SLSNZ NATIONAL Beach & Coastal Safety Report

SurfLifeSavingNZ1910

New Zealand has one of the highest fatal drowning rates in the OECD1. This report is our way of drawing a line in the sand. We, Surf Life Saving New Zealand, are saying “enough is enough”. No more unnecessary deaths from drowning on our beaches and along our coastline.

NATIONAL OVERVIEW

10-YEAR OVERVIEW | 2009-19

NATIONAL OVERVIEW

10-YEAR OVERVIEW | 2009-19

Figure 17

2009-19 (10-Year Average) and 2018-19: Total Beach and Coastal Fatal Drownings by Ethnicity

When analysing total fatal drownings per ethnicity, NZ Europeans represented the highest number (n=11) of total fatal

drownings on average per year (2009-19), followed by Maori (n=9) and Pacific People (n=5). In 2018-19, the Asian fatal

drowning total (n=6) was the only total that exceeded the 10-year average. NZ European (n=9), Maori (n=7) and Pacific

Peoples (n=3) all had fatal drowning totals that dropped below their 10-year averages.

Fatal Drownings (n)

Rate (per 100,000 pop.)

12

10

8

6

4

2

0

2.0

1.5

1.04

0.5

0

Average Fatal Drownings per Year (2009-19)

Total Fatal Drownings (2018-19)

ASIAN MAORI NZ EUROPEAN PACIFIC PEOPLES OTHER*

Fatal Drowning Rate (2009-19)

Fatal Drowning Rate (2018-19)

Ethnicity

Figure 18

2009-19 (10-year average) and 2018-19: Beach and Coastal Fatal Drowning Rates by Ethnicity

Between 2009-19, Pacific Peoples recorded the highest fatal drowning rate (1.69 per 100,000 pop.) of any ethnicity,

followed by Maori (1.27 per 100,000 pop.) and Asian ethnicities (0.92 per 100,000 pop.). In 2018/19, Maori represented

the highest fatal drowning rate of any ethnicity (0.92 per 100,000 pop.), closely followed by Asian (0.85 per 100,000 pop.)

and Pacific Peoples (0.79 per 100,000 pop.). However, in 2018-19 all ethnicities recorded a drop in their fatal drowning

rates when compared to the 10-year average.

ASIAN MAORI NZ EUROPEAN PACIFIC PEOPLES OTHER*

Ethnicity

Between 2009-19, Pacific Peoples recorded the highest fatal

drowning rate (1.69 per 100,000 pop.) of any ethnicity

(*represents all other ethnicities)

(*represents all other ethnicities)

Figure 19

2009-19: Beach and Coastal Fatal Drownings by Month (n=320)

The highest percentage of beach and coastal fatal drownings occurred in January (n=56), followed by December (n=44)

and February (n=44). Between 2009-19, 55% of drownings occurred outside of the summer months.

Fatal Drownings (n)

20

15

10

5

0

Fatal Drownings

Summer Season

JUL AUG SEPT OCT NOV DEC JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN

Figure 20

2009-19 (10-year average) and 2018-199 Beach and Coastal Fatal Drownings per Activity

The listed activities below represent the top eight causes of fatal drowning on beach and coastal areas (2009-19) and inform

our national coastal safety priorities. In 2018-19, the number of drowning deaths while snorkelling, rock fishing, shell/net

fishing, attempting a rescue and using watercraft were above the 10-year average. Swimming/wading, boating and fallrelated

incidents were below the 10-year average.

SWIMMING / WADING

FALL

BOATING

WATERCRAFT

2009-19

7

2009-19

7

2009-19

5

2009-19

3

2018-19

6

2018-19

3

2018-19

0

2018-19

7

Year

SNORKELLING

2009-19

3

ROCK FISHING

2009-19

3

NET / SHELL FISHING

2009-19

2

ATTEMPTING A RESCUE

2009-19

2

2018-19

5

2018-19

7

2018-19

1

2018-19

2

SURF LIFE SAVING NEW ZEALAND

NATIONAL BEACH & COASTAL SAFETY REPORT

SECTION TWO FATAL DROWNING ANALYSIS / 10 YEAR OVERVIEW 2009-19

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