11 months ago

Climate Action 2010-2011

Redd, Sustainable Forest

Redd, Sustainable Forest Management and Agriculture Such integrated management makes it possible to intensify agriculture, manage water resources and improve social and economic development while protecting biodiversity and soil functions, and reducing GHG emissions. Participatory consultation Multilateral, bilateral and unilateral REDD+ readiness initiatives, the identification and formulation of agricultural NAMAs, the definition of national adaptation strategies and efforts to secure stable food supply can all help catalyse the alignment of various land-use policies into national, integrated strategies. Emerging international incentive mechanisms – in particular performance-based financing linked to NAMAs and REDD+ and financial support for adaptation measures – must be coordinated with existing policies on food security to ensure that intensification of agriculture promotes climate-resilient and environmentally sound farming practices. The consultative processes triggered by new and innovative climate-related financial mechanisms are an opportunity to instate integrated land-planning in developing countries as a condition for REDD+ and sustainable food production. REDD+ readiness and the elaboration of NAMAs are essential steps towards low carbon development. Given that the land-use sector provides income for more than a third of the world’s workforce, it is essential that any strategy is supported by a broad range of stakeholders, including decision-makers, land-management planners, land users, landowners, and beneficiaries of land services. Consultations are vital to identify their requirements and needs. Relevant physical, social and economic conditions and data on land units need to be made available to stakeholders to ensure that they are able to provide informed input into the development of policies. Once strategies and policies have been appraised and cost and benefits of each have been assessed, governments need to establish the institutional and legislative infrastructure needed to implement the agreed-upon land uses and long-term land management. Such infrastructure includes clarification of land titles and tenure reform; it also entails to establish institutions that integrate relevant information and manage land-planning systems. International policy processes and bilateral cooperation can support such national process through • Financial support: International incentive mechanisms for mitigation (NAMAs, REDD+) and for adaptation can be bundled with financing for food security and private sector investments into the land-use sector. • Information and learning: The performance-based nature of funding for climate change mitigation facilitates the establishment of national (and/or international) performance checks and MRV systems. The resulting information ensures transparency of the policies and measures towards stakeholders. • Capacity building and institutional strengthening: REDD+ readiness and NAMA development must progress alongside a strengthening of national institutions and processes, including law enforcement and tenure reform. • Stakeholder involvement: Land-use planning must be collaborative in approach, involving local governments, indigenous and local groups, NGOs and the private sector. The resulting land-use plans must guide decision-making. The REDD+ process and its requirements may be a good starting point for national consultations on low-emissions solutions for the forestry and agriculture sector. Outlook While a legally-binding agreement in line with the overall objective to avoid global temperatures rising by more than two degrees may take several years more to negotiate, climate change action is already taking place. International mechanisms, even before adopted (REDD+) or even defined (NAMAs), trigger anticipatory action. Readiness processes integrated in the development of low carbon development strategies are likely to continue and receive support through bilateral or multilateral cooperation. As long as such processes are coordinated and informed by consultations and stakeholder involvement, they have the potential to facilitate long-term change in national strategies. The land-use sector is one of the most prominent examples where integration is essential for further success. Only if the walls between adaptation and mitigation projects fall, only if food security and water management are taken into the equation, can the longer term carrying capacity and health of our land be secured. Charlotte Streck is Director of Climate Focus and a former senior counsel for the World Bank in Washington, DC. She has been actively involved in climate change policy throughout her career and helped establish several of the World Bank’s carbon funds. She is an advisor to numerous governments, private companies and non-profit organisations and is actively involved in the debate around the development of new carbon finance mechanisms. She is also lead counsel for climate change with the Center for International Sustainable Development Law with McGill University and an adviser to the Prince of Wales Rainforest Project. Climate Focus works closely with companies, governments and non-governmental organisations on reducing emissions in energy, households, industry, agriculture and forestry. With experts in national and international climate law, emissions trading, project design and finance, multidisciplinary teams develop custom solutions for clients, ranging from the development of policies to protect the rainforest to structuring greenhouse gas mitigation projects in the energy sector. 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Some call it a tree © Istock Photos UNEP also calls it carbon capture and storage UNEP AND CLIMATE CHANGE: INVEST IN THE GREEN ECONOMY