, and<br />

then it’s just a short step to us<strong>in</strong>g them yourself.<br />

• Add a widget. If you often use an onl<strong>in</strong>e dictionary, a<br />

search box <strong>in</strong> your browser or on your web page can help<br />

you to access it quickly. F<strong>in</strong>d one from Macmillan at<br />

www.spotlight-onl<strong>in</strong>e.de Longman offers a daily dictionary<br />

picture widget at www.ldoceonl<strong>in</strong>e.com<br />

• Try it for size. Shakespeare used 30,000 words, and you<br />

need about 8,000 to understand a serious newspaper. At<br />

http://my.vocabularysize.com you can take a test to f<strong>in</strong>d<br />

out how many words and word families you know.<br />

• Have fun with texts. Copy and paste a text <strong>in</strong>to the Oxford<br />

3000’s text checker to see how many words <strong>in</strong> it are<br />

with<strong>in</strong> the top 3,000 of the language.<br />

http://oald8.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/oxford3000<br />

• Benchmark your learn<strong>in</strong>g. You can subscribe free of<br />

charge to the pilot version of English Vocabulary Profile, a<br />

major collaborative research project that shows the vocabulary<br />

learners know at levels A2 to C2. Type <strong>in</strong> a word, and<br />

you’ll f<strong>in</strong>d out which of its mean<strong>in</strong>gs are known by learners<br />

at each level. Examples are taken both from dictionaries and<br />

from authentic learner writ<strong>in</strong>g. www.<strong>english</strong>profile.org<br />

• Go native. Lovers of English around the world build communities<br />

on many <strong>in</strong>ternet sites to explore words and wordmak<strong>in</strong>g,<br />

from standard dictionary sites such as Coll<strong>in</strong>s’s to<br />

the crowd-sourced (“written by you” and often very rude)<br />

Urban Dictionary. Another site, Wordnik looks fantastic and<br />

<strong>in</strong>cludes many bizarre and beautiful words.<br />

See:<br />

www.coll<strong>in</strong>sdictionary.com<br />

www.urbandictionary.com<br />

www.wordnik.com<br />

Tips<br />

5|14 <strong>Spotlight</strong><br />


FOOD | In-Vitro Meat<br />

Chef Richard McGeown cooks the first cultured-beef burger<br />

Frankenfood”, “schmeat” and “zombie flesh” are just<br />

some of the terms used to describe a new type of<br />

food: <strong>in</strong>-vitro meat. Animal tissue grown <strong>in</strong> a laboratory,<br />

<strong>in</strong>-vitro (or cultured) meat is be<strong>in</strong>g developed by scientists<br />

as a healthy, susta<strong>in</strong>able food for the future. Although<br />

the technology is still <strong>in</strong> its early stages, supporters see it as<br />

a solution to potential global food shortages and as an alternative<br />

to farm<strong>in</strong>g and kill<strong>in</strong>g millions of animals.<br />

Meat is part of human evolution. But the idea of produc<strong>in</strong>g<br />

artificial meat is noth<strong>in</strong>g new. Science fiction has<br />

speculated about it s<strong>in</strong>ce the early 20th century; the British<br />

politician W<strong>in</strong>ston Churchill talked about it <strong>in</strong> the 1930s;<br />

and early space research explored options for feed<strong>in</strong>g astronauts.<br />

However, <strong>in</strong> August last year, Maastricht University<br />

moved the technology one giant step forward when it<br />

presented the world’s first <strong>in</strong>-vitro “cultured-beef” burger<br />

<strong>in</strong> London to the <strong>in</strong>ternational media. “The cultured-beef<br />

burger represents a crucial first step <strong>in</strong> f<strong>in</strong>d<strong>in</strong>g a susta<strong>in</strong>able<br />

alternative to meat production that’s more ethical and environmentally<br />

friendly,” said a spokesperson.<br />

Accord<strong>in</strong>g to the UN, the current world population of<br />

7.2 billion is projected to reach 9.6 billion by 2050. The<br />

UN Food and Agriculture Organization predicts that <strong>in</strong><br />

this time, global meat demand will rise by more than two<br />

thirds. However, 70 per cent of all agricultural land —<br />

that’s around a third of the earth’s surface — is already used<br />

for rais<strong>in</strong>g livestock. Roughly half the world’s cereal production<br />

is fed to animals, and livestock raised for meat<br />

The future<br />

of meat<br />

JULIAN EARWAKER untersucht, ob im<br />

Labor hergestelltes künstliches Fleisch<br />

e<strong>in</strong>e gesunde, ethische und umweltfreundliche<br />

Alternative zur globalen<br />

Fleischproduktion ist.<br />

accounts for 18 per cent of worldwide greenhousegas<br />

emissions. “Certa<strong>in</strong>ly, if cultured meat and <strong>in</strong>-vitro<br />

meat technology is go<strong>in</strong>g to do the work of address<strong>in</strong>g<br />

environmental issues on a large scale, it needs to be<br />

produced and consumed on a large scale,” says Dr<br />

Neil Stephens from Cardiff University, who is one of<br />

the UK’s lead<strong>in</strong>g researchers <strong>in</strong>to <strong>in</strong>-vitro meat.<br />

At the moment, that looks unlikely. In-vitro meat<br />

production is expensive and takes time. To grow cultured<br />

beef, scientists take muscle stem cells from a live<br />

cow and grow them <strong>in</strong> a laboratory, us<strong>in</strong>g a special<br />

medium <strong>in</strong> a controlled environment. The muscle<br />

cells grow <strong>in</strong>to t<strong>in</strong>y strands of meat. Around 20,000<br />

strands were needed to make the first 140g cultured-beef<br />

burger, at a cost of around €250,000. “Our burger is made<br />

from muscle cells taken from a cow,” said Professor Mark<br />

Post, who led the team of scientists produc<strong>in</strong>g the burger.<br />

“We haven’t changed them <strong>in</strong> any way. For it to succeed, it<br />

has to look, feel and hopefully taste like the real th<strong>in</strong>g.”<br />

account for sth. [E(kaUnt fE] etw. ausmachen<br />

address sth. [E(dres]<br />

etw. ansprechen, angehen<br />

animal tissue [(ÄnIm&l )tISu:] tierisches Gewebe<br />

artificial [)A:tI(fIS&l]<br />

künstlich<br />

billion [(bIljEn]<br />

Milliarde<br />

cereal [(sIEriEl]<br />

Getreide<br />

crucial [(kru:S&l] entscheidend (➝ p. 61)<br />

demand [di(mA:nd]<br />

Bedarf, Nachfrage<br />

food shortage [(fu:d )SO:tIdZ] Nahrungsmittelknappheit<br />

Frankenfood<br />

Wortschöpfung aus<br />

[(frÄNkEnfu:d] ifml.<br />

„Frankenste<strong>in</strong>” und „food”<br />

greenhouse [(gri:nhaUs] Treibhaus<br />

<strong>in</strong>-vitro meat [In (vi:trEU mi:t] In-vitro-Fleisch,<br />

kultiviertes Fleisch<br />

livestock [(laIvstQk]<br />

Vieh<br />

project [prE(dZekt]<br />

hier: vorhersagen<br />

scale: on a large ~ [skeI&l] <strong>in</strong> großem Maßstab<br />

space research [(speIs ri)s§:tS] Weltraumforschung<br />

spokesperson [(spEUks)p§:s&n] Sprecher(<strong>in</strong>)<br />

stem cell [(stem sel]<br />

Stammzelle<br />

strand [strÄnd]<br />

(Muskel-, Gewebe-)Strang<br />

surface [(s§:fIs]<br />

Oberfläche<br />

susta<strong>in</strong>able [sE(steInEb&l] nachhaltig<br />

Fotos: D. Parry/PA Wire<br />

22<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14

The cultured-beef burger conta<strong>in</strong>ed saffron and beetroot<br />

juice to colour the grey prote<strong>in</strong>, together with salt, egg<br />

powder and breadcrumbs for coat<strong>in</strong>g. Both of the official<br />

tasters were impressed. “I miss the fat..., but the general<br />

bite feels like a hamburger,” said Josh Schonwald, a food<br />

author from Chicago. Hanni Rützler, an Austrian food researcher,<br />

remarked on the “<strong>in</strong>tense taste” and told the BBC<br />

that “the consistency is perfect... This is meat to me.” In future,<br />

say scientists, the taste can be improved<br />

by <strong>in</strong>troduc<strong>in</strong>g fat, blood and<br />

even bone to the <strong>in</strong>-vitro meat process.<br />

English rock band The Smiths famously<br />

sang that “Meat is Murder”, but<br />

<strong>in</strong>-vitro meat <strong>in</strong>volves pa<strong>in</strong>lessly collect<strong>in</strong>g<br />

muscle cells from a liv<strong>in</strong>g cow. The<br />

research has been given support from<br />

unexpected quarters, <strong>in</strong>clud<strong>in</strong>g the animal<br />

rights organization PETA (People<br />

for the Ethical Treatment of Animals)<br />

and the World Wildlife Fund. Perhaps<br />

the biggest challenge is conv<strong>in</strong>c<strong>in</strong>g a<br />

sceptical public to get over the “yuck”<br />

factor of artificially produced meat and fears of GM. (Invitro<br />

meat technology <strong>in</strong>volves no genetic modification).<br />

The global market for meat, fish and poultry is expected<br />

to reach $639 million by the end of 2015. Beef<br />

exports are reach<strong>in</strong>g record heights. Subsidies keep prices<br />

artificially low and meat widely available. With 100 kilograms<br />

of vegetable prote<strong>in</strong> needed to produce every<br />

15 kilograms of meat, however, that is likely to change.<br />

Accord<strong>in</strong>g to the journal Environmental Science & Technology,<br />

compared with traditional meat production, <strong>in</strong>vitro<br />

meat causes only four per cent of the greenhouse emissions<br />

and uses just one per cent of the land, and around<br />

half of the total energy. It is also disease-free, healthy meat<br />

with none of the problems of animal welfare, waste and<br />

pollution. Maastricht University believes that cultured beef<br />

could be <strong>in</strong> production with<strong>in</strong> 10 to 20 years. Without<br />

large-scale <strong>in</strong>vestment, however,<br />

Dr Stephens says that looks<br />

highly optimistic. He estimates<br />

that only 20 to 40 scientists<br />

worldwide are currently active<br />

<strong>in</strong> cultured-meat<br />

research. He also po<strong>in</strong>ts<br />

out that technical, legal<br />

and social issues may<br />

stand <strong>in</strong> the way of expand<strong>in</strong>g<br />

<strong>in</strong>-vitro meat<br />

production.<br />

The Next Nature<br />

Foundation, based <strong>in</strong> the<br />

Netherlands, th<strong>in</strong>ks that<br />

<strong>in</strong>-vitro technology can<br />

br<strong>in</strong>g “entirely new food experiences and eat<strong>in</strong>g habits” <strong>in</strong>volv<strong>in</strong>g<br />

colourful, tasty “magic meatballs”, “knitted meat”<br />

from th<strong>in</strong> strands of prote<strong>in</strong>, and “meat fruit”, comb<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g<br />

<strong>in</strong>-vitro meat with real fruit. Frankenfood? Schmeat? Zombie<br />

flesh? Perhaps. But the idea of commercially produced<br />

<strong>in</strong>-vitro meat is certa<strong>in</strong>ly alive and kick<strong>in</strong>g.<br />

Mark Post: daddy of the cultured-beef burger<br />

Cultured<br />

meat: good<br />

for animals<br />

and for the<br />

environment<br />


animal welfare [)ÄnIm&l (welfeE]<br />

beetroot [(bi:tru:t] UK<br />

breadcrumbs [(bredkrVmz]<br />

coat<strong>in</strong>g [(kEUtIN]<br />

fancy-schmancy<br />

[)fÄnsi (SmÄnsi] ifml.<br />

knit [nIt]<br />

poultry [(pEUltri]<br />

saffron [(sÄfrEn]<br />

shortlist [(SO:tlIst]<br />

subsidies [(sVbsEdiz]<br />

tissue [(tISu:]<br />

yuck [jVk] ifml.<br />

In the laboratory:<br />

no animals to be seen here<br />

The Oxford Dictionaries’ 2013 Word of the Year<br />

shortlist <strong>in</strong>cluded the word schmeat, an <strong>in</strong>formal<br />

noun mean<strong>in</strong>g a form of meat produced synthetically<br />

from biological tissue. It is believed to orig<strong>in</strong>ate<br />

from a comb<strong>in</strong>ation of “synthetic” and “meat”, and is<br />

<strong>in</strong>fluenced by the use of “schm” as a negative exclamation.<br />

Take, for example, “fancy-schmancy”: “Some<br />

of the gourmet food you get <strong>in</strong> fancy-schmancy<br />

places just tastes strange to me.”<br />

Tierschutz<br />

rote Beete<br />

Semmelbrösel<br />

hier: Panade<br />

schickimicki<br />

stricken<br />

Geflügel<br />

Safran<br />

engere Auswahlliste<br />

Subventionen<br />

Gewebe<br />

igitt<br />

5|14 <strong>Spotlight</strong><br />


<strong>Otto</strong> Waalkes<br />

The comedian’s many<br />

funny faces<br />

exclusive<br />

Seit Jahrzehnten br<strong>in</strong>gt <strong>Otto</strong> die deutschsprachige<br />

Welt zum Lachen – oft auf Englisch. Was ist für ihn das<br />

Besondere an der englischen Sprache?

My Life <strong>in</strong> English | QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS<br />

What makes English important to you as a comedian?<br />

English is the world language. If it’s your<br />

aim to make as many people as possible laugh, you’ll always<br />

need it. I’m also learn<strong>in</strong>g Ch<strong>in</strong>ese and Russian and<br />

Spanish and French, so soon, the whole world will laugh<br />

and never stop. This is my five-year plan.<br />

“<br />

Hänsel<br />

and Gretel<br />

<strong>in</strong> West<br />

Virg<strong>in</strong>ia...<br />

”<br />

When was your first English lesson, and<br />

what can you remember about it?<br />

My first English lesson must have<br />

been the day I bought my first<br />

T-shirt, because then I had to say<br />

“T-shirt”.<br />

Who is your favourite English-language<br />

author, actor or musician and why?<br />

Among others, I cherish St<strong>in</strong>g; he has covered a few of<br />

my songs, too. Or was it the other way round? I can’t<br />

remember...<br />

Which song could you s<strong>in</strong>g at least a few l<strong>in</strong>es of <strong>in</strong><br />

English?<br />

All of them! I am very good with the lyrics of “Funeral<br />

for a Friend” by Elton John, “Moby Dick” by Led<br />

Zeppel<strong>in</strong>, and I also s<strong>in</strong>g P<strong>in</strong>k Floyd’s “One of These<br />

Days” a lot.<br />

What is your favourite food from the English-speak<strong>in</strong>g<br />

world?<br />

Well, I’ve been on a seafood diet: I see food, and I eat it.<br />

friends over the years. But this <strong>in</strong>terview<br />

is quite hilarious as well.<br />

Have you ever worked <strong>in</strong> an Englishspeak<strong>in</strong>g<br />

environment? If so, what was it like?<br />

As you may know, I gave some t<strong>in</strong>y American creatures<br />

a voice. When you’re do<strong>in</strong>g voice-over, you always<br />

work together with the orig<strong>in</strong>al film companies.<br />

And — between us — Sid from the Ice Age movies, for<br />

example, did not do a good job of learn<strong>in</strong>g German. My<br />

little furry friend is quite thick-witted and lazy, you<br />

know. I lent him my voice so he could make the German<br />

kids laugh, too.<br />

Which is your favourite city <strong>in</strong> the English-speak<strong>in</strong>g<br />

world and why?<br />

That would be Ottawa. It’s basically a shortened form of<br />

my name!<br />

What special tip would you give a friend who was go<strong>in</strong>g<br />

to visit this city?<br />

$2.50.<br />

Cool friends:<br />

<strong>Otto</strong> with<br />

Sid from<br />

Ice Age<br />

I am<br />

the<br />

“ viper...<br />

”<br />

Which person from the English-speak<strong>in</strong>g world (liv<strong>in</strong>g or<br />

dead) would you most like to meet and why?<br />

Liv<strong>in</strong>g or dead? Then I’d like to meet all the dead ones.<br />

At least they cannot harm you.<br />

If you could be anywhere <strong>in</strong> the English-speak<strong>in</strong>g world<br />

right now, where would it be?<br />

Buck<strong>in</strong>gham Palace, maybe. I hear Her Majesty has<br />

some good tea.<br />

What was your best or funniest experience <strong>in</strong> English?<br />

Well, do<strong>in</strong>g the voice-over for Sid from the Ice Age movie<br />

was so much fun. He and I have become really good<br />

Fotos: action press; dpa/picture alliance<br />

between us [bi)twi:n (Vs]<br />

cherish [(tSerIS]<br />

furry [(f§:ri]<br />

hilarious [hI(leEriEs]<br />

lyrics [(lIrIks]<br />

thick-witted [)TIk (wItId]<br />

tip [tIp]<br />

voice-over [(vOIs )EUvE]<br />

unter uns gesagt<br />

(wert)schätzen<br />

pelzig<br />

wahns<strong>in</strong>nig komisch<br />

Songtext<br />

begriffsstutzig<br />

Ratschlag; Tr<strong>in</strong>kgeld<br />

Off-Stimme; hier: Synchronisierung<br />

5|14 <strong>Spotlight</strong><br />


QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS | My Life <strong>in</strong> English<br />

“<br />

Dip dip<br />

<strong>in</strong> the wiz, wiz,<br />

wiz...<br />

”<br />

Which person from the English-speak<strong>in</strong>g<br />

world would you choose to be stuck with<br />

on a desert island and why?<br />

Desert, huh? I’ll take Mr Jim Beam and<br />

Sir Jack Daniels, then.<br />

How do you practise your English?<br />

By do<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong>terviews <strong>in</strong> English only. That’s good<br />

practice.<br />

<strong>Otto</strong> – Der Film:<br />

a special Bible<br />

read<strong>in</strong>g<br />


Actor and comedian <strong>Otto</strong> Gerhard Waalkes was born on<br />

22 July 1948 <strong>in</strong> Emden, Germany. He attended an all-boys high<br />

school, and at around the age of 12 began appear<strong>in</strong>g on stage<br />

<strong>in</strong> small venues with his band, The Rustlers, play<strong>in</strong>g cover versions<br />

of Beatles’ songs. His comic rout<strong>in</strong>e developed, <strong>in</strong> part,<br />

out of th<strong>in</strong>gs that went wrong when he was on stage. In 1972,<br />

he brought out the LP <strong>Otto</strong>. It established him as one of the<br />

most popular comedians <strong>in</strong> the German-speak<strong>in</strong>g world. S<strong>in</strong>ce<br />

then, he has issued 18 more albums, starred <strong>in</strong> n<strong>in</strong>e films and<br />

<strong>in</strong>vented an elephant-like cartoon character called Ottifant.<br />

He regularly goes on tour.<br />

What is your favourite English phrase and why?<br />

Tea break, because it’s such a beautiful expression.<br />

It sounds so much nicer than nuclear war, <strong>in</strong>toxication<br />

or mass murder, doesn’t it?<br />

Which phrase do you use most when you talk <strong>in</strong><br />

English?<br />

“May I have your phone number, Miss?”<br />

Which English word was the hardest for you to learn<br />

to pronounce?<br />

I never really pronounce “pronounce” correctly.<br />

It’s unpronounceable. I really have to<br />

work on my “pronounce” pronunciation.<br />

Thank God this <strong>in</strong>terview<br />

is <strong>in</strong> writ<strong>in</strong>g.<br />

What would be your motto <strong>in</strong><br />

English?<br />

My motto? Stop us<strong>in</strong>g the letter “m”.<br />

<strong>Otto</strong> and family:<br />

the Ottifanten relatives<br />

If you suddenly found yourself with a free afternoon <strong>in</strong><br />

London or New York, what would you do?<br />

Look for someone nice to go home with.<br />

Is there anyth<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> your home that’s from the Englishspeak<strong>in</strong>g<br />

world?<br />

Yes, <strong>in</strong>deed: my English breakfast tea and my T-shirt, of<br />

course.<br />

Do you th<strong>in</strong>k that humour translates <strong>in</strong>to other languages<br />

well — for example, from German <strong>in</strong>to English?<br />

That’s funny! In German, this question is a joke. It’s not<br />

always easy to translate humour. Whenever people don’t<br />

laugh at one of my jokes, I guess it’s because I told it <strong>in</strong><br />

the wrong language.<br />

What do you say to the cliché <strong>in</strong> the English-speak<strong>in</strong>g<br />

world that Germans aren’t funny, or that Germans don’t<br />

have a good sense of humour?<br />

Germans are not funny? I guess that is the reason why <strong>in</strong><br />

Germany we have professionals to make people laugh,<br />

like me! We tell jokes and even get paid for it. It’s like:<br />

most Germans are bad pilots, too. They ask others to fly<br />

them around.<br />

What projects are you currently work<strong>in</strong>g on?<br />

I am on tour right now. I play the guitar, I make<br />

children laugh, I pa<strong>in</strong>t, sleep, eat and brush my teeth<br />

afterwards. And then I start all over aga<strong>in</strong>.<br />

You are famous for certa<strong>in</strong> iconic comedy gags. Are<br />

there any that you wish you had never done, or wish<br />

that people would just forget?<br />

People do forget. That’s why I keep play<strong>in</strong>g these gags<br />

over and over aga<strong>in</strong>. I hope they will always forget, so I<br />

can keep do<strong>in</strong>g this and make them laugh for the rest<br />

of my life.<br />

kultig<br />

Rausch, Vergiftung<br />

Atom-<br />

Veranstaltungsort<br />

iconic [aI(kQnIk]<br />

<strong>in</strong>toxication [In)tQksI(keIS&n]<br />

nuclear [(nju:kliE]<br />

venue [(venju:]<br />

26 <strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14


Thursday 1 May Hamburg Laeiszhalle<br />

Saturday 3 May Dortmund Konzerthaus<br />

Sunday 4 May Dortmund Konzerthaus<br />

Tuesday 6 May Münster Münsterlandhalle<br />

Thursday 8 May Bochum Ruhr Congress<br />

Friday 9 May Düsseldorf Philipshalle<br />

Sunday 11 May Mannheim Rosengarten<br />

Tuesday 13 May Zurich Kongresshaus<br />

Wednesday 14 May Zurich Kongresshaus<br />

Friday 16 May Munich Circus Krone<br />

Saturday 17 May Munich Circus Krone<br />

Sunday 18 May Munich Circus Krone<br />

“<br />

Peter, Paul<br />

and Mary are<br />

walk<strong>in</strong>g through<br />

the prairie...<br />

”<br />

Monday 19 May Nuremberg<br />

Meisters<strong>in</strong>gerhalle<br />

Wednesday 21 May Ulm Ratiopharm<br />

Arena Neu-Ulm<br />

Thursday 22 May Suhl Congress<br />

Centrum Suhl<br />

Friday 23 May Zwickau Stadthalle<br />

Sunday 25 May Dresden Messe<br />

Tuesday 27 May Hof Freiheitshalle<br />

Wednesday 28 May Heilbronn Festhalle<br />

Harmonie<br />

Thursday 29 May Kempten Big Box<br />

Saturday 31 May Berl<strong>in</strong> Tempodrom<br />

Sunday 1 June Berl<strong>in</strong> Tempodrom<br />

K<strong>in</strong>g of<br />

German comedy:<br />

<strong>Otto</strong> <strong>in</strong> 2013<br />

Fotos: action press; Caro; C<strong>in</strong>etext

AMY ARGETSINGER | I Ask Myself<br />

A lesson <strong>in</strong> loss<br />

Er hatte alles und er hat alles weggeworfen. AMY ARGETSINGER<br />

über Philip Seymour Hoffmans Drogentod und was man daraus<br />

lernen kann.<br />

Idon’t remember Philip Seymour<br />

Hoffman be<strong>in</strong>g our greatest liv<strong>in</strong>g<br />

actor last week,” my husband said<br />

to me, a day or two after Philip Seymour<br />

Hoffman died.<br />

He is often cynical that way, and<br />

here, his cynicism was caused by the<br />

waves of media praise and griev<strong>in</strong>g<br />

for the actor, who was suddenly on<br />

the covers of magaz<strong>in</strong>es that never<br />

put him there <strong>in</strong> life. But I soon realized<br />

my husband was not alone.<br />

Many other Americans scoffed at the<br />

public mourn<strong>in</strong>g for Hoffman. He<br />

was a drug abuser, they said, who<br />

chose cheap highs over his family and<br />

children and carelessly chased his<br />

own death — not a man to praise.<br />

I understand their anger. But<br />

there is so much to pity <strong>in</strong> the death<br />

of Philip Seymour Hoffman, and<br />

there is so much to learn. No, Hoffman<br />

was not on a lot of magaz<strong>in</strong>e<br />

covers before he died. He had won an<br />

Oscar for Capote (2005) and appeared<br />

<strong>in</strong> big-budget Hollywood thrillers,<br />

but was never a big movie star <strong>in</strong> the<br />

style of Brad Pitt. He was a complex<br />

character actor with an<br />

un-pretty face and a degree<br />

from a famous<br />

act<strong>in</strong>g school. He was<br />

better known to the<br />

well-educated crowd that<br />

likes to go to art-house<br />

theaters and the Broadway<br />

stage than to most<br />

multiplex-go<strong>in</strong>g Middle<br />

Americans.<br />

In other words,<br />

he was a ref<strong>in</strong>ed,<br />

well-educated, mature<br />

man who just<br />

happened to have<br />

a terrible hero<strong>in</strong><br />

addiction.<br />

In the US, we generally have two<br />

ideas of what an addict looks like:<br />

either a lower-class loser, whose sad<br />

life and prospects have led him or her<br />

to f<strong>in</strong>d comfort <strong>in</strong> drugs; or a wild,<br />

thrill-seek<strong>in</strong>g young jet-setter with<br />

more money than sense. We are not<br />

surprised by the many deaths, nor by<br />

the overdoses <strong>in</strong> a rock star’s penthouse<br />

hotel.<br />

Philip Seymour Hoffman had a<br />

fantastic career and also a family —<br />

his long-time girlfriend and their<br />

three young children. He was not<br />

known as a socialite or party animal.<br />

And while he had been open about<br />

his struggles <strong>in</strong> the past with addiction,<br />

he also seemed like someone<br />

well <strong>in</strong> control. After abus<strong>in</strong>g drugs<br />

and alcohol dur<strong>in</strong>g college, he went<br />

to rehab at age 22 and rema<strong>in</strong>ed<br />

sober for a remarkable 23 years.<br />

I first became aware of his addiction<br />

issues a year ago, when Hoffman<br />

announced that he was enter<strong>in</strong>g<br />

rehab aga<strong>in</strong>: prescription drugs<br />

had led him to<br />

start us<strong>in</strong>g harder<br />

stuff aga<strong>in</strong>, <strong>in</strong>clud<strong>in</strong>g<br />

hero<strong>in</strong>. Accord<strong>in</strong>g<br />

to the<br />

actor, he had<br />

An actors’ actor:<br />

Philip Seymour<br />

Hoffman<br />

“<br />

He showed<br />

us just how<br />

complex addiction<br />

can be<br />

”<br />

addiction [E(dIkS&n]<br />

art-house theater<br />

[)A:rt haUs (Ti:Et&r]<br />

comfort [(kVmf&rt]<br />

griev<strong>in</strong>g [(gri:vIN]<br />

mature [mE(tU&r]<br />

mourn<strong>in</strong>g [(mO:rnIN]<br />

multiplex-go<strong>in</strong>g<br />

[(mVltIpleks )goUIN]<br />

prescription [pri(skrIpS&n]<br />

prospect [(prA:spekt]<br />

ref<strong>in</strong>ed [ri(faInd]<br />

rehab [(ri:hÄb] ifml.<br />

scoff at sb./sth. [(skA:f Et]<br />

self-aware [)self E(we&r]<br />

sober [(soUb&r]<br />

socialite [(soUSElaIt]<br />

succumb [sE(kVm]<br />

thrill-seek<strong>in</strong>g [(TrIl )si:kIN]<br />

been us<strong>in</strong>g drugs only for about a<br />

week when he realized it was a serious<br />

problem and checked himself <strong>in</strong>to a<br />

rehab center. It struck me at the time<br />

as remarkably self-aware. On the edge<br />

of self-destruction, he stepped back,<br />

resisted his impulses, and got the help<br />

he needed — a lesson for addicts<br />

everywhere.<br />

Instead, Hoffman became a lesson<br />

for all of us non-addicts everywhere<br />

on just how complicated addiction<br />

can be. Sure, some fans are angry<br />

with him. How can a man who had<br />

everyth<strong>in</strong>g just throw it all away? But<br />

that’s the lesson. Hoffman had it all,<br />

plus a healthy awareness of his problem,<br />

plus the desire to get well, and<br />

still he succumbed — because that’s<br />

addiction for you. All the self-control<br />

and resources <strong>in</strong> the world can still<br />

lose the battle aga<strong>in</strong>st this disease.<br />

How much worse must it be for those<br />

who don’t have such control?<br />

Sucht<br />

Programmk<strong>in</strong>o<br />

Trost<br />

Trauer<br />

reif<br />

Trauern<br />

Multiplex-K<strong>in</strong>os besuchend<br />

hier: verschreibungspflichtig<br />

Perspektive<br />

kultiviert<br />

Entziehungskur<br />

sich über jmdn./etw. verächtlich<br />

äußern<br />

bewusst<br />

nüchtern; hier: clean<br />

Gesellschaftslöwe<br />

nicht standhalten<br />

erlebnishungrig<br />

Amy Argets<strong>in</strong>ger is a co-author of “The Reliable Source,”<br />

a column <strong>in</strong> The Wash<strong>in</strong>gton Post about personalities.<br />

Foto: Corbis<br />

28 <strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14

Gut für<br />

den Kopf!<br />

Besser mit Sprachen. Land und Leute<br />

verstehen – und nebenbei die Sprache<br />

lernen. Jeden Monat neu.<br />

4<br />

Ausgaben<br />

zum Preis<br />

von 3!*<br />

Bestellen Sie jetzt Ihr Liebl<strong>in</strong>gsmagaz<strong>in</strong>!<br />

www.spotlight-verlag.de/4fuer3 +49 (0)89/8 56 81-16<br />

* Kennenlern-Angebot für Neu-Abonnenten: 4 Ausgaben e<strong>in</strong>es Magaz<strong>in</strong>s Ihrer Wahl zum Preis von 3<br />

(€ 18,60 / SFR 27,90 – Bus<strong>in</strong>ess <strong>Spotlight</strong> € 34,50 / SFR 51,75).

TRAVELOGS | Scotland<br />

Glasgow,<br />

where art meets <strong>in</strong>dustry<br />

Where travel is celebrated:<br />

the extraord<strong>in</strong>ary Riverside Museum<br />

with the tall ship Glenlee<br />

Glasgow ist e<strong>in</strong>e lebendige Stadt, die für jeden<br />

etwas zu bieten hat: Kunst, Tradition, Kultur,<br />

modische Boutiquen, Nachtleben. E<strong>in</strong> Bericht<br />


One of the bridges<br />

over the River Clyde<br />

Green space: next to the<br />

Kelv<strong>in</strong>grove Art Gallery<br />

Fotos: A1PIX/YPT; Alamy; F1onl<strong>in</strong>e<br />

5|14 <strong>Spotlight</strong><br />


TRAVELOGS | Scotland<br />

Red stone, green trees:<br />

Glasgow’s spr<strong>in</strong>g colours<br />

Has Glasgow re<strong>in</strong>vented itself? Many would say it<br />

has: today, it is widely seen as Scotland’s most<br />

vibrant city. With this September’s referendum on<br />

Scottish <strong>in</strong>dependence from the UK mak<strong>in</strong>g the headl<strong>in</strong>es,<br />

I was curious to discover more about Scotland’s largest city.<br />

Scotland was an <strong>in</strong>dependent country until 1707, when<br />

it was united with England and Wales and governed from<br />

London. Today, Scotland is still a part of Great Brita<strong>in</strong>, but<br />

it has managed to keep its identity dist<strong>in</strong>ct. Known as creative<br />

and hard-work<strong>in</strong>g, the Scottish people can be proud<br />

of their achievements <strong>in</strong> the arts. Writers Robert Burns and<br />

Sir Walter Scott and architects Charles Rennie Mack<strong>in</strong>tosh<br />

and Alexander Thomson are admired by many around the<br />

world. Fewer people, however, know of Scotland’s achievements<br />

<strong>in</strong> <strong>in</strong>dustry. Scottish eng<strong>in</strong>eers and <strong>in</strong>ventors were<br />

very important to the Industrial Revolution.<br />

Glas cu — which, <strong>in</strong> Celtic, means “dear green place”<br />

— was founded by the miracle-work<strong>in</strong>g Sa<strong>in</strong>t Kentigern <strong>in</strong><br />

AD 543. Glasgow’s position on the River Clyde, close to<br />

Scotland’s west coast, was ideal for trade. Start<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> the<br />

1700s, the import of tobacco, sugar and cotton from<br />

North America and the West Indies brought great wealth.<br />

Soon, Glasgow was manufactur<strong>in</strong>g its own goods, too. By<br />

the 1800s, it was filled with cotton mills, steelworks and<br />

shipyards. In those days, Glasgow made an estimated<br />

20 per cent of the world’s ships and a quarter of its locomotives.<br />

It was the British Empire’s second city.<br />

When these <strong>in</strong>dustries fell on hard times, so, too, did<br />

Glasgow. In the mid-20th century, it became known as a<br />

tough city with high unemployment. But recent <strong>in</strong>vestment<br />

and a focus on service <strong>in</strong>dustries have given it new<br />

life. Glasgow still has a reputation for be<strong>in</strong>g the work<strong>in</strong>g<br />

heart of the country, but it is a vibrant centre of the arts as<br />

well. This comb<strong>in</strong>ation gives it an attractive mix of style<br />

and grit, someth<strong>in</strong>g visitors will be able to enjoy dur<strong>in</strong>g<br />

this summer’s Commonwealth Games.<br />

admire [Ed(maIE]<br />

arts [A:ts]<br />

cotton mill [(kQt&n mIl]<br />

curious [(kjUEriEs]<br />

dist<strong>in</strong>ct [dI(stINkt]<br />

goods [gUdz]<br />

grit [grIt]<br />

miracle-work<strong>in</strong>g [(mIrEk&l )w§:kIN]<br />

bewundern<br />

Künste<br />

Baumwollfabrik<br />

neugierig<br />

eigen, eigenständig<br />

Waren<br />

Zähigkeit, Biss<br />

wundertätig<br />

re<strong>in</strong>vent oneself<br />

[)ri:In(vent wVn)self]<br />

reputation [)repju(teIS&n]<br />

shipyard [(SIpjA:d]<br />

steelworks [(sti:&lw§:ks]<br />

vibrant [(vaIbrEnt]<br />

West Indies [west (Indiz]<br />

sich e<strong>in</strong> neues Image geben<br />

Ruf, Ansehen<br />

Schiffswerft<br />

Stahlwerk<br />

dynamisch, pulsierend<br />

West<strong>in</strong>dische Inseln,<br />

Karibische Inseln<br />

Day one<br />

10.30 a.m.<br />

The first word I can th<strong>in</strong>k of is “energy”. Cars and buses<br />

fill busy Renfield Street, as city workers and shoppers fight<br />

for space. Grand Victorian build<strong>in</strong>gs stand next to modern<br />

office blocks. Build<strong>in</strong>gs of sandstone <strong>in</strong> tones of dark red<br />

and honey contrast with grey neoclassical facades.<br />

I walk over to George Square, a showcase of Victorian<br />

architecture with the impos<strong>in</strong>g City Chambers, opened <strong>in</strong><br />

1888 by Queen Victoria herself. Before it stand some of<br />

Scotland’s lead<strong>in</strong>g figures — <strong>in</strong> statue form, at least. I walk<br />

up to James Watt, one of the most important eng<strong>in</strong>eers <strong>in</strong><br />

12.15 p.m.<br />

I want to discover<br />

more about Glasgow’s<br />

<strong>in</strong>dustrial past, so I<br />

catch the bus to the<br />

Riverside Museum. On<br />

the River Clyde <strong>in</strong> an<br />

area once full of shipimpos<strong>in</strong>g<br />

[Im(pEUzIN]<br />

showcase [(SEUkeIs]<br />

steam eng<strong>in</strong>e [(sti:m )endZIn]<br />

32 <strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14<br />

e<strong>in</strong>drucksvoll<br />

Vorzeigeobjekt<br />

Dampfmasch<strong>in</strong>e<br />

history. Born just west of Glasgow <strong>in</strong> 1736, his improvements<br />

to the steam eng<strong>in</strong>e were important to the Industrial<br />

Revolution. The unit of electrical<br />

power, the watt, is<br />

named after him.<br />

The great hall of the<br />

Kelv<strong>in</strong>grove gallery<br />

Fotos: Alamy; AGE

Busy Buchanan Street<br />

and The Horseshoe<br />

pub<br />

yards, the museum of transport is<br />

known for its overall design as well<br />

as for its exhibits. Architect Zaha<br />

Hadid created the huge, curved silver<br />

warehouse that houses the museum.<br />

The unusual zigzagged facades<br />

have become a favourite of photographers<br />

s<strong>in</strong>ce it was opened <strong>in</strong> 2011. I’m<br />

not the only visitor to stop and admire<br />

the build<strong>in</strong>g before go<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong>side.<br />

The museum’s huge size is perfect for<br />

the exhibits. There are orig<strong>in</strong>al locomotives<br />

built <strong>in</strong> the city, double-decker buses and historic<br />

Glasgow trams. There’s also a fasc<strong>in</strong>at<strong>in</strong>g exhibition, show<strong>in</strong>g<br />

models of ships built on the Clyde. It’s a great place to<br />

visit to get an impression of Glasgow’s role <strong>in</strong> Scotland’s<br />

eng<strong>in</strong>eer<strong>in</strong>g past.<br />

2.30 p.m.<br />

Not far from the Riverside Museum is the trendy West<br />

End. I walk along Byres Road, full of young people, small<br />

bookshops and v<strong>in</strong>tage-clothes shops. I cont<strong>in</strong>ue down<br />

Great Western Road and go <strong>in</strong>to Timorous Beasties, a delightful<br />

store with a selection of orig<strong>in</strong>al textiles and wallpapers.<br />

There are curta<strong>in</strong>s with psychedelic designs, chairs<br />

covered <strong>in</strong> detailed fabrics and cushions with patterns of<br />

birds, <strong>in</strong>sects and thistles — the flower of Scotland.<br />

Next, I head to nearby Kelv<strong>in</strong>grove Art Gallery and<br />

Museum. Inside the red sandstone build<strong>in</strong>g are 22 themed<br />

galleries cover<strong>in</strong>g topics as varied as European art, d<strong>in</strong>osaurs,<br />

ancient Egypt and Scottish history. I start with<br />

an exhibition on Scottish <strong>in</strong>novators and <strong>in</strong>ventors. I read<br />

more about James Watt and learn about James Goodfellow,<br />

too, the man who <strong>in</strong>vented the PIN system for<br />

bank<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> the 1960s. Then there’s Charles Mac<strong>in</strong>tosh,<br />

who <strong>in</strong>vented the “mac”, a waterproof ra<strong>in</strong>coat, <strong>in</strong> 1823.<br />

I enter a section on a group of artists called the Glasgow<br />

Boys. Active from the late 19th century, the colourful<br />

realism of their pa<strong>in</strong>t<strong>in</strong>gs was a move away from the historical,<br />

idealized scenes typical of the times. The group<br />

caused a sensation, br<strong>in</strong>g<strong>in</strong>g a more European style to<br />

Scottish art, which then also <strong>in</strong>fluenced future movements.<br />

I could spend the rest of the day here, but I decide to take<br />

the underground back to get a bite to eat.<br />

Trendy cafes:<br />

fun d<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong><br />

the West End<br />

6 p.m.<br />

In the late 1700s,<br />

when K<strong>in</strong>g George<br />

III lost Brita<strong>in</strong>’s American colonies, the tobacco<br />

trade went <strong>in</strong>to decl<strong>in</strong>e. The rich area of Glasgow<br />

called Merchant City was forced to change with the times:<br />

the tobacco lords left, but their houses and warehouses rema<strong>in</strong>ed.<br />

Big <strong>in</strong>door markets moved <strong>in</strong>, only to be replaced<br />

with lively cafes, <strong>in</strong>dependent boutiques and artists’ studios.<br />

One of these historical market areas is Merchant Square,<br />

today a covered courtyard full of bars and restaurants.<br />

“Merchant Square, where it never ra<strong>in</strong>s.” The sign on<br />

the door makes me smile as I shake the water from my<br />

umbrella. I sit on the terrace at Arisaig restaurant and order<br />

Scottish haddock, chips and mushy peas. Afterwards I try<br />

Cranachan, a delicious dessert made with oats, raspberries,<br />

cream and whisky.<br />

While wait<strong>in</strong>g for my bill, someone asks a guest next<br />

to me for the time. “Time you got a watch, pal,” he replies,<br />

laugh<strong>in</strong>g. Here, f<strong>in</strong>ally, was some of the Glaswegian humour<br />

I’d read about.<br />

8 p.m.<br />

I f<strong>in</strong>ish my day <strong>in</strong> The Horseshoe pub <strong>in</strong> Drury Street, a<br />

Glasgow <strong>in</strong>stitution for more than 100 years. No sooner<br />

does my p<strong>in</strong>t arrive than a guest starts<br />

chatt<strong>in</strong>g to me. We talk about football,<br />

and he gives me tips on Glasgow’s legendary<br />

nightlife. It’s been a long day, and<br />

the p<strong>in</strong>t has given me a peaceful, sleepy<br />

feel<strong>in</strong>g. I don’t th<strong>in</strong>k I’ll make it out to<br />

the clubs tonight.<br />

Historic sight:<br />

Tolbooth Steeple<br />

from 1627<br />

cause a sensation<br />

[)kO:z E sen(seIS&n]<br />

courtyard [(kO:tjA:d]<br />

curved [k§:vd]<br />

decl<strong>in</strong>e [di(klaIn]<br />

delightful [di(laItf&l]<br />

exhibit [Ig(zIbIt]<br />

fabric [(fÄbrIk]<br />

haddock [(hÄdEk]<br />

mushy peas [)mVSi (pi:z] UK<br />

oats [EUts]<br />

für e<strong>in</strong>e Sensation sorgen<br />

Innenhof<br />

gewölbt<br />

Rückgang<br />

reizend<br />

Ausstellungsstück, Exponat<br />

Stoff<br />

Schellfisch<br />

Erbsenpüree<br />

Haferflocken<br />

Freund<br />

Muster<br />

Himbeere<br />

Themen-<br />

Distel<br />

Tapete<br />

Lagerhalle,<br />

Lagerhaus<br />

<strong>in</strong> Zickzackform<br />

pal [pÄl] ifml.<br />

pattern [(pÄt&n]<br />

raspberry [(rA:zbEri]<br />

themed [Ti:md]<br />

thistle [(TIs&l]<br />

wallpaper<br />

[(wO:l)peIpE]<br />

warehouse<br />

[(weEhaUs]<br />

zigzagged<br />


TRAVELOGS | Scotland<br />

Day two<br />

9.30 a.m.<br />

Yesterday’s visit to<br />

Kelv<strong>in</strong>grove has <strong>in</strong>spired<br />

me to learn<br />

more about Glasgow’s arts scene.<br />

So I head to SWG3, a gallery and studio <strong>in</strong> the West<br />

End. There, I meet 31-year-old pa<strong>in</strong>ter Calum Matheson,<br />

a graduate from the Glasgow School of Art. As several recent<br />

w<strong>in</strong>ners of Brita<strong>in</strong>’s Turner Prize come from Glasgow<br />

or have a strong l<strong>in</strong>k to the city, its reputation <strong>in</strong> the art<br />

world has grown enormously <strong>in</strong> the past few years.<br />

“There’s a real bohemian aspect to the city that artists<br />

are attracted to,” Matheson tells me. A Glasgow native<br />

himself, he knows artists who have come to the city and<br />

stayed. “There are plenty of old warehouses with cheap<br />

rents for artists to work <strong>in</strong>, and because Glasgow is quite<br />

small, it’s a great place to network.”<br />

It’s fasc<strong>in</strong>at<strong>in</strong>g that the warehouse space and grit of<br />

Glasgow’s <strong>in</strong>dustrial past are now contribut<strong>in</strong>g to its artistic<br />

present. With well-known bands like Franz Ferd<strong>in</strong>and,<br />

Chvrches and Travis com<strong>in</strong>g from the city, I wonder if<br />

these factors have played a role <strong>in</strong> the vibrant music and<br />

nightlife scene here as well.<br />

11.30 a.m.<br />

The Necropolis:<br />

visit for the views<br />

My next stop will take me <strong>in</strong>to the world of Sir William<br />

Burrell, whose life demonstrated the relationship between<br />

<strong>in</strong>dustry and art. Born <strong>in</strong> Glasgow <strong>in</strong> 1861, Burrell<br />

took over the family shipp<strong>in</strong>g bus<strong>in</strong>ess with his brother<br />

and used his wealth to become an art collector. Much of<br />

his 8,000-item collection is on display at the Burrell Collection.<br />

I take the 10-m<strong>in</strong>ute tra<strong>in</strong> ride from Glasgow Central<br />

to Pollokshaws West station. From there, it’s a 15-m<strong>in</strong>ute<br />

walk to the Burrell Collection through the beautiful Pollok<br />

Country Park. William Burrell believed a country sett<strong>in</strong>g<br />

would be best for the exhibits, which led to the museum’s<br />

location and design. The <strong>in</strong>terior is filled with natural<br />

light, so that visitors can see the wonderful details of the<br />

works of art. I admire tapestries and rugs, sta<strong>in</strong>ed glass and<br />

ceramics, and walk under an orig<strong>in</strong>al medieval archwaybuilt<br />

<strong>in</strong>to the museum’s walls. In one area, large w<strong>in</strong>dows<br />

br<strong>in</strong>g the park’s landscape <strong>in</strong>to the exhibition. It’s like<br />

be<strong>in</strong>g able to view f<strong>in</strong>e art while tak<strong>in</strong>g a walk <strong>in</strong> the<br />

woods.<br />

2 p.m.<br />

“How are you do<strong>in</strong>g, Toby?” the receptionist asks. I’d simply<br />

gone back to my hotel for a quick rest, but we chat like old<br />

friends. He not only makes me feel welcome; he also recommends<br />

that I go to some special places <strong>in</strong> the afternoon.<br />

Leav<strong>in</strong>g the hotel, I walk along Renfield Street and notice<br />

the grid system of streets characteristic of Glasgow’s<br />

centre. The layout rem<strong>in</strong>ds me a bit of a US city — someth<strong>in</strong>g<br />

that moviemakers use to their advantage. Glasgow<br />

recently served as a double for San Francisco <strong>in</strong> the film<br />

Cloud Atlas (2012) with Tom Hanks, and for Philadelphia<br />

<strong>in</strong> World War Z (2013), starr<strong>in</strong>g Brad Pitt.<br />

3 p.m.<br />

I head east past some wonderful street art <strong>in</strong> Merchant City<br />

and eat lunch at Mono <strong>in</strong> K<strong>in</strong>g’s Court. Located <strong>in</strong> Glasgow’s<br />

arty East End, Mono is a vegan cafe, microbrewery<br />

and <strong>in</strong>dependent music store <strong>in</strong> one. I order a falafel and<br />

red onion sandwich with a home-brewed g<strong>in</strong>ger beer, and<br />

look around Monorail, the record shop at the back of the<br />

cafe. At night, Mono transforms <strong>in</strong>to a live music venue.<br />

4.30 p.m.<br />

One of the receptionist’s tips isn’t far from Mono. I walk<br />

uphill along the High Street and arrive at Glasgow Cathedral.<br />

This magnificent church, started <strong>in</strong> the 12th century,<br />

stands near the site where Glasgow was founded. My dest<strong>in</strong>ation,<br />

however, lies beh<strong>in</strong>d it.<br />

The Necropolis is a huge Victorian cemetery on a hill<br />

and conta<strong>in</strong>s the beautiful graves of wealthy Glaswegians.<br />

I reach the tall tombstones at the summit and take <strong>in</strong> one<br />

of the best views of the city. I look out across Glasgow,<br />

over the Clyde Valley and surround<strong>in</strong>g hills. It has been a<br />

short visit, but I’ve learned a lot about the city, this “dear<br />

green place” that has managed to re<strong>in</strong>vent itself while still<br />

keep<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> touch with its past.<br />

archway [(A:tSweI]<br />

bohemian [bEU(hi:miEn]<br />

graduate [(grÄdZuEt]<br />

grid system [(grId )sIstEm]<br />

item [(aItEm]<br />

medieval [)medi(i:v&l]<br />

rug [rVg]<br />

sett<strong>in</strong>g [(setIN]<br />

shipp<strong>in</strong>g bus<strong>in</strong>ess [(SIpIN )bIznEs]<br />

sta<strong>in</strong>ed glass [)steInd (glA:s]<br />

tapestry [(tÄpIstri]<br />

Bogengang<br />

Künstler-, unkonventionell<br />

Absolvent(<strong>in</strong>)<br />

Rastersystem<br />

Stück, Artikel<br />

mittelalterlich<br />

kle<strong>in</strong>er Teppich<br />

Rahmen, Umgebung<br />

Reederei<br />

Buntglas<br />

Wandteppich<br />

woods [wUdz]<br />

arty [(A:ti] ifml.<br />

cemetery [(semEtri]<br />

g<strong>in</strong>ger [(dZIndZE]<br />

magnificent [mÄg(nIfIsEnt]<br />

microbrewery<br />

[(maIkrEU)bruEri] N. Am.<br />

summit [(sVmIt]<br />

tombstone [(tu:mstEUn]<br />

venue [(venju:]<br />

Wald<br />

pseudokünstlerisch,<br />

auf Künstler machend<br />

Friedhof<br />

Ingwer<br />

prunkvoll<br />

Kle<strong>in</strong>brauerei<br />

Kuppe, Gipfel<br />

Grabste<strong>in</strong><br />

Veranstaltungsort, Treffpunkt<br />

34 <strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14

IF YOU GO...<br />

Gett<strong>in</strong>g there<br />

You can fly to Glasgow from most airports <strong>in</strong> Germany — there are numerous<br />

direct flights from which to choose. For those travell<strong>in</strong>g to Ed<strong>in</strong>burgh<br />

as well, Glasgow is about an hour away by bus or tra<strong>in</strong>.<br />

It is also possible to take a ferry to various po<strong>in</strong>ts <strong>in</strong> Brita<strong>in</strong>. For further<br />

<strong>in</strong>formation, see www.dfdsseaways.de<br />

Where to stay<br />

Grasshoppers Hotel with double rooms from £65 (around €80).<br />

87 Union Street; tel. (0044) 141-222 2666. www.grasshoppersglasgow.com<br />

Where to eat and dr<strong>in</strong>k<br />

Arisaig restaurant, 1 Merchant Square; tel. (0044) 141-553 1010.<br />

http://arisaigrestaurant.co.uk<br />

The Horseshoe bar, 17–19 Drury Street; tel. (0044) 141-248 6368.<br />

www.thehorseshoebarglasgow.co.uk<br />

Mono Cafe Bar, 12 K<strong>in</strong>g’s Court; tel. (0044) 141-553 2400.<br />

www.monocafebar.com<br />

BURGEN,<br />


& WHISKEY<br />

Entdecken Sie das trendige<br />

Glasgow oder die schottische<br />

Hauptstadt Ed<strong>in</strong>burgh. An Bord<br />

der Schottland Fähre br<strong>in</strong>gen<br />

wir Sie entspannt über Nacht<br />

samt PKW <strong>in</strong> die Ferien.<br />

1691<br />

€<br />

2 PERS. INKL. PKW,<br />


What to see and do<br />

Riverside Museum, 100 Po<strong>in</strong>thouse Place.<br />

www.glasgowlife.org.uk/museums/riverside<br />

Kelv<strong>in</strong>grove Art Gallery and Museum <strong>in</strong> Argyle Street.<br />

www.glasgowlife.org.uk/museums/kelv<strong>in</strong>grove<br />

Burrell Collection, 2060 Pollokshaws Road.<br />

www.glasgowlife.org.uk/museums/burrell-collection<br />

SWG3, Eastvale Place. www.swg3.tv<br />

The Timorous Beasties shop is at 384 Great Western Road.<br />

www.timorousbeasties.com<br />

Sport<br />

The 2014 Commonwealth Games will take place <strong>in</strong> Glasgow from 23 July<br />

to 3 August. www.glasgow2014.com<br />

More <strong>in</strong>formation<br />

See www.visitbrita<strong>in</strong>.com and www.visitscotland.com<br />

Foto: T. Sk<strong>in</strong>gsley; Karte: Nic Murphy<br />

Byres Road<br />

West End<br />

SWG3<br />

Riverside<br />

Museum e<br />

P<br />

Road<br />

o<strong>in</strong>thouse o<strong>in</strong>thouse<br />

<strong>in</strong><br />

Great Western Road<br />

Kelv<strong>in</strong>grove e Art<br />

Gallery<br />

and Museum<br />

Argyle e StreetS<br />

et<br />

Scotland<br />

Glasgow<br />

R oad<br />

North<br />

Sea<br />

0<br />

50 km<br />

England<br />

u<br />

o<br />

Timorous Beastieses<br />

Horseshoe shoe pub<br />

Drury St<br />

Grasshoppers<br />

pe<br />

rs<br />

hotel<br />

River Clyde<br />

Renfield el<br />

St<br />

Glasgow<br />

Ed<strong>in</strong>burgh<br />

Burrell Collection<br />

Union ion n St St St<br />

Buchanan St<br />

Pollokshaws<br />

Road<br />

Royal<br />

tExchange<br />

Square<br />

Necropolis<br />

Glasgow<br />

Cathedral<br />

George Square<br />

City<br />

Chambers<br />

Arisaig<br />

ig<br />

Hi<br />

St<br />

Castle<br />

St<br />

High Merchant Square<br />

Merchant City<br />

Mono<br />

o<br />

cafe<br />

East End<br />

N<br />

t<br />

0 500 m<br />

St<br />

Schottland<br />

Glasgow<br />

Newcastle<br />

Amsterdam<br />

(IJmuiden)<br />



TEL. 2<br />

040 / 389 03 71<br />

1<br />

2<br />

Gilt nach Verfügbarkeit 14 € Buchungsentgelt je tel. Buchung<br />

DFDS (Deutschland) GmbH, Högerdamm 41, 20097 Hamburg<br />

Stand 04/2014

PETER FLYNN | Around Oz<br />

Time to close the gap<br />

Der neue australische Premierm<strong>in</strong>ister, Tony Abbott,<br />

will die sozialen Unterschiede zwischen Aborig<strong>in</strong>es und<br />

Weißen bis spätestens 2031 beseitigt haben.<br />

Dur<strong>in</strong>g a recent holiday <strong>in</strong> my<br />

home town south of Sydney, I<br />

bumped <strong>in</strong>to some old classmates,<br />

<strong>in</strong>clud<strong>in</strong>g a few of the Aborig<strong>in</strong>al<br />

kids who had gone to my school.<br />

There was little visual or statistical<br />

difference between the <strong>in</strong>digenous and<br />

non-<strong>in</strong>digenous members of my age<br />

group. Some were blue-collar workers,<br />

A good start: Aborig<strong>in</strong>al preschoolers<br />

some professionals and some selfemployed.<br />

Some were fit and healthy,<br />

and some tired and overweight.<br />

Two <strong>in</strong>digenous former classmates<br />

had done especially well. John<br />

had become a fisherman, like his father,<br />

but also owned the local fishand-chip<br />

shop and several more boats.<br />

Wendy had left school to work as a<br />

secretary <strong>in</strong> a local law firm, but after<br />

study<strong>in</strong>g part-time by correspondence,<br />

she is now a lawyer herself.<br />

How lucky my little country town<br />

was compared to most parts of Australia.<br />

Six years after then prime<br />

m<strong>in</strong>ister Kev<strong>in</strong> Rudd promised to<br />

“close the gap” between <strong>in</strong>digenous<br />

and non-<strong>in</strong>digenous Australians, little<br />

has changed.<br />

New PM Tony Abbott has taken<br />

personal responsibility for the programmes<br />

that aim to remove Aborig<strong>in</strong>al<br />

disadvantage by no later than<br />

2031 — and the challenges are huge.<br />

There has been almost no improvement<br />

<strong>in</strong> Aborig<strong>in</strong>al life expectancy,<br />

which is 10 years below that of white<br />

people, and employment rates for<br />

Aborig<strong>in</strong>es have gone backwards.<br />

Simply gett<strong>in</strong>g kids to go to school<br />

is a problem, especially <strong>in</strong> remote<br />

communities, where just 30 per cent<br />

of 14-year-old Aborig<strong>in</strong>es meet the<br />

m<strong>in</strong>imum national standard for read<strong>in</strong>g.<br />

(In the cities, it’s 80 per cent.)<br />

There seems to be broad agreement<br />

across Australia for some<br />

“tough love” to get young <strong>in</strong>digenous<br />

people either to stay <strong>in</strong> school or f<strong>in</strong>d<br />

a job. Many argue that the socialwelfare<br />

rules actually encourage these<br />

kids to leave school and then collect<br />

unemployment money.<br />

The government employs school<br />

attendance officers <strong>in</strong> lots of <strong>in</strong>digenous<br />

communities to go from door to<br />

door to make sure kids are head<strong>in</strong>g<br />

for the classroom. Parents can have<br />

welfare benefits stopped if their kids<br />

are repeatedly miss<strong>in</strong>g from class.<br />

“It’s hard to be literate and numerate<br />

without attend<strong>in</strong>g school; it’s<br />

Arbeiter(<strong>in</strong>)<br />

jmdn. zufällig treffen<br />

im Fernstudium<br />

Klassenkamerad(<strong>in</strong>)<br />

hier: kassieren<br />

hier: gewähren<br />

sich <strong>in</strong> Richtung ... bewegen<br />

hier: Aborig<strong>in</strong>e-<br />

zeitweilig, unterbrochen<br />

Rechtsanwaltskanzlei<br />

Mitte<br />

Berufstätige(r) (mit qualifizierter Ausbildung)<br />

abgelegen<br />

Sozialhilfe<br />

Politik der Anregung zur Selbsthilfe durch<br />

Sozialkürzungen<br />

at most [Et (mEUst]<br />

be literate and numerate<br />

[bi )lIt&rEt End (nju:mErEt]<br />

blue-collar worker [blu: )kQlE (w§:kE] N. Am.<br />

bump <strong>in</strong>to sb. [bVmp (IntE] ifml.<br />

by correspondence [baI )kQrE(spQndEns]<br />

classmate [(klA:smeIt]<br />

collect [kE(lekt]<br />

extend [Ik(stend]<br />

head for [(hed fE]<br />

<strong>in</strong>digenous [In(dIdZEnEs]<br />

<strong>in</strong>termittent [)IntE(mIt&nt]<br />

law firm [(lO: f§:m]<br />

midst [mIdst]<br />

professional [prE(feS&nEl]<br />

remote [ri(mEUt]<br />

social welfare [)sEUS&l (welfeE]<br />

tough love [tVf (lVv] N. Am.<br />

“<br />

Australia’s<br />

native people<br />

are still disadvantaged<br />

”<br />

Peter Flynn is a public-relations consultant and social commentator who lives <strong>in</strong> Perth, Western Australia.<br />

hard to f<strong>in</strong>d work without a basic education;<br />

and it’s hard to live well<br />

without a job,” Abbott said while present<strong>in</strong>g<br />

his first “Clos<strong>in</strong>g the Gap” report.<br />

More importantly, he spoke<br />

about a “hardness of the heart” towards<br />

Aborig<strong>in</strong>es on the part of most<br />

Australians: “For two centuries —<br />

with exceptions, of course — Australians<br />

have collectively failed to show<br />

to Aborig<strong>in</strong>al people the personal generosity<br />

and warmth of welcome that<br />

we have habitually extended to the<br />

stranger <strong>in</strong> our midst.”<br />

The PM has spent a lot of time <strong>in</strong><br />

Aborig<strong>in</strong>al communities, both as a<br />

former m<strong>in</strong>ister and as a private citizen.<br />

Later this year, he <strong>in</strong>tends to<br />

spend at least a week <strong>in</strong> Aborig<strong>in</strong>al<br />

communities <strong>in</strong> the Northern Territory,<br />

with a very public spotlight on<br />

Aborig<strong>in</strong>al policy. “After 226 years of<br />

<strong>in</strong>termittent <strong>in</strong>terest at most, why<br />

shouldn’t Aborig<strong>in</strong>al people f<strong>in</strong>ally<br />

have the prime m<strong>in</strong>ister’s undivided<br />

attention for seven days?” he asked.<br />

bestenfalls<br />

lesen, schreiben und rechnen können<br />

Foto: Alamy<br />

36<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14


<strong>Spotlight</strong>’s easy-English<br />

booklet<br />

E<strong>in</strong>faches Englisch<br />

für Alltagssituationen<br />

Green Light

DEBATE | Brita<strong>in</strong><br />

Over-the-top pop<br />

Steht Sex <strong>in</strong> der Popkultur heutzutage zu sehr im Vordergrund? Und sollten für Musikvideos<br />

Altersbeschränkungen und strengere Kontrollen e<strong>in</strong>geführt werden?<br />

When pop star Miley Cyrus appeared naked <strong>in</strong> the<br />

video for her s<strong>in</strong>gle “Wreck<strong>in</strong>g Ball” and then<br />

twerked with Rob<strong>in</strong> Thicke at the MTV awards<br />

<strong>in</strong> September 2013, it was too much for some people.<br />

S<strong>in</strong>ger Annie Lennox wrote on Facebook that she was<br />

deeply concerned about “the recent spate of overtly sexualized<br />

performances and videos”. Fellow artist S<strong>in</strong>ead<br />

O’Connor warned 21-year-old Cyrus about be<strong>in</strong>g valued<br />

for her sex appeal rather than her musical talent. With performances<br />

by Rihanna, Beyoncé and many others featur<strong>in</strong>g<br />

plenty of naked flesh, are music videos, and pop music<br />

<strong>in</strong> general, becom<strong>in</strong>g overly sexualized?<br />

<strong>in</strong>g their mean<strong>in</strong>g. Parents said that overly sexual pop acts<br />

were teach<strong>in</strong>g girls that they would be “judged on their<br />

looks, not their achievements or personality”. Parents with<br />

sons worried that watch<strong>in</strong>g explicit music videos made<br />

boys believe that women are “too sexually available” and<br />

should have “unrealistic porn-star-style body shapes”.<br />

Many young people learn about sex and relationships<br />

through the media. A study by the British Board of Film<br />

Classification (BBFC) found that parents are particularly<br />

concerned about films and videos present<strong>in</strong>g unsuitable<br />

behaviour as normal. In the US, a Rasmussen Report survey<br />

showed that 71 per cent of adults believe popular culture<br />

encourages sexual activity among young people.<br />

Not everyone agrees. S<strong>in</strong>ger Jessie J recently told The<br />

Independent newspaper that highly sexual pop-music videos<br />

are probably a pass<strong>in</strong>g trend and that the music <strong>in</strong>dustry is<br />

go<strong>in</strong>g through a period of change. Index on Censorship<br />

warns that giv<strong>in</strong>g X-rat<strong>in</strong>gs for music videos could make<br />

them more attractive and that society needs to address the<br />

ma<strong>in</strong> issues of racism and sexism <strong>in</strong> popular culture.<br />

With explicit material becom<strong>in</strong>g more widely available<br />

onl<strong>in</strong>e, a special report published by the National Society<br />

for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) stated<br />

that culture has become more “pornified” and “sexualized”.<br />

It found that although many young people understand<br />

how the media works, “even when they recognize that the<br />

images they see are not realistic portrayals of ‘real’ life, they<br />

still say that these images make them feel <strong>in</strong>adequate and<br />

pressurized”.<br />

In an <strong>in</strong>terview with a Boston radio station, pop star<br />

Britney Spears admitted that she still felt a pressure to appear<br />

sexy <strong>in</strong> her videos. The 32-year-old mother of two<br />

said: “A lot of sex goes <strong>in</strong>to what I do.” She would prefer<br />

a return to pop music’s less explicit “old days”.<br />

Too sexy? Pop s<strong>in</strong>ger Rihanna perform<strong>in</strong>g on stage<br />

Siobhan Freegard, founder of the parent<strong>in</strong>g website<br />

Netmums, told the BBC that th<strong>in</strong>gs have “gone too far”<br />

and that it is “toxic to tell young kids [that] casual sex and<br />

violence are someth<strong>in</strong>g to aspire to”. In a survey of Netmums’<br />

members, 82 per cent said that their children had<br />

repeated sexual lyrics or dance movements without know-<br />

etw. anstreben<br />

gelegentlich, locker<br />

hier: (sexuell) e<strong>in</strong>deutig<br />

Songtext(e)<br />

übermäßig<br />

offenkundig; hier: allzu freizügig<br />

Erziehungs-, Eltern-<br />

unter Druck gesetzt<br />

Flut, Welle<br />

hier: Sender<br />

hier: schädlich<br />

aufreizend, mit dem Gesäß<br />

betonend tanzen<br />

aspire to sth. [E(spaIE tE]<br />

casual [(kÄZuEl]<br />

explicit [Ik(splIsIt]<br />

lyrics [(lIrIks]<br />

overly [(EUvEli]<br />

overtly [EU(v§:tli]<br />

parent<strong>in</strong>g [(peErEntIN]<br />

pressurized [(preSEraIzd]<br />

spate [speIt]<br />

station [(steIS&n]<br />

toxic [(tQksIk]<br />

twerk [tw§:k] ifml.<br />

Fotos: Corbis; J. Earwaker<br />

38<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14

Julian Earwaker asked people <strong>in</strong> Norwich, England:<br />

Is pop culture overly sexualized?<br />

Kim Sauro, 25,<br />

carer<br />

Listen to Kim, Michael, Adam and Heather<br />

Michael Howes, 35,<br />

designer<br />

Adam Smith, 20,<br />

model<br />

Heather Cornwell, 18,<br />

retail worker<br />

Sarah K<strong>in</strong>g, 37,<br />

shop manager<br />

Jonny Reeve, 18,<br />

doorman<br />

David Knowles, 35,<br />

supervisor<br />

Judi Dayk<strong>in</strong>, 54,<br />

actor<br />

as opposed to [Ez E(pEUzd tE]<br />

depict [di(pIkt]<br />

doorman [(dO:mEn]<br />

edgy [(edZi] ifml.<br />

hero<strong>in</strong>e [(herEUIn]<br />

im Gegensatz zu<br />

darstellen<br />

Türsteher, Portier<br />

spannungsgeladen, trendig<br />

Held<strong>in</strong>, Idol<br />

<strong>in</strong>appropriate [)InE(prEUpriEt]<br />

mistreat [)mIs(tri:t]<br />

retail worker [(ri:teI&l )w§:kE]<br />

skimpy [(skImpi]<br />

upset [Vp(set]<br />

unangemessen<br />

misshandeln<br />

Arbeitskraft im E<strong>in</strong>zelhandel<br />

knapp<br />

aufregen, stören<br />

5|14 <strong>Spotlight</strong><br />


HISTORY | 75 Years Ago<br />

Anglo-Saxon treasures<br />

Vor 75 Jahren wurde e<strong>in</strong> sensationeller Fund <strong>in</strong> dem englischen Ort Sutton Hoo gemacht:<br />

e<strong>in</strong> König mit Schatz und Schiff, der Rätsel aufgibt. Von MIKE PILEWSKI<br />

For 1,300 years, the ship rested <strong>in</strong>side the hill, its only<br />

passenger a sleep<strong>in</strong>g k<strong>in</strong>g, its cargo his treasure.<br />

When the burial site at Sutton Hoo <strong>in</strong> Suffolk, England,<br />

was f<strong>in</strong>ally opened <strong>in</strong> the spr<strong>in</strong>g of 1939 — 75 years<br />

ago this month — it revealed some of the most significant<br />

historic artefacts ever to be found <strong>in</strong> Brita<strong>in</strong>.<br />

The wooden ship, 27 metres long with po<strong>in</strong>ted ends,<br />

had dissolved completely <strong>in</strong> the acidic soil. All that was<br />

left was an impr<strong>in</strong>t, punctuated with a regular pattern of<br />

the iron rivets that had held the ship together. At its centre<br />

was a burial chamber. The body <strong>in</strong>side — even the<br />

bones — had been reduced to traces of phosphate<br />

<strong>in</strong> the soil. The objects that had<br />

been buried with it rema<strong>in</strong>ed, however:<br />

clothes, weapons, jewellery, armour,<br />

dr<strong>in</strong>k<strong>in</strong>g horns and cups, co<strong>in</strong>s<br />

and other luxury goods, many<br />

made of gold or silver, and all<br />

decorated exquisitely. The most<br />

remarkable f<strong>in</strong>d, though, was<br />

an iron helmet.<br />

The helmet would have<br />

covered the wearer’s entire<br />

head and face, leav<strong>in</strong>g only<br />

the eyes free to look out. On<br />

the outside, one sees metal<br />

eyebrows, a nose, a moustache<br />

and a mouth, all connected by<br />

a crest ris<strong>in</strong>g to the top of the<br />

helmet. Some see this comb<strong>in</strong>ation<br />

of shapes as represent<strong>in</strong>g<br />

a bird or dragon fly<strong>in</strong>g<br />

upwards. Bronze panels on<br />

the helmet’s other surfaces<br />

show battle scenes and ornamental<br />

animals.<br />

Rare f<strong>in</strong>d: the iron helmet<br />

The helmet was damaged centuries ago, when the<br />

weight of the soil above caused the burial chamber to collapse.<br />

Parts of the decoration are miss<strong>in</strong>g. Even so, it is still<br />

a most unusual f<strong>in</strong>d: only four complete helmets from that<br />

time are known to exist. The style is similar to that of the<br />

late Roman period, but no Roman wore the helmet; the<br />

wearer must have been an Anglo-Saxon — one of the first<br />

people ever to speak English.<br />

Could the early Middle Ages really have been this advanced?<br />

Before the discovery at Sutton Hoo, extremely little<br />

had been known about the period between the<br />

Romans’ departure <strong>in</strong> AD 410 and the first<br />

Anglo-Saxon k<strong>in</strong>gdoms <strong>in</strong> the 600s. Dur<strong>in</strong>g<br />

these “Dark Ages”, the Angles, Saxons<br />

and Jutes, arriv<strong>in</strong>g from what is<br />

now northern Germany and Denmark,<br />

settled <strong>in</strong> Brita<strong>in</strong>. Their conflicts<br />

with the Celtic Britons<br />

spawned the legend of K<strong>in</strong>g<br />

Arthur — a story first written<br />

down centuries later. The neartotal<br />

lack of documents and<br />

artefacts, except for some<br />

weapons and handmade pottery,<br />

meant that this period<br />

must have been one of decl<strong>in</strong>e<br />

and chaos, historians thought.<br />

Roman-style craftsmanship<br />

could hardly have existed <strong>in</strong><br />

such an environment.<br />

Sutton Hoo changed all<br />

that. The artefacts <strong>in</strong> the<br />

buried ship are evidence of<br />

an organized, advanced culture,<br />

one <strong>in</strong> which the early<br />

Anglo-Saxon k<strong>in</strong>gdoms were<br />

acidic [E(sIdIk]<br />

armour [(A:mE]<br />

burial chamber [(beriEl )tSeImbE]<br />

cargo [(kA:gEU]<br />

craftsmanship [(krA:ftsmEnSIp]<br />

crest [krest]<br />

dissolve [dI(zQlv]<br />

helmet [(helmIt]<br />

impr<strong>in</strong>t [(ImprInt]<br />

Middle Ages [)mId&l (eIdZIz]<br />

sauer, säurehaltig<br />

Rüstung<br />

Grabkammer<br />

Fracht<br />

Handwerkskunst<br />

Helmzier<br />

sich auflösen; hier: sich zersetzen<br />

Helm<br />

Abdruck<br />

Mittelalter<br />

moustache [mE(stA:S]<br />

panel [(pÄn&l]<br />

po<strong>in</strong>ted [(pOIntId]<br />

pottery [(pQtEri]<br />

punctuate [(pVNktSueIt]<br />

reveal [ri(vi:&l]<br />

rivet [(rIvIt]<br />

soil [sOI&l]<br />

spawn [spO:n]<br />

trace [treIs]<br />

Schnurrbart<br />

Platte, Blende<br />

spitz zulaufend<br />

Tonwaren, Keramik<br />

durchsetzen<br />

preisgeben<br />

(Niet)Nagel<br />

Boden<br />

hervorbr<strong>in</strong>gen<br />

Spur<br />

Fotos: British Museum; Mauritius Images<br />

40<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14

The ship had left a perfect impr<strong>in</strong>t<br />

start<strong>in</strong>g to be consolidated. Co<strong>in</strong>s found among<br />

the treasure were made sometime between 595<br />

and 640, lead<strong>in</strong>g historians to speculate that the<br />

body <strong>in</strong>side the ship had been that of K<strong>in</strong>g Rædwald,<br />

who ruled from about 599 to his death <strong>in</strong><br />

624 or 625. Rædwald was the first East Anglian<br />

k<strong>in</strong>g to become a Christian. As such, he may<br />

have been the last k<strong>in</strong>g to have been given this<br />

k<strong>in</strong>d of burial.<br />

Historians see a connection to the Old English<br />

epic poem Beowulf, which beg<strong>in</strong>s with the<br />

funeral of a k<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> a ship. The story takes place <strong>in</strong> southern<br />

Sweden and Denmark dur<strong>in</strong>g the time of the Anglo-<br />

Saxon migration to England.<br />

The burial mound conta<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g the ship was only one of<br />

several at Sutton Hoo. The area was long known to be an<br />

archaeological site. The smaller mounds had, <strong>in</strong> fact, been<br />

plundered over the centuries. Grave-robbers dug <strong>in</strong>to the<br />

ma<strong>in</strong> mound <strong>in</strong> the 16th century, but they did not f<strong>in</strong>d<br />

the treasure, which was deep <strong>in</strong>side.<br />

Interest <strong>in</strong> the site returned dur<strong>in</strong>g the 19th century,<br />

and a small view<strong>in</strong>g platform was built. In 1926, a retired<br />

military officer, Frank Pretty, and his wife, Edith, bought<br />

the property. After Frank died several years later, Edith<br />

took an <strong>in</strong>terest <strong>in</strong> what was under the ground and hired<br />

Basil Brown, a self-taught archaeologist, to excavate the<br />

site. Start<strong>in</strong>g with the smaller mounds, Brown discovered<br />

three burial sites that had already been visited by graverobbers.<br />

In one of them, he found iron ship rivets and a<br />

burial chamber conta<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g fragments of metal and glass<br />

objects.<br />

archaeological site<br />

[A:kiE)lQdZIk&l (saIt]<br />

burial mound [(beriEl maUnd]<br />

consolidate [kEn(sQlIdeIt]<br />

excavate [(ekskEveIt]<br />

plaster cast [)plA:stE (kA:st]<br />

plunder [(plVndE]<br />

self-taught [)self (tO:t]<br />

Ausgrabungsstätte<br />

Grabhügel<br />

sich festigen<br />

ausgraben<br />

Gipsabdruck<br />

plündern<br />

autodidaktisch<br />

Above: a replica of<br />

the ship at the<br />

Sutton Hoo exhibition<br />

centre (left)<br />

In May 1939,<br />

Brown and three<br />

of Pretty’s staff<br />

started digg<strong>in</strong>g<br />

<strong>in</strong>to the largest<br />

mound. On the<br />

third day of their<br />

excavations, they<br />

found an iron rivet. Hours later, they found more, still <strong>in</strong><br />

their orig<strong>in</strong>al positions. After several weeks of careful work,<br />

they reached the burial chamber.<br />

The Ipswich Museum, the British Museum, the Science<br />

Museum <strong>in</strong> London and the Office of Works felt<br />

that the discovery was too big to leave to amateurs. They<br />

sent <strong>in</strong> a team of archaeologists, led by Charles Phillips,<br />

and had the artefacts brought to London.<br />

A newspaper report caught the attention of the village<br />

of Sutton. The treasure, said the village, belonged to Edith<br />

Pretty, because it was her land. Pretty, however, said the<br />

f<strong>in</strong>d should be shared by everyone and made it a gift to<br />

the nation.<br />

From 1965 to 1971, a team from the British Museum<br />

revisited the site and made a plaster cast of the impr<strong>in</strong>t of<br />

the ship <strong>in</strong> the ground. However, a third expedition from<br />

1983 to 1992, led by Mart<strong>in</strong> Carver of the University of<br />

York, brought the most complete f<strong>in</strong>d<strong>in</strong>gs of all. The entire<br />

site was exam<strong>in</strong>ed, with relations be<strong>in</strong>g found to prehistoric<br />

and Roman settlements. A large part of the area was<br />

left untouched for future archaeologists to study, us<strong>in</strong>g<br />

even better methods.<br />

In 2001, the National Trust — the organization that<br />

manages many of Brita<strong>in</strong>’s historic sites — built a visitors’<br />

centre there. All this year, the organization is celebrat<strong>in</strong>g<br />

the 75th anniversary of the 1939 excavation with lectures<br />

and a “1930s liv<strong>in</strong>g history experience”. The artefacts<br />

found 75 years ago are divided between the British Museum,<br />

the Ipswich Museum and the visitors’ centre.<br />

5|14 <strong>Spotlight</strong><br />


PRESS GALLERY | Comment<br />

What is the military for?<br />

Wie s<strong>in</strong>nvoll ist es, e<strong>in</strong>e teure und für die moderne Kriegsführung ausgerüstete Armee zu<br />

unterhalten, wenn diese hauptsächlich für friedliche Zwecke e<strong>in</strong>gesetzt wird?<br />

For at least a century not a year has passed <strong>in</strong> which<br />

British soldiers have not been off fight<strong>in</strong>g somewhere<br />

<strong>in</strong> the world. ...<br />

Our writers suggest that ... 2015 could be the first year<br />

with no British shots fired <strong>in</strong> anger. Officers call this “a<br />

strategic pause”. Certa<strong>in</strong>ly, the prospect of it should<br />

prompt discussion about the purposes of our armed forces.<br />

The nations of Europe spend close to €200 bn annually<br />

on defence and keep one and a half million men and<br />

women under arms, with another four million <strong>in</strong> reserve,<br />

and paramilitary forces. What are they for? They are not<br />

for colonial control. They are not<br />

(after the end of the cold war)<br />

for defence aga<strong>in</strong>st<br />

the Warsaw<br />

Pact. They<br />

Provid<strong>in</strong>g<br />

support to<br />

troops: Brita<strong>in</strong>’s<br />

Royal<br />

Logistic Corps<br />

are not (after Afghanistan, Iraq and Libya, and <strong>in</strong> spite of<br />

Mali and the Central African Republic) for major <strong>in</strong>terventions<br />

outside Europe...<br />

They are not (given the nature of asymmetrical conflict)<br />

for fight<strong>in</strong>g “terrorism”. ...<br />

They are clearly of value ... as general-purpose forces<br />

<strong>in</strong> emergencies such as major floods, fires, earthquakes, or<br />

nuclear accidents, and as providers of cont<strong>in</strong>gents for UN<br />

peacekeep<strong>in</strong>g operations, <strong>in</strong>clud<strong>in</strong>g technical back-up for<br />

less well-equipped troop donors.<br />

Yet are these useful functions best met by forces that<br />

have been expensively tra<strong>in</strong>ed for combat aga<strong>in</strong>st other sophisticated<br />

armies or for use <strong>in</strong> <strong>in</strong>surgencies? Arguably,<br />

many of their skills are redundant and much of their<br />

equipment irrelevant. That goes especially for British and<br />

French nuclear weapons. ...<br />

Is the 21st century, <strong>in</strong> general, so unpredictably dangerous<br />

that we need to ma<strong>in</strong>ta<strong>in</strong> state of the art militaries<br />

on the basis that if we let the skills, traditions and support<strong>in</strong>g<br />

<strong>in</strong>dustries die it will be impossible to revive them? Or<br />

do we need to start th<strong>in</strong>k<strong>in</strong>g about our military establishment<br />

less <strong>in</strong> terms of firepower and more <strong>in</strong> terms of a fire<br />

brigade, with war somewhere <strong>in</strong> the middle, rather than<br />

right at the top, of the list of duties?<br />

© Guardian News & Media 2014<br />

unter Umständen<br />

Streitkräfte<br />

Unterstützung, Reserve-<br />

Milliarde<br />

annähernd<br />

Kampf<br />

Geldgeber(<strong>in</strong>)<br />

Feuerwehr<br />

(militärische) Schlagkraft<br />

allgeme<strong>in</strong><br />

angesichts<br />

Aufstand<br />

h<strong>in</strong>sichtlich<br />

zu etw. anregen<br />

Aussicht<br />

unnötig, überflüssig<br />

wieder zum Leben erwecken<br />

hoch entwickelt,<br />

gut ausgestattet<br />

hochmodern<br />

arguably [(A:gjuEbli]<br />

armed forces [)A:md (fO:sIz]<br />

back-up [(bÄk Vp]<br />

bn = billion [(bIljEn]<br />

close to [(klEUs tE]<br />

combat [(kQmbÄt]<br />

donor [(dEUnE]<br />

fire brigade [(faIE brI)geId]<br />

firepower [(faIE)paUE]<br />

general-purpose<br />

[)dZen&rEl (p§:pEs]<br />

given [(gIv&n]<br />

<strong>in</strong>surgency [In(s§:dZEnsi]<br />

<strong>in</strong> terms of [In (t§:mz Ev]<br />

prompt sth. [prQmpt]<br />

prospect [(prQspekt]<br />

redundant [ri(dVndEnt]<br />

revive [ri(vaIv]<br />

sophisticated [sE(fIstIkeItId]<br />

state of the art [)steIt Ev Di (A:t]<br />

Foto: Alamy<br />

42 <strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14

INFO TO GO<br />

not<br />

The <strong>in</strong>troductory sentence <strong>in</strong> this article looks a little<br />

strange, s<strong>in</strong>ce it conta<strong>in</strong>s two negative constructions.<br />

Non-native speakers of English may have some difficulty<br />

understand<strong>in</strong>g what surely could have been<br />

written <strong>in</strong> a simpler way. In fact, even native speakers<br />

may have to stop and th<strong>in</strong>k for a moment. What is<br />

the journalist say<strong>in</strong>g? Reformulated, the sentence<br />

could read: “British soldiers have been away fight<strong>in</strong>g<br />

somewhere <strong>in</strong> the world every year for the past century.”<br />

Why make th<strong>in</strong>gs sound so complicated? The<br />

answer is style. English is such a rich language that it<br />

allows many different possibilities for say<strong>in</strong>g the<br />

same th<strong>in</strong>g. Journalists can choose to write about the<br />

news <strong>in</strong> a way that states the simple facts, or <strong>in</strong> a way<br />

that conveys a certa<strong>in</strong> tone, such as one of importance.<br />

In this case, a structure is used that simply<br />

holds the reader’s attention.<br />

convey [kEn(veI]<br />

soil [sOI&l]<br />

truffle-grower [(trVf&l )grEUE]<br />

übermitteln, vermitteln<br />

Boden<br />

Trüffelbauer, -bäuer<strong>in</strong><br />

Listen to more news<br />

items <strong>in</strong> Replay<br />

IN THE HEADLINES The Guardian Weekly<br />

When you open your refrigerator to f<strong>in</strong>d someth<strong>in</strong>g to eat,<br />

you may smell the food first to f<strong>in</strong>d out whether it is still<br />

fresh. Food that doesn’t “pass the smell test” must be<br />

thrown away; it’s not what it should be. When we talk<br />

about other th<strong>in</strong>gs not pass<strong>in</strong>g the smell test, we mean<br />

that they are easily determ<strong>in</strong>ed to be bad, fake or wrong.<br />

This headl<strong>in</strong>e referred to an article about French trufflegrowers,<br />

who are look<strong>in</strong>g for a way to measure the smells<br />

that make French truffles different from cheaper Ch<strong>in</strong>ese<br />

truffles. “From the key components of the smell, we<br />

should be able to determ<strong>in</strong>e the soil from where the truffle<br />

comes,” Christian G<strong>in</strong>ies of France’s National Institute<br />

of Agronomic Research told Reuters. Both varieties of<br />

black truffle are very similar, but those from France sell<br />

for €1,000 a kilo, while those from Ch<strong>in</strong>a cost only €30.<br />

Klasse<br />

Unterricht!<br />

Vielfalt für Ihr Klassenzimmer!<br />

Exklusiv für Lehrer: Begleitmaterial, Kopiervorlagen<br />

und Tipps <strong>in</strong> der Unterrichtsbeilage.<br />

Gratis<br />

zum<br />

Lehrer-<br />

Abo!<br />

Bestellen Sie jetzt!<br />

+49 (0)89/8 56 81-150 www.spotlight-verlag.de/lehrerzimmer

ARTS | What’s New<br />

| Comedy<br />

A song <strong>in</strong> his heart:<br />

James Corden is the<br />

hopeful Paul Potts<br />

Paul’s story<br />

With American film-maker David Frankel (The<br />

Devil Wears Prada) <strong>in</strong> the director’s chair, audiences<br />

can expect a humorous look at the real-life<br />

story of Paul Potts, the shy young man from Port Talbot,<br />

Wales, who won Brita<strong>in</strong>’s Got Talent <strong>in</strong> 2007.<br />

We know that this fairy tale ended happily, so Frankel’s<br />

ma<strong>in</strong> challenge <strong>in</strong> One Chance is to make it <strong>in</strong>terest<strong>in</strong>g.<br />

He does this by show<strong>in</strong>g Potts (James Corden) as the product<br />

of a no-nonsense, work<strong>in</strong>g-class environment. Dad<br />

Roland (Colm Meaney) wants his son to work with him<br />

at the local steel mill, while lov<strong>in</strong>g Mum Yvonne (Julie<br />

| Crime<br />

The film 3 Days to Kill is the first movie for some time to<br />

star Kev<strong>in</strong> Costner. Prov<strong>in</strong>g that late middle age can have <strong>in</strong>terest<strong>in</strong>g<br />

moments, he plays Ethan Renner, a CIA spy who returns<br />

to his home <strong>in</strong> Paris to<br />

reconnect with his daughter Zoey:<br />

Renner has a bra<strong>in</strong> tumour, and time<br />

is short. When the CIA approaches<br />

him with the offer of new medic<strong>in</strong>es<br />

if he will do one last job <strong>in</strong>volv<strong>in</strong>g<br />

two <strong>in</strong>ternational terrorists, “Dad”<br />

and “bad” start to rhyme <strong>in</strong> more<br />

ways than one. McG (Joseph McG<strong>in</strong>ty<br />

Nichol) directs. Starts 8 May.<br />

Kev<strong>in</strong> Costner: back for more<br />

Walters) th<strong>in</strong>ks that Paul is a genius. Potts himself dreams<br />

only of opera, but he is low on confidence.<br />

It’s when he f<strong>in</strong>ds the true love of Julz (Alexandra<br />

Roach) that he beg<strong>in</strong>s to believe <strong>in</strong> his wonderful voice<br />

and a future that could take him away from life as a carphone<br />

salesman. Frankel does a good job of comb<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g<br />

beautiful music with slightly obvious comedy. With coproducers<br />

Harvey We<strong>in</strong>ste<strong>in</strong> and Simon Cowell <strong>in</strong>volved,<br />

One Chance is def<strong>in</strong>itely a crowd-pleaser. But it’s also an<br />

<strong>in</strong>spir<strong>in</strong>g story about follow<strong>in</strong>g your dreams, someth<strong>in</strong>g<br />

we can all relate to. Starts 22 May.<br />

| Action<br />

War and its<br />

consequences<br />

This fast-mov<strong>in</strong>g action film beg<strong>in</strong>s<br />

when four US soldiers travel deep <strong>in</strong>to<br />

the mounta<strong>in</strong>s of Afghanistan to f<strong>in</strong>d a<br />

dangerous Taliban leader. From then on,<br />

everyth<strong>in</strong>g goes badly wrong. Shepherds<br />

discover the soldiers and <strong>in</strong>form<br />

the Taliban, which leads to an ambush<br />

and an impossible battle for survival.<br />

Based on a true story, Lone Survivor<br />

is an <strong>in</strong>tense war movie featur<strong>in</strong>g<br />

strong performances from Mark Wahlberg, Emile Hirsch and<br />

Taylor Kitsch. Written and directed by Peter Berg (Hancock, Battleship),<br />

the film shows the terrible consequences of war and<br />

raises challeng<strong>in</strong>g moral questions. Out on DVD on 8 May.<br />

ambush [(ÄmbUS]<br />

approach sb. [E(prEUtS]<br />

crowd-pleaser: be a ~<br />

[(kraUd )pli:zE] ifml.<br />

fairy tale [(feEri teI&l]<br />

genius [(dZi:niEs]<br />

low on confidence: be ~<br />

[)lEU Qn (kQnfIdEns]<br />

Angriff aus dem H<strong>in</strong>terhalt<br />

an jmdn. herantreten<br />

beim Publikum gut<br />

ankommen<br />

Märchen<br />

Genie<br />

kaum Selbstvertrauen haben<br />

no-nonsense<br />

[)nEU (nQnsEns]<br />

reconnect with sb.<br />

[)ri:kE(nekt w:ð]<br />

rhyme [raIm]<br />

salesman [(seI&lzmEn]<br />

shepherd [(SepEd]<br />

steel mill [(sti:&l mIl]<br />

nüchtern<br />

zu jmdm. wieder e<strong>in</strong>e<br />

Verb<strong>in</strong>dung aufbauen<br />

sich reimen<br />

Verkäufer, Händler<br />

(Schaf)Hirte<br />

Stahlwerk<br />

Fotos: Corbis; PR<br />

44 <strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14

| Read<strong>in</strong>g<br />

| General knowledge<br />

Every month <strong>in</strong> the Arts section (p. 47), we recommend an easy<br />

reader for you to enjoy. These stories have been specially written<br />

or adapted for English learners. Every story is graded accord<strong>in</strong>g<br />

to the level of the language. But how do you know<br />

what level is right for you? A good start<strong>in</strong>g po<strong>in</strong>t is the How<br />

Good Is Your English? app from Oxford Bookworms. Its<br />

12 tests allow you to<br />

f<strong>in</strong>d your level, us<strong>in</strong>g<br />

chapters from different<br />

books <strong>in</strong> the Oxford<br />

Bookworms easy-reader<br />

series. Once you have<br />

tried a test, the free app<br />

tells you which books<br />

are available for your<br />

level. Different publishers<br />

have their own<br />

names for the levels, but<br />

the app is a good guide<br />

for all easy readers. How<br />

Good Is Your English? is<br />

available from iTunes.<br />

Your level of English:<br />

f<strong>in</strong>d it here<br />

James O’Brien is a<br />

morn<strong>in</strong>g presenter<br />

for the Londonbased<br />

radio station<br />

LBC. Every week, he<br />

presents James<br />

O’Brien’s Mystery<br />

Hour, to<br />

which listeners can<br />

call <strong>in</strong> and ask any<br />

question they want<br />

to have answered.<br />

O’Brien chooses the<br />

Ask him: presenter James O’Brien<br />

most <strong>in</strong>terest<strong>in</strong>g<br />

suggestions, then <strong>in</strong>vites listeners to phone <strong>in</strong> and offer an answer.<br />

The result of this unusual format is a number of surpris<strong>in</strong>g<br />

discussions. Do magnets work <strong>in</strong> space? Who <strong>in</strong>vented<br />

swimm<strong>in</strong>g? Or how do you expla<strong>in</strong> colours to bl<strong>in</strong>d people?<br />

These are just some of the questions that have been asked <strong>in</strong><br />

recent programmes, and while the answers may not be what<br />

you expect, the show is always enterta<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g. What’s more, as<br />

O’Brien promises, you will certa<strong>in</strong>ly be more knowledgeable at<br />

the end of the show than you were at its start. James O’Brien’s<br />

Mystery Hour is available free as a weekly podcast on iTunes.<br />

| Music<br />

With songs such as “The Young Ones” and “Move<br />

It”, Cliff Richard became an icon of British rock<br />

and roll <strong>in</strong> the late 1950s and early 1960s. He chose<br />

to stay with melody and harmony, though, build<strong>in</strong>g<br />

a career on tunes that <strong>in</strong>clude “We Don’t Talk Anymore”<br />

and “The Millennium Prayer”. He became one<br />

of the most famous members of the British enterta<strong>in</strong>ment<br />

<strong>in</strong>dustry and was chosen to perform at Queen<br />

Elizabeth’s Diamond Jubilee concert <strong>in</strong> 2012. With<br />

more than 50 years of experience and 100 albums to his<br />

name, Sir Cliff br<strong>in</strong>gs his “Still Reel<strong>in</strong>’ and A-Rock<strong>in</strong>’<br />

Tour” to Germany <strong>in</strong> May, prov<strong>in</strong>g that music really has<br />

made him — and kept him — a “young one”. For dates<br />

of his shows, as well as concert times and tickets, check<br />

www.cliffrichard.org<br />

Still go<strong>in</strong>g<br />

strong: Cliff<br />

Richard is<br />

on the road<br />

adapt [E(dÄpt]<br />

-based [beIst]<br />

diamond jubilee<br />

[)daIEmEnd (dZu:bIli:]<br />

icon [(aIkQn]<br />

tune [tju:n]<br />

bearbeiten, anpassen<br />

<strong>in</strong> ... ansässig, mit Sitz <strong>in</strong>...<br />

hier: 60. Thronjubiläum<br />

Idol<br />

Melodie<br />

Reviews by OWEN CONNORS and EVE LUCAS<br />

5|14 <strong>Spotlight</strong><br />


ARTS | Short Story and Books<br />

The big grey man of Ben MacDhui<br />

E<strong>in</strong> junger Mann plant e<strong>in</strong>e Wanderung auf e<strong>in</strong>en der höchsten Berge Schottlands. Zuvor macht<br />

er e<strong>in</strong>e beunruhigende Bekannschaft. Von NIGEL MARSH<br />

We’ve got one of those.”<br />

I turned my head to see if the voice was talk<strong>in</strong>g<br />

to me. I was sitt<strong>in</strong>g at a bus stop, wait<strong>in</strong>g for the<br />

bus that would take me to the foot of Ben MacDhui for a<br />

day’s walk on one of Scotland’s<br />

wildest mounta<strong>in</strong>s. I<br />

hadn’t noticed the old man.<br />

He po<strong>in</strong>ted at the newspaper<br />

I was read<strong>in</strong>g.<br />

“We’ve got one of<br />

those,” he repeated.<br />

I looked him up and<br />

down: short, with a tough<br />

appearance, a white beard.<br />

“You’ve got one of<br />

what?” I asked.<br />

“One of those.”<br />

He tapped the headl<strong>in</strong>e<br />

<strong>in</strong> the newspaper: “New<br />

sight<strong>in</strong>g of yeti.”<br />

“Up there, he is,” he<br />

said, and he nodded towards<br />

the mounta<strong>in</strong>s, still topped with snow, although the<br />

summer was already here.<br />

“Tell me more,” I said, try<strong>in</strong>g hard not to smile.<br />

“Saw him with my own eyes,” the old man went on.<br />

“Thirty years ago, it was. A Sunday <strong>in</strong> the early spr<strong>in</strong>g. The<br />

snow was still deep on the mounta<strong>in</strong>s.”<br />

He turned his head and spat on to the road.<br />

“Anyway,” he cont<strong>in</strong>ued, “I was up there, and I’d got<br />

myself a wee bit lost. The w<strong>in</strong>d was gett<strong>in</strong>g up, and it was<br />

just beg<strong>in</strong>n<strong>in</strong>g to snow aga<strong>in</strong>. Then I heard it.”<br />

“What, the yeti?” I said, eyes wide.<br />

“Not the yeti — and anyway, we don’t call him that<br />

round here. No, it was a groan<strong>in</strong>g sound, someone <strong>in</strong> pa<strong>in</strong>.<br />

I followed the sound, and I found him.”<br />

“You found the yeti?” I asked.<br />

“No, not him. Just a man. Ly<strong>in</strong>g by a big rock. His eyes<br />

were closed. Snow was settl<strong>in</strong>g on his clothes and face. I<br />

leaned down and put my hand on his shoulder. His eyes<br />

opened wide, and he screamed, try<strong>in</strong>g to get away from<br />

me, whimper<strong>in</strong>g and wav<strong>in</strong>g his arms around. ‘Calm yourself<br />

down,’ I said. ‘I’m here to help you, you fool.’”<br />

The old man spat aga<strong>in</strong> and cont<strong>in</strong>ued: “So he started<br />

talk<strong>in</strong>g to himself. In Gaelic, it was: ‘Am Fear Liath Mòr’<br />

— the big grey man, that means. Kept say<strong>in</strong>g it. ‘Where’s<br />

the trouble?’ I asked, look<strong>in</strong>g for an <strong>in</strong>jury. I touched his<br />

leg, and he howled — broken. He wouldn’t be walk<strong>in</strong>g off<br />

that mounta<strong>in</strong>.”<br />

“What did you do?” I asked the old man, beg<strong>in</strong>n<strong>in</strong>g to<br />

f<strong>in</strong>d the story <strong>in</strong>terest<strong>in</strong>g.<br />

“Aye, what was I to do? The snow was com<strong>in</strong>g down,<br />

the w<strong>in</strong>d was blow<strong>in</strong>g. I tell you, I began to fear for both<br />

me and him. I had flares <strong>in</strong> my rucksack, but there was no<br />

po<strong>in</strong>t <strong>in</strong> send<strong>in</strong>g one up <strong>in</strong> a blizzard. I couldn’t leave the<br />

man there to die. So I decided to build a snow hole to keep<br />

us safe for the night.”<br />

“A snow hole? You’re jok<strong>in</strong>g,” I laughed.<br />

The old man looked me up and down, from my new<br />

boots to my new jacket.<br />

“You haven’t spent a lot of time <strong>in</strong> the mounta<strong>in</strong>s,” he<br />

said to me.<br />

“You’re right,” I admitted. “Please, tell me more.”<br />

“Well, anyway,” the old man cont<strong>in</strong>ued, “I found a<br />

good spot and started digg<strong>in</strong>g. It was tough work, and it<br />

was dark when I’d f<strong>in</strong>ished, but there it was: an ice cave.<br />

So I pulled the man <strong>in</strong>, lit a couple of candles and closed<br />

up the entrance.”<br />

The old man stopped for a moment, and then he<br />

leaned towards me. “It was a wild night,” he said. “The<br />

w<strong>in</strong>d was howl<strong>in</strong>g like a hungry wolf until...”<br />

The old man’s voice dropped, and I leaned closer.<br />

“Until... <strong>in</strong> the wee small hours, as the w<strong>in</strong>d dropped,<br />

I heard someth<strong>in</strong>g else out there <strong>in</strong> the icy dark. First, I<br />

a wee bit [E (wi: bIt] Scot.<br />

aye [aI] = yes<br />

blizzard [(blIzEd]<br />

cave [keIv]<br />

flare [fleE]<br />

Gaelic [(geIlIk]<br />

groan [grEUn]<br />

howl [haUl]<br />

e<strong>in</strong> kle<strong>in</strong>es bisschen<br />

heftiger Schneesturm<br />

Höhle<br />

Leuchtsignal<br />

Gälisch<br />

stöhnen<br />

(auf)heulen<br />

look sb. up and down<br />

[lUk )Vp End (daUn]<br />

po<strong>in</strong>t at sth. [(pOInt Et]<br />

sight<strong>in</strong>g [(saItIN]<br />

spit [spIt]<br />

the wee small hours<br />

[ðE (wi: smO:l )aUEz]<br />

whimper [(wImpE]<br />

jmdn. mustern, jmdn. taxieren<br />

auf etw. zeigen<br />

Sichtung, Sichten<br />

spucken<br />

die frühen Morgenstunden<br />

wimmern<br />

Fotos: iStock; photos.com<br />

46 <strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14

Short Story<br />

heard footsteps crunch<strong>in</strong>g on fresh snow; then a deepthroated<br />

breath<strong>in</strong>g, and a snuffl<strong>in</strong>g of someth<strong>in</strong>g sniff<strong>in</strong>g<br />

the air, sniff<strong>in</strong>g the ground, search<strong>in</strong>g, hunt<strong>in</strong>g. Closer it<br />

came. The man beside me, who I had thought asleep, began<br />

to whimper aga<strong>in</strong>. ‘Am Fear Liath Mòr,’ he whispered. Then<br />

there was a scuffle and a crack, and someth<strong>in</strong>g squealed terribly<br />

as it died. The w<strong>in</strong>d began to moan aga<strong>in</strong>.”<br />

The old man stopped and studied my face. “Well, the<br />

morn<strong>in</strong>g came, and the sun was sh<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g, so I sent up a<br />

flare, and all we could do was wait. I left the man <strong>in</strong> the<br />

snow hole until a helicopter from Dunmarne airbase saw<br />

us. They were putt<strong>in</strong>g him on a stretcher, when he started<br />

mutter<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> Gaelic aga<strong>in</strong>. The paramedic says to me: ‘So<br />

you’ve been hav<strong>in</strong>g fun with the big grey man, have you?<br />

Tall as a house, all covered <strong>in</strong> hair, they say.’”<br />

The old man blew his nose loudly. “Well,” he cont<strong>in</strong>ued,<br />

“after the helicopter left, I started down the mounta<strong>in</strong>.<br />

I went past the rock where I’d found him. And there<br />

it was.”<br />

“What, the big grey man?” I asked, surprised.<br />

“No, it wasn’t the big grey man. It was the head of a<br />

mounta<strong>in</strong> hare, torn from its body. There it was, ly<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> a<br />

patch of red snow. When I saw that, I started to run. I ran<br />

down that mounta<strong>in</strong>, and I didn’t stop until I reached<br />

the village.”<br />

The old man rubbed his beard.<br />

“Maybe it was just a dog,” I said as I stood up. My bus<br />

had arrived.<br />

He gr<strong>in</strong>ned. “Maybe. — Anyway, enjoy your day on<br />

the mounta<strong>in</strong>.”<br />

Novel<br />

Pakistani writer Fatima<br />

Bhutto’s debut novel The<br />

Shadow of the Crescent<br />

Moon takes place on<br />

the morn<strong>in</strong>g of Eid, a big Muslim<br />

celebration, <strong>in</strong> a city on<br />

Pakistan’s north-western border<br />

to Afghanistan. Three<br />

brothers meet for breakfast before<br />

they leave the house to<br />

follow separate paths: paths<br />

that represent different aspects<br />

of Pakistan’s recent history, <strong>in</strong> particular, its decision to<br />

support America <strong>in</strong> the fight aga<strong>in</strong>st Islamic fundamentalism.<br />

Bhutto is the granddaughter of former Pakistani Prime M<strong>in</strong>ister<br />

Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, so she knows about complex situations. But<br />

her simple language reflects on human be<strong>in</strong>gs, deal<strong>in</strong>g with<br />

history, tradition and the price<br />

of progress. Pengu<strong>in</strong>, €11.30.<br />

Easy reader<br />

The popular expression “revenge is<br />

a dish best served cold” is the message<br />

at the heart of the story<br />

47 Ron<strong>in</strong>. Set <strong>in</strong> 18th-century<br />

Japan, this is the true tale of a<br />

group of Samurai fighters who decide<br />

to take revenge on a lord who<br />

has caused the death of one of their<br />

comrades. Although they have no<br />

master — ron<strong>in</strong> is the name for<br />

samurai who have no leader — the<br />

fighters organize a plan for revenge.<br />

They then wait patiently for two years before they have<br />

the chance to carry this out. All of the 47 ron<strong>in</strong> know that this<br />

will mean death, but their honour is <strong>in</strong> question, and they have<br />

no choice. Jennifer Bassett retells this dramatic story at easyreader<br />

level stage one. The book comes with a list of words expla<strong>in</strong>ed<br />

<strong>in</strong> simple English, six pages of activities and a CD<br />

version of the story. Oxford Bookworms, €11.37.<br />

blow one’s nose<br />

[)blEU wVnz (nEUz]<br />

carry sth. out [)kÄri (aUt]<br />

crunch [krVntS]<br />

deep-throated [)di:p (TrEUtId]<br />

moan [mEUn]<br />

mounta<strong>in</strong> hare<br />

[(maUntIn )heE]<br />

mutter [(mVtE]<br />

paramedic [)pÄrE(medIk]<br />

sich schnäuzen<br />

etw. durchführen<br />

knirschen<br />

kehlig<br />

jammern<br />

Schneehase<br />

murmeln<br />

Sanitäter(<strong>in</strong>)<br />

patch [pÄtS] Fleck (➝ p. 61)<br />

revenge is a dish best Rache ist e<strong>in</strong> Gericht, das man am<br />

served cold [ri)vendZ Iz E besten kalt serviert<br />

)dIS best s§:vd (kEUld]<br />

scuffle [(skVf&l]<br />

raufen<br />

sniff [snIf]<br />

schnüffeln<br />

snuffle [(snVf&l]<br />

schnuppern<br />

squeal [skwi:&l]<br />

quieken, kreischen<br />

stretcher [(stretSE]<br />

Krankentrage<br />

whisper [(wIspE]<br />

flüstern<br />

Reviews by EVE LUCAS<br />

5|14 <strong>Spotlight</strong><br />


Mehr Sprache können Sie<br />

nirgendwo shoppen.<br />

Die besten Sprachprodukte für Ihr Englisch, ausgewählt und empfohlen von<br />

Ihrem SprachenShop-Team aus dem <strong>Spotlight</strong> Verlag.<br />




DEAR KEN<br />

Ken Taylor ist der Fachmann für Bus<strong>in</strong>ess<br />

English <strong>in</strong> der <strong>Spotlight</strong>-Redaktion. Seit<br />

1998 beantwor<br />

tet er <strong>in</strong> jeder <strong>Spotlight</strong>-<br />

Ausgabe Leserfragen<br />

<strong>in</strong> se<strong>in</strong>er Kolumne<br />

Dear<br />

Ken. Über d ie Jahre ist e<strong>in</strong>e beacht-<br />

liche Sammlung an wertvollen Tipps und<br />

Tricks für das Englisch im Beruf wie auch<br />

im privaten Alltag entstanden. In diesem<br />

Buch s<strong>in</strong>d die 101 beliebtesten Fragen<br />

wie <strong>in</strong> e<strong>in</strong>em Ratgeber zusammengefasst.<br />

Auch sehr praktisch für den Unterricht.<br />

Buch mit 160 Seiten.<br />

Englisch<br />

Artikel-Nr. 15593. € 12,99 (D)/€ 13,40 (A)<br />

WA<br />

ALK &TA<br />


Wer sich beim Lernen bewegt, nimmt<br />

mehr vom Lernstoff auf und kann ihn<br />

besser behalten. Genau darauf beruht<br />

der<br />

Walk and talk Hörkurs<br />

. Er is t für An-<br />

fänger und Wiedere<strong>in</strong>steiger, die<br />

durch<br />

das Hören Englisch lernen möchten.<br />

Die<br />

Audio-CDs be<strong>in</strong>halten 15 Lektion<br />

en, wel-<br />

che die Umgangssprache <strong>in</strong> Beruf, Alltag<br />

und Freizeit vermitteln. E<strong>in</strong> zusätzliches<br />

Begleitheft liegt bei.<br />

2 Audio-CDs mit Begleitheft (80 Seiten)<br />

Englisch. Niveau A2. Artikel-Nr. 14048<br />

€ 9,99 (D)/€ 9,99 (A)<br />

I GOT IT!<br />

Typische<br />

Englisch-Fehler<br />

sicher vermei-<br />

den, dafür sorg<br />

t I got it! . Die wichtigsten<br />

Stolperste<strong>in</strong>e <strong>in</strong> den Bereichen Gramma-<br />

tik, Wortschatz,<br />

Rechtschreibung und<br />

Aussprache werden<br />

übersichtlich und<br />

anschaulich erklärt.<br />

Abwechslungsreiche<br />

Übungen und Rätsel,<br />

e<strong>in</strong>prägsame Lern-<br />

tipps und unterhaltsame<br />

Illustrationen<br />

verstärken den<br />

Lerneffekt.<br />

Buch mit 128 Seiten. Englisch<br />

Artikel-Nr. 15594<br />

€ 8,99 (D)/€ 9,20 (A)<br />


S<br />



D<br />

er Sprachkurs<br />

La<br />

n<br />

genscheidt IQ En<br />

nglisch<br />

auf<br />

Nive<br />

a<br />

u<br />

A1/A2<br />

enthält alles, was Sie benötigen, um e<strong>in</strong>fach und flexibel Eng-<br />

lisch zu lernen. Der<br />

Kurs bietet Ihnen die Möglichkeit jederzeit<br />

und überall zu lernen und an Sicherheit zu gew<strong>in</strong>nen. Folgen-<br />

de Module, die alle mite<strong>in</strong>ander verknüpft s<strong>in</strong>d, s<strong>in</strong>d <strong>in</strong> dem<br />

Kurs enthalten:<br />


von den Machern<br />

von <strong>Spotlight</strong>!<br />

* Zwei Bücher mit je zwölf Kapiteln und e<strong>in</strong>er MP3-CD<br />

* Audio-Kurs auf MP3-CD<br />

* Software-Tra<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g für Mac und PC auf USB-Stick<br />

* Vokabeltra<strong>in</strong>er-App für iPhone, iPod touch, iPad oder<br />

Android Smartphone<br />

* 2 x 2 Term<strong>in</strong>e e à 45 M<strong>in</strong>uten im Virtual Classroom<br />

* <strong>in</strong>klusive hochwertigem USB-Stereo-Headset<br />

IQ-Box Englisch. Niveau A1/A2<br />

Artikel-Nr. 13076. € 189,00 (D)/€ 189,00 (A)<br />


Englisch lernen n wird mit diesem Spiel zum<br />

Witz. Spieler dürfen dabei Witze, Reime,<br />

Zungenbrecher und<br />

lustige Zitate zum Bes-<br />

ten geben! Die Mitspieler müssen dabei ge-<br />

nau h<strong>in</strong>hören, um den Sieg zu erlangen!<br />

Englisches Sprachspiel.<br />

Niveau B1-C2<br />

Artikel-Nr. 18128. € 19,95 (D)/€ 19,95 (A)<br />

Bei uns f<strong>in</strong>den Sie Lese- und Hörproben zu den ausgewählten Produkten. Für aktuelle Informationen und

Kompetent. Persönlich. Individuell.<br />


RS<br />





Der Kurs wurde nich<br />

t nur komplett über-<br />

arbeitet, er wurde auch radikal reduziert!<br />

In <strong>in</strong>sgesamt 27 Lektionen<br />

werden alle<br />

wesentlichen Grammmatikstrukturen<br />

wie-<br />

derholt und gefestiggt.<br />

Außerdem erfah-<br />

ren Sie alles Wissenswerte über das Le-<br />

ben und die Kultur <strong>in</strong> englischsprachigen<br />

Ländern. Der Kurs en thält zwei Übungs-<br />

bücher und acht Audio-CDs<br />

und bedient<br />

di e Niveaustufen A1-<br />

B1.<br />

Komplettkurs Englisch,<br />

Niveau A1-B1<br />

Artikel-Nr. 15597<br />

€ 16,99 (D)/€ 17,50 (A)<br />


JAHRG<br />

GANG 2013<br />

Nutzen Sie die Gelegenheit, alle zwölf<br />

Ausgaben des Jahre<br />

s 2013 jetzt zu bestel-<br />

len – um Wissenswertes zu erfahren und<br />

Versäumtes nachzuholen.<br />

Der Magaz<strong>in</strong>- ,<br />

der Übungsheft- wie auch der Audio-CD-<br />

Jahrgang s<strong>in</strong>d um 20% vergünstigt.<br />

Magaz<strong>in</strong>-Jahrgang 2013<br />

Artikel-Nr. 912013. € 59,50 (D)/€ 61,20 (A)<br />

Ü<br />

bungsheft<br />

p<br />

lu<br />

s-Jah<br />

rgang 2013<br />

Artikel-Nr. 911352. € 32,65 (D)/€ 33,60 (A)<br />

Audio-CD-Jahrgang 2013<br />

Artikel-Nr. 911300. € 103,70 (D)/€ 103,70 (A)<br />



E<strong>in</strong>fach auf www.sprachenshop.de<br />

gehen.<br />

Nach<br />

Artikel-Nummer<br />

oder<br />

Produktnamen<br />

suchen.<br />

Bestellen.<br />

PONS 250<br />


Alle wichtigen Grammatikthemen f<strong>in</strong>den<br />

Sie zusammengefasst <strong>in</strong> diesem Buch.<br />

Ihnen werden zahlreiche nützliche Tipps<br />

gegeben und unbek<br />

kannte Wörter kann<br />

man e<strong>in</strong>fach im Glossar<br />

nachschlagen.<br />

Gerne können Sie auch telefonisch, per E-Mail oder Post bestellen. Bei e<strong>in</strong>er schrift-<br />

lichen<br />

oder telefonischen Bestellung g eben Sie bitte die Artikelnummer,<br />

die Menge<br />

sowie<br />

Ihre Anschrift an.<br />

E-Mail:<br />

bestellung@sprachenshop.de<br />

Telefon:<br />

+49 (0)711/72 52-245<br />

Fax:<br />

+49 (0)711/72 52-366<br />

Post:<br />

Postfach 81 06 80<br />

70523 Stuttgart<br />

Deutschland<br />

Buch mit 176 Seiten. Englisch. Niveau A1-B2<br />

Artikel-Nr. 15600. € 9, ,99 (D)/€ 10,30 (A)<br />

Sonderangebote<br />

bestellen Sie<br />

e<strong>in</strong>fach unseren<br />

en<br />

kostenlosen Newsletter. e<br />

. Alles auf www.sprachenshop.de<br />

ww.<br />


LANGUAGE | Vocabulary<br />

Time for tea<br />

This month, ANNA HOCHSIEDER takes a closer look at the language you need to talk<br />

about tea.<br />

2<br />

1<br />

3<br />

4<br />

14<br />

17<br />

16<br />

15<br />

13<br />

9<br />

8<br />

7<br />

5<br />

6<br />

12<br />

11<br />

10<br />

1. electric kettle<br />

2. mug<br />

3. tea cosy<br />

4. tea caddy (UK)<br />

5. tea leaves<br />

6. tea stra<strong>in</strong>er<br />

7. biscuit t<strong>in</strong> [(bIskIt]<br />

(US cookie t<strong>in</strong>)<br />

8. sugar bowl [bEUl]<br />

(with sugar cubes)<br />

9. teapot<br />

10. tea tray<br />

11. teaspoon<br />

12. saucer [(sO:sE]<br />

13. teacup<br />

14. milk jug [(mIlk dZVg]<br />

15. lemon press /<br />

lemon-squeezer (UK)<br />

16. teabag<br />

17. tea <strong>in</strong>fuser<br />

The perfect cuppa<br />

Prepar<strong>in</strong>g tea is a serious bus<strong>in</strong>ess, and there is a lot of<br />

disagreement about how to make the perfect cup of<br />

black tea. The Royal Society of Chemistry has studied<br />

the art of tea-mak<strong>in</strong>g from a scientific perspective. Here<br />

is what the chemists suggest.<br />

Use loose-leaf Assam tea, soft water, fresh cold milk<br />

and white sugar. Boil the water. Warm a ceramic teapot<br />

conta<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g a little water <strong>in</strong> a microwave oven. When the<br />

kettle is boil<strong>in</strong>g, dra<strong>in</strong> the water from the preheated pot.<br />

Place one teaspoonful of tea per cup <strong>in</strong> the pot.<br />

Pour boil<strong>in</strong>g water on to the tea leaves. Stir, then<br />

leave to brew for three m<strong>in</strong>utes. Pour milk <strong>in</strong>to a mug<br />

or cup. Stra<strong>in</strong> the tea <strong>in</strong>to the cup. Add sugar to taste.<br />

Let the tea cool off slightly before dr<strong>in</strong>k<strong>in</strong>g.<br />

How do you like your tea? Do you take it with milk<br />

or lemon? How long do you let it steep? Do you have a<br />

favourite blend? M<strong>in</strong>e is green tea flavoured with lemon<br />

grass. In w<strong>in</strong>ter, I like herbal <strong>in</strong>fusions with camomile,<br />

m<strong>in</strong>t or rooibos, and on a hot summer’s day, iced tea is<br />

wonderfully refresh<strong>in</strong>g. The possibilities are endless.<br />

Illustration: Bernhard Förth<br />

50<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14

Möchten Sie noch mehr Tipps und Übungen?<br />

Practice<br />

Now try the exercises below to practise talk<strong>in</strong>g about tea.<br />

Abonnieren Sie <strong>Spotlight</strong> plus! www.spotlight-onl<strong>in</strong>e.de/ueben<br />

1. F<strong>in</strong>d the th<strong>in</strong>gs on the opposite page that you need for mak<strong>in</strong>g tea and<br />

that match the descriptions below.<br />

a) It’s made of metal, and you use it to stir your tea after you’ve added milk and sugar. _______________<br />

b) It’s a small round plate, and you place your teacup on it. _______________<br />

c) It’s larger than a cup, and you dr<strong>in</strong>k tea, coffee or hot chocolate from it. _______________<br />

d) It looks like someth<strong>in</strong>g you wear on your head, but it is used to keep a teapot warm. _______________<br />

e) It’s a small metal conta<strong>in</strong>er with a lid, and you use it to keep tea leaves or tea bags <strong>in</strong>. _______________<br />

f) You can put loose tea leaves <strong>in</strong> this if you don’t want them to move around <strong>in</strong> the pot. _______________<br />

2. Complete the follow<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong>structions for mak<strong>in</strong>g green tea with n<strong>in</strong>e different verbs<br />

from the text on the opposite page.<br />

(a) B_______________ the water, then let it cool off a little. (b) W_______________ the teapot with a little boil<strong>in</strong>g<br />

water, then (c) d_______________ the water off. (d) P_______________ the tea leaves <strong>in</strong> the pot, or use a tea <strong>in</strong>fuser.<br />

(e) P_______________ the boil<strong>in</strong>g water over the tea leaves. (f) S_______________ once or twice while the tea is brew<strong>in</strong>g, or<br />

move the <strong>in</strong>fuser around a little. Let the tea (g) s_______________ for one to three m<strong>in</strong>utes. Remove the <strong>in</strong>fuser, or<br />

(h) s_______________ the tea <strong>in</strong>to the cups to avoid hav<strong>in</strong>g tea leaves <strong>in</strong> your tea. (i) A_______________ sugar to taste.<br />

3. Match the tea-mak<strong>in</strong>g verbs on the left (a – d) to their def<strong>in</strong>itions on the right (1 – 4).<br />

a) If tea is brew<strong>in</strong>g or steep<strong>in</strong>g,<br />

b) If you pour tea,<br />

c) If you stir tea,<br />

d) If you stra<strong>in</strong> tea,<br />

a ➯<br />

b ➯<br />

c ➯<br />

d ➯<br />

1. you move it around <strong>in</strong> the pot or cup, us<strong>in</strong>g a spoon.<br />

2. you pour it through a stra<strong>in</strong>er to separate the leaves from the liquid.<br />

3. you let it flow out of the pot <strong>in</strong>to a cup or mug.<br />

4. the mixture of tea leaves and hot water is becom<strong>in</strong>g ready to dr<strong>in</strong>k.<br />

4. Complete the follow<strong>in</strong>g quotation with a seven-letter expression from the opposite page.<br />

“Never trust a man who, when left alone <strong>in</strong> a room with a _ _ _ _ _ _ _, doesn’t try it on.” (Billy Connolly, Scottish comedian)<br />

Although coffee is drunk at least as much as tea these days, tea is still said to be a British<br />

<strong>in</strong>stitution. Here are some British English words and phrases based on this topic.<br />

• A cuppa is an <strong>in</strong>formal word for a “cup of tea”: “Shall we have a cuppa?”<br />

• To brew up means “to make a cup of tea”: “I’ll brew us up a nice cup of tea, shall I?”<br />

• To put the kettle on is also often used <strong>in</strong> the sense of “to make a cup of tea”: “Put the kettle<br />

on, would you? I’m thirsty.”<br />

• Tea can also be a meal — either a light meal of sandwiches, cake and biscuits <strong>in</strong> the<br />

afternoon, served with a cup of tea, or a larger, cooked, even<strong>in</strong>g meal: “The children usually<br />

have their tea at six.”<br />

• A tea break is a short pause from work <strong>in</strong> the middle of the morn<strong>in</strong>g (also sometimes called<br />

“elevenses”) or afternoon, when people have someth<strong>in</strong>g small to eat and dr<strong>in</strong>k.<br />

Tips<br />

Answers<br />

1. a) teaspoon; b) saucer;<br />

c) mug; d) tea cosy;<br />

e) tea caddy (lid: Deckel);<br />

f) tea <strong>in</strong>fuser<br />

2. a) Boil; b) Warm; c) dra<strong>in</strong>;<br />

d) Place / Put; e) Pour;<br />

f) Stir (brew: hier: ziehen);<br />

g) steep (ziehen lassen);<br />

h) stra<strong>in</strong> (durchseihen);<br />

i) Add<br />

3. a–4; b–3; c–1; d–2<br />

4. tea cosy<br />

5|14 <strong>Spotlight</strong><br />


LANGUAGE | Travel Talk<br />

Travell<strong>in</strong>g by coach<br />

Journey <strong>in</strong> comfort and at little<br />

expense with RITA FORBES.<br />

Why not go by coach?<br />

You know, I was just hav<strong>in</strong>g a look onl<strong>in</strong>e, and I<br />

found a special offer on a coach trip to Liverpool.<br />

All the way to Liverpool by coach? How long does<br />

it take?<br />

Well, longer than by tra<strong>in</strong>, of course — five or six<br />

hours. But the fares are really cheap. And it looks<br />

comfortable enough. There’s a toilet on the coach<br />

and Wi-Fi and even power sockets so you can<br />

charge your phone dur<strong>in</strong>g the trip. And they make<br />

a stop halfway there so you can stretch your legs<br />

and get a bite to eat.<br />

That doesn’t sound bad at all.<br />

Where’s the departure gate?<br />

Here we are: Victoria Coach Station. Which gate<br />

do we leave from?<br />

Hang on! Just let me check the tickets. Departure:<br />

9 o’clock from gate 8.<br />

Gate 8’s this way... There it is!<br />

But shouldn’t the coach be here already? Excuse me!<br />

We’re look<strong>in</strong>g for the 9 a.m. coach to Liverpool.<br />

Is this the right place?<br />

Yes, it is. There’s been a small delay — traffic jam<br />

on the motorway. But the coach should be here<br />

any m<strong>in</strong>ute. You can just take a seat <strong>in</strong> the wait<strong>in</strong>g<br />

area.<br />

Ah, OK. Thanks.<br />

Welcome on board!<br />

Good morn<strong>in</strong>g! May I see your tickets, please?<br />

Yes, here you are.<br />

Thank you. I’ll just put your luggage <strong>in</strong> the hold.<br />

Is it marked with your name? All right, you can go<br />

ahead and board now. Sit wherever you like.<br />

This looks nice. Would you like the w<strong>in</strong>dow seat?<br />

If you don’t m<strong>in</strong>d sitt<strong>in</strong>g next to the aisle.<br />

Thanks for jo<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g us today for our journey from<br />

London to Liverpool. Can everyone hear me? We<br />

want you to be as comfortable as possible. There are<br />

snacks and dr<strong>in</strong>ks for sale here at the front, and we<br />

have complimentary newspapers as well. Our first<br />

stop will be <strong>in</strong> about two hours. Please keep your<br />

seat belts fastened. OK, off we go!<br />

• In British English, a coach is a bus that travels long<br />

distances between cities. The word “bus” is used for<br />

public transport with<strong>in</strong> a town or city. Many different<br />

privately operated companies offer coach services<br />

<strong>in</strong> Brita<strong>in</strong>. The largest is National Express<br />

(www.nationalexpress.com). If you want to save<br />

money, Megabus has some <strong>in</strong>tercity tickets for as little<br />

as £1 (www.megabus.com).<br />

• The money that you pay for a journey is called a fare,<br />

such as bus fare, taxi fare or airfare.<br />

• If you walk around after sitt<strong>in</strong>g for a long time, you<br />

stretch your legs.<br />

• Get a bite to eat is a common expression that<br />

means to eat a quick snack or a small meal.<br />

• Victoria Coach Station is the largest coach station<br />

<strong>in</strong> London. Here, the area from which a coach leaves is<br />

called a gate. At other stations, the word “platform”<br />

might be used <strong>in</strong>stead.<br />

• Departure is the time that a coach or other form of<br />

transport leaves.<br />

• In a traffic jam, there are too many vehicles on a<br />

road, and they can move only slowly.<br />

• A motorway (N. Am.: highway) is a road with several<br />

lanes, designed so that people can drive fast.<br />

• The luggage hold is the area below the bus where suitcases<br />

can be stored dur<strong>in</strong>g a journey. You can usually<br />

take only one small bag with you on to the coach.<br />

• To board a coach, bus or tra<strong>in</strong> means to “enter” it.<br />

After you have boarded, you are “on board”.<br />

• On a coach, tra<strong>in</strong> or aeroplane, the aisle [aI&l] is the<br />

long, narrow space between the rows of seats, lead<strong>in</strong>g<br />

from the front to the back.<br />

• Someth<strong>in</strong>g complimentary doesn’t cost anyth<strong>in</strong>g.<br />

• Seat belts keep people safely <strong>in</strong> their seats if the<br />

vehicle stops suddenly or <strong>in</strong> case<br />

of an accident.<br />

charge [tSA:dZ]<br />

go ahead [gEU E(hed]<br />

hang on [hÄN (Qn] ifml.<br />

here you are [(hIE ju )A:]<br />

Off we go! [(Qf wi )gEU]<br />

power socket [(paUE )sQkIt]<br />

Wi-Fi [(waI faI]<br />

hier: aufladen<br />

fortfahren<br />

Moment, warte(n Sie) mal<br />

bitte schön<br />

Los geht’s!<br />

Steckdose<br />

WLAN<br />

Tips<br />

Fotos: Alamy; iStock<br />

52 <strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14

Cards | LANGUAGE<br />

phub<br />


We tried to have a family meal yesterday, but the<br />

children just phubbed us.<br />


What would a speaker of British<br />

English say?<br />

North American: “That’s just my two cents’<br />

worth. It’s your decision, though.”<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14<br />


Make the follow<strong>in</strong>g statements sound<br />

less formal:<br />

1. We then partook of a delicious meal.<br />

2. Guests can partake <strong>in</strong> several different<br />

activities.<br />

Translate:<br />


1. Das ist das erste Mal, dass ich dich so<br />

unglücklich sehe.<br />

2. Es ist nicht das erste Mal, dass ich diese<br />

Frage stelle.<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14 <strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14<br />



Read the follow<strong>in</strong>g words aloud:<br />

curable<br />

disputable<br />

Ch<strong>in</strong>g Yee Smithback<br />

serviceable<br />

transferable<br />

have a memory like a sieve<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14 <strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14<br />


tachometer / Tachometer<br />

Translate the follow<strong>in</strong>g sentences:<br />

1. The tachometer [tÄ(kQmItE] was show<strong>in</strong>g<br />

4,000 rpm (revolutions per m<strong>in</strong>ute).<br />

2. Laut Tachometer fuhren wir 145 km/h.<br />


Complete these sentences with<br />

“beside” or “besides”:<br />

1. No one agreed me ________ my husband.<br />

2. My wife sat ________ me <strong>in</strong> the front seat.<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14 <strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14

LANGUAGE | Cards<br />


British speaker: “That’s just my op<strong>in</strong>ion.<br />

It’s your decision, though.”<br />

An American offer<strong>in</strong>g an op<strong>in</strong>ion may “put <strong>in</strong> his<br />

or her two cents’ worth”. A British speaker may<br />

also use the more old-fashioned expression “put<br />

<strong>in</strong> one’s two penn’orth”.<br />


Phub is a new verb blended (zusammengesetzt)<br />

from “phone” and “snub”, which means to “ignore<br />

somebody”. When you are more <strong>in</strong>terested <strong>in</strong><br />

your phone than a conversation with someone,<br />

you are phubb<strong>in</strong>g that person.<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14<br />


1. This is the first time (that) I’ve seen you so<br />

unhappy.<br />

2. This is not the first time (that) I’ve asked /<br />

posed this question.<br />

Whereas <strong>in</strong> German the second half of the<br />

sentence is <strong>in</strong> the present tense, <strong>in</strong> English, the<br />

present perfect is used.<br />


1. We then ate / had a delicious meal.<br />

2. Guests can jo<strong>in</strong> <strong>in</strong> several different activities.<br />

Of these two prepositional verbs, “partake of” is<br />

rarely used today. “Partake <strong>in</strong>”, however, is still<br />

used quite frequently <strong>in</strong> the written form.<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14 <strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14<br />


This expression can come as no surprise to speakers<br />

of German (e<strong>in</strong> Gedächtnis wie e<strong>in</strong> Sieb haben).<br />

“Memory” is sometimes replaced by “m<strong>in</strong>d”.<br />

“Joe’s already forgotten everyth<strong>in</strong>g I said to him.<br />

He’s got a memory like a sieve.”<br />

[(kjUErEb&l]<br />

[(s§:vIsEb&l]<br />


[dI(spju:tEb&l]<br />

[trÄns(f§:rEb&l]<br />

When the suffix “-able” appears at the end of a<br />

verb and forms an adjective, this does not<br />

generally affect the stress pattern (Betonungsmuster)<br />

of the root. Contrast this with the<br />

German suffix -abel — as <strong>in</strong> rentabel, spendabel —<br />

which carries the stress itself.<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14 <strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14<br />


1. No one agreed with me besides my husband.<br />

2. My wife sat beside me <strong>in</strong> the front seat.<br />

The preposition “beside” means “next to”, “at the<br />

side of” (neben), whereas “besides” means “<strong>in</strong><br />

addition to” or “apart from” (außer). “Besides” is<br />

also an adverb mean<strong>in</strong>g “<strong>in</strong> addition” or “as well”<br />

(außerdem).<br />


1. Der Drehzahlmesser zeigte 4.000 U/m<strong>in</strong>.<br />

2. Accord<strong>in</strong>g to the speedometer [spI(dQmItE],<br />

we were do<strong>in</strong>g 90 miles an hour.<br />

Here, we are talk<strong>in</strong>g about <strong>in</strong>struments on the<br />

dashboard (Armaturenbrett) of a car. In other<br />

technical areas, however, German Tachometer<br />

and English “tachometer” have the same<br />

mean<strong>in</strong>g.<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14 <strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14

Listen to dialogues 3 and 4<br />

Everyday English | LANGUAGE<br />

At the dentist’s<br />

This month, DAGMAR TAYLOR looks at the<br />

words and phrases people use when they go<br />

to the dentist.<br />

1. Mak<strong>in</strong>g an appo<strong>in</strong>tment<br />

Boris is call<strong>in</strong>g his dentist’s practice to make an<br />

appo<strong>in</strong>tment.<br />

Receptionist: Whitefields Dental Care and Implant<br />

Centre. Tracy speak<strong>in</strong>g. How can I help?<br />

Boris: Hello! I’m call<strong>in</strong>g to make an appo<strong>in</strong>tment for<br />

a check-up.<br />

Tracy: OK. Which dentist do you usually see?<br />

Boris: Dr Qureshi.<br />

Tracy: Dr Qureshi. Right. And would you give me<br />

your name, please?<br />

Boris: It’s Boris Tate.<br />

Tracy: Thank you, Mr Tate. Let’s have a look. The next<br />

available appo<strong>in</strong>tment would be on Monday,<br />

16 June, at 10.30 a.m.<br />

Boris: Sorry, morn<strong>in</strong>gs are really bad for me. Do you<br />

have anyth<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> the late afternoon or <strong>in</strong> the<br />

even<strong>in</strong>g?<br />

Tracy: Would Friday the 27th at 5 p.m. work for you?<br />

Boris: Yes, that would be much better. Thank you.<br />

2. Arriv<strong>in</strong>g at the dentist’s<br />

Boris has just arrived at the dental practice to<br />

have his check-up.<br />

Boris: Goodness! It’s pour<strong>in</strong>g down out there.<br />

Tracy: Has it just come on?<br />

Boris: Yes. The moment I got out of the car.<br />

Tracy: Typical, isn’t it? How can I help?<br />

Boris: I’ve got an appo<strong>in</strong>tment at five o’clock. Tate’s<br />

the name.<br />

Tracy: Is your appo<strong>in</strong>tment with the hygienist or with<br />

the dentist?<br />

Boris: With Dr Qureshi.<br />

Tracy: Ah, right. Dr Qureshi will be with you shortly,<br />

Mr Tate. Please take a seat <strong>in</strong> the wait<strong>in</strong>g<br />

room.<br />

Boris: Actually, I’ve just come from work, and I<br />

haven’t had time to clean my teeth. Do you<br />

have a toothbrush I could use?<br />

Tracy: Yes, of course. You’ll f<strong>in</strong>d toothbrushes and<br />

toothpaste <strong>in</strong> the men’s.<br />

Boris: That’s great. Thanks.<br />

Fotos: iStock; Monkey Bus<strong>in</strong>ess<br />

• Dental means anyth<strong>in</strong>g to do with teeth; for example,<br />

“dental floss” (Zahnseide). Care is the process of<br />

provid<strong>in</strong>g people with what they need <strong>in</strong> order to be<br />

safe and healthy.<br />

• To identify yourself on the phone, say your name followed<br />

by the word speak<strong>in</strong>g. In a less formal situation,<br />

you can say “It’s…” and then your name.<br />

• When you make an appo<strong>in</strong>tment, you make a formal<br />

arrangement to meet or visit<br />

someone at a particular time<br />

on a particular day.<br />

• A check-up is a medical or dental<br />

exam<strong>in</strong>ation to make sure you<br />

are healthy.<br />

• Here, see means “go to” or “have a<br />

meet<strong>in</strong>g with”.<br />

• If you say that a specific date or time<br />

works for you, you mean that it is<br />

convenient (passend, günstig) or<br />

suitable.<br />

Tips<br />

• By pour<strong>in</strong>g down, Boris means it is “ra<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g heavily”.<br />

Especially <strong>in</strong> the UK, the weather is often mentioned<br />

as a conversation starter.<br />

• When someone talks about the ra<strong>in</strong> start<strong>in</strong>g, he or she<br />

may ask if it has just come on.<br />

• When Boris arrives, he lets the receptionist know who<br />

he is by say<strong>in</strong>g: Tate’s the name. “My name is Tate” is<br />

also possible.<br />

• A dental hygienist [(haIdZi:nIst] works <strong>in</strong> a dental<br />

practice, clean<strong>in</strong>g people’s teeth and advis<strong>in</strong>g them<br />

about how best to keep them clean.<br />

• If someone says that a person will be with you<br />

shortly, it means he or she “will see you soon” —<br />

which could mean <strong>in</strong> five m<strong>in</strong>utes or <strong>in</strong> twenty m<strong>in</strong>utes.<br />

• Take a seat is a friendly way of say<strong>in</strong>g “sit down”.<br />

• A polite way to say “toilet for men” is the men’s or<br />

“the Gents”. The equivalent for women is “the Ladies”.<br />

Goodness! [(gUdnEs] ifml.<br />

Tips<br />

Du me<strong>in</strong>e Güte!<br />

5|14 <strong>Spotlight</strong><br />


LANGUAGE | Everyday English<br />

3. In the chair 4. All done<br />

Dr Qureshi is mak<strong>in</strong>g conversation with Boris before<br />

exam<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g his teeth.<br />

After exam<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g Boris’s teeth, Dr Qureshi is advis<strong>in</strong>g<br />

his patient about the necessary treatment.<br />

Dr Qureshi: Hello there, Mr Tate! It’s been a while s<strong>in</strong>ce<br />

I last saw you.<br />

Boris: Yes, I’m afraid so. It’s shock<strong>in</strong>g how time flies.<br />

Dr Qureshi: Mmm! (looks at the screen) Yes, it was <strong>in</strong><br />

2011.<br />

Boris: Was it really? I didn’t realize it had been so long.<br />

It’s noth<strong>in</strong>g personal, honest.<br />

Dr Qureshi: (laughs) Well, I hope not. Have you had<br />

any problems? Any pa<strong>in</strong> at all?<br />

Boris: No, everyth<strong>in</strong>g’s f<strong>in</strong>e, really. Sometimes my<br />

gums bleed a bit when I brush my teeth, but...<br />

Dr Qureshi: Do you floss regularly?<br />

Boris: Probably not as often as I should.<br />

Dr Qureshi: OK, let’s have a look, shall we? Just lie back<br />

for me, please.<br />

Dr Qureshi: OK. You can r<strong>in</strong>se now. I’m afraid there’s<br />

a small cavity <strong>in</strong> one of your molars.<br />

Boris: Ah, OK.<br />

Dr Qureshi: You also have quite a build-up of tartar.<br />

You should make an appo<strong>in</strong>tment to see the hygienist<br />

— she’ll give you a scale and polish.<br />

Boris: Will I need a new appo<strong>in</strong>tment for the fill<strong>in</strong>g?<br />

Dr Qureshi: No, we can do that now. Would you prefer<br />

an amalgam fill<strong>in</strong>g or a white one? You’ll have<br />

to pay for a white fill<strong>in</strong>g yourself. The NHS<br />

classes them as a cosmetic treatment.<br />

Boris: How much will it cost? And will it hurt?<br />

Dr Qureshi: It’ll cost about £60. And it won’t hurt —<br />

well, not much.<br />

• Time flies is an expression that means time<br />

seems to pass very quickly.<br />

• To make sure someone is not offended (beleidigt,<br />

verletzt) by your behaviour or what you have said,<br />

you can say: It’s noth<strong>in</strong>g personal.<br />

• Honest(ly) can be used to emphasize (betonen) that<br />

you are tell<strong>in</strong>g the truth.<br />

• When at all is added to a question, it means “<strong>in</strong> any<br />

way”.<br />

• Your gums are the areas of flesh around the roots of<br />

your teeth. If they bleed when you brush them, it can<br />

be a sign of gum disease.<br />

• You can say either brush my teeth or, <strong>in</strong> British English,<br />

“clean my teeth”.<br />

• When you talk about us<strong>in</strong>g dental floss, you can use<br />

the verb floss.<br />

Tips<br />

• The dentist usually asks you to r<strong>in</strong>se your mouth<br />

with water after exam<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g or treat<strong>in</strong>g your teeth.<br />

• Dentists call holes <strong>in</strong> your teeth cavities.<br />

• Tartar [(tɑ:tE] is a hard substance that forms on your<br />

teeth and can damage them.<br />

• The procedure for remov<strong>in</strong>g tartar is known as a scale<br />

and polish.<br />

• The material used to fill a hole <strong>in</strong> your tooth is a fill<strong>in</strong>g.<br />

• Amalgam [E(mÄlgEm] fill<strong>in</strong>gs — made with a mixture<br />

of mercury (Quecksilber) and other metals — are still<br />

common <strong>in</strong> the UK.<br />

• The NHS (National Health Service) is the UK’s public<br />

health service. It provides medical treatment and is<br />

paid for from taxes.<br />

cosmetic treatment<br />

[kQz)metIk (tri:tmEnt]<br />

molar [(mEUlE]<br />

kosmetische Behandlung<br />

Backenzahn<br />

Tips<br />


1. Add the miss<strong>in</strong>g word.<br />

a) Would Friday the 27th at 5 p.m. work _____ you?<br />

b) Dr Qureshi will be _____ you shortly.<br />

c) Do you feel any pa<strong>in</strong> _____ all?<br />

d) Will I need a new appo<strong>in</strong>tment _____ the fill<strong>in</strong>g?<br />

2. True or false?<br />

a) Boris would like an appo<strong>in</strong>tment for a check-up. _____<br />

b) Boris’s appo<strong>in</strong>tment is with the hygienist. _____<br />

c) Boris flosses regularly. _____<br />

d) Boris is afraid of pa<strong>in</strong>. _____<br />

3. What did they say?<br />

a) Which dentist do you usually s______?<br />

b) It’s p______ down out there.<br />

c) Sometimes my g ______ bleed a bit.<br />

d) You can r______ now.<br />

4. Underl<strong>in</strong>e the correct words.<br />

a) Hello! Tracy speak<strong>in</strong>g / talk<strong>in</strong>g.<br />

b) Please sit down / take a seat <strong>in</strong> the wait<strong>in</strong>g room.<br />

c) Have you had any / some problems?<br />

d) I’m afraid / sorry there’s a small cavity <strong>in</strong> one of<br />

your teeth.<br />

56 <strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14<br />

Answers: 1. a) for; b) with; c) at; d) for; 2. a) true; b) false (Boris’s appo<strong>in</strong>tment is with the dentist, Dr Qureshi);<br />

c) false; d) true; 3. a) see; b) pour<strong>in</strong>g; c) gums; d) r<strong>in</strong>se; 4. a) speak<strong>in</strong>g; b) take a seat; c) any; d) afraid

The Grammar Page | LANGUAGE<br />

Us<strong>in</strong>g the<br />

future perfect<br />

ADRIAN DOFF presents and expla<strong>in</strong>s this key po<strong>in</strong>t of grammar<br />

with notes on a short dialogue.<br />

Mae’s brother is celebrat<strong>in</strong>g his birthday <strong>in</strong> a restaurant.<br />

Mae and her partner, Phil, have been <strong>in</strong>vited.<br />

Mae: I’ll pick you up at 6.30. I’ll have f<strong>in</strong>ished 1 work by<br />

then. The party starts at seven o’clock.<br />

Phil: Yeah, but I won’t have f<strong>in</strong>ished 2 by 6.30. No way!<br />

I’ve got a report to write. It has to be f<strong>in</strong>ished by<br />

Wednesday.<br />

Mae: How about seven? Will you have f<strong>in</strong>ished 3 by then?<br />

Phil: I doubt it. Look, why don’t we go a bit later? You<br />

could meet me at 8.30, and we could go to the party<br />

around n<strong>in</strong>e.<br />

Mae: But it’s a d<strong>in</strong>ner party. It’s <strong>in</strong> a restaurant. Everyone<br />

will have eaten 4 by n<strong>in</strong>e. We’ll miss the food.<br />

Phil: Yes, but the party will still be go<strong>in</strong>g 5 on. It’ll probably<br />

just be gett<strong>in</strong>g 5 <strong>in</strong>terest<strong>in</strong>g. All we’ll miss is the<br />

bor<strong>in</strong>g part.<br />

Mae: That’s what you th<strong>in</strong>k. You don’t know my brother’s<br />

friends. They’ll want to go 6 home to bed by ten.<br />

1 Mae uses the future perfect tense — will have + past<br />

participle — to talk about th<strong>in</strong>gs that will already be<br />

f<strong>in</strong>ished at a particular time <strong>in</strong> the future.<br />

2 This is the negative form of the future perfect tense:<br />

won’t have + past participle.<br />

3 This is a future perfect question.<br />

(You will... Will you...?)<br />

4 Here is another example of the future perfect. (They’ll eat<br />

before n<strong>in</strong>e, so by n<strong>in</strong>e they will have eaten.)<br />

5 Phil uses the future cont<strong>in</strong>uous tense — will be + -<strong>in</strong>g<br />

— to talk about th<strong>in</strong>gs that will happen at a particular<br />

time <strong>in</strong> the future.<br />

6 Here, Mae uses the future simple because she is mak<strong>in</strong>g<br />

a prediction (Vorhersage).<br />

Beyond the basics<br />

Remember!<br />

Both the future perfect and future cont<strong>in</strong>uous tenses<br />

are used to talk about a particular time <strong>in</strong> the future:<br />

• By 7.30<br />

...I’ll have come home from work.<br />

...I’ll be hav<strong>in</strong>g d<strong>in</strong>ner.<br />

• This time next year<br />

...we’ll have moved to the US.<br />

...we’ll be liv<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> Miami.<br />

1. Change the verbs <strong>in</strong> brackets <strong>in</strong>to the future<br />

perfect tense.<br />

a) I’m look<strong>in</strong>g forward to be<strong>in</strong>g 66. I _________________<br />

(retire) by then.<br />

b) Don’t r<strong>in</strong>g them after 10.30. They ____________ (go)<br />

to bed.<br />

c) By 2020, my children ____________ (leave) school.<br />

d) ____________ (you / have) a chance to read the report<br />

by tomorrow morn<strong>in</strong>g?<br />

e) Let’s buy her The Hobbit for her birthday. I’m sure she<br />

____________ (not / read) it.<br />

Notice how by is often used with the future perfect<br />

tense:<br />

• Will you have f<strong>in</strong>ished by seven o’clock?<br />

(= at or before seven)<br />

• Everyone will have eaten by n<strong>in</strong>e o’clock.<br />

(= at or before n<strong>in</strong>e)<br />

• I’ll have f<strong>in</strong>ished work by then.<br />

(= at or before that time)<br />

2. Choose the most suitable verb tense<br />

from each option.<br />

a) By next summer, he’ll be leav<strong>in</strong>g / he’ll have left<br />

home, and he’ll be work<strong>in</strong>g / he’ll have worked.<br />

b) I hope I will be f<strong>in</strong>d<strong>in</strong>g / will have found a job by<br />

the end of the year.<br />

c) I can’t meet you at 12. I’ll be hav<strong>in</strong>g / I’ll have had<br />

lunch with a client.<br />

d) By 2020, they say the sea level will be ris<strong>in</strong>g /<br />

will have risen by 4 cm.<br />

Answers: 1. a) will (’ll) have retired; b) will (’ll) have gone; c) will have left;<br />

d) Will you have had; e) won’t have read; 2. a) he’ll have left, he’ll be work<strong>in</strong>g;<br />

b) will have found; c) I’ll be hav<strong>in</strong>g; d) will have risen (sea level: Meeresspiegel )<br />


5|14 <strong>Spotlight</strong><br />


LANGUAGE | The Soap<br />

Helen<br />

Phil<br />

Peggy<br />

Just a detail<br />

Jo<strong>in</strong> us at Peggy’s Place — <strong>Spotlight</strong> ’s very<br />

own London pub. By INEZ SHARP<br />

George<br />

Sean<br />

FOCUS<br />

Builder: So where exactly do you want this hatch, guv’nor?<br />

Phil: Somewhere along here?<br />

Builder: You don’t sound so sure. Want to ask the missus?<br />

Phil: No, no. It’s actually right here. This is where I want<br />

you to open the wall.<br />

Builder: And how big is this hatch go<strong>in</strong>g to be?<br />

Phil: Big enough for someone to stand beh<strong>in</strong>d and serve<br />

coffee and sandwiches from.<br />

Builder: So that would be?<br />

Phil: How should I know? You’re the builder. You tell me.<br />

Builder: Yeah, I’m the builder, not the bloody architect.<br />

Now, if you’ll take my advice, you’ll talk to the missus<br />

and stop wast<strong>in</strong>g my time. Does she even know about<br />

this? It’s her pub, isn’t it?<br />

Sean: Yes, but I th<strong>in</strong>k Phil would like to surprise his wife.<br />

Builder: And who would you be?<br />

Sean: What bus<strong>in</strong>ess is that of yours?<br />

Builder: Don’t get on your high horse, sonny. Just ask<strong>in</strong>g.<br />

Phil: Look, I know for sure that my wife would like this<br />

hatch built. She wants to start a sort of takeaway breakfast<br />

service for people work<strong>in</strong>g round here.<br />

Builder: You mean like McDonald’s has?<br />

Sean: Not exactly. The way I see it...<br />

Builder: Who’s the boss here? You or him?<br />

Phil: Sean’s our chef, so we need to have him <strong>in</strong>volved.<br />

Builder: Bit young, a<strong>in</strong>’t he? Irish, too, by the sound of it.<br />

Sean: You are...<br />

Phil: Calm down, Sean. Why don’t you get Aamir to br<strong>in</strong>g<br />

us all a whisky, and we’ll talk this through?<br />

Builder: I can’t dr<strong>in</strong>k while I’m work<strong>in</strong>g.<br />

Phil: This one’s on the house.<br />

Builder: In that case, I th<strong>in</strong>k I could make an exception.<br />

Phil: And br<strong>in</strong>g us a pencil and some paper, Sean.<br />

Builder: Nice place. I bet it’s worth a bob or two.<br />

Aamir: Whisky for the two gentlemen! Ah, Mr Sutton!<br />

It’s nice to see you aga<strong>in</strong>. How’ve you been keep<strong>in</strong>g?<br />

Mr Sutton, the cockney (Urlondoner) builder, uses three <strong>in</strong>formal<br />

expressions to talk to or about people. He calls Phil<br />

guv’nor [(gVvnE] (Chef). In the past, this word was used to<br />

talk to a boss or someone of a higher social stand<strong>in</strong>g. Today,<br />

it is usually used <strong>in</strong> a humorous way: Phil is not Mr Sutton’s<br />

boss, but he will pay the bill. The missus [(mIsIz] (bessere<br />

Hälfte) is a jokey (scherzhaft) way for a man to talk about his<br />

or someone else’s wife. The word is usually used with the<br />

article “the” and implies that the wife is the boss. When Mr<br />

Sutton uses the word sonny [(sVni] (Söhnchen, Kle<strong>in</strong>er), he<br />

is try<strong>in</strong>g to make Sean feel <strong>in</strong>ferior (m<strong>in</strong>derwertig).<br />

“ ”<br />

Jane<br />

Stop wast<strong>in</strong>g my time!<br />

Phil: Do you two know each other?<br />

Aamir: Mr Sutton was k<strong>in</strong>d enough to give me some work<br />

as a plasterer when I first came to London.<br />

Builder: And let me tell you, he was the best and hardestwork<strong>in</strong>g<br />

person on the team.<br />

Phil: So why did you give up the work, Aamir?<br />

Builder: Turns out he’s allergic to someth<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> the plaster,<br />

a<strong>in</strong>’t he? Cry<strong>in</strong>g shame, really. So, you’re work<strong>in</strong>g here<br />

now. Teach<strong>in</strong>g them a th<strong>in</strong>g or two, I bet.<br />

Aamir: I wouldn’t say that. Are you do<strong>in</strong>g some build<strong>in</strong>g<br />

work on the pub, Mr Sutton?<br />

Phil: Yeah, he’s mak<strong>in</strong>g the hatch for the takeaway service.<br />

Aamir: Will it be along the kitchen wall?<br />

Phil: It’s the perfect spot for people to wait.<br />

Builder: Let’s go and have a butcher’s.<br />

Aamir: But, Mr Sutton...<br />

Builder: We still need to decide exactly where.<br />

Aamir: But there’s a problem with your plan.<br />

Phil: You leave this to us, Aamir.<br />

Builder: No, let’s hear what he has to say.<br />

Aamir: This pub is a listed build<strong>in</strong>g. You can’t change the<br />

exterior without consent from the plann<strong>in</strong>g authority.<br />

Phil: How do you know?<br />

Aamir: You have that newspaper article on the wall, the<br />

framed one. It says this is a listed build<strong>in</strong>g.<br />

Builder: Told you he was sharp.<br />

Phil: Damn!<br />

a<strong>in</strong>’t [eInt] ifml. = is, am, are not<br />

bloody [(blVdi] UK ifml. verdammt<br />

bob [bQb] UK ifml.<br />

alter britischer Schill<strong>in</strong>g<br />

consent [kEn(sent]<br />

Bewilligung, Genehmigung<br />

cry<strong>in</strong>g shame [)kraIIN (SeIm] e<strong>in</strong> Jammer, e<strong>in</strong>e wahre Schande<br />

get on one’s high horse sich aufs hohe Ross setzen<br />

[)get Qn wʌnz )haI (hO:s] ifml.<br />

hatch [hÄtS]<br />

Durchreiche, Halbtür<br />

have a butcher’s (hook) e<strong>in</strong>en Blick auf etw. werfen<br />

[)hEv E (bUtSEz] UK<br />

(rhym<strong>in</strong>g slang = have a look)<br />

listed build<strong>in</strong>g<br />

denkmalgeschütztes Gebäude<br />

[)lIstId (bIldIN] UK<br />

on the house [)Qn DE (haUs] auf Kosten des Hauses<br />

plasterer [(plA:stErE]<br />

Gipsarbeiter(<strong>in</strong>), Verputzer(<strong>in</strong>)<br />

sharp [SA:p]<br />

hier: scharfs<strong>in</strong>nig<br />

turn out [)t§:n (aUt]<br />

sich herausstellen<br />

58 <strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14<br />

Have a look at all the characters from Peggy’s Place at<br />


English at Work | LANGUAGE<br />

Dear Ken: How can I prepare<br />

for a press conference?<br />

Dear Ken<br />

My new job <strong>in</strong>cludes runn<strong>in</strong>g press conferences <strong>in</strong> English<br />

and tak<strong>in</strong>g part <strong>in</strong> them. Do you have any words of advice<br />

on what I should th<strong>in</strong>k about <strong>in</strong> preparation for conferences<br />

like this?<br />

With best wishes<br />

Henrik O.<br />

Dear Henrik<br />

Thanks for this <strong>in</strong>terest<strong>in</strong>g topic. Here are my ten simple<br />

rules for successful press conferences:<br />

1. Def<strong>in</strong>e clear roles for your conference team: choose the<br />

conference leader and assign the responsibility for different<br />

areas of competence to the <strong>in</strong>dividual team<br />

members.<br />

2. Agree on exactly what should be said at the start of the<br />

conference. Th<strong>in</strong>k through the questions you might be<br />

asked, and prepare answers to them. Identify questions<br />

that might cause embarrassment or show your organization<br />

<strong>in</strong> a bad light.<br />

3. Allow enough time for each <strong>in</strong>dividual <strong>in</strong> the team to<br />

thoroughly prepare his or her part <strong>in</strong> the process. Nonnative<br />

speakers of English then have the chance to<br />

identify the vocabulary they will need.<br />

4. On the day of the event, enter the conference room<br />

after all the journalists have arrived.<br />

5. The conference leader should start by briefly giv<strong>in</strong>g the<br />

reason for the press conference.<br />

6. The members of the team should be <strong>in</strong>troduced <strong>in</strong>dividually,<br />

giv<strong>in</strong>g their names, roles <strong>in</strong> the organization<br />

and the reason for their presence.<br />

7. The conference leader should expla<strong>in</strong> the procedure<br />

and give the approximate tim<strong>in</strong>g for the conference.<br />

8. Journalists should be asked to identify themselves and<br />

their news organization before ask<strong>in</strong>g a question.<br />

9. The conference leader should generally act as meet<strong>in</strong>g<br />

facilitator, pass<strong>in</strong>g questions to the appropriate team<br />

member and rarely answer<strong>in</strong>g them personally.<br />

10. At the end, the conference leader should thank the<br />

journalists and conclude the conference.<br />

If you have a clear idea of the procedure to follow and prepare<br />

th<strong>in</strong>gs well, you will feel more comfortable runn<strong>in</strong>g<br />

or tak<strong>in</strong>g part <strong>in</strong> a press conference <strong>in</strong> English.<br />

Good luck!<br />

Ken<br />

Follow Ken Taylor’s “Hot Tips” on Twitter @DearKen101. You can<br />

buy his book Dear Ken... 101 answers to your questions about bus<strong>in</strong>ess<br />

English from<br />

Send your questions<br />

about bus<strong>in</strong>ess English<br />

by e-mail with “Dear<br />

Ken” <strong>in</strong> the subject l<strong>in</strong>e to<br />

language@spotlight-verlag.de<br />

Each month, I answer two questions<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong> readers have sent <strong>in</strong>. If one of<br />

them is your question, you’ll receive a<br />

copy of my book: Fifty Ways to Improve<br />

Your Bus<strong>in</strong>ess English. So don’t forget<br />

to add your mail<strong>in</strong>g address!<br />

Dear Ken<br />

Is “and / or” a valid grammatical construct that I could use<br />

<strong>in</strong> a bus<strong>in</strong>ess e-mail? For example, can one write: “Please<br />

send any <strong>in</strong>formation and / or reports you have on this<br />

subject.”? And is vocaliz<strong>in</strong>g the word “slash” acceptable <strong>in</strong><br />

a meet<strong>in</strong>g; for example: “I am so tired SLASH hungry.”?<br />

K<strong>in</strong>d regards from Austria<br />

Peter J.<br />

Dear Peter<br />

The “and / or” construct is valid. It is used to shorten a set<br />

of alternatives. For example, you might say: “In this meet<strong>in</strong>g,<br />

we could decide when our sales conference should be<br />

held and / or choose the venue.”<br />

This means we could decide on dates for the conference,<br />

or we could choose the venue, or we could do both.<br />

I personally don’t use “and / or” <strong>in</strong> e-mails. I would also<br />

never vocalize a slash when speak<strong>in</strong>g, unless I am dictat<strong>in</strong>g<br />

a website address, as <strong>in</strong> “www.spotlight-onl<strong>in</strong>e.de SLASH<br />

language”. You may hear it <strong>in</strong> <strong>in</strong>formal situations, but <strong>in</strong><br />

my op<strong>in</strong>ion, it is <strong>in</strong>appropriate <strong>in</strong> a bus<strong>in</strong>ess sett<strong>in</strong>g.<br />

Regards “and / or” best wishes<br />

Ken<br />

appropriate [E(prEUpriEt]<br />

entsprechend<br />

approximate [E(prQksImEt] ungefähr<br />

assign [E(saIn]<br />

übertragen, zuweisen<br />

briefly [(bri:fli]<br />

kurz<br />

embarrassment [Im(bÄrEsmEnt] Pe<strong>in</strong>lichkeit, Verlegenheit<br />

facilitator [fE(sIlEteItE]<br />

Moderator(<strong>in</strong>), Leiter(<strong>in</strong>)<br />

<strong>in</strong>appropriate [)InE(prEUpriEt] unangemessen<br />

sett<strong>in</strong>g [(setIŋ]<br />

Umfeld<br />

slash [slÄS]<br />

Schrägstrich<br />

thoroughly [(TVrEli]<br />

gründlich, sorgfältig<br />

unless [En(les]<br />

außer, es sei denn<br />

valid [(vÄlId] gültig (➝ p. 61)<br />

venue [(venju:]<br />

Tagungs-, Veranstaltungsort<br />

vocalize [(vEUkElaIz]<br />

aussprechen<br />

5|14 <strong>Spotlight</strong><br />


LANGUAGE | Spoken English<br />

60<br />

By the way...<br />

ADRIAN DOFF looks at ways to change the<br />

topic <strong>in</strong> a conversation.<br />

Read these two conversations:<br />

Lisa: I spoke to Peter earlier. He’s go<strong>in</strong>g to come round<br />

at about 7.30 with the tickets.<br />

Tim: Oh, good! We can have supper together. Did you<br />

go to the post office?<br />

Lisa: I spoke to Peter earlier. He’s go<strong>in</strong>g to come round<br />

at about 7.30 with the tickets.<br />

Tim: Oh, good! We can have supper together. Oh, by<br />

the way, did you go to the post office?<br />

The first conversation sounds a little strange. Lisa and Tim<br />

are talk<strong>in</strong>g about hav<strong>in</strong>g supper with Peter, so why does<br />

Tim suddenly ask about the post office?<br />

The second conversation makes more sense. This time,<br />

Tim makes it clear that he’s chang<strong>in</strong>g the subject. He has<br />

suddenly thought about the post office.<br />

We often switch from one topic to another <strong>in</strong> a conversation.<br />

Let us look at some common ways to do this <strong>in</strong><br />

English.<br />

Next topic, please<br />

The word anyway helps to show that you want to f<strong>in</strong>ish<br />

one topic and move on to a new one:<br />

How was the traffic?<br />

Awful. There were roadworks on the motorway. Anyway,<br />

how are th<strong>in</strong>gs with you?<br />

(= We’ve talked enough about the traffic. Let’s move on to<br />

the next topic.)<br />

To switch to a different subject, you can use by the way,<br />

as <strong>in</strong> the example above, or you can say <strong>in</strong>cidentally (= I’m<br />

just chang<strong>in</strong>g the subject for a moment.):<br />

How was Alex’s birthday party?<br />

Oh, it was great. Incidentally, he liked your present.<br />

To change to a completely different topic, you could say<br />

To change the subject... or Chang<strong>in</strong>g the subject...:<br />

How’s your mother?<br />

She’s still <strong>in</strong> hospital, but she’s feel<strong>in</strong>g much better,<br />

thanks. Anyway, to change the subject — how’s Ann<br />

do<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> her exams?<br />

A similar topic<br />

Often, one topic of conversation leads naturally to a similar<br />

one. Here are some ways to signal this:<br />

That rem<strong>in</strong>ds me<br />

(Two people are talk<strong>in</strong>g about films they’ve seen.)<br />

That rem<strong>in</strong>ds me. Do you want to come to the c<strong>in</strong>ema<br />

on Friday?<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14<br />

Talk<strong>in</strong>g of...<br />

(Two people are talk<strong>in</strong>g about ski<strong>in</strong>g holidays.)<br />

Oh, talk<strong>in</strong>g of ski<strong>in</strong>g, did you read about the snowstorm<br />

<strong>in</strong> Austria last week?<br />

You might also hear Talk<strong>in</strong>g of which.... In this case, you<br />

would not repeat “ski<strong>in</strong>g”.<br />

That’s a bit like...<br />

Our flight was delayed. We were at the airport for hours.<br />

That’s a bit like when we flew to Thailand last year. Our<br />

flight was cancelled and we had to stay <strong>in</strong> a hotel.<br />

(= We had a similar experience.)<br />

Notice that ways to move to a similar topic often beg<strong>in</strong><br />

with “That ...”: That’s like..., That’s the same as..., That<br />

rem<strong>in</strong>ds me of....<br />

Keep<strong>in</strong>g to the same topic<br />

Look at this conversation:<br />

Lisa: I had a rather strange e-mail from Sophie yesterday<br />

even<strong>in</strong>g…<br />

Carla: Oh, yes, your daughter. How’s she gett<strong>in</strong>g on at<br />

university, by the way?<br />

Lisa: Oh, she’s do<strong>in</strong>g f<strong>in</strong>e, work<strong>in</strong>g hard. Anyway, as I<br />

was say<strong>in</strong>g, she sent me this e-mail...<br />

Here, Carla tries to change the subject, but Lisa wants to<br />

cont<strong>in</strong>ue talk<strong>in</strong>g about the e-mail. So she uses As I was<br />

say<strong>in</strong>g... to stay with the earlier topic.<br />

Other expressions similar to this are To go back to what<br />

we were talk<strong>in</strong>g about... or As I was say<strong>in</strong>g earlier....<br />

Underl<strong>in</strong>e the correct option from the words<br />

<strong>in</strong> bold.<br />

a) I love Italian food. — Me, too. Oh, talk / talk<strong>in</strong>g of<br />

food, shall we have someth<strong>in</strong>g to eat?<br />

b) We must be at the c<strong>in</strong>ema at 8 o’clock this even<strong>in</strong>g.<br />

Oh, <strong>in</strong>cidental / <strong>in</strong>cidentally, did you get some<br />

money from the bank?<br />

c) Anyway, as / how I was say<strong>in</strong>g, I’m go<strong>in</strong>g to look<br />

for a new job.<br />

d) It sounds as if you had a good time <strong>in</strong> Spa<strong>in</strong>.<br />

Thanks for the postcard, on the way / by the way.<br />

e) Scotland was beautiful, but it ra<strong>in</strong>ed all the time.<br />

— That’s a bit like / as when I went to Wales last<br />

year. It ra<strong>in</strong>ed non-stop for 10 days.<br />

Answers: a) talk<strong>in</strong>g; b) <strong>in</strong>cidentally; c) as; d) by the way; e) like<br />


Foto: iStockphoto

Word Builder | LANGUAGE<br />

Build your vocabulary<br />

JOANNA WESTCOMBE presents useful words and phrases from this issue of <strong>Spotlight</strong> and their<br />

collocations. The words may also have other mean<strong>in</strong>gs that are not listed here.<br />

patch [pÄtS] noun p. 47<br />

unlike [)Vn(laIk] preposition p. 67<br />

a small area that is different from the area around it<br />

Fleck<br />

different from, <strong>in</strong> contrast to<br />

anders als, im Gegensatz zu<br />

The cat was ly<strong>in</strong>g asleep on her favourite<br />

chair <strong>in</strong> a patch of sunlight.<br />

Unlike most of her friends, Paula had never<br />

tried smok<strong>in</strong>g.<br />

See the extra notes below on how to use patch.<br />

Don’t confuse unlike with unlikely = unwahrsche<strong>in</strong>lich.<br />

drop [drQp] verb p. 9<br />

rub [rVb] verb p. 6<br />

stop do<strong>in</strong>g sth. suddenly <strong>in</strong> order to do someth<strong>in</strong>g else<br />

alles stehen- und liegenlassen<br />

press and move your hand over someth<strong>in</strong>g repeatedly<br />

reiben<br />

OK everyone. Drop what you’re do<strong>in</strong>g and come<br />

with me. Someone needs our help.<br />

Can you rub my shoulders for a while?<br />

I feel as if I’m gett<strong>in</strong>g a headache.<br />

Drop can just mean “not cont<strong>in</strong>ue with”: “The newspaper<br />

dropped the story.”<br />

Ways of rubb<strong>in</strong>g:<br />

carefully, gently, hard, lightly...<br />

crucial [(kru:S&l] adjective p. 22<br />

valid [(vÄlId] adjective p. 59<br />

extremely important<br />

acceptable, accepted<br />

entscheidend<br />

gültig<br />

Farmers have a crucial role to play <strong>in</strong><br />

protect<strong>in</strong>g the natural environment.<br />

There are some very valid reasons why we<br />

should reject the offer.<br />

Other synonyms: critical, essential, paramount, vital<br />

The opposite is <strong>in</strong>valid [In(vÄlId].<br />

Foto: iStock<br />

How to use the word patch<br />

The cat <strong>in</strong> the example above (who may well have a<br />

white patch on her leg) has found a pleasant place to<br />

sleep: <strong>in</strong> a patch of sunlight. She th<strong>in</strong>ks this place belongs<br />

to her, it’s her patch. Patches, though, can also<br />

be areas to avoid, such as icy patches or patches of<br />

fog when you’re driv<strong>in</strong>g; or they’re th<strong>in</strong>gs you’d rather<br />

not have, such as damp patches on your walls or ceil<strong>in</strong>g,<br />

or bald patches on your head.<br />

In British English, a patch can also be a time <strong>in</strong> your life<br />

— a difficult, sticky or tricky patch. You might say<br />

an experience, a book or film was good <strong>in</strong> patches<br />

(stellenweise), too.<br />

The adjective is patchy. It is used to talk about<br />

th<strong>in</strong>gs that are <strong>in</strong>complete, such as<br />

knowledge, memories and performances;<br />

and patchy ra<strong>in</strong> falls<br />

only <strong>in</strong> certa<strong>in</strong> small areas.<br />

Complete the follow<strong>in</strong>g sentences with words<br />

from this page <strong>in</strong> their correct form.<br />

a) The dog’s been <strong>in</strong> here aga<strong>in</strong>. There’s a warm<br />

__________ on the sofa.<br />

b) He __________ his hands together to keep warm.<br />

c) W<strong>in</strong>n<strong>in</strong>g this game is not just important — it’s<br />

absolutely __________.<br />

d) The computer says that the code isn’t __________.<br />

Try aga<strong>in</strong>.<br />

e) I cycle to work, __________ most people here,<br />

who drive.<br />

f) Mum! You can’t expect me to __________ everyth<strong>in</strong>g<br />

just like that.<br />

g) Please drive carefully. The weather report said<br />

there’ll be __________ of fog on the road.<br />

OVER TO YOU!<br />

Answers: a) patch; b) rubs / rubbed /<br />

‘s rubb<strong>in</strong>g; c) crucial; d) valid; e) unlike;<br />

f) drop; g) patches<br />

5|14 <strong>Spotlight</strong><br />


LANGUAGE | Perfectionists Only!<br />

WILL O’RYAN expla<strong>in</strong>s developments <strong>in</strong> the English language and<br />

exam<strong>in</strong>es some of the f<strong>in</strong>er po<strong>in</strong>ts of grammar.<br />

The new<br />

“because”<br />

Until recently, the English language<br />

knew the subord<strong>in</strong>at<strong>in</strong>g conjunction<br />

“because” and the composite preposition<br />

“because of”, and that was the<br />

end of the story. However, blogg<strong>in</strong>g,<br />

text-messag<strong>in</strong>g and the <strong>in</strong>ternet have<br />

given us a new preposition: “because”.<br />

In fact, it can be followed not only by<br />

nouns and gerunds, but also adjectives;<br />

for example: “I didn’t go to<br />

work today because lazy.” It’s a type of<br />

shorthand (Steno) and can be def<strong>in</strong>ed<br />

as: “it has to do with the follow<strong>in</strong>g”.<br />

This “because” has a flavour of universality,<br />

while also sound<strong>in</strong>g somehow<br />

ironic. It’s not just an explanation,<br />

but also a comment — as if<br />

you were roll<strong>in</strong>g your eyes while mak<strong>in</strong>g<br />

a statement. It’s abrupt and modern<br />

and is probably here to stay:<br />

because evolution — because hip.<br />

Back to the roots<br />

The modern English word “meat”<br />

comes from Old English mete, which<br />

goes back to a Proto-Germanic root<br />

mati, mean<strong>in</strong>g “food”. This orig<strong>in</strong>al<br />

mean<strong>in</strong>g has been reta<strong>in</strong>ed (beibehalten)<br />

<strong>in</strong> Swedish and Norwegian mat<br />

and Danish mad. Around 1300, the<br />

mean<strong>in</strong>g was narrowed to “flesh used<br />

as food”. We see a similar semantic<br />

narrow<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> the German word<br />

Mett(wurst) (from Middle Low German).<br />

The older, broader sense of<br />

“meat” was evident <strong>in</strong> the word<br />

“noonmeat” (for a midday meal),<br />

which died out <strong>in</strong> the 1700s. It is<br />

though, still present <strong>in</strong> a variant of<br />

“noonmeat” that lives on <strong>in</strong> many<br />

British English dialects: “nummit”, a<br />

small mid-morn<strong>in</strong>g or<br />

mid-afternoon meal<br />

that is taken <strong>in</strong> the<br />

fields by farmworkers.<br />

Right dislocation<br />

Say the follow<strong>in</strong>g, us<strong>in</strong>g right dislocation:<br />

Grammar<br />

Last month, we looked at the phenomenon of left dislocation <strong>in</strong> spoken<br />

English, where a fronted element outside the clause structure corresponds<br />

to a pronoun with<strong>in</strong> it, as <strong>in</strong> (a):<br />

a) That woman over there, I know her from somewhere.<br />

A structurally similar phenomenon exists <strong>in</strong> the opposite direction, known<br />

as right dislocation:<br />

b) I know her from somewhere, that woman over there.<br />

Spoken German also knows right (and left) dislocation, of course:<br />

Ich kenne sie von irgendwoher, die Frau dort drüben.<br />

Die Frau dort drüben, ich kenne sie von irgendwoher.<br />

The right-dislocated element is often referred to as a “tail”. More traditional<br />

terms are “noun-phrase tag” and “amplificatory tag”. Most typically, tails<br />

are complete noun phrases that refer back to the subject, an object or<br />

complement. But they can also be prepositional phrases or non-tensed<br />

clauses, as <strong>in</strong> (c):<br />

c) I’ve been there twice before, to Cornwall.<br />

I f<strong>in</strong>d that quite sad, so many people be<strong>in</strong>g afraid of los<strong>in</strong>g their jobs.<br />

Noun-phrase tails can be rather complex as well, as we see <strong>in</strong> (d):<br />

d) It really shocked me, the level of ignorance they displayed.<br />

I really admired her as a child, the woman who wrote that<br />

wonderful book.<br />

Right dislocation is also possible <strong>in</strong> questions and <strong>in</strong> tag questions, where<br />

they can either precede or follow the question tag:<br />

e) Do they both work <strong>in</strong> London, your friends’ daughters?<br />

He plays the piano really well, my son, doesn’t he?<br />

It’s not very easy to understand, is it, Canadian French?<br />

When the tail refers to the subject of clauses <strong>in</strong> the way “X is Y”, it can consist<br />

simply of a demonstrative pronoun, particularly <strong>in</strong> British English. In<br />

even more <strong>in</strong>formal speech, “is” could be added to the tail as well:<br />

f) It’s a very expensive w<strong>in</strong>e, that.<br />

g) She’s a very pretty lady, Mary is.<br />

More generally, other auxiliaries (Hilfsverb) are possible <strong>in</strong> <strong>in</strong>formal speech,<br />

and they agree (affirmative or negative) with the verb <strong>in</strong> the clause:<br />

h) He likes a few beers after work, Frank does.<br />

She’s never had more than a week’s holiday, Susan hasn’t.<br />

1. Your father is a difficult man to work for.<br />

2. Always forgett<strong>in</strong>g people’s names really frustrates her.<br />

Foto: iStock<br />

62 <strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14<br />

Answers: 1. He’s a difficult man to work for, your father (is). 2. It/That really frustrates her, always forgett<strong>in</strong>g people’s names.

Crossword | LANGUAGE<br />

The new meat<br />

The words <strong>in</strong> this puzzle are taken from our article about grow<strong>in</strong>g meat <strong>in</strong><br />

laboratories. You may f<strong>in</strong>d it helpful to refer to the text on pages 22–23.<br />

1 2 3 4<br />

5 6 7<br />

8 9 10<br />

11<br />

12<br />

13 14<br />

15 16<br />

17 18<br />

19 20 21<br />

22 23<br />

Mike Pilewski<br />

Solution to puzzle 4/14:<br />


O P E N E D N E A R B Y<br />

F E E<br />

V P O P U L A R<br />

N A M E R E R<br />

O R O O M S M I S<br />

T C K O E<br />

I N G R E D I E N T S<br />

A A S L A I<br />

N T O S A L A D T<br />

Y O U S E G G S<br />

R A I N S E<br />

A E O T W O<br />

W I L D W H E N R<br />

Across<br />

1. Imag<strong>in</strong>ed what the future might be like.<br />

5. Referr<strong>in</strong>g to the way that th<strong>in</strong>gs have usually been done.<br />

8. At or before: “The world population is expected to<br />

reach 9.6 billion ______ 2050.”<br />

9. To perform an action.<br />

11. Generally: “This product is ______ available.”<br />

12. Whether.<br />

13. Animals raised and kept <strong>in</strong> order to be sold or eaten.<br />

15. A neutral colour; the colour of the cultured meat before<br />

it is turned red (UK spell<strong>in</strong>g).<br />

17. To po<strong>in</strong>t someth<strong>in</strong>g ______ is to tell someone about it.<br />

19. A person who knows a lot about food and cook<strong>in</strong>g and<br />

enjoys eat<strong>in</strong>g.<br />

21. “______ to” means “must”: “It ______ to look real.”<br />

22. “At the ______” means “now”.<br />

23. Before any others.<br />

Competition!<br />

How to take part<br />

Form a s<strong>in</strong>gle word from the letters <strong>in</strong> the<br />

coloured squares.<br />

Send it on a postcard to:<br />

Redaktion <strong>Spotlight</strong>, “May Prize Puzzle”,<br />

Postfach 1565, 82144 Planegg, Deutsch land.<br />

Ten w<strong>in</strong>ners will be chosen from the entries we receive by<br />

19 May 2014. By courtesy of Reclam, each w<strong>in</strong>ner will be<br />

sent a copy of English Expressions.<br />

The answer to our March puzzle was confront.<br />

Down<br />

1. To use one’s eyes.<br />

2. Without a doubt; def<strong>in</strong>itely.<br />

3. Was a leader of: “Professor Mark Post ______ the team of<br />

scientists produc<strong>in</strong>g the burger.”<br />

4. To be on one’s feet <strong>in</strong>stead of sitt<strong>in</strong>g down.<br />

6. Changed the way someone thought about someth<strong>in</strong>g.<br />

7. Just: “______ 20 to 40 scientists worldwide are currently<br />

active <strong>in</strong> cultured-meat research.”<br />

8. Cont<strong>in</strong>uous passive form of “to be”: “In-vitro meat is<br />

______ developed as a healthy food for the future.”<br />

10. An <strong>in</strong>dividual.<br />

14. Double 10 down.<br />

16. An <strong>in</strong>crease <strong>in</strong> height or cost.<br />

18. Referr<strong>in</strong>g to someone or someth<strong>in</strong>g that is present or<br />

nearby: “______ hamburger is made of <strong>in</strong>-vitro meat.”<br />

20. To apply someth<strong>in</strong>g with the aim of achiev<strong>in</strong>g a purpose.<br />

Congratulations to:<br />

Lore Farken (Schwer<strong>in</strong>)<br />

Ines Heiduk (Haßfurt)<br />

Anette Schneider (Flörsheim)<br />

Elli Kloss (Brandenburg)<br />

Ines Lelis (Dresden)<br />

Ingeborg Henke (Munich)<br />

Margret Müller (Jena)<br />

Bernd Gössel (Bad Doberan)<br />

Susanne Müncheberg (Berl<strong>in</strong>)<br />

Ursula Hühnle<strong>in</strong> (Feldkirchen)<br />

5|14 <strong>Spotlight</strong><br />


Übung macht<br />

den Meister!<br />

Das Übungsheft zu Ihrem Sprachmagaz<strong>in</strong>:<br />

Die Extra-Dosis Sprachtra<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g – flexibel & e≤zient!<br />

Ihr<br />

Magaz<strong>in</strong>-<br />

Upgrade<br />

Bestellen Sie jetzt!<br />

+49 (0)89/8 56 81-16<br />



Klassenfahrten nach London<br />

mit oder ohne Sprachkurs,<br />

ausgesuchte Gastfamilien, <strong>in</strong>div. Programm,<br />

Term<strong>in</strong>e nach Absprache<br />

london@reichardt.eu, T. +49 (0) 6181 424670<br />

www.reichardt.eu<br />

Englisch <strong>in</strong><br />

London<br />

E<strong>in</strong>zelunterricht für Schule,<br />

Freizeit, Beruf<br />

Halbpension <strong>in</strong> Gastf amilien<br />

Exkursionen mit dem Lehrer<br />

Auch als<br />

Bildungsurlaub buchbar<br />

Tel: +49 (0) 6181 42 48 30 • www.reichardt.eu<br />

Email: brigitte.sherlock@reichardt.eu<br />

Quality English Courses<br />

<strong>in</strong> your teacher’s home<br />

Short <strong>in</strong>tensive 1-to-1 immersion<br />

courses across UK and Ireland<br />



One-to-one Englishcourses<br />

designed foryou/yourbus<strong>in</strong>ess Liv<strong>in</strong>g<br />

<strong>in</strong> your teacher’shome.<br />

www.live-n-learn<strong>english</strong>.com<br />

Agent<strong>in</strong>Germany:0049 7616 1290601<br />

Sprachreisen<br />

weltweit<br />

England, Irland, Malta, USA, Kanada<br />

F+U Academy of Languages<br />

Hauptstraße 1, 69117 Heidelberg<br />

Tel. 06221 8994-2945, sprachen@fuu.de<br />

www.fuu-heidelberg-languages.com<br />

One-to-one onl<strong>in</strong>e Bus<strong>in</strong>ess<br />

English classes<br />

www.Bus<strong>in</strong>essEnglish.com<br />

AlfaSprachReisen<br />

Die schönsten Ziele und die besten<br />

Programme für Ferien, Freizeit und<br />

Beruf. Informationen und Beratung:<br />

www.alfa-sprachreisen.de<br />

Telefon 0711-61 55 300<br />

LIVING<br />



•Total immersion 1:1 English<br />

courses <strong>in</strong> your teacher's home<br />

•Study <strong>in</strong> the city, the<br />

countryside or by the sea<br />

•Quality General or<br />

Bus<strong>in</strong>ess English courses<br />

<strong>in</strong>fo@liv<strong>in</strong>g<strong>english</strong>.com<br />

www.liv<strong>in</strong>g<strong>english</strong>.com<br />

Lernen Sie Englisch<br />

<strong>in</strong> Cornwall<br />

www.learn<strong>english</strong><strong>in</strong>cornwall.co.uk<br />

Julie Tambl<strong>in</strong> MA - 0044 (0) 1208 871 184<br />

DIALOG<br />

Sprachreisen & Sprachkurse weltweit<br />


T. 0761 286470 • www.dialog.de<br />

Rubrikanzeigen / Classified ads<br />

T: +44 (0) 20 7739 4411<br />

E: learn@<strong>in</strong>tuitionlang.com<br />

www.<strong>in</strong>tuitionlang.com<br />


AUSLANDSPRAKTIKA www.gls-sprachenzentrum.de<br />

Next advertis<strong>in</strong>g<br />

deadl<strong>in</strong>e:<br />

21 May<br />

for the 07/14<br />

issue<br />


Auslands-Praktikum für Schüler<br />

ab 16 <strong>in</strong> GB, Irl, F, E<br />

Individuelle E<strong>in</strong>zelvermittlung<br />

das ganze Jahr über<br />

www.horizon<strong>in</strong>ternational.de<br />


www.europasekretaer<strong>in</strong>.de<br />

staatl. anerkannt, kle<strong>in</strong>e Klassen, mit Uni.-Abschluss, BBS, ☎ (07221) 22661<br />

<br />

<br />

TheMenvorschau<br />

ausgabe 07/14:<br />

• Großes Grammatikspiel – Präpositionen<br />

• Karibik<strong>in</strong>sel St. Lucia<br />

• Britisches Bier<br />

Themenvorschau<br />

anzeigenschluss: 21.05.14, Erstverkaufstag: 25.06.14<br />

Änderungen vorbehalten.<br />

Berufsfachschule für Fremdsprachen:<br />

Europasekretär/<strong>in</strong>, Übersetzer/<strong>in</strong>, Fremdsprachenkorrespondent/<strong>in</strong>,<br />

Welthandelskorrespondent/<strong>in</strong>, EDV- und Sprachkurse, Prüfungszentrum<br />

F+U Academy of Languages, Heidelberg<br />

Tel. 06221 8994-2945<br />

www.fuu-heidelberg-languages.com<br />

Mehr Sprache<br />

können Sie<br />

nirgendwo shoppen.<br />


Klicken und Produktvielfalt<br />


THE LIGHTER SIDE | Wit and Wisdom<br />

“<br />

In hotel rooms, I worry.<br />

I can’t be the only guy<br />

who sits on<br />

the furniture naked.<br />

”<br />

Jonathan Katz<br />

(born 1946), American comedian<br />

© Bulls<br />


Family fun<br />

• I remember the time I was kidnapped. They sent back a<br />

piece of my f<strong>in</strong>ger to my father, but he said he wanted<br />

more proof.<br />

• My parents asked me to hand out <strong>in</strong>vitations for my<br />

brother’s surprise birthday party. That’s when I realized<br />

he was the favourite tw<strong>in</strong>.<br />

• When I was ten, my father told me never to talk to<br />

strangers. We haven’t spoken s<strong>in</strong>ce.<br />

Goat <strong>in</strong> the hole<br />

Two men are out walk<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> the countryside when they f<strong>in</strong>d<br />

a big hole <strong>in</strong> the ground. “I wonder how deep that is,” says<br />

one. He drops a rock <strong>in</strong>to the darkness, but hears noth<strong>in</strong>g.<br />

“Let’s get that old barrel we just passed,” says the other.<br />

“That’ll make a noise.” So the men roll the barrel up to the<br />

hole and drop it <strong>in</strong>. Suddenly, a goat comes rac<strong>in</strong>g out of the<br />

bushes straight at them. The men jump out of the way and<br />

see the goat fall <strong>in</strong>to the hole. A few moments later, they hear<br />

a voice call<strong>in</strong>g, “Shelley!… Shelley!… Shelley!” A farmer appears<br />

and asks, “Have you seen a little white goat?” “It just<br />

jumped <strong>in</strong>to that hole,” the men tell him. “That’s impossible,”<br />

says the farmer. “Shelley’s a very <strong>in</strong>telligent goat, and anyway,<br />

she was tied to an old barrel.”<br />

Back <strong>in</strong> town<br />

A little old lady sits next to an old man on a bench <strong>in</strong> Miami.<br />

The woman asks, “Are you new here?” The man replies, “Well,<br />

I used to live here years ago.” “So where have you been?” asks<br />

the woman. “I was <strong>in</strong> prison,” says the man, “for murder<strong>in</strong>g<br />

my wife.” “Really?” says the old lady. “So you’re s<strong>in</strong>gle…”<br />

K<strong>in</strong>d words<br />

A husband is talk<strong>in</strong>g to his wife. “I made a huge mistake at<br />

work today,” he says. “I’m lucky still to have a job. Sometimes,<br />

I th<strong>in</strong>k I’m a complete idiot.” His wife replies, “Don’t worry,<br />

darl<strong>in</strong>g. Lots of people feel like that. In fact, most of the people<br />

we know th<strong>in</strong>k that you’re a complete idiot.”<br />

barrel [(bÄrEl]<br />

change [tSeIndZ]<br />

goat [gEUt]<br />

Fass<br />

hier: W<strong>in</strong>del wechseln<br />

Ziege<br />

movement [(mu:vmEnt]<br />

tw<strong>in</strong> [twIn]<br />

Satz (e<strong>in</strong>es Musikstückes);<br />

aber auch: Stuhlgang<br />

Zwill<strong>in</strong>g<br />


© Bulls<br />

66 <strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14

“<br />

You can’t<br />

please all of the<br />

people all of<br />

the time<br />

”<br />

American Life | GINGER KUENZEL<br />

A newcomer<br />

to small-town politics<br />

Auch <strong>in</strong> e<strong>in</strong>er Kle<strong>in</strong>stadt ist Politik kompliziert. Als Stadtratsmitglied muss<br />

man wissen, dass man es nie allen recht machen kann.<br />

Foto: iStock<br />

I’m now several months <strong>in</strong>to my<br />

new role as a member of the town<br />

board, and I’ve learned a lot.<br />

In January, right after I stepped<br />

<strong>in</strong>to the position, the town sent me<br />

to our state capital of Albany for a<br />

two-and-a-half-day conference called<br />

“Tra<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g for new town officials.” My<br />

plan was to do a lot of network<strong>in</strong>g and<br />

profit from the knowledge of others<br />

attend<strong>in</strong>g the conference. They were<br />

sure to have some of the same issues as<br />

we do as a small town, I thought: how<br />

to provide emergency services, upgrade<br />

<strong>in</strong>frastructures, deal with so<br />

many new state rules <strong>in</strong> times of reduced<br />

budgets — and much more.<br />

Silly me! The conference, as its<br />

name clearly stated, was for new town<br />

officials. None of us had any experience<br />

to share. What’s more, we were<br />

given so much <strong>in</strong>formation about<br />

how to do our new jobs that we all<br />

felt overwhelmed. Conversations dur<strong>in</strong>g<br />

the breaks were less about “How<br />

are you handl<strong>in</strong>g emergency services?”<br />

and more about “What have I<br />

gotten myself <strong>in</strong>to?”<br />

You are probably ask<strong>in</strong>g, “How<br />

difficult can it be to play the role of a<br />

local official?” My answer: “Very!”<br />

Dur<strong>in</strong>g the conference, we heard<br />

lawyers and accountants talk<strong>in</strong>g<br />

about topics from f<strong>in</strong>ances, plann<strong>in</strong>g,<br />

and sewer law, to ethics, tax collection,<br />

budget<strong>in</strong>g, cash management,<br />

and more. Now, four months <strong>in</strong>to my<br />

time <strong>in</strong> office, I feel as if I am just<br />

start<strong>in</strong>g to understand what the job is<br />

all about.<br />

As a board, we’ve dealt with some<br />

m<strong>in</strong>or issues, such as whether to hold<br />

the Fourth of July fireworks <strong>in</strong> July or<br />

August. Yes, really. We’ve faced some<br />

challenges, too, such as implement<strong>in</strong>g<br />

a state law that requires us to close<br />

our town boat launch when no attendant<br />

is on duty. Local fishermen, who<br />

for generations have been used to tak<strong>in</strong>g<br />

their boats out at any hour, are<br />

not happy. As they say, you can please<br />

some of the people all of the time and<br />

all of the people some of the time,<br />

but you can’t please all of the people<br />

all of the time.<br />

I’ve learned how to check the<br />

clerk’s books, <strong>in</strong> which she records<br />

not only tax collections, but also all<br />

the licenses sold. I know now, for example,<br />

who hasn’t paid his or her<br />

taxes, who has bought a hunt<strong>in</strong>g license,<br />

and the name of every licensed<br />

dog <strong>in</strong> town. I’m not jok<strong>in</strong>g. I’ve<br />

also attended a few court sessions,<br />

presided over by our very colorful<br />

town judge. But those are stories for<br />

another day.<br />

Perhaps one of the most difficult<br />

learn<strong>in</strong>g experiences has been how to<br />

work with my fellow board members.<br />

I’m pick<strong>in</strong>g my battles carefully, and<br />

like any good politician, I’m mak<strong>in</strong>g<br />

compromises. I hope this will lead to<br />

my gett<strong>in</strong>g the other members’ support<br />

on issues that are important to<br />

me, like economic development and<br />

environmental protection.<br />

I know that chang<strong>in</strong>g some th<strong>in</strong>gs<br />

will take time. In addition, I’m still<br />

viewed with some skepticism. After all,<br />

I’m a Democrat <strong>in</strong> a Republican town,<br />

and I haven’t lived here my entire life.<br />

But I’ll be do<strong>in</strong>g this for four years, so<br />

I can afford to be patient. For now, I’ll<br />

listen and learn. And unlike so many<br />

politicians at the national and state<br />

levels, I’m try<strong>in</strong>g to keep my name out<br />

of the headl<strong>in</strong>es — except, of course,<br />

those <strong>in</strong> <strong>Spotlight</strong>.<br />

accountant [E(kaUnt&nt]<br />

Steuerberater(<strong>in</strong>), Rechnungsführer(<strong>in</strong>)<br />

attendant [E(tendEnt]<br />

Bedienstete(r), Wärter(<strong>in</strong>)<br />

boat launch [(boUt lO:ntS]<br />

Bootsrampe<br />

clerk’s books [(kl§:ks bUks]<br />

Geschäftsbücher<br />

court session [(kO:rt )seS&n]<br />

Gerichtsverhandlung<br />

entire [In(taI&r]<br />

vollständig, ganz, gesamt<br />

get oneself <strong>in</strong>to sth. [get wVn)self (IntE] sich auf etw. e<strong>in</strong>lassen<br />

implement [(ImplIment]<br />

umsetzen<br />

official [E(fIS&l]<br />

Beamte(r)<br />

overwhelmed [)oUv&r(hwelmd]<br />

überfordert<br />

pick one’s battles [)pIk wVnz (bÄt&lz] strategisch handeln<br />

preside over [pri(zaId )oUv&r]<br />

den Vorsitz haben<br />

sewer law [(su:&r lɑ:]<br />

Abwasserrecht<br />

Silly me! [)sIli (mi:]<br />

Wie dumm von mir!<br />

town board [)taUn (bO:rd] N. Am.<br />

etwa: Stadtrat<br />

unlike [)Vn(laIk] anders als, im Gegensatz zu (➝ p. 61)<br />

G<strong>in</strong>ger Kuenzel is a freelance writer who lived <strong>in</strong> Munich for 20 years. She now calls a small town <strong>in</strong> upstate New York home.<br />

5|14 <strong>Spotlight</strong><br />


FEEDBACK | Readers’ Views<br />

Write to:<br />


Redaktion <strong>Spotlight</strong><br />

Fraunhoferstraße 22<br />

82152 Planegg<br />

Deutschland<br />

or send an e-mail to:<br />

spotlight@spotlight-verlag.de<br />

Please <strong>in</strong>clude your postal<br />

address and phone number.<br />

We may edit letters for<br />

clarity or length.<br />

Picture It!<br />

I really enjoy the Picture It pages — the onl<strong>in</strong>e version of<br />

the Vocabulary section.<br />

Anja Löffler, by e-mail<br />

Thank you. Premium users, <strong>in</strong>clud<strong>in</strong>g all subscribers, can f<strong>in</strong>d<br />

an archive at www.spotlight-onl<strong>in</strong>e.de/teachers/picture-it which<br />

now <strong>in</strong>cludes translations of all the new vocabulary.<br />

The Editor<br />

Erfrischend und lehrreich<br />

Ich b<strong>in</strong> immer sehr begeistert, wenn ich die neue Ausgabe<br />

von <strong>Spotlight</strong> erhalte. So viele <strong>in</strong>teressante Berichte und<br />

tolle Grammatiktipps! E<strong>in</strong>fach super! Was mich <strong>in</strong> jüngster<br />

Zeit begeistert hat, ist das Booklet 15 Fun Word Games<br />

[das <strong>Spotlight</strong> 9/2013 beigelegt wurde]: sehr erfrischend<br />

und auch lehrreich. Weiter so! Ich f<strong>in</strong>de das ganze Konzept<br />

von <strong>Spotlight</strong> super. Vielen Dank für die tolle Arbeit, die<br />

Ihr gesamtes Team leistet.<br />

Petra Häseler, Witten<br />

Spark<strong>in</strong>g the imag<strong>in</strong>ation<br />

I’ve been a subscriber to your magaz<strong>in</strong>e and audio CDs<br />

for years now, and I enjoy read<strong>in</strong>g and listen<strong>in</strong>g to them<br />

every month. I also use them a lot <strong>in</strong> my lessons. Some of<br />

the short stories are great for spark<strong>in</strong>g my students’ imag<strong>in</strong>ation.<br />

For example, I’ll stop the CD a bit earlier and let<br />

them th<strong>in</strong>k up their own end<strong>in</strong>g. I’m always happy when<br />

my students learn from this great material. Honestly, I<br />

don’t know what I would do without it.<br />

Bett<strong>in</strong>a Bonkas, Wehrheim<br />

Aktuelle Fernsehserien<br />

Ich fände es sehr <strong>in</strong>teressant, wenn Sie e<strong>in</strong>mal (oder öfter)<br />

etwas ausführlicher über aktuelle amerikanische oder britische<br />

Fernsehserien berichten würden (z.B. Break<strong>in</strong>g Bad,<br />

Mad Men oder The Simpsons). Inwiefern lässt sich aus den<br />

TV-Geschichten „Landeskunde“ lernen? Weiterh<strong>in</strong> würde<br />

ich mich freuen, öfter über aktuelle Themen aus dem<br />

Bereich IT / Internet (z.B. jetzt die Übernahme von Whats -<br />

App durch Facebook) zu lesen.<br />

Anne Strobl, Nuremberg<br />

Thank you very much for these suggestions.<br />

The Editor<br />

Kundenservice<br />

ABO:<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong> Verlag GmbH<br />

Kundenbetreuung, Postfach 1565, 82144 Planegg<br />

www.spotlight-verlag.de<br />

Montag bis Donnerstag: 9 bis 18 Uhr, Freitag: 9 bis 16 Uhr<br />

Kundenbetreuung<br />

Privatkunden und Buchhandlungen:<br />

Tel. +49 (0)89/8 56 81-16 · Fax +49 (0)89/8 56 81-159<br />

E-Mail: abo@spotlight-verlag.de<br />

Kundenbetreuung<br />

Lehrer, Tra<strong>in</strong>er und Firmen:<br />

Tel. +49 (0)89/8 56 81-150 · Fax +49 (0)89/8 56 81-119<br />

E-Mail: lehrer@spotlight-verlag.de<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong> wird besonders umweltfreundlich auf<br />

chlorfrei gebleichtem Papier gedruckt.<br />

E<strong>in</strong>zelverkaufspreis Deutschland: € 6,90<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong><br />


Deutschland: € 74,40 <strong>in</strong>kl. MwSt. und Versandkosten<br />

Österreich: € 74,40 <strong>in</strong>kl. MwSt. und zzgl. € 10,20 Versandkosten<br />

Schweiz: sfr 111,60 zzgl. sfr 15 Versandkosten<br />

Übriges Ausland: € 74,40 zzgl. Versandkosten<br />

Studentenermäßigung gegen Nachweis.<br />

Die Belieferung kann nach Ablauf des ersten Bezugsjahres<br />

jederzeit beendet werden — mit Geld-zurück-Garantie<br />

für bezahlte, aber noch nicht gelieferte Ausgaben.<br />


Leserbriefe: spotlight@spotlight-verlag.de<br />

Anzeigen: anzeige@spotlight-verlag.de<br />

Sprachenshop: www.SprachenShop.de<br />

Tel. +49 (0)711/72 52-245<br />

Fax +49 (0)711/72 52-366<br />

E-Mail: Bestellung@SprachenShop.de<br />

Bestellung E<strong>in</strong>zelhefte/ältere Ausgaben:<br />

E-Mail: leserservice@spotlight-verlag.de<br />

www.spotlight-onl<strong>in</strong>e.de Gegründet 1981<br />


Dr. Wolfgang Stock<br />



Claud<strong>in</strong>e Weber-Hof<br />

CHEFIN VOM DIENST: Susanne Pfeifer<br />

REDAKTION: Owen Connors (Text, Audio),<br />

Joanna Westcombe (Sprache)<br />


Elisabeth Erpf, Anja Giese, Peter Green, Anthony Healey,<br />

Anna Hochsieder, Sab<strong>in</strong>e Hübner-Pesce,<br />

Re<strong>in</strong>hild Luk, Stephanie Shellabear, Dagmar Taylor,<br />

Michele Tilgner<br />


Michael Pilewski (Onl<strong>in</strong>e-Redakteur)<br />

BILDREDAKTION: Sarah Gough (Leitung),<br />

Thorsten Mansch<br />

GESTALTUNG: Marion Sauer/Johannes Re<strong>in</strong>er,<br />

Büro Vor-Zeichen, München<br />

AUTOREN: Amy Argets<strong>in</strong>ger (US), Col<strong>in</strong> Beaven (UK),<br />

Douglas Bolduc (US), Dr. Karl Brehmer, Vanessa Clark (UK),<br />

Julie Coll<strong>in</strong>s (Australia), Adrian Doff, Julian Earwaker (UK),<br />

Merridy Eastman (Australia), Rosemary F<strong>in</strong>dley (NZ),<br />

Peter Flynn (Australia), Rita Forbes, Franz Marc Frei,<br />

Steenie Harvey (Ireland), Polly Hughes (US), Olive Keogh<br />

(Ireland), G<strong>in</strong>ger Kuenzel (US), Talitha L<strong>in</strong>ehan (US),<br />

Eve Lucas, Christ<strong>in</strong>e Madden, Lorra<strong>in</strong>e Mall<strong>in</strong>der<br />

(Canada), David Peevers (US), Bulelani Phillip<br />

(South Africa), Laurie Schenden (US), Romie S<strong>in</strong>gh,<br />

Toby Sk<strong>in</strong>gsley, Jan Stuermann (US), Ken Taylor (UK),<br />

Lori Tobias (US), Anthony Zurcher (US)<br />


LITHO: Mohn Media Mohndruck GmbH,<br />

33311 Gütersloh<br />

DRUCK: Vogel Druck & Medienservice GmbH,<br />

97204 Höchberg<br />


<strong>Spotlight</strong> Verlag GmbH<br />

Postanschrift: Postfach 1565, 82144 Planegg<br />

Hausanschrift: Fraunhoferstraße 22,<br />

82152 Planegg, Deutschland<br />

Telefon +49 (0)89/8 56 81-0<br />

Telefax +49 (0)89/8 56 81-105<br />

E-Mail Redaktion: spotlight@spot light-ver lag.de<br />


Dr. Wolfgang Stock, Markus Schunk<br />


Monika Wohlgemuth<br />


Holger Hofmann<br />


Birgit Hess<br />


Heidi Kral<br />


Susanne Mürbeth<br />


MZV, Ohmstr. 1, 85716 Unterschleißheim<br />


• Commerzbank AG, Düsseldorf<br />

IBAN DE46 3008 0000 0212 8652 00;<br />


• Credit Suisse AG, Zürich<br />

IBAN CH12 0483 5055 4833 4100 0;<br />


© 2014 <strong>Spotlight</strong> Verlag, auch für alle genannten<br />

Autoren, Fotografen und Mitarbeiter.<br />

Ersche<strong>in</strong>ungsweise: monatlich<br />

ISSN 0944-1972<br />

Im <strong>Spotlight</strong> Verlag ersche<strong>in</strong>en:<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong>, Bus<strong>in</strong>ess <strong>Spotlight</strong>, Écoute,<br />

Ecos, Adesso, Deutsch perfekt<br />


Axel Zettler, Tel. +49 (0)89/8 56 81-130<br />

Fax +49 (0)89/8 56 81-139<br />

E-Mail: anzeige@spotlight-verlag.de<br />


Eva-Maria Markus, Tel. +49 (0)89/8 56 81-131<br />

Fax +49 (0)89/8 56 81-139<br />

E-Mail: e.markus@spotlight-verlag.de<br />

E-Mail: anzeige@spotlight-verlag.de<br />


Mart<strong>in</strong>a Konrad, Tel. +49 (0)89/8 56 81-132<br />

Fax +49 (0)89/8 56 81-139<br />

E-Mail: m.konrad@spotlight-verlag.de<br />

E-Mail: anzeige@spotlight-verlag.de<br />


Patrick Priesmann, iq media market<strong>in</strong>g gmbh<br />

Leiter Market<strong>in</strong>g, Kasernenstraße 67, 40213 Düsseldorf<br />

Tel. +49 (0)211/8 87-2315; Fax +49 (0)211/8 87-97-2315<br />

E-Mail: patrick.priesmann@iqm.de<br />

L<strong>in</strong>a Cicelyte, Product Manager, iq media market<strong>in</strong>g<br />

gmbh, Kasernenstraße 67, 40213 Düsseldorf<br />

Tel. +49 (0)211/8 87-2367; Fax +49 (0)211/8 87-97-2367<br />

E-Mail: l<strong>in</strong>a.cicelyte@iqm.de<br />

Nielsen 1, 2, 5, 6, 7<br />

iq media market<strong>in</strong>g gmbh<br />

Kasernenstraße 67, 40213 Düsseldorf<br />

Tel. +49 (0)211/8 87-2053; Fax +49 (0)211/8 87-97-2099<br />

E-Mail: marion.weskamp@iqm.de<br />

Nielsen 3a<br />

iq media market<strong>in</strong>g gmbh<br />

Eschersheimer Landstraße 50, 60322 Frankfurt<br />

Tel. +49 (0)69/24 24-4510; Fax +49 (0)69/24 24-4555<br />

E-Mail: eva-maria.glaser@iqm.de<br />

Nielsen 3b, 4<br />

iq media market<strong>in</strong>g gmbh<br />

Nymphenburger Straße 14, 80335 München<br />

Tel. +49 (0)89/54 59 07-26; Fax +49 (0)89/54 59 07-24<br />

E-Mail: katja.foell@iqm.de<br />

Sales Lifestyle<br />

iq media market<strong>in</strong>g gmbh<br />

Kasernenstraße 67, 40213 Düsseldorf<br />

Tel. +49 (0)211/8 87-3582; Fax +49 (0)211/8 87-97-3582<br />

E-Mail: christian.gericke@iqm.de<br />

Benelux, Skand<strong>in</strong>avien<br />

iq media market<strong>in</strong>g gmbh<br />

Kasernenstraße 67, 40213 Düsseldorf<br />

Tel. +49 (0)211/8 87-1332; Fax +49 (0)211/8 87-97-1332<br />

E-Mail: neil.frankland@iqm.de<br />

Österreich<br />

Internationale Medienvertretung & Service proxymedia<br />

e.U., Wiesengasse 3, 2801 Katzelsdorf<br />

Tel. +43 (0)2662/367 55; Fax +43 (0)125-330-333-989<br />

E-Mail: michael.schach<strong>in</strong>ger@proxymedia.at<br />

Schweiz<br />

Top Media Sales GmbH<br />

Chamerstrasse 56, 6300 Zug<br />

Tel. +41 (0)41/7 10 57 01; Fax +41 (0)41/7 10 57 03<br />

E-Mail: walter.vonsiebenthal@topmediasales.ch<br />

International Sales<br />

iq media market<strong>in</strong>g gmbh<br />

Gerda Gavric-Hollender<br />

Kasernenstraße 67, 40213 Düsseldorf<br />

Tel. +49 (0)211/8 87-2343; Fax +49 (0)211/8 87-97-2343<br />

E-Mail: gerda.gavric@iqm.de<br />

ANZEIGENPREISLISTE: Es gilt die Anzeigenpreisliste<br />

Nr. 30 ab Ausgabe 1/14.<br />

IVW-Meldung 4. Quartal 2013:<br />

59.466 verbreitete Exemplare <strong>Spotlight</strong><br />

68 <strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14

June 2014 | NEXT MONTH<br />

Features<br />

Experience<br />

the American<br />

South<br />

The South is full of surprises:<br />

jo<strong>in</strong> us to f<strong>in</strong>d<br />

out about space technology<br />

<strong>in</strong> the state of<br />

Alabama, country<br />

music <strong>in</strong> Tennessee,<br />

and the old-timey culture<br />

of Kentucky, with<br />

an overview of other<br />

regional highlights.<br />

The world<br />

<strong>in</strong> English<br />

How many countries<br />

have English as one of<br />

their official languages?<br />

We take you on an <strong>in</strong>formative<br />

trip around the<br />

world to discover all the<br />

places where English is<br />

spoken. Discover the<br />

differences between<br />

various versions of the<br />

language and how to<br />

navigate them.<br />

The bak<strong>in</strong>g genius<br />

of Bonnae Gokson<br />

The cakes created by Bonnae Gokson<br />

are delicious — and a visual feast.<br />

F<strong>in</strong>d out how the <strong>in</strong>ventor of the<br />

Crunch Cake and Marie Anto<strong>in</strong>ette’s<br />

Crave has turned the art of confection<br />

<strong>in</strong>to high art you can eat.<br />

Language<br />

Vocabulary<br />

Is that a German shepherd, a<br />

Dalmation or a Labrador? Learn<br />

to name the different breeds of<br />

man’s best friend: the dog.<br />

Everyday English<br />

We’re <strong>in</strong> the fast lane! We take<br />

you on a car journey along a<br />

British motorway and <strong>in</strong>troduce<br />

you to some typical situations.<br />

Spoken English<br />

In what way may we help you? We’ll<br />

try <strong>in</strong> any way possible! In June,<br />

you’ll f<strong>in</strong>d a page full of expressions<br />

conta<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g the word “way”.<br />

Fotos: Th<strong>in</strong>kstock; PR<br />

<strong>Spotlight</strong> 6/14 is on sale from<br />

28 May<br />

5|14 <strong>Spotlight</strong><br />


SPECIAL | Humour<br />

No laugh<strong>in</strong>g matter<br />

Comedy l<strong>in</strong>e-up:<br />

from <strong>Otto</strong> Waalkes to<br />

John Cleese<br />

Chefredakteur<strong>in</strong> INEZ SHARP über die viel diskutierte Frage, ob es den deutschen Humor<br />

überhaupt gibt und wie er sich vom britischen unterscheidet.<br />

Read<strong>in</strong>g the <strong>in</strong>terview with <strong>Otto</strong> Waalkes (pages 24–<br />

27), I began to th<strong>in</strong>k about the differences between<br />

German and English humour. The cliché that Germans<br />

don’t have a sense of humour has provided generations<br />

of British comedians with a useful, if not very<br />

imag<strong>in</strong>ative, stereotype to poke fun at.<br />

I have a personal <strong>in</strong>terest <strong>in</strong> German and English humour.<br />

As someone with an English father and a German<br />

mother, I have made myself look at the topic from both<br />

sides. Grow<strong>in</strong>g up <strong>in</strong> the UK, I hated the “Don’t mention<br />

the war” scene from the TV series Fawlty Towers. What’s<br />

so funny about John Cleese imitat<strong>in</strong>g Adolf Hitler? Or is<br />

that just me be<strong>in</strong>g a humourless half-German? But when<br />

I moved to Munich and made my German friends laugh,<br />

they always praised my British sense of humour.<br />

In his 2012 book, Keep<strong>in</strong>g Up with the Germans: A History<br />

of Anglo-German Encounters, Philip Oltermann compares<br />

what he calls the “slippery, bendable qualities of<br />

English” with the “suspension-bridge structure” of the<br />

German language. That is true of a lot of jokes, of course.<br />

Try translat<strong>in</strong>g this: “Police arrested two kids yesterday:<br />

one was dr<strong>in</strong>k<strong>in</strong>g battery acid, the other was eat<strong>in</strong>g fireworks.<br />

They charged one — and let the other one off.”<br />

Lots of my German friends are very funny, too, and<br />

tell great jokes. And anyway, it’s not just about the lan-<br />

battery acid [(bÄtri )ÄsId]<br />

bendable [(bendEb&l]<br />

bullshit [(bUlSIt] vulg.<br />

charge [tSA:dZ]<br />

erase [I(reIz]<br />

fits: have sb. <strong>in</strong> ~ [fIts]<br />

giggle [(gIg&l]<br />

let off [let (Qf]<br />

oxymoron [)Qksi(mO:rQn]<br />

po<strong>in</strong>t [pOInt]<br />

poke fun at sth. / sb.<br />

[pEUk (fVn Et]<br />

praise [preIz]<br />

slippery [(slIpEri]<br />

suspension-bridge structure<br />

[sE(spenS&n brIdZ )strVktSE]<br />

70 <strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14<br />

Batteriesäure, Akkusäure<br />

leicht zu verbiegen<br />

Bockmist<br />

aufladen; auch: anklagen<br />

löschen, aufheben<br />

bei jmdm. Lachanfälle provozieren<br />

kichern<br />

abfeuern; auch: jmdn. laufen lassen<br />

Widerspruch <strong>in</strong> sich<br />

hier: Standpunkt, Argument<br />

sich über etw. / jmdn. lustig machen<br />

loben, rühmen<br />

schlüpfrig<br />

Hängebrückenkonstruktion<br />

guage, as British comedian Eddie Izzard has shown. Earlier<br />

this year, Izzard arrived <strong>in</strong> Germany for his “Force Majeure”<br />

tour. He performed <strong>in</strong> more or less fluent German.<br />

What was his po<strong>in</strong>t? “It’s bullshit!” Izzard told The Irish<br />

Times, referr<strong>in</strong>g to the idea that Germans don’t have a<br />

sense of humour. “Comedy is about people, not countries.<br />

All countries have humour, though not all people. The Tory<br />

Party <strong>in</strong> England has no sense of humour, for example.”<br />

Was he funny <strong>in</strong> German, though? The description of<br />

the age<strong>in</strong>g human body look<strong>in</strong>g like a “Wiesel mit Soße bedeckt”<br />

had his Berl<strong>in</strong> audience <strong>in</strong> fits and works just as well<br />

<strong>in</strong> English.<br />

Oltermann says slapstick is an important element of<br />

German comedy and might be one reason why the English<br />

comedy rout<strong>in</strong>e “D<strong>in</strong>ner for One” is so popular <strong>in</strong> Germany.<br />

I saw it when I first came to Germany <strong>in</strong> 1986 and<br />

found it very unfunny. It’s <strong>in</strong>terest<strong>in</strong>g to th<strong>in</strong>k that my<br />

English grandparents may have been giggl<strong>in</strong>g over “D<strong>in</strong>ner<br />

for One” <strong>in</strong> the 1920s. Today, though, almost all Britons<br />

will look confused if you ask them, poker-faced: “Same<br />

procedure as last year?”<br />

Eras<strong>in</strong>g the borders that have kept German humour<br />

out of the English-speak<strong>in</strong>g world will<br />

be a slow process. It helps when<br />

German comedians like Michael<br />

Mittermeier take up the challenge<br />

of perform<strong>in</strong>g live <strong>in</strong> Brita<strong>in</strong>.<br />

Dur<strong>in</strong>g an appearance <strong>in</strong> London<br />

<strong>in</strong> 2012, Mittermeier described<br />

his show as a strange, exotic<br />

beast be<strong>in</strong>g viewed on a safari.<br />

“Don’t scare it,” he<br />

told the audience. “It’s a<br />

very rare species. It’s a<br />

German comedian.”<br />

He added that such a<br />

th<strong>in</strong>g was normally<br />

not possible, that it<br />

was “an oxymoron”.<br />

Well, perhaps not for<br />

much longer.<br />

Comedy shouldn’t<br />

have borders<br />

Fotos: G. Krautbauer; Interfoto; action press; dpa/picture alliance; iStock

Schon gehört?<br />

Der Audio-Tra<strong>in</strong>er mit Hörverständnis-Übungen<br />

<strong>in</strong> Ihrer Liebl<strong>in</strong>gssprache. Als CD oder Download.<br />

4<br />

zum Preis<br />

von 3!*<br />

Bestellen Sie jetzt!<br />

+49 (0)89/8 56 81-16<br />

www.spotlight-verlag.de/audio-angebot<br />

* Kennenlern-Angebot für Neu-Abonnenten: 4 Ausgaben e<strong>in</strong>es Audio-Tra<strong>in</strong>ers Ihrer Wahl zum Preis von 3.<br />

Audio-CD: € 32,40 / SFR 48,60 – Bus<strong>in</strong>ess <strong>Spotlight</strong> € 48,60 / SFR 72,90<br />

Audio-Download: € 27,60 / SFR 41,40 – Bus<strong>in</strong>ess <strong>Spotlight</strong> € 41,40 / SFR 62,10

Mehr Sprache können Sie<br />

nirgendwo shoppen.<br />

Kompetent. Persönlich. Individuell.<br />

Alles, was Sie wirklich brauchen, um e<strong>in</strong>e Sprache zu lernen:<br />

Bücher und DVDs <strong>in</strong> Orig<strong>in</strong>alsprache, Lernsoftware und vieles mehr.<br />

Klicken und Produktvielfalt entdecken:<br />


Green Light<br />

52014<br />


Learn words<br />

for musical<br />

<strong>in</strong>struments<br />

Read all<br />

about the<br />

Mounties<br />

Practise us<strong>in</strong>g<br />

“have” and<br />

“have got”

GREEN LIGHT | News<br />

This month…<br />

Was beschäftigt die englischsprachige Welt im Mai?<br />

VANESSA CLARK spürt die heißen Storys für Sie auf.<br />

Jack’s back!<br />

Traditions Is it a man, or is it a tree? It’s<br />

both. It’s a Jack <strong>in</strong> the Green — a man<br />

dressed as a tree or a bush. This old English<br />

tradition started <strong>in</strong> the 16th century to celebrate<br />

May Day — the first of May.<br />

Jack is often a loud, fun character. The<br />

strict Victorians didn’t like him, and he disappeared<br />

from most May Day celebrations<br />

<strong>in</strong> the 19th century.<br />

Now, some towns and villages<br />

are br<strong>in</strong>g<strong>in</strong>g him back,<br />

together with other May traditions<br />

like morris danc<strong>in</strong>g<br />

and maypole danc<strong>in</strong>g. In Hast<strong>in</strong>gs,<br />

East Sussex, Jack even has<br />

his own festival (1–5 May).<br />

1914<br />

USA The bus company now<br />

called Greyhound L<strong>in</strong>es was<br />

started <strong>in</strong> Hibb<strong>in</strong>g, M<strong>in</strong>nesota,<br />

<strong>in</strong> May 1914. Today, Greyhound<br />

buses carry passengers to more<br />

than 3,800 towns and cities <strong>in</strong><br />

the US, Canada and Mexico.<br />

atmospheric [)ÄtmEs(ferIk]<br />

celebrate [(selEbreIt]<br />

disappear [)dIsE(pIE]<br />

former [(fO:mE]<br />

leader [(li:dE]<br />

maypole [(meIpEUl]<br />

morris danc<strong>in</strong>g<br />

[(mQrIs )dA:nsIN]<br />

strict [strIkt]<br />

writer’s block [)raItEz (blQk]<br />

100<br />

years ago<br />

stimmungsvoll<br />

feiern<br />

verschw<strong>in</strong>den<br />

früher, ehemalig<br />

hier: M<strong>in</strong>isterpräsident(<strong>in</strong>)<br />

Maibaum<br />

dem Moriskentanz<br />

ähnliche mittelalterliche<br />

Tanzform<br />

streng<br />

Schreibblockade<br />

Oh, Cecelia!<br />

Books The Irish writer Cecelia<br />

Ahern’s first book PS, I<br />

Love You, about love after<br />

death, was an <strong>in</strong>ternational<br />

bestseller and was made<br />

<strong>in</strong>to a film. Her latest<br />

book, which comes out<br />

<strong>in</strong> Germany this<br />

month, is a ghost story<br />

— Der Ghostwriter (English<br />

title Herman Banks<br />

and the Ghost Writer). It’s<br />

an atmospheric story<br />

about a writer who has<br />

writer’s block. Strange<br />

th<strong>in</strong>gs start to happen...<br />

Cecelia Ahern is the<br />

daughter of the former<br />

Irish leader Bertie Ahern.<br />

She lives near<br />

Dubl<strong>in</strong> with her<br />

husband and<br />

their two young<br />

children.<br />

2 <strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14

Musical <strong>in</strong>struments<br />

8 pictures | GREEN LIGHT<br />

STEPHANIE SHELLABEAR presents words for musical <strong>in</strong>struments.<br />

8<br />

1<br />

2<br />

7<br />

3<br />

6<br />

4<br />

5<br />

Titel: Alamy; Fotos Doppelseite: Alamy; PR; Illustrationen: B. Förth<br />

Write the words next<br />

to the pictures.<br />

1. piano [pi(ÄnEU]<br />

2. guitar [gI(tA:]<br />

3. viol<strong>in</strong> and bow<br />

[vaIE)lIn End (bEU]<br />

4. recorder [ri(kO:dE]<br />

5. trumpet [(trVmpIt]<br />

6. flute [flu:t]<br />

7. clar<strong>in</strong>et [)klÄrE(net]<br />

8. trombone [trQm(bEUn]<br />

Which <strong>in</strong>strument is it?<br />

a) It’s an <strong>in</strong>strument with four str<strong>in</strong>gs. You play it with your<br />

f<strong>in</strong>gers and a bow. It’s a _____________________________.<br />

b) It’s an <strong>in</strong>strument made of wood or plastic, often<br />

played by schoolchildren. It’s a ______________________.<br />

c) It looks a bit like a trumpet, but it’s much longer.<br />

It’s a ___________________________________.<br />

d) It’s a very large <strong>in</strong>strument and has lots of white and<br />

black keys. It’s a ___________________________________.<br />

e) It’s a long, silver <strong>in</strong>strument that you hold horizontally<br />

to play. It’s a ___________________________________.<br />

Instruments such as the guitar and the viol<strong>in</strong> are known as str<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong>struments (Saiten<strong>in</strong>strument).<br />

The clar<strong>in</strong>et, the flute and the recorder belong to the group of woodw<strong>in</strong>d<br />

<strong>in</strong>struments (Holzblas<strong>in</strong>strument). Brass <strong>in</strong>struments (Blechblas<strong>in</strong>strument) <strong>in</strong>clude the<br />

trumpet, horn and trombone.<br />

Tips<br />

Answers: a) viol<strong>in</strong> (str<strong>in</strong>g: Saite); b) recorder; c) trombone; d) piano (key: Taste); e) flute<br />

5|14 <strong>Spotlight</strong><br />


GREEN LIGHT | Grammar elements<br />

“Have” and “have got”<br />

STEPHANIE SHELLABEAR presents basic grammar.<br />

This month, she describes the different forms of the verb “have”.<br />

The verb “have” is used to say that someth<strong>in</strong>g belongs to someone or that it is available<br />

to someone. In spoken British English, “have got” is often used. There is no difference<br />

<strong>in</strong> mean<strong>in</strong>g, but have is more formal <strong>in</strong> British English, and have got is not normally<br />

used <strong>in</strong> American English.<br />

When you use “have got”, have and has usually become ’ve and ’s:<br />

have<br />

I have<br />

you have<br />

he / she / it has<br />

we have<br />

you have<br />

they have<br />

have got<br />

I’ve got<br />

you’ve got<br />

he’s / she’s / it’s got<br />

we’ve got<br />

you’ve got<br />

they’ve got<br />

• You have wonderful children. They are<br />

so polite.<br />

• You’ve got wonderful children. They<br />

are so polite.<br />

• We have three pets: a cat, a hamster<br />

and a goldfish.<br />

• We’ve got three pets: a cat, a hamster<br />

and a goldfish.<br />

To form the negative of “have”, you need help from the verb “do” and the word “not”.<br />

“Have got” needs only the added word “not”:<br />

do not have<br />

I don’t have<br />

you don’t have<br />

he/she/it doesn’t have<br />

we don’t have<br />

you don’t have<br />

they don’t have<br />

have not got<br />

I haven’t got<br />

you haven’t got<br />

he / she / it hasn’t got<br />

we haven’t got<br />

you haven’t got<br />

they haven’t got<br />

• Mr Swales doesn’t have an assistant.<br />

He does everyth<strong>in</strong>g himself.<br />

• Mr Swales hasn’t got an assistant.<br />

He does everyth<strong>in</strong>g himself.<br />

• If you don’t have a ticket, you<br />

can’t enter the build<strong>in</strong>g.<br />

• If you haven’t got a ticket, you<br />

can’t enter the build<strong>in</strong>g<br />

Complete the sentences below by<br />

underl<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g the correct words.<br />

a) He doesn’t / don’t have a job.<br />

b) I has / I’ve got a problem.<br />

c) We hasn’t / haven’t got any plans for Saturday.<br />

d) She’s / She got a bad cold.<br />

e) Do / Does you have his phone number?<br />

Answers: a) doesn’t; b) I’ve; c) haven’t; d) She’s; e) Do<br />

In the past tense, we use only had:<br />

• I had a bad cold last week.<br />

(Not: I had got a bad cold<br />

last week.)<br />

Tips<br />

Fotos: iStock<br />

4 <strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14

Runn<strong>in</strong>g to help<br />

Donna is tell<strong>in</strong>g Andrew about a run he could do for charity.<br />


Donna: Do you fancy do<strong>in</strong>g a charity run?<br />

Andrew: What, now?<br />

Donna: No, not now. It’s next month. It’s<br />

only 5K, and it’s to collect money for<br />

cancer research.<br />

Andrew: OK. I’ll tell you what: I’ll do it if<br />

you do it.<br />

Donna: Me? Are you mad?<br />

Andrew: Why not? You’re pretty fit. And if<br />

we go for a run together two or three<br />

times a week start<strong>in</strong>g now, it’ll be no<br />

problem.<br />

Donna: Do you th<strong>in</strong>k so?<br />

Andrew: Absolutely!<br />

Donna: Well... I do want to get <strong>in</strong>to shape<br />

for the wedd<strong>in</strong>g.<br />

Andrew: There! That’s the spirit. Where do<br />

we sign up?<br />

Donna: I should have kept my mouth shut.<br />

The Greens | GREEN LIGHT<br />

• Do you fancy...? (UK ifml.) is one<br />

way of ask<strong>in</strong>g someone if he or she<br />

feels like (zu etw. Lust haben) do<strong>in</strong>g<br />

someth<strong>in</strong>g. It is followed by the -<strong>in</strong>g<br />

form: “Do you fancy go<strong>in</strong>g out?”<br />

• People take part <strong>in</strong> a charity run to<br />

collect money for a good cause (guter<br />

Zweck). Many runs are either 5K (5 kilometres<br />

long) or 10K.<br />

• When the word pretty (ifml.) stands <strong>in</strong><br />

front of an adjective, it means “quite”.<br />

• Absolutely is used to say that someth<strong>in</strong>g<br />

is completely true.<br />

• When you eat healthily and do exercise<br />

(tra<strong>in</strong>ieren) to become physically fit,<br />

you get <strong>in</strong>to shape.<br />

• You sign up for someth<strong>in</strong>g by add<strong>in</strong>g<br />

your name to a list.<br />

Tips<br />

Match the two halves of the<br />

sentences.<br />

Listen to the dialogue at<br />

www.spotlight-onl<strong>in</strong>e.de/products/green-light<br />

a) It’s to collect money...<br />

b) I’ll do it...<br />

c) If we go for a run twice a week,...<br />

d) I should have...<br />

a ➯ 1. it’ll be no problem.<br />

b ➯ 2. for cancer research.<br />

c ➯ 3. kept my mouth shut.<br />

d ➯ 4. if you do it.<br />

Donna<br />

Andrew<br />

cancer research<br />

[(kÄnsE ri)s§:tS]<br />

charity [(tSÄrEti]<br />

that’s the spirit<br />

[(DÄts DE )spIrIt]<br />

wedd<strong>in</strong>g [(wedIN]<br />

Krebsforschung<br />

wohltätige<br />

Vere<strong>in</strong>igung<br />

das ist genau die<br />

richtige E<strong>in</strong>stellung<br />

Hochzeit<br />

Answers: a–2; b–4; c–1; d–3

GREEN LIGHT | Get writ<strong>in</strong>g<br />

Please forward<br />

VANESSA CLARK helps you to write letters, e-mails and more <strong>in</strong> English.<br />

This month: how to ask someone to forward an e-mail.<br />

E-mail for Ms Herr<strong>in</strong>gshaw<br />

To:<br />

Cc:<br />

Subject:<br />

<strong>in</strong>fo@wantageschool.co.uk<br />

E-mail for Ms Herr<strong>in</strong>gshaw<br />

Dear Wantage School Office<br />

I don’t have a direct e-mail address for my daughter’s teacher, Ms Herr<strong>in</strong>gshaw.<br />

I would be very grateful if you could forward this e-mail to her.<br />

Best wishes<br />

Hilary Mannion<br />

Dear Ms Herr<strong>in</strong>gshaw<br />

I hope this e-mail reaches you OK.<br />

My daughter Rosie Mannion is <strong>in</strong> your year 8 English class. I have a question<br />

about the book the children <strong>in</strong> your class are read<strong>in</strong>g at the moment…<br />

• If you can’t f<strong>in</strong>d a direct e-mail address for someone, you can send your message to<br />

the ma<strong>in</strong> office (Hauptbüro, Zentrale) or an “<strong>in</strong>fo@...” address and ask them to forward it<br />

to the right person.<br />

• Women sometimes put the title Ms <strong>in</strong> front of their name when they don’t want to state<br />

(angeben) whether they are married (Mrs) or s<strong>in</strong>gle (usually Miss).<br />

• When you make a request (Anfrage, Bitte), especially <strong>in</strong> a letter or <strong>in</strong> a formal situation, you<br />

can say or write: I would be very grateful...<br />

• You can end an e-mail to someone you don’t know very well with Best wishes,<br />

“K<strong>in</strong>d regards” or “Best regards”.<br />

reach sb. [ri:tS]<br />

jmdn. erreichen<br />

Use<br />

it!<br />

Highlight the key words and<br />

phrases that you would use if you<br />

needed to write an e-mail like this yourself.<br />

Tips<br />

Fotos: iStock; PhotoObjects.net<br />

6 <strong>Spotlight</strong> 5|14

I like…<br />

the Mounties<br />

Who they are<br />

Mountie is the short form for Royal Canadian<br />

Mounted Police (RCMP). The Mounties,<br />

Canada’s national police force, used to be<br />

called the North-West Mounted Police. This<br />

early force was started <strong>in</strong> 1873 to patrol<br />

Canada’s new western territories. The name<br />

was changed to the Royal Canadian<br />

Mounted Police <strong>in</strong> 1920. The Mounties are<br />

famous for their red coats, Stetson hats —<br />

and, of course, their beautiful black horses.<br />

But those red uniforms are worn only on<br />

special days, and most Mounties use cars,<br />

not horses, to do their work.<br />

Culture corner | GREEN LIGHT<br />

Jeden Monat stellt e<strong>in</strong> Redakteur etwas Besonderes aus<br />

der englischsprachigen Welt vor. Diesen Monat präsentiert<br />

Bus<strong>in</strong>ess <strong>Spotlight</strong>-Redakteur<strong>in</strong> MARGARET DAVIS e<strong>in</strong>e<br />

Liebl<strong>in</strong>gs<strong>in</strong>stitution.<br />

Why I like them<br />

Unlike people <strong>in</strong> many other countries,<br />

Canadians are proud of their national police.<br />

As a child, I wanted to be a Mountie, ma<strong>in</strong>ly<br />

because I liked horses and dogs. In those<br />

days, the Mounties patrolled the Far North<br />

us<strong>in</strong>g dog sleds pulled by huskies. Today,<br />

the dogs have been replaced by snowmobiles.<br />

Recent scandals have hurt the Mounties’<br />

image. Nobody’s perfect, not even our<br />

men and women <strong>in</strong> red. Yet it’s still excit<strong>in</strong>g<br />

to see that familiar uniform and those lovely<br />

horses, especially <strong>in</strong> places like Parliament<br />

Hill <strong>in</strong> Ottawa, our nation’s capital.<br />

Fun facts<br />

The image of the red-coated Mountie has been used to promote Canada<br />

s<strong>in</strong>ce the 1880s. Mounties have been celebrated <strong>in</strong> movies and comics and<br />

on the radio s<strong>in</strong>ce the 1930s. In the 1990s, a TV series called Due South (German<br />

title: E<strong>in</strong> Mountie <strong>in</strong> Chicago) was an <strong>in</strong>ternational success. The Mountie <strong>in</strong><br />

the show, played by Paul Gross, had a wolf-dog named Diefenbaker.<br />

Probably only Canadians knew the dog was named after a former prime<br />

m<strong>in</strong>ister, John George Diefenbaker (1895–1979).<br />

celebrate [(selEbreIt]<br />

dog sled [(dQg sled] N. Am.<br />

familiar [fE(mIliE]<br />

patrol [pE(trEUl]<br />

police force [pE(li:s fO:s]<br />

prime m<strong>in</strong>ister [)praIm (mInIstE]<br />

promote sth. [prE(mEUt]<br />

proud [praUd]<br />

Royal Canadian Mounted Police<br />

[)rOIEl kE)neIdiEn )maUntId pE(li:s]<br />

success [sEk(ses]<br />

unlike [)Vn(laIk]<br />

western territories<br />

[)westEn (terEtEriz]<br />

feiern<br />

Hundeschlitten<br />

vertraut<br />

patrouillieren<br />

Polizei(truppe)<br />

Premierm<strong>in</strong>ister(<strong>in</strong>)<br />

für etw. werben<br />

stolz<br />

königliche kanadische berittene<br />

Polizei<br />

Erfolg<br />

anders als, im Gegensatz zu<br />

(Nord)West-Territorien<br />

5|14 <strong>Spotlight</strong><br />


GREEN LIGHT | Notes and numbers<br />

Negative<br />

numbers<br />

A negative number is a number<br />

less than zero. To show that the<br />

number is negative, it has a m<strong>in</strong>us<br />

symbol (–) <strong>in</strong> front of it:<br />

• –2, for example, is pronounced (aussprechen)<br />

“m<strong>in</strong>us two” or “negative two” (US)<br />

You most often see negative numbers with<br />

temperatures:<br />

• –6 °C = “m<strong>in</strong>us six degrees Celsius/centigrade”<br />

or “six below zero”<br />

Write these numbers as you would<br />

say them.<br />

m<strong>in</strong>us twenty-five /<br />

negative twenty-five<br />

a) –25 __________________________________<br />

__________________________________________<br />

b) –4 __________________________________<br />

__________________________________________<br />

c) –32 °C _______________________________<br />

__________________________________________<br />

d) –108 _________________________________<br />

__________________________________________<br />

e) –1,075 _______________________________<br />

__________________________________________<br />

Your notes<br />

Use this space for your own notes.<br />

Fotos: iStock<br />

Answers: b) m<strong>in</strong>us four / negative four; c) m<strong>in</strong>us thirty-two degrees Celsius / thirty-two degrees below (zero); d) m<strong>in</strong>us one hundred<br />

and eight / negative one hundred and eight; e) m<strong>in</strong>us one thousand and seventy-five / negative one thousand and seventy-five<br />


Herausgeber und Verlagsleiter: Dr. Wolfgang Stock<br />

Chefredakteur<strong>in</strong>: Inez Sharp<br />

Stellvertretende Chefredakteur<strong>in</strong>: Claud<strong>in</strong>e Weber-Hof<br />

Chef<strong>in</strong> vom Dienst: Susanne Pfeifer<br />

Autoren: Vanessa Clark, Stephanie Shellabear,<br />

Dagmar Taylor<br />

Redaktion: Owen Connors, Elisabeth Erpf, Anja Giese,<br />

Peter Green, Anthony Healey, Sab<strong>in</strong>e Hübner-Pesce,<br />

Re<strong>in</strong>hild Luk, Michael Pilewski (Onl<strong>in</strong>e), Michele Tilgner,<br />

Joanna Westcombe<br />

Bildredaktion: Sarah Gough (Leitung), Thorsten Mansch<br />

Gestaltung: Marion Sauer/Johannes Re<strong>in</strong>er<br />

www.vor-zeichen.de<br />

Anzeigenleitung: Axel Zettler<br />

Market<strong>in</strong>gleitung: Holger Hofmann<br />

Produktionsleitung: Ingrid Sturm<br />

Vertriebsleitung: Monika Wohlgemuth<br />

Verlag und Redaktion: <strong>Spotlight</strong> Verlag GmbH<br />

Postanschrift: Postfach 1565, 82144 Planegg, Deutschland<br />

Telefon +49(0)89/8 56 81-0<br />

Fax +49(0)89/8 56 81-105<br />

Internet: www.spotlight-onl<strong>in</strong>e.de<br />

Litho: Mohn Media Mohndruck GmbH, 33311 Gütersloh<br />

Druck: Medienhaus Ortmeier, 48369 Saerbeck<br />

© 2014 <strong>Spotlight</strong> Verlag, auch für alle genannten Autoren,<br />

Fotografen und Mitarbeiter.<br />

UNSER SPRACHNIVEAU: Das Sprachniveau <strong>in</strong> Green Light entspricht ungefähr Stufe A2 des<br />

Geme<strong>in</strong>samen Europäischen Referenzrahmens für Sprachen.

Hooray! Your file is uploaded and ready to be published.

Saved successfully!

Ooh no, something went wrong!