ZQT-s_Lab-is_AKROBATSHI.pdf

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ZQT-s_Lab-is_AKROBATSHI.pdf

Tu cdis xangrZlivoba 1 saaTs aRemateba, yoveli

1 saaTis Semdeg atareben katalizatoris regeneracias.

zustad ise, rogorc procesis damTavrebis Semdeg, amowvaven

cdis ganmavlobaSi warmoqmnil fis-koqsovan danaleqs

katalizatoridan. amisaTvis mkvebavi biuretis nacvlad

reaqtors miuerTeben haermbers, an haeris mimwodebel

aspirators. regeneraciis procesSi reaqtorSi

haeris miwodebis siCqare unda iyos 20-30 dm 3 /sT. temperatura

500-520 0 C-s ar unda aRematebodes. regeneracia

1-3 sT grZeldeba, danaleqis raodenobis mixedviT.

wvis produqtebs agroveben airsazomSi. roca igi Seivseba

iReben sinjs saanalizod CO2-is Semcvelobaze. Semdeg

airsazomidan gamodevnian airs da mas kvlav iyeneben

axali airis dasagroveblad. regeneracias wyveten roca

CO2-is Semcveloba 0,5%-ze meti aRar iqneba. regeneracia

damTavrebulia maSinac, Tu reaqtoridan gamosuli

airi ar aamRvrevs kirian wyals. regeneraciis damTavrebaze

miuTiTebs, agreTve, RumelSi temperaturis Semcireba.

katalizuri krekingis procesis damTavrebis Semdeg

gansazRvraven Txevadi produqtebis, airisa da koqsis

gamosavals.

Txevadi produqtebis gamosavals (A) sazRvraven

mimRebisa 7 da absorberis 8 awonvis Sedegebis mixedviT

cdamde da cdis Semdeg. A tolia mimRebisa da absorberis

wonaSi namatTa jamisa. miRebuli airis moculoba

ganisazRvreba airsazomis an airis saaTis CvenebaTaA mixedviT,

xolo misi masa moculobisa da simkvrivis mixedviT.

koqsovani danaleqis masas angariSoben katalizatoris

regeneraciis dros miRebuli wvis produqtebis

raodenobisa da maTSi naxSirorJangis Semcvelobis

mixedviT.

43

wvis produqtebSi naxSirorJangis saerTo moculobas

mocemuli wnevisa da temperaturis pirobebSi angariSoben

formuliT:

va + va + va +⋅⋅⋅

V =

1 1 2 2 3 3

100

sadac V aris CO2-is saerTo moculoba, dm 3 ;

V 1,V 2, V 3 da a.S. – Sesabamisad, pirvel, meore da

a. S. airsazomSi dagrovili airis moculoba;

a1, a2, a3 da a. S. - CO2-is procentuli Semcvelobebi

pirvel, meore da a. S. airmzomebidan

aRebul airSi, Sesabamisad.

aqedan koqsis raodenoba iqneba:

G

koqs

V ⋅ 273⋅P⋅12 =

,

(273 + t)

⋅760⋅22,4 sadac P aris atmosferuli wneva, mm vercx.wy.sv.;

t – airis temperatura airsazomSi.

cdis Sedegebi SeaqvT cxrilS (II cxrili)

cdis damTavrebis Semdeg atareben miRebuli Txevadi

da airadi produqtebis analizs maTi Sedgenilobis

dasadgenad. Txevadi produqtebi gadaaqvT gamosaxdel

kolbaSi, romelic aRWurvilia naZvisebri deflegmatoriT

iwyeben produqtis fraqciul gamoxdas. gamoxdis

produqtebs agroveben winaswar awonil kolbebSi da

gamoyofen benzinis fraqcias, romelic 170

44

0C-mde ixdeba

da ligroinis fraqcias, romelic gamoixdeba 170-2300C temperaturul SualedSi. kolbaSi darCenili masa aris

katalizuri krekingis gazoili. benzinis fraqcias umateben

absorberSi STanTqmuli msubuqi fraqciebis masas.

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