11 months ago


Leader’s view

Leader’s view PRESIDENCIAMX / ALAMY STOCK PHOTO Enrique Peña Nieto President, Mexico 5 th Summit 2012 Elected At the outset of the global financial crisis, almost 10 years ago, the G20 was key to harnessing sufficient resolve and strength to ensure that developed and emerging economies came together to agree on a set of actions that revitalised the world economy. This mechanism was a victory of multilateralism and cooperation, and it proved we can succeed when we work together. It also showed that, given the nature of current global challenges, no country – no matter how big, powerful or influential it is – can effectively address them alone. Today, we face again a complex – yet different – international scenario. As we meet in Hamburg, we must show the determination and commitment that characterise us. We must ensure that the G20 remains the leading forum for global economic governance. To do so, Mexico wholeheartedly supports the priorities of Germany’s G20 presidency: building a stronger and more sustainable world economy and assuming greater global responsibility. My country has worked with its G20 partners on the following core priorities for the Hamburg summit: Free, strong and rules-based trade By continuously recognising free trade as an important engine for economic growth, the G20 has been firm in promoting open economies and opposing protectionist measures that have proven, time and again, to be harmful for all. The G20 must restate its commitment to a free, strong, transparent and rules-based multilateral trade and financial systems. At the same time, the group must address the concerns of the social and productive sectors that feel they haven’t benefited enough from globalisation and global trade. LEADER’S VIEW G20: unity for the greater good A more sustainable world economy is possible if the G20 focuses on trade, climate change and a compassionate approach to migration, writes Enrique Peña Nieto Accordingly, Mexico will continue promoting macroeconomic policy coordination among G20 participants, in order to enhance inclusive economic growth. My country believes that investment in infrastructure is key to increasing employment and expanding the benefits of economic development in our countries. A sustainable global economy Representing 74 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions, we, as G20 members, bear a great responsibility in building a more sustainable global economy. Therefore, it is crucial that the G20 upholds its pledge to fight against climate change and to accomplish the goals of the Paris Agreement. A comprehensive approach to mobility I’d like to acknowledge Germany’s determination to include a sensitive, but extremely important, issue on the G20 agenda: the international movement of people. Mexico promotes a multidimensional approach to migration: it must be based on human rights, regardless of migratory status, shared responsibility and the recognition of migrants’ contributions to the social and economic development of both their countries of origin and destination. The G20 should continue to improve the governance of international human mobility by supporting the adoption in 2018 of the UN Global compact on safe, orderly and regular migration. Leadership and unity in difficult times As the saying goes, “In calm waters many captains are able. It is in a tempest when true leadership emerges.” Thus, I acknowledge the vision and tenacity of German chancellor Angela Merkel, who is presiding over the G20 during challenging times. With the values that we share as the solid foundation for our partnership, Mexico stands ready to work with Germany, all G20 members, guest countries and international organisations, in a spirit of unity, to achieve long-term agreements that have humanity’s best interests at heart. G20 20 G20 Germany: The Hamburg Summit • July 2017

Leader’s view Since we last met, in China in September 2016, the case for global cooperation and open societies has become more compelling and more urgent than ever. Whether it be climate change, sustainable development, migration, trade, tax evasion, cybersecurity or global economic growth, the challenges as well as the solutions are global in nature. Yet the last year has also seen a rise in those questioning whether a global system works for them. Advocates for protectionist, nationalist policies have gained traction in elections across the world by proposing to pull up the drawbridge on globalisation. Reversing what we have done together is not an option. But neither can we ignore the legitimate concerns of those affected by a more global world. The European Union will continue standing for a global economy that is open, transparent, fair and governed by clear rules. Our trade agreement with Canada exemplifies that. It is our most progressive deal and sets the international standard by taking people and the environment fully into account. Our negotiations with Japan over a trade agreement follow the same principle. The economics make sense for Europe: a third of our national income comes from trade with the rest of the world. It is a no-brainer to work with G20 countries, who account for 85 per cent of the gross world product, 80 per cent of world trade and two thirds of the world population. We see the opportunities this provides for people everywhere. Students can follow academic courses from the world’s best universities regardless of where they live. Businesses can exploit economies of scale in global markets. Scientists can exchange ideas, pushing each other to innovate and find breakthroughs on health, climate or the environment. This has helped lift hundreds of millions of people out of poverty and enabled poorer countries to catch up. It has helped increase stability, democracy and peace across the world. LEADER’S VIEW Thinking global, acting local Europe stands with the G20 to confront the legitimate concerns of its citizens and ensure the global world delivers for all, writes Jean-Claude Juncker But we must also recognise that it has caused apprehension and upheaval for many. It has meant job losses as factories close in areas that were manufacturing heartlands for generations. Some are concerned about standards lowering, and others see an open world as responsible for the erosion of long-held traditions and cultures. We need to listen to these concerns In Hamburg, the European Union will push for an open debate on how to harness and shape globalisation so it benefits all. We must train, support and protect workers throughout their careers and invest in social inclusion. We must empower our regions and defend our industries from unfair trading practices. That is why we propose to modernise the EU’s trade defence instruments to ensure our industries can compete. It is why we propose the European Pillar of Social Rights to ensure that our labour markets are fair and our social protection is sustainable and effective. This is also why we need to build on the work done by the EU’s European Globalisation Adjustment Fund. Since 2007, it has helped 140,000 laid-off workers in the EU find work or start their own business by helping them in their job search, providing advice, retraining, mentoring and coaching. Our recent reflection paper on harnessing globalisation opens the debate on how we can do that in a way that is fair for all. Part of our strategy is to continue working closely with our G20 partners so our economies thrive, our world becomes more sustainable, and our values of openness, fairness and tolerance are upheld. The G20 has come so far together. We can’t afford to turn back. But, as a group, we must confront the legitimate concerns of our citizens and ensure the global world delivers for all. The debate must make us stronger and better equipped to do just that. G20 Jean-Claude Juncker President, European Commission 4 th Summit 2014 Elected July 2017G20 Germany: The Hamburg Summit 21

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