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CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL

CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS IN CROATIA Site name: Starigrad Paklenica Position: Paklarić Settlement/municipality: Starigrad Paklenica Head of excavation: Radomir Jurić Institution: Archaeological Museum in Zadar Excavation period: 12 th July – 14 th August 2001 Type of excavation: test, rescue Total excavated area: approx. 100 m 2 Chronological and cultural attribution of the site: Prehistory (the Iron Age), the Middle Ages (the Late Middle Ages) TEST AND RESCUE ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS ON THE POSITION OF PAKLARIĆ, STARIGRAD PAKLENICA In 2001, the Archaeological Museum in Zadar conducted test and rescue archaeological excavations on the position of Paklarić, situated on a plateau to the right of the entrance to the Paklenica National Park. Archaeological excavations were carried out in two areas, covering a preserved 57m-long fortification wall on the east side of the plateau. Access to the plateau from the east is enclosed in a semi-circle by the wall. Between two branches on the north and three on the south, a tower of rhomboid shape (measuring 5.5 x 8.5 m, with tower walls 60 cm wide) was built. The wall was erected in the Late Middle Ages on top of the prehistoric (Iron Age) dry-stone rampart (100 cm high). Small quantities of prehistoric pottery and substantially greater quantities of pottery from the Middle Ages were found. Excavations were carried out on the western edge of the plateau at the same time. The remains of a larger tower of pentagonal shape are situated there. Eastern and southern walls of the tower are 16 m long, while the northern is 18 and the western almost 22 m long. Wall thickness ranges from 100 to 180 cm. The largest preserved height, which was measured on the outer face of the northern wall, amounts to 3 m. The walls are composed of re-carved square stones stacked in rows one on top of the other. Large quantities of animal bones, shells and terracotta pottery fragments were found. This fortification system, which was used to survey the important communication route leading from the sea, through Paklenica, to the inland and back, was also built in the Late Middle Ages. Nowadays, there is a lookout point on the position of Paklarić pertaining to the Paklenica National Park. Translated by Marta Vučković

CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS IN CROATIA Site name: Starigrad Paklenica Position: Sv. Petar (St. Peter) Place/Municipality: Starigrad Paklenica Head of excavation: Radomir Jurić Institution: Archaeological Museum in Zadar Excavation period: 1999 – 2008 Type of excavation: systematic Total excavated area: Approximately 600 m 2 Chronological and cultural attribution of the site: The Middle Ages (the Early Middle Ages, the Late Middle Ages), the Modern Ages EXCAVATIONS OF THE MEDIEVAL CHURCH OF ST. PETER AND THE GRAVEYARD AROUND IT IN STARIGRAD PAKLENICA Systematic archaeological excavations lasted in and around the Church of St. Peter from 1999 to 2008, with minor interruptions. A more comprehensive conservation work on that sacral structure was preceded by the excavation led by the Archaeological Museum in Zadar. The conservation works started at the end of 2007 and lasted until 2012, under the expert supervision of the Directorate for the Protection of Cultural Heritage, Conservation Department in Zadar. The Church of St. Peter is located in front of the entrance into Velika Paklenica canyon and it has at least two construction phases. Recent excavation has established early medieval and late medieval construction phases of the church, to which a church-tower was added, and later the buttresses along the southern and the northern walls. The length of the older church is 8 meters, and the width is 5 meters. The total length, with later additional structure (the apse) is 13 meters. Numerous graves have been found in and around the church. A total of 215 graves were excavated. They date from the Middle Ages to the Modern Ages. One or several deceased were buried directly into the ground, in wooden caskets or graves with grave architecture. The graves were covered with thin, thick or multiple monoliths. Multiple brick tombs, which held several deceased, were also excavated. A few dozen items were found in the graves, among which jewellery prevailed. The jewellery mostly consisted of earrings and rings, which were present in a wide variety of types and choices. The three strawberry-like earrings which date back to the Late Middle Ages (14 th ) century are outstandingly beautiful. Several late medieval coins were found both inside and outside of the graves. Excavated applications, which belonged to diadems or to Gothic hats, should certainly be mentioned, as well as several pottery fragments and some glass. Human skeletons have been analysed at the Department of Archaeology of the Croatian Academy of Arts and Sciences in Zagreb. Translated by Mihael Wagner

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