Food Security Atlas Of RURAL MAHARASHTRA - WFP Remote ...

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Food Security Atlas Of RURAL MAHARASHTRA - WFP Remote ...

Table 2.7: Percentage Share of Workforce and GSDP bySub-Sector in Maharashtra, 2004-05 (at 1993-94 Prices)Sector Workers % GSDP %UPS UPSS GSDPAgriculture, etc. 55.17 55.74 11.14Mining & Quarrying 0.42 0.41 0.79Primary 55.60 56.15 11.93Manufacturing 11.67 11.78 22.17Electricity, Gas & Water supply 0.30 0.28 2.44Construction 4.98 4.87 4.61Secondary 16.95 16.93 29.22Trade, Hotel & Restaurants 11.01 10.80 14.53Transport, Storage & Communication 4.71 4.51 14.44Finance, Business, Real Estate, etc 2.82 2.80 17.74Public Admn., Health, Education, etc. 8.92 8.81 12.15Tertiary 27.46 26.92 58.85Total 100.00 100.00 100.00Source: Computed from CSO.2.4 Health and Nutritional StatusIt is a well known fact that a healthy person has a higher capacity to work. The goal of any economicactivity is human well-being, an important. component of which is health. Health and nutritionalstatus can be measured through a number of indicators. While mortality under age one [infantmortality] is an indicator of poor reproductive health facilities, antenatal care and post-natal care,mortality under age five is closely linked with immunization and overall poverty levels. The latter isalso useful for assessing both social practices and public policy and can be taken as acomprehensive indicator for the overall quality of life.In terms of nutritional indicators, Maharashtra has a better picture in case of proportion ofunderweight children (37 percent) in comparison to the other states and the national average. Theother mortality and nutritional indicators for children also show a better position in comparison tothe national average and to the other major states. However, the nutritional indicator in case ofwomen in Maharashtra is an indicator which invites attention. The proportion of thin women inMaharashtra is higher than the national average and also higher than other states like Uttar Pradesh(Table 2.8).While infant mortality can be reduced with improvements in access to healthcare, the presence oftrained birth attendants etc., reduction in child mortality is more related to improvements in food security16 FOOD SECURITY ATLAS OF RURAL MAHARRASHTRA

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