Η ιδέα της χαρτογράφησης άγνωστων πτυχών δημοφιλών τουριστικών τόπων συνεχίστηκε, μετά την ανατολική Κρήτη, με τον οδηγό αυτό για τη Ρόδο. Οι συντελεστές της έκδοσης εξερεύνησαν, κατέγραψαν, φωτογράφισαν και μετέτρεψαν τις εμπειρίες τους σε έναν πρακτικό οδηγό, αφιερωμένο σε όσους θέλουν να ταξιδεύουν «ψυχή τε και σώματι».
Κείμενα: Judith Lange
Φωτογραφία: Judith Lange, Μαρία Στέφωση
Σχεδιασμός και καλλιτεχνική επιμέλεια: Μαρία Στέφωση
Μετάφραση: Julia MacGibbon
Επιμέλεια δοκιμίων: John o'Shea
Εκτύπωση και βιβλιοδεσία: Γραφικές Τέχνες Δετοράκης ΑΕΒΕ
C H A P T E R 1 Rhodes Only a few traces remain of the original fifthcentury B.C. layout of the city of Rhodes .. The Laocoon group, Hellenistic era 14 Up until the fifth century B.C. the island was governed by three city-states, Ialysos, Kamiros and Lindos, but by the end of the century, after it was devastated by the Athenian Alcibiades, the Rhodians realised the necessity of creating a unified state with a new capital. In 408 B.C. they founded Rhodes, based on Hippodamos of Militoss design for a city on a grid plan, which soon became the largest commercial metropolis on the route between the Orient and the West. Conquered by the Romans in the second century B.C., the city lost political importance, but remained a flourishing cultural centre where great personages such as Caesar, Augustus and Tiberius, or intellectuals like Cicero and Lucretius sojourned. In the first century B.C. the historian Pliny wrote that Rhodes possessed 3000 statues and 100 colossi, referring to the magnificent statues that decorated the city, considered the most beautiful in all the Mediterranean.
In the same period the geographer Strabo affirmed that harbours, roads and buildings are so superior to the other cities that we know nothing its equal. By that time Rhodes had already been conquered by the Romans who sacked the city of her treasures, filling the holds of their ships with the most beautiful sculptures among which the Laocoön, Scylla, Ulysses and Polyphemus and the Farnese Bull to adorn the palaces of Rome. Legs akimbo, protecting the port of Mandraki, only the celebrated Colossus of Rhodes, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, met a different fate. Work of the sculptor Chares, a pupil of Lysippos, the Colossus was in bronze, 32 metres high and represented the Sun God, Helios. Erected between 302 and 290 B.C., it fell during an earthquake in 226 B.C., after less than a century and a half. Hundreds of pieces lay about on the ground for almost nine centuries, until at last they were bought by an oriental merchant who wanted to fuse the bronze. After the invasion of the Goths in the third century A.D. the city was conquered by the Byzantines, who in turn were besieged by Persians and Saracens. Later on Venetians, Genoese and Byzantines would contest Rhodes until 1309, when the Knights of the Order of St John arrived, patrons of the island until the Ottoman conquest of 1522. Every historical period has left its tangible signs, except for the Colossus, which fell in the third century B.C.