stahlmarkt 09 | 2019

stahlmarkt.magazin

TOP -Themen:

Hütten- und Walzwerkeinrichter zwischen Hoffen und Bangen (Seite 18)
Branchenbericht: Metallindustrie vor großen Herausforderungen (Seite 32)
Vorschau: EMO – die Welt der Metallbearbeitung (Seite 44)

SPECIAL

STAHLHANDEL & STAHL-SERVICE-CENTER

EUROFER: Einbruch der Stahlnachfrage aufgrund schwacher Produktion - 30
Commerzbank-Bericht: Metallindustrie steht vor großen Herausforderungen - 32
XOM Materials fasst Fuß auf dem US-amerikanischen Markt - 35

LOGISTIK & HANDHABUNG, LAGERTECHNIK
Aktionsplan »Niedrigwasser Rhein« vorgelegt - 38
Liebherr-Components Kirchdorf setzt auf Modernisierung und Erweiterung - 40

ISSN 0178-6571

steel market

01

Information on the steel trade,

the steel industry and steel processing

international

October 2019

gegründet 1969

European Steel Distributor

Visit us at the Blechexpo, Stuttgart

5. - 8. November 2019, Hall 10, Booth 10214

Bepro Blech und Profilstahl GmbH & Co. KG

Consolstraße 11, D-45889 Gelsenkirchen

Tel. +49(0)209/98251-10, Fax +49(0)209/98251-31

info@bepro.de, www.bepro.de

03-057_AnzSteelMarket-International_210x180.indd 1 19.08.19 08:0

Economists: Outlook for British metal industry »very high risk« (page 12)

Long steel market currently depressed, says Irepas - and players agree (page 22)

Blechexpo 2019: Sheet Metal and Joining Technology Highlights (page 30)


Structural

Hollow Sections

Cold Warm

Everything in stock up to 24.10 m

contact: shp@heitmann-stahl.de

Heitmann Stahlhandel GmbH & Co. KG

Hansastrasse 22 · 46049 Oberhausen · Germany · fon: +49 (0)208 / 836-0

fax: +49 (0)208 / 836199 · www.heitmann-stahl.de · shp@heitmann-stahl.de


Editorial 3

Dear readers,

Brexit and digitalisation: two topics that are currently affecting

the steel industry. While preparing this issue there was

still no surety to the outcome of Brexit but one thing is

certain: British industry will suffer - and with it European

industry. This is the conclusion of an interview with international

credit insurer Coface and an assessment by Make UK,

The Manufacturers‘ Organisation, and business advisory firm

BDO LLP. Nevertheless, there are also some rays of hope, as

Paul O‘Donnell of the Manufacturing Technologies Association

points out in an interview.

Scandinavia has profited from the Brexit chaos, as the Philipp Isenbart

Coface analysts confirm. In the far north, people are dealing

with the industry‘s relevant issues, above all digitalisation. Stainless steel producer Outokumu, for example,

is planning the complete digitalisation of its plant in Tornio to subsequently transform the entire group.

A must-win-battle for the company.

Digitalisation is also changing the lives of steel service centers. In separate interviews, Ralf Henkelmann and

Thomas Niederhofer from Knauf Interfer and Michael Mockenhaupt from EMW Stahl Service Center explain

how tasks are shifting and where new opportunities are opening up.

Visitors to Blechexpo in Stuttgart will find out what else the industry has to offer. We have summarised

current trends, new products and news in a trade fair preview. This also revolves around the further digitalisation

of daily work. But, before that takes place we may even know what the future holds for Brexit, we

will see.

We hope you enjoy reading this special edition.

Philipp Isenbart

editor-in-chief, Steel Market

steel market 01.2019


12

22

30

Copyright: Tata Steel

Copyright: Shutterstock

Copyright: Schall

UK & NORTHERN

EUROPE

STEEL INTERNATIONAL

BLECHEXPO,

STRIPS & SHEETS

UK steelmakers need funds to invest in

their plants and in research to cope with

competition.

The global long steel products market is

depressed as circumstances are becoming

more difficult.

The 14 th Blechexpo, in combination with the

7 th Schweisstec, will be covering all aspects of

sheet metal, pipe and profile processing from

the 5 through 8 November.

CONTENTS 01.2019

SHORT MESSAGES

6 ArcelorMittal to build demonstration plant

7 Baosteel orders additional continuous slab caster

8 Dillinger and Saarstahl launch joint

future-oriented program

9 Marcegaglia to supply 6,000 tons of tubes

UK & NORTHERN EUROPE

12 Economists: Outlook for British metal industry

»very high risk«

14 Make UK and BDO: »Perfect storm of factors«

16 MTA: Chances and challenges for the

British industry

STEEL INTERNATIONAL

22 Long steel market currently depressed, says

Irepas - and players agree

28 Wire rod supply getting scarcer in Europe –

processor firms fear forced production cuts

BLECHEXPO, STRIPS & SHEETS

30 Blechexpo 2019: Sheet Metal and Joining

Technology Highlights

34 A prospect for coil prices to gain ground?

STEEL DISTRIBUTION & SERVICE CENTRES

36 Interview with Knauf-Interfer: The Digital Supply

Manager

38 Multi-functional laser tools for sheet metal

processing

40 EMW Stahl-Service-Center: »More and more

logistics tasks«

VIPS

44 Wolfgang Eder hands chairmanship of the

Management Board to Herbert Eibensteiner

45 Henrik Adam leads Tata Steel Europe

COLUMS

5 World crude steel production

47 Literature & Company brochures

50 Advertiser’s index

50 In the next issue / Imprint

steel market 01.2019


World crude steel production 5

World crude steel production 1) August 2019

1)

HADEED only.

2)

The 64 countries included in this table accounted for approximately 99% of total world crude steel production in 2018.

e – estimated

August August % change. 8 Months Change

2019 2018 August 19/18 2019 2018 in %

Austria 577 321 79,4 5 144 4 497 14,4

Belgium 630 e 642 -1,9 5 295 5 376 -1,5

Bulgaria 55 e 53 4,8 417 450 -7,4

Croatia 4 e 8 -51,2 58 71 -17,4

Czech Republic 364 444 -17,9 3 203 3 394 -5,6

Finland 258 349 -26,1 2 415 2 808 -14,0

France 1 050 944 11,2 10 038 10 260 -2,2

Germany 3 266 3 239 0,8 27 200 28 464 -4,4

Greece 40 e 53 -24,5 894 965 -7,4

Hungary 121 155 -22,0 1 193 1 332 -10,4

Italy 857 1 168 -26,7 15 410 16 144 -4,5

Luxembourg 112 128 -11,9 1 483 1 504 -1,4

Netherlands 578 516 12,1 4 621 4 637 -0,4

Poland 635 e 753 -15,6 6 106 6 784 -10,0

Slovenia 45 e 48 -5,5 426 451 -5,6

Spain 1 133 1 187 -4,6 9 651 9 558 1,0

Sweden 362 345 4,9 3 308 3 244 2,0

United Kingdom 563 546 3,0 4 979 5 143 -3,2

Other E.U. (28) (e) 805 e 816 -1,3 7 250 7 240 0,1

European Union (28) 11 454 11 714 -2,2 109 091 112 321 -2,9

Bosnia-Herzegovina 65 e 75 -13,9 550 383 43,5

Macedonia 20 21 -5,7 172 176 -2,5

Norway 60 55 8,6 408 368 10,9

Serbia 112 158 -29,4 1 281 1 334 -4,0

Turkey 2 634 3 005 -12,4 22 553 25 189 -10,5

Other Europe 2 890 3 315 -12,8 24 963 27 451 -9,1

Belarus 210 e 220 -4,5 1 741 1 587 9,7

Kazakhstan 400 e 375 6,7 2 761 3 068 -10,0

Moldova 35 e 51 -31,4 250 368 -32,1

Russia 5 900 e 6 147 -4,0 48 261 48 450 -0,4

Ukraine 1 938 1 786 8,5 14 655 13 992 4,7

Uzbekistan 60 e 62 -3,2 423 441 -4,1

C.I.S. (6) 8 543 8 641 -1,1 68 091 67 906 0,3

Canada 1 060 e 1 152 -8,0 8 650 9 098 -4,9

Cuba 20 e 20 -2,0 144 142 1,4

El Salvador 10 e 8 21,4 68 64 5,4

Guatemala 25 e 26 -2,0 199 196 1,5

Mexico 1 410 e 1 660 -15,1 12 639 13 844 -8,7

United States 7 497 7 477 0,3 59 229 56 919 4,1

North America 10 022 10 343 -3,1 80 928 80 262 0,8

Argentina 436 455 -4,3 3 173 3 469 -8,5

Brazil 2 524 2 914 -13,4 22 215 23 482 -5,4

Chile 95 e 105 -9,6 641 735 -12,8

Colombia 115 e 115 0,1 749 802 -6,7

Ecuador 55 e 51 7,9 410 392 4,5

Paraguay 2 e 3 -35,9 12 13 -5,6

Peru 105 e 101 4,0 821 810 1,4

Uruguay 5 e 5 -3,7 39 38 2,8

Venezuela 10 e 9 11,1 54 111 -51,2

South America 3 346 3 759 -11,0 28 113 29 852 -5,8

Egypt 525 e 605 -13,3 5 148 5 064 1,7

Libya 31 26 19,3 364 253 43,8

South Africa 434 528 -17,8 4 032 4 260 -5,4

Africa 990 1 159 -14,6 9 544 9 577 -0,4

Iran 2 200 e 2 062 6,7 17 188 16 153 6,4

Qatar 229 226 1,1 1 747 1 766 -1,1

Saudi Arabia (1) 440 e 483 -8,8 3 463 3 531 -1,9

United Arab Emirates 286 265 7,9 2 163 2 124 1,8

Middle East 3 155 3 036 3,9 24 561 23 575 4,2

China 87 251 79 834 9,3 664 869 609 362 9,1

India 9 350 e 9 208 1,5 75 697 72 497 4,4

Japan 8 116 8 806 -7,8 67 589 70 193 -3,7

Pakistan 300 e 430 -30,2 2 269 3 380 -32,9

South Korea 5 941 6 101 -2,6 48 428 48 334 0,2

Taiwan, China 1 890 e 1 950 -3,1 15 197 15 351 -1,0

Thailand 415 e 598 -30,6 2 965 4 478 -33,8

Vietnam 1 816 1 402 29,6 13 882 8 848 56,9

Asia 115 078 108 328 6,2 890 896 832 441 7,0

Australia 501 506 -1,1 3 648 3 945 -7,5

New Zealand 60 54 12,1 450 442 1,8

Oceania 561 560 0,2 4 098 4 387 -6,6

Total 64 countries (2) 156 038 150 855 3,4 1 240 286 1 187 772 4,4

steel market 01.2019


6 Short messages

ARCELORMITTAL TO BUILD DEMONSTRATION PLANT

ArcelorMittal has commissioned technology

provider Midrex Technologies to design a demonstration

plant at its Hamburg site to produce steel

with hydrogen. Both companies have now signed

a Framework Collaboration Agreement (FCA) to

cooperate on several projects, ranging from research

and development to the implementation of

new technologies. The FCA will be governed by a

number of Project Development Agreements,

incorporating the expertise of Midrex and Arcelor-

Mittal. The first Project Development Agreement

is to demonstrate in Hamburg the large-scale production

and use of Direct Reduced Iron (DRI) made

with 100% hydrogen as the reductant. In the

coming years, the demonstration plant will produce

about 100,000 tons of direct reduced iron

per year - initially with grey hydrogen sourced

from natural gas. Conversion to green hydrogen

from renewable energy sources will take place

once available in sufficient quantities and at an

economical cost. Energy for hydrogen production

could come from wind farms off the coast of

Northern Germany. The plant will be the world’s

first direct reduction plant on an industrial scale,

powered by hydrogen.

Midrex-signing: At the signing ceremony

in Hamburg (from left to right):

Vincent Chevrier, Todd Astoria and KC Woody

from Midrex with Dominique Vacher,

Dr Uwe Braun and Matthias Schad

from ArcelorMittal.

Copyright: ArcelorMittal

SEVERSTAL INVESTS IN ARCANUM ALLOYS

PAO Severstal has invested in Arcanum

Alloys, Inc., a Michigan-headquartered company

that develops innovative steel-based alloys.

Severstal is the lead investor of the round,

investing approximately six million dollars in

this funding round. Another major investor in

the company is the leading American venture

capital firm Khosla Ventures. Arcanum Alloys,

Inc. has developed a unique technology for the

production of surface optimized diffusion alloys.

With this platform technology, the company is

able to produce a wide variety of products with

enhanced properties. Their first product offers

aesthetic and corrosion properties equivalent to

stainless steel, but with superior formability

and at lower operational and capital costs. These

products are targeted at customers in the

automotive and construction industries as well

as manufacturers of household appliances.

George Gogolev, Head of Severstal Ventures,

commented: »We plan to present to our clients

steel produced using Arcanum Alloys’ technology

on our pilot production at Cherepovets Steel

Mill in 2020.«

SALZGITTER FLACHSTAHL TO REVAMP CONTINUOUS CASTER NO. 1

Salzgitter Flachstahl has commissioned SMS

group to revamp continuous caster No. 1 at its Salzgitter

works. The plant, which was delivered by SMS

group in 1981, is to be fitted with a new machine

head with mold, oscillator, and segment 0. The revamp

is aimed at upgrading the plant with a range

of trendsetting features, including the use of a hydraulic

resonance oscillator and the digital alignment

assistant HD LASr [mold]. The scope of supply covers

the engineering, the delivery of mechatronic components,

the dismantling, and the installation and commissioning

of the new equipment. An innovative

solution will be used for mounting segment 0 in the

machine head. This solution is the result of intensive

and successful cooperation between Salzgitter Flachstahl

and SMS group. The revamp is set to take place

during a scheduled plant shutdown in October 2020.

The four continuous casters at the Salzgitter Flachstahl plant were supplied by SMS group.

Copyright: SMS group, Photo: Salzgitter Flachstahl

steel market 01.2019


Short messages 7

BAOSTEEL ORDERS ADDITIONAL CONTINUOUS SLAB CASTER

Baosteel Zhanjiang, a subsidiary company of

the Chinese corporation Baoshan Iron and Steel Co

Ltd. (Baosteel) placed an order for a continuous slab

caster with Primetals Technologies. The caster, CCM

3, will be set up in the Baosteel production site in

Guangdong Province in South China, where Baosteel

Zhanjiang already operates two slab casters

supplied by Primetals Technologies since late 2015.

CCM 3 has an annual capacity of 2.8 million metric

tons of high-quality, high-strength steel grades. It

will supply slabs for a 1,780 millimeter hot strip

mill, complements the new Zhanjiang facility and

is part of a second phase of site development with

the aim to reach an annual steel plant capacity of

12.35 million metric tons per year. Start-up of the

new casting machine is expected for early 2021.

Baosteel: The additional continuous slab

caster will produce 2.8 million metric tons of

slabs per year for demanding applications.

Copyright: Primetals

QTB PROCESS FOR NUCOR MARION BAR MILL

Following last year’s order for a new 18-stand

rolling mill, Nucor Steel has chosen Danieli to supply

a new Quenching and Self-Tempering system,

to be installed at the same mill in Marion, Ohio. The

Quenching and Self-Tempering process improves

the mechanical properties of deformed bars, in particular

the yield strength, using billets with lower

alloy content. The result is a product with final technological

characteristics equal to or even better

than those obtained by low-alloyed/micro-alloyed

steels. The new system is designed for rolling

speeds up to 13 m/s for single and multi-strand

rebar, and it is controlled by a dedicated stand-alone

system provided by Danieli Automation. Commissioning

is expected in the next few months.

SHANDONG TO INVEST IN BAR MILL LINE

Shandong Laigang Yongfeng Iron & Steel Co.,

Ltd. (Yongfeng) awarded Friedrich KOCKS GmbH

& Co KG, Hilden, Germany, for the supply of a RSB ®

370++/4 in 5.0 design, in conjunction with the

KOCKS Size Control System SCS ® and the 4D EAG-

LE ® profile measuring gauge. The privately owned

Yongfeng Steel Co. Ltd., founded in 2002, is a subsidiary

of Yongfeng Group Co. Ltd. and one of the

major steel producers in Shandong Province. Currently,

Yongfeng produces about 5 million tons of

steel per year with about 6,500 employees. The

brand new bar mill line with an overall capacity of

1 Mio.t/a will be equipped with 22 conti stands in

H/V arrangement and a KOCKS RSB ® 370++/4 and

is designed to produce high quality products and

marks Yongfeng´s entry into the SBQ-market. The

commissioning is scheduled for the second half of

2020.

NUCOR ANNOUNCES MANAGEMENT CHANGES

Nucor Corporation announced that John J.

Ferriola, 67, will retire as Chairman and Chief

Executive Officer (CEO) on December 31, 2019

and that the Board of Directors elected Leon J.

Topalian, 51, to be President and Chief Operating

Officer, and to succeed Mr. Ferriola as CEO on

January 1, 2020, in connection with Nucor‘s

planned succession process. Mr. Ferriola has served

as Chairman since 2014 and as CEO since

2013. Previously, he served as President from

2011 to September 2019, President and Chief

Operating Officer from 2011 to 2012, Chief Operating

Officer of Steelmaking Operations from

2007 to 2010, Executive Vice President from

2002 to 2007, and Vice President from 1996 to

2001. He has also been a director of Nucor since

2011. Mr. Ferriola joined Nucor in 1991 as the

Manager of Maintenance and Engineering at

Nucor Steel-Texas. He later served as General

Manager of Vulcraft-Texas, Nucor Steel-Nebraska

and Nucor Steel-Indiana.

steel market 01.2019


8 Short messages

THYSSENKRUPP RASSELSTEIN TO MODERNIZE TANDEM COLD MILL

Thyssenkrupp Rasselstein GmbH has awarded

SMS group an order covering the modernization of

the oil application system of the tandem cold mill

No. 2. With the modernization, thyssenkrupp Rasselstein

wants to adjust the oil application system

of the tandem cold mill to the continuously increasing

future market requirements regarding product

quality and thus further expand its market position.

At the time of commissioning in 1971, the six-stand

tandem cold mill No. 2 was considered the latest

cold rolling mill of this type in the Federal Republic

of Germany. It already had a high degree of automation

and achieved very good strip qualities at

rolling speeds of up to 2,400 meters per minute.

The modernization is aimed at achieving a high

degree of flexibility regarding the control of various

process-influencing parameters for the production

of state-of-the-art end products. In addition to providing

the required design services and supplying

all mechanical equipment as well as the electrical

and automation systems, the contracted scope of

SMS group and Lux Automation GmbH, a company

The original six-stand tandem cold mill was commissioned 1971.

of SMS group, includes the dismantling of the old

systems as well as the erection and commissioning

of the new equipment. The modernization will be

implemented in two stages of construction. Commissioning

of the second construction phase is

scheduled for 2021.

Copyright: Thyssenkrupp Rasselstein

DILLINGER AND SAARSTAHL LAUNCH JOINT FUTURE-ORIENTED PROGRAM

Saarland’s steel industry is realigning.

»We are doing this in a completely integrated

process at Dillinger and Saarstahl with the

long-term goal of continuing the intergenerational

contract,« said Tim Hartmann, Chairman

of the Board of Management of Dillinger

and Saarstahl.

»We produce premium steels that are among

the best in the world and that are sought by

our customers. At the same time, our costs are

too high when compared with our competitors.

We will be adjusting our structures and processes

accordingly in the coming months. The goal

is double-digit profitability that gives us sufficient

scope for growth investments. In addition,

we are clearly aligning the entire company

in the direction of carbon-free technologies. We

meanwhile expect politicians to provide a fair

competitive framework and sufficient funds in

the short term to implement the transfer process.

We want the most state-of-the-art steel

industry to be here in Saarland.«

The ongoing structural crisis in the global steel

market and the partial economic downturn in

demand in segments such as the automotive

industry and machine manufacturing, as well

as the rising costs of the carbon certification

system, have prompted the company to set up

an integrated strategy process to develop and

implement measures to safeguard the future.

»For the first time, teams of experts from

Saarstahl, Dillinger and SHS have worked

together to develop the strategic goals for the

future,« explained Hartmann. He added: »The

result of the process is clearly defined objectives

and a detailed action plan for the next

few years. We are convinced that this will

enable us to cope with the identified challenges

and to secure our future.«

MINTAL GROUP TO BUILD STAINLESS STEEL PLANT

Mintal Group Co Ltd has announced the

intention to build a ferrochrome & stainless steel

plant in Vietnam at an investment of USD 2 billion.

The first stage involves the creation of stainless

steel production with a capacity of 1.5 million

tons per year. The second stage provides for

an increase in the production of stainless steel

by 1 million tonnes per year and the creation of

ferroalloy production by 1 million tonnes per

year.

Through the collaboration with Metaltubi (Eusider

group), Marcegaglia Specialties supplies a

share of the 6,000 tons of stainless steel tubes

used to make the plant’s collectors. The tubes are

supplied to Rioglass Solar, which reworks and

covers them with several layers of materials that

absorb solar radiation, then they are encapsulated

within other larger glass tubes.

steel market 01.2019


Short messages 9

AIRBUS FORCASTS THE NEED FOR OVER 39,000 NEW AIRCRAFT

The global passenger and freighter aircraft

fleet is set to more than double from today’s

nearly 23,000 to almost 48,000 by 2038 with

traffic growing at 4.3% annually, also resulting

in a need for 550,000 new pilots and 640,000

new technicians. These are some results of the

Global Market Forecast 2019-2038 recently published

by Airbus.

By 2038, of the forecast 47,680 fleet, 39,210 will

be new and 8,470 will remain from today. By

updating fleets with latest generation fuel-efficient

aircraft such as the A220, the A320neo

Family, the A330neo and the A350, Airbus believes

it will largely contribute to the progressive

decarbonisation of the air transport industry and

the objective of carbon neutral growth from

2020 while connecting more people globally.

Reflecting today’s evolving aircraft technology,

Airbus has simplified its segmentation to consider

capacity, range and mission type. For example,

a short haul A321 is Small while the long-haul

A321LR or XLR can be categorised as Medium.

The new segmentation gives rise to a need for

39,210 new passenger and freighter aircraft –

29,720 Small, 5,370 Medium and 4,120 Large. Of

these, 25,000 aircraft are for growth and 14,210

are to replace older models with newer ones

offering superior efficiency.

The new production facilities in Hamburg.

Resilient to economic shocks, air traffic has more

than doubled since 2000. It is increasingly playing

a key role in connecting large population

centres, particularly in emerging markets where

the propensity to travel is amongst the world’s

highest as cost or geography make alternatives

impossible. Developments in superior fuel efficiency

are further driving demand to replace

existing less fuel-efficient aircraft.»The 4%

annual growth reflects the resilient nature of

aviation, weathering short term economic shocks

and geo-political disturbances. Economies thrive

on air transportation. People and goods want to

connect,« said Christian Scherer, Airbus Chief

Commercial Officer and Head of Airbus International.


Copyright: Airbus

MARCEGAGLIA TO SUPPLY 6,000 TONS OF TUBES

Marcegaglia Specialties contributes to

the construction of the largest single site CSP

(Concentrating Solar Power) plant in the world.

This is the Noor Energy 1 Project, the fourth

phase of development of the Mohammed Bin

Rashid Al Maktoum Solar park in Dubai, United

Arab Emirates. The project, with a total cost of

USD 3.9 billion, includes 700 MW from CSP

technologies and 250 MW of photovoltaic

power generation. Once completed, it will provide

clean energy to more than 320,000 homes

in Dubai, reducing carbon emissions by 1.6

million tons per year.

Developed by Acwa Power in close cooperation

with DEWA (Dubai Electricity & Water Authority),

Shanghai Electric Group Corporation as EPC and

Abengoa Energía as solar field technology provider,

the system will use Rioglass Solar technology

with linear parabolic collectors that concentrate

sunbeams in receiving tubes linearly

developed and positioned in its focus. The collectors

are designed to follow the motion of the sun

along an axis, which moves in a north-south

direction.

SCHMOLZ + BICKENBACH ADJUSTS GUIDANCE

Schmolz + Bickenbach has lowered its earnings

forecast for the 2019 financial year on the

basis of the preliminary figures for the first eight

months of 2019 available at the end of August. The

company is now forecasting adjusted EBITDA of

between EUR 70 million and EUR 100 million.

Demand for steel weakened further during the

third quarter due to political uncertainties and

escalating trade conflicts. The order backlog continued

to decline, as subdued demand from automotive

was aggravated by softening orders from

mechanical engineering. This is triggering a more

pessimistic outlook. Subsequent to the deteriorated

results and outlook, Schmolz + Bickenbach is reviewing

the value-in-use of its operating assets.

steel market 01.2019


10 Short messages

MANNESMANN TO SUPPLY PIPES FOR GAS PIPELINE

Salzgitter Mannesmann International GmbH

(SMID) has been awarded a major order in Denmark.

Salzgitter Group subsidiaries and associate

companies will produce and supply around 30,000

t of steel pipes and 90 steel pipe bends for the

Baltic Pipe Project. This is an important European

gas infrastructure project which will see Norwegian

natural gas piped via Denmark to Poland. The

EU is providing financial support for this project

aimed at diversifying the European gas market.

The pipes will be manufactured by Mannesmann

Grossrohr (approx. 24,000 t) and EUROPIPE

(approx. 6,000 t), with the bends being produced

by Salzgitter Mannesmann Grobblech. The input

material including slabs for the production of

sheet and hot rolled coils will be supplied by other

Salzgitter Group subsidiaries and associate companies.

Salzgitter Mannesmann International GmbH will

be responsible for the entire project coordination

from preparation of offer through to execution of

the order. The company will also safeguard the

entire supply chain and collaborate with prominent

financial service providers.

The pipes will be stored at 24 different places.

Between January and March 2020 Salzgitter Mannesmann

International will ship pipes and bends

to customer Energinet for Lot 2 of the project.

Together with its road, rail and marine shipping

partners, SMID will be responsible for the comprehensive

project logistics including delivering and

stacking pipes and bends at 24 different storage

areas along the route of the pipeline.

Copyright: Salzgitter AG

JACQUET METAL SERVICE: SALES DOWN

Jacquet Metal Service reported sales in the

first half of 2019 of EUR 884 million (-3.8%; Q2:

-6.1%). EBITDA was EUR 47 million (Q2: EUR 23

million) or 5.3 % of sales (Q2: 5.5%). Net income

(Group share) was EUR 18 million. »Market conditions

are not expected to improve in Q3 2019

and sales are expected to fall significantly compared

to Q3 2018,« the company states. In this

context, the Group will focus on controlling working

capital requirements and operating costs

while keeping an eye out for acquisition opportunities

arising from current economic conditions.

In accordance with IFRS 5 – Assets held for

sale, the contribution of Abraservice is not included

in the sales and operating income of the

Group. For the sake of comparison with 2019

figures, 2018 financial statements have been

restated by removing the results of the Abraservice

group, currently under disposal, and the

results of businesses sold in 2018 (proforma data

»PF«).

ABB DIGITAL SOLUTION ELIMINATES NEEDLESS MAINTENANCE

ABB has launched a scalable, digital application

that gives metals producers a complete

overview of their production assets’ health, helping

to avoid excess maintenance, prevent

unnecessary exposure to hazardous areas and

speed up repairs.

The solution – ABB Ability Asset Vista Condition

Monitoring for metals – quickly gathers previously

disparate data from a variety of production

equipment such as motors, switchgears, gearboxes,

valves, switches and sensors. The data is then

presented via user-friendly dashboards to operations,

automation and maintenance personnel,

ensuring smooth joint working and integration.

Highly scalable, it is particularly quick and easy to

implement at plants already using a wide range

of distributed control systems, including ABB’s

market-leading ABB Ability System 800xA. »Our

goal with ABB Ability Asset Vista is to break down

information silos between operations, automation

and maintenance personnel, helping metals industry

customers define a thorough predictive maintenance

strategy,« says Tarun Mathur, Global

Product Manager for Metals Digital at ABB.

steel market 01.2019


Short messages 11

NEW-CAR DEMAND IN THE EU IS DOWN

According to the European Automobile

Manufacturers Association in July 2019,

demand for new passenger cars increased by

1.4%, with almost 1.3 million units registered

across the European Union. Looking at the five

big Western European markets, Germany was

the only major car market to post positive

results (+4.7%). The region-wide increase was

largely supported by the Central European

countries, where registrations went up 13.4%

in July.

During the month of August, the EU passenger

car market contracted by 8.4%. This is mainly

the result of the high base of comparison, as

August 2018 saw exceptional growth

(+31.2%) ahead of the introduction of the new

WLTP emissions test on 1 September 2018. The

top five EU markets all recorded decreases,

with the strongest drops in Spain (-30.8%) and

France (-14.1%).

Over the first eight months of 2019, new-car

demand in the EU went down by 3.2% compared

The number of new cars in Europe is declining.

to the same period last year, counting 10.5 million

registrations in total. Germany (+0.9%) posted a

slightly positive result so far this year, but the other

major EU car markets saw demand falling.

Copyright: Pixabay

MAJOR ORDER FOR VALLOUREC

Vallourec has been awarded a contract by

Abu Dhabi National Oil Company for the supply

of tubing and casing, over a five year period,

with a possible 2-year extension, for an

amount of USD 900 million. It covers a full

range of products, from standard API to high

end premium OCTG for both onshore and

offshore oilfields, and conventional to complex

wells. In addition, Vallourec will supply a large

range of »from mill to rig« services as part of

its new »Vallourec.smart services offer«. This

award represents one of the largest awards

received by Vallourec to supply international

markets. Edouard Guinotte, Senior Vice President

Middle-East/Asia, said: »We are delighted

that ADNOC, the national oil company of Abu

Dhabi and one of our key Group customers, has

renewed its confidence to Vallourec by awarding

this contract and enabling Vallourec to

accompany ADNOC in its long term strategy.

We will contribute to ADNOC‘s In-Country

Value Program. Our successful track records in

Quality, Health & Safety, and Environment

have been decisive. This contract is a new

milestone in our longstanding relationship

with ADNOC, to whom Vallourec will provide

added value, with increased flexibility and

technical expertise included within our new

services and digital offer Vallourec.smart.«

Tubing and casing will be supplied from Vallourec‘s

mills in Europe, South America and

China. Deliveries are expected to start from

the second half of 2020.

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING GERMANY: ORDER INTAKE DOWN

The order situation in the mechanical

engineering sector continues to deteriorate. In

August 2019, German mechanical engineering

companies booked 17 percent fewer orders in real

terms than in the previous year. Domestic orders

fell by 12 percent and foreign orders by 19 percent.

»As feared, the previous months were only a breather

with single-digit minus rates. The ifo business

export expectations show that mechanical

engineering companies continue to be pessimistic

regarding the economic and political risks,« explained

VDMA economic expert Olaf Wortmann. In

the month under review, 14 percent fewer orders

came from the euro zone and 21 percent fewer

from non-euro countries. In a three-month comparison

from June to August 2019, orders were

8 percent lower in real terms than in the previous

year. Domestic orders fell by 11 percent,

while foreign orders were down 7 percent.

Orders from euro countries fell by 6 percent,

orders from non-euro countries by 7 percent.

steel market 01.2019


12 UK & Northern Europe

Levelling the playing field

Economists: Outlook for British metal industry »very high risk«

Brexit dominates the headlines and darkens the outlook for the British economy. What can European business

partners expect? In an interview with Steel Market European Edition, two experts of the international credit

insurer Coface talk about the prospects. Christine von Berg, economist for the Northern European region, and

Khalid Ait-Yahia, industry analyst for steel, assess the situation.

Steel Market (SM): Brexit has darkened

the outlook for the British industry. How

do you asses the prospects for the industry

in general and the steel industry in

particular?

Coface: Our outlook for the British industry

is very bad. Since 2017, the investments

in machinery and equipment were negative

compared to the year before (average 2010

– 2015: +4.1%, change year-over-year).

The sentiment of British manufacturing

companies is decreasing, especially since

late spring 2019 when Theresa May resigned

as Prime Minister and the probability

of a no-deal Brexit increased. The yearly

growth rate of production in the manufacturing

sector has been in the negative since

October 2018. The only months when we

had a peak were February and March 2019,

but only because the producers wanted to

fill their stocks before Brexit is realized. Since

then, the yearly growth rate has been

negative again.

As a result, insolvencies picked up since

2018. In the first half of 2019, insolvencies

in manufacturing were 9% higher than the

first half of 2018. The situation for the steel

industry is even worse. There is a general

weakness of the car industry in Western

Europe due to several problems with emission

standards/decreasing demand/uncertainty

regarding future mobility concepts. On

top of this, several car producers have left

the UK or reduced their production (because

of cross-border supply chain disruptions),

which is hurting the steel industry.

The British car industry is foreign-owned,

and decisions are made abroad. For example,

MINI is a subsidiary of the BMW group.

Moreover, the weakness of the construction

sector is weighing on the steel sector. This all

resulted in an increase of insolvencies of

Christine von Berg and Khalid Ait-Yahia are not very optimistic for the British industry.

31% year-over-year in the first half of 2019. partner, 4.4% of exports; USD 66.5 million

Therefore, our outlook for the British metal - the British steel industry is affected by US

industry is »very high risk«.

tariffs. But US steelmakers are on the verge

of developing new greenfield projects as

SM: The problems seem overwhelming. their market is now protected from imports.

Are there also rays of hope?

Additionally, the competition with Japanese

Coface: In the first quarter of 2019, some steel products is very strong as their quality

high value-added steel producers were better is very high. Therefore, the market could be

at protecting their margin. As in every crisis, overcrowded for British steelmakers. Furthermore,

in the case of the Brexit, there will be

the pressure on the companies to change

their business models, to develop new, more tariffs from the EU on steel and aluminum,

efficient or sustainable products is high. So, if too. As the other TOP 10 export partners of

the companies survive this weakness, they the British steel industry are almost all EU

will be better in their standing in the global countries, it is not likely that the trade agreement

with the US alone could save the Bri-

market. This outcome is highly dependent on

the ability to generate enough cash while tish steel industry.

managing a very difficult market.

SM: What do you see being the greatest

SM: Could a trade agreement with the risks to the British steel industry?

US save the British steel industry? Coface: The British steel industry, while

Coface: A trade agreement with the US being declared ‘vital’ by the British Government,

cannot compete with its European

could help the British steel industry, depending

on the terms and conditions. As the peers, notably those from Germany or France.

This is due to political support in these

United States is a main partner for steel

exports - 2nd partner, 9% of exports; USD countries. The British steel industry is evolving

in a landscape impacted by higher 445 million - and aluminum exports - 5 th cost,

Copyright: Coface

steel market 01.2019


UK & Northern Europe 13

notably energy and environment-related

ones, particularly emissions. One must ask if

the future of the industry is on the top of the

Government’s agenda with the growing

political uncertainty related to Brexit.

The industry is outcompeted by actors that

are better prepared to cope with a sluggish

market with a more efficient plant, a better

portfolio of products, a highly integrated

supply chain, and so on. The fact that big

British plants such as Port Talbot are under

the constant threat of closing reminds us

that the industry needs an overhaul.

SM: What effects do you expect for the

German/European steel industry?

Coface: The effects will be noticeable but

manageable. In the case of Germany, the relevance

of the United Kingdom as a trading

partner has diminished in the past decades,

but especially in the last years. On the export

side, the UK ranks 13 th (2.9% of exports) for

iron and steel and is in the top 10 for steel

products (equals 4.2% of all German steel

exports). On the import side, the UK ranks 15 th

for iron and steel as well as for steel products

(both 1.8% of the import share). Here, the

effect of Brexit should be less significant. As

the steel market is suffering from overcapacities,

it would be easier to replace the absent

supply by other trading partners. Additionally,

the demand from German manufacturing is

decreasing - e.g. from automotive and the

machinery sector - so that, if we disregard

highly specialized steel products, the supply

from the UK is no longer needed as much.

SM: What consequences do you expect

for British branches of German steel traders?

Coface: Brexit does not mean that there

won’t be any steel trade between the UK

and Germany anymore. It means that delivery

times will be longer due to customs

control, that the prices will go up due to

tariffs and that regulations may change. In

comparison to UK steel traders, German traders

will lose a lot of their competitiveness,

except for their product-competitiveness. If

the quality or specifications are unique, the

loss in competitiveness will be limited.

SM: How can German and European trading

partners and customers arm themselves

against these risks?

CofaceIndustry: UK steelmakers need funds to invest in their plants and in research to cope

with competition.

Coface: They have already done so by changing

their supply-chains and export partners.

Over the last four years, the growth rates of

exports and imports between the UK and

Germany have decreased, but this dynamic

severed between 2017 and 2018, with a

continuing tendency in 2019. Instead of the

UK, other countries, especially from the EU

(due to the customs union), can win from

this change in trading structures. For example,

exports of steel and iron products to Sweden

increased by 24% between 2017 and

2018, boosting the export share to Sweden

up to 3.4%, 11 th in Europe, right behind the

UK.

SM: What can European politicians do to

mitigate the consequences for the steel

industry?

Coface: Brexit, in whatever form, will hurt

the European steel market. Even if Brexit will

not be realized, the uncertainty around it is

hurting the economy. European politicians

can work towards a decision so that the

uncertainty diminishes (even if the decision

is a no-deal Brexit) because the uncertainty

is delaying many investment decisions on the

continent. Additionally, politicians can work

on the demand side and decide on a European

concept of automotive mobility, so that

a coordinated European infrastructure can

be built and customers and producers have

more security about which technology will

be used in the future. This would support the

demand for automobiles and therefore help

the steel industry as well.

SM: What is your long-term expectation

of the British steel industry?

Coface: As explained above, the short term

outlook is not that positive. In the long term,

this industry must reinvent itself with the

help of the public authorities, notably by not

burdening it with extra-costs. Being in the

European Union helped the industry. However,

the exit could damage the industry and

the whole supply chain. UK steelmakers

need funds to invest in their plants and in

research to cope with competition. The Chinese

authorities are forcing their steelmakers

to produce better steel while closing inefficient

plants. Japanese and Korean steelmakers

are providing higher grade products. In

Europe, Austria with Voestalpine is doing the

same. There are good examples to follow,

but the key unknown is the commitment of

British authorities in providing UK steelmakers

with a level playing field.

Copyright: Tata Steel

steel market 01.2019


14 UK & Northern Europe

»Perfect storm of factors«

Make UK and BDO: All indicators have weakend significantly

Britain’s manufacturers are firmly in a nosedive as the perfect storm of Brexit uncertainty, slowdown in major

markets and trade wars takes its toll according to a major survey published by Make UK, The Manufacturers’

Organisation and business advisory firm BDO LLP. The Q3 Manufacturing Outlook survey comes on the back of the

latest PMI data and shows all indicators have weakened significantly, with investment and domestic orders in

particular turning negative.

The survey also shows that a weaker

currency is providing no solace, contrary to

claims from some politicians and commentators,

with export orders down despite

prices falling. This indicates that foreign

customers are not buying British goods even

though they are 6 % cheaper than this time

last year.

Commenting, Seamus Nevin, Chief Economist

at Make UK, said: »Industry is facing

a perfect storm of factors, compounded by

a hard Brexit which could not be coming at

a worse possible time. In normal circumstances

a global slowdown on its own would be

enough, but add trade wars and the biggest

shock to our economy since the War and

there seems little doubt that, barring a

remarkable turnaround, the sector may be

heading for recession.«

Tom Lawton, Head of Manufacturing at

BDO, said: »Global competition, skills shortages,

lack of a coherent industrial strategy

from government and continuing technological

disruption has made UK manufacturing

a challenging sector for decades. The long

shadow cast by the possibilities of a no deal

Brexit and the uncertainty of recent months

has only added to the difficulties for the sector.

A cliff-edge decision on a deal or no-deal

Brexit will mean a double whammy of continuing

weaker demand for products and fundamental

disruption to supply chains. The

impact on supply chains will be particularly

felt in the UK automotive sector where car

parts are sourced from different European

countries and delivered on a just in time basis

before being finally assembled in the UK.

Already suffering from a fall in output for

14 successive months, car assembly – the

jewel in the crown of UK manufacturing –

All indicators have weakened significantly.

would be particularly hit hard by a no-deal

Brexit. The Government must strain every

sinew to reach a Brexit deal that protects UK

manufacturing.«

According to the survey, the total order

balance, whilst only just remaining in the

positive, fell to +2% in Q3 (down from +8%

in Q2 and +16 % in Q1) indicating the significant

rate of weakening which has taken

place since the start of the year. According

to Make UK, following the current trend it

will almost certainly turn negative in the final

quarter of the year, barring a remarkable

turnaround in the economy.

Output also fell significantly, down to

+4% from +17 % in Q2, indicating there is

little, if any, evidence that stockpiling is building.

This is leaving companies far less prepared

for a no deal situation compared to

earlier this year. After two quarters where

they were below domestic orders, export

orders (+6%) have returned to a level above

domestic orders which have turned negative

at -6%. Such significant weakening cannot

be explained by the poorer global outlook

alone, especially as UK and export prices are

down by 8% and 6% respectively since this

time last year.

With this harsh outlook it is not surprising

that both investment and recruitment intentions

have also weakened significantly. Recruitment

has continued the decline witnessed

for the last four quarters (six if we discount

the annual increase that came in the

Q4 Christmas season last year). Furthermore,

investment intentions, which have been

paralysed for the last year, have now entered

negative territory for the first time since Q3

2016 (the immediate aftermath of the Brexit

referendum).

Copyright: Pixabay

steel market 01.2019


UK & Northern Europe 15

Unsurprisingly, therefore, both firm level and

UK economy level confidence have fallen

significantly this quarter with the level of

confidence in the overall economy down by

almost a half versus the last quarter. As a

result of this weakening picture, Make UK is

now forecasting manufacturing growth of

just 0.1 % in 2019 (down from 0.2 %) and

an anaemic 0.6 % in 2020 (down from 0.8

). GDP is forecast at 1.1 % in 2019 and 1.4

% in 2020. (All these forecasts are based on

avoiding a no deal).

The survey of 292 companies ran from 31

July to 21 August. Make UK, The Manufacturers’

Organisation, is the representative

voice of UK manufacturing, with offices in

London, Brussels, every English region and

Wales. Accountancy and business advisory

firm BDO LLP provides integrated advice and

solutions to help businesses navigate a changing

world.

NUCLEAR BOOST POWERS ALLOY WIRE’S EXPANSION

Supplying high performance nickel alloy

wire to fuel the growth in nuclear power is

helping a UK manufacturer expand. Alloy

Wire International (AWI) has seen a 10%

surge in orders for its specialist wire, which

is being used within components for the sector

and critical seals and springs found in

many of the world’s largest reactors.

Employing 31 people across sites in the

West Midlands and Yorkshire, the company

is on course to hit GBP one million of sales

for this industry for the first time in 73 years

and the management team believe its ability

to fulfil orders in three weeks is a big factor

in this increase.

It also pointed to the way a lot of the

nickel alloy wire in its range can be treated

with a special process that can offer the critical

performance required to operate in one

of the most demanding business arenas in

the world.

»We have been supplying to this sector

for a long time and our track record for

manufacturing quality is well known with

EAST OF ENGLAND EXPANSION FOR ENERMECH

EnerMech has plans to extend its footprint

in the east of England and has appointed

its first general manager for the region.

Laz Koszeghy joined the mechanical, electrical

and instrumentation services specialist

from BHGE where he held senior global operations

and M&A positions in the company’s

subsea services division and previously he had

operational roles in the US, Norway and Hungary,

in energy and infrastructure businesses.

Already well established in the offshore

sector in the Southern North Sea, EnerMech

currently employs around 30 people in Great

Yarmouth where it has workshop,

warehouse and training facilities. The

Aberdeen-headquartered company has

customers in both the UK and overseas,«

explained Mark Venables, Managing Director

of Alloy Wire International. »The last

nine months have definitely been our

identified a range of onshore opportunities

in the renewables, nuclear, power, chemical

and industrial sectors and is positioned for

further growth in the Eastern England region.

Established 11 years ago, EnerMech

employs 3,500 staff across 40 locations in

the UK, Norway, the Middle East, Caspian,

Asia, Africa, Australia and Americas, working

across the oil and gas, LNG, renewables,

defence, power, infrastructure and

petrochemicals sectors.

busiest time to date and we are supplying

wire that is going into both existing plants

and also new projects taking shape across

the globe.«

Alloy Wire International is one of the UK’s leading manufacturers of round, flat and profile wire.

Laz Koszeghy,

General Manager East of England, EnerMech

Copyright: EnerMech Copyright: Alloy Wire International

steel market 01.2019


16 UK & Northern Europe

»We are not pulling up the drawbridge«

MTA: Chances and challenges for the British industry

Economists and politicians forecast a dark future for the British industry. What does the manufacturing industry

in the United Kingdom think? How are the contacts with European companies and associations? Steel Market

European Edition spoke to Paul O’Donnell, Head of External Affairs of the Manufacturing Technologies Association

(MTA), about chances and challenges for the British industry.

Steel Market (SM): Brexit, global trade

wars, global overcapacities in steel production,

weakening automotive industry,

political standstill in Great Britain:

some economists and politicians

forecast the downfall of the British

industry. What is your answer to these

reports?

Paul O’Donnell (PO): Firms across the world

are facing challenges like trade wars as we

come to terms with the impact of thirty years

of rapid globalisation. In Britain we have the

additional political risk of Brexit which adds

a further level of uncertainty to our economic

outlook. The MTA firmly supports as

close a relationship as possible with the EU

which is by far our largest trading partner. If

a deal can be reached then we should be

well placed to respond to the bigger global

changes that are really shaping the economic

environment.

SM: How do you assess the outlook for

the British industry in general and the

manufacturing industry in particular?

PO: British industry could be well placed to

lead as manufacturing becomes more and

more knowledge intensive. Our world leading

Universities are a major strength and

are driving innovation in industries like

aerospace and pharma. Where we have

been less good is in ensuring the production

elements of the manufacturing process are

located in Britain. As production becomes

more automated some of the cost drivers

that pushed production overseas are disappearing

and there is potential to keep production

close to innovation.

SM: The manufacturing industry is globally

cross-linked. What does the Brexit

mean for the international supply chain?

Paul O’Donnell, Head of External Affairs of

the Manufacturing Technologies Association:

»The UK is a relatively cost effective place to

manufacture.«

PO: Brexit will mean different things in different

sectors. It is no secret that sectors with

significant tariffs in place will have a challenge

to demonstrate the continued viability of

manufacturing in the UK, especially for subsequent

export. Brexit could have substantial

effect here.

SM: Don’t you fear that many global

players will withdraw from UK and shift

production units to the Continent?

PO: The UK is a relatively cost effective place

to manufacture and will remain so for most

sectors. There are lots of reasons that companies

have located in the UK, from the language

to the ease of doing business. Most

of that will not change post Brexit.

SM: Communication on the political side

is more or less eroded. Are you in close

contact with your European colleagues

and partner associations?

Copyright: MTA

PO: Yes, we are in very close contact with

our friends and partners across Europe. The

MTA will be remaining in membership of all

the representative bodies that it is currently

in across the continent. This may become

even more important as the UK Government

loses connections that it has had for years.

SM: How do you expect cooperation

between British and European companies

will develop?

PO: At a company level a lot of cooperation

will continue. British business is very clear

that we are not pulling up the drawbridge.

SM: Does this situation also create unexpected

chances?

PO: The developing situation may prompt

companies to think more creatively about

opening up new markets and developing

new products and services.

SM: Different topic: What about the

digitalisation of the British manufacturing

industry?

PO: Digitalisation is probably the hottest topic

in manufacturing right now. The 2017 Made

Smarter Report put the opportunities created

by digital adoption for manufacturing at GBP

455 billion over ten years with 175,000 jobs

being created and as much as a 4.5% cut in

our carbon emissions. There is a lot of research

taking place at universities and institutions

like the High Value Manufacturing Catapult

that is looking at cutting edge applications,

but it may well prove that some of the

biggest gains are to be had in helping SMEs

to adopt digital solutions that are already proven.

There is a pilot scheme in the North West

of England under the Made Smarter initiative

that is looking to do just that, and we anticipate

it being rolled out nationwide.

steel market 01.2019


UK & Northern Europe 17

Copyright: Pixabay.

World leading universities like Oxford are a major strength and are driving innovation in industries like aerospace and pharma.

SM: More and more production companies

are cooperating with software companies.

Does this trend also play a role

in the British manufacturing industry?

PO: Software is routinely embedded in all sorts

of machinery, it is part of its make up. What is

interesting is that software thinking and way

of working are entering mainstream manufacturing.

Some of the most innovative young

companies we have seen recently are taking a

software focussed, start-up, approach and

deploying it to manufacturing sectors. This is

an area where the UK, which hosts Europe’s

largest Tech sector, could have an advantage.

SM: What role does additive manufacturing

play?

PO: Additive has developed beyond prototyping

into a production technology in a

number of sectors, from medical to

autosport, and more and more are exploring

its potential. One fascinating area is how it

is challenging design concepts. To realise the

achievable gains, the production technology,

additive, must be considered from the outset.

Additive parts can look very different

from more conventionally manufactured

ones – and that opens up the potential for

big improvements.

SM: Where do you see further developments

for the coming years?

PO: We believe that digital technologies

will play an ever increasing role in manufacturing,

making up more and more of the

value proposition of a wide range of products.

Thinking digital first will unlock new

ways of making things and indeed new

products – and services – for manufacturers

to deliver to their customers. It’s a

really exciting time to be in manufacturing

and we’re optimistic about its future in the

UK and worldwide.

CEO REICHMANN LEAVES BRITISH STEEL

Shortly after the Official Receiver had

started negotiations with the new investor,

CEO Gerald Reichmann announced his

departure from British Steel. »We are assisting

the preferred bidder for British Steel to

complete their due diligence and confirm its

sale. The departure of the Chief Executive

does not impact upon this process«, commented

the Official Receiver. Reichmann was

appointed CEO in April of this year. He joined

the company two years ago and previously

served as its Chief Financial Officer and

Deputy CEO.

Only a few weeks ago the Official Receiver

said: »Following discussions with a number of

potential purchasers for the British Steel group

over the past few weeks I am pleased to say I

have now received an acceptable offer from

Ataer Holdings A.S. for the purchase of the

whole business and I am now focusing on

finalising the sale. I will be looking to conclude

this process in the coming weeks, during

which time British Steel continues to trade and

supply its customers as normal. I would like to

thank all employees, suppliers and customers

for their continued support which has been

essential to get to this point.«

KLOECKNER UK INCREASES ITS WATER JET CUTTING CAPACITY

Kloeckner Metals UK has commissioned

a second Water Jet machine to accommodate

growing customer demand. Investment in

the Water Jet Sweden Premium Model NCP

4020 Multi Head Water Jet cutter will allow

the company to significantly expand the

capacities and help to meet the wider range

of 2D cutting requirements.

»The major advantage of water jet cutting is

that no heat is transferred into the component

through the cutting jet, meaning there is no

heat-affected zone (HAZ) and no metallurgical

changes in the processed material. Water jet

cutting allows efficient production, high component

accuracy and excellent surface quality

at the cut edge. What’s more, with water jet

cutting no pollutants are created during the

cutting process so it is also environmentally

friendly«, according to the company.

»The new machine will allow cutting a

range of Stainless Steel materials, whilst

achieving close machined tolerances and

delivering the high-quality products Kloeckner

is known for.«

steel market 01.2019


18 UK & Northern Europe

TATA STEEL EUROPE TO SELL AND TO CLOSE OPERATIONS

Copyright: Tata Steel Europe

Tata Steel Europe has announced the

outcome of a sales process for non-core

business units. The company announced in

May 2018 the potential sale of five non-core

businesses, enabling it to strengthen its

focus on its strategic markets. Buyers have

been found for Kalzip and Firsteel, helping

to secure 275 jobs.

One of the five non-core businesses was

Cogent Electrical Steels, which is made up

of Orb Electrical Steels, in Newport, South

Wales, Cogent Power Inc, in Burlington,

Canada und Surahammars Bruks AB, in

Surahammar, Sweden. Tata Steel has signed

Tata Steel Europe has sold some operations and will close others.

a sales and purchase agreement for Cogent

Power Inc (CPI), with Japanese steel giant JFE

Shoji Trade Corporation. CPI manufactures

cores for electrical distribution transformers

and employs nearly 300 people.

Tata Steel has also decided to retain Surahammars

Bruks AB, which makes advanced

steels for electric vehicles and employs

around 100 people. However, despite exploring

all options, Tata Steel has been unable

to find a way forward for Orb Electrical

Steels and so proposes to close the site, with

the potential loss of up to 380 jobs. Henrik

Adam, CEO of Tata Steel’s European operations,

said: »We have been able to secure

the future for almost 400 colleagues in CPI

and Surahammars Bruks. However, today’s

proposal will be sad news for colleagues at

Orb in South Wales. This is necessary, enabling

us to focus our resources, including

investment, on our core business and markets,

helping us build a long-term sustainable

future in Europe.«

The Orb Electrical Steels business has been

loss-making for several years as it struggled

to compete in the fast-moving market to

supply steels used in electricity transformers

in which customer requirements have

out-stripped the site’s capability. Converting

the site to create steels for future electric

vehicle production would cost in excess of

GBP 50 million in a highly competitive market

where Tata Steel faces higher-volume

competitors both in Europe and globally.

In addition, Tata Steel has been unable to

find a buyer for Wolverhampton Engineering

Steels Service Centre, in the UK, and proposes

to close it, potentially affecting up to 26

jobs, including a sales office in Bolton.

WOOD SECURES CONTRACT EXTENSION

Wood has been awarded a contract

extension for engineering, construction

and maintenance services on TAQA’s North

Sea assets. Effective immediately, the

18-month extension builds on a previous

agreement covering the Cormorant Alpha,

Eider, Tern, North Cormorant and subsequently

Harding offshore assets, and will

see Wood’s activities continue to support

these installations.

The work will be delivered by Wood’s

Aberdeen-based operations and engineering

teams, with construction and maintenance

operatives working offshore. Dave

Stewart, CEO of Wood’s Asset Solutions

business in Europe, Africa, Asia & Australia,

comments: »We are delighted to continue

our long-standing relationship with TAQA

having first partnered with them to support

these North Sea assets over a decade

ago.«

SANDVIK TO INVEST IN ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING

Sandvik has acquired a 30% stake in privately

owned Italian company Beam IT, a provider

of metal Additive Manufacturing (AM)

services and advanced end-use components.

»The investment in Beam IT will complement

our existing offer in Additive Manufacturing.

It is also in line with Sandvik’s strategic ambition

to become a leading solution provider for

the wider component manufacturing industry,«

says Lars Bergström, President of Sandvik

Machining Solutions.

Beam IT is a trusted supplier of metal AM

end-components to demanding industries,

including automotive, energy and aerospace,

and holds several relevant quality certifications

to serve these industries. The company

has more than 20 years of experience within

Additive Manufacturing (AM) and has more

than 20 Powder Bed Fusion printers installed.

»The AM sector is developing fast and there is

a need for AM-specialist-partners with the

advanced skills and resources required to help

industrial customers develop and launch their

AM programs. With this investment we provide

our customers with the opportunity to access the

complementary and combined power of Sandvik

and Beam IT,« says Kristian Egeberg, President of

the Additive Manufacturing division in Sandvik.

In 2018, Beam IT generated revenues of

about 70 million SEK, with its 38 employees.

Sandvik has the right to further increase its

stake over time. The parties have agreed not

to disclose the purchase price.

steel market 01.2019


UK & Northern Europe 19

STEELTEC STRENGTHENS SALES OPERATIONS IN SCANDINAVIA

Bright steel producer Steeltec has restructured

its Scandinavian sales operations.

The sales team is now headed by the

sales managers Johan Thyni in Boxholm,

Sweden and Brian Nielsen in Nørresundby,

Denmark. Steeltec – a company of the

SCHMOLZ + BICKENBACH Group – has

enhanced its two north European sites and

has optimized the quality of its regional

technical consulting and service capabilities.

As a result, Steeltec has further improved

the speed and reliability with which it

supplies its bright steel products. The two

north European sites are Steeltec’s link between

the company’s bright steel production

facilities in Germany and Switzerland

and its customer base in the Scandinavian

market.

»With the restructuring of its Scandinavian

sales offices, Steeltec is now more

than ever able to offer customers the optimum

bright steel solution for their needs,«

the company states. Products are either

dispatched from warehouse stock held in

Boxholm, Sweden or, in the case of large

quantities, are shipped directly from Steeltec’s

production sites. Products supplied

from Boxholm are also cut to length and

Brian Nielsen

Johan Thyni

chamfered. Steeltec’s reliable, rapid and

flexible product delivery is always preceded

by comprehensive technical advisory services

provided by Steeltec engineers.

»No other steel provider can do what we

do and process an order for several tons of

steel and ship it directly from the steelworks

to the customer within two days,«

says Sales Manager Brian Nielsen, explaining

the capabilities of Steeltec’s Danish

operations. That sort of response time

applies to standard free-cutting steels with

and without added lead and to S355+C.

Brian Nielsen’s Swedish colleague Johan

Thyni adds: »We deliver customer- and

application-specific special steel solutions

backed by locally based, premium-quality

customer services.«

Copyright (2): Steeltec

SSAB TO ACQUIRE ABRASERVICE

SSAB has entered into an agreement

to acquire Abraservice Holding, which

provides wear parts and complete solutions

in quenched and tempered steels

(Q&T). Abraservice is currently part of the

French-owned Jacquet Metal Service

Group. Abraservice had net sales of

around SEK 800 million in 2018. The

acquisition supports SSAB’s strategic target

of global leadership in Q&T and

advanced high-strength steels as well as

providing leading value-added services.

Subject to approval of the relevant regulatory

authorities, the transaction is

expected to close in the second half of

2019.

»The Abraservice network is well

aligned with SSAB Services strategy of

providing products and services to machine

builders and the aftermarket business.

The acquisition will help us to further

improve our direct relationship with

customers and end-users, as well as

address new market segments. The workforce

of Abraservice has recognized experience

and the skills of local management

and employees will combine with SSAB

in an excellent way«, says Gregoire Parenty,

Head of SSAB Services.

The acquisition of Abraservice provides

SSAB with the unique opportunity to

extend the Q&T offering further in the

industrial value chain allowing our customers

and end-users, including our brand

program members, to rely on additional

services, parts and complementary products.

It will increase SSAB’s shipments

through the profitable service channel,

where demand is more stable over the

business cycle compared to shipments to

OEMs.

Abraservice has approximately 200

employees, working at 10 processing

centers and 12 sales offices across 11

European countries. The largest processing

centers are in France, Germany and

Italy.

Abraservice will continue to operate as

an independent unit within SSAB Services,

as part of SSAB Special Steels, and

remain under its own name. The company

will benefit from SSAB support and

expertise, extended product range and

global geographical coverage to expand

its strong market position in distribution

and fabrication of parts in Europe and

beyond.

steel market 01.2019


20 UK & Northern Europe

Outokumpu moves forward with

digital manufacturing

Plant in Tornio to be transformed to the most digitalized operation

Outokumpu is aiming to fully digitalize its biggest factory in Tornio, Finland, transforming it into the most

digitalized and most cost-competitive stainless steel operation in the industry by 2020. After Tornio, digital

manufacturing is planned to roll out to Outokumpu’s other production units internationally.

By digitalizing its Tornio operations,

Outokumpu aims to significantly reduce lead

times to customers through step-change

improvements in reliability, quality and supply

chain management, and to gain up to

100,000 tonnes of freed capacity from the

existing production assets. The Tornio unit is

currently already the biggest, most efficient

and most sustainable stainless steel factory

in Europe, covering the entire production

chain from mining and smelting to melting,

hot and cold rolling and finishing of high

demanding stainless steel products.

Partnership with Microsoft

In a multi-year partnership with Microsoft,

Outokumpu is building an industrial digital

platform, Outokumpu Digital Platform

(ODP), based on Microsoft Azure. During the

first six months of 2019 the joint Outokumpu

and Microsoft project team has created

this platform, including the first two concrete

Jan Hofmann

Copyright: Outokumpu

solutions, already expected to bring considerable

improvements in quality performance

for the Tornio mill.

»The digitalization of our global production

base is a core element of our must-win

battle digital transformation,« says Jan Hofmann,

EVP – Business Transformation & IT,

Outokumpu.« We are aiming for a step

change in the manufacturing of stainless

steel through artificial intelligence based

process optimization, predictive maintenance

and quality control. We have entered into

a partnership with Microsoft to create a new

benchmark for the digitalization of the process

industry. The transformation of our biggest

plant in Tornio by 2020 will create the

future blueprint also for the subsequent

digitalization of our remaining plants.«

»At this point in history, all businesses need

to digitally transform to thrive, if not to survive.

Building a digital mindset is key to develop

new capabilities that draw new insights out

of data and convert those to intelligent

actions to drive new outcomes. By leveraging

Microsoft’s advanced cloud and AI technologies,

Outokumpu is creating new business

value, and serving their customers with faster

deliveries and increased quality. Since the

heart of every company is its culture, Outokumpu

is addressing its change management

holistically and empowering its workforce to

succeed with data-driven decision making,«

said Çağlayan Arkan, Global Lead Manufacturing

& Resources, Microsoft.

STALATUBE TO PRODUCE ITS OWN CLEAN ENERGY

Stalatube will start producing its own

clean energy. The Finnish company is going

to install a solar photovoltaic system on the

roof of its headquarters in Lahti. The solar

power plant will be the region’s largest one

installed on an industrial property. Stalatube

specializes in stainless steel hollow sections.

The solar power plant has a power output

of over 300 kWp and it’s composed of 1150

solar panels corresponding to one hectare or

half of the roof area of Stalatubes premises

in Lahti. According to the company‘s calculations,

the output of the photovoltaic system

will cover the electricity consumption of

lighting, information technology, building

technology as a whole and the stand-by

electricity of production equipment. At its

best, solar energy fulfills almost a third of the

company‘s electricity needs in Lahti.

Stalatube’s solar power plant‘s repayment

period will be about 12 years. Solar panels

have a lifetime of 25-30 years, and even

then of their solar energy collection capacity

is at 80 %. The solar power plant produces

electricity completely free of pollution, so the

investment is not only economically sensible

but also ecological. »Respect for the environment

is one of Stalatube‘s core values, so the

use and production of clean, renewable

energy is a natural development for our

company,« says Managing Director Jukka

Nummi. Stalatube will also install a solar

power plant in its Netherlands office this

year. »Now is the time to invest in solar energy,«

says Kimmo Myyrä, Operations Manager

at Stalatube. »In the long run, electricity

prices and taxes will probably only increase.«

The technology and quality of photovoltaic

systems have also evolved from the early

days, and their prices have fallen. »If your

property has a new roof or is about to be

renovated in the near future, consider installing

solar panels. In this case, the lifetime of

the roof and solar panels will run at the same

pace,« Myyrä hints.

steel market 01.2019


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22 Steel International

Long steel market currently depressed,

says Irepas, players agree

Circumstances are becoming more difficult

The global long steel products market is depressed at the moment as circumstances are becoming more difficult.

It has become a buyer’s market and it is difficult to secure orders at reasonable prices.

It might take longer for a balance to be

reached, said Irepas, the International Rebar

Exporters and Producers Association in a

report published in September. By then,

steel prices had gone down, following the

recent tendency of raw material prices. Iron

ore prices dropped by 25% within 30 days

and coking coal prices were down 10%.

Iron ore collapsed from a high of USD 120/t

at the end of July to levels of around USD

85/t.

Sharp drops in raw material prices

allow prices of under USD 400/t

The cost of steel production at BOF mills had

come down to around or under the USD

240/mt level and the spread for semi-finished

steel to around USD 150/t. It is difficult

to increase steel prices because there is

insufficient growth in demand for steel and

the new base prices for iron ore and coking

coal allow some companies to run prices

below USD 400/t without incurring losses,

Irepas said.

Ferrous scrap prices have trended down

throughout the late summer and became

further depressed as Turkish capacity utilization

dipped below 50%. Scrap inflows have

begun to slow down as an effect of rapid

price adjustments and slowing industrial

activity. Freight rates have been soaring

during late August and early September. Production

cuts have become more pronounced

in late summer as industry and construction

in Europe is not ramping up to the same

extent as last year, Irepas noted.

Positive expectations for fourth quarter

postponed until first quarter next year

Steel ingots

Under such circumstances, many steel producers

started slowing down their operations,

extending maintenance and idling

facilities. However, inventory levels would

also need to come down in order to see

some stability. Accordingly, Irepas postponed

its positive expectations for the fourth quarter

to the first quarter of next year. While

global business has deteriorated, business in

the USA is stable. Domestic mills in the USA,

which are still enjoying a 25 % safety margin,

are adjusting their prices to keep them

on par with possible imports, thereby

making the import business very marginal at

best.

Meanwhile, the EU market will be entirely

closed to Turkish exports until next April

which means that exports from Turkey will

inevitably slow down. Turkish exports to the

US market have resumed for just a couple of

players but sales are still deemed risky due

to the difficulties in predicting the next move

on the US side. The top three markets for

Turkish rebar exports have been Yemen, Israel

and Singapore, which do not provide

security and confidence for the long term.

Steel prices in EU fail: real

improvement unlikely before 2020

With the quota allowed for imports exhausted

and given the lack of a significant

threat to EU mills from other third countries,

EU prices should have increased after

the summer holidays. But the downward

trend of ferrous scrap and iron ore prices

put a lot of pressure on the EU markets.

Even producers of high carbon content

wire rod have been trying to sell mesh-grade

wire rods, which adds salt to the

wound, Irepas noted. As a result, prices

have not moved up despite good demand.

It is difficult to expect real improvements

until next year.

The current status of the market can be

described as fluctuating and unstable, Irepas

finds. There is no market improvement on

the horizon and therefore the situation is

unsatisfactory. At the time, Irepas issued its

statement in September, the prices paid by

stockholders to mills for rebar north of the

Copyright: Shutterstock

steel market 01.2019


Steel International 23

Alps were given as EUR 495 to EUR 505/t

delivered. It seems that deals in northern

Germany and Benelux were some EUR 10

higher than those in southern Germany and

particularly rural areas. The south is commonly

known for its friendlier pricing climate,

given the proximity of Italy and lower

offers from there. The gap between country

and city seems to be a more recent thing.

Cities do better than countryside

There are hotspots where prices and volumes

match well, like Stuttgart or Hamburg,

where demand remains high. Distributors

from the outer areas are trying to snatch jobs

at sites in the cities. »You have an advantage

if you are close to a metropolitan area,« one

stockholder’s manager says.

On the Ruhr, one manager stated that »a

base price of EUR 230 is certainly possible if

you go for high tonnages.« Elsewhere,

further afield, another states that »I can get

it for less if I go for 1,000 tonnes.« But then,

he cautions that these days he would not

buy that much.

The obvious problem of the falling prices

is that buyers prefer to hold back orders

because prices may still keep dipping bit by

bit, so that the downtrend is driving itself.

»Plus, we are soon nearing Christmas, too.

This will be an interesting period coming

up,« the manager says.

He notes that this price level is scratching

on the margins of the mills, too. »But they

don’t care. Rather than have production halt

for some days, it costs them less if they keep

producing and sell at dumping prices; that’s

what you call risk minimization.«

Strong construction but weakening

prices

Although particularly Germany is looking

back at a couple of years of extraordinary

construction activity, the price for rebar has

kept dwindling anyway since an intermediate

peak in spring, also in the neighbouring

northwestern markets. Those two observations

seem to be oppositional, and in the

course of the year, various sources have offered

different opinions as to how profitable

business for the players along the chain

actually is. Some argue that construction

firms as well as rebar mills and distributors

are all caught in a continuous rat race in

which they sacrifice prices to snatch orders.

Possible overcapacity of bending

shops

An explanation offered by another manager

from a stockholder in Hesse is that overcapacities

of bending facilities may be a cause

for the situation »Distributors have built up

quite a lot of bending capacities, over-proportionally

to the demand volume from the

customers, and now we have an imbalance.«

According to him, the expansions have

mainly occurred at big chains, which over

the past five years have added some 70%

bending capacity, he estimates.

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24 Steel International

Nord Stream underwater tie-ins. Each of the two pipelines is built in three sections. Once completed, the three sections must be welded together.

Nord Stream 2

A big project causes big political waves

The construction of the Nord Stream 2 is reportedly 75% complete. Nevertheless, the project keeps creating much

irritation among the European countries. The complex network of interests could become a writing on the wall for

future big pipeline projects.

The follow-up twin of the first Nord

Stream pipeline has long been unpopular

with many Eastern European countries who

feel disadvantaged by the bilateral project,

mainly because it takes capacity from pipelines

through their territories and, consequently,

income from transit fees. Hardest

hit would be Ukraine, which earns an estimated

USD 2 billion per year from such fees.

Since war has broken out between Russia

and the Ukraine, the case has become even

more delicate. The European Commission

has also expressed objections in the past.

Just last September, the designated vice president

of the European Commission, Margrethe

Vestager, said she saw »no necessity«

for a second Nord Stream pipeline. In spring

it was criticized by the USA – by Democrats

as well as Republicans - which has increased

the concerns within the German government

about the project. The USA expressed

that European partners and especially Germany

will make themselves too dependent

on Russian energy at the cost of Ukraine.

A long and winding conflict

in the Baltic Sea

Copyright (3): Nord Stream

Solitaire passes under Great Belt Bridge.

Meanwhile, the US government has also issued

the threat that companies involved in Nord

Stream 2 could face a ban on North American

business. This threat would primarily address

the energy companies that are stakeholders

in the project –Gazprom, Germany’s Eon and

Wintershall, the Netherland’s Gasunie, and

France’s Engie - but potentially also the plate

& pipe makers involved.

According to the plan, the works are projected

to be completed by the end of this

year. At this stage, the work of the plate and

pipe makers involved has long been done,

and paid. Nord Stream 2 required around 2

million tonnes of large-diameter tube, which

was supplied by Europipe, OMK and ChelPipe.

The problem could be that similar pipeline

projects will be put on hold in view of the

steel market 01.2019


Steel International 25

Loading of pipe carrier vessel ocean spirit.

troubles they may cause. Examples are the

Turkish Stream pipeline through the Black Sea

and the TAP pipeline from Turkey via Greece

to Italy.

Many potential pipeline projects

on hold

In fact, »new projects for large-diametre

pipes are not in sight,« one keen observer of

the pipeline market said already late last

year. Although up to 15 big international

pipeline projects are under discussion, they

all have in common that »…they have not

reached the state of commissioning,« says

the chief of Salzgitter’s Mannesmann unit,

Clemens Stewing. The current insecurity

over global politics with its various trade barrier

measures is adding to reservation when

tackling new projects.

This is painfully obvious from the empty

pages of the order books at Europipe,

which is jointly owned by Salzgitter Mannesmann

and Dillinger Hütte. The lull of

orders caused Europipe to announce short

working hours that started in February. Of

course, »phases of higher or lower utilisation

are not uncommon in the project-based

business, and we are looking to the

future with optimism,« the company stated

earlier this year.

Meanwhile, platemaking partner company

Salzgitter Mannesmann Grobblech

(SMGB) has become active in making itself

more independent from Europipe. This

means that it must become more flexible in

making the production of smaller lots economically

viable, and to promote its extra

widths of up to 4,200 mm. Under this

scenario, it is little wonder that the German

plate market is facing an overstocking of

plate, and relatively low demand. The market

price for the product has slowly dwindled

for most of the year. Whilst mills try to

keep the price of standard grade S235 at

above EUR 600 per tonne, many stockholders

say that they would, in fact, pay no

more than that and actually less. The estimates

in September were wide ranging,

from EUR 600/tonne down to EUR 560, or

even lower.

The German government, of course, is

not enthusiastic with the idea of stopping a

venture of this dimension. In a first move of

concession, the head of the German Conservatives,

Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer – a

potential candidate to run for chancellor at

the next elections – suggested last spring

that the volumes of gas ordered through the

pair of pipelines could be limited.

Tube 2020: exhibition space larger than ever before

In spite of the insecurity over major pipeline projects, the registration

figures for Tube 2020 in Düsseldorf are already very promising.

The two international leading trade fairs for the wire, cable and tube

industries, wire + TUBE, will be held at the Düsseldorf exhibition

centre from 30 March to 3 April 2020.

As global information and business platforms for the key players

in these industries, wire and Tube attract more than 2,500 enterprises

from all over the world. Organisers have posted a strong

increase in attendance from Turkey, India and Taiwan, already

exceeding the final exhibitor numbers of 2018. Additionally, strong

participation from the traditional exhibitor regions Italy, Spain,

Germany, Austria, Switzerland and Central and Eastern Europe

points to new record exhibitor figures for next year. »With the new

multi-purpose Hall 1, we offer our exhibitors the latest in terms of

technical facilities and ultimate convenience,« says Daniel Ryfisch,

Deputy Director Metals and Flow Technologies at Messe Düsseldorf.

In exhibition halls 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7.0 and 7a Tube 2020 will

present the complete process chain in the tube industry. Its extensive

portfolio ranges from machinery and equipment for tube

manufacturing, forming and processing, to raw materials, tubes

and accessories, second-hand machinery, process engineering

tools, auxiliaries, measuring and control equipment as well as test

engineering. These are complemented by tube trade, tube bending

and tube sawing equipment, OCTG technology, pipelines, profiles,

machinery and plastic tubes. So far, just under 52,000 square

metres net have been rented out – by comparison the exhibiting

companies occupied a total of 52,436 square metres at the previous

event in 2018.

steel market 01.2019


26 Steel International

Copyright (4): Kallanish Commodities

Impressions of the first »Saudi International Iron and Steel Conference«

First Saudi Steel Conference sets stepping

stones for local steelmaking

Engineering steels on the agenda

The first Saudi International Iron and Steel Conference, which was held in Riyadh on 16-18 September, saw more

than 800 delegates from global iron and steel companies attending. It was organised by the country’s National

Committee for Steel Industry in cooperation with Kallanish Commodities, under the patronage of the Minister of

Industry and Mineral Resources Bandar bin Ibrahim Al-Khareef. The organisers aimed to encourage and attract

investors.

Saudi Arabia’s steel industry needs to

ensure that it has the right product mix to

cater for the kingdom’s economic expansion,

the newly-appointed Saudi industry and

mineral resources minister Bandar bin Ibrahim

Alkhorayef said at the start of the event.

The country currently has a »… very narrow

base« of production, which must be expanded

to added-value products.

Two important authorities have been created

in Saudi Arabia. One is the local content

authority that will ensure that a greater

deal of local input materials are used in

production, while the other is the foreign

trade authority that will help protect local

steel market 01.2019


Steel International 27

producers. The latter »… shows that the

government is really keen on abiding by

World Trade Organisation rules, but at the

same time we don’t want people to take

advantage of our market,« Alkhorayef

emphasised.

Thanks to the country’s Vision 2030 initiative

and the development of economic

cities, the future is bright for Saudi’s construction

industry. As well as industrial expansion,

the kingdom will see huge investment

into new sectors such as tourism and entertainment.

There are opportunities for steel

suppliers across a range of existing and

future industrial clusters, from automotive,

to shipbuilding, to military. The strong drive

to increase local content presents an opportunity

for investors to develop capacities for

flat and other value-added steel products

not currently available in Saudi Arabia. A key

message during the conference was that this

industrial and economic development should

be integrated between government authorities,

investors and suppliers.

Saudi Arabia has 780 million tonnes of

iron ore reserves that can be utilised to provide

raw material security for the country’s

steelmakers, present and future. Feedstock

security is crucial, especially when raw materials

prices increase far quicker than finished

steel prices, as they have this year. And, »as

we become more environmentally conscious,

we should consider technology that can

recycle EAF dust and reduce steel industry

waste,« the minster noted.

Establishing a steel academy

To support future investment, Saudi Arabia

must focus on implementing trade measures

to protect local production. Also, as was

learnt from the experience of India and China,

quality standards are necessary to prevent

sub-standard imports. Very importantly, in

order to attract foreign investment, Saudi

needs to be able to compete with countries

with competitive cost bases, such as India and

Ukraine. To do this, it is crucial that Saudi Arabia

provides natural gas supply and competitive

energy prices for industry. Also, the country

must introduce strict rules for local steel

content requirement in national projects to

support local steelmakers and encourage

further steelmaking capacity investment. As

an example, the USMCA trade agreement

between the United States of America, the

United Mexican States, and Canada stipulates

that 75% of automotive content is made in

North America.

It would be a privilege for the National

Committee of Steel Industry to cooperate

and work together with the Indian Steel

Association, as mentioned at the conference

by association Secretary General Bhaskar

Chatterjee. Steel will be integral to the

development of Saudi’s economy. And the

annual organisation of this conference will

allow the steel industry to stay at the top

of the agenda. Another crucial factor is

investment into education to prepare the

next generation of bright young engineers

that will drive the steel industry forward.

In this context, the chairman of the conference

and the National Committee for

Steel Industry, Eng. Rayd Al-Ajaji, emphasised

that the idea of establishing a specialised

academy within the iron and steel

industry to train the kingdom’s youth is a

key part of the committee’s agenda. Preparing

the next generation of engineers to

work in the steel industry will encourage

foreign investment into the Saudi steel

sector, he noted.

National production of special steel grades

is becoming necessary for the kingdom's

ship building, automobile, oil and gas and

defence applications, said senior consultant

Anjan Mukherjee. »A series of consultations

with the Saudi government and an extensive

survey of the existing capacities concluded

that only few additional facilities for upgrades

are needed in order to begin producing

high strength micro-alloyed steel grades for

commercial and defence industry applications,«

Mukherjee noted.

Internationally, Saudi Arabia should use

its G20 presidency as an opportunity to

focus on tackling global steel overcapacity;

locally it should implement trade defence

measures to protect local steelmakers and

encourage further steelmaking capacity

investment, delegates were heard proposing

at the conference.

steel market 01.2019


28 Steel International

Wire rod supply becoming scarcer in Europe

Processor firms fear forced production cuts

European makers of fences, wire mesh and steel cable are extremely concerned that they might be left starving for

enough input material. Wire rod has become increasingly scarce over the past few years. On the one hand,

integrated steelmakers that make wire rod prefer to keep the material for their own value-added products, and

things have become worse since the EU closed the doors on imported steel products. Although there is an obvious

shortage of wire rod in Europe, imports are, nevertheless, restricted by safeguard measures.

Well before the international trade conflict

caused the EU to impose measures last

year, independent companies buying wire

rod had already formed an association to

voice their misery. In August 2016, a number

of smaller companies formed EUNIRPA, the

European Non-Integrated Wire Rod Processors

Association, which is fighting to maintain

availability of wire rod on the European

market. The founding members of EUNIRPA

are Exel Fil Belgium, Exel Fil Spain, Fapricela,

Gallega de Mallas, Intersig Belgium, Intersig

France, Sirme si Cabluri and Van Merksteijn

International. Several more have since

joined. In total, these companies represent

more than 3.2 million tonnes of annual processing

capacity.

Big mills keep material to themselves

The independent processors criticize the fact

that integrated mills prefer to keep their wire

rod for in-house processing. Apparently, the

big mills have become stronger by moves

such as the takeover of wire mesh fabricator

Drahtwerk Horath by Riva Germany. »Riva’s

strategy is clearly that it wants to go it alone,

processing its wire rod at its own units,«

EUNIRPA said at the time of the takeover in

early 2017, noting that the only alternative

source for the material in Europe is Celsa.

Furthermore, the indepentent processes

reproach the mills with having encouraged

the European Commission to build a trade

barrier against imports. Back in 2016, EU wire

rod producers already stated they were considering

antidumping action against imports

from Belarus, Russia, Turkey and Ukraine. In

response to this, EUNIRPA made a strong statement

asking Eurofer not to proceed with

any such initiative. Since then, things have

Copyright: Shutterstock

become worse for the independents. In summer

this year, EUNIRPA said its member were

»extremely disappointed« by the European

Commission's final review proposal on safeguard

measures regarding wire rod.

»It is incomprehensible that a European

institution such as the Commission does not

even bother to look into the specific details

of mesh grade wire rod,« said EUNIRPA

chairman Kris van Ginderdeuren, of Dutch

firm Van Merksteijn. In July, the association

proposed that the quota for product category

16 should represent the yearly average of

the volume of imports of wire rod in 2016-

2018, rather than 2015-2017, which increased

by 20%, rather than 5%.

A well-documented shortage of wire

rod

The ever-increasing lack of wire rod available

on the free market in the EU is reluctantly

forcing the association companies to source

well over 50% of their needs from non-EU

countries, EUNIRPA has stated in the past.

»When definitive safeguard measures were

imposed, the uniqueness of the wire rod market

was absolutely not taken into consideration,«

the association argued. There is a

well-documented shortage of wire rod on the

EU market due to an increase in consumption

and captive use, it claims.

Similar to the price of rebar, the price for

wire rod from northwestern domestic EU

works has dipped over the recent months,

and in September was at around EUR 480/

tonne. But, EU mills were encouraged to

bring prices up in the course of autumn now

that the import quota is filled.

»Licence to kill«

European makers of fences,

wire mesh or steel cable are

extremely concerned that

they might be left starving

for enough input material.

What makes things worse is that the quotas

given daily on the EC’s website are not

necessarily correct. »You make a move and

take a risk, but due to the faulty figures we

paid some EUR 430,000 of duties in February,«

one manager says.

Little wonder that the smaller wire rod

companies feel left alone by politics. Hence,

van Ginderdeuren uses harsh words to describe

the balance of power: »It seems like the

Commission is giving the integrated mills the

red-carpet treatment towards full dominance.

We can interpret this as a licence to kill the

non-integrated mesh makers,« he says.

steel market 01.2019


Steel International 29

Focus on construction

Germany‘s long construction boom has reached its zenith

The German construction boom has lasted far into this year, but towards summer, first signs came that a slowdown

cannot be avoided forever.

In May, the latest statistics available by

industry association Hauptverband der Deutschen

Bauindustrie (»Hauptverband«) showed

that orders were still up year-on-year.

But the figures differed quite a bit depending

on the segment. While residential construction

remained strong, public construction

saw a dip in real terms. The dip apparently

kicked in in May, as the period from

January through May still saw orders up

6.2% in real terms. The order backlog in

June was 4.3 months.

Activity still remained at a high level. »Due

to the high order backlog, construction companies

are still well utilised,« Hauptverband’s

managing director Dieter Babiel said in September

at the release of the figures for the

first five months. But he cautioned that the

boom cannot defy the overall economy forever.

»The increasing insecurities due to trade

disputes and Brexit are toxic for the economy.

Companies will be putting their investments

on hold, and this will sooner or later

filter through to the construction industry,«

he said.

Earlier, on the basis of the first quarter,

Hauptverband was still all cheers. At a

mid-year press conference, the Berlin-based

association came up with an increase

of the already optimistic outlook it had

presented in January. »The year in construction

2019 will be better than anticipated

at its beginning. That’s why we lifted

our forecast for the nominal growth of

revenues from 6.0% to 8.5%,« its president,

Peter Hübner, said.

At the end of March, the construction

industry had the highest order backlog ever

measured, EUR 53 billion. Over the past ten

years, spending in German construction rose

2.5% on average each year, according to

Hauptverband’s chief economist Heinrich

Weitz. He also highlighted the growing share

of foreign construction workers filling the

demand for manpower.

Copyright: Sülzle Stahlpartner Nordhausen

These days, a large number of trainees are

Croatian and others refugees from places

like Syria.

What’s puzzling though is that in defiance

of strong construction activity, reinforcing

bar prices in Germany and the Benelux

have dropped quite a bit in the course of

the year. The base price temporarily reached,

or surpassed, EUR 280, but by the

end of the summer came down to EUR 250

or less in many places.

This development is slightly bizarre, given

a construction industry that has kept doing

well, and limited rebar supply due to seasonal

mill closures for summer maintenance.

»Normally, this used to bring the price up,«

one German buyer comments.

Many blame the steelmakers for bringing

down prices without urgency, for the sake

of gathering orders. But others see the crucial

point elsewhere along the chain. They

argue that construction firms are all caught

in a continuous rat race and that that overcapacity

at bending facilities may be a factor

behind the situation. »Distributors have built

up quite a lot of bending capacities, overproportionally

to the demand volume from

customers, and now we have an imbalance,«

one stockholder said. According to him,

the expansions have mainly occurred at big

chains, which over the past five years have

expanded bending capacity by 70%, he estimates.

Furthermore, he sees a gap between

urban and rural areas. »There are hotspots

where prices and volumes match well, like

Sülzle Stahlpartner’s

Nordhausen branch

Stuttgart or Hamburg, where demand is

keeping up,« he comments. And, of course,

distributors from the outer rims are trying to

snatch city jobs. »You have an advantage if

you are close to a metropolitan area,« the

manager adds.

Sülzle supplies rebar to

Salzgitter

Normally, flat steel makers and producers

of rebar have little common ground. But

currently a major project in Lower Saxony,

allegedly the biggest industrial investment

in the state of Lower Saxony, has Salzgitter’s

heavy plate unit Ilsenburger Grobblech

link up with Sülzle Stahlpartner, a

distributor chain for mainly rebar.

Sülzle Stahlpartner’s Nordhausen

branch is supplying around 8,000 tonnes

of reinforcing steel and 300 tonnes of

bored piles for the new heat treatment

plant of Ilsenburger Grobblech GmbH

(ILG). At EUR 150 million, it is the highest

investment Salzgitter has ever carried out

at Ilsenburg. Sülzle supplies this construction

project on behalf of contractor ARGE

Neubau Adjustage Ilsenburg.

The new heat treatment line includes

two roller hearth furnaces, a MultiFlex-Quench

with a water treatment system,

a straightening machine and a preservation

line. Commissioning is scheduled

for mid-2020; the annual capacity is

projected at 200,000 tons.

steel market 01.2019


30 Blechexpo, strips & sheets

Blechexpo 2019

Sheet Metal and Joining Technology Highlights

The 14th Blechexpo, in combination with the 7 th Schweisstec, will be covering all aspects of sheet metal, pipe and

profile processing between 5 - 8 November this year. The two complementarity industry events provide expert with

comprehensive product and service offerings dealing with all facets of thermal and mechanical processing, as well

as welding, joining and fastening technology.

The Blechexpo-Schweisstec trade fair

duo takes place once every two years, taking

turns with the Euroblech fair in Hanover.

Months before the event opens its doors it

was already clear that this year will see more

exhibitors, require more exhibition floor space

and be more international than two years

ago. By June of this year, an increase amounting

to more than 150 primary exhibitors and

a 15% rise in floor space compared to 2017

was confirmed.

A total of roughly 1,500 exhibitors will set the

tone in nine exhibition halls at Blechexpo-

Schweisstec in Stuttgart. Bookings and reservations

from foreign countries have doubled compared

to 2017. More than a year ago, it was

already clear that the 2017 figures for technology

companies from Italy, China, Turkey and

Spain will be exceeded. The number of exhibitors

from some countries has even been doubled,«

said project manager Georg Knauer.

The organizers attribute the reason for this

surge to the strictly practical-oriented concept

of the trade fair duo: Blechexpo-Schweisstec

claims to cover all relevant

issues and trends relevant to the digitalised,

automated world of sheet metal and metal

processing.

As a structural material, sheet metal

keeps dominating in machinery and

equipment manufacturing

As a structural material – along with pipe

and profile materials – sheet metal has evolved

into a common alternative to conventional

cast iron, steel and plastic constructions.

Lightweight design and modular component

systems characterise the image of

modern, material, weight and cost-saving

vehicle, machinery and equipment manufacturing

– all the more reason to attend the

Blechexpo and Schweisstec.

Blechexpo 2017

Precision cutting, stamping and forming of

high-strength and ultrahigh-strength sheet

metal are just as much on the forefront at

Blechexpo as innovative machine building

solutions, tooling with a long service life and

changing equipment for rapid tool changeovers.

Pre-processing and final processing,

module assembly and surface finishing of

optically sensitive components, as well as

lightweight design and construction solutions

are also at the centre of attention. The

technical event also covers associated issues

from handling and quality assurance, to digitalisation

and automation solutions.

All participating companies will profit

from the trade fair’s international setting in

2019, because it is only possible to gain

truly comprehensive insights into the respective

sales markets and their supply

chains at a world class technical event. »We

feel that our concept targeted at strict process

orientation is being confirmed by the

international influx of leading companies.

Demonstrating the practicality and applicability

of the exhibited technologies for routine

industrial use at a technical trade fair is

obviously being very well received throughout

Europe, as well as in the USA and in

China,« the organisers say.

A new floor plan and exhibitor distribution

concepts are providing an even more

realistic and practical orientation towards

routine daily practice. They guide and

bundle the flow of visitors in a thematic

fashion. Experts are guided to the offerings

in which they’re explicitly interested in a

targeted manner with minimal legwork.

New space for processors in hall 10

Whereas leading sheet-metal processing

companies will unveil their innovations in

halls 1 and 3 and emphasis will be placed on

the issue of stamping technology in halls 4

and 5, the latest technologies covering all

aspects of pressing and forming will be presented

in hall 8 of the Stuttgart Exhibition

Centre. Visitors with an interest in cutting

(hall 5) or welding and joining (hall 7) will

also be able to explore concentrated offerings

and, if interested, move on to other

segments with minimal distances to walk.

The new, comparatively larger hall 10 now

also offers adequate space for expanding

offerings in the field of steel processing services.

Numerous new exhibitors are taking

advantage of this opportunity to introduce

themselves to global expert visitors, and

established, longstanding participants will

be able to increase their booth floor space

as well. A longstanding wish of the exhibitors

and the exhibitor advisory committee

will thus fulfilled.

steel market 01.2019


Blechexpo, strips & sheets 31

Wilhelm Schröder joins plastic with metal

Interaction of metal and plastic in hybrid technology

Wilhelm Schröder, a specialist in metal plastic compounds, will be represented by a team of experts at the

14 th Blechexpo in Stuttgart from 5 to 8 November. In Hall 4 at Stand 4102-1, trade visitors can get their own

impression of the company's know-how in the field of intelligent metal-plastic hybrids.

Wilhelm Schröder is a specialist for metal-plastic compounds.

The interaction of metal and plastic in

hybrid technology gives Wilhelm Schröder

the necessary edge to meet its customer's

requirements and help them grow, the German

company claims. Among Wilhelm

Schröders customers are companies in the

automotive industry, the automotive supplier

industry, the white goods industry and the

medical technology sector.

Wilhelm Schröder notes that it is already

involved in the product development phase

as a technical consultant and developer. The

company's own tool production specialises

in computer-aided 3D design and the manufacture

of stamping and injection moulding

tools. Over the years, the company has kept

developing its portfolio in order to offer

innovative solutions and products.

Since 2017, the company belongs to the

OKE Group, which manufactures sophisticated

technical plastic components for various

industries such as the automotive and furniture

industries. With the takeover, Wilhelm

Schröder has become even more international.

As a result, customers benefit from more

efficient work processes and lower costs, the

company notes. »We are looking forward to

explaining our comprehensive portfolio of

hybrid solutions in detail to visitors at Blechexpo.

We will have competent members of

staff at our stand, who will answer visitor's

questions in detail.«, says Alexander

Zuchowski, head of technical sales at Wilhelm

Schröder.

Copyright: Wilhelm Schröder

MicroStep: Production management with MPM:

Control and efficiency in all processes

MicroStep‘s Machine Production Management

(MPM) software suite provides computer-aided

process planning (CAPP) features

for automation of the workflow on

CNC machines and production lines.

It is an integrated system of order processing,

nesting, stock management, machine

operation planning and evaluation which

interconnects pre-production data, CNC

machine control systems and MicroStep‘s

automatic nesting software AsperWin. It

helps reduce work-in-progress, save material,

and eliminate operator errors.

A substantial part of MicroStep‘s product

portfolio is focused is on high-end customers

with large production facilities, who

put emphasis on efficiency and a high level

of automation. Complying with these

requirements, MicroStep offers an in-house

developed CAPP application called MPM

(Machine Production Management), which

is an integration platform for different areas

of the business – material storage, order

management, creation of cutting plans,

and CNC machines operators - allowing

automation of information flow among

them.

MPM software is primarily aimed at facilitating

efficient machine use. Used to its

full potential, the machine‘s interface offers

the operator a cutting plan together with

the location of the specific material (plate,

pipe, etc.) in the warehouse. The operator‘s

task is to place the material in the machine's

working zone, synchronize the coordinate

system with the semi-product‘s spatial orientation

(which can be automated by finding

of the material edge by a laser sensor),

install the required consumables and start

the cutting process. All necessary parameters

are selected automatically, based on

the information contained within the cutting

plan. When using an integrated loading

system, the machine also loads the

semi-product into the cutting area and can

also facilitate the unloading of finished

parts.

steel market 01.2019


32 Blechexpo, strips & sheets

Perforated sheets by Schäfer

EMW Steel Service Centre an Schäfer Perforated Metal present

a selection of their product and service portfolios

EMW Steel Service Centre and Schäfer Perforated Metal will be among the exhibitors at the 14 th Blechexpo in

Stuttgart. At stand 10201 in hall 10, the two business divisions from the Schäfer Werke Group will be presenting

a selection of their product and service portfolios.

The SSC's new logistics centre at the

headquarters in Neunkirchen has been in

operation and showing notable improvement

of order processing and overall capacity

since the beginning of the year. Following

the launch of the »Yoursteel« customer

portal at the end of 2018, EMW now

has the capability to retrieve all important

information on orders and stocks at any

time, as well as being able to download various

documents, such as test reports, delivery

notes and much more. »By setting up

and launching the Yoursteel platform, we

can offer our customers an even more efficient

service and are ideally equipped to

meet the demands of Industry 4.0,« says

Michael Mockenhaupt, managing director

of the EMW Steel Service Centre (see also

the interview with Michael Mockenhaupt on

page 38, »More and more logistics tasks«).

New location in Saxony,

new space at home

Fair stand »EMW Steel Service Centre and

Schäfer Perforated Metal«

The company opened a new location at the

beginning of this year. The plant in the Saxony

town of Treuen will not only serve customers

in the Saxony and Thuringia regions

but also international clients in Poland, the

Czech Republic, Slovakia and other central

European countries.

Meanwhile at the headquarters in Neunkirchen

in the Siegerland area of North Rhine

Westphalia, two new halls are closing the

gap between service centre halls 3 and 6.

Together with SSI Schäfer’s warehouse

management software WAMAS, these

approx. 12,000 m² facilities will significantly

improve internal logistics processes and

reduce loading times, the company states.

Increasing demand, new areas of application

and steady growth in customer numbers

were behind the decision to extend the capacity

of the Steel Service Centre yet again. Priority

was given to increasing the safety and

speed of the overall intralogistics capacity of

the new building. These goals were achieved

by a new unloading and loading concept,

which allows a higher throughput and at the

same time minimizes turnaround and waiting

times for trucks. This guarantees smooth

loading in a three-shift operation. The

new intralogistics are controlled by a

warehouse management system, which is

designed to comprehensively map and permanently

improve all requirements. The system

receives the data required for control via

a direct connection to the SAP system and

so, by integrating control of the raw material

stock, production and dispatch, an optimal

material flow can be created.

Since the middle of this year, Schäfer Perforated

Metal has been on the market with

an extended portfolio of in-stock perforated

sheets, new perforation patterns and stain-

At a glance: EMW

Copyright (3): EMW Stahl Service GmbH

A view into the new logistics centre

Since it was founded in 1952, EMW has

grown to become one of Germany’s largest

independent steel service centres, delivering

over 900,000 tons to its customers this year

alone. To warrant the right material at the

right time is only possible with over 130,000

tons of stocks specially geared to the needs

of the automotive industry and a logistics

concept specially devised together with the

customer. For the production of slit strip and

cut-to-size blanks, there are five slitting and

multi-blanking lines available with thickness

ranges of 0.4 to 4 millimetres and coil

weights of up to 32 tons.

steel market 01.2019


Blechexpo, strips & sheets 33

less steel grades. The aim is to respond to

current market demands with new products

and focus even more on digital services. Since

2018, the entire range has been available

in an online shop, which guides users to the

very product they are looking for in just a

few clicks, and with numerous filter and

selection options. The online shop can be

found at lochblech-shop.de.

»This comprehensive digitalisation will

improve both the production processes as

well as our customer-oriented processes. If

you’re the type who prefers direct contact,

we are happy to arrange personal meetings,

and if you feel more at home online, we can

now offer you an extensive range of digital

services,« says Alexander Tumasjan, head of

sales at Schäfer Perforated Metal.

Cooperations with Daimler

and Schürholz

For more than 20 years, the EMW Steel Service

Centre has been supplying premium car

manufacturer Daimler AG with cut-to-size

blanks and slit strip. During this time, EMW

has seen and accompanied many changes in

grades and coatings at Daimler AG. Whether

Bonazink or Granocoat, electrolytically galvanised

or hot-dip galvanised, all product

EMW has developed into one of Germany’s largest independent steel service centres.

changes were mastered together, EMW

claims. Deliveries go to the sites in Bremen,

Hamburg, Sindelfingen, Mettingen and

Gaggenau. The slit strips are then processed

into so-called structural elements (connecting

plates, reinforcements and supports) at

the Daimler production plants.

EMW also highlights its long-standing

cooperation with automotive supplier Schürholz

Group, of which it says »is more a trusting

partnership than a conventional business

relation.«

For Schürholz, the focus of this cooperation

lies on the lowest thickness tolerances,

specially limited strengths and edges that

can be rounded. All these material demands

have been worked out and defined by

Schürholz and EMW in numerous talks and

trials over recent years to ensure the input

material is of a consistently high quality.

MHMM TO BECOME SOLE OWNER OF PRIMETALS TECHNOLOGIES

Mitsubishi-Hitachi Metals Machinery

(MHMM) and Siemens AG reached

agreement, that MHMM will acquire Siemens’

49 percent stake in Primetals Technologies.

Closing of the transaction is

subject to customary conditions and is

expected by early 2020. Siemens will support

the process to ensure a successful

closing of the transaction. Following closing,

MHMM will assume sole control of

Primetals Technologies. Financial details

of the transaction were not disclosed.

Primetals Technologies was established

in January 2015 and grew out of a long

history of innovation in the field of metals

production established by its predecessor

entities, Mitsubishi-Hitachi Metals Machinery

and Siemens VAI. Primetals Technologies

is an engineering, plant-building,

and lifecycle services partner for the

metals industry. Its creation was a result

of the desire to closely collaborate in the

field of metals machinery and develop an

enterprise between MHI and Siemens

that would be renowned for its technical

and business excellence.

Takashi Ishizuka, President and CEO,

Industry & Infrastructure of MHI,

MHMM’s parent company, expressed

his appreciation to Siemens: »I would

like to express my deep gratitude to

Siemens for their enormous contribution

to Primetals Technologies over the

past four years and nine months.«

Jochen Eickholt, Chairman of Siemens

Portfolio Companies said: »We have

successfully brought together our activities

in metal plant equipment and

have achieved a lot together. Now the

time is right for Primetals Technologies

to develop even further under the full

ownership of Mitsubishi-Hitachi Metals

Machinery. The agreement with MHI

benefits customers, employees, and

owners alike.«

steel market 01.2019


34 Blechexpo, strips & sheets

A prospect for coil prices to gain ground?

»If prices stay flat for long, it is more likely they will lose, not gain«

Each year, the Blechexpo and Euroblech raise expectations as to what will happen to the steel prices in the

following year. Both fairs are a platform for steel mills, distributors and fabricators to meet and talk, and normally

by the end of the week some figures in euros appear more clearly on the horizon. Quite often, it is the steel mills’

turn to give a clear signal – which normally mean upwards. But, if we recall the last Blechexpo in 2017, impulses

on prices remained feeble, and many buyers expect things to be similar this year.

September is often a month in which

the prices pick up after the summer break.

This year, even though the mills tried in vain

for hikes, many distributor buyers and others

within the industry believed that quarterly as

well as spot market prices will at best remain

stable going ahead.

According to Andreas Schneider of StahlmarktConsult,

the interplay of international

trade disputes, low domestic demand, falling

import prices and the correction of raw

materials costs leaves little hope for price

increases in Europe. The raw material costs

of the blast furnace route calculated in the

StahlmarktConsult cost model were down

by almost EUR 50 per tonne in the August

average. This means that the steel manufacturers'

most important argument for higher

prices has lost much of its weight, »even

though they will only benefit from the recent

declines with a certain delay.«

The slump in commodity prices has put

steel prices on the world market under

widespread pressure. Conversely, the weak

demand for steel products in many places is

a factor for falling raw material prices. Steelmakers

have been banking on the stock cycle

that would bring a »natural« upswing. But

with negative economic news, ordering

behavior is likely to remain very cautious,

Schneider stated. Many buyers agree. »Everyone

is reserved with buying these days.

Rather than buying big lots, people prefer to

buy smaller lots more often,« a manager of

a German service centre said, characterizing

the overall mood.

Regarding the overall European economy,

one Dutch observer noted that »many

experts believe that the economy in the

Federal Republic of Germany has entered a

recession. However, this will only become

Each year the Blechexpo raises expectations

as to where steel prices will go when the

next year starts.

apparent in October when the figures for the

third quarter will be published.« Fact is that

many German service centres, distributors

and cold rolling mills, as well as suppliers to

the automotive industry, are severely affected

by the drop in demand for strip and

sheet, he noted.

To improve their utilization, mills reportedly

have increasingly, started to go for enduser

customers, thus wooing for the clientele

normally served by distributors. This creates

not only irritation along the value chain

but confusion in pricing. One manager of a

distribution group puts it this way: »There is

no real base price any more, negotiations are

in relation with a tonnage. You submit a

request for a tonnage, then you get a price

offered,« he describes the process.

It is, therefore, little surprising that prices

reported by different buyers had a relatively

Copyright: Schall

wide range in August/September, and that

different customers ended up with different

prices, often wondering if the figure heard

from the other end can be true. One service

centre said it paid between EUR 470 and

EUR 480/ton for hot-rolled coil on its contract

for the fourth quarter. At another service

centre, part of a larger group, the manager

signed deals for EUR 450 to EUR 460/

ton. In fact, he claims that this was already

the level he paid in June, when the majority

vote was closer to the mark of EUR 480. The

size of the latter company may have helped

get friendlier prices, but the manager notes

that this is not always the case.

Galvanized coil can have a corrector

function

While prices for hot-rolled averaged at

EUR460-470, hot-dip galvanized coil was

seen in the range of EUR 550-570, and cold

rolled coil very similar, possibly some EUR 10

lower than that.

Galvanized coil is arguably the coil material

most under pressure from the crucial

slowdown in car production. But also, it can

have a vanguard function when reducing

production to stabilize prices. »It is easier to

stop a galvanizing line to take capacities out

of the market,« a trader explains. Against

that, »the hot-rolling and cold-rolling mills

have capacities in the millions and hundreds

of staff, so the decision to stop a galvanizing

line is more likely.«

Also, a blast furnace cannot be stopped

that easily for the sake of reducing excess

production. At the moment, there are no

noteworthy blast furnace relines planned at

the moment which would relieve the market

of capacities.

steel market 01.2019


Blechexpo, strips & sheets 35

Thyssenkrupp: No future for plate?

Investment abroad, not at home

Thyssenkrupp is currently reviewing its heavy plate production operations, and it appears very likely that the group

will give up this product group. Group CEO Guido Kerkhoff in August for the first time said explicitly that the group

»… will assess the potential« of its plate activities at Duisburg-Hüttenheim.

Copyright: Shutterstock

Heavy plate as Thyssenkrupps fine-grained high-strength steel type XABO 1300 is suited for applications like mobile cranes.

The business unit has been making losses

for years, and the company does not

expect much relief in the foreseeable future,

given the difficult market environment.

»Against this background we need to make

investment decisions responsibly and in the

interest of the overall steel activities,« the

division Thyssenkrupp Steel says in a statement.

The announcement has come under heavy

criticism from Thyssenkrupp’s works council,

which argues that that the company has

long missed out on investments to modernise

its plate production facilities. One such

investment should have been in a new cutting

line for hot-rolled strip for making plate,

according to the site’s shop chairman, Mehmet

Göktas. »The supervisory board decided

on a replacement of the cutting line back in

2008/09, knowing that the existing one

would not be competitive for much longer;

but that never happened,« he says.

The Hüttenheim site has a reversing mill to

roll plate from slab, but also makes plate

from coiled strip, which gets cut and subsequently

hardened and tempered to achieve

plate properties. In this section, a new cutting

line would have been necessary to deal

with high-tensile steels, »…which have

good chances on the market and achieve

high prices, whereas standard plate is under

much pressure from imports,« Göktas says.

Instead, Thyssenkrupp bought a relatively

modern cutting facility in Antwerp, the Antwerp

Decoil Center (ADC), for thicknesses of

2-20 mm, which was then renamed to Thyssenkrupp

Steel Heavy Plate Antwerp. »The

acquisition of an existing plant with a high

performance and with a very good connection

to road, rail and waterways made more

sense than a new construction,« Thyssenkrupp

said in a statement on that decision.

Shop chairman Göktas admits that the Antwerp

plant has the necessary state-of-the

art, and estimates that it was much cheaper

to buy it than to build a new one. But then,

the decision of course weakened Duisburg

as the company’s home-base location.

Decision by year-end

For Thyssenkrupp group, the plate segment

was already under review during

the failed merger with Tata Steel Europe.

A team of experts will now asses the

options for the company’s plate activities,

»… without prejudging the outcome,«

the company underlines. It envisages

a decision to come about until the

end of 2019, and prefers to refrain from

giving in-between updates before it has

all the facts cleared. »We do need time

to come to a decision based in facts; only

then we can give a concrete statement,«

it says.

If it decides in favour of a sale, the

question will remain who would buy. One

experienced buyer of plate from international

sources says he is not much surprised

about Thyssenkrupp’s announcement.

But he wonders »… if you can find a

buyer for it, because that would not help

the overcapacities we have in Europe.«

steel market 01.2019


36 Steel distribution & Service centres

Copyright (2): Knauf Interfer

The modern slitting line at the Walter Patz Plant is robot-supported and highly automated.

The Digital Supply Manager

Interview with Thomas Niederhofer (Knauf Interfer)

Steel service centers are growing increasingly into the role of „Digital Supply Chain Managers“. This was reported

by Thomas Niederhofer, Business Unit Manager Steel Service Center and Managing Director of Knauf Interfer Stahl

Service Center GmbH, in an interview with Steel Market European Edition.

SM: What are the most important trends

in the area of steel service centers?

TN: We continue to see digitization and

industry 4.0 as drivers of important trends

such as automation and robotization. Robots

for automatic handling of slitting tools automatic

removal or automatic coil storage are

just a few examples of how processes and

process chains in the Steel Service Centers

are changing.

SM: How has your role in the supply

chain changed?

TN: As a Steel Service Center, we are growing

more and more into the role of „Digital

Supply Chain Manager“. Through increasing

networking, we can digitally map the chain

from the plant to the end consumer and

generate added value for our customers

with speed, security and cost-effectiveness.

SM: More and more stockholders are

also offering preprocessing. How do you

react to this?

TN: Our focus is on securing the supply

chain. To this end, we offer a wide range of

logistics systems and storage systems such

as buffer stocks, security stocks and

warehousing. Of course, this also means that

we maintain stock tailored to customer

requirements. We offer further processing

within the Knauf Interfer Group via Knauf

Interfer Automotive Blanks GmbH.

SM: What role does digitisation play for

you?

TN: With a view to the future requirements

of our customers and suppliers, we create a

technological platform as a basis for suppor-

steel market 01.2019


Steel distribution & Service centres 37

ting logistics, production and sales with integrated

application software. In essence, our

strategy is aimed at improving our daily working

life and our relationship with business

partners - through digitization, but also

through the continuous optimization of our

competencies in logistics, automation, procurement

and process documentation.

SM: In which areas can you and your

customers benefit from digitisation?

TN: The new technological possibilities

enable shorter technical throughput times

with greater transparency and greater process

reliability. This benefits our customers

and suppliers just as much as we do as a

Steel Service Center.

SM: Where do you see the greatest

future challenges for service centers?

TN: We must constantly question our role as

a steel service center and help shape changes

in the market. In the automotive sector,

for example, we are facing far-reaching

changes in mobility concepts. The supply

Thomas Niederhofer, Business Unit Manager

Steel Service Center and Managing Director

of Knauf Interfer Stahl Service Center GmbH.

chain is also becoming ever shorter and integration

into customer processes ever closer.

One of the biggest challenges, not only in

our industry, will be the search for qualified

specialists.

SM: How do you intend to adjust to

this?

TN: Through our positioning as Digital Supply

Chain Manager, we are well prepared for

the challenges of the future - as an attractive,

sustainable employer and as an active

partner who can shape the supply chain

efficiently and economically. By outsourcing,

our customers have been entrusting us with

the procurement and scheduling process for

several years now. We are prepared for the

fact that this will intensify in the coming

years.

SM: Where do you see future opportunities?

TN: The demands placed on steel service

centers in terms of flexibility, delivery reliability

and process competence will continue to

rise. Companies that can use the potential

of digitization and industry 4.0 to optimize

their processes and act independently and

quickly can reposition themselves in this

dynamic environment. We believe that we

are well positioned in this respect.

INNOVATIV UND

LEISTUNGSSTARK.

SPALTBÄNDER · BLECHE · COILS

STAHL-SERVICE-CENTER

Hagener Feinblech

Service GmbH

Im Lindental 26 | D-58135 Hagen

Hammacher Str. 29 | D-58119 Hagen

Telefon +49 (0)2331.48 14-0

Telefax +49 (0)2331.48 14-30

info@hfs-hagen.de

www.hfs-hagen.de

Anzeige: HFS - Hagener Feinblech Service GmbH

steel market 01.2019

Medium: Stahlmarkt


38 Steel distribution & Service centres

Cutting, welding and additive

manufacturing

Multi-functional laser tools for sheet metal processing

Cutting, welding and additive manufacturing with one laser in one machine – this innovation, which gives the

sheet metal processing industry significant productivity and quality advantages, is the focus of MultiPROmobil, an

NRW Leitmarkt Project. Four partners are developing multi-functional laser tools to master the changing

production and technical challenges of new, electric vehicle designs. The Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology

ILT is coordinating the project, which will appeal in particular to small- and medium-sized companies.

Fast-changing products, fluctuating

batch sizes and innovative production concepts:

Hybrid lightweight construction and

electromobility require a balancing act between

flexibility and productivity. »In volatile

markets, laser technology combined with

digitalization is a predestined enabler for

cost-effective production,« explains Dr. Dirk

Petring, group leader for Macro Joining and

Cutting at Fraunhofer ILT and coordinator of

the joint project »Multifunctional robot technology

with a universal laser tool for separating,

joining and additive manufacturing

processes in semi-bionic lightweight e-mobility

– MultiPROmobil«.

Clever combi-head

Together with Bergmann & Steffen GmbH,

CAE Innovative Engineering GmbH and the

Laser Processing and Consulting Centre

(LBBZ GmbH), Fraunhofer ILT is developing a

multi-functional laser processing head and

robot technology for the flexible and economical

production of sheet metal component

assemblies.

A combi-head from Laserfact GmbH is

used, one that the scientists have continuously

developed over the last few years.

In the future, this head will not only enable

users to integrate cutting and welding but

also to additively generate structures. The

latter process already works with a replaceable

nozzle module. The project partners are

currently working on optimizing the combi-head

in such a way that it can execute all

three processes in a production plant »on

the fly« – i.e. without changing the optics or

nozzles.

Processing of an automotive structural component with the multifunctional laser tool.

The project is also focused on developing

intelligent design and simulation software

for an optimized process chain. With »Digital

Twins«, the project partner CAE Innovative

Engineering digitally can image machines,

processes and components to be produced

so that key figures of the process

chains can be identified and improved.

Using the highly flexible process chain, the

MultiPROmobil partners can digitally display

new vehicle components, then test and

evaluate the developed technology. In an

industrial environment at project partner

LBBZ, a robot that masters all three manufacturing

disciplines will produce semi-bionic

vehicle structures with a laser. As the first

application example, the triangular control

arm of an electric vehicle will be optimally

designed and cut, then welded and reinforced

with additive structures in the multifunctional

laser robot cell, all without a single

tool change. Of particular importance here

is the flexibility of the clamping technology

developed by Bergman & Steffen GmbH. In

the future, several multifunctional robots are

to be used in highly flexible manufacturing

cells, depending on the size of the assembly

and the required cycle time.

More efficiency and lower costs

The project partners predict that engineering

efficiency can be increased and startup times

reduced by around 30 percent each. In addition,

they want to reduce unit costs and

resource consumption by at least 20 percent

each. »With agile, laser-based manufacturing,

process chains for the production of

Copyright (2): Fraunhofer ILT

steel market 01.2019


Steel distribution & Service centres 39

sheet metal assemblies can be made very

flexible and scalable so that they can be gradually

introduced into electromobility applications«,

explains Dr. Petring.

The technology invented at Fraunhofer ILT

with the combination head from Laserfact is

already being used in the industry, for

example when cutting and welding strip

ends in coating and inspection lines of the

steel industry, as well as when producing

high-precision metal assemblies. With the

further development of the combi-head,

MultiPROmobil will now appeal, in particular,

to small- and medium-sized companies

that make an important contribution to the

future market of e-mobility.

The MultiPROmobil project will run for

three years, is coordinated by Fraunhofer ILT

and funded by the European Regional

Development Fund (ERDF) and the State of

North Rhine-Westphalia.

Multifunctional laser processing head that can already cut and weld innovative sheet metal

assemblies. Now, additional additive manufacturing steps are added.

Stahlo with new Managing Director on course for growth

Change at Stahlo Stahlservice: On October

1, Oliver Sonst took over as Managing

Director. He stands for the reorientation

of the company towards the

future - through technological leadership

in the field of high-tech steel processing,

strong partnerships in the automotive

industry and expansion into the

Eastern European market.

This year, Stahlo puts its new plant in

Gera into operation, which is unrivalled in

Europe with the latest production technology.

With the new building, the company not

only doubles the number of plants, but also

increases production capacity to around

400,000 tons of steel per year in Gera. At

the end of last year, Stahlo took over Blech-

Service Nordhausen, significantly expanding

its range of services.

The expansion of business in the Eastern

European markets is on the agenda for the

future. Great tasks for the new managing

director of Stahlo, who has been in charge

of the company since 1 October.

Oliver Sonst has written the growth history

of Welser Profile GmbH, based in Austria,

in recent years, as Managing Director since

2014. Previously, he held numerous international

management positions at Benteler

Oliver Sonst

Distribution Germany and the Erbslöh Group

- always focusing on the development of

cutting-edge technology and customer proximity.

Experienced manager

Copyright: Stahlo

Since October, Oliver Sonst has been leading

the company with headquarters in Dillenburg,

locations in Gera and Nordhausen as

well as subsidiaries and sales offices in

Poland, the Czech Republic and Benelux:

»With Mr. Sonst, we have gained an experienced

manager with an excellent reputation.

He has already written several success stories

in the steel and automotive industries. And

he stands for growth,« says Prof. Dr. Friedhelm

Loh, owner and CEO of the Friedhelm

Loh Group, to which Stahlo belongs.

»This is an exciting task to which I am very

much looking forward,« says Oliver Sonst:

»Stahlo offers a unique integrated manufacturing

competence with state-of-the-art

production technology, is a reliable partner

and family business with heart and mind. I

am convinced that we at Stahlo will open a

new chapter and further expand our market

position.«

Oliver Sonst succeeds Guido Spenrath,

who is leaving the company to take up a

new challenge outside the Friedhelm Loh

Group.

Stahlo is one of the most modern and largest

mill-independent steel service centers in

Germany. The range includes the complete

delivery program for all important materials

in the sheet metal market. At the Dillenburg,

Gera and Nordhausen sites, the company

produces slit strip, blanks, standard formats,

shaped blanks and contours in all common

grades - up to high- and ultra-high-strength

- according to individual customer requirements.

steel market 01.2019


40 Steel distribution & Service centres

Copyright (5): EMW Stahl-Service-Center

Delivery status, the query of quantities ready for dispatch, an order history or delivery papers and test certificates - customers get all the information

from the platform www.yoursteel.de.

»More and more logistics tasks«

Interview with Michael Mockenhaupt, director EMW Stahl-Service-Center

What’s going on in the field of steel service centers? Steel Market European Edition talked to Michael

Mockenhaupt, director EMW Stahl-Service-Center, about new market trends and how they effect the

company’s business.

Steel Market (SM): What are the main

trends in the field of steel service centers?

Michael Mockenhaupt (MM): In addition

to the provisioning of high-quality materials

that we do anyway, a newer and recent

focus is on cooperations between steelworks,

steel services and steel processors.

This results in taking over of more and more

logistics tasks within the supply chain. In

addition, storage and transport as well as

IT-related processes via Electronic Data

Interchange (EDI) play an increasingly

important role in todays business.

SM: You are increasingly focusing on

optimizing customers‘ supply chains.

What is the intention for this?

MM: Customer proximity is one of the key

factors in our business strategy. This also

applies to the geographic component. For

years, we have been focusing on the increasing

importance on Central European markets.

With success! With the plant in Treuen,

we increase the overall process speed on our

and thus also on the part of our customers.

We can now serve increasing volume needs

just-in-time more efficiently. But not only

customers from the area are benefiting from

this investment, also Poland, the Czech

Republic, Hungary, Slovakia and other Central

European countries are supplied more

efficiently.

Michael Mockenhaupt, Managing Director

EMW Stahl-Service-Center.

SM: You have introduced an EMW portal.

What is the purpose of this portal?

MM: Our customer portal www.yoursteel.

de makes all order-related data transparent

for customers. Whether current delivery status,

the query of quantities ready for

dispatch, an order history or delivery papers

and test certificates - customers get all the

information up-to-date and from a single

source. This will be followed soon by further

logistical benefits, such as pick-up control

and the coordination of partial deliveries.

SM: What is your first interim assessment

of the portal?

MM: We do see a great acceptance of the

portal. It is just easy and useful for the customer.

It is unique in the steel service industry

in this form. With our portal, we cover the

entire process chain of processing, transparently

and at any time. But as it is such a new

approach, we are very sensible for customer

feedback in order to further optimize the portal

for their needs. It helps us to stay in touch

with the customers and learn from them.

SM: Where do you see the effects of

digitalisation elsewhere?

MM: The digital transformation is not only

changing processes in production, sales or

other internal aspects. It changes the expectations

of our customers and partners.

Speed, availability and automation are key

components for success today.

Our customers want to make their processes

faster, more efficient and smarter. As a

steel service center, we see one of our main

tasks to respond to the growing needs within

the process flows, and also to drive

them. We show our customers potential and

concrete digital solutions.

SM: How do you intend to prepare for

this?

MM: Industry 4.0 is not the future, it is the

presence and we are prepared to adapt the

new challenges coming up with it. We are

aware that we need more agility than that

steel market 01.2019


Steel distribution & Service centres 41

was the case years ago. For that reason, we

are constantly analyzing the market and listening

to our partners and customers.

For example, our new EMW portal, which

enables customers today to retrieve all

order data bundled. Users can view orders,

check whether they are ready for delivery

or delivered, or access current and past

transactions directly via their order number.

Further services are already in planning.

That is one reason why we – for example

– entered a strategic cooperation with fabrikado,

a Cloud-based Internet platform

with immediate cost calculation, optimized

ordering processes, production and delivery

on the customer and supplier side. At the

heart of the platform is an intelligent algorithm,

the basis of which minimizes the

entire supply chain process and, through

machine learning, permanently adapts the

logic of the platform to the volatile

demands of the market. It allows us to integrate

processes into our ERP systems and

create complicated offers in seconds. That

is what the customer expects today and we

are well prepared for it.

EMW has an extensive stock of metal sheets.

SM: Where do you see the greatest

opportunities?

MM: We are in a unique situation, because

we have a strong position within the Schäfer

Werke Group, which provides us with synergies

in production, development sales and

other areas. Saying this, we are still one of

Europe’s largest independent Steel Service

Centres with great market experience. Both

Slit strip coils ready for processing.

aspects make us optimistic for future

developments

Two future topics or trends are very

important to us. First is mobility. What will

the mobility concepts of the future look like

and what impact will this have on steel

consumption? Second is the digital transformation

and evolution. To what extent will

digitization processes and platforms determine

the future of our business? Both trends

can be dangerous for any organization. But

we see more opportunities to act successfully

on the market with optimized, changed or

new business models.

Logistics are playing an increasingly important role for steel service centres.

steel market 01.2019


42 Steel distribution & Service centres

thyssenkrupp to invest over

70 million euros

State-of-the-art logistics center and new warehouses are to be built

thyssenkrupp Materials Services, the distribution and service provider of the thyssenkrupp Group, is investing

around 70 million euros in the modernization and expansion of its European warehousing and logistics network. A

state-of-the-art logistics center and new warehouses are to be built in Germany, Poland and Hungary. The

investments are an important part of thyssenkrupp Materials Services’ strategy. Under its »Materials as a Service«

approach, the western world’s biggest materials distributor is focusing on expanding its portfolio of services

supplementing its core business.

»Expanding and modernizing our capacities

are important elements of our

growth,« says Klaus Keysberg, Chief Executive

Officer of thyssenkrupp Materials Services.

»Innovative logistics, automation and

digitalization will help us improve our performance

and our productivity. That means

we can cater even better to the individual

requirements of our customers while they

can concentrate on their core business.«

Connected processing equipment and the

digital integration of the company’s sites will

ensure flexible and perfectly coordinated

logistics processes and services.

New logistics center

A state-of-the-art logistics center with

around 36,000 square meters of storage

space is to be built in Rotenburg/Wümme

(Lower Saxony). The company is investing

around 60 million euros in the site, which

will store up to 20,000 tons of materials to

guarantee maximum material availability.

thyssenkrupp Materials Services is investing a total of 11 million euros in the expansion of its

sites in Nowe Marzy (picture), Poland and the Hungarian capital Budapest.

The main goal is the modernization and expansion of the European warehousing and logistics

network.

The groundbreaking is planned for the end

of the year. Serving customers in the north

of Germany, the new logistics and processing

center is scheduled to go into operation

in 2021.

thyssenkrupp Materials Services is investing

a total of 11 million euros in the expansion

of its sites in Nowe Marzy, Poland and

the Hungarian capital Budapest. Two new

modern warehouses are to start operation

at the end of September. With around

13,500 square meters of storage space, the

new warehouse in Nowe Marzy is an addition

to the hub in north Poland, which was

built in 2017. The new facility in Budapest

will cover a space of around 6,500 square

meters.

With around 480 locations – 271 of them

warehousing locations – in over 40 countries,

thyssenkrupp Materials Services is the

biggest materials distributor and service provider

in the western world.

Copyright (2): thyssenkrupp Materials Services

steel market 01.2019


Steel distribution & Service centres 43

247TAILORSTEEL EXPANDS IN GERMANY

Carel van Sorgen in the 247TailorSteel site in Varsselder (Netherlands).

247TailorSteel will expand its activities in

Germany. The new production facility will be built in

Hilden (near Düsseldorf) and initially equipped with

4 lasers and 4 bending benches. »This expansion will

contribute to our growth target and strengthen our

brand and position in the market,« says the company

in a statement.

»The opening of this new production facility in Hilden

will enable us to offer our customers even better

service and faster delivery of our high-quality products.

Thanks to our Sophia portal, customers can

place their orders online around the clock, receive a

quote in just one minute and have their product delivered

within 48 hours. Our own machinery is completely

under our own control«. The machines are

available to the customers for laser cutting, tubes

and edging parts.

In spring, company founder Carel van Sorgen sold 60

percent of the shares to the financial investor Parcom.

247TailorSteel now has 480 employees and a

turnover of 100 million euros. »I myself will remain

a minority shareholder with proper voting rights,«

says van Sorgen.

Van Sorgen regards the takeover as a further logical

step towards being able to continue growing internationally

under his own steam. Over the next two

years, investments amounting to 40 million euros are

planned. The aim is to open new plants. »I believe

there is still plenty of room for further expansion. We

have already taken the first major steps in Germany,«

reports van Sorgen. »We are also receiving more and

more orders from Austria and Switzerland. And

Oyten, near Bremen, is not far away from Denmark.«

Copyright: 247TailorSteel

IB ANDRESEN CERTIFIED

Ib Andresen Industri, Danish supplier of

steel-based solutions, is now certified to weld

grades of steel up to S700 – pursuant to

EN-1090 – and this has already resulted in the

enlargement of an existing partnership. »With

the S700 enhancement of our EN 1090 certification,

we can now offer to weld high-strength

steel in-house, which provides several advantages,«

explains Sales Manager Lars Bohnsen,

who continues: »It shortens our lead times and

makes us more flexible. Specifically, we have a

customer who before had to weld the sectional

steel workpieces we delivered before they

could forward the steel to their assembly

department. Today, we deliver these parts

already welded, saving the company an internal

welding process.«

Ib Andresen Industri will also bring the S700

welds into play in other customer relationships,

whereas we previously outsourced this to

subcontractors in our network. Similarly, new

customers will also be able to benefit if they

need this. According to Quality Manager Peter

Sylow Madsen, the organisation is well equipped

to weld high-strength steel: »Actually, the

upgrade of the EN-1090 certification reflects a

market need for which we adapt and develop

our welding systems and skillsets – together

with our welding organisation comprising IWE

and IWS skillsets and an NDT Level 3 organisation.

The initiatives of recent years are in

keeping with our welding strategy and generally

illustrate the high priority we give to welding.«

In addition to EN1090-2 exc. 3, Ib Andresen

Industri is also certified to ISO 3834-2.

TRIPLE-S STEEL ACQUIRED SHAMROCK STEEL SALES

Triple-S Steel Holdings executed the

acquisition of Shamrock Steel Sales, the largest

general lines steel service center and

distributor of structural steel located in the

Permian Basin. Shamrock also shears, shapes

and rolls steel plate and sheet and does light

rebar and structural fabrication. Based in

Texas, Triple-S Steel Holdings operates as a

holding company. The Company, through its

subsidiaries, manufactures steel products for

bridges, stadiums, barges, and large buildings.

steel market 01.2019


44 Personalities

VIP-Site

ABB names Björn Rosengren

as CEO

Björn Rosengren, President and CEO of

Sandvik, will leave the company as of 1

February 2020. He will join ABB on February

1, 2020 as Chief Executive Officer

and succeed CEO, Peter Voser, in this

role on March 1, 2020. At that time

Peter Voser will revert to his position at

ABB solely as Chairman of the Board.

»Björn Rosengren has, since he joined

Sandvik in November 2015, established

Herbert Eibensteiner (right) takes

over from Wolfgang Eder.

Copyright: voestalpine

Wolfgang Eder hands

chairmanship of the Management

Board to Herbert Eibensteiner

At the Annual General Meeting, Herbert

Eibensteiner took over as the Chairman of

the Management Board of voestalpine AG

from Wolfgang Eder, who served in this

position for more than 15 years. Herbert

Eibensteiner is an internationally experienced

manager, who started his career at

voestalpine as a plant engineer in 1989

after completing his degree in mechanical

engineering/business management. He

held numerous executive positions in the

company before being appointed to the

Management Board and simultaneously

the Head of the Metal Forming Division in

DVS General Manager

Dr. Boecking on the Board of

Directors of IIW

The 72 nd Annual Assembly of the International

Institute of Welding (IIW) and its

subsequent conference was particularly

significant for DVS, the German Welding

Society, this year because the DVS General

Manager Dr. Roland Boecking was elected

as a new member of the Board of Directors

of IIW. Germany is now represented by

three members in the International Institute

of Welding to which Professor Thomas

2012. Eibensteiner’s switch to the Steel

Division in October 2014 made him the

Head of the Group’s biggest revenue earner.

»I look forward to continuing to

further develop voestalpine’s successful

business model in a consistent way. With

a focus on innovation, internationalization,

and value-added growth as well as our

commitment to sustainability, we will continue

our journey towards a technology

group,« Eibensteiner stated. Wolfgang

Eder, the departing CEO, worked for the

voestalpine Group for 41 years, being

Chairman of its Management Board for

more than 15 years. Under his leadership,

the voestalpine Group developed from an

Austrian steel company into a global technology

group.

Böllinghaus, Vice-President of the Federal

Institute for Materials Research and Testing

(BAM) in Berlin, and Dipl.-Ing. Christian

Ahrens, International Welding Consultant,

Duisburg, already belong. Dr. Boecking

considers it to be an honour to be appointed

to the Board of Directors. He is looking

forward to the forthcoming tasks in IIW.

»The next months will certainly become

intensive and exciting,« said the DVS

General Manager. The headquarters of IIW

will be relocated from Paris/France to

Genoa/Italy on January 1, 2020. Dr. Luca

Costa from the Italian Welding Society is

Björn Rosengren

Copyright: ABB

a solid decentralized business model for

the company and made the organization

more flexible and efficient,« says

Johan Molin, Chairman of the Board for

Sandvik. »This has not been an easy

decision. Sandvik is a great company

with a lot of future potential and I will

continue to lead the organization with

a strong commitment until end of January,«

says Björn Rosengren.

becoming the new CEO of IIW and resigned

from his office as the Treasurer of IIW

for this purpose. The current CEO of IIW,

Dr. Cecile Mayer from the French Welding

Institute, was thanked for her many years

of commendable activity.

steel market 01.2019


Personalities 45

Changes in the Andritz AG

Executive Board

Mark von Laer, who has been Chief Financial

Officer of Andritz since March 1, 2017,

will leave the company at the end of 2019.

The Supervisory Board has appointed Norbert

Nettesheim as his successor, effective

as of December 1, 2019.

Nettesheim was born in 1962 and has a

degree in business administration from the

University of Cologne. He has extensive

experience in project business and spent the

greater part of his career in managerial positions

with increasing responsibility at the

Voith Group, including the position of commercial

director in various group companies

and most recently as head of Group Controlling,

Accounting and Investments.

The positions of the other Executive Board

members of Andritz remain unchanged.

Norbert Nettesheim

Copyright: Petra A. Killick

Group Compliance Executive

Kaufmann leaves Thyssen-Krupp

In the context of the strategic and

structural realignment of the thyssenkrupp

Group, Dr. Donatus Kaufmann,

member of the Executive Board of

thyssenkrupp AG, reached an agreement

with the Supervisory Board of

thyssenkrupp AG to end his mandate

as a member of the Executive Board

of thyssenkrupp AG by mutual agreement.

Dr. Kaufmann will leave the

Executive Board of thyssenkrupp AG

Henrik Adam now leads Tata Steel

Europe

Henrik Adam: Henrik Adam

Copyright: Tata Steel

In a change of leadership at Tata Steel Europe,

Henrik Adam replaced Hans Fischer as

Chief Executive Officer on 1 July. The former

Chief Commercial Officer has been on

board since 2011. Prior to that, he held

various positions at thyssenkrupp, including

CEO of thyssenkrupp Electrical Steel. In his

new role as director of Tata Steel‘s Europe

division, he will in future report directly to

the main site in India. In addition, the company

informed the stock exchanges that

former incumbent Fischer would now continue

to serve on the Board of Directors as

a non-executive director. In an advisory

capacity he should ensure a smooth change

of leadership.

Due to the failed merger plans between Tata

Steel and thyssenkrupp, the new appointment

is aimed primarily at increasing the

company‘s economic independence. »Given

the challenging external conditions, our

European business will continue to focus on

higher quality and specified steel products

that will make our customers more competitive

and successful,« explains T.V.

Narendran, CEO of the parent company Tata

Steel.

In mid-June, the steel division of thyssenkrupp

already announced a change at the

top management. Andreas Goss, who

should also have led the joint venture with

Tata Steel Europe, was replaced by former

Chief Financial Officer Premal Desai.

Dr. Donatus Kaufmann

Copyright: thyssenkrupp

and the company effective September

30, 2019. He has been a member of

the Executive Board of thyssenkrupp

AG since February 1, 2014. »In recent

years, Donatus Kaufmann has enhanced

the change in values and culture

as well as the Group‘s compliance and

governance approach in a way that is

exemplary in German industry. He has

set a clear course in the Group‘s innovation

management and consistently

advanced the digital transformation

of the industrial group and its businesses,«

Martina Merz, Chairwoman of

the Supervisory Board of thyssenkrupp

AG states.

steel market 01.2019


46 Personalities

VIP-Site

BASF Supervisory Board extends

appointment of three members of the

Executive Board

At the end of July, the Supervisory Board of

the chemicals group BASF extended the

orders for three of its members of the Executive

Board, which expire next year. Orders

for Saori Dubourg and Markus Kamieth will

be extended for a period of five years until

the end of the 2025 Annual General Meeting,

and for Wayne Smith for two years

before the end of the 2022 Annual General

Meeting.

Dubourg and Kamieth have been members

of the Executive Board since 2017. Dubourg

is responsible for Agricultural Solutions,

Markus Kamieth

Copyright: BASF

Construction Chemicals, Bioscience Research

and the Europe region. Kamieth‘s responsibilities

include Care Chemicals and

New Business. He is also responsible for the

region of South America. Smith has been a

Saori Dubourg

Copyright: BASF

Wayne Smith

Copyright: BASF

member of the Executive Board since 2012.

In addition to leading numerous business

areas, including North America, he has

served as Chairman and CEO of BASF Corporation

since 2015.

Appointments in the Steering

Commitee of Acerinox

The Board of Directors of Acerinox has

approved, at the proposal of the Appointments,

Remuneration and Corporate

Governance Committee, the appointments

of Fernando Gutiérrez as Strategy and Raw

Materials Director, Oswald Wolfe as Director

of Institutional Relations, Sustainability

and Communication and Mark Davis as

CEO of Bahru Stainless.

Fernando Gutiérrez, new Strategy and Raw

Materials Director, is an Industrial Engineer

by ICAI - Universidad Pontificia de Comillas.

He joined Acerinox Group in 2001 at the

Commercial Department. In 2002 he was

transferred to the Corporate Planning

Department. After that, in 2008, he was

promoted to Deputy Head of Raw Material

Purchasing of the Group. In 2012 he assumed

the responsibility of Director of this

Department, and in 2018 he was appointed

Strategy Director of the Group.

Oswald Wolfe, Director of Institutional Relations,

Sustainability and Communication,

will be based at the headquarters in Madrid.

Oswald has a Bachelor in Law and Master

in International Management. He joined

the Acerinox Group in 1984 in the Commercial

Department, occupying different

positions and responsibilities throughout his

career, with wide professional expertise at

national and international levels. After that,

he was promoted to Commercial Director

of the Group in 2010 and in 2014 CEO of

Bahru Stainless.

Mark Davis, CEO of Bahru Stainless, is

Metallurgical Engineer. He joined the Acerinox

Group in 2001 in the Technical

Department of North American Stainless

(NAS). After that, he held different positions

as Hot Mill, Cold Mill Manager and

Melt Shop areas. In 2011, he was promoted

to Director of Operations Bahru Stainless

at the Malaysian factory and in January

2019 he was appointed as General Manager

of Bahru Stainless.

Daniel Wodera new CFO of

Thyssenkrupp Materials Services

Daniel Wodera has become CFO of Thyssenkrupp‘s

materials trader and service provider

with effect from 1 October. This was confirmed

by the Supervisory Board of Thyssenkrupp

Materials Services at its meeting this

Friday. Since 2014, Klaus Keysberg has held

the post of CFO. In January of this year, he

was appointed CEO of Thyssenkrupp Materials

Services. Since then, he has also been in

charge of the finance department.

The 39-year-old Wodera, a business graduate

and since 2001 in the group, comes from the

Italian subsidiary Acciai Speciali Terni (AST)

Daniel Wodera

Copyright: thyssenkrupp

back to Essen, Germany. In Italy, Wodera has

been CFO since 2015. As a member of the

executive board, he has an important part in

the successful restructuring of AST. Prior to his

appointment as CFO of AST, Wodera held

various leadership positions at Thyssenkrupp

Materials Services, most recently from 2012

to 2015 as Head of Controlling.

»I am very happy that Daniel Wodera completes

our board team. Each of us brings

different skills and a broad business experience.

I am convinced that we are in the best

position to work together with our employees

to successfully advance Material Services,«

said Klaus Keysberg, CEO of Thyssenkrupp

Materials Services.

steel market 01.2019


Literature 47

Recent Trends in Mechanical

Engineering: Select Proceedings of

ICIME 2019 (Lecture Notes in

Mechanical Engineering)

11 January 2020

G. S. V. L. Narasimham (Publisher), A. Veeresh

Babu (Publisher), S. Sreenatha Reddy (Publisher),

Rajagopal Dhanasekaran (Publisher)

This book comprises select peer-reviewed

proceedings from the International

Conference on Innovations in Mechanical

Engineering (ICIME 2019). The volume

covers current research in almost all major

areas of mechanical engineering, and is divided

into six parts: (i) automobile and thermal

engineering, (ii) design and optimization, (iii)

production and industrial engineering, (iv)

material science and metallurgy, (v) nanoscience

and nanotechnology, and (vi) renewable

energy sources and CAD/CAM/CFD. The

topics provide insights into different aspects

of design-ing, modeling, manufacturing,

optimizing, and processing with wide ranging

applications. The contents of this book

can be of interest to researchers and professionals

alike.

Stability and Ductility of Steel

Structures 2019: Proceedings of the

International Colloquia on Stability

and Ductility of Steel Structures

Sdss 2019, September 11-13, 2019,

Prague, Czech Republic

Franticek Wald (Publisher), Michal Jandera

(Publisher)

For more than forty years the series of

International Colloquia on Stability and Ductility

of Steel Structures has been supported

by the Structural Stability Research Council

(SSRC). Its objective is to present the latest

results in theoretical, numerical and experimental

research in the area of stability and

ductility of steel and steel-concrete composite

structures. In Stability and Ductility of Steel

Structures 2019, the focus is on new concepts

and procedures concerning the analysis and

design of steel structures and on the background,

development and application of rules

and recommendations either appearing in

recently published Codes or Specifications

and in emerging versions, all in anticipation

of the new edition of Eurocodes. The series of

International Colloquia on Stability and Ductility

of Steel Structures started in Paris in

1972. The 2019 edition of SDSS is organized

by the Czech Technical University in Prague.

Transactions on Intelligent

Welding Manufacturing:

Volume II No. 4 2018

24 August 2019

Shanben Chen (Publisher), Yuming Zhang

(Publisher), Zhili Feng (Publisher)

The primary aim of this volume is to

provide researchers and engineers from both

academia and industry with up-to-date

coverage of recent advances in the fields of

robotic welding, intelligent systems and

automation. It gathers selected papers from

the 2018 International Conference on

Robotic Welding, Intelligence and Automation

(RWIA 2018), held Oct 20-22, 2018 in

Guangzhou, China. The contributions reveal

how intelligentized welding manufacturing

(IWM) is becoming an inescapable trend, just

as intelligentized robotic welding is becoming

a key technology. The volume is divided

into four main parts: Intelligent Techniques

for Robotic Welding, Sensing in Arc Welding

Processing, Modeling and Intelligent Control

of Welding Processing, and Intelligent Control

and its Applications in Engineering.

steel market 01.2019


48 Literature / Company brochures

REWAS 2019: Manufacturing

the Circular Materials

Economy (The Minerals,

Metals & Materials Series)

PAC-CLAD Petersen

Architectural Metal

15 February 2019

Gabrielle Gaustad (Publisher), Camille

Fleuriault (Publisher), Mertol Gökelma

(Publisher), John A. Howarter (Publisher),

Randolph Kirchain (Publisher), Kaka Ma

(Publisher), Christina Meskers (Publisher),

Neale R. Neelameggham (Publisher), Elsa

Olivetti (Publisher), Adam C. Powell (Publisher),

Fiseha Tesfaye (Publisher), Dirk Verhulst

(Publisher), Mingming Zhang (Publisher)

Every sector faces unique challenges in the

transition to sustainability. Across each,

materials will play a key role. That will

depend on novel materials and processes,

but these will only be effective with a solid

understanding of the trends in the market.

For each respective sector, the papers in

this collection will explore the trends and

drivers toward sustainability, the enabling

materials technologies and challenges,

and the tools to evaluate their implications.

Major sections in REWAS 2019 include:

Disruptive Material Manufacturing: Scaling

and Systems Challenges, Education and

Workforce Development, Rethinking Production,

Secondary and Byproduct Sources

of Materials, Minerals, and Metals.

Petersen has developed a complete line

of PAC-CLAD metal products including

column covers, corrugated panels, metal

composite panels, metal plate panels and

custom heavy gauge fabrication. In this brochure

the Chicago-based company presents

the whole range of applications.

Petersen

1005 Tonne Road

Elk Grove Village

IL 60007

USA,

www.pac.clad.com

Bechem Avantin

As the oldest German manufacturer of

industrial lubricants, Bechem today is one

of the leading producers of high-quality

special lubricants. Bechem Avantin is a product

series of water-miscible coolant lubricants.

From the all-rounder for multi-metal

applications and the expert on series processing

in automotive production lines, to

the specialist in broaching and deep drilling

operations, BECHEM offers different product

solutions. This brochure presents an

overview of the possibilities.

CARL BECHEM GMBH

Weststr. 120

58089 Hagen

Germany

Phone +49 2331 9350

www.bechem.com

Transport – the most

lightweight bus body

material concept

Stalatube is a supplier of stainless steel

products for the transport industry. The

company offers an interesting lightweight

bus body material concept. Its tubes,

steel market 01.2019


Company brochures 49

sheets, sheet metal components and welded

structures are manufactured from a

variety of stainless steel grades, such as

strength class STALA400F for stronger ferritics

and STALA630D for stronger Lean

Duplex. This brochure gives a detailed

overview of possible applications in the

transport sector.

Stainless Steel Solutions

for the Aerospace Industry

Specializing in Steel Buildings

STALATUBE OY

Taivalkatu 7

15170 Lahti

Finland

Phone +358 3 882 190

www.stalatube.com

Structural Shapes

The aerospace industry is dedicated

to the highest quality standards. Stainless

steel producer Ugitech is a certified supplier

to many producers of planes, helicopters

and components. The company

has summarized its range of stainless

steel products for this particular industry

in a new brochure.

With over 30 years of steel construction

behind it, Canadian company JDG continues

to move forward by providing clients with a

high level of service. JDG specializes in preengineered

buildings, general contracting

and in providing design/build services. From a

modest private shop or storage building to

the most complex industrial project steel buildings

have proven to be an economical and

efficient building solution. This brochure supplies

an overview of the possibilities.

Nippon Steel has published a brochure

on the use of structural shapes. Especially

H-shapes are part of the classical

product range of the Japanese steel producer.

What the company means by the

slogan »Leading the New Era on Structural

Shapes with Pioneer Spirits« you will

find out on 96 pages.

Nippon Steel Corporation

2-6-1, Marunouchi

Chiyoda-ku,

Tokyo, 100-8071

Japan

Phone +81 3 6867-4111

www.nipponsteel.com

Ugitech SA

Avenue Paul Girod CS90100

73403 UGINE Cedex

France

Phone +33 4 7989-3030,

www.ugitech.com

JDG Construction

1070 14th Street West

North Vancouver

B.C. Canada, V7P 3P3

Phone +1 604-986-4494

www.jdgconstruction.ca

With us, advertising prices are small

and results are big!

Our Advertising Team:

Claudia Cremer: +49 (0) 22 03 35 84-166, claudia.cremer@maenken.com

Tim Jansen: +49 (0) 22 03 35 84-172, tim.jansen@maenken.com

Susanne Kessler: +49 (0) 22 03 35 84-116, susanne.kessler@maenken.com

steel market 01.2019


50 Steel events / Advertiser‘s index / Imprint

IN THE NEXT ISSUE...

This preview may be subject to change.

METALLURGY

When it gets hot: Schmidt + Clemens has developed new high-temperature materials. In an interview with MPT International,

the company explains what the materials are used for.

DIGITALISATION

Copyright: Shutterstock

Managing obsolescence in steel manufacturing. The steel industry shows a greater

awareness of how automation and digitalization can improve traditional processes

and benefit predictive maintenance. EU Automation explains how obsolescence

management procedures, such as retrofitting, can achieve tangible benefits for

steelmakers.

Advertiser’s index

BEPRO Blech und

Profilstahl GmbH & Co.KG 1

Euroforum Deutschland GmbH 23

Heitmann Stahlhandel

GmbH & Co. KG 2, 51

HFS Hagener Feinblech Service GmbH 37

FRIEDRICH KOCKS GmbH & Co KG 52

IMPRINT

»Steel Market« is published by

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steel market 01.2019


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