ZQT-s_Lab-is_AKROBATSHI.pdf

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ZQT-s_Lab-is_AKROBATSHI.pdf

Teoriuli safuZvlebi

qimiur gardaqmnaTa kinetikis Taviseburebebis Sesaswavlad

mosaxerxebeli obieqtia idealuri Serevis

perioduli moqmedebis reaqtori.

idealuri Serevis reJimisaTvis damaxasiaTebelia

Semdegi daSvebebi:

- teqnologiuri parametrebis myisieri Secvla da

gaTanabreba reaqtoris mTel moculobaSi;

- teqnologiuri parametrebis mniSvnelobaTa toloba

reaqtoris moculobasa da mis gamosasvlelSi.

idealuri Serevis periodul reaqtorSi idealurobis

daSvebis Sesabamisad reagentebis koncentraciebis,

gardaqmnis xarisxis, temperaturis, reaqciis siCqarisa

da sxva parametrebis mniSvnelobebi erTnairi iqneba reaqtoris

moculobis nebismier wertilSi drois nebismier

momentSi, magram gansxvavebuli drois sxva momentisaTvis

(nax 1.). amrigad, periodul reaqtorSi mimdinare

procesi arastacionarulia (daumyarebelia).

qimiuri reaqciis kinetikuri parametrebis gansaz-

RvrisaTvis SeiZleba gamoviyenoT idealuri Serevis perioduli

moqmedebis reaqtoris materialuri balansis

gantoleba:

CA XA

dCA dX A

∫ ∫

τ =− = C

u C u X

CA,0

A,0

( ) ( )

A A 0 A A

sadac t aris sareaqcio narevis reaqtorSi dayovnebis

dro, romelic aucilebelia XA gardaqmnis xarisxis

misaRwevad;

,

(1)

69

70

uA(CA) , an uA(XA) - reaqciis kinetikuri gantolebebia.

mocemul samuSaoSi Seiswavleba ZmarmJavas eTilis

eTeris (eTilacetatis) tutiT gasavpnis meore rigis

reaqciis kinetika.

CH 3COOC 2H 5 + NaOH CH 3COONa + C 2H 5OH

A + B R + S

(2)

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