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Climate Action 2010-2011

Regional Focus Metrobus

Regional Focus Metrobus is the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system in Mexico City. Its main objective is to improve mobility to prioritise public passenger transport by replacing current buses with a new higher capacity service that will reduce greenhouse gas emissions. At the moment, there are two lines and by 2012 it is scheduled that the Metrobus System will have five transport corridors. At the Copenhagen Summit (COP15), there were high expectations but little agreement and few are optimistic about securing an international agreement this time round, at the Cancun Summit (COP16). Thus, cities must continue in the fight against climate change, regardless of whether an agreement is reached. Local leadership and commitment to the planet Cities have a relevant role in combating the phenomenon of climate change due to their importance in terms of population, economics, and GHG emissions. It is estimated that cities emit 75 per cent of global GHG emissions. As such, mayors have an important responsibility to make policy and investment decisions aimed at reducing emissions. These include decisions about public transportation and many aspects of energy efficiency, such as street lighting. We can establish incentives for sustainable buildings and issue standards to be applied when managing solid waste and the operation of sanitary landfills. We are investing a significant part of our budgets in executing climate action strategies and plans. Mexico City will invest over US$2 billion in its climate programme between 2006 to 2012. These progressive actions place cities in a prominent position in combating global warming, even though mayors are not at the COP negotiating table. Cities must be acknowledged for the role they play in implementing actions to reduce GHG emissions. At the same time, city governments must attend to community needs when there are emergencies such as floods, fires, or natural catastrophes, many of which can be attributed to the effects of climate change. The World Mayors Summit on Climate & Mexico City Pact In this context, we have called mayors in all regions of the world to attend the World Mayors Summit on Climate (WMSC), to be held in Mexico City on November 21 2010. The purpose is to make an appeal to international authorities to recognise the strategic and fundamental role that local governments play in the fight against global warming. As such, we will call for greater access to cooperation, financing, technology and decision mechanisms. We aim to achieve a greater transfer of resources, as well as specific commitments from cities around the world. The WMSC is organised by the Mexico City government, the World Mayors Council on Climate Change, ICLEI-Local Governments for Sustainability, and by United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG). Collectively, these organisations bring together thousands of cities, authorities, and local governments from around the world. The WMSC supports a set of previous efforts undertaken by cities and local authorities, such as the signing of the World Mayors and Local Governments Climate Protection Agreement (2007), the Local Government Climate Change Action Plan (2007), the publication of the Copenhagen World Climate Catalogue of City Commitments to Combat Climate Change (2009), Copenhagen Climate Communiqué (2009), the Dunkirk 2010 Call on Climate Action (2010), the Bonn Declaration of Mayors Adaptation Forum (2010), and the C40 Large Cities Climate Summits, among many other efforts. Our intention is to step up the level of commitment made by cities on the issue of sustainability. We also strive to work together with the UN Framework Convention | 166 | www.climateactionprogramme.org

Regional Focus The Mexico City Pact The Pact includes 10 commitments that are subject to review and feedback from the city governments of the world: 1. Voluntarily reducing GHG emissions. 2. Adopting and implementing local climate mitigation measures designed to reach the voluntary emission reduction goals. 3. Developing local adaptation strategies to face the local repercussions of climate change. 4. Registering climate commitments, measures and actions in a quantifiable, reportable, and verifiable (QRV) manner. 5. Promoting the creation of direct access mechanisms to international financing for local climate actions. 6. Establishing a Mexico City Pact Secretariat. 7. Promoting the inclusion of civil society in the struggle against climate change. 8. Promoting and seeking alliances with multilateral institutions and national governments for local climate actions. 9. Promoting alliances and cooperation among cities. 10. Disseminating the message of the Mexico City Pact. In this way, the Mexico City Pact will become a new international negotiation mechanism and establish a system of measurable and verifiable action reports. This will make it possible to closely follow advances over time and establish criteria and guidelines for assigning funds to local projects. The WMSC will be a forum for sharing experiences among cities on state-of-the-art policies that have been implemented in regard to energy efficiency, sustainable transport, renewable energy, efficient lighting, generation of electricity from waste, curbing water consumption, and the introduction of electric and hybrid vehicles, among other actions. The World Mayors Summit on Climate will be an excellent opportunity to achieve a synergy of experiences and agreements. The clearest challenge that we have on the path to COP16 is to receive recognition of our leadership in the struggle against climate change. on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the UN COPs, who are coordinating the climate efforts of national governments. The WMSC will be the basis for signing a voluntary commitment, called the Mexico City Pact. The two-part Pact looks at the strategic role of cities in combating global warming and establishes a set of voluntary pledges to promote strategies and actions to reduce GHG emissions. Cities are economic and political hubs as well as centres of scientific and technical innovation. As such, cities must be part of the global solution. In order to track our progress and keep cities accountable, the signatories will register their climate actions in a Carbon Cities Climate Registry (CCCR) created and administered by the Bonn Center for Local Climate Action and Reporting (Carbonn). This pact will include a call for support from the international community to allocate budget for these actions. In addition, we will work with the World Bank to realise direct funding mechanisms for global warming mitigation initiatives. Without a doubt, a key outcome of the Mexico City Pact and the first World Mayors Summit on Climate will be the recognition that cities are strategic entities in mitigating climate change. Cities are economic and political hubs as well as centres of scientific and technical innovation. We have the largest concentrations of population, public goods and investment capital in infrastructure and technical knowledge. As such, cities must be part of the global solution. Marcelo Ebrard is Head of government of the federal district in Mexico City, the capital of Mexico. He is affiliated with the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) and served as Secretary-General for the former Mexican federal district department, as well as Minister of public security and Minister of social development. He has a degree in international relations from El Colegio de México and specialised in public administration and planning at the École nationale d’administration in France. Since assuming duties as Head of the City Government in December 2006, he has prioritised green transport initiatives including construction of a 12th metro line, new energy efficient vehicles and a tramline. Karina Moreno, Secretaria Particular del Jefe de Gobierno del Distrito Federal Plaza de la Constitución y 5 de Febrero, 1er. Piso Oficina 103, Centro Histórico, 06068 México, D.F. Tel: +52 53458042, 53458014, 53458036, 53458044 Email: kmorenoo@jefatura.df.gob.mx Website: www.df.gob.mx www.wmsc2010.org www.climateactionprogramme.org | 167 |