New Zealand has one of the highest fatal drowning rates in the OECD1. This report is our way of drawing a line in the sand. We, Surf Life Saving New Zealand, are saying “enough is enough”. No more unnecessary deaths from drowning on our beaches and along our coastline.
<strong>NATIONAL</strong> OVERVIEW 10-YEAR OVERVIEW | 2009-19 <strong>NATIONAL</strong> OVERVIEW 10-YEAR OVERVIEW | 2009-19 Figure 17 2009-19 (10-Year Average) and 2018-19: Total <strong>Beach</strong> and <strong>Coastal</strong> Fatal Drownings by Ethnicity When analysing total fatal drownings per ethnicity, NZ Europeans represented the highest number (n=11) of total fatal drownings on average per year (2009-19), followed by Maori (n=9) and Pacific People (n=5). In 2018-19, the Asian fatal drowning total (n=6) was the only total that exceeded the 10-year average. NZ European (n=9), Maori (n=7) and Pacific Peoples (n=3) all had fatal drowning totals that dropped below their 10-year averages. Fatal Drownings (n) Rate (per 100,000 pop.) 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 2.0 1.5 1.04 0.5 0 Average Fatal Drownings per Year (2009-19) Total Fatal Drownings (2018-19) ASIAN MAORI NZ EUROPEAN PACIFIC PEOPLES OTHER* Fatal Drowning Rate (2009-19) Fatal Drowning Rate (2018-19) Ethnicity Figure 18 2009-19 (10-year average) and 2018-19: <strong>Beach</strong> and <strong>Coastal</strong> Fatal Drowning Rates by Ethnicity Between 2009-19, Pacific Peoples recorded the highest fatal drowning rate (1.69 per 100,000 pop.) of any ethnicity, followed by Maori (1.27 per 100,000 pop.) and Asian ethnicities (0.92 per 100,000 pop.). In 2018/19, Maori represented the highest fatal drowning rate of any ethnicity (0.92 per 100,000 pop.), closely followed by Asian (0.85 per 100,000 pop.) and Pacific Peoples (0.79 per 100,000 pop.). However, in 2018-19 all ethnicities recorded a drop in their fatal drowning rates when compared to the 10-year average. ASIAN MAORI NZ EUROPEAN PACIFIC PEOPLES OTHER* Ethnicity Between 2009-19, Pacific Peoples recorded the highest fatal drowning rate (1.69 per 100,000 pop.) of any ethnicity (*represents all other ethnicities) (*represents all other ethnicities) Figure 19 2009-19: <strong>Beach</strong> and <strong>Coastal</strong> Fatal Drownings by Month (n=320) The highest percentage of beach and coastal fatal drownings occurred in January (n=56), followed by December (n=44) and February (n=44). Between 2009-19, 55% of drownings occurred outside of the summer months. Fatal Drownings (n) 20 15 10 5 0 Fatal Drownings Summer Season JUL AUG SEPT OCT NOV DEC JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN Figure 20 2009-19 (10-year average) and 2018-199 <strong>Beach</strong> and <strong>Coastal</strong> Fatal Drownings per Activity The listed activities below represent the top eight causes of fatal drowning on beach and coastal areas (2009-19) and inform our national coastal safety priorities. In 2018-19, the number of drowning deaths while snorkelling, rock fishing, shell/net fishing, attempting a rescue and using watercraft were above the 10-year average. Swimming/wading, boating and fallrelated incidents were below the 10-year average. SWIMMING / WADING FALL BOATING WATERCRAFT 2009-19 7 2009-19 7 2009-19 5 2009-19 3 2018-19 6 2018-19 3 2018-19 0 2018-19 7 Year SNORKELLING 2009-19 3 ROCK FISHING 2009-19 3 NET / SHELL FISHING 2009-19 2 ATTEMPTING A RESCUE 2009-19 2 2018-19 5 2018-19 7 2018-19 1 2018-19 2 SURF LIFE SAVING NEW ZEALAND <strong>NATIONAL</strong> BEACH & COASTAL SAFETY REPORT SECTION TWO FATAL DROWNING ANALYSIS / 10 YEAR OVERVIEW 2009-19 24 25