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CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS IN CROATIA Site name: Rižinice Position: Rupotine, Solin Head of excavations: Ante Milošević and Ljubo Gudelj Institution: Museum of Croatian Archaeological Monuments in Split Type of excavation: systematic archaeological excavation and conservation work Excavation period: summer 2014 Total excavated area: approximately 150 m² Chronological and cultural attribution of the site: Classical Antiquity, Middle Ages ARCHEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS AT RIŽINICE IN RUPOTINE In July, August and September 2014, rescue excavation activities resumed at the archaeological site Rižinice in Rupotine near Solin. During that period, excavations on the eastern end of the complex (approximately 150 m 2 ) were concluded and the reconstruction of a previously discovered ancient sarcophagus was completed. In addition, rescue and conservation work on the dilapidated walls continued, and part of the excavated area was backfilled with soil to protect the remains of structures found at the site. At the same time, the backfilling of the remains of an ancient temple under a collapsed section of the Solin-Klis road was supervised. The backfilling was conducted by Delmat Galiot d.o.o., a company commissioned and instructed by the Conservation Department in Split. The procedure was financed by the County Roads Administration. Little archaeological material was excavated at the time: two late Roman coins from the 5 th century, parts of a marble column and a marble pedestal of Roman provenance, around thirty fragments of pottery and glass bowls, mostly dating from the late Roman period. However, this year’s excavation has significantly contributed to what was already known about the organization of the Rižinice complex and the time of construction of individual structures. The sediment of tuff found on the southern end of the excavated area is considered particularly valuable as it provides evidence that large quantities of water used to flow down the slopes of Kozjak hill through a natural ditch in Rižinice into a stream called Ilijin potok. Special attention was devoted to the reconstruction of the sarcophagus, carried out by the Museum’s conservators. Two ancient sarcophagi were placed on firm concrete props similar to the spolia that had served as their base before being removed. After the excavation was completed, the area around the sarcophagi was flattened to what was once floor level in preparation for the permanent arranging of that part of the site. The newly discovered architectural remains were documented. Prior to the recovery of the dilapidated walls, site drainage was installed to facilitate an unobstructed flow of water, as the water had previously threatened their existence. The remains of walls and mortar on the sides of a small ancient cistern were reinforced and the cistern was temporarily protected by means of geotextile, soil and a wooden canopy. In addition to that, approximately 700 m 2 of scrubland that had stretched from the terraces to the stream Ilijin potok was cleared to ensure better visibility and prepare the area for forthcoming excavations. An information panel with basic information about the site was set up at the site. The work on the site was carried out by a team from the Museum of Croatian Archaeological Monuments in Split under the expert guidance of Ante Milošević, PhD. The team was comprised of senior curator Ljubomir Gudelj, conservators Mladen Matijaca and Dalibor Popović, preparator Milan Palčok, documentarists Silvana Juraga and Maja Marković, photographer Zoran Alajbeg and trainee archaeologists Ante Alajbeg and Kristina Babić. Archaeology students Silvija Lasić and Deni Tojčić, as well as four manual workers who were also part of the team. The various options on how to proceed with archaeological activities at the site and address the problems that surround it were discussed with the mayor of Solin and the representatives of the County Roads Administration and the Conservation Department in Split. All parties agree that the archaeological park should be restored and the collapsed section of the Solin-Klis road should be recovered in a way that will allow for excavations to continue, enable the presentation of archaeological remains, as well as secure parking space and access to the site. We are aware that the final design solution for this section of the county road can be part of a larger project planned to include a reconstruction of the road in its full length. Translated by Lana Štefulj

CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS IN CROATIA Site name: Spilja Bukovac Position: Northwest slope of mount Sleme Place/Municipality: Lokve Head of excavations: Dr. Ivor Janković; deputy head of excavations Dr. Ivor Karavanić Institution: Institute for Anthropological Research, Zagreb Excavation period: 14 – 26 June, 2010 Type of excavation: test trench excavation Total excavated area: 2 x 1.5 m 2 Chronological and cultural attribution of the site: Pleistocene, Paleolithic EXCAVATIONS OF SPILJA BUKOVAC (BUKOVAC CAVE) IN GORSKI KOTAR Spilja Bukovac (Bukovac cave) is located in the Croatian region of Gorski Kotar, southeast of Lokve, on the northwest slope of mount Sleme. The cave is easily accessed and does not require any special gear or physical fitness. The long entrance passage widens after about 50 meters into a smaller transverse chamber, from which a few smaller passages emerge. The archaeological potential of the site was realised as early as 1911, when Hungarian archaeologist Tivadar Kormos undertook a series of smaller-scale excavations in the cave, the Pleistocene layer of the transverse chamber trench yielding a tip of a deer antler, as well as multiple animal bones bearing fire marks and signs of breaking. According to the type of the antler tip, it is possible we are dealing with the so-called Aurignacian industry, or with a regional variant of it from the early Upper Paleolithic. Even though smaller-scale excavations were undertaken in the 1970s by Mirko Malez, a member of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts, it was of vital importance to undertake further research using modern archaeological methods and technology. The aim of the smaller trench excavations was to determine the stratigraphic sequence of the site, as well as to evaluate further research potential. After clearing the sediment brought up by earlier trenches (the Kormos and Malez trenches) and reaching the intact layer of sediment, a 2x1.5m trench was opened into which two 1x1.5 m quadrants were lowered (A1 and A2). Each quadrant was then divided into 4 subquadrants which were excavated in layers. Quadrant A1 was lowered to the level of the earlier (Malez/Kormos) trench, with quadrant A2 being lowered to stratigraphic layer A3. Researched sediments yielded a large number of faunal remains (the exact taxonomic classification is yet to be determined), some of which show signs of human intervention (burning). After the excavation was completed, a layout of the central part of the cave was drawn, the researched trench mapped and the stratigraphic sequence of the site established. Translated by Mirta Šutej

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