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Technical Details –

Technical Details – Components for Fluorescent Lamps Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Vossloh-Schwabe's electronic ballast range was developed in accordance with valid EMC standards (interference, interference immunity and mains harmonics) and specially designed to ensure safe compliance with the limiting values. It is assumed that that any remarks regarding conductor wiring and conductor length in the instructions for installing electronic ballasts in luminaires or for independent ballasts will be observed. Vossloh-Schwabe electronic ballasts are also tested in commercially available luminaires in addition to the CISPR 30 sample luminaires. Mains harmonics: the maximum values laid down in EN 61547 (Interference Immunity) are satisfied. Additional information Information on the installation of electronic ballasts for optimising EMC To ensure good radio interference suppression and the greatest possible operating safety, the following points should be observed when installing electronic ballasts: • Conductors between the EB and the lamp (HF conductors) must be kept short (reduction of electromagnetic interference). High-potential lamp conductors must be kept as short as possible, in particular with tubular lamps. Lamp conductors of this kind are labelled with an * in the wiring diagram on the type plate (see page 221–223). • Mains and lamp conductors must be kept separate and if possible should not be laid in parallel to one another. The distance between HF and mains conductors should be as large as possible, ideally > 5 cm. (This prevents the induction of interference between the mains and lamp conductors.) • The mains conductor within the luminaire must be kept short (to reduce the induction of interference). • Devices must be properly earthed. EBs require secure contacts to the luminaire casing or must be earthed using a PE connection. This PE connection should be effected using an independent conductor to achieve better dissipation of the leak current. EMC improves at frequencies greater than 30 MHz. • The mains conductor must not be laid too close to the EB or the lamp (this is especially important in the event of through-wiring). • Mains and lamp conductors must not be crossed. Should this be impossible to avoid, conductors should be crossed at right angles to one another to avoid inducing interference between mains and HF conductors. • Should conductors be wired through metal parts, such conductors must always be additionally shielded (e.g. with an insulating sleeve or grommet). Temperature Reference point temperature tc The safe operation of electronic ballasts is dependent on the maximum permissible temperature not being exceeded at the measuring point. Vossloh-Schwabe has determined a casing temperature measuring point – tc max. – on all EB casings. To avoid shortening the service life or diminishing operating safety, the stipulated maximum temperature must not be exceeded at this tc point. This point is determined by testing the convertor during normal, IEC-standardised operation at the specified ambient temperature (ta), which is also indicated on the type plate. As both the design-related ambient temperature and the ballast's inherent heat, as determined by the installed load, are subject to great variation, the casing temperature should be tested at the tc point under real installation conditions. Ambient temperature ta The ambient temperature – as specified on every EB – denotes the permissible temperature range within the luminaire. 216

Technical Details – Components for Fluorescent Lamps Reliability and service life If the max. temperature at the tc reference point (as specified on the type plate and the technical documentation of the ballast) is not exceeded, the defined service life can be expected to be achieved, assuming a switching cycle of 165 minutes on and 15 minutes off. See page 211 for service life details regarding the various electronic ballast families. Emergency lighting All Vossloh-Schwabe EBs that are suitable for DC voltage operation can be used in emergency lighting systems. Consideration must, however, be taken of system requirements. 1 2 VS Dimmable Electronic Ballasts Vossloh-Schwabe's range of electronic ballasts is rounded off by dimmable ballasts for fluorescent lamps The standardised interfaces "1–10 V" and "DALI" are used for this purpose. Coupled with sensors, electronic ballasts fitted with a "1–10 V" interface make it easy to create intelligent luminaires and room lighting systems, whereby the luminaires are "programmed" via the wiring to the control units, i.e. via the hardware. The digital interface "DALI" (Digital Addressable Lighting Interface) constitutes a further development of the "1–10 V" analogue interface. This digital interface was jointly developed by leading manufacturers of electronic ballasts in order to create a uniform standard for the lighting industry. The uniform interface and telegram definition dictates the function of a DALI operating device or DALI consumer and ensures exchangeability of operating devices made by various manufacturers. Each VS DALI ballast is additionally fitted with the so-called PUSH function. The data input DA (DALI & PUSH) is used as a control input for both signal structures, with the exception of devices featuring separate inputs. When used as a DALI ballast, control is effected via the DALI protocol; when used as a PUSH ballast, control is effected via a push key and is achieved via current flow times of differing duration. Due to the working principle involved, dimming compact fluorescent lamps causes a negligible drop in colour temperature. However, sudden larger changes in the dimmer setting can temporarily cause greater variation in colour temperature. The dimmer function is optimised to minimise this subjective visual change in colour temperature when the dimmer setting is suddenly subjected to larger change. VS DALI electronic ballasts are characterised by the following performance feature • Two-strand, potential-free, polarity-independent control input • Dimmer curve analogue to the light sensitivity of the human eye • Addressing options: total system, group-wise or individually • Scene memory • Feedback in the event of defective lamps These features ensure a number of advantages for lighting systems • No group wiring needed • Each DALI ballast can be individually addressed • No need for scene memory modules • Synchronised scene transitions • Operating devices provide reports on lamp status • Simple integration into facility management systems VS DALI electronic ballasts provide the convenience of a bus system that is both easy to install and operate. DALI and PUSH must not be used at the same time! Switching mains voltage to the DALI conductors within a DALI system will lead to the destruction of both the DALI power supply and the DALI master! 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 217

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    Contents 5 Transformers for Low-vol

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    1 PUMA Headquarters Porsche Museum

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    2 Ballasts for Discharge Lamps For

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    2 Ignitors and Accessories for Disc

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    2 Lampholders for Discharge Lamps E

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    3 Electronic Ballasts for TC and T

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    3 Electromagnetic Ballasts for TC a

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    6 Emergency Lighting Modules for TC

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    1 2 3 4 5 Energy Management & Contr

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    General Technical Details Product d

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    Glossary A A type, B type capacitor

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    Subsidiaries Subsidiaries Adress Ph