An a priori artlang
Nouns Adhrynn nouns are inflected for plurality, duality, completeness or generality, possession and to turn them into other parts of speech, the most important of which is an attributive noun. There are no grammatical genders (unless inferred by the noun itself, like brother, sister, mother, etc. or found in certain suffixed noun forms), no cases and no specified articles, definite or indefinite. THE SINGULAR Countable roots are concrete things, complete concepts or completed actions (e.g. bears, languages, killings). In their root, uninflected form, they describe a single instance of a thing or action. Uncountable roots, in the singular, describe a quantity of a thing (e.g. water, blood, iron). Adjectival roots describe a quality (e.g. strength, bravery, greenness): nadh beauty lam (a) quantity of milk, (some) milk drogh (a) duty leom (a) flower mydh (a) king megh (a) girl bradh (a) table mour (a) man dhryn (a) language lordh strength droudh (a) dog ragh (a) quantity of blood, (some) blood heorn (an) eye radh (a) person fheand (a) sword sdhar (an) omen fhem nobility sfhraun (a) boy fles (a) bow scron (a) warrior gaurn (a) lake smaun (a) harp glean (a) hand sogh (a) quantity of wood, (some) wood gordh (a) bear sedh sweetness (of fragrance) gron (a) quantity of iron, (some) iron mas bravery hend (a) child mayan (a) mother hes greenness lerm (a) cup hron (a) brother mayos (a) quantity of water, (some) water
THE COMMON PLURAL The common plural form of a noun is made using slightly different modifications of each Final Consonant in the root: Final Consonant Changes (Common Plural) r rre l lle d dra nd ndra rd rda ld lda dh dhra ndh ndhra rdh rdha ldh ldha gh ghma ngh ngha rgh rgha m mme n nne s sse rm rma rn rna nadhra (some) beautiful ones lamme (some) quantities of milk droghma (some) duties leomme (some) flowers mydhra (some) kings meghma (some) girls bradhra (some) tables mourre (some) men dhrynne (some) languages lordha (some) strong ones droudhra (some) dogs raghma (some) quantities of blood heorna (some) eyes radhra (some) people fheandra (some) swords sdharre (some) omens fhemme (some) noble ones sfhraunne (some) boys flesse (some) bows scronne (some) warriors gaurna (some) lakes smaunne (some) harps gleanne (some) hands soghma (some) quantities of wood gordha (some) bears sedhra (some) sweet ones gronne (some) quantities of iron masse (some) brave ones hendra (some) children mayanne (some) mothers hesse (some) green ones lerma (some) cups hronne (some) brothers mayosse (some) quantities of water Note that adjectival roots describing a quality become nouns displaying that quality in the common plural. These are genderless, but can assume suffixes to indicate a male (-eya) or female (-aya). These suffixes replace the final a or e of the normal common plural. Thus, nadhra beautiful ones, nadhraya beautiful females, lordha strong ones, lordheya strong males. To form the singular of one of these words, it must be preceded by the number one: hem nadhraya a beautiful female, hem lordheya a strong male. These gender suffixes can also be used to add gender to non-qualitative nouns: hem droudhreya a male dog, hendraya female children. When specific numbers of a pluralised root are needed, a numeral precedes it. The common plural is used in all such cases, even if the number is one. hem gordha dar radhra las fheandra one bear two people three swords The complete number system is detailed in a later section. The common plural is used when one or more incident of a noun is being spoken or written about, but does not indicate the entire set of referenced instances or the entire set of instances (known and unknown). For these, the complete plural and general plural are used.