11 months ago

Climate Action 2009-2010

© UN Photo/Fred Noy

© UN Photo/Fred Noy TECHNOLOGY A young boy herds his families cattle in the dry and desolate lanscape of the city of Tawaila in Northern Darfur. © UN Photo/Christopher Herwig An aerial view of a part of Monrovia, Liberia Nukunonu Atoll seaside, one of the regions of the world, vulnerable to the impact of the climate change. © UN/Ariane Rummery SATELLITE 118 OLAGI) involved in the different steps of this plan, several partners are ready to collaborate with the nearly 500 chosen regions. The TACC Programme is implemented in three phases over a five-year period. The first phase of awarenessraising and training allows the identification of the regions and their needs in policies to tackle climate change. The second phase of analysis and balance allows the assessment of the territorial vulnerability and of its carbon footprint in order to elaborate the ITCP. The implementation of the ITCP, which is an action plan added to a portfolio of investment and sustainable development projects, is the third phase of the programme. In furtherance, this application promotes sub-national capacity in developing countries to develop and finance projects that benefit from the Clean Development Mechanism process proposed by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). IMPLEMENTATION AND DEPLOYMENT A number of scoping missions have been carried out in different regions of Uruguay, Albania, Macedonia, Senegal and Algeria since November 2008 in order to assimilate information on pre-project situations. Results indicate that regional and local governmental actions against climate change are severely constrained by various barriers, such as access to methodologies; data and expertise; limited access to knowledge; capacity; and financial resources. As a consequence of these findings, a comprehensive two-year project document has been prepared by local actors with the support of UNDP and experts from cooperating regions, and endorsed by the respective National Government as part of its National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA). A number of similar scoping and formulation missions are already planned for the coming months for Peru, Colombia, Egypt, Morocco, Bangladesh, Mexico, Nicaragua, Vietnam and Indonesia based on The three-phase TACC programme. the expression of interest from partner regions and/or national governments through UNDP Country offices. “ In order to fulfil the objective of designing Climate Profile and ITCP, the Brittany Region, in partnership with the United Nations Development Programme, has created ClimSAT, the hub in charge of providing technical services in the assessment and mapping of the territorial vulnerability to climate change “ In order to fulfil the objective of designing Climate Profile and ITCP, the Brittany Region, in partnership with the United Nations Development Programme, has created ClimSAT, the hub in charge of providing technical services in the assessment and mapping of the territorial vulnerability to climate change. Based on the use of earth observation, high-resolution data and sound methodology, ClimSAT is helping regions to VISIT: WWW.CLIMATEACTIONPROGRAMME.ORG

TECHNOLOGY Competencies of the partners Value-added services Users Spatial technologies Observations Regions Communication Evolution scenarios Regional and local-scale territorial Ocean and coast Simulations communities Climate and weather Cost-benefit analyses Businesses Development and territorial GHG balance Citizen associations and planning adjustment Integrated Territorial Climate Plan organisation Action programme integrate the climate in their territorial management by improving accessibility and by disseminating and exchanging updated information on how to use them based on existing or developing territorial experiences. Furthermore, this hub expertise domain covers a large panel of issues thanks to the dynamic developing network. ClimSAT, a methodological charter to assess and map vulnerabilities to climate change ClimSAT’s mission is to facilitate and guide the regions in sourcing and using satellite and other geo-spatial information and related management technologies to assess the physical impact of climate change and the associated vulnerabilities in a given territory. The climate change vulnerability approach developed by ClimSAT consists of three-dimensional visual models expressing the incidence of current climatic conditions on the functioning and sustainability of local ecological environment (land, water, ecosystems, forest and protected areas, etc…), economy (agriculture, fisheries, industries, rural and urban service infrastructures, etc..) and society (living and working conditions, health, education, social and cultural services, etc…). By further integrating two extreme IPCC climate change scenarios (most optimistic and most pessimistic) in the climatic vulnerability modeling systems, future climate risks and hotspots induced by global warming will be evidenced in each regional territory and easily qualified and quantified. Different adaptive as well as mitigation options can be visualised and corresponding projects evaluated. This approach aims to ensure the full participation of local actors of the specific climate change vulnerabilities of their territory and, by using intuitive visualisation ClimSAT basic maps for the study of the metropolitan area of Montevideo in Uruguay. techniques, to facilitate consensus-building, decisionmaking, resource mobilisation and decision acceptance. MAPPING THE TERRITORIAL VULNERABILITY TO CLIMATE CHANGE Given the complexity and the numerous relevant pieces of information needed to express possible adaptation and mitigation opportunities, maps appear to be the most efficient tool to communicate results. Vulnerability maps allow analysing and developing possible options in a universal and directly accessible manner. Remote sensing is the key tool to complete the inventory of the data needed for the assessment and mapping process. Image processing can lead to a large range of multidisciplinary information, from a simple red-greenblue view of the area of interest to a representation of the state of hydrical stress of a crop field, the classification of the land cover, or the state of the soil moisture. Such reliable information is very useful to complete the set of available data needed for each territorial assessment and mapping; and even more so in developing countries that are, in most cases, the most vulnerable to climate change. PROMOTE AND DEVELOP ACCESS TO AND USE OF DOWNSCALED CLIMATIC DATA Helping territories to plan efficient planning response to climate change requires understanding the spatial organisation of climate impacts that are highly sitespecific. Therefore, future climate data of high spatial resolution are needed. Furthermore, the four types of scenarios developed by IPCC are currently the most commonly applied to simulate future climatic trends. The use of the most pessimistic A1F1 and the most optimistic B2 scenarios are thus pertinent to visualise the panel of needed adaptation and mitigation strategies. Depending on the type of impacts the territory is facing, more or less high temporal resolution is employed in order to study the physical phenomenon. GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS Geographical Information System (GIS) is a tool that shows features and feature relationships on a chosen surface. Most of all, type of data can be georeferenced and used to construct a map. The information can then be used again to support queries, analysis, crossing with other information and, at last, editing the layers of information. This clear representation of the territory allows identifying the “hotspot” where attention should be focused according to one set of indicators or queries. SATELLITE 119 © ClimSAT HELPING THE TERRITORY TO DEVELOP THEIR CAPACITY BUILDING Tackling climate change is a long-term process that has to be appropriated by local actors. The sustainability of development projects, as outlined in the Declaration de VISIT: WWW.CLIMATEACTIONPROGRAMME.ORG